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Western Clarion Jul 17, 1909

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Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, July 17, 1909.
subscription Price gti Mat
Comrades. If. you had something to
sell, you would try to persuade a prospective buyer, lhat it was what he
wanted, in other words you would
.show him that he had need of it. Now
we members of   tbe   Socialist   Party
To go to work," etc.
You are not yet convinced -perhaps ugetu, labor 0„ the ayerage "about
that you do deliver up to the master
class. You think because you are paid
by your employers that they keep you,
and not you keep them.    You give up
have an economic theory, a cure for j your four-fifths of your product, it goes
the ills of society today. To get the j to the master class in pleasure yachts,
, people whom this will nenelit, to take j Teddy Bear dinners, midnight orgies,
it up, we must show them that they] etc.,  etc.,  it  also  helps  along  those
The productive power of the working
class has increased wonderfully since
the advent of the rule of capital, lees
perhaps in the cultivation of the soil
than in any other branch ef productive
labor. A few generations ago the
peasants could and did, refrain frjim
days in each year. They seldom worked
on stormy days. They could only work
when nature gave them light. They
did not have to worry about sherriff's,
notes, mortgages, land values, worlds
markets. Yet, with the crude methods
of that lime they produced an existence for themselves and a fat living for
have need of it.   At the present lime lean  years  of  hard  times  known   as U^ nla8tel.g
I do nut Ihtnk our members are giving! want of    confidence    times,   financial I
The productive power of those who
cultivate the soil to-day, is many times
greater than was that of the peasant.
it is a very rare farmer that can rein prosperous times your four-fifths
■ enough  attention  to  this  part of the|8tringences,   etc.   etc.,(   please   forget!
propaganda,  we  carry  on.    I  believe j that these are caused by spots on the
that if we can show the working-clas-l sun.)
.ses that they have need for Socialism
that they wiH study up the matter
•and eventually become Socialists.
Hence this article.
1  believe    that society as a whole
rtieeds Socialism, but as the plutocratic
fraln from useful labor even on Sun
°'_^!u^1"s."^fl!!! n°lZTf.^ da>''aad wl,u modern "*,ins aPara
tus farmers perform considerable useful labor when nature does not furnish
orgies and competition, is piling up
there comes a time when the warehouses get full ,with no buyers, then
the masters who empioy you for profit
•class are  fairly comfortable and  can  aIone| tunl you a$ri(u for committing
unanage  to  get  along  fairly   well  in
ithis world, we can be content to con-
.flne ourselves to the working-classes.
The first thing that the workingman
should get into his head, is, that he
Is on (his earth, not for his own bone-
Jit and .pleasure, but for somebody
■else's benefit. That the only excuse
for his existence is that he can toll
tor somebody else. As Shelley well
puts it:
"'Tis  to  worl;  and  have  such  pay
As jusl keeps life, from day to day.
In your limbs, ns in a cell.
For the tyrants' use to dwell.
So that y,c for I hem are made,
ljootn  and  plough  and  sword  and
Willi or without your own will bent.
To  their    defense    and    nourishment"
But toiling, for somebody else Is
slavery carps the critic, und we abolished thai long ago. Right here, Mr.
Workingman you must understand
that though We have changed the outward visible sign of slavery, that the
inward substance is there, just the
same. You are every bit as much a
slave as the chattel slave, and a good
deal more of a slave than the feudal
serf. Now Mr. "Employee," "Assist
ant" "hired help" etc., before I can
prove to you that you are a slave, I
must tell you what slavery is and
then you can see if it fits your case or
First as to the name, you may call
yourself an employee, or assistant, but
have trouble with an employer and
you will find in legal terms that It ls
a case of Master and Servant. That
English word servant, if you look very
closely Is derived from the Latin
root "Servus" a slave. So legally you
are a slave in name. So much for the
name. Now as to the fact itself. Herbert Spencer's definition of slavery is
as follows. "How much Ib he compelled to labor for other benefit than his
own, and bow much he can labor for
his own benefit? The degree of slavery varies according to Ihe ratio of
that which he Ib forced to yield up.
And that which ho Ib allowed to retain." I think It should be clear to
you now, that. If you deliver up part
of the product of your toll, that you
are a slave. The question ls, do you?
You are under the opinion that the
chattel slave gave up the whole of his
product, and that you receive the whole
of yburs. That shows where you are
a mental slave, just thinking the very
thoughts your masters wish you to
think. The chattel slave had to earn
sufficient to reproduce his wasted
energy and a return on the capital
required to keep him till he was able
to labor, before he earned anything for
his master. In other words, he gqt
for his labor-power, the cost of its pro
duction, and"so do you; what Is over
is surplus for the master class. Now
the cost of raising and keeping a chattel slave was greater in preportion to
the total amount of the product that
he turned out, than the cost of raising
and keeping you, Mr. Wage-slave, is to
tbe total amount of product you turn
out. Consequently according to Mr.
Herbert Spencer, you are a greater
slave than tbe chatted.    You simply
"Go to work.
To earn the money
To buy the goods
To gain the strength
the crime of making too much. You
go through a period of hard times, get
a little bit thinner, lose all the property you ever owned, beat up and down
the country a bit, till times get a bit
more prosperous, then yon go through
the cycle again, just like a monkey
doing a circus stunt.
After getting into your head, my
friend, that you are a slave, an abject
one at that, and that you exist for no
other purpose than to make your masters lives easy and luxurious, think of
Ihe awful poverty that the working
classes are in. By poverty, I do not
niean that they are starving or dying
of hunger. Thomas Carlyle Bays, "It
ls not to die, or even die of hunger,
that makes a man wretched; many
men have died; all men must die. Bui
it is to live miserable, we know not
why; to work sore and yet gain nothing; to be heart worn, weary, yet isolated, unrelated, girt in with a cold,
universal Laissez faire." To live
miserable, we know not why, to have
the dread of hunger, to work sore and
yet gain nothing;—this is the essence
of poverty, they all belong lo the working class and nearly all the working
class belong to them, and that. Is one
of the reasons why you need Socialism
and need It soon.
.Mr. Workingman are you going to
allow yourself to continue aB a slave,
and your class in such abject poverty,
or are you going to show your manhood and resent such things. I do not
know much about that land of many
mansions beyond the skies that you
have to die to get to, but I do know
that there Is a happy land right here,
and many mansions here for you too;
I know hat by co-operation, you can
make a paradise for yourselves here,
that the majority of the evils from
which you suffer, are from economic
causes and that they can be changed
by man. Brothers of the working
class your conception of the heaven
beyond the skies is but a tawdry thing
beside the paradise that you can have
here, when everybody will have for a
motto the words of Col. R. Ingersol.
"The object of life Is to happy,
The place to be happy is here,
The time lo be happy Ib now,
The way to be hapy, Is by making
othei-B happy."
Yours in revolt,
The peasants enjoyed a much larger
per cent, of the values they produced
than do Ihe farmers. True, peasants
,eould not produce multi-millionaires
All institutions educational or otherwise, that have the endorsation of the
Oapitalist class, are maintained for a
double purpose. First, to increase
the productive power of the workers,
not, in order to benefit the working
class, but to increase the surplus val-
ues(profits) for the Capitalist class.
Second, to mentally chloroform the
workers, so thoy will not detect how
and where they are robbed of the values they produce.
A very small per cent, of those who
culMvate the soil own farms. If the
other fellows have the farmer's notes
or a mortgage on his place, they own
lt, and even the few that are free from
debt have to struggle trying to keep
out of debt. They are all at the -mercy
of property they do not own. Capitalist properly. Railroads etc.
If you are as interested in the welfare of the farmers, their sons and
daughters, as you claim to be, you will
join Willi us Socialists. Our mission is
to secure for the working class of Canada, ownership over the industries of
this country: we believe that is ihe
only way the working class can free
itself from the rule and robbery of
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Suite 7, Lydia Court,
Winnipeg, Man.
P. Talbot,
Lacombe, Alta.
Dear Sir:-—
Your letter to hand. I have carefully noted the many arguments you
advance in favor of having the Agricultural College established at Lacombe. I have also carefully considered the many arguments advanced by
those who are interested in having the
Agricultural College established at
Strathcona. Both sides try to make
lt appear that they are battling wholly
in the interest of that uncertain quantity the public. I can readily see that
material Interests are the basis of the
whole controversy. The college will
add considerably to the property values in the place where It is established.
It does not matter to me nor the class
I represent which place secures the la-
creased values. ,,
Weary of Capitalism's yoke,
Resentful of its chains,
The rebels fled, and  west they sped,
To    Ihe    mountains,    woods    and
They journeyed long, for their hearts
were strong,
And  their aims   and   holies   were
West,    ever    west,    and    this    tb<ir
A land of liberty.
And ever there followed on their trai k,
The hosts of plunder and greed;
Did they tarry, or did they flee,
They  were torn by the woIvcb  of
West,  west, still  west, the  foremost
To the Pacific's shore;
Then flight was vain, for the trackless main
Cried, "Now you flee no more."
And harder grew Oppression's yoke,
More galling still its chains';
And sharp its goad, and heavy its load.
And dire Its woes and pains.
But Rebellion bred when hope seemed
And a cry rose wild and free,—
"Ye have naught to lose, now, toilera,
Revolt or slavery."
Then by the Western ocean's shose
They raised the Flag of the Free;
"Now  from  this  hour,  with  all   our
We'll strike for liberty.
In vain our flight, we turn In fight,
With Freedom still our prise."
And they never ceased their call to the
"Ho, flee no more, but rise!"
Feeble and faint was that call at first,
lt came from a feeble few;
But i,ts note swelled high, till the rallying cry
To a mighty volume grew.
'Twas heard in the mine, the forests
of pine,
Twas heard on the Western plains;
ln Ontario's towns the cry resounds,—
"Arise and break your chains!"
And  hard   by   where  St.   Lawrence
In Montreal's ancient  town,
Rose a lusty cheer, "The Red  Flag's
We'll never haul It down."
