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Western Clarion May 4, 1912

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I'Hk YKiR        0I.1U
The open shoppers who are conducting the big Baldwin Locomotive Works
at Philadelphia have hit upon a novel
scheme to keep the 8,500 employes in
that institution divided. Tbe bosses
bave instituted the B. L. W. Loyal
Legion as a form of recognition of the
loyal and faithful service of all Its
employes who continued in the active
service of the company during the
strike last year. The members of the
Loyal Legion are given a solid gold
button to be worn in the lapel of their
coats or vests, and gold figures denote
the number of years of faithful service rendered by the recipient. Thepe
tokens of appreciation and good will
by the employers are said to be highly
appreciated by those entitled to them,
and have served to create a certain
rank based upon loyalty 'and service.
The numbers are to be ohanged each
year, as the center of the button is
removable. New employes are not entitled to a button unless they pasB a
test and are "faithful In an emergency" by acting as scabs during a
strike. If any of the legioners are
discharged and tramp around looking
for a job and flnd none, they can
cheer themselves by admiring their
buttons, or perhaps" eat them when
they are hungry. What's the next
game that Morgan's overseers will introduce to keep their wage slaves docile and loyal?
Competition is no longer the life ot
trade as it used to be in the days of
individual production. With the advent of machinery, production has become socialized and now combination
is the motto. This, then, accounts for
the small storekeeper finding it hard
to make a living out of his busness and
the day is not far distant when departmental stores on. a large scale will
handle all produce to better advantage
than the smaller man.
It does not take long to see what a
lot of useless work is being carried
on under this system of competition.
Why not do away with thi3 unnecessary work and socialise production and
distribution still more, only in the Interests of those who take part in the
work Instead of creating dividends rot
a class of people who do nothing. All
natural resources, means of production and distribution should be owned
by the workers so that, no matter
whether they work with brain or hand
they will get the full reward for their
toil and work under much better conditions.
If all those who are able could do
their share of necessary work just
think how it would lighten the burden and then instead of using women
and child labor in our factories to
cheapen the cost of production, it
would only be necessary for every able
bodied man to do two or three hours
work each day.
We complain about Oriental and
Asiatic labor being used but see how
cheap they are and what awful conditions must prevail in their own countries if they are content to come here
to live and be treated like dogs.
Take Italy for example, that land
of sunshine, and we wonder why so
many of her native sons are at work
bere and are content to dig. ditches
and do all the hardest kinds of labor.
It it because conditions ln their home
land are such that they cannot make
even a bare existence and that is just
exactly what is happening in all other
countries. The more civilized they become the faster grows the unemployed
problem so they emmigrate to countries like British Columbia where ut
velopment work is going on in order
to flnd a job.
However, conditions here, as you
know, are not what they appear from
afar off and even now many of them
are looking for another land of promise and curse the day that they ever
left home.
Workingmen, there is only one solution to the problem and that ls the
one which we Socialists try our best
to make clear to you. Get rid of this
non-producing portion of Society by
taking control of things yourselves,
use your vote In the right way and get
rid of the idea that as things have
been ln the past so they will always
be. If you do not do this you must
not complain at having to work ten
Hours a day for a barely living wage,
for that Is all you can expect by voting
either Liberal or Conservative ticket.
F. L.
From every quarter of the land
comes the story of hard times, lack
of employment, and a general depression in Industry that promises to
be long continued and disastrous in
the extreme. The ruling class ls everywhere confessing' jits impotence to
deal with the problem by resorting
to the only argument lt knows, the
argument of force and repression
against the rising tide of discontent
that is inevitable under the circumstances.
The earth was never more fruitful
than-now. The means of production
were never so powerful as at present.
Never was it a matter of so little
labor to supply the reasonable and
legitimate wants of mankind as at
this particular period in human history. "But not only doeB the ruling
class stand helpless in the face of
the present conditions, but all the
forces at Its command are used to
prolong the property regime that ls
alone responsible for the widespread
disaster that is now making itself felt
throughout the length and breadth of
tho earth.
Human society cannot longer feed,
clothe and shelter itself under the
present administration of industry.
For the past century It has been living a hand-to-mouth existence, even
during the best of times. Time and
again has the fever of so-called prosperity been followed by the chills of
adversity, each succeeding attack of
either being more severe and exhausting than Its predecessor. . The limit
of endurance has about been reached.
The capitalist class is stuck for a
remedy, and lt Ib not in its Interest
to apply one even if found.
Human society can escape the misery that afflicts It only by the application of a most drastic remedy.
The present system of property in
the means of production must be
overthrown. Production for profit
must be brought to an end. The resources of the earth and the tools of
production must be made the common or collective property of all the
members of human society and production for the use of all become the
order of the day.
It is a drastic remedy and one
that can be applied only by the hand
of Labor. This giant that is said to
conquer all things is called upon to
apply it   It is up to him.
The Co-operative Commonwealth Is
coming fast. It is best for all. Help
us to speed Its arrival.
The treatment of steerage passengers by the officers and stewards
came in for criticism by Miss Annie
Kelly, a 17-year-old Irish girl, survi-
vori of. the disaster, who arrived in
Chicago on Monday. She is staying
at the home of her cousins, Misses
Anna and Mary Garvey, 306 Eugenie
street. Tho girl declared that stewards failed to awaken large numbers
of steerage passengers and this resulted In the drowning of many who
might have been Baved. Many of
them were left asleep in their berths
and went down with the ship, unaware
that the boat had struck an iceberg
and was sinking.
She stated that there were only two
stewards to awaken nearly 800 steerage passengers. This was not enough
as the two, she said, could not get
around to more than a small number.
Miss Kelly's relatives expressed Indignation at what they believe to have
been an attempt by employes of the
White Star line to sign away . all
claims for damages against the com
pany by securing Miss Kelly's signature to a receipt for $25 which she
found pinned to her underwear when
she left St. Vincent's hospital In New
According to the girl, four men entered ' her room and ln the presence
of a nurse and a priest instructed her
to sign a piece of paper. She complied, believing lt to be a railroad ticket to Chicago.
Other survivors among the steerage
passengers have stated that officers
fired their revolvers to prevent the
third-class passengers from getting up
on deck to save themselves. The Idea
seemed to prevail that flrst and second class passengers should be glven
the preference and that the steerage
passengers were of a "lower grade of
beings," whose lives were of no value
In comparison with those who occupied the flrst and second cabins.
From an unverified third class passenger list In the hands of the local
agents of the White Star line it was
estimated that, the Titanic carried
750 persons, men, wome and children,
in the steerage. Of this number, the
agents estimate, 250 as the number
saved, leaving 500 as the estimated
number of thl -d class passengers lost.
Political Control By the Workers Is Necessary to
Make Co-operation a Beneficial Success.
, ByW.S. Morgan.
The three great agricultural organizations that have had their existence
ln the past half century were founded
upon the principle of co-operation.
This principle had it^ development
not only in local application, but it
reached out' to include the consumer.
The farmers were not satisfied with
co-operative selling of the products
of their labor, but they extended the
principle to co-operative buying.
They not only constructed warehouses in which to store the farm
products, but they built co-operative
stores and stocked .them with merchandise to the end that they might
economize in both buying and selling.
They figured that middlemen's pro-
tits were unreasonable, and soon they
learned that railroad charges were,
in many cases, extortionate.
Many of these enterprises were conducted by men of good business ability, sterling integrity and devotion to
duty. They used every effort in their
power to successfully conduct the business which had been placed in their
care. That in most instances they
failed is a matter of history. There
are instances, however, where enterprises started under the auspices of
the Grange movement are still doing
a successful business. These instances
are few, however, and in a majority of
cases have adopted . methods of a
greater or less extent in accordance
with capitalistic system which surrounds them.
I cite the above facts for two reasons. First—to show that the farmer
is receptive of education along cooperative lines; and, second—to point
out that isolated and sporadic efforts
to establish co-operation have always
fallen far short of success.
I am fully aware that there are now
ln existence fruit, vegetable and other associations that make great savings
by co-operating in the growing and
shipping of their products. This saving, however, is accomplished through
shipping in full carload lots and consequent reduction of freight charges.
There are also some advantages to
be had in being able to sell in large
Wherever succes has resulted in
the efforts of local associations it only
shows the great advantages of cooperation, and emphasizes the importance of universalizing it.
If all the peach growers in the United States could te organized into one
association for mutual benefit and
economic purpose there is little doubt
but what they could realize a good per
cent over what they now receive, and
at the same time furnish their product
to the consumer at a lower price than
he now pays. The same may be said
of any other product of the orchard or
If such organizations could be effected, embracing In their membership practically all the farmers and
fruit growers in the United States, I
do not hesitate to say that the consummation of such an enterprise
would be hailed with joy by a very
large majority of the producers and
consumers all over the country.
The principal objection to such an
undertaking would come from the
parasites of trade who levy toll on
the products as they pass through the
commercial channels on the way from
the producer to the consumer.
So discouraging have been the attempts of the past to establish successful co-operation among the farmers that lt requires a period of ten
to fifteen years for them to again organize themselves into a body and renew their efforts to escape the extortionate metheds which the parasites
of commerce place upon them.
Why these efforts fail Is a mystery
to many, if not most, of the farmers
who have participated in them. In
many cases where a co-operative store
has been established lt has failed because of the fierce competition of other stores that could afford to sell at
less than cost for the purpose of get
ting rid of a competitor which threatened to permanently wipe out all their
profits and destroy their business. The
same may be said of other isolated
co-operative enterprises.
