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Western Clarion Apr 13, 1912

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 WESTERN
I /NED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY Of CANADA
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS OP THE WORKING CLASS ALONE
NUMH 663
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 1912
Subscription Price ai   mg%
ll-K YEAR      $I.-B-U
THE
ASS STRUGGLE
IS HISTORY ITSELF
THE HOMESEEKERS HOPE
LIES IN SOCIALISM
By John II. McMahon.
The working class is in conflict with
the capitalist class and must overthrow it. When that ls done, class rule
for the first time in the world's history
will be abolished.
The class struggle ls waged on the
political and industrial field ln the
former by a political party and ln the
latter by the various trade unions.
The class struggle exists, Socialists
did not create it. They merely point It
out, and by so doing they hope to develop class consciousness.
In a sense it is not necessary to
teach class consciousness, as in the
' past all classes have become conscious
iu due time of their interest and purpose, and the same would be true of
the working class of today, but it
speeds progress to have a nearly understanding of the situation.
The class struggle operates like
gravitation, continuously and resist-
lessly like the movement of a glacier,
compared to which the avalanche is
an episode.
It is immediately concerned with
hours and wages, a division of the social product; it implies a final conflict
for complete supremacy by the workers.
A clear aim and a far seen purpose
distinguish the uprising working class
of today from all Its predecessors.
Socialism recognizes and admits
the existence of classes and demands
the abolition of the class struggle.
The class struggle Is the foremost
practical doctrine of Socialism. Those
who Join its political party must agree
to this belief and relinquish support of
all capitalist parties and swear allegiance to the working class Socialist
political party.
Class consciousness and a knowledge of the class struggle is the unshakable first principle of the Socialist
millions.
They demand that capitalism must
be overthrown, aud by the sheer
power of the working class Itself.
Neither charity nor compromise will
be heeded In the irreconcilable conflict.
The grand army of Socialism is and
must be composed of proletarians,
wage workers, massed workers of industry.
They are the chief sufferers, they
have the least to lose and the most to
gain by a change or revolution.
If intellectuals, professionals, landlords, small shop keepers and petty
capitalists join the ranks, they must
' keep step with the main and most important body, the wage workers.
"It is difficult to see the class struggle through the stained glass windows
of a cathedral or through the spec-
, tacles of a lawyer," said a Socialist
speaker, "but a man on the firing line
can see it quite easily."
Now, as a matter of history, the
class struggle constitutes the greatest
war in history. Its battlefields are
everywhere, Its combatants are all the
people.
The fight began in the dawn of civilization and is still fiercely raging,
1 having never ceasrd for a moment.
It is the longest war in history, it
is history Itself.
Four large dreadnoughts, eight
armored cruisers and a score of other
vessels constitute the new building
programme for the coming year, and,
Btrange to say, those vessels are to be
built not with the object of preserving
peace   or   promoting   friendship with
j other nations, but simply for the purpose of letting Germany understand
that she cannot outbuild Great Britain
i   ln the matter of warships.
If Germany orders a similar programme, that of Great Britain will be
doubled; if Germany reduces her pro-
; gramme Great Britain will follow
suit.
These are Winston Churchill's own
words.    Sounds pretty good.    No ne
; cesBlty to tell any lies about it, as the
wage plugB of Britain wlll back him
up until patriotism Is knocked out ol
them.
Some 5,000 men and women attended the recent Chicago, land show on
a single night and gazed on the exhibits with glistening eyes. The hunger for homes of their own was written on their faces.
What sort of people were they? Not
the hopeless poor of the tenements nor
recent foreign emigrants. For the most
part they were enterprising, industrious folk, in receipt of fair wages-
street car men, policemen, firemen,
clerks, bookkeepers and stenographers, office men generally.
There's a lesson in it. These people
realize that every passing day brings
them nearer to the dead line of forty-
five, when they will be retired in favor
of younger men and women; that they
can not possibly save enough from
their salaries to amass a compet nee
for their old age.
What lies beyond? The land, with its
promise of independence and comfort
in old age?
Why is it that such a vast growing
number of men, women and children
are to be found rotting in the cities?
It is either on account of the ever-
pressing struggle for existence or the
circumstance of birth which has set
them down in the rapidly growing city,
where the struggle ls cruelly savage
and continuous.
ThlB struggle for existence in modern civilization is known as the class
struggle and this struggle Is most intense and harshest in centers where
social action is concentrated.
The spirit of American independence has b en so strongly instilled in
the minds of all, that notwithstanding
the fact that unions are organized in
all large cltfes yet the non-union
worker is found to be in the majority.
The militant non-unionist is temper-
mentahy an individualist.
"Paddle your own canoe" is his slogan and belief.
But, unfortunately, he fails to recognize that the canoe is no longer a part
of our social life. This is the age of
Ltisitanias and Teutonics, giant leva-
thians, socially used and socially operated, which by their social power defy
nature's elements.
Successful independence at the expense of others is impossible for over
95 per cent, of the people today, and
consequently social dependence or aid
has become not only a virtue, but an
absolute necessity.
Opportunity is in reality gone forever. The old cry "Go west young man,
go west," no longer has any significance, as there is no west or south,
east or north, as far as equal opportunity is concerned.
The workers of today are absolutely
doomed as wage workers to an uncertain life as wage workers and also
renters.
The past has been explained. It is
gone forever The present is here and
demands recognition as well as explanation. Success in individual action is
not possible today in any part of civilized society, that is, whore machines
and machinery do the social work of
production and distribution and where
all the varied products of the world
are bought and sold.
Wherever such a condition of human society exists, wherever wages
are paid in return for human labor performed, there the labor market Is alive
with open competition, while the re-
constant ln price and quantity, and
suits of all social work is fixed and
the door of opportunity is forever
closed.—Dally Socialist.
A QUIET  MOB.
Propaganda   Meeting
THE ELECTRIC
THEATRE
Sunday, April 14,8 p.m.
Speaker:
J.W.Wilkinson
With thousands of others I stood
outside the Province office on Hast
ings street, when the returns from the
recent elections were coming In. Everything was as quiet as a funeral, not
a shout or a cheer or even a cat's call.
The operator flashed the news on the
screen something like this: "A clean
sweep for the Conservatives" (not a
cheer). "Bowsers lead the poll" (not
a yelp); "The solid five sweeps the
city", (still not a cheer). Again he
put on "Are you all Liberals why don't
you make a noise," "still nothing doing,
The only cheer that went up was when
the news came that a Socialist had
been elected.
This fact ls easily explained, for
while the voting strength of Vancouver is at least 26,000 the Conservatives
with all their organization, with all
their slush fund and unlimited gall
could only poll 5,000 votes or less than
one ln five of the electors of thlB riding. They polled all their vote, let us
poll air ours next time.
The Modernjuggernaut
(Leafllet Number Three)
Juggernaut, meaning "Lord of the World," was the name
applied to the Indian god Krishna. Three or four centuries
before Christ it was customary in India to erect huge wooden
images of this god, mounted on wheels, in front of which upon
festal occasions deluded worshipers threw themselves^ the
wheels passing over their bodies thus crushing the life out of'
them. It was thought that death by such means insured a seat
in heaven through all eternity to the deluded victims. It'is
needless to remark that such cruel and barbarous proceedings
could not have been indulged in were it not for the superstition and ignorance of the wretched victims themselves. So
long as such superstition and ignorance held sway in the
human mind it was possible to continue this ridiculous and
suicidal practice.
Happily, however, this cruel practice has long since been
abandoned. No longer eaa human beings be found so bereft
of reason as to sacrifice themselves upon such an altar of folly.
This by no means proves, however, that superstition and
ignorance have entirely vanished from the' human mind. They
still exist, although in perhaps a lesser degree, as anything
like a careful observation of current phenomena will disclose.
The god Krishna no longer holds dominion over the world,
it .is true, but another has arisen to take his place, equally
cruel and monstrous, and the reign of this later god is sustained and made possible only through the superstition and
ignorance of the victims immolated upon its altar. That god
is Capital. Its dominion over the world is more complete than
was that of the ancient Juggernaut, Krishna, for it embraces
all people, of whatever country, while that of the latter was
confined more particularly to the southern Asiatic countries
alone. As its dominion is of greater area and extends over a
vastly larger population it follows that its victims far exceed
in numbers that of its ancient predecessor. That the rein of
Capital is more absolute than was that of Krishna is readily
seen from the fact that every one of its subjects must submit
to being crushed beneath its merciless wheels, whether or no.
To assert that the entire working class must, and does,
throw itself beneath the wheels of this modern Juggernaut
is true in a figurative sense only. The plain fact of the case is
that every worker must sacrifice himself to this merciless monster by offering himself body and soul as food for the mills of
Capitalist production. Here the bodies of men, women and
children are converted into the rich profits by the absorption
nnd assimilation of which the disgusting and filthy carcase of
this vulgar god attains to ever larger and more disgusting
proportions.
The greater the bulk of this.delectable monster, the more
voracious its appetite and the more cruel and merciless it becomes in its efforts to satisfy it. The greater the number of its
victims and the larger the volume of juicy profits ground from
their bodies, the more vigorous and insatiable becomes the
appetite of this inhuman and monstrous modern Juggernaut.
Everybody must bow down in reverence to the god, Capital, and obey its every decree. Nations tremble at its power
and individuals are deprived of the right to exist unless they
can still contribute the sweet juice of profit for the* delectation
of Oapital. When their bone and flesh will no longer afford
the sweet incense so pleasing to the Capitalist nostrils this gotl
no longer looks with favor upon them, they are cast out from
bis presence, their sacrifice has become complete. They can
only escape further miseries by "shuffling off this mortal coil."
While the ancient Juggernaut promised a heavenly pasture
through all eternity for its victims as a rewnrd for their sacrifice of life beneath its wheels, the modern Juggernaut. Capital,
commands its victims to perish beneath its wheels in this life
ami the devil take Ihem in the next. The command must be
obeyed or life be forfeited by swift torture. If the command
be obeyed the same result is reached by a torture somewhat
more prolonged. Under the reign of the ancient Juggernaut
the' sacrifice of the victim was voluntary upon his part. If
possessed of a modicum of sense he could refrain from throwing himself beneath its cruel wheels. Under the reign of the
modern Juggernaut none can escape the sacrifice other than
they who are in a position to avoid the ignominy of labor.
