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Western Clarion Aug 10, 1912

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The Economic Reason for the Struggle of Woman
to Gain Recognition As a Human Being, With the
Same Political Rights and Privileges as Man.
The woman suffrage question has
agitated the public a great deal ln late
years all over the world. There has
been a good deal Bald both for and
against. The one says lt is only right
and just that woman should have the
franchise, because they compose half
the human race and should have the
same right as men to vote. "No!"
says the opponent, "she should keep
out of politics altogether, attend to
her household duties, rear children,
and be a good wife to her husband."
"Amen!" says the pulpiteer; "God in
His wisdom has so destined her for
that purpose only."
Nobody seems to be able, however,
to give the reason why women are
making an effort to get the suffrage.
Now everybody knows, or should
know, that there can be no effect
without a cause. Hence we must analyze it, find out why women all at
once try to have a say In the lawmaking power, and why they did not
want It before. Therefore I think lt
opportune to make clear the cause of
their present activity on that line.
This being purely an economic -tax as-
tion, it must be treated from that
viewpoint to find out why women force
themselves to the front, seek to attain
greater recognition and more respect
from their fellow-meh In our age than
ever before.
From a humanitarian point of view
I am in favor of women having the
same privilege in the voting power
with men, but for certain reasons
given below I am against extending
the franchise to women.
When first man enslaved his fellow-
man woman became the property of
the master, and had to work alongside her fellow-man In the field. However, as woman is destined by nature
to give birth to and rear children, the
household became naturally the field
for her operations. From that time
on woman really became the property
of man, was considered inferior and is
' so held up to this time. When woman
took possession of the household the
man had to furnish the necessities for
the family, and consequently he became the supporter. As time passed
on marriage laws came Into existence,
and as women were now dependent on
men for support the female child was
naturally taught by its parent to look
attractive, for the purpose, when ola
enough, of finding a supporter for
This Bystem was all right aa long as
humanity lived principally by agriculture (land production), and even a
few centuries after the factory system
followed, when everything was produced on a small scale by hand tools,
no change was yet noticed.
When, however, machinery made its
appearance and society commenced to
produce for a world's market the
worker was gradually separated from
his hand tools and became a factory
This has developed to such a gigantic scale that our present Industries
are managed by large corporations, or
go-called trusts, because lt requires
such an enormous capital that no Individual could handle lt alone. In order to keep pace with an ever-increasing demand new and ever-larger machinery came into existence to cope
with the new situation under which
society found Itself.
Today most all the physical
strength necessary to production is
concentrated in the iron monster, and
even that which formerly required the
greatest of human skill Is now done
by simple machinery.
In cons'-queuce we see In every nation a great army of unemployed who
have to compete with their fellow-men
who are at work and jeopardize their
jobs, or In other words their very exist
ence. The result of this struggle is
that they refuse to enter into a family
bond and rear children, hence the tendency of the most highly developed
countries to become depopulated. ThlB
in turn leaves the woman without a
supporter, and she is forced by circumstances to live on her own merits.
Therefore she has to enter the field
ln competition with man in every line
of industry.
This has developed her Intellect to
the point where she has become conscious of the fact of her inferiority.
She is not even conceded the same
remuneration as men where equal services are performed. If she complains
in many instances she has been told to
look for a "gentleman friend," for no
other purpose than to make up for the
difference between her wages and her
needs. A great insult, indeed, ,to women and motherhood in our so-called
highly civilized age.
As conditions become more and
more unbearable, existence more and
more uncertain, the mind more and
more developed, and women have not
yet a Bay in man-made laws, but are
compelled to live under them, will you
blame them if they make an effort to
remedy where it is lacking?
But, as I well recognize, to gain the
only practical knowledge worth knowing by hard and bitter experience, it
must be produced from within and not
from without—that is, anything can
only have a permanent result when a
certain desire becomes necessary to
have it established. Without this desire or want lt will become a detriment rather than a benefit to anyone
to whom anything is given before,
hand, because its value cannot be appreciated and its application wlll be
For this reason I am against extending the franchise to women until a
pronounced majority of her sex demand it.
When, however, the majority of women have ripened to the consciousness,
through economic necessity, that their
sex should have the same civic rights
as men now exercise, it becomes entirely unnecessary to give that right
to them, because they will then have
the power to back up their demand
and take it, whether man likes it or
not. C. F. 8.
The System is rotten.   Push it over.
The Vancouver city authorities are
making preparations for the accom
modatlon of a big chain gang for the
Our object is to change the present
system and Instead of having commo
dities made for profit as at present,
we will have them made for use.
If you get this paper sent
you, it is paid for.
All we wish you to do is to
study it, and if you flnd anything in it that you object
to, write to the office of publication and let us know to
what you disagree.
This paper is published in
the interests of the working
class, therefore if you are a
wage worker it is to your
interest to study it.
"Tell me whose tools you use and
I'll tell you whose slave you are. Tell
me whose bread you eat and I'll tell
you whose song you sing."—Oscar
Every time you vote for the Liberal
or the Conservative you vote for the
low wages paid by the big departmental stores to their girl employees
which has driven many a girl to the
red light district.
Say, you free-born British object,
don't you know that the boss does not
pay you for working for him? If you
don't, it's time you got wise to the
proposition that you pay the boss for
the privilege of letting you work for
August 1, 1912.
The Western Clarion, Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sirs: I am Instructed by the
above local to send you, and am enclosing herewith a copy of the resolution which was passed at the mass
meeting of workers, same being a protest against the action of the authorities ln sending troops to the strike
A copy of this resolution has been
sent to the Attorney-General of Alberta, the Minister of Militia at Ottawa, the District Ledger and the Superintendent of the R. N. W. M. P.
at Reglna.
Yours truly,
Resolution passed at a mass meeting
July 28, 1912.
Whereas, a strike of the workers on
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company's construction work in the Rocky
Mountains has been called, and
Whereas, a company of soldiers and
a detachment of police have been sent
to said district, and
Whereas, said soldiers and police
are sent to protect the Company's
property and not to protect the workers in their endeavor to obtain satisfactory living conditions..
Therefore, we, working men in the
city of Calgary, ln the Province of Alberta, ln mass meeting assembled, do
hereby protest against the said action
of the authorities ln sending said soldiers and police, and demand the Instant recall of these forces.
The German invasion of Australia
still goes on. Last year over 79,000,000
marks' worth of goods were exported
to Australia from the Fatherland, as
against 63,000,000 tn the previous year.
Meanwhile the Australian Ib increasingly carrying his swag looking for a
Of tbe 52,000,000 acres of land ln
New Zealand 90 persons own 8,128,742
acres or 15 per cent, of the whole;
less than 1,000 persons hold over 19,-
500,000 acres; more than 40,000,000
acres is hold by 73,000 persons, and
the whole area of rural freehold lands,
19,575,281 acres is owned by 46,922
You all know him. He is to be
found on most jobs. He likes work.
He has only one ambition in life and
that Is to work, to have a Job. When
he has a job he has the foundation
to all happiness. It is the be all and
end all to his existence. His ignorance is stupendous. The mutt, he will
concentrate all his energies on doing
as much work aB he can; he delights
in arduous, physical labor. The fool
will try to do more than the next man.
He will put out more of his life in
the insane desire to be a better and
cheaper Blave than another. Not only
will he do this awful deed, but he
will even boastfully blow about lt.
That poor degenerate fool slave; he Is
to be pitied. He does not know that
his very life is being exploited; he
does not know tbat just as surely as
he works, so he Is being robbed. Each
time he raises his hand to labor lt
means riches for some parasite. He
does not know that; indeed, no. All
he knows Ib how to work and spend
his miserable wages.
Perhaps he believes he will have
some fine reward in the hereafter
when he is dead. In the meantime he
wants to work; to be cheap and deny
himself all pleasures. Laziness and
pleasure are to him horrors to be
avoided. He knows not the Joys of
leisure and travel, comfort and plenty
are strange words to him, the fool
slave, yet he will tell you he is happy
and satisfied.
You workers, how long are you going to stand this condition of miserable slavery?
Are you really men, or just unthinking working animals?
Surely you can see that it is up to
you to shake off the shackles of Capitalism.
Hark to the call of the Socialist,
you fool Blave!
The striking coal dock laborers and
the police of Port Arthur got mixed up
in a scrimmage, several of them getting seriously wounded, and as usual
troops were called out to do the dirty
work of the C. N. R. magnates and
their hangers-on, should any further
outbreak occur.
The Struggle of an Enslaved Working Class to Break
the Chains of Economic Bondage and Free Itself
From Capitalist Exploitation.
A free speech fight is on in Chicago.
The latest report states that fifteen
have been arrested. The police
charged the crowd with drawn batons,
some of them even drawing their revolvers. Several of the Socialists arrested were refused ball.
The Chicago newspaper strike is
still on, the circulation of the trust
newspapers is almost at the vanishing point and the Chicago Daily World
(Socialist) ls publishing two papers
daily and getting the support of the
wage workers of that city.
If you haven't got any of the property that is so easily obtained ln this
country, it's because you havo to work
for a master who gets all the pros
perlty after you have produced lt. Get
wise and vote for the Collective Ownership of the means of wealth production.
What is that which is stirring the
classes into action? Wherever you
go you see the same revolt Implanted
into the workingmen, and as this
thing ls gradually increasing why soon
things will have to come to a climax.
If we study tbe condition of the
workers lt ts only logical that this
spirit of revolt is existing among ruling,
them, for wherever we go we see the Nowi
Bame miserable conditions and the
same competition for jobs In order
that they may live.
Now, then, we know that all this
misery ls the outcome of someone's
carelessness, and that someone is the
capitalists, those who own the machinery of production. Now, as this
class of parasites have been living on
the blood of the working class, they
are responsible for the conditions existing at the present time.
So it is evident that we need a
change, and ln order to bring that
into effect tt is necessary that we
get you workers in line to understand
your position in society.
Now, then, your position, Mr. Workingman, ts that ot a producer—that ls,
the creator of something that will be
of use to society. It does not matter
whether you create lt for your own
use or not, Just so long as it Is made
for use. That is the reason why you
are a workingman, and as theBe articles that you create cannot be all
used by yourself It ls necessary that
they be exchanged for other useful
articles, and the exchange of these is
the basis of this society today.
