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Western Clarion Nov 12, 1910

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The Only cMoveme' ? in Line With Modern  Development
"If Socialism Is the ny of the
farmer its up to him to study it in
.order to combat it:" thus the Editor
of the Grain Growers Guide. True
enough, its up to him to study it anyway for one fine day he will be called
upon to accept it. Furthermore, if the
reader has but patience enow to finish
1 this screed, we will try and show him
I that so far from being the famous
enemy; Socialism is his last hope. The
, prevailing notion amongst the rural
population seems to be that Socialists
are a set of   half   demented   cranks,
) whose business in life Is to plague their
fellows lives, with dreams of an absurd
Utopia. Indeed it is quite otherwise,
Socialism is the political expression of
the working class discontent. Discontent is an effect, what is the cause?
Great poverty in the midst of great
the fate of an army going into battle
without knowing where, or how; disordered and discouraged they will
waste (heir strength in vain. The G.
G. A. can and do manage to remedy
slight evils, to clip off here and there
some petty robbing, to make the railways come to the line with compensation for damage—when they want to.
The G. G. G. Co., can and does help to
get wheat graded rightly, can get the
market price in Winnipeg or Port Arthur (just as the ordinary commission
agent does), for their customers and
can and does pay a good dividend to
their shareholders, just as other capitalist concerns do. There is nothing
remarkable about the G. G. G. Co. It
is doing business as business is done
today. This being so, let us see just
how these organizations will pan out
wealth.    The working class  produce In the end.   The death knell of both is
all the wealth and the master-class
takes it, giving back to the worker
enough to keep him alive.
We see, then, that Ihe cause of this
discontent is an economic one, hence
the Socialists are students of economics. Economics is a science. Upon
the conclusions we reach from our economic study is founded our Philosophy; hence we are both scientists and
philosophers. That is, of course, those
who study deep enough. A large amount of patient study is necessary before one is able to justly lay down
claim to the title of Socialist and be
able to support his standpoint, with
tho r.ledge hammer logic of Marxian
economics. The Socialist position ls
irrefutable and has yet to be exploded.
For the man who can come forward
with a real live idea which will put
a dent in our economics, there is a pot
spelled in the law of value. We speak
of value carelessly, because we do not,
as a rule understand it. How is the exchange value of wheat determined?
Why is wheat a certain price? Let us
see. Wheat, and Indeed all farm stuffs,
are not produced so much for use as
for sale, they are commodities, things
Of course the farmer cannot produce
wheat any more than a miner can dig
coal, for you see society digs coal and
produces grain; society produces all
Now in building the noble houses
and barns which grace most of our
Western farms, we use rough logs ns
a rule. Suppose then you go to the
woods and cut down a set of these and
haul them home, how is it that standing In the bluffs they had no value,
yet when they get home this quality
of money.   Hence around the Socialist- has grown upon them? Is it your want
Standard in all countries where capi-,of them?    No, for now the want is
talism exists, is gathered the cream of
the working class, studying, working,
Now, fellow farmer, listen for a
moment. You have the average amount of common sense. Consider this.
Let us suppose that we come in contact with a man who has made a
close study of biology, and that he
starts in to tell us something about it.
Without listening to one word he has
to say we start in and insult him;
declare that all he says is popycock,
rubbish, impossible, nonsense, etc.
Would not lhat be a stupid thing? Ol
course it would and yet, that is Just
the position of you and the well-posted
Socialist. He is a student of economics and ns a rule, cun tell you much
you do not know, upon this somewhat
obscure, but all Important (to you),
subject. Consider how positively stupid and ignorant you appear to him,
think what an exhibition of crass men.
tal blightedness you are making of
yourself. You object; "but that is only
the Socialist Idea nflcr all and every
man has a right to his own notion."
Only the Socialist idea; that is all.
Only the result of the patient research
and study of the most acute brains of
the last few decades. The gathering
together and sifting, and distilling nnd
re-sifting of nil the evidence obtainable. The result of years of delving ln,
musty records and libraries. Only
that; and your Ideas of economics are,
as a rule, picked up here and there,
read in the scrap columns of capitalist
newspapers, culled from the top lines
of infant copy books, or gleaned from
the illuminating pages of the various
farm journals.
This ls no harsh summing up. Ninety-
nine per cent, of you could not for a
thousand dollars answer the following
question: "How is value determined?
What is a commodity? What is profit?
What is rent? Where does the robbery of the workers take place?"
The Grain Grower's Guide reflects
the "economics" taught at tho meetings of the Grain Growers' Association.
In lt we are told the poverty In England ts due to the fearful drunkenness
of the working class, etc., which ls an
absolute confession of economic Ignorance. The G. G. A. has thrown down
the gauntlet upon the economic field
to the Capitalists. They are engaging
in an economic struggle without a
clear Idea of the battlefield.   Think of
supplied, they still have value at at
once appears if your neighbor comes
along and makes a bid for them. How
will you figure out what to charge him?
And suppose he wants them hewn, why
will the price be higher? Why you
will reckon the labor it cost you to
get them out, will you not? But how
menstire labor? You cannot charge for
one light stroke and one heavy one can
you? No, you will reckon the TIME
you spent on the job. Labor measured
in time is then the basis upon which
commodities exchange; it. determines
their value. But as Society produces
commodities so it is tho, socially necessary   labor time    required
The value of grain, then, will be determined by the socially necessary labor time required to produce it, and
how can you 6x4 farmers hope to produce it in competition with the modern methods of farming? You are
doomed, and with your fall the G. G. A.
must die a natural death If lt linger
on that long. You are faced with this
state of affairs; you must either rise
up into the capitalist class or sink into
the wage-working prolatariat. All cannot rise; only a few. The vast majority must sink down below their present position, wretched as that is even
now. This process has already run
its course in the industrial field, and it
is because labor-saving machinery has
only lately come into the farming line,
that we see so many little nominal
property holders engaged in this
branch of work. Our lord, the machine, has not had a fair chance until
lately, but is getting in his hand now.
The small farmer, with his little machines, is indeed a wage-worker, and
only gets his cost of subsistence, i. e.,
the values necessary to keep him alive
and fit for work. Now, some of our
trade have risen above us and look to
be on the way to the capitalist class.
Why is this? Labor power is a commodity, and exchanges on the overage at value, but is sometimes above
and sometimes below. In odd corners where no hail or frost has come
for years, some farmers have, by the
most cheeslng-parlng methods and the
most superhuman labor managed to
scrape together and retain that amount
of value which has come their way,
above the cost of subsistence. This
has been augmented by lucky deals in
horse flesh or real estate upon a small
scale, and by the fact that, they are
unmarried, their luck has held and in
time we find them living in town with
slaves running their farms, some raising as high as 25,000 bushels of grain
per year. It is clear we cannot any
longer look upon these as slaves or
workers at all. Are they capitalists?
We are of the opinion that they are
but perhaps a Harrington or a Lestor can prove otherwise. The fate of
these, however, is also sealed, for the
machinery of farming is growing so
large that only trusts will in the near
future be able to own and control It
and already the industrial Capitalists
are looking toward the land as a new
means of investment. The man whose
slaves raise 25,000 bushels per year
will look like a pigmy alongside the
real captains of industry and will be
treated as such. Again, the ever-growing frequency of panics put many out
of business, but space will not permit
of our detailing the effects of panics
and their cause, upon the reader.
That the farmers suffer greatly because of them is true, but of this more
anon. Now, fellow farmer, its up to
you. The laws of Capitalist production are unalterable. The Socialist
knows this and wants you to realize
it also. That is why he is for ever
thrusting books and leaflets upon you,
that is why he is so ready to expound
his economics. The Capitalist does
not want you to get wise, that is why
all books and papers emanating from
Capitalist sources are tainted with untruth, Socialism can only be realized
when a large majority of workers understand their true position, and then
wo shall go, seize upon the state and
abolish the present method of production. For production for profit we
shall produce for use, for the present
system of "dog eat dog," we shall
substitute a system of peace and plenty. You are being beaten at the game
of business. There is a way out and
so we ask you as plain business men
to look into this plain business proposition of Socialism.
With Observations on The (Making of Profit.
In my daily grind I am often called
an impossibillst because of the uncompromising stand I take, viz., that the
abolition of class property is the only
remedy for the various ills which
afflict society; and that this is the only
where its members may be required,
there to sell their labor-power. It
would perhaps be well here to devote
a little attention to this word labor-
power. What is labor-power? Labor-
power may bo defined as the ability to
concern of the slave class.   The aholi- 'labor—that mental and physical energy
tion of class property in the machinery
of production and the natural resources of the earth means the end ot
labor-power as a commodity, and the
end of labor-power as a commodity
must of necessity bring the ond of
economic slavery. Viewed from this
which'standpoint tho  impossibiiist  stand  is
gives value to a commodity. A few
years ago when farming was carried
on In a very primitive manner, much
labor was spent upon the production
of grain and the price in the world's
market was high.
These were the days when the
scythe, hoe and cradle wore In vogue.
Then a huge quantity of labor time was
consumed in the production of farm
produce.    Soon things began to move,
the only sane and consistent stand that,
can be taken by the rebellious workers. The position neld by the workers
to-day is that of abject slavery. A
brief review of the different kinds of
slavery that have existed in the past
mny not be out of place.
The flrst form of slavery .which
came upon the scene when the communal tribal organizations faded away
was  chattel  slavery.    Under  chattel
the scythe and cradle developed Into slaverJ' we nn(1 ,ne slavo owned ns n of life, and enable him to reproduce
.■hich applied to raw material produces
wealth, labor-power being practically
the life force of the individual, we
cannot separate it from ourselves and
live, so when we soli our labor-power
we must of necessity sell ourselves
at the same time.
Labor-power is a commodity. What
is a commodity? A commodity, to bo
brief, is something produced or made
primarily for sale or exchange. As
the wage-slave cannot live save by
the sale of his labor-power, it. stands
to reason that he is a commodity.
