BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Western Clarion May 11, 1912

Item Metadata

Download

Media
wclarion-1.0318861.pdf
Metadata
JSON: wclarion-1.0318861.json
JSON-LD: wclarion-1.0318861-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): wclarion-1.0318861-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: wclarion-1.0318861-rdf.json
Turtle: wclarion-1.0318861-turtle.txt
N-Triples: wclarion-1.0318861-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: wclarion-1.0318861-source.json
Full Text
wclarion-1.0318861-fulltext.txt
Citation
wclarion-1.0318861.ris

Full Text

 WESTERN
OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
-    MAY 11 1912   °'V
CLimiON
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS Of THE WORKING CLASS ALONE
"lUMBER 667
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, MAY II, .^12
Subscription Price Al   mm
vim vi:ik      Ql.QU
WORKERS, WHY NOT CET
F  DIVIDENDS YOURSELVES?
Has the question ever crossed your
mind as to the origin of dividends
(surplus value) which is reported as
having been made at the end of a
joint stock company's fiscal year?
A dividend is an amount of money
remaining on hand after paying all
expenses of running a business, including wages, which is divided up
among the persons holding shares in
that particular concern, who are termed shareholders. In other words, dividends are nothing more or less than
that amount of money or the equivalent thereof which has been stolen
from the wage workers who do all
the necessary work In connection with
the business.
For instance: A railroad company
at the end of their fiscal year, declare a dividend of thirty or forty million dollars to be divided up among
the stockholders in proportion to the
number of shares that they hold.
Where does this huge amount come
from?
Just take a trip along the lines of
this company and see how the men
who are repairing the track, building
bridges, tunnels, etc., are getting along.
They work hard for nine hours a day
at $2.50, eat the plainest of food cooked and dished up by a Chinaman, for
which $4.50 per week 1b charged, and
as for their shelter, why that consists
of a box car filled with bunks and
just room for a man to pass between
them. Thirteen or fourteen men are
thus cooped up in one car and the
yoor beggars have not even room to
put their socks away, so they hang
them on wires stretched across the
top of the car. So much for the outdoor men.
Now let us turn to the offlce. Here
we find a large number of clerks,
who have to dress smartly and are
earning anywhere from thirty to one
hundred dollars per month—one hundred dollars being considered a very
good wage in this line of business.
Over these two classes of wage
workers we have foremen and managers, who are nothing .but wage-
slaves themselves, but being a little
better off than the average man, they
cannot see the point. All these men,
managers and foremen Included, receive a wage ln return for selling
their labour power to the company.
They are employed to make profits for
ttye owners of the railroad, and the
more overstocked the labour market
is, the lower the wage goes, which In
turn increases the surplus which is
divided up among the owners at the
end of each year.
Now, how long are we workingmen
going to stand tor these idle people
riding On our backs? Don't.you think
it would be better for us to own and
operate all railways, steamship lines
and factories, so that they can be run
for the benefit of those who take part
in operating them, instead or for making profits to be handed over to those
who do not know what a day's work
is like?
Think this over and on reading reports or balance sheets of the different companies, just ask yourself the
question as to how these dividends
were obtained, nnd to whom they are
going, and it will not be long before
you realize that such a systom must
go, and wish to know more about It,
which is the starting point for the
making of a Socialist.—F. L.
 _	
In my travels I have seen habitations, called homes, that was not fit
for a pig to live in. I have been
trying for a good number of years
to get to a city where the working
class were fairly well housed. Vancouver looked good to me, and although In this city 6 months I thought
I had at last struck a city where
the workers were fairly well housed,
but since taking part in the distribution of leaflets, I have been convinced that Vancouver has far worse
housing facilities than any other city
I have ever Bjruck. I can show to
anyone advocating single tax more
working class families living on one
lot and paying more fabulous rents
for their huts than In any other city
of Canada.
"There can be no revolution without
a reason."
LOCAL VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatte
WHO WOULD DO DIRTY
WORK UNDER SOCIALISM
This question is frequently put up to
Socialist advocates by our argumentative friends with an air of. now I've got
you floored. While we do not pretend
to answer any such question, we can
always give the questioner some idea
of how to work it out for himself.
Let us. make here an analogy between two men, one a judge of the
judicial courts, the other a driver of
a scavenger wagon. The former, under the present system, attends to
his job for about five years at a salary
of $10,000 a year and then is retired
on a salary of perhaps $5,000 a year
for the rest—oMiis natural life and
at that society could have gotten
along quite nicely without him.
While tho latter, the scavenger driver,
he tolls for about forty-five years at
a' wage of perhaps $500 a year till
he ls worn out and then, the scrap
heap for him and he has been a useful member of society for all those
years, ln fact, society could not get
along without him. Under a co-oper:
ative commonwealth the workers, having become conscious of their own interests could, if they so willed, reverse
all this and give to the garbage driver
a good living and a competency for
old age and to the judge his choice of
going to work at something useful or
starve to death. Judgeship would be
unnecessary, that ls, what we would
call dirty work, and no one could be
found to do such service. The garbage work-could be made clean and desirable, just as the judge's position Is
today. All undesirable work could be
made desirable by the limitations of
the time of service and the relative
compensation. . T. H. E.
INCOMPLETE RETURNS
OF VOTE SUBMITTED BY
FEDERATION OF LABOR
Compilation By B. C, F, of L. Executive Overwhelmingly Endorses Socialism.
At a meeting of the executive committee of the B. C. Federation of Labor, held tn Vancouver last Sunday,
tho returns received to date, of the
referendum vote asking for a pronouncement upon the endorsation of
the Principles of Socialism, were tabulated, and ordered printed In The Fed-
eratlonlst. The result so far follows:
Union— Yes.   No.
Bricklayers & Masons Inter- .
national Union No. 1, Van-  \
couver     (>0     14
Molders, Vancouver     82      3
Brotherhood of Painters, Local  138,  Vancouver     45       3
Machinists,  Beaver No.   1S2,
Vancouver        21       4
Plumbers    &    Steam-Utters,
Local  170,  Vancouver     31      21
Cigarmakers Union No. 357,
Vancouver      27       0
Tlle-I-ayers   &   Helpers,   Lo-
calw,2,  Vancouver     29     12
lukory & Confectionery
Workers, I.U.O.A., Vancouver      26       3
lonrneyni'.n Rarbers, International Union of America,
Hillcrest     18       7
Vnncouver Trades  &   Labor
Council        53       8
I'rtlern   Makers'    Assn.,    of
Vancouver     15       2
Vancouver,   B.   C,   Building
Trades Council       18       4
United Brotherhood of C. &
J., Local 617, Vancouver..    65     13
International   Assn.   of   Machinists, No. 436 Victoria..      6       3
Victoria laborers' Protective
Union, Victoria       19     33
Victoria   Trades   &    l.abor
Council        20      8
Victoria     Building     Trades
Council        16      0
Bartenders' Local 814, Victoria      0      28
United  Brotherhood of Carpenters   &   Joiners,   Ix>cal
Union  No.  1848, Victoria   3!)       15
Amalgamated    Sheet    Metal
Workers, I .ocal Union 134,
Victoria        15       1
Painters' Union No.  5, Victoria        14     31
New Westminster Trades &
Labor Council       11     13
Cigar MakerB' Union No. 486,
New Westminster        5      12
United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners of Amer-
HffffV New Westminster... M 2
United Mine Workers of
America, Ix>cal Union 2388,'
District 28, Ladysmlth... 86 9
Kimberley    Miners'    Union
No.   100,   W. F.ofM     30      0
Sandon  Miners'  Union,  No.
81, W. F.ofM....     14        0
Michel    Local    Union,    No.
2334, U. M. W. of A   489       1
South Wellington Local,  U.
M. W. of A     23       0
Kootenay Lodge I A. of M.,
Revelstoke   -......'     10      0
United    Mine    Workers    of
of America, Hosmer .. 163      7
Sllverton Miners' Union No.
»*>, W. F. of M     99     32
Total  1488   289
The most contemptible form of
prostitution Is that of the man who
sells his brains to debauch popular
intelligence.
WHAT IS CAPITAL ?,™-TffiK5E
Capital As Defined By Our Learned Professors, and
the True Definition By a Socialist.
Some clever person dubbed political
economy "the dismal science." This
'notion has kept many people from
studying this science, which when
understood is as fascinating as any
other science. Previous to the time
of Marx this epithet was merited, for
political economy waB a patchwork of
guesses. But Karl Marx brought system out of chaos and his immortal
work "Capital" placed this science
upon aB accurate a foundation aB
mathematics.
The average professor of political
economy tells his unsophisticated
students that capital is eternal and
that It has existed from the time man
was a savage. Non-Socialist economists have all kinds of explanations
regarding the nature and origin of
capital, but none of these explanations explain anything. They simply
make confusion worse confounded until the average person gives up in
disgust.
One professor tells ub that any tool
man uses is capital. Thus he would
have it appear that the naked savage
was a capitalist because he cracked
nuts with a stone. He neglects to
tells us that man inherited this trick
from the monkeys who were also ln
the nut cracking business and it ls
only right that monkeys should be
credited with being the original capitalists. But, objects the professor,
this Is not exactly what he means.
His idea was if the savage lent hie
stone hammer to another savage and
received some nuts in return for the
loan It stamped the savage as a capitalist. A fine distinction indeed in
view of the fact that savages and
barbarism held all property in common ami shared their products In
common Hue brothers.
Another wise head insists that
stored-up labor is capital. According
to this the bees, who store up honey,
are accumulators of property and
should be called capitalists. It's too
bad the professor does not go further
and say that the reason the bees
store their honey is because they Intend some day to sel it to other bees
and in this way realize a profit on
their capital-
Still another tells us that capital is
wealth which is used to produce more
wealth. This includes all useful or
ornamental articles which are exchanged for articles which are worth
more. Thus if a man owns a watch
and exchanges it for a diamond ring,
he ls a capitalist, provided the ring
is "worth more" than the watch—in
short, provided he cheated the other
fellow at the bargain.
And so the learned upholder of the
present system, by all manner of subterfuge and sophistry, try to dig up
all possible explanations of capital
except the real one. The real explanation Is hardly expected of them, for
that would give the whole game away
and this would result in a few of these
gentlemen losing their jobs.
Lands, tools, raw materials and articles of consumption may be capital,
provided they perform two functions.
I'lret, they must be used to rob the
worker of his product. Second, the
product must be sold at a profit. Unless Foclal conditions are developed to
'lie point where things perform these
wo functions,.they mo no more capital then the bow and arrow of the
nilif.n' or the stored up honey of the
l.oes.
Hearing In mind that a thing cannot be capital unless It exploits the
worker by aeparatlng him from the
•irorluot of his toll, we can readily
understand that capital could not exist
until conditions were ripe for exploitation to take place. To talk
about capital during primitive days
Is mere buncombe. In the savage
tribe, land, tools, weapons, etc., were
simply means of production, not capital. Caves, tents and huts were used
for Bhclter, not to exact rent. Nuts,
tubers, flBh, venUon, domestic animals, etc., were articles of use, not
objects for sale. These things were
not used to exploit any class and
therefore they could not be capital.
In the days of antiquity, when commerce began to be developed, we see
a form of capital known as financial
or money lenders' capital. This capital was used by the .merchants and
consisted In buying as cheaply as possible and selling aB dearly as possible,
thereby making a profit. No other capital existed. Neither was this merchants' capital used to exploit the
labor of free workers, as all labor
then was slave labor. The small land
owners, to whom a failure of crops,
the death of a horse or cow or a war
meant a great loss, soon became the
prey of the money lenders. Money, as
a commodity, was used to make a profit in buying and selling, and to realize
more money by loaning to those in
'need. In short, In those days commerce ruled industry just as today Industry rules commerce.
