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Western Clarion Aug 21, 1909

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Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, August 21, 1909.
snbsnrlpilon Prloe   <■>■ An
Pe« Vui tDl.UU
Stockholm, Sweden, Aug 1.—(By mail.)
—Put on the defensive by the numerous lockouts that have been declared
by the employers' associations of Sweden during the last year, the working-
men were compelled to resort to the
general strike as the only retalliatory
measure left to them,
i This is the story of the labor troubles now involving the entire country and which bid fair to mark another step in advance of the power of
the laboring class against the predatory capitalists.
Workers Gain  Ballot.
While capitalism had practically gone
to sleep for a moment, the working-
man of Sweden was granted the bal-
' lot. Using this power in ils attempt
to secure some of the rights to which
lt deemed itself entitled under the government under which it lived, the laboring class through the Social Democratic Party put thirty-live Socialists
into ihe riksdag and have elected the
mayor of Stockholm.
Still posessing a majority in the
riksdag and with the courts and other
instruments of the government still remaining in their control, the capitalists
of Sweden are now making a last stand
in an effort to win back the power
they have lost and put the workingmen under submission, once more.
The general strike that was declared
during the latter part of July has been
In the milking for over a year past.
The present time has been chosen by
the capitalists as the best for their
Hopes Proved Futile
"Through the energetic and persistent offers of peace, the alternative of a
general strike has been put off from
time to time during the past year, and
we had hoped on the side of the workers that the outrages resulting from
the lockouts imposed by the employers would finally come to an end, but
nothing has come ot it.
"In the same manner continued declarations of lockouts have been hurled
against the national labor organizations during the months of this year
already past. This was the situation
this spring when we faced a general
lockout threatened by the Central Km-
plovers' association, that involved all
the building industries in the nation.
The lockout was finally avoided, however, on account ot the staunch position taken by the workers with the
help of the powerful and intelligent aid
of the arbiter. Simultaneously, however, an even larger lockout was declared and enforced in the building
material industries, but this was also
finally declared off as a result of new
Negotiations Are Thwarted.
"It was finally decided in favor of
the workers, as a result of ihe peace
negotiations that had been carried on,
that there should be no further declarations of lockouts. Hard'y had this
latest agreement been reached before
the Swedish Employers' association,
Ihe most warlike organization among
the  employers,  threw  itself into  the
purposes because the consumption of Battle with all its resources,
the necessities of life seemed to have!    'Negotiations  had   proceeded  for  a
fallen off considerably, and they are lime looking toward Ihe fixing of the
hoping that the large class of unemployed labor that will be seeking work
during the coming winter will aid thein
in breaking the strike. It is a case
where the capitalist hopes to starve
the workingmen into submission.
Causes of the Strike.
Some of the incidents leading up to
a general strike are found in the
'Proclamation for a General Strike;
issued on July 27, "To all the members
of the National Labor Union." It is
in part as follows: "The unscrupulous
attack of the employers of labor
against our unions has now gone so far
that the officials of the national labor
organizations find themselves compel-
dle to Issue an appeal to the union
labor of the nation to answer this
attack on a given day by a general
"It is only after a complete consideration of the circumstances and since
it has become clearly apparent that
the brutal influence of politics, which
our employers' associations are now
making use of, cannot now be met in
any other way, that the national committee has found itself in duty bound
to take this procedure against the continued outrage of the employers' lockout.
Use Unscrupulous Methods
"For more than a year past the organized employers of this nation have
utilized the most unscrupulous and aggressive tactics. On the first occasion that offered itself the employers
have come forth with their declarations of a lockout. Time after time,
without any cessation, their lockout
proclamations have been practically
thrown at us. Even the smallest disputes have been seized upon as occasions for the declaring of new lockouts,
and always of a comprehensive nature, so that for tho past year any negotiations have been carried on under
the threat of a general lockout.
"During.the entire past year -we have
sought from the standpoint of the national labor organizations, in spite of
these difficulties, to come to an understanding without resorting to a
general strike. The employers saw
clearly for their part that the time for
a war with labor Suring the present
year would be greatly in their favor,
on account of the heavy decrease ih
consumpton and an already evident
Urge number ot unemployed workers
for the coming winter.
wage scale In two branches of the tailor's unions. The grocers and delivery
men's branches of the delicatessen
trades desired the fixing of a national
wage scale upon which they were presented with a considerable reduction
from their previous wages. When the
workers would not agree to the proposed reductions a lockout was declared
by the Grocers and Confectioners' association on May 24, and of the Delivery and Confectioners' association on
July 5.
Lockout After Lockout
"Even with the inducement of a
wage agreement at the Skutskar's cel-
lulolnd factory, which would result in
a reduction in the previous wages of
the workers, an entire lockout of the
paper manufacturing Industry was declared on July 12. There was a wage
dispute at Mackford's power Btation,
and when this could not be decided after lengthy negotiations, the men quit
work on April 1, with the result that
the employers, through another lockout, suspended all work in the industries involved in improvements along
the roads and rivers.
"Since the employers have taken up
this antagonistic position toward labor, a meeting of the full membership
of the Swedish Employers' association
was called on July 14, and after It was
decided to declare war against the
workingmen of Sweden, It was determined that a monster lockout should
be Instituted against the Association of
National Labor Unions if propositions
not acceptable to the employers' associations in the questions at issue had
been presented by July 26."
General  Strike  Declared
It was under these conditions that
a general strike was declared which is
Involving every industry ln Sweden,
stopping the trains so that food cannot be brought into Stockholm, preventing the crops from being harvested and generally precipitating the
country into the greatest war between
capitalism and labor that lt has ever
•^sjisioos X[ibc[—-uses
A large number of elevators in Canada have transferred their insurance
from Canadian to United States insurance companies, so that about a
quarter of a million dollars ln commissions has been lost to Canadian
brokers. Here ls another cause for a
new outbreak of patriotism.
If the Labor Party engages in strenuous agitation, it is always for something that is utterly useless to the
working class. It is so In its agitation
in favor of the capitalist budget, and
so it was also in its protest againBt the
visit of the Tsar. Whenever the boom
of the "Labor" drum is heard it betokens an attempt to divert the attention of the workers from things that
really matter, and to rally them in support of the class that fattens upon
their misery. This is the characteristic of the "Labor" and .reform parties, and it is the reason why, even in
the matter of the Tsar's visit, we are
compelled to join issue with them.
The visit of Nicholas Romanoff will
doubtless have taken place before
these lines appear; but supposing lt
had been prevented, would the working
class, or even the middle class, of Russia, have been benefited in the slightest? Obviously they would no more
have benefitted on this occasion than
they did after his cowardly majesty
abandoned his visit to Italy through
dread of a hostile demonstration. Moreover, we read in the Labor Party's advertisement of their "Protest" (In the
I. L. P. and S. D. P. organs) that the
Tsar is "Our Guest"! And it is asked
"Will the hand of England be stained
by grasping his?" We, in turn, protest against these "protesters." We
deny that the Tsar is "our guest." He.
is solely the guest of our enemies, the
capitalist class. And the "hand of
England" (which, today, is that of the
class who own and rule) can hardly be
further or deeper stained by grasping
the bloody hand of a brother in exploitation and repression.
True the "middle" class and their
hangers-on often speak as though this
country were the peaceful haven of
freedom and happiness, and Tsardom
the only repressive State in the world.
But that is enly because the middle
class have yet to achieve their complete emancipation In Russia, while in
England they are the ruling class, and
themselves make use of "Russian"
methods in governing dependencies,
and    even in crushing   workers and
strikers at home. It naturally makes
all the difference to the "middle" class
whether they are the upper or under
dogs;, but the worker Is under dog
all the time, and is crushed under both
forms of class rule.
The capitalists of Western Europe
are equally guilty with Russian despotism. Germany in S. W. Africa and
Poland; Belgium on the Congo; France
in Morocco; England in India and Ireland; each can parallel Russian atrocities. To take England as typical in
internal affairs, capitalist rule condemns one-third of the population to
slow starvation, while thousands are
killed or maimed yearly for the profit
of the capitalist, and the mass of the
people are condemned to leisureless
joyless lives of poverty, toil and suffering.
This progressive crushing of humanity by class rule is international, not
Fellow Workers: Soon you will be
called upon to exercise the franchise.
That you may for once do it intelligently, the Socialist Party wishes to
make its alms known to you. We do
not ask your vote; we simply wish to
make our point clear. If you find
truth in what we have to say, and consider our interpretation of society is
right, and that the propagation of
these principles will be to your benefit, and to the benefit of your class,
then get up, make a noise like a man
local; and Russia's stain is of scarcely 'and do a man's portion; vote for Ihem.
darker hue than the rest. It is, therefore, sheer hypocrisy to pretend that
the ruling class of this country would
be contaminated by the presence of
the Tsar. On the other hand, in the
welcome to bloody Nicholas that is
given by a Government responsible for
Featherstone and Belfast, there is a
peculiar fitness that aptly illustrates
the international character of class
oppression. The ruling class of each
country use the surest and most deadly
means of repression that are suited
to their circumstances, and the Gov-
If, on .the contrary, you think these
principles are to your detriment, and
to the detriment of your class, it is
your duty to vote against them. That
you should be able to do either intelligently is our object in issuing this
We take it for granted that you are
human, and have human feelings and
aspirations. We believe that you would
like a good home, good clothes, good
food; would like to be able to educate
your children well, and above all
would like to be sure of a job.    We
Russian  atrocities    In  England if it
could thus strengthen its position.
We are of and for the workers, hence
as distinct from the Labor Party, we
do not protest against oppression
abroad and actively support the oppressor at home. We recognize (as
members of a subject class) lhat the
only effective help we can at. present
give to our Russian comrades Is to
push on faster the work of making
Socialists and of exposing the rascality
of the international ruling class. Indeed, before England can aid working
class emancipation in Russia, England
herself must be conquered by those
who produce.—Socialist Standard.
Who ever would have thought it?
