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Western Clarion Oct 30, 1909

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Array Jmliai 551.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, October 30, 1909.
T^arar"* si.Qf
Fellpw Worker: In accordance with
custom, you are called upon to select a
Provincial government Are you giving this matter the earnest consideration such a proceeding demands? Then
we ask you to take some thought for
the political party ot the producing
class—the Socialist Party of Canada.
We. do not'solicit your vote, but we
i   dp.desire your attention.
The (unction of governments ls to
enact laws, to appoint judges who administer justice under such laws; and
to maintain sufficient coercive force
to enforce obedience to these laws,
The governments are also endowed
with the power to.raise such sums of
money as they may deem necessary
to enable them to successfully carry
on their business.
The adult male portion of this province who are British subjects and registered voters elect the government of
this province. Of these the vast ma-
f jorlty are producers, working in mines,
mills, factories, etc. And a small minority are non-producers, owning capitalist property—the mines, mills, factories, etc before mentioned. Around
these capitalists is clustered a number
of producers, who do not enter the industrial field: Doctors, lawyers, preachers, managers, clerks, agents, etc.
Until within the past dozen years,
candidates have always been chosen
from among the small minority; these
have, as Liberals and Conservatives,
appealed for our votes.
Within the past decade a new party
—the S. P. of C.—has appeared, the
candidates of which are drawn from
the vast majority. Pay particular attention to this fact, fellow worker, for
it Is of great moment. It emphasises
the class struggle.
Society ls divided Into two classes,
the non-producing owners of capitalist property, and the producing users
of that property. The producers we
call the working class; the non-producers, the capitalist class. Tou, Mr.
Farmer,, also belong to the working
Owing to the complex machinery of
production, the working class ln order
to produce a living, must apply to the
owners of this machinery of production for permission to work. Those
who are unable to obtain this permission, i. e., get a job, must either starve
steal or beg, all of which are unlawful, and contrary to our moral code.
We all desire to retain our life to
the limit of - its' allotted span. We
cannot all do so, because jobs will not
go around. Owing to this fear of
death and" dread of discomfort, the
capitalist class, the minority, enslaves
the working class, the majority, by
playing the unemployed against the
employed, and by dividing us also on
various pretexts, religious, political,
national, etc.
A portion of us are, however, becoming class conscious, that is, conscious
of our interests as a class. They are
the Socialists.
What, then, are our one class interests? We have pointed out that our
lives depend upon our obtaining permission to use the machinery of production. We are not all required in
the operation ot that machinery. Nevertheless Its productive power is great
enough when applied to our natural
resources to supply us all with plenty.
If we owned this machinery we would
not need to ask permission to use it.
We would always have a job. But the
capitalists own it. Then our class interests lie in obtaining ownership of
the means ot life—the mills, mines,
How, then, is this ownership to be
obtained? We cannot take lt, because
lt is against the law, and the judges
would not be in sympathy with us, for
they are not working men, and furthermore, the capitalists are ln control of the Houses of Parliament; they
also command the army .and navy.
Precisely, these men are in control of
the power of State.
We have pointed out that the Liberal and Conservative candidates were
recruited from the capitalist class.
They,' therefore, are the government.
In order that the working class may
effect their freedom and become joint
owners of the means of life, they must
become the government, by electing
members of their own class, and by
banding themselves together in a class
conscious body, determined at any
cost to seize the powers of State. The
struggle for this power is the class
The Socialist Party is the political
expression of the working class, and
it aims to overthrow the present system of class ownership and substitute
social ownership. As a means to this
end it proposes to instruct the working class ln Socialism generally, and
Marxian' economics principally. We,
therefore, ask you, fellow workers, to
tend our meetings, give heed to our
speakers, read our literature, study our
movement and then at the ballot box
act according to your judgment.
J. H.
The Vancouver World, which paper
provides fair sport for Clarion readers
at almost regular Intervals, inserted
in itB edition of October 24th a most
lugubrious wail about the starving
poor of London.
Now, what in the name of Jupiter
has all that to do with Vancouver or
even Canada? Does the editor imagine that it is news to hear that poverty and starvation are ripe in tbe
very bosom of "our prosperous Empire?" Further, is this matter published to instruct, to satisfy curiosity,
or to fill up vacant advertising space?
We cannot seriously think that it was
for any cause but the latter, for surely It would cause "The World" to moderate its ardor for imperialism, were
the editor of that paper to appreciate
the moral contained in such an article.
: Far away fields always look green,
and to the oppressed of London no
doubt this country looks very green
and refreshing. The "World," by writing up a few facts and .statistics relating to the horrors ot London, undoubtedly affords spicy reading matter for
its columns, but here we are obliged
to enquire, is lt a very high standard
of journalistic merit to cry aloud the
existence of evils in London and to
completely ignore the same in Canada
in general and Vancouver in particular?
Have we not in this country an unemployed problem even as in London?
Are we not today feeling the march
of capitalist development? How is lt
that ln spite ot the stupendous figures
called "bank clearings" which,.according to the "World" denote prosperity
for the whole shooting match, the Vancouver municipal council is engaged
in Issuing meal tickets to be distributed to the starving?
A man must be pretty low down
when he writes articles upon people's
misery and sufferings, merely with tbe
object of making money. But such,
alas, seems to be the case here.
Let us remind the "World" that
charity begins at home and that in
proportion to its population Canada
has it's starving and unemployed.
F. M. T.
Dear Mc:
For some time the village of Albert
has been plagued by a religious adventurer, one very reverend W. A.
Snelling, of the Baptist denomination.
This gentleman Is a noted bully, and
for a year has been walking on the
necks of all those who did not see fit
to agree with him on various subjects.
Just before the Federal elections he
became very active as president of the
local Purity League and several meetings were held with the ostensible purpose of preventing corrupt practices
during the elections, but really for the
purpose of strengthening the Tory candidate, the (would be) Honrable Geo.
One of these meetings was held in
Albert and the writer attended and,
the floor being thrown open to all, told
them a few things about the underlying cause for the existence of political
corruption, etc. Of course, the purity
leaders were exceedinglng wrath and
the Rev. gentleman aforementioned
has since then . taken advantage of
every opportunity to rap Socialism and
Socialists. On one occasion he declared from the pulpit that "All Socialists are lazy men and most lazy
men are Socialists."
Finally, Com. Gribble appeared on
the scene and challenged any and all
to meet him in debate. This was in
May of this year. The last time he
spoke he repeated the challenge and
warned the audience that he expect- j
to eat grass before spring). Gribble
stayed for two weeks. Not a whimper from our reverend friend.
On the morning of the 16th. Gribble
took the train for Moncton. Several
"prominent citizens," among them
"our" local M.P.P., and a councillor
were at the depot and their smug,
pleased smiles at seeing the foreign
agitation pulling out were really angelic. Apparently that very afternoon
they put their heads together and
when the Reverend Snelling stepped
into the pulpit on the evening of the
17th the results of their work became
apparent. He announced his subject
as "Evolution and Reform." and discussed "Socialism, or ln Other Words,
Anarchy," at great length. Most of
the "prominent" anti-Socialists had, of
course, been notified and they turned
out en masse. Had tbe writer been
there is is probable.the whole community would have been scandalized by
a riot ln church, but as he wants the
good things here and now rather than
in mythical heaven, he was not present.
On Monday, October 18th, the writer
mailed the enclosed challenge to the
Rev. Snelling. He has not answered
it yet. We will endeavor to shame
him into accepting and he will lead
a miserable existence for a while unless he does.
Copy of Challenge.
Albert, N.B., Oct. 18, 1909.
Rev. W. A. Snelling.
Dear  Sir:—I understand   that  you
ed to return and would be prepared i made a number of false statements on
to take on all comers. So far as I the evening of the 17th inst. regarding
have been able to learn our reverend | Socialism.   I am prepared to meet you
friend kept his face scrupulously shut,
so far as Socialism was concerned, for
a period of over five months. (May
1st to Oct. 17th).
Gribble came again. In the meantime the wageslaves of the village had
been warned to stay away from "Socialist Headquarters" on pain of stoppage of fodder. And they stayed away
like good, obedient slaves (for which
servile trick may they  be compelled
on a public platform and prove to the
satisfaction of any intelligent audience that Socialism is not the thing
you are desirous of having people believe.
If you are prepared to prove, or endeavor to do so, your statements in
public debate, please let me hear from
Yours very truly,
Comrade E. Fulcher of Brandon,
Man,, provincial organizer of the S.
P. of 07,' will be sent on an organizing
tour through the Province in about
middle of November. Comrades and
sympathizers with the S. P. of 07, in
unorganized localities will do a great
service to the movement by arranging
the meetings for him. Write at once
to H. Saltzman, Room IB, Harrison
Block, Winnipeg, Man., who would be
pleased to announce tbe date of the
Yours in Revolt,
City Hall, Nov. 4th, 9th and 17th.
Grandvlsw Hall, Nov. 6th.
Some years ago a senator introduced
a bill to prevent accidents on level
railroad crossings; it was known as
the Stop, Look and Listen Bill, and
caused considerable amusement among
both parties nnd among both sides in
the House of Commons. After constant attendance at the Senate for
about twenty years, this was the second piece of.proposed legislation this
senator produt)d, and this bill was referred to as. the "Second Resurrection," consequently there is no wonder it caused amusement. Now this
senator did not know himself the value of this bill; this measure was actually designed to make a man,think
by "Act of Parliament."
Can you make the average working-
man think? You have an awful big
contract on your hands.
The workingmen of this country
(supposed to be ours) remind me of
the following story:
A stranger travelling along a road,
met a man and a mule. The mule was
loaded up with about 250 pounds of
%heat on one side and the same weight
of rocks on the other, in order to balance the grain. The traveller asked
the driver why he did not divide up the
wheat into equal portions, and thus
relieve the mule of the extra weight.
The driver replied that that was the
way his father, grandfather and ancestors had marketed the wheat, and it
was good enough for htm.
Now this mule reminds me of the
working class, the wheat on the one
side is what they produce; the rocks
on the other side what they get for
their labor, and the driver represents
the, colossal Ignorance which drives
them along ln the same old rut.
Take the average wage slave, and
ask him why he votes Liberal or Conservative and he will undoubtedly reply that his father and grandfather
were Tories or Grits, and their politics are good enough for him.
At election time, whuc does Mr.
