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Western Clarion Apr 15, 1911

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 <r    \.
10. 627.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, April 15, 1911.
subscription Prloe
HThis Is a Fine
Day For Work"
How the Slave Instinct Manifests Itself in the
("It's a fine day for work." So my
-lghbor, Firstump, the rancher,
leeted me the other morning as, pipe
I mouth, I strolled over to the shack
Comrade Andy who Is llkeminded
[ith myself and somewhat of a phll-
opher. Also he owns a bushranch
(id thus has a steady job in the way
; clearing and grubbing, sufficient to
|st him one lifetime, and another If
had It. But Andy does not let the
Inch bother him, and sits and smokes
nd philosophizes and endeavors to
Ijoy life to the best of his ability.
■But not so Firstump. He is a steady,
IdustrioUB farmer, a credit to the
Immunity and a pillar of the church.
Ie was hard at it on this fine bright
I'orning, armed with crowbar and a
i-ubhoe he was removing stumps with
|e dexterity which comes of long
ractlce. He paused long enough to
l.pe the sweat from his brow and to
Imark, 'A fine day for work," and retimed his occupation.
IT passed on. "A fine day for work."
frhat a triumph for the capitalist
pstem; what a tribute to the teaching
our masters. The poor man, the
lorker trs always been admonished
work, to be steady and sober and
ISdustrlous. The wealthy, of course,
Isn't neml to. As the workers can
nly produce surplus valueB for their
llers when they are working, it fol-
Iws that the harder and steadier the
lorkers work the more surplus values
Je produced. So that hobo who will
\y. sell his labor-power at the price
JTered, but prefers to shuffle through
le as best he may, is pointed out as
(dread example of human depravity.
Mazy man is no use to the capitalist,
fit the least. Work is deified, the ln-
hstrlous man has his praises sung In
less and pulpit; he Is lauded to the
lies; and skinned to a finish. The
Irder he works the better they like
■This  teaching  has "been  well    ab-
Irbed.   "A fine day for work."   The
|y ls blue, the air is fresh anil pure,
nature Is beautiful with the prom-
of spring.   All nature Is rejoicing
J the sunshine.   It certainly Is a fine
ty, a glorious day.   Fine to climb the
Jinntain and ramble through virgin
■rests: fine for those of snorting In-
Inattons to prowl, rifle in hand, after
le furtive deer. . A grand day to ride
Lie after mile in the swift automo-
fie through ever-changing scenery, or
I travel over the steel road ln the
lillman palace car.   Glorious weather
Ir lovers of the sea to cleave   the
lested waves by sailing yacht or to
■de over foaming billows In the mam-
loth liner.   "A lovely day for lovers
■ue to stroll through leafy glades," as
Je poet Bays, altho'   there   are   no
laves as yet on the trees, which, of
|>urse, makes no difference whatever
I, the enloyment   of   love's   golden
Tream.   At the least,   It   would   be
feasant on so fine a day to sit out on
lie verandah, to look out on the beau-
(es of nature, and to Indulge In In-
kllectual conversation with   a   con-
|enial companion.   A fine day to enjoy
neself, bo it seemed to me.
Ji Why then, "Fine day for work?" Be-
lauso the workers know   no   better.
■Vork Is their   constant   occupation,
Tor* ls their long suit, work, all the
Jme, work.   A neighbor of mine was
fecentlv praising the climate of this
Tappy valley.   "Why," he said,   "the
1-eather is so good a man can work
(very day in the winter.  Of course, he
light -ret a little wet at times, but he
Youldn't freeze to death."   What an
Ileal!   Truly a docile slave.
1 Workers, wake up!    This senseless
llduBtry is getting played out.     The
froduction of wealth for your masters
a foolish proposition from start to
Jnlsh.   There is something ln life bolides work; but not for you as things
|Tn now.   Under a rational system the
lecessary amount of work per Individual would be small indeed, production being carried on by the moat ec-
nomlcal process, and each member of
society receiving the full value of his
or her product. An average of a few
hours a day will suffice, and the necessary amount will grow less and less
as further improvements in labor-
saving machinery are adopted, and as
the forces of nature are harnessed to
the service of man. When that day
comes, as come it will, and possibly
in the near future, we may hope to
hear, In place of the above Idiotic remark, the more rational "It's a fine
day, let us go out and have a good
A. J.
Where, how, and when, Ib the farmer robbed? Or as Comrade Armstrong
would say, "ls the farmer robbed at
all?" O'Brien, Gribble and Budden
have in turn anajyzed the horny-handed and horny-headed son of soil, and
now we have Armstrong'upsetting all
former calculations and theories by
asserting that the only problem confronting Mr. Cornstacks Is: "How
can I get rid of my antiquated methods of production?" O'Brien and. Gribble have Informed us that the farmer
is not a producer of wheat and farm
products but a producer of commodities of which his labor forms only a
fractional part of the Social Labor of
Society. But we must remember that
to every producer, his unit of Social
production is the only part of the division of labor that interests him, consequently we will assume for argument's Bake that "Corntassel" ls a
producer of wheat, but if any one objects to the procedure I will refer him
to "Capital" (Kerr's edition), page 46.
We are indebted to Dietzgen in his
Positive Outcome of Philosophy for
the teaching of Relative instead of absolute understanding. That we comprehend things and abstractions only
as far as they are relative, and which
relations are continually changing;
a conception is correct today under
given circumstances and wrong tomorrow under different.' conditions.
Hence the farmer's position cannot
be absolutely solved under a Capitalist
form of property, which property is
continually modifying its functions
and manifesting its exploiting operations as changeable as the hide of a
chameleon. That something is desperately wrong with the farmer's position is evident to all, especially the farmers. There are three solutions that
interest the majority of the Farmers,
whether they are correct, is not the
question, but they are universally believed and it is up to the Socialist
Party to show their limitations. The
flrst is Free Trade, second,' government ownership of public utilities, and
third-, State control of monopolies. It
is a very easy taBk for Socialists to
point out where every one of these remedies fail to produce the prosperous
conditions anticipated. They point to
Free Trade England and its host ot
unemployed. Trust-controlled United
States and Government-owned Germany with the same problem; but we
must prove logically and conclusively,
that the farmer'8 position in Canada
does not differ fundamentally from
the workers the world oyer, and that
if it appears that his Title Deeds necessitates a different solution as being a different agrarian question to
European countries, we must prove to
him If possible, that the capitalist
class exploits the workers under many
different disguises and invariably under -free conditions.
It Is not true to assert that the farmer in Canada is producing wheat under semi-modern conditions. It is correct to state that there are in all countries instances of Bonanza farms producing cereals with all the modern
mechanical appliances, but Canada affords an example of farming, better
than the average. Austria produces
more wheat than the United States
and' Canada combined, but her agricultural operations are not far removed from the pointed stick and the
yoke of oxen.
I repeat that the farmer's apparently
hopeless condition is not due entirely
to his antiquated method of production. It is true that his limited acreage does not allow him to hire wage-
laborers, the only source of profit, but
even If we take those Isolated cases
where a farm Is free from a mortgage,
we must still face the plain truth. He
must deliver the result of his labor
to Capitalist elevators and railroads,
and the man or woman who is forced
by particular forms of property to give
to others the result of their toll are
the slaves of that form of property.
' If you mention that the farmer delivers his product to Capitalist property, you immediately incur the
wrath of our orthodox economist who
asserts that the fanner, being the owner of the commodity wheat, sells or
exchanges lt at Its value and how can
he be robbed if he exchanges things
at their value. Surface appearances
are not always true and when I say
that farmers do not exchange wheat
on the same basis as they receive
transportation I am simply stating a
condition which does not allow of the
contrary assumption that the workers
are robbed as consumers. To make
my position plainer let me state the
general formula that commodities exchange on an average at their value.
That formula does not include every
commodity, for instance I know of one
particular commodity that has peculiar
advantages and which never did since
its production in this country exchange
at its value and that commodity is
"borax." Let us take an example nearer home and around which has raged
so much discussion, viz., C. P. R. I
wish to draw your attention to a problem before entering on our C. P. R. illustration bo that the point will appear
plainer. Marx, in "Capital," Page 338,
states "that merely quantitative differences beyond a certain point pass into
qualitative changes. After capital accumulates beyond a certain point it
obtains a strategic position and becomes invulnerable to the attacks or
the competition of other masses of
Capital." I do not maintain that as
yet the phenomenon ls universal, I only
wish it was. We have, however, suf-
flent examples of this concentration of
capital to study to some extent its
methods, its power and its limitations.
It has been formulated as a general
law and lt has been proven to be true,
that when a certain class of Industry
obtains a greater quantity of surplus
value than the average, Capital, soon
er or later, flows or is attracted ln that
direction, and eventually average profits are the result, but once assume
that certain masses of capital continually absorb more than the general
average and you have by that admission recognized industries that can and
do prevent other capital masses from
competing. The C. P. R. is an example
f a partial monopoly and up to the present has practically the whole of the
wheat carrying 'business. It is not
only a theory but a well recognized
truth that railroads exact from the
producers who lt serves for its own
ends, all that the traffic will bear and
that means, everything but a living for
the farmer. We hear the squeak of
the Capitalist farmer getting louder
and louder, the manufacturer, both
large and small recognizing by the
dividends declared by the C. P. R.
that certain bunches of thieves are
getting swag which formerly went Into their pockets.
No. We, the working class, have
had enough of false scents and red
herrings. The intelligent farmer
of the future will know that as long
as capital rules, that some form of
exploitation will continue and he will
also know that he is not a slave to an
Individual capitalist or to particular
capitalist property, but to the capitalist class as a whole through the Instrumentality of capitalist property.
■Government ownership, free trade,
and trust busting might be of some
service to petty exploiters, but the
farming section of the working class
can never become exploiters, bnt must
remain the furrow treaders of the
dominant class in this glorious civilization of capitalism. They can have
only one object—the unity of all workers independent of the master.
W. H. S.
Some effects can in themselves be
causes, just as some finished products
such as sugar, lumber, etc., etc., are
considered as raw materials in any
combinations they enter into.
Where the Job Is Steady
I did not expect that it was Comrade
Harry Peters, the energetic propagandist, soap-boxer and S. P. of C. candidate for parliament in Guelph, Ontario, who said in reply to my query:
"I will arrange two meetings." His
two boys with a pair of oxen hitched
to a large lumber wagon met me. I
used to drive oxen when I was a boy,
and many times since I have been on
this prairie, have ridden behind oxen
to socialist meetings. In lots of places
the snow was yet deep. The wind was
cold but it was a bright, sunshiny day.
