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Western Clarion Oct 2, 1909

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tbii ii r,i
•ronn 047.
Vancouver, British Columbia. Saturday, October 2, 1909.
sakwrlptloo PrlM
Fn Tata
Comrade Stechishln unbosoms himself on the question of revolution or
reform last week In order.that "some
misunderstandings might be explained and Impending troubles might be
averted." I am not going to question
his aim, but bis markmanshlp is, to
put it mildly, not very good.
While disclaiming any proficiency
in "polite rib breaking and hell sending" peculiar7 to the English, he does
not lack a club of considerable weight
nor the will to use it. For my part
his club Is a most welcome piece of
furniture, and I hope to feel It ln tbe
future, but I cannot smother the wish
to remark as the pot did. to the potter: "Gently, brother; gently, pray."
If we revolutionists write worse than
"foolish trash," kindly point it out.
I am reminded of the cross-eyed
man. who strode wrathfully into saloon
and looking the crowd squarely ln the
-, , eye, shouted: "You're a fool and a
rogue," and walked out again unmolested. None wished to put the cap
on. I fear I shall have to confess to
the "foolish trash," having touched on
the subject now and then, and once
writing an article on the question, I
do not feel disposed to write on the
subject at present, as no "Immediate
demander" had ever advanced any ar-
„ guments aglnst our position. Ill tempered references to "that bunch down
at Vancouver," "that old tryrant
Klngsley," and "gang of seven men,"
proves nothing. These phrases are
not all used by Comrade Stechishln,
but they are common to the "Immediate demanders."
But Comrade S. makes ln his article
several statements, which to my mind
do not conform to the facts, and for
this reason I also ask to be excused
for butting in.
First and foremost: "There Is no
discussion about that question among
foreigners, as it was settled years
ago." Now, while not possessing the
linguistic advantages which Com. S.
take's so much pains to let us know
he lias, I am able, through translations and articles written by English-
speaking Comrades who have these
advantages, to follow in some degree
the foreign movement. And after making due allowance for some prejudice
which may animate these writers, I
must confess that my ideas of a settlement are not in line with those of
Com. S.
For instance, after Llebknecht had
held forth assailing revisionism at a
meeting held recently ln Germany, all
the speakers declared that the attitude of the Party toward revisionism
was altogether too tolerant; it was
time to make an energetic stand. In
another part of Germany a meeting of
the prfurt Branch passed a motion
"to place upon the agenda of the conference the tactics of the Party as a
special point." I pass this up until
At the Toulouse convention of the
French Party, we have the reformers
ln hot water. The convention, according to kresswell in the Weekly People, "From the start declared that the
Socialist Party is a Party of social
revolution, striving for the capture of
political power for the liberation of the
proletariat. If we stand for reforms,
continues the congress in its declaration, if we point to the utility and
necessity of such and their limits
which they cannot overstep in capitalist society, it is only to. show the
proletariat that reforms are Insufficient
and that with the abolition of private
property only will the proletariat completely reconstruct life. But, added
the congress, only organization and
propaganda; only the more Intense
work of developing the political and
t economic organizations of the proletariat; only the increasing propaganda of the Socialist ideal are the necessary elements for the social revolution."
This is a wholly different tone to
former French conventions, whicli have
been dominated by Jauresists and
while not yet quite to my liking, the
latter part shows that they know what
to: do even it they don't do lt. But
they are young yet, as the Frenchman said ot Laurier.
Also in Holland the Marxists are repotted to have seceded from the Party.
In Russia there is no peace between
the Social Democrats and Revolutionaries.   Elsewhere likewise.
If the foreigners have settled this
question, why these opposing camps,
Bebel and Bernstein; Kautsky and
Vollmar; Ferri and Turati; Guesde
and Jaures; Fitzgerald and McDonald? Will Com. S. in the fulness of
his knowledge of the European movement, kindly enlighten a benighted
Second Proposition; "Nearly every
Socialist Party of Europe was once In
the same stage of development as the
S. P. of C. is now." Concerning this,
Com. S. makes his usual all embracing
assertions without producing a single
fact to back them up. Then further
on ln his article he eats his own words
in the same positive manner.
But the second proposition. I hope
you will bear with me if I dilate a little:
The progress of all parties must
typify the progress of the individual
members. The Party must reflect the
Individual membership. The vast majority of Socialists commence as Utopians; if they study and make progress
they become more and more revolutionary. There are some notable exceptions to this rule; Bernstien, for
instance, although late rumors seem
to say he is returning to the fold.
Let us take Engels, the master-mind
of our movement. There is a vast difference between bis writings in the
"North Star" and the "New Moral
World," while he was associating with
Owen and Ernest Jones, and his "Condition of the Working Class of England," written after meeting and associating with Marx. There is a still
vaster difference in "Anti Duering,"
written some thirty years afterward.
In the beginning he was all aflame
with indignation, fought at the barricades, and prophesied the early overthrow of capitalism. In the end he
was coldly fatalistic, telling the young
Kautsky: "We have learned to wait
and you must learn to wait your time."
Any Socialist who cares to review
his own course will admit that when
he flrst got the disease he waB a reformer and a Utopian, and as his
knowledge increased he became revolutionary and Marxian. .
That being the course of the individual, how could the Party's course
be otherwise?   Tell me that.
Now let us take concrete examples.
We will take the movement In Germany. The earliest programme I am
acquainted with is the Gotha program
of 1875, and I will swear it in no wise
resembles the present one „of the S.
P. of C. It has six demands as the
foundation of the state and eight immediate demands, some of which are
amusing, particularly one demanding
the state to "start Socialistic productive enterprises under the democratic
control of the laboring people"!
.The similarity (after allowing for
translation) of the immediate demands
recently submitted by the Finnish
Comrades (whicli they say are all taken with a few exceptions from the U.
S. Platfrom) anil this programme of
forty years ago, will astonish these
Comrades if they care to look it up.
The absurdity I quoted not excepted.
These Immediate demands which have
been demanded for over forty years
are to be incorporated into our Party Platform as something new and
up to date.
Angels and ministers of grace, de-1
fend us!    If Com.  S.  is not of this
kind, in the name of charity, let him
state of what kind he is,
The German Socialists have just
held their convention. I have not
seen their lateBt programme, but am
certain it is an improvement on the
Gotha one.'    «
Com. S. is somewhat ignorant of the
history of the Canadian movement.
Space will not allow me to go Into
lt. But a comparison between Com.
Wiltshire's campaign in West Elgin,
1902, I think, wherein he deliberately
catered for votes, and Com. O'Brien's
in Rocky Mountains, 1909, who surprised the plutes by not promising anything and not attempting to catch
votes, would enable him to see how far
the   Party   has travelled.   Consider
(Continued on Page 4)'
Once there was a Potato Bug. In
many respects he was just like other
Potato Bugs. That is, he was just as
destructive as other bugs, but, unlike
the rest, he felt the need of an ethical
justification of his parasitical position.
He believed that somewhere an answer could be found to the charge that
potato plants would be better off if it
were not for him and his fellows.
Although he was a Potato Bug of
parts; although he could destroy more
plants in a given length of time than
any other Bug in the community; his
powers of reasoning had been neglected and accordingly he hired a Professor of Political Economy from the local Bug college to make out his case
for him. .
The Professor of Political Economy
pocketed-the fee and tackled the job.
The Potato Bug was happy when, some
days later, he received the following
report: •'■■.-
"The Potato Bug is a great blessing.
Were it not for him, potato plauts
would grow wild, and the earth would
soon contain more potatoes than could
be dug, which would be a great pity,
as the price would then quickly fall to
a point where it would be unprofitable
to cultivate them.    Furthermore, Po
tato Bugs are necessary to the proper
development of the plants, for, without the Bugs, the plants would lack
the proper Incentive to put forth their
best efforts, and others besides the
fittest would survive, thus nullifying
the law of evolution. Of course, if we
could change the nature of the plants,
Potato Bugs might be dispensed with,
but we are confronted by a condition,
not a Jheory.
"We, therefore, who. have given our
lives to the study of this, question, cannot but deplore the pernicious activity
of such reformers as advocate the extensive use of Paris Green and other
noxious exterminates. For proof of
these statements and conclusions, we
refer the reader to almost any old
chapter in Adam Smith."—Painter and
Local Vancouver's Eoonomic Class
will re-open for the winter on Sunday,
October 3rd, 3:00 p. m., at the Headquarters, 151 Hastings street west.
All workers especially invited.     546.
We are Informed that Comrade Haywood has changed his plans, and is
now headed East.
We have no particular love for you
in India, for that is an affair of the
heart, and you were never dealers in
that commodity. But that does not
mean we hate you. We have no quarrel with you so long as you leave us
alone and let us fulfill our destiny. You
cannot govern us for you are an alien
people. You have no right to impose
your domination upon us if we no
longer like it. We' only should govern ourselves and none else—none
else. You have been lording it over us
for more than a century, trying to
civilize us, as you say, and by long
contact we have been able to study
you a little. To us lt seems you, too,
require a bit of civilizing, as we no
doubt do. Our experience has been
increasingly unpleasant and almost
unbearable. Enough of your civilization, brother, we have had more than
enough of it; It is time that you
should begin to civilize yourself, or
you will bring down to the dust the
good traditions of your great country!
Pardon us If we indulge tn a little
prophecy. India will be the grave of
your tradition and greatness if you
stand In our way.
You assume that your Intentions are
high and that you have been disinterested in the noble mission of civilizing
us. Not only that, some, even, of your
politicians affirm that you have been
doing that with Immense sacrifice and
loss. If you believe that, It Is high
time that you should be disillusioned.
Psychologically, and from the national
point of view, lt Is one of the greatest dangers ttlat confront you, greater
even than the bugbear of a German invasion. Theoretically your mission
might have been noble from your point
of view, but practically lt has not been
so to us. In the self-sufficient arrogance of some of your politicians they
started with tills make-believe to exploit our country, and now they have
left you wllh tt as a conviction. The
plain truth Is. that, as a nation we are
be.lng done to death, numerically, physically, intellectually, morally and culturally. It Is merely to save ourselves
from this total annihilation, to preserve our tradition and our culture and.
after realizing that, nrocrdlng to our
ideals and in the light of the assimilable ideas of the west, to offer to It that
which It needs most and whicli lt can
get nowhere else, that we are striving,
that we have begun our si niggle. It is
no mere impatience of domination or
Ideas of political freedom, no mere aspiration to be great ourselves, but It is
a mission, It is an ideal to be fulfilled.
