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Western Clarion Jun 26, 1909

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Array THIS IS
HOMBEB
533.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, June 26, 1909.
subscription Price
PSK VlU
si.oe
THE FARMER
AND HIS LAND
The Value of Farms Determined by the Necessary Social Labor Expended in Making Them Farms.
FROM THE TOP BUNK.
We saw last week that the farmers,
like most other producers, could not
consume the social equivalent of their
products. We saw that they, too, had
to deliver to capitalist property owners all above what they did not actually require. With the advent of Socialism, they, with all other expropriate
; ed laborers, will receive as nearly as
possible that which they  produce.
Hut on and after the revolution,
what will become of their property
1-ust week I maintained that Ihe fanners' properly was not capital, and it
Is capital which Is to be transformed
by the social revolution. The basis
upon which'soclety can exist, is. that
those who use the powerful machinery of modern times must own It. So
long as It Is owned by those who do
not use it, so long shall we have panics and unemployment, and as these
Intensify as capitalism develops, they
must ere long become unbearable.
The tools of production are laid idle
for a longer period the more powerful
they become, and the enforced idleness among men increases, so that this
social relation fetters production. The
economic base is changed. "There begins an epoch of social revolution"
during which not only will Ihe social
relationship between man and the
machinery of production change, but
all prevailing customs, laws, conceptions of rigiu and wrong, morality and
Immorality, etc., will be more or less
rapidly revolutionized.
The farmers' property, Insofar as
it is not capital, does not therefore
fetter production and consequently
will not necessarily undergo transformation. To assume that the farmer's land will be taken from him would
be as absurd as to claim the lot upon
which Ihe wage earner's house is built.
The "Old Man" pointed out a short
time since the folly of buying our
freedom. The modern wage worker,
who buys a farm, really makes an attempt at purchasing his freedom. Generally speaking, he buys it on the instalment plan, and sometimes completes the purchase by the time he Is
ready for "the noiseless bed of rest."
More frequently he gets "back to the
mines."
Similarly if he goes into business
he makes an attempt to "become independent." To become free. If he
hires a few men in the busy season
and pays them miserable wages he
does not get the benefit, for he is
rarely in a more comfortable house
and rarely possesses much more in
actually owned property than a skilled
wage slave. This could not possibly
be so If he got all he produced himself and something which his hired
hands produced.
But he is favored in this respect,
that, providing his farm is free from
mortgage, which Is what I mean by
actual owned property, he may realize as the country develops, a considerable sum of money through his land
rising in value. This would not be
the case under Socialism.
That makes Mr. Farmer pick up his
ears, therefore an examination of*the
source of that value will be in order.
Marx discusses the land question in
volume HI. of "Capital," but as it is
not yet to hand in English I have not
the benefit of his analysis. Nevertheless in volume I. he gives a hint sufficiently broad to enable us to use his
method to some advantage in the
farmers' question. He says in volume I. that labor "has itself no value"
and that the expression, "value of
labor," Is similar to value of the earth,
which is imaginary. Remember, he is
sneaking of exchange value. Where-
fpr then does land fetch such large
prices? Before inquiring into that,
let us examine the "no value" theory
of land..
Labor creates value. It is the
amount of labor necessary to produce
which determines values. Land requires no labor, to produce it, nor does
air, nor Water. We can see at a
glance t^at air and ocean, have no
value. We never find any one buying
chunks of ocean or chunks of air.
Yet they are just 'as useful and air is
just as essential as land, tbey are
valueless notwithstanding. There is
more value in a pin than there is In
ocean or air, and no one would give
a pin for all the air and ocean possess-
able. Because it costs something to
prcduee a pin, human labor, and it
costs absolutely nothing to produce
all' and ocean or land.
Whence the price of land, then? In
its power to act as an agent in extracting surplus value from those who produce. Land Is not created by labor,
but farms are. .Most economists have
dealt with the land question; and
Henry George did so particularly.
He at once seized upon (his fact In
his attempt to excuse the profits of
Ihe capitalist class. A house requires
human labor to build it; the capitalist
who furnished the material and the
workmen who furnished the labor
force are each entitled to their share,
but the rent paid, that is robbery and
should be turned over to ihe state, according to George.
Farms are created by labor and have
therefore exchange value, and insofar
as a farmer had improved his land, in
planting fruit trees, manuring,' draining, irrigating or clearing, so would he
be entitled to equivalent under a Socialist form of production. Hut at the
present time he sometimes gets more
than that equivalent. He is not alone
in this, for the city dweller sometimes
finds his lot has advanced considerably
in price.
Let lis take a common occurrence
in Western Canada in order to discover the source of this enhanced
price. A number of Individuals settle
say in Winnipeg about 1860. In 1870
this town had a population of 215.
Land could be had around there for
settling on It. There being no railroad, considerable labor was necessary
to transport produce to the market;
land was cheap. A railroad comes
through, less labor Is required to
transport the fruit of the soil, and land
goes up In price. Winnipeg being a
trading port and having been Belected
as such owing to certain advantages,
becomes a centre of transportation;
in 1902 has a population of 48,000, and
five years later, 111,000. The once
virgin soil, which could be had for
taking, now has a fabulous value, because most of the produce of the West
must necessarily pass that way, and
through capitalist property, elevators,
cold storage, factories, etc., and capitalist properly must have something
to stand on, and that something is
land. Land being privately owned and
limited therefore increases in price In
proportion to Its proximity to the
market. Land performs the same
function in production as the ocean
does, or as the air may do; it gives
capitalist properly a place to rest
upon. But it does not produce as such,
any more than the ocean. The ocean
carries capitalist property in the form
of ships. The land carries it in the
form of factories, railroads, mining
machinery, etc. No tribute is paid for
the use of the ocean, but a tribute is
paid for the use of the land. Nevertheless the ownerB of ocean-using
property, while paying no tribute,
have no advantage over other capitalists because of the "average rate of
profit" which operates In all exploiting
property. They do of course pay some
tribute at some landing stages, but
not very often, as most sea coast
has to have considerable labor applied to it, in order to prepare it for
a wharf. With the growth of Yflnnl-
peg or any other city, certain pieces
of land become fulcrums upon which
the lever of capitalist property may
rest, and have more weight ln raising
the surplus value obtainable. The
price paid for land, therefore, is the
price of this extra rate of exploitation
in the case of its being used try factories, etc., and ln the case of its being used for, dwelling houses, etc.. It is
Whenever the subject of politics
comes up for discussion there is but
one view-point for a workingman to
look from, and that Is that practically
from the time of his birth to the time
of his death he labors for nothing but
his bare living—yet he enriches
others.
* »   *
In proportion as his body and muscles harden,  his  mind  and  brain  become sluggish and inert.
»   *   »
All intellectual treats are denied him
and his; even the bodily comfort of
an assured home and the certain
means  of  maintaining it.
• •
For a life-time of heart-breaking
toil and uncertainty, be is rewarded
Willi poverty, a maimed body and
anxiety as to what will become of the
"missus" and kids when he can no
longer hold his end up with the other
fellows and the boss notices it.
• •    *
If he is not too fatigued to think, he
knows that one man's time is no more
valuable than another's ;K nnd this being the one thing equal in all men who
are lit to work, he will know that if
he had what he is entitled to, ho and
his class would be the wealthy class.
• •   *
And being the only useful class—the
only decent class—the only class that
society cannot do without, that would
be as it should be.
>      •   •   •
Every generation is more revolutionary and more difficult to keep in subjection; every year brings "our"
statesmen and rulers more and more
[ embarrassing problems to eolve. Ev-
j ery new labor-displacing device reduces the number of workers employed, while increasing the output, it decreases the purchasing power of the
home market and swamps the foreign. There can only be one upshot
to It all—a social revolution.
• *   *
A telegram to the Mailed Fist from
Zeppelin to get ready for him as he
would arrive at the Tempelhof, Berlin, in his air ship, was all that was
necessary to fool the Lord o' War. He
turned out the whole garrison and
spent the day and night star gazing
until 10 p. m. It finally dawned upon
his intelligence that someone was
pulling his royal leg.
\ •   « •
The account said "Bill" was in a
right royal rage with the walloper—
whoever; he was—who dared to place
His Majesty in the centre of the stage
to receive the merry ha-ha!
• •   •
It is not known as yet whether he
uttered anything historical upon this
most memorable occasion. Here's
hoping they don't get the joker, anyhow.
• *   *
Also reports fall to say whether
there was any snickering among his
doughty warriors as they wender their
way home to bed towards 11 o'clock at
night.
• *   *
By my halidom but t'was a scurvy
trick to put upon one so Divinely appointed as His Royal Foolishness—
that spectacular accident—Kaiser Bill!
• *    •
"His master's voice"—a nasty, long
drawn-out screech on a steam whistle
THE FO'C'S'LE BARRISTER.
A MANIFESTO TO
MARITIME WORKERS
Organizer Gribble Calls Upon
cipation Under the Red
Them to Organize for trman*
Banner of Their Class. -
LESSONS FROM THE PARIS STRIKE
A Clear Illustration of the Value of Political Power and the
Futility of "Direct Action."
The unfortunate end of the Paris
Postal strike is pregnant with meaning
for the working class. It shows in the
first place, the stupidity or worse, of
those who. Identify nationalism with
Socialism. The Clarion folk repeatedly confuse their readers In this way.
Blachford does so In his "Britain for
the British," and the passage re-appears at intervals in the Clarion. Now
Suthers, also of the Clarion, again
openly Identifies the two opposites as
ns one and the same thing on May
28th, in No. 48 of his "Points for Social-
Ism." Yet the postal strike once more
has shown that not only are the capitalists equally keen on exploiting the
workers whether through private Industry or through the State, which
they control, but also that the spread
of nationalisation may, while the capitalists are in power, spell a decrease in
the economic and political liberties of
the workers. Thus Instead of nationalization being a step towards Socialism it may well be
the price of rent. The amount of
money obtainable by Interest from
capitalist property, and the amount
obtainable by' rent from land over a
given number of years determines the
price of rent, or land, if you will have
it so.
Now to get back to the fanner.
When he sells his farm he gets paid
for his improvements if they are socially necessary, and the natural advantages it offers to the buyer. But
very rarely can he live out his life on
Ihe proceeds of the sale, so he must
needs Invest his money and seek
work elsewhere, a difficult job. Under
Socialism while he would not be able
to' sell his land for the price of its
rate of exploitation, there being no
exploitation, he naturally would not
be exploited. Not being exploited, he
would not require to toll so long and
live so niggardly as at present. It is
not at all likely that farming would
be carried on as at present, but a
change In farm production is not absolutely necessary for the revolutionizing of Industry. We say the restoration of the tools to the owner Is heces-'
sary, the farmer owns his tools. If
he wishes to sell or if it be bought
from him, he will get paid for the
labor employed In Improvement, not
because of acts of Parliament, but of
economic laws.