Most of the afternoon I slep in the bottom of the wagon, then stood up and
tried to dance, whistle and sing.
By the road side were a number of
cattle (not oxen), of both sexes and
various ages. Although oxen are common in this part, these cattle quit
grazing and with a look of amazement
or amusement, mixed with contempt,
they watched the oxen, as with snaillike speed, they tugged sluggishly at
the wagon. Some of them turned
around and with head and tail in the
air, gleefully fled from such a disgusting spectacle—as though they were
ashamed of their fellow creatures who
bore the brand of slavedom—work.
Then in my imagination I became
quite eloquent as I lectured the oxen
on the joys of work. I tried to cheer
them by telling them that they would
soon be dead and then they would
have all the joys imaginable if they
would patiently and a little more
speedily bear their burdens here and
now, and particularly If they would
not covet the gay and easy life of their
lazy fellow creatures we had just passed. All of which had no effect upon
the oxen. Then I remembered that
the human was the only animal that
had ever been speeded up by such
cheap methods, and only that class of
humans that had been stuplfled by
work, and my appeal not to covet was
uncalled for—that ls only necessary
while they are being taught the fiendish desire to  work.    After  that the
humans and all other animals are too
stupid and sluggish to covet anything
except more work.
Finally we arrived at the home
(slave-pen), where the Peters family
have purchased a certificate to a steady
job which used to be considered title
deeds to 160 acres of land, etc. "Welcome," said Comrade Peters, "This
is my comrade slave (wife) and our
eight children slaves^-comradeB in
the making."
In spite of the large family in the
small shack everything was neat and
clean and inviting, a fit place for
slaves to recuperate their labor-power
so they can stay with a steady job ten
miles from town, which usually means
twelve, the closer to town the more
these Bteady jobs are worth.. Even
where they do not want to sell (a priv-
elege the master class gives them, as
lt does not matter which slave Is on
the job) the slaves like to jolly themselves as to how much they are worth,
that is, how much they might get for
the thing If they ever wanted to
(which usually means if they ever
have to) sell lt.
The Petere' clan are as eager to get
each Issue of the Clarion as the fellow
with the auburn hair is to get his remittance. We held one meeting ln
the school near their steady job, the
other in town, large attendances at
both. It takes a Clarion reader to get
the neighbors sufficiently interested to
be sure of a good gathering.
Comrade Harry Peters Is a good
speaker and has a fine "savvy" of our
movement. The Saskatchewan comradea ought to try and use him during
the winter months. Melfort, Star
City, Valparaiso and other nearby
places might Induce him to do them a
stunt any time. Success to the Peters'
class, may their tribe increase.
C.  M.  O'BRIEN.
The receipt of a copy of this paper
ls an Invitation to subscribe.
The Struggle in
the Crow's Nest
Position of the Coal Diggers Reviewed By One of
Any struggle, whatever Its nature,
Is of interest to the human animal
Most absorbingly Interesting does a
struggle become when the spectators
have a little on the side. Sometimes,
however, the finer phases of a struggle are lost through ignorance of the
rules and conditions which regulate
the game, and what would otherwise
prove interesting becomes stale, flat
and unprofitable. A struggle of some
moment has been waged since the
flrst of this month, in the Crow's
Nest Pass coal regions. The workers
ln this field have quit work upon the
expiration of the agreement under
which they have been operating for
the paBt two years.
While other trades have received
from time to time advances in wages
and betterment of working conditions,
the miners of the Crow's Nest have
failed to force any such concessions,
notwithstanding several determined attempts on their part to obtain them.
After two disastrous strikes they
found themselves crippled financially
and generally demoralized. At this
time, conditions have become bo positively rotten, that the hardships and
privations ot idleness lose their terrors when compared with the miserable standard of comfort obtainable
by those who toil. Whether they succeed in bettering their condition or
not, their struggle is of interest to
every man who understands the rules
of the game.
A brief outline of the struggle so
far will not be without advantage and
may enable many to read therein a
lesson which Is not entirely valueless.
Two years ago, when the negotiations
for a new agreement were being instituted, those mines not owned or
indirectly controlled by the C. P. R.
broke away from the Employers' Association and signed independent
agreements with the MinerB' Union.
The C. P. R. crowd had a Btrike on
their hands for some time after the
independent mines had signed up.
The fight at that time was over the
union more than over wages, the general conditions of work and wages being much the same in either association or Independent camps. The only
real difference in the two agreements
lay in the working of the check-off
The check-off clause gives to the
miners the privilege of having their
union dues stopped ln the coal company's office every month and turned
over to the local secretary. All men
signing the check-off book have their
dues stopped in this fashion. When
the miners and operators met at Calgary early in March to consider the
There are some Socialists who declare that the workers are not robbed
by the capitalist class. They assert
that lt would be ridiculous to imagine
that 90 per cent of the people are robbed by the 10 per cent. These comrades forget that the workers are not
free-will agents but are creatures of
their environment and are enslaved
because they are not educated yet to
the point of Socialising the ownership
of the world, and freeing themselves
from their slavery. The fact that they
get enough coarse fodder to reproduce their capacity to slave for their
masters does not in any way prove that
they are not robbed. The very laws
which allow the parasite class to live
without working, prove that the workers are robbed.
Every local should appoint one or
more of its members to act as commissioners for taking affidavits from
persons desiring to get on the voters'
list LocalB ln British Columbia can
secure commissions for appointees by
sending names to Comrade Parker
Williams, Ladysmith, B. C. The time
to act ls now.
The May Day edition will be sent to
any address at the rate of 75 cents per
100 copies, for bundles of 100 or over.
renewal of the old agreements, the
miners submitted to them a demand
that all disputes not settled to date be
dealt with before entering upon a new
agreement. This was*objected to by
the operators, who claimed they had
come to Calgary to form a new agreement and not to interfere with the old
one. After considerable delay the
check-off clause was brought upon the
table. The miners abandoned their
flrst position.
On the check-oft clause, the miners
demanded that all companies concede
the check-off clause on the same basis
as existed with the independent companies. The operators refused to consider this, and demanded on their
part that all agreements be based on
the one with the association. Upon
the miners refusing to agree, matters
were at a dead-lock. But to expedite
proceedings a sub-committee was
formed to go into the matter, and tt
was upon the deliberations of this
committee that the situation hung,
and as a matter of fact, there the
situation stands today.
The prevailing opinion in the gen-*"
eral mind ls that the miners are demanding a closed shop and the Operators are refusing lt. While this has
been stated by every influential newspaper in Canada, it is nevertheless
a deliberate lie.
Here is the situation. The agreement with'the Independent companies
gives to the secretaries of local unions
the privilege of examining the books
of the company to find what men were
engaged who had not signed the
check-off book. Having their names.
It was an easy matter for him to hunt
up the delinquent and get his name
attached to the book. Once the book
was signed, the signature was good
for the life of the agreement, continuous and non-revokable. Different,
however, with the other agreement.
There were no means afforded #the
union for advising themselves as to
what new employees had joined the
union, and furthermore by a discrimination clause not embodied ln the
agreement, but filed away in the office
of the Labor Department, it became a
very delicate matter to attempt to obtain such information. The mere asking a miner if he were in the union
could be construed Into discrimination. This crippled the union considerably under this agreement, and belt
also remarked, anyone could withdraw
from the union at will.
The miners on their part were willing that the association camps should
have their old understanding, provided
the independent camps retained their
old understanding. The independents
being part of the association now were
dominated by that body and refused.
The struggle, then, Ib not for a closed
shop, but for maintenance of a privilege heretofore accorded. The operators have granted a n.55 per cent, advance on all (lasses of labor except
contract, pillar and timber work. The
miners have asked for 12.5 per cent,
but the question of wages or conditions has so far not been discussed.
The sole amusing feature of the entire business is the frequent and powerful appeal made by the government
and others, to the minerB, asking them
to preserve peace in the Interest of
the long-suffering public. The association of operators lias never yet
been so solicited. The president of
the Miners' Union has been told that
if he would prevent the suspension ot
operations he would be classed as a
benefactor of mankind. The president of the Operators' has not been
accorded that glorious opportunity of
attaining Buch prominence.
The report* in the press as to the
miners getting dangerous are also
lien. In fact, a happier bunch It has
seldom been my lot to meet. They
are free from toil for a while at least
and secure from absolute hunger. The
only dangerous aspect so far Ib that
they, tasting of the sweets and dear
delights of idleness, may refuse to return to work at all.
J. H. Two
SATURDAY, APRIL 15th, 1911.
Published   every    Saturday    hy    the
lalist Party et Canada, at the Office
tha   Western   Clarion,   Flaok   Black
mebt M> Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.
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SATURDAY, APRIL 15th, 1911.
Our friend "Tired" had better rest
up a bit and turns his brains loose or
Charlie O'Brien, will be diagnosing him
as mentally lazy for not having dug
up the facts on who pays the taxes. It
matters, too, because If you don't know
who pays the taxes, you don't know
what wages are. If you don't know
that, what do you know?
Supposing the capitalist class was
incorporated into one company and
you worked for that company at $3.00
per. At the end of-one month you
got your statement, wherein you found
{hat they had stopped off $3.00 for
taxes, also $20 for rent, $35 for store
account, $6.00 for coal, 99 cents for
electric light, two bits for your wife's
Easter hat, and the balance for sundries and advances which you blew the
foam off. And supposing this performance lasted with variations for
the term of your useful life. What
difference would there be between that
and your present mode of existence?
Again, supposing your cousin Jack
worked for the same firm on the "all-
found" basis, getting free house, free
fuel, free rations, an occasional suit
of hand-me-downs and an odd handful
of beer checks and picture show tickets thrown in. What would be the
most remarkable points of difference
between the two of you? And which
of you would pay the most taxes?
Taxes and tariffs come out of your
hide sure enough, but It's after you've
sold the hide. Poll-tax? Why, man
alive, don't you feel the revenue oozing
out of you every time you take a
drink, and the customs tariff every
time you eat a doughnut, or sit on a
chair, or put on a hat? You must be
exuding inland revenue at every pore!
