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Western Clarion Jun 22, 1912

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•*«-*. ■ *
NUMBtfi 673
Subscription Price  *k|
PKR YEAR       91
As Disclosed By a Careful Study of the Growth and
Development of Human Society.
Man is the product of his environment. When the environment was a
natural one only, man was a naked
and an almost brainless savage. Because of physical weakness, compared
ith most other animals, the necessity
for mutual aid was one of the first lessons learned. This enforced associ-
aton and the necessity for communication was the reason and the cause
of the flrst vocal sounds, growing, finally, into language and, next picture
writing, culminating in script. These
same necessities acted and interacted
on the brain development and, once
started on the road,, man outdistanced
all other animals In growth of Intelligence and brain capacity. In this
way man reacts on this environment,
modifying and altering It, as compelled
so to do, by his necessities. Under the
term environment ls included heredity, the sum of all past environments,
or, ln other words, a record of all past
developments indelllbly fixed in the
latest -of the species, but the characteristics of the parents appearing
in no particular order. For the satisfaction of his primeval wants the necessity of tools led to Invention. These
wants gratified lead to others in the
course of the upward development requiring still more Invention, so that
man's progress can be traced along
tbe lines of technique. But no tool,
no machine, no process such as smelting iron or weaving of cloth, no idea
even, ever was Invented or discovered
-until the necessity for such was irresistibly pressing upon mankind. Nor
did theBe inventions come spontaneously, but only after long preparation,
many and successive failures. They
were born in the bullnesB of time only,
and after all obstacles and difficulties
had been overcome. Sometimes these
obstacles proved insurmountable and
a people remained frozen for long periods at one stage of development, accumulating experience, gathering force
for another epoch of advancement
Sometimes retrogression occurred and
nations and races perished. The discovery of processes and the invention
of tools and machines led to the subdivision of labor, which, in turn, divided the people into classes. This
gave rise to privilege "and it was to fix
the status, to defend the privileges and
to perpetuate the Inequalities of class
society that the state was brought into
being. So the history of our so-called
civilization Is merely the history of
dominant classes enforcing their will
on the lower classes through the in-
railway corporation, and feels rather
proud of his acquisition, instead of
being ashamed of bis act, as his grandfather would have been, it simply
means that the present generation is
insensibly altering the mental attitude
towards the institution of property and
thus preparing the ground for the last
and great revolution, which will abolish classes and the necessity of the
class state. Before every great revolution of the past there has been observed a similar relaxing of moral
standards and after every such revolution a reconstruction period and a
strengthening of the standards to harmonize with the altered relations. At
the same .time, could we presuppose
the perpetuation of the capitalist system for say two hundred years more,
at the present rate of moral degeneration, we would become a race of human tigers, social "rattlesnakes or animated skunks long before the end of
the accursed system. Degeneration is
now going on rapidly at both ends of
the social fabric. The poor are becoming unfit physiaclly, morally and mentally, while the life led by the rich is
leaving them a race of neurotics.
The yearly, even daily, display of
the growing antagonisms between the
workers and the great capitalist corporations is an unfailing sign that
Boon this nightmare of horror and
tragedy ot failure, known as the capitalist syBtem, will be rotten-ripe for
the last and greatest of all the class
revolutions, which will forever emancipate society from the rule of inequality
and privileged classes under the guise
of the state. When society thus becomes free from this incubus which
had its origin in decaying barbarism,
it will soon cure its moral and social
ills by harmonizing these institutions
with a sane Bystem of wealth production and distribution.
This will be the subject for debate
to be held after the business meeting
of Local Vancouver 69 is over. The
local comrades intend to take up the
S. P. of C. platform and debate on it
clause by clause every week. The debate will commence 8:45 every Friday
in room 206 of the Labor Temple.
Everybody welcome.
To combat the   decreasing popula-
on me «*w*-r «--«--. „™"   r ™   tion the municipal council of    Paris
strumentallty of the modern state.   As ^^ ^ ^^ mmm ,n bulldJ
changes took place in the system ot
wealth production, a previously Inferior and weak class would gradually
grow ln wealth and influence and powerful antagonisms would be generated,
resulting in social unrest and upheaval .until the old order was overturned
and the new class admitted to participation in government, that is, in the
control of state to perpetuate their
privileges to rob. Hence it is that
wherever, progress is, it is invariably
accompanied by unrest, upheaval Bnd
|V revolution and the students of history now tell ub that progress comes
through social antagonisms.' This gives
us the key to all the political movements and revolutions of oar own and
past days, and the violence of the an-:wm be discouraged,
tagonisms engendered can be taken to
mark the extent of the progress of
some class hitherto easily suppressed.
Man is a complex animal, and lt can
easily be conceived that a society
might be making material progress,
economically, and at the same time be
standing still socially and morally, or
.  even retrogressing.   At the present
'      .,    ..      ,_    ..    Annnnm1/.   UVa'oTTl    hllRed    On
lng economical houseB. The plan ls to
reserve these houses, which are to be
up-to-date, for large families who will
pay rent according to the number of
At least half of these homes will be
■et aside for families of three or more
children* A four-room flat will cost
|80 a year, while three-room flats will
rent at $66 and .tworroom flats at $45.
There will be a reduction of one-fourth
of this sum to families having more
than three children.
All sorts of further advantages are
being planned in proportion to the
number of children in a family, and in
this way it is hoped that race suicide
"What do we want for women?"
We want a system of society so organized that when any mother goes
down into the valley of death to bring
forth a new life she will be surrounded with every comfort, luxury and convenience possible in this civilization.
There shall be. in attendance the most
scientific physicians and the most
skilled surgery that human anatomical
philosophy has been able to produce,
to the end that the child may be perfectly born.
The care and environment of the
mother in the past shall have been
such that in the new life tbere may
be inherited no physical, mental or
moral deficiencies.
She shall be in a position to give
her yonng a constant and tender mother's care, not until, but long after, they
have arrived at tho age of entry into
the great institutions of learning,
which shall be thc most exhaustive
known to educational science, to the
end that the boy or girl may become
the most useful factors possible in a
future generation.
She shall have the pleasure of knowing that when her son shall have
Brown to manhood he shall have the
untrammeled opportunity to do honest
labor and receive the full product of
his toil.
That her daughter shall be the recipient of a mother's reward from society sufficient to amply provide her
with a livelihood so that the storms
upon the sea of life may not drive her
into the arms of a man whom she dislikes  for economic protection.
And lastly, she shall be consoled
with a mother's greatest satisfaction
—that fatherhood and motherhood
may be entered into by her children
Winnipeg socialists are earnestly re
quested to give a hand In the distribution of leaflets which takes place every
Sunday morning at 10:30 from th'
headquarters at 5281-2 Main Street,
room 2. We need the help of a least
a dozen slaves to take part ln their
emancipation. Winnipegers are ready
for the dope if you will only make it
possible for them to read it.
The Sollaalist** party is an educational party, and it's up to the members td do the educating. Let us have
no more of this leaving it to the other
fellow; let ub get busy ourselves and
we will be surprised at the result.
Why be scared of losing your Job?
It is better to be a fighter than to
stand idly by allowing the master class
to do as they like with your class.
From now on the Socialist party oi
Canada will need fighters, and if you
can show your ability as a fighter we
will try and use you if your boss re
fuses to use your labor power.
Now then, we want to Increase our
bundle of leaflets. We want to , put
a piece of literature Into the handB of
every wage plug ln this city.
We want to make Socialism an Issue
in this city by the next election. We
can do It with your help.
Don't leave it to the other fellow.
Be on hand Sunday morning.
Socialism will not be a dead issue
in Canada next election if you grab at
the opportunity to get ten new readers
at ten cents apiece.
When you send in that bunch of
new subs see that you have the correct name and address and also make
with as great comfort and security as I sure that we can easily decipher the
with her. 'name and address.
The Worker and the Machine
time, in an economic system based on
capitalism, it looks as it moral and
social standards were rapidly loosing
the firm fibre of our forefathers. The
morals of any society are the standards fixed by the ruling' classes and if
a farmer or laborer appropriate a saw,
a wrench or a shovel, the legitimate or
legal ownership of which vests ln a
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre
Experience seems to Bhow that
"Language" organizations are not a
success. While our foreign comrades
were individually members of the
party, it was possible to educate a
large number to the futility of begging
western capitalism for reforms. But(
as separate locals they seem to cling
to the Ideas formed by the backward
condition of capitalism in their home
countries. As such they are ever a
source of weakness to the Socialist
Party, which, however, is now being
gradually removed by their elimination. The Idea that slavery can be
reformed seems to fool many good
people into walking backward.
_SL r— ♦
The capitalist class are very anxious
that working men and women shall
not join the Socialist Party. Hence
we have reform, progressive and other
people's parties.
The capitalists through their prostitute press are always telling us that
there Is work for all who want* it. As
the capitalist .never works, it must be
taken as a sign that he knows better.
He leaves all the dignity of labor for
his slaves, ■
In making bread boxes, three workers can do the work of thirteen box-
makers by the old methods.
In leather manufacture, modern
methods have reduced the necessary
number of workers from five to fifty
per cent.
A carpet measuring and brushing
machine with one operator, will do
the work of fifteen men by the old
In the manufacture of flour, modern
Improvements save 75 per cent of the
manual labor that once waB necessary.
By the use of coal mining machines
160 miners can mine as much coal in
the same time as 500 miners by the old
Ono boy, by machinery, in turning
wood work and materials for musical
instruments, performs the work of
twenty-five men by the old methods.
In the manufacture of boots and
shoes, the work of 500 operatives is
now done by 100—a displacement of
wage earners of 80 per cent—by aid
of machinery.
