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Western Clarion Jul 24, 1909

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Array thib it  r «"»
KUMBiiR   00 / a
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, July 24, 1909.
subscription Price  «i am
fu im     el.UU
REVISIONISM IN
NEED OF REVISION
Suggested That Those Who Would Criticise the "Exotics of
Marx" Might Do Well to Begin by Studying His Doctrines.
Revisionism is with us once again.
No matter how often it Is refuted,
and quietly laid to rest, nor how
thoroughly, it returns to us from unexpected places and confounds us with
Us vigor, l.ilte Banquo's ghost, it will
not down. It is twelve years since
Edward Bernstein, friend and co-worker of Marx and Engels and editor of
the Social Democrat during the Bls-
mark exception laws, published his
famous "Socialist Problems'' In the
Neue Zelt; two years later he published a book which caused considerable excitement in the world of Marxism. This book is now published in
English by the I, I.. ?, under the title
of "Evolutionary Socialism." The
book itself does not concern the writer of this article so much as a review
he has read upon It.
"Rob Roy," writing in the "Forward," n Scottish Socialist sheet, comments favorably on the book in an
editorial wllh the caption of "En Passant," which in terms of chess would
Indicate that he is In a position which,
while perfectly regular, he only holds
by suffrance. To my mind, therefore,
the caption is not the most Inappropriate part of the editorial. It Is wllh
Rob Roy I wish to deal, leaving Bern-
stelnlsm to take care of Itself for the
present.
However, the thought presents Itself at this juncture that before tackling revisionist literature it would not
And that they 'had nothing to lose but
their chains'. How does that present
ment of the case correspond with the
facts of today. ". . . Have not time
and the force of events even within a
capitalist society transformed the proletarian of 1847 into a citizen, with
civic rights and duties which entirely
alteV- Ihe situation?    . As a
citizen he shares in the ownership of,
and responsibility for, whatever national nnd municipal service or prop-
e.ty he has seen fit to insist on—and
his voice at the polls is overwhelming.
Not only is he a part owner of his
tramway, gas and water supplies, and
employer of the labor engaged therein, but he has provision made for old
age, and. the moment his political
sense Is quickened enough, he mas-
have further provision against sickness, Infirmity and unemployment."
It Is extremely difficult to believe
that such stuff comes from the editorial columns of a Socialist paper. The
fact that twelve millions of these
bloated employers of labor are classed
as paupers does not appeal to this Revisionist. Nor that 2,000 of these
joint owners of tramways, etc., in London, sleep nightly In the streets, and
many thousands more have to depend
upon charity for a covering for their
head. I wonder if "Rob Roy" ever enquired into the reason why men in
cities   which   have   municipal   every-
be a bad idea for Rob Roy and otherB thing come out here and relinquish all
to read a little of the original. With !their (?) part ownership for a job
R.  J.  Campbell  declaring Teddy  the on a fruit farm at $30 per month and
learned revisionist asked where the
political party would be which dared
to treat the capital invested in a cooperative store or in a friendly society in the same manner as the property of a ground lord or a monopolist
millionaire. "Where would it deserve to be?" he further queries. I
might answer, if permitted, in the
laconic logic of Judge Taft, "God
knows!" But I do know where "Rob
Roy" ought to be. He ought to be
sitting in a quiet room beside a midnight lamp with a copy of the Communist Manifesto in his fist.     •
It is difficult enough to make the
farmer of this country understand that
his property, which Is his, merely
blinds him to the fact that he is a
slave, but when a Socialist paper attempts to blind the most poverty
stricken bunch of slaves on earth to
their slavery, by ths silly subterfuge
of pointing out their nominal ownership of city property, it's time the poor
Scotchman or somebody else "was
turned loose with a meat axe" or a
gattling gun.
"Rob" treats us In closing to a long
sermon as to what the Revolutionary
Socialist should do. He should, In
short, vote for the most reactionary
candidate in order that the ills which
afflict may be increased, thereby hastening the downfall of capitalism.
"Rob" Is, of course, pleased to be sarcastic, but candidly, it appears to me
that the wag%workers of Britain might
do worse. They might, for instance,
vote for "Rob Roy."
J. H.
AN   APPEAL   TO    TORONTO
RADES.
COM-
THE  PRAYER  OF A  DOG-FISH.
Fat "a very good worker" and promising him a raise in salary or Informing his congregation that his Socialism does not mean bloodshed as does
Marxism. With Kier-Hardie telling
the House of Commons that "Social-
Ism meant by putting a tax on surplus
wealth and thereby relieving the poverty of the poor," or Blatchford shouting for Dreadnoughts and telling us
that under Socialism "wages will be
paid," and Suthers raising his eyebrows and mildly Inquiring, "What ls
class-consciousness?" and a thousand
and one other instances ot ineptitude,
one is tempted to say the publication
ot "Socialism, Utopian' and' Scientific"
and its judicious distribution would be
In order. For from the general tone
ot the leading British Socialist papers,
one thing is evident: that It anything
needs revising and bringing up to-date,
It certainly ls not Marxism. No one
possessed of common sense would attempt to enlighten the Zulus to the
fact that La Marck was a back number. And equally superfluous ls it to
tell people who never read Marx that
he Is behind the times.
But to get back to Rob Roy; he tells
us that Bernstein saw In England,
"The strict Marxian doctrines applied
by one school ot Socialists with ability and persistence only to meet with
prolonged failure; whereas a typically
British school of Socialist thought and
action was steadily building Itself up
and achieving success. Moreover
Time, the destroyer and creator, was
undermining the foundations of the
Marxian superstructure." Seeing that
Time was at work bo low as the "foundations of the superstructure" almost
twenty years since (Bernstein went
to London in 1888), can Rob Roy tell
us why the entire edifice of Marxism
has not toppled over long ago? Or
-would be enlighten us to to who the
persistent and 'able strict Marxists in
England of twenty years ago were,
and who the typical British Socialist
schoolmen. I presume' the latter are
the Individuals aforementioned, whose
disciples talk glibly;, of the "exotics ot
Marx," and the "exploded theories of
Marx," etc.
Here is another gem front this revised Marxist: "Writing in 1847, Marx
and Engels told the working class that
'they had no fatherland.' Has not the
Idea been put! In song and set In music?
board. It would be most Interesting
to know. It would further appease my
curiosity to know when a proletarian
ceases to he a proletarian and becomes
a citizen, and what constitutes the
line of demarkation. Also if it be the
object of revisionism to simply make
"provision against sickness, Infirmity
and unemployment," when the worker
gets his "political sense quickened
enough." Apparently so, for Bernstein himself' quotes that Social Democracy "should make up its mlndyto
appear what it really Is today—a democratic Socialistic party of reform."
Let us have some more of "Rob
Roy." ''If a Socialist or any other
party were today to condemn all private property as an evil, and to treat
It as such without discrimination, that
party would receive a rude awakening. . . The trade unions, the
co-operative, the friendly and the building societies, to Bay nothing of our
municipal holdings, do own property,
on the basis of which a large and most
Important section ot the working
classes has built up for Itself by laborious effort a certain standard of comfort and security." . . . Yea, In
good Booth, the Socialism prevalent
over there, If this be a sample, is In
need of revision. "Were to condemn"
ls excellent, and "all private property"
Is super-excellent. Seeing that Marxism does not "condemn any property,
and continually emphasizes that capitalist property is the point around
which wages the class struggle, and
that the change in ownership of capitalist property ls the object of that
struggle. And lt makes absolutely no
difference whose hands that property
ls ln; Its very structure makes for Its
overthrow. The slaves who operate It
produce more than they can consume;
the surplus cannot be consumed by
the owner; lt must be invested, and Is
invested, in labor-saving machinery,
which brings more surplus; and so on,
causing panics, unemployed riots,
strikes, etc. And some fine morning
during some > of these disturbances
something will happen. There will be
more people wanting food than there
will be'to defend the stored up food,
and what then! Why, they will simply gd away and die like good citizens,
who are part owners in a tramline
and.have a ten pound share In a cooperative   store.    That's   What   bur
Ravenous, loathed, black, abhorred,
Rogue of the sea am I;
Dwarfishly droll, a pigmy lord,
Greedily glutting fry.
Skulking, craven, abject brute,
Weakness my only sin;
Could I but strongly rape and loot,
Jovial, with pirate grin;
Loud were the lauds, to prowess stark
Captain of Finance,—I
May God make me a monster shark,
Swallowing men,—not fry.
R. R.
Toronto Local is carrying on active
open-air meetings. We kre not making the speakers this summer for the
box as we did last year, and It's up
to the comrades to exert themselves a
little and fit themselves for the box
It is no excuse to say, "I'll never make
a soap-boxer," for all the speakers in
Toronto and no doubt elsewhere were
of the same-opinion, but they realized
that their only hope lay In arousing
their fellow-workers from their sleep
and telling them In their best possible
way the message of salvation, The
message may not be told In eloquent
language, but remember, the workers'
education has not come through a college, but through the brutal and bitter struggle for existence.
When the first speaker of the evening begins (and It's usually a new
starter) the members of the party
should do their utmost to be present
and encourage him, as any one who
takes the soap box knows only too
well what It is like talking to a practically empty street Some of the
comrades can always be present when
such speakers as Comrade Lewis is
here, and then they seem to disappear from propaganda meetings until
another orator comes along. It Is
time such comrades realize lt is their
battle for freedom as well as the rest
and get a move on. The members of
the class are coming on fine under the
chairmanship of Comrade Green in
the absence of Comrade Gribble. The
open-air meetings are well attended
by the workers and good collections
taken.
Despite the buncombe in the capitalist press about good terms, many
of the workers are enjoying "capitalist prosperity" in the neck hunting for
a slave-owner as one can easily see
by the hundreds around the Telegram
office eagerly waiting for a paper and
knocking each other over in order to
get it first, then madly jumping on the
car or bicycle and those without a
nickel tramp aft^r the job, only
to return the next day for the paper
again to look for an opportunity to
sell their labor-power—such is "capitalist prosperity."   ALEX. LYON,
PRACTICAL POLITICS
AND ITS RESULT
The Record of the Party in Chicago Demonstrates the Futility of Vote-Catching and Ineptitude of Intellectual
Leadership. *
The    Socialist^ movement    in the class    supporters   of the Democratic
THE DIGNITY OF LABOR
How fond the contented wage-worker ls of talking about the dignity of
labor. On Labor Day, see bow they
parade and march in glorious, dignified procession on that day ot all days.