During feudal days, the serfs and
craftsmen owned their means of production. The serfs owned the soil
they tilled and the craftsmen the tools
and materials of their respective
trades. Thus they could not be aB
mercilessly exploited as the "free"
laborer of today. Gradually the
towns began to Increase by the acquisition of fugitive agricultural and*
trades serfs. Markets expanded,
towns prospored and this, together
with the discovery of gun-powder,
which made the mailed knight ridiculously uselesB, compelled the nobility
to seek safer and easier methods of
living than robbing and waylaying
merchants. They began to cut down
their vast estates, thus throwing a
larger number of  laborers Into    the
towns. This compelled an expansion
of manufacture and so the merchant
class became, by force of economic
evolution the pioneers of modern capitalism.
The present system of capitalism is
distinguished by the fact that it is
based upon the exploitation or robbery
of labor. During feudal days, the merchant class robbed the small land
owner while the nobles robbed the
merchants, while today both of these
unite in robbing the workers. By
owning the land and the factories,
mills, mines, railroads and steamships
this small class not only compels the
vast numbers of workers to labor for
them, but to give up a greater part
of what they produce to them.
Capital, as we see It today, Ib divided by Marx into two kinds. Constant capital which consists of raw
material and machinery and variable
capital which embraces the labor-
power of the workes. The raw material and machinery would be useless and could not be classed as capital unless the hand of. the worker
sets the machinery into motion. The
worker today differs from the worker
of feudal times by the fact that he is
completely separated from his tool
and is thus absolutely at the mercy
of the capitalist. In fact, machinery is
bo perfectly developed that skilled
labor ls ho longer essential, so that
women and even children can run the
machines.
Labor-power is the most important
factor of capital. The capitalists buys
labor-power, which is stored up in the
body of the laborer, at the market
Labor-power differs from constant
capital In that the capitalist does not
price just like any other commodity,
have to figure on the coBt of renewing it or of its wear and tear—lt renews and reproduces itself automatically. When raw materials are used
up or when machines are worn out or
Improved ones installed, the capitalist
must charge this up on the finished
product. But when labor-power is
worn out, through old age or sickness
of the laborer, there are plenty of
unemployed to take the place at the
same or reduce the market price and
wnen- labor-power is completely used
up through the death of the laborer,
there has been a crop of young workers generated to jump Into harness.
It is no wonder, then, that the capitalist bitterly fights any attempt to
improve labor power. He will spend
millions on improving raw material and
machinery, but not a cent on labor-
power.
When the capitalist invests in variable capital—labor-power—he must
figure on three things. First, he muat
get a return on the raw material and
machinery purchased. Second, he
must get a return on the wear and
tear of machinery. Third, he must
get a return on the market price—
that, is the wages—"ae pays for labor-
power. These three values jfrust be
created by the workers during the
process of labor. But if the worker
simply produced these three values
and stopped working, the capitalist
would not receive a profit. He would
be merely reproducing the three
things the capitalist Invested in, but
this would do the capitalist no good—
and capitalists are not in business for
love. Something else must be produced by the worker in the work that,
will give the capitalist a profit on
his investment. Thar something is
surplus value.
Surplus value ls the open sesame of
the capitalist mystery. It solves the
whole riddle and makes the robbery of
labor by the capitalist appear so
plain that if a burglar saw It he
would be ashamed of himself. It Is to
the Imperishable glory of Karl Marx
that he cast the searchlight of his
genius Into the den of capitalism and
showed how the workers were being
sandbagged of their wealth. ln the
next lesson we wlll take up the
theory of surplus value and develop
It In detail.
Wc have learned from this lesBon
that labor creates all wealth. That
while the capitalist Invests In raw
material, machinery and labor-power,
these thingB would he or no profit to
him unless labor created something
over and above these values. That
labor in the work process not only
pays the capitalist back what It cost
him in materials, machinery and
wages, but hands the capitalist surplus wealth In such enormous quantities that the capitalist can revel in
the  unlimited  luxuries.
ThlB lesBon also brings home the
fact that modern capital has been developed to such an extent that the
capitalist class has become superfluous and when a class becomes superfluous Its doom Ib sealed. Nnture
eliminates all useless organs, and human societies, following organic evolution,  tend to  eliminate all  useless
(* 111 KJ4PS
When the feudal baron lived In his
fortified castle governing the serfs
who lived on his estates and donning
his armor to sally forth at the head
of his men to protect them, he performed a useful function and therefore thrived. But as soon as the
towns developed and became strongholds capable of defending themselves
the nobles were no longer needed nnd
they betook themselves to royal and
ecclesiastical courts where they became alienated from the nation. They
became a parasitic or useless class
and from that moment . they were
doomed as a ruling class. Capitalism
had no use for the nobility unless
they became capitalists, which many
of them did In Belf-preservatlon.
(Continued on Page Three)
MUST BE ABOLISHED
Study profit and you will begin to
see how Its ramifications reach every
channel.of your lives and how lt affects them. Consider but this one
thing. If every able-bodied man of
intelligence on earth devoted himself
to the production of some useful thing
for his own benefit or to be exchanged'
for other things necessary to protect
and preserve life (for these are first
essentials) and each demanded a profit, or a difference between what his
work cost him in labor and the excess
what the result would be. You would
have each striving for the impossible,
for it is perfectly evident that to obtain this profit, each would have to
take from the other more than he
gave, and as the sum of all the labor
would be 100, how could there be
more than 100 in the exchange? But
this profit Bystem has been introduced
and what is the result? The majority
have lost In the exchange. More than
100 there cannot 'be, yet this system
has given to a few 90 per cent of the
labor of the many. Clearly, no matter
how we may disguise the fact, profit
is but another name for robbery —
that and no other. ■
The time is coming, must come if
we are to progress, when a right' understanding of this subject will revolutionize all governments of men on
earth and when the prophesy, "none
shall build and another inhabit," will
be fulfilled.' All men wlll receive the
full measure of value for afl' their
labor; the surplus then of all labor
will spell plenty for everyone, not
luxury for the few. Lyman Abbott
said recently: "There have been three
conceptions of human relations, autocracy, individualism, fraternalism.
We are now entering on the third
epoch, fraternalism. The study and
teaching of this and similar doctrines
is Socialism. The subject is boundless and Includes in its consuma-
tion not only the physical well being
of the race but its mental, moral and
spiritual salvation. When men shall
begin to understand that the secret
of progress in individual, state and
nation is not in taking but in cooperating with one another,, then and
only then will they see the light. To
further this,' we must study environment and all tbat it means. The present environment is the result of the
profit system. Man is what he is, as
the result of environment. A few
make an environment to suit themselves, the majority are subject to it;
and we may not close our eyes to thlB
fact. That one man has more natural ability than another is no stumbling block to Socialism; that, too,
is largely the result of environment.
He would simply have to work less
to produce an equal result; clearly
an advantage, since time Is the only
factor that should enter into a discussion of comparative values. Another
thing, doing away with the profit system, besideB preventing taken advantage of one another, would tend to
equalize the value of the products of
all effort so that exchange would show
nitle balance In tavor of any set of
Individuals or nation. Endeavor would
be stimulated as men saw the possibility of getting full value for full
value and by giving the fullest rein
to opportunity. Adulteration, shoddy and all forms of Inferior production would be abolished, since none
would have anything but the best.
Manhood would be enhanced by throwing each squarely on his own responsibility and the desire of all men
to bo Independent of one another,
could not fail to produce a universal
type of such superiority as haB not
yet been furnished in history.
WORSE THAN REACTIONARY.
FARMER'S INTEREST    S
SAME AS WACE-WORKER
By Cldye J. Wright.
The apparent spontaneous outburst
of Socialism is to be accounted for ln
two distinct ways: The seeds of So-
lallst thought sown In the past are
Just bursting through the soil and on
the other hand the corruption In established polltlCB Ib piling up a vote,
not because The voter knows that So-
lallsm Ib so good, but because he is
sure that the old party lines are so
bad.
An Impossible agitator is responsible lor a part of this fictitious vote;
he has led Impulsive men by sensational stories and glittering word pictures to believe that some secret
known to the Socialist by which a
majority vote would unlock the door
of the millcnlum and the co-operative
commonwealth would fall Into place
like a manna from heaven.
The vote cannot and dare not he
headed off; but the belated propaganda of organization and politics
must be promoted with all possible
speed.
. A dreamy element whd have not
foreseen that Socialism Ib seizing the
Socialist are yet to be woke up to
the need of extreme haste In organizing to prepare for and to take caro of
victory that is being thrust upon us.
We must measure our movement by
quality as well as quantity or we will
find ourselves delinquent.
It is worse than reactionary to be
deficient in political action, and organization Is the first step. You can
refuse to pay dues, and you can refuse
to help study and plan politics—all
this you can neglect—but unless yiu
do rally to this matter you can also
defeat Socialism.
Just as the ownership of the means
of production which the worker must
use, enables the capitalist class to -
hold him in subjection, so does it give
that class the mastery over the farmer, for into the hands of capitalist
property he Ib compelled to surren- \
der his products. In this light the
farmer stands out as a wage-worker
thinly disguised as a property-owner.
The farmer, too, appears sometimes
in the dual role of employer and
worker, but this does not affect his
status nor change his Industrial character any more than the employment
of a "backhand" places «a coal miner
in the ranks of the capitalist. Moreover, as the miners have learned to
their cost the "backhand system" has
been the means of cheapening the
cost of production of coal to the capitalist owner, by speeding the miner
to greater efforts; so In a similar manner the ownership which the. farmer
is permitted to retain serves as a whip
to lash htm on to greater effort and
makes him a more Industrious and
consequently a more productive worker.
When the farmer has his grain in
the bin and his cattle or pigs are
rolling fat, he is in a position to say,
"These are mine. I own them," whereas the wake-worker cannot lay any
claim to the things which are the result of his labor. The wage-worker
sold his power to produce; the farmer's labor-power ls crystallized in the
grain, pigs or beeves. The dissimilarity, however, Ib only in appearance, foF
the actual position ot both Is this:
They are both in possession of an exchange value—something to sell—the
farmer his grain, etc., the wage-worker
labor-power. The farmer cannot satisfy his wants unless he succeeds In
converting hla articles Into other commodities or their equivalent, money
(just like the worker with his labor-
power). To effect this our farmer
must take his goodB (like the worker) to the capitalist owner of the
machine and surrender them and he
receives in return an amount that on
the average serves to keep and reproduce him as a farmer. It may be
asked: "To the owner of what machinery Is the farmer compelled to
surrender his product?" To the capitalist owners of the storage machine,
the elevator; to the capitalist owners
of the transportation machine, the
railroads; to the capitalist owners ot
the financial machine, the banking
system. The modern farmer must
recognize that the possession of these
social institutions are as necessary a
part of his farm equipment as his
plow, his wagon or his binder; and
that he is at the mercy of thoBe who
do own them. But their very magnitude and character demonstrate the
Impossibility of the farmer ever owning them himself, desirable as it is to
be relieved from their oppression, and
from this oppression he does not alone
Buffer. It-is visited on every member
of his class—the working-class. His
duty is with the other members of
that class to wrest, these essentially
social industries from the capitalist
class and make them Instruments of
service instead of agencies of tyranny
—to just change the character of their
ownership—to transform them from
capitalist property to social, or collective property.
WHAT THE LAW  HOLD8.
Have no illusions as to what the
ownership of the capitalists is based
upon. It Is not founded upon labor or
service. You ought to know that fact.
