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Western Clarion Jun 15, 1912

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It has become an axiom that, to accomplish results, organization is requisite. Nevertheless, there is "organization" and "organization." That
this is so, appears clearly from the
fact that the pure and simplcrs have
been going about saying to the workers: "Organize! Organize!" and
after they have been saying that, and
have been "organizing" and "organizing" for the past thirty or forty
years, we flnd that they are virtually
where they started, if not worse oft,
that their "organization" partakes ot
the nature of the lizard whose tali
destroys what his foreparts ouild up.
Let us assume that none of us know
what is "Reform" and what is "Revolution." Those who are posted will
understand all the better; those who
are not will follow all the easier.
We hear people talk about the "Reform Forces," about "Evolution" and
about "Revolution" in ways that are
highly mixed. Let us clear up our
terms. Reform means a change of
externals; Revolution — peaceful or
bloody, the peacefulness or the bloodiness of it cuts no figure whatever in
the essence of the question—means a
change from within.
Take, for instance, a poodle. You
cen reform him in a lot of ways. You
can shave his whole body anU leave a
tassel at the tip of his tall; you may
bore a hole through each ear, and tie a
blue bow on one and a red bow on the
other; you may put a brass collar
around his neck with your initials on
and a trim little blanket on his back;
yet, throughout, a poodle he was and
a poodle he remains. Bach of these
changes probably wrought a corresponding change in the poodle's life.
When shorn of all his hair except a
taBBel at the tail's tip he was owned
By a wag who probably cared only for
the fun'he could get out of his pet;
when he appears gaily decked in bows,
probably his young mistress' attachment is of tendered sort; when later
we see him in the fancier's outfit, the
treatment he receives and the uses he
is put to may be yet again, and prob
ably are, different. Each of these
transformations or stages may mark
a veritable epoch in the poodle's existence. And yet, essentially, a poodle
he was, a poodle he is, and a poodle
he will remain.   That is Reform.
But when we look back myriad's of
years or project ourselves into far-
future physical cataclysms, and trace
the development of animal life from
the Invertebrate to the vertebrate, and
from the lizard to the bird, from the
quadruped and mammal till we come
to the prototype of the poodle, and
finally reach the poodle'himself, and
so forward—then do we find radical
changes at each step, changes from
within that alter the very essence of
his being, and that put, or will put
upon him each time a stamp that
alters the very system of his existence.    That is Revolution.
So with society. Whenever a change
leaves the internal mechanism untouched, we have Reform; whenever
the internal mechanism is changed, we
have Revolution.
Of course, no internal change is possible without external manifestatons.
The Internal changes denoted by the
revolution or evolution of the lizard
into the eagle go accompanied with external marks. So with society. And
herein HeB one of the pitfalls Into
which dilettantelsm or "Reforms" invariably tumble. They have noticed
that externals change with internals;
and they rest satisfied with mere external changes, without looking behind
the curtain.
We Socialists are not Reformers; we
are Revolutionists. We Socialists do
not propose to change forms. We care
nothing for formB. We want a change
of the inside of the mechanism of society. We see in England a crowned
monarch; we see in Germany a scep-
tered emperor; we see in this country
an uncrowned president, and we fail
to see the essential difference between
forms. We are like grown children, in
Germany, England or America. That
being the case, we are skeptics as to
the sense that we like to look at the
inside of things and find out what is
there.—Weekly People.
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre
If the Chinese hash-house keeper
had done you down for ten cents, or
even if you only thought he had
robbed you of ten cents, wouldn't
there be a lovely row? Your righteous
indignation would know no bounds.
The crockery would fly, the house
would' be wrecked, while the police
would probably arrive too late to save
the Celestial's life. It might cost you
a fortnight's wages or a month of your
time, but you would be satisfied to
take it out of the "Chink" even if it
cost you more. Your mates would
sympathize with you, you would become a hero; for it is an awful crime,
says the lawyer, the politician and the
capitalist, to rob a poor workman even
of ten cents.
The above thoughts remind me of
the story of a cruel and pittiless robbery. The victim's name must be suppressed for obvious reasons, though
you are at liberty to guess it if you
This man was robbed before birth
as well as after. His mother was
robbed of her share of nourishment
and comfort; as a result the poor babe
was born Into the world poor in physique, lacking. in good rich blood,
which nature says is essential to a
healthy child. The baby's childhood
days need not be described In detail.
Think of your own and add a few
miseries to it, for remember that as
the years have gone the struggle for
existence has become keener, even'
among children. Of course, the child
was robbed of a few years of childhood, for a child should be happy,
care free, developing body and mind
along natural lines. Food was scarce,
and when it was not bulk gave way
to quality. Naturally, with its inherited poor physique, and its lack of nourishment, the child was slow in assimilating education. This fact, combined with the necessity of cutting
short its schooldays owing to the
need of aiding father to provide the
daily menu, meant that the child was
robbed' of its education. The child
was sent to work among men, in an
iron foundry, and became a man in all
but years. For a time the lad labored
on, doing a man's work, till slack
times came. Then, of course, he was
flred. Work was scarce, funds-were
low. The lad drifted away from home.
Odd jobs came his way; he became a
casual laborer. Finally, when casual
work became even more casual, he became a hobo, drifting around. He was
jailed for vagrancy, jailed for trying
to beat a freight out of a workless
town, jailed again because he could
not give a good account of himself
or what he was doing for a living, and
because he had two previous convictions against hlm. Now he is a man
in years, but in nothing else. His
manhood had gone, or perhaps It will
be better to say that his manhood had
not yet arrived.
He never realizes that he has been
robbed of all that makes life worth
living. No suspicion of the truth has
crossed his mind. They who robbed
him have woven the most cunning web
across his eyes. They have convinced
him that it is his own folly and sin
which is responsible for his misery.
That his past suffering and present
condition is but a reflex of his own
wickedness. "As a child," they say to
him, "you refused to make the most
of your opportunities while at school."
Later, you drifted into casual work,
instead of getting regular employment.
"Yon broke the laws of man and were
jailed; shake yourself together, assert
your manhood, or think where you will
spend eternity."
The poor sufferer makes spasmodic
efforts to shake himself together, but
from childhood onward all that was
essential to the development of a
healthy, strong will haB been denied
him. He fails. When he sees his
spiritual and moral advisers, well clad,
healthy and happy, he is ashamed
and slinks across the street to hide
himself from their sight.
Some day he will awaken, tear the
web from his eyes, and see himself
as he is, not as others say he is. He
will realize that he and others like
him are not what they are, because
his moral, spiritual and legal advisers
are what they are. He will realize
that robbery means victims; that robbery by a class from a class means
a class of victims. Then his docility
will give place to anger, and when his
anger is swelled by the anger of his
class, the reckoning will come.
Applies Equally to All Who Depend Upon the Exchange Commodities in Order to Exist.
No sooner does a body of working-
men go on strike than we read, ln a
tew days, that the boss has all the men
he wants. If everybody Is employed,
where do the men come from who take |
the strikers' places?
Everybody HveB today by selling
something. Coal merchants sell coal.
Steel manufacturers sell steel. Farmers sell wheat, corn, potatoes, etc. The
beef trust sells beef. The railway
magnates, the shipping trust, and telephone and telegraph magnates sell the
use of the means of transportation
and communication. Lawyers sell
their ability to expound law. Doctors
sell their skill as physicians. Clergymen sell the influence they hold on
the working class. Labor leaders
often do the same. The working class
also sell their power to produce necessaries and luxuries of life, or they
sell their labor power.
In capitalist society everything ls
turned into a commodity, that is,
everything is bought and sold, from
the virtue of women, and even to the
Grace of God. Labor power, though
being subject to the vicissitudes and
fluctuations of the market the same
as other commodities, differB in several ways from all others. It being
the only real ** factor in production
it is the only commodity, which, when,
consumed, produces a value greater
than itself. Failure to sell implies not
only the perishing of the labor power
itself, but also of its owner, the'
laborer, and his dependents, and the
laborer can sell his labor power, only,
bo long as it increases capital.
The value of labor power is determined by the same economic law as
all other commodities, namely, the
cost of production, and the cost to
produce labor power is the amount ot
the necessities requisite to produce it,
or the labor time necessary to produce those necessities. But a commodity may sell above or below its
real value. Its market price being determined by the law of supply and
demand, and competition. The greater the supply of any commodity over
the demand, the keener the competition between sellers, and the lower
the price will fall, and vice versa.
As labor, power is always in excess of
the demand, at many times and
places, it sells even below its minimum cost of production, the bare subslstance of the laborer. Of course
this deficiency is made up in the way
of poor relief, feeding of school children, free lunches, as provided by the
starvation army, and other such like
parasitical institutions and schemes.
At the most, labor power, on the average, can't sell above Its value, the
cost of production. If the purchasing
power of the labor (and that is his
real wage) was to*increase on account
dt a reduction in the coBt of production- of necessaries, the competition
between the workerB to sell their
labor power would bring down the
price to its old standard again. Suppose the workers in a given locality
were receiving more than the true
lvalue for their labor power, whether
the cause be due to the relation between supply and demand, or to organization, workers will be attracted
by t;he high wages till the supply exceeds the demand and the tendency
jls that wages would sink, not only
Ito what they were before the .rise
itook place but even lower still.
I At the present time the price of
jlabor power is higher on the American continent than in Europe, due
to the difference in the proportions of
supply and demand. And what is the
result? Workers all over Europe are
packing their commodity over-here as
fast as their means will allow, each
with his own individual package of
labor power, to compete in a market
where the supply already exceeds the
demand. And as has often been said,
What are you going to do about it?