J. H.
...    A   Step   Towards   Serfdom.
Nationalized industry cannot be Socialism until the workers are the masters of the State, otherwise it Is but
State exploitation. Hence Ihe class
struggle is extremly important. The
concentration of Industry by trust and
State will go on whether the workers
will it or not, so that the whole available energy of the workers is needed
for the conquest of political power;
for then, and then only, can nationalization be Socialism.
The failure of the Parisian, postal
employees has also illustrated the fact
that on the economic field the capitalist class is becoming increasingly the
stronger. Trade unions grow in numbers and federate ever more closely,
but industry concentrate and capitalists combine even more quickly, and
certainly with more economic power.
Every year tels ils tale of an increasing number of strikes decided against
the toilers, and every year sees a worsening of labor conditions. Trade
unions, to bo effective, must comprise
all workers who are willing to resist
the encroachments of capital, and not.
as some would have lt, revolutionaries
only. Conflict on the economic Held
is inevitable, nevertheless trade unionism can only be a brake on the downward trend of capitalist conditions.
The Folly of "Direct" Action.
Yet there are some who. because the
politicians of the bourgeoisie do not
work for working class lntfeats, condemn even genuine working-class politics, and talk stupidly of "direct" revolutionary action. In general these
individuals have had no trade union
experience, but have rushed from an
anti-trade union attitude into the futile
extreme of Industrialism. They preach
working-class emancipation by means
of a general strike that is to "take
and hold" the means of productloa and
overturn the capitalist State. This
they call "direct action." The Idea of
replacing political methods by the
"r-r-revoluflonary" general strike Is in
decline in every country in which It
was lately prominent. Such is the poverty of their case that they are reduced
to claiming all trade union activity as
"direct action," even when It has no
political action whatever. Thus they
try to make it appear that the critic of
their anarchistic proposals condemns
all economic action and is a blackleg!
(Continued on Page 4)
To the Workingmen and    Women   of
Nova  Scotia and  New Brunswick:
Fellow Workers.—My reason for addressing you is the following:
I hare been called upon by the
political party of the working class
the Socialist Party of Canada, to
leave my trade temporarily to act
as organizer in this part of Canada.
I will presume I am talking to normal men and women who wish and
appreciate the good things of life, good
food, good houses, good clothing,—
who would like to be able to gratify
their various tastes for what are called the higher things of life, music, art,
literature, or, It may be, amusement
and sports of various kinds; men and
women who are prepared to do their
share as useful citizens, who have no
desire to avoid doing their share in the
social production of to-day, who, in a
word, wish to get their own living by
their own labor, working as short
hours as necesary with this object and
having the rest of their time to spend
In whatever manner their judgment
dictates; men and women who are
sick of the present state of things,
with the uncertaintity of employment,
with the fear of the future ever before
them, with the numberless social Ills
of present day society pressing even
harder and harder upon the backs of
the working class; men and women
who love their children, ami wish them
to have a belter time in the years to
come than they had in the years that
are gone, and are prepared If they can
see a way to bring about a social system under which this will not only be
possible, but certain, to help in whal
Is clearly their work. i
That is the only kind of men and
women for which this is being written, and if anyone reads this that is
not of this type, they will save time
by stopping reading right now, as the
Socialist Party has no message for
them, but only for real men and
women.
The Socialist Party Is composed of
those who have realized that there Is
no hope for the working class in the
old political parties, that it is necessary for that class to have Its own
party controlled by the working class
and standing on its interests alone.
I am not going to attempt to give
an exposition of Socialism as a whole
in an article of this length, the vast-!
ness of the subject makes that Im-I
possible.—I will just attempt to make'
a few points lo enlist your interest
and prompt In you a little unprejudiced '
BtUdy; If 1 succeed In doing that I am I
certain of the* result, which will be,
that you will be shortly playing your
part in some way to help bring the
good time lhat Is surely, surely, coming, ns many hope and as I personally
feel assured is coming before long.
This is a world of plenty, no one
wishing to be thought sane will deny
this; the raw materials from which
wealth Is produced are practically In-
exhaustable. There Is fertile land
from which to produce food in abundance for all the human race, there are
coal mines which can supply coal
sufficient for thousands of years to
come, this is without taking Into consideration the beds of coal yet to be
discovered; with Intelligent forestry
we need never run short of lumber
for all purposes, ln short, there are
raw materials In abundance from
which every kind of useful thing can
be produced by human labor.
More than this, there is already
wealth ln abundance In existence for
the Immediate requirements of the
race, so much so that we have what
is called "overproduction.''
Now let us see what Is meant by
"overproduction," can it mean anything else than "too much production."
Too much produced for us to use .it,
Is that your case? Is your larder so
full that you are puzzled what to
choose out of the good things there
for your next meal? Is your wardrobe
so replete   that   you    hardly    know
which suit or costume to wear from
time to time? Have your boys and
girls got all that you would like them .
to have in the way of good clothing,
good food, toys and edueatiopji advantages? '^W
Have you got any part agSttat
which is overproduced? HAW you
any share in the present superfluity?
Over-production! Does that mean se
much produced that it cannot be used?
Come, now couldn't YOU use a little
more? Sure you could! That's so?
Then you are the sort we want to
talk to. No, we are not giving things
away, you see we are in the same fix ■
as yourselves, we could use more than
we have, and we know the things we
would like are in existence, or the
raw materials from which to produce
them by our own labor; we know that
there is Borne way of getting hold ol
these good things and more than that,
we know that way.
Why don't we go ahead then? We
are going ahead, we are getting stronger all the time, but we are not yet
strong enough so we come to you
whose interests are ours who belong -
to the working class the same as ourselves, to tell you it is up to you a»
much as to us.
The term "over-production" as com'
monly used, simply means this, there
is   more   produced   than  can   be  sold
and   the   reason   this   happens   from■•   "■
time to time is this: —
The  workers sell  their  labor-power,
(when   they  have  got  a  job),  for  a■•
price called wages.  This price is never
equal to the value they produce by the i -.,
exercise of that labor power.   On an..
average the workers on this continent
produce five times the value of their •   .
own wages; that Is, they get one dol-    ,
lar for  what is sold  on  the  market
for five dollars.   It's a very easy sum.
It stands to reason that when they
take  that dollar on  the  market they,   •
can   buy  only  a  dollar's   worth,  that
leaves four dollars' worth they have
(Continued on'Page 2)
THINGS  TO   REMEMBER.
The class war is the Holy Ghost
of the Revolution.
* •    •
Tho strength of an association lies
not in ihe .numerical cypher of the
elements of which it is composed, but
in the honingennusness of IheBe elements; In the perfect accordance of
Its members as to the path to be followed, and the certainty that the mq-
nii'ni of action will find them ranged
in a compact phalanx, strong In reciprocal triiBt and bound together by
unity of will beneath a common banner.
• •    •
Capitalism is International.
Wage slavery  Ib international.
The class war is International,
* *     *
How to be Sappy, though working,
is the workmen's "riddle of the universe." ,
• •    •
The modern pirate class not only
makes Ub victims walk the plank; It
compels them to make it.
* • •
Humility, patience and submission
are no longer virtues. We must teach
our class to own themselves. Some
of the comrades complain that we an'
tagonlze by attacking religious organizations. Listen, mark and Inwardly
digest the following utterance of the
Rev. R. J. Campbell, the I. L. P. fakir:
"I am not going out of the Socialist
movement. My brother Socialist clergy are not going out either. It is tha
materialists who must go out, or
rather, to put It In a better way, the
materialist spirit must   get    out   ot
them."
• » •
Don't be cock-eyed when you argua
about religion. Socialism Ib built
upon the materialistic conception uA
history.
LESTQR. TWO
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
8ATURDAY, JUNE 2i, 1S09.
h Western tan
rnbUshed every Saturday by the
■oolalist Party of Canada, at the Office
«t th* Western Clarion, Flaok Blook
BMement, 165 Eastings Street, Vancouver, B 0.
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In making remittance by cheque, ex
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But what boots it to show the blind?
Let Local Option come. Let all our
reforms come and be done with. The
sooner Ihe stock of red herrings is exhausted the better. At least there Is
one pack of hounds that are hunting
with noses to Ihe ground and who are
by no means to be turned aside from
the bloody trail of the beast Capital;
who know no rest nor stay till he Is
torn from his lair and the working'
clans is freed of the galling yoke of ils
masters and the petty tyranny of their
servants.
The world for the workers, nothing
less shall serve us.
POLITICAL  MOVEMENTS.
Til  WESTERN CLARION,
836. Vancouver, B. C.
534
Watch the label on your paper.    If this number is on it,
Most people have no political opin
Ions of Ihelr own. True, around election time they make "great argument
about It and about" In the belliger
ently opinlonative manner common to
those afflicted with a "diarrhoea of
words and a constipation of ideas.'
The opinions they express on these
occasions are, however, not their own
your subacription expires the j and have little or nothing to do with
nest issue. 1 determining on which side their votes
—i   |°bp'l be cast, for generally they pick
SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1909. their candidate first and then hunt up,
i       .     m, — ■ ■ or have handed to them by the "mould
ers of public opinion" of their party
an assortment of arguments and rea
sons (?) to prove that that is the can
didate they should have picked.
In the matter of choosing their particular candidates the most of the voters are influenced by various weighty
considerations.    Some vote  one  way
RED HERRING SEASON.
RunrSr hath it that the B. C. Provincial elections will be pulled off this
fall, and indications are not wanting
that, on this occasion, rumor hath
the correct dope.    The henchmen of
the capitalist   parlies   are  abroad  in , ,.   , .   ,,,„ „   , ,,,     ,    .   ,
£j,    •       ", ... .        | because that is the way they have been
accustomed   to   vote,   others   because
the ,land seuichiHg out the places
wMfljijfthey may to the best advau-
taJsfaiiBt their bread upon the walers
that^fonay return witli many votes.
Politicians are now full of promise
and are discovering a surprising keen- i
nees in the perception of the wants of
the various communities in the matter of roads, bridges, ditches, wharves,
dredges and such like devices and desires dear to the heart of the ruralite.
