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Western Clarion Oct 29, 1910

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 NO. 603.
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, Oct. 29, 1910.
Subscription Price   SI   flfi
nilm •IsUH
POWER
Situation as Outlined by Gribble at Fernie
I (Wilfrid Gribble in Fernie Ledger.)
In the laat analysis the only valid
argument is power. We may talk as
much as we like about justice and
injustice, right and wrong, but they
are but abstract ideas after all.
Without the power to maintain
those ideas, or having the power, failing to use it, of what good are the
mere ideas, or, wnat argument are
they in themselvea? None whatever.
In case of dispute the parties to the
dispute always start talking about
right and wrong, but, when it comes
to a show-down the strongest side wins
every time and maintains its right by
virtue of its power to do so. Power
is right. It is now as in all times
past veiled as it is to some extent:
"The good old rule, the simple plan,
That they may take who have the
power.
And they may weep who can."
This may sound brutal, but it's true,
and we must find out the truth, for
"Ye shall know the Truth, nnd  the
Truth shall make you Free."
For example: We will imagine a
strike taking place. The men approach the employers with the usual
arguments of Increased cost of living,
etc., the necessity of better working
conditions, shorter hours, or higher
money wages, in all of these or any
case after all they are demanding
higher real wages. They are endeavoring to get more of what they produce
than formerly. Of course they ask for
more because It would suit them to get
more, quite naturally, nnd THEY
THINK IT IS RIGHT BECAUSE IT
IS IN- THEIR INTERESTS. On the
other hand, the employers, having opposite interests, have opposite ideas;
if the workers get more (real) wages
they will get less profits, so getting
their ideas from their interests, THEY
THINK IT IS WRONG FOR THE
WORKFRS TO GET HIGHER WAGES, and go on to explain how unreasonable the workers are to ask
them, that the state of trade will not
permit them, and so on.
In short, the workers say higher wages are right, and the employers say
higher wages are wrong.
Which IS right?
We'll Bee. We say a strike takes
place. Here are two sets of human
beings, one a small set, a handful of
men—employers; here Is the other
set, a great mass of workers. Organically they are the same forms of life.
■ Yet they maintain opposite ideas of
1 Hfcht and wrong. Why? Because the
[ small set are buyers of labor-power,
' and the large set sellers of labor-power, the buyers wanting to buy cheap
and the sellers to sell dear. They
have been unable to come to an agreement, or effect a compromise and the
strike has taken place, and it has
come to the real argument at last, a
trial of strength, a fight, and in a fight
the strongest always wins; and by
strongest ls not meant the strongest
ln muscular power, nor In numbers,
but whichever side can show the greatest strength for the particular kind of
a fight in which they are engaged.
Now, a strike is not won by strength
of numbers; numbers are a weakness
as far as the strikers are concerned.
This Is shown by the eagerness of the
men who are striking to keep other
workers away from the locality. Nor
does it matter how big and husky a
lot the strikers are, their muscular
pewer wlll not win THIS kind of a
light. Not forgetting the fact that a
strike is only a test of the state of the
labor-power market, that, if the market ls favorable to them the strikers
will win, and, if not, they will lose, a
strike is, in itself, a financial fight,
end if it suits them, the employers
can always win in the long run and
usually do. They have merely to fight
the fight of a sit-down-and-wait.
A strike ls a game of matching the
pennies of the strikers against the dollars of the capitalists, and when the
last cent of the strikers is gone, the
capitalists have lots of dollars left In.
eidentally, if the strikers get a little
troublesome, the uniformed plug-uglies
which are at the disposal of the bosses, are used to shoot and club them
np a bit.
WORKERS, STOP MATCHING
PENNIES AND MATCH VOTES INSTEAD.
The capitalists have the most pennies, but you have the most votes.
On the industrial field your numbers is your weakness; on the political field your numbers give you
matchless strength.      \
Learn how to use that Btrength.
The majority of you have used it
hitherto for your masters. You have
voted for the same thing you struck
against. You have voted for the class
you struck against. You have fought
for your interests on the field where
you are weakest, and voted against
your Interests on the field where you
are strongest. With splendid courage, with admirable devotion, with
wonderful fortitude, you have carried
on strikes, you have hung out for long
periods, enduring cold and hunger,
eviction from homes, and all kinds of
misery and privation, you have done
this again and again, and then when
you have gone to the ballot box and
it would have been ao easy for you
to mark your ballot ln the right place, ]
you have voted against your own interests.
Picture a worker going to the ballot box and helping to vote a capitalist party into power, a party whose
funds are supplied by his masters,
(who don't supply those funds for
sentimental reasons), later that same
worker takes part in a strike and the
same government for which he voted
turns loose, at the maater'a behest,
all the uniformed plug-uglies and
government assassins that are considered necessary, and if he is not
mighty careful he'll get his alright,
"and where the policeman's club descends upon his head he hears the
echo of the vote he cast at the last
election."
WORKERS ! STOP      HITTING
YOURSELVES ON THE HEAD!
Realize that whoever holds the reins
of government in their hands dominates society. Realize that YOU have
the power to take hold of those reins.
Realize that there is a party which
you may uae as a means to thst
end. Realize that it stands for the
working, class alone.
Such a party la the Socialist Party
of Canada, which stands for the workers owning the means of production
and thus controlling their own lives
and destinies.
1 That Party has already two members in the Legislative Assembly of
British Columbia.
If you know your own interests you
will make it three tomorrow. J. W.
Bennett ts the nominee of the Socialist Party, the chosen champion of the
politically organized  workers.
A vote for Bennett Is a vote for
yourself, for lt is a vote for the class
of which you are a member and with
which your Interests are.
Your vote Ib precious; use It for
yourself and the only way you can
do this ts to vote for Bennett.
I brought in.") Take no notice of that
bee! I know him to be a Won't Work
and Disgrace to the Community and
a Socialist.
"What do we find? I ask. It's as
simple as stealing pollen: tho more
Drones you have the more Honey ls
eaten. The more Honey that is eaten,
the more work you have to produce
more Honey. And it's work we—I
mean you, that is—want, isn't It?
Do you follow me?    (Loud applause).
"Now, my friends, suppose for a
moment that not a single Drone stayed in the hive; suppose everyone left
the country to eacape these continual
grumblings. ('Shame') What would
you do with all your honey, I'd like
to know? (Gloomy bee: 'eat it ourselves.) (Cries of 'Order,' and 'Buzz
him out!')
"Why, my dear deluded friends—
(applause)—if you didn't have Drones,
you'd have no one to give you Charity,
no one to be Kind to you. If you
didn't have Drones "
Gloomy Bee: "If we didn't have
Drones we shouldn't need any Charity!"
At this juncture the bees began to
fight each other, and the Drones thereupon remarked, "As Usual," and proceeded placidly to appropriate of the
Remainder of the Honey.—Ex.
MR.
DOOLEY ON CAPITAL
LABOR.
AND
It was diff'rent whin I was a young
man, Hinnisy. In thlm days capital
an' labor was frindly or labor was.
Capital was like a father to labor,
givln' it board and lodgln's. Nayther
intherfered with th' other. Capital
wtnt on capitallsln' an' labor wint on
on laborin'. In thlm golden days a
wurrikin' man was an honest artisan.
That's what he was proud to be called.
Th' week before miction he had his
pitcher In th' funny papers. He wore
a square paper cap and a leather
apron, an' he had his arm aroun' capital—a rosy, binivollnt old guy with
a plug hat and eyeglasses. They were
going to the polls together to vote for
simple old capital. Capital an' labor
was content to be capital, an' labor
was used to being labor. Capital
comes  around  an.'   felt  the  arm  iv
labor wanst in a while, and ivry year
Mrs. Capital called on Mrs. Labor an'
congratulated her on her score. Th'
pride Iv ivry artisan was to wurruk
as long at his task as th' boss cud
afford to pay th' gas bill. In return
for his fidelity he got a turkey ivry
year. At Chris'mas time, Capital
gathered his happy family around him,
an' in the presence iv th' ladles in the
neighborhood give thim a short oration. "Me brave lads," says he, "we've
had a good year—(cheers)—I've made
a million dollars—(sensation). I attribute this to  my  supeeryour skill, I
state), it became encumbent, that I
should seek the workingman's nightmare, a Job. Said job happened to be
in the vicinity of a concrete mixer.
aided by yer arnest efforts at th' bench -*-s • have Been the chattel slaves on the
SLAVES
Blacks Lose Nothing in Comparison Witei Whites
Being in a financially embarrassed j meek and lowly, so that when they
position  (a by no means exceptional got to the Queensland plantations they
would be nice obedient slaves. They
also sent missionaries around the
plantations to dish up the old hash
about God and His all-knowing wisdom
placing the slave in that position, with
an' at th' forge. (Sobs). Ye have
done so well that we don't need so
many iv us as we did. (Loud and con.
tinuous cheering). Those iv you who
can do two min's wurruk will remain,
an', if possible, do four. Our faithful
aarvints can cum back in th' spring,"
he says, "if alive," he says. And the
bold artisans tossed their paper caps
in th' air, and gave three cheera for
Capital. They wurruked till old age
crept on thim, and thin retired to live
on the wish bones and kind words
they had accumulated.—Amalgamated
Journal.
FERNIE  RESULTS.
Again the wage-plugs of Fernie
District have waltzed up to the polls
and endorsed the skin game which
they will probably amuse themselves
roaring about for the next three years.
W. R. Ross, Conservative, was returned over J. W. Bennett, Socialist,
by a majority of 249. Local comrades
as usual failed to send in the exact
figures.
A Socialist (?)
THE BUSY BEE.
Once upon a time—or it may have
been earlier—a hive of Bees became
agitated over the presence of Drones,
and met in conference to consider the
question. Thereupon a Wasp uprose
and delivered himself of a stinging
attack.
"My friends," said the Yellow One,
"I'm sick of listening to those disgruntled, dissatisfied, and blasphemous
bees who are continually denouncing
the dear Drones. They have no respect for the sacred Hive Life; they
are friends of every hive but their
own. Consider, my friends, ere you
are misled by these crafty agitators.
If it wasn't for the Drontes you'd
starve! You haven't enough Drones;
that's what's the matter; that'B why
you can't cope with that horrible
Overproduction which throws you out
of work.    (Cheers).
"Just look at the matter from a
practical point of view, putting aside
for the moment, the vague buzzing of
Utopian dreamers. What do we find,
my friends? (A bee gloomily:
"Wish I could find some of that honey
(By "Old Bill.")
Yes, Comrade, I'm a Socialist too,
and I wish the Cause success; no
doubt our mission's right and true;
we'll win in the end, I guess. The
present system's wholly wrong and
its end I hope to see. I feel convinced
'twill not be long ere class rule cease
to be.
I've often sst at home and mused
on the down-trod workers' needs, when
I see the way they are abused, I tell
you my heart near bleeds, and I feel
as If I'd anything do this system vile
to end; you may depend my heart's
with you In the work you do, my
friend. You're organizing a Local,
you say? Well, that is news of cheer;
that it will meet success I pray; no,
I can't be there, I fear.
You see I've something on tonight,
1 surely must be there, at the Royal
Ancient Sons of Light I weekly take
the chair.
You're holding meetings all this
week? Now, really, that ls line. I'd
surely like to hear you speak and
see you toe the line, but tomorrow the
Bunghole Trimmers meet, to their
union I belong; you're holding meetings on the street? Well, let them
have it strong!
