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Western Clarion Dec 11, 1909

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Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, December 11, 1909.
sobeeripilon Frio*
Mb Tua
"Sammy," of the American Federation has delivered himself of another
rare concoction of wisdom. His latest
is hailed by the. capitalist press as
"Letter from Samuel Gompers, the
great labor leader, In which he compares European labor and industrial
conditions ■ with those on this continent: America is best, says Mr. Gompers."
One would suppose that the workers, having been bamboozled as many
times by the lickspittle press of the
masters, would take the words of Sammy with a few pinches of salt, especially when, there is such a scramble
to obtain "exclusive rights" to the publication of his learned epistles on the
part of capitalist publishers.' But we
are deceived if ;*e expect the "dear
people" to do otherwise than make asses of themselves.
While the erudite Samuel Is getting
these drops of wisdom off his chest he
is enthusiastically acclaimed as a saviour of the common people by the representatives of over two mllilon Workers in Canada and the United. States.
His entrance into the convention recently held at Toronto, we are told,
was greeted with applause and the
workers tumbled over themselves in
the scramble to do him honor. All of
which goes to show, as P. T. Barnum
is credited with having once said, that
"the public (substitute workers) likes
to be humbugged and likes to pay well
for It."
But let's see what our one time Ben-
jamlte has to say for himself. First—
"The masses of Europe are worse off
than the masses of America." Rejoice
you knock-kneed American . wage
mules! Your brothers in Europe are
getting it in the neck even worse than
you are. Sounds a great deal like the
solace handed out' by numerous parsons and such like when! a parishoner
gets his leg-broken—"Brother, you
should be very, thankful. It might
have been worse. Suppose it had been
your neck." - Of course -you are duly
gratified to the omnipotent fellow who
saved your neck at the expense of your
leg, but somehow you feel compelled
to ask why the heir it couldn't have
been done without you receiving any
fracture at all.
But Gompers falls to tell us that
while the European worker is exploited of probably about fifty per cent, of
his« product our "free" American laborer is skinned to the tune of 85 per
cent, or thereabouts. It is possible,
but highly Improbable, that he doesn't
know this. If he does know it, there
i can he only one construction placed
upon Ills silence. His motives must be
the same as those of the afore-mentioned Barnum when he originated his
"wild men," etc., to fool the dear people. ■     '
We are told that "during my tour In
Europe I spoke with many men. who
once accepted the pessimistic (Socialist) views of the destiny of society as
at present organized, but now advocate
Its gradual Improvement through the
suppression of its injustices as occa-
son arises and by the further development of those movements and Institutions that already contribute.to the
common welfare, It ls at the same
time true that many such men remain
to some extent engaged ln the practical political work associated with the
pessimistic (Socialist) movement." .
In other words, these Comrades of
ours who are raising hell In the Reichstag and other European parliamentary bodies, have secretly admitted to
"Sammy" that they are "safe and
sane,1''Simon pure trades unionists ot
the Gompers-Bryan variety, presumably having learned wisdom from the
great success experienced by the Ai
F. of L. In its late political activities]
Of course a* such they should be able
to talk and write learnedly of "a fair
day's pay tor a fair day's work," and
the like. Tet, strange to say, we don't
read much of this sort of- stuff in Kaut-
■ky, Hyndtnan, Herri; Bebel, etc.
"""A member of the party (Socialist)
may acknowledge that the theory of an.
economic trend towards conditions
worse and' still worse has been- disproved by time and that the co-operative state as a conception Ib but an
illustrative dream."  In other words, a
member of the party (what's the matter wity Sammy? Is he afraid the.
word Socialist will bite?) may say—
"Aw, sure, Socialism's a dream alright. It's all damned rot and nobody
will ever see the co-operative common
wealth. We're just puttin' in our time.
Nothin' else to do, don't you ktiOw."
Isn't it fine that everything seems to
be coming Sammy's way? No sooner
does he light in Europe than, the whole
European Socialist movement, presumably overawed by the majesty and volubility of the "great labor lea'der," immediately becomes a mere opportunist
political annex to a batch of slmon
pure trades unions built on the English-American system. Boootifiri! Rejoice, all ye wage-mules, the day of deliverance is at hand!
Sammy, devotes many- paragraphs to
a summary ot "the good things that the
English-American: brand of "safe and
sure" unions have achieved! Among
them he - enumerates compensation
acts, government insurance, labor'exchanges, etc. And he spreads ink in
line style in writing of the great co--
operative concerns of Germany, Italy,
England and other countries;
But here is the climax—"Nothing
more significant presented itself to my
eye as a tourist than the difference in
appearance of the German cities between the time I visited them fourteen years ago and the present year.
. ,. . In some of the cities these (the
slum districts) have been about completely wiped' out." Can Sammy point
to a single city.in America In which
the slum.district has been completely
wiped, out? Nay, more. Can he point
to an American or Canadian city
whose slums have not Increased ln
size.and general ugliness In the past'
fourteen years? Yet—"America • is
best, says Mr. tGompers "
But let's work along into this marvellous tissue and see what else be
has to say- "Fine open,.'net*'"'upjiM?,
vards now run through quarters once
the sorry refuge of the poorest stratum of society (wonder where the poor
devils went?). In Berlin in the northern section a vast new workingclass
quarter has been developed. The
streets are wide, the dwellings almost
palatial (ye gods! let's hike for Germany, Mc) outwardly, the apartments
have modern equipment. . . . An
inviting appearance," etc., ad infini
turn. And all this in benighted Europe. Workers living in "palatial" residences, slums either already wiped out
or fast becoming so, a general air of
beautiful content,smlling workers with
swelling bank accounts and enlarged
incomes. Such is the German working
class a la Gompers. '   '
The writer has never visited Germany and probably never will unless
he goes ln a cattle boat, aa bis masters are damn careful that he doesn't
get the necessary coin. But he hat
read something of the conditions which
obtain there. And after due deliberation he accuses Sammy of having wilfully misrepresented the facts, hit tbe
pipe, or indulged too freely in the
stuff that "biteth like a serpent and
stlngeth like an adder." Must be the
latter, as they haven't "local option"
or "Scott Act" in Germany, I understand.
Let's suppose, for argument's sake,
that Sam ls very truthful. Dear reader, "America is best." So let's take a
short trip around town and visit some
of the "palatial residences;' in which
the American working-class resides
("lives" is too pleblan). Note tbe
workers lolling ln luxurious forgetful-
ness of such mundane matters as seven o'clock whistles and the like.. N"W,
let's visit one of the beautiful boulevards (got any of 'em in Vancouver,
McT), once slum districts, upon which
the working-class population of New
York, Chicago, "Frisco, Buffalo, Beaton, Montreal, Vancouver, Winnipeg, or
St Jr**i Hyes'(J mean resides). Walk,
in and partake of the champagne dinners, pink teas, etc., that the workers
enjoy. Do you find any of these thing*
in America, the land of opportunity
(for graft) T No. But Brother Sam
inform* ns that the wage slaves of effete'Europe have all these things.
Yet, gentle Annie, "America ls best."
, .The Clarion was well informed when
it marked the tomb of the Liberal
party "1909." As far as members go
McBride is the whole show. But it is
permissable to guess that McBride
Would have been stronger with a smaller following. The timber wolf in small
numbers is wary and alert, but when
the pack is numerous they become
bold and reckless. McBride now leads
a hungry horde, the majority of whom
know nothing of the lean years of
1904-5-6, when three Socialists sat on
the lid, a House nine-tenths Tory (or
Liberal, for that matter), and $5,000,-
000 of a surplus contains Interesting
■ During the campaign it was noticeable that the long suit of every government candidate throughout the province was the much larger appropriations that a Tory member would be
able to get from a Tory government,
or in other words, that the district
would be punished for returning an opposition member. This sheds an in-,
terestlng light, on the endorsement
said to have been had, of McBride's
railway policy. There are many districts, ln the interior of the province
that cannot hope to receive any benefit from this railway scheme. Now the
district that could be Influenced by a
promise of larger appropriation did
not at tbe next moment become so
unselfish as to assume grave risks of
paying for a railway for some other
On the other hand the district that
resented this vicious slap at representative government would be in no
frame of mind to entrust McBride or
his party with a work of the magnitude that the C. N. R. proposal purports to be. I take lt, then, .that the
results of the elections is not so much
an endorsement of McBride's railway
policy as it is a.tribute to the efficient
manner ln which the machine was
:,vf;he result of the elections Is some;
-what disappointing to every Socialist,
as the defeat of Comrade Mclnnis
leaves us weaker ln the legislature,
and, although there is little cause for
surprise at the loss of one seat in
three at a time when the Liberals lost
eleven out of thirteen, still this codld
have been avoided! Three years ago
the workers of Grand Forks undertook
to put' Mclnnis through. A year ago
the writer noticed that the active part
of the Socialist Party work was allowed to fall on a few active workers,
who by reason of consistent activity,
had become "undesirable citizens." It
would seem that in this election the
workers of Grand Forks—the men who
voted for Mclnnis—relied on Mclnnls
himself and the few "undesirables" to
put Mclnnis through. A hundred
working men in Grand Forks and
Phoenix intent on electing Mclnnis
would have benumbed the arm and
tongue of tbe old party camp-hounds,
but if the active work falls on a few
individuals who have first been blacklisted and then declared lazy because
they bad no work, the. heeler is brave
with the hope of graft in sight
No man that voted for Mclnnis three
years ago could claim to have been
disappointed, for his record for consistent efficiency was all that It could
be, and there Is no closer student in.
the movement in British Columbia,
Three years from now the workers of
Grand Forks will again undertake to-
elect Mclnnls instead ot expecting him
to bring about his own election.
—P. W.
Comrade Wilfred Gribble of Toronto, organizer for the Socalist Party of
Canada, who has lately been doing
good work ln the eastern provinces,
is now working, in B. C. All Comrades
in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan wishing to use him should
write the undersigned for dates, as he
will soon be coming this way on .a lecturing and organizing trip.'
Box 647, f'Jgary, Alberta.
A slave at the present time has practically no exchange value for the Simple reason that there has been overproduction in the slave market and a
decreasing demand for wage slaves,
owing to greater productiveness ln machinery.