Ily Fundy's bay, there are slaves who
"Slaves shall we longer be?
There   are   Socialists   true    in    New-
Brunswick, too;
Rise, fellow-slaves, be free!"
And eastward on ihe call was sent
To Glace bay's curving shore,
Where,  in caverns drear, the miners
The surf above them roar.
And the Banner of Red was proudly
To the music of the waves,"
And the call from    ihe    West    was
echoed with  zesl —
"Arise, arise, ye slaves!"
From ocean unto ocean now
Our standard proudly floats.
From coast  to coast, a swelling host
For Revolution votes.
The end draws near, hark, hark the
Which daunts Oppression's powers,
"Hurrah for the day when the workers say
With truth,' 'This Land of Ours.' "
The cry goes up from the opposition
everywhere, Socialism ls all right but
how do you propose to work lt? Can't
you give us something definite, something concrete, some assurance that
things will be better done under Socialism than they are at present. Can
you not eive us a working plan. I
do not think there is a comrade anywhere who has not had to answer this
sort of thing every day of his life,
hence it seems to me that this old,
old, story cannot be too often told,
and this is my only excuse for these
First, then, let it be understood
that we cannot give you a working
plan. There Is no Socialist who can
draw aside the curtain of the future
and give you a birdseye view of the
Co-operative Commonwealth in full
working order. We have nothing to
do wtih prophecy, we are not trying to east a social horoscope for your
amusement. We are content to leave
this sort of game to astrologers and
fortune tellers, who will tell you all
they know and more, if you pay them
well enough. The Socalists are students of social science; as the biologist
studies the phenomena of natural evolution and beholds all life toiling painfully upward te higher forms or dropping out ti the race to perish utterly;
as the astronomer follows the wheeling
planets and beholds their wonderful
evolution from nebulous matter to solid, many peopled earths, so the Socialist, studying the evolution of human
kind, rsads plain ihe truth and proclaims it to the world. All history is
laid bare to him, seamy side u|», and
the painful march of humanity from
primitive communism to capitalism via
chattel slavery and serfdom, form ihe
basis upon which he builds his hopes
for ihe I'm are.
It is well, however, to keep In mind
this fact that biological evolution and
social evolution are two distinct processes, il is quite plain to us that
although one may not develop a primitive man from the lowly zoophite in
one jump, yet it. Is quite possible for
countries like Russia or China to take
up and establish the co-operative commonwealth without passing through
the stage of acute capitalism.
I do not propose to deal so much
with evolution in this article as with
the compelling force which makes or
unmakes us, that is, environment,
There again a demarcation Is necessary. Thai portion of our environment
which is altogether Nature's handiwork, and that part which Is man-
made, which I shall call our economic
environment. Ii is with this that I
propose 10 deal.
In the remote days of primitive communism, when men and women dwelt
together In comparative harmony before the. command, "Thou shall not
covci thy neighbors house, wife, ox or
ass, or anything that Is thy neighbors."
became   necessary,   ii    may    lie   said
that economic environment was almost
If not altogether absent, and II was not
tini il the Institution of the law of mine
and thine became a settled thing thai
It may be said to appear, The progress
of agriculture and the Increase of
population brought on those wars of
ConqU6Bl   whose     advent     sealed   the
doom of communism.   Private property
arose with lis logical results of slavery
and poverty.
It Is well al. <his point to explain Hint
the term private property does not
Include a man's boots, necktie, toothbrush or household effects, or even IliB
house, for these are personal property
and not private property properly understood.
Communism dead, Ihe cry arose,
death or slavery to the weak, victory
and property to the strong. Thus was
every man's hand tin ned against his
neighbor and a new era began. All
sor»s of arbitrary laws grow up, and
thus was created a new environment,
which produced and continues to produce prostitution, robbery, and the
thousand and one His which today
flesh is heir to.
Now nB I have said before, we are
bound by unbreakable laws to go as
our environment directs, to obey Is
life, to dlBobey death.    No man can
maintains that 'tis better to live on th»
floor of the ocean than on land, he is
likely to remain on the said floor till
the fish devour his corpse. Air and
land are his environment and he is
bound lo live and on them, If he will
live at all. Viewed in this light it is
easily seen how futile a thing Is a religion which teaches men to defy their
economic environment, for by Its command we must in this age live, If we
live at all upon some fellow creature.
If we get on some one gets off, it w»
succeeed it is over the backs of some
one else, if we become captains of Industry we must in order to maintain
our position compel numberless workers to desist from Industry. Thns* it
is and thus it must be until we have
common sense enough to change enr
In the face of this, however, ministers of the gospel continue to preach
the absurd "golden rule, continue to
plead with men to commit economic
suicide. In the reeking filth of the
city slums and in the palaces of the
rich they still demand that men do unto others, etc. Ye gods! they even
cannot follow their own foolish talk,
for they are themselves victims it our-
economic environment and must live
perforce upon the backs of their
The Socialist also is a creature of
environment and must dance to its piping if he will remain in the race. How
foolish, then, is all this talk about Se-
cialists practicing what they preach.
Here, then, is our something definite,
our something concrete for the future.
You ministers of the gospel, you moral reformers, you physical culture
monomaniacs cease tinkering with' th*
effects and help us abolish the.cause
of human suffering. Destroy tills present system of profit mongerlng and
establish In its place the co-operative
commonwealth; in other words change
our economic environment and in obedience to its dictates mankind will
change Its ways. The golden rule Will
then become as possible as today it is
impossible. Crime and its attendant
disease nnd misery shall pass away
forever.    Hasten the day!
Some words in the vocabulary ot
Socialism are in constant need of
deliiiiiiiiii not because Ihey change
their meaning from year lo year, but
because I hose who most frequently
use I hem do not always understand
their Import. Revolution ls one ot
these  words.
In the preface to his "Critique of
Political Economy" Marx tells us that
"revolution Is a more or less rapid
transformation of ihe juridical and
political sperstructure of society
arising from a change In Its economic
foundations." In other words, ihe term
revolution, as used by Socialists,
simply means complete change.   -
Bui the foregoing definition is not
yet complete. It tells us what revolution Is, but supplies lis with no clue
as 10 what METHODS are revolutionary and what are not. Knutsky supplies the deficiency in his masterly
work entitled "The Social Revolution"
He says lhat those changes which are
brought aboul through a new or hitherto oppressed class gaining control of
the governing powers and using them
ofr its own ends are attained by revolutionary methods, whereas, if the
changes are introduced by the ruling
class without pressure from below,
then they are attained by reform
methods. It Is desirable that this
distinction be born  in  mind.
Now, In Ihe popular mind revolution means violence, bloodshed, civil
war, street riots, aSsasinatioas, wholesale destruction of life and property,
the reckless overturning of cherish I
Institutions and other terrible things,
but this new view is not sanctioned by
the standard dictionaries and encyclopedias. It is often the cat? thai revolutions are accompanied by such excesses,  but they are  incidental, not  es
sential, to them. Indeed, petty re*
act In defiance of his environment, If'forms and reactionary measures :u-e
he IgnoreB the power of the air liejas often as not, accampanled, by such
ceases to be, if he  (so free are we) excesses  an are  genuine revolution*. -.'-'■■■
SATURDAY,  JULY   17,   1SQ9.
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SATURDAY,  JULY   17,   1909.
The Huddersfield (England) "Worker", expresses Itself as bitterly disappointed in Britain's "Labor-Socialist"
sepresentatives. And yet it is far from
Sting an impossiblist paper. To the
•ontrary, it appears somewhat of that
mild and "reasonable" type of Socialist
so much admired by our friend the enemy, and seems lo have been quite prefaced to rejoice at even a slight step-
at-a-time movement in the direction of
Socialism on the part of Ramsay Mac-
skmald and his confreres. Even this it
tails to find In their records in the
House, ln fact it suggests that "it
looks as though the Liberals were
making the running and dishing the
Labor men."
It insists that Kier Hardie, Macdon-
siiid & Co. might find something better to devote their attention to than
answering Blatchfcrd, casting cold water on Graysen and expending their
energies "on matters in which the So-
■iallsl wing of tlis party is less interested than the mere trade unionist
way be."   It concludes that—
"They seem loo ready lo rest content with mere replies to, or at lacks
iipen, what they regard as Graysonism.
We cannot be content with negations,
with triumphant exposures of the fal-
tesious hopes and desires of the 'young
nan in a hurry.' lt is good to be in a
ftorry. It is good to think lightly of the
•nJiRcuIties. It is good to be impatient
of rules and forms and ceremonies.
4nd it is good to be anxious to get on
with the work of building up the Co-
•nerative Commonwealth. There is so
iBHch to be done that it is high time
■the Socialist Party within the House
has] made, a start. For in purely Socialist work a start has still to be
When the news was heralded around
ibe world that some half-hundred stalwart workers, "mostly Socialists," had
won their way into that gentleman's
dob,-the. British House of Commons,
•real were the rejoicings and high the
hopes In the world of Labor, and those
or ns who were Inclined to be skeptical
were regarded as mere chronic knockers. Since then, those Labor representatives have successfully demon-
■strafetJ the absolute futility of reformist-policies in general and of the 1. L.
P.i in particular, for which Indeed we
owcthem thanks. Of course, to these
-iiepreeentatlves this Is by no means
•dear. For has not the I. L. P. elected
tbem than which it Is hard to Imagine
a greater success in their eyes, unless
It *«ito elect more of them. Previous
lo that they were unheard of nobodies.
Sow they are notables, In fact, fast
•eeonjing even notorious. They can
make world toura and be received with
enthusiasm, "even by people who have
aoiijtnipathy with Socialism." They
irao, iua body, go to Germany "on a
mission", (save the mark); In the
words of• Ramsay Maedonald. "to meet
Xiayors, Ministers, and leading men of
aft classes and schools of political
^bought." Though the trip was marred 4y the fact that from the German
Social-Democrats they "got no encouragement/" yet by what we hear they
Had a pleasant time, and "were received by committees—to which the
Social-Democrats were asked to send
Tenresentatlves, but did not except at
Dnsseldorf, but where they subsequently withdrew—and by big towns
2fte Cologne, officially." With the result, whatever it was, Ramsay is greater pleased. (They have a happy faculty, these I. L. P. representatives, of
always being greatly pleased with the
results of their existence.) "It greatly euhaneed Ihe reputation of the Labour Party itself." Except, of course
wiih the German Social-Democrats, and
they don't matter.
