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Western Clarion Jun 7, 1913

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 Owned and controlled  by  the
Socialist  Party
of Canada
WESTERN CLARION
Published in the
interest of ths
Working  Class
alone
NUMBER 721.
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  SATURDAY, JUNE 7,1913
A PROPHETJOR PROFIT
"Tra Elburtus" and His Mission, As Seen By a
Calgary Writer.
Subscription Price
PER YEAR
$1.00
The Star from Aurora has passed
here, and actually condescended to
Bhine over us for a short time.
B*ra Elbertus, alias Elbert Hubbard,
editor of "The Fra" and "The Philistine," showered some of his intellectual gems on a Calgary audience,
and now he could with pride exclaim,
Vcnl, Vldi, Viet—He came, he saw, he
conquered,
Philistines that are easily Impressed by a well advertised name, a poet's
mane, and an artlBt's cravat, are as
abundant In Calgary as elsewhere;
hence all the glories for our brother
Klbertus.
When leaving Paget Hall, where we
wire 'fortunate" enough to listen to
11,in modern tongue-contortionist, my
radical companion, who is apt to criticize ar-ytuing alive, could be heard t^
mutter, "Prostitute!" But my companion, as I pointed out before, is
somewhat radical in his conceptions.
"Comedian" would be more ln place.
Yeg, a first-class out and out com-
edlan,
One whose profession appears to be
lo distort words and phrases, thereby
i irklitii* distorted minds.
How well he understands his audi-
ence could be seen from the introductory remarks of his address about
his divine happiness to face such Intelligent  people.
A lady sitting In front of me could
bear no longer than the word "Intelligent," and pff she went into a fit of
applause that contaminated the rest
of this highly Intelligent assembly.
His main object, he said, was to
make all the ladies and gentlemen
present think. But Calgary audiences
refuse to think, else they would drag
Buch men as Hubbard off his pedestal,
and expose him as the deceitful liar
and coward he is.
"How to make a LivingI"
A profound subject, Indeed: but how
easily he handled It! With what
oratorical grace did he speak on the
virtues of work, real hard work, and
:< 11 the blessings In train of honest la-
I or. anil how masterfully lie swept
Marxian Socialism aside! As a strong
example of the success of hard tabor,
be cited as Instance James J. Hill.
who Is for him the apotheosis of hon-
est* and perseverance   He Incidental
ly told us a little story about this
"honest" man, how through bis great.
business genius he cheated his fellow-
workers; the time he yet donned overalls like ordinary' human beings, by
asking them to contribute towards a
Christmas gift for the hotel waitress
he loved, and then marrying the girl
next day with the Christmas gift
money. But cunning Is considered
highly respectable by the class Hub-
hard  represents.
"Men who do not work," he went on
to say, "who idly pass their days, living on the fat of the land, should be
looked upon as Insane, wild, unfit for
human society." He begged us take
note of the numerous skyscrapers,
'•choolhouses (but omitted jails arid
barracks), referring to tbem as
"your" skyscrapers, ''your" school-
Louses (fervent applause), and then
lo be convinced that only by hard labor could such visible prosperity like
"ours" be obtained. What a farce!
"Our"  prosperity!
If such be measured hy skyscrapers
and other conspicuous buildings, then
indeed are we prosperous. But what
about the comforts of life that real
prosperity offers? One day's stroll In
the heart of Calgary will undream any
man of this Illusion. The prairie, diamond Is as poor nnd squalid as any
city of Blum renown. The blessings
of good, hard labor? Wby, certainly!
Hod's very blessings; rose paths to
walk on; villas In the west end. of
Spanish architecture; an Kclen on
earthr but for whom?
For the class that follows Hubbard's advice, and labors? No! But
for the ones who own and control Calvary. The Lopgheeds, tho Burns and
various other "hard-working" Individ-,
mils.
Our "friend" Hubbard goes on to
Bhow how violence of old gave place
to a system of order and Justice; when
ordinary trainmen, thanks to their
efficacy, may become railway presidents; and how everyone willing to
work has the same opportunity. »
awaited for the hearers to hiss at him
after that clumsy statement, to call
him a downright liar; but Instead tho
deafening roar of applause beat on my
ears.
These same men who labored their
lifetime for a mere existence who,
having endured all the hard times a
worker's life generally offers, applauded this windbag's statements of equal
opportunity for all!
Violence ls a word not harsh enough
In the English dictionary to apply to
the treatment the working-class receives at the hands of its masters.
Direct violence of old has given place
to Indirect violence of our own times,
but which one may be more cruel
and killing, I will leave our capitalist
newspapers to answer.
In their columns, of the injured, the
wrecked, the sick, the suicides, the
raped, and the Insane, we see the
veil lifted, and can notice how paltry
the battlefields of old look in comparison to our great Industrial battlefields. Have ever the Caesars, the
Ilatiiiibals, the Napoleons, committed
the crimes our avaricious captains of
Industry are daily perpetrating? Little children robbed of the sunny days
of childhood, robbed of their smiles,
their play, their childish dreams.
Huddled to workshops, at times when
their tiny limbs feel like stretching
comfortably in bed, fed on poisonous
food, shut up in stuffy rooms. Yes!
little children, the only Inspiration of
true minds, the Jewels of the family,
forced in their tenderest age to
wrestle, bleed, and suffer for their
natural right—bread.
And why all this suffering? Why
all the torn hearts of mothers, the
dispairing thoughts of fathers? These
are questions Brother Ebbertus refuses to answer? He Is paid by the
moneyed class, not to solve, but to
console. He will not tell us that it
is due to the stupidity of the producing class In laboring too much, due
to their overproduction of everything
that they are deprived of—every comfort on earth. He will not Inform us
that these good workers are kind enough to provide a few of "God's
chosen" with milk and honey while
they themselves are contented with
a bare existence, and a heap ot work.
Oh, that fearful contradiction! The
more they work, the less they enjoy
of the produce. But true just the
same, for once the channels of commerce are swamped with goods, then
the hard times for the worker begin.
But such as Hubbard dare not declare
that much. Their hue and cry is
work, more work! It ls necessary to
j speed them on in an unceasing trot.
j and sing for them halleltijas. Hence
I the many wandering comedians and
I mountebacks, singing their praises of
I "work."
■    But, my dear Hubbard, there is a
I portion of the class you are trying to
dupe that will not be duped.     They
care not for your eulogies on the free
British Empire, and the great U, S. A.
They know you to be a gross farce,
: and are ever ready to pull your mask
loff, and  deal  with  you    as    praise-
i mongers of parasites should be dealt
I with.
J. K. MERGLER.
A   PREFERENCE
By Wilfrid Gribble.
I know a man who's unco' guld, he wears a visage sour and grim,
He's always in a sombre mood, your never get a smile from him;
He offers many an unctuous prayer, and sings long hymns, this
pious bird,
He's never, never known to swear, and never speaks a kindly word.
Yes, he's religious through and through, but never shows a sign
of glee.
Why his religion makes him blue a source of wonder is with me,
His wife is nothing but a drudge, as tame and silent as a mouse;
He is, like all such men, I judge, a gloomy tyrant In the house.
I reckon when he goes above he'll still be chock-full of complaints,
He'll hatred cause where ail was love, and sour the souls of all
the  saints.
I know another man who's bad, he is a rascal through and through,
But he has never made me sad, and I have never seen him blue.
He often swears, he never prays, and sometimes he goes on the
beer,
And stay upon the beer for days, but he is always full of cheer.
He spends a goodly part of life the candle at both ends to burn,
But he is kindly to his wife, and he will always do a turn
That's good for friend that is in need, it seems to be his moral code,
To give him pleasure great indeed, to help a chum along the road.
Although his chance of heaven's slim, this sentiment my rhyme
will end—
I'd sooner be In hell with him, than heaven with our pious friend.
MEMORABILIA.
By "Wap."
According to that Fount of Knowledge and Medium of Information,
"The News Ad." of Vancouver, there
has just been held a conference of
pious, pie-faced, surface skimmers,
dubbed in the aggregate as "The
Methodist   Conference."
To the uninitiated we might say
that we ourselves in our more foolish
youth have spent hours in one of
these same conferences, listening with
affected interest to a bunch of wise
looking guys possessed with a furor
loquendl.
Theae self-constituted reformers of
society usually denounce and discuss
alternately almost every blamed thing
that ever happened, one moment calling down God's wrath on the sinners,
and the next asking for his help on
some little graft scheme of their own,
floated ostensibly for the purpose of
assisting some down-trodden portion
of the human family.
The Methodist Conference referred
to fs no exception, and so we flnd
them chewing the rag about the liquor
traffic in this Province, making a few
delightful skirmishes around the so-
called "Social Evil," and urging that
reformatories be erected, wherein
fallen women shall be taught gently
but firmly the acrobatic stunt of
treading the straight and narrow path
on Five or Six Dollars per week.
HOUSEMAIDS WANT THE
USE OF THE  PARLOR.
Chicago.—Two afternoons a week
off, and the right to entertain company in the parlor without interference from the family, are among
the demands to be made by domestic
servants who bave just organized a
union to be known as the Household
Workers' Association. The new union
obtained a charter from the American
Federation of Labor.
As soon as the organization is of
sufficient strength to control the situation, better working conditions will
be demanded, together with regular
hours of work. Wednesday and Sunday afternoons will be the free time
demanded.—Ex.
The old parties are financed and
controlled by the propertied classes.
The Socialist Party is financed and,
controlled by working men and
women.
     v
The government is controlled by
business men in the interests of business men.
One would imagine that such well
informed wiseacres as J. K. Unsworth
and Lashley Hall, who try and imitate
the Utopian reformers of the past,
would lend their energies. to finding
out the reason for this "Social Evil."
But the most amusing thing about
this gathering of Bible punchers is the
recommendation to The Noble Administration at Victoria to intervene
in the Nanaimo Coal Strike.
SNAP SHOTS.
TO VANCOUVER READERS
The meetings at tho Empress Theatre wlll be continued during the summer, satisfactory arrangements having been made with the proprietors.
By Tom A. Hawke.
The British '"Socialist" Congress in
recent seBsion might easily have been
itiUtaken for a Bull Moose Convention.
Resolutions on Increasing the navy
expenditure and denunciations of
Lloyd Georgo for raising the Plimsoll
mark have no more to do with the
overthrow of Capitalism than Joe
Martin had to do with the introduction  of  hobble  skirts.
If Mrs. Emily Pankhurst persists ln
following the hunger strike vocation
for a couple of yeara more she ought
to understand the workers' position
much better than Kier Hardie and
Ramsay McDonald.
"Calgary  is  to  have a    municipal
milk depot at which pure milk only
j will be sold," says a recent despatch.
! Seems as though this might prove a
! rather radical change, and highly detrimental to the health of the prairie
people   who  have   become  so  accustomed to drinking the chalk and water
brands, that such a reform as    this
should be brought about by degrees.
Some of what we get In  Vancouver
should  be   followed   by   a  chaser  of
Doc. Friedman's turtle serum.
Turkey will Biirely adopt the Christian religion after the present squabble
is over. Tho beautiful spirit of self-
denial, the total abstinence from
greed, and the careful treatment of
human life at the expense of property which wasn't shown by the
Christian powers, ought to convince
oven the Bllent Turk to join the purity squad.
Thus, 'twould seem that intervention was not considered necessary
(i. e., this particular brand of Christ-
Ian Intervention) in Ladysmith and
Cumberland, but when Nanalmo Joins
hands with their fellow-workers in
other parts of the Island, something
must be done and done quickly.
Now, we know a little about the
miners of Vancouver Island, and we
might add, we know a little of Methodist Parsons, especially the type that
nre elected to conference boards, and
we would recommend to these whlted
sepulchres that they keep their dirty
fingers out of this proposition.
We have been told that it is the
function of the Christian Church to
restore peace in such instances, but
a slight knowledge of history will
show how peaceful this brand of
human animal is.
THE BIGGEST GAME OF ALL.
The treachery of Father Gapon In
St. Petersburg a few years ago can be
repeated even beneath the liberty-
assuring folds of the Union Jack and
the benign influence of a "Methodist
Conference," and we urge the miners
of the Island to study tho causes of
their present condition, become
acquainted with the facts of life, and
help from "Methodist Conferences" or
Intervention from a "McBride" administration will become unnecessary, for
the workers will know for themselves
how to act, for knowledge Is power.
The News-Ad. also tells us in its
editorial columns of a devout address
given to this collection of theological
freaks by Dr. Bland (we trust his
name is appropriate), in which he
bluntly tells the Christian Church that
It haB no attraction for tho masses.
He then says that If "Christian politicians became just and honorable, lf
Christian men of business were no
longer selfish, If Christian people generally follow the teachings of the
'Sermon  on the  Mount,,'"  etc.,  etc,
A man is born into the world.
He develops physically, acquires
a certain degree of mentality,
according to his opportunity and
pre-natal endowments. He
comes in one way or another
by a certain smattering of
knowledge. When he gets somewhere near maturity, if he be
of the propertyless class, gifted
only with his muscles and his
brains,' he becomes a worker—
a wage-worker, or a wage-slave.
But always as a producer he
produces far in excess of his
own needs. The surplus value
he creates is appropriated, ln a
complex fashion to be sure, but
nevertheless it is wrested from
him, and passes into the hands
of that element in these modern
days that has built up the most
comprehensive scheme of getting something for nothing that
the world has ever seen.