All commodities which possess an
exchange value are exceedingly useful
to the master class and overproduction is always nipped ln the bud when,
possible. Why? Because it too great
a quantity of any commodity is manufactured or produced, it ceases to have
that magic quality called exchange
Water, air and daylight bave exchange value under certain conditions,
but on the average they are use val-
Suppose, again, that Brother Goin
pers is truthful. He says the. workers
of Berlin are living ln a pocket edition
of paradise. In America the workers
live in a good large sized edition of
HELL. Why the difference, if any exists? IS it because the German workers adopted Sam's plan of rewarding
enemies and punishing friends? Or,
gentle reader, is it because they kicked every "labor leader" of the Gompers brand black and blue and chased
them out of the country? The latter
is what they did, and they sent stalwart Socialist fighters into the parliaments and councils of the country
to work ln the interests of the tollers
and nobody else. That's the reason
the old parties scramble to throw
crumbs in the shape of old age pensions; etc., to the workers. That's the
reason Sammy found the let of the
Berlm workmen improved ln the past
fourteen years.
In conclusion, Brother Sam points
out the fact that he has taken ail the
troubles Incidental to writing this and
numerous other epistles of a like nature for the benefit, not of his pocket-
book (perish the thought!) but of
those of us who still hang to the obsolete Idea that Socialism ls practicable. We are gratified and also squelched by the exuberance of Sammy's verbosity.
ues, that is, they are of benefit to
human society, but are in such a
great quantities that they cease to
possess any value whatever In the
form of gold.
In the centre of the Sahara Desert
a single glass of water, to a human
being dying of thirst, would be worth
more than all the gold ln the world.
Now, how much would a glass of fresh
water be worth ln the centre of any of
the Great Lakes? Its value would be
Wage slaves are constantly complaining about the treatment accorded them by their capitalist masters,
but as there are on the average from
five to ten men for every job, there
is a very great overproduction ln the
slave market, consequently they have
ceased to be classed as exchange
Horses, mules and various other
four-legged animals are exchange values for the simple reason that practically all the available pasturage is
nt the present occupied. They have
all one distinctive quality that the
wage slave has not, that is, we can
eat the cattle and also the horses and
mules if forced to do so. Now, If the
capitalist would permit us to eat each
other, wage Blaves would then possess an exchange value, and possibly
we wo*!?, be kept fat and sleek like
other domestic animals.
It is a well known fact that large
corporations would rather pay damage
suits than apply safety devices for the
protection of human life and limbs.
Take the recent mine disaster at Cherry, I]l,, where nearly 400 miners were
entombed. Tbe mine owners wished
to seal up the mouth of tbe mine,
without making a single effort to get
them out. They claimed it was the only
**y to put the fire out. You know
how many miners have already come
out alive. If there had been 400
blooded horses ln that mine, all kinds
of devices and means would have
been In operation to save them.
In the face of all this evidence, MR.
WAGE MULE, do you think you are
worth a continental damn In any way,
shape.or form?
It must be apparent to any observant individual that insanity is on the
increase all over the civilized world.
In England no sooner is a large asylum completed than the authorities are
compelled to look out for another site
upon which to build another.
To Socialists the explanation of this
is easy to find, but to those who have
not yet come to an understanding of
the Socialist philosophy it must be extremely puzzling.
It is amusing to listen to tbe arguments that are advanced to attempt
to account for the increase et the
mentally diseased.
Prohibitionists of course put lt down
to drink; religious people to sin and
wickedness; but neither the decrease
in the consumption of alcohol nor the
increase in the number of churches
and sky pilots checks the march of insanity; perhaps, rather, they add to
the number of lunatics. You never
can tell.
Countless millions are spent yearly
to keep alive these living dead. From
two to three per thousand In the Old
Country are Insane. The number of
hospitals for the insane Increased ov-
„r 100 per cent, from 1890 to 1903 ln
the United States. It ls interesting to
note that in proportion to the population there are more white than negro lunatics in the latter country.
Take any country you like, Canada or
anywhere, you will find that Insanity
increases In the same ratio as capital. It develops as the system develops.
The writer of this article has'spent
many years of her life as a nurse ln
institutions where those who suffer
from mental derangement are kept,
and the facts herein stated are what
have come under her personal observation during her experience ih criminal public or private asylums.
It will strike the reader as strange
to know that she has never seen any
institution where any attempt is made
to cure a patient. You all know the
effect of environment and can' perceive that a person' temporarily unbalanced is almost certain to become
permanently so when thrown Into the
company of thirty of forty creatures
who are stark, staring - mad. Many
patients in these places have been former nurses there. It is no uncommon
thing to have to nurse one's fellow-
A fellow-workmate of mine was once
suffering from overwork, and was on
night duty in a highly nervous condition. She became afraid and feared
she would lose her senses. Eventually she put down her lantern in a corridor, went into a side-room and bang-
lag the door behind her, thus locked
herself ln.
She was examined the next morning, and she told tbe officers that If
they would allow her to go home to her
parents she was sure she would be all
right In a few days. Tbey decided,
however, that she must remain ns an
inmate until she recovered. Naturally she soon got worse and In the long
run really became mad, exposed as she
was to the gibbering Insults of her
former patients. At length she
came under my charge, and ln her
sane moments we would discuss the
Improbability of anyone recovering
their mental faculties in such places.
Asylums manufacture more Insanity than they cure. In most institutions at 6 a. m. the night nurses go
off duty and tbe day nurses come on.
The patients are told to rise. Should
ope refuse, she Is left until the last
and then told to dress. It she Ib still
stubborn, it ls no uncommon thing for
her to be dragged out of bed, enveloped In a sheet and pulled along a corridor and thrown into a side-room.
Sometimes tbe nurses get angry at
the trouble she has caused them, and
to prevent the marks being visible
they flog her with wet sheets. When
the doctor comes he Is told she ha*
been very violent, and on going to see
her he generally finds her as mad as
you would be under the circumstances.
He telle her she ought to be ashamed
of herself, orders her soft food for
two or three days, and walks away.
The nurses are not altogether to
blame.   Most of these places are un-.
derstaffed and the work must be done
that is specified to be done, and the
nurses see that tbe patients do lt.
By seven a. m. the patients must be
at breakfast, and by 10 a. m. the day
rooms, corridors, kitchens, pantries,
dormotories, in fact, everything, must
be made spick and span, ready for the
doctor's visit. This work ls done by
the patients under the nurses' supervision. A patient who is a good worker is often considered as indispensiblo
to the nurses and stands a poor chance
ot regaining her liberty. Charge nurses have great power and often keep
a woman ah Inmate of these places by
petty reports after the authorities of
the institution have certified that she
would be allowed her discharge ln a
certain time should' she behave herself.
Some of the patients are temporary
lunatics through drink. Very little
comes to light regarding tho treatment of the Inmates of these places,
and I do not care to disclose what I
have seen, but I would sooner shoot
any friends of mine than allow them
to become imprisoned within the walla
of an asylum.
However, this article is written ln
order to attempt to show a few ot the
causes of insanity and not to describe
the horrors of a madhouse. Many of
my patients were factory girls. These
poor creatures spent their time in looking after imaginary machinery. The
monotony of their former employment
had worked on their nerves to such an
extent that they always believed themselves to be at work. Some ot these
had the sound of the factory machinery continually in their ears, and were
always begging pitifully for the engine to be stopped.
Some; have been cigarette makers,
and were' consequently on piece-work
before they lost their senses. From
morning to night they were' making
cigarettes out of nothing and calculating the amount of their wages, plainly
showing that they had 'been speeding-
up to the lairt ounce before they finally broke down. Hundreds of Instance*
could be given plainly showing that
the hustling demanded by the present
system Is registering its. .victims dally
in the lunatic asylums,
It may surprise you to know that
the more refined - a woman is in her
sane senses the more coarse and filthy her language and actions when she
becomes insane, The patients suffering from religious mania can out-swear
all others. If It were possible for Qod
to hear their highly colored language
when they let the steam off, I guess
the old man would go .to the Infernal
regions for a change. ,.\
Many women go mad through milk
fever, and rarely recover. One pecu-
larlty about these cases ls that their
past lives are often a blank to them.
They generally fail to recognize either their own children or their husbands.
Epileptic cases are, numerous and
dreadful. Fright is also a frequent
source of mental trouble, and so la
solitude. On tbe prairies In this country many lose their senses through
the lonely lives they are compelled
to lead. They generally begin by talking to themselves and end by being
afraid of the sound of their own voices.
The genius and the lunatic are near
akin. I have seen the most beautiful
carvings done with very primitive
tools. Sculpture performed upon soap
that even the ancient Greeks themselves might envy. Musical Instruments made to produce more melody
than they ever turned out when worked by sane hands and brains. I once
saw a play staged by a.lunatic. He
trained every actor and took the leading part himself. It appeared more
realistic and made a .deeper impression upon the audience- than any play
I have ever seen. Most lunatics possess Infinite patience and genius 1*
the capacity for taking pains.
Insane individuals wfll frequently be
able to perform a feat utterly beyond
them In their rational state. One girl
from the Blums of Manchester could,
when mad, play a piano In a most wonderful manner, but when in her normal
(Continued en Page 3) TWO
Ihe Western Qui
work o-f the movement, what you are
fitted for, and Inspired by the desire
of being useful you will do THAT
The  Socialist  Party of  Canada,   In
the West, at least, has reached    the
We neither know nor care whether
these social and moral reformers are
sincere in their ignorance or hypocritical in their knowledge, or whether
some of them are the one and some
the other, as motives don't count.   It
Published every Saturday by the
Beolallst Party ot Canada, at the Omce
ef the Western Clarion, Flack Blook
Basement, 165 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B 0.
»1.00 Pet Tear, SO oenta lor Hi Months,
SS oents for Three Months.
Strictly  in   Advance
Bundle*  of 5  or more copies,  for a
Krlod of not less than three .months, at
■ rate of one cent per copy per Issue.
Advertising  rates  on  application.
It you receive this paper, lt la paid
stage when great attention will have is actions we deal with, and so we beg
to be paid to the detail work of or- : to inform them they are, as usual,
ganization if further progress ls to be barking up the wrong tree. The real
made.    While    the  Comrades  In the j evil lies in the system of production
Ib making remittance by cheque, exchange must be added. Address all
aommunlcatlons and make all money
orders payable to
Tans -nmu olabiob,
Ham •**. Vancouver, B. O.