With banners flying and ribbons flowing, they march as one man. Yes, on
that day they are united. But, sad to
relate, the other three hundred and
sixty-four days ln the year they are
very much divided, their dignity gone
and unity also. See these dignified
workers, aroused from their nervous
sleep by the alarm clock, snatch a
bite of cheap coarse food, ride down
like cattle, herded together in a trolley car, to the workshops where they
get almost roasted before glaring furnaces, or with bent backs and limbs
aching they lean over the anvil. Others you see tending giant machines.
The whir and crash of these Iron monsters almost drive their slaves Insane
Slaves; yes, slaves; for man Is tin-
sluve of the machine today; for he Is
merely a complementary part of the
mechanism, the brutalized part of the
machine. Dignity of labor! Yet sen
how they twitch and jump, alert when
the boss Is around. Are you truly free,
liberty-loving men when you jump
with fear at sight of the master? Is
that dignity? And watch how fast
they work to keep pace with each
other, each trying to turn out more
than the other. There in the shops
they toil with tired limbs and feet,
eyes aching, strength ebbing. They
eye one another with distrust. And
these are they who talk of the dignity
of labor, who carry their banners, who
wear their ribbons on Labor Day.
You workingmen, will you never
wake from your age-long sleep? Will
you never break those chains that
bind you? Workers, you produce the
wealth of the world and you keep at
it; always producing, never enjoying.
Your lives are one of awful monotony.
Work, tired limbs, stable. All the
week, all the year, and all your lives,
you. clothe, feed and shelter the Idlers.
You create the luxury and splendor for
them to enjoy while you are slaving
your life's blood away In the mine.
mill and factory. These good-natured,
idle owners of the means of production are having a good time at your
expense, laying under leafy trees this
hot weather, feeding and enjoying the
best you produce, cruising in your
fine steam- yachts around the coast,
touring with dainty dolls in the automobile, riding in a Pullman or a first-
class cabin. They who own you workers as part of the machine, spend
their time seeing the beauty of lite.
The only time that there will be
dignity of labor will be when you abolish classes and establish one conmmon
working mass who will produce for
all, and all will produce for each.
You will build houses and inhabit
them, and you will plant and reap the
fruit for yourselves. You shall no
longer build and go shelterless; you
will neither plant and another eat
while you go hungry.
So, workingmen, I appeal to you to
read and study the literature on Socialism, for In Socialism lies your only
hope. Socialism holds aloft the torch
of Reason, 11, lltlhg up the path that
leads to freedom and democracy for
you who toll, for you who suffer, for
you who are bound in slavery. It you
who are slaves would be free, then It's
you who must strike the blow for
emancipation; you who must throw
off those shackles. Get wise to the
game yourself where your boss ls always a winner. Put an end to this
gamble on human life.
Tell your fellow worker what is the
matter, in the shop and In the mine.
Bring them along. Give them a hand.
Tell them to march to the polls on
election day as they march as one man
on Labor Day. Refuse to be bribed
with dolIarB, cigars and automobile
rides, and Bhow' this corrupt tyrrant
class of parasites that there will be
dignity In labor ln the future, when
you who make automobiles will own
them, you who make cigars will be enabled to smoke them, you who produce
the dollars' will possess them, in the
days of hapfriress to come.
WILL R. HIBBERD.
United States furnishes ample evidence of how thoroughly well-intentioned persons may work evil and the
extent to which misdirected energy
spreads its baneful influence. The
confusion that exists in the ranks of
the Socialist Party membership betrays the multi-sided nature of the
propaganda. Evidently there has been
a display of Intellectual wares that afforded the opportunity to select anything that appealed to one's particular
fancy. Ties were thus established that
were easily loosened and the fluctuating vote Is proof positive of this.
The main idea that has dominated the
Socialists over here seems to have
been that in catering to capitalistically
fostered "demands" and rolling up
"respectable" votes on occasion, they
were making great headway. "The
voting support that increases more
than twofold every four years is a political force to be reckoned with" was
the proud comment of the Socialist,
and then came 1908 and—disillusionment. The anticipated increase did
not materalize and the confident ones
were busy making "explanations."
But to very few, even of themselves,
were these explanations satisfactory.
The more candid and intelligent
among them frankly admit lhat the
Gompers endorsation of Bryan ami the
presence of the Hearst ticket hampered their efforts and wen many of the
votes on which they had reckoned,
and while this staggered the bulk of
the rank and file and made them temporarily despondent, they were cheered on to new efforts and began to energetically prepare themselves for a
repetition of the dose. But there was
an element in the party to which the
results of the '08 presidential election
was not any great surprise, who had
consistently protested against the
policy of the party and the nature of
the propaganda. While heretofore
they were howled down as "lmposslbil-
ists" they now command a hearing and
tbe soundness of their contention is
winning converts.
Their progress ls very marked here
tn Chicago, in fact they are rapidly
assuming command of the proletarian,
forces and while ln New York they
have not been successful to the same
extent, they are noticeably gaining
ground. While I am loth to mention
any person in this communication, the
re-election of Solomon as the New
York secretary Is a distinct triumph
for the revolutionary forces.
Failure to preserve the proletarian
character of the movement ls responsible for the bitterness with which the
rival factions, for there are rival factions, regard each other. They are
now lining up their forces for a battle ln which there will be no quarter
and over which there should be no
regret. It is a phase of developement
through which the Canadian movement has passed and out of which lt
emerged with a definite aim and the
renewed strength that entitles lt to
such commendation as Com. A. M.
Simons voiced to your correspondent.
"You have a very virile movement in
Canada. 1 like your way of doing
things over there." Let us hope that
the outcome over here will be just as
satisfactory and I feel confident that
it will. The old cry of "anything for
harmony" will not successfully placate
the dissatisfied ones, and ln Its stead
will be adopted, "the truth, at any cost
the truth," a safer and saner even If
not so atractlve a motto.
The city vote, or, what amounts to
the same thing, Cook County vote, wan
in the spring of 1904 about 8,000, ln
tbe fall of that year Debs polled 47,000
votes. This phenomenal Increase was
undoubtedly due to the unwillingness
of the disgruntled Democratic element
to support Parker or vote for Roosevelt, and Debs was an attractive personality especially   to   tbe   working
party. In 1905 Com. Collins, on a very
"broad" platform, succeeded in retaining 23,000 of Debs' supporters. In the
candidacy of Com. Geo. Koop the 23,-
000 was reduced to about 13,700, although no device calculated to snare
votes was neglected and strenuous efforts were made to deliver them. In
1909 the vote for city treasurer was
about 15,300, and It may be safely
taken as the normal voting strength ot
the #arty and a tribute to the more
correct propaganda that the assertlve-
ness of the proletariat Is responsible
for. The membership has increased
from about 1,200 to 2,500 dues-paying
members with about 800 or 1,000 who
pay up intermittently. This has been,
brought, about in a little over a year,
and is for the greater part ot the wage-
earning class.
It Is being found out that the way
to secure Socialist votes' Is to make
Socialists. Education is the mission
of the Party just now and those who
undertake the task of instructing the
workers must be themselves acquainted with the position of the working
class in our present society, the cause
of their economic helplessness, the nature of the robbery of which they are
Ihe victims, and make the Issue clear
that as long as the capitalist system
remains, just so long will the workers
suffer the miseries that are inherent
in It for them." This was the opinion expressed by a local Socialist with
whose work Canadian comrades are
not unacquainted.
"Then you mean," I suggested, "that,
we must confine ourselves to: the task
of analyzing capitalism, showing the
workers the process of exploitation,
and letting them, within the range of
our influence, never lose sight' of the
fact that Ihe prlvateownership of the
means by which they; must live is responsible for the grievances they are
compelled to bear. In one word, abolition of the system is the only propaganda worth a snap. Has not thl*
been the tenor of the propaganda?"
I questioned.
"In a way, yes,"-was tbe hesitant reply. "We preached the class strugglz,
that ls, we- made use of the. term,' bt't
we, as a, general thing, immediately
proceeded to wipe out the class lines
and taught a doctrine that made almost meaningless the term employer
and employee. We bave been prone to
divide the people Into buyers and sellers, a doctrine that prevents effectively th>- segregation of the workers into
a separate organization with needs
apurt from und opposed to any other
cIhhs ln human society; Instead it reduces them to a heterogeneous combination endeavoring to reflect the
divers views of conflicting elements,
and with ns much difficulty as a
Chameleon on a Scotch plaid trying to
make good."    (He busted.)
"Why did you fellows stand for such
propaganda when you did not believe
In Ii?"
We protested against, lt for all we
were worth and for a long time without avail. Eventually we got our inning and while it is uphill work, we
are proceeding satisfactorily. The
movement has been largely sentimental and idealists have controlled lt. In:
deed, you might divide us into leaders and hero-worshippers. Socialism
was a kind of religion and had its
devotees who- were not disposed to
criticize any statements of tbe mouthpieces of the Party1, as uncomplaining
and unsophisticated a lot aa ever
hustled in an 'army,' rustled for a
boosters' club' or Invested ln mitred
mining stock. Any attempt on the
part of our contingent to challenge
statements we considered erroneous,
served but to 'brand as malcontents
whose only desire was to disturb the
harmony (?)-that was mistaken for
strength.    Capitalist   parties had no
(Continued on page three.) TWO
THE  WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Ihe Mra Clarion
Published    avary    Saturday    by    th*
■odaliat Party of Canada, at th* Offlce
tt tha Weatern Clarion, Flack Block
Sannnent, 1S6 Hastings Street, Vancou-
•n, B e.
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538
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
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nest issue.
SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1909.
THE   LITTLE   BUSINESS   MAN.
The lot of the little business man.
like that of Gilbert & Sullivan's policeman, Is not a happy one, and he
<s by no means well-beloved. The
consumer looks on him as his natural
enemy, one who pilfers his purse and
trots his stomach by charging too
much for his victuals and clothes.
Which, like most of the consumer's
ideas, is baseless error. Mostly the
small trader is regarded as a captial-
Jjst, which is almost slanderous, and
also he so regards himself, which is
ludicrous. Were he paid a salary
aqual to the income he derives from
"•his" business, he would immediately
appear in his true role as a slave and
not a pampered one at that. But as
it is he ls a sort of hermaphrodite, a
slave in the guise of a master.
The production of a commodity befog Incomplete till it reaches the consumer, here, over the counter of the
jetailer It receives its final touches.
So the little retailer figures ln as
merely one of the vast number of
cogs in the Capitalists' machinery of
wealth production.
It fs curious to note that at the two
ends of the process of production of
aaost foodstuffs and of many other commodities, we find two groups of individuals in very similar clrcum
stances, the small farmer at one end
and the small retailer at the other.
