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Western Clarion Sep 21, 1912

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4BER 686
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nable to Dispose of the Volume of Wealth Made
Possible By Modern Production, They Become
a Nuisance in the Path of Progress.
Presumably capitalist production is
one'stage of experience through which
mankind mut pass on its journey from
the lowest form of savagery to the
highest type of civilization. That this
stage was entered upon during comparatively recent tlmeB ls a matter of
recent history. That it is rapidly Hearing its close is as plain as a pikestaff
to any one who is not absolutely blind
to the significance of the signs and
portents that now flash along the social and industrial horizon.       ,
Capital must grow, or it must die.
So long as it can increase in magnitude its permanence is assured. When
it can no longer do this the death
knell of capitalism has sounded. It
will be swept into the rubbish heap of
history .along with its obsolete predecessors feudalism, chattel slavery, barbarism and savagery.
Capital grows from the exploitation
of labor under the wage process. Labor-power ls a commodity, the owner
of which (the laborer) is forced to
sell in order to obtain the price of the
food, etc., necessary to maintain his
existence. As he owns no means ot
production through which to transform his labor-power Into the necessaries of life, he can obtain these
things in no other way than by selling
his labor-power to the owners of
means of production (the capitalists).
The value of labor-power is determined in the same manner as the value of. any other commodity, i.e., by its
cost in necessary human labor, measured by time. For instance, if the
productive power of labor armed with
the modern tools of production, is
sufficient to enable the average laborer so equipped.to,produce enough of
the necessaries of life in, say one-hall
a day, to keep him a whole day, the
value of his labor power for one day
will be equal to the value of the pro-
duet of one-half day's labor. This value will be expressed in his wages for
one day. This will be handed him in
the form of money with which he will
purchase the aforesaid necessaries of
life. In other words, his wages for
one day will enable him to purchase
the product of one-half a day's labor.
As he, however, works a whole day,
and is paid with the product of one-
half a day's labor, or Its equivalent,
it is manifestly clear that he works
the other half of the day for nothing.
The product of his labor for this latter half of the day is a dead loss to
him and a clear gain to the purchaser
of his labor power. It Is a new value
brought into existence by the wage-
laborer and appropriated by the capitalist. The laborer received nothing for
it, The capitalist received it as a reward for his "thrift, industry and abstinence," as any one can plainly see.
With its, millions of wage slaves
producing new or "surplus value" for
them the capitalists receive a- rich reward for the practice of the above-
mentioned virtues. All goes serene for
a time. Then there arises acrosB their
path a stone wall of difficulty that
brings them to a sudden halt.
The surplus-value (profit) that accrues to capital must be disposed of
or capitalist production wlll choke to
death. Some of this surplus will be
used up by the capitalists in the way
of personal expenses. It cannot all be
disposed of In this way, however. The
balance must be put out In the form
of additional capital. It must be added
to the bulk of capital previously held.
This, in turn, increases the volume of
surplus-value and thus still more rapidly furthers the expansion of capital.
At last the limit is reached. There are
no further fields of Investment available. There are no longer new worlds
to conquer. Capital can no longer
grow. Then the trouble begins. Production is curtailed. Many factories
are entirely closed. Mines are shut
down, railways lay off large numbers
of their employees. "tyages are cut
here and there. Thousands of hungry
"out of works" cry out for soup or
stand in the "bread line" for
hours to get a cup of coffee
libel and a stale bun. The entire
mechanism of capitalist production
cial superstructuie erected upon It
rocks threateningly upon its foundations. About the only cheerful feature
of the whole performance at this stage
of the game is the happy manner ln
which ruling class wisdom rises to
the occasion and expects to cope with
the difficulties. There was never a
ruling class in history that, at its best,
was anything but a tolerable nuisance.
At their worst they become such profound and intolerable nuisances that
human society in sheer self-defence is
compelled to abate them, no matter
how nauseating the job.
As a conglomeration of gibbering
idiots, the present ruling class ls perfection itself. In the face of the most
serious "industrial depression" that
has ever struck their Infernal thieveB'
game, and which threatens its complete collapse, the only way they can
discover to prop it up is by the liberal
use of the club and bayonet. As the
misery of their cast-off slaves becomes more intense and their cries
for soup louder, this is to be met by
an increase of the police force. The
gnawings of hunger are to be exercised by the vigorous application of
the club or the deft thrust of the bayonet.
From the ranks of the ruling class
and its horde of apologists and procurers there comes no suggestion of
any other solution of the problem
which is pressing so heavily upon
every land, except the use ot force to
suppress the misery that capitalist
production has spread with such lavish hand.
But "fools rush in where angels fear
to tread." The gibbering idiots who
contitute the self-ordained rulers of
the world today are goading their victims to the point where human endurance will break down. They will then
strike back with all the ferocity of
their savage forbears when driven to
bay. After the scrimmage is over the
stock of gibbering idiots and their retainers will be somewhat less than at
Come to think of it, ruling class
wisdom is a misnomer. No ruling class
e^er possessed such an attribute. The
rulers of the present, just like their
predecessors, hold their right to rule
and rob, not. because they possess any
wisdom, but because Ihose over whom
they rule possess even less. It Is the
rule of the club and gun. It is being
proclaimed from the housetops by
every act of our capitalist rulers and
their-hireling club-wlelders and military assassins. Those who are as yet
inclined to doubt this will have all
doubt dispelled within the near future.
We have just received a consignment of the above named pamphlets
published by the Socialist Party of
Great Britain, and will send a copy
to any address on the receipt of five
cents in postage stamps. This Is the
second edition of the pamphlet and
should be read by every Socialist as
It gives the only correct stand any
Socialist can take on the matter of
religion. Send in your orders right
away and get one of these 48 page
pamphlets for five cents. Address
Western Clarion.
Free Speech Stopped in Ottawa.
Free speech In Ihe city of Ottawa
Is a farce. Upon exercising this so-
called, much vaunted constitutional
right, Comrade A. G. McCallum, organizer of Local No. 8, S. P. C, was
arrested on a charge of violating the
city bylaw re traffic on street and
sidewalk, and is now detained in a
cold, damp cell subject to the treatment of an ordinary criminal. The
chief of police ls not on hand to state
what ball is necessary to get him out.
Looks aB if he must put in the night.
Will send  particulars later.
Yours in revolt,
This is one of the latest pamphlets
published by the Socialist Party of
Canada, and should be in the hands of
every one of you. After you have
read it pass it on.    Price ten cents.
Several hundred men of the Russian navy have mutinied and been arrested and it looks as Inough there
will be a general slaughter of the
Don't forget the collection cards
are to be given back to the secretary of
your Local b ythe 30th of September.
If you have not subscribed yet hustle
up the man with a card and get your
John Henry down alongside of two
"Sabotage" is a word of French origin. In English, as favored by Its
friends, lt means, "force—anything to
win.* It was practically unknown ln
this country until W. D. Haywood discovered it on his recent European trip.
Since then lt has been urged by both
he and the Chicabo wing of the Industrial Workers of the World, who declare against political action, and who
are called "the bummery" by the Detroit faction of the same organization. ,
Under the "sabotage" plan of striking, men don't walk out. They stay
on the Job, and whenever they can
find opportunity, they destroy property. In the coal region, they would ruin
the mine by flooding it with water, by
putting pumps "accidentally" out of
commission. In a machine shop, emery dust would be mysteriously placed
in the machinery. ln France It has
been said that waiters "accidentally"
put castor oil in the vinegar bottles.
The scheme appeals to the Ignorant
and base amongst workers. It is defended by "revolutionary" editors, interested in booming their circulation;
alleged Intellectuals, who are ignorant
of unionism, or even work shops; and
platform orators, who see in this theory good advertising material, because
it stamps them as "revolutionists."
It doesn't take a brave man to advocate "sabotage." In fact it's a
coward's doctrine. It calls for no intelligence in its application, and results
in a terrorism that the nihilist of Russia, who risks his life, would scorn.
The doctrine of "sabotage" grows
where intelligence is at a low ebb. Its
public defenders are aware of this
psychology, and appeal to the victims
of repression and force, who have
been dumped on our shores by brutal
capitalists, now called upon to pay the
cost by facing a doctrine foreign to
our institutions and belief.
The cause of "sabotage" is the employers. Men like Haywood could not
successfully defend "sabotage" If the
cause did not exist. "Sabotage will
never solve anything—it is destruction. It Is not constructive. It does
not demand brains, reason or logic. It
rests on force that strikes in the dark,
and will therefore never win—any
more than the present practices of
capitalists can continue without interruption and without check.
If "sabotage" is right, so is war.
And so Is brute force in any other
form, regardless of who it is favored
by.—Toledo Union Leader.
A few weeks ago several Hindoos
employed as teamsters for a firm just
outside Vancouver went on strike for
more pay. In the afternoon their
places were filled by white men who
were told that they would hav3 a
steady job. Next day the Hindoos
finding their places had been filled,
made overtures to the boss to take
them back at the old wage. The
boss, having taught the Hindoos a
lesson, took them back and fired the
white men who wondered why they
had been dismissed so soon after coming to the assistance of the boss.
"We must base our organization on
justice. We must demand nothing less
than justice. Justice must be our
goal and we will fight to the last ditch
for justice."
This iB the kind of dope that is being peddled to the miners of Vancouver Island by the so-called champions
of labor, the self-styled redeemers of
labor. What is justice? It is just a
catchword. It ls on a par with faith,
hope, charity, 'hell and heaven. The
bourgeois revolution was fought on the
principles of jnustice, equality and
fraternity. We have had justice, equality and fraternity ever since and we
will have it just as long as capitalism
lasts, 1. e., bourgeois justice, equality and fraternity.
We get justice today inasmuch as
we get the full i value of our labor
power, as a commodity, which is to us
what hay and oats are to the horse, or
oil or grease is to the machine. It is
the cost of replacing the energy spent
in production.
We have justice inasmuch as we,
as a class, are equaly exploited. As
members of a class, we are equally
slaves. We have equal opportunities
to sell our labor power and equal opportunities to starve when we can't
sell it. We can fraternize in the
mills, mines and factories where we
meet and gather to produce wealth
for the class that own them.
To fight the battles of the working
class against the master class, an organization that has no sounder basis
than justice, is not worthy of the
name. It is the conflict of interests
existing between the master class and
the working class that calls labor organizations into being and this conflict of interests is owing to the fact
that the master class owns the earth
and the instruments of production,
which the working class must have
access to in order to live. Therefore,
any labor organization, if it must be
effective, can only have for its basis,
the class struggle, a struggle on the
part of the ruling class to retain their
ownership of the means of wealth production, and on the part of the working class to wrest it from them.
This struggle must continue till the
workers recognize their status in
society and organize ln a body with
the firm purpose of wresting the machinery of wealth production from the
present owners and converting It to
the collective ownership of society,
whereby every one will have equal opportunity of access to the means of
life, and will receive the full social
value of their toil.