It is not based upon any principle ot
equity or justice. It ls based purely
and wholly upon certain paper titles
which the Law, the great institution of
Law. recognizes as valid. How these
paper titles were obtained—whether
by perjury, iorgory, fraud, force or.
theft—Is of no concern In the majestic
eye of l.aw. The sufficient thing is
that they are LEGAL TITLES. Over
and over again, the Supreme Court of
the United States has declared this in
plain language. In a noted decision,
the late Justice Brewer declared that
lt was Immaterial how an owner got
his property. "He may have made his
forfane by dealing In slaves, as a
lobbyist, or in any other way obnoxious to public condemnation, but if he
has acquired the legal title to his
property, he Is protected ln Its possession, and cannot be disturbed until
the recolpt of the actual cash value."
-^Gimtavus Myers In May International Socialist Review.
"The ox knoweth his stall, and the
ass his master's crib." PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY,  MAY 11, 1912.
THE ISBN UON
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Parly of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor T-.-mple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
■POST OFFICE ADDRESS, LABOR
TEMPLE, DUNSMUIR BT.
Sl'tMCRMTION.
•1.00   Per   Year,   SO   cents   lor   Six   Months,
25 cents for Three Months.
Strictly  in  Advance.
Bundles of 5 or more copies for a period
•f not less than three months, at the rate
tt  one   cent   per  copy  per   Issue.
Advertising   rates   on   application.
If you  receive   this  paper.  It  Is  paid   for.
In making: remittance by cheque, ex-
•hariKe must be added. Address all communications and make all money orders
payable to
THE WE3TERN CLARION
Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St., Vancouver,
B. C.
Cf Q—Watch the label on your paper. If
VvO this number Is on It, your subscription   expires   the  next   issue.
SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1912.
PAYING THE PIPER.
There are a lot of chumps in this
world, more especially among the slave
class, who have been persistently entertaining the hallucination that government is a wisely constructed and
henificently intentioned institution,
whose sole mission is to watch over
them and safeguard their every interest against such perils as might
threaten from whatever source or
quarter. To theBe nincompoops the
Law has apparently been designed as
a sort of fender for the purpose of
warding off the "slings and arrows ot
outrageous fortune," that otherwise
might hit them amidships or otherwhere, perchance, to their serious discomfort and possible undoing.
Respect for Government and rever-
ance for the Law has been bred into
these chumps aforesaid for countless
generatlaons. They have, owing to
long practice in the art of gullibility,
become so saturated with this respect
and reverence, that it seems to them
quite proper that the Jjaw should even
deny them the right to live and Government emphasizes the denial with
club and gun, in case they were so
unchumplike as to pretend they didn't
like it. As long as the Intellectual
statuB of the slave does not rise above
the level of a chump, it may be readily seen that his master's hold upon
him will be easily maintained and his
slavery continue indefinitely. In order to Induce sufficient brain development and activity to lift the slave
above the level of a chump, however,
requires drastic Instruction and lots
of it. Fortunately for the slave class,
and therefore for human society as_a
whole, the slave masters themselves
provide the necessary instruction and
apply it in such a drastic fashion as
to make it both effective and lasting.
Especially upon this Western continent at the present time the masters
are giving their slaves some excellent
schooling along the line of a correct
understanding of Government and
Law. Unintentionally, perhaps, they
are knocking out of the heads of the
chumps that respect and reeverence
for these two creations that have been
among the chief earmarks of chump-
hood since the first easy mark was created as an instrument for cunning to
sharpen its wits upon.
Here In Vancouver not long since all
semblance of Law was thrown to the
winds and working men were ruthlessly clubbed, beaten, ridden down
and arrestted by the police for no other offence than being out of employment and having the audacity- to gather together and talk about It.
Quite recently a similar throwing
aside of all pretence of the Law lias
occurred ln other parts of the Province, where the workers have found
tbe conditions of employment so bad
that they were no longer bearable.
Along the construction work of the
Canadian Northern men have been
thrown into jail or driven out of town
upon the flimsiest of pretexts and for
no other reason than their refusal to
longer submit to the aforesaid conditions of employment and the miserable wages paid.
On the other side of the line similar
action has been resorted to and upon
a much larger scale. Some hundreds
of men have been driven from the
city of San Diego, Cal., by armed
thugs and without any pretence of
Law other than that of the club or
gun. Many of these victims of class
rule were brutally beaten and some
were even Btrung up by the neck and
only let down upon promising to never
return to San Diego.
In the lumber districts of the State
of Washington similar brutality has
been displayed upon a wide scale.
Hundreds of workmen have been
clubbed, beaten and Imprisoned and
driven from town to town by the
thugs and ruffians of the master class,
thugs and ruffians armed to the teeth
as p.^alnst unarmed workingmen.
The same clnss brutality was ruthlessly displayed at. Lawrence, Mass.,
during the recent strike of textile
workers and the most persistent and
bitter persecution of the leaders In
that strike Ib still being carried on at
the behest of the masters whose pockets were touched in consequence or
the strike.
i'1'oiri every quarter comes accounts
of. similar resort to brute torce upon
ine part oi tne masters as agalust tue
cry ot distress troin their slaves as
conditions become unbearable.
That Government is, iu tue last analysis, noltiing but the club oi class rule,
and tnat delectable creation, Uie Law,
merely tbe mask that hides tne club
trom its victim, is becoming more apparent each day. ao long as the victim of class rule—the slaves of capital
—can be awed into submission by quot
ing the Law to them, the masters are
quite content because that Is much
cheaper thau wielding the club. It
costs less uTkeep a lew scalawags
armed with sheep-bound tomes, judi
clal powers and dirt-colored night
shirts, sitting on the bench dealing
out legal damnation to recalcitrant
wage-plugs, than it does to maintain
a horde of equally conscienceless
ordinary thugs and cutthroats armed
with clubs and guns to beat them up
and drive them out of town, besides
this the former method, being less
spectacular, is not so apt to attract attention to the infamies practiced upou
the slaves under the brutal exploitation of their masters.
Once the masters begin to realize
that the mummery of the Law is no
longer effective, all cautions and pre
tence is thrown to the winds. The Law
is discarded and the case taken to the
court of last resort, the club and the
gun. Then the slaves get their lesson
in such fashion as to make a lasting
Impression upon them. They soon
learn the real meaning of givern-
ment. Clubbed and beaten by the
thugs and hirelings of their masters,
they learn that Government is only
the club by means of which they are
held in bondage to the master class,
and so long as that club is held over
them they must remain slaves to be
exploited, clubbed, beaten and, if need
be, killed, at the behest of their masters. When, by virtue of the zeal ot
the master class in thus forwarding
their education, they Bhall have be-
como men, they will strip from their
masters' hands the club—Government
—by which they are now held in sub-
jectiin and after having wielded it in
their own behalf until every bulwark
of capitalist rule has been demolished
"OUR"  COUNTRIES.
THE PINCH OF PLENTY.
Revolutionary Socialists nave discarded a flag along whose folds are
blazoned in letters of gold the records
of so many butcheries. Flags are
merely symbols. They have no value
except for what they represent. What,
then, is the Fatherland? What, indeed, are all the present nations?
The nations, all nations, whatever
may be the etiquette of their system
of government, are composed of two
sets of men, one far the smaller In
numbers, the other comprising the vast
majority of the population.
The first class is seated around a
well-set table, where nothing is wanting. At the head of the table, in the
place of honor, are the high financiers.
Some of them are Jews—yes; the
others are Catholics; some more are
Protestants, and others, Free-thinkers.
They may be in disagreement with
each other over questions of religion
or philosophy, or even over rates of
interest; but as against the great mass
of the people they are banded like
thieves at a fair.
To the right and left of them are
the Ministers of State, the high functionaries of the civil, religious, or military administrations, not to omit the
general treasurers, with their 30, 40 or
60 thousand francs salaries per year;
a little further around, the full Council of the Order of Lawyers, the glorious spokesmen of the Universal Conscience; next the gentlemen of the
court, and their precious auxiliaries,
the solicitors, notaries and bailiffs.
The big stockholders in mines, factories, railroads, and steamship companies, the merchants, the possessors
of castles and large estates, are all at
this table; all those who own four-
pence are here also at the foot of the
table; they are the small fry who
have, nevertheless, all the prejudices,
all the reactionary instincts of the big
capitalist.
You also, gentlemen of the jury, 1
must place among the number if privileged persons gathered around this
table. It is not an evil fate, I assure
you. In return for work—when you
do work—wbich is of an intellectual
character, often pleasant, which always allows plenty of leisure, which
cast it Into oblivion where everything flatters your pride and vanity, you get
accursed must eventually go.
The schooling lying directly before
the working class now will be drastic
and bitter. The coarsest brutality
ever Indulged in by a ruling class will
be meted out to the wage Blaves of
the world by the present ruling class
before Its strangle hold of Labor shall
be broken. Either that, or all signs
upon the social horizon shall go for
naught. From the purlieus of a slave
civilization can be recruited a horde
of reptiles in human shape, so low in
the scale of being as to be usable by
the master class for any purpose, no
matter how vile. It is from this scum
of slavery, devoid of all human semblance other than physical, lost to all
the attributes of manhood and without even a sense of shame or a conception of decency, that the thugs, cut-
thoats, ruffians, sneaks, procurers,
apologists and spokesmen, that constitute capitalism's grand army of defence against an uprising of its
BlaveB, are recruited. There is no task
so low, mean and vile that this Bcum
will not cheerfully undertake it at the
behest of the ruling class and at the
cost of fewer pieceB of silver than
were received by Judas for betraying
Christ.
The working class is paying dearly
for its enslavement. It is paying ln
sweat and blood and tears. If the
workers will remain as slaves they
must pay the bill, no matter how large
"They who dance must pay the piper.'
AGAINST CONSCRIPTION.
A writer in Maorlland Worker states
that at Christchurch the boys have
formed a Passive Reslsters' Union, all
members pledging themselves to havt
nothing to do with the Act, and absolutely refusing to attend drills or
anything else." They have 217 members, and their numbers are growing.
The drills are a dismal failure. The
Passive Reslsters attend the drill
hall every night, and they exhort the
other lads to stay out and Join the
antl-mllltarlst brigade.
ThlB is excellent work.   Couldn't a
in return a bounteous life, rendered
endurable by all the comfort, all the
luxury which the progress of science
has placed at the disposal of the favorites of fortune.
Far from that table I see a herd of
beasts of burden condemned to labor
which is repugnant, unclean, dangerous, brutalizing, with neither rest nor
respite, and, above all, without security for the morrow; petty mercaants,
tied down to their counters on holidays and Sundays, pressed more and
more to the wall by the combination
of large stores; small land-holders,
dulled and stupefied by workdays 10
and 18 hours long, whose toil only goes
to enrich the big brokers, millers, wine
commission merchants, and sugar refiners. Further still from the table
around which "the happy ones of the
world are gathered, ls the great mass
of the proletariat, whose sole fortune
is but their arms or their brains, workingmen and women of the factories,
liable to long periods of, unemployment, petty officials and functionaries,
forced to cringe low and conceal their
opinions; domestics of both sexes, food
for exploitation, food for cannon, food
for pleasure.
TheBe are your countries!
A country of the present time is
nothing but thiB monstrous social inequality, this monstrous exploitation of
man by man.—Gustave Herve.
In spite of all efforts to gloss over
the facts it is an open secret that
never was such a large percentage of
the people of the western continent
hovering upon the border of actual
starvation as at present. Never was
there a greater percentage of workers unemployed than now and never
were prospects more dark and hopeless lor the great mass than at the
present moment. The entire capitalist shebang is in a state of semi-collapse that becomes more acute each
day aud seriously threatens complete bankruptcy of this most glorious but evil-smelling civilization.