Watch the label on your paper. If thi* number Is on It,
yonr subscription expires the
next issue.
That smooth guy, the regular editor
of the Clarion, endeavored to beguile
Bill Gribble into taking over his entire work this week, but having had
a week's opportunity of sizing the matter up, we didn't fall for the suggestion, compromising by undertaking
nvrely the editorial writing.
There is a great deal more to the
editorship of the Clarion than writing
an article or two and sitting at the
desk using a blue pencil; we wtll make
no attempt to be technical in mentioning a few of the tasks he has to perform. He has to read the proofs; to
arrange like matter so that the columns and pages are nicely filled out;
to correct the mailing list weekly, picking out slugs of expired subs; to get
new ones set and Inserted ln their
proper places.
After doing the thousand and one
things necessary before the Clarion
is printed, he has to attend to the folding, mating, and addressing. Most of
thorn have to be addressed separately,
and, in the case of a large number,
wrapped singly as well.
This takes a great deal of time,
ind though he has willing helpers
weekly, it seems to us he could do
with more, and also, it seems to us,
tbe more systematic- the help the better. It should not be forgotten that
he has also he duties of Dominion
and B. C. Provincial Secretary to attend to. As we are only temporarily
filling his chair, we can with good
grace make the suggestion that any
comrades who can do* so should render what help they can In getting out
the Clarion ln order to make a heavy
task as light as possible.
East are still engaged ln a struggle to
keep the movement on a revolutionary basis, the Cimrades in B. C. settled that matter for good and all some
time since and there Is nothing to prevent them devoting all their spare energy to an effectual and direct attack
on capitalism.
For this a thoroughly disciplined
(self-disciplined) organization is necessary, with, as has been pointed out
previously, great and systematic attention paid to detail. We merely
point out this fact; it is for the Comrades who have the work ln hand to
work out the details for themselves.
While we have many Ideas in the
back of our head as to these details
we will not presume to enumerate
them here, as space is limited, and
their name ls legion. The B. C. Comrades have done nobly in every way
in the recent election. Many of them,
as has come under our own observation, have worked themselves to the
point of exhaustion. After the necessary breathing spell after a hard contest, it is for the Comrades to be
making ready for the next.
It is a glorious opportunity that is
presented to the revolutionary workers in this part of capital's domain.
With a crystal clear revolutionary
movement as we have, there is no reason except want of systematic organization, why at the next election we
should not capture the powers of government in British Columbia, and set
the pace for the workers of the world
to follow.
Study  ls  good,  argument
It is a good thing when members of
the Socialist Party get together for
the purpose of studying economics, to
find out what is real and what is false,
to educate and be educated; but all
such should keep in mind the need of
not only acquiring knowledge, but of
DOING something each day of their
lives in order to hasten the downfall
of capitalism. While it is highly important that we have. aa many well-
versed economists in the Party as possible, it is just as Important, if not
more so, that every Party member
should be a willing spade worker for
a part, at lekst, of his spare time.
The essential, thing Is that every
Comrade should be inspired by the
desire to do what he (or she) can right
now, be willing to do whatever is
wanted to be done that he Is capable
of doing, whatever that happens to be,
to be ready, if he has tried a certain
duty and found he is unfitted for that,
to do something else that he IS fitted
for, for we are all fitted for something and can be all equally useful, If
not equally well known.
There ls a tendency to think that lt
Is necessary to be a platform man to
be fully useful in the movement, but,
while It is very desirable that as many
as possible should equip themselves
as such, there are many ways in which
Comrades can be Just as useful, and
we are convinced that it is only necessary to point out these ways and volunteers will be forthcoming. By all
means become a speaker if you can
and, if you do, don't be "too good" to
do a bit of spade work as well, if necessary, and you hare time. Try writing for the Clarion occasionally, but
if your contribution doesn't appear
don't get sore; remember the Clarion
Is not out to please even you, but to
educate the workers, and try again
and don't get sore even if your screed
doesn't appear then.
If you find eventually you are not
fitted for either writing or speaking,
don't decry eltherV these methods ot
propaganda. Probably you will have
found out ln the meantime, having
been doing what you can In the spade
for profit, which they either do not
know how to or do not dare attack.
That Is the work of the working
class Itself, and we can and will attend
to it alright. All we ask of His Holy
Lordship of Saskatchewan and such
as he is to get ready to "stand from
under" when we have sufficiently undermined the capitalist system and it
comes down with a crash to make way
for a better one. This is good advice;
it will be safer to take than to reject.
The white slave traffic has to be
"stamped out" by the slaves themselves, the wage slaves who, having
nothing but their labor power, have
to dispose of that in order to get access to the means of life and as that
labor power is their very life-force,
wrapped up ln what His Holy Lordship
will tell us is an image of God, so that
body goes with lt, is the property of
the class that buys their labor power,
and hence they are slaves.
They are fast learning this and as a
result are also learning the remedy—
the taking, by any means necessary,
of the means of life from the master
class, the present owners.
Yes, sooner or later rebellious slaves
will do the "stamping out." Be careful you are not stamped upon!
uses, but action is in a class by itself.
"Not argument but action shall decide."
"Men of thought and men of action,
clear the way!"
The above ls a big word.   It Is often qualified, especially by Socialists,
I who have just taken up the study of
I Scientific Socialism, the word "econ-
has "S omic."
The social and moral reform folks
have been at lt again. It is the S. &
M. Association of Saskatchewan which
has been vomiting this time.
Meeting in solemn conclave at Regina under the chairmanship of His
Lordship the Bishop of Saskatchewan
(a HUMBLE follower of the meek and
lowly at so much per annum), the first
mess they tbrew up was as follows:
"Having heard with alarm of the
existence in Canada of the agents of
the white slave traffic and believing lt
to be the first duty of the state to
protect the citizens, we hereby urge
upon the government of Canada the
need of more stringent legislation
backed by vigorous enforcement, to
stamp out this most hideous crime."
Now isn't that original? No one, of
course, knew there was a white slave
traffic until It was pointed out by the
S. & M. bunch of Saskatchewan, who
it is evident have just "heard of it."'
But they are away off, as usual; it
is only a small part of the white slave
traffic they are speaking of: The
traffic in girls for the purpose of satisfying the sexual needs'of the ever-
Increasing army of celibates, who are
celibates, as a rule, not because of
free wtll (which does not exist) but
because they realize the increasing uncertainty of life under capitalism, the
risk in or impossibility of, setting up
a home of their own; or, in the case
of the choicest of the victims, for the
purpose of their becoming the playthings of the master class, who, having no useful purpose' ln life, devote
their lives to sexual and other excesses. Witness the Platts, the Thaws,
the Whites, the King Leopolds, et al.
The demand ls there, and Ib catered
to for the profit there ls In lt and for
no other reason.
If the men engaged In this traffic
could see some other way of making
as much or more profit as they make
in this wa., they would engage In that
particular traffic. Their motives are
just as "pure" as were the Lord Bishop of Saskatchewan's when he accepted his present well-paid job: They
are out for the goods.
We repeat: The demand is there,
made by men who have the same sexual Instinct as His Lord Bishop of
Saskatchewan, and the other social
and moral reformers, but who, unlike
his Lordship, cannot satisfy their perfectly natural sexual hunger In a RESPECTABLE way. The supply is
forthcoming from the army of girls
who receive such a small price for
their labor power that they can barely
exist upon lt, and so some of them
"fall," their will power gives way—
there ls limit to power of will as there
ls to power of muscle—they realize
they can get a higher price for their
beauty than for their labor power, so
withdraw the one from and throw the
other on the market.
And the social and moral reformers
are going to hand over the job of
"stamping out" this "hideous crime"
to the government of Canada. What
a gang to place trust in for a purpose
of this kind!    Nuff sed!
What does it mean? It simply means
this, that things are as they are because they have to be, that we are
what wo are because we cannot be
anything else, that "free will" doesn't
exist, that we are physical automatons,
none the less because we are conscious of it, doing what we do because
we have to, and thinking what we
think because we can't help It.
We will try to make the matter
clear in as simple and brief a manner
as possible, and for that reason will
deal with the individual ourselves. We
were born a certain number of years
ago because we had to be, we couldn't
help it, lt was "determined" before we
were born, by forces over which we
had no control. We took our first yell
because we had to and drew our flrst
breath for the same reason. We sought
for the right place to get our nourishment from through Inherited instinct—
a part of determinism. We grew and
developed as a result -f latural laws
As our stature increased our will
developed, not "free" will—you see—-
our will itself is determined—.we developed likes and dislikes, appetites
and desires, not because wo chose to
ln any primary sense. Even if we admit choice, our choice itself was determined.
We fell ln love because we couldn't
help it—this is readily understood—
and eventually became a Socialist, because we had to, and are doing our
best to influence others to become the
same because we must.
Just here I suppose we may begin to
say "economic" determinism, but after
all it Is only a part of the whole. Who
is to say where natural laws become
economic laws, where Is the dividing
point of organic and social evolution? We are not going to try, not
having time.
We are "determined" to do what
we can to show our fellow slaves what
Is the matter with society right now.
Most of them don't seem to have time
to learn THAT.
When we meet a fellow slave who
wants to know more, we are "determined" to teach htm what more we
know (tb Isn't much), and then pass
him on to some one who can teach
htm more. We are not as much given
to big words and fine distinctions as
we were once, as we know better now
—this again has been "determined" by
This is a short screed on a long subject, but you have the Idea; study it
out for yourselves If the wish to has
been "determined" ln you; it will do
no harm If It ls also "determined" that
you will not develop a desire to air
your knowledge after you have got lt,
or think you have, just for the sake
of doing so.
further restrict the franchise. There
are plenty of people scattered through
the country who say plainly that a
man without property should have no
voice in making the laws that govern
property. That may easily be the next
step of our masters, the' complete disfranchisement of the propertyless man.
Who can blame them* Until third
parties are completely eliminated from
the running, they won't allow a minority of propertyless Socialists to capture the government.
