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Western Clarion Sep 4, 1909

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 I   543.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, September 4, 1909.
entwriptlon Prloe   epi AS
OVERING UP THE TRACKS
s
The press, like all other capitalist
Institutions, stands between the devil
and the deep sea.   In order to get the
pap from the capitalists that is necessary to maintain a paper, the manage
ment must not only defend the rule of
capital and its alter-ego wage slavery,
but they must also get  a circulation
among these very wage slaves.    To
reach the capitalists only with such a
paper would be like hauling coal  to
Newcastle.   But in this age of Socialist agitation, to get a circulation among the wage slaves, they are obliged
to conceal in so tar as possible the real
mission of their paper, and under the
pretences of news or social happen-
ings deal with a few of the smaller
waves of that great ocean of misery,
the slave class.   The pap that these
periodicals receive is hut a small part
of what 1s plundered from the slaves
tinder the guise of wages.
The papers of each country try to attract the attention of the home slaves
away from their misery.   One of the
many ways of doing tills Is to expose
the horrible condition of the slaves in
some other country.   This method also has a consoling effect.   I can well
remember how I used to console myself by saying it might be worse,
A few years ago the American papers in blazing headlines, were telling
all about the scandals in connection
■with the Dreyfus trial, which was but
a trifle  as compared  with the scandals then going    on  in some of the
Western  States, where    the national
and  State  troops  were used by the
Mine Owners' Associations to butcher
the  miners,   their  wives    and children.     ... .....
"The Jungle'' was written to expose
the awful condition of that great army
of wage slaves in Packlngtown, but the
news agencies were kept particularly
busy boosting Canadian papers and
magazines which contained' many quotations from "The Jungle," as well as
lengthy articles and editorials expos
lng the filthy condition and adulterated state of Uncle Sam's meat market. All for the purpose of getting a
market for Canadian meat and other
products that they were stealing from
the working class of Canada. At the
same time our Comrades, the Socialists in the B. C legislature, were exposing from the floors of that assembly the Canadian jungle, with positive
proof that was not, and could not be,
refuted, for it was volunteered by the
employees, whose conscience would
not permit them to keep lt secret any
longer. They showed that cattle and
hogs that were killed by lightning,
were dressed and sold. Hogs that were
dying with cholera and many that were
dead when Ihey found them, were
dressed and sold, and they who bought
them knew not of these things. The
Western Clarion was the only paper
ln Canada that published these facts.
Those who rely on capitalists' papers
for their information know not even
to this day of these exposures; likewise with many other exposures by
these Comrades.
Just now the Canadian papers for
gome reason, are giving considerable
space to the horrible conditions of the
wage slaves of the U. S„ particularly
around Pittsburg, where some 10,000
men are on strike. The following are
a few quotations from a three and one-
half column article in the Montreal
Star of May 26, 1909, under the caption of "Needless Toll ef Deaths in
the TJ. S.":
"In his annual report for 1906, Dr. C.
J. Whalen, commissioner of health for
Chicago, states that 25 per cent, of the
deaths In the 11. S. are unnecessary
and could be prevented. A fact, he
says, too familiar to be controverted."
Also from Dr. C. A. L. Reed of Cincinnati, Ohio, who, in a lecture before
the New York Academy of Medicine,
declared that preventable diseases ln
the TJ. S. killed one person every two
minutes.
"Typhoid fever may be taken as the
typical representative of preventable
diseases, for Its nature and means of
prevention are so clearly understood
that to permit people to become Infected wholesale as they so often do,
is very much like feeding them on
strychnine with homicidal intent."
Still, the most damning evidence ot
Die light regard in which human Ufa it
WORK   AND   PREY.
held in the U- S. is not to be found in
the statistics of preventable diseases,
black as they are, but ln the long roll
of deaths by violence.
According to the TJ. S. census bureau, there were in the registration
area 49,552 deaths from violence in
the year 1906. Impressive as tbe total is, it must be remembered that the
figures are only for the registration
area, about 48.5 per cent, of the population of the country. In the rest of
the country human beings are held so
cheap that fhey are not deemed worth
the trouble of recording. The Star estimates that the deaths by violence in
1906 In all of the TJ. S. must have heen
one hundred thousand.
Employees of American railroads
stand a very poor show of dying a natural death; 68.7 per cent, of all deaths
of brakemen in the decade ending
1906 were due to accident while on
duty.
Still this is not all. Taking industrial accidents resulting in permanent
tlisaTjility reported by the factory inspectors of the State of New York,
supposing fhe same to hold good
throughout the conntry, 240;000 young
men were disabled for life in the TJ.
S. last year. This added to the killed
make a grand total of young workers
removed from the economic assets of
the nation last year of at least 315,-
000.
But there Is more yet. On top of this
mountain of horrors must still he ptled
the great number of accidents which
do not result fatally or in permanent
disability, and which may not be regarded as very serious at the time of
their occurrence, yet they inexorably !|
Impair the health, curtail the usefulness and shorten the lives of their victims. Finally, there must be added
the most numerous class of all, ihe accidents whicli result in temporary disability only. The TT. S. Bureau of Labor estimates two million non-fatal accidents for the year ending 1908. The
grand total of pain and misery represented Is something appalling. Nor
are the victims the only sufferers;
wages stop when the head of the family goes to the hospital. So it happens that of all things in the U. S.,
that "most enlightened nation In the
world," human life Is cheapest.
But the above must be only a small
part of the truth <if we are to judge by
the following which Is a part only of
a statement issued by the Rev. 'A. T.
Toner of Pittsburg, where he has been
for nineteen years, regarding the condition of the wage slaves of the Pressed Steel Car Company:
He characterizes Ihe plant as "The
slaughter house and a thousand times
worse. Men are persecuted, robbed,
and killed," he said. "The place ls a
pit of infamy where men are driven
lower than the degradation of slaves
and compelled to sacrifice their wives
or daughters to the villainous foreman
and little bosses to be allowed to
work.
"It Is a disgrace to a civilized country. A man Is given less consideration than a dog and dead bodies are
simply kicked aside, while the men
are literally driven on to their death.
"For a few years after the plant was
opened members of the company visited me, had meals at my house and we
were on the most friendly terms. But
men were being killed daily. Their
bodies simply disappeared, and when
I began to make some comment I was
denied admission to the grounds. I
asked for a pass to go through the
plant, and it was promised me a score
or more times, but it never came. I
finally became disgusted and sought to
ascertain just what was going on inside the board fence. These are Borne
of the things I discovered:
"Scores of men were being killed
and no record made of their deaths;
or any legitimate dispositions made of
their bodies.
I made frequent attempts to get to
the company and offer the cemetery of
my church for free burial of men
whose families were unable to pay the
funeral expenses. I was turned away
with abusive remarks, and told that
there is no need of a cemetery.
I know of several Instances when
men have been killed like dogs. Their
fellow workmen wanted to send the
body home, but the foreman merely
Comrade Editor,—
Several Vancouver ministers having
taken up (he subject of "race track
gambling" as a suitable momentary
theme for attack from their respective
rostrums, it has ocurred to the undersigned that the subject must be at
least worthy of his consideration, and
also one that should receive some consideration at the hands of other thinking people also.
It appears that race track gambling
is not only detrimental to the morals
of the participants in the immediate
transaction, but also in some mysterious and diabolical manner it drags
down the rest of us along with them,
and even tbe ministers themselves get
their wings singed occasionally in their
weakest moments. This is serious,
and must certainly be investigated for
the purpose of suppressing the evil, If
not for the sake of their respective
congregations and the public generally, at least the souls of our respected
guides must be protected. Likewise
their pockets.
I admit that the king of England is
a little inclined to take an annual
chance on that almost international
event men call "the Derby," but then
you must know the old adage, "the
king can do no wrong" is still accepted. Only ministers and their flocks
must cling to trails.    Poor things!
There is nothing said about real
estate gambling; that, I presume, being, at least in the eyes of the clergy,
legitimate speculation. They indulge
in that practice themselves, I am told,
In spite of the fact that a certain book
Bays "Woe unto those who add house
to house and land to land until there
he no place."
But there, we will soon be leaving
eurselves open to the charge of criticizing those who are divinely appointed
to look after our morals, Instead of
leaving them alone to act as the supreme critics of the universe.
Brothers of the race track, the stock
exchange, the board of trade, the police courts, and the pulpits, let us
PREY,
Speed up, ye slaves; speed up!
When the hogs are fighting among
themselves, lt is evident they want
some more swllL
JOHN SMITH.
Vancouver, B. C.
SOME CENT BELT COMMENT
INCENTIVE    TO    PATRIOTISM.
A new aspect of the. Dreadnought agitation was submlted by Mr. Fltton ln
the course of the Mid-Derby election
contest. "A Dreadnought," he said,
"burns 40 tons of coal an hour, out of
which a royalty of ls. 3d. a ton has to
be paid to the landowner. That means
£ 60 a day for the landowner for every
Dreadnought. Now perhaps you can
understand the true reason why some
of these men keep crying out for more
Dreadnoughts.' Mr. Fltton further
pointed out that the man who did not
work at all demanded payment at the
rate of 500 times the payment award-'
ed to the humble coaltrimmer, who
did the hardest kind of work.—London
Clarion.
The Farmers.
"The agricultural population, in consequence of its dispersion over a great
space, and of the difficulty of bringing
about an agreement among any considerable poriion of It, never can attempt
a successful Independent movement;
ihey require the initiatory impulse of
the more concentrated, more enlightened, more easily moved people of the
towns."—Marx, 'Revolution and Counter Revolution."
TRADES UNIONISM
AND CAPITALISM
'We hold, that whenever dissatisfaction occurs in labor circles, before
a strike is ordered, it is the duty of
the strikers to look at the question,
not merely from the narrow, selfish
standpoint of their own individual interest, but also to give some thought
and some consideration to the party
most deeply interesled—and that is
tho public at large."
So says the Amherst News in a
very interesting and Instructive editorial on the Springhill strike.
The Springhill Standard ranis
against labor unions in general, and
the U. 11. W. In particular, while Hie
Halifax Herald gently remonstrates
with the strikers for preferring a powerful union to a weak one.
At the same time, those newspapers
supposed to be favorable to working
men, mildly and apologetically point
out that the wicked corporations
should not allow American capital to
own any of the stock ln Canadian
mines,
But they are ail off the track. Tho
management of the Dominion Coal Co,
Is not wicked, In fact many of them
are good Christian men, and they often take advantage of their opportuni
rolled It to one side and ordered the
men to go on with their work, often
trampling over the body for an entire
day before It was taken away. The
company had the men so cowed down
that they had no spirit and were allowed fewer rlghtB than slaves."