Shall I have on the following eve
an hour or two to spare? Well, really now, it makes me grieve, but I
bave to take the chair at a meeting
which is being held by the Local Option folks; they pressed me to, and I
felt compelled, so hard did they plead
and coax. Then the Sabbath day we
reach. Comrade, I'm really vexed,
that twice that day I'm called to
preach—the Golden Rule my text.
The QueerfellowB meet on Monday
■night, an event I cannot miss; the
Lemonmen meet, honor bright, on the
evening after this. The Y. M. C. A.
my next night claims; I cannot pasB
that by; last week I spoke on "Hopes
and Alms." "The Wherefore of the
Why" the subject of my next address,
Queensland sugar plantations and noted how they were driven to work, a
comparison of these slaves with the
modern free-born British subjects (who
repudiate the fact that they are slaves)
whose efforts kept the concrete mixer
going, ia in order,
The slaves on the Queensland Sugar
plantations was taken to Queensland
from the South Sea Islands in vessels
that were called labor-vessels by the
Government officials, and blackbirders
by the vulgar mob. The latter name
is very expressive of the way in which
the blacks were secured, that is, they
were trapped, being enticed into the
trap by an alluring bait and held there
by force. The plantation, owners contracted with the owners of these vessels for so many slaves at so much per
head, the price varying according to
the physical make-up of the slaves.
The vessel was also under obligation to
return them at the expiration of their
term of slavery (3 years). The reason
they were not kept for life was because modern civilization, disease, etc.
made such inroads on the constitutions
of the blacks that, on the average, they
were not fit for a much longer period
of slavery.
All vessels occupied in the black-
following jbirding   business  were  compelled  by
the sugar
barons owned) to carry a man called
the Government Agent, whose duty
was to see that the blacks got fair
play. As a rule this person did not
know the first word of any of the
"lingoes" spoken in the different islands from which the savages were
obtained, which goes to show that the
"Government Agent" was only there
to sanctify the proceedings.
Arrived in Queensland, the slave was
put to work on the sugar plantation
and,  as  he  was  the  property  of  his
owner, he represented so much wealth,
therefore it was to his master's interest to see that he had sufficient food,
clothing and shelter to keep him in a
physical condition to produce wealth.
I   always   get   a  crowd,   in   view   of If the master neglected to take these
which,  I must confess,  I'm gratified precautlona, he lost out on the transac-
and proud. tlon.
Though your meetings I can't at-' There were several ways by which
tend, I feel I do my part by wishing I the slaves were kept in captivity,
you success, my friend, from the bot-!First, the State had Its police to club
torn of my heart. [them   when  necessary,  and   to  hunt
They're hard to wake, these work- them down, when they escaped. The
ing dubs, to show them false from militia could also be used when con-
true; for Socialist papers you're tak- venient. Then, that noble ally of
Ing subs.?   Ah, that the work will do.''capltallBni,  the  church,  took  a hand
FERNIE   CAMPAIGN   FUND.
Kindly acknowledge   the    	
contributions  to  the  Fernie   election |the  government   (which
fund, which I have despatched.
Receipt No. 37 $   25
Receipt No. 38 50
Receipt No. 39   LOO
Receipt No. 40   1.00
Receipt No. 41 25
Yours in the scrap,
J. H. BURRO UGH.
Ladysmith, B.C., Oct. 22nd.
You say from me a sub. you seek? I
do my share I feel, for I get, btendlly
each week, the Weakly and Repeal.
You say the Clarion's best of all?
I beg to disagree, for it la what I certainly  call   too  revolutionary.    Well,
Act 2.
Scene Methodlat Church,
now,'I really  must be off, "the date «**egatlon.     Minister,   now  somewhat
prospects of greater reward in Heaven,
etc., provided they obeyed their masters in everything.
The slave was not, as a general
rule, beaten, though the general impression is tbat be was. The only
time any of these slaves were beaten
was when one would not work hard
enough to suit the master, then he had
to whip him as an example to the
other slaves, so that they would know
what to expect if they did not do the
master's bidding.
We Bee from the foregoing that the
slaves were lured into captivity and.
If reports are true. In many cases they
were taken and held by force.
The slave of the present day is free
to the extent that he can leave a
certain faction of the capitalist class
if he so wills, but he ls a slave nevertheless to the capitalist class as a
whole, and he is held ln captivity by
his own ignorance and the fact that
his labor-power is a commodity in the
market and he must sell it or starve.
The slaves who were lucky enough to
have Jobs around the concrete mixer
were whipped up, not as a slave on
the sugar plantation, but by tbe fact
that they knew there were other slaves
on the sidewalk ready and anxious to
take their places. The foreman got
the mixer working at the required
speed and then told his slaves to keep
the feed full and the dump clear, ''no
need for you to kill yourselves working too hard, take it as easy as you
can boj-s." It is almost needless to
state that the mixer was working at
top speed and that there were just
enough slaves on the job, so that only
by their unceasing efforts were tho
feeds kept full and the dump clear.
When a slave without a master came
along, these noble free-born British
subjects seemed to realize the fact
that he was in competition with them
for the job and the tired muscles
woultl be driven a little harder, each
slave trying to outdo the other and
not fall behind. For was not the
master's deputy watching tnem and
were theie not other slaves ready and
anxious to take their places?
The result of this special effort was
that the hoppers were full to overflowing and they continued to pile it
on until the master's deputy had to
graciously tell them they were working too hard, just to keep the hoppers
full. The slaves then heaved a High
of relief for they still retained the Job;
and sent missionaries out to the had they not demonstrated to the Imss
islands   to   t->nch   the   savages  to  be ,that they were as cheap as any slaves
When the  (lay's  work  waa done It
was a very ignoble gang of slaves that
Rapt con-<|w(.||(| .|| their  weaiy  way to their respective   hovels,   there   to   recuperate
I've made to keep.   WHAT!    At my r*-*l'entaI"t 0I nlB rashness, in course jthe expended energy.   Their step and
Socialism you scoff, you say I'm still
asleep?    Either    asleep    or  else
of his Hermon:        ^^^^^^^^^^^
We hear a great deal about Social-
head!
TO  POINT A  MORAL AND ADORN
A TALE.
fraud? You are unjust, unkind; when Ilsm tnese aayH- but there lB no
next I kneel and pray to God, I'll keep iS°vltUtem that will beat God's Divine
you in my mind, and pray that you iPlan- For tnere "*'°u have in Uie
may pardoned be for the cruel things lverseB 1 nave -llst read to -"*m- 8oc,aI-
you've said. Bless you! Good-bye; |l8m> wltn tne P"""'"^ of God's bless-
I heap, you see, hot coals upon your jin<5-    And a11 nations shaU call you
blessed for ye sball be a delightsome
land. That Is the only kind of Socialism I have any confidence in—that
which honors God, and makes a
delightsome land.
Act 3.
Scene:    Socialist local meeting.   Discussion under way regarding the full
ticket nominated for Uie fall elections.
Speaker on floor:
I say, let us try this time to elect
one or two candidates to office if we
can't get the electors to vote the full
ticket; let us get out and boost Comrades  to offlce.
Kit:; down amid applause and the
concurrence  of the  unthinking rank
A Comedy Drama in Three Acts.
Act 1.
Scene: Public Auditorium. Large
audience gathering to hear prominent
Socialist speaker.
Conversation, at back of auditorium:
Interested spectator.—"There ls one
thing to be -said for the Socialists,
they are strong ln their beliefs."
Socialist:—Why shouldn't we be,
when we have the world to gain and
nothing to lose?
Another Scene, same place:
Enthusiastic minister, at close of
meeting rushes up to speaker and congratulates him on his truthful presentation of facts.
Curtain.
and file.
Climax.
The  weary worker:
Whom shall I trust. Priest, Politician, or shall 1 at last trust myself?
r. 8. F.
general aspect was anything but dignified for their master had bought their
labor-power and had used it to the
limit. No need for him lo see that he
had not overworked the slave; If he
was only able to stand the strain
for a few days, what matter? Were
there not plenty more to take the
vacant place, and as the wage-slave
is not bought like his black brother,
therefore he does not represent so
mnch wealth to his master and there
is no need for his master to see that
he Is not overworked.
Just so long as labor-power Is a
commodity will the slave be whipped
to work by the fear of starvation,
and ever harder will become his lot,
for with every improvement In the
tools of production, more wage slaves
are thrown into the ranks of the unemployed to compete with those that
have Jobs.
The only solution of the problem
of slavery Is the abolition of class
property in the means of wealth production, and the ushering ln of a system of society wherein there will be no
masters and no slaves, anil In which
man will receive the full product of
his toll.
J. C. BURGESS. Two
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER, BRITISh COLUMBIA
SATURDAY,  OCTOBER  29th,  1910.
£T/>e
WESTERN CLARION
Published every Saturday by the
■Socialist Party of Canada, at the Offlce
©f the Western Clarion, Klack Block
Basement, 165 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B, C.
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SATURDAY,  OCTOBER  29th,  1910.
WINTER.
Walter Wellman, the man who has
mado many successful starts in alr-
ships, in his recent attempt to cross
the Atlantic sought to secure steadiness in hla dirigible by moans o£ an
"equilibrator," which trailed in the
water. After .shaking the spray ot
the mighty deep from his hair, he
said that the equilibrator had failed
to equilibrate, had shaken things to
pieces and been the means of exploding the venture.
Human society haa also its equlli
for aiula'01'' " " '" permissible to compare
ni three'moiitUn, at j s0 old an Institution as society to
so new a thing aa uu airship. The
capitalist class depends for its ex
iatence on profits secured from its
wage slaves. In order that Ihey may
obtain labor at a price sufficiently low
to ensure profit, it is necessary that
the market be constantly filled with
"free" laborers looking for joba, ir.
other  words, the  unemployed.
The out-of-works constitute the
"equilibrator" upon which the labor
market depends for steadiness. They,
j unfortunately for the capitalists, how
ever, are human and subject to irritation at being tossed about on the
ocean of unemployment. It ia extremely likely that at some future time they
may break all bounds and cause the
wreck of the present social organization. Thus the capitalist will find his
equilibrium upset and his craft destroyed by the very thing upon which
he depended for an even keel.
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue. 	
We now approach that season of
4he year whin autumn, having given
once more of her brilliance, doffs her
radiant apparel ami prepares to make
way for sterner times; ,vhen the sun's
"rays,   having   caused   the   north   lo
Last May the Philistine, reputed .to
| be Elbert Hubbard but more probably
  | his hired hand, if we are to judge by
bloom, and seen it fade, withdraw to j the   humanly  impossible    volume  of
A  GODSEND.
hestow their warmth on other climes.
Soon another winter will gather us in
-5ts chilly embrace.
These things are not mentioned as
fccing in any way remarkable, as they
occur with more cr less regularity
every year. Much has been written
by poets and others on the delights
of winter. Who in this country has
not heard in various ways of the invigorating atmosphere, jingling sleigh
bells, sparkling snow, etc., of winter.
Much of it is the product of those who
view theae interesting - phenomena
from a safe diatance. The ordinary
•wage-worker, whom the viciasitudes
of tile labor market have placed in
touch with them ia inclined to regard
them as less inviting.