The beneficiaries of this modern god constitute the Capi-
list elass, its victims the working class. The former are few in
numbers, the latter are many. Were it not for the blind superstition and silly ignorance of the workers this modern Juggernaut would soon be relegatetl to that lumber room of oblivion
that long since swallowed up the horrid god contrivance of
ancient India.
May that superstition and ignorance be swiftly removed
and the light of reason illumine the dark recesses of the human
mind to the end that sacrificial folly may cease and the way
cleared for an enlightened civilization based upon the common
purpose to safeguard antl rentier secure and happy the existence of every individual comprising the great human family.
The time for the abrogation of the modern Juggernaut is at
hand. The hour for a new social and industrial dispensation
rapidly approaches.
THE   CHANGING   ORDER,
Since the advent of civilization, the
outgrowth of property has been so
immense, its forms so diversified, its
uses so expanding and its management so intelligent in the interests
of its owners, that it has become on
the part of the people an unmanageable power. The human mind stands
bewildered in the presence of its own
creation. The time will come, nevertheless, when human intelligence will
rise to the mastery over property, and
define the relations of the state to
the property it protects, as well as the
obligations and the limits of the rights
of its owners. The interests of society
are paramount to Individual interests,
and the two must be brought into
just and harmonious relations. A
mere property career is not the final
destiny of mankind, if progress is to
be the law of the future as it has been
of the past. The time which has passed away since civilization began is
but a fragment of the ages yet to
come.   The dissolution of society bids
fair to become the termination of a
career of which property is the end
and aim; because such a career contains the elements of self-distinction.
Democracy In government, brotherhood
in society, equality ln rights and dutle3
foreshadow the next higher plane of
society to which experience, Intelligence and knowledge are steadily
tending. It will he a revival, ln a
higher form, of the liberty, equality
and fraternity of the ancient gentes
LEWIS MORGAN, In Ancient Society.
SOCIALISTS    OF    DENMARK    WIN.
A BUGBEAR USED TO
FRIGHTEN THE TIMID
A bugbear often used to frighten the
unwary into a prejudiced frame of
mind against the Socialist movement
is that of confiscation. While this
might have Its effect upon some one
who had property to lose in case confiscation became the order of the day,
it is difficult to understand why the
practically propertyless wage-slave
should be disturbed by such a cry.
The size of the matter is that the
Socialist is emphatically opposed to
confiscation. He asserts, and with
truth, that the present system of property is based upon the confiscation ot
the wealth produced by the working
class. Its purpose being to bring profit to its owners—the Capitalists—it
cannot arrive at this result without
confiscating the products of Labor.
Profit does not grow on bushes, nor
yet does it fall down from heaven as
manna is said to have fallen upon the
wandering Jews in the wilderness. It
is measured in the material things of
life that have been carried into commodities by the toil and sweat of an
enslaved Working Class. These things,
this wealth, can only come into possession of the masters—the Capitalists—by being confiscated, i.e., stolen
or swiped, from the workers. That Ib
the process carried out from day to
day under the Capitalist industrial regime. Remove from it the power of
confiscation and this precious regime
eomes abruptly to an end.
When the Working Class assumes
control of industry in its own behalf
the reign of confiscation ends. Industry will then be carried on for the sole
purpose of supplying the workers and
their families with the things requisite
to their comfort and well-being.
No worker need be disturbed over
the accusation of confiscation hurled at
the advocates of Socialism. It is only
a repetition of the real culprits' cry of
"Stop, thief."
WHAT THE CAPITALISTS
WOULD DO FOR HUMANITY
SOCIALISM WON'T WORK.
Under the rule of capital the tools
of production have grown so powerful
that they can, at most, be used hut a
part of the time, for the reason that
the wages of the slaves can purchase
but a small portion of the output.
Though they are a gluttonous and
extravagant lot of useless brlc-a.brac,
the capitalists cannot consume the
balance. Consequently a considerable
portion of industry must shut down.
Everything goes on the "bum," as the
Baying ls. The critics of Socialism
get busy showing up Its impracticability and explaining how "it wouldn't
work." And a lot of wage-slaves alt
up on their hindquarters like prairie
dogs and bark in unison against the
threatened application to the life of
the nation of a principle of property
that "would not work." And when
their bellies ache with longing for the
grub that seldom comes they never
seem to realize that pain Is the result
of the continued application of a principle of property that never did and
never can work out to the satisfaction
of human needs. No, not even ua far
as the actual necessaries of life are
concerned, let alone anything beyond
that.
The Socialist philosophy should be
shunned as a pestilence. It stands to
reason that all people would immediately starve to death If they had
unrestricted access to the means of
production, for the purpose of satisfying their hunger. Let us stick to good
old capitalism under whose beneficent
sway fully half or possibly two.thlrds
of us don't get anything particularly
worse than semi-starvation. Let us|
refrain from Innovations and experiments. Let us cling tenaciously to
what we have been used to for centuries, even though we average noti
more than one meal every three days,
rather than follow false gods Into the
wilderness of Impracticability and dls-|
aster. The scant meal a week under
capitalism Is better than a bellyful
frequent-like under a system that
wouldn't work.
We have a social organization, a
machine which is so badly constructed
that lt turns out yearly thousands of
physically unfit human creatures. Seeing this, all our wise racial improvers
say, "Let us segregate these unfortunate products of our social organization, let us prevent them from becoming parents, and in a few generations
the race will improve and all will be
well."
What a beautiful theory for those
experts who delight in planning and
ordering the lives of the "lower
classes."
How nice for those on top, for those
who live without working. How nice
for those who derive their income out
of the energy of others and whose
ease is built upon the blood and sweat
and tears of the tolling many. How
it must comfort them to think that
they can in such a way get rid of the
foul blot on the escutcheon of the system which provides them luxuriance
and leisure.
But that any such playing with the
problem of unfitness, with all its ugliness and horror should command serious attention ls incomprehensible.
For the real remedy Ib so clearly obvious.
The social organization is based upon private property owned and controlled for private gain; Men, women
and children are therefore regarded by
the owners and controllers of property
as so many tools and instruments to
be used in the sacred business ot
profit-making. Working people live in
a world owned by others—
"Where fast and faster, their Iron
master,
The   thing   they   made,   forever
drives,
Bids them grind treasure and fashion pleasure.
For other hopes and other lives.
Being constructed upon the principle of profit before all else the social
machine inevitably produces men,
women and children who are, judged
by any decent standard, unfit.
Who is to blame? The poor wrecks
themselves, the "gold crushed hungry
hell," or the machine which makes
them?—The New World.
THE PROBLEM.
Copenhagen, Denmark, March 29.—
Tho Socialists in the recent municipal
election here captured twenty-one
seats ln the municipal council. The
Conservative parlies captured sixteen
seats the Radical party four, and the
"Christians" ono seat.
The total vote of the Socialists was
50,473, which Is close to 50 per cent, of
the total vote cast. The Conservatives
mustered 39,020 votes, the Radicals
10,218 and tbe Christians, 2,400.
It ls time that lhe B, C. election
act was either amended or wiped out
altogether.
It works out so well that it has gradually disfranchised the electors of B,
C, until now only a few Conservatives
remain on the list. At each succeeding election less votes are polled than
before and while the plutes arc loudly
shouting "Rule Brlttannla" and talklr.g
about "Our Glorious Empire" the people of I). 0. arc being gradually de
prived of their citizenship. The only
people who are Interested In holding
on to tho ballot as long as possible
Ib the working class, so Its up to them
to get busy right now.
The capitalist class has become a
nuisance. It never was useful in any
proper sense of the word. It is now
not even ornamental. Wallowing in
wealth stolen from labor, the position
of the capitalist in hitman society is
strongly suggestive of a hog In the
trough. He ls neither good to look at,
good for the trough, nor good for the
rest of the pigs who are kept from
their feed by his vulgar bulk.
The problem is to get rid of the
capitalists and their thieves' game of
profit-making. This can only be done
by the workers mobilizing their power
for the purpose of wresting from capital its control of the political and
economic power. The State, the Instrument whereby the capitalist class
enforces Its regime of rapine and robbery against the working class, muBt
be seized by the workers and its
powers used for their deliverance from
capitalist bondage. The means of
production must he converted from
capital Into the collective property of
the working people, so that they may
utilize them for the comfort and bus.
tenance of themselves and those dependent upon thorn. In the conquest
of the public powers by the revolutionary working class lies the solution
of the problem. With that, point of
vantage gained the garb of capital
will be stripped from the means ot
production and the control of economic power placed where It properly
belongs, in the hands ot the only
useful portion of human society, the
working class.
It ls up to the workers to solve the
problem. And why should they not
solve It? They have nothing to lose
but their chains; they have a world
to gain. The sooner they solve tho
problem, the sooner wlll they gain
that world.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, APRIL 13TH, 1912.
1 WESTERN CLARION
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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SATURDAY, APRIL 13TH, 1912.
FREEDOM   BY   PURCHASE.
A lot ot senseless chatter is being
Indulged in these days about government ownership as a panacea for the
various ills that afflict human society
because of the capitalist control of
Indutsry. Many there are who are
childish enough to believe that government ownership of railways, telegraphs and other parts of the industrial
machinery of the times, would mean
something different from the present,
or capitalist ownership thereof. In
order to make this clear, however, will
require something more than mere assertion.