Wage Slave get? He gets a pump-
handle shake of the band and a promise of "Five more years of the full din-'
ner pall." Sometimes in a close race
he may get a five-spot, but on the average it is the bum and ward heeler
who gets the five bucks. Who is more
intelligent, the "intelligent elector" or
the bum? Mr. Intelligent Elector does
not often get any money at all, for the
simple reason he is so much afraid
of losing that unknown quantity called
bis vote. The politicians would be
utter fools to give him any money,
'when salve will do.
' If the wage slave would "Stop, look
and listen" at all times, or at least at
election time, do you think they would
be in such a miserable position as
they are today? The average worker
of today does not like the way the Socialist speaks or writes to htm. He
has been used to being called Intelligent by his exploiters' tools, but I
think that he is a dullard compared
with a mule.
For some years I have often taken
the liberty of writing a short query
to any likely address I got hold of,
something after this fashion: "Are
you interested in the Socialist movement?" "If you arc not a Socialist,
do you know why?" "Do you read the
Western Clarion, or any other Socialist paper?" In fact, put up any question likely to prove a thought-provok-
er. It would surprise many Socialists
to know the number of answers received, and results obtained by such
methods of propaganda. It can be
done tn the quiet of your home—If you
have one. It often touches a responsive chord in the person addressed.
It leads to all kinds of interest—If one
is inclined to follow up the correspondence. Invest a few cents In postage
stamps. Devote au evening or two as
outlined above, and watch results.
421 Eleventh avenue east.
Many years ago some smooth tong-
ued defender of capitalism said that
"Socialism would destroy the home,"
and ever since then the capitalistic
press, politician, pulpit and other
sources of misinformation worked the
phrase for all it was worth in order to
deceive the timid worker. If the one
who had first coined the phrase would
have said that "Capitalism destroys
the home," he would have told the
truth, but then the mouthpiece of capitalism would have kept silent, for if
there is anything that they dislike, lt
is the truth.
The effect of tbe ravages of capital
ism on the home life can be most
plainly seen in the Clyde valley district, where the over-crowded tenement house is an established Institution, and where for the sake of interest, rent and profit, the working class
is more illy housed and more closely
packed together than beasts of the
lowest kind. Along the banks of tbe
Clyde River are situated innumerable
shipbuilding and Industrial towns,
placeB that prior to the advent of the
steam engine were happy little farming communities, comparatively free
from the disease, filth and misery that
is found ln these towns today.
The transformation came about
when the enterprising capitalist came
along and in the various country villages bullded shipyards or other industrial establishments in order to "give
work" to the inhabitants of these communities.
Gradually as these ventures grew in
size and scope, other workers, lured
by tales of golden wealth, came with
their families, settled down in the district, and engaged in the noble art of
enriching the capitalist and landlord.
In time these villages grew to be
towns, and the towns grew into cities,
and the ever-Increasing population was
packed closer and closer together in
order that more profits and higher
rents could be squeezed out of them.
And now these cities and towns are
a sight to behold, with their crooked
narrow streets, dismal looking tenement houses, crowds of unkempt children, army of unemployed, haggard
looking factory hands, and tired looking women. With the advent of capitalism the home has disappeared, and
a room or two in a tenement flat is all
that ls left to the worker to live in.
The tenement house, even when new,
presents a most uninviting appearance, but after a few years' battle
with the elements, the smoke and the
throngs of children, lt comes out of
the fray looking very much like the
picture that hades is supposed to present. These houses, arid there are
very few houses other than tenement
houses, are all much of the same design, and it would take a keen ebser-
ver to distinguish any great difference
ln most of them. They are usually
erected ln blocks of tens and twenties,
much after the same manner as a
farmer would put up a batch of cattle
stalls or swine pens.
Each building occupies about 30
feet frontage, is from three to four
stories in height, and contains from
eight to fifteen separate apartments,
each apartment sheltering a family or
two. These apartments are usually
"a one room and a kitchen" affair,
though sometimes, for those of luxurious tastes, another room is added,
while tn some Instances persistent explorers have actually found one or two
cases where an extra large family occupied three rooms and a kitchen all
to themselves. The entrance to the
tenement dwellings is a sort of alleyway, known as a "close," and makes
one think of an entrance to some fortress or dungeon, while the numerous
doors and passageways leading Into
each "close" are like tho burrowlngs
of a rabbit or prairie dog. The stairs
loading to tbe upper apartments are
of stone and their many twists and
turns make them exceedingly dangerous to life and limb, especially on dark
days sr at nights should the hall lights
be not burning. On the door of each
apartment Ib a brass plate,
Inscribed the same of the occupant
and were it not fqr this it would be »
most difficult task for .a stranger, to»
find any one outside of his own flat or
building. The. roojns are very smalt
ones and 8x12 feet seems to be about
the average size, and therefore when
a little bit'of furniture1 is placed int
them they become stuffy "holes in the*
walls." Tie old fashioned style of. •>
permanent bed built into tne wall'
something like a clothes closet, ls sv
regular feature of each apartment, and'
does not speak well for either comfort,
or sanitation.     ,.. , ■
Modern stoves or ranges are almost
unknown, and the cooking and heating
is done by mean of hearth ovens and -
open fire-places. - The kitchen usually
'contains running water and sink, a
hearth oven-and a pantry, and' last,
but not least, a bed or two! Down lis
the stone paven back yard is the wash
house, to which each tenement has access once every week or fortnight, ao>
cording to the number of families located in the house.. . Looking out of a
back window one can get an unbroken'
view ot unsightly, backs of the other
houses on the block, and the monotonous sameness of such a view speaks
volumes for the ugliness that capitalism creates. A front view is much the
same, only here and there a shop or
Btore offers a slight relief in the architecture and surroundings.
There are many conflicting statistic*
as to the average number of person*
per room to each tenement dwelling,,
due to the desire on the part of the-
landlords to conceal the awful crowd-   .
ed  conditions  of  tbe  working  class,
but after a careful investigation, it
can be safely Bald that no less thair
31/i  persons eat, sleep and  exist   In-
every rdbm.   The misery, disease and
squalor that this means must be seen- -
or  experienced  before one. can  fully
realize  the dark' < disgrace  of overcrowding.   The blight is noticeable oil
all, but lt ls the Children who suffer
the  most,  and their   pony  physique;
tbin, wan, pale faces arid general- on-
healthy appearance are marks on tha
human race for Which    the ftendfsh
greed of man alone Is responsible.-   •
The unfortunate plight of the innc*
cent children should Are the heart in.
every human man-and woman and,
spur them to action against a system.
of society that is Ad heartless, so bra-
tal, so cruel.' Capitalism not only destroys the home, but it destroys men,
women and children, arid |n fact everything that comes within its clutches
provided It so can wriag interest, rent
and profit therefrossi
Socialists are often accused of being too bitter, too severe In their condemnation of our sbclai system, and
yet as a tact they are not half too hard
or too sweeping tn their denunciation;
for with a prostltttte press, a mutated
pulpit, and pollute* fountains of information, these 'tiree all-important
"graces of caplUrlsW" stand idly by
aad see the conditions of the workers grow worse year by year, and who
then dares raise a voice of protest except the Socialist? h Is an uphUj'
fight, a fight against ignorance, Indifference and selfishness, but lt« Is a,
grand cause and 'some day in the future people will look back with mingled feelings of honor and pity to think
that capitalism bad to destroy million*
of homes before tha^ working class
rose up and destroyed capitalism and
thereby gave to everyone a real home
and all that that Implies.
All workers should keep a keen eye
upon the actions of our Comrades
Hawthornthwaite and Williams In
connection with this tragedy.
Doubtless the whole enquiry would
have been quietly railroaded, had not
the comrades taken steps to proven!
any such deal.
The jury will return a verdict la •
day or two; In the meantime steps
will be taken to ensure the better protection of life and limb of tte workers
which Isengaged at Extension. *wo
His to Clarion
tftatr Saturday »» »»e
Jgaataliat Party ot Canada, at tha Mm
if tha weatern Clarion, Tlaok Block
Saarment, 198 Baetlng-a Street, Yanooa-
BMW Tn Tsar, so oeata for Sla Mentha,
, M easts far Three Moatha.
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rear subscription •spires tne
next fawn*.
There is no denying that Dick Mc-
JJrde has played his cards well. The
pot is his. His platform Ib a work of
srt, not tp say guile. The Liberals
are more hopelessly than ever in the
poup. They haven't a plank to cling
Jo, Nevertheless, after the manner of
£beir kind, they are whistling most valiantly.
The Premeter's railway policy ls unimpeachable. Probably, if the whole
truth were known, it might be seen
jto be the greatest crime of his career;
but here he ls, flaunting it as the chief-
,^st among his many virtues. Ye
■worthy citizens of British Columbia,
you shall have a railroad' to compete
jrith the Shylock C. P. R., and that'
.without giving away a dollar of your
money or an acre of your land. You
hsve but to elect McBride who will
{end your credit that Mann may borrow
the money to hire the slaves to build
the road to buck the C. P. R. Truly
a magic road, conjured up out of nothing and nowhere into something now,
or soon. Oh, you who live on the
prairies, tell us, does this virtuous
Mann's road there not play havoc with
the wicked C. P. R.?
And list, ye workers, this road is to
be built by white labor only. Yes, you
are the elect to the honor of building
(bis noble work; you, and no tailed or
jtarbanned Asiatics. See, the good Conservatives are still of the same mind
on the Asiatic question as they were
,when you elected them to power on
.the strength of their exclusion policy.
A white Canada for us.
And also, mark you, you shall bulid
this road, unprecedented fact, at a
''fair wage." For so 'tis in tbe bond.
Purely this cannot be the same Dan
Mann of whom the "Old Bear" loves
to tell that, ln one of the C. N. R. construction camps in Manitoba, the new
cook expressed astonishment at the excellence of the fodder for the wage-
mules. "That's all right," said the
{baas, "feed 'em up, give 'em all they
$an eat  it's all they're going to get."
Furthermore, McBride has most
neatly dished the Local Optionists.
There's your, plebiscite; go to it. McBride will carry out the People's will.
Jf in the future you are condemned to
drink Peruna, on your head be lt.
Back, back to the "cold shades of
Opposition," you shivering Liberals;
your valiant whistling will not avail.