There are but few craftsmen who can
boast of such ancient lineage as the
blacksmith—Immortalized in song and
story. "The blacksmith fashioneth
with his hammer" was the tribute of
the ancient prophet. But machinery
and invention is robbing our swarthy
craftsman of his calling; ere long the
thrill of his music and the magic of
his fire and anvil will be gone, and
the old refrain —
"With a bang and a clang and a rlng-
The work goes merrily rolling along"
will he meaningless.
In his May report, the general secretary of the Associated Blacksmiths
dilated on the departing glory, thus:
"Owing to the Introduction of shaping
tools, drop hammer forgings, malleable
and steel castings, we are afraid that
the glory of the trade is departing,
which, without doubt.is one that stands
easily first for constructive ability and
inventive genius. In no other trade
have we so many failures; therefore,
we would appeal to all aspirants who
are yearning to learn our ancient and
honorable craft, to weigh well the situation. If no more blacksmiths were
turned out during the next decade, we
would still have sufficient to meet the
industrial requirements."
But the onward march of labor-saving and dividend-making appliances In
all industries, dulls the voices which
call out solicitously on behalf of handicraft, art, and the human race Itself,
and the fostering care and attention
which should be given to man is accorded to machinery Instead.
A subsequent perusal of the annual
report of the Bricklayers' Society conveys much the same idea concerning
the avocation of thr bricklayer. He
had got accustomed to rumors concerning schemes for laying brioks by
machinery, but now he is faced with
schemes and actual practice for building without bricks at all.   Mr. Batche-
ernment here would repeat the worst i[now  that you have these„thoughts,
because we have them ourselves. We
also know that you think that you are
not entitled to them, because you have
been taught that such things are not
good for you and your kind.
We wish to disagree with the ideas
imparted to you from the master class,
because they are wrong. You are entitled to the good things of this world.
The workers of the world have produced all the good things of this world
and are entitled to them all. Labor
produces all wealth, and what can he
more right than that the producers
should own it all? At present they
own practically none.
Go whereever you will, and you will
find the workers living in miserable
shacks, wearing shoddy clothes, and
eating adulterated food. On the other
hand, we find that those that do not
work have good homes, good clothes
and good food. Evidently the secret
of Buccess is not work, but in the ownership of the means of wealth production. Knowing this to be so, the Socialist Party wishes you to understand
Its platform.
Society, ever since the dissolution
of the primitive tribal communities,
has consisted of two classes. The one
class, that owned the means of wealth
production; Ihe other class, that owned nothing but their power to labor.
The benefits of all properly goes to
tbe owners.
Consequently those that owned the
means of production in every stage of
society have reaped all ihe benefits.
The non-owners in order to live, have
had to sell their only commodity, labor power. Like all commodities, ils
price is governed by supply and demand, subject only to Its cost of production. Being a perishable commodity, it must be sold.
In all Btagea of society there have
been more workers than ownerB, consequently the supply has exceeded Ihe
demand, and the workers' commodity
haa been forced ' down to its loweBt
price, namely, the cost of its production, which is the amount necessary
for the worker to keep alive and leave
Bomebody to work after he Is worn out
working for the master class.
In all stages of society the owner
has been master and the worker a
slave. The forms have changed, but
the principle is there just the same.
The present system, wage slavery,
ls the most perfect form of slavery
lor, the general secretary, deals with
the question at some length, and his
conclusions respecting the prospects
of the trade are pessimistic in the
extreme. He points out how that steel
construction in place of the old system
of solid brickwork for buildings reduces the number of bricklayers required, and "concrete" construction is
also responsible for a less number of
men being required. Down this way
where they niuke you tired by talking
about "safe and better relations with
the employers," they should let the
above passages sink Into their brains.
Say, what relation have you got
when you are displaced by the machine and new ideas and inventions?
With the march of capitalistic production skilled work becomes unskilled,
more competition for jodb takes place,
an over-abundance of labor power on
hand wages fall lower and faster than
before. Strikers' places are more and
more easily filled, as good men are on
tap for scab labor as there were formerly in the shop, and after every
long and severe strike, a still greater
number of "skilled" men have been
developed, and the unions are forced
to take them in as members, or else
tbey create their own scabs.
With modern production the onetime "aristocrats of labor" find themselves thrown on the same level as
every worker; they become the real
proletariat. Beaten in all directions
in the endeavor to raise the price of
their particular brand of labor-power,
the union men must recognize that
tbey can only rise as a class and not
as a craft. That their struggles should
be not for "safe or better relations,"
but for the overthrow of all relations
existing between master and slave,
for the working cIsbb to own all the
wealth they produce. To do this they
must own what is displacing them,
the machine tool, and they will never
own the tools they work with so long
as they leave political power ln the
bands ot a master class.
The master class want as big a share
of the wealth that the workers produce as they can posBibly get. The
workers want a share also; in fact,
the writer, who has been termed "a
brood and thunder Socialist," wants it
all (how awful!). To establish1 any
sort of relation with a struggle like
that going on ls a waste of energy.
To wrest from the hands of the master class political power, and to enable the workers to own collectively
the means of production, ls the sole
aim of the Socialist Party of Canada,
that ever existed. In the chattel forffl
of slavery the owner h.ad to buy his
slave and after buying him had to provide him with food, clothing and shelter, both in busy times and slaoK-
times; if sick, the master cared for
him, because he had a property ill'
terest in him. In the present ByBtem
the master does not pay a large sum.
for his slave (but rather the slave,
through the employment agent, buyff
a master), but just buys him from
day to day as he needs him, and only
gives him what he gave his chattel
slave (after paying a large sum tot
him) food, clothing and shelter. Ii)
slack times instead of feeding you,
the master just doesn't buy you any
more, and it's the soup kitchen for
Your power to produce has incres-
ed one hundred fold, but you receive
no more for your product than did tha
chattel slave, the owners of the means
of production getting the benefit/which
is only right, because when you are
sufficiently intelligent to be entitled
to the prpduct you will have sensd
enough to own the means of produc-
tlon yourself.
Believing that all the ills present in
society today arise from economic
causes, due to the ownership of the
means of production by one class and
their operation by another class, aud
that no amount of reform will benefit
the working class while this baneful
ownership continues, the Socialist
Party purposes to secure for the working class the ownership of Ihe meant
of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, mines, railroads, etc.) in order that the producers
may become owners of their own product.
These things are private property
no longer. They are the collective
property of a class. Individualism Is
a thing of the past. We no longer
produce individually, but collectively,
Collectively as a class we are enslav-
ed, and robbed of our product. Our
freedom must -come through collect*
Ivism, and collectively we must fight
(o gain it.
Vernon, A«g. 16, 1909,
Dear Comrades,—
As most of you will know, the cotv
vention held at Vernon on the 12th
of July, nominated Comrade J, F,
Johnson of Enderby, as the standard
hearer of our Party In the coming
elections. Now you all know lhat we
cannot run a campaign without the
necessary dough, neither can wo puaty
the propaganda now, with contributions which come in the day before
election. So kindly start contributing right now, so we may open the
Comrades In Isolated localities will
Please communicate with the undersigned, so they may act as agents In
their locality.
Address all communications to the
Secretary-Treasurer of the Campaign
Yours in Revolt,
Vernon, B. C,
The Cause of Revolutions.
"The times of that superstition
which attributed revolutions to the lit'
will of a few agitators have long
passed away. Everyone knows now*
adays that wherever there' ls a revolutionary convulsion, there must be some
social want ln the background, which
is prevented, by outworn institutions,
from satisfying itself. The want may
not yet he felt as strongly, as general,
ly, as might ensure immediate sua>
cess; but every attempt at forcible repression will only bring It forth
stronger, until it) bursts Its fetters."—
Marx "Revolution and Counter-Revo-
lutlon." wo
SATURDAY   AUGUST  21st   1909.
h loin tea
:*aMlih*d eviry lalurSay by the
BMteUit Party of Canada, at the Onto.
at the Wcstsrn clarion, rlaok Blook
BM»m»nt, 1S5 IMstlaga Htr.at, Vmoou-
Wm>* 0,
fJMst Far Tear, so oanta for ill Months,
as oanta for Three Months.
■trtotly  In  ASvnnoa
Bundle,   of   i<  or   nmrtt  OOPlSli   for  a
r>d of not \m» than Uiiimi montha, at
rate of on* cunt pur copy per Ihmum.
.it'T'frtMnK   ratoa  on   application.
M jr»u  ri-ri-ivii thla  papor,  II la paid
Jn making rnnilttnuco l,y choijun, ox-
'ahsmge tnie<t bo udtliul. AiMi-omh nil
athaamunlciitlnnH nnd nmko nil inonuy
imrOtru iniyiihlo to
S36. Vancouvor,
Watch the label on your paper. If this number ls on It,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
SATURDAY   AUGUST   21st   1909.
Tariffs, Budgets, and graft-revela-
tlras seem to be the order of the day.
Tfcese of course are matters, though
■mrliaps of interest, at any rale of no
gnrcern to the working class. Citl-
■anr pay taxes. Slaves are exempt.
HOiere is aught to mourn, let citizens
,dM the crape.
Ur.oH. the workers meet Ihe tax col-
biain- face to face occasionally, to
ittta'r exceeding regret, and are gently
SW. firmly separated from three dol-
3/ir.t,. or the like sum, in the way of
nnK tax etc. Also there are duties
jujuole on their tobaccos and other
jnss_ But this merely serves to en-
tawce their cost of living therefore
ifw price of their labor power and re-
ttac*s by that much the surplus value
U».t produce. So that taxes are paid
wc of the surplus in the long run.