Which is something altogether different from the justice that is being
promised by the b-leeders of labor.
Cumberland, B. C, Sept. 9, 1912.
The Awakening Class-Consciousness of the Proletariat
a Cheering Augury for the End of Parisitism
and Noxious Influence of Individualism
Don't forget the call made by the
British Columbia executive for volunteers to take part in the organization
work to be carried on in the province.
Don't leave it to the other fellow.
Maybe you are the only reader In
your town who knows of the coming
of C. M. O'Brien, so it's up to you to
get busy.
A slave at the present time has
practically no exchange vaiiie, for the
simple reaaon that 1'itre has been
overproduction In the slave market
and a decreasing demand for wago
slaves, owing to greater productiveness In machinery.
All commodities which possess an
exchange value are exceedingly useful to the master class and overproduction is always nipped In the bud
when possible. Why? Because If too
great a quantity of any commodity is
manufactured or produced, it ceases
to have that magic quality called ex-;
change value.
Water, air and daylight have exchange value under certain conditions,
but on the average they are use values, that is, they are of benefit inhuman society, but are in such great
quantities that they cease to possess
any value whatever In the form of
In the centre of the Sahara Desert
a single glass of water to a human
being dying of thirst, would be worth
more than all the gold in the world, i
Now, how much would a glass of fresh
water be worth in the centre of any
of the Great LakeB? Its value would
be nil.
Wage slaves aro constantly complaining about tho treatment accorded them by thoir capitalist masters,
but as there are on the average from
five to ten men for every job, there
is a very great overproduction In the
slave market, consequently they have
ceased to be classed as exchange al-
Horses, mules, and various other
four-legged animals are exchange values for the simple reason that practically all the available pasturage Is
at the present occupied. They have
all one distinctive quality that the
wage slave has not, that Is, we can
eat the cattle and also the horses and
mules If forced to do so. Now, If the
capitalist would permit us to eat each
other, wage slaves would then possess an exchange value, and possibly
we would be kept fat and sleek like
other domestic animals.
It is a well known fact that large
corporations would rather pay damage
suits than apply safety devices for the
protection of human life and limbs.
Take the recent mine disaster at Cherry, 111.,, where nearly 400 miners were
entombed. The mine owners wished
to seal up the mouth of the mine,
without making a single effort to get
them out. They claimed It was tho
only way to put. the lire out. You
know how many miners have already
come out alive. If there had been -100
blooded horses in that mine, all kinds
of devices and means would have been
in operation lo save them.
In the face of all this evidence, MR.
WAGE MULE, do you think you are
worth a continental damn In any way,
shape or form? J. B.
It is a common belief that the motive of self-interest Ib an Inherently
wicked impulse. There can be no
doubt, however, that such an idea
arises from a misapprehension of what
really determines the goodness or
badness of human behavior. In point
of fact, it is not the mere striving
after material betterment which makes
actions Immoral. Only when such
a course involves evil consequences
does it deserve reprobation. A reliable ethical judgment can, therefore,
be delivered on such and such a line
of conduct only by a reference to the
circumstances under which it has
been pursued.
Let it be supposed, for example, that
a member of a shipwrecked crew
which is on quarter rations, contrives
to get, by some underhand means, double the amount of food and drink allowed to his mates. Without doubt
this would be a most reprehensible
proceeding on his part, and he should
certainly be regarded as a selfish
scoundrel. Yet, during normal times,
the same individual could consume
twice as much as he had done at a
period of distress without being liable
to any censure. Thus, this sailor's
character is entirely dependent on his
surroundings; first, upon the physical
needs of the rest of the crew; and,
seconly, upon the quantity of necessaries at their disposal. Under a peculiar set of conditions he may perpetrate a great deal of harm, although
with all his cunning he is half-starved;
whilst, conversely, if the voyage happens to be prosperous^ he may be a
glutton on occasion and still not inflict the least injury on anyone.
What holds good in personal morals
is equally susceptible of application in
the wider field of social ethics. If it
were possible of demonstration, for instance, that an increase of wages
gained by the workers would cause
real suffering to society at large, we
should readily acknowledge there were
some grounds for calling those persons selfish who seek to improve their
economic condition. But such evidence
shall never be forthcoming, because
the productivity of labor has now practically no limits. The problem at present Is not how wealth Is to be produced, but rather how it can be profitably sold. Warehouses are everywhere filled with foodstuffs lying useless and rotting for want of consumers. Moreover, the bourgeoisie is always in search of new territory to be
used as a dumping-ground for the ever-
increasing volume of commodities created by the ceaseless exertions of the
working class.
Indeed, so glaring is the disparity
between the productive faculties of
the tollers and the extent of I heir
powers of consumption as prescribed
by the existing state of capitalism,
that we have no hesitancy in affirming the more content they are with
their lot the more selfish are they. For
It is evident the lesser the amount
the wage-slave receives In exchange
for his labor-power, proportionately
weaker will be his class and relatively
more |lowerful will be the capitalists.
Consequently, modesty on the worker's
part ln his economic capacity really
constitutes a crime of the darkest
hue; for by neglecting his material Interests he Is, directly or Indirectly,
sowng the seeds of untold misery
among those with whom he has everything in common. Whereas, on the
other hand, If he be class-conscious,
he cannot subvert other people's
rights. The proletariat Is the modern
subject class. It represents the lowest Btratum of society. Nobody can
exist beneath it, because Its labor
maintains all institutions. To produce wealth is the distinctive function of the members of that class. To
Bteal what Is thus created Is the sole
employment of the remainder of civilization. Hence, even were the workers to become revolutionary in their
aims, all that they could possibly
achieve would be to stop the wholesale
robbery practised by the capitalists.
vb"edlroducingggg tdlnpllats:ffvc:lbee
Needless to say, there would be no
danger of the latter being condemned
to be exploited in the event of a successful revolt against their rule; their
paucity of numbers gives them Immunity from such a fate. Neither
would physical violence be offered
them, unless, of course, they refused
to desist from their evil way of living.
One rule there Is, nevertheless, which
the  new order  of things  should  cer
tainly insist on our present masters
observing, namely, that they take off
their coats and earn their livelihood
in a decent manner like honest men.
It will be easily understood, then,
that the lachrymose outpourings of the
press, say, during the miners' strike,
were neither more nor less than the
hypocritical expression ot the class interests of those who fatten on industry. However much the pious exploiter may declaim against the materialism of which a brief summary was recently attempted in theBe columns, it
is nevertheless true he has contrived
somehow to bring its practice to a
high state of perfection in the important transactions of his life. Proof of
his attainments in this connection is
to be found in. the fact that he recognizes the toil-worn multitude do not
spontaneously accord him an idle and
a luxurious existence. Having the same
physical wants and instincts as himself, he realizes they would, if left
to their own resources, adapt their
conduct to the requirement of self-interest. Hut apprehending that experience is the basis of knowledge, the
wily bourgeoisie utilizes the advantage
which it originally gained in possessing itself of the political machine, by
trying to exclude the working class
from every opportunity ot discovering the truth. To effect that purpose,
the vilest elements procurable are essential; therefore, the services of the
religious dodger, the literary prostitute, and the labor shark are requisitioned.
It is the duty of the parson to take
up the role of confidential adviser to
the exploited ones. When- (hey manifest signs of getting tired of their burdens, the man of peace points out that
this world is only a preparation for an
eternally blissful state, and that, accordingly, it Is clearly the Divine will
that they, the poor brethren, should
experience poverty and undergo hardships of every kind. Such being the
lot assigned to them by God Himself,
patience and obedience to superiors
are the virtues which they should cultivate. If they do so, their reward will
be lasting and glorious—in the problematical future.
More difficult Ib the task of the hack
writer.    His chief end is to enforce
Goldsmith's dictum: —
"Those that think must govern those
that toll."
Political economy, as expounded by
its older professors, such as Petty and
Ricardo, teaches that labor applied to
natural .resources is the source of all
wealth. Valuable as their contribution
Is, it did not make the science what
It is generaly understood to be, that
is, a complete explanation of the existing method of wealth production.
The formula is neither definite nor
comprehensive enough to be nn adequate Interpretation. Karl Marx, however, took up the proposition in its
crude form, gave It scientific precision,
and developed it to a logical conclusion. As our present purpose does
lot permit a detailed treatment of
Marx's line of reasoning, suffice It to
Bay, therefore, that the broad result of
his economic studies was the establishment of thc doctrine of surplus value.
If labor, argues Marx, is the Bource of
all wealth, then It Inevitably follows
that, since the workers are the sole
producers of that wealth, the proletariat must be robbed by the bourgeoisie. This was a crushing indictment of thc parasite class; for the
world saw for the llrst time the cloven
hoof of greed revealed In all ita hide-
ousness. Hence the Increased need for
the mercenary scribe. In consequence
of the ruthless logic of Marx, tbat gentleman had to endeavor to demonstrate that tho emanations from the
capitalist's brain contribute in some
way or another to the value of commodities. As a result, thc "Wages of
Ability" Ib now the theme upon which
lhe hireling apologist bases his defence of capitalism. All Ills effusions
urc but variants of that fundamental
proposition. Even hiB rhndomontade
about the selfishness of strikers Is In
reality a plausible attempt to Impose
upon the unwary the unwarrantable assumption that the Interests of the masters  nie  Identical   with  those  of  tho
And the Labor "leader"—yes, he also
has a function, a very liaBC function,
lo perform. In common with his accomplice, the cleric, he pretends to ex-
(Continued on page two) PAGE TWO
Published every Saturday by tho Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Tvmple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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faunlcatlona and make all money orders
oayable to
Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St., Vancouver,
better chance to win than the Socialist
Party. The old "People's Party" waB
hoodwinked Into obllvlan by exactly
that process. The adroit Bryan, as
an unscrupulous and noisy braggart
a fairly good second to Roosevelt, played the principal part ln doing the job.
However any party that callB itself
Socialist and has a platform from
which can be taken any planks that
can be used by the enemy has something yet to learn before it can read
its Socialist title clear.
The Roosevelt aggregation has
seized upon certain catchy planks in
the Socialist Party platform, and if
signs do not fall these are to be used
with effect ln holding the Socialist
vote down at the coming-election. If
the party speakers, writers and managers think, however, to offset this
by attacking Roosevelt they have another think coming.     They may paint
cq^—watch the lanoi on your paper, if Roosevelt as black as the devil him-
-ript.on exp!re.*"n.t-or„'e8xt0ni»B1u'. y0" "*"* Iself, and It will have little or no effect
"    — ! upon the rank and file of the workers
1912.  who are yet ignorant of the mechan-
 j ism of capitalism and its influence upon the working class.     If these speak-
A Presidential campaign ls now on ers,  writers,  etc.,  would  spend  less
in the United States.     The spectacle jtlme on  Personal  attacks and  more
afforded by the various  combatants I u"on «*MsMerinB the workers in re-
i gard to economics and the class strug-
may be, ln a sense, interesting, bqt ■  le tUey wouW accomp]ish far more
lt is not particularly edifying as a toward cutting the ground from under
display of common-sense and wisdom not only the feet of Roosevelt but tb.e
upon the part of presumably thought- entire Datch o£ capitalist candidates.
ful and sincere me-n.