The farmer passes the articles he
■reduces Into the hands of great capital and from those bands the retailer
receives them. Like the farmer, the
retailer not only works himself but
has often his wife and children help-
jog him. Like the farmer he hires
Help to a certain extent, exploits his
employees, and passes up the proceeds of exploitation to the master
class. Like the farmer, his apparent
ownership in his business is the whip
thst drives him to greater exertions,
that fs, makes him a more efficient,
productive and easily exploited slave,
Ihan he would be on a purely wage
•asfs.
Herein lies the secret of the persistence of small businesses, as of
email farms, in the face of the constant tendency towards concentration.
The small business man, laboring under the delusion that the business Is
Bis, will rustle up trade, worry1 and
scheme more, and do it for less, than
Be would as a salaried manager. Furthermore he will also furnish a part
of the capital necessary for his own
exploitation, which adds not. a little
to the convenience of his masters, besides adding greatly to the humor of
ihe situation. Starting with a few
hundred or a few thousand dollars, as
the case may be, he procures credit
to several times that amount and imagines lhat ha Is doing business on the
Borrowed capital of the kind -hearted
-wholesaler and the obliging bank,
whereas fn reality he has lent them
Bis pile to help them exploit him.
Once launched upon his giddy career
as an independent business man, no
Urate that ever sailed the main could
■natch him in the unscrupulousness
and eonscienceleBsnesB of his methods.
He will skin his girls down to a prostitution-compelling wage and whittle
•is male clerks to a soup bone. He
•rill Joyously cut his competitor's
throat and take the last cent off the
widow and orphan, thanking his gods
the while for his success in collecting
a. And then his payments, his Inter-
set and the necessity for expansion
■will force him to pass up to his mag-
tor* the proceeds of his nefarious
trade, and lucky indeed is he If he
jatains sufficient to support that superior dame, his wife, in the manner to which she apes to become ac-
eastoniod.
Truly a caricature of a capitalist Is
ae. Petty in his transactions; petty in
Bsht ideas; petty in his outlook; petty
So his virtues; petty In his very vices.
Often a pillar of his church or chapel,
Us deeds must keep the recording
aagel's department working overtime.
Cenerally a member of "fraternal" so-
ejfeties, fraternity In his relations with
his fellows would be ejuivalent to financial suicide.
Arrogating to himself a superior social status to the wage slave, he fawns
servilely upon his "betters" and seeks
to imitate, in the manner of all true
toadies, their manner of living, of
dress, and even of speech. Frequently he robs his belly to decorate his
hack and in a forced straining after
culture exposes his Ignorance.
Of all the victims of capitalism surely he is the most to be pitied and despised. The proletariat, hard-driven
and sweated, stands at least upon the
threshold of a better day. For the
small trader the sun is setting, and
the prospect becoming ever gloomier.
The huge departmental stores and
mall order businesses are cutting the
ground from under his feet even in
more remote localities, and his quondam victim the consumer is developing a happy knack of running his
credit with the local merchant and
sending his cash to Timothy Eaton or
elsewhere. His commercial ability
promises soon to have a new oportuni-
ty for Its exercise, ln the sale of his
labor-power, cheek by jowl with the
proletarian he despises.
And this consummation is to be
greatly to our advantage, fellow
slaves, we are told. These petty
bourgeois, forced into our ranks, are
to furnish the revolutionary proletariat with brains!   Ye gods forfend!
SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1909.
THE CLASS STRUGGLE.
In many quarters the notion yet prevails that the struggle over wages and
hours is a part of the class struggle.
The matter Is of this much Importance that, if the above contention be
true the dualist conception of a Socialist movement with an "economic"
and a political arm is correct. Hence
it may be worth while to again look
into the question.
It is one of the essential features
of capitalism that the distribution of
commodities is a matter of purchase
and sale, which ls practically the old
exchange and barter effected through
the medium of money. Leaving aside
non-essential exceptions, it may be
taken that virtually all exchanges of
commodities must be effected through
this medium, so that we must, each
and all, be alternately buyers and sellers. To buy anything, we must have
money, or credit, which ls merely a
deferred payment In money. To obtain the money we must sell something. Obviously then we must begin
by having something to sell. The capitalist has the products of his workers to sell. The workers have nothing except their power to produce, or,
shortly, labor-power. The worker and
his employer figure then as the seller
and the buyer of labor-power. It is
naturally to the Interest of the seller
to obtain as high a price for as little
as possible of that which he has to
sell, and to the interest of the buyer
to obtain as much as he can of that
which he has to buy for as low a price
as possible.
The price of any commodity is determined by supply and demand.
Where the Bupply Is greater than the
demand the price falls. Where the
demand ls greater than the supply the
price rises. Immedtatly It becomes
apparent that lt is to the interest of
sellers of a commodity to restrict the
supply of it upon the market, and to
the buyers' interest to expand that,
supply.
Out of which arise, on the one hand,
the trades union policy of the closed
shop, restricting the purchaseable supply of their particular brand of labor-
power to that for sale by a certain
group of sellers; the eight-hour day,
restricting the quantity sold ln one
parcel; and so on and so forth; on the
other hand the employers' policy of
encouraged immigration, open shop,
opposition to shorter hours and so
forth. So that, ln all Its ramifications, the question of wages and hours
is one of the purchase and sale of the
commodity labor-power.
The worker, having received payment for his labor-power, now enters
the market as a buyer. Conditions
are at once reversed. He wishes to
buy groceries, etc., as cheaply as possible. Against him are now pitted
the merchants, who wish to obtain as
high a price as possible for their merchandise, and who therefore take a
line of action exactly parallel to that
which the workers take when they are
on the selling end of the market. They
seek to keep up their prices by means
of associations, trade agreements and
so forth.
If then the struggle over the purchase and sale of the commodity labor-
power is a part of the class struggle,
logically, so also is the struggle over
the purchase and sale of any and all
commodities a part of the class struggle, nnd we have a class struggle going on every time we dicker over the
price of a pair of socks equally as
much as when we put It up to the
boss for a raise. Which is obviously
absurd.
Nobody would dream of dignifying
by the name of class struggle the
haggling of two real estate sharks
over the price of Lot 4-11-44. But
many otherwise clear-sighted Individuals persist In so terming the constant bickering over the wages question, which is quite as much a mat
ter of purchase and sale. The reason
for which confusion of Ideas lies in
the fact that the sellers of labor-power
happen to be members of the working class and the buyers members of
the capitalist class or their agents.
As a matter of fact this struggle ls
quite as much between worker and
worker as between worker and master. For instance, the closed shop Is
nothing more or less than a means to
prevent other workers competing with
the members of one particular group
In the sale of labor-power. Not that
we are disputing the correctness of
that policy from the viewpoint of
those particular sellers of labor-power.
That Is another matter. Hut certainly
lt has nothing to do with the class
struggle.
It is a self-evident proposition that
a class struggle must be a struggle
between classes, and that the issue
at stake must be of vital Importance
to each class as a class.
The two classes in society as at
present constituted are the class that
produces wealth and the class that
owns It when produced.
Wealth, that Is, the sum of commodities, cannot be produced, except out
of the natural resources and, at this
stage of society, by means of the modern machinery of production. These,
the mines, mills, factories, avenues
of transportation and the greater part
of the natural resources, are owned
by the capitalist class. As this class
also buys the labor-power by which
these means of production are operated, it owns that, too, and therefore
it owns the wealth produced.
The members of the working class
are compelled to sell their labor-
power because, owning none of these
means of production, they are unable
to produce for themselves and can
obtain the means of life only by selling their labor-power, that is working
for wages, or, as in the case of farmers, tne equivalent of wages. Having
sold their labor-power they have no
vestige of title to the products of their
labor. The producers are thus ex
plotted out of the products of their
labor. The capitalists are enabled to
exploit them by virtue of their ownership of the means of production where
by they can compel the workers to
sell to them their labor power.
It Is therefore to the Interest of
the working class to obtain ownership of the means of wealth production ln order that it may own the
wealth it produces. The means of
production are the lawful property ol
the capitalist class. The state enacts
the law and enforces it. By controlling the state the capitalists are enabled to continue ln possession of the
means of production. To oust them
from that ownership the workers
must wrest from their hands the
powers of government.
That Is the Issue at stake between
the two classes. It has nothing whatever to do with the buying and selling
of any commodity.
The class struggle ls a struggle on
the part ot the working class to break
the rule of capital, on the part of the
capitalist class to maintain its rule.
Another discovery. A New York
doctor has discovered that the cause
of so many thousands of children
coming to school breakfastless is not
poverty but loss of appetite. Clearly
there ls no use in burdening the poor
taxpayer with the expense of providing them with free breakfasts when
they won't eat them. We might further suggest that the tause - of so
much raggedness among them Is not
poverty but lack of taste.
WHY   UNIONISTS  SHOULD  BE  SOCIALISTS.
The majority ot trades unionists are
outside of the Socialist movement.
There are many reasons for this. Many
unionists think that the union does
them a vast amount of good. Many
do not take much Interest in politics
at all. Some want something now.
Many are prejudiced by Socialist
speakers—men who have never been
Inside a trade union, and know nothing about it. Many Socialists persist
in telling union men that they are
fools. They may be, but they are the
same as other people; they do not
care to be told it. There are some people that need a clubbing or starving to
get sense Into them, but the majorlt"
do not. The majority of people outside the movement are just as Intelligent as those Inside. They are open to
reason, and if reasoned with rightly,
they will become Party members and
as active In propaganda as our present members.
Now, I wish to say a few words to
union men, and put forward some of
the reasons why I think they should be
members of the Socialist Party. De-
fore I give these reasons, I wish to
state lhat I am a utilon man and have
been ever since I have been able to
carry a card; I have held office In a
union ever since I was eligible; I have
represented my union at its International convention; I am now international representative for my district;
I represent my union on the Central
Labor body and have been secretary
of the Central Body for the past two
years. You will see by these facts
that I am a pretty fair representative
of tho    trade union  movement, and
should have an Idea of what is good
for union men.
To be a union man is good, to be a
Socialist is better. The union does not
fill the bill In many ways. It has no
doubt been of benefit, but it must progress. If it flnda the weapons with
which it is armed are not strong
enough, lt must find stronger, and in
a country with manhood suffrage no
one will deny that labor has a good
weapon in the ballot. Now, If political
supremacy will help the workingman,
the union, If it Is on the side of the
worker, should advance it. Here Is
my first count against the union; It
does not take any part in political action; it Is consequently reactionary,
and of practically no use to progressive workingmen.