Hence they need worry themselves
nn£ at all over the intricacies of Bud-
Sa's and tariffs or the shamelessness
jjf Ihe grafters. Indeed Ihey may, If
tfciy have the knowledge and are in
■JtB, humor, derive therefrom some llt-
'.ste amusement: To the cry of help
Ir<w the unfortunate taxpayer and the
Vng^suffering consumer, they should
:*e an deaf as the   proverbial adder
tt is quite edifying to behold the
.sramfile for the titbits of the wealth
-ajreitng; from the workers that goes on
.aswug the theives large and petty.
tx-f as Capitalism developes and
«|wnlth concentrates into fewer hands,
,ti«': numbers of the hungry are multl-
pfcri', and the scramble becomes mad-
jjec. ft Is further accentuated when
tmgf and' fickle Prosperity jilts us and
depression reigns, reducing the amount
of Sooty to be scrambled for, an
lamuntd that ls ever being still further
TBfliced' by the steady restriction of
Ate market.
ffihder these circumstances the can-
aSfctfistic propensities of our bourgeois become more and more pronounc-
wt, and, the visible supply of suckers
'lifting off, the sharks display a great
jpjdlty for supping off one another.
!y!«-. Industrial and financial groups
■dtnanltallsts, being the largest sharks
te die pool, are playing in these days
uwt greater, havoc among their smal-
'ler. weaker, and more aged brethren.
Tin- temperance movement is a case
<» point. The must powerful and gen-
jrxUv convincing argument of the nd-
mwttta of the temperance "cause" to
sfm fiusinesB fraternity is: "Look at
sll. the money Hint's spent In the salens*;, If the saloons were closed that
rnmtg would be spent with the mer-
<taats." This argument appeals most
fcnrlMy.not. alone to Ihe merchant, but
-on <tle wholesaler who supplies him
witft. goods, and beyond him again to
Itta manufacturer. No wonder that
ifct eroblem of finance is one that
rwniifffls the treasury department of
"itat. cause but little. To' the linlus-
jirnu' capitalist, temperance holds out
ytff, two seductive allurements of
smttf,, and therefore more efficient,
isac».!S,. and an enlarged market for
nj&i.iiwes-.. He; therefore joyously en-
3sB», Hinmalfi under the banner of tem-
TScninCK fully believing of course that
ljn is doing so from no motive any
tmrsr than the regeneration of his
UnjtUf.'i- man. Thus the industrial
.iitiitjJist prepares to sacrifice his
Biwiiren with capital invested in brew-
tn're and distilleries, in the fond hope
tfftii he will thereby acquire more
■MB with his divinity, Mammon.
In Europe another group ls being
naioi ready for the altar. The presume of taxation Is become exceeding
Jteim a[,d. what with further increas-
3ts in su-mament, and so forth, promises
3c*,4m)ine yet heavier, and the neces-
a»rO" r>C shifting Ihe burden becomes
^Bsfssfnsr- Onto the shoulders of a
■VMhuI'ms proletariat this burden ob-
Knmdr cannot ho shifted, so the
'Swjip«ttrt industrial capitalisls, who
wm: jiredominate, are, as quietly and
-swa-iffyi is maybe, shifting more of
'■it . •mew i lie-shoulders of their landed
IKk and kin, who, being wise beyond
'Awr day and generation, are little
lsqftuleA  to be led as a lamb to the
idnughii-i- In Britain, Lloyd George's
Budget oontsjni Borne very neat moves
lu thl'i direction and is therefore be-
laudi'd to the skies by the Liberal
bOUrgSOisiS and Its fulthftil man Friday the Lilian- Party. Had the Tories
won U) power, the Tariff Reform would
hnve glvvii tha burden a duclded list
lu the oilier direction.
Similar In Lloyd (luorge's wafi Buc-
Iow'h Budget In (Inrniany and for exactly Hlinllnr reaSOni, The lauded barium, bowavsr, proved more powerful
In Ihe l-'allieiliiiiil and lluelow has gone
down, hill  lint the lluelow  Idea.    We
hIuiii him< mora of it.
In  Prance lliara Ih every Indication'
thai the hiiiiki tale Ib booii to be told,
anil  we are very much  mistaken if a
"great   dstnooratlo" land taxing Bud-
gat does nol initio' iih appearance ■
dor the wing of "Socialist Premier"
Hi-laud In Ihe near future. The day
of IIiIh oontlnenl will come later, hut
II will Ktiiely come If nothing untoward  happens lu Ihe meanwhile.
Of i->c j, a j the Swedish workers
were nut in revolt, against property
laws but merel - against the agressions
of then- employers in the Industrial
field, thev could not be expected in do
othc.xlBe than to respict the lognl
property rights of I he jiropriitoi s of
the food supplies A revolutionary
proletariat would hardly be -xpected
lo be so sen Tilou.- Aa was shown
after the Cumm tie, the retilbmmi'
following upon f: Hurt could have been
no more dlie , ad the Communards
been less scrupulous, und tho chances
of success would certainly have been
no less.
While It j o course futile lo lay
down even in oul ie ot a plan of action for the li   lie, .is tho evenlH nnd
circumstance!   thai   will then dlotate
out 'Imis me not revealed lo lis, yel
hi be neglectful nol lo study
the n it' hat are leading up to those
ant' to draw ' erefrom such conclusions ,-,s i lay pri e liivnluable in making victory mnri . leedy and less costly.
ie Hung     i   should never lose
Tha' is, ih.    ihe control of Ihe
From the procession ot events, more
especially recent events in France,
Spain and Sweden, and even so near
home ns Cape Brelcn and Fort Will-
lain, Hire are lessons to be learnt,
Thai, In a stibconsious way, some
of these lessons are being learnt is
proven by the marked, though hardly
noticed, change in the tone of Socialist writers and speakers. A few years
ago, there was nothing of which we
were more anxious than of convincing
the world and his wife of the peace-
ableness of our Intentions. Revolutionists we were of course, but, be.ore
all things, peaceable revolution is.
Much time we spent and many siar
ments we discovered or devised proving that revolutions were not r icess-
arlly bloody. We took that pupula-
bogey, red revolution, in hand, drev,
his teeth, manicured his claws, bar-
bered him, groomed him and presented him to the public, gentle, mi.
mannered, learned-looking and thor-
ougly domesticated. In those days,
to suggest that all this respectability
might be mere veneer, that the threshold of the new society might possibly
not be of pure alabaster whiteness;
was to brand oneself as an Anarchist,
if not a Pinkerton.
Nowadays, however, It Is quite another song we sing, year by year our
masters have been showing more and
more of their true nature, until it is
becoming clearly apparent that the
chances of a peaceable revolution are
exceeding slim; that they are dependent on the one unlikely circumstance
that the revolutionary forces will 'be
so strong and will present so determined and dangerous an aspect that
resistance on the part of the masters
will be not only hopeless but actually
This is no matter for bluster and
braggadocio. We should regard it as
a matter of fact. It Is rather a stern
reality to be faced as best we may,
than anything of a pleasure to 1 e
looked forward to. We must confess
that a peaceable revolution would be
Stati  is Hie U
Once ll D
Sn  we   in
' our enemies' posl-
s ours we are the
it win  that   at  all
costs  and,  at   t'.e  same  time,  al   as
little cost to i jrsolves as  possible.
Marty loin may have its attractions
for thosi -vuo ti i! Tjr the regeneration of hu in: or some other such
praiseworthy r jet. but for us, who
seek our own emancipation, the role
of victors even in a bloodless victory,
is glory sufficient And the more thoroughly we understani our position, the
more uncompromising our attitude, the
more 'rastic ou: mtiliods, Ihe more
speedy ill be our triumph, whether
it be peaceably attained or not. .
We had n'ver expected that our
diunk of eiltorii-l wisdom on the
fralse Creek Imi rovement Scheme
would have attracted the attention of
< ancouver s City Fathers. The fact
iLux it lias, seems to us to prove thnt
w< cam-1 close enough lo the truth,
for alwavj. when somebody squeals,
soni"bti > in hurt. One alderman, at
the las, i oiincil meeting, suggests
that we ought lo be prosecuted. Possibly he is ght, too. It was none of
our business.
Organizer O linen, .... L>, -v., was
jwked up for speaking on the streets
of Reglna and refusing to move, on
the loth. On being convicted he declined to pay his fine or to be bound
over to hold his peace for twelve
months, so is now serving seven days
in jail. This will give his throat a
nice rest, and by tbe lime Regina gets
through with him, the powers that be
will be sorry they got gay.
For the publication if the following
article copies of London Justice" were
confiscated by the . olice at a protest
meeting against the Czar's visit held
in Trafalgar Square. To questions
much more to our liking, for, though  rai6ed subsequently in  the House of
the ultimate triumph of the working
class ls inevitably fore-ordained by
circumstances over which nobody has
any control, yet, If It be not peaceable,
many of us are likely to be hanged In
the process who might much prefer to
hang themselves if they must hang.
However lt seems as though our
preferences in the matter are little
likely to be considered. Therefore it
behooves as many of us as possible to
watch the march of events with open
eyes and to garner therefrom such
store of knowledge as may stand us
In good stead In case of future eventualities, and moreover to spread that
knowledge among our fellows now,
while we may, as there ls no telling
how long we may be allowed lo do so.
In this connection attention might
be called to the fact that In some of
the recent disturbances, just as a man
when attacked will Instinctively seek
to guard his most vulnerable parts, so
the master class has discovered to us
one ot Ils vulnerable points by the
promptitude with which cordons of
troops have been flung around their
banking institutions. Wherefrom we
may conclude that the Communards of
Paris committed one of the gravest of
errors when they allowed the fetish of
bourgeois morality to so pervert their
judgment that they held the treasures
ln the banks inviolate instead of seizing them and dispersing them among
the proletariat. '
Another point which has shown
11 self, always more or less, but particularly lately, is that the endurance of
the workers is limited by the scantiness of their, larders. To break the
Swedish strike, workers were readily
obtained in England. Not from any
love of strike-breaking or any sympathy with the master class, but
simply because their own immediate
necessities forced them to hail as a
deliverance any chance to obtain their
Hunger Is a powerful ally and an
almost invincible foe. Therefore in the
case of the Capitalist class appealing
from an adverse decision at the ballot box to a grimmer arbiter, the workers Bhould not fall to take such steps
as will keep their own larders full
whosoever else's be empty.
