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Western Clarion Oct 12, 1912

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Subscription Price ai  AA
PER YEAR        3H.UU
From the Simple to the Complex Mankind Moves
Ever Forward Towards the Goal of a Completer
Knowledge and a Higher Life.
The theory of organic evolution has
been so firmly established, ln the
light ot empirical science, as practl-
call to compel the assent of every informed and open mind. High dignitaries of the church have been persuaded of its truth; and some of
them have made extraordinary attempts to show that the Mosaic account ot creation coincides in every
main particular with the revelations
of modern science. TheBe attempts
have not been very convincing. They
nevertheless afford very Interesting
evidence of the decay of superstition,
and the extent of Its replacement by
more rational conception of the universe. '
The evidence in support of the belief that the various forms of lite upon
the earth gradually evolved from lower forms is very conclusive. Darwin
supplied almost every link in the
chain of evidence required to establish beyond cavil the fact of man's
growth or evolution from a lower
stag* ln the scale of life. Whatever
gaps he left have since been filled by
later scientists. Man's kinship with
the animal world, and his immediate
descent from the higher primates—
the anthropoid apes—are no longer
matters of controversy among scientists. They command universal acceptation.
And just as man haa descended (or,
if you like, ascended) from the higher
anthropoids, so they in their tujm may
be traced through still lower animal
forms, until we arrive at the lowest
organism to be found upon the earth,
the "unicellular protist" (Haeckel).
It is only fair to say, however, that
here we meet with an obstacle. The
origin of life upon this planet has not
yet been satisfactorily explained. This
Is not to affirm, mark you, that no explanation is possible. Only that so far
as we have gone, our knowledge will
not solve us this riddle.
A necessary postulate of this theory
of man's ceaseless evolution from the
simple to the complex, and his eternal advancement toward yet higher
(things, ls his continued progress in
the future toward the goal of perfection. But, while we may believe in
the ultimate perfectibility of mankind,
we must not assume too hastily that
at any given moment mankind is happier, nobler, wiser than mankind has
ever been before. Human progress
appears to consist more in a succession of waveB, which flow on, then recede, to gather impetus for yet another forward surge of the tide, which
again draws back, to repeat the process indefinitely. Or If you prefer
It this way: Progress follows an undulating, ascending line (George), the
trend of which is ever upward, and
which always registers a mean gain,
yet the undulations carry us far below, as well as above the point of
mean advance.
Apparent contradictions to the theory of continuous human progression
disappear in the light of this theory.
We all know that there is more misery
in the world today than there was
two hundred years ago. The iron heel
of capitalism grinds the faces of the
poor more cruelly than did the heel of
finny previous despotism. Capitalism
». lireeds poorer specimens of humanity
i than feudalism did. Chattel slavery
saw to it that the unfit did not procreate too abundantly. But capital
cares not for the physique of its
slaves. A machine will produce the
wealth, granted only a pair of hands
to tend the machine. So the capitalist cares not what kind of a body accompanies those hands. No skill nor
strength is needed to move a shuttle
back and forth; or to take a lard can
from beneath a spout, and put another
in its place. Neither does the capitalist care how long hlB slaves live. He
does not want them after they are
forty anyway. Indeed, the position of
.the average working man may be contrasted unfavorably with the position
i0f any barbarian of the wild. For
the savage having free access to the
bounties of nature, knows that If he
be hungry, he will not be hungry long.
Experience assures him that night will
not fall without bringing some deer or
other form of game within reach of
his weapons.   But the civilized wage-
slave may only eat bo long as he has
a job. Let him lose that, and he
knows not when he may eat again.
Sometimes he gets bo few chances to
eat, after losing his job, that he gives
up the ghost in despair. Every jobless
workingman knows that'every meal he
misses renders the possibility of his
getting another job more remote. His
power to labor, that most perishable
of commodities, deteriorates. He becomes unemployable. Two million are
In this position in Oreat Britain today.
Do you realize what that means? A
mass of humanity, exceeding ln num
ber a third of the population of Can
ada, relies upon charity for sustenance from day to day. There ls no
place for theBe people in the scheme
of things. Society does not want
them, and would prefer that they
wore dead.
It is possibly true that this unemployed army ls formed of the least
efficient among tbe workers. That is
not the point. The point is that It
exists; and forms a picture of misery
in which there gleams no ray of hope.
But let us remember that the darkest hour is just before the dawn. The
wave seems to have receded far this
time. Perhaps it ts preparing for a
mighty surge ahead, that shall. In Its
onward rush, sweep this misery with
its accursed cause, capitalism, deep
into the blackest pit of oblivion. Let
us solace ourselves with the reflection
that surely we have touched the lowest point in our undulating line, and
when once the upward roll commences,
never again shall humanity sound the
depths of wretchedness it has sounded under the evil dominance of capitalism. When competition, with its
Inevitable fostering of the beast-like
qualities ln men shall have passed
away forever, mankind may progress
to heights as yet undreamed of.
The prospect is very fair. We call
lt Socialism.
A. P. C.
Local Cumberland, No. 70—
Peter Zanoni    ? 29.10
Thomas Hartley   7.10
Joseph Naylor    11L76
Local Crawford Bay, No. 72—
J.  E.  McGregor     1-00
Wm. Bayllss  4-2&
Local   Montreal,  No.  1—
A. E. Fay    1-00
P. Faughnan   1-60
Local St. Catherines, No. 30—.
D. Thomson   3.95
H. Beattie 35
A. H. Grewar    70
Local Medicine Hat, Lettish—
P. Krumin    7.25
Local Reglna, No. 6—
Sid  Mork    1-85
F. Bliss   1-50
Local  Content,  No. 40—
Geo.   Paton    35
Local   Vancouver,   No.  69—
Colin   McDonald     7.10
W.   Watts     4.50
A.   McDonald     1.00
Local Greenwood, No. 9—
James  Cuthburtson     15.50
J. Bone, Clayton, B. C  10.00
Andrew Manson, Nelson, B. C 5.00
II.   Ji   B.  Harper,   Hardy  Bay,
B   C  1.00
T. B. Miles, White Man's Creek,
B.  C  2.00
J.  Mclnnis,  So.   Fort   George,
B.  C  2.00
Previously  Acknowledged     22.35
Total    '.....$142.20
Leaving Coleman on the 9th of October, he wlll proceed along the following route: Michel, Fernie, Crawford Bay, Nelson, Ymir, Slocan City,
Silverton, Sandon, Nakusp, Edgewood,
Trail, Rossland, Grand Forks, Greenwood, Naramata, Kelowna, White
Man's Creek, Vernon, Enderby, Mara,
Salmon Arm, Kamloops, Merrltt, and
Vancouver. Other places will also be
visited. If you can arrange for a
meeting between these places write
us at once.
A case presenting pathetic features
was heard at the North Sydney Police
court yesterday, when Albert Osborne,
a youth from Chatswood, was charged
under the Defence Act with falling to
attend his drllib as a cadet. When
asked to plead he boldly stated that
he would sooner go to gaol than do
the drills. The magistrate (Mr. Love)
quietly told the boy that he was doing
his case no good by expressing himself
ln that fashion, but the lad reaffirmed
his expressed determination. Then, by
way of explanation, and probably also
with the Idea of modifying the severity of the judicial rebuke, he informed
the court that both his father and
mother were dead—the latter only
four months—and that he and a brother were the Sole support of a family
of eight brothers and sisters, all under 16 years of age. He said he had
a good character from his employer,
but his hours of labor were long, and
when he reached home at night he
was tired out, and was hardly able to
perform the duties which devolved
upon him of looking after the house
and its young Inmates until they went
to bed. The magistrate admitted that
on the statement of the defendant the
case was a hard one, and he was
sorry for the position in which he
was placed, but he had to administer
the Act. The defendant cadet again
flatly reiterated that If the Court ordered him tb put in the requisite drills
he would not do so, and would put
up with the consequences. The magistrate replied that that was a matter
for himself to consider, and ordered
him to make up the deficiency in bis
drills, and pay six shillings costs. The
lad declared that he could not pay the
costs, but the magistrate declined to
discusB that aspect of the case.
The foregoing ls taken from the
"S. M. Herald," ot August 30, and is
not an isolated case. Dozens of such
cases have been before the courts it
lustratlng the folly of the Conscrip-
Act, and the lack of discrimination in
the officers charged with its administration. The magistrates who inflict
fines and costs ln such cases are blinded by patriotic militarism. How does
a magistrate—who declines to "discuss
that aspect of the case"—imagine a
boy, placed in    the    above    clrcum-
Together with the news that several
thousand Lawrence workers went out
on a demonstration strike, that free
bread ls to be abolished in restaurants,
that Harriman personally Bent Bliss
$50,000, and that the mother ot twenty-
seven children sued her husband because last week he gave her only
$1.55 to support ber and the younger
ones of the brood, comes the consoling information that nine pedigreed
toy dogs came over in a first class,
cabin suite op the steamship Merlon.
That is not the way pur Immigrants
come, those sturdy sons of toil who,
having received their final papers, are
so patriotically appealed to at campaign time.
But theae nine-, dogs were "worth",
$5,000, or, as the statistical tables, say,
$555.55 each. However, each immigrant is "worth" an "average" pf only.
$37, or thereabouts. But the toy dogs
will be salable at a certain fixed
price, very speedily, and they must be
sold soon to be worth anything at all.
