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Western Clarion Jan 15, 1910

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Array 562.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, January 15, 1910.
-.ubM-riininn Prlee   A*.* a|
ess v...      91.09
A CHAMPION OF
\
It is now up to the Canadian working class to set aside a special period
for rejoicing and thanksgiving. A
"leader" has been found for us—no
less a personage than Mr. Verville of
Maisonneuve. In a speech that' has
been hailed by the Labor (?) press as
a masterpiece of forceful logic and
which, for lis utter absurdities, will deserve a pedestal in a freak museum a
few years hence, he begs that the
lords of creation—Laurier, King, et al
—pass an eight-hour hill for government employees.
,1 repeat, fellow workers, Rejoice!
For have we not been told many times
by our friends who are "Socialists,
too, to a certain extent, but Good God,
man, don't go to the extreme," that
tne one thing the Socialist movement
lacks is a competent "leader"? Now
we have him and he is already in a
position to make the masters tremble
(Siith laughter), having been twice returned to represent the labor (?) district of Maisonneuve ln the House of
Common Thieves.
Tbe masterpiece of logic of which
our friend Verville is guilty contains
the following gems: "Let the working
peqple ask (not demand—perish the
tbougbt!) what they think is right
(ok, hell!) and let them dlscuss-tt with
their employers" at sundry little love
can under present conditions? Then
there is the question of the unemployed We want to make more
work (now, wouldn't that kill you!
Say, are any of you fellows really anxious to work? Do you want anybody
to "make" work for you? Or is it, perchance, the pay-envelope you are
reaching for?) so that those who are
now unemployed may have something
to do. But, it may be said, if you
agree that we (Imagine M. P.'s as producers of anything other than hot air!)
can produce as much in a short day
as in a long one, how Is it possible
that we are going to give work to the
unemployed?" "
And now, dear readers, prepare for
a shock. Presumably you will heartily
kick yourselves when you have perceived how simple and easy the solution is, and your own shameful lack of
mentality ln having failed to think of
it before. We Socialists are mutts.
But give ear". The oracle has spoken.
Hats off, vermin! "I answer, by giving
greater purchasing power to a man
than he has at the present time." So
original, doncher know. And to think
that it never occurred to us before!
It may be denseness on my part, but
I have failed to see how the hell the
purchasing power of the workers is to
be  increased    appreciably under  the
feasts,  we presume.    Under the aus-1 conditions outlined    by Mr. Verville.
pices of the "Citlaen's Alliance"   or Of course he knows and will perhaps
"Civic   Federation,"   or   perhaps   the
"Board of Trade."   Hallelujah! breth
ren. The problem is solved! Why
the bell didn't some mntton-headed
Socialist think of that before! Now
we'll have to take a back seat In the
face of Mr. Vervllle's marvellous originality of thought and expression.
All hail! "Labor's foremost champion!"
Here's another—"There are classes
ef one kind and classes of i another
kind." Illuminating, isn't it? He is
almost as clear on the class struggle
as some of our Fabian friends (ahem)
In fact, upon second thought, I think
be even excels many of the quacks and
fakers who have, lately been sticking
U,ke .barnacles to the S. P. of C. (By
ih-8 :way! iwhat do yon think of the
Social-Democratic Herald and its "con
tjt^uctive',' .programme, friend Kings-
". 5J^t':sflptBer—"It was stated that I
-tfaBJed to' .make a-lion', of Myself by
posing as a defender of labor in tt)is
[i$ttie.''■'-. ... Under these condi-
ttthis It is -absolutely unfair (and 111
'''t&'jft-iwitiier. to nqw!);.to <°tinfi
aom$$jfflf sgainM nte" ^'-"Uiltif,
frirtd yei-HUe. YoViw'Sni-iitted , all
rM$si.' Aitex <jW«fi^:,^vi«?M«ig .ute-
e-Waenff m feerth)M> i#e bruAbeettt
w*-ge-m*»Ies (who said asses?) will immediately acquit you of any desire to
further their inter-its-. But '.we —**■'
confess that we had a.htgher optnlpn of
xv 'Mimm^^^F^m^'m
-mate that you jwwld let # .oat,
Q*t of the'bag in this wise. -I**.))**
reat*-aat qf dM-cuse .tor your .e-dstence!
as a Labor .11. P. has been tpnyoyed.
Ta-Ta!    Step,down, "labor's foremost
champion," from thy .exalted position! ,
.But dig the coal dust out of your
ears, y.ou fellows who worship at the
Bjujfne of Verville, Smith. Puttee and
o|her ahining lights of Canadian Queer
JjWdteism. HiBt! "To command the
respect of my fellow-workers in thiB
country it is not necessary ... to
bring a measure of this kind before
the House," meaning, we presume, that
the working mules would vote for him
whether he made an effort to do anything for them or not. Of course tbe
' mules who elected him are not capable
of being insulted by anything be may
say, so all's well. Probably tbey sent
j^-p to parliament to get one of the
lfpeinplpyed c-ff their hands and enable
him to cash aft annual cheque tor $2,-
■HfrVW'^^.lMW expected Mm to
add somewhat to the "dignity of la-
bot." ybtfaip theijr motives, he has
added materially ,to the injrth df nn-
Uons by his latest deliverance, so be
has his useful points,
Again be says: "Are we willing to
admit that it (the sighf-hour pill) will
*u-aoralize produetioji, egwetylT when'
H waa proven last year that we (Holly
•ftfMrf •***• "*•"**•»»» tmty* -
f^**h* a shorter day as we (again)
the government for having appointed
a minister of labor (at a salary of
$5000 per), who can devote all his time
and energy to the study ot labor questions" (More thorough means of skin
ning the workers and keeping them
In Ignorance of the process), etc.
Now a last word, for this is ungodly
long (say, Mc, If you consign this to
the W. P. B. I'll never write another).
Think of the glory that would have
been ours had we endorsed this Verville and his friends Puttee, Smith, etc.
and sent an aggregation of Labor-So
cialists to the House, as a lot of our
reformist friends (?) and Comrades (?)
have many times advised. How chesty we would have felt had a man for
whom we had voted made such an ass
of himself as has Verville, This should
be a mighty good lesson to all those
who have advocated other than clear-
cut Socialist tactics.
ROSCOE A. FILLMORE.
RETALIATION.
enlighten us ere long.
But the worst ls yet to come. After
talking a few vague paragraphs about
a lot of things that he knows nothing
about, Mr. Vrevllle caps the climax
wben he exclaims: "When depression
comes, over-production comes as a result of it. (Oh, ye gods! Wonder if
he means that as a joke? If so, it
should be labeled.) During the depression to which I have referred (1907-?)
the stores were full of goods from top
to bottom (true, by ginger) and every
man in the country was wearing as
many clothes as he was before. (Bet-
oher life. We were clothel in purple
and fine linen lhat time and got the
fancy duds' soiled riding in side-door
Pullmans, eh! "Rambler?") There was
over-production because, there was too
many hours. of labor -in- the different
industries." Another fine point that we
have missed altogether, and yet we
claim to be. students of Marx'. Back
to the yroofls, dense Socialist!
'-B?t; ye godsl Listen'!— ''VSjhen the
marhet is full of goods .we are obliged
to'^joji-r our doors." "^oW, does that
Jit in With the other sUtenw»t-*-'";When'
cUr-reseton •;' .comes over-production
i fiojfifJB as a result of ,tt"T ./'■ ■'•■ I
GEtat, hellr we have gone tar enough
into this mass of a^ui*JnW The
tltae.bj .not tar distant When the work-
■ere will kick' tbe tar out of such par.
rots as Verville a*d win send men
who can do better than mix a few eeon-i
'! **& toXB* ***$ ir* J?.*" •• »Mh anc,:
-The^lty of It rftoogi' .Uuttthe wort
ers should fend a man to parliament to
beg for crumbs. I use the term "beg"
advisedly. Veryilje, in order to placate the capitalist spitoon-bearers who
infest.the House, tells them that tbe
workers cap produce just as much in
eight hours as in ten. Then, to make
his postlon safe with the workers who
elected him, he promises a marvellous
decrease in unemployment should his
bill pass. Fancy the representative (?)
of the Canadian working class going
before the House and talking in tbis
wise: "Massa, give us the eight-hour
day. We don't aim to cut down your
dividends. God forbid! We realize
that our glorious position (abem) as
an independent part of tbe glorious
(ahem) Empire upon which the sun
never sets (burr) depends wholly upon your ability and willingness to allow us to produce dividends for yon.
We solemnly promise to give you just
as much profit, possibly more, as heretofore, and pledge purBelves not to ask
for more soy-belly and greens than we1
have enjoyed (?) ln the past We also
Pledge t-urselyes to, In some manner,
to Be later elaborated, remove from
yoijr .sight this unwashed, unshaven:
^.gtjjjjrn-ployed. In short, ma»aaj
we are your most humble," etc.
lh.;c]ealy^'pyy^^'.ed|ii«sB,Mr>
Verville lays: "I am ready to ths**
State, society and church condemn
retaliation, and all three practice it as
though it was one of the greatest virtues known. The ground taken by
some of the workers In the McKee's
Rock strike is supposed to be worthy
of condemnation, yet the three divisions of society named above practice
and teach it persistently.
The state says: "if you take human
life we will take your life."
Society, or the people at large, says
"It is right, and the only protection
society has, to take the life of the
life- taker."
The church, by Its support of the
man made law of capital punishment,
and often by pulpit and press announcement, gives its backing to th',<
custom.
And so in all matters we are taught
that it is right for the masters to retaliate but wrong for the workers to
retaliate.
Sometimes we are told that it is
right for the majority to do what it-
would be wrong for the minority to
do. And when the minority want an
excuse for an act that has been looked
upon as, a right only of the majority,
they get their government to put a
three-fifth clause In the law to enable
them tp do 'their will.
Now, if the will of the majority is
the law, then the will of the workers
Is always right and lt is not "anarchistic" when the workers are a law
unto themselves in their own interests, even if they strike back the same
kind of a blow that is being dealt out
to them.
It has always been characteristic
of slaves that one master with a whip
could flay any number of slaves without resistance on the slaves' part.
This seems to be one of tne most
marked characteristics of the wage
slaves of today. Although tbe "cat"
or "knout" is a thing of the past to a
very large degree, yet the idea of the
sacredness of the capitalist made law
keeps the worker on his knees and on
his best "behaviour just as effectively
as the "cat" did before in the hands
of the master.