Take the election here in Pernie for
instance. Ross ls elected by a minority of the voters, assisted by corrupt
methods and the endorsement of the
Christian churches. The local option
reformers are bucking booze, and they
support the parties who use booze to
elect themselves to office. They violate every clause ln the election act,
and what are you going to do about
It? But suppose the Socialists resorted to such methods, oh my! what a
holler. They (the capitalists) know
their friends, the courts, and know
that they are taking no chances. They
But when the time comes, as it surely will, when we have an Intelligent
majority throughout the land, a good
safe majority, will It be necessary,
will lt be senlsble, for us to fool and
fiddle around with their old elections
act? Most of us won't have a vote
when that time comes, so what will
we care about election acts? There
are probably some thousands of men
in B. C. who are "citizens," and yet
have no vote on account of jumping
sideways job-hunting, and there was
enough of them ln Fernle riding, who
held our views, yet had no vote, to
have elected Harrington in spite of the
corrupt methods of the opposition.
Vote when you can and vote ln your
interests, but if you place too much
confidence in the power of your ballot
you are going to be disappointed. Does
anybody think for a minute that this
has been a popular election ln the full
sense of the word? Why, probably
one-quarter of the old party voters did
not know whether they had voted at
an election or been to a St. Patrick's
Day celebration, when they awoke
next morning and started to hunt for
an eye-opener, with a taste ln their
mouth as though a Doukaboor family
had just moved out.
Most of the balance of the old party
voters did not know that they had voted for their masters, but they had
Popular Indeed! Popular with the
"Workingmen of the- world unite;
you have nothing to lose but your
chains; you have a world to gain."
And when you are sufficiently united
yon won't need to vote for what you
want with your master's ballot; you'll
just take the world and that's all.
ggr Every Local of the Socialist Party of lOCAl MOTH), B. O., VO. 30—taBBM
Canada should run a card under this head every Sunday 7:30 p.m in McQrBimr
81.00 per month.     Secretaries please note. Hall    (Miner's   Hall),   Mrs    Thornfpv
~-^-^~-.~_- I     Secretary. '"""
LOOAI, bobbuurb, Vo. 85, *. p. OP o.
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday it
7:30 p.  m.    A.  MsLeod. Seoy"  ?   o
SSuftt F»r.' -2Jft«n£™S
Vffjeeflantl*®* S6Cy" P' °' B«
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
e-zery alternate Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Socialist Directory
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKensle, 'Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday hi
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. Eaat, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to anawer any communication!
regarding the movement ln the province.
F.    Oztoby,    Sec, Box      647      Calgary, Alta.
tlve Committee. Meeta first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to th-1, movement.
Secretary, H. Saltiman, Room 16, Harrison Block, Winnipeg, Man.
every .Friday evening at 8 pjnTii
M'ner» g«". Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organlxer; I. A Austin, Secy.   ,
local pxobvxx, vo. s. a. p. op o.
meets every Sunday at i.-IO p.m., Ib
Miners' Hall. Matt Hallday. Orgs*.
laer.    H. K. Maelnnls, Secretary.
looax,  nrvxapAn,  alta., vo. s—
, Char'er han«» ln secretary! log
shack, Hardscrabble Ranoh. ft miles
West of Bowden.    Business meetings
I twice a month. Capitalism vs. Socialism continually being- debated by the
Ceneral public and members of ths '
ocal. Sky pilots and flunkey polti-
cians cordially Invited to call and participate ln the sport. Secretary, S. W
Committee. Meeta ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St, Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Mondays. Organizer, W. dribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave. (J. Colombo,
Italian Organizer, 224 Chestnut St.
looal TAVoouram, vo. 1, a. p. op
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 161 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
LOOAL  TAVOOUTBB,  V.   0.,   VO.   45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 161
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Matt Martina.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
R'.mL.'j tne Labor Hall, Barber Block.
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and  Reading Room.     Labor Hall, D. A.
McLean,    Box 647.    Secretary,   A.    Mac
donald, Organizer,    Box 647
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Halt
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOOAL     COLBHAV.     ALTA.,     VO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night ln tbe
Miners' Hall and Opera House at I
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith. Seoy.
Headquarter! and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 131* Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, i p.m. Propoganda
leetlnge every Sunday at Orand
heatre. Jaa. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1318 Government St.
P. of c.   Meeta. every Thursday at S
p m.     in    Trades    and    Labor   Hall.
fourth St.    Busness  and propaganda
meetings combined.    J.  R.  Huntbach,
LOOAL VAVAXMO, VO. S, B. P. of 0.,
meeta every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting .commences at 8:00 o'clock!
Jack Place. Rec. Seoy.,' Box til.
LOOAX,   PBBVXB,   B.   P.   Of   O,   XOLDS
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle.
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting flrst Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:10 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec. Box 1(4.
llsh   Branch. Business    meeting!
every second and fourth Thursdays In
each month, at Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide St. W. Speakers' Class meets
every Tuesday at 134-Hogarth    Ave.
> Will. R. Hllbert, Recording Secretary.
42 Beverley St.
C, meeta every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Bualness
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month     Geo   Hcaihrrtou.  Organizer; K   J.
Campbell, Secretary, Box 114.
looal TPJurov, a. c, vo. as, a. p. op
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
In Tlmmins' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Edgar Smith, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
P. of O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m., the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room over
old post offlce, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. German,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organiser.
B. P. of O.—Bualness meeting! first
Sunday in each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
Regarding elections, election laws
and laws ln general, It seems to be
the Idea of some Socialists that we
are sure to win with the ballot as
soon as we have an intelligent majority. Now the election laws are not
made for the purpose of allowing the
Socialists to obtain the reins of go\-
ernment, and we know that during the
last session of the B. C. House they
tried, and partly succeeded, In making
It harder for a worker to vote. It is
only reasonable to suppose that In the
future when the Socialists become
more numerous, our masters will still
Dear Comrade,—
Every now and then there rises "a
dirge of woe' and wail of Comrades;
sad," about the small circulation of the
Clarion. The following gems of thought
and original suggestions are submitted
to you for the purpose of raising the
aforesaid circulation; If you don't use
them, on your own head be It.
The fact is you are not up to date,
not modern enough, you and your musty old economics and logic. If you really had the Interest of your paper at
heart you would Invest ln a beautiful
picture to give away to every new subscriber, say a thought-compelling painting like the "Mule's Awakening" or
"'Stoney Broken and Hard to Lose"; If
these don't catch on try something
with a suggestion of royalty about lt,
say the king of the remote seas, his
poodle dogs and harem, or the princess .on the toot. All of these gems of
art can be had from the publishers ln
the old country, who wlll give you a
million or so for the trouble of taking
them away. Then you should run a
page of Pansy or Sunflower or Tulip,
wherein he Comrades and she Comrades with matrimonial intentions
could disport themselves. How nice lt
would be to read love lines from Mangy Molly to Pimply Pete or middle-
aged bachelor about 84 years would
like to correspond with young lady
about the same age with view to marriage. Charming Idea, I call it. Next,
you want a page where the juvenile
sages could propound their weighty
views, call It the Prairie Snipes Club
or something like that. A serial story
would also Improve things. Try some
of these up to date ones which the
stone age Herald or neolithic Times
used; they can be had very cheap and
wear well. . A question department
where questions of an innocuous kind
would be answered, such as, how many
blue beans make five,, are tadpoles
given to ntemperance, or do frogs
cough at night, has a flea any sense of
humor, are blue jays related to elephants, If so, why? ton would find
that something of this kind would give
your paper a huge boom.
Come on, buck up and keep up with
the times; you're slow, me bhoy. Who
cares if we ARE robbed or not; what
we want is a paper which ls a S. P. C.
X. K. tract with a temperance right
wing and a matrimonial left, comprising altogether a wonderful collection
of useful mls-informatlon.
North Battleford, Sask.
meeta every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various halls. J. B.
King, Secretary.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. ln headquarter! on First Ave.
Parker, Williams. Sec., Ladysmith, B. C
ra   LumuuiDu,     w.   n.   nuniDacn,
.    61 FiritSt 8.; R. MacQuarrle.
Organizer, 623 Second St
quarttrs, Kerr's Hall, 1*0 1-2 Adelaide Street
opp.Robliu Hotel. Buslnessmeetlng every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cumming-, Organizer. Secretary, Jaa. Thomson, ((4
Agnes St.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  VO.  8,  B.  P.  OP O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday ln
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. ln Roberts-
Allan Hall, 73 RIdeau St. A. J. Mc-
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
LOOAL  COBALT,   VO.   S,  B.  P.  OP  a
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy.. Box. 448.
LOOAL   BBBXIV,   OVT.,   VO.   4,   B.   P.
of C., meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m.. 65
King St. E., opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 61 Weber St B.
P. of a—Meets ln Labor Hall. St
Dominique etreet. Sundays at I p. m.
Headquarters No. 1 St. Charles Bor-
romee St Leo Jacks, .Secretary, 75 i-s
St. Catherines W.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay: Wm. Sutherland, Organizer, New Aberdeen: H. G.
Roas, Financial Secretary, offlce in D.
N. Brodle Printing Co. building, Union
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member Wm. Davidson, Ssnden
Prssldsnt Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Vice-President '     •        • Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
Secretary-Treasurer A. Shilland, Sandon
No.     Name            Meeting           Pres. Sec'y.               r.O.           Add.
Night Box..
125 Atlln
Camborne ....
Orand Forks..
Greenwood  ...
Kimberly   ....
Lardeau  ......
If. A S. U.
I Rossland
Texada ....;.
Trail MAM..
Wm. Wlnslow....
Patrick O'Connor.	
Charles Blrce....
C. Bennett	
Mike McAndrews.
Joe Armstrong.
Fred Mellette Chas.  Short.
|C. Oalrns v..
James Tobln	
w. e. Hidden	
Oeo. Heatherton..
T. H. Rotherham.
H. T. Rainbow....
A. E. Carter,
B. Lundln	
Malcolm McNeill.
Paul   Phillip	
R. Sllverthorn...
J. A. McKinnon..
L. R. Mclnnls...
Robert Malroy...
Blair Carter	
O. B. Mcintosh..
Wm. Heaketh	
A. Burgess	
J. Haya '
ianies Roberts 
', Phillip	
W. A Plckard....
Geo. Casey	
A.  Shilland	
Fred Llebecher...
D. B. O'Nealll....
T. T. Rutherford.,.
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.   B.  Mclaaac...