But the human beings will be salable
from day to day, and the pftener they
are sold the more they will be
"worth,' not to themselves, but to
those who buy them,
While this is not the reason why
one comes over in a first .cabin suite
and the others crowd into a loathsome
steerage, It is interesting to note the
difference in value when-they arrive
here. Some of the men and women ln
the steerage will have to work mighty
hard to support those dogs ln the luxury to which they became accustomed
on their transatlantic trip and that
was natural to them, because they
were pedigreed, whereas moat of the
immigrants have not a pedigree to
their names.—New York Call.   |
Comrade E. T. Klngsley will speak
in Nanaimo, Sunday,   October,    the
stances, is going to find money with
which to pay costs? The magistrate
Is practically telling the boy that he
niuft get the money, no matter how
he gets it. Only men drunk and stupi-
fied with the poison of militarism
would refuse to consider any aspect of
such cases as the above.—International Socialist, Sydney, Aus.
It Presages the Ending of Capitalism, With Its Mansions and Luxury for Masters and Husks and
Hurts for Slaves.
The burning question is Coffee and
-or Porterhouse.
In addressing these lines to the
members of the working class in
Vancouver the Socialist Party of Canada wishes to state its position in no
uncertain manner regarding the relation of the working class to modern
The eventual entry of the Socialist
Party into city politics in Vancouver
will mark a step forward In the proletarian movement of this city In its
endeavor to educate all workers to
their true position In society and the
necessity of gaining control of the
political administrative machinery in
all Its branches.
At some not very far distant date
the whole of the complex system of
modern society, industrial and social,
local and national, wlll fall into the
hands of the workers, and for that
the workerB must be prepared. The
time to attack these administrative
machines and prepare to handle these
functions Ib now.
Out from the confuBlon and turmoil
of modern Bo-called politics there
stands the platform of the revolutionary Socialist, from which there is
no deviation and from which no
planks can be stolen to bolster up attempts to perpetuate the modern system of wage-slavery and exploitation.
The issue at stake Is simple—very
simple—and this manifesto is issued
to once more call your attention to
the cause of all our grievances and
our fierce struggle for existence under
what ls generally known as capitalism.
In order to he free members of a
free society we muat own those things
which are necessary for our existence.
We do not own these things, (the
natural resources and machinery of
production and distribution) consequently we are not free.
There are two distinct classes in
modern society and one class controls
the other by virtue of the fact that
It owns the worker's means of life.
The former we call capitalists and the
latter wage-slaves.
The term wage-slave is applied to
those who have no property rights in
the means of productions and are consequently compelled to work for those
who have. Any man compelled by necessity or by physical force to a cer
tain, line of action, is a slave to that
condition. A man compelled to sell
his labor-power to the capitalist class
for wages ls a wage-slave.
The  Socialist Party is    in    revolt,
against this condition and Intends, as |
soon as strong enough, to seize  the
powers of government and thereby put
an end to capitalist ownership of society's means of existence.
Then the products of the worker's
collective labors will belong collectively to the workerB.
Then there will be no capitalist class
to <ake all the products of labor and
d>al out iu return wages barely suffl-
cit.a lo keep the workers In working
Then those who do not wish to
work, and yet would live on the best
that society produces, will have the
alternative of doing their share of
useful  work or starving.
Then, what ls now the wage-slave
class, wlll be free and not until then.
Then classes will be no more.
In the meantime the Socialist Party
stands, primarily for education, secondly for those things which tend to
move the masses of the workers In
the direction of this revolution t>y
showing them that by united action
things can be done.
The Socialist Party does not pretend that, by capturing the municipal
administrative machine alone, any
fundamental difference can be made
in the workers' position In this city.
If the Socialist Party enters a municipal campaign lt does so for the
purpose of furthering its work of education among the workers and arousing them to serious participation in
all legislative and administrative
functions with the purpose in view of
assuming full and complete control of
all social and industrial activities.
The fight Is now on in earnest between the capitalist class and the
working class, and every vantage
point must be attacked by the latter,
and captured if possible, if the wage-
slaves are to free themselves from
Any advantage that can be won by
the workers ln this fight is In line
with human progress and we call
upon the workers to get ready for the
The question has been asked, and. no
doubt will be asked by a great many
because it is a subject which ls being
put before the people on every hand.
There are lots of workers who know
Instinctively tbat lt IsC K., but could
not give a definition,
If you were to stop ten people on
the'Street and ask them if they were
satisfied with present conditions, they
would nearly, all say ''No," and if you
questioned them further as regards.a,
remedy they would probably say a
change of government would be a good
thing; as most .people: only look at
effects and never look for the cause.
Socialism is the .hope of the awakening working, class. By a careful
study of it we learn the causes of all
the distress, poverty and crime we tee
around us on every.band. .An enlightened, proletarian could not vote Conservative, as he has found out that he
has. nothing worth, conserving. He
could not vote Liberal, for he has long
since found out that they are false
friends. There are thousands of men
and .women In Canada who do not
own a home and often are, like the
lowly Nazarene, without a place to
lay their heads, and who would think
it a luxury it they had. the price of
their next meal ln their pocket.
The Socialist is one who has broken
away from the old traditions taught us
by the schools, the prostitute press
and the pulpit,, and started a new political party which stands tor revolution. Reform has been and is impotent in,so far as freeing the worker
from slavery is concerned.
We have been taught that to carry
a gun and go to war and shoot down
our fellow workers, is patriotic, but
we say lt is a lie, that the only true
patriotism is to be true to your own
class interests.
The old parties have gone empire
mad and prate about national lines
and that Is where they show their
class interests, for there ls no safer
method of retaining the ownership of
the meanB of life than by keeping the
workers of the various countries at
war with each other. In the rush to
get profits the capitalist class has done
away with national lines, but they insist that the workers recognize them.
One thing which ls very necessary
to keep the present system alive is
war. By it all the surplus commodities can be filtered off and production
can then go ahead, therefore it is necessary to keep the workers at loggerheads for if they did not, who
would fight the wars? Would the capitalist? Why don't you get wise, you
of the blue jeans and shoddy stuff?
Socialism teaches us that it is
through the ownership of the means
of life that the master class get their
power. They also own the state. It
also teaches us that if we wish to retain for our own use the wealth we
create, we must gain control of the
state. Then we can transfer the ownership to our own class. Some cry
out, "Oh, that is confiscation." We do
not care what lt is called, for did not
labor create everything of value and
should It then belong to a class who
does no labor? It should belong "to
the producers, and no doubt will iu
the near future.
The right to own anything is the
might, If the state gives you title
deeds to anything then the state will
back you up in the ownership with
all the power they can muster; that
is why the scientific Socialist fights
on the political ileld trying to get control of the state.
The working class Is the only useful class, they produce all value; the
capitalist today is a parasite. Rockefeller, when under oath a few years
ago, said he had not been in the offices
of tho Standard Oil Co. for eleven
years, which proves that the workers
run the oil company. They build mansions for the parasitic rich and live
in huts themselves, provide all the
good things of life for their masters
whilst they cat the husks. When, oh
when, will they get wise? "?ou with
the collar and tie who think you are
made ot better earth than the other
Thc study of Socialism teaches us
that everything ls produced for profit. The railways were not built to
carry freight, but to pay dividends.
ClotheB are not made to keep people
warm, but to pay profits, and so all
along the line. It also teaches ns
that lhe.day has arrived when thla
should be changed; that the working
class should produce, wealth (or their
own. use., fhen when, we own coUeo- ,;
tivejy the machinery of production and
produce for use Instead of for profit, "
wage slavery will be abolished and
humanity will step forth free to have
access to the means of life because
each is a shareholder in the ownership.
Some Antl-Sooiallat "Arguments."
"It will break up the home," pipes
up the white slaver, as he sees his
.easy living slipping; away from' blm.
Quite so, kind friend. Socialism wilt
break up a few homes. It wlll break
up the home of a thousand rooms occupied by the multi-millionaire. It
.will break up a few of the "orphans'
homes," now kept going to provide
fat jobs for doddering old "charity
workers" who ought to be earning an
honest living instead of skinning the
breakfast of fatherless babes in order
to win kind words for their "economy"
from capitalist committees. It will
break up a few houses of prostitution;
but for the worker it will provide the
fairest homes and his hands will care
to build, or that his labors for society
will entitle him to own.
"It has been tried and failed,"
barks the antideluvlan ape who does
not know yet that machinery has been
discovered, and that, If we let lt, machinery will now practically do the
work of the world.
"Who will do the dirty work?"
gasps the carefully manicured manikin of the pink tea and the drawing-
room. Well, little one, It wouldn't
hurt you or your kind to do a little ot
the dirty work that the working class
have been forced to do through the
"It wlll mean free love!" gasps the
keeper of the house of prostitution.
Well, why not free love In preference
to purchased love? Isn't It about time
tbat love was free instead of being
the exclusive property of the man
with a bank roll? Isn't it about time
that men and women should have a
chance to live and love and have their
being in freedom and content? Free,
not only to love, but to marry as well,
and to establish happy homes, where
the wives would not be forced to sell
themselves to pay the grocery bill;
nor the daughters forced to go into
department stores, which have been
rightly called "the front gate to hell."
How many young men would like to
marry right now, but know that they
can't afford to keep wives? The full
product of their labor—Socialism—
would mean to these men a chance to
marry, Instead of Hie lives they lead
"Everybody would he a slave of the
Slate," remarks Hie fat-browed jasper
whose head aches every time be tries
to think. So, If the workers had the
chance to own the tools of production, ami bail a chance to vote on the
boss of the shop as they now vote for
Mayors and dog catchers, we'd all be
slaves, would we? Well, then, little
pimple on the face of the earth, we'd
just vote ourselves  free.
Say, aren't the "arguments" against
Socialism a ridiculous lino of slush
to try to put ove ron grown-up people? When they spring any of those
things on you, you can set It down as
a fact that they pick you out for a
mental featherweight.—Buffalo Socialist.