It Is a sacred trust given to us by our
forefathers for humanity. It is a religion with us, with all the strength
means ln India. It Is our firm convlc-
means In India. It is our firm convc-
tlon that no other than God himself Is
guiding the destinies of our people and
leading us onward. No mere human
strength, however mighty with material engines of destruction, can stand
against this spiritual tide. Beware
this! If you stand in our way, you will
be swept away like a straw.
From a national point of view the
danger is coming to you from another
unsuspected direction. Year after
year you are allowing from among
your youth hundreds and thousands of
the flowers of your race to be poisoned
with the* taste of unlimited and unrestrained power over countless numbers
of helpless people. These degraded
types of your sons when they return
to your shores carry with them the
disease of despotism which is spreading the contagion in your very heart,
thus increasing the number of those
sickening Imperialists, a menace not
only to your future but to the peace
and civilization of mankind. In vain
do you read the history of the world,
if you cannot draw lessons from it.
It was the Roman Governors and Consuls that brought Rome to the dust.
So it seems to be your fate. Take heed
while still there ls time! Or Is the old
Greek proverb coming coming to be
true, "Those whom the Gods wish to
destroy they flrst deprive of their reason! "-
' You say how ungrateful we are after
all the blessings that your government
has showered upon us. Unfortunately
at present, suffering as we are from
various diseases, we canot make a true
estimate of the blessings of your rule.
It is only when we are a free and independent nation controlling our own
destinies that we can truly gauge the
extent of those blessing by observing
how far you have aided us In ihe realization and strengthening of our national ideal and consciousness. At
present we feel that you are a robber
and that we are your victims. But
then, if you really prove to be a benefactor the gratitude undeflled of a
whole nation will express Itself in binding ,us to yon in indissoluble bonds of
friendship and cooperation in all great
undertakings for the uplift of humanity.
Compared with that the occasional lu-
sincere utterances of some of our countrymen of the blessings of your rule
are nqt only meaningless but seem to
be nothing less than sycophancy.
We are not a people nf revengeful
spirit. If we had been so we would
long have driven you out of India. We
are a long suffering and peaceful people, rather too submissive. Even for us
there is a limit to our suffering! We
want to part with you In peace, for
fighting, conquering and Imposing our
civilization have never been our ideal.
A friendly Independent India will be a
greater aset to you than a stilen, boiling dependent India. She will one day
burst and overwhelm you. At present
our ideal is to work among ourselves,
silently devote all our energies to organize and strengthen our indigenous life, educate our people ln the
Ideas ot liberty, to arouse the Divinity
Within them, and then when we are
sufficiently organized ask you to' de-
A solution to the labor question
has at last been found. Exit strikes,
lockouts, etc., and enter peace between the producing and the exploiting classes. Oh, joy! and then some
more joy! An item ls now going the
rounds of the press in regard to the
removal by a St. Louis doctor of a
portion of a man's stomach. The
item states that the operation reduced by about 40 per cent, not only
the desire but the necessity, for food
on the part of the man so operated
upon. This is indeed a wonderful
operation, and means much for my
people, the working classes.
No. longer need we worry about reduction of wages, unemployment or
such trifling Incidents In life. All we
need to do is to hike to a doctor and
have a portion of our stomach removed to correspond with either a reduction of wages or the decreased
purchasing power of the meagre wage
we already receive. What a boon this
will be to employers of labor who believe in low wages! When your half-
starved wage slaves ask for more
wages, give them instead the "superior look" and advise them to skid-
doo to the butcher department of the
nearest doctor shop.
When our underpaid and overworked sisters and daughters working in
tbe department stores make a request
for more wages, the managers need
no longer say to them: "Haven't you
a gentleman friend?" Managers need
not feel obliged to sink below the
level of the brute, as I have been informed that some managers, and employees, too, for that matter, have
done In this and other cities. Science
has stepped in and relieved them of
the necessity ot bringing the blush of
shame to their sister's cheek and urging her on the road to destruction.
For bear in mind, Mr. Manager, no
matter whose daughter she may be,
she is your sister and mine in the
larger sense of the word, and ls entitled to our respect and protection.
I would recommend to the coal and
iron corporations, to the department
stores, who now employ young women at a wage just about sufficient to
pay their board, leaving nothing
wherewith to purchase clothing and
other necessities of life, and to many
other employers of labor In this dis
part. We want to do all this ln peace.
But if you bring your methods of despotism to oppose this, woe unto you!
It will only rouBe the worst passions of
the more vehement and impulsive
among us and perhaps terrorism will
be the result, which we do not want to
indulge In, and which is antagonistic
to our Ideal. If you still persist in repression, remember that you will be
arming against you the fury of 300
millions of people in despair, fighting |us
for their very existence! We hope we
may not have to take recourse to fury
or passion. If you leave us alone, we
will work in peace. The fact is, you
have to go out of India as the arbiter
of her destines. She wants you to
part with her ln peace, not when you
desire but when she desires it. She
will receive you us other foreign powers only as a friendly nation and honor
you as you deserve.*Do you think that
India Is weak and divided. Apparently she ls so but potentially she ls not.
We know India beter than you do because however we may differ in various parts, we have a common tradition,
a common culture, a common civilization and above all a common aspiration. We are a nation of Idealists,
Great Ideals appeal to us as nothing
else doeB, and they spread with a rapidity of which you can have no idea.
India, is surcharged with a spiritual
atmosphere and through this are the
ideas propagated. Before the realization in our soul of this Great Mother-
India, as such we want to realize her—
our Individual Uvea are insignificant.
You will find thousands and millions
ready to change their lives . like an
old dress lo achieve this ideal; for it
Is in the bouI that we really live, and
tbe soul Is immortal!
Therefore, brother, take heed ln
time, lest you may not repent and
say wc came upon you unawares! —
Free Htndusthan.
trlct, that they get together and establish a hospital for the removal of'
excess quantity of stomach.
What's the use of a woman luggilaf:
around a $10 a week stomach with sV
$5 a week wage to support it*? It It'
nothing.less, than sheer extravagaucev
What sense ln you, Mr. Wage-EarnOT
and Father, trying to appease tha d*v
mands of a ?4 a day collection, ot
stomachs on a $2 a day wage? Cot
it out, my friends; cut lt out! "tbtf
stomach, I mean. You can't satisfy"
your taste for champagne and «j|s>'
monds on.a lager beer and plate-glOM•
salary. Anyhow, you should know by••'
this time that champagne and dlam*
onds are only, for those who jaeteM'•"
work—our "best people," you..know.
It's near-beer and phony headlight*'
for you. When, we union men meet lB!
our halls hereafter to formulate otm'
trade demands, we won't haggle ovsir
how many cents per hour increase la
pay we should receive. We will env
ploy some competent surgeon to flltt'
mate how much surplus stomach! \Wtt-
have, and the cost of removing enough'
so as to make it correspond to tfc#'
size and purchasing power of our pay
envelope. It is just the simplest
thing on earth, and we workingmen
owe a debt ot gratitude to this *%■
Louis doctor.      ,   '
By the way, I think he must haMf
already operated upon the non-union
carpenters of Birmingham, otherwise"
I don't see how they could exist on
the wage they work for.
And those cotton mill operative^
who work for 30 to 90 cents a day!
Don't you suppose old "Busy Bee" ha*
had all their stomachs removed km*
I would suggest that the Trade*/
Council take this up and appoint m
committee to place the matter prop*
erly before the "best people" of tho
district to the end that funds may
be promptly raised for the purpose of
establishing a hospital where stoav
achs may be reduced to suit the paf
roll. I have in mind a few "deelr-
able citizens" who, judging from their
attitude during the miners' strike-
would be ardent supporters of a
movement of this character, as they
evidently believe tn starvation wages..
That bunch of Pharisees and par*'
Bites, for instance, who gathered at
the Bijou during the strike ostensibly
to cry out for law and order, but
whose real purpose was to bow dowU
in worship of tbe almighty dollar/
and make a display of their class1
solidarity In order to intimidate tt*/
Come, boys, let us all be patriotic/
Instead of offering up our lives upon
our country's altar, let us chuck our
stomachs on the altar and devote ouV
stomal -bless lives to building up for-
tunes for our masters, so they cant
use these fortunes to further unslavo
Can't you   see that the   men   of
wealth control our law-making bodies,
and have only suth laws enacted as
they need In their business? That tlu»
men of wealth own the courts, aud
have all laws Interpreted lu their interest?
That the law is powerless today ttV
punish a wealthy man or law-breaking corporations, or, as Teddy calls
them, "malefactors of great wealth;"
but swoops down with a relentless
hand upon tho poor devil who is
friendless or penniless? Don't you
know that It requires money to enable our "best citizens" to continue
to corrupt legislatures, purchaM
judges, debauch cily councils and Influence Congress, and that you ami 1
must furnish this money, as wo produce all wealth?
Agnln, my friends, I say bo patriotic. Let us reduce our stomachs and
Increase their wealth, for If we don't/
what will become of our "leading:
citizens" and "best people?" They
might possibly be compelled to work
for a living, as you and I do. Hut
that ls really too horrible to content*
plate. There Is nothing to lt. It's*
"23" for our stomachs in tho inter-'
est of patriotism, plutocracy and ptSlfc
I don't know as we will need stem*
achs much longer anyhow at tho rattf
the price of feed-stuff Is Increasing, to
what'B the oddsf—R. E. L. ConitOMf/
ln Birmingham (Ala.) Labor Adytf*
cate. t*two
h festers Clarion
Fatty of Ciult, ai th* Offle*
th* w**t*rn Clarion, Blaek Blook
•Hunt, 1SS BMatiuag* StrMt, Vancon-
i s o.
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Tuaoouver, B. a
ot production only by virtue of the
powers of the State, organized and legalized force. On the political field it
is weakest and the workers strongest.