Government, as an institution, is a
thing unthinkable unless there is a
class or an individual to govern and
a class to be governed. Such being
the case it matters little whether the
control of industry remains directly
in the hands of the capitalists as at
present, or is transferred to ihe hands
of its instrument, the State, or Government. The power to command the
Industrial activities of the workers
still remains as a property right in
possession of the Capitalist class. The
same ruthless exploitation of labor
must inevitably ensue. If any change
could be discovered in the status of
the* enslaved workers, under government ownership, It could only be for
the worse, by virtue of the fact that
to rebel against the exactions of the
State may easily be interpreted as a
treasonable act and punishment be
meted out, that the worker at present
may escape for the reason that rebel
Uon against his employer is not rebellion against the State.
What Is this ownership that is to
be transferred, by purchase or otherwise, from the Capitalists to the
State? The reply will be that it is the
ownership of property, say for instance, railways. Inasmuch as such
property possesses, or at least is supposed to possess, value, after such
transfer is effected it will still carry
such value. Presumably, according to
our government ownership chatterers,
the transfer will be made upon the
basis of such value. That is, these
properties will be bought and paid
for at their value. Such being the
case it is well to determine where
the value really lies In order that
even the chatterers themselves may
know what is to be bought and sold.
It ought not to be difficult to grasp
the fact that resources of the earth,
factories, mines, railways, etc., of
themselves possess no value, as expressed in terms of exchange. They
may possess a use value to those who
have access to them, but no exchange
value. To possess exchange value they
must either possess the power to create wealth, or be so utilized, or manipulated, as to become the means of
commanding the production of wealth,
on behalf of he, or they, who claim
ownership.
As these means of production possess no power to create wealth, and,
therefore, bring profit to the owners,
and yet profit does accrue to such
owners, apparently by virtue of their
property rights we shall be forced to
seek elsewhere for the source of such
profit. Once the source of such profit
ls located we shall have discovered
from whence comes all exchange value
and what ls to be really transferred
from the present owners to the hands
of government ln case the latter
Bhould acquire ownership of the railways, or any other property now held
by individual Capitalists or Capitalist
concerns.
Labor Is the only power that can
convert the resources of the earth Into
form suitable for human use. It ls the
creator, therefore, of all exchange
value. It alone produces the wealth
of the world as expressed ln terms of
exchange. It ls, therefore, the only
thing by control of which the owners
of property can realize upon their ownership in the form profit. As the workers must have access to the means of
production in order to obtain the necessaries of life, and these means of
production are held as the property of
others, they become the instrument
whereby the owners are enabled to
command   the  labor  of  the  workers
and secure to themselves the product
thereof.
It appears at flrst glance as If the
means of production possess, of themselves, exchange value, because the
revenue accruing to the owners appears to come directly from that
source. When it Is seen that labor
is the source of such revenue and
that the tools and implements of production are merely a part of the labor
process, it should be readily understood that labor is alone the value
producing power and therefore, the
only real value that is transferred
from hand to hand in the world's
market.
If tho railway system of, say the
United States Is worth ten billion dollars it is worth that much because It
is a means of commanding a sufficient
number of workmen to produce, in the
work of transportation, a value in excess of their own keep (wages) equivalent to the normal rate of profit upon
the sum of ten billion dollars.
Of itself this railway system produces nothing. It can produce nothing. As a means of commanding the
activities of an army of workmen it
becomes a means of stupendous enrichment for its owners. It makes
them the owners of an army of slaves
exceedingly powerful in the production of wealth.
The sole virtue of capitalist property lies in its power lo command the
services of workingmen in the processes of production. That the master
could command the services of his
slaves and reap the fruits of their
labor was all there ever was to human
slavery. That is even more completely
accomplished now than ever before.
In that lies the chief superiority of
Capitalism over the slave systems that
have gone before.
When Capitalist property changes
hands, as a rule, the money consideration is equivalent to the actual
worth of the slaves under Its command as a revenue producing asset.
In fact, the sale of a railway, factory,
shop, or any other part of the industrial plant, is a sale of the slaves necessary to the carrying on of its operations. In the last analysis the world's
buying and selling is only a traffic in
human flesh.
If Government acquires ownership
of a railway, or other capitalist property, it becomes the owner of such
force of workingmen as are necessary
to operate it. Just what advantage
this would be to the workers has not
yet been explained by those who so
glibly advocate such policy. Prom the
capitalist standpoint government ownership should prove attractive as it
would shift the hazard of industry
onto the governmental machine and
free the Individual capitalists and con
cerns from the annoyance of dealing
with striking and obstreperous work
men while at the same time rendering
their investments safe and their
profits secure.
To proclaim government ownership
as Socialism however, is rank nonsense.
The triumph of the revolutionary
proletariat means something entirely
different than government ownership.
It means the wiping out of Capitalist property rights and the setting
up of production carried on by free
men for the common good. The revolutionary proletariat knows better
than to attempt to obtain freedom by
purchase or any other subterfuge,
This is equivalent to working for
nothing and boarding himself.
The profits, as well as the living
expenses of the master also come from
the same source, i.e., the slaves' labor.
This represents what the slave pays
for the privilege of working for nothing and boarding himself.
The masters are few; the slaves
many.
The former could not retain their
soft snap without the latters consent.
Periodically the slaves have an opportunity to legally withdraw their consent.
This is termed an election of public
officials.
Most of the slaves refuse at such
times to withdraw their consent. They
seem to be emminontly satisfied to
continue working for nothing and
boarding themselves, In fact they apparently enjoy paying through the nose
for the proud privilege.
The masters are equally satisfied
that they should.
This plainly shows the Identity of
interest between Capital and labor,
master and slave.
The satisfied slave is just merely an
ass with hind legs only.
As the four-leggeil ass is not altogether willing to pack his load, this
explanation is due in the way of an
apology.
He is hereby assured lhat in dubbing the satisfied slave an "ass with
hind legs only," no insult was intended.
It requires something more than his
unsufferable ignorance to hold the
four-legged ass to his task.
It requires a harness or a pack saddle, both of which he will escape if
he can.
All of this is greatly to his credit.
But the ass with hind legs only —
 (font run out).
KNOWLEDGE  VS.  SENTIMENT.
FACTS   AND   APOLOGY.
It is often remarked that Socialist
sentiment is widespread through the
land. Very likely this is true. But
the end of Capitalist rule will not
come because of Socialist sentiment,
unless this sentiment is based upon
such a knowledge of the mechanism of
Capitalist production as well enable
the working class to so direct its efforts as to usher in the next succeeding order, without bringing about the
total collapse of the Industrial structure of modern civilization. In fact
it can be brought about in no other
way.
Were a vast mob to suddenly become enthused with Socialist sentiment to the point of taking drastic
action to bring the rule of Capital to
an end, the desired result cpuld be
accomplished only at the cost of such
a complete disruption of the social organism as would at least seriously
threaten the annihilation of those
grand industrial achievements of the
ages that have lifted mankind from
savagery to civilization.
Sentiment is well enough, provided
it springs from a knowledge of the
task in hand and all of the factors and
forces bearing upon it. Such knowledge alone' is the helm that holds the
revolutipnary craft head on to the
storm, thus avoiding the rocks and
reefs of reform, reaction and defeat.
Without that she will drift stern
foremost and helpless with every crosscurrent and her crew be more than
likely to Jump overboard at the flfst
sign of the coming storm, in the vain
hope that they may escape its terrors.
SOCIALISM—INDIVIDUALISM.
Under the present system of property Industry is carried on solely for
the purpose of bringing profit to the
capitalist class.
Profit is merely the getting of something for nothing.
In order that one person or persons,
may get something for nothing another
person or persons must get nothing
for something.
This Is self-evident.
The profits accruing to Ihe masters
of wealth production, the Capitalists,
are measured ln the material things
produced by those whose labor carries
on the Industrial process.
Into Ihese material things ls coined
the very lives of Ihe laborers.
They produce the wealth; their masters, the Capitalists take it.
That ls how the latter obtain their
sacred profits from which they wax
sleek, fat and rotund in appearance
and great In pomposity and power.
What the Capitalists get cost them
nothing; the laborers pay the bill.
A similar happy arrangement once
existed between the chattel slave and
his master.
Later on it was the same between
feudal lord and serf.
Now it is the Capitalist and the
wage-slave.
The Capitalist is master; the worker a slave.
The former Is the legitimate successor to the chattel slave master and the
feudal lord; the latter to the chattel
slave and serf.
The modern slave gets his wages
which are equivalent to the cost of
his keep while he workB.
When he has no job, I.e., master,
he gets nothing.
His wages are paid out of Ihe proceeds of the sale of the product of his
own labor, therefore, he pays his own
wages.
CenBus returns for Edinburgh show
that 18,608 persons, or 6.1 per cent.,
live in one-roomed houses; 94,909, or
31.1 per cent., in two-roomed houses;
69,686, or 22.8 per cent., in three-roomed houses; 45,820, or 15 per cent., In
four-roomed houses ;and 76,266, or 25
per cent., in five-rooms or more. This
shows that half the people live in hovels under worse conditions than the
savage cave-men. No wonder we are
all so proud of "Auld Reekie." The
Government expenditure on the Royal
Scottish Museum seems to me to be
needless, as Hdlna Itself Is, by the
above facts alone, shown to be a good
enough museum. But these facts are
aggravated when -ve consider thf stale
of crowding per room—the real test,
alter all, If we had the sizes of the
rooms. It appears, then, that 99,824,
' or 32.7 per cent., live more than two
in a room; 38,973, or 12,8 per cent.,
more than three in a room; 12,609, or
4.1 per cent., more than four in a room.
Does the Rev. Barry, Mallock, or Prof.
Jones wish this to continue? If not,
they must take sides with Socialism in
(he class war. Next week I may tackle
the Temperance Bill, if coal dust or
political dust does not drive me to
drink.
GAEL, in Justice.
If Socialism stands for one thing
more than another it stands for INDIVIDUALITY. We seek no reduction
to a uniform level of physical measurement, of height, chest capacity , or
muscular vigor; we do not expect that
all our Intellectual powers shall be
of the same order in kind or in degree; that our education shall be
along the same lines; that our various
opinions and beliefs must be forced
Into concurrence.