These things the farmer knows as
well as the writer.
But .what is th? remedy?
In all attempts' which the farmers
have made up to the present time to
free  themselves  from  the  extortion-l
ate toll which our present system
places upon both what they sell and
what they buy, they have found themselves in a fierce conflict with combination on one side and competition
on the other.
It is, therefore, not strange to a
man who has gone deep into the industrial problem that these periodical efforts, though numerically strong,
should fail. i
So far as the wealth creators and
small dealers are concerned, the laws
of this country are made to flt the
competitive system.
Combinations of capital in the shape
of corporation j have laws «nade to
their order and for their special purposes. One of those purposes is to
levy toll upon the wealth produced by
the working me*n and working women of the country. In every instance
where these special privileges are conferred upon corporations they are
nothing less than bold and outright
robbery under the specious nameB of
protection and subsidy.
No plan that can be adopted for
business or industrial co-operation
can be made a success while these toll
gates, which are protected by law,
remain along the highways of commerce. Every farmers' organization,
as 'well as every trades union has
learned the disappointing lesson that
their efforts are frustrated by laws
already on the statute books, or for
the want of such laws as would protect them in their enterprises. As
a result, these organizations' have
found it necessary to send committees to attend the sessions of the legislative bodies of the states and the
nation to protest against legislation
unfavorable to their Interests and to
secure the passage of such laws as are
necessary for their protection. That
these attempts have been almost wholly a failure is a fact beyond successful dispute.
I refer to these efforts to secure favorable legislation for the purpose of
promoting and protecting the interests
of the wealth producers for two reasons, viz., first, to show that the experience of all labor organizations
proves that no business co-operative
enterprises can be successfully conducted without some kind of political
action, to the end that their interests
may be protected from the savages
of commercial piracy; and, second, to
point out the fact that the practice of
sending committees to our lawmaking
bodies for the purpose of begging legislation from the two old capitalistic
parties is such an ignominious failure
as to be evident to every Intelligent
and unbiased person.
A sop only is occasionally thrown
to labor in order to keep the working-
men divided among themselves and
lined up against each other in the two
old capitalistic-controlled parties.
The Farmers' Alliance had for Its
motto, "The injury of one is the concern of alL" This Is true and applicable, not only to the farmers, but to
their brother, the wage earner In the
cities and towns.
If co-operation ls necessary ln order
that the wealth producer may have
the full measure of the products of
his toil and political action is essential to make these co-operative efforts
a success, it naturally follows that the
farmers and wage earners must be
united in political action as well as
in their business efforts.
The importance of united co-operative action along business lines is ad
mitted by the members of all labor
If a majority 'of the farmers agree
to hold their cotton, or any other product of the farm, until a certain price
can be received and some of them
put their cotton on the market at a
lower' price they are caled "scabs."
If a strike is ordered and the men
leave their work, those who take their
places are called "scabs."
What, then, can be said of the men
who, when united political action is
as necessary to the success of cooperative enterprises as is united business action, will go to the polls and
vote for the capitalistic parties which
are completely controller by 'thelit
Industrial masters who own tho jobs
of the wage earners, and who place
excessive toll on what the farmers
sell and buy?
(Continued on Page Four)
The power to labor or labor power
ls a commodity that is bought and
sold like any other. Like all other
commodities Its exchange value is determined by ; the amount of socially
necessary labor time embodied, in ita
production, 1. e., if a given number
of hours' lahpr time, Say 4 for Instance, aro necessary td produce
enough necessaries to keep a laborer
one day, that is to generate one day's
labor power, the exchange value of
that labor power and the necessaries
will be equal. During the balance of
the working day over and above the
4 hours ls expended ln producing
surplus value. This is where profit
originates and is produced, in fact,
ls the only source of profit, the-price
(wage) of labor power can- only be
forced above Its true exchange value
in times when laborers are scarce.
When there is a surplus (which has
now become a chronic state in the
labor market) the price (wage) will
sink below its true or exchange value.
Against the inexorable laws of exchange and the ungovernable condition of the labor market, no combination of men can successfully prevail: A clear uhderBtapding of the
commodity nature of labor power and
the inexorable law of exchange is
necessary to the-workers as a guide
to right action in working out their
own salvation.
8COUT OR 8PY?     <
i By Rudolph Knudsen
Boy Scouts! Of course, that is the
name! It sounds nice. And "spy" ls
ugly and brutal as truth itself. That
alone Is reason enough why we should
calf them "Scouts."
Or does anybody want the truth,
perhaps? No, indeed. It would frighten people, all the good timid people.
They do not want the plain undressed
truth, it is not polite enough. But
give them the truth modified, then
they accept almost anything.
The modified truth is capable of
fooling most of the people some ot
the time. Modified truth Is not fraud
directly, it is only a little hypnotism,
a little patriotism and a little superstition mixed well and smeared all
over an ugly lie to make the beast look
And when we put our boys in uniform and call them "scouts" then all
we good and simple minded people
do not perceive that it is militarism
itself that stretches out its blody Angers after the inocent little kids
trying to teach them the soldiers'
loathsome trade of killing men and
women, just like butchers killing pigs.
The first and last and most important duty of a scout is to obey orders
without question, Just as the regular
professional soldiers do.
It is an abdication of all independent thinking. It is a cunningly, well
dressed degradation into mental slavery.
But is that how we Bhould bring up
our children—and other people's
children? Train them while yet young
to be lackeys and flunkeys? Show
them the easiest way to flnd a master?
Should we? Or should we rather
appeal to their sense of honor and reason and teach them to be men, free-
thinking, proud and brave men? But
wouldn't that be dangerous for the
Copenhagen, Denmark.—At the municipal elections here the i Socialists
polled 50,473 votes out of a total of
103,040. In 1909 the Socialist vote was
44,845 out of 96,319. This gives the reds
21 seats instead of 20—which is exactly halt of the whole number.
The Radicals have four seats, the
Antl-Sqciallsts sixteen as before, and
there is also Miss Blom of the House
Mission, who has been in the council
since 1919, sometimes supporting the
Socialists and sometimes taking part
with tbe reactionaries. During the election, placards in favor ot this lady
were carried about with the inscription, "For morality and temperance,"
but some of those who carried them
had inclined so much toward alcohol
that the police had to interfere with
Besides Miss Blom there are five
other women in the council.of whom
two—Miss Crone and Mrs. Johansen
—are Social Democrats, two anti-
Socialists %nd one Radical.
Before the introduction of the pro-
portionul system ln 1909, the Socialists had an electoral alliance with
tho Radicals, but now that this Ib no
longer necessary, and the latter are
dependent on their own supporters
alone, thilr weakness is clearly seen.
It is becoming more and more a
straight fight between Socialists and
anti-Socialists. I
When the I-andsthing, in discussing
the new municipal franchise, insisted
on the clause that when a certain increase in the rates of Copenhagen
took place there should be a special
election, they did so with the idea
of giving the capitalist parties an opportunity of breaking the power of
the Socialists, and hoped great things
of newly introduced women's suffrage.
These hopes have not been realized.
Chief among the causes of the great
Iobs of life in the -Titanic disaster was
the lack, not only of a sufficient number of lifeboats for passengers and
crew, but a lack of able seamen,
trained ln the proper handling of boats
and experienced In the dangers of the
The "unsinkable" Titanic, "queen of
the ocean," the "marvel of the ages,"
carried in its crew only forty or fifty
able seamen! It has been stated that
the ship carried a crew of 860.
On the face of it this looks like a
good sized crew, and under trained
leadership of navigation officers ought
to be able to handle any emergency.
From statements made by the rescued
lt appears, however, that lt took nearly two hours to lower the Tltanlc's
twenty boats. Experienced seamen
declared today, when pressed for an
explanation as to why in their opinion
so large a crew should consume so
much time in lowering the boats, that
of the larger number classed as the
"crew" not more than fifty were able
Thomas A. Hanson, treasurer of the
Lake Seaman's Union, and a Bait water sailor of twenty years' experience,
was Interviewed regarding this feature
of the disaster. Hanson said that of
the 8G0 about 350 were firemen and
stokers, 300 stewards, waiters and
waitresses, about 100 were navigating
officers and various minor officials and
the remainder actual seamen of experience, capable of understanding orders from the navigating officers and
carrying out orders in moments of
Sure it would! Where and howl
would they then be able to get their Yoll,re a reader of the Western ciar-
servants and slaves? Why, that lo' ion Yeg_ You're a wage slave. Yes.
Just tbe secret. Therefore give the you're looking forward to the time
boys a feather in their cap and a gun when you .can throw off your chains,
in their hands and teach them to shoot | Ycs    You know that only the aboli.
when told to, without ever thinking
about whom they shoot, be It father,
mother or working comrade. Teach
them impartiality! Shoot, and shoot
to kill'!    Obey orders!
Defend your boss In his Interests
and never think of yourself or of
your own family, your own interests!
Such is "civilization," modern capi-
tion of the present system will benefit
the working class. Yes. You aro doing all you can to put the other slaves
wise. No. Then how do you expect
to bo freed from wage slavery yourself? There is a Socialist local ln
your town. Why not go there and
tell them that you want to help In the
distribution of leaflets?    Don't think
taltstic civilization   in   a   "Christian"] people aro ,aUKhlng at you wuilBt de.
llverlng them. If they do, you will
know that the laugh is on the wrong
side. They will get used to you coming and they will eventually expect
you every week. If there is no local
ln your town, let us send you, say, 100
lacflcts every week. You will soon
have others helping you. Don't wait.