This question is for Socialists as well
as non-Socialists. We have been too
fond of putting the blame on slaves,
who, election after election, endorse
wage slavery by supporting the representatives of the ruling class. The
fact is, they don't know any better.
We Socialists claim that we know
just what is the matter. If so it is up
to every Socialist Local, and every
Socialist to make it his duty to take
part in the distribution of leaflets, of
which the Clarion staff can turn out
enough to flood the country. Each
Local should see to it, that no working,
man in its constituency can say they
never read anything about Socialism.
There is no excuse for any one, as
the distribution requires no great mental or physical power. Get out, comrades, and be doing. Make the fight
interesting. Let the ruling class feel
your grit and determination, by doing
your' share in removing the greatest
obstacle between us and our emancipation, namely, the ignorance of our
fellow slaves.
R. W.
By the by, have you an economic
class in your Local? A comrade said
to me the other day: "Good job I
went to the economic class this morning, or I wouldn't have known what
them fellows, who were arguing the
point meant by, constant capital, and
variable capital."
We are going to give you a chance
to keep the Clarion going, and unless
you respond at once we tell you honestly that the Western Clarion cannot
last more than a month.
We want 5,000 new subscribers inside of four weeks and if every one of
you do your best we can get that many
We want this paper sent to every
house In your town and It's up to you
to see that it gets there.
We want money to put organizers
ln the fileld next winter in every
province of Canada,. We can do lt
through the Clarion.
It we can't get the Slaves to come
to us we have got to go to them, and
the Clarion Is one of the best mediums.
Now, here is our offer, which is
open till the 16th of July: We will
send the Western Clarion to any address in Canada outside of the city
ofgYancouver for three months for ten
cents. We wll send it to the British
Isles, New Zealand or South Africa
for the same price. Outside of these
places we have to pay extra postage,
so we cannot reducj the price.
We will sell you six-month sub cards
for thirty cents apiece, dollar sub cards
at sixty cents, till the 16th of July,
after that date they will cost you the
old rate.
Three-month sub cards wlll cost you
i5 cents apiece till the 16th of July,
but three month subs without cards
will cost ten cents. The cards can be
used after the 16th of July, that is
why they cost a little more. Don't
forget we need the money, so buck up.
The Upltca States, Australia, foreign and Vancouver is not included
in this special offor. owing to extra
In 1907, according to the United
States Geological Survey, 3125 men
were killed and 5316 injured in coalmining accidents in the twenty-two
states that produce 98 per cent, of the
American coal; ln 1908, 2450 were
killed and 6772 injured. In the decade
ending with 1908, 19,469 men were
killed in the coal mines of these
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion reports that ln the seven years
ending with 1908, 23,895 employees
were killed and 335,964 were injured
on the railroads of the country.
According to the United States Census Bureau, of all deaths of adult
males from 1900 to 1908 inclusive
126,567, or 9.1 per cent., were due to
accidents, and the United States Bureau of Labor says: "It is safe to
assume that about one-half of the
deaths from accidents among males is
the result of industrial employments.'
A working class whose energies are
mainly directed towards bucking an
overstocked labor market can never
become revolutionary.
Good results will follow only when
the working class refuse longer to
allow Its enegersles to be bounded by
the wage system and organizes politically to capture the club.
What is hard work for a few becomes easy when many help. Don't
throw your burdens on another comrade; it is not fair to him or yourself.
Are you one of the 400? Write and
tell us that you are going to Bend in
one new yearly for the Clarion each
month. Don't let yourself be dragged
along.   Push!
Ten thousand new readers for the
Clarion ln one month.   Are you on?
.    By John M. Work.
The capitalists grab at every cent
in sight.
They get men and women to work
for them at the lowest possible wages,
without regard to their comfort and
the welfare and the comfore and welfare, of those dependent upon them.
They frequently compel their employes to work in vile and unhealthy
quarters, where their lives are threatened by disease.
They employ children and press
them through the same process of de-
They build hovels and tenement
houses In the most undesirable places
and rent them to the workers at exorbitant rates. They take care not to
have these hovels and tenements too
close to their own mansions on the
broad and beautiful avenues. They
do not want to degrade themselves
by too close proximity to people who
earn an honest living.
They contribute to the campaign
funds of all political parties that will
aceept their bridges—and that means
all except the Socialist party.
They influence legislators with
money, flattery, intimidation, or perquisites, and get passed such laws as
are in their interest, and rejected such
as are not.
They treat poor men as inferiors and
regard themselves as the lords of creation.
They bring extraneous influences to
bear upon the courts, besides hiring
the shrewdest lawyers ln the land.
And they rarely fail to get the decisions they want.
They unconcernedly indulge in extravagant luxury and vain ostentation,
while men and women and children
with human hearts and souls and feelings and longings actually die ot starvation, and while millions of others
live on the ragged edge of poverty,
destitute of all the refining and ennobling influences of life.
They do all these thingB because
they have the power to.
They have the power to do them
because they own the exploiting industries which the workers have to
use in order to live.
The remedy Ib the collective ownership and operation of the exploiting Industries.
And that ls Socialism.
However, we cannot blame the Capitalists for the present frightful conditions.
They monopolize the good things
because we permit them to do so.
Private ownership of the exploiting
industries enables them to have and
and to hold possession of the capital
of the country and wrest from the toilers most of the value of their labor.
Whenever we see fit to abolish the
private ownerahip of the exploiting
industries, this exploitation will cease.
We wlll get the full value of our labor. We will guarantee ourselves an
opportunity to earn a living. Involuntarily poverty will be a thing of the
We have only ourselves to blame.
If we lived ln a country where the
workingman had no vote, it might be
But in this country the average
workingman has a vote the same as a
Capitalist. The workingmen outnumber the Capitalists and their satellites
many times. The workingmen can
therefore bring exploitation, poverty
and economic uncertainty to an end
whenever they wish. They can do it
by voting the Socialist ticket.
If you do not vote the Socialist
ticket, quit growling because you are
deprived of everything worth while.
You are getting what you voted for.
The National Secretary's report to
the National Socialist Convention at
Indianapolis brings out the folowlng
points: The total Socialist Party
membership is 125,826 as against 84,-
716 in 1911; and 41,751 in 1908. The total vote In 1910 was 607,674, as against
424,483 in 1908. The total number of
Socialist officials In the United States
is 1,039. The total number of Socialist periodicals is 323. The national office have sold nnd distributed during
the year 3,000,000 pieces of literature.
It also handled during the year 1,545
lyceum lectures, in which were sold
24,735 boks and subscriptions taken for
Socialist papers to the number of 50,-
You can get ten of the men in your
Union to read the Clarion for three
months and lt will only cost a dollar.
The man who says that present conditions are good enough for him ought
to have the dose Increased.
The laboring man has no time to be
anything but a machine.—Thoreau.
The worker Is a machine.
The function of the machine is to
produce wealth. In order to be kept
in working condition, the machine ls
given a certain amount of care and
food—cleaning, oiling, repairing. After
the machine ts worn out, it is thrown
on the scrap-heap as no longer of use.
Ditto with the worker.
The function of the worker is to produce wealth; and in so far as wealth
consists of exchange-valueB, labor produces all wealth. The employer
treats the worker as he treats a machine. The toiler receives a certain
amount of "oiling" in the form ot
wages; and these wages are only
enough to buy the food, clothing, and
shelter required to keep the machine-
man in condition to perform his work,
and reproduce his species. When the
worker is worn out; when his muscles
become flabby, his mind dulled—when
the energy of youth has been sapped
by the life-destroying industrial grind,
then the worker is cast aside on to the
scrap-heap of the unemployed.
If a machine is invented, more efficient than the one he may own, the
employer invests in the more efficient
machine—more efficient ln thai: lt
either produces more cheaply or in
more abundance; most often both.
And when the employer can secure,
say, women and children, to work more
.cheaply than men, he casts aside the
male, and coins the sweat and blood
of women and children into profits—
the Moloch of the ancient Carthaginians consumed fewer children than
does the Civilized Beast of Capitalism.
The machine Ib inanimate. Not so
the worker. The worker feels this
grind. The agony and despair of Industrial toil converts the men, women,
and children of the working class into
Symbols of Sorrow—"old before their
After the day's work is done, the
machine rests. It "forgets" the incessant, racking toil. But that racking,
incessant toil is a Banquo's ghost to
the worker—it will not down. It rises
to destroy his recreation, and drives
him to drink. It haunts him ln the
dead of night, and conjures up the tor.
ture of tbe working day.
"The laboring man has no time to
be anything but a machine."
The worker's. individuality ls suppressed. There is nothing individuality-inspiring in working at a machine,
ln being a mere cog in the machinery
of production, and being treated as
such. And when the worker goes home,
his exhaustion prompts not thought
and Intellectual pleasure; his system
requires soothing. The moving picture
show's popularity is a brilliant flashlight on the condition, mental and physical, of the average proletarian. Too
tired to do anything really pleasurable,
yet craving some pleasure, the worker
"enjoys" the soporific "movies."
There is no soeiologlc reason for the
continuance of this horrible state of
things. Why should men and women
overwork themselves, when It has been
scientifically ascertained that all the
needs of humanity can be produced
with modern machinery by three or
four hours' work a day.
Why should man be the slave of the
machine? Why not have the machine
become the slave of man, doing his
bidding and his work?
AH that is possible. All that is needed is the Socialization of the machinery of production—that the working
class, through their industrial organization, shall take possession of the planXs
of production, and operate them rationally and scientifically for the benefit
of all the workers.
Starvation wages will no longer exist.   The workers shall receive the full
social value of their labor.
Inhumanly long hours of work shall
be but a phantom of the past. Hours
shall be as low as the Improvements
of machinery warrant.
Industrial slave-driving, the grind
that knows no mercy, shall be eliminated; and work becomes a pleasure.