In the cotton mills in the United
States, the manual labor has been reduced about 60 per cent. Now one
weaver manages from two Mo ten
looms, where one loom was formerly
tended by one worker.
In the manufacture of brick, im
proved devices save one-tenth qf the
labor; and in the manufacture of fire
brick, 40 per cent of the manual labor is displaced.
In the- manufacture of agricultural
Implements, 600 operatives, with machinery, including 18 classes of wage
earners, do the work of 2,145 wage
earners, without machinery, displacing 1,545 workers.
The introduction of, machinery in
the manufacture of' children's shoes,
during the last thirty years, has displaced six times the manual labor now
required, and the product of manufacture has been reduced 50 per cent
to the consumer.
In the manufacture of wall paper,
one worker, by the aid of machinery,
does the work of 100 workera by manual labor; and ln cutting and drying
paper by machinery, four men and bIx
girls do the work of 100 operators by
old methods.
In manufacturing gun stocks, one
man, by manual labor, was able to
turn and flt one gun stock in one day
of ten hours, while three men by a
division of labor and the use of machinery, can turn and flt 125 to 150
gun stocks in ten hours. This displaces the work of forty-four to forty
nine wage workers.
Do you know what this means for
the worker, this constant, this almost
miraculous improvement in machln
ery? When thousands of men are
displaced by the Installment of a new
Showing Political Action By Working Class Is Only
Means to Break the Bonds of Wage Servitude.
machinery in a factory, it means thousands of men out of work, thousands
of men tramping the streets looking
for work. Thousands of men lengthening the bread lines of our great industrial centers.
And thousands of men out of work
and clamoring for a job means the
lowering of wages for those who still
hold their jobs, because competition
always cuts down wages.
The Invention and Improvement of
machinery today means hunger and
misery for great armies of working
men and women.
And yet the machines are not to
blame. It ls the private ownership of
the machines that is to blame. The
factory owner is in business for profits.
He puts in an improved machine that
does the work of a hundred skilled
workmen and can be operated by unskilled workmen. He saves the wages
of the former and cuts down the
wages of the latter. He is "making
money." That is what he ls ln business for.
This is what they would do: They
would cut down the hours of labor
bo that all could work, and they would
share equally, according to the amount
of labor, the increased product of the
machine. With the hours of labor cut
to the minimum, and a proportional
distribution of the increased product,
tbe machines would, Instead of making slaves and beggars of the workers, become their servants, doing their
work for them, and securing a better
living for them.
Now, the question Is: Why don't you
working men and women OWN the
factories and the machines? ' Why
don't you turn them to YOUR good?
Why do you permit yourselves to re
main slaves to them and their few
profit-making owners?
The Socialist party stands for the
collective ownership of the machines
of production. The Socialist party says
that the workers shall own the tools
they work with. The Socialist party
is pre-eminently a working class party. It is the only party through which
the worker can gain control of the
means of life. The only party that
will free him from slavery and give
him the right to life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness.
The Socialist party ls also an organization of thinkers. Not until the
workingmen and women THINK can
they be free.
it is to their Interest, then, first, to
know of the existence of such a party,
then to rend Its literature and learn
ItB meaning, and, finally, to join Its
ranks nnd vote Its ticket,
When thc majority of tho workers
have done this, the machines, which
have come to serve the people and not
to enslave them, will be thelra.
—The Progressive Woman.
The world today ie seething with unrest. No matter at what country we
look the fact Is obvious that the
world's workerB are discontented with
their lot. In the United States, England, Germany and even ln "prosperous" Canada strikes and lockouts are
of frequent occurrence. Nor is this
a matter of wonder to those who understand the conditions of labor and
the economic structure of the society
of today.
This economic structure we will now
briefly examine and endeavor to point
out the position of the workers, organized and unorganized, in present day
society. In the course of our examination we shall have occasion to point
out the limitations of organize labor
and hope that labor leaders and others
will not imagine that we are attacking
their "interests."
In examining any subject from a scientific standpoint it is always necessary to bear in mind the fact' that
to every law there are exceptions.
Science takes a large number of facts
having the same general nature,
groups them Into one general idea, so
to speak, and from their general nature deduces a "general law." Having
once arrived at this "general law," the
other, and seemingly contradictory
facts, are then examined to see If they
Bhow any signs of being subject to
the "general law."
As an example let us take the law
ot gravitation. This law is that "all
bodies will fall to the earth at the
same speed," and when we try the experiment with such bodies as Iron,
stone, wood, coats and boots, etc., we
flnd that this Is true. When, however
we try It with a feather, we observe
that this body falls more slowly and,
finally, gas does not fall at all but
rises. Do we, then, say that the law
of gravitation Is not true. Not ln the
least, but look deeper for the causes,
and find that it ls only because the
gas ls lighter than air that it rises.
And we can deduce from a simple experiment that the gas is subject to
the law of gravitation. Suppose that
in a glass we have placed some oil and
then put water into the glass. The oil
will rise to the top of the water and
it is the same with the gas, it simply
rises to that position in the air,where
its weight ls equal to the air.
All this does no: appear to have
much bearing upon the economic
structure of society, but it was necessary to show that scientific examination can leave out certain facts and
arrive at a true conclusion without
any danger of being trapped, provided
it assembles the broadest group of
facts and from them deduces the "general law."
We will now dive Into the subject
by stating that present day society is
based upon selling and buying. ThlB
is patent to all, as also is the fact
that we workers huve nothing to sell
except pur labor power. If it were
not so then we would not be workers, for no one would work, as the
word Is commonly UBed, If he could
get a living by other means.
The law which governs buying and
selling Is known as "supply and demands," and works In the following
manner: If the supply Is greater than
the demand, In other words, If there
are more goods to he sold than there
are people who wlll buy, then tho
price will fall. On the other hand, If
demand exceedB supply, or when more
people want to buy than there are
goods to be sold, then the price will
price on account of the ignorance of
the buyer, or vice versa. These facta
bear the same relation to the law of
value as did the gas to tha law of
Now that we understand tbe manner
in which supply and demand operate
and tbelr relation to the law of value
we are able to proceed to the principal
object of our investigations, namely,
"Ia*Jor power."
At the risk of being tedious we will
state what has been so often explained, that labor power exchanges
at its value. That is to say, we get
only enough to keep muscles in good
working condition and bring up two
or three little slaves to take our place
wben we die or are cast upon the
scrap heap of unemployables. To '
those who judge the world from the
jottings in the capitalist press and
from the writings and saying of trades
unionists, or even from their own limited experiences, the truth of the
above statement ls not apparent. The
capitalist press would bave us believe
tbat the workers are well to do and
that those who are poor have become
so because they spent too much; the
trades unionists endeavor to tell us
that we can raise our wages by combining together; those who judge
things from their own circumstances
have usually been fortunate ln their
Jobs and very limited in their expenditure and are, therefore, limited In
their knowledge, lack of. physical
wants bringing in its train a lack of
mental development.
With the first and last we may have
occasion to deal at some future date,
but for the present we are only concerned with trades unions and organized labor of every kind. We realize
also that we aro treading upon dangerous ground, not because what is
said here is not generally known, but
because we are stating a truth aud
that Ib often very bitter. However,
we will mix a little sugar with the
pill that lt may the more easily be
The advocates of trades unionism
tell us that, by combined action, we
can raise our wages, shorten hours
and better our conditions, both at
home and on the job. In order to be
clear we must examine these phrases.
The money that we get at the end
of the week or month Is not our
wages. When we are getting a certain
amount of money, say two dollars a
day, with which we can buy a given
amount of the necessaries of life, so
much for rent, a certain size house,
and spend a little on tobacco and
whiskey, we then have a definite wage.
But if the price of any of these things
rise and our money remains the same,
then our wages have fallen. On the
other hand if the prices fall, then our
wageB have risen—a very exceptional
occurrence. This shows us that our
money is only wages In relation to
what It will buy. It also reveals something else. Better conditions on the
job or at home or shorter hours are
Increases In wages. Since that is tbe
case we can combine the statements
of the union advocates and need merely examine the question of wages In
relation to supply and demand and
the law of value.
Before going further with the Inquiry It must be stated that profits
ure the difference between the money
paid the laborers and the price ob-
talnd for the product. That being the
case, an increase or donrease in the
price of labor power means less or
To borrow an Illustration from Karl, morc Proflt t0 the employer, other con-
Marx, supply and demand are like the. ultlons remaining the same,
two sides of a  scale,  because  they      Now let us look at the general re-
swing above and below a central point. I suit of an Inorease In the price of la-
This central point Ib known as value, j bor.    To avoid repeating further on
The combined action of supply and we will assume that the laborers have
demand govern prices and are always gone on strike, and, after being out of
tending to bring prices to the level of I work for a period, have gained an in-
value. The measurement of value Is j crease In money. What effect has
"the amount of social labor time nee-! '"Is had upon the working class?   Let
essary to reproduce the article or ar
tides under consideration."
In  selling anything the seller  will
it he remembered that we aro not
dealing merely with sections of workers, but the working clase, not mere-
always try to get as high a price as j ly with the working class of one conn-
he can; tho buyer wlll try to buy as'try. but with the working class of tho
cheaply as he can, bo that without world. One section of the workers
considering the state or the market we ,loes not Interest or concern us, he-
may say that things will exchange at, cause one section cannot help Ul,
their value on the :i\erage. Reference' We Baw above Hint an increase of
to the Illustration of gravitation will} money mean a reduction of profits,
show that wo can; without danger of I Then our capitalist friends who havo
error, leave out of consideration tho Just given a rise to their workers have
action of supply and demand as nlso less profits; hence they must spend
we are not wrong In omitting to regard less. It follows from this that work-
the case of the seller getting a higher (Continued on page three) ~ PAGE TWO
JUNE 22, 1912.
