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Western Clarion Jun 4, 1910

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Array XJr'CTORlA.-^
•tn> 582 s
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, June 4, 1910.
A Holiday Trip to the Historic Battle-c round of Tweedledum
and Tweedledee.
It was the month of December, and
having a tew stray greenbacks, coupled
with an earnest desire to see something new, we decided to
take the family to the arena of tweedledee and tweedledum, to wit the old
country, so by way of added luxury,
w-a called in on the United States "Socialist party at Syracuse, making the
acquaintance of a number of the latter
en arrival.
I was given a good reception and
consented to attend the Sunday afternoon propaganda meeting to hear Prof.
"Waters, ot the University of Syracuse,
deliver an address on- "Remedial Legislation.*' and take part In the discussion.
Being a trifle late I only came in for
the last thirty minutes, which was
quite sufficient to make me feel grateful for not being there the preceding;
halt hour. Old-age pensions, eight-
hour days, and a string of others too
-Numerous to mention came in for discussion, naturally, of course, from the
capitalist point of view.
Next came discussion. I anticipated
he would receive a severe handling,
hut to my surprise nearly all took the
view or the speaker that they were a
boon to the working class, and a resolution was moved and carried that future propaganda should be conducted
■with a view to bringing about these
"desirable changes." I went after him
apod and hot for fifteen minutes, showing them cause, and effect and the
amount ot benefit it had brought to the
working class ln Europe where these,
or at least a number of them, had been
in operation fbr some considerable
period of time. Then went on to show
tiie relative positions of the workers
before and after, and wound up with
a censure on the "Socialist party" of
the United States who called themselves a revolutionary body, out for the
abolition of capitalism and the reorganization of society, who were wasting their time dealing with the effects
of a robbery, Instead of concentrating
their energies upon the cause of nine-
tenths of our economic evils—the rob-
' bery of tbe working class.
The next item of importance did not
present itself until our arrival ln Liverpool. The atmosphere was dense,
the buildings weird and the people-
having valises, v/e were the prey of
England's degenerates. What a pitiful picture to portray—poverty written
in big letters across their faces. This
was some of the effects of remedial
legislation in England. Sufficient to
say no fewer than two dozen desired to
help us with the baggage between the
dock and the station, but we, heedless
of their cry, boarded the train en route
for Hull, arriving In good time to take
a hand ln the election.
I produced my card to a prominent
member of the I. L. P. and was invited
to speak on their platform. That was
my.move and I availed myself of the
opportunity. I spoke to about 250 ln
midday, a crowd ot men and women of
a cosmopolitan character, all anxious
to hear what I had to say concerning
the questions hovering about the political horizon. I made quite an impression upon the members of the I. L. P.,
•who, by the way, were perplexed at
the way I presented Socialism. My
next two meetings were adverticed and
I had a crowd ranging from 500 to 750
at each meeting.
I pointed out the misconception prevailing in the minds of the people ot
Britain as to what Socialism actually
was, the largest percentage of them
accepting the brotherhood of man and
kindred moralities. I also noticed the
tendency on the part of the I. L. P.
to hit out at their Conservative antagonists at every opportunity, leaving
the Liberals untouched. The writer
made lt his business to show clearly
to the people that both Liberals and
Conservatives were wings of the same
bird of prey, both standing for the perpetuation of capitalism and as such
both were enemies of the working
class and it was the duty of any party
claiming to represent the working class
to, make the issue quite clear, that
they stand fur gochHsm and that alone
—no other tj-'i-..'<■'■• •'.'* ••'..
I attended a few of the old parties'
political meetings. I tried to enter at
one meeting when I was informed that
only tickets would gain admission. I
simply came out on the steps and
called the crowd to order and offered
to hold a meeting outside if refused
admlsion inside. Then the fun began.
Three authoritative looking "gentlemen" in blue came forward and informed me that I could not hold a
meeting at all. and if I insisted 1 should
have the pleasure of their escort to
the nearest lock-up. By this time the
doors were thrown open, thus the situation was saved. The' writer did not
get escorted and the government supplies would last so much longer.
I spoke at a demonstration of the
unemployed in Hull. England, and
what a crowd! I have assisted In a
number of unemployed demonstrations in Toronto, but they do not compare with their brothers In misfortune
In England. Those pinched cheeks,
sunken eyes and stunted forms were
quite sufficient evidence to move any
conscious worker to violence. But
what would be the use when the masters have got their hired assassins to
use against us at the least sign of
disorder. Anyway a demonstration to
my mind once in a while ls a gentle
reminder to .the plutes that such a
thing as solidarity can exist, and,
knowing that tbey might, for the occasion, cough up sufficient to tide the
situation over. On this occasion it
brought many donations, in fact it was
in the neighborhood of $1,000. I am
sure you will agree with me, lt was
worth our trouble. If results would
work out the same elsewhere I would
be inclined to bring in a motion at
our next meeting organizing a corps ot
speakers around the country for the
express purpose of demonstrations and
incidentally replenish our own empty
coffers at the expense of the parasites.
But such a gift as 11,000 does not come
all the time to the unemployed. Inside of three weeks it was all gone. I
assisted in the soup kitchen for the
sole purpose of studying these men,
women 'and children. We fed about
a thousand per day for three weeks.
When supplies ran short, the mayor
was notified of the situation but he
could do nothing. Too well we knew
lt, The only thing that could be done
was to march those men, women and
children to the town hall and let "his
worship" view the crushed part of the
working class once again. This we
did. The results were not so good
the second time, but sufficient was
raised to feed tbem for two weeks
In the meantime, I paid a visit to
London and called upon tbe Executive
of the 8. P. G. B. When 1 arrived at
their headquarters I saw a very busy
bunch of comrades all, in one way or
another, assisting the folding and preparations for mailing of the party organ, "The Socialist Standard." I extended fraternal greetings from my
comrades in Canada to them and was
told to convey theirs when I returned.
I was tendered the privilege of speaking to them, of which I availed myself.
I was asked to speak ln Tottenham for
them, which I did. I got a splendid
reception, one of those revolutionary
receptions. No others but the Socialists know tbe enthusiasm that is
aroused. I presented our position here
in Canada. At tbe conclusion Comrade Anderson Informed me that we
were eligible for the S. P. G. B.
In all I spent a week ln the metropolis. I had to hurry back to Hull for
an indoor meeting to an audience of
'Christian Socialists," Fabians. S. D.
F.'s, I. L. P.'s and a sprinkling of Industrialists. I spoke straight revolution. The reason is obvious—can't
talk any other—and got well received.
Yes, and to my surprise, some of the
prominent I. L. P.'s endorsed my position. It seems to me this element
has not taken the trouble to investigate, consequently they agree with
anyone who appeals to them.
I spoke at a few more o'its*<1« nippt-
ings in tbe course of my SU'     ' ■'■
Age long has been your misery,
Old as the hills your pain;
Unnumbered years in slavery
You have toiled for another's gafn.
Ancient as Nile your galling gyves,
Age-worn as Karnak your chains;
Countless years for glided thieves
You have toiled;  come count your
Come count them, your products of
aeons past—
All earth's great store of wealth—<
Is it yours?   Ah, no, unto this last j
Idlers have filched by stealth.
Arise, for your need is pressing sore!
Arise,   for your strength    is    your
Arise, and win freedom for ever more,
For who shall resist your might?
Babylon's gardens and Mena's halls,
Nineveh, Carthage and Rome;
Gilded cities, begirt with walls,
You have builded—yet lack a home.
You   have   levelled   the   forest   and
ploughed the plain'
.   Till the earth with fatness brags;
You have woven rich fabric, garnered
Yet you hunger and walk In rags.
Oh, Atlas, staggering 'neath your load,
Oh, Labor, bowed down with toil;
Turn, turu on your master's stinging
Revolt, and the spoilers despoil! ..
The elections in France are over
and our comrades there are wild with
jubilation. Of course there are times
when the light-hearted revolutionists
of La Belle France become enthusiastic when there seems little to jubilate
about, but at the recentt elections they
have made some sweeping victories.
In the previous house the party had
63 deputies. This number has now
increased to 76. Twelve of the 63
were not re-elected but suffered defeat.
On the other hand there was a gain.of
35 constituencies, making a net gain
ot 23 seats in the new chamber.
Among the deputies going out who
were not re-elected, are one or two
veterans, and the opposition journals
are as usual making a great cry
about it, while attempting to belittle
the sweeping gains, this ls their way
of whistling to keep their courage up.
The most striking feature ot the
elections, according to Compere-Morel
in "l'Humanlte," ls the enormous Increase in the agricultural vote. This
is the outcome of a vigorous campaign
which has been kept up ln the rural
districts since the last election. The
farmer ls beginning to see that he ls
robbed just aa much as any other
producer of wealth, and that all that
it left to him by the proprietor, the
banker, the corn merchant, the implement agent, the railroad company and
the hundred and one other suckers
who fasten themselves upon his produce, is just a bare living. The reveille has been sounded ln his ears in
France; there is a great stir ln the
cimp, and the farmers have shown
that they mean war by returning seven farmers to throw down the gauntlet
in the chamber.
Current literature has been enriched.
Mr. S. R. Guggenheim, president of
the Yukon Gold company, in a magazine article, insists tbat the real cause
of the increased cost of living ls national extravagance.
His reasoning is clear. People insist on wearing so much silk, that
silkoline is selling at twice what it was.
They demand so high a quality of wool
clothing that shoddy Is all they can
get. They hanker for the choice cuts
of meat, and as a result shank and
liver have been sent, up to 15 cents a
pound. They will live In mansions,
and two-room flats have gone to $30 a
month in consequence. It is so all
along the line. You can see it would
be so. The demand for luxuries is such
that necessaries of life are high because nobody wants them. Perfectly
clear, Mr. Guggenheim.
All these things tend to reconcile us
to tbe fact that the Guggenheims are
gradually cornering the earth, ln so far
as Morgan and Rockefeller haven't already fenced It In. Perhaps we'd better let 'em have Alaska^Balllnger may
have been right about it.
Listen to this fine old bromldiom
of Guggenheim: "I believe," says ho,
"that the wage earner is more extravagant In proportion tn his earnings than
the millionaire.'
Shouldn't wonder a bit! Right in
Seattle wage earners frequently spend
for meat to last them over Sunday
every blamed cent left over from the
week's pay check! Do you happen lo
know any millionaires who do such a
thing?   A pipe or two of smoking lo
in Sheffield, but was denied the privilege of speaking at an S. D. P. political
meeting. They possibly thought I was
a milk and water before they beard
me. Their calculations were astray'
that time. That concluded my public speaking as It was nearlng my time
to return.
My next adventure did not turn up
until well out In mid ocean, when I
actually had the audacity to lecture on
Socialism at one ot the ship's concerts.