THAT is and has been the outcome
of INDIVIDUALISM. To all appearance It has been the aim, as expressed
by our codes of education for elementary schools, to Instruct all pupils in
exactly the same subjects and to the
same extent; to drill them Into ono
style of writing, of reading, and of doing a few sums, entirely irrespective of
the aptitude of the individual children
themselves, Instead of education we
iii.d Instruction ;training gave place to
dogmatics.
Children under our individualistic
system have been treated as if they
had no individuality whatever. It was
implied in our educational scheme that
what one child can do all children can
do. The child-mind was regarded as a
blank sheet of paper on which might
be inscribed whatever one pleased.
Tour'individualistic stale sets about
declaring what all children should be,
and sets about making them so—to its
discomfiture.
But even now classes of pupils numbering sixty to eighty are taught en
masse; a class of fifty is regarded aa a
small one.
What possible individuality can be
encouraged and developed in any child
by even the most capable and sympathetic teacher?
In our science and technical evening
schools we have courses of instruction
on the same linos. Ill prepared In the
day schools, the pupils are unable to
derive the full benefit of their opportunities. They have nol, learned to be
students. Their day school teachers
have supplied both mind and textbook, with the result that when a
book of study is put into the hands of
the average evening student he does
not know how to use it.
The evening pupils are handicapped,
too, in coming to their study tired in
mind and body after a full day's work
These facts are slowly being recognized by educational authorities, and
there are signs of improvement.
All this, however, is not the gravest
thing that can be said about the matter. The painful fact is that the aim
of education has been forgotten, and
that the whole purpose of our schools
appears to be the erection of more efficient tools for the workshop and the
office. There is the hope in the student that his technical knowledge will
be of advantage in competition for
employment or for promotion, and
that his wages will be greater.
The latter hope Is certain to disappointment; and if it were realized
der these conditions learning is a
might not be worth (lie strain—for tin-
strain, it ceases to give pleasure, it is
not self-development, but is instead a
fevered striving for individual material
benefit at the expense of individuality.
So in our workshops. How mechanical, monotonous and wearing the routine becomes when one has to attend
to the same small duty throughout the
whole working day! Unremitting at
tention to a machine—the real worker
—has reduced the mill hand to a mere
adjunct of machinery. There can be
no sort of pretence that for the masses of the people modern factory life, or
clerical work, makes for a strengthening and development of individuality
in the worker.
Dogmatism in religion and social
custom also discourages individuality
ln thought and conduct. From our bel
llefs to our wearing apparel, we are
slaves to rule.
Monotony In education, in religion,
in life, Is the outcome of individualism,
and will disappear only with the
achievement of Socialism and the consequent development of individuality.
We reulre that every several man
shall have what is now denied him,—a
full and free development of the body
and mind he is born with, shall be
alert and active ln both, stunted
neither physically or mentally. We
aspire to no dead level, which, were it
possible, would efface all picturesque-
ness from life. We ask equality of opportunity for all, because we want
each and every man and woman to be
in the true sense an INDIVIDUAL.—
Laurence Small.
Socialist   Party  Directory
Mimnra executive committee
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second and fourth Monday. Secretary,
te. T. Klngsley, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St.,  Vancouver, B.  C.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays ln month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St. B, T. Klngsley, Secretary.
ALBEBTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 4211 Eighth
Ave. ICast. Frank Danby, secretary,
llox 647, Calgary.
MANITOBA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card la inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested ln the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretury, J. U. Houston, 498 Furby
St..   Winnipeg.
MARITIME PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee. Suclallst Party of Canada,
meets every second ond fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace any,
N. S. Dan CooSrano, Secretary, yiox
491, Glace Bay, I>*. S.
LOCAI. VANCOUVEB, NO. 69, S. P. of C.
Headquarters, llimm 206 Labor Temple.
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every Und and -Mi Friday in the month,
Reading room open every day. Socialist und Labor papers or all countries
on file.    Secretary, s. Lefeaux.
LOCAI,   OREENWOOD,   B.   C,    NO.    9,
S. P. ot O., meets every Sunday evening at MinerB' Unlen Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
LOCAL    FERNIE,   S.   P.   of   C,    HOLD
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., every Sunday evening at 7;3h. Business meeting first Sunday in each month, Miners' Hall at 2:30. W. L. Phillips, Secretary, Box S04.
LOOAL ROSSLAND, NO. 28, B. P. ef C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secretary, P.O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets ln FInlandcrs' Hall, Sundays at
7:80 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O
Box 54, Rossland.
LOOAX.   MICKBL,  B.   O.,   NO.   IS,   ■.   T.
ot C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afterncon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ts
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of ua to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs*
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. In the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
Secretary.
LOOAL   NELSON,   S.   P.   of   C,  MEETS
every 1'rlday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin,  Secretary.
LOCAL PRINCE RUPERT, B. C, No. S3,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday In
hail in Empress Tlieatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    L.  H* Gorham.  Secretary.
LOCAL  REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,   NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F, Gayman, Secretary	
LOCALS ANDOnT bTcT NO. 36, STp. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m,
in the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
Local  Vancouvor,   S.  P.  of C. No.  58—
Lettlch meets every first Sunday in
the month, at 512 Cordova St. E.
Secretary,  Ad.   Kreeka. 602
LOOAL SOUTH FORT QBOBQB, B.C.,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Organizer.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB No 1, S. P. of O	
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 172i
Alberni St.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     I.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evening*
following propaganda meetings at 8.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alfa.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, llox IS,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W". Graham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.," NO.  1,  ■•
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meeting*
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally,
Secretury, A. Farmilo, 622 First St.;
Organizer,   W*.   Stephenson.
LOCAL  CALGARY, ALTA.,  NO.  4,  S. P.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at S o'clock at tlie headquurters. 429 Eighth Ave. East, between Tilled und Fourth streets. F.
Tipping, Secretary.
LOCAL REGINA NO. B, SASK., MEETS
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, 8
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary,  1909 Garnet St., P.O._Box 10'».
LOCAL BRANDON, MAN., NO. 7, S. T.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at i
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalieu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
LOCAL LETHBBIDOE, ALTA., NO.   It,
S. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays ln the month, at 4 p.m., Ix
Miners* Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock,  Box  19S3.
LOCAL MOOSEJAW, SASK., Ne. 1, 81. P.
OF O.—Propaganda meetings *v*rr
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. 0„ Sask.; A. Stewart. Organlier,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slav«s welcome.
LOOAL No. 1, WINNIPEG, MANITOBA,
B. P. OF C— Headquarters 828 U Mali-
Street, Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business ineetlng every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic clan*
Wednesdays, at S p. m. Secretary'*
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evenlns
In Dreamland Theatre. Main Street, at
8  o'clock.    Discussion  invited.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  NO.  8,  S. P.  of C	
Business meetings Ihe tlrst Sunday in
the month nt 3 o'clock p.m. at headquarters. Secretury, Sam Horwlth.
Headquarters, 36 1-2 Hldeau Street.
Phone 277. Address, 322 Gladstone
Ave.
LOCAL VICTORIA NO. 2, S. P. of C—
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Hoom 2, over Coins-
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
Theatre.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   B.    C,    NO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 2237
Main Street-    Secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
LOCAL CUMBERLAND NO. 70S. P. of C.
Business meeting every Sunday. 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), K p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: socialist Hull, opposite
post offlce. Financial Secretury Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary.
Joseph Xuylor.
LOCAL GLACE BAY, No. 1 OF MARITIME—Headquarters in rtukasin
Mlock, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business nnd propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Tliursduy at s p. m. Alfred Xitsh. secretary,
llox   158;   Harold   G.   Boss,   organizer.
Box nor,.
LOCAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—-Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 in the S. O. B. T. Hall hack
of Town Hnll. Wil'lam Allen, Secretary,  Box 344.
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, ls organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukralnenn workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnistlno Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to J.  Senuk, Fin, Secretary.
Because, lending ear to the fallacious words of the economists, the
proletarians have given themselves up
body and soul to the vice of work,
they precipitate the whole of society
into these Industrial crises of overproduction which convulse the social
organism. Then because there is a
plethora of merchandise and a dearth
of purchasers, the shops are closed
and hunger scourges the workingclass
with its whip of a thousand lashes.—
From "The Right To Be Lazy," by
Paul Lafargue.
Capitalism must have its armies of
hired assassins to protect the property
and interest of the capitalist class.
The cause of war always surround the
sectional interests of the capitalist
class in which the working class have
no concern.
PRICE  LIST OF  8UPPLIES.
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) 3)5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform   and   application   blank
per 100   25
Ditto In  Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto in  Ukranlan, per 100       .50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of th* re-
'■tlutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of tha
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker •
slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession ef the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose, of setting up and enforcing 'the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property fit the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of tho working class and aid tha workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Fart yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone. SATURDAY, APRIL 13TH, 1912.
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA
CORRESPONDENCE
■JOMINION   EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE,
Meeting of April 8, 1912.
Present: Karme, Anderson, Mengel and the Secretary.
Karme ln the chair.
Applications for charters from Barons, Alta., and Diamond, Alta., were
received through the Alberta Provincial Executive Committee. The charters were granted.
A communication from F. Bostrom,
State Secretary of the S. P. of Washington relating to the organization of
Japanese, Chinese and Hindus was
received and the matter laid over until
next meeting of the committee.
Communications were also received
from the Secretary of the Manitoba
Provincial Executive Committee, and
from W. Green of Toronto relating to
party affairs and progress in their respective localities.
Financial report showing receipts
for March of $54.50 and expenditures
$185.39 was approved.
The. Secretary was instructed to
state that, the apparent shortage for
the month was largely due to the fact
that a large number of copies of the
^campaign Issue of tho Western Clarion as well as some thousands of leaflets have been sent out to Locals, the
eturns from which have not yet come
»".
Adjourned.
E   .T.   KINGSLEY,
Secretary.