Here they may suffer many reverses,
but the capitalist class, here in its
turn, can reap no victory. The workers may here be defeated many times
and may—nay, must—yet again return
to the conflict. The capitalists have
to be defeated but once, and they are
forever undone.
Tbe general strike as a weapon in
industrial warfare ls at the best but
temporarily effective, and is of greatest value if lt trains the proletariat ln
its effective use for the political war
to come. There, its uso as a means
to overthrow class rule would be practically equivalent to a declaration of
civil war, and would be conditional
upon a full appreciation on the part
of the proletariat of the necessity for
the conquest of political power.
Watch the label on your paper. If this number ia on it,
your subscription expires ths
There has been in progress ln Swed
,«n now for close on two months what
may be safely regarded as the most
remarkable strike in history.  Its most
..distinctive feature is that it is a strike
not of   aggression   but   of   defence
af alnst aggression carried beyond the
point of endurance.  The end Is not yet
-tin Sight, though it is reported to have
;.b*en partially successful in respect to
that section  of  the  workers  whose
v masters are not members of the em-
.plorers association.   The objective of
,|he strike appears to be to compel the
, been partially successful in respect to
-•that 'section of the workjsrs  whose
mastera are not members of the em-
, plovers' association.   The objective of
a'ttie strike appears to be to compel the
employers to forego their aggressive
campaign    of    successive    lock-outs
against the workers.
In view of the fact that Buch a cam-
. palgn had. been  inaugurated  by  the
•..employers,  there was certainly nofh-
•Jnjj else for the workers to do but to
retaliate to the best of their ability,
Ud the manner in which they have
flone so is worthy of unstinted praise
JJowever,   there   exists   within  our
yanks an element cursed with a pro
,pensity for wresting from their context
• paragraphs    ont of    the    chapter of
, arents  m  order  to  lend  a  color  of
t plausibility to their own pet theories
And so from the solidarity and determination exhibited In this strike they
are eager to draw conclusions magnl-
, fylng the  potentialities of action  on
the   industrial   field   and   minimizing
.these on the political field;   conclusions which the premises are Indeed
\ftx from warranting.   I*t us see.
■The strike is admitted to be due to
the aggressions of the employers.  But
the aggressions of the employers must
themselves be taken to have an underlying cause, and a material one at
{hat, unless we are to be satisfied to
attribute them to the innate wickedness of capitalists as a class.    This
underlying cause is not' very far to
.-  geek.   The key to capitalist action is
. , Profit. «•
As a general thing, industrial neace
•.   and commercial expansion are the con-
„ Alliens most conducive to the accumulation of profit; it therefore stands to
. reason   that   there   must   have   been
• tome serious Impediment ta  the  acquisition of profl'. to induce the cap-
Ita'isls of Sweden to wilfully embark
en    a  campaign    of  industrial   war.
Either the Swedish labor unions must
yhave been an obstacle in the way of
, profits sufficiently formidable to make
■ Its removal  a pressing necessity, or
else  there  mnst  have  been   plainly
within sight, to be gained by breaking up tbe unions, a sufficient increase
Of profits to warrant the expense of an
Industrial war.
Now let us assume that tbe outcome
of the strike Is as favorable to the
ararkerc as can possibly be conceived.
That they gain their point and that
" the  employers  agree  to  discontinue
their campaign of blacklists and lockouts.   What has been gained?   Three
days or three weeks, or three months
attar the making of the pact the employers are in a position to commence
the breaking of It.   And, be it noted,
the Incentive to do so has not been
- one whit removed.   The workers have
no redress but another resort to the
general strike, with, at best, the same
result; a vicious circle wherein they
twn\d not  travel  very  far,  nor  very
So long as the master class retains
, possession of the means of production
I lta position fn the Industrial field Is
, afjsolutely   Impregnable.     Here   and
ttwre. by a supreme effort, the work-
era may storm an outwork, but here
they are exposed to a galling Are from
the enemy's main stronghold, and the
moment the effort is relaxed they are
driven hack again.   In economic power
the capitalist class ls supreme.
Its economic power is., however, conditioned by its political supremacy. It
(a secure in Its ownership of the means
would afford a direct gain in surplus
value to the employer.
The result is the constant tendency
in capitalist development towards the
elimination of. skill. Consequently
the members of the craft unions find
themselves year by year losing more
and more of their former advantages
and we see them seeking allies and
forming closer federations.
This process has been rather retarded than accelerated by the advent upon the stage of events of the famous
I. W. W„ Idea with its Haggerty's
wheel containing a complete forecast
money enough to carry a case  to a
higher court.
And yet we are told that Man is superior to other animals in that he has
a "conscience."
I was glad to see Comrade Gribble's
article, "As to Calibre," In No. 545. I
can heartily endorse the advice given
to get a .303 to back up our demands.
At present the Imperialists are tell;
lng us that a strong army and navy
make for peace, and If the capitalist
of"the"future'"or "unionism^ wherein cla8S know that we •» abIe to back
unionized labor is departmented, dra- up our ballota    wlth  buIlet8'  lt  wl»
make for peace too.
gooned and brigaded Into one mighty
host, regardless of craft. As a case
where it has stood in the way of closer federation may be Instanced the
possibility that the alliance between
At a meeting sometime last winter,
a question was asked "Supposing when
you have a majority elected to parliament, the capitalists refuse to hand
Of late years the trades unions have
shown a marked tendency towards
closer affiliation. This has been pointed to as a step in the direction of industrial unionism and a sign of a new
awakening for labor on the industrial
So far from this being actually the
case, it is in reality a symptom of decadence, as may easily be seen if one
but takes the trouble to look at all
closely into the causes of this tendency. It Is a notable fact that so long
as a craft union is comparatively
strong, it is inclined to look with more
of less indifference upon the struggles
of its less fortunate fellows. Feeling
itself well able to fight its own battles, its attitude is generally one ot
independence. But so soon as it has
sustained a defeat or two, it begins to
look around it for possible allies.
The craft divisions existing among
trades unions are not due to mere human perversity, as some of the arguments of the Industrial unionists
would almost lead one to suppose, but
to economic conditions. Tbe existence of many and varying crafts predicates the existence of the several
craft unions. The members of these
unions combine, not only as sellers of
labor power, but as sellers of particular brands of labor power, each having a different exchange value, and a
varying price.
In the period of capitalism in which
trades unions had their beginnings,
the tools of wealth production were yet
comparatively simple, and a degree of
skill was necessary for their operation; to produce this skill a certain
amount of training was required. That
is to say, so much more labor was involved in the production of an artisan
than of an unskilled laborer. The
consequence was a proportionate scarcity of skilled artisans, which expressed Itself ln am ore or less enham. id
price, or wages.
Thus the possession of a skilled
trade gives its possessors an advantage in the market which their unskilled fellows do not possess. In the
earlier stages of capitalist production
this advantage was greater owing to
the relatively greater demand for
skilled workers and their relative scarcity. By combining into unions they
were enabled to still further strengthen their position. That each craft
should form a separate organization
was dictated by the facts that the prices of labor power, or wages, in the
various crafts differed, and varying
conditions of employment prevailed.
By means of these craft unions, and
by favor of circumstances, these skilled workers were enabled to somewhat enhance their standard of living,
or at the worst, to more effectively resist Its reduction; and this they are
In some cases yet able to do to a certain extent. It may be suggested that
the higher wages today prevalent In
some skilled trades may In part be
due to the historical value which attaches to the gains made during this
earlier period.
While the craft endures logether
with even a portion of the adventage
in the labor market which it confers
upon Its possessors, we may logically
assume that the craft union will endure, the I. W. W. to the contrary
notwithstanding. For it ls hardly to
be supposed that the skilled workers
will forego their advantages for the
sake of an Idea, however plausible.
Of course, when the craft is abolished, the craft union disappears, as for
instance, the once powerful shoe-makers' union is now unheard of, since
shoes are no longer made by shoe-makers, but by the co-operative labor of an
army of shoe-factory "hands," no one
of whom need necessarily be able to
make a pair of shoes.
In the development of machinery under the present system of production
for profit, the Incentive for such Improvements as will dispense with skill
is even greater than for those that
will dispense with labor; for, while
the reduction of the quantity of labor
involved In the production of commodities reduces their exchange value and
eventually their price, on the other
hand, aa the labor of a child, Incorporated In a commodity gives lt the
same value as the labor of a skilled
artisan would, generally speaking, any
Improvement ln machinery that would
replace the skilled worker by the child
the Western Federation of Miners and over the'powers of *°vernment to you."
the United Mine-Wlrkers would now ' rep led that it would mean war, and
be rather  further advanced  had  the!1 advlafd a" members °< *>» workin*
former not become entangled with the clas8 that had not  nad  Prev,ous ex"
perience to get busy with a .303 so as
to be of some use when the struggle
I. W. W.
However, there are not a few, even]
among those who are by no means enamoured of the I. W. W., who nevertheless hold that the coming form of |
unionism is "industrial." But if we
are correct in taking it that industrial unionism means unionism regardless of craft, even this much the facts
will hardly warrant us in admitting.
For, as we have pointed out, the craft
union will endure with the craft; and
if the craft be abolished, the resulting union, if any, would manifestly
not be one in which the members had
mutually agreed to sink their conflicting craft interests, but one into
which they had been driven by their
common interests.
When I sat down, the Comrades present went up In the air. I was a
"bloodthirsty revolutionist," "anarchist," "crazy," etc., etc.; if I couldn't
talk better sense than that, I shouldn't
be allowed to speak. The advisability
of asking the Executive to fire me out
of the Party was considered. On the
whole, I was a bad lot. And now I see
a well tried and trusted old agitator
like Gribble handing out the same- advice, it's small wonder that I feel
The sooner we tell the Comrades
that they must be prepared to fight
for collective ownership as well as
vote for lt, the better; it won't come
with such a rude jolt when it does
One Comrade iu tbe meeting said
that he did not think workingmen
would fight for the masters against
their class. I replied with the question, "Did he ever know of any workers* who voted for their masters
against their own class?"   It is infin-
Socialist Directory
g/tf Every Local of the Socialist Party of
Canada should run a card under this bead
11.1)0 per month.    Secretaries please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meeta
every alternate Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary, Box lit. Vancouver,
B. C.
meeteln Miner** Hall every Sunday at
m.    A.  McLenrt,  Secy.,  p.  o.
