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Western Clarion Apr 19, 1913

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1», 1IU
PublUhed every Saturday hy tli*
Soolallat Party of Canada at the office
of The Weitem Clarion, 516 Main St.,
Vanoonver, B. C. 	
76 cents per year, 40 cents for six
months, 20 cents for three months.
In U. S. single subscriptions $1.00 per
Strictly ln Advance.
Bundles of 6 or more copies, for a
period of not less than three months, at
the rate of 1*J4 cent per copy per Issue.
Advertising rates on application.
If you receive this paper, lt is paid
In making remittance by cheque, exchange must be added. Address all communications and make all money orders
liavable to
616 Main St. -Vanoonver, B. C.
Watch  the label on your paper.   If
this   number  ls  on   it,   your  sub-
serlption expires with the next issue. _
..APRIL 19, 1913
Arthur. His public utterances at
that period classed him with the reddest of the reds. Anything savoring
of compromise or political trading was I
anathema maranatha, to be stamped
upon as deadly and poisonous treachery to the working class.
An appeal to comrades all over the
world on behalf of the Greek Socialists
was to have been sent out at the same
time as the appeals from the Servian
' ""* y" ""**""". . ,„ n,„ ' and Bulgarian Socialists.
No change that has occurred in the B
1    But just then our general secretary,
A revolutionary movement, no matter what class-Interests lt fights for,
has no room in the ranks for political
trimmers. To harbor such spells, immediately, confusion, and in the long
run often reduces the organization
that tolerates lt to Impotence. The
British Labor Party is a case in point.
The position of Clen. Stubbs, Presl-
dnet of District 18, U. M. W. A., as
conveyed in the telegram published
on the front page of last week's issue,
is on all-fours with the foregoing:
Here was a man, a few years ago
looked upon as possessing abilities
that would prove of considerable assistance to the Socialist movement of
Western Canada, placed in a position
where he had to make a cholee between three courses.
A political struggle, probably the
bitterest and hardest of any in which
the Socialist Party of Canada has
ever engaged, had commenced. That
party, to which he had given his
affiliation, had nominated candidates
who stood on a revolutionary, uncompromising platform. The capitalist
interests, in view of the strength of
Socialist sentiment amongst the min-
miners of the Lethbridge District, had
nominated a "Labor" man to oppose
the Socialist Party* candidate in their
interest. The Trades and Labor convention of delegatesrefers to a committee for report, a motion introduced
by two members of the S. P. of C. to
endorse the candidate of the Socialist
The majority of the Committee report in favor of the motion, the minority in favor of endorsing the "Labor"
(Liberal) party. A motion is Immediately made to adopt the latter report,
exposing to the least observing eye
the slimy tactics of Labor-Liberalism.
As was to be expected, a hot discussion ensues. On occasions, such as
this, a definite, and uncompromising
stand for principle would be taken by
every Socialist worthy of his salt.
Stubbs did not take that stand.
There were two alternatives left
him. Either he could support the
recommendation of the minority to endorse the nominee of the Liberal
Party, or relying on the Influence of his
position as official head of the miners'
Union, sidetrack the issue by moving
an alternative motion. He chose the
latter, and moved that the convention
endorse the political platform of the
Alberta Federation of Labor, presumably relying on the fact that the Federation had, in convention, endorsed
the platform of the Socialist Party of
Canada, to square himself with the
Socialists in the Union, without alienating his following amongst the non-
Socialists. A professional politician's
trick, pure and simple.
The  Alberta Federationist, the official organ of the Alberta Federation
of Labor, on  March    28th  last, contained a lengthy editorial,  in  which
the claims of the Socialist Party of
Canada to represent the interests of
Ihe workers, were ridiculed, and the
suggestion made that their candidate
should  be  withdrawn  from   the  contest in the newly    created    constitu
ency of North Calgary, In favor of a
"good man" to be nominated  hy the
trade-union organizations.   The struggle being waged by the Socialist Party
for political power was characterized
as premature and visionary. What was
needed was the election    of    trades-
unionists to    represent    tbe    trades-
unionists.    The struggle for  political
supremacy by the workers of Alberta
(and   North  Calgary,   in   particular)
was to be relegated to the dim and
distant future, pending the time when
the trades-unionists had    been    educated sufficiently by (presumably) the
efforts of the "good men" to be intelligent enough    to take  port in the
class-struggle for power.
Rather a back-banded compliment
to the mental qualifications of the
membership of the Federation!
Alas, a sincere, though unintentional compliment to the mentality of the
membership.of the Socialist Party of
The editor of the Federationist,
who, like Stubbs, at one time, before
coming into possession of the meal-
ticket he now enjoys, possessed in a
measure, the confidence of his comrades, was twice nominated on the
ticket of the S. P. of C, once in Vancouver, and tbe last time    in    Port
political situation in B. C. or Alberta
since these jobs were secured can be
adduced aa justification for these political acrobatic stunts. Class-lines
have been steadily growing clearer,
the revolutionary sentiment more
pronounced. Affectionate regard for a
meal-ticket or the "distinguished" position that goes with it, in the first
instance, and the same, added to the
consuming desire to be one' of the
"good men" who are to accomplish the
stupendous task of "educating" (by a
long and toilsome process) the membership of the Alberta Federation of
Labor to the necessity of the working-class capturing political power are
the most probable reasons that can be
These acts "bf political fence-rldlng
result from the continued occupation
of a dual position. As Socialists their
principles impel them to the support
of the position taken b the S. P. of C.
As well-paid trade-union officials who
wish to retain their jobs they have
to move cautiously, as becometh
they who would walk upon eggs.
Their meal-tickets are dependent upon the good will of their paymasters,
the rank and file of the unions, Socialists and non-Socialists. Their
self-respect demands that their political principles be kept unsullied in the
time of test. The weakening of the
courage of their convictions induced
by a protracted period of fence-riding
between the two alternatives, unfits
them to meet the test when it is
forced on them, and they take the
road they consider the easiest, and
the most profitable to their immediate
In doing so they have gained the
questionable distinction of being the
first of those who have attained prominence in the Socialist Party of Canada
to sacrifice principle to personal ambition.
The party can congratulate itself
that they are now on the other side of
the fence.
Since the above was written the
April 4th issue of the Alberta Federationist has come to hand, and its
contents provide ample 'justification
for the preceding article.
It contains an account of the convention held in Lethbridge last week,
the true account of which was given
in the Fernle telegram published in
the Clarion of April 5th.
The candidates who accepted the
nomination to run as "Labor" men
were Clem. Stubbs, J. O. Jones and
W. Symonds, the latter a local "labor-
leader." Stubbs and Symonds are re-
as withdrawing in favor of
Stubbs spoke eulogizingly of
who was to prepare the circular, was
called away suddenly from Athens to
Constantinople and kept out of touch
with us for more than a fortnight.
Hence the delay in the appeal.
The situation in Greece, in consequence of the mobilisation is no less
critical and acute than In the rest of
the Balkans. The whole country is
suffering from the devastating effects of war due to loss of employment, dispersion and deaths.
In Greece, as in other belligerent
countries, our propaganda has been
particularly crippled, and our Socialist labor centre at 40, Rue Ptree, Athens, as well as its branches In the
provinces, must soon be closed
through lack of funds.
The work already achieved during
peace, in spite of difficulties, is most
excellent. Socialist thought has so
deeply penetrated public opinion that
it has overcome the former repugnance
of the Greek nation to the ideal of the
United Balkan Peoples, and has even
created a certain amount of public
opinion in favor of pursuing that ideal
along our lines.
Among the signal achievements of
the Greek Socialist Party may also be
(1) The pressure which it has exerted upon the political parties so as
to oblige them to pass factory laws,
such as they are; and
(22) The satisfactory agitation of
the woman's question.
The splendid campaign of the last
five years is now threatened. The jin-
golst elements flnd the moment opportune to injure us by spreading rumors that as we are antl-mllitarists,
we are Inimical to the welfare of the
Owing to the recent imposition of
martial law, freedom of speech is suspended. This increases the difficulty
of our propaganda, which must cease
by next June unless help be forthcoming.
As stated in the telegram from Calgary in last week's Issue, the Trades
and Labor Council endorsed Burge,
the Socialist Party candidate in North
Calgary. The Alberta Federationist
confirms this, and the comment accompanying it displays the fact that
L. T. English, the editor, takes a licking badly. \
The issue contains a lull page ad.
of the Conservative candidates in Calgary, with their portraits. The portraits of two Vancouver trade-union
officials. Jas. H. McVety and R. P.
Pettepiece, adorn the front page, but
as the cuts have probably been ln the
office of the paper since its first appearance, it woutd be unfair to accept
it as evidence that they endorse the
policy of the paper.