While want and misery prevail to
an alarming extent and walls of distress are heard upon every hand, let
1 no one be led away by the delusion
j that anyone is feeling the "pinch of
j ries and workshops are idle and work-
poverty," for it can be easily proven
that the contray Ib the case. Facto-
I men unemployed because their power
to produce wealth is too great. These
factories and workmen can be utilized
but a portion of the time, because of
this enormous productive power. If
constantly used the product could not
be disposed of for the reason that the
bulk of consumption is measured by
the wages of the workers and there-
is a wide margin between wages and
the value of the commodities produced
by the workmen. As soon as the market is fully supplied, or to any extent
overstocked with goods, production
must be curtailed if the capitalists are
to avoid being plunged into speedy
ruin. Production is curtailed by discharging workmen or putting them
upon part time. Out of employment
they cannot purchase. If on part
time they can purchase but sparingly. They suffer the pangs of hunger. Their wiveB and little ones suffer — even to the extent of actual
starvation. There Is no relief until
the factories and workshops can again
start up at full tilt, and this depends
upon a condition wherein goods are
again scarce in the market. Could
such a condition be suddenly brought
about, every factory and workshop in
the land today that is idle or running on short time would be speeded
up to the limit inside of a week.
The workers then do not find themselves in distress for food, clothes,
etc., because there is not enough of
these things in existence, but because there is too much of them.
They are, therefore, not pinched by
poverty but by plenty. They do not
suffer because of too little wealth,
but because of too much of tt. Because they can produce too much
they are periodically condemned to
suffer for the want of even the bare
necessaries of life.
Yea, verily; the human animal is
a wise guy. Being a reasoning animal and not merely guidded by instinct as are the lower (?) kind, he is
a great success, especially ln creating amusing situations. It requires a
superior grade of intelligence to concoct an arrangement whereby what
is commonly termed the "pinch of
poverty" can only be experienced in
the presence of abundant wealth.
The greater the production of wealth
the greater the misery from hunger
and privation. It is thus the human
animal experiences the pinch of
plenty while fancying it to be the
"pinch of poverty."
Socialist   Party   Directory
DOMINIOn  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
Socialist Party of Canada, meet* second and fourth Monday. Secretary,
te. T. Kingsley, Labor Tomple, Dunsmulr St.,  Vancouver,  B.  C.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Kxeeutive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second ami fourth
Mondays ln month at Labor Temple.
Dunsmuir St. te. T. Kingsley, Secretary. •
VANCOUVER LETTISH LOOAL No. SS.
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
tlrst Sunday of tho month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Free word for every body, at 613 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
Ad   Kreokis.
ALBERTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 42'J Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secretary,  Box 647,  Calgary.
THE NEW ALIGNMENT.
A FEARLE8S COP.
We learn from the "News-Ad." that
eighteen C. N. R. strikers were ar-
reBted by a constable who "took them
all into custody slnglerhanded and
armed only with a rifle."
Of such stuff are heroes made.
We can picture the gallant constable, on the morning of that fateful
day, leaving his hand-grenades, hla
MaxImB, hla pom-poms, and his torpe-
.do-tubes with the hotel clerk, and sallying forth "armed only with a rifle"
and his trusty bottle of Peruna, and
backed only by the C. N. R„ the Provincial Government, the Dominion
Government, and the Empire on Which
No  Drill  organization  be  started  by,the  Sun  Never Sets.    Had  he  been
the boy conscripts of Australia?
The boys of Runanga have Issued
the following manifesto, signed by
I about 50 youths who are refusing to
drill:
| "We, the undersigned, refuse to
.comply with the Defence Act, and are
I determined to passively resist it under
I all circumstances, regardless of the
pains and penalties which have lieen
threatened by the week kneed Government. There are 13,000 lads who have
refused lo register, and who hold similar views to ours; 10,000 ItidB who
were medically examined were cast
aside.
"Why  should  you  be  compelled  to
drill while they go free?
"Do yon really like to be compelled
better armed, probably he would have
rounded up all the strikers between
here and Halifax
107    GOLD
MINERS    KILLED     BY
TROOPS.
LONDON, April 18.—A dispatch
from St. Petersburg states that 107
working men employed in the gold
mines were killed and eighty wounded
by Russian troops during a clash at
Irkutsk at the Lena Gold Mine Company's workings.
Details of the fighting and of the
cause of the trouble have not yet been
ascertained.
to Khoulder aims?
"Most of you certainly do not.
"We  call  on  you also  to  make  a
Btand for your personal liberty.   Join
us In our military strike against conscription.    The    milliarv    authorities] Due Cards, per 100
I cannot deal with 13.000 of us who have! Constitutions,'each  Be
'struck.    If you strike also, what can. RPceipt Books, each 10c
they do?   Nothing. Wnrmnt Rooks each    .  25c
"Then why obn-rthem?   We call on ' Warrant B0OM' eacn i0
!you to refuse?" Buttons, each  40c
PRICE   LIST  OF  SUPPLIES.
Due Stamps, each 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 25c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 50c
 $1.00
Secure ln the sense that property
laws provided ample' protection for its
interests, the capitalist class has discovered it an easy diversion to split
itself Into sections.
To the average "mind the differences
existing between Liberal and Tory in
politics, and Protestant, Catholic or
Jew tn religion, has appeared to be
of a fundamental character. The bitterness of the controversies that have
taken place have appeared to warrant
that inference. Bul the attack that ls
being made by Socialists on capitalist
property and their determination to
transfer the ownership of the means
of life to the people lias revealed the
common Interest of these conflicting
sections. So long as society is organized to protect the capitalist in his
ownership over the means of production, distribution and exchange he can
afford to occupy the opposite political
or religious camp to his fellow capitalist. But all these distinctions sink
Into the background in the presence
of the modern menace of socialism.
In Milwaukee, the Action of party
politics has been exploded—Democrat
and Republican alike ceased their fooling, and throwing off the mask revealed their common nature. Today
they are political allies. Not accidentally so, but permanently. The real,
conscious, avowed class struggle for
political conquest as a means for determining the ownership and control
of industry is now on. The conditions in Milwaukee are a prophecy of
the future for the entire world. The
Jew and the Catholic have not behaved toward each other as though
any very close affinity bound them together. But the other day Cardinal
Gibbons, as counsellor of the Catholic
University of Washington, received a
bequest of $25,000 from a donor of
Jewish extraction for the purpose of
founding a chair for study aiming at
the eradication of Socialism.
Capitalist sympathies, like adversity
make strange bedfellows. Won't it
be humorous to see in a little while
that foundation being used for the purpose of entrenching more deeply the
interests of the co-operative commonwealth.—The Voice.
LOCALS   IN   COAST   CITIES,   N.   B,
Howard H. Caldwell, Organizer S.
P. of A., will be ln B. C. on a lecture tour about July 1st. Locals wanting to arrange dates with him write
Dom. Ex. Com., Labor Temple, Vancouver.
MANITOBA PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee; Notice-—Tills card la Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU", interested in the Socialist
movement. [SOCIALISTS are always
members of 'the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
tieoreta'ry, J. D. Houston, 403 Furby
Ht.    Winnipeg.
MARITIME PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace aay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, anx
491, Glace Bay, N. S. ««,
LOCAL VANCOUVER, NO. 89, 8. P. of C.
Heudciuarters, Room 30G Labor Temple.
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every 3nd and 4th Friday in the month.
Heading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
LOCAL   OREENWOOD,   B.   C,    NO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Primerlte, Secretary.
LOCAL    FERNIE,   S.  P.   of   C,    HOLD
holds educational meetings In the
Miners Union Hnll every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting llrst Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. ni. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
II. Wilmer, secretary, Box 380.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 95, 8. P. of C,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. K, CampbelL Secretary. P.O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Finlandcrs* Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O
Box 54, Rossland.
LitueiL V^KIOUVIS, B. C, HO. 45,
1-lnulsh. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 23J7
Main Street.    Secretar;-, Win. Mynttl
LOCAL VANCOUVER No 1, S. P. of O	
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
Fast. J, A. Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     t.
Miners' Hail and Opera Hou.>e. Propaganda meetings at 3 p.m. on tho tlr.t
and third Sundays of the mouth. HuhI-
ness meetings on Thursday evening-*
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, .las. aiendeniilng, Box SS,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W. Graham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  NO.  1,  8.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business aud propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. share.
Our reading room ls open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, A. Farmilo, 622 First St.;
Organizer,   W.   Stephenson.
LOCAL OALOART, ALTA., NO.  4,  8. P.
of C.— Business meeting every Saturday evening nt s o'clock at the headquarters. 429 Eighth Ave. East, between Third and Fourth streets. F.
Tipping, Secretary.
LOCAL XEOINA NO. S, BAB*., MBBT8
every Sunday, Trades Hail, t p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, I
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary. 1909 Garnet St.. P.O. Box 1046.
LOOAL BRANDON, MAN., NO. 7, S. T.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda meeting. Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at •
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secietarj, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
LOOAX   MICXXL,  B.   0.,  NO.   16,   8.   P.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afterhcon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of un to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs.'
and third Sundays of each month ni
10:30 a.m. ln tho same hall. ■ Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
Secretary.
LOCAL
NELSON,
S.
p.
of
0.i
MEETS
every
I- rlday   even
ng
lit
8
p.m.,   ln
Miners' Hall, Ne
sol
H
("1
1
tin,  Secretary.
LOCAI,  VERNON, NO. 38- S. F. OF  C.—
IVIeoiH evory Tuesday at S p. in.. In
L. o. L.  Hall. Tronson St.    \\\ II. 011-
 mnur. Secretary.	
LOCAI.   REVELSTOKE',   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. HusineH**** meotings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. R K Gayman, Secretary
LOCAL  LETHBRIDGE,  ALTA., XO.  I*
S. F. of C. Meets tlrst and third Sundays in the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Pen-
cock,   Box   1983
LOCAI. MOOSEJAW, SASK., Ne. 1, ■. V.
OF C.—Propaganda meetings everv
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Claaa every Sunday, 3 p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. 0„ Sask.; A. Stewart, Orranlzer,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
LOCAL NO. 1, WINNIPEG, MANITOBA.
S. P. OF C— Headquarters 528* Mala
Street. Winnipeg, roopi 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic claaa
Wednesdays, ut S p. m. Secretary'*
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
In Dt.'anihind Theatre, Main Street, at
ti   o'clock.     Discussion   invited.
LOCAL 81NDON,
B.
C, NO
3fl
. S.
T. OP
C.    Meets every
'1
uesday
:>i
1:1
0  p.m.
in   the   Sandon
Miners'
li
or
Ball.
Communications
to     be
ndi
rested
Drawer K. Sitnd
nn
_B. C.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  NO.  8,  S. F.  of C	
Husine-^s meetings the llrst Sunday In
the month nt It o'clock p.m. nt head-
iiuarlcrs. Secretary. Sam Horwitb.
Headquarters, '16 1-2 Kldenu Street,
l'hon-" 211. Address, 322 Gladstone,
Ave.
LOCAL VICTORIA NO. 2, B. P. of C	
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, oyer Collis
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
Theatre.
LOCAL SOUTH POUT QUOBOI, N.O,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
" p.m. In Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Organizer.
LOCAL   C1IMBEKI1ND NO. 70 8. P. of C.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice eacli
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (tor afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney. Corresponding Secretary,
., Joseph Naylor.