It went well for twenty minutes, when
I was interrupted, then another one
joined in. until half the audience
joined ln also. I beard threats of
throw that B  Socialist overboard." I threw up the sponge after
breaking up the concert. It takes the
Socialist to produce gall.
i'-H  r."...
bacco after supper will probably
amount to one-half of one per cent, of
the laborer's daily wage. Mr. Guggenheim's daily income is estimated at
$30,000. One-half ot one per cent, of
this is $150. Do you suppose that the
thrifty Mr. Guggenheim smokes a hundred and fifty dollar cigar after dinner?
Cejtainly not. He ls much more economical "in proportion to his income"
than almost anyone you know.
In order to equal the extravagance of
the laborer who drinks a 5-cent glass of
beer after his day's work, Mr. Morgan
would have to consume 250 quarts of
champagne at $5 a quart.
Mr. Morgan doesn't do It! We state
this boldly.
Mr. Guggenheim asserts—and we believe he is right—that John D. Rockefeller Is the least extravagant man he
knows of. Mr. Rockefeller has never
been known to slip down to Billy's
place on the corner and spend $4,000
playing pool in the evening, as he
would have to If he equalled the extravagance—"according to Income"—of
the stonemason who plays one game
at 20 cents an hour.
But the crowning extravagance In
which the poor Indulge Mr. C.uggen-
heim never refers to. The poor give up
a large—a very large—part of their Incomes to make Guggenheims, Morgans
and Rockefellers. When they come to
real economy, here's where they wlll
begin to cut down expenses. When
they have reformed ln the matter of
supporting millionaires, maybe they
will be better able to stand the strain
of more chuck steak and codfish —
Seattle Star.
Dear    Comrades    of    the    Western
I do not remember of ever having
made out a check with the enthusiasm
similar to the one which Inspired me
to make out the enclosed check for
$1.00 ln payment for subs to the Clarion. A Comrade—let him remain Immortal under the name of Smith-
sent me a sample copy of the Clarion.
I wish I could kiss him on both cheeks
for it. As it Is I depute the prettiest
lady Comrade in Vancouver to do lt
for me.. Tell us yonr secret. How did
you manage to escape the "practical
Socialist.polltlclan?" May you so continue. Good for O'nrlen. More power
to hlm 'irn>. fvi-ternally yours,
•JI   :.'\   '.  Kf.OBODIN*.
A Great Spiritual Upheaval and its 'Purely (Material Insolation.
Under the above heading a local
journal publishes an article dealing
with what is called a gigantic work.
It Is too, and I would.respectfully ask
the Comrades who are so keen for revolution to postpone their efforts till
this great inspiring endeavor has been
What is lt? you ask. Why, nothing
less than "the evangelisation of the
world ih this generation." It will take
world ln this generation." It will take
$100,000,000 a year and 40,000 missionaries. What a stupendous effort;
what a worthy object; and, likewise,
what a graft (or the 40,000. (Say
Gribble, come oft it and get in on tbis
easy line.)
All going to be done in this generation, too, all step-at-a-tlmers please
note. Guess we revolutionists had better get in on the ground floor, for, if
the world ls made good ln this short
space of time, why we won't need any
more agitation.
Every city and town in the States
is asked to give a little, so it is intended that all classes should come in.
Why not ask ->ro. Sam Gompers for his
mite towards converting the avaricious
capitalists who out of sheer hardness
of heart, raise the price of food and
cause suffering to the worthy poor, who
wrongfully have the police to bludgeon
the striking workers, when everyone
knows they only want a fair wage!
Or, again, let them ask Morgan, or St.
John D. for a thumping hand out, to
make the working classes more moral
sober, industrious workers, all able at
a moment's notice ready to jump In
and take bold of a job wben they are
needed, and when they are not needed—well, God knows. De Lawd will
watch his own.
America likes big jobs, evidently, or
she wouldn't be hustling after this one.
But she can do big things, when $100,
000,000 is spent on tbe navy every
year, and ten times that amount is
spent on the Panama Canal. Are not
the souls of a billion people, thirsting
for the love of the gospel, of more
value than these? Thus speaks the
scribe. We answer, sure thing, but we
doubt whether tbe numerous billions
already saved, are ot more value than
even the paper you write on—they are
cheap enough.
These big things all go together, eh?
A big navy for killing your neighbors,
and converting your neighbors to follow the Prince of Peace. And what
a price! We were under the impression that salvation was without price,
and we were well acquainted wltb
scriptural lore In days gone by. Probably It is Blow work that way, and no
doubt you are anxious to see these lost
souls gathered In quickly.
Now, I wonder if It Ib the poor heathen again. We thought tbey were
all saved by now, and civilized, but no
doubt the surplus wealth Is piling up
once more and new markets must be
found. There are still de cullud people
who dress In pre-Adamlte fashion, and
it would shock the tender feelings of
tbe 40,000 missionaries to Bee tbem
thus. They must be clothed, their
feel will be sore, they must have boots,
after wearing these and being civilized
they will certainly have to get the
latest corn-killer. Their stomachs will
be unaccustomed to our strong coffee
and tea—Postum must be used.
Trade follows the flag, the flag, of
course, following the devoted mlsslon-
arles, so it looks 100 chances to one,
that here we have the real reason for
our great effort. Our masters don't
bvangellze for nothing, It Isn't business
and ihere Is no law rules higher than
bush ess interests. Anyway, it will
take '0.000 surplus labor power packages off the market, giving the rest of
us mules more room to breathe.
But seriously, Comrades, let ub haVe
an Immediate demand put on our program at the next convention, to have
this sum of $100,000,000 handed over
to us, as the only original laymen's
movement In the world, the only one
thst will evangelize the world and
mako men be good.
F( r. says our worthy editor, "what
is woith while In trill Hf4f We eat,
dress, drink and ac«i*"n i'-h'.«. imi  Iih
The "we" is certainly not us; we art*
very pleased with ourselves If we hap-p
pen to get a feed, a drink, and aa for-.-
dress, good Lord, did you. ever see usv.
out of our overalls?   We accumulate*,
what?   Debts, and sundry troubles ot!
that nature. "Why not," he says, "give-,
the old world a taste of love?"   We>
sure would like to, old man.   It only;
you old party, fellows, would die off*
quickly,   you   Intellectual . parasites,
hangers on ot capitalism,,are some of
the biggest stumbling block* ln tha.
way. ot love.   You teach the peovtee
any old thing at all but how. to lose*.
You delude them, .teach them   wtatr.
your master wants yon to at so muds
per, and to prate of making this world
better, while you uphold a system of.
robbery of the producer, and then aat:
the producer to love tbe robber. Come-
off your perch, Mr. Editor; we call your*
hand.   And, be says also, -"the Blbler
and Christianity are the fountain* of
this priceless consolation."  . po  you
see .much love abroad amongst, the*,
dear    Christian   nations?'. Peace  on-.,
earth and goodwill toward men at tbe ■.
end of a 12-inch gun?   More like the
facts, eh?   And in your own nation-,,
very Christian and fond of these bbj.
things, look at the priceless. conBOlatlcn*
afforded just now.    A working class ,
stirred up as they never were before..
to a point of exasperation against thetr. .
oppressors.   Perhaps, wheti they get
wise and   learn to hate the. class of -
parasites who ride their backs, they,
will get the priceless consolation! ptt
seeing them rid of forever, and then
maybe there will be love, you may call
lt Christlike or what you pleasov ,
In this Godfearing and . llberty-lor-
in community, as I see It is termed, the)
followers' of the meek and. lowjy gave
last year to this movement $750, and!
their churches represent.a total, wealtm
of more than two . million . dpflara..
Looks like they might study UP the*
story of the widow's mite, or appoint
a missionary to start right amongst
What is a Godfearing community?
Well, it ls made up ot men who tear
God and honor the.dollar..- Who ara
like some I know who thank God at
meals for his goodnesa to tbem,. then
start cussing tbe luck they hare lu
raising the crop. And by love of liberty Is meant liberty to skin,.their
neighbor, lest he skin them:-liberty, to
work as many hours as they like .without the boss standing ovqj them, tha
While. •     ...        .-.,.,  . | '   ;.., .-.
Touching on the farmer's g^aft men*
tioned by Armour of Meat. Trust fame,
may say Mr. Farmer says price of corn
and feed was never ao high; .gone up
300 per cent. In twenty years. It can't
be him.   We live and learn.    F.S.F.
•,; -.ir I
The attention of Ixieals ts called to
the Dominion Executive Committee's)
recommendation that the constitution
be amended to allow any group of
Language locals to choose ah executive committee; said committee to
have the same standing as a Provincial
Committee. Ixieals wishing the necessary referendum taken on this matter
should notify their Provincial Executives and. with the necessary (Indorsation the referendum to amend will be
Suggestions or amendments are invited.
Gems from the Pamphlet Issued by the
Chicago Association of Commerce.
"The baBls of Industrial progtess 1st
the cheap laborer who performs the
patient, tireless and low-paid drudgery which Is in Kteatest demand, even
In this era when complicated and
automatic machinery is bo largely depended upon ln every department of
Industrial enterprise. In facL It ls
this very kind of machinery that
creates the large demand for unskilled
labor nnd which attracts such to manufacturing centers."
"The Italians. Bohemians, Poles and
Russians    . are the best un
skilled laborers to be found anywhere.
They are robust, live cheaply, dress
poorly, occupy small cottages or apartments in localities wnere rent is low*
and they toil for a wage tbat no American would consider and which uosc
SATURDAY, JUNE 4th, 1910
Published every Saturday kr the
"Socialist Partjr at Canada, at the Office
'Ot the Western Clarion, Flack Block
"Basement, 111 Hastaags Street, Vancouver, B. C.
BOBT  OmOB  AXtBBBM,  BOX   838.
-fl.ee *er Year, SO oenta tot Bli Months,
IS ente (or Three Heaths.
Btito-Uy ta Advance.
Bundles or t or more copies, for s
series of not less than three months, st
the rate or one oeett per oopy per Issue,
Advertising rata* en application.
If you receive thin patter, It ls paid
In making remittance hy chef ue, exchange must he added. AddresB all
•os-munkatlons and make all money
orders payable te
Wax ate TMuonver, B. 0.
Watch the lsibel on your payer.   If lids arumber Is oa It,
SATURDAY, JUNE 4th, 1910
Says the manager ot the B. C. Elec-
*Hc Railway company, ln a heart-to-
iheart talk with hla rebellious slaves:
•"In conclusion, let me say that I have
•tbe employees' interests very much
at heart, and I treat that a careful con-
sMeratton of the points I am laying
*efore them will result. In a satisfactory working- basis being arrived at,
••» that our relations may continue on
'the pleasant lines" which have gov-
■erned us during the whole period since
-the company's operations com-
Bounds very much like a grace after
■meat, but we hope that it will. cause
.'the employees,to display a little consideration towards their friend' and
iMaefactor, the Company, which has,
•a he points out, "three Important Interests to consider, the Employees, the
Public and the Stockholders." The
' "Stockholders, they should note, come
last, for, like all corporations, the
Company exists primarily for the purposes, first, of providing the employees
■with a job, "cheap light, cheap gas
(no, this is not a sample), cheap uni-
-ferme, free transportation," and what
la UT Oh, yea, "participation ln a
definite proportion of the profits," and
second, of saving the public the lncon-
"wenlence of having to run home from
their work without the friendly assistance of the strap,, and of living ln
-hourly expectation of being dynamited
"by an irresponsible coal-oil lamp.