Children shall live their lives In
peace and plenty, building strong,
healthy minds and bodies.
And all the evils of modern society,
directly traceable to economic exploit,
atlon and poverty, shall be used but as
goblins to frighten children and old
women with.
Life shall blossom forth into a
"thing of beauty and a joy forever."
Soelalism is the sun of the proletarian future!
By responding to our special sub offer you wlll enable us to put an organizer in the field In every province
this fall. PAGE TWO
IHE ISMN clarion
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the "Western Clarion, Labor Tsmple,
Dunsmuir St.. Vancouver, B. C.
11.00  Per Year,  50  cents   for Sli Months,
25 cents for Three Months.
Strictly  ln  Advance.
Bundles of 6 or more  copies for a period
set not  less than  three months,  at the rate
tt  one   cent   per  copy  per   Issue.
Advertising  rates   on   application,
lt you  receive   this  paper,  It  Is paid for.
In making remittance by cheque, exchange must be added. Address all communication and make all money orders
payable to
Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St., Vancouver,
B. C.
C*yy—Wa-tch the label on your paper. If
ti, 3 thlt number Is on lt, your eub-
sarlptlon   expires   the  next   issue.
SATURDAY,  JUNE   15th, 1912.
The capitalist press ls always alert
to safeguard the interests of the labor
unions against the Insidious attacks
ot the Socialist element within their
ranks. While careless and unobservant persons may indulge the fancy
that though this Socialist element is
the only really live factor in the movement of organized labor, it is by no
means a threatening danger to capitalist Interests from the trade union quarter, the astute press is not so easily
befooled. Long practice at the profession of prostitution in the' service
of capitalism has trained its nostrils
to an acute nicety In the scenting of
danger to the interests from which it
fattens, no matter from what quarter
that danger may threaten.
The New York Times of recent date
contains an editorial entitled "Social-
Ism and Labor Strikes," in which a
most tender solicitude Is manifested
for the dear trade unions as against
the vicious machinations of the wicked Socialists. Such tender solicitude
is touching in the extreme and should
awaken the heartfelt gratitude of
every "safe and sane" trade unionist,
from a capitalist standpoint.
The editorial ln question has evidently been called forth by the strike
of hotel waiters in that city. Says
this editorial squirt: "Keen observers
of existing conditions have discovered
a Socialistic tendency to foment and
encourage hopeless labor strikes, . . .
for the reason that defeated strikers
are valuable recruits to the ranks of
the-discontented." No matter how
great the ability of the scheming Socialists to "foment hopeless labor
strikes," their wicked schemes are uncovered by "keen observers" and pub
lished to the world in order that good
union men may not be drawn into a omlc class and do our little business
ones, who, by "encouraging hopeless between Bolche's "Evolution of Man'
strikes" and "engineering" other wicked schemes, would thwart the "efforts
of the unions to better the industrial
and social conditions" of its members.
Such tender solicitude must not go
unacknowledged. A vote of thanks is
due the "Times" and all others of its
kind that are equally solicitous in
behalf of organized labor.
To be thus watched over and safeguarded against' all "evil influences"
is touching In the extreme. Out with
the troublous "Socialistic" element
with its wicked schemes and vile purposes. May we continue to be mothered under the sheltering wing of its
tender solicitude.
The progress of your local can be
gauged by the number of subscribers
it obtains for the Clarion, and by the
number of leaflets it distributes per
man, as well as by getting names on
the voters' list and otherwise building
up and perfecting your organization.
Showing   the   Struggle   of   the   Few
Against the Apathy of the Many.
Bearing well in mind the fact that
from the experience of the past can
be got useful knowledge that will hell)
in the future, a few stray thoughts on
the progress of the Socialist movement in this place may be of benefit
to others who will flnd pitfalls to be
Let me say that some 12 years ago
organized Socialist effort was put
forth in this city. Those who took
part were almost entirely of a Utopian type and wholly reform in their
appeal. The few exceptions were
some who supported the S. L. P. to the
extent of reading its papers and in
some cases joining as members at
large. The reformers dwindled away
into craft unionism and religion. Some
of those prominent were blacklisted
and had to leave town. The S. L. P.
element made no attempt so far as I
can see at propaganda, and have been
of little account ln the subsequent
awakening of the workers.
In the depression of 1908 the writer
helped form a local of the S. P. C. We
had one or two of the comrades of
Toronto local speak here. Members
came in fast and easy. We Tented a
small hall for alternate Thursdays,
and then the fun began. Most of those
who were with us were out of work.
First of all, they wanted a job or lo
borrow money, or to sell something
The majority of the crowd expected
the economic salvation of their class
to come from some other source than
their class—some thought from the
master class—some thought from
Jesus (a few of these think so still)/
You may imagine what a clean-up
there was in a short time; our numbers were thinned, but we were forced
to give up the hall and meet at the
members' houses to conduct our econ-
line of action detrimental to their
highest and best interests, as Interpreted by the prostitute press of their
Since then we have held some scores
of meetings on the market square and
in halls. We have taken hundreds
of subs, for the Clarion.   We have put
Of course, If the accusation be true QUt tnousand8 ot leaflets and man!
that these wicked Socialists "foment festos> and in Bplte of all this we flnd
hopeless strikes" in order to gain "re-, now that we nave not enough strength
crults to the ranks of the discontent- tQ contlnue t0 oe a local of the s; P
ed," their base purpose might be easily Q, c ,
foiled by granting some concessions j We thought about a year ago that
to the strikers. This would tend to ( the worker8 were not responding to
"encourage!.' only hopeful strikes and j our eftortB a8 they should do. It was
thus bring to an end the recruiting of ■ ot because of want of knowledge or
the "ranks of the discontented," ac-jof earne9tnes8 on our part. Every
cording to the dastardly plan of the | organizer who has been here has
wicked Socialists.    This simple plan testifle,i t0 tnat.   Well, we must have
and Engels' "Origin of the Family."
George Newnes, London, Eng., publishes a cheap edition.
A seceding faction starts up a
"Christian Socialist Fellowship.'
They have distributed some literature
and also held a lecture. A few words
of censure by the organizer of the
S. P. local results in a further bunch
of quits. "It's all true," they agree,
"but don't tell us about it." Well,
the wage slaves here are sure in a
tight fix. The pressure of competition
for jobs between the Turk, Kurd and
other races of Southeastern Europe,
who have a low standard of living, has
driven the native Canadian worker
out of the shops and to the West.
Next depression will see a mushroom
"Socialist" organization here. Many
"comrades" refuse to take part in
propaganda because "the local hasn't
a large membership and doesn't run
men for office."
Some "comrades" are members of
capitalist clubs and are great on billiards and reforms. Some of our own
party members who never could speak
either on the soap box or in the hall
are very eloquent when doing the
rounds of the bar-rooms in town.
Comrades, there is no virtue in buy
ing a due stamp and sticking it into a
book. That in itself will do nothing.
There is no uBe having good books
unless they are read and studied. The
way to educate the working class is
to educate the working class, either
by speeches or literature, not by getting in a back room and talking about
doing it.
The way to study economics Is to
study economics, not by smoking a
foul pipe and talking about "work."
The way to organize to capture the
political machine Is to organize to capture the political machine, not put a
nickel in the hat when somebody tells
a lot of funny stories.
So, comrades of the "Western Clarion," this is our tale of woe. For the
present discontinue the bundle of
Clarions, but send on the leaflets.'
There are three of us here who will
see to their distribution, one of these
being at present in the hospital with
his arm chewed up in his master's
machine. Send in your bill for same
to me and I will report progress from
time to time. It seems too bad, when
the sentiment among the workers is
rapidly coming our way, that we have
not a few comrades with backbone
enough to organize and attempt to
give this sentiment a chance to manifest itself.
W. D.
Attend the next and every meeting
of your local, keep your dues paid up,
assist in organization work or quit
and make room for those who will do
something. The Socialist Party of
Canada refuses to carry dead weights
any longer.
home to recuperate my energy so as
to be on time for duty in the morning. I felt sick and sorry that such
things could occur ln a Christian
country and undeir British government, too. I was awakened in the
night by loud cries which came from
the padded cell. I remembered that a
fine young specimen of humanity, a
Scotchman, a lumber Jack, suffering
from alcoholic poisoning, had come in
the day before. He had been drinking freely of wood alcohol sold as
the genuine stuff, for which your city
is so famous, and ln a short while
became as mad as a hatter.
The other orderlies, worn out with
hard work and want of sleep, shouted
to the night slave to make the sufferer
keep quiet, or do something to him!
. "Alright!" said the latter, a young
Englishman just out from the old
country and in his first job and glad
to please everybody, "I'll give him
something to quiet him." He went upstairs and soon returned with a hyp-
ermedic syringe, charged with an
overdose of morphine, which he injected into the arm of poor Scotty.
He soon became quiet and did not
disturb us afterwards.
The fresh young Englishman told
us ln the morning without a sigh, that
he had given him 'Strychnine instead
of morphine," and Scotty was dead.
All this was too much for my
nerves and I commenced to holler.
They burled Scotty, and a week afterwards told me that they had no
further need of my services, as I
talked too much Socialism round the
I took my packages round to my
old diggings, and saw some of the
boys. I commenced telling them all
my troubles, but unfortunately, they
had had coffee and doughnuts for
lunch, and red herrings and tea for
supper, and the three of them commenced to vomit at the rehearsal of
my story.
They have not spoken to me since
for they could, or would not, believe
my story, and in any case they had
been too delicately brought up to be
told such things.
Now, the moral for all these calamities ls poverty. The doctors committed a crime because of it.
Scotty worked too hard and went
into excesses to counter balance his
weariness through it.