And as I say that this tool-owning
class are the masters of the situation, for in order for you to gain
access to the means of life you have
to go to an employer and sell yourself. Now, as you go to the boss and
say "How are chances?" he will retort in this manner: "Come around in
a few days and I might have a vacancy." He means by that you will
have to wait until he can hire you
and make a profit out of you.
Now, Mr. Workingman, in order
that you must know where this profit
comes from it is necessary that you
read and study the principles ot Sci
entific Socialism and you will readily
understand why Capitalism ls the
dominant factor ln society today.
Now, then, as you eventually get
hired by this owning class, you are
subjected by this class or some of
their hirelings, and you apply your
physical and mental labor power to
create these exchange values for this
then, as your time may be
to work eight hours, in that eight
hours you have produced enough to
entitle you to receive wages.
What do we mean by wages? Why,
simply this: We get enough ln return to enable ub to reproduce our
labor power so that we can pile up
more profits for the capitalist class.
Now we will say that two dollars will
maintain you for a day, but you can
create enough value ln three hours,
so over and above that is what Is
termed surplus time, and in that surplus time you create surplus value.
Now, Mr. Workingman, as the capitalist owns the machinery of production he has acquired the right to use
your labor time as long as he thinks
fit. In order for the robbing process
to cease it is necessary that you, Mr.
Workingman, should realize your position in society, and when we have
got enough of you—well, I guess the
rest will be easy.
In order to throw this system over
we have got to organize as a class
and fight them as class against
And so I say we have got to back
our forces against them, and our
weapons are education, orgazinatlon
and agitation, and read and study up
the principles of Socialism, for lt is
necessary that you know when to
strike and how to strike, and if we
have not those weapons when the
time comes we shall not be able to
predict the outcome of the fight.
All I know Is this, that ln every
phase of society, whenever a change
took place lt was the outcome of
force which determined the winning
side, so what we want is to educate
you to your power, Mr. Workingman,
and when we realize it we have the
power and the lever to overthrow
this existing society.
What is socialism? Who ls a socialist? In view of the rather confusing and clashing ideas of the various
individuals and factions calling themselves Socialists, it may be agreed
that these are pertinent queries, and
although the writer of these lines
would not attempt a complete, and
final answer to these momentous questions, he is nevertheless constrained
to contribute his mite to the. general
discussion and endeavor to set forth
the case as it strikes him.
Well—What is socialism? Probably
most well-informed Socialists would
agree that, putting it briefly, the modern International Socialist Movement
might be said to be an effort on the
part of those who are Blaves to the
rule of capital to obtain economic
freedom by breaking that rule.
Granted that this definition is correct, it follows that Socialism is necessarily revolutionary, because lt implies the overthrow of the master-class
by the slave-class. This is Socialism.
Thus Socialism is revolutionary regardless of whether the ruling class Is
disposed peacefully or otherwise. A
large number of thln-Lklnned people
are greatly alarmed at the mere mention of revolution, thinking lt must
necessarily be bloody, but they are
quite in error on this point. Lack of
space prevents going into details here
but it may be stated baldly that a
bloodless revolution Ib at least a possibility. Personally the writer sincerely hopes lt will be and rather expects to see it, although he is aware
that some well posted and eminent
comrades are Inclined to the opposite
opinion. However, we wish it distinctly understood that it Is the end and
not the means we consider Important.
Society is everything—the Individual
nothing, in the attainment of freedom.
An illustration is here applicable
in [regard 1(0 the ancient chestnut
about the smart "self-made" Yankee
business man advising his son who
was going Into the business world to
begin for himself. Said he, as his
solemn parting Injunction to young
hopeful: "My son, get money—honestly if you can—but get it." Our war-
cry ls: "Take the earth—peacefully if
possible—but take it I"
We have made what Is to us an exceedingly Important dlBcovery—namely, that might is right. All ruling
classes have always recognized this
truth and acted accordingly, while
teaching the very opposite to their
slaves ln order to blind them to their
real condition. Our sole effort ls to
get this power, because the right to
do anything always goes with the
might, and once ln possession of this
invincible force we will not hesitate
the fraction of a second in applying
it. All questions of right and wrong
will Instantly disappear, and the new
order of things be accepted quite as a
matter of course. In the meantime we
know how to labor and to wait, sowing
the seeds of intelligent discontent and
kindling the dormant anti-slavery fire
In the work-besoddened toilers. One
of these fine days we will have the
satisfaction of seeing the fruition of
our much-despised but greatly underestimated work, wIk n the workers will
rise In Irresistible power and sweep
capitalism into oblivion, saying, "the
earth and the fulness thereof shall be
ours."   This ls Socialism.
So much for the first question—now
for the second; who is a Socialist?
This for obvious reasons ls much
harder to answer. To the thinking
person It is clear that ln all great human movements comparatively few
really understand these movements
and by reason of their clearer insight
to a great extent "lead" and dominate
them. In fact they practically are the
movement as long as they correctly
Interpret it, because the united force
of tbe whole mass Is placed at their
The Socialist Party—much as we
disclaim "leadership"—for wo know
lt weakens a party to have the bulk
blindly follow a few—ls no exception
to this rule. It must bo apparent to
all our ablest agitators that the average "Socialist" has no clear mental
grasp of the science of Socialism, but
rather a hazy, hopeful. Instinctive
knowledge that It ls "right." And this
numerically large section really are
Socialists,, regardless ot their more or
less lack ot economic knowledge, and
the Inclination of some of our superior
comrades to say that because they
are somewhat short on analysis ther
are not Socialists at all. Depend upon
lt, that those to whom the propaganda
appeals and who persist ln calling
themselves Socialists are the real
thing, regardless ot what high-brows
may think about it or how inconsistent they may seem. The "lower order" of people has an unerring instinct which never falls. No matter
how "low" they may be, the bulk of
them are at the primal, fundamental
job of wresting a sustenance from
mother nature which makes tbelr sense
perceptions true, on the whole, while
Borne who may be more developed Intellectually have begun to live more
or less artificially—have become somewhat parasitic and as a result have
become "logical." Now logic always
goes down in a contest with facts.
Surely if history teaches us anything,
one of its chief lessons is that when
the mud-sills of society get up on
their hind legs and roar, "wise"'men
look foolish.
The French revolution ls a case in
point. The "upper" class looked—
when they deigned to look at all—
upon the slaves as dirt beneath their
feet, when suddenly said dirt arose ln
a whirlwind of wrath and instantly
translated the ruling class to that
"heaven" of extinction, the glories of
which they so persistently held up
before the slaves, but of which they
themselves fought so shy. They did
not follow the slave-dope advice to
the effect that if they would patiently
submit to an earthly hell ln order that
the rulers could have an earthly paradise, they—the slaves—would have a
good time when dead. Not on your
life. They tumbled that in order to
have a good time they had to be
alive and out of slavery and acted accordingly, which was very effective for
the time being.
Which may show that a few of us
who are "directing" the movement,
putting up the "straight" goods, sifting, separating and boiling down for
the satisfaction of the proletarian
stomach, are liable to get a severe
Jolt from his proletarianshlp as regards what constitutes the real article,
while we ln our superior knowledge
are so engrossed deciding with hair-
spitting accuracy Just what ls and
what is not Socialism. We have kept
him back aB long as possible, and if
we have a grain of gumption left we
wlll pull ourselves together, quit theorising, accept the real thing as sensed
by the rank and file, and from whom
we have drifted so far. Well may
George Bernard of the "Grouch" have
Bald, "Don't worry, we'll get Socialism
ln spite of the Socialists."
The great lack of cohesion among
the various factions In Canada calling
themselves Socialists is explained by
the fact that Canada Is a comparatively little developed country with an
immense amount of new settlement
going on where It Is still possible for
a comparatively large number to hold
middle class positions, or even become
members of the capitalist class. If it
were not for Ihe presence here of Socialists from other highly developed
countries, where the capitalist system
gives evidence of having nearly run
Its course, there would be practically
no Socialist sentiment In Canada. It
ls the history of all countries that
where capitalist exploitation ls just
getting well under way, as It now ls
ln Canada, tho only way in which the
Socialist Movement can obtain a foothold Is to be very bold and denunciatory, and as all Socialists are not prepared to take this attitude there Is
friction between the more aggressively destructive ones and the more constructive type.   But as capitalism be-
 (Continued on page four)
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre
, neatr*
____: I
SATURDAY, AUGU8T 10, 1912.
Published every Saturday by (the Socialist Party of Canada at tbe office of
the Western Clarion, Labor T*-mple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver. B. C.
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B. C.
CQ4 —Watch  th*  label  on  your paper.  If
OOI thl*  number  I*  on  It,    your *ub-
earlptlon   expire* 'the  next lisue.
Through the wisdom of Providence
—for we know of nothing else to lay
it to—human society has been supplied
with a generous sprinkling of bipedal
units whose sole mission in life seems
to be to exercise a sort of moral censorship over the balance. Not being
subject themselves to those moral
lapses that are, at least, one of the
chief characteristics of the rest of us,
they have lots of time—and right good
use they make of It—to bawl us
weaker mortals Out whenever we
wander in the slightest from the moral
code established by our "holler than
thou" guardians. It haB been asserted
by certain captious and irreverent
critics that the most conclusive proof
that the Creator is neither all-wise nor
all-powerful, is to be found In the fact
that the nearest approach that he has
bo far been able to make to a moral
human society Ib to throw In a few
perfect specimens to bawl out the
shortcomings of the Imperfect ones.
While we spurn the inference that the
Creator is neither all-wise nor all-powerful, we confess that there are some
results of His handiwork that we do
not understand.
Socialists are supposed to be people
with no reverence for established
property rights, established religions,
or established moral and ethical codes.
At least that is what we are repeatedly
taught through that great "moral engine," the public press. It is also
emphasized by every pulpit-pounder ln
Christendom who is worthy to hold his
Job. But Just as we have this well
fixed ln our mind as an Incontrovertible truth, along comes a veritable
moral cyclone in the Socialist camp
ln the United States that is well calculated to shake our faith In what we
have been taught by capitalist prebs
and pulpit.