In earlier days the master scorned
to do the whipping himself. He hired
a slave to do this disagreeable part
for him. And today though he has
changed .his weapon he has not changed his method. He now hires a wage
slave to wield the baton for him. If
you touch his special slave you have
disgraced yourself and have become
an outlaw. If his special slave pounds
you nearly to death he nas exalted his
patriotism. If you retaliate toward
him for his attack on you, you be'
come an object for the law to deal
with. If he retaliates toward you and
happens to kill you, he is commended
for having done his duty.
Could anything be more indicative
of slavery on the part of the worker
than the fact that he admits the justice of a law that allows his master
to retaliate against him and at tbe
same time forbids his retaliation
against his master?
Will the worker ever learn that the
law has two sides. It is made for the
master's salvation and for the worker's condemnation.      A. F. COBB.
TAKE  NOTICE.
Locals wishing to have Commissioners for taking Affidavits appointed to
put men on the voters' list in their
district, should send in the names to
Comrades Hawthornthwaite or Williams now.
N.  B.—It  is   necessary   to send full
name (Christian and surname), full
address and cccupation.
Someone 'handed this paper .to you
as you were coming out of the factory
the other .day. May be you wonder
who- gave it to you. Probably you
wonder .wlhybe gave it to .you. I'm.
going to tell, you all about it.
The fellow ..who gave you the paper,
was a Socialist, more than that, he.
was a member of the Socialist Party,
of  Canada.    (Ever heard  about  th at .find that one worker gives this paper
Party ..before? No! Well, then, you
will beer shout it quite a tot In the
near future, i
.fsrt^^Vectation of dense \ Well, lets get on about the Socialist who gave you -this paper. What is
a Socialist anyhow? ,
First, let me tell you what be is
not. He Is not a fellow who "believes
In" dividing up the wealth of the country. He wants to stop "dividing up."
He is not a chap who 'believes in"
equal wages for every man. As a rule
you will find that he don't "believe in"
very much.    He knows!
Knows what?
Oh, just a few simple facts. He
knows that he has had a pretty rough
time of it making a living in the world
for himself and those depending on
him. He knows that quite a lot of
people have a much better time of it
than he has. People too, he knows,
who contribute nothing towards the
production of any useful article or
commodity in the world. He also
knows that the entire working clasB
has gone through the same mill as lie
has. Knows too that his masters, the
capitalist class, all enjoy the same
good time out of the workers' labor.
The Socialist knows that labor pro-
duces all wealth and also knows that
"to the worker flows only a small proportion of that wealth, about one-flfih,
In "this Canada of OURS." The name
he has for that kind of thing is ROBBERY. -Naturally he doesn't like Ut
be robbed. ' \
If Now tf»:*ru*stt»n arises: How is he
going to atop' the roebnyT  Tkete ww
have the reason why be gave you the
paper. He wants you to read the paper. Talk it over with your neighbors and, wonk-jnates, and, then sub*
scribe for it. ?h»ve. is a. fellow In
your 9hop who will be glad to take
your subscription. You know Mm—
he's a (Socialist, .too.
So when  w<e come to sum up  we
THE SEASON'S GREETINGS
to another worker in the hones that he-
may realise Wb''position in capitalist
society today and help the flrst worker in throwing'off his back the ones
Who are robbing bin*. He doesn't give
you the paper .because he loves you—
oh, no! So please don't flatter yourself on that account. HE LOVES
HIMSELF and wants you to think a
little more of yourself than you do
now.
You can do this by reading this sample, paper. Then subscribing for lt
regularly. Then, when you want to
know the meanings of the long and
hard words that you will sometimes
see in the Clarion—well, I would advise you to attend some Socialist meeting in your town and ask questions.
Then you will be told what is meant
by "labor power," "wages," "capital"
—(sorry, old chaps, but you don't
know what even tljese words mean),
"commodities," "surplus value," "robbery of tbe producer," "economic determinism," and, so on.
You see it's quite essential that you
know something about these things,
tor they concern you very closely; In
fact, it is only your own Ignorance
that keeps you in tbe state of slavery
that you are in now. So don't blame
1% on the bosses, or the lawyers, or
Xhe preacherB, or anyone else"; but
te-ke spur medicine like a man and
lor ybj-r own sake GET WISE.
■     ,;W. p.   |
P. ■,«,--Ihe fellow who wrote this la
• sieve, too. That's why he wrete It.
Along with the other portion of humanity the working people have been
once more wishing each other "A happy and properous«aNew Year." Each
recurring season this is kept up, plainly oblivious to the fact that the New
Year's happiness is of extremely short
duration, usually petering out with
the cold dawn of January 2nd. From
that time on the conditions around
them are not new, but old and anything but happy. The expressions of
good-will of the "festive season" don't
appear at this time to amount to much
and the average worker will still quite
easily recognize his photograph with
his nose to the grindstone as being
a true likeness. If the school of experience is the only one wherein,
.knowledge of any value is gained, it
would appear about time the working
class acquired sufficient wisdom to
see through this old "con." game and'
quit fooling themselves.
Recently in company with a wage
slave who was delivering some charity junk known as "comebacks or leftovers," I had occasion to enter one
of those capitalist institutions where,
many of the human derelicts of the
industrial seas drift previous to their
final collapse. On the walls were to
be noticed several mottoes, signs and
inscriptions, chiefly of a scriptural
character. Most appeared to be written in English, but there was one—
the largest—which was done in Latin
and quite familiar to me; it runs: —
"Gloria in "Excelsis Deo.'' Being asked by a man sitting there if I knew
what It meant, I gave' hlrff'tbe same
answer as had been given me many
years ago to a similar question—"No,
bnt I can tell you what it says,—
leaving him then to work out the
meaning for himself, but feeling sure
that he would express the height of
his glory by eating all his stomach
would hold just as soon as he could
get at the gruh he was waiting for..
As of yore, there has been much talk
of gifts and presents and the ancient
advice, "lt is more blessed to give
than to receive, "has again been heard
ln the land, it always appeared to me
that they who most freely uttered this
were generally more anxious to fill the
supposedly less blessed part of receiver than that of the giver. Still
lt must -be plain that without the receiver there could be no giver, one being the complement of the other. This
of course might make it difficult to
see where the blessedness comes in,
.even if the term is vague; but the principles of logic.don't apply in this case,
else what would become bf the idea
of "rewards"?
As to good-will, I read the.other day
that the police in one of. the coast
cities of the great republic bad orders,
not to arrest any but .the basest of
criminals—for a. specified time—as a
practical and concrete demonstration
of "peace on earth, good-will toward
men" lt Is to be feared that such lawless action on their part was clearly
against tbe constitution, but for the
fact that it only lasted 24 hours, It will
be let pass.
Another item that I noticed in a
conspicuous place In one of tht dallies
referred to the giving to Its employees
of a present of one year's salary. The
New York banks of 3. P. Morgan &
Co. got the credit for this as an expression of the company's good-will,
but on reading still farther I came
across tho following piece of news that
will more readily be believed than the
previous Btuff. I have clipped the Item
from the San Francisco Examiner of
Dec. 26, 1909:
"Carbondale (Pa.), Dacember 25.
—Nlnteen employees of the Delaware
and Hudson Railway shops were discharged yesterday because they weigh
less than 150 pounds, and it is expected that others under this weight
will Iobo their positions soon. The
weight limit Is said to have been fixed
owing to the Idea tbat a mature man
weighing less than 150 pounds does
not possess the physical' strength to
do a normal man's work."
That seems more like the stuff I
am acquainted with In real life- The
real "newe" in the above des*.atoh
ought to help weede-fully in drlvinc
pie a realization of their slavish post*
tion in the present scheme of things,
and enable them to firmly grasp the
fact that they are actually but animated packages of merchandise, which, lit
comparison with other commodities,
are mighty cheap goods. Will they1
balk now when the Socialist tells them
the truth that they are wage-slaves,
the meanest and most abject slaves
that ever were? "Weighed and found
wanting," indeed literally, and then
thrown on the junk pile to rot.
A nice Christmas gift—"Peace and
good-will." Perhaps the Victoria Col'
onist will read this and apolglze 'to
Comrade Hawthornthwaite now, with
the additional evidence for what 6b«
tains in the U. S. A. goes ln Canada
too. We already know there Is an
age limit set, also one of color and
race and several other ci ii cations
of the quality ot the goods to be
bought and sold. Now added to these
is the valuation of quantity, 150 lbs.
in the D. & H. R. Shops. It will be
applied to other Industries without delay. Tbe capitalist owners of the
means of wealth production demand
that their slaves fit the mold of the
machine, and they can be got. Slaves
are more plentiful than jobs, and so
long as the present owners control the
political power and reap the benefits
of economic power thereby, we of the
working class shall remain but things
and wares. What more bitter lessons
must be added to teach us our burden
of shame and stir In us the spirit of
revolt to sweep 'away forever at one
stroke the capitalist system of production for profit?
RAYNOR.
BABEL.
Dear Comrades,—Election madness
runs riot here now; reports of the latest oration from the political windjammers of the day continue to nauseate
one with their fulsome adoration ot
the dear workingman and solicitude
his welfare. Posters and cartoons fill
every vacant hoarding, exhorting thfl
dear creature to stand against the
PeerB, or oh the' ether hand, to Vote
for a stronger navy to protect his
borne. His home; which he" never
owned, where, 'lie has the privilege of
hiding his poverty from the''curious
gaze of the mob.
Lloyd Qeorge and Churchill go theif
rounds vehemently denouncing the
LordB as enemies of the people. The
Lords retaliate by taking tbe stump,
and in turn pour vitriolic abuse on'the
Socialist Radicals. Yes, indeed, and
the mob of, workers 'divided applaud
ope side or the other. The "independent" Labor Party champions of the
working class, when It suits their pur-
.pps«, demand the abolition of tn*
Lords, and in order to accomplish this
worthy object, anile forces with the
Progressive Party!?) whose leader has
said he will' not take office with the
Lords, still as at present constituted.
I Robert Blatohtord writes articles, In
the Daily Mall, pointing out the grave
danger of an attack on "our" country
by the Germans; articles eagerly used
by the Tories, and BlaUhford comes
In for every nice remark from said
Tories And some i-nklnd ones from
Keir Hardie.
Yet ln the midst of it all, Blatcbford
wails in the Clarion, where Is Socialism. Yes, where is It; nowhere In
this campaign of hot air. Not in the
programs of the "Labor" candidates of
the country. One sees and heara of
such things as "Don't tax the people's
food," "Away with prlvllogea," etc., but
one looks In vain for the cry of the
social revolution.