And they sit in the places of
power, and despise the doers of
the earth's work. And when
the worker who has spent the
strength of his sinews and the
best of his brain in producing
much that he may secure a
little, when he is no longer capable of producing a surplus to
be appropriated, what happens
to him? He goes on the scrap
heap. He can starve or eke out
his miserable existence on the
bitter bread of precarious charity. If he becomes diseased, as
some of them do, he goes into
the discard, and although of his
activities as a worker he may
have created a thousandfold the
value of what he has consumed,
it makes no difference, he is no
longer a profitable slave. ''To
Hell with him."—Popular Magazine.
"ON MAKING A LIVING"
Another Whack at the Dispenser of Philosophy
For Slaves.
"t)ie    people    would    flock    to    the
churches."
We can already see the agitation
among the aforementioned politicians
and Christian business men to buy a
copy of the Sermon on the Mount, so
as to practice its wonderful precepts;
we can hear the tramp of the thousands of Methodist parsons, eager for
the first time to obey the holy injunction, "He that does not work, neither
should he eat."
But just how they will accomplish
this beautiful performance without being precipitated into the ranks of the
wage-workers, which would be about
as distasteful to them as their own
conception of hell, wo cannot see.
Of course, we admit that we are
only possessed of carnal sight, but we
think that even a man with a double
vision can see that if all the above
beautifully pictured reform was made
possible, then we should all be ready
for Incarceration In a home for the
weak-minded; or else preparing to
usher in the co-opera live commonwealth, wherein our minds cannot conceive of the existence of Methodist
Conferences,
Vancouver is rapidly becoming a
wonderful city. Financiers from the
business houses of New York and
London pay ub periodical visits. Vice
commissions, when holding their sessions, always find it necessary to prolong their stay. Wage slaves by the
thousands are dumped in among us
from every corner of the civilized
globe; and last, but net least, even
philosophers find in our acquaintance
a profitable investment.
Last week we were visited by the
noted Elbert Hubbard—undoubtedly a
lineal descendant of Old Mother Hubbard of nursery rhyme fame. Indeed,
a pair of specs and a hood would be
quite sufficient to enable him to play
the part of that venerable dame who
appealed so strongly to our childhood
fancies. He spoke under the auspices
of our worthy Progress Club on the
subject of "Making a Living." The
most noticeable feature of the meeting was the difference that seventy-
five cents admission will make in an
audience, for very few of that class
who have to struggle for the means
of life could get together enough of
the wherewithal to learn from the
speaker how a living can be made.
There was, however, a large audience
as far as numbers are concerned, for
that portion of the inhabitants who
like to designate themselves as "the
people" turned out in abundance.
In the lecture was very little that
was either instructive or original. The
same old supply of bourgeois morals
and ethics that made their advent
with the inception of class property
was pumped out to the listeners for
an hour and a half. Like all writers
and speakers who seek the admiration
of those who can afford to pay the
piper, he refuted the idea that human
society was divided into two classes,
and placed the idle rich and the
tramps and hoboes in a class by themselves. "The only way t.o abolish the
working class," said the speaker, ''is
to join it." What he meant by this
assertion is not very plain to see, but
it would be indeed a foolish condescension (one that need not be feared)
for those who control the means of
life to vacate their position and juin
the ranks of those who are travelling
up and down the country in search of
jobs. My humble advice to those in
that position is to hang on to what
you have as long as possible, for only
a short time must elapse till the
workers have sense enough to take
what they want without it being given.
At any rate, not before the members
of the working class understand their
position and use the means that are
placed in their hands to take possession of what they alone produce can
class ownership of the means of life
be abolished, and classes themselves
become an empty and meaningless
title.
In showing the difference between
the methods used on the Canadian
and on the American side of the line
in regard to the concentration of
Capital, the speaker stated, "that
while on this side the money lords
were knighted, on the other side they
were indicted." In such a statement
there may be a semblance of humor,
but none of fact. That some American trusts were a few years ago subjected to a fake examination at the
hands of the present high priest of
the Bull Moose no one will deny.
But What Was the Result?
One of these trusts, the Standard
Oil Co., was fined the sum of
?2'J,000,000, a sum that was never paid
and altogether the real outcome was
that the trusts Instead of being rudely
shattered were shown to have a
greater power than Congress itself.
To state that In any country where
the sway of Capital has reached, that
this concentration is to be stopped,
that the wheels of progress are to be
made revolve in the other direction,
only shows more clearly how very
little concerning the history of civilization the maker of such statements
must surely know.
Regarding the unemployed problem, the speaker, after freeing himself
of a flowery eulogy on the great resources of British Columbia, wound up
with the ultimatum that there was
not now, or never would be, an unemployed problem In this province.
The chairman of the meeting, Ex-
Muyor Flndlay, thinking, no doubt, of
the condition of affairs that existed
only a little over a year ago In Vancouver when special police were
sworn in to handle tho unemployed,
Blushed, and Hung His Head.
Yes, this is indeed a glorious habitation for those who aro looking for
work to make a living.    In the last
ten days no less than three young men
committed suicide in this city after a
fruitless endeavor to find employment.
The body of one was discovered on
the edge of Capilano mountains, the
possessor of only fifteen cents snd a
young girl's photo. A few days later
another ended hiB days ln a cheap
rooming-house, leaving no personal
history apart from the fact that he
owed four days' room rent, while laat
Sunday morning the third was discovered with a Jack knife and a
fountain pen ln his pocket, and a
bullet wound in his head, out ln Stanley Park, that famous natural reaort,
in whose beautiful cloistered recesses,
song-birds warble and lovers apoon.
Every one of these were spoken of ln
the dally press as being young men
of apparent refinement, who preferred
death rather than to beg, and who
left homes of at least some comfort,
to seek the alluring fortunes that Immigration agencies so charmingly picture.
But What Else Other Than Thle
can be expected in every industrial centre? As civilization extends so does
poverty, misery, disease, and death follow in her train. Conditions for the
workers are much the same ln every
land, and instead of showing any
signs of becoming better, the logical
outcome Ib that they must proceed
from bad to worse.
Possessed with a knowledge of
these facts, we, of the Socialist Party
of Canada, in every province of the
Dominion, are making an effort to
place before our fellow workera a
similar knowledge. Knowing that
when once the wage slaves who toll
in the industrial branches understand
their position, and know that the
means of life are theirs for the taking, that when once a knowledge of
these facts is instilled ln the minds
of the world's workers, that Capitalism
will make its exit and give way for a
system where those who work shall
also own.
J. d. Mcdonald.
AN  ANALYSIS OF A COMMODITY.
A commodity is an article of traffic
which is produced for sale.
Now, there are two classes in society. One class is known as the
working class. The working class applies its mental and physical energy
on the natural resources of the earth,
and the result of the application is
commodities, and commodities are
wealth.
Therefore it stands to reason that
labor produces all wealth.
Now for the other class, known as
the capitalist class. What part do
they perform in the production of commodities? None whatever. If that ls
so, then it stands to reason vhat the
capitalist class do not produce any
wealth, and yet they own all the
wealth that is produced.
Umph! Sounds nice ln the ears of
the wealth-producers, don't it?
A commodity has two values: firstly
a use value, and secondly an exchange
value. The use value of a commodity
is expressed in the satisfaction of desire.
Suppose that a person desires a pair
of boots. The boots afford a protection to the feet. Therefore the use
value of boots ls that they afford a
protection to the feet. The use value
of food consumed satisfies hunger.
The consumption of food supplies the
body with energy, power to produce
more food, boots, coats, railways, engines, ships, dynamos, palaces, telegraphs, silver, gold, and dollar bills.
Now for the exchange value of a
commodity. We understand that a
commodity is the product of the social
labor of the producing class, I. e., the
working class. Well, If a commodity
is the product of the social labor of
the producing class, Its exchange value
must be determined or measured by
the amount of social labor time expended on its production.
To illustrate, we will take Into consideration several commodities; for
example, "labor power," gold, and the
necessaries of life.
Well, If it takes five hours' social
labor time to produce thirty pennyweight of gold, five hours' social labor
time to produce the necessaries of life,
then It stands to reason that five hours
("social labor") equals thirty pennyweight of gold, equals the necessaries
of life. Or five hours' social labor
time wlll exchange for thirty penny-
(Continu'ed on Page Four.)
STAY AWAY FROM
VANCOUVER ISLAND
COALMINES. ALL MINES
ARE NOW INVOLVED. PAGE TWO
THE  WESTERN   CLARION,  VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
SATUBDAY ji-NE ,   ,,,,,,
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gocialUv Party of Canada at th* office
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SATURDAY JUNE 7, 1913
CONSTRUCTION—WHEN?
A correspondent says that "with
proper organization and a constructive programme, fully two-thirds of
the voters in the Rocky Mountain district will vote Socialist."
Well, if organisation and "a con
structive programme" are the two
essentials for the capture of that or
any other seat, it ia to be hoped that
we never capture it or them.
We have been, and still are, under
tbe impression that the support of
any voter who did not understand
that our movement was a revolutionary one, which did not waste time
in advocating reforms, that would ultimately and inevitably only redound
to the benefit of the exploiters, but
centered all its energies on the educating of the workers to their class-
position as slaves to capital, was not
rightly ours, but belonged by right
to those other parties and movements
to which the taBk of patching up and
reconstructing the tottering edifice of
Capitalism is a source of never-ending
delight
While Capitalism lasts, the task of
the Socialist movement, if it is true
to its salt, Is one of destruction, not
of construction. It is the ignorance
of the workers to their position as
the mudsills of Capitalist society,
their foolish adoration of the ideals
of their masters, inculcated in their
minds from their childhood up by all
the resources of Capitalist mis-information and mis-education, that has to
be laid in ruins at the feet of their
awakened class-consciousness, before
any progress can be made to their
ultimate emancipation from the rule
of Capital.
We have a large number of the
workers educated along these lines
already, but not nearly enough. Compared to the great mass, they are as
but a drop in the ocean. Education,
education, and again education must
be our watchword. With education
will go organization, and as both increase, so will the planks of the "constructive programme" be brought forward by the Capitalist reformers and
held up to the admiration of the advancing hosts of class-conscious workers, in the hope that they will function as red-herrings, to side-track and
dissipate the revolutionary movement.
With "constructive" planks in our
platform, it would cease to be a revolutionary one, and tbe support gained
by their presence would go to the
reform parties of Capital, who, being
ln the possession of political power,
would be in a position to deliver the
goods much quicker than would the
Socialist Party, wbich would yet be
without it. The recent elections in
the United States, where the Progressives were accused of "stealing"
the Socialist thunder, ls a case in
point. There the party, finding the
planks of their "constructive programme" in the possession of the
enemy, had to confine their efforts
and energies to the fundamentals of
the Socialist philosophy, and that it
bore fruit ls evidenced by tbe large
Increase in the support at the polls.
The very existence of Capitalist exploitation Ib founded, on the ignorance
of their dupes, and tbat Ignorance can
only be dispelled by the education of
the workers in working class economics, not by inducing ..them to undertake the capture of the will-o'-the-
wisp held out to their unintelligent
efforts for betterment under a system of production that is engulfing
ttoem ln its swamp of misery in ever-
increasing numbers with every year
that passes.
Let the Capitalists reform their own
system if they can. It Is the task
of the revolutionary working class to
capture the political power, and lay
Capitalism ln ruins. Then it will be
time to construct their own social organization—on the ruins.
"No Compromise, No  Political
Trading."
"When 1 speak here of our policy,
I use the word without regard to anything immaterial or superficial, but In
the sense which since the beginning
of the party it has had for us in contrast to all other parties—in the sense
of the policy of the class struggle,
which has very often changed in form,
but In substance has remained the
same—our unique proletarian class
policy, which separates ub from all
other political parties in the world of
bourgeois society and excludes us
from intercourse with them."
"In certain circles there exists an
inclination, or let us say an effort, to
desert the platform of the class struggle and enter into the common arena
of the other parties. As all the other
parties stand upon the basis of a
political state, therefore their field of
activity is necessarily confined to the
spoils of politics."
"The question of tactics came up
then in our party for the first time.
Should we, in consideration of certain
concessions to the laborers, aid Bismarck against the Progressive party
and other opponents of his policy in
the expectation of being then after
that strong enough for a successful
struggle against him and against the
landlord, police and military state embodied in his person? Or did prudence
and party interest demand that we,
taking advantage of Bismarck's quarrel with the progressive bourgeoisie
and other opponents of his policy,
contest the Bismarckian policy, and
organize the proletariat into an independent political party for the purpose of preparing it for the conquest
of political power? . . . The tactics were everywhere accepted which
has ever since been in force for the
party down to the present day. This
tactics consists in:
Keeping clear the clasa character of
the Socialist party as a proletarian
party; to train it by agitation, education and organization for the victorious completion of the emancipation
struggle; to twage a systematic war
against the class state, in whose
hands the political and economic
power of capitalism is concentrated,
and in this war to draw advantages
as far as possible out of the quarrels
and conflicts of the different political
parties with each other."
...."This foundation of the class struggle is
The Main Point of Attack
in the battle which the bourgeois political economy is waging with Socialism. The political economists
Deny the Class Struggle
and would make of the labor movements only a part of tbe bourgeois
party movements, and the Social
Democracy only a division of the
bourgeois democracy. The bourgeois
political economy and politics direct
all their exertions against the class
character of the modern labor movement. If it were possible to create a
breach in this bulwark, in this citadel
of the Socal Democracy, the
The Social Democracy is Conquered
and the proletariat thrown back under
the dominion of capitalistic society.