A letter appears from a member of
Lethrldge Local No. 18, S. P. of C,
taking exception to the nomination of
Com. J. R. Knight because the'1,000
workers In the constituency (but not
members of the party) were not consulted, and refers to Edwin T. Smith
a member of Diamond City Local, as j
a better man. This Smith was recently referred to In Cotton's Weekly as
"our man." Tbe letter also contains
the assertion that two members of the
Lethbridge Local of the S. P. 0, were
delegates to the Trades and Labor
convention to assist In the formation
of a new political party. To us that
appears to be a bare-faced He, and
does not fit ln.
The Smith referred to has been
working for tbe nomination on the
Socialist ticket in the Lethbridge District for months past, and has consequently been disappointed. However,
be has not given up bis hopes of political advancement, for an inside paragraph announces that he will be the
farmers' candidate in the Yetwood
District, running as a Socialist.
On the whole, the situation is decidedly interesting, and our men
(especially Fitz) must be having the
time of their lives.
Already we have been compelled to
discontinue our weekly organ Erevna.
It has been published at great loss for
the last two years (and at a still greater sacrifice since the mobilisation.)
The editor hopes to resume its publication as a monthly periodical after the
war is over, when a new public will
have to be created, as the greater num
ber of Its subscribers have been lost
sight of.
It is our strong conviction that as
soon as the new condition of affairs resolves itself into a Balkan Federation
a new era will dawn for the Socialist
cause in the Near Kast. M~~
We appeal to our comrades of all
nationalities, to send us contributions
towards a fund for either of the above
objects, I. e.:
(a) The maintenance of our centre
in Athens;
(b) The publication of Erevna; or
(c) For both.
All   donations   should   be   sent  by
money order, postal order or American
paper money to the vice-president of
the Greek Socialist Party, Miss Felicia Scatcherd, (hon. treasurer), 14
Park Square, Regent's Park, London,
England, who will duly acknowledge
all remittances.
before a judge and jury in Sudbury
on April 26th„ they would not take
any chance on Magistrate Torrence's
idea of justice.
The mine owners demanded that
some of the strikers must go to prison
and that the Miners Union muBt be
put to expense defending its members
in the courts, but we feel satisfied
that the trials of these men will show
that attempts are being made to railroad Innocent men to prison. It is a
crime to go on strike without giving
the masters sufficient notice so that
they can import scabB and thus not
j lose any profits. The courts are depended on to "deliver the goods" for
the mine owners. ,
The three men to be tried are
charged with being members of an
unlawful assembly in a public, place,
namely, in the Bank Saloon, Tlmmins.
Five strike-breakers from the Holllng-
er Mine filled up on whiskey and apparently acting under instructions
to start a row with the strikers came
into the Bank Saloon. The proprietor
of the saloon said that they appeared
to be intoxicated, and even the strikebreakers admitted that they had been
drinking and were feeling pretty good.
The evidence went to show that what
occurred was nothing more than an
ordinary saloon brawl and that some
of the men held for trial took no part
in it, but then they are strikers and
that is apparently sufficient grounds
to condemn them.
The appeal In the "Lemieux Act"
cases was held before Judge Kehoe on
March 26th. at Golden City. These
are the cases against Cleary, Holo-
watsky and Croft for inciting to go
on strike and for going on strike,
whom the Government was forced to
release from prison by the protest of
the working class. Magistrate Tor-
rence had sentenced them to prison
for ninety and sixty days respectively.
Judge Kehoe had taken the cases
tinder advisement and will give his
decision on April 5th.
We earnestly urge all men to stay
away from Ontario mining districts
and especially not to come to the
Porcupine District. The strike takes in
all of the employees In the mining industry in all the crafts, trades and occupations. If you come into this district at the present time looking for
work you will be aiding the mine-
owners to break the strike.
We ask you to give us your earnest
assistance to secure liberty for the
four men who were unjustly sent to
the Central Prison, Toronto, if there
was any doubt in your mind as to
their guilt the action 'of the Government officials In these recent cases j
should remove It.
The strikers are determined ""to win j
the battle and are confident of victory.
We ask you to do your duty to pro-
serve what little liberty we have left. I
Yours for Emancipation,
Socialist Patty Directory
Socialist tarty of Canuda, meets llrst
and mini Sundays, :', p.m., at 616
Mali. St    J. 11. Burrough, Secretary.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada meets same aa above.
Socialist Purty of Canada, meeta every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. Kast. Burt E. Anderson, Secretary, Box 647, Calgary.
s.  P. of o,--Uusinesa meetta/f'88.
seoond Sunday of the month and     n
and um.
  toutth .Sunday.
Temple,   at "2   p:   m." 8eoretarvab?J
Anderson, Barnet, B. Q     oorelary.   P.
pagunda meeting every
Open to everybody at Room'
O;   Bo.
Finish.       Meet*    every    sernn.i
fourth   Thursdays    ln   the   mon-,, U"U
2216 Pender St. Eaat.   Ovla Llnd  St"!
SA8KATCHEWAW PBOVI1ICIAL EXECUTIVE, S. 9. ot C, Invites all comrades residing In Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters. Address D. McMillan,
112 Main St., So. Hill, Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice:—This card ls Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested ln tho Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Kurby
St., Winnipeg, t_	
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Bay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box
49L Glace Baj\_N.S.	
LOCAL VAHCOUVEB, Ho. 89, 8. P. Of C.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dune-
miilr street. Business meeting on tlrst
of every month at 8 p.m. Secretury,
.1. McMillan, Labor Temple. Vancouver,  B;_C.	
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hull every Sunday at 7:00
Business meeting third Sunduy In each
month, V.LIO p.m. Economic class every Sunday ufternoon at 2:30. Albert
E.  Hurt,  Secretary, Box 139.	
LOCAL BOBSLAHD, Ho. 96, 8. 9. of C,
meets In Miners' Hull every Sunday ut
7.30   p.m.     E,   Campbell,   Organiser.
Will   Jones,  Secretary,  F    .   126. l*ln-
nlsh  branch meets  in  (-"inlanders' Hall
Sundays at 7.30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary,   Box   61,   Hossland.   B.' C.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, Ho. IB, 8. P. of
C, holds propaganda meetings every i
Sunduy ufternoon at 2,30 In Crahan's I
Hall. A hearty invitation Is extend- I
ed to all  wage slaves within reach  of,
us to attend our meetings,    Business'
meetings  are  lield   the  first  and   third
i     Sundays   of  each   month  at   10.30   am.
In  the   same   hall.     Party   organisers
I     take  notice.    T.  W.   Brown,  Secretary.
P. of C.    Business meetings at Socialist  headquarters   fourth  Thursdays  of
each month.    II. V. Gayiuan, Secretary.
LOCAL VXOTOBIA, Ho. 8, st 9. ot c7,
headquarters and reading room 673
fates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting
Sundny. 8 p.m., Empress Theatre.
No. 61. meets every Friday night at
8 o'clock In Public Library room. John
Mclnnis. Beoretary* Andrew Allen, Organizer.
LOOAL     COLBMAH,     ALTA.,     HO     -,
Miners' Hall and Opera House •.,",„'•
ganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the «..,
and third Sundays of the month "Bifl
ness meetings on Thursday event,!,
following propaganda meeting, nt V
Organizer, T. Steele. Coleman All..
Secretary, Jaa. Qlendennlng Box «V
Coleman, Alta, Visitors may rici.lv.'
Information any day at Miners' H«n
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 68 SSii
mun, Alta. '   ""-*
P. of C. Headquarters 622 l-lrst'sT"
Business and propaganda meeting
every Wednesday at 7.30 p.m jhara
Our reading room is open to the ml,
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 D,m ,i',iiv
Secretary. J. A. S. Smith, 622 ""
St.; Organizer, W. Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Balur
day evening at 8 o'clock ut tiie head
quarters, 134 Ninth Ave. West ii"
S.   Maxwell,   Secretary,   Box   C47
every Sunday, Trades Hull, sun ,,,"
Business meeting, second Friday h
p.m., Trades Hall. W. B. Bird r>n
Del.,  Secretary.
8. P. of C. Meets everv Bunday at
3:30 p.m. In Miners' Hull. SecreUry
Sam Larson, 1411 3rd Ave. \ -.v,','
Devoir, Organizer.
LOOAL MOOSE JAW, HO. 1, 8. P. of C
Business meeting und aoonomlc cla-ui
every Wednesday evening ut Com |j
McMillan's, 32 Main St., K" Hill Prop!
ugunda meeting every Sunday, 8 p, ni.
at the Hex Theatre. Secretary, Win'
Harrison, 106 Maple St. Organizer, a
8. P. of C—Headquarters, Labor Tern.
pie. Business masting every Satui.
day, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting i-v-
cry Sunduy ot s o'clock In the lircom.
land Theatre, Main Street. Secretary,
It. ('.  McCuteheoii,  87  LUgmur St.
