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Western Clarion Feb 12, 1909

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 nr7*%i* 526.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, May 8, 1909.
"^■ar* si.oo
SOCIALISM THE HOPE
OF THE WORLD
i
In your moments of relaxation, in cannot or will not move to ameliorate
those few hours when you are at liberty to ponder and think, have you
never wondered why or how it is
that the conditions under which you
live are in the main irksome and irritating. Has it not often occurred to
you that, work as you will, you cannot make enough to live as you know
you should. That your wife is not as
well dressed as you would have her.
That your children are not getting
the education and culture you know
is their birthright. That your home
(the place so dear to your heart) is
yet lacking in many essentials which
go to creating that proper environment,
without which life is hardly tolerable.
Are there not many, many articles of
comfort and elegance you have often
wished for, and wished for in vain,
knowing that the limitations of your
income absolutely forbid the purchasing of them. How many books, pictures, furnishings and the thousand
and one articles which go to make up
"the house beautiful" have you coveted, knowing them to be beyond your
wildest dreams?
This is hard, no doubt about it, but
there are those to whom the purchase
of the next meal or how to collect the
price of n night's, lodging are problems as hard to solve as the furnishing of your homo is to you. Open
your daily paper, and you will find
that the same irritating conditions pre
existing evils.
Since this is so, since you cannot
refute this plain statement, is it not
time you looked around for some saner, safer system of government than
the one we at present suffer under?
If this present horrible hurly-burly,
this murderous, rapacious exploitation
of the worker by the non-worker is
the fruit of generations of Liberal,
Conservative or Democratic rule, Is it
not time you sought out some method
of abolishing them? For this is an
undeniable fact, that it is the determination of the non-worker to exploit
the labor of the worker which is responsible for all the misery under
which mankind staggers today. It
matters not if the parasite be rich or
poor, if he does not create any wealth
he must, in order to keep alive, live
upon the labor of a fellow man. The
factory lords, the oil barons, and the
captains of industry are the exploiters
par excellence. The wealth they have
already niched enabling them to grind
the worker to produce his utmost in
their interests. The tramp, the hobo,
the convict, the hold-up man or
woman, the sneakthief must be kept
and are kept out of the toil of the
working  mass.
Politicians have in the past and will
in the future tinker with reform; we
have inebriate-homes, reformatories,
workhouses,    church    missions,    and
ILLEGAL ADVICE.
The man who desires to better his
condition deserves better things, but
the man who is contented deserves all
he's going to get.
* *   *
If you have not discovered it yet,
you have it to find out, that the class
war is no mere phrase but the sternest thing you've ever had to face.
* •   •
The capitalist class in England has
no doubt felt more securely settled
in the saddle, for did not Socialism
die a horrible death when the senate
of Oxford 'Varsity fired Professor
Hint of Ruskin College for refusing
to teach temperance instead of political economy (Socialism) ?
* *   •
Whatever is necessary for our well-
being is right, and vice versa.
* *   *
It is not intelligence that many men
iaek; it is principle, especially when
they have pinned their allegiance to
some hoary old institution. The last
thing in the world they want is the
truth.
Your only hope of absolution now is
There is no necessity for you    to I to get into this fight body and sleeves
work so hard, you chump shrdlunup jand scrap like three men.
such a thing as labor-saving machin-      Mac will furnish you  with a sub.
ery invented; all you've got to do is book upon application
to  use   your  vote  so  that  you   and
your own thinking, and study your
enemy and see where you can hit him
a kick.
* •   *
Wage-labor offers the working class
nothing but an ever-increasing measure of misery and degradation.
• •   •
The productivity of machinery is
ever increasing, labor-displacing devices are ever being introduced, the
"ancient" as well as "modern" nations are now using all the means
science and invention can give to
them for wealth production, but—the
world gets no bigger and jobs are
ever getting fewer. Think it over,
sleep on it.   Then think it over again.
* *   •
Get wise to it, and then put your
neighbors wise, so as to shorten as
much as possible the period of your
toil and poverty.
• *   •
You have sinned, sinned grievously,
against yourself, against your own
folk, old and young, and against ^our
fellow workers by voting L. or C. at
every election.
WHAT CAPITALISM HAS
DONE FOR THE WORKER
your class shall possess tho same.
After a year's earnest study of the
Western Clarion, the comrades in your
As long as you think as your bosses ! Local may pronounce you fit to stand
want you to, you'll think how digmV ,n l,ublic and hold forth from a soap-
fled is work! What a blessing is hard | "ox, and thus you will atone for your
work!! How sweet is a crust ot -past, and have the satisfaction of
bread to the honest son o' toil!!! I knowing you are following in the foot-
•   •   • steps of much better men.
Don't  be  a  mule  any  longer.    Do! THE  FO'C'S'LE  BARRISTER.
/ail  elsewhere,   that  there  is  abroad ("hither  in  the scale, railway  comm
a feeling of unrest and dissatisfaction
which in many places is causing serious riot and disturbance. It is pointed out to you that the bread lines in
our great cities continue to lengthen,
that the ranks of the unemployed are
swollen to amazing proportions; that
the tenement and slum quarters are
overcrowded to suffocation, and rotten with filth and disease. You read
that the dens of prostitution and vice,
the dives and gambling hells are multiplying with terrible rapidity; that
the food stuffs you are forced to buy
are adulterated with vicious dopes and
unwholesome embalming fluids, and
that they are put up under conditions
tabsolutely revolting. You are given
Ito understand that public .men are
daily prostituting their powers and
offices to the services of one or other
of the huge corporations which control the state. You know that the
government departments and finances
are battened upon by a horde of insatiable and voracious parasites whose
sole aim is to get rich quick, even if
they wreck the country in the process.
You are told that the mills and factories are closed down because there
is a glut of coal, Iron, of steel, of
flour, and ot textile goods. That the
warehouses and wharves are overflowing with manufactured wealth
which cannot be aold owing to the
lack ot foreign markets, yet, ln your
streets and upon your homesteads
men and women starve and die for
lack of a. little of this overplus. You
hear from every pulpit In Christendom priests and ministers expounding
the doctrine of the "Prince of Peace,"
yet the nations are engaged in a mad
race to outvie each other in the building ot battleships and the equipping
of mighty armies. Your periodicals
and magazines are forever publishing
articles whose authors stand aghast
at the amazing poverty of the workers, or weep with rage at the licentious revels of the ultra rich.
These utterly diabolical conditions
you know really exist despite the futile vaporlngs of pre-election orators,
and you know that they grow steadily worse instead of better. What
bave you as a citizen done to alter
these evil conditions?
You have no doubt voted ever since
you could use the franchise for one
or other ot the historic parties, Liberal or Conservative, Republican or
Democrat, or it may be you have given
your vote to some reform movement,
some people's party, or farmers' political league, and still, as I have said
before, economic conditions grow
steadily worse. The conclusion is then
Justifiable that the old parties either
sions, interstate commerce commissions, government wheat graders, inspectors of this and inspectors of that,
anti-trust laws, temperance laws, and
so on, but still conditions are getting
worse, laws are evaded, Inspectors
bribed, commissions defied, all in the
Interest of that modern juggernaut
whose name is profit. These reform
laws must fail in that they are unscientific in conception, clumsy in
operation and must be administered
by venial officials. They are efforts
to patch up the effect of capitalist exploitation while failing altogether to
reach the cause.
The foregoing is a gloomy picture,
but worse is to follow if capitalism
be not arrested * in its murderous
march. The world is face to face with
a terrible crisis, which, if not lightly
dealt with, must inevitably precipitate a dire calamity, a calamity so
vast and appalling, so far-reaching In
its effect as to plunge mankind into
barbaric conditions once more.
Believe me, this is no exaggeration,
no perverted dream of a disordered
mind; the times are full of signs and
portents. The storm cloudB are banking low and dark upon the horizon,
the air is charged with electric fluid
and the question of the hour is, how
soon will this terrible cyclone burst
upon us? How soon will mankind, the
worker on the one side and the hired
assassin of capitalism on the other,
be locked together in a death struggle? How soon will revolution, bloody
and terrible, break ln upon us?