C. M. O'Brien, Organizer, Alta 5
A. E. Tipper, City  4
[M. Lightstone, Calgary, Alta 4
K. Johnson, Montreal, Que 4
J. Watson, Winnipeg, Man 3
W. Green, Toronto, Ont 3
A. Taylor, Toronto, Ont 2
A. Stewart, Moosejaw, Sask 2
Jim Thomson, Medicine Hat, Alta 2
Wm, McQuold, Edmonton, Alta 2
J. C. Turner, Pernie, B. C 2
8INGLES.
W. B. Durham, Glengarden, Alta,;
Thos. Poulstoti, Eyebrow, Sask.; L.
A. Benson, Dickson, Alta.; W. K.
Bryce, Demalne; Tom Ofsthum, Broad-
waj Centre, Alia.; P. Cartwright, E.
Wellington, B. C ; Ed. Donohue, Cedar-
valo; 0, C.i J. Salisbury, N. Pender
Island, B. C; R. L. Head, City; W.
W. Lefleaux, City; P. E. Geer, Bachelor, N. D.i J. P. Scott, Victoria; H.
I Baker, Winnipeg; P. Mallinson, Winnipeg; J. M. Brandon; Jas. Kosin, Port
Arthur; 11. N. Coursier, Revelstoke;
A. H. Browning, Medicine Hat; W. L.
Bartlett, Whonnock, B. C; W. Minton,
Pernie; A. Ruis, Gibsons Landing; P.
Tipping, Calgary; L. Lilleman, Enderby, B ,C.| Wm. Davidson, New Denver; A. L. Julian, Michel.
'-.NCOUV'iRITES   ATTENTION.
PROVINCIAL  EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
Meeting of April 8, 1912.
Present, Karme, Anderson, Mengel
ind the Secretary.
Karme In the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
md approved.
A communication was received from
. A. McDonald, Sec'y, of Local Van-
ouver No. 1, informing the Commit-
ee that, said local had organized a
"ranch Local in North Vancouver,
the Secretary was instructed to notify
jocal Vancouver No. 1; that in no
ase could I ho authority of a Local be
llowed to extend beyond the confines
f its own Provincial electoral district,
lee. 2 of Art. II of the constitution
irovides for the organization of
ranches, by a Local, "within its own
iding" the approval of the Provincial
xecutive Committee having been first
btained. Under no other circum-
tances would Branch Locals be per-
isslble.   As North Vancouver is not
part of the Provincial electoral District of Vancouver City, Local  No. 1
Winnipeg gets a few over Edmon
ton this week. Toronto also goes
ahead. North Battleford makes an
attempt to reach the top. Another
bunch of leaflets are now ready at
$1.60 per 1,000. We can supply you
with 50 up.    Now do your worst.
Vancouver,  B.   C  1
Victoria,   B.   C  2
Calgary,  Alta     3
Winnipeg, Man 4
Edmonton, Alta 5
Toronto, Ont 6
Brandon, Man 7
Fernie, B. C  8
Moose Jaw, Sask 9
Montreal, Quebec     10
New Westminster, B. C   11
Cumberland, B.  C   12
Nelson, B. C   13
South Fort George, B. C 14
bilverton,  B.  C 15
N. Battleford, Sask,  16
Ottawa,  Ont 17
Reglna, Sask 18
Glace Bay, N. S 19
South Hill, Sask 20
Send in for mailing list and rustle
up the expiring subs.
Headquarters of Local Vancouver
No. 69 will be opened up in a short
time on the flrst floor of New Labor
Temple room No. 206. A large well
lighted reading room supplied with
Socialist and Labor papers from all
parts of the world, will be open to the
public all the week. Business meetings of the local wlll be held every
second and fourth Fridays in the
month at 8 P. M. Distribution of leaflets takes place every Sunday morning
commencing at 9 a. m„ any comrade
wishing to take part therein can report there at 9 a. in. A propaganda
meeting ls held every Sunday, 8 p,
m., at Electric Theatre.
PAGE THREE
"LIBERTY"  IN   BRITAIN.
ALEXANDRA
(ALTA.)
FUND.
CAMPAIGN
POR SALE CHEAP—The Liberal
lumber business comprising several
hundred planks several dozen political
machines. Thousands of speeches,
several tanks of hot air, and a beautiful picture of Ralph Smith, the Liberals last hope otherwise known as a
friend of labor. Apply G. Finishem,
Undertaker.
* *   *
G. H. Lockwood, Editor of the
"Prophet and the Ass" and Van Bal-
arcum have been elected as Aldermen on the Socialist ticket in Kalamazoo.
* *   *
C. W. Post the great labor hater of
peanut shell fame was defeated by
Socialists ln the municipal elections in
Battle Creek, Mich., April 2.
* *   •
Six seats out of ten were captured
by Socialists in the recent municipal
election in Dowagiac, Mich., on April
1. The Socialists polled 347 more
straight votes than the two old parties
combined
WORK TO DO.
There are six or seven ridings in
B. C, which can be easily carried for
the workingclass, all that is necessary
is to get the workers on the voter's
list and keep them on. Besides these
there are four or Ave more districts
where all that is needed, besides getting the working man on the list, is a
quiet systematic propoganda. There is
nothing at all in the way to prevent
the Socialist Party from carrying ten
or fifteen ridings at the next provincial elections. There are no doubt many
difficulties to overcome, but If every
workingman and woman that ls conscious of the necessity of a change
in this system will put their shoulders
to the wheel and each do his or her
„ . , ,    , ,    ■     i part,  however little  it  may be, the
Rumors of general provincial elec- , , , ,     .        „.    _   , t: . '  _:
.   , ,, .. .    .trick can be done. The Socialist Party
tions about end of May, so those who     ,,
have any notion please dig up In time
if possible. We appeal particularly to
requested to rescind its action in or- j any isolated Alta. Comrades, where
anizing such Branch Local, and not- there will be no Socialist candidate
ty the members of said Branch that if up but we have our mit out for the
|iey wish to continue in affiliation i long green from almost any source.
Ith the Socialist   Party   of   Canada | No questions asked    about    "tainted
money."
The following have pried loose to
■ley can only do so by taking out a
tarter in the usual manner.
A communication from Local Cum-
J'iIiukI reporting good progress in
ilding up the Local and one from
[dgewood, B. C. asking for charter ap-
Icatlons and instruction, were reived.
The matter of loose methods in re-
irds to nomination of candidate and
induct of the campaign in Victoria
|as laid over until the next meeting
the   Committee    Financial   report
lowing receipts for March of $83.35
id expenditure of $8.00 was received.
Adjourned.
E. T. KINGSLEY, Sec'y.
date:
C. W. Springford  $5.00
J. E. Anderson   5.00
J. A. Weston   1.00
J. L. Anderson   5.00
W. H. Anderson   5.00
This is a start—the fine (election
deposit) is $100.00 and there are lots
of incidental expenses, so come across
comrade.
W. H. ANDERSON,
[LOCAL  MA3KERVILLE, ALTA.
■ mrado Editor:
|A successful meeting was held here
Markervllle, Alta., a few nights ago,
lien   Comrades   Alf.   Budden,   and
. Wood, gave a lecture on Social
BThe Hall was crowded with eager
toners, who apparently appreciated
plain revolutionary talk the boys
nded out to them,
iomrade Budden, clearly explained
farmers' position, and proved that
a only way out of the present Slav-
was through Socialism.
After the meeting, the young people
Joyed themselves ln dancing until
e ln the morning.
Yours In ^he flght,
JOHN NELSON,
Sec.  Markervllle  Local.
HERE AND THERE.
By WATTS.
HOW THEY COME
The general unrest all over the
|jrld show that the slaves want to be
of their chains but owing to Labor
tders and Preachers they are never
t on the right track.   Therefore its
to the members of the Socialist
kvement to get after these slaves
'il put them wise, agitation, striking
revolting will not accomplish the
clal revolution. Only the intelligent
ication of the workers along the
es of Scientific Socialism will en-
e them to throw off their chains
ever . The Western Clarion will
|trt them on the right track, get
m to subscribe for It as the Com-
les mentioned below have done:
Budden, Organizer, Alta 9
Paterson, Winnipeg, Man, 6
Twenty-six Farmers and wage
slaves of Barons, Alta., signed an application for a Charter of the S. P. of
C. Lee Wilson acting as Secretary
The farmers are losing faith in the
G. G. A, and the U. F, A., which is a
good sign.
* •   •
Seventeen wage workers signed an
application for a charter in Diamond
City, Alta. W. W. Shaw acting as sec-
rotary.
* *   •
17,000 Chicago carpenters are on
strike for the purpose of enforcing the
use of union made material on all
buildings,
• •   •
Reports from Winnipeg show that
Winnipeg local is again getting ahead
of the game, good meetings, good collections, good literature sales and an
enthusiastic bunch of workers. Good
for them.
• •   »
What arrangements are you making
for the systematic distribution of literature? Action along this line is necessary.
* *   «
When renewing your sub or sending
in Bubs write the name and addreBS
plain, otherwise we have to get the
whole office staff and even outsiders
to decipher your writing and 10 to
1 the sub don't go to the right address.
• *   •
One of the many dirty low down
methods of the Conservatives used in
the late B. C. elections against the
Socialists was the prevention of the
use of the ballot in Huples, B. C,
where the Socialists polled a majority
of votes in the Dominion election.
And in the late election the polling
booth was never opened to give them
another chance to do the same.
calls on every class conscious worker
to unite under its banner and press
onward to the conquest of the Public Power. We in Vancouver are getting our plans ready for a campaign
that will put a crimp in the aspirations
of the solid five when next they dishonor us with their presence. If you
want to be a worker for the cause, or
help in any way call at the Labor
Temple, Dunsmuir street and you will
be shown how you can take part in
the task of. carrying this real estate
mongering berg for Socialism. Do It
now.        ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Bow-wow-ser is so disgusted because
he lost his position as head of the poll
ln Vancouver that he threatens to
wipe out the present voters' list altogether and make a new one.
Would like to suggest that he amend
the election act first and for fear he
make a worst fist of it than ever would
suggest the following:
(1) That the $100 deposit be abolished or if retained that it be deposited by a candidate as a guarantee of
good faith and returned to him after
elections.