LOCAL OTTAWA HO. 8, 8. P. of C-
Btlsiness meetings the tlrst Bunday In
mouth In the Labor Hull, 211* Bank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary, A. liencn-
solin, 2SI Laurier Ave. Organiser,
A. Q.  McCallum.     Recording son tar\\
wm.  McCallum
tlme—Headquarters In Kokiu-lu illk.,
Commercial St Open every eicnlnf.
Business mid Propaganda meeting hi
headquarters every Thursduy ut 8 p.m
Hariild <!.   It«.ss.   Secret-nry,   Box
ut C. Headquarters ut Miner-' Hall
Business meetings every llrst and second Sunday In the month. N D,
Thuchuk, Secretary, Box 167. 1'1-miiore,
C. Business meeting every Sunday,
afternoon at 2:00 p.m. ln Socialist
Hnll opposite Post Oillce. Economic
classes held Tuesday und Friday, 7
p.m. Propaganda      meeting     every
Sunday, 3 p.m. Headquarter*: Socialist Hall, opoaite post oillce. Financial
Secy., Thonjas Carney; Corresponding
Secretary, Joseph Naylor.
LOCAL VAHCOUVEB Ho. 1, 8. 9. ot O.
Business   meeting every  Tuesday  evening   ot    Headquarters,   213   Hastings!
St.   Fast,     fit,  ltahlm,  Secretary. I
Dominion Execu-
^^^^^^^^     live Comssittee
To Ixieals, 35c each, or $8.60 doz.
To Executive Committees, $:'. doz.
Empress Theatre   Geo. E. Boomer Speaker
Vancouver, B.C. 8 pjn.
The Conscription Act passed by the
Labor Government ia one of the worst
pieces of legislation now ln force In
Australia. Thousands of boys have
been subjected to military confinement against their will and hundreds
have been fined or sent to jail. Every
week a dozen or more boys are tried
at the various courts for falling to attend drills. Cases of boys who have
been the only support of the family
r.nd have been fined for not attending
drills are numerous.
Subscribe for The Western Clarion.
The Dominion Executive have the fol-
lowlug llteraturo for sale. (Published
by  the  party.):
"The attitude of the average voter
is like that of the Indian who, on being asked how be found his way over
a frozen bay to his island reserve, replied: "Dog follow track-—me follow
dog." The political leader follows the
track and the voter follows his leader."
The strike Is still on and the Btruggle Is still on: The Judicial authorities ln their zealous devotion to the
mine owners in order to crush the
strike have reached the summit. On
March 13th. nine strikers were arrested and charged with assaulting five
strike-breakers from the Holllnger
mine. These nine men were kept in
custody at Timml*is until March 28th„
when the trial was to be held.
Now let ub see what occurred when
Ihe time for trial came and the Interested parties appeared at the "Capitalist" bar of justice, and see how
that justice is administered in Porcupine. The trial commenced at one
o'clock on March 28th. and what do we
hear—Magistrate Torrence says that
the men are to be tried, not for assault, which was the charge placed
against them, but for taking part In
an unlawful assembly. Counsel for defense and all who were present were
astonished; the accusation was for assault and immediately when court
opened the charge was changed. Counsel for the defense arose and protested that he had prepared to defend his
clients on the charge that had been
placed against them; Protests, however, did not avail, that was the way
the powers that be wanted lt and that
Is the way it had to be.
The trial began and the evidence
showed that no crime had been committed by accused men brought before the court, showed that Innocent
men were kept weeks in custody. The
magistrate was forced to acquit the
following: H. Petonett, John Cassidy,
Alix. GButhler, and Joe Roberts. A.
Hollowell was let go by paying the
court costs, John Skinner, Chris Kipp
and Prank Bowers were held to appear
To   Individ-
per 100
a copy
Manifesto S.  P. of C	
What l«  Socialism?*'
Socialism and FnlonTsm'
25e per dozen.
Struggle   for   I-Lxlstence"'
....   1.00
26c per dosen,
State   and   Government*..
.... 1.00
2bo pel* iloz'n.
Value,  Price and  Profit*„
... 2.00
30c per dozen
•Kxpress   charge*  added.
To (executive
Locals      Committees
Due   Stamps         10.10 $0.06
Platforms, English 26 .20
Platforms, Foreign 60 .40
Dues Cards     1.00 .SO
Constitutions       1 He each 1.00
(Above prices per 100)
Receipt   Books    05 each ,I0dOS
Warrant   Books    26 each l.SOdoS
Muttons  (purty)   3.60 doz. 8.00dOS
do,  to Individuals  60 each
has the following cloth-bound books on
sale. Make all money orders payable to
W. Wilson, 213 Hastings HI. E, Vancouver,   B,  C.
Capital,   vols.  1,  2  and  3 $2.00
The   Eastern  Question   (Marx)   2.00
Critique of Pol. Economy (Marx) 1.00
Ancient Lowly, vol. 1 and 2 (Ward)   1.60
Ancient   Society   (Morgan)  1.50
Materialistic  Conception  of History'
(Cabriole)       1.00
Philosophical   Kasays   (Dletzgen)   1.00
Industrial      History      of     England
(Rogers)      2.00
Students'   Marx   (Avellng)   1.00
50-cent Books
Science  und  Revolution   (Untermann.)
The World's Revolutions (Untermann.)
Social I sin,   Its   Qrowth   und   Outcome
(Max   **-.   Morris.)
Socialism   for Students   (Cohan.)
Evolution of Property (Lafargue.)
Right To Tie Lazy,  ICtc   (Lafargue.)
Class Struggle (Kantsky.)
Militant   Proletariat   (Austin   Lewis.)
Making of the World  (Myors.)
End of the World  (Myers.)
Value, Price and Profit  (Marx.)
Revolution     and     Counter-Revolution
Memoirs of Karl Marx  (Llebknechl.)
Landmarks  of   Scl.   Socialism   (Duch-
Origin of the Family  (Engels.)
Sociulism, Utopian and Sclcntlllc  (Engels.)
Germs of Mind tn Plants.
(Prlcea Include express chat-gun)
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Cannda, in convention assembled, afllrtn
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of tlic
revolutionary working clasp.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belon*.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of
the meanB of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
80 long as the capitalist clasB remains In possession of the reins
of government all the powers of'the State wtll be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production und
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an, ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
Tho Interest of the working cIiish Ilea In the direction of setting
ItBelf free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which I* 1 leaked tho robbery of the working class at tne
point of production. To accrflupl'Bh this ii-ces-iilutes the transforms
tlon of capitalist property In the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interest between the capitalist and
the waiker Is rapidly culminating in u Btruggle (or possession of tne
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, tin- worker to secure it
by political action.   This is the class Btruggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workerH to organize under the banner
of the Socialist l'urty of Canada, with the object of conquering, tne
public powers for the purpose of Betting up und enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly aa possible, of capltallHt pmi1
erty in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, rallrouds, etc.) Into the collective property of th» working clam*
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry M
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily us possible, of production f<*r
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to (IiIh 'l'l,'i,
tlon Ita guiding rule of conduct: Wlll this legislation advance tne
Interests of the working class und aid the workers In their cIubb struf"
gle agalnBt capitalism? if It will, the Socialist Party is for It; If H
will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges il***'1'
to conduct all the public affairs placed In its hands In such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
"FST ,N B.C CK***     '
5 Yearlies- $3.75
» in    \\\      \  \ \'. - - >  i )  ■   \.'-\ SATURDAY APRIL 19, 1913
This page is devoted to reports of Executive Committees, Locals, and
General Party Matters. Address all communications to J. H. Burrough.
Secretary, G16 Main 8t.L Vancouver, H. C.
Clagary, March 14. 1913
The   past   few   years  has   seen   a
treat growth in the Socialist sentiment
throughout the  Province of Alberta,
and a consequent acceleration of party
actlvity, indicated by the formation of
new locals, increased membership, and
greater demand for propaganda
speakers and party organizers.
This Increase In party activity has
Imposed upon your Executive a correspondingly greater burden—one which,
by the way, they arc not loath to bear
- and evidence is being furnished daily
0f the need of a properly equipped provincial office, in charge of a salaried
secretary who can devote his entire
time to the work of the party; who can
personally answer every letter, arrange
meetings In all parts of the province
for locals desiring speakers, arrange
dates for organisers throughout the
province, and keep in touch wltb them
at all points in their routes.
This cannot be done by a secretary
who is obliged to work at some occupation for a livelihood, attending to the
ever-increasing correspondence and
the multitude of details connected with
the office in spare moments, and at Use
same time give the affairs of the party
die care and attention that is due to
their importance.
At the present your Executive is unable, by the old, haphazard methods, to
properly do the work asisgned to it.
The Province of Alberta is large,
and. though we have the word of Comrade O'Brien tbat lt is the "best organized in the Dominion," which is
largely due to his efforts and not be-
cause of assistance rendered by the
Alberta Executice In the past, yet It
must be more thoroughly and systematically organized, a work which can
be adequately done only by an Execute which has its fingers, so to speak,
upon every part of the province.