There Is, however, one gleam of
light in the stygean darkness, one
beam of hope to which thinkers and
Workers look for salvation, and that
Is the adoption and application of
common sense economics, ln a word
the system evolved by the great Karl
Marx and preached throughout the
world by the International Socialist
Party. A system of economics whose
sole aim is the total elimination of
the practices of usury, of rent, of interest, and of profit; whose desire is
to give to the worker all the wealth
he shall produce or the equivalent
thereof, and whose ultimate aim 1b
the establishment of a co-operative
commonwealth where every man shall
toil, not that he may ln time be able
to live upon a fellow man, but that
he may be of the greatest use to the
community at large.
Will you not then spend a little of
your time ln enquiring into the way
and means by which such a happy condition may be realized? Study the
Socialist literature (you can obtain It
ln your own town for the asking), and
I am sure If you are amenable to rea-
HIS HOLINESS
AND THE LADIES
Thoughtful students of the politics
of the day will have observed that
His Holiness the Pope has made two
significant pronouncements. The first
about three months back bade all
Catholics to leave the Socialist movement. The second, quite recently, has
anathemized the woman's suffrage
movement. These pronouncements, of
course, are perfectly in harmony with
the policy of the churches, and in regard to the second item the following few facts may be of use to Clarion readers.
In the very earliest days of Christianity the question as to whether
woman was human or merely animal
was one that taxed the wits of argumentative theologians to their utmost
limit. We find, in the fourth century
a council of the church gravely debat
ing the question, "Ought women to be
called human beings." Although the
council eventually decided that they
were entitled to that privilege, we find
in the next century that they were,
in all Christian lands, placed in the
markets as articles for sale. This
deplorable condition of affairs lasted
until the tenth century. In that century Christian women gained a great
privilege, viz., the right to sit at the
same meal table as their husbands.
But the church, not satisfied with
thus humiliating our mothers' sex, acquiescing in the general structure of
feudalism, blessed, aided and abetted
and indulged ln the financial benefits
of the horrible law of Marchetta, Droit
de Seigneur, or Droit de    Jambage.
son and logic you cannot fail to admit the justice of its assertions; you
will be confounded by the knowledge
ot economic conditions possessed by
its teachers, and your heart will be
touched by the profound sympathy
and benevolence of its professors. In
conclusion, let me say that if you
will but join us, if you will add the
weight of your brains and prestige to
the movement, you will have done
your duty as a citizen to avert disaster and advance civilization. You
Will havesdone your all to provide a
better state of society for your children and their children, and what
more can you do? To slightly alter
St. Paul, "Greater love hath no man
than this, that he give the best he
hps for his fellow man."
ALFRED BUDDEN.
Battleford, Bask.
The writer has no hesitation in exposing lightly the details of this^hor-
rible and particularly Christian iaw.
The law of Marchetta, which was in
vogue throughout Christian feudalism
from 500 A.D. to 1550 A.D., provided
that the feudal lord had the right to
make any woman on his estate his
mistress for three days immediately
following her marriage. This was the
limit of ecclesiastical bestiality and
was the cause of many uprisings during the years of Its enforcement.
The law of Borough English by
which the youngest son became heir
to property took its inception from
the results of Marchetta, which naturally threw doubt upon the parentage
of the first born.
The clergy used Marchetta as a
means of extracting money from the
newly married man, as they, owning
this right, generously agreed to sell
it to the husband for a sum.
To Canadians it must be intensely
interesting to know that the edicts
of Marly transferred the law of Marchetta to Canada, when the French
were in complete possession of that
land.
Woman has then escaped from this
degraded position*, and as she climbed
each step of that long ladder the
church has attempted to fling her
back. This last pronouncement'Vif the
Pope is in perfect harmony with the
historical policy of the churches and
will Bpur on all true revolutionaries
to more ardent fight for the economic
enfranchisement of man, woman and
child, regardless of color or caste
F. M. T.
Speaking in Finsbury Park a few
Sundays ago, a member of the Anti-
Socialist Union boldly asserted that
the position of the worker today was
far better than it has been during the
last 500 years. The worker was in a
better social position and got a larger
share of the wealth produced.
When asked to substantiate his
statements by giving his authorities,
he, of course, failed to do bo. As a
matter of fact the contention that the
working class are better off under
modern capitalism than they have
been during the past five centuries is
disproved by history.
What was tht position of the laboring population during the middle
ages? In the twelfth century the
manorial system prevailed throughout
England. The manors, of which there
were altogether over 9,000, were com
posed of several hundred acres of
land. One part was held by the lord,
a part was divided amongst the other
inhabitants, while large tracts were
held as common land. The villeins,
who formed about 38 per cent, of the
population, each held some 30 acres of
arable land and a house In the village.
Next came the cottars or borders, who
formed 30 per cent, of the population,
each holding from 5 to 10 acres and
a cottage. Below these came the
slaves, who formed only 9 per cent,
of the population find disappeared entirely after the twelfth century to become cottars. In return for the cottage and land the cottars and villeins
rendered so many days' service to the
lord, but were left with plenty of time
to use at their own discretion. De
Gibbins says, in his "Industrial History of England," "It was from this
cottar class with plenty of time to
spare that a distinct wage-earning
class like our modern laborers arose
who lived almost entirely by wages."
After a time the labor rent was found
expensive and was finally commuted
for a money payment. Professor
Thorold Rogers tells us that a landless man at this time was considered
"an outlaw, a thief, one registered in
no manor."
After the "Black Death"—the great
plague of 1348 which swept away a
large portion of the laboring population—there was an attempt by the
lords to commute the money rent for
the old labor rent, owing to the rise
men, suddenly dragged from their
wonted mode of life, could not as suddenly adapt themselves to the discipline of their new conditions. They
were turned en masse into beggars.
robberB, vagabonds, partly from Inclination, in most cases from stress
of circumstances." Acts of Parliament
were then passed compelling the people to find employment at wages determined by law. An Act of Henry
VIll., 1530, says, "Beggars old and
unable to work receive a beggar'a
license. On the other hand, whipping;
and imprisonment for sturdy vagabonds. . For the second arrest for vagabondage the whipping Is
to be repeated with half an ear sliced
off; but for the third relapse the of-
fender is to be executed as a hardened criminal and a danger to the
common weal." As many as 7,000
were hanged for this offence during
the reign of Henry VIII., and about
600 during the reign of Elizabeth.
Although wages had risen considerably until the end of the fifteenth century, in spite of the Statute of Laborers, they began to fall again at the
beginning of the sixteenth century.
This was due chiefly to the depreciation in the value of the currency and
the consequent rise in prices. The
law relating to wages was still in force
and the justices in Quarter Session
never failed to use it in the interest
of their class. The cost of living now
rose enormously, while wages followed at a snail-like pace, and then never
in proportion to the rise in the cost
of the necessaries of life. By the
eighteenth century wages had fallen
so low that it was deemed necessary
to supplement them from the Poor
Law fund, and this dole from the parish often exceeded the amount paid
in wages. *
Speaking of the condition of the
laboring population during the middle
ages, i.e., up to the end of the fifteenth century, Professor Thorold
Rogers says, "they ate wheaten bread,
drank barley beer, and had plenty of
cheap though perhaps coarse meat.
Mutton and beef at a farthing a pound,
take   what multiple you  please  for
j the increase In prices, and twelve Is
a liberal one—were within the reach
' of far more people than they now are.
The grinding, hopeless poverty under
which  existence may be just contin-
V
In wages.   But. this attempt failed and j ued, but when nothing is won beyond
WHOM  THE CAP  FITS,
"A party having any regard for its
principles should surely look to it that
able men—those, therefore, most powerful for leading—should be straight,
even more than the ordinary rank
and file—and hence, if they go wrong,
should be the more inexorably expelled. A party that is worth its salt
can always afford to lose a man or two
without collapsing, but it cannot always afford to have a powerful leader
inside incessantly pulling the wrong
way. Here, again, we ask, is the object of the party to hold together for
the sake off office, emoluments, or
party tranquility, or for the sake of
Its avowed alms?"—"Factitious Unity," E. B. Bax.
culminated in the Peasants' Revolt.