Orand Forks
Kaslo ■■■
Slocan City
Van Anda
C. PETERS Pr,e,le" BHt
w. rt.it.ng tl<u,,,«,i,ir
Hand-Made Boots snd Shoes to order tn
all styles.  Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock of staple ready-made
Shoes alwaya on hand.
1456 Wtitaliitir Avt.
.. e souct. tne business of Manufacturers.
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser seat upon
request MarionAMsrion.Nev/Yorkl.lfeBldg,
Montreal: and Washington. D.C, V.BJu
Jos tahdotte jotakin tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
^       niin tilatkaa kohta.
Bex 117, Port Arthur, Out.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Sue-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jc-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokanaan.   ,.
MtkMi HMMtiM, f 1.50 viotlkirti
"VtMlNki" Miksu, $1.11
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'Clock
City Hall
Tb'" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies will be furnished Locale
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)   $6.00
Membership  Cards, each    01
Dues Stamps, each • •   -M
Platform  and  application  blank
per 100 **
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto in Ukrainian, per 100 60
Ditto tn Italian, per 100    -50
Constitutions, each 20
Ditto, Finnish, per dosen 60
Meeting held at headquarters Nov.
Present—Comrades Harrison, Haw-
ryluck, Andrcjczuk, McDonald (chairman), Oxtoby and Organizer O'Brien.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and adopted.
Moved  and seconded that wo pay
Organizer  O'Brien  ten dollars.    Car-
Moved and seconded that we pay
eighteen dollars to the Domlnloh executive.    Carried.
Moved and seconded that Comrade
O'Brien be appointed to fix the dateB
for Comrade Cribble's tour.   Carried.
Iron Springs. * i-75
Comrade O'Brien   * 10-0°
Dominion Executive       18-00
Western Clarion, Vancouver, B. C,—
Election over. Socialists have every reason to rejoice, having nearly
If not quite, doubled the vote ln the
province. Further our lines are now
clear. We ,have but one party now
to fight. We have long predicted the
enemy would sooner or later be driven all Into one camp, and with a tew
such generals as Fitzgerald and Gribble ln the field, we can soon put the
enemy on the go.
I would say to those that wish to
get an insight to economics, there
are none better than Wilfred Gribble.
His language Is good, as Ib his logic,
and put up so plain lt can not be misconstrued. If the Socialist Party
could keep such men as O'Brien, Gribble and Fitzgerald and Kingsley in the
field for one year, the job would be
done as far as Canada is concerned.
Results of election In Nelson as follows:—Nelson, 700 union men. Math-
eson, the ONLY UNION man on any
ticket, 160 union votes, leaving 550"
scabs with union cards In their pockets. Labor unions, clean your house
and If necessary destroy lt; It's full
of vermin.
The next campaign Is now on. If
you have any spare campaign speakers, get in touch with A. Shilland, Sandon; he wants one.
Yours,   •
,   I. A. AUSTIN.
Balance in hand, previously
acknowledged    917.49
Local Bellevue, per Comrade
Drake ••■   50-00
4 $7.49
Ih   connection   with  Haywood
tour:   Railway tickets $  8-90
Hotel    .- ••••    3-B0
Postage, telegrams, etc       2.91
Balance   on   hand    November
28,  1909    *54-18
Albert, Albert Co., N. B.
Dear Comrade,—
Enclosed find 910 for due stamps.
I expect some of the Comrades will
have written you about the election.
The result has been very disappointing.    The meanest, contemptible actions were used; cases of Impersonation were very numerous; booze was
Just' as tree as Water.   We have facts
In hand which would, under "Justice,"
land several ln Jail, and most likely
'  unseat the suppoBed-to-be-elected Ross.
*> I am convinced that If we had a clean
vote we should have been In. the lead.
One chariot blame the miners;   look
at the Coal Creek and Michel vote.
We are not beat out anyway. Sunday night we added ten members to
our ranks and we are I believe going
to get many more.
Yours for the revolution,
 1 BY	
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 26c, by mail
—Merrie England; Britain for the
British, Blatehford. 20c. each by
mail,   Sssd Ur Catalogss.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Phone 6381       413 Prior Street
VancouT«r, B.C.
Dear Comrade,—
In the election just past we the
Socialists of Rossland took advantage
of the opportunity to test our strength.
The result ls satisfactory and shows
that a few more of the "honest working men," as they are called about
election time, have become conscious
of the position" that they occupy In
capitalist society, and have decided to
vote ln their own interest, regardless
of the advice of cunaing politicians,
good shepherds," and other capitalist
We have learned by past experience
that lt ls nO use dependng on anyone
on election day except the class-conscious workerB. There Is at other
times a herd of self-styled Socialists
(not revolutionists) who are anxious
to give "good" advice, but at election
time there ts always something wrong
with the candidate or other party
members. So Mr. Reformer goes
where he belongs. It's a good time to
go, for more critical times are coming. Anyway they serve the double
purpose of showing where they stand
and demonstrating to the workers the
proper course to pursue.
We are still at it and putting up
tho real dope to the best of our ability.
Wishing you and the Party success,
I am,'
Yours for revolution,
Organizer Local No. 25.
Dear Comrade,— -,>,'$:• (
Just a line to let you know that I-
have survived that terrible ordeal of
listening to two "political shysters"
expatiating on the beauty of the capitalist system.
The Local here has come out of the
fight with an Increase tn membership
and prospects of a bright future. The
returns are not all ln yet and up to
the present our vote amounts to 155.
As in other localities the wage slaves
here are without a vote or else tbe result would bave been different, as they
are ripe for Revolution along the line
of construction of the G. T. P.
We had no difficulty ln raising the
"fine," and at our last meeting previous to the election the audience came
"thru" to the tune of thirty-nine dollars.
I enclose herewith two subs, for
Clarion. Must say I am disappointed
with result in Fernle, as "Jack" would
have been a good addition to the contingent at Victoria.
"■' "     ■ T     ' '    *•■
In the Olds district, Alberta, the
Liberals thought to get Duncan Marshall In by acclamation, the Conservatives By their silence giving their
consent. Proclamations were posted
on Sunday (remember the Lord's Day
Act ln Alberta) so that the electors
would not have more than eight days
notice. Many of our Comrade farmers only get their mail once a week.
As soon as they learned of the bye-
election, they began to spread the
newB over that large district. They
held a convention and nominated our
staunch Comrade S. W. Welch. Some
went east, others west, to arrange, for
When they paid the fine (deposit),
and their candidate's name was on
the official ballot, the enemy became
alarmed, aa was evidenced by the arrival of a large army of political pimps
from north and south, both provincial
and Dominion.
Duncan Marshall state-} ln public
meeting that he had a wire from Dr.
Clark, M. P., who was in Ottawa, saying, "If the Socialists nominate a candidate wire me and I wlll come at
once." Dr. Clark is a loud free-trader
and ls supposed to be attending the
session in Ottawa writing free trade
laws. Evidently he discovered that
free trade was a minor issue and that
the interests of the Capitalists could
be best served by fighting the Socialists ln Olds.
They asked for joint meetings but
our committee refused. They said in
effect, "For years you have treated us
with contempt, now that we are - a
force that cannot be ignored, you are
trying to use us; we will treat you
now as you have treated us ln the
past. Anyhow, we have no speakers
to send to "your meetings; we have
bald one hundred dollars and hall rent
for the privilege of getting out our
dope before the people ot this district.
So 'Get thee behind me Satan.'"
We: had fine meetings, two and three
a day, driving from eight to twenty
miles between meetings; met a number of fine Comrades that we had not
heard of before.
The Socialist vote was a small per
cent, of the electors. There was such
a strong feeling of protest against
the coarse political tricks of the Marshall gang, that I think if Comrade
Welch had been a candidate on any
other ticket he would have been elected. We urged them not to vote against
Marshall and for Welch. That the personality of these men counted for
nothing. It was what they represented. Marshall, the rule of capital which
means the slavery of the workers.
Welch, the slaves In their struggle tor
freedom from the rule of capital. That
for generations the masters have
taught us that we were not slaves but
free liberty-loving, British objects. But
a few of us who had dlr covered that
this freedom business Is a huge Joke
worked off on us slaves by the masters
in the interests of the master.
We did not expect to convince many
in such a short campaign. We cannot
expect to sow the seed and reap the
harvest on the same day. It was the
opportune time to sow the seed of the
revolution in that district. Knowing
the season for seeding would be short,
we did not rely on crude old methods,
but tried to be up-to-date as the modern
apparatus now used in parts of Saskatchewan, that with one stroke plows,
fertilizes, seeds, and harrows, fifty
acres of raw prairie per day. If the
Comrades give it proper attention it
will bear a bountiful -harvest in due.
We could only get scrutineers at a
few of the polling booths, and in the
town of Olds our scrutineers who were
British objects, farmers, and voters
in that riding, had papers from our
candidate authorizing them to act as
his agents, were not allowed to act,
and when they Insisted they were
threatened with arrest if they did not
leave the building.
In all probability we will never know
how many votes were cast for our
Comrade Welch, but that does not matter, we accomplished what we were
after. Sowing the seed of Revolution
among the slaves.
KILBY—At Port Simpson hospital, on
25th of Nov., Grade, the only daughter of Charles and Bertha Kllby, at
the age of 12 years 8 months. Interred at Port Simpson on the 26th
. of Nov.. .       t
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
 Which Stands for a Living Wage
Vancouver Local 357.
Editor Western Clarion,—
Just a few lines to report that Comrade Fitzgerald held a few meetings
in the Okanagan, just before election.
We also managed to get him on the
platform of the Conservative candidate, Price Ellison, at EndeTby, and
we can assure you that Comrade Fitzgerald certainly made the most of that
occasion. He literally heaped coals of
fire on Ellison's head, crushed him
with.sarcasm and held him up to
scorn, to the unholy delight of all
workers present. He succeeded ln
showing the true character of these
"friends of white labor" and also dealt
with the railway policy from the Socialist point of view. The night before
election, we had a mass meeting;
great, crowd, and Comrades Johnson
and Fitzgerald delivered the goods in
excellent style to the entire satisfaction of the audience.
Say, don't forget, Mac, we shall want
Fitzgerald again, soon.