As for us, we need expect no re-
. markable gains. Where we are strong-
est, around the mines,.the.proletarian
population is largely a -transient one.
|t Is probably not too much to say that
fiardly twenty-five per centrof the Socialist vote that will be cast ln the
poming election, in several districts,
will be cast by the same individuals
as ln tho last one. What with the disinters, shut-downs and .strikes, and
the devilishly ' Judicious use of the
blacklist, in some districts, if we hold
our own lt will be by reason of yeoman
work done.
However, as the reds wander or are
driven out of one place, they but carry
the message further afield, and those
that come to take their places are
gathered into tbe fold. And, when all
Is said and done, it is iu the spread of
our doctrines, and not in the winning
of elections, lies our hope of emancipation. So ihat, the very transiency of
our population, which seems our present misfortune, It to our. ultimate advantage. Let us then get into this
election with all the vigor we may, remembering always to put propaganda
before oil things; an injunction which
now, happily, is hardly necessary in
-prltisli Columbia.
That there are Pinkertons in the So-
ctaHst Party of the United States, nnd
that there are Individuals who are doing the work of Pinkertons, whether
they are getting paid for it or not, is
the reason which A. M. Simons advances for the stagnation prevailing
within   that   party.
To hurl the accusation of Pinkerton-
tsm at those who disagree with us is
becoming quite a fashionable practice
In Labor circles when no other argument will serve; but ln the present instance It does not seem to have even
the appoarance of plausibility, let
alone any ring of sincerity. Even were
It true It would yet remain one of
those iixpliuitlons which require explanation. A Socialist party must flrst
fee In an Indeed parlous state before
even the most adroit of Pinkertons
could rim In tbi'lr reptile work to any
And, truth to tell, the Socialist
Party In question presents a by uo
means edifying spectacle. Their wuys
have not been such as we may be at
all proud of. In the last presidential
election, they could, for brasen demu
goguery, be compared to tbe Hearst
party only. Not even the Democrats
made such desperate efforts to curry
favor with "Organized Labor," The
Republicans, to their credit, were
clasj-consclously defiant. And, by the
same token, despite the fawning of the
Socialist Party and the fulmlnatlons of
Gompers, the Republicans got the vote,
and the Socialist Party got what was
coming to it.
Undetered by the lesson, when (lumpers, whom, being a Democrat, they
had most violently assailed during the
election, was found guilty of "contempt," they rushed unasked to his
aid, not, of course, from any love of
him, but with the same old view of
getting a stand-in with the trade-unionists. And to-day we find them attaining to even greater heights of Michl-
avelian sublety; while still carrying on
their old flirtation with the trade-
unions, they are making most violent
love to the Industrial union which ls
now at the zenith of one of its periodical revivals.
And with all Its winning ways, to materialize Its promise of an increase to
a million votes tn a performance of an
actual, though explainable, decrease
from four years previous; that may
surely be slowed to account for at
least as much stagnation as the activities, paid or unpaid, of the agents
of the master class.
The causes for stagnation must be
sought deeper than that. With even
a leaven of party members Imbued
with an understanding of the fundamental principles of the Socialist philosophy, the efforts of all Pinkertons
or other misleaders would be In vain.
What has been done, or is being
done to provide such a leaven? With
all their frantic attempts to conciliate
possible converts, to make Socialism
fit this, that, or the other conflicting
interest, to render it acceptable to
divers desirable and powerful sections, lo make It Include any and every
"progressive Idea," to trim its sails to
every passing breeze, to make It
"scientific,'' "rational," respectable,
"broad," popular; with all that, have
your "intellectuals" made any effort to
spread among the rank and file any of
that knowledge which would render
them Independent of leaders and proof
against misleaders? Or even to Insist upon the necessity for the acquisition of such knowledge?
Striking loudly every note but the
revolutionary one of emancipation to
which alone the proletarian will rise
readily, they have attracted to them-
Belves a varicolored host, wherein the
"Intellectuals," with the advantage of
their education and the superficial
superiority, have attained or been accorded the official positions, and have
created by contrast, among the proletarian members, a section with an
exagerated proletarlanism that would,
exclude all who even savoured of being non-proletarian.   Also the ineffec-
But he has left a widow and seven
children, one of them blir.:, ' ^hlnd
him to face this most rep' hell, < uel,
ruthless, pitiless Capitalist!
What will help them?   What but the
Why Is It that the Socialist Party of
Canada does not enter into municipal
politics? That question has been ask
ed many times, and answered with t
due consideration by party member
At the present time, I am of the or n
Ion that members' of the Party n- ■ on
the fence regarding the question To
be exact, they have not botheret' tholr
heads about mayoralty, or aldernai■',
honors, or considered the posi ulllt.i
of revolutionists polutlng the i.tmos-
phere of that most holy of hollo
"the council chamber."
Municipal pollti, ns a .If art never considered of veiy int.tb Importance, consequently any thief i it Is
able to get his work ln, never succci 's
ln getting away with very much Bwr-.j;
because as a rule there Is vi ry llttla
easy money going around loose. Hence
the municipal game belongs ln its en
tlrety to the little business mm and
concerns him, and ' im i lore. I as
dealing with munlcii.. . affairs ln Cai ■
ada, as differing ln many respects fron-
conditions prevailing in Europe, or tt- j
United States of America, where m<re
latitude Is allowed, In the ai. niuit-.tra-
tlon of towns and cities, by it roper-
ty holders. In fact one can t jcc -
fully contradict the assertion t' .
there is such a thing as municipal
government in Canada. In every city
in the Dominion, its powers of governing ls vested ln a police commission,
who are dictators in every sense of the
word, and responsible to no one bul
the Provinlclal government. While it
is true that the ccncll Is represented
by the mayor is an ^..-officio member,
and one or * vo aldermen ( who. by
the way, are not responsible to the
council), the other 'embers of the
commission are dire t rep.esenlr"ves
of the Provincial govcrnm »nt, and vested with the pow^     of 'be judiciary.
The council then Is sti ipiy an administrative body, dependent oi the judiciary of the province .for h< proper
carrying out of Its resolut is, and
any resolutions which nilgi happen
to jeopardize the powers that be ■ ould
inevitably fall by the waysldi, impotent because of the lack of governing
forces, to carry your resolution 'nto
I .have endeavored to show you
it would be impossible to effect :, y
reforms in your cities, even if the Socialists were in a majority, unless
those reforms had the sanction of the
Provincial government. "Now!" I wish
to point out that civic administration
Is purely a property function, and exists for no other purpose. Provincial,
Dominion and Empirical administr
tions are always backed up by the
alone distinguish them from civic i to
perty administrations.
The function of civic administration
is confined to matters of supervising
the construction of sewers, sidewalks.
and pavements, erecting fire halls and
police stations, establishing building
restrictions, negotiating financial loans
on the strength of its population, and
several matters of minor imports ice
usually associated with municipalities.
The working class as a class own no
property. As Comrade Kingsley says,
"Your mansions are in the skies," so
it  is  no concern of the wage plugs
how  their masters spend  the money
tlveness of Its somewhat too demagog- to build their own sewers, sidewalks,
ic  political methods  has  broken  the' boulevards or buy policemen's clubs,
ground for a growing anti-parliament-1    The working class pay no taxes be-
arlsm. j cause they own no property, and even
So, unless we miss our guess, the " they are the source from whence all
significance of the present stagnation j blessings flow, the blessings have dels that the Socialist Party In the Unit- Parted from their creators, by reason
ed States has grown as far as It may of the fact that to the user of that m.\ s-
along Its present lines, and thnt It 'tlcal commodity, labor-power, belongs
presages either the break-up of the! the rlgnt t0 lts use vaIue> and a8 tlie
Parly or a radical change of course and ' function of labor begets a value great-
of method.
Let us profit by the leBson.
'Of the dead speak no evil." An
Injunction as old as the hills. Wherewith, possibly, good people seek to justify themselves to themselves for their
eternal evil-speaking of the living. The !ed lhat the working asses should not.
er than the value of labor power, it is
from that surplus alone that taxes are
Resolved then, "That your masters
pay the taxeB," consequently lt makes
not one lota of difference to your real
wages, or nominal wages, whether taxes are high, low, or abolished all together, and furthermore be lt resolv-
other diagnosis. His confirmed ldou
that the enminj, struggle for the establishment of Sociu ism must take place
upon the political field, seems to have
blinded him to the real meaning of the
changes upon' the Industrial field.
Ii Is generally admitted—and, If I
rem. mber co.-redly, he has himself
previously pointed out—that the prevailing tendency of capitalistic production Is to centralize all action, as this
gives cheapness, mobility, efficiency,
and ^ rongta.
awing to the capitalists combining
their fon i, especially so during a
strike wltb tbe workers, the various
oraft ni.Ions are learning from bitter
expurlenee that they are Individually
Impotenl against this combination, and
thu. iford must themselves combine
heir forces. This movement Is first
untiunal. and then International, just
i■ ■ the capitalistic combines and trusts
are spreading from national to Inter-
i.itional forms, as an Inevitable consequence of the nature of capitalistic
production, which is international, and
not confined within the limits of imaginary uatlonal boundary lines.
The workers must therefore thor-
ughly recognize the fact that, al-
t mugh the natures and conditions of
heir various trades may differ, the nature of their exploitation is exactly
similar, and their enemy a common
one. They must therefore learn to act
in unison, and support one another,
even though one be a baker, and the
other a candlestick maker.
The natural conclusion then is that
in combining their unions, and eliminating this trade caste, they are keeping pace with the progression of the
times. To remain apart would be a
sign of dry rot and decadence.
The main idea of the I. W. W. then
ls a progressive and correct one, although we may not see eye to eye with
them in their manner of conducting It;
but cliques are mainly responsible for
these cut-and-drled programmes hand
ed out, the workers, as a rule, being
but little interested In them.
Whether the coming struggle for the
i verthrow of capitalism will take place
upon the Industrial, or the political
field, is an extremely difficult riddle to
solve; but the sooner we can do so, the
better for ourselves, as it Is causing
i much needless dissension. Much can
i be said for either view.
From the political side, the govern
ment makes and sanctions the laws
and conditions under which we live
and work, and i-ontrols the army and
navy, and d i not hesitate in using
thvm to V ■or, the workers in subjec-
capitalistic production
progresses, il iucreaseB the army of
unemployed, who are of necessity a
nomadic species, chasing that will-'o-
th'-wlsp, a job, and therefore voteless.