All this and a great deal more Is
published by the Canadian papers regarding the Pittsburg trouble- The
recent exposures regarding the employees of tho city of Mcutreal (and
If the facts were known the same Is
equally true throughout Canada),
shows that we Canadians are no longer a backward nation. As compared
with population and industrial development, things are as bad, If not worse,
bere than they are In the U. S. Anyhow we are not behind the times when
it comes to concealing or covering up
things that In the estimation of tho
master class lt Is best for the slaves
not to know,
0. M, O'BRIEN.
ty to advertise their business by contributing lo Ihe different churches.
But like Sir William Van Home, William Pugsley, General Booth, and
many other notables, they are not In
business for their health. They admit American capital to the Clace Bay
mines, not from any inherited love of
sin. but simply because It will mean
more dividends, more cigars, more
Whiskey, and a better time for themselves, and for no other reason.
The same is I rue of Ihe working
men. Thoy admit international unions because they think It will mean
bread Instead of corn pancakes, and
roasl beef instead of liver, for them,
and their families,
The "human nature" which Ihe SI.
John Sun delights to quote ns a powerful and lengthy argument against
Socialism, is responsible fir the Inroads of wicked American capitalists
nnd more wicked American ii'nr uni
ons inlo "our" country. The working
men in tho coal mines naturally do not
consider the "widows ami orphans'
who own the mine? wren they demind
a small porenntage more of that which
'.hoy produce, any ntoro than the capitalist consider their very useful and
long-suffering friends "the public"
when they set the price at which coal
shall be sold. Both working men and
capitalists do as that eminent Baptist
Sunday school teacher, John D. Rockefeller, said: "Charge all the traffic
will bear."
King Canute told the tide to advance
no farther, but. the tldo, not recognizing the royal authority, pursued Its
way till natural causes forced It to
stop; so, our learned friends rail at
unions of capital and labor, at "Malefactors of great wealth'' and at "combinations In restraint of trade." But
the trust and the labor union will disregard the warnings of our eminently
respectable but unscientific friends until natural causes (I. e„ the ultimate
victory of the worliing class and (he
formation of the Co-operative Commonwealth) make both the trust and
the labor union unnecessary and Impossible.    Selah!
C. V. HOAR.
/ The Dominion Executive Committee
are to be congratulated for their resolution (see Clarion Aug. 7), passed
In reply to the resolution adopted by
a small meeting of Local Toronto on
the question of international affiliation
—and I don't know but what congratulations ought to be tendered to tbe
freak who began the agitation in favor of international affiliation in Toronto Local last winter and the sentimentalists who followed up the agitation after the freak faded away. Anyway I'll move ln that direction if I
find a seconder.
This question of international affiliation has been threshed out on several occasions by the English-speaking
members of Toronto Local, and was
referred to in an article by the writer
in the March issue of the International
Socialist Review, it being then pointed
out that irregardlcss of the lack of
soundness of certain component parts
of the International Bureau, that the
S. P. of C. could spend its money at
nome to best advantage, as it is doubtful if any country in the world has
such a difficult field to organize as the
S. P. of C;., its populated territory be-
ihg roughly 3000 miles long by about
100 miles wide. And besides this lt
has to overcome the fine of $200 for
nominating a candidate for Parliament.
The reasons given by iae Dominion
Executive lor declining to affiliate with
the International Bureau are sound
and practical, and it is to be hoped
that they will be published in the International Socialist Review and party
papers lu foreign countries, and also
receive the consideration of the delegates to the International Bureau who
have admitted into their body representatives of the English Labor Party, [
an organization which denies the ex- ]
Istence of a class war.
The resolution adopted by Toronto
Local in favor of International affiliation was carried by the votes of foreign-speaking branches, the English-
speaking Comrades present' with few
exceptions voting In the negative. And
those exceptions were Comrades who
have not been attending English-
branch meetings regularly, but had
come down to the Local meeting in
response to a special summons.
Right here is a good Illustration of
a point recently made by Comrade F.
U. Stroud. In opposing a motion to
issue a special summons to discuss a
subject of no great importance, Comrade Stroud said lhat II was a foolish
practice to Issue a summons to secure
a "representative" meeting. Important
mailers should be decided by the Comrades who take enough Interest in the
work of the Party to attend business
meetings regularly nnd instead of a
special summons bringing out a "representative" gathering, lt had the effect of bringing down lo the mooting
a number of members who do nol regularly attend and who are, therefore,
"unrepresentative" and uninformed
members.
Toronto Local is a peculiarly organized body, as II at present stands,
and a move is on foot to reconstruct
the city organization on similar linos
to those of Vancouver, and othor
places in Canada, where there is more
than one branch of Ihe Party. In Ihe
places referred to the English-speak-1
lng Comrades have their regularly
chartered Local, and when the Finns,
Jews, Italians, Ukranians, Lettish or
other nationalities desire to organize
they do so as a separate Local, with
a charter of their own. Then when an
election occurs a convention Is held,
composed of all Party members In the
district ln good standing.
Toronto, however, has a system peculiar to Itself, In lhat the one char-
tor paid for by the English-speaking
Comrades several years ago Is now
held by "Toronto Local," an organization comprising about 80 members of
an English branch, 50 members of ihe
Jewish branch, 180 members of the
Finnish branch, and 10 members of
the Italian branch (these figures arc
approximate, rather than official). A
Central Committee binds together the
various branches and probably half a
dozen times a year "Local Toronto"
meets to discuss some particular ques
tion or elect delegates to some convention or committee.
As organized at present, the Finnish
Comrades, only about ten per cent, ot
whom understand the English language, control a majority vote of "Local
Toronto," and, if they desire, can at
any time commit the entire organization to their mistaken policy of opportunism. If they desire they can
elect an entire delegation to a convention favorable to Immediate demands.
It is unlikely that they would do so,
but a growing number of Comrades in
the "English, branch" prefer to occupy
a more independent position.
When the present system was first
established the cost of a separate
charter for each language branch
would have been a burden, so all camo
in under the English speaking comrades' charter. - Now, however, the
purchase of a separate charter would
not be a burden upon any of the
branches. The preBent system continues (Bee article II, section 2 of Constitution) subject to the approval of
the Provincial Executive Committee.
Article II, section 3, however, outlines
the plan of organization followed In
other Canadian cities where more than
one local exists.
A meeting of Local Toronto has
been called for the last Wednesday in
September to dscuss a proposal endorsed by the English branch that
each language branch become a separate local with a charter of Its own.
Article II, section 4 of the Constitution
says: "No local shall have jurisdiction
over another," and it ls equally true
that no branch should have jurisdiction over another.
There seems to be little effort being
put forth to bring the Finnish comrades to a realization of their absurd
position in the matter of "immediate
demands." The writer tried his hand
at lt after the convention in Toronto
last Labor Day, but with little apparent success, the only other contribution to the Clarion columns being a
reply from a committee of Finnish
comrades, this being followed1 up by
the publication of their booklet enun-
cating their position on Immediate demands.
The Finns, undoubtedly, have tho
right lo discuss our platform as It is
only by stating their views and hearing ihe views of others that an understanding can bo reached as to whether
ihelr place is inside our Party or on
the outside with the Independent Labor Party "get-somethlng-now" crowd.
The Finns, too, are to be excused for
calling English speaking comrades
taking ihe revolutionary position in
opposition to "Immediate demands" as
"idealists and Idiots." Probably we
would make some mistake; If we tried
to write In a foreign language with
only a limited knowledge of il. But
tho Finns miiBt explair what they
moan by Ihe following sem-nce in tho
last paragraph of their summing up
of tnolr objections to our Party Platform.    (See page 25.):
"It Is Beir-evldonl that the Socialist
Party cannot accept the views of professional Socialists and demand self-
iclass) consciousness as a condition
for admittance Into the party."
If the Finnish comrades mean, as
the above Bays, that the Socialist
Parly of Canada should discontinue
requiring a recognition of the class
struggle as a condition of membership,
they have no place Inside our Party,
and they misunderstood what they
were doing when they joined our
Party.
e    e    *
Comrade Pettlplecc recently worked
off a warm roast in the Clarion on tho
wage-worker who neglecled lo register his name on the voters' list, and
classed the non-voting wage-worker
with the lunatics and Indians who are
denied the franchise. "Parm" tried
to shamo some of the slow-moving
wage-slaves Into regsterlng, but ho neglected to heap on the greatest Insult
of all—that the worker who don't exorcise his opportunity to vote Is as
despicable a creature as a woman!
I'll have to admit lhat I cun't understand the position Borne of you B. C.
comrades take on this woman question.    Why, it must be two or three
(Continued on Page 4) TWO
THE   WESTERN   CLARION.   VANCOUVER/ BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4th,  t909,
h him to
Published every Saturday by tbe
Socialist Party of Canada, at tbe Offlce
of the Western Clarion, Flack Block
Basement, IBS Hastings Street, Vancouver, B C
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544
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8ATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4th, 1909,
IN   THE   MARKET.
Society to-day is a huge market
-wherein wares are being' bought and
sold. Over the purchase and sale of
these wares there is constant bickering and strife, often amounting to riot,
at all times a seemingly hopeless confusion. But a closer examination
shows, beneath the confused and unordered surface, certain economic laws
mechanically controlling' all barter and
sale, balancing fluctuations, limiting
variations, directing the movements
of buyers and sellers. By the combined action of these laws the market is governed, while it conforms
more or less closely to' them, they
seem inoperative, but immediately it
is attempted to transgress them, forces
are Immediately brought into play to
reduce the transgressors to conformity.
While it apears at first glance that
the whole process of buying and selling is haphazard and human, that
prices are dependent on accident or
human design, on the greed t:f the seller or ihe close-nstedness of the buyer,
yet investigation will reveal a certain
method and order pervading the entire market, that not only the fluctuations and variations but the very haggling and chaffering are mechanical
and automatic.
The one factor common to all wares
or commodities is the labor necessary
for producing them. On the basis of
labor alone then can they be compared or measured in value one
against another. As labor to-day is
a. social process, that is to say, as it
is the co-operative labor of many Individuals that produces each commodity, we have the axiom that the
exchange value of a commodity is determined by the socially necessary la
bor involved in its production. This
fact gives all commodities a strong
tendency to sell at their exchange
value-
Were the condition of the market
uniform, were there an even flow of
commodities into the market and out
of it, so that the supply would exactly
meet the demand, all commodities
would sell at their exchange value.
But the condition of the market is
never such. The supply of any variety
of commodity may at any time be
greater or less than the demand.