It is relieving to turn from home
news to the Western Clarion and read
of a coming revolution there which
bodes no good to capitalism In British
Columbia. Well done, comrades; you
are ln the van ot tbe oncoming forces
of labor, and surely the time wlll come
here, too, when all middle class parties
will be cleared away as In British Col'
umbla, and leave tbe field clear for
the Qnlsh fight. May It some soon.
Fqr the revolution,
Stavely, England. F., S. F.
through the shells of the working pec*1 ,mtt
1* everybody's name on the voter*1 THE  WESTERN  CLAMOR yfflCQ\JV&t, jMUTISH CpUJMBlA.
■■•MRUHOAy,.. JANUARY, lath,. 1»10.
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563
Watch the label on your paper. If this number Is on it,
year subscription expires the
nest issue.
8ATURDAY, JANUARY 15th, 1910.
STRIKES.
When it comes to misrepresenting,
or distorting facts, it would appear
as though tlie much-berated capitalist press is by no means the only sinner. The "Labor" press is quite notoriously its twin brother in this respect, but the Socialist press is by
no means guiltless also.
For instance, the result of the Swedish strike has all along the line, so
far as we have read, been represented in the Socialist papers as a victory
for the workers, while, as a matter of
fact, we learn from a Comrade who
is just returned from Sweden that a
more complete defeat could hardly be
•conceived.
He tells us that, except in the case
of some of the smaller employers, the
outcome has been an absolutely unconditional surrender on the part of
the workers, with the blacklist working full blast, and in many cases, a reduction of wages.
In one sense, however, this has been
a victory for the workers. In the
same sense in which all our defeats
are victories, and most of our victories defeats. One thing alone is to
be gained by a strike if lt is to be a
victory, that lacking it is a defeat.
That one thing ls knowledge.
And that one thing our press withhold from the workers when they,
mistakenly thinking to add prestige
to the prowess of labor, distort or suppress the facts of a defeat. For defeat unacknowledged, its lessons cannot be driven home.
Aside from a scarcity in the labor
market, more favorable conditions for
a strike could hardly be asked than
in this case. The workers had good
and sufficient cause to strike. They
were splendidly organised. Displayed
unwavering solidarity, unexcelled fortitude and perfect discipline. The government interfered, for a government,
hut very little, The financial support
from the workers qf other lands was
as good as could be expected under
any circumstances. Their officials
were faithful and resourceful. What
more could be asked? Their demands
were modest enough- And yet the outcome Is an unconditional surrender.
Is there not tn ifals a lesson to be
pointed well worth the frank acknowledgement of defeat? On the other
hand, what Is to be gained by concealing the fact? Of course there are
some to whose pet theories on proletarian tactics such an acknowledgement would be hardly advantageous.
But, for the. proletariat Itself, It is
nothing short of a crime to do augbt
else but face tbe cruelest of truths
and profit thereby.
Why did tbe strike fall? Surely
the answer is plain. The workers
cannot for long lire without selling
their power to miner. The capitalists
can live quite I ail ('finitely without buying it. They have Ihe upper hand
there. We must sell SOON. They
need not buy for a while at any rate.
Meeting them there, as merchant
against merchant, we meet them
where they are strongest and we are
weakest. Our very numbers count
against us. We aro on their battleground.
What elBe can we do? We can meet
them as slaves in revolt against their
masters. Determined to break their
rule and to break it at all costs. Not
as merchants against merchants, but
as class against class, warring ruthlessly for the mastery of the earth.
When that same solidarity, fortitude
and discipline shall be displayed in
the class struggle for the sceptre of
nilership, we will know defeat no
more. There our numbers will count
ln our favor, whether we war by the
ballot or whether a ruder arbltrement
becomes necessary.
We will break their rule—their power to coerce. It is we that will then
have that power aud they who will
have to bow to our mandate.
NOT SO LONESOME.
That the wage slave is a sucker
mostly all down the line, '.a something
which he has successfully demonstrated so repeatedly that nobody but a
wage slave or a polictlcian out of office
would dream of denying it, but he is
In no danger of being lonesome in
suckerdom.
He, at any rate, is not supposed to
be "brainy," as brainy is understood
in bourgeois society. His horny hands
are proverbial, by tacit consent no
reference ls made to his head. That
is merely a convenient vehicle for his
eyes and his appetite alley. Otherwise he ls not reckoned to need it
much in his line of business.
But with the "business man" it Is
quite the reverse. Braininess must
be his most essential characteristic if
he is to remain in business. It is by
his "brains" he makes his living.
Therefore by all the laws of natural
and artificial selection, his evolution
should be, not towards, but away from,
the sucker type. But there is ample
proof that he Isn't evolving that way
worth a cent.
That Canadian Northern Railway
was good sucker bait, we admit. But
our own tribe were not the only suckers that bit, and they always bite anyhow. The business men to whom
that "competing railroad" looked so
good, will And, when the said railroad arrives on the scene of their
earnest endeavors, that the competition has been left behind on a sidetrack.
Then presumably "we" will have to
donate a tide fiat or two to Jim Hill
to come to our rescue. Well, we don't
care. We haven't anything to lose
but our chains, and Jim Hill is not collecting that kind of bric-a-brac.
We might mention that Jim Hill is
the identical gentleman about whom,
in particular, Charles Edward Russell
is putting up a woeful wail—at the
regular magazine rates, we presume.
And Dan Mann is following pretty
closely and conscientiously in Jim's
footsteps.
Before the Great Northen came into
competition with it, the extortionate
Northern Pacific charged a freight
rate to Spokane, for instance, equal
to the rate through Spokane to Seattle and back to Spokane. Providence,
celedrated for it readiness in tempering the wind to the shorn lamb, sent
Jim Hill to the rescue with a Great
Northern Railroad, which, of course.
needed the usual encouragement in
the shape of rights-of-way, cash bonuses, etc. Spokane was no more to he
thus oppressed. Spokane rejoiced and
came through with the encouragement
necessary, and now, if it doesn't like
the way the N. P. R. treats It, it can
Bhip its freight by the G. N. R.—at the
same old rate.
Over here the C. P. R. is doing the
very same thing as the N. P. R. did
there. And the C. N. R. is coming in
on the same errand, professidly; as
the G. N. R. did. It ls getting similar
encouragement on a similar pretext.
Even the names have a happy similarity. And we are quite prepared to
stake the whole of our wide and valuable reputation for veracity upon the
outcome being exactly similar, probably even to the very magazine articles
tbe occasion will evoke.
PIE OR NO PIE.
Unfortunately as lt Is, the American
trade unionists will probably continue
to be "blind to these defects." If the
Socialists continue to lay down the
condition, "Eat our pie, or no pie at
all."—Weekly Bulletin, Sam. Landers,
Editor.
Precisely "Brother" Landers. ■ If you
won't eat our pie whose pie are you
going to eat? The capitalists are not
passing any pie your way, except, of
course, an occasional Individual leader
may get a small slice, for services rendered. But as a bunch, where do you
get off at.   Any pie?
So "eat our pie or no pie at all."
What else can you do?' You haven't
got the goods to make a pie of your
own. Your trades unions have been
organized quite a long time now. Are
you any nearer the pie counter? You
have higher wages, you say? Maybe,
but are you living higher? Are you,
ln fact, living as high as in the days
of lower wages, and lower prices? Ask
any wage-worker's wife. She can tell
you without a solitary statistic.
You object to "swallowing the Socialist programme holus-bolus." Very
well then. What do you propose to
do? You are not prepared to overturn
society. Not at all. You are eminently practical men and merely seek to
achieve the impossible. To "better"
your condition within a society wherein your conditions can change only for
the worse. The proof? Ask tho housewife. Or else, If you prefer It, disprove It by telling us what you have
got to show for your years of effort
and your millions of expenditure. Nothing?
And, while you have made so little
headway, or rather bo much leeway,
In the past, do your chances look any
better for the future? Possibly they
may, to one who Ib enjoying a "decent Income" as a Labor leader, but
to what can either Labor or. leader
point as auguring well for the- future
of Labor under Capitalism?
We.cannot force our "bolus" down
your throat, but Time Will, Until then
we must continue to travel our seper-
ate ways. You cannot unite with us
until you are of us; and we will not
unite with you until you are. If we
did you would, instead of our bolus,
swallow us. Some of us, of course,
might then contrive to receive remuneration as munlficlent as a Labor leader's, but none of us would arrive anywhere.
We cannot fore our "bolus" down
few of you to advantage; for whenever we swallow anything we are unable to assimilate   there   is   neither
chief opponent, They assert .we wantonly attack them, and cast slurs on
their man-God, their Anthropomorphic-
Deity, out of sheer perverseness and
heathenism; but a perusal of their
tactics from the time of Constantine,
when Christianity was adopted as the
siate religion of the Roman. Empire,,
which found its collection of national
deities totally inadequate aud uusulted
to Its intei national character—up till
the present time, will conclusively
prove who is the chief aggressor and
transgressor in all these attacks, and
the reason for the same.
The Christian church Is entirely op-
peace nor rest within us until we have J posed  to the "eating  of the tree  of
vomited you forth again
So we can only repeat "eat our pie
or no pie." Eventually you will have
to eat our pie, for there Is no pie else
for you. We can get along without
you, and you think you can get along
without us; but presently the time will
come when you will find that without
us you are nothing.
DISINTERESTED     GENEROSITY?
The Fernle Ledger makes the clearly class conscious and very important
statement that "The employees of the
Crow's Nest Trading Company store
received handsome Christmas remembrances this year, the total aggregating
$500. This company has always given
generously to its employees." To a
Socialist, however, this would appear
as proof positive that the employees
had always given generously to the
company.
SOCIALISM   AND   RELIGION.
Much ill-feeling is engendered
against Socialism through a misapprehension of the Socialist standpoint as
regards religion ln general, and,
among ourseleves, Christianity in particular; and I sincerely believe if w»
made ourselves plainer on this point,
our progress would be Infinitely much
greater than it is at present.
The feeling prevalent among non-
students of Socialism—and even
among many Socialists—is that Socialism necessarily Implies atheism, or
an utter disbolief in the existence of
a supreme being or beings. This feeling causes most religiously inclined
people to fear anything Socialistic in
character, and to even fear the reading
of Socialist literature, and the listening to its speakers.