7:30  p.   i
Box 674. Rossland Finnish" Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall. Sundays at
7:30j>. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
766 Rossland, B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKensI*. Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party ot Canada Meets every alternate Monday lu
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleaaed to answer any communications
regarding the movement In the prov-
'nce.                                     _ ^ .
A. J. Browning. Sec., Box   647  Cat.
gary, Alta 	
LOCA1 -fOBT MOOBT, B. O- HO. 41,
*•"*• ".'O—Buainei* meeting* flrat
Sunday In each month. J. V. Hull
Secretary. Port Moody, B. C.
Sunday at 8 p.m.. on Ihe street corners and
various halls. J B. King, Sec.
C. Business meeting* every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarter* on First Ave.
Parker, Williams. Sec., Ladysmlth, B   *
tlve Committee. Meet* first and third
Monday* of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to thi*. movement.
Secretary, J. w. Araer, 748 victor Stteet,
Winnipeg,   Man
meets every second and fourth Wednrsdsy
"*"'"-''.?< "P-™? X Kiug St. eaat opposite
Market Hotef. H. Martin, Secy. 61 Weber St.
Soldiers, drones, even slaves, exist
among the "lower" animals, but the
human race alone is capable of producing lawyers. Such an intelectual
flight no other tribe can take, and even
a man has to go through years of
training before he can make it.- Not
only does he have to be taught a great J Iteiy less trouble to vote for yourself
many things, but he has to be un- than to fight for yourself, and yet we
taught quite a few. For Instance, he'find workers voting for their mas-
has to be untaught how to reason and _ ters.
taught how to argue; all Ideas of, I am glad, too, to see that many ot
justice he may happen to have must be onr members have, like myself, been
carefully eradicated and replaced by in,the glorious British "awmy." Corn-
ideas of legality; he must abandon, rades who have had the experience,
all vain searching after truth and must j will be useful ln organizing the revo-
develop a scent for evidence. To be lutlonary army. As for myself, through
a really good lawyer he must learn to' being injured in my business of mak-
be scrupulously "honest" with with his ing profits for the master class, 1 will
client and absolutely unscrupulous In. be unable to march, and go through
dealing with the opposition; though'the ordinary drills, but I know how to
j the first part of this Is not essentially keep a rifle clean and I know how to
] necessary  to^make him a successful dirty it with cordite to some effect (I
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto;
P. C. Toung, Secretary, vp. Pape Ave.;
G. Colombo. Italian Org., »4 Chestnut St.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tueaday evening at headquarters, over
Bdgett's Store, 151 Hasting* St. West.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
—Meets every second and fourth Thnrsday in
the month at 151 Hastings St. W.   Secretary,
Matt Manilla
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 131* Government St Business meeting every
Tueaday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meeting* every Sunday at Orand
Jas Mcludoe, Secy Room I, 1.119 Government St.
LOOAZ. HBLSOB, 8. T. OB 0., m __
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miner*' Hall, Nel«on, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A Austin, Secy,
LOOAZ, PBOBBTX, BO. 8, a. T. OB 0.,
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Matt Halliday, Organizer
H. K. Mucin 11 is, Secy.
of C. Meeting* every Sunday at S
p.m. in th* Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room, McTavlsh Block.
817 Second St. E. opposite Imperial Ho.el
Fred s Faulkuer, Org., Box 641; J. Gibba
Secy., Box 647.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evening*. Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOOAZ.    OOLBMAB,    ALTA.,    BO.    a.
Meeta every Sunday night in the
Miner*' Hall and Opera House at I
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
I lawyer.
carried off a prize  at Blsley  once-
After he has been properly broken only once), so no doubt    will  be of
in and has got his degree or whatever lt Is, and has been "called* to the
bar" (which does not seem to be the
kind of bar we are accustomed to), all
he has to do is to hang out his shingle and watt for clients to blow along.
Whoever gets to him flrst, he is that
man's lawyer.   It matters not that his
some assistance when the time comes
Personally, I won't be sorry if it
does come to a scrap. We have a lot
to pay back (compensation of the capitalist class), especially us poor old
cripples. What If a few are killed ln
bringing about the transformation;
how many thousands are killed and in-
client  Is  the  greatest  scoundrel  un- Jured every year, sacrificed to the God
hung, his lawyer has got to show that' Profit on the altar of trade.
such a saintly character was never be
fore heard tell of, and that his opponent is a designing vlllian. As the
lawyer is generally a "Christian," the
law considerately retrains from asking
him  to  make  his  statements  under.
oath. :....< ,M*|i«|ila»'| >>«•'
He must bully and brow-beat the opposing witness, even if they be timid
women, in order to break down their
testimony, though It may be quite evident that they are telling the truth.
He must exhaust all his powers or
rhetoric and his knowledge of legal
technicalities to win a decision in favor of his client, however flagrant ho
may know such a decision to be. Ho
must, upon occasion, do his level best
to send the innocent to the gallows
and to set the guilty free. Talk about
prostitutes; can there be a more abject
anil shameless a prostitute than  he?
However, a lawyer, unless he is a
"pettifogger," that is, Ib poor and
scoundrelly In merely a small way, Is
ranked as a highly respectable member
of society, which he undoubtdly is, as
society goeB. There Is no good reason why, In a society based upon robbery, a trained rogue should not be a
highly valued member.
Being, supposedly at any rate, well
versed ln the mysteries of the Law,
It is but natural that lawyers should
be considered eminently fitted to be
law-makers; hence we frequently find
them returned to the legislatures by
the all-wise Democracy, and certainly
the laws they devise reflect no little
credit upon the good judgment of the
Necessarily it Is from the ranks of
the lawyers also that judges are selected, usually after they have gj-ovoi]
unsuccessful as politicians. Once they
are elevated to the "Bench." they undergo a complete change of heart and
become altogether above suspicion, so
much so that even to venture to criticise them Is criminal. The whilom
unscrupulously promising politician
and purchasable advocate suddenly becomes transformed Into the very In-
carnntlon of Justice, blind to everything but the truth, and a total stranger to all human weaknesses and frnll-
tles, whose decisions are absolutely
Infallible,  unless, of course, one  has
Dear Comrade,—
At a meeting of the Central Committee of Local Toronto, on Sept. 22,
the following resolution was passed
In reply to Comrade Wrigley's article
"Some Cent Belt Comment," which recently appeared in the Clarion, and
ordered to be sent on to the Clarion
for publication:
Whereas, a letter of Comrade Wrigley's appeared In the Western Clarion
stating that:
(1) The resolution in favor of affiliation to the I. S. B. was passed by a
small meeting of Local Toronto;
(2) And whereas he also states that
the resolution was carried by the vote
of the foreign-speaking Comrades, the
English-speaking Comrades voting,
with few exceptions, In the negative,
and the exceptions were Comrades
who had not been regularly attending
the English Branch meetings, and consequently were uninformed.
Therefore, the Central Committee
of Local Toronto, S. P. of C, declare
that the statements of Comrade Wrigley's are absolutely wrong, and that
he must have been misinformed.
The meeting was in good attendance.
The resolution was carried by a
vote of 37 In favor, and 6 against.
The foreign-speaking branches were
only represented by one Finnish Comrade, two Italians and not more than
ten Jewish Comrades. Also those present of the English Branch who spoke
In favor of animating were among the
most active and oldest Comrades of
the English Branch.
I    remain, yours in revolt,
The dignity of the steel trust has
been wounded and the princely mag
nates of the mighty octopus have
threatened to move some of the plants
In order that the people may feel the
penalty and vengeance of a combination that coins dividends from flesh
and blood. The plants of the steel
trust have been frequently referred
to lately as "The Slaughter House,"
and "The Last Chance," and the oil.
garchy ln Its wounded dignity threaten to make Chicago its field for future operations. God help Chicago!—
Miners Magazine.
LOOAZ. BABAZMO, BO. 3, B. T. Ot 0.,
meet* every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Bualness meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock|
Jack Place, Rec.  Secy..  Box tt*.
LOOAZ.   BBBBZa,  B.   V.  of   O,   MOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Urfion Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business meeting flrst Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec. Box 164.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at I
p.m., In Trades and Labor HalL
Fourth St. Busnesa and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 Fir*t St. S.; R. MacQuarrle,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
C meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
quarters Kloudyke block, corner of Pacific
and King Buslnesa meeting every
Sunday morning Ham. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummlngs, Organ*
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 336 Maryland
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
in Timmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary,  Vernon,  B.  C.
P. Of O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m.. the fourth Thursday of each month In lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman.
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
llsh    Branch. Business    meetings
every second and fourth Thursday in each
month, at Finish Hall, 114 Adelaide Street w.
Speakers' Class meets every Tuesday at 134
Hogarth Ave. Will. R Hilbert, Rec. Sec., 41
Beverley Street.
LOCAL   COBALT,   BO.  S,  S.  T.  OB  a
' Propaganda and business meeting*
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miner*'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOOAL   MOBTBBAL,   QUE.,   BO.   1,   B.
P.   of   C.—Meets   in   Labor   Hall.   St'
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Heaequarters No. I  St. I'harles Borroniee St
Otto Jahn Secretaay, 528 Chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member        ....      Wm. Davidson, Sandon
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Orand  Forks..
Greenwood  ..,
M. tk 3. U.
Rossland   ,.'..*
I OB Trail M & M..
86 Ymlr   	
 C. Gairns
Wm. Wins low James Tobln	
Patrick O'Connor  W. K. Iladden	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton.
C. Bennett T.  H.  Rotherham.
Mike Mc Andrews.. H. T, Ralabow	
joe Armstrong A. B. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. Lundln .....
Malcolm McNeill..
Paul Phillips...
R. Stlverthorn..
J. A. McKinnon.
L. R. Mclnnls..
Robert Malroy..
Blair Carter....
O. B. Mcintosh.
Win. Hesketh	
A  nnrgeas	
J.  Hay*   	
James Roberts	
F. Phillips   	
W.  A.  Pickard...
Geo. .'asey	
A.   Shilland	
Fred Llebscher..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.   B.  Mclsaac..