An election campaign is on The
Socialist Party has put candidates in
the field for President, Vice-President,
and a multitude of lesser offices. To
carry on an election campaign of such
proportions requires, if it is to attain
any measure of success, the expenditure of a considerable sum of money
and a lot of systematic and thorough
work. To successfully handle a job
of this kind requires sound Judgment,
keen foresight and executive ability of
no mean order. J. Mahlon Barnes was
elected by the National Convention of
the Socialist Party to act as manager
of the campaign. There is probably no
better qualified comrade available for
the job than Barnes. His handling of
the national office while secretary
showed him to be an efficient and able
manager. As soon as he was selected
as campaign manager he set vigorously to work at the task in hand. Then
came the cyclone.
It seems that BarneB once upon n
time—perhaps several times- hugged
a woman that did not belong to him
according to the laws of property duly
established down through the ages. It
is not asserted, so far aB we know,
that this woman belonged to any one
else. It Is not averred that Barnes
looked with compassion upon her
against her will. It Is even asserted
that whatever kindly feeling between
the two was manifested was reciprocal. It Ib not alleged t..at any blows
were struck by either party to the
attachment, or whatever you might
call lt, It seems that "goo goo" eyes
were made, osculations and other soft
endearments indulged in to the mutual
satisfaction of both, as has been done
ln something over a hundred cases
that have come within our notice during the half century or more that we
have graced thla planet with our
corporal presence. But having hugged,
fondled and otherwise caressed the
lone female In question without flrst
having legally acquired her as property—sometimes referred to as marriage—Barnes has brought upon his
head the wrath of the "holler than
thou" element that has found nesting
place and field for Its talents within
the camp of the movement, that, by
common report, ls a refuge only for
moral and ethical perverts.
The way the moral howlers are
bawling for the ousting of Barnes
would lead one to suspicion their
motives. Perhaps it ls, as is often the
case, merely the squawking of hypocrites that are, themselves, as unclean
as those whom they denounce Suppose BarneB did hug a woman that was
not his property. What has that to
do with the able and efficient conjluct
of a political campaign, provided he
did not neglect his work by so doing?
The bawling of these "holler than
thou" folk over the violation of bourgeois conventions ts quite sufficient to
make sensible people sick at the
stomach.   It is time it was cut out.
The pitiful squawk of the "holier
than thou" bunch is being added to
by the anarchistic element that voices
Its bellyache through such channels as
the International Socialist Review.
The motive in that quarter lies in the
constitutional antipathy of the anarchist towards anything making for
order and system ln social progress
and development It will hot be taken
seriously by sober-minded warriors in
the revolutionary movement.
Barnes may be ousted; but, even so,
he may rest assured that so long as
he proves earnest and faithful in the
discharge of such duties as we each
and alt owe to the Socialist movement,
his chance of sitting among the elect
either in heaven or elsewhere will at
least be as good as that of the hypocritical "holier than thou" specimens
that are now denouncing him.
At any rate this petty cyclone Is
affording a rare spectacle to men with
sense in their heads. It is really
"I want to tell the clergymen of this
country that the soldier ls not a hired
assassin. He does not create war.
The men who do are the stock-gamblers, the newspaper men and the
Thus spake the Rev. G. F. Johnston
at. a meeting in Pender Hall, this city,
on Tuesday evening last. The purpose
of the meeting was to afford Canada's
chief butcher, Colonel Sam Hughes,
ordinarily known as the Minister of
Militia, but fulsomely dubbed "War
Lord" by a sycophant press, an opportunity to boost his schemes for the
further building up and perfecting of
that machinery of wholesale murder,
the military establishment of the Do-'
minion and the Empire.
If, as this preacher says, the men
who create war are "the stock-gamblers, the newspaper men and the
speculators," while the soldier Ib the
one who does the killing, ln what
category does the latter belong if not
that of "hired assassin"?
As the Rev. Johnston, as well as
the rest of his fellow-laborers* ln the
"Lord's vineyard," aids and abets the
"War Lords" and boss butchers In
building up the necessary military
establishments to carry on the wars
instigated by "stock-gamblers, newspaper men and speculators," in what
category does the sky-pilot belong?
In asking for this information, we
do not wish to be considered as irreverent, or lacking in respect for either
Colonels or sky-pilots. We most emphatically assert that our respect for
them, severaly and collectively, Is as
great now as lt ever was. But we are
sorely In need of information.
tlon with my fellows I cannot love
them, because the other fellow might
succeed ln selling his and with mine
unsold my baby would starve, I believe the master class would welcome
any one as a benefactor who could
lead the workers ln the present crisis
into the channels of brotherly love, for
then their luxuries would thereby still
be assured,
What we as workers need is to read
(also distribute) Socialist printed matter, bo that we will be able to show
the way (when, the time arrives) to a,
brighter and better day. Then we will
not be deceived by a flag of truce as
the communards were, but > with the
cry on our lips "no compromise," we
will drive capitalism out of existence
forever. Are you, comrade, spreading The
scientific literature, or are you scattering stuff which is full of brotherly
love dope?
Machinery Is pushing economic development so furiously that there will
not be time to educate everyone, so
for the sake of your class don't waste
time making Utopian Socialists.
Just a few words to the average
farmer in Alberta. The function of
the Socialist Party is to educate thc
workers in political economy. Just as
soon as that ls accomplished it has
fulfilled Its mission and will go out
of existence, so don't prolong its life
any longer than necessary, but study
the platform and see If anything you
own is mentioned in it. Just asic yourselves, "Do I own any capitalist property." The conclusion you will come
to Is that you do not. That is if you
study scientific literature, for, as Organizer O'Brien puts in, "Capitalist
property is owned by those who do not
work for it, and worked by those who
do not own it,"
In these days when economic evolution is calling on the workers to take
over the ownership of the machinery
of production and the day arrives
when private or class ownership is no
longer possible, which according to the
signs of the times Is not very far distant, it Is very essential for aa many
Socialists as possible to be scientific.
No one can foretell exactly how this
system is gojng to give birth to the
new. We are certainly in the death
throes of the present system, and it
Is up to us who profess to be Socialists
to be thoroughly acquainted with
working class economics, so that when
wo start to tell anyone what Socialism
is, we will tell them the real truth
The1 characteristic of every organism
in nature is to reproduce itself In a
higher form, and economic evolution
will do the same for our Industrial
system, for we gannot sidetrack It
with a lot of twaddle such as some
papers send out and label Socialism.
As a member of the working class, I
have come to the conclusion that we
must not follow the lines of non-re
slstance, but fight for the ownership
of the means of life, which I am convinced the present owners will not
give up without a mjghty struggle
Some people are preaching brotherly
love and saying If we would only' love
one another everything would be
0. K„ but I say it Is impossible for
the working class to love the master
class, or even themselves under present conditions, for just so long as I
am selling my labor power in compett-
"   OWN"      lrt-Att^" 0R
rvuni-      ■•cyni"''"      ,
:^ST IH B.C. fIfi^B   J
But for the fact that the Socialist
is a scientist, and ls in possession of
facts concerning the composition of
society as a whole, and at the same
time understands the working of certain natural laws which determine not
only mankind's physical activities, but
also his mental attitude, he might
well feel staggered at the enormity
of the task before the Socialist Party,
that of counteracting the centuries of
hereditary slavishness of mind and
body, of which the ideas and mental
equipment of the average workingman
of today is a reflection.
That the worker is a slave, and
cannot be viewed In any other light,
is so obvious to the student of sociology, armed as he is with the facts of
history, that he requires more than
the average amount of human toleration when he tries to drive home this
one fundamental fact, and finds himself combatting prejudice colossal and
Ignorance profound.
To the comrades older In the fight,
this experience only serves as incentive to further and more determined
The necessity of those who are already in the fortunate position of having had their mental sight cleared,
doing their utmost to put their fellows
in the same desirable state, becomes
more and more apparent to him, and
instead pf feeling despondent at his
seeming lack of success, he emerges
from each tussle with Increased
strength, Inches added to his stature,
glorying In the fight.
Our newer comrades, however, are
apt to feel something like the soldier
under fire for the first time, who only
stayed because it was more dangerous to run away. In the first flush of
his newly acquired knowledge, he is
apt to view the class war in too rosy
a light and jump into the fight with
more enthusiasm than discretion, and
the setbacks incidental to the class
struggle tend to act as a damper on
his spirit,
At this time he is ln langer of dropping back into that "don't give a
damn" attitude expressive of extreme
pessimism, and if not taken in hand
now, the possibilities are that he will
develop into one of that hybrid class
of Socialists we all know so well, who
tell you that "they know how to vote,"
thereby implying that this is all that
is necessary. This would seem to
prove the truth of the old saying that
"a little knowledge (or Is lt learning)
is a dangerous thing," and our newly
awakened comrade would do well to
become a member of a Local of the
Socialist Party of Canada, where he
will be ln touch with comrades whose
riper experience will be of considerable
benefit to him at this stage.
In the course of time he will realize
that armed with the truths of Socialism he is more than a match for the
bigoted and Ignorant wage slaves he
may come ln contact with, and will
develop Into a power for the spread
of Socialism greater than he could
ever hope to be.
The consolation begotten of his understanding of the laws of evolution
will come as a sweet solace to his
weary mind in times of trial, and he
wlll go forward on his progressive
way rejoicing in the certain knowl-
elge of a glorious revolution.
Calgary, July 22, 1912.
The word black Is defined in the
dictionary thus: Destitute of light, of
the color of night, dark, gloomy, overclouded, sullen, atrocious. Blackness
ls defined thus; Enormity in wickedness. Death ls defined thusly: Murder, state of being under the power of
«ln, damnation.
Black symbolizes death. If any
doubt this statement just keep your
eyes open and look around you. a bit.
The clergy wear black clothes of the
most ancient design, and the bible is
ln a black cover. It ls held up to
the worthy lambs as the book of life,
and is in reality the book of death,
history of Christianity is a
trail of human gore; right from
the start nothing but death, and
it ls still at the game ln a more
cunningly devised and covert manner..