But don't you worry. When you are
properly dead lt will be quite clear
what you got when you were alive. So
much fodder and stabling from year to
year as would enable you to come up
(smiling?) at 7 a. m. by the clock
every day the boss needed you.
You took your skinful of energy
around to the boss and sold lt to him,
on the average, for what it was worth
—the vittles and drink and so forth,
which were required to fill up your
skinful of energy again. That's all
you ever really got though the kind-
hearted boss did once in a while lend
you a dollar so you'd feel like a sure
enough British subject.
In a recent issue, our amiable friend
Cotton, dealing with the farmer question, asserts that lt calls for careful
thought. After a perusal of his article
we are prepared to concede that he
successfully proved that assertion if
nothing else. But we cannot agree
that the farmer Is part capitalist, part
proletarian. We don't believe that
even a human being can contrive to
be both these at one and the Bame
time. Nor are we prepared to agree
with our hyper-proletarian friends
who Insist that the farmer ls a capitalist and that there are no proletarians but they, who are wage-
The fact of the matter is that there
are farmers and farmers, which further complicates the proposition. They
vary from the gentlemen of ample
means who Indulge their agricultural
proclivities vicariously and buy automobiles and industrial stocks with the
proceeds, to the overalled animal who
pursues agriculture with an ox team
when there is a slack spell at the
mines. Again, in the East the mortgage Is expropriating the farmer from
the homstead hewed out of the woods
by his hardy forbears, and tenant-
farming Is arriving, while in the West
a large proportion of the homesteads
are only lately becoming mortgageable.
And almost on the entire continent,
farming Is passing through a transi
tion period, ln various localities, at
various stages of the transition. So
to. lay down general formula on the
farmer question calls for some thought
all right.
Our own observation has been confined to the farmers of Saskatchewan
and Alberta, and we cannot say that
many of them had the appearance ot
being capitalists or even "part capitalist." Some of them, through a variety of happy circumstances, seemed
to be getting a bit ahead, could hire
help all summer and even, in odd
cases, pay the help his wages. But,
taking them by and large, we found
that the generality of them did well
to break even. They worked hard and
long hours, their wives worked harder
and longer, their children worked what
they could. Their housing varied from,
on the one hand, the ambitious frame
dwelling of the prosperous ones, a
dwelling which might fetch about
twenty-live dollars a month ln Van
couver, where there is a house famine,
but would by no means be regarded
as "modern and desirable," to, on the
other hand, the sod hut of the homesteader, "making a start." The average was lower than that of the city
workers of the West. Below that
average also were the fare and the
clothing, while recreation was an unknown quantity practically. From all
we can learn, these conditions have
not changed for the better sufficiently
to cause remark.
It looks to us, therefore, that all the
common type of western farmer ls getting out of life Is a meagre living, even
a more meagre living than the industrial worker. And what is that but the
exchange value of labor power? The
food, clothing and shelter socially necessary for the reproduction of physical energy. The same old slave's portion.
But the farmers work hard and
create a great deal of value. Evidently
they don't get It.   Why?
The farmer's notion of it is, of
course, that he is robbed as a consumer by excessive store prices, excessive machinery prices, excessive
this and exhorbitant that, which is as
absurd as we might expect. But, on
the other hand, we are disinclined to
accept the proposition that his poverty is comparable to that of hand-
loom weavers at the commencement
of the factory system when they were
thrown Into competition with the mills.
The parallel is not there. Factory production was well enough established
and sufficiently productive In quantity
to determine the exchange values of
woven products. But for a farmer to
parallel the case of the hand-loom
weaver, he would be compelled to revert to the scythe and the flail. Certainly the great mechanical farm system with which he is held to be in
competition, can hardly be said to be
either well enough established or sufficiently extensive to determine the
exchange value of farm products. Its
novelty is even yet certified to by the
press comment it creates. Assuredly
fifteen years ago it hardly can be
held accountable for the farmer's
poverty. To our mind the exchange
value of farm products pretty closely
approximates the amount of labor involved in their creation by the average
mode of farming. And the average
farmer does not get the equivalent of
the value he creates.
If that ls the case, then there is
nothing for it but that the average
farmer is exploited, and, exploitation
of consumers being out of the question, that he ls exploited as a producer. Which, whatever be the means
ot his exploitation, leaves no question
as to what he belongs ln, and wherein
lies his salvation.
As for the means of his exploitation,
only an exhaustive enquiry would
reveal the process ln its details and
that is something somebody else will
have to tackle. But, without making
this screed altogether interminable,
we might point out that the farmer,
generally speaking, performs only a
part in the process of food production,
and that it Ib not necessary for the
capitalist class to own the entire
series of the means dt production ln
any process, that bo long as lt owns
some of the means of production essential to the process lt can control
the product and reap the surplus
value therefrom.
Furthermore, ln the fact that the
present mode of agriculture persists,
tempered even by a gradual transition,
lies the proof that the average farmer
still fills the bill to the best effect
In creating and disgorging, that portion of the surplus value embodied in
food products. Were it not so, he
would be rapidly displaced by some
new mode of agriculture, in place of
being Bought after and "encouraged"
by capitalist governmental and other
benevolent agencies.
The above ls a.simple question.to.
anybody, who. knows anything about
the matter. It means that the minerB
are tired, of receiving a miserable
small price for the only thing they
have to sell—their labor power—a
price which is constantly decreasing,
considered relatively to the increased
price for the means of existence, this
fact being intensified by the increased
uncertainty of' employment. In short,
the miners of the West have reached
the point where they can endure present conditions no longer, and the miserable increase in money wages of
5.55 per cent, offered by the representatives of the owners of the mines is
not enough to reconcile them, which
is quite reason/bit) on their part, ln
view of the tact that the means of
existence have li^reased ln price
about forty per cent.
These are the conditions which
cause the strike, the- strike ln itself
being the refusal of the miners to
sell their power to work at the price
offered by the owners. This they have
a perfect legal right- to do, and, If
you like, a perfect moral right. Their
labor power ls their own property;
and like all property owners they
have the-right to withdraw their prop
erty from the- market; On the- other
handt the owners, being buyers of
labor power, have the right to refuse
to buy If the price asked does not
suit them.
That is the position, aside from
prejudice, aside from sentiment, aside
from silly talk of what this or that
side "ought" to do, aside from still
sillier talk of the "rights" of this
or that party. The "rights" of the
miners are what they can get; the
rights of the mine owners are what
they can get. To get anything one
has to have power to get it. It revolves itself into a question of power.
It is not a question of representation, it ls not a question of demonstration, it is not a question of argument,
lt is a question of POWER, the right
of the strongest, the only right that
ever was or is.
"The good old rule, the simple plan,
That they may take who. have   the
And they may keep who can."
It would take a long article to deal
with this matter adequately, but i
will try to be as brief as possible,
and yet deal with the gist of the
matter. The strike will work out as
a test of the state of the labor-power
market; If conditions are favorable to
the miners, that is, if the owners can
be convinced that it will pay them
better to give the demanded increase
than to withhold it, they will give lt,
and the miners will win their point
because the market is ia their favor.
If, on the other hand, the market is
in the owners favor, they will develop
the greater strength, and they will
win, "and there y' are," as Mr. Dooley
Abstract ideas of right and wrong
have nothing to do with the matter.
Power is right. Ou the workers' side
is resentment at conditions, desire to
bring about better conditions, for
themselves and those they love, a
manly determination to fight for those
conditions, and organization for that
purpose. That they may succeed is
the heartfelt wish of the writer. On
the masters' side is immense accumulated wealth produced by the very
men who are striking, and the consequent control of the powers of the
government or state, which does now,
as it always has, and must, accrue to
the owning class.
Disavowals of readiness to use the
police and military on behalf of the
master class look well on paper, but
look at the facts. Take the strike at
Glace Bay, for instance. Not a single
striker had shown or threatened violence, but because a few women who
had been through strikes before in
the old country, enduring the misery
and privation whicli falls most heavily
on the women and children in theBe
cases, maddened by the sight of strikebreakers taking the places ot their
husbands and brothers, showed themselves a bit unruty, the fact of their
so doing was eagerly seized upon oy
the powers that be as an excuse for
sending hundreds of soldiers, with two
Maxim guns (capable of pumping six
hundred bullets a minute) into dlace
Bay the third day of the strike.
The writer was there at the time
and saw the squads of armed men,
with fixed bayonets, patrolling the
streets, and the officers with revolvers
ln their holsters and the said holsters
with their flaps turned back, exposing a goodly portion of their Instruments ot murder. The writer contends that their . pr sence at Olace
Bay was unwarranted, save with the
the. irritating presence- of these men
in uniform.
I have been in. nearly-every mining
camp.la Canada and.'knpw how anxious
the miners are to avoid trouble in
strike times. At Glace Bay where 1
was organizing on behalf of the Socialist party, they, begged me to discontinue the Btreet meetings I was
holding in order that there may not
be the appearance of trouble, and ■
did so. To conclude this somewhat,
and perhaps too lengthy letter, i
would like to say, I wish the minerB
complete and speedy success.-
They wlll have every weapon used
that can be used against them, misrepresentation, villiflcatton, exagera-
tlon of insignificant manifestations of
resentment into riots; in a word, no
means will be neglected to prejudice
their case and to defeat their cause,
but may they win In any case.
Whatever the outcome of this particular squabble, the ultimate end ls
not for a moment ln doubt; the time
will come when the workers of all
countries will realize their true and
common Interests, and will combine
In an effective way and in sufficient
force to settle the matter for good and
all and to end the era of strikes and
the need of them forever.
I would like to add, with regard to
the strike at Olace Bay, that the
mayor of the town refused to requisition the troops, saying he saw no need
for them, but they were sent notwithstanding. Let the government
keep the troops out of the Crow's Nest
Pass and there will be no trouble
worth speaking of.
 ! 1
Socialist Directory    j
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under this
head. $1.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.	
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1688, V'ancou-
ver,  B. C.	
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box IIII Vancouver. B. C.	
Committee, Socialist Party of Can
ado. Meets every alternate Monday ln
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
headquarters and public reading room
Show building, Hamilton street Business meetings every Saturday night at
8 p. m. Neil McLean, secretary, John
Mclnnis, organizer. Comrades contemplating coming to Port George are
earnestly requested to write for reliable information.        >
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   B.  0.,  HO.  1.—
Canada.      Business    meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
LOOAL  VERNON  B.   0.,   Ho.   38,   S.   P
of O. Meets every Tuesday, 8 p. m
sharp, at L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St
W. H. Qllmore,  Secretary,	
It Is natural for the cat to eat the
canary and Just as natural for the canary to watch itself and prevent the
cat from eating it. There is no blame
attached to the cat eating the bird or
the bird getting eaten. We cannot
blame the capitalists for enslaving us,
nor blame ourselves for being the
victims of our circumstances, but lt ls
up to us to educate ourselves out of
our slavery.  Socialism ls the only way.