Orand  Forks
What to Read on Socialism
Bj Charles H. Kerr, Editor o( the International
socialist Kevlew.   Elghtr beautlfullj  printed
faces, wllh many portrait* ol socialist writers,
nol odes a simple, concise statement of the principles of socialism. One cosy It** on request.
10 mailed for 10c; 100 (or $1.00; 1,000 for 610.00.
153 Klnile 8treet, Chicago, III.
C  PETERS *,e,l0•, ■*•
Hand-Made Boots and Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock or staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
1456 WntalMtir »vi
We solid* tne business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realise the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary ad vice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor'* Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marlon, New York Life Bldg,
Montreal: and 'Washington. D.C, V.SA.    .
Thi Gluts StnisTsrlp" S."01' '.""■ **■ > n'»i«s»,»i«.
■M1»U lor 'i.'K! In .tempi; niaiitiu.tit.it
CHlll.l* H. KEXJt « 00., IBS Xlnsli Stmt, Chlc>(0, III
Jos  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 197, Port Arthur, Oat.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
MakMi alMNtaia, $1.50 voMiktrta
"Vakalooki" Makiaa, S1.25
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, & o* Clock
m. McGregor
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphone
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies will be furnished. Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)   $5.00
Membership  Cards, each    01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform  and  application  blank
per 100 25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto in Italian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each 20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
Meeting September 20th, 1909.
Present—Comrades Voss (chairman), Penner, Saltzman, Amer and
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved as read.
Correspondence dealt with from
Comrades Hoop, E. Fulcher, Brandon,
Man., and German branch, Winnipeg,
A separate charter granted to the
"Winnipeg German branch. Secretary
Instructed to furnish the new Local
with $3.00 worth of literature, the Local being well provided with other
Report of the literature committee
deterred to the next meeting ot the
The question ot organizing Selkirk
and Portage la Prairie was taken up,
and after considerable discussion the
secretary was instructed to communicate with Comrade Fulcher of Brandon
regarding an organizing tour through
the province, starting in the month of
Warrants Drawn*.
Dominion Executive Committee,
stamps  i $10.00
Literature   for   German   Local,
Winnipeg        3.00
Total   U3.00
Winnipeg Local, No. 1 stamp.s $2.50
Winnipeg Local, No. 1, Constitutions • •    2,00
German Local, charter       5.00
possessing a slight understanding ot
economic materialism), a question was
put by one of the audience, something
as follows: "We have heard a whole
lot of talk from Dr. Spencer in reference to the drink traffic. It would be
Interesting to hear which he thinks Ib
the greater evil, buying and selling
whiskey, or buying and selling human
labor-power upon the market like any
other commodity, and When of no fur-
therther use, casting it aside to perish—like spoiled pork?"
The audience being essentially composed of that eminently respectable
element that attends church regularly to set a good example to working-
men, that stout old revolutionist, the
Rev. Stiggins McLeod, who bo often
has declaimed Socialism to be the Only Issue, after much circumlocution,
so as not to be too sudden about lt,
ruled the question out of order, remarking, among other things, that if
there was a mothers' meeting to discuss the qualities of soothing syrup,
Socialists were bound to project
"THEIR" proposition into it, also
"we" were paying for the Opera house,
etc., etc., a la Liberal and Conservative orators when they feel the
ground going from under their feet.
Query: What's the dlff. between a
Bum Politician and" Comrade" the
Rev. Stiggins McLeodT
T. L. B.
r' f ■
Recording Secrtary.
 —       « <
(April 23 to Sept. 19.)
Fredericton Local  $10.00
-Comrade Kilner (Toronto)     1.00
New Glasgow    15.00
Glace Bay 	
Springhill  Local   	
Comrade McLeod (Springhill)..
Comrade Maddison (Springhill).
Dominion Executive    50.00
Supplementary   fund   (held   by
Fillmore)     94.30
Total $246.70
■"' Expenditures.
Orrville .to  Brockville     $9.20
Brockvllle to Montreal      3.86
Montreal to Newcastle     11.50
Newcastle to Albert     3.20
Albert to Springhill       3.00
.Springhill  to  New  Glasgow....    2.25
New   Glasgow   to  Sydney     3.60
Sydney to Stellarton      3.60
Stellarton  to  Amherst   	
Amherst to Springhill  (return).
Amherst to Moncton   	
Moncton to St. John  	
St. John to Fredericton (return)
St. John to Moncton 	
Moncton to Halifax     3.95
Halifax . to Weymouth      6.60
Car and boat   fares, St. John,
Halifax and vicinity of Glace
Bay       7.10
Hotel and casual board   54.95
Postage and money orders
Hall rent	
Salary (graft) 	
Total    $184.49
Balance      62.21
13  WORSE?
WHICH     ^	
Dear Mc,—
On Sunday, Sept. 12, In Nanaimo
Opera House there might have been
seen, by anyone curious enough to enter, Rev. Pecksniff Spencer and Rev,
Chadband llobson, with the Rev. Stiggins McLeod In the chair, trying to
mislead that patient ass—the public
—into believing that local option was
the only real live and burning issue
for the next provincial campaign.
After a singularly bald and uninteresting narrative from the Rev. Dr.
Pecksniff Spencer anent the crying
evils of the drink traffic (I. e„ to one
Dear Comrade,—
It ls now about five months since I
started on this tour. I did not anticipate being away more than two months
at the outside, not expecting sufficient
funds In the first place, and in the
second expecting that the ground
would be covered in that time. It Is a
lesson not to bank too much on the
future one way or the other (in detail) to know that funds still hang out,
though getting very low, and that there
ls limitless work ahead. Though, like
all Socialists I am never satisfied, I
have been and still am surprized at the
ripeness of the field for Socialist propaganda In the Maritime, especially
Nova Scotia.    •
Taking ln Brockvllle and Montreal
on the way, the first place I struck
in the Maritime was Newcastle, where
a Local was formed at a later date.
Albert was the next stop, Some meetings were held here and at Harvey.
Albert being but a tiny country village
naturally there is but a small Local
there, but one that cannot be excelled
for quality, as lt shows by keeping
permanent and always open headquarters. This ls Fillmore's Local. I wish
there were more like him and it.
The next stop was at Springhill,
and here I found Jules Levenne had
been the hard worker, as.he still is.
Springhill sdded one to the list of Locals. New Glasgow was next. Local
somewhat weak here, but kept alive
by the earnest work of Comrades McKay and Frye. While at New Glasgow, I held a couple of meetings at
Stellarton with the support of that
good Comrade, Millan Grant, and others.
After leaving New Glasgow, I had a
long trip to Glace Bay, being met at
Sydney by Comrade H. G. Ross, one
of the very best Comrades I have met,
if doing things counts, and the champion of champions at selling literature.
Ross ls one of your quiet fellows who
Is never heard of, but he gets his work
In all right. There are a whole crowd
of stalwarts In Cape Breton, some of
them exceptionally well posted, and
the wonder to me is we don't hear a
little of them In our papers. I was in
Glace Bay and vicinity about six weeks
and the way In which the Comrades
acted while I was there was above
all praise. If a hall was wanted, it was
got.   It some printing was necessary,
1 only had to whisper the fact. This
is a report, so I don't want to rhapsodize, but I tell you lt still makes me
feel warm about the cardiac region
when I think of Glace Bay. Making
Glace Bay a centre, propaganda was
carried on in Sydney, Sydney Mines,
and In the mining villages, Dominion
No. 1, Dominion No. 6, Dominion No.
2 and Caledonia.
Contrary to expectations, the beginning ot the strike hampered our propaganda; the miners having strike fever and being in a state of over-weening confidence. I had stayed longer
than at flrst intended in order to be
there when the strike started, but on
seeing the strike had temporarily un-'
fitted the workers for our propaganda, with the approval of the Comrades,
I turned westward again, and found
myself at Stellarton, where Grant and
othersxhad been doing their beBt in my
absence, which is greatly to the credit
of their courage, as the worst state of
terrorism of the workers that has
come under my experience exists at
this place, At Westvllle, near by, it
ls quite different. Westvllle, tor an
entirely untouched field, Is tbe ripest
place I have ever struck, and if we
could only plant one of the boys from
that big bunch in Toronto down here
there would be something doing. A
new Local was formed at Westvllle,
of which I have yet seen no report.
Amherst was the next point, and
here I had a very pleasant- surprise.
I had been under the impression that
Amherst was slow, but found them ln
one respect at least the fastest team
in the Maritime, and that ls in their
arrangement of and attendance at
meetings. All speakers know that the
hardest part of a talk is the opening
under any circumstances, but when
one has to start by bellowing oneself
hoarse ln order to get a crowd, the difficulty is increased In a manifold degree and the result is that one can
never do so well if he has to exhaust
himself in this manner. I never had
to do this ln Amherst, and I still feel
as I ever shall, thankful -to the Comrades there for the active help they
gave at all meetings.
Moncton was the next billet. A
strictly small but good squad stationed here, who are hampered by that
"step in the right direction," government ownership. The Intercolonial
car shops are here and all the slaves
in them have to be "good" Liberals to
hold their jobs. That ls capitalist
public ownership; result, sleepy wage
slaves made still sleepier. New Local here.
St. John next. Very disappointing
place at flrst, but when I got in touch
with Comrades things were doing.
From a personal point ot view, my
stay at St. John was a very pleasant
one. I spent a Saturday to Monday on
Comrade Shane's farm, a short distance by rail out of town, and had a
regal time. Comrade Kaplan and Mrs.
Kaplan also did their best for me in
a social way.
At Fredericton I found Comrade Butler, who did all in his power to help
In the campaign of open-air meetings
held there, from which we obtained
five recruits. Returning to St. John,
we had a second series of'meetings
and a Local was formed.
I then went to Moncton the second
time, in order to be there on Labor
Day, and though not on the official list
of speakers, spoke just the same, together with Fillmore, holding two
more meetings ln the evening, together with Miss Mushkat, Fillmore and
I am now at Halifax, where a good
series of well-attended meetings have
been held, a Local formed, and appplt-
cation forwarded. Mrs. Brlson has
been the star worker here. Since forwarding the application, we have secured a new member in Comrade
Brunt, an old Socialist, with a profound knowledge of the science.