Religion supports and expounds the
ethics of Capitalism which spells slavery and death to the toiling masses
of humanity, the workers. Why, the
workers' very existence Is at the
pleasure of the Capitalist Class. The
monstrosity of it is past comprehension. The oily mouthed sycophants
of sophistry stuff the woolly lambs'
heads with something like this: "Be
ye contented with your lot; It always
w:<s /and ever will be, Capitalism,
world without end." The utter cant
and hypocracy of such babbling becomes more apparent to the workers
every day. In fact, theology is a
dead issue.
We are told there is a hell In the
hereafter for all those that won"t be
good (bend to the Capitalist yoke),
"out what about the hell of the here
present, especially when It ls sixty
below with nothing in the pocket and
no job in sight? Now, Just as you
are trying to figure it out a plute
whizzes past in his stink wagon,
tucked up in warm furs, and the
thought is conjured up in your mind,
how is it that he is so well fixed?
Well, I will tell you. The plutes, or,
in other words, the Capitalist Class,
own that which you must have access to in order to live. Therefore,
they own you. The workers can only
have access to the machinery of production at the pleasure of the own-
era. Therefore, the present owners
of the machinery of production stand
between the workerB and that machinery, and by virtue of their ownership they, own us, the workers. We
are their slaves. If the Capitalist
Class does not live on those who produce, we ask, then who does it live
on? It ls a cinch that the capitalists
do not live on manna dropped from
the sky. Then the only ones they
can live on are the workers.
The surplus i product which labor produces goes to the owners, and
therefore labor is not paid for a portion of what It produces. Now, Mr,
Worker, do you not think you would
be much better fixed if you got the
full social value of your toll? Well,
I guess so.
Now, if you are a Unipn man I will
give you my candid opinion about
craft unionism. You unionists fight
your masters on the Industrial field.
Do you not realize that you are fighting them one-sidedly? What happens
when one of your number, ln a frenzy,
commits a crime against property?
He is either jailed, clubbed, bayon-
etted or shot. Such incidents are
occurring every week In different
parts of the world and ln some parts
not very far from Alberta. Do you
not think lt would be much better
policy to capture the organized powers
of the state, which are used against
us every time? Why, of course it
would. Well, the Socialist Party of
Canada is organized for that purpose,
and it ls moreover an organization of
working men whose interests are with
the workers. So get wise to the game
and come Into the Party and when
we get enough we will be able to capture the government and there will
be no more clubs for the workers'
Edmonton, Alta.
Socialist   Party  Directory      _|[
'-..*»  Jll.' UL .11.1—   J,IHl-»»J~ll J .1    Wll*. . -Ul IH..LII.. .   ..  .1.1.1. . II       II.      ..        *l
nosttwtom mxnovtt.* cO-obr-re. tA*.co0v» Lr-m*** lo«l ... e_
.........  .-._..._   ... .-       . . . g^  p^  Qj c.T-Buslness  meeting every-
first Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Room open to everybody* at 512 Cor<-
dova Street East, 2 p. m, Secretary,
Ad  Kreekis. ■
Socialist Party of Canada, meets sec
ond   and   fourth- Monday.     Secretary,
Wm   Watts, J.abor Temple, Dunsmuir
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm. Watts, Secretary.
alberta fro-uncial BXBCu-n*rB
Sociallat Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. Eailt. Burt E. Anderaon, Secre-
tary. Box 647. Calgary.	
SASKATCHEWAN *PBOVIBOIAL EXECUTIVE, B. T. ot C, Invites all comrades residing In Saskatchewan to
communicate with, them on organisation matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
MA.wno,*.* *mo*tttotAL BxnavTxrm
Committee:    Notice—This card la in-
?.SrA'?d„ f?r. th<L POW""* ot gettlng
.."YOV" intereatetf In the Socialist
movement SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get al-y Information, write the
Secretary, J/D. Houston, 493 Furby
St., Winnipeg-.
Committee. Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Bay,
"„•. si. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, «ox
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
-LOCAX, VANCOUVEB, BO. 89, 8. P. ot O.
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every Friday in the month at 8 pm
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.    Secretary. S. Lefeaux.
-locai, aaiuwooD, b. a,  wo.   t,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
"LOCAI,    FERNIE,   8.   P.   ot   0.,    HOLS
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting first Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 125.
Finnish branch   meets In   Flnlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 54, Rossland, B.C.
-LOCAX,  MIC—CL,  B.  O.,  BO.   16,  8.   P.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:S0 p.m. In
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation Is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs''
and third Sundays of each month at
10:38 am. in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice: A. S. Julian,
I.OCAI.  NELSON,   S.   P.  of  C, MIITI
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary
LOCAX, VERNON, HO. 38, 8. P. OF C—
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m„ in
L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St. W. H. Gil-
mour, Secretary
LOCAL   BEVBLSTOKB,   B.   C,    BO.    7,
S. P. of C.    Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
.  of each month.    B. F. Gayman, Secretary^	
LOCAL BABBOB, B. ©., BO. 36, 8. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
ln the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to b* addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
Headquarters and rending room 575
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m., corner of
Yates  and   Langley.
No. 61. meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. In Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice eacli
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
LOOAL  VANCOUVER,   B.    C.,    BO.    **.
Finnish. Meets every second ana
Fourth Thursdays In the month at 213.
Hastings St, East. Ovia, Llnd, Secretary.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St
East, H. Rahlm, Secretary.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA,     BO.     t.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on th* first
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evaalng*
following, propaganda meetings at 6,
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendenning, Box 61,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm, Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St
Business and propaganda meeting*
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room ls opon te the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;.
Organizer, W. Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.  429 Eighth   Ave.   East,  between  Third and  Fourth streets,-
S.  K.  Read, Secretary.
every Sunday, . Trades Hali, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday. 6
p.m. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, Gen.
Del., Secretary. 	
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays: at I
p.m.; economic class, Friday at I p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalieu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third 8ua-
days in the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1983.
OP C—Propaganda meeting* ever*
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., ln the Trades HalL
Economic Class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Trees., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organlaer,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slavea welcome.
B. P. OP O.—Headquarters 828tt Mala
Street, Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic claae
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary'*
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evenlaf
in Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, al
8 o'clock.    Discussion Invited.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  BO   8,  B.  P.  OP   a
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue ana
Rideau Street. Business meetings,
flrst Sunday in month in the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sam SUirgese Horwith, 16
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
TIMB—Headquarters In Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting, at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box :158; Harold G. Ross, organizer,
Box 505.
LOCAL    SIDNEY ' MINES    BO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 In the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'iam Allen, Secretary, Box 344. 	
• 7 ,
The flrst aim of the S. P. of C. is to
i educate their fellow workers.
What will the harvest be for the harvest hands and the farmers? Ask the
capitalists; they'll have It all.
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
In all Countries. Ask for our Inventor's Adviser. Marion ft Marion,
364 University Street, corner St. Catherine Street, Montreal, and Washington, D. C, U. 8. A.
A Good Place to Eat at
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, is organized1
for the purpose of educating the
Ukralnean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstlno Ave., Edmonton, Alto. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write to .). Senuk, Firi"*Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Tabor produces all wealth, and to tbe producers lt should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
' to the capitalist class.   The capitalist is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies In the direction of Betting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system,' under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it
by political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into th,e collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system Ib abolished, make the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
interests of the working class and aid the workers ln their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will, the Socialist Party ls for lt; if lt
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed ln its hands ln such a manner
as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00
* ' •'".' ';' I""' '' —■'.*• u„ ii iirau"! »■'" ,<\< ./., ,.i ., *-***-- '■ —■ •—
in the arts, of peace. Their .form of
society I may—somewhat awkwardly,
perhaps—describe as a cross between
feudalism and communism. Gaul was
of course, socially and politically
speaking, a much larger country then
than now, and the social organism varied greatly in the various quarters of
All Gaul, however, was united in its
desire to be free from Roman rule, and
after being first conquered was continually rising in. revolt. Once more
Caesar went forth, and after hard
fighting defeated the Gauls with great
Everywhere he went he conquered;
he invaded Great Britain again, and at
last returned to Rome again in triumph, only to be murdered ln the end
by the jealous aristocrats.
I have not time to deal with all the
countries that Caesar invaded and conquered, including Egypt, nor with the
deeds of his nephew Augustus.
If interested, I must ask you to read
this up for yourselves.
I will just point this out to you now,
that everywhere the Romans went
they introduced their science, their
arts, their craftsmanship and the
marks of them are plainly to be seen
today. Even the outlines of their ordinary entrenched camps can be
clearly seen today.
I remember myself, as a boy, playing on the slopes and in the ditches
of Roman earthworks, which had been
thrown up well on to two thousand
years ago in the west of England.
Time passed on, and at last, through
vice, excessive luxury and idleness of
its once vigorous ruling class, Rome
became a ready prey for ruder but
more virtuous and virile races. It fell
to the onslaught of the Germans and
other European peoples, as well as to
the wave upon wave of various Asiatic
races driven west by material conditions, chief of which was the drying
up of the uplands of Asia.
stock a quantity of 5c and 10c
pamphlets of our
own publication.
They should be put
in circulation, as
they contain matter
of value to the student of economic
conditions. They are
especially N valuable
to put in the hands
of those not yet
familiar with the Socialist position and
argument. In order
to get them into the
hands of readers and
and at the same time
push the circulation
of the Western Clarion, we make the
following offer:
For each subscription
to the Western Clarion
for one year received
on or after August 15,
1912, and until further
notice, we will forward
—i » 7	
to the subscriber the
following list of booklets  postpaid.
Manifesto of S. P. of C  10c
What Is Socialism?  10c
Socialism and Unionism  5c
Slave of the Farm  5c
The State and Government.. So
Value, Price and Profit  5c
Struggle for Existence..  5c
Summary of .Marx' "Capital" 5c
<J This applies to all, whether
new subs or renewals.
•Q If you are not already  on
our list take advantage of this
offer by getting on.
ij   If  already   a  subscriber,
take advantage of this by renewing your sub.
ij Get your neighbor to subscribe,     and    thus    become
acquainted with the literature
of the movement.
"5 In all cases read these little
booklets   carefully   and then
pass them along for the good
they may do.
Vancouver,. S-.C
Speakipg Tuesday night in Pender
Hall. Vancouver, on the subject of
military defense, in company with Col.