The future holds much in store for
the Socialist movement in Alberta, as
well as the Dominion, and the neces-
for   preparedness   to   meet   the
the proper handling of provincial party matters?
22nd. If so, are you in favor of a
monthly assessment being levied upon
the Alberta membership on a per capita basis for the purpose of meeting
the necessary expenses?
3rd. Or, are you in favor of each
Local in Alberta contributing to a
"Contingent Fund," a stated sum per
month for the same purpose, as a Local, and to which individuals could
Your Local is hereby requested to
take a referendum vote upon the foregoing propositions at the earliest possible date, and forward results of vote
on the enclosed "return form'' to the
Trusting that your Local will take
immediate action upon this matter and
communicate their decision, I am,
Fraternally your comrade,
To the Alberta Provincial  Executive
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada:
The following ia the result of the
vote taken by this Local upon the
Referendum submitted by the Alberta
Executive, viz.:
First Proposition.
For,    Against    No. Voting	
Second   Proposition.
For    Against    No. Voting	
Third Proposition.
For    Against    No. Voting	
The above is a correct tally of the
votes   cast   by   Local No	
BY  J.   R.   KNIGHT.
Editor Clarion—DoubtlesB many of
the reds in Western Canada have
come in contact with that type of Individual who is never tired of telling
how they do things in the old country,
or in the United States, or back east,
but who rarely, if ever, knows anything of tbe movement in this country. Question him and you find that
his Socialism resolves itself into a
municipal milk supply, a minimum
wage bill, an eight-hour day and a
right to work.
Wanting to know if the S. P. of C.
membership were too possessed of
such "revolutionary" Ideas, I decided
to take a trip from Edmonton to the
west coast. Trusting myself to the
tender mercies of the "Old Scout" (C.
M. O'Brien) 1 was soon made acquainted with the difficulties that beset an organizer in the mountain province.
Time will not allow me to make a
very exhaustive report just now, but
when on my homestead in the Arctic
regions again will write a few articles on my experiences among the
metaliferouB miners and fruit growers.
In all I held 45 meetings, viBited 30
Locals and organized at Creston and
Pentlcton. A few of the dead Locals
I was able to resustlcate, but in most
cases their demise was caused by the
membership having to seek that very
elusive Job in other fields.
Wherever  I   went   1   was  besieged
with questions aB to when the Clarion
was going to appear and that in itself convinced me that a Socialist in
Western Canada is really red, and 1
! am  satisfied  that  if  our  method  of
! propaganda  does  not  appeal  to  the
briefless  lawyer,  the  socialistic   parson,   or   harmonize   with   the   quack
: nostrums of the laborites, it will be
; the means of building up a membership  not  to  be   swayed   by   impulse
governed   by  their  knowledge.  Num-
; hers are not necessarily a guage of
• the strength of a Socialist party, especially if composed largely of the petty
ing told at the same time that we
must not speak politics on Sunday
night in the saintly city of St. Kltts;
any other night would be all right.
However we finished our meeting ln
our club rooms at 110 St. Paul street.
We sold quite a few pamphlets and
got a good collection. This finished
the flrst skirmish with the enemy ln
St. Kltts, which resulted in the best
piece of advertising we have ever got.
Now we can got out to the corner
any night that is at all favorable and
get a good crowd and a good collection. The slaves are drinking in the
dope fine, and everything seems to be
coming our way in the saintly city at
Merriton, Therald and Welland are
all towns within easy reach of this
city, and we expect to form Locals
there as soon as the spring opens up.
If any of the Locals of the S. P. of
C. are suffering with a spell of dry
rot, get out and have a scrap with the
police and keep out of prison If you
can. Remember a dead hero is no
good for our movement.
A. H. G.
Notes  Taken   From  the  International
Socialist of Sydney,  Australia,
Regarding the Australian
Labor  Party.
"There are now thousands of unemployed in all the cities of the Commonwealth. The lodging houses are overcrowded, several families being compelled to Inhabit each house. The
landlord and the proflt   monger   are
But by no means does the Great
Hope shine only from the soul of
Jesus. There ls no race or nation that
has been without it; nor ever has its
voice been altogether silent It haa
never been without its witnesses upon the world's walls. There has been
no revolution or religion that has not
borne its harness. It has always had
its apostles. The reported sayings of
Lao-tzu, centuries before Christ,   had
jubilating, and are urging the Labor [ the Great Hope as their care.   It was
Editor Clarion:—In a recent Issue of
the Clarion you have an article, "What
Ails Us." In your remarks on that
subject you note the apparent apathy
of the S. P. C. membership and offer
some explanations. The most potent
cause for apathy, to my mind, Ib not
touched upon.
This cause is compromise, or lack
of direct purpose. The platform of
the S. P. C. ia nearly perfect.   At least
Government not to relax ln their efforts to promote immigration. They
revel in what is disastrous to the
The Australian Labor Government
has lined up with the capitalists. They
are not satisfied with conscription
and the building of a navy, but they
are advertising far and wide for
immigrants and thousands of those
already here are hunting jobs.
Freedom of speech Is not allowed
in Australia, that is if you are bucking the Government, and so we find
the miners, Socialists and Industral-
ists lying in the Wollongong jail for
daring to speak on the streets.
The Australian miners, almost to
a man, are opposed to the Labor Gov-
long ago preached and practiced on
the hilltops of Burma, la the forests
of India. Isaiah and Hosea and Mala-
chi uttered It in voices that would be
silenced by the police of New York
or Paris or London. Some of its moat
beautiful expressions, in word and
action, proceed from the early Shinto
Buddhists of Japan. Old Mohammedan prophets proclaimed it ln Asia;
and later, it lit the fires of peasant insurrections in Europe. Some of ita
sublimest and truest preachments are
from the squalid yet splendid soul of
Jean Jacques Rousseau. In harsh and
hard materialist terms, yet truthfully
and tremendously and effectually, did
Karl Marx state The Great Hope also;
and the Socialist movement is its mod-
ernment, and they have/good reasons, I ern and mighty asostolate.   Some day
..       ..   '    ..-     ..,..! . f
when one considers the action of that
Government in some recent strikes.
"The Clerks Union, of Sydney have
found out that Federal Labor Minister
O'Malley, has let a contract to a
Sydney firm for the addressing of
6,000,000 Referendum pamphlets, and
that the work is being done by girls
at 30 shillings a week, whereas the
it is explicit and stands straight out, Me-bounie award rate ig 45 8ht*iingB.
for the Social Revolution, and the only L^ Uni(m cong-ders that preference
way for the workers to attain it, that I hou,d haye been glvefl tQ unempi0yed
la for
the class struggle.   ^^^^^^^^
The insidious attempts being made
needs of a growing movement
duly thrust upon us as party  memberB.
Furtherraore.s provincial election
are pending, which, aside from the
posslblity of electing Socialist candidates ln various districts, offer a splendid opportunity for propaganda-an
opportunity which must not *be neglected.
Will the locals of the S. P. of C. in
Alberta express their opinions on this
important subject, and indicate their
willingness, or not, to assess the membership for the purpose of providing
the barely necessary expenses of a provincial office?
An assessment of 20c per month per
capita, or a donation of, -*ay, $3.00 per
month from each local, would permit
the S P. of C. In Alberta to have a
paid provincial secretary who could
then devote his entire time to the
work of the party.
The assessments, we believe, could
in a short time bo dropped, as the Increase In membership and per capita
which would result from the new policy, would provide the funds out of
which a provincial office could bo
Hoping to hear from you as booh as
pimslble ln order that there be no o>
Comraue W. Gribble will start on
his tour to the East about the latter bourgeoise, when they, as a rule, de-
end of May or the beginning of June, velop a reform bug and become reac-
His route will be along the main ltn? j tionary, thereby constituting a drag
to RevelBtoke, from there through the on the Socialist movement, as were
Crow's Nest into Alberta. I the liberal democrats during the Par-
Secretaries of Locals concerned will : is commune; so let our aim be a pure-
please take notice. I ly   proletarian   party   and   its  slogan
A meeting of the Do:n. and Prov.
Executives  is  called  for  April  20th., .^	
none being held on April 6th, owing to by the Democratic Reform party to
the business having been cleaned up j discredit the S. P. of C. Is but a stlm-
on the last Sunday In March. ■, 1"ub to more strenuous effort, as evl-
  . denced  by  the  organization  of four-
Calgary, Alta, April 3 1913.   teen more locals ln Alberta since the
Dear Comrade: • * • Malcolm  Mc-   laBt report*   ,n concluusio*1' Corarade
Editor, I would say that it is the con-
Nell ia running on the Socialist ticket cengug „- oplnion of the comradeB -i
In Stettler District, and George Paton \ have met while on tour that we ignore'1
in the adjoining Red Deer District, i the contemptible tactics ot the "all
both being assisted by Vince Frod- \ things for all people" party and devote
sham. Alf. Budden has been uotnin- j the columns of the Clarion to propa-
ated In the new Little Bow constitu- j ganda and lf the paper canont be
ency in which Barons local is situate, continued without the aid of begging
and he has a good bunch to assist him. j letters, false pretense and benevolent
Kntght is tn the thick of the fight at j landlords, dispense with it.