Published every Saturday by thc Socialist Party ot Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
•1.00 Ter  Year,  SO  cents  tor  Six  Months,
25 cents for Three Months.
Strictly   in  Advance.
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at not Joss than   three months,  at the rate
at  one  cent   per  copy per  issue.
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In making remittance by cheque, ex-
•banco must be added. Address all communications and make all money orders
payable to
Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St., Vancouver,
B. C.
tCJA— Watch the label on your paper. If
vf *r this number is on it, your subscription   expires   the  next  issue.
SATURDAY, JUNE 22,  1912.
Never was the productive power ol
human labor so great as at present.
Never was it such an easy matter to
.provide, ample of the necessaries of
life to satisfy the material needs of
all than now. The growth and development of the tools of industry down
through the ages and the ultimate harnessing of nature's forces to furnish
the motive power to operate them' has
resulted in bringing forth such an
enormous volume of wealth that the
markets of the world are fairly surfeited and glutted therewith.
Modern implements of industry
have so enormously increased the
productive power of labor over that
of the remote past that it has long
since become impossible to afford continuous employment to all who are
forced to depend upon the sale of
their labor-power for their sustenance.
There is, consequently, an army of unemployed workmen in the market, an
army that is continually growing in
numbers and becoming each day a
more threatening menace to the security of those workmen who are still
in employment, lt is unnecessary to
point out the depressing influence the
presence of this mass of unemployed
must have upon wages. This is felt
by the workers ln all lineB of industry, and in spite of the most heroic
efforts they are unable to prevent the
general downward trend.
In spite of the most prolific wealth
production the world has ever known,
poverty and discontent was never
more widespread than now. Never
were strikes and other evidences of
Industrial misery and discontent
among the workers more frequent, or
of greater magnitude, than at present.
Never were more energetic and unscrupulous measures resorted to by a
ruling class to hold its slaves in continued subjection than are being used
during these days of most glorious
The social horizon is replete with
signs and portents of a rapidly approaching change that must be most
sweeplngly revolutionary in character if humanity is to rid itself of the
incubus that now presses it down into
the swamp of poverty and wretchedness in the very presence of the plen-
titude of wealth its working class
brings forth. That incubus is the
present form of ownership, and con
trol of the means of production—land
and machinery—and the consequent
control of the products of labor. In
other words,%e rule of capital.
Upon every hand Ib to be found evidence of a significant awakening
among the world'B toilers. Industrial
misery is forcing the issue. It reflects
Itself not only in the strike and
boycott, but In a political revulsion
against the rule of capital that presages disaster to the present ruling
class in its rapine and robbery of
There can he no peace In human
society until the working class arises
to the mastery of its own means of
life. The shackles of slavery to capital must be broken and Its brutal exploitation of labor brought to an end.
' It ls the workins class that must do
the job for it is the only portion of
human society that has an Interest in
bo doing. The balance of human society fattens and battens upon the
enslavement and conseuent degradation of the workers and will use every
effort to prolong Its existence by retaining its right to rule and rob.
Let the change come peacefully, If
lt will, but swift and sweeping if it
must. Whatever it may cost the working class will have to pay and the
signs and ftortents bashing along the
horizon strongly Indicate that payment will be made In coin that Is red,
and drawn from Its own velnB. In
fact, the working clasB ls now paying, and has always paid, for its own
slavery ln the Bame coin—Its Ufa
The change will come. All signs
point to Its near and rapid approach.
Let It come.
For Consideration by Socialist Party
Members and Readers of the
Western Clarion in General.
The Western Clarion is the official
organ of the Socialist Party of Canada. It is at present under the direct
control of the Dominion Executive.
Unless the revenue is considerably in-
oreased in the near future the Committee will find itself unab)e to finance
the paper and it is only a matter of
time until it will be forced to suspend
publication. In order that the Clarion
readers, and more especially the party
members, may understand the situation, a clear statement of the facts of
the case becomes necessary. In stating these facts I wish it distinctly understood that it is extremely distasteful to me to mention my peronal connection with the publication of the paper, and I only do so for the reason
that It IB-imperative in order that matters may be made plan and understandable.
The Socialist Party of Canada possesses no printing plant of its own. It
is therefore compelled to obtain its
printing from some job shop. The
weekly issue of the Clarion is at present from 4,500 to 5,000 copies. This
would cost in any shop in Western
Canada about $85, with a charge of
about $7.50 for each additional thousand copies that might be required.
In addition to this must be added the
cost of maintaining the mail list and
mailing the paper, 1. e., wrapping, addressing, etc. This would amount to
approximately $15.00 per issue, making the total cost of printing and making ready to be turned into the post
office, $100 per issue. The most I have
ever received for publishing the Clarion has been $60 per issue and that
has been only for the last five months
I have never yet received a penny
for the mail list and mailing during
the seven and a half years since I took
up its publication. To say nothing of
the cost of mailing, the average loss
per month upon the publication of the
Western Clarion since January, 1905,
has been over $100. If the mail list
was added this amount would be increased by at least another $40 per
To meet this shortage has required
the earnings from a volume of job
work turned out by the shop that is
by no means small, as well as an experience in "frenzied financing" that
has been far from pleasant. Having
had enough of it, I was forced to notify the Dominion Executive Committee
that from July 1st of this year I should
continue to print the Clarion only at
the figure determined by the Vancouver Printing Board of Trade. As already stated this would be about $85
per issue at the present circulation,
The revenue of the paper is not sufficient to cover the cost. It could
easily be made to cover it if a little
energy were expended by the party
members and others interested ln extending its circulation. That is the
only sort of assistance asked for. It is
the only kind that is any good. Two
or three thousand added to the circulation would go a long way towards mak.
ing the pathway easy for those responsible for its continued publication,
This should be immediately provided
for by the purchase of sub cards at
the prices stated elsewhere in this issue, or by new subs at the regular
It ought not to be necessary to urge
upon the membership activity in this
matter. It should be forthcoming voluntarily and would be if we were at
all alive to the importance of main-
taining the only means of carrying
on effective propaganda that is possible in this land of magnificent distances at present.
Another thing worthy of mention is
that something like $300 of unpaid accounts are to be found upon the Clarion books. It does not particularly
lighten the burden of financing by allowing these accounts to remain unpaid. The Dominion Executive Is not
so flush with funds as to be able to
carry a lot of accounts indefinitely.
Thoy should be paid up promptly. It
Is Just as easy to do so as to let them
drag along, ln fact, It would save
both expense and annoyance If all advertising, bundle and leaflet orders
were paid In advance.
If you wish the Clarion to continue
publication get busy and do something
substantial in the way of getting subs.
The sooner you do It the better.
near this In mind: that I am maki-
Ing no appeal to you. It Is up to you
to do as you will. I merely give you
thlB brief statement of facts and that,
too, without sanction of the Dominion
Executive Committee, or any one else.
Whatever you do wlll be perfectly
satisfactory to me and I hope equally
so to yourselves. Por my part, however, I would rather fight than lay
down. E. T.  KINGSLEY.
We have a few leaflets left of Nos.
6 7 8, 9 and 10. Let us send some
of you fellows living in those small
towns some. They will only cost you
twenty cents a hundred. Make way
for the revolution.
St. Petersburg, June 10.—Who Is
the world's greatest liquor saloon
keeper? I do not mean the best known
figure In the throat irritation busi-
"Mr. Dooley" is an easy first
in that galley. But considered from
the viewpoint of rank and dignity in
the philosopher of the Archley Road
is a bad second to Nicholas II., Czar
of All the Russians, and despotic ruler of more than a hundred and sixty
million subjects.
Nicholas Is not the only man of
highest rank ever employed in the lucrative trade, but owns a larger number of wine storesd and spirit saloons
than any other Individual In the universe. He has over 30,000 kabaks—
Russian for drinking Baloon—has complete control of 4,000 spirit factories
and distilleries, and rakes in a yearly
total of between $306,000,000 and
$400,000000 by selling vodka to the
dutiful soakers of his realm.
He Is the real liquor king—unique
in the history of the civilized world
The latest statistics prove that the
Czar's vodka revenue of 1910 was just
$6,000,000 more than that of the year
before. His managers expect and hope
that the next returns will show a still
larger increase in the traffic.
This business is; in fact, the Czar's
monopoly. His subjects, who are fond
of a joke, call vodka "monopol," and
to drink to the "Little Father," who
farms the liquor trade is an action
that covers desire with the cloak of
No Competitors Allowed.
None are allowed to compete with
him, under pain of heavy fines, and
even, on occasion, imprisonment. The
poorest subject who doles the spirit
out of a bottle for money pays $200
to the Czar, so jealous is he of his
monopoly. No distillery in the empire may sell their spirits to anybody
else, at home or abroad, without his
special permission—which is never
never granted till the petitioner has
spent large sums in greasing the
palms of the Czar's officials.
Drinking saloons are opened by Imperial command in Russia. There
must be at least one in each hamlet, no matter how small. Larger villages have a minimum of two, lest the
moujik be weared and turn home without leaving his quota at the Czar's
store. In the more civilized communes a strange thing happened a
Bhort while back. The elders of the
neighborhood in question realized that
the scourge of the country-side was
not famine, but Ignorance and vodka,
which depraves men, women and children till they can think of nothing
else. They therefore arranged to shut
down half the saloons and get the
people to spend money on a school
or two and a few agricultural machines Instead. Many communes took
up the idea with zest. But the government drove them hack to the drinking hells, the police ordered the saloons to be reopened and the village
schools closed, and fined the communes for abolishing drink and starting education. Drunkenness pays too
well. That Is what the government said
when the communes protested; and
they were about right. Moreover, a
fuddled brain does not worry about reforms.