LOCAL OLACE BAY, No,  1  OP  MABI-
ma—Headquarters In Rukasln
Block. Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday ut 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary,
. Box IBS; Harold G. Hoss, organizer.
Box  506.
LOOAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 In the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'iam Allen, Secretary, Box 344. 	
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST
TION of the S. P. of C, ls organized)
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrainian workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ. "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnistlno Ave., Edmonton. Alta. English comrades de-
siting information re the Federation,
write to J. Scnuk, Fin. Secretary.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the r*-
'tlutionary working class.
La'uor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong;.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of th*
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
slave.
Sn long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
uf profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of getting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of tha
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, th* worker to secure It by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering th*
public powers for the purpose of getting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
i
S.   The er*«blishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, th*
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00 SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1912.
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
PAGE THREE
CORRESPONDENCE
MARITIME     EXECUTIVE    COMMIT-
TEE.
.Meeting held at Glace Bay, N. S.,
April 14th, 1912.
Comrades present:, McLauchlin
(chairman), W. McKinnon, A. McKinnon, Ross, Brodie, and the Secretary.
Minutes of last, meeting read and approved.
Correspondence read from Comrade
Fillmore, Comrade F. Hyatt, St. John,
Comrade Chas. McDonald, Steam
Mills, N. S., and the Dominion Executive.
The Secretary was instructed to
forward to the Western Clarion the
names of ten Comrades In Springhill
and have a three months trial sub.
sent to them; also a bundle of ten to
Comrade Klderman, Springhill, fir distribution.
Receipts for March.
Local Glace Hay, 80 due stamps.? 8.00
Local Sydney Mines, 20 due
stamps     ,. •    2.00
HOW THEY COME
|^ $1.0.00
Expenditure.
Dan Cochrane, Secy. Dom. Ev.,
100 due stamps $5.00
Postage    10
$5.10
YMIR CAMPAIGN FUND.
Receipts.
Ymir Collections—By Geo. Col-
less and Van De Bogart  33.25
Personal subscriptiin      44.00
Saimo    Collections—Geo.   Graham and others   $ 13.00
Hall collections ..'....'.     10.25
Sheep   Creek   Collections—Me-
Cormlck, Martin and others.    28.00
Nelson B. C $ 10.00
Creston,  B. C—A.  Llndley... .$ 30.70
Ed Pearce $   5.00
Fairvlew,    B.  C.—McKee    and
Hancock    $ 14.50
Trail, B. C—Hall collections..? 20.00
McKennan,   Heskets   and   Bellamy      15.00
Trail Brewery       3.00
Other sources   50
Left    from    former   campaign
fund     62.40
$279.60
Expenditures.
Deposit, or fine $200.00
Expense to Trail, Crescent Valley and Nelson       40.30
Agent to Waneta, Erie and Sal
mo	
Cash to Grant $35.00
Cash to Wilkinson  35.00
     70.00
Expenses to Creston and Sedar   20.70
1 Paid to Pettipiece      36.40
$279.60
W. B. M'INNES,
Agent for R. P. Pettipiece.
12.20
We cannot run this paper with wind
or hot air, and unless we get the financial support of the readers we are
likely to go under as we did last
year. Twenty thousand leaflets are
lenvlng this office every week now,
and a very small percentage of you
are helping to distribute them. A little more help from you will give others
a chance to hustle subs. Why not
dig In and prove that you really want
to bring about the revolution? If
you cannot find time, perhaps you
can find the wherewithal to purchase
the leaflets for your town. I waB
seven years in this country before I
read, a Socialist paper and there are
thousands that have never seen a
Socialist paper or leaflet. They are
waiting for you to come along and
give them light. You have an op
portunity now that was never before
offered. The next three leaflets are
crackerjacks and one should be placed
in the hands of every man and woman
in this country. Get busy, all of you
and don't let's have any more hanging on to the idea that Socialism will
come about through evolution,
Here are a few that are spreading
the light:
W. Atkinson, Victoria. B. C	
E. Simpson, Victoria,, B. C	
J. Carson, Dawson, Y. T.  ......
A. Stewart, Moose Jaw, Sask.  .
A. H. McAlister. Winnipeg, Man
M. Llghtsone, City .',* ...;'	
H. G. Hills .Victoria, B. O.'• .......
J. M., Brandon,  Man.     2
R. Tune Petone, New Zealand....    2
C. M. O'Brien, Organizer, Alta... 2
J.   Sidaway,   City     2
Singles.
Lee Wilson. Barons, Alta.; James
Pollock, Castor, Alta.; A. Paterson,
Winnipeg, .Man.; N. P. Lindblom,
Thorsby, Alta.; Geo. Grazier, Moose
Jaw; H. Anderson, Nimego, Ont.;
Tom Stysham, Philadelphia, Pa.; Jesse
J. Moore, Outlook. Mont.; W. Gribble, Cumberland, B. C: J. Pilkington,
Enderby; J. Somers, City Heights, B.
(\; N. Proctor, Spences Bridge, B.C.;
Geo. F. Sterling, Salmon Arm, B. C;
H. A. Gilchrist, New ■ Westminster;
J. M. Tyler, Mission City; J. Bards-
ley, Victoria;  H. Dalgleish, Victoria;
D. Forrest. Vancouver Island; John
Nelson, Markervllle, Alta.; Wm. McQuold, Edmonton. Alta.; M. H. Anderson, Grand Prairie, B. C; R. M.
Alexander, City; J. Johnson. City; A.
E. Tipper, City; J. Harris, City; J.
Freckelton, City; J. Hatton, Sunny-
side, B. C.
WANTED
At Ymir General Hospital a duly
qualified Physician and Surgeon to take charge June 1,
1912. For further information
write W. B. Mclsaae, Secretary, P. O. Box 506, Ymir, B.C.
THE MODERN PPISCILLA.
OKANOGAN CAMPAIGN.
Receipts and expenditures re
Lagan election campaign. G. F.
[ling, candidate:
Receipti.
I Local Mara   $
Summerland  	
I Vernon	
Kelowna  	
Armstrong  	
Salmon Arm, per G. F. Sterling.
Hall collections, Vernon	
Hall, Enderby 	
Local Enderby, per collections:
Steve Lilleman, John Pilkington, J. F. Johnson	
Refund DlBtrict Sec'y H. C. D.
Gildermeester  	
Okan-
Ster-
18.50
20.00
25.00
22.00
5.00
26.50
12.60
8.45
40.00
2.05
$180.10
Expenditure*.
Deposit  $100.00
Expenses candidate     49.50
District Sec'y J. F. J., expenses      22.50
Refund to Local Enderby  50
 $176.50
Balance on hand       3.60
$180.10
FOR YOUR LIBRARY.
Here is a chance for some Locals
to show what they can do in the sub.
hustling line besides getting out of
the cellar. I have in my possession
the two volumes of "The Ancient
^ Lowly," by C. Osborne Ward (complete. These I will present postage
paid to whichever of the following
Locals that succeeds in coming nearest to No. 1 from now until the 30th
of June next. Every week there is
published in this paper a list of Locals
and their standing in regards to the
number of Bubs, going to each, No. 1
being the1 highest and 20 the lowest.
These two volumes will make a fine
addition to your library or you can
sell them for $2.00 each or $4.00 for
both. Now who gets them? The
Locate entitled to compete are: New
WestmlnBter, B. 0.1 Cumberland,
B. 0.1 Nelson, B. C; South Fort
George, B. C; Silverton, B. C; N.
Battleford, Sask.; Ottawa, Ont.; Regina, Sask.; Glace Bay, N. S.; South
Hill, Sask.
Note:—Every sub. you send in
counts on this one.—Leeds.
Not a single move this week. Nelson, Sllverton and North Battleford
all tie. Winnipeg nearly lost to Calgary. Victoria is struggling for her
old place.
Fifty-five locals are getting leaflets.
If your local is not you had better
make arrangements to get some.
Vancouver, B. C     1
Winnipeg, Man     2
Calgary,  Alberta  3
Victoria, B. C  4
Toronto, Ont     5
Edmonton, Alta    6
FernieJB. C     7
Brandon, Man     8
Cumberland, B. C     9
Moose* Jaw, Saskatchewan 10
Montreal,   Quebec 11
New WestmlnBter, B. C  12
Nelson, B. C  13
Silverton, British Columbia 14
N.   Battleford,. Sask 15
South Fort George, B. C 16
Ottawa, Ont  17
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia 18
Revelstoke, B.  C 19
Brantford,  Ontario. 20
Send in for mailing list and rustle
up the expiring subs.
OhGANIZERS   MUST   BE   KEPT   IN
THE FIELD.
Some of you have watched with Interest the work being, done by Com.
O'Brien and Com. Budden In Alberta
this year. A tremendous amount of
work has been done and practically
the whole of Alberta covered. Now
for the. want of funds the work has
to be dropped, unless you come to the
rescue. How many of you will guarantee 25 cents a week to an organizers' fund, for the purpose of keeping
an organizer ln the field year in and
year out. If every one of you who
read the Clarion in Alberta were to
donate. 2.6 cents, it would only be
necessary to pay that much a month,
but moat of you think 25 cents a
month or a week too much, so we are
osking the few that will respond, to
pay 25 cents a week. One dollar a
nionth.
It is necessary to have a man, in
fact, two men in the field, all the time,
keeping in touch with the locals, giving the locals a chance to hold a propaganda meeting every little while, organizing new locals and keeping the
movement alive generally. Charlie
O'Brien gets a free pass on the railroads, and the rest of his wages pays
part of his stall and fodder, whilst
organizing; when that is gone he'll
have to find another master unless you .
can keep him In the field. Still, we.
are not worrying much about Charlie,
he has a few meal tickets yet. What'
we want to do is to keep Com Budden
in the field, and maybe after the next
election there'll be another man with
a free pass, which will mean-less out
of your pockets. The time to act is
right now; don't say, I haven't got 25
cents to spare; dig down, It will be the
means of bringing the Co-operative
commonwealth that much nearer.
What about you other provinces?
What are you going to do about it?
We have the men to put in the field,
if you will come forward with the cash.
Now let me tell you what to do. Send
a post card to the provincial secretary
in the province in which you belong
and tell him how much you wlll guarantee a month to the organizing fund.
The list, will be published in the
Clarion from time to time (don't be
ashamed of 25 cents, it is better than
nothing), then as soon as there is
enough to get an organizer started one
will be sent out. If you can guarantee
two, so much the better. You will flnd
the Provincial Secretary's address In
the Clarion. Saskatchewan secretary
is D. McMillan. South Hill, Sask. Any
Ontario comrades wishing to start a
fund will write to the Dominion Executive until Provincial Executive is formed in Ontario. Don't delay. Time is
precious.   Write at once.
WHAT IS CAPITAL ?
(Continued From Page One)
If you get a bunch of leaflets, it is
an invitation to distribute them in
your town and then send for more.
The capitalist papers claim that all
ships will in future be provided with
plenty of life saving equipment. Maybe they will and maybe they won't
until the working class take action for
themselves. We have seen these tragedies year in and year out, one long
list of them, causing the deaths of
thousands, aye millions of slaves. Look
where you will, you still flnd the unsafe conditions existing today as were
the cause of the loss of human life
then. The General Slocum, Triangle
fire, Quebec bridge, Bellevue mine,
Cherry mine. Tho slaves still work
under the same conditions now as existed then, on the railroads that fail to
provide safety appliances, and in the
mine, mill and factory where the workmen are regarded as the cheapest raw
material, the capitalists are simply
gambling ln human lives, and its up
to the workers to put things right
themselves by getting control of the
political forces and setting up a system of production for use instead of
for profit. , .