To the working class the season of
froats and snows holds out nothing
but hardships intensified. Employment falls off, fuel and clothing bills
increase, the children get croup and
> other expensive things, and altogether
'the outlook begins to don an aspect
■of gloom. "This makes you think of
what you have done with your summer's wages," is a common but sig
niflcant remark. That is the great
question, has enough been earned to
ensure existence until spring?
Looking for work is an occupation
that possesses but little charm at any
time; in winter especially it is the re
verso of gleeful. Imagine the man
whose happiest moments are spent in
huddling over the atove ln some vile-
smelling saloon; who .{denied that comfort, must perforce face the icy blast
or bow to charity's bitter insult. To
such a man the sleighbells chime no
cheerful melody; they but mock his
misery. He has no time to be invigorated by the air bet-re it freezes him,
and his only thought on the sparkling
snow is to wish he might dine off it.
Such is the lot of those whose lives
are cursed with wagea. Uncertainty
haunts them, while they make clothing to shield the shoulders of others.
Poverty, that ugly fiend of civilization,
stalks constantly near them and hovers over the heads of their families,
even as they work to pay a master's
way to some pleasure reaort.
Is this pessimism? Call It what you
wlll; we know it from experience to
be the truth. And, judging by the
activity of charitable organizations,
the Salvation Army and other varieties
of "relief" societies In winter, others
know It also. Theae outfits are al
ways "optimistic." Why shouldn't
they be? Their existence depends on
the desperation of others therefore
their optimism increases in Inverse
ratio to the pessimism of those who
suffer.
This is not, however, an appeal to
those in affluent circumstances to
have compassion on the poor. It is an
effort to cause the poor to take some
thought of the cause of their poverty.
Upon the working class falls all the
wretchedness that assails society;
from the working class flow all the
benefits that society enjoys. In the
light of its great strength that class
should think with shame of Its condition. "When it does Ha members will
cease acting In the service of others
who are idlers, and will take and enjoy the wealth which their labor ere
ates.
ATE NTS
, PROMPTLY SECURED!
"We eoiici. the business of Manufacturers,
*"*ngiii«n* and others who realize the advisability ui having their Patent business transacted
byExDctfa, Preliminary advice free. Charges
modeiat'.. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York I.ife illdg,
lioutreal: i-ud Washington. li.C, U.6.A.
output purporting to come from the
Fra's pen, unburdened himself on Socialism. The article waa the same
one usually written by anti-Socialists
except that its vehicle was that pleasing mixture of slang and impertinence
which is supposed to mark the Philistine. Incidentally we gathered the
Information that there are fifty Beven
varieties of Socialist. We have never
counted them, but that will do.
Kipling says "there are five and forty ways of writing tribal lays and
every blooming one of them is right,"
or something to that effect; anyway,
that is near enough to remember Kipling. Hence, in regard to our fifty-
seven varieties, we have precedent for
assuming that every blasted one of
them is right. And precedent is everything; if you don't believe us, ask
our legal adviser.
It ail depends on your definition of
a Socialist, and we can't remember
ours just now. The dictionaries will
provide one to fit almost any case.
So there we are, fifty-seven varieties
of us and every one of us right
However much these divisions In
our ranks may be deplored by our
enemies (which is Itself humorous
and peculiar) we can see no serious
cause for repining, and what good
would repining do anyhow? The divisions are not lamentable accidents
which might have been avoided, but
are due to perfectly natural causes
and are quite inevitable and conceivably beneficent. Everything works
for the Social Revolution, even that
which deliberately aims to work
against it, let alone that which merely appears to work against lt.
For instance, in Vancouver there Is
the S. P. of C„ with three flourishing
Locals; two opposing camps of revolutionary Industrial Unionists; the
unterrlfled S. L. P.'ers have discovered
that they are seven, so they are bent
on resuscitating their section; and
there are rumors, though very faint,
of resurrectionary possibilities even
in the famous S. D. P., which once
you can, all these five varieties united
In one great organization! It would
sprang into the field with the avowed
Intention of massacreing the S. P. of
0„ but died in the attempt.
Regretable is It not? Conceive if
be magnificent, and exciting. But being a peace-loving individual by nature, though an editor by occupation,
we would not attend business meetings except from the spectators' gallery.
No. Guess we will put up with our
fifty-seven varieties. Between the
bunch of us, and with the aid of the
capitalists and their friends and the
connivance of unwearied economic
laws, we will presently arrive.
In the meantime ls merely necessary a moderate insistence, tempered
with a saving sense of humor, that
as nearly all the members of one particular organization as is humanly
probable should be pulling in one particular direction.
about it.    We,should continue to be do their own fighting.    Does a boss
as lazy as our appetite would allow,
in a much more artistic manner than
at present we trust, as we hope the
unpleasant sensation of being caught
at it will be eliminated.
It la said that the Capitalists are a
hard-working lot. If this is true, and
we wouldn't be ao bold as to doubt It,
it is because, poor fellows, they don't
know any better. Descended of a
race of petty shop-keepers whose
noblest uim in life was to corral large
flocks of dollars, they, Instead of
properly enjoying the wealth which
a considerate working claaa bestows
upon ihem, persist in blindly working
to get more. That, among other
things, is ihe reason why we shall
soon cease to present them with
unappreciated gifts.
This involves another question,
"What would the workers do with the
wealth if they had it. In all probability they would do what suited them,
and if they couldn't make a better job
of amusing themselves than the present wealthy class, they don't deserve
it. Speaking for ourself, if we got the
full product of our toil, we should
enjoy the novelty of minding our own
business, which is something no working man can do at the present time,
the test of a good employee being his
ability to look after somebody else's.
PATRIOTISM.
Working in one of Rockefellers &
Co. towns, a town in which all the
working class are owned by the one
company, which Is cursed by the
poisonous fumes from sulphur, where
grass is unseen for a distance around,
and where the lot of the workers is
ten hours a day of that monotonous
grind known as work (which they
have such a degrading passion for),
where one often hears*'the cough due
to the Inhaling of sulphur fumes, which
in time leads to consumption, it would
seem strange to find patriotic Canadians and Britishers, driven from the
old land, true to their country and
King; men willing to fight for "the
grand old flag," brave fellows.
Patriotism seems to be an hereditary disease to many. The master
class have seen fit to aid and abett
this malady by educating the youngsters along a certain line in school,
where they are taught that history
is a series of bloody wars and Kings
(without the cause of wars), which
teaching developes race prejudice.
When they grow up nowadays, some of
them join the "boy scouts" with such
study his own countrymen when he
orders the police and volunteers to
shoot you down when you are on
strike? Not on your life. Does he
study patriotism when he can buy a
"foreigner" cheaper than a Britisher?
Not on your life. Does he study
patriotism when he sells ammunition
iiiul gnus to a foreign foe? I guess
not; he's after profit. Then let them
do their own dirty fighting. Too long
have the workers been their lackeys.
Our interest as workers la to alln;;
the master class off our bucks. The
Interests of the working class of the
world are Identical. We aie wage
slaves, living In hovels, wearing shoddy clothes, denied all the good things
of life, doomed to sickening, monotonous drudgery' from dawn till dark, or
looking for it—und that Is worse, By
our tired bodiea and suffering wives
and children we keep musters in luxury off our labor, because they own
the means of life, thereby owning us.
So let the master class and their press
shout war. Our mission as Socialists
will be to tear the veil of hypocrisy
from the eyes of the ruling class and
to preach war, the class war, between
the working class of the world and
the master class of the world. A war
not to get workers crippled, but a war
that ere long must come to a finish
through tlie working class getting political power and by ao doing transform the means of production into collective property. The workers will
then be masters of their own deatiny.
The end draws near.
"THE STOWAWAY."
WHAT   IS  THE  MATTER.
The Fernie Election has resulted in
a defeat by over 200 votes. Why?
The Conservative party never held a
meeting, not a solitary one. They
knew they would win, to them victory
was a foregone conclusion. Did any
member of the Socialist party have
any solid ground except the result
of the last election on which he could
form a calculation? Our men worked
hard, meetings galore were held and
unquestionably good propaganda work
was done, but when the Socialists
spoke of winning the seat, how the
conservatives must have smiled in
their sleeves.
The Socialists are bad organizers.
The capitalists can beat us hollow.
This is a fact. Give a Liberal or
a   Conservative   candidate   the   same
Socialist Directory
Every locnl of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card umier this
head. $1.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
Socialist Purty of Canada. Meats
every alternate Monday. D. G. Mc-
Ken/Jo, Secretaryi Llox 16S8, Vancouver,   B.   C.
BRITISH     COLUMBIA      PBOVINCIAL
Executive Commit tee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. 1). Q. McKenzie, Secretary,
BOX 168.S Vancouver, U. C.
ALBERTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Commit tee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday lu
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite po.-itoillee. Secretary will be
pleased to answer uny coiuniunicatioiiH
regarding the movement in the province. P, Danby, Sec, Box 6*17 Calgury,
Alta.
MANITOBA      PROVINCIAL.     EX33CU-
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Tuesdays in the month at 12 1-2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring information about the movement in Manitoba, or who wis lies to
join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. \V. H. Stebblngs,
Sec, 310 Good St., Winnipeg.
MARITIME      PROVINCIAL       EXECU-
tive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada, Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   B.   C,   NO.  1.—
Canada.       Business     meetings     every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2231
Westminster Ave.
P. Perry, Secretary, Box 168S.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, B.  C.,  NO. 46	
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 151
Hastings St. W. Secretary. Win.
Mynttl.
LOCAL   LADYSMITH  NO.  10,   S.   P.   of
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
J. H. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmlth,
B.  C.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 95, S. P. of C,
meets fn Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. B. Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box 074. Roasland Finn tab. Branch
meets In Finlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
705 Uosslond,
LOCAL   NELSON,   8.   P.   of  C,   MEETS
every Friday evening ut 8 p. m., in
Miners' J-lull, Nelson, B. C. 1, A. Austin,  Secy.
LOCAL YMIR, B. C, No. 31, S. P. Of O.
—Meets every third Saturday ln
mouth, ut 7:30 p. in. E. Anderson,
Secretary; W. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer.
Unattached Comrades In the district
are earnestly requested to get in touch
with Secretary, who will answer all
enquiries.
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., No. 4, 8. P.
of C. Meetings every Sunday ut 8
p.m. in the Labor Hall, Burber Block,
Eighth Ave. E, (near postofiice). Club
and Beading Boom. Labor HaU, T,
Machin, Secretary. Box 617, A. Maedonald,   Organizer,   Box   647.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9,
Miners' Hull and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOCAL  EDMONTON, ALTA.,  NO.  1,  8.
P. of C. Hearquarters 622 First St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Reading Room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
I
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, B. C, HO. 58—
LETTISH—Meets every second and
last Sunday In the month, 2 p. in.
K. J. Weinberg, 40 Ave., South Hill.
.1. Schogart. Seuretury, Box 1610,
Vancouver,   B.   C.
LOCAL VICTOBIA, NO. 2,   .8. P. OF C.
Headquarters and Heading Kooin,
623 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Theatre. R,
Thomas, Secretary.
LOCAL LBTH13BIDOE,, ALTA., HO. 13,
8. F. of C.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sunday ln the month, at 4 p.m. in
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas.
Peacock, Box 19S3.
LOOAL REGINA NO. 6, SASKATCHEWAN.—Meets every Sunduy, 3 p.m.,
Trades Hall, Scarth St. Secretary,
Alex. Watchman, General Delivery.