However small such a breach may be
in the beginning, the enemy has the
power to widen it and the certainty
of final victory, and the enemy is
most dangerous when ho comes as a
friend to the fortress, when he slinks
ln
Under  the   Cover  of   Friendship
and is recognized as a friend and comrade.
The enemy who comes to us with
open visor we face with a smile; to
set our foot upon his neck is mere
play for us; . . . the enemy, however, that reaches out the hand to us
for a political alliance, and intrudes
himself upon us as a friend and brother—him and
Him Alone Have We to Fear.
Our fortress can withstand every
assault; lt cannot be stormed nor
taken from us by siege—It can only
fall when we ourselves open the door
to the enemy and take hlm into our
ranks as a fellow comrade. Growing
out of the class struggle our party
rests upon the class struggle as a condition of Its existence. Through and
with that struggle the party Is unconquerable; without it the party is
lost, for it will have lost the source of
its strength. Whoever falls to understand this or thinks that the class
struggle is a dead issue, or that class
antagonisms are gradually being effaced, stands upon the basts of bourgeois phllisophy."
THE BIG FIGHT.
(B\  Wilfrid Gribble )
Well, comrades, It's a long hnnl
flght, isn't lt? Most of us, perhaps
all of us, didn't expect lt to be bo
long and hard as it has proved to be.
Those of us who have been in the
flght some considerable time have
seen quite a number grow faint and
weary and fall by the wayside. Some
of those who have dropped out were
in the fight before ub, and, when we
got in, did their little bit in teaching
"our hands to war and our fingers to
flght"—their work lives after them.
Some who joined with us are not with
us now, nnd some who came into the
ranks since we did had not the stamina to stay with it for very long.
But the fight goes on just the same,
because it must. Long, long ago this
flght began, for a reason, the cause
of its commencement is still in existence, and is the cause of Its continuance.
I am not going to deal very much
with that cause In this article, as the
Clarion is everlastingly and rightly
pegging away at it.
My object in this article Is to drive
home the fact that that war wlll never
end while Capitalism lasts; that we
who are living under Capitalism have
to see that war go on, we cannot Btop
it, all we can do ls take part in it
on one side or the other, or tamely
stand aside and let others do the
fighting.
Perhaps I am wrong in saying that
one can stand aside and take no part
in the fight, for after all "those who
are not for us are against us."
Capitalism is in existence, and
those who are taking no active part
for or against it are, at least, acquies-
lng in its continuance, and in so doing are on the side of the enemy.
I am not writing in praise of those
who are active in the Socialist movement, nor in condemnation of those
who were active but are not active
now, nor in condemnation ot those
who  have  never been  active.
PraiBe or blame are both illogical,
as none of us are free-will agents,
though criticism may be found necessary. A fine point perhaps—well, it's
something to think over.
We are all trying to be as happy
as   possible.
If anything gives us pleasure, that
Socialist Party Director
DOMXBXOH   BXBOUTITB   COMMIT TEE   VABCOUTBB LETTISH  I.OCAj    ■"
"Socialist   I'm iv  ut i'iiiiiiiIh,   meets  fll-Hl        S.    I'.   of   ('.     Business   nine tin
•   • "■      set ii Sunday or tin
womanly women not to light for our
boys and our girls; and so we, who
have proved and are proving, by our
activity ln the movement that we are
real revolutionists, have registered a
vow that, by our short lives and
precious time, "by oppressions woes
and pains." by all that wo love und
cherish, by all that we bold dear and
holy, "by our children's oradlei und
by our father's graves," we will never
relax our efforts or cease our war
against the last form of slavery that
earth knows or shall ever know, until
that war is over, or till we ure laid
away to rest, when others will lake
our place (and others and atill others),
and will carry on the flght to a certain victory In the end.
Life is worth living, even under
slavery, to the rebel who knows how
to flght, and we rebels are too busy
fighting to be ever morbid or depressed. We may never see the end.
but we have the Joy of the flght und
it is keen.
But we don't want to keep all the
enjoyment of the tight to ourselves;
we want you, my uncotnbative fellow
■lave, to have your share; I here Is
plenty to go round, nnd In getting
your share you will Increase ours.
Come now, look into the matter for
yourselves.
Dont' Act on Impulse.
The Socialist Party of Canada
doesn't want you till your mind Is
made up; we are not like some alleged Socialist PartleB who are after
all the members they can get, rare-
less of whether they are SociuliHts or
not. We wunt you to become a Socialist first and then Join the Party.
Read our paper, the Western Clarion,
and if you can't understand some of
the articles you see ln it, get some
Socialist to explain them.
Be a real man or woman; make up
your mind that, if you have to cudgel   .
your brains a bit, you are going to be   *"}?** ""Bu*^n*is meeOngs' at%oeial-
lst  hewl.iunrtcrs  fourth  Thursdays of
nuil third Sundayi, :i p.m., »t sm
Main St,    ,1.  II   Hiiimiigh, Srerctury.
URITISH COLUMBIA mOTIBCIAL
■kvcutlvr Committee, Horlullst l'urty
ur Canada meets muhiii um above.
ALSUITA   PBOVIItCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Socialist Tarty ot Canada, meets cv-
■ry alternate Tuesday, at (II Eighth
Ave. Knst. Hurt K. Anderson, Secretary, Mux 847, Calgary,
SASXATOKBWAB BBOTXBOXAI. BXBOUTITB, S. 9. ot 0„ Invites all coin-
radei residing In Saskatchewan to
eomtnunloate wIim tiuin un orgniiixu-
tlun matter-!. Address 1>. McMillan,
II Main 8t„ S". I IIII. Moose Jaw,
Safk.
MANITOBA TBOTIBCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee      Notice:     Tills  curd  Is  in-
sarted fur the purpose of getting
"Viil"' Interested in the Boclnllst
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members ot ths Party; mi ir you are
desirous er becoming u member, or
wlih to gel any Information, write ths
Secretary, J.  f>.  Houston, 4»3  Kurtry
St.   Winnipeg. 	
MARITIME VBOTIBCXAX. EXECUTIVE
Coinliilttei.  Hi-rlullst   l'urty of Cunadu,
nice i- in iv seoond ami fourth Sundays in the cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace Ray,
M. S I imi Cochrane, Secretary, Box
4HI.  (lluce  May,   N S 	
LOOAL VANCOUVEB. Bo  St, S. F. of C.
Mi hi|i|iiih ler», l.aliur Temple, I'uns-
muli -lint llu*lnfH* meeting on firm
nf everv nun,th at I p in Secretary,
.! McMillan, Labor Temple. Vancouver   it  c
Sundays   of  each   month   i
Hall.    J. N. Hintsa, Secretai
Heights, B.C.
LOCAL     COLEMAB,     ALTA       urn     .
Miners' Hall and dpera I Im' -, M,0,'„, * •
ganda meetings at 8 o.tr)   n,| i|,„'.1,
and third Sundays ot t.,.    , ,,-V,     ",[
nesM  meetings on thc ■■'. ,uv ,. ,.,
following  propaganda  meetln«-i «• V
Organise;,    -.  ste.-i... colsmkn" '
hecreti ry, j  -<    Glendennlna    ii„, ,
Colemi ii.  Al-        ViMtors  may ,',,,.u„
inform   "e*    my  day  ttt   Miner,.'   n,i|
Secretary,   \ m. Graham, Box EH r„t*
man, Mia. "e
LOCAL  BBAIONTOB,   AT,T,\„   ***0   -    .
r.  of C.    II.-a. piarUrs, 623  Pin 'sT
Muclnes" n t.ngs  ■•■ erv  Mnnrtnj    i  i
p.m. sh     ..   our reeling room li -,t'.i
tn the public free, from ui ■,,,  • „ ,
P.m. dally.    Secretary    I    \   ■  <.,,,,'
Organiser,  Wm.  Mi       i.i    - ,.,:,„.   ,,
Agent  T,   D,   Trait H   '"
LOCAL CtLOABV   ALVA., Wv.   i   j   .
of  (".--Business   i ie. ll, k   , ,,       '«.. *'
day evenlns at s    , lo ,.- ■,! .,,„ ,'l(.
quarters,   134   MUti    a       w,„t     m
\iiie. Sue re tary, Hon   ,47
LOC'-L    rSBBTB.   S.    9.   ol    C,   BOLD   .„„.   ua„,    .
cliicail il    meetings,   hi   the   Minns" I "V**" ■■»«"*■   "
Union Hail every Hun-isy at 7:<>o
HuhIi'.  -• ii ting third Sunday in each
month, 7.10 p.m Kcoli.utile cla*«« ever \ Sun lay artel nimn at 2 30 Albert
R.   Hill I.   Seen tin v.   Mux   IS9.
-    month i   ,i i.„
pugundu meeting every fourth '.'
open to everybody it Room Iii  I „,'
'    -uple    at    2     n.m.      g i-leti ,'/ '
■    , agiit.  Box  101... '       •     '"''"
LOCAL    VAHCOtr.    H,    B.    O      et      ..
FlnnlKh.      Meet-. o,        H,''„f,u'   «,
rourth  Thursdays     ,   u,,    ,   ',, ""
1811 Pender St. Beat   Ovla .      \ •"
retary. ''"'"   BSB*
LOCAL OXBSOB'S X-ABDIBO   f  r   .
&£_*■_•£„!•••: » t «■:■ c\it
lailsi
'III...,,,,
every   Sunday
ItiiNlneeB    niee     ijr,
p in . Trades i »li
lul    Rtcretan
I,  MASK., MEDTS
••   'In11,   n no p „
i-ni   Friday    •'
W    H.   Illnl,  Qui
LOCAL ROBS-LAMD. .ito. 88, S. 9. of C,
In r
tl III.
.111111
meet* In  itinera1  Hall sverj  Sunday at
7.so I. in. K. Campbell, Organlaer,
will Jonas, Secretary, l>"x r.'fi Pin-
iii--.ii branch meet-, in Flnlandera' Hall
Sundays at 1 *io p.m    a. Babble, s.t-
retarv.    But   64.    HohhImkI. JI.   ('.	
LOCAL aaCBEL, B. a, Bo. IS, S. P. of
c, hold* propaganda meetings every
sundav afternoon at :'3o in Crahan'a
Hull. A hearty Invltiitlon In extended  to nil  wage BlSVCS within  reach uf
wi to attend utn  meetings,    BualnsM
mevtlngx art 'ield the llrst and third
Sundaya of each month nt 10.30 a.m.
In the aaine hall. Party organisers
tuke  nutlet.    T.   W.   Brown,  Secretary
clear as to what this Socialism is and
what these Socialists are after.
Don't  Be Tame.
Don't be a tame, submissive slave,
and incur the well-merited  contempt
euch month.    H. P. Guyman, Becretnry
LOCAL  VICTOBIA.  Bo.  2,  S.  P.  of  43.,
LOCAL  LETBa.tT JT!   ALTA.,  XO.  1*1
iT .}'■ "f '-•■ .£•"■"• •"•""■■> ■ uulnv at
3 30   p.m.   In   Kill, Hel!      Si,i„i-r
Sum Larson, 14 1 3id Ave N Wn.
pevoy. *    -mixer.
LOCAx - '  .    fl .-(AW, BO. 1, S. 9, of C
Buslnew   -ii •    ->g  and  economic cluw
every   V ei       ' vinlng   ,,t  i-,.Mi   [i
McMlllai'i  3    ..'-m    >*:    -.-.,   IM||   lv.|
aganda n..etug eve,     .lunihn, 8 p  n
at  the  itt v The-tre.    s> retan.  Wm
Hurri"on   ,       M.\, 'e .*:",     ''rgaul/.i i    \
Stewart.
LOCAL BO. I, WlWBira   , MAB1TOBA.
S. I*. of .;. He.».'i|i iitcra. |,m,,,i
Temple, 'li.^'ne- r , ingn every 2nd
an-* ''h ihiTMiin- i lie month al v
p.n ,", pa -.linen i, at ugH evi ry Sundny at 1 pm., Mnrl, i Square \V
Hr.-i'/i    Se, n-tii.y.   '..2   Kiltiu,nt."i  St.
LOO* I-  OTTAWA   BO.  8,  S.  P.  of C-
r s-tinesa m*etitig*a the -'.rst 8unda> in
i.'Mh In the t.aluir M,.11. HI \'.o„
.,t"».t, at » •■ n. Secretary, A. Benen-
sot.n. 281 l.iumev Ave. Organlur,
\. 1. MeCall' • Becenl'ng ai-crettn
\l"n     McCaV   n
headquarters and reading room tit
Taxes st. Business meeting every
Tuesday, s p m.    Propaganda meetin»
Sunday.  I  p.m..   Kmpresa  Theatre. I toOAi tSOMT-tJIAiL, HO. 1, S. P. OF C.
LOC1I. SOUTH POBT OEOBOE. B. C,!      meets  Sund- it   Soelaliat   Hall,  eoi
or slaves who are not tame. After No. tl, meets even Prtday night nt; m-r st. Cr.-ur und Princi Arthur stall If is nn* a. h-f-1 lev „nH-r-i.n,l I 8 "''lock In Public Library room. John at 3 p.m. Bualnoea iii.etlng. Wodncw
an,  it   is   not  h"  h.iril   to  underhtniul       Mclnnis, Secretary j Andrew Alien, Or-      days. 8 p m.   He-ratar)   Ph   Paughnan
the essentials of Socialism and the
significance of the Socialist move-
hient. .lust find out what Socialism is,
anil if you agree with It, come Into
the fight on our side; If you disagree,
gniilzi r.