Suicides on the Increase.
Russia's national drink is distilled
from potatoes and cereals in such a
way that the proportion of sulphuric
acid to spirit as nine to ten. It iB
very strong, fiery and always swallowed neat It easily affects the brain
of drinkers who consequently often become vodka mad. Fierce quarrels and
stabbings are the common sequels.
Reaction brings suicidal depression.
Hence the large numbers of suicides
In Russia, which have Increased In
proportion with the advance in vodka
consumption. In April the suicides in
St. Petersburg alone during one night
reached the total of twenty-five. Men ln
touch wllh the working and peasant
classes are horrified at the heavy list
of drink victims, for 80 per cent of
the town population become confirmed
drink fiends before they are 25 yearB
old, while 45 per cent of the girls between 7 and 12 fall Into the vodka
So while the government pays just
three and one-half cents per head for
education in one year, each citizen
leaves sums varying from 36 cents to
$7.50 in the Czar's drinking saloons.
His portrait hangs on the walls to remind all comers of their duties toward
Imperial revenues.
But apart from the enslavement of
the people, the advantage is not altogether on the credit Bide. The
Czar's army suffers much from the
vodka fiend. General Koppen, who
has been trying in vain to propagate
ideas of temperance among the troops,
says that 95 per cent of the crimes
committed by soldiers are done when
This century, is being celebrated as
a "century of peace." "Well they have
got to show me where the peace comes
in. Germany has just adopted a naval programme that has staggered the
world, in which they plan to build 61
Dreadnoughts With an increase of 15,-
000 men, making 80,000 men for tue
navy alone. She has incured a deb'
of $190,000,000 since 1900. England
of course follows suit, and has $32,500,-
000 on hand for the increase of hei
navy, and so the mad rush goes on not
only in armaments but in the mills,
mines, factories and railroads, rushing madly ahead for profits, slaughtering millions In the rush, wearing out
the lives of millions, crippling work
ers by the millions, never ceasing, always increasing in tensity. When
will It stop?     How can It be stopped?
Surly we will not leave it to the very
men who are at the head of affairs to
remedy it. They have had ample opportunity to do something for human
ity, but no, it is their object to uphold
the present system. Profit and mar
kets is what they want, and we as
members' of the working class have to
supply the profits and markets for
them. Does it benefit us any? Have
we gained anything faterial by getting
markets for our masters? Have wt
got better food, clothing and Bheltei
since increasing our master's wealth/
No. Then it's up to the workers
themselves to refedy this system.
In other words the workers have got
to aliolish the present system and inaugurate a system of productioon foi
use instead of for profit—a system
that will not need a single battleship
or a single soldier to get or protect
markets. There will be no necessity
for children to tend machines, and the
slaughtering of millions will cease
Why? Because the working class—
the only useful class in society—will
have control of things and you may be
assured that the working class will
have a system that will benefit them
and nobody else. They will see to it
that nobody is living off their Bweat
and blood. They will not have to flght
for markets as the workers of tht
world have a common interest and realize that we need some of the commodities that every other worker produces. In that day we shall be able
to celebrate a "century of peace" bul
at present we cannot for the last cen
tury has been a century of hell and
nothing else.
Socialist   Party   Di vie etory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm. Watts,  Labor Temple, Dunsmuir
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays In month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St., Wm. Watts, Secretary
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderaon, Secre-
tary. Box 647, Calgary.
We are frequently amused, when
running our eye over the House of
Commons order paper, at the kind of
question which Ramsay Maedonald
and Keir Hardie are constantly addressing to Ministers. When they are
not thinking of the forcible feeding of
the Suffragettes, their minds are invariably thousands of miles away
from tho workers whom they are supposed to represent. Here, taken at
random, Is a specimen of Ramsay Mac-
donald's solicitude: "To ask the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he is now In a position to make a
statement as to whether the Masai
are moving northwards from the present territory." What on earth does
the British working man care about
the Masai, and whither they are moving? We sUBpec.t that, if consulted on
the topic, he would in very* terse language Indicate what. In his opinion, is
their proper objective.—John Bull.
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE, S. P. of C, invites ull comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on orguntzu-
tlon matters Address D. McMlllun,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice—This card Is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In thc Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS ure always
members of the Purty; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J, D. Houston, 4!I3 Furby
St..   Winnipeg.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace Bay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, J*nx
481, Glace Bay, tj. S.
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every Friday in the month at 8 pm
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on flie.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.	
LOCAL   OREENWOOD,   R.   C,    NO.    9,
S. P. of Ol, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Oreenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call.    C.
Primerile, Secretary.	
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting first Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
cln.ss every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wilmer, secretary, Box 380.
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30  p.m.    E.  Campbell,   Organizer.
Will  Jones,  Secretary,  Box  125.
Finnish  branch    meets  in   Finlandors'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A.'Scbblc,
Secretary, Box 64, Rossland, B.C.
LOCAL   MICHEL,   B.   C,   NO.   18,   S.   P.
of C., holds propaganda meetings
every Sunduy afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty invitation Is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of ub to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the lira'"
and third Sundays of each month al
10:30 am. In the same hall. Party
organlserB take notice. A. S. Julian,
LOCAL  NELSON,   S.   P.   of  C,  MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin,  Secretary.
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m., In
L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St. W. H. Gil-
mour, Secretary.
LOCAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   0.,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary     	
C. Meeta every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Miners" Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
Headquarters a/id reading room, 1319
Government St, Room 2, over Collls
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. In Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:31)
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post offlce. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
first Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Free word for every body, at 512 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
Ad  Kreekls.
LOOAL   VANCOUVER,   B.    C,    NO.    48.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month ai 22S7
Main Street,    secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St.
LOOAL     OOLBMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrst
and third Sundaya of the month. Business meetings on Thursday eve.dugs
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jan. Glendennlng, llox It,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may recelvt
Information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretury, Win. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alia.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
Secretury, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organizer,  W. Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.  420  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between  Third and Fourth streets.
A. S. Julian, Secretary
every Sunday, Trades Hall, a p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, 8
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1041.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at 8
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellulieu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
ALTA;. NO. 18.
S. P.
of C.    Meets fir.-
t and
in  tho month.
at    4
,    la
Miners'   Hall.     Secretary,
Box   1988 ■
OF C.—Propaganda meetings .v.r,
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., In tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, S p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organlssr,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
8. P. OF O.—Headquarters 128% Main
Street. Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic claaa
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
In Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion invited.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO   8,   8.   P.   OF   O.
Open nlr meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeau Street. Business meetings,
first Sundav ln month In the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, nt 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Snm Sturgess Horwlth, 16
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
TIME—Headquurters in Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 168; Harold G. Ross, organizer,
Box  605.
LOOAL    SIDNEY    MXXBB    NO.    7,    of
Nova Scotia.—Buslnesa and* propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secre-
tary, Box 344.	
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, ia organized
for tiie purpose of educating tha
Ukrainean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukrnnlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), nt 443 Klnlstino Ave., Edmonton. Alta. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to J.  Senuk,  Fin.  Secretary.
I/ical Vancouver f9 have lately taken a vote of Its members to decide
the most suitable night for business
meetings and the result gives the
majority in favor of Friday, so the
meetings will continue to take place I Czars's receipts for vodka by $24,000
Whenever we see fit to abolish the
private ownership of the exploiltng
industries, this exploitation will cease.
We will get the full value of our labor. We wlll guarantee ourselves an
opportunity to earn a living. Involuntarily poverty will be a thing of the
We have only ourselves to blame.
If we lived in a country where the
workingman had no vote, It might be
But in this country the average
workingman has a vote the same as a
Capitalist. The workingmen outnumber the Capitalists and their satellites
many times. The workingmen can
therefore bring exploitation, poverty
and economic uncertainty to an end
whenever they wish. They can do lt
by voting the Socialist ticket.
If you do not vc-te the Socialist ticket, quit growling because you are deprived of everything worth while,
You are getting what you voted for
Comrade A. O. McCallum starts off
with a dollar fifty towards the Ontario Campaign Fund. Who's going
to swell the list?
J. A. Teit of Spences Bridge, B. C,
gives ten dollars towards the Clarion
maintenance fund.   Who's next?
on Friday, 8 p.m. sharp.
Remember, unles you respond to
this offer the Western Clarion will go
out of business In a few weks. Fifty-
cent sub cards for thirty cents, dollar
sub cards for sixty cents till the 16th
of July.
a year.—Vancouver World.
The official returns from Edmonton
they have been drinking heavily. Each give the Socialist candidate 413 votes,
regiment  of 2,500  men    swells    the
Due Stamps, each 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 25c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 50c
Due Cards, per 100 $1.00
Constitutions, each   5c
Receipt Books, each 10c
Warrant Books, each 25c
Buttons, each  40c
Your local ls distributing leaflets.
If circumstances prevent you from
helping, you can always send someone ln your place.
Oet Into the game. Ten subs for a
dolar till the 16th of July.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic Bystem is based upon capitalist ownership of th*
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the. means of wealth production snd
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property. ,
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist snd
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workera to organize under th* banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with th* object of   conquering th*
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. Th* transformation, as rapidly a8 possible, of capitalist property
in th* means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into th* collective property of th* working clan.
2. Th* democratic organization and management of industry by
th* workers.