To sum up, I have met throughout
the Maritime a larger number of well-
posted Comrades than I expected to
find. I have also met, as I expected
to, a number who did not appreciate
the stuff I served out, having been
nurtured (?) on Utopian rubbish. I
was "too brutal" (what would be just
brutal enough?) or else I was "too"
something else. As a matter of fact
I was and still am just the same in
the Maritime as ln Ontario, having no
liking for the Wilsonlan dodge of giving what the audience "likes" in order
to "please." ,
To conclude, I am strongly impressed with the necessity of a Maritime
Executive, as there is much delay ln
dealing with so distant a point as
Vancouver. I do not-think it would
be advantageous to have separate Executives for Nova Scotia and New
Brunswick. I make the recommendation that an Interprovlncial Executive
be provisionally appointed at Glace
Bay. In case the Dominion Executive
considers It necessary for each province to have one, I recommend Glace
Bay for Nova Scotia, and Albert for
New Brunswick.
Yours In Revolt,
Why All Patriotic Citizens of San Francisco Should Vote the Socialist
The Socialist Party, representing aa
it does, all the people, Is well worthy
of the support of all public spirited
progressive citizens. Standing for no
particular faction of society but for
Peace, Prosperity and Progress, the
Socialist Party represents the honest
fair-minded citizenship as opposed to
class rule.
From the following list ot candidates, chosen with the view of representing all elements of upright honest citizens of San Francisco, it can
be seen at a glance that ln this campaign the issue is: "Shall the common
people or the vested interests rule?"
Our Ticket is headed by the well-
known Wm. McDevitt, a prominent
book dealer, former editor ot the
'World," and an earnest advocate of
Japanese exclusion. When McDevitt
is elected the city will be guaranteed
an economical business administration by a business man of business
methods, who during the short time
he has been in business has succeeded
in getting the entire Socialist book
trade 'of San Francisco. Mac is a
rustler and the Asiatic Exclusion
League will put over a big bunch of
votes for him.
Though not yet admitted to the bar,
H. B. Weaver, the popular Mission
shoe dealer, will make an excellent
District Attorney.
As candidate for Auditor, we have
John C. Wesley, the young newspaper
solicitor, who is prominent in temperance circles. He will poll a large
Catholic vote.
Oliver Everett, the prominent architect and contractor, who, when practicable, employs union labor, is our
candidate for Treasurer. His honesty
Is unquestioned. The hulidlnp trades
and contractors will vote for Everett.
The local Russian colony wilt cast
solid vote for Louis Salinger, the
prominent. Russian revolutionist,' who"
is slated for Tax Collector.
Peter J. Morch, the popular athletic
carpenter of Local 22, is our next Recorder. He will get a solid vote from
his union.
Hon. W. H. Slgourney, a prominent
successful corporation lawyer, will
make an excellent and efficient City
Attorney. The local Bar Association
will support Slgourney.
No one could possibly make a better Public Administrator than the
genial Wm. McGillicuddy. Billy is a
member of the Spanish War Veterans, and a member of the Coast Artillery Militia. Not only his own battery, but the entire local militia and
the Spanish War Veterans will fall
In line for him. He is expected to run
way ahead of the ticket.
The well known Sellg Schulberg is
our candidate for Sheriff. He is a hard
working member of "The Hebrew
Home for Consumptives," "The Hebrew Benevolent Association" and an
active participant in many other He-
brey charitable associations. The Jews
are a powerful political factor ln this
city and will come out with a big vote
for him. Schulberg is an excellent orator, calm, unemotional, relying on
tacts and logic, instead of resorting
to frenzied oratory in his address.
Our candidate for Coroner, Richard
Glller, is anything but a dead one. He
is a popular Native Son and a member of Electrical Workers' Union, No.
6. Both organizations are boosting
hard for Richard Glller.
Geo. F. Styche of Painters' Union,
No. 19. Is slated for Police Judge.
George is a prominent member of the
Young Men's Christian Association,
and his efficient activity in that organization will bring him a big bunch
of votes next November. His running
mate is L, Vanalstine, a prominent
shoe dealer.
This Is our ticket.   Can you beat It?
It is common to look with amused
derision on anyone who is unapprised
of information long familiar to ourselves; yet it would be well for us to
recollect, when in this frame of mind,
the saying of Emerson that "every
man I meet Is my master ln some
Among the many misconceptions of
Socialism current in the popular
mind, none is more apt to arouse the
Ire of the better Informed, than the
fallacy that Socialism ls a scheme
for equal division of wealth. I assume
average intelligence ln the reader of
this column, and to him lt Is only
necessary to point out that the real
wealth of the world (the food, cloth-
and shelter) does not admit of dl-
vlaion.beiag a variable quantity, which
must be constantly replenished by
human effort.
Absolute equality in possession ls a
Utopian dream, probably impossible
to realize; it forms no part of Socialism. The only element of divison
that really does enter the Socialist
economy, Is a more equitable division
of the toll of the world. The main
evil of capitalism, is that It does not
secure subsistence to all its slaves;
yet that is by no means the sum of
its deficiencies. .The masses labor
without intermission, not only to
support themselves, and their masters, but to reproduce a huge surplus
that ls used to build up new, and
dependent countries. The only limit
to their toll, is their physical capacity; their only reward, a mere subsistence. Socialism will do away
with this state of affairs by demanding of every man, an equivalent ln
service, ot the benefits conferred upon
him by society. The Socialist commonwealth will consume all lt produces; will produce no more than it
can consume. Of course countries
may exchange commodities they produce and do not need, for commodities
they_ need but cannot produce, but
[that*!* a very different' thing from
extending the limit of production to
infinity, ln order to heap up colossal
fortunes for the few, at the expense
of the many. By requiring from each
a certain amount of true wealth
creating service, a two-fold benefit is
achieved; the burden of labor ls distributed over many backs, thus permitting all to stand erect, while on
the other hand, many who previously
were bored to extinction; whose life
was a veritable torment of ennui, are
rescued from the corroding Influence
of Idleness. It will not be denied that
he labors hard, who serves that exacting task-master—pleasure. Nature
enforces a penalty for all deviation
from her laws; and it seems to be
one of those laws that men must have
some occupation or object in life to
which they may devote their faculties
in moderation.
The great incentive to crime Is the
fear of poverty. Life is a very ■ uncertain affair these days; indeed this
uncertainty has given rise to strange
schemes whereby men agree to recompense each other, should misfortune
strike them down. In this way, a few
are able, in some small measure, to
secure Immunity from the fear that
drives man to crime, and women to
dishonor. Their Insurance, however,
ls but a faint foreshadowing of the
calm serenity and sense of safety,
that will be humanity's unquestioned
prerogative, when this present Iniquitous system shall have hurried Itself
to the destruction that awaits.
Is not the Insatiable greed for gold
that Is so salient a characteristic of
our era, a sign of mental derangement, which Is a direct result of an
absurd economic condition? Capitalism perverts the rational Instinct of
provision for the future, Into an Insane lust for wealth, thai, like fire,
is a good servant, but a bad master,
Jtere and Tfow
Dear Comrade,—
With regret I have to report the
death (by drowning) of Comrade R
Volkoffsky, which happened about Jo
ly 24th, at Grand Rapids In Northern
He was ln the employ of Count von
Hammerstein, who was prospecting
for oil.
Comrade R. Volkoffsky was an earnest worker in the cause of Socialism
and was a Russian by birth. He had
to leave Russia for preaching the gospel of Socialism, and also had to assume another name in order to make
his freedom secure, as a reward was
offered for his arrest as a political
This Local has been trying to locate some of his relations in order
to acquaint them of the sad news, and
have written to several places in Canada and England, but have not been
able to obtain his real name or the
address of any relation.
It is probable that an insertion in
The Clarion would have more favorable results.    I would thank you   if
space could be found for same.
Yours for Freedom,
161 First street, Edmonton, Alta.
Indications seem to point to an election in B. C. sometime in November.
Locals intending to attack Capital in
its stronghold have no time to lose.
Already the Liberal and Conservative
twins are busy "organizing," which
means that they are getting In shape
once more to flim-flam the class that
holds the majority of votes. We may
soon expect to hear the usual "Important questions" and "public Issues,"
and every other kind of a "policy"
discussed by them except ot course
the one vital question effecting tha
only useful class In society—the question of putting the working class In
possession of tne wealth lt produces.
• •   •
Every Local will no doubt adopt
what lt considers 'the best style ot
fighting, but each and every one should
be prepared to thoroughly cover their
districts with the special campaign
edition of the Clarion. Tou can start
this election scrap any time, but the
best time ls now.
• *   * .
Two new yearlles and his own renewal is how Comrade Peter F. 01-
sen. Red Deer, Alta., extends the haloing hand.
• •   •
Comrade Geo. Gunderson, Superior
Junction, Ont, wants to do something
to aid the cause and so he donates
$5.00, which will he applied to th*
Clarion Maintenance Fund.
• •
A dollar for his sub. and on* tor tbe
Clarion Maintenance Fund is how Comrade W. T. Farrell boosts for the
cause ln North Bay, Ont.
• •   •
Comrade John Mclnnes, M. P. P.,
sends along three dollars for two new
sub. and one renewal.
• •   •
Comrade J. H. Burrough, who Is slaving up at Howe Sound, B. C, rustles
up two yearlles.
»   »   •
A bunch of seven new subs, from
the province of New Brunswick ls the
latest to hand from Comrade Wilfrid
*   '*   *
Comrade Charlie O'Brien is knocking spots out of the enemy these days,
as indicated by the respectable looking bunch of nine yearlles which he
sends In.
• •   •
Comrade David Black, Hillcrest, B.
C, cops a pair this week.
• •   »
Comrade R. Jameson, Vancouver, B.
and also send along a new yearly
C, renews his own sub. for a year,
with It.
• •   •
Comrade W. S. Matthews, Corbtn,
B. O, sends in his renewal, and orders his weekly bundle continued.
• •   •
The following Comrades have a single each to his credit this week: H.
Norman, Fred S. Faulkner, Staveley,
Kendal, England; J. A. Peterson, Vancouver, B. C.j P. Peel, Vancouver, B.