Committee: Notice—This card is
inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested ln the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous ot becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. H. Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, Winnipeg.
LOCAL  VICTORIA,  B.   C,  Ho.  3,  8.  P.
of C.—Reading room and headquarters,
1319 Government St., Room 2, over
Collator's Gun Store. Business meetings every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Pi-ope-
gnmla meetings every Sunday at Crys-
tal Theatre.    T. Gray, secretary.
Party of Canada. Meets every first
and third Saturday in the month, 8:00
p.m., at headquarters, Main Street,
North Battleford. Secretary will
answer any communications regarding the movement in this Province.
A. Glldemeester, Secretary, Box 201
North Battleford, Sask.
The Socialist party ot Chicago has
ben excedingly friendly with the
unions and made especial efforts to get
organized labor in line with the party
All this friendliness toward the
unions is commendable, but that
friendliness became distinctive and
therein lies the danger.
No effort has been spared to show
organized labor the position of the
party. The Comrades have largely
catered to the unions and been scrupulously careful not to give offense in
any way.
In fact there has been a tendency
to be partial in the treatment of the
unions in order to win them.
Leaders of the unions have been
given prominence in the papers and
their decisions sometimes Indorsed silently or otherwise when they were
rather open to question.
Up to the time of the campaign nothing in the world could have been done
to add to the friendly and courteous
treatment of the unions by the Social
1st party and press.
There was, therefore, no excuse for
the leaders who went over into the
capitalist rank and indorsed Merri-
man and Harrison.
We have learned that catering to
the unions is all foolishness. It ls a
waste of time.
Treat the unions as other workers,
but not differently.
The Socialist Party must never
make any distinction between union
men and other workers ln the treatment of them.
Encourage organization among the
workers and treat all organized workers with all due courtesy, but never
cater to the unions as organizations
in any way different from the treatment accorded the unorganized portion of the working class.
A union card does not weigh a half
ounce to a union man in his political
choice. Look at Pitzpatrlck. , Rodrl
guez had a card and Merriman had
But the card did not count with
Fitzpatrlck. He went over to a nonunion candidate, an enemy of labor.
Just when the unions could have
taken a stand to their own advantage
and supported their own party they
went, with few exceptions, over to
the cardless candidates.
All this shows that tbe Socialist
party must never mistake itself and
think that organized labor is different
from other labor ln political action,
unless it be a little more backward.
The. Socialist party is the party of
the workers—all workers— and wlll
refuse to cater to .the unions more
than to other workers.
The Socialist party does not discourage leadership, provided that leadership is guided by the rank and die.
But whenever a leader goes off and by
his action sells out his fellow workers
he will be mercilessly exposed and his
action sharply criticised.
We have learned tbat it does not
pay in any sense to smooth over any
rascality or treason committed by labor leaders. They only become more
Let every worker unite' for the overthrow of the capitalist system and for
view of irritating the strikers.   Alsofthe securing of the rights that belong
at Springhill. Troops at strikes cause
more violence than the prevent. Tbe
workers' organization does more to
prevent violence than any armed body
can do. The majority of these organizations are cool-headed men who
know that violence will do more harm
than good to their cause, and so are
a more effective means of restraining
those few who ln any large body of
men are: likely to let their passions
get the better of their Judgment, than
to every human being.—Daily Socialist.
Get your think-tanks to work ln your
spare moments and study cause and
effect and you will soon surprise yourself to flnd how it will help you to
become a quick reasoner
"He held his audience while he
'helled' the system,'" says a comrade
In a letter.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada
meets every second and fourth Sunda>
i». the. Cape Breton ofllce of the Party
Commercial Street, Glace Bay, N. S
Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491
Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   S.   P.   of  C.   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernie. every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business
meeting first Sunday ln each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
B. O.
38, s. P. or
Meet i every Tue
at 7:30 p.m.
Union     Hall.
tho   hundon
Communications to be addressed Draw
K., sandon,
B. C.
LOOAL     COLBMAN,     ALTA.,    NO.    S.
Miners' Hall and Opera House—Propaganda meetings at 8 p. m. on the first
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at 8.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box 63,
Coleman, Alto. Visitors may receive
Information uny day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W. Graham, secretary of
U. M. W. of A. '
ot C. Meetings every Sunuuy at li
p.m. in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. B. (near postofllce). Club
and Reading Room. Labor Hah,
George Kossitcr, Sec., Box 647, A. Mao-
donald.   Organizer,   Box   647.
P. of C. Hearquarters 622 i-list St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp
Our Reading Room is open to the public free, ironi 10 a.m. to II  p.m. dally
Secretary,  A.  Farmilo,  622 First  St.
Organiser, W. Stephenson.
LOOAL   GREENWOOD.   B.   C,    NO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting comrades invited to call. C.
G. Johnson, Secretary.
LOOAL   LADYSMITH   NO.  10,   B.   P.   oi
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave
J. H. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmith,
B. C.
LOOAL  MICHEL,   B.   ©.,   NO.   IS,   S.   P.
OP C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p. in.
in Crahon's Hall. A hearty Invitation
Is extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the lirst
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a. m. In the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
LOCAL MARA, B. C, NO. 34, S. P. of C,
Meets flrst Sunday in every month in
Socialist Hail. Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
RoBcman,  Recording  Secretary,
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. in McGregoi
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
LOOAL  NANAIMO,   NO.  8,  S.  P.  of  C.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
A. Jordan, Secy    llox 410.
every Friday evening at S p. m., li
Miners' Hall, Nelson. B. C. I. A. Austin, Secy.
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hall ln Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m.   L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
LOOAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,   NO.   7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. T. S. Cassidy, Organizer; B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunduy at
7:80 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
54 Rossland. 	
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thurjdays ln the month at 2237
Westminster Avenue. Secretary, Wm.
S. P. of C.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sunday in the month, at 4 p.m. in
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas.
Peaoock. Box 1383.	
every Sunday at 7:30 p.m., in Trades
Hall, Hearth Street. Business meetings 2nd und 4th Fridays at 8 p.m.
Trades Hall. Secretary B. Simmons.
Box 10411.
OP C. headquarters No. 10 Nation
Block, Rosser Ave. Propaganda meeting. Sunday at S p. m.; hiilneis meeting, second und fourth Mondays at 8
p. m.; economic class, Sundays at 3
p. m.; speakers' <.-iu.ss». Wednesday at
8 p. m.; algebra class, Friday at 8
p, m.; debating class, first and third
Mondays ut s p. in. l>. France, Organizer,   Il2f,  Victoria Ave.
ol c. Headquarters, 528 1-2 Main
Street, Room No. 2, next Dreamland
Tlieatre. Business meeting every alternate Monday evening at 8 p.-ta.;
propaganda meeting every Wednesday
at 8 p.m.; economic class every Sunday afternoon, 3 p.m. Organizer, Hugh
l.uidlow, Room 2, 528 1-2 Main Street
Beoretary, J. W. Hillings, 270 Young
LOCAL     NO.     34,     TORONTO,   ONT	
Headquarters, 10 und 12 Alice St
incur Vonge). Business meetings
every 2nd and 4th Wednesday; propaganda meetings every Sunday at t
und 8 p. m. By arrangement with
Toronto University popular scientific
lectures every Monday at 8 p.m. during ttio winter. Address all communications to Secretary, No. 10 and IS
Alice  St.
LOCAL BRANTPORD, No. 16, B. P. of O.
Meets at headquarters; 13 Oeorge St.,
every Thursday und Sunday nights.
Business and Speukers' Class on Thursdays; Economic- Class on Sundays.
Wage workers invited. A. w. Baker,
Secretary, 1) George St. w. Haven-
port. Organiser,  141 Nelson St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   S.   P.   of   a
Business     meeting     1st    Sunday    in
month,  und   propaganda meetings  following   Sundays  nt  8  p.m.   in   Robert
Ailun   Hall,   78   Illdcau   St.    John Lyons,
Secretary, 44 Chnmherlin Ave.
Business und Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdon-
aid's hull, Union Street. All are wel-
\conie. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Se-
cretary, Glace Buy; Wm. Sutherland
Orgunlzer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Rosa,
Financial Secretary, office ln b N
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
To Canadian  Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rutes we are obliged to make the
HubHcrlptlon price of the International Socialist Review In Canada
$1.20 a year lnatead of $1.00. We
can, however, make the following
special offers:
For $3.00 we will mall three
copies of the Review tn one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mall ten
copies of any one issue.
For $3.00 we wlll mall the  Re* -
view   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
lS-f West Kinale St., Chicago.
.. ___ the business of Manufacturers
Bngineeru and others who realize the ndvisahil-
lly of baring their Patent business transacted
byExpciU. Preliminary advice free. Charges
modeisti. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
•eqnest. Merlon fit Marion, New York Life Uldg
Montreal I > ud Washington, 1> C, U.S.A.
the Cafeteria
A good
place to cat
305 Cambie Street
The. best of everything properly
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    j5c
Life of Jesus, Rennn    J5C
Age of Reason, Paine  „"   Jgc
Merrie England         {p.
God and My Neighbor, Bl'atch
ford  „       |5c
Ingersoll's Lectures.each.  25c
Origin of Species, Darwin....   tit
Kvoiution oi the Idea of God
Grant Allen , J ]gc
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
15H Cordova St. W.
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
Hew Weatminater "Land District, District
of wew Westminster.
Tuke notice that William Mcintosh, of
Vancouver, occupation real estate agent.
Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted about 471
feet in a westerly direction from the
southeast corner of Block 18, District
Lot 196, City of Vancouver; thence
northerly 120 feet; thence easterly 128
feet to old high water mark; thence
south 120 feot along old high water
mark; thence west to point of commencement.
william Mcintosh.
Dated Feb. 24th, 1911 («80)
*"*-S7   in B.C
NBC. fl-^B<,J SATURDAY, APRIL 15th, 1911.