Count No. 2.—It is almost an impossibility to organize unskilled labor,
the less skilled the laborer the poorer
the organization. At first this does
not strike the trades unionist, as of
much importance. But right here let
me tell you that skilled labor is only
a relic of Individualism; as machinery Increases skilled labor diminishes,
and the unskilled machine hand increases, so even the skilled mechanic
this year may be unskilled next year.
Now a movement that takes in only a
part of the working class can not be
called a working class movement, and
It fails to fill the bill in that respect.
Count No. 3.—Unionism does nol
stand for the abolition of wage slavery,
the most despicable and complete form
of slavery that has yet existed.
Count No. 4.—Unions have no time
for impractical politics, such as Impossible Socialism; they want something now. And they are getting it—
right in the neck, now. Winnipeg
plumbers got it in the neck to the tune
of $2500. For what? Merely quitting
work. Who said we were not slaves?
Winnipeg plumbers have a perpetual
Injunction against them, forbidding
them to strike; this will of course
make a precedent, for any other union
that dares to go on strike. If you can't
quit work when you wish, will any
union man please tell me precisely
what good a union is?
Count No, 5.—Supposing a union did
get its members a raise in wages, how-
would that benefit a man who happened to be Injured while working at his
trade? Of what use are high wages
when you can't work? You may be
able to do what our member (?) advised me to do: Go to law and recover
damages for being injured. Go to law,
splendid advice, but what is the law
and who administers it? The liability
law is, supposing you were injured by
defective machinery. Under cross-examination, you state that the machine
Injured you, but not being a machine
expert you can't point out the defect.
Not being able to point out the defect
the court will assume that there was
no defect, and you have no case. Supposing, however, you state that there
was a defect In the machine, because
you saw it and know tt was there,
then you have no case, because you
assumed the risk. So If you know, or
do not know, you are caught. This ls
the law and our (?) representative's
advice was to go to law. Now the
union by not opposing such laws and
such people as uphold them, consents
to them, and In such a way scabs, or
does Injury to its members.
Count No. 6.—This last, but not
least. What good is the union when
there is no work? It helps a little,
perhapB, when times are good, and you
would get good (?) wages anyhow;
but when there ls no work, what then?
This ls a serious question as the out-
of-work business is not done away
with, now that the Industrial condition
has Improved somewhat. We get crises after every period of prosperity,
and they continue to come at shorter
intervals. Supposing the wheels of
prosperity get to full speed this year,
about 15 months from now; failing
wars and calamities, we shall have a
worse panic than the last. And what
then Is In store for you, my union
friend? At. the next panic half the
unions will go to the wall, and the
union man will take to political action
because It will be the only thing left
to take. That Is providing they leave
that. At present they are talking of
limiting the political power of workingmen. They already recognize the
scrap at the polls and wish to make
sure of the outcome by spoiling your
powder.
Now, Mr. Union Man, you must remember that the party In power makes
all laws, appoints all judges, clerks of
court, sheriffs, etc., who In turn appoint all juries, etc. The party ln
power now ls not ln sympathy with
union men, or any workingmen; they
are in sympathy with your masters;
consequently they give you the muddy end of the stick. You have the
chance to say who shall be In power,
and you had far better put in people
whose Interest is yours, not so much
because they'are your friends, but because your ailment is theirs and also
they know the cure. I
Yours in revolt, \
EDMUND  FUI£HER.
•f"
Socialist Directory
Every  Local  of tbe  Socialist  Party 01   LOCAL. PORT  M003T
Canada  should  run a card under this bead  '    "    " ~~
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
«„„?'„,, c-—Business meetings first
Sunday ln each month. J. V. Hull
Secretary, Port Moody, B  C
DOMtXBTXOBT EXECUTIVE COmORrTEE,
Socialist Party of Canada: Meets
every alternate Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B, C.
COLUMBIA     PBOVINCIAI.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
illXIIt   PROVINCIAL   aZBCUTTTS'
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada, Meets every alternate Monday lu
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communlcatlona
regarding the movement In the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box  n     Calgary, Alta.
MANITOBA      PBOTIHCXAX.      BZBOU-
tive Committee. Meats first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. w, James, 326 Hargrave St
Winnipeg,  Man.
ohtaxio PBOvnrciAi, nMtram
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St.. Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary. <*» Pape Ave.;
G  Colombo, Italian Org.. 224 Chestnut St.
LOCAL ▼AKCOtrVEB, HO. 1, 8. P.  OT
Canada Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett'a Store, 151 Hastings St. West
1". Perry, Secretary, Box
836.
A writer in the World calls free
medioal attendance for children "Socialistic." Some people are never satisfied unless they are parading-their
Ignorance before a long-suffering public.
I, )CAL VANCOUVER, B 0., NO. 45. FINNISH
—Meets every second and fourth Thursday in
the month ut 151 Hastings St. W. Secretary,
Matt Manilla.
LOCAL VICTORIA, SO. a,  8. P. OT C.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening. 8 p.m. Propaganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.
•is Mclndoe. Secy , Room I, 1.V19 Govern-
■-nt St.
LOCAL BTASTAntO,  NO.  3,  S.  P.  Of  C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockl
Jack Place,   Rec.   Secy.,  Box  826.
LOCAL   FEBNIE,   S.   P.   of   C.   KOL98
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting first Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec..  Box 164.
LOCAL OEMNWOOD  WO. 9, 8. P. OP
C. meets every Sunday ln Miners'
Union Hall nt 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
Tem.
*,".. !r °- . Pr0DaKanda and business
meetings at 8 p. m.. the fourth Thurs-
£?/ 2 ' ?"& momh in lod8e -00m over
old post offlce, near opera house. Ev-
erybody welcome. B.' F. Gavman
Secretory; w. W. Lefeaux, Organize?:
LOCAL BERLIN, ONT.. NO 4 S P. OF C —
meets every eecoml and fourth' Wedu, sdav
tre"i"f'J".8,P»J;. » King St. east opposite
Market Hotel.   H. Martin, Secy. 61 Weber St
LOCAL KBXSOB-, 8.  P. OP  C, KEET8
every Friday evening at « pTrnTta
M'"""' Hall. Nelson. B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy
looal wmomnx, mo. a, s. p. op o-
m?^ ?v£.Ty„ s"nday at 8:30 p.m., In
Miners Hall. Matt Halhday, Organ zer;
H   K. Mucinuis, Secy.
*°,0A* tt*?*IA*T' **»*-. »0. 4, 8. P.
2.'c; Meetings every Sunday at 8
I.',"1;..1," Jhe Labor Hall, Barber Block.
Eighth Ave. E. tnear postofflce). Club
. a"3- Reading Room, McTavlsh Block.
817 second   St.   E. Opposite Impelial Ho el.
s£y%V&    ' °rg" Bo* 647; J ci"'bs'
LOCAL BXLLBTUE, ALTA., ITO. IS, a.
P of c,  meets every  first  end  third
o no.oyaifve2,ngs' Be'levue Town Hall
v.. btubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COL8KAM-,     ALTA.,     WO.     1,
Meets .every Sunday night In tlw,
Miners Hail and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith. Secy.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  WO.  1,  8.
P. of c. Meets every Thursday at 8
p^m„ in Trades and Labor Hall,
fourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrle,
Organizer. 623 Second St.
LOCAL BILLCXE8T, ALTA., WO. 15, 8.
P. of C„ meets every Sunday after
Union meeting In Union Hall, Hillcrest
Mines Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt.; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
LOOAL WINNIPEG, 8. P. OP C. HEAD-
quarters Klouuyke block, comer of Pacific
and liing Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummings, Organizer.
Jas.   W.
street.
Amer,   Secretary, 336 Maryland
LOCAL TOBOWTO, 8. P.  OP O EWO-
lish   Branch. Business    meetings
first and third Wednesdays of
each month. Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St.
Speakers supplied or shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Corresponding   Sec, A.
I.yon. 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL TEBWOW, B. C, WO. 38, 8. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
ln Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary,  Vernon,  B.  C.
LOCAL X.ADYSMXTH WO. 10, 8. P. OP
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Will num. Sec., Ladysmith, B. C
LOOAL BOSSLAWD, Wo. 36, 8. P. OP C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., p. O.
Box 674. - Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall. Sundays at
7:30 p. in. A. Sebble, Secy., P. Oi Bos
766 Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL  OTTAWA  WO.   S,   8.  P.  OP  C,
BTJ8IWB88 HEETXWO 1st Sunday ln
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 78 Ridean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:16 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
at 379 Wellington St. Chnrles Lestor,
Organizer.
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Bron-
son Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   WO.   9,   8.   P.   OP   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MOWTBEAL,   QUE.,   WO.   1,   B.
P, of 0.—Meets ln Labor Hall, St
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Heaequarters No. 1 St. Charles Borromee St
OUoJahn Secretaay, saSChausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member        ....       Wm. Davidson, Sandon
DISTRICT ASSOCIA1 ION   NO. 6.
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
President
Vice-President
Secretary-Treaiurer
No.
Meeting
Night
Pre».
Thoi.
Sec'y.
J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
P.O.
Box
Add.
Atlln   	
Camborne
Grand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Hedley   	
Kaslo   	
Kimberly   ....
Lardeau   	
Marysvllle
M. & S. U.
Movie   	
Nelson    ......
Phoenix   	
Rossland
Sandon   ......
Sllverton   	
Slocan   	
Texada   .'	
Trail M & M..
86 Ymir
Wed
Wed
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Mon
Wed
 |C. Galrns	
Wm. Wlnslow James Tobln ...
Patrick O'Connor jw. E. Hadden	
Charles Btrce Geo.   Heatherton
C. Bennett T.  H.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews.. H. T. Rainbow.
Joe Armstrong A. B. Carter...
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. Lundln  	
Malcolm  McNeill.,
Paul   Phillips	
R.   Sllverthorn....
J. A. McKinnon...
L. R.  Mclnnls
Robert - Malroy
Blair Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh...
Wm. Hesketh	
A. Burgess	
J.  Hays   	
lames Roberts	
F. Phillips 	
W. A. Plckard...
Geo. Casey	
A.   Shilland.	
Fred Ltebscher..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
F. D. Hardy....
W.   B.   Mclsaac.
Discovery
12 Camborne
M Grand   Forks
Greenwood
Hedley
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Marysvllle
Moyie
Nelson
Phoenix
Rossland
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
Van Anda
Tratl
Ymir
36
106
294
421
K
86
90
888
377
606
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Job  tahdotte jotakin tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"Tyokanaa"
Box 197, Port Arthur, Oat.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Miktai ilnooitun, $1.50 viotikirti
"Vakili.ka" Mimti, $1.15
ATENTS
_ solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability ot having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charge*
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser eent upon
request Marion & Marlon, New York Life Bldg,
Montreal; r.ud Washington, D.C, U.S.*.