Such being the case it behooves
the Socialists to be girding up their
loins for the fray and to be gathering together as speedily as possible
the wherewithal lo meet the hundred
dollar fines imposed upon them for
their temerity in running candidates
•t their class.
The red herring is also being prepared to trail across the path of the
workers and lead them off the scent
of their enemies. "A White Canada"
will no longer serve. It was drawn
aeross the trail at the last elections
and served its purpose well, for the
workers are as green as the historic
peach which ln an orchard grew for
the especial beatification of Johnny
Jones and his sister Sue. Both the old
parties declared themselves for a
White Canada and no one can complain that the pledge was not redeemed to the letter, for lt snowed
to beat the band last winter.
In the coming campaign a new issue
will be at stake. For lo these many
moons the social and moral reform-
era have been going up and down the
land from Dan to Bersheba and from
Sooke to the Crow doing their nias-
tera' work in arousing the goodly and
tbe godly against the liquor traffic.
So "Local Option" Is evidently destined to be the Issue between the
two old parties. As both parties will
of a certitude declare for Local Op-
1 {ton tbe real point in despute will be
as to which of them should be the
chosen Instrument to deliver us from
tbe wiles of the Demon Rum and turn
ns over to the tender seductions of
blessed Pcruna. To thirsty souls who
have dire foreboding of the drought
tn store for us, there may be a grain
ot comfort in the knowledge that Peru-
na carries 17 per cent, mote alcohol
than does Scotch.
Local Option is apparently, with
quaint humor, so-called, because lt
alms lo leave us no option in the matter of beverages, but delivers us strait-
iackcttcd to our brothers who are appointed, divinely, doubtless, in be our
keepers.
FROM   THE   PRAIRIES.
they voted the other way on a previous occasion and consider it a good
plan to change over. Some vote for
a "good man" and others against a
bad one. Some vote for a pecuniary
consideration and some for a promise.
Some vote one way because so and
so is voting that way and he's alright
and some because so and so is voting the other way and he's no good.
And a very great number of the most
Intelligent vote as if they were betting on a dog fight, they back the candidate who they think is most likely
to win, as they have evolved out of! per day
Comrade Editor-
It was a busy time with the farmers,
yet I had a fine meeting at Harris,
Sask. Met a lot of fine comrades and
organized a Local with 13 charter
members.
About 7,000 people have gathered in
Saskatoon in the last few years. Each
Socialist thought he was the only one
in town. I was successful in getting
a number of them acquainted with
aach other und some day they will
organize.
While the nights were yet very cold,
a cement building retained the heat
from a fire which had burnt a neighboring building during the day. Four
unemployed took a lean on the warm
wall, hoping to have a comfortable
night's sleep, but their dreams were
disturbed by the ixillce. One was
fined $3.00 (all he hadl and given one
hour to get out of town; the other
three not having any visible means of
support, were each given 30 days' hard
labor in Prince Albert jail. The foxes
have holes and the birds have.nests,
but the son of man hath nowhere to
lay his head.
We hear so much about how rapidly
the G. T. P. is being built, but the
fact is everything is shui down, even
construction work. No steel has been
laid for months, and there Is nothing
to indicate that they are going to get
busy. Not only were most wage
slaves deceived by that wave of prosperity, but many big and little capitalists bit off more than they could
chew.
As a proof that the capitalists are
the only people that could administer
to the requirements of modern civilization, we have three railroads running
almost side by side and hundreds of
miles of territory on either side of
them without a railroad at all.
About May 26th a C. P. R. extra
gang at Wetaskiwin went on strike
and demanded a raise in wages from
$1.50 to $1.75 per day. The local
management promised if they would
go to work it would be adjusted on
June 1st. On that date the local management got Instructions to discharge
all men who would not work for $1.50
Socialist Directory
#jBr"" Kvery Local of tbe Socialist Party ol I LOCAL PORT MOODY, B, C, NO. 41
Canada should run a card under this head g* ?• °* 0.—Business meetings 'first
,1.00  per month.      Secretaries please note. ie'oMlLv.VrfVS^i   c\'    V'   Hul1'
their infinite wisdom the theory that,
if they happen to cast their votes for
the candidate that gets left, they lose
their votes, that Is to say they do not
count in swaying the destinies of the
Empire.
These all are the people who furnish the reason for existence of editors, spell-binders, heelers and the
rest of the electioneering machinery
of the various political parties. Their
votes count. Otherwise, having no
political opinions, they are a negligible quantity, and, accordingly, are
neglected after election day. In the
great game of politics these are not
the players but the pieces.
Those who play the game can be
lined up in two great political camps.
On the one hand Greater Capitalism,
on the other Socialism. The old party
alignments are merely traditional. At
one time they represented conflicting
interests. Today Liberalism and Conservatism, Republicanism and Democracy, are mere names to conjure
with, and as meaningless as Abracadabra.
Greater Capitalism Is the political
force that rules the world today. By
virtue of their superiority in the industrial field, the great capitalists are
absolute masters of the machinery ot
legislation. Intrenched upon the rock
of things-as-they-are, their position is
absolutely impregnable against the
puny assaults of the Reactionaries,
who, finding themselves being crushed out of existence, desire a return
to things as they were, or of the Reformers, who. feeling themselves oppressed, would remodel things aa they
ought to be.
Whichever of the two old parlies Is
"In power," Greater Capitalism controls. The struggle between these two
parties Is not a struggle for mastery,
but  for  Jobs;   not  for the  power  to
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,
Socialist Purty of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D, Q. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 83G, Vancouver,
B   C.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Kxecutlve Committee, Socialist Party
nf Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box  836,  Vancouver,   B.  C.
ALBERTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday hi
Labor Hall, Klghth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box   >i     Calgary, Alta.
MANITOBA      PROVINCIAL       EXECU-
tlve Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, il. u . James, 326 Hargt&ve st
Winnipeg,  Man.
rule, but   for Ihe privilege of serving
I'0.C.!!.0l'tl?" '" Cl84r]y f°'' °m' bT" »'p K'™1 capitalists.   Neither change
of   policy  nor   principle  Is   involved,
but merely a change of servants.
Hence either party will bid for the
support of every section of the community  and  will  Identify  itself with
fit, fellow slaves and sinners, for
there Ib no mention or curtailing the
inebriety of our betters. Whenever
Local Option shall have turned our
beastly rum shops into ice-cream par-
A comrade ia a C. P. R. extra gang
In southern Alberta writes to thank
me for my reply In the Clarion to the
smart boys. He Informs me that I am
mistaken about the price of board;
that now it is only $4.25. He adds:
"In three weekB I have cleared $6.35
and I am lucky to have that much."
Twice I have heard our comradeB,
Mr. and Mrs. Lestor. They do not
pretend to know it all, but the comrades who miss hearing them miss a
treat, and I do not mean that they
hare missed a chance to be amused
or entertained. Our comrades do not
try to test the buttons on the waistcoats of this audience by having them
bubbling over with mirth. On the
contrary, without any regard for conventionality, style or stage performance, they fearlessly tear the cloak
of hypocrisy and superstition from
capitalist society and lay bare to their
audience the economic facts. Success
to you, Comrades Lestor and to all
other comrades of your courage.
C. M. O'BltlEN.
Cheer up! the worst Is yet to come:
Now what Is the matter?   You know
something is the matter.
To be brief, you cannot buy all yo 1
produce because you don't ge> enough
wages, your masters, no mutes r how
extravagant and luxurious, cannot nse
It all up, and with foreign markets falling cannot sell if all. Not being able to
sell the product of labor ol oil ihe
working class, they will naturally
only employ those for whose prouucl
they can find a market. The rest have
lost or are losing ttyelr jobs and hav
to walk about In want looking Dir
fresh jobs In the very shadow of the
abundance of their own labor lins
Created, competing with those still employed for their jobs, and In many
cases cutting under them by working
for lower wages, the workers they displace taking the turn at the heart-
sickening search for work and In time
displacing the workers that displaced
them by working for still lower wages.
Wake up, workers, you have courage,
you have shown it in many a battle
for your masters sake. You have
courage, you have shown it in many
a desperate strike for better conditions. Stick to your unions, yon union
men, it Is a union man who is talking
to you, hold what you can by means
of them, but I want to tell you that the
day of successful strikes is gone; you
should know this if you have given
the subject any study. There is a better
way than putting your cents against
the capitalists dollars. Stop matching pennies and start matching votes.
Tile strength of your masters lies in
their possession of the powers of
government, given to them by the
votes of the working class.
Both Liberal and Conservative par
ties stand for the Capitalist class
They are but wings of the same bird
of prey—capitalism.
Their only quarrel is as to who shall
hold the workers down while the capitalists skin them. Put men ,men of
our own class into parliament, pledged
to stand In the interests of the work-
class alone; keep sending more and
more until you have enough in parliament to change the ownership of the
means of production from the idlers to
the workers.
Then, and not till then will you have
the right to work, then, and not till
then, will you have security of employment, short hours and many other
things you can only dream of now,
then and not till then will you have
a life worth living. With the workers
In possesion of the earth, a vast storehouse the key to which is human labor,'want will be unknown. This is
no dream, but just plain, common
sense,   a   demonstrable   fact.    What
Is to prevent the workers, when they  *«"& ffffiSRaoP^WM &
Secretary. Port Moody, B. c.
£OOAL REVELSTOKE, B. C, NO. 7, S.
P. of C. Propaganda and business
meeting,, at S p. m., the fourth Thursday nt each month ln lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. P. Gayman
Secretary;   W.  W. Lefeaux,  Organizer.
LOCAL NELSON, S. P. OP C, MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A; Austin, Secy.
ONTARIO   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee.    Meets in Finnish Hall, -14
Adelaide St., Toronto, on  2nd  and 4th
Wednesday.      Organizer,,   \V.   Gribble
134    Hogarth    Ave.,    Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary,   w   P'<Ie A\e..
Toronto.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, NO.  1,  8.  P.  OP
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
!■".  Perry. Secretary, Box S30.
LOCAL VICTORIA,  NO. 2,  S.  P.  OF C.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.
\V. G. McCluskey, Secretary, Box 770.
LOCAL PHOENIX, NO. 8, B.  P.  OP C.
meeta every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., la
Miners Hall. James Carson, Organizer; John Appleby, Secy.
LOCAL CALOART, ALTA., NO. 4, 8. P.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
blghth Ave. 1C. tnear postofflce). Club
and Reading Room. McTavlsh Block.