3. The er*«blishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
us* instead of production for profit
Tha Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywher*
until th* present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
ita guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advanc* th* interests
of the working class and aid th* workers in their elass struggle against
capitalism T If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, th*
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
Im accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5   Yearlies $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -  -   4.00
The Western Clarion,
Comrade—I thought I would take a
little time off, and write'you a few
lines to express my approval of Comrade Gribble and his work here.
He has given ub three Sunday-night
lectures here, beginning May 19, which
were decidedly interesting and Instructive.
The first one dealth with "The workers' position In Capitalist Society."
There were about !i00 people attended
this lecture, and despite the warm
weather, he held their close attention
from 8:20 p. m. till about 10 p. m.,
which, I consider, a rather unusual
thing to happen ln Portland, as we
have made a practice to close the
meetings at about 9:30, and the warm
weather, too, being here, lt was entirely successful.
The next two lectures dealt, respectively, with "Production and Value
of Wealth," and "The Power of the
Workers," both of them being as successful as the first.
He has a class in Economics every
Friday evening, with an attendance of
between 40 and 50, with an assurance
of more later.
The comrades here, (as was mentioned in Comrade Gribble's letter to
you), are not as high, on an average
as some of the Canadian comrades
must be, with a splendidly instructive
paper, such as the "Clarion," and with
such men as Comrade Gribble to teach
Economics to, the comrades for the
time that he has, but If Comrade Grlb
I ble stays here for a few months we
will have a much higher average than
we have at present, and II he stays
longer, I think we will rank as high
as any of them. /
The boys and girls are all willing,
yes, eager to learn more, and he just
fills the long-felt want that we have
had here for a long time.
We have been getting, since Gribble
came here, 100 copies of "The Clarion" per week, and even the I. W. W.'s,
who are opposed, generally to our
views of political action, say that it
is a fine paper for teahcing the working class the Economics of Socialism,
I they also say that "Gribble is the best
lecturer they ever heard," which ls
Baying something, considering the
stand he takes, in regard to their ideas.
Comrade Gribble in getting dates
throughout the state and I hope and
believe he will raise the height ot
I knowledge by the time he gets througn
with them. "The Clarion" is making
oood down here and we expect to
; double the order soon.
Yours for education,
Branch 1, Local Portland.
Tacoma, Wash., June 13, 1912.
The Clarion:
Comrades,—Many thanks for the
bundle of samples you sent me. I
have been reading them carefully and
I must say the revolutionary note
struck by the Clarion la refreshing
Indeed ln these days of soapy reform
and fictional claptarp. I had never
before read the platform of the S. P.
of Canada—It Is surely as clear and
simple a declaration of the woi king
class program as 1 have ever seen In
Dan Ronald, who Is, or at least was,
a member of the S. P. of C, has been
with us for some time, ahd we have
been making good use of him, you may
be sure.
I am sending you a little sheet we
get out for free distribution.    If possible I shall try to rustle you a few
subs to keep the good work going.
Yours for ours,
Sec. Local Tacoma S. P.
Previously acknowledged   $12.80
T. Engels, Calgary, Alta 50
C.  H. Carter, Calgary, Alta 50
N'lchleson, Calgary, Alta 50
Jno. Bender, Calgary, Alta 50
0. Peterson, Calgary, Atla 25
Tlellng, Calgary, Alta 25
1. W. W., Calgary, Alta 25
Geo. Wilson, Calgary, Alta 25
Fraternally, Your Comrade,
To the Editor, Western Clarion.
Sir,—Having, In your issue of May
25th, seen a brief account of a miners'
.strike In Belgium, and knowing the
fBorinage district fairly well, I thought
I a little further knowledge of the place
| and people would Interest your read
i ers. I am not a bit surprised at the
miners striking there. Their miserable pay and long hours have driven
i them to despair. Wages vary from 30
cents per 10-hour day for women
(who screen coal and push tubs about
on the surface) to one dollar ten
cents per day of 10 hours, 6-day week,
for hewers' to help a little towards
housekeeping. The women and children have to work, too. Children In
Belgium can start work at the age of
10 years, though I have seen many in
rolling and roil mills who were not
even that age. I was certain of that
from questioning them, though they
don't like people to know this. No
free houses or coats there, ns England. There was a strike of 7,000 miners at Moiis near the I'orlnage district ln May, 1910. The trammers
asked for an advance of wages. It
jwas refused. They struck, but their
funds soon ran out and they resumed
'on the old terms. A new law came
into force there on January 1st, 1911,
shortening the hours of labor ln mines
to 9% hours per day. Sanitation in
.the villages around was bad, and overcrowding everywhere, but the people
'were cleanly withal. From a hilltop
near Paturages 70 heapsteads ot
mines are visible, and seven and one-
ihalf million tons are sent to surface
[annually. In a schoolroom near, men
[are taught the use of the Draeger life-
saving , apparatus for use in mines.
The weight of this clever apparatus ls
16 lbs., carried suspended from the
shoulders and on back and chest. The
gentleman who was our host whilst in
this district is a thorough Socialist,
Monsieur L. Pepine, mayor of Patur-
!ges and member of parliament for the
Yours fraternally,
Everything is ready for the big rush
of subs. We are looking forward for
at least 100 a day, can you supply
The money derived from these subs,
will have to be used for organization
work to be started in a short time.
We must have ready cash to start
out on this scheme, which means
the building up of the socialist movement in Canada, and will be the
biggest thing ever undertaken by the
S. P. of C. Don't wait until we have
disclosed the whole scheme, but dig
in right now, the more funds we have
the bigger the surprise will be. The
sub. list has a better showing this
week although these were sent In before the cheap rate was announced.
Here are the trail blazers for the
G. Westlin, Strathcona, Alta 12
D. A. Maclean, Calgary, Alta  5
A. McKellan, Medicine Hat, Alta  3
|C. M. O'Brien, Organizer  2
1 Geo. Grazier, Moose Jaw, Sask  2
A. Stewart, Moose Jaw, Sask  2
S.  Gage,  Winnipeg, Man  2
B. Helllngher,  Montreal,  Que  2
Sam Horwlth, Ottawa, Ont  2
Colin McDonald, Vancouver, B.C  2
A. S. McCall, Gibson's Landing,
B. C; A. E. Tipper, City; A. Manson,
Nelson, B. C; W. Bennett, City; E. H.
Dalmar, Stavely, Alta.; Wm. McQuold,
Edmonton, Alta.; F. Kissack, Sovereign, Sask.; J. Smart, Winnipeg; A.
Paterson, Winnipeg; J. Watson, Winnipeg; W. H. Stebblngs, Winnipeg;
W. Green, Toronto, Ont.; W. K.
Bryce, Demalne, Sask.; Lew Williams,
Toronto, Ont.; D. Diamond, St. Catherines, Ont.; H. C. Ross, Glace Bay,
N. S.; J. Pilkington, Enderby, B. C;
R. Tune, Petone, New Zealand; Joe
Powe, Rainy River, Ont; S. Lefeaux,
City; W. J. Churchill, City; Abe
Karme, City.
Alfred llenar, Moose Jaw, Sask.,
10; R. M. Rousell, Bellevue, Alia., 25;
Local Edmonton, 100; Local Glace
Bay. 25.
■ Till July 16
Western Clarion
will be sent to any
address in  Canada,
Great Britain or New
Zealand for
Three Months
Ten Cents
Five Yearlies
Three Dollars
Ten Six Month
Three Dollars
Ten Three Month
One Dollar Fifty
Sub. Cards Good After
When   arejlights   gleam   in   fevered
streets and mock the glare of
A mighty army comes from camp to
march  along  Broadway,
A host of women—some are wan, and
some unearthly fair,
They scatter through the busy town
and seek for plunder there.
Each is a soldier, tried and true, sworn
knight of good King Lust;
Each does   her   sovereign's   bidding
well, as loyal soldiers must,
It seems to me that this brave band
that nightly plods along,
Is chanting loud, that all may hear,
this goodly marching song.
"O Master Manufacturer!    O Master
If you would see what made you rich,
look at your victims here.
We girls worked in your factory and
happened to survive;
Most of the kids you killed, you know,
we're all that are alive.
You took our youth and innocence, our
sight and blood and health,
And made them Into merchandise, and
so you got your wealth.
You starved and wrecked and ruined
us, but this job -pays right well, i
And since we've worked for you, kind | unthinkable
Now, Comrades, it's right up to you!
The Clarion needs you and you need
the Clarion.
If you let the Clarion go out of existence you will bo sorry when it is
too late.
Cut there! There will be quite a
number who will be glad, perhaps,
Your inaction ls explained on this
score, but I don't think so. I put it
down to your damned laziness and
apathy, your willingnes to let the
scattered and willing few do all the
work of hustling subs,	
Just look back a few numbers of the
Clarion and see how the same names
recur again and again, from Ross of
Glace Bay on the Atlantic to Tipper
of Vancouver on the Pacific; notice
the work that is being done by Kinnear of Toronto (I'd like to know
him, and will some time), twenty at
one time, and keeping lt up. Some
of these comrades, who are frequently
sending ln subs live miles away from
anyone else oh tho prairie, yet they
are able to do something in this direction; thus Anderson of Dewberry,
for instance; see his name appearing
again and again. Yoa Bee, having been
all over Canada, I happen to know the
kind of places these comrades live in,
and how lonely they are. Go to it,
Comrades,, I am not asking you to do
what I don't or can't do myself.
I can, and this is no boast—the
proof is in the Clarian sub-list-
get subs every place I am, if I stay
long enough, and I'll give you an Infallible recipe how to do the job—DO IT.
The only way to do a thing is to DO
it. How? By keeping at it. Pick
out those who seem likeliest subjects
bone them for a Bub every time you
see them and they're bound to come
through at last. Take a pride in it; do
it for your own satisfaction.