P. O. Box l  *
a tic
H„  Montr.
i3 the thing we strive for or take part i fight against us;  that is all we ask.
We are not afraid which side you'll
take.
President Wilson says that he does
not expect an immediate reduction In
the cost of living to follow the new
tariff.
How about an immediate reduction
In the pay-envelope?—Detroit Free
Press.
Stockholm, Sweden, Is a Socialist
stronghold. At a recent election the
Socialists received 19,381 votes, the
Conservatives 16,672, and the Liberals
10,212.
in.
When I was much younger football
was the greatest pleasure I knew, and
I took part in and tried to excel at
it.
As I grew older and less athletic,
billiards became my chief diversion
after the day's work was done. Understand, I didn't play football or billiards primarily for the enjoyment of
others, though I always had a weakness for seeing others have a good
time; but because I found a keen
pleasure in these games. In short,
being like every form of nature, selfish, I was a football and billiard
player for my own sake.
I am a Socialist for the same reason.
I fight for the working class because
their fight is mine.
Because in that way alone I can
stand for my own interests and glut
my resentment at the system of slavery under which I suffer and have
suffered, which has blighted my hopes
and blasted my aspirations, and because only by staying in that fight I
feel myself a MAN.
No, 1 don't love the working class
nor respect them (who could love a
class of submissive slaves or respect
them?) but I am of them and can
only stand for myself by standing for
them.
And now I am going to say something that may appear harsh, something for which I may be condemned
strongly, but am convinced that euch
condemnation will only come from
those whose opinion and regard I
value at less than nothing. I could
cheerfully desert the submissive
working class;' I could leave them to
stew In the juice of their own ignorance and wallow in the mire of their
own apathy, but that in doing so I
should have to desert those who are
fighting shoulder to shoulder with me
in this last great social war of all
the ages, and who feel the same towards me and all others who are
fighting shoulder to shoulder with
them.
There Is one thing more which inspires us to fight. I say us, for I feel
in this I can speak safely for all
other fighters: We were all children
once, children of the working class,
children whose childhood wbb largely
spoilt by Capitalism.
Our childhood ls gone forever, but
we can get It back in part by fighting
for the children of the working class
of today who cannot flght for themselves.
And our old fathers and mothers:
(1 lost my mother three months ago;
her death was hastened oy Capitalism,
and i now have the added Incentive
of vengeance on Capitalism for 'her
largely premature death,) we saw
them suffer and struggle for us as
Elbert Hubbard, of "city beautiful" I best they knew,
fame, lectured to the Vancouver blue | Some of us have children of our
bloods on "Making a Living." Seems j own and, even if we had not the
as though taking a living would have. spirit to strike a b.low for our own
been a more appropriate title. liberty, we are too manly men    and
''There are some good points about
Socialism," says William J. Bryan, the
famous orator and drinker of punch-
less punches. It wouldn't hurt for our
American comrades to find out from
"Willie" what these points are, and
strike them out of the platform, as a
eulogy coming from such a source
must surely have something wrong
with  It.
•LOC..L CUMBERLAND Ho. 70, S. F. of   LO<** *.*-". <**L.*CF. *f» IT,  Ito.  i, OP HAS
C      Buainess   meeting   every   Sunday,:     tli*.*   ".-i.ii iuai •  :<   iii   Bnkasln   Ull
afternoon    at    *.':0fl   p ni.    In    Socialist'     Cot   nv   i in'   .*>*      Open   ni-rv   evenli
RI-
li.
The United States Congress, at the
request of President Wilson, is busily
engaged in lowering the tariff on al- j
most everything that comes Into   the!
country excepting Chinamen, and   all I
Democratic journals are prophesying |
a great decrease in the cost of living.
This is only another blind pulled over
the eyes of the workers by ambitious
politicians.    It might be a good  Idea
to  seek   the  services  of  a   spiritual
medium to call up old Cleveland and
ask him how it worked in '93.
'Hall   opposite   Post   Office.     Kconomlc
elaasss  held  Tueaday  and   Friday,   7
p.m. rropnfcan.ln meeting , every
Bunday, 3 p.m. Headquartars: Socialist Hull, opn.-lte post office. I'lnanclal
Secy..  Thomas   Carney;  Corresponding
Secretary, Joseph Naylor. ___ _
LOCAL VAHCOUVEB Bo. 1, S. F. Of C.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening ut Headquarters, 213 Hastings
St.   Bast     H   Itiihlm.  Secretary.
But.neo :nnl i'"oiiae iii.la meeting nt
he- ItiUCrtors every Thui-Tav al I r nt
Harold ii   Hoss. 8»cretai-y, H"x SOI
XsQCAIt OaJdafoSS- ALTA., Wo. 5S, S. ¥,
•   U,     Hei'd'niaAota  ut   Miners    [fall,
,   'nvs nc ting-- e\ ^ry first and sec-
r,. <    f     d.-.-   In   tbe   month.     Nf,   D,
Ti n       c > ..-r- tar    Hoi UT, CanmorOi
Alt*
Subscii
i'it  Thc Western Clarion.
PROPAGANDA MEETING   Sunday
Empress Theatre W. * .Pritchard Speaker
Vancouver, B.C. 8 pm.
"The present Is the most prosperous
year ln the history of Canada," says I
the   finance  minister,   Hon.    W.    T. j
White, In  his annual budget.      Very
nice to know this, as a greater supply i
of cast-off clothing will be available
for charity distribution    the    coming I
winter.
As the result of three meetings held i
by Com. W. W. Lefaux during the!
week, an application for a charter har |
been received from Port Alberni.
LZTEBATUBE
The Dominion Executive have the following- literature for gale. (Published
by  the  purty.):
To
To   Indlvld-
T.ocals    uals
per 100 a copy
Manifesto  S.  P.  of C |«.00      10c
What ls Socialism?"   6.00      10c
Socialism and Unlonrsm"  1.00        6c
2,10 per dozen.
Struggle   for  Existence*  1.00        6c
25c per dozen.
State   and   Government*  1.00        6c
26c per dozi.n.
Value,  Price and ProHt*  2.00        6c
30c per dozen
•Express  charges  added.
FBICJE  LIST OF SUFFLXES
To
To Executive
Locale      Committees
Due  Stamps   $0.10 $0.06
Platforms,  English 26 .20
Platforms, Foreign 60 .40
Dues Curds    1.00 .80
Constitutions       1 Vic each     1.00
(Above prices per 100)
Kieceipt   Books    06 each       .BOdoz
Warrant   Books    26 each     l.&Odoz
Buttons (party)   8.60 doz.        8.00doz
do. to individual*  60 each
VAHCOUVEB LOCAL HO. 1, S. F. OF C.
has the following cloth-bound books on
sale.    Make all money orders payable to
J. N. Smith, 213 Hustings St. E„ Vancouver,  B.   G.
Each
Capital, vols. 1,  2 and 8 $2.00
The Eastern  Question   (Marx)  2.00
Critique of Pol. Economy (Marx).... 1.00
Ancient Lowly, vol. I and 2 (Ward)  1.60
Ancient  Society   (Morgan)  1.60
Materialistic Conception of Hlatory
(Labrlole)  1.00
Philosophical   Essays  (Dletzgen)  1.00
Industrial     History     of     1-Lngland
(Rogers)     2.00
Students'   Marx   (Avellng)  1.00
60-cant Books
Science  nnd  Revolution   (Untermann.)
The World's Revolutions (Untermann.)
Socialism,   Its   Growth   and   Outcome
(Bax *  Morris.)
Socialism  for Students   (Cohen.)
Evolution of Propjerty (Lafargue.)
Right To Bo Lazy, Etc.  (Lafurgue.)
Class  Struggle  (Knntsky.)
Militant  Proletariat  (Austin  Lewis.)
Making of the World  (Myers.)
End of the World (Myers.)
Value. Price and Profit (Marx.)
Revolution     and     Counter-Revolution
(Marx.)
Memoirs of Karl Marx  (Llebknecht.)
Origin of the Family  (Engels.)
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific (Engels.)
Germs of Mind In Plants.
(Prices Include express  charges)
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Pnrty of Canada, In convention assemtili .1 affirm
our allegiance to anil support of tbfl principles and progmnii. of thi
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the product is It should helot -:
The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership ot
the means of production, consequently all the products of lahc belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession i the reins
of government all the powers of the State will be iiBed to >*" ' ct uiul
defend their property richts In the means of wealth prodo '" ' ''H'1
their control of the product of labor.'
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever ■ lling
stream of profits, and to the worker nn ever-increasing mei "i oi
misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of ac'iln**
ItHelf free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition Uie wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the workln 'ass at tl e
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the i s'urma
tion of capitalist property In the means of wealth product. . to col-
lective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interest between the oapil list and
the worker Is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possess on of i?
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the workc. to secure 11
by political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under th* banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conqui - ''''
public powers for the purpose of setting up und enforcing the cconoinit
in-ogtamme of the working clnss, as follows:
1. The transformation, ns rapidly as possible, of CSpi aHsl I 'I'
erty In the means of wealth production (natural resource', fa lW.
mills, railroads, etc) into the collective property of the wo ti'.i. clSBU.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry bi
the workers. ,
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In office shall always nnd everywhere
until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to this *i'l*>!'
tlon its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance ths
Interests of the working class and aid the workers In their class strug
gle against capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party Is for it; If "
will not, the Sociallst-Pai ty is absolutely opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands In such a manner
as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
■•fSl    iii  ,
r-t'S OWN"    ir-,v*XVKS' on       u^'
iiF S7   JN B.C. flf»^
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5 Yearlies- $3.75
10 y2 " 4-°°
20^   "
4.00 SATURDAY JUNE 7, 1913
THE  WESTERN  CLARION,  VANCOUVER,   BRTTISH  COLUMBIA.
PAGE  THREE
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
Tlili   page   Is   devoted   to   reports   of   Executive   Committees    Locals    un,l
(Icii.irul l'urty Matters.     Address ull coinmunlcutloi s to i   H   n,,r^,.„i
"♦oratory,  r,IC Muln St,  Vuncouvcr, H   (.lun"-ullor"- •*> J. H. Burrough.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS
Write on one side of the paper only,
Do not put tho words or lines too close
together. Do not abbreviate your
words. If sending more than two
sheets, number them consecutively,
Id.ivlng a margin on the left side for
the purpose. Do this, and we will rise
up and call you blessed.
DOMimOlf  EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Viineouvi r,  H.C., May  Kith.   Ili|;i.
Convened ol ill Main st  ut * p.m.
preaent: Kuiiim. Connor, Karma, und
Hucretary,   Kiiiine In ths chair,
Correapondenoa dealt with from I'h.
I'uughnan. Montreal: T n Pratt. Local
v..    I.   I'Ldmiinion;   C,   M.  O'Brlei    Mao*
1 1,   Altn.;  C,   ft   SclunlT.  Mllliit,   Allii.;
1 in i■ Cochrane, Sec Maritime Kxecutive
I'liliiinltt.'c;   ■!     A    S    Smith     iiihI     .hm
in. id.ui,  Local  Hdmonton  N«.   I;  Burl
i;     \iiil'isnn.   Sec.    Altn.    Kjr.cr ,      |.\     11.
sinii. KananaaKlSi Mi" . ,1. li. Osboroa,
..ii Hind, i'ul und cx-nii mln i s of Tot-
i.iiiuiii.  Branch,  S   P,  O,   B,
Communication from ihe lust ordered
imlillsheil. Ai iiiiig.ini ut uf route for
i Mm.mis- iisiii.rne nofl September lefl in
hands of Sccii'tiuy. Communications
umiii Local Bdinonton referred t.. Com*
i ,,i,   Tomashavsky     The    other    ooro*
lllllllli lllll.llS    III.'.I
lull- I'rlntlug und mulling '.>11• >11
\n 720, |ss7ti. ■•illllng, $10.00: P, O
"liunlis,   •      P    <>    li.'lit..   $:t id
charter irsnted to Local Star lildge,
vim .  Nn, S3,    i j4  members i
.in motion nf Com Rehire, seconded
i,\ Com, Connor, secretary waa authorised tn draw 110.00 per *Mk for each
week tha Clarion wus not published,
Secretary reported thai hs had written
Coin. O'Brien, requesting him u. com*
in the I'niiKt before siiirtlng on ills sug-
si -iIt'.l   tour  to   the   Baal
-financial  Bettor*.     (Mar   10-16.)
H.-reipta—
riarlon suhx. ItLsi
i hii Ion hun.il s         1,80
(Marlon fun ' 11.45
wm.   Davenport,   nt.iuture i.oo
.'   m   O'Brien,  advance order for
1,000 COpISS of Socialism und the
Survival   of   the   Fittest 80.00
Maritime  Kxecutive.  due stumps ... Ii.00
viui   executive, oharter fee. 1.00
Alta.   Kxecutive. supplies 1.50
Refund  from  Horn.  Express  Co. .20
Total         195.70
Expenses—As   per   warrant"      $114.55
Adjournment.
.i. ii. HritRorau. sooty.
12.  C.  EXECUTIVE  COMMITTEE.
Convened* as.above, Karma In the
chair,
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
as   read.
Communications received from R.
Waik.r. Cumberland: J. P. Johnson, Sec
Local Enderby No ff; J. A. Austin. Sec.
Local    Nelson    No    4;   Claud.-     Orchard.
s.c   Local Kamloops No   50;  Albert B.