Propaganda  Meeting
Comrade H. M. Fitzgerald will speak
ln the City Theatre, Sunday, October,
the 13th.    Doors open 7.30 p.m.
St. Catherines Local No. 30
To members, Socialists, and Clarion readers, in the St. Catherines district, all are requested to attend tho
business meetings on Fridays at 8
p.m., and propaganda meetings on
Sunday at 8.15 p.m. Be a Socialist
all the time.
Secy. Local No. 30. PAGE TWO
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St., Vancouver, B. C.
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"-*" thla number Is on It, your su
•orlptlon   expires   the   next  issue.
Under the rule of capital, industry
is carried on for the sole purpose of
bringing grist to the mill of the capitalist.
This grist is called profit.
Profit is merely something that is
gotten for nothing.
In order that capitalists may get
something for nothing workers must
get nothing for something.
The profit accruing to the masters of
wealth production is measured in the
material things produced by those
whose labor carries on the industrial
Into these material things ls coined
the very lives of the laborers.
They produce the wealth; their masters, the capitalists, take it.
That is how the latter obtain their
sacred profits, from which they wax
sleek and rotund in appearance and
great In power and pomposity.
What the capitalist gets costs him
nothing; the wage-slave pays the bill.
A similar happy arrangement once
existed between the chattel slave and
his master.
Later on it was the same between
feudal lord and serf.
Now tt is the capitalist and the wage
The capitalist is master; the worker
a slave.
This modern slave gets his wages,
which are equivalent to the cost of
his "keep" while he works.
When he has no master,' 1. e., Job, he
gets nothing.
His wages being paid out of the product of his own labor and that of his
fellow Blaves, it may be truthfully said
the slave pays his own wages.
This is in turn, equivalent to working for nothing and boarding himself.
The profits of the master also "come
from the product of the slave's labor.
We claim that the D. B. C. are
responsible, and further we claim that
by failing to publish results, the
D. E. C. went back on their motto,
"No Compromise, and No Political
This we consider is sufficient reason
for our withdrawal.
Signed on behalf of Brandon Local,
T. MELLALIEU, Cor.  Sec.
A little less than a year ago a convention was held in this city, principally for the purpose of dealing
with the matter of a controversy that
had arisen in Nanaimo between Comrade J. H. Hawthornthwaite and
other members of Local Nanalmo. As
matters developed at this convention
it became clear that no Inconsiderable
number of those participating in it
were far more interested in reform
matters than In anything of a revolutionary character. Besides dealing
with the Nanaimo controversy the
convention took upon itself the task
of rearranging and readjusting the
Party's well-known revolutionary program so as to bring it more to the
liking of those whose conception of
progress had as yet led them no
farther than palliatives and reforms.
A fancy variety of palliatives and
patchwork reforms were introduced
and passed by this convention, utterly regardless of the fact that lt was
only a provincial body and had not
been called for the purpose of revising the program and policy of the
Socialist Party of  Canada.
In a weak moment the D. E. C.
compiled the results of the convention
and submitted to the Party membership about as choicely ridiculous a
string of measures and proposals as
was ever conjured forth in the name
of Socialism. The returns of the vote
upon this truck, as near as could
be determined owing to the crude
and careless manner in which some
of the results were compiled and sent
In, seemed to show that at least a
good portion of these ridiculous propositions had been carried. As these
returns did not reach the office of
the D. E. C. until after Jan. 1, 1912,
they came into the hands ot a new
executive committee upon which were
several comrades who were not members of the old committee at the time
the convention stuff was sent out.
This new committee decided that, inasmuch as the result of the vote was
a repudiation of the straightforward
and uncompromising attitude maintained by the Party since its inception, and a complete abandonment of
all pretense to place in the revolutionary movement of the international
working class, it would not haul down
the flag of revolution in obedience to
either the vote referred to or any
That the entire job of overturning
the Party's program and bringing
upon the earnest revolutionists of
Canada the stigma of having been
forced to surrender to the puny attack of self-appointed saviors and reformers, was a well-calculated scheme
This represents the price the slave
payg for the privilege of working for'^"^^ by th08e who    wiahe(-
nothing and   'keeping'  himself. | aboye everythlllg el      to „estroy th,e
The masters are few; the slaves are|Hoclal|gt Party of Canada> or turn it
many.fBBBj : from its purpose, was well known to
the members of the present D. E. C.
The former could not retain their
soft snap without the latter's consent.
Periodically the slaves have, in most
This knowledge was confirmed by the
action of the locals that were chief
countries, an opportunity to withdraw i ,   ,       ,    „        .       i       -i       .
conspirators in tile enterprise. Almost
their consent. I the  hee]|j  Qf    the    convention
This is termed an election of public  .,        .   ., , .       ... .
i these bodies commenced to withdraw
officials. ^^^^^^^^^^mmm
Most of the slaves refuse to withdraw their consent.
They are quite satisfied to work for
nothing, "keep" themselves and pay
through the nose for the proud privilege.
The masters are equally willing they
This affords a striking Illustration of
the "identity of interest between capital and labor."
Thc willing slave Is merely an ass
with hind legs only.
As the four-legged ass is not altogether willing to pack his load, certain
apologies are due him for dragging
his name Into the controversy.
He Is hereby assured that no Insult
was intended.
lt requires something else besides
his   unsufferablc   ignorance     to  hold |
him to his task.
All of which Is greatly to his credit.
Hut as to the ass
with hind legs only, probably nothing
could be either said or done that would
call for an apology.
Comrade Editor,
At our last business meeting I was
Instructed to send you the following
statement: In Clarion, No. 686, there
Is a letter from 1J. H. Fillmore, relating to the attitude of Brandon local
to the S. P. of C.
Comrade Fillmore considers that
we ought to give reasons why we
withdrew from that body, by stating
our case in the "Western Clarion."
This we now ask permission to do,
and stating it briefly, we are of the
opinion that the S. P. of C. have compromised with the reformers. Last
winter a referendum vote was taken,
aa to what attitude to take on some
"immediate demands." From information received, we know that the
reform element carried the day, but
the result was not published in the
from the S. P. of C. and affiliate with
the S. D. P., where they quite properly belong, and where they would
', have gone long since had they not
been so insistent upon scuttling the
S. P. of C. flrst.
By this passing of a number of
locals (chiefly non-English speaking)
over to the S. D. P. a considerable
portion of the vote which nullified
the revolutionary program thus cut itself from the roll of membership in
the S. P. of C. This, In itself, furnishes additional justification for the
refusal of the D. E. C. to haul down
the flag.
This ls the flrst time In our experience that a refusal to surrender
has been construed as an act of compromise. Be that as it may, however,
the present D. E. C. standB by the
program of the Socialist Party of
Canada as laid down in its platform
and other articles of faith, and lt does
not propose to abandon that position
though all the reformers this side of
hades bawl themselves black in the
face thereat. That Local Brandon sees
flt to denominate such action a compromise with the enemy, in no way
shakes the committee in Its determination to maintain the revolutionary position of the Party and hold Its standard aloft to the breeze.
If the Socialist Party of Canada
goes down to defeat it will do so at
the hands of an enemy that fights
ln the open. It will not lower Its flag
at the behest of the slimy reptiles that
crawl forth from the cesspool of reform and wriggle their vile schemes
In the dark. It will not be swerved
from Ub path by the protests of those
who mistake the placing of the Iron
heel upon a snake's neck for an act
of compromise and treason.
Don't wait till we cut you  off the
mniling    list    before  renewing  your
sul).   Take a look at the yellow label
) on the paper; if the number on It Is
! 600  your sul).  expires next  week.
Marx himself once wrote, "Labor
not the source of all wealth. Nature
is just as. much the source of use
values (and it is of these that matter-
ial wealth consists) as is labor, which
is itself the manifestation of a natural
force—human labor power." And in
distinguishing in this way between
human labor power and labor, Marx
cleared away a great difficulty at the
be-jiiining of his investigation. Marx
in talking about surplus values was
not saying anything that was new.
Other political economists had said
the same thing. But by differentiating
labor power from labor and by Insisting upon social labor incorporated in
commodities as the constituent of
value in exchange, Marx made a great
advance upon his predecessors,
The remarkable part of it is that
anyone should ever have had any
doubt about the exploitation of labor
under the wage system. There never
could have been any doubt under slavery that the whole of the product less
what it took to sustain the slaves
went into possession of the slave owner. The same applied to the serf under
feudalism, with three or four days for
himself and two or three for his master—the value of his labor over and
above his own maintenance went into
the hands of his feudal lord. Under
the family system of production, it
was only the surplus over and above
the family's own requirements that
went into exchange; but under capitalism production for exchange has become the rule and not the exception.
That social labor embodied in commodities and the amount necessary
for their production does on the average govern value in exchange becomes very apparent if we eliminate
the ups and downs of supply and demand in any given society and take
the case of labor power applied to
producing a particular commodity
from the same raw material with simple hand labor and with perfected machinery. Assuming the articles turned out to be of exactly the same quality, it becomes apparent at once that
they 'will exchange with other commodities on precisely the same level,
though the one, deducting the raw ma<-
terlal in both cases, may have cost
ten or twenty timse the amount of
individual expenditure of labor power
that was demanded by the other. This
simple illustration taken from a writer in the Pall Mall Gazette shows how
the social evaluation, relatively to
other commodities, comes behind the
producers, unknown to them, and establishes the value of their products
in exchange.
We perceive then that it is the ab
solutely necessary quality of abstract
social human labor embodied in commodities that determines their value.