Tbe employees may complain that
"-they are the worst paid trades unionists ln town, that they get about two-
Hdrds the wsges ot a hod-man and
nearly as little as a bank clerk. That,
what with house rents and the prices
ef victuals betaking themselves to
-aeroplanes, and what with incorruptible fare boxes, lt la becoming almost
impossible to make both ends come
within wireless speaking distance of
'-one another.
They are not alone,among the af-
"flleted. Can they not hear the piteous
•cry of the widow and orphan stock-
'noMers? Do hot the "rising prices"
make their meagre 6.29 per cent divi-
'dend look like five cents ln a faro
game? We don't see how the em-
-pleyees can have the face to take their
proportion In the participation ln the
-profit* without blushing anyhow.
Nevertheless, Joking apart, what Mr.
■Sperling says Is perfectly true, whether he believes it or not. A "public
utility" corporation (so-called, we presume, because it finds the public use-
■fnl) has. the interests ot the Employees, the Public'' and the Stockholders to consider. The order
'may be Inverted, but the good bonk
says that the last shall be first, so we
can pass that. There has got to be a
dividend for tbe stockholders or the
necessary money capital wlll not be
forthcoming. Of course, the common
or garden stockholder generally gets
•milked, but that Is another story. The
•Pablic has to be "convenlenced," or at
-any rate, less inconvenienced than
heretofore or they will not come up
■with the nickels. This convenience Ib
meted out on the time-honored system of "all the traffic will bear." Finally the employees have to get something or else there will be neither dividend nor convenience.
The current notion that an employee nnder Ibis arrangement should
receive a "living page" Is utterly fallacious. It is by no means essential
that an employee should be paid
enough to live on. It ia merely necessary that he bo paid as little as a properly conducted employee can be educated to exist on. If it can be afforded
It Is as well to throw In cheap light,
gas. participation in the profits, etc.,
to keep him quiet. It pays, and some
people think it is the best method,
Just us some men hold that the best
way to break iu a horse Is never to
lick him and feed him lumps of sugar
amen he is good.
That Is what you "employees" are
up against. If your wages are raised,
dividends will have to be cut, or else
rates for carfare and light will have to
be raised. But rates are already so
adjusted that a raise would mean so
much of a falling off in volume of
traffic, etc., that profits would be
diminished and dividends reduced. Of
course, if all wages in the community
were raised, rates and prices generally
would stand boosting accordingly, and
would be boosted, too, but that
wouldn't buy you anything, as it would
cost you that much more to live. So
where are you at?
Of course, if you think that those
dividends can stand slashing a bit, and
that employees cannot be found in sufficient numebrs to hold down "permanent positions," with participation
in profits, free etceteras, etc., thrown
in, for less than you are asking, why,
go to it. Only, If you are wise, don't
bank too heavily on "public sympathy." The public keeps its sympathy
where it keeps it car-tickets. And
right there is where you are going to
hurt it. You will hurt real estate.
You will hurt business. You wlll hurt
the building trades. You will make a
lot of us walk and we will be more
foot-sore than sympathetic. Your interests and the public's are diainetri-
caly opposed. When you go on strike
you are Ishmaelltes. The only people
you will benefit is the strike-breakers
and thugs, and even their sympathy
you will alienate by heaving paving-
stones at- them. Anyway, it ls not
sympathy you need but sand, simole-
ons, and a scarcity ln the labor market.
However, be the event what It may,
in the long run you will inevitably discover that more advantageous than
either working for the company or
bucking lt, is owning the works. Then
you can get all the traffic wlll bear."
"Property Is theft." At any rate lt is
flrst hand evidence of theft. Moreover
theft ts the sole Incentive to property
The aboriginal savage had no property, haa none now where there is any
of him yet aboriginal. He does not even
know what it means. He has personal
possession, his arms and his clothing,
etc., but these are as much a part of
himself as his breakfast, and were so
regarded by primitive peoples, so much
so that they were frequently burled
with him when he died. The land, the
waters, the forests, etc., these were
nobody's property any more than the
air and the sunlight are now.
But these people were uncivilized
and lacked our glorioua Incentive, the
Incentive to steal. There was nothing
to steal worth while. It kept everybody
hustling to get a living for himself,
and there was nothing over.
Later on, however, when the savage
took to cultivating the soil because it
brought him an easier and more assured living, lt was soon discovered tbat
a man's, or woman's, labor could produce a surplus after feeding the producer. Then the incentive waa at last
supplied for the financiers of the day
to devise ways and means of separating the producer from his surplus,
and property came into vogue.
Exactly how it came about the historians have neglected to record. Not
because there were no historians pres
ent; a mere detail like that would
not baffle a historian. But chiefly because lt ls the fashion to assume that
property always existed quite naturally. To us, however, it looks not un
likely that the religious fraternity of
tbe time bad a hand tn it. Their present record and what we know of their
past points that way.
At any rate, the fact remains that
the incentive to property ownership
was in the flrst place, as It Is now,
that by means of ownership ln property
the producers could be robbed of their
The various iorms of ownership
through which property haa since passed have been merely newer and more
improved methods of robbing producers of their surplus product, the
most up-to-date of which Is of course,
the present form whereunder tbe surplus has been Increased to a maximum and tho producer's portion reduced
to a minimum, and robbery has been
so elevated to a science that the producer does not know he is robbed, In
fact knows that he is not, and is vociferous If not valiant ln defence of
the "sacred rights of property."
"Find no end ln wandering mazes lost,"
and whose endless fulmlnatlons may be
all expressed In the method-madness of
the Moody Dane's reply to the inquisitive Polonius' query as to what he wbb
reading, "Words, words, words."
For instance, Professor Carver, of
Harvard chair of economics, declares
that the causes of present high prices
are "physical and psychological." On
the physical side we are told that "so
long as the gold standard Is maintained
and so long as the government pursues
the policy of free and gratuitous coinage of gold, the purchasing power of a
dollar can never vary appreciably from
that of 25.8 grains of standard bullion."
He might as well have added that so
long as 12 ounces make a pound of gold
a pound of gold can never vary appreciably from 12 ounces. Or that if a dollar certificate were not equvalent to a
promise on good security to pay upon
demand 25.8 grains of standard gold
bullion it would not be worth a dollar.
The chief causes are, however, psychological, according to our professor: "A
slight tendency of prices upward tends
!to give a greatly exaggerated Increase
in the value of productive plants, and
the Investors' market ls violently affected, where the consumers' market Is
only slightly affected. This is a serious phase of the situation because
when the bearish forces ln the consumers' market begin to check effectively the soaring tendency of prices,
the effect will be greatly exaggerated
In the Investors' market, and that ls a
condition which the wise Investor wlll
do well to ponder deeply." Which
same may be likened unto the peace
of Ood.
Before leaving our Professor I
should like to call attention to the
free and for nothing—pardon, gratuitous—phrase. I am sure a couple of
columns of such matter would be better suited to the Winnipeg Voice than
to the Clarion. They would prove an
excellent auxiliary to the "flim-flam"
articles appearing there and would
serve well as a measure of ignorance
in the elementary or accidental form.
Which brings me directly to the cause
ot thla brain spasm.
Under the imposing caption of 'The
Blunders of Karl Marx," I find ln tbe
Voice an article "written especially for
the Voice by- the author of 'Film Flam
Finance' circulars." Its juxtaposition
to the account of the formation of a
Manitoba Labor party gives ample
expression to the cause of Its appearance, bo I consigned my article in
American professors to the flames In
order to take up nonsense "native aid
to, the manner born"; matter more related to our immediate welfare,     I
"Money as a measure of value,"'is
The term money Is here used In its
vulgar sense. But all these measures
have a standard—a .concept—accepted
by us as enabling us to readily under
-land certain distinctions and magni-
ludeB. What is the standard of lineal
measure. The inch is the length of
ihe flrst joint of a man's thumb; the
foot, cubit, span, other portions of
man's body.
I have the Inclination to discuss this
fuller, but not the space; so wlll jump
lo the measure of value, I. e. gold. But
what ls the standard of. this measure?
Human labor, measured ln time. Surely not, someone will perhaps say. Different portion of man's body differ In
different Individuals, so also tbe
volume of wealth In given time by expended labor. Some Individual's flrst
joint of the thumb may exceed an Inch,
hut any score of thumb jolntB chosen
at random will not be more, nor less
than any other score, and wlll equal
20 Inches. A mile is the distance
walked in 1,000 double paces. Some
men would do It In more, some In less;
but any given score of men taken at
random would not walk more nor iess
than 20,000 paces ln a mile, taking
their collective steps. Similarly, no
score of men taken at random can produce more wealth ln an hour than any
other score slmiliarly selected. The
average amount in each case ls the
standard of measurement. Gold is tbe
measure ot value; labor time,the standard of that measurement
Ab an example par excellence of economics extraordinary, comend the following to your friends: "In a market
where free competition and normal
conditions prevail .... the
price of a ton ot coal Ib the result ot a
ratio between the 'supply' of coal and
the 'demand' of money available to exchange for coal." Comment ls needless.
Another simitar character might enable us to fathom the depths of Film
Flam ignorance of Marx. He tells us
"the theory of equivalents means that
with six dollars as the price ot a ton
of coal there ls an equal volume of labor embodied ln the money and the
I have not time to look up all that
Marx has said against this very conception. However, one sentence Is
fixed in my mind and ever will be because of tbe months of thought it occasioned. I thought I had caught Homer nodding, or rather Marx napping.
I give lt just as It occurs to me; I have
not the work (Poverty of Philosophy)
by me: "All this would be beautiful
and true but for the fact that gold and
silver aa money are of all commodities
the only ones which are not determined by their cost of production. This
I have promised'a brief synopsis <6l
Marx's position on money, not a
"Marxian analysis of money" (such a
flight being beyond my poor powers).
Ere undertaking this I considered it
would be well to prove that Gladstone's
pronouncement regarding love and
money held good of Americans as well
as ot Bretons. After completing a
lengthy article on this subject the
thought struck me, of what Interest ls
this to readers of the Clarion. What
do we care about the sand-blind
grobllo's and hired metaphysical word
mongers, who strut, about under the Imposing title of Professor of Political
Economy, etc.; whose duty It Is to lead
humanity     Into   those   metaphysical
realms where, like Milton's fallen an-l0r money.   The value of a yen ls fifty
gels, as Lang has it, we I cents.'
the blunder of Marx here dealt with.J.   _     _"        ..    .   .   '   . .,   ,
,r    I»   ,'A    a .   »..   _ „       „  lis proven by the fact that thelnr place
Henry B. Ashplant is the writer.   Hei"
is the misguided individual I had reference to in my former article as attempting to lead us after the will-o'-
the-wisp, reformed money.
