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Western Clarion Jun 1, 1912

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WESTERN
OWNEr^AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY Of CANADA
h
<**_
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS OF THE WORKING CLASS ALONE
NUMBER 67
9 53=
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1912
Sub«ripttoii Price m* all
pi'R yuan     •l»VU
AN A iALYSIS OF
i EXCHANGE VALUE
Introductory Talk Given By W. Gribble to Portland
(Oregon) Local Economic Class.
A clear understanding   of value ls
the first essential to the student of
' social economy.
Now, what is value?
Value does not exist, apart from material things, any more than life exists
apart from matter.
Neither Value or Life of them-!
selves can be seen, heard or felt, yet
we know they exist.
Life is that animating principle con
tained in all forms of organic nature;
it is the value of organisms, produced
ln the laboratory of nature.
Value is the principle contained in
otherwise useless and valueless matter; It ls the life of commodities conceived and brought forth by the travail
'of labour.
As all forms of organic nature contain the same kind of life, so all kinds
of commodities contain the same kind
of value.
You must understand that the word
Value, used without qualification, always means Exchange Value, that being the dominant form of Value under
a system in which Values are produced
for exchange.
To give a brief definition: Value ls
a social relationship existing between
commodities.
TO illustrate: I have here a felt hat
and a box of tacks, two articles very
different ln appearance and in uses-
different use values, the use of the
first being ta cover the head, and the
use of the second being, preferably, to
tack Socialist posters to telephone
i poles.
The uses of theBe articles being entirely different, how comes it that they
have a common relationship?
The answer is: They aro both socially produced.
Take the hat, for example; let us
see haw it came to be a hat, how the
material of which it is made was first
started on its way to become a hat,
1 trace the various stageB in production
through which lt passed, accumulating
new value at each stage until completion, then apply what we have learnt
to all other forms of wealth and we
shall have a clear idea of their social
production and consequent social re-
. lationship. ,
Now, here's the hat; can anyone teil
me what it is made of?
Felt, that's right, but what Is felt
made of? You see we want to take
this hat back to the rawest of raw
materials, to the very start of its production, If it were possible to do so tn
a system of social production.
Strange to say, I don't know everything, but I happen to know that felt
is made of rabbit's fur, obtained
chiefly from Australia.
Let us, in fancy, put this hat back
on the rabbits in Australia.
There it is on the rabbits' backs, ot
great use value to the rabbit, but of
no exchange value to man until it is
removed from the rabbit's back.
There is only one way to do this,
just one way. mark you, and that is
by labour. The rabbit is caught or
killed in one way or another and the
fur removed from him.
The fur has, now some value, put
there by labour; It can now be sold—
exchanged for something else.
It Is next conveyed to the coast; lt
will "fetch" more there, it has become
more valuable—more labor has been
incorporated. It is now put on board
a ship to be conveyed to London, England, we will say.
The act of putting it on board adds
a little more value.
The ship starts; the act of casting
off from the wharf or weighing anchor,
gives that fur more value, every act
of duty performed by the captain,
mates and seamen every day gives
more value to that fur. The grimy
stokers, sweating and stewing- down
below, are adding value to that fur
with every stroke of labour they perform.
At. las'; London is, reached and tbe
cargo is 4J*-c»i»rged,'tbft fur included,
3=
(LOCAL VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Ev«iy SanrJay Evening
Empress Theatre
The fur ls more valuable here on
the wharf in London than it waB on
the wharf in Sydney. Why? It is
Bttll fur. It Ib not changed in form.
No, but it has changed in place.
Right here let me point out that the
principle of production is very simple;
it is the act of moving existing matter in an intelligent, purposeful, manner, bo that it becomes useful Instead
of useless, valuable Instead of valueless, i
Furthermore, the principle of production is unchangeable, though the
method ls being constantly developed.
Let us get back to the fur.
We wlll not attempt to follow every
detail in the evolution of this hat
from that fur, that would be impossible in the time at disposal.
The fur we will ""presume is consigned to a firm of hat-makers ln
London, whose draymen convey it
from the wharf to the factory. More
labor—more value. Here it passes
through a number of processes, more
labor being applied and more value
incorporated during each process.
At last the fur has taken form as a
hat. It is now flt to wear. Perhaps
some of you are thinking, "The hat Is
now a finished product." Hold on!
That was in London. But this hat
was sold to the consumer in the United
States. How about tbe labor ot bringing this hat from London to Portland?
Did that labor add no value? Yes, aa
truly as the labor in the factory where
lt took shape as a hat. The labor in
the factory gave it the form in which
it was wanted, and the labor that
conveyed It from London put it in the
place where lt. was wanted, the clerk
who passed it over to our comrade
to whom it now belongs performing
the final act in its production, adding
the last little bit of value to the hat
at the moment it passed from his
hands into the hands of the consumer.
Labor, nothing but labor, has produced all the value contained in this
hat.
Apply this to the box ot tacks,
starting at the iron mine instead of
the Australian plains, apply the same
lino of demonstration to all commodities and you will see that the value
of all of them is socially produced and
that fact gives them a common social
relationship. Take note of these definitions:
(1) Value is a social relationship
existing between commodities.
(Do not forget that the word
"Value" when used alone, always
means exchange value.)
(2) Exchange value is quantitative
—to do with quantities.
(3) Use value ls qualitative—to do
with qualities—uses.
(4) Production is the acts of moving existing matter ln an intelligent
way till it takes a useful form.
(5) Capital is not a thing but a
condition of ownership of the means
of production—that condition of ownership prevailing at present.
With this introduction we will consider the matter further by taking up
the study of "Value Price and Profit,"
by Karl Marx.
REVOLUTION AGAIN BREWING IN
RU8SIA.
BERLIN, May 4.—Strange and significant news comes from Russia. In
the land of unrestrained police brutality, the rulers of which are never
through with their oppression and persecution of the working people, the
wheels of Industry have suddenly stood
still, and the working class is making
an energetic demonstration against
the yoke of the counter revolutionary
regime.
In St. Petersburg alone over 100,-
000 workers are on strike;' improvised
meetings of tho workers are taking
place In and around the factories.
The mighty manifestation which took
place last Sunday on the Nevsky Prospect has been followed almost daily by
new and Immense demonstrations of
workers and students. The movement ls spreading from the capital
in all directions. In all the manufacturing centers of the empire the working class has refused to work for the
space of one day or more. The movement even extends to the smaller cities' and public manifestations have
been held in the provinces. The police are mobilizing all their forces and
where the slightest possible opportunity offers they attack the peaceful
demonstrating crowds.
The government is doing its best to
Increase the extent and depth ot this
movement. The words of the Minister Makarow: "It always was so.lt
will always be so!" had an effect upon
the masses like a blow in the face.
Our Comrade Kusnetzow justly replied to the Minister that his remarks
only needed amplification ln order to
make them effective on a propaganda
leaflet. The movement of protest in
St Petersburg was not started until
just after this provocative speech. The
measures which the government ls
taking are also Increasing the gravity
of the situation. The holding of a
requiem mass for the murdered workers of the Lena gold fields was forbidden, although in the presence of
many dignitaries a memorial service
was celebrated for the victims of the
Titanic disaster. The procession of
students and. workers, who walked
singing and bareheaded through the
Nevski Prospect was scattered and
repulsed by the attacking Cossacks.
These brutalities, but in more violent form, were repeated during the
successful days when thousands of
workera passed down the Nevski Prospect to the Nlkaolai railroad station.
The Cossacks and the police drew their
swords and hewed away at the weaponless crowd. Not satisfied with that
the police began a campaign against
all political "suspects" and "disloyal"
persons, who were thrown into prison
by the hundreds. Due directly to these
measures the number on strike ln St.
Petersburg increased from 15,000 on
April 29 to 50,000, and later to 100,000.
The workers declared that they would
not resume work until their imprisoned comrades were released and the
unlawful and arbitrary acts of the government ceased. It is to be feared that
the government will try to provoke a
clash in order that the bloody massacre of the Lena may ber repeated on a
yet larger scale on the Neva. It depends upon the prudence and discipline of the working class of St. Petersburg whether or not this dastardly
plan of the reactionary government is
to succeed.^-New York Call.
By Eugene V. Debs.
THE TRAFFIC  IN   WOMEN'S
VIRTUE.
It has remained for modern capitalism to assemble women into large
herds where they may be exploited ln
the mass and a profit skimmed off
their combined labor and shame. Our
modern capitalists have made a commodity out of a woman's virtue just as
they have made a commodity out ot a
man's talent, his power to labor, and
everything else that can possibly be
bought and sold. The capitalist of the
bawdy house is no more vicious or
hateful than the capitalist ot the glue
factory, of the flour mill, or the machine shop; Both belong to the same
class.—May International Socialist Review.
■ Poverty is tQ be banished from Alberta by a "back to the land" scheme
to be inaugurated by a bunch of business men of Calgary. They are going
to remove (?) the cause of poverty,
but apparently they have not hit on
the right one. It looks like a scheme
to offset the propaganda work being
done by Calgary Local.
The London police picked up nearly
2,000 homeless people in one night. Socialism must have destroyed their
homes.
Nearly all the crimes that are committed result directly or indirectly
from claBs rule—from one class keeping another in subjection. A great
majority of the Inmates of our prisons
owe their conviction to offenses
against property.
The ruling class is the State and
the State legalizes the institution of
private property, without which class
rule could not evist.
Under the capitalist system the
means of lite,' essential to all, are the
private property of the capitalist class.
The working class Is a dependent class,
a subject class. It is compelled to submit to exploitation and degredation.
The class that owns the property
is the class that rules society—the
class that writes, enaots, interprets and
enforces the law—in its own Interests.
The institution of private property,
"vested rights," Is sacred to this class
and to transgress Its property laws is
an offense against the State which
cannot be too promptly or too severely punished.
Among the essential institutions of
class rule Ib the Jail, the prison.
The capitalist system could far better spare Its national congress and its
state legislaturees than its county jails
and its states prisons.
Congress and the legislatures consist mainly of and are controlled
wholly by representatives of the capitalist class; the Jails and prisons are
filled by representatives of the working class.