Wo find that the present wage worker
differs somewhat from tho other slaves
which came before him. But, since,
on the average, ho receives merely
enough to procure him Ihe necessities
the reaper, the self-binder and reaper. Iohattel by nls master, who took all
Then a bundle carrier was added. now|the slnve Produced, giving thorn back
a "shocker" attachment, next a shocklsufflclcnt of the necessities of life lo
loador, which picks up whole shocks mako °"9m flt t0 Produce more.   When
of grain and dumps them into a rack.
chattel slavery went out of existence,
What next?   These, for farms where owtn8 to Improvements in the mode of
the natural surface of the land will not
admit of the last glory of agricultural
mechanics, the self-binder, reaper and
thresher being used. From the hoe,
the wooden plow, the iron plow, the
gang plow, the gang plow with harrows
fixed upon lt, the engine gang with
packer and harrows complete. From
the sytho, the mower and self-dump
rako, the side delivery rake and loader, tho sweep and stacker. From the
flail, whose sound was heard all winter upon the granary floor, to the self-
feeding, threshing and weighing machine with blower strawhandler, with
2,000 bushels per day capacity. Thus
Is the exchange value of wheat forever
lowered, and this year, although grain
Is scarce, we flnd prices continually
being forced downward, and before
Christmas, it is safe to assume, the
splendid price of 50 cents will have
been reached, and the G. G. G. Co
are handling over 1,000,000 bushels
of grain per week without making
any difference.
getting a living, it was replaced by
another form, called serfdom. Here
we flnd the serf-slave, not so much
owned directly by the master, as tied
to the land. The feudal lord owned the
land and the serf labored on the lord's
land a certain number of days and in
return for this labor, was allowed to
work a certain period of time on
another portion of land set nslde for
his use nnd to retain whatever he
produced thereon.
An Interesting fact here presents
inself. The chattel slave could not
accumulate any surplus nnd the same
applied to Ihe average serf, since, on
the whole, the portion of land set aside
for thein to work on was only sufficient to enable them to produce
enough to keep them in working order
and propagate their species. When
serfdom became obsolete owing to
further improvements In the mode of
production a new form of slavery took
Its place. This form we still have v/lth
us ln the wage system.
Capitalism requires a working class
free to go to any part of the globe
his portion Is in a close analysis
found to be almost Identical with
The worker being through bis labor-
power, practically a commodity, he
conforms to the laws of comomdities.
No trust has ever succeeded for any
period of time in raising the price of
any commodity above value. Therefore it stands to reason that no labor
trust, union or other industrial organization, of labor-power, the most perishable of all commodities, will be
able to achieve this result. Neither
can they emancipate Ihe workers.
Should we obtain through them eight
hour days, we will still be enslaved.
Should government ownership como
into being we still remain slaves. No
matter what we get so long as labor-
power remains a commodity our position cannot be materially improved.
It is for this reason that I am not
Interested in reform. Society may
perhaps be, to a certain extent, "reformed" in the Interests of the ruling
class but il can never be reformed so
lhat the condition of the wage-worker
will bo materially benefitted. So long
as class property exists, labor-power
will be a commodity and so long as
labor-power is a commodity the working class will be ln a slave position.
One of the characteristics of the
wage slave is that when he has a full
stomach, he seldom stops to think
whether or no he will always have the
means whereby to fill it.
Does the average worker know that
the productive power of labor applied
to machinery is on the increase? That
labor-saving machinery is continually
being invented and improved upon?
Does he ever stop to wonder why
it is that with all the up-to-date machinery, steam engines, motors, telegraphs, etc., thst the working class,
as a class, are no better off than their
ancestors of one hundred and fifty
years ago?
The wage worker thinks he is better off because civilization has reached a higher plane, and because his
master, through the press, pulpit,
school, etc., tell him so. Behold! say
the masters, we have electric light,
where previously we had candles, we
have luxurious Pullman cars in place
of stage coaches and miserable roads,
we have swell autqs and fine houses,
we can travel and visit all the beauty
spots of the earth. Yea, verily, we
are better off.
Of course, THEY are, but the wage
worker has no electric light, nor does
he travel by the Pullman route. His
auto is a second-hand wheel, and his
house a .shack. Why, not one wage
earner in fifty lives in a modern house
and the few that do are scratching all
their time to keep up their payments
on the loan. And when the wage earner travels it '.& r,t>* for the benefit of
his health, nor to see beautiful scenery, but in search of a job. And
while on the way he tr.wels, not on
the luxurious Pullman, but very often
on the rods or on the blind baggage.
No, th* condition of wage earners is
no bettor than that of the workers before the, advent of steam. You have
heard ol "Merrie England." You have
heard i our grandfather talk of the
"good eld times." History tells us the
worke-s that lived during the transition period did not care for the
change, lt took many police and many
soldiers o hold them down, and even
then they smashed the machines, burned the '.sctorles, etc. Do you think
j that if they had had a ballot that thoy
would have voted for Ihe system that
they hated? Not on your life; they
were MEN.
The working men of ono hundred
years ago smashed, burned and buried
.the machine that was doing their
work. We know hotter now; we know
that the machine docs not got the pro.
flt that Is derived by displacing workers; we know lhat the OWNER OF
THE MACHINE gets it. So if wo wish
to benefit ourselves, we must own tho
Is machinery still displacing labor?
Will the condition of tho worker he
made worse thereby?    Yes.
Proof? You have no doubt watched
tho digging machine at work digging
telephone, gas and steam-heat mains.
With the aid of four men this machine digs about one-half mile of
trench, five foot deep, per day, doing
the work of 160 men. Thcro is an example of labor displaced, and many
men thrown out on the labor market
to compete with you.
Take also the C. P. 11. trains. With
the advent of the "2600" class of engine two years ago, the C. P. R. won;
ible to haul as much freight with two
trains where previously it took three;
one train crew compeling with the
others for a job!
Or ask any of your friends lhat
work on the C. P. IL repair track,
about the new Bteel frame freight cars.
They will tell you that they want little or no repairing in comparison with
tho old wooden ones: More carmen
looking for work.
Tho only possible solution is to own
the jobs. That Is Socialism, and you
need lt.
A Profitable Industry
"The women chain makers of Cradley Heath are seeking to obtain the
pitiful   minimum   wage of   2%d.  an avenue.
hour for the severest labor lhat women ever had to do.
"They number about 500; most of
them are mothers or grandmothers.
"Year after year, in the most dismal
surroundings, they work with hammer
and anvil before blazing furnaces, to
win the barest subsistence for themselves, their children, and, too often,
their husbands.
"Tne story of the dispute was told
yesterday to the 'Daily Mirror' by Miss
Mary MacArthur, the women workers*
leader, who is leading the chain makers.   »   *   *
"On the old scale the average wage
has not been above five shillings a
week, and a great many never earned
(received) that.
"Some of these poor women work
fourteen hours a day, and the work is
so heavy that it taxes a strong man
to do it.
"The 2Vfcd. minimum will give them
11 shillings a week!
"If you go into thevforges to speak
to them, they answer without pausing
for a moment. Their babies get burnt
by the sparks from the fire and cry,
but they dare not Btop even for that,
or there would be no food. They go
on and on and on, these women, hammering the hot iron, and they cannot
give themselves a moment's resL
"The women think 2'^d. an hour a
wonderful price. It means in soma
cases 150 per cent, increase on what
they were getting. Yet 2%d. an hour
for such toil is terribly little.
"So many of them are wives with-
children. As soon as the child is old
enough, the mother teaches her how
to close tbe links.
"One woman there has a blind husband and two young children. The
husband sits and hands up the iron,
blows the bellows, and does other little groping things to help hor. She
earns below six shillings a week, and
that is all the miserable family gets.
"The chain makers of Cradley Heath
never see good meat or milk.    Potatoes and bacon are luxuries.  They lite '
on stewed tea and bread and oatmeal."
Daily Mirror, London, England.
In that short extract from a capitalist newspaper you can get an Idea of
tho heamies ol this best of nil systems for producing wealth.
That is the kind of thing yon vote
for each time yon cast a ballot for a
Liberal or for a Conservative. Are
you proud of your work? Can you,
after dropping n ballot In the box,
marked for Liberal or Conservative,
swell out your cheat and say that you
have done your duty once mure? If
you can. then all I can say to you is
that I wonld like to have you making
chains for a while. If 1 had the power.'
I would mnke you lickspittles of capitalism sweat. I would make you hammer chains till you were ready to drop,
and thou some.
Have yen to no through the name
experience before you will g,-: .-enact
Can't yon take a lesson from othara'
troubles? It's their turn now, it may
be yours next, then yon will Utility,,
Do not  think  because  tins   j, |>
stance Is quoted that it is ihe only
one. Thcro are thousands or »'>B)**B
getting practically the same wag*.
Proof? Why, if there was a demand
for labor power tho women would all
quit and got a bettor Job. The ro(
why thoy don't got another Job is,!
cause thoy can't. Thoy have tho-,-
tion of the workers I ho world ovl
work   at  the   capitalists'   pilot
sturve! El). FllLClll'flfc     '
Local Brandon holds regular probanda meetings Sundays at 2:HO and
7:30, at corner of I'noifle avenueWill
Eighth St. Also at hcndquuricr' avery Sunday nt 8. P  m. ,
Business meeting 2nd. nntl Itli., Man-
days Ut S p. 111.
Economic class every Thiusilaj' at
8 p. m.
Headquarters and reading renin always open.
Socialist hall, room 10 Nation blook,
over Adams'  Shoo  store,  801   KoMMr. Two
SATURDAY,  NOVEMBER   12,  1910.
Published e\ery Saturday by the
BoclaliBt Party of Cajiadu, at the Office
ot the Western Clarion, Flack Block
Basement, 165 Hastings street, Vancouver, B. C.
■fl.OO P«r Year, 50 cents for Six Months,
3S oents for Tbree MontUi.
Strictly In Advance.
BuBdles   of  5   oc more   copies,   for  a ,    .      , ,.   , ,.
•fu-iod of not less tlon three months, at  react aDOUl inai nine.
til* rate of one cent per copy per issue.
Advertising rates on application.
If  you  receive  this  paper,  it  Is  paid
Why? Because below them Is a
class which must be kept In subjection if it is to be exploited. Thoy are
the masters of slaves and they must
"preserve order." The motto of the
Portuguese republic
"Work and Order."
is because in this country, as in most
others, gold is taken as the standard
substance used for expressing values.
That is, the relative value of one commodity to another is estimated by
is significant— ',the relation of both commodities to the
standard substance.
With the Social Revolution it will It follows, then, that any saving in
be otherwise, for it will be tbe slaves' the prodution of gold will lower its
revolution. Beneath them will be no value in relation to the sum of re-
class to be kept in order and at work, mainlng commodities. The main thing
There will be no threatened revolu- to be grasped is that the using of gold,
tlon from below. There may at flrst as a standard substance for the ex-
be a danger of reaction on the part of Ipresslon of relative values, does not
the dethroned capitalists, but we have free it from the economic laws go-
a hunch there won't be much left to [vernlng commodities.   This can easily
•be seen by referring to other branches
In the field of science.