(2) That three months' notice be
given before any general election,
(3) And that the voters' list be
opened for one month before elections
so aB to give every one a chance to
get on the voter's list.
Anyway this disfranchising business
has gone far enough and If the govern
ment does not wish the people of B.
C. to resort to other means of "electing" representatives they had better
get busy.
The squad for the distribution of
pamphlets will meet outside the Labor
Temple in Dunsmulr street, on Sunday
morning, April 14, at 9 o'clock. If
you want to help be there.
A FUNNY PAPER.
The Vancouver "Province," whose
only excuse for existence seems to be
for the purpose of deceiving its read
ers, sometimes throws off an uncon
scious joke. "Milwaukee tired of Socialism," is the way it heads the news
of the defeat of the Socialists there
owing to a combination of all the
other parties and Milwaukee was so
tired of Socialism that it gave them
(the Socialists) over 8,000 votes, more
than two years ago. Now here is
where the joke comes. If Milwaukee
is so tired of Socialism that it gives
them 8,000 votes more than two years
ago, Is Vancouver so pleased with
the Conservatives that it gives them
less votes than three years ago? Comment unnecessary.
I    Calgary reports everything coming
Itheir way and orders more leaflets.
Because a workman's paper ap
pealed to soldiers, three weeks ago,
not to do the dirty work of the capitalists by shooting down or bludgeoning
the working people who are forced by
their starvation wages and slavish conditions into "striking" from time to
time for better terms, the Government
have arrested the editor and printers of that paper, for a week refused
them bail, ransacked their premises,
and are prosecuting them for treason
felony.
What does this mean?
It means that the salaried persons
who form "the Government," and who
are tliere to do the bidding and serve
the brutally selfish interests of the financiers and big employers who run
this country for their own profit, at
the loss of the rest of the community
(including police and soldiers)—it
means that these gentry-ln-offlce are
afraid that some Instalment of common justice may be won by their protesting slaves unless soldiers and police can be counted on, at any moment
to baton and butcher those slaves into
silence and submission in their wretched  poverty.
It means that this country, which
we were taught at school to believe
was "the land o' freedom," Is now being worse than Rttssianised and Germanised by the parasites and placemen
who ride on the backs of the working J
folk, and get rich by the penury. It
means that the governing class are so
afraid of the people being told the
plain truth about these things that
they are trying to suppress the liberty
of utterance in England; to make an
end of freedom of speech and of pen
except when that "freedom" Is used
against the workers.
Now, freedom to criticise the laws
and the law-makers, and to express
opinions upon all the public questions
of the day—such freedom of utterance
is the very keystone of all freedom of
any kind. Without that freedom there
can be no freedom. Every liberty depends upon that one.
No self-respecting Briton can stand
by and see that fundamental liberty
trampled upon or interfered with- Every one of us possessed of the least remains of our national honour must regard for England and for what resist such a blow to our traditions and
to our elementary human rights, at all
costs, and by every means in our
power.
Moreover those of the misgoverning
clique who would suppress the free expression or opinion, or the liberty of
appeal to any section of the nation not
to deliberately commit brutality and
murder, are themselves the most dangerous of all enemies of decent society. For the suppression of frank
and open utterance upon every question of public polity means driving
earnest men and women to secret and
underground methods of organisation
and action.
There is, in other words, no more
mischievous and suicidal policy of misgoverning that that of SITTING ON
THE SAFETY VALVE.
If, for the sake of the mean and
grasping £ s. d. interests of the rich,
we are not to be allowed to appeal to
our fellow-citizens—and our soldiers
and police we, of course, claim as our
fellow-citizens—not to butcher or bash
their own kith and kin and their own
class when these dare to inslt that
the labourer is worthy of his hire and
must have a voice in fixing the terms
of that hire—If we are not to be allowed to issue such an appeal as that,
what right of any sort under heaven
remains to us?
It will not do. There are still too
many people ln this Island profoundly
concerned to defend what slender
rights and liberties yet remain to the
common people for this new bulldozing experiment of the present reactionary Jacks-ln-offlce lo succeed even temporarily.
Meanwhile, I, for one, endorse and
omphaslze every word of tho appeals
which hive ijeen made to the common
humanity and self-respect of our soldiers.
1 urge the police to refuse to be prostituted from their proper function of
guardians of the peace Into strikebreakers and Ipso facto blacklegs of
the trade unionists. In any case lt
should be clear to policemen lhat better pay and conditions for the strikers
mean better pay and conditions for
the police as well.
The stabbing or shooting of unarmed men and women Is not work for
soldierB. The proper function of tbe
army is the defence of tho country
against aggression, not the backing of
avaricious capitalists in' their disputes
with sweated labor
Moreover, you, soldiers nnd policemen, are the sons of the working class,
and you know only too well how hard
is that unjust suffering of your class
which drives it into the organized passive resistance of strikes against Its
dwindling rations or for a less squalid
and grinding existence than that to
which the wage-workers are at present
ORGANIZE.
There Is a very good feeling In the
atmosphere, the shout, organize, can
be heard from all quarters and sections of the country. It Is the general
feeling throughout B. C, that lack of
organization, and that alone accounts
for there not being more than two
representatives of our claaa sent to
the Provincial Legislature this season.
Well to start in, one of the main
stays of organization within the Party
itself is the Party Paper. Now the
Western Clarion is one official organ, j
Everyone In the S. P. of C, ought to
be compelled to subscribe. In fact the
dues of the Locals should be made
to cover the cost of the Western Clarion to all members of the Local. This
would only amount to another 10 cents
per month, and collected monthly as
part of the dues would not cut very
much figure with anyone. Members of
Locals throughout Canada, take this
matter up at your next meeting: Move
that: Your Local agree to take the
Western Clarion in a body, every
member to pay 10 cents more per
month, same to be forwarded with
names and addresses of members to
the Sub-Editor of the Western Clarion,
monthly. What does ten cents a
month mean to anyone? A plug of
Holy Smoke and a couple of swigs of
Bud. less. It doesn't matter If you
already subscribe, your sub will run
out some day, in the meantime you
can make good use of the extra paper.
Get a move on. Don't wait for someone else to start.   It's up to You.
S. L,
MILLARD EXPLAINS WHY
THINGS HAPPEN TO HAPPEN.
"The great law of social development was discovered by Karl Marx
and is called 'economic determinism.'"
"This means that the real foundation of any society is the method by
which the necessities of physical existence are produced and distributed,
and that whenever a revolution or
change bas taken place ln the method
of making and distributing these necessities, then a change takes place in
all the other component parts of civilization. This does not mean that religion, ethics, art, literature and philosophy do not have anything to do in
shaping events, but it means that the
strongest force acting is the economic
method, and that slowly, but surely,
all these others change when the
method of making and distributing the
bread changes.
"Such a theory leads one to investigate how many things are made today,
and for what purpose. The answer is
at once apparent. The necessities of
life are today not made because life
depends upon them, but because the      ^^^^^—————Mmmmmmmmmmltltltltl—m^^^m
sale of them brings In a profit above|who work the t00'' J0U  havo  Soc,aI
THE STRUGGLE  FOR. EXISTENCE.
The struggle for existence has •
very simple cause. And the remedy
Is to take away the cause. The cause
of the struggle Ib that those who work
do not own the means by which they
work, and are, therefore, not the masters of the things which their work
produces. The remedy for the struggle Is to make those who work the
owners of the means by which they
work, and the masters of the thing
which their work produces. The remedy Is Socialism.
Man Is a tool-using animal. The
necessities of life for the millions are
produced by man with the help of
tools. Without the help of tools we
could not be fed, clothed, housed,
warmed, or carried. We could not have
a light to read by. We could not
have a book to read.
Some tools are simple and cheap.
The spade, the sewing machine, the
pair of scissors can be worked by one
man or woman. And the spade, the
sewing machine, the scissors are not
too dear for one man or woman to buy.
The person who owns and works the
spade, the sewing machine, the scissors is master of the product of his
work. If all tools were as simple and
as cheap as these there would be no
Socialism.
But most tools are not simple. Nor
are most tools cheap Simple and
cheap tools are going out of use. Complicated and dear tools take their
place. Tools one hundred times dearer
and more complex than the spade, the
sewing machine, and the scissors, take
the place of the spade, the sewing machine, and the scissors, because the
dearer and more complex tool can produce a thousand or ten thousand times
as much as the cheap and simple tool,
produced.
But these new tools are far too complicated for one man or woman to
work. And these new tools are far too
dear for one man or one woman to
buy.
You see what happens. When the
one man worked with the tool which
the one man owned, then the thing
that tool helped to produce belonged
to the man who worked the tool, for
the man who worked the tool was the
same as the man who owned the tool.
But when the many men work with
the tool which other men own, can we
say that the thing that tool helps to
produce belongs to the many men who
work the tool? No; we cannot; for
the many who work the tool are not
the same men as the ones who own
the tool.
When the ones who own tho tool
are not the same men as tho many
who work the tool, you have Capitalism. Wben the ones who own the
tool  are  the  same men  as  Ihe  ones
all expenses. Profit Is primary; use
is secondary.
"How are these things produced and
distributed? They are produced and
distributed by huge armies of men
who work together collectively. This
is done because experience has shown
the inefficiency of individual production and distribution. Trusts are not
the result of the thoughts of evil men,
as La Follette and Bryan would have
us believe, but are the result of the
greater efficiency of co-operative labor
over Individual labor.
"It Is   when   we   Investigate   how
! lam. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
It is very clear that Ihe man who
owns the tool Is master of the thing
the tool helps to produce. And when
the man who works the tool Is the
man who owns the tool, this Is Just
as It should be. But where the many
who own, but do not work, the tool,.
are masters of the thing the tool helps -
to produce—there ls the trouble.