Private property in the means of life
enforces exploitation, idleness, poverty, theft and murder.
Under class rule and private property crime graduates steadily from petty larceny to homicide.
The development of private property
is followed by a corresponding increase ln crime.
Hard times multiply crimes I
When men, eager to. work, are literally driven <to beg, steal or starve, they
are cravens to beg. and tools to starve.
The man who ls denied work and
would not steal to: keep starvation
from his child is unfit to have a child.
Such a man has a right to. help himself in any way he can after society
haSiShut him Ottt of the rig)*-t to get
an honest living.
1   Private property builds, the, public
prison—and.peopleB it.
, Capitalism and crime go hand   in
hand.
Capitalists are beginning to ask,
"What shall we do to be saved?" The
criminals capitalism has created are
beginning to threaten its life. The
largest penitentiaries are still Inadequate. Taxes are increasing appallingly. Every city is infested with pickpockets, thieves, burglars, confidence
men—all preying on society. They aim
to steal, they are prepared to kill.
They have nothing to lose and a job to
gain.
The capitalist state refuses them
honest employment, but guarantees
them a steady job if they will steal or
murder.
Most of the efforts to reform criminals and put and end to crime are
wasted. Society as now organized ls
an effectual bar against both.
There is but one way to end crime
and that is to abolish class rule and
give all men an equal chance to make
an honest living. Modern machinery
has made this an easy matter. No
man need to work more than is good
for him—and no normal man will
willingly work less.
My heart is with the criminals—all
of them. It matters not what they
are charged with, they are at least human and no man is more. In a great
majority ot cases they are the poor,
the friendless and the homeless, the
victims of circumstances they did not
create and could npt control. I have
been close to them and I know them,
and I can vouch that if they lived under an honest system and ln a decent
society they would be honest and decent men. and women instead of pariahs and criminals.
These unfortunate victims of class
rule become morally diseased. Their
moral preceptions are dulled If not
destroyed, Tbey deserve a thousand
pities. Society should do most for
them because lt has done most against
them and they have suffered most.
Above all, these unfortunate brothers, and sisters of ours—mostly of our
own despised lower class—ought to
be treated with patience and kindness.
That is the very least consideration
the society that ls responsible for them
to shop its hapless derelicts, and if
this be denied them then indeed must
the ruling class atone for their downfall with its own callous degeneracy.
Until Bociety is prepared to open its
doors to these despised outcasts and
give them a chance to live it is wasting its time trying to reform them.
If I could have my way I am sure
that most of them would be reclaimed.
AU they require ls humane'treatment.
The crimes they committed against society are infinitesimal ln comparison
with the crimes society has committed
against them, and the society of the
future—when human beings are civilized—will atone in every way tn Its power for heartlessly inflicting upon so-
called criminals the penalties of Its
own monstrous crimes.
Three bank clerks and a post offlce
clerk have been caught taking Bome
of Vancouver's prosperity away from
the prosperous and sent to Jail. They
can now meditate over the sin of
covetouBnesB.
WAGE-SLAVERY NO
LONGER NECESSARY
Capitalism Has Fulfilled Its Mission, So Its Up to the
Workers to Relegate It to Oblivion.
If every tool, when summoned, or
even of its own accord, could do the
work that befits it, just as the creations of Daedolus moved of themselves,
of the tripods of Hephaestos went ot
their own accord; if the weaver's shuttles were to weave of themselves,
then there would be no need of apprentices for the master workers or slaves
for the lords."
These are the words of Aristotle. He
anticipated that if the problem'of production was solved by a sufficient harnessing of the forces of Nature, that
there would be no need for slavery.
This is quite a gem of thought No one
who understands the development of
society from its basic beginning will
deny it.
He really says that slavery was necessary for human progress at one
stage of development and no intelligent person will gainsay him. All
slavery up to the present has been
necessary for economic development
and bcause economic development has
reached such a pitch in the hands of a
sect or class that ls parasitic and useless, we the wageworlters who are under the heel of this class must abolish
slavery In all Its forms and essence.
All classes in the past have to a
greater or lesser degree been necessary. The capitalists themslves have
been necessary, hut they are not necessary, now. Therefore their rule ls
nearly at an end.
How. did this come about and why
are the capitalists unnecessary at the
present time If they were useful members ot society at one time? Let us
try and find out.
Under handicraft production labor
was embodied ln commodities that
would be considered useless labor at
the present time. Even the inception
of the system known as the "Division
of Labor" much unnecessary energy
was expended compared with modern
methods ot wealth production.
Mind you, I don't say that it was unnecessary at certain, stages of economic
development.. In fact, it was necessary
and it would enter into the cost of production of commodities and consequently into their values. We must
remember that political economy is a
historical science and not fixed. It
deals with things in given stages of
economic development.
Now, at the stage when we had the
system "division of labor," production
was carried out "socially," although the
machine has carried1 the Bystem out to
its logical end. Small factories were
builded and water power or wind power and also hand power was used in
producing wealth. Factories were situated very often near running streams,
and very often not in a good situation
for distributive purposes. There was
an urgent need for better transportation facilities or for some other method
that would fulfill the same function
that these streams of water were doing.
Necessity was the mother of invention and capitalists took advantage of
the discovery of steam aa a driving
force. They applied their capital in
new avenues, such as financing workshops driven by steam power, building
railways,—after the Invention of the
locomotive,—and brought industry to
the almost perfect organization that
we have today. They took their part
In economic development and they
helped it along considerably. They have
done their part in harnessing nature.
How much one can easily see by means
of a few figures. They toll iu a few
glaring truths. Whilst production has
cheapened considerably, the capitalists
themselves have taken less part in
wealth production whilst the lot of the
wage slaves is no better with all his
increased intelligent productivity.
Just to show how machinery and organization have lessened the cost of
production, I will herewith quote a few
■figures from Ellison's "History of the
Cotton Trade."
In 1779 the cost of producing yarn (40
hanks to the lb.) was 16 shillings. In
1882 10%d, or in other words (if we
take for simplicity's sake that gold ts
as valuable now as It was in 1779) 1-19
the amount of labor is needed at the
present time of the amount needed in
1779.
In agriculture we wlll take a, table
from some figures, "The Solution of
Modern Capitalism," by J. I. Hobson.
In 1829-30 under hand production, 63
hours and 35 minutes labor time was
required to produce 1 acre—30 bushels
—ot barley. In 1896-6 under machine
production but 2 hours and 42 minutes
was required. In 1853,' 38 hours and 45
minutes was required to produce 1 acre
ot corn—40 bushels. In 1894 15 hours
and 7 or 8 minutes. In 1829-30, 61
hours and 5, minutes to produce an
acre of wheat—20 bushels. In 1895-6,3
hours and 19 minutes. In 1847-48, 62
hours and 58 minutes to produce an
acre of rye—25 bushels. In 1894-5 ( 25
hours and 10 minutes. In 1830, 66 hours
and 15 minutes to produce an acre of
Oats—40 bushels. In 1893, 7 hours and
6 minutes.
Today the slaves still go hungry. Un-
dercomfort because ot over-production
Is no Idle statement, but a stern, solid
tact and a very bitter one at that And
things will grow worse, as you will
see by the tendency as stated in the
12th census ot the United States relating to manufactures. This is also
mentioned by Hobson. It states that
in the year 1880 there were 253,852
establishments as against 512,191 In
1900. The outlay of capital was $20,-
790,272,606 as against 89,813,834,310,
whilst the number ot slaves employed
was 2,732,595 against 5,306,143. The
values produced ln 1880 was $6,369,-
579,191 as against $13,000,149,159 In
1900. Roughly speaking; one slave In
1880 was employed for every 11,000
capital laid out and be produced
$2,000 In values annually. In 1900 one
slave was employed for $1,900 capital and he produced on the average
$2,800 in values. Probably a greater
change has taken place during the
past few years, which will account
for the great numbers ot unemployed.
The organization of industry Is
growing apace, and whether we like
it or not, the trust has come to stay.
Efficiency and adaptation are the pass,
words for existence. The trusts are
efficient and have adapted themselves
to economic development. Ownership
of theBe trusts by a few is what we
want to change, and not waste our
time trying to smash them up. I could
try to send a hole through a brick wall
by running with my head against It,
but I am afraid that my head would
smash flrst. The trust is like the
giant at the top of the beanstalk. He
will crush all who try to come at close
quarters with him. He is strong and
we are weak, Bimply because we don't
apply the correct remedy. Jack, who
killed the giant, applied an axe to the
beanstalk and the giant came tottering to the earth. He was successful
because he used his brains and also
the axe which he owned. On the
other hand we are failures because
we have not used our brains sufficiently yet to enable us to see why
we are enslaved. Another reason Is
because some of us prefer to run
against the brick wall, or we try to
climb the beanstalk. When we recognize that we have an axe ln the vote,
then we will bring the giants from
their exalted placeB. We wlll cut
down the beanstalk, which is capitalism, and new foliage will grow In
Its place, which wlll give us enough
and to spare without exploitation and
capitalist tyranny.
Slaves, yet busy. Do something for
yourselves, and bound the exploiters
out of power.
T. M.
A Denver Judge sentenced a man to
Ave years In prison ror stealing 20
cents from a telephone box. At Superior, Wis., a man long out of work,
but who had a Job arranged to begin
two days later, picked up some coal
from the railway tracks to enable him
to take the chill off his hovel for the
sake of a sick wife and new baby, and
was arrested by railway detectives.
He was given a fine of $10, which he
could not pay, or 15 days In the workhouse. He had to go to the workhouse and some one else got the lob
he had been promised. The things
that "Justice" does to the working
class in this land of honey ought to
fill the working class with an excess
of flag patriotism. It ought to bring
great prosperity to the concerns that
turn out the starred and striped bunting in mills that employ women and
girls at starvation wages!
Well, the convention of the American Socialists is over. We haven't
finished reading their platform yet.
Poverty is rampant ln Canada and
still the capitalist press is yelling for
Immigrants. PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
8ATURDAY, JUNE 1ST, 1912.