Yours in Revolt,
To the Editor Western Clarion,—
I wish to apologize for what may
seem to you and your readers a case
of "butting in" Into the discussion between you and Mr. Untermann. My
letter which appeared in your issue of
Nov. 6 was written and mailed a week
or more before I received the first installment of Mr. Untermann's cas# for
the reformists. I should have waited
until Mr. Untermann had presented
his case, and you had replied to it, and
then when an opportunity had occurred I would submit my view of the
case; but my impatience got the better of me.
The question ot "secondary exploitation" or what may be called "the exploitation of labor on the Installment
plan," is a most important one; so
important that lt means in the end the
life or death of the revolutionary
movement, even of Scientific Socialism itself. I believe that the "decadence of Socialism" which the writers
in the Socialist press are observing,
are traceable to the teaching of such
"leaders" ln the movement as Mr. Untermann.
To me, Mr. Untermann's appeal for
the reformists is a clear case of Marxian vulgarization. He has accused certain Socialists of vulgarizing the theory of value of Karl Marx; but the
fact ls that he is himself guilty of vulgarizing the theory of price of Karl
Marx, and has, therefore, a happy con
ceptlon ot the relation which price
bears to value as Marx conceived lt.
Price (or money) has nothing whatever to do with the theory of labor exploitation either as producers or as
consumers; and for anyone to bring
price into the argument at all shows
clearly that his conception of both
price and value Ib a hazy one.
Every careful student ot Marx will
find and can verify it on the market,
that price and value are two entirely
different concepts. Each Is determined by entirely different forces. Values do not determine price, neither do
prices determine value. They are as
a rule determined AT each other but
by two different forces.
The confused conception which Mr.
Untermann has of the relation between price and value may be noticed
ln that paragraph (column 2, first installment) where he states the "garbled" view of the Marxian theory of
value; a statement which ls in itself
it seems to me, a garbled view of the
garblers. Mr. Untermann puts the
case for the garblers into a simple
problem thus: "Place the total labor-
values created by the labor of all workers in one pile. Subtract the total
wage, and what remains is the total
surplus-value which represent the amount ot which the wage workers are
robbed." The term "wage" means the
price of labor-power; It may mean the
price as measured ln money, or as
measured ln labor-values. If Mr. Untermann means by the term "total
wage" the total labor-values returned'
to the workers as wage, no objection
will be taken to It; but if he means
the total wage as measured in money,
then he has garbled the view of the'
garblers, because they contend nothing of the kind. Yet, this is evidently what Mr. Untermann means by the
term "total wage" In the above statement.
Your readers will notice that after
Mr. Untermann has put the problem in
this form—that is, regarded it from
the total or social point of view—he
then slides down to about half-mast,
in order to disprove the contentions
of the garblers. The problem. is no
more regarded from the social, or
from the class point of view, hut from
the individual or group point of view.!
He sets a particular group of labor-
values over against another group of
values; and the price of one particular commodity over against the price
of another commodity. In the exchange between different groups of
labor-values, the capitalists are supposed to receive the second Installment ot unpaid values; or, If lt Is more
convenient, the capitalists may get the
second installment by means of variations in the prices of different commodities. Mr. Untermann has discovered certain "hints" In the writings
of Karl Marx to show that the difference in the purchasing power of different commodities In exchange result
in an additional increment of unpaid
values which finds its lodging place In
the pockets of the capitalists.
With your leave, Mr. Editor, I wish
to submit two or three short letters
for the Clarion, pointing out the economic fallacies in Mr. Untermann's
case for the theory of labor-exploitation on the installment plan.
I am sure we ought to feeel thank
ful towards Mr. Untermann for tell
lng us that the capitalists are bo considerate as to divide the total surplus-
value Into two Installments Instead of
taking it in one lump.
I think, however, we will find that
such ls not the case. I think we will
find that Mr. Untermann's recent plea
ln the Clarion Is only a desperate effort to square himself with the revolutionary movement by vulgarizing the
economic doctrines of Karl Marx.
hector n. Mcdonald.
Toronto, Ont.
(Continued from Page 1)
condition would protest that she never had any knowledge ot music and
never played anything In her life
Of course many lunatics are poets
and many poets are lunatics who don't
know lt. Some of these poor creatures
possess remarkable memories. Some
take the remembrance of dates for a
hobby and others historical events and
so forth.
Those who have visited these places
will have had the opoprtunlty of seeing some of the work the women turn
out. I remember a woman who made
a shawl from human hair, spending
many years in the process.
She collected hair from tho dust
pans or anywhere she could, sometimes taking a handful from another
patient's head when she could not get
any anywhere else, urging as an excuse that she must get her shawl done.
In one large criminal asylum ln the
north of England there Is a museum
containing a collection ot articles that
fill the beholder with amazement, so
wonderful are they. All these have
been made by lunatics.
In rare instances lunacy ls inherited,
though in cases of lunacy due to epileptic fits and inherited from an epileptic parent, the medical fraternity
are now tn possession of sufficient
knowledge to prevent this. Many a
child doomed to become an epileptic
when lt reaches maturity can by a
simple operation be prevented from
doing so. Epilepsy is contagious and
can in certain cases be caught by being in close touch with an afflicted
person. Nurses sometimes become epileptics through attending to those suffering from this disease.
Bad feeding and neglect ln childhood Ib also a frequent cause of epilepsy. Many babies are shut In one-
roomed tenements and drugged to
keep them ailwn while. the mother
goes out to work. When they get older they are fed upon pickles and
hghly seasoned tinned goods. They
develop abnormal appetites and drunken fits or lunacy ls often the result.
It might be said the mothers are ignorant. Well, If they are, whose fault
is it?   Not theirs.
As capitalism speeds us up more
insanity will Increase at a fearful pace.
We can do nothing to prevent the Increase or cure those already afflicted
under the present system.
In London two words describe the
expression upon the face of every individual you meet there: Nervous apprehension—"What ls to become of
me now the gray hairs are beginning
to show?" "Where can I get a job?"
"Where am I to get the rent from?"
"Where am I to get food for tbe children?" And the same expression ls
gradually settling upon the faces of
the inhabitants of B. C. The whirligig of capital is extending its embrace around the whole world. "Faster and faster our Iron master, the
thing we made, forever drives."
Those who are hot Socialists must
see before them nothing but an ever-
deepening gulf of horror, ever being
pushed nearer and nearer the precipice ot destitution. What wonder then
that lunacy Increases? .
We have hope, Comrades, confidence
ln ourselves, our class, and our capse.
Without the hope that our knowledge
gives us, what would be life to us,
anyway? Without our key to the solution of the riddle, many of us would
be driven mad. Spread the movement
with all your power. Socialism is the
balance pole of the Intellect amid
this hell of capitalistic horrprs.
There ls no case of lunacy that cannot be prevented or cured when once
we have the power to Use the knowledge we possess for our advantage.
So long as capitalism lasts the Increase
of lunacy Is bound to be, because capitalism Is lunacy.
The S. P. of Canada has struck the
Tight path. In future let our tone of
Revolt ring clear and true. No sugar-
coated speeches. The capture of the
political power ls our one aim and
object. Once that is In our possession we can strangle capitalism and
this mocking devil removed, the earth
will be, for the first time in its history, sane.
Jifere and Tfow
Dear Comrade,—The following com
rades were elected to the Provincial
Executive at the meeting of Local
Vancouver No. 1, held Tuesday, December 7th, 1909: E. T. Klngsley, O.
Mengel, J. G. Morgan, W. M. Macken
zle, D. G. McKenzie, J. A. Peterson,
A. R. Stebblngs.
B. C. Locals Wishing Dates for Organlxer Gribble, on His Wsy East, Write
Box 836, Vancouver, NOW.
50c per year
Two for a dollar
Six months 25c.
PaMished at CowansvlHe, P.O.
Tickets for the drawing tor "The
Library of Original Resources" In aid
of the Clarion maintenance fund, are
still for sale. About halt the number
has been disposed of, so that anyone
wishing a chance at lt should not delay. The receipts from tt will help
materially In meeting future deficits.
It you can help, do so NOW.
• •   •
Two yearlles from. Comrade C. T.
Wood, Mountain House, Alts, He reports Comrade White holding a good
meeting at Markervllle and expects to
form a Local there soon.
• •   •
J. N„ Cumberland, B. C, subscribes
for the Clarion, sends In a new one
with it, and donates 91.60. to the election fund.
• •   •
Comrade John Cottam, Nlpisslng,
Ont., who is leaving to spend some
months In the "Old Country," thought
he would remember the Clarion before
he went and so sends ln a bunch ot
• •   •
Two renewals and a dollar for the
Clarion maintenance fund from Comrade Jack Place, Nanaimo, B. C.
• *    a
"I picked up these two seekers for
the truth. Kindly put their names
on your list of subscribers, and let'
the leaven do Its best," writes Comrade John Woodrlff, Custer County,
Clorado, enclosing "two dobles to pay
tor same."
• *   *
Local Winnipeg makes up a list of
one hundred.names, and sends them
In with $15.00 for a trial subscription
of the Clarion to each. Locals would
do well to take advantage of this
method of putting our dope before new
readers. Be sure, however, that the
names and addressea are correct.
s • •
Comrade F. Blake, Edmonton, Alta,,
wants a rustler's sub. book, and while
watting for lt drops ln with a list ot
• •   •
Three more subs, from   Comrade
Charlie O'Brien seem to indicate that
he won't be happy until he gets that ,
• •   •
Comrade W. W. Lefeaux rustles up
a pair from Revelstoke, B. C.
And Comrade O. Mengel, Vancouver,
B. 0.i does the same trick.
• •   •
The Rambler Literary Club, Mc-
Gulgan, B. C, wants to get the election returns and to keep In touch
with the doings of parliament, and so
orders two copies of the Clarion for
a year.
• •   •
Comrade W. Davenport, Brantford,
Ont., orders one hundred copies of the
Clarion containing the result ot the
fight, and takes a chance tn the drawing for the "Library of Original Resources."
• .   • *>
Comrade J. B. King sends ln a fine
list of five yearlles from Prince Rupert, B. C.
• •   •
Three yearlles for the Clarion ls the
result of another stunt by Comrade
W. H. Stebblngs, Winnipeg, and an additional-''donation from Winnipeg Local to the campaign fund of one dollar each from Comrades D. McDougal
and Ingram.
• *   •' -
Five yearlles and his' own renewal
from Comrade F. D. Hardy, Trail, B.