In consequence of the scarcity of laborers after the plague, wages began
to rise. This brought into existence
the Statute of Laborers, which sought
to prohibit the laborer from receiving
and the employer from paying, higher wages than had been paid prior to
the plague. Both employer and employed were punished for infringing
the law. But ln spite of this Act,
wages rose 50, and even over 100 per
cent., while the cost of the necessaries of life remained almost stationary, or even fell, until at the ond of
the fifteenth century an agricultural
laborer could provision his family for
a whole twelvemonth with fifteen
weeks' work, and an artizan with ten
weeks.
Prior to the plague the landowner
was also a capitalistic farmer, but owing to the rise in wages and the fall In
profits, he gave up farming and let the
land to the tenants to till. This gave
rise to a large number of peasant
farmers or yeomen, but these disappeared during the eighteenth century,
giving way to tho more economical
methods of farming on a large scale
and the great enclosures made by the
landowners.
During the fifteenth century England had a monopoly of the wool
trade, and was therefore able to command a very high price for this product. The landowners, being unable
to profitably cultivate the soil, now
took to sheep-farming. Large tracts
of laud were enclosed for this purpose. Hundreds of families whose
forefathers ! id lived upon the land,
and whose inherent right to the land
had never been challenged, were now
turned off.   And, as Marx says, "these
bare existence, did not, I am convinced, characterize or even belong to
medieval life."
But a change had taken place in the
condition of the workers by the end
of the eighteenth century.
With the increase in the means of
production came the increase lu the
poverty and misery of the mass of.
the people. The invention of the
spinning jenny by Hargreaves, of the
water frame by Arkwrlght, the mule
by Compton, the power loom by Cart-
wright, and the steam engine by Watts
increased the productive power ot
labor to an extent previously undreamed of. And see the "reward
of genius" that fell to the lot ot
Compton: he died In 1827—In poverty! But these inventions enabled
the capitalists Jto heap up untold
wealth by forcing the hand loom
weavers—who were now reduced to a
terrible state of poverty—into the
mills in competition with their own
children. De Gibbins says, "It was
not until the wages of the workman
had been reduced to a starvation level
that they consented to their children
and their wives being employed in tho
mills. But the manufacturers wanted
labor by some means or other, and
they got it. They got it from the
workhouses. They sent for parish apprentices from all parts of England,
and pretended to apprentice them to
the new employments just Introduced.
The mill-owners systematically communicated with the overseers of the
poor, who arranged a day 'or >-
spection ot  pauper   chl!dr
chosen  by the  jmanufac'
then conveyed  in  wagi I
(Continued on P.
■*td
L THE   WESTERN   CLARION.   VANCOUVER.   BRITISH   COLUMBIA;
SATURDAY,  MAY 8th,  1909.
Is Western fas
Published every Saturday by the
Socialist Party oi Canada, at the Office
mt the western Clarion, Flack Block
Basement, l(i5 Eastings Street, Vaucou-
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THE  WESTERN   CLARION,
■ox 836. Vanconver, B. C
527
Watch the label on yotir paper. If this number 1* on it,
your aubacription expire* the
nest isaue.
SATURDAY,  MAY 8th,  1909.
OUR  HIGH  ETHICAL  IDEALS.
"There is a point, however, where
party members should properly interest themselves in a comrade's occupation. If a man is a proletarian and
a scab, he must be denied admission to
the Socialist Party should he apply for
it, and if already a member thereof he
must be expelled. Likewise, our party
cannot admit to membership a rack-
renting landlord, and should any capitalist member of our Party make war
on union labor we would be in duty
bound to compass his expulsion.
We are living in the midst of capitalism. We Socialists cannot be perfect. But we should have higher ethical ideals, and higher social standards, than our non-Socialist fellow-citizens."
The above gem, whose advent into
4>ur sanctum made that dank and dismal rat-hole ring with the silvery
laughter of the "Old Man" and all the
staff, was found in no less a document
than the official bulletin of the U. S.
Socialist Party, and is from the facile
typewriter of Ben Hanford. Otherwise it might be food for laughter
alone and not for reflection.
This recalls to our mind an incident
which is, no doubt, already recorded
In the annals of the history of the class
struggle in the industrial field. That
is, the occasion upon which we, together with a number of other obstinate mules, balked at the mouth of
the mine and refused to proceed any
further upon our way of toil until an
offending mule, who refused to be
branded with our union label, should
be unhitched and turned out to seek
fresh fields and pastures new. Our
just demand having been acceded to
by our mule-skinner, one of the adroit-
est that ever plied the lash, we proceeded rejoicing on our way to coin
ourperfectly superflous energy into
surplus value in the bowels of one of
the worst death traps in the country.
Our own yoke-fellow at Ibis time
was a particularly uncultured and stupid-appearing mule of the Finnish variety whose knowledge of English had.
till then, been chiefly manifested by
the infrequent utterance of only the
simplest cuss-words necessary to our
occupation. That day, however, while
we were reclining at ease on some
lumps of soft coal in a snug, damp
cross-cut, munching the appetizing
fodder contained ir our nose-bags,
•while waiting for the smoke of our
shots to thin out sufficiently so that
we could resume our labors without
actual asphyxiation, our fellow-mule,
like Balaam's Ass, spoke up and delivered us a lecture, the sum and substance of which was: "Don't soak
the scab, educate him. He's my
brother. I know it. He don't. I
teach him to know. Then we both
fight the bosses. When workers learn
this, they come together and we have
no more bosses, no more unions, no
imore scabs."
This Finn, of course, had not such
high ethical ideals as Comrade Hanford, but they look a bit better to us.
A man who is worth his salt will not
scab unless he has to, but lots of
them have to, and are even then more
worthy of admission to the Socialist
Party than those political heelers who
at election time deliberately sell
their class for something less than
thirty pieces of silver, and not a few
of them are stanch members of Comrade Hanford's own union, the
typos. At any rate, an industrial
scab is no worse than a political
scab, and most of us have been that
at one time or another.
Further, we must not admit to membership a "rack-renting landlord."
For the benefit of those whoso ethical
•sense is not keen enough to enable
them to recognize o. rack-renting landlord by the cut of his poop, would
Comrade Hanford kindly explain at
what point ln its giddy upward career
renting becomes rack-renting?
We were always under the impression that it was one of the rules of
the game for landlords to get as much
rent as possible, just as lt is for
typos to get as much wages as possible, and it would also seem logical
that a landlord who would be guilty
of undercutting his fellows in rents!
would be barred out of Hanford's So-
pialisl Party under the head of "scab."
Of course it is no very high "ethical
ideal" that inspires . Comrade Hanford's opposition to the 'scab being a
member of the Socialist Parly, but
rather the somewhat venial motive of
making a bid for trade union support,
a practice against which the Socialist
Party of Canada has wisely Bet its
face, and, we hope, will continue to
do so. Not that we are inspired with
ethical ideals so high that we would
not stoop to this form of political
trickery, but merely because it
"doesn't pay." Support for the Socialist Party is not to be won in that
manner, for the device is too transparent altogether, and when we thus
adopt the same tactics as the other
political parties, the worker is certainly to be excused for viewing us
with suspicion and branding us political  pot hunters.
The proof of which pudding is in the
eating. Whereas the Socialists of
the "British Columbia school" have in
the past been frequently censured by
their "friends" for their "hostility to
trade unions." and those of the Xew
York and Chicago schools have for
years been "conciliating the trade
unions," yet we have the endorsation
of the unions in British Columbia and
Alberta while they have not got it
in their stamping grounds. Which
would go to show that our "hostility"
has not scared the timid trade unions
very bad and that their conciliation
has failed lo snare them.
After all, there is but one policy
fit, or even expedient, for a Socialist.
Party worthy of the name, and that
is to tell the truth if it cracks the
sky.    Let us continue  doing it.