More than that, the exchange value of
each commodity is constantly varying
as, with new processes of manufacture
' and improvements in machinery less
and less socially necessary labor ls incorporated in it, altering its relation
to all other commodities. At the same
time money, ln which the prices of
commodities are expressed, itself a
commodity, Is subject to the same
fluctuations of commodities, rendering the apparent confusion worse
confounded.
So that, Instead of commodities selling at. their exchange value they fluctuate constantly above and below it.
Nevertheless, over the entire range of
the market, and over a period of time,
more or less extensive, these fluctuations cancel and balance one another,
and In the long run, commodities sell,
on tbe average, at their exchange
value.
The fluctuations in the prices of
commodities are of two varieties—
continuous and intermittent. Continuous fluctuations are due to two principal causes opposite in their effects.
On the one hand," Improvements in
machinery and processes of productions, reducing the quantity of socially necessary labor involved in the production of commodities, tend constantly to lower prices. However, despite
the marked improvements in production, prices have sleadily risen. On
the other hand, we have the explanation of this continuous rise In prices in
the second of the causes of continuous
fluctuations, that. Is, the Increase in
the production of gold. Enormous as
has been this Increased production of
gold in late yoars, and great ns have
been the Improvements in the methods
of its production, It may be admitted
that it has been outdistanced In these
respects by other commodities. But a
factor that must be taken into consideration is that, while Other commodities are consumed with at least sufficient rapidity 10 avert an Immediate
glut, yet gold is consumed in hardly
appreciable quantities. With the exception of what Is worked up Into
jewelry, etc., gold practically remains
imconsumed, and each year's production is lwaped en the accumulations of
the ages, so that the rise in prices
really amounts to a decline In the
value of gold so rapid us to offset
the cheapening effect of Improved
methods.
Indeed, this decline would be yel
more rapid were it not for a factor
that In some degree tends to check It.
that is. the practice of "hoarding."
Among .Moslems, to whom the taking
of interest is forbidden by the Koran,
and in countries where the banks have
not attained a degree of apparent
stability sufficient to command confidence, gold Is hoarded and thus disappears from the market, somewhat
lessening the glut. Our bourgeois rulers
and their financial luminaries, absolutely ignorant of economics, seek to
discourage hoarding by various means,
and as nation after nation becomes
more highly developed capltallstlcally
and Its financial institutions assume
more stability, not only will hoarding
lessen but previously hoarded gold will
be thrown on the market, and the decline in gold will be enormously accelerated. So that an even greater
and more rapid rise in the prices of
commodities than heretofore Is Inevitable.
Of Intermittent fluctuations ln price
the principal cause is to be found in
the lelation of supply to demand.
When the supply of a commodity on
the market exceeds the demand, the
price tends to fall, and vice versa.
Owing to the strong upward trend
given to prices by the rapid decline
in the exchange value of gold, these
Intermittent fluctuations may not appear on the surface as a rise or fall
ln prices but merely as an acceleration or retardation of the general upward trend. When "times are good"
that is, during periods of capitalist expansion, the demand for commodities
is strong and prices have an upward
•rend. When the limit of the period
of expansion Is reached and the prosperity bubble bursts, demand falls off
just at a time when the supply ls at
Its greatest and prices receive a downward Impulse; where ...ey do not actually fall, they are at least rise very
slowly or are at a standstill for a time.
Their intermittent fluctuations are
thus periodical.
As all commodities rise and fall in
price practically together, their exchange relation with one another is
not affected, but merely their common
exchange relation with gold.
Taking it all together, it can be seen
how absurd It is to blame the "Trusts"
for raising prices. Actually, trust production cheapens commodities In that
It constantly reduces the socially necessary labor Involved In their production, without which prices would rise
much more rapidly because of the Increased production of gold. Moreover
trusts steady prices and eliminate
minor fluctuations as, producing largely to order, they limit the supply to
the demand to a certain extent. Of
course, as demand becomes stronger
with a period of expansion, they can
command higher prices, but when the
demand falls off they must lower
prices again In order to hold their
sales up to their output. So that, under trust production fluctuations are
minimized and prices of commodities
more closely approximate exchange
values than under cut-throat competition.
of the inward and invisible spirit of
Capital wherefrom all blessings flow,
there ls every reason why our local
capitalists and would-be capitalists, together with their henchmen, satellites,
body-guards and spiltoon-bearers,
should bill him welcome ln large red.
letters and with a display of bunting
carefully calculated to attract sufficient
atiention to their wnres lo reimburse
them for Ihe outlay and leave a margin on the right side of the profit and
loss account.
It Is fitting also that there should be
a lavish display of the Union Jack, the
proud emblem of our world-conquering commercial ability, and the hall
mark that certifies our wares to be unadulterated except by British labor
and by British labor alone, whether lt
spoils a pigtail, a turban, or an odor
of garlic.
LINELESS   FISHING.
Quite a number of suckers were
caught on this coast by wireless telegraph. Now come some ready-tongued
gentry with wireless telephone bait.
Had they had the good sense to advertise liberally ln the Clarion of course
we would have been as silent as the
primeval oyster.   But as It Is, and as{had to <leal wlth sma" Individual em-
some of our newly converted Comrades
may not have sufficiently assimilated
Karl Marx, we rise to remark that If
wireless telephone stock Were a good
thing for anyone but its promoters; it
would hardly be peddled around to the
small investors.
The possibilities of wireless telephony we by no means deny but the
Bell Telephone Company and kindred
concerns may be well relied upon to
take care of those possibilities. In fact
we have a. prophetic hunch that these
very possibilities may turn out to have
some relation to certain moves for
public ownership of existing telephone systems, and we may expect to
see further moves in this direction ln
the near future, of course In the Interest of the public, just as soon as
wireless telephony approaches sufficient practicability to head the present
systems towards the scrap-heap.
In the meantime wireless telephone
stock ls a mighty good thing to leave
alone, in common with all other stock
that Is offered you at a bargain, whether by ordinary undisguised commercial pirates or by the more extraordinary variety who approach under cover
of Comradeship.
If you must speculate, put your trust
ln Providence and your money in real
estate. On the first you don't stand to
lose much, and on the second, If you
buy judiciously, you stand to win. as
both the overproduction of gold and
the diminishing rate of profit are working together to send real estate up.
ADVICE FROM  A  CATERPILLAR.
WELCOME.
On our way to the "rat-hole," we
found ourselves suddenly confronted
with a huge "Welcome" sign over the
portals of one of Vancouver's foremost
emporla. We were about to rush ln
and hypothecate our share of the welcome for a much-needed pair of socks,
when we were Intercepted by an acquaintance, who Informed us that His
Somethlng-or-other, Lord Strathcona,
Royal-Hlgh-Commlsslon-Agent-Oeneral,
or something of the sort, for Canada,
was IT. He had come over his railway, the C. P. R., to visit his terminus, Vancouver, and was staying at his
hotel, the Vancouver, across the street
from his store, the Hudson Bay Co.,
and just a,bove his theatre, the Opera
House.    A truly noteable figure.
Starting his career in the humble
capacity of a Scotchman, he hoisted
himself by his boot-straps to a position where, by industry and thrift (of
others) he finally acquired a huge fortune, a portion of whicli he judiciously invested in the most popular charities, not lei ting his left hand know
what his right hand did except through
the columns of the press. His self-
denial and humility were, however, too
apparent to be kept secret ln this manner, and his grateful country was well
pleased when his appreciative king
raised him to Ihe honor of a knighthood and subsequently elevated him to
the peerage. As he ls now a sort of
Canadian commercial ambassador to
His Gracious Majesty the King, who ln
his turn Is (he outward and visible sign
Friend Puttee is nothing If not amusing. Every little while he Is moved
to voice his dissatisfaction with the
manner in which the affairs of the Socialist Party of Canada are "managed
by Its leaders." As he Is an avowed
non-Socialist, it is not quite clear why
this should concern him so deeply.
Were he even an active anti-Socialist,
we could understand lt as being due
to the necessity for taking advantage
of every opportunity for discrediting
a hostile movement as much as possible. But to be an anti-Socialist calls
for at least a minimum of backbone, of
whioh friend Puttee has never exhibited the slightest vestige,
On the present occasion it is the Do-
caies asserted to be an improved form
of unionism. Upon investigation it
must be admitted to be a most excellent plan, and that is its fundamental
weakness. .It is a plan, contrived by
human minds with all the forethought
and care of which they were capable.
The one essential -to success thai
seems to have been overlooked is that
it should have been a growth;, that Ii
should have been born, not made.
That its existence should not have
been merely devised by human brains
bul dictated by economic necessity.
Craft unions, on the other hand, are
the direct outcome of economic pressure which forces the workers to combine lo secure an. advantage in the
sale of I heir labor power."
In the light of the present develop-
men! under capitalism, the above argument seems to me to be altogether
Inconsistent. We realize thai Ihe craft
union, while brought into being by
economic pressure, has not kepi pace
wilh Ihe changing conditions, and is
therefore becoming an obsolete weapon, and ls of very little value to the
workers at this stage of the game so
long as It remains a craft union.
With the advent of craft unionism
(that Is in recent history) the workers
ployers of labor, but now, the small
Individual employers, having become
combined or eliminated by capitalistic
development.have so centralized the
ownership of the machinery of production, that tbe craft unions are in the
position of small bodies of workers, divided by imaginary Interests, selling
their labor power to a common employer.
Where does the line of demarkation
between things born of economic necessity, and things conceived in the
human mind go. Economic conditions
forced the individual owners of capitalist property to combine or become
eliminated. If such ls the case does
not economic development force the
workers to combine still further than
the craft union for their own protection.
To go further, we may consider the
Industrial Union as a weapon In the
hands of the workers to be used for
their emancipation. We may excuse
Utopians of ,the Blatchford type, for
placing implicit faith in the ballot as
the weapon by which our emancipation
ls to be gained, but what must we
say of students of economics who insist that the bourgeoisie will allow us
to get control of the machinery that
Ihey own, by the very weapon that
they invented to place themselves In
power, and over which they still retain
control to such an extent that In most
countries, not men, but property has
the franchise, which looks to a proletarian as though we will have to
leave Ihe emancipation of the dis-
propertied workers in the hands of the
owners of property
You say it is inconsistent, "because
the I. W. W. seek a betterment of con
dltlons under capitalism, and ls therefore an opportunist and not a revolutionary body; and again, because it
is the outcome of Utplan ideology and
not of economic evolution
Let me quote you from the preamble
of the constitution of the I. W- W.:
"There can be no peace so long as
hunger and want are found among
millions of working people, and the
few, who make up the employing
class, have all the good things of life."