WANTED
We are in need of several copies
of No. 626 of the Western
Clarion, so as to complete our
sets of bound volumes. We
will give one year's subscription to the Clarion for any
single copies of that number
sent to us. Remember the
number—626.
The capitalist class today in confronted with the same fate. Modern
industry has been developed to such
a degree that the Individual capitalist
is not only useless, but ln some instances is a nuisance. In the early
days of capitalism the capitalist not
only took a personal interest in the
industry, but oftentimes a "worker"' in
it. But today this work of super
intendence is left to highly paid workers called managers, while the capitalist, who may be thousands of
miles from his industry, performs the
perfectly useless function of drawing
dividends which can be done by a
lunatic like Harry K. Thaw. For instance, John D. Rockefeller, who testified that he had not been near his
place of business in over ten years
and knows nothing of the running of
it, draws over $40,000,000 a year dividends from the Standard Oil Company.
Even a thick-headed Hottentot could
see that the capitalist class ls superfluous.
Modern Industry has killed tbe
skilled mechanic and turned him Into
a "hand" tending a machine. It has
likewise killed tbe capitalist and converted him into a vermiform appendix
of the body social. The capitalist class
has become useless and it is doomed
to be eliminated as a ruling class.
Social evolution wlll give the wheel
of progress another turn and the capitalist class will disappear like the
feudal ruling class, though with none
of the glory and glamour that surrounded that class.
Socialism will convert the land,
mills, mines, railroads, steamships,
etc., from private Into public or social
property. They will cease to be capital because they will not be used
to rob the labor of any man. They
will be used for the benefit of all
who work and will not be capital any
more than the streets, schools, libraries or postofflce are capital. By
changing the ownership from private
Into social, the working class will become masters of the raw materials,
machines and of their own labor-
power, and thus the wealth created
by them will hgjong to them. The
capitalist class, which has already become useless and exercises only a
paper-right to Its property of labor,
will not have to be reckoned with—
lt will simply be Ignored. If the individual capitalists will desire to take
part in the socialized labor, they will
be welcomed. We have condemned
their system as a failure and their
class as useless, and we joyfully proclaim the tact that nothing can stop
the onward march of labor toward tho
socialized ownership and management
of the means of production and distribution—In short, toward the Cooperative Commonwealth.
(By Josephine Conger-Kaneki.)
The mode of production of the
physical means if life dominates,
as a rule, the develipment of social, political and Intellectual
life.—Karl Marx.
Wlllsonscraft ti Mrs. Pank-
hurst; it ls an equally long
reach from the Priscllla of our
colonial days to the great wool
and cottin factories if the East
and South.
Mary Wollsonscraft had a vision. Not of the English suffragettes smashing windows to
obtain the ballot. But of women being free. Possibly before
she died, too.may have felt the
necessity of militancy, were
women ever to be free. For this
first woman to gain the public
ear for woman's rightB paid the
penalty that ls too often the lot
of the pioneer.
Priscilla at her wheel had no
vision. None beyond John, and
the dowry she would bring him
on their wedding morn. That
waB all sufficient for Priscilla.
Societty has claimed throughout the ages, and is striving to
keep up the claim in some quarters today, that it is all-sufficient for any woman.
But Priscilla's vision, though!
It sufficed for her Immediate
needs didn't reach far enough. |
It failed to perceive Mechanical,
Progress, which was to come and |
take the spinning wheel away.,
Take the dowry away. |
Time  came  when   the   little'
Puritan maid no    longer wove
her blankets and sheets on her J
own  spindle  and  loom  in   the
shadow of her latticed and vine-
covered porch.    She no  longer
took  a dowry to John—unless j
she first went to tbe retail store
of her town and bought it. And
she couldn't buy it unle?3 sho
had been paid enough in the big
factory, where she attended the j
looms   with   hundreds  of  other
girls like herself to put some-j
thing aside for it, ' .   -
In other words, Mechanical Progress
took Priscilla out of hsr home, away
from her graceful "wheel," and put her
to tending looms in the enormous
wood aad stone factories of modern
times.
Not only that, it made it im
possible for Priscilla's father to
raise the flax and wool and cot
ton, from which the cloth comes
that the great looms weave. Today
neither father nor daughter have any
share whatever in the raw material or
the finished product of the looms,
even though they give their labor to
them, as they gave it to the wheel and
to tbe land generations ago. And
because they have no ownership, as
formerly in the raw materials nor the
looms, nor the buildings, Priscilla
doesn't get enough of the cloth she
weaves in a year, or in several years,
for even a wedding dowry. So while
the dream of John may still linger,
that of the dowry ls gone.
And John, because his flax and
wool and his cotton have become useless to him, since Priscilla's wheel
was transferred into the great factory,
has gone into the factory with her,
and together they do not get sufficient of the cloth they weave to
feather them good nests.
Nevertheless, Priscilla will persist
in having her dream about John. Will
persist In marrying him when she
can
But she keeps on with her work
at the loom, even after the wretched
excuse of a home is made. Just bb
Priscilla of the old days kept busier
than ever at her wheel, so the modern weaver stinks to her Ifactory,
leaving the babies to a cheaply paid
guardian, and letting home go.
And not only is all this true of
the Prlslclla of the loom, and the
John of the factory. It is equally true
of every man and woman who has followed Industry from the farm and the
house Into the great institution where
labor has become socialized in IU
production. The bakery, the laundry,
the millinery and garment trades, are
especially noted for their absorption
of women workers.
And it Ib this point that society
resents—or Imagines it resents—this
fact of "women rushing into industry,
deserting their homes and their children, and lowering the wages of men
in competing with them in their
work."
But society forgets that the women
of the working class have from time
immemorial fed and clothed the
world. That when it took tho wheel
and the loom out of the home it must
naturally follow that. It would take
Priscilla out also, to tend them. It Is
a very shortsighted and cruel society
that does a thing und then lays the
blame upon the blameless. It Is, in
short, a .very stupid society not to see
the facts In the case.
Perhaps this same society forgets
that it has also taken the child out
of the home, compelling it to spend
the greater part of each day, the larger part of each year, in the school
"room. When Priscilla ran her wheel
In her own home this waB not the
case.   There were no public schools,
FREE to every
^SOCIALIST
Every socialist in the world should get FREE
this thrilling story of the "Ball and Tyler Rebellion"
—an uprising of the people against the nobles and
church in mediaeval England. Not one in a million has
ever seen this rare document which Is merely one of
thousands of wonderful "original documents" in the
Library of Original Sources
which ALL socialists can get on an easy, co-operative
plan. This marvelous library is an eye-opener—it gives
the TRUTH that for ages capitalist Influence has kept
from the people to keeplhem under subjection. Here you
see the gradual rise of the people thru 7,000 years, from-
slavery, serfdom, feudalism on to capitalism, all of w'lich
shows you as plainly as a cross-roads guide board how the
Socialist Republic is developing out of the present system.
Shows How the Socialist Republic is Coming
'       Gives—for the first time—the real facts behind the ordinary
surface events which you read of in histories — the rock-bottom facts
red-hot from those daring men in all ages who had the courage to tell the
TRUTH even though they lost their lives for it —and vou know how
many of them did.   This daring work is -
Published Expressly for Socialists
and other progressive people who do theirown thJnkfi.fr. All socialist
' -writers, editors and organizers use it and urge every Comrade to get it at
once. Socialists in the United States and Canada are using more of this
work than of all others combined.  No other work gives more than
5% of this red-hot stuff.
The Socialist Victories
In Milwaukee, Schenectady, Berkeley, Pasadena and
other cities were won because the comrades there have been
studying' all sides of economics and government —or to
put it in plain words—Socialism.  Then when the election fights were on they were able to show the rest of
the people just what Social-am Is and the reason for
it. Men will vote right, you know, when they know
what right Is They have not been satisfied with
the government of greed, privilege and plunder—they have been merely kept in the dark,
but now when the comrades open their
eyes, they VOTE RIGHT.
Are You Prepared
To Do Your Part?
The old capitalist papers and
politicians are bcglnninL'totako notice
—thoy aro gettlngaoarcff 'J he hardest
net 1,0 -truck NOW. Are vou pre-
urea to help? Hefner, Bparao. Warren,
imona.London.Wuyland.Uaylord, ITn-
arrcD,
-   ...M, Un-
tormann, Irvine. Lewis —ALL leaders
say the boHt preparat ion .vou can mako la
to read the Library of Original Sources
—"greatest work extant for social ists."
Ifyowwant to help —and we
know you do—send today for tho wonderful "Ball and Tyler" story and find
out how you can get a whole library of
the same kind on tbo easiest co-operative plan In the world. HUT only the
Introductory edition will Im distributed
on this plan, so write today or you may
bo too late, as tho large edition is going
like hot vakes.
and   no man's child was compelled to should put these children where it puts
attend them. Today we have "compulsory" educational laws, forcing the
child out of the home five hours each
day for seven and nine months in
the year. And then, In the East and
South, we have the law of NECESSITY, forcing two or three million
children out of the home into the factories along with the mothers, ten
and  twelve hours a day.
Most everybody, In fact, is being
forced out of the home today. That
is, forced out of the four wallB we
sleep' and eat in—and a good many
of us are forced to take a meal or two
away from home each day also. And
to whom shall we look for the blame?
To the Individuals themselves?
We need blame none other than
Mechanical Progress. And out of
Mechanical Progress is coming a socializing process that threatens to
make of the world a home, to make
of the town and the city our place
of activity, of productivity. To make
of all men and women brothers and
sisters; not to abolish the love of the
family, hut to broaden the fraternal
ties until no man shall raise his hand
against another man, and no woman
shall join with the multitude in wrecking a sister's life.
This Is what the socializing process
means. But we can never have lt in
its perfection until the men and women who work together to produce the
food and clothes society needs shall
OWN the machines with which they
work. Priscilla could bring a dowry
to John because she owned her spinning wheel, and therefore the products of lt; John could bring a farm
to Priscilla, because lt belonged to
him. When the Johns and the I'rls-
clllas of modern times own together the mills and mines and factories
ln which they work, they can take
enough of the produce to furnish
themselves beautiful homes in which
to rest after their labors, and, when
there is no master eager to grind out
every cent of profit from their toll.
they can shorten the work day to
half of its present length, give every
unemployed man and woman a Job,
and still produce enough to feed,
clothe and house tho world In comfort
and even luxury.
Some day society will awaken to the
facts In tho case. Will realize that
women, who have ALWAYS fed and
clothed the world must of NECESSITY continue this social service. Or,
If not precisely this, something that
ls its equivalent. It Ib as impossllo
to put the woman back Into tho home,
if by this we mean cutting off her
social usefulness, ns It Is to put the
factory back into the home, or the
forge, or the great bakeries and steam
laundries.
Let us no longer talk of It But.
let us talk of making John anl Priscilla   the   owners   of   the   tools
more fortunate children, in the
schools, the playgrounds, the sanitariums. Por among- the chillren of
the workers there are few who do not
need expert medical attention.
Let the modern Priscilla follow the
age-long impulse to be useful to society. But let her understand the situation, and demand, along with John,
her old mate and co-worker, that they
have fitting conditions under which
to work, and that they get what they
produce, instead of turning lt over to
the drones and idlers of society.
This is the problem before the modern Priscilla. Just as much HER
problem as it is the man's problem.
Can no more be settled without her
sanction and co-operation, than without the man's sanction and co-operation. The seventeen million women
of the working class are soon to be
enfranchised in this country. They
rank about half and half with the
working men, and it naturally follows
that the workingmen can gain NOTHING without the political consent of
these women. John can't do much
toward owning the great factory, «nd;
its products, unless Priscilla casts her
vote with him and shares in the ownership. He can't do much of ANYTHING unless Prisrlllit stands shoulder to shoulder with him and says,
"Me, too."