CATHOLICISM,     SOCIAL     REFORM
AND   SOCIALISM.
eeal the fact that you don't believe in I
the truth or the stories till after you
have   undermined  the  faith   of   your
For .I he  official   view  taken  of  So-1 victlin.
clalism by the Roman Catholic hie,-1    Here is ., man who Wfmta u,
THE GOLDEN   DELUGE.
Lord Rothschild, who is largely interested in the Rand mines and so
ought to know, has been telling the
French bankers that these mines will
in five years be yielding $250,000,000
annually in market values of gold.
The Rand mines, thanks to the
Rothschild-Boer war, the outcome of
which threw down the barriers to
cheaper labor and more efficient production, are run at a profit of 43 Vi
cents on the dollar. Under the spurring impetus of such a profit there is
every reason to believe that no effort
will be spared to Increase the annual
yield to the limit.
This enormous increase of gold
production in recent years, world-wide
as it is, is one of the most remarkable phenomena eff our times. All its
significance, however, does not seem
to have been appreciated. It is just
this increase in gold production that
has been responsible for the so-called
rising prices of the last few years.
So vast has been the increase in the
production of gold that it has more
than offset even the "labor-saving"
of modem machinery in the production of other commodities, and consequently they have appeared to rise
in value in comparison with gold.
Even after the panic of 1007 they
did not fall appreciably, owing to the
fact that, under monopolistic production, the price of most of them closely approximated their exchange
values, which is, after all, in the main
the most profitable price lo the capitalist class.
Previous to 1907 wages also "rose,"
but their rise was, on the average, 10
per cent., or more, less than the rise
in other prices. So that the worker
was actually worse off in the matter
of the things the wages would buy.
Since 1907, the increase in unemployment has been taken advantage of by
the employers to cut wages heavily,
notably in the cotton and steel industries.
The prices of most commodities,
other than labor-power, are now again
"picking up," and as, under the incentive of the vast profits to be
reaped therefrom, the promised increase in the production of gold is
bound to materialize, we may expect
to sec prices go soaring.
Wages have followed upward very
slowly ln the past, and in the future
they will follow more slowly still; for
unemployment has now become practically a world-wide phenomenon.
There is not a land under the domain
of capitalism In which the voice of
the unemployed is not now heard.
The unsettled and undeveloped regions have been developed practically
to the limit of profitableness, and this
vent through which a superabundance
of unemployed could be ejected has
become to a great extent clogged up.
So that the worker's sole means of
subsistence, his commodity labor-
power, will inevitably become more
and more a drug upon the market.
The outlook for the worker is, therefore, exceedingly black, but the eventual outlook for the capitalists is even
more unpromising. Time after time
society has been shaken to its foundations by Industrial crises due to an
overproduction of commodities. But
the impending crisis promises to shatter their edifice completely. The
great god Profit is driying his votaries
to their doom, to be overwhelmed in a
deluge of gold, a flood from which
there will be no escape but ln the Ark
of the Commonwealth.
arehy, we are indebted to the "Literary Digest," which 1ms published extracts from tbe Catholic papers on
(his question, from which We glean
the following, which hardly-need,comment nnd should be of Interest to
those who believe that social reform
is a "step In the right direction" and
those who think we have something
to gain by conciliating the church.
The "Catholic Fortnightly Review"
laments the growth of Socialism
among Catholics and asks: "What
are we doing to counteract?, PUSHING THE NEEDED SOCIAL REFORMS?"
The following from the "Catholic
Sun" is also significant:
We have no objection to the archbishop preferring Mr. Taft, of course.
It is natural he should, being a Republican, but we fear his incessant
defending of 'property' and 'vested
rights' and all that sort of thing,
which Mr. Bryan certainly is not attacking, is just a trifle unnecessary at
this juncture. The archbishop himself has admitted that the approaching peril is Socialism, and this being
true he is unconsciously making the
path of the church in this country a
very hard one by perpetually standing
up as an advocate of property rights
in an hour which finds more than one
hundred Socialist dailies and weeklies
declaring that the Catholic church is
the deliberate, friend of capital and
capitalists and the foe of labor and
common humanity. The Saturday utterances of the archbishop, if correctly quoted, are scarcely of a character
to inspire American toilers with a
pronounced love for the church. His
words would actually seem to prove
the Socialists' assertion."	
Roosevelt is reported to have killed
three lions already and his son Kermit
one. Deponent sayeth not as to
whether this occurred in Africa or.
like his famous San Juan Hill charge,
in the Press.
Sad to relate there is a lamentable
dearth of news this week. No Socialists have been reported to have committed murder, suicide, rape, arson or
even theft. No divorces among our
prominent members. None of them
have broke the bank at Monte Carlo.
None of them have even had an automobile tire busted on them. Not one
of our debutantes has been presented
at Court recently, as the Royal Family is at' Cannes, or somewhere, rest-1
ing. We hope they will do better next
week.
God's   kingdom,  on earth,  advocating
dissimulation  and deceit in  order to J
bring it about, for he asks the Infidels to I
keep dark their real belief and under-1
mine  the   faith    of tlie    orthodox  its
above.    Also, I have found that when
you start to quote from the Bible evidence in support of Socialism, plenty
of evidence is forthcoming from  the I
same   contradictory  source   to   refute
that   put   forward    by  the   would-be
teacher.
Anyway. I agree It is a subject best
left alone when propounding Socialism, as it tends to obscure the only
issue before us to-day. But I cannot
allow a letter like Comrade French's
to go by without a protest at the selfish way in which many religiously inclined men approach this matter.
Hoping to be allowed the privilege
of these lines appearing in print, I am,
Yours in revolt,
F. S.  F.
r
I
L
Socialist Directory    1
fjjy^Lvrry Local of the Socialist Party oi j
Canada shcuM run a card tinder tins head i
SI.on per month.     Secretaries please note.       '
DOMINION EXECUTIVE  COMMITTEE,
Socialist Party of Canada, Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
    __>"
LOCAL  EBVELSTOKE,  B.  C, HO. 7,  S.j
p. of c. Propairanua ami buslnossi
meetings nt 8 p. m., the fourth Thurs-1
day of each month in lodge room over!
eld post onice, near opera huu*e. Ev-I
erybody welcome. B, !•'. Gaynian, I
Secretary; \V. \V. Lefeaux, Organizer.'!
PROSPERITY  FOR   PATTEN.
AS  TO  CHRISTIANITY.
Dear Comrade Editor:
I have just read with interest the
letter from Com. French, and I am
moved to take up the cudgels on behalf of the erring comrades who are
so wofully lacking in tact, as to tread
on the pet corns of some of our religious friends.
Editor Clarion,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrade,—Enclosed please
find  $1.00  for  sub. to Clarion.
As high prices Is an infallible sign
of good times, we should all now rejoice and he exceeding glad. That
much respected and indispensible acquisition to modern business methods,
the stock dealer, though a considerable longitudinal distance from here,
has nevertheless shed his benign influence upon us nnd put down our
bread from 10 to 12 loaves for $1.00,
and thus once more practically exemplified our splendid system of competition and profit,-which "affords an opportunity for the best talent in the individual." Had it not been for this
splendid chance, Broker Patten might
have slipped through the world in ordinary blue denims, a common producer of useful things, unknown to
fame and undistinguished from the
thousands of similarly clad jays, just
now demonstrating their "identity of
interests" with his ln handing to him,
to make up his millions of profits, 2uc
with every dollar they invest in bread.
How many such illustrations will it
take to convince the man who, for a
certain number of hours' work, received 16 loaves, and who now for a
similar number of hours' toil gets but
12 loaves, that it is he who is paying
for Patten's deal (steal) at the point
of production? Patten has not produced a single grain of wheat, but by
simply withholding (in business called
la "corner") the abundance on hand,
collects from those who did produce
it and all other useful commodities, a
tribute because of their sheer necessity of obtaining the "staff of life."
But Patten did not even institute this
system (?). whereby he waxes fat
from the lean of others, but is only
j playing the game placed at his disposal by the very class he collects
1 from.
There are thousands of Pattens
Tally plying their trade in every town.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Cunudn. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836. Vancouver, B. c.
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box 270, Calgary, Alta.