No doubt much of this effect is
caused by many infidels—that is, infidels from the Christian standpoint,
which embraces all Buddhists, Mahom-
edans, Confucians, and all other re*
llglons which do not believe in the
divinity of Jesus Christ, or never
heard of him—being found among the
Socialists; but the fact is entirely
overlooked by them that infidels and
atheists also abound among Conservatives and Liberals, both openly and
privately, though mostly privately,
since the knowing ones among them
recognize that religion is a good thing
—for the working man, since it.teaches him his proper place ln the scheme
of things, and more especially, servility—and should be recognized and
encouraged, outwardly at least.
All religions are speculations on
"the chief end of man," why, whence,
and whither; what is he here for;
where did he come from; and where
does he go after his worldly toll ls
ended and he has "shuffled off this
mortal coll."
Socialism ls concerned only with
the social ownership of the means of
production, as opposed to class ownership, and ls a distinctly material consideration, based on our existence in
this world NOW, and has nothing
whatever ln common with speculations
on the origin of life or tbe hereafter;
except that ln freeing the workers
from slavery to the machine of production, and. the capitalist from tbe
slavery of the "golden calf," lt will
give the mass of humanity time and
opportunity to cultivate their mental
powers, and search out the "riddle of
the universe," Individually and collectively. Religion ls metaphysical; Socialism is physical)
On no Socialist Platform or Manifesto do we question the right of a
member to hold any, or no, religious
opinion or belief he may desire. Deists, atheists, Christians, Buddhists,
are all welcomed; but their religion Is
their own individual concern, and
must always remain so.
Socialism is an outcome of the evils
of our present economic system, and
alms and intends to marshal humanity under a sane system of social ownership of the means of sustenance,
whereby each individual wlll obtain
control of his or her own product, and
of that alone, and wlll have access to
the means of production whim he ot
she so desires; thus eliminating starvation in the midst of plenty, and freeing the workers from their present
slavery. It will thus be seen that lt
is a question altogether foreign to religious speculations.
However, in our propaganda to accomplish this end, we meet our strongest opposition from the religious orders; and among the'white peoples,
who are principally professing Christians of various .denominations and
sects, Romanist, ..and Rrqte^tant, we
naturally find the Christian church our
knowledge," and has consistenly and
ruthlessly opposed the advance of scientific knowledge, even to the murder
of its advocates, and has spared no
pains In searching them out. A perusal of the history of the Dark Ages,
when the church was In the ascendant, will verify this statement. It has
been estimated that over nine millions
were tortured to death, drowned and
burned at the stake, for opposing its
authority In some form; and quite recently we have an instance in Ferrer,
the Spanish educationalist. The
church consistenly opposes the enlightenment of the "lower orders," for
the simple reason that their power over
the masses Is only maintained by keeping them in ignorance.
The Socialists endeavor to educate
the masses, the too-humble worker,
and re-create In them their lost spirit
of manhood and thus we run counter
of the church at every turn. Mental
chains are the worst kind of chains,
and in combatting the doctrine, "Servants, obey your masters," with one of
"social equality," and the elimination
of servants and masters, we are bound
to run foul of the church; but this
does not necessarily imply that we
are opposed to the idea of a God. Many
God-fearing people are to be found in
our ranks.
In its origin, the Christian movement was undoubtedly nothing more
nor less than a labor movement, a desire of the Roman slaves to free themselves from their economic masters;
and anyone joining their ranks had to
"give all he had to the poor" and follow Jesus (a name which is found
among ourselves in the form of Joshua, or Jesse). They lived in the form
of a commune; held all goods in common; and aimed at "inheriting the
earth." Only Jews were at first accepted into the ranks of "the faithful" (they were not known as Christians until u later period), but latterly the Gentiles were also embraced;
and from an exclusively national Jewish conception, it has grown into an
international form. But iu this change
and especially from the time of its
"seizure" by Constantine, its form entirely changed, and from being a
means to accomplish the emancipation
of workers, it has changed into a
means for their oppression.
it is today nothing more nor less
than a class weapon.
But In thus combatting the church's
claim that Jesus was divine, when be
was undoubtedly a man like ourselves,
we do not necessarily combat the Great
Supreme. It were foolish to deny the
existence of a God, when we cannot
satisfactorily explain the origin of life
and matter. We see this wonderful
and beautiful world, with Its suns, and
planets, and meteors; and our earth,
with Its varied and complex forms of
life, in tree, in plant, and animal;' and
last, but not least, that'peculiar being,
ourselves. Who can truthfully account for lt all?  Not I, for one.
By combatting Christianity, then, we
do not combat the idea ot God. We
only combat the weapon of a privileged class; and, along the same
lines, just as energetically combat any
other religion based on privilege.
Christianity persistently gets In our
way, when we get out among our fellow-men and endeavors to educate
them to a true knowledge of themselves, and the cause of their unnecessary ills and privations.
Let me again repeat, theu, tbat Socialism, as such, ls not opposed to any |
religion, as such. Let the churches
get out of our way, and confine their
energies to purely sprltual matters,
a domain where we will not combat
them; and leave severely alone all
temporal matters, a domain where we
will combat them to the bitter end.
Much could be written to explain
many matters pertaining to this question; but this article has already exceeded the limit, and I can see the editor's "blue weapon" of offence and defence itching to get its evil work in.
Hands off," then, is our request,
and our demand, also.
GOUROCK.
Socialist Directory
Every Local of the Socialist Party of
Canada should run a card under thi. head.
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. O. Mc-
Kensle, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary.
Box 836. Vancouver, B. C.
PLEA3E NOTE.
The drawing for the Library of Original Sources will take place Monday,
January 17th. .Comrades having tickets to sell are requested to return the
stubs as soon as possible.
LOOK HERE!
This paper is mailed to every subscriber every Friday morning. Once In
a blue moon, sometimes twice, we fall
down and are a day late. But If you
don't get it every week with reasonable regularity make sure your sub.
has not expired and then go and have
a session with you Postmaster. If that
brlrjgs no results try the P. O. Inspector, Vancouver. B.'C. '
ALBEBTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada, Meets every alternate Monday iu
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province.
F.    Oxtuby,    Sec, Box      647      Calgary, Alta.
MANITOBA      PBOVINCIAL      EXBOU-
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month. Jubilee Hall
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to th<> movement
S. Cumming., Organizer; W. H stehhing-',
Sec., Suite 7 Lydia Court. Winnipeg, man. a
ONTAKIO   PBOVINCIAL   BXBOUTITB
Committee. Meeta ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Mondays. Organizer, W. Gribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave. O. Colombo,
Italian Organizer. 224 Chestnut St.
        PBOVINCIAL       EXECU-
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKin-
non's. Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Box 13, Olace Bay. N. S.
LOCAL VANCOUVBB, BO.  I,  ■. F. OT
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. WJ
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
LOCAL      BEVELSTOXE,      B.C.S.P.C	
Propaganda and business meetings at
s p.m. every Sunday evening in the
Kdlson     Parlor    Theatre.       Speakers
        .......      Speakers
passing   through   Revelstoke   are    Invited to attend.    13. F, Uaymun, Secre-
W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
tury.
LOCAL  LADYSMITH NO.  10, 8. T. OJf
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave.
Parker. William.. Sec, Ladysmith, B. C.
LOOAZ,  POST  MOOOT,  B.   C.  VO.  41,
8* P. ot O.—Business meetings flrst
Sunday ln each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
LOOAL MOYIE,  B. C, NO. 30—MEET*-
SS7,!?fid.K ^•O^SSB
Secretary. '
Mrs.   Thornley,
LOCAL B08SLAND, Ho. 25, 0. V. OV C-
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. H. Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets i*i Finlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. in. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
765 Rossland, B. C.
local wblsow- s. t. or c, mm
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL HOa*XX, VO. 8. 8. P. OF 0,
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Matt Hallday, Organizer.    H. K. Macihnls, Secretary.
LOOAX OALGABT, ALTA., VO. 4, 0. 9.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Blook,
Eighth Ave. K. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room.     Labor Hall, D. A.
McLean,    Box 647.    Secretary,   A.    Mac
douald, Organizer,    Box 647.
LOOAL HLLETUB, ALTA., VO. IA- S.
P of c, meets every flrst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOOAL   VANCOUVER,   B.   C.,    VO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 161
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Matt Mar-
tllla.
LOOAL TZOTOBXA, VO. 8, S. V. OP O.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1. Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Orand
Theatre. Jas. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St.
LOOAL VAVAIMO, VO. 8,  I. P.  of  C-
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock)
Jack Place,   Rec.  Secy.,  Box  826.
LOOAL   FES-NIB,   8.   P.   of   O,   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting flrst Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p in. J.
Lancaster,   Sac.  Box  164.
LOOAL    COLEMAH,     ALTA.,    VO.    S.
Meets every Sunday night In tha
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOOAL BBHOVTOV, ALTA., VO. 1, 8.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m,,6« Firsts*. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. F. Blake. 649 Athabasca Ave.. Sec. T. Bissett, 322 Fourth St.
Organiser.
LOOAL WZWZPBff, 8. P. OP O. VBABw
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide Street
opp.Robliu Hotel. Buslnessmeetlngevery
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.      Secretary, J, W, Killing,^
270 Voting St; Organizer,  D.  McDougall, 442
Jarvis St.
LOOAL  OTTAWA,  VO. 8,  8.  P.  OP O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday in
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundavs at 8 p.m. In Roberts-
Allan Hall, 78 Kideau St. A. J. Mc-
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
LOOAL QBBBVWOOB VO. 9. 8.  P. OP
C, meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
mouth     Geo   H-aiherton,  Organizer; R *J
Campbell, Secretary, Box 124.
LOOAL TSBVOV, B. O., VO. 38, 8. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
in Timmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Edgar Smith, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOOAL     PBIVOB     BVPZBT,     B.     0-,
meets every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various halls. J. B.
King, Secretary.
LOCAL   COBALT,   VO.   9,   8.   P.   OP   a
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. in Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOOAL   BBBLXV,   OVT.,   VO.   4,   8.   P.
of C, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 66
King St. E., opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 61 Weber St. E.
LOOAL OLACB BAT VO. 1, OP V. 8.—
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. ln Mac don -
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,! Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G.
Ross, Financial Secretary, offlce in D.
N. Brodle Printing Co. building, Union
Street.
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Columbia
Exceutlvs Board Mtmbsr        ....      Wm. Davidson, Sana's*
DISTRICT ASSOCIATION  NO. I.
Prssidsnt Jno. A. McKinnon, Roasland
VlM-P-.iid.nt Thos. J. McKay, Qrs.nwood
Sserstary-Traasursr A. Shilland,
No.      N.me Meeting Pre.. Sec'y. TO. Add.