II WESTERN CLARION
Published every Saturday by the Soelaliat Party of Canada at the office of
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SATURDAY, JUNE 1ST, 1912.
THE OUTLOOK.
This is presidential year in the
United States. As usual, the political
pot will boil furiously until the people
close on November 5th. After that it
will quiet down to the Bame old stew
that always obtains, as far as old party politics are concerned, between
campaign times.
Just now the amusement-loving public is being well entertained by the
stage cavortings of the fat and mediocre heavy villain, Taft, ably assisted
by that eminent low comedian and
swashbuckler, "Teddy," the garrulous.
Though they are bawling each other
out most lustily, the unbiased observer will find some difficulty in determining which is the villain and which
the comedian. Neither have anything
to offer that rises above the dull and
sordid intellectual level of a senile
and decadent ruling class.
True it is that the garrulous one
Indulges in radical phrasemongering
that might lead the unthinking to fancy him bent upon serious stunts along
the rosy pathway of reform. His
ridiculous mouthlngs will, however,
have no effect upon those who are possessed of reasoning faculties. To such
lt will be clear that no political mountebank, however noisy and spectacular, can force to a successful issue
any reform or patchwork scheme that
might prove injurious to the interests
that are responsible for his political
activity.
Whether the Republican candidate
be Taft or Roosevelt, makes no difference to the workingman. In' the
event of the election of either the
same old conditions will obtain, the
slave will still have to sweat and suffer for the glory and aggrandizement
of a conscienceless and unscrupulous
master class. The same thing will
hold true in every respect in case
of the election of a Democrat.
The Socialist convention at Indianapolis placed in nomination E. V. Debs
for President, and Emil Seidel for
Vice-President. Probably no Comrades in the American movement are
more widely and favorably known than
Debs and Seidel. They have both
proven themselves courageous and capable soldiers in the army of the militant proletariat in its battle against
capitalist rule and robbery. There
seems to be an ever-increasing activity and vigor to the movement throughout the States. If signs do not fail,
there will be a pronounced Increase
of Socialist strength registered at the
polls in November next. Let us hope
that it will be so pronounced as to
strike terror to the hearts of the cowardly rulers of that country, who are
responsible for the crimes and bru-
leSBly perpetrated upon the workers
talkies that have been of late so ruth-
who have dared to stand for decent
living conditions and the right of free
speech and press.
There is much In the American
movement that is not above criticism
from a revolutionary standpoint. The
platform adopted at Indianapolis Is a
weird document tbat ls almost uncanny ln its economic pronouncements
and Its declarations of faith. Presumably the pathway to freedom has
been purposely laid by the Creator
through the swamps and quicksands
of reform, patchwork, palliatives and
reaction. Doubtless this iB an instance of the mysterious way that
wonders are performed ln the great
creative process. Be that as it may,
however, the wanderers in the wilderness may eventually emerge from Its
miasmatic swamps and treacherous
quicksands the better for the experience and more capable of enjoying the
blessings of freedom than would have
been the case had it been attained by
an easier route.
The general outlook for healthy progress along the line of working-class
redemption from capitalist bondage is
excellent. The outlook in Canada
alone is not so encouraging. There
is a pronounced apathy in evidence
that is anything but comforting to the
more active spirits in the movement.
We may as well be honest with ourselves and admit it. The sooner we
shake it off and again become active
and vigorous as of yore, the better.
There is no legitimate reason why we
on this side of tho line should lag behind in the international Btruggle of
the workers for freedom.
The times demands men of action
—strong men—not laggards and weaklings.
The Platform of the Socialist Party
of the United States says: "The farmers in every State are plundered by
the increasing prices exacted for tools
and machinery, and by extortionate
rents, freight rates and storage
charges." Without desire to be captious, we rise to remark that however
satisfying this explanation may be to
the farmer who ls thus plundered, it
does not quite make it clear just how
the farmers wage-slave Ib skinned. But
come to think of it, he may not be
plundered at all. His wages are doubtless so small that he ls beneath the
notice of those who so ruthlessly dis-
poil the poor farmer by high prices.
After the farmer gets through with
him he is immune to further skinning.
PIRATES   AND   SLAVE   DEALER8.
How Maritime Heroes, Trade Promoters and Rulers Laid' Secure the
Foundations of Modern Capitalism
In the Days of Its Youth.
Elizabeth ("Good Queen Bess") reformed the currency—which had been
debased by her father, Henry VIII., in
time to save English credit; but by
the laws for the regulation of labour
and the relief of distress, which are
the economic landmarks of her reign,
the revolution (industrial) was deepened and fixed. The justices assessed
wages at so low a level that employers voluntarily raised the rate. Starvation pay, supplemented from the
poor rate, became the rule. Combinations of labourers were effectually
broken up. Runaway journeymen and
recalcitrant apprentices were imprisoned. Servants could not quit town
or parish without license; masters
taking servants without testimonials
were fined; a servant who forged a
testimonial was flogged; one who assaulted his master was Imprisoned for
a year or more.
It is not difficult to connect this regime of oppression and robbery with
an outburst of adventure which reproduced the chief features of outlawry in
earlier feudal times. Steady, settled
country life was becoming impossible
at the very moment when fables of
the golden east and true tales of looting the Spanish Main began to echo
through the land.
This demoralization sliows itself, as
might be expected, in the character
of the Elizabethan maritime adventurers. The first expansionists began with
buccaneering, at the outset, in the
English channel. "Hugenots from the
French shores joined forces with Devonshire sea-dogs from Dartmouth or
Bideford, and plundered impartially all
shipping that passed into what were
called the Narrow Seas. . . .It was
a fierce life, a Btate of war without
its rights for the victims or its dirties
for the conquerors. We cannot doubt
that bitter passions, religious hate,
greed, sheer love of violence and
bloodshed, were only too easily led in
these  buccanering  exploits	
English and Hugenot corsairs swept
the channel and the Bay of Biscay.
Tremaynes, Stukeleys and Cobhams,
scions of famous West-county houses,
continued to spend their money in fitting out craft of twenty or fifty tons
with cutlasses and guns and reckless
men only too glad to learn the art
of using them. Fishermen abandoned
their favorite grounds off Klnsale or
in the Iceland seas, and took to the
more profitable trade of piracy; and
throughout the West, from Bideford
round to Exmouth, the sea-dog's life
was the envy of every young fellow
of spirit." (Woodward; Expansion of
the British Empire.) At the same
time, Borne more daring fellows were
doing tor the more distant lands what
the Northmen did for the England of
Alfred. Drake, twenty years before
had set the example by plundering the
coast towns of Spanish South America,
and, having received the secret support of Queen Elizabeth, had been
knighted for his pains.
Hispanlola and the Spanish Main offered a happy hunting-ground to British hooligans. To England, the war
(with Spain) is throughout an Indus
try. . . . As we now put our money
into railways or what not, so then
the keen men of business took shares
in the new ship which John Oxenham
or Francis Drake was fitting out at
Plymouth, and which was Intended to
lie in wait for the treasure galleons or
make raid upon the Spanish towns in
the Gulf of Mexico. The two countries
were friendly, not even at war with
each other." (Seeley: The Expansion
of England.) For forty or fifty years
after their flrst settlement, the Bahamas were a hotbed of wreckers and
pirates. Captain Morgan had his headquarters in the British colony of Jamaica; Charles II. pocketed the royal
share of the loot and knighted the master of the black flag." Our early maritime heroes were all pirates; and
even after the government determined
on putting down the practice, and actually banged a number of adventurers
who became a scandal to it, mainly because they had originally been sent out
by the government, and had been old-
fashioned enough to Btrain their commission—even after this, a preliminary
apprenticeship ln the lucrative and in
vigorating business was no bar to tbe
subsequent employment of a buccaneer
who had abandoned their special calling, in Church and State. The flrst
chairman of the East India Co., Clifford, Earl of Cumberland', was an ancient buccaneer. Paterson, the reputed founder of the Bank of England, ls
some tlmeB said to have been a missionary to the Antilles, sometimes described as a pirate, and it has been
suggested that he was probably both
by turns." (Thorold Rogers: Economic Interpretation of History.) Buccaneering soon lost even the semblance
of politcal excuse; and for a century
or more England had good reason to
repent (though Spain, amid the ruins
of her attempt to corner the silver
supply, had better) the royal policy
which was long represented as a flt
way of vindicating British Independence and Christianity pure and unde-
flled—a policy to which we now trace
back to the careers of Morgan and
Kidd.
In a less martial and more strictly
commercial type, the Elizabethan spirit embodied itself in the trade in negro slaves, Initiated by John Hawkins
(another of the good Queen's knights)
in 1562. Hawkins, who may be called
the father of our transatlantic trade,
was, indeed, in high favour with the
government, and was accounted a
highly estimable fellow. His first expedition consisted of three small ships,
carrying only a hundred men, with
whom he bought or caught three hundred negroes, and sold them to the
hated Spaniard in San Domingo. His
second venture, in 15G4, (the year of
Shakespeare's birth), consisted of four
ships and one hundred and seventy
men, and was attended, as he proudly
said "with great profit to the venturers, as also to the whole realm, in
bringing home both gold, silver, pearls
and other jewels great store." The
third voyage, in 1567, took five ships—
one commanded by Francis Drake, and
two lent from the Royal Navy. So the
increase went on. We need not attempt
here to describe the horrors of slave-
hunting and the "middle passage"
across the Atlantic. There can be little
doubt that the evil of slave labour,
which had already existed in the Spanish colonial system for half a century,
and with which the Spanish government endeavored to cope by regulative
injunctions, waB immensely aggravated
by the applications to it of British
trading methods, otherwise applied
only to dead commodities. For two
centuries of imperial development
there was no sign of compunction in
regard to this immense Iniquity—that
was to be a product of the brief cosmopolitan period ln the history of English political thought In 1662 the
African Company was formed in London, and occupied the mouth of the
Gambia. This direct attack on the
Dutch traffic in slaves for the British
American plantations led to the Anglo-
Dutch war of the following four years
(1663-67) in the course of which the
American coast from Novo Scotia
to Florida fell to England. In
1689 the company's ■ monopoly was
removed, and every Englishman
was free to become a slave
trader. In twenty years the sale of negroes had reached 25,000 annually; a
century later this number had been
quadrupled. Probably not less than a
million slaves were imported into the
colonies in the course of a century.
