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Western Clarion Jul 10, 1909

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THU I   "0 •
annul w. J,
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, July 10, 1909.
subscription Price
Put V«a»
The Discovery of a New Diet Which Promises to Place the
Wage-Mule on the Same High Level as His Longer-
eared Brother in Adversity.
Old Teufelsdroch, sitting serene
alone with the stars, silently observing,
or in a talkative frame of mind giving
vent to curious night thoughts, was
not more calm or contented than I
have been these several years. Having quietly imbibed a spirit of fatalism from Marxism, and anticipating
the early fall of capitalism (the conquest of the air and the elect riflea-
tion of industry notwithstanding), I
could survey with unruffled temper,
the development of capital, and foresee the time approaching when "centralization of the means of production
and socialization of labor at last reach
a point where they become incompatible with their capitalist integuniont.
The integument Is burst asunder. The
knell of capitalist property sounds.
The expropriators are expropriated."
Serene I dwelt in the fragrant Nai-
shipur of Marxist fatalism remote
afar from those safe and sane individuals who view in mankind a force which
is aprt from nnd mightier Ihan all
other influences, who believe that the
world is to him what clay is in the
hands of the poteer. Apart from these,
Socialist and otherwise, I speculated
upon the early overthrow of Ihe present order, the necessary tipspringiiig
of the workers in intelligent revolt,
and the consequent establishment of
the co-operative commonwealth.
Hut alas for the rarity of human
happiness, I am dragged from my
fool's paradise and forced to face the
stern facts of everyday life. My mirage fades away, and I am compelled
by a chance perusal of the daily press,
to remember that theh sweltering desert of class ownership lies ever ahead.
Several thousand years ago a Baby-
lonian king went out into the field and
ate grass with the beasts; Nebuchadnezzar, I believe his name was. Some
infidels have had the timerity to pronounce (he story Impossible nnd nonsensical. His grass diet, if I remember my Hible, caused talons to appear
in place of lingers, and teeth more
fitted to tearing carcasses than eating
grass. Remembering this, perchance,
a French aristocrat, whose name I
don't remember, recommended to the
French peasants a diet of grass; with
characteristic ingratitude they one day
stuffed his lordship's mouth with
grass and hanged him.
What has all this got to do with
Socialism and capitalism. This, dear
comrades, our movement must prepare
to meet its fate. There is in Omaha,
Neb., an institution known as the
Creighton University; lt is the leading Catholic educational centre in the
West, and within Its learned walls is
a band ot some twenty young men
who call themselves the Creighton Alfalfa Club.   These young men
Eat Gran, "'
and are putting on flesh. Grass is
their sole diet—alfalfa hay, to be more
correct. Farmers discovered sometime since that alfalfa was splendid
stuff for young animals, containing in
Itself most of the elements required
to build up a strong frame and clothe
tt with flesh. Now scientists discover
that the human carcass may also be
built up by this highly prolific grass.
These students swear that they are
stronger and feel better than when
they regaled themselves on cates of
culinary artists of renowned powers,
on beefs and muttons, and pork, fish,
game, etc., etc.
True, true, thou great magician.
Shakespeare, thou wizard, dld'st not
thou say three hundred years agone:
"Methinks I should like a bottle of
hay; good hay, sweet hay, hath no
- And now we of this late day and
generation are preparing to say so,
too. Not only are these young students eating alfalfa, but the housewives ot Omaha are starting to use
lt to prepare their meals, and many
people are declaring that in a few
decades it will be the staple foodstuff, supplanting wheaten flour as a
•read maker.
It is not a difference of sex which is
the chief factor in determining the
industrial position of woman. Machinery knows neither sex nor age, but
chooses that labor embodied ln man,
woman or child which Is the cheapest
in relation to the degree of its efficiency.
The demand for the vote by women
Is a direct consequence of the capitalistic mode of production. The capi-
The exact process it goes through talist system is full of contradictions,
ere it is consumable, I know not, but tt enslaves our class economically and
apparently a flour is made from it
which is of a rich brown color, and
makes mush or cakes. I am unable
to say whether it is eaten in the raw
state or not, but I have ar. idea from
what 1 read, it is; if this be so, per
haps we may yet see hobbled oHt in
a fifty-acre patch, some wage-mules
who are unable to find a master.
Think of lt, gentlemen of the legislature and ministers of Christ, a few
hundred acres well cultivated will suffice to keep all the wild-eyed hoboes
who should happen to drift your way
in a year. No more trouble with soup
kitchens, no more bread lines. Turn
them loose in a nicely fenced field
of succulent hay during the summer
months, or in winter Into a barn,
throwing them in sufficient sweet
smelling grass, to keep them alive
without developing in them an overplus of energy, which might express
itself In rebellious riots
Think of it also, gentlemen of the
niudstick, does lt not hold out to you
promises of a brighter day? Has not
the rlee-eatlng Asiatic haunted your
mind anil struck fear in your heart,
lest he should take your (?) job froin
you? But now methinks we can compete with him upon evnner basis.
The Asiatic problem is solved! A
few decades hence I shall not be sur-
Drltlsh subjects embarked upon a
ship of the Flowery Kingdom, bound
for Japan or some other Eastern country to take the places of the ravenous
natives there, who, in their inordinate
greed, demand a daily cuisine of rice
and fish, scaring capital from the
country  and demoralizing business.
And may not the landlord also look
up and rejoice; too long has he been
at the mercy of that upslart capitalist; now he may hope for a return to
the halyron days of feudalism, when
ownership of the land meant ownership over the profits produced by the
slave class, ere capitalist machinery
stepped in and tapped the wire, diverting tile stream of profits to its
owners' coffers.
The possibilities of this discovery
are beyond computing. I am borne
fearfully darkly afar. Clouds of despair gather around me. My occupation, like Othello's, is gone. 'Tis
futile to agitate longer. With the discovery of radium, physicists gave unlimited time to the existence of the
earth in its present form. Kelvin,
prior to his knowledge of radium, had
limited  the   earth's   age  to
socially. And at the same time shows
them the urgent necessity of striving
for political power. Capitalism exploits the workers on the economic
field and works In the political field
to increase Its power of exploitation.
Political power is in itself neither reactionary nor revolutionary. "In the
hands of the capitalists it is a reactionary weapon. In the hands of the work
ers It becomes a revolutionary sword.'
The vote given to the working
women would be the means of making
theni class-conscious. The rulers are
always class-conscious. When the
women get the vote, ALL WOMEN,
the whole of the working class will be
united without respect to trade, profession or sex. The whole of the exploited against the exploiters. They
say we women are reactionary. Well,
it is nol the women who send the reactionary members to Parliament now.
It is the men.
Adult suffrage carries within
itself the correction of its own
within itself the correction of its own
errors. The class war Is felt as much
in the world of women as in the
world of men. The working woman,
like the working man, is denied the
right lo develop herself, because she
is poor. Hul when she has the power,
she will of a certainty, use it to overthrow Ihe power of the propertied
Let the Socialists once gain the
wives nnd mothers of our class, and
victory is in sight. The working
women will not bring up and educate
slaves, with slavery in their blood, but
warriors of freedom.   Those who live
to see It will find th-'. ;he women of
our class, will have done more to
bring about the Social Revolution than
the men. You know the working
women suffer under more grevlous
burdens than the men of their class,
This is explained by the historical
position they have occupied since the
rise of private property. The enslavement of women dates from the rise
of private property in the means of
life. The emancipation of woman
will come, only when Socialism puts
an end to that abuse.
We women of the Socialist movement, have work before us, first to
educate ourselves as propagandists,
and second, to get ln touch with the
working women of the country, and
and more especially those who work
In the home. These, or at least many
of them, have a narrower outlook,
than those who work outside, their
work is monotonous in the extreme,
they are the victims of custom. Phey
spend their lives in a round of uncomplaining, unpaid drudgery. Superstition has them in its paralysing grip.
More than any other section of the
community these women need arousing.
We must teach them facts of modern
society and their true relation, then
they will see that their children must
be taught Socialism, then Socialism
will become the atmosphere of the
home and we can have our principles
Instilled into the minds of the rising
generations. Recognising how ignorant they are of many things, they will
resolve that their children shall have
a better education. When we can get
them to realize how much of the joy
and beauty of life has been denied
them, they will set their teeth for the
class war, and determine their children shall not be robbed as they have
We women, must take a more active part in the Socialist movement.
We are not going to brushed aside as
camp followers, we are going to march
alongside the men, shoulder to shoulder. Companions and Comrades, marching for the conquest of Ihe world, for
the workers.
The International Socialist Bureau Calls Upon the European
Proletariat to Make Manifest Their Loathing for the
Murderer of Their Russian Comrades.
Brussels^ June 17th, 1909.
To the Central Committees    of    the
Affiliated Parties:—
Dear Comrades,—ln a few days
Nicolas II., Czar of Russia, will undertake a journey across Europe and
will sojourn in Sweden, England,
France and Italy.
The conscious working class cannot consider this visit as an ordinary
incident of official diplomacy. Capitalist governments will certainly retain their part of greeting the tyrant
of working and intellectual Russia,
but the nations cannot look upon such
an individual as a desirable guest.
Above all, It Is the duty of workers
to voice what the Immense majority
of their fellow citizens have not ceased repeating during these last years.
Already a voice of vengeance, that of
Citizen Hranting, speaking in the name
of the whole Social-Democratic group,
has been heard in the Swedish Parliament. Already in England the delegates and the organs of the affiliated
parties of our bureau have decided to
organize manifestations of protest,
and, two days ago, Will Thorne
echoed their sentiment in Parliament
at  Westminster.
France and Italy cannot remain
silent as he, who incarnates the regime of bleeding reaction and whose
reign has been disastrous for Russia
and for all modern civilization, passes
through their midst.    Indeed. Instead
ent sanitation, as a result of the-lack
—or bad quality of the foods, as a
result of over-population. In February; .
1909 there were 181,137 prisoners,
when there is not sufficient room fwr
half that quantity. There are numerous cases of acute phthisis, of insanity
and the prisons,    transformed    first,
into torture-chambers , become finally
cemeteries for the prisoners and hot*.
beds of contagion for the rest of the .