Lethbridge, with a Liberal-Labor can-      Yours for Socialism,
dldate In the person of J. O. Jones ' J. R. KNIGHT
Editor    Clarion,—Eneiosed    please
find   postal   note   value   seventy-flve
is, conquest of political power
To my mind a party with such a
platform ahould live up to it. What
disgusts straightforward revolutionaries, is this truckling to reformers
(and "mark timers") that has been
characteristic of the S. P. C. In the
past. Many members have been admitted that were not qualified to join
a real Socialist organization. That
may or may not have been necessary
when the S. P. C. was the only organization professing Socialism in Canada, but such is not now the case.
I do not assert that every applicant
for membership, should be a well read
clerks of whom there are a number
in the city. The Union, however,
should know by this time that Labor
Ministers with Capitalist minds must
prefer the cheaper labor; and to get
cheap labor immigration and female
labor must be resorted to."
At a special business meeting of the
Fernie Local, No. 17, the follow resolutions were passed:
That a special donation of fifty dollars be sent to Comrade Knight's agent
at Lethbridge to assist  them In the
Marxian, but I do assert that when a  campaign.
president of the Alberta Federation of
Labor, in the field against him. O'Brien
is at it in  Rocky Mountain, with L. I,,uu   *■*-*■"-<"        	
**** _.__ „„„    Mo | cents, for one year's  subscription to
the Western Clarion.
Am very pleased to see that it is
being published once more, m I consider lt the best Socialist paper in
Canada, and hope that it will get the
support it deserves.
Hoping it will continue to hand out
the real revolutionary stuff, I remain,
Yours in revolt,
F. W. A.
worker signs the S. P. C. application,
he accepts the position of the party,
and if by reason of his studies, or by
lack of such, he no longer accepts the
S. P, C. position he should at once
Further, admittance to the S. P. C.
should not end the applicant's studies
of Scientific Socialism, but should be
a spur to greater study, till he has
mastered the subject and Is exactly
sure of his position.
The executive   of the S. P. C. has
either betrayed the confidence of thelble pertaining to the progress of the
E. Drake as campaign manager. He
iB being assisted at the present by
Mushkat and Cassidy, and we expect
to run a couple of the coast speakers
in there also. O'Brien's chances look
good. \
Will be glad to arrange dates for
our old friend and comrade, Wilfrid
Gribble, and hope ou will let us know
In plenty of time when he starts. Give
ub date of hte laat meeting in B. C.
Is there any possibility ot him coming
before  election?
The Executive has two typewriters
c   111   w.mw.    -  . lilt,     HHVHW<«	
lay in taking the fullest advantage Oil      ^^ ftnd , am „p t0 ray ears
the coming   election   campaign,   we
lave Instructed the secretary to suu-
rait the enclosed list of questions for
your local to vote upon, and return,
as we are awaiting your action.
Fraternally your comrades
H. ADIE, Chairman.
Socialist Party of Canada
Calgary, March 14
To ; Local No	
Comrades:-— ,      .,_.„„
At a special meeting of tho above
Executive, held March 11, I   vvas resolved to submit the following questions to all Locals ln Alberta. vW.t
1st.   is your Local in favor of estab
llshing a provincial office of the b.
P. of C. In Alberta, with a paidMO
retary to devote his time whoU^o
work  at   that.    I  am  so  confounded
busy, und have so many things on my
mind, that  I cannot write coherently.
Secy. Alberta B. E. C.
To The Farmers of the Settler Electoral District.
Toronto, Ont., March 24th, 1913.
Editor Clarion—The article in the
March 8th Issue of The Clarion commenting ou the general stagnation of
the party In general, throughout the
Dominion of Canada at leaBt, let me
make some comment on the same.
To my way of thinking, J. H. B., ae he
signs himself, is too niuch of a theo-
rist. Apparently he believes In waiting till the economic conditions are
ripe (Mahomet and the mount); but
the mount  didn't come to Mahomet,
members of the revolutionary organization, or knowing the majority of
the membership to be purposeless nonentities, have acted in accordance with
their wishes.
If the S. D. P. of C is an opposition party let the S. P. C. oppose it
as it does other capitalist parties. If
it is not an opposition party, as the
actions of some of the party members
seem to warrant, then why dual organizations?
That the S. D. P. is under no delusion in legard to its relationsrip
with the S. P. C. is evident by the
spasms of friend Cotton, and more
recently by a spasm of Dr. Curry
the "World", March 8th.
Workers of the world unite!    You  and the working ^^!£™»
,ve nothing to lose but your chains . us.^ That ^^^^^
and a world to gain!
Human society la composed of two
clusseB, one class who si
luxury  and  live  without  working
Concert and Dance
•AT0SDAT.  A**"1,"      fc
H-nflt-r   (take  ■estlngre   **•*
oar to Tempi tt on Drlv*)
Admin-lion   to   Members   of   the
Ward Organisation**
Taw OMTt*
rTon-ra.mb.ri  Twenty-five  C«nt».
Good songs, good mimic, and a
good time guaranteed.
of the name.
Now, Mr. Farmer, to which class do
yot. belong? Not having the privilege
to fix a price on the commodities that
you help to produce, it goes to show
that you do not own them.
The class that own and control the
elevators, railroads, packing houses,
nnd all the means of wealth production, own and control our products.
He who owns the means whereby I
live owns my life.
Undemanding your position in Society, if you do not vote for your class
you are a traitor to your class, a
tyrant to civilization nnd a foe to humanity.
Who are not receiving their copies
, regularly   are   requested   to   forward
,their complaints to the office of this
paper at 516 Main St.
Cumberland, B. C, April 8th, 1913.
Comrade Editor: —
Please flnd enclosed $3.00 for subs,
and am still confident of landing some
more before I am through, as the
workers are beginning to realize that
the Clarion is the paper that represents  their interest.
Well, everybody is beginning to get
down and, study their position in so-
    clety. and you can bet that the next
*t" IT Ul IU     t     BBMmWB ***-—     v-*»>
Curry knocks the S, P. C. and uses  time  an   election   comes  off  in  this
S. P. C. speakers to draw crowds for | W* of the country it will surely sur-
the S. D. P.   If that Is'nt "putting one I Pass all °-h*?rs as far as the polls are
over"  the  S.   P.  C.  then   "I'm  from
In attempting to show that the S.
P. C. Is "making progress backwards"
on some brave morning of man, perhaps dawning out ot terrible night,
will Socialism prove itself the maker
of a wealthier world. And, after Socialism has done its work, other hands
will take the torch of The Great
Hope and bear it on, leading the race
into still profounder health and happiness.
It Ib true that, even until now, the
Hope whereof I speak has always been
betrayed.   Whenever it has neared a
partial or local realization, it has been
seized upon and made to serve those
whose power and property rested upon
its non-realization.   Yet despite disappointment and defeat, the vision of a
truly  free  and   happy  earthly  state
abides, and there have always been
eyes to see it.   There are always eyes
that behold a world in which an effectual good will is the law of personal
relation and   social   administration;
that behold men working together and
no man governing another;  that behold common necessities produced by
I common labor, each sharing the product according to his desire and capacity, each doing the thing that ls the
expression   of  himself;   that  behold
even death becoming obvious enlargement of lite, an irradlant self-discovery.   The hope of such a world Is indeed  the  axis, acknowledged or denied, on which the noblest dreaming
and doing revolve.   With some it has
risen into a burning faith.   With some
it has been but hope   and   nothing
more.   With others it has fallen into
a sad and hopeless wish; and though
they still walked bravely, It has been
with  dragging   feet  and   under  iron
skies.   However it comes, despised and
unrecognized,   or  beckoned  and   un-
welcomed, The Great Hope lives on;
and with it rests the ultimate leadership.
Even now a fulfillment is materially
possible.   We have in hand, actually
and now,  the  known  resources,  the
wood and the iron, and the stone and
the mortar with which to raise a social
structure ineffably fair and satisfying.
It is not because we cannot build it
that  the   structure  waits;   it  is   because we will not.    The building of
The City of Man needs only the birth
of the social will, and its growth in
wisdom  and   stature.    The  prophets
of old went crying. How long, O Lord,
how long?   The prophets ot today are
asking, How long, O man, how long?