1817 Second St. E. Opposite Imperial Heel
M. Hyatt, Secy.; I Hyatt, Organ,
zer,   Box 647,   Calgary    Alta.
LOCAL BELLEVUE, ALTA., NO. 13,  «.
P of C, meets every lirst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C.  Stubbs,  Secy.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     t.
Meets every Sunday night In tha
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  NO.  1,  S.
P. of c. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m., ln Trades and Labor Hall,
1'ourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrle,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
The capitalist press can arouse the
working class up to such a pitch of
excitement that they will gladly take
guns and go forth to kill and maim
their fellows at the bidding and for
the sole benefit of their capitalist masters. Yet strange to say, If you casually suggest to these same workers
that lt may be necessary some time
in the near future for them to shoulder
a gun and do a little shooting for
THEIR OWN benefit, It almost makes
them throw a fit. However, It Is pleasing to note that an ever Increasing
number of slaves are getting wise,
thanks lo the Influence of the Socialist
press.
MANIFESTO TO
MARITIME WORKERS
(Continued from Page 1)
lore and the drugstores into dispensaries, the Hotel Vancouver, the Canadian Club, [he bar in the Parliament
Baildings, et al. will still be found doing business at the old stands. And
who shall dispute the wisdom of It?
Is not a sober workman much more
to be desired than a drunken one? As
for our masters, as they toil not,
neither do they spin, what odds if they
be drunk or sober?
So sobriety holds out to us the alluring prospect of being better slaves.
Also tbey tell us we shall be fatter
any popular movement, or, If no popular movement exists, will Invent one.
Once elected, neither party need remember Its platform and pledges. It
has got the job.
In the Dominion the Liberal party-
has the job; In British Columbia, the
Conservative. What difference is
there in their policies? What has become of their platforms and pledges?
Their actions are Identical; they are
carrying out the unwritten platform
of their masters which calls for further and more complete control of the
slaves, but  believe them not.    Look j resources of the earth and the machln-
upon our Mongolian and Aryan broth- ery of production.
era, how sober they are and how excessively lean. To-day, by virtue of
the fact that the majority of us Insist
that drink shall be Included ln our
standard of living, the sober minority
may save or enjoy the price of thirst.
But when we become all sober, per-
foree, the cost of maintaining a thirst
will be struck off the wage scale and
•ur standard of living will be by that
much reduced.
Opposed to this is the Socialist
movement, the movement of the workers, whose platform calls for control
by the workers of the means of production. As lt seeks, not place, but
power, the Socialist Party cannot
gam Its ends by bidding for support
for only when lt Is carrying out the
will of the workers can lt have the
power to carry out Its program and
break the rule of capital.
produced but cannot buy. What becomes of the surplus? Well, the capitalists, their masters, dispose of a
goodly part of lt, using up a lot personally and turning a good deal into
new capital, but the workers produce
so much that the capitalists cannot
dispose of it all In these ways so what
becomes of the rest of the surplus?
During the late lamented "period of
unexampled prosperity" a fairly ready
sale was found for this in "foreign
markets" that Is, ln lands ln which
machine production was not carried
out to a great extent.
For instance, Japan was a good market for the machine made goods of the
United States, but Japan herself got
Into the Capitalistic game, and ever
bought less and less of the United
States goods and not only that, but is
now making a "foreign market" of the
States, producing cheaper, and ln consequence, selling cheaper, than goods
can be produced on this continent, and
don't forget that sort of thing Is po-
lng to increase rather than decrease,
and so increase that other "problem"
that of unemployment.
LOCAL NANAIMO,  NO.  3,  S.  P.  of  C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock!
Jack  Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box   826.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners*
Union Wall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business meeting first Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster,  Sec,   Box   164.
LOCAL GREENWOOD NO. 9, 8. P. OP
C„ meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Seeretarp Pro
Tern.
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, B. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
in Timmins' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOCAL LADYSSKTH NO.  10,  8. T. OP
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Williams, Sec., Lndysmith, B. C
choose to take possession of that
storehouse from producing for all, In
short, producing good things for all
and giving the scriptural alternative-
work or starve—"if any would not
work, neither should they eat."
At the present the idle rich are in
possession of the storehouse. Dispos-
see them, shift them out of the way
and take of the plenty you know is
there.
They will never make a move In
this direction, they have no "incentive,"
they always have plenty, for them
It Is always good times; for you It is
always bad times or worse times.
You are afraid it wouldn't be right.
Well, It's your right or theirs. Have
they ever studied your "rights?" Do
they ever give you jobs out of consideration for you? Do they not always
pay you as low wages as they can
force you to accept? Are you going
to let their "right" to four-fifths of the
product of your labor to stand lu the
way of your right to plenty In a world
of plenty, of your right to a full and
free life, of your right to be happy
here and now?
You married workers, think of the
rights of your children, and you unmarried workers think of your rights
to making a home of your own, which
so many of you are deprived of to-day,
and you will soon come to the same
conclusion as the members of the Socialist Party of Canada—whicli Is only
a part of the largest political party In
the world, the International Socialist
Party,—that the capitalist class has no
rights that the workers need respect
then you will be soon be doing ln the
east the same as the workers are doing in the mining districts of the west,
where we already have four Socialist Members of Parliament, and returning men of your own class to the
Legislature for the purpose of setting
up a new right—the right of the workers to the full product of their labor,
and the right of the idlers—nothing.
You may think this will take too
long—not so long as you think—but
long or short, it Is the only way, so
you had better start now in order to
bring it about as soon as you can.
Rest assured, you will have to move
in this direction some time.
Now Is always the best time to do
anything worth doing.
Your ballot Is your strongest
weapon.    Use lt for yourselves.
The Socialist Party is your political
organization.   Support it.
Workers, unite on the political field,
you have nothing to lose and everything to gain.
Your fellow worker.
WILFRED GRIBBLE.
7:80 p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Finlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
766 Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL HILLCREST, ALTA., NO. 15, S.
P. of c, meets every Sunday after
Union meeting In Union Hall, Hillcrest
Mines, Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt.; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
LOCAL WINNIPEG, B. P. OP C. HEAD-
quarters Klondyke block, corner of Pacific
nuil King Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummings, Organizer. •
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 336 Maryland
street.
LOCAL TORONTO,  8.  P.  OP  C ENO-
llsh   Branch. Business    meetings
first and third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 514 Wellesley St.
Speakers supplied or shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
Lyon, 134 liogurtli Ave.
LOOAL  OTTAWA  NO.   8,   B.   P.   OP  C,
BUSINESS MEETING 1st Sunday ia
month at 7:36 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 78 Ridean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:16 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
at 378 Wellington St. Charles Lestor,
Organizer.
K. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Broa-
son Ave.
LOOAL  COBALT,   NO.   »,   B.   P.   OP  O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley. Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   8.
P. of C—Meets ln Labor Hall. St.
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. in.
Heaequarters No. 1 St. 1'harles Ilorromee St
Otto Jahii Secretaay, 528 Chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member ....       wm. Davidson, Sandon
DISTRICT  ASSOCIATION   NO. 6.
President Jno. A. McKinnon, Rowland
Vice-President Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
Secretary-Treasurer
No.
Name
Meeting
Night
Pre*.
Sec'y.
A. Shilland, Sandon
r.o. Add.
Box
Atlln   	
Camborne
Orand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Hedley   	
Kaslo   	
Kimberly
Lardeau   	
Marysvllle
M. A 9. U.
Moyie   	
Nelson    	
Phoenix   	
Rossland
Sandon   	
Sllverton   	
Slocan   	
Texada   	
Trail MAM..
Wed
Wed
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
86|Ymir
Sat
Sat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Mon
Wed
 C. Cairns	
Wm. Winalow James Tobln	
Patrick O'Connor W. K. Hadden	
Charles Btrce Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T.  H.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrewB.. H. T. Rainbow	
Joe Armstrong ;A. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. I,nnd in  	
Malcolm  McNeill.
Paul   Phillips	
R.   Silverthorn	
J. A. McKinnon...
L.  R.  Mclnnls	
Robert Malroy....
Blair Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh...
Wm.  Heakcth	
|A   Hurgess	
J.   Hays   	
ibuics Roberts 
\ Phillips	
W.  A.  Plckard...
Geo.Oasey	
A.   Shilland	
Fred Llebschcr..
D. B. O'Neal 11...
T. T. Rutherford.
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.  B.  Mclsaac..
12
M
124
42
391
O
12
36
106
294
421
K
85
90
888
377
506
Discovery
Camborne
Orand  Forks
Greenwood
Hedley
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Marysvllle
Moyie
Nelson
Phoenix
Rossland
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
Van Anda
Trail
Ymir
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Jos  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin cdiatyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"Tyokansa"
Box 197, Pel Arthur, Ont.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Mtkili llMMtiii, $1.50 viMiktrti
"VaWiuka" Makut, $1.15
ATENTS
We soucl. tne Business or Manufacturer!,
Engineers and others who realize the advisablj.
lly of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marlon ft Marion, New York Life BIdf,
Montreal : ' ud Washington. D.C, U.S.A.
c. peters SSSJS,
Hand-Made Boots and  Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
1481 Wutniiitir Av».
NEW SOCIALIST GAME
"Thi Place ^triifffflo" il"°i1 '.*">• *°"tl i»-»'p»wt»<i.v
1110  UldoO  OMU&glG       Tlia whole family uan i.Uy IL
Mailed for 2&c in iUmpi; aiunti wmiteii.
CHARLES H. KERB. A 00., 1D3 KIwUb Stmt, Chicago, III
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'Clock
W. DREAVER, Speaker
Cameraphone Theatre
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C
__ SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1909.
THE  WESTERN   CLARION.   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
THREE
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
j
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKeuzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
IN THE LAND OF THE RISING SON
ORCHARD    ALMOST    FORGOTTEN.
ONTARIO    PROVINCIAL    EXECUTIVE.
Regular meeting, June 9th, 1909.
Present—Comrades Watklnson, Colombo, Lindalla, Stroud, Green and
Secretary Young.
Green elected chairman.
Minutes of lasl regular meeting read
and approved.
Communications from Dominion Executive, Hamilton, Port Arthur, Finnish, Lettish and English, Sault Ste.
Marie, Ottawa, Brantford, Drockville,
Berlin, Gait and Cobalt English were
dealt with.
The holding ot a Provincial convention tills year was defeated tne only
points voting in favor of holding one
were Hamilton, Port Arthur English
and Lettish. All other points voted
against.
On motion the secretary was instructed to furnish Hamilton with the
desired Information re Grlbble's trip
to that city.