A vast number of the workers, also,
are voteless, from one cause and an
other; and the government endeavors
to increase this condition, as the restlessness of the masses becomes more
aprarent. The political, - and possibly
peaceful, solution of the struggle does
not, then, look any too rosy at present.
As for the Industrial side, it seems
to lie appealing more and more to the
workers, since the class war can there
be brought home to them readier, and
it more Immediately affects their pickets and working conditions: and not
be'..;' clouded by so many legal tecli-
n.-'ii'S and phraseologies, is more
res  fly understood.
However, we don't care from which
sourc iallstn comes, so long as we
get it and any line of action which
produce   yoorl   reds" looks good to us.
Al' orkiu. m«n, and especially all
"rei should join their unions, even
thou .hey believe In the political so-
lutlc us it tends to Inft-ease solidarity; ind look at the excellent field it
offera for propaganda.
Where would Canadian Socialism be
If it were not for the support of the
unions? 1 doubt If there would be a
mer-her In parliament.
proletarian,  having    swallowed    this
! meddle  with  their    masters'  private
formula also, and acceding to no fun- j business, but devote their energies lo
damentnl distinction between good and iflBlltlnB the master claSB in P°litlcal
evil, may speak freely of the dead as
of the living.
Frank Sherman's chief curse seems
to have been a thirst for office, tempered by a certain incorruptibility
sufficiently attested to by the fact that
be died poor. An able man, but shifting his ground overmuch, and so an
unceraln quantity. His motives concern us nothing; It suffices that his
ways were not our ways, no matter
which be right; that we should part
company was inevitable.
Perhaps we hurt a dying man, but,
as his expulsion was without malice,
we have nothing to regret, even were
regret of any avail, except that we live
ln an age where we may not live ln
peace, that we must seek the Age of
Peace In the panoply of war.
Well, at any Atte, Sherman, dying
with the courage of his class and without the fear of hell, has found peace.
arenas more suitable to an enlightened working class.
! The municipal Itch' is a variety of
the opportunist disease, and its symptoms resemble the shadow chasing of
I ambitious politicians, bent on a little
: cheap glory at the expense of good,
sound  propaganda.
W, II. S.
In N'o. 547 of the "Clarion" there was
an editorial headed "A Sign of Decadence," and ln which nn endeavor
was made to prove that the prevailing
tendency of craft unions to affiliate,
and combine their forces on the Industrial field, ln an endeavor to withstand
the combining forces of capitalism,
was a sign of decadence In unionism.
I think the "old man" (lt looks to
me like his work) will have to try an-
,lear ('   .irade,—
Please find enclosed order for $15.00
on account for our weekly bundles of
Clarions. Also the English branch
want to take ten chances In the draw
for Library of Original Sources; will
send the money on as soon as pos*
I have to tell you our secretary met
with a pretty bad accident at work.
He is an electrician, and a fuse blew
out and caught hiin alight from the
waist up. That was ten days ago, and
he is not out of danger yet. A good
worker for the catiM, and a feeling of
sadness or glot i seems cast over the
boys when tl ?y ask about "Bob."
We nre having Haywood on Wednesday nl' lit, and we expect to see Gribble back a! 10 tg the Hock any day now.
I remain, yourn in revolt.
Secretary pro tern.
Socialist Directory
gpgf Every focal et tha Socialist Party al
Canada should run a card under this bead
11,00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
oottxtnom nznovTTTn oonumi,
Mnclallat   Party    of   Canada.      Meets
• very  alternate    Monday.    1).  O.   Mc-
. Kenale, Secretary, Box III, Vanoouver,
LOOAX. UIILin, Vo. as ■ T or n
td2 f«m-,,A.-,Mc.Leoa' Secy., i». o.
SfiK . ■ -Rossland Finnish Branch
7 lift '™F'5'a2<,S™' I"11- Sunday, at
toasl'and, B. C.
executive Committee, Boolsllat Party
of Canada. Meeta every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKonale, Secretary,
Mux III, Vancouver, B. C,
*umta rnoToroiAX. wxnovrm
Committee, Soclallat Party of Canada. Meeta every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Klartith Ave. Eaat. op-
poHite postofflce. Secretary wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
rscarding the movement In the province.
A. J. Browning. Sec, Box   647  Cal-
firy, Alta.
LOOA& aVABTiMxnt VO. 10, I. T. OT
7•BB,U,l?eKLmeetln.«• "vt'y Saturday
p.?!.™; '"hHdoiuarters on First. Ava
Parker, Williams, Sec., ladysmith, B.«T
fcoOAt, vvjasov, 1,1. oro
•very   Friday   evening  at T p.m..   10
pmmKI £»"• /"•'"a"   B-   C.    Frank
Phillips. Organiser; I. A. Austin, Seoy.
wo** mown, vo. s. s. ». or e.
E?eU ?v£Ty„ Sunday-at s:ao p.", la
Mi!er'uW'J, M,att. Ha^lday,  OrgaS
Her.    H.  K. Maclnnls, Secretary.
tlve <\immittee. Meeta flrst and third
Middays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner ot King and Alexander. The
Secretary wlll be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. Saltzman, Room 15, Har-
rlson Block. Winnipeg, Man.
oxtavxo vaoTwoxAL rnxmovrm
Committee. Meets In Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 1st nnd 3rd
Mondays. Organiser. W. dribble, 134
Hogarth Ave.. Toronto, P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape \ve. O. Colombo,
Italian Organlzor, 224 Chestnut St.
LOOA& TAVCOtrm, VO. 1, B. *. ov
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headuuarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
LOCAL   VAKCOUVEB,   B.   O.,    VO.    4S,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 151
Hustings St. W. Secretary, Matt Mur-
looax. vioToniA, vo. a, a. p. ot o.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre. Jas. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St. 	
log** nrvwFAix,  alta., vo. a—
Charter hangs In seeretary's lo*
shack, Hardsorabble Ranch, fI mils!
West of Bowden. Business meetlnga
twice a month. Capitalism vs.floclal.
Ism continually being debated V the
rTeral Public and membera oi thS
Local. Sky pilots and Hunkey poltl-
c ans cordially invited to call andpar-
tlcipate In the sport.   Secretary, S. W.
L0>9*P   0 M*"***1   AX,Vt"'   *">•  *  "•  »•
or  c.     Meetings   every   Sunday   at   I
&imi,.in lhe L-"?r Ha"' Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce).   Club
and  Reading  Room,  McTavlsh  Block.
iii ,  ,?ei:01d .st-   Ev, 0PP<>sIte  Imperial
Hotel, D. a.  McLean,  Box 647.   Secretary,
A. Macdonaui, Organizer,    Box 647
l<L0Afc »«*Msirtrv, alta., vo. ia, a.
P of C, meets every flrst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COLEMAN.     ALTA.,    VO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night ln the
Miners Hall and Opera House at I
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
Whether there is a candidate running in your riding or not, distribute
campaign Clarions.
Good Board and Rooms
$6.00 Per Week
558 5th Ave. Cait.
LOCAL NANAIMO, VO. 3,  I.  T.  ot C.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock!
Jack Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box   826.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m., In Trades and Labor Hall,
1-onrth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrle,
Organizer, 623 Second 8t.
local navxs, n. t. ot 0, holdi
educational   meetings   in   the   Miners';
Union    Hall,     Victoria   Ave.,   Fernle,!
every Sunday evening at 7:45.    Business   meeting   flrst    Sunday    ln   each
month,  same  place at  2:30  p  m.    J.
Lancaster, Sec.  Box 164.
C, meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall nt 7:30 p.m. Buslnoss
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
in Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh und
Tronson Sts. Business nnd propaganda combined. Geo. W. Patsrson, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
P. of C. Propaganda and business
meetings ut 8 p. m.. the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room over
old post offlce, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman,
Socr^tnry: W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
LO'JA'i'- FORT MOODT, B. C, VO. .41,
8. P. of C.—Business meetings flrst
Sunday In each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary. Port Moody, B. C.	
LOOAL     PRINCE     BOFBBT,     B.     C,
meets every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various hulls. J. B.
King,  Secretary.
quarters, Klondyke Blk., cor. Pacific
und King. Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummfngs, Organizer. Secretary, Jas. Thomson, 664
Agnes St.
lish    Brunch. Business    meetings
every second and fourth Thursdays in
each month, ut Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide St. w. Speakers' Class meets
every Tuesday ut 134 Hogurth Ave. k
Will. R. Hilbert. Recording Secretary,
42  Beverley  St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.  8,   8.  P.  OF  C.
BuslhesS meeting 1st Sundav ln
month, and propaganda meetings* following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Hoberts-
Allnn Hull, 7S Rhleuu St. A. J. Jlc-
Collum,  tis  Slater St..  Secretary.
LOCAL   COBALT,   NO.   9,   8.   P.   OF   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hnll. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   BEBLIN,   ONT.,   NO.   4,   8.   P.
of C., meeta every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 55
King St. E„ opposite Market Hotel.
H.  Martin, Secretary, 61  Weber St. E.
LOOAL   MONTBEAL,   QVB.,   VO.   1,   8.
F. of O.—Meets In Labor Hall. St
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Headquarters No. 1 St. Charles Bor-
romee St. Otto Jahn, Secretary, 628
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member        ....      wm. Davidson, Sandon
President Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Vice-President Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
Secretary-Treasurer .... A. Shilland, Sandon
No.      Name Meetiug Pres, Sec'y P.O. Add.
Night Bos
Grand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
M. & S. U
Rossland   .'...
Trail M & M..
85 Ymir
  |C. Galrns	
Wm. Winslow | James Tobin	
Patrick O'Connor w. K. Hadden	
Charles Blrce 'Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T.  H.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews.,H. T. Rainbow....
oe Armstrong A.   E.  Carter	
■"red Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. Lundln  	
Malcolm  McNeill.
Paul   Phillips	
R. Sllverthorn...
J. A. McKinnon..
L. R. Mclnnls...
Robert Malroy...
Blair Carter	
G.  B.  Mcintosh..
Wm. Heaketh	
IA. Burgess	
J.  Hays   	
James Roberts	
F. Phillips 	
W. A. Plckard	
Geo. Casey 	
A.   Shilland	
Fred   Llebscher...
D.  B.  O'Nealll	
T. T. Rutherford..
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.   B.  Mclsaac...