The antics of Taft and Roosevelt
have offered an exhibit of coarse impudence and vulgar conceit that is
probably without an equal in human
history. It is but charitable to hope
that the dullwitted Tatt and the loquaciously egotistic "rough rider"
may be spared the^humiliatjon of ever
realizing what an asinine and undignified spectacle they have already
made, and are continuing to make of
As to Taft, he Is physically and
temperamentally typical of the capitalist hog at the zenith of ItB fatness.
Stand pat is the only attitude that
could be reasonably expected from the
capitalist hog at the present stage of
his career and Taft could express none
As a rank humbug whose only stock-
in-trade is colossal egotism and loud
noise, Roosevelt has no counterpart
ln history. He is such a transparent
fraud that it seems miraculous that
any are so dull of vision as to be
unable to see through him. As a
noisy and spectacular ass he has even
"crazy Bill" of Germany beaten a
Little need be said about Wilson,
the Democratic candidate. As an
exchange figuratively puts it, he is a
"bonehead." An apostle of capitalism, safe, sane and to be relied upon
to deal cautiously with such problems
as may be able to obtrude themBelveB
within the range of his capitalistlcally-
tralned mental vision, and in such
manner as to offer no "serious threat
to existing institutions, too well-bred
to make a vulgar and disgusting exhibition  of  himself,  as  do  Taft  and
Nothing short of thorough economic
knowledge can arm the working class
against the wiles of political and all
other kinds of tricksters, and it is
truly a pitiful spectacle to see energy
that ought to be expended in spreading that knowledge wasted ln bawling
out individual specimens of capitalist
roguery and mendacity.
Some of the most reckless and scurrilous articles that we have ever read
have found their way to this offlce
during recent weeks, mostly aimed
personally at this mountebank Roosevelt. That they are without virtue
in so far as convincing argument is
concerned is a fact. We, therefore,
deplore this waste of energy, this
foolish expenditure of time and effort.
No permanent and lasting good can
come out of it. We will even go further by saying not even a temporary
advantage can be gained by such
Above everything else we would
wish to see a Socialist campaign
based upon the virtue of our cause
as a logical and clear expression of
working-class interests as determined
by a thorough understanding ot the
materialist conception of history, the
theory of surplus value, and tho class
Let these be set forth to the workers as a guide ln their struggle for
better things. Let campaigns of personal attack go by the board. It is
too pitiful a spectacle to see the work
ing class expending its energies along
such futile lines.
"Pert" is no word to use to a Socialist organizer.    We have our dlgnlty
Roosevelt,   he will, if elected,   carry jtQ ^ aftOT and how ,g ,t tQ Buryive
out the mandates of dominant capi-1
tal with a scholarly polish  and dignity, entirely foreign to his immedi-  l***'*l>*->* sense of the dignity of position
against such assault and battery?   A
ate predecessors. He Is much too
smooth an artist to indulge in the
cheap buffoonery of a Roosevelt or
However glaring the hypocrisy or
rank the pretensions of any candidate
may be the mere laying bare of the
hypocrisy and pretense need not, and
usually will not, destroy his chance
of election. One reason for that is
that the bawling out of personal shortcomings and pccularltles Is no argument. The average person is far
more partial to a spectacular performance than to the feeble protests emanating from his own unaided reasoning faculties. The noise and bombast of a Roosevelt appeals to him
anyhow, because empty noise Ib the
only argument he Is used to, but that
appeal ls strengthened, rather than
weakened, when others attempt to
turn him away by bawling out the
bombastic one. The more he Is
bawled out the more convinced the
aforesaid average person becomes of
the virtues of his noise and bluster.
Oftentimes victory perches upon the
banner of a contestant for office for
the simple reason that his opponents
had no better sense than to attempt
to oppose him by means of personal
Judging from what we are able to
glean from the Socialist press
from the other side of the line more
energy is being expended by speakers
and writers in personal denunciation
of Roosevelt especially, and other candidates In lesser degree, than in setting forth those economic and political
truths upon which the emancipation
of the working class depends. It has
been discovered Hint the artful claptrap of lhe "Bull Moose" Ib well calculated to gather Into the "Progressive" fold numerous and sundry votes
is a thing sadly lacking in our organ
izatlon, as also is salary, but pshaw!
it's all in a lifetime, Comrade Rees,
is it not? There is also a great deal
of argument "about. It and about"
a little more can do no harm—maybe
a little good.
The Idea is this, will the answering
of your two questions in any way detract from or add to the essence of
the point at issue? Suppose a man
does visit a house of questionable
character, and suppose the proprietress of an hotel should live upon one
customer; Buppose upon the other
band neither proposition Is true; does
this touch the question of slavery*
Are we less slaves; are we any nearer
our freedom whichever is true?
Suppose, also, that the one hotel
customer you conjure with turned out
to be a woman, how would that affect
your profound enquiry?
You, however, know full well that
no hotel can exist, upon one customer.
If only one "bellied up to the bar"
per day (unless he happend to be an
"eight bottle Jaofkson" or a "hardy
entrail Bill") that inn would speedily
be on the rocks. You see, masculine-
like, we are making that customer a
man, the foregoing suspicion to the
contrary notwithstanding. It ls perfectly well known that women do not
flcient to enrich the capitalist and in
addition accumulate capital for reinvestment. It needB a mass of consumers of female vital energy in order to
enrich the owner of these slaves of the
red light district. The results of their
labor is handed up to their masters
and that is all. Death follows close
In their footseps, it is true. Death
stalks triumphant through the mills
and factores, slaying right and left.
Male and female slaves are only slaves
and nothing more. There are lots of
True again that delightful suppleness, that lithe and graceful buoyancy which glimmers around the form
of a well built and happy woman is
stamped out forever. These women
lose the beautiful softnes which lurks
so seductive in the face of a fully
sexed female and in its place is developed a hard and flinty mask.
It is also true that the grace and
symmetry of the male body, so strong
and shimmering with muscular action when untainted with toil; that
deep-voiced masculine character visible in every free anil fully sexed man.
is destroyed and broken by Incessant
labor in the slave mills or slave farms
of our masters. The woman who
takes to "dishonest" slavery mostly
develops a peculiar, calculating attitude as one who wishes to see the size
of your pocket book through your overcoat.
The man and woman who lives "honestly" develops a care worn and faded
appearance, broken and distorted they
live and die, running to large hands
and feet, backs bent and heads bowed.
All look live slaves, all live and die
like slaves, delivering physical energy
to our masters. Dominant man! How
dominant? It is true. Woman, the
"eternal" conservatice (not recation-
ary), the germ cell of our existence,
waiting passive the coming of the active agent, man, gives the appearance
of dominance to man. Is day dominant
over night, or only manifestations of
the same phenomena of light. Comrade McKenzie once pointed out how
deep-hidden in biology was this story
of dominant man, how the two sex
cells were of the same ultimate nature; developed from the single cell
for the purpose of better and more efficient results, by division of labor.
How each was necessary and complimentary to each other; how passive
and active were but parts of a complete unit and the writer would add
one of the greatest factors ln the
crumbling of this present system of
production is the terrific urging of that
same necessity. For look you, we are
not lighting for the machinery of production—as a machine, as a thing of
iron and steam—but because to us it
spells the survival ot the race or its
blotting out. We would fight as eagerly for nutB in a tree were we still
In the habit of swinging by our tails
and forepaws. Modern writers are apt
to ask why should the human race
survive; the deep hidden springs of
life within us ask no philosophical
questions, they only act—and that action demands that we do. Slave systems Btrike deep at the very source ot
life, they spread the terrible sex diseases, the terrible sex perversion, they
drive us further and further from what
may be regarded as our real purpose
in life; to recreate more life. They
stifle the means of subsistence, choking us more and more into strange and
peculiar channels. The home, (the
nest or den of early life) is destroyed
by modern capitalism, the slaves are
driven more and more apart sexually;
closer and closer together economically speaking. The terrible conrtadlc-
tlon fines its manifestations in frantic
crusades for votes and "woman's
rights." Woman, the outer covering of
those new liveB who knock bo insistently for release from this "vale of
tears," feels Ihe contradiction
keenly it not more so) as man. She
sees the devastating effects of prostitution and property law. She feels
the Irksome pressure of dominnant
capitalism and thirsting for her
physiological "rights," she turns like a
wildcat upon men. Men are dominant,
masterful, cruel,, they cry, "it is In
your hands, but you do nothing." MSB-
dames, it is in your hands also. These
same women, however refined, educated or suffragiBt, however they revile
dominant MEN, succumb as a rule to
some "dominant" MAN. He may he
handsome as a god or homely as a
squid, he is for a longer or Bhorter
period "my lord." Change is eternal,
but measured in human time is fearfully slow, thus the surface of our
earth is decomposing, but how far dis-
In Britain the "Press Gang" was
once an established institution. The
military in those days had the legal
right to arrest any able-bodied worker
compel him to drill, and send him to
war In the interests of the predatory
ruling class. They would tear him
from his family—from his aged parents, or his wife and children. The
system was cursed out of existence,
and today British people look back
with horror on the doings in the days
of the press gang.
In Autralia we have never had a
press gang taking the adult breadwinner from his home and family.
We do things far differently than the
British did of old. All we do is to
elect a Labor Party to Parliament to
represent the working class and this
Parliamentary Labor Party makes a
law, giving the military authorities
the power to tear the boy of 12 years
old from his parents, from Ills schoolteacher, from his playground. The old
press gang tackled the adults; the
new one wasn't game to do that so
it instituted a system of ■ kidnapping.
—Internationalist Socialist.
[l—_JLgL^.'AjJA*...V •* r *?~J^i rectory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm. Waits, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays In month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm, Watts, Secretary
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East.' Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tttry, Box 647, Calgary.
aAB*ri\i.i3SBJA*  MtovurciAi,   ax-
EOUTIVB, S. T. ot C, Invites all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organlza-
')l0on0in5tt'-'"s „Ad(lress p. McMillan,
|22 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw
Committee: Notice—This card is ln-
"vrViv. ''?*". the. Purpose of getting
YOU' Interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
§fcrt}Sr>\  J-   D.   Houston,   493   Furby
 St., Winnipeg. r
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton oftlco of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Bay
');, 8v, 1Jn", Cochrane, Secretary, »nx
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
Comrade J. T. Dempster of Clayton,
B. C, donates five dollars to the Clarion maintenance fund.
Comrade Chas. H. Lake of Stewart,
B. C, donates two dollars to the Organizers' fund.   Who is next?
Comrade L. R. Mclnnls of Sandon,
B. C, forwards one dollar for the organizers' fund; more to follow.
Local Montreal donates two dollars
to the Organizing fund. Where are
the rest?