-' Box
Night
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Camborn. ...
di-and Fork*.
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111
101
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100
111
117
71
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Slocan  .......
Tsxada -..•■.•.
7»11 If AM..
mlr  ........
!Wm. WIn.low	
.htrjck O'Connor.	
Chatlea Blr	
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Mlk. IfoAndnwa.
Joe Armstrong	
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Malcolm   MoN.lll..
K. altchle	
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J. A. McKinnon...
L.  R.  Mclnnl.	
Rob«rt Malr.y....
Blair Carter.'....
....    O. B. Molntoih...
Mon   Wm. Hesketh . .	
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:C. Oalrna	
Jam*. Tobin	
W. «TH«d<ien	
O.O. Hanthorton..
T. H. Roth.rham
H. T. Rainbow...
A. E. Carter	
|Chas. Short	
Hays	
James Robert.	
F. Phillips ......
W. A. Plc-kard...
Oeo. Casey	
A.  Shilland	
Frsd Ll.b.ch.r..
P. B. O-rteain...
T. T. RuthorCord.
IJA. D. Hardy...'.
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BtST IN BCyh'   CVQrV^S
•®®99m®®®9®®9®99*999®999*®*®»®m
60   YEAR8'
C. PETERS Prlc,,c" *Mi
Hind-M.de Bopts and  Shoes to order In
.11 .tyle..   Rep.iring promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock  of staple ready-made
Shoe, always on hand.
24SI WiitPjiiitir Ave.
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Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
■■•;.'". City.' Hall r..::..
•  '        '-.■'■,'.■'. ■      ■ i-.,
Vancouver''' ".- V"      "^-B.-Gi-
 <'"<"   *'■'"'■  '       :r\"     1   'YI)D'i     ..-'        N     <■'...':   ,■...-.,.':.,■   ,   I..      H.IJ-,- SATURDAY, JANUARY 15th, 1910.
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rm mmm mxmt,wmmtfmmi Columbia,
THE SOCIAUST PARTY OF CANADA
Tb1' Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
PRICE LIST OF  SUPPLIES
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at tbe following prices:
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)  $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each    01
Dues Stamps, each It
Platform  and  application  blank
per 100 25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto in Ukrainian, per 100 60
Ditto in Italian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each 20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held at headquarters Jan.
4th.
Present—Comrades Hawryluck, McDonald, Danby (chairman), and Oxtoby.
Minutes of .previous meeting read
and adopted.
Correspondence dealt with from
Bowden, Mountain House, Evarts, Can-
more, Bellevue and Dominion Executive.
Moved and seconded that the action
ef the secretary be endorsed for sending $25 to the Dominion Executive.
Warrants authorized—For box rent,
$1.00; for rent of room, $1.00; for
postage, $1.64.
Receipts.
Waskasoo     $2.00
Bellevue        5.00
Canmore       3.00
Calgary  (Uk.)       4.25
Mountain House        2.30
$16.55
WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH   HIM?
,1
Editor Clarion-
After a very successful series of
meetings through here, the once wage
slave O'Brien has just left to be on
time at Ihe Gsb Factory, Edmonton.
It is not ray Intention to detail the results of the meetings, as the secretary has promised to do that. But I
have another axe to grind.
In moving round among the wage
mules trying to spread the good news,
I often meet with that painful type
of individual who has a series ot Idiotic objections to Socialism, which he
fondly thinks are unanswerable.
One of the chief of these, and the
one I have most often heard, is: What
are you going to do with the lazy man
under Socialism? The person who propounded this problem generally don't
give a tinker's dam what happens to
the lazy man at the present time, or
(or the matter of that, any other man
either. But he lays awake at nights in
a cold sweat, trying to figure out what
should be done with them under Socialism. He imagines he has found
the exact rock upon which Socialism
will founder. Not worrying at all
about tbe evils of the present system,
he blandly piffles along on his favorite
theme. If you tell him that the lazy
man would probably hare a harder
time under Socialism than he does today ,-he cries but upon ybu (or a heartless villain, or something more choice.
When you point out to this mutt that
he and all other workers are today
not only supporting but are robbed to
the point of subsistence by a useless
i and parasitic class of particularly vicious lazy men, he gapes awhile as It
tries to penetrate the cement reinforcement of his think-tank. Then he
gibbers awlle in defence of property,
as if he ever had any.
This sort of man always makes me
feel so tired that I almost think I am
one of the lazy men he ls. referring
tb. It ls entirely useless to argue with
him, so obsessed is he by this one Idea,
and as a Comrade remarked, needs
to have his skull trepanned entirely
before you can do anything with him.
If you explain that you will Use your
influence to obtain for lazy men under
Socialism, perpetual beer and skittles,
he doesn't like that either. Tell him
that the lazy man would probably
starve, he balks again. Tell him again
that they would have to work to live
and furthermore you don't give two
hoots what happens to them as it is
the lazy men of today we are after, he
wants to know how you are going to
do it, etc. Until, when you are reduced to the verge of Insanity by his
utter lack of all common sense, he
says: Well, lt don't matter what you
say anyway; I am not open to conviction.
If there ls such a thing as a divine
intelligence, lt is time it got busy on
this type of proletarian. Anyway, all
Comrades meeting the species will afterwards kindly treat the dead with
respect.
*   ( Yours In Revolt,
{)  '■"..' LEONARD Bij)DEN;
■ .\.'V :'.-.' i        IT.',-. ,.       >f, . !
North Battleford, Sask.
THE BROTH OF A BHOY.
Shure, Charlie O'Brien's    an elegant
lad,
'Tis himself is a bachelor of parts;
At dances or hoe downs, he shines like
a jewel,
And  his grin makes    a  Butter  ln
hearts.
Shure wid ladles   (my  troth)   he's a
brilliant success,
For at nursing their kidlets and chor-
ing,
He's the handiest lad that ever was
born;
Small wonder the way he is scoring.
But don't you forget, when he gets on
the stump,
And lays down the gospel of Marx,
He hammers so hard on the workin'
mule's head
Shure he raises a shower of sparks.
I give ye the toast, then;  now drink
one and all—
You  ladies  for whom    he  washed
dishes,
Join in, and drink deep to this broth
of a bhoy—
Here's long life, buoyant health and
best wishes.
Having eased my mind of the
above, now follows the usual report upon C. M.'s tour In these parts. He
came into town on the 18th of December last and was ln very poor shape.
He was in the grip of la grippe, and
things looked bum for a very successful time. However, thanks to the elegant nursing of some of the she Comrades, he rapidly improved, and by the
25th, Chlrstmas Day, was able to take
his share manfully in the usual attack upon ray lord the Turkey and
eke the red wine of Oporto.
Christmas time is rather a poor time
for propaganda work as the capitalist
farmer in this section Is usually engaged in routs, soirees, musicals, balls
and parties at this glad season. In
consequence we were forced to sandwich our meeting In between these
festivities", with somewhat dismal results. Only six meetings were held,
but all were well attended by a working class audience, who gave Charlie
a careful hearing. Some $26 were collected, but as all the school houses
must be paid for and the price is high
this leaves us somewhat in the hole.
Nevertheless the seed is being sown
and the harvest Is sure. Our Local
keeps on growing and the time is not
far off when North Battleford county
will send a Socialist to fight the battle
for his class at Reglna.
Yours in Revolt,
ALF BUDDEN, Secretary
A8   TO   MONTREAL.
Why does Way man weep? Also why
does he ask the westerners to give the
easterners a show? We all have the
Same show—to tell our fellow slaves
what's the matter.
Also, what warrant has he for saying thst others would "abandon the
cause as hopeless" if they were in
Montreal? Let him deal with things
as they are, not as they "would be."
Prophecy is risky.       ' '
I deny that the fight Is different in
Montreal than anywhere alse; ' the
thing to do ls to teach straight, unadulterated Socialism wherever one
ls. I am aware there are local difficulties, but every nlsce has them. Suppose Montreal is priest-ridden to a
great extent; It is a large city, containing more inhabitants than all British Columbia, and surely among so
many thousands of workers there are
those who do not need to be "attracted," but are ready for the revolutionary dope without any undue efforts
to "attract" them.
Wayman's claims as to Montreal
Local are absurd; the fact ls that
while Montreal ts nominally one of
the largest Locals In the Party, it is
actually one of the smallest, as the
secretary's books will show, or did
when I was there a short time ago. I
have no doubt of Comrade Wayman's
earnestness nor of those whom he eu-*
logizes so highly, but would like to
mention that earnestness is not enough, many other qualifications are
necessary, among which ls strict Party
discipline, and Montreal Local has certainly not got that.
It is no pleasure for me to mention
this, but there is a" tendency to take
greater notice of a fact when it ls
mentioned ln print and for that reason I mention it. I don't know if Comrade Wayman has noticed the looseness of organization of his own Local;' if not let him look into the mat-
■ter.
Only one more shortcoming will I
mention. Montreal is » city of abtmt
4J«,9,00 tohabittuitsi^nd.'h^re afe only
n/e> Clarions': going to Montreal, two
of wnlch are excriange's,uonl'yLtwo Par
ty members being subscribers to the
Party organ.
But' as to Stitt Wilson, you bet he
served out fair dope in Montreal, and
If he were in B. C, he would serve out
the reddest of red dope, but bis literature gives him away. Some time ago
Comrade Wayman waxed very sarcastic about a Toronto Comrade addressing the workers as wage mules, but
he is quite enthusiastic over Wilson,
who writes of "the Messiah coming
riding on the ass of economics," who
speaks on the subjects, "Socialism, the
Logic of Christianity" (why not the
logic of any other religion?), "Moses,
the greatest of Labor Leaders," and
other "attractive" subjects. And, "Sunday Subjects." It is to laugh. To the
devil with absurd mixtures of superstition and science, theology and economics.
No, Comrade Wayman, the writer
has nothing personal against Montreal
Local; he was used well when he
spoke under their auspices and if a
more "attractive" speaker has been
preferred to him since that time, it
matters nothing to him.
Comrade Wayman, however, unconsciously, I hope, somewhat misrepresents certain details, sordid details,
certainly, money matters. If Stitt
Wilson did so badly in this respect in
Montreal, the Local did not keep its
agreement with him, which was to
pay him twelve dollars a lecture and
expenses for himself and family, and
to do Montreal Local justice, I never
heard of their falling in this respect
before, and it looks somewhat funny
that they should on this occasion.