MANITOBA      PROVINCIAL      EXBCU-
tlve Committee. Meets tlrst and third
Mondays of every month. Jubilee Hall
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement
Secretary, H. W, James, 326 Hargrave St
Winnipeg,  Man,
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., NO. 4, S. P.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postotnee). Club
and Heading Room, McTavlsh Block.
J|Si7 Second St. E. epposite Imperial Ho.el.
M. Hyatt, Secy.; I- Hyatt, Organ-
zer,   Box   270,   Calgary    Alta. •
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_ , city  and   side  road,  dealing  in   hats,
For my part, I fail to see any reason '   , „ .        ,     ,      ,     , ,  ,
__    . ...... ; clothing,   boots,   lumber,   advice,   ser
mons, real estate, etc., etc., and as long
as the buyers of bread, boots, etc., etc..
are willing and contented to continue
^_ , the  svstem  of  profit   (something  for
personal  opinion   that  the  man  who,     ...    .       ,
. ; ,,.._.._ ,    .,    Inothing),   why   should   there   not   be
as many Pattens as the aforesaid producers and buyers of bread, boots, etc.,
are willing to support?  But to change
for the Clarion or any of our atheis
comrades being so careful of these pet
prejudices of the more backward Socialists.   I say backward, as It is my
has lost religion In its entirety is the
more advanced and revolutionary Socialist.
These comrades who protest so vigorously, when they are touched at all,
never seem to think that there Is another side to this question. For instance, when a Socialist gets on his
feet, and propounds Socialism as God's
kingdom come on earth, or the practical application of Christ's teachings,
etc., when he knows nothing of either,
he generally considers that his subject is sacred, and infidels who may
be far more scientific are warned to
keep hands off or it would hurt the
movement if the outsiders saw any
strife.
For surpassing gall a recent utter
our present methods, and supply
bread, boots, etc., for use instead of
for profits, would be REVOLUTION!
Vet, listen:
Spring is here and nature is working a revolution, a change from the
influences of the blasting frosts of
frigid winter to the genial warmth of
April's welcome sun, and Instead of
contention, jealousy nnd discord, there
is singing, gladness and harmony
among the birds, the branches and the
flowers. .
Man looks, longs and labors for a
change from the blighting effects of
ance of Rev. R. J. Campbell, is worthy i ma" s wolfl"h competitive Inhumanity
of notice. He sand. "He and his fel-! ° man' amt lo! ll,s fellow frowns u"ou
low Christians were not going out of I hlm as an enemy t0 "Vmankind, a dls-
poller of family nfilliatlons, an agitator, a disturber of the peace, when
there is no peace.
AGITATOR.
THE   8.   P.  OF  C.  BUTTON.
the party, it was the materialists who
who would have to go out." Is not
that like the command of his Master
"to love your enemies and do good to
those that hate you"?
Then, again, the organ of the Christian Socialists often attacks the atheists in the movement, all of which
goes to show the tolerance of these
Christian comrades.
They never stop and think that we
infidels   have  as  much  right  to  our
opinion and as much right to air them
on platform or ln press, as these other     The Dominion Executive Is now In
comrades have. a position to supply party buttons to
Coming nearer home, I find in Com-, those requiring same. A specially de-
rades French's letter, that he thinks signed button, with the party emblem
the publication of such articles as on it,, consisting of a red flag on a
"Balaam and His Ass" is a mistake, white field, with lettering in gold, has
Why? Can't a moral be drawn from I been provided. It is a very handsome
any fable, whether In the Bible or any \ one and will compare favorably with
other book of riddles? | any   fraternal   emblem   worn.     The
Further on he says: "If the Bible Is price is fifty cents each. Locals can
a farce, why quote It at all," etc. Then i obtain them at a special rate of five
later: "It would be better to show | for $2,00, which will allow them to re-
these people from the Bible, that what j tail to their members at a figure which
we are striving for, was the theme will serve to help their funds. Ad-
of the prophets, etc., and break down dress orders to the Dominion secre-
thelr prejudice that way."   Yes, con- tary.
ONTARIO   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee. Meets In Finnish Hall, 2H
Adelaide St.. Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,. W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto:
P. C. Young, Secretary, 139Vb Bleecker
street, Toronto.
LOCAL  VANCOUVER, NO.  1, S.  P. OF
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
lldgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F. Perry. Secretary, Box S30.
LOCAL  VICTORIA, NO. 3, S. P.  OV C.
Headquarters and Heading Room,
Room 1. Eagle Building, 13111 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.
YV. G. McCluslcey, Secretary, Box 770.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO. 3,  B.  P.  of  C,
meets livery alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
nt 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at S:00 o'clock
Jack  Place,   Rao.  Secy..   Box   820.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting first Sunday in each
mouth, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec,  Box 164.
LOCAL GREENWOOD NO. 9, B. P. OF
C, meets every Sunday ln Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
Tern.
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 0. P. OF
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
ln Timtnlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOCAL LADYSMITH NO. 10, B.  P. OF
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave.
Parker Williams, Secy., Coburn Siding.
B. C.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, No. 25, B. P. OP C,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland . Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall. Sundays at
7:30 p. m, A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
765 Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL   POST   MOODY,  B.   C,   NO.   41.
S. P. of C.—Business meetings first
Sunday in each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
LOCAL  NELSON,  B.  P.  OF  C,  MEETS j
every Friday evening at S p.m.. lnf
.Miners' Hall. Nelson, B. C. Frunkl
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL PHOENIX,  NO.  8,  S. P.  OF C,'
meets every Sunday nt S:30 p.m., in
Miners' Hall. James Carson, Organizer; John Appleby, Secy.
LOCAL BELLEVUB, ALTA., NO. 13, »■
P of C., meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night in the
Miners' Hull and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  NO.  1, S.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m., in Trades and Labor Hall,
Fourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 101 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrle,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
LOCAL HILLCREST, ALTA., NO. 15, S.
P. of C, meets every Sunday after
Union meeting in Union Hall, Hlllerest
ilines, Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt.; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
LOCAL WINNIPEG, S. P. OF C. HEAD-
quarters Jubilee Hall, cor. King and
Alexander. Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. \V. Cummings, Organizer.
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, r.|S Victor
street.
LOCAL  TORONTO,  S.  P.  OF  O BNO-
Ilsli Branch. Propaganda meetings
held every Sunday 3 p. m., Labor
Temple Auditorium. Business meetings lU'st nnd third Wednesdays of
eneh month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
.Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic clusses meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St. and
619 Crawford St. Woman's Study
Club every Monday night at 642 Gladstone Ave. Choir practices every second Thursday: enquiries to C. Bishop,
379 Church St. Speakers supplied on
shortest notice to Ontario Locals. Corresponding Secretary, R. Stroud, 61»
Crawford St.
LOCAL  OTTAWA NO.  8,  B.  P.  OP  C,
BUSINESS MEETINO 1st Sunday ln
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 78 Rldean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:15 p.m.
Kconomlc class, .Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
at 379 Wellington St. Charles Lestor,
Organizer.
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Bron-
son Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   NO.   9,   B.   P.   OF   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. in Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   S, I
P. of a—Meets in Labor Hall. St.
Dominique street. Sundays nt 3 p. m.
M.   Wnyman,   Secretary,   175   Quesnel
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Columbia
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sandon
DISTRICT  ASSOCIATION   NO. 6.
President
Vice-President
Secretary-Treasurer
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland.
Titos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Name
Melting
Night
Ste'y.
P.O.
Box
Add.
126
194
is n
itil
on
100
1111,
227
71
96|
SI'
3S
81
95
62
113
10,
|Atlln"  ,...77r.
Camborne
iGrand  Forks..
{Greenwood   ...
Hedley   	
Kaslo   	
Kimberly
.Lardeau   	
Marytjville
M. & S
Moyie   	
.Nelson ....
(Phoenix ....
.Rossland ..
Sandon ....
Sllverton   ...
Slocan   	
Texada ....
l.Trall M & M
Wed
,\Ved
ISat
Wed
Sat
Sat
ISat
U
86|Ymir
Sat
Sat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
. JMon
I Wed
 C. Galrns	
Wm. WInslow James Tobln 	
Patrick O'Connor F. L. Crosson	
Charles  Biree Geo.   Heatlierton..