Economics is not the only branch of
In making remittance by cheque, exchange must be added. Address all
communications and make all money
orders  payable  to
Box 1688 Vanconver, B. 0.
science that deals with relatively known
factors. Por instance, take physics;
we all know thai a pound of silver
weighs as much as a pound of gold,
but this tells us nothing about their
relation, in density, or in mass, to one
It is frequently said of Socialists
that they are a menace to "law and
order." Just how many laws might
be broken as, in our rude blundering
way, we attempted to achieve the
object of our modest desires, is dif- another. To flnd out their relation, in
flcult to say, for, although laws are jdenslty, or mass, we must seek the aid
made to be obeyed, it costs something ,of sPeciflc gravity, that is, the corn-
to get them interpreted. The aver- Prison 0f the heaviness of a sub-
age wage-worker has but little lime ,stance wltn that °f a standard sub-
i to devote to the understanding 0f stance.
Watch the label on your pa- ]egaJ enactments made ,)y the repre. | In the case of liquids and solids,
sentatives he elects for that purpose. ,water at ^e point of its maximum
so he supports a large staff of legal density, that is, at four degrees cen-
and spiritual advisers to keep him i HSrade- is taken as the standard,
from erring. The result of their iWith relation to this standard silver
solemn counsel is lhat he should be (has a sneciflo S^Ity of 10.6 and gold
guided ever by the wishes of his a sl"-*dm' Krilvi,v '"' ■9-3- So b-V ■»<-'
Now, since that advice is designed
to operate for the basely material
betterment of the said employers and
CftO     l>er'   I£ tD'3 numDer ia on *'■
y||Q     your subscription expires the
next issue.
The successful revolution  In Portu
gal and the one working out in Spain thg reverse for the worker8) Sor,'alism
are not without their lessons for the
working class.
One most prominent feature about
tbem is that their real causes and
their apparent causes bear not the remotest resemblance to one another.
What we see is monarchy, autocracy
and "misgovernment" overthrown and
republicanism, democracy and good
government triumphant. It seems all
a question of principle, and we have
not the slightest doubt that the mass
of the revolutionaries and their lenders either actually are inspired by
"high principles" or sincerely believe
they are and that those who died, died
heroically fighting for a "cause."
It consorts therefore with the everlasting ironies that these revolutions,
in common with others, should be, in
reality, most unprincipled affairs wholly inspired by sordid considerations of
common cash. Underlying the anticlerical movement, which furnishes the
greater part of the momentum for
these  revolutions,  is  no  high  smiled
use of the standard the relation of the
one  element to  the  other  is  known,
and by exactly the same method tn the
field of exchange the relation of one
commodity to another is found.
seeks   seduotivelv   „.   lead   the   Inner      As water at four degrees centigrade
along other and  more alluring lines is at its maximum density, it follows
of conduct.   Having succeeded, it were
unwise to prognosticate how many
mighty statutes might be shattered
or bruised. And really, after some
years of legislation, laws and litigations, we shouldn't mind a change.
Therefore, as to that part of the
above charge, Socialists might better
plead guilty than argue the point.
In regard to the "order" part of
the indictment, our fancy sees an
observant and philosophic owl who
joins us in a smile. What a spectacle
this poor human must present to his
brother animals as he prates of order,
that either cooling or heating would
cause it to expand and so change its
relation to other liquids and solid
As to physics, so in the realm of
economics, anything causing a change
in the standard substance will throw
it out of relation with the remaining
exchange values.
As it is the amount of necessary
labor in gold that allows it to be used
as a standard substance, and as
through more effective methods of
producing gold, the quantity of ueces-
sary labor contained in a given quan-
even while scurrying madly about thel-11-*- of Sold is continually decreasing,
surface of the earth in search of ,its '"elation to other commodities falls
food  that  lies  under his   nose.    The and Prices lise'
most pugnacious of all creatures, he
rests from vicious combat only to
poin out his peacefulness. Bewainlng
crime, he plasters murder all over
his newspapers to make them sell.
One does not know when Man is at
question of freedom of thought and be- h,s best—bemoaning his  poverty,  or
lief, but the purely commercial one of
freedom from clerical competition In
production for profit. The monasteries
and nunneries of the Iberian peninsula are hives of industry, "manned" by
"brothers" and "sisters," who receive
in return for their steady and unflagging toil no other remuneration than
tho frugal fare of the refectory. With
such cheap labor the "legitimate" capitalist slave-driver who pays wages can.
not hope to compete and make much
of a fortune, consequently his leanings
are to anti-clericalism. And the wage
slave feels the pinch too, his market
for the sale of his labor power being
restricted. He "wants work" and
these monastics are doing him out of
a job. "Down with the monasteries!"
The king, Manuel or Alfonso, as the
caso may be. stands for this "Down
with him loo!"
Then there are the foreign capitalists inspired with the benign ambition
to "develop" the country's resources.
and the International Pawnbrnkerage
becoming fearful lest the king's corrupt and incompetent, ministers should
proudly praising his riches and power.
Order! So far as tho term applies
to a man-created condition, where is
it? Never was society in such a state
ot turmoil as at present. Industrial
disasters vie with political upheavals
for the centre of the stage. Explosions
and clashes of arms keep an army
busy seeking their causes. In the
midst of it all, politicians, priests and
professors gaze piously upon the skies
and strive to outdo each other in expressing their bewilderment.
It is such "order" as this that Socialism would upset. Who would be so
cruel as'to deny it that pleasure? It
Is a question as to which would he
the more interesting—the picturesque-
ness of a greater pandemonium, or the
establishment of
peace and quiet.
Local Vancouver (No. 1) Economic
Class will be held Sunday, Nov. 20th,
in O'Brien's Hall. All those interested
are requested to atend.
A man twenty years in the army
writes to praise the military service
as a place for young men. They say
that after a man has been in jail a
certain length of time he doesn't want
to pet out. Let's hear from a recruit.
"I gaze into the glassy eye of your
fearsome Jehovah and pluck him by
the beard—I uplift a broad-axe and
split open his worm-eaten skull."
The foregoing  is  a sample of the
new creed of capitalism, which  will
some  semblance of [become more and more In demand, as
the slaves realize the worthlesncss of
so-called Christian morality, and pro-
THE INCREASED COST OF LIVING, ,ceed to set up their own standards of
  'right and wrong, in their own inler-
What is the cause of the Increase in ests. To quote further:
the cost of living? This is the ques- "I deny all things! I question all
tion that everybody is asking. It is things! and yet!—Gather around me
the most absorbing topic of the day. o! ye death defiant and the earth
bankrupt the country and they should ,Tho newspapers are full of it, unions itself shall he thine, to have and to
have   difficulty    In    collecting   their discuss it, and preachers condemn it. ;hold."
pounds of flesh. It is an important question for wage      "What are religions and literatures
That these latter "revolutionary" earners, as it means that they must if their grandest productions are
forces behind the scones were of no either secure a considerable Increase hordes of faithful slaves?"
small magnitude may be understood in their wages, or they must accept a i "Although the average man has
from the manner in which "public opin- .lower standard of living. They nattir- jiaken no part in manufacturing moral
ion" was manufactured, through the ally rebel at the thought of having to I codes and statute laws, yet how he
hireling press of the most important acept a lower standard of living, and 'obeys them with dog-like submisslve-
counfries, against Manuel, by means an attempt to secure Increased wages ness. He is trained to obedience, like
of simultaneously published "press dis- equal to the increased cost of living is oxen are broken to the yoke of their
patches" relating the corruption of his,sure to be resented by employers and masters."
are to be found in "Might is Right."
Read the following Mr. Worker, and
then holler some more for liberal-conservatism. "If they" (our ancestors)
"could come alive again how those old
Flrat es and Freebooters would stare
in shame and scorn at the sight of
their tender-foot posterity, walking up
in solemn, horny-handed, hump-backed
procession, in shoddy rags, before an
idol-altar called a ballot-box, dropping
into its gilded maw, printed invocations for Justice, Mercy, Liberty,
'Peace in our time! Lord,'—Protection,
Cheap Money, more laws! more laws!
more laws!"
You, Mr. and Mrs. or flliss worker,
read further what your masters think
of you, and the next lime you get a
chance, vote for a continuance of the
conditions which justify their opinion,
the Liberal or Conservative tioket.
Above all don't listen to a Socialist
speaker or read a Socialist book, they
are athiestic you ,aiow. Keep praying
for deliverance and when you die your
prayer will be answered.
I "No ono can study the laborers on
a farm, the 'hands' in a big foundry,
the seamen in a large sea-port, the
nomadic hirelings on a railroad construction gang; or the clerks and
salesmen in a city warehouse, without
perceiving at a glance, that the vast
majority of them are extremely poor
specimens of humanity. The ideal
type of manhood or womanhood (that
Is to. say, 'Ye thoroughbred'), is not
jto be found among these captive
hordes—for captive they really are.
Their heads are to a large extent
unsynietrical, their features distorted,
ape-like, unintelligent. Their bodies
are out of all proportion, dwarfed,
stunted, diseased, malformed, cretinous.
i Their movements are contracted,
HVtifical, ungainly, and their minds
(outside of routine) are utter vacuums.
When compared with the traditional
idea of Strength, Beauty, Courage, and
Nobleness of Character, they are an
'extremely ill-bred herd of cattle, exhibiting all the psychological st.g-
mata of Inherited rain-rot and physical
] decay.
' Nine-tenths of them are positively
repulsive in language, mentality and in
general appearance. They display an
extraordinary low -average of animal-
ity; and upon the slightest exposure
| perish off like sheep that have the
| Hard, continuous methodical labor,
[destroys courage, saps vitality, and
demoralizes character. It tames and
|subdues men; just as it tames and
'subdues the wild steer or the young
Icolt. Men who labor hard and con-
jtinuously have no power to think. It
I requires all their vital force to keep
their muscle in trim.
Indeed, the civilized city working-
man and working woman- are the lowest and worst type of animal ever
evolved from dust and slime and
oxygen. They actually worship work,
and bow down before Law as an ox-
team crouches and strains under the
Look upon their shrunken cheeks,
their thin lips, their narrow retreating irresolute jaws, their decayed
teeth, sharp puny noses, small watery
bent shoulders, dry hair tending to
baldness, straggling thin beards; the
women with pinched features, waspish
fragile waists, want of bust development, consumptive, neurotic, atiflcially
barren, emaciated, hungry, dwarfed,
Yes! look upon them my little
brother to the jackass and console
yourself with the dignity of labor."