By the treaties of 1713, which marked
the achievement by Britain of primacy
among the Western Powers, she obtained the formal assent of Spain to
the slave trade with Spanish America
and it became "a central point ln English policy." (Lecky: History of England in the Eighteenth Century).
"From this date," says Seeley, "we
took the leading share and stained
ourselves beyond other nations ln the
monstrous and enormous atrocities"
of this traffic:. The direct atrocities of
the negro slave trade are, however,
but a part of the cost of a system by
which the natural evolution of large
tracts of sub-tropical countries, both
in Africa and America, has been injured and a series of mischiefs produced the gravest that are recorded ln
human history.—From "The History of
War and Peace," by G. H. Perils. Wm.
Briggs, Toronto, publisher.
workmen—mostly foreigners — being
killed each year in the steel mills
and ccal mines."
The steel trust's wage slaves also
have a reckless habit of "disappearing." But they never run away, like
the black cat we read about in "Uncle
Tom's Cabin."
A worker explained their mysterious disappearance as follows: "The
men are stationed at the top of blast
furnaces, owned by the United States
Steel corporation, to receive the cars
of ore that come up and dump them.
There Is only a small bridge for them
to stand on. One misstep or awkward
movement and the men will follow the
ore into the furnace. These men are
not missed until lt Is noticed that tne
cars are not being aumped. No one
knows what becomes of them. Their
coats and dinner palls await them at
the bottom of the elevator, but the
men never come to claim them. They
are reported 'disappeared.' It is not
known positively that they have fallen into the furnace, but there can be
no other conclusion."
It is hard for a man to read such
a story and remain calm. The officers
of the steel trust are guilty of murdering these men, Just as guilty as if they
had pushed them li*-.o those glowing
hell-holes with their own hands. Tbe
steel trust is in business for profits
and operates its industry as cheaply as
possible. For that reason it refuses to
provide the necessary safeguards,
therefore the officers of the trust are
guilty of criminal negligence and
should be convicted for the reckless
butchering of their employees.
The truth of the matter is that the
steel trust has absolutely no regard
for eiher men or machinery. Some
time ago C. H. Harrah, president of
the Midvale Steel company, was called
before the house committee on labor
and questioned as to his experience
with the eight-hour workday, and he
replied:
"We were experimenting then and
we had our inspectors watching the
men very close, so as to see there was
absolutely no time lOBt. We had men
with stop watches over the workmen
working on an axle lathe, or whatever
else it might be, and every time a man
looked up they took his time; every
time they stopped to breathe they took
his time, and ln that way they got absolutely the time employed in doing a
certain amount of work."
The chairman of the committee asked Mr. Harrah Is he could not use his
machines so as to get out more work
in eight hours than was being turned
out in nine hours. Mr. Harrah replied: "No; the machines are worked
to their fullest capacity now." The
chairman suggested that the Midvale
Steel company might get some kind
of improved machinery, and Mr. Harrah said: "We have the most improved kind of machinery now; but we
make it a rule to run a machine to
break. For instance, the life of a hammer bar may be two years. If that
hammer bar does not break in two
years I go to the forgemaster, because
I know he is not getting the work he
ought to out of the forge. It Ib the
same way in the machine shop. If a
lathe, the natural life of which ought
to be two years, doeB not break down
before that, I would go to the engineer in charge."     ,
The chairman of the committee
asked: "Everything is run to its full
capacity now?" And Mr. Harrah answered: "Absolutely, yes, sir. We have
absolutely no regard for machinery or
men."
No need to comment on such methods, and we pass on to the mining industry.
In the last few years there have
been so many mine horrors that to recount them would fill this page: "Divine Right, George Baer, J. P. Morgan,
Gasaway Davis and their gang of buccaneers are receiving millions a year
by way of profits from the mineB. They
didn't deposit the coal in the ground.
It was not they who planted those
great black rocks In the earth, yet
they, by "divine right," claim ownership and demand profits from those
who risk their lives to dig the coal
from those who must consume the
coal.
CRIME3 OF CAPITALISM.
By Gordon Nye
Let us briefly review some of the
damnable features of the system. Let
us face the facts. Let us grapple with
actual capitalism guilty of dally
crimes a thousand times worse than
the alleged crimes they are now trying
to saddle on the workers.
Let us go to Pittsburgh. If the angels of heaven never weep over the
homes ot the withering toilers, who
are doomed to live and die in that hellhole of capitalism, they never weep at
all. Nowhere on the planet is mortality so great, so appalling. Tens ot
thousands are crucified on the cross
of Christian commercialism ln and
around Pittsburgh and the capitalist
class never sheds a tear.
The Pittsburgh coroner, in addressing a jury in the case of a man killed
at th? plant of the American Steel com-
pand, said: "This Ib only a case of another Hungarian, killed in the mill on
account of Insufficient laws regulating
the matter, and the utter disregard of
even   these   results   in   hundreds   of
Quit kidding yourself tbat you are
helping the socialist movement by
showing up the graft of some individuals.
•   •   •
The average worker knows things
are not as they could be, but he don't
know how to change them or what to
change to make things right if he is
shown the graft of money men or officials, he naturally wants to remove
the officials, which ls putting the cart
before the horse.
a ..a ...a
Show the workers that tbey are robbed where they work, and that the
only remedy ls to own that which they
must have access to in order to live,
and they will do the rest.
PRICE  LI8T OF SUPPLIES.
Due Stamps, each 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 25c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 60c
Due Cards, per 100 11.00
Constitutions, each 6c
Receipt Books, each 10c
Warrant Books, each 25c
Buttons, each  <0c
Socialist   Party   Directory
DOMINION  BXECUTITE   COMMITTEE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second and fourth Monday. Secretary,
13. T. Klngsley, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir St.,  Vancouver, B.  C.
BRITISH     COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays In month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St. te. T. Klngsley, Secre-
tary.	
ALSEITA PROVINCIAL BXECUTITE
Socialist Party ot Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary, Box 647, Calgary
BABWAttawMW/Am PBOVINCIAL EX-
ECUTITE, 8. P. of C, Invites all comrades residing in Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw.
Sask.
MANITOBA PBOT-tXCXAL BSBOTTTITB
Committee: Notice—This card ls ln-
oV}?,i. f?r. tlle Purpose of gettfng
"YOU" Interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St..  Winnipeg.
MARITIME PBOVINCIAL BXECUTITE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada
meets every second and fourth Sundays ln the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace nay,
«-S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Rnx
491, Glace Bay, N. s.
LOOAL TANCOUTEB, NO. 69, B. T. ot O*.
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every Friday in the month at 8 pm
Heading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.	
LOCAL OBBBVWOOD, B. C, NO. S,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood,
visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Primerlle. Secretary
LOCAL    FERNIE,   B.   T.   ot   0.,    HOLD
holds educational meetings In the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting first Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Warner, secretary, Box 380.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 85, S. P. of C,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 12B.
Finnish  branch    meets In   Finlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A.  Sebble,
Secretary, Box 54, Hossland, B.C,
LOCAL   MICHEL,  B.   C,  NO.   16,   8.   P,
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs,'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:36 a.m. In the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
Secretary.
LOCAL  NELSON,   8.   P.  of  0.,  MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p,m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
LOOAL TEBNON, NO. 38, 8. P. OP 0	
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m., in
L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St. W. H. Glt-
mour, Secretary.
LOCAL   BETELBTOXE,  B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secre-
tary
LOOAL SANDON, B. C, NO. 36, 8. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
in the Sandon Miners' TJnlor Hall
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon, B. C.
LOOAL VICTORIA NO. 3, S. P. of C	
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, over Collls
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
Theatre.
LOCAL SOUTH PORT OEOROB, B.C.,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
I p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Organizer.
LOCAL   CUMBERLAND NO. 70 8. P. of C.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for ofternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
TANCOUTER LETTISH LOCAL Wo. 58.
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
first Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Free word for every body, at 612 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
Ad Kreekis.
">JtAI.   VANOOUTBR,   B." C,    NOl    «,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 2217
Main Street.    Secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
LOCAL TANCOUTER No 1, S. P. Of O	
Business meeting every Tuesday evening nt Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary. 1724
Alberni St. '■'
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     ».
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the first
nnd third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at t.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alts.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box It,
Coleman, Alta, Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
LOOAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.. NO.  1,  8.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. share.
Our reading room ls open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, A. Farmilo, 622 First St.;
Organizer, W.  Stephenson.
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA.,  NO. 4,  8. P.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.   429  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between  Third and  Fourth streets.
A. S. Julian, Secretary
LOOAL REGilNA NO. 6, BABjt., MBBTS
every 8unday, Trades Hall, t p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, S
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1041.
LOCAL BRANDON, MAN., NO. 7, 8. P.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, I*ossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at S
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalieu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
LOOAL LETHBRTDOB, ALTA., NO.  IS.
S. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays ln the month, at 4 p.m., Ib
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1983.
LOCAL MOOSEJAW, BASK., Ne. 1, 8. P.
OP C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m.. ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, t p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. o., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organiser,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
LOCAL NO. 1, WINNIPEG}, MANITOBA,
S. P. OP C—Headquarters 128% Main
Street, Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic cits*
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evenlns;
in Draamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion Invited.
LOCAL  OTTAWA.  NO  8,  8.  P.  OP   O.
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeau Street. Business meetings,
first Sunday in month ln the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p m.
Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwith, IS
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
LOOAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters ln Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary,
Box 168; Harold G. Ross, organizer.
Box 606.
LOCAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344. 	
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST
TION of the S. P. of C, ls organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrainean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
wceklv organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstino Ave., Edmonton. Alta. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write to J. Sonuk, Fin. Secretary.
PLATFO RM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of tha
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery snd
degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class st the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates tha transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, ths worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under tha banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc) into the collective property of the working elass.