Again, "The working class and the employing class have nothing In common."    Again,  "Between   these   two
Socialist Directory
JP^T Every Load of the Socialist Party ol
Canada should run a card under tllis head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries t'leasc note.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTSE,
Soelnlist Purty of Canada. Meet*
every ulternate Monday. 15, G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 8:16, Vancouver,
B. C.
BBITISH      COLUMBIA     FSOVINCXAX,
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Cnnnda. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. Mt-Kenzle. Secretory,
Box 836,  Vancouver, R C,
ALBERTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate. Monday In
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
ragurding the movement In the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box   647  Calgary, Alta.
MANITOBA      PROVINCIAL      EXECU-
ttve Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. W, James, 326 ilargr&ve St
Winnipeg,  Man.
ONTARIO   PROVINCIAL   EXBCUTTVE
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary, 940 Pape Ave.
G. Colombo, Italian Org., 224 chestnut St.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, HO. 1, 8. T. OP
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Hdgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 88(1.
.  ,,_  „       ... , ,. ,,     classes a struggle  must  go on  until
minion Executive s resolution on the    ,,  .,     . ,, .      7. ..
 „,. „   „   _.„ .,        ...   .,    .  _  _   all the toilers come together on the
question of affiliation with the I. S. B.      „,,   , „      ,.    .   .   . ,„, „„,,,
...i,i„i,  h.    ...     , _., ..,     , .        ,       political as well as the Industrial Held,
which has provoked him Into unbur- '   , , ,        . .   ,, ,.   .    ,, .  .,
i„-i^„ i,i_ „„,#    1    ,u      ai.    1 ,      , ' and take and hold lhat which they pro-
denlng himself    In Ihe editorial col- I      .",.,,,,..        . ,
umns of the "Voice" of a criticism of'auce by their labor through an economic
us impossibllsts that ls, for Puttee,'orl^nlzatio"l °f the working c ass
almost harsh. The occasion Is worth, ; wlthou,t afflllatlon wlth any polItlcal
of note, as it is the first time for a' 1>al'ty'
very considerable period that the edl-1 ! am not &olng *° endorse everything
torlal columns of the Voice have con-! 'hat is contained In the foregoing, be-
tained anything so radical as an opln-'C8Use ' cannot see how the workers
ion. j are going to come together on the po-
We do not know on what grounds he | l"lcaI and Industrial field without a
can expect to be taken seriously, un-1 political    party;    however,    I    think
less on account of the fact that he
once graced the halls of legislation
with his presence, and upon the
strength of his widely known and brilliant record of achievement on behalf
of Labor while there.
We capnot quite see how, as a non-
Socialist, his opinion on the manner
In which the internal affairs of the Socialist Party should be conducted can
count for very much, unless lt be as a
pointer on what to avoid. For it ls
clear that when our actions meet with
the disapproval of non-Socialists we
are likely to be nearer the mark than
when they meet with their approval.
However, we doubt if Puttee means
any harm. Let us at any rate be charitable and assume that God or some
olher responsible party made him an
ass and he must therefore bray.
AS  TO CONSISTENCY.
Dear Comrade Editor: —
Your editorial re Comrade Stirton
of the "Wage Slave," while claiming
lhat he Is inconsistent, seems to me lo
be th" embodiment of Inconsistency,
and that possibly accounts for (lie last
paragraph of the article, which may
be taken as an explanation of the article. I notice you say re Industrial
Unionism:
"Industrial unionism Is by ils advo-
there ls sufficient evidence contained
In what I have quoted to prove that
the I. W. W. Is intended to be a revolutionary, and not an opportunist organization.
I do not think you will deny that the
minds of men are governed in their
action by the environment of the individual, and the thoughts of men are
the reflex and outcome of economic
conditions. Is not the Socialist movement born in the minds of men, and
advanced as the only solution of the
problem now confronting the workers?
Is It not the outcome of the action of
economic condltlns on the mind; or
did some star-gazer discover it writ in
the stars like Daniel saw the writing
on the wall? Is not also the Industrial Union born in the minds of men
through economic pressure? Is not organization absolutely essential to success? If so, apply your economic reasoning to the problem, and you will
arrive at the conclusion that the Industrial Union is the consummation of
the Marxian slogan, "Workers of, the
World, Unite."
You say, "While we are not Inclined
to place any too great value on the
ballot Itself, the opinion behind the
ballot counts, and will manifest itself
in any olher ways that may be necessary when the occasion arises," and
I agree with you.   Still, Is it not pos-
I.OCAI. VANCOUVER, B. 0„ NO. 45. FINNISH
—Meets every second aud fourth Thursday In
the mouth at 151 Hastings St. W. Secretary,
Matt Manilla.
LOCAL VICTORIA, NO. 9,  ■. T. OT O.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building. 1319 Government   St.    Business    meeting    every
LOCAL ROSSLAND, No. 36, B. P. OP C
meets In .Mihers' Hall every Sunday at'
7:80 p. m. A. McLcml, Seoy" P o
n°x, °',4- Jtossland Finnish' Branch
meets In f'lnlandcrs' Hall, Sundays at
l&° ,P' "V A' £obbl0' Sec>-" P- "Box
766 Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL   PORT   MOOOT,  B.   C,   NO.   41.
5:,-1 1 °—business meetings first
Sunday in each month. J. V. Hull
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
LOCAL hkinck RUPERT, H C -Meetsevery
Sunday at 8 p. in., on  the Street corners nud
various hulls. J u, King, Sec.
LOCAL LADYSMITH NO. 10,  S.  F.  OP
C. Business meetings every Suturduy
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Williams, Sec, Ladysmith, H. C
LOCAL HHIILIN, ONT., NO 4 S. P. OP C—
meets every second and fourth Wednesday
evening, at 8 p.m., 55 King St. easl opposite
Market Hotel. II. Martin, Secy. 61 Weber St.
east.
LOCAL KELSON,  B.  T.  07  C,  MEET*
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. c. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL FHOEKIX,  HO. 8, 8.  P.  OP 0.,
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Matt Halliday, Organizer
H. K. Macinuis, Secy.
LOCAL OALOART, ALTA., HO. 4, «. T.
ot  C.    Meetings   every   Sunday   at   8
* p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block.
Eighth Ave. B. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room, McTavish Block.
817 Second St. E. Opposite Imperial Ho.el
Freds Faulkuer, Org., Bo* 647; J. Glbbs
Secy., Box 647.
LOCAL BELLRTPR, AXTA., KO. IS, g.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COLRUAM.     AXTA.,     HO.     «.
Meets every Sunday night ln the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m.    Propoganda LOCAL BDMOsTTOX   ALTA.   m   1   a
TheaVj!8     6Very     SUnd°y     St     8rand      "     Of ™Me^*V*   Th^'rsdfyl't*
Theatre,
las   Mcludoe, Secy
ment St
Room  1, 1.119 Goveru-
LOCAL  VAVAXlfO, MO.  3,  ■.  P.  of  0.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. .Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock!
Jack  Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box  828.
LOOAL   FERRIS,   a,   P.   of  O,  HOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:48. Business meeting first Sunday ln each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, 8«c Box  164.
LOCAL  BRUSHWOOD HO. 9, ■. P. OP
C, meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
Tern.
LOOAL VERHOH, B. C, HO. 38, S. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
in Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary. Vernon, B. C.
LOCAL REVELSTOKE, B. ft, HO. 7, B.
F. of C. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m.. the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Qaymau,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
p.m., ln Trades and Labor Hall,
Fourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach.
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
LOOAL WIimrFEO, *. P. OF C. KRAD-
quartera Klondyke block, comer of Pacific
sad Kiug Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.    W. Cummlngs, Organ
izer.
Jas.   W.
street.
Amer,   Secretary, 336 Maryland
LOCAL TOROHTO,  S. P. OP C HHO-
lish   Branch. Business    meetings
first and third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St, W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St
Speakers supplied on shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
Lyon, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL  COBALT,   HO.  9,  8.  P.  OP  O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall, Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley. Secy., Box. 446.
LOOAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   HO.
~"      " " "n   Labor   Hall,
-.   1.   ft
F. of C—Meets ln Labor Hall. St
Dominique atreet, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Ilenequarters No 1 St. rharles Uorromee 6t
Otto Jahn Secretany, 528 Chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Columbia
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sandon
DISTRICT ASSOCIATION   NO. 6.
President
Vice-President
Secretary-Treasurer
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
No.      Name
Meeting
Night
Pres.
Sec'y.
r O.
Box
Add.
Atlln   	
Camborne ....
Orand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Hedley   	
Kaslo   	
Kimberly   ....
Lurdeau   	
Marysvllle
M. & S. U.
Moyie   	
Nelson    	
Phoenix   	
Rossland   ....
Sandon   	
Sllverton   	
Slocan   	
Texada	
Trail M & M..
Wed
Wed
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
no I ran
86 Vmlr
Sat
Sat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Mon
Wed
C. Oairns.
Wm. WInslow James Tobln
12
Patrick O'Connor [W. E. Hadden      M Grand   Forks
Charles Birce Geo.   Heather ton
C. Bennett T.  H.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews.. H. T. Rainbow....
joe Armstrong 'A. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. Lundln    IJ.  Hays  ....
Malcolm McNeill*. James Roberts.
Paul   Phillips F.Phillips
  'W. A. Plckard.
R.   Sllverthorn.
J. A. McKinnon..
L. R. Mclnnls...
Robert Malroy...
Blair Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh..
Wm. Hesketh  .      .
IA  nurgess |W.  B.  Mclsaac.
Ceo.^'nsey	
Ia.   Shilland	
■'red Liebscher..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
|F.   D.   Hardy.
35
10C
294
r: 1
K
S3
DO
8S8
377
606
Discovery
Camborne
Greenwood
Hedley
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Marysvllle
Moyie
Nelson
Phoenix
Rossland
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
Van Anda
Trnll
Ymir
stble that that same opinion Ib now Intelligently wjrklng to make the position of the proletariat absolutely EC-
cure In the revolution, knowing full
well the futility of a mere expression
of opinion (which term'I apply to tke
ballot) against capitalism.
Yours in Revolt,
"CUB."
C    PETERS   Practical Boot
u. muid aH. Shac iiaKar
Hand-Made Boots and  Shoes to order la
•11 styles.   Repairing promptly aud neatly
ly done,    stock of staple ready-made
Shoes always ou hand.
«56 wi.tMlxtir«.»«.