The orderlies had to work too hard
and too long so that they did not care
a damn who died so long as they
were allowed to sleep, and so on.
Don't you see that, when we are
able to stretch out our hands and help
ourselves with all the good things of
life and ease down In the making of
them, that such fearsome things as
I have related will not happen?
C. McM. S.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays In month nt Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm. Watts, (Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Becre-
tury, Box 647, Calgary
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE, 8. P. of O., Invites all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Your correspondent with the slmllie
of the appendix in last issue of "Clarion" reminds me of the true story I
heard from the lips of a doctor friend
before I left Vancouver three years
ago.   It was as follows:
Don't forget the leaflets, two dollars
a thousand. We will send you one
hundred a week for ten weeks and it
will only cost you two dollars.
to offset the machinations of the apostles of discontent seems to have
escaped the notice of the "keen observers" altogether.
Further on in the same able editorial the accusation is made that the
"pressmen's strike," in Chicago, "was
engineered to increase the circulation
of the Socialist newspapers at the expense of the strikers." The responsibility of this accusation is placed upon
the shoulders of a Mr. Harding, whom,
lt is alleged, speaks for Typographical
Union No. 10, of Chicago. Be that as
it may, however, It would seem that
the Socialists are prompted by more
than one motive.     They, in one In-
a permanent hall with a signboard.
We got one. Those who had been
loudest in their demands for the hall
now began to parade before the
audience. ReBult: A call-down from
the local and a "resignation." Then
commenced the back-biting and sneers
at honest comrades who were doing
their best.
Then threatened dismissal from employment of a few of the active ones.
Then the Independent Labor League
and the Rev. Wm. Madison Hicks and
anti-reciprocity and anti-Socialism.
Then the challenge of a newcomer to
town of the S. L. P. to debate Hicks—
the debates, the exposition of Social-
stance, "foment hopelesB strikes", ln.ism before large crowds by this S. L.
^order to "recruit the ranks of the dls-|p comrade and. the writer and the
"contented," in another to Increase the I gubsequent conversion of the reverend
circulation of Socialist papers. Howjone and n|s joining the C. S. F., Local
many more vile purposes they have In
stock ls problematic, but will no doubt
be disclosed by "keen observers" in
course of time. The "Times" editorial spasm winds up with the following
gem: "A clear understanding by all
trades unions of the evil influences
the Socialists can exert ln the efforts
of the unions to better the Industrial
and social conditions of their members
Is most desirable." The tender solicitude for the welfare of the unions Ib
thus once more made manifest. The
"Times," like the rest of its tribe, Is
greatly Interested In the efforts of the
unions to better the "industrial and
social conditions" of their membership. Tbere Is no doubt about that.
Every union man, if he knows anything at all, knows how valiantly these
capitalist sheets come to the assistance of his union when it ls engaged
In a struggle with the bosses over the
question of wages and hours.
Every union man's heart should
swell with gratitude towards the capitalist press that so fearlessly exposes
the    machinations  of    those  wicked
client entered his surgery
with her a young son who was suffering from some slight ailment. On
examination our good friend, the down
and out doctor, pronounced the boy's
case as appendicitis (?) and recommended an operation straight away.
Fee $200.
The horrified parent would not consent without a consultation with another physician and the good doctor
straight away gave the name of a
party who would advise the fond
pa-rent correctly.
When the Interview was over our
worthy hurried to the other physician
and explained the whole matter, telling him that the kid had a bad cold
Berlin.    Many condemned us for ot""!and BOme congestion, and hoped that
attitude   toward   the   reformists   and h(g frlend would help him out as he
•Recognizing the fact that military
patriotism is on the decline and that
enlistment's in the militia are not coming in as fast as they used to, the cap-
At that time the prolitairlans were italists of Massachusetts have sue-
not the only ones up against it for ceeded in forcing a bill through the
the bourgeois professional class were ]aBt aession of the state legislature
in it deep. Plenty of people sick but maiting the discouraging of any one
no one with the price to pay for a -rom joining the militia a misdemeanor
doctor. One of the latter fraternity punishable by a fine not exceeding
had not had a case for months, he »500 or by imprisonment for a term
had a wife and family and kept a not exceeding six months, or both,
maid of all work, and lived in a house The danger that iurkg behind this
In the best part of Vancouver. I ,aw for judical minded people and for
At last the tide turned; the wind . Socla,-3tB tn particular can only be
sprang up so to speak, and an old realized when the scope and magnl-
brlnglng' ■   - 	
Socialist   Party   D:
Socialist Party of Canada,  meets second   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Committee: Notice—This card Ib Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. D Houston, 493 Furby
St..  Winnipeg.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace Bay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary. Rot
491, Glace Bay, Jj. S.
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir Street. Business meeting
every Friday ,ln the month at 8 pm
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.   Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
LOOAL   OBXENWOOD,   B.   C,    XO.    t,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Oreenwood.
Visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary
LOCAL    FEBNIE,   S.  P.   of   C,    HOLD
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting first Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380
LOOAL ROMLAjra, XO. SS, S. T. ot C.,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box  126.
Finnish branch   meets ln   Flnlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 64, Rossland, B.C.
LOOAL MICKBL, B. 0., XO. 16, B. T.
ot C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty invitation ts
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the first'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. In the same hall. Party
organisers take notice. A. S. Julian,
LOOAL  NELSON,   8.   T.   ot  C.,  MBETS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m., in
L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St. W. H. Oll-
mour, Secretary:   	
LOOAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,   'NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Guyman, Secretary
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
in the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K, Sandon. B. C.
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, over Collis
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
t p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allan,
Business meeting overy Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice eacli
Thursday, 10:30 u.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Social] t Hull, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Nnylor.
S.   P.   of   C—Business",-..-
flrst Sunday of the tnonth^s.
ganda   meeting   every    thlrW™
Free word for every body, atilji
dova Street East,  2 p. m.    SecTe?
Ad  Kreekis.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 2217
JIain Street.   Secretary, Wm. Myntti
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. 5. A. Maedonald, secretary 1724
Alberni St.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.', ~XO     "t.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.:
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box (I,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday nt 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 022 First St.;
Organizer, W. Stephenson.
of C—Business  meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.  429  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between  Third  and  Fourth  streets.
A. S. Julian, Secretary
every Sunday, Trades Hall, ( p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, t
p.m., Tradus Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1041.
ot C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda meeting. Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second nnd fourth Mondays at t
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellaileu, 144 Third St..
Brandon, Man.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third tun-
days In the month, at 4 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Pan-
cock, Box 1983
OP C.—Propaganda meetings evsrr
Sunday, 7:30 p. in., ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, S p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Htll
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organl»r,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
B. P. OP C—Headquarters (28 *A Main
Street, Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting evary
Sunday morning, at 11; economic clan*
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
ln Draamland Theatre, Matn Street, at
8  o'clock.    Discussion  Invited.
LOOAL   OTTAWA,   XO   8,   8.   P.   OP   O.
Open ulr meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeuu Street. Business meetings,
flrst Sunday In month in the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary. Snm Sturgess Horwlth, 16
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
TIME—Headquarters ln Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. in. Alfred Nash, secretary,
Box 168; Harold O. Ross, organizer,
Box 606.
LOCAL    SIDXEY    MINES    XO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propa- ■
ganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344. 	
TION of the S. P. of a, is organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukralneun workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstlno Ave., Edmonton, Attn. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write to J. Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
some even wanted us to endorse Hicks
and his reforms!
Then comes the "Clarion" leaflets
and the series of leotureB this winter in our little hall. We got good
crowds, but no workers In the movement.   Most of them had jobs to lose!
As for the leaflets, we'll, we cannot
get the make-believe Socialists and
false-alarm revolutionists to give a
hand in their distribution. The lecture
hall had'degenerated into a bummers'
roost and was used chiefly as a smoke-
room and spittoon. We endeavored
to put through a course in industrial
history and sometimes the lecturer
was choked in the fumes of wage plug
tobacco. Very few benefited by the
teaching. Their attention was given
to keeping their pipes alight.
In connection with this study, let
me say that we found a little book by
Edward. Clodd (who Lewis speaks of
In "Evolution, Social and Organic"),
called "The Story of Primitive Man,"
to be very useful.   It acts as a bridge
must have that $200, as he was right
up against It. The maid having struck
for her wages and two months rent
tude of this bill ls understood.
The law reads ln part as follows:
"Any person who wilfully either deprives a member of the militia or naval
reserve of his employment, or denies
him employment, or prevents his becoming employed by another, or obstructs him or his employer in respect
of his trade, business or employment,
because of such member's connection
with the militia or naval reserve . .
. and whoever dissuades any person
from enlisting In the militia or naval
reserve     shall be deemed gull
ty of a misdemeanor   .   .   ."
In view of the fact of the heroic part
that the State militia played In Intimidating the women and children in the
Lawrence strike, it is easy to understand why the capitalists of the good
old abolitionist state are so eager to
maintain, protect and increase the
strength of these loyal hirelings of the
being overdue. etploiting class.   If the law should be
The physician promised his friend   •;,,.,. .,   ....      . .    ..  _
to do what he could, and    straight .»«fhf,d * the^courts of the state^then
away told the lady on her arrival that g will mean that any man who dares
it was certainly true her boy had appendicitis. With many tears and lamentations she left her boy with the
butchers, who, on the next day, made
a superficial cut In the outer skin
and stitched it up again.
After a few days the wound was
sufficiently healed to allow his mother
to take him away after flrst paying
the fee of $200.
And thus was the down and out doctor with his wife and his four children
and the maid with no wages and him-
Belt and perhaps the cat all saved
from starvation and the streets.