2. The democratic organisation and management sf industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance ths interests
of the working class and aid ths workers in their elsss struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies -  -   4.00 8ATURDAY, JUNE 18T, 1912.
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
PAdE THREE
ALBERTA    PROVINCIAL    EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Calgary, Alta., May 22, 1912.
Meeting of the Executive held May
21st, 1912. Comrades Danby, Burge,
Head, Smart and the Secretary. Correspondence read and dealt with from
Dominion Extcutlve Committee, (3)
Wm. Watts, (2) Thos. Hooker, (2) and
Locals Medicine Hat, Red Raven and
Linda. The matter of Provincial organizer was discussed and the Secretary was instructed to correspond with
Alberta Locals with regard to getting
more funds to continue work of Com
Budden ln Organizing Alberta.
BURT E. ANDERSON,
Secretary.
HOW THEY COME
"THE G008E  HANGS  HIGH."
Portland, Oregon.
Comrade Editor.
Permit me to make a few remarks
about my recent experiences.
After the election, the boys at Cumberland requested me to Btay there,
but they gave me such an easy time,
nothing to do, practically, but run an
economic class, that I grew so restless I simply had to move. At the invitation of Portland Local I decided to
move there. The Cumberland comrades treated me with exceptional
generosity, sending me away with a
good wad (one does feel so comfort-
ablo with a good wad in his pocket),
and I wish to acknowledge that fact
and to assure them their generous and
cordial treatment will not be forgotten by the writer.
I am not going to take up your
space by telling you much about Portland, but just to tell you I am glad I
came. Fine crowd of comrades here,
big in numbers, big in enthusiasm,
revolutionary, and great workers. The
average of economic knowledge is not
as high as among the Vancouver
crowd, but in every other respect they
are ahead of Vancouver (on the average).
They are eager to learn, not for
learning's sake, but in order to DO. I
am not being overworked, but kept
just busy enough to be happy. As far
as Gribble is concerned, "everything in
the garden is lovely, and the goose
hangs high."
W. GRIBBLE.
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
All linotype operators are thorough
Egyptologists and, therefore, highly proficient in the art of deciphering
hieroglyphics. Place before one of
them a clay or stone tablet no matter
how ancient, and he will speedily
translate the characters upon lt into
an up-to-date soap advertisement or
the announcement of a "great sacrifice
sale," as the case may be. But there is
a limit beyond which he cannot go. It
is possible to so arrange, or rather, disarrange dabs of ink upon a sheet of
paper as to render their intended
meaning beyond the power of the most
erudite antiquarian to determine. In
such case our Egyptologist is up
against it, and the only way out of the
difficulty ls to requisition the services
of an astrologer, a palmist or an inventor, articles not usually kept in a
print shop.
In writing for publication for heavens' sake, write plainly. Do not crowd
your lines. Write large enough to be
easily readable. Write on one Bide of
the paper only.
Illegible copy has probably been
more potent in encouraging profanity
than any other satanic device. If
correspondents will comply with the
above requests they wtll become a
power for righteousness in the print
shop, against which the wiles of Satan
cannot prevail.
Last week we asked you to get one
new reader. It you think we are asking too much don't do it. It you knew,
however, what it would mean to double
the circulation of your paper just' now
you would not hesitate long. Every
new reader means an Increase ln the
Influence which this paper has in pointing the straight road to Socialism. New
readers are the lifeblood of a Socialist paper and with the increase in the
cost of paper, as mentioned last week,
the need of more subs, is imperative.
This is one way you can always help.
You are sure to know someone who will
subscribe for at least three months.
We really hate to ask you for your
help; we think you should see the
necessity of spreading the light without being asked to do so. However,
now while you are thinking about it,
look up that friend of yours, tell him
what you want and be sure you get lt.
When you Bend ln the new sub. be
sure and mention that you have joined
the Clarion sub-hustlers squad and
will be .Tohnny-on-the-spote from now
on.   Here is the bunch for this week:
W. H. Bryce, Demaine, Sask  6
H.  Fulcher,  Brandon,  Man  4
M. W. Smith, Beaverdell, B. C  3
D. McDougal, Winnipeg, Man  3
Zabul McLeod, Amhurst, N. S  3
W. Maxwell, Cumberland, B. C  2
Wm.  McQuold,  Edmonton,  Alta....  2
A. Bonar, Moose Jaw  2
K, Johnson, Montreal, Que  2
J. Watson, Winnipeg, Man  2
Singles.
W. Laing, Cedar Cottage, B. C; A,
Shilland, Sandon, B. C; W. L. Phillips, Fernle, B. C; C M. O'Brien, Edmonton, Alta.; A. S. Julian, Calgary,
Alta.; Thos. Hooker, Bassano, Alta.;
A. Browning, Medicine Hat, Alta.; J.
Lane, Kisbey, Sask.; B. Peake, Winnipeg, Man.; H. G. Ross, Glace Bay,
N. S.; Wm. Allen, Sydney Mines, N. S.;
Wm. Mailly, New York, U. S. A.; S.
Lellman, Enderby, B. C
Bundles
Local Nelson, B. C, 10; Local Montreal, Que., 10.
At Ymir General Hospital a duly
qualified Physician and Surgeon to take charge June 1,
1912. For further information
write W. B. Mclsaae, Secretary, P. O. Box 506, Ymir, B.C.
LOCAL  ST. JOHNS.
Local St. Johns, No. 6,, N. B., of the
Maritime Provinces, had the first skirmish with the enemy recently when
Com. F. Hyatt ran for commissioner
and polled 114 votes, the first Socialist
Candidate ever run In New Brunswick.
The local Is making great strides, having moved from 36 Dock Street to 97
Charlotte Street, over the Alnlque
Theatre, taking a ball at double the
rent.
At present the Board of Trade is
boosting this city with a "Back to New
Brunswick" week. All people reading
thiB would be well to lie reminded that
St. John is a good place to stay away
from. There are lots of unemployed
there now.
MARITIME  EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
PA8S  IT ON.
SOME people don't care. Some j
people   are   intelligent   enough,:
but haven't got the mental vigor
to make their intelligence count.
I know that there is little hope
for   a   bunch   of    slaves    who ]
haven't got the get-up to make'
their    Intelligence    count,    let
alone their might.   I know that
if there Is a bunch of slaves that
can't   make   their   Intelligence
count,   they   haven't   got   any
might.   They are mere lazy, loutish bumpkins.
There is a fellow in our office
who knows about all he needs to
know about his position In society. He understands the class
struggle—he understands economics from the Marx viewpoint
—he votes the Socialist ticket.
But he doesn't care. He doesn't
care whether the man who runs
next in this town gets-in or not.
He doesn't care whether we
have the revolution within five
years or five hundred.
If every Socialist is going to
carry on like that, then we shall
surely need starvation to wake
up those others that we need on
our side. Why should we that
work need to be ground down to
the last degree of endurance, and
those that can't get work to the
crudest pangs of hunger, before
we can free ourselves? Why
should we look on the develop-
Brandon starts for the top again
Cumberland means to get those two
volumes of Ancient Lowly. Moose
Jaw continues upwards and Glace Bay
starts in to win the prize.
This ls how they stand:—
Vancouver, B. C    1
Winnipeg, Man     2
Calgary,  Alberta  3
Victoria, B. C  4
Toronto, Ont  ,     6
Edmonton, Alta     6
Cumberland, B. C     7
Moose Jaw,  Sask     8
Fernle,  B. C     9
Brandon, Man  10
Montreal  11
New Westminster, B. C  12
North Battleford, Sask  13
Nelson, B. C   14
Silverton, B. C  15
South Fort George, B. C 16
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia   17
Ottawa, Ontario     18
South Hill, Sask  19
Lethbridge, Alta 20
Send in for mailing list and rustle
up the expiring subs.
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA, LOCAL NO. 17, FERNIE, B. C.
FOR ANCIENT LOWLY
Has your local organized a sub-get
ting squad for the purpose of copping those two volumes of Ancient
Lowly, which I offered some time ago
to certain locals who would get In
the most subscriptions by the end of
June? At the present time Cumberland local is ahead, but not so far aB
prevent any one of the others who
really want to get a move on from
getting there. Look at the list ln
this week's Issue, all from Cumberland down are qualified for the race.
Tou have a full month yet; get ln the
(tune now by organizing the liveliest members of your local into a
sub-rustling committee and see that
they deliver the goods. All subscriptions mailed on the 30th ot June will
be counted and the standing of the
locals ln the lBsue of this paper for
the 13th of July will show the winner.
Cut this notice out, for lt will not appear again, and get busy.
LEEDS.
AN8WER8 TO  CORRESPONDENTS.
G. W., Calmar. Thanks for 626.
A. S. J., Calgary.   Thanks for 626.
F.   S.   S.,   Recllffe.   Thanks   for
ue.
F. H., St. John.   Thanks for 626.
T. E. 8., Yetwood Received M. O. and
copy. Will use same No hurry for
the rest
Campaign Funds.
Statement of receipts and expend!
tures in connection with Provincial
election, March 28th, 1912. Wm. Davidson, candidate for the Party.
Receipts.
Donations $492.60
Sundry collections       60.65
 $543.25
Expenditures.
Postage and express ... .$ 17.60
Printing, etc     52.80
Traveling expenses    88.75
Candidate's expenses ...   75.00
Hall rents  106.00
Scrutineer's expenses ...   77.10
Agent's expenses    10.00
Sundries     76.95
Meeting held May 12th in the headquarters, Commercial Street. Comrades present, McLaughton ln the
chair; Nash, Ross, A. McKinnon and
the secretary. Minutes of previous
meeting read and approved. Correspondence dealt with frOm Locals New-      	
castle, Fredericton, St. John and Dom. ment of the machine in apathy
Ex. The secretary reported bundles wn--e others around us know
of Clarion going to Springhill and nothing of its ultimate destiny?
Country Harbor mines. The secretary why Bh0uld we expect everyone
was instructed to prepare a report for t0 be Us 0Wn Marx when there's
the annual convention of the Cape nothing but his little Bphere of!