Now, lt ls perfectly clear that on the
average exchange is conducted on an
equality, and it makes no difference
whether money comes in to facilitate
the exchange or not. Nobody ever
could argue that equality of exchange
produced wealth: Neither does inequality of exchange produce wealth,
unless it would be pretended that we
produced wealth by passing it around.
The circulation of commodities does
not increase their value except Insofar as Increased labor is required for
the circulation.
Commodities sell, on the average,
when disturbing factors are eliminated, on the basis of the socially necessary human labor embodied in them
The capitalist is able to buy the materials, coal, oil and the like, and last
of all, the labor power. Labor embodied in articles of no utility has no
value. Labor ls only of value when
embodied in articles of utility.
The form in which the purchase of
his labor power appears to the worker
Is somebody employing him and paying him wages with which to live
When the workers sell their labor
power to the employer for a day,
week or month, they are selling to
their masters their power to work for
that master, and they become wage
slaves. That the present system is a
form of slavery workmen do not Beem
to understand. They are under the
Impression that they are free, because
they are free to sell themselves as
slaves. The slave of old, who had to
sell himself to pay his debts viewed
the matter otherwise.
The basis of the sale of labor power
is like tbat of other commodities, i.e.,
the cost, in this case, of subsistence
whether the labor is skilled or unskilled. Taking the constant parts of
capital, the raw materials, the incidental materials, the wear and tear of
tools and machinery, etc., there is
no change as regards their value when
embodied ln the commodity. The labor power purchased by the capitalist
ls the only thing that can give more
of value than its cost of production
and of the value given forth by labor
the capitalist takes the larger part.
If a man (getting twelve dollars a
week for clx days' work of ten hours)
produces two dollars in the first five
hours of a day, and he works ten
hours, he gives five hours' labor for
nothing; if he could manage to
stretch another hour, he would give
six hours instead of five, an increase
of twenty per cent. This accounts for
the capitalists' desire tor long hours,
and his opposition to any reduction.
An additional way of obtaining surplus value is by adulteration. This
has now become the rule and not the
exception. It has come to such a pitch
that the very drugs used for adulterating are themselves adulterated.
Yet another method of increasing
surplus value is by the speeding up
of machinery, by which a man nowadays takes more out of himself in ten
hours than he formerly did in twelve.
In the competitive struggle, the Individual capitalist might lose, but the
capitalist class always gains. Some
argue that the capitalist advances
wages, but any worker knows that he
has to work a week or a month before he draws his wages. I have been
in places in Canada where the workers' wages were five weeks overdue,
and the capitalist does not subsist him
during that time. The capitalist, as
can be clearly proved, does not make
advances to the laborer, but lt is the
laborer that makes advances to the
capitalist. It is the worker who advances his labor power. Labor power
is a perishable commodity and unemployed men flnd their labor power deteriorate very rapidly and many are
Inefficient when taken into employment again, not because they are lazy,
but because they are hungry. The
worker ls forced to sell his labor
power whatever the state of the market may be, and he has to go on selling it. Although in some trades the
standard has been raised, yet there is
a growing uncertainty of obtaining
that standard and the conditions have
actually been lowered in most trades.
For Its perfect functioning, the capitalist system requires a large number of unemployed in order to keep
down wages.
Some people Bay that a machine
adds to the value of a commodity. It
is precisely the other way about—
machinery cheapens commodities.
Even the cost of the machinery, which
gradually becomes embodied in the
commodities, is often written off ln a
very short period. Machinery ls not
introduced except for the purpose of
saving wages.
The only variable capital used is
wages, and the surplus value yielded
by the wage worker Is at least four to
one, four for the capitalist and one
for the worker. Surplus value is not
only extracted out of men, but more
of it out of women and children, with
disastrous results to the wages of the
Under capitalism with machinery
we are obliterating individuality,
driving men down to the unintelligent
dead level of the most Unskilled
workers. However, our class are beginning to understand what surplus
value means,-and are being compelled
to unite to demand the social enjoyment of the fruits of their labor.
C. L.
Socialist   Party  Directory
Socialist Party of Canada,  meeta second   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm. Watts,  Labor Temple, Dunsmuir
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays ln month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St., Wm. Watts, Secretary.	
S. P. of C.—Buslnesa meeting every
first Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Room open to everybody at 512 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
P.  Anderson,   Burnet,  B. C.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave, East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary, Box 647. Calgary.	
Finnish. . Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays ln the month at 213-
Hastings St. East. Ovla Llnd, Secretary.
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE, 8. T. ot C, Invites all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice—This card Is inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St.,   Winnipeg.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     BO.     I.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on ths flrat
and third Sundays of tne month. Bualness meetings on Thursday evealngs
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendenning, Box IS,
Coleman, Alta, Visitors may receivsi
information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretury, Win. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays Jn the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace aay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, **nx
491, Glace Bay, tl. S.
LPr-AI. VANCOUVEB, No. 69, B. P. of O.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr street. Business meeting on first
of every month at 8 p.m. Secretary,
F. Lefeaux, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
B. C.
LOCAL    FERNIE,   S.   T.   ot   C,    HOLS
holds educational meetings ln the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wilmer, secretary, Box 380.
LOCAL HOSSLAND   NO. 26, 8. P. of C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 126.
Finnish  branch   meets in   Finlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 54, Rossland, B.C.
LOCAL   MIOB3L,  B.   C,  NO.   16,   8.   T.
ot C,. holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation is
extended to all wage Blaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs.'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. T. W. Brown,
LOCAL  NELSON,   8.   P.   Of  O.,  MXETS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A Austin, Secretary.	
LOOAL  BEVELSTOXB,   B.   C,    BO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary	
LOCAL SANSON, B. C, NO. 36, 8. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
tn the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K, Sandon, B. C.	
Headquarters and reading room 575
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m., corner of
Yates  and  Langley.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. ln Public Library Room. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
By Maude J. Ball.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday *3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Heudquarters. 213 Hastings St.
East, H. Rahlm, Secretary.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room ls open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dolly.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organizer,  W.   Stephenson.
of C.—Business  meeting every Saturday evening at  8 o'clock at the  headquarters.   134  Ninth  Ave.  West.
S.   K.   Read,   Secretary.
every Sunday, Trades . Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday. I
p.m. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, Gen.
Del., Secretary.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third liu-
days ln the month, at 4 p.m., is*
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas, Peacock,  Box  1983
OP C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m.. ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, I p.m.
W. McAllister, Secretary, Box 587. A.
Stewart organizer.
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every
Sunday at 8 o'clock ln tbe Dreamland)
Theatre, Main St. Secretary, J.
O'Brien, Room  12, 630 Main  St.
LOOAL   OTTAWA.   BO   8,   8.   T.   OP   O.
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and!
Hideau Street. Business meetings,
flrst Sunday tn month ln the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwlth, IS
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
LOCAL OLACE BAT, BO. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters ln Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda,
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 158; Harold G. Ross, organizer.
Box 605.
LOOAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    Of
Nova    Scotia.—Business    and   pro
            propaganda meetings ^every second Monday
at 7:30 In the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
TION. of the S. P. of C, Is organised
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrainenn workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their on
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstlno Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to J. Scnuk, Fin. Secretory.
In this day of the reign of the alarm
clock,  when  not greed  for gain  but
fear  of  starvation  drives  men  from
their homes to their work before the
day is due, drags women from their
beds an hour earlier to  prepare the
hasty   meal,  snatches   children   from
sleep and sends them to the mill, the
mine or the shop—in this age when
homes are desolated by wars, disease,
poverty and crime,  It  seems  cruelly
ridiculous for a working man or woman   to   object   to   Socialism   on   the
ground that it will break up the home.
Yet  this  argument  is  still  repeated,
parrot-like, by many for whom home
has long been but a mockery, a vain
hope or a cherished ideal, and others
who await the call of the rent collector
with a shuddering dread.   A few days
ago, a railroad man was heard to make
this statement:    "The only objection
I  have  to  Socialism   ts  that  lt  will
break up the home, destroy the family
and send children away from their parents to be educated and cared for by
the community."    Inquiry concerning
the home life of this man revealed the
fact that for the greater part of his
life   he   has  been   employed   by   the
Wells  Fargo  Express  Company,  and
that for twenty years he has not had
a vacation.   Ills work takes him from
home   on   a   thousand-mile   Journey
twice each week, and during the time
he ls at home his need for sleep makes
conscious enjoyment of his home life
Impossible,    lt  might  be  asked  how
much  Socialism   could  contribute  toward the breaking up of this home.
And even If the charge were true that
under Socialism children would belong
to  society,  might not this be better
than the present order, by which thousands of children are denied both care
and education?   Would the possibility
of a few hours' daily companionship
of wife and family tend toward the
destruction of the home, or would not
Socialism make possible for the first
time in the history of the world, the
enjoyment of all that makes for home
and home life?
In England the miners ire voting
on a proposition to work only five
days a week. The miners in some
parts of British Columbia would no
doubt like to work five, but are only
working three. The mine owners of
B. C. have a good way of preventing
their slaves from getting any money
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies -  -   4.00
The latest Socialist paper is one
printed in the Chinese language in
Vancouver. It Is called Self Conscience.
The workless workers are being
rounded up in Vancouver and sent to
jail. New Westminster jail is already
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
I^abor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to tho capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working clnss lies In tho direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tbe wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker ls rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it
by political action.   This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party ot Canada, with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
interests of the working class and aid the workers in their class Btruggle against capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands ln such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
Get a copy of Socialism and Religion.   6 cents.