Will the civilized world declare It-.
self accomplice of all these abominations by letting their responsible
author pass without protestation?-
Will lt bend the knee before this potentate, who surpasses in cruelty Abdul
liamld, who revenges himself for a
crushed revolution, by torture and assassinations, and whose object is to
extract new millions in order to continue his nefarious work? Does that
when the Russian Government undertakes to try extradited prisoners by
the regular court, they have them shot
point-blank during transport to another
prison and that they justify this crime
by stating that the prisoner attempted
to escape?
It seems lo us that the time has come -
to react against this regime which
threatens the whole of the East. Al>
ready in Germany, without much
trouble, we can find divisions of police
who co-operate in  the acts of spying •
of freeing the peasants. Nicholas II. and Provocation of the occult organ.-
has starved them. Instead of practlc-1zations of st' Petersburg, pliable
lng a policy of economy and financial! magistrates who arrange judiciary
purification, he has run the country|comedies, with the object of pursuing
into  debt  and  has  tolerated
The awakening of liberty in Persia,
says Mr. Jaures in his paper the
Hiiiniinite (Paris)' is entirely due to
the activity of his own party, the Socialists in Persia, whom he styles "the
most recent accessions to the proletarian Internationals." This editor
gives an account of an interview which
he hail with a Persian Socialist recently arrived In Paris, Dr. Mirza Ab-
lullnh, "president of the Central Committee of Socialists in Persia, a theor-
several 'al  and a fighter of eminent merit."
ted him to dissolve the parliament and
to attempt the drowning of all efforts
after emancipation in a deluge of
blood." Socialism, he continues, has,
however obtained a moral victory in
Persia and the ultimate emancipation
of country is assured.—Translation
made for The Literary Digest.
hundred thousand years. With n
knowledge of radium Ihey said Ihey
could call lt any old age. And similarly does the discovery or alfalfu as
a foodstuff make possible the existence of a slave class for all time.
The breakdown of the capitalist system ls postponed indefinitely. Can
any comrade more gifted with foresight than I; point out Hope's star in
this noon of night, or must the day
come when we shall throw ourselves
into a hotel dining-room and order
"some boiled clover and a side of
fried hay, pleaBe."
J. H.
Dear Comrade:—
A convention of the Socialists of
the Okanagan district will be held in
Vernon on July 12th. Our hall will
be open at 1 p.m. and the Convention
is called for 3:30 p.m.
Visiting comrades to the city on
that date are cordially invited to be
present and get acquainted with tbe
Okanagan comrades.
The dear, kind C. P. R. will reduce
its fare on the 12th to Vernon, so
such a chance is not to be overlooked
for us to prepare for the next skirmish.
Yours in Revolt,
Secretary Local No. 38.
Dr. Abdullah says that "the soul of
the struggle against the Shah ln
Tabriz" was the enthusiasm of the So-
clHllsls. As for the origin of Persian
Socialism, the docter says that It
spread from RubsU to Persia. To|
quote his words:
"The Socialist party in Persia was
formed under the influence of our
young Intellectuals who In Russia were
taking courses in the University of
Tiflis, the great socialistic city of the
Caucasus. Socialism is also fostered
by workingmen In Baku, the vast
canter of the petroleum Industry, where
the proletarian population is entirely
animated by the ideals of modern Socialism. In the struggle against
tyranny the Persian Socialist Party
was always in the van, and soon obtained immense influence over the public mind, and at this present moment
is universally respected."
According to Dr. Abdullah, ihe Persian Socialists have been much more
successful than the Russian Socialists
from whom they learned their lesson.
They have not wasted their power and
sacrificed their popularity by riot, open
rebellion, or inflammatory proclamations. They have been discreet, and
have bided their time for a decisive
stroke. The worst of it is that as
Czarism has practically crushed the
power of Socialism In Russia, lt has
also "entered upon the scene" in Persia. The hand of the "agents of Csar-
ism" "appeared in all the crimes perpetrated by the Sbah.   They instiga-
"The restrictions of trade placed
upon the American capitalist, who eon-
trolled Ihe Imperial government, were
about as irksome and unbearable as
those inflicted on the French capitalist by the French feudal regime. All
commerce had lo be can-led on In
ships built In England. American capitalists: were not allowed to manufacture anything that could be manufactured in England. Sugar, tobacco,
cotton, wool Indigo, ginger, dyeing
goods, could be sold to one customer
only—England. All imported goods
must be brought from England and carried in English ships. Provinces were
not allowed to sell woolen goods, bats
or Ironware, even to one another—only
to England.
In Maine, all trees over two feet In
diameter had to be saved for the royal
navy. (This interfered with the budding American capitalists exploiting
American labor and growing rich out
of the proceeds of commerce and Industry, which interference with their
"natural rights" they, of course, resented, with tho result, that the colonies revolted and threw off the yoke
of the British government.i"—page 93
Vital Problenms In Social Evolution,
by Arthur Morrow Lewis.
There appear to be two ways for a
minority party to force reforms. One
way is to advocate reforms categorically, and the other ls by advocating
revolution. For quii-k results, which
way do you prefer?
In the
army, as In civil administration, a
system of organized brigandage, Instead of encouraging intellectual culture In ai. empire which numbers 80
per cent, of illiterate people, he has
maintained a stupid censorship and
has cruelly persecuted the most devoted friends of public instruction.
Instead of re-establishing order by
liberty, he has multiplied punishment
by hanging. He has constituted himself the titled protector of the UNION
OF THE RUSSIAN PfiOPLE, Ihe sinister organization of pogroms and political assassinations. He has solemnly accepted the insignia, and In order
that no one should doubt of his complicity in this infamy, he has, with
the concurrence of the government,
officially subsidized ibis association of
bandits. Such encouragement was
not sufficient for him: he has grained
Impunity lo ihe black bands, by pardoning their members who have been
convicted of assassinations; he has
not ceased exchanging telegrams With
their   president,    Dr.    Doubrovlne,    a
(notorious criminal, who caused Deputy
Liollos to be killed, who was accused
by the grand ducal government of
Finland of having caused Deputy
llerzensteln (o be assassinated, who
was denounced by his former secretary. I'roussakov, as having Instigated
the outrage In whicli Count Witte
was to have met his death.
This Infamous policy Nicholas II.
has completed by making of spying a
state Institution Inseparable from his
system of government. The Asev affair from this point of view has torn
down every covering. It has laid hare
a regime as corrupt from a moral point
of view ns It Is from an economic point
of view and has proved that the St.
Petersburg camarilla has instigated
political crimes In order to lend Its
authors to certain death.
Lastly, a recent interpellation In the
Douma has demonstrated that the examinations are accompanied by threats
of death, which are meant lo draw
false depositions from tbe accused.
Acting on orders from high places,
the prison administration practices
systematic flogging and torturing of
prisoners, with more than once, death
as a result. By the directors' orders,
the soldiers shoot men and women
prioners through the windows. At the
present moment epidemics of typhus
and fever are raging ln the majority
of the prisons, as a result of insufflcl
students and thus furnishing to Nicholas II. some food for his gallows. In
Switzerland, high justice has shown
what It Is worth from a moral point ot
view, at the time of the Vassilieff affair, and in Belgium, at the present
moment an attempt is being made to
make this little country an accomplice
of the crimes of Czarism, Lastly, in
France, the secret Russian police extends lis ramifications all over, under
the direction of Asev's accomplices,
who, several times, have tried to compromise the light of shelter.
These facts, known lo all, chsructeiv
ise one of the points of the present
moment. They tend to prove that
Czarism Is seeking to re-establish
ancieni hegemony policy and at the
same time to renew -the ltberticlde
tradition of the Sacred Alliance. But
Ihe liberating movement, of working1
men must not be hampered either by
the pusillanimity of middle-class democracy, nor by the violence of the despotic aniiicrat. That is why It shall
make Its voice to be heard everywhere and It slmll signify to Hie chiefs
of the black bunds, that we are not yet
ripe for the knout.
The Executive Committee of the
International Socialist  Bureau.
Edouaid Anseele, Leon Fuinemont,
Emlle Vandervelde, Camilla liuysmans.
"The history of the Importation ot
gold and silver into England during
the sixteenth century Is particularly
edifying. The Spaniards robbed and
butchered the hapless natives of America, burned their villages and started
with their loot for Spain, English buccaneers on,the high sens lay in wait for
them, cut their throats, scuttled their
ships nnd carried their gold and silver
as booty Into England. Once ln England, where the land robberies of the
nobles created a homeless proletariat,
this gold and silver could function as
money capita] and incidentally contribute to the rise of a capitalist aristocracy. * * * The discovery of new
lands meant colonization. Colonization meant a growing (world market.
A growing world market reacted pu»-
erfully on human incentive to > -ate
and perfect product-increasing machinery. "—A. M. SHrton, p. 24, "From
Star Dust to Socialism." I
Ike I sster^llta
WMiibea every Saturday by ths
SUnllTliit Party of Canada, at the Offlce
•f th* Western Clarion, rlaok Block
BsVMrnent, 165 Bastings Street, Vancouver, B C.
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At the best, for a favored few, a
union job in a closed shop at a union
wage. What a paradise! Is that the
worthiest there is for Laber to strive
for? No- wonder Brother Sam is inspired to rise to this closing peroration : —
"It is now the imperative duty of
every union man and sympathizer with
the cause of labor to redouble his energy, loyalty, and devotion for the great
cause of the human uplift. This in
memory of the sacrifices and Achievements of those who have gone before
us ln the cause of labor and for the
millions yet unborn who will profit
by every improvement aad advance in
conditions made in our time—the
touchstone of our achievement being
organization, fraternity, solidarity, ami
Watch the label on your paper. If this number ls on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
eccentricities, they are Masters of
Arts, Bachelors of Divinity, Doctors of
Philosophy, and authors of numerous
sermons and articles most highly commended by sundry other Ms. A.Bb. D.
and Ph. Ds., we burrowed in to try and
get a line on their brand of dope.