One more shot my dear brother in
Christ and I will leave you to think it
| "From whatever side wo view him,
the average hireling is a shameless
contemptible being. He cannot be
classified among 'men.' and more than
a capon can be classified as a game-
|cock. Continuous drudgery stiffens
his body—ossifies both hand and brain
I—makes him an idiot ln fact. Hirelings are nearly always on the verge
of pauperdom—always praying, howl-
,ing  and   weeping  before   their  task-
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Part>
of Canada should run a curd under till,
head. $1.00 per month. Secretarle.
please note.
Soclalist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 16S8, Vancouver,  B.  C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Partj
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday ln
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province. P. Dunby, Sec, Box 617 Calgary
tlve Committee. Meets llrst and third
Tuesdays In the month at 12 1-2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring Information about the movement In Manitoba, or who wishes to
join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebblngs,
Sec, 316 Good St.,  Winnipeg.
h,.m    ,-!?!'mla'*' i;3u *'•""•  "*  McGregoi
Secret ''   Thos-   Robe"ts
LOCAL   LADYSMITH  NO.   10,   S.  P.   Oi
c. Business meetings every Saturdai
't piin' J," headquarters on First Ave
J.   H.   Burrough,  Box  SI,  Ladysmlth
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday a
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P O
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Brand
meets in T Inlanders' Hall, Sundays a
1:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. o. Bo:
54 Kosslund.
tive Committee, Socialist Party ol
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKlnnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 4'J1„ Glace Buy, ,N. S.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   B,  C,  NO.  1.—
Canada.       Business    meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry,  Secretary,  Box 1688.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 2jj7
Westminster Avenue, Secretary, Wm.
LOCAL   NELSON,  S.  P.   of   C,   MEETI
every Friday evening at S p. m, I
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. c. 1 A Aus
tin.  Secy.
LOCAL YMIR, B. C, Wo. 31, 8. P. of C
—Meeta every third Saturday ii
month, at 7:30 p. m. E. Anderson
Secretary; w. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer
Unattached Comrades In the dlstric
"'•e-,;""s» requested to get ln toucl
with Secretary, who wlll answer al
or (... Meetings every Sunday at .
!',""; '» [be Labor Hall, Barber Bloch
Eighth Aye. E, (near postofflce). Clul
and Reading iloom. Labor Hall, T
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Mac
flonald,   Organizer,  Box  617
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9
Miners; Hull and Opera House at i
P.m. Everybody welcome to call. H. J
Smith, Secy.
P. of O. Hearauarters 622 First st]
Business and propaganda meeting!
every ihursday ut 7:30 p.m. shard
tint- Bending Boom is open to the pub]
ic free, from HI a.m. to 11 p.m. dull?
-. Bloke, 649 'Athabasca Ave., Seora!
lury. Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourti
St., Organizer.
LETTISH—Meets every second and
lust Sunday in Uie month, 2 p. tn.
!•:. .1. Weinberg, 41) Ave., South Hill.
.1. schogart, Secretary, Box HH6,
Vancouver,  B.  c.
Headquarters und Beading Itoom,
523 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Tlieatre. K.
Thomas, Secretary.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,   NO.   8,   S.   P.   of  C.
meets every alternate Sunduy evening
ill Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propugundu
meeting commences at S:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Bee. Secy., Box S26.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C.   HOLDS
educational meetings in the .Miners'
Union Hull, Victoria Ave., Fernle, every Sunduy evening ut 7:45. Business
meeting llrst Sunday in each muntli,
same place at 2:30 p, in.
David  Puton,  Secy.,  Box  101.
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, 38, 8. P. of C,
meets every seoond und last Frlduy In
each month. Chas. Clianey, Sec, Box
127 Vernon,  B.  C.
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hall In Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m.   L. H. Gorliam, Secretary.
C, meets every Sunduy in Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are Invited to call. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
government and his own extravagance merchants generally.
and immorality. Ye gods, think of
Capital horrified at extravagance and
Immorality, particularly immorality.
As if almost the entire male popula-
''tlon of every civilized country were
not given to tho very same practices
M Manuel, varied only in degree by
'So (hen our revolutions boil down to
a most materialistic struggle between
Mother Church and Father Capital
Over the juice wrung from the sweated
bodies of the workers. In Portugal,
Father has won out, and is winning out
ln Spain.
In each case it. is the political power
which is the objective. The power to
coerce. That strategical position won,
tho "revolutionist" becomes the "government," and can compel his. opponent to submit or get off the peninsula,
preferably the latter.
So soon, however, ns these revolutionists become firmly established in
the seats of the mighty, their revolu-
tionlsm will pass away. They will become as rabid anti-revolutionists as
they previously were determined rebels. Insurrection, from being a virtue,
will become a most horrible crime and
"will bo suppressed by as "firm" measures as ever the monarchy used.
The cost of living, as estimated hy
the Dominion government, was 48 per
cent, higher during 1909 than during
the ten-year period ending with 1900.
This is un enormous increase, and the
only consolation that ls offered by
newspapers is that it has not increased
so much as it will.
One of the causes of the trouble,
says the Philadelphia Ledger, is the
increased supply of gold. To the
average man this is paradox, but it
is very near the truth. The Increase
in the supply of gold Is really an effect
the cause of which is the better
method of producing gold and its consequent cheapening.
The cheapening of gold seems an
absurd expression to "the man In the
street." He thinks that the value of
gold can be expressed in terms of
gold. A moment's thought should dispel such ideas. To express the value
of gold in terms of gold tells us nothing. The value of gold can only be
expressed by its relation to other
commodities, and then only in thfct
whicli is universal in all commodities,
namely, labor.
How Is It, then, that the saving of
labor in one commodity, gold, should
have such an effect on the market?   It
"He who saith unto himself, 'I must
believe, I must not question,' is not
a man but a mere pusillanimous mental gelding. He who believes 'because
it has been handed down,' is a menial
in his heart, and he who believes,
'because it has been written,' is a fool
in his folly."
"Masterful men laugh with contempt
at spiritual thunders, and have no
occasion to dread the decision of any
human tribunal, they are above and
beyond all that. Laws and regulations are only for conquered vassals.
The free man does not require them.
He may manufacture and post up
Decalogue regulations to bind and control dependents with, but he does not
himself bow down before those inventions of his own hands,—except as
a lure."
"Is It not'a fact that in actual life,
the ballot-box votes of ten million
subjective personalities are as thistledown in the balance, when weighed
against the far-seeing thought and
material prowess of, say, ten strong
silent men?"
The foregoing Is taken from a book
entitled "Might is Right," which is
said to have Inspired Roosevelt, Cecil
Rhodes, etc. The outspoken opinions
of your masters regarding their slaves,
masters, crying out with a loud voice
like spoilt babies, 'O don't, hurt us—
don't hurt us—we are so good—so law
abiding—we love Jesus so!' Capitalists, kings and,presidents never take
these servile hounds into consideration
—nor do sensible women. In grand
affairs hirelings are merely inventoried
as so much raw material or so many
head of cattle.
The very idea of 'Labor' is in chains
and yokes. There is no dignity in a
bent back—no glory in a perspiring
brow—no honor in greasy copper-riveted rags. There is nothing very
delectable in picks, shovels, and calloused paws. 'Dignity of Labor!'—
Dignity of Hell!"
And having just delivered a carload
or so of potatoes I find myself in the
proper frame of mind to concur. And
for the benefit of ou" comrades who
are some aesthetic and spirituelle, I
am going to add a sincere heart-felt
we SOIlcl. tile    ._....
Engineer!, and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
byKxpefts. Preliminaryadviee free. Charges
modeiatt. Our Inventor'* Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marlon, New York tife Bldg,
Montreal.' *ttd Washington, D.O, U.S.A.
LOCAL KARA, B. C, NO. 34, 8. P. of C,
Meets first Sunday in every month in
Socialist Hail, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Koscman.   Recording  Secretary.
Propaganda and business meetings 'ul
?.,'?• '"' e,v<*r.v Sunday evening in the
l-.dison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are Invited  to  attend.    B.  F.  Dayman,  Se-
S. P. of 0.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sun
day in the month, at 4 p.m. li
Miners Hull. Secretary, chas
Peacock, Box 19S3. ,
WAN.—.Meets every .Sunduy. 3 p.m.
rrafles Hall, Scarth St. Secretary,
Alex, watchman, General Delivery
f-uiuilist speakers will be greatly an-
quarters, Kerr's Hull, 120 1-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite ltublln Hotel. Business meeting every Monday evening n
j p in. Propaganda meeting Sundaj
evening 8 pin. Everybody welcome
Secretary, J. W. Hilling, '270 Youns
OP C. Business meetings ind and
4th Wednesdays In the month, at
the Labor Temple, Church St. Outdoor propaganda meetings, Saturday,
8 p.m.. City Hull; Sunday afternoon,
3 p.m., nt University and Queen St:
Sunduy night. 8 p.m., at Shuter and
1 mige St. Speakers' Class every
Tl'u'*sduy. 8 p.m., nt Headquarter*.
79 Churoh St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor, 201 George St. -
*TKi eis ,Svor!f  Thursday   at   8  p.m.
at 252 Lulhousle St., for purtv business and economic, class. Wage-workers imlte-1. A. W. Uaker, Secretary,
0 George St. W. Davenport, 141 Nel-
sun St.. Organizer. N.B.—No "leaders"  wanted.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   P.   of  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday In
month, ond propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. In Kobert-
Allan Hall, 7S Rldeau St. John Lyons,
Secretary, 43 Centre St.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at s p.m. in Maedonald s hall, I nlon Street. All are welcome. Allied Nash, Corresponding Secretary, Glace Hay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office In D N
Rrndie Printing Co. building, Union
To Canadian  Socialists
On account of increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review In Canada
»..20 a year instead of J1.00. We
can, however, make the following
special  offers:
For $3.00 we will mall throo
copies of tile Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mail ten
copies of any one Issue.
For $3.00 we will mail the Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
134  West Klnzie St., Chicago.
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Executive
"Slave of The Farm," or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the  publishing fund,  $1.00
per 100, to others 25c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism'
to be pub-
"Value, Price and Profit," to subribers
to publishing fund $2 per 100,, to others
30c per doz.
"Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"  to subscribers  to   publishing
fund $6 per 100, to others 75c per doz.
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start  Local) $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and    application    blank
per 100   25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto in Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen       50
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    25c
The Rights of Man, Paine...    25c
The Story of Creation, Clodd  25c
Life of Jesus, Ronan    25c
Age of Reason, Paine     25c
Merrie England    20e
Ingersoll's Lectures, 1st, 2nd
and 3rd series  each 25c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
305  Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
Chas. Malcahey, Prop.
Tb1' Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D*. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
Editor Clarion.