Film Flam commences his article
thusly: "It ls of the utmost Importance
to students of social and Industrial
problems that tbey should master the
principle that determines the vital distinction between,
(a)   A medium of exchange;
"(b)   A standard of value."
Now that ls correct. But It Is of
greater Importance that we should understand the difference between a medium of exchange and money.
"Money," sayB Film Flam, "Is a,medium of exchange," which is as enlightening as to say man is an animal.
Bills of exchange, bank drafts, promis-
ory notes, coins, copper, silver and
gold all functions as mediums of exchange but none of these tokens are
money. If Ashplant had read beyond
Chapter III. Section 1, of Capital Vol.
I. he would possibly have known this.
On page 144, Capital, we read: "paper
money ls a token representing gold or
money;" on page 146 we find: "the
commodity that functions as a measure of value and either ln its own person or by a representative as a medium of circulation (exchange) Ib money." But I shall deal with the question of Marx on money later. Let
those two questions, then, suffice for
the present.
Money," again says Sir Oracle of the
Voice, "Is not a standard of value."
And no one ls more Insistent on this
than Marx; the reason given by Ashplant, however, Is peculiar: "because
it does not embody labor expenditure."
The logical conclusion therefor is that
anything which embodies labor expenditure is a standard of value. Ergo,
doughnuts are a standard of value. It
Is obvious that Ashplant ls unable to
"master the principle that determines
the vital distinction between":
(a) A measure;
(b) A standard of measurement
He lacks his usual perspicacity ln
this respect also. In the Clarion for
May 7th he says: "To measure it it
(wealth) In gold or ought else Is but
to express wealth In terms of wealth
and ls as explanatory as saying a foot
Is twelve lncheB or an Inch ls a twelfth
of a foot."
Hut. how else can we measure wealth
but In terms of wealth; how length but
In terms of length; how weight but in
t'rms of weight?
"What ls the value of a yen?" is the
now historic speech of Borden on the
Japanese question. The value of a
unit of money has answer but in terms
can be taken by paper." What ever
other Illusions Marx had, the idea that
bank notes embodied labor to the extent of their denominated value was
not one of them. In case any comrade should get tied up as I did over
this passage, I quote from the same
work: "Money Is not a thing; lt 1b a
social relation."
Karl Marx, Ashplant tells us, "failed
to analyse the money end of his proposition." This, of course, will be startling news to those who have gloried
ln the perhaps most brilliant analysis
ever undertaken by a human brain,
but of that more anon.
Continuing, he remarks: "Marx assumed that money ls gold or silver.
Because gold ls used as Industrial money, lt by no means follows that money
Is gold or even Its equivalent.   It is
right here that the Socialists who accept Karl Marx's error have to do a
pile of thinking/'   Now, it will assist
Ashplant in further exposing this error
ot Marx which he supposes Marx merely assumed, let me tell him that Marx
formulated lt into a definite proposition.   "But since the capitalist system
of production requires the crystaliza-
tton of wealth ln the form of a single
article, gold and stiver appear as Its
appropriate   Incarnation.     Oold   and
silver are not by nature money, but
money ls by nature gold and silver."
Critique ot Political Economy, p. 212.
Again   in Capital Vol. I., p. 101, he |
quotes this very passage: "The truth
of   the   proposition    that    although
gold     and      silver     are     not    by
nature money, money is by nature gold
and silver, la shown by the fitness of
the physical properties of these metals
for the functions of money."   If this be
error, make the most of lt.   Let me
further assure Ashplant that Marx understood thoroughly the difference between money and   token,   something
which   our   learned   Ontario   banko-
phobe has yet to discover.
I    Our Film Flam economist next essays to tell us what money is.   He
gives us "an original definition drawn
from practical knowledge of the facts,
viz.: money ls a fraudulent medium of
exchange,   which   does   not   embody
labor time."    Money, therefore, silver
dollars, dimes and nickels, dollar bills
and others   (Ashplant's conception of
money)  were not produced by labor
but rained down from heaven like the
manna of the Israelites or the hypothetical    chunk   of   gold   of   Bohm-
Bawerke.  Oh, a most profound economist ls this critic of Marx, and worthy
to be praised.   Indeed, such a mass of
dogmatic statements, unbacked by one
jot or tittle of proof, are not to be met
with outside of religion.   The display
of ignorance concerning the works of
Marx is nothing short of amazing.
ghgf Every Locsl of the Socialist Party el
Cseeds shetdd me e card under this heed
11.00 per month.    Seerelsriee pkese note.
Seclellet Party of Cauda. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. O. Mc-
Kenalo, Secretary, Box III, Vanoouver,
B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
•f Canada. Beets every alternate
Meadsy. D. O. McKoule, Secretary,
Bea Ml. Tenoeuver, B. C.
jtmrnwiA TwonwotAS, wwrnowwrrw
Committee, Socialist Party ef Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall. Mgbth Ave. Bast ep-
paalte postoOee. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any oemmunloatlona
regarding the movement la tho prov-
tajta. mmy^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
F.    Oxtoby,
gary, Alta.
Bee., Box     647      Cal-
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Any reader of the Clarion derirlng information about the movement ln Manitoba, or who
wishes to join the Party please commuuicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebbing, Sec.
Ill Good St.
tlva Committee, Socialist Party of
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fourth Bunday at Comrade McKln-
asn's. Cottage Lane. Dan Coohrane,
Beoretary, Boxi Olace Bay, N. S.
Business _ meetings    every
Tueaday evenlns at headciuartere, over
—   M's Store,  111  Hastings  St  W.
Secretary, Box III.
Finnish. Meets every seoond and
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Hastings St. W.   Beoretary. Wm. Mynttl
LOOAL UU, B. O., WO. 34, B. T. at O.
Meets first Sunday ln every month In
Socialist Hall, Mara, 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Rosoman, Recording Secretary.
X,OOAI, -bABTais-XTH BO. IS, ■• T. OT
C. Buslheea meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. ln headquarters on First Ave.
lulu. Williams, sec., ladysmith, B. C
-LOOAX MOTXB. B. tt, BO. ao—aaBBBB
s        d Sunday 7:10 p.m.  In McGregor
Hall   (Miner's   Hall),  Mrs.   Thornley,
meets la Misers' Hall every Bunday at
7:10 p. m. B. Campbell, Becy., f. O.
Bex 174. Rossland Flnnleh Branch
meets In ^inlanders' Hall, Sundaya at
7:10 j. m. A Bobble, Secy., P. O. Bex
711 Rossland, B. c.
every Friday evening at 3 p.m., ln
Miners' Halt Nelson, B. C. C a,
B Organiser; I. A. Austin, Soey.
X.OOAX, MOIIIX, BO. 8. B. T. OT tt,
meeta every Sunday at «:30 p.m., ta
Miners' Hall. Matt Hallday, Organizer.    H. K. Maelnnls, Secretary.
ot C.    Meetings every  Sunday  at  I
6m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
lghth Ave. K. (near postofflce).   Club
and Reading Room,  ■ Labor Hall, T. H
Machln    Box 147.    Secretary,   A.   Mac
douald, Organiser,    Box 147.
-looax-- aB-bx-BT-oa, aha., vo. u, a.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HaU
J. oliphant, Secretary.
Meets avsry Sunday night ln the
Minors' Hall snd Opera House at •
p.m. Everybody welcome. SooUUst
speakers are Invited to sail. It J.
Smith, Seoy.
. TXOMBXA, ao. a, S. ». OF O.
^quarters    sad    Weeding    Room,
im 1. Baals Building, lilt Qovern-
it  St    Bualness    meeting    every
I tax.   Propoganda
Sunday    at   Orand
Tuesday evening.
Ktinge   every
atre.    a. Ib
_ mo. a, •. a. of o.,
rite avsry alternate Sunday evening
rereetere HalL    Business meeting
at   fits   e'slssk  sharp.    Propaganda
meeting  commences   at   1:11   o'cleokl
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B. B. ef O,
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Tlotertn   Ave.,
 .            m.vw..    	
every Sunday evening at 7:41.    Bust-
aesa   meeting flrat   Sunday   ln  1
month, same plans at till p m.
David reton, Secy, Sox isi
hi ho. t. b. a. oa
Sunday  in .Minors'
C,   meeta  every              ~  	
Union Hall at 7:1* p.m." Business
meetlnge, 1st sad Ird Sundays of each
month. Geo. Heatherton, Organiser;
R. J. Campbell, Secretary, Box 114.
C, meets every second and last Friday lu
each month.   Ones. Chancy, Secretary, Box
137, Vernon, B. C.
tt, HO.
stfujaa*  weeuuKOB  BOBBBT,  B.   v.,  mw.
am. a. ef tt—Meets every Sunday ln
1 In Bmpress Theatre Blook at 1:00
p. m.    Angus Mclvsr. Secretary.
Propaganda and business meetings at
1 p.m. every Bunday evening In the
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passing through Revelstoke are Invited ts attend. B. F. Cayman, Beoretary.   W. W. Lefeaux, Organiser.
 , B. tt. Bo. IS, B. B. sf
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P. of C. Headquarters 111 First St,
Buslnesa and propaganda meatless
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Our Reading Room la opsa to the pns-
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F. Blake lit Athabasca Ave.. Blase
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._„ ,11, oa o. i	
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17a Young Bt; Organiser, D. McDougall, 414
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II Beaton St
Business meeting 1st Sunday la
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tinued during summer months. H.S. Old-
bam Sec. 123 Drummond St.
Propaganda   and   business   meeting's
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.rjjr\r>    ci
BES*.   INij.c.'' CVGJVH-
After stating that for $100,000,000 of
paper currency in circulation ln Canada there is no gold held ln reserve,
he asks If six dollars of this stuff (paper currency) exchanged for a ton of
coal represents exchange of equivalent
I am not one of the persons asked,
but I hasten to assure Ashplant that It
most certainly Is. When I take six
dollars to buy a ton of coal I exchange
through the medium of those six dollars, a definite portion of the commodity labor-power for a ton of coal.   I
tlon ln 1847; and many other things of
Interest and benefit.
He supposes that "an increaae ln the
world's gold supply Increases prices,"
which is nonsense, and then be asked
would an increase ln an "elastic currency not do the same?" He has read
the standard economist!, bo I refer him
to Ricardo. For Ashplant as for Proudhon, "the supreme reason in political
economy ls the good pleasure of the
King" (Canadian Bank of Commerce).
Haa it ever occurred to him to Inquire
Into the reason why a Mexican peso
can also go to the Bank of Commerce, will sometimes buy 40 cents worth* of
tomorrow and obtain for bank notes
representing $100 that amount ln gold.