So far as we can figure it out, the
reason for the proposed existence of
"Up The Divide" is the acknowledgement on the part of the authors of its
being of the fact that Religious Faith
and Scientific Fact cannot longer be
made to jibe, to the serious peril of
the former. Whence would ensue a
"religious   interregnum"   between   the
day Is coming, soon, when the working
class -will be obliged to settle this* matter, and it should be done In an intelligent manner, so that all parties may
recognize the justice of the. decision,
whichever way ir goes.
Personally, from the standpoint of
equity and justice, 1 cannot consider
that there can be two ways of deciding
this question; especially if we analyze
the platform of the-S. P. of Canada.
As a basic principle, we assert that
"Labor produces all Wealth," and as I
look around me on every hand, I see
ample  evidence  of  the  truth  of  that
The latest accession to the Sunshine
^rob is our "eminent contemporary"
Sam Gompers, for we find in the July
'"".American Federalionist" "edited by
'Samuel Gompers" an editorial "by
Uanniel Gompers," (this re-iteration
wakes us Bkeptical) entitled "Labor's
-Blighter Horizon."
That labor's horizon is easily bright-
*«oed is apparent from the fact that
Bam can call our attention to the light
•of but three recent victories, and it
-takes a star of but little magnitude to
-constitute a brilliant victory for the
A. F. of L. these days. The number-
tees crushing defeats aie discreetly ig-
•srored. Also he boasts that, in spite
■of a year and a half of industrial depression, no "substantial" reduction of
wages has been made among unloa
xsjen. The Iruth of which depends on
tbe definition of "substantial.:'
All through, the editorial forcibly reminds us of the card that lias found
<a prominent place on the desks of the
commercial community ever since the
*juiic, "Business Is Good."
Of course one cannot be much surprised  at  Sam's  optimism.      He    is
about to be sent on a trip to Europe,
"no doubt with the usual liberal allow-
sauce for "incldenlals,"  whicli  is certainly calculated to lend    a rosy tint
to his    spectacles    when    he    views
labor's  Horizon.    But  it  will  hardly
-win Labor anything to pat  itself on
tbe back and whistle to keep up its
'•ftBOr.age especially as it has nothing to
■put itself on the back about.
Brother Sam to the contrary notwithstanding, Labor's horizon presents
about as dark and gloomy a prospect
-as could be imagined. This talk of no
sobs t n n tin I reduction ln wages would
*e nothing short of deliberate falsehood were it not due to the densest
•and most wilful ignorance. To leave
aside the mere money wage, Is it not
clear as noonday to any who are not
Winded by their own prosperity I hat
tbe real wage has been falling continually for these many years and with
increased -speed recently. The real
wage is the living, Ihe things purchasable with the money wage. Ever less
and less of the necessities of life can
be bought as the prices of commodities go up. And as for the relative
wage, never in the world's history was
the dispartiy between the worker's
sand the masters' portions so great as
it is today thanks to the enormous
productivity of Labor armed with the
modern machine.
The money wage Is absolutely no
criterion   of   Labor's   position;    were
The remarks of the ex-presldent of
the Diamond Match Co. as quoted in
the Miners' .Magazine are a typical expression of the attittWe of the class
conscious capitalist and should provide food for thought te those who
regard the class struggle as a theoretical doctrine and who would extend
the olive branch of human brotherhood to our masters.
History, and quite recent history at
that, the Paris Commune and the Russian Revolt for example, leaves no
room for question that of all conflicts
a class conflict is the most ruthless,
and also that the grim arbitrement
of war is invoked always by none
other than the master class, the very
upholders of law and order.
So whether the Social Revolution
shall be ushered in "with iron sandals
shod" or not, the choice will lies with
our masters, and the chances are
strongly in favor of the former contingency. Not by reason of any fighting blood that runs In their veins, for
of all i ruling elasses that have ever
polluted the earth and harried its
denizens, these gentry of the yardstick
and counting-house are the most despicable because the least courageous
and the most treacherous. Their god
Mammon has endowed them the
brains of a fox and the bowels of a
hare. For generations the training of
;he individual and natural selection of
the species have united to breed In
them the necessary qualifications for
success in their walks of life, an
adroit cunning in lying, treachery and
deceit and an alert timidily at the
very appearance of danger. For any
dirty work they are eminently quali
fled and ever eager, but when the
work to be done is dangerous as well
as dirty, they must have resource to
hirelings from the lowest strata of the
working class, and these they breed
in plenty.
That Ihey will be willing enough
to attempt to drown out the revolutionary fires in blood is a foregone
conclusion; whether, when the time
comes, they will feel themselves
strong enough to do so depends on the
strength of our movement at that time.
In the face of an Indeterminate, undecided, though even large, host, they
will venture much, but when confronted with on aroused proletariat bent
upon the overthrow of class rule at
any cost, ready lo give blow for blow,
they will be glad to save their hides
at  the  loss  of their  possessions.
Hence we have much to fear from
our friends who, by hothouse methods,
seek to fosier a prolific growth even
at the expense of Its stiirdiness. And
it is therefore of deadly import to us
and ours ever to preach only the proletarian revolutionary doctrine and let
who will not hearken to that»pass on
his way, that when come the times
"that try men's souls" there shall not
be wanting a sufficient army with
unity of purpose and understanding
of aim lo stand the the test.
Another danger to us lies in a premature   revolt,   than     which   nothing
"traditions of the past" und the "faith I assertion. But let us not forget that
of the future." A consummation by no
means devoutly lo be wished as, according to them, "on religious confidence rests character. On character
rests conduct and patriotism. On<
these rest social and national stability.
Their decay undermines nations."
(Why didn't they add—"and is bad
for trade?")
Were we thus situated, it would
probably occur to us to make some
sort of a guess at the "faith of the
li is not the labor of the present day,
decade, generation or even the 19th
century that is responsible for what we
recognize as wealth. In the category
of a nation's wealth is considered, land
not In its wild uncultivated state, but
it ls an asset valued according to its
present state of fertility or productiveness, which we recognize it has assumed through the centuries of effort
expended upon it by our forefathers.
Again, we consider as wealth, mines,
future" and to proclaim that.   But our navigable waters, railroads, telegraphs.
friends sewn wishful to have a sort of
an interim faith mi which "we may
believe new." This they propose to
build up by identifying "Natural Law"
with the "Divine Will."
In other words, they propose to reintroduce us to our very hoary old
friend Pantheism, modernized and
brought up-to-date, mainly by spelling
It seems to us that university degrees must surely be earned by acquiring much learning and avoiding
all knowledge.
Our friends of "Up The Divide" are
exercised because, though great progress has been made in the sciences,
none has been made in the domains of
religion and sociology. While the
statemerit that no progress has been
made in religion is true enough, and
necessarily so, as there is nowhere to
progress to, that there has been no
progress in sociology will hardly go
in the face of the recent great advances in that department. Of course,
that progress has been made mostly
by people who save not been Masters
ggfT Every  Local  of  the  Socialist   I'any   i»   LOCAL  POBT MOODY,  B.  C.   NO.   41
Canada should   run  a  card  under  this  head
$1.0(1 per month.     Secretaries please .note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836. Vancouver,
B; C. .
S. P. of C.—Business meetings first!
Sunday In each month. J. V Hull
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
Executive Committee. Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Montiny. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box  836.  Vancouver.   B.  C.
Committee. Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postoffloo. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement In the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box   >i     Calgary, Alta,
all public and private buildings, highways, factories, mills etc.. the usefulness or productiveness of which is
owing more to the labor directly or
indirectly of past generations. This
labor unit, has passed away, and a few
of the present generation have assumed the ownership of all this accumulated wealth.
Again, new labor-saving appliances
are being found every day, each of
which is a result of the application of
some previous experiment, discovery
or invention, as for instance, while
the locomotive of today resembles
that invented by Stephenson over a
century ago in name only, yet it is
possible only through the prior invention. Stephenson applied the previous discovery and invention of Watt's
steam engine, which also came into
existence through Watt's discovery of
the potentiality of steam. As to the
inventor of steam and discoverers of
iron, copper etc.. we will have to call
on your comrade editor to enlighten
Now then we would say that the
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month. Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, II. * . Jnines, 326 Hnrgravc St
Winnipeg,  Man.
°J °" Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. to., the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room over
old post offlce, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayinan.
Secretary;  W. \V. Lefeuux,  Organizer
I.OCAI. IIKKI.1K, ONT.. NO   4    S    P. Ol- I   -
metis every second aid fourth Wedmsday
eveuJlig.BtBp.iir, 55 K,it'ig >-t ,„«i t>p„o»He
M«r«ft lluk-l II. Mnrtin, s»cv. 61 Weber Sri
every Krlday evening at 8 p.m., ln
S,1?,';!'3 Ha"' .Nelson, B. c. Frank
Phillips. Organizer: I. A. Austin. Secy.
meets every Sunday  at  8:30
Miners'   Hall.     James   Carson.
Izer: John Appleby, Secy.
OP 0.,
p.m.. Is
of C Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. Incur postofflce). Club
nnd Rending Room. McTavlsh Block
[817 Second St. E. 1 bposite impuiai Hoel
M. Hyatt, Secy.; I Hyatt, Organ*
zer.   Box  64;,   Catwirv     Altu
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hull, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave.. Toronto; '
P. C. Toungi Secretary, wo Pape Ave..
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Kdgctt's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
—Meebt every second and fourth Thnrsdny in
the mouth at 151 Hastings St. W. Secretary,
Matt Manilla
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
W. G. McCluskey, Secretary, Box 770.
P of C, meets every tlust and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     t.
Meets every Sunday night in the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
P. of O. Meets every Thursday at 8
P.m., In Trades and Labor Hall,
1'ourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach.
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie,
Organizer. 623 Second  St.
P. of C, meets every Sunday after
Union meeting In Union Hall, Hillcrest
Mines, Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt.; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
LOCAL NANAIMO,  NO.  3,  8. P. of  0„
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clnck|
Jack  Place,   Rec.  Secy.,  Box  826.
LOCAL   PERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetinRs in the Miners'
Union Hall. Victoria Ave.. Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting first Sunday in each
month,   same   place   at   2:30   p   m.     J.
locomotive or any other machine one!     L«"c«3ter- Sec Box 164
of Arts,  Doctors  of  Divinity  &c„  so  may lhlnk ot is Ullt ,he consolidation
that it is quite  excusable  that these
have no official knowledge of it.