Commons no ratisfpcioi answer was
vouchsafed. Why slu 'd there have
been? The conflsi-ti,. u u may have
been 'illegal," but what Is to compel a
ruling class to obey its laws?
• • *
It was after one of th u any imp-
ous functions held al ' sarkot Selo
that Czar Nicholas hat Mred for the
night to his bedchamt The laughter and music of the /< i.<< tnous scene
he had just left still buzzed in his
brain; the fumes of th.- wine rnd perfumes of the women still titillated
his senses; the gay and glistening
throng—the lip tits— the color und blazonry—still stirred ln ie camera ob-
scura of his vision Hut he felt
strangely hot, exhausted, depressed.
A fit of morbid gloi ui had seized upon
His obsequious al team.nts—after
putting him carel.dly *o bed—had
gently retired.
For a long, long time he lay In the
vain endeavor to obtain sleep. The
effects of the excitement nnd wine
clung tenaciously. He became nervous
and irritable; he turned restlessly
from side to side; he grew afraid of
the shadows in the corners of the room
and the pale moonlight streaming in
at the windows.
When, at last, the softness of the bed
and physical weariness induced sl"ep,
he became a prey lo a fearful nightmare. Terrible dreams, let loose by
a stifled conscience, arose out ol the
bosom of darkness.
The fantastic imagery ..' Ms brain
conjured up the previous occupants,
of the bloody throne of Russia, hey
crowded on his fancy In a s of hideous horror. Ivan the Terrible taking
delight In poisoning his guests; Peter
—the brutal and bestial Peter— killing his brother Alexis; the harlot
Catherine I. putting her discarded
lovers living into tombs of Ice; the
drunken prostitute Elizabeth slicking
pins Into the breasts of her serving
girls; Catherine II.—the disolute—
murdering the infant son John of the
courtesan Anna Ivanovna; the halfwitted Paul In his mad debaucheries;
the murder of Paul by his son; the
vile beast Nicholas I. knoutlng coa-
sGrlpts to death; Alexanders II. and III.
committing nioiiBtrotiBly cruel barbarities—all these raveiiotiB tigers und
tigresses in the mad excesses of their
blood passion, clothed In the huhlll-
iii.-iii:- of the pitHi, came out of the
night and committed their iiiual atrocious crimes lu hla dreuuiH.
He ihlveri lu an agony of tenor.
Then ihey gathered all together,
and. pnlnilng at him, tiled: You,
Niobolal, last of tha Ottri, are lliu
weakest, Ihe must cowardly, the iiiobI
cruel, tha inoHt bloodthirsty, the vilest
uf iih all.
a cold Hw-eiii burst out upon him, A
convulsive ihUddar shuuk him and
nearly woke him up.
Then Ihe I'znrs and the Czarinas
disappeared from his dreams, bul In
their place arose Hie phantoms of Ills
They orowdad (hick and I'nsl They
represented mi epitome of his awful
reign. Strange aid wild and inexpressibly horrible. Ihey, by their vivid
reality, wroughl wllhln him fearful
paroxysms of fern- and terror.
Scenes of the sllenl snows of Sag-
hiilleii; of the damp dungeons below
the Icy Neva In the Fortress of Peter
land Puul; of the rocking cells of
Schusselburg and tho old Boutyrki;
of Ihe putrid typhus hells of Sevastopol, Lodz, Warsaw, and Eastern Siberia; of the torture chambers of
Riga; of the whole of Russia with the
demon Famine stalking through the
land—clear, awful, and startling, came
and went.
Fiendish murders, secret assassination, hanging with well-soaped ropes,
raplugs of young and lender girls,
butchering of tiny children, wholesale
massacres, knoiitlngs, heatings with
uagaikas and liullaruhher slicks till
Ihe flesh hung in ribbons, pulling out
of hairs one by one, breakings and
twistlngs of limbs, so that all semblance of humanity was gone—such
ghastly sights passed In slow, panoramic fashion. And the sounds of sobs
and shrieks and awful imprecations
filled his ears.
There was no end to them. Young
men and old men, gills and women—
and Utile children. Of every rank,
profession, creed and description.
Look! See the woman laughing,
howling, praying, siugii>g nursery
rhymes as she rocks her dead baby
In her arms in the feaful cold of
Irkutsk—that is the poor, madwife of
Ivan Chernlaysky. See that man in
the nolseome cell, hacking at his
throat with a pair of scissors—that is
ihe genius Zapolsk. See that thin
emaciated man walking as far as his
chains will let him in the dungeon of
Schlusselburg—that is the -oiiderful
poet Polvianoff. See tha! fine-looking
man with the blood ooz.ng from Hie
pistol wound in his temples, lying in
the snows of Siberia—that is the brilliant scientist Alex. Kropotkin. See
lhat man swinging from the gibbet—
that is the noble-minded Balmtischoff.
See those men tearing at their throats
with peices of glass—they are Leon-
tovitch and Oogomoloff. See that poor
dead thing bound in chains to the wall
—that is the corpse of Zhutin. See
that youg woman just about to become
a mother. It i. j; dragged to the police-
station—'.hat Is Martinova. See that
madman throwin/ kerosene over himself and setting it alight—that is the
clever Gratchevsky. Look! Look
again! See that beautiful girl being
flogged—flogged until she drops down
dead—that is Nagyeshda Siglda. See
that mangled corpse—that is Ihe body
of Marie Vetrova, who was raped and
murdered.   So they go on.
What a murderous precession! Men
and women of genius, poets, philosophers, scientists, journalists, doctors,
workers, peasants, noble-minded and
great-hearted; the soul of Russia; all
of them the victims of the the Czar.
In prison, In torture-chamber, In exile,
in death does Nicholas see them. Their
pale faces startle him. Their looks
of sorrow, of pain, of hate, ma'ie him
tremble ln affright. He cries aloud in
his sleep.
The visions of his crimes fade away
and Nicholas sees himself as he really is. A puny second-rate Hussar officer, as Tolstoy calls him, and a criminal lunatic. He sees the Czardom—
vile, horrible, wealthy, triumphant,
gilded and stained. He realises what
a collection of spies, swindlers, butchers, hangmen and murderers are gathered around the throne, among whom
are Dubrovln, the organizer of pogroms, his uncle Vladmir, Az^ff snd
Trepoff. What a cesspool of .hame,
disgrace, oprobrium and . dishonor is
there! What a black pit of vice and
treason! He conspires with Azeff to
get rid of his uncle, the Grand Duke
Serglus. He shakes the bloody paws
of the human beasts that carry out his
Timinal behests. He heaps honors
and wealth upon vlolaters of girls and
butchers of babes. On the throne, in
the midst of all glitler and panoply,
he is Btlfling the light, strangling the
liberty, barring the progress of the
Russian people. He and his crew
laugh and mock and jeer over Russia—
But suddenly there is a great blue
flash and a terrible eyploslon.
' *   *   *
The same obsequious attendants
that put him to bed discovered him
the following morning, all shrivelled
and purple with cold, cowering in a
corner of the room, trembling like one
who had passed throagh hell.
Socialist Directory
XmXJm\T ['very Locil of the Socialist Party ol
< anarin ibould run a card under this head
tl.00 per iimnth.     Secretaries please note.
HuclullNt l'urty uf Cantuln. Meets
•very nlti»rnnte Monday. D. O. Mc-
KiMizle, SftTctut-y. BOX 8H6, Vancouver,
B   0,
Kxerutlve Committee, SoclullHt Party
of Cunudii. DfUati every alternate
MimmIiiv. D, U. McKenala, Secretary,
Mux  836,  Vancouver,  B.  O.
Committee, Socialist Party of Can-
mtit. MiM.'tn every alternate Monthly in
Labor Hall. Eighth Ave. East, op-
podlte pc-itoffice. Secretary will be
nleuHetl to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province
A, J. Browning. Sec,  Box   n     Calgary, Alta
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. W\ James, 326 Harxrnvv st
Winnipeg,   Man.
Committee. Meets in Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto;
P. 0. Young, Secretary, <mu Pflpe Ave,;
G. Cilomho. Jtalinti Or.;.. 224 Chestnut St.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Bdgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
—Meets every secoud and fourth Thursday in
the month at 151 Hastings St. W. Secretary,
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Kagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
las Mcludoe, Secy. Room 1, 1319 Government st.
LOCAL BOBSLANE, No. 25, 8. P. OP O..
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. McLeod. Secy, P. o
Box &74. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets ln Finlanders* Hall. Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy.. P. O Box
766 Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL   PORT   MOODT,  B.   C,   NO.   41.
■. P. Of C.—Business meetings first
Sunday in each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary. Port Moody, B. C.
LOCAL I'RINCIi kUPKKT, B C -Meets every
Sunday flt 8 p. UK, on the street corners aud
various halls. J  B. King, Sec.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
1 p.m. ln headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Williams, Sec, Ladysmlth, B. C
meets every second and fourth Wednesday
evening, at 8 p.m., sss Kiny st, east opposite
Market Hotel.    H. Martin, Secy. 61 Weber St.
LOCAL  NELSON,   S.   P.   Or   C,   MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL PHOENIX,  NO. 8, 8. P.  OP O.,
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., in
Miners' Hall. Matt Halliday, Organ Ik r
H. K. Maciniiis, Secy.
of O. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room, McTavlsh Block.
817 Second St. E. Opposite Imperial Ho.el
Fred S. Faulkner, Org., Box 647; J. Gibbs
Secy., Box 647.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL NANAIMO, NO.  3.   8.  P.  of  C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 0'clockj
Jack   Place,   Rec.   Secy.,   Box   826.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     t.
Meets every Sunday night In the-
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Seey.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m., In Trades aud Labor Hall,
Fourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrle,
Organiser, 623 Second St.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:4G. Business meeting first Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster,  S*c,.  Box  164.
C.. meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. P. OP
O., meets every Friday night at 7:30
ln TimmimV Hall. cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business nnd propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary,  Vernon, B.  C.