Do lt now! One hundred a week for
10 weekB, $1.50.
Or is it only barbarism in disguise?
And is the "Dick militia bill" our
new bible?
Who cares nowadays for Confucius
and Jesus, who told us to do to others
as we would that others should do
to us?
Oh, no. Now Taft and the Supreme
Court are our highest authority. They
work for capitalism, and the god of
capitalism ls the devilish trinity of
"profit, rent and Interest," and the boy
scouts—or spies—uro his vanguards.
There Is one way, and only one way,
to stop this madness; abolish the
whol fraudulent profit system, and wo
shall need no more professional man
killers called either scouts, spies or
Ten comrades of Kingman, Alta.,
have signed and sent in an application for a charter of tho S. P. of C.
local Vancouver
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
SATURDAY,   MAY  4,  1912.
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St., Vancouver,
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ription   expires   the  next  issue.
SATURDAY,   MAY  4,  1912.
There is one institution in modern
society that a great many people fancy Bhould be treated with exceptional
gentleness lest the feelings of its
benefiiciaries and devotees be hurt
or some violence be done to things
made sacred by virtue of divine dispensation. The particular institution
referred to .is the Church. Iiet the
contumacious Socialist but take a
smash at,this sacred institution and
a wall of distress is heard from troubled souls that would lead one to
think that its devotees have mighty
little faith in its stability. Sffrely if it
cannot withstand the assaults of
soap-boxers and scribblers of the Socialist cult, it is not "built upon a
rock," as some have supposed. I
The question, "Why attack the
Church?" is often asked. The answer
Ib easy. Because the church always
attacks Socialism. Being part and
parcel of the capitalist system, it can
bave no other conception of property
than that upon which the present exploitation of Labor is based. However much lt may profess to deal in
spiritual goods, payment therefor will
only be accepted in material substance drawn from the same source
from which comes the wealth and power of the Capitalist Class, viz., the robbery of the Working Class under the
■wage process. As the Church draws
Its sustenance from the plunder of
the Working Class, it must, from sheer
necessity, remain loyal to the system
of property that makes such plunder
possible. Either that or go out of business.
That the Church is merely a part
of the capitalist machinery for holding
the workers in leash for exploitation
Is naively, though unconsciously stated by the New York Times in a recent
editorial ln the following words: "The
Church is uncompromising in its opposition to Socialism; it denounces it;
lt warns the faithful against it."
This statement was called forth as
a result of a course ot lectures delivered by a Jesuit priest called "Father" Vaughn, in New York. Being
celibates, as everyone knows, Just why
a. priest should be called "Father" Ib
not clear. But at any rate the "Father" has unsheathed his trusty tongue
■ and delivered the goods ln six Instalments as aforesaid. His work in
demolishing Socialism proved so effective in New York that he has been
commissioned to repeat the performance in six acts in Boston, Washington, Detroit, Cincinnati, Chicago, St.
Louis, Butte, Portland, Spokane, St.
Paul, Denver, San Francisco, Kansas
City, Los Angeles and Vancouver. So
it is evidently all off with the Socialist
But  while  we    realize
his lifetime here and spending the
other half trying to hold one he ought
to bo quite satisfied with the steady
job thus assured him through "everlasting eternity." What more could
he reasonably expect?
After giving some fatherly advice
to the capitalists the valiant Vaughn
hands the' workers this bunch of
"To wage-earners, men and women,
I would say: You have a right to form
unions and by means of unions enforce your just demands for a living
wage and human conditions both in
your workshops and in your homes.
But there is a.word of warning which
you must let me add: It is a word
which I utter as a friend of the workingman, as a friend who in season and
out of season has lifted his voice in
behalf of the toiling masses, and who
during these conferences had nothing
more at heart than to win a hearing
for the toilers. That word of warning
is:      '
"In your labor unions, in your disputes with your employers, nay, even
in the sad necessity of a strike, never, never, commit yourselves to the
leadership of men who are the enemies of Christ and who, if true to their
principles, must rob you of the dearest
possession you have, your Christion
In other words "enforce your just
demands," but don't allow an "enemy
of Christ" to help you, for fear he
might rob you of your "Christian
faith." It might be well to remark that
your "Christian faith" has no value
outside of yourselves. If It had your
masters would have long since swiped
it as they have Bwiped everything else
from you that they could, turn to account. Your Christian faith" possesses a cash value* to your masters
only so long as you still remain loaded up with it. As long as you are
loaded up with that'sort of dope you
have no room for the knowledge that
it is necessary to possess before your
class can fight its way clear of capitalist rule and exploitation.
We do not know exactly who are
the "enemies of Christ," but if we
are to believe what we have heard in
regard to what he taught when on
earth, we do not believe peddlers of
the Vaughn type of tommy-rot could
properly be classed as his friends.
Be that as it may, however, we know
that the Church is bound to combat
Socialism to the beBt of its ability, but
even at its best its efforts may be
looked upon as a huge joke. That!
which Is based upon faith stands but
a poor show against that which builds
upon tacts. Let the fight go on.
Vaughn will not be the only joke perpetrated during the melee.
spring up between masters, as such,
as well as between their employees,
as workingmen. The individual master loses his individuality, and that
of his capital, in the corporation, combine and trust. The individuality of
the workman is lost in the great social
force of which he has become a part
—the organized army of labor.
It is by no means strange that this
revolution in industry, which has so
effectively organized the workers lti
social production and altered their
ideas and conception of industry and
all that pertains thereto, should, in
time so impress itself upon their
minds that they would realize Its significance and consciously assume the
task of completing the revolution, by effecting such changes in property rights
in, and the control of, Industry as
would bring the benefits thereof within the reach of all members of human society alike. This consciousness is now awakening in the minds
of not only the workingmen, but many
others in various walks of life.   The
violence, or incitement thereto have
the police or reporters on the spot
been-able to put their linger on. From
the first day until now, in spite of the
provocative actions of the authorities,
there has not been one single instance
of unlawful or disorderly conduct that
the organization could be charged
Such things as fact and truth, however, cannot be allowed to stand In
the way of the rehabilitation of the
Liberal campaign chest, and the possible donors must be convinced that,
however efficiently the present Conservative administration is handling
the matter, it would appear as but
bungling incompetency alongside the
methods that the Liberal party,
through its official organ, says that it
would adopt if it had the power.
For the cowardly hireling who pens
the editorials of the Liberal "Sun,"
and talks so glibly of putting these
peaceable strikers in the stocks,
throwing them in the river, or giving
them a coat of tar and feathers, there
culmination of the revolution, by the' can only be contempt. All med have
transformation of capitalist property to live, and if he has been forced to
in the means of production, into "the I prostitute himself to such base uses
collective  property  of    the  working | to get his meal ticket, contempt can
During the past few centuries there
has been effected a complete transformation or revolution in industry.
The major portion ot this transformation has occurred within the last century. While it is not yet complete it
has so nearly reached completion as
to'be, for all practical purposes, finished.    This   revolution   in   industry
class," is now being looked upon as
a logical sequence to what has already
occurred. It no longer excites any
appreciable' alarm amongst, the workers, and as it becomes more thoroughly understood by them, it will excite
still less.
That the control of industry will
pass from the Capitalist Class to the
Working* Class is as certain as that
the sun will rise on the morrow. If
the powers that be are sufficiently
wise to refrain from attempting to
put serious obstacles .in its way, it
will come with peace and order, like
a glorious dawn after the tempestuous terrors of a night of storm. If
those powers are lacking in such wisdom it will come some other way, perhaps "In the full panoply of war, with
wild dishevelled locks and shod in
iron sandals."
be tinged with pity, but the lesson for
all workers to learn from It is that
both parties, Liberal or Conservative,
will vie with each other to serve the
interests of the" beast of capital when
they are threatened by the manifestation of a spirit of revolt in its slaves.
They have the power to enforce the
will of capital upon its victims, ind
the eagerness of one to tackle the
job is only superior to that of the oth
er by reason of being in a position
of "greater freedom and less respon
the wll Is there in both.
The necessity of Independent political action of the workers through the
Socialist Party is being constantly
emphasized by the enemy itself.
J. H. B.
Socialist   Party  Directory
mmxtxwiow uscuim committee
Socialist Party of Canada, meets -second and fourth Monday. Secretary,
E. T. Klngsley, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St.,  Vancouver, B.  C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada,' meets second and fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St. E. T. Kingsley, Secretary. '
Socialist' Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secretary, Box 647, Calgary.
Committee: Notice—This card is inserted for the purpose of getting
••YOU" interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St., Winnipeg.
Committee, Socialist Party -of Canada,
meets every second and fourth -Sundays in the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace any,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, **nx
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
Headquarters, RoonY206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir Street. Business meeting
every 2nd and 4th Friday in the month.