It was regularly moved and seconded that the communication from the
Dominion Executive re Finnish comrades ami referendum be laid on Ihe
table for two weeks.
On motion the secretary was Instructed to request Hamilton to appoint one member of the auditing committee, Comrade Cameron preferred,
which is to audit the books the 1st
of July, the executive to pay his expenses.
Bills.
To secretary, postage stamps...} 1.00
Receipts.
Port Arthur English, due stamps
and   plat forms        3.25
Gait, due stamps    2.00
Sault Ste. Marie, convention assessment, 1909       8.25
Hamilton, due stamps     1.50
Port Arthur Finnish, due stamps 10.00
Berlin, due stamps and cards..    2.25
Broekvllle, due stamps     2.00
Brantford,  due stamps     2.00
Toronto Italian, due stamps     2.00
KAMLOOPS,  B.  C.
Total $33.25
P. C. YOUNG,
Provincial Secy.
940 Pape Ave.
CHARLIE   DONATES—ADVICE.
Jas. Gourley,
Secy.-Treas.  Prov.  Fireman's Association, Lacombe, Alta.:
Dear Sir,—I Just received your request for a donation towards devising
ways and means of preventing and
fighting Are and making firemen more
efficient in the discharge of their
duties.
What a worthy bunch of slaves you
are, worrying over the protection of
property you do not own. All the
firemen I ever knew were, like myself,
propertyless, or had so very little that
It was at the mercy of capitalist property.
Did you ever know any capitalists
to fight Are? Not necessary for them
to even worry about how best to prevent fire when there Is such an easy
bunch as you fellows to do It for them.
If I was a capitalist I would wire you
a donation.
As a member of the working class.
I think It would be more to your credit
if you were making an effort to Join
with the rest of your class for the purpose of getting ownership over capitalist property which dominates this
and all other civilized countries.
C.  M. O'BRIEN.
Dear Comrade,—
I Just thought 1 would let you know
that Kamloops Local was still In the
fight for the freedom of the wage
slave. We hail Comrade John Harrington with us on June 14th, when
he addressed a bunch of 17 or 18.
Wasn't a big crowd, bnt they took a
great Interest ln his address. He
showed how we had come from the
primitive savage, through chattel slavery and feudalism to the present day
wage slave. He also showed how by
Socialism we would obtain the freedom of the wage slave. The comrades
here are very well pleased with him
ami hope to hear him again in the
future.
Our Local here is still alive, although the outside world hasn't heard
much of us. Our membership at present is 18. All of them are good stuff
and we hope to Increase a bit this
summer. The vote Inst Dominion election for Bunting here In Kamloops was
31 without any organization. But with
a Local here we expect to Increase the
vote very considerably.
I will close now for fear this should
miss the wastepaper tub and take a
lot of space.
I remain ydurs in revolt,
CLAUDE F. ORCHARD,
Secy. Kamloops Local No. 50.
SENTIMENTS.
Sentiment Is seeded In the Socialist
movement. It Ib needed aa a dynamic
force. It is needed as a stimulus to
self-sacrificing effort. We cannot dispense with the sentiments of party
loyalty. The sentiment of devotion
to the working class, the sentiments
that make martyrs and heroes ot men.
But though sentiment has thus a
useful function to perform, it should
play no part whatever tn moulding
party policy. Our activities should be
guided by cold, calculating, dispassionate reasoning, and that alone. In
declaiming against the "sentimentalists" it should be understood that It
is not their sentiments against which
complaint is made, but against their
lack of understanding.
Sentiment is a fine thing, but when
lt Is not controlled by Intellect, or
when it has no solid knowledge behind it, lt Is liable to lead us into
all kinds of blunders.
WM. RESTELLE SHIER.
Mrs. Ruls commits suicide because
Vanderbllt quits making dates with
her, and divorce court evidence Is
showing Mrs. Gould to he a dead
game \sport. However, as neither of
them did it for a living, they cannot
pe classed as "fallen women," but
could move In the best society money
can buy.
FREE SPEECH  FUND.
April 6, street collection $ 5.80
Bradsriaw    50
S. L. Burns 50
McKenzie   50
W. Home      1.00
W. Welling      1.00
April 7, street collection      5.50
April 8, street collection     2.10
April 9, street collection     2.00
April  10, street collection     2.40
April 11, street collection       5.10
April 13, street colection     1.45
April 15, street collection      1.40
April 17, street collection      3.10
April 19, street collection     1.75
April 19, donation      1.00
April 19, street collection      1.75
April 27, P. Pearson      1.00
Leeds  50
Forrest       1.00
May 9     2.00
May 17, Ukrainians      2.00
Makaroff      1.00
Hrynlevich      1.00
Ferbey      1.00
Collection, City Hull     26.50
May 18, street collection     7.30
T. M. Beamish       5.00
May 25, N. P     1.00
R. G. Gray      2.50
Total   $88.65
Expenditures.
April 6, postage  $ 0.50
April 12, Lawyer Bird   20.00
April 18, Lawyer Bird      7.50
May 10, Fine (Taylor)     7.50
May 17, Rent City Hall  16.00
May 17, Carrying signs      2.00
May 22, Printing  '     3.00
May 28, Signs      1 50
May 30, Lawyer Bird   14.30
Balance    $16.35
Total     $88.65
O. MENGEL,
Vancouver. B. C.
O'BRIEN'S ELECTION.
The Socialist Party held a most successful open air meeting near the
Labor Hall last night. F. Hyatt, the
local organizer, opened the proceedings and explained the alms and objects of the movement.
In Introducing C. M. O'Brien, M.P.
P. for Rocky Mountain district, he
stated that what one set of working
men had done, so the working men of
Calgary could do In the future.
C. M. O'Brien gave a very Interesting address and pointed out the evils
existing In the present system. He
also explained the meaning of terms:
labor, labor power and surplus value.
Touching upon a letter which had
appeared in a Calgary paper relating
to his election expenses, and that the
Socialists had used funds of miners,
which was the reason no relief could
be given to the men out on strike, he
stated that his election cost less than
$350. The unions of Dlst. 18, U. M.
W. A., volunteered the sum of $50.
Much more would have been given,
but It was not required, as the cost
of the Socialist campaign was very
light ln comparison with the older
parties.
Next Sunday at the Labor Hall the
question of secular or religious education in our schools of Alberta will
be taken up and discussed.—Calgary
Herald.
MORE SPIES.
Have heard from reporter of Alberta
that there is a rumor of two Russian
agents to visit Calgary. They are
following those who took part In Baltic trouble.   Give warning!
F. HYATT.
If you want to see how wide-awake
the Japanese are, come with me and
take a look at the Kanegafuchl cotton
mill, which lies on the outskirts of
Hiogo. It is the biggest spinning establishment of the empire, and it belongs to a company which had a
capital of seven million gold dollars,
and paid last yeDr a dividend of 22
per cent. The company has altogether
nineteen mills In operation and in
course of construction. It has already
more than 200,000 spindles at work,
and the four new mills, now building,
will add to this 98,000 mo»e. It Is
putting up mills for weaving as well
as for spinning, and when all are complied It will still have a million dollars worth of working capital to go on.
The company began its work twenty
years ago by erecting a spinning mill
at Tokio. It has now two there and
is building a third. It has silk mills
at Kyoto, which are rapidly approaching completion, and it will soon have
16,000 spindles in operation there.
Of all the establishments of this big
corporation the one here at Hlogo is
Ihe largest. It covers many acres and
employs 4,000 hands. Its works run
day and night, and they turn out cotton yarn by the thousands of bales annually. Much of the product Is consumed here In Japan, but a great deal
goes to the rapidly developing market of China, where it competes with
that from our country.
Hiogo is the native city for which
Kobe Is the port. It has, all told, more
than 300,000 people; and in going to
the cotton mill our jinrikshas take us
through several miles of Japanese
stores, over the bridge which crosses
the river and almost into the country-
We can see the great smokestack of
the works long before we come to lt.
It rises high above the low warehouses and spinning mills and its
dense volume tit black smoke poisons
the air. The smokestack is made of
iron, instead of brick, as in the United
States. This is that it may the betted withstand the earthquakes which
occur here every few days, and which
a times are so great that they might
send a tall brick stack to the ground.
For the same reason the large mills
are almost all of one story. They are
built of brick and are so walled with
glass that they are splendidly lighted.
I do not know the acreage, hut I
went through a wilderness of moving
pulleys, whirling spindles, cotton opening machines, and other works of vari-'
ous kinds, which took more time than
a Sabbath day's journey. Single buildings seemed to reach on and on till
one could hardly see the end and in
all was the busy hum of machinery
and of Japanese men, women and children working away.
I have seen many of our great mills
in the United States but none In whicli
the cotton Is more rapidly and efficiently handled than here. I doubt if
we have any In which the work is
done with less labor. The finest of
up-to-date machinery is employed and
when it wears out it goeB to the scrap
heap. In some rooms, covering an
acre, no more than two score men
were at work, and one little girl was
tending to every machine. In the
spinning and reeling rooms there were
more and in some I saw hundreds of
girls and women at work.
I asked whence the machinery came
and was told that some was from the
United States, but that more came
from England. Japan has not yet begun to manufacture cotton machinery,
although It is experimenting. Willi
work of all kinds. For instance, the engines which run these big works were
constructed at Tokio. One of them is
of 1.500 horse power, and it as fine as
any engine of the kind anywhere.
Connected with the establishment la
an experimental weaving mill, whicli
will soon be Increased lo 400 looms.
As It Is now, the cotton comes Into
the mill in bales, being Imported from
China, India, and the United States,
and It goes out In smaller bnles ol
cotton yarn, ready for weaving. In
the near future much of It will go out
in the shape of cotton cloth for the
markets of Japan, Cores, Manchuria
and China.
During my visit I went through
twelve great cotton warehouses which
are packed full of bales, from the
ground to the roof, and the manager
tells me that at certain times In the
year he has as much as $3,000,000
worth of raw cotton on hand. The
greater part of the cotton used comes
from the United States. Kope, which
is one of the chief ports of the empire, lands about $40,000,000 worth of
cotton every year, and of this $20,000,-
000 worth comes from India, $6,000,000
from China, and over $10,000,000 from
the United States. Our cotton Is the
best, but the Indian product is cheaper, and the two are mixed In the making of these yarns. The manager
complained about the bad packing of
our American bales, and showed me
some of them Bide by side with bales
from Bombay. The latter were beautifully put up and so wrapped that no
cotton could be lost. Our bales were
broken and torn and the lint was fall
lng out.