..'e solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Prellminaryadvice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion 8t Marion, New York Life Bldg,
Montreal: -md Washington. U.C„ U.S.A.
NEW SOCIALIST GAME
"T»i Glass Struggle" KVtofibsnst
0SABUB B, M«i « 00., Ill KlsslaftrMt, OUwgo, ni
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Jes  tshdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"Tyokansa"
Box 197, Port Arthur. Out.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelea sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan,
MaVtaa ilnootttin, $1.50 vuoslkerta
"Vakalauka" Maksaa, $1.15
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
PARKER WILLIAMS
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphone
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C.
L SATURDAY,  SEPTEMBER  4th,  1909,
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOL\TER.   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THREt
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports.of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  836, Vancouver, B. C.
SECRETARIAL.
Owing lo lack of funds, the B. C.
Provincial Executive hns been compelled to call In Organizer Harrington
for the time being. When sufficient
funds, have again accumulated in the
treasury, it is proposed lo send him
on the road again. In Ihe meantime
Comrade Harrington hns secured a
purchaser for his labor power In Vancouver. Comrades having any mall for
him are requested to forward same to
Box 83G, Vancouver.
« t   *
We understand that Comrade W. D.
Haywood contemplates a tour of Ihe
Dominion. Locals wishing dates
should notify this office. At present a
tour is being arranged for him by way
of the Crow's Nest Pass to the main
line, thence to the Coast. Southern
Alberta Locals wishing dates should
communicate at once with Goo. Casey,
Box 421, Rossland, B. C.
*   *   *
In reference to the resolutions passed by the German and Jewish branches
at Winnipeg, lt might be suggested
that these Comrades are getting oil a
little too soon. So far from having arbitrarily disposed of the question of
affiliation with the I. S. B., the Dominion Executive has made no attempt to
dispose of the matter, nor is it its
function so to do. In response to enquiries on the subject, the Committee
has stated its posltlln ln the matter.
This the Committee Is surely entitled
to do, nor does lt appear wherein the
arbitrariness of such action lies. Were
the Committee to have affiliated the
Party with the I. S. B., without the
consent of the membership, ln view of
the known opposition to such a step,
it might with reason have been accused of being arbitrary, or were lt to refuse to affiliate when instructed to do
so by referendum or otherwise. Up
to the present the matter has never
been decided one way or another. No
referendum has been taken, and none
has even been proposed. As ln all
matters, lt Is open to any chartered
Local in good standing to move for a
referendum and to forward their re
quest through their Provincial Executive, If they have one, or direct if they
have not. It would be as well for them
to Incorporate In their resolution some
suggestion as to In what manner the
affiliation fees and dues are to be
raised.
*   *   •
It seems rather ridiculous for members to get their backs up at the Dominion Executive tor venturing an
opinion. We surely are as well entitled to that as they are. The correctness of that opinion Is rather adduced to by the fact that nobody has
yet volunteered a valid reason why
this Party should affiliate with the I.
S. B. Those who are so eager for affiliation should certainly be well
enough posted on the subject to inform us of the advantages that would
accrue to the S. P. of C. through such
affiliation.
In the meantime it might be in order to suggest that there are much
more pressing matters calling for the
consideration of the Party membership, and more advantageous channels
for the expenditure of Its funds and
energy.
From Comrades John Rivers, Soln
tula, and Jas. Alexander, Atlln, and
from Organizer Harrington.
Organizer Harrington laid off till
further notice.
Warrants ordered drawn for Clarion,
August card, $1.00; printing, $1.50;
Organizer Harrington, balance due,
$37.70; secretary's August salary,
$16.00.
Receipts.
Vancouver, supplies and second
convention assessment  $38.00
Nelson, stamps       5.00
Prince Rupert, stamps     2.20
Sointula, stamps      5.00
Gibson's Landing,' stamps     5.00
Vernon, stamps      2.00
Hosmer, stamps and buttons...   15.00
Okanagan Campaign Committee,
receipt books      1.50
Courtenay, charter      5.00
Total    $78.70
RESOLUTION.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE.
Meeting August 30th, 1909.
Present—Comrades Klngsley (chair,'
man), Karme, Mengel, Morgan, Peterson and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Charters granted Locals Moncton,
N. II, Aylmer, Ont., Reglna, Sask., and
Courtenay, B. C.
Correspondence dealt with from Ontario, Manitoba, and Alberta Executives.
From Locals Winnipeg (German and
Jewish), and Brandon, Man.; New
Flnnland and Harris, Sask., and Innls-
fall, Alta. From Organizers Gribble
and O'Brien.
,s  Receipts.
Alberta Executive   $25.00
Manitoba Executive     10.00
Moncton, N. B., charter      5.60
Regina, Sask., charter      5.00
Harris, Sask., stamps      1.50
Brandon, Man., stamps      1.00
Clarion maintenance    37.00
Whereas Local Toronto called upon
Ihe Dominion Executive Committee to
establish proper relations with the I.
S. B. (Art. IV., Sec. C, Constitution of
the Socialist Party of Canada), which
is the organized expression ot the historical call: "Workers of the world
unite," and which is the recognized
world power of the political and class
struggle, Socialist movement, and
which also has ln its midst world
known and recognized authorities on
Socialism;
Whereas a question of such great
importance must be decided by a general vote of the Party membership;
Whereas the Dominion Executive
Committee, tendering the unjust decision against the International Socialist Bureau without asking the consent
of the majority of the Party members,
ls a breach' against the international
and democratic nature of our Party
and Constitution (Art. IV., Sec. 1, a, c
and d.);
Be It resolved that we, the members of the Jewish branch of Local
No. 1 of Winnipeg, Man., at its regular meeting unanimously regret the
action of our Dominion Executive Committee;
Be it also resolved to ask the Dominion Executive Committee to recall
their   resolution   regarding  the  International Socialist Bureau and submit
same to a general vote of the mem
bers of the Socialist Party of Canada;
Be it also resolved that our resolution  to be published  In  the  Western
Clarion, Cotton's Weekly, The Voice,
and other Socialist publications.
Yours for the Socialist revolution,
H. ZALTZMAN,
M. WAISMAN,
Resolution Committee.
A. SUSSMAN,
Sec-Treasurer of the Jewish branch,
S. P., Local No. 1, Winnipeg.
$85.10
Warrants ordered drawn for Clarion,
August deficit, $64.35; card, $1.00;
postage and expressage, $4.00; secretary's August Balary, $15.00; Organizer
O'B'rien, $50.00.
ap-
B. C. PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE.
Meeting August 30th, 1909.
Minutes  of  previous  meeting
proved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Prince Rupert, Sointula, South
Salt Spring, Gibson's Landing, Vernon,
Nelson, Rossland and Hosmer.
RESOLUTION.
Whereas, the D. E. C. ln answer to a
letter from the I. S. B., inviting the
S. P. C. to affiliate with said Bureau,
adopted a resolution, In which said
committee strongly expresses itself
against Ihe affiliation with the I.
S. B.;
And whereas, Ihe Constitution of the
S. P. C. makes lt a duty for D. E. C.
to entertain proper relations with the
Socialist Parties of the world. (Art.
IV., Sec. 1, c.)
Whereas, further, this decisive step
has been undertaken by the D. E. C.
without submitting the question to a
referendum vote of the Party and is
therefore unconstitutional and mosl
autocratic;
And whereas, by this repulsloa of
the question of affiliation the 8. P. C.
ceases to be an International working
class movement, and comes ln direct
contradiction with our motto: W. of
the W. unite, consequently will assume a more and more national character, and therefore doomed to obliteration;
Be it resolved, that we, the German
branch of the S. P. C. In Winnipeg,
emphatically protest against the step
taken by the D. E. C. In regard to said
affiliation, and that we immediately
take the necessary steps, according to
the Constitution, to submit said question of affiliation to a referendum vote
of the Party.
This resolution, adopted at our regular meeting held on the 22nd of August, to be published in the Western
Clarion, Cotton's Weekly and the
Voice.
E.  KRAEMER,
Chairman.
JOSEPH KUN,
Secretary.
MARITIME   ORGANIZATION   FUND.
Previously acknowledged  $87.80
Toronto Local, per J. Stewart..     5.00
ROSCOE
Albert, N. B.
$92.80
FILLMORE.
STIRRING UP MONCTON.
Dear Comrade:—
On Saturday, August 7th, I received
a telegram from Organizer Gribble
asking me to meet him in „loncton
where he intended opening the campaign that evening. I at once took
the train, arriving late In the afternoon. Found GHbble talking to the
lady comrades (he's nn awful lady's
man).
At about eight o'clock we opened up
on the street and quickly secured a
good audience. At the close of Ihe
meeting, after making an appeal for
subs, for the Clarion and Cotton'B,
Gribble entertained (?) the crowd by
singing the International. While the
people stood enthralled by the melodious sounds, Comrade (Miss) Levy
succeeded In securing several subs.
The next day, being that devoted to
prayer and praise of the fellow who is
responsible for our continued existence in this "vale of tears," We rested
and spent the day at the home of Comrade Mushkat, where -we were royally
entertained,
Monday evening found us at the
same old stand. Miss Mushkat gave a
good talk and Gribble was in fine
form. A fellow who had been drinking Peruna (Moncton is a Scott Act
town and so "dry" that even the sidewalks are cracking) kicked up a muss
but subsided when threatened with arrest. The crowd stuck like leeches
and they certainly received the
straight stuff without paint or whitewash.
Having advertised the fact that a
hall meeting was to be held on Wednesday evening we expected a good
crowd. Upon arriving at the hall, however, the audience was conspicuous by
its absence. We immediately adjourned to the street and rustled up a
crowd. Made so much noise that people came ln to get rid of the noise on
the street, I guess.
Miss Levy presided and introduced
Gribble in a very neat little speech.
This comrade will make a grand fighter some day. Just watch for her
name ln history.
Gribble spoke on "Socialism and the
Socialist Movement," and traced the
history of Socialism from its Inception
to the present. He was followed by
Miss Mushkat, who talked on "Woman's place in the Socialist Movement." At the close of the meeting
five comrades signed the application
for charter. So Local Moncton, No. 5,
of N. B„ came into being and a bit of
history had been  made.
The next evening we held our farewell service. Gribble was exceptionally good and he showed up the efforts of the masters to keep Ihe lid
on in line shape. Proved that wars,
militarism, patriotism, etc., are merely incidents in Hie struggles between
rival capitalists for foreign markets.
Miss Mushkat also spoke.
The next day we left Moncton, very
regretfully, Gribble to take up the
work In St. John and I to return home.
We had a fine time while there and
will not forget the Moncton campaign
for many a day. Have just heard that
Moncton Local has a new member,
making the number six.