Indeed and Indeed, except that they
ism hardly be called working class candidates, how well Bakunin's forecast
fits these very men: "Working class
candidates, transferred to bourgeois'
conditions of life, and Into an atnios-
oltflve of completely bourgeois political
ideas, ceasing to be actually workers
Su order to become statesmen, will be
come bourgeois, and possibly will become even more -bourgeois than the
bourgeois themselves. For il Is' not
men who make positions, but, on the
contrary, positions which make man."
The "Worker" is right; "in purely
Socialist work a start has still to be
made." Nol alone in the House of
Commons, but, practically. In the propaganda Held also. There are few Socialists in Britain; lliere is an increasing number who would like to be- Ii
is noWeaders they lack, they have tar
too many;- what is needed is a fool-
killer at large among the latter, instead of the*torcb of Revolution they
! carry ihe rush-light of Reform before
| the workers and having how led them
Into the bogs of Parliamentarism, who
is to extricate them? The workers
themselves, and no other. In his sentimental way. Grayson touches t-hc
I right note in his recent speech at Neth-
"Those methods have kept you in a
groove. I don't think Socialists need
much re-enthusing, but there was need
for an intellectual spring cleaning, a
reconsecration lo their task, with a
fresh supply of facts and arguments—
an armour that no opponent could overcome. * » * * There was no
other argument than that mankind
should own the .means ot production,
and if they made anything it should be
made for the good of humanity, and
when they distributed it the product
must be to beautify and beautify the
labourer's life. Before they laid their
heads on their last pillow he hoped
they would be able to look on an earth
whose children were not wage slaves,
but who were emancipated workers;
the stroke of whose hammer was accompanied by the notes cf a free and
happy song. That was their ideal.
They believed they could do it. They
must never get tired of holding aloft
the torch of Socialism."
Yes, clearly, that is what is needed,
"a fresh supply of facts and arguments." Facts, irrefutable, iron-clad',
"doctrinaire" facts. After having repudiated "German-made" Marxian Socialism and devised a ".Modern Socialism," an "English Socialism," to
which no middle-class reformer or
hide-bound trade unionist could take
exception; which would admit even of
an "entente cordlale" with the Liberals; would build up a great Party and
would, success of successes, elect the
elect; after all this, it is now a case
of back to JIarx and ho, for a fresh
start, t'larionetle and I. L. P.er and
S. D. F.er have, lo, these many weary
years, been bewailing the hard lot ot
the consumer, voicing the bitter cry
of the children, warning of the "sinister designs" of Russia or Prussia,
denouncing British "misrule" in India, insisting upon work for the work-
less, immediately demanding this, lhat
and the other. Doing all things but
making a start in the "purely Socialist
work" of elucidating to the producer
his enslaved position in society; the
why and the wherefore of it, and the
one remedy.
Dark Indeed would be the outlook
for the Socialist movement in Britain
were It not that signs are not wanting
of the speedy coming of a Revolution
within the workers' movement; a casting out of the devils of Compromise
and Respectability. Of a wholesale
searching for "a fresh set of facts and
World over, as the revolutionary period approaches, the decadence of Reformism, the inanity of middle-class
Ideas, the intellectual poverty of the
intellectuals, is writ large and larger.
As the industrial system evolves toward its final transmutation, the Socialist movement evolves parallel to it.
When society is seized with the pangs
of childbirth, the midwife will be
daily if well advertised.) Some of
them have even been suspected of
doing, good by stealth. They are
liurnan beings and there is no reason
why many of them -should not be
quite human. Arid the human genus,
ihovjgh perhaps the,most stupid^ is by
no-means the most brutal of annual,
However it is quite another story
when ihey get down to -business".
They cease then lo be human and become merely the "outward and visible
form of the Inward and invisible spirit"
of their property. And property is
cold, meuhsnical, unseeing, merciless.
Having no function bul to accumulate,
Kecking nothing of the ruin and desolation it leaves in lis track, it moves
blindly unswervingly on to its own
destruction, and chained lo its wheels
the human race must move with it.
For all are slaves to property; the
poor to anether's, the rich to their own.
Frequently kindhearted, sentimental
souls are wont to lament "man's Inhumanity to man" which "makes countless thousands mourn", more especially if thai Inhumanity is practiced
far off In some alien land. They shudder with horror when a Russian Revolt is put down wllh rapine and
slaughter and even, upon occasion,
they sadden at the contemplation of
workers being half starved and overdriven, and Ihe lives of children being
ground out of them in mills and factories. Our humanitarian friends are
apalled when confronted with such conditions. Some of them seek to alleviate them. A few add their cupful to
the ocean of distress by writing verse
about it. With most of them their
hearts overflow in words of btiring indignation and they let it go at that, and
attribute the mercilessness of the oppressors to original sin, human depravity, lack.of godliness or such other
The fact of the matter is that no
human attribute has anything lo do
with it. It is property that is the
guilty party. The capitalist grinds the
faces of the poor with absolute indifference to their sufferings, not out of
any spirit of fiendish malevolence, but
merely at the behest of his property;
a behest that he must obey. Capitalists are not demons incarnate. Most
of llieni are reputed, to be not at all
bad fellows, and we are not inclined
to altogether disbelieve it. Many 5)f
them  delight  In  good   works,   (espe-
(By W. J. Curry)
Business at Rupert is not brisk at
present. Doing one another's washing,
trading with one another and peddling
"hot air" in such an atmosphere does
not bring that amount of prosperity
which was expected. Now that the
muskeg on which the pioneers of Rupert builded their homes has been sold
from under them by Messrs. Rand &
Co., tnose early birds who, in defiance
of the G. T. P. Co., squatted on Ihe
properly will have to move or pay
rent to the lords of this soil, the majority of whom, we understand, reside
in Vancouver. This should serve as
a lesson to the wage-slave to obey his
masters, be con-tent with his wages
and not to try to climb out of "that
station in which it pleased God to
place him."
Leaving Rupert on the Hudson's Bay
Company's boat "Hazleton." we tied
up at the wharf at Port Essington In
three henrs. During our stay there 1
shook hands with Comrade Garvie of
Vancouver Local, who has placed his
labor-power with the Cunningham Cannery Company for the season. There
is now quite a bunch of Socialisis at
Essington. ' The Jap and Chink have
captured about all the jobs in the fishing industry on the Skeena and Ibis is
opening Ihe eyes of the workers as to
the nature of capital and has prepared
them for the seed of rebellion. One
rebel expresses his regard for modem
society on such days as the 4th of July
and Emidre Day by running upon his
flag pole the "red flag of anarchy"
much to the disgust of the more respectable people and to the amusement
of "undesirable citizens." At Essington we took on more passengers and
cargo, and at four o'clock, with a farewell toot, the boat headed .up-stream
with the wind and tide in our favor.
For.many miles along the north side
of the river we saw the cuts and tunnels of the workers employed by the
railway company, but there were very
few men at work. We were informed
that the work was so hard, the food
and lodging so poor, the wages so low,
the storms of rain and sleet so frequent, and in season the flies so numerous and hungry, that when an offer
came from Alaska to employ them, the
men forfeited their pay, If any was
coming, and left almost ln a body. Another reason why so few wage-slaves
were seen along the line of construction is said to: be because of an affliction, chronic and epidemic, among the
readers and even the staff of Socialist papers like the Clarion, viz, "financial stringency."
It is said the G. T. P. ls short of
cash. In spite of the fact that this
great artery of commerce Is about to
tap the marvellous' resources ol
wealth laying dormant In the northwest and In the hides and tallow of the
workers and run It all Into the pockets
of the shareholders, O. T. P. bonds are
not in demand and the company Is
hard up. When the working plug Is
out of cash and a job, he Is frequently
run ln by the police, lodged In a lousy
cell and forced at the end of a club and
gun to work In tbe chalngang for the
benefit of the property owners. The
squawk of hunger on the part of promoters of Ihe G. T. P. had a vastly
different effect on the government than
the appeal of the destitute man or the
cry of the hungry women and children
of the working class.
The Laurier government, hearing its
master's voice, firstly, guaranteed interest on the bonds besides giving
other concessions; secondly, put up
ten million dollars to help build the
road, and, thirdly, has intimated that
if more is necessary, it will be pleased
to cough up additional funds.
How true is Marx's assertion lhat
the "governments are but the executives of ihe ruling classes," and the
worker who votes for anything 1ml
Socialism is voting for hunger, degradation, lousy cells, pool-houses and
chain giings for his class. It Is only
a pity that all who vote for wage
slavery could not get a good dose ol
these luxuries as a lesson. The faci
Is that the G. T. P. Is not good enough
for the men who understand the proposition, and within a very few years
this railroad and the "Northern Metropolis," known as Prince Rupert, will
be used as a club on the heads of those
corporation puppets now at Ottawa
and Victoria.
Between business hours the capitalist inay.be sporty or even reckless,
but buying, stocks is strictly business,
and lit- V'Bil Jiiip.ws.the differen£ftjj&.
t#oen a. winner'to bet on and the hide
of a pack mule stuffed with,buncombe
or a wooden rocking horse made to in
terest grown-up children and goverh-
meunil grfaters. But the children do
not want industrial slocks at presenl.
A land boom Is on and so we see them
fight ins; and lieiug as they gamble
with parts of the earth's surface, too
menially obtuse, too morally v.-arped to
kiitv.v that they are but social leeches
iisin^ the land stolen from the Indian
as a medium through which ihey suck-
thelr profits from the veins of Ihe producer. There are only three possible
ways of acquiring wealth: Producing,
begging or stealing it.