Comrade Alex. Paterson sends in
his second dollar contribution to the
Organizers' fund, and some of you
haven't started yet.
Socialists are not hoping to get a
glorious time in heaven. What they
want is a good time on earth.
Are you taking a hand in the collection of organizing funds.
UcailliiK roiini open every dav.    Social.
£,«•.   feal>01 Papers of all countries
™ji!-\_J^crctar j\_S^ Le f ea 11 x.
LOCAI,    PBRMTB,   S.   P.   o^ThoEd
i\, educational meetings In the
Miners Union Hall every Sundav at
7.80. Business meeting first Monday
n each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
S0*U,.?ve'*'' Sunday afternoon at 2:30
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 3S0.
7-ilnH,™ M1-5erL5,' -'"!' ?,ver>' Sunday at
to<ii p,,m-    E^ Ca"iPhell.  Organizer.
Will  Jones,  Secretary,  Box  126
SSi a" ,yi*n'-h   meets in   --Inlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 51, Rossland. B.C
*>• f, M I,—Business meeting every
tlrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Room open to everybody at 612 Cordova street East, 2 p. m. Secretary.
1J, Anderson, Barnet, B. C.
local yAwdoxmM, b. o., ao. «•,
1-lnnish Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays ln the month at 213
Hastings St. East. Ovla Llnd, Secretary. '
Business meeting every Tuesday even-
lng at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St
East, H, Hahlm, Secretary.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO      t
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Prop*,
ganda meetings at 8 p.m. on tha first
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T, Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box IJ
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receivs
information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alto.
LOCAL   EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  NO. 1,  ft,
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday nt 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.:
Organizer,  W,   Stephenson.
of C.trBuslness  meeting every Saturday evening at  s o'clock at the headquarters,   129   Eighth    Ave.    East,  between   Third  ami   Fourth   streets.
S. K. Read, Secretary;
KOCAL   MICHBL,   B.   C,   NO.   16,   B.   P.
or c„ holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afterncon at 2:30 p.m. in
Craban's Hall. A hearty Invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the first'
and third Sundaya of each month at
10:39 a.m. ln the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. T. W. Brown
LOCAL  NELSON,   ft.   P.  ofC,  MBBTB
every Friday evening at 8 p.m.. in
Miners' Hall. Nelson, B. C. I. A Austin, Secretary.
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary	
local SANDdNTBrc^lJoTMTsTp.o-i'
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
in the Sandon Miners' Unior Hall
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon, B. C.
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Frldav 8
P.m. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, Gen.
Del,, Secretary.
S. P. of C. Meeta flrst and third Sundays ln the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretury, Chas. Peacock,  Box  19S3
OP C.—Propaganda meetings svsry
Sunday. 7:30 p. m„ ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class everv Sunday, I p.m.
W. McAllister. Secretary, Box 687. ,A.
Stewart organizer.
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday. S p.m. Fronugandu meeting everv
Sunday nt 8 o'clock ln the Dreamland
Theatre, Main St. Secretary, J.
O'Brien, Hoom  12. B80 Main St.
(Continued from Page 1.)
Headquarters and reading room 575
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m., corner of
Yates  ami  Langley.
do those things.
Women or men visitors, as the case j taut is that final catastrophe which
may be, bars are built for profit. 1 shall hurl the electrons of the world,
Liquid lightning, fusel-oil and kero-1 myriad hued, across the blackness of
sene, wood alcohol and other dellca- j space. Thus men and women change,
tcssen are ladled out to slaves for but while sex survives, while man is
profit. Women are exploited for profit
—and we are writing this because we
like to.
Your other question ls almost too
mar und woman woman, two parts of
a complete unit, the sex relations between them will remain as they have
been for countless ages. Man will
much for us. Now does a house of' he the active factor, else he cease to be
"questionable   character"  exist  upon j man, and when woman shall change
only   six    customers    having six inmates?    Does  it?    Personaly we are
that might otherwise fall to the So- inclined to regard a good many places
ciallst candidates.     Many who loudly a9 places of "questionable character,"
profess their socialism are too prone in  fact, all  places where slaves are
to be  led otherwise  whenever  some exploited   come   under  this  heading,
mountebank  party  makes  profession but If you mean houses of female pros-
of  "Socialist" tendencies   or   adopts tltution, you  may  answer your own
"Socialist" planks    into its platform, question without a wink.   No.   I say,
Especially Ib this the case when the then, why ask it?   It needs a mass of
mriv  in  nnestlnn  nniinarfl  to have a slaves to  produce  surplus  value  suf-
physiologically speaking, she will be
no longer woman. Education, culture,
do but give a broader, cleaner, deeper j
view .of these relations, and so far,
from abolishing them reaches out to
rescue them from their present perverted condition. Indeed that co-operative commonwealth for which we
strive, what is it, but the consummation of that second negation of so
tricate the downtrodden from the
slough of despair. Creating industrial
oases, known as trade unions, tn the
desert of economic slavery is his special mission ln life. It does not matter to him, of course, that in his efforts to obtain partial Bhelter for a
few from the winds and currents of
competition he is thereby making myriads more helpless and destitute. His
own prospects are bright; and the
more he succeeds in persuading the
workers to try to cultivate the barren
regions into which they have been
cast, the greater are his privileges and
emoluments. In a word, the Labor
"leader's" prosperity ls engendered In
the degradation of the working class.
Accordingly, the caste to which he
belongs constitutes a barrier which is
used to prevent a united effort by the
proletariat to march out of the resert
that has been the grave of all ItB hopes
and aspiratlonB, attack and overthrow
the citadel of monopoly, and take possession of the land flowing with milk
and honey—the Socialist Commonwealth,
Signs are not wanting to show, however, that theBe obstacles cannot permanently stem the progres of the revolutionary spirit. Agencies have unconsciously been set in motion by the
dominant class which are rapidly extending the mental horizon of its
slaves. And when the awakening does
come, the end of parasitism shall be
at hand. Freed from the noxious Infiu-
(as tnces of individualism, the principle of
self-preservation will operate beneficially for all, and the humanity of self-
interest be demonstrated for the flrst
time In the world's history.
SOCIUS, in Glasgow Socialist.
with man and woman in correct relation to nature, it suffered its flrst negation with the negation of property
from communal to private. Its inherent train of evil, the sex license, the
sex disease, the scar of prostitution,
the bondage of the slave, the destruction of the home, the crowding together of male and female slaves In factories While restraining them from tho
Intercourse so necessary, the specter of
poverty standing between the young
men and women of today, must finally
negate present day conditions and as
out of the second negation of property
shall grow the old, old communism,
refined and made splendid by Its long
travail, so otit of the second negation
of sex relations shall emerge again,
clean and beautiful to behold, the
archaic love of woman for man, ennobled by education and Intelligence.
Dominant man, madam, is part of the
slave question. Help us, help ub throw
it down and a rebalancing of all other
conditions follow.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls. Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post offlce. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
LOCAL   OTTAWA.   NO   8,   S.   P.   OP   O.
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeau Street. Business meetings,
llrst Sundny ln month In the Labor
Hnll, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sum Sturgess Horwlth, 16
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
LOCAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OP MARITIME— Headquarters in Rukasln
Bluck, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at R p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box lfiS; Harold G. Ross, organizer,
Box  505.
Scotia.—Business    and
7,    ot
propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 In  the S.  O.   B. T,  Hall back
. of Town Hall.    WUMam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, is organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrainean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. Ths
Ukranlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlsttno Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to J. Senuk,  Fin. Secretary.
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies -  -   4.00
In all Countries.    Ask for our Inventor's Adviser.    Marlon & Marlon,
364 University Street, corner St. Catherine Street, Montreal, and Washing-
Beginning with free love, ttm D. c., TJ. S. A.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
I,abor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong.
The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of
tbe means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist Bystem gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
syBtem, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this nttcessltates the transformation of capitalist property in the means ot wealth production into) collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict ot interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure It
by political action.   This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, ot capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working claBs.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit. t
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to this question ItB guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
interests of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if lt
will not, the Socialist Party ls absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed ln Us hands In such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
■^KST IN B.C. fl-"'
/■vR^ zspasmoc\Y;'WaTerEMBti7m. zn, 11912.
"JftiaErERTA ****m*0''INCIA!L iSLEGU-
rftetatiar.i.auiattBt of tbe ceaeaittie'
IdMlldeSopt. 10, afilS Haag, EuaU, laeotna
Anderson, and cttae. ,iecretan:y '.heing; pre'
: Belli;; t'orresiniiulfii co read aidl dealt
uWlth-fisom Loadfe-'i'Jiber, Itodtr-.hie Hat
Soath.,ltaven, IJaut sis, Llu-da, iErakiiie
rand iBdd Deer;; (.(.'. M. O'Bnileu, ,re.organising tour-tin**) Itlsh DaUtnfiila. (C|
E. Scharff and Ok- L, DaM, applying
tfon meii'bershiwi»---,irge, A. E. Sf'aulk;
•ner, Wm. Watl^cSi 'minion iseraetary!
It was with cuu'foi: nd regttet that the
-executiv heard'UN reading mfShe:letter from Comradefarl Anderson, re-
rorthig-.lhe deutivt' < W. tt. Be-vore,
late secretary oif Iijocal South Haven,
No. 44. .-In the death of our late com-:
ratio, -Lot; 1 Sonthi :>K*> en has suataUned
a severe loss and the Alberta provincial < execvtlve annaniltoe hereby extends -its::' ympalllvi'.-'t' his fondly amll
M.ocals;J:aron, We'd'Sieer and Tuber,
reported propaganda.': hi their -disM^ls
gotiug slew g.
The committee ittwjuued to agree to
C.IJI.O'Brl*- l's prrpost I tour .through
B. >.C.,-with the unite'standing that
there, woulo be ah miiSl ange c-f <*-j-gia)-
TJhe-mect.titj g then MH< urned.
•   Burt E. AUtlerson, Secy.
Better Wattt*-h>Out.
T-JtiHie SwimC.'.ot ■Ww**t--rn Ctarirm.
Dear , sir,—Please Itave the address
of yonr paper now suing to Sir William HVhyte, C. P. JR... WinnSpeg,
changed to;fi-orge IBu-tt vice-president ,C„ P..R.,* Winnl--f*g.
Thejflaper •*»! not hitej-tled for Sir
Williajn persQ»i-lly; .btit*a- It is now
addressed it gaps to his .private office
in the I .'mperiali Bank Buildings and
make*,«;tra WQtf'f for.I-iiftjtfttiff as wj-B
as for .tin .staff .there.
You ,w'U   oblige   all .concerned   br
having litis, attended to ;a|i once.
*\>turs tnijv,
J. M4**W» ">N,
..AsBistot to yScefF-esident.
Winnlm-i-f. Man.   Sept. *lC(|-.-.*!9l2.