Yours in revolt,
ROSCOE A. FILLMORE.
Albert,  N. B.
O'BRIEN   REPORTS.
highly of the hard work he was doing
for the movement. When he ls caught
up in the Maritime every effort should
be made to get him west on an organizing and lecturing tour.
While in Moose Jaw, I drove with
oilier Comrades about ten miles to
visit Comrades Mrs. and Mr. A. E.
Hardy, who used to be ln Grand Forks,
H. C. Clarion readers will remember
his letters dealing with the blacklisted
corporation slaves and his experience
trying to win a homestead. With a
baby only three months old, ihey went
on the homestead. In six months they
only saw one woman, that was on
Chlrslmns Day. Now she ls cooking
for a gang of about 35 men; he Is
working as a laborer for the city of
Moose Jaw. I wish either Comrades
Hardy or Stewart would tell the Clarion readers how well the cows and
horses were housed as compared with
these men.
We had a good meeting. Moose Jaw
has the best posted and most promising bunch of Comrades I met in Saskatchewan. I cannot do justice in this
article to all the Comrades I met, but
here Is another. He used to lecture
and organize for the Populists. Later
he did a like work for the Socialist
Party In the Dakotas. If frost or hall
does not ruin his crop this winter, he
is going to visit and get acquainted
with some of the Canadian Comrades.
I have never heard him speak publicly, but he has a very good grasp ot the
movement, and I believe he will deliver the goods If the Comrades will
arrange the meetings. He ls not a
millionaire, so collections will have to
be taken to cover expenses. For further Information, write S. E. Haight,
Swift Current, Saskatchewan. He Is
four miles from town, about 65 years
old, but full of vigor. The following
Comrades took out cards as members
at large, and paid dues until tbe end
of this year:
S. E. Haight, Swift Current, Sask.
W. B. Downing, Milestone, Sask.
W. W. Jones, Alameda, Sask.
As this is the first attempt at general organized effort in Saskatchewan.
So few people scattered over such a
large territory,the expenses were large
and the receipts small, but I think It
was worth the effort. Now I can map
a route and furnish names and addresses of reliable Comrades. Next effort
ought to make the receipts larger than
the expenses. I had to disappoint
many Comrades ln various parts, who
I trust will be visited by the next Comrade who tours the province.
Total   transportation   while   In
Saskatchewan    $98.55
Total hotel expenses    93.10
Total sundries       7.50
BRANTFORD,  ONT.
$199.15
Receipts.
X. Battleford   '.% 8.00
Harris     14.50
Ulondin         2.25
Moose Jaw        9.25
Santaluta       2.00
Menzles         6.00
Harris       2.25
Regina       4.10
Total $48.35
I neglected to mention a very good
meeting in Saskatoon.
C. M. O'BRIEN.
HAYWOOD AT  PHOENIX.
Dear Comrades,—
Since leaving Manitoba I addressed
17 meetings In Saskatchewan, and
niuile the acquaintance of a lot of flue
Comrades. When my throat was all
in 1 chanced lo meet Comrade W. B.
Downing, a wealthy farmer and land
owner. I accepted his Invitation lo
visit Mni at his farm near Milestone,
and rest for a few days. He treated
me as only a wealthy Comrade could
do. We had a rousing meeting before
I came away. Also met several other
Comrades.
While driylng across cointry from
Outlook to Saskatoon, I visited the
Menzles Local. One farmer, not a
Socialist, with whom I was riding on
the rear ot his wagon as he was going
for lumber, told me that four years
ago Root from the U. S. and Jensen
from Denmark were the only Socialists In this part; now nearly all the
neighborhood are Socialists. He
thought some of them, because of their
deep study, were now in advance of
Root and Jensen. He was one of the
opponents, but he told a Comrade we
met ln town that day that he too was
going to join.
I could not go to Wiggins, where
Comrade Abbott and others are spreading economic truths. I visited the Harris Local, where the Blondin family,
with a good many others, are doing
good work. I drove through Tessler
at midnight, so did not meet our old
Comrade, Wm. Nesbitt.
The Trades and Labor Council arranged a meeting for me in Reglna. A
number of Comrades signed up for a
sharter. When the court refused us
'.he use of the streets, we went to the
market square and had several very
;ood meetings. There I met Comrade
PelerBon, who some twenty years ago
vas the Socialist nominee in Mlmie-
iota. I also met Comrade A. Collins of |
\mherst, Nova Scotia. He had just'
irrived on the harvest excursion. He!
:new Comrade tlriliiile and spoke so
Editor Clarion,—
Phoenix is keeping well to the front
In carrying on the work of spreading
the gospel of Socialism. Last Sunday
alght we had the good fortune of having William D. Haywood address a big
meeting In ihe .Miners' Union Opera
house. Haywood is a forcible speaker,
ind for two hours he held the close
attention of his audience, the class
struggle In the west was his theme,
ind was nandled ln a masterly way.
Those who still believe in tbe "identity of interests" between capital and
labor, will find some food for thought
ln the facts presented by a man who
spent the best years of his life in an
endeavor to beat back the rising tide
of class oppression In the west. A labor organization that does not have to
fight for its existence might as well be
dead, for it Is either a harmless ornament or an adjunct of the master.
The courts, militia and other institutions of capitalism received a scathing criticism, which was all too true.
Comrade Haywood has a definition of
a detective which does not yet appear
In the dictionary, but which will with
the addition of a few more adjectives,
be considered a mild description of
these gentlemen.
If the working men would once
awaken from their sleep of indifference, the infamies of capitalism would
be a thing of the past. If labor is willing to stand divided at the ballot box,
a repetition of past experiences may
be continually looked for. Blind prejudice holds many a worker In the
mental condition thai makes him an
easy prey to those who profit by his
Ignorance.
J. M. I.
Brantford had a visit from a labor-
leader laBt week. A Mr. Trotter, who
ls engaged by the labor unlonb of
Canada to represent their Interests In
the Old Country. He gave an address
before the Trades Council here, on the
"Alms and Objects of the Trades Congress of Canada," and spoke of his
own "mission" to Great Britain, too.
Probably the sight of a couple of Socialists distributing Clarions and canvassing for subs, for same encouraged him to bring out the soft-soap
and taffy. Al all events he proved
himself to be a labor-skate of the
smoothest type, and that's saying a
lot, for they are certainly a smooth
bunch. Probably to conciliate the few
Socialists present, Mr. Trotter advised his hearers to "read the papers
that they had received. Don't burn
them."   How very thoughful of him.
He went on to tell us how he hobnobbed with J. Ramsay McDonald, M.
P., and J. Kelr Hardie, ln Vancouver,
B. C, when these "leaders" took their
world tour "Investigating conditions,"
as If they hadn't any conditions to investigate at home.
But to return to our Mr. Trotter.
He next trotted out a list of 16 reforms
upon the beauties and virtues of which
he held forth for an hour fit more.
Eight-hour working day! Minimum
wage! Abolition of prison labor!
Compulsory education along British
lines! etc. Verily, wonders never
cease.        '
At the close of his oration he was
asked by a comrade present: "Why
did he use the word "British" ln connection with education? Was there
nothing worthy in education ot the
Spanish, Swedish, French and German
working class that was admirable and
commendable?
But Mr. Labor Faker Trotter replied that he used just what words he
pleased. He made his own speech to
suit himself and if necessary he could
repeat it all backwards! Whereat
the assembled "followers" of his
cheered him to the echo. Quite convincing, wasn't it?
He spoke about a man being entitled to a "living." Upon being asked
by a Socialist ln the hall If a worker
was not entitled to the full product of
his labor, Mr. Labor Skate hummed
and hawed and began to go all the
way round Gibraltar to get to his destination. But he was pulled up short
and bullied into a reply. "Is the worker entitled to the full product of his
labor? Yes or no?" "Why, yes, of
course he Is," finally replied the faker
At this point some of his "followers"
(God help us!) interfered to prevent
any more questions being put.
Mr. Trotter then volunteered the Information that when he spoke of education along British lines he meant to
teach the foreigner the English language! He even quoted Charlie
O'Brien out of the Clarion that \ had
given him to make It appear that
O'Brien was in favor of such education along British lines! Ye gods and
little fishes—enough to make Charlie
turn over in his prison cell In Reglna!
When tackled about his string of
reforms, after the meeting, and questioned about the three and one-half
million dollars that the Typos of the
country had spent In Industrial action,
and whether the money could not be
better spent In educating the workers
to the necessity of capturing the powers of government, this leader of labor
displayed the fact that he was the
owner of the neatest and most shifty
side-step that ever a labor decoy duck
owned.
Among other things he said in order
to convince me, that I regarded myself as the "Simon Pure" of Labor.
You bet I do! Called me a scab because I was not a member of any association to boost the price of labor-
power. And his labor-peddling followers were a trifle confused at it all.
But one thing is plain above it all,
I can go and take subs, for a revolutionary Socialist paper under his nose
at his "reform" meetings, and I'll defy
blm or his breed to come and Bell a
labor fake paper at meetings of the
Socialist Party at Canada.
WM.  DAVENPORT.
Jfcere and 7/ow
By "LEEDS"
HAYWOOD IN  NELSON.
What te Read on Socialism
liy GbarleB u. Kerr, Editor uf the international
Socialist Kevin*. Klitlitr beautlfullj printed
pages, with man) ijurtntiu ot socialist writers.
Includes a slmpl«, concise wtiitenient of tbe principles of socialism. One copy free on request.
10 mailed (or Wei 1U0 lor I UK); 1,001) fnrMo.OO.
CHARLES H. KERR A CO.
153 Klrule Street, Chloago. III.
Comrades,—
W. D. Haywood spoke In Nelson on
Aug. 25th. to one of the largest audiences ever gathered together here,
and he certainly understands the situation and the goods are delivered without any frills. The man that hears
Comrade Haywood speak and then
tells you he does not understand Socialism, Is a good object to side-step;
he Ib too strong In the back and weak
in the head to waste ammunition on.
The working men In this locality are
pretty well awake to the situation,
and when the next election comes
around we are determined not to be
the tail to the political kite any long
er. The working man Is learning his
Strength and where to use lt.
Working men, while nol bo sure as
bullets, Ihe ballot I
and try it milled,
we stand together.
Will you do it?
Yours in revolt,
- s-.^er; try It first
Nothing so easy If
The game Is ours.