P. of C. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m.. the fourth Thursday of each month in lodge room over
old post offlce, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
quarters Klondyke block, corner of Pacific
and   King Business   meeting   every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening S p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummtngs, Organizer.
Jas. W. Aroer, Secretary, 336 Maryland
lish    Branch. Business    meetings
first and third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St.
Speakers supplied on shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
Lyon, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   NO.   9,   8.   P.   OP   0.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   8.
P. of C—Meets in Labor Hall, SL
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Heaequarters No 1 St. rharles Borromee St
Otto Jahn Secretnay, 52S Chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sandon
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Name            Meeting
Camborne  ....
Grand Forka..
Geo.   Heatherton..
1 61
T.  II.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews..
H. T. Rainbow....
Kimberly   ....
M. & S. U.
Malcolm  McNeill..
V. Phillips 	
W. A. Pickard	
R.   Sllverthorn....
J. A. McKinnon...
Geo. ..asey	
L.  R.  Mclnnls....
A.   Shilland	
Robert Malroy....
Kred   Llebscher...
D.  B. O'Neaill	
Slocan City
O.  B. Mcintosh...
T. T. Rutherford..
Van Anda
Trail M & M..
Wm. Heskcth	
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.  B.  MclBaac...
**Tha Place Ctriio-frla" u"°l1 '""• r°"11 pnwjwilfc
I Do ulSSS OHugglB    ti.« »)...!• uiiiHy cuu i<uj u.
Mnil-'-l f'.r .'■■(■ ill ntim|n: »<«nU waiiM-   " „, _,
CHARLES It  KERR ft 00.. 108 Klbllt Stmt, Chicago, HI
Jog  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueeata ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 197, Port Arthur, Oat.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee ainunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Makiaa ainooitain, $1.50 vuosikerta
"Vakaltuka" Makiaa, $1.25
Large PhotoB of Local Vancouver's Picnic at 75c, from Headquarters. H, Norman, P.O. Box 836.
Hand-Made Boots and  Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
2456 Westminster Ave.
./e solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts, Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our lnventor*a Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York I,ife Bldg,
Montreal: nnd Washington. D.C* U.S.A.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphone
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter (with necessary   supplies to start Local)    $5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues Stamps,  each 10
Platform and application blank
per 100  25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto ln Italian, per 100 50c
Meeting of August 16th, 1909.
Present, Comrades    Mengel  (chairman), Karme, Kingsley, Morgan, Peterson, Stebblngs and the secretary-
Minutes  of  previous    meeting  approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Ontario and Alberta Executives; Locals
Dominion No. 6, N. S.; Montreal, P.
Q.; Menzies, Sask., and Organizer
No endorsations having been recetv
«d through any Provincial Executives,
of Local Port Arthur's (Finnish) proposition for referendum, the proposition falls through.
Receipts: Ontario Executive, $30.75;
■warrant authorized for printing, $2.00.
er several hundred of the Socialists
of Western Ontario, and make of our
celebration an occasion for good propaganda.
It may be of Interest to say that the
prizes to the winners of the various
contests were books on Socialism,
works of writers like Marx, Dietzgen,
Unterman and otherB.
In the evening we held a propaganda meeting on the Market Square, as
also on Sunday evening, and on both
occasions Comrades Woodhouse, Stewart and Lyons of Toronto delivered the
goods. The speakers' class of Toronto
Local Is to be congratulated for turning out such "soap boxers." They gave
the revolutionary message well and
were attentively listened to by large
crowds of interested workers.
Meeting of August 16th, 1909.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Ladysmlth, Prince Rupert, Sandon, Revelstoke, and Organizer Harrington.
Warrants  authorized    for  printing,
$2.00; postage, etc., $2.50.
Sandon, stamps  $5.00
Revelstoke, stamps       2.50
Ladysmith, stamps       5.00
Vancouver, constitutions      1.00
Total    $13.50
Secretary instructed to write all Locals on approaching Provincial elections.
Al-    BERLIN,
Prince Rupert, B. C,
Editor Clarion: —
Comrade and fellow wage slave.
To all whom this may concern, be it
known that we have at present in circulation among'st a bunch of high
toned wage slaves a couple of Pamphlets foolishly designated as newspapers
who boost, bawl and scream aloud the
possibilities of a good grafter or exploiter with the necessary surplus cash
making a cheap reputation and a lot
of easy money for himself in this land
of damp days and lousy bunkhouses.
One of these crummy sheets, for everything is crummy in these high altitudes,   yea,   even  the   poor   muckers
souls, appears before the public gaze
with the high sounding title of the any  ,mrt" ln tne campalgn
"Optimist."    The general  opinion  at|juncture there an.ivea ln Port Arthur
Some one mailed me a pamphlet
from Toronto bearing the title, "The
Canadian Socialist Party and Social-
democratism." The quaint spelling
and phraseology, to one acquainted
with the Ontario movement, suggested
its Finnish origin, and it was no surprise to learn that Port Arthur was
Its birthplace. Before discussing the
subject matter of the pamphlet, I intend to refer briefly to the "tactics"
of the Local from which it emanated
during the provincial campaign of the
summer of 1908, which will show what
trusty "managers" this bunch would
be for the S. P. of C.
Ontario, in its provincial elections,
offers a peculiarly attractive fle'd for
Socialist propaganda, Inasmuch a<s no
deposit is required to nominate a <ar-
dldate. Where then were these "revolutionists to blood and death," who
declaim that "the Socialist Party must
not be a hole and corner movement,"
who now so vehemently "call on all
workers who look for their own and
Interests of the entire working class"?
These wiseacres who prate that "it
does pay to begin to learn something
from the daily visible changes" did
not recognize a golden opportunity,
even when their attention was called
to it.
Port Arthur was in a peculiar state
politically just then. The Conservatives had nominated the mayor of the
city as their standard bearer, and the
Liberals, disgraced and discredited
provincially, had not the hardihood to
put up a man in opposition to him.
They (the Liberals) did hold a convention to put a man in nomination,
but adjourned pending the outcome of
a scheme, then under way to a successful termination, had not a few class-
conscious trades unionists Interfered
on behalf of the working class. The
Socialists had no intention whatever
of putting up a man, or even of taking
At  this
Some time ago the Gait Comrades
suggested the holding of a joint picnic,
and on July 31st, a number of rebels
from Toronto, Berlin, Gait, Brantford
and Guelph gathered at Victoria Park
here, and had a "talkfest," fraternized
with each other, exchanged notes and
had a general good time.
It was a matter of some surprise,
that the crowd was not larger; hut lt
was simply a demonstration of the
fact that wage-slaves cannot always
• manage to do as they would like to,
also that railroad fares touch the poc-
ketbook. There was however a gathering of over a hundred of the Comrades ; most of them had brought their
wives or sweethearts, and the rising
generation also was much in evidence.
At 3 p. m. your correspondent had
the pleasure of bidding the visitors
welcome on behalf of the Berlin Comrades, then called on a few of the
guests, and we had the pleasure of
listening to some stirring addresses by
Comrades Faber, Woodhouse and
Stewart from Toronto, Glaspell from
Gait, Peters from Guelph. and Fogal
from Brantford.
A series of athletic events then followed, and while the Torontonlans carried off the prizes In the running races,
the Berlin "Dutchmen" showed their
staying qualities by easily defeating
a team of the visitors at a "tug of
Then In the shade of beautiful trees,
at tables nicely arranged and spread
with good things, a merry hour was
spent, and the best of comradeship prevailed.
Right here It must be said that
thanks are due to Comrades Martin,
Gies, Moorish and others, but particularly to the women, without whose
strenuous efforts the splendid success
of the picnic would have been Impossible.
It was the general feeling.that the
picnic will become an annual event,
that next year we will be able to gath-
present here in regards to this matter
is that the word "Optimist" is a high
toned word for Bulleonner, and the
dope furnished by the Capitalistic rag
assists generally in this impression
According to the individual who calls
himself the Editor of this newspaper
in Pamphlet form, this is a great part
of a great country. According to the
stiff who is writing this article, it is
the bummest and toughest part of any
country he was ever in. This Editor
plug left Ontario riding the cushions,
full of conservatism, Freemasonry and
"all-red-line" Bullcon in general. The
writer left the old sod in a stoke hole,
came west on the brake beams and
is full of Socialism, unionism and all-
red-flag dope in particular. The Editor
proclaims himself an optimist; everyone else proclaims him a peddler of the
stuff the farmers love. The author is
a pessimist in the opinion of this one-
horse ink spiller, in everyone else's
opinion he is a red revolutionary Socialist.
Your humble Is at present doing a
man's work for a slave's reward, tearing chunks out of the British Columbian scenery, doing his share In building a railway across the continent, a
worker amongst workers, a man
amongst men, and all for the benlflt
of Laurier and a few of his sldekickers,
"The Editor?" Well, as he says himself, his work never shows nor can't
endure. He keeps on spilling Ink In a
dying cause, calling tt work what
others term graft. He Is generally as
slsted by the business sharks of this
cloudy dump who furnish him with
enough dough to keep him In meal-
tickets and from looking foolish, and In
return he throws them a few bouquets
ln the shape of advertising; and he Is
an optimist and your humble Is a pessimist. Then what in the name of all
that is holy is Kingsley? Let O'Brien
explain If he can Yours ln revolt, revolution, dissolution leading towards a
solution and for Socialism all the time,
Latest crop reports seem to indicate
a harvest at least equal to last years'.
Meanwhile it is Interesting to the Socialist to watch the "theivlng Interests"
lick their chops in pleasant anticipation of the juicy amount of swag they
will swipe from Mr. Hayseed this fall.
You hear men whose labor never made
a single blade of grass grow, talking
of "our " big crop. And In truth the
crop ls thelr's for by legal process they
will pluck the poor farmer so thoroughly that he will not know what struck
him. Very few farmers are aware of
the trick that robs them of the fruits
of their labor, but when they do catch
on there will be something drop.