Socialist speakers will be greatly appreciated.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.   8,   S.   F.  of  C.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hali. Business meeting
ut 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place. Rec. Secy., Box 826.
^_^_^—^m^^^—m„^——————m      chance Id the constituency    as    the
a remarkable brave fellow as Baden- 'socialist, and the enemy will win every
Powell for a leader. Thus the young- j time- We must endeavor to remedy
sters are taught in their infancy to ^ mis, and the only way that , can see
become assassins. In church, es- ls t0 devise waya and means to make
pecially the cnurch of England, theyjour political machine more efficient,
are taught flag worship, and to obey - auest|on whether we have one first
the King and Royal Family (a gang cIaas eiection agent in the whole pai.ty
of Parasites).   The "good church" has , We shouid have one in every division.
just recently shown that they are
coming over to the Socialist position
by sending cablegrams of faithfulness
to King George. As long as Kings
exist so does slavery.
Being a Britisher myself (that Ib If
Scotchman can be called a Britisher),
I'm anything but proud of a flag or
people who have lived under the Union
Jack or encouraged lt, for it Is stained
with the blood of the working class,
who have foolishly and ignorontly
fought their master's battles. It tells
of nothing but murder, roguery and
land grabbing, and to be proud to
belong to a nation of plunderers is.
degrading.    The old political parties,
The ordinary business meetings of
the average local have one prevalent
feature. Every member tries to get
out of a job. If a committee has to be
formed to execute any special business, the old hands look around for
suckers. Most of the members of a
few years' standing try to do as little
as possible, unless it ls In the limelight. Any son of a gun, whether
suitable or not, struggles to appear in
full view at propaganda meetings.
There are, of course, some noble exceptions, but the chew-therags of
cientiflc filigree generally predominate
in most of the old established locals.
We are all cursed with constitutional
Liberal or Conservative usually have
a Union Jack and Maple Leaf at their ,******• to a more or less extent, when
meetings and the patriotic band play-1" comes t0 dolnS what snoul(* be
ing such tunes as "See the Conquering ;done' and what the capitalist class
Hero Comes." This Is usually true, |,egard as the one thln*5 need*u1'
for they are certainly conquering | We do not want votes that are not
heroes, the speakers, for don't they ours. We want only the votes of class
own the mills, factories, etc., and well (conscious men; but If we have these
the workers have learnt the lesson. |men, we are fools not to see that
Now, why should we workers be as far as possible these votes are re-
patriotic? Is lt to defend our miser-,corded. Some of the comrades wlll
able hovels we live ln?   What country say, "If they are class conscious they
THE   LAZY.
What will Socialism do with the
lazy man? This is a burning question
with a great many people, nnd one
that a large number of Socialists
labor strenuously to answer.
The laziest man with whom we are
acquainted and about whom we know
the most, is ourself. About this person we are enabled to speak with
some authority. The problem of what
to do with him, were the Co-operative
Commonwealth ushered in to-morrow,
is easy of solution, although lt is
seldom we are active enough to think
do we workers own to defend? We (*will look after that themselves." They
propertyless workers are only lodgers seem to forget that a little assistance
upon our masters' territory which we facilitates matters, especially amongst
to-day depend upon for our living, by | those who are new to the country
virtue of their ownership of the,and its registration laws. The Social-
means of life, which we have to getjist movement is not the Socialist
access to in order to live. When we,Party and it is the duty of the party
ask them for permission to work, we to make things simple and plain to the
simply mean: Kind master, can we | wage-slave, that now often confuse
stay upon the earth a little longer? .him, in regard to getting on the list,
They are masters, we are slaves, and ,otc. If he is a discontented slave, you
a slave's duty in life is to produce ,bet your life the agents of the capital-
wealth so that his masters can list clasB won't help him, and many,
revel In luxury. new to the country, who have grasped
How has the master class shown Its ithe fundamental principles of our
patriotism to the Crimean veterans proposition, have great difficulty ln
after using them as their lackeys? i wading through the tangle of red tape,
Pick a paper up and you usually read: etc., to the ballot box. Some of them
Another vetern gone, died In such and .say, "Well if the Socialist Party don't
such  a workhouse.    How many got care I don't."
crippled ln the Boer war, fighting for | The whole political machinery, if we
a gang of millionaires, and what has have any, wants overhauling, and
become of them, how are they living jways and means sought out to simplify
(inquire at the workhouBes). What .matters for everybody; and if it is
has become of the widows and orphans necessary to go to the expense of
of the men killed (Inquire at the paying organizers for this work, go to
sweat-shops In Britain). Yes, and jit. It's the only way. The party has
perhaps worse.       • |to regard  itself as a political party
and its members must submit themselves to a discipline which we have
LOCAL   FEBNIE,   S.   F.   of   C.   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners-
Union Hall, Victorlu Ave., Kernie, every Sunday evening ut 7:45. Business
meeting lirst Sunday in eacli month,
sume place at 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
LOOAL VEBNON, B. ft, 38, B. F. Of C,
meets every second and last Friday in
each month. Chas. chancy. Sec, Box
127  Vernon. B.  C.
LOCAL FBINCE BVFEBT, B. C, Ho. S3,
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hall ln Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. in.   L. Ii. Gorliam, Secretary.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, HO. 16, 8. F. OF
C, meets every Sunday ln Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. ni. Socialist speakers
are Invited to call. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
LOCAL MABA, B. ft, HO. 34, 8. F. of C,
Meets first Sunday in every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Roscman,   Recording  Secretary.
LOCAL MOYIE, B. C, HO. 30.—MEETS
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. in McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
Secretary.
LOCAL      BEVBLSTOXB,      B.C.S.F.C	
Propaganda and business meetings at
8 p. m. every Sunday evening in the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are invited to attend. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
LOCAL WINNIPEG, 8. F. of C, HEAD-
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite Roblin Hotel. Business meeting every Monday evening at
3 p in. Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.
Secretary, J. W. Hilling, 270 Young
Street.
LOCAL TOBOHTO,  ONT., HO. 34, 8. F.
OF C. Business meetings 2nd and
4th Wednesdays In the month, at
the Labor Temple, Church St. Outdoor propaganda meetings, Saturday,
8 p.m.,'City Hall; Sunday afternoon,
3 p.m., at University and Queen St:
Sunduy night, 8 p.m., ut Shuter ana
Yonge St. Speakers' Class every
Thursday, 8 p.m., at Headquarter*,
79 Church St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOCAL BBANTFOBS NO. 16, 8. F. OP
C.—Meets every Thursday at 8 p.m.
at 252 Dalhousie St., for party business und economic class. Wage-workers Invited. A. W. Baker, Secretary,
9 George St. W. Davenport, 141 Nelson St., Organizer. N.B.—No "leaders" wanted.
LOCAL   COBALT,   No.   9,   8.   F.   of   a
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. in Miners'
Hail. Everybody invited to attend.
M.   J.   Gorman,   Box   446,   Financial
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   F.   of  C,
Business meeting 1st Sunday ln
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Robert-
Allan Hall, 78 Rldeau St. The usual
weekly inside propaganda meetings
discontinued during summer months.
John Lyon.s Secretary, 43 Centre St.
LOCAL OLACE BAT NO. 1, Or N. 8.—
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's hall. Union Street. Ail are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office ln D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Street.
To Canadian Socialists
On account of increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review In Canada
$1.20 a year Instead of $1.00. We
can, however, make the following
special  offers:
For $3.00 we will mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
Fur "0 cents we wlll mail ten
copies of any one Issue.
For $3.00 we will mall the Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist fqr one year.
CRABLB8 H. XEBB ft COMFAHT
134 West Klnzle St., Chicago.
After  the   master   class  has  used
you for their own nefarious end they
sling you In the gutter.    If the Oer- |all previously endeavored    to    avoid.
mans Invade England to-morrow, what
have  the  workers  to  protect?  their
poverty, that's all, and goodness knows
they have had that long enough.   We
have  nothing  to  protect,   why  then
fight our master's battles,
We don't like to work for the movement. We like to talk about the cut
of its pants and put off everything
until capitalism bursts itself. What
the good of all our propaganda if
It is one I we are too lazy to forge weapons out
gang of plunderers after the property of the material we have already made,
of another gang, then let the parasites LESTOR.
Price List of Literature
Issued by tbe Dominion Executive
Committee
"Slave of The Farm," or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the publishing fund, $1.00
per 100, to others 25c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Profit," to subribers
to publishing fund $2 per 100, to others
30c per doz.
' 'Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"  to subscribers  to   publishing
fund $6 per 100, to others 76c por doz.
PRICE LIST OF 8UPPLIES
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application    blank
per 100   25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen       50
Books of all Kinds
Paine's Age of Reason 25c
Six Ingersoll Lectures  25c
Shelley's Poems Jl.51
The Origin of Species, Darwin 25c
Voltaire's Famous Romances
 75e
"Nana" by Zola  He-
Self—Contradictions   of the   ^H_
Bible 2*18*1
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
SsZmm THE CAFETERIA
305  Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
cooked.
Chas. M-alcahey, Prop.
*>54
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 PENDER
t -rVS OWN        ,A>itt^    on ^
'**&* '"KURTisSpanish blossom
BfST IN B.C.
ClOrVBSJ SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29th, 1910.
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
TV" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
aud General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
SALMON ARM, B. C.
Comrade:—In accordance with previous  arrangements  Comrade  Gerald
, Desmond arrived in Salmon Arm late
last Saturday night, holding meetings
in Salmon Arm and In Silver Creek,
at both of which I was present.   Good
, crowds were in attendance; the Silver
■ Creek meeting being rather the better
'in this respect as nearly every family
| in this  settlement  was  represented.
Gerald Desmond is un Interesting
I speaker and makes the subject very
I plain. He does not attempt to deal
I with too much in one address, but the
i main points are well brought out.
lis   subject   was   "Wages,"   and   the
I money wage, real wage and relative
wage were dealt with in turn, showing
that the position of the worker is
getting worse and not better as the
capitalist politician would have |us
believe. The Socialists were highly
Relighted with Desmond's story of the
patent improved double-action pump
by means of which the thirsty travellers kept the pump-owner's tank
filled with water, and our opponents
could not deny that the capitalist system is similar in many respects to the
patent pump.
The collection amounted to $4.00 and
I$2.30 respectively.    Unfortunately our
Comrade's stock of literature he.d almost run out, or a good deal would
have been sold.
A list of names of those willing to
(join a local was formed and steps will
be taken in this direction as soon as
possible.
Yours in revolt,
ALF. JOHNSON.
[Silver Creek, B. C, Oct. 22nd.
ST.   JOHN.
Local    St.   John,  N.  B.,  is   forging
kahead; propaganda meetings are held
. every Sunday on Mill street, and are
I very well  attended.    Organizer   F1U-
> more of Maritime Executive paid us
| a visit and addressed two meetings.
His subjects were "The Uses of the
, Canadian Army" and "The Exploita-
, tion of the Worker."   He pointed out
how troops had been used at Glace
Bay,    Springhill    and    other    places
against the interests of the worklng-
T men, and that under this system the
military, law and government would
always be behind the capitalist class.
He  also  pointed  out  what  the  Boy
' Scout movement would be used for,
and how they in time would join our
1 armies to be used against the interests of the only useful class on earth
—the working class.