At this time I was an orderly at
hospital, and after I had heard theBe
facts related by my friend, meandered
to criticize the militia or to advise
young men not to Join lt may be prosecuted under this law and pay the
heavy penalty.—The Call.
If you wait till the revolution, you
won't get subs offered any cheaper
than we are offering them, ten cents
for three months.
Due Stamps, each .." 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 25c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 50c
Duo Cards, per 100 $1.00
Constitutions, each  5c
Receipt Books, each 10c
Warrant Books, each 25c
Buttons, each  40c
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
'our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker •
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ins struggle for possession ef the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it bjr
political action.   This is the class straggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. Tha transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization snd management ef industry by
the workers.
3. The es**blishment, as speedily as possible, .of production for,
use instead of production for profit
The Socialist Party when In office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make tha answer to this question
it* guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance tha interest*
of the working class and aid ths workers in their elsss struggle against
capitalism T If it will, the Socialist Party is for lt; if it will not, tha
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it. '
In accordance with this principle ths Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed ln its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
Meeting of the executive held June
4, 1912, Comrades Read, Burge, Leona
Anderson, and the Secretary being
present. Correspondence read and
dealt with from A. E. Faulkner, Dominion Executive, and Locals Innisfail, Kingman, Edmonton and Diamond.
It was decided by the Executive to
send Comrade Burge to Bassano,
June 9, to assist the Comrades of the
newly formed Ixical Bassano, in their
efforts to line up the workers.
ComradeB Alf. Budden and Charley
O'Brien, Provincial Organizers, appeared before the Committee and
submitted reports on their respective
organizing work throughout the Province.
O'Brien reported that he had held
37 meetings in various sections of Alberta, since the adjournment, of the
House, and, wherever he went, held
highly successful meetings, and found
a lively Interest manifested ln Socialism. During the month he addressed meetings in a new district,
Prairie Dell School House, and left
the farm-slaves there "thinking it
The combined Locals west of Calgary and Edmonton are arranging to
hold a Socialistic Picnic on June 21st.
Our jovial member of Parliament will
lend his presence to the festivities of
the occasion.
Comrades ot Rocky Mountain School
House have called upon O'Brien to
address meetings and organize a
Local in that district on the 15th
and lGth of June.
Budden reported for the month of
May: "Number of meetings held; Calgary, 2; Lethbridge, 5; Medicine Hat,
3; Edmonton, 14; Canmore, 1; Bank-
head 1. Statement of finances as follows:
'From Alberta Provincial Executive   $ 25.00
From Lethbridge      10.00
From Medicine Hat     10.00
From Edmonton      50.00
From Canmore       5.00
From Calgary      16.00
From Bankhead       5.00
Several Alberta comrades have suggested getting out a "Special Alberta
Edition of the Clarion" for the last
week in July. It is suggested that the
edition be composed of articles from
comrades in Alberta. So if you are
anxious to see this materialize, you
can help by writing an article and
send it to S. K. Read, Box 647, Calgary,
Railway fares  $ 55.00
Hotel expenses, etc     46.00
Total $101.00
In hand     20.00
"Called at Taber but held no meeting. Comrades, however, taking steps
to organize Local. Sale of books,
O'Brien and Budden reported that
splendid propaganda was made during
the recent bye-election in Edmonton.
Both Organizers are going to invade
the Crows Nest Pass this week.
The Secretary submitted the following financial report for the Ex-
ectulve, and the Committee then adjourned :
Balance on hand last report .... $26.06
Red Raven, due stamps        2.20
Medicine Hat, due stamps      2.00
Bassano, charter and due stamps   5.80
Linda, due stamps   80
Innisfail, due stamps      1.20
Edmonton, due stamps     5.00
Calgary, due stamps       1.00
Dominion Executive, for charter.$ 1.00
Dominion Executive, supplies ... 10.00
Stationery supplies for Sec'y ...    1.20
Total  $12-20
In hand  $31.86
BURT H. ANDERSON, Secretary,
Alberta Provincial Ex. Com.
Previously acknowledged  $ 2.00
H. E. Horn beck, Calgary 25
T. R. Slate, Calgary 50
H. Burge, Calgary 60
H. Adle,  Calgary    25
T. Williams, Calgary 50
Burt E. Anderson, Calgary     1.00
S. Kunar, Calgary 50
Jno. D. Dower, Calgary 60
J. B. Mergler, Calgary   ,     .60
J. N. Sosln, Calgary 60
Frank Danby, Calgary      1.00
I. Churgin, Calgary      2.00
7. E. Creer, Calgary      .50
S. K. Read, Calgary       .50
J, T. turner, Calgary      1.00
Thos. Hooker, Bassano, 50c
per month  50
Comrade C. H. Snell, of Red Deer,
promises $1.00 per month, and W. E.
Hardenburg and H. C. Besant, both
of Red Deer, will give $5.00 each in
Your Comrade,
BURT B. ANDERSON, Secretary,
Alberta Previnclal Ex. Com.
Summer time ls a bad time to get
subs, but you cannot resist the offer
that we are making you, ten three
month subs for a dollar.
Moose Jaw, June 4, 1912.
Comrade Editor:
The cloven hoof has been shown at
last in Muzzle Jaw, and like any other
place, where slaves are exploited, the
master class, does not like his subjects taught, that word "freedom" especially by Socialists, who teach the
"Materialist conception of History" on
Sunday nights, as we are too revolutionary. H~^
The fault ls th'at we are not revolutionary enough, as we have not got
the time to be as scientific as we
would like,, but we are getting there,
or else the cloven hoof would never
have been shown. These fellows
whose occupation compels them to
wear black clothes, and rattle of parrot
like fashion, their spiel every Sunday
night—even monkeys can do the same
thing—and their pitiable attempts to
solve the social questions that ar*
around us. All revolutionary socialists
understand their remedy and will have
none of it, for when the honey is
spread the bees flock around and as
we are spreading no honey, and as
there is nothing to be got out of us,
they buzz off elsewhere, and are attempting to stop the movement by
having us put out of the picture show
on Sunday nights. They approached
the management, and told hlm to stop
renting us the hall. It being dollars
and cents to him we had to go. As
our teaching is directly opposed to
theirs, they dub us ignorant working
men. How saintly and Christ like, to
stab us in the back. Ignorant slaves
who built their churches, manse, sidewalks, motor cars, dig the ditches, and
make their furniture and everything
that makes life worth living to them.
The stigma of old is still attached
to us slaves who sell labor power for
food, clothing and shelter, whether
we have souls or not, and those who
do nothing useful in production are
afraid of our teaching of the "class
struggle," and the "Materialist conception of History," and the law of
'surplus values."
Therefore their puny attempts to
stop our meetings, and as we are
socially despised, we even have not
got access to the streets. A lane
where all the garbage lies is our al-
loted spot in this burgh. Our meetings have been steadily going on for
a year and our attempts at education
must be bearing fruit, or we would
not be interfered with, but our meeting place to all comrades Ib the Lyric
Theatre from now on, and Comrade
Bruce of Regina speaks this coming
Sunday on "Christianity and Socialism."
He spoke here two Sundays back
on the "Unwritten History of Man,"
and he handled it to perfection to a
crowded house. He was surprised at
the audience we get since the time he
spoke here a year ago.
We are having an exchange of
speakers, ours go to Regina, theirs
come here. An organizer for Sask,
ls our new task. The election will be
on soon, and perhaps some of the
older comrades will be thinking us opportunist at sticking up a candidate,
but if we can by any means get an
organizer at the expense of the
powers that be," to teach the workers
at large in Saskatchewan our propaganda, Ib our mission, and our hope
will be "the world for the workers."
This is our platform, and Comrade
Bruce showed the fallacy of any other
movement to emancipate the workers,
outside of the Socialist revolutionary
dope. The two armed movement came
ln for some hard knocks, and Comrade
Bruce could handle it well. He ls a
speaker to be reckoned with either in
a gab trap, or on a soap box. More
power to his elbow. He who would be
free must strike the blow. We are
doing it.   Yours,
Till July 16
Western Clarion
will be sent to any
address in  Canada,
Great Britain or New
Zealand for
Three Months
Ten Gents
Five Yearlies
Three Dollars
Ten Six Month
Three Dollars
Ten Three Month
One Dollar Fifty
Sub. Cards Good After
We want to get the number of members in good standing in your Local.
See that the secretary makes out the
quarterly report card and sends it to
the Dominion Executive Committee. If
he hasn't a report card let him write
us and we will send one. This Is urgent. See that it is attended to at
your next business meeting.
Why not get the names of ten homesteaders around your district and give
them the chance to read the Clarion
for three months. It will ■ only cost
you a dollar.
Say, that fellow lhat is working with
you should read the Clarion. Get his
name and address and ten cents and
we will send it to him for three
We have come to the conclusion that
you, as members of the working class,
want something cheap. We were always aware that the workers were a
cheap bunch, and we have been doing
our best to get you out of that cheap
mode of existing; but it seems of no
avail to expect you to support a good
paper, you want shoddy clothes, cheap
shacks, adulterated food, and now you
want a cheap paper; no use trying to
deny it, you have had an opportunity
to get at least one of your necessities
at a good price, but you could not get
out of the rut.
We are offering you subs, at a price
that will bring us no working expenses. To enable ub to receive subs,
at such a low price, we have had to
cut out one more meal a day. We have
had to give up our double bed to a
stranger and our sleeping apartments
are 6784 C. P. R. We received a pair
of overalls and a jumper from the
Starvation Army the other day for four
bits, so we won't need any more
clothes for a while. So it's up to you
ta take advantage of this—sacrifice?