Dear Comrade:—I have no doubt there
is general disappointment amongst
Reds all over the country that we failed to return a revolutionary from this
riding in our latest battle at the polls.
To all but those on the ground the task
presented no insurmountable difficulties.
We, who knew the situation, were
not optimistic, but, ever anxious to
spread the gospel of Socialism, entered into the fight with good grace
Comrade Lestor's letter as to bad
organization In the Socialist Party
in Clarion No. 004 was to the point.
It is organization which Is necessary, vitally necessary, a fact which
has been often pointed out by the
writer. His remarks about business
meetings are in order, unfortunately,
also about the "chew-the-rags of scientific filagree," for such usually spend
the time In splitting a hair about sixteen times, sitting about the stove and
spitting on it and talking atyout the
and I am satisfied to report that this j class  struggle,  instead  of  using  the
riding has been stirred by the doctrine as it has never been stirred before, not even at the general election.
The old story of disfranchised
workers is the reason for the result.
We have to admit, that the Conservative Party stole a inarch on us, In attending to the Voter's List, ami had
it carefully cooked to their taste. In
addition to this, owing to a lengthy
period of short time at the mines,
lasting from the month of April right
up till the present time, a large number of men had to leave the district.
all the time. They can raise large
sums of money at election time, and
among them all they can surely keep
one stomach filled, one body clothed,
one head covered, and a railway fare
paid occasionally in order that just
one wage slave may be called from
slavery in order to devote all his time
to the interests of the wage-slave on
the political field, attending to registration, making himself familiar with
the election act, becoming acquainted
with every little hamlet and camp in
the riding and so becoming an efficient
director of the campaign when an election is on, to say nothing of carrying
on steady propaganda. Not that having such a man in the field would
render it less incumbent upon rank-
and-file members to do their part, no,
but that the fact of uaving him would
form a connecting link between Locals
and render their work of more effect.
Notice the effect of visits of organizers
on Locals, there is, almost invariably,
a revival in their efforts, not because
of the magnetic personality of the
organizer, not even so much because
of the public propaganda he does,
(that, of course, being mainly for the
benefit of the unregenerate), but because of the fact that he comes to
them with a message from other
rebels, he is able to tell them of the
efforts that are being made and the
things that are being done elsewhere,
knowledge they have gained in taking part in that struggle, losing them-
setlves in a mist of abstractions.
I differ from him, however, in his
implied suggestion that the older
members should bear the "burden and
heat of the day," for most of these
have done a good share of lhat already,  and  some  of  them  have  got
tired years ago, and no wonder, besides 'and it gives them increased hope and
thoy often have wives and children, Inspiration to make effort)* and Ido
which must receive their first con- things. Action is necessary; it is
sideration. very well to learn, and very essential,
To my'mind it is for such to form but if we spend all our spare time in
To give an idea of the number of la kind of reserve, a stiffening for the jUBt learning, we, of course, will know
disfranchised  workers, it is only ne-jfront rank which should be composed m0re than if we didn't, but our learn-
cessary to take the mining population 'ot the young and vigorous men, who ing will be of no effect because it has
alone.    In this riding at the present have no domestic responsibilities.   As jeft no time for action.   Endeavor to
time tliere are employed at the varl- to  paying organizers,  my  opinion  is, strjke the happy medium—Learn  and
ous  mines,  approximately  3,300  men. I that   Socialist   organizers   should   be
The voters' list shows the number of kept, (financially) lean.   While nomln-
miners  registered  to  be  G93,   and  of ally, organizers of the S. P. of C. are
these at least 25 per cent, have left engaged at a salary,  (this protecting
tbe district.    It makes one feel as if .them from individuals who may want
it  were  time   to   discard   the   ballot to know what has become of that ten
and  adopt  other  means  to  gain  our.cents  which they  have  spent  in  to-
end. |bacco, or that quarter which they have
I appeal lo the young men of the
party especially to take as keen an
interest in systematic organization as
they do, or once did, in the football or
other athletic team they belong or
belonged to, to be prepared to sink
their individuality for the sake of this
As   lo   the   fight   itself,   the   Party expended in a pair of socks and forgot j team as Ihey were for that.
elevated It from a pink tea affair to |t0 keep a record of), everyone who
a regular red-hot Socialist campaign, knows anything about the matter
In the opening stages the Conserva- knows thai the salary is never forth-
tive Party were quietly confident, and coming. Once guarantee a salary, and
many of them expressed sympathy !you will find smooth individuals after
with Comrade Bennett, giving expres- the job for the sake of the salary, and
sion to their belief that he was going .in order to hold their jobs, endeavor-
to lose his. deposit. This position lng to please everyone everywhere,
changed  when  our campaign   got  go- jand thus stultifying their propaganda
I  am  convinced  that  there  are  a
number  of competent  young  men   in
our   party   to   whom   it   would   be   a
pleasure to act as organizers if they
were assured of a living at that work,
without salary;  I know several such,
and the only thing that prevents their
offering   themselves     is     the     doubt
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^   whether tbey  would  be sure of this,
the 18th.    This acted like magic, and ] and this doubt is justified by observa-
Ross' meetings for Fernle and Hosmer jtion of the lot of Socialist agitators in
suddenly   called   off.     The   ex- the past in Canada, especially in the
was  simple;   the  man  who j East.    What  is  first  necessary,  how-
ing, and they began to talk In whispers, but still were satisfied that Ross
would win by a majority of 400. They
now decided to get active, and booked
the Opera House in Fernie for Wednesday the 19th, and the Opera House
in Hosmer for Thursday the 20th. By
this time we had advertised Comrade
Hawthornthwaite   for  Coal   Creek   on
ever, Is not organizers, but eagerness
lo be doing something on the part of
all party members.   Given this, every-
plantation   .^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
had Ross' record  at bis  linger ends
was on the scene and, from iiast experience, Billy  thought  it unwise  to ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
have it discussed in his presence.    He j thing will follow.   As to the way to do
therefore showed commendable discre- j things, business and propaganda meet-
lion and took to the tall timbers, start- ijngs should be started with absolute
ing on-a still hunt for voles amongst punctuality  for  a  start,  railing  this,
ilie numerous recipients of past gov- jnothing will be really right In '.be end.
ernmental favors, I Economic classes should be run not.
Meanwhile Comrades Bennett, merely for the purpose of learning,
O'Brien and Hawthornthwaite were |Dtit of learning in order to do.
handing out the goods in tine style Local organizers should be very
throughout the riding. Two special carefully picked. It is not enough to
issues of the District Ledger were .1)llt a man into an office, but the man
furnished being of a substantial na-|snould be able, willing and eager to
lure. Regular propaganda stuff, which d0 u10 WOrk assigned to him. If pos-
was likely to stay with the reader, jsible a local organizer should be one
and, withal, a campaign issue, in wi0 can devote practically .nil his
which the everlasting issue was put|slmre time to the wink. Party mem-
dearly and forcibly before the worker. Ders should realize tnat the organizer
Comrade Pettipiece worked like a tro- acts i„ the executive capacity of drill-
jan, and his services were of incalcul- sergeant and not resent his endeavors
able benefit to us. to see  lhat  discipline  is  maintained,
The climax was reached on Friday |for he is appointed for that duty.   The
when     Comrade    llennett   and organizer, on
I have no fault to find with ambition, men, especially young men, are
no good without it, but I'd like to
point out the fact, that grand-stand
play by any members goes to spoil the
team, so don't let Comrade Lestor's
remarks about the limelight be true
about you, but be prepared to take
any place on the field and play for the
team, in this way you will be doing
yourselves most credit, and also remember this, that you will not enhance
your own reputation by belittling the
efforts or knowledge of others who are
doing the best they know. Cultivate
an ambition to do, rather, than an
ambition to show how much you know,
or how little others do. It is a worthy
ambition to wish others to say of you,
"He's never late at meetings." "He's
always ready to do what is wanted to
be done," "He's a slayer," and so on,
and it will be a keen pleasure to you
in after years to know that it was true
of you, and to know that it is remembered.
Comrades, all, remember that it is
not spasmodic, but systematic 'effort
that counts; strike a pace you can
maintain mid keep .that .pace. up.
Keep your record unbroken, and keep
your record clean. Don't anticipate
loo much, or you may be disappointed, but be assured of victory in the
end, whatever, may transpire in the
meantime; get together, help and encourage one another, drill steadfastly
and fight vigorously, resolving to get
your joy in Ihe fight and you will find
that it is keen.
W. G.
this. It is not our fault that we have
to ask you to come to Pacific and
It is the fault of our bourgeois-minded city council. They want to stop
you from hearing something for your
own benefit. You are treated like
children, not allowed to judge for yourselves what is good for you.
British Freedom! British Fairplay!
What humbug when you can't listen to
what you like. Fairplay, when one
bunch can obstruct the streets and
draw large crowds, for the purpose of
relieving them of loose cash, and when
a taxpaying citizen gets up to talk to
the same crowd in the same place at
the same time, he ls told that he will
be arrested for obstruction.
There is nothing in the city by-laws
to Ihe effect that a non-resident trick
cyclist can obstruct Brandon's main
streets at, their busiest hours, and a'
taxpaying resident must not talk to an
orderly bunch of residents. The city
council Is on record, as being opposed
to the interests of the working class,
because it is plain that it is what a
man says that brings down their displeasure. If this is British Justice
I want none of it. In every large city
in Canada, the United States and,
England, people are allowed to talk
almost anywhere; but in this 2x4;
town we are hauled up for obstruction,
its almost laughable. Isn't it the
limit, fellow workers, when you hear
these windy orators talking about
Canadian rights, Canadian institutions,
the land of the free and the home of
the brave, and at the same time such
a little thing as Free Speech is not
allowed us. How progressive is our
civilization, when 2,000 years ago Mark
Antony could call down the powers
that be, right on the streets of ancient
Rome. Marvellous, our Canadian Institutions, arc they not?
patriotic about, eh?      ^^^^^^^^_
Just do this, fellow worker, go to
hear the Socialist speaker wherever
he is. Don't let such petty henchmen
of the capitalist class as the Brandon
city council stop you; treat them with
tofty contempt. That's all they deserve
A  little  thinking  should  show
could do things, we have degenerated
into salves of a machine. Where our ancestors used to make articles and express their individuality in them we
have become machine tenders, doing
one simple action from morning till
night, just human automatons.
Some dignity about our individuality
too isn't there. We go around from
factory gate to factory gate like a lot
of peddlers showing our wares. If the
master needs some labor power he
sizes us up, if we suit he hires us, if
we don't suit, out we go, still peddling, looking for another master.