We htm, chaugt'l addm-**^ as per
above request. Claition conrosp. .ntients
and sub-hiuiiV!.ers,%h.'i.hap]stii|yi< be In
C. P. R. «t»|.loy, n«jght as .well make
a note of tHtcU* I 'If!*fi>**»*y. ffi*'tft retain
employments, would be wffll ijs lough
to exercise tiUte cafffc-3.ii.
The "BHItorcOftthe-Westepn, ClaKSon:
Dear .Comrafte—-Some- time ago. I noticed (that the . comrades aof Brandon
had .aplitcDft 'from.: the S.rp. ofCuand
ha* lto*wed,an-**s,wlpar}r. -And jfchile
I was ;in Braniton on.Biy way from
the eaatosn.theitotrvesteiiB': excursion I
met m .comrade mho informed me that
PREPARING>£OR **1NT**-R,ft-*ORK.| the aomrades of **ttr.aad-?-i <-<*4d not Uke
the ta-alics of the.S. .P. ofjCVas rep«e-
ilnvurBSIthe'pleasure (?) of the writer to t-rtond a business meeting of the
above • faecal: the*-bther day, at which
She was ithe dnlynanember ln good
litartdiRgupraBentinitnd all those in arrears were absent
The- poor Secretary not knowing
what elm: to do decided to hold a
meeting:.all' by, hoetielf. The following
Is.the result:
All locals having, no better reports
to make than tho ft,lowing had better
_et off th<! map, as we have no time
I for chalrwarmers.
Moved: try Mr.NoiTAttendaiit, second-
iad by Oroucho, that Tightwado act as
.Ohairman ;J'or this .meeting. Carried
.Moved, by A. Wyatt.Ouy, seconded by
[A. Mother, that Squeezadime act as
;"Kecording:.8ecretary.    Carried.
The reading of. the..minutes of the
Slait meeting was dispensed with as
there had been .none.
..Correspondence and.bills read from
i-Mutt and Jeff.
Organizer's jfeport-3*Nb report as the
- organizer .ha; gone U\. California for
his health.
Report of oommittea-pn growing oranges at the south pfile laid on the
Uiuler, the.iiead of wcw business it
was ..moved i, by SherlORko, seconded
.by .Watso, that we .endeavor to get
one live membt-r before. 1950. Motion
dost!:! !
.Moradby.-A- .'Wy Guy,-, .seconded by
A. Nother, that,;we purcbitse 40 IbB. of
.chewtug tobacco, and one,dozen cuspidors : f»r the. use of the ways and
n-ieaiisQ-mmltSet.   Carried.
Under good of ,tbe movejnent It was
moved ..hy Adam Knockerureconded by
E. Z, .Mark, that »ve postpone all propaganda  until  HIS ).      Car»ied  unani-
ElnnntlaS report — Fourllkisho says
we have bust!
TRie meejing them adjourned, sine
die, to tbers'ngfag:!** "God ,8»ve 'Our'
• \Vkola Woofl, Secty.
To the Editoj \Weste.*a. Ciarfc->n,;,'Vancouver:
Comrade Eaiftt'.r,—Pl« se ipsijn enclosed letter, which is.heing diatr|t ut-
ed among comn«t:-'S,.al)djajthers in-yrin-
I wish every reader pf.-'he Wej-tj*:n
Clarion to read aj-t' takej^iote the*te$t,
We are.desirouSvOf.PuttA'ig forth ,a i
active campaign  Shis ..winter and sflB
[0 cannot do ihis wit^cut ac'ij'-e cc-oiie*-
ation of ei.ery comrade.   ,We  deaire
[, every   Socialist   In tWinn*j*gg  shou^fl
|! be a member of the (Wtty.
k Every  reafter  of Ifce  Cl.*MV9.n  wbc
realizes his pusition to.society and de-
i s^res to throw ,off his fibai.ns -*j,.d those
,ii'f ,his children has no t<*xcu?p for be-
. lng, outside the SocialiW rlBAYOTent.
4« only is a Socialist who .tajfes ap.
I nactjve  part in «,he  movs-nient.
Wit invite you nil and wmrtry.; .Jhere
Js ..no mystery attached up niWiher-
:shlpaof the SociaWst Part*,, pp ''cab-
;bage and prunes," *r "riding of goR-ts."
Every^iing open, e»en to otur -frtaurt,
|:the enemy. Join the party ,-*u(i ;MPU
• wJU kji-k yourself that you did pot
-.become ii member yeiirs ago.
Renj^'Jcr the  datt^!
I am yours tn revolt, ,
The Letter,
''*WQi*keis of the world, unite; you:
Ibftve npthin«; to loBfi but y->ur chatos,,
yo,H have a world to gain."
Co*nrade-**TJ|'B  letter is  written  four
the .express purpose of getting you interested .(p  the  Socialist  movement.
I Believing that ,nvery Socialist should
belcwg to ;sonie organization to further
tbe   revolntionary   program   of    the
working class, ap4 realizing furthermore  th*t  there .are  a great  many
Socialist     of     the     unsympathetic,
i type, whose efforts _3n the past have
amounted practically to nothing, the
Socialist  Party  of  Canada  here   extends an invitation to a meeting to be
held at Room 14, over the Dreamland
I Theater, Main Street, on Sunday, Sept.
i 22nd, at 3 p. m. sharp, to discuss ways
;and means for carrying on propaganda
f ithroughout the winter months.
This is not a party meeting, and
tyc* will have the privilege of stating
■ your viewB whatever they may be.
Do Rot offer the usual lame excuse,
('but make a point of being present and
help In making the meeting a bilge
Remember there is work for all;
| come and do your share.
Yours in Revolt,
Room 2, 530 Main Street,
Sept. 8th, 1912.
To whom all communications regarding this matter may be addressed.
Hentei !by (the Clejrion.
I have :been taktbng i the Clarion f«r
over a year .and Ifhave been reading
It for *.'bout three ^years.aad \I have
no\t yet aaen anything in It which a
re»l clanB-cQjtscioua SoqiaUaf. could
kicSc against.
I would tlkt some mimrade-jf Brandon to inform me thwiugh the pages
of the Clarion just what It -in that
they cannot agi-ee to.
if the cocutatfe-s of Rmndoii :*re of
religtoius turn .of mind I (Can well un-
derstaatd what itjhe troulfie is, or; better yetr perhajia, the cemrades ot
iBrandoB have fallen victfims to ithe
i.uope handed out by that Itarned ;gen-
l(;eman of CowanMllle, P. *u.
Anyhow, whatejinr may   foe   ithair
ni lsoiis for d.siikiii'g the Claitinn, I aw
aywe they »'ill consMer it their .duty tt»
(ojitrm us through onr own ps*aer.
NowTniys;yoiu wlll'ihavetoidd better
than youi have been :!d*ing' during the
last 'two weeks in the .iwayuotihustllng
subs or we will go under. We know
that times are getting damn; bad but
fflrere lis tstill >a few (dollara -knocking
around and you :x>ught to be: able to
get a siflj or two yet. Next month
there Will likely 'be !fchree ior (four- or-
ganiaers ta the field then we shall
have a Httle ■ mhre Uaterest taken In
the Clarion, but in the meantime if
the Clarion Is to be -ptlbllshsd It will
be up to you to keep it going because
I can trill you straight that it's, pretty
near all we have been able to do this
last two weeks to pay'thepoBtage.
Now then, let's see ra little more
energy put into, the sdb hustling business. Don't leave It all to a. few as
meilt'ionefl   below:
M. Llghtsone, Montreal, Que     9
G. O. Vennesland, Granum, Alta...    5
G. Westlin,  Strathcona, Alta     5
H. J. R. Harper, Hardy Bay, B. C.   5
J. Wight, N.'Vancouver, B. C     3
W.  F.  Seyer,  Botha,  Alta     3
J. A. Beckman, Meeting Creek, Alta.   3
W. K. nrytiK, Demaln, Sask       3
K. Johnson, Montreal, Que	
D. A.  MacLean, Calgary   	
H.   Fulcher,   Brandon,   Man	
Local,   Toronto,   Ont	
Singles: W. Matthews, Edmunds,
O.i J. Mclnnls, S. Fort George; B.
Grant, White Rock, :B. (C:J 'R.
Landgraf, Nelson Island, B. C;
Sather, Hastings Coulee, Alta.;
C. Beasamt, Red Deer, Alta.; J. A. S.
Smith, Edmonton.; Wm. Stephenson,
Edmonton, Alta.; Alf. Budden, N.
Battleford, Sask.; J. Watson, Winnipeg; R. C. McCutchan, Winnipeg; W.
H. Craig, Windsor, Ont.; H. G. Ross,
Glace Bay; W. Gribble, Washington;
F. E. Creer, Calgary; W. E. Cocks,
Victoria*. J. C. Turner, Victoria; J. H.
City; J. Sidaway, City; J. Henderson,
City; S. H. Mann, City; C. Webb,
City; C. Webb, City; J. Bloomfield,
City; A. McBryde, City.
Bundles; Local Edmonton, 100; Local South Fort George, 10; H. Fulcher,  Brandon, Man., 10.
Social Democratic Party,
Local 21, Woodstock, Ont.
Dear comrade,—Wffl you please forward on 50 Clarions a week for one
month for which you wtll flnd enclosed two dollars, and .oblige yours
Ac ton similar to the above Is recommended to every S. D. P. Local 'te
Canada. Presumably Socialist .papers are taken and distributed for the
purpose of spreading that knowledge
that is necessary to the working-class
in order that it may guide itself aright
in the struggle before it. If you can
gather some of that knowledge that
Is necessary to the workingclass in
order from it may guide itself aright
in the struggle befor it. If you. can
gather some of that knowledge from
the Western Clarion It is to your advantage to do so. Better give it a
trial anyway.
flc05%cy: D. E. C. S. P. of C:
Dei*-- Comrades—Enclosed posl office -o*ider amount of $4. Please tor-
ward vijalue In stamps. Cards for or-
ganizer**-' fund to hand. They will receive ili,e attention. The Local here
had their first scrap with the police
last evqiftng, Sunday, Sept. 1st. Some
(time ago we approached the city corporation asking permission to use the
public park .for our propaganda meetings on Sunday evening. Our request
vv«s refused, but we were to be allow**} to hold,our meetings on a space
allptled to us by the part superintendent on any evening except Sunday
and Thursday. On Sunday, the 25th
August, the boys got out at the end of
Queen Street with a chair and Comrades Beattie, Grt-.it and Grewar kept
a crowd interested for about an hour.
Comrade Grewar was selling some literature when he was told it was not
In accordance with ,the regulations.
All right. Last evening, Sept. 1st,
they again got out. The superintendent of police, along with three of his
assistants, were right on the pob. We
were told we could hold no political
meetings on Sunday. Comrade Grant
disputed the statement and Bald it
"was not a political, but a mora] meeting." Cop: "You are going Along
with me." He took hold of him and
dragged him from the chair, when the
crowd yelled and hissed at him and
be let him go. Another comrade was
distributing some pamphlets when the
cop asked him "if he had a license,"
The comrade replied, "No, it is not
necessary." So much for the municipal
intellect of the city authorities of 8t,
KlttB,   *YourB in the cause,
Secy, Local No. 30.