As I walked through the mills I
asked as to wages and hours of work.
There are two shifts, one during the
day and the other at night. The hours
of actual work are ten, and there are
rest hours at 9 a.m., at noon, and 3
p.m. The rest time consumes about
two hours and with them the working day is twelve hours long. This
company does not work Us hands on
Sunday, as Is common with many of
the industries of Japan. It believes
in night work. Its managers tell me
that almost all the cotton mills work
both day and night, and that this custom is a great benefit to the spinning
Industry. As lt Is now, the demand
for cotton yarns is so great that night
work is a necessity, but in times of
depression It is possible to stop the
night work until the demand requires
it again. By this double work the
Japan mills are producing twice as
much, per capital and machinery, as
mills of other countries where day
work only is used. This faet may be
one of the reasons for the big dividends which nearly al! the companies
are now paying.
I asked as to wages of the mill
hands and was told they are from 22
to 60 sen a day. This means from 11
to 30 cents of our money, or from a
little more than 1 to 3 cents for each
working hour. At that they are higher than in some other mills, the general wage of cotton spinners throughout this district being 21 cents for
women, 30 cents for men, and 6 cents
for children.
As I went through the mills I saw
a great many children at work, and
many of the child workers were Jin-
der 14. I had a photograph of mylelf
standing beside some little almond-
eyed tots who could not have been
more than 10.
According to the government reports
there are now 325,000 hands in the textile factories, and of these almost 290,-
000 are females. There are also 26,000
girls and 2,000 boys who are under 14
years of age. This Is not a large proportion of children, and the number
grows less from year to year.
The Kanegafuchl company Is about
the most advanced of all in Japan as
to its methods of handling Its employees. It has tenement houses
which it rents out at low rates, and
also dormitories for men and domltor-
les for women. I visited one ot the
latter buildings. It was a two-storied
structure surrounding a beautiful garden. Us walls were of frame work
covered with paper with outer walls
of pine wood. It had accommodations
for 800 girls sleeping in Japanese fash-
Ion On the floor, with several girls in
each room. As the night shift was
sleeping, I was not able to look at
many of the rooms, but the few I saw
were carpeted with the whitest of
mats and warmed by hibachis or Japanese fire boxes. Outside this tbey
had practically no other furniture.
The bedding consisted of futons, or
thick wadded comforters, which were
packed away In cupboards when not
in use. The girls have neither bedsteads, tables, nor chairs, and they sit
and sleep Japanese fashion upon the
floor.
From here I went to one of the
large dining rooms which the company has established for Its employees. Here several hundred men
and boys were eating with chopsticks
steaming rice, vegetables and fish.
They were enjoying the meal and
were apparently satisfied. As I looked, the manager told me that they furnished board at a little less than cost
price, and that the men were given
three meals for 5'/4 cents per day.
This is not quite 2 cents per meal,
nevertheless, they work all day and
grow fat.   The manager told me that
1 hey lose about 2 cents per day on
each man In Ihus feeding them, and
I asked whether the food was uniformly good, the reply came quickly: "Of
course It Is, and we have lo keep It so
or we should soon hear from the men."
The company has also a store where
It furnishes its employees such merchandise as they want at cost price.
This store handles all sorts of Japanese goods, though the men may buy
elsewhere, If they will. It has food,
clothing, notions, and everything that
appeals to the taste of such people.
This company Is anxious to keep Its
men in good humor. It trains Its employees for its work and does all lt
can to make them loyal to the establishment. It takes great pride ln the
tact that it has some of he best
workmen ln Japan, and leaves no
stones unturned In Increasing Its reputation In this regard. Among the special Institutions al the mills Is a theater with a large stage and a full
equipment of scenery. The house will
seat, I should say, about 1,000, the
audience sitting on whip' mats on the
floor. There are galleries with similar
seats and the floor rises under them,
so that the people can see uniformly
well. The company brings actors and
lecturers here at Its own expense in
order to amuse its employees.
There is also a two-storied school
building In the works, a large part of
There was a time when the name
of Harry Orchard was flaunted ln the
columns of the public press almost
dally, and even men with saintly faces
who harrangued from pulpits made the
self-confessed criminal the text for a
sermon. For a time, the unrivaled
Harry was In the public eye, and, like
all degenerates, enjoyed with supreme
satisfaction the glare of the limelight.
But regardless of the fact that Harry
was at one time considered a valuable
ally and tool of a mine owners' association, he has at last passed Into an
obscurity that is almost sorrowful to
contemplate.
During the reign of Gooding as gov-
eraor, Orchard was treated as a guest
of the state, and did not suiter the humiliation of the ordinary convict.
The Gooding administration realized
that Orchard had rendered heroic service in an effort to convict a labor organization of the red-handed crime of
murder, and, for the service, he was
looked upon as a reformed sinner,
werthy of being treated with a courtesy that Is sometimes extended to the
convicted banker who has plunged Into
the gambling hell with the funds of
depositors.
But Harry Is no longer enjoying life
at the expense of the taxpayers of the
state of Idaho. A new warden of the
penitentiary at Boise, Idaho, has failed
to see the sprouting wings of an angel
•n the former pal of JameB McParland,
and has seen lit to wound the dignity
of the once pampered pet of the conspirators by subjecting him to perform
menial service behind the walls of the
state's prison.
Harry Is no longer the lauded Idol of
a Aline Owners' Association and a
Citlzeis' Alliance. The combination
that used this dupe to pollute his lips
with perjury have deserted him and
he now wears the hated livery of the
common convict and Is now training
his stomach to assimilate the coarse
food that must be masticated and digested by the hundreds of unfortunates
who are yearning for the time when
freedom unlocks the prison doors.
There arc no more automobile rides
for Harry, and the salaried thugs of
a detective agency are no longer extending invitations to the peerless
reprobate to join them ln a carnival
of debauchery ln a "red-light palace"
In the "bad lands."
Harry Is practically forgotten by the
paid bloodhounds who used him, and
evem the preachers, who once showered encomiums of praise upon the deluded bigamist, wife deserter, thief,
gambler, and self-confessed murderer
and bomb-manufacturer, have ceased
to remember the once petted darling
and flattered fool, who raped his last
remnant of manhood and honor, to
shine as the star-actor in a cold-blooded conspiracy.—Miners' Magazine.
Xera and Tfow
By "LEEDS"
which is given up to a kindergarten
for the little children whose mothers
are employed in the mills.
Another Institution which all the
Kanegafuchl mills have is a first-class
hospital with a corps of physicians and
nurses, who attend the sick without
charge.
In addition to the above these mills
have a pension fund which now
amounts to $142,000; a fund for the
welfare of the employees of more than
$100,000, and a sanitary fund of $25,-
000. The workmen have also societies
organized under a company for mutual
relief and for the promotion of the
general Interest of the members. One
of these societies has a large income
from its members' fees, Including a
subsidy from the company, and another has a capital of $100,000.
I am told that all the cotton mills
of Japan are doing well. In addition
to the establishment which I have described there are many others which
work day and night and which propose to Increase their capacity and
lo extend their Initio throughout the
far east]. They look upon China as
their especial market and say that
they have the advantage of all other
peoples in understanding tbe w. ii ton
characters used in the languages of
both countries, and also in their general knowledge of the Chinese people
and their customs. There are now
Japanese going over China Investigating the markets for cotton; and there
are steamship lines which connect
Kobe with the big cities on almost all
the Chinese rivers. The demand for
cotton goods at home Is Bteadlly Increasing, and there a great effort will
be made to push the trade ln Cores
and Manchuria.
At present there are a hundred and
eighteen mills In the country devoted
to spinning alone; and these have
more Ihan 1,500,000 spindles. They
make almost a million bales of cotton
yarn annually, and have a profit therefrom of $9,000,000 or $10,000,000. I
have before me figures showing some
of the dividends paid. In 1905 every
cotton mill In Japan paid from 10 to
40 per cent., and in 1906 there were
ten companies which paid all the way
from 16 to 45 per cent. In 1907 there
were two which paid 50 per cent.; nnd
the Tokio Grand Yarn Company has
paid as high as 70 per cent. Nearly
all these companies are adding to their
surpluses and arc charging oil good
amounts to the depreciation of their
buildings  and   machinery.—Index.
Last week's receipt of subs, shows
a marked increase, but still it came
within $11.00 of paying expenses.
This merely means that we are not
yet equal to the situation and Increased efforts must be made in order to
solve this "problem" of deficits. Locals, like any other organization, must
grow or die, and while It Ib not always
possible to Increase in mere numbers
very rapidly, yet an Increase in intelligence is always possible and much
more Important as well as necesary.
The two or three lone papers that are
voicing the interests of Canada's working class are at least as worthy of support as those papers that are published by capitalists for capitalists. It
may be here noted that not a sheet of
any kind could exist for a month without the support of wage-earners. Our
hope lies ln so educating the slaves of
Canada that the lies and worse of capitalist press will fall on deaf ears so
far as the useful class is concerned.
It Ib therefore up to those who do
know to arouse the spirit of manhood
and revolt among our fellow workers.
Every Capitalist Institution Is safe as
long as the worker is In lgnoranee.
The written word is the most efficient of all so "up boys snd at em."
• *   *
Comrade F. Hyatt keeps pegging
away and the three subs, which he
sends In from Calgary show that he
gets there every time.
• • •
Two yearlies from a comrade tn
Dawson, is evidence that the weather
up there la not quite hot enough yet
to generate that "tired feeling."
• *   •
Comrade Wm. Davenport sends
thanks for the button which he received for sending In $5.00 worth of
subs. He adds another new yearly to
the list of Brantford, and encloses a
comrades renewal.
• •   «
The recognized method of publicly
expressing your wishes Is by the ballot, but you have bo voice In constitutional government unless you are
interested enough to spend a few minutes of your time in getting your name
put on the voters' list.
• •   •
Comrade W. R. Hlbberd does not like
the exercise ot chasing a job, which he
has been forced to undergo of late, and
so he Is ever urging on his class to
put an end to the commodity nature
of labor power. He reports matters
moving well in Toronto and adds a
new sub. to the list.
Do not let the hot weather prevent you from taking a look now and
then at the number on your address
label.
"Don't forget .the button" writes
Comrade A. S. Julian, and encloses
$5.00 worth of subs, "to help along."
By the way our comrade Is another
of those "dirty faces," and halls
from Edmonton.
• •   •
A Winnipeg Comrade who sports
the hustling name of Pickup, Is always
ready to give a helping hand ln any
way he can, so he sends along a Comrade's renewal for a year and corrects
the address ot another.