He further showed the worker had
[ nothing but his labor-power to sell,
and was therefore a commodity and
1 was classed in the same category as
beef, squash and onions; therefore
he (the worker) was at a disadvantage if he could not dispose of his
power to labor—he would soon starve.
The workers have at their disposal
means to prevent this state of affairs,
if at election times they would send
class conscious working men to parliament to represent them, and finally
I to obtain possession of the state, and
pass laws so that the land, factories,
' mines, etc., would become collective
property of the working class.
[F. HYATT.
$$%$:■■■         
<H'* *'-!     BARITZ'   SUMMARY.
nt,.', 	
If-Jjiliwust give a statistical account of
\%Ot work. Toronto local 24 appointed
■if as organizer in July 13th. From
'JWy 15th to Oct. 10th I addressed 5G
open air meetings. Collections (Including those for Toronto Local 24)
have amounted to $97.89. I have sold
literature altogether amounting to
$52.04. This Includes all literature belonging to Toronto local 24 and that
set. over by the S. P. O. B. I have
obtained about 90 subs, for the Clarion
and cleared oft a stock ot about 900
Clarions for Toronto local.
I don't know how many miles I
travelled but I've had a hell of a time
of it.
MOSES BARITZ.
HERE'S  YOUR   CHANCE.
Berlin, Oct. 12, 1910.
The Finnish Local of Port Arthur
and several others desire a referendum for the holding of a Dominion
convention, of.all dissatisfied Locals
affiliated and unaffiliated, for the purpose of organizing a Socialist Democratic Party.
You will therefore let the Secretary P. E. C. have your vote by Nov.
30th, 1910.
Are you in favor of holding a Dominion convention for the organization of a Socialist Democratic Party?
Date—Dec. 31, 1910, and Jan. 1,
1911, or April 15 and 16, 1911.
Place—Winnipeg or Port Arthur.
Assessment—$1.00 per member.
To curtail expenses, do you favor a
delegate representing several Locals,
and voting by proxy?
In sending out the above referendum the Provincial Executive Committee desire to state their position.
Sooner or later every country has
to contend with the formation of several Socialist Parties. The cause of
this is largely due to a lack of clear
understanding on the part of the
working class of the real meaning of
the class struggle.
Almost every Socialist Local has a
sprinkling of members who have received their early training in the
trade union movement, and as the
first impressions as a rule are the
longest lasting, a difficulty arises as
to what constitutes the class struggle.
The trade union movement being a
commodity struggle, a struggle to
raise the price of their labor power,
a large majority of Socialists experience great difficulty in evolving
through the commodity struggles and
finally landing clear, free of Utopian
sentimentalism and planks a yard long
in a political platform.
On the economic field the interests
of the workers are antagonistic; it
is therefore imperative that the working class cannot unite on the economic.
The political is the only form.of
organization which affords an' oppor-':
tunity for the workers of all coun-'
tries to unite, and as such has a single mission—to stop the robbery—
and therefore requires but one demand clear of palliatives.
We, therefore, assume the position,
that any party which bases its propaganda on a recognition of the class
struggle and declares for the Socialist republic, i. e., the socialization of
the means of production, distribution
and exchange and has no program of
palliatives, is the only form of organization that can safely guide the workers into the co-operative commonwealth.
B. LTSS,
Secty. P. E. C.
•   •    »
(We cheerfully print the above in
case it should have escaped the attention of any "dissatisfied Locals."
We only wonder how the position of
the Berlin Executive will rhyme with
that of the Port Arthur Finns, but
it's none of our business, anyway.—
Ed. Clarion.)
JUMPING  AT  CONCLUSIONS.
According to the Winnipeg Voice,
Toronto Local, No. 24, of the S. P. of
O, has imposed so many strictures
upon the conduct of James Simpson
that "Jimmy" has decided to resign—
from the Local, but not from the Party or movement. Had I been in Simpson's shoes less courteous language
would have been used in tendering
the resignation. A bunch of philosophizing resolution mongers such as
seem to have got loose in Toronto recently, should be politely but promptly and emphatically told to go hence.
What Jimmy should have done was
to organize a consigning crew.—R. P.
P., Vancouver World, Oct. 15.
The resolution is based upon excellent authority; none less than the
Toronto Globe. It Is framed by great
men and minds, over two thousand
miles from where the evidence was
secured. It sounds fine and makes a
good story, ln the absence of any real
local work to accomplish. It's great
dope! There's only one little detail
lacking. And that is Its absolute untruthfulness. A mere detail, to be
sure, but nearly always essential to
make out Bticli cases.—R. P. P., Western Clarion, Oct. 1.
Query No. 1.—Is the Winnipeg Voice
any safer to quote from than the Toronto Globe, especially on a topic concerning the Socialist Party?
Query No. 2.—Is lt any safer for
R. P. P. to Jump at conclusions at a
distance of 2,000 miles than for a
bunch of r-r-revolutionarles in Toronto to do likewise?
Comment.—Not having been ; present at the meetings of Local Toronto,
24, where resolutions were passed
concerning Comrade R. P. P. and Comrade Simpson, and not being entirely
in favor of either resolution, I may be
able to make a point without bias.
The point is that Comrade Simpson
didn't have to resign — If he hadn't
wanted to do so. In the opinion of
good friends of Comrade Simpson in
the movement here, Comrade Simpson seized a favorable opportunity to
withdraw from a situation rapidly becoming more and more Intolerable.
A careful reading of the resolution
on technical education passed by Local 24 will show that Comrade Simpson was not asked to submit his re-
jPort tp the Local. He was "requested
to attend and report the result of his
enquiries and the nature of the report he intends to make," and this
Comrade Simpson had consented to do
at a special meeting held a week previous to the passage of the resolution, when he outlined his position,
and a committee ot Comrades Stroud,
Dury and Stewart were appointed to
frame a resolution.
Comrade Simpson takes an entirely
wrong position, in my opinion, when
he assumes that anyone wanted to
censor his report. He was an elected
Comrade of Local 24, and the Comrades had a right to know what he
was doing. His appointment waB
made as much because of the standing in educational matters gained as
a candidate of the S. P. of C. as because of his nomination by the Trades
Congress. The talk of "breach of
faith" In making his report public before being sent to the government,
appears to be highly moral, but Is
really tommy-rot. If, after his investigations, Comrade Simpson could not
make a report in agreement with the
views of his Comrades, and he believed his position sound, that would
be the time for threshing out the
matter.
The passing of the resolution by Local 24 did not force Comrade Simp-
If the Russian comrades will look
carefully at what happened during the
French Revolution at the end of the
18th century, and see what transpired
during the agitation of the Reform
Bill in England, and see how the
Liberals smashed the Chartists' movement; if they will note how the
Kossuth was so prominent; how the
Italian Revolution of 1859; how the
Young Turkish party within the last
few hours has been against the Interest of the working class, they will
do what ir right in opposing the
capitalist, landlord and aristocratic
classes. They must not make the
fatal blunder of taking sides In those
quarrels, and so repeat the danger of
the French Revolution. The situation
is such that they should point out how
the development of society has gone
on. The fight for constitutional
power by the capitalists in Russia, is
their fight, not the workers.
Whilst it is true that the emancipation of the working class must be
acomplished by political means, nevertheless they should be under no misapprehension as to their action. So
keep on pointing out the necessity of
the control of that -jalltical power.
Educate the working class, to the proletarian viewpoint of political economy, and you will have a chance of
diverting the movement from the
slimy channel it has passed in Great
Britain. Let the watchword be the
world tor the workers and for the
sake of the movement let the fusion
with capitalist parties, be strictly resisted.
When  one  begins  to examine  the
past history of the movement in
Russia, it strikes ohe as being a series
of massacres and martyrdom. If ever
torture, death, pain and sorrow gave
victory, then the working class revolution Is years overdue in Russia.
Direct action  has been an absolute
son's resignation. He could have dls-' failure. Force has been met by force,
puted it, ignored it or appealed from j and the working claBS death roll has
It. i Until he had made a report which gone raountains high. The control of
the Party could not agree with, his the political power alone will ac-
standing as a Party member was complish the working class salvation,
clear. Possibly his decision to with-;But let lt be working cia8a and not
draw was hasty, but I cannot see that the miduIe claS8 element that is going
it was forced. |to control.   In spite of all the suffer-
Personally, I regret Comrade Simp
son's withdrawal at this time, though
I have felt it would come sooner or
later. I have disagreed with him at
times, but a friendship of fifteen years
has not been broken by differences of
opinion. Comrade Simpson, to my
knowledge, has withstood strong influences and stood true to the Party
on several occasions, and I cannot
thjnk that his withdrawal from the
Party now will mean his betrayal of
the working class for a position or
his acceptance of leadership in the
reform movement which is seeking a
Moses. Rather' will he, in my opinion, remain a free lance and Improve
his position in his profession, promotion having been delayed because of
his activities in various movements.
Say, R. P. P., have you got anything
on the "philosophizing revolution
mongers" when you rush into print
on the strength of utterances of such
scribes as he of the Winnipeg Voice?
You know the story about throwing
stones in glass houses.
G. W. W.
Toronto, Oct. 21.
THE  CZAR'S  HAND.
WATBB NOTICE.
Notice Ir hereby given that nn application wlll lie made under Part V. of
the "Water Act, 1909," to obtain a license
in the Division of New
Westminster District.
Alf. Wyngaert, Ulbsons Landing B. C.
Fayne's Creek, back of District Lot1 1667
on timber limit, 1-9 C, pipe from point
of diversion, 8 chains north of northwest corner post of District Lot 1657;
Lot C West Subdivision, 13 1-3 chains
wide, 1-3 part of west boundary 16B7,
53 acres I own; domestic irrigation; 25
acres west subdivision of Lot 1657, being Lot C.
Tills notice was posted on the 1st day
of October, 1910, and application wlll be
made to the Commissioner on the 9th
day of November,  1610, at 10 a.m.
Names and addresses of any rlpnrlnn
proprietors or licensees who or whoso
lands are HUoly lo be nffected by tho
proposed works, either above or below
tho outlet nre; H. Burns, A. Wllkman.
T. L. Wiren, J. Wiren, A. Rlus, J. Chns-
ter, Stelnbruner, Walker, of Gibsons
Landing.
ALF.  WYNGAERT,
Gibsons Landing.
The efforts of the Russian government In recent years to extradite natives of that country for political of-
I'ences, and the underhanded methods
by which they seek to obtain extradition, has become an international
scandal. England, France, Germany
(In some cases), Switzerland, Italy
and Austria have strenuously opposed
many applications for extradition. But
just now it seems to be quite an interesting1 occupation for the Russian spies
over in this country to conjure up In
their Imagination tales of lawlessness
during "peaceful" times In their own
country.
But Russia has been seeking refugees In every country. Only a few
days ago one comrade was acquitted
In Paris and was saved from being
murdered by the Russian assassins.
In the States last year, Pouren and
Rudowltz were saved, and ln Canada
today. Federenko Is being held for
some crime he Is supposed to have
committed In Russia. He has been
discharged on counts of murder, and
was rearrested immediately upon his
release.
An effort is to be made to resist
his extradition on the ground that he
Is a political refugee. Such he undoubtedly is. It gives ub an opportunity to protest his present Imprisonment and attempt to obtain his immediate discharge.