Grand   Forks
Rossland ,
Slocan City
Van Anda
C  PETERS Prac,lcal Bgo,
u. rc.tc.no „d S)|0I Mikir
Hand-Made Bopts and   Shoea to order tn
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock or staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
2458 Wsilnlsiter Avt
Ve'solir. the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the ad\*isabil*
ity of having l.teir Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York Life Blag,
Montreal: oud Washington. D.Cn U.S.A*   ,
Jos   tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 197, Port Arthur, Osl.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Maksaa ainoostaan, $1.50 vuosikerta
"Vakaleuka" Maksaa, $1.25
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'Clock
National Theatre
■ Formerly the Cameraphone
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies  will be  furnished Locals
ty Executive Committees at the following prices:
•Charter   (with    necessary    sujh
piles to start Local)  $5.00
Membership  Cards, each       .01
Dues stamps, each 10
IPlatform  and  application  blank
per 100     -25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 •   .50
Ditto in Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto In Italian, per 100 .".   -60
•Constitutions, each 20
Ditto, Finnish, per down 60
• _———^————
The following amendments to the
constitution are proposed In due form
by Local Gibson's Landing, B. C, No.
(1) That all branch Locals be abolished.
(2) That there shall be no more
ithan one chartered Local ln any city,
;town, municipality, or school district.
(3) That all Organizers, other than
Local Organizers, shall be under the
•direct control of a Provincial Executive-Committee or of the Dominion Executive Committee.
And that the constitution be amended acordlngly.
Comment.—Local Gibson's Landing
Is of opinion that nationality should be
as far as possible eliminated within
tbe Socialist Party, and that all Socialists in any one locality should be
.members of the one Local regardless
•of differences of race or language.
They would then come to understand
•one another better.
Locals favoring these amendments
should, as soon as possible .notify their
respective Executive Committees.
^Should a majority of the Locals In any
Province endorse the above propositions, in whole or In part, the Executive should notify the Dominion Executive before November 27th.
TVleeting held October 18th.
Present Comrades Oxtoby, (Chairman), Foin, Harrison, McDonald and
Correspondence dealt with from Edmonton, Coleman, and Dominion Executive.
Resignation of Secretary Browning
accepted.       V
Comrade Oxtoby elected as Secretary.
Edmonton (Ukranlan) Charter fee
Coleman (Finnish), Stamps  6.00
Card in Clarion * 2.00
Dominion Executive   25.00
Meeting October 18th.
Present, Penner (Chairman), Saltzman, Voss and Stechishln.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved as read.
Correspondence dealt with from Dominion Executive Committee, Local
Dauphin, Man., and Com E. Fulcher, of
Brandon, Man.
Warrants drawn to:
Myr. Stechishln, rec book $   .25
Chas. H. Kerr, books  10.00
H. Saltzman, refund on books...    2.00
BUI for card ln Western Clarion
laid over until Dominion Executive
Committee replies about stamps sold
to Brandon Local.
W'n'p'g. (German) Local, stamps $2.00
W'n'p'g. (Ukranlan local, stamps   2.00
Dauphin Local, stamps  1.00
Dauphin Local, books  2.00
Rec. Sect'y-
Winnipeg, Man., Oct. 22nd 1909.
Regular meeting October 18, 1909.
Present, Comrades Green, Wood-
house, Koenlg, Llndalla, Zalktnd and
Secretary. Comrade Woodhouse,
Minutes ot last regular meeting
read and approved.
Communications from Dominion secretary, C. C. Vellerman of Sarnla Tunnel, E. Richardson ot Hawksville and
Locals Brantford, Berlin, Port Arthur
Finnish, Lettish and English, Hamilton, Brockvllle, Gait, Ottawa, Organizer Gribble and W. D. Haywood were
dealt with.
On motion C. C. Wellerman was elected as a member at large.
Comrade Koenlg presented credentials as delegate to the Provincial Executive from Brockvllle.
On. motion the Treasurer was instructed to deposit convention funds
in one of the Local Banks. Assessment received to date is $114.00.
The following bills were ordered
To Dom. Ex., for supplies $25.00
To Western Clarion,   card   for
July, Aug., and Sept     3.00
To Sec'y., Oct., Salary.  10.00
To Postage  Stamps     1.00
Total    $39.00
Brockvllle Due Stamps $ 3.00
Hamilton Due Stamps     4.00
Gait Due Stamps     3.00
Ottawa Due Stamps     2.00
Ottawa,  Party Buttons 80
Port Arthur Finnish, Assessment
for 1909   32.50
Woodstock, Due Stamps     3.00
Berlin, Due Stamps     3.00
Sault Ste. Marie, Cards, 10c; Due
Stamps, $4.90     5.00
Toronto Finnish, Due Stamps... 10.00
C. C. Wellerman, Dues 50
Dominion and British Columbia executive meets Monday, November 1st.
* *   *
Comrade Hawthornthwaite ls making a flying trip through the province.
Socialist party candidates in the
Held to date are: Fernle, John Harrington; Grand Forks, John Mclnnls;
Nanalmo, J. H. Hawthornthwaite;
Newcastle, Parker Williams; Okanag-
on, J. F. Johnson; Vancouver. P. Gar-
vie, E. T. Klngsley, W. M. Mackenzie,
M. McGregor, R. P. Pettlplece; Victoria, Geo. Oliver.
• •   •
The elections will be held on the
November lists. These list will probably be withheld from everybody but
Government supporters - till the last
few days before election, ln many districts. So if you can't get one by the
middle of November, lt wlll be time to
commence raising a row about lt.
• • •
The campaign issue of the Clarion
will be that of November 13th. Besides other special matter, it will contain articles by Comrade Parker Williams on that railroad policy, and by
Comrade O'Brien dealing with the
farmers' position. Orders should be
sent ln at once. The price will be
70 cents per 100 postpaid to any address in Canada, in bundles of not less
than 100.
Local North Battleford, No. 3, Saskatchewan:
Whereas, this Local views with
alarm and distrust the efforts of the
Finnish Local, Port Arthur, to force
immediate demands into the Platform
of the S.»P. of C.
And whereas, the watchword of the
S. P. of C. has always been no compromise, no political trading.
And whereas, immediate demands always savor of .political trading, also
that the one and only Immediate demand ls covered by our Platform ln
abolition of the wage system and establishment of the co-operative commonwealth.
And whereas, the Finnish Comrades
are assuming a dlctatorial,attitude altogether out of keeping with the democratic organization of the S., P. of C.
Be it resolved, that this Local endorse the present makeup of the Platform and trust that it may always remain as simple, concise and revolutionary as it is at present.
Whereas, the Socialist Party of Canada is organized for the purpose of
emancipating the workers, and recognizes that the class struggle is International, and
Whereas, we have learned with horror of the brutal murder of a brilliant
educator of the working class in Spain
by the master class of that country.
Resolved, that we, the Calgary Local of the S. P. of C. hereby express
our abhorrence of this dastardly action on the part of the Spanish government in the execution of Prof. Ferrer
of Barcelona, and at the same time
point out to the workers of the world
what they may expect at the hands of
any capitalist government as long as
the present system remains in force.
What's the matter with Untermann
this week?
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"Rofctftchyj Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.        Winnipeg, Man.
Comrade Hawthornthwaite started
the ball rolling at Victoria by addressing a bumper meeting at the Grand
Theatre. The Socialist candidate,
George Olver, also spoke, and prospects look very bright for a good,
strong poll.
 i BY	
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 25c, by mail
—Merrie England; Britain for the
British, Blatchford. 20c. each by
mail,   Send lor Catalogue.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
jsiiiss.un.uisi leilisw si llillli illiii
l»v»a?x AuiKTvot u<e Cm Mut-c uwhui
Union-made Cigars. rjn
tBtt fifrtifirt. 1«« *> 0»«ieoiUi««lln'lNi loin Mum ^iIBHIKWIWb.
Js^li*lK«l»lll««silntlUBWWll*Oi™awr   <•»*«
9. W(Avki*i4, rteueknl,
* CHI.V.f
•• rami
Dear Comrade,—
As the B, C. provincial elections are
now a cert for November, do you
not think that we might concentrate
our energies on B. C. for this election?
In provincial elections we have a splendid chance to concentrate and help
each other, as It very seldom happens
that provincial elections come on In
two provinces at once. Why not have
each Provincial Executive get up a
fund and forward It to the B. C. Executive to be used in sending outside
speakers to needy places, or helping
jom'e Local with Its deposit? Money
spent this way would do a great amount of good to the Party in adding
to Its strength. By spreading the expenses of provincial elections over the
Dominion, we will be able to carry on
the propaganda to the best effect.
The average voter sits up and takes
notice better at election time than any
ither. It's easier to get large audiences then, and that's the time to do
:he propaganda. If we can get some
lddltional members elected in B. C,
irawing salary from the government,
:hey will help with the organizing and
iccasionally come and give us a look.
The rest of the Dominion will benefit
is much as B. C. So let us put our
shoulders to the wheel and our hands
.n our pockets and help to pay for it.
Yours in revolt,
Brandon, Man.
Dear Comrade,—
Had a good meeting In Brantford
spoke to what is not usually seen, an I
intelligent audience; was received [
well, sold a number of pamphlets and:
urged upon them the necessity of subscribing to the Western Clarion. We
can look forward for results from the
Brantford boys. I might also add that
Comrade Baker made his first appearance upon the platform In the capacity
of chairman, and he went far beyond
my expectations. Comrade Baker has
the makings of a first-class speaker.
With these few remarks, I remain,
Yours in the fray,
136 Hogarth avenue, Toronto, Ont.,
Oct. 12, 1909.
Which Stands for a Living Wage
Vancouver Local 357.
Calgary Herald:—The Indian Is coming Into his own. Under certain restrictions the natives in Alberta and
Saskatchewan are to be given a vote.
It will seem rather funny to have an
aspiring member slide up to Man With
the Pinto Horse, slip him the glad
hand and a cigar and ask him what he
thinks about the tariff on dried prunes.
The Indian will lie Just as able to give
an expression of opinion as the Douk-
hobor who has recently relumed from
a holiday jaunt during which his baggage consisted of an idiotic smile.
A "General Post" 1ms just been concluded with most satisfactory results
for the Socialists of Saxony and
Baden, who previously holding but one
seat, now capture outright twelve and
re-ballot forty-five.
' Two articles appeared ln the Western Clarion, one dated September 25th,
written by Comrade Stechishln, and
another dated October 2nd, written by
a comrade (?) who did not even dare
to sign his name ln full.