Several big strikes are In progress
in the States, and the bosses are using
a little direct action. They, no doubt,
caught the idea from the I. W. W., but
the bosses are not using direct action
to win, mo, siree, it's Just to give the
strikers ;a dose of their own medicine
that thej.' will not use If any more.
.Most botwes use political action to
drive the strikers back to their task,
•and the worker will have to use it to
Iheat the hsiss.
In the Western ..Clarion of August
10 appeared the following resolutions
passed at a mass meeting held ln Calgary, Alta., on July .28:
"Whereas, a strike .of the workers
on the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
Company's construction work ln the
Rocky Mountains has heen called, and
"Whereas, a company of soldiers and
a detachment of police .have been Bent
to said district, and
"Whereas, said soldlera and police
are sent to protect the company's
property and not to protect the workers in their endeavor to obtain satisfactory living conditions.
"Therefore, we, working men In the
city of Calgary, in the province of Al
berta, In mass meeting assembled, do
hereby protest against the said action
of the authorities In sending said soldiers and police, and demand the in
stant recall :of these forces."
These resolutions were sent in for
publication by Local Calgary, S. P. of
C, through its secretary, S. K. Read
That a copy of said resolutions was
forwarded to that doughty warrior,
Colonel Sam Hughes, is shown by the
Wm. Watts,
Vancouver, B. C:
Herewith copy of letter sent me by
Sam Hughes, in reply to mine enclosing copy of the resolution passed in
this city relative to the strike of the
workers on the Grand Trunk Pacific
Railway, as published in the Western
Clarion of August 10. I hope you will
publish same, as it is the wish of this
Local that it appears in the Clarion.
Yours in revolt,
S.  K.  READ.
-Calgary, Aug. 25, 1912.
That Colonel Sam Hughes is very
much surprised this epistle doth briefly'Show:
Minister's Office, Ottawa,
August 14, 1912.
Dear Sir—I am in receipt of your
letter of the 1st inst. enclosing copy
of resolution passed at the mass meeting of workers.
I am very much surprised that any
hody of men could be found in any civilized country to take the stand you
;have taken in this matter.
(Signed) SAM HUGHES.
Sidney K. Read, Esq.,
Box 647, Calgary, Alta.
.As government is the institution of
the ruling class and its police and
military :have no other function than
to protect the itnterests :and property
of that class, we are even more surprised than is Colonel Sam.
The resolution habit ls easily acquired and very difficult to overcome.
There is, however, one saving grace
that causes us to look, at times, with
charity upon the victims of the habit.
1*6 .unconscious humor of their demands oftentimes completely overshadows their absurdity. Where humor is lacking, however, surprise over
their absurdity is not only probable,
but even excusable. We feel that Colonel Sam's surprise Is justified, and
possibly our own.
Thousands of immigrants are going
to Australia, the new land of milk and
honey, and we are getting news every
week of the unemployed problem in
Australia. Somebody will get It in the
neck and It won't he the capitalist
To the Editor of the Western Clarion:
Sir—I read a letter by Moses Barltz
on August 3rd, which owing to over
time every night and Sunday too, I
have not answered. The British Labor
Party is not a Socialist Party for the
simple reason that the electors are not
Socialists. A party is in Parliament to
represent the electors and get what
they want. The British working man
does not understand and therefore
does not want Socialism but reforms,
and the Labor Party has to give them
those useless reforms.
We can't have a Socialist party ln
Parliament till the electors are Socialist and given that the electors of
Canada are of the same anti-Socialist
want reforms passed brand as in
the Old Country we would just have
the same kind of Labor Party here. All
old war horses—the comrades of B. C
—appreciate the later efforts of we»
reds of the sunrise side of the divide,,
but we don't want them to minimize?
themselves. Their first terrific onslaught on the capitalist, beast at sn
time when, as compared with present:
day conditions, the job was indeeoi
Herculean on account of the very.-
name of Socialism being anathema, 1st.
still green in our memories and will,
not soon depart.
However we are convinced that
friendly rivalry is a great stimulus to>
action. How would It do for the comrades of each sphere of action to takes-
definite, periodically alternate turns Im.
furnishing copy? The opportunity is:
great. We have the ear of the slave-
now as never before and thus the biggest half—but perhaps not the easiest
half of the battle is already won. It ia.
now up to' us to put ourselves through,
a rigorous course of self-examlnatlott
the British Labor members with about
three exceptions are sworn Socialists | and  thoroughly  post  and  train  our-
and   men    who    have    read, studied  selves for the work of presenting the
and lectured on Socialism in the huge
propaganda carried on by the I. L. P.,
S. D. P. and B. S. P. in the hope of
getting the electors converted to Socialism and a Socialist instead of a
Labor Party returned to Parliament.
The pie is only half baked but with
the S. L. P., S. D. P. and B. S. P. propaganda this Labor Party in time will
become a Socialist Party. The Tories
and Liberals do not believe Keir
Hardie is an anti-Socialist. He Is
called one by the L. P. who do not
believe in political action and Socialists who do not understand the political situation and want reforms nature
of the electors. In my humble opinion
Hardie ls one of the greatest Socialists and greatest men of the day.
There is a man in this camp who
heard Hardie lecture on Socialism and
became a Socialist and started a
branch of the I. L. P. in his town ot
20,000 inhabitants in Scotland. Curious anti-Socialist who makes Socialists and branches of the I. L. P. It ls
also a good sign when the Liberal and
Labor Parties quarrel about who the
Hanley member belonged to, a sign
that the time is coming when there
can only be two parties in Parliament,
the capitalist aud Socialist Parties.
Shortly the Liberals will either have
to join the Tory or Labor Party and
finally capitalist or Socialist. I am sir,
yours truly. J. B.
Calgary, Alta., Sept. 1, 1912.
Premier Borden Is coming home well
stocked with information of how to
stop working class agitation In regard
to strikes. He will have to go some,
anyhow, unless he helps teach the Socialist doctrine or how to strike at the
ballot box.
Such :a magnificent response hns been tnnde to our last
<-*ffer of 5W -Bents worth of literature free with each one dollar
sal) received that we can no longer continue such prodigality.
*We have revived about 50 subs in response to that offer. We
■are overwhelmed with gratitude in consequence. Thanks.
That offer expi-ws September 16.
Here is anotlier. We are sure it will meet with nn equally
hearty response.
To the person sending in to this office, between September
16th and November 1st, 1912, the largest list of yearly subscriptions (or the equivalent in three months and six months
subs), wc will give a copy of "Webster's International Dictionary,*" This ia the very latest edition, containing 2700
pages, and is the most complete dictionary of the English
language extant. The publishers' net price is $12.00. It will
be delivered to the winner, direct from the publishing house
of G and C, Merriam Co., Springfield, Mass., all charges prepaid.
To the person sending in to this offlce, between September
16th and November 1st, 1912, the second largest list of yearly
subscriptions (or the equivalent in three months and six
months subs.), we will give a complete edition of Capital by
Karl Marx, 3 volumes, charges prepaid.
To the person sending in to this offlce between September
3 6tli and November 1st, 1912, the third largest list of yearly
subscriptions (or the equivalent*in three months and six
months subs.), we will give a bound volume of the Western
Clarion for the year 1910, delivering same to the winner,
charges prepaid.
We shall immediately proceed to enlarge our business staff
in order to expeditiously handle the inereased sub. list that
will undoubtedly result from this offer. Prom our knowledge
of the zeal with which the average man will push the circulation of publications that neither belong to himself or his
organization, and his utter indifference to the success of those
that do, we feel justified in anticipating an increase of the
sub. list of the Western Clarion by at least 15 or 20, ns a result
of tho above offer. If we are too optimistic we hope, to be
excused upon the ground that one optimist is less of a nuisance to tolerate at any time than half a dozen pessimists.
333 Harrisbn Street,
Clinton, Ia.
The Western Clarion,
Dear Comrade:
1,000,000 Negroes I must reach with
the message of Socialism by election
day.   Help me in every way you can.
My Aim.
First—To issue a call for Colored
Socialists and sympathizers to meet
about the last week of October to
plan some means of stirring up a nation wide interest In the study of Socialism on the part of colored people.
This is the psychological moment.
Secondly—I have formed a "Negro
Socialist Literature and Lecture Bureau." I have on hand at present the
following literature:
1. "Blackmen Strike for Liberty,"
by Geo. W. Slater Jr., price 5 cents
each; 12 for 10 cents; 25 for 25c; 50
for 40c; 100 for 75c; 500 for J2.50;
1,000 for $4.00.
2. "Advantages Socialism Offers
the Negro," by Dr. J. T. Whltson, 5c
each; 100 tor $2.00.
3. ''The Western Evangel," a
monthly magazine, the first published
by colored people to teach Socialism.
Editors, llevs. L. C. Carland and Ceo.
W. Slater, Jr.; 5c each;  50c a year.
Kimlly  publish  this  in   your  paper
and urge the comrades to help me.
Yours fraternally,
Geo.  W. Slater Jr.
As I,ocal Calgary finds that lt ls
able to, fill an Issue of the Clarion 11
hns been arranged lo get lhl« ready-
In time for the last Issue of lhe current monlh.
Because of this the Alberta Issti,
will not appear until the second week
In October.
In order to make this a success and
lo maintain the reputation that Alberta has acquired for being the most
active province in the Dominion, we
require twenty comrades to sit down
and write as best they can and to send
in their matter to me at box fi47 Calgary, on or before October 1st. BE
Comrade       workers! Attention,
please. The writer wishes to say that
he has felt much gratified lately with
the apparent deepening interest in the
propaganda as manifested by the circulation campaign, Alberta's putting
her shoulder to the wheel and general
all around increased activity and hereby takes the opportunity to second
Comrade Head of Calgary ln his ro-
marks In Clarion H81, to thc advisability of not wearying In well doing. By
all means let us keep up the good
work. Surely both tho need and reward ia great—the Socialist commonwealth instead of galling competition
and slavery.
dope in the most simple, intelligible-
and understandable manner possible
and—(O, whisper It not ln Gath!) to. ■
ourselves observe a little more of the?
ordinary decencies of speech arid action and not forget that one of our-
chlef reasons for battling for the workers' economic freedom is to make culture possible for all Instead of insanely trying to destroy whatever already
And  buck  up  on  the  subscription:
hustle.    In this respect our "sloppy"'
(?) contemporaries have us skinned a .
mile.   In regard to the vitally necessary    economic      or      revolutionary-
truths our old take-it-or-leave-it Clar
ion  sure  comes  through    with    the-
goods.   It is us to us to see that the;
slaves get the opportunity to get its.
electrifying contents into their capital-
Istically  soldered-up  brain-tanks.'   Be-
sure and steal enough of your master's .
time and sacrifice enough    of    your
slave's portion  to  do your share  ia,
this sub-bustling stunt.