C; J. Mottlshaw, Duncan, B. £;
Ira Winston, Atlln, B. O; H. Colling-
wood, North Battleford, Sask., and A.
Stewart, Moose Jaw, Sask.
• • •
This ends the September stunts.
Now all together and let's break the
record for October.
• *   •
The Capitalist Class do not seem to
be over-excited about the damage that
those "resolutions" of the Dominion
Trades Congress will do to them.
The class that owns Canada so loves
„ _ „ ,    _ the dear Canadian  worker that it is
for  It  has  become trite  to say that | opposed to hlB uniting with his broth-
great wealth draws ils possessor lnto|ers  across    "   '   '       ' """
bondage  more  galling,   Into   slavery
Comrade Shler's article on the above
subject does not seem to have attracted much comment from others, so we
feel Impelled to comment on one part
of it ourself.
He suggests that It would be more
profitable, instead of running candidates and losing deposits, to spend the
money on Clarions, etc. Leaving aside
the moot point as to whether it would
or not, it may be pointed out that if
you run a candidate, you get the money to run him, lt you don't run him
you don't get the money, and so you
can't spend it on something else.
, However, as to the money that ls
spent on manifestos, lt is otherwise;
and having raised the money necessary for a manifesto, not much more
would be required to use the Clarion
for a manifesto with that much the
more advantage In the matter of
An extra run of a regular edition
of the Clarion could be turned out for
$7.00 per 1,000, postage paid, ln bun.
dies of not less than 100.
Provided the Locals signified their In,
tentlon sufficiently In advance of thus
using the Clarion, nn edlt'on suited to
the occasion could lie gotten up, with
special articles contributed by our
beBt propagandists.
What about lt?  •
more  abject,  than   any  other  tyrant
we can name.   It Is hard to convince
a poor   man   that opulence   has   its
drawbacks,     poverty    Ils   compensations.   Yet the wise of all ages have
gone on  record  to that effect.    Personally, I have a better knowledge of
the evil of Indigence than of the burden of riches.   A savage of quite limited mathematical attainments would
find It no great task to compute the
hours of   sleep I have   lost  through
worrying    to   find  a  home   for   the
wealth that pours In upon me; yet I
am content to accept the verdict of
time, so grandly epitomized   in   the
language  of  Shakespeare,  that
"If thou art rich, thou are poor.
For like as an ass, whose back
With Ingots bows, thou bear'st thy
Heavy riches but a journey;
And death unloads thee."
Nature's  dictum  "moderation In all
things'' may not  be  ignored  ln   this
matter of the possession of wealth.   It
ls as though Nature had said. "In all
things I ordain a golden mean, from
which  my  creatures may  not depart
with Impunity.
If we accept the premise that "a
superfluity of wealth Is never a benefit, and often a hindrance to its possessor" the stock argument that "Socialism would destroy Incentive" (that
Ijattle scarred vetran) Is Immedlate-
! ly seen to be fallacious.    Capitalism
that Imaginary line. It
would make him too strong and perhaps he would become arrogant and
retard temporarily the stream Of profits flowing to our good Canadian capitalists. Yes, "the lion and the lamb
will lay down together"—bat the
lamb will be Inside the lion.
Those children who are being taught
the art of murder under the name ot
"Baden Powell Scouts" are nearly all
sons of workingmen. Let us hope that
if ever those boys are "called out" to
shoot down their own fathers, that
they will do their duty.
has two incentives to effort: the hope
of wealth; which is a lure, and the
fear of poverty, which is a goad.
Neither Is conducive to peace of mind.
Both impel men to violate the moral
code. As branches of a corrupt tree,
they bring forth corrupt fruit.
In a society that secured to each
the full fruit of effort; that allowed
none to fatten, vampire-like, upon
another's toll, these Incentives could
find no place. They, and their evil
consequences would remain forever
unknown, In HiIb qui- Imagined Ely-
slum, a sane temperance characterizes
all human activity, and an Immoderate desire for possessions that can
confer no benefit upon their owner, is
regarded as a pathological abnormality.
— —' —   ■■■-   •—"	
Last week the "trades Union Congress assembled at Ipswich, and from
Monday to Thursday, Inclusive, labor
held its annual sessions. From point
of numbers the conference was a huge
success and probably only a very few
will realize the importance of this
gathering at which 495 delegates, representing more than 1,701,000 of British workers, were present.
Outside of this, however, the congress was not marked by any special
features, except perhaps for Ils extreme tameness ln the face of the
great amount of unemployment, poverty and misery of the working class
and the unpromising outlook of the future. Of course, with such men as
Hardie, Gompers and Shackleton occupying the centre of attraction and
forming a "trinity of heroes" group, it
would not be expected that the conference would be more than a sort of
a family reunion, with just enough
spice thrown in to keep the rank and
file interested.
President Shackleton opened the
proceedings with air address In which
he reviewed the past conferences and
their work. He cited that from amongst
the 496 delegates present, 33 of them
were members of parliament, 26 were
justices of the peace, 18 were town
councillors, and one a mayor, which,
taken all in all, he thought was a very
good showing for labor. Then he
branched off into a flowery eulogy on
the parliamentary Labor Party, enumerating Its "many virtues and victories (?)" over capitalism since it had
become sucli a "great power (?)" ln
the Hottse. From this he went Into
raptures over tho budget and bis praise
knew no bounds over this piece of capitalistic legislation Which Is now pending before parliament. The Liberal
party also received a few select chunks
of esteem, and the way he dawdled
and caressed that organization one
would' have thought it was a new born
infant. Mr. Shackleton made no mention of the great distress and want
that exist amongst the British working
people and his speech was mainly confined to the Liberal-Labor movemeqt,
wherein the lion has laid down with
the lamb—the lamb inside of the lion.
After the execution of this touching
piece of oratory, the president of the
Trades Union Congress sat down,
amidst thunderous applause, and one
could almost Imagine seeing a sort of
a saintly halo encircling his head.
Tuesday morning's session was devoted to th econsideration of the parliamentary committee's report and a
discussion on the proposed state insurance against unemployment, which
ls embodied ln Mr. Churchill's Labor
Exchange Bill.
Tbe same day saw a lengthy discussion arise over the conduct of Mr.
Richard Bell (Labor M. P.) who defended the tyrannical actions of the
management of the North Eastern Railway Co. against the Railway Clerks'
Association. Strange as it may seem,
this traitorous conduct on the part of
Mr. Bell, when fully exposed before
the conference, received only a mild
censure and he was taken back into
the fold again after he promised to be
good and "not do It again"—until next
time. <
The Salvation Army and Its methods came in for a vigorous censure on
account of the way the joinery department (better known as the "Hanbury St. Elevator) of that institution
is conducted in Whltechapel, London.
Mr. C. G. Cameron, Amalgamated Carpenters and Joiners, London, moved a
resolution strongly condemning the Salvation Army's capitalistic methods of
sweating its employees and calling upon the government to make a public
inquiry into the Hanbury St. joinery,
He said tbe sooner this was done the
better It would be for all concerned,
as people throughout the country were
getting disgusted with the horrible
way in which men were being treated
ln all Ihe Salvation Army's Institutions. Mr. F. Kennedy, United Builders' Laborers, London, In seconding
the resolution, suld lhat the Army
displayed the text "Whatsoever thy
hand flndeth to do, do It wllh all thy
might." Just Imagine a man doing a
thing with all his might on 21/* pence
per hour. The resolution was carried
without dissent,
A strongly worded protest condemning the Territorial Army was next
taken up, but unfortunately that Army
had many supporters amongst the delegates, and the resolution was carried
ln an amended form. Mr. Pete Cur-
ran (Labor M. P.) said that the workers, through the Territorial Army,
were now being told to defend their
own country, but they had yet to find
out which was their own country. His
Impression was that the industrial army of the various nations ought to be
prepared to join hands across the
stretch of ocean or frontier, to prevent
capitalism and landlordism from exploiting them. Speaking on the same
resolution, Mr. Will Thorne (Labor M,
P.) advocated the abolition of the regular and territorial forces of the country and replacing them with a citizen
army, while Mr. Ben Tillett of the
London Dockers' Union wound up the
debate and created a sensation by
calling Mr. Haldane and all the other
cabinet ministers liars,
A proposal was brought forward that
the congress should vote £1,000 in
aid of the Swedish strikers, but the
president ruled such a motion out of
A resolution expressing sympathy
with the Russian people in their struggle against blood-stained tsardom was
unanimously carried.
On Wednesday morning Mr. Samuel Gompers eddressed the congress
and in a rather weak speech presented fraternal greetings on behalf of tbe
A, F. of L.
Mr. J.Keir Hardie also had a few
words to say and received the applause and homage of the majority of
Routine business filled up the remainder of Wednesday and Thursday's sessions, most of which was of
an unimportant nature, except the resolution advocating the establishment
of a daily newspaper devoted to the
cause of Labor, which measure was,
however, defeated.
The  congress    then adjourned,  to
meet next year in Sheffield.
Yours for the Revolt,
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 25c, by mail
—Merrie England; Britain for the
British,, Blatchford. 20c. each by
mail,   tad for Citalogn.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Comrade Editor,—
If you will allow me space in our
paper, I would like to say a few words
regarding the article of Comrade W.
Wrigley, under the title of "Some Cent
Belt Comments," appearing on the
front page of the Issue of the Clarion
for Sept. 4th.
Comrade Wrigley writes of the resolution adopted at a local meeting of
Local Toronto, which was fully represented as far as the English-speaking
branch is concerned, and Comrade
Wrlgley's reference to resolution re
affiliation with International Bureau
and English branch, Toronto Local,
was more or less wilfully misrepresented, and in my opinion he should
hear more about his cent belt comment. We passed the said resolution
after hearing considerable discussion
for and against, the English-speaking
Comrades occupying the floor most of
the time. There were present 10 Jew
ish members, 1 Finn, 2 Italians; the
rest were English-speaking Comrades.
The resolution passed by a vote of 36
in favor to 7 against the resolution.
The foreign-speaking Comrades did not
Influence the vote in favor. Comrade
Wrigley was not at the meeting, so
he must have received his Information from unreliable sources, or from
some Comrade anxious to please him.