C. Bennett T.   H.   Hotherham,
Mike McAmlrews.. H. T. Rainbow	
Jot; Armstrong A. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
... .IDiscovery
12|Camborno
_M (Grand   Forksl
B. Lundln   	
Malcolm  McNeill..
Paul   Phillips	
H.   Sllverthorn	
J. A. McKinnon...
L. R.  Mclnnls	
Robert Mslroy....
Blair Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh.,.
Win. Hrsketh	
A. Ilurgess	
J.  Hays   	
James Roberts	
F. Phillips	
W. A. Plckard...
Geo.Casey	
A.  Shilland	
Fred Llebscher..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.  B.  Mclsaac
121
42
391
!01
35
106,
294
421
K]
S5[
90
888
377
506
Greenwood
Hedley
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Marysvllle
Moyie
Nelson
Phoenix
Rossland
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
Van Anda
Trail
Ymlr
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Jos   tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkna kohta.
"TyoRansa"
Box 197, Port Arthur, Onl.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan,
Makiaa alnooiiun, $1.50 vuotlkerta
"Vikileuka" Makiaa, $1.25
ATENTS
We solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of liaviug their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminaryadvice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York I,ife Bids;,
Montreal: nud Washtogton, D.C, U.S.A.
c. peters *g*j*
Hand-Made Boots and  Shoes to order In
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
2456 Weitmimter Ave.
Subscribe for the Clarion
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'Clock
Speaker:
Com. GRUNDY
oi Portland
Cameraphone Theatre
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C. SATURDAY,  MAY 8th,  1909.
THE   WESTERN   CLARION.   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  836, Vancouver, B. C.
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES.
Locals may obtain supplies from
their Provincial Executives at the following prices:
Charters, each   $5.00
Constitutions, each  20
Dues stamps, each  10
Membership cards, each 01
Platform and application blanks,
per 100  26
Platform and application blanks,
(Finnish) per 100 50
Platform and application blanks
(Ukrainian) per 100 B0
Constitution in Finnish, per doz..    .50
•Receipt books, each  $0.25
Warrant books, each 25
A FABIAN  REPLIES.
SECRETARIAL.
The Dominion and B. C. Provincial
Executive meets Monday, May 10, 8
j). m.
• * •
The attention of Alberta Locals is
-called to Comrade Browning's protest
against their present laxity. It might
do tile members of Locals in other provinces no great harm to read Comrade
Brownings eomnmnicutioa. The members should not forget th«t the time
to win elections is between elections
and not just before them. Short, hurrah campaigns may very well serve
the purposes of the old parties, but
the right time for Socialist campaign
work is all the time.   Buck up.
• •
Organizer O'Brien has at length, after his many recounts, of which the
last reduced his majority by two votes,
succeeded in reaching Saskatchewan.
At last accounts he was hitting up all
points within reach of North Battle-
ford In spite of snow and 'wintry
weather.
• • >
Organizer Harrington will shortly
proceed to Okanagan and Simllka-
meen where the comrades are fully
alive to the necessity of having an
organizer and are evidently preparing
to use him without mercy.
• *   *
Organizer Cribble has started for
the Maritime Provinces, taking such
Ontario points as lie In his way. The
Maritime comrades are urged to give
him all the assistance in their power.
• • •
Comrade Lestor Is now headed
West. British Columbia Locals are
recommended to make a date for him.
To catch him, drop a line to him care
ot A. J. Browning. Box 270, Calgary.
Dear Sir,—
Your Toronto correspondent: refers,
in his characteristic style, to the recently found Fabian society. As
there may be a few of your readers
not sufficiently acquainted with the
work of the English Fabian Society
to adequately discount Mr. Lyon's allusion, I trust you will allow tne to
put forward a few words in reply.
Not being sure of his definition of
an "economic organization," I will
state that our special work is research, and the diffusion of the results
of that research pointed with the Socialist moral. But a full statement of
the aims and forms of work can he
obtained from the secretary.
So far from being in any degree the
"superior persons" suggested by Mr.
Lyons, the great majority of us are
as plebian as himself. Our society is
open to anyone who accepts the Socialist ideal; the dues are optional,
and from those who are unable to contribute, nothing jWlll be expected.
ir the Toronto English Local had
but extended to us the courtesy of a
friendly chat as to our proposed
sphere of action, they would probably
have saved themselves from the anomalous, if not somewhat ludicrous, posi-
tion of precipitately excommunicating
(presumably in the name of liberty)
those of its members who lent their
support to a Socialist organization
whose work Is valued, and gladly
utilized, throughout the International
movement.
The work of the Fabian Society is
especially that of the Sappers, the
Engineers, the Service Corps, of the
Socialist army. In the sense that we
do not constitute another political
party we are not a directly political
body, whether we are an economic organization I will have your Toronto
correspondent, and your readers to de
termlne.
Yours fraternally,
L. INCONNU.
LESTOR  ON THE WAY.
Dear Comrades,—
Since leaving Toronto I have addressed meetings at Cobalt and Port
Arthur. The Cobalt comrades are a
flue bunch. Tonight we speak at West
Fort William. 1 had the pleasure of
meeting Comrade Desmond here at
Port Arthur. 1 have often heard ot
him in England. He is every Inch a
man. On Monday I expect to be in
Winnipeg.
The comrades would be elevated beyond measure had they had our experience. The movement is growing
at an alarming rate. Everything
points to a stampede Into the Socialist camp in the near future. The situation demands that we should "hew
to the line." No "palliation" must be
more than ever our watchword. The
capitalist class will palliate their own
damnable system long enough. We
ask for no half loaves. We are uniting to take the bakery.
Yours in revolt,
LESTOR.
NORTH     BATTLEFORD    LIKES
O'BRIEN.
Editor Western Clarion:
Comrade O'Brien spoke here on
April 26th to the largest political audience ever gathered in this town.
Judging by the calls for literature his
speech created a good impression and
the people are demanding him back
for a second meeting, Monday, May
3rd. No greater compliment can be
payed an organizer.
He is away now fulfilling pre-arranged dates at schoolhouses within
a radius of twenty miles. The good
work he is doing so well will be followed up by further effort, and all
speakers within reasonable distance
should give North Battleford a date.
Will Comrades Pettipiece, Lestor and
wife, and others, please take notice.
Fraternally yours,
HORACE   COLLINGWOOD,
RUSKIN   COLLEGE   STUDENTS
STRIKE.
ALBERTA   EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE.
Meeting held April 27th.
Present—I.awson, Howell, Hyatt,
tulkner and Browning.
Communications denlt with from
ther Creek. Macleod, Claresholm.
Imore, and Eckville re proposed
or tour.
^solved,  that  the  convention   as-
Iment be placed in the bank as a
flings account in the name of this
committee.
Receipts.
Blairmore  $ 2.00
Calgary    10.00
Eckville    10.00
$22.60
Expenses-
Dominion Executive  $3.00
A. J. BROWNING,
Secretary.
Box 270, Calgary.
How do you like working as hard
as you do, Mr. Farmer, and then having to swap dollars for fifty cents.
READ
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BOUQUET   FOR   HARRINGTON.
Editor Clarion,—
Things are progressing nicely in
this district from the viewpoint of
the Socialist Party. We are holding
business and propaganda meetings
twice a month and are gradually adding to our membership,
About a week ago we hail the good
fortune to have Comrade Harrington
with us. lie spoke before the \V. F.
M. Local ami on the following Tuesday addressed a public meeting in
the Miners' Union hall. After listening to Comrade Harrington the Local
comrades are pleased with the selection the party has made for provincial organizer. That Jack is familiar
with the economic and historic facts
which underlie the Socialist philosophy is evident to those who have had
the pleasure of hearing him sneak.
You will hear from us Inter, Comrade  Editor,  as  we  propose to  push
the Clarion circulation in this district.
Yours for the cause,
JOHN   APPLEBY.
Phoenix, B. C.
WON'T   LET  'EM  SLEEP.