It is generally assumed that the
the possession.of college degrees predicates the possession of much wisdom, but a moment's consideration
would show how groundless is the assumption; for of the candidate for degrees Is not required a knowledge of
or unification of the multiple product
of many individuals who existed at
different periods of time. Can we then
say that Edison is the sole Inventor of
the Electric Light system? No! for
electric lighting was contingent upon
the discovery of how to liarness electricity by Franklin.
,,,.,.     Now, If the foregoing be granted as
facts as they are, but the learning of   , ,, .        .     ,.   ,,
„,   r      i true,   then   why   should   Ihe   present
subjects as they are taught. The cor
rectness of his learning is judged by
others who have acquired their degrees by a similar process. Hence It
stands to reason that college learning
must of necessity lag a generation or
so behind the latest ascertained facts.
For a student that would outstrip his
examiners in knowledge would stand
a slim chance of getfing his degree.
So we cannot say that much worth
while is to be txpecled of "tip The
Divide." Its editors seem handicapped
by too much learning, ever to acquire
any degree of knowledge.
quarters   Klundyke block, curlier of   I'aciric
ami King Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummltlgs, Organizer.
Jas. w. Anier, Secretary, 336 Maryland
C, meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hull nt 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month.    T.   Y.   McKay,   Socretarp   Pro I LOCAL  OTTAWA  NO    8    8   P   OP
Ilsh    Brunch. Business     meetings ..
first and third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays ut 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday niglrt at 314 Wellcsley St.
Speokers supplied or shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
Lyon, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
In Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business nnd propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary,  Vernon,   B.  C.
money what it seems and is generally
taken to be, a fixed quantity, It might I would   better suit  the enemy's  book.
t*. but it is not fixed.    Were it fixed |And this contingency will be made the
or oven moderately stable, we would
see prices, not. rising, but constantly
ost the decline with every new im-
iprovenient in machinery and methods
of production. (The less ihe labor Involved In the production of any commodity Ihe less is Its exchange value
aad tne less would be its price or ap-
proximate exchange value as compared
•erltli gold, were it not thut gold Is
bring poured Into the market in a
greater flood than any other commodity. Consequently it has decreased In
.exchange value faster than other com-
■modules, or, in our usual topsy-lurvy
parlance "prices have gone up."
The money wage, the price of labor
pow-er, should also have gone up, and
■»JrCn the "pinnacle of prosperity" was
being attained, go up it did', but, so
<nany are the job-seekers,  that is to
more possible by the methods of the
"Direct Actlonlsts." who, tiring of Ihe
siege, would (ling a forlorn hope
against the yet unbreachod walls of
Capital's citadel.
Hut come as It muy. In peace or war,
we may rest assured that the proletarians will acquit themselves as men.
They have since time immemorial
dared all dangers, fought all battles,
conquered all obstacles, and here, too,
they shall conquer. They must. The
oulconie Is certain and inevitable.
Capitalism must perish. It behooves
us lo see that we perish not with it.
"As a so-worker for the great transition which so culled civilization is now
■say, so great Is the overproduction of I passing through," we are favored with
labor  power   that  It   has   acted   as   a ia copy of the prospectus of a new ven-
moflt, effective drag upon tlie upward
tendency of prices in this commodity,
so that, even at the best of times "it
Tuts been easily outdistanced by the
cost of living. Hence wuges have
been substantially reduced'in actual
tact. 1
Kven taking tho most roseate view
of Labor's horizon ihat Gompers can
show ; us, what does this capitalist system TVhlch he defends hold for the
-workers? What ls this heaven of
-watch he would reveol us a glimpse?
lure in the world of periodicals to be
called "tip The Divide," we are requested "to say something about it,
and suy it strong." In order, no doubt
that we may have some idea as to
what we ought to say, we are furnished
Comrade Debs' comment, a reading of
whicli convinces us, chiefly, of Comrade Debs' klndheartedness.
As to the prospectus, after having
been duly Impressed with the portraits of the editorial staff and by the
fact  that,  despite   their  grammatical
The capitalist press is just now full
of a Hindu plot whose ramifications,
if they are to be believed, extend
round the world and back again. We,
however, may lie excused for being
incredulous In face of the recent exposure of the police plot in India,
where even a bomb was placed in the
house of one of their victims in order
to incriminate those againt whom they
had no evidence. What is the difference between "British fair play" and
"Russian justice," may we ask?
And now we hear of a woman who
has made forty-live unsuccessful attempts at suicide. Carnegie's attention should be called to this case without fall, as she certainly has earn'i a
hero-medal or a free' library or something.
Dear Comrade Editor: —
Owing to having received so much
attention at the hands of the Comrades
through my last literary attempt, I
have felt rather timid about venturing
Into the limelight, but after perusing
some articles on a much discussed
question, I feel Inclined to try again,
and blow off a little more steam.
The subject I "would refer to, was
treated on in a recent article "Freedom
by Purchase" and a previous one "The
Fallacy of Compensation,'" which, by
the way, I did not see, no papers of
that week being received here. However I understand that as far us ihe
contributors ot the above mentioned
articles are concerned, they are not In
favor of compensating the present
capitalist owners of the means of production and distribution, when ihe
time iin-ires for making same into
working-class property.
Now this question is one which is
broached by nearly every new convert
to Socialism. "How are you going to
get the ownership of what we socially
need and use," and lt seems to me a
very appropriate question and one that
can be discussed, comrade editor, with
much profit to all Socialists;  for the
1 generation be called upon to remunerate the present holders of the sources
of wealth production and distribution.
I know there are those In the Socialist Party who favor such a proposal,
but it seems to me ihey have overlooked the basic principle to whicli we
called attention viz: Labor (past and
present) produced all wealth that exists, be It in the form of machinery,
factory buildings, or any other kind
as well as the productivity of land, and
and therefore to them it should belong. If we find it in Ihe possession
of other than the laboring class, can
such possession be considered valid.
It may be according to laws now on the
statute books, but those laws can be
amended or abolished as society may
decide, and the ownership of all such
properly restored to its creators and
rightful possessors.
On the other hand, If said possessors of the machinery of production and
distribution claim responsibility for
its existence in its present form, would
it not be reasonable for the working
class, to demand of them restitution
of the difference between what they
have received as wages and the value
of their product. How much of Ihe
aforesaid property would the working
class be obliged to expropriate ln order
to satisfy their claim? All of it according to my wny of figuring, and
then what a claim for damages we
would have on account of the misery,
suffering nnd degradation of the workers, caused by such private ownership, and I wager that the combined
capitalistic wealth of today would not
begin to.*ettle this debt.
I would close this nrllcle, by quoting
Comrade Jlallly of "The Call" from an
article that appeared in May 8th edition of the Saturday Evening Post, and
commend It to the careful consideration of the Comrades of Canada.
"I cannot believe that society
through organized government owes
anything at all to the present possessors of Industry. For Industry is a
social product, the result of centuries
of social effort. No single individual
produced the present industrial system.
However necessary the individual has
been in the past, to the developement
and organization of Industry, we have
reached the stage where the Individual
has merged in the social mass. The
social mass should own and share In
common the fruit of their common
Therefore Comrade Editor, I oppose
the proposal of "Freedon by Purchase."    Yours  for  Liberty  and   Life,
Brockville, Ont.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Williams, Sec, Ladysmlth, B. c    -
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Finlanders' Hall. Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
765 Rossland, B. C.
'  1 I
month nt 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 78 Ridean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:15 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m..
at 379 Wellington St. diaries Lestor,
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Bron-
son Ave.
LOOAL   COBALT,   NO.   9,   8.   P.   OP   a
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
~*      '   ~ Labor   Hall,
... 1. J.
of C—Sleets in Labor Hall. St.
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
ilt-acquitrtcrs No 1 St. Charles Uorronu-e St
otto jalm Secretoay, 52S Chausse
Are not reformers those who advocate reforms?
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member ....       wm. Davidson, Sandon
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Name              Meeting
Camborne  ....
Wm. Winslow	
James Tobln	
Orand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Grand   Forks
Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett	
T.   H.   Kotherham.
Mike  Me Andrews..
H. T. Rainbow....
Kimberly   ....
Jch- Armstrong	
A.  E. Carter	
M. & S. U.
Malcolm   McNeill..
J (tin i-H Roberts	
\V. A. Plckard	
R.   Sllverthorn,...
Rossland    ..,,
J. A. McKinnon...
Robert Mnlroy....
Fred   Llebscher...
Btafr Carter	
D.   B.  O'Nealll	
Slocan City
O.  B. Mcintosh...
T. T. Rutherford..
Van Anda
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.   B.   Mclsaac...
Jos   tahdotte jotakin   tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
iamin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 107, Pari Arthur, Out.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Makiaa alnoostaan, $1.50 vuosikerta
"Vlkikuka" Makiaa, $1.25
Wc solid., tne Dusiness or Manufacturers, ,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Kznerts. Preliminary advice free. Charge*
moderate. Our Inventor*! Adviser sent upon
request. Morion & Marion, New York I,lfe illdg,
Voutrcal: ' nd Washington, D.C» V.S.A.
C  PETERS p,,cllcal Bo0'
u. rc.iE.na aBd 8hoe Mak,.
Hand-Made Boots and  Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock  of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
24S6 Wiitnlniter Avi.
"The Class Struggle" JKVaaVSiXt'
Mailed fnr'J'if In Rtniniii: B«0flt* wtintcil.
CHARLES H. KERR & 00., 103 Klnzie Street, Chicago, HI.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'ClocK
R. P. Pettipiece
Cameraphone Theatre
-. ■
r ■
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec,  Box   836,  Vancouver, B. C. mWm\
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter (with necessary    supplies to start Local)    $5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues  Stamps,  each 10
Platform and application blank
per 100   25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 59
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100 SO
Dear Comrades: —
Enclosed please find regular M. O.
for two bundles of Clarion.