The situation in Russia calls for
us, as Socialists, believing in the true
international solidarity of the working class, to point out to our supporters and those outside our ranks the ex.
act position of affairs. To be brief, one
can say that Russia Is today in the
throes of a bourgeois revolution. Do
not think for one moment thnt the
outcome will Immediately benefit the
working class. The proletarian revolution is far off and lt Is necessary to
impress upon our Russian Comrades
to be Independent, of, or rather antagonistic to the rising capitalist
class, who seek to get control of tho
political power ln Russia.
ings borne by the Russian nobility,
they are not with the workers. Look
at Prince Kropotltln, he appears to be
with the workers, he appeals (or
has done) in a revolutionary strain,
yet withal he has shown the cloven
hoof in his work on the "French
Revolution." No one would deny the
self-sacrifice of our comrades in
Russia. But let It be directed in the
right way.
See the political murders ordered
by the reigning authorities in Russia.
It makes the heart both weary and
sad to see what our female comrades have undergone. Are we to
permit Federenko to go back and
suffer the intolerable and unspeakable
tortures of those nameless hundreds
who are being murdered ln the name
of law and order?"
It would be an everlasting disgrace
to the working class of Canada to
permit lt without a vigorous protest.
Comrades, remember the sacrifice of
Sophie Petrovskaya! Think of Marie
Spiritonova. She, a young girl of 20,
well educated, sees what a scoundrel
Governor General Luchenov of Tambor
ls. This displcable tyrant had whole
villages scoured and the Inhabitants
flogged with nagalkas (which Is a
cat o' nine tails only at the end there
is a piece of metal). He ordered the
death of both men and women. He
ordered women to be given up to the
ments of a real woman. Russia has
hundreds to-day, who are willing to die
for the cause they so dearly love. The
prisons are full of them. Hundreds
are being executed year by year. Are
we going to let Federenko swell that
list?
We have a message to the working
class. This it must be, that our interests are identical with those of our
brave comrades ln Russia. They are
festering in goals, over-crowded, with
scarcely any bedding or covers. They
have no place to sleep but stone floors.
They are being tortured daily, to "Incriminate" people whom they have
never seen. Our female comrades are
being used to satisfy the degrading
passions of the police. Boys and girls
are being executed for "political
crimes." There is nothing too
fiendish for the Czar to permit. He !
knows perfectly well exactly what is j
Is going on. A writer in the Paris
Journal" last year proved It from the
private diary that was stolen from the
Czar's possession. The Czar had
marked special points ln the margin
which had been varnished in order to
keep it preserved.
The awful atrocities that have been
perpetrated In the Baltic Provinces
and are still practised, must call a
protest from all men with a spark of
manliness. Is Federenko to be delivered into the hands of those human
wolves? Wlll you not protest against
his extradition now?
Comrades, the whole situation in
Russia is that the turmoil is due to
efforts made by the capitalist class.
The Rothschilds and Mendelsohns of
Berlin have a large stake ln that
country. In order to rehabilitate
Russia, treaties have been made. The
late King's visit to Reval was the
forerunner to the Russian-English
Treaty concerning Persia where it was
decided to divide Persia into two
spheres of influence, the southern portion going to England and the northern
to Russia. This without the consent
of Persia. This is but capitalist expansion. Russia is on the verge of
financial bankruptcy. It is ln the
throes of a revolution. During this
process (which has given greater expression since serfdom was abolished
in 1861) various efforts have been
made to stamp out the "subclass" that
has been rising with the bourgeoisie
Three.
tXere and Tfow
"SMITH."
AT FERNIE.
The returns from Ferr'e indicate
that the Liberal vote went to support
Ihe Conservative. While we have no
kick at this, as we want only Socialist votes, it is Interesting to observe
the antics of these our enemies. The
antagonism between tbe Liberal and
Conservative parties reminds us of
a little incident that once came under
our observation. We had stepped for
a moment into an hotel to look at a
picture on the wall. Inside our eye
encountered two inebriated gladiators
who were glaring at each other with
vindictive hate while malignant threats
hurtled through the air. A sanguinary
conflict seemed imminent. Suddenly
there appeared a third party, who
sought to Inquire the cause of the
quarrel, whereupon the two mighty
ones fell upon him and were about to
take his life, bloodshed being only
averted by the bartender, who set up
a drink. And now, these foes who
but a moment before were about to
destroy each other, stood each with
an arm about the other's neck, and
wept maudlin tears of mutual sympathy. Thus does a common, cause, be
it booze or boodle, still the storms of
dissension.
•   •   •
The following letter was received
recently by the Emigration Army,
whose efforts in social deform are
well known:
"I write this in appreciation of the
great work you have done in my behalf. Twenty-seven years of my life
were spent In prison. Since then I .
have been at work in steady employment and have saved up fifteen dollars. Being thoroughly reformed, I
would now like to go back to Jail, if
my place there has not been taken."
a    »    *
The hustlers being otherwise engaged lately, matters have been left
to the singles who have, however, done
handsomely:
Local Montreal   bundle
Paul Davis, Wiste, Alta bundle
v,   i .*"7,       C~° •""*"'";-'"'"-• w. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta  2
Various efforts have been maintained  ,,    . . .     ,   „       . o
F.   Adshead,  Toronto  2
to divert the peoples' attention. The
Russian Government has always proclaimed that the reason of the poverty
of tbe Christians in Russia, was due to
'Smith," Vancouver  2
Singles
John Twidt, Bear River, B. C;  R.
lustful passions of his soldiers. I
™L, j    .,    i     o„i.u„»n„.   t,„u  Duma the  qual mention   was  an  easy
This  made Marie  Spiridonova boll i "• " '
... .   .     .„ ..„, f. .,„, ,,,„,   one.   But the capitalists did not   ike
with rage and she decided to kill him. , '
„..   ,. I.        . ui   j„.,h, >,«„o„ott .that, so the Duma was abolished.   So
She had to postpone his death because        ' "
,       '   . ...        _.   „„„„ •,■„,   was the 2nd and 3rd.   The next Duma
a couple of children were near him.
She  waited one  day  at the  railway »ay 8ult t?le ca,pl allst,„c,ass d10w" t°
station and sent 5 bullets through him l,he «">***•  and  "- wl»  ™»  lt8  '*"'
the Jews. But the Social Democratic Thoma8' ™!torita: A* °T* 1'cCaJIuln'
party issued a manifest stating in °"awa' °nt*/ HAenIf MJn S<£~
clear language just the opposite In Clover1-'' Sask*= *' °* "■Dondd.iqii-
,<,„., .vi ..       siZ    ■.    . v 'nondale, Alta.; W. H. Anderson, Dew-
1897 the amalgamation of the Jewish ,L'»"ua"=' *»•«■■»■•   " '
..r,    a„    ,.u ,u      „   ■ ,    r. .,   iberry, Alta.; Geo. A. Faulkner. Blond
"Bund" with the    Social    Democratic .UB"'' *-""»•• "■="•
Party proved that Jewish and Chris- he-m' AIta'' C* F Webber Carmack8,
tian working men had inentical inter-jY- T' Antoine Pelletier Chase B. C;
ests against the common oppressors. !*• r' ■-■»•■ A,bern,> B* C*; KJ™0'
Minister after Minister lied on this !Be'"n' 0nt' Moses Baritz' Toro';to;
matter from Ignatieff down to Stoly- !*• p- chew' Winnipeg; Maud Fair-
pin. Minister Von Plehve stated that ibairn' Winnipeg; Jack Oliphant, Belle-
the reason for repressive measures ,vue. Alt**-; Henry Morelli, Calgary; B.
against the Jews was because of the Simmons, Regina, Sask.; Lucy Budden.
participation of the Jewish youth in !*-I°'*th Battleford, Sask.; The Unpatri-
the Socialist movement. But his "reward" was being sent to "hell" rather
prematurely, at least just a day or
two sooner than he thought. The
resorting to tactics of violence is the
only method the proletariat have had
in the past. In the future and now,
the safest and best Is in the enlighten,
ment of the working class and the
use of the political power.
'Tis true that the property qualification has been made more stringent,
and necessarily the workers have u
less proportion of votes.    In the first
course. Then, to curry favor with the
workers, measures of reform will be
instituted and finally the capitalist
may assume absolute control of the
political machine.
With the workers, tht-re must be a
clear Issue. It .must not be the abolition of Cznrdoni, but the abolition of
though" the girl was almost | wa»"'*ve"r* whlch. '' dev<-""'ln'; so
rapidly ln Russia at the present time.
She tried to blow her brains out with
the sixth, but the pistol was knocked
out of her hands. She was beaten unconscious, dragged about hy the hair
and then outraged by the officers ln
charge, the flrst, boasting of the girl's
purity. She was then handed over to
the sergeants and they had their Bex-
ual  fill 	
dead.
She was sentenced to death, but lt
was more than the Russian Government dared to permit her execution.
Though suffering from pain and broken
bones she faced her judges after trial
and said:
"I do not fear death. You may kill
my body, but you cannot kill my belief
that the time of the peoples' happiness
and freedom ls surely coming, when
the Ideas of brotherhood and freedom
will be no more mere empty sounds,
but a part of our every day life. If
this be truth, It is no grief to lay down
one's life."
The revolting Incidents of her arrest
and captivity caused her sentence of
death to be commuted to banishment
to Siberia. She was assisted to escape
later on.
Look, again, comrades, at Zlnalda
Konnlplannlkova. She, a girl student
shot General Winn dead. On the
scaffold, this heroine within a few
seconds of eternity, faced her murderers and defiantly said:
"Wherever I may chance to die, In
prison, on tho gallows, In the mines of
Siberia, I shall die with but one
thought. Forgive me, my people, I
can give you so little—Only my life."
There   you   have   tho  dying   senti-
Let the working elass in Russia nnd
here concentrate their energies, not in
the change of forms of government
under capitalism, but the Immediate
end of the system. Russia In coming
Into line. Its governors aro using
every means to secure Its control. It
UBes rape, mas*iacre, torture and starvation to make their subjects submit.
But the proletariat who are bearing
the brunt In the fight to-day, though
they wlll not win Immediately, are
conscientious and determined. They
possess courage, they have withstood
the most hateful and fiendish cruellies
In their endeavor to remain true to
tholr claf'. Death Is preferable to
treachery Our sympathy, our support, our indylng thanks go out to
our comrades there In Russia In their
hard struggle. We ln Canada can
hesl show our appreciation to the international movement by endeavoring
to keep here one who has escaped
the living death of a Russian prison.
Comrades, do your best for a member
of our class and let hlm not be sent
to satisfy the bloodthirsty Jaws of
those tigerish beasts In Russia. -Will
you help for the sake of Ihe movement?
MOST5S BARITZ.
otic Irishman, Revelstoke, B. C; R. J.
Pratt. Eburne, B. C; C. E. Kllby.
Claxton, B. C; Chas. Mulcahey, J.
Carmichael,   Vancouver.
• a     •
The difference between the wealth
produced and the amount paid to the
producer In wages, Is the measure of
the latter's political Ignorance.
• a    •
Whether to vote for a Liberal or
a Conservative, is of as much importance to tbe working man as
whether his pay cheque is on pink or
blue paper.
• a   a
WISDOM.
Four Wise Sayings in M. A. P.,
20, 1910, by Saint John D.
Rockefeller, Junior.
Aug.