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
LOOAL   OBXBNWOOD,   B.   C,    NO.    9,
S. P. of C" meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Primerlle, Secretary.
The Liberal party, both here and
elsewhere, has always posed as the
one real champion of all that Is good,
honest and upright In politics, government, literature, religion, and is
constantly asserting that it is the
heaven-appointed custodian of the
movements that make for reform, the
square deal, the moral uplift and a lot
of other terms that each mean as much
or as little as the other. Nobody Is
so sore and hurt as your true Liberal
when the "great principles" enunciated by the prophets of his political creed
are assailed, disregarded, or described
as inapplicable (o modern conditions
None are so dead as those who don't
know it
The Vancouver World used to be
the organ of the Liberal party ln this
neck of the woods, but somehow or
other lt fell from grace some time previous to the last provincial election
and waB thrown into the discard by
the party. The policy of the paper
in regard to news in which laboring
people were interested, such as strikes
and lockouts, was to give the workers'
has  substituted  social  or  mass  pro
dumtion,  for  the  old-time  individual' own B|de 0-lt-,, a fairly decent man-
production of days gone by. t As the' nerj an(j it actually had the temerity
Church has declared war against Socialism we can but regard the "Father"
Vaughan's and other doughty warriors ot similar ecclesiastical type'as
somewhat of a joke. For instance,
Vaughn asserts in one of his New
York lectures against Socialism, that
"you can no more revolutionize human nature than you can turn Iron Into gold," and in the next breath declares, "it is our mission to teach
all the world that we have a common
origin and a common destiny; that the
same nature in us has the same yearnings for peace, rest and happiness.'
The Socialists are Hirst accused of
wishing to change human nature.
This the good "Father" says cannot
be done. Then he assures us that
buman nature is already of such a
character as to compel each and every one of us to yearn mightily for
"peace, rest and happiness." If human nature ls such a lovely and soulful creation as all that, no revolutionizing ls necessary and if, we all yearn
in unison and keep It up long enough
we will no doubt attain to tbat beatific brotherhood whicli Vaughan asserts to be "a rivalry of service In the
interests of our common Father in
Heaven, whose love and home shall
be ours throughout the everlasting
day of eternity," this wlll, Indeed, be
a happy and satisfying solution of the
harried wage-slaves' mundane difficulties.   After chasing a job one-half of
ancient hand tools used by the individual workman for the purpose of
fashioning from nature the things
needful to supply the creature comforts of his time, have grown by slow
degrees into the gigantic, powerful
and complicated tools of today, by
equally slow degrees has the individual workman of old been merged Into
the immensely powerful and efficient
battalion's of labor that now .carry on
the processes of production, not as individuals, but as an organized social
force. '
As the primitive hand tool of production has been swallowed up ln the
giant mechanical tools of our times,
that  the|B0 has the lndlvldual workman been
swallowed up ln the grand army of
labor equlslte for their operation.
As the revolution ln Industry has
step by step broken down the pre
vious Individual process and supplanted lt with collective and organized
production, it may be realized that a
corresponding change in ideas, conceptions, manner and modes of .thought,
must of necessity follow among those
who were thus being molded into the
component parts of a new industrial
order so completely ln contra-distinc-
tion to the old. As the workmen have
been gradually drawn together Into
an organized and disciplined industrial force by the relentless powers
of modern machinery It logically follows that, by the same token, they
have been compelled to abandon their
previous individual method of thought
and action and think and act together.
Ab they have been forced by the logic
of events to learn to work together, bo
have they been driven to abandon their
previously narrow individualistic view
point and to see and consider matters
from that of the collective or organized body.
The revolution In Industry thus carries ewith lt a corresponding revolution
ln Ideas In the mlndB of men. It brings
with it new relations between the different members of human Bociety.
These altered  relations are not con-
to deny the all-wool lies that were
circulated by the rest of the capitalist
press in Vancouver during the general strike twelve months ago. Now
Liberals don't mind the enunciation
of beautiful "principles," and would
like to see them applied to their own
benefit, but to publish even a fair account of the workers' side of any labor
trouble by the official organ of the
party would be detrimental to the
health of the campaign chest—give it
galloping consumption, aB it were. So,
in the name of Liberal "principles,"
(save the mark) the official spokesman of the party solemnly excommunicated and cast out the unclean thing.
They have now an official organ that
peddles the real, simon-pure, all-wool-
and-a-yard-wide Liberal ydope, The
mis-handled Liberal "principles," battered and sore from the unskilful
treatment they have been exposed to,
now repose on nice velvet cushions ln
a nice glass case, from which the
curtain ls periodically drawn aside
that the faithful may have a reverent
peep to make sure that they are still
there, and the really and truly Lib
eral Policy is once more being ably
expressed by the brand-new Liberal
organ—the Sun,
Hungry men are not governed by
ethics, and the Liberal party is starv
ing for money. Not knowing that It
is dead, although the evidence of an
advanced stage ot decomposition Ib
quite sufficiently obvious to people in
whom the political olfactory sense
still functions, It Ib striving to rehabilitate Itself ln the eyes of those who
possess the wherewithal to assuage
tho pangs of financial hunger by the
most unblushing campaign of deliberate lying, wilful distortion and misrepresentation of the facts, and incitement of what borders upon murder,
that has ever been seen on this continent outside of Los Angeles. The
occasion for this outburst of journalistic Liberal sewage is the strike on
the C.N.R. in B.C. and the particular
object at which all the vemon Ib eject-
fined to those existing between mas-i cd Is the I. W. W„ which Is managing
A Comrade from Fernie writes us,
stating that we never gave proper
cedlt to the vote polled by Comrade
Wm. Davidson in the late B. C. elections. We were expecting something
of this nature, as after writing all local secretaries and candidates just
before election day asking for full
particulars, we • received two replies,
and up to date of writing only three
have sent in returns.
The Comrade who wrote stated that
we credited J. Harrington, candidate
for Fernie in 1909 with 813' votes,
which waB not correct, which goes to
show that the same lack of information resulted in the wrong vote being
published in 1909 from which we got
our  information  for  this  year.
The names of candidates we also
published just before election and
Com. John Mclnnls was stated to be
running in Cariboo, whereas the local
had no thought of running a candidate. We admit we got our information from the capitalist press, which
apparently through la*ffk of organization was not forthcoming from the
proper source, and if we had refrained
from publishing names of candidates
and results of the voting, unless we
obtained it from the locals, we would
nave been probably waiting results
Now, comrades, its up to you to see
to lt that information tbat the local
Is desirous of having published ls
sent direct to the Western Clarion
and that a motion to this effect ls put
through at the local's business meeting and the secretary Instructed to
forward same to Clarion. In future
nothing will be published in the Clarion regarding elections unless it comes
from the proper source. Locals ln
Alberta who are preparing to run
candidates please take notice. Write
on one side of paper only, write plain,
and be exact. \
Under Socialism the people of the
world, the workers of all nations, will
have Interests In common, through the
collective ownership, by the workers
of the world, of the earth and the
plants of production and all that the
collective labor of the workers produce within the world's Industries,
and that commonality of interests,
that oneness of working class pur;
pose, removes the cause and necessity
of war and bloodshed—thus with the
abolition of capitalism and its mode
of production for class, as against
mass, interests, war will vanish from
the fact of the earth.   Speed the day!
British Columbia coal miners are
compelled to pay twHo weeks' rent
every second week so as to clear up
the rent that was not paid during the
recent strike. This leaves the coal
miner practically without a cent every
payday.   What a glorious system!
Modern conditions require modern,
scientific handling for the benefit of
humanity.   Socialism ensures this.
Due Stamps, each ., 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 25c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 50c
Due Cards, per 100 $1.00
Constitutions, each   5c
Receipt Books, each 10c
Warrant Books, esjch 25c
LOCAL    FERNIE,   S.  P.   of   C,    HOLD
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer. secretary, Box 380.
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secretary, P.O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in ■ Finlandors' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m: A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O
Box 64, Rossland.    ,
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
flrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Free word for every body, at 512 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
A-d  Kreekls.
LOOAL  VANCOUVEB,   B.    C,    MO.    4B,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 2217
Main Street.    Secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at li p.m. on ths flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Bualness meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendenning, Box IS,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
information any day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W. Graham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room ls open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
Secretary, A. Farmilo, 622 First St.;
Organizer,  W.   Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters. 429 Eighth Ave. East, between Third and Fourth streets. F.
Tipping, Secretary.
every Sunday, Trades Hall, •' p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, I
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1046.
of C. Headauarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, I*.ossan Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at I
p.m.; economic class, Friday at t p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
LOOAX MICKBL, ■'.' 0., MO. IB, B. P.
ot C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. in
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs;
and third Sundays of each month al
10:36 a.m. In the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
LOOAL   NELSON,   8.  P.  of  ft,  MBBTB
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
S. P. of C. meets every Sunday in
hall in Empress Theatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    L. H. Qorham, Secretary.
S. P. of C- Meets flrst and third Bun-
days in .the month, at 4 p.m., is
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock,  Box  1983 ^^H
OP C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, I p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organizer,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slavea welcome.
B. P. OP ft— Headquarters 628% Main
Street. Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic clar
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
in Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8  o'clock.    Discussion  Invited.
LOOAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   ft,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secre-
LOOAL SANSON, B. ft, NO. 36, B. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
ln the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandnn. B. C.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  NO.  8,  B. P.  of ft—
Business meetings the first Sunday ln
the month at 3 o'clock p.m. at headquarters. Secretary, Sam Horwlth.
Headquarters, 3G 1-2 Rideau Street-
Phone 277. Address, 322 Gladstone
LOOAL VICTORIA NO. 3, B. ,P. of ft—
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Itoom 2, over Colll.s-
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
Theatre. ■■
No. 61, meeta every Friday night at
t p.m. In Public Library Room. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Organizer. B*|Hi
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every 'Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
LOOAL OLACE BAT, Ho. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters ln Kukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting- at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 158; Harold G. Ross, organizer.