Here's a bunch that paid a decent
price for a sub.:
Alex. Taylor, Toronto, Ont    5
Lewis Store, Vancouver, B, C    5
0., G. M., Vancouver, B. C „ 4
W. Green, Toronto, Ont    3
Alfred Nash, Glace Bay, N. S    2
R. McKay, Merrltt, B. C    2
Wm. McQuoid, Edmonton, Alta    2
A. Budden, Organizer     2
W. S. Cocks, Regina, Sask    2
F. W. Spencer, Kamloops, B. C;
P. Atkinson, Fernle; H. Wilmer, Fernie; J. E. McGregor, Crawford Bay, B.
O.i A. W. Munro, Nelson; J. Churgin,
Calgary; W. Lewis, Calgary; Thos. G.
Mahepeace, Lacombe, Alta.; Jas. Bre-
reton, Edmonton, Alta.; C. M. O'Brien,
Calgary; W. S. Cocks, Regina, Sask.;
L. R. Larson, Richard, Sask.; H. Kir-
win, Toronto, Ont.; T. W. Allen, London, Eng.; Geo. Warren, Victoria, B.
C; G. C. Macleod, C. McDonald, S. Do-
herty, Bod Wade, G .Richardson, Vancouver.
Alex. Taylor, Toronto, Ont., 5;  C.
W.    Sprlngford,   Marwayne, Alta., 5;
Local Calgary, Alta., 100.
Some of the ruling class are talking
of celebrating the close of a century
of peace. Peace, Is It? When or
where has there been peace for one
moment under capitalism? "The blessings of 100 years of peace!" What
utter rot and hypocrisy.
Young English Socialist, (24),
desires situation on fruit or
mixed ranch in B. C. First class
references. Geo. Soane, 912 19th
Avenue West, Calgary.
By J. O. Bentall.
You remember Miles Standish,
John Alden and Priscilla in one
of Longfellow's poems.
Priscilla was a beautiful maiden, the fairest among the pilgrims that had landed at Plymouth Rock.
Standish was a soldier, a proud
and haughty captain. He wanted
Priscilla, but was too clumsy and
cowardly and awkward to woo
John Alden waB a common ordinary man who was used to go
errands for the captain and in
a general way serve him.
Alden was an intelligent young
fellow and a good worker. Incidentally he was also a good looker, erect, broad shouldered and
so on—just what girls in novels
and otherwise fall ln love with.
Alden and the captain were
friends and the captain explained
that while he could go into the
mouth of the cannon and the
jaws of death on the battlefield
wUthout fear of trembling he
could positively not muster up
courage enough to face Priscilla
and take no from her In case she
would reject his proposal. That
would kill him.
So Alden was induced to go to
Priscilla and plead the case of
the captain.
Alden put the matter squarely
before the girl and with all the
, fervor of a true friend held up
the virtues and fame and possessions of the captain and
urged her to take him.
He told her how he loved the
captain and how gloriously she
would shine as the wife of the
great Standish.
But he couldn't budge the girl.
She simply couldn't see it that
way. Her eye had been on Alden
and her heart was already inside his coat.
The upshot of the whole business was that she just blurted
out, "Why don't you speak for'
yourself, John?"
That just knocked John silly
for awhile and he had an awful
time absorbing the idea that he
was Just as much entitled to the girl
as Miles Standish. If Standish was
too lazy and too awkward to go after
her he could go without her. The
girl held the same opinion and that
suited John Alden exactly just as
soon as he got next. H^~^~
Well, now, what's all  this got to
do with Socialism
Let's see.
There is tbe beautiful maiden, a
grand, inexhaustible earth, with resources superabundant to-give joy and
happiness to a whole race.
Then there is Miles Standish, the
haughty, selfish, brutal Capitalist. He
wants the maiden and semis for John
Alden, the worker, the Intelligent producer of all wealth, and says to him:
"You go and get Priscilla, the fair
maiden, for me."
And John, the worker, like a big
dunce, fearing that he might hurt the
feelings of the Capitalist, goes out and
wears his life out to get the girl for
the other fellow.
The earth has stood it as long as
she can, but now she Is crying out
with all the impetuosity of a bewildered maiden, "Why don't you
speak for yourself, Mr. Worker?"
The Capitalists call on you in these
days for them, to elect their men, to
work ln their interest.
The earth in all her glory calls on
you to woo her for yourself. The
earth and the workers belong together. They love each other. They are
suited to each other. They will be
unhappy as long as they are separated.
Don't go and plead for Capitalism,
for the big exploiter.
When you vote the old ticket, either
the Liberal or the Conservative, you
are pleading for the captain, the Capitalist class, the exploiters.
When you vote the Socialist ticket,
you are pleading for yourself. And
you won't need to plead hard. The
maiden loves you.
"Why don't you speak for-yourself,
FREE to every
Every socialist in the world should get FREE
this thrilling story of the "Ball and Tyler Rebellion"
—an uprising of the people against the nobles and
church in mediaeval England. Not one in a million has
ever seen this rare document which is merely one of
thousands of wonderful' 'original documents'' in the
Library of Original Sources
which ALL socialists can get on an easy, co-operative
plan. This marvelous library is an eye-opener—it gives
the TRUTH that for ages capitalist influence haslcept
from the people to keep them under subjection. Here you
see the gradual rise of the people thru 7,000 years, from
slavery, serfdom, feudalism on to capitalism, all of which
shows you as plainly as a cross-roads guide board how the
Socialist Republic is developing out of the present system.
Show* How the Socialist Republic is Coming
Gives—for the first time—the real facts behind the ordinary
surface events which you read of in histories — the rock-bottom facts
red-hot from those daring men in all ages who had the courage to tell the
TRUTH even though they lost their lives for it —and you know how
many of them did.   This daring work is
Published Expressly for Socialists
and other progressive people who do their own thinking:. All socialist
writers, editors and organizers use it and urge every Comrade to get it at
once. Socialists In the United States and Canada are using more of thu
work than of all others combined.   No.other work gives more than
5* of this red-hot stuff.
The Socialist Victories
In Milwaukee, Schenectady, Berkeley, Pasadena and
other cities were won because the comrades there have been
studying all sides of economics and government —or to
put it in plain words—Socialism.   Then when the election fights were op they were able to show the rest of
the people just what Social■Rm is and the reason for
it. Men will vote right, you know, when they know
what right is Theyhavenotbeen satisfied with
the government of greed, privilege and plunder—they have been merely kept fn thedark,
but now when the comrades open their
eyes, they VOTE RIGHT.
.Are You Prepared
To Do Your Part?
The old capitalist papers and
politicians are boginnine to take notice
—they are Betting scured. The hardest
liaksmuBtbestruck NOW. Areyoti pre*
Bared to help? Merger. 8porgo, Warren,
Imons.LondoL Wayl nnd. Gay lord, Untermann, Irvine, Lewis —ALL leaden
•ay the best preparation you can make f»
to read tne Library of Original Souroee
—"greatest work extant for socialUta."
If you want to help—and wo
know you do—fiend today for the wonderful "Ball and Tyler" story, and find,
out how you oan get a whole library of
the same kind on the easiest co-opei
tive plan in the world.   BUT only I—
introductory edition will be distributed
on this plan, no write today or yoa may
!><* too late, an the large edition ts going
like hot cakes.
"Hello, Mr. Farmer. What are you
"Digging potatoes."
"Have you any to sell?"
"What are you going to do with
"I sort them into four piles."
"What do you do with them then?"
"The big pile of line potatoes you
see over there I give to the landlord
as land rent for the privilege of living on the earth; the next biggest
pile I give to the money lord as Interest; the third pile I give to the politicians as tax, and the little ones I
give to the hogB, and what the hogs
don't eat I eat myBelf. So, you see,
between the landlord, the money lord,
the politicians and thc other hogs I
get my living,"
"But what do you do with the hogs?"
"I give them to tho railroad company for hauling the big potatoes to
the landlord and money lord,"—
Equity Farm Joural.
AM NOT AN I.W.W. or a Socialist.
But just a plain American born citizen who wants a Job driving for a
laundry, either motor or horse, experience, references, bond, single,
sober, 34. Address 407271, The
Times. M~~
This advertisement is one culled
from the Seattle Times of recent date,
and ls a striking example of what tbe
prostitute press can make of a man.
The Times has for some weeks carried on a virulent campaign of abuse,
and indulged in the most vicious lying possible to conceive of, against the
Socialists. We are a most wicked,
murderous horde of foreign, low born
jiiminals, according to the dirty rag
aforementioned. Hence the ad. The
advertiser Is a plain American citizen.
Yes, indeed he is very plain, so much
so, in fact, as to be ordinary—just a
plain, ordinary, belly-crawling slave,
peddling his virtues and his hide, owning that he has not the manhood to be
a rebel. And he,is proud of it. How
are the mighty fallen, when here ln
"God's country," sonB of the "brave
and free," with all the virtues of the
advertised slave cannot find a
master.   Verily, they    will
The Western Clarion, Vancouver:
Enclosed please find fifty cents to-
extend my subscription for six months.
It ls at once the strength and the disability of Socialism that its followers-
are the poorer men of the country. The
strength Inasmuch as we are the sufferers under the present economic
system and are eager for the newer
era that Socialism will bring ln, and
yet to an extent deprived of power
by pur Inability to render adequate
financial assistance.
I earnestly trust you will be able to
stay In the field and will not be forced
to suspend issue. I for one would
miss you sorely.
Yours truly,
Lacombe P. O., Alta.
Not a single move this week. Maybe it's the calm before the storm.
Let's hope so, anyway. We want to
see that sub. list shoot up 5000 Inside
the next few weeks.
Cumberland is entitled to those
books so far. Who will prevent Local
Cumberland from claiming them?