Will any of the readers of this paper acquainted with the circumstances attending the death of Frank Crawford or Mougin, at or near
Kamloops, B. C, on or about June 18th or 19th, communicate with
this office. He is supposed by his friends to have been employed as a
logger or river driver by the Earle Arrow Lake Lumber Co. (the name
may be incorrect). His family has received no details, nothing but a
telegraphic despatch stating that he was drowned. Those possessing
any knowledge of the sad occurrence would confer a favor on the bereaved family by complying with the above request. Write Western
Clarion, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
two members of the Party, John F.
Leheney. and the late John T. Mortimer. From Comrade L. T. English
they learned of the local situation, of
the no-deposit feature, of possible designs on the newly formed Trade Council; the two canvassed with Comrade
English the advisability of entering a
Socialist candidate. It was determined to approach the Finnish Local and
suggest their putting up a candidate.
This the Finns would not do, but promised every assistance in their power if
the three would get a Socialist to enter the contest. English and the others promised to do their best to effect
this. And circumstances developed
rapidly that gave the Socialist nomination unusual prominence, and made
possible the inauguration of a whirlwind campaign.
The recently formed Trades Council
was the nucleus around which the
fearful Liberal organization built its
hopes, trusting through lt to get one
of its creatures labor-flavored, and
march him to victory under an Independent banner. Presumably under
the council auspices, a meeting of independent voters was called and held
and a candidate nominated as an Independent Labor man. The man selected was a Mr. Geo. Mooring, a lumber
contractor, whose claim to being a
working man centered in a feat he
claimed to have performed some twenty years before of packing a tool chest
on his back from Fort William to Port
Arthur; and whose love for the wage-
earner was evidenced by a number of
suits then pending In the courts
against him by employees whose wages had not been forthcoming.
Leheney, who was at the time one
of the vice-presidents of the Trades
and Labor Congress, had been invited
to address the meeting. He refused
to make the opening speech, claiming
that at a later stage In the proceedings he would be ln a better position
to make suitable remarks. Mooring
was nominated by one trades unionist,
seconded by another, and the crowd
in the body of the hall uttered no
word of assent or dissent. The chairman, Mr. Robt. Ferguson, announced
Mooring the unanimous choice of the
meeting and again Invited Comrade
Leheney to make a few remarks,
which the Comrade proceeded to do
without any hesitation whatever. In
unmeasured terms he denounced the
frame-up, and rebuked those who undertook, without authority, to speak
for organized labor on such an occasion and promised that a genuine labor candidate would be forthcoming
before nomination day.
The speech served notice on the
tricksters that their game was discovered, and Mooring requested the president of the Trades and Labor Council
to call a meeting of unionists to consider a proposition made by him of
withdrawing from the contest and
turning over his big meeting tent and
his organization to any man they might
select as standard bearer. President
Jim Booker, one of the squarest men
ln the trades union movement, got
Mooring to repeat this offer before oth-
er unionists, and agreed to call the
meeting. Mr. Mooring came before
the meeting and consented to Btrike
the word labor from his title if they
decldsd that he should aot bear  it.
A decidedly different proposition from
his original offer to Booker. Mortimer, English and a number of others
turned themselves loose, and with
three dissenting votes in a thronged
hall, it was decided that 'Mr. Mooring
was not a fit and proper person to represent labor."
After this decision was reached an
announcement was made that a meeting would be held in Finnish Hall the
following evenln'g to organize an English-speaking Socialist Local and nominate a candidate. The meeting was
held, and Leo T. English, a true
and tried man, was nominated. Those
who know English best know that few
men are better qualified to battle on
behalf of the proletariat.
Of course the readers assume that
the Finnish Comrades were active in
bringing about the defeat of the Moor-
ing-Conmee gang ln their efforts to
use the Trades Council as a labor
mask. Well, let me assure them that
no efforts of the English-speaking Comrades could impress the Finns with
the importance of bestirring themselves. There were union men among
them, but they had an excuse to keep
them away from each of the two
meetings to which I have referred. As
social organizers they are unsurpassed, as Socialist organizers they are
a negligible quantity.
Now it so happened,- opportunely
perhaps, that a comic paper issued by
the Finns was excluded from the malls
at this time, and Jim Conmee, M. P.,
undertook to have the paper restored
to mailing privileges at the request of
Comrade English. Whether this had
any bearing or not on the actions of
the "revolutionists to blood or death,"
they turned about-face and one morning The Chronicle, a Liberal paper,
and, during the campaign, the Mooring organ, announced in scare headlines that "Finnish Socialists repudiate L. T. English."
An investigation on English's part
disclosed the fact that some pressure
had been brought to bear on the
Finns; and that, in effect, what had appeared in the Chronicle was true. He
had been repudiated without even
being given a chance to be heard In
his own behalf. A visit to the secretary's home secured a very liberal
translation of the minutes as far as
they referred to the action taken. The
secretary seemed pained by what had
taken place and did his best In the
translation to make it appear that
there was no repudiation, but there
was just the same.
The motives, and characters of "the
two strangers from the west" were
questioned by the Mooring faction, the
wires were hot with inquiries relative
to their union and political connections, and their private lives. Is any
Socialist Local in receipt of an Inquiry
telegraphic or other, from the Finnish
Port Arthur Local relative to Leo T.
English? A commendatory letter from
the Dominion secretary was riot acceptable to them.   Why?
It was a common street rumor that
Leheney got $1000 from the Conservatives to be on hand to throw the
hooks into Mooring. Just Imagine
Leheney around Port Arthur with
1,000 plunks in his jeans! Yet all of
these things these live "revolutionists"
swallowed greedily. But their English-speaking Comrades were not satisfied that their greenness was more
than assumed, and it developed later
that the then editor of Tyokansa had
been closeted with Mr. Mooring and
the Chronicle editor for the greater
part of a forenoon, and had furnished
them a copy of the motion of repudiation. He translated It for them, thus
furnlshiug the enemy with ammunition to decimate the ranks of the army
of which he himself wore the uniform.
What the inducement was he, the
Chronicle man, Mooring, and perhaps
his clique know; but Mooring was very
hungry for office and did not appear
to consider expense. Perhaps the bad
straits Into which the comic paper had
fallen might hfcve given Conmee an
opportunity, nor must we forget what
they have written Into the pamphlet
that "people yield to more marked
struggle only on account of Immediate interests"!
The editor of Tyokansa told Comrade English in my presence that we
were out on behalf of the Conservative, and had not done right in preventing Mr. Mooring'* endorsation by
the Trades Council, for he was a better man than the other, and had a
good platform. Sure enough! It was
loaded with sucker bait. Of one thing
I am satisfied that the Port Arthur
Local should have then been called
on to explain Its action and give reasons for their attack on B nominee of
the Party.   This was nol done.
Comrade Klngsley reached Port Arthur on his JJominlon tour, and some
"I attribute the falling off of marriages to ' the general depression and
to the good sense of the young men,"
said the Rev. F. Ogden, of West Seat-
on, Eng. "They are wise enough to
see that although the church tells
they are to be made one ln marriage,
two appetites cannot be satisfied at
the coBt of one."
•   *   *
The outstanding feature of capitalist
society ls profit. One class owns the
capital, the other class none, and has
therefore to sell itself to the owners
of capital. The worker gets a wage,
price of his labor power, on which he
exists.- But as the condition of the
labor market forces wages down to
the minimum point, he is wise enough
to know that he Is unable to properly support himself without taking on
his shoulders the responsibility of a
greater burden. How can a worker
contemplate marriage under these circumstances? It must be admitted
that for a large part of the working
class, this condition holds good. What
of a society that forces these circumstances into being? What of a society
that builds he towns here and she
towns there, such as we have in this
Canada of (presumably) ours! What
of a church that condones this state
of affairs; that tells the workers to
be happy and contented with their
lot In life—and that all will be well
when they have crossed the river of
LAURIE, in the Voice.
tXere and Tfow
The following resolution was passed
by Local 10 ot the S. P. of C:
Whereas, there may In the future
be a possibility of the Socialist Party
becoming a breeding ground for professional politicians.
Therefore, ln the opinion of the
members of Local No. 10 of the Socialist Party of Canada, It Is desirable that
something definite in the way of an
undertaking to do organizing and propaganda work should be obtained from
a candidate, receiving a nomination
for Parliament, to do work in this direction between sessions of the House.
Secretary Local No. 10.
Ladysmith, B. C.
The Rise of the Proletarian.
"The evolution of the conditions of
existence for a numerous, strong, concentrated and intelligent proletarian
class goes hand in hand with the development of the conditions of existence
for a numerous, wealthy, concentrated
and powerful middle class. The working class movement Itself is never independent, never Is of an exclusively
proletarian character until all the different factions of the middle class and
particularly its most progressive faction the large manufacturers have conquered political power and remodelled
the state according to their wants.
It is the that the Inevitable conflict between the employer atad the employed
becomes Imminent, and cannot be adjourned any longer; that the working
class can no longer be put off with
delusive hopes and promises never to
be realized; that the great problem of
the nineteenth century, the abolition
of the proletariat, ls at last brought
forward fairly and in its proper light.
of the kinks were straightened out,
but the damage was nol fully repaired; the wet blanket was not lifted;
and much of th" prestige the Party
might have gained was lost. And for
what?   That Is the question.
If these be the "tactics of 'Social-
democratism,' " may an ever-growing
proletarian Intelligence deliver the
Socialist Party or Canada from adopt-
lag them.
The Trading and Shopkeeplng Class.
"The Intermediate position of the
small trading and shopkeeplng class
between the class of large manufacturers, traders and capitalists, the bourgeoisie properly so-called, and the proletarian or Industrial class, determines
Its character. Aspiring to the position of the first, the least adverse turn
of fortune hurls the individuals Into
the ranks of the second. In monarchical and feudal countries the custom of
the court and aristocracy becomes necessary to its existence; the loss of this
custom might ruin a great part of lt.