Reasons Why G. T. P. Bonds are Not
in Demand.
The promoters of the company said:
"We will get the northern trade." but
the men with the cash well know lhat
Elondyke and Atlln are in rapid
decline and that more and more of
the freight going to Yukon points is going via St. .Michaels and from Seattle
and   Frisco."
Bul think of the Oriental trade!
Again too late! Too late! Reports
tell us that Japan and even China are
taking less and less of the products
of the Western world and sending
more and more abroad.
1 About fifteen years ago Japan began
to import enormous amounts of steel
products, especially machinery, from
Uncle Sam and John Bull. There was
nothing too good or high-priced, and
so Jonathan and John shook hands and
chuckled over their stroke of business.
Being traders and capitalists, they
knew little or nothing of Ihe basis ot
trade or the origin and outcome ol
capitalist production. Now Japan is
making the finest kind of machinery
for sale, and she and China are already
throwing lumber, coal, copper and
manufacturing goods into the world's
market, while India is installing a ten-
niillion-ddlku- steel plant. In India the
average wage is six eents per day.
while ihe natural resources of Ihe
Orient have hardly been touched. Jonathan and John Bull are slowly realizing that selling the tactics and am
munition of trade and commerce to
the heathen was not such a brilliant
piece of business after all.
.Markets are today world markets.
We are even now getting butter, mutton, eggs, etc., from Australia and New
Zealand and fruit from South America. This world competition for trade
Is compelling the installment of more
productive machinery and of increasing economy in the produetion and distribution of commodities, so that with
every turn of the industrial wheel
there Is a greater and greater surplus
of wealth which must he disposed of
as the purchasing power and therefore
consuming abilities of the workers are
growing less, both actually and relatively.
Today capitalism faces a crisis
which means its overthrow. The last
dumping ground, the Orient, Is requiring less and less of our products while
It is beginning to produce a surplus of
its own. But the surplus products of
ihe Western world must be disposed
of or the wheels of Industry stop or
slow down, and the workers actually
sicken and die from poverty just because they have created so much
wealth! But though millions have
died and are dying from this cause,
enough will live to overthrow the class
which now rules and robs them, and
this spectre of rebellion, together with
ihe impossibility of finding markets,
are today Important factors in causing
investors to turn away from propositions so remote and questionable as
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company's bonds.
They tell us that Socialism is the
dream of the workers, but to the capitalist it Is becoming a veritable nightmare. In Europe organized labor has
thrown down Ihe gauntlet to their rulers. In Canada, the United States and
England trades unions are stampeding
for the red flag of social revolution.
The intelligent capitalists are beginning to read and understand the handwriting on the wall which tells them
that thlelr days are numbered; that
they have been weighed in the balances nnd found wanting. But the
small capitalist, the trader, the land
grafter, the professional men, the political and Intellectual tools of the corporations are, as a rule, too busy making a living, chasing butterflies, blowing bubbles, building houses and tracing townsiles in the sand to see the
great tidal wave of revolution Bumping toward them, and their Ignorance
Is only equalled by their conceit.
Only when these classes nave been
thrown out of the fools' paradise In
which they live and have struck Ihe
cold- barren rock of poverty on which
the wage-workers stand, will they see
the world as It really ls, and only then
will they assist in destroying the
brutal and insane form of property
rights now existing and help to usher
In the co-operative commonwealth.
If I read aright, the rude awakening of
a goodly number of this class here on
ihe Pacific coast Is near at hand.
Socialist Directory
M)0   Kvery   Local   of  the   Socialist   Partv  oi   LOCAL   POET  MOODY    B    B.    wn    di
T-Z-a-  .x. ,.,  ...J _ ■ .-j .....,__ ...,-  <.._..  i    s.   v.   n,  tt u,,..!..„..!.   _' rT^?"-*.
Canada   slwui)   run   a   card   tinder   this   iicad
tl.nn  per menWi.      Secrelaries  please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie. Secretary, Box S36, Vancouver,
13.  C.
B. V. ot C—Business meetings first
bundny In each month. J. v Hull
Secretary, Port Moody, ,33. c
BHecuMyi? Csmmittee. Socialist Party
of Canada, Meets every alternate
Monday, D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box s:iu. Vancouver, B. o.
T. ot* C. Propaganda and business
nieetliiKS at 8 p. m„ the fourth Thursday of each month in lodge room over
old post offlce, near opera house Everybody welcome. R. F. Gavrdan
becretury;  W.  W. Lefoaux,  Organizer
•ommltlfte, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Mundny in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllco. Secretary wiy be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province.
A. J. Prawning, See,  Box   >i     Cal-.
gary, Alta.
I LOCAL Ill-.HI.IM, ONT., NO 4 S. I'. (!!•• C.-
I    strata  i very   second and  foattli  U'edaisday
evening, ill s p.ni , 55 King s,, ,.,,, 0,,posile
1     Markei Hotel.   II. Mnrlin, Scev. 1,1 Wel'er .St
tlve Committee. Meets first, and third
Mondays of everv month. Jubilee Hall,
corner of King und Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement;
Secretary, it. '-. James, 32c, Hargr&ve st
Winnipeg,  Man.
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Hall. Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips. Organizer; I. A. Austin. Secy.
meets every Sunday at S:30 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. James Carson, Organizer; John Appleby, Secy.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m In the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postotllce). Club
1 and Bending Boom, McTavish Block
817 Second St. E. opposite Imperial Ho el.
Preils. Houlklier, Orgs., B, * 647; j, Gibiis,
1 ox 647.
Committee.   Meets In Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on  2nd and  4th
Wednesday.      Organizer.,   W.   Gribble
184    Hogarth    Ave..    Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary,   1,-40   Pupe Ave,.
P of C„ meets every rirst and third
bunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubus, Secy.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evealng at headquarters, over
Kdgett'a Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
?'. Perry. Secretary. Box 836.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     ».
Meets every Sunday night In the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
P.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H J.
Smith, Seoy.
—Meets"every second and fourth 'I'linrsday in
tin- month at 151 Hastings St., W. Secretary,
Matt Mnrtilla
Headquarters . and' Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
W. G. McCluskey, Secretary, Box 770.
P. or C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m., ln Trades and Labor Hall,
Founfch St. BiAstie.-is and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MucOuarrle.
Organizer, 623 Second St.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.  3,  8.  P.  of C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock|
Jack  Place,   Itec.   Secy.,   Box  826.
LOCAL   PERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall. Victoria Ave.. Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting llrst Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster,  Sec.   Box   164.
C, meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. F. OF
C, meets every Friday nlr-ht at 7:30
In Tlnnsins' Hall, cor. of Seventh nnd
Tronson Kts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson. oec-
retary, Vernon, B. C.
P. or C„ meets every Sunday after
Union meeting in Union Hall, Hillcrest
Mines. Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
qual-ters Klonoyke block, corner of Pacific
and King Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. VV. Cummings, Organizer.
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 336Maryland
street. r
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Wllti&ms, Sec, I.aJysniith, B. C
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. McLvod, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Finlanders' Hall. Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
765 Rossland, B. C.
Ush   Branch. Business    meetings
Hrst nnd third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesduys at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night nt 314 Wellesley St,
Speakers supplied or shortest notice to.
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
I.yon. 1.14 Hsgarlll Ave.   -
LOCAL   OTWIWA  NO.   8,  8.   F.  OF   C,
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 78 Rldean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:16 p.m.'
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
at 379 Wellington St. Charles Lestor,
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Broo-
son Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   NO.   S,   8.   P.   OF   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL.   QUE.,   NO.   1,   SV.
P. of C—Meets in Labor Hall. St.
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
lleaequarters No l St. Charles Ilorromce St
otto Julm Secretaay, 528 Cliausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in BritisJ.
Executive Board Member
Wn*. Davidson, Sandon
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Than. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Grand Forks..
Greenwood  ...
Kaslo <	
M. ft S. U.
. Nelson    	
8 Phoenix   	
38 Rossland   ....
'" Sandon    	
Trail M & M..
Wm. Wtnslow....
Patrick O'Connor	
Charles Blrce....
C. Bennett	
Mike  McAndrews.
Joe Armstrong	
Fred Mellette....
C. Gairns	
James Tobln  .... J
. W. K. Madden I
Geo. Heatherton..
T. H. Rotherham..
H. T. Rainbow....
. A. E. Carter	
Chas.   Short	
B.  Lundln   	
Malcolm  McNeill.
Paul   Phillips	
R. Sllverthorn...
J. A, -McKinnon..
L. R. Mclnnls...
Robert Mnlroy...
Blair Carter	
O. B. Mcintosh..
Wm.   Ilrsketli	
|A. Burgess	
J. Hays   	
isines Roberts 
i\ Phillips  	
W. A. Plckard...
Geo. ,*asey..,.	
A.   Shilland	
Fred Llebscher..
D. B. O'Neaill...
T. T. Rutherford,
F. D. Hardy...,
W.   B.  Molsaac.
Orand   Forks
Moyie I
Slocan City
Van Anda
Jos   tuhilotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueeata ja soaial-
ismin edistykaesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 197, Port Arthur, Oat.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen aanomalehti, jo-
ka taisteleesinunkinpuolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokanaan.
Makm ainooitiin, $1.50 vuoiikerta
"VMslmka" Mikiia. |l.»
we solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Bngtncers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliralnarysdvlce free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. MSrlon It Marlon, New York Life mdg.
Voulrell J ' lid Washington. D.C, U.S.A.
C  PETERS p,,e,,c,, BMl
Hand-Hade Bpoti and  Shoe* to order in
all style*.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
»SI Wnlmlsittr Ave.
"The Class Straggle" "S'lSiKW^t
Hulled for Site In ilfimpn-, nrci.tn wniiloit.
CHARLES H. KERR it 00., 183 Kioile Btreat, Qhlcftgo, 111
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphone
■s-i«MMKMMiniasHilsMiaVni SATURDAY, JULY   17,. 1909.
1 11   .