Hart.  Sec.   Local  Fernle  No.   17:   Win.   E.
Bell, Bee, Local Ft  Qeorse No. Tl; John
Mi Innls. Sec. Loral So. Ft. George No.
61; II DalaTlelsh. See. Local Victoria No.
2; Kennv Mclnnls. Sec Sllverton Miners'
Fnlon; T. s, Cassidy, Bo. Wolllrlgton; W.
Qrlbble, Arrowhead; und s. i>. p. Executive. Nanalmo.
Hills.-- None.
Secr.-turv   reported   that   the     request
from the s. l>. P. for publication ol the
date of ttu'lr forthcoming convention In
Vancouver had arrived loo late for publication   In   that     week's     Issue.     Com.
Cassidy   reported  g I    meetings    and
prospects on Vancouver island, and was
getting good financial support, Cumberland t.oc-il hud put two comrades In
fn field to help in the organisation
work and push the circulation of the
Clarion, and asked for assistance In the
w.-iv   nf   literature.
Reports accepted and Secretary instructed tu forward receipt fur $10.'Hi
handed  to Com.  Cassl.lv  In   Victoria, and
to  credit  same   to   v   I     Organisation
Fund. A supply of literature and I. af-
lets ordered sent to Com. Goodwin at
N**in"Umo. The other communications
t'dc.i    Warrant ordered drawn to cover
"ii.on handed to Com. Cassidy on Mav
10, I
FlnancUl   "Report.
Receipt   -
Local    Fort   (le.irge     No.     71,     due
stump.'                      I 1.60
i ocal  Fori  C' urge No. 71. supplies l.ti"
Local i*i  Oeorge No. Tl, literature .30
I oca]  So   Ft. Oeorge, due stamps . 5.00
Cummin  Ion  on   Joh  printing 3.75
Totnl      $13.25
Expense*—As per warrant $10.00
"• djournment
.1.   H.   BURROUGH,   Secty.
DOMimOR EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Vancouver.  B.C., May  23.  1913
Convened nt  516   Main  St    at   8  p.m.
Preaent!     Rahim.   Pritchard,   Connor,
ind   Secretary.     Pritchard   In   the  chair.
Minutes   of   previous   meeting   adopted
as  read.
Correspondence —'Prom Sask. Kxecutive '*, a nlttee. ner D. McMillan, Sec.:
■lack T.wiidnn. California: The Macmlllan
Co., Toronto: C. E. Scharff, Vlll. tt,
Altai: T Becltner, Lethbridge; .1. Watson, Vinnlpeg; T. i> Pratt Lit. .ve.-nt.
Local  Edmonton No. I; Wilfrid Qrlbble,
"•iriivvl.-nd nnd Fernle, B, C.; A, (I. McCallum, Ottawa; J. M. Pent nml Son-.,
publishers,   Toronto:   Moses   BarltX,     St.
Catherines: it. c. MoCutcheon, sec. Local
Winnipeg No. 1: Alex. Paterson. N. Bat*
tl.r.ird: W. Green, Toronto: J. It. Knight,
Edmonton;  Pnvtd  Thomson,  Bee.  Local
No. 30. St. Catherines. Ont.: II Dalg-
l.'lsh. Sec. Local No. J, Victoria; .1 Hart-
lev. Winnipeg: nnd II. K. York, Kcnora,
Ont.
Secretary reported thut the charter
application despatched from Kenoru lia.l
not been received, and there vvni no
trace of It l„ tl,,. p. O. lie had written
Com. York, glvlnir Instructions and enclosing   regular   application   form.       Ad-
verttslng rate had heen submitted to
I'ent nnd Suns. Toronto.
Action on these and other mutters endorsed. Secretary Instructed re answer
to the Saskatchewan Kxecutive. letter
from C ,E. gohartt ordered published,
and   nil   enrresponm nee  ordered   tiled.
Bills.—Dom. Express Co.. $4.55; typewriter account, $10.mi; telegram, $1.00:
,*. T Klngsley. printing Orennlzatloii
Fund cards and sub. lilanks, |25.26: ed-
Itlni* Clarion NO, TlM, $10.00; total $50.SO.
Warrants   ordered   drawn.
Financial   Baport.
Receipts—
'Mln.    Kxecutive,   supplies $     SO
Clarion fund      87.85
clarion (tubs  1*1.111
clarion bundles         s-70
cinrion directory     3M
clurlon rush   ...'       .10
Literature        .2b
Total    101.85
Expenses—As   l   r   vviirrants $50.SO
Adjournment.
*    H.   l'URKOrOU,   Secty.
B. O. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Convened us above. Prlt'-hnrd In the
chair.
MlnUteS of previous meeting adopted
as read.
Correspondence — Emm Organiser
Cassidy, nt So, Wellington, Nanalmn nnd
Victoria; Mrs. Thos. Gray, Mnru: Steve
Lollmnn,   Enderbv;   Oeo.   Wnlton.    Nitk-
usp; Tims. Carnsy, Sec. Local Cumberland No. 70; nftd Holit. Allium, Fernle.
Organizer Cnssi.iv's communications
were ]H|,| 0V(,r tn New Business, other
correspondence  filed.
Com, Cassidy wus present, nnd submitted his report of the work accomplished .in  Vancouver Island.    The  situa
tion wus thoroughly discussed, und notion taken approved. Secretary Instructed to usk the provincial membership to
raise funds for the punhuse of a motor*
cycle for the use of organisers In the
pro' luce,
Charters grunted to Local extension
No, Tl i^i members), and Local North*
Held No. Lit (ti members.) Local Bali nslon  to  remit  hulunce  of chui ter  fee
ut  their convenience.
Coin. CaSSldy reported moneys banded
tu hi in for the work hy comrades on tit*
Island. Report received. Receipts ordered forwarded to donors to the Vancouver Island Or unlzing Fund for
in ni'V.1 liun.led to Com. Cassidy, and
Warrant ordered drawn to cover expenditures   Incurred   und  another   advance   to
com. Cassidy, totalling  $4o.5o
Financial   Beport.
Receipts -
I,Itemlure  sales   $12.S5
Jas,       Cuthhertson,       Oreenwood,
ineiiiher-at-large,   dues          1,00
Viui.   Is.   Organizing   Fund  67.50
Looal  Noitlitleld, charter fee     6.00
Local  Kxtenslon, charter fee  (purt
payment)          -.oo
Total    $78.35
Expenses, us per  warrant   40.60
Adjournment.
J.  II.  BURROUGH,  Secty.
SECRETARIAL.
TO LITERATURE AGENTS.
Socialism and the Survival of thc
Fittest will be Issued in pamphlet
form. It will be put on the press
when sufficient advnnco orders have
been received to justify doing so.
Price, $2.00 per 100, 25c per doz.
Single copies, be,
During the week the secretaries of
the II ('. Locals wlll have received
the new cards Issued for collecting
funds for organizing and propaganda
In II. ('. The opecial need of the
money Just now Is urgent.
• •    e
The Blttiation on the Island is one
so favorable that it cannot be expected to recur for some time, and
It ls imperative that we make the
most of It. So far as possible, we
have made the most of the opportunity. Com. T. S. Cassidy has been
kept in the field for two weeks. He
haB addressed meetings at South Wellington, Extension, Northfield, Cumberland, Nanalmo, and Ladysmith.
Locals of twenty-four charter members
each have been formed at Northfield
and Extension, and a large quantity
of literature has been and is being
scattered.
• •   • *
No collections are being asked at
these meetings on account of the
prolonged strike, and Com. Cassldy's
expenses have been met by the Locals
at Cumberland and Victoria, with assistance from the B. C. Executive and
Individual contributions.
• * »
Railway travelling is expensive and
not always convenient at that, as regards time of arrival and departure
of trains. This is true, not only on
the Island, but all along the line on
the mainland.
* * *
Wanted—A Motor-Cycle 1
With a motor-cycle no organizer
would be dependent on the C. P. R.
time-table. With it he can reach
places that the railroad does not approach, but where slaves are ready
and willing to listen to what he has
to say. He can cover constituencies
like Cumberland at the minimum of
expense (about 30 cents a day for
gasoline, and say $1.00 a day for
meals. Sleeping In the mining and
other camps would, In most places,
cost nothing, also meals.) He can
pay his way by selling literature and
Clarions, holding meetings wherever
he can flnd half a dozen slaves not
too tired to listen. The whole provincial movement, now so difficult to
keep in a state of acti*vity owing to
the Isolated position of many of the
Locals, could be kept in touch with
each centre anil with the Provincial
Executive. They would all feel that
they belonged to a real organization
and not, as Is so largely the case at
present, one that chiefly displays activity Just previous to an election.
• •   •
There are other parts of the province that can benefit. There Is the
Fort George country, all the mining
and logging camps ln the Kootenays
and the Okanagan farmers. There is
the Boundary country, all the mining
camps In the neighborhood of the
Arrow Lakes, where steamboat and
rail communication ls Ill-timed for
our purposes, organizers having to
stay a whole day at each place to
make connections, with all the extra
expense of hotel board and lodging.
There are the camps of the Crow's
Nest, where a permanent organizer is
badly needed.
a    a   a
There is work enough  In sight to
keep two organizers on  motor-cycles
all summer.   Let us get one first, and
when  wo  see how  easy It is to do
it, we'll get another.
• e e
How to Get It.
Listen! Let each and every member of each and every Local In n. C.
take one of the Organization Fund
cards from the secretary of the Local,
and pledge himself "upon a bloodstained putty knife," In the dark of
the moon, that he will not return
until he has collected at least $1.00
for the Organizing Fund. It will only
take ten names of ten cents each to
make a dollar, and that ought to be
easy. Take more, of course, If it is
offered, but don't allow yourself to
dream of turning in anything less
than $1.00. Then take out another
card, and repeat the trick once more,
and wo will have the motorcycle.
* e *
This is a proposition ln which the
Isolated  Locals  should  take a lively
Interest, for they will feel the benefit
Immediately, and the scattered mem-
bers-at-large will flnd that they are
something else than mere card holders, and the party wlll be able to
get the benefit of their assistance to
the travelling organizers In the matter of advice as to routes, advertising
meetings, securing halls, etc., in advance of the organizer's appearance.
* *   *
The circulation of the Clarion would
Immediately feel the impetus the
whole movement was receiving, and
we would soon have the weekly again,
larger and better than it was before.
• e    •
R. C. has produced the best and
most revolutionary Socialist movement in the British Empire. They
are saying now that we are running
to seed, that we are not the men and
women we used to be, that we have
developed into a bunch of hair-splitting philosophers spitting, all over the
stove, and there is no more any good
ln us. Well, let's Bhow them! Let's
be ''patriotic" for a change, and show
our critics that the B. C. reds are
as good as ever they were, and a
darned sight better than they when
It comes to doing something that is
going to count. Can't we get that
cycle In 14 days?
OH I    GO TO IT!
CrLAxXIOW TVWTj.
(Maintenance.)
Beceipta.
British  Columbia—
Local   Kamloops  No.   50 t  2.25
Local    Vancouver    No.    45
(Finnish)       (Proceeds     of
May-Iiav   dance)         9.7.0
It.  J.   Pratt  10.00
8.   Cormier        1.00
Mrs.   Thos.   Gray     2.60
Steve   Lellman    1.00
 $26.65
Alberta—
Local  Calgary No.   4 t 2.20
C.   E.   ScnarIT 50
H.   Kingsep    50
W.   McKay    26
 }  3.45
Ontario—
J.   Haffey    $  1.00
A.   Alexander   25
J.   Kinnear        2.00
A. Leckie  26
W.  J.   McCallum 26
A. O. McCallum 25
(Vim.   Oldham    20
A.   Benensobn   10
Thos.  Richardson  25
 $  4.55
Saskatchewan—
Alex.   Peterson    $ 1.00
A  Friend       4.65
 $   5.65
Manitoba—
Local  Winnipeg No.   1 $15.00
H.   C.   McOutcheon     5.00
II.   Laldlaw    25
Jas.   Hibblngton   25
 $20.50
Qnebeo—
Local   Montreal   No.   1     1.50    1.50
Maritime
Local   St.   John   No.   1     5.00    5.00
Balance in hand, May 26.... $67.20
CEABIOB  PUBLISHING  ACCOUHT.
Ho.  731.
Receipts—
SubS $  67.85
Pundles        10.20
Directory           4.00
Cash     10
$ 84.18
Literature   sales        41.35
$125.50
Expenses—
Printing and mailing $ 91.00
Editing        10.00
$101.00
Hots.—The Clarion receipt*, proper,
aside from the literature sales, are
still short, although lt Is but little, of
meeting tlie cost of production. Keep on
a« you are doing, and in u short time
we will have a bigger paper, producing
a revenue for organization purposes.
.1. II. BURROUGH, Sec. U.E.C.
B. C.  OBQA-imiNO FUND.
(With   which   is   now   merged   the   Vancouver  Island  Organizing Fund.)
Receipts—
Balance   in   hand,   Mav   17 $  2.00
R.   C.    Executive  10.00
O.   T.   W   10.Q0
H.   R      2.00
A  Friend     15.00
P. W      6.00
Local Cumberland No.  70     S.50
Local   Victoria  No.   2   25.00
Geo.   Walton        1.00
i 	
Totnl   receipts   to   May   26 $78.50
Expenditures—
To  Organizer  Cassidy  40.50
Ralance In hand, Mav 27 $3S.00
J. H. RURROUGH, Sec. P.E.C.
COMMUHIOATIOHS   RECEIVED.
p. 7... Cumberland; "W," City; Wm.