Breton committee to be held in Glace ,jauy toll to Marx over? Why I
Bay on May 24th.   Comrade Ross was, should we not get the other fel-
asked to  send  information re literature to Comrade    Chas.    Maedonald,
Steam Mills.
Bills ordered paid: .
Card in Clarion for 3 months $3.00
Subs,   and   bundles     5.10
$8.10
DAN COCHRANE,
Secretary.
ALBERTA   EXECUTIVE.
To Comrades and Readere of the Western Clarion:
For the past three months the Executive of Alberta bave had an organizer
ln the field.   During that time much
work has been done, interest haa been
awakened, enthusiasm rekindled and      ___^......^_^^.^^^^_^^_.
everywhere, on the farm, in the mill, ]vote the same way as we do,, by the
low going?    Why shouldn't we
pass it on?   Why?
I'll tell you why some people
don't pass it on. It's because
they don't care. This variety of
wage-slave that doesn't care
about his own wretchedness, who
has inured himself to lt, who iB
willing to see it continue rather
than exert himself against it, is
the lazy, loutish, bumpkin variety. If
we are all going to catch this disease
there will not be much hope for the
Party.
Wherein does hope lie—for the Party? Hope lies in getting busy. Suppose each of us makes a secret covenant with himself, and doesn't tell anybody. Suppose we each resolve that
if  we  cannot  get  somebody  else  to
FREE to every
-SOCIALIST
Every socialist in the world should est FREE
this thrilling story of the "Ball and Tyler Rebellion"
—an uprising of the people against the nobles and
church in mediaeval England. Not one in a million has
ever seen this rare document which is merely one of
thousands of wonderful "original documents" in the
Library of Original Sources
which ALL socialists can get on an easy, co-operative
?lan. This marvelous library is an eye-opener—It gives
he TRUTH that for ages capitalist Influence has kept
from the people to keep them under subjection. Here you
see the gradual rise of the people thru 7,000 years, from
slavery, serfdom, feudalism on to capitalism, all of which
shows you as plainly as a cross-roads guide board how the
Socialist Republic is developing out of the present system.
Show* How the Socialist Republic is Coming
Gives—for the first time—the real facts behind the ordinary
surface events which you read of in histories — the rock-bottom facts
d-hot from those daring men in all ages who had the courage to tell the
TRUTH even though they lost their fives for it —and you know how
many of them did.   This daring work is
Published Expressly for Socialists
and other progressive people who do their own think in-ar. All socialist
' writers, editors and organizers use It and urge every Comrade to get it al
once. Socialists in the United States and Canada are usingmore of this
work than of all others combined.   No'other work gives more than
.<fo of this red-hot stuff.
The Socialist Victories
In Milwaukee. Schenectady, Berkeley, Pasadena _..
other cities were won because the comrades there have been
studying all sides of economics and government—or to
put it in plain words—Socialism.   Then when the election fights were on they were able to show the rest of
the people just what Socialism is and the reason for
it. Men will vote right, you know, when tbey know
what right is They have not been satisfied with
the government of greed, privilege and plunder—they have been merely kept In thedark,
but now when the comrades open their
eyes, they VOTE RIGHT.
Are You Prepared
To Do Your Part?
The old capitalist papers and
politicians are lM>f{lnnluutotakonotice
—they are getting Beared. Ihe hardest
licknmuutbe-struck NOW. Arouou prepared to help? Berger, Spargo. Warren,
.Jmonri.Londoi. Way land, Guy lord, Untermann, Irvine, Lewis —ALL leaden
■ay the best preparation you can make Is
to rend the Library ot Original Sources
—"greatest work eztantfor social lata."
It you want to help—and we
know yon do—send today for the wonderful "Ball and Tyler" story and flnd
out how you can get a whole library of
the wine kind on the eaaieat co-operative plan in the world. BUT only the
introductory edition will be distributed
on thla plan, ao write today or you may
ho too late, aa the large edition Is going
like hot oakes.
-$499.20
Balance, cash on hand $ 44.05
The items Included as "Sundries"
ln the expenditures are made up as follows:
80 copies Voters' lists $20.00
Needles  10
Rubber stamp    2.00
Tacks 30
Ropes and banners     9.30
Exchange on checks    1.16
BUI posting    3.75
Phone messages     8.60
Telegrams  15.50
Livery (Geo. Barton)    14.00
Bulletin boards      2.25
$76.95
We have examined the records ot
the campaign funds, and find the above
to be correct statement statement of
Receipts and Expenditures.
THOS. UPHILL,
H. WILMBR,
Auditors.
W. P. Guelph.    Thanks for 626.
A. W., Mountain Mill. Thanks for
the shop, and in the mine, the slaves
were found to be fretting under the
galling yoke of their slavery.
The farmers of the province, partic-
uarly, are rapidly coming to a realization of their class position in society,
and in addition to the numerous locals
ln various farming districts, there are
many more which can be organized.
The province is waiting to be organized, but now, owing to the funds becoming exhausted, the work has about
come to a standstill, and, unless the
Alberta Executive gets the wherewithal to continue the work, the calling in
of Provincial Organizer Budden is only
a question of days.
Comrades, this is your fight! Every
addition to the organized, class-conscious proletariat Is an increase to
your strength, a step nearer the consummation.
Shall the campaign of education ln
Alberta, already productive of such
good results, cease, and henceforth be
only a memory, or will you insure Its
continuance by contributing your
shekels to the fund? It is up to you.
It ls for you to say whether you want
your fellow-slaves taught the message
of Socialism or not.
Send contribution (no matter how
small) to Burt B. Anderson, and acknowledgement will be made through
the columns ot the Western Clarion.
Every quarter means a convert! DO
IT NOW!
Yours in   revolt,
BURT E. ANDERSON,
Secy. Alberta Provincial Executive.
Address:   Box 647, Calgary, Alta.
next election, we will not vote ourselves. Wouldn't we make the masters' vote look funny?
Let us make that covenant now. I
am going to get four men to vote the
Socialist ticket by the next election,
or I will not vote myself. And you
may bet I like to use my vote—I know
it counts.
And let us get after that other fellow right away now, or we will be too
late. That other fellow is not hard
to find. He is at the next desk in the
office or at the next bench In the shop,
or he sleeps in the next bunk. It is
the fellow next to you: the higher
life fellow—the fellow that thinks that
everybody should read "The Light
That Failed" to get the most out of
life—the fellow that has heard of a
higher, better Socialism, where all
shall be pure and clean in God's sight
•the fellow that reads all the story
books he can get, but does not know
anything—the working plug that does
not want to hear anything from lazy
men—the diseased and starving rat of
a dolthead who says that all things
SOCIALISM  A  DISMAL  FAILURE.
A Dialogue.
Characters: Abel Workman, an old
party supporter; John Smith, a socialist.
A. W.—Socialism will be a miserable
failure!
J. S.—In what respect?
A. W.—Just as soon aB it becomes
apparent that the socialists will gain
political power the capitalists will take
away all their capital!
J. S.—They will?
A. W.—Yes!
J. S.—The railway companies, for instance, will take away their railways,
rolling stock, depots, round houseB,
bridges, tunnels and land, will they?
A. W.—Well—ahem—well—well they
could hardly take them all away.
J. S.—The mining companies would
take away their mines, railways, canals, boats, machinery, smelters, coal
bunkers, and so forth, I suppose''
A. W.—Well—I hardly suppos«—
J. S.—The lumber companies would
take away their timber limits, saw
mills, lumber yards, etc?
A. W.—(No reply.)
J. S.—The canners would take away
their canneries, boats, nets and fishing
grounds, manufacturers their factories,
the millers their mills, elevators and
warehouses, the merchants tbelr stores
wouldn't they. That is Just exactly
what they would do. One difficulty they
might meet with would be in the event
THIEVES.
Do you think a man should be trusted who is a thief? Why, no, you say.
Well, I say, why do you trust them?
The thieves, I mean. You believe
them, trust them and give them power
to do just what they like. Perhaps
you will ask to what thieves do I refer. Let me explain. I refer to those
thieves who steal tbe natural resources
of the earth. Nature has supplied an
abundance for all but that abundance
has been ecqulred by a few. Thereby
the majority have been deprived ot
most of the pleasures of life. It ls
very plain that the few are thieves.
If not, then who gave them all the resources of the earth? They must
have stolen them. They are colossal
thieves and you, working man, believe and trust them and give them the
power to continue their way.
W. H. STEEN.
Most so-called Socialists are satisfied If they get the workers to think,
but they forget that the workers have
been thinking right through the ages
only to flnd they have not been thinking ln the right direction.
will come out alright when we get free of tho ral)way and 8teamEh-„ com,)a.
trade and a chance-the fellow who K movlng m flrst he other8 wonM
will  never  forsake  the  flag nor his L        80me troub,e |n removl      thelr
fo(nai.'a     tt>n r,\-i\r,cr    urn tin     Via     ta     altn mil • ^LsssssW^ksssssssssssssssssssssssWf
father's teaching while he is spared:
that is the fellow, whoever he is, the
fellow next to you. Get after him.
Get him going. Say something to start
him thinking. Follow lt up with something more. Find out where his peephole onto salvation Ib. Get him going
on that subject. Show him some
leaks. Show him where the class-
struggle spoils his plans. Show him
the great plan, the great law that
made a class-struggle necessary. Get
him going.   Get him thinking.
Maybe you'll find lt hard. All the
better; lt may show you how cheap
your own brain is. It will get you
going. 'It will start you thinking and
studying yourself.
Pass it on. Wake up the lazy bumpkins—the don't cares—the louts.
Make them pass lt on. And you remember the covenant.
Your masters have demonstrated
that wealth is not produced by sitting
down. Then how can you expect to
produce a commonwealth by sitting
down? Get the other fellow before
tbe next election, and we'll make the
masters' vote look funny.
BUCEPHALUS.
By getting the workers to think that
reforms will help them gain the desired end is like walking the ties when
you have the opportunity to ride.
Two dollars will purchase 1,000
pieces of thinking matter (leaflets)
that will accomplish more In a year
than reforms will ln a lifetime. One
hundred a week for 10 weeks, $2.00.