The answer rests with the Socialist
concerned.    They have  observed the, movement.    And    according   to    the
forces of Government that have been j 1ualltv of that movement, will the an-
turned out against them in this Btruggle for better conditions in which to
That our organizer be placed at the
disposal of the Rocky Mountain and
Lethbridge Ridings at our expense during the Alberta campaign.        ,
That the offer of Michel Miners' Union to back us up to the extent of $100
in connection with funds for the Alberta campaign be accepted and that
their representative, Comrade Brown,
be asked to tender he thanks of our
Local to the miners of Michel.
That we ask the editor of the District Ledger to publish all news possi-
election in Alberta,	
That we wire to the executives of
Rocky Mountain and Lethbridge Ridings asking for books for the purpose
of collecting funds to assist in the
campaign. ALBERT HRT,
was   those Con-
swer be true or false. According to
whether or no the Socialist revolution
is real; whether or no it pledges Itself
Curry shows that he has "progressed i work  under,  and  lt   „„       _
backwards" to the limit; or else was servatives  that are representing the | **° «» whole logic and responsibility
e^«         .,.,    ,__  of freedom;  whether or no it lays its
before we try to teach the wage Blave
It and revel I the only  way out of hla slavery.    I
„,,.   „.„..„„   _,  know   this  type  of   animal  and   his
and the other class who work without I haunts pretty well.   1 can well remein-
living-or at least living a life worthy j ber the flrst time I heard the man on
1 the Boap-box. The writer flrst saw
the light In the 'Peg about four years
ago. The Bpeaker, 1 think, was J. D.
Houston. The dope appealed to me
right away. Mahomet went to the
mount In this case. And so it ts with
the working class. We must go after
them all the time if we are going to
expect results.
The Ixieal In this city Is very small
and the churches nre many—aboul
four churches for every saloon—so
you can see what we are up against
in the saintly city of St. Kltts. Still
we are plugging away trying to hammer something Into the skulls of the
working class. The l/)cal was organized for almost nine months before we got courage enough to get out
and attack the enemy openly. The
flrst charge being a defeat for us, for
we were pulled off the box by the
chief of the polico. Tho crowd by this
time began to block the streets to
such an extent that we had to beat a
retreat to a vacant lot in the rear, be-
sidetracked before he knew anything] Master Class who are responsible for
about Socialism o'r the Socialist move-j those hired thugs that are stationed
ment.   Take one item, "The Antl-Po-1 here.
litical I. W. W. Is but a passing phase j foul'1 tha employers see the folly
of Industrial evolution. This Is in fact I Of prolonging this struggle, why, they
largely one of the many vicious results I would understand that the slaves
of what is known as the "Imposslblllst
A man gifted with reason might
wonder why Industrial Unionism (a
"vicious result of Impoasiblism*") wis
born and developed In the States,
where Inipossihllsm Is not. nnd where
opportunism Is. much in evidence.
And, further, he might wonder why
It flourishes mightily in countries like
America. France, and England, notod
for their Opportunist, Social Democratic and Labor Parties, and find it
hard to gain a foothold In Canada, so
long under the dominance of "Impos-
Verily, I think, my "intellectual
will have to "Curry more logic before he can prove to me that tho S. P.
C. Ib "progressing backwards."
However, thlB letter la not written
with the ptirpoe of dealing with Curry's arguments, I leave that to another
attempt, but I merely wIbIi to call to
the attention of the S. P. C. It apparent luck of purpose, as a reason
for apathy. Sitting n the fence never
did any good yet. Decide upon a
course of action, and then go to lt.
Subscribe for The Western Clarion,
were getting the opportunity of reading and becoming acquainted with the
real facts, which allow the Capitalists
to maintain their position on the backs
of the workers. But In their lust for
mon profits they do not recognize the
blind forces that are ln operation and
developing to the extent that the parasites are gradually nearing the grave
whicli they have dug themselves.
WARD II SOCIALISTS meet Wednesday, 30th of April, In the Labor
Temple, Dunsmuir Street, 8 p.m.
first Thursday in the month ln rooiii
Id, 213 Hastings Street East, 8 p.m.
WARD IV SOCIALISTS meet the first
Friday in the mouth, room 10, 213
Hastings  Btreet   Kast,  8  p.m.
Second Friday In the month at Coin.
McNaughton's house, 2012 Main
Street. 8 p.m.
fourth Thursday In the month at
1168—6th Ave. W„ 8 p.m.
meet on the fourth Frlduy in each
month at 137—27th Ave. W„ 8 p.m.
second and fourth Monday In month
In room 10, 213 Hastings Street
East, 8   p.m.
axe at the root of the Industrial despotism, at the despotism's disorder
and monstrous repression of man;
whether or no it follows the straight
and narrow way or the paltry and devious paths; according to this will the
Socialist movement succeed or fall to
be the deliverer of the world's workers. According to this, also, will lt
prove Itself a worthy or faithless
steward of The Great Hope.
The attempt to muzzle the editor of
the District Ledger, Fernle, by for-
bidding him to publish political news
not to the" interest of Stubbs, Jones, et
al, haB about the same effect as if they
had spat in the face of a bull-dog. The
front page of the last Issue contains
resolutions by various Locals demanding the recall of Jones, and a big
boost for the candidature of Com. C.
M. O'Brien. The inside pages are
mainly occupied by exhortations to he
slaves of Alberta to live up with their
class Interests and vote the Socialist
Say, don't you wish you were there?
Comrades Lestor and Fitzgerald are
in the Alberta scrap, the former having been wired for hy the Alberta Executive and the latter sent up by the
Dominion Executive.
Subicribe for The Westsrn Clarion.
,. ».,,-.»i» iiiihsssm-i
-_,.   ..'•       mm
To understand the history of America It ls necessary to review the
main events in Europe which had a
marked influence ln shaping our destiny here. Masses of men do not emi.
grate to another continent merely for
the love of adventure, especially when
such emigration implies a hazardous
sea voyage and the hardships of a
wilderness inhabited by savage
tribes. Influences more effective and
less romantic brought hordes of workingmen to people the New World; influences that make one of the blackest
pages in history, for they include the
crucifixion and spoliation of a wealth
producing class. They led not only
to the forcible exportation of pauper
ised workers, but. inaugurated a slave
traffic In white laborers that included kidnapping of men, women and
children in European ports and selling
them into necessary slavery in every
American colony.
We may trace the beginning of this
process with the year 1848, when the
Black Death swept over Europe. It -s
estimated that fully one-third of the
population perished of the plague
With the scarcity of laborers wages
naturally began to rise. They ros*.*
thirty and even titty per cent. Parlia
ment, under the control of the ruling
class, attempted to interfere with tho
"law of supply and demand." The famous "Statute of Laborers" provided
that wages should be the same as two
years before the plague, but the labor,
ers succeeded in evading the law. Tho
scarcity of laborers made higher
wages inevitable and the employer
connived with the laborer to violate
the statutes, as he considered himself
fortunate to have any laborers at all
Conditions for the workers became so
improved that this period became to
be known, in England, as the Golden
Age of Labor, an age when the r-igh-
est well-being known to the poor was
enjoyed. The old chroniclers frequently refer to lt as "Merrie England." From the point of view of the
hours worked and the purchasing
power of the wages received, the income of these workers was the highest ever realized. Professor Rogera
asserts that "The artisan who is de
mandlng at this time an eight-hour
day in tbe building trades Is simply
striving to recover what his ancestors
worked by several centuries ago." The
highest point reached was in the closing years of the 15th century- The
lUth century brought with it the Reformation and the beginning ot a
series of acts that robbed the laborers of their advantage and forcibly
transformed them into beggars and
The Catholic church was the proprietor of a great part of the land of
Great Britain. In fact, "the church
had become the largest land-owner in
all western Christendom, nearly one
third of all the land in German}'
France and England belonging to her
The suppression of the monasteries,
which had been a refuge for the laborers ln times of distress, threw
masses of them on the market, help.
less and dependent. The Reformation
brought with it pillage and spoliation
of church property. The estates of tbe
church were given away to favorites
of the court, or sold to speculators
who drove away the tenants. Seizure
after seizure of lands was made. It
was the beginning of an era of conquest which was to have the New
World as its greatest prize. In the
17th and 18th centuries parliament
continued the process of pauperizing
the masses by enclosing the common
lands, which had been at the disposal
of the poor. These acts simply legalized the thefts, the ruling classes
merely voting to themselves what they
There was the further process,
known as "the clearing of estates,'
which extended into the 19th century
Marx gives one classic example where
the Duchess of Sutherland, ln the first
quarter of the 18th century, with the
aid of British soldiers, rooted out 15,-
000 people and took possession of
nearly 800,000 acres of land and trans-
, formed them into a sheepwalk. The
good lady later entertained Harriet
Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's
Cabin, by way of showing her sympathy with the abolition movement in
This driving of the workers off the
land to wander as vagabonds on tin
highways had its counterpart in othe-
countries. In 1452 a similar though less
influential part was played in many
districts of Bohemia by the.fiBhponds
constructed by the landlords. If, ;>.*
Thomas Moore said, the sheep ate up
tbe peasants of England, those of Bohemia were equally devoured by
The ruling class having reduced the
workers to beggars and outcasts began
the bloody legislation on which rests
many of the fortunes of British "gentlemen" today. A few examples from
English history will suffice. A statute
of Henry VIII. in 1530 provided tbat
beggars old and unable to work should
receive a license. Whipping and im.
prlsonment v. ere provided for the able
bodied. They wore to be "tied to tho
cart tail and whipped till the blood
streams down their bodies, then to
swear on oath to go back to their
birthplace" and work.   The oath they
could not keep, as the lands were confiscated and manufacture, then In its
infancy, could not employ them. The
break-up of feudalism and the Reformation, coming ln the name of "free
dom of conscience," released all the
vilest passions of the dormant com
mercial classes, who started their
career of conquest and plunder wPh
the methods briefly outlined above.