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrades,—I herewith submit
Ithe financial report of the Maritime
{Executive for the six months ending
[December 31st, 1910.   The movement
Tin the maritime provinces is advancing slowly.   Many ot the locals organized by Comrade Gribble have become
dormant.  But it ls encouraging to note
(he progress that ls taking place in
pur industrial centers, especially Cumberland  and  Cape   Breton   counties,
vhere we have candidates on the field
lo contest the coming provincial election  which  wlll  come off  early  thiB
lummer.    We have in the county ol
I'ape Breton Comrade Sutherland mak-
ig a house to house canvass of the
liding selling and distributing lltera-
|ire  and getting  in  touch  with  the
Jage workers and their families.   We
lelleve this method of propaganda will
|ring forth good results.
Yours in revolt,
Glace Bay, March 29, 1911.
ly balance, cash on hand, June
)30 ...$128.84
local Glace Bay, due stamps...    19.00
local Sydney Mines, due stamps     8.00
focal Sydney, due stamps      1.80
ocal Fredericton, due stamps..     8.50
ocal St. John, due stamps      6.00
local Newcastle, due stamps...     1.50
local Halifax, due stamps      2.00
lembership cards 80
jonstitutions 50
lontributions   to   organization
(fund      32.65
literature sold       7.00
I'omrade Fillmore's tour $100.00
I iterature bought       3.95
literature expressage 65
,'. Sutherland, organizing     16.00
■tail rent and carriage hire —     6.00
potton's Weekly for Springhill.     6.50
tlx months' card in Clarion      6.00
pom. Executive, due stamps     25.00
N. Brodie Printing Co.......    21.00
Postage 94
I'elegram       1.00
Total $187.u4
|lalance on hand, Dec. .*"1,'10..$ 29.55
Examined  and  compared  with  the
looks of the Maritime Executive and
pund correct.
London, Eng., March 13, 1911.
fo the Editor,
"Western Clarion,"
Vanpouver, B.  C.
I>ear Editor:
(Will you grant us space to answer
Ivo or three points referring to our
[arty, raised in your editorial of Dec-
Inber 17th, 1910.
\ Under cover of a general review of
he situation in Canada, called forth
|y the resolution from Local Toronto,
fou make certain statements against
that calls for a reply,
j For the resolution and its contents
re are, of course, in no way respon-
kble; neither are we called upon to
lefend or explain any actions of Bar-
Jz, while in Canada, though the curl-
|us silence of the editorial on any of
he specific points raised in the reso-
jtion ls significant.
We are told:
"As for the S. P. of C. we confess
\ri have never been quite satisfied
vith it, are not now, and don't ever
I'xpect to be. Nevertheless we are
lot without a suspicion that it is as
far along the right road as any other
Socialist Party we know of, not even
|-xceptlng the impeccable S. P. of G.
And almost immediately following
|ve are told that:
"As far as we can make out it is
hardly an exaggeration to say that the
|3. P. of G. B. appears to have lost sight
Jjf Capitalism and ls now fighting re-
lform. It ls certainly far more anti-
[eformlst than anti-capitalist."
What this has to do with the Tor-
| into resolution will doubtless
puzzle the reader, particularly
■as the only reference to our-
laelves In the resolution Ib the follow-
"If re-organization is assented to, we
lean stand side by Bide with the So-
llcallst Party of Great Britain, and say
}<ie are worthy of Working Class Support."
Apparently it is the latter portion of
Lhe sentence that the Editor objects to,
Its he claims we are more "anti-reformist" than "anti-capitalist."
Such a statement is worthy of cre-
Idence in direct proportion to the
(amount of evidence brought forward
lln its support.' _What evidence does
Ithe editor adduce in support? His as-
Fsertlon. And why? Is he ignorant of
[the attitude of the S. P. of G. B.?  The
answer is No.
The principles and Policy of the Socialist Party of Great Britain, as laid
down ln its Declaration of Principles,
Its Manifesto, and ln the pages of the
Socialist Standard.
Yet with all these available for him
to use he falls to give a single fact or
quotation ln support of his assertions.
Take for instance the last issue of the
"Socialist Standard" available for the
Editor of the "Western Clarion" when
he wrote the article for Dec. 1910 issue.
Turn to its pages and note the .contents.
Front page—Election Manifesto, entirely antl-capltalist. Second page-
Article on I. L. P. giving the Marxian
standpoint of the Class struggle, and
Materialist conception of History, and
showing how the I. L, P. are supporters
of Capitalism. Again entirely anti-
capitalist. Third page—"The Revolutionary Proposition," and "Pot Pourri,"
both entirely antl-capitallBt. Fourth
page—leading article dealing with the
capitalist use of the military ln Welsh
Coal Strike, and article on "Social Contrasts." Both of these, in different
ways, show the slave position of the
Working Class under Capitalism. Fifth
page—article on cotton lock-out, showing how certain so-called Labor-leaders
are but decoy ducks for the capitalist
class. Sixth page—articles on Historical development of Society, anti-capitalist. Seventh page—article showing
the position of the Working Class with
relation to the armed forces, anti-capitalist. Article on Walthamstow Election, showing the workers the Capitalist charactervand position of both candidates.   Eight page—Standing matter.
In this issue there is not a single article other than anti-capitalist, and
only one that deals in any particular
way with a reform, i.e., the article on
the anti-war campaign.
It may be urged that one issue of the
Socialist Standard is not sufficient to
back up our case, take then a year.
In the twelve Issues for 1910, if we
leave out Party notes, and answers to
correspondents, there are 112 articles.
Of these only 20 can in any sence be
termed anti-reformist. And even then
seven of them are a series dealing with
the Salvation Army, and five are of
another series replying to a pamphlet
issued by the S. D. P. At this point,
however, we come to the most mis;
leading of the assertions of the Editor
of the Western Clarion. This is the
suggestion contained in the quotation
we have given, that the anti-reformist
attltnde of the S. P. of G. B., so far
as it exists, is not anti-capitalist.
On no other grounds has the statement any meaning. What evidence
does the Editor offer for this statement? His assertions. Yet our only
grounds for opposing the reforms referred to in the various articles ls
clearly shown in those articles, and
is just because they are to the interest of the Capitalist Class and
againBt the interests of the Working
Further on in the article we are told:
"To be a Socialist Party it has but
to expose the Capitalist system, but
to be the S. P. of G. B. it must expose
the S. D. P. and I. L P"
What pearls of wisdom!
And does the writer suggest that we
could expose the Capitalist system,
and leave the Capitalist Class out of
sight? If so will he kindly inform
us who manipulate the powers ot government under Capitalism, and who
exploit the Working Class?
If we are to keep the Capitalist
Class in our sight we must
also keep in sight all the supporters
of the Capitalist Class, whether Lib-
Lab., I. L. P., or S. D. P.
And is not the Propaganda of Socialism an important part of the work
of a Socialist Party?
Moreover when further on in the
article, the editor states that our opposition to the S. D. P. and I. L. P. is
because they are reformist and christian, he is evidently relying upon the
majority of his readers being unacquainted with the Socialist Standard.
Those who do read the Socialist
Standard, know well tbat the primary reason for our opposition to these
parties, is because they are pro-capitalist parties. The reform and christian sides of their activities are secondary in importance to this fundamental ground ot our opposition. Our
Manifesto also strongly emphasizes
this point.
Another curious statement is made
when it said:
"It (the S. P. of G. B.), is perforce
compelled to keep Its own record spotless and be most select In the matter
of its membership, which it can also
afford to do as its recruiting ground
ls not among non-socialists but Socialists of sorts."
And further it says:
"The S. P. of C. recruits Its rankB
not from among Socialists, but non-
Wit]} so many other of the statements of the editor, two different con
clusions may be drawn from the above.
The flrst is that the S. P. of G, B. does
not carry on propaganda among' the
non-Socialists, while the S. P. of C.
does. And again, the evidence in support of this is—the editor's assertion.
A glance at the back page of the
Socialist-Standard will snow anyone
caring to look that our propaganda ls
carried on by public meetings, and
sales of our literature at those meetings. Even the Editor of the Western.
Clarion will hardly claim that the British Public are all Socialists yet.
So the flrst conclusion is baseless.
The second is we do not take ln at
members, any who are not socialists.
So far as we are able to effect this,
the conclusion ls quite correct.
We contend that our Declaration of
principles contains the minimum requirements for one to claim to be a Socialist and we always tell our audiences that they are only expected to
join our party when they accept this
But apparently the S. P. of C. does
hot demand such a standard. For on
the same -conclusion they allow non-
socialists to join their ranks. And
this may well acount for the difficulty
of the editor when called upon by one
of the Locals of his Party to answer
certain specific statements, replies by
indulging in a series of false statements, and baseless charges against
the S. P. of G. B.
The Executive Committee,
Socialist Partv of Great Britain,
W. Knight, Gen. Sec.
•   *   •
(Comrade Knight is slightly previous
in his defence of the Socialist Standard, as we have said nothing against
the Standard which we still consider
the best Socialist paper extant, and we
have no hesitation in recommending
any of our readers who have the price
to spare to subscribe' to it—Address
10 Sandland St., London, W.C., Eng.
Price 50 cents a year. They can then
see for themselves in the Party notes,
whether we were justified In- our statements regarding the S. P of G. B.,
which we are not inclined to retract
Just yet.
The latter part of his letter is also
wide of the mark as it controverts
what we have neither said nor signified.—Ed. Clarion.)
D. G. Mackenzie,
Dear Comrade Slave :—
On Friday evening, March 24th, organizer Budden held a meeting here
and although the meeting was fairly
well advertised, comparatively few
of the farm slaves turned out to hear
him. We usually.have a good attendance in our regular meeting place, but
on this occasion we conceived the
idea of holding this lecture in a place
where such strange doctrine was practically unknown, with the result that
outside of the Comrades themselves
who attended, the number was very
We regret that there were not more
of these agricultural slaves but to absorb such a special brand of the dope
as our Comrade dished out, their indifference must necessarily be of short
duration, however, as there is other
mightier forces at work which will
eventually cause them to revolt, when
capitalistic farming gets more general, and the cost of production is lowered to a point where the average farmer with his little dinky outfit cannot
compete. Budden proved himself a
veritable whirlwind and well deserves his title, the boy orator, being a
farmer by occupation himself, he thoroughly understands the position of his
fellow slaves, and can administer the
dope in A.l. style.