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party'Matters—AddrtSS All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter (with necessary    supplies to start Local)    $5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues Stamps,  each 10
Platform and application blank
per 100   2B
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto in Italian, per 100
Meeting, Monday, July 12th, 1909,
Present, Comrades Wirme (chairman), Mangel, Morgan, Peterson, Stebblngs and the secretary.
Minutes ot previous meeting approved.
Charters granted Locals New Finn-
land, Sask., and Lachine, Que.
Resolution of Ontario Executive concurred in and ordered published.
Port Arthur Finnish Local's proposition received per Ontario Executive,
And secretary Instructed as to the publication thereof.
Correspondence dealt with from Ontario, Manitoba and Alberta Executives.
Locals Amherst, Springhill and Cape
Breton, N. S.; Albert, N. B.; Windsor,
Ont., and North Battleford, Sask.
From     Organizers     dibble     and
O'Brien, and from Int. Soc. Hureau.
Ontario Executive   $14.00
Manitoba Executive   10.00
Alberta Executive     25.00
Local   Cape  Breton,   stamps   15.00
Local Springhill, N. S., stamps..    1.80
Local   North   Battleford,   Sask.,
stamps       3.00
Local  Lachine, P. Q„ Charter..    5.60
Local    New    Filmland.    Sask.,
Charter     o.r.O
I "Whereas, on page twent-flve, last
I paragraph, the Finnish comrades take
a position apparently in contradiction
of the vital principle of the recognition of the class struggle as a requisite
condition of membership in tile Party.
"Be It Therefore Resolved, That
further action In this matter he suspended pending an explanation of their
meaning regarding this paragraph;
"Be It Further Resolved, That this
Executive take the position that if
the Finnish comrades cannot accept
the existing membership pledge, requiring a recognition of the class
struggle as a condition of membership,
that tney are in duty bound to withdraw from the Party."
.Members present, Zalklnil, Llndala,
Stroud,  Watkinson, Colombo, and
Yours ln Revolt,
Secretary pro tem.
Meeting. Monday, July 12th, 1909.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Wai-ants authorized for poslage and
duty, $5.00; to Lestors, $23.25.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Hosmer I Ukrainian), Phoenix,
Mara, Kamloops, Nanaimo and Victoria. From Organizers Harrington
and Tomashavsky and Comrades Hawthornthwaite and Larson.
Local Vancouver, stamps $10.00
Local Vancouver, Finnish, stamps
and supplies     5.50
Local   Vancouver,   Finnish   (Co-
'and earried on many weighty arguments, Joggins is alright, you will
hear from the Comrades there.
The next morning we proceeded to
Amherst where we looked up Comrade
A. Collins. In the course of the afternoon we spread the news that there
was to be a graud Socialist rally at
Victoria Square that evening. A crowd
ut about 1,000 gathered. Mounting the
band-sland the writer pfoeeeded to enlighten them to the best of his ability
in the hour at his disposal before the
crowd diverted them. The military
band acted very decent, waiting about
twenty minutes for us to finish. About
100 followed us" to -the hall where another good meeting was held.
All In all, this trip has greatly encouraged me. Amherst is seething
with revolt and ihe Comrades are
patiently waiting for the coming of
Comrade Gribble. 1 am sare the Amherst Comrades will not. feel offended
if I prescribe a little more study.
The Old Flag! It stands for Liberty, Free Speech and Freedom of the
This motto, in'that it refers to the
Union Jack, is submitted to my readers that they may indulge in paroxisms of ghastly mirth. Of all grim
witticisms, conceived in the tortured
brain of sour cynic,>• It stands preeminent. Accompanying my cradle's
swing, it became the burden of my
school-day song and ever shone before
my youthful vision, until—I innocently attempted to carry out its principles—then I saw the point.
Under the protecting folds of so
benevolent a banner, Comrade Hemming and myself recently arrogated
to ourselves that vaunted right of
"Free Speech," and delivered of our
minds their wisdom, to all and sundry who strolled within range of our
Comrade, the Maritime is swinging j seductive voices.   Therein the practl-
The atentlon of Locals is called to
Port Arthur Finnish Local's proposi- j Com Wm. DavenportrBrantford
tlon. Locals wishing to endorse the Total
same should do so forthwith. Considerable delay has already occurred on
account of the proposition not having
been submitted through the Ontario
Executive. While we are no sticklers
for red tape, it would hardly have done
for the Dominion Executive to usurp
the jurisdiction of the Ontario Provincial Executive.
into line.   The organizing fund at present stands:
Previously   acknowledged $17.80
Col. at meeting, Toronto, per Com.
A. Lyons     100
Local Toitonto Eng. Branch   10.00
Com. R. Woodhouse, Toronto     1.00
Com. Stewart, Toronto 50
Local Sidney Mines     5.00
Com. A. Baker, Brantford 50
Com.  F.  Oddy,  Brantford 50
Com. J. W. Fogal, Brantford 50
Yours  in  Revolt,
Albert, N. B
Comrade Editor:—
From Saskatoon, I crossed country
into Alberta and  addressed  14  meet-
In regard to the proposition Itself, inSs-  Thel- over mai» line c- p- R- int°
lt might be remarked that a Dominion
convention at this time, involving as
it must so heavy a drain upon the
Party's resources, is not altogether the
wisest move we could make, from a financial viewpoint, especially as regards British Columbia where an election seems imminent. It would seem
wiser for the Provinces to fund their
provincial convention assessments,
and when a sufficient sum had accumulated, to pool their funds and hold
a Dominion convention.
• • •
In case the proposition arouses
much, discussion in these columns, correspondents are requested not to write
at too great length, as shorter communications will be given Ihe preference; in other respects both sides in
the controversy will be given an even
shake. It should, however, be remembered that abuse is no argument, but
merely the sign of poverty in argument.        V
Western Clarion, and Comrade:
Just a line from Woodstock, Out., to
mox campaign)   7.05 lit you know that the tide of the Socialist Party has reached this part of the
Globe. With enough force to have
Comrade Gi-'-en of Toronto, spend a
night with ns, June :14th. After a number of us listened to Comrade Green
address for an hour and a half, lt was
signified by all present that they would
meet on July 8th and form a local.
Hoping that every man that was
present will carry out this now and
form a good strong Local in Woodstock.   I remain.
Yours In Revolt.
Local Kamloops, stamps       2.00
Local Mara, stamps      2.00
Local  Nanaimo,  stamps  10.00
Ixical      Hosmer      (Ukrainian),
stamps        2.00
Local  Phoenix.  Constitutions...    4.00
Total    $42.55
Meeting of Alberta Provincial Executive held July 7.
Present, Hyatt, Foln, McDonald and
the 'secretary.
Correspondence dealt with from
Meeting Creek, A. Stewart, Moose
Jaw; Finnish Publishing Co. and Dominion Executive.
Formation' ot Ukrainian branch of
Calgary Local, approved.
Calgary    -..$ (1.20
Calgary (Ukrainian)      5.50
Meeting Creek     4.75
Expense*. -
Card In Clarion $ 3.00
Dominion  Executive     25.00
Post Offlce rent     1.00
A. J.
Dear Comrade:—
At a special meeting of Provincial
Executive last night, June 30th, the
following motion was^passed:
Moved by Green, seconded by Watkinson: "Whereas the Dominion Executive has drawn the attention of this
Provincial Executive to the Issuance
of a pamphlet by the Finnish Locals
in Ontario, and other Provlnes, said
pamphlet arguing in favor of immediate demands;  and,
"Whereas the Finnish comrades
state lhat the pamphlet was issued for
distribution among Party members,
nnd not for for general propaganda,
consequently we are of the opinion
that the pamphlet, being issued as a
discussion ot our platform, ls not a
violation of Party law; and,
Dear Comrade: — ..
On July 1st the anniversary ot the
birth of "our" country, It entered my
noddle t'hat I shouid celebrate the
event by making an effort to hammer
the spirit of revolt Into some of the
miners of Jogglus. N. S. Accordingly
1 embarked upon an excursion steamer
and at 11 a.m. was diligently searching
this mining camp for "undeslrubles."
Needless lo say I found them. The
U. M. W. of A. voted me their hall
gfhtls. At 6.30 p.m. we called the
meeting to order. About 25 were present which was a good attendance considering the fact that there were games
of baseball and football in progress.
After speaking about fifty minutes I
called for signatures on an application
for charter, seven Comrades responded
and- those who signed assured me that
they knew several more who would
gladly do so when given the opportunity. Comrade Walter A. Grlce, secretary of the U. M.W., took charge of
the application and It will be forwarded In a few days, bearing probably
twenty-five names.
About 8 p.m. I hustled for my boat
and upon arriving at the landing found
that she had nvallcd herself of the opportunity to leave Iwo undesirable citizens (Comrade Tlngley of Albert accompanied me) behind. Obviously the
only thing for us to do was lo return
to the hotel, whicli we did.
At 9 p.m. having gathered a good
crowd on the street we proceeded to
Initiate them into the mysteries of the
present economic system. At twelve
when we retired the crowd still stayed
Southern Saskatchewan, where I addressed 0 meetings and made the acquaintance of many fine Comrades. I
am now in .Manitoba, but will address
a number of meetings in Saskatchewan
as I return to Alberta.
While in the farming districts, I
discovered there was an extra good
crop of mosquitoes, the best, they said,
in seven years. They tortured the
horses so, in many cases, they had to
cease plowing. How much the children suffered is beyond my power to
describe. But neither Ihe horses nor
the children, had lo worry about
sherriffs, notes, mortgages, land values, worlds markets, failure of fall
wheal, late spring, prospects of being
frozen out, hailed out, burnt out, either
by hot winds or prairie fires, the loss
of horses or cattle from disease.
Mosquitoes are only one of the many
tortures lhat the men and women have
lo endure. There is the many diseases
among themselves, particularly the
children, such as, the many different
kinds of fever, diptheria, quinsey, la-
grippe, chicken pox, mumps, measles,
and other diseases that are common
among people who have to live In such
miserable little dwellings, the cold
winds nnd keen frost of the winter.