Editor Clarion,—
Now the Alberta elections are over,
it seems that most of the Locals have
gone out of business. A month ago
I sent letters to the Locals toward
arranging a tour for Comrade Lestor.
Out of some twenty-odd Locals written to, there are only three who have
responded to say they can accommodate him. Five have written to say
they can't. The others have said
nothing.
Right here I wan't t° say the Alberta Executive can't do business this
way. 'When the elections are on there
Is a plaint for speakers, but if a good
speaker comes along when there is
no election and the executive tries to
arrange a tour for him, we get treated to a very chilly reception.
Now, comrades, what are you going
to do about it? We are trying to do
our share, but what are you doing? We
don't do all this work because there Is
any fun In it, so come along and let
us hear from you.
Don't forget the 25c convention assessment; this was due March 31st,
so send it along.
A. J. BROWNING.
WHERE THE CARRION IS.
Iron Industry Invited
to locate ln Lambertvllle, New Jersey,
on the Delaware River.   Railroad and
water connections, Free land and sidings and  sufficient financial    Inducement given right concern.   ,Owing to
peculiar  conditions  hundreds  of  the
best mechanics  and  apprentices  can
be had at the start.
No    Such    Labor    Proposition    Ever
Offered.
Lambertville-Business League
The precipitating circumstance of
the strike was the announcement
made to the assembled students on
Friday last in hall by Mr. Dennis Hird,
M.A., who has been principal of the
college throughout the ten years of
its existence, that his resignation had
been demanded by the governing body.'
The reason alleged for Mr. Hird's
removal, the students declare, is failure to maintain discipline in college.
But this, they add, is a ridiculous pretence. The real reason is the desire
of the university element on the council to bring about the destruction by
process of "Oxfordization," of the
value of the college is a centre of the
Labor movement. Oxford wants to
use rtusltin College in order to capture for the middle classes the young
lions of the Labor movement. The
plan is to substitute for sociology and
logic such bourgeois subjects as grammar and temperance, Mr. Hird stands
in the way of that intention; therefore
Mr. Hird is to be victimized.
PREFERS THE GRIND.
D. G. McKenzie, Esq.,
Vancouver, B.  C.
Dear Comrade,—
Will you allow a member of the
S. P. of C, who has been banished
from the "Empire on which the sun
never sets" to the "land of the free,"
• y the banking capitalists of New
Brunswick, to give you hl^ opinion
en the publishing of the CboJ-lon?
Having just read Comrade H. N.
McDonald's short communication in
your issue of April 17th, I wish to
state that at least one of your readers
likes the Clarion as it is. likes "the
stuff that cuts no ice," and likes the
"weekly grind of essays, on economics, etc."
This is the season of the year when
workingmen cannot afford to get ice
to cut, and if they wish to learn the
reason why, they must go to a paper
which teaches economics, and not one
which merely informs us that the
number of votes cast by a Socialist
candidate in a certain ward, in a certain city, in a certain province, has
increased from thirty-one to forty-
two. We know now that Socialist
sentiment is growing, most of us think
we know why, but very few of us
know the whole reason.
It is certainly pleasant to turn from
the New York Call, or Milwaukee
Social-Democratic Herald to a paper
which gives us not only amusement
and entertainment, but education,
which is of much more importance to
us all. As an educational force, the
value of the Clarion cannot be estimated. It has built up and educated
the most revolutionary body of class-
conscious workingmen in the world,
and it has not stopped the good work.
"The weekly grind of economics"
comes as a welcome relief to the
frivolous matter in most of Socialist
as well as capitalist newspapers and
magazines. "The weekly grind of
economics" furnishes a subject for
one evening's study as the other
newspapers furnish subjects for an
evening's recreation.
Therefore I move as an amendment
to Comrade McDonald's motion, that
"the weekly grind of economics" be
continued till its work is accomplished, and till the co-operative commonwealth is ushered in.
Yours in the revolution,
CLARENCE V. HOAR.
A BOUQUET FROM  BRANTFORD.
CLARION  FINANCIAL STATEMENT
RE "WHAT ABOUT  IT?"
Dear Comrade Editor,—
1 have heard a few complaints lately about there being too much news
in the Clarion, namely, the reports
of our comrades in the British Columbia legislature, and now there is a
complaint from Comrade H. M. McDonald of Toronto of there not being
enough news. Who this comrade is
I don't know, unless he is one of that
name who perfunctorily attended
some economic classes we held here
a few years ago, I do not know of any
one of the name of McDonald who Is
a member of Toronto Local and I am
quite sure there Is no one of that
name active In Its work unless he has
become so since I left Toronto three
days ago. But It is ever thus, those
who do little or nothing to help run
tho paper are the first to complain of
Its conduct.
If "Comrade" McDonald will help
as I suggested last week to make the
Clarion an eight-page paper, we will
have room for both "economic essays" and news; what about lt, comrade? As for "rising to protest," there
is plenty of scope for the comrade to
rise in protest against capitalism
with the active members of Toronto
Local. I would sooner see the Comrade anxious to make Socialist news
In the city In which he lives, than
displaying anylety to get news from
other lands while he is making none
himself as an actlvo parly member.
*If Comrade McDonald's "plenty of
Socialist text-books," etc., doesn't
stir him up to use the knowledge he
has presumably acquired from their
study, he and those like him want a
paper like the Clarion to stir them up.
If anyone's "Socialism" consists of a
mere curiosity for news of the movement, lt is not worth while to study
them. I feel I speak safely for the
active members of my branch of Toronto Local when I say they want the
Clarion continued on the lines It has
been run ln the past. For myself I
say, at any rate, "Keep her just so."
Yours In revolt,
WILFRID GRIBBLE.
(April 1st to May 1st, 1909.)
Expenditures.
Printing   (5   issues) $226.00
.Mailing       10.55
Office supplies          3.25
Binding and expressing annuals   32.45
Total expenditures    $272.25
Receipts.
Subs    S1S7.15
Cards        51.50
Total   receipts    323S.65
Deficit       33.00
5272.25
33   LIES
From the Outlook Article by Theodore
Roosevelt  Against Socialism.
These will be answered by Robert
La .Monte In the May International Socialist Review, in a way that will satisfy every man of common sense as
well as every student.
"The Ornament of Big Nose" is the
title given by Mary E. Marcy to the
second of her stories of the cave people. These stories are admirably
adapted to show young people the
necessary connection between the
mode of production and people's
habits and ideas. Manuel Sarabia
tells in the May Review how he escaped the clutches of the bloody Diaz,
while Arthur Scales, In an article, entitled "The American Inferno," tells
what happens lo free-born American
citizens when they happen to be
workingmen without money and to
fall Into the hands of "our" police.
John Murray's third instalment on
the "Mexican Political Prisoners" is
the best of the three, and drives another nail through the mask behind
which Diaz is seeking to hide his
atrocities in the United States. No
capitalist paper has yet dared tell the
truth about this butcher of the south
—too much American capital Is invested in Mexico. Hut John Murray's
array of facts and his relentless logic
are shedding a flood of light upon the
career of this man with "thirty thousand executions to his account." W.
B. Rubin, one of the foremost lawyers
In Wisconsin, who has long fought
and won the batlles of the union man
ln and around Milwaukee, contributes
an article that will Interest everybody. It's a little side" light on economic determinism (without the big
words). May Deals-Iloffpauir contributes a vivid, realistic story, and
Prof. Thomas C. Hall writes of "Historical Christianity and Socialism," iu
his usual charming Btyle, The leading
editorial Is on the "General Strike In
France," and What w
it.
Price. 10 cents.   C
Co., Chicago.
can learn from
mles H. Kerr &
One of the most cheering facts in
the present situation to the Socialist,
is the way in which the ruling class,
With their henchmen and lickspittles,
are revealing their enmity to the organized Socialist movement. They
are unmasking themselves with a
vengeance, and the Socialist movement is made happy thereby, for, as
the ruling class and their attendant
flunkeys grow more open ln defending their class interests, the easier lt
is to get the workers to recognize
theirs. One phase of this can be observed right here in Brantford now.