Now that spring has arrived, the
Comrades here contemplate starting
an economic class on Sunday afternoons. More anon. Your Comrade
-'■ Secretary.
D, G. McKenzie, Esq.,
Sec. S. P of tt,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir and Comrade:—
We had with us last week Organizer
Gerald Desmond, who addressed a
meeting here on the 29th of March,
and joined us in holding a Business
Meeting of this Local on the following evening. The public meeting was
fairly well attended and Comrade Desmond's address well received. At the
business meeting we purchased literature to the extent of $8.40 from Comrade Desmond, and two subs, to the
In addition to the above we decided to Insert a Card in the Western
Clarion, the copy for which Is on the
following page.   I got initiated into
the mysteries and necessity of those
quarterly report cardB and    will,   in
future, be punctual in attending to the
matter.   If there Is anything else ln
which we are remiss please let me
know.    With best wishes
Yours fraternally,
A thorough understanding of scientific Socialism Is as good to a working
man as a rudder is to a ship.
Comrade Editor:
Have recently returned from a trip
to the land of the recent encounter of
Peers versus People. Getting outside
the dock gates I saw a crowd of men
whom pious, and other good folks,
glibly speak of as the unemployed.
Most of them seemed big fellows, hanging about after that desideratum of
the worker, a job, members of an Imperial race, no doubt they were hoping
to earn something so as to spend a
"Merry" Christmas. They have big
posters around ln the cities with "Consumption can be cured. Will you help?"
on them. The picture, consists of a
nurse with arms outstretched and in
the rear of the nurse ls a typical
crowd of workers, lllclothed and thin
of face of course, whilst ln the background is a modern factory. Evidently even these charitable institutions
seem to see the connection between
the factory and consumption, although,
of course, what they will do with the
money I oan't say.
Strolling over one of London's
breathing spots one day I espied a
crowd of men at work with shovels
and barrows, not quite understanding
what they were doing I asked a bystander who replied "Oh, they are
unemployed, you can see that, poor
beggars," "yes," he added, "they are
making an artificial lake." In the
days of Rome 'tis said they used at
times to give the workers free bread
and circuses, but these free-born
sons of Britain get work, digging a
hole ln the ground and filling' lt up
again with water.-
Much Is being talked of these days
of reciprocity and very recently they
had ln England, the great revolutionary democratic budget of Lloyd
George. We ln Canada are being told
the benefits that will accrue to the
workers from reciprocity and the same
thing was worked on the workers ln
England as regards the budget. What
Is the result, well, of course what any
Socialist would expect, nothing; the
workers are in the same position as
Will the workers of England ever
wake up? It almost seems at first
sight they won't, but I think there is
hope yet, the meetings held by our
Comrades of the S. P. of G. B. around
the metropolis are well attended and
good interest seems to be taken ln the
A. J. B.
With the Dominion Convention in
view, I should like to voice the sentiments of some of the Comrades in
Eastern Canada. As far as can be
seen, the Socialist Party of Canada
ends after passing Winnipeg or Toronto. No serious attempts have ever
been made to spread the movement
in New Brunswick or Nova Scotia,
Gribble made a flying visit here once
upon a time and Fillmore also did his
bit, but what the comrades up here
want to know is; do they belong to
the Socialist Party of Canada, or are
they on their own? The "Western
Clarion" has latterly been made into
the Vancouver News or the blow-off
of the Victoria, or should I say the B.
C. Gas House.
As far as St. John is concerned, we
are miles away from the headquarters
of the Maritime Executive and consequently seem to be out of touch with
that body and very seldom do we ever
hear of the Dominion Executive
worrying themselves about, Eastern
affairs. Our members pay their per
capita, so I suppose after all they must
belong to the S. P. of tt, but lt Is tn
name only and one of our members
even suggested that Instead of paying
the tax we ought to use it right here
in St. John, seeing that we get very
little benefit.
If we are to be a united party it is
time that the Maritime and the Dominion Executives did something to
alter the state of affairs that now exists. Yours for a solidified revolutionary movement from Pacific to Atlantic.
St. John, N. B.
Local No. 6.
Hlbernicus ls a wilful perverter of
facts—if that Is the polite way of calling a fellow a d  liar.   Neither he
nor anyone else ever heard me say
that the exploitation of the farmers or
agriculturists was simply because they
did not control the railroads. Neither
did I ever say anything to that effect.
The church claims to have done the
greatest work in moulding the minds
of people and teaching them the truth.
Result—we flnd 99 per cent of the
people prefer fiction of any kind, rather than fact.
Don't Swear !
at your Doll Saw
take It to Elliott,
the specialist
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of tha
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong'to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker a
So long as tbe capitalist class remains in possession of the reins ot
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist Bystem gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tho wage1
system, under which Ib cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transforms'
tion of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between tbe capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to bold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party wben in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism?   If lt will, the Socialist Party Ib for It; If it will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
|       In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
; to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
Anyone sending , sltolrh mid description mny
qiiluklr ascortriln onr opinion free whether un
Invention Is prnbnblr piU'il'.'.'I'.'J.lin^'""?,1"."1'"''-
lions strletlyconlldeulliil. HANDBOOK on Patents
sunt free. Oldest iipon.-y for pecurlnjrt'Utents.
l'ntonts taken through Munn A Co. rocelT.
special notice, without clinrao, la tho
Scientific American.
A handforaely Ulurtratwl weekly. Lar**rcit circulation of any ScteatlnQ journal, lerms for
Canada, |3.7B a year, pontage prepaid. Hold t»T
nil newidi-aleri.
jg5n.seiB-o.il--.. New York
H. N. Fitzgerald
Sunday, April
Issued   by   the   Dominion   Executive
"Slave of the Farm," or "Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing
to the publishing fund, $1.00 per 100;
to others, 25c per dozen.
"Socialism and Unionism," to locals
subscribing to the publishing fund,
$1.00 per 100; to others, 25c per dozen.
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100; to others, 30c per dozen.
"Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism," to subscribers to publishing
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Capital, Vol. I, II, III, Karl Marx,
per vol $2.00
Ancient Society, Lewis Morgan $1.60
Six Centuries of Work and Wages,
Thorold Rogers   2.00
Woman Under Socialism, Bebel.. 1.00
Essays on the Materialist Conception of History, Labrialo  1.00
Socialism and Philosophy, Labrlola 1.00
Positive  Outcome  of  Philosophy
Dietzgen    .'.... 1.0*
Philosophical Essays, Dietzgen... 1.00
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Enrico Ferri  1.00
Evolution Social and Organic, Arthur M. Lewis     .50
Vital  Problems  ln  Social  Evolution, Arthur M. Lewis 50
The above works will be sent postpaid to any part of Canada. This la
only a selection of our stock and almost any bound work ln Chaa. H.
Kerr's catalogue can be had. Orders
to be addressed David Galloway, 2241
Main St., Vancouver.
Off you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and ha'« much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address lo our office and we will .end a nian
to measure your premises anil give you an estimate ol cost of
Installing the gss pipes,
8ATURDAY, APRIL 16th, 1011.
"Dear Mac:—
I've often, in reading the American
Capitalistic'papers, come across little
bits of Socialistic philosophy, which
led me to beliece that perhaps after
all these editors and writers knew
a great deal more than they dared tb
express. I told a friend who moves
among the bunch, my views, and he
assured me that such was the case,
that some of their picked men were
Socialists. "Then why don't they
speak out?" questioned. "Because
they are just waiting for you rank and
file to get strong enough," returned
he, "meanwhile, until then, 'mum's'
the word."
Can you have any doubt that the
enclosed cutting written up for a New
York paper, with its veiled sarcasm
ridicules F. T. Martin, while pretending to praise him up. Frederick T.
Martin, bye the bye, is one of the
smart set, well-known among the 400,
no dinner party or high class function
being complete without him. Here tt
Mr. Martin Tells it All to the Bowery.
• "Frederick Townsend Martin, in
faultless evening dress, and the Bowery, in equally homogeneous undress
and unkemptness, told each other at
the Bowery Mission last night how
sick and tired each had grown of their
previous mode of life. At first flash
Mr. Martin didn't look quite so sick
and tired as the Bowery derelicts. The
Bowery testlmonlallsts, however, for
the most part, announced that they
had been saved. Mr. Martin, on the
other hand, said he wanted to be saved; he wanted to help love and uplift
humanity—but he didn't just yet know
"Oh, if you could only know what
is ln my heart—what interest, what
sympathy, what love for humanity!"
cried Mr. Martin, "and what hours and
hours I have thought over the problems of the poor! My highest thoughts
in this world have been to relieve the
sufferings of the poor."
By way of beginning to solve the
said problems Mr. Martin at the end
of the meeting shook some two score
gnarled and knotty hands of soiled
and bumpy, fatigued, and not always
llquorless individuals. Thereafter he
was whisked in his waiting automobile back to his apartments at the
Plaza. His brother, Howard Townsend
Martin, also attended the meeting,
also likewise, faultlessly attired, but
did not shake hands.
"Mr. Martin kept the Bowery waiting
almost an hour beyond the time scheduled for his arrival. He was detained at dinner at the home of Mrs.
- Herman Oelricbs, who, with some of
her guests, Mr. and Mrs. Stuyvesant
Fish, Col. and Mrs. William Jay, Judge
Fawcett, and Judge Norman Dike,
were likewise to have attended the
mission meeting and hear Mr. Martin
preach on the text: "Charity is not
the solution of the problem of poverty." At the last moment, however,
the newspapers had somehow got wind
of the social descent. So all except
Messrs Martin and Bertram Cuger, together with a few men and women
who weren't at the dinner but were of
the elite, stayed away. Of the Bowery mlssioners, on the other hand,
none stayed away, for the meeting had
been advertised as "a most unusual
gathering," which it was.
"At 9:20 o'clock Mr. Martin entered
the mission, handed his fur-lined coat
to one attendant, his silk hat to another, and, after waiting until the solo
started by Francis Rogers and entitled "Songs of Araby" was ended, walked up the aisle toward the altar. Before whisked one of the mission ushers, whispering hurriedly to the end-
seat mlssioners:
"'Keep your feet In!'
"Mr Martin wore a white silk waistcoat and his brother one of black silk,
but the Bowery critics of fashion did
not haggle long as to which form was
in better style. They sat hushed and
" 'Has he came?' inquired one knobby person called 'Butts,' the donor of
many a black eye, who had hitherto
been sonorously snoring, except when
the time came to raise hands in testimony to 'being saved.' Mr. Rogers,
the soloist, finished one more solo,
ending with the words, 'Sing when
your trials are greatest.' Then Mr.