Hut Priscilla must be the one who
is alive to its meaning.—The Progressive Woman.
TOM  MANN  EXPLAINS.
Tom Mann, Britain's most conspicu'
ous labor agitator at present, thinks
that tho principal rensun why the recent strike of a million Hrltluh miners
failed to bring forth better results wag
that "the miners' lenders am obsessed'
with the bourgeois notion of constitutional action, and are devoid of the
real fighting spirit that would enable
them to understand how to bring
pressure in the right quarters against
those who resisted them. The backing
of the miners by the Transport workers would have hit the owners and the
capitalist class far more in three days
than the miners alone have done in
more than four weeks. The miners
have fought on lines and by methods
that do not seriously hurt the opponents, and fights that don't hurt are
not real fights at all. 1 must take, it
clear that a growing section of tho
rank and file are possessed of precisely the right spirit, and aro quite clearheaded as to how to proceed; but tho
general body do not as yet appreciate
the right methods and the present day
leaders (80 per cent, of them), aro of
the 'rest the htankful order,' and whilst
engaged in a serious class struggle,
aro amerable to the conventional no-
tion«. if 'regard for public conven-
thcyl lenee' and high notions of 'citizenship.'
work with, of perfecting the conditions under which they work, of shortening the hours, and giving everybody
a chance to turn hlB hand to some
useful service. \*t us take the little
children out of the labor market, and
make it possible for the men and
women to fill their    plnces.    Society
■;...-     .   \
Hut these are passing comparatively
quickly too, and this tight was neccs-
tiary to enable the light to enter.'!
(Mann is at present awaiting trial
on a charge of "Inciting the military
to mutiny," because he called on tho
soldiers not to shoot, their brothers on
strike.) PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
*---------■-••••■------■••■-•••**•••**••••'•'•*■
SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1912.
The Right of Power
(By W. Gribble.)
(Leaflet Number Seven.)
' Nothing in this world was ever done because it was right
or because a book said so, but because some man had the will
and the power to do it. We Socialists recognize no right but
the right of power. It is very nice and soothing to talk of
such pleasing abstractions as right, justice and British fair
play, and the like, but in the long run they amount to nothing.
Everywhere iu the world we find that right is the right of
the strongest.   This lias alwnys been so and is now.
Let me illustrate. The axeman has a right to cut down a
tree. Why has he? because be can. lie has the will and the
power to do it. A carpenter lays a floor because he has a right.
He has the right because he has the power to carry those boards
to the places; he has the power to force them together, and
power to wield the hammer to drive the nails. If he had not
had the strength! to lift those boards they would never have
been lifted. If he had not the power to put them together
they would not havo gone together, regardless of- right and
what ought to be.
Right and wrong are abstractions. Right is an intangible
thing. No one ever saw it. No one ever felt it. No one can
lay down a hard and fast definition for right. At the most it is
but a relative term, and no man can say absolutely what is
right. No one ever saw sight, bearing or feeling, yet all these
sensations are but manifestations of matter.
Though, no one ever saw mind we know what mind is.
Mind is a manifestation of the brain and the brain is matter.
But right has nothing behind it but some one's idea of it, and
no two people in this world can agree on what it is.
Suppose we try to find a fair price for a thing. A horse
for example. The seller asks $200 for it, the buyer wants to
pay $150. The seller says and actually believes that $200 is a
fair price, because it is to his interests to get $200. The buyer
thinks and actually believes that $150 is a just price, because
it is to his own interest to get the horse for $150. Here are two
made just exactly alike who have different ideas of right regarding the same article. Their material interests determine
their ideas of right and wrong.
It is the -same everywhere. You remember the strike at
©lace Bay. This was a wage dispute. It was an argument
between buyers and sellers over a just price for labor power.
Five thousand men, on' one hand, spurred by their needs,
claimed that they were not getting a fair price. They were not
getting their rights. A mere handful of men on the other hand,
impelled by their greed,'claimed that they were getting a fair
price. Here were two bodies composed of similar individuals
who could not agree upon a price upon the same commodity.
The men wanted a higher wage because it was to their
interests to get more money for their work. The mine owners
did not want to give it because it was to their interests to get
labor power as cheaply as possible.^ The ideas of right and ^
Wrong in these two classes were determined by their respective
material interests.
I might remark here that any dispute between employer
and labor is always a wage struggle. Whether the men are
asking for higher wages, shorter hours, or better conditions, it
is always asking more material advantages for the same work,
and these material advantages always mean money.
The miners thought the trouble was with wages. They
did not know that the wages were fixed by laws of supply and
demand, aud, therefore, beyond control either by laborers or
owners. \,
They said, "If you will not pay us more for' our labor
power we will take it out of your mines," aud they did so.
Now, if every man in Canada had had a job they would have
won their cause. . Then they would have been stronger and
would have had the right to higher wages.
The owners said, "Take your labor power and get out.
We will get more elsewhere," and they did. Prom England,
Germany, Austria, Pennsylvania and elsewhere, they imported
miners and broke the strike. They had the power, therefore
they had the right.
These 5,000 able-bodied men were beaten by a mere handful
of men, inferior to them in nearly every way, because they
fought on the wrong field.   Dollars were the weapons, and the ,
capitalist has the most dollars.   Votes should be the weapons
and labor has the most votes.
There is no hope for labor under our capitalistic scheme.
Brutal as this may seem it is true. The very fact that the
capitalist owns the means of life dispels all hope. The position
of the capitalist is getting steadily stronger, the position of the
worker is getting weaker. There is no use of attacking the
profits and the prices of the means of life. We'must attack
the ownership.
When the first forms of life began on earth, millions of
years ago, the struggle for existence began. Two life forms
tried to draw means of-life from the same spot on the earth.
The stronger survived. The animal form began to eat the
vegetable form.   Here the stronger survived.
Then when man was evolved it was the same. Man, then
a great hairy animal, took a club and-went out to hide behind
a rock or a tree, and waited until some weaker animal came
along.
When the rabbit or deer came close enough he killed it and
ate it. No one denies that he bad the right to eat the rabbit.
His right would have been of no avail if he had not the power-
and we Socialists claim that he had the right because he had
the power.
Suppose while the man was waiting for a rabbit for his
breakfast, one of those sabre-toothed tigers should have come
along. The tiger also wanted a breakfast. Would the man's
right to his breakfast keep him from becoming a breakfast for
the tiger? Not at all. The man did not rely on his rights
He sprinted for the nearest tree. If the tiger caught him before
he got there, who had the right to the breakfast then? The
tiger, of course.
Another thing is noticeable. When the tiger came in sight
die man forgot all about being hungry. His fear overcame
every other feeling. His dominant feeling was determined by
his immediate material interests. ,
Some say that a man had the right to kill the other animals
because man is a higher form of life. We are the higher form
of animal life because we are us. The pig thinks he is the
highest type. As a matter of fact man is the highest type of
life because he is the strongest. He has the power to kill, eat
or enslave other animals;  therefore, he has the right.
Truth like right is relative. There is no absolute truth,
and all right is the right of the strongest. All rights are
obtained and retained by power. All disputes are settled by
power.   The strongest wins and the side that wins is right.
The capitalistic class have been the strongest and they
have dictated the standards of right and wrong. They were
once the revolutionists and overthrew the feudal system. They
themselves will pass away and the laboring class will be the
dominant factor, and their slaves will be the machine. The
greed and exactions of the capitalists are making the laborers
more rebellious, and some day they will rise and overthrow
their masters.
The laborers have a right to power. They are the stronger.
The laborers ar*, 87 per cent, of the population; the capitalists
are 13 per cent. The laborers are stronger mentally, physically
and numerically. The strength of the capitalist today is the
ignorance of the workers. Just as soon as the workers learn
their true position they will rise and seize the ownership of the
means of life. Only then can they enjoy life. They will then
be right because they are in power.
COPY OF LETTER TO
COMMISSIONER WEINSTOCK
Harris Weinstock, Esiq.,
Special Commission,
San Diego, Calitornia.
Dear Sir:— ' H^
In common, I believe, with a considerable portion ot the people ot San
Diego I hail your advent among us
as the authorized commissioner sent
by His Excellency, the' Governor ot
California to investigutenhe "reign of
terror" which has disgraced our city
for some weeks past. Your presence
iu this official capacity gives us the
hope that now, at last, we who feel
as I do may be allowed to enter our
protest and voice our sorrow and indignation without running the risk
of being subjected to the indignities
perpetrated by a brutalized police force
and the inhuman and utterly lawleBs
private vengeance of a gang of organized, anarchists calling themselves
"Vigilantes." Absence from the city
and serious illness has prevented me
from doing what 1 would have wished
to do had I been at home and able to
be about. I have, however, written an
Open Letter, which is now being printed and will shortly be circulated.
crusade" in which they 'could indulge
all their buiod-lust and brutish cruelty
 without the silghest danger ot
having their own craven skulls cracked by their defenselesm and unarmed
victims. Automobiles vvere eagerly offered for the glorious work and dozens
of "influential citizens," armed to ths
teeth, tackled the heroic work of
trampling all semblance of law and
order out of San Diego ;—and al:
semblance of humanity out of them'
selves. The press cheered them on;
the pulpit remained silent or joined
in the praise; and the police and
"Vigilantes" had saved us!
In the meantime what were the "ar-
archlsts" really doing? Ileyond singing a few songs in the crowded jail
and asking to have the vermin suppressed and the vile food improved
their conduct was like that of the
"drunks" and criminals with whom
they were herded; that is.to say, they
made no trouble. Outside the jail
NOT A SINGLE ACT OF VIOLENCE
OR OF EVEN WANTONNESS has
been committed! Not a blow has
been struck; not a weapon used; not
a threat of any kind made by any I.
W. W. or other sympathizer with thv
Free Speech Movement. Such patience,
under the most infamous and galling
 inhumanity and injustice speaks well
By way of identifying myself I may' for the discipline maintained by the
state that I am not of the "working leaders of these men.
class," but an author, lecturer, and Backed by public opinion and confl-
scholar. The services of no other prl- dent that any act, however lawless, or
vate citizen have been more frequent- cruelty, however bestial, would be not
ly in demand than my own,' ln the only safe from prosecution but actual-
good work of "boosting" every public ly "heralded by the "kept" press as
cause, by delivering orations, speak-'! heroic and patriotic, the police then
ing at banquets and contributing ar- ventured even farther. They ceased
tides to the public press, As to my arresting violators ot the ordinance,
personal standing I can refer you to' contenting themselves with clubbing
Hon. Lyman J. Gage (ex-Secretary of them, or if arrests were made, turning
the Treasury), G. Aubrey Davidson them over at the dead of night to
(president of the Southern Trust and /"Vigilantes," who then carried them
Savings Bank), the officers of the
Panama-California Exposition, and
practically every banker and prominent attorney in the city. Politically,
I am (like so many millions of Americans today) a free lance, having belonged to no party for years, but holding myself ready to support any and
all men and measures that I believe
wil make for more just and more
democratic conditions. I mention this
to show that in this local issue I
represent no faction and have no .axe
to grind. By birth and education I
belong to the class which has been
perpetrating these humiliating acts of
lawlessness here; and I realize with
profound sorrow that in venturing to
testify as I am now doing I shall no
doubt risk the loss of very many of
my closest personal friends, who, misled by the prostituted and mendacious
press, seem to me to have been swept
off their feet by this wave of what is
known as "the madness of the herd"
or the "psychology, of numbers."