We are beginning to wake up in Alberta and the long night of apathy is -
drawing to a close, so go to It, comrades of B. C, and show us that your
hands have not forgot their cunning.
Good chance for a cheering contest—
the Pacific slope against the prairie
slope—the miners versus the ranchers:.
So look to your   laurels literary you .
quill-pushing slaves of B. C.—ye Had?
gers who scratch and dig and delve -
for  a grimy  existence  in  the  dark,.
noisome burrowing tunnels of capital. -
Ism ln the sea of mountains—we give-
you fair warning that we—the denizens   of   the   great,   lone   land—we
"semi-barbarians existing on the cott--
iines of civilization," as Marx so aptly-
put it—we scribes of the slaves on the-
bllzzard-swcpt   plains   who   freeze  in
winter  and   broil   in  summer  tor  a.
slave's portion in order that we may-
exist to pour into capitalism's insatiable   maw   our   tribute  of  beef  and
wheat—we, I say, are camped on your
trail and are going to do our damndest
(note the culturc^—Ed.)  to make you ,
go some in the Clarion—the  Instrument of our liberation. t
Also  our  fellow   slaves  doing  the
mericless work of capitalism in tbe inaccessible places of the earth, where
sometimes for months lt is not even
possible to get. mail, where men are
only as dogs, being herded in a condition worse than the four-footed animals—no provision  being  made    for
cleanliness or recreation—ye who span
the continents with their parallel shining lines of steel by means of which t
capitalism extracts the slave-products..
of the earth;  ye splendid forest-workers—slaves of the lumber camps—ye i
who also for a slave's portion perform ■
such prodigious feats of strength and
skill in geitlng llie glanl timber down
to the humming, thousand-bladed mills.
of capitalism;   ye  magnificent  water-
slaves—ye who go down to the sea in.
ships  where eternally
"Tbe Hea perforins  its long moon-Bil-
vercd roll,"
and   where   from   dim   scurvy-Infested
Arctic regions of mountains ot polar
Ice lo the fever-stricken tornado-devastating seas of the glaring troplos, ye
Wllh ever tut must-less and s!ruining
eyes scour the boundlcs ocean and rot
for months ,.u water-logged tramps as
ye drift around the earth or aro suddenly engulicd in TltanlcH—all for tho
pleasure of capitalism; ye who are
slaughtered by the million on the all-
devouring railroads and in the infernal
mills and mines of capitalism and all
the nameless army of slaves who fester and die in- bondage; ye. I say, we
do not forget. Nor yet those who vegetate at counter and oillce In the soul-
deadening, nerve-destroying, drudgery
and uncertainty of a living hell, and
all wheresoever ye slave and die for
capitalism—ye we also welcome and
invite to strike with ns a blow for
Get into the scrap!
Dewberry, Alta., Aug. 25.
The British Columbia Provincial
Executive have enough funds on hand
to start 0. M. O'Brien out organizing
next month, that means that nearly
all the funds will bo used for the other
Now, hoys, you have just a few more
days In which to get or send thc funds.
In. Get a good big spurt on for the-
next few days nnd we will sure be
able to make a noise like an educa-
It ls encouraging to  see how our'tional party during the winter. PAGE FOUR
SATURDAY,   SEPTEMBER   21,   1912.
Glutting   the    Labor Market and   Recruiting Scabs.
Some time ago, a deputation from
Melbourne's unemployed waited upon
the Trades' Hall Council, requesting
that, learned and respectable assembly
to get a move on, since the matter of
demonstrating that there was an employing army, was being left to a handful of men, handicapped in a hundred different ways, which made It.
largely Impossible for them to organize
a sufficiently large number ot demonstrate once and for all to the Melbourne Plutes of lhe Queen City (who
denied their presence) that some
thousands of men were without work,
and many without food or shelter. The
remarks of one of the deputations was
keenly resented—particularly as reference was made to the fact that sooner
or later there would be a panic
amongst the workers, aa the result of
the fact that this jobless army were
being considerably augmented by the
criminal actions of the Murray-Watt
Government of the State, as well as
the various State Governments of the
Commonwealth, even including the alleged Labor Government of N. S. W.
Reference to the sacred Labor Party
naturally brought a hornets' nest about
the speaker's head, and the parrot
cries of Infuriated Laborites schoed
through the building to the effect,
"you're here to make a political effect,
you're here to make a political
speech," while one hatchet-faced individual with the voice of a bull nnd
the brains of a calf, bellowed "are you
unemployed?" "what union do you belong to?" etc., etc. After the storm
had subsided, the deputation were formally thanked, and dispersed.
Some of the deputation opined that
the last word had been said, the
Trades' Hall was too respectable, and
nothing would be done. However,
they were mistaken, as later In the
evening, this assembly composed of
M.'s L. A., and those who aspire to
become political saviors, actually resolved that a demonstration should be
held in the beginning of last week.
It came off, to the surprise of many,
when upwards of 1,000 able-bodied
men, young and old, skilled and unskilled, native born and foreign,
marched In solemn procession through
the public streets to the Premier's offlce, and demanded an audience.
The Premier, however, refused to
discuss the matter at the moment,
as no arrangements had been made I
etc. With the remainder of the proceedings it is not my intention to deal.
Socialists are well aware that full advantage was taken by the bogus La-
tor element, and will be in future, to
make political capital out of the event,
hu the fact that 1,000 men willing to
work, and denied the opportunity, parading the streets, demonstrating that
they are victims of our insane commercial system, ought to make the sleepy
or thoughtless element of our population ask some pertinent questions,
since the ranks of those men are to be
considerably augmented from week to
week by. the thousands of new chums
arriving with every boat. Moreover,
the demonstration gives an emphatic
denial to the lying hirelings of the
Piute press, with their precious claptrap, anent the Labor Bureau (that
scab recruiting agency) placing all
those in positions who register.
As regards placing those in positions
who register, there Is ample evidence
to prove that what is taking place goes
to show that the bureau agents are in
league with the employers, who provide the new chums (as the immigrant
is called) with employment for a week
or two, at the end of that time dispensing with his services, when another
new arrival or batch of arrivals takes
his plnce. Not merely is that done,
but every effort Is made to provide
the Bervlle elements amongst them,
with permanent billets at the expense
of the unlonistB who refuse to crawl
to boss or foreman, as well as refusing
to undersell their fellow wage slaves.
The following culled from the Labor
Call, the original of which is In the
hands of a member of the State Parliamentary Labor Party, dismisses all
doubt on that point, as well as proving
up to the hilt, that the Industrial
Workers' Union, to give lt Its Sunday
name, Ib a strike-breaking and scab-
recrulting agency with which the union movement will be brought face to
face, in more ways than one in the
immediate future:
"Unaffllated with the Trades' Hall
Council Objective. A square deal tor
employer and employee. Independent
Working Men's Club, Labor Bureau.
3. T. Packer, Organizing Secretary,
Club Rooms and offlce, 226 Flinders
Street, Melbourne, February 13, 1912.
—Private and confidential. To the
manager of the Tramway Co. Dear
Sir—The excutlve officer of the Australian Independent WorkerB' Federation are keenly interested in the present position of the tramway employees
throughout the Commonwealth. We
aro dally receiving communication
from local tramway men. We are
anxious to know if at its present juncture we car. be of any service to you in
securing reliable labor, in the event
of any trouble accruing.
"We have always a large number
of men of different trades, registered
on our employment list. Every effort
is being made to weed out the undesir
ables. I will be pleased if you think
w.e can assist you in any way, and
will have a private interview with
you at your convenience. Awaiting
the favor of a reply, I remain, yours
respectfully, John T. Packer."
This type of letter doubtless accounts for the large number of men
seen by the writer entering and leaving the Chamber of Manufacturers'
headquarters. And, by the way, it is
well to remember that It was the employers connected with the Chamber
of Manufacturers, who formed this
Workers' Union, as well as prepared
rules for same, that solicited applications for secretaryship, and guaranteed Messrs. Howard and Packer salaries of 300 pounds each' per year.
And this forsooth is the medium by
which a section of new arrivals are
provided with work. But let me say
I cast no slur on the new arrivals,
taking them on the average. There
are good and bad amongst them, unionists and time-servers, men and
crawlers. Many of them experience
the greatest difficulty in finding employment, scores have known since
having been dumped into the so-called
labor paradise what It is to be hungry,
and homeless, friendless,. and penniless, and despite it all have never for
a moment condemned to act traitorously to their class, and for such men,
strangers in a strange land, one cannot help having the most profound respect. But says someone for all this
villainy of glutting the labor market
what remedy? For the disease of unemployment, what cure? For the ending of legalized robbery, what must
we do?
And the answer is: There is but
one way out, and the way lies towards
the Socialist commonwealth, and the
day when the expropriators shall be
expropriated of the wealth they have
wrongfully appropriated from an enslaved working class. And the action
necessary is the concerted action of
the wealth producers as a class politically and industrially, when it shall
be possible to usher In the grand federation of all humanity by establishing the Socialist Commonwealth,
based upon social ownership, social
production and social appropriation.
Comrade C. M. O'Brien is lo be at the disposal of this committee for organization work beginning about October 1st. The
committee wishes to make sneli arrangements as will best enable
him to thoroughly eover the ground and do effective work. Such
arrangements can only be made through assistance rendered by
comrades and friends along such routes as may be determined
upon. In many of the smaller places no Locals of the S. P., of C.
exist. In order to arrange for meetings at such places it is necessary
that the organizer bo put in communication with some one who
can render assistance by securing a meeting place, putting up posters
announcing meetings, or in other ways aiding the work.
Each and every one of you who can and will aid in any manner
in carrying out this work is requested to notify thc committee by
writing to this office. Once in touch with you the organizer will
notify you when be will be in your locality and you can render
him valuable assistance in carrying out his work.
If you are interested in seeing the work of education and organization pushed forward, let us hear from you. By co-operative
effort much can be done to hasten the coming of Labor's freedom
from capitalist bondage.
Let this committee hear from vou.   Let us be up and doing.
S. P. OF C.
WM. WATTS, Secretary.
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B.C.	
Another American, Joseph Fels, is
one who has subscribed largely to the
funds of the I, L. P. and it is stated
that he was the means of sending
Keir Hardie on his trip round the
world some time hack.
Mr. Pels glories in the fact lhat he
has made millions of dollars out of
the people and says they should stop
him. Upon that point Fels and the
writer are agreed. The subtlety of
tills Soapist can easily be understood
when he endeavors to lay all blame
for bad conditions upon the landlord
class. In fact and to be brief, Joseph
Fels avows himself a Single Taxer.
For years now he has given thousands of dollars to all countries having adherents to the Single Tax propositions and both in Canada and England the Single Tax organizations live
by his contributions. He has spent
about $75,000 in Canada during the
past three years for the propagation
of that plan of Henry George's. In
England he has been more benlficent.