In the smaller towns a military garrison, a country government, a court
of law with Its followers, form very
often the base of Its prosperity; withdraw these, and down go the shopkeepers, the tailors, Ihe shoemakers,
the joiners. Thus eternally tossed
about between the hope of entering
the ranks of the wealthier class, and
the fear of being reduced to the state
of proletarians or even paupers; between the hope of promoting their Interests by conquering a share in the
direction of public affairs, and the
dread of rousing, by ill-timed opposl-
! tlon, the ire of a government which
I disposes of their very existence, be-
, cause It has the power of removing
j their best, customers; possessed of
'small means the Insecurity of the pos-
I session of which is in the Inverse ratio
of the amount—this class is extremely
vacillating in Its views. Humble and
OTOUChlngly submissive under a powerful feudal or monarchical government.
It turns to the side of liberalism when
the middle class is in the ascendant;
It becomes seized with violent democratic fits ns soon as the middle class
has secured its own supremacy, but
falls back Into abject despondency of
feat- as soon as the class below Itself,
the prletarlans, attempts an Indepeud-
ent movement."—-Marx, "Revolution
and Counter Revolution."
Capitalist papers will sever tell the
workingclass how they can free themselves from the rule of Capital. It is
not In their Interests to do so. The
workers however, are building up a
press of their own which stands in
their interests and shows the way to
economic freedom. This paper is one
of them, and if you are a worker with
aspirations beyond hard work and
poverty all your life tt is your privilege
to assist by becoming a subscriber and
by getting as many of your fellow
workers as possible to become readers too. This struggle of the working class for liberty Is no chllds' play.
Freedom cannot be given to you, it
must be taken and the price must be
paid. So begin now by extending as
widely as possible the circulation of
your paper. The more readers of this
paper there are the more votes for
Socialism at the coming elections..
• *   * .i
"Yours with a determination to keep
everlastingly at lt," writes Comrade A.
M. Oliver from Nelson, B. C. and sends
along two yearlles.
• • *
Local Gibson's Landing, B. C. donates $5.00 towards Clarion Maintenance
fund, per Comrade Jas. Fletcher, who
states that Local 40 considers the Platform of the S. P. of C. to be alright
and in no need of amendment.
• •      Si
Comrade Jas. Rlntoul, Coqultlam,
B. C. sends along his own sub. and
also two others.
»   ♦   »
Any locals wanting that article on
"The small business man" for distribution must send in their orders at once.
The more the cheaper.
• •   •
Local-Port Moody has $3.00 to spare
for its card and Brandon renews its
•    •    •
Five yearlles from Port Essington,
B. C. per P. Garvle, and also one three
year's subscription. , •  .7 '
That's going some. ■'•"   '    ,  ' j
• •   •
Comrade Gribble rolls in a round
dozen of subB. from the towns of Salem and Amherst, N. S„ which shows
that our Comrade, with the assistance
of "Our' .Militia is doing good propaganda work.    Let 'er come.
• • •
Local Cape Breton votes $5.00 towards the Clarion Maintenance fund
and sends It per Comrade H. G. Ross,
• •   •
Comrade Harrington has another
skirmish, the result Is three more
• •   •
Readers who have not as yot sent
ln a sub. will help considerably by supplementing the efforts of the regular
rustlers with a new sub. occasionally.
• •   •
Following are the Comrades who
sent In one this week:
A Friend, Alert Bay, B. C.
W. Green, Toronto, Ont.
Monro Porter, Vancouver, B. C.
A. S. Hlggns, Brandon, Man.
C. L. Austin, Revelstoke, B. C.
Sam Larson, Lethbrldge, Alta.
F Perry, Vancouver, B. C.
R. J. Higglns, Philadelphia, Pa.
• •    Si
If you are Interested ln your material welfare you will show it by spending a few minutes of your time getting
your name put on the voters' list.: It
will not be very tong now before the
list ls closed, delay Is always dangerous.
• •   •
Some men prominent ln the Socialist movement still cling to their pet
Idea that the wage slave Is robbed as
a consummer.
• • •
If it ls In order, we might ask our
friends If the chattel slave was also
robbed as a consumer.
• •   *
Workingmen would do well to vote
themselves to a position at the safe
end of the gun before they get rebellious.
• •   •
Canada's armed thugs, commonly
colled soldiers, are doing valiant service for the Capitalist class these days
by clubbing unruly workers into subjection. "Shoot to kill" Is ihe order.
You never knew of soldiers being used
for the purpose of forcing the Capitalists to give higher wages to the workers did yon. You must like It or you
would not continue voting as you have
in the past.
• •    *
Every local should now direct Its energies towards getting ready for the
next elections. Every effort should be
concentrated towards getting the sinews of war ready and In a widespread
If there are any llfds among the
rural teachers In Canada, they should
send In their names and classes of
certificate to the Dominion Secretary,
Box S36, Vancouver, B. C. POUR
SATURDAY   AUGUST   21st   1909.
From Overseas
Edinburgh, Scotland, July 27th, 1909.
What wonders are wrought by modern invention! A few moments' ride
ln a railway train brings one out of
the very centre of the metropolis, with
its noise and bustle, into the quiet
surroundings of the country. What a
relief it was to leave smoke-begrlmed
London and gaze once more upon
green fields and bright meadows. The
Scottish express avoids the large cities
and consequently the ride northward
was an unbroken view of nature, un-
tiMhe banks of the Tyne were reached, where ships, wharves and large
industrial establishments form an unsightly, chaotic mass. After a short
stop at Newcastle, the train proceeds
northward again and soon after crossing the Tweed the heather-clad hills
of Scotland reach out on every side.
The engineer opens the throttle wide
and the train dashes along at great
speed, until at last Edinburgh comes
in sight.
Ah, Edinburgh! The beautiful! The
picturesque! What more can a tired
traveller want than to gaze upon thee,
with the bright rays of a July sun setting off thy thousand charms to advantage. Perched on the seven hills,
castles, universities, and stately buildings blend in a magnificent whole.
Truly the Scottish capital is rightly
described as the modern Athens, the
home of the bard, the seat of knowledge. The main thoroughfares are
broad, well kept avenues, lined with
handsome buildings, bewitching flower
gardens, and elegant stores and shops.
Every nook and corner abounds with
historic interest, for it was here where
ancient kings, queens and nobles led
reckless, wanton lives and it was here
where blood and tears trickled down
the hillsides into the valley below. If
the hills could but speak, what a tale
each could tell. The history of Scotland could be printed in letters of gore
and there would still be enough blood
left to print a second and a third edition. What memories crowd in of the
past. The calm peaceful streets of the
upper town look so fair that the self-
satisfied are wont to say: "Thank
goodness; the cruel days of the past
are o'er; all is happiness and prosperity now."
How I wish it were so! It is true
that those black dungeons in yonder
castle no longer contain prisoners of
state. It ls true that the executioner
no longer beheads aristocrats. It is
true the clans no longer gather for
a border fray. But as ever, cruelty,
torture and death are on every side.
In the dark, forbidding side streets
of "Auld Reekie," where the tourist
does not venture. In the damp and
gloomy tenements which are owned
by lords and dukes who never enter
them, lives a vast under-world. As
magnificent as is the upper town, so
three-fold horrible live these people
of the nether-world. Beautiful Princes
street exists because of the slum lanes
and alleys found here below. A disinherited race, many to whom all hope
is gone, Inhabits this quarter. This
race tolls, suffers and dies that a few
may live. It gives the best lt has, so
that a stately grandeur may survive.
Ijnhappy Scotland! For centuries
thou wast torn by Internal strife, and
now with the blessings of science, art
and knowledge at thy command, thy
sons and daughters must suffer untold
miseries! Truly 'tis the irony of a
cruel fate.
Now, as in former days, blood is
the price of greatness. But this cannot go on forever, and already the
end is In sight. A murmur of protest
is rising from the disinherited. It
grows louder, then subsides, only to
break out again with renewed vigor.
They sought to put lt down, but it
would not, for many of the disinherited are a tireless band of men and women who know not defeat, and day
after day they hammer ceasely away
at the shackles of Ignorance and prejudice which bind and fetter their
class. Oftentimes In their eagerness
for freedom, they outstrip one another,
then for lack of collective effort they
must halt for a time. But slowly and
surely the lessons are being learned,
and progress is ever the watchword.
A hardy, determined people have set
their minds on covering the Seven
Hills with the homes of the disinherited.    They  have  resolved  to  forever
abolish the terrible slums, now their
dwelling place. They have determined that haggard men, pale women, and
sickly children shall become a thing
of the past, and who can gainsay that
their efforts shall not be rewarded?
True, the battle is an uphill fight, but
even the Heights of Abraham were
Unemployment and low wages are
the two grim skeletons which aid the
enemy, but even these two have grown
so bulky that they are threatening to
become useless allies. The municipality reaches out with a begrudging hand
and tries to stave oft the inevitable
day. Private charity adds its curse
to the chaos and seeks to stem the
coming revolt, but like the fabled Mrs.
Partington, who sought to sweep back
the in-coming waves with a broom,
their efforts are of no avail.
The greatest hope here, like elsewhere, lays with the future generation. These young people are the
hopeful sign of the day, for they are
beginning to ask themselves why they
should have so little while they do all
the work. They are no longer satis-
fled with the slums and rags which
have been the lot o fthelr forebears.
It is amongst the growing ranks of
these where, after viewing the ugly
and beautiful spots of Edinburgh, one
finds a comforting, true spirit of comradeship that alone can be found in a
working class movement.
Like the bright morning sun driving away the mists on loch and moor,
so will these, a vigorous proletariat,
arise in bonnie Scotland and sweep
away the sorrow and misery which
now makes beautiful Edinburgh so
Yours for the Revolt,
(By E. T. Drury)
(Concluded  from  last issue.)
Mrs. Annie Besant
who was for a time with Mr.
Bradlaugh, M.P., furthering the
cause of the National Secular Society, will deliver a lecture on
Tuesday, Aegtist 24th
.  at the
Subject: "Life Here
and After Death"
Prfess-50, 35 A 25 Cento
One hundered and nineteen working-
men, lured to the Territory by misrepresentation, stranded here penniless,
with no work In sight, were shipped
out of the country Sunday, July 18th,
under circumstances that writes the
territorial administration down to the
level of a dishonest employer who refuses payment to his employees because the latter are in no position to
enforce an undisputed contract.