^     * fifST IN B.C C\<>P.-**7 SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1912
Committee Meeting, October 8th, 1912
Present, Comrades Karme, Klngsley,
Mengel, Anderson (Chairman) and the
Minutes of the previous meeting
read and approved.
Correspondence from Alberta Executive with application for charter,
signed by 17 miners of Passburg,
Alta.    Charter granted.
Application for charter by 14 miners, etc., of Canmore, Alta. Charter
Correspondence from Vancouver
Lettish asking for Local Secretary's
addresses. Secretary Instructed to
Letter from E. R. Atkinson of Saskatoon, Sask., asking for instructions
re the forming of a local, replied to.
Financial Report as follows:
Balance on Hand, Sept. 1 $ 30.65
Stamps,   Saskatchewan   Executive     20.00
Stamps, St. Catherines      4.00
Dues, J. T. Dempster  25
Dues, W. Gribble      1.00
Charter, Local  Passburg      1.00
Supplies, Montreal        1.00
Literature     10.00
Stamps, B. C. Executive     16.20
Organizing Fund       22.35
Offlce   Supplies    .$   1.05
Literature           4.85
Expressage         4.30
Postage Stamps        1.50
Secretary's August Salary      7.50
Loan to Clarion       74.91
Balance on Hand     12.28
W. WATTS, Secretary.
Committee Meeting, October 8th, 1912
Present, Comrades Karme, Kingsley,
Mengel, Anderson (Chairman) and the
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Correspondence from F. G. Tapert
of Hydah, B. C, re forming a local,
reply forwarded.
Financial Report
Balance on Hand, Sept. 1 $ 93.08
Local Gibson's Landing      5.00
"    Vancouver,  No.  1     10.00
"    Langley         1.40
"    Revelstoke         5.00
"    Vancouver, Lettish       4.00
"    Sandon         5.00
"     Nakusp          2.00
According to instructions from Provincial Executive, I went to Nanaimo
on Wednesday last and arranged a
meeting in the Opera House for Sunday.
On Saturday night I spoke in the
open air at a meeting arranged by
the United Mine Workers. Comrades
Foster, Pettigrew and Harland, all officers of the U. M. W., also spoke at
this meeting. We had a very fine
The meeting at the Opera House
came off according to schedule, Comrades W. W. Lefeaux, Faster and
Pettigrew speaking, as well as myself.
A good feature of the visit to Nanaimo was the spirit shown by the
members of the S. D. P., who offered
their help to make the series of meetings of which this was the first, a
success. I am of opinion that this
comradely offer should be made use
A collection of $11.85 was taken,
1.15 in literature, 50 cents for Clarions, four Clarion subs and a weekly
bundle of 100 Clarions were disposed
of. One member of the S. D. P.,
though he said he could find no fault
with the propaganda, expressed himself as suspicious of the writer's motives. He'll get over that in time.
This ls a hasty report, as I have received a telegram from the States
urging me to return at once, and am
taking the next train.
I will try to keep arrangement as
to serial, but it's the deuce of a job
to write steadily when one is continually knocking about the country.
the rumor that they would storm the
common with a mass meeting in spite
of the Amoskeag Corporation and get
a permit.
A large strike Is bound to come
there, but when it does come it will
have to be a small revolution to succeed, as the corporation owns all the
streets leading to the mills and can
close them at any time, though they
are oiled and lighted by the municipality. There ls no other way to some
of the city buildings.
The plant is surrounded on the one
side by a wide canal out of which an
average of two suicides a month are
dragged. On the other Bide there is a
fence twelve feet high. Every gate or
entrance is protected by powerful hydrants. It looks like a prison. It ls
a prison in which thousands of men,
women and children slave under awful conditions for a starvation wage
for the benefit of one of the most
powerful trusts in the world.—Exchange.
Due Stamps from D. E. C $ 16.20
Post      Curds     and      Postage
StampB          2.60
Printing and  Telegram          2.65
Card  In Clarion,   April,   May,
June       3.00
Salary, Secretary       7.50
J. M. Fitzgerald, Organizing....    25.00
Balance on Hand      68.53
WM. WATTS, Secretary.
Get  on  the  firing line,
your help.
We  need
Rhymes of Revolt
Neat little volume of virile verse
25c Special price for quantities   |
For Sale at the  Clarion Office
The best and cheapest
Cordova Boarding House
512 Cordova Street East
I went all through the Amoskeag
Manufacturing Co.'s mills recently, and
found hundreds of children of 14 and
under working there. These pale-
faced little fellows never go to school,
and they do the work of men from 6
in the morning to 6 at night.
Some of them I found chewing tobacco. Many of them are deformed,
hunchbacked, bow-legged, and consumptive looking. I found the greatest number of them in what is known
as the Cooledge Mill, built in 1911.
This company employs about 16,000
persons, of which about 7,000 are
women. These men, women and children work 24,000 looms and at 655,000
spindles. They produce over 250,000,
000 yards of cloth, and over a million
and a half bags each year.
The machinery occupies 137 acres
of floor space. The buildings look
like regular prisons, and they are.
There is not a single fire escape to
be seen on them. In some of the
rooms the temperature is as high as
125 degrees in the summer. In most
of the rooms it is between 80 and 90
degrees all the time. The works are
often closed on account of overproduction, and the workers find it almost
Impossible to live on the wages they
The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company owns almost every foot of land
of the City of Manchester, which has
a population of about 75,000 souls. It
controls almost everything in the city.
They gave the land on which the armory, the Y.M.C.A. and tho county
court house are built, and have contributed large sums to every church
ln the city.
They have kept their slaveB unorganized, and have laid their iron fist
on freedom of speech. A short while
ago the local Chief of Police, M. J.
Heuley, stopped a hall meeting, and
when asked by some one, "What will
the citizens of Manchester say?" answered, "I am the cltlzenB of Manchester."
Emll Seldel ls billed to speak there
on the 24th. The police chief says
he will prevent the meeting from being held.   The local Socialists spread
There is a little better showing on
the sub list this week and we hope
you will keep It up. Some of you have
not yet realized that the power of
the working class ls in the working
class. It is only the working class
that can emancipate the working
class, as the interests of the workers
are identical. The whole of the working clasB is driven to work by the
whip of the master class. Little children hardly able to walk are driven to
work by the whip of the master class.
Old men who should be able to rest
up after many weary years of toil are
forced to walk the streets asking for
charity after being driven out of the
factories on the excuse of being too
old. Young girls forced by the whip
of the master class to work ln factories and department stores at a
wage that will not purchase a decent
meal are eventually driven to sell
their bodies. All this and more,
crime, poverty and degradation Is the
outcome of the use of that whip of
the master class and who but the
working class handles that whip. The
workers are the tools of the master
class and as soon as they realize that
they can put a stop to the skin game
of the master class by the intelligent
use of the ballot. They will or should
look to the beBt means of educating
the rest of their class.
When will you cease handling the
whip for the master class, for If you
are not striving to educate your fellow workers you are helping the
master class. You must either be for
us or against us. Tbe comrades mentioned below are for us. Will you
make another?
A. A. McNeill, Erskine, Alta 10
Thomas Car, Amhurst, N. S 10
J. D. Dower, Calgary, Alta  8
J.  Sldaway,  Vancouver  4
G. O. Vennesland, Granum, Alta... 3
W. K. Brj ce, Demalne, Sask  3
Hattie Bone, Clayton, D. C  2
W. Gribble, Nanalmo, R. C  2
G. Morgan, Vancouver   2
Wm. McQuoid, Edmonton, Alta   2
Geo.  Paton,  Content, Alta  2
W.  B. Bird,  Reglna, Sask  2
H. T. Bastable, Brandon, Man  2
H.  Fulchei,  Brandon  2
H.  Laldlaw,  Winnipeg,  Man  2
R. C. McCutchan, Winnipeg; Cecil
Homer, Brantford; A. G. McCallum,
Ottawa; C. F. Monk, St. Catherines;
F. Hyatt, St. John, N. B.; J. M. Salter,
Washington; Miners' Union, Alaska;
K. Johnson, Montreal; Colin McDonald, Vancouver; H. Getley, New Zealand; A. McLeod, Fort George; John
McKlnnell, Okanagan Landing; T. B.
Miles, White Man's Creek, B. C; L. T.
English, Calgary; W. G. Burrows, Ivor,
Sask.; H. Stokes, City; J. P. Morrison, City; R. M. Alexander, City; J.
Kuthenburg, City; A. Glen, Toronto. |
Local Winnipeg, 100; I/*cul Reglna,
25; Local Victoria, 50; Geo. Pettigrew, Nanalmo, 100; C. McM. Smith,
Brooklyn, N. Y., 50;  Local Erskine, 5.
There's nothing here on earth deserves
Half of the thought we waste about
And thinking but destroys the nerves,
When we could do so well without
If folks would let the world go round,
And pay their tithes and eat their
Such doleful looks would not be found
To  frighten us poor laughing sinners.
Never Bigh when you can sing,
But laugh, like me, at everything!
One plagues himself about the sun,
And puzzles    on,    through    every
weather, H	
What time he'll rise—how long he'll; presenting to the workers at the fac-
workingmen throw down these
"woozy" cards on the ground ln deep
disgust. The workingmen of Milwaukee have become too Intelligent
to be caught with such bait.
One of the reasons for the success
of the Milwaukee Socialists has been
that in all their campaigns they have
systematically drawn together. They
have always held "speakers' meetings" in which the issues of each campaign were carefully discussed. In
the present campaign the high cost
of living is the subject on which the
speakers are making the fight. This
is the problem ln which the working
men and women are vitally interested,
and for which the "reform" parties
have no solution to offer. These are
the facts which Socialist speakers are
run,— .