Lewis. Calgary; H. J. R. H., Hardy Bay;
John Plll-ington: C. Nel; R. Walker,
Cumberland: W. Grlpble; T. A. Gooding,
Sask.    IF.led  for future use).
i\«Ti7l1ett7 alta.
Ed. Clarion—Enclosed 75 cents for
one yearly subscription.
Fraternally yours,
COMRADE C. E. SCHARFF.
P. S.—In order to keep the Western
Clarion in existence, would It not be
possible for several hundred comrades
to subscribe $5.00 annually? If so, you
can make me a starter, as I am willing
to subscribe $5.00. C. E. S.
NORTH   BATTLEFORD.
May 15, 1913.
Editor Clarion,—-I enclose herewith
$1.00 as May payment as per my
promise. Hope things will look up
financially for the paper soon.
Would It be possible to get all
those editorials, etc., of McK.'s published In* book form. I'm certain they
would sell well and it might be possible for the paper to make some
money as the selling agent for the
book.
It would be good to hear from some
of the other readers of the Clarion re
this matter, as I am certain "Essays
on Socialism" by McK. would be a
good seller in Canada.
Yours in the big flght,
ALEX.  PATERSON.
The high cost of living is due primarily to the constant depreciation in
the value of gold.
Profits are derived from the surplus
value wrung from the unpaid labor of
the  workers.
HERE AND NOW.
By Little Yorkie.
A premium consisting of the choice
of $6.00 worth of Socialist books published by Chas. H. Kerr, Chicago, will
be given to every comrade who sends
In 50 yearly subs., or the equivalent in
half-yearlies and quarterlies. No time
limit.
This is a good chance for small
locals to pool their efforts and get a
library of Socialist classics.
We have a longer list of subs, to
acknowledge this week than Is usually the case, owing to several comrades making a special effort to place
their names with the first list of
prizewinners.
Com. Cribble has been on the warpath, fighting for freedom and succeeded in leading 9 yearlies and 1
quarterly, while Com. T. O. Shier has
done almost as well by inducing 8
more slaves to read the best working
class paper in the country.
Com. Goodwin, of Cumberland, B.C.,
is working hard helping to spread the
light on Vancouver Island for he sends
In 6 yearlles and 2 half yearlies, and
Com. W. Green is doing his best to
beat him in Toronto by sending 5
yearlies.
Com. J. G. Meldrum also sends in
5 yearlles from Vancouver.
We also have a comrade making
things go in the small town of Beaver-
dell, B. C., for he also sends in 5
yearies.
Don't forget, boys, $6 worth of books
for each and every comrade who gets
50 marks.   One mark for one yearling.
Here is a list of the boys from the
thick of the flght:
Months
12   6   3
W.   Gribble    9 1
F. O. Shier    8
Com. Goodwin (Cumberland)    6   2
W. Green  (Toronto)    5
J. G.  Meldrum   (City)  6
Com. M. W. S. (Beaverdell) 5
M. Lightstone   (Hamilton).... 1 11
C. M. Christiansen (Calgary) 3   2
V. Frodsham  (Calgary)  1 4
J. Jenkins (City)  3   2
J. Watson (Winnipeg)  2   1   1
W. McQuold  (Edmonton)  2
Com. Godwin   2
J. N. S. (City)   1    2
H. Adie (Calgary)  1   2
S. Larson (Alta.)  1   2
Local Rossland No. 10  1 1
W. Dalglelsh (Victoria)  1   1
A. J.  Silverwood   (Fernie).... 1   1
M. Falrburn   1
Local Glace Bay (N.S.)..,  1
Antoine    Wellsch    (Stewart
Valley)     1
Com. Cassidy (Ladysmith).... 1
Com. Petzold   1        1
J. H. B.  (City)  1
W.  Wilson   (New  West.)  1
Nels   Nelson   (V.I.)  1
Com. S. Dall (Montreal)  1
S. Draugsholt   1
J. Kneeshaw (Cal.)  1
C. M. O'Brien  (Alta.)  1
H. Erwin   1
T. Hughes (Blairmore, Alta.) 1
W. J. Seyers  1
Erick Johnson (Oregon)         t
W. B. Bird (Regina).»         1'
D. Thomson (St. Caths.)  2
D. Forrest   2
G. Holmes (Alta.)         1
T. P. Pratt (Wankville, Or.) 1
T. C. Makepeace (Lacombe) 2
R. H. White (Calgary)         1 .
Burt E. Anderson (Calgary) 1
A. E. Fay (Montreal)  3
R. R. McCormlck   1
H.  Marten  (Fernie)         1
R. Williams  (Fernie)  1
Faughnan, (.Montreal)   1
A. Wiche (Herbert, Sask.)....   1
TO    THE    80CIALI8T    PARTY
CANADA.
OF
The strike in Belgium was for manhood suffrage, and the strikers forced
the government to recognize from its
haughty throne that the working
class was a power when organized
along the lines of class interest. The
workers demanded an equal voice
with the employer and clerical fraternity, and the government waa forced
to give consideration to the demands
of labor.
There are a number of revolutionists in America who hold that the
ballot Is but a "paper wad" anil a
useless weapon in the hands of the
working class to redress wrong. If
the ballot is useless and Impotent in
the hands of labor, then the strikers
of Belgium are foolish, for only fools
would declare a strike for tho use
of a weapon that is worthless In the
flght of labor against economic slavery.
Again, lf the ballot is impotent and
worthless to the working class, then
employers and all the Influences that
combined to resist the demands of the
strikers of Belgium are likewise foolish, for if the ballot In the hands of
the workers is impotent and worthless, then Capital should make no light
against labor being granted manhood
suffrage.
The wise men who exclaim "hit the
ballot with an axe," should send their
missionaries to Belgium to convert
the unsophisticated, so that hundreds
of thousands of men who won a strike
Dear Comrades:—You will probably
be surprised to receive a communication from the E. C. of the S. P. G. B.,
containing a repudiation of the resolution of regret at the passing of the
'Western Clarion" sent to you by the
Tottenham branch of the party. We,
who were members of that branch,
are able to throw some light on this
matter; also, incidentally, on the narrow, bigoted attitude which has to a
great extent been taken up by the
S. P. G. B.
We may say that when it was understood that the Clarion had suspended publication, lt suggested at the
E. C. meeting that a note of regret
should be inserted in the "Socialist
Standard." This, however, was voted
down by a section of the committee
who have since proved that their one
desire ls to dominate the party.
The Tottenham branch, however, being, as you know, subscribers to the
"Western Clarion," had a better conception of the meaning of international solidarity and the spirit of
comradeship that should prevail ln
the Socialist movement. They therefore passed, with one dissentient, the
resolution referred to above. This appeared to Infuriate the E. C. The
members of the Tottenham branch
were denounced as anti-Socialists,
anarchists, and other things, too horrible to mention.
The Western Clarion was described
as an anti-Socialist paper, at whose
death we all should rejoice. Stupid
remarks were passed by E. C. members. In fact, one enlightened gentleman stated that the Clarion disparaged the Standard and was jealous of
Its Canadian circulation. One (a fanatic, we know him well) seriously
suggested that we should be pleased
the Clarion had gone because the
Standard subs would increase. This
was the petty tradesman's attitude
presented by the E. C. of the S. P. G.
B. They also at the same time solemnly discussed whether they should
put the title "Socialist Party of Canada" in quotation marks when communicating with you, to show that
they did not accept you as such.
The tales that were told regarding
jour unsound attitude on religion, industrial unionism and Asiatic immi-
graton were positively blood-curdling.
After liberally dosing the party membership with this kjnd of stuff (most
of the poor fellows have never seen
the Clarion), the E. C, being unable
to prevail upon the Tottenham branch
to rescind the resolution, decided to
take a party referendum on this matter: "Should the Tottenham branch be
called upon to rescind the resolution?"
The matter was disgracefully rushed,
many members voting before the Tottenham branch had a chance to submit their case.
(We issued to each branch of the
party a statement, copy enclosed.)
The party decided against the Tottenham branch. This "party opinion"
was manufactured by methods just as
dirty and unscrupulous as those
adopted by the capitalist press when
preparing "public opinion." Having
secured a "mandate" from the party,
Ihey brought pressure to bear upon
the Tottenham branch in order to
force the members of the branch to
rescind the resolution before the conference.
This the E. C. failed to do. The
prime movers, in fact, the only movers In the anti-Western Clarion crusade came down as a special E. C.
deputation to Tottenham, alternately
pleaded with and threatened the
branch members, with the result that
9 voted for the rescindment, 9 against,
and 4 abstained. Twenty-two members were present. Even those who
voted.for the recisslon of the resolution were more frightened by threat
of expulsion than anything else.
The whole business was a sordid,
spiteful exhibition of narrowness and
quibbling. The spirit of Socialism was
altogether lacking. Our names were
taken in order that the party machinery should be put Into operation
against us. That being the S. P. Ol B.
spirit, there was nothing for it but to
hand in our resignations, which we
did. Since this inglorious episode the
branch has been called together again
ond with E. C. members working on
their fears, together with the connivance of a chairman, who refused to
allow discussion, the members were
induced to rescind the resolution.
We have briefly detailed the position. What do you think of lt, comrades? For us it has its sad, but also
Its humorous side. It proves that one
or two men ln the S. P. G. B. are
egomaniacs, blinded to the significance of the workers' world-wide
movement by a conception of their
own importance.
A great deal of controversy was recently caused by one of these gentlemen blatantly claiming from the platform that the S. P. G. B.. was the only
Socialist, party wherever the Anglo-
Saxon tongue was spoken. People of
this typo are dangerous enemies to
working class solidarity, and as such
must be swept out of the way. Unfortunately, so far as the S. P. G. B.
is concerned, this work has yet to be
Ignore such childish manifestations of
Calvinlstic ineptitude.
Yours in the revolutionary cause,
CHARLES J. GINGER.
RICHARD  FOX.
ALLEN J. BARNSLEY.
STATEMENT     of     tb*     TOTTEirXAM
Si-snob  (THE BOCIAI-XaT LFABTT of
Great Brit. In)  on tb* tj-assUon of tbs
"WEBTESH  CsAAmlOwT'
(Copy of Circular X«ttsr Bant to locals
of tbs 8. P. O. B. by tbe Tott-mbam
Branch.)
Comrades,—As the obove matter has
been dealt wltb in E. C. reports we
hereby issue thla brief statement ln
order to make our position clear.
The Tottenham Branch have for soms
montha past been subscribers to the
"Wen tern Clarion." We were Informed
hy our Canadian comrades that the
"Western Clarion" was compelled to
suspend publication. We, thereupon,
passed a resolution of regret and a wish
for Its speedy resurrection. A copy of
thle. resolution was sent to the E. C. on
the suRgestlon of an opponent of the
resolution. Upon receiving this, the
I-:. C. requested us to hold a special
meeting on the matter and to meet s.
deputation from them. This we declined
to do on the grounds that it waB branch
business and was not of sufficient Importance to warrant the holding of a
special meeting. We, however, Intimated
our willingness to meet an E. C. deputation on the question at our ordinary
branch meeting. We would here point
out that lt was the Tottenham branch
alone which was concerned ln relation
to what arose out of Its subscription to
the "Western Clarion."
We who read the "Western Clarion"
have no hesitation ln affirming Its utility
as a genuine revolutionary working
class paper whose loss all those who
really desire working class enlightenment should deplore. Further, the references which have appeared ln the
"Socialist Standard" re the "Western
Clarton" have been congratulatory In
character, a fact which should be remembered In view of the recent discovery of the E. C. that lt was an antl-
Sociallst paper. Our attitude towards
lt is in direct line with the Party attitude expressed In tbe columns of the
"Socialist Standard" during the past.
The resolution does not endorse everything that has appeared In the "Western
Clarion," as some would seem to Imagine.
It is also Interesting to observe that
whereas the S. P. of Canada has now
(according to the E. C.) suddenly become an antl-Soclallst Party, the Individual who most vehemently claims this
to be so. viz., Comrade Anderson, took
the chair for Comrade Watklns of the
S. P. of Canada, when he spoke In Tottenham, and there told the audience
that our movement was the only movement that could bring a man from the
other side of the world to state exactly
the same position as we did here. At
that time a member of the S. P. of Canada was In our movement, now he ls ln
the anti-Socialist movement, and we are
supposed to endorse It every time under
naln of being denounced as non-Soclal-
Ists. We decline to change our attitude
according to the state of somebody-
else's liver.
The E. C. then demanded a special
meeting within three weeks, leaving
date, time and place to us; We called
one for the first Saturday after we received the notification, and acquainted
the E. C. to that effect. The E. C. then
wanted us to engage a special hall capable of seating a hundred, in spite of
the fact that less than a hundred attended the Party meeting re paid secretary. We held the special meeting first
referred to as per demand, and there
decided that we would take no further
action in the matter. We deny the right
of the E. C. to say where we shall hold
our branch meetings, and thought the
special branch meeting useless, though
of course we held it, under protest. No
one can decide what we regret other
than ourselves. Even if we rescinded
the resolution it would not alter the
fact that we did. and do, regret the
passing of the W. C. Neither the E. C.
nor a party vote can touch that. It is
simply a case of hurt dignity. The E. C.
feel sore that we should venture to have
an opinion different from theirs. We
stand for the freedom of branches In
matters of this kind. We don't wish to
see branches merely registering E. C.
decisions—erratic or otherwise.
| We further protest against the E. C.
| wasting valuable time and homperlng
1 our work for Socialism to engage In a
fruitless controversy like this. The
E. C. would be well advised to cease
trying to dragoon the Party and turn
Its attention to the wide fruitful field
which awaits its attention. At present
they seem to think more of dominating
the Party membership than of Socialism.