No doubt about that. Everybody could
not, of course. But I know of places,
of towns, where If every citizen went
to take a drink of water at the same
time one-half of the town would not
get any. Yet no one has ever called
the water ln the well fraudulent on
that account and everyone always has
enough water.
If Ashplant will read the third volume of Capital he will learn something
about banking. He will learn that the
British Government In 1844 attempted
to restrict the issuance of bank notes
in exces of their gold reserve, and he
will find they were forced to remove
those "absurd legal fetters," as Engels
called tbem ln order to save the na-
gold and sometimes 48 cents in Seattle
or elsewhere, while a Bank of Commerce ten dollar bill wlll always buy
ten dollars' worth of gold less the rate
of exchange in the same town. Does
he know tbat he can get more for a
two-dollar bill in a foreign country
Ihan for four fifty-cent silver pieces?
Can he tell the reason why?
But why continue? Enough has been
said to discredit Film Flam's Marxian
knowledge, and in conclusion let me
Inform him that Marx wrote more than
chapter three, section one of the flrst
volume of Capital, and let me add for
the benefit of others, If I may without
taking to great advantage of ancient
phrase, drink deep or touch not of the
waters of Karl Marx.
J. H.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
City Hall
Vancouver B. C. SATURDAY, JUNE 4th, 1910
Tb1* Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Meeting held May 30th, 1910.
Present, Comrades Peterson (chairman), Karme, Mengel, Stebblngs and
the Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Maritime and Manitoba executives;
locals Newcastle, N. B.; Berlin and
Gait, Ont.; Moosejaw and MenzleB,
Sask.; Hillcrest, Alta. (Ukrainian)'
Nelson, Victoria and
Edmonton, Alta.
Fernie, B. C; Comrades Hayward, Na- aperfect right to them, and that the
mistakes, Comrade Hodgklnson did
not express the opinion that the
workers wer not ln sufficient majority
to capture the reins of government,
but was ot opinion that the industrial
union would be a step In the right direction.
An army marches on its stomach.
In this union there are to be all kinds
ot political opinion. At the present
time the workers are in favor of a
continuation of the present system,
which means that they think that
those owh own the means of life have
ramata, and Maxwell, Cumberland, B.
C; Hyatt, St. John, N. B.; M. Barltz,
Manchester, Eng.; and Organizers
Gribble and Desmond.
Charter granted Local Vancouver,
B. C. No. 68 (Lettish).
Resolved that the committee recommend that the Party amend the constitution to allow any group of Lan-
Ruage Locals to choose their own Executive Committee, said committee to
have the same standing as a Provincial
Bxecutlve Committee.
Secretary instructed to enquire into the alleged unauthorized sale of
Dues Stamps by the "Ukrainian Social
Democracy" to S. P. of C. Locals.
Resolved that a donation of $50 be
made towards an organizing tour ln
tbe Maritime Provinces.
Warrants authorized for Clarion May
deficit, $49.50; May Card, $1.00; printing pamphlets, $2.00; postage, $5.00
Secretary's May salary, $16.00; Maritime Executive $50.00; Organizer Desmond, $26.00.
Manitoba Executive, Supplies...$12.00
Maritime Executive, Supplies...   5.00
B. C. Executive, Supplies  60.00
Local Menzles, Sask, stamps.... 5.00
Looal Hillcrest, Alta (Ukrainian)
Buttons   10.00
laterature     2.50
Clarlan Maintenance Fund, (Mrs.
O, $2.60; Lewis, 60c)     3.00
Publishing Fund (Nelson, $10.00
Victoria, $10.00; Fernle, $10.00)
j-  30.00
Total    »H7.50
Meeting held May 30th, 1910.
Minutes of  previous  meeting
and approved.
Correspondence dealth with from Locals Farnle, Nelson, Sandon, Nanaimo,
and from Com. John Staples, Clover-
•Warrants authorized for Clarion May
Oard,$ 1.00; Dominion Executive, supplies, $50.00; Secretary's Salary for
■May, $15.00.
local Nanalmo, stamps $ 1000
Local Sandon, stamps      5.00
Local Vancouver (Lettish) Cuar-
ter       l°nl
John Staples, organizing      3.00
Donation to Organizing  500.00
Total    »521-"00
Dear Comrade,—Being a Socialist in
embryo and having heard and read
enough to make me hunt for more
knowledge, lt does me good to get
Into a wordy war with those who have
different opinions, be they ln favor of
the continuation of slavery or not. On
Saturday, the 28th, Local South Wellington held their usual propaganda
meeting with the usual poor turnout.
We were favored by the visit of Comrades Cartwright, Brlggs and Hodgklnson, of Nanalmo. As usual, after the
comradea had addressed the meeting,
questions were Invited, One question
wsa asked, and methinks had we not
had to rest our carcasses to be able
\o do our stunt of work the following
day we would have been chewing the
rag yet.
For some time past Comrade Laz-
zarls has been trying to peddle some
kind of union dope, but owing to his
Inability to express his thoughts ln
the English language or Scotch glb-
herage me no Bavey, Comrade Laz-
zarls wanted to know If the workers
over twenty years of age were ln sufficient majority to gain control of the
reins of government. Cartwright answered that the returns at last provincial election proved that there
were. At this a hubbub arose. One or
two there were who thought the workers have not a sufficient majority and
that we can only gain our emancipation by being organized industrially
as well as politically. By the Industrial union we are going to show our
masters that we have sacred rights
and liberty which we do not mean to
have torn from us.
Comrade Hodgklnson was of opinion
that as the franchise was being at-
takced, the industrial union would be
very useful ln having the power
to cause a general stoppage of
work and thereby force our mast-
. era to restore that sacred right
the     right     to     vote.     To     avoid
workers have a perfect right to go on
strike till the skin on their bellies
comes ln contact with their backbones, or be driven at the point of the
bayonet out to perform their usual
stunt, should they perchance think fit
to partake of the goods which are
stored up in the warehouses, etc.
Since the workers are in favor of conditions as they exist how would the
union do the trick?
Yours struggling to get out of Kings-
ley's proverbial swaddling clothes.
The work of Socialist Locals to be
effective should be twofold. They
should carry on a work of educatlpn
and organization. The outsider must
be reached by some means or other.
If tor any cause no speakers are avail-'
able, lt ls no reason why locals should
be stagnant. True, lack of speakers
ls a handicap, but one that can be
overcome to a large extent. There ls
no reason why literature campaigns
should not be carried on, and, as "Mc"
pointed out a while ago, they bring
results. The town or city wherein the
local Is situated can be mapped out
Into wards, or divisions, and a section
allotted to each member to distribute
say, the Western Clarion. Of course,
not all the time. After a short spell,
volunteers should go round again with
a subrbbok tand canvass tor subs.
This would help both local and paper.
Now, to show how lax some locals
can be on this matter, take the case
of Calgary Local. Last March a whirlwind campaign was put up; strenuous
work was Indulged in by all or most
of the members. Every house tn the
city received a copy of the Clarion,
and the result was the vote Increased
by 60 per cent, ln Ave months. But
after the election, all efforts were apparently suspended; no attempt was1
made to secure subs, from the seed
sown by the literature campaign, and
today this particular local shows signs
of life only when Gribble or O'Brien
blows through.
Spasmodic efforts like the above are
no use for good results, and a more
systematic method must be adopted.
Here comes ln the organization.
Though the-membership be small, if it
is sound at bottom and composed of
men who want the revolution, work
will be done; instance Toronto, where
the only workers are the reds. So get
to business, and get the members
studying the beat way to push on
propaganda; see If each one takes In
the Clarion. I know of men being on
tbe Provincial Executive Committees
who said "the Clarion was too dry and
no good; the little old Appeal tor
them." The latter ls a paper, mark
you, whereof a recent subscriber said
tn sending In his renewal, that he
didn't know what Socialtam was but
it told lots of truth. See If you have
got many like this ln your local, and
if so educate them, or If they are of
the permanent opportunist brand, ask
them to step outside; the 8. P. of C.
ts no place for them. Also be sure of
the fellows you put on the box. Many
Locals Buffer from not being sure of
their men before allowing them to
take the stand. I've heard one well-
meaning comrade say; "Fellow workers: We 'ave 'ere the heminent hara-
tor So-and-so, who knows all about the
capitalist system, the Grand Trunk
system, etc." (Here he was cut short
and hauled down to save him from
making a further ass of himself.) You
can't be too careful ln that way.
Some locals seem to spend their
time ln writing resolutions about various things of no particular account
and running them in print. Lots of
meetings are utterly spoiled by chewing the rag over these things whereas
If the local was in fighting trim, all
members ready for action against the
common foe, there would be no
thought ot nor Inclination for thus
frittering away the time.
Organizers should get In touch with
all members, look them up, and see
they come to meetings if they can,
and not be content with payin dueB
alone. And get after those fellows
who seem content to sit around and
play cards, the while declaiming
against the ignorance of the slaves.
Remind them of what they were once
and ask theni If lt wouldn't be better
to help romeve said ignorance, than
continually jaw about it.
I have never seen in this country
yet, however, so bad a case of slackness as I saw at ana 1. L. P. business
meeting. The members were all busy
playing billiards, and rather than
break up the game, one of the players
proposed that Rev. So-and-so be adopted candidate for a municipal election approaching. It was carried and
the game resumed ln two minutes
Comrades, when, billlardB or anything else is going to come between
us and our work tor the Cause, let us
cut it out. We have a stern work before us. It may not be all a walkover,
so be ready; keep fighting; get rid of
the "won't works" In the party and we
progress. Push the paper; you spare
the Local a dip Into the treasury to
keep lt going every time you get
more subs.
Now then, get to work, and anyone
I have hit, don't get sore; there is
nothing personal intended. I am out
for Socialism, and I want all members
to be too.
F. S. F.
There appears to be much more tol-
erence towards the outside opponents
In the Western Clarion than Is accorded us poor members ot the Socialist Party of Great Britain by the so-
called "Socialist" press here. If we
send a letter or article ln direct opposition to the Blatchford "Clarion,"
Justice or the "Labor Leader," lt ls
Ignored. We are treated aa being below mankind. But "Gourock" when he
states he is outside your party and
lands you one or two in writing, you
welcome him. Quite right, too. That
is just the spirit. But poor "Gourock"
like many another "industrial unionist" seems to be possessed of a lot of
notions which, put under the searchlight, fade away as snow under the
rays of the sun.
He speaks (or writes) that the Confederation Generate Travail of France
ls organised on the lines of "industrial unionism," "with the ultimate aim
ot establishing socialist production."
Those are his words. Now, perhaps lt
will be Interesting for "Gourock" to
know that the C. G. F. of France are
anarchists and repudiate political action absolutely. How anarchists are
going to Introduce Socialism (which
can only be accomplished by the control of the political machinery first),
ls a question "Gourock" must answer.
As to what is going to institute or
organize the Socialist system ot society. I am under no delusion what-,
ever. Socialists alone can accomplish
that. There the chief necessity must
be the organization for socialism, and
as the working class must flrst obtain
political suppremacy (vide Marx and
Engels), it means that political action
ls the main road upon which we must
tread to attain it.