Sam Hughes and H. H. Stevens, M.P.
P.. the Rev. G. F. Johnson said in
part: "I want to tell the clergymen
of this country that the soldier is not
an hired assassin He does not create
war. The men who do are the stock
gamblers, the newspaper men and the
speculators." In the first place, if the
soldier does not create war, he MUST
be an hired assassin if he goes out and
kills those whom he has no quarrel
■with. In the second place, the gentlemen mentioned above are conspirators to the would-be murdering of
thousands of human beinah and are
more contemptible than the hired
assassin who ln many instances is
forced to murder in order to fill his
Two weeks ago we went over the
6,000 mark and we are well on towards
the 7,000 now. But knowing that quite
a bunch of those ten-centers will be
expiring soon, we are making an offer
of fifty cents worth of literature free
to everybody who subscribes to' tbe
Western Clarion for one year.
Every sub hustler wants to get busy
now and tell the other fellow what we
wll) give with every dollar sub,
This offer Is only for a short time,
so you had better take a look at the
number on the address label and thereby find out when your sub expires. If
the number Ib under 700 you had better renew at once and get fifty cents
worth of literature free.
The ten cent offer    is Btlll    good.
Send in your subs.   We can handle all
you care to send In.   Below is a list
of sub hustlers for the week.
A.'H. Grewar, St. Catherirfes, Ont.. 16
W. Y. Clark, Nakusp, B.C  15
M. J. Andruss, Big Valley, Alta  12
Sam Lawson, Lethbridge, Alta  10
R. C. McCutcheon, Winnipeg, Man. 10
A. E. Kay, Montreal, Que  10
Local Toronto, Ont    8
Geo. D. Buchanan, Erskine, Alta    8
A. Shilland, Sandon, B.C    8
M. LightBtone, Montreal, Que    6
P. Riley, Lea Pork, Alta    5
H. Howarth, Edmonton, Alta.    5
A. P. Heyer, Bellflelds, Alta    b
Walter Suley, Moose Jaw, Sask    5
A Wage Slave, Winnipeg, Man    5
Chas. MacDonald, Steam Mills, N.S.   4
D. Alexander, Brantford, Ont    3
W. Poole, Guelph, Ont    3
A Pernie Comrade    3
C. M. O'Brien, organizing Alberta..   3
P. S. Faulkner, Seattle, Wash    3
Dan MacDonald, Hazelton, B.C    f
Sam Gibson, Grassy Lake, Alta    2
C. Pederson, Hazel Bluff, Alta    2
W. McQuoid, Edmonton, Alta    2
W, Loucks, Ottawa, Ont    2
J. Hartley, Fort William, Ont    2
J. C. Turner, Victoria, B.C    2
W. H. Tucker, Vernon; p. Campbell,
Courtenay;  W. P. Black, Cedar Cot-
We are justly proud of our M. P. P.
and trust that he may be. long spared
to fight the good fight in the Interests
of toiling humanity, and to reap the
fruits of his'labor by. the consummation of the great co-operative commonwealth.!'
Propaganda work heretofore among
the farmers has been somewhat of an
uphill job, but. as capitalism develops
and the farmer realizes that he has all
he can dp to make both ends meet,
equipped as he ls with tools, horses
and 160 acres or so of land, of which
he is proud to claim ownership, and
with the labor of his wife and family
thrown ln, his position. is worse in
some respects than the man working
for day's wages,
Have just read the Alberta edition
of the Clarion and I am pleased to
note the progress made In organization
work in the last few months. Keep up
the good work, Comrades. We in this
neck of the woods will try and do our
share. We want to try and send another man or two to Edmonton next
election to keep O'Brien company and
make it uncomfortable as well as unhealthy for the puppets of the master
class. Power the world over commands respect, and with a few good
revolutionary representatives in parliament you mossbacks who delight in
Bending delegations a to Ottawa and
petitions to Edmonton would see that
there was a more effective method of
getting these things called reforms
than begging them.
I might mention here that our picnic was a success in a financial way,
as weil as being a good propaganda
stunt. Thanks to the efforts of the
comrades who worked like Trojans to
make lt so.
This surplus value (for it is unpaid
labor) goes Into the organizing fund.
Your comrade in revolt,
REMINISCENQE8.   J***| jq-.j 3-3A«
Sixth installment.
And now to deal briefly with the immediate  reasons for the collapse  of
the Roman Empire.   Remember, it is
tage; L. Lellman, Enderby; Thos. C,
Makepeace. Lacombe;    R. Kingsbury,! Imp088lbIe now'to'deal'fiuy "with the
Kingman; D. Thomas, St. Catherines;, matter    T can but gIve you a „ne on
F. E. Creer, Calgary; F. Danby, Calgary; W. Mackay, Onaway; J. Crow,
Forest Hall; W. K. Bryce, Demalne;
Carl Hussey, Stewart Valley; A. F.
Higgins, Brandon; G. M., Brandon; H.
Fulcher, Brandon; W. Green, Toronto;
W.' A. Squires, City; C. McM. Smltn,
Brooklyn, N.Y.; J. Woodriff, G. Rob-
son J. Campbell, J. Cooper, City.
Local Sandon, B.C., for one year.
Big Valley, Alta., is the only one to
make a move this week. Now, boys,
there are seven million of a population in Canada and at least one million
of them should be given the chance to
read the Western Clarion. It's up to
you.   Ten cents a throw.
Winnipeg, Man     1
Vancouver, B. C     2
Toronto, Ontario   3
Calgary, Alberta  4
Victoria,  B.  C      5
Edmonton, Alta      6
Cumberland, B. C    7
Moose Jaw, Sask    8
Regina, Sask    9
Fernie, B. C  10
New Westminster, B. C 11
St. Catherines, Ont  12
Montreal,  Que 13
Glace Bay, N. S 14
Amhurst, N. S ,.  15
Enderby, B. C.  16
Brandon, Man  17
HiB Valley, Alta	
Kentvllle, N. 9 :    d
Nelson,  B.  C  20
The picnic and dance held by the
Comrades of Local Erskine on July
26, of which mention was made ln
these columns, was successfully pulled
off according to schedule, notwithstanding the miserable weather and
Impassable state of the roads, which
undoubtedly prevented many people
living at a distance from attending
this the first demonstration of the revolutionary farm slaves of this Local.
The program of sports in the afternoon was somewhat hampered by a
very heavy shower of rain, which
lasted for an hour or so and caused
the crowd to seek refuge Inside. ' The
baseball game was about half over at
this point, and of course could not be
resumed on account of the grass being
wet and slippery.
Later on, as the sun shone, the balance of the sports were carried out,
including foot racing, tug of war, etc.
As night approached dancing started
ln and contiuned until daybreak the
next morning.
But the chief event of the day was
the speech of our Comrade, C. M.
O'Brien, whom we were more than delighted to have with us on this occasion. The genial Charles mounted the
box after lunch and beneath the waving folds of the red flag expounded the
true revolutionary gospel ln a manner
that brought joy to the hearts of the
class conscious slaves and tokens of
assent from others who are not yet
alive to their own Interests.
how to study the matter   for   yourselves.
Let ub go back to the time of Julius
Caesar. Though more talked about
than any other period of Roman history, this period is probably less understood than any other. Julius ls
usually represented as a champion of
the aristocrats, the patricians, from
the first. He was no such thing. He
was a champion of the middle class,
the plebeian, and cordially hated by
the aristocrats.
Though now known as a soldier
chiefly, he had not seen much war
service up to the age of forty-three,
and that only in a subordinate capacity; but he had proved himself one
of the ablest men of his time ln civil
life. At the age of forty-three Caesar
was given command of the army in
Gaul, and though, like Cromwell, becoming prominent in military affairs
late In life, be proved himself, like
Cromwell, the ablest soldier of his
time. Not only this, but Caesar was
also an able administrator of affairs in
the countries he subdued. His soldiers were not only soldiers, but to a
man workers, who have left marks of
their workmanship over almost the
whole of Europe. We must, to be historically just, give Caesar his due as
a worker also, as he. undoubtedly was,
in a directive capacity. To be historically just, too, we must also admit
that, though the armies of Rome overran other countries, those same countries had overran, or were preparing
to overrun, the territory of Rome
Well, after hard and lengthy fighting
Gaul was conquered, Belgium was subdued, Germany was invaded and the
inhabitants awed into subjection for
a time.
A large army of Swiss, who were
then known as the Helvetil, were almost annihilated and survivors sent
back to their mountains. Britain, that
hitherto almost unknown land, was invaded and partly subdued, and eventually Caesar returned to Rome in triumph, more the idol of the citizens
than ever and more hated and feared
by the aristocrats.
What has this to do with the workers? This: That if Rome had not
had the most skilled and competent
workers of the time, able to forge the
best arms, make the best tools, provide the best means of transportation, it would - have been impossible
for Caesar to make the headway he
did against the immensely larger armies against which he fought.
Let ua take Gaul, now France, for Instance. It ls ln the study of Gaul and
its struggles with the Romans and
other peoples that we can get the beet
grasp of the transltlonary period of
Europe from Roman domination to
At the time of Julius Caesar, the
Gauls, who at the time of their first
coming in conflict with the Romans
many years before, had been rude barbarians, had become civilized to a considerable extent. They had a number
of large cities and were well advanced
(To Be Continued)
Editorial reference to "direct action" in No. 675 of the Western Clarion is somewhat timely. In England
and the rest of Europe the microbe
has afflicted us badly. It ls perhaps
best that it has appeared in its present state, for every endeavor to assert
itself has been productive of greater
defeat. An illustration here is in
order. Tom Mann came to England
mouthing "Industrial Unionism." He
threw politics overboard, and after
the defeat of the railway strikers last
year the same turned turned to politics again. It happened that the Liverpool Corporation Tramways Committee fired certain men. A strike
of the remainder was threatened. Immediately after this Tom Mann said
it was necessary to get on to the City
Council—in other words, to take part
in the political game. So he did. Last
November a number of labor candidates and tricksters were put up and
Mann supported them. One of them
got in—James Sexton, the notorious
faker—owing to his being a Catholic
and Irish Home Ruler, etc.