Box 605.
Nova    Scotia.—Business
ganda meetings every second        	
at 7:30 In (he S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wil'iam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
and    propa-
TION of the S. P. of C, Is organise!]
for    the   purpose   of   educating   the
! Ukralnean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnistlno Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comradea desiring information re the Federation,
write to J. Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the rs-
-'dutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of ths
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist elass. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker •
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in* the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, 'under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of ths
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it ky
political action.   This is the class struggle.'
Therefore, we -call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with ths object of conquering ths
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows: /
_ 1. Ths transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc) into the collective property of tha working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
th* workers. ;
3. The «jr*-«blishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, ths
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.    .
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands-in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
ters and workmen.   New relationships" the strike.   Not one authentic case of Buttons, each  40c
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies s-  -   4.00 SATURDAY,  MAY. 4,  1912.
Meeting of the executive held April
23, 1912. Present, Comrades Danby,
Smart, Tipping and the* Secretary.
Correspondence read and dealt
with from locals Bellevue, Mountain
House, Kingman and the Western
Clarion. ,     \
The follorwing report from Organizer Budden was read and filed:
taskewln, Red Deer and Calgary.
Wetaskawin branch—Content, Del-
burn, Brskine, Stettler, Halkirk.
LaCombe branch—Daysland, Cam-
rose, Killain, Lougheed. >
Meetings in Hardlsty by proxy, Rev.
It being almost an- impossibility to
*$55, collections $80.   Total $135.
In hand   on   reaching   Calgary, $7.
Report of Tour Through Alberta, February and March, 1912.   »
Comrades of the Provincial Executive:
Fifty meeting held around Calgary
and Edmonton branch of C. P. R.
-Edmonton,   Mlllett,   LaCombe,  We-
Meeting Creek branch — Meeting
Crek and surrounding cpuntry.
West of Calgary and Edmontoi*..
Eagle Valley, Mound, Derbytown, Red
Raven, Wood's House, Caroline, Shllo,
Marshvllle, Bently, etc.
Numerous meetings in other school
Comrades of Alexandra, Sedgewich,
I  Camrose,   Erskine,  Innisfail  will  try
to place' candidates in the field this
coming election. I
Over fifty Clarion subscriptions taken. Sale of books, $35. Finances,
keep track of the money spent with
anything like correctness, the Comrades will please excuse the brief
rendering of the account. Expenses
cover hotel, rail and hire of halls,
posters, etc. I was able to organize
Local Kingman, helped to reorganize
Local Red Raven and held various
economic classes.
Balance on hand lust meeting. .$19.00
Local Innisfail, mem. cards       1C
Kingman, charter and supplies.    8.00
Local Calgary, due stamps     5.00
Base, Portland. Ore.; W. "Gribble,
Cumberland, B. C; E. Campbell, Rossland; M. S. Sou Wellington; N, D.
Thuehuk, Canmore; W. K. Bryce,
Demalne, Sask.; H. Samson, W. Byatt,
O. Metcalf, J. R. Kinnaird, J. Patterson, city.
Tottenham branch, S. P. O., B. 20;
M. Eldermere, Springfield, N. S„ 10;
George Keith, Harbour Mines, N. S.,
10; G. Westlin, Wheat Belt, Alta, 5;
H. H. Stuart, Newcastle, N. B„ 5.
Victoria is losing 1^ place, too
many hustlers in Winnipeg and Calgary. Toronto looks like getting over,
too. South Hill and Regina have
dropped off but they are still qualified
to go after the prize of two volumes
of Ancient Lowly.    •
This is how they stand this week:
Vancouver, B. C     1
Winnipeg, Man     2
Calgary,   Alberta   3
Victoria, B. C .**, i 4
Toronto, Ont.  ,,     5
Edmonton, Alta.	
Fernie, B. C     7
Brandon, Man    8
Cumberland, B. C     9
Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan 10
Montreal,   Quebec 11
New Westminster, B. C '-. 12
Nelson, B, C.,,  13
Sllverton, British Columbia 14
N.   Battleford,   Sask.." 15
South Fort George, B. C 16
Ottawa, Ont.  17
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia 18
Revelstoke, B.  C 19
Brantford,   Ontario  20
Send ln for mailing list and rUstle
up the expiring subs.
Total    $32.41
Western Clarion, for card $ 3.00
Dominion Executive Committee,
for charter     1.00
B. E. Anderson, postage     1.60
Balance  on  hand  26.91
B. E. ANDERSON, Sec'y.
Alberta Prov. Exec. Com.
Here is a chance for some Locals
to show what they can do ln the sub.
hustling line besides getting out of
the cellar. I have in my possession
the two volumes of "The Ancient
Lowly," by C. Osborne Ward (complete. These I will present postage
paid to whichever of the following
Locals that succeeds in coming nearest to No. 1 from now until the 30th
of June next. Every week there is
published in this paper a list of Locals
and their standing in regards to the
number of subs, going to each, No. 1
being the highest and 20 the lowest..
These two volumes will make a fine
addition to your library or you can
sell them for $2.00 each or $4.00 for
both. Now who gets them? The
Locals entitled to compete are: New
Westminster, B. O; Cumberland,
B. C; NelBon, B. C; South Fort
George, B. C; Silverton, B. C; N.
Battleford, Sask.; Ottawa, Ont.; Regina, Sask.; Glace Bay, N. S.; South
Hill, Sask.
Note:—Every sub. you send ln
counts on thjs one.—Leeds.
Comrades: Those revolutionists of
this district interested, in running a
candidate at the next Provincial election communicate with me at Mountain House P. O., Alta.
Locals Olds, Mound, Eagle Hill,
Horseshoe Lake, etc., take notice. Get
busy or quit. \
Yours in revolt,
The Clarion has no one but its
readers to help lt. We get nothing but
knocks from other papers, but let
them keep up their knocking. It
won't do much harm, whilst we have
a bunch of subscription hustlers like
those mentioned below to help put the
wage-plug in the way of a useful education.
How many ot your are going to help
put the wage plug wise? Double this
list /next week and the rest of the
readers will feel like getting out and
hustling like these have done.
Dan Cochrane, Glace Bay, N. S....10
Local Toronto, No. 1, Ont  6
C .M. O'Brien, organizer, Alta  6
Alf Budden, organizer, Alta  4
T. Mellalleu, Calgary, Alta..  4
A. E. Tipper, Vancouver  4
H. Baker, Winnipeg, Man  4
E. Johnson, Beaver Point, B. C  3
D. A. Maclean, Calgary, Alta  3
A. W. Baker, Brantford, Ont  2
H. Gv Ross, Glace Bay, N. S....... 2
L. Sldaway, Vancouver   2
D. Paton, Fernle, B. C  2
J. B. Turner, Fernle, B. C  2
F. Tipping, Calgary, Alta  2
M. Llghtstone, Calgary, Alta  2
A. Stewart, Moose Jaw. Sask  2
E.  H.  Flegg,  Winnipeg,  Man.;   H.
Baron,  Winnipeg;   B.  Peake, Winnipeg; Thomas E. Mason, Montreal; A.
Mlrkin, Dominion, No. 6 N. S.; E. T.
Readers of the Western Clarion will
greatly oblige the editorial staff by
not writing articles for publication
in the Clarion. We don't mind telling
you that we get all kinds of papers on
our exchange list, and we prefer to
get articles out of those papers than
from our readers. This method not
only gives our readers and party members a chance to go to the ball game,
but also puts us in the good books
of other editors and writers in other
countries, whose articles we publish.
We admit' some of the articles are
punk, but if they were all good articles
there would be no discussion in the
locals on them. We may lose several
readers by these punk articles, but we
are not trying to satisfy readers. We just want to advertise
writers. We keep our staff busy cutting out articles from other papers.
We admit- he could do other useful
work if he did not have to look up articles ln other papers, but we prefer
him to do this and we wtll Increase
our staff to do the other work.
Sometimes we get stuck for copy,
as for instance; this week we waded
through about 40 exchanges and found
nothing worth publishing (this is not
unusual), bo we went .to work and
looked up some old articles in the
back numbers of the Clarion.
We know there are lots of good writers ln Canada but we prefer to keep
them in the dark for a while as they
may get notorious and lose the job]
they are holding down. So whatever
you do don't write anything for the
Clarion; it will save you paper and
time and also make more work at this
office.   Nuff sed.
Capitalism might not be unfairly described as a system under which the
more the workers produce the less
they get, and this fact throws a glaring light upon the gospel of increased
efficiency and explains to some extent
why the workers will voluntarily have
none of It.
The report of the Census Bureau for
1909 on the manufacture of dynamite
and explosives generally gives a remarkable illustration of this and other
facts insisted upon by Socialists. The
figures given for 1909 are compared in
the report with those for 1904.
In the latter year there were 124
concerns engaged ln the manufacture
of explosives. In 1909 the number was
86, a reduction of 38 establishments,
showing clearly the concentration of
the Industry.    ,
Socialists also contend that though
the units of production become fewer,
the capital engaged in the business
tends to increase. The report bears
this out completely, for the capital of
the 124 concerns in 1904 was $42,307,-
000 and of the 86 in 1909 was $50,-
168,000, ln round numbers an Increase
of $8,000,000.
The cost of material In those years
Increased from $17,204,000 to $22,812,-
000, or some four and a half millions.