If we suit we are hired and forthwith we lose our individuality, as we
leave our name at the gate, and from
henceforth become a "hand."
number, not a name. Lower even
than mules and horses, for they retain
their names, but we are number so
and so.
The writer has been No. 3, 7, 18 and
so on in various slave pens, so he
Lose our Individuality, Bah!
Yours in the fight for individuality,
It is curious with what apathy
Socialism is regarded by the majority
of the Working Class. One would
imagine, that Socialism meant nothing
whatever to them. One could understand it better if they were satisfied
with the existing conditions, but they
are not. There are continually strikes,
and rumours of strikes, and, during
these strikes the workers will endure
the greatest of hardships, although
they have never to the present received any material benefits from
Worth being jthem. Why, then, this apathy? It is
because of the education, received
from the capitalist class, through their
schools. Education which teaches
them the claim of the capitalist should
be respected. The claim, that because
they, the capitalist class have "acquired" the earth, and all that therein
llies, it is perfectly right that they
you 'should exploit the workers.   It is time
that If they don't like us to talk to you
that the very thing that we are talking
about, must be to your interest. Hear
it and study it.
Some of the workers In Brandon
will, no doubt, be wondering why we
hold  our  meetings  at  the  corner  of
Bennett  and organizer, on bis part should call bus!
Comrade  Hawthornthwaite  addressed jness meetings to order on the tick of lagith'streeVand Pacific Avenue, in-
a crowded meeting in the Miners' Op-jthe clock, if a quorum is present, and I     ^  Qf gt  th()  busler  conler3     We
era Hoiifce.    Comrade  Bennett  staled ,a-!e  absolutely  no  nol ice  ot  si>i?SeB* ,vouW like to hold our meetings where
the Socialist position in a clear lucid jtlona that there be delay "till a few
manner, his points being appreciated ;more COme."    Only in this way  will
by  an  attentive  audience.    Jim  was . ocais get the habit of starting punc-
suffeiing a little from a derangement tually.   Local organizers who energeti-
of his hot air apparatus, but he soon 'cany j0 their duty should be prepared
■-■■"'"■ 'tor carping criticism and make themselves Impervious to it, for no thin-
skinned person is flt for the duty. I j
know from experience. Organizers
are wanted to organize, not just to
(111 the office.
So much for Local matters.   As to
we could get a larger audience; but we
can't. Eighth and Rosscr is the busiest corner and where the largest
audiences can be obtained.    The Sal-
warmed to his work, and had the
house ringing with his denunciation
of our present capitalist system, showing in what way our only salvation
lay, and proved to the audience that
the only logical position was the one
taken  by  the   Socialist  Party.    His
A question often asked a Socialist
speaker is, "When the Capitalist ownership of the means of production
is abolished, and working class owner,
ship takes its place, will each worker
receive equal remuneration for his
or her services?"
In the writer's opinion you need not
wait for Socialism to do that. If you
only sit up and take notice you will
find that hardly a week goes by without some new invention of machinery,
that will produce twice as much In the
same time with less labor than the
one that is at present used. What Is
the result? The capitalist will investigate and if they find that it is true,
they will have it installed in their different plants. And what does that
mean to the worker? It simply means
this, that half of them are going to be
discharged. Those discharged will join
the ever increasing army of Ihe unemployed and the competition for jobs
will become so great as lo force wages
of all branches of industry down to almost the same level.
Let me give a little illustration.
Already tho railways of the U. S. A.,
and Canada have started to electrify
their systen/j; when this becomes
general the engineer will be changed
to a motor man and nn fireman will be
needed at all. At. present the locomotive engineer gets fairly good
wages, that is, according to the present way of looking at It, but wait until the railways nre electrified, and
then see their wages come tumbling
down to the barest subsistence. What
holds good for the railways, holds good
for every branch of industry where
newer inventions are taking the place
the workers educated themselves
afresh. It is time they realized, that,
as producers of all wealth, they are the
rightful owners. Wake up, fellow
workers, shake off this apathy, which
envelopes you; don't be gulled longer
by the master class; think for yourselves, and fight for your salvation,
not spiritual, but bodily.
Comrade Editor:—In reading this
week's issue, I noticed that The Unpatriotic Irishman had been delivering
the dope at Revelstoke, I think he
made a mistake in his conclusions on
Aristotle, the philosopher.
We flnd that In these days they were
up against quite a different proposition from tbe one that faces us to-day.
Then, the people went short ot tho
with a4necessities of life because there waa
not sufficient as the problem ot production had not been solved, whilst
in these days the people go short
simply because they have produced
too much, the workers having worked
so hard as to glut the markets with
commodities, afterwards having to lay
off until some of the stock has been
used up.
I believe Aristotle's conclusion to be
absolutely right when he stated mors
than 2,000 years ago, "That the
machine would eventually emancipate
mankind." The machine is here, the
workers have made it. What ls required now is "that they should own
it," which they are gradually coming
to see is absolutely necessary. When
that day arrives and they have
socialised the machine, the Co-operative Commonwealth will be instituted,
mankind will be emancipated and
Aristotle's prophecy fulfilled.
Yours for the whole earth,
Michel, B. C, Oct. 18th.
vation  Army,  and    other    numerous 'of the old.   So it Is only logical to come
manner of dealing with Ross' record traveliing organizers, there are several
left nothing to be desired, and one can Lid|ngg ln B c ,n wh,ch thefe are
well understand why Billy refused to enough Sociallsts- to maintain an or-
be present, even when personally In
vited. It is safe to say that had the
audience present—numbering somewhere over GOO—all had the benefit of
the franchise, that Bennett's vote In
Fernle alone would have been more
than twice 251. They simply cheered
as one man when the meeting closed.
While the result may be a disappointment to some, there is nothing to
cavil at.
The capitalist vote at the last election was 1,200; ours, 649. The capitalist vote on this occasion was 860;
ours, 611.
The  movement  here  has  received
an impetus which is evidenced by the
numerous   enquiries   for   Information
and for    reading    matter.    We have
been taught the need of organization,
and the fight    generally    has had a
stimulating effect.
ganizer   for   their   particular   ridings
Division of New
CHtmlnster uisinci.
Alf. WynKaert, ultaons Lancllni? B. C.
yne's Creek, back of District Lot 1667
timber limit,  1-9 C, pipe from point
Notice Is hereby given that an application wlll bo made under Part V. of |
tho "Water Act, 1909," to obtain a license
in tbe ......... . -nt.„
Westminster District
Alf. — *   •'"-
on   umDer num.,   i-°  v.,  ,,.,,..  ..   .
of diversion, 8 chains north of northwest corner post of DiHtrict Lot 1657;
Lot C West Subdivision, 13 1-3 chains
wide, 1-3 part of west boundary 1657,
53 acres I own; domestic Irrigation; 25
acres west subdivision of Lot 1657, being Lot C.
This notice wan posted on the 1st day
of October, 1910, and application will be
made to tho Commissioner on the 9th
day of November,  1910,  at 10 a.m.
Names and addresses of any riparian
proprietors   or   licensees   who   " **-«*
lands   aro  likely   *~   '-•*   -fra"i
proposed works,
the outlet are:
to  be  affected  by  the
either  above  or  below
H. Burns, A. Wtlkman,
T. L. Wiren, J. Wiren, A. Rlus, J. Chaster,   Stelnbruner,   Walker,    of    Gibsons
Gibsons Landing.
religious bodies hold forth at this
corner, and I have seen trick cyclists
doing stunts there too. The Socialists
started right out on thla corner, and
attracted vast crowds, but were soon
Not having the means with which to
light the case we took the advice of
the authorities and applied to the city
council for permission to use the
corner. That was eighteen months
ago and we have received no answer,
nor even an acknowledgment of our
letter yet. As we received no reply
we started out again, and were promptly told to quit, or go to Jail. As not
many of us were In a position enabling
us to take a rest at the expense of
the Government, nor would sufficient
advertising have been secured by going to jail at that time, we quit.
The police allotted us Eighth and
Pacific In the wholesale district where
it is harder to get an audience and we
are there yet. This corner does not
suit us as we cannot get enough listeners. Very seldom can we get more
than 500 and sometimes we have few
more than 100. We will have to move
Into the spotlight once more and make
a scrap for the best corner.
The point I want to make clear is
to the conclusion that if the capitalist
system is to last much longer the
wages of all workers, skilled and unskilled, will be brought down to practically the same level. Now what are
you going to do? Are you going to
perpetuate this system by voting for
the henchmen of the capitalist class?
Are you going lo be wage slaves all
your life? To travel from one country to another In search of work? Or
are you going to put an end to this
system? If so, go to Socialist meet
ings, subscribe to Socialist papers, and
when you know what we know, capi
tallsm will be at an end, classes wll
be abolished, inventions that tire nov
a curse will be a blessing, and you
and I will receive the full product of
our toll.   Speed the day!
Yours in the scrap,
Often those old political spellbinders, the Conservative and Liberal politicians, tell us that we are better off
now than ever we were; they point to
our high wages and tell us that we are
getting more money now than we did
ten years ago, and the reason is because we voted for them in the past.
Moral: do it again.
To say the least about their argument it is a lie. We are not better off
than we were ten years ago. ln many
instances our money wages have not
gone up at all, and in the few instances
where a rise is recorded it is not more
an ten per cent. Meanwhile Ihe cost
of living has gone up about 48 pet-
cent., so really we are worse off now
than then.
The Ottawa government has published a special report of wholesale prices
and the amount of wages paid to mechanics and laborers in Cffnatla. This
very lengthy report Is some 500 pages
long, and contains some very interesting reading.
For the benefit of Brandon readers,
copy has been placed In the Socialist
headquarters, so that we can refer to
it ourselves.
In reference to Brandon, especially
the wages table shows that unskilled
labor shows no increase in money wages in ten years, and mechanics only
about 6 to 7.5 per cent, increase, yet
the same report tells us that the cost
of living Increased 11 per cent, from
Jan. 1st, 1909, to Jan. 1st, 1910. One
would think that In face of Ibis report
that we will not hear the same old
yarn about better conditions again, but
we can rest assured that next election
It will bo pulled off again.
Fellow workers, get wise to the fact
that our conditions are not Improving,
but getting worse. We get more dependent as each year rolls by. Let us
put away this slavery and be free men.
The road Is that shown by the Socialist Party.   Study it.
By "Old Bill."