Who's next?
property. In any event it Is no easy
matter to take a mine out of the
ground and load It on a car. Thu real
estate men would be ln a dilemma as
to how to move a town lot, wider than
the tunnels along the road, even if the
tunnelB still remained. The canners
would have some difficulty In removing
their fishing grounds. There Is another slight difficulty which would confront them, namely: The average capitalist knows so little about the industry he owns, that unless he could
hire workingmen to move his property
for him he would be obliged to leave
lt.
A. W.—(defiantly)—There are plenty of good working men who are not
socialists, and when tbe time comes
they will help the capitalists!
J. S.—By the way, where did you say
you were going to move to?
A. W.—(scratches his head)—To Europe and other places, of course.
J. S.—The socialists of Europe would
consider it a special dispensation of
Providence to be thus supplied with
capital, for the European capitalists,
who, by the way, are the self same
capitalists who operate here, would also be moving out of Europe and the
other places. They would be meeting
themselves in mid-ocean, moving their
American capital to Europe, Africa and
Asia, and vice versa!
A. W.—Oh, but this is all nonsense.
The capitalists would sell out
J. S.—Who to?
A. W.—Anyone with money.
3, S.—Who has money besides them,
selves?
A. W— (scratches his head)—Well,
they would take away their money,
anyway. "
J. S.—Let them take it. We would
not need it If we do need money our
government can easily issue paper currency.
A. W.—But paper currency has no
value unless backed by gold or silver.
J. S.—Nor has gold or silver coin
any value if it can't be exchanged for
the consumable products of labor. Tha
government, whom we elect, shall take
possession of all the natural resources
and the machinery of wealth. production.   The various industries shall bs
democratically managed by those engaged in them, in the Interest ot tha
entire people.   Every one can work for
the state,  which shall issue "to each
worker any form of money or medium
of exchange which is most convenient
This shall  have a purchasing power
equivalent to the entire value of the
product of bis or her labor.   Tho capitalists, who ln the first place are unable to take away their capital, will
flnd in the second place that THEIR
money has no value in the Socialist
Republic, as the state would not receive it ln exchange ror anything the
capitalist wanted to purchase, and he
would have to go to work like.the rest
of us, as he could not live by himself
unions he choose to live like a hermit
or a savage, and you see that so far
from being able to take away his capital or his money, he would not even
be  able  to  take  himself  away.    He
would have to work (or his living.   If
he could not work we would have to
keep him as we would any lunatic or
disabled person.   If he would not'Work,
he could simply starve, ami we would
bury him in the Interest of the public
health!
A. W—(Still wondering.) '
Private ownership of public, property, slavery, and tho State had a
common and simultaneous origin. Socialists propose to give the trinity its
common and simultaneous quietus
when the workers aro organized politically and Industrially, to demand at
the ballot box the complete surrender
of the means of life, and to have tha
Industrial might to back up tbe ballot by "taking and holding," operating and controlling industry in the
material interest of the human race.
Government owned postal service or
telephones is not Socialism. When
Socialists get control of the reins of
Government they will destroy it.
• •   • i'.i
If there ls a Government thore must
be someone to govern. We've bad'too
much government, so we will abolish
it at the first opportunity.
• •   •
By trying to . convince the slaves
that Jesus Christ was a Socialist or
that God was a Socialist, proves precisely that the propagandists arc not
Socialists themselves.
• .   .
The strike will bo necessary a's a
weapon to try and keep up tho prloe
of labor power, as long as the workera
remain ln Ignorance of tho power of
the ballot and tho principle of scientific socialism. PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, JUNE 18T, 1912.
CAPITAL AND LABOR
(Leaflet Number Nine)
The essential characteristic of wealth production under the
present system is that of profit. This is merely another form
of getting something for nothing. It is self-evident that something cannot be obtained for nothing without some one getting
the worst of the deal. Capitalist production will be speeded up
to the utmost limit, so long as a profit can be realized. The
motive lying behind it is not the production of use value, but
of exchange value. No matter how urgent the need of any
given tiling, its production under capitalism must cease when
profit can no longer be obtained through its production and
sale. The matter of sale is, of course, incidental to the process
of profit-getting.
Fully dovloped capitalism implies the capitalization of the
mans of wealth production, and production for profit.
CAPITAL.
If a clear understanding of what the real meaning of capital is were, first obtained, much confusion might be avoided
in dealing with the problems that are continually arising under
its rule.
Capital.is a term applied to the means of wealth production
under certain circumstances only. A mill, mine, factory, land,
■etc., may or may not be capital. Operated exclusively by the
labor of the owners these things would not be capital. They
Would be merely things for use, owned and operated by the
same persons. No profit would accrue to the owners from such
operation. As the articles produced would contain only their
own labor, it is clear that they could riot obtain something
for nothing. If, however, these mills, mines, etc., be owned by
one man or'Set of men and operated by another man or set of
men whose .labor power is purchased as a commodity in the
market, they take on the character of capital, and so function
as long as. the goods or wares produced realize a price in
excess of the sum paid for the labor power purchased. With
full-fledged capital the labor of the owner is no longer expended in the matter of wealth production. This is entirely
carried on by hired labor. Capital then becomes merely a
means of exploiting or making a profit out of labor. It is
needless to say that this labor is not furnished by the owners
of capital.
Capital feeds upon wage labor. The labor market is its
legitimate feeding ground As capital develops and becomes
more completely concentrated in the hands of the few giant
corporations, the greater becomes the number of those who are
forced to sell theiriabor power to prolong their existence. The
more fully stocked with labor tho market becomes, the more
satisfactory the situation from the standpoint of capital. The
opportunity is thereby furnished to feed its appetite with those
choice selections thai render the largest stream of the juicy
and succulent profit.
It should always be kept in mind that Capital is any form
of property iised for the purpose of making a profit out of labor.
LABOR.
The resources of the earth cannot be converted into form
usable by man except by labor  The conversion of the resources
of the 'earth into things usable by man is termed wealth pro-
'    duction.   Labor then produces all wealth   That portion of
human society which performs the labor required to produce
the things necessary to the life of the race and the prolongation
of its existence is the only useful part of it   It is the working
class alone that makes even the miserable civilization of today
possible, as it is the working class that carries the burden
of its support upon its back   The working class is the only
part of human society that society cannot get along without.
The position of Labor under the present system of capitalist property is not an enviable one to be occupied' by so
important a factor.   Labor power, or the power to labor is
merely an article of merchandise, a ware, a commodity to be
bought and sold in the market like sausage, tripe, spittoons or
coon skins.   Possessing no ownership or control of the means
of produpKo**, access to which he must have in order to live,
the worher must sell his commodity to some employer.   The
more ( /mplete the development of Capital, the more glutted
the condition of the labor market.   The more pronounced this
condition, the- keener and fiercer becomes the competition for
jobs among the workers.   As a result the price of labor power
(wages) is inevitably forced down closer and closer to the
bare cost of subsistence.   In the face of these adverse conditions
of the market, the wage cannot be forced up.
The farmer with his small holdings, tools, horses, etc., does
not work for wages, but the circumstances under which he
labors furnish but a flimsy disguise for what amounts to practically the same thing. He works—wife, children and himself
—for a bare existence, as a rule. His hours are longer than
thos of the worker of the factory, mill or railway. The only
advantage he has over his compatriot, the out and out wage
slave, is that his job is "steady."
Millions of small farmers pour their products into the vortex of the world's market in such stupendous volume that the
price is held down to a sum which will only allow the farmer
to obtain What the wage slave gets—a bare existence,
SUMMARY.
Speaking from the standpoint of race usefulness, there is
but one useful class in human society. That is the working
class. This is not only true now, but was always so. They
who feed, clothe and shelter human society alone make its
existence possible. Upon their backs is borne tho burden of
civilization,
Por centuries the working class has been an enslaved class.
Bearing upon its back the burden of civilization, it has been
allowed but a meagro participation in civilization's benefits.
The workers have fashioned the resources of the earth into
the finished product, not for their own comfort and well being,
hut for the glory, aggrandizement arid power of a ruling class.
Though their power to produce wealth is today greater than
ever before, their lives are but a continued round of toil, drudgery, poverty and misery. The more wealth, they produce,
the deeper they sink in the quagmire of poverty, and the more
uncertain becomes their tenure upon the means of sustenance.
That we are approaching an era of stupendous change and
upheaval in regard to social and industrial institutions, no
careful student of current events will dare dispute. The continually increasing pressure brought to bear upon the workers
through the high development and enormous concentration of
capital, is,creating such an ocean of unrest and discontent
among them that its volume must in the near future express
itself in a flood tide of revolution that will sweep from its
foundations the structure of capitalist society and make way
for the next stage of human progress, "vfhat that stage must
be is indicated by the present or capitalist mode of wealth
production itself.
By the very na.-jre of wealth production and the character
of the tools and implements used in carrying it on, it is purely
a social or collective process. That is, men produce the wealth
necessary to satisfy their needs by working together, jointly
or collectively, each individual doing his small part or share
in the great process of making all things. This collective or
social production is more absolutely such as the tools or machineries of production become more highly developed, complicated aud powerful. To such a stage has this already been
carried that the labor of the individual is completely merged
SOCIALISM  CANNOT BE CRUSHED
The Rev. Dr. William J, Donaldson,
rector of the Catholic Church' of the
Assumption of the Blessed* Virgin Mary
of Brooklyn, recently preached a sermon from his pulpit, in which he severely arraigned Socialism.
In the course of his sermon he said:
"Some may criticize me for preaching politics from the pulpit, but it is
not as a political party that we denounce and expose Socialism. It is
only its falBe principles and utter, disregard for the laws of God and of man.
The remedy the Socialists would apply
for evils would be like recommending
the chopping off of the head to cure
the toothache.
"The teaching of Socialism would
disrupt the family, undermine society
and bring about social disorder. Por
instance, their views in regard to the
marriage tie are such as almost to legalize prostitution, claiming as they
do that husband wid wife have a right
to change life partners as often as
they please,
"It is nihilism ln Russia, anarchy
elsewhere. It not checked in this
country. Socialism will lead to the
same disastrous results as in other
countries.