I. A. AUSTIN.
Have you ever noticed! the wrong
ideas and impressions we get from
reading the capitalist press? Society,
for Instance, Is divided by the present
system of producing wealth, into two
classes, the working class Is the name
we give to one of these classes, so as
to distinguish it from the leisure or
non-working class. Now, funny as It
seems, we never hear the non-workers referred to as being lazy, but we
often read of the lazyness of the work-
fug class. Just think of the working
part of society being the lazy part!
This is but one of the many curious
contradictions Inherent In capitalist
ideals. But lt is one reason why we
should read and study the Socialist
press, so as to correct the erroneous
ideas we have unconsciously assimilated from our masters. This little paper you are reading voices tbe true
interests of the CLASS WHO WORK
and you make no mistake Jf you use lt
as a chart to lead you to a correct understanding of why production for profit deals so hardly with the producer,
and to the only correct action the
workers must take If they would free
themselves from the clutches of the
robbers. The Socialist Party asks you
to educate yourself—to do your own
thinking, and study out this problem
for yourself. Begin now by forwarding one dollar for a year's subscription,
to Box 836, Vancouver. B. C.
* *   %
The pledge of membership ot  the
Socialist Party of Canada sets forth
so clearly the position of the Party
that lt is hard to understand how It Is
that many persons subscribe to Its
principles without being in accordance
with them. It would be well It the next
convention of the Socialist Party was
to consider and adopt some more stringent method In regards to new members joining the organization, so as to
keep out those whose presence In the
Party through lack of understanding
are a source of weakness, if not ot
danger to the movement.
• • •
It will be regularly moved asd seconded ln B. C. before very long "that
henceforth Labor shall write the
laws." You will be able to vote for
the motion providing you have seen to
lt that your name ls on tbe voters'
list.
I     «    s
Bill Haywood, "the undesirable citizen," Is now ln the Boundary district,
and has addressed large meetings ln
Phoenix, Greenwood and Grand Forks.
Tune up your town for the coming elections by getting up a meeting for
him. See that your Local gets ih
touch at once. A telegram or letter
to Comrade Geo. Casey, Box 421, Rossland, B. fit., will start the ball rolling.
Now is the time to get busy before the
hirelings of the two old parties have
befuddled the worker with their "ls-
Bues," etc.
• *   •
Comrade W. Davenport, Brantford,
Ont., pops in with a three-bagger and
asks for another rustler's receipt
book.
• *   *
Two yearly subs, for the "brain mover" from Enderby, B. C, per Comrade
J. J. Johnson, "the kicker."
• • •
Three yearlles and three half year-
lies are added to Vancouver's list this
week by Comrade Lestor.
• •    •
If you  have never  sent in a new
reader to the Clarion, now is the time
to begin. One each arrives from the
following Comrades this week: P.
Mundell, Nelson, B. O.J W. J. Gib-
bens, Vancouver, B. C.j John Mclnils,
M. P. P., Phoenix, B. C; C. J. Cox,
Langley, B.C.; Abe Karme, Vancouver,
B. C.J Sophia Mushkat, Moncton, N.
Ii.; John Staples, Cloverdale, B. O.J
W. Wrlgley, Toronto, Ont.; S. Moen,
Kimberley, B, C; Ed. Wilkinson, Nanalmo, B. O; E. Grandln, Toronto
Ont.; Peter Garvle, Port Essington,
B. C.
When the farmer had no wheat to*
sell the price was high; now when he
has the wheat, the price goes down.
That Is how the capitalist market
takes it out of the "free and Independent" farmer. Ifryou like it, stay with
the two old parties; it matters not
which of them, and you will continue
to get soaked.
* si    •
Whenever possible the voting slave
must be given a chance to say which
he likes best—poverty or plenty.
There Is but one way of giving him
a choice, and lhat is by putting a
FULL SOCIALIST TICKET in the
field ut every election. Again, It may
he asked how are your election funds?
* •   «
The capitalist class are busy these
days driving the slaves to revolt. The
mission of the Socialist Party is to direct this revolt along legal lines.
* *    *
The workers of Pittsburg voted for
Hilly Talt and "something now." They
are getting lt, but they do not seem
to like It.    What's wrsng? FOUR
THE  WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER.   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
8ATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4th,  1909,
From Overseas
Who can enter Belfast Lough on a
bright summer day and, viewing from
the upper deck of a steamer the me
tropolis of Ireland, surrounded by Its
beautiful hills of rich green, not feel
the emotion stirring within them.
We had left the rugged coast of
Scotland early in the morning and by
noon Belfast, the emerald of an emerald isle, hove in sight. Ranged along
the wharf we beheld for the first time
Innumerable jaunting cars, and had it
not been for these we could readily
imagined ourselves In some American
city, so striking was the resemblance
between the architecture and manner-
Isms of the two countries. Indeed it
would be difficult to say which country
had copied the most from the other,
for many things were Irish-American
and others again American-Irish.
The ride from the wharf to the hotel was made ln a jaunting car, a vehicle which resembles a dog-cart on
high wheels, with Beats facing outwards, and looks just a little bit risky
to ride upon. However, when one gets
seated thereon, all fears are allayed,
and the ride was such a novel and delightful one that we wondered why the
jaunting car has not been universally
adopted the world over. We got accommodations at a hotel which had a
continental name, boasted of a French
chef, employed German waiters, advertised an American bar, and kept an
Irish porten We certainly felt as if
we had gotten into a cosmopolitan
place.
A saunter about the centre of the
town gave us a favorable impression
of Belfast, for the city has a population of some 300,000 inhabitants and
the business portion of the city is
rather imposing. At every turning we
came across the American flag displayed in front of business houses, and it
kept us guessing whether this lavish
display of the Stars and Stripes was
done for commercial or fraternal reasons, as the American tourist is much
in evidence in Belfast.
Donegal Square is the centre from
which every moving thing in Belfast
radiates, and situated therein ls a
magnificent city hall and municipal
buildings in up to date style, delighting
the eye of the visitor. The trams are
all double-decked affairs, and our next
move was to get atop of one of these
and take a ride to outlying parts of the
city. Luckily, or rather unfortunately,
the tram we boarded went through the
poorer parts of the city, and It was
then that we began to notice that there
were a great many stores, houses and
shops shut up or to let and the terrible
ravages of capitalism or landlordism
became painfully apparent.
Closed up houses and buildings in
a large city like Belfast denotes that
something Is radically wrong somewhere, and one marvels that the root
of the evil has not yet been discovered by the majority of the people, it
seems that the city haB been racked
with religious strife In the past, and
a divided people have fallen an easy
prey to those to whose Interest it is
to keep the fires of hatred and intolerance burning. Even now, though
all seems serene and calm from outward appearances, the citizens live
over a smouldering volcano of cross-
beliefs, which threatens in the future
to spread strife and desolation throughout the land. We noticed many signs
posted above the entrance of dwelling
houses which read "No Surrender,"
and the reader can readily surmise
the full significance and meaning of
this phrase.
A Baunter through the part of the
city which is Inhabited by the working
class was a most distressful and depressing affair, as one could not help
but notice the great amount of want
and misery that was everywhere apparent. Some of the dwellings of the
working claBS resemble the Philadelphia style of architecture, as they are
two story houses, built In long rows,
and all after the one pattern, which
give the whole surroundings a monotonous appearance. These houses,
while of recent construction, are exceedingly shabby in appearance, and
ihe sign of the "gray wolf" is over
each door-post. About the less favored streets, the less said the better, as
old fashioned houses mingled with dire
poverty makes a desolate picture. Unemployment is rife amongst the working class and ln consequence many
bare feet and ragged garments are
seen, especially, amongst the youngsters, who form a most numerous part
of the community.
Aside from the mercantile pursuits
of the city, the 'chief industry of Belfast is the manufacture ot linen and
ships, and it is here where Harlan &
Wolff's big shipbuilding yard Is located. At present these yards are supplied with some work, but lt ls far below the average of past years, and
from what. I can gather, the outlook
does not soem to be any too bright for
the future. The linen, tobacco, and
kindred manufactures are also very
quiet, and as these industries are largely manned by female and child labor,
the wages paid out by them are consequently very low.
Lack of time prevented me from
studying the "movement" very closely,
but I saw enough of it to convince me
that progress is being made, and that
Ireland is not without a class conscious proletariat. Of course mountains of work still remain to be done,
and as born fighters, our Irish Comrades are doing fine work and certainly making headway. They have much
to do to combat reactionary influence,
but despite this they are gathering
into the movement some of the very
best material and are laying the foundation for the dawn of a brighter day
in the land of the Harp and the Shamrock, in which the capitalist and landlord will be an unknown quantity and
the working class become truly free.
Yours for the Revolt,
ROBT. E. SCOTT.
Belfast, Ireland, Aug. 5th, 1909.
NOTHING TO DEBATE.
Dear Comrades,—
In the Socialist Party, that part of
it at least which covers the eastern
portion of the American continent,
there is something more than a mere
tendency to remove Socialism from
the factory to the "circumlocution offlce," that is, to change it—and the
working class posture with it—from a
plain grub and stomach proposition, to
a sort of an hypothetical stake, around
which is being alternately wound and
unwound, the "arguments" and objections of every varying shade of freak-
dom, from the "arguments" of Roosevelt to those of Bishop Spauldlng.
The Socialist vote took a nice healthy drop in the last national campaign,
due of course to an ignorance of the
meaning of a working class political
movement; yet does it not prove, after all our years of puffing, hunting after more votes by pandering to the
pure and simple unions and altering
our platform so that they may not be
offended, and being "nice" to every
freak and fraud reformer that comes
along, that we have not even the sympathy of the workers?
There is something wrong with a
Socialism that does not interest the
workers; something wrong also with
the mental make-up of these pure and
simple "intellectuals" between Chicago and New York who are trying to
convince the master class that they
(the masters this time) should step
out of the way because, claim these
"intellectuals," Socialism Is really scientific; they will even debate the proposition with the masters. Now ain't
that fair?
I am glad to see that the Party out
there in the West is free from those
freaks who suppose there may be an
argument against the proposition to
overthrow capitalism. There can be
but one well-founded argument against
our position; it comes from the camp
of the enemy. Let no ex-sky pilot or
"professor" try to modify that objection with explanation; lt is unanswerable; it will last as long as the work-
era are disorganized on the economic
and political field. When we are organized on these fields we will be
right—even if we are "wrong."
E. J. HIGGINS.
Philadelphia, Pa.
tive and analyze it. for yourself. Did
Shakespeare write his plays for the
sake of gain? Did Milton write his
poetry for sake of gain? Did Jennings
Fulton, Stevenson, and many others
produce their inventions for the sake
of gain? No, certainly not; they all
died practically poor men. If there
had been no money in the world at
all, these plays, poems and Inventions
would have come to the light of day.