This is Intolerable in a democratic party
and we emphatically protest against It.
AROUND THE "TAYLOR"8YSTEM.
for the ballot may be convinced of the
error of their ways.—Miners'   Maga-1 done.   Fortunately the workers In the
zlne. ' process   of   becoming   revolutionists
The ill-famed "Taylor" system of
scientific management is being developed rapidly in the interest of tbe
dividend hunter, without any regard
being paid to the poor worker, who,
in the long run, is materially and
physically exploited more than he
was ever before. It ls reported that
an American firm has recently put a
cinematograph in operation in one of
their workshops, which, they claim,
has already given "remarkable results." Every detail of the work performed by a first-class worker, who
has been put on to a certain job, is
reproduced on the film, while at the
same time a stop watch records the
time employed for every move. The
best films are afterwards shown to
the other workers of the same shop,
enabling them to imitate the time-
saving performance of their best
mate, who, by the way, had been
especially taught his task beforehand.
It has thus been possible to perform
certain work In nine minutes, which,
according to cinematograph and stopwatch, necessitated 37 minutes before.
It Is claimed that this particular firm
was consequently able to raise their
men's wages by almost 20 per cent,
as soon as all the men had learned
to do their work in compliance with
the model performances given them
by the cinematograph. No machine
has been employed as yet, however,
which might tell us of the sad effects
of this scientific exploitation on body
and soul of the men and on their
class.—(International News Letter.)
There is no hope for the working
class, whether employed or not, while
this cursed system lasts. Socialism
alone will free us from the uncertainties of living pertaining to Capitalism.
Every opportunity should be taken
to push the sale of the party organ,
with a view not only to present needs,
but to enlargement. The paper ls
worth special atteutlon—see that lt
gets it.
It  Is a crime to commit    suicide.
I Don't kill yourself with hard work.    ' PAGE FOUR
THE  WESTERN  CLARION,  VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY .'. JUNE ,
RANDOM   REMARKS ON THE
LETHBRIDGE   CAMPAIGN.
I
I
"The real reason was that they
desired to hold their organization, and
would rather support a candidate of
the Labor Unions than the sitting
member."
The above is a paragraph from a
letter which appeared la the Fernle
Ledger of the 10th Inst., written by
C. Stubbs, president of District 18,
U. M. W. A., and coming from such
a source it merits our consideration,
as I know of no person better qualified to give the real reason of any
action of the Liberal Government in
regard to the Lethbridge campaign
than he.
But although enjoying the confidence
of the Slfton-Cross combination,
Stubbs can hardly be expected to divulge the whole truth, because it
would not conduce to his material
interest, and then again, truth with
a loss of power, would be a crime to
one whose mind ls dominated by "Red-
beard's" philosophy. I did not intend
to write concerning the election until
settled on my estate in the Arctic
regions, but these miserable liars
seem likely to presume on my silence, so before going into exile I
will a little tale unfold and leave the
reader to draw his own conclusions.
A Liberal-Labor alliance could add
very little to the strength of the
Liberals ln the Lethbridge constituency as it was before the redistribution or gerrymander, there being
only about 8 per cent, of the workers
organized at that time. After the redistribution Diamond City, Chinook
and Coalhurst (all mining camps)
were tacked on to the constituency,
but of course there was no thought
of either Jones or Stubbs being a
candidate at that time—it just happened that way. Refreshing innocence! Even the endorsation is mentioned as something entirely unexpected, when all Lethbridge was
aware that J. O. Jones was to be
the Liberal candidate before the Labor
convention was convened.
The real reason of the Liberal endorsation is that J. O. Jones had previously satisfied the party leaders that
he could be useful to them: which
means that in return for a seat in
the legislature, carrying with it a
little better security of the means of
life, he would use the prestige the vice-
presidency of District 18 gave him
to Influence the miners to return the
Liberal administration.
The tactics pursued by our opponents during the campaign were of the
usual order; cigars were generously
distributed and booze flowed freely.
Especially was this noticeable in the
prohibition districts of Diamond City
and Chinook. Big Karl and another
of the organizers on the payroll of the
U. M. W. A. were employed among the
foreign element making a house to
house canvass, using for their purpose a form similar to the ballot, and
marked with a cross opposite the
name of J. O. Jones. Secretary Moore
of Local No. 3 (a member of the
Liberal Association) arranged a special meeting of the Union at a time he
knew the Socialist members could not
be present, and with the assistance
of Karl, who marshalled the Slav
forces, lobbied through a motion
granting a donation of $100 to the
Liberal-Labor candidate. This being
the only money our opponents were
able to engineer from any Union funds
it would be interesting to know how
far a $100 bill went in covering their
campaign expenses—the cigars, the
booze, the motor cars, aud the wages,
of the political hirelings and mental
prostitutes.
The stratagems of the politicians
were supplemented by the subtle Influence of the Roman Catholic priest,
who on the Sunday immediately preceding the election strongly advised
his flock not to vote for Socialism, but
In spite of this many workers of that
particular religious belief not only
voted their class ticket, but took an
active part In the campaign.
The Alberta Federationist, a Labor
(?) paper under the editorship of
L. T. English, was at the service of
the Liberal-Labors, but the labor
world Is by this time fully aware of
the part played by English In this
farcical political comedy, and as his
lack of diplomacy wlll probably disqualify him from the further confidences of those behind the scenes, I
will leave him to his mourning. The
one who was the prime mover in the
Liberal-Labor alliance in their futile
effort to defeat the Socialists diecreet-
ly withdrew to the Coast when he
saw the storm clouds gathering, leaving his dupes to muddle through as
best they could. That he wlll figure
again In the Labor movement Is extremely doubtful, as the workers are
not so easily a prey to the seductive
wiles of the political mountebank today as they were a few years ago.
We fought on strictly class lines;
therefore our vote (about 12 per cent.
of the total) is a true guage of tne
strength of the movement in Lethbridge constituency. From the mining camps came the majority of our
votes. In Diamond City, where they
have an active Socialist Local, we
had 51 to the Liberal-Labor 27, and
at No. 6 Mine our majority was 4.
Lethbridge Reds put up a  splendid,
flght and if their activities are continued, and I have no reason to think
otherwise, they will secure a government meal ticket for a Socialist organizer at the next election.
J.  R. KNIGHT.
POLITICS.
Upon consulting one of the many
editons of Webster's Dictionary I flnd
that politics ls the science of government. Upon looking for the definition
of government I flnd that It is administration or management.
My reason for looking into the matter is that the recent campaign in
Rocky Mountains furnished some peculiar contradictions in the science of
government   For instance:
Powell, the Llb.-I-ab. candidate
came before the electors with a "sanitary policy." His contention waB that
the workers in the Exshaw works
should have a wash-house, and if
elected he would see that tbey had
one. He would also see to it that a
better sanitary policy was inaugurated
in the coal camps. Working along
those HneB we would go "hon, and
hon, and hon, hendeavoring with
hever hincreasng hefforts and hen-
ithusiastic henergyto hameliorate the
present hawful condition of the workers." That Is politics, and consequently it must be the science of government.
Campbell, the Conservative, had a
different kind of science, which went
somewhat after this fashion: "My
dear friends, when I attempt to express my pleasure and appreciation,
in being thus permitted to address you,
I am forcibly reminded of the inadequacy of our English language, for
political purposes. However, I can
assure you that I appreciate the many
courtesies and kindnesses which have
been shown me by the progressive
citizens of this beautiful and prosperous town. As I gaze down into your
intelligent faces, I feel no hesitancy
in declaring that you will support me
in my demand for progressive legislation, and the control of our natural
resources. (Prolonged applause).
"If elected, I shall devote my entire time to the securing of better
educational facilities for our foreign
brothers who land on our shores with
no knowledge of our language. It
grieves me sorely when I contemplate
the awful disadvantages under which
our foreign brothers are compelled
to labor, through not being familiar
with the language of their new home.
"I have made many friends among
the dear miners here in the Crow, and
though I know nothing about mining,
I am going to come down here after
the election and live with you six
months if necessary, till I learn all
about coal mining. In the meantime,
in order to show you how much I appreciate your evident friendship, I am
going to exert my efforts in the direction of a mining commission. One
man to be chosen from the miners
and one from the operators, the third
to be chosen as an impartial man, and
the trio to deal out even level handed
justice to you, my dear friends. My
dear friends, I want to help you bo
much. Won't you let me do something for you? etc. Thank you, my
dear friends."
O'Brien, the Socialist, comes along
and shows the Impossibility of the
other two fulfilling their promises,
and that the only hope of the worker
lies in their educating themselves, so
that they can do the things necessary
to their well-being without depending
upon an impossible promise by one
who does not understand the economic laws which govern their daily
toil. Instead of appealing to all the
conflicting interests among the petty
bourgeoisie, O'Brien appeals directly
to the workers who make the existence of the others possible. Clean-cut
working-class politics. And that brings
into view another science of government, opposed to the two previously
mentioned.
Everything considered, O'Brien has
the best of it with tbe science of government advocated by him. Four
years ago when O'Brien was elected,
he got 555 votes out of approximately
1,500. On the 17th of April he received 1,018 votes, Campbell received
1,099, and Powell received 516. Making due allowance for the apparently
abundant funds possessed by the Conservatives and the chaos prevailing
generally in a political sense,
O'Brien's vote represents a Socialst
vote. They could not do it to-morrow
with only two candidates In the field.
The chaos mentioned was caused
partly by a flare-up ln union circles-
whlch caused the weaker ones among
the Socialist sympathisers to think
that one was like the other and tbat
they might as well put Campbell In
as O'Brien, as Charlie would go over
to the masters when he got his price.
Many of them are sorry even now
that they played as they did. The
main factor ln producting chaos is
that most of us, while professing to
be Socialists, have not studied sufficiently to be able to distinguish between one who really knows and one
who, possessing, a gift for ambiguous
verbosity, bluffs us Into thinking that
he knows.
A case in point is that of our erstwhile comrade Harry Smith of Coleman, who did service for the Conser
vative party during the last campaign.
SmJth is not and never has been
taken seriously by those who know
him, but with those who do not know
it is a clear proof that when a man
Is better posted, and more intelligent,
h-i repudiates Socialism as Impracticable and a theory of dreams. He
tagged around after Campbell, the
Conservative, and spoke his little
piece about the impossibility of one
being a Socialist after deep study.
He was probably prompted to take the
action he did because of his great
love for humanity.
The Conservatives evidently do not
consder Smith much of an acquisition,
as they are not advertising him very
extensively. A man who turns down
his class, whether worker or capitalist, merits and receives the contempt
of both classes.
However, the whole thing is something like a tempest in a teapot. No
one can sell us out. We sell ourselves and ln most cases we do so
willingly. We ourselves must know,
and when we do, individuals will not
be able to come along and tell us
something that may or may not be
in our interests. Knowledge is power,
and if the working class desire power
they must wise up. The strength and
importance of the Socialist movement
must be judged by its average intelligence  rather than  by  its  numbers.
Yes, we must know and then act.
Several of those who do not work-
directly at dangerous labor have told
me that they saw no reason why they
should jeopardize present condtions
of life, imperfect as they were, for
something which did not appear understandable even to those who advocated it. There may be some justification for the remark. We go to a
Socialist meeting, approve of what
the speaker says, call ourselves Socialists and expect the revolution to take
place as a natural result. Then there
is the one whose activities end with
a contribution of twenty-five cents,
and which must be acknowledged with
a fanfare. There is no doubt about the
sentiment prevailing in Alberta
among the producers, it is Socialistic.
But so far as definite organization
goes, chaos reigns supreme. There
is no necessity for systematic organ-
izaton, or we would have it, but with
proper organization and a constructive programme, fully two-thirds of
the voters in Rocky Mountain will
vote straight Socialist. And when it
conies to making trades or concessions with the government in power,
I view it like this; where trades or
concessions take place between two
divisions of society, it will usually
mean that the weaker of the two gets
the worst of the deal. The government of a given time is the social
strength of that time, and consequently it is reasonable to assume
that it will get what is coming to
it. Anyhow, just so long as we remain in a condition of indifference or
comparative ignorance, and are consequently obliged to delegate power
and authority to some individual to act
for us, that individual, whoever it
may be, may possibly grow weary of
our Indifference at some time, and
work with those who have power,
pelf and place to offer. And who can
blame them, and is it their understanding or ours that is. to blame?
There i» one thing certain, if we are
going to blame some one for O'Brien's
defeat, we can begin at home and
blame ourselves, which does not matter much after all. The masters consider us a bunch of dubs, and treat
us accordingly, and looking at the
situation as broadly as I am able, I
think they are justified in so doing.
We do not possess the intellectual
guts to look after our immediate daily
lives, and such being the case, we
would play hell running the industries
of the world, and administering them.
Now wouldn't we? Socialism is coming, alright, there is going to be a
change In social systems alright, alright, but it really don't look as
though we had put much of a crimp
in the capitalist up to the present
time. To sum up: noise and numbers
do not constitute a revolution. Wc
need an understanding.
L.  E.  DRAKE.
1913
THE  GENERAL  8TRIKE
IN   BELGIUM.
By EMILE VANDERVELDE.