"We priests have the right, we have
the obligation to denounce wrong; we
shall exercise that right; we shall
thunder our denunciations of all evil,
and we shall warn our people from
affiliating with such wlerd enterprises
as Socialism."
The Brooklyn prleBt is laboring
under a delusion if he entertains the
opinion that men and women of intelligence can be convinced of the evils
of Socialism simply because men wearing the garb of religion see fit tq hurl
their denunciations against the political creed that is taking possession of
the minds of millions of people
throughout the civilized nations of the
earth.
Clerical condemnation does not prove
anything. To carry conviction, there
must be logic and argument based
on facts.
The time has passed when men in
the pulpit can sway their congregations by mere statements that were
born In1 bigotry and prejudice.
There waa a time when minds undeveloped could be controlled by the
church prelates, but as men have
climbed to loftier summits of intelligence, statements are disregarded, unless supported by Indisputable evidence.
The fear of hell or tbe promise of
in this age of reason, and the time ie
here when superstition is at a discount
The priests who declare against Socialism on the groundB of the evils
that are connected with it, realize but
too well that they are unable to prove
their statements, and their denunciations of Socialism are but insults to
the intelligence of men who are mentally equipped to analyze and dissect
every doctrine of Socialism.
Thc priest and preacher have ever
been but poor students of economics
and laboring humanity wlll show a
great reluctance ln accepting their
dlctums on questions that affect the
material welfare of the human race.
The priest and preacher have been
following their vocation since the
dawn of Christian era, but regardless
of their efforts, the earth has become
a hell, and brave, determined men in
every nation of the world propose to
banish the brutal system that has wet
the pages of history with tears and
blood.
The church may retard the growth
of Socialism, but the church cannot
stop the rising tide that will ultimately
sweep capitalism from the face of this
planet.—Miner's Magazine.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
Removed from 518 Hornby St. to
LABOR TEMPLE.
BS YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
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Designs
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sent free. Oldeet agency for Bocunug patents.
Patents taken through Munn A Co. reoelyo
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SOCIALIST HISTORY  OF  CANADA.
The undersigned was asked recently
whether the statements (re Canada)
made in the Socialist Year Book were
correct. Upon examination a discovery
was made.  Briefly it is that:
There is a Socialist in the Dominion
Parliament who sits for Vancouver.
(There is no name given).
That one or two branches of the S.
P. of C. have joined the Labor Party.
(Then to quote fully):
"In Quebec . . .there has been
a distinct advance in the movement
during the past five years, as a result
of the propaganda of Cotton's Weekly,
a Socialist paper edited by a brilliant
graduate of McGill and several European universities."
There it is in a nutshell! Cotton is
brilliant, etc.
But the tld-bit Ib this under the
heading of "PresB." We are Informed
that "The Voice" (Winnipeg) strongly supports the Labor Party policy and
is able and influential."   Ye gods!
Now you'e got lt. Please understand
that this Is being circulated as propa-
ganada stuff by certain folk. A correct
estimate of the value of the information can be ascertained when the I.
L. P. published that the compilation
is by J. Bruce Glasier, the "Anarchist
Scientific American.
k handiomft. MlnftimtMl weekly. Iftrmt elf-
cul.vt.on of any ■uUmt.flc Journal. Tama for
Canada, »a.75 a year, pottage prepaid. , Sold by
all newtdoalore-
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The best of Everything
properly cooked
E. T. KINGSLEY
^Printer
Publisher
High-Grade
Catalogue
Book and
Commercial
NEW LABOR TEMPLE
VANCOUVER,   B.   0.
heaven have but little to do with men  poet."
MOSES BORITZ.
ATENTS
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LITERATURE.
We need money and we want   to
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■s o*n:    *tt-w;;
into that of the whole. The labor of one can no longer be
separated from that of all.- The result of the labor of all is
the sum total of the wealth produced. It is the social or
collective product of social or collective labor.
It is safe to say that this social or collective power to
produce wealth is sufficient to make it easily possible to produce
enough to satisfy the reasonable wants of every individual,
without the hours of labor being excessively long. That such
a happy result is not Obtained at the present time is due to
one fact alone. There is but one obstacle in the way of such
■ consummation devoutly to be wished." That obstacle is
capitalist property in the means of wealth production.
Capitalist property is not private property. Neither is
it collective property, using the term to include all of the people. It is class property, a stage of property between individual and collective. Capitalist property belongs to the economic class in human society known as the capitalist class. The
benefit arising from property must of necessity accrue to its
owners. With the ownership of the means of wealth production
in the hands of the capitalists who number but a small proportion of the whole people, it stands to reason that all of the
benefits arising go to them as the owners. Owning this property it logically follows that they must perforce own the things
porduced by its operation.| This is exactly what occurs under
the present property regime, and there lies the reason for
working class poverty alongside of enormous wealth production. The workers have no control over the things they produce, because the means of production (resources of the earth
and machinery) are not their property. The things they socially or collectively use, and must so use or starve, held as class
property, become the means of their enslavement.
The gigantic machinery of production of today instead of
being an aid to the comfort and welfare of menkind, is, under
capitalist class ownership, merely a huge lever whereby that
class squeezes an enormouB stream of profits from the flesh,
bone, blood and marrow of the'only useful portion of human
society—the working class.
Such is class ownership of social things.   Such is Capital.
By' sophistry, pious declamation and speCiouB Argument,
does the press, pulpit' and professor attempt to apologize for
capitalist property, justify its existence and give it divine
sanction. Witnout the state to establish its legality, protect
and defend it, it would fall to the ground instantly. Government is the instrument of capitalist property today, as it was
one time the instrument of feudal or chattel slave property;
its purpose in each case that of holding the slaves in economic
bondage to the masters.
The wage slaves of today have the franchise in at least
some countries. They are beginning to intelligently tug at
their chainB. They are getting to understand that their bondage is due to the fact of class ownership of the things upon
which they depend for a living, and that this class ownership
is maintained solely by the power of government, or the state.
Awakening to the fact Of possessing political power, they are
coming to see that by the use of that power they may deliver
themselves from economic bondage by using it to legally Btrike
down capitalist ownership of the means of wealth prdduotion,
and legalize in its stead the social or collective ownorship
theeeof; thus making the ownership conform to the method of
production.
That is why the Socialist Party of Canada springs into
existence. Under its banners the workers of the Dominion
intend to peacefully and legally brush aside the obstacle of
capitalist property and make of Canada the horn© of a free
people. A people free because they till the soil, weave, forge
and spin for themselves to enjoy, and not for the luxury, pomp
splendor and profit of a useless class. That is the mission and
purpose of the Socialist Party of Canada. That is why this
little leaflet is published. It is hoped that it will at least act
as a starter to the reader along the line of acquiring a sufficiently clear understanding of the labor problem to insure
intelligent and correct action when the hour for its solution
strikes. - ar
-*£S7   JN B.C." Cl<>'
/VR^
ALBERTA ORGANIZER'S FUND.
A. E. Faulkner, Conjuring Creek.$1.00
(Promise of 50 cents per month.)
A. Taylor, Toronto, Ont  1.00
This is the magnificent result
to date of an appeal for funds
to put and keep organizers in
the field ln every province. With
thiB sum we are going to try to
bring about the revolution. Do you
think it possible?
With over seven hundred Clarion
readers in Alberta we are only able to
raise one dollar. With twenty-five
cents a month from every reader we
would have nearly two hundred dollars
a month to keep live organizers ln the
field. The other provinces are ln the
same fix, nothing doing.
Don't you realize that with the seven
millions of a population we have an
easy job compared with the task pf
educating the ninety million in the
States and the forty millions in England? With leaflets being distributed
ln every town and city and a good organizer constantly In the field in, every
province, we -would have the plutes
that scared that they would grant
every conceivable reform that could
be imagined to keep back the tide of
Scientific Socialism.
Let us have no more of this laying
back on the oars; let us have no more
of this begging for funds to enable
us to educate the masses, but Instead
let us be overcrowded with willing
workers ready at a moment's' notice to
drop a leaflet Into the hands of every
worker from Vancouver to Halifax,
let us have a financial backing that
will enable our organizers to go to
every village and hamlet in the Dominion,
Now, then, how many of you are determined to cut out one meal a month
in order to help knock the shackles
oS every human being?
Vancouver City
and Suburban
Real Estate
B.C. Acreage and Fruit Lands
W. W. Lefeaux
Hollyburn (West Vancouver)
Vancouver   and   Revelstoke
Brackendale - Cheakamus
MOTOR STAGE
Leaves Squamish wharf daily; on
arrival et Y*ncouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
RUSSIA.
A political trial of gigantic dimensions IS at present in progress itt St.
Petersburg. It ls directed against
against Dachnakzutloum, the Social-
Revolutionary organization of Armenia., 160 memberB ot which are in
the dock, seven' hundred persons were
originally tested, "about a quarter of
whom have been in prison for three
years in the unhealthy cells of Tlflis.
Many have perished, 'and many others
are suffering froin consumption and
other diseases, among them being the
world-famed poet of modern Armenia,
Aharonian. He was subsequently released on bail. Probably most of the
accused will be sent to Siberia.
Marvel Solder
Solders Without Heat
INSTANTLY MENDS
AND    STOPS   LEAKS
In all kinds of household
utensils — granite ware,
agate ware, tin, iron,
copper, brass, aluminum
In "Cubes ofChret Sizes
15c, 25c, 50c
Enclose Postage 2c
H. C. BESANT
Box429 EidDeer, Alberta
50 0orialt0t &mtp
with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
labor mass meetings, the home,
etc.* Propaganda' on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps or coin.
Addreii, Socialist Literature Co,
-'DeptVP" 15. Spruce St..
New York City
Two SdcialistB have been elected t»
the National Assembly In the Argen :
tine Hep'ublic, despite the active hostility of the church and the government.
In Naugatuck, Conn;, the Socialist
candidate for head of the municipality
has been elected against the candidate
of the combined Republican and Democratic parties, three others having
been elected with hlm, thus making
a Socialist majority on the town
board. Two Socialists were also elect-
as high school commissioners.

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