In 1904 there werb ln the 124 firms
7,089 employes of all classes. In 1909
in the 86 concerns there were 7,037 employes of all classes, a decrease of 52,
which, while highly   significant   and
■       i
counting on our side of the question,
we still will not take into the calculation.
Now what amount of product did
these 7,000 odd employes produce In
the years mentioned?
Here are the figures: The 7,000 of
1909 produced, 177,156,851 pounds of
dynamite, and in 1904, 130,920,829
pounds. Other explosives: Nitroglycerin', 1904, 7,935'936 pounds; 1909,
28.913,253 pounds. Blasting powder
(25-pound kegs), 1904, 8.217,248: 1909,
9,339,087. Gunpowder, 1904, 19,383,944
pounds; 1909, 12,862,700 pounds. "Permissible explosives," 1904, none; 1909,
9.607,448 pounds. Other explosives,
1904, 6,303,825 pounds; 1909, 7,464,825
A summary of this production shows
that 7,037 "•workers in 1909 produced,
roughly speaking, some 468,000,000
pounds of explosives, and 7,089 in 1904
produced but 360,000,000 pounds, or
110,000,000 pounds less. That Ib to
say, the output Increased, roughly
speaking again, some 33 per cent, or
Now, how much more wages did the
7,000 of 1909 receive for this increased
This is the'showing for "wages and
salaries" for both years. The 7.000 of
1909 received altogether 5,438,000 for
producing 470,000.000 pounds of explosives, and the 7,000 of 1904 received
15,106.000 fdr producing 360,000,000
[pounds of explosive. That is to say,
|fpr a 33 per cent, increase in production they received a 6 per cent, increase in wages, with "salaries"—
which includes the large amounts paid
to the higher officials counted in.
There ls the result of increased efficiency under the competitive wage
system. Produce 33 and get 6 of it.
Fine showing, isn't it?
It Ib. Decidedly so. Did not the
president of the Powder Trust the
other day declare that he was pleased
to report a record year to the stockholders, the net profits being upward
of $16,000,000, a sum ' never before
reached in the history of the company? Decidedly a fine showing—for
the company.
Yes,"but how about the employes?
Well, ..if it is worth while to notice
them at all, this is how they fared:'
In 1'904 they received an average annual wage—salaries counted in—of
$730, and in 1909 an average annual
wage of $776. That Is, some 15 cents
per day increase.
Now, the cost of living since 1904
has gone up some 20 per cent, or
thereabouts, while wages increased, as
we have seen, 6 per cent. Which
means that the real wages have fallen
14 per cent., and that this reduction
Is the reward of the workers for increasing their efficiency by 33 per cent.
And it should be remembered that the
amount received falls considerably
short of that minimum of $800 annually which a few years ago, when the
cost of living was less than now, most
reformers agreed was the least on
which a worker with the average family could maintain a decent physical
existence alone. Further, the workers
actually took their lives ln their hands
in this occupation, and though they got
nothing for their "risk" except a reduction in real wages, the fellows that
"risked" their capital in a trust tbat
could not lose, got upward of $16,-
We take these figures from the Dally
Consular Report of March 22, where
they are quoted by the American Consul General at London ln his report on
the sale of explosives, and who is presumably familiar with the figures of
the Census Bureau of the country he
We have been pestered considerably
by critics who declaim against figures
quoted by Socialists as being misleading and purposely distorted with the
object of showing an ever increasing
share going to labor. We invite these
critics to get these figures, and see if
we have misrepresented them or
whether the conclusions we have
drawn from them are valid or not. We
do not claim that every Industry shows
the same conditions, but we do claim
and are prepared to maintain that
these figures testify every conclusion
we have drawn from them, and that
such conclusions are merely a matter
of simple arithmetic and involve no
complicated statistical calculations.
And the same challenge goes for any
apostle of the gospel of efficiency to
refute. Our "hat ls In the ring," as
T. R. says. We wait for some "effi
clent" person to come along and kick
it out.
And right now' we declare that it is .
not a matter of wonder to us that ■
workingmen who cannot figure theBe
matters out and know not the nature
of the system under which they are
exploited, but feel that exploitation In
reduced wages, for an increased product, sometimes (eel like taking part
of the product we have discussed and
blowing the exploiters off the face of
the earth with it. And while their desire to do so cannot be justified either
on grounds of morality, expediency or
practicability, it can easily be explained why lt exists.
P. S— In order to deal fairly with a
critic desiring to take up this matter,
we reproduce here, absolutely verbatim, the text and figures as they appear in the Consular Reports mentioned :
According to a report for 1909 issued
by the Census Bureau, the number of
establishments engaged ln the manufacture of explosives in the United
States was 86, as against 124 in 1904;
the capital Involved, however, increased from $42,307,000 to $50,168,000.
The cost of material was $17,204,000 in
1904 and $22,812,000 in 1909. The average number of employes of all classes
ln 1909 was 7,037, against 7,089, in
1904; the salaries and wageB for the
same years totalled $5,438,000 and $5,-
106,000, respectively. The following
table contains statistics ot the kind
and quantity of explosives produced:
1904. 1909.
Explosives. Pounds.       Pounds.
Dynamite    130,920,829   177,155,851
Nitroglycerin ..    7,935,936     28,913,253
BiaBt'g  powder *8,217,448      •9,339,087
Gunpowder  10,383,944     12,862,700
Permissible  explosives         9,607,448
Other   explos's.    6,303,825       7,464,823
There were two Socialist meetings
held at Stoppington, Alta., lately,
which is about one hundred miles from
a railroad. The homesteaders settled
this country about two years ago.
Some of them had a small amount of
money then. But those who had,
haven't any now—those who hadn't
any then haven't any yet. So the
gospel of Socialism is very welcome.
Com. Cobb addressed a meeting ot
about forty homesteaders who had
gathered at the above named P. O.
Some of them had to come several
miles as the country is thinly settled.
Com. Cobb outlined the evolution of
society and showed them why Socialism is the only door to economic freedom. He showed the amount the
workers are exploited of, taking his
figures from capitalist statistics. Many
questions were asked. The meeting
lasted two and one-half hours. At the
close of the meeting literature was
given to the homesteaders.
Meeting* No. 2 was held the following Sunday, at which we nad an increase of about ten, making fifty in all.
A. C. Staff took the chair and dealt
briefly with the following subjects:
Cost of labor power, production of
gold, and exploitation at point of production." He quoted figures from the
Winnipeg Free Press, showing that the
industrial workers of that city produced $2,660 per annum and received
$600 in wages.
Com. Cobb spoke at some length to
a very interested audience. He called
their attention to the fact that the
masters liyed in mansions while the
slaves lived in. basements. In speaking of the prosperity of Canada he
said, "that Canada was a very prosperous country for the master class,
The homesteaders are
around for a solution for their economic ills, as they find they are still
slaves whether they have nominal
ownership of a homestead of 160 acres
(with a plaster on it )or not.
To our comrades in the city I might
say that a homestead is not complete
without a mortgage. But seed time is
here and we slaves must again bend
beneath the yoke of capitalism. As
there are many inquiries as to when
we will hold more meetings, the
chances are good that I wlll have the
pleasure of reporting more meetings
to the staff of the Western Clarion.
I am yours in revolt,
,  I
Know Why
Socialism is Coming
Don't be a socialist unless you know why you are one. Know wht
Socialism is coming. Trace the economic development of civilizatio***
through from slavery to the present and know why socialism i
Victor L. Berger says*
•'A few soelaliat phrases Is not sufficient to make a. eeientifla
•ocie.ll.*. In. order to know WHY SOCIALISM IS COMING, ts.
socialist should have an idea of evolution, he must know history,
he must know something of economic development.
We as socialists are viteJly interested in the development of
civilization. History for us is nol a collection of shtvllow village
te.les, the story of coronations, weddings and burials of kings. For
us the true lesson of history Is the story of progress of mankind by
gre.dne.1 atepa from brute.! slewery to enlightenment, culture
•.nd hume.nity. •
The manner In which one system has grown out of another,
feudalism out of slavery and capitalism out of feudalism ia moat
•uggeative of the manner by which the Socialist Republic will
gradually develop out of the present system.
* To show how the Socialist Republic will gre.dua.lly develop out
of the present ayatem, the Library of Original Sources he-s been
published.  It is a. treasure mine."
The Library of Original Sources
(In the original documents—translated)
clears away the bigotry and superstition that has accumulated around religion, law,
government, education, etc.—brings to light the naked truth and shows why socialism ia coming.  This wonderful library gives the authoritative sources of knowledge
in all fields of thought—socialism philosophy, science, education, etc. The rock-bottom
facts which for centuries capitalist writers have deliberately kept from the people.
Thousands off the Comrades in e-.II parte of the United States txnd
Ce-.ne-.da he-.ve eecured thie library on o\ir co-operative ple*.n, and
without a eingle exception e-re enthusiastic over It.   Letters
Uke theee come pouring In with every mails
John Spargo: "cTWost helpful. Ought
to be In every library."
Waiter Lohrentz, Wash.: HA boon to
workingmen who have not time nor
money to get a college education."
A. M. Simon*: "Superior to encyclopedia!; will be read when novels are
C. E. Kline, Wash.: "I am urging all
my friends to secure your great
work." '
Geo. Pae, ^Alberta, Can.: "just the
thing ts htJip t'ir* the wheels of
"The moot valuable part
Fred Warren: "Most Important production;
Local could not make a better investment.