We do not seek to run a bluff—for
that the Tories are the stuff—for it
would surely be a sin to say we're
glad that Ross is in, but, it would
almost be as bad to say that we feel
very sad, for we are not at all depressed, nor have we lost our Interest
in fighting in the workers' cause, so
we'll go on without a pause and fight
that fight with all our powers—our
class' cause is also ours. No, we'll
not say we do not care, but, this we'll
say—we don't despair, for we are optimists, you see, and we are sure of
victory. There may be those who'll
weary grow, whose hearts and spirits
sink so low that they may never rise
again, whose cry may be, "All hope
lis vain." But, for each one who drops
the Red, a dozen will stand forth instead, and raise Its glorious folds still
higher, and hotter yet will be our fire,
and faster yet our ranks wlll fill, and
steadier yet will be our drill, and bigger our battalions grow, and stronger
be the front we show, and swifter the
advance we make against the fortress
we will take ere long; for we are bent
to take the Fort of Government and
raze its walls right to the ground, or,
perhaps, to turn tho guns around on
those who've kept them on us trained
we'll fix that when the fort we've
The end seems well within Oar
reach, already we have made a breach,
and in that breach are men of might
who're putting up a valiant. Ugli*.
It is for us the same to do aml'rtrlve
like valiant men and true to bring
he end within our day and ral»6 the
Red Flag high to stay.
* •    ♦
Sub. hustlers are active, witl*, tbe
following result:
Gribble        8
Cobb, Lacombe, Alta ..    2
las.  Young.  Nanaimo.   B.  ('     I
J. W, Fogal, North Battleford,   ,J
Sask ' t,-
Jas. Thomson, Medicine Hat, Alta- I
Wm. Allen, Sydney .Mines, N. 3.. 1
Wm. McQunid, Edmonton, Alta..,,,, 3
Horace  Collingwood, North  Italtle*.
ford    *.;(Y'
Uranus,"  Vancouver    ,.:. &
G.  Heweil,  Calgary,  Alia ,, .1
Bundles, Etc.
Local Calgary increases bundle .to
100. Local Edmonton renews caid tag
bundle. , ';    ',
• •    •
3. Mccook, Johannesburg, S. A.;
Chas. Bowie, Saanich; L. M. Gnp-fcgn.
Hamilton, Ont.; A. Taylor, Terc^to,
Ont.; Ben Karpf, Calgary, Alia.; W.
H. Vallans, Calgary; Thos. Bell, Ju.
Brown, Com. Teit, J. Dane, Vancouver.
Sometimes one hears the old objection: "If we had Socialism we would
lose our Individuality." How one can
lose what ono has not, beats me.
Where Is our precious Individuality?
Descendants of   handicraftsmen   that
Trade Monies
Anrnne lending A sketch nnd description ma?
null-Kir aanertnln nnr opinion freo whether en
tiirenMon le probnblv piitonlnbln. Communion,
thine -trimlyeonniJniitlu. HANDBOOK onPateute
emit tree. Oldest aannry for -ecurlwr patents.
Patents taken liironuli Munn A Co. rocolve)
special notice, wllhoutcbnrge, luthe
Scientific American.
culaUon of uny n-'lHiitlfln Joun-iil. Twmi lor
Cinnda, %-v" * ynar. -^tostatto -preiuild. Sold Nt
All [MiTHd-nul-ira.
p^ $ Co m"-^ New York
We have examined the books uf the
secretary  of  the   Mar.   K.   committee
for the six months ending June 30th.,
and found them correct.
General Fund.
Receipts   Mf.Jl'
Expenditure       14.60
Balance $11.01.
Organization Fund.
Receipts  $147.01
Expenditures  MM
Balance . 117.M
SATURDAY,  NOVEMBER   12,  1910.
Why do these people called emigrants come to Canada? A few may
come for the love of adventure; but
the majority come for the love of
something to eat. Forced out of their
native land they come to Canada in
order to live. If you ask the average
person what is the oauso, what is the
reason that emigrants cannot live in
their own country, he will reply "0
that is easily explained. • The old
countries of Europe are overcrowded,
over-populated;" but when wo refer
to the political economist we find he
does not support that explanation, for
he says: "First, no man yet knows
the productive capacity of a single
acre of land anywhere In respect of
food. Second, the whole existing
population of the globe, estimated at
fourteen hundred million persons could
find comfortable standing room within
the limits of a field 10 miles square.
In a field 20 miles square they could
all be seated and by the use of telephones they could all be addressed by
a single speaker. Third, we can raise
grain enough on a small part of the
territory of the United States to feed
the world."
As yet, therefore, the doctrine of
Malthus has no application. The true
reason why emigrants cannot live ir,
their own country is because the landowners own the land, and the capitalists own the instruments of production.
They collectively own the country.
The emigrants come from that class
who only have their labor-power to
sell to the capitalists. A pious emigrant may bewail his lot, he may pray
about it. He may say "Thy will be
done," but if he would investigate he
would very soon realize he is not
the sport and plaything of a supernatural power. He Is the victim of
economic determinism. Considering
it the will of God, he becomes a
fatalist and thinks there is no help
for it, no remedy. If he was class
conscious he would find there is a
remedy in collective action. Our
remedies oft In ourselves do lie which
we ascribe to Heaven.
The capitalists of a country want
only so much labor-power and they
take good care to buy it in the cheapest markeft. TheEnglish capitalists
are no exception to this rule and so
the British working man woke up to
flnd England was being invaded by
competitors called aliens, and they
soon discovered that these aliens had
a lower standard of living and could
live on something inferior to tripe
and chltllngs. Consequently the British working man had to come down
to that standard or get out. The most
independent spirits get out because
they like to feed their faces.
How patriotic the capitalists are!
they love England because they own
it, the only love they have for the
workingman is to make profits out of
him and they buy him in the cheapest
market. Shall we call those "men"
who submit to be bought and sold.
No, they are wage-slaves. Slaves you
are and slaves you will remain till
you get together. Our forefathers did
not submit to slavery without a
struggle. In the days of King Richard
the peasants of Kent, Essex and
Hertfordshire died fighting rather than
submit. Seven thousand of them perished on the gallows and the field
of battle.
The emigrants o. every European
country are forced out because the
supply of labor exceeds the demand.
When we consider the tyranny of
capitalism the patience of free-born
wage-slaves is remarkable. Those
English capitalists may well boost
emigration. They had better look lo
It. When our Puritan forefathers
were forced out of England by another
tyranny it was not without a wrench
that they tore themselves from their
English homes. "Farewell dear England" they cried, as its shores faded
from sight. "Our hearts" they wrote
to their friends, "shall be fountains of
tears for your everlasting welfare,
when we shall be in our poor cottages
in Ihe wilderness." I rejoice to know
that some of those Puritan emigrants
returned, fought under Oliver Crom-
I well and smashed the tyranny.
Such wore our ancestors. If you
want to see the tragedy of emigration
go to Liverpool landing stage. Talk
about Socialism destroying the home,
; capitalism has broken up more homes
than can be numbered. "They grew
in beauty side by side."
Their graves are scattered far and
wide, by stream, by mount., by sea.
When I emigrated, when I got on the
ship half the ship was drunk. Those
of us who were drunk were singing
"Good-bye Dollie I must leave you."
The men were cursing and the women
were weeping. I noticed one stalwart
young man alone by the deck rail.
He was looking at a little withered,
faded old woman standing helpless
and forlorn on the landing stage. He
stood there helpless, silently weeping,
the tears streamed down his face, and
the little woman was weeping in wild
despair and wringing her hands. It
was his mother and the lad she loved
was being forced away from her. The
mother's love! how deep it is, and the
son's how tender. His whole being
said "Mother," and hers "My Lad."
He told ine a day or two after, he was
coming to Canada to keep her out of
the workhouse.
There is a mother weeping in Ireland right now; her son came to
Canada and was electrocuted because
profits are more Important than wage-
slaves. We can see the mother standing at the cabin door. She sees the
postman coming down the road; "Ah."
the thinks, "perhaps he is bringing
me a letter from my lad in Canada."
He gives her a letter. The letter is
opened. "This is to inform you that
your son was electrocuted while doing
his duty."   Duty!
It is a law that a creature must
adapt itself to its environment or
perish. An old Scotchman down
East the other day died of a broken
heart. He had been forced out of
Scotland. He had said farewell to the
mountains, farewell lo the North, and
come to Canada; but he could not
adapt himself and so perished. His
heart was in the Highlands. He was
too old to be transplanted. Now if
that old Scotchman had a free will
why did he come to Canada to die of
grief? He had no free will, he was the
victim of Economic ' Determinism.
Scotland is a deer forest for aristocrats.
I wish the wage-slaves of Scotland
would rise in their might and say,
"Our fathers shall not be forced into
exile to die of grief in a far country."
Just think of the father in Burns Cotter's Saturday night, dying in exile.
When John Knox died, over his grave
they said: "There lies one who never
feared the face of man." Today
Scotchmen, Irishmen, Englishmen and
wage slaves of every nation bow down
to the tyranny of Capitalism.
The relation of wage slavery and
capital exists in Canada and so long
as we allow the relation to exist there
will always be one class to be
Awake! Arise or be forever fallen.
Paris, October 17, 1910.
The great railway strike, which has
been the sole and absorbing topic
of discussion during the past week,
and which has called to life many
quaint opinions from many callow rea-
soners, is gradually petering out.
The general impression of the criBis
left upon the mind of the novitiate
in these social disturbances is rather
a confused one: Great popular excitement; all the world selling and buying
and reading newspapers (which seemed to appear at irregular intervals
all day long); an uncomfortable sense
of being jostled on the boulevards by
hurrying newsboys shouting in hoarse
voices "La Presse," "l'lntransigeant";
and the same insistent persistent calls
rising without cessation from the
boulevards through the fifth-story office
window, and inflaming the imagination with all sorts of lurid pictures;
the constant meeting of troop's of
soldiers along the more frequented
routes; a new view of the Seine with
soldiers bivouacking along It quays;
and always, and all around, discussion
—discussion—discussion, the right or
the wrong of the thing; the men, the
masters and Ihe Government; all
these elements are welded into the
fabric known as a "general Impression."
All the summer the situation has
been gradually ripening, and the denouement might have been easily
avoided had the perfectly reasonable
demands of Ihe men received earlier
attention at the hands of the company
and the Governmant.
The claims of the railway employees were: For a general living wage
of five francs a day; a shorter working day; and the enforcing by the Government of Its law regarding superannuation benefits; also that the Government. Bhould (according to promise) provide that the law concerning
ihese benefits should act retrospectively.
Paris ls just recovering from a very
lively fear; the fear of being starved
out; and this, together with the Inconveniences of locomotion, and the difficulty of transit, has been the cause of
a great deal of contumely on the head
of the unfortunate striker. The capitalist press, needless to say, led the
vanguard, and one encountered the
purely personal point of view where-
ever one moved among the petit bourgeoisie.