Nothing in my experience has so filled
me with pessimistic dread of the fu-
(ture as has this simply incredible outbreak of primeval brute instincts in
men commonly ruled by reason and
the sane dictates of civilized society.
The troubles began when our City
Council (at the request of a number
of merchants, and over the protest of
a larger number of workingmen) passed an ordinance prohibiting street
speaking within a defined area, where
meetings had always been held. Feeling that this was an unlawful infringement of their rights a number
ot organizations (including the Socialists, the Single Taxers and the I. W.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
Removed from 518 Hornby St. to
LABOR TEMPLE.
OVER 6B YEARS'
RIENCE
Trade Marks
DesIonu
^^^^^^^^^   Copyrights Ac.
Anrone sondtntf p sltrl<*h and dnsorlAtloll mny
ntiluklT ascertain our o|uiil,,n 1'ruo wfuitlic- an
liivontlon Is prohaltly patentniilo. Comninnlci.
thins MrlallyeiiimdeiiMal. HANDBOOK onPatenti
sunt 1 roe. Oldest oaenny for securing patents.
t'litrjiits taken through Munn A Co. reoelre
sprrI:'notice, without elisrse, In the.
Scientific flmerfcatn
k hEmdsoTie, 'llnBtratfi weekly. Largeit circulation of »r.y .M-iuiiiii.fl Journal. Terms for
Canada, $3.75 i> year, postage prepaid.   Bold by
miNN-JCOsW****"-....
■q.-aiii-T   ■"-*■*■-**■-*•■. *W- * <■«-    '^■Mhtnwtnr,  O
A Good Place to Eat at
jyiulcahy's
Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
out Into the country and, after subjecting them to frightful treatment
and diabolical indignities, drove them
■off with threats of death if they ever
dared exercise their constitutional
right to live where they, choose!
l^ewspaperB which (printed in other
cities or published by the labor
Unions) presumed to tell the other
side of the. story were confiscated and
their vendors beaten unmercifully by
the power-crazed police. A sholarly
gentleman, sitting in a neighboring
restaurant, witnessed the brutal clubbing and kicking of a poor youth who
was selling some of these objectional
newspapers. It was all that my friend
could do to restrain himself from going out and felling the blue-coated
thug. And this eye-witness is no Socialist or I. W. W., but a highly educated and refined gentleman of leisure
who takes no part in either the political or commercial life of the city. The
SAN DIEGO UNION printed a large
picture of an enormous pile of newspapers, seized (it did not have the
honesty to say "confiscated"); and
then, in answering the criticism of an
eastern paper, this same UNION had
the simplicity to state that only "one
copy" had been seized as "evidence"
against the vendors!
Then came the climax of our local
Blood and Thunder regime. The editor of a weekly newspaper, which had
ventured to print its own views on
the issues in this fight, was attacked
when about to enter his home late in
the evening, overpowered, thrown into an automobile, **TVned into the
country, strung up by the neck to a
  tree, and then suffered to save his life
W.j decided to test the constitution- by promising to leave his home of
allty of the' ordinance, by continuing twenty years and never return! Some
to speak within the prescribed area 0f his captors are known (they are
and thus subjecting themselves to ar- prominent citizens) but it seems that
reBt and trial. This customary meth-j they have terrified Mr. Sauer into do-
'od of testing obnoxious law was at' ing nothing to send them to San Quen-
once shrieked at as "anarchy"; worn-j tin, where many of our "leading cltl-
en as well as men were clubbed (one j zens" should be sent and will be sent
man into insensibility); treated with j i- the outraged working-class ls wise
Indignities which would be disgrace-; and captures the political machinery
ful even if shown to desperate crlml- which can once more set up the forms
nals; and (wlll you believe me?) the 0f iaw an(- justice ln San Diego. As
charge against these ladies and or- things are now, not even the attorney
derly citizens was not the simple one: wn0 dares to represent any sympathized violating a city ordinance, but of |e(j wfth the working-class Ib safe from
"conspiracy!"
Then came rumors that members of
the I. W. W. were coming to San Diego to swell the number of those willing to be arrested tor speaking on the
streets- and hell was let loose!
These unarmed and penniless wanderers (whose only weapons are their
tongues) were proclaimed as a "horde
of dangerous anarchists." The usual
yellow journal tactics were begun. A
"plot" to dynamite ub all was "discovered" in the cerebellum of
the police, who of course must flnd
some excuse for their brutality. An
officer of the Exposition was heard to
say that if he were the chief of police
he would line all the I. W. W.s against
a wall and shoot them like the dirty
dogs that they are! Merchants and
real estate speculators (fearing that
and "prosperity" might be hurt by any
their merry little carnival of greed
labor agitation) swapped horrific stories about "these damned anarchists."
Over their cocktails at the club, bankers nnd "leading citizens" exchanged
ominous opinions as to the "outrage
of letting anarchists run at large."
And, Just naturali.', lt required only
the helf-jestlng hint of a -newspaper
genius to start the "Vigilante" infamy. In a moment the basest instincts of the brute within men asserted themselves and these cowardly ruffians enlisted eagerly in a "patriotic
insult and possibly worse at the hands
of /he officers sworn to carry on the
legal and proper processes of the law.
In turning over his prisoners to a
wholly unauthorized and illegal gang
of conspirators the chief of police was
guilty of a serious crime. In lending
the apparatus of the fire department
for the Illegal deportation qf prisoners awaiting trial the chl/sf of that
department became an accessory. And
in conspiring to deprive many men of
their liberty without due process of
law every "Vigilante" in the whole
murderous and cowardly crew has laid
himself open to conviction under the
federal statues, which provide for such
heinous crime a long term of imprisonment. Will they be prosecuted?
Certainly not until the working class
develops sufficient class consciousness
to realize that the "law" is but the ex-
presslon of those who now. rule us
and that no working man need not
expect anything but the club of the
policeman, the kick of the jailer, the
contemptuous sneer of the judge, the
lying report of the cub reporter, the
curse of the "leading citizen"	
and the pious silence of the pulpit.
On Friday, April 12th, the SAN DIEGO UNION printed a proclamation
signed by "THE VIGILANTES," whlqh
warned us that nobody has a constitutional right even to criticise the police
or any officer of government; and that
ATENTS
' "* Wt twmtt- Ott atutaei
BogiMem to* ether, wh* reaHae the -MM£
uj at bariag- their Flteat buelaeu transacted
•yBxpeiU. rrells.lm.ry.dvte* free. Charges
modetau. ear hnreaUr** AsMaar smtapoa
request. Merlon A Merlon, New York I.lfeBIdV
KcatraU: "nd Waealnglon. n.C, U.SJU
LITERATURE.
We need money and we want to
make way for new pamphlets. Therefore we make the following offer: •
Manifesto of S. P. of C   10c
Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism     10c
Socialism and Unionism      5c
Slave of the Farm   '5c
Struggle for Existence      5c
Summary of Marx' "Capital" 5c
The State and Government     5c
Value, Price and Profit     5c
50c
THE WHOLE BUNCH FOR 25c.
E. T. KINGSLEY
^Printer
Publisher
High-Gtade
• Catalogue
Book   and
Commercial
NEW LABOR TEMPLE
VANCOUVER,   B.   C.
GREAT BOOKS
BY GREAT MEN
Voltaire's Lectures and Essays... 25c
Modem     Science   ''and    Modern
Thought—Lalng  ,... 25c
The Teachings of Huxley  25c
Palne's Political Writings  25c
Problems of the Future—Laing... 25c
The Confession of Faith of a Man
of Science—Haeckel  25c
All books postage paid.
People's Bookstore
152 Cordova St. W.
DENTIST
-    W. J. CURRY
301 Dominion Trust Building
Vancouver, B.C.
The best and cheapest
WORKINGMANS HOME
Cordova Boarding House
512 Cordova Street East
Party  Lapel
BUTTONS
Price: 50c each
or 5 for $2.00
Dominion Executive Committee
Labor Temple
tso^>^??!
•'"**ST   JN B.C.
fl-«'
■XB-5
if anybody dared to do so they, the j
"Vigilantes," would capture them, rub
tar into their hair, and drive them out
of holy San Diego." It is incredible
that any American could write such
an outrageous piece of dangerous imbecility; but still more incredible that
a reputable paper would print it without denouncing it. Believe me, Sir,
these tactics are sowing the seed of a
class war so terrible in Its possibilities
that I (a student of economics and
sociology for twenty-five year) solemnly and with a deep sense of responsibility at a-time like this declare to
you, and through you to the Governor,
that it is my profound belief that if
the press does not speedily cease Its
conspiracy of misrepresentation; if
the educated and conscientious elements of society do not soon wake to ]
the truth of the situation; and if the
officers of the law do not abandon their
present practice of treating the work-,
ing class like outlaws, why, then, Sir, |
nothing but a bloody revolution can |
ever put an end to conditions which i
have become beyond human en-1
durance. And booming, boosting,
boastful, bourgeoise San Diego has
just been doing its stupid best to per-
clpltate such a social catastrophe.
In closing, let me point out to you
Sir, that none of my statements Ib
"ex-parte," but may be fully corobror-
ated by the news items printed for
several weeks past in the public (and
anti-labor) press of this poor hypnotized and hysterical community. I
have everything to lose (friends, influence, even money) and nothing lto
gain by testifying as I have. The
Socialists do not trust me, because I
have frequently in speech and print
criticised their tactics; the business
element make use of my eloquence and
enthusiasm, but fear me nonetheless
because ot my known Independence
and contempt for their lack of Ideals;
and the general public (always scatter-brained) does not know juat where
to place a man who keeps informed of
world-movements and naturally shapes
his views In the light of a wider out-
lqok than that of the ward, the parish, and "our city." So you Bee, Sir,
that I shall be able to count upon
only myself in thus taking-an attitude of scornful and outspoken protest against what* has been going on
here in San Diego. But sometimes
the "minute minority of one" (the fortunate outcome of being singularly
free from the influence and immediate
interests 'which sway other men)
sometimes, I say, this microscopic
minority has shown in history surprising powers of rapid growth. You will
find, Sir, that now that one man (not
directly Interested on either side) has
Vancouver City
and Suburban
Real Estate
B.C. Acreage and Fruit Lands
W. W. Lefeaux
Hollyliurn (West Vancouver)
Vancouver   and    Revelstoke
Brackendale - Cheakamus
MOTOR STAGE
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
Marvel Solder
Solders Without Heat
INSTANTLY MENDS
AND    STOPS   LEAKS
In all kinds of household
utensils — granite ware,
agate ware, tin, iron,
copper, brass, aluminum
In "Cubes of "Chree Sizes
15c, 25c, 50c
Enclose Postage 2c
H. C.  BESANT
Box 429 Red Deer, Alberta
told the truth, others wlll creep out
from behind their caution and pro-
dence and begin to say that "really
something ought to be done about it."
And if History bas not always lied,
our recent hysterical debauch wlll ere
long, be classed with those innumerable other instances of popular injustice and lawless terror which have
been the immediate-precursors of the
dawn of a larger and deeper life for
the unprivileged and despised many.
Very respectfully yours,
I HENRY AUSTIN ADAMS.
LaJolla, Calif., April 17, .912.
$25,000 GIVEN TO   ERADICATE SOCIALISM.
BALTIMORE, Md„ April 20.—Cardinal Gibbons ,as chancellor of the Cath-
ollce University, Washington, today accepted from a western donor of Jewish extraction, $25,000 to found a chair
for study looking to the eradication
of Socialism.

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.wclarion.1-0318861/manifest

Comment

Related Items