Martin was Introduced by Supt. Halll-
"Mr, Martin spoke with much feeling throughout, and his voice broke
ever and anon with the intensity of
his emotion. He was hoarse and perspiring when he finished.
" 'I can't tell you the pleasure It gives me to be with you tonight,' he said.
'If I only had words to tell you what
Interest, what love for humanity and
the men that do not belong to what
you may call my fortunate sphere! If
I could only tell you the hours and
hours I have thought over the problems of th" poor! You have no Idea
how it ha-, absorbed me. My highest
thought? in this world have been how
to relieve the sufferings of the poor.
It seems impossible for me to say that
and no doubt the world will say it is
Impossible. But I stand here tonight
and say it is possible.
" 'Man is the greatest inhabitant
on the face of the earth—the thinker
the dreamer, the builder. From clay
he constructs the most mighty edifi
ces. He catches the light and heat
from the thunderbolt and from the
sun. His work staggers the imagination.'
' 'Now, if only all the world would
serve each, and if each would serve
all, nobody would be poor and poverty would disappear. Charity alone
will never solve the problem of poverty. No one wants to live upon charity. What the laboring classes in this
country want is not charity, but justice!'
'This evoked tremendous appleause,
which awoke the aforementioned somniferous Butts, who joined them.
' 'Talking from my own experience,' continued Mr. Martin in a tone
that carried conviction to all, 'I may
say that we don't really know how to
live and do something for others until it is nearly time to leave the world.
I shall preach and write as long as
I have power to get the rich of the
world to give interest and sympathy
and brotherly affection to the poor.
There has never been that brotherhood and love to make capital and
labor prasp hands and do away with
discord and strikes.
' 'And don't get discouraged, my
dear friends, and think the other class
to which I belong is happy. I can
tell you tonight that the happiest people on the face of the earth are those
who gain their bread in the sweat
of the brow.'
'There were some in the audience
who regarded Mr. Martin attentively
and seemed doubtful of this.
' 'The curse that comes with riches,' continued the speaker, wiping
the perspiration and adjusting a collop-
sing collar, 'is suspicion. The suspicion of one's own friendB. Only recently I tried to introduce one of my
friends to a man and he asked me
sharply: 'What the deuce does he
want to get out of me?' The only
people in the world who are happy are
those who forget themselves and work
for their families. The greatest power in the world is not the power of
gold, but the power of love. Gold takes away your happiness if you love it.
If there is any good in me, it is because of my dtsoppolntments and sorrows. Each time I pull myself up
after misfortune, it is because I love
humanity and man. I want to do
something for you all. There are
thousands in the social world who
want to help the poor, but who don't
know how. Even so, however, they
are already doing great work.
" 'The question of poverty is a great
social question,' continued Mr. Martin
moving on toward his peroration, and
raising his hand therewith. 'It is a
question that requires courage.'
"'Boom!' There was a blinding
Sash, and dense upcircling of smoke.
Mr. Martin paled visibly, but it was
only the flashlight photographer of one
of the newspapers getting Mr. Martin's
peroration, and when this was discovered loud cries and laughter resounded throughout the mission.
" 'That requires courage,' resumed
Mr. Martin after some hesitation, with
a gradually successful smile. ' You
see, we require courage sometimes, no
matter how low down you get, my
friends, hold on to your courage, and
your self respect. Stick to your oars
and don't desert your ship. Face it
boldly and with courage and manhood.
Fan up your manhood and character,
and it will make you noble and splendid ment find give you tbe greatest victory in life.
" 'My religion is the religion of keeping your heart pure and good and full
of sympathy for all humanity. Oh, I
could go on, my friends, and talk forever on this subject so dear to me (No
applause). But before I Say good-bye,
I will add that I would like to say to
each one of you and shake your rough
hands as brothers. From my heart
I say It.'
"Mr Martin ended, and again there
was a storm of applause that swept
the eye-blacking Butts into the snore-
less present. It was nearly a minute
before the enthusiastic benchers stopped slapping their huge hands upon
their threadbare knees to prove how
they appreciated Mr. Martin.
'With similar tokens of appreciation they met the sallies of James
Brown, a single-taxer, who next addressed them on the topic 'The Idle
Rich and the Idle Poor,' and entreated them not to hold the riches of
'of the other half against them.
' 'Those fellows can't help lt any
more than you can,' said-Air. Brown.
They simply got the other end of the
stick. Of course, if they'd really like
to know what to do to help humanity,
I could tell them if they came to me.'
"Then he talked single tax. Others
present besideB the regular Bowery
voters were the Rev. Dr. A. H. Evans
of the West Presbyterian Church,
Mrs. M. Mlnot Plimpton, Bertram Cuger, and Miss Anna Taylor Jones."
Yours in revolt,
Landed at Zealandla and Comrade
Isley bombarded and stormed **-
Chinese restaurant, and I had supper. After tbat I was bundled
into a sleigh to face a journey of sixteen miles. It would have been all
right but it was thawing and lt the
horses happened to get the least bit
off the trail they disappeared in the
soft snow. We arrived ln the early
hours of the morning and the tireless
Walter Menzle made haste to welcome
us. The shack of sods was the home
of Isley, and I shared the lot of him
and his family, for most of the time I,
stayed in the district. The industrial
worker has no conception ot the difficulties of the Socialists in these out-of-
the-way places. Menzles and Root, ot
Zealandla, are two of the best workers
in the party, and the most courageous
men I know. I addressed seven meetings and we drove altogether about
100 miles over very bad roads.
Cold, snow and poverty-stricken
misery is everywhere Been to be the
lot of the Homesteader. Sod shacks
and desolation generally meet the eye
on all parts of the prairie. The seven
meetings called for more effort on the
part of the comrades than some of our
party give to the movement in a lifetime. The boys here are the right
stuff anyhow and they will have mere
supporting them before many moons.
From Zealandla I went to Harris and
found the Blondlns and the Gordons.
Everybody worked hard to rouse the
town and we soon had a good meeting.
The movement in Harris.is healthy
and the hotel is In the bands ot tbe
Reds. I feel dry when I think of what
has been. There was nothing top good
for a Socialist when I was there.
On arriving at Dundurn, I was ln it
fix. The man I had written to lived
seven miles out and he hadn't been
for his mall. I hunted up Vogen and
Day. Vogen was an Utopian before
he read the Clarion. He said, "Do you
know, I've been calling myself a Socialist tor five years, and until I heard
from you and read the Clarion I
didn't know the slightest thing about
lt." Day also was loud ln praise of
the organ of the party. The latter Ib
a student of evolution and has a sound
knowledge of the proposition. These
boys said that a meeting in town was
impossible, as the only hall was engaged by a concert party. But the
propagandist must never say die, and
so I went to the telephone to see what
the chances were outside I could not
get the only man I knew, but I got
switched on to a farmer who knew me.
We talked things over and decided to
wait until morning Tne rural telephone is a good thing sometimes when
you are hard up for a meeting in
these parts. The following morning a
message came to the hotel and in an
hour after receiving it a slave of the
farm showed up. "A meeting for you
today and one tomorrow." I stared.
"How ln thunder did you manage it?'
I was puzzled, but lt seems be had
called up the farmers through the
phone and also sent a boy on a pony
to inform those not connected.
We were soon flying along the road
behind two of the fastest ponies ever
seen. My driver. Comrade Brown,
treated me with great deference. It
seems he had been a coachman in the
old country and his manners are ln his
blood." He reads every line in the
Clarion and believes Mac to be possessed of supernatural powers. He
says, "That fellow can tell just what
I think." Brown is a kicker and a
worker from the word go. We eventually came to one of the beBt houses
in the locality and there we stopped.
I received a royal welcome, my coachman attending to my bag. "Force of
habit," he said, and tor the next two
days I had a good time.
I addressed a meeting in the house
that night that lasted about eight
hours without one single member getting tired. We debated on Materialism
and Idealism and went through all we
could on Economics. The farmer is
stronger than the industrial worker
and will fight. He is the man we want
because he is worth having. We had
a splendid audience awaiting us at a
school house the night after and at
6.36 a. m. the next morning my faithful
henchman had me at Dundurn station
in time to catch the train. "Comrades, don't think the spouters do
what is done. It is such as Comrade
Brown that keeps our movement
The train took me to Prince Albert,
where I stayed the night and the next
day took the train going east. A man
In the train attracted my attention and
when he turned round to see who
smote him on the shoulder I saw the
map of Ireland smiling through the
liquid blue. O'Brien was smiling so
big I feared he would cut his throat.
We talked shop. "How's the taciturn
Gribble?" I said. "Fine," said he.
What's the sun of a gun doing?" "He's
drilling the boys ln economics and I
tell you he's going to turn out as
smart a set ln Calgary as he did in
Toronto." You can imagine the rest
of the journey. O'Brien got off at Kin
istlno and I went forward to Star City.
The train stopped at Melfort twenty
minutes and I hunted a Socialist out
before it started and made him cough
up a sub. Star City Is my present
place of abode. We held a meeting
here last night, collection five twenty,
four subs and $1.50 literature. I speak
at Valparaiso on Thursday, Mefort
Saturday, and then to Kinistino to fill
some dates O'Brien will make there
for me. Have addressed nothing but
farmers on this trip. They are rotten
ripe for Socialism and beat the Industrial worker hollow as material to
work on. The circulation of the
Clarion will be increased by fifty
new readers by this trip.
It has been very uphill work to get
in touch with friends to arrange meetings in this province. We, however,
are making steady progress. I could
form locals in a dozen places in the locality but Utopians are no good to us
except to hinder the propagation of
true Socialism. We must educate first
and organize afterwards. Let the com.
rades'ln the province keep in touch
with the new P. Ex. and help towards
the deBired end. The conquest of
Saskatchewan by tbe Reds must be
the watchword of the comrades one
and all. We want workers, no others.
The man who is not a missionary Is
cheap at $100 a year. There are some
things so easy to do that nobody
seems to think of doing them, getting
a sub, for instance.
The most puzzling thing to me in
the movement ls this fact Some members of the party simply study Socialism for pleasure. They are well
Informed, but they never make the
slightest use of what they know. They
will split hairs till doomsday. They
will nnd fault and sneer on all occasions, but they never have nor never
will help to educate those whom we
must teach ln order to free ourselves.