The S. P. of C. would be better off
if the members would -work In harmony and defend their interests
against the capitalist class, and' its
supporters, Instead of fighting among
themselves. I, personally, think' it
was very Improper to publish our difficulties, as we can' certainly settle our
own affairs, which concern our Local
only. But since lt has already been
published, I am compelled to write
this article, so as to explain the real
case and avoid further deceptions.
First, our Comrade Stechishln accuses the English members ot polite
rib-breaking and hell sending. In
answer to this I can say that although
there was no rib-breaking of any kind,
there certainly was much "hell sending." But no one went. Com. S. also
admits that he is not a reformer. He
would like to see the S. P. of C, even
more revolutionary than lt ls. But not
being satisfied with the affairs of the
S. P. of C. are run, he Is therefore an
Immediate demander.
If any betterment of conditions are
to be brought about, let this improvement begin at home. I am also an
Immediate demander in so far that I
demand a reform in our own "Party
affairs" first of all.
"My contention," says Comrade S„
"is, that the S. P. of C. is behind time.
Nearly every S. P. of Europe was once
ln the same stage of development."
In my opinion this Is an error. The
youth always benefits from the fibres
of the old. The reason that the other
S. P.'s have changed their platforms,
is because they have weakened, when
adversity asailed them, and thus have
retrogated. and not progressed. We,
the S. P. of C, having sadly noticed
the failures of our predecessors, are
not going to weaken or retreat a single
step until our final noble alms are
Com. S. also asks, "Who is to decide
whether any legislation is ih favor of
the working class or not? . . ,
According to the platform they (the
M.P.'s) are fully entitled to keep
quiet or even to vote In the Interests
of the C. P, R. . . . and the S. P.
of C. would be responsible for their
In answer to the flrst Question, I
can safely say, the S. P. of C. Is to decide. Section 1, Article VI, gives us
full rights to take a Referendum vote
on any matter of Interest to the party,
hence, we have full power to regulate
and correct the actions of our representatives, but, section 2 of the same
article is surely not a Socialistic idea.
It gives our representatives the full
right to do just as they please. When
have signed to abide by the platform, I did not agree to obey an imperialistic constitution. My logic, comrades and myself, will never rest until
this Section 2 of Article VI is wiped
off the face of the otherwise honorable
Right here, I think, Is the proper
place to state that the S. P. of C. ls
financially unable to have any party
Com.- S. has challenged anyone to
show him where the platform of the
S. P. of C. ls opposed to palliative
measures. Our comrade (?) J. H. has
not answered this challenge. This
challenge remains open. Can any one
answer It?   I can not.
This misunderstanding arose from
the difference of opinion of some comrades about the "immediate demands."
Local No. 1, of Winnipeg, has several
branches, each branch being composed
of a different nationality, which Is In
itself a very bad error. The Jewish
branch has published a resolution protesting against the action of the Dominion Executive Committee, ln refusing to affiliate wllh the I. S. B. In
the meantime the English branch published a resolution congratulating the
Dominion Executive Committee on
their action. And this was sufficient
to start the trouble. The English
branch published another resolution,
asking the Provincial Executive Committee to "deal" with any local or
factions within locals, who are not
satisfied with the platform of the S.
P. of C.
And right here a very clever trick
has been born. The Provincial Executive Committee refused to sell any
stamps to the Jewish branch. The reason for this can be better guessed
than explained. One of the members
of the Provincial Executive Committee
and also an active member of the Jewish branch, discovered that the Provincial Executive Committee was unconstitutional. A wholesale resignation followed; a new committee wfts
to be elected. 1 happened to be In
the hall and overheard one of the
"fathers" of the Provincial Executive
Committee saying confidentially. "The
Jewish branch is not going to elect any
of their men on the committee. This
English branch will elect Ihem all. I
am not going to lei them have tmy
stamps. I am going to put them out of
business." And Ihe organizer of the
English branch, whose duty is to increase the membership of the  S.  P.
ot C, confidentially said, "I hope so."
At one of our business meetings the
secretary of the Jewish branch asked
us to lend him some stamps as the
Provincial Executive would not sell
him any. After a hot discussion, and
by a majority vote of only two, he
secured the stamps. And the vllllans
said between their clenched teeth:
"Curses, foiled again."
The moment for the election arrived
and the flrst aforesaid 'father," that
whosoever has no stamps' affixed on
his or her membership card has no
vote. The secretaries of the different
benches' Informed the chair that they
were unable to secure stamps, but
that all cards are paid to date, and the
Initials of the secretary appears on
every card. But the villain, shellded
by the constitution, still pursued.
There was enough heat generated ln
one hour and 15 minutes to move the
water of the Niagara upwards. At
last one of our worthy comrades (Com.
Street) moved that lt the stamps
were available now, let them be affixed
now. -I seconded the motion, and the
villain was foiled again.
Stamps were affixed by a very large
majority, since the most of the Socialists of Winnipeg are foreigners.
Jealousy, vengeance and race prejudice, have then developed among the
defeated, and they have managed to
"unconstitutionally disband the Jewish branch." But the Jewish branch
pays no attention to this action. They
consider themselves members of the
S. P. ot O, Winnipeg Local No. 1.
And the "hell sending" still continues.
Yours for Revolution,
Comrade Editor,—
In a letter addressed to the Clarion,
some two weeks ago, Myr. Stechlsin
Is performing some mental acrobatic
stunts, which absolutely surprised
his friends and positively disproves
the idea that there is only one man
within the Jewish Branch (since disbanded) with that commodity called
brains! Murder will out, and the murder has come out good and strong,
through the. wiles and cross-examination ot Comrade Stebblngs. Mr. Zaltsman was forced to admit, in the presence of several other Comrades, that
while he' did not actually transcribe
the letter, he furnished most of the
Ideas In the letter signed by Stec-
This Information has been patent to
pretty nearly every member of Local
No. 1, as the assertions advanced ln
this breezy document have been familiar to us for some time, and always emanated from Mr. Zaltsman,
consequently we are forced to the conclusion that he Ib the real author ol
the letter. Friend Zaltsman displays
quite a fine Italian hand in publishing
his assertions under another man's
name, and is too wily to come voluntarily from under cover. A good many
of the former Jewish Branch were
good revolutionary Socialists, but have
have resigned, and will probably stay
resigned until some trouble makers
are thrown out of the Party.
Mr. Zaltsman completely annihilates
all the good work of the Socialist Party of Canada, with ONE SINGLE ASSERTION. What are we going to do
with such an Intellectual giant as he?
Let me quote from Wm, Llebknecht,
I. S. Review: "The enemy who comes
to us with open visor, we face with a
smile; to set our foot upon his neck
Is mere play for us. The enemy, however, that reaches out the hand to
us for a political alliance, and Intrudes himself upon us as a friend and
Yours for the Revolt,
•    •    •
We are of opinion that the rest of
the leaders of the Clarion would be
Just as well pleased If the Winnipeg
Comrades would discuss their differences, so far as possible, In Winnipeg.
—Ed. Clarion.
JVere and 7fow
Wanted—Five candidates and a sack,
apply Liberal headquarters, Vancouver.
NOTICE Ih liereby Klven that an application will be made under Part V. of
the "Water Act, 1909," to obtain n
licence in the Group 1 Division of New
Westminster  District.
(a) The name, address und occupation
of  the  applicant:     «lfre,l   Ruts,   fanner.
(b) The name of the lake, stream or
source (If unnamed, the description is):
1'ulns Creek. •'■■        ,      ,
to) The point of diversion Is nt the
distance of 16 chains from tho south
boundary Of Lot 90^.
(d) The quantity of water applied for
(lu cubic feet per second): 1-1 of 1
cubic foot.
(e) The character of the proposed
works: Mum and hydraulic ram with
pipe line.
(f) Tbe premises on which the water
is lo be used (describe same): On the
property loi or 902. south part. 10
chains from south boundary of Lot 901
iKt The purposes for which the water
is to be used:    For domestic use.
(h) If for Irrigation describe the land
intended to be Irrigated, giving acreage:
Irrigating 5 acres.
Ik) This notice was posted on the 6th
dav of October, 1909. anil application
will be made to tho Commissioner on the
8th dav of November,   1909.
(i) rtlve the names and addresses of
ai.v riparian proprietors or licensees
wiio or whose lands are lilloly to be affected bv tbe proposed works, either
above or below the outlet: J. N. Hlntsn,
T>.    Stelnbeurer,    J.    Chaster,    Gibsons
LanAL,l-;RKD RUIS, Gibsons' Landing.
On page three, third column, of last
week's Clarion, there is a letter from
Comrade H. Marten, headed "Precept
and Example." This letter is worthy
the serious consideration of every Local, and with Comrade Marten's permission I would like to comment a little more fully on the second paragraph
of his letter. He says—second line—
"I expect of course every Local is getting a bundle." (No, only about one-
third of the Locaii in Canada are taking a bundle.) "Then," he says, "I
would like to see every member of tha
Party and aa many others aa possible
take a bundle ot Ave a week." (There
are many members of the Party who
are not subscribers at all.) So you
can see there la quite a shaking up ot
dry bones needed. Another Item which
helps materially to keep the Clarion
going is the Socialist Directory—(last
column, page two)—but so far not
one-quarter ot the Locals have yet given visible proof of their existence by
running a card permanently ln that
column. This notice should at once
flood'the Clarion offlce with orders for
bundles and cards tot the Socialist
directory. You have done well so far,
Comrades, but much hard work remains to be done, and the only way to
get lt done is to do it.
• •   •
A certain Vancouver paper whose
hatred of labor ls proverbial seems to
be rather favorably Inclined towards
the running ot a "labor" candidate.
There ls nothing to prevent the capitalist class themselves from running
"labor" candidates, for all "labor" candidates stand for capitalism and with
it the right of the capitalist class to
rule and rob labor. If, however, "labor" candidates do not stand for the
robbery of labor they must stand for
the other thing—the stopping of the
robbery. In this owe, there Is no need
for them, tor there is a Party already
In existence which fills the bill—The
Socialist Party of Canada,     „,w-.  "I
* * *      "•   •• ■-. :-:4
Comrade Fred Brass, Calgary, renews bis sub. and donates $2.00 to the
campaign fund.
• *    si
Two yearlles from Comrade Horace
Colllngwood, North Battleford, Sask.