They brought a scourge to the back
of the laborer. The generation that
came after the golden age was a landless, pauperized, vagabond host of
beggars, crowding the highways of
England, branded with irons for their
poverty by the class that had reduced
them to want, and "Merrie England"
became only a memory.
Luther Incarnated the Interests of
this pitiless ruling class. He resisted
every attempt of the lower classes to
derive any material benefit from the
Reformation, by favouring each step
taken by the princes in this direction
They were to become the owners of
the church property, not the peasants
"It is not our business to attack the
monasteries," he writes (1524*), but to
draw hearts away from them. When,
then churches and monasteries are ly
ing deserted, let the reigning princes
do with them what they please."
Luther's crusade waB the champion
ship of a new ruling class that wished
to throw off the old feudal restrictions.
It stood for a new ruling class and its
opponent defended an old one. The
religious reformation of the 16th century was not the cause, but the effect of the social reformation that foi
lowed upon the shifting of the economic centre from the moor to the
city. And that was preceded by the
rise of navigation and the discovery
of the New World and new trade
routes which indicate the rise of manufacture.
The frightful poverty of the peaa.
ants and laborers reached a depth perhaps unknown in any other country
Taine quotes La Bruyere, who wrot-*
ln 1689:
"It wlll be seen from this brief survey that all Europe was undergoing
changes that transformed the peasants
and laborers into homeless vagrants
Crowding the highways of every country, evicted from the common lands,
their numbers constantly increasing,
reduced to famine in France, cannibalism In Germany, and starving outcasts in England, they turned eager
eyes toward the New World. A virgin
continent awaited them, a land that
would serve as a basis for winning
tbe peace and comfort they had been
denied at home. But their pleasant
dreams were to be shattered. They did
rot know or suspect that the ruling
classes would even coin their dreams
into yellow gold, or that their wretched plight only served as another
means of further enrichment of their
home exploiters and for another type
that awaited them on the shores of
the Atlantic in the New World. The
victims of class rule were destined to
form the basis of a slave trade to recuperate the broken fortunes of a host
of adventurers who carried them Into
a species of slavery on American soil
that was, in some respects, as gall,
ing as that which they left behind.—
From 'The Workers in American History," by James Oneal. Published by
the National Rip-Saw, St. Louis, Miss.,
TT. S. A. (Recommended.)
(Continued from Page One.)
by previous action in organizing the
workers along educational and revolutionary lines, with no $100 a month
attached. What interests people
like Jones is not the emancipation of
the workers from their present deplorable condition, but the chestnuts that
he can pull out of the fire.
Com. Knight has proved himself a
true exponent of the great wealth producers of present day society.
What has Jones done?
Had he even organized on collections at educational meetings?
Having got your hands tied on the
industrial field he must accomplish a
similar performance on the political
field with the aid of a labor tag.
Editor Clarion:—At a Farmers' Socialist Convention held at Stretton
School House, District of Kitscoty on
April 5th, Comrade W. H. Anderson
of Dewberry was nominated to contest the constituency of Alexandra in
forthcoming Provincial Elections ln
Socialist cause. Comrade Anderson is
farming In the Constituency and Is an
Yours fraternally,
Nickel, B. C, April 7, 1913.
J. H. Burrough..
Dear Comrade:—Disregard my letter
of recent date containing revised list
of my speaking dates.
Later developments in campaign
have made it void and will likely keep
me ln Alberta several days longer
than expected at last writing.
Wlll notify you of list when It ls
drawn up and revised. I am keeping
Provincial Executive posted on my
Am working like a nigger.
The following errors were printed in
last week's paper:
Page 1.—Alberta Elections—Alexandria Nominating Convention, May 5th,
should be "April 5th,"
Page 3, Column 2, reply to S. D. P.,
Nanalmo. Third paragraph. "Socialistic" should read "Socialist."
If all the big criminals were ln prls
on we would have to turn the little
ones out for want of room.
The small merchant is between the
devil and the deep sea—the mail order house and the department store
on one side and the low wages of his
patrons on th other.
All of Com. T. S. Cassidy*s dates In
B. C. have been cancelled, he being
requisitioned for the Alberta campaign.
N. H. Munro, 87 Dagmar St., Winnipeg:—Send your new address to this
offlce, P. O. have stopped your paper.
cx-AH-osr run
5        $1
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Velge,   Q.   M	
W.  A.   S	
Davles,   I)	
McLeod.   A.   per	
Johnson,   C.  G	
Webb, E	
Shaw,   W	
Lewis,   "W	
Paterson,   Alex	
CasHin,   M	
Moon,    J.    A	
McKenzie,  F	
Collingwood,   11	
Local St. Catherine!- No. 30.
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dne to the Uutwa edition neesssltated
by  the Albaru  .notions.    A similar
edition is bein* printed this week.
Bee s. a. o.
Subscribe for The Western Clarion.
Late advices ln the Vancouver daily
press state that the railway Btrike in
N. S. W. is spreading rapidly, the Sydney suburban service being paralyzed
by lack of coal, with the prospect of
the passenger service throughout the
State being completely demoralized.
The much-vaunted "labor" government
Ib showing fresh proof of its capitalist
affiliations by the announced determination to deal wltb the trouble
"firmly." What that means its past
record shows. The railroads are state-
By Henry M. TIchenor, the Rip-Saw
You must not change your ordained
lot—a sinner from your birth—the
Lord's anointed took the pot before
you struck the earth. Be thankful for
the dollar a day on which you drink
and dine—you're really making ten,
they say—the boss rakes in the nine
Or else be thankful that they let you
rent a little patch, and that your wife
and babies get a third of what you
scratch. Of course, you look allflred
forlorn—it's natural you must—that Is
the way that you were born, a worm,
made out of dust. You're crawlln' in a
vale of tears—that's what the parsons
tell—you'll crawl here for a few short
years, and then crawl on to hell. Beelzebub has got your soul, the Plunder-
bund your skin—you're doln' well,
upon tbe whole, conslderin' the shape
you're ln.
To many who are born into the world nowadays the struggle for
existence is unknown. They come to find the table ready spread, and they
have nothing to do but ';t down and eat, with a silver spoon. Their fathers
have earned, or stolen (perhaps we should say "made") more than they will
ever require. The struggle for existence does not affect them. They wiJl
probably survive, whether they are fit or not. They escape the test of fitness
which nature imposes elsewhere, and transmit to posterity imperfections which
ought to be eliminated. There is no struggle for existence; no survival of the
fittest; and, consequently, no improvement of the species taking place among
On the other hand, those among us who are bom poor are almost as fai
removed from natural conditions. The children of the poor die, off many
times more rapidly than do the children of the rich, owing to poor food and
insanitary surroundings. They may be among the fittest, but they die nevertheless before they are old enough to take part in the struggle. Those who reach
maturity find land and capital, the sources of their food supply, monopolised by
others, and production for profit restricts their industry. They are handicapped at starting in the struggle. There is no equality of opportunity here. The
test to which they are subjected is not a fair one; and, under the circumstances,
failure does not prove them unfit to survive. Whether as affecting the poor
or the rich, the conditions are not those which prevail in a state of nature, and
in the nature of the case the results must differ as widely as do the two sett
of conditions. By means of an artificial social arrangement the process of
natural selection is thrown out of operation, and evolution brought to a standstill.    We will now deal with sexual selection.
We have already seen that in a state of nature the female selects for
mate the strongest and most courageous male. After natural selection has
done its work, sexual selection takes up the unfinished task and carries it a
step further. The powerful influence of this secondary selection in improving
the species is obvious at a glance. The choice of the female is determined
by the instinct of self-preservation. It is clear that in a state of Socialism,
with conditions similar to those prevailing in a state of nature, sexual selection
would operate as it does in a state of nature, and would therefore render"
valuable assistance in evolving a higher type of humanity. Superior physique,
courage, beauty, mental power, and moral worth would all attract the female,
and influence her choice, thus assuring to the man of the future an unlimited
degree of excellence in these qualities.    But how does sexual selection act
'9. Wis
AX*   "BBD-S*-   MOULD   *EA„
mmm. R-iEft Blatchford's
OOD   ABD  UT   raominr,.