There are also house Hies, fleas, bedbugs, that il is almost impossible to
escape, no matter how hard the women
folks slave in trying to keep the shacks
The horrible child slavery that exists
In the industrial centres is equaled
(If I had the ability to describe tt as I
know it to exist) by the child slavery
In the farming districts. Very poorly
clad, out early in the morning in the
cold wet grass In summer, and the
snow in winter, doing the many chores
Sat children, because ihey are light
on foot, can do as well and in less
lime than grown up folks. There are
always so many chores that the children cannot do, that keep the grown up
folks busy. Then a hurried breakfast
of, us a rule, very coarse food, dinner
In hand, Ihey hurry several miles on
the average to school. Fatigued and
tired out, they sit on the hard wooden
scats In the dull country schoolroom.
The teacher In order to hold his or
her job must Impart Borne technical
knowledge to Ihe children, so as to Increase their productive power. Here
they get a change but not a rest. The
teacher must worry and torture them
until it is time to get home and do the
evening chores. The same grind every
If the price of the coarse adulterated
food and the shoddy clothing that those
children gel was given them In wages
I doubt if lt would amount to one-half
a cent per hour. Children like all
other living things, follow the road of
least, resistance. That accounts for
the difficulty of keeping them on the
farms. They escape as soon as Ihey
can. Then the supposed wise folks
say these children could have had a
good education, but Ihey ran away.
Farmers are rapidly discovering thai
their ownership of their Job Is a myth.
That like the rest of their class, they
do not own, capitalist property. That
the Capitalist class controls all the
farmers produce, he who colli rolls Ihe
product of my labor is my master, I
am therefore his slave. Farmers just
get wages, poor wages at that. However slaves are only worthy of a
slave's portion, which Is Just enough
to enable them to coiillnue to slave
cal Joker had us on the hip. You see,
It's all ln the definition ot "Free
Speech," which means, according to
the machinery of Winnipeg law administration, "the articulation of
ideas under police supervision." For
our ignorance in this respect we spent
seven days in the monkey cages of
his majesty. I believe the magistrate
said something about a fine, but, of
course, we couldn't pay for the city's
amusement, of which we were the object—that would be too much.
It is useless to waste further words
upon the question ef discrimination,
for the police department and the city
court quite candidly admit that they
tlo now, and propose further to give
preference to the Salvation Army in
the use of the streets for propaganda
purposes. The old fight for this small
jot of freedom must be fought anew.
And It must be fought by the working class, for it is against that class
and Its doctrines that this so flagrant incident of oppression is directed. It remains to be seen whether
there burns a spark of true democracy
In the breasts of Winnipeg workers,
which will inspire them to a staunch
defence of their inherent rights.
One tiling is certain, Comrade Hem-
ming's and my own Incarceration
was due to the fact lhat our politics
are of a different hue to those of our
masters. We were therefore political
prisoners—in this laud of the free.
We got on very well in gaol, apart
j from a feeling of relationship to train
ed rabbits, when examined by visitors through the bars, the time passed pleasantly enough. We had plenty
to read, thanks to the Comrades who
were still at large. Of the prison officials, we can, even were we so Inclined, speak no ill. They were as
considerate as rules and regulations
would permit.
One incident Is worthy of most especial mention. As one of the distortions of capitalism, I will carry Its
recollection to my grave.
On the morning of our prison Sunday, there visited the scene of insult
several celestial delegates selected by
God to voice His various sentiments.
j Collecting such of the prisoners . as
had not been there before and were
not wise into a small room, the representatives of Divinify placed themselves between us and the only exit
(with design, as we soon learned)
and opened fire.
First, we were exhorted to give
thanks to God for the privilege of
being where we were, then we got a
most severe keel-hauling for being
there, which didn't strike me as being fair to the Almighty. However,
It was later made manifest that if
we would quit boozing (no provision
for teetotallers) Christ would help1 lo
get us out again. That resembles a
malicious effort to arouse dissentlon
above. One brother told how he had
remained adamant to the influences
of the saving grace, until he nearly
got scalded to death, which scared
him so bad that he Joined the Salvu-
ilon Army and was there to tell us
ihat he wasn't any better than we
were, but that Christ had made him
whole, and It was his for glory. After
a duet, whicli classically Illustrated
the horrible anguish of lost and riven
souls, the orgy was crowned by a pe-
iltlon to the Supreme Power to pour
Ills bountiful blessing upon the police
This broke the cord of toleration.
If God is ever so unfortunate as to
hear the Blckly drooling which issue
from the anaemic "minds" of His
snivelling iletilenanls, it would give
Him such an attack of vertigo as to
cause Him to fall out of Elysium.
With all this, my Comrade and I
return wllh heightened spirits to the
conflict. And never shall our energies
be relaxed until, ir lit* be left us
the conquest be achieved, and Liberty
—illusive goddess—reign over all the
world — the home of the working
SPES. In The Voice.
and produce young slaves to take their
places when they are worn out. The
fnrmers are fast taking up the study of
Socialism. They are eager for our
Box 647 Calgary. Alta.
The Canadian Socialist Party, like
all the Socialist parties of the other
countries, is working with the present
conditions in sight. Or anyway it
should so work. This again provides
that the platform at all times must be
kept in accordance with the present
conditions; it is to be amended as
often as the state of things needs.
Now is the platform defective regarding same Important matters, not In its
principal but in its practical side. In
the platform none of the immediate demands, which are at (iresent found in
the Socialist Party Platforms of all the
other countries of Ihe world and which
the proletariat of every country very
badly needs, are mentioned. The
platform does not once say what kind
of legislation the Party advocates, by
the way, tt is only mentioned that
the C. S. P. stands for such a legislation whicli will benefit the proletariat
In their class struggle. A sttperficlal-
ness like this explains nothing and it
does not" satisfy in the slightest de
gree the workers, wherefore we can
not get them with us, If the platform
Is not enlarged.
We are convinced that the Party
Platform mast at least contain some
of the very Important facts, by means
of which we reach the winning post,
the Socialist society, and not only a
few principal sides of the last show
of the social revolution, as the platform now does. Only thus, I. e., by
the means ot a practical platform can
we get the masses with us and put a
stop to the reactionary work of the
bourgeoisie, which it is doing encouraged by its own class Interests. The
special metion In this case ls published in book form: "The Canadian Socialist Party and Social Democratism,"
to which we here refer.
Another important question which
ought to be especially considered, Is
the format!** of the propaganda work
to be more practical and to be In more
accordance with Its purpose.
The state of things in Canada re:
quire large exertions for the organization of the propaganda work, but just
for this reason as much attention as
possible ought to be given to this
Owing t* what has be?n previously
said, the Pert Arthur Finnish Socialist Local decided at thoi'- meeting held
the 24th April, 1909, to move for a
referendum in the 0, S. P. on Die
matter of holding a general Party
Convention  for  the  whole  country.
The matters which we are going to
submit to the Convention are, as above
mentioned, the enlargement of the
Party platform and the organization of
Ihe propaganda work.
In order to have all the possible
benefit of the Convention, it needs the
most thoreugh preparation. To get
enough time for these preparations
and propositions, we submit that the
Convention be held on or about the
15th of September next. The meeting
place of the Convention we submit the
city of Port Arthur, Ontario.
If this proposition ls granted, the
Port Arthur Finnish Socialist Local,
together with the other Locals of this
place, will promise to arrange the practical business for the Convention.
Subsidiary Proposition.
Whereas, the above proposition contains no provision for financing the
Convention, the Dominion Executive
Committee submits that an assessment of two dollars ($2,00) per member be levied for that purpose.
Ixicals that favor the above propositions are hereby called upon to notify their respective Provincial Committees as soon as possible before
August 7th.
Should the majority of the Locals
In any Province favor the propositions,
the Executive Committee should endorse them and so notify the Dominion Executive not later than August
If thus endorsed by a majority of
the Provincial Executive Committees,
Ihey will at once be put to a'general
vote of the Party, ln accordance with
Article IV, Section 1(d) of the Constl-
Xere and Tfow
tut Ion.
Fraternally submitted,
'   D. G. MrKENZIE,
Dominion Secretary.
In his noteworlhy book, "The Truth
about the Trusts," John Moody says:
"In the usage of today the term 'Trust'
ls applicable to any act. agreement, or
combination believed to possess the Intention, power or tendency to monopolise business, interfere wllh trade, fix
prices etc. By this definition we see
that not only are consolidations of
former competing plants 10 be looked
upon as Trnsls. but all large businesses
which posess the foregoing characteristics are Trusts, whether made up of
one planl or a hundred, and  whether
actually possessing monopolistic feui-
Ires or nol. Thus, franchise corporations and groups are Trusts, railroad
aggregations are Trusls. posessors of
exclusive power and privileges of any
sort, as well as mere producers on a
lage scale must be looked ui>on as
The usefulness of the Clarion is limited only by its circulation. It ls astonishing the number of workeus one
meets who hare not heard of the Clarion or the other Socialist papers. You
admit that those articles and letters
which appear each week are the real
g_oods, but how limited their power
is unless a large and ever increasing
number of readers' see them. Now
is the time to pile up your votes for
election day. The Clarion will make
them as fast as you wish, so let
every local concentrate Its energies en
pushing the circulation. The results
will surprise you.
• •   *
It may mean hard work, but a Hat
of nine subs from Comrade Cribble
shows that the slaves of the Maritime
Provinces, as elsewhere, are susceptible to the truth, If we only take
the pains to put our position before
• •   •
Are you qualified to vote in civic*;
elections? If so, get your name oil
the voters' list.
• •   •
Comrade G. H. Robson renews hie
sub. for another year. He designates*
society's divisions as 'two bunches—
parasites and slaves." He also remarks, incidently, that "The Clarion
certainly contains the information
necessary for the wage-slave to have
before he can free himself and, society from the cures of capitalism.
• *   *
"Yours for a red hot one," says the-
redoubtable Stebblngs, and moves the
Winnipeg list up another notch, with
a bunch of. four.