They obstruct and dishearten those
who are willing and anxious to push
things along. I do nnot care how
much a man knows about the proposition if he will not help to teach those
who do not know he is not a class
conscious man. We want no man ln
the party in this province who is not
prepared to work. The others can
chew the fat outside.
A wage slave contends that "absolutely" is confusing ln the following
In the course of a lecture on the
working class, their wages and productive powers, by  , the following statement was made, that the
workers today received relatively less
than they did 60 years ago, but "absolutely" they were receiving more?
Should the comparison not read thus:
That the workers today receive relatively less ln proportion to their total
product than they did 60 years ago.
A. G.
Notwithstanding the fact that Com:
rade Baritz has fallen from grace ln
high quarters, he returned to St. John,
N. B., via the S. S. "Mount Temple"
after a visit to Manchester, London,
and Antwerp.
He addressed two meetings here and
lectures such as our comrade put up,
have never been heard before in St.
John, even with visits from such undesirable citizens as Haywood, Fillmore and Gribble.
He certainly carries his audience
with him and has therefore given the
movement a fillip in this city. Another two records were broken, more
literature was sold and more collection taken than ever before, which
ls proof enough that our comrade can
give the pure and unadulterated revolutionary: physic. To those who have
never heard him, give him a show. He
has now left for Toronto via Montreal,
and his address will be 10-12 Alice St,
Appended is a short report of the
two meetings held in St. John, culled
from the St. John "Standard" (Con
"Moses Barltz Hands out Plain Talk
to Two Audiences In the Social
lets Hall.
"Moses Baritz, of Toronto addressed
two meetings held in the Socialist
Hall, Mill Street, yesterday. In the
afternoon he argued that the capitalist system of production would break
down as soon as the machinery of
production was completed, a condition that was being rapidly attained
in countries like the United States
where the capitalists found there
were more factories than they needed
and were forming trusts and closing
down factory after factory. As this
condition was approximated the capitalists would be unable to find new
fields to Invest their surplus values,
would be up against Ricardo's law of
diminishing returns and having fulfilled their historic function would in
accordance with a well-known biological law share the fate of all useless
In the evening the speaker gave a
sketch of the economic evolution of
society, claiming that the capitalist
society had reached a stage of development where the workers must
perforce, realize their historic mission, and In order to advance their
interests seize upon the political power and utilize lt to establish economic
Dear Comrade,—We have just had
a flying visit from Comrade Lestor.
He addressed two meetings ten miles
east of Dundurn. We had a good
bunch of intelligent farmers present
and Comrade Lestor gave them the
revolutionist dope, red hot from the
mint.   '
The farmers are a strong-headed
bunch of people to get Socialism hammered into. They imagine they are
capitalists. They are educated along
the little narrow groove of capitalism
into poverty and don't know how they
got there. They have been educated
to honor God and Providence while
the capitalist class steals away from
them what they produce. But when
daylight ls put on the farmer's position he finds he- has just bought himself a steady job. I say we have got
to educate them and get them to vote
for their own Interest; they don't have
to lose anything only their own ignorance.
The capitalist tells the farmers Socialism stands tor dividing up, while
the capitalist is grabbing all the farmer produces. I think Mr. Capitalist
should say his prayers, buy himself a
set of overalls, get ready to play the
man, get off the worker's back, and
let every man have what he produces.
We have given them warning that the
time is coming when they will have
to work.
Now, comrade, let us fly the red
flag, and bury rent, interest and profit
in a capitalist grave and give every
man what he produces.
Yours in revolt,
A contemplator, writing in the Cow-
ansville Eyeopener, maintains that
"unemployment" breeds and multiplies
"itself." If such be the case, at what
stage of civilization did it make its
first appearance? -
M. C.
Evolution is not now a disputed
theory in the world of science. There
are, 'tis true, various schools of evolutionists, but the thing itself' is no
longer in dispute. The law is acknowledged; all we differ on Is the details
concerning the working out of the law.
The old idea of things was an idea
and a conception of stability, of fixed
ness, of sameness. The idea ln brief
of "always was and always will be.
The present conception, based upon
scientific knowledge and not, as afore-
tlmes, upon mere introspective speculation, is of evolution, of change, of
Evolution is a satisfactory doctrine
to tbe revolutionist Nothing is
"sacred." Nothing is everlasting, save
and except it be tbe law of change
itself. Of the universe itself and of
the minutest part of the. universe we
may say with the philosopher that,
"Nothing is, everything ls becoming."
To the evolutionist the acceptance
of the Socialist philosophy and the
principles of scientific Socialism holds
no great difficulty. It merely involves
the recognition and acceptance as applying to human Institutions and activities of a universal law already
acknowledged and applied in other
The Socialist statement of the materialist conception of history ls not an
attempt tb "prove" evolution as applied to human institutions—that was
already acknowledged before its statement—but simply a conclusion based
upon facts, as to the dominating factor
in human life and therefore in the evolution of human institutions.
Down here ln New York we bave
converted quite a bunch of college men,
Heaps of them got their degrees
through studying nights while working
for a capitalist master by day. So
therefore tbey are of us, bone of our
bone, flesh of our flesh. But having
secured their diploma for Dr. of this
and Dr. of that, they turn around on
ub and say: "Of course, you can
never be like US, but be as like us as
you possibly can be." And then they
hold forth In solemn conclave assembled.. Here ls a cutting from a New
York paper that thinks it funny:
Sociologists are considering today
the following answers to the question
raised at a meeting of the Intercollegiate Socialists last night: "What
Alls the New York Boy?"
He Is fed on Impure milk, causing
60 per cent, more deaths than should
occur.—Wilbur C. Phillips of tha New
York Milk Committee.
He Isn't born right In tbe first place.
—Upton Sinclair.
He is starved while attending school.
—John Martin ot the Board of Education.
He works too much In sweatshops.—
MIbs Frances Perkins of the Consumers' League.
He suffers from unwise charity distributed through private organizations.
—Robert W, Ilruere.
Say, Mc, ls there anything mentioned about the cause of all this? Never
a word! Then, why put so much credit
to learning, when a half-baked pure
and simple wage plug could tell them
it was poverty, by the exploitation ot
the worker, was the cause of It all.
Put not your trust in princes.
Yours ln revolt,
"As a man soweth, so shall he reap.'
Very true, and he will have to do both
jobs for 17% cents in the dollar. While
his masters will get the 82% cents ln
the dollar without soiling their soft
hands by doing either the sowing or
the reaping.
Si      *      *
"Belief" implies doubt. Socialists
want nothing to do with it. "Science,"
which implies positive knowledge, Ib
the stronghold of the Socialists.
Science accomplishes where "belief"
and "faith" are still "waiting" and
"hoping" and "trusting" and "praying"
for results.
*   •   •
"Exercise" and work are by no
means synonomous terms, though apologists tor capitalism always endeavor to make it appear they are.
Need and oppression starveth in thy
Content and beggary bang upon thy
The world ls not thy friend nor the
, world's law."
So said Romeo to the poverty stricken apothecary, of Mantua. The poor
apothecary was in the depths of poverty, and yet was scared to sell poison
because lt was against the law.
The working class of today is composed of individuals that are as poor as
the apothecary and yet are scared to
embrace Socialism for fear of losing
The sooner the workers wake up to
the fact that they have nothing to lose
and everything to gain by the change
the sooner will they be ready for lt.
Tbey should bear in mind the words of
Karl Marx: "Workers of the world
unite, you have nothing but your chains
to lose, and you have a world to gain/'
A game-warden is a man who ls supposed to taue care of the political
game that is played ln his district. He
is usually chosen from a district that
is either a pt-rt Socialist or a strong
opposition district; and usually bas .
to know how lo trap musk-rats, as a
blind. His di'ty Is to get votes for
the party in power who pay for his
service out of the public treasury.
Sometimes he does not understand his
business and makes enemies of the
party in power by causing the arrest
of people who kill a deer or shoot a
grouse "out of season," And,—naturally, he gets let out.
• *   •
Reciprocity will go through all right'
It will not help the workers at all—
does not Intend to help them. But it
Ib one of those red herrings drawn
across their trail to catch the workers'
votes. Tbe manufacturers are against
it and tbe farmers and Other ignoramuses (greatly ln the majority) are
for it. Laurier Is losing the confidence
of the damphool electors, bo is throwing them some sop. However, labor
has got and will continue to get only
Its hay and stabling and overalls under
any kind of capitalist government.
• *   •
Oh! you working farmers! When
do you have a prosperous season?
When crops are good do you have good
times or do you have to work twice as
hard for half as much pay? When
crops are bad and you have nothing
to sell, can you then buy anything
cheaper because of your hard luck? Ot
course you can't. The law of supply
and demand generally (and in the
main, always) works against you, and
for the shirkers who live on you and
the other workers. Get wise you hayseeds, change the system by your vote
and your agitation—change lt to Socialism; then that accursed law will not
be your worst enemy as it ls now.
.   .   .
Laurier and Co. are between the
devil and the deep sea. If they materially lower tbe tariff, they will lose
the election cash support of the manufacturers, and If they don't, they will
lose their re-election. Watch them
juggle. They will probably lower the
duty on farm Implements and such
things as will help to make production
easier, and so enrich those who always get the cream of production, viz.,
the plutes. They will probably raise
the duty on household furniture, jewelry, buggies and anything that the
workers might need to make their own
lives happlor and brighter. Watch
• •   •
Smartness and quick reasoning are
very great helps to a Socialist, as be
can often get ln a good lick at the
old party jugglers right at the proper
time and on the spot. You can laugh
to Bee them try to sidetrack, and if you
persistently bawl them out they will
shun your burg in the future.
P. R.
*   *
List of sub-getters for the week:
8lngles:—John Nelson, Markervllle,
Alta.; R. B. Vogen, BIggar, Sask.; W.
Dingle, Edmonds, B. C.j F.   J.   Peel,
Toronto, Ont;  Mrs. Emma Fletcher,
Gibsons Landing. B. C; Colin Campbell, Courtenay, B. C; A. Parker, Ottawa, Ont; Meg. Merrilees. Winnipeg,
Man.;   J. Wesley, San. Francisco, Cal.
Bunlde of 100.
Lestor    16
Gribble  4
Budden     2


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