Arthur M. Lewis:
of my library."   1
C. R.Oyler, Editor Enterpriser: "The best
book investment I ever made."
Jack London:    "lA library boiled
down. 1 never could spare these ten
volumes from my library."
Ernest Untermann     "The vol-      ew      Extension Co^
umes will be my most valuable     tf      Milwaukee,Wat.
companions  this  winter."
An "original document" free
/lell me .bout
tbs Library oi Orisias/
(Jf        Sources snd how I est
set . -et on the co-open,
Twenty girl strikers were clubbed,
one man had bis head badly cut by
a special deputy's billy. and another
was railroaded to the Hackensack jail
and sentenced to ten days after special thugs in the employ Of the Forst-
mann & Huffman mills, at Garfield,
N. J., charged upon the girl pickets,
who were peacefully parading in front
of the mills. The clash started when
a squad of girls arrived at 'the mills
early yeBterday   morning   to   relieve I
Telling of a popular uprising in mediaeval England,
and how the people got their rights., A rare docu- .
ment of greatest interest and importance - to /
Socialists. '
FREEs-Send in Vtached coupon TODAY
for free copy.
those who had been on picket duty for
some time.
As the girls reached the mill gates
and tried to persuade some scabs, who
were on their way to work, to join the
picketing line, thirty special deputies,
sworn in by Sheriff Conkllng at tbe
Instigation of the firm, to be on hand
and do some slugging, if necessary,
rushed out from the gates and ordered
the strikers to disperse. The girls
paid no attention and kept on walking
up and down ln front of the mills,
when the sluggers ordered them again
to move on, threatening to beat them
up ln case they insisted on being
around the mill.
Not giving the strikers a chance to
move on fast enough to suit them, the
sluggers, with their clubs drawn,
charged. A man who was among the
girls was beaten into insensibility and
is now confined to bed in a serious
Ab the specials    were i performing
their clubbing act, the news reached
the Police Department of Garfield that
there was a "riot" around the Forst-
mann & Huffmann mills and in a minute the entire department was around
the plant to assist the specials ln establishing "law and order."   As usual,.
they did not make any inquiries as to -
who started  the    trouble,    and one
Batiste Rento, an Italian, who was so
badly bruised, that he did not have a.
eigle spot on his face tbat was not cut,
was arrested and taken to the station
house.—New York Call.
The Detroit Federation of Labor reports thousands of unemployed in tbat
city. Every city on the Pacific coast
has also thousands el unemployed.
Has McBride "prosperity" hit you
•   .   *
If you get a bunch of leaflets, It Is
an invitation to distribute them in
your town and then send for more.
Be Good to Your Face
For the
Rest of
'Number of kegs of 25 pounds each.
The employment of women as street
car conductors Ib becoming general in
the United States. Philadelphia has
just adopted the plan. Women as
motor-drivers have also proved successful ln California.
•hows    tbe
method of Ir
ssrttnr    a r
old style r.-
zor Into tl    '
-fever  Pal
Basor Shari
i^^iji^^iBi^ ener. l^bpnyKa^HijsafaKaH
Tbe razor is
simply pushed Into ths receiver and Is adjusted automatically so as to bring- lt against the leather at the
proper bevel, and lt ls always held is the same perfect
adjustment. Xo screws to turn, or springs to place.
Any rasor arai made oan be bandied by this machine.
No exceptions are allowed. Tbe thick or thla—broad or
narrow—old style or satety—any blade and every blade.
Ton simply push tbe razor Into tha machine, as it hang.
on the book and pull tbe ends of tho leather. "'—
to (st ont of order.   Nothing to break. ■■	
The NEVER FAIL - - Never Fails
This shows tbe sim-
£le,    easy   method   of
andllng a safety razor
blade In   tbe   NEVEB
This    adaptsr    simply
pats   a   back   upon   a
safety   rasor,   making*   lt   tbe
same aUe as an old style razor
and tben lt Is slipped Into the
machine, just tbe same as the
old style razor shown ln tbe Illustration at the top of thla
An Adapter for handling- all
kinds of safety blades is furnished
wltb each machine.
we guarantee you
against a dull
Never Fail
Wffli Sharpener
Price, Complete, Beady for Sharpening every old style Basor, and including Adapter for Handling every kind
of Safety Blade, neatly boxed, only (3.00. ■^■■ssssssssssssS
Send for one today.   Use It for a month, and if not satisfied we will cheerfully refund your money.
BOX 274
(General Agent for Alberta.)
Agents Wanted Everywhere—Exceptional Proposition.
8ATURDAY,   MAY  4,  1912.
Workingmen Get Wise
Leaflet number Six.
Socialism is a recognition, on the part of the working
class that their labor produces the wealth of the world, and
that they should be the owners of the earth, and until the
workers as a class recognize this, their condition will get worse
and worse. *
There is only one kind of Socialist, the revolutionary or
Marxian Socialist, who realizes the Marxian theory of value
and surplus, the increasing misery of the workers under capitalism, the concentration of capital in the hands of a few, competition ending in combination and monopoly, the class struggle between the capitalists and the workers, the necessity of
vapturing the powers of government, and the ultimate overthrow of the present system by the working class, not because •
it is unjust but because it has outgrown its usefulness, and
like the systems that preceded it, it must make way for a system that will provide plenty for all and not cause starvation
in the midst of plenty.
Nature itself has convicted,our present system to its face.
Can you say that the want, misery and degradation of the
workers is caused by nature giving us an insufficient supply
of the necessities of life to supply the needs of all f Nature has
provided an abundance of the resources of life for countless
billions of human beings, but these resources are a luxury.
Look in any large city at the homeless, the starving, the outcasts of society, are not the needs of life a luxury in this the
morning of the Twentieth century? Why, because the workers, who produce, do not own, and as fast as they produce
their products are appropriated by the capitalist, whose only
mission is to own and live off the toil of the workers. For
■what the workers do, the capitalist gives them back in wages
"just enough to keep them in producing condition, just the
same as they give oil and fuel to the machine.
Workers, are you content with these conditions? If you
are, you are a hopeless case; if not, your place is in the Socialist movement, fighting side by side with your comrades in
the greatest fight in the records of history—thefight of the
workers to forever overthrow the puppets who are living off
their brain and sinew, and, the working class being the last
class in society to be emancipated, it will mean the emancipation of all mankind without distinction'as to race, creed, color
or sex.
The workers themselves must achieve their own liberty.
All history in the past demonstrate how the workers have been
again and again betrayed when they have entrusted their
liberty to a class superior to them in worldly possessions.
Don't be misguided by the discarded intellectuals of the capitalist class, an intellectual is one who, having a college education, and in oratory being a gem of the first water, preceiving
tbe spirit of the revolt growing amongst the workers, takes
advantage of that discontent by prostituting his brains, milking the labor movement, talking 6f the brotherhood of man,
acting as a detriment to the social "revolution by filling the
workers up with false ideas, and, of course,, getting what he
is not out for (?) large fees and expenses.
Fellow slaves who want to be free, don't bother with these
cast-offs of the capitalists. It was the discarded military and
political leaders of the capitalists who defeated the workers
of France at the time of the Paris Commune. Take a lesson
from past experience. If the working class have not the
brains within their own ranks to guide them through the approaching revolution, then we must forever bury the word
liberty, for it can never have any real meaning. But we have
the brains, the workers at all times had the brains to do all
the useful work of society; in fact, to do everything except
govern themselves and get the full result of their labor.
Mr. Wage Slave, you have the brains, develop them,' and
you can do that by reading Karl Marx and Engels. Pin your
"faith to them, read their works, study them, criticise them,
'find faults or errors if you can (I know you can't), and then
.you will not be deceived by an adventurer from the capitalist
or the fast-dying middle class, but will be able to do your
share towards the enlightenment of the workers and also to
your own freedom, and you have all the forces' of evolution
■ on your side. Socialism must follow capitalism as sure as light
follows darkness. Its speedy coming depends on the devotion
and the energy of those who have already seen the light. If
you are one of those, fight on, keep the ipsue clear; we are
bound to win in the end, and see in our day the dawn of a new
fprm of civilization in which man will be able to live in.harmony with his fellow-man instead of being pitted against him
in the struggle of getting a living.
The issue between ouFselves and the capitalist class is simple
and clear enough. We are their slaves; they are our masters.
We would be free; they would hold us in slavery. Freedom
for us would be extermination for them, as capitalists. Their
continued existence means our continued enslavement;
Our enslavement consists in that we are compelled to toil
for them and render into their hands the fruits of our toil.
No slave did more. In fact, no slave of yore did as much.
For never in history has a master class been blessed with more
fruitful and less troublesome bondmen.
Deprived of access to the Earth and its riches, there is
no place whither we can flee. The world is one vast slave pen,
whence there is no escape but through the gate of death.
There is no need to guard us, or to bind us to the soil, we can
escape nowhither. No lieed to buy us or kidnap us. We are
ever eager for the yoke. We will sell ourselves piecemeal for
the day's pottage where we are needed and will browse in
the garbage cans when we are not. No overseer's whip is
needed to drive us. We will work, work, breathlessly to physical exhaustion and premature death.   Hunger drives.