• •   •
Comrade Austin, Nelson, B. 0„
lands a sub. and reports the Lestors
going strong.
• •   •
Comrade J. Stewart found two subs.
In Toronto that W. G. had evidently
overlooked, and tires them ln.
•   •   •
A donation towardH the Clarion
Maintenance Fund and the renewal of
his sub. for a year arrives from Comrade J. Carson, Britannia Beach, B. C.
• •   •
Two subs, arrive from Comrade J,
Harrington, nnd also a pair from Com-
rade H. Norman.
• e   •
The following ComradeB are re?pon-
slble for a new sub. each this week.
Will your name be here soon?
• •   •
H. A. Gilchrist, New Weslminster, B.
C.; Joseph Upton, Slmllkameen, II.
('.; W. S. Matthews. Ashby, N. S.;
James Young, Nanalmo, B. C; H.
Wood, Vancouver, B, O.J Hugh Dixon.
Seattle, Wash.; William Fraser, Cran-
brook, B. C; Jas. Douglas, Michel, B.
C: Geo. F. Wright, Venn, Sask.; A.
0. Allen, Nanalmo, B. C; L. E. Drake,
Bellevue, Alta.; Abe Karme, Vancouver, B. C.
• •   •
The capitalist press howl about
the "increased cost of living.'' but to
the wage-earner It means a decrease
In wages.
• • •
The price of sugar has fallen so
we may soon expect some wise one
to stnrl ngltatlng for a law to prevent the trust from lowering prices.
The day of the capitalist has come,
and he has made full use of it. Tomorrow will be the day of the laborer, provided he has the strength and
the wisdom to use his opportunities.
—H. De B. Gibbins. FOUR
THE   WESTERN   CLARION.   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, JUNE 26, 1909.
LONDON LETTER
Whenever our opponents realize the
growing number and strength of the
Socialist movement they at once resort to violence and force In a vain
effort to stem the rising tide of the
working class movement, hut It usually happens that such actions only aid
us ln spreading our propaganda and
making converts. Last Sunday such
methods were used against two of our
speakers In the old town of Dunmow,
down (n Essex, and in consequence
many people in that district who rarely, If ever, heard of Socialism, are be-
■comlng Interested in the subject and
readily listen to our speakers and
read our literature.
At the invitation of the Countess of
Warwick the members of the Essex
Social-Democratic Federation assembled at Dunmow for the annual Whit-
sun conference, and despite the efforts
of the anti-Socialists, the meeting
was a great success. About two hundred of our comrades and a still greater number of outsiders gathered on
the village green on Sunday afternoon
to listen to the inaugural address delivered by Rev. Conrad Noel. Lady
Warwick, better known to us as Comrade Warwick, was not present, but
the speakers came by motor car from
her residence, Easton Lodge, some two
or three miles away.
Comrade Noel was the chief speaker
of the occasion, and before he had
gone very far in his address, a tremendous crowd had gathered. Surprised at the splendid success of the
meeting, the anti-Socialists began to
show strong signs of hostility by frequently trying to interrupt the speaker with trivial questions. Failing in
this, one of the anti-Socialists started
to sing and dance and wave his hat
as close to the speaker as he could.
He was promptly "sat down upon" and
when others took his place it was resented by the comrades present, and
things began to look serious. An effort was then made to capture the
Red Flag which was' unsuccessful.
During the scuffle the crowd surged
around the platform and the speaker
was forced to dismount. At this juncture the police arrived and order was
restored and Comrade Noel remounted the platform and finished his ad-
Rev. E. T. Maxted was the next
speaker and he was subjected to even
a more rowdy opposition than his pre
decessor, but for all that he was well
able to make himself heard. He dared
the anti-Socialists to lay a finger on
him or rush the platform, and the
way he said It took the nerve out of
our opponents, and he "raked" them
so unmercifully that they soon discontinued their noise and slunk away.
Comrade Maxted said he had been
threatened with violence many times
since he resided In rural Essex, but
he was not afraid to meet any man
who tried to' Intimidate or oppose him.
The meeting terminated splendidly
and the speakers were conveyed back
to Easton Lodge ln Comrade Warwick's motor car.
The following day the members of
the Essex Social-Democratic /Federation met on the Warwick estate, where
a business meeting was held after
which a splendid entertainment and
dinner successfully ended the conference.
Twenty labor M. P.'s left London
last week for a ten-day tour In Germany, and stm'e their arrival there
they have been hobnobbing almost exclusively with Qerman manufacturers
and the bourgeois class. The German
Social Democrats in Berlin refused to
serve on the committee which is to
give them an official welcome to that
city on account of the capitalistic
make-up of the rominltlee. but Invited thrm to a large popular demonstration which the Social Democrats and
Trade Unionists proposed to organize
in their honor. This courteous invitation our "eminently respectable Labor
members" declined to accept on the
plea that their Vigil was not a "party
visit" and that they wished to meet
all parties on equal footing and not to
show any favoritism to German party
politics. Consequently Messrs. Mac-
donald, Henderson & Co., of the "great
British Labor Party" are having a fat
love feast with the German capitalists,
who are slobbering all over them in
their estacy of bliss, and It Is even reported that Will Crooks sang "The
Rocky Road to Dublin" witli so much
feeling at a banquet in Dusseldorf
thai the corpulent Oberburgermelster
of that town burst Into tears and had
to be driven home on a four-horse dray
in a state of collapse. Meanwhile, the
organized workers are standing apart
and paying little atentlon to the antics
of Britain's Labor members.
To-morrow, Sunday, the London
Committee of the Social Democratic
Party has made arrangements for the
holding of 70 open-air inetiiigs for the
purpose of giving still greater im-
peus to the Socialist movement In London, which, despite the hard times,
has been progressing most favorably
during the past month. Apart from the
great propaganda value of such a large
number of meetings being held on one
day, the financial side will be looked
after and all collections made at these
meetings will be turned over to the
London Committee to aid lt In Its
work of educating the London working
class.
The Clarion vans are now doing
good work during the summer months
by touring the country and getting
into districts where Socialism is yet
scarcely known. These vans are all
carrying excellent speakers and propagandists who attract large crowds
nightly and make many converts in
the villages and small towns.
Yours In revolt,
ROBT.  E.  SCOTT.
London,  May  5th,  1909.
UNEMPLOYMENT      AND      THE
EIGHT-HOUR   DAY.
It is claimed that the eight-hour day
would diminish unemployment, raise
wages, give the worker more leisure
In which to enjoy life and prove less
exhausting than a day of nine, ten
or eleven hours.
At first sight, this would appear to
be the case. Thus, if in a factory employing one hundred men at ten hours
a day the hours should be reduced
to eight, it would naturally follow,
would it not, that to turn out the
same amount of work, 125 men would
need to be engaged? At once the unwary will answer, "Yes." But the
economist knows better. He knows
of a number of tendencies that might
negative this beneficent result.
It has been pretty well established,
for example, that a man will do as
much work in eight or nine hours as
he will in ten or eleven, for he Is
capable of laboring more strenuously
and has more vitality upon which to
draw. Again, employers are led to
"speed up" their, workmen when they
are forced to adopt the eight-hour day,
Bomellmes even to Introduce the
piece-work system, in order to make
up in intensity of work what they
lose by the diminution in the number
of hours. As Schaffle truly remarks
ln his "Impossibility of Social Democracy," when speaking of the eight-
hour day agitation: "Capital In any
case will do all In its power, by sterner application, sharper control, improved machinery, to get more done,
and in less time than before." If this
is the case, if the Increased efficiency
of the workers counterbalances the
reduction in hours, then the enforcement of the eight-hour day would do
little, If anything, towards solving the
unemployed problem.
Assuming, however, that reducing
the hours would restrict the output of
the average workman, then extra
labor would have to be drawn from
the ranks of the unemployed, with the
result that extreme poverty would be
diminished and the condition of the
active workers possibly made better
by a rise In wages, owing to the fact
that the labor market would not be
so congested. What would follow?
Simply that population would take a
leap forward in those districts where
the eight-hour day was Introduced
either by immigration or by a higher
birth-rate. When the workers prosper, naturally enough they marry, and
not only the number of marriages, but
the number of births, or, at least, the
number of those who survive who are
born, Increases, until In a comparatively short time ihe labor market is
again overstocked and conditions become us bad as ever they were before.
Also, the workers of one province naturally flock lo a neighboring province
where wages are higher, hours shorter nnd times better. Hence, from the
economic standpoint, the introduction
of the eight-hour day would at most
be of only temporary benefit to the
workers.
The evidence that a reduction in
hours Is no cure whatever for the
evils of unemployment Is overwhelming. Says John Rae In his ably-written voume called "Eight Hours for
Work," a book that teems with facts
bearing on this subject: "In the
great majority of cases where the
eight-hour day has been practically
tried, the same work has been done
without calling ln a single new hand."
He adduces abundant evidence to
show that the Ten Hours Act in England, which cut eleven hours a week
off the working time of 500,000 textile
workers, "could not possibly," to
quote his own words, "have made
room for more than a thousand, and
most probably did not make room for
more than a score of extra workers."
Neither are wages increased, though
morally, Intellectually and physically
the workers do profit by a shortening
of the workday.
WILL R. SHIER.
RHH^H®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®^'
BJEST  IH B.C. ClC^S
•«»«««««Cr«*tta««r««««*««««ft««»«««
3ERIOUS THOUGHTS.
Fellow Industrial proletarians, what
shall we do with the "educated socialist" and the "respectable socialist?"
It is palnly evident that we must do
something with these well-meaning
comrades. We must remand them to
the rear or repudiate them if we want
to establish the Industrial Republic.
This is plain as can be. Heboid the Socialist movement in the United States
today! It is really in a deplorable
state of confusion. One day the cry
is "Votes for Women," the next day
"Down with Hlnky Dink," the next,
"Hurrah for 3-cent fores." "Down with
the Japs," and the rest of Ihe incessant nonsense that has emanated from
the councils of our "leaders." We do
not want benevolent feudalism; we
want socialism. We want to abolish
the competitive system; we want to
establish the'Social Republic* We are
not interested in "gratters," "Votes for
Women," "Right to Work" and the rest
of ihe nonsense that Is heralded as
"Immediate demands." We have only
one "Immediate demand," and that is
the abolition of capitalism. We proletarians have no time to waste on
"Votes for Women," "3-cent fares,"
"right to work," etc. We do not care
about "The Spiritual Significance of
Socfttflsm." We proletarians are
tired; we want a rest; we want to
stop feeding, clothing and sheltering
those ingrates who murder, starve and
jail us outlawed proletarians. We
care not whether Socialism is or is not
"artistic," "spiritual," "moral" or "immoral." We want to stop washing the
dirty clothes of the present idle wasteful ruling class and use our time and
energy to plant something to eat, to
make clothes for ourselves, to build
ourselves houses to live In, to take
long spells of rest, to spend a day or
two or a week or two lying under the
shade of a tree—eh, fellow-workers,
would It not feel pleasant to lie on
some green grass now Instead of slaving in a poisonous workshop making
"artistic" furniture for the brutal rich!