And when he'll leave us altogether:
Now matters it a pebble-stone,
Whether he shines at bIx or seven?
If they don't leave the sun alone,
At last they'll plague him out of
Never sigh when you can sing,
But laugh, like me, at everything!
Another spins from out his brains
Fine cobwebs to amuse his neighbors,
And gets, for all his toils and pains,
Reviewed, and  laughed  at for his
Fame is his star! and fame is sweet;
And praise is pleasanter than honey,
I write at just so much a sheet
And Messrs.    Longman   pays   the
Never sigh when you can sing,
But laugh, like me, at everything!
My brother gave his heart away
To Mercandotti when he met her.
She married Mr. Ball one day—
My brother gave his heart away
To Mercandotti when he met her.
She married Mr. Ball one day,—
He's gone to Sweden to forget her!
I had a charmer, too—and sighed,
And raved all day and night about
She caught a cold, poor thing!  and
And I—am just as fat without her!
Never sigh when you can sing,
But laugh, like me, at everything.
For tears are vastly pretty things.
But make one very thin and taper;
And sighs are music's sweetest
But Bound most beautiful on paper!
"Thought" is the Sage's brightest star.
Her gems alone are worth his finding;
But as I'm not particular,
I'll better keep on "never-minding."
Never sigh when you can sing,
But laugh, like me, at everything!
Oh! in this troubled world of ours,
A laughter-mine's a glorious treasure;
And separating thorns from flowers,
Is half a pain and half a pleasure.
And why be grave Instead of gay?
Why  feel  athirst  while  folks  are
Oh!   trust me, whatsoe'er  they  say,
There's nothing half so good    as
Never sigh when you can sing,
But laugh, like me, at everything!
—Fugitive Poetry.
tory gnte meetings.
Yesterday the house to house distribution of literature began. Outside of the city limits, where the distances are too great to distribute literature by this method, two wagons,
each carrying three Socialists and a
goodly supply of leaflets, books and
posters, are doing this work for the
outlying townships of Milwaukee
One wagon ls covering the northern j
townships, the other the southern,
Leaflets are given out gratis, books
are sold and posters and cards are
put up on telegraph poles and other
convenient places. Before the cold
autumnal storms come on, this work
will be completed.
Mrs. Janet Fennimore Korngold
will make a tour of Wisconsin, beginning October 1. Mrs. Korngold's
message is to the women. One cheery
feature of the present campaign is
the intense interest taken by the Socialist women and their earnest cooperation.
Thus with all hands at work, the
campaign has fairly begun to hum ln
the Badger State.—New York Call.
'Tis excellent to have a giant's
strength, but tyrannous to use it as a
How true ls this statement, when
one considers the actions of Lord Dev-
enport in the recent dockworkers'
strike in London. He it was who
supplied the motive power which lay
behind the masters, against whom the
men were fighting, and aa events proved, fighting a losing battle. Lost tor
the time, at any rate. At present, the
men will have to be content to wait
until a more favorable opportunity
crops up.
For weeks theBe poor workers have
been suffering the pangs of starvation. Their wives and families have
alBO been undergoing the most extreme misery. Why? Because the
men dared go against their employers, and demand a wage upon which
they could enjoy a little more ef the
comforts which are, by right, theirs,
and for no man to deprive them of.
Yet these are denied the workers by
those who hold the trump cards.
Might versus Right. And, for the
time, Might has the upper hand. These
men who call themselves human beings, Christians (?) deliberately starving thousands of men, women, and
children. This for more than one
In the first place, the masters stood
to lose a certain amount of money
periodically.    If  better   wages   were
paid    to]	
enough, asking for something on which
it.   I don't think it is anythng to be
proud of to keep men, women and
children   who   are,   like   themselves*
human beings, dying of starvation.   Ita
fact, the sufferers are far more human.
in that they are at least making an
effort for the uplift of humanity, in.
the shape of better wages and better
conditions    generally.      The   others,,
backed by Lord Devonport, knew that;
the men against whom they were putting their power, were being slowly
starved   into    suimission,   and   they
looked   on   with   grim    satisfaction,
knowing that the game  was their*..
Like Nero of old, they watched Roma-
burn.   Has a man much fellow-feelln-f
when ho watches his brothers, ln distress, struggling for breath against the
swift currents of life, and, Instead of
lending a hand, pushes him away from
a place of safety?   Though he holds
the means whereby the downtrodden
may be lifted up, he scorns any pleadings for aid.   Because he has foolish,
selfish pride.     Ab one considers this
question daily, the more one's heart is
stirred to a fuller realization of what
the workers are up against. The more
one sees of the effeffcts brought about
by those ln authority, the knowledge
that the men were justified in striking,
is sent home more forcibly.   We also
realize how futiile it was for the dockers to continue against such odds.
The time will soon come, however,
when man, "common man," will come
into hiB own, which greed and selfishness have deprived him of for so long.
The masters still possess a giant's
strength, and still more use that
strength as giants. Speed the time
when we shall all have the strength ot
giants, and may we use our strength,
wisely—not, mind yon, ln alllowlng ourselves to be led as lambs to the slaughter, but In refraining from using our*
Might against what is undeniably
The Hon. T. W. Crothers, minister
of labor, addressing the assembled
delegates of the convention of Canadian Federation of Labor at. Three
Rivers, Que., said that he was glad to
flnd that there waa bo much respect
for "law and order" in that province,
and that the convention was not proposing any revolutionary means such'
as was being proposed in some parts
of Canada. Continuing, he told the
unions to "get public opinion on your
side and you will get almost anything;
you want." . 4
We are' grateful to the honorable
gentleman for the enunciation ot so
Important a discovery and commend'
the recommendation to the careful*'
consideration of the unions as one of '
the most significant achievements
that has ever reshlted from the care'
ful labor and thought of any Individual. Think what it, means to us
poor laboring men who have to struggle year in and year out to gain a
livelihood. If we "get public opinion
on our side" we shall be able to take
from the masterB the right to exploit
us and will then obtain the full product of our toil. However, we have to
recognize that this same public opinion is very hard to get, that It Is very*
dillifult to turn into our channels of
thought the opinions held by the members of our community. Of course,
the preponderance of opinion is held
by the majority and the majority in
By Joseph MoCabe. 48 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Col. R. G. Ingersoll. 24 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By P. Vivian. 64 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Col. R. G. Ingersoll. 24 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Samuel Laing. 48 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Col. R. G. Ingersoll. 48 pp. and colored with portrait.
The Set of Six Pamphlets Post Free for 25 Cents
The People's Bookstore152 %^£loWeat
We are giving three prizes for the
greatest amount sent in for subs. The
first prize is a copy of Webster's New
International Dictionary, containing
400,000 definitions, 2,700 pages, 6,000
Illustrations, and several other features all contained ln one volume and
equivalent to a 15 volume set.
The second prize iB the first, second and third volumes of Karl Marx's
The third prize is a bound volume of
the Western Clarion for 1910.
Up to date we have not received
enough subs to cover the cost of purchasing and expressing the dictionary;
we want you fellows to get a big
hustle as the contest closes October
These comrades have the largest
amount to date: J. D. Dower, Calgary;
C. M. O'Brien, and J. J. Zender, Edmonton.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Sept. 28 —
Bright, indeed, is the outlook for a
Socialist victory in Milwaukee this I
fall. The re-election of Victor L.
Berger to Congress seems to be almost assured, and there is good reason
to hope that the Socialists, if they can
keep up a vigorous campaign, will alBO
carry the Fourth Congressional District and give Berger u comrade In the
National Legislature, Moreover, tbey
are confident, that  with    good work
they can re-elect the Socialist DistrictIDara necessities of life, lo carry nn lhe
Attorney and the rest of the Socialist | work '" whlch he '« -'•>Ka^*)?    &**
Six hundred and fifteen miners were
killed In the coal fields of Pennsylvania during 1911. This ls the result of a glorious system ln which life
and limb has no consideration and
never will have as long as commodities are produced for profit.
county ticket.
The people of Milwaukee are already pretty thoroughly disgusted
with the "non-partisan" and anti-Socialist administration which was given
Milwaukee by the fusion of the Democrats and Republicans last spring.
The same sort of fusion is being tried
again in the present campaign, but It
is not working well. The "non-partisan" Idea is already pretty well discredited in Milwaukee. It is doubtful
whether It will ever fool the people
again. AU'that Is necessary now ls to
get the Socialist Ideas before them,
especially before the working people.
In fact, the Milwaukee Social Democrats are not backward ln this matter. They opened the usual noonday
meetings at the factory gates on September 16, and will continue every day
except Sunday until the campaign
closes. They are addressed by our
best speakers, while at every meeting
freo literature and campaign books are
disposed of. The meetings are well
advertised in advance and always
draw a good crowd. One cold day
last week E. T. Helms addressed over
3,000 men at the Harvester works.
The "non-partisan" candidates are
also represented by their agents industriously distributing campaign
cards.     Everywhere,    however,    the
this prosperous Canada are rich and
those   who   were,   rightly | nave not t0 strugg)e for thc meallB ot
_^^^___^^_^^^__^^_„^^—».subsistence.    It is unthinkable    that
they could live, the profits of the cm- any ,ftrge I)roporl,OI1 of tne elgllt ,„„.
..1.,,■....     n,n,.l^     moo*     rtor'olnlu     l»«     ilo.
i lions of people in Canada are work-
| Ing men. How could Ihey be? If
they were, then it would be rather a
singular thing for a politician to lay
down such u principle as thut above
staled, because If tho majority of the
peoplo In this country were working-
men, then public opinion would lie tbe
opinion of workingmen and that must
be that whul they produce should belong to tbem.