Has S. W. been "marked down" in
consequence of adverse criticism?
What Gribble received from Montreal has been accounted for In the
Clarion.
One thing more: I hope none of
what G. W. W. aptly describes as S.
W.'s "punk literature" was exposed
for sale in Montreal. If so, I would
like to refer the Comrades there to
the constitution regarding literature.
Look out, Socialist sentiment Is
spreading in Canada, adventurers are
smelling out a new grazing ground.
It is up to us to warn them off; to let
them see that before we send out any
as propagandists they should be
thoroughly tested and that big names
and handles before and letters behind a name do not impress Socialists In Canada in the slightest degree.
For this time only juBt to see how
it looks, I sign myself,
THE REVD. W. WEBBEtl
GRIBBLE, R. N. S„ S. A.
WHO   PAYS  FOR  THEM?
Comrade Gourock,—
As a reader of the Clarion, I have
been very much Interested in your
articles. From your letters I had the
idea that you were on to the game,
and was therefore very much surprised to read the one ln which you stated that the workers paid for the
Dreadnaughts. I knew the editor
would likely comment on it, as a
knowledge of the workers' relation to
the product of his toll, is considered
by the Socialists ln Canada of more
importance than all the rest of economics put together.
You accuse the editor ot hair-splitting, whereas as a matter of fact It
was ignorance on that very point
which led to the downfall of the S. L.
P., which has converted the I. L. P.
Into a mere "tag-on" to the Liberals,
and which has led the trsde unions
into so many bitter and hopeless struggles. You wlll excuse me, therefore,
If I try to "tak' a fa' oot o' ye masel'."
As to your flrst question: "If the
worker only produces labor-power, how
can there possibly arise.a surplus product?" There Is no surplus product
while the labor-power ls in its raw
State and lt is.only in its raw state
that the worker owns it!!! The worker's position under, capitalism is simply that of a human dynamo generating physical energy. The energy Itself, like electricity, ls invisible. You
can very easily see that In the quiescent state labor-power has produced
nothing and it ls only in that state
that the worker has anything to do
with it.
It is perfectly true that should some
capitalist require lt, that labor-power
will produce surplus value, but before
lt does so that worker must SELL IT.
Not only sell lt but deliver It, and
from the moment that he begins to
deliver the "goods" till the moment
that he refuses to deliver any more,
or "quits the job," he has absolutely
no right either to the labor-power or
to what lt produces.
In other words, under capitalist production, the "capitalist is the whole
cheese." He buys labor-power in the
labor market, gets it delivered every
morning ln animated packages at his
factory door, and has the very same
right to lt and to all that It produces
as any other buyer has to the article
which he purchases. After the tabor-
power is bought and delivered the
capitalist of course obtains from it
far more than he paid for lt, but that
is his business, his business alone,
and the only thing he is in business
for.
As to the price or wages which the
worker receives for his labor-power,
that is determined in the same way
as the price for which the steel trust
will sell its steel. And that same
trust with all Its millions has no more
power over that determining factor
than has the wage-slave. I refer to
the market. The only thing which
can affect the market ls supply and
demand. As the worker is unable to
limit the supply of his commodity,
labor-power, you can easily see that
his only salvation lies in taking it
out of the market altogether. To be
able to do so he must have access to
the means of life independent ot the
capitalist class. To do that he must
put out ot the way, or obtain control
of, the thing which stands between
him and the accomplishment ot his
object, viz., the capitalist owned state,
Till the workers have done that they
are absolutely at the mercy of the
capitalist class and to use your own
words, "Only for them and their capital the workers would actually starve."
As to what the worker is entitled
to get for his labor-power, that Is determined by the amount of socially
necessary labor-time which it takes to
produce lt. The human dynamo had
to be built. It required a certain
amount of congealed labor-power ln
the shape of food, clothes and shelter
to raise the thing till it was fit to put
on the labor market. A certain amount of Its mother's time had also to
be paid for. When it commences
grinding out labor-power for the market itself it also requires a certain amount of necessities to keep it running.
That amount which it takes to keep
it running along with a portion of the
amount which it cost to produce the
machine itself constitutes a day's
wage. The portion of tbe cost of the
machine is determined in such a way
that after it is all paid for the machine
is played out. In short, the workers'
share under capitalism is food, clothing, shelter and breeding expenses.
If you can show me that out of that
he is able to pay for Dreadnaughts,
you'll have to go some.
You say that being the case, Socialism has nothing to offer. It hasn't,
eh? Under Socialism the worker won't
have to sell his labor-power at all, and
if that is not enough to induce any
slave with an ounce ot backbone to
join the movement, I'd like to know
what is. It is a knowledge of those
facts which has effectively prevented
any "mental conjuring from_ getting
inside of the Socialist Party."
When the workers in a large enough
number are convinced of these facts
they will put an end to the capitalist,
the state, the Dreadnaughts, and the
"chewing the rag" as to who pays for
them.
BRITHER SCOT.
THE SWEATED WORKER.
The terrible story of "The Sweated
Worker" in London, and what they
earn, is told by a writer ln the London
Express.
Come with me Into the tiny attic,
where sits a solitary woman busily
employed—so busily that from six in
the morning until midnight she only
rises two or three times to seek the
food that will stay her growing weakness, says the writer.
Look at the heaped-up table and the
strewn floor. There lies her work.
Count it up if you like—288 little trays
fashioned precisely and papefed; 288
covers (or these trays; 288 pieces of
sandpaper pasted on these covers; and
then the 288 trays slipped Into the 288
covers, and the whole tied up into a
neat and secure parcel. That is the
work which she toils at night and day.
and 2lid Is the exact sum which she
ls paid (or it.
Step across the dark passage outside
and look in at the open door opposite.
Just such another room, just such anther woman. But she is not making
match-boxes to-day. She is carding
hooks and eyes. That is to say, she has
to sew hooks and eyes on cards. There
are 144 cards to be sewn, and 288 hooks
and eyes to each card. For that she
will be paid 8d., a price so low that,
working 14 hours a day, she cannot earn more than 4s. a week. But
if she has children they are pressed
into this miserable service, and ln
thousands of so-called "homes" little
children, whose ages range from three
to ten years, may be seen helping their
mother—in the early hours before they
go to school and late into the night
after they come home—silently and
grimly sewing with their tiny, tired
fingers while rubbing and blinking
their weary eyes.
"Where Flesh and Blood are Cheap."
It would be easy to multiply these
examples a hundredfold. Take, (or instance, the prices paid for making
strawberry baskets. The worker re-
j ceives 3s. 6d. a gross for such baskets,
and has to find the wood, which costs
2s. It takes two days' hard work to
make a gross—her utmost earnings
then amounting to 9d. a day. Again,
take the makers of cheap corsets.those
which are retailed at 2s. a pair. They
are paid ls. 7%d. for making a dozen
corsets, and the cane and cotton which
they have to find cost 9d. Working
hard, they can make eight corsets in
a day, which means that their total
wage amounts to 7d. a day.
Again, the unhappy women who
make blouses are in a similar plight.
For making muslin blouses with
twenty tucks in each of them they are
paid 3s. a dozen; for nightgowns, with
(rills and Insertions, 2s. 9d. a dozen;
and for shirts 8%d. a dozen—out of
which the cost of the cotton has to
come. The average wage earned by the
shirtmaker is about 5s. a week.
Still worse, however, ls the condition
ot the tailoress. It is heavier work
and paid at even a lower rats. Imagine the plight ot the wretched woman
who Jumps at the chance ot making
reefer jackets at the rate of 2s. 3d. a
dozen; who wlll gladly make any number of trousers you like at 4d. a pair;
men's coats for 5d. each; vests with
five pockets for 3d.; and boys' knickers
at 2d. a pair! Let me take a typical
case. A mother and her daughter
have for some years past been earning
what they euphemistically call "a
living" by making costumes, consisting
of a coat and skirt. They are both excellent workers, and appallingly industrious—they work from nine in the
morning till 12:30 at night. And they
are paid the magnificent sum of. one
shilling and a penny for each complete
costume.
A National Question.
Just imagine for a moment the fearful conditions which such work and
such wages must create. Think for a
moment of the long, weary hours, by
day and night, in the cramped "home";
the insanitary conditions under which
not only the worker works, but her
children are reared; of the never-ceasing struggle to get work—even at a
price which will not yield more than
a halfpenny an hour; of the terrible
inheritance into which thousands and
tens of thousands of children—the future England, be lt remembered—are
annually born; and then you will believe the story of the government inspector who found Buch a woman-
worker, six hours after she had given
birth to a child, sitting up in bed and
already resuming her dally fight
against starvation.
And the saddest part of the whole of
this terrible phase of modern life is
the apparent hopelesness of It. The
Individual worker herself ls powerless
—she is in the iron grip of deadly necessity. She is ground down to the
bone as much by the desperate competition of starving women as by the
remorseless greed of the sweater himself. Trade unionism, too, cannot help
her. She is an isolated atom, and does
not organize, and is, perhaps, unor-
ganizable.—Star.
Mere and %ow
By "LEEDS"
I
THE MARKISS'S
From Kenmore
To  Benmore
The land is a' the Marklss's
The mossy howes,
The heathery knowes,
And Ilka bonnie park ls his.
The bearded goats,
The toozle stots,
An' a' the braxy carcasses;
Ilk crofter's rent,
Ilk   tinkler's   tent,
And Ilka collie's bark ls his.
The muir-cock's craw,
The piper's blaw,
The gillie's hard day's wark Is his;
From Kenmore
To Benmore
The warld is a' the Markiss's.
—Punch.
MARITIME ORGANIZING  FUND
Previously acknowledged   $54.
Comrade Reddy       1.
Comrade G. Kay     2
A very suitable New Year's remembrance came over from Nanaimo this
week. It consisted of twentyvflve
subs. (8 yearlles and 17 halvers) from
Comrade James Young.
...
Comrade' W. Davenport, Brantford,
Ont., orders a bundle of one-hundred
copies.
* •   •
A dollar for a chance at the "Library
ot Original Sources" and two subs.
from Comrade G. W. Wrigley, Toronto,
Ont.
...
Comrade James Thomson expects
tbe Grits to be as scarce In Manitoba
after the next elections as they are
ln B, C. and sends three subs, to help
the good work on.
* *   *
Comrade Galloway .Vancouver, wants
a bound volume of the Clarion (or
1909.
«   •   •
Two dollars to pay up Local Berlin's card to the end of last year and
two yearlies from Comrade H. Martin,
Berlin, Ont.