He is giving $150,000 if an equal sum
is subscribed by the supporters of the
Single Tax. The general Idea here
is that he is a public spirited man,
philanthropic to a great degree.
The truth is, that he is neither philanthropic nor public spirited; he
simply represents the manufacturing
class against the landlord class. Perhaps It's best to discuss this question
from a historical standpoint. The
proposition of the Single Taxers is to
obtain immunity from taxation for the
industrial and manufacturing capitalists by shifting their liability on to
the landlords. That Is to say to tax
land, and as time goes on to increase
that tax, so that evetnually It wll1
equal the rent and thereby, I presume,
put the landlord out of business, 'caving the land free to be exploited for
the "people." That In brief is what
the Single Taxers desire to do.
Very laudable indeed! And a great
point ln the discussion Ib that the
Single Taxers always lay down that
any increase In the value (or price)
of land (they don't define lt) is due
to the fact that the community have
made It so by their proximity to it or
their association on lt. Correct, it is
Btu surely there is something more
to be said about it? The flrst matter
Is that we all live by exploiting the
land ln some way. The land givos us
our means of subsistence only when
labor Is applied to it
Now to business. Any student of
industrial history can look back and
find how, say six or seven centuries
ago, production was somewhat primitive. In those days the landlord class
was the ruling class because they
owned the land and those who lived
on it. The production then was mainly for purposes of maintenance. It
must be apparent to all that ln those
days no attack would be made by any
legislature upon land, or landlords, for
the reason that the legislature was
made up of landlords. Any attack
upon the landed aristocracy must
come from a claBs whose Interests
were ln opposition to that of the land
holders. Years went by, and the laborer still remained the owner of the
tools and implements of production.
Access to the land he had and he
could produce what he desired, within
certain limits. The beginning of the
capitalist system came by destroying
this class of laborer who, unable to
compete with the new mechanical devices, was driven into the factories
to work for a capitalist who paid him
This transformation from a man
who produced for himself and family,
from a "free" man, Into a wage-slave is
a point, men like Fels do not appear
to have understood, or if they do they
wilfully neglect to make it known.
This new capitalist class growing
in wealth getting greater control over
the means of life, found their development barred owing to the political
powers being vested in the landlords.
Here then was the beginning of the
attack on the landed proprietors. The
capitalist class obtained political
power by bluffing the people. They
used the legislature for their own ends.
Now let us look at the land laws
in England. There is not a single
law on the Statute Book in England
prior to 1832 that menaces the owners
of land In this country. Why? Simply
because it-waa a Parliament of landlords .up to that time! What has happened since? This! That nearly
every Parliament since that date that
has been the mouthpiece of the capitalists (mainly, however, Liberal) has
attacked landed proprietors. Even today in England there still expresses Itself the contempt and hatred of the
manufacturers towards the landlord.
The capitalist must have a free and
unfettered ginwth in order to expand.
The land, however, is held by a class
who by virtue of proprietorship impose
restrictions that militate against the
piling up of profit. The rent charge
a capitalist has to pay is gall and
wormwood to him. If he had to pay
no rent at all that much more would
go to him in profit. Anything that
tends to cheapen the cost of production, the capitalist seeks after. If land
were made the basis of all taxation,
if all taxation came from the land,
the capitalist would think he was immune and so much to the good. The
capitalist has always desired to shift
the burden of taxation from his shoulders to that of the landlord.
That is the work of Fels and the
crew who are assisting him. But how
far will this change under capitalism
help the working class. I beg to Bub-
mlt, that no advantage whatever could
accrue to the worker. He would still
have to sell his labor-power when he
could get a buyer. He would still
compete with his "mates" for jobs. In
fact, his position would be worse than
ever under such a scheme or for that
matter any scheme under capitalism.
The manufacturing class growing
stronger every day, Ib careful to point
out, like Fels does, that the Increase in
the value of land (or its price) is due
to association of the community.
True? But if the association of the
community adds value to any property, FelB says (and he ls a very
cheap edition of Henry George) its increases should go to the community.
So say all of us. That is the very reason why I maintain a Socialist position. It is Indisputable that the only
reason goods have any value is because the workers have produced
If results arising from the increasing value of lands should go to the
community, so should the results of
the process of manufacture. The community that makes one, makes the
other. The very argument that the
Single Taxer uses against the landlord, is the same argument the Socialist has to prove his case. Namely, all
that ls produced by any communfty
should be communally owned.
Fels objects to the way the landlord
gets something for nothing and he and
his clasB are envious. But Fels also
objects when Socialists object to his
method of getting something for nothing. The solution to the whole problem ls plain. The landlord was ousted
by the capitalist class getting the political power and using it in their own
interest, and the capitalist class will
be ousted by the working class assuming politlca lcontrol, and thereupon reorganizing society on a scientific
Moses Barltz.
The one object all men have in view
ls the attainment of happiness. We
may differ as to what constitutes real
happiness, but we all desire to be
It Is obvious, however, that many
men and women live and die without
having realized in actuality their own
conception of happiness.
Unemployment, child labor, poverty,
and many other evils that enter Into
the dally lives of men and women are
insurmountable barriers between those
men and women and the realization of
happiness. It is obvious, then, that
while these problems exist we cannot
all be happy. The only way to bring
about the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number Is by removing the cause of unhappiness.
The foundation of happiness is the
certainty of a sufficiency of food,
clothing and shelter. Many would not
he happy with that alone, but none can
be happy without those things.
Despite generations or preaching,
praying, struggling and starving, despite the efforts of thousands of sincere men and women, we have only
succeeded in evolving a system of society in which an ever-increasing few
can be happy in the knowledge of a
security of the necessities of life.
To obtain food we must take part in
the struggle for existence, even as out-
ancestors did in the jungle. IWth us,
howevser, the struggle is more brutal
and degrading. Alone among all animals man of divine origin, with all his
morals, religions and ethics, presents
the horrible spectacle of a species warring against its kind, seeking by cunning, craft and cruelty, to deprive his
fellows of the means of life. Tigers
do not eat tigers, dog does not eat
dog, but man preys upon man, and
women and children.
Men at heart are not bad, but to obtain food and shelter men must be
cruel and selfish. Parents do not hate
their children, but mothers, with many
a sob and tear, must send their children to the sweatshop and factory.
The man without work does not hate
his fellows, yet he, with his wife and
family rejoice when he gets the other
fellow's job. The single man at the
factory gate may wish to love his
neighbor aa himself, yet he will struggle to get that job for himself, even
though his neighbor, with haggard
wife and children Is in greater need.
The corner groceryman may be a good
Christian, but he knows that his success depends upon making his competitors less successful. His gain represents their loss, the expansion of his
business means the bankruptcy of his
rival and in large industries though
employers may desire to be humane ln
their teatment of employees, the matter is not ln their hands, for the most
unscrupulous employer sets the pace
In competition. Competitors must
meet his prices and to do so must
adopt his methods.
Those who have gained most In the
struggle Btand for a continuance of
the Btruggle, using their wealth and
the power given them by their command of wealth, to Insure themselves
against loss of place and power.
Those who are least successful in
the struggle, believing that there is no
hope of a more just and satisfactory
method of distributing the collective
stock of food, clothing and shelter,
continue the struggle, ln the hope that
ultimately they will displace some
more fortunate rival.
The production of the supply of food,
for which all Btruggle, la not an undivided effort and it it were those
who worked hardest would get the
most. The life of the Individual la inextricably mixed up with the life of his
fellows. No Individual can point to
the total national wealth and say, "I
produced this portion." No man can
grow rich as the result of his own unaided labor; the individual could not
even live in decency by his own unaided efforts.
But the result of collective effort is
the  production  of  sufficient necessi-
Break your chains-
and Pre-emptions
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The best of Everything
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Book and
VANCOUVER,   B.   0.
Age of Reason,  Paine 25c
Origin of Species, Darwin 25c
Ingersoll's 44 Lectures $1.00
Evolution  of   the   Idea  of  God,
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ties, comforts and pleasures of life to
enable every man, woman and child to
live in comfort. Despite this sufficiency, some gain too much, few enough,
while a huge proportion is wasted in
the struggle.
Despite the fact that the great problem confronting us is how to get sufficient food, there are critics who tell
us that we are too materialistic, that
we neglect morals and ethics, that our
views are sordid and have already
pointed out that man needs more than
bread to develop the best that Is ln
him. But he needs bread flrst and at
present needs It badly. Most of these
critics have their material needs well
satisfied and are apt-to underestimate
their importance, sore backs, aching
arms and an empty stomach, would
convince these critics of the advantages of material comfort.
Selfishness or greed Is simply the
active manifestation of the desire in
man to escape from poverty and
want. Kindness of heart can no more
flnd a place ln the struggle for existence than it can be manifested In the
heart of the soldier who, In order to
live, must shoot the enemy who is trying to cut off his head. Cruelty ln
methods and Indifference to suffering
!n business must inevitably result in
poverty. The very love of an Individual for his wife and children is re-
sonslble for his indifference to what
happens to others.
The establishment of a rational
method of wealth distrtlbutlon must
inevitably tend toward the development of better men and women, mote
brotherly ln conduct toward each
other, no longer regarding their neighbor as one to be feared and fought.
Each worker produces far more than
he can consume. The Burplus will be a
guarantee that young children wlll not
be required to ruin their potentialities
In sweaters den or slum, a guarantee
that the aged will no longer be a burden to the children they bore, or the
playthings of the charitably disposed.
By freeing every man's mind from the
problem of how to scheme sufficient
food for self and family, by saving the
child's body and mind from the curse
of modern child slavery, by removing
degradation and brutalising' poverty,
man's outlook upon life wlll be extended beyond his stomach. The most
humble and illiterate Socialist working for the realization of these conditions, is doing more for the development of science, art and literature
than Carnegie and all his libraries and
in striving to lift men out of the jungle his humble efforts are of more
avail than all the praying, hoping and
moralising of all the ages.
Vancouver City
and Suburban
Real Estate
B.C. Acreage mid Fruit Lands
W. W. Lefeaux
Labor Temple, Vancouver
and at
West Vancouver & Revelstoke
Brackendale - Cheakamus
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
50 ^onaltHt ^flttga
with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
labor mass meetings, the home,
etc. Propaganda on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps or coin.
Address, Socialist Literature Co.,
"Dept. P" 15 Spruce St.,
New York City
We need money ana we want to
make way for new pamphlets. Therefore we make the following offer:
Manifesto of S. P. of C   10c
Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism     10c
Socialism and Unionism      5c
Slave of the Farm     Be
Struggle for Existence      5c
Summary of Marx' "Capital" 5c
The State and Government    6c
Value, Price and Profit    5c
Party   Lapel
Price: 50c each
or 5 for $2.00
Dominion Executive Committee
Labor Temple
301 Dominion Trust Building
Vancouver, B.C.
The best and cheapest
Cordova Boarding House
512 Cordova Street East


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