"Right you are," I hear you answer.
Rest, rest, rest, is what we weary proletarians want and that we behold In
Socialism; that is the producing class
will only have to work a few hours
every day and then we can spend
many, many hours lying on the grass
beneath the shade of a tree. We are
■tired of work, work, work. We are
dissatisfied with the present "civilization." We want Socialism. If we
can't get Socialism, then we shall
abolish the present "civilization" anyhow, for no matter what the result will
be, we are positive that we shall get
more rest than what we do now. We
won't have to slave at night by the aid
of electricity, making "works of art"
for a lot of vampires. So then, fellow
Socialists, Increase and swell the cry,
"Away with Capitalism" and stop the
foolish chatter about "Spiritual Significance of Socialism," "Votes for Women," "Right to Work," etc.—Charles
O. Kohler in Inter. Socialist Review.
LESSONS   FROM   THE   PARIS
STRIKE.
(Continued from page one)
When one compares the reserves of
the possessing class with those of the
propertyless, (here can be no doubt
which would Issue victorious from
such a strike. While the capitalists
hold the entire organization of the
pollllcal State, command Ihe armed
forces and the stores of wnr.and are
thus able to prevent the workers producing for themselves, who can deny
that Ihe proletariat would be speedily
staarved into submission? The general
strlke(that Is, a strike that is general)
would be Infinitely less effective as a
means of overthrowing the State
than a general lock-out prepared by
the masters would be as a means of
starving the workers into utter subjection.
Recent events In Paris give point to
our contention, and hold lessons even
more useful.
Some Fools Learn by Experience.
The postal employees had apparently won their first strike. Entire satisfaction was to be granted them; Sy-
mian was to go; their right to combine
jwaa.- cenceded. One London neo-An-
archlst cursed with an unhappy itch
for scribbling, and a collosal ignorance of French Syndical affairs, claimed this as a victory for "direct action,"
and cited It as vlndlcatlg the methods
of the Anarchist clique who had controlled the French General Confederation. Yet the postal workers were In
no way connected with the Confederation. Their organization was not even
a trade union, but merly an amicable
association; and their action In striking against their insulting chief did
not differ lu essentials from any or
dinary strike against their manager
and finally, and unfortunately, their
strike was not a victory at all. The
French Radical Ministry had merely
stepped back in order to jump further
—they did not hold political power
for nought. The first strike of the
ultra-respectable postal workers had
been unexpected by the postal authorities. It caught them unprepared.
This could not happen twice. Extensive preparations were now made.
Men from the army and navy were
ordered to be in readiness; they were
Coached in their coming duties and
familiarized with the necessary apparatus. Everyone saw that a conflict
was coming. The General Confederation aserted that the postal workers
would, next time be backed by the
whole force of the Confederation. Hut
the capitalists showed how little they
fear thy general strike, by deliberately forcing the struggle on. The ambiguous promises pf the Ministry were
broken. The detestable Symlan was
retained. Men who had taken part
in Ihe previous strike were dismissed
In batches, and others were prosecuted
for their political utterances.
The Masters Wanted the Strike.
That the second strike was deliberately provoked by the Administration
is admitted in the C. G. T. manifesto
which avowed the collapse of the general strike. Pressed beyond endurance the postal workers came out, but
frouf the first their defeat was certain.
Soldiers and sailors replaced strikers.
Tho Chambers of Commerce organized
sorilng offices, and but little perturbation was noticeable in the services.
The strikers went back in batches, and
when nearly all but those dlsmised
had gone back an urgent appeal was
made to the trade unions for a strike
in aid, in order to encourage the postal
employees to make a stand and to
force the Government lo yield. Then
occurred the fiasco which exposed the
hollowness of the "direct action" bluff
that has hitherto characterized the
French labor movement. The experience of the past few years had shown
the weakness of the French trade union movement with its small numbers,
lack of funds, and loose organization,
and demonstrated the futility of the
Anarchist idea that an active minority
can carry with It an inert mass. Fatuous Anarchist gymnastics had 'jaded
the workers into apathy. Niel, to his
credit, moderate though he may be,
bravely opposed the "direct action" all
through, but he was not listened to.
A majority of his council had been
talking wildly and bombastically at
the various meetings that had been
held. They had spoken of the
"legions" of the Confederation awaiting the order to strike. The Government was to be hurled into the dust
and the society of to-morrow was to
be inaugurated. The hour of emancipation was at' hand. Niel, therefore,
had to bow to the majority, and loyally
executed Its decree, though he foresaw
plainly the result. The general strike
was declared. And the consequence
was the fiasco of which the reader will
have already heard. It gave a parting
kick to the already defeated postal
workers, and exposed the whole Syndicalist movement to the ridicule of
the world. As Nicolet said at the
Manege St. Paul demonstration, the
navvies were practically the only ones
to obey the call. The notorious Pa-
taud, of the electricians, had definitely
promised the support of his union, but
nothing came of it. And so it was all
round. The rank and file had got tired
of gymnastics, and they refused to
march, even for a worthy object, at
the behest of their "leaders." In view
of this the postal employes resumed
work at once, and the "Confederation issued a manifesto stating that the
strike had failed of Its object nnd advising «lts adherents to resume work
also.
Socialists In No Quandary.
Naturally the leaders of the "direct
action" campaign have, on the collapse
of their policy, fallen to mutual recrimination, each blaming Ihe other for the
fatal result. But the Socialist, Is in
no quandary as to causes. The Syndicalist policy could have had no other
result. Apathy and disgust are the
usual consequences of a false policy
and false tactics when their falsity is
discovered, and It Is fortunate that
Ihe experience of the French workers,
bitter though It. may be, is awakening them to the worthlessness of Anarchistic "direct action.' For such a
policy, if its falsity be undiscovered,
can lead the workers but to the shambles or starvation.
But they will not allow their fit of
apathy to hold them long. They will
draw the plain lessons from their experience. That they are already doing
so is evident. The French trade union
movement, though weak and fitful, is
nevertheless making strides toward
the sound, democratic class organization that husbands its resources for effective resistance to capitalist encroachment. While the curse of the
leader and the phrasemonger is got rid
of as it can only be got rid of—by Socialist teaching; for when the workers
understand their true policy the leader, like Othello, will find his occupation gone. But the lesson, above all,
that we as well as our French fellow
workers must learn Is the need for
definitely Socialist action for the conquest of the powers ot Government,
for it is political power that keeps us
In subjection—In Socialist Standard. I
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it. should belong. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership ot the means of production, consequently all the products ot
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as tbe capitalist class remains in possession of the
reins of government all the powers ot the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights In the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The eapltallst system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating tn a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure lt by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with tbe object of conquering the public powers for the purpose.,of setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, as follows: *
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and everywhere until the present system is abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will the Socialist
Party is for it; if it will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands in such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
WANTED. A Socialist Traveling Companion
'Round the World with Wllshlre'i.
All Expenses and a Salary Paid. A red hot
Socialist preferred. Write at once for complete
iniormation.
WILSHIRE'S MAGAZINE,
Dcpl. 22 220 William Si., New York.
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
50c per year
Two for a dollar
SPECIALLY FINE FOR PROPAGANDA  WORK.
Six months 26c.
Published at Cowansville, P.Q.
BASKET PICNIC
Under Auspices of S. P. of C.
Strathcona Park, Sunday, June 27
SS. STRATHCONA
Boat leaves Johnson's Wharf 9:45 a.m.
Tickets 50 Cents
Children under twelve, 25 cents; under
five, free.
Don't blame the governments or the
politicians for what they do. Remember they are but carrying out the instructions you gave (hem when you
voted. Perhaps you did not know
when you marked your ballot that you
were asking them to "soak" ji.u, hut
"Ignorance of the law is no excuse."
WANTED. Every Socialist arid
Unionist to take Shares Brandon
Labor Temple Co. Capital $15,-
000 in $1.00 shares, payable in 4
monthly instalments. Write for
prospectus. E. Fulcher, Box 673,
Brandon, Man.
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone seniltn« a sketch nnd description mar
(.HlnklT uncertain our opinion free whether an
invention la prohably piilcntablo.   Cnniiiiiiiilen-
.iiventlnn la probably piilontablo.   r	
tloiisstrlcllycoiillclontlii!. HANDBOOK on Patent*
sent. Iren. Oldest nceucy for securing patents.
Pntuiila taken through Munn A XT "
tjifcittl untiet. without, chiinro. In tbe
usb Munn & Co. receive-
Scientific American.
A handsomely il hint rut ed weekl y. Lnnicut circulation of any itclentIflc Journal. Terms, 99 &
year; four months, $1. Sold brail newidealm.
MUNN & Co.36"""-'New York
Uranch Offlce, 624 F St. WaVllniitoii. I). C.
\V7ANTED—Miners lo keep away
™\ from  the  Nicola  Valley,   as the
strike is still on.
D. K. McDOLALD.
President.
What to Read on Socialism
By Charles H. Kerr, Editor of tbe International
Soclullst lteview. Klehty beautifully printed
pages, with many portraits of socialist writers.
Includes a simple, concise statement of the principles of socialism. One copy free on request.
lu mailed for 10c; 100 for 11.00; 1.000 for tlO.OO.
CHARLE8 H. KL R«c & CO.
103 Klnzle Street, Chloago, III.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
teSSjrbf
CimTMHa-r UnintUonS Un'S?of /fineries
Union-made Cigars,
aiuj dntrhrt. tt
u«,seiid*taOUM<imiM    .
MBs35i film ltlrifflSteiiTiiailii|»lsi
1 Jt.' (AUtUu4, An**
c.Kf-
roc
•*MMU
Kim u, m m» ■« a, • fiSte IWm
'Which Stands for a Living' Wage
Vancouver Local 357.
555
TO
fl If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office snd vie will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi cost of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Has Company, Limited.

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