If we suppose Hint thu majority ls
(•(imposed of working-men and remember that the public opinion of the
present day Is In favor of the exploitation of workingmen, then we are
forced to the conclusion that gentlemen such ax '.he ono in question swing
thut public opinion Just referred to by
means of chloroforming thc public
and If that Is the case It ls up to the
unions and others to bring the antidote of knowledge into play so as to
take away the only power these gentlemen have. X. Y. Z.
ployer would most certainly be decreased. Those who are now enabled
to live In the lap of luxury and ease
would not then be able to do so. In
many caseB they would have to turn
out and do some work themselves. Is
not their position really pitiful? But
what of those who at present do all
the work, receiving but little in com-!
parlson for ull their labour? How j
can anyone expect a mini, unable,
owing to  insufficient   wage, to obtain
the slave-owners fed their slaves pro
perly, but at the present time lhe
dockers' employers (and thousands uf
other employers) will not pay enough
to provide this. The worker of the
world must, If he Is to be physically
and morally Bound, have proper food
and hours of labour, and not have to
go to work (as hundreds do) on an
empty stomach
What ot the man, too, wltih a wife
and family? Can you imagine for a
moment that a man in the position of
family provider would strike work,
knowing that In doing bo he was Jeopardising the lives of those dearest to
him, If his grievance was an imaginary one? Is it likely that for weeks
they would suffer starvation (many
actually dying because of lack of
food) If tbelr actions were not
prompted by their necessity? For a
man is surely Justified in demanding a
living in exchange for his labor,
purely a person can please himself at
what price ho sells his labour.
Many employers seem to think
that the price of labor is fixed by the
price of goods, whereas thc reverse ls
the truth. The prico of commodltilcs
Is fixed by the cost of production
alone. Another reason for tho stubbornness of the masters is because of
their pride.   False pride, every bit of (
Ono good thing about the Socialist
speakers and writers in the U. S. A.
during this campaign is that they
absolutely ignore their platform except that part which refers to the
taking over of the means of production by and for the workers.
Their platform in Us present state
is rather a source of weakness than
strength, and It Is to ber hoped tbat
they wlll have learned !heir lesson
sufficiently by tho next convention so
that all nostrums wlll be wiped out of
their declaration of principles and a
platform "For Socialism" adopted.
Have you got some good literature
for the coming winter evenings. If
not. send in for our 2K cent bunch of
literature for a Btart.
Read, What Is Socialism.   10 cents. t'AUt.r'UUK
11 •■_.
•   A   mk'yamm*-*
t—mi. <s>      unt   1   lirfl   1      v w A—i •-— a. • •*_**
By One Who Knows Him.
Labor Day has once more come and
gone and with it we have had some
sermons from tbe elect of God relating to the troubles and turmoils that
the workers suffer. Some of these
gentlemen, in the fullness of their
wisdom, have given us a lucid explanation of what should be done to alleviate the condition of the laboring
class and what they consider a clear
enunciation of the causes leading up
to the misery and poverty that is so
predominant today.
Ono of theBe sky piilots, with all
the magnanimity that his clerical
bosom was capable of conjuring up,
deplored the greed and rapacity of
present day society and announced
the fact that the workers must be educated up to realize their power to
bring about a better state of things,
and he stated that education was the
factor on which he placed most reliance in consummating this change.
He did not, however, consider that
this education Bhould be done by "paid
agitators," against whom he seems to
have a strong antipathy.
The reverend gentleman, following
-that innate conservatism which characterizes the breed, failed to define
Just what he meant by a "paid agitator," but we have heard the term
applied so often, and with so much
flippancy, that we can hazard a guess
without very much fear of being
wrong. To our mind the gentleman
referred to anyone who is paid by a
working-class organization to disseminate the particular ideas that such
organization wishes to have spread.
That, we believe. Is the popular
idea which the words "paid agitator"
conveys and we have not the slightest
hesitation in saying that this was the
Idea that the reverend cleric had in
Tils Christian mind. However, if we
arrange pieces of wood into a particular form they wlll be collectively
known as a table, no matter what
color or particular shape they may be.
In like manner, any one who' is paid
by an organization is a ''paid agitator."
We therefore have to. remind the
said cleric that he himself is a "paid
agitator," paid by those to whose interest it is to keep the working class
believing ln the dope that he and his
kind hand out. We would further
like to bring to his attention that
whenever a change has.taken place in
the form of society, in other words,
■whenever there has been a revolution,
the church has always been on the
side of the ruling class and against
the revolters. We do not say that
particular clerics here and there have
not been strong enough to stand forth
and denounce the cruelty and oppression that has taken place, but we do
say that the church as an organization has never been in the forefront
and that it Is not so now.
"Paid agitator." indeed! What is
the public presH but an Instrument
-managed by a group of paid agitators,
paid by the ruling class to print only
such stuff ao shall suit that class and
to with-hold such matter as ls of vital
interest to the workers? "Paid agitators," forsooth! •■ Why, all of the
prime ministers and the colleagues
and supporters and opponents are
nothing fore nor less than "paid agitators," paid by the master class to
bring in railway policies and immigration policies, the one complementary to the other, the flrat to give the
natural resources to the masters and
the second to secure for the masters
the cheapest slaves the world can
And so we could go on enumerating
the diffoient species of paid agitators
that are extant in society, but we wlll
refrain and merely point to the fact
that those whom we have mentioned
enjoy their thousands of dollars a year
for agitating, whilst the* poor working
class agitator only gets enough to
keep himself alive, and usually has to
furnish that himself.
Mr. Clergyman, you derive your
living from the contributions of your
congregation and no one says you nay.
If you can do it and thereby gain a
decent living, go ahead and prosper.
Our "paid agitators," too, get their
living from the contributions of their
congregations, and withal give a better show for the money, and though
they are not trained by experts as you
are, they can draw a much better
crowd, though they have not behind
them the CUSTOM which directs a
certain class of people to go to church
lest Mr. Jones or Mrs. Smith say they
are not decent Christian people.
Reverend Sir, do not run down your
own business, do not condemn those
who gain their. living ln the same
manner as you do, but try to act up
to the principles that you preach and
which are supposed to have been laid
down by your Master, the great "agitator," and "do unto others as yoH
would be done by."
One ot.the Congregation.
Socialism is now making headway
in the Japanese army. Every nation
of any size at all is troubled with
the knowledge that the army and navy
cannot be depended on to take the
side of the master class once they
get a knowledge of Socialism. Oet
busy in your town,
It is only a couple of weeks ago
that a note appeared In the "Western
Clarion" about not wanting parsons in
the Socialist Party of Canada. I am
of the opinion that wherever that kind
of individual appears he is—to put it
very mild—a damn nuisance. It seems
peculiar to me that a man who believes in the goodness, etc., of "God"
can waste his time in a political party.
Furthermore, when the parson is one
who says he adheres to the "Virgin
Mary" story, God having a son without the usual necessary physical exertion, it simply denotes his failure to
realize the Socialist position or he is a
rank humbug. Invariably he is the
latter. For the parson trade Is to disseminate the most idiotic piffle, to
blind the workers to the realities of
the present, and to substitute the
magnificence of the unknown future,
and so leave any endeavor to change
the system to those whose interest it is
to perpetuate capitalism. Parsons,
wherever they are, are acting for the
ruling class. If, however, any Join the
Socialist movement, a keener eye
should be kept on them. For,. all
things taken into account, the parson
ls acting the hypocrite when he advocates Socialism, and as such he is a
contemptible trickster and . mlsleader,
Dozens of cases can be cited to prove
this statement.
In England the Mecca of the political faker, the paradise of the political
parson, one usually meets these would-
be self-sacrificing "Messiahs." The
I. L. P. here has a good many parsons,
but not many good parsons. The Rev.
R. Campbell, who Joined the "Socialists" "to purge Socialism of its materialism" is a foremost advocate ot I. L.
P. "Socialism." Revs. Conrad, Noel,
Maxted, Swan and Cummlngs are also
well known.
The latter, the Reverend R. W. Cummlngs, ls Rector at Wlthorsea, near
Hull. His sobriquet was the "Socialist
Parson." He has now announced .that
he has decided to leave the Socialist
Party (?) which he has championed
for the past 6 years in various parts of
England. ThlB Christlike gentleman
was the "star turn" during the Colne
Valley campaign at which Victor Grayson was elected. The kind of stuff
that Socialist gave off was a treat to
listen to. One of his great speeches
contained this gem:
"The present Bystem was sent by
God in order to punish the wicked capitalists." There you have lt. Did this
mental freak know that If ail this system was from God he has a lot to be
blamed for? It reminds us so much of
the Bishop of Manchester and the
Press proclaiming that the West
Loughton mining disaster was the
work of God. But then lt suited them
because neither the miners nor owners could call God as a witness.
The "Reverend" R. W. Cummings
has now Joined the Holderness Liberal
Association and will henceforth bring
divine influence to bear upon that
party, and no doubt God will have a
big Bay tn deciding the candidates for
that division.
Another parson belonging to the I.
L. P. has ratted and supported the
"Rev." Towyn JoneB, who was elected
for some obscure place ln Wales. All
this is written to warn some who are
doubting "Thomases" of how sincere
a good Christian can be when he likes.
Another kind of "parson"—to use an
Irishism—ls tbe Jewish rabbi. It appears that a brilliant scholar belonging
to the "chosen" people has used his
powers of observation to considerable
advantage. So much so that he has
landed on many truths that are keenly
resented by the Jewish community, or
rather the rabbis who are supposed to
minister to that community. One of
the truths is that the Jew ls gradually
marrying Into other races, and marriages outside the religion are rapidly
Increasing. Of course the rabbis deny
this. Another matter for resentment
by these "popularly elected appointees" of God, Is that the Jew Is ever
lessening in his adherence to the "old"
religion. There Is no doubt whatever
on my part, that the Jewish religion Is
breaking down faster than any other.