C. PETER* ""EVE
Rand-Made Bqpts and Shoes to order in
all atylea.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
I4SI WtttmiMttr Avt.
NEW SOCIALIST GAME
"The Class Straggle" ^iAat&K
Mailed for 26c in iiampi; aient* wanted.
CHAKLE8 H, IERR * 00., 158 XlBSU
Stmt, Chicago, m
=p
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'ClocR
E. T. RINGSLEY
National Theatre
Formerly the CamsraphoAe
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C. SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1909.
THE   WESTERN   CLARION.   VANCOUVER.   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
THRU
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter (with necessary   supplies to start Local)    $5.00
Membership Cards, each' 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and application blank
per 100   25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100     .60
Ditto ln Italian, per 100 BOe
WINNIPEG.
Dear Comrade,—I guess a report
from Ihe Peg will not come amiss as
it is quite awhile since the last one
was sent.
Unlike a number of "business" men
round this quarter, we can honestly
say that our business is In a thriving
condition. The Local was never in a
healthier    condition    and    everything
BRANDON, MAN.
points to a continuance of this happy
state of affairs.   There is a balance meetings in the park    on    Sundays.
Comrade Editor,—We have had an
excellent week of street meetings,
Comrade O'Brien being with us. The
first night he got on the box at the
usual stand of the Salvation Army
and only spoke two minutes, when
along came a peeler and told him to
cease. O'Brien said he was not going
to, and the cop said that it he did not
he would have to run him In. Comrade O'Brien said very well, then he
would go to Jail first. After awhile
the policeman said he was only obeying his masters and would we go down
a block or two where there was not
much traffic. Comrade O'Brien did
not wish to do this, Mating that he
had as much right to talk as the aforesaid tambourine knockers. At last
the Local comrades asked O'Brien to
talK on the vacant lot which the policeman referred to. Charlie said that
If it were the wish of the Local he
would do so, but not for any policeman; so away we went. There we
had six splendid meetings.
Comrade O'Brien is a fine, clear
and convincing speaker and won the
hearts of all the crowd. We are still
out of a hall, but hold our business
in hand in all the funds of the Local
and the treasurer is looking as happy
as is possible for a slave to look.
During the last month our masters
have evidently come to the conclusion that we are liable to put too many
of their slaves wise to their true condition, hence the order lo make ourselves scarce from the street corners.
Comrades Matthews and Hemniings
spent seven days In one of His Majesty's slate drawing rooms rather than
hand over a dollar fine. If the trouble
Is not settled in our favor soon, there
are others ready for the same pilgrimage.
O'Brien, M.P.P., arrived here on the
9th and is working like a Trojan (although I'm blest If I know what lhat
is). He has addressed nine meetings
up to date, seven of which have been
held on the Market Square. And let
me say right here, Comrade Editor,
that, although the members of our
Local were ready lor and expected a
rare treat In Comrade O'Brien's addresses, their expectations have been
more than realized, which is not always the portion of he who expects.
From this viewpoint alone—of binding
the units of the Local more closely together and enabling it to present a
still more solid front, both to our enemies and those who ought to be with
us—O'Brien's visit has proved an unqualified success.
With the aid of a clear, ringing
voice that lasts well through a two-
hours' talk in the open air; through
the medium of a mind that has grasped, dissected and thoroughly analyzed
the conditions prevailing in this tottering system of capitalist production,
O'Brien brings to light the hidden
truth and forces home his arguments
in a manner that is not only convincing, but also Inspiring. With a certain magnetism which is not caused by
gesticulation nor by any tricks of
rhetoric, but ls simply, ln my humble
opinion, born of an accumulation of
facts drawn from a careful analysis,
and an unhesitating manner In letting
them loose,—this live wire of the revolution hurls defiance at the foe and
brings the slave to his proper senses.
Not only is it an intellectual treat to
listen to him, but lt is also a sight for
sore eyes to watch the expressions on
the faces of the slaves, craning their
necks to catch every word that falls
from the speaker's lips,—awhile giving
vent to their satisfaction by clapping
their horny hands as the light begins
to glimmer through their sometimes
too horny heads.
Comrades in the East and comrades
ln the West! If we have made gallant
efforts ln the past, let us redouble
them from now onwards. Let the sinews of war pour ln so that not only
O'Brien, but all men ot his calibre
may be enabled to go over the length
and breadth of Canada,—the fighting
evangels of a new and sane system
of society, the heralds ot the revolution; not only beckoning the outsider,
but making the party Itself solid by
stamping out, wherever It may appear,
the symptom of that damnable pestilence ot palliative and reform, leaving
It in the only light for which an excuse can be found for Its existence—
an organized system of human mechanism that will fight the whole system tooth and nail—a machine that
will spread the kind of education
which will eventually, along with the
evolution of Industry, sound the death
knell of this already putrid system
which exploits the best that is in man,
woman and child.
Yours for, and ln the revolution,
W. STEPHEN CUMMING, .'
. Organizer.'
The seed la being sown nicely here
and we are going to speak from now
on until elections, which will probably be In the fall.
Yours in revolt,
T. B. LEGGE.
FIRST   IN  THE  FIELD.
Is your name on the voters' list.
Dear Comrade,—A convention of the
Socialist Party of Canada for the
Okanagan district was held at Vernon,
B. C, on July 12th for the purpose of
preparing for the next Provincial election. Between 25 and 30 Socialists
were present and everything passed
off ln smart order. Various Ideas and
opinions were put forth ln some good
speeches. Methods of propaganda and
campaign tactics were discussed and
adopted. On the motion of Comrade
Logie of Summerland, seconded by
Comrade Smith of Vernon, J. F. Johnson of Enderby was chosen as our
candidate. The motion was carried
unanimously.
It was also decided that each Local
appoint a member to form an executive committee, with headquarters at
Vernon. This committee will later
on meet In Vernon, but in the meantime all business will be carried on
by correspondence. Comrade H. C. D.
Glldemeester has been elected as representative for Local Vernon on the
executive and all communications regarding the Provincial campaign
should be addressed to him.
Regarding our candidate, there is
no doubt that Jim Johnson is a man
fit to represent a revolutionary party.
He Will stand by his class and he is
fearless and aggressive. Furthermore,
he is a good, sound Socialist and a
forcible speaker. Now, Okanagan
comrades, the tug-of-war, begins afresh
and we must pile up the campaign
fund. The money is our weak point,
so we must do our best to make it
strong.
Yours for "victory,
GEO. W- PATERSON,
 - i	
lowing. The Mutual Life originally
held 11,563 shares of Stock in the U. S.
Mortgage and Trust Co., which cost
it $1,785,359. Out of this it has sold
6,536 shares, and received $2,718,031.
In other words, It received for the
6,536 shares $932,672 more than lt paid
for the whole lot, and it still has on
hand 5,000 shares quoted ln the market at $425 and worth therefore $2,
125,00. The gain on the Investment in
this case ls $3,057,672. The Guarantee
Trust Co., is more striking stlll.to say
nothing about the Central Trust Co.,
which recently declared a dividend of
200 per cent, and whose shares are
worth $2,000.
Now! Mr. Editor, give me your candid opinion of the ass who permits
this skin game to continue. Is'nt he
the easiest thing that was ever turned
into an unsuspecting world? Then
our Christian friends tell us that God
made him. Probably he did, but its
a mighty sure sure thing that in the
making he forgot the brains.
W. H. S.
EVOLUTION,     REVOLUTION,
- BELLION, VIOLENCE.
RE
The processes of social transformation, as well as—under various names
—those of every sort of transformation ln living organisms are evolution
—revolution—rebellion—Individual violence.
A mineral or vegetable or animal j she tried not to love Elsie, but the
statistics, either does not or can not
see that the positions assumed are
void of a conception of logical sequence. There are five photos of babes
who are the unconscious .victims of
capitalism, and to cite the language
used In offering them to the public, It
seems incredible that the defects of
our present system are not recognized
thereby.
"Stanley (In his veins flows Polish
blood), was born' In Buffalo, May 7,
1906. Not long before his birth hit
mother came to America with the
idea that In the new country it would
be eaiy to make a living. After the
baby's arrival the woman discovered
that the could not care for him and
go out to work." In face ot such admissions there are those who have the
effrontery to assert that Socialism
would destroy the home.
Look at the cheerful little face,
its dark eyes expressive of budding Intelligence, telling of affection, and
chubby cheeks that a mother would
pinch with loving tenderness, and then
imagine, if you can, the heart pangs
of she who bore it to be compelled to
give It up to others because her love
Is such that she does not wish the
baby to share her misery. But let us
see what are the others and what are
the reasons that they are for disposal.
"Elsie.—Elsle'Symother, a poor, helpless little woman, knew that It would
be impossible to support the child, so
species may pass through, during the
cycle of its existence, these four processes.
As long as the structure and the
volume of the center of crystallization,
the germ, or the embryo, increase
gradually, we have a gradual and continuous process of revolution, which
must be followed at a definite stage by
a process of revolution, more or less
prolonged, represented for example,
by the separation of the crystal from
the mineral mass which surrounds it,
or by certain revolutionary or\ vegetable and animal life, as, for example,
the moment of sexual reproduction;
there may also be a period of rebellion, that is to say, of organized per-
child which lay close to her heart be
gan to mean so much to her, that
when the physician told her she was
discharged from the hospital she had
difficulty in giving up the baby."
And yet intelligent (sic) men say
"Socialism would  destroy the home."
"Joseph.—Found his way Into the
world at Christmas time in 1907. To
his young mother he was a gift that
was undesired for she had come from
Austrian Poland and she found herself
deserted in a strange land. There was
nothing for her to do but to surrender
her baby to the mysterious authorities
that care for waifs. One day she kissed Joseph and, dumbly submissive to
the  unwritten  law  of poverty which
sonal violence, a frequent and well compels the separation of mother and
verified phenomenon among those child, she went away never to see her
species of animals which live in so- son again." But "Socialism would de-
cietles;  there may also be Instances stroy the home.
of Isolated personal violence, as in the
struggles to obtain food or for the
possession of the females between
animals of the same species.
These same processes also occur In
the human world.   By evolution must
"Lilly.—When Lillle was two years
old her mother died. Her father
found the baby too much for his limited resources. »•'••' After a year
or two he moved away and then he
forgot  her."    Still  please  remember
be understood the transformation that Socialism would destroy the home.
A BU8INESS MAN'S GOVERNMENT.