I along with two other Comrades
had the pleasure of meeting the Italian branch of Guelph local, on Sunday
weelc, and was pleased to fiHd it forging ahead, even ahead of the English
branch. We found all the Italian Comrades attentive to business, which was
dispatched with real executive promptness.    They meet every Sunday and
yet, aad there is the probability of
one of the mines in the near future
beiag shut down for repairs for 2 or
3 months, throwing a large number of
men Idle. In the face of these facts, It
was surely a mad move on their part
to expect that tne men as a whole
would view the prospeet of losing a
day's wage every week without having
a   chance  to  express   their  opinion.
A reader of The Magazine at Kimberly, Shasta county, Calif., has sent
the following, clipped from the editorial page of the Searchlight, published
at Redding, Calif., and when the fact
is taken into consideration that the
journal published at Redding, Calif..
heads the article wittf'the caption, "The
Nobody denies the fact thai they need j class Struggle," it becomes evident
more rest—they are being driven at that journals outside the realm of labor
a most terrific pace— but much as journalism are beginning to recognize
they need it they cannot afford to take i the class war that must go on until
it, many of them. The determined op- Labor shall plant the flag of victory
position to the proposal to give these | on the shattered fortress of Exploita-
read papers and hold discussions on
Pitta la Italian, per 100 •Oojth.e philosophy of Socialism in their
Dear Comrade.—
I have received for the Maritime Organization Fund the following contributions:
Previously acknowledged    $17.30
Local Toronto, Eng. Branch   10.00
Com. R. Woodhouse, Toronto...    1.00
•Com.  Stewart, Toronto 50
Local Sydney Mines, C. B     5.00
Total $33.80
Comrade Wm. Allen of Sydney
Mines, has just informed me that Com.
■Gribble's throat is becoming very sore.
As Gribble has been speaking sin'ce
about the middle of April it Is quite
natural that his throat should get out
of order. This being the case there
surely Is no need for me to say that
we need lots of funds In aider to put
an assistant into the field with Com.
There is lots of work for another
man „ut we need funds. If every
local would assess it members 10 cenls
tor this purpose I here need be no lack
of money.
Local Toronto has already contributed I20.SU. This is Comrade Gribble's
home local and his popularity there is
a. protjf ot his ability as an organizer.
I have work mapped out for the organizer for the next two months and
Comrades everywhere are clamouring
for him.
Let me hear from some of those
who have not yet contributed. Those
who have responded have "shelled out"
handsomely. No Socialist in Canada
can afford lo miss this opportunity to
help the work In the East. Let me
hear from you. Comrades.
Secty.    of    Temporary    Organization
Albert, Albert Co. N. B.
own language. We succeeded in forming a Central Committee which will
meet once a month. Further particulars  later.
Yours in Revolt
Dear Canrade: —
We hud an excellent meeting this
Sunday after being hustled by Ihe
cops in the afternoon for using the
soap box, which by (he way, ran about
the size of 14 in. by 10 in. by il in.,
this they said was an obstruction; so
Comrade Simpson, jusl told (he Cop
to mind his own business and go and
study the city by-law regarding "Street
Preaching" then came / loud cheers
from the crowd, then the Sergeant
came along, and said that the crowd
were causing an obstruction, so the
comrade replied, that It was the Cops'
who had caused the obstruction by
disrupting our meeting and causing
the people lo gather around the back
of the soap-box. To this the crowd renewed the cheers, after this the Cops'
slunk away like little dogs do when
they have received a severe whipping,
so we continued our meeting to a
sucessful finish.
We hail another secessful meeting
Sunday evening. Comrade Lyons
spoke, and held Ihe crewd. So after
the meeting I made an appeal for the
workers to read up on social literature, and take our great little paper,
which is published ln the West and 1
caught my maiden sub., and hoiie to
get. more in the near future.
I have a three-months sub. In but
have not received it yet, am out of
work at present so will make It a
yearly when I find a master, but will
try and hustle from those who are
Enclosed find $1 for Western Clarion
to above address, your ln revolt,
A. Farmilo
Every good Socialist ought to own
at least a dozen good propaganda
books for circulation among his
friends. Keep lending your intelligent
acquaintances Socialist literature, and
sooner or later they will fall into line.
Begin building up such a library NOW.
Socialists everywhere, Jnside and
outside the party, chould organize
economic clubs, firstly to promote the
study of Socialism among themselves,
and secondly, to get up debates with
literary societies upon labor questions.
Get a list of the debating clubs In
your town, then write the secretaries
of each As winter sets in, challenging them to debate certain aspects of
the labor question, or offering to supply speakers to same on short notice.
Thursday evening a meeting was
called In Nanaimo by the sweet smelling bunch of self-constituted guardians
of the morals of the wage slaves of
Nanaimo, (whe recently succeeded in
stopping the desecration of the "dear
Lawd's Day" by the said slaves), to
consider ways and means of getting a
day off for the workers once a week, to
work off the superfluous energy, that
the Western Fuel Company and other
charitable agencies in tils district had
allowed them to retain, l»y kicking a
ball around a diamond, swimming, boating or fishing, or in any other useful
way their depraved minds inclined to.
A cadaverous looking sky-pilot occupied the chair, ostensibly to give an
atmosphere of holiness and respectability to the gathering: unfortunately,
it failed lo produce the effect desired
—another proof of the necessity of
strenuous action needed to save the
souls of the dirty-faced miners and
other exploited victims of the interests
whose toadies called Ihe meeting.
After some discussion the meeting
went on record in favor of a holiday
every week, but not until the promoters had keen bluntly informed thai
the assembly was not representative
of the working class.
One Booth, an elderly miner, moved
that a committee ' of two from each
industry in the locality he appointed
to wait upon the employers and find
out what they thought of It. Moved
In amendment that the same committee that waited on McBride and
succeeded in stopping the Sunday
games, be appointed to interview the
slaves and find out what they thought
of it. Such an outrageous proposal
could not be tolerated for an instant,
and upon this rock Ihe neat little enterprise was wrecked. The venerable
Booth, faithful henchman of Ralph
Smith and the Western Fuel Company
a member of the town council, also
a member of the deputation which
succeeded in stopping the Sunday recreations', obviously did nol relish interviewing the exasperated victims of
his religious zeal, and flatly refused It
act, In vain was he reminded that to
many of the married men in town I.
day's wage every week meant just the
difference between making ends meet
and failure to accomplish that difficult feat. He was adamant. Face
those men he would not, and that was
all there was to it. It was a matter
of no consequence if the people most
concerned in the proposal were not
consulted. They don't know what is
good for themselves anyhow, for don't
they persist in demanding Socialism
and slaying away from church?
So the deadlock continued, mil 11 the
lights gradually faded away, and wllh
them the hopes of the altruistic!?)
promoters, who had probably hoped
that they would be sent to Interview
the employers with the chances In
favor of their being turned down, and
then they could turn round and say.
"There, we have done our best." The
meeting broke up to the strains of the
Marsellaise. The Nanaimo Herald, of
course, came out with a garbled account, which omitted all mention of
the amendment, deliberately lied by
saying, that the movement to secure
a weekly day off had been defeated
by Socialistic opposition.
It was soothing balm to my soul
(has a Socialist a soul?) to watch the
sidestepping- and wriggling and evident distress exhibited by these
"holler than thou" hypocrites and
suckers under the merciless exposure
of their Utile game by the working-
men present. It Is significant of the
stratts to which they are forced to recover lost ground when Ihey are
driven to such transparent attempts
to regain their footing.
It is a matter of common knowledge
that last year they had a serious unemployed problem in Nanalmo, some
300 or 400 men being let out of the
mines, and many of the rest working
short time. Many of them have not
wiped out the debts then contracted
men a voice In the matter throws a
great white light on the sincerity{?)
of these professions  for  the  welfare
of Nanalmo's working class.
Yours still kicking,
J. H. B.
Dear Comrade,—
As was expected, the soup kitchen
has started at last in Dawson for the
unemployed; the Government has
started giving the food away. The
Salvation Army has started one, too.
The Government finds the food, the
Army the labor. It is a sight to see
between two and three hundred breaking their necks for a bowl of soup in
this Golden Norm; it is as bad as the
panic in Vancouver was. I advise all
men that want free soup to come to
Besides there are hundreds around
the creeks packing their happy homes
with them looking for a master and
failing to find one. I suppose you don't
see this in a Vancouver paper, but I
tell you it is only too true. I hope the
comrades will spread the news.
Yours for the red flag,
Dawson, Y. T.
Tuesday morning's performance at
the police court was slightly diversified by the presence of several lusty
orators who were arraigned for having
expressed their various opinions in an
audible manner upon the public street
to a peaceful gathering of their fellows. As the case for the prosecution proceeded, it became plainly evident that, the witnesses had been selected with'some care; one in particular, who expressed the idea that all
and sundry who held not the opinions
common to pullers of teeth were
"fanatics," being especially valuable.
Another caused the whole fabric of
ihe modern system of advertising to
tremble to its base by naively remarking that large numbers of people being attracted to a particular locality injured the business there situated.
The case is not yet settled, owing
to the variegated assortment of interpretations offered of the bylaw involved. One thing, however, is clear
—the point at issue is not street
speaking, nor yet obstruction of the
streets, for the Salvation Army perform both these stunts with perfect
Impunity. It is perfectly evident lo
me that the question for us to consider Is, shall we submit to a censorship by the police of the doctrines we
wish lo expound, and if unacceptable
to that body, remain silent?
I, for one, am wearied and disgusl-
ed with the incessant legal quibbling
over what is so palpably an elementary constituent of Canadian citizenship. Economic slave though I am. I
shall not be robbed of that political
liberty which has been bequeathed to
nic by my ancestors, who paid with
their blood the price of its attain-
Will the workers of Winnipeg supinely relinquish the advantages gained by their heroic predecessors? Must
It be that they will permit the hand
of police authority to throttle the
volcers of their wrongs? What a day,
thai sees the spirit of liberty humbled In the dust before magisterial
corpulence and aldcrmnuic sloth!
Rather would I languish In Iholr Jails
than buy conditional "liberty" with
the forfeiture of my manhood.