But is there anyehlng ln "industrial
unionism" at all? Students of social
and economic evohu. -i know that society is a growth. They know that
we have evolved from' "lower" systems. They know that capitalism Is
put a phase developed from the past,
and In the past the present was born.
In the present therefore the future is
receiving its nourishment and wlll be
born after the womb of cabltallsm can
no longer hold It. As at the moment
of conception all the potentialities of
life and development are Inherent, so
with the capitalist system. Capital-
Ism has witbln Itself the germs ot Ub
own destruction and it is that that
makes for the action of political control. The present method of production Is itself developing and producing the Industrial organization which
will "take hold" of the means of pro
iluctlon. Marx ln his chapter on the
"Historical Tendency of Accumulation," says:
Along with the constantly diminishing number of the magnates ot capital,
who UBurp and monopolise all advantages of this proceBB of transformation, grows the mass ot misery, op-
preston, slavery, degredatlon, exploitation; but with this, too, grows the
revolt of ths working elsss, s cists
stwsys In creasing In numbers, snd
disciplined, united, organized by the
very mechanism of the process of cspltallst production Itself." Page 789,
English  edition.
Therefore, as is plain by the smull
quotation, the "Industrial union" ls a
futile effort and a waste of time. Capitalism is bound to collapse, and, at
the moment when lt collapses production must go on, or otherwise mankind will starve. When Harrlman died
did the workerB on the Union Pacific
stop work? No! Someone else took
his place. If all captains of Industry
died today production would still proceed and those who held political power would see It did.
Napoleon, Cromwell, accomplished
their actions because of the army being at their back. The workers are
kept quiet because the capitalist owns
and controls the political machinery.
Just fancy what "Gourock" and his
faction would do Inside a factory
"holding the means of production" and
they'd have a fine chance against a
battery of artillery outside, wouldn't
they? The capitalist class use force
agalnBt the workers ln order to protect
their Interests and that ls why
army and navy and police are kept—to
protect capitalist property, that ls all.
Now suppose, "Gourock says, that
these men are workers and should
have been organized ln their "industrial union" before joining the
"forces." But all the "I. W. W.'s" In
the world cannot stop tbe Increase ln
the unemployed. Men must live, and
ln order to do bo aa a last resort join
the army. If, however, we could teach
them what Socialism is and what lt ls
not. then I feel sure they would sooner
listen to working-class representatives
than the vaporings of the capitalist, If
the working clas held the political
reins. The army does what lt ls commanded to do. It ls unlikely that they
will refuse to act when the workers
have political dominance? No I think
It ls the political power the workers
must go after flrst; when they have
got that, well, "Gourock," you wlll
have a chance to suggest industrial
organization if you like. In fact I resign my position now in your favor.
But. my friend, though I disagree with
you in "I. W. W.-ism," I quite agree
with you ln the attitude you take up
against the I. L. P. Here (speaking
about the army) Philip Snowden did
what John Burns did in 1893. He supported the shooting down of the working class. He is a lover of tbe people,
a "Socialist," agreeing with the cold-
blodded massacre of the workers at
The I. L. P. also believe ln "Social-
Ism" as It Is carried on ln. the post
office. They say they want tho "socialization ot land and capital." Just look
at that! Dozens ot branches here
supparted the Liberal party. Many
speakers ot the I. L. P. are now upon
Free Trade platforms. Two I. L. P,
spoke in support of the Liberal candidates at Crewe a few days ago. They
were prominent men ln the Manchester and Salford I. L. P.
The I. L. P. are not Independent,
because they support all kinds of fakes
—mostly the Liberal party. They are
not Labor, because they stand for exploitation and the subjugation of the
wage laborers. They are not a party,
because they cannot run their "own"
candidates and even any themselves
and because they are governed by a
few who boss the show and lead the
"vorking class" to any place they desire.
So with the S. D. P., too. They are
much more treacherous than the I. L.
P., because tbey sometimes preach the
diss war. Liberal and Tory are supported now and again and as suits the
C, and that is usually determined
by bow much money Is put Into the
party's funds (Camborne, for instance).
What with Liberalism. Toryism, La-
borisra and S. D. P.-ism, we ot the
Socialist Party of Great Britain have
much to contend against. But gradually we are exposing the treachery of
the so-called worklng-clasB parties and
no doubt we wlll soon be able to stand
before the workers fully vindicated
and sufficiently well known as being
(as we are now) the only Socialist
party tn Great Britain.
Receipts for 1909, $2,518.32; ot this
amount we find the government grant
to be $1,000. Government grant for
delegates' expenses to grain convention to Calgary, $269.55, making a
grand total from the government to
this body of intellectual hayseeds
called United Farmers of Alberta," of
$1,269.56. In other words the government has put up $20.78 more dough
than the United Reubens tor this show,
and should surely be entitled to a
majority of the stock, thus directing
the management.
We have no kick on this; its perfectly correct and In keeping with the
times. We do wonder how ln hades
the U. F. of A., a government concern
evidently, found ways and means of
extracting $1,248.77 from the bunch of
united pumpkin-heads. This hunch,
united and disunited, should be severely spanked, separately then unitedly,
for following in their usual path of
blunders, by publishing this little Item
of charity bestowed upon them by their
enemy, the government, of $1,269.55.
When you scan the next yearly report of this fighting bunch we venture
to predict you will see no such trifling
Item mentioned as "really, lt does no
real good to the cause, you know."
This Item should have read: "By donations from friends and other sources
too bashful to see their names ln
print," $1,269.55.        S. W. WELCH.
qulclily ascertain
ill.     '
MivmClim is probniil- i'',"'i!,,1S',iSi««telB*"JS*?-
lions strictly cr,iiiiii"«i '"'-.HMPBWKjm Patents
Tradc Maims
Copyrights Ac.
Anrona snntllna n rl'.rtr-h olid description mar
*?$ ic-Hi "nr onmlng freewhetlier en
n'Jjl"  *
limit In
1'iiMiiS taken tfir.aiijii'WmV*"(& teoeive
tpeolal notice, -rltliuul clisroo, In tne
Scientific American.
r.-in-ad*, $8.1* a year, jwrtage prepaid-    Bold fry
^MiBro.*-,, Hew Tort
, fa » St, WesMastoe. P. OL
Comrade Editor,—Is not capital a
thing? Yea, verily, lt is a thing to
thank God on. The more we analyse
It the more we feel like singing praises
all the day long.
We read ln Galatlans, v. 9: "A little
leav.en leaveneth the whole lump." I
read ln local newspapers the other
day how a duck in the United States
thought he would put It to the test.
He gobbled up some yeast and shortly
afterwarde he busted. "The duck, oh
where waa he?" And lt occurred to
me that just as soon as the wage
slaves are leavened w 1th the leaven
of Socialism, capitalism and iwage-
slavery will go off with a pop also.
The leaven is already working.
How can there be any compromise
between capitalism and wage slavery
or wage-slavery and capitalism? Ths
one implies the other; the one conditions the other; the one cannot exist
without the other. There cannot be a
consclousnes of one without a consciousness of the other. We Socialists are out to abolish both. Our ultimatum is No Compromise. Labor
creates its own antagonist and then
submits to the tyranny and domination of its own rceation.
All a labor candidate can do ls to
agitate for more wages. Apparently
tbls would resolve Itself into less profits; but do you think if the capitalists give a general rise in wages other
commodities would not rise also? Of
course they would. Capitalists are
financial experts; they are sensitive to
every fluctuation of the markets. They
are sharks, and If they part with a
sprat it ls only to catch a whale. Labor makes both wages and profits. We
Socialists want both. We want what
we earn—what Is justly coming to us,
And we are going to get lt.
What do you think of capitalism?
How do you like lt? Capitalism hangs
over the earth like a black cloud, and
darkness is upon the face ot the deep.
But do you see yonder shining light?
No, It Isn't Halley's comet, nor the
star of Bethlehem. It Isn't Napoleon's
star. It Isn't one of those stars that
you see when the policemen hits you
on the head with his stick, Mr. Striker. And lt Isn't one of those on the
star spangled banner. No lt doesn't
confine its rays to a country; It Illuminates the whole world. It ls the
bright, clear light of Socialism. It
darts through every guilty soul and
murder, treason and detested sins,
the coat of night being plucked from
all tbelr backs, stand bare and naked
trembling at themselves." The thief,
the traitor, capitalism, who hath been
revelling In the night, knows he ls
naked and ts abashed. For the sake
of decency, somebody give the cowering, trembling forked radish a fig leaf.
But you, Mr. Wage-Slave, keep your
eye on the light. It shines for you.
Let it be as a lamp to your feet and a
light to your path. Truly the light ls
sweet and a pleasant thing. It Is for
the eyes to behold the sun rising in all
Its glory. He tricks his beams and
with new spangled ore flames ln the
forehead of the morning sky. Arise,
wage-slave, and shine, for thy light ls
come. The day breaks; the clouds
have departed; the shadows flee away.
Let the bright and morning star shed
its beams around you.
How would some of you plck-and-
shovel wage-slaves like a college education? The other day I was reading
a chapter of the "New Ethics," a book
by Prof. G. H. Moore. At Oxford and
Cambridge they educate men till they
receive the title D. D. Professor
Moore tells us one of these D. D.'s
devoted his time to finding out when
man was created and he came to the
conclusion that "man was created by
the Trinity on October 23. 4004 B. C,
at 9 o'clock In the morning." There
is something so profound, so stupendous, so overwhelming about this discovery thst It staggers humanity. The
word "dunce" had Its origin ln a name
I. e., Duns Scotus (died 1308), the
Bubtle doctor, tbe leader of the schoolmen, from him called Dunses, who opposed classical studies on the revival
of learning. Ilences any opposer of
learning—a blockhead—D. D., that Is
to say Drivelling Dunce.
Well, let us cease to talk about
dunces. Let's talk of graves and
worms and epitaphs. King Edward is
dead and burled. He has exchanged
his large kingdom for a little grave—
a little,' little grave. It is Interesting
to note that although he was respected
and sincerely mourned by a good
many, English kings have not laways
been bo respected. Bigod, Earl of
Norfolk defied Edward the First when
he wanted him to go to war against
his will.
"By God, Sir Earl," swore the King
to Bigod, "you shall either go or
"By God. Sir King," was the cool
reply.  "1  will neither go nor hang."
Ami Oliver Cromwell said: "If I
met Ihe King (Charles I.) ln battle I
wmil'l lire my pistol at the King as at
knotber." Was Oliver Cromwell a
patriot *" Yea, verily. They hung his
body upon a gibbet, and now thoy have
hlm .nitsldn the Houses of Parliament
Mdlng a cock hoss to Banbury Cross
to s(e a fine lady get on a white hoss.
Yours for Socialism,
tXere and Tfow
By "Smith."
j ____.