This is how they stand:—
have   to i Vancouver, B. C     1
come to the despised Socialist and be- Winnipeg, Man     2
fore long, too.    The masters' sacred | Calgary,   Alberta  3
trinity of defenders have  also  been, Toronto, Ont  4
busy showing their loyalty to their
class of late. The press has worked
overtime In their behalf with all the
known arts of their lying trade. The
judges, so beloved of Taft, have also
given all and sundry, warning lhat the
law must be obeyed or the penalty be
paid. Hanford of stenchful memory
has even gone so far as to create a
precedent ln this country by disfranchising a Socialist for no other reason
than that he was a Socialist.
And now the church plucks up her
courage and, ln the person of Father
Kane, creeps out from behind his pulpit and calls on all devoted CatholIcH
to be "loyal to the country and the
flag," ad libitum, ad pukem. ThlB
"lawless anarchist mob of fanatics,"
declared the worthy father, were imperilling the life of the nation; nay
further, in a spasm of rage or fear he
goes on: "Must our flag lay torn and
trampled In tbe mud, and our churches
be burned down, and God's name be
banished from the land?" And the
remedy? Why thlB: "Rebuke them
on their platforms, talk to them when
you meet them, and for God's sake tell
them the truth." Yes, do so, father.
We welcome the truth, and we want
to get a chance to talk about it ourselves. If the truth prevails, there wlll
be no church burning or other horrible
things the good father squlrmB about.
Oh, well; what Is the use? All the
mud-slinging, etc., can avail nothing
against the might of an arouBed working class.   So let it be.
F. S. F.
See that this special offer doesn't
Btop you from sending In that two bits
to the Provincial secretary for organizing purposes.
Try your next door neighbor with
a three-month sub  ten cents.
Victoria, B. C  5
Edmonton, Alta     6
Cumberland, B. C     7
Moose  .law,  SnBk     8
Fernie,  B.  C     9
Brandon, Man  10
Montreal   11
New Westminster, B, C   12
North Battleford, Sask  13
Nelson, B. C   14
Sllverton, B. C   15
South  Fort George,  B. C 16
(ilacc Bay, Nova Scotia     17
Ottawa,  Ontario      18
South Hill, Sask   19
Lethbridge, Alta  20
Everybody's doing it. Doing what?
Why, getting subs at our special price.
Dollar sub cards for sixty cents.
The Vancouver "World" says that
"the Conservatives are not afraid of
the Socialists, but they are afraid of
the Liberals," and also "that the Socialists are not afraid of the Conservatives, but they are afraid of the
Liberals." This will be news to Socialists, who are "afraid" of nothing.
Ten three-month subs, to the Clarion
for one dollar. Whoever expected
such a bargain? Say, are you ono of
the 400?
A Btrike is usually a scrap between
thoBe who have quit the job and those
whoBe necessity forces them into tho
vacated Jobs. It is always members
of the working class who get clubbed,
shot and beaten during Industrial disturbances. You poor "dumb, driven
cattle," why don't you organize politically?
You have some friends in the Old
Country. Why not let us send them
the Clarion for three months. PAGE FOUR
SATUR*)/ , JUNE  15th, 1912.
|     Leaflet Number Eleven.
We are living under a form of society termed capitalism.
All of the agencies of wealth production are owned or controlled by a small minority of the total population—termed
capitalists—who take no part in the matter of producing
wealth. Their sole function is that of appropriating the wealth
produced by the labor, of the workers, both of city and country.
In order to obtain access to the means of production—the
resources of the earth and the tools of industry—the workers
must make terms with the owners—the capitalists. In case
of the workers in the mills shops, mines, and upon the railways, etc., the terms of access take shape in the form of what
is termed wages. The workers are given employment upon
condition that they accept in return for their labor a sum of
money mutually agreed upon. Upon careful inquiry it has
been ascertained that this wage—or money payment—bears,
upon the average, a certain definite relation to the cost of the
requisite necessities of life to sustain the worker and his immediate dependents—his family.
The result of close search into the mysteries of capitalist
production lays bare the fact that the circumstances which
compel the worker to apply to the owners of property for permission to convert his energy into the things necessary to sustain his existence, "reduce him to the level of a slave and his
labor-power to that of a commodity that must be sold in order
that he may live. His labor-power exchanges in the market,
upon the average, for enough of the necessities of life to reproduce that labor-power. In case of a plentifully stocked
labor market the wage will be forced down to the actual life
line. At all times subject to the inexorable laws of the market
the wage-slave leads, even at the best, an uncertain, and often
uncomfortable, existence.
The farmer owning his farm and "implements of labor,
whether free of mortgage and other incumbrance or otherwise,
is more than apt to consider his case as different to that of the
worker of the industrial centres. Reference is here made to
the working farmer, he who by his labor operates, or assists in
operating, his own farm property. He fancies himself not as a
wage-earner, but as an independent property owner and oftentimes as a master, inasmuch as he frequently employs wage-
workers to assist in his operations. A careful scrutiny of his
case will, however, disclose the fact that in essence his status
in capitalist society differs from that of the outright wage-
slave in appearance only. Because of his apparent ownership
of land and tools the exploitation practiced upon him by the
capitalist combinations that control the industrial field as a
whole remains hidden from him. Though he feels the exploitation he has extreme difficulty in locating its source. As he
sees the proceeds of his year's crop disappear in his attempt
to satisfy the demands of the various commercial concerns and
agencies from which he is compelled to purchase his machinery
and other supplies he fancies the cause of his ills lies in the
extortionate prices charged for the articles furnished him and
the financial accommodations rendered. With this fancied extortion staring him in the face he loses sight of the fact that
-he is compelled to surrender the product of his toil into the
hands of capital, at a price over which he has no control. If he
examines closely the circumstances that compel him so to do
he will speedily uncover the cause of his troubles and disclose
the seat of that exploitation under which he suffers.
Commodities exchange in the world's market according to
the relative amount of labor time necessarily embodied in their
production. If the labor time necessarily expended,in the production of, say, a ton of steel, is equal to that necessarily expended in the production of a dozen pair of shoes of a given
quality and style, the ton of steel and the dozen pair of shoes
will exchange equally in the market or their respective price
would be expressed in the same money term, say $25.00. This
in turn implies that the amount of human labor measured by
time that is necessary to produce either the ton of steel or the
dozen pair of shoes is equivalent to the amount necessary to
produce thc gold embodied in $25.00.
This is briefly, and perhaps none too clearly stated, the
Marxian theory and analysis of exchange. The amount of labor
necessary to the production of any given commodity is determined by the carrying on of such production along the most
economical lines by the use of modern methods and up-to-date
Now for the farmer. He carries on his little part of the
wealth producing process, as a rule, in a small way and by
means of rather puny and ineffective tools as compared with
industry along other lines. The things he brings forth are
poured into the market chiefly as raw materials to be passed
through the hands of highly developed capitalist industry on
their way to be eventually consumed principally in the shape
of food and clothing. The process of production is not completed until thc finished commodities have been removed from
the market by consumers. Even then the food, etc., consumed
by the working class, both rural and urban, is consumed
solely for the purpose of again generating a further supply of
labor-power to be used in the continuation of the industrial
process during another round of the never-ending exploitation
■of labor by capital.
After having disposed of his year's products and squared
himself, as far as possible, with his creditors, the farmer finds
himself fortunate indeed, if he completes the season with as
satisfactory results as the wage-slave of the industrial districts.
If he comes out even he is fortunate indeed. Should he come
out a few cents or dollars to the good he becomes an object of
envy to his less lucky brethren should they be made aware of
his good fortune.
And what has our good farmer been doing all the year
other than sweat for the aggrandizement of capital, just like
the outright wage-slave? He has been compelled to coin the
labor of himself and family into wheat, corn, cotton, wool,
beef, mutton, pork and other farm products and pass such
coinage over to the huge combines of capital that control the
entire process and avenues of production and exchange. All
that he has gotten out of it has been, upon the average, merely
that which hrs wage-slave brother has got by selling his labor-
power direct in exchange for wages. The farmer and his family have been working for wages both as uncertain and narrow
as the worker and family of the factory, mine and railway.
His wage-slavery has been hidden from him by his fancied position of independent property owner. His property is no more
a badge of independence to him than is the carpenters box. of
tools, the insignia of freedom in his case. The fact remains that
the workers of both city and country are compelled to surrender their labor-power to the (masters of capital. If by virtue
of circumstances any section of workers succeed in first incorporating that labor-power into other commodities it is a safe
bet that those commodities must be surrendered to the rightful
owners—the huge capitalist combines that dominate the field
of production and exchange.
Property ownership in the means of production, by members of the working class in present, or capitalist, society is a
fiction. It cannot exist as a Met. The test of ownership of
property lies in the enjoyment or realization of all the benefits
accruing from the use of such property. If anything short of
such benefit is ,all that can. be realized by the supposed owner
there is a flaw in the title. The ownership is not absolute and
complete. This is most strikingly the case with the farmer. Iu
spite of his fancied ownership of land and tools the very fact
of his inability to realize the full benefit arising from their operation proves conclusively that he does not own these things.
The real owners—the capitalist combinations—take the pro-.-,
ducts of his farm. They are the real owners of both his farm
and himself.
The farmer, as he becomes wise to himself and his position,
lines up with his fellow-slave the outright wage artist, in the
class struggle between thc master class and the slave class, the
world-wide struggle for the mastery of industry—the former
to retain it, the latter to seize it. There is but one possible outcome of this struggle and that is the victory of the working
class. Its numerical strength, directed by its rapidly awakening intelligence and consciousness of itself and its mission, precludes any other result in the end. It will be a long and bitter
struggle. Many will fall by the wayside, but the saying will
be eventually justified that "Labor conquers all things." The
"expropriators will be expropriated;" the masters be relegated
to oblivion; the slaves of farm, factory, mine and transportation, shall become free men—free because masters of their
means of life, masters of industry in their own behalf.