• *   *
Comrade H. J. Robinson Introduces
a couple of inbestigators from Toronto, "the Good."
• * •
Whose fault Is lt that the number
who sent in one sub. this week is se
small?   Will I have yours, soon?
* V   %
J. G. .Morgan, Vancouver, B. O; A.
Hall, Thunder Bay, B. C; J. E. Cook,
Vancouver, B. C; J. L. Thornley, Fernle, B. C; W. McDonald, Vancouver,
B. C; H. Norman, Vancouver, B. 0,j J.
V. Hull Port Moody; Chas. Chaean,
Tenlno, Wash., U. S.>A.; Alex Lyon,
• *   •
A man lost and perishing In the
forest and refusing to be guided to
safety when found, ls somewhat like
the workingman who "refuses" ta
read a Socialist paper.
• •   •
"How few think kindly of the thinking few. How many never think at
all who llilnk they do."
• •   •
For workingmen to attempt to elect
other than Socialists to administer the.
affairs of a city, is merely to repeat
the follies of the past.
• • e
Until labor conquers poverty, the
motto, "Labor omnia vlnclt" will remain a standing joke.
• •   •
It Is your ballot that decides the
question: Shall capital or labor write
the law.
• •   e
Was the rushing of 500 cut-throats
to Glace Bay for the purpose, If necessary, of shooting hot lead Into their
fellows, an evidence that "the people of Canada are religiously Inclined?
"All class    struggles
are political
8ANDON,   B.  C.
Comrades: -
At a regular meeting Of Sandon Socialist Local, .No/36, held on July 6,
1909, your communication of June 28,
1909, asking for a -donation from each
of the Locals was acted on as follows:
The   1 al   voied   $10,  a  donation   ot
$5.00 nnd five subs, for the Clarion.
Please find enclosed order for $10.00.
Yonrs ln Revolt.
Dear Comrade: —
Enclosed find M. O. for $8.00, for
five Clarion yearly sub. cards and 20
dues slump for Local Port Moody,
nnd n year's Clarion sub.   .
Yours for Revolution,
Is your name on the voters' list.
In behalf of myself and Utile ones,
I wish to thank all friends for their
kindly help and sympathy lu our sad
bereavement, especially the Socialist
Comrades for their splendid loyalty
to the dear one whose loss we so
deeply mourn.
1 wish to acknowledge receipt of
IJtSiOO from the Tailors' Union,
$358.26 through Comrade W. H. Steb-
UlhgB and-$26.50 per D. G. McKenzie,
for this I extend our henrlfeli Hianks.
St. Vincent, Minn. FOUR
SATURDAY,  JULY   W,   1909.
Within a week the members of the
Women's Social and Political Union
will4have accomplished another "raid"
on the House of Commons and the papers will then again be filled with the
deings or the Suffragette. In view of
the many misconceptions which people have in regard to the Suffragette
movement in England, It might not be
amies here to explain what relation it
bears to the Socialist movement.
Many seem to think that the Suffragette and Socialists are identical,
and yet nothing could be more erroneous, for with the exception of a few
Suffragettes being Socialists and a few
Socialists being Suffragettes, there is
nothing in common between the two
movenfents as they are now constituted ln England.
It is not to be inferred from this article that our Comrades here are anti-
feminists—they are far from that, and
the wemen in the Socialist movement
here •empare favorably in number and
enthusiasm with those of other countries. The Socialist movement In the
United Kingdom, as part of the International Socialist movement, advocates
the enfranchisement of women. Adult
sufferage as it Is understood here
means the right to exercise the franchise and to hold public office regardless of sex, creed, color, or property
qualifications. It means that when a
person becomes of age—21 years ls
looked upon as the minimum age limit
—that all persons shall be allowed to
exercise all the privileges of citizenship which a free people are justly entitled to.
It ls because of this principle which
we Socialists advocate, being so broad
that it divides us from the Suffragette.
It Is because the Suffragettes advocate
a narrow, illogical policy that the two
movements are at variance with each
other. Both, the Women's Social and
Political Union and the Woman's Freedom League, the two Suffragette parties in England, advocate the enfranchisement of women, but only on the
same basis as now enjoyed by men,
that is, with property qualifications.
Such an illogical position has, of
course, no place in the Socialist movement, and the only excuse the Suffragettes can find for such an unjust
attitude Is that "It will help THEM to
secure the franchise more easily."
In other words, women of wealth and
position seek to secure their own political emancipation by climbing up on
the backs of their less fortunate sisters. They claim freedom for themselves, while they refuse the same
right to others of their own sex on the
flimsy excuse of expediency. Could
anything be more unjust? The Suffragettes argue that after they once
secure the ballet for the propertied
section of their sex they will in turn
secure the same rights lor the disinherited, but there is nothing that can
be advanced to show this will be the
case, and there is much that can be
brought to prove that they will do directly opposite to what they now promise.
The propertied woman has identical
interests with the propertied man, Ihal
is, the subjection of the working class,
and such being their interests, how is
it conceivable that wealthy women,
once they secure the franchise, will be
willing to grant political freedom to
tbe working class women, any more
than wealthy men now care to extend
the franchise to the working class?
The argument has been advanced
that woman being more compassionate
and mindful of the sufferings of others
than man, would revolutionize the social system once she obtained the ballot, but facts do not bear out this assertion. For women figure largely as
the employers of servants and yet lt
cannot be said that they show any
more consideration for their employees
than the owner of a factory does for
his "hands." Indeed, I hose of the
working clasB who are employed in
the factory, shop or office, usually have
more freedom, are less sweated and
better treated than the average house
servant. It is just for these reasons
that the servant girl problem is so
acute today. Wealthy women, or those
who employ more than one servant, are
generally complaining about the scarcity of good servants, their outrageous
demands, etc., etc., but they fall to realize that lt is because of better conditions that can bo secured by the working class from the mule employer in
the factory, shop or otlice, that the
workers leave the female employer
whenever opportunity offers. The difference, however, is not. great and supposing that there Is little or no difference between male or female persons
of wealth as far as their Ideas of justice, consideration, and enlightenment
goes; does lt not prove that a move
ment which advocates political freedom for less than one-third of its sex
is a reactionary movement and will do
as much, If not mere, harm than it
does good? It certainly look* that way
and coming events will undoubtedly
prove this.
The Suffragette movement in England is "eminently respectable" and
the Woman's Social and Political Union can raise shillings to pence raised
by the Social Democrat Party, because those who subscribe te the Suffragette cause know that should the
propertied woman secure the ballot another bulwark will be raised in the defence of the capitalistic system of society. Even the church is beginning
to look with favor upon the Suffragettes and the church has the reputation ot knowing a good thing when it
sees it. Canon Scott-Holland of St.
Paul's Cathedral, London, is quite in
accord with the present Suffragette
movement in England and what is
sanctioned by St. Paul's Cathedral is
as "correct" as a pair of trousers in a
shop window In Piccadilly.
It would seem quite logical that a
crumbling, decayed church, whose
sparse congregations are now mostly
composed of women of the middle and
upper class, could be sagacious enough
to realize that in order to retain its
"establishment" it must secure the political aid of its congregations. These
congregations being women not of the
working class, why should the church
not favor anything that will perpetuate
its power when it hears rumblings of
discontent and sees the handwriting
on the wall?
Much more could be said against the
Suffragette reactionary movement in
England, but space forbids; so in conclusion let me point out why I think
the Suffragettes will eventually gain
their ends. First, because whichever
capitalistic party needs votes, will
grant the limited franchise to women.
Second, because a middle and upper
class women's vote will offset many
votes for Socialism. Third, propertied
women will be of great aid to an established church when once they are allowed to vote. And, fourth, because
the "respectability" of the Suffragette
movement, containing as it does, few
of the working class, is in itself a
guarantee to the aristocracy and te the
plutocracy that it is a perfectly safe.
sane and harmless movement.
The reason the Suffragettes are now
allowed to carry on their cemedy and
are not granted the vote at once is
for exactly the same reasons that war
scares, horse races, and football games
are gotten up, namely, te keep the
workers from thinking of their poverty. The emancipation of women, either
politically or economically, will never
come through a middle class movement
but only through the well' wide movement of the proletariat.
Yours  for the revolt,
London, June 26, 1909.
The workers are learning to think
for themselves and to organize in their
own interests. This is a natural consequence of their association in large
industrial establishments, their education ln the schools and their enfranchisement. From the first flows their
sense of solidarity, from the second
their Intellectual training, from the
third their conBclousness of political
Once upon a time people believed in
the divine right of kings. Today they
believe In the divine right, of capital.
But this latter belief is passing away
as surely as did the former. So alBO
is the belief thai poverty Ib a blessing
In disguise. The church is losing Its
hold over large sections of the community. Among working men and
women a feeling seems to be prevalent
lhat the church Is controlled by the
well-to-do In Ihe Interests of the well-
to-do, at any rate, the old teachings
no longer suffice to allay their discontent. An unti-rellglousness akin to
that, which characterized the French
Revolution is developing among the
proletariat of Europe and America.
In the domain of political economy,
a like unorthodox? is manifesting itself. A large and Increasing number
of working people are studying economics, not, however, the economics of
the schools and colleges, The economics which Ihey are studying are the
economics of Karl Marx, economics
which have a revolutionary import and
which, though meriting the title of the
"dismal science" because of the unpleasant thruths they contain, nevertheless bear a message of hope to the
disinherited of all lands.
Hdltor Clarion:
Dear Comrade Editor,—Clarion readers may be interested In an account
of wage slavery in southern Alberta.
•I notice Comrade O'Brien mentioned
me in the issue of June 27th as earning $6.35 in three weeks, and it was
substantially true.
On May 3rd I pulled out of Calgary
for the south on a steam shovel, with
nothing in my pockets, but hope in my
heart, as I looked to clear a good stake
on tbte shovel. Alas for my hopes!
On arriving at Parkland, a flourishing town at that time of one store and
two houses, I was ordered to take a
position on the extra gang, who were
busy laying the foundation of Park-
land's greatness in the way of sidetracks, and I was the unlucky wlelder
of a shovel for nearly three weeks.