Say, "I'm not going to let others
overwork themselves, and, in addition,
have to dig down In their pockets because I'm not doing my share."
Hold your head up, throw your chest
out and say, "I am too proud to fail
to do my class-conscioua duty."
If, after doing it, you feel a little
pardonably stuck on yourself when
you see your name in the list of hustlers in the Clarion, that will hurt nobody and you will have done the movement good.
The writer used to feel that way,
but has got over it long since.
Comrades, if you know as well as I
know what a number of pretendedly
sympathetic individuals are really
wishing the death of the Clarion, your
resentment alone would make you act
energetically. Not only those who
openly favor reforms on the party
.platform, the type who formed the
Socialist (?) Fakeration of Canada,
but even a treacherous individual here
and there who makes great pretensions of being ultra revolutionary, and
who holds a card in the S. P. of C,
particularly one odoriferous scamp
whom I could name if the Clarion
would allow me.
Now, comrades, get after them
while the workers have a little money.
Undoubtedly there is a little more
going among the workers in Canada
than on this side of the line—you'd
realize this easily if you were here—
so get out after it while it Ib like that.
Tell you, comrados, I going to get
the Clarion spread on this side of the
line, by bundles chiefly.
Bundles are as good as sub here,
as a cent postage is charged on singles crossing the line.
It'is not necessary to he on hand
early when an outdoor meeting is to
be held, come around when the speaker has got half way through his talk,
then stand away back and smoke.
Do not, under any circumstances,
try to sell any books or pamphlets
at  outdoor  meetings,  that  iB  a  job
The Thames Embankment, Londoau
Eng.   Time 7 p. m.
Stranger walking along, accosted* hyr
anotber stranger who had an ex-mllt
tary look about him, who asks: "How-
are chances of bumming a supper otf
that only the Bpeaker should be asked j' FlrBt stranger: "Where did you havo
to  do.    It is  not advisable to  read dinner?"
Worl   Mom,     l1.™!,.     V.„M... !        _        -,      .. ,,-    ... .     '     , ..
Ex. M. Man:    I dldn t have any.
First Stranger: "Where did you have»
books by Karl Marx, Engels Kautsky
or Bebel, theBe aire all foreigners, and
moreover how can any one ln another
country know of the conditions In
"your own" town in Canada?
If any local preacher states that he
is a "Socialist to a certain extent," by
all means attend his church and try
and get the rest of the Local to do
Let the organizer or secretary of
Local do all that there is to do in
connection with Local. Do not even
bring a chair or soap-box for' the
speaker, you might make the organizer
If you rent a headquarters, under
no circumstances should you turn up
half an hour ahead of meeting time to
dust chairs and put the room ln order.
Leave that for the secretary to do,
he likes it
It is not a good idea to subscribe
for the "Western Clarion." In the
first place, if you read and study it
you may come to understand the
science of Socialism. This is superfluous. And again, if the Local takes
a bundle, be on hand when the same
is opened and take a copy, you will
thereby save the sum of one dollar
per WBm.
Never attempt to speak from the
platform or soap-box. That should
be left entirely to the "speaker of the
evening" and the organizer, and they
would be jealous if you were to attempt to make a "speech."
It is not in the least necessary to
take a bit of notice of what is said
during the study of economics or industrial history- The all important
thing is that you bring your pipe and
tobacco with you and lots of matches
and draw up near the stove and have
a real good time talking about your
"job" between smokes.
If the instructor calls you down for
inattention to the subject under consideration, tell bim that he is impractical. If he still persists in his
chastisements, quit the movement,
and say that he is a "fakir" and an
Never forget that the very best way
to reach the (greatest man of the most
Intelligent wage-workers ls to go on
a boozing trip round town and, when
you get half shot, begin talking" Socialism" in the various bar-rooms.
When   the  gas   bill  and  the   rent
Ex. M. Man: "I didn't have any."
Klrst Stranger: "Where are you going to sleep to-night?"
Ex- M. Man: "Oh, shut up you fool...
here is the King coming,!' taking oft
his cap, and shouting, "Hurrahf
Hurrah! Hurrah!"
Forgetting all  about    his    hunger,
while gazing on his King.
(Continued from page one)
ers who would have enjoyed the loan
of a job (If a job can be enjoyed)
will now be out of employment or
working for shorter time. It ls to be?
understood tbat this is the tendency,
but does not of necessity take place
Immediately, as other forces may beat work to modify the tendency. Now
these workers who lack employment
are looking for a Job and the masters:
will see to it that advertisements are-
freely distributed, showing the high,
wages (?) paid in the industry where ■
the rise has taken place. Hence extra.
competition for the jobs will again
bring down the»price of labor power.
Let us, however, look at the matter
from another respect. The workers
who got the rise now have more
money to spend and will naturally
wiBh to have a broader life, a better,
standard of living. Here, too, there -
is a tendency but of a different and
opposite kind. Prices will rise, owing.
to increased demand, other conditions
being equal, and they will rise in pro-
pbrtlon to the Increased demand.
Thus far we have considered an increase of money resulting from a
strike without having considered the
causes of that strike. Since we are
dealing only with the general nature
of things we are justified in making
the following statement: "Strikes are
the result of a decrease in the standard of living, a falling off of the real
wage." It is quite true that some unions are spry enough to take advai
tage of the market and force a highei
price, but that ls a special case, as
was the gas In relation to gravitation.
Now a decrease of the real wage, an:
increase in the cost of living, may
more than absorb the assets of the take P'""**-* from many causes, but it
Local, it is well not to either pay any '** necessary here to deal only with
dues, or even to turn up to any meet- °n*-" cause- As the cost of Producing
ings until such time as tbe secretary go''' varies, as a given quantity can
has settled all accounts.   This proves  be produced in less labor time, bo the
that you are the stuff out of which
heroes are made.
It is a great drawback to have read
any good books or history or economics—theBe questions should be left
entirely with "speakers." So long as
you come and bave a good time listening to discussions you are doing useful work.
The business meeting is tbe place
to air your pet views on religion. Try
and convert the rest of the Local if
possible. Remember that all good
men, from Adam down to the latest
Hedged preacher, were "Socialists in
Portland is the start with a bundle!their hearts.'
of a hundred, which is likely to be increased.
Shall be working my way down the
coast to San Francisco, and shortly
afterwards you'll hear of a'hundle order from there.
Let the Clarion die? Perish the
thought!     Let the  Clarion  die?    It's
Subs at ten cents for three months
(and we don't care how many you send
ln. They will coBt you two bits after
the 16th.
We are reducing tho cost of education to counterbalance the high cost
of living. What, you can't live on education.  Well we can.
Toronto gets to third place this
week. Winnipeg still climbs steadily
on in the attempt to wrestle the
honors of first place away from Vancouver. North Battleford gave Ave
others a boost by sliding down the
list. Now Ib the time to boost your
burg by taking advantage of our special sub. rate. We are going to get
some special articles by Com. Gribble,
so it's up to you to take advantage
of this by getting the Western Clarion
into the hands of the wage slaves of
your city.
This is how- they stand:—
Vancouver, B. C    1
Winnipeg, Man    2
Toronto, Ontario  ;... 3
Calgary, Alberta  :  4
Edmonton, Alberta  6
Victoria, B. C  6
Cumberland, B. C     7
Moose Jaw, Sask    8
Fernie, B. C     9
Brandon, Man  10
Montreal  11
New Westminster, B. C  12
Nelson, B.  C 18
Silverton, B. C 14
South Fort George, B. C 15
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia   16
Ottawa,  Ontario   17
North Battleford. Sask.  18
South Hill, Sask  191    We want 1,000 of you to send ln ten
Lethbridge, Alta  20 new subscribers by July the 16th
sir, we're not afraid of hell.
O .Master Financier, you have a lovely
daughter there.
We know she's good and innocent—
as pure as she Ib fair.
Hut make her work at three a week in
that big mill you own,
And leave here there a year or so, and
see to what's she grown!
Perhaps she will nave died by then,
some lucky devils do;
But otherwise she will have left and
looked for something new.
The something new that children find
who know your tender care,
Is very old, it's our rich trade—our
bodies are our ware."
Then from   the   crowded   tenements,
where women are for hire.
In filthy dance-halls, reeking stews, I
heard a ghastly choir,
From  painted  faces,  splotched  with
sin, from    weak    and    rotting
This chorus rose, and floated high, on
breath from putrid lungs.
"O  Master  Manufacturer,  how  goes
your Sunday school?
Go, tell the kids that God is love and
teach the Golden Rule.
We girls once tried to work for you;
you drove us to this trade,
So tell your Sunday school about the
harlots you have made!"
The Clarion Is universally admitted
the best educational Socialist weekly
on, the continent printed in the English language, and we mustn't let It
die, for the credit of our party, for the
credit of ourselves, for the sake of
our enslaved class, for our own satisfaction In having n means of telling
our class what Is the matter with society. If the Clarion does die, we who
have done what we could to keep lt
alive will bitterly regret the fact but
will be free from self-reproach, but you
who have appreciated its worth, but
done nothing to show your appreciation, what will you feel like. GET
J. S. Dennis of the C. P. R., says
thousands of men are needed in the
west for railway and other work and
that the demand ls 50,000 in excess of
the supply. Dennis is a tool of the C.
P. R. and it can only be expected that
he should lie for his masters. Dennis
should come to Vancouver and see
the city chain gang, members of
which have come west on the lying
statements of such tools as himself
and the capitalist press, and being
unable to find work have been pulled
up as vags and sent to work on the
chain gang to help build up t'ie city.