Following that Tom Mann turns another somersault and proclaims himself anti-political once more. He gets
arrested for saying things he didn't
believe in. When his trial came off
at the Manchester Assizes he did not
Justify his "don't shoot" propositions,
but endeavored to get out of it by
resorting to legal quibbling with the
Judge who sentenced him. But that
apart The desire of the writer is to
point out what the "Direct Actlonist"
does. Did he attack the prison, as
Victor Grayson advised? No! He
organized an appeal to Parliament,
thereby recognizing the supreme authority in the land. "Politics are no
use," say the Anarchists, but they are
still appealing to the political powres
which they detest to release some of
their brethren. But when all is considered they are necessarily reactionary, possessing and harboring a perversion of the truth.
No lasting material advantages can
be gained under capitalism on the Industrial field, the wagging of tongues
to the contrary notwithstanding. The
purpose of the working class movement must be to attack and conquer
the political machinery. The whole
history of Direct Action, Industrialism
apd Anarchism—all of which are the
same—has been one series of economic apd political contradictions.
Since the first Chicago convention
In 1906 the I. W. W. and Its illegitimate offspring have boxed the compass in every sense. They have endeavored to make "Revolutionists" by
advocating an eight-hour day or Increases ln wages. It ls so much bunkum. What is wanted is to proclaim the fact that the political con.
trol can determine the "rights and
wrongs" of the system. Make yourselves masters of the "State" and the
power to .oppress you by authority
will disappear. The class struggle is
a political struggle. The class struggle can only end by the working
class becoming politically -supreme.
It is not the business of any advocate
of Socialism to mortgage the action
of the workers after that. Get yourselves installed as the State, (hen all
that follows will be beniflclal to mnn-
If you try direct action the result
will be broken heads and bullets for
the working class. -It ls far better to
In their struggle to maintain supremacy and their hold on the Blaves
lt Is very Important for the class that
Is at the top, and all others that are
benefited by the system In vogue, to
foster only such Ideas as will encourage proper behavior among the slaves
and to impart the sort of instruction
that will tend to divert the attention
of the wealth-producers from the revolutionary spirit that is taking hold
on some of them.
They must do this in order that they
may for a while longer rest secure
in their privileges and enjoy the
spoils of robbery In peace.
You can think, If you will, but you
must not think out loud, because If
you do you may Inject dangerous ideas
Into the heads of others. That is
dangerous for the owner of the job.
Talking with a barber Comrade a
short time ago, we were discussing
the case of a Comrade who had found
himself in difficulty about his job because he had taken an active part ln
propaganda work. Our barber friend
Bays: "Why, Jim should know better.
It serves him right if he did get fired.
It doesn't matter who ls around when
he ls shooting off his mouth he will
persist in talking Socialism anyway.
You may think a lot, but you must be
careful who is around when you talk.
Why, Socialism will come anyway,
whether you talk about it or not You
couldn't stop it if you wanted to."
There you are, boys. The way to,
avoid trouble with the boss ls to jn.'strom, Passburg;
dulge only In whispering propaganda.
The deaf and dumb language might
be better still.
The Doxology must have been
widely read around here, the way
things are and always have been.
But Mr. Optimist ls not dead yet. Walt
till after the special Alberta edition
is pulled off. By the way, would it
not be well to hold lt over till the
Clarion gets twenty-five thousand
in Alberta.
Has anybody heard anything from
Cowansville lately? I haven't had a
letter from there since last fall, when
the grain blockade in Alberta stopped
all news from coming through from
the East. Perhaps that's the reason
the movement down this way is moving a la crab. But we are not discouraged, because we live on hopes. By
the way, Mr. Editor, are there any statistics showing how long a man can
live on hopes?
This city ls noted for its several
progressive working class movements. We have a Y. M. C. A., a
corps of Boy Scouts, a regiment of
Rangers and a Socialist Local without a quorum. ,,
The Alberta Federation of Labor
has organized at last with the Union
of tlie United Farmers and all the industrial organizations in one solid
phalanx. Isn't the farmer an employer of labor? I suppose the first
thing they will do will be to organize
their hired hands and come out in
sympathy with them for higher wages.
Wouldn't it be a joke if the hired
man was a Socialist and wanted the
full product of his toil?
I hear old man Booth, of Army
fame,, is losing his eyesight. I am
afraid the old man won't be able to
finish his job ot reclaiming the human race In the old country and shipping them to heaven via the Canadian
labor market.
Our sky pilot friends, in their zealous attempt to guide us to heaven, are
really amusing at times. One of this
variety, on his way to a chop suey
dive, encountered some small boys ln
the act of Imitating their sires by
wringing the neck of a small chicken.
Our big-hearted friend, with a membership card in the Society for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals,
could not set any fun in it, hence his
heart went out to the little chick in a
long tirade on what would happen to
boys who were cruel to their little
animal friends.
Proceeding on his way to dine, he
sighted roast chicken on the bill of
fare and ordered some for his dinner.
And it wasn't very painful to take,
judging from the manner In which he
flopped his lips over the toothsome
dish. And the sufferings of the little
chick were forgotten under the soothing influence of roast fowl sliding
down hiB gullet. S. LARSON.
Lethbridge, Alta., Aug. 1, 1912.
Comrade H. Strlchorst of Skeena
River, B. C, sends in one dollar to the
Clarion Maintenance Fnud.
Three-month subs in lots of not less
than five at ten cents each. Have you
taken advantage of our offer yet?
On my return to British
from a visit with my folks in Ontario
the summer of 1907 I was hustling
subscriptions for the Western Clarion.
Jack Harrison, George Howell and a
few Old Country I. L. P. sympathizers
arranged a small meeting for me In
Calgary, very discouraging at the
time, but now I know lt was as large
as could be expected and certainly
large enough for the kind of a speech.
I could make at that stage of my
peripatetic career.
At Claresholm, Charles Lowrle, Tom
Wooster and a few others of the "Appeal to Reason" kind also arranged a.
meeting for me.   I rustled the mining
camps for Clarion subs, and may nave *
had one small meeting.   So far as I
know  these  were the  first  Socialist:
meetings held in Alberta.    Two comrades and chums of mine from British
Columbia were then doing individual
propaganda; namely, J. E. Rogers at.
Macleod, and Sam   Larson, then at.
Coleman, now at Lethbridge.   I have-
since becoem acquainted with a number of comrades who were then doing   individual   propaganda,   such  as
Lee Wilson at a place now    called
Barons, Sandy Frazer, at a place now.
called  Carmangay;   J.    W.    Milfred,
Stavely;   H.  Kay,  Maycroft;    L.    E.
Drake, now in Passburg; Alex. Both-
wick, Lundbreck;  John A. Beckman,
Meeting Creek; William Montgomery
and E. Scharff of Mlllett; Alex. Wick-
Clem   Stubbs and
Mrs. Alice Cawthorn of Bellevue; E. E_
McBee, near Hlghrlver; S. W. Welch,
Hardscrable Ranch, Red Lodge; Comrade Lee, Red  Raven;   Peter  Olsen^
then at Red Deer, now at Copeville; A.
H. Pease, Lougheed; McDonald, Metas-
kimin; G. A. Falkner, now at Blonden-
hlme; Tom Tomashavsky, now editor
Ukranlan, Socialist paper, Edmonton;
A. A. McNeil, Erskine; Wm. Hughes,
and J. S. Odegard, of Edmonton; Wm.
Anderson,  Dewberry, and  perhaps  a
few others whose names    I    cannot
think of just now.   Only in a very few
cases did any one of these know any
of the others, or even know    about
them.    They were then aB they are
yet, scattered over this Immense territory.
During the winter of 1908 all the Alberta Unions, including Farmers, held!
a convention    in Calgary.     Comrade
R. P. Pettipiece was the A. F. ot L..
fraternal delegate.   He, with others*, so.
maneuvered that they got a majority
of the delegates to endorse the platform of the Socialist Party of Canada.
Comrade Leheney was appointed organizer  for these Unions and  for a
short time he very effectually spread
Socialist propaganda. About this time ■■
the Edmonton,  Calgary and Innisfail."
Locals of the S. P. of C. were organized.   In March, 1908, the Party sent
me Into Alberta to do propaganda.  In
May I went back to British Columbia,
returning to Alberta    the    following
September.    A number of British Co- -t;
lumbia miners were* then working in
the new coal mines of Alberta.
For the Dominion elections In 1908
the S. P. of C. Locals in Alberta
nominated Comrades John Harrington,
Frank Sherman and Peter Olsen. Owing to a technical misunderstanding
the latter did not get on the official
ballot. The other two polled about
1300 votes.
For the Provincial election of March,
1909, the S. P. of C. Locals in Alberta
nominated Comrades McClure, George
Howell ami myself. We polled about
1400 votes and 1 was elected. In a.
bye election against the Minister of
Agriculture in Alberta the S. P. of C.
Locals nominated Comrade S. W.
Welch. He polled about 118 votes.
Por the Dominion elections of 1911 the
S.P. of C, Locals of Alberta nominated
Comrade A. Parrnilo, A. Masters and
Ed Fulcher. They polled about 2300
votes. In a bye election against the
Attorney-General of Alberta, May 1912,.
the S. P. of C. LocalB nominated Comrade Joe Knight, lie polled 413 votes.
Alberta has a better organized and
more active propaganda ihan any other
Province In the Dominion. Most of
our Locals are among farmers.
In udditon to those already named,.
Comrades Gribble, Desmond, Budden,
Houston and Mushkat are also guilty
of doing effective work as propagandists and organizers.
0  K0ITA331
Comrade W. Y. Clark of Nakusp,
B. C. sends in ten six-month subs, and
five yearlles. That's how we like to
see them come In,
Hardly a strike takes place these
days, but what we hear that the
powers of the State, soldiers, police,
or the judiciary, are used to drive the
strikers back to their task of grinding
out profits for a useless capitalist
be behind the gun and fire its contents than to be in front and get it
yourselves. Tho "gun" is the political machinery. Get behind it and
use It. You will get better results.