The NewYork Chronicle has contracted that pernicious habit ot proclaiming
the return of prosperity one month,
and denying it the next. Its latest
scare ls, according to its own confession of a political nature. The issue of June 26th is one ot pessimism.
It sees In the personality of Mr. Taft,
nothing but the tool of bureaucracy,
more tyranical than Russia. The
black cloud which Is the cause of so
much uneasiness, Is an income tax on
corporations of over $5,000 capital, devised tor no other purpose, but the
destruction of those little pettifogging
businesses, which for some time past
have been a nuisance to themselves
and everybody else. The new bill if
passed will invest In the President
power almost absolute. The trend ot
this inquisitor is to find out by Government audit, the amount and nature
of the business done by every corporation, with the option of publishing It
as he sees fit, or In other words, the
high Moguls, Holy John and his crowd,
are getting more venturesome In the
use of that mighty machine, (Government) and have notified the smaller
fry, that henceforth and forever, their
business most be conducted according
to the rulings of the powers that be.
Another thorn in the flesh, is the
new Supt. of Insurance, who seems to
be of the opinion that certain companies are not disposing of certain
kinds of Investment, which it seems
are contrary to the law, and which
they must dispose of before a certain
time. The property ln question is,
stock of Trust Companies, which, you
must remember, never pay very big
dividends, as you will see by the fol-
takes place day by day, which is almost unnoticed, but continuous and inevitable; by revolution, the critical
and decisive period, more or less prolonged, of an evolution that has reached its concluding phase; by rebellion,
the partially collective violence which
breaks out, upon the occasion of some
particular circumstance, at a definite
place and time; and by Individual violence, the action of one Individual
against one or several others, which
may be the effect of a fanatical passion or of criminal instincts, or the
manifestation of a lack of mental
equilibrium—and which Identifies Itself with religious or political Ideas
most ln vogue at the moment.
It must he remarked, in the first
place, that while revolution and evolution are normal functions of social
physiology, rebellion and Individual
violence are symptoms of social pathology."—Enrico Ferri, page 139, Socialism and Modern Science.
"SOCIALISM WOULD DESTROY THE
HOME."
Thus sayeth Kaiser Theodore Roosevelt. Chorus of phonographic reproductions, "Oh, yes, Socialism would
destroy the home because Sir Oracle
hath so asserted, therefore let no dog
bark. What presumptlous rogue's tills
Anathema Marantha!"
Capitalism has destroyed and Is
still destroying the home. Bah! "et tu
quoque" assertions are not convincing argument. No, the testimony shall
be "ex parte."
The Delineator, page 53, July Issue
(no charge for gratuitous advertising):
"For the child that needs a home, and
the home that needs a child." That
homes should be found for these homeless bairnies must be pleasing to everybody who loves the little ones, but
where is the sense of supporting conditions that breed misery on this gigantic scale, whilst making an adver-
Using exploitation which at best may
be likened to the attempt at dipping
dry the Atlantic Ocean with a teaspoon?
"Largely through its efforts President Roosevelt called the recent remarkable White House conference
which unanimously endorsed everything that has been advocated by The
Delineator on this subject." How
thankful one should be who, whilst realizing the tragedies of dally life, is
endowed with a compensating sense of
humor. The smae Individual before
whom are brought an array of tacts
and • figures that one would consider
overwhelmingly convincing that there
must be something fundamentally
wrong with the laws of society prates
in a bombastic style about "Race Suicide." It has become commonplace
to refer to an Englishman's lack of
humor, yet lt must be Intensified ln
one  who,    confronted  by  Irrefuiable
"Frank.—He was born in Canada,
January 25, 1903. He and his sister
were deserted by their parents. Soon
after they had cast their children upon
public charity the father died and the
mother made a new home (! !)—the
marks are mine—where her children
are not wanted." Yet Roosevelt hath
said and others chirped in unison, and
they are wise guys, Socialism would
destroy the home.
The fact ls clearly proven that not
only does
Capitalism Destroy the Home
but often prevents Its establishment.
In the face of such damaging evidence from one of the respectable
journals, do you marvel at the theories
of Malthus being exemplified and the
birth rate falling rapidly? Flamboyant orators and wordy windbags may
declaim against race suicide until the
crack o' doom, but so long as the creative germs exist, "child rescue campaigns," "purity and moral leagues,"
"refuge homes for fallen women" are
about as useful to cure the malady as
a "Mother Gamp" would be to ward
off wet under Niagara Falls.
This issue of the Delineator is pregnant with material of interest to any
and all who are not satisfied with a
mere recital of facts, but will probe
below the surface and investigate the
"whyness of things." Keep this fact
prominently before your mind's eye,
that so long as you are willing to
patch up or help patch up the grievous
wounds of society by deodorizing methods you will be tolerated, but please
don't urge the advisability of laying
the axe at the root or (see page 34):
"In the shade of the "Night Owl"
lunch wagon the preacher stands on
a three-legged stool. He has scarcely
announced his text when a mounted
policeman rides up to look blm over.
No, be is neither an anarchist nor a
Socialist. The preaching goes on."
Perfectly harmless! ! Squirt rose-
water over them and they are dead to
the stinkpots.   Oh, It Is to laugh!
"The rich will do anything for the
poor except get oft their backs."
N. M. T.
PRACTICAL POLITICS
AND ITS RESULT
(Continued from Page 1)
more Intrigue, packed meetings or underhand work than the Socialist Party
right here in Chicago. In spite of it,
though, we have won out and stamped
the Chicago movement with the proletarian brand. It is faint but Indelible. We have been afflicted, with an
"intellectual group" that has condescended to patronize the workers to
the extent, of apearlng In the limelight before the audience! that "Jimmy
Higglns" gathered. The movement
has given them the pedestal they
craved and—other things."
"But they gave you a return," I said.
and added, "somebody must stand ln
the limelight."
"Yes, they gave us a return, a party
of unintelligent discontent, and made
more difficult a task that was already
hard enough. It is a subject I would
rather not discuss and I will say no
more."
Now this comrade was not by any
means alone. I met many who expressed similar opinions and some
who went a great deal farther. One
who said what a great number tried
to tell me. "We have among us the
so-called intellectual group, who control the press and betray all the characteristics of the job holder, who, for
the maintenance of the press, i.e., for
the retention of their jobs, are sapping
the vitality of the movement." I met
this comrade at the Rlverview picnic
to aid the Dally Socialist, and I found
others present who felt that they were
being "worked" in the name of their
Party loyalty to further a scheme
whose merit they questioned.
Com. Thos. J. Morgan, a veteran of
35 years ln the movement, was in a
reminiscent mood and entertained me
for two hours with a history of the
movement in Chicago from 1874 to the
present day.
The stage that culminated in the so-
called anarchist riots speaks eloquently of the confusion that obtained in
the ranks of the Chicago working class
movement. Fusion and compromise
marked the Socialists of that period.
They were betimes absorbed by the
greenbackers and allied with the anarchists, a party without a definite
aim or purpose, prepared to fight under any radical banner or follow any
political will-o'-the-wisp that gave even
the vaguest promise of relief. In 1878
through the discontent following tbe
panic of 1873 the Worklngmen's party
elected three representatives to the
state legislature, and the following
year four members to the city council. In 1880 the Socialists sent 40
delegates to the Greenbackers convention. Thirty-nine of these delegates
Issued a manifesto calling on all Socialists to support the nominees of that
convention. Draw your own conclusions regarding their clearness. I forgot in my surprise to inquire the
name of the delegate that refused to
sign that document. That manifesto
was the signal for a revolt, and the
party split up Into rival elements.
Here the anarchists got a foothold and
secured possession of the Socialist pa
per. Strengthened by this means they
successfully contended for working
class attention and support. Before
this vigorous campaign the advocates
of political action steadily gave way
and the local workingclass movement
of that time stood for physical force.
This condition I judge from Com. Morgan's recital waa superinduced by a
lack of unanimity as to what constituted fundamental principles which
left the party weak. Torn by dissension they ceased to be active and left
the anarchists In undisputed possession of the field.
A continuation of the history of the
movement from that time until now is
but a repetition of the earlier period,
with the same factors parading under
different names, but at all times a noticeable feature and one of great significance ls that the contest has always been for possession of the press
and the opoprtunlty to mould the
propaganda. Morgan Is with the
forces that are seeking to put the
proletariat In possession of this
agency. He promises there will be
things doing.
"How does the party stand with, reference to the trades union movement?" I asked Com. Gus Fraenckel,
Cook country secretary. "The Party
takes no stand whatever In the matter." was the reply "As a Socialist, and
I am a trades unionist, too, I know
neither unionist nor non-unionist, I
know only the working clasB. The
Party Is not responsible for any Impressions that may be given with regard to Its "attitude." I know that our
press, If taken seriously, would convey such an Impression that there Ib
discrimination In favor of unionism.
There are men, too, who take It on
themselves without warrant to speak
for the Party who do the same thing.
But this is a working class party and
stands for the emancipation of the
workingman, the overthrow of the
wage system and establishment ot the
co-operative commonwealth In which,
together with competition, the need of
unions shall have passed away, necessity will breed no scabs, and the word
shall become obsolete."
This is the voicing of the working
class spirit that plugs away to keep
the working class eye on its goal, that
realizes the necessity of creating a
world-wide revolutionary sentiment.
That is turned aside by no twaddle,
which respects no hoary falsehood
and, disdaining hypocrisy, adds no
adjective to qualify it in catching the
unwary. That knows It can place
reliance not on Ignorance but knowledge. Il will not attempt to hobble lo
freedom on the crutches of reform, but
easting aside Its palliatives will march
boldly on Its way with but Ihls prayer upon Its lips: "Speed, speed the
day of revolution that brings the
cniiinelpatlon of Labor and true dignity to mankind."
That day is coining for the Socialist Party of the United States. How
soon, depends on tbe workers themselves. RAMBLER.
<Xere and Tfow
By "LEEDS"
Is your name on the voters' list.
• *   •    -
Local Victoria donates $5.00 to the
Clarion Maintenance fund.
• • •
Another new sub. from W. H. Stebblngs, also a renewal and an order
for five party buttons.
•- » »
Comrade James Cartwrlght, sends
$3.00 to the Clarion Maintenance
fund, and rustles four new subs, besides, all yearlles.
• •   »
A bundle of five Clarions weekly
go to Comrade W. E. Durrant, Port
Arthur, as per his latest order.
• *   •
Comrade W. S. Matthews, Ashby, N.
S. also orders a bundle of five copies
per week.
• *   *
Comrade W. W. LeFeaux, renews
his own sub. and encloses a new one.
• •   •
Local Brantford donates five dollars
to the Clarion Maintenance fund, to be
paid for by new subscribers.