Workers! Can you not see (lie finger of progress pointing the way for
you to follow? If you would but realize that the efforts of the police to
stifle your right of free speech Is but
another endeavor on the part of capitalism to fortify its position, how
quick would you rally .to the fray.
The fight is yours, my comrade
tollers, and once aroused, what can
you not accomplish? What human institution can deny your just demands?
Let the consciousness that on your
side stands right, just ice and liberty
lend strength to your arm and stiffen
your spine for the final conflict whicli
shall end with the triumph of Labor!
—Spes, in "The Voice."
•   •    •
In the above scrap things are going
swimmingly for the propaganda. Comrades Mathews and Hemming are in
jail, having refused to pay their fines.
Street meetings arc being held In the
city and the suburbs and summonses
are the order of he day. A number
of appeals have been taken and the
magistrate's temper Is getting no
better fast.
The article ls as follows:
"A statement has been made by O.
C. Barber, for many'years president of
the Diamond Match Company, but who
retired some months ago, to the effect
that signs point to a great civil war
ln this country and that it will be between the grasping rich and the
struggling poor.
The statement ag given to the
press a couple of days ago is as follows:
"This country will, within a few
years, be engaged In a civil war as
fierce and as bloody as the war of
'61-'65. Slavery, the slavery of greed,
will be the incentive. The strife will
be long and bitter and the forces engaged in the conflict will be the grasping rich and the straggling poor.
"The corporations are waxing fat in
the strugle to amass more wealth, and
the laboring classes are struggling for
better^ pay arid in some cases for a living. These two classes will be the
opposing forces in the bloody conflict.
This war will occur within the lifetime of the present generation.
"We have the railroads, which In my
judgement, are absorbing the profits
of the country, arising from, industrial enterprises and the labor of the
"It is true that many concerns are
making money and against those who
are making money there are as many
who are losing money and cannot make
ends meet. There ai:e several million
people out of employment, who lose
their wages, amointing to hundreds of
millions of dolars.
"On the other hand there is a despotism of organized labor, equal to that
practiced by the railroads. In every
case where men are getting more than
honest wages, many cannot get a
reasonable wage.
The whole scheme of life seems to
be selfish. Intelligent selfishness is
that form that is honest. An unintelligent selfishness is that which merely
Implies greed. I repeat what I have
said before on this subject, that in this
world if a man wants much he must
naturally work or else get It by dishonest selfishness."
The Diamond Match Company ls one
of the most colossal trusts in the world
and O. C. Barber, who was the presiding genius that guided the destinies of
this corporate glutton, has become a
prophet, and predicts that the nation
will become involved in a great civil
war that will grow out of the greed of
the rich, and the poor driven to desperation. If a victim of poverty, with
pale and haggard face, had made such'
a prediction, he would be branded as
an anarchist or ridiculed as a harmless creature in whose mental factory
the wheels had become loosened. Hut
Barber Is a multimillionaire, and,
standing on the summit of financial
greatness, he can see the distant horizon darkened with the clouds of a class
But Barber, like every exploiter with
an itch for profit, attempts to hold
that "the despotism of organized labor"
where more than "honest wages" are
demanded, is likewise as responsible
for this predicted civil war as the insatiable greed of a master class.
Barber should have been more explicit and told a trembling world what,
in his opinion, constitutes "honest
Barber, nor no oilier man who Is
permeated with a spirit of jusilce and
gll'icd with common sense, can deny
the Indisputable fact that labor creates
all wealth. Such a statement being
true, the "honest wages" can only
mean that labor should receive the
"wages" which labor creates.
Barber, bb well as others, Is begin-
ing to realize that the laboring people
of the nations of the world are gradually arriving at a clearer conception
of the rights of the class whose labor
has snatchetl the earth from the wilderness.
The great mass of the people can be
little longer held in subjugation, for
lesperatlon, born of poverty, will breed
a revolution that can only end when all
humanity shall become the owners of
the national resources of the earth
and Ihe machinery of production und
distribution.—.Miners'  Magazine.
As an explanation Is owing (hose
who went to the Cameraphone Theatre, Vancouver, last Sunday and were
disappointed on finding it closed, It
may be stated thai the theatre was
closed for alterations on that day, of
which we were nol imiifled In time to
make the fact public,
Don't be a woman—gat your name
on the voters list-
In order to live It Is necessary to
sat. In order to eat lt ls necessary to
have cash. In order to have cash lt Is
necessary to work. This proposition
is true only when applied to the disinherited working class. The capitalist class do not find It necessary to
work in order to eat. They have
plenty of willing and unwilling slaves
Being one of the latter and find
lng my purse in no way dis-arranglng
the graceful lines of my coat by bulging the pocket, I was busy In quest of
a master when one evening I was informed in hushed accents, that the
Canadian Pacific railway was up a
tree. They were hi a sorry plight.
They needed help In the worst way
imaginable, clerical help, "A gentleman's job; splendid chance—just the
thing to salt you my dear fellow—start
in at $65.00 a month." ^^^^^~
Now nine years of British Columbia
life has given me quite a few impressions, one of which is the notion that
ths C. P. R. is not in the railway business for fun. I could not realize that
this "epening" really existed, but was
promptly assured that not only one but
twe such chamces were now re^dy for
canture by the right man.
"Very well," I replied; "I'll have a
sktt at It. Maybe I'll work myself Into a knighthood like Shaughnessy, you
Next day I prepared myself for the
attack and started out full of energy.
But strange to say the nearer I got to
the C. P. R. offices the lower my heart
fell. I passed up Water street among
the grocers and produce-men; slaves,
slaves, everywhere. I even passed
Anstin's Hotel without calling in for a
bracer, badly though I was in need of
It. "Here I am at last—deliberately
about to attempt to chain myself to
a pen for life. But then $65 a month."
Making a bold brave effort I entered,
and instantly thought of those cheerful
lines "All ye who enter here, aband
on hope" striding to the elevator, I
commanded the elevator boy to instantly elevate me to floor No. 2. Mr.
Foster's •fflce. Up we went. I got
ont and he shut me out from all chance
of escape and descended. Seized with
a kind of stage fright, my brain whirled—"Why am I here?" An inspiration came to me, "I am here because
I must have bread, because to get
bread I must sell my labor power
—must sell my labor power to a willing purchaser." "But is it necessary
to imprison myself for life in this terrible place to get bread?" I confess
my courage failed me, I almost wept,
and, like the man who puts his hand
to the plough and turns back, I turned
round and deliberately walked away
from the office door. I spied a staircase in the corner and quickly taking
advantage of this chance of escape
Once outside the building I felt I
had been a gross coward. I rated myself soundly for such childish "funk"
and after a few moments was again in
a mood to seize the great chance that
was waiting for me. I again entered
the building and again commanded
the elevator boy to elevate me. This
time I made a dash for the office door.
"He who hesitates is lost." So is he
who does not In this case.
On entering I saw slaves, pale care
worn slaves, hard al work. Type
writers clicking in all directions. As
many girls as men, all so engrossed
on their calculations as to be absolutely heedless of the entry of the
future knight. 1 positively knew I
should not want a job In such a place.
Just look around at the young, already
old. .lust see the women, now men.
Just see the men, now animal machines; all the attributes of theh human
race, all the Indivlilualliy of humanity
obliterated '.'during business hours."
"Is Mr. Foster In?" 1 enquired. "No,
sir; he ls at lunch just now." "Thank
you,"  1  said,  and  "Thank    God,"
*ere and Tfow
thought fervently. One more glance
around. You should just sec for your
selves, comrades. It will cost you no
I came away. Free—no work—no
money—no food, but, what Is priceless,
"freedom?" No pen was chained to
me or I to It. Free—free to starve,
but free! And on my way to the
"cellar," I passed five Indian squaws,
made after the image and likeness of
God. so the Christian says; and living
truer lo Ills command, say I. Compared with those C. P, R. slaves, they
were magnificent. They enjoyed the
air and the sun and themselves, to
judge from their mirth, Like myself,
free—free to make an exislence, but
prised to see a bunch of true-born
free! Ami finally I learned that lt
was a ease of "much ado about nothing." The chance was for "a smart
young lad; previous experience desirable; salary, SlTi per month." God
help the poor devil v. ho grasps It. Ii
is nu opening for someone. An opening to the slave-pen. An opening to
servitude for life.    Hut we must nut.
BO   "go   tO   It."
F. M. T.
On a fence surrounding a new building not 100 miles from the Arcade, appears this most useful information:
"These carpenters are scabs." It Is
a safe bet that the man who wrote
it votes the same ticket as his owner.
Since the Clarion has become Partjr-e
property, you have been given each,
month an account of receipts aad expenditure in connection with its publication.    The deficit for each month
shows you the amount of extra effort.
that is necessary in order te balance
accounts.    Last  month's  delclt  was
over $40.00,  but it can  and  will  be.
wiped out If you endeavor to do your
part.   Will you try?
• *   «
The usual new sub. arrives from
Comrade F. Hyatt, Calgary, with an
order for regular bundle. He reports
Comrade O'Brien as having held good
meetings at Medicine Hat and Moose
Jaw, and orders a sub hustler's book.
• • • \
Local Glace Bay gets ready for the
harvest by ordering a bundle of 25 .
weekly, per Comrade H. G. Ross.
• •   •
The following communication from
Local Berlin is similar to one the
Clarion would be pleased to receive
from every Local regularly. Make a
note of tt. Here it is: "At our regular meeting last night it was decided
to put our card in Clarion. Enclosed
find $3.00 for same."
»   •   •
"Pickenshovel," Victoria, B. C, adds
the names of two victims to the Clarion list.
• *   •
Comrade A. Abbott, Sask., sends appreciation of tbe Clarion and, its doctrine, and thanks the friend who has
sent him the paper regularly. He
says he is in love with the Clarion
and is beginning to feel something
of its spirit of revolt against slavery,
aad will take up his share of the fight
as soon as circumstances permit.
• • »
Four subs, to hand per Comrade John Staples, Prince Rupert.
Wherever capitalism rears its head
it plants the seeds of revolution.
• « • •
Comrade John Rivers forwards a
new sub. from Sointula, B. C, aad
also orders a bundle of 25 a week for
another comrade at Rivers Inlet.