Maybe other cities wlll be built up In
the same way. They wll! witn the
help of Dennis, Sutherland, Borden
and McBride.
Get rid of that tired feeling and
take a trip around town and hustle
The distribution of leaflets on Sunday mornings should be left to the
"officials" in the movement. Your
dignity might suffer if any person
should see you, then again, stay In
bed with the wife. You need the rest
Sunday mornings.
Then again—(but what In hell's the
W. D.
Brantford, Ont.
Hear in mind that wc cannot send
nut less sub cards lliun the number
specified in the special ad. Also bear
lu mind that the Idea Is to sell these
sub cards to you at a reduced rate
so as to get Borne cash in. Wo will
not extend the date, so get your cnrdB
We don't care how much you sell
the sub cards for, we are selling them
forty per cent, below their value to
you.   Get busy.
Comrades In the suburbs of Vancouver, Buch as South Hill, Burnaby,
Colllngwood, North Vancouver, Cedar
Cottage, etc., can send in subs at the
special rate and can also purchase
sub cards at the special rate as long
as the subs are not for the city of
The British Columbia Metbodist
Conference have passed resolutions
against the encouragement of militarism in Canada, and yet Premier Borden and Col. Sam Hughes are working
like hell to encourago the spirit of
militarism.   Shame on them.
Young English Soelaliat, (24),
desires situation on fruit or
mixed ranch In B. C. First class
references. Geo. Soane, 912 19th
Avenue West, Calgary.
standard of measuie wlll alter in its
relation to the things which can be
bought with gold. In other words%
when $1.00 can be produced in less
time it cannot buy so much of other
commodities as before, provided their
cost of production has remained constant. Now It takes a long time for
commodities to adjust themselves to -
the standard of measure, some a longer period than others, and experiences
show that labor power Is the last commodity to become so adjusted. For
the benefit of those who doubt we will
say that United Rtates government
figures tell us that the cost of living
had risen to 11 per cent during the
decade 1888 to 190S, but that wages
(money wage) ha.l risen only 7 per
cent, and government figures will not
show its worst side.
We have now shown many forces
acting In society to keep the price of
labor power at Its value and have finally quoted figures which reveal the fact
that  labor  organizations 'cannOI   <io
more than keep It al that  value.    Wo
must now itate thai the condition of
affairs la worse Willi iinni-nuiilzcil labor than wiiii organized. Thii Is an
age of collectivism or co-operation and
tbe Individual miisi go to the wall.
Therefore it Is well lo bf organized.
Hut as the individual man goes to the
wall so does the Individual group.
Hence It Ib wise to b8 organized, not
in a lot of small sections, but in one
big union. Hut wlicu going into tho
union or whilst In the union, In season
and out of season let us bear In mind
that unions organized on the Industrial
field have their limitations, that they
cannot as a general thing raise the
real wage of the workers and hence-
that It ts necessary to have «o">c complementary orgaiil? " .,.- really
desire to be better off,
ThlB complementary organization Is
a political one. Realizing the limitations of organization on the Industrial
field only, the Socialist Party organizes on the political field. To
thoBe aristocrats of labor who are contend! with their lot or are satisfied
with trades union armour alone, to
those whose ambition does nol soar
above a bundle of hay and oats to eat
and a stable to sleep In, we say keep
out To those who are discontented
with existing conditions we say study
the trades union movement and If you
can find a ense of general Improvement in the workers show ub where
we ure wrong: If nol, study our movement and throw your lot In with our.
SATVlDAY, JUNE 22, 1912.
The Socialist
The Sword
Prom "War—What For?" by Geo. R. Kirkpatriok,
A sword is a three-loot razor with which the working class
obligingly and stupidly cuts its own throat in war.
War is a fools' festival in whicli the working class crucifies
itself.in the service of capitalism in the name of patriotism.
Patriotism is perfect and glorious in proportion as the
starved slave is willing to fight for a fat master.
Patriotism (of this sort) is a brainless, blinding fever that
employers and bankers, bishops and politicians eloquently recommend for others, but cunningly never catch themselves—
at present under capitalism.
Capitalism, strutting and staggering under the insane bur-
'dens of militarism,—capitalism, the present industrial despotism, is motived bj* robbery, dreads discussion, seduces culture,
flatters the foolish, needs the sword, glorifies force, sneers at
tears, pretends peace, fattens oil war and teaches patriotism
to slaves.
Por half a hundred centuries this hate-laden madness
called patriotism has paralyzed and blinded each new generation of the working class, rendering them the easy, self-slaughtering dupes of a crafty ruling class.
Thus have the workers been duped and stung till now.
Till now.
Light breaks—now. This is the sun-flooded morning of a
new era—for the working class.
Slaves sec—now. And therefore, this mocking farce, this
hideous tragedy, called war, grows clear in the brain of the
working class.
The slave is studying capitalism, and therefore he sees the
meaning of capitalist patriotism, and as the slave understands
capitalism and its necessary patriotism, he understands war.
And as the wftge-slave understand war he understands that
Capitalists WANT wars,
Politicians DECLARE wars, and
Workingmen FIGHT the wars. ?
In all parts of the world the working class are accepting
the Socialists' definition of war:
The SOCIALIST Party is OF the working class, FOR the
working class and BY the working class—and, therefore, the
Socialist Party in every country the sun shines on is opposed
to wholesale throat-cutting contests between deluded' and betrayed groups of the working class for the amusement and
profit of fat-pursed social parasites of capitalism. Socialists
strive to socialize society, and have faith in peace as a condition
of rapid social progress; and, therefore, they are consistently
and persistently against war. "NO MEN TO BE MURDERED
all around the world.
The Socialists recognize that war is not social, and is not
fraternal, and is not fair; they see that VICTORY ALWAYS
GOES TO THE SUPERIOR IN FORCE, absolutely regardless
of the moral merit of the armies and questions involved; they
see that war is savage resort to brute force, and that, therefore,
war does not measure or mete out justice, but simply measures
the warring countries' comparative equipment in tiger and
savage, cannon and cash.
"Socialists observe groups of capitalists seeking and threatening war for FOREIGN markets for goods which the workers
produce, but which their WAGES WILL NOT PERMIT THE
the Socialists teach rliligently to the working class—to warn
the working class. Socialists see groups of profit-lusting capitalists, ready with swaggering armies and navies, in many
parts of the world, greedily grabbing territory on which to
grind and rob still more of the working elass. This also* is
patiently explained to the working class by the Socialists—
ever opposed to the slaughter of the toilers. Socialists observe
sleek and crafty capitalists everywhere lolling, smiling aud safe
in their elegant offices and homes, cunningly forcing their liick-
spittle capitalist governments to protect capitalist investments
in foreign lands, by wars if necessary. This, too, is tirelessly
explained to the workers by the Socialists—to warn the toilers,
ever eager to save the blood and tears of the working class.
The Socialists understand that International Farce, called
The Hague Peace Conference; 'they note the pompous pretense
and thc laughable impotence of The Hague Conference of
Cowards who are too shrewd to go to war, too brainless to prevent a war, and too emasculate and prostitute to warn the
WORKING CLASS against war. The Socialists point out that
that Conference was originally arid vigorously promoted by
the blood-stained Tsar of Russia, who, though a member of
the Conference, when a war seemed to suit his economic interests, with mocking irony promptly spat on the Conference
and inaugurated the bloodiest war of modern times—all in
the blessed, name of "patriotism," of course. The Socialists
mark well tho Italian Government, member of the Conference,
scorning the,Conference when it suits Italian capitalist interest,
and, with the holy blessings of the Church, engaged in a horrible capitalist war,* laughing at The Hague Conference, dignifying ita brutality with the cheapened phrase, "Christian patriotism"; thc Socialists draw uside the curtain and strip the
hypocrite's mask from the most noisy, foxy and distinguished
member of Tho Hague Peace Conference, Andrew Carnegie,
and remind the world, especially the working elass, that "patriotic" Andrew Carnegie and his "patriotic" steel company
sold steel armor for battleships to the Russian Government at
one-half the price they charged their own dear country for the
same armor. That "thieves' banquet" of glittering plutocrats
and prostitutes, cunningly called The Hague Peace Conference
—that also is explained by the Socialists to the workers of the
The Socialists see all the governments of the world that
are members of The Hague Peace Conference, without faith
and faithless, shrewdly mouthing tho words "Patriotism" and
"Peace," yet feverishly increasing their armies and navies,
preparing for wars in which to win a lion's share of the world's
profits at the cost of the blood and tears of the working class.
All these things, and more, the Socialists explain to the working
elass—to WARN the WORKING class.
The Socialist Party is the vanguard of the working class
in its grand march upward to freedom. The Socialist Party is
the First Regiment in the silent and bloodless war for peace
—armed with information and discussion instead of ignorance
and dynamite; armed with the printing press and the ballot
instead of the Gatling gun and the bullet. The Socialist Party
is boldly warning the WORKING class of the world against
Wars, modern wars—in almost ALL cases—are between
jealous groups of the parasitic ruling class in their swinish international scramble for territory, markets and profits, In
these wars the workers cut their own throats (ignorantly shouting "Patriotism!"), and wade in their own blood (ignorantly
shouting "Patriotism!"), while the crafty capitalist class, at
home, safe and far from the firing lino, clap their soft hands
together, wink knowingly, afid cunningly shout "Patriotism!"