The Belgian general strike is ended,
lt was what the will o* the proletariat
designed it to be—gigantic and peaceful. On the very flrst. day 300,000
ceased to work. Soon this number
was increased to 400,000, and for Al*
most two weeks this enormous maun
remained immobile and cool. Not an
act of violence was committed, "order" was not disturbed for a moment.
In order to estimate the value of
the result, we must start at the beginning and recall to mind tbe most
important crisis.
As Ib well known, all men 25 yearB
old are entitled to the suffrage under
the Belgian constitution, but as ln
Saxony the rich or well-to-do have
two or three votes, the poor only one.
In order to abolish this system of
plural voting, the Socialists have for
twenty years used all the means of
propaganda and persuasion. In the
last general elections held in Juno,
1912, they hoped to put an end to tho
clerical majority and to realize sufficient reform • by agreement with the
parties of the left. But these hopes
were shattered, because a certain
number of those possessing three
votes, although ordinarily voting for
Liberal candidates, failed to keep faith
because of class Instinct. The clericul
majority was not only destroyed, hut
increased from 6 to 16 votes. But the
result of these elections was an fm-
niedtate and genuine outburst against
the plural system of voting. In the
great industrial centers thousands of
workers struck spontaneously In order
to manifest their displeasure, ln Ver-
viere and Luettlch disturbances occurred that were very ruthlessly suppressed and affairs would probably
luive taken a still worse turn had not
the Labor party been successful In reestablishing peace, and this only by
passing a resolution to call at the opportune moment a general strike to
force revision of the constitution, and
hence the abolition of the plural suffrage.
Hut in contrast to similar and
earlier movements in Belgium and
elsewhere, it was not a question this
time of an imprisoned or stormy
strike, but one for which long, patient
and methodical preparation was made.
Commencing ln July and during the
months following, the entire energy of
the 1-Jibor party was devoted to preparation, A propaganda fund was
established by the co-operative socle-
ties, the labor unions and the political
(•roups; every two weeks manifests
and propaganda leaflets were distributed throughout the country. The
great labor unions decided to devote
a considerable part of their cash resources to the support of the strike.
Demands were made upon bourgeois
advocates of equal suffrage that they
support the strikers with money or by
caring for their children. And above
all else, a system of saving money
was established very successfully
i among the working class, in order to
' collect sufficient means for a strike
lasting three weeks of three or four
hundred thousand workers.
Especially In the two great provinces of Luettlch and Hennegan, this
frugality assumed such proportions
that retail trade was soon badly affected by the mere preparation for
the strike. .Many retail dealers saw
their sales diminish, 30, 40 and even
50 per cent. The traveling salesman
complained bitterly, Ihe excise authorities announced a considerable reduction in the tax paid on beer.
But then when, on February 12,
1913, the Chamber of Deputies refused
to place our demand for revision upon
the order of the day, and the general
strike was decreed fpr April 14, the
mere fact of the decree produced the
greatest confusion In the entire industrial world. Many employers did not
dare to accept, orders that they were
not certain of filling, or else foreign
competitors were favored with lhe orders. Especially in the harbor of Antwerp complaint was made that for
fear of the strike many ships were
directed to Hamburg or Rotterdam.
lu short, at a given moment the
crisis became so acute that mighty
efforts were made by bourgeois elements to arrange a compromise.
It was known that a majority of the
Ministry, influenced by the King, had
for some time been willing to compromise on revision at a more or less
distant future; but they were only
seeking to gain time in order to get
safely over the elections of 1914, and
that meanwhile they would have been
entirely willing to study the problem
of suffrage reform had they not feared to bring thus upon themselves the
disfavor of the reactionary elements
Of the Right.
The Liberal Deputies and the associations of merchants and manufacturers endeavored to induce them to
say publicly what they had already
said in the discussions in the Chamber, but. in vain. Even the burgomasters of the nine provincial capitals
intervened between the ministerial
leaders and the leaders of the workers, and demanded of the latter that
they abandon the strike, and of the
former that they study the question
of constitutional revision, and for a
moment every one was convinced that
their intervention would be crowned
with success.
In fact, on February 29 the President of the Ministry, de Broqueville,
authorized the burgomasters to Inform
the Labor party that the Ministers
"had the impression that the government, provided the strike manifesto
were withdrawn, would not refuse
conciliation and compensation." The
burgomasters, who delivered this communication to the strike committee,
called together In the city hall of
Brussels, added that under these conditions the cause of revision could be
considered won, and that it could not
be doubted that, ln case the dignity of
the government were protected by the
withdrawal of the strike decree, the
question of revision would be studied
and soon be decided in the affirmative
When the Socialist leaders received
this statement, they were convinced
that the Government had thus authorized the burgomasters because It was
willing to give them satisfaction while
keeping up appearances.
It is also certain that this was the
conviction of the burgomasters and
probable that It was de Hroquevllle'H
Intention.
But the burgomaster and apparently
the hone! of the Ministry also had not
reckoned with the extreme elements
of the Clerical-Conservative party.
Hardly had the thirty or forty Deputies of the majority who are hostile
to the suffrage reform got wind of
what had been done than an Insurrection HtarlPd against thOBe Ministers
who had so lowered themselves as to
treat with the Socialists. They were
ordered to do nothing, and the head
of the Cabinet was forced, In order
to preserve the unity of his party, to
offer bis conciliatory Intentions as a
sacrifice to the ill-humor of his followers.
Accordingly, do Broqueville replied,
when Hymans asked hiB Intentions on
March 12, with a few Indefinite
phrases that held out the possibility
of a tariff revision after the elections
of 1914, and with tho promise of the
appointment of a commission which
should concern Itself exclusively with
the question of local suffrage.
In this way the burgomasters were
led from the stage. To be sure, the
head of the Cabinet had not broken
his promises, for he had made none
formally. But ho had allowed hope*
to exist, lie had awakened hopes and
given grounds for hope.   And then the
burgomaster of Brussels, Max, bad
given hlm to understand that. It would
be futile and dangerous to limit the
discussion of the question to local suffrage. Again, on March 8, Mux wrote
him: "In one of my conversations
with Vandervelde, I questioned him as
to this possibility.   He replied with
out hesitation that he regarded It as
calamitous, that lt would produce the
strongest kind of disappointment ln
the Labor party, and might become
the signal for new agitation."
When I said this I was only too good
a prophet.
The declaration of the government
produced real Indignation among the
working classes. In vain the leaders
of the party sought to counsel patience.
They called the attention to the fact
that, in spite of the trickery of the
government, the cause of revision bad
made tremendous progress in nine
months, public opinion was now won
over, the suffrage reform was only a
question of time, and that under these
conditions employment of the last
means, the general strike, was unnecessary.
In vain!
The CongreBB of March 23, by an
enormous majority, decreed the strike
for April 14, and on that day the great
action began with astonishing,determination, with compelling calm.
Two days later the two Chambers
resumed their sessions after holidays
lasting a month.
Under the Influence of the strike
the order of the day was altered. A
long debate began in which the bead
of the Cabinet, cornered by the Socialist Deputies, professed conciliatory
intentions and renewed his promise of
n commission to study local suffrage,
adding, to the general astonlBhmentof
all, that provided this commission, in
which all parties were to be represented, agreed upon the form, it could
subsequently be applied also to the
elections to the legislative assemblies.
We at once emphasized the significance of this sensational declaration,
nnd on the following day a Liberal
Deputy, Masson, made it plain that it
Included the discussion of the entire
suffrage problem. Three days later,
on April 22, the Chamber adopted
unanimously Masson's resolution,
slightly amended by the Right, and
the strike committee recommended
the resumption of work.
Without overestimating the significance of this parliamentary result, lt
is certain that revision is now on the
way.
The only question remaining is
whether it will be accomplished before
or after the elections of 1914.
But that which in our eyes Is Infinitely more Important Is the fact
that the struggle that we conducted
has proved that, for the purpose of
accomplishing a definite reform, the
general strike can remain peaceful
and strictly legal, and can give satisfactory results if it is methodically
prepared and is carried out by a disciplined proletariat, conscious of its
duty and following It energetically.
In this sense we hope that the experience just undergone In Belgium
will not be lost upon the other parties
of the Socialist Internationale.—From
Vorwaerts.
A Good Place to Eat at
Mulcahy's Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
Best of Everything Properlv
Cooked
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
301 Dominion Buildinj-
Tanoonver, m. c.
EVERYBODY
Is Reading Them
3X.ar,a.¥!f.hrt For7 Kirl<patrick $125
The Call of the Carpenter, White $i'50
Oriflln  of Species,  Darwin mT
Riddles of the Universe, Haeckel £
Wonders of Life. Haeckel... S
Evolution of Man,  Haeckel.. 75^
Postpaid
The People's Bookstore
15a Cordova St. W.t ▼•moonv-.r, b. c.
AN   ANALY8I8 OF   A  COMMODITY.
(Continued from Page One.)
weight of gold, and thirty pennyweight
of gold will exchange for the necessaries of life.
Now, if commodities exchange on
the world's market at their value,
where does the capitalist's proflt come
from?
Looks puzzling, don't it?
There Is only one commodity on the
world's market thut produces a value
over Its cost of production, and that
commodity Is labor-power. The capitalist buys labor-power at Its cost.
What Is the cost of production of labor-power? The cost is the necessary
food, clothing and shelter that a worker consumes In a day in order to do
a day's work. If that Is so, then labor
power is a commodity on the world's
market, the price of which rises and
falls according to the law of supply
and demand. If a worker produces
enough In half a day to supply himself
with the necessaries of life, why don't
I he quit, and go home for the rest of
the day? He can't. He has sold his
labor power to the capitalist for a
day. Therefore he produces another
value in the second half of the day
equal to the value he produced in the
first half of the day. and that value
he produced In the second half of the
day Ib surplus valuo or unpaid labor, |
profit, which goes to the capitalist
class. The worker expended the same
amount of labor on the raw material
in the second half of the day, as he
did on thc raw material In the first
half of the day. Therefore the labor
power expended on the raw material
In the first half of the day Is equal to
the labor power expended on the raw
material In the second half.
So from the above Illustration It Is
self-evident that commodities exchange (on an average) at their value,
or they exchange on the basis of the
socially necessary labor expended on
their production.
Of course, the price of commodities
will sometimes rise above value, and
sometimes go below value, according
to supply and demand. But they always tend to centre, around value, and
value meanB simply the amount of labor which is crystallized, worked up
In them.
From the above analysis It Is self-
evident that proflt Is surplus value or
Vancouver Island
ACREAGE
(Alberni District)
W. W. LEFEAUX
Labor Temple Bldg.
Yt.ncoD.vsr, B. O.
Phone Seymour 4108
PARTY   LAPIL
Buttons
Dominion Executive Comaultee
To Locals, 35c each, or 13.50 doz.
To Executive Committees, $3 doz.
SEND FOK LIST OF
TECHNICAL BOOKS
ON AU SUBJECTS FROM
SASKATOON  HEWS  AOENCY
310 First Ave.
■sskAtoon     ....     Sask.
THE NEW REVIEW
Treating Current Affairs, Politics
and Economics, History and
Sociology, Literature and Art
150 Nassau St.       New York City
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STRIKE ON
STAY AWAY
The strike is still on at the
Queen Mine, Sheep Creek, B.
G, also Silver Dollar, Salino.
B.C.
All workingmen are urged to
stay away until this strike is
settled
LECTURE
Under the Auspices of
THE WORKMEN'S
CIRCLE
(Branch  356)
By tho well known Jewish
Lecturer
COM. WM.  EDLIN
OP NEW YORK
Subject:
THE GREATEST DRAMA
OP THE PRESENT AGE
Labor Temple
Room 307
Sunday, June 1, 8 p.m.
unpaid labor, or profit Is wealth which
labor creates and gets nothing for In
return. Profit is that part of the pro
duct of your day's work wbich you divide up with the capitalist class, and
the reason that you have to divide up
is this, that they own the machinsr***
cf production, and the natural ra
sources of the earth. The capitalist
class own that which the workers
must have access to ln order to live
Therefore, by virtue of their owner
ship, they own the working class. Wo
are their slaves.
The mental and physical energy of
productive labor ls the breath of llf-J
In the rtoBtrlls of capital. The shameful exploitation of productive labor under the capitalist system is the breath
of death In the nostrils of the slaves.
Why, we slaves only exist; we don'l
really live. The life-force of the wage-
slave Is ground Into profit for the
benefit of the capitalist class The
monstrosity of this capitalist system la
almost beyond comprehension.
All down through the ages. BS tit
back as there Is any historical or In-
scriptlonnl record, we tlnd In dlfferenl
parts of the world systems of slavery,
under which the workers won- worked
to death, Just the same as we are under this modern Bystem of wage-
slavery.
Fellow worker, this beautiful machine, which Is the creation of the
brain and muscle of the modern wage-
slave, Is crushing us Into the dust,
simply becnuse a bunch of parasites Is
nllowed to say that. It Is their prop'
erty.
Did they produce It? I tl""'1 •l,ll,lt*
Well, lf they, the capitalists, did not
produce this machine, 1 can'l *■"'''
whero their right to ownership come.
In. We huve produced this machine,
and we should be the Joint owners 0
It, and as soon as there are enough "
us "wised up" we will bo the owners.
When that day comes the cftPltftI"
system will vanish Just like miBt   *
fore a morning sun; or you can I" ''
It to a snowflake ln the river, * m°'
ment white, nnd gone forever.
Speed the day.
JOHN MACKBNZIBJ.
Subscribe for The Western
Clarion.
11   ■-""

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