Take what this being calls incentive
and you have lt in the word gold,
nothing more or less, and ln his tiny
brain there can be no other conception of the word.
Has this human misfit no conception of the meaning of environment?
Does he not understand that: given
conditions, and men, will produce ln
a few generations either the highest
type of human being or a beast, the
latter takes a much shorter period in
Ihe manufacture.
Now if a writer intends to make a
scene or situation in a story, you
would naturally infer that he would
study a similar situation in real life,
if he did not, you would call him a
fool. Now, the average writer studies
everything else in his story, but gives
never a thought to the study of Socialism. Would it not be better for
the author, and, also for the readers
of his stories, to drop the subject of
Socialism until he has a slight introduction to it.
JUNIUS BRUTUS,
In the Voice.
SOME CENT BELT COMMENT.
(Continued from page one)
BOWSER'S   REPLY.
MAGAZINE   WRITERS   AND
SOCIALISM.
We notice a tendency among magazine writers from time to time, a tendency to introduce a fraction of
Socialist talk among their characters,
and ln ninety-nine cases out of a hundred the figure in the story championing the present system gets the
best of lt. This ls what Socialists
call putting up a man of straw and
pulling him to pieces. Reading a
piece of fiction In one of the leading
magazines a short time ago, by one
of these literary hacks, one character
In the story ls made to say: "Why
should I have to work for any other
man and receive only a portion of
that which I produce?" Now the author's character instead of answering
this question, makes reply as follows:
If you did not have to work for
some other man, it would destroy Incentive in the world, because all
would be satisfied with their present
state of life." Again, he makes the
first character in the story Bay: "Why
Is lt that all the drones, failures, and
lazy people are poor?" and this Is
supposed to be a solar plexus for the
advocate of Socialism.
Now, in the first place, this literary
grist mill displays either his absolute
Ignorance of the philosophy of Socialism and is an Individualist, aptly
described in the following. A man
who admits that be steals from his
fellow man, and also admits that other men higher up In society steal from
him, and expects at some time or another to sneak In a steal that the other fellow will not get hold of. In the
second Instance, he is acquainted more
or less with Socialism and ls a paid
advocate of the capitalist class to defend their loot, and consequently Is a
a mental prostitute.
Take what this hybrid calls incen-
That Magistrate Williams is serving
the interests responsible for his appointment is corroborated by Attorney-General Bowser's letter to the
central body, in which he tells organized labor to go to hades, though the
exact terms are worded as follows:
"After giving the matter (resolutions
from unions and the central body) of
your resolution every consideration
and looking into the merits of the
cases referred to, I cannot come to
the conclusion that it would be in the
public Interest to dismiss the police
magistrate, and, therefore, cannot accede to your request." If the wage-
earners of Vancouver have as much
sense as the Creator generally provides for little geese, they will, at the
very first opportunity, elect the attorney-general to stpy at home.—R. P. P.
That the decisions of Magistrate
Williams in sending innocent country
lads to jail for six months wllh double
leg-irons for the heinous offence of
sleeping In a C. P. R. box car and allowing an imported thug strikebreaker to escape with thirty days for murderously assaulting an aged man, are
satisfactory to Attorney-General Bowser and the Conservative government
of this province is proven by the curt
refusal to dismiss a man who Is without of human sympathy and who has
violated every tradition of manhood.
May the working-class of this city
and province deal with the Conservative government at the next election
as they would with Williams now.—
Wage-Earner.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Vernon, B. C, Aug. 21st, 1909.
D. G. McKenzie, Secretary:
Dear Comrade,—
The proposal of our Finnish Comrades has occupied I.ocal Vernon on
three successive meeting nights. Their
proposition met with some strong support, but as a whole was defeated at a
smally attended meeting by a vote of
six to one. Still the Local was not satisfied with a mere vote, so It was decided that In the opinion of Local 3S
that the present Platform is written
in such language that only a fairly advanced Socialist could explain the
meaning of it. It was resolved that in
view of the scientific terms used in
the Platform, which make lt unintelligible to the average citizen, that the
matter be brought before the next Dominion Convention to attempt a plainer wording or the addition of an explanation. The various clauses ln the
proposed Platfrom were taken up and
discussed, and many of them were
shown to be ridiculous and useless, but
it was pointed out by the opposite side
that our members ln parliament fight
along these lines. In tbe end the debate arrived at the Political Demands.
Clauses 6 and 7 were sat upon as not
being Political Demands. Clauses 8.
9 and 10 were accepted as being of a
strictly advantageous nature to the
wage earners and farmers in their
struggle for emancipation, and it was
resolved that they were worthy of a
place ln the Platform of the Socialist
Party of Canada.
I have tried faithfully to report our
discussion of the matter. Personally,
the language of the booklet ls far from
being diplomatic. Our Finnish Comrades should set us a better example
ln this respect, for within our ranks
there is a deplorable tendency to use
abusive and antagonistic language. I
one time escaped being "run in" (before I was a Socialist) by being polite
and ever since I have thought it the
right way.
Yours for Socialism,
GEO. W. PiTERSON,
Secretary Local 3S
How is your Local's election deposit
getting on?
months since I saw some would-be
funny man work effi (over a nom de
plume) a crack at the woman's department some comrade suggested establishing In the 'Clarion a few months
ago. And I see "Mc" still allows
"Leeds" to run a sub. department, in
addilion to keeping up his own party
news section, both of which cater to
certain classes of readers. Necessity
compels making the paper interesting
to party members and sub. rustlers,
and some day, I suppose, it will be
equally necessary to do something to
encourage an increased interest
amongst the voteless women of the
working class.
• *   *
I have been Instructed by the English branch of Toronlo Local to issue
a warning through the Clarion for
comrades to beware of a so-called
Socialist named "Oddy," who recently
visited Toronto and other places In
Ontario as a representative of Cotton's
Weekly. This Individual hit up a number of comrades for various sums, one
big-hearted St. Thomas comrade being
hit for twenty-five bucks, while a London comrade narrowly escaped a
larger "touch." Comrade Faber has
sent a similar warning for publication
in Cotton's Weekly.
It's pretty safe for comrades to go
slow about becoming enthusiastic over
rangers unless they come with the
best of credentials and are well-known
workers in the movement. Toronto
has had several lessons of this sort
during the past year. About a year
ago a speaker drifted into town and
was rushed onto the soap-box and then
out on the road as an organizer. He
left a record which stands as a warning against similar haste. Then a fellow came along with a pocket full of
clippings about himself and an out-of-
work comrade was touched for a loan
on a "waitlng-for-a-remltttance" story.
Then more recently this fellow Oddy
came along and without presenting
any card, butted onto the floor at business meetings so frequently that he
had to be given a call. And during
the past week another arrival from the
East succeeded in getting on the soapbox without showing credentials, and
handed out a lot of stuff which caused
the speakers class to get busy and
try to give him some economics. Then
when the same "comrade" was asked
for his card and found that he could
not do as he liked at the branch meeting, he grabbed his hat and left us to
get along as best we could without
him.
It would be hard lo find a more
warm-hearted lot of comrades anywhere than the bunch of young Englishmen who now predominate in the
active work of the Toronto movement,
but experience Is teaching I hem to rely upon themselves and be chary of
the new-comer who forces himself Into
the limelight.
* *    *
It is quite a while since I've used
any space in the Clarion and I've
touched on several subjects pretty far
removed from each other. I'll close,
however, by reproducing a clipping
from a recent Issue of "Popular Mechanics":
Burled Alive.
Prince Ilrussov, In his "Memoirs of
a Russian Governor," writes of an acquaintance, one Von Rohren, a very
kindly man, who liked to tell sometimes of his presence of mind and his
police ability as demonstrated on one
occasion at his former post. He was
once called upon to be present at the
execution of a Jewish criminal. The
condemned man hung the required
number of minutes, and was taken
down from the gallow, when the physician was supposed to confirm his
death. But it appeared that they had
forgotten to cut off the Jew's long,
thick beard, thanks to which, although
the noose had deprived the man of
consciousness, it had not killed him
"Imagine yourself In my position,"
said Rohren; "the doctor told me the
Jew would come back to life In five
minutes. What was I to do? To hang
him a second time I held to be Impossible, and yet I had to execute the
death sentence." "But what did you
do then," I asked, and received the
memorable answer: "I had him
burled quickly before he regained consciousness!"
The above being published without
comment, and apparently as a good
joke, Illustrates how low the capitalist
press has sunk.
G. W. WRIGLEY.
Toronto, Aug. 20, 1909.
Clarion  Maintenance Fund.
Previously acknowledged   $105.00
Revelstoke    5.00
South Salt Spring  5.00
Cape Breton  5.00
Gibson's Landing   5.00
Calgary   6.00
Innlsfall     6.00
E. Johnson  2.00
B. J. L  1.00
G. S  1.00
(Moses Bellyache)  1.00
Clem Stubbs  1.00
T. C. Woods  1.00
Total
$142.00
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership ot the means of produetlon, consequently all the products ot
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
Bo long as tbe capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies ln tbe direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by tbe abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery ot the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker ls rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of tbe power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure It by political action. This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with tbe object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, ot capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property ot the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry
by the workers.
3. Tbe establishment, aa speedily as possible, ot production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and everywhere until tbe present system is abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party ls for it; if lt will not, the Socialist Party ls absolutely
opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed ln its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
50c per year
Two for a dollar
SPECIALLY FINE FOR PROPAGANDA  WORK.
Six months 25c.
Published at Cowansville, P.O.
IP YOU HAVE
UKRAINIAN
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"Robotdiyj Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
/      50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.        'Winnipeg, Man.
The works of Spencer, Inger-
soll, Huxley, Darwin, Blatchford,
Paine, Haeckel, Laing and other
great writers. By mail for 25 and
50 cents.   Send for catalogue to
The People's Book Store
1142 Cordova St. W.
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
^^^^^^^^^^  Copyrights Ac.
Anyone sending a sketch nnd description may
(.titckly ascertain our opinion free whether an
Invention ts probably patentable. Communications strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patenta
sent free. Oldest apency for securing patents.
Patents taken tlironuli Munn A Co. receive
aprcUit notice, without charge, In the
Scientific American.
A hail(1 somely HWintrntM wppkly. Laruest cir-
culattoti of nnj- rfciontttln Journal. Terms, 93 a
year; four montbi, ft Sold by all newsdealer".
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To Locals five for $2.00.   Apply to your
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Vancouver Local 357. 556
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
Iflif you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
installing the gae pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.

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