• •   •
Cowichan Station may be a small
place, but Comrade Norman Proctor
hustles together a bunch of four new
subscribers and sends them along tor
the usual training.
•   •   •
Comrade Walter Pt-yde touches up
two renewals and one new sub. from.
Nanalmo, B. C.
• •   •
Another pair was brought to the
underground dope factory this week
by Comrade H. Norman.
• •   •
One result of the earnest work of
Comrade J. Rolls, New Westminster,
arrives at the Clarion office in the
shape of three yearlles.
• •   *
Vancouver Finnish Local hearing
that a call for funds on behalf of the
Clarion Maintenance Fund was to be
Issued lo the English speaking Locals,
decided that even if they cannot all
read Ihe Clarion as well as might be
that is no reason why they should not
support *lt, so ayong comes $5.00 and
Comrade Stelner also has a five spot
for the same purpose.
An ever-increasing number of readers ate iitWiiiK-H new name to the list
each week.   Is your name here?
A Lyon (bundle), Toronto, Ont.;
Johan Jackson, Webster's Corners, B.
C; .1. G. Norman, Vancouver, B. C;
Clarence Hoar, Portland, Maine; John
Cottam, I'ruitland, Ont.; W. D. Tucker,
Vernon, B. ('.; S. Moen, Cranbrook, B.
C; J. II. Ilurrough, Vancouver, B. C;
W. J Wright, St. John, N. It.; C. M.
O'Brien, M.L.A., Alameda, Sask.; Horace Colllngwood, North Battleford,
Bask,; F. llalgh, Vancouver, H. C;
Nick Stevens, l.ndner, B. C; John
Mclnnls. M.P.P., Phoenix, B. C; A.
Stewart, Lcvllle, Sask.; G. Docrma,
North Battleford, Sask.
• •    4
Comrade liocrma will find the Informal Ion he asks for in Ihe card of
Winnipeg Local, which appears In
cadi Issue of the Clarion.
• *    *   *
All posl masters are required, as
part of their duties, to forward all
mall matter (which most certainly
Inrludes papers I to any new address
on a written request to do so; not
otherwise. They must do this or else
noiify tho paper of the person's now
address on forms provided for the purpose. The exception Is when a subscriber moves to n country where
more   post age   Is   required,  even   tlien
the postmaster must forward iuft>cr,
the sub. to pay extra postage on re-
celpt. If moved to the Hulled Slates
and the paper was forwarded to me
from the P. O., I would, of coui'Be,
have to pay Ihe extra postage required. The-P. M. referred to Is likely some old fogy whose Idea's nre half
a, century old, and cannot rend his
Is your name on the voters' Hit. FOUR
Our Socialist comrades down In
Essex are having some rough times ol
lt these slays, ami the way some of Ihe
workmen with capitalist minds oppose our speakers shows that the
cause must be taking root somewhere.
Last Sunday the village green ut Til
ty, Essex, was the scene of (mushier-
able excitement when Comrade II.
Quelck, one of ihe members of Ihe ex-
ocutive committee of the Social Democratic Party, came down from l.oinlon
and addressed a Socialist meeting
there. It seems Unit the "tflntry" In
that part of the country do not take
kindly to the idea of having Socialists
come Into their quiet retreats and
preach discontent to their "serfs" and
as they have not ihe bruins or ihe
courage to enter ln public discussion,
they use other means to drive away
the agitator, ln anticipation of last
Sunday's meeting, they provided their
"loving subjects" with tin trumpets,
wooden clappers, bells and honk-honks
in order to use them in place of brains.
When Comrade Quelch arrived there
were only a very few people In the
audience, but the crowd soon swelled
to several hundred, and then the noise
began. Trumpets were blown, bells
were rung, clappers were sounded and
general pandemonium reigned for a
time, but the speaker kept right on,
and after a time the slaves became
out of wind and the noise subsided.
Then interruptions and questions were
put to the speaker, all of which he answered good naturedly and finally the
crowd became Interested, the noise
died down and a good meeting lasting
close onto two hours was held. As a
resalt of our victory the "gentry" are
in an unpleasant frame of mind and
n* doubt other methods will be used
to keep "undesirables" out of that
particular part of the country, and Es-
sex premises to become a famous battleground of the social revolution in
the near future. This is the second
attempt to break up our meetings ln
Tilly, and as We have won out with
colors allying on both occasions we
have no fear of the future.
Economic discontent seems to be
growing very rapidly ln Ireland, and
Socialism seems at last to have taken
Arm root In Erin. Besides the one
branch of the S. D. P. which flourishes
in Belfast, the I. L, P. has a branch in
Dublin which is now seeking to unite
with the Irish Socialist Society whicli
also has a branch in that city. There
are a large number of unattached Socialists in the seaport towns of Ireland and efforts are being made to
affiliate them with the branches of the
different Socialist organizations and
no doubt the near future will see a
well-developed movement of revolt in
the Emerald Isle. In the city of Cork
a small strike started about a week
ago and it Is now threatening to become general. The coal porters were
the first ones to cease working, then
the employes of the Cork Steam Packet Company followed suit, then the
goods porters of Hie Great Southern
Railway Company came out in sympathy, and at present these three sections of workers have tied up Ihlngs
so completely ln the city that the employers are driving heir own carts and
wagons and doing what they can to
keep things moving. Despite the hard
times, so few men are coming forward
to fill the strikers' places that the
workers stand a good chance to win
The protests against the coming
visit of the Czar of Russia to King
Edward are becoming daily more and
more pronounced, und lt is doubtful
if any other monarch has ever been
more universally despised than
"bloody Nicholas." On Tuesday Sir
Edward Grey, in answer to a question
put to him, announced to the House
of Commons thnt the Government
would lake the full responsibility of
the Czar's visit to England. At this
Will Thome, Labor M. P., arose
and said, "May I ask the right honorable gentleman whether he Is aware
of the Intense and growing feeling In
this country against the Czar's visit
to England? It would be a very good
job If the Russian people would save
him the tiouble of coming here by-
sending him to hell by chemical parcels post." Mr. Thome was sharply
called to order, but did not resume
his seat before he had denounced the
Czar as "an inhuman brute," and said
that "he hoped he would get his desserts when he got here." The friends
of the Czar In Commons were deeply
shocked at Mr. Thome's remarks and
language. A big national demonstration Is now being arranged for Sunday,
July 18th, when a big protest meeting
will be held In Trafalgar Square to
publicly show the disapproval felt In
The enormous uniount of poverty existing at 11m pre cm time in England
I proudly proclaimed by our most 'eminent Blalciimcn" SI Hit) richest country
III the world I was officially shown Dp
recently by figures given out by tke
local gnvfi-nmciii board. The report
showed thtt we have 882,011! register-
eil paupers In KuglHiiti, of which London ulone liinilshcH 11111,1100. During
Ihe Winter Just passed, the hoard re-
Mind 105,000 applications for work,
but was only able lo offer casual employment lo 91.000 applicants, ami
nearly 80,000 men were given lempor
iiry work In I In- London district,
Thi'su figures can convey hut a mini
Idea of the liemciidous poverty thai
exists In then Islands, for Ihey are
only ihe (initial record! and do not Include the great army of 'Mown und
outs" or thi' heller grade of workmen
who suffer and slarve In silence rather
than make their poverty known. Even
now that the rigors of winter are ove.-,
the condition of Die people Is Utile
Improved, and on every hand unemployed men can be seen seeking for
work. Bnd ns last year was, Ihe condition of the working class Is now Infinitely worse than the previous year
and each day increases the vast army
of the "disinherited." Surely the
Jstorni must break soon!
Yours for the revolt,
London, June  19th,  1909.
Mrs. Gould deplored Ihe lack of understanding on the part of proletarian women, who are glad lo get one
good gown a year. She could not understand how Biddie Phelan in Houston street or Maggie O'Brien back of
the yards of Chicago could possibly
call her extravagant if they knew her
needs nnd that soul-racking mental
and physical struggle which she has
been compelled to undergo in order
to dress on {40,000 a year.
Besides furs and jewels ad libitum,
the furs only being in the $40,000
count, there are 124 gowns on the
list which Mrs. Gould declares is absolutely necessary for a woman in society', who drinks heavily, kicks the
poodle, strikes the butler, bites her
lady friends and abuses her husband.
These 124 goWns are enumerated as
12 Morning  Gowns $190
22 Dinner Gowns    $500 to   800
18 Reception  Gowns     250 to   :',50
24 Street Gowns    100 lo   200
G House  Gowns      350
0 Negligee Gowns    100 to    175
7 Tailored  Suits        90 (o    150
4 Riding Habits      150
20 Yachting Suits   350 to   500
G Wraps      250 to   500
47 to 50 hats to match the
various gowns      100 to   20O
Referring to furs, Mrs. Gould said:
"Furs? It is impossible to place a
figure. A black caracul muff boa cost
me $225, a black caracul skirt, $700,
and a black otter boa $125. I used
all of these for automobillng. besides
a $300 fur coat, a couple of fur suits,
and regulation cloth or serge suits.
"These furs get shabby quickly and
one can't change them over except the
expensive furs, such as sables or ermine. I had garments of every imaginable fur, coatB of chinchilla, sable,
caracul, baby lamb, sealskin, squirrel
and Norwegian martin, with neckpieces of sable, white fox and black
fox, and hats to match them all."—
The Lantern.
Mr. Chas Booth, the well-known sociologist, at the close of his vast Inquiry Into the religious stale of London, which his army of assistants
by street, and often house by house,
stales that "Ihe mass of the people
make no profession of faith and take
no interest in religious observances.
The great section of the population
which passes by the name of the
working classes, lying socially between ihe lower middle class and Ihe
'poor,' remains, as a whole, outside of
all religious bodlps. The churches
have come to be regarded as the resorts of the well-to-do, and of those
who are willing to accept the charity
and the patronage of the people better
off than themselves. The average
working man of to-day thinks more of
his rights or his wrongs than of his
duties and his failure to perform them.
Humility and the consciousness of sin
and ihe attitude of worship, are perhaps nol natural to him."—From
"Social and Philosophical Studies" by
Paul I.afargue, page 10.