Canada will have the biggest crop
this year that was ever taken off Canadian soil. The funny thing about it is
that It will be taken off by the working class ami given to the capitalist
We Socialists want to change the
present system by a peaceful method,
that is by the ballot, but as long as the
working class persist ln voting the old
party tickets, so long will riot and
bloodshed occur during strikes and
They tell un that the minister** of
the gospel are pouring into the ranks
of the Socialist party. Well, they have
got to forget a whole lot before they
can get Into the S. P. of C. We don't
want any half-baked Socialists. It Is
hard enough getting thc outsiders wlso
without having to dispel the goody-
goody ideas preached by Sociallsl ministers. -
8ATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1912.
An eminent Scotchman recently,:
when delivering an address, characterized Socialism as "the negation of i
Faith, Family and Empire, the end of
all things." I think that we may
aafely assume this parasite knew what
lhe was talking about, and also knew
tthe statement to be perfectly correct,
•but he also knew the ignorance of the
<class he was talking to and knew the
way they would understand it.
They tell us that faith, or religion,
■iias that restraining influence which
*eeps the people in the path of righteousness. They would make us be-
aieve that, by taking away that faith,
*he working class would run amok,
and turn cannibals, or that the brute
mature (which they admit ls In us)
*would get out of control.
But: The working class of today Is
ssteadily throwing off that restraining
influence. The workers are beginning
to understand that religion now is
^only a weapon of the capitalist class
to keep the worker submissive. They
see that the ethics of the Bible teach
•them to be humble and obey their
masters. They recognize the flaw ln
It The religion of any society is
just a reflection of the dominant material Interests at that period. There
3s nothing spiritual or supernatural
about lt.
In Egypt they used to make sacred
a bird called the Ibis. This bird used
■to be a forerunner of the overflow of
'*he Nile, and without this overflow
Egypt could have no crops. The Egyptians believed that the bird was the
**ause and the overflow the effect. Was
this independent of a material basis?
The Jews have a religious law commanding abstention from pork. Is this
independent of the material fact?
Dietzgen says that "in Syria pork was
supposed to carry the germs of leprosy." Surely, according to their ma-
■erial interests.
Take for instance the Christian religion a century ago. Superstition at
(tbat period was far greater than it is
(today. Sunday was purely a day of
praise and prayer. All business was
■- suspended. We still have remnants
vf this left in country places of older
countries, where a harvest thanksgiving service ls given when the crop has
been gathered In. The material surroundings at that period determined
Today It is vastly different. With
' -the evolution of machinery and the
_gher intelligence of the masses, the
superstition is growing smaller and
smaller. On Sunday we see machinery
. in motion, business In full swing, music in the parks. Such a thing a century ago would have been the "negation of faith" in every sense of the
■word. When this present society has
fallen or been overthrown and the co-
• operative commonwealth is established, then religion will have to fall
..also, because its function will have
*een   destroyed.    The   material   Bur-
-roundlngs determine this.
No doubt when the members of the
-audience heard the statement regarding family, they conjured up in their
minds that under Socialism the home
would be broken up and the family
privileges regulated by state administration. Is not this system of capitalism the greatest home wrecker that
. has ever existed? Every year we see
thousands ot homes broken up, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives,
i scattered to all corners of the globe,
separated from each other by thousands of miles, driven from home,
from family ties, by the relentless
hand of capitalism. You all know lt!
Tou all have seen it! Every city and
Industrial center has Its overcrowded
-district.   Those cesspools of vice, filth
- and disease are effects of this brutal
system. Capitalist orators have cause
to be alarmed, when Socialists stand
up and preach the "negation" of such
a "family" life.
They (capitalists) say: "Let us keep
those   overcrowded    districts,    those
• tsess pools of vlc\ filth, and family, for that is how I make my profits;
. and the Ignorant working class goes
■frantic with enthusiasm and valorous-
ly cheers such oratory. Yes, to the
negation of such a family life, we
plead guilty. The workers should edu
'Gate and organize themselves and
abolish it, inaugurating a family that
3s worthy of the name.
Literally speaking, we have no such
tiling aB an empire today. Empires
are territories under the jurisdiction
"Of an Emperor or King. Certainly we
iave Kings and Emperors today, but.
they are only figureheads, whose actions are all controlled by a class
called the ruling, or capitalist class.
Ut is this class that countries are un-
■der the Jurisdiction of today. The
King is only a mascot. This class
«nds that the King ls a handy piece of
furniture to have around ln order to
Seep the fools pregnant with patriotism, love of country, love for the
flag, and similar hypnotizing emotions,
France is a republic, Britain a monarchy.    France  elects   a  President;
-Britain has a King by right of descent.
'Bat where  is  the  difference?  Both
countries  are  controlled  by  govern
ments.   These governments belong to
the capitalist claas.
Let me quote what Gustave Herve
said before the jury of La Seine, in
"Permit me, gentlemen of the jury,
to use a figure, a sort of parable,
which will give you a clearer Idea of
our position. The nations, all nations,
whatever may be the etiquette of their
system of government, are composed
of two sets of men, one far the smaller
in numbers, the other comprising the
vast majority of the population. The
flrst class ls seated around a well set
table where nothing Is wanting; at
the head of the table, ln the place of
honor, are the high financiers. Some
of them are Jews, others are Catholics, some more are Protestants, and
others, free thinkers. They may be in
disagreement with each other over
questions of religion, or philosophy,
or even over rates of Interest, but as
against the great mass of the people
they are banded like thieves at a fair.
"To the right and left of them are
the Ministers of State, the high functionaries of the civil, religious or military administrations, not to omit the
General Treasurers with their 30, 40
and 50 thousand francs salaries per
year; a little further round the full
council of the Order of Lawyers, the
glorious spokesmen of the Universal
Conscience!, next the gentlemen of
court and their precious auxiliaries,
the solicitors, notaries and bailiffs.
"The big stick-holders in mines, factories, railroads and steamship companies, the merchants, the possessors
of castles and large estates, are alt at
this table; all those who own four-
pence are here also, at the foot of the
table; they are the small fry who have
nevertheless, all the prejudices, all
the reactionary instincts of the big
"Far from that table I see a herd
of beasts of burden, condemned to
labor which Is repugnant, unclean,
dangerous, and brutalizing, with net
ther rest or respite; and above all,
without security for the morrow; petty
merchants, tied down to their counters on holidays and Sundays, pressed
more and more to the wall by the combinations of large stores; small employers crushed down by the consolidation of large plants; small landholders, dulled and stupefied by workdays 16 and 18 hours long, whose toil
goes only to enrich the big brokers,
millers, wine commission merchants,
and sugar refiners.
"Farther still from the table around
which the happy ones of the world are
gathered, ls the great mass of the
proletariat, whose sole fortune Is but
their arms, or their brains, working
men and women of the factories, liable to long periods of unemployment,
petty officials and functionaries, forced
to cringe low and conceal their opinions, domestics of both sexes, food for
exploitation, food for cannon, food for
"TheBe are your countries!
"A country of the present time is
nothing but this monstrous social inequality; this monstrous exploitation
of man by man. When the proletarians uncover before the flag as it
passes, that Ib what they uncover to;
they say in effect: 'Oh, how lovely is
our country! How free, how kind and
just' Yes, well may you laugh, Mr.
Advocate General, when you hear
them sing:
"To die for our country,
Of deaths 'tis the best ,
The worthiest of envy."
Yes, we Socialists not only mean the
"Negation of Empire," which la strictly speaking ln the deepest depth of
oblivion at present, but we are also
out for the "negation" of this rotten
profit-making system.
Yes, truly, "the end of things" that
are capitalistic.
Out to establish the Co-operative
Commonwealth, where each man and
woman shall have no thought of tomorrow, no dread of disease except
the pain, no dread of old age, no dread
of hunger; everything assured, every
man a brother, every woman a sister.
That ls what the "Negation of Faith,
Family and Empire" stands for. Is it
not worthy of your-attention? Is lt
not worthy of your help? Is It not
worthy of your co-operation?
It might seem strange that a person
from Alberta should write anything
about Socialism. For this word suggests a society wherein there are two
classes—an owning class and a producing class, the latter ot which feels
the necessity of rebelling against the
privileges of the former. It ls not
thus that we generally have the conditions of Alberta pictured by the capitalist newspaper artists. They are
exceedingly fond of sending advertisements throughout the world picturing In no uncertain shades that this
is a land flowing with milk and honey,
and that mankind can live, prosper
and enjoy ln this sunny land like in
no other ln the world, It ls not to be
denied that this is a land flowing with
milk and honey and that men could
live ln joy and happiness here. But
do they?   That ls the question.
Socialists are not a people remarkable for being easily allured by fair
words and fascinating show. We consider nothing but actual facts and
take them as our only guide in estimating the conditions of a people. In
considering the actual facts of the life
of the people of Alberta as they are
shown day by day we must conclude
that capitalism dominates our industrial life. It has drawn a distinct line
between the capitalist class and the
working class. The milk and honey
of human labor lt causes to go to the
capitalist, while the workman gets the
foam and the scum. It has fastened
Itself upon us so that we can only
work when it commands. Of course
we can yet boast of not having a "submerged tenth" numbered among the
population. The average workman is
not in a state of abject poverty, and
among the better paid there are even
signs of abundance and plenty. However, the point to note is not that
some of the working class have a good
home and plenty to eat and wear, but
that there is a distinct working class
—a set of men and women whose only
function is to produce wealth, for .which
they get a miserable wage.
This fact becomes the more strange
when you consider that Mother Earth
brings forth her fruits freely and
abundantly, and furthermore that the
mines and forests of the Province contain measures of untold wealth.
It Is strange and yet not strange
that some people should be living a
hand-to-mouth existence in the midst
of plenty. In the light of reason and
common sense it ls strange, but in
the light of capitalistic selfishness lt
is altogether right and proper. For If
each man got all the wealth he produced then the capitalist would vanlBh,
and that would never do.
The class struggle in Alberta is
then not a probable thing of the future
It is waged before our eyes every day.
Every year a fresh account of one or
more strikes is put on our historical
records. The miners of the Bouthern
part of the Province can testify to the
actual presence of the class struggle
and so can the miners of Edmonton,
who were fined $40 apiece by the Supreme Court for quitting their masters. The army of unemployed that
swarm the streets of our larger cities
every winter bring in their quota of
evidence. Even the existence, not to
speak of the bad working, of the
"Employers' Liability Act" shows that
there Ib an Irrepressible conflict between the employer and the employed.