If the men who worked the tool
owned the tool, and owned the product
of their labor, they would set aside ont
of the product Just enough to keep the
tool In working order, and would have
the rest of the product for themselves.
these products are Shared among men  ^-^———meeseee,,mmssmssesssssssssssssssssssssssssssm
that we discover the rift within the IThat wou,d be ^ocMlaxn.
lute. The division of the product IbI n,,t when the men who own the
out of harmony with the genius of pro- l0°l snd the I*rod"c' "re not ,he men
ductlon. To get an opportunity to eat, Iwh0 work the «x*'-"hat -"-Pr-ena
the mass of the people are forced to thon? The mcn who own >h° *°°' an*
stand before the law In the same class the ■,ro*l,,ct Bet **U]e °'" of ,1*° "r<>
as the hog, because Ihe hog is a com- ,*"* >"<l cno"Rn to kce" ,hc ,nnn wh°
modlty in tho hog market and the lab-1work ,he *00' flt '° work' an'1 tho*
orer without tools Is a commodity In kceP the rest of the product for them
the labor market.
All the balance that remains after
the labor and other commodities arc
paid for goes Into the pockets of a
useless minority, who merely own tho
selves.   That Is Capitalism.
We are living under Capitalism now.
The amount lhat keeps the men who
work the tool fit to work Is called
wages.   The rest of the product la cat-
social tools.    No superior brains are .I*-<1 <he surplus value
required for this    Insanity, childhood, |     r,*° me» wh" nwn' ',"' *'° "ot "***•
non-resldence, sex, Imbecility arc not tho ,00*' ,rr *.** ***" m"oh ,ur,,'B
bars to private ownership of the tools
of Industry which others must get or
die." WALTER J. MILLARD.
A  WONDERFUL  MACHINE.
doomed.
LEONARD HALL.
In Justice.
Don't be satisfied with simply being a Socialist. Work to bring others to your way of thinking.
In view of the Insistent capitalist
clamour for cheap docile labour a
great Impetus Is given to the Invention of appliances which wlll displace
human slaves, who are always worrying their masters. I havo Just been
reading about a machine which may
change the face of society In less than
ten years. The Inventor Is Nicola
Tesla, and ho announces lhat his engine can be worked with waler, air,
steam or gas. A Tesla engine weighing two and a hnlf pounds will develop
twenty-fivo horse power. A thousand
horse-power engine can be put InBlde
a cardboard hat-box. This engine
when universally used wlll throw
ninety wage-slaves out of every hundred on to tho streets. Wealth will
be made as rapidly as If produced by
magic. If the working class fall to
accomplish the soclsl revolution the
private ownership of such machines
will keep them In perpetual mlBcry
As a factor for pushing forward the
revolutionary movement Ihe Tenia machine wlll be more potent than ten
million red-hot agitators
VOICE OF LABOR.
value as possible, and give as little
wages as possible. No matter how
much their Interests may differ, I heir
Interests are ngreed upon thai point.
The men who own but do not work
the tool are called the possessing
class, or Ihe master class. This point
upon which their Interests are all
agreed Is, then, class interest. And
when they become aware of this agreement of Interests, thoy are said te
be class conscious.
The men who work but do not owa
the tool try to get as much wages ae
possible, and to leave as little surplue
as possible. No matter how much their
Interests may differ, their Interesta
are agreed upon that.
The men who work but do not owat
the tool aro called the "non-pnssese-
Ing class," or "the working class." The
point upon which their Interests are
all agreed Is called their clnss-lntcrost.
And when they become aware of thle
agreement, of Interests Ihey are said
to be class-conscious.
These class-Interests cannot stand
together. There must be n clash. The
class Interest of the working (lass le
always In conflict wllh the class Interest of the master class.
This conflict is called the eiaat
struggle. Socialism seeks to end lhe
class struggle.
M. B.—In Melbourne Soelaliat. f»AGE FOUR
THE, WESTERN; CLARION. VANCOUVF.R. BRITISH COLUMBIA
8ATURDAY, APRIL 13TH, 1912.
"THE HISTORICAL
SOCIALIST POSITION
(The following letter was written by
'■Comrade J. B, Osborne to a comrade
. in Los Angeles in reply to a letter de-
i scribing the situation in that city.—
1 Bid.)
*   *   *
Dear  Comrade:—The   situation   in
Los Angeles Is about the same as it is
here in Branch Oakland and ln San
Francisco.   There, the light is to keep
r.he party from  becoming subservient
'.o the A. F. of L. organization and officials.   Here the tight is to keep the
party from being    dominated    by   a
brand of industrial anarchy called I.
W. W. industrial unionism.    This is
the fight in California today as well as
in the United States, and I pointed out
• this fact six months ago In an article
in THE WORLD.   In Los AngeleB, the
sflght is led by Job Harriman representing the A. F. of L. program, in
Oakland and San Francisco,    Austin
.'.Lewis is leading the attack upon the
Socialist Party representing the I, W.
*W. element    In 1902, Harriman and
Lewis  both  stood  together  in  their
support of the Union Labor Party in
•^opposition   to   the   Socialist   Party.
'They both take the same position now
'except that one stands for a unionism
that exists and the other for a theoretical   unionism,   that   so   far   only
i amounts   to   anarchistic   mutterings.
The position I took in 1902 is the same
I take now, and I believe you take
-also, namely, that the Socialist Party
ils  bigger  and   more  potential   than
any other working class organization
'ton earth, that all forms of unionism
-are commodity organizations, and that
their function is limited to making ar-
-rangements  with  the  buyers  of the
^commodity,   labor   power,   about   the
.-■.price of that commodity or the conditions of its purchase.   The price of all
commodities being ultimately determined by the cost of their production, it
necessarily follows that the economic
function of organizations of labor is
'-exceedingly limited.     No strike has
ever risen to the dignity of the class
struggle.   Unions as such cannot wage
the class struggle.   The class struggle
means an organized effort on the part
ill a class to overthrow completely the
supremacy of another class. Since the
ownership of the means of production
by the capitalist class makes them the
master class and the working class
the slave class, and since the capitalist
class holds and maintains its ownership of the means of production solely
and only by their possession of the
political power in city, state and nation, the class struggle Is for the cap-
'ltalist class to hold and the working
class to secure the political power.
Since this is true, and the Socialist
Parly is organized for the sole purpose of constituting the working class
and all in sympathy with that class into a political party for the purpose of
shifting the political power from the
possession of the capitalist class to
the working class in order that the
ownership of the means of production
may be shifted from the capitalist
class to the people collectively, It then
follows that the Socialist Party alone
wages the class struggle ln the interest of the working class, and is the
only revolutionary expression of that
class. The Socialist Party, then,
stands to protect labor in all its eco-
ditlons and to protect it in all its
nomic struggles about wages or con-
rights to organize in any form it
deems best, but cannot become subservient to or be dictated to by any
other organization on earth. The Socialist Party in waging the class struggle of the wage-working class, not only
represents that class but the whole of
Bociety in the process of social revolution.
This briefly stated, is what I call the
middle-of-the-road position, and 1
would like to see all the Socialist comrades in California who believe in this
logical center between the two extremes get in touch with one another
and work together ln an organized
way for the safety and perpetuity of
our Party. The German comrades
have arrived at this logical center
basis after years of experience and
internal strife and turmoil. The, Socialists of California and America must
sooner or later come to lt, and it is up
to those members of our Party who
want to save the Party from years of
Internal warfare and general reaction
to get together and get together quick.
Fraternally, Your Comrade,
JAMES B   OSBORNE.
ers of the ruling class. Therefore, the
S. P. of C, is organized to capture the
reins of government, which is the seat
of their power, and thereby, transform
these means of wealth production
from class, to social ownership.
But what do the   capitalists   say?
WISCONSIN  NOTES.
The Milwaukee Socialists have won
two real victories in the campaign
which closed at the polls yesterday.
They forced the two old parties to
They say we  shall  not  capture   the I combine in order to "beat the Social-
THE POWER THAT LIES
BEHIND ORGANIZATION
The election here in the Comox and
Cumberland' district was fought on
purely class lines. The representative
of the ruling class had not the courage
to come before the electors, although
he was challenged at every meeting
held by our candidate, Com. Lefeaux,
he dare not show his face on the pub-
He platform. They won the election,
bnt what of that. Yhey are retreating while we are advancing by leaps
and bounds and at the present rate of
progress of the Socialist movement
here, they will not as much as save
their deposit nt the next election.
Many of our Comrades were disfranchised by the slimy methods of the
McBride administration. Had we been
organized here, these methods would
have been less successful. By the
absence of organization, the workers,
(many of them), were ignorant of the
election laws till It was too late. All
■who registered since the last revision,
which took place last fall, were not on
the list. Many who had votes in other
districts, transferred their votes as
soon as the election was declared, but
they have the election laws so arranged that from the time the election
was declared, to the day of election, lt
was impossible to transfer and be legalised to vote at this election. Had we
been organized ln time, the workers of
this district would have been made
cognizant of these things and these
transfers would not have been lost.
But we now have a strong militant
■organization and we are out already
for the scalp of the tool, yiioever he
may be, who may hear the standard of
capitalist piracy at the next counting
of noses.
Our organization is based on the
class struggle. Although the capitalist
class and all their emissaries declare
there is no class struggle, we Insist
that there is a class struggle, and that
the working class must recognize this
class struggle, and organize on this
"basis, ln order to overthrow class rule.
and class distinctions for ever and for
aye.
To live we must have at least food,
» clothing and shelter, and If you belong
• to tho wage earning class to get these
things, you must have access to the
instruments of wealth production. Between you and these instruments
stands the owner of them or his agent
* whom you must ask for a Job When
yon ask for a job, you agree to work a
certain number of hours, for a certain
sum of money, or you agree to perform a certain amount of work, for a
certain amount of money. In any case,
yoa exchange your mental or physical
force for money. You sell your life
force to your employer.   He buys lt
from you. Therefore your labor power
being bought and sold, is a commodity.
And subject to tne same laws as all
other commodities. Its value is determined in the same way. The value
of any commodity is determined by
the average social labor power necessary to reproduce it, (measured by
labor time). So the value of labor
power is the time necessary to pro
duce the actual necessaries of life,
which chiefly consist of food, clothing
and shelter and a little bit more.