...
Comrade Gribble lands another pair
at Nelson, B. C.
* .   .
Just to be on the safe side, Comrade Roland Kerr, Alnsworth, B. C,
pays up his subscription for two years
In advance.
* .   •
A stunt by Comrade E. Johnson,
Beaver Pourt, B. C, results in three
yearlies being added to the list.
* *   .
Local Newcastle, N. B., renews its
weekly bundle of five per Comrade H.
H. Stewart.
...
Comrade H. CoIIIngwood, North Battleford, Sask., does not like to miss
a week without calling, so drops ln
with another couple this week.
...
Study your own interests by reading
the Clarion.
* .   •
Comrade Frank Allen, North Battleford, Sask., writes to say that he
has started to sell "the best dope on
the market for slaves," He starts off
well with three  yearlies.
* *   •
A bundle of ten for ten weeks and
a yearly Is tbe latest news from Cumberland, B. C, per Comrade William
Maxwell.
* »   »
Ask your nearest Local to put your
name on the voters' list.
* •   *
Comrade Peter Cleary has moved
to Fabre, Quebec, and sends in two
yearlles (or company. Wlll Comrade
Cleary please note that his own sub.
expires with next issue. (Say, Peter,
I spent two years at Little Bay about
12 years ago.—Leeds.)
...
Are you lending a hand? The following Comrades put their shoulders
to the wheel and gave a shove this
week:— F. Reynolds, South Salt
Springs, B. C; W. F. Rslph, Toronto;
F. M. Gordon, Hamilton, Ont.; Thos.
Foulston, Donegal, Ont.; R. F. McKenzie, Vancouver, B. C; Eugene V.
Debs, Glrard, Kansas; Arthur J. Bou-
ghen, Dauphin, Man.; Jas. 8. Johnston,
East Kootenay, B. C; W. Symonds,
Lethbridge, Alta.; W. Beck, Slocan
City, B. C; G. Robson, Whonnock, B.
C; David Paton, Fernle, B. C; J. F.
Johnson, Enderby, B. C; Hugh Gilchrist, New Westminster, B. C; Miss
L. Budden, North Battleford, Bask.;
and Comrade Franklin, Vancouver,
B. C.
...
Comrade Lestor persuades two more
Vancouverltes    to    search    for    the
light.
...
Is your Local pushing the circulation of the Clarion? If not, wlll YOU
see that it does?
IP YOU HAVE
UKRAINIAN
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"RofeatchyJ Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
.    -    SO cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
50c per year
Two for a dollar
SPECIALLY FINE FOR PROPAGANDA  WORK.
Six months 26c,
. Published at Cowansville, p.(*.
$57.
Expenditures.
The  contributions  of Comrades
Reddy and Kay were paid to
Comrade  Gribble,   who   holds
them     3,
Balance in hand $54.
ROSCOE A. FILLMORE.
Albert, N. B.
Among the 800 working men who
were fed in Vancouver on Chlrstmas
jg Day were many who attended the
50 meetings of the capitalists last No-
00  vember  and   cheered  at  every   men-
 ; tlon of the word "prosperity."   "What
gg  fools we mortals be."
Plumbing
JAS. LEE
Phone 5331 413 Prior Street
Vancouver, B. C.
570
gj  Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Stands for a Living Wag*
Vancouver Local357.
566 TffiHt
hoisi s Minimi    .   '■ am m     '
THE TALt» *0P A TIGBrr.
mm.
t^k
(By Fits.)
Some time ago my mate and I, being
out of woVk, were Strolling through the
busy streets' of the metropolis of a
country not more than a million miles
from the town hall. The sun was very
hot and there was not a breath o(
wind stirring to give battle to the almost unbearable heat. Life in tha city
under this condition, even without indulgence in labor, was far from pleasant.
The long narrow streets of poorly
ventilated, jerry built and over-crowded working men's dwellings; the tall
buildings devoted to various business
es; the factories with their labor-saving machinery and their perspiring and
over-worked employees; the stores
large and small and the people who
worked ln them, and even the ships at
the docks, all served to intensify the
prevailing closeness.
Everything presented a dry appearance. The roads were dry, the sidewalks were dry; the houses, lamp posts
offices, public buildings, and even the
sergeant of police was dry, inwardly
at least, as was proven by his stepping
into a saloon when he fancied no one
was looking and emptying at one
draught a glass vessel containing liquor whiph was presented to him by
that product of modern civilization—
a scientific bartender.
Everyone In a position to take a holiday had long since left town. Some
had gone to tbe lakes, others to the
mount-tips, and others to quiet country villages In search of that comfort
.which ls not be found in any great industrial centre ln midsummer.
The! heat was (rightful. Looking
.through the newspaper reports one
was struck by the accounts of the numerous suicides which were, by jury,
attributed to the action of the weather.
Horses falling dead or dying in many
parts of the city was a common occurrence and excited no comment.
T^e millions of toilers who play the
part ,of beasts of burden in our great,
our beneficent capitalistic industrial organization still played their favorite
game. With that love of work which
has always characterized them, they
toiled on through the morning, after-
, noon, and well on into the evening.
They toiled on while the great beads
of sweat rolled from their brows Into
their eyes almost blinding them; toiled pn heavily under a climatic condition which, in conjunction with labor,
was killing horses on every hand;
they worked on uncomplainingly, with
that dumb humility characteristic of
the well trained animal broken to the
lash and spur; on they toil through
the bitterly long hours of the sweating
day, producing wealth ln which, as
owners they would have no part whatever.
Let us look Into the faces of these
workers and let us search them for
traces of that Individuality which is
supposed to be so highly developed
under our gloriously enterprising system. Let us look into and through
their eyes for some Bign of that soul
which Is supposed to be the posses-
•  Slon of every human being.    Let ue
I  also gaze into the.eyes of the working
- boys and girls for that love of fun and
'laughter Which should be inseparable
■'  from, youth.   We do. look, and are met
with'a full, and .complete answer.
In' the faces of the majority of the
" adult workers we find little or no individuality; but we do And many tra-
' cetfo'f' individuality destroyed. . In the
■eye* of the younger members of the
industrial ar-ny there is love of (un
but it IS held ih check; there ls laughter also, hut it Is1 BttbAued. The character, Soul, and to a great extent, the
bodies of ma-older tollers have passed
through the medium ot labor into that
Surplus value *->hlch ill the life blood of
capitalism. In the younger faces there
are many indlcatidns that with the
passing bf time aha the cohtlh'iiance
o( tne present system their' ovrners
will become as soulless, as devoid of
character, and as poor in physique as
are the men and women with whom
they work.
In spite of the suffering referred to,
the sufferers themselves, strange to
say, were also objects of envy. This
Is no exaggeration, but an undeniable
fact; for at every factory door, ln every qook and corner where an Industrial process was being carried on,
were groups of men and women, boys
and girls, begging, actually'begging
for permission to share the bitter miseries of those who already sweated and
tolled In the present day Inferno of
production.
There is no stronger condemnation
of existing society than the miseries
to which it gives birth. The pain of
those. In employment ls lost sight of
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because of the greater pain of those
out of employment. One portion of
society suffers because of too much
labor, and another portion suffers even
more from enforced idleness. Any
man of thought and intelligence being
brought suddenly face to face with this
condition, would say that the problem
presented was easy of solution. He
would assert that "Many hands make
light work," and therefore the condition of those laboring could do greatly Improved by sharing the work with
those who form the army of the unemployed.
All this is quite true; but the capitalists do not exist for the purpose
of making easier the lot of the toiler,
but to increase the amount of wealth
which is drawn from the working
class. If the capitalists were to put
all the unemployed to work in order
to make light the labor of those who
toil too much, that surplus value, or
unpaid labor time which is absolutely
necessary to the existence of capitalism, would grow less and less until
the employing class became bankrupt.
In accordance with its own necessity capitalism will continualy Increase
the number of those out of enmloy-
ment. Every new labor-saving machine will be taken advantage of; every natural power, such as wind for
pumping, waterfalls for the generating
of electricity, etherial waves for the
transmission of messages from one
part of the world to another—all these
things will be used by the capitalist
owners of the means of production to
increase the amount appropriated by
them from the so-called lower orders
of society,
As a class the capitalists cannot
help but rob the workers, and It Is absurd to expect anything else. No man
can, imagine a hungry tiger that would
scruple to kill and eat the helpless
lamb which came within its reach.
Neither would anyone expect the tiger
to go into ecstasies over the beauty
and simplicity of the lamb, or to moralize on the cruel necessity for killing
lt. The fiercer animal sees in the
weaker only so much fdpd. There is
no question of pity or morality to be
considered; for hunger knows no pity
and necessity knows no morality. The
tiger must eat the lamb or cease to
exist. Such is the nature of the beast
and it can no more act contrary to its
nature than the sheep; to go astray
is the nature of the latter, to devour
the latter ls the nature ot the former.
Let us carry our illustration a little
farther and watch the camel discarding its hump or the leopard changing
its spots. *
In a beautiful valley where grass
and water were tn abundance, lived a
flock of sheep. Their happiness had
been great and would have continued
had it not been for the tigers which
Infested the surrounding hills. These
beautifully striped «.nd soft-footed ahi
mals had, of late, been in the habit of
descending into the valley by -night,
and carrying off one and sometimes
more of the hitherto happy sheep family Into the hills and there devouring
them.
This caused considerable pain to the
mutton residents qf the district. They
called a mass meeting to decide what
action should be taken. A motion
was carried to the effect that a deputation be sent - to the tigers asking
them to refrain from interfering with
the sheep, as such interference had
caused pain in the past and could only
have the same effect in future.
The days passed slowly by. Tbe
tigers grew more and more hungry.
They searched the hills diligently for
food and failed to find It. They did
their very best to fall in with the
wishes of those who at this time made
night ln the valley Httr-nonious with
their happy and mualdal bleatings.
Hungrier still grt# the denizens of
the hills. Their bodies which had
been so Beautifully sleek and sinewy,
were now gaunt and Worn. Their condition was pitable, so much so that
their leader decided to call a meeting
of the tribe to diBcuss ihe Situation.