0„ is another indication that the hoys
are following up the game that put
the Libs out of business.
Comrade Alex. Lyon adds three
more readers to Toronto, Ont., sub.
• •   •
A new sub. now and again Is the
VERY LEAST that can be expected
from Clarion readers. Following are
the Comrades who sent ln renewals
and new Hubs since last report:—J. H.
A. Grant, Vancouver, B. C. B, J. L.
Vancouver, B. C; E. A. Drury, Toronto, Ont.; A. W. Llnnell, Royholm,
Sask.; Mrs. M. A. Owen, Fernle, B.
C; J. J. Thorrowgood, Rossland, B,
C; J. Reay, Victoria, B. C; A. Ark-
wright, New Westminster, B. C; "Cf*
garmaker," Vancouver, B. C; C. W.
Mitchell, Revelstoke, B. C.j J. A. Robertson, Moose Jaw, Sask.; H. C. D.
Gildemeester, Mara, B. C.J L. E.Drake.
Baynes Lake, B. C; Matthew Brown,
Crawford Bay, B, C; E. Mace, Midway, B.C.; A. Gutnlck, Macleod, Alta.;
E. W. Blackstone, Regina, Sask.; and
• •   •
What about distributing a special
edition of, say, one hundred thousand'
copies of the Clarion throughout Canada about May 1st?
neighbors, send for a bundle of
"Rotmtchyt Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 emit a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man. POUR
Some people say that Socialism lays
down a law of capitalist evolution. It
does nothing of the kind. It only discovers the laws of capitalist evolution.
The Socialist doctrine has no categoric
Imperatives. It does not proclaim:
Let there be light. It simply points
out, after a close analysis of the essence and tendencies of the present
system, that there Is going to be light,
The Socialist doctrine does not, for instance, command the destruction of
the present system of marriage. It declares only that the present laws regu
latlng our social relations will chanpe
with the change of the economic basis:
The same with religion, which is
doomed to disappear..
We should preclude a great many
misunderstandings and objections by
emphasizing the fact that the Socialist doctrine merely discovers what is
going on in the evolutionary process
of our social system. The coming
stage of the working class ownership
of the means of production was with
Marx purely the result of social evolution. Some people, when dealing with
the labor theory of value, make out
that Marx said that the laborer has a
right to the whole produce of labor
Marx neither said or Implied it. He
did not use the labor theory of value
for the purpose of raising ethical or
legal questions. He used and amplified lt for the purpose of showing the
actions and tendencies of capitalism.
He never professed to know what the
world would be like under a future system or how things would be regulated
In the next order of society.
Neither can we, if we are true students of the science of Socialism. Socialism ls no future state of society;
Socialism IS now. It Ib the understanding of capitalism.
Marx has been attacked by many
stalwart opponents, particularly as to
bis theory of value, the revolutionary
part of Socialist economics, but he
remains absolutely invincible. A
worker with a good knowledge Of the
Marxian philosophy can jump a soapbox and'defy the world.
Jevons was an Oxford professor of
political economy and published a
book' on the subject ln 187L This
book created a sensation in England
and afterwards passed over to tne.
Continent and became the foundation
of the Viennese school, of which Professor Bohm Bawerke was the chief
The theory of value which Jevons propounded was really the old theory,
long discarded, that the value was determined by the ratio of supply and
demand. ,
Jevons merely gave a new name to
the old theory. The supply and demand theory was well known long before Jevons' time. Bastiat and others
bad said all that, could be said in its
favor, and nobody doubts that in exceptional circumstances things which
commonly cost little or nothing can.
acquire an extraordinary value. A.
man dying of thirst on a boat in mid-
ocean would give all be possessed for
a good drink of water, A man choking ln a mine, would give anything for
fresh air, though air has ho exchange
value whatever. .But an inquiry Into
facts of this kind is no analysis of the
general world exchange of commodities.
Marx did not analyse the exchange
of commodities under conditions of
monopoly, but under conditions of free
exchange such as prevailed In his time
and such as prevails in the main today, although the trusts are with us.
No trust- can override the laws of exchange.. Although the operations of
supply and demand or. other circumstances may have a temporary, effect
on prices, the controlling force ln determining the ratio of exchange
amongst commodities Is the quantity,
of social labor embodied In- them relatively to one another. Such is the
Marxian theory.
Jevons' theory was entirely different. He said that repeated reflection
and inquiry had led him to the opinion
that value depended entirely on utility. Long before Jevons wrote this,
Ricardo had dismissed the idea for
the absurdity it ls, and pointed out
that if utility is the measure of value
we Bhould probably give more for iron
than gold.
Jevons ls also wrong ln adhering
to the old idea that supply follows
demand. This ls not always the case.
The producers of ready clothing, for
example, anticipate the patterns and
quality of cloth and tbe cut of the
clothes that are to be worn in the following season, and thus ln a measure
supply leads demand. In a like manner builders anticipate the style and
slxe of houses people are likely to
rent or buy ln any neighborhood. The
real, estate sharks know also how to
lead demand,   .
The question of whether a commodity has any utility In it or not is always largely a social question. Bad
whisky, shoddy clothing, and adulter-
sess? We might properly describe
them as articles of disutility.'' Such
utility as they possess consists in the
fact that under present conditions
somebody will buy them. Somebody
Is willing to pay  for them.
After telling us that the value of a
commodity depends upon its utility,
Jevons goes on to say that we can
vary the utility by having more or
less of a commodity to consume and
can get more or less to consume by
spending more or less labor ln obtain
ing a supply. That means to say
that although the value of a commodi
ty depends on its final utility that
final utility depends upon the cost of
the production of the article. Professor Marshall was Jevons' most distinguished disciple, and he said that if
this were so there could be no harm
ln saying that the value of a commodity depended upon Its cost of production, but be denied that there was
any such chain of causation.
Jevons predicted that we should
soon exhaust our coal supply. This
has been ridiculously falsified. His
theory regarding the effects of-the depreciation of gold has only been partly borne out. We all know of his
sunspot cause of commercial crisis.
We perceive how puny and ignorant
Jevons was in comparison with Marx.
Professor Marshall Is a humbug and
a bore. He has stolen from Marx the
distinction between labor and labor
power, but he Is unable to make any
use of the distinction. He contributes
to the science of political economy his
theory of consumers' rent. Here it ls
in a nutshell. If you want an ounce
of tobacco so badly that you would
give ? 10 for lt and if when feeling like
that you are able to buy the tobacco
for 10 cents, then you pocket the consumers' rent of S9 and 90 cents. It
strikes the ordinary man that after
buying an ounce of tobacco under such
circumstances, when he felt in his
pocket, for the consumers' rent, he
Would feel like the wage plug felt
after hearing Dick McBride ten him
of the millions of dollars' worth of
wealth he possessed. When he felt
for it or tried to realize lt, he would
appreciate Marshall at his true value.
Bohm-Bawerke said that labor was
certainly not the most objectively Important circumstance ih regard to exchange value, and to prove this' Instanced trees, beds of coal, and virgin
soil. These things are not commodities, i.e., products of labor Intended
for exchange. They are in an entirely
different category. Their value is estimated from the point Of view of the
possibilities of the profit they will contain when developed by labor;
Bohm Bawerke never understood
Marx. He showed this when he bracketed Marx and Hegel together. No
two men could be more dlssimlllar.
Borne of Hegel's thoughts are of great
value to the cause and the race, as for
Instance that' liberty is the true
knowledge of necessity, but Hegel was
an Idealist, whereas Marx analysed society from the standpoint of material
conditions. He analysed'the forms of
production in each successive stage of
society, particularly' capitalism, In order that we might "comprehend .what
dominated the development of mankind In society and prognosticate what
was coming ln the near future. So doing Marx put the problems of life upon
their feet, whereas Hegdl had put
them oh their1 heads.
Marx taught that the' development
of society was in the main conditioned by the economic forms of the production, distribution anil exchange of
wealth. Whenever the time Was ripe
for a new period, the' forms of society
of yesterday were found fighting
against the progressive new forms of
society of today and of tomorrow.
Since the break. up of early communism this antagonism has taken tho
form of a struggle of classes. In the
old Roman system there were several
order to see -where It is likely to lead
The I. L. P. and similar organizations talk about organizing the society of the future. Mankind does not
organize either society or industry.
The capitalist class never organized
industry as it exists today, neither did
they form the society of today. It is
industry organizes itself and the material conditions that dictate what society shall be. It is the tool that organizes industry and we have no more
knowledge of the state of affairs that
will exist in the next order of society
than we have of the tools that will be
invented before we conquer political
This much we know: We are face
to face as a class with starvation because another class uses the wealth
that we create to reduce us to deeper
and deeper poverty. We must conquer the political powers of the state
or perish, because it is by means of
this power and by that alone that the
capitalist class hold us In slavery.
That power in our possession, the
means of production will be torn from
the hands of the capitalist class and
become our property. Then wage slavery ceases and the wealth which the
worker creates wlll be under his control.
The spirit of Revolt is here born
and bred by the economic conditions
of the time. We are glad to see it, we
who understand foster it and must
continue to do so until it bursts forth
into a revolutionary flame and sweeps
away this damnable system of capitalism for ever. LESTOR.
stratifications of society, all at war
with one another. It was the same
during the feudal period. But today
this Is being simplified Into one antagonism between the capitalist class,
who own the means of production, and
live on profit, and the proletarians who
own nothing but their labor power
which they are bound to sell to the
capitalist class in order to live.
The means of production are not
private property. They are the property of a class. No Individual capitalist can put his hand on any part of
the  means  of    production  and  say: '
Occasionally there falls from the
lips of some tried and trusty henchman of capitalism a statement that
is to a Socialist as "manna to the
hungry soul." We know these Liberal
and Conservative politicians conceive
our position to be "fundamentally
Incorrect." We do not expect them to
Agree with us. Why should they?
They have everything to lose from
Socialism; while we have everything
to gain. When, therefore through inadvertence, or native imbecility, they
make an assertion which supports the
Socialist position, naturally it adds
greater weight to our argument than
our own words. We have always contended that unemployment ls a necessary condition of capitalism. Indeed,
the employing class cannot secure the
full benefits of capitalism, without
this reserve army of unemployed; for
when the demand for labor Ib greater
than the supply, wages rise and profits
fall. Moreover, the laborer does not
feel so constrained to exert his powers to the uttermost limit, when there
is no hungry horde besieging the factory gates with fleshless arms upraised, eager to be given the chance to
take away his job. This argument has
always been bitterly assailed by the
orthodox defenders of capitalism.