In war the workers' blood is spilt, the workers' tears are
despised, the workers' children are orphaned, the workers'
wives are widowed, the workers' lives are robbed to pay war
taxes and war bonds and war bond interest, the workers' health
is blasted, the workers become the hobbling cripples insulted
with stingy petty pensions while distinguished, high-salaried
judges (whose lives are never risked where the cannon roar)
are fattened on pensions (jf thousands per year. In war the
workers have nothing to gain and all to lose. The workers are
learning these things well, very well. The Socialists are striking these facts of warning into tho brains of the working el^ss
in all parts of the world. Indeed, even tho best informed and
most distinguished ENEMIES of the Socialist Party in all the
world admit that the Socialists are persistently and effectively
warning the working class against war.
But the GREAT war is the CLASS war, the CLASS
STRUGGLE—the war between the capitalist omployer class
and the wage-earning working class—between the exploiting
class who OWN the INDUSTRIAL FOUNDATIONS of society
and live on profits, and the exploited class who productively
USE the INDUSTRIAL FOUNDATIONS of society and live on
wages—the industrial war, in which the employers struggle to
beat down the price of labor power and the workers struggle
to force up the price of labor power. THIS IS THE FUNDAMENTAL WAR, the SOURCE of war, the war without an end
—while capitalism lasts. In this war of clashing CLASS interests other wars originate. And in this struggle rises the Socialist Party—the political organization of the working class, the
political right arm of the working class, the legalized army of
the working class, with which the working class is cunningly
(intelligently) seizing the political powers of society, and thus
legally getting into legal position for strategic SELF-DEFENSE—to legally CONTROL the industrial foundations of
society for the benefit of all who are willing to work—to give
to all who are willing to work EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
TO WORK, and to give to every worker the value of his applied
labor power, undiminished by rent, interest and profits.
The Socialist Party lives and strives to FREE the working
class—lives and strives, nationally and internationally, TO
making every member of society a joint owner of the industrial
foundations of society; that is, a joint owner of the dominant
means of production.
The Socialists are rousing, teaching, warning, moving the
workers of the world. Mankind feels this international impulse,
thrills to warless Socialism. Civilized mankind is rapidly rousing from a race-cursing spell. Soon every red-throated cannon *>
on earth will boom no more—silenced forever. The tears of
the war-robbed widows and war-orphaned children and the
blood of-the world's strong men will cease to stain the earth,
and never again on great battlefields yvill foul birds feast on
the shattered corpses of working class youths torn from the
trembling embrace of fond mothers and forced to face the
storms of lead and steel—to stupidly decide (for their masters)
which country is the superior, AS A FIGHTER.
The SOCIALISTS proclaim to the whole world: WE DO
In another column will be found, under above heading, a
clipping taken from a book written by Comrade Geo. R. Kirkpatriok—same title. This clipping is to be used as a leaflet,
and every one who desires a copy of the work from which it is
taken can obtain same from this office for $1.20, postage prepaid.
This work of Comrade Kirkpatrick's is the most scathing
condemnation of the brutal game of war ever written. It strips
the mask of patriotism and pious pretense from the thieves'
game and leaves it exposed in all its demoralizing and vicious
horrors. It should be read by every one who has the interest
of himself and his family at heart. It will show him what answers to give when next his rulers demand cannon food.
Remember, "War, What For?" by Geo. R. Kirkpatrick;
$1.20, postpaid.   Address, Western Clarion, Vancouver, B. C.
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
A Good Place to Eat at
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
Book and
VANCOUVER,   B.   0.
(Continued from last issue)
more Important ones were the Brad-
laugh-Besant case of the Knowlton
pamphlet, W. T. Stead's "Maiden Tribute" case, Reynolds Newspaper prosecutions, David Nlcol case of libel, the
Freethinker case, ln which G. W. Foote
received twelve months, and his helpers, Ramsay and Kemp, nine and six
months, respectively, and the recent
case of J. W. Gott and Stewart, Imprisoned for distributing tracts which
had circulated for years unchallenged,
and which contained nothing more
dreadful than a few gibes at superstition.
.        ,        .      *       *
Such, ln brief, is the history of the
struggle for an emancipated press, a
history that is little known today, presumably because it did not lend itself
to the noise and glamour of civil warfare. The participants on the side ot
Justice were beings who, for the most
part, were Incapable of treading upon
a worm, leave alone employing dynamite to attain their object. That was
because humanity was the inspiration
of their actB—
Not Revenge.
Contrast the recent utterances ot
"Captain" Tupper at Liverpool and
Tlllet at Glasgow, wherein they each
advocated individual murder, with ths
dying words of James Nayler:
"There ls a spirit which I feel, that
delights to do no evil, nor to revenge
any wrong, but delights to endure all
things ln hope to enjoy Its' own ln the
end. As it bears no evil ln Itself, so
it conceives none in thoughts to any
The speech of a man who had been
tortured with redhot Irons and
scoucged with whips.
Our "martyrs" of today do not compare very favorably with those who
lived of yore. Then, it was indeed an
act of heroism to label oneself Atheist or Freethinker. To-day, the assumption of such opinions only exclteB pity
in the really learned, and gaping curiosity ln the Ignorant.
The organized superstitution called religion is precisely what De Leon called
lt—"Politics ambushed behind religion." It ls a portion of the state
machinery used, primarily, to anes-
thetise the slaves. With the extinction
of capitalism, class ownership in the
means of life will cease. When that
day arrives it will be no longer necessary to clog up the thinking apparatus of anyone as no useful object will
be served by bo doing. So, obviously,
the race of "doggers" will automatically die out, and their chloroform-
superstition—will die with them. This
is recognised now by all really scientific minds, who are interested ln dethroning wrong and establishing a system of social Justice, and so their labours are given to the economic movement with the complete assurance that
if the substance ls destroyed the
shadow  will  disappear.
swoop upon its prey when an opportunity affords. There is only one safeguard—defiance. The price of liberty
ls eternal vigilance. By reprinting
the prosecuted "Open Letter to British
Soldiers," the Socialist placed the hirelings of the laws on the horns of a
dilemma. By attacking the S. L. P.
with its party-owned 'press, the authorities knew what the result would
probably be—greater publicity given
to the proscribed article and a certain repetition or series of repetitions
of the "crime." On the other hand, not
taking action was tantamount to an admission that we were guilty of no offence whatever. IF WE ARE NOT
OTHERS, and their supporters, in and
out of Parliament, should insist either
on our prosecution or liberty and compensation to the others. We are Inclined to believe, as we write (April
2nd), that neither will happen, and for
this reason. The pretext that "mutiny" was the basis of action has fallen
flat. Already the sentences of the vie.
tims has been reduced. The authorities found they had bitten off more
than they could conveniently masticate—but, this is the point. They
made an attempt to wrest from the
race one of its priceless heritages—
freedom of expression, and were
tion. The very fact that printed matter
of a much more mutinous character
had circulated for years With its disseminators unmolested, proves that
the motive was such an one. That the
attempt was unssuccessful (inasmuch
as the Socialist has not been penalised), was no fault of theirs. To those
who think otherwise, let the following
facts speak for themselves.
On turning over an old volume ot
Richard Carllle's Republican, the writer came across a letter, dated April
8th, 1825, sent by Carlile to the King,
Windsor beginning:
"Sir,—A Christian of the name of
George Hale, ls making himself conspicuous in an endeavour to enforce
a practise consonant with the more
rigid and more moral profession of
Christianity. He has lately been imprisoned, and liberated without trial,
for circulating tracts among the sol-
^diers at Woolwich, shewing that Christianity does not sanction war."
Now, one passage in the Syndicalist
letter reads:
" 'Thou shalt not kill,' says the
Book. It does not say—unless you
wear   a uniform."
In the Hale case (nearly one hundred years ago) distinct mutiny was
preached, Inasmuch as the tract de-
ciled warfare to soldiers—yet the culprit escaped.
In the Syndicalist, Scripture is quoted not to deter the soldier from his
duty on the field of battle, but to exhort him not to slay his kith and kin
at home—and the authors here get a
vicious sentence. The obvious reason
for It is that "mutiny" was only a pre-
pretext, the real object was to crush
freedo mof expression, and were
Blatchford's advice adopted, every advanced newspaper in the kingdom
would be snowed under inside of a
year... What good would that do the
Nol the cause of working class
emancipation depends upon two things
—the stubborn refusal to relinquish
the smallest privilege already gained
and a determined, militant, class-coni
scious organization. Lying down in a
fool's paradise dreaming about "Chirg-
win" and the milky way only leads
to softening of the brain.
John S. Clarke in Edinburgh Socialist.
Voltaire's Lectures and Essays... 25c
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Thought—Laing  25c
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The object of this article is to show,
primarily, the manner in which the
freedom of the press was won ln the
past. It was by the untiring devotion
to the cause of freedom of men and
women who, in spite of "law," "legality" and other sacred things, bravely
upheld the gospel of the poet—
"Where   Right    ls    Right, to follow
Were wisdom in the  scorn of consequence."
We live now In an age when it ls
universally believed to be possible to
say almost anything one likes about abstract things. Such latitude ls the legacy to ub from the pioneer pigmy-
crushers of former generations. The
age of tyranny ls not yet over, however, and so long as it lasts, every
stronghold captured must he tenaciously held. The malice, envy, cunning, and bigotry of those enthroned
upon the seats of power are veneered
by a studied affectation of tolerance—
They Are not Extinct,
Behind the veil of urbanity there lurks
the vulture and the coyote, snarling
with  Impotent  rage  and     ready  to
Brackendale - Cheakamus
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
50 &0rialtat &0ti0H
with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
labor mass meetings, the home,
etc- Propaganda on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps or coin.
Address, Socialist Literature Co*
"Dept. P» 15 Spruce St.,
New York City
Are you one of the 400 who will
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Clarion each month, or do you expect
the other fellow to do his part and
yours too?
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We need money and we want to
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