This decision having been made
known, the meeting took place. Many
plans were put forward, many schemes
were advanced which on being subjected to criticism were rejected as
Impracticable. After considerable debate the old and respected tiger chief
rose to his feet and addressed the
assembly In the following manner:
Mr. President and fellow tigers, the
position in which I find myself on
this occasion is, to say the least, very
painful. As your leader and ruler, I
have been compelled to watch, day after day, your misery growing greater
and greater until my poor heart ls well
nigh to bursting. Your sufferings have
but served to intensify my own deep
anguish. It has been my duty for
many years past to watch over you
and to aid you in the developing of
those qualities which are essentially
tigerish. My happiness has been great
when accompanied by two or three of
the older members I have taught (be
young cubs to conduct themselves so
as to reflect nothing but credit upon
their parents.' In the perfqmance of
those duties which are inseparable
from chief ship T have never wearied1.
In all this 1 have been amply rewarded by your unswerving loyalty and
faithful obedience. The many manifestations of affection which from time
to time you have showered upon me
have more than recompensed me for
that care and anxiety which fall to
the lot of the ruler.
"In times past these hills which we
inhabit teemed with food of every description. The days and nights were
happy as they were long. Our community was a joyous one. Mirth and
joy and gladness shed a lustre ln the
heart that beat in each tiger breast.
The days were full of song, the nights
were full of feasting. The young members of the tribe, of both sexes,
breathed forth their mutual love ln
poetic strain, while we greybeard tigers would sit in a circle recounting
the adventures of the past, fighting
again in story the battles we had previously fought in grim reality. No
thought of coming sorrow dimmed our
joy. The jungle-clad hills rang with
the music of our voices as we dragged
down our prey.
"Little did we think that we would
one day suffer from a scarcity of that
food supply which was so plentiful and
so easily obtained. It is true that as
time passed on we" were compelled to
go farther and farther afield in search
of those things so necessary to our
existence. We did not want, however,
the putting forth of more energy was
all that was needed to satisfy our natural appetites, and the greater caution we were compelled to exercise
in tracking down our quarry did but
make sweeter the feast which followed.
'The period of happiness of which I
have spoken developed us in many
ways. We improved mentally, morally, and physically. The many battles
we fought with the other jungle tribes
developed in us an almost perfect self-
reliance. Our sleek bodies were the
outward expression of the beauty of
spirit within. The tribe manifested at
this time an intellectuality which called forth the mute admiration of all the
forms of life with which It came in contact. Our morality was of the highest order. The domestic life of our
members was one long path of honeyed bliss, a path which to our finite
eyes seemed endless.
(To be continued)
AS TO MARX  AND  HEGEL.
The article, "Economics False and
True," has been the means of inspiring contributions from J. H. and our
old friend Clifford Butler. The latter
tries to draw us into a debate upon
theology, matrimony and the law of
value. Having read Butler's contributions and perceived the state of his
mind, we come to this conclusion:
"We are not arguing with Clifford. We
are simply telling him". J. H., however, raises a point of interest to Socialists, though the Clarion is hardly
the paper to discuss philosophy and
theology, being generally devoted to
things of more importance . to our,
class. 'We- must apologize therefore
for the trouble we cause the editor, and,
the reader also (or the space we occupy in this week's columns.
J. H., like Bohm-Bawerke, brackets
Marx* and Hegel together and stoutly
maintains by means of (carefully chosen) extracts tbat Engels and Marx
Support him,'
Hegel became the intellectual father
of Marx and the early Socialists because -he taught that society developed through the Individual, the family,
the. town; the state, the Tfforld, higher
and higher unities,, each unity however
realising and not destroying the lower
unity. "Nothing is; everything Is becoming"; "AH that Is real' is reasonable and all that Is reasonable ls real,"
are some .of his statements, plainly
showing the evolutionary method of
thought.
In his system the material world Is
derived from tbe idea—the absolute
Idea.  According to Hegel the material
I Rift TO * AT
m wtm\k
Ml Cu-Wi It. VMCNW
The Beh't of t%ythin
_52	
Manitoba Provincial
Executive Committee
WANTEO
WANTED
WANTED
All Socialists and Clarion
readers in Manitoba to wake
up.
The province needs organizing kn'd we appeal to all
workers to get in touch with
the Executive. Don't wait!
Write now for information to
the secretary.
W, H. STE9BINGS
Suite 7 tydlaOottn
Whnipaf, Man.,
universe was the realization of the
Idea of Deity! The old"'theological
problem with a philosopher's top hat
on. He also taught, hpwever, that the
Idea of reasonableness grew from the
material reality. Some of his followers pondered over this question. "If
the material universe is the realization
of the Idea of Deity, how is lt that the
Idea of reasonableness grows from the
material?" Eventually they split into
two camps and of course Marx joined
the materialist party. "Does a man's
consciousness determine his existence,
or does his existence determine his
consciousness?"
I'euerbach came along and said with
Shelley, "Outside man and nature nothing exists," and so was born the materialistic conception of history, and
philosophy went out of existence.
Shakespeare says: "There ls a destiny that shapes our ends." Marx
says: There is a Darwinlty that dictates our thoughts, and the gods are
what it wills.
There is a vast amount of difference
between Hegel and Marx. Hegel forged a tool, which he didn't know how
to use. Marx came along, took the
tool, hit Hegel over the head with it
and knocked his block off. The evolutionary method of reasoning is a different thing in the hands of Marx
from what it is in the hands of Hegel.
No two men could be more dissimilar.
One is an Idealist and the other a Materialist. Bohm-Bawerke considers
them both alike and therefore shows
his ignorance of the Marxian science.
Liebknecht says in "Karl Marx,"
page 21: "Marx became acquainted
with Engels, who, two years younger
than himself, had gained by his stay
in England a stronger materialistic
conception of things and had dishegel-
ed himself thoroughly."
J. H. of course means that Marx and
Hegel are alike in that they both use
the "Hegelian dialectic," and to that
we cordially agree. In that way they
can be bracketed together.
Here is, however, another proof,
more interesting to the general reader
that the Austrian economist did not
understand the author of capital. Criticizing the book, he says: "It has not
been proved that labor is the source
of value. Exchange ls not based simply upon labor time value. Use value
does affect exchange. A good natural
voice uncultivated by any labor has
exchange value. Unimproved natural
commodities have exchange value.
Scarcity affects exchange value. The
whole theory that labor Is the source
of exchange value is untenable. Marx
appeals not to facts but to the above
dialectics, which can be shown to be
faulty. Marx says use values ln exchange are disregarded. This is not
the case; but If it were, his conclusion does not follow that there being
the product of labor is the only characteristic left which can be the basis
of exchange. Many other elements enter in—scarcity, demand, appropriation
of them, etc. Marx's analysis contains
truth, but by no means the whole
truth, and its fundamental proposition
is not true."
Here is Bohm-Bawerke's whole, truth
as. exponded in his Postive Theory of
Capital. According to this, work, the
key to the interest, problem is, found
in.the .time element Involved in capitalist production. "Men. normally' undervalue future goods in comparing
them with .present goods. Thus as future .goods ripen into presept goods,
Uielr value Is enhanced in accordance
with a. phychologtcal Jaw, (he must
have "bail a IJoly Squint). Werest IS
simply this addition to the yaliie of'
goods that results, from advancing
them nearer the period when they are
to satisfy wants. As men "normally
discount future goods, so ihey are al
Ways willing to pay a premium In future goods (or command over present
goods. The current rate of Interest Is
thus determined by the comparative
Valuation which men collectively place
upon present and. future goods. For
example, when the rite oi Interest IS
4 per cent, upon safe Investments, this
means (hat ln the estimation of the
'marginal' men who take part ln capitalistic production, $100 in hand with
the immediate command over want-
satisfying goods which It gives Is equivalent to $104 a year hence."
LESTOR.
 \ ^	
mumyrjmwr<,\M'um£
Socialist Patty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to tha cspltallst class. The capitalist is therefore
master; tbe worker a slave.
So long as the cspltallst class remains in possession of the
reins of government all the powers of' the State wlll be used to
protect and defend their property rights In- the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in tha means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure lt by political action. This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows: ^.
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management ot Industry
by the workers.
8.   The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production (or
nse Instead of production (or profit.
The Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers lm
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will the Socialist
Party is for it; If lt wlll not, the Socialist Party ls absolutely
opposed to li
In accordance with this principle ths Socialist Party pledgee
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands In such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
•   '(
A. F.   Cobb
Merchant Tailor
OKotoKs,   Alberta
For every suit sold through
this  advertisement I will give
$2.00 to the. circulation of the
Western Clarion.
Plan:
1. Write me for samples ot
goods,
2. Mention tbe price you want
to pay for suit
3. Compare tby sample with
the price.
4. If suitable, send me deposit of $5.00.
6. I will guarantee to deliver
suit to fit within six weeks.
I. Clarion Fill acknowledge
receipt .of I2-00 from me when
tuit Is paid for.
Suits to measure from $11.00
fl(R ■tmM*mM'imMm'i 	
1111'  us      I li.i j
11 THE LIBRARY 0 I
ORIGINAL SOURCES"
Among Socialists and other independent thinkers, this great library is
superseding encyclopedias, histories and all such second-hand Information. It
digs deep Into the real history of civilization, reveals the naked truth and
ahowa why Soolali.m 1. Inevitable. It annihilates the arguments of Capitalistic writers who deliberately misrepresent for the purpose of keeping the
shackles on the producers. Economics, Evolution, Education, Philosophy, Sociology, Sclnce, Psychology, Religion and all fields of thought, the Ideas that
have Influenced civilization ln the original words of the master thinkers and
Investigators from Thales, Plato, Aristotle, Socrates through to Darwin,
Spencer, .Huxley, Marx, Engels, Haeckel, etc., Ten large de luxe volumes
printed on pure white deckle edge paper, one full hundred page photogravures, gold title and tops bound in rich seal brown Art Vellum.
GREATEST WORK EXTANT
FOR SOCIALISTS
Says Freeman Knowles, Editor of. "The Lantern" (Socialist), Victor I»
Berger saya In this Issue qf ths "Social Democratic Herald.," No Socialist
can afford to be without this great library." All leading Socialist writers.
editors and' lecturers use and conmmend thla great library—Ernest Uatt-r-
mann, John Sparao, Arthur M. Lewi". A. H. Simons, and llleraTly thoueatfa*
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READ WHAT TIE €0MRilIKS S JHT
APPEAL   TO
Loci'
MM
Hiekbrry. ■«
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WAMMT
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ARTHUR
M.   LEWIS    (Laeturar
W5
PPEAL TO, REASON: '.'Active
ala could pot jB&« a better 1»-
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»*/»-tadditt«n I ef-er
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have nalUer time nor mojiay te •*-
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TOM OWPiroIlD t»ot«allit lector-
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Name  	
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Address
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TO HOUSEKEEPERS
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