Let it come.
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
A Good Place to Eat at
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
 (Continued from last issue)
flesh," and for a political libel in
The Republican, the Attorney-General
proceeded against Jane Carlile, and
she was sentened to two years' imprisonment in Dorcester gaol. This same
year saw Joseph Swann lodged In gaol
at Chester Castle tor issuing to the
public some matter from Carllle's Republican. He suffered imprisonment
for four and a half years. Robert
Wedderburn, prosecuted by the Attorney-General, received two years, and
Thomas Davidson, prosecuted by the
"Vice Society," got two years also for
a similar offence.
Mr. and Mrs. Carlile both In Dorchester gaol, the work was only temporarily hindered. Mary Anne Carlile,
lhe sister, took up the duties—knowing the risks attached to the same—
and published an "Appendix to Paine's
Works." The "Vice Society," like
carrion crows, swooped down upon
this noble-minded girl, and she received a sentence of one year's Imprisonment and was fined £500. She
was unable to pay the fine, and so
lingered in prison for two years. This
was one ot the
Most Atrocious Punishments
over known, for the chief indictment
was actually a quotation from an Archbishop's sermon. Nothing ls too meau
or vulgar, nothing too contemptihlo for
tyrants to stoop to when they have settled upon a course qf action, and the
one end which the "Vice Society" had
in view was to crush the dauntless
Carlile and his helpers.
In 1822 the Rev. Wiliiam Wait wrote
a cowardly and insulting letter to
Carlile, who was in prison, remember,
which provoked a reply from Mrs. Susanna Wright, who published her re-
n\y. The "Vic); Society," together
with the Attorney-General, prosecuted
her and she was confined in Newgate
for ten weeks and then sent to prison
for eighteen months.
Humphrey Boyle, Joseph Rhodes,
William Holmes, John Barkley, William Ranee, Charles Sanderson and
two others called Turnec and Atkinson, then came forward to support
Carlile and his relatives in prison.
They jointly published Mr. Carliles
"Letters and Correspondences," in a
sixpenny tract, in 1822, and were proceeded against by the "Constitutional
Association" for sedition and blasphemy. Barkley got six months on
account of his youth. Boyle was sentenced to eighteen mouths, and Rhodes
and Holmes to two years hard labour.
In 1823, with the Carliles still in
prison, William Tunbrldge stepped into
the breach and published Palmer's
"Principles of Nature"—two years' imprisonment and fined £100.
By this time the "Vice Society" was
looking pretty sick, not to say stupid, and feeling rather tired. No matter how persistently they tried, and
no matter how brutal and revolting
their crusade, the members of that
pious organisation found that "downing" the Carlile element was too tough
a job for them. Their last interference
with the struggle was the prosecution
of John Jones for the publication of
"Observations on Dr. Gregory's Evidences of the Christian Religion," in a
Letter to the Rev. William Wait of
Bristol," by Richard Carlile. No one
came forth, at the trial, however, to
prove the case, and Jones was found
"not guilty."
Jones afterwards served four months
imprisonment at Cold Bath Fields for
Shelley's "Queen Mat)."
At the Middlesex Sessions, May 1823,
the Solicitor to the Treasury prosecuted James Watson for the publication
of "Principles of Nature," and Samuel
Waddlngton was prosecuted for doing
ditto, by the Attorney-General—both
received one year's imprisonment.
Charles Trust, a boy, then came forward and continued the publication of
this same book. He was sentenced to
six months and fined £20. He suffered
further imprisonment instead of paying the fine.
In the year 1824 Carlile was Btill in
gaol (his fifth year of imprisonment),
but the light was aB determined as
ever. William Campion, Thos. Jeffries, John Clarke, John Christopher,
William Haley, Richard Hassal, William Cochrane, Thos. Perry, and Michael J. O'Connor, all shopmen ot Carllle's were brought before the Old
Daily Sessions, June, 1824, charged by
the Treasury Solicitor for the publication of Paine's "Age of Reason." Palmer's "Principles of Nature," and some
odd numbers of Carllle's Republican.
Campion, Clarke, Haley and Persy
were each sent to prison for "three
years, Hassell for two years, Jeffries
for eighteen months, and Cochrane,
Christopher and O'Connor each for six
months.   Thus Carlile and
Nine of His Workmen
were  all   suffering   imprisonment  at
Through sheer stubbornness and
couarge did these magnificent men
and women wear out their persecutors.
Altogether this intrepid "soldier in the
liberation war of humanity," Richard
Carlile, languished in British gaols for
nine years, seven months. Nothing
could deter him from the self-imposed
duty. Throughout his long and miserable confinement, he spent most ot
his time in writing bantering and ironical leters to the King, the House ot
Lords, and prominent state officials.
He sat behind the bolted doors, not to
rave and curse at his tormentors, but
to use a more deadly weapon—he
laughed at them. The quality, calibre,
and courage of this heroic soul may
be judged from the following, sent by
him to the Archbishop of Canterbury,
to be placed before the House of
Lords, and written during the sixth
year of his imprisonment:
The Humble Petition of Richard Carlile, a Prisoner   in   Dorcester Gaol,
That your petitioner is in the sixth
year of a continued imprisonment for
having sold two books hostile to the
Christian religion, various editions of
which have been on sale openly every
day during his imprisonment.
That the deep meditation of ypur
petitioner, during this long and solitary confinement, have led him to the
discovery that there is no such a God
in existence as any man has preached
or written about.
And he therefore prayeth, that your
Lordships call him to the bar of your
Right Honourable House to verify this,
his allegation, and, In case thereof,
proceed to remodel the laws of the
country accordingly.
The cool audacity of this Is simply
astounding. Six years loss of liberty
had as much effect in breaking the
spirit of Carlile as water has in trying
to disturb the equanimity of a duck.
To such
Inconquerable Spirits
do we owe the few privileges we possess.
Later prosecutions were not so numerous, nor were the penalties inflicted
quite so severe. In many cases the
culprits escaped scot free, as the saying is. The most important case was
that of John Cleave (1840), sentenced
to four months' imprisonment and
fined £50 for publishing Hallam's
"Letters to the Clergy." Abel Hey-
wood was also prosecuted for issuing
this work, but by influence escaped
trial. Henry Hetherington next received four months for the same offence. Hetherington was editor of
the Poor Man's Guardian, and was a
courageous opponent of the infamous
Newspaper Stamp Act.
The next important trial took place
at Bristol, before Sir Charles Wether-
all, when Charles Southwell was fined
£100 and sentenced to one year's imprisonment for an article in his paper,
The Oracle of Reason, (afterwards edited by G. J. Holyoake), January, 1842.
Thomas Paterson, the next editor of
this periodical, was sentenced at Bow
Street to three monthB, and, afterwards, at Edluburg, to fifteen months'
There is not enough space to enter
into detail, nor is the question sufficiently momentous to warrant our doing so, as to later prosecutions.   The
(Continued Next Issue)
Attempt to Throttle   Magazines   May
Succeed in a Way, But Social
ism  Will  Win  Out.
Keeping Socialism out of the maga
zines was one big bone-headed In
spiration. Only a ,bia*.n ossified by
capitalistic "shrewdness' would be
capable of Buch a dream, for magazines must have readers and readers
must have something about the world
In which they live. That world ls filled just now with Socialistic thought
and its whole current history Is monopolized by the march of the tollers.
Some of the magazines were strangled by the advertisers but still there
was a hitch.
Some magazine simply had to tell
about Socialism. Pearson's was one
of the most prominent to turn the
trick and Pearson's began to be read
and discussed throughout the country
as never before. Whether this will succeed as a business venture is another
question, but Socialism will not be
Now comes the Metropolitan which
has just startled Its readers with the
following announcement:
"The July issue of The Metropolitan
will contain two features which have
a special value at the present time.
Also they will continue to be features
of the magazine for some time to
come, and therefore they are worth a
word of two or introduction. The
first is a series of articles on Social-
Ism by Morris Hlllquit, the leader of
Socialistic thought in this country;
and the other Is a department called
"The World's Progress," edited by
Mr. William Mailly. This department
will be partly of an editorial nature,
but largely Informative, and will be
concerned with the real progress of
the world, that ls to say, with the
events and the movements which are
tending to improve the welfare of the
large masses of humanity."
At least one of the popular short-
story magazines seems to have caught
the fever also and George Allen England's powerful novel, "The Golden
Blight," Is now interesting thousands
who have heretofore fed upon pleasant yarns about dukes and duchesses,
or the way some wronged child really
of "noble" birth finally attained her
"proper place" in society. Comrade
England's novel is seemingly fancifui,
but it is up to elate and smashes capitalism right between the eyes. It is
running as a serial, weekly, in The
The attempt to throttle the magazines is being told by George French
in the Twentieth .Century Magazine.
Regarding Pearson's Mr, French said:
"Pearson's did not get off so easily
when next It offended an advertiser.
In its May, 1910, issue it printed an
article about 'How Food Prices are
Made,' one of the conclusions of
which was that 'there is a Bcarcity of
men in the food business who are not
robbers.' Plain language, surely. Too
plain, the Armour concern thought,'
and Its agents canceled an order for
the Insertion of eighteen pages of advertising. This ended the patronage
of the Armour's, and Pearson's discovered that the amount paid the aii-
thor for his excoriating article was
only the first installment of its cost.
The readers of the magazine applauded; they wrote letters to the editor, who, for his own part, considered
that he had rendered a public service
meet for substantial reward. AU he
got, though, was more blank space
in his advertising pages, and a liberal
reduction of his income from the
source."—The Citizen.
r inter
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