• •   •
Local Nelson also donates $5.00 to
Clarion Maintenance fund, per Secretary I. A. Austin, who makes a few
well-merited and not very complimentary remarks on how the slaves continue to hug their chains.
• *   •
A Party button goes to Comrade A.
M. Oliver for his list of five yearlles.
• •   •
Brantford's Clarion sub. list takes a
respectble jump when Comrade Wm.
Davenport lands with his bunch of
eleven new readers.
• •   •
One renewal and a list of six new
subs, from Comrade Alex Lyon, Toronto.
«   »   •
Comrade W. K. Bryce, Bernard,
Sask., makes a rustling stunt and cops
a bunch of five.
• •   •
Five subs this week is the latest
from Comrade H. Norman, Vancouver.
• •   •
Comrade Jas. Allison, Nanaimo, renews his sub. and donates a dollar to
'.he Maintenance Fund.
• •   •
Comrade Jas. Warren, A revolutionary veteran of 60 years, rustles a pair
and fires them In from Toronto, Ont.
• • •
Local Sandon contrlbuts $5.00 to the
Clarion Maintenance Fund and then
an additional $5.00 worth of subs.
• »   ♦
The following comrades add their
mite ln the shape of a new subscriber:
Johan Jackson, Vancouver, B. C;
Will R. Hlbberd, Toronto, Ont.; F. Hyatt, Calgary, Alta.; T. B. Legge, Brandon, Man.; F. S. Faulkner, Alderslde,
Alta.; F. F. Llebscher, Sllverton, B. C;
Hugh Henna, Vancouver, B. C; A. .
Stewart, Moose Jaw, Sask.; Frank J.
Mills, Galena, B. C; Earl Lonle, Gilford Wash., U.S.A.; Leon Donlen, Central Nassau, N. Y.; W. A. Milburn,
Cedar Cottage, B. C.j L. E. Drake,
Bellevue, Alta.
• • a
Don't forget, boys, that new subscribers are the life blood of the
Clarion.
• »   •
How would the late Joe Martin's
famous platform of thirty-one planks
look tacked on to a revolutionary
working class platform?
• •   •
I have compiled 'a list of 999 very
desirable and necessary Immediate demands. All good vote catchers—and
the end is not yet.
• •   •
The rank and file of Vancouver Local no doubt feel quite "sociable" now
after reading the report of delegate
Ley's insulting remarks at the council meeting last week.
• •   •
Propaganda meetings .are not held
for the purpose of hair-splitting. Many
a good Impression Is lost to a stranger
In this manner. Don't confuse a likely convert, educate him.
COMPETITION.
During previous elections the Issuing of manifestos has been left to the
last minute, and the writing to those
not overburdened with leisure. Consequently they have been generally
open to considerable Improvement.
To provide against this state of affairs, Comrades are Invited to exercise their abilities along these lines
now, and a competition la open for
the writing up of expositions of our
position for publication In these columns. The best of these will be used
In the coming Provincial elections.
The length of each article should be
restricted lo two columns, and, so far
as possible In this spnee, the position
of our Party should be si't forth In
clear and simple language.
Further, It would be an excellent
plan to distribute a number of such
leaflets periodically from now till
election day, not only where candidates of our Party are run, hut where-
ever possible elsewhere. Let's hear
from you. ^
FOUR
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
•SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1909.
OUR LONDON LETTER
The threatened strike of all the
coal miners in the United Kingdom
has for a time at least been averted
and with one or two exceptions all
collieries are at work. The Mines'
Eight-hour Act which since its enactment by Parliament has been a source
of grievance to the mine owners, became operative on July 1st and trouble
was expected in consequence. An
open rupture was, however, averted
in the South Wales coal field through
the owners' and the miners' representatives patching up a truce a few*
hours before the new law went in
force. Affairs are still unsettled, especially in Scotland, and a lockout
followed by a national stoppage of
work in all mines may yet be declared.
The Mines' Eight-hour Act as passed by the last session of Parliament
provides only for an eight-hour day
actually worked underground and does
not include the time getting in and
out of the mine, which is an important item on account of the great
depth of some of the mines. For this
reason the new law cannot be strictly
called an eight-hour act as the average time consumed in getting to and
from the pit workings is considerably
more than 30 minutes, while in some
particularly deep mines the miners
lose two hours in their journeyings
underground.
In order to nullify the slight gains
this eight-hour law would give to the
miners the owners terminated all existing contracts with the Miners' Federation and Imposed conditions which
were distasteful to the men and then
threatened a lockout if these conditions were not acceded to. To this
the miners submitted counter proposals and conciliation hoards and conferences worked overtime to bring
about a settlement. At one stage of
the proceedings all negotiations were
off, but representatives of the two
parties in dispute were again brought
together and shortly before midnight,
June 30th, an amicable understanding
was brought about.
The basis of settlement ls that the
mine owners agree that the 60 extra
working hours per annum as allowed
by the new act shall be settled sby
taking a te'.t case to a court of law
With re?„i*nce to the double shift difficulty which the men protested
against, the owners agree, subject to
an undertaking by the miners, to raise
no obstacle to the new methods of
' working when their introduction into
individual collieries has been agreed
to locally. All proposed changes in
regard to conditions made to working
in the mines brought about by the
new act will be considered by both
parties before adoption of same, and
any objections will be submitted to
a conciliation board.
These concessions, if they can be
called such, do not give the miners
much benefit of the new act, but as
the dice were loaded against the men,
nothing better could be obtained at
this time. The mine owners were
well prepared in case of a strike or
lockout, for besides a large reserve
of coal and an over-stocked labor market behind them, the military authorities had been appealed to and soldiers had been quietly shipped into
convenient nearby towns so as to be
promptly on hand to aid ln an early
"settlement."
The Welsh miners are not at all
jubilant oyer the present state of affairs and offer a marked contrast to
Messrs. Abraham and Brace, their representatives, who declare themselves
well satisfied with the outcome of the
controversy. Mr. Abraham, who by
the way is an M.P. and treasurer of
the Miners' Federation, has a large
Influence over the men, which be uses
to keep himself to the fore, and in
consequence he has succeeded ln getting himself appointed on tne committee which is to discuss tbe difficulties of the Scottish miners nexi Wednesday.
In Scotland the Issue between the
owners and the miners Is considered
even more seriouB than that of South
Wales, as the mine owners demand a
12% per cent, reduction in the miners'
wages to compensate them for the
slight benefit the new eight-hour law
will give to the men. Some weeks ago
the Scottish mine owners gave notice
of a 12V4 per cent, reduction, which
was considered by a conciliation
Board, but the board disagreed owing
to the miners refusing to consent to
the "independent" chairman giving
his deciding vote. This has produced
a deadlock, and the owners have prepared notices to issue to their men to
terminate all contracts with them.
This would virtually mean an industrial conflict, but before taking such
a drastic step, the owners have consented to receive a deputation to dis
cuss matters and make a final effort
to settle all grievances. The Scottish
miners declare that their wages are
low enough and that there shall be no
reduction below the present rate of
pay. In event of the employers insisting upon a 12% per cent, cut, the Scottish miners declare that they will resist It and will ask the British Miners'
Federation to put into operation rule
0 while calls for a general cessation
of work of ail those connected with
the Federation.
Whether a big coal miners' lockout
or strike will take place will be known
in a few days, but at least these negotiations have shown that the mine
owners are organized to a man, and
Ihe United Kingdom, which so long
was the happy hunting ground of the
individualistic employer, is rapidly
becoming as trustified as Canada or
the States. The actions of the all
coal mine owners here shows that
they are in one huge combine whose
only object is to squeeze their employers for big profits and yet the people
refuse to take over the mines and
work them for the benefit of all. Why?
ROBT. E. SCOTT.
London, July 2nd, 1909.
LETTER FROM AFRICA.
Jumblecocoland, April  1.
My Dear Lieman,—
Since writing my article demolishing Socialism, I have had a revelation
from the Great Smoke to the effect
that the Socialists were taking church
members and making them materialistic atheistic and Socialistic. That
is just like one of the tricks that Socialists will do. My friend and proxy
Godnose has had lots of experience,
and he knows the value of the injunction. Enjoin the Socialists from coercing, intimidating or in any way jeopardizing the church men's chances of
heaven, because if the directors of
heaven are wise they will model that
country after our own glorious individualistic civilization, in which case I
will want a few pious, servile guides
and gun-carriers when I get there. Besides it is treason to my god and my
country for my people to quit the spiritual for the..material.
Another method of combating Socialism is for a large number of our
most holy priests and preachers to
join the Socialist Party. We will then
pretend to ostracize and persecute
them, which will create sympathy
among the Utopians and sentimentalists in the Party and divide the membership. History teaches us that the
masses have never fought so hard or
with such bitter hatred and cruelty as
when fighting so-called religious wars.
If we can make this old shop-worn
hand-me-down theology of ours do one
more stunt, we will try to arrange
something more in line with the peculiar ideas which the wage workers
have today. I believe our Canadian
capitalist cousins are trying the religious dodge to break up the S. P. of C.
At any rate, there are a goodly number of Socialistic Christians or Christian Socialists kicking on Marxian materialism, although, between ourselves,
that ls the' basis of the Socialist movement, confound lt!
After I have killed all the humming
birds and peewees around here, I have
a notion to take some Plnkertons and
Theils and hunt Socialists. Those
Rocky Mountain Socialists should provide' good sport. 'Twould be a diver-1
sion, anyway.
If -wars occur between England and
Germany and the United Statee and
Japan, it will provide- ah opportunity
to courtmartial all known Socialists as
traitors and execute them a la Russia.
My dear friend Nick assures me that
when a Socialist has once been thoroughly executed he ceaBes to trouble
either the government or his poor relations. Practical men nowadays try to
arrange terms and treaties of peace in
advance, and then let the war rip
along until It solves the unemployed
problem.
Until I and Japan have arranged
matters satisfactorily, you will do well
to get all the priests and preachers
Into the Socialist Party that it will
stand for and then sidetrack it Into
faith without facts. The masses have
ln the past always responded to the
call of superstition, and I don't see
why they won't do it now. Faith will
be a cheap commodity to feed the hungry with, and the D. D.'s will be earning their salary.
Excuse me, but the chief's forty-
third wife is giving me to understand
that the scouts have located a side-
hill dodger, and I must go out and kill
It. By the way, don't let that Canadian bunch get too gay, especially
"that bunch at head."
ME BWANA TUMBO.
•*»*»»♦**#»#*««»»««©»«**»•***••«
•««««*««ft««»ft«**««o**«»«e'>«e*ff*
NOTES FROM THE TRAIL.