There Is but one reason for it, and that
Is, It Is completely out of h-armony
with the present industrial system.
The Jew at one time—yes, 20 years
ago In England—was one who held religiously ail the festivals that were ordained in the Old Testament, and also
ono or two that wore put In as makeweight by the Rabbis. It was rare to
see a Jew—in the town of Manchester
—working on the Sabbath. Most of
them used to quit just about an hour
before sunset on the Friday evening.
Is that the case now? No! Not by a
damn sight! It ls quite common to
see workshops with "full steam ahead"
on Saturdays. If I point out to an acquaintance that he ls violating a law
ot God he generally reminds me that
he has a living to get, and that comes
first, and God's after. It is quite common to hear men of supposedly religious convictions state that they are
compelled to work on the "day of
rest" Jewish shops are open on Saturday because living is so precarious
and the rent iB paid for the whole of
the week, then why not keep open?
It Is the constant and ever increasing
struggle for existence that compels
Jews to Ignore God's "laws" and con
form to those that give them an opportunity for security.
To conclude on that point, itj is the
economic condition that is so completely breaking up the Jewish reli
gion. The synagogue of today Is
scarcely ever full except on the High
Festivals. Even then a good bit of the
time is occupied in transacting business and not in any devotional exercise.
The economic conditions in the U.
S. A. have caused the ministers to
change the day of rest from Saturday
to Sunday. The synagogues are open
on the latter because most people are
working on Saturday. And who ever
knew a Jew to work because he liked
to, or even any one else?
It wae a case of attempting to keep
alive an Interest which competition
has already condemned to oblivion.
The same is happening with the Roman Catholic religion, too. The Pope
only a few weeks ago sent forth an
edict to the effect that ln future the
"faithful" need only attend 66 masses
ln the year. The Vatican authorities
themselves explained that men and
women had to go to work and had no
time to waste ln going to mass each
day. The struglge for existence becomes more Intense every day, and
men are more concerned about getting
a living than bothering about God.
The Cost of Living.
The increase tn the cost of living is
causing distress of a severe
character. The Co-operative Wholesale Society, Ltd., has Just Issued a report on the cost of living, based upon
calculations made' on a turnover ot
about $100,000,000 (one hundred million dollars) per annum.
The C. W. S. even then only deals
with the wholesale price to which
must necessarily be added the value
which is increased by transportation
and handling out for retail. If we take
a few figures we see that the average
price per lb. was in:
1898 1906 1908 1910 1911
Bacon .... 4.96 6.64 6.15 8.19 6.87
Butter ...11.35 12.82 13.08 12.87 13.40
Cheese ... 5.24 6.55 ' 6.56 6.56 7.11
Lard ..... 3.24   4.89   4.99   6.83    5.01
Taking as an average an order for
£1 per family per week the figures,
groceries, workout ln weight in
1898 would buy 80.81 lbs.
1906      '
"   76.69   "
1908     '
"   73.49   "
1910     '
"   71.29   "
1911     '
"   72.67   "
that they are but
groceries. The price of meat has gone
up enormously. Potatoes are dearer
now than ever I remember. Rent is
dearer by far. House coal at the pit-
mouth prices are represented by no
less an Increase than 33.05 per cent
since 1S98.
Nor is this Increase in prices only
felt in England, for in Japan there is
crime increasing, and admitted by
competent authorities due directly to
the high price in foodstuffs. A good
many commodities have risen by no
less than from 50 to 100 per cent. Take
the principal commodities in Japan, or
at least those necessary to the life of
the Japanese:
Salt has Increased from $1.00 per
kokn (5 bushels) in 1894 to $2.44.
Sugar has Increased from $5 for 132
lbs. to $8.20.
Sugar (brown) has increased from
$3.42 for 132 lbs. to $5.38.
Kerosene oil has Increased from
$1.26 per case to $1.96.
Soy has increased from $6.36 (40
gallons) to $11.28.
House rents have doubled in the
past ten years. Wages have only Increased from 20 to 30 per cent. Commodities have gone up over twice
that percentage. Nor is the complaint
restricted to Japan. Wherever wage
slaves exist tbere the conditions seem
bound to grow worse; and worse they
will get, and during the process shaping the mind of the working class. The
Jew Is realizing that he has to rely
on his own endeavors; so is the Roman Catholic. They are both getting
wise to the skin gume practised by the
capitalist class. They are realizing
the parson Is paid to assist In the befogging of the working class. Parsons,
rabbis and priests of all religious cults
are against the workers. So are those
who persist ln crying for something
now. There ls but one thing now that
I want, and that ls Socialism. But I
can't get it unless the majority of my
class are willing to act with me. Who's
for their conversion? I am one.
P. S, —Professor E. A. Shafer has
just delivered his presidential address
at the meeting of the British Association, lt is on the "Origin of Life." It
has made a great sensation and the
parsons are dead nuts against it. It
has queered the pitch for the silly creation story. M. B.
Comrade Eugene V. Debs, Socialist
nominee for President in the United
Slates, has been challenging the other
nominees to debate with him, but one
after another they offer puny excuses.
You can bet your boots there will be
no debate because If there Is one man
in the Socialist movement of the
States that can debate on scientific
Socialism lt is Gene Debs.
Any man will fight for a home, but
nobody wants to die for a boarding-
Have you ever paused to wonder
how much pleasure the average human
being really obtains during life? Has
it ever occurred to you that nearly all
pleasure is merely the anticipation of
something better than we at present
have? And consequently that when
the day of dissolution comeB to your
particular self, you will have journeyed across a long, long plain with
hope as your staff, only to find that
had you taken each day as lt came
and "been got solicitous for the morrow" you would have at least the consolation of saying to yourself, "I have
It passes the limited powers of my
mind to comprehend why some of us
are here, as there really seems to be
no need for us, and all we can hope for
is privation during life and a pauper's
grave after death. We might just as
well recognize that we are up against
lt, and look around for the nearest
and best way out.
Just think what "a peach of a time"
a wage-earner has. The whole of his
life is spent in the hope that he will
in the end be a manager with a fairly large salary. We all start but full
of hope, but year by year goes on and
one by one we drop out of the contest, broken, disappointed, hopeless
and homeless, until at last we dispense
with anticipation and indulge ln a
little realization, realizing that although competition is the life of trade,
It is the death of- society and that we
have been competed into the ranks of
the unemployed. ThlB condition of affairs claims some of us at an earlier
period in life than others, owing perhaps to lack of physical strength or
other reasons, but it ls the ultimate end
of all wage Blaves. Sooner or later we
are no longer of any use to the masters. That would be the psychological
moment for death If things could be
arranged that way, but unfortunately
the Blave has to live through a period
of realization.
A wage slave's life may be divided
into two parts. The period of anticipation and the period of realization. The
period of anticipation, as I have said
above, is composed of that time during which he finds easily a master.
The Incidents of love, courtship, marriage, parentage, etc., etc., are all anticipatory pleasures. Finally we find
him working like a good fellow to provide a home and food for his offspring,
indulging in the building of air castles
ln respect to their future. Then comes
the time when the children have to
help to keep the wolf from the door.
The girls obtain situations in stores or
become stenographers, the boys sell
newspapers or work in factories.
And now our wage-slave finds himself in the period of realization. "Too
old—very sorry—he was a first-class
man ln his time." Anticipation has
gradually faded to naught—realization
ls now the companion of his waking
hours. He can now see how hollow
life is, how he has slaved and worked
all the spring and summer of his life
only to be left to perish in the autumn.
God help htm, he cannot help himself.
He is among the unemployed, taking a
well earned rest. He needn't work his
Jaws—the larder Is empty. His digestive organs have a complete rest. But
his mind begins to think. It knows no
rest. The buoyant anticipation of
youth has given way to the depressing realization of old age. He dies,
for his sake the sooner the better, and
ls buried by the parish.
"A martyr to capitalism—may he
rest in peace." F. M. T.
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Fifteen thousand mill workers of
Lawrence, Mass., went on strike for
24 hours as a protest against the Jailing of Ettor and Glovannittl on the
charge of murder. During the parade the police charged the strikers,
killing one and beating up several
dozen others. On the return to work
next day several of the men were refused jobs and at present it looks as
though their will be another strike.
Break your chains-
and Pre-emptions
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Dominion Executive Committee
Labor Temple
301 Dominion Trust Building
Vancouver, B.C.
Vancouver Island
To Readers of "The Clarion"
I have received a large number of enquiries for improved
British Columbia farm lands from readers of the "Clarion."
I have just purchased a farm on the Stampe River, about
two miles from the city limits of Alberni, which I am subdividing into blocks of about ten acres each.
The soil is very rich bottom land and each block will have
about five acres cleared, and the other five acres will be very
light clearing, most of it having been slashed a number of years
ago. Price will average $250 per acre. This will all be rapidly sold in Alberni. Two railroads are projected through the
property, and Alberni City is growing rapidly.
If any readers of the "Clarion" wish to reserve a block,
I will hold same for them upon receipt of a deposit of $100.
Papers will be ready for execution in about 60 days.
Terms one-third cash and the balance can be spread over
three years if required. Interest 7%. If unable to visit the
property yourself, I will select a block for you.
This is a good thing either for actual settlement or specu-
lation, and I will guarantee your money.
Dunsmuir St.,


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