1. "Blackest of all crimes is to
devote money to an improper use."
2. "Nothing is more despicable to
my mind than the man who cannot
afford luxuries or expensive pleasures,
and makes a practice of obtaining
them nt another's expense."
3. There are three requisites for
business success—FlrBt, Honesty, absolute honesty; Second, Industry, back,
ed by a fair amount of intelligence
Third, perseverance."
4. "No man should be ashamed of
work, no matter how menial It Is. If
he Is ambitious he can always flnd
something better, but let him do well
the task he originally sot for himself."
W. FAULKNER.
Coppercllff, Ont.,
Oct. 16th.
OVCR 68 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
DEMON!
^^^^^^^^^    CoPYRIQHTt etC.
Anrnna sending a <■'"■' <->i and description msr
quickly nscarLnlu o-ir Ohlntrtn froo whotlior su
hivi'iitlnn is prohnlily P'liv'iuthln.   Comminilrs.
t,..i,n ,.c rI.-: iy. >.,, ■,i• Nil. HANDBOOK r.lll'nlciila
sent frna. oldest ueon.-j f'irs<-airlnK patents.
l'ntonts takon llinpiiuli Munn ct Co. NMlTt
special notice, l-lllioul cltnrao, Intlui
Scientific American.
A hAnr-l-M-uiel-jr Hlntf-ntti-il wM-kly. I-artr-nt rlr-
*-il-ill'-ii M any ■''lontlfla Mirtuvt. Terim for
OanjuUj ji.7i» a ywir, pottota ptqwA-   soli f»T
iffi"i"Co-!«B,B*«**»NswYort THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCQUV ER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY,  OCTOBER 29th,  1910.
SCIENCE   AND  THE  "SOCIAL
PROBLEM."
The Logic of the Socialist Solution.
A Common Error.
Emile Zola, in his realistic novel,
"Work," pictures science as the peaceful means by which the "evils" of
uodern society will be removed. He
tells us that the continued application
of science to Industry will solve "the
social problem," the political action
of the working elass being unnecessary. Zola's attitude has been adopted by others, and the popularity of
contemporary science has led many
intelligent workers to hold aloof from
social and political movements and to
occupy themselves with natural science.. It ls opportune, therefore, to
consider the relation of science to the
interests of the workers.
The greatest uvlng biologist, Prof.
Haeckel, open his work "The Riddle
of the Universe," with these words:
"The close of the 19th century offers
one of the most remarkable spectacles
to thoughtful observers. All educated
people are agreed that it has in many
respects outstripped its predecessors,
and has achieved tasks that were
deemed impracticable at its commencement. An entirely new character has been given to the whole of
modem civilization, not only by our
■istounding theoretical progress in
-ound knowledge of nature, but also
'iy the remarkable fertile application
of that knowledge in technical science,
industry, commerce and so forth.
"On the other hand we have made
ittle or no progress in moral and
social life in comparison with the
"arller centuries; at times there has
teen seriouB reaction and from this
(.bvious conflict there has arisen not
'■nly an uneasy sense of dismember-
-uent and falseness, but even the
srave danger of catastrophes in the
: olitical and social world."
In his later essays, "The Wonders
' f Life," the same writer describes
thus: "Misery and want are increas-
;ag among the poor as the division of
'abor and over-population Increase;
thousands of strong and active men
come to grief every year without any
'ault of theirs, often precisely because
'.hey are quiet and honest; thousands
?re hungry because with the best
will in the world they cannot find
■vork; thousands are sacrificed to the
heartless demands of our iron age with
"":■&)  exacting technical  and  industrial
■ equirements. On the other hand, we
sae thousands of contemptible charac-
i srs prospering because they have
leen able to deceive their fellows by
nscrupulous speculation or because
'hey have flattered and served the
highest authority."
The Capitalist Squint.
After having shown the great con-
(rast between the advance of science
nd the terrible state of the mass of
the people one might have expected
his leading thinker to inquire into
the cause of this phenomenon. But
the bourgeois professor looks at things
:'rom   the. capitalist   standpoint,   and
11 we get from him is a tilt at the
Oathollc   Church—as   though   poverty
vas absent from Protestant England,
' eatBen Japan or France with Secularists at the helm!
Sometimes, also, over-population ls
'inted at as the cause ot the trouble,
lut the facts provide a crushing re-
"jtatlon of this claim. Misery is widespread in France, where a falling birth.
I ate gives rise to the cry "race
ruicide," and has prompted the suggestion that parents of more than
'hree children  be given  a bonus  by
he Government. The population of
'reland, 8% millions in 1850, is now
•nly 4% millions, yet distress abounds
' i the land.   Many examples could be
■ lven, but these suffice; the fact regains that poverty exists to-day in the
very midst of plenty "such as was
i ever seen on earth before."
Why   then   has   social   life   lagged
' ehind while signal progress has been
lade in other fields?   Simply because
■ -ienee has not been applied In deal-
*g with the "social problem." Science
' i systematlsed knowledge, and lt teach.
' i us that all effects have an adequate
tuse.    This teaching Ib  acted  upon
■ hen treating most subjects, but the
condition of the working class ir
caused by the robbery of the workers
by the class that owns tbe means of
producing wealth, the Socialist seeks
to overthrow that class and abolish
this system, and so remove the cause
from which the social evils spring.
Consider some of the methods pursued toward many phases of industrial and social life, despite the volume
of scientific knowledge acquired in
this "wonderful century" (as Alfred
Russell Wallace calls It). Consumption and kindred diseases find their
victims chiefly among the working
class, owing to the conditions under
which they work and live. This is
admitted by the National Association
f jr the Prevention of Consumption, and
Already in 1847 Marx and Engels, ln between man and man has long since
studying and criticising the philosophy ipassed; but the fruits of Industry are
of Hegel, had come to the conclusion to-day monopolised by a few, with the
that the method of producing and dis- consequence that men, women and
tributing wealth, and the social organ!- children of the working class are forc-
zation arising from it, fqrmed the .ed to fight like animals for the oppor-
basis upon which the political, legal.tunity to earn the necessaries of life,
and religious institutions are built up. jThe spectacle of a father competing
They prove that throughout history
the development of economic forces
had rendered inevitable changes in
the forms of social life.   Since civiliza-
with his children for a job, brother
against sister, husband against wife, Is
not by Nature ordained, but in the
result of the economic condition im-
tlon   began   the   property  conditions posed upon the workers hy those who
have led to the division of society into see  in   cheap   and   numerous   wrtge-
classes, with opposing Interests,  and ! slaves,   a   chance  of  ever-increasing
he class struggles that ensued resulted profit for themselves.
In political revolutions with the rise
of a new class to power each time.
It Is important, too, to realize what
the phrase "Survival of the fittest"
Implies, beause many .of our unscrupulous opponents twist its meaning.
Mr.   Mallock,   for   instance,     In     his
  An analysis of the capitalist system of
was  clearly  indicated at  their  Edln- j society showed that the capitalist class
burgh Conference in July.   They state obtained  their  wealth  by  employing
that "the prevention of consumption workers to use the Instruments of pro- jiAristocracy and Evolution." endeavors
raises the whole question of poverty," | auction which they (the capitalists) <to snow that because the great capltal.
but (like all reformers) they shrink .owned, returning to the workers just|,BtB survlve and flourlsh| they are,
from considering the question further, sufficient to keep them fit to go on ,herefore, the "flower" of the race."
The awful sufferings of those strick-1producing, and appropriating the dif-|A definition from one of the leading
en by "the white scourge" is beyond
description here. Seventy thousand
persons die annually from it in the
United Kingdom, but myriads linger
on, bravely struggling to win sustenance for their dependents.   A few
ference between the wages paid and
biologists   of  the nineteenth   century
the value created.
The economic foces in society have
developed  to  such  an    extent    that
thousands of workers co-operate in a
factory,  where  the  use  of the  most, j|0]1  0f eB,Ch
may be "fortunate" enough to be sentjmodern appliances and^methods result |wh|cn ls the selection, that is to say
the  survival,   of  those  forms   which
will be useful here. "In the living
world one of the most characteristic
features of this cosmic process is the
struggle for existence in the compeli-
with all, the result of
to  a sanatorium,  and  after    a    few ;ln a vast mass of wealth being produc-
months treatment are returned to thejed by a tithe of the men previously
factory hells and slums, flung once
more into the relentless grip of their
foul foe. Many of the best of the
race devote years to tending the afflicted, but these votaries of medical
science are blind to the necessity of
acting in line with the logic of
science; that is, to abolish the miserable conditions of the worker's lives,
which are such a fertile source of
disease.
Prostitution of Science.
That science is prostituted to the
'"service of the capitalist class was made
plain at the recent Food and Drugs
Exhibition at Caxton Hall. The display showed how the ingenuity of
the chemist was used to adulterate
the food of the workers in order to
increase the profit of the manufacturers. Bread, coffee, milk, jam, etc.,
are so faked as to be detrimental to
health. In the large factories (Pack-
ingtown is a flagrant instance) chemists are employed to give a false
appearance to rubbish in order to
make it saleable, regardless of the
Injury It inflicts upon the tollers. A
recent case of poisoning demonstrated
that the cheap boots which the workers are only able to afford, are dangerous owing to the chromic acid used in
preparing the "leather." All along the
line the same thing occurs. Reflect
upon the fact that medical science is
called upon to treat those people who
suffer from the use of science in industry by the capitalist class. Science
used by the possessing class ls uniform in its effects upon the working
class. Inventions and discoveries are
pressed into the service of the profit-
hunters and are used to increase their
profits by saving wages, with the consequence that able-bodied men are
flung into the street to starve. The
undeveloped bodies of the children—
the potential parents of the race—
are brought into the factory and workshop to operate the machines. When,
as an inevitable outcome, physical
deterioration sets in, the "healing art"
once again comes on the scene to
patch up the effects of the ever-potent
cause!
The   application  of  science   to   in-
required. The private ownership of
these great productive powers causes
each individual owner to try and sell
to an ever larger number of buyers,
with the outcome that at frequent
periods a large number of toilers are
thrown out of work, the goods they
have made being unsold. The machinery of industry is brought to a standstill during these "economic crises;"
those capitalists unable to tide over
the period of stagnation "go under,"
and thus the field is left to the larger
concerns. These periods of industrial
anarchy are becoming longer and
more frequent, and if the development
of society is to proceed, the ownership
of these productive forces must pass
from the few individuals to the whole
of society; the method of ownership
must be brought into line with the
co-operative character of industry—
Socialism must be established.
Many leading anti-Socialists have
borne testimony to the truth of Marx's
teaching. • Mr. W. H. Mallock says
("Nineteenth Century Review," March
1909): "His survey of economic history broadly corresponds so far as it,
goes with facts, and must be accepted
as forming one of the most important
contributions to economic thought in
the course of the 19th century."
Professor Flint, of Edinburgh University, whose work "Socialism" the anti-
Socialists describe as the "best book
written against Socialism," says:
"Where alone he (Marx) did memorable service was ln his analysis and
interpretation of the capitalist era,
and there he must be admitted to have
rendered eminent service."
Many opponents of Socialism pose
as being scientific, and urge that
Socialism is contrary to Darwinian
teaching. They say that the struggle
for existence between individuals and
the survival of the fittest—through
natural selection—is a permanent feat-
are best adapted to the conditions
which at any period^btain and which
are In that respect and only In that
respect the fittest." (Huxley, "Evolution and Ethics" p. 4).