In my article en the wJ -u-latiua of
Commodities," I poi ited o i that it
was necessary for ti. dpltalist to
realise his commodities in cash. Before his bills Matured, he mist get
back at least, what he had paid lor
labor, raw materia'- incidental materials and interest ou borrowed capital, or he would find himself in diffi-
This applies not only to manufacturers, but to all those In ths lony
circle of distribution. If this is nol
done a stoppage of trade occur Ttt«!
bottom reason for such stoppage! It-
that a social form of prod- 0 .'on bus
grown up In the •eiiltel of I llvldngls,
The antagonism between snfjll I nr
dUOtlon liNd Individual cnirnl. ls
inly one of many of which ittpttaluUVl
Is made up. Another Is that l» wneti
money ns n olrculai r if commodities
and money us tin or uaymei t.
At limes the fun in. • of money as a
means of payment, beco , ■ i Import-
mil, that practice.!!] Ii has u 0^ liiite
antagonism to its function ns a ciiv 'la-
lor of commodities. 1. e, .ils, chegu s,
and so forlh, becoming .nore or li s
discredited, the demand for rold , s
a means of payment belli j-, so gn ,t
as practically i ore- enl its o 'a-
lion, a« a means if ei.culatiqn.
Early In the aevelopen in u:' cai ital-
Ism there were men w' o ui de stood
thai its fundamental aula, nuisnis were
between classes.. Belle saw thai
excess of commodities in depart
ment might occasion disa . in
another, and Owen retc nisei, thai
between the people who wanted work
and those who wanted the results of
this work there was a groat bar of
money which prevented hem coining
together for their mutual advantage.
The finapjie! matnate- if today, are
so obsessed by the money idea, that
they can s->» - beyond it.   They
are at lasi coming to understand that
great criti■- are social ln their origin;
but they aro \vh incapable cf giving
reasons why they ohould come at oi e
time more tie •, another. Marxists on
both sides of ■ . a antic predicted
the panic wliku took place in tbe
states recently, t-o r .en ly, that we
are not out of it yet.
The crash came a little irlier than
was anticipated, lut ihi« .vai due to
the magnates of finance. Ih y tried
to bring pressure to bear upon Roosevelt, and In so doing they pulled the
bottom card out of the pack before
the time. The crisis should have come
in February. We had it in Nov •
befere the crops were moved, ai rl this
intenslfled it.
If we trace the events that led up
to the crisis, we perceive that noi
long ago there was a dull period in the
cotlon, iron, and other trades; a continuous dry rot, extending over a period of years. All of a sudden there
was an idea that the world's stoc'
cotton goods was depleted. Aln'ost
simultaneously came a great demand
fur iron, woolen, and other goods, ""he
demand for rails to extend the American railway system had altogether
overtaken the production. The gree*
Steel Trust, which had hrgun bac'
r it  they Inevitably show  themselves
A panii oscured lu IsT.T mid we «I«*
had jne In 1873, there bnd be*n an
enormous boom all through Gei-mmo
owing to ihe 2200,000,000 gm out of
France. The crisis came first In
Vienna. Thence II spread through
Germany nnd tho United stall's. Many
of our older Coinrades well reuilicr ihe
si.ue of tilings In the Wales In 187:1-1
The Americans at thai lime, had worked ip lo « period when a crisis was
pi lnih'e and Ihe German crash coming
at Ihe same lime, produced n state of
things Inill.ir to what happened In
Hi.       -ly  days of  the  present   pnnlc.
in iSi'i-2 everyone issrned prosperous;
the orkers receiving high wages,
the II rlbtltori growing rich, even lbs
fanners doing well. Huddenly all this
prosperity came to an end, ami liuiul
reds wars out of employment.
The year 1857 gave a rcimirluiblo ex-
flliipl ' of the  I'acl,  Hull   It   Is   nol   Ihe
scarcity of gold  in  relation   to  ihe
wuild market, which brings crises
about,    In   1857 the world had experl
clued the full results of the discover-
Job ni gold in California anil Australia.
Geld came upon the market lo such an
e.xienl a' to produce a marked rise In
prices from 1850 onwards. The cause
of the crisis then, wns the same as
thai of others. There had been an
enormous developeinent of the Western Slates of America. Since the Declaration of Independence, not even
the most far seeing man had ventured
lo predict the attainment of such a
high degree of prosperity. Nevertheless the collapse was all ready. It
came In August, and commenced wllh
a few small failures. By the month of
October, business was al a standstill.
A little later the crisis reached England. The . Liverpool City Bank
closed Its doors, and houses connected with the American trade fell one
after another. On November 9th, the
Western Bank of Scotland fell, and a
panic ensued. Merchants and manufacturers were ruined and thousands
of workers thrown out of employment.
It Is a special feature of the Capitalist system, that under it the amount
of accumulated wealth ls the cause
of poverty. Under previous social
systems, there might be a dearth of
food or other necessaries, but thai
was due mainly to climatic, causes.
Never before was It the case that
the very power of man lo produce
wealth brought millions of people to
poverty. One would think that when
people have lived through two or three
crises, thev .vould leain lo understand II m, and that the capitalist
-In 1 piepare in some way to
uieet them, hut a useless class never
learns; it cannot.
The effects of the present crisis
have been severly felt in Europe. In
ihe early days of it a seven per cent,
bank rate depressed trade, for a manufacturer doing business with a worl -
ing capital of $1,000,00(1 probably has
not more than $50,000 of his own. He
operates with borrowed money, borrowed by overdraft from the bank, or
o.. .t mortgage etc. So with the merchant; he carries on his business by
means of bills and drafts. So long as
\iOuey can be borrowed at 5 per cent.
made n-emendous profits. Iron, "otton.
coal, h d all done extremely well, Cotton mi Is fitted with the best machinery just before the panic, paid 50 pe"
cent, or more, and carried a fair amount
goes well andgood; but at G. 7. 8. 9.
ind 10 per cent, the margin of profit
dl appears, and as profit is I'.o capitalists object, they all hegi, to reduce
i ■'dm-tion and close dov.i. Further
n« .ren begin to find it more difficult
lo reserve. The United States led the|l    ilnance their bills, they try to get
boom. A few years befors, she was
investing money in other countries—
e. g. the lube railways of London were
largely built with American capital—
but suddenly the export of capital
ceased, and America began to be a borrower in the markets of the wor'l
In Paris alone, at least 100 million
dollars had been borrowed on first
class American securities. There was
a great deal of very rapid develope- financiers at the top can really pre-
ment, extending over a perio'd of|ve"t the industrial glut and difficulty
seven years.    There was a pli en in]at the bottom.
hi, I of all the money they can. Hence
the r o.i the Banks. It is not thai
peon.^ ,'enr they might not get their
mono- r r . but that they want the
mr > at nee to make payments.
Ii childish to say that an industrial
ci is a mere gold panic. It means
tl the whole industrial machinery
hi-1 uien worked to the utmost, and
in. amount of sagacity on the pari of
1902-3 but a still wider develc- meni
followed. Just before the crisis, the
papers gave glowing accounts of the
extraordinary wealth of the countr
and were slating that the boom we
on a sound basis. From the point ■
view that there was never ln th •
world's history, so much wealth proportionately lo the number of people
who produced It, America is undoubtedly a very wealthy country, but that
wealth is owned and controlled by
capitalists. These seize on the natural resources of the country—oil,
timber, etc., and set to work with
machinery to produce commodities in
the largest way. All do the same.
They are not. producing for a particular use, understood beforehand, though
the trusts, to some extent, limit production, but all of them seek to realise as much surplus value as possible.
Everybody was engaged pouring out
commodities as fast as they could until the production outgrew the power
of consumption, and the markets previously depleted, were filled
''vises show that just as the feudal
lem was played out when it came
c( to fice with the problems of
iiiode'-r commerce, so capitalism Is
played out in face of the problems of
mo,;-' ■ Industry. Capitalism cannot
made benevolent, Trades Unions lire
absolutely powerless iii the face of an
Industrial Ci-IsIb. The workers are
compelled to turn to Socialism. We
can hardly hope out of Ihe present
crisis to realise the Co-operative Commonwealth, but we can prepaare the
minds of the rising generation for the
developements which are bound to
follow. LESTOR.
the anarchical system ended    in    a
Whether the capitalists forsee lt or
not the clash is bound to come between the social form of production
and the individual or company form
of exchange, as also between the circulation power and the payment power
of money. Theae antagonisms might
not appear in the early days of a boom
Street meeiings ought lo be held
for the sole upose of selling Socialist llteratu i. A street meeting at
which Socialist, literature Is not sold is
a fai'me. Every speech delivered from
a soap bi-x night 'o be directed toward
arousing Interest In Socialist books
Then ann prampieLn and papers.   After the
conclusion of each well-delivered
speech, the audience shonld be Invited
to purchase literature from the speaker or from comri'des in the audience.
The most effective way lo make Socialists is to get people reading along
our lines. If your local ls not pushing the Bale of literature at its propaganda meetings, make lt your business, reader, to do so yourself.W.R.S.
Socialist Party ol Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of tbe principles and programme ef the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to tbe producers lt should belong. Tbe present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of produotlon, consequently all the products ot
labor belong to ths capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
Bo long ss the capitalist class remains In possession of tbe
reins of government alt tbe powers of tbe State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights In tbe means of wealth
product Inn aad their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of tbe working class lies in the direction of setting
Iteeli free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under whlcb Is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
st the point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and tbe worker ls rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of the power ef government—the capitalist to bold, the worker to
secure it by nulHlcal action. This ls tbe class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner ut tbe Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing tbe economic programme of the working class, as follows:     .
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property tn the..--wans of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into tbe collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry
by the workers,
3. Tbe establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will thla legislation advance the Interests of tbe working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If It will the Socialist
Party is for It; tf lt will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to tt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its bands In such
a manner as to promote the interests of tbe working class alone.
60c per year
Two for a dollar
Six months 25c.
Published at Cowansville, P.O.
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
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50 cents a yrar
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prospectus. E. Fulcher, Box 673,
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