The wage slaves on this gang were
largely of the Galician species, whose
ambition ls to get unlimited supplies
of pickles at meal hours; at least that
was my Impression as they struck once
for them. The few "white" or British
slaves engaged in the exercise of shovelling dirt under the eye of a vigilant
Swedish driver, were of a miscellaneous type. Some were the possessors
of that means of independence, a homestead, and in the endeavor to secure it
were compelled to take any job to
earn the necessary money. Still another I found with all his worldly possessions on his back, who was filled
with admiration for the glorious empire on which he had the privilege of
being allowed to work. Yet another,
who thought it romantic lo be able to
thus "rough it" In the West, and as
all our troubles were dispensations of
the Almighty, it was no use kicking
anyway. It was certainly romantic to
clamber at. meal hours into a filthy
boxcar, and scramble for the various
delicacies that adorned the festive
board. I might enlarge on the exquisite taste, too, with which the good
things of life were served to us, but
will refrain. Nights were passed in
the seclusion of the Pullman sleepers,
on luxurious wooden bunks, and the
privilege of hunting for greybacks was
permitted the men, and no extra
charge was made.
Price of labor power was $1.50 per
day; board, $4.25 per week; doctor's
fee, $1.00 per month. Wet days you
neednt' work, but if you wanted the
value of your board money,' it was
compulsory to eat. After nearly three
weeks as aforesaid of this gentle physical exercise, I was moved to accept
the offer of one of our sturdy, independent Canadian farmers, who had
compassion upon me, ami made me
the princely offer of $35 a month and
board, and drew pleasing contrasts
between farm life and the extra gang
All nature' wore a roseate hue that
night. Was not my master a prosperous man, who had sold his homestead,
bought a half section, erected a two-
story house, nad numerous head of
horses and cattle? Truly, all seemed
well. But little by little my hopes
went glimmering, tilt today, six weeks
later, 1 am congratulating myself on
having escaped his clutches with $20;
the rest is yet to come. When, in
Taft's language, "God knows." For the
sad truth was forced upon me that the
land was not paid for, nor his house
or barn, machinery, stock; not even
the food he ate, und a heavy mortgage
on ln addition; no crop in sight for
him; in fact, he has the appearance of
one who is doomed* to descend to the
level of the ordinary wage slave.
But as for me, I console myself by
thinking that I nave been one of those
sturdy tollers who make "our" West
grow; for has not Parkland now an
elevator, with two more to come, several stores, restaurant, shacks wherein the citizens of this world-centre reside? A booze dispensary Is promised In the near future, a real eslate
shark ls already in attendance, and 1
am told that lots may now be had adjacent the depol at $400 each, and the
humble wage slaves who made it possible, still remuln peaceably ln their
box-cars, or, like myself, prepare to
lake up the weary search once more
for a purchaser of this labor power
which all good slaves carry, to our
Sub. hunting among the farmers is
decidedly slow, as their poverty Is as
self-evident as ls the prosperity of
those who flourish off their labor. I
have found, however, quite a number
of undesirable citizens scattered over
the country, mostly Socialists from
sentiment, rather than from a class-
conscious knowledge of their position.
Comrade O'Brien Ib well spoken of by
i hose who have heard him, and I hope
the good work he has done ln Alberta
is also being carried on in Saskatchewan.
I will conclude now, hoping this will
be of some little Interest to prospective tourists to Alberta.
I remain yours ln revolt,
F. 8. F.
It matters not what political faith
you profess, lt is your duty to get your
name put on the voters' list.
The decreasing purchasing power of
money on this continent is the subject of fresh comment. "A dollar today in Center Market," says the Washington Post "will not buy as much for.
the table as' 50 eents would a few
years ago." "It is getting so" says
the Toronto Daily News, "that among
the poorer people meat Is a luxury that
can be indulged in only on rare occasions and then only the cheaper and
less nutritive cuts. One of the chief
factors in the progress of the United
Slates during the century past, has
been the abundance of cheap food-
si uffs. More than anything else, it
has established the high standard of
living which has made Ihe American
working man the most effective In the
world, and the lowering of this standard of living from whatever cause,
means a revolution  in  the American
•ononilc   system.     Certainly   times
ive not improved lately for the man
on a fixed wage or income."
Thus saith the Toronto News, and
he Soclalisl agrees and at the same
time follows the argument to its logi-
il conclusion. Lowering the American standard of living means that it
will arrive at about the same standard as the European. Industrial
Europe and America are competing
for the world's fast decreasing markets. Japan and China are rising on
the industrial field also hungering for
the same market. The Jap and
Chinese standard of living is much
lower than the European and American. If the American standard can
fall to the European, then It is only
right to assume that the European and
American standard together will fall,
(with Capitalistic developemeut,) towards the Oriental  standard.
The Oriental standard of living will
probably tend to rise slightly, but not
fast enough to make any appreciable
difference. Capitalism in Europe and
America is rushing on at breakneck
speed, and in a short time the workers the world over will have a common standard of living. The standard
of living for the world's workers will
be, generally speaking, slightly higher than the present Oriental standard.
From a revolution in the American economic system wil follow a revolution in the world's economic system.
Economic revolutions have a cause,
and that Is, Capitalist exploitation of
Ihe worker. Changes In economic
conditions are always followed by
political changes. The effect of continued working class exploitation and
a universal standard of living for the
world's workers will result in a worldwide political revolution, capture of
the powers of state by the exploited
workers. A change in Ihe ownership
of Ihe means of production from Capitalist ownership to Co-operative ownership, from exploitation and wage-
slavery to freedom and human development.
Exploitation and oppression awakens
consciousness, when that oppression
develops on a class, the working class
for example, then a class consciousness develops. Exploitation of the
world's workers results in a worldwide class conscious revolutionary
movement. Consciousness is intelligence. Intelligence is the power to
acquire knowledge. The workers of
the world rapidly acquiring a knowledge of the source of their misery
develop a class haired which finds its
expression in the Revolutionary Soelal-
ls Movement. Thanks Mr. News.
F. G. S.
It Ib exceedingly important, that
strenuous attempts be made at all
street corner meetings, to sell literature. Propaganda meetings at which
literature is not sold are failures,
When the crowd is largest, then some
comrade ought to mount the rostrum
and give a strong ten minute talk on
books, a talk that has been prepared
beforehand. This talk should be calculated lo awaken Interest In Socialist
literature, stimulate people to read
along our lines, Inspire them to pursue the subject to Its farthest end, and
make thorn unloosen their purse-
strings to buy the pumphlets lhal are
being advertised at that particular
W. R. S.
Another Chicago professor nas made
a discovery. ■ They are making discoveries, these Chicago professors.
Having seemingly discovered all
things that are, they are now discovering many things that aren't. This
time It is discovered that the women
are at the bottom of all our troubles.
Through their Insane craving for luxuries, they drive their men folk to
grind the faces of the poor to compete
for jobs, to graft and steal. We were
sure they would be found out one of
these days.
Our masters are certainly a great
help to the Socialist propaganda. Just
when Organizer Gribble is in Cape
Breton attempting to educate the
slaves to their position and to the facf
that government ls but the instrument
of the master class, they are sending
troops to Glace Bay, with two machine
guns, "to quell the strikers." This is
certainly pointing the moral and adorning the tale to good purpose.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces ail wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to tbe capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore
master; the werker a slave.
So long as tbe capitalist class remains in possession ot the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights In the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tbe wage
system, under which 13 cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production  into eellectlve or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power ef government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Soalallst Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows: 1
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the  workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Soclallet Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party is for if, lt it will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed ln its hands ln such
a manner as to promote Hie interests of the working class alone.
50c per year
Two for a dollar
Six months 25c.
Published at Cowamville, P.Q.
neighbors,   send  for a bundle of
"Robatchyj Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a y,-ar
132 Stephen St Winnipeg, Man.
The works of Spencer, Inger-
soll, Huxley, Darwin, Blatchford,
Paine, Haeckel, Laing and other
great writers. By mail for 25 and
SO cents.    Send for catalogue to
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Price.'each    50c
To.Locals five for $2.00.   Apply to your
Provineial Secretary.
WANTED. Every Socialist and
Unionist to take Shares Brandon
Labor Temple Co. Capital $15,-
000 in $1.00 shares, payable in 4
monthly instalments. Write for
prospectus. E. Fuleher, Bex (173,
Brandon, Man.
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
Copvriohts Ac.
Anyono nemtliil? 11 did rh and description may
i.iilukly usci'iiiilii our »>|iintnii freo whether no
invr-tiltnii is (iiitlmlilr t':iiL'iilnlilo. Ci'irtmiiileii-
llnu«iirloti>MMiildiiiill«l, HJNDB00K on Patent!
si'iit troo. (ll'lost ncoiu'y fur seourllio pntenta.
I'litciiiH mlum thriniati .Vunn & Co. receive
tpeetal notice, ivii liout chitriro, in tlio
Scientific American.
A hnndsmnoiy HIiiRtralPd weekly. Lnreeit clr-
1'iilnf inti of iuiv ricient ill" journal. Terms, $3 a
voni". four months, 91. Sold by all newsdealers.
MUNN SCo.3616'-1-" New York
Ilrmmli omra. IBS V St. Wns'ilniituii. II. C.
WANTED—Minett to keep away
from  the  Nicola  Valley,   at the
strike it still on.
d. k. Mcdonald,
What to Raid on Socialism
ByCtiarlet u. Kerr, Kdltorof tun IntemaUoual
Socialist ltevlew. Kljbty beautifully printed
paeet, with many portraits ot socialist writers.
I Deludes a simple, concise statement of the principles of •oeiaflsm. One copy free on request,
10 mailed for 10c; 101 for 11.00; 1,000 for 110.00.
I S3 Klnite jtrggt, Chicago, III.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Stands for a Living Wage
Vancouver Local 357.
Ifllf you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi cost of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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