The merchants' and miners' association was an organization of Dawson
merchants whose avowed object was
to boom the advantages this territory
offered working men. When that association could no longer raise the salary of its agent, Arnold F. George, the
government was appealed to and it
furnished a sum of money, said to be
$500, to seid the "Prof." to the Seattle
Fair to continue his misrepresentation
from the vantage ground of that Exposition.
The "peculiar" genius of that prince
of boosters filled the country this
spring with destitute men to such an
extent that the government was compelled to open at Salvation Army headquarters a soup kitchen. The government furnished the grub; the Army
the service.
After spending nearly $1000 on the
kitchen, the authorities found the men
work to an average of 20 days each at
$4.00 per day. In addition to this being a reduction of $1 per day from the
going wages for such work, the men
were obligated to leave the Territory
on the proceeds of this employment.
The government secured a through
rate to Prince Rupert or Vancouver
for $53 per man. When to this was
added an allowance for meals in town
here, at White Horse and Skagway;
and a deduction from each man to recompense the government for its outlay on the soup kitchen, there was left
a balance coming to each man of about
$10. The men obtained no settlement,
not even a statement, ami being obligated to leave the country, and penniless, had no opportunity to demand
and enforce compliance with their original agreement.
Nor is this all. The men were herded to town and shipped out on a White
Pass steamer—despite the fact that
the local Liberals have been pretending undying hostility to the White
Pass Company; despite the fact that
through one of the councllmen the
steamer Pauline offered to guarantee
the same service given by the White
Pass for $45, instead of $55; and despite the further fact that the men
themselves wanted to walk from
White Horse to Skagway, thus cutting
the White Pass out altogether, to a
further reduction of $20 from the Pauline rate.
It   is,   therefore,   apparent:    That
these unfortunate victims of a swindle, to which the government was a
contributor, not only were defrauded
by that government of a $10 balance,
I admittedly due; but also, through the
power of that same government, those
same men were made the victims of a
$30 graft for the benefit of the White
Pass octopus.      ,
Moral:   "Vote for your masters."
At the-present time there are hundreds of workers, our brothers, sisters, fathers and sons going from town
to town, state to stale, continent to
continent, begging for an opportunity
to produce the necessities of their
lives. In these places are closed mills,
mines, factories and foundries. What
prevents them using these to produce
for themselves? The capitalist ownership. The owners say, "We will not
allow you." As there are more workers than masters, however, they have
the power to use them If they so desired; but if they did, what would happen? The owner would call on the
police and if they were not powerful
enough, the militia and other forces of
government: all to protect their properly rights against your so-called right
to live. I said, "so-called" right to
live because you have no rights unless you assert the power to enforce
them, as is seen in any strike; the
side that wins Is always the strongest
and by being the strongest is right.
"The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an. ever increasing measure of misery and degradation." Take for instance the improved farming implements; have they
lightened the load of the farmer? No,
they have made him more slave than
ever. Is the iron moulder's life any
better because of the improved machinery? No, worse. The unskilled
man now competes with him. So we
see the rich growing so rich that they
find trouble in investing their surplus. They can't spend it all on themselves and we read how they are endowing universities, having public racing stables with retinues ,of pimps,
jockeys and trainers. These are the
people, who, we are told, on account
of their brains, are now our masters
The worker, on the other hand,
sees his wife and children going to
the mill and factory while he hunts
for a job. Throughout this so-called
Christian civilized world to-day, great
armies of unemployed workers are
begging for work; armies of men, women and children are in the bread
lines accepting miserable charity from
their hard-working philanthropic masters. Our daughters and sisters, with
every spark of true womanhood crushed out of them, huddled together in
the red light districts of every city in
the world, sell their souls instead of
their labor-power, in order that they
may live. Then, too, there are the
men of our class in the mining and
lumber camps, never knowing what it
is to have a home.
The individuals of the class, which,
by its ownership of the tools of production, is able to extract profits from
ns, have their town houses, country
houses, house boats and yachts. They
take trips to Europe in the huge
ocean liners the working class' built,
while hundreds of working class families huddle like cattle in the steerage
going from country to country to seek
a master. While we watch our wives
and children either starve or work
themselves to death, they revel in luxury. But the workers are awakening;
we shall rise in our might directly we,
as a class, desire to live.
The interest of the working
class lies in freeing itself from
capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage system, under
tion." You can plainly see the Interests of the class that works are opposed to the interests of the class that
works us. We want as much of our
product as possible. They give us.the
smallest share they can. The worker
who produces Is the only one robbed;
when a man does not produce, you
can't rob him of anything. This robbery is covered by the fact that we
are paid wages for what we do, but,
on Investigating, we find that the
worker only receives a portion of
what he produces. We know he Is
only given permission to work on condition that he surrenders all to the
owners of the tools. On this the man
who is working and the unemployed
will agree. The employed man is being robbed while he is working; the
unemployed worker ls denied a'ccess
to the tools of production because the
robbers don't desire to rob him.
Accomplishing the revolution necessitates the transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth
production, into collective or working
class property. That ls, all property
used now to exploit labor must be owned collectively by the workers, who
use it, thus making themselves truly
free, for when they need necessities,
they will have an opportulty to produce them.
"The Irrcspresslble conflict of Interests between  the  capitalist and  the
worker  is  rapidly   culminating  In  a
struggle for the possession of the powers of government:   the capitalist tn
hold, the worker to secure by pnlltlcn'
action.    This  is  the  class strug^'e"
To-day we see in all struggles between
workers and capitalists,    the govern
ment is used to keep the workers t-
subjectlon.   The Intelligent worker r
allzes that, in a strike, he is not flgh
lng his  boss,  but  some unemployec
wage-slave, who now takes this opportunity to sell his labor-power; proving that the trade union has been unsuccessful in organizing more workers than there are jobs for. In some
cases the court issues an injunction
restraining the strikers from picketing.
The judge issuing this injunction gets
his power from the elected representatives of the people, from the very men
on strike. The working class, therefore, organized a class-conscious party
ln order that it may elect working
men to the law chambers to make a
new right; to use all the forces of
government in their own interests.
In doing so they will be enabled to
organize all workers, for whether employed or not, they have the same Interest. If working, they are being
robbed by the capitalist class; If not,
it is because they can no longer be
employed profitably by this class, who
have denied them an opportunity to
live. One interest we have—as a class
—to be able to get the full social product of our toil or Its equivalent.
The capitalists, alive to their interests, have organized two political parties with different names: In Canada,
Grits and Tories; in the United States,
Democrats and Republicans, and so in
most places. Two parties, standing
for capitalism, Vho for the workers'
amusement, call one another thieves,
rogues and liars (and In this we will
agree with both), but taking good care
they are capitalists. Of course, occasionally a trade unionist is nominated
who believes that "labor has rights,
as well as capital," and who is in favor of some remedial legislation in the
interests of the masses. But, to-day,
legislation must be in the interest of
one class and the only way to act for
our class is to understand its position,
and stand with it under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with
the object of conquering public powers
for the purpose of enforcing the economic programme of the working class
as follows:
"The transformation as rapidly as
possible of capitalist property in the
means of wealth production (natural
resources, factories, mills, railroads,
etc.), into the collective property of
the working class." Some say this is
impossible, as the capitalist would refuse to hand over these things, even
if made public property legally; but
it has already been done. To-day the
trains would run on time If every
shareholder and director died in an
hour. All we have to do is to cease
paying them dividends and say, "If
you want to eat, work." These rail-
roods, as with all other industries, are
now operated by the workers, using
both brain and hand.
"The democratic organization and
management of industry by the workers." This is only doing with industry what we have already done with
politics giving the workers a chance
to say how things should be run. Of
course we realize that, even the ballot ls denied a number of workers, including our wives, daughters and sisters, but we stand for complete democratic management, by giving all workers, irrespective of sex, a voice. Not
because women have a right to this,
but because it is in our Interest.
'The establishment as speedily as
possible, of production for use instead
of production for profit." This would do
away with the factory Inspector, pure
food Inspector, adulterated goods, shoddy materials, poorly lighted and badly
ventilated tenements; as these are all
products of the profit system. Again,
there would never be any overproduction while there was one bare back
or one empty stomach.
You will say, "What are we going
to do until we accomplished this?
Would it not be well to make things
brighter?" We reply, "The Socialist
Party when in office shal always and
everywhere, until the present system
is abolished, make the answer to this
question Its guiding rule of conduct.
"Will this legislation advance the Interests of the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism?" If it
will, the Socialist Party Is for It, If it
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it." This should satisfy every Intelligent worker, who realizes, that until we have the power
we can't legislate; but as soon as we
are powerful enough to legislate at
all we can get what we want; the cooperative commonwealth.
In the meantime, it ls up to us to
organize and strengthen our position
ln Parliament, so the powers thaLbe
will continually throw us reforms ln
their attempt to satisfy, but let us,
like the wolves, devour all we get, and
continue In the hunt for the lot.
Workers, It is up to you. Join with
us and organize In order that we may
educate our class and usher in the
co-operative commonwealth while we
are yet young.
We are In this movement to help
ourselves and realize that to do this
we must help our class.
Workers, get busy.
What to Read on Socialism
BxCbHlu H. Kerf, MWor of ttw lolerneUongl
Socialist Iterlew. Blfbtr bMnUfullr t'loUf
ran*, with mu> ponnra oi •oelalM writes*.
fJSodM. eliple coode. eletemeot ofU.«»rtl|.
dplM ot soMsllsffl. 0»WlWf)_"lM*
10 mailed for Mo i M0 for «.»| 1,000 tor W*
"'hBfttwff Oh&Sft III.
Socialist Patty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of tbe means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist   an    ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure It by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system is abolished, make tbe answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers In
. their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party ls for It; If it will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
itself to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
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