Under capitalism those who rule are
not the best intellects, the "men of
ability," or those possessing qualities
fraught with the greatest happiness
for the many, but it is the favored few
who* by inheritance, spoliation and
fraud, come into possession of the
means essential for producing the
necessaries of life. Herbert Spencer
himself waa often financially embarrassed when desiring lo issue the products of his facile pen. Compare him
with a linen draper, Mr. Ch. Morgan,
who last year left a fortune of over
13 millions! Grant Allen, whose remarkable works drew praise from
Herbert Spencer, embodied over
twenty years patient study and investigation in "Plant Life," "Physiological Aesthetics," "Evolution of the
Idea of God," "The Hand of God," and
other works, yet this cultured author
had a bitter struggle to provide for
himself and wife. The pitiful story
of how he had to turn to and write
novels such as "The Typewriter Girl,"
In order to "keep the wolf from the
are so sunk in ignorance, with intelligence blunted and minds cramped, the
every-day question of getting bread
and butter filling their whole horizon
and engaging all their time. Taking
door" in after years is an illulninatlug an interest in the study of the sciences,
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic syBtem Is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tho wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property In the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until tbe present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, tbe Socialist Party is for it; if lt will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
example of the "reward" of ability
under capitalism. As Allen himself
well said (in a revjfw article upon
"Socialism and Natural Inequality"),
"Look at the lives of our truly great
men—our thinkers, our organizers, our
men of science, our discoverers, our
poets, our men of letters, our artists.
Is it not a commonplace that the
majority of these have had to pass
through a period of early struggle, that
crippled some of them, soured not a
few, drove mad or disheartened or
permanently weakened many? Is it
not a well-known fact that numbers
of them died poor or starving or gave
more so by the diffusion of certain!
Ideas. The effect of these is to render!
the subjugated acquiescent In theirl
own despoilment, and even make tbem J
praise and fight for the very system]
tbat enslaves them.
The   capitalist   class,   like   the  old I
they   can   then   help   to  extend   the
boundaries of human knowledge and. —   ,-_
Increase the harvest In fields where | tltl.ed. n0DlIlty' "** Ilke aristocracies
the labourers have been all too few.
Science  is   to-day  cultivated  by  but
a   minority,   but   Socialism   provides
the means of leisure for all to take
part  in  the  work  of wresting  from
nature secrets of infinite significance
for human welfare.
Many sciences to-day are in their
infancy and provinces such as psychology and "the problem of heredity"
are really virgin fields awaiting cultivation still.    Even one of the leading
and   kingcraft  of  all  times,    has    a
large hold on the reverence with which
people have been taught to look up tn
it.   Not   without   deep   reason   hare
swarms of retainers,    including    tbe
clergy,   writers,   editors  and   college!
professors,  continually eulogized  thel
great  capitalists.    The  masses  have!
been told that the capitalists are in I
dispensable,  and   that  without  thenr.1
the whole structure of society would
go down  in chaos.    And particularly'
----- " ,'I   ,'T'have the lords of our resources been
opponents, Dr. Schaffle, says of Social-  .
1'      ". ..    ' il4      .   epresented as extraordinarily able men
sm:  "The very fabulous quantity of    * •     .     - J
,.   , .. .  ..„ whose colossal fortunes have been the
leisure would  favor  the rise  of the I y ■
more industrious as well as the mo e const,.uctlve  genlu8.
highly   endowed   individuals   both   in I ^^b^bj^^^mi^bi
,-----      .  [science and art. even if they were all i    Investigation    completely    shatters!
upon  the  facts   of  life  Is,  however, anaesthetic, some scientific instrument, |  ...        a**-------H<...
clear.    When man lived almost in a |some
ure of human existence.   These people up tne Juggle in disgust, or lived on
falsely    interpret    Darwin's    famous mere wrecks- or took to 8ulclde?
theory In order to combat Socialism.        "The worker who invents some valu-1
That the Socialist position ls based able surgical  appliance,    some    new
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ optical improvement, usually
"state of nature" and the power of !makes next to nothing, sometimes
obtaining food, etc., was consequently looses even his all in the attempt to
iliistry to-day enables the masters to .limited, the struggle for existence was perfect or bring out his discovery."
sneed  un the tollers with the result .fierce.   Frequently man fought against
that last year, for Instance, the casual- man for sustenance.    But experience
Socialism,   a  system in  which   the
obliged to spend 3 hours daily in ^his myth. The capitalist class, it IS
manual labor. Taste, natural gifts ^rue, has had its distinct place in thel
and love of art would still remain transitions of modern society. But ftel
unalterably various." ("Impossibility career has been one of unvaried fraud]
of Social Democracy." p. 161-2). and  robbery;   this  can  be  conserva
It Is hoped that the necessity has tively stated as an absolute postulate.!
ties In the British factories numbered , taught men that by'co-operation they I™e(**ns °' u^oduo,nB the requirements .been   nlade   pIaln   for  organ|zjng   t0 A*- 0f the great fortunes are the pro-
over 328.000.    Here    agoln    surgical ! could better protect themselves against |     "e    ° ., °h ??!,!    ,   ,   ™m"*°n .speedily end  this  system  and  to In- ducts of a continuous chain of frauds
nnd wonted in tne interest nr nil. nfrnret ■_.,,..,_   r, ,_,,        m,._.   «__,_...        ..     .   ,.    ..
science is ever busy tending tho maim-1 hostile forces and increase their power
| and worked In the Interest of all, offers 'stltute Socialism
That Socialism  is and thefts, as estimated even by th«|
ed and wounded, who, upon recovery,
are compelled to go back to the deathtraps and capitalism.
The question now arises, if science
Is applied to the "social problem,"
what Bystem of soclqty does lt point
to, as the solution? Let us turn to
social science for the answer.
Herbirt Spencer showed that this
system of society, like every other
manifestation of life, has evolved to
Its present stage. That great thinker
refused, however, to follow the logic
.en of science do not adopt scientific h)g Qwn teacnIng| and the sorry
:ethods when dealing with social' spectacle was wltnessed of the talent-
lestlons-perhaps because they know|e(J 8utnor Q, ..gyntnetlc Philosophy"
\at it would menace the interests of|8toop|ng to wrlte such poor Btuff as
"Man  versus  the  State"  and  "Facts
and Comments,"    in    which    he    de-
of getting the means of life.   That co-|"8,tne Pr08-*ect <" extending our con- poBBlbIe  wa8   a(lmltted  by  the  arch. ,aw8 and 8tandardg of the,r own d^
operation had played a large part ln I"" °Ver, "atUra' f0,rCes and aS,S"rlnB Individualist   Herbert.  Spencer,    who.jlw every  Instance,  without a  .liglel
social progress in admitted by leading! .f,00.,       I>'e***"*res of I fei to writing to his old  French colleague, [exception, the authentic facts ama-Jyl
biologists.   Haeckel in "The Wonders T ln ret"rn for a mlnlraum of »■*»- M,  G.  Davenay,  in   Oct.  1905,  said: |nrove this.    And also-speaking In a
of Life"  (page 139)  states that ..the |" Presents us with the great Incentive ..Socla„sm wllI ,nevltabIy trlumph ,n broad  8ense_there does not exl|t, /
association of Individuals Is a  great 0t °"r8°!VefS belDg *"* ***? ™i0yr  the iBDlte °f a» opposition."                          fortune, large or small, but what some|
advantage  In  the  struggle  for  exis- !"eal* tnat we crea'e' "fead °\ see" Ye». Socialism Is Inevitable-It the \element of fraud, deceit or imposition
tTnc7''°Huxiev"(Evolu^onanirmhrcs ilDg ldlerS conBume the ,rults of our 'workers organize  and  fight  for  II-
tence.     Huxley (avoiut on and istnics , Socialism the struggle for aB they will
p. 33) points out that "every forward I x(gtenM „,„ „ave cea8ed ^       M -»> they will,
step  of  social  progress  brings   men' )n ^ ^ referred fc
Into closer relation with their fellows | „when ^ ^^ procesg ^
■he ruling class,
Reform is Fatuous.
View the "social problem" sclenti-
' -ally and we see that lt Is useless to
i >ntlnually attempt to end the evils
mt exist by merely palliating tbe
i fects ceaselessly produced by the
i  stem of society itself.   The revolu-
inary policy of the Socialist is, then,
la strict accord with the message of
> ience because, seeing that the awful
fended private property in the means
of producing wealth, and sought to
show that this institution must remain
ln the future. Though Spencer proved
that society has developed to its present position from lower forms, he did
not inquire into the laws of social
change. That was done by Karl Marx
and Frederick Engels.
A. KOHN, in the Socialist Standard.
and Increases the Importance of the
pleasures and pains derived from
sympathy;" Professor J. Afrthur^
Thompson, a prominent scientist of
to-day, says ("The Science of Life,"
p. 196): "But even when the phrase
(struggle  for   existence)   ls  literally I
advanced so far as to secure every
member of the society in the possession of the means of existence, the
tetruggle for existence between man and
i man in that society ls at an end."
Instead of "a mere squabble round
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Sg**9C3€£3
lot Amaru
Union-made Cigars.
, IlllJ ffftlltlrt l«««iO-..«»«<«,u*.l.s».-— aM.h.rs*Dc"W»***J
i   l*«-al»ll<6cM^a^iB'il^Dll^TKla^.l<w«■J«tl,u-Mlajl>a^-rtl^<NI^^^J.^
■^sM.lthWMWlBW^muawmLtAKOIMOwr.   IMnnnaassa-
-Ism Cum Is m mom Usiajkas as mt.
am lamnslM ISMrfbsiy-sal na-fcslilaa
Q.WmjtuUt.Hetckot.
, ritrif.i
'as mm
-Which Stand* for a. Li-Tin-** Watfe
Vancouver Local  367.
666
appropriate, we must remember the
altruistic colouring of many facts of
life, attraction between mates, reproduction, sacrifice, parental and filial
affection, the kindliness of kindred,
gregarious sociality and mutual aid."
The control of humanity over nature
now enables us to produce wealth
sufficient to assume comfort, and even
luxury for all. Therefore the real
necessity of a struggle for existence
the platter," the spirit of rivalry in
the intellectual arena, the possibilities of self development then afforded,
will result in an intelligent and informed population able to appreciate
the beauties of literature, science and
the arts, thus giving to the best minds
In society the knowledge that their
work can be understood and valued at
its worth. How different to the present, when the majority of the people
DI8SIPATING   A   MYTH.
By Oustavus Myers,
Author of The History of the Great
American Fortunes.
Rulliai classes    Invariably   impose
their mastery not merely by armed
force,  through  government,   but  far
does not enter into it; the retailer,]
selling by light weight or short weight]
fraud, or by conscious false represeo-1
tation, differs from the big magnates]
in degree only.
When the people are prepared tb'
assume control of all of the resources
of the oountry, they wlll be taking j
back only what has been stolen from,
them.—Progressive Journal of Educa- j
tlon.
Propagar*^ Meeting
Empress Theatre.
Sunday October 30
E. T. KINGSLEY
""niwiiiiLrfTr*"-''-"   ■    i  » ■'*" ■■ -  -  -
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
qii you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
Installing tbe gac pipes,
Vancouver Cas Company., Limited.

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