(By W. J. Curry, No. 4.)
"There is a sucker born every minit
md two to catch 'em."—David Harum.
Probably no country this side of
heaven or the other place has been so
overestimated as the country through
which the G. T. P. railway will pass.
During the last two seasons I have
studied the subject carefully ,have
talked to old-timers and newcomers,
and the conclusion arrived at is that as
an agricultural country this portion of
British Columbia is worthless in the
competitive field. It Is not a question
of, can grain, vegetables or stock be
produced here, but can they reach the
consumer In competition with those
produced in the most favored parts?
The flail and handloom' went out of
business not because they could not
thrash grain or weave fabrics, but because more productive implements
were introduced.
A well-known milling engineer who
has just arrived In Hazleton coming
by way of Quesnell informed me that
the parts fit for agriculture were like
oases on a desert—few and far between; that there is no marketable
timber; that nothing is known of the
mineral deposits. He believes It will
be a stock country, but says the winters are long and cold and that is
against it. The f/osts are alone
enough to condemn it as an agricultural country. As a pioneer said:
"The frosts last up to the end of June
and early ones usually start business
the first part of July."
The idea that the "settling up of
tne country" and the advent of a pair
of rails and some log houses will drive
away the frosts and swarms of mos-
quitos is only the tale of the trader
or land agent, and the man who believes it deserves to be caught. During the month of the past June there
were several frosts at Hazleton, it
freezing ice in a pail and on the deck
of the steamer. On the 19th and 21st
of June it froze water and damaged the
gardens. But Hazleton is only 1,000
feet above sea level; the Bulkley rises
and Is from 1,500 to 2,000; the famous
Nechaco Valley, which we learn from
those selling It, will rival Oregon for
fruit and Alberta for grain, is 3,000
feet high. The engineer quoted passed
through it and says there Is hard
frost there every month of the year.
.Camping about 100 yards from where
I write are two men from Spokane.
They spent six weeks in the country
tramping nearly 1,000 miles and say
it is worthless except for mineral.
They were chilled at night, blistered
by the sun in the day and devoured by
mosquitoes'all the time.
The Soil.
Along the Skeena much of the soil
ls shallow and sandy, requiring much
rain, but as the perpetual sunshine is
one of the special attractions offered
by the land agent that condition cannot produce much vegetation.. At
Hazleton they carry water from the
river to water their gardens and the
duration of summer can be estimated
from the fact that this ls the first of
July and the strawberries, peas and
early potatoes are already In blossom.
In the Bulkley there is a clay subsoil which holds the moisture and
there is considerable good land—that
is, for British Columbia.
The very fact that although Hazleton has been occupied by white men
for thirty years and yet people live on
canned vegetables, milk and butter
shows that the agricultural advantages
are not much in evidence. 1 heard a
ranc&er boast that for ihe population
the district "consumed ai much tinned
and bottled goods as any country on
earth."   I believe him.
Lured northward by the siren song
of the land shark and newspaper man,
some ' genuine farmers are occasionally Been, but they usually look over
the district and go back home. A
month' ago a man from Montana arrived here with his wife, seven children,
a hundred hens, horses and everything
necessary to start business. After a
couple of weeks of investigation he
sold what he could and left ln dlsgusl.
He had spent last winter ln Vancouver waiting for the first boat up the
river. He had spent many years associating with horses, cows and pigs and
did not much understand the style of
the land agent nor did he know that
under the laws of competition the
newspaper man is compelled to bunco
the public In order to live. A number
of other farmers meaning business arrived this summer and all that I know
of returned, but there is no fear of
any capitalist newspaper reporting
their opinion of the country. It would
not pay.
No Markets.
An enterprising business man once
organized a colony which was to make
a clean and easy living by doing one
another's washing. The business man
sold each of the colonists a washing
machine and guaranteed It would do
the work. Equally as promising is
the idea that a settlement of ranchers
can  live by swapping farm produce.
One of the first questions put by Ihe
prospective rancher coming here is: |
Where is the market for farm produce? And the only reply Is: There
will be mining tr/irns here some day.
Assuming there are ore bodies to be
discovered capable of being mined and
sent to a smelter at a profit, the railroads which export ore will bring in
farm produce from the most favored
parts of the country. Farm produce
is now coming to Rupert from the
Fraser Valley for $2.50 per ton. The
writer has seen tons of fruit rotting
an ihe trees and fields of vegetables
rotting in the ground because it did
not pay to pick, pack and transport
them from the Fraser Valley to Vancouver.
The farmer tries to sell his labor-
power in the form of turnips and fruit
and finds that he, too, is often a wage
slave without a master. The farms
in the United States are becoming capitalized and the result is the small
farmer Is being crowded out. Many
are coming to Canada and many are
coming to Socialism.
The  Pioneer  Speculator.
The great majority of men who
come here and take up land have no
intention of farming. Their worldly
possessions usually consist of a half
interest in a small tent, a couple of
pahs of blankets, some tools and tin
cooking utensils. The upper class of
pioneer would have in addition a
couple of cayuses for carrying thebv
outfits. Many coming here are looking for work or a "grub stake" to prospect for minerals or land. There are
Borne broken-down wage-slaves from
the cities and occasionally a clerk, and
the latter Is the most helpless and useless of all of them.
The greater portion of the land in
any way fit for agriculture is already
held by corporations and at present
pre-emptions are being abandoned as
rapidly as they are being taken up.
The greater number of men buying or
homesteading land expect to sell out
before long at fancy prices. According to the statements of these landowners there will be a continuous succession of towns along the line of
railroad, and the engineers have located the road through each of their
ranches.
A few days ago I talked to the
proud possessor of one of these
"farms." I enquired what was growing on his ranch. His reply was:
"Mostly poplar, with some birch and
scattered balsams and jack-pine, with
a fine crop of skunk cabbage along the
creek." This pioneer had met bad
luck. He had built a cabin of young
poplar, and ln the process had eaten
up all his canned goods. His cayuse
not being satisfied with a continuous
diet of skunk cabbage and poplar
bark, had chewed off its tether and
escaped to greener fields, while its
owner had "hoofed" the 160 miles to
Hazleton to look for a job. He said he
was also "looking for a sucker to buy
him out. but it was a poor run this
year and they were not biting good."
Another young man has a pre-emption and comes from Oregon. Said he
was "holding her down till the railway
came and then he would sell out to
some tenderfoot, leave the damn desert and go south to God's country."
Just an hour ago I talked to a
young man and his wife from Idaho.
He had been over the country and
says that the last part of April he
crossed Fraser Lake on the Ice with
a horse team and that "Bulkley Valley
should be termed Bulkley Canyon."
He is returning home and will warn
his friends to keep away from "the
rich farm lands along the G. T. P."
Capitalism   In   Its   Last  Stage.
The promoters of the G. T. P. probably know their road will never earn
a dividend. The land sharks and their
press partners probably know that
there Ib neither land nor markets for
farming along the G. T. P. In British
Columbia, for British Columbia is still
a "Sea of mountains," far north, and
of high altitude. The mining syndicates -which are opening up copper
propositions fifty and sixty miles from
the route of the G. T. P. never intend
shipping ore and probably know they
will never have producing mines. They
are all after the same thing—"suckers;" but when "Buckers" in turn become fishers and the public becomes
wise to the game, the game must end,
and what then?
The attempt to organize a bloody
conflict between the workers of England and Germany, the building of
Dreadnoughts and of worthless railroads and canals are buf^attempts to
blind the public to the approaching
crisis and to prolong the rule of capitalism.
Marx foresaw that With the coming
of the trusts and the closing of foreign
markets as dumping grounds for surplus value, opportunities for Industrial
enterprise would gradually vanish and
capitalism would reach Its final stage
and enter a delirium of blind, frantic
speculation.
On every hand we see today the
marks of degeneracy in the ruling
class. Wage slavery Is today a thing
devoid of soul, of heaK, even of brain
—"an organized appetite" only.
Today Marxian Socialism stands out
clearer and stronger than ever, while
the Utopian dreams of those "evolutionary" Socialists who believe in
"government" ownership "step at a
time" fades away. The workers alone
are physically, mentally and morally
capable of directing our Boclal life.
They must capture the reins of power.
"Workers of the world, unite; you
have nothing but your chains to lose;
you have a world'to gain."
PLATFORM
Socialist Patty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to tbe producers lt should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights ln the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which'ls cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at tbe point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure It by political action. This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering tbe public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property in tbe means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system is abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party is for it; if it will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
itself to conduct all the public affairs placed ln Its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
50c per year
Two for a dollar
SPECIALLY FINE FOR PROPAGANDA  WORK.
Six months 26c.
Published at Cowansville, P.O.   *
IP YOU HAVE
UKRAINIAN
neighbors,   send  for a bundle of
"Robatchy, Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
The works of Spencer, Inger-
soll, Huxley, Darwin, Blatchford,
Paine, Haeckel, Laing and other
great writers. By mall for IS and
SI cents.   Send for cataloguetto
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
WANTED. Every Socialist and
Unionist to take Shares Brandon
Labor Temple Co. Capital $15,-
000 in $1.00 shares, payable in 4
monthly instalments. Write for
prospectus. E. Fulcher, Box 673,
Brandon, Man.
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone lending a aketch end deacrlntlnri nut?
quickly uncertain cur opinion free whether an
Invention le probably patentable. Communications atrtctlycnnlldetitlnl. HANDBOOK on Patent*
lent free. Olileit airency for aecurlnit patents,
I'nteiita taken through Munn St Co. receive
•pedal notice, without charge, in the
ScientificAmerican.
A handsomely lllev.tra.ted weekly. Largest clr-
cnlattou of any aclenllOo Journal. Terms, S8 a
year: f our motitba, SL Bold by all newsdealers.
" "„.3»'Br"ii«>-New York
mce, Ot r St, W*jMn«ton. D.C. "
THE 8.
BUTTON.
Price,'each -    10c
To^Locals five for S2.00.  Apply to your
Provincial Secretary.
WANTED-Mineri to keep away
from the Nicola Valley, u the
strike is still on.
d. «. McDonald.
President.
aPHfltiPMiy
tnijnnnnnnjnny    JAniraWt
10 palled for 10c: MO fortuS; l.OOOroTlBloo;
CKARLE* H. KERR A. CO.
IBS Kintla Straat, "
laslmple.eon
ttr—t, Chl«a«e,
■gg 	
III.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Stands for a Living Wage
Vancouver Local 357. '    • • \ 566
TO
(J If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and Woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give yon an estimate of cost of
installing the gae pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.

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