They say, these, hirelings of,, capital,
.that.the condition of the working class
continually tends to improve,, that
wages. Increase in direct ratio to the
Increased productivity of human effort. This is a beautiful theory. It
has only one drawback. It is absolutely at variance with the facts.
Wherever labor is most productive and
efficient, there poverty and unemployment reach the high water mark-
London, Chicago, NOw York.
So It is refreshing to read that Mr.
Balfour also thinks there IS little of
better things for the working class
under this present system. Mr. Balfour. Is reported' as saying:
He had never said that any arrangement as to tariffs was going to
abolish unemployment altogether. Indeed, on more than one occasion he
had done hs best to warn his hearers
that expectations of that sort from
his party or any party were exaggerated.
"He did not know whether It was
possible to destroy unemployment altogether, but certainly no arrangements about the employment of capital or the starting of new works could
touch the unemployable. He hoped,
however, that they would do a lot of
good to employment."
Mr. Balfour does not know whether
It ls possible to abolish unemployment. But we know, we Soclalsts.
We know that it is Impossible to abolish unemployment/ and still yield enormous revenues to capital. What Mr.
Balfour meant, and would have said,
"This Is mine,
The analysis by Marx of capitalist
society holds the field today and is
at the present moment the basis of
every Socialist Party of a really serious character in every country where
a Socialist movement exists.
Today In every country competition
is developing into monopoly. The
trusts are In Europe as well as the
States. The trust is an economic advance because' It gets rid of Unnecessary  costs.    Socialists  never  try 'to
ited food.   What utility dp they pos-jstop the development   We study lt ln
°est im b
had he been an honest man, la that
unemployment cannot be removed
without endangering those fortunes he
Ib pledged to defend. Mr. Balfour
means what Winston Churchill meant,
7<fcju he said, "The solution of the
unemployed problem would mean a
social revolution." Verily, it means a
revolution. When the means of life
are locked up in the hands of the
few, and are allowed to be brought
Into use, only as their use yields profit, it Is not beside the mark to say
that this state of affairs can only be
remedied by a revolution.
For, look you, working man. Here
are vast natural resources, untapped,
capable of supplying the heeds ot millions of people. Bttt they are held
out of use while people Starve. Here
are machines; and here ls Inventive
genius, waiting to be applied to the
storehouse of nature.
But it may not be so appUed.   For
the mass of wealth twhlch' canhbt be
consumed Is already so great that pro^
ductlon must cease awhile till it
dwindles a little. Where is the logic;
where, then, Is the sanity of capitalism, when under its sway people
starve, while food rots in the granaries. This occurs because no one
will buy this wealth, at such a figure
as to yield a profit to Its owners.
A moment's consideration will show
you how this occurs. A workingman
ls allowed to continue working only so
long as he can create a profit for
bis muster. Let us state the proposition mathematically. Let 2 be the
wages a workingman receives for one
day's labor. (These wages, by the
way, are determined, not by the value
of the product, but by tbe cost of
the worker's subsistence.) Let 10 be
the value ln exchange of his dally
product. It is Immediately apparent
that 8 represents a value which he
does not get. Call the figures money.
Two dollars will not buy a value equivalent to ten dollars. Therefore the
employer must dispose of eight dollars worth of wealth elsewhere. Un
der no circumstance can the working
class consume any portion of the total wealth produced, exceeding that
portion which is covered by their
wages. These, being in many countries, less than a fifth of the total
created value, leave unconsumed an
enormous amount of surplus wealth,
This, today, is largely disposed of
in foreign countries. We can show
how these available foreign markets
are constantly becoming more circumscribed; so that tbe time is rapidly approaching when no more surplus
value can be got rid of in that way,
I have not time to go into this fully
now. The point is: how much longer
are you workingmen going to tolerate
a system of production that only allows you a living when profit can be
wrung out of your hide by a few idle
parasites. How much longer wiii you
sit tamely by, and see tbe whole earth
gobbled up by these insatiable profit
mongers. Soon not a corner of the
earth wlll be free from the blighting
and corroding Influence of capitalism.
Is it not ridiculous ln the extreme to
allow men, women and children to die
of hunger, when nature is willing'and
eager to grant them a full and rich
life for quite a moderate expenditure
of effort. How many hdurs a day,
think you, it would take to feed the
world, were every man a wealth producer; were those hordes of butchers
they call defenders of the empire, released from their soul-destroying task,
and set to useful and productve labor?
Yet not even the misery, crime and
filth in which the lower ranks of the
workers are so deeply immersed, wherever capital ls king, afford as pitiable-
an example of the depths men may
sink to, as the expression of serene
contentment with his condition, which
radiates from the visage of the average' wage-slave, when bis oats are
forthcoming with tolerable regularity,
and he has the temporary loan,of a
"Job." It Is as If the slave instinct of
servility were bo Incorporated into the'
very soul of some workingmen, as to
Imbue them with the absolute conviction that Almighty God created them
for no purpose but that they might
minister to the needs of their "betters." Ab Bob Edwards says In the
"Eye Qpener," the rejoicing of the tenants and agricultural laborers on Lord
Vernon's estate, at the occasion of the
noble lord's attaining his majority. Is
a rello of feudalism. Under feudalism
a man might lose his head If he failed
to "rejoice" when some particularly
large plum was about to drop Into hist
master's mouth, it is true that ln
Canada the slave instinct does not:
manifest itself so openly and unashamed, as in older countries where capital
has longer reigned. Yet who has not
seen the pale-faced bookkeeper leap to
attention with a straightening ot his
rounded shoulders, when the lord of
bis job appears. "Look out. Here's
the boss." The pity of it. When one
man cringes before another man, made
as he is made, of the same Stardust,
actuated by the same motives; debased by the same passions.
Not only so, but we like it, some of
us. It Is but for a little while; soon
we shall be bosses, we say. Then we,
too, will stamp around, filling menials
with awe. Baseless fabric of a madman's dream. Lie that none but a
fool would believe. All the competitors cannot win the race. "Any one
might; one only can."—(George.)
But we can all be free just so soon
as we wish to be free. We alone can
break our chains.
A. PERCt CHEW, in The Voice,
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the
reins of government all tbe powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights In the means ot wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and- to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
itself free from cs-rttalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery ot the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth, production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of (tbe working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of the
working class.
S. The democratic organization and- management of industry
by the workers.
8.   The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production tor
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and every-
where until the present system to abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers In
their class struggle against capitalism? If it wlU the Socialist
Party is for lt; If it will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledgee
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its hands In such
a manner aa to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
..^■Am2.ng Socialists and other independent thinkers, this great library ia
superseding encyclopedias, histories and all'snoh second-hand Information. It
rt^-Ej^'ilf.'^ .hi8iSr£.,0*' c'yNt-*flor,, reveals 'tSnakid'truth an"
ft£wu why Socialism ls inevitable. It annihilates the argument* of Capital*-
Istlc writers who deliberately misrepresent for the purpose of keeping the
S^H,?"o°-1 tlie SriSi!0?™' 5?onomio8, Evolution, Education, Philosophy, 8o-
h«j2^'«^Sln/e>IV^hol?gy',Re.1ilHotl.^a,a'1 ■•*<*» °t thought, the Ideas that
have InOueijoed.clvJllMLtlon In the original words of thef master thinkers and
sE£!R.tig'"ff' ,'rom«Thale&. p."*t0„\ Aristotle, Socrates through to Darwin,
Sttfl£Sr'i.'nH2XIw' -MM ?f«e,S' Haeckel,-etc;, Ten large de luxe volumes
?S2r*£iffl RW wh,'.te <-eci?le ed«.e Paper, one. full hundred page photogravures, gotfl title'and'toper bound in rich- seal-brown Art Vellum. • -
Says Freeman Knowles, Editor of "The Lantern" (Soolallst). Viator L.
?2?S, *iy?A ,M'i'.J*1T.tf th« "/-ofi*1 -^.-nojratlc Herald.," No Socialist
£Ki,£?ord.r-S 58 wlthout this great library." All leading Socialist wrltttrs.
editors and lecturers use and conmmend this great library—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Arthur M, Lewis, A. H. Simons, and literally thousands
of the comrades, farmers, miners, ranchmen mechanics and business arid pre*'
reesional1 IBSni '
oWM. A.,KSAOl>?JH^apB.Mti
Looals could not make a better investment than a set of these books."
A   ...
--     -      -     i'w*
Local): '"I" am a MoTMafyiTL
Mkm EeW^ife
my life."
ART|r-Jli M. LEWIS (Lecturer
Scientific Socialism):   "I regard lt as
liffi   m'",t   v*lu*b-*   P»r*   «t   my
10 FORD.(Sec.Am. Assn. of Masters, Mate* and Pilots, Paducah,
teli&tBtf&J.n#rte* * oo-rt'-rewrra-
thanks; the greatest addition I ever
made to my library."
WALTER LOHRENTZ (Sec. Longshoremen's Union, Seattle, Wash.):
"A boon to the Working class Who
have neither time nor money to se-
cuIe»A unlysff'ty education?'
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist lecturer): "I have longingly desired such
a work for years. A Service to civilisation."
-   nail, nan xo-bat.
University Research Etenslon,
Mllwakee, u. 6. A.
Please send me review articles by Simons, Berger and others, and tell
me bow I can get the ten volumes library on a co-operative basis.   No obligation Involved By this request. «»"■•
Name    '.',	
A school teacher for Gibson's Landing  school,   male
preferred.     Duties  to commence after Christmas holidays.   Apply aUting qualifications and experience to
J*e. neteHer,
" ■ Sec; school board
Gibson's Landing, B.C.
Teacher, W«m-.»«i
For   Squamish school.    Salary $60
per month.   Apply to
H. JUDD, See.
Brackendale, B. C.
qifyow would like to spend less time in yorn1 kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look late the question of
doing yonr cooking with • Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address, to oar office end we will send a nan
to fflfssmt font piwnstees uA tree -yen aa csttarisof cost of
totalling the gse prpw,
ii ■■"
,^,^-if.,. -v    ,_,/
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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