Many people were confirmed.in the
idea that the strike was the work of a
few agitators, and that the bulk of
the men had no wish to leave their
work, but were liersuaded by specious argument, and acted in concert,
more or less, like a flock of sheep.
A statement very generally made
by the dally papers was that this
strike was not professional, but political and revolutionary. The "Figaro"
did not hesitate to assert that the
movement had, "to a great extent,
been engineered by Jaures, the most
illustrious of the accomplices, who
from his exalted position as deputy,
and .reassured by his immunity from
arrest, daily encouraged them (the
strikers) by pen and word, proclaiming, at the same time, the legality of
their acts, and speaking in no qualified language of the measures taken
by M. Briand in the interests of public safety."
These suggestions would appear to
be false from the fact that work has
been resumed immediately the concessions have been partially granted.
This statement as to the motive underlying the strike was emphatically
denied by Jaures himself in conversation with a young Englishman, who,
representing himself to be a Socialist,
attended, in a spirit of curiosity, the
great meeting at the St. Paul Riding
School on October 14.
The same young Englishman had
also to tell of being chased from pillar
to post by gendarmerie on issuing
from the hall at the conclusion of the
meeting, which, from all accounts, passed off without any hostile demonstration on the part of the audience.
One of the acts of the Government
which has created much bitterness,
and upon which public feeling has run
high, is the decree which has been
issued with regard to mobilisation of
the railway employees in their character as reservists. Various notices have
been delivered to individuals containing marching orders, and commanding
their compliance with Bame within
three days under pain of being convicted of insubordination. The law dealing with the mobilisation of the railway employees under military orders
in the event of a war is a special law
which is not at all applicable in the
present instance, and even should
such be the case, a delay of fifteen
days Is provided for between the date
of receipt of the notice and the attendance of the person notified.
The issuing of such a flat Is a very
dangerous precedent in a conscription-
ist country like France, for if it becomes a general practice it will act
as a direct contravention of the right
to strike.
It will easily be seen, then, that,
although nominally the strikers have
won on the present occasion, a seed
has been sown which may bring forth
an abundant crop of grievances at a
later date.
Another result of the strike has
been the almost wholesale arrest of
the leaders of the movement, as also
of some of the journalists who espoused their cause, notably, many of
the staff of "Le Guerre Sociale," the
well-known revolutionary journal of
which Gustave Herve is the director.
From the Prison de la Sante In which
he has been condemned to spend the
next four years of his life, Herve
has been using his talents in supporting popular causes, but on account of
{his advocacy of the present strike he
has been forbidden to communicate
any more articles to the public.
Pataud has been nt work again, and
little supper parties have been somewhat subdued by the gradual, graceful fading of the electric light, and
proceeding have been re-commenced
by the dim religious glow of the oil
lamps. However, this cessation of
work of the electricians has only been
partial, and the Metropolitan Railway
has not made the threatened halt.
Another crisis narrowly averted In
the history of the Republic, one breath,
es a sigh of relief to think that the
suffering and inconvenience, necessarily a part of every strike, have been
short-lived, and that in spite of the
drafting into Paris of trops from far
and wide, any demonstration of their
prowess at arms has been on the
smallest possible scale with no fatalities.
In another week the great railway
strike will, in all probability, be a
mere memory.—Daisy Bridgman in
"Justice"  (London).
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
..._ . Haws to-rru
Union-made Cigars.
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-Which Stands for at Living *Wa*(e
Vancouver Locsl  867.
'Yes, yes," Jerry was saying to me
as we meandered down Tenth street,
"but it's impossible." Just then we
turned the corner, and we were on
Rue de Rosser, Brandon's "Great
White Way."
To an observant person Brandon's
main street carries a significance. Narrow sidewalks, full of jostling slaves,
hurrying about their masters' business.
Muddy street full of dilapidated delivery rigs, transfers, and here and there
an express wagon. Dingy buildings,
each and every one carrying an advertising sign, worded differently, but all
meaning: "Buy from us." Typical of
capitalism in its most petty form.
Further we strolled till we reached
a corner; here the avenue and street
were partially blocked by an immense
hoarding stretching for nearly a block.
Jerry puffed his pipe in silence,
while I scanned the advertising matter
on the hoarding. The first "ad" was
that of a theatrical company, advertising lots of fun cheap, ending with
the words: "Laugh and grow fat."
Next was an ad: "Try Crook's Anti-
Fat." Then there was a real estate
ad: "Why pay rent, when for a few
dollars down and a few a month you
can own your own home?" Next was
"Mortgage sale of valuable city property."
I was meditating on these last two,
and wondering how many slaves "fall
down" in the attempt to own their own
home, and how large the crop of
"mortgage sales" would be, when the
next panic came with its inevitable
more men than jobs, when Jerry broke
in with "Gee! but that's some block."
I looked up at the skyscraper rising
above the hoarding. It was alive with
slaves hurrying to and fro, every bit
as busy, and quite as mechanical, as
the puffing donkey engines and the
tireless hoists. "Yes," I replied, "it's
quite a building and it will all be ours
some day."
"Ah! I suppose after Jenkins has
built it you fellows will want it."
"After Jenkins has built It? I
thought that you put in twelve hours
there every night. Come now, Jerry,
you know that it's the working class
that builds every skyscraper."
"Oh! Of course if you put it that
way, we do; but "
"Peanuts and popcorn, one for a
nickle and two for a dime, keeps yer
chewin' all the time," shouts a peanut
boy, as we elbow our way along.
"But what, Jerry?"
"Why, it's impossible all this social
production, coming together and producing socially, making goods because
we need them, and enjoying the wealth
that the workers produce. It's alright
if what you say is true, that the average worker produces nearly $3,000 a
year and gets less than $500. Why, I
would rather enjoy $3,000 than the
measly $500 I am getting now, but it's
impossible. I would like it, but It's impossible."
We stopped at a hole in the street.
Busy wage sieves were buzzing around,
some building manholes, some mixing
concrete, some laying pipe, all busy,
and dirty, same as wage slaves generally are. Further up the street, we
could see a strange looking machine,
looking more like a cross between an
automobile and a traction engine than
anything else. This machine was pro.
gressing al about the pace of an average wage slave's Sunday walk, leaving
behind it a deep trench.
We looked in the trench. "Do you
mean to tell me, Jerry, that Socialism
is impossible when you can see such
work as this going on?"
"What has this to do with Socialism?"
"Just this, up to the present time we
have been healing our houses, and the
business men have been heating their
blocks Individually. Now, with this
steam heat plant the city will be heated socially. One central plant will
force steam to all those that care to
connect up. This way a great deal of
useless labor will be saved. We will
not have to build in furnaces and boilers any more, nor will any men be
needed to tend them, nor will individuals need to'buy coal. The fuel dealers not selling so much coal, they will
not need so many teamsters, nor so
many clerks, nor so many stenographers, nor so much office space. All
these different workers will be out of
a job and competing with us."
"Well, does Socialism want to make
us out of work?"
"Who is doing it now on the Central
Heating Plant, capitalism or Socialism?"
"Well, er—I guess capitalism is, see.
ing "
"Yes, precisely; capitalism is collec-
tivislng everything. Wo have social
production now. I as a bricklayer don't
produce buildings any more than a
farmer   produces   wheat.    He  grows
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong
The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
llavT ClMS'   The capltaliBt is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the waee
system under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transforms
tion of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government-the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property In tbe means ot wealth production (natural resources factories
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class!
2. The democratic organization and management of industry bv
the workers. '
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday Nov. 13
wheat, I lay bricks, each doing a specific act, a part in Ihe great act of producing wealth collectively. Neither of
us as individuals produces an article
of wealth, but each of us is an unit in
the great working class army that socially produces all the wealth.
"As every day rolls by, social production gets more complete. More' labor-saving machinery is brought into
use, and more laborers are out of a
job. Every day the competition gets
keener and the workers' lot gets harder, all the time, food stuffs keep rising in price, but the wages don't go
up. Or, In other words, the reul wage,
that is, what the money will buy, goes
"And you say Socialism is impossible I tell you, Jerry, that it is inevitable, unless you fellows are willing to
starve to death. Whether you will It
or not, social production of wealth
you have. Surely if you can produce
socially the owning and enjoying socially shouldn't be hard.
"Do n^t think that we have individual ownership in the means of wealth
production, such as railroads, mines,
factories, etc. These things are owned
collectively by a class and that class
enjoys all the wealth produced over
and above our keep. In all times past
the owners of the machinery of production have reaped all the wen'th
produced. The mornl for us, Jerry, is
this: If we want to enjoy the wealth
that we as members of the working
class produce, our class must own the
"That ownership is not impossible,
either. If ten thousand idlers can own
a railroad, surely one hundred thousand workers can. Yes, it's possible,
and not only that, it's inevitable, nnd
being inevitable, you should study it.
Will you take the Clarion now and
study by the easy method for yourself?"
"Sure, I will. I'll master this philosophy yet. I must go, as my master's voice will soon be calling me to
my night of toil, but will see you
again.   So long!"
Some opinions heard at the open air
propaganda meeting held at the corner
of 8th and Pacific Ave., Brandon.
"Socialism means dividing up."
"Socialism means everything to be
taken by the State, we will have nothing."
'Socialism Is too selfish."
"Socialism is too sentimental, too
much Brotherhood of Man."
"Socialism means atheism."
"To have Socialism wo would all
have to follow the Golden Rule and be
good Christians."
'Socialism is too scientific."
'Socialism is too full of ideals and
castle building."
"Socialism would work all right if
the workers wanted it."
"Socialism is all right, and the workers want it but it's impossible."
After listening to the above remarks
the writer has become convinced that
if anyone has a prejudice he calls it
Socialism and starts to fight it.
Comrades and Friends In Brandon
District:—As you are well aware in
Brandon we have no Free Library.
JMost cities of this size have a Library,
but as our • city fathers believe in
economy the nearest Library is in
Winnipeg. Consequently the members of the Socialist Local, the majority of whom are students, have no
opportunity of borrowing books. And
as it is Impossible for everyone to purchase sufficient books to make a
thorough analysis of Capitalism, we
have started a lending library of our
own ln the Headquarters, This step
has Involved considerable outlay, and
though we have had many subscriptions, and many books from the com-
raues, we cam do with more. So,
comrades, you that have a few spare
dollars, or some spare books, help ub
to help ourselves.
Secy. Lib. Com.
141 12th St
(0 If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
installing the gar. pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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