Yea, we art! slaves and they are our masters. Masters of
onr bread. They rule us only to exploit, and only because
they rule us can they exploit us. While they rule we cannot
be free. Over all the Earth is their kingdom. '' Whether at
Naishapur or Babylon," we must bend to their service or
starve. There is no place to which we can escape. We must
either continue in bondage or strike our masters down. That
choice alone is open to us.
And that choice even will not much longer be ours. Decade by decade the markets contract. Year by year the machine becomes more perfect, the jobs fewer, the slaves more
numerous. Soon the choice will be but to strike or starve,
and we will not starve.
More and more speedily the workers are awakening to
the realization of their position. Year by year intensifies their
revolt and augments the numbers of the rebellious. Armed
with a new knowledge, inspired with a new hope, urged onward by Nature herself, they are ordering their ranks for
the Armageddon. The duel to the death between the slaves
and their masters.   Out of which they can come only victorious.
Then at last the curse of slavery shall be lifted from off
the Earth, and Man shall step forth free. Master of himself
and of the forces of Nature. Free to enjoy the fruits of- his
toil. Compelled to yield them up to no man. Beholden to
none for the privilege to live. At last a free man in a land of
An individual is occasionally met with who really believes
the Socialist to be a person who advocates- some scheme of
confiscating property.
Nothing could be further from the truth, however. The
Socialist is the only person on earth who is unalterably, opposed to confiscation. The capitalist system has for its fundamental basis the daily confiscation of the products of labor
in toto. Not a shred of the product is left to those who produced it, the workers. Surely no advocate of confiscation
would propose a more complete scheme than that. The mills,
shops, mines, railways, etc., all that goes to make up the
modern machinery of industry, is the product of the labor
of all the generations of workers that ever lived Upon the
earth. They could not therefore, in decency, be claimed as
the property of anything less than the whole people. To declare these means of wealth production to be common property would in no sense of the word be confiscation. It would
be merely abrogating the power now possessed by the capitalist class, to confiscate the products of Labor daily. It would
in no proper sense be confiscation of property. Restitution tp
the rightful owners cannot be construed as confiscation. Restitution in this case renders future confiscation impossible,
as with the means of wealth production under its own control
Labor will produce things for its own use, instead of as now
for the profit and aggrandisement of a robber class. Capitalists approve of, and practice, confiscation. Not ,only do
they confiscate the products of labor from the workers, but
do their level best to confiscate this illgotten swag from each
other. The saying, "There is honor among thieves" does not
always hold good. Socialists repudiate confiscation, and call
upon the workers to rise enmasse and forever put an end to
it, by taking possession of the earth/ which belongs to them,
because they are the only ones who make at least decent use
of it.      *    * " i
Removed from 518 Hornby St. to
By Stella C. Coorgian.
Recently Frederick W. Taylor, orig
Inator and foremost exponent ot what
Is known as scientific management,
was In Minneapolis and addressed the
Publicity Club on the "Principles of
Scientific Management."
It iB significant that 'he addressed
himself to the business men of the
city rather than to the labor unions,
It is also significant that the daily
papers devoted pages to a reproduction of his speech.. Straws show
which way the wind blows.
In a nutshell, the principles of scientific management may be said to
consist of a detailed study of the men
and machines in a factory in order to
secure the maximum of efficiency
from each.
' The advantages of this to the manufacturer are, of course, obvious. As
Mr. Taylor said, "The men are turning
out twice as much work as before.
This has resulted In,reducing the cost
of manufacture. This has worked to
Increase the profits of the owners."
In this quotation may be found not
only the reason for the opposition to
the introduction of scientific management by labor unions, but also the reason why it ls bound to come.
In a competitive society, any device which reduces the cost of manufacture and Increases profits wlll be
seized upon by the more aggressive
lu . the business world and the rest
wlll either be compelled to follow or
be forced out of business,
On the other hand, it is evident
that the working class has nothing to
gain from "scientific 'management"
under our present system of Industry.
Let us analyze the situation. The
men turn out twice as much work as
before. Yet their wages are only increased from 30 per cent to 60 per
cent. This means that they receive
a smaller portion of theii total product than before; it means more bitter
exploitation, Vnbre speeding up, more,
of nervous energy, more of the health
of the workman, more of his very life
ground into profits; it means the
scrap-heap at least ten years sooner.
And for what? For a fictitious increase in wages.
Scientific management, Mr. Taylor
says, doubles the output. This means
that the same amount of work formerly done by twelve men can now be
done by six. "At the end of three
and a half years we 'had an opportunity to find whether it paid or not,
and this was the outcome: The 400 or
600 workmen had been reduced to 140
men doing the work originally done
by the 400 to 600 men." That ls, the
working force was reduced to less
than one-third of .its former number.
It is easy to see what will be the
result on the working class as a whole
when "scientific management" has
been introduced into all the branches
of industry. At least half of the men
now working will be forced to join
the already menacing army of the unemployed. During the period of transition a few working people will receive a little higher wages, which will
be more than offset, however, by the
injurious results to their health of the
necessary "speeding up."
But when industry is adjusted to
this new arrangement, the lot of the
working class will be a hundred times
worse than before. The fierce competition for jobs will be made but more
intense by the increased army of unemployed, and this will automatically
tend to pull down wages to their former point or even lower.
If scientific management will result
in Injury to the working class as a
whole, yet is inevitable, just as tho
Introduction of the power loom and ot
other machinery which increased production was inevitable, what is to be
Can its introduction be prevented
by  passing  resolutions in the labor
unions against it? Or by going on
strike in the shops where it is being
introduced? Such efforts are as futile
as were those of the weavers in 1840
who burned factories and broke up
the power looms which were throwing them out of work.
All such efforts are but a useless
waste of energy. The thing to do is
to work for a system of industry iu
which any improvement in methods
of production will directly benefit
those who are working in that particular branch of industry.
The great problem of labor today ls
not how to increase Its efficiency or
productiveness. Labor is today so
efficient and productive that three
hours of useful work by all adults
would supply air with the necessities
of life and a reasonable amount of
the luxuries; that ten men working
eight hours a day can produce enough
for one hundred; that; even with our
vast army of unemployed and those
employed at non-productive work, we
have periodic panics which our wiseacres say are due to overproduction.
No, the problem of the working
class is not how to produce more, but
how to retain for their own use what
they already produce.
This can never be done until the
worker owns the machinery which he
must use to create that product. The
ownership of the machine carries with
It the ownership of the product.
But since the machines are no longer used by one man alone, but by large
groups of men working together cooperatively in creating a joint product, they must be owned co-operatively and the joint product equally distributed.
When the working class owns the
factories, then any elimination of
waste, any Increase in efficiency will
result* In benefit to all. It wlll mean
simply fewer hours of work, more
leisure, more time for intellectual
and ethical development.—Machinists'
Monthly Journal.
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What ls left of the competitive system is now controlled by the Iron-
handed masters ot the wealth producers, "i
The millions of men and women
who have been thrown out of employment by the invention of the machine which has Increased the power
of production more than ten-fold are
an ever-present menace to those who
have employment, and this surplus of
laborers in the Industrial field ls used
by capitalism to keep down the wages
of those already employed.
To relieve the situation as above
described It is necessary to have some
system of co-operation that will give
employment to all and guarantee to
them the full measure of the wealth
they produce.
The invention of machinery should
shorten the hours of labor.
The difference between the price
now paid to the wealth producer and
the value of that which he produces is
the toll paid to the owner of the machines.
This applies to the farmer as well
as to the workingmen and women
who labor In the shops, factories and
The farmer's toll is taken from that
which he produces and sells as well
as that from which he buys.    .
These tolls go to make up the vast
number of fortunes owned by the favored few who, as the result of the
present system, now own more than
80 per cent of the wealth of the United States.
In order to make co-operation successful the farmers, as well aB the
wage earners, must unite ln political
action and, by securing control of the
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government, have the power to say
how the products of their labor shall
be distributed.
Notwithstanding all of their efforts
for the past fifty years they do not
now possess that power, nor can they
possess it while the great capitalistic
combinations of the country practically own the government, bribing its
principal officers, buying seats for its
pliable tools ln the United States senate and house of representatives, dictating the appointment of judges and
controlling the army and police forces,
thus enabling it to compel labor to
submit to the most brutal and murderous methods such as was recently exemplified at Lawrence, Mass.
Co-operation, to be successful must
be universalized.
Political control is necessary in order to make Industrial co-operation
To accomplish this, we must engage
ln a class Btruggle.
Class rule is already upon us.
Capitalism has labor by the throat.
The question is, Which Class shall
Shall labor or the dollar be dominant in this country?
Shall Labor rule and force all men
to earn their living "in the Bweat
of their face," or shall the dollar remain dominant under the rule of the
favored few and a system which makes '
slaves of the tolling millions? I
Co-operation ls the basic principle
of Socialism.
Socialism means to universalize cooperation.
It seeks to carry into practical effect everything contended for by the
three great agricultural organizations
of the past half century.
The misrepresentations of the capitalistic press and a failure to investigate its philosophy are the only
things that have heretofore held the i
farmers back from embracing it as
the great labor problem.
Its philosophy ls so simple that a
child may understand it.
Its foundation ls the bedrock of human rights.
It asks only that those who toil shall
have that which they create.
It demands that "Whoever will not
work, neither shall he eat."
It denies the right of any man to
force a division of the products of
other's toll. '
It elevates labor to the highest position among the material elements
which constitute the civilization ot the
The question of industrial freedom
Its now up to the farmers who constitute a most Important factor ln the
industrial field.—National Rip-Saw.


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