• « •
Comrade G. W. Wryley, Toronto,
makes another hit for one yearly and
three six-month subs, for the Clarion. 1
9    m    •
Two more subs, which mean two
more votes for Socialism on the 25th,
per Comrade Welling, Vancouver, B.C.
• *   *
Comrade John Egan, Hillcrest, Alta.,
subscribes for a year himself and adds
another yearly to the list.
• •   •
The sub. list of Ralph Station, Sask.,
is Increased by two new readers, per
Comrade Thos. Fitzslmmons.
»   •   •
Comrade R. T. Matthews, Winnipeg,
renews his own for a year and sends
along two more readers with it.
Five more nails In capitalism's coffin, per Comrade A. J. Browning, Calgary.
• •   •
"We are In for another fight and
find the old Clarion an able backer,"
writes Comrade Lilllth E. Nimmo, Extension, B. C, and encloses her own
renewal for a year and also a new sub.
for the same period.
• •       Si
Payments as follows arrived this
week: From Comrade Lome Cunningham, Guelph, Ont., bundle; Toronto
(English), bundle; Calgary, bundle
and card; Port Moody, B. C, card;
Berlin, Ont., bundle and card; Victoria, B. 0., bundle and card; Grand
Porks Miners' Union, bundle; and Hillcrest, Alberta, bundle.
• •   •
The following Comrades went good
for one sub. each this week: R. S.
McVety, Vancouver, B. C; Nat. Lambert, Vancpuver, B. 0.1 John V. Hull,
Port Moody, B.^O; J. Bone, Vancouver, B.C. W. H. Moore, Nanaimo, B. O.J
Harry Peters, Guelph, Ont.; Claude F.
Orchard, Kamloops, B. C.J R. Jamison,
Vancouver, B. C; J. M, Taylor, Mission Junction, B. C; J. Mclnniss, M.
P. P., Phoenix, II. O.j W. R. Huscroft,
PorthlU, Ida.; Archibald Hogg, New
Weslniinster, 11. C.i Miss B. O. Robinson, Toronto, Ont.;   and  H.  Norman.
• •   •
II is time the workers of B. C. voted
to own the railways they have already
built, without building any mora just
to hand over as capital to some lousy
hunch of capitalist politicians.
Vote to own yourself.
50c per year
Two lor a dollar
Six months 25c.
Published at Cowansvllle, P.Q. Four
., -.1
The annual conference of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain has
Just concluded Its labors at Newcastle-
on-Tyne. The affair Is not destined
to make any changes ln the attitude
of the miners towards taking more aggressive action either for themselves
or the working class.
The conference was held in the large
Co-operative Hail and at the openng
roll call there were 166 delegates, representing 603,674 miners, ln attendance. The president ot the Federation, Mr. Enoch Edwards, was in the
chair, surrounded by a brilliant (?)
array of Labor M. P.'s, including T.
Richards, W. Bruce, W. Abrahams, A.
Stanley, C. Fenwlck and other lesser
lights. Mr. Edwards, In a lengthy
presidential address, said ln part:
"Now, more than ever, it is most
important that the Federation- should
raise the basis upon which the men
were paid than It is, to obtain advances in wages during the present
godd times, because when the basis of
payment is raised lt insures for the
members a decent wage when the
price of coal was low and the trade
depressed. The mine owners were
unanimous against the eight-hour law
and had pronounced it Impractical, but
for all that, the law was now in force
and the commercial and economic side
of the question had adjusted Itself
•without trouble or panic, and this, too,
in a very short space of time.
"Some two years ago a great combination, called the Coal Consumers'
League, sprang Into existence for the
purpose of combating shorter hours
for the miners and it had gone so far
as to declare that any reduction of
hours in the pit would lead to an increase of five shillings per ton, in the
price of- coal. Today there were millions of tons of coal being produced,
and taken out of the mines for 15
shillings per ton, and the Coal Consumers' League stood before tbe country condemned as a fabricator of untruths, for, hot only had its prophecy
been unfulfilled, but there was no danger of them ever becoming so. Since
the last conference the fees of the
Federation had been paid to the Labor
Party, and it was good that this had
been done, as in previous years the
matter had caused considerable misunderstanding and some little heartburning. The members of the Federation, through the ballot, had decided
what course was to be pursued, and
so, by a majority of votes, they became part and parcel of the Labor
Party. The Labor Party could not be
complete without the union and the cooperation of the two would be for the
benefit of all concerned." In conclusion, Mr. Edwards congratulated the
miners on their gains in membership
and the partial establishment of the
eight-hour day and said that the Federation would undoubtedly become the
leader in the British trade union movement.
After the conclusion of the president's Initial address, Mr. W. Brace
M. R, arose and said that though the
Forest of Dean miners were not represented in this congress, they would be
at the next, as they had made application to the executive council for ad
mission Into the Federation. Mr. T.
Bent, M. P., moved' a vote of thanks
to the president, which was unanimously carried,, and cheers were also
given .for-the'Forest of Dean miners
for their affiliation with the Federation, now almost completely brings
the coal miners under one organization and establishes an unbroken chain
of trade unions from the North of
Scotland to the West of Wales.
Mr. J: Butler moved a resolution
calling upon the home Secretary to appoint more mine inspectors, who
should be paid Out of the public treasury.' He strongly, denounced the j>er-
ils to which the miners were subjected, due to the1 present' inadequate stiff
of Inspectors, some of which had less
than five years' experience at the- coal
face. He said that If there bad been
more thorough and- competent inspection of the mines by Independent persons in times gone by, many mining
accidents could have been averted
References were also made to the
Maypole explosion, where Inquiries into the disaster bad been made, but no
action taken. It was pointed out that
last Year 1,049 lives had been lost in
the coal mining Industry, and 8,000
had been injured.
Mr. R. Smillle said that for nearly
twenty years they had had knowledge
of the great dangers arising from coal
gas In mines. The government had
appointed a royal commission, which
went exhaustively into the matter, but
when the commission asked the government for a sum of money with
which to equip an experimental gallery to find out the relation of coal
dust to explosions, they were told that
the treasury could not afford the £5,-
000 with which to' equip the gallery,
so the royal commission had to go to
an experimental gallery that was furnished by the coal mine owners. He
stated that It was an outrage that the
government could not find such a
Bmall sum of money ln order to protect the lives of the miners. In France
miners had the right to appoint men
from their own rankB to Inspect all
mines, and these men were paid by
the government; •which, resprapensed
itself from the coal mine owners. If
such inspection had been in operation in Great Britain, the Maypole disaster would never of happened. There
were only 41 inspectors In Great Britain to safeguard the lives of 987,813
men who were employed In and about
the mines, and every life and limb
that was being lost was due to the
criminal neglect of the government.
The resolution was adopted without
In moving a motion, which was carried unanimously, asking the executive to take up the question of workmen being evicted from their houses
during trades disputes, Mr. Gllmour
Bald that in his district In Scotland,
300 men with their families, number:
lng in all 1,600 souls, bad been turned
out on the roadside for asserting their
The old resolution, declaring that
the land, minerals, mines and railways
should be owned and managed by the
State for the benefit of the people,
was proposed and carried without discussion.
When it came to the members of
parliament signing the constitution of
the Laboi Party, both Mr. Burt and'
Mr. Fenwick refused point-blank to
do so, and this caused some comment.
The election of officers took up considerable time, though many of the old
officers, Including the president, Mr.
Edwards, were re-elected.
On Thursday, two resolutions in far
vor of the nationalization of the land,
minerals, mines and railways, were
passed, and it seemed that the conference wanted to be on the safe side
when it came to resolutlng on that
question. These resolutions caused
considerable comment and discussion,
hut were both carried unanimously.
Resolutions calling upon the government to appoint a minister of mines,
a minimum wage of eight shillings per
day, the weekly payment of wages, an
age minimum of 18 years for youths
employed ln mines, payment for time
spent in travelling long distances under ground in order to get to place of
employment, were also passed by the
conference, while motions for the prohibition of piece work and a rive-day
working week were defeated. This
completed the labors of the conference, and the delegates adjourned to
meet again next year.
Yours for the Revolt,
t.i- n < ■b.
owned $«7,«09,OO6-,0OO out .of, a total na-
tionai income of $95,000,o60,000,1. e., 71
per cent, of the' country's wealth!
The voting strength of Social Democracy throughout the world exceeds
In 1906 there were 405 Socialists ih
the national legislatures of various
countries out of 5,718 representatives.
Throughout the world there are 638
Socialist magazines and newspapers;
seventy-seven of these are dailies.
In 1888 there were 2,000 votes cast
for Socialism in the United States; 36,-
000 ln 1896; 122,000 ln 1900, and 408,-
000 ih 1904.
In London one person in every four
dies on some form of public charity.
In New York one person In every ten
is burled in the Potter's field.'
In the United States 60,000 people
are killed, and 1,600,000 persons seriously injured every year. These accidents are largely preventable.
Consumption is a curable and preventable disease, yet 100,000 persons
die of it every year in the United
Such is the failure of marriage under
capitalism that 50,000 divorces take
place annually in the United States.
Of 700,000 people who died In Great
Britain during 1907, there were 617,-
879 who left no property whatever.
Thus it would appear that capitalism
has already abolished property as far
as the masses of people are concerned.
Profit is unpaid labor. Between
1895-1900 the Carnegie Steel Works
realized $130,000,000 ln profits. In
1901 alone they cleared $40,000,000.
The annual profits of American railroads are approximately $300,000,000.
In 1902 the Standard Oil Company
paid 45 per cent, dividends on its Invested capital.
It is estimated that John D. Rockefeller ls realizing about $2,000 every
hour from his stocks, real estate and
mines. Carnegie reaps an annual income of $15,000,000 from his investments ln the steel industry.
Only one-half the children born under capitalism live to reach 20 years
of age.—Miners' Magazine.
The average yearly wage of the individual workers employed in manu
factories of the United States is $439
—less than $1.50 per day.
It is estimated that 10,000,000 people in the United States are constantly on the verge of poverty.
There are 1,750,000 children between
the ages of 10 and 15 years employed
In the mines and factories of the United States.
A multi-millionaire recently had a
house built in New York city which
cost him $4,000,000. It would take a
laboring man earning $4 a day 3,300
years to receive- that in wages.