A Critical Analysis";SwffiltXJ!.
Mailed  for  16c       tlan"-'
Kttmou,, nj'Wftr-'^
Mailed for u,c
^\*Jr\V!JS3*cno*n to
Mailed for 1 *",<■.
All  four  mailed  ror   -(l(,
Get Acquainted With the Booiall.i
New* Dealer    n''"alll*l
310 Fli-Ht Ave W0T
■artatoon     -     -     -     -     *-.,*.
Room to Rent
With or without board for two
friends. Socialists preferred. 738
Pender Street E. Phone Hish-
land 1078. 8h
A Good Place to Bat at
187 Cordova Street W
Best of Everything Properly
301 Dominion Building
Yaaooaver, B. o.
Is Reading Them
Origin of Species, Darwin a,
Life of Jesus, Renan 28c
under Capitalism today?   The instinct of self-preservation prompts the female   fthlca 0f Creat*Rellalons Gorh m!
to find a mate among the rich and the latter are not endowed to any exceptional extent with the qualities named. It may be said with safety that a
hunchback earl or duke of the poorest mental equipment has today a thousand
times better chance of begetting children than has the most gifted man who
possesses no property. The instinct of self-preservation prompts the female
to seek first of all an assured living, and it is not easy to see how this can
be found among men of no property, whose own living is precarious.-
deal exhaustively with the action of sexual selection under Capitalism would
require more space than can possibly be devoted to the point in this essay.
Doubtless various reflections will arise in the mind of the reader. For the
present it must suffice to point out that, for the rich, the production of children
is made artificially easy, and that solely because they are rich. If wealth
were a mark of superiority, this state of affairs might inspire some hope for
the future of the race; but is it? It cannot be argued that it is such tn the
case of those who are born rich, but we will consider whether those who win
their wealth do so because they are superior to their neighbours. Everything in this connection depends on the commercial value of excellence, and
excellence may be taken to be of three sorts—physical, mental, and moral.
We will deal with them in this order.
  (To be continued.)
An Irishman was sitting in a depot
smoking when a woman came in, and
sitting down beside him, remarked:
"Sir, lf you were a gentleman you
would not smoke here."
"Mum," he said, "if you wuz a lady
ye'd sit farther away."
Pretty soon the woman burst forth
"If you were my husband I'd give
you poison,"
"Well, mum," returned the Irishman, as he puffed away at his pipe,
"If you wuz my wife, I'd take lt."
"The Incentive" of "big business" is
the guide-board to hell.—Ex.
Vote as your boss tells you to, and
you'll always have a boss.—Ex.
Why vote for Capitalism and be
miserable, when you can vote for Socialism and be happy?
Little Nelly told little Anita what
the latter termed "a little fib."
Anita—"A fib is the same as a story,
and a story Is the Bame as a lie."
Nelly—"No, it's not."
Anita—"Yes, it is, because my
father said so, and my father Is a
professor at the university."
Nelly—"I dont care if he is. My
father is a real estate man, and he
knows more about lying than your
father does."
Write on one side of the paper only.
Oo not put the words or lines too close
together. Oo not abbreviate your
words. If sending more than two
sheets, number them consecutively,
leaving a margin on tire left aide for
the purpose. Oo this, and we will rise
up and oall you blessed.
Comrade Editor:—
Ward II Socialists of Vancouver
held their first meeting last night In
the Labor Temple.
Thirty members were enrolled for
that Ward, and the election of officers was proceeded with and the following appointed:
Organizers: W. Steen, Howe Street,
for District 1; B. Cripps, Homer St.,
for District 2; C. P. Jamieson, Cambie St., for District 3.
The Ward is divided Into three districts and it Is the work of the above
organizers to supervise the propaganda and organization work in those
Comrade E. J. Hanbury waa appointed Secretary-Treasurer.
Comrade Dawson was appointed Recording  Secretary.
Comrades VV. Steen and «. L. Skinner were appointed as delegates to
the Central Committee.
The next meeting will be on the
30th of April In the Labor Temple,
and as soon as arrangements can be
made for more frequent meetings we
wlll have them.
The whole Ward wlll be covered
every month with copies of "The New
Review" which Is published by the
combined Ward Organizations.
Each member will endeavor to give
a five minute talk at the meeting ao
as to develop speakers and as soon as
the Ward organizations has enough
members a permanent headquarters
wlll be opened and weekly propaganda
meetings held.
Socials, Picnics, Debates, etc., will
be held in connection with the organization so as to keep up the interest of
the members.
Every Ward in the city ls to be organized and also the outlying districts,
so if any Comrades want any information they can write to W. Watts, Labor Temple, Vancouver, and he will
endeavor to supply it.
When a man goes towards bis objective in a tortuous course, you had
better set him down as a serpent.
One of the solutions of the suffragette trouble: A popular writer says
that a woman should <be won "by degrees." Win first her ears and eyes,
then her heart and lips, then her hand
and purse.
Two men were quarellng. One of
them was excessively violent at first,
but became perfectly calm the moment the other became violent. He
was cured, as* doctors sometimes cure
maladies, by counterlrrltatlon.
(This poem come to the New York
"World" office on a crumbled bit of soiled
paper, lt was signed I'. P. McOARTHY'
and the author's address was given as
Whether your shell hits the target or
Your cost Is Five Hundred Dollars a
You   thing  of   noise   and   flame   and
We  feed  you  a  hundred   barrels of
Each timo you  roar.    Your flame is
With twenty thousand loaves of bread.
Silence!   A million hungry men
Seek broad to fill their mouths again.
Pressure of work has prevented the
editor from preparing for publication
acknowledgement of subs received
Arrangements will be made to make It
a regular feature.
(Continued from Page One.)
Subscribe for The Western Clarion.
nothing short of social revolution,
which Is more applicable to localities
where historical development has
forced the workers to recognize that
nothing short of social revolution can
In any way affect working class conditions, and that the advocate of social revolution as a political climax requires little knowledge of the political question of the day. How brlll-
ant and amazing Indeed! But did It
never appear to this suave and artful
occupant of the editorial chair that
Socialist Party candidates are not
Placed In the Held for the purpose of
being elected at any cost? That ours
Ib still, and must continue to be, to
a large extent, an educational policy,
one In which we try to place before
the workers of this country a knowledge of their slave position, and when
anything less than this ls necessary to
Insure their success and receive the
support of the workers, that we much
prefer to receive neither such success or support? As for the Socialist
propaganda having little knowledge of
the political questions of the day; the
Federationist scribe has another think
coming. The Socialist speaker must
at all times, be able and ready to ex-
Plain every political problem that
comes before him; showing to the
workers the futility of striving after
little sops and reforms, which wiii not
even If given, affect in any work the
workers' position as a class; and that
the greatest enemy the worker encounters Is not to be found ln the
ranks of his masters, but, like the trio
whose names I have mentioned, are
always to be found in the working
claas Itself. \
Continuing In tho same manner tha
Rlddle of the Universe, Haeckel 2Se
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll 28c
The People's Bookstore
1S9 Cordova It. W., TSBcouvtr, B. c.
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writer tells us tbat If the worker*
nominate and elect a member who will
combat the harsher measures of capitalist control, that in tho future "they
will have men to lead and direct their
forces who have that grasp nnd understanding of what ought to be done,
and which experience alone can give.
Too long, L. T. English, have the
Interests of the workers been left In
the hands of those "fearless cham"
plons who possess that beautiful
"grasp and understanding" of which
you write. So long, in fact, have ther
left to the tools of their masters complete control of the situation, that
they arrived at that under-stainling by
which they grasped It all. As for
those leaders required to direct their
forces, well L fully expect that the
working class of Alberta have sufficient
knowledge of modern history to know
that If there is one thing »hoyu *"
others that they don't want, that tilBl
Is "leaders.'' Have we not had experience enough with prophets and
"leaders" ln the days of the past and
do we not perceive in the John l-ilrD''
and Ralph Smith's of the present »
useless and harmful acquisition thlt
we, as a class can very well get alonJ
Fellow workers of Alberta! In your
hands lies the solution of the problem;
yours is now the opportunity to show
by  your vote on  the  17th tbat the
minions of the master class, whether
parading around as Conservatives of
Liberal-Labor, have but little M«"*
ance to receive from you.   That tn
efforts of the Socialist speakers an«
writers, the O'Briens, the Knit*'**8' *
Budden's, and others to propagate th
principles  of a scientific  plulosopw
have not been Ignored or wasted, W
that  you  fully  realize    the  i'ofl"10
which is yours, that of a d»wnltt>d1Jf-
and oppressed class, making ** e °
to achieve their freedom.
j. A. Mcdonald. ISSUE ,


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