The financial statement of the
Clarion for May shows a deficit ot
$49.50. How do you like it? In spite
of all the belts and laurel wreaths and
other badges of merit held out to Induce you atlffs to boost ±te only paper,
this is all you can do. Pe i aps the hot
weather has made you apathetic 1st
mind and stiff In the j -in*9. We must
do better or withdraw the , U. Let ua
put it right next month.
• •   •
Gribble ls still doing his bit notwithstanding a bum arm -or some other
physical disability. He has managed
to bring down five ln Steelton and
Sault Ste. Marie.
• •   ■
A.   Percy Chew,   Winnipeg,   Man.,
drops tn another one together with
some interesting remarks on the nature
of the Labor.party ln that spot of the
world. He wlll not be surprised If lt
dies a natural death shortly. For the
sake ot the plug let us hope so.
• •   •
A. P. Hazell'B "Summary ot Capital."
recently published serially ln the
Clarion, ls now off the press. This Is
a work that should be sold by every
local ln the Dominion. Many wage
plugs not possessing the necessary
power to apply themselves to the laborious work of studying Marx ln the
original form will find this digest an
excellent little work, aa it contains a
clear, lucid explanation of the Marxian
theory of value, concise definitions of
labor-power, wages, etc., and a (ull account of the process of capitalist exploitation. My advice to every reader
ls to get onto lt. Keep one In your
pocket for reading in street cars ind
other like places and carry a dozen
with you for distribution amongst your
fellow workmen. Local Vancouver has
started the pace with an order for
one thousand. The price Is fairly low,
and, as the quack medicine sellers say,
witbln the reach of all. To subscribers
to publishing fund, $1 per hundred; 26
cents per dozen to others and 6 cents
per copy.
• •   •
Steen ls< busy as ever ln South Vancouver.   Two more scalps on his belt.
Keep lt up and you'll have as many In
your district as in the city,
e   •   •
Comrade Lewis, Vancouver, had 60
cents over the cost of production of his .
labor-power the other day and passed tt
on to the Maintenance Fund.
e    e    e
Whether we speak of Canada or the
States ss "the land ot the free and the
home of the brave," makes little difference. It Is as true in the one case ss
in the other. It Is a free country to
those who are strong enough to bluff
and sufficiently wealthy to control the
lives of their fellow men. If all men
are "born free and equal," they lose
their birthright somewhere between
the drawing ot the first and second
breath. As we have to submit ln the
most cowardly fashion to the end that
we may secure something to eat,
home ot the brave" Is just about as
beautiful as the flrst part of the line.
Two lies in two statements.
• e   e
A good way to spend Empire Day
or any other day like lt Ib to go hunting for subs. This ts how J. W. Treb-
bltt filled It In, and he caught two of
them right ln town.
• •   •
Hugh Mitchell, Cumberland, encloses $3, renewing his own sub., hooking up a new one and a dollar to go
somewhere. The heart of Watts ln
Winnipeg will be gladdened by an Increase In tbe size of his bundle to the
extent of the aforementioned dollar.
• •   •
Job. Effler digs up a couple of clams
In Qrandvlew, Vancouver. Everybody
• •   •
We have a communication from the
postmaster here notifying us that there
is no such person as Thos. Andrews,
Room 6, Dominion Trust Building,
known to the post office. If this meets
the eye of Thos. Andrews or anyone
who knows him, a postcard will put us
•    e    e
A. 8tewart, Mooee Jaw, puts another
one on the list and wants a dollar's
worth of Charlie's dope, as also doea
Jas. Haywood, who sends one fifty for
his renewal and a bunch of "A Proletarian In Politics."
One each as fallows: D. Graham,
Prince Rupert; D. Pearson, Colling-
wood East; F. Watklnson, Toronto;
H. S. Oldham, Ottawa; J. E. Dubber-
ley, Vancouver, B, C; W. S. Buchanan,
Saskatoon, Sask.; Taque. Vernon, B.
C, J. McComblo, Phoenix, 1). C; J.
Wright, Dauphin, Man.
 tke tjuslness of Manufacturer!',
Itnrieeerii end others wliorealiM the Rdviaabsl-
ity el baring thtlr "'ntcnl l,iiBincss transacted
ly neat's. PreHmiimryndvicc tree. Clmrfree
1-K-ienUs. Oar Inventor's Adviser seiituwro
rco»e«t. Merlon Ik Marlon. New York Life Bldg,
SATURDAY, JUNE 4th, 1910
It recently being a wet Sunday afternoon, too wet for us to hold a propaganda meeting, some of us went up to
that institution known as the People's
Forum. This is the same place which
some of the late reform members of
the Socilalst Party attended and claimed that they were spreading "the Socialist Philosophy amongst a large and
intelligent audience." To hear the discussion you would think they had been,
all kinds, patriots, people who can
prove poverty is your own fault, and
single taxers, who talk about they are
Socialists, so far, but do not see the
necessity for it, for why don't you
know that when we have got the land
and the emancipation of labor, we
could soon get the machinery, or If
■ot we could produce more, couldn't
we. Where I can hardly see their arguments Is how labor can be emancipated, whilst one class still holds the
most vital factor in production today,
the machine. We might possibly get
along on some kind of Tolstoi Socialism, but what argument that ls used
against the ownership of land is tbere,
that cannot be used against the ownership of the machine?
The speaker was a native ot India,
and his subject "The Cause of the Unrest In India." The speaker gave us
quite ah interesting and educating talk
on the conditions existing ln India, but
not being a mastes of that useful
Chinese hieroglyphics known as shorthand, I shall have to write from notes.
He outlined conditions ln India which
are certainly a disgrace to civilization,
bnt are hardly any different ln India,
when climate, soil, waterways, geographical position and other conditions
are considered, than ln Canada or England or any other country. He spoke
about the wealth of India, that it was
the brightest jewel ln tbe British
Crown, also of the great buildings, and
the most modern and up-to-date hotels
there, but all belonging and owned by
' the British. He mentioned how tbe
standard of living there was being con'
tinually lowered, and now the people
of India were receiving on an average aa wages, about 6 cents a day. No
wonder our patriotic bosses like to
help the poor heathen by giving him
work. He put up some good arguments against the thriftlessness and
the laziness of the people there being
the causa of their poverty and showed
that since British rule had been established there the natives were compelled to work about twice as long to
get about half of what they formerly
got, which means that a man has to
work 4 hours now to, get what he
previously got in 1 hour.
If this is the result of civilization,
and It seems to be the general rule
(Cuba is another example), the sooner we geT back to Bavagery the better
lt would be for us, only we cannot turn
the clock of time backwards, we must
continually keep going forward.
Then he told pf a previous system
In India, ln which they lived ln a state
Of Collectivism, he called lt Socialism
and claimed that India had Socialism
before Europe knew of it, but which
really waa communism, a system
which existed before chattel slavery
and private property was Introduced
Daring that time starvation amongst
them was practically unknown, but
that It was a product of modern civilisation, which undoubtedly is a very
unpleasant truth. Still we muBt recognise that his ideas are simply a result of his environment, and according
to the way he gets his living, so will
his mind record, and convert these records Into Ideas.
His remedy for the evils of India,
wbb by giving the Hindoos self-government, such as Canada and South
Africa have, thus the cause, the robbery by the British would be removed.
Remove the British exploiter bo that
the native capitalist could extract hU
full pound of flesh from the hides of
the workng claas! Truly an Ingenious solution of the situation in India.
Do we find in any country where we
have capitalists, It matters not whether they are of our own nationality or
not, that we have a system where
every man can be assured a living,
where he can be certain that If he Ib
willing to work he will be able to provide himself with the necessities of
life? We don't, and neither would we
In India so long as a capitalist of any
kind was allowed to take unearned
wealth. Whether he s a black or a
white exploiter of labor, capital must
have its just reward, and its just reward is all it can get.
The remedy he puts up appeals to
me In about the same manner as the
single tax theory, which Is this. That
a bunch of small exploiters, who
know nothing ubout Burplus value, are
exploiting labor, but after getting all
the proceeds of the exploitation can't
hang on to lt but are compelled to
hand over the greater part to a landlord. Remove the landlord and the
surplus would then be allowed to stay
in their pockets. How very nice for
them, but how nice for the fellow underneath to know tbat the surplus lie
produces docs not go to the landlord, but the employing capllallst
keeps  It.
Our friend assured us that he did not
think the Hindoos would rise In revolt
and give us a repetition of the Black
Hole of Calcutta, because when the
prrwi'i   I'.'n':.  tiovrpa V,  was  there"",
they gave him a great reception. But
would the memory of the great white
Rajah be strong enough to counteract
such an economic condition as starvation, I hardly think so. Give the
people of Canada a good crisis and see
which dominates their minds, patriot-
Ism or economic conditions. Then,
again, read the capitalist press, does
It not seem as if a great fire was beginning in India? The asassination
of Curzon Wyley, the publishing of
the so-called seditious papers are
these not embers smouldering and
waiting to be fanned Into the flame of
Why does England want India in Its
dominions, especially when you remember the army that has to be constantly kept there? Simply because it
is an absolute necessity under the system, lt is a result of Imperialism. Imperialism or jingoism is capitalism extending and preserving itself, with the
aid of those hirelings known as the
army ard navy. The workers who produce cannot buy back with their wages
that which they have produced. There-
tore, we are in a position of seeing
things which we need produced not
for use but for the increase of capital. So the capitalists through their
government destroy the liberties of
weaker nations and compel! them to
find a market, to be exploited and pay
interest on bonds. Their method of
civilization is first, the missionary,
then the rum bottle, then the bayonet
to keep them in order while they rob
them. Such is capitalism, out of
which grows imperialism, resulting in
the universal misery of the working
class, which can only be removed by
removing capital and capitalism, lock,
stock and barrel.
Man has evolved to his present
stage of sensitiveness slowly but surely and in tbe march of evolution will
reach a higher stage just as soon as
he is completely freed from the ever-
present necessities, such as food,
clothing and shelter. One class, the
master class, does not have that present gnawing stomach-hunger, and their
needs ln regard to fine raiment and
fine houses are amply provided for,
consequently that trait of sensitiveness is developed to a hlghter degree.
The wage-earner Is forced by a competitive labor market to devote all his
energy towards obtaining his food,
clotbing and shelter. He Is always in
the midst of poverty, misery and starvation, surrounded upon all sides by
fllth, rubbish and literally wallowing
In offal. He is accustomed to the
sights, sounds tnd smells of the slums
from the time he kicks ln his cradle
until the time he kicks the bucket.
"Vice is a monster of so frightful a
That to be hated needs but to be
Yet, seen too oft, familiar with her
We first endure, then pity, then embrace!"
These lines from the poet tell the
true story in regard to the working
class. They are individualists and
have not realized the value of combination (only to a certain extent) in
obtaining their material desires. Combination and Intercourse with our fellow man brings us to a higher conception of the liberties which we accord our fellow beings. To use a
bourgeois and Indefinite expression,
we become generous. All the actions
of the human animal are determined,
in the final analysis, by material interest alone.