Here's where the little more comes ln.
When a capitalist buys a machine, he
knows the machine won't last for all
time. He also knows, approximately,
how long it will last. Now suppose
a machine cost $2,000 and will last
ten years then 1(200 must be transferred, annually to the commodities produced by the aid of that machine, in
order to replace it, with a new one,
when the old one ls conveyed to the
scrap heap. So with the laborer. He
won't last for all time. So on the
average, he gets enough to feed, clothe
and shelter himself, and enough to
take a wife, and to bring up a couple
of slaves, to take his place when he
ls conveyed to the scrap heap. This
is the reason that single men have an
advantage over married men.
But there ls a difference ln selling
labor power and selling any other commodity. When selling any other commodity you simply hand over the article and receive payment, or put lt
on account, and the transaction is finished, there and then. It is different
with labor power. When you sell It,
you can't hand lt over, receive the
cash, walk away. Having no other
blood, when you sell your labor power,
habitation than ln human flesh and
you sell yourself, and you must go
along with lt and stay with it for
eight, ten, or whatever hours the
agreement calls for. When you ask for
a job, you ask for permission to live.
Your employer has the power to say
when you'll work and when you won't
He says when you'll eat and when you
won't. He says whether you'll live or
die. We are their Blaves. Our children
are born slaves to their children. Our
grandchildren to theirs and so on,
long as we allow them to remain in
possession of the tools and machinery
of wealth production, which they
neither make, nor use, but which we
have made, and which we alone use,
and which we must, nnd shall own.
The struggle then ls for ownership of
the means of life. On the part of
the working class to secure, by political struggle, for it makes no difference, what methods we use, we must
come in contact with the political pow
reins of government and they have
already put many obstacles in our
way, such as election deposits, property qualifications, minimum annual
wage in order to beconie legally fran-
chised, etc. You lose your vote when
you are so long away from a place,
you've got to be so long in a place
before you can register, and so long
registered before you can vote.
These are only the thin end of the
wedge and there is no limit to the extent they will drive the wedge If we
let them. Hence, the motive of this
letter.
There are many workers who think
that all they have to do, ls to vote
the Socialist ticket. Others go a little further and join the organization,
and do nothing but pay their dues.
If we all got down to this level, we
would be politically destroyed, whenever the ruling class should deem It
necessary. The present governments,
alone, are powerless, without the organized power behind them. Knowledge is power, but in the class struggle, it is powerless if not organized.
Therefore I call on all wage earners,
who approve of our principles, aims
and objects to come into our organization, that we may be in a position to
defy our enemies to deny us the franchise, which we are supposed to have.
And also to remove the already existing laws which have been enacted
to prevent us attaining our ends. We
cordially invite any comrade or other
wage earner outside of Cumberland
and in this district, who reads this, to
join us in this work.
Our headquarters are opposite the
postofflce, and any working man in or
out of Cumberland Is cordially invited
to call In whenever they are in town.
We have a library which, from a working man's point of view is second to
none and any one wishing to order any
literature, can do so, through onr literature agent, Com. W. Maxwell.
Come into the organization. Study
the principles, of scientific socialism.
Get others to do tde same and thus aid
ln hastening the dawn of the day of
Labor's emancipation from Capitalist
bondage.
Yours in revolt,
BOB WALKER,
Organizer Local No. 70, Cumberland,
B. C.
"WALTER THOMAS" AGAIN.
"THE SOCIALIST FEDERATION OF
AUSTRALIA."
ists," and Increased the Socialist vote
by about three thousand.
These are two real triumphs. The
gain in votes is especially gratifying
as it represents a sound, solid Socialist gain. The "protest vote" amounting probably to about five thousand
which was with us two years ago
when we elected Mavor Seldel, iell off
completely at the election yesterday.
But it was more than replaced by
a workingmen s vote, cast on a
straight issue of Socialism against capitalism.
The enforced fusion of the two old
parties is another matter for Socialist congratulation. The Milwaukee
Social Democrats are strong enough to
compel a union of all the capitalistic
forces. They are too strong to be
defeated by either party alone. The
fuslonlsts or "non-partisans" in their
platform openly announced tnat the
issue of this campaign was "Anti-
Socialism vs. Socialism." On this
clear-cut issue the battle was waged.
That our party gained votes in sucli a
fight is one of the best signs of the
times.
The campaign was gigantic ,and was
never paralleled ln any other American city. The enthusiasm, night after
night, in our monster meetings, struck
with astonishment old Milwaukeeans
and strangers alike.
Last Sunday was a day of big things.
In the morning an army of six or eight
hundred members of the Bundle Brigade covered every ward of Milwaukee
with a free distribution of 90,000
copies of the Leader. It was a cold,
rainy morning, but nothing dampened
the zeal of the earnest workers. Not
one voter, who could read either English, German, Polish, Jewish, Slavonian, Hungarian, Bohemian, Roumanian, Italian, Lithuanian or Slovak, waB
left without a sound Socialist presentation of the issues of the campaign
on this last Sunday before the battle
at the polls.
In the evening, long before the vast
Auditorium opened Its doors, an eager
crowd was waiting for admission. By
seven o'clock the main arena, seating
over 8,000 persons, was packed, and
admission refused. Then the other six
smaller halls of the Auditorium were
filled in a short time. After all these
were crammed to their utmost capacity, a meeting of several thousana persons standing gathered in the basement, and a messenger was despatched to the nearest outside hall to rent
"Sydney, January 31, 1912.1 lt for an overflow meeting.   The entire
The Secretary, International Socialist I number of people in the Auditorium
Bureau, Brussels.
Dear Comrade:
I am instructed to forward the following resolutions carried by our National Executive and endorsed by S.
F. A. Branches.
(1) That the Socialist Federation
of Australia protest to the American
Socialist Party against the action of
Walter Thomas Mills in organizing for
and speaking under the auspices of
the Australian Labor Party (an anti-
Socialist organization).
(2) That the Socialist Federation
of Australia protest to the French Socialist Party and JEAN JAURES
against Jaures accepting any invitation to speak in Australia for the so-
called Labor Party.
and the overflow meeting must have
considerably exceeded 20,000. They
seemed to be all Socialists, judging
from the hearty applause which greeted the speakers, who took funis in
addressing the various audiences.
The capitalist papers next day
sneered at the large number of women
and children ln the audience. But one
of the best features of the campaign
just past was the part taken by the
Socialist women. Well have they done
their share and added greatly to the
inspiration of the struggle.
Mayor Seldel received 30,200 votes
yesterday, against 27,662 two years
ago. The vote for the Social-Democratic ticket waB remarkably even,
scarcely varying by 600 for any of the
(3) That the Socialist Federation candidates,
of Australia protest to the world's So-1 The spirit of the Milwaukee Soclal-
ciallst Parties, through the Interna- ists is excellent. They are not one
ttonal Socialist Bureau, against any bit discouraged. The flrst thing that
member of the Socialist movement was said after the news of the "de-
coming to Australia to speak for the feat" (if so it may be called) was the
so-called Labor Party. same from the lips of every comrade,
In its politics the Labor Party is "Now let us 1'^ht harder than ever be-
not fundamentally different from the
British Liberal Party, and ls over essentially a party of capitalist interests,
making the perpetuation of radical
hatreds a vital part of Its program, advocating forced militarism and Jailing
working-class boys who refuse to be
conscripts, protesting its loyalty to
throne and empire, and also protesting its desire to legislate to protect
the exploiting interests of the employer as well as the interests of the
employees. The Labor Party has made
laws to jail trade unionists who go on
strike, and even at this minute the
New South Wales Labor Party holds
four unionists In jail for striking; and
it hurries armed police to every center
where a strike takes place.
A full statement of the Labor Party
position and record will be duly forwarded.
I am instructed to ask the International Socialist Lyceum Bureau to
cause the foregoing resolutions to be
printed ln tne 'vorld's Socialist papers.
With all good wishes,
B. HOLLAND.
Capitalism breeds poverty by causing unemployed; low wages and no
wages, and its attendant ills; misery,
semi-starvation,  prostitution, crime.
Socialism will abolish unemployment, low wages, poverty, and all the
miseries arising therefrom, by guaranteeing to tbe working class a full and
secure livelihood, freed from drudgery.
fore!"
And they will keep their word. To
day the fall campaign has begun. We
shall more than hold our own next fall
and shall increase our representation
in the legislature and elect two Socialist Congressmen from Milwaukee.
E. H. THOMAS, State Secretary.
Milwaukee, Wis., April 3, 1912.
- The problem of remuneration under
Socialism is easily disposed of. The
relative pay for different kinds of work
must be determined just as it is now
automatically, by the action of supply
and demand. But the remuneration
determined in this way cannot be just
until every one ls free to choose any
occupation in which he can fulfill the
requirements, and the conditions of all
occupations are made public.—From
"Incentive Under Socialism," by Warren Atkinson.
In place of truth telling, came the
trickery and chicanery of trade. Pride
of family the bourgeosie had not, and
so affected humility. Courtesy and
'chivalry were lost upon him On the
other hand, a long series of purely
economic virtues, each and all wholly
calculated to further the general class
business of accumulation, sprang into
being. Such were industry, prudence,
thrift, frugality, temperance, simplicity, early rising and the like—a
wonderful exposition and summary of
which may be found ln the essays of
Benjamin Franklin.—From "Puritanism " by Clarence Melly.
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CHINA AND JAPAN RE DEVELOPING AN INDUSTRIAL SYSTEM
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The same captains of Industry are to make Hardy Bay the terminal
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CAN BE SHIPPED FBOM HARDY BAT BY RAILROAD—THUS SAV-
INO A FULI. DAT'S TIME OVEB ANT OTREB FOBT ON THE
PACIFIC.
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PACIFIC TO THE ORIENT. Mammoth coal and Iron deposits have
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Intend to build a Pulp Mill that wll be second to none on tho continent.
Hardy Bay wll also capture the Alaskan trade, and Is the only natural
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