Speaking of the affiliation business,
It may not be right to affiliate, but anyway if Comrades of the S. P. of C.
wish to affiliate they will do so if they
have the might. I might mention two
of the reliable Comrades who were
present at the local meeting. They
were Comrades Phillips Thompson
and Comrade Peel. Both were In favor of the resolution, and If they do
not know where they stand, I never
will, and I might say the Comrade who
put forth tbe resolution was also commended for his perseverance in bringing his resolution to pass.
Whether the S. P. of C. affiliates
with the International or not, is not
the object of these lines, but I object
to seeing the English-speaking branch
misrepresented by any pioneer. In
spite of what he says, we have an intelligent rank and file here in Toronto.
Seeing lhat there were only 1 Finn, 2
Italians and 10 Jews, and suppose they
all voted lu favor of the resolution, we
still had 23 English-speaking Comrades
In favor of resolution, while 7 were
opposed. So it must be readily seen
that Toronto English-speaking branch
were misrepresented. I would advise
Comrades in the future not to take
Comrade Wrigley seriously, as he
seems to be a stranger to the truth,
and In his estimation the Jewish Comrades, the Finns, etc., are all opportunists, and most of the English-speaking Comrades too. Still we are not
lost yet; there are yet 7 Comrades in
Local Toronto who have the monopoly
of Socialism.
To finish, Toronto Local English-
branch is not growing any. Will it
grow, or will It be left in the backwash
of the revolutionary movement? If lt
is to grow, we must quit making a
kindergarten of it. Make Socialists
and keep them.
With no apologies, a Comrade In revolt,
Socialist mathematicians have figured out the Social Revolution as two
years overdue. To the casual observer,
with a world-wide range of thought, the
conditions for revolt have seemed ripe
for last ten years.   The greatest So
cialist thinkers of the last half century, have leaned against the future,
searching for signs of the coming
conflict. To-day the average worker is
apparently resigned to his fate, and
the Socialist to a degree of fatalism
which would be fatal indeed to any
other movement than this.
The question naturally arises, why
have not the workers responded to
the educational force of Socialist
Propaganda, to a greater extent than
they have done?
The workers of the wolrd are to-day
in a state of coma, apathetic,to Socialism, sullenly waiting for something to happen. They are asleep, and
until they are aroused to a state of
activity, cannot respond to educational influences. "Well," says the Socialist philosopher, "what of it? They will
wake up when they 'get wise' when
conditions are just so-and-so." Which
is so very .apparent, so true, that It
remains a wonder the "philosopher"
should break a "golden" silence with
this Socialist platitude.
But this educational method may be
disastrous, for education advances
partly by personal experience, but
mainly by the past experience • of
others, for instance, a mother knowing that fire is a danger to her little
boy, if he is ignorant of its power, and
the laws governing its use, applies
the proper amount of physical and
mental force on the boy's intelligence,
or anatomy, or both, educating him to
a safe use of fire, and what was a danger and a menace, becomes of the
highest value in manifold directions,
enabling him to simplify his existence
and sustain life, by conquering other
natural forces.
On the other hand, the "what-iB-to-be
will-be mother says " the burnt child
dreads the fire" and personal experience results in disfigurement, or a funeral, when all the "dread" and "knowledge" gained is buried with him. This
method of education is no boubt necessary with some children but it has
its limits.
Wake up! Mr. Philosopher! initiate
of the cult of "Omar," your wisdom
is of the owl variety, and about as
easily understood by the proletariat.
You have piped to the tune of the
"Theory of Value" and the workers
have not danced, (what's the use of
telling the propertyless he'B robbed
when none knows that fact better
than he). A "Kingsley" hurls his economic thunder bolts into a dazed
audience and brings down a freak or
two, but the mystified workerB go away
with a pain their Ihlnk-box; we
harp on the class struggle, then the
workers "know" the war Ib between
sections of the same class, the satisfied and the unsatisfied, the slave and
the parasite, the worker and the pimp.
There Is something wrong with a
propaganda that does not bring results. And the results thus far do not
look good to me, we have organized
the abnormal worker, the normal
slave is still scorching his "wings" at
at the candle tip of capitalism. Let's
wake up, study our position, and do
some "revising" here if necessary.
There is something holding us back
some great obstacle In our way. Let's
concentrate on It for a time, reach a
common level, for a fresh start.
What's the obstacle? Not the Church,
that's pliable, not the Capitalistic
system of education, that's incidental.
The fundamental obstacle to Socialism
is that society as a whole is still obsessed with the idea that riches will
cure their ills, and that they are
"smart" enough to obtain that commodity which contains the elements of all.
This is the magnet which holds the attention of the workerB of Canada today, blinding them to a realization of
their material interests by co-operation.
Show the workers the misery in the
homes^of the rich, and they will do
the rest. Break the magnetic force In
the fetishism of gold and the Social
Revolution is on, then the Class straggle will not be an abstraction, but
something tangible. This is the law.
Neither as Individuals, nor as a class,
can we better our condition under
Capitalism, we only lessen the Immediate fear of starvation, millions
cannot remove it.
In the interval why not have some
fun in "our" misery, by sending a
parliamentary contingent, strong enough to force an election every month.
It CAN be done!
Collected by Felix MynttU Su-
quash $12.00
Collected by John Mattlla, Rivers Inlet  .'  11.00
Collected by S. Hayrynen, Rivers Inlet       6.00
Collected by T. Tanner, Rivers
Inlet     7.00
Collected by John Rivers, Sointula     12.00
In Hands of Provincial Executive.
A. Hall   ,.'  11,00
Vancouver Finnish       7.05
Local Nanalmo, Finnish     2.50
(Continued from page one)
furthermore that Wiltshire is an elegant educated gentleman and O'Brien
an' unlettered timber rat. Bellamy's
"looking Backward" was the inspiration of the earlier period; "Socialism,
Utopian and Scientific" of the latter.
He that hath ears, let him hear.
Proposition three: "The three Socialist members have occupied their
seals for a number of years and the
Party lias never expressed itself as to
what they should do ln there." If
Com. S. would only use a little of his
valuable time now spent in studying
foreign programmes in finding out
what Is going on in Canada, he would
not make such an absurd statement.
Particularly would he refrain from
saying the Ms. P. P. in B. C. "may
keep quiet or vote for the shooting of
strikers," etc.
Let me tell him the Mb. P. P. are
directly responsible to the Locals in
the riding they represent and not infrequently consult theBe Locals as to
what attitude they shall assume on
certain measures, and sometimes the
members of these Locals call the Ms.
P. P. to time. And furthermore, the
Constitution doesx not say "the Provincial Executive shall draft the legislation," but that "it shall also have
power to draft legislation." (Art. HI,
Sec. 5). That does not mean it shall
draft all measures as Com. S. seems
to think.
Proposition four: "According to the
Constitution any gang of seven men
elevated by a little portion of Party
membership, has the right to impose
their peculiar Ideas upon the whole
S. P. of C."   Let us see.
Art. Ill, Sec. 3.—"The Provincial
Executive Committee has for its duty
(sub-sec. b): To receive propositions
relating to provincial affaire sent in
by any Local and submit the same to
the locals of the Province for en-
dorsation. If endorsed by the majority of Locals, to submit said proposition to a general vote of the Province." The same applies to the Dominion Executive (Art. IV, Sec. 1, sub-
Sec, d).
Art. V, Sec. 4.—"The Dominion convention shall decide the form of organization and draft the Party Platform." Sec. 6.—"All acts of the convention shall be submitted to the Locals for general vote."
Art. IV, Sec. 1.—"A referendum shall
be taken on any proposed amendment
to the Platform or Constitution, or on
any matters of general interest to the
Sec. 2 gives any Local power to
appeal to the Party conventions.
Read your Constitution, Comrade,
and on the last page you will find
these words:
"The pernicious activity of a few
who are qualified to find fault and
pick flaws can easily nullify the
work of the many who are actuated
solely by a desire to build up the organization by furthering its work."
Regarding the "gang of sceven," the
Constitution gives any Local power
to augment this by sending one of Its
own members (Art. Ill, Sec. 1). If a
member of any Local in B. C. should
be taking up residence in Vancouver
his Local can vote him on to tbe Executive Committee.
I will now revert to the question
of tactics. Com. S. Is greatly in love
with European methods. It is notorious that European Socialist Ms. P.
openly disregard the mandate of the
Party members. The motion which I
quoted at the beginning of this article
shows that the membership are getting tired of It. Their opinion is: "It
must once for all be unmistakably
expressed whether the Party's point
of gravity shall be the parliamentary
chambers or whether ln the last Instance serious Party decisions shall
not rest with the masses. "How about
It, Immediate demanders?
| Com. S. says this is the whole Immediate demand question, but It Ib
'not. Party jurisprudence never has
been discussed ln the reform and revolution articles; nor ln Ihe Clarion. It
was discussed at the last Inter-Provln-
cial convention and formulated as ln
the Constitution, and if It comes to
laying down a course of action and
having It ignored, a la Bernstlen and
McDonald, or giving our Ms. P. P. a
free hand, put me down for the latter.
Com. S. states in the earlier part of
his articles that he could not explain
a certain part of the S. P. of C.'s Platform, yet in the end he uses this very
unexplainable part to eject the revolutionists from the Party. He pities
Jour "scientific ignorance," which helps
some. He pities us.. Read this. Mark
it and inwardly digest it. "I know one
thing, that whenever it comes to deeds
ithe English revolutionists were always
! conspicuous by their absence. (Where
jwere the Winnipeg revolutionists at
the time of the May Day demonstration?) "He pities us." Well, out of
this commiseration for us, perhaps
he will prove these three propositions
wrong: —
(1) Reforms do not' reform, but
merely shift the burden from one
shoulder to the other.
(2) Reforms when enacted are never enforced if detrimental to the Interests of capital.
(3) Reform tactics never make Socialists. —J- H.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore
master; the worker a slave. •
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers ot the State will be uaed to
protect and defend their property rights ln the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker ah ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies ln the direction ot setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of the working-class.
at the point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property ln tha means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure It by political action. This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property ot the
working class.
S. The democratic organization and management ot Industry
by the workers.
S.   The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers In
their class struggle against capitalism? If It will the Socialist
Party Is tor it; If it will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its handa In such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
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