Take, for instance, the example of
an individual finding a dog with a
broken leg. He stops, puts himself to
considerable trouble either to kill the
animal outright or to bind up the leg
ln the best poslble manner at the
time. Now this man was probably
unused to suffering of that kind, and
the actual sight of lt caused him mental agony, and In order to relieve his
own suffering he attended to the animal's wants as best he could.
This man could read or be told of
hundreds of dogs being burnt alive
and not feel tbe slightest mental pain,
yet the very Instant the dog appeared
before his eyes he was immediately
prompted to action. Why do men
have this peculiar indifference on the
one hand and so much "generosity"
on  the  other?
men wlll suffer as much from Indirect
acts of cruelty as they do from the
direct, it is foolish and absurd to call
this act an unselfish one tnd that a
selfish one.
The master class ride In their Juggernaut car called capital, only feeling
an occasional slight jolt when they
pass over an exceptionally big heap of
slaves, but never see, nor do they
wish to see the writhing mass of hu-
Fortune was achieved at one daring
stroke by a Chicago lady typist named
Elizabeth Magie, who four years ago
created astonishing excitement by
imblishing a half-column advertisement, announcing herself "for sale to
ihe highest bidder." The language she
employed indicated that she was a woman of unusual ability, and the result
manlty left upon the trail. Charity in i was that an army of Chicago reporters
the main, however, ls "donated" for|i'>vaded her home,, and she explained
the purpose of keeping the working ithat the brains of an industrial slave
class from revolt. Their position has I 'vere at the disposal of the employer
become so desperate that should this «'ho valued  them the most    highly.
foul thing cease to operate for a short
time, no ruling class could resist the
hungry mob that would arise. The
capitalist class Is wise to this fact
and always keep the coffers of charity
filled just enough to keep the wage-
slaves from starving to death, and for
a horde of parasites who feed and fester upon it.
John D. Rockerfeller has recently
organized charity upon a business
basis, that is he uses his class government flrst to grant It privilege and
then to endow it with authority. Now,
as a business proposition, it must
produce surplus value In some form
or else John D. would have nought to
do with it. With all bourgeois cunning lt must glorify and hold up to the
world's admiration the name of John
D. Rockefeller as the greatest philanthropist this earth has .ever produced.
All philanthropists ln the past have
received this kind of return for the
money for libraries, etc., with which
they have been blinding the wage
slaves to their own material Interests,
but John D. is ultra modern and looks
into the future. This individual has
amassed such an amount of surplus
value (robbed from the wage-warker)
that he ls now forced to turn large
amounts of it back into circulation
again In order to keep the value- of
his holding up to the market price.
We all know that under capitalism,
values are low and business stagnates
when money does not circulate freely
and this is just the point where John
D. comes in; that is, he receives insurance upon his vested interests free
of charge. Andrew Carnegie with his
free libraries is another example bf
the bourgeoisie trying to hand down io
future generations examples ot thdir
"unparalleled generosity," Our frieid
Andrew, however, would be locked ip
in an insane asylum were he to erect
monuments to the hundreds of mfcn
slaughtered at the Homestead riots,
presumably In protection of his property, but in realtly to make them become more docile slaves. '
The soldier's uniform is literally, the
sign of charity. While they may be
used in protection of tbe masters'
property, the capitalist class are more
or less afraid that they might turn
their arms upon themselves, and are
forced to dispense charity in this form
by economic conditions. If the standing armies of Europe were disbanded,
the master class would have one hell
of a time retaining their ill-gotten
gains. The capitalist class are enabled by their possession of the powers of government to rob the workers
of all their product except that which
will keep skin and bone hanging together, and although they waste a
prodigious amount of this product, it is
infinitesimal compared with the
amount that is constantly flowing into
their maw, therefore our Rockefellers
and Carnegles are up against it when
they try to dispose of It.
The working class are getting wiser;
they are joining the Socialist parties
In every country upon the face of the
earth, and when they control the governments, the workers will receive the
full product of their toll. Charity will
then become unnecessary and only
then. In the meantime lt behooves the
members of the Socialist party,to keep
their eyes upon this Rockerfeller
Foundation skin game and try if possible to block any attempt on the part
of this human skeleton to obtain any
more power than he now enjoys.
Within a few days she secured international attention. She was invited to
lecture all over the country. She wrote
a book called "The Slave Triumphant."
She Is now a dramatic reciter ln large
demand. She Invents and patents toys
lor children in her odd moments and
is generally earning a most substantial
income. She ls still unmarried, but
publication of the fact tbat she Is now
living in luxury wlll bring her offers of
marriage from every Joint of the compass. Whether or no this will appeal
to her heart, it will certainly appeal to
her sense of humor.
The advertisement which gave Miss
Magie fame and fortune was published
at tbe time in our columns. It contained the following: "For sale to the
highest bidder, young woman, American, slave, Intelligent, refined, honest,
just, poetical, philosopher, broad-minded and big-souled, and womanly above
all things. Brunette, large grey-green
eyes, full, passionate lips, splendid
teeth; not beautiful, but attractive, and
full of character and strength. Height
5 ft. 3 in., well proportioned, graceful,
supple. Had a 10,000-dollar education,
but can only earn ten dollars a week.
Age—well, she is not very old, but was
not born yesterday. Artistic temperament, warm, generouB-hearted, kind,
gentle, affectionate, bubbling over with
merriment and withal dignified, sedate,
studious, and sometimes bowed down
with grief at the miseries of humanity.
Can appreciate a good story and tell a
better; is not a bit prudish, yet is deeply religious, though not pious; has a
vivid Imagination and unusual psychic
powers. Can not sew a little bit, but
can plan a dashing costume. Cannot
tell plank steak from porterhouse, but
can arrange a swell dinner. Doesn't
go to church, but obeys the laws of
God. Cannot cook, but can create.
Longs for Bilk underwear, but has to
put up with cotton, while shallow-pated
ladles air themselves and their lapdogs
in 5,000-dollar automobiles. She is a
crackerjack typewriter, but typewriting is hell. Has Axmlnster tastes and
rag-carpet opportunities. This young
woman, therefore, in offering herself
for sale, is doing nothing but what hundreds of women are doing every day.
In this case, however, the slave has
given more than ordinary thought and
consideration to her condition and the
cause of it, and instead of offering herself for sale privately, she does so
openly, in the hope of bringing a larger
price than might be obtained at a private sale." Her hope, says the Dally
Telegraph, appears to have been abundantly realized.
(By F. Lawler Wilson)
Page 316.   Published in England, 1909.
"Meanwhile  the  extremists
the Socialists are also prospering. The
S. P. G. 11,. a young organization and
In the one case the ,,„ offBhoot of the S. D. P. is spread-
suffering ls concrete and obtrudes
Itself upon the vision, and in the other
the cries of the animal can not be
heard   and   consequently   Is   abstract.
We   tlnd   occasionally   the   women of
shacks of the working class ami minister to the horrible wrecks of humanity therein, not merely to be In correct
form, such Is usually the case, but lo
relieve that material suffering which
they themselves endure. They, however, are thoroughly cosnizant of the
fact, that, from tbe poverty of the
working class must come the luxury
which they themselves enjoy, but here
again the suffering is abstract, and as
the bourgeoisie see little of the misery
and the degredation of the working
class, It Is absolute folly to appeal to
the better natures which they are supposed  tO pOBSeFS.     I'l.'ll'  ','.'•  "','»  •>'
Ing about London and challenging the
older organization in such districts as
Muttersea and Tottenham.
"The memberB are Marxians and re-
olutlonaries; preaching the class war,
the   bourgeoisie   enter  the   miserable The catechumens of the Party are put
Hi rough a rigid course of training In
the principles of their creed which
they must be prepared to defend at. the
risk of their liberty. What Is most
remarkable and disquieting about this
dangerous organization is the fact that
the members are unquestionably higher grade working men of great Intelligence, respectability and energy. They
are, bb a whole, the best Informed Socialists ln the country, and would make
Incomparable soldiers or desperate
"As revolutionaries they deserve no
mercy; as men they comim.r'1 ■•!>
'tor t. "
Comrade Moore ln last week's Clarion (No. 581) makes the statement that
an upholder of the present capitalist
system is not robbed. I say he is robbed and just as much as a worker who
protests. The gist of Comrade Moore's
argument Is mat if a worker voluntarily and without protesting allows the
capitalist to take from him what he
has produced, he is not robbed. Now
the worker, or the majority of the
workers who uphold the present system and voluntarily allow themselves
to be robbed, do so' through ignorance,
believelng tbey are getting their share
of the products. I say they are robbed, and although they do not protest
against lt, lt ls because they are not
educated to the fact, and are therefore
ignorant. There are thousands who
do not understand that the capitalist
system robs them. They do not understand Socialism and are not Socialists. They are filled with the traditional old-party Ideas which teach
tbem to believe the capitalist class Is
necessary. And furthermore, the
worker has ever been a Blave ln society whether a chattel Blave, a serf
or a wage Blave, consequently the
master class has caused his environment to be such that the slave would
be ignorant of the fact that he was
robbed. When a worker understands
he ls robbed and sees the weapon with
which he can protest, he will do so.
We must rid the slave of his Ignorance
and he will revolt. We know there
are a good many wage plugs who have
a rather hard covering over their grey
mater, but bit them hard.
Kamloops, B. C.
(May, 1910)
Printing $188.00
Mailing        13.60
Boy      20.00
Total    $221.60
Receipts ,
Subs     '.'...'! $133.60
Ads and Carda.................    38.50
lofHt.       49.50
.'.■I-, i    $221.60
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party ot Canada, ln convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist elsss. The capitalist Is therefore master; ths worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession ot the reins of
government all the powers of the State wlll be used to protect and
defend their property  rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system  gives to the  capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between tha capitalist and
the worker ls rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt by
political action.  This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party ot Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property ot the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management ot Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until tbe present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party Ib for it; if lt will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
Books of all Kinds
The Works of Josephus 3.00
Rensberg's Bible ISO
Ingersoll's 44 Lectures 1.50
Darwin's Descent of Man ISO
McCabe's Life of Fcrri 30c
Paine's Age of Reason ISC
Three Weeks, Elinor Glynn... 1.50
Robbery Under Arms,
Boldrewood MS
The People's Book Store
162 Cordova St W.
Attention !
Wanted! All Socialists throughout the Dominion to subscribe for
the International Socialist Review
through the Manitoba Provincial
Executive Com. By so doing you
can kill two birds with one stone;
we will get a commission for organizing pnrposes and you a magazine with the following book
$i 35 gets Review I year and 50c book
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To Canadian Socialists
On account of increased postal
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can, however, make the following
special offers:
For $8.00 ws will mail threa
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For 70 cents we wlll mail tea
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For $3.00 we wlll mall the Review one year and the Chicago
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