The income of one of our most prom
inent men is estimated to be $50,000,
(100 per annum. The President of the
United States, whose salary Is $50,
0001 per annum, would have to hang
on to his job 1,000 years to be paid that
amount out of the public treasury. ;
■ In 1890, according to government statistics, 1 per cent, of the families of
this country received nearly one-fourth
of the total national income; the
wealthiest 10 per- cent, of Its' families
receive about tbe same total income
aa the remaining 90 per cent; one-
eighth of the families received one-half
of the total output of wealth In that
year, and the richest 1 pet* cent, received a larger income than the poorest 60 per cent.
• In the United States $600,000,000 Is
spent every year on advertising. Advertising would be almost-unknown in
the co-operative commonwealth.
Five thousand persons In the United
States own nearly one-sixth of the entire national wealth; that Is, Control
about one-sixth of all money, land,
mines, buildings and industries In the
country.        '
More than 4,000,000 families ln the
United States, or nearly one-third of
the nation, must get along on Incomes
of less than $400 annually; more than
one-half the families get less than
$600; two-thirds of the families get less
than $900, while only one family In
twenty get an annual income of more
than $1,000.
Over one-half of the farms ln the
United States are mortgaged.
The aggregate capitalization of the
great trusts In the United States exceeds $20,000,000,000, or nearly a quarter of the total wealth of the country.
Six of the great railway systems control over 90 per cent, of all railway
mileage, and a half dozen men can fix
the freight rates for the whole of the
United States.
It is estimated that 1,000,000 persons
are constantly out of work ln the United States.
In 1900 the United States census
showed that 250,251 persons, or three-
tenths of 1 per cent, of the poulatlon,
At the last hearing of the charge
at Westminster Police Court, London,
against Madar Lai Dhlnagrl for the
killing of Sir William Curzon Hutt Wy-
lllie, political aide-camp to Lord Mor-
ley, and Dr. Lalcaca at the Imperial Institute, In London, on July 1st last, he
made a long statement denying the
right of any English court to arrest
him or detain him ln prison, and maintaining that he was acting just as patriotically in killing an Englishman as
an Englishman would be if he killed
a German invader of Great Britain.
The following, taken from the London "Daily News," is the full text of
the prisoner's remarkable statement.
"I do not want to say anything in defence of myself, but simply to prove
the justice of my deeds. For myself,
I do not think that any English law
court has any authority to arrest me
and to detain me ln prison, or pass
sentence of death. That is why I have
Ic In the English fighting against the
ho counsel to defend me.
"And I maintain that If it is patriot-
Germans if they were to occupy this
country, It is more justifiable and patriotic in my case fighting against the
British people responsible for the murder of eighty millions of my countrymen within the last fifty years, and
they are also responsible for taking
away £100,000,000 a year from India
to this country. I also hold them responsible for the hanging and deportation of my patriotic countrymen who
did' just the same as Englishmen here
fre Inviting their countrymen to do.
| "And an Englishman who goes out to
India and sees he gets £100 a month--
that simply means that he passes sentence of death upon one thousand of
my poor countrymen, because these
one thousand people could very easily
live on this £100, which the Englisman
spends mostly ln his frivolities and
"As the Germans have got no right
to occupy this country, so the English
people have no right to occupy India,
and it Is perfectly justifiable on our
part to kill the Englishmen who are
polluting our sacred land,
"I am surprised at the terrible hyp-
oerley, force, and mockery of the English when they pose as the champions
of oppressed humanity among the people of the Congo and tbe people of
Russia when there ls such terrible oppression and horrible atrocities committed ln India—for example, the killing of two million people a year and
violating their women.
'In case this country were occupied
by Germans, and an Englishman, not
bearing to see Germans walk with the
Insolence of conquerors the streets of
London, goes and kills one or two
Germans, then If that Englishman Is
(o be known as a patriot by the people
of this country, certainly I am a patriot for working for the emancipation
of my Motherland.
'Whatever else I have to say is
given In my statement which is In
No Wish lor Mercy.
The Clerk of the Court inquired
whether that was all he had to say,
. -■.'■'..J-V'i.^V-j....'—rt
aud after tire-prisoner had glanced at
the blue official paper which .he held
in his hand, he added:
"I made the statement not because I
wish to plead for mercy or anything of
that kind. I wish that the English
people would sentence me to death, for
in that case the vengence of my
countrymen will be all the more keen.
"I put in the statement totshow the
justice of my cause to the outside
world, especially to our sympathisers
in America and Germany."
Madar Lai Dhinagri has now passed
out of this life. The English gallows I
has added another victim to the long
roil of men who have resisted Eng:
land's brutal tyranny and given their
lives on the battlefield, in the prison-
ship and Into the' hands of the English
hangman.' But bis memory will never
die; it will live forever in the hearts
of his countrymen. ills BouI lB marching on.—Bande Mataram. In The Free
You would be surprised If you were
asked at a Liberal or Conservative
election meeting to give something towards paying the expenses of their
campaign, such as election deposits,
rent of halls, etc. These parties are
perfectly honest in this respect, as
they do not stand in your interests,
and so tbey do not expect you to pay
their election expenses. All they expect of you is that they will be able
to fool you into giving them your vote
which is worth more to them than any
other donation you could make. The
Socialist Party, however, is not a capitalist party; lt stands for you, Mr.
Workingman or Woman. So it is to
you that the Party comes for its financial support and it also looks to you
for your vote because lt is the Party
of the working class.
Now, let's figure lt out snd see how
much is needed to pay the expenses of
the Socialist Party in this campaign.
First of all there ls the election deposit, which amounts to $100.00 for
each candidate, or $500.00 for the five.
Then there are Incidental expenses,
such as rents of halls, advertising,
dodgers, literature tor distribution,
etc., which would bring the total up to
$800.00 or more.
Now, remember the more funds the
Party has in this election the more
lively the scrap It can put up, so you
are asked to make you donation now.
The Socialist Party wants what you
want; it is your Party, and the more
you give towards Its expenses the
more you make It your Party, for as
the old saying goes: "He who pays
the piper calls the tune." (
Give what you can now. It ls needed at once. Your donation may be
handed to any member of the Party,
who will give you a receipt for it, and
besides, it will be acknowledged ln the
Party's Paper, the Western Clarion.
Or you can give it to the treasurer at
the Sunday night meeting; the fellow selling books will show him to
you; or you may go into the Clarion
office or headquarters and give it there,
or you can send lt by mail to
Box 836, City.
Previously acknowledged   $200.25
J. Gemmel      2J)0
O. Rayner      2.50
L. T. English.;      5.00
A. Hewitt  ,16.00
R. D. Johnson  '   1.00
S. J. Trotter       5.00
J. M.      2.00
J, Bone      2.50
Hattle Bone      2.50
T. M. Beamish    25.00
J. A. Telt       6.00
R. B. Robinson       3.00
Collected Local meeting    32.86
Total $303.60
Price, each    SOc
To Locals five for $2.00.  Apply to your
Provincial Secretary.
623 Alexander St.
Furnished and unfurnished rooms
Rates $1.50 per week up.
60   YEARS'
; Matter for semiring pal....-
Tiilentj taken throuiih Munn * To. reotiTt
fecial notice, without coarse. In the
Scientific American.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention aaaembled,
'affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of, the means of production, consequently all the produota of
labor belong to the capitalist class. Th'e capitalist ls therefor*
ifiiiiter; the worker a iiave. .
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession ot the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rlghta in the' means of wealth
production and their control of the product Of labor1!
Tbe capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of. profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
Of murery and degradation.
The Interest of the wonting class lies in the direction of letting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by tbe abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery ot the working-claw
at the point of production. To accomplish thla necessitates the*
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of the power" of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure lt by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, as follows: i
1. The transformation, aa rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property In the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories,'mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
, by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system is abolished, make the anawer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party ls for It; If it will not, the Socialist Party ls absolutely
opposed to It.
Ih accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledge*
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed 'in Its hands in such
• manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
Among all independent and progressive thinkers this great work Is rapidly superseding encyclopaedias, histories, etc., which are only second band
information. Here are the sources to which the encyclopaedia and other
writers have to go for their information. These rare "original source" documents sweep away bigotry and superstition and allow why aoolallsm la Main*-. It Is absolutely authoritative and unbiased. It is filled with the words
of men who have made history. Economics, Evoluton, Education, Philosophy,
Sociology, Science, Psychology, Religion and all fields ot thought are lully
covered, presenting the Ideas that have Influenced civilisation ln the original
words of the master thinkers and Investigators, from Thales, Plato, Aristotle
and Socrates to Darwin, Spencer, Huxley, Weismann, Marx, Engles and'
Haeckel. A history—not of mere events—but of human thought anoT Institutions, IndlBpensible to every Socialist. Appeal to Season says: "Every Socialist Local should have a set." Walter Lohrents, secretary Longshoreman's
Union, South Bend, Wash.: "A boon to the workingman who has neither
money nor opportunity to get a college education." Tom Clifford, Socialist
Lecturer:    "A service to civilisation."
,   '/.'.ji »„ .1.',;"    I I ""V" ■^^-■ I'mtm,
You. know how capitalistic writers and speakers -deliberately misrepresent history. Here at last is a work that digs deep into seal history of elv-
llizutlon and reveals.the naked truth. It traces the economic development of
ideas and Institutions and shows why. Socialism Is inevitable. Freeman
Knowles, the grand old man, who has the bravery to apeak tne truth-ami
go to Jail for it, says: "It is the greatest work extant" All the leading
Socialist writers, editors, lecturers and thinkers use and commend the Usrarr
—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Victor L. Berger, A M. Lewis, A, w.
Simons, and thousands of the comrades—farmers, miners, ranchmen,
mechanics, blacksmiths and cobblers. You should'see the enthusiastic Utters they write, unsolicited—for Instance, A L. Livingston, ranchman, secretary Local, Hackberry, Kan.: "Greatest addition I ever made to my library/'
Thousands of Socialists are pleased owners of this work. Get- yours now,
on the co-operative basis before the sale closes. Only a few hundred! sett
lft. Write to-day—to-morrow may be too late. A postal cart (mantle "
the Clarion) will bring table of contents; description and details of
liberal co-operative offer.    University Research Extension, MUw>
Largest otr.
Term*. S3 a
A BtMsomelr lllsitrsted weekly.
culatum of any »cl«!itiao Journal. _""''•.,•"-
rear; tourmonHie.il. Sold brail yewaaeeletj.
Ifllf you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your' address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
installing the gar. pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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