The class struggle is a thorn ln the
side of the capitalists. They would
obscure lt if they could. For this reason they pour torrents of wrath on the
Socialists for teaching tt But we do
not teach it. We merely point lt out.
We do not create a spirit of hatred,
dissension and revolt We do not
need to do it. The conditions of our
industrial life do lt for ub. To whomsoever can see and understand the class
struggle is evident, to those of the
workmen who having eyes see not,
and minds understand not, the policeman's club and militiaman's bullet
make them feel lt; to the so-called Intellectuals who can neither see nor
understand, total ignorance of the
class struggle remains, since it is
only workingmen who get below the
club or ln front of the bullet
It thus comes about that lt Ib hard
for those not actually engaged ln a
fight for bread to appreciate the position of the workers when they strike,
The workers are generally considered
to be mean and brutal without a
proper regard for the rights of that
dear third person, "the Public"—at
such a time. But the workers understand why they strike. And every
blow they receive on their heads wlll
some day be redressed. The Socialists
know that the workingmen wlll some
day stand up to right their wrongs and
therefore, they are trying to educate
them to understand their position ln
society and also the manner In which
the machinery of society works, so
that, when the Inevitable uprising
takes place, lt shall not assume the
form of a hungry, savage pack of
wolves gone mad for revenge, as lt
would If the capitalist wiseacres had
their say. The Socialists want it to be
an orderly, deliberate and decisive
action of men who know what they
are about and realize the responsibility resting on their shoulders. In this
sense Socialists are the conservers
and not the destroyers of the race.
The Capitalists play the role of destruction. We are only trying to
make the best of the poor job the
Capitalists are doing ln trying to keep
the different classes of society together.
At all events we do not care what
our enemies say or think about us. We
have our principles and we know for
what they stand. Then let the capitalists and their henchmen thunder and
fume to their heart's content. Our
care is the proletariat. He ls the one
to whom we must bring temporal salvation. Our message of freedom and
liberty can sound sweetly in none but
his ears... And what ls the message
we bring to the worker? That he ls
a wage-slave; that he will remain a
wage-slave so long as the tools he
must use to make his living ls owned
by a class opposed to him; that he,
and he alone, together with others of
his class can take the necessary action to set himself and his class free.
On the eve of the French Revolu
tion Sieye wrote: "What really is the
Third Estate? Everything. What has
it been thus far in the State? Nothing.
What does lt seek to be? Something/'
This is the spirit that pervades the
whole working army. We are nothing
now, but we want to be something.
The working class has made everything that is in the world. What part
of its products can it lay its hands on
and say, "This ls mine"? None. Workingmen! Today you are only working
tools. On ordinary days, you are a
1 tool in the workshop; on election day,
! a tool at the ballot box,
Workingmen of Alberta! Your condition is no better than that of the
others of your class. You fight against
your masters every day. ThiB strug-
' gle is wasting your life unnecessarily,
i therefore unite with your fellows arid
set yourselves free.
Hot denunciations were hurled at
the International Socialist Review by
Cleveland readers who received their
' copies of that magazine this month.
It was the general opinion that the
I person who wrote up the Indianapolis
I convention, and was too cowardly to
sign his or her name, Ib either an
anarchist or a capitalist crook attempting to arouse factional hatred
and . division by phrasemongering. It
has been noticed for a year or two
that the Review has steadily drifted
toward anarchistic propaganda, and
every opportunity to attack well-
grounded Socialistic principles and
policies and the pioneers who have
sacrificed to build up the movement
I has been eagerly embraced. The Review is even advocating that the provision in the constitution prohibiting
members from preaching or practicing
sabotage be stricken out, and probably in the near future will be printing articles from Bakunin or Herr
Most and Emma Goldmen to show the
futility of political action. The Review
was built up by the Socialists of the
country and not by Chas. H. Kerr, and
it can be smashed again if necessary.
—Cleveland Citizen.
(Dedicated to Walt Mason.)
A poet am I, who laud to the sky
The virtues of Heaven-sent work;
I threaten each skate with a hell-fire
Who tries his labors to shirk.
For happy are they who toll each day
In stokehole or reeking slough;
And the sweat that pours from their
grimy pores
Outsparkles the rosebud's dew.
And for every line I count as mine
Some part of the stolen pelf;
If I couldn't devise these jangling lies
I'd have to work myself.
You can't change human nature,
says one. Well, who wants to. It ls
a fact, however, that human nature
will change In accordance with the
law of evolution which determines that
things must and shall be forever ln
a continual state of change. The
changes which have taken place in
human nature have always been kept
in motion by the ease with which man
as been enabled to make his living
through the acquisition of knowledge.
Man was once a cannibal, you know.
Local Toronto guarantees two dollars to the Organizing Fund.
1 Copy  10c
12  Copies   76c
100 Copies and over, per copy, 6c
Rush ln your orders.   This is one
of the best little pamphlets yet written and should be widely distributed.
Vancouver, B. C.
(Continued from page one)
comes more developed, conditions
which were formerly slightly better,
on the whole, than old world conditions, gradually become worse for the
workers and more lucrative for the
skinners, and Socialist sentiment
grows accordingly, the various warring "Socialist" factions gradually
learn to agree to some extent—enough
to co-operate somewhat, and the movement here enters on the second stage
of Its development. The United States
has now entered this second stage,
having passed through the flrst Canada Ib still ln the flrst stage, but apparently about to enter the second.
Germany might be said to be in the
third at the present time. The fourth
and last stage will bring victory.
Socialism will come when the time
Ib ripe—not before, though our speakers were never so wise. The proof
that the time ls not yet is seen ln the
fact that the slaves have hot fully revolted, and lt is impossible to get them
to do so. When they are flt to take
charge they will do ao regardless of
the wise guys, and we might break our
hearts "leading" and prodding untl
conditions are ripe. Although we declaim bo much about the misery of the
working class, the slaves in their degradation are not feeling more than
a fraction of the suffering as we who
are agitating ourselves so much about
their condition. When they feel half
as keenly about It as we do there will
be something doing. The hour of capitalist doom will have struck. So
don't get excited because they do not
respond quickly enough to our appeals
to cult some of us, and say that some
of them claiming to be reds are not
reds at all. They will make good
when the time comes, and there is everything to show that lt is near at
As regards "Christian" Socialists,
and other kinds of adjective Socialists, lt ls evident that, as long as they
think more of the adjective than the
noun, it keeps them hostile to the organized movement, as many of them
obviously are, that they are imposters
whether aware of it or not, and many
of them seem not to realize the falseness of their position.
The average reformer too, who is a
"Socialist" when talking to an avowed
red—though lt ls suspicious that he
never mentions it to anybody else—
often claiming at these times to be
more of a Socialist than almost any
one else, Is likewise spurious and possesses not a drop of red in his cowardly make-up. On the contrary, he
is reactionary—has a yellow streak a
foot wide, being afraid of the "ignorant masses," does not understand their
"evil natures," and falls to see that
any "evil" they exhibit is caused by
their enslaved condition. He is really
an extreme anti-Socialist, who might
have made an aggressive red if gotten
hold of in time, but has been chasing
capitalist reform will-o'-the-wisps so
long that his condition is apt to be
In an entirely different category is
the noted active Socialist, who is
sometimes a Capitalist, but usually a
great writer on the subject. In the
opinion of the writer he is a top-notch-
er because he has ln many cases succeeded In overcoming the influence of
his tremendously strong class-environment and in spite of the more or less
distrustful way ln which he is apt to
be regarded by some of the purely
proletarians, is the real thing. It
should not be forgotten that * Karl
Marx was a university man—strictly
master-class bred, that he espoused
the cause of Socialism voluntarily,
and that his great co-worker, Frederick Engels, was a successful capitalist
whose work for Socialism is second
only to that of his colleague Marx, if
not equal to it. The "criticism" of
the "intellectuals" by the mass is
largely rubbish. Although it ls true
that most Socialists are made by direct economic pressure, ,It -Is also
true that men of this stamp (the intellectual) are an exception to the
average rule, and acting largely ln direct contradiction to their material
Interests, although their actions are
ln the material interests of the mass
they represent, and their actions were
caused by the material conditions of
the times which caused them to see
and champion the workers' needs.
Those who insist that ALL people are
governed by their material interests
only, are, whether conscious of it or
not, really vulgarizing the materialist conception which is a true theory.
Surely It is about time that most of
this abuse of "intellectuals" ceased.
Again there ls the man who ls perhaps a reliable Socialist Party member who maintains hs church connections—perhaps being a member in
good standing. Of course he Ib more
or less inconsistent as is everyone for
that matter, but Is, nevertheless, a Socialist. Only a comparatively few So
clallsts are scientific enough to reject
the untrue church dogmas entirely.
The Influence of early teaching and
past and present association ls too
strong to be entirely overcome by the
average person. One must be made of
extraordinary moral fibre ln order to
cut loose completely from organized
superstition and those connected with
it, often his closest and most Intimate
relatives and friends: Hence inconsistency is unavodable. It should not
be forgotten too that "Inconsistency
la the bug-bear of little minds."
In concluding his remarks on the
second question, "who is a Socialist?"
the writer ls gripped very strongly by
the feeling that our chief need ln this
matter is that of mutual toleration
and that there is extreme need on our
part to realize the truth that any person who ls in obvious sympathy with
the movement and calls himself or
herself a Socialist really is one with
a capital "S," regardless of class, age,
sex, race, color, creed, rank or station.
And what of the future? It is indeed full of promise. The consummation of our hopes may be said to be in
sight. Owing to the constantly accelerated pace of capitalist development
we may reasonably look for a corresponding Increase of Socialist sentiment and expansion of the movement,
and as lt grows in volume it wtll gradually become more Bane, steady, tolerant and agreeable, the internecine
strife will decrease to the vanishing
point and 'we will sweep forward a
united, Irresistible host, presenting a
solid, unbroken front to the enemy,
whom we shall overwhelm and plant
high our victorious banners upon bis
capitalistic ruins.
Speed the day!
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