As we are all aware, the greatest
bulwark of capitalist legalized robbery is the ignorance of the working
class. The workers produce all
wealth—that is evident—but this is
where our rulers come In and say
that the workers who produce all
wealth shall have—what do you
think? Why, they actually propose
to let you have enough of your produce to live on, and they tell you that
you've got to be mighty thankful to
get that. If you don't believe me,
use your brains and And out for yourselves.
Now, here comes the Socialist on
the scene. He tells you that as you
produce all wealth you should enjoy
all wealth. Moreover, he tells you
how it can be done and the way to
do it. Read, mark and inwardly digest Constitution and Platform of Socialist Party of Canada!
Naturally the ruling class don't relish this interference with their power
to rob and plunder the workers. That
power Is based on their ownership of
the things needed for the social well-
being of the community. That ownership is based on the Ignorance of
the working class. Don't take my
word for it, but find out for yourselves. If the workers had as much
sense as a ground hog they would not
be content with 23 per cent, of their
products, as they are getting now.
But this is not the point.
The old slaveholders in the day of
chattel slavery ln the Southern States
passed very stringent laws against
anyone educating their slaves. We
think that we have advanced a whole
lot ahead of this, but have we? Let
us see.
In Brantford, our chief means of
educating the wage slaves to their
position In society Is through the Socialist press. It is most wonderful to
notice the interest that the representatives of the capitalist classes,
who run the post office here, show In
the Western Clarion and the rest of
the Socialist publication. Brantford
Local failed to receive its bundle of
25 copies of the Clarion on four occasions in less than three months. The
publishers said they sent them, but
the P. O. officials could never deliver them. Other comrades complained
about not receiving their copies. I
myself went around with my "kick."
I stated my case to an assistant
clerk at the wicket, he in turn went
over to where a baldheaded gentleman of uncertain age was propped up
in a place of honor on a high stool in
front of a most imposing pile of letters, papers, documents, etc. The
shiny-pated one turned out to be a
most sauve, not to say oily disposition. This Is what I heard him say;
"Doesn't get his paper! Dear me.
What paper does he say it is? Is it
the Appeal to Reason?" I volunteered
the Information that it was the little old Clarion that I was kicking
about. "Oh, yes, to be sure!" purred
the greasy-mannered one, stroking his
hands together. "But you must remember that Vancouver is a very long
way off. It may he a day or two late,
don't yer know!" I reminded him
that my paper had gone astray; also
that the rest of the subscribers had
got their copies so that mine would be
with them In the bundle. The official
became Intensely interested In the
Western Clarion. "Did any of the
other subscribers miss their papers?
How many of them came to Brantford? How did I know about the
other subscribers getting their papers?" and so on, and so on.
Anyhow, he promised to "look Intf/'
the matter; he would speak to the
letter carriers—who are mainly appointed because of political pull, ward
politicians, parish-pump statesmen
and old retired retainers of the ruling Class, who can no longer make
profit out of their hide in the factories and shops. Thus endeth the
first act. i
Act II occurred a few weeks later;
same old program ofe: Vancouver
was still a long way off. He would
"look into" the matter once again.
Curtain on act II.
Act III opened last week, same old
circus. Vancouver Is still as far off
as ever. The oily person would again
condescend to speak to the letter carriers. Bye-the-bye, one of the same
letter carriers took such Interest in
the Clarion some time ago that he
kept lt back two and three days to
study Its contents, then having enlightened himself, took lt around to
Its destination with the remark that
"anyone who reads that sort of thing
must be bard up for something to
read!"
tXere and Tfow
By •'LEEDS"
Comrades, you all want, a Party button; you all wain the workers to vote
themselves into power as soon as possible and you all want the Clarion to
prosper. By rustling $5.00 worth ot
subs, for the Clarion you will show
how much you want these things and
that you are willing to help.
• •   •
Comrade George Nickels, of Vancouver, remembers May Day with a contribution of $5.00 to the Clarion.
• •   •
Hustlers will  please note that all
subs, received atter Monday In each
week are acknowledged the week following. That is to say, subs, recorded
In the Clarion each week are those
which arrived not later than the Monday previous.
• • »
If any of you fellows way back east
don't want to subscribe to the Clarion
you had better Introduce yburselves to
the tall timber. To save trouble, have
your sub. price ready to hand over to
him and look as if you liked It. Who
is it? Why, Comrade Gribble, who
fires In a bunch of nine this week.
»   •-  *
Subtract the number of the paper
from the number on the label and the
result will be the number of weeks
before your sub. expires. Look now
and sec when your sub. runs out, and
if it is less than five weeks, renew at
once.    AND  KEEP  LOOKING.
• *    •
Another pair of yearlies to the credit of Comrade John Mclnnls, M. P. P.,
arrive from Phoenix, B. C.
• •   •
Comrade W. A. Pickard, secretary
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. 8, forwards $14.50, payment in full for card
and Clarion bundle. Keep your eye
on Phoenix. ,    , -«•
• *   * -"«<t > ;
Comrades  Lome  Cunningham  and
Peters report holding their first meeting of the season on the streets ot
Guelph, Out., with a good crowd.
That's the stuff.
• • •>
Local Vancouver  reduces  that deficit by $2.50, per last month's bundle.
• •   •
And Local Vernon does the same to
the amount of $3.50, also for Clarion
bundle.
• • •
Comrade A. Stewart, Moose Jaw, orders a bundle of five for three months,
with prospects of subs, to follow.
• *    •
Local Hamilton orders a bundle of
six for three months and instructs its
secretary, Comrade W. Armstrong, to
ascertain the cost of 25 copies or more
ach week with the intention of engaging a newsboy lo sell them on the
street. It is a good way to start and
with perseverance will bring success.
Another jolt at that deficit by Local
West Fon William in the shape of a
bundle account.
• •    *
Comrade Harrington   leaves   three
subs, in his trail which arrive In good
order.
• • •
A sub. each from the following comrades arrive this week;
• •   •
A.  Clyde,  Victoria.  II.  C.j   Roscoe
A. Fillmore, Albert. N. B.; H. N. Cour-
sler, Revelstoke. B C.j John Staples,
Victoria, B. C; Hugh Hanna, Vancouver, B C; F. S. Faulkner, Calgary,
Alta.; J. V. Hull, Port Moody, B. C.
* • •
The adverse decisions of judges In
reference to tho methods of carrying
on strikes are but the voice of capital speaking through its agents. "If
you don't like it, don't vote for It,"
Is the best advice I have to give.
• •   •
Don't    waste     time     "resolutlng"
against what you voted for. Your vote
nnd that only cuts any figure. The recording of your vote this way or that
Is the recognized method of publicly
showing what you want and what you
are prepared to take.
• •   •
The police of Buenos Ayres created
a riot on May 1st by attacking a body
of workers who were celebrating Labor Day. During the fight many were
wounded and several killed on both
sides. None of the police were arrested for starting the riot, but seventy
of the workers were run In for attempting to defend themselves.
Well, fellows, I cannot say that I
blamo these lickspittles of the ruling
(lass doing what they can to toady to
their masters who gave them their
positions. I cannot blame the capitalists for seeking to put the Socialist
press out of business—for it will be a
shame what will happen to the power
and privileges of our rulers when the
day ot working class political ascendency arrives. Speed Its coming by
subscribing to the Clarion nnd by getting others to subscribe. Don't be a
willing and coward slave forever.
WM. DAVENPORT. THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY,  MAY 8th, 1909.
LONDON LETTER
THE S. D. P. CONFERENCE.
The twenty-ninth annual conference
of the Social Democratic Party held
in The Shepards' Hall, Bristol, England, was concluded last week after a
three-days' session There were present at the gathering 140 delegates,
representing 117 branches of the
party, and they came from all parts
of the United Kingdom, even Ireland,
for the first time, sent one delegate.
The children of the Bristol Sunday
School opened the proceedings with
an excellently rendered song entitled,
"Welcome."
Comrades E. H. Jarvis, of Bristol,
■was unanimously elected chairman
and the elections of other committees
were then quickly disposed of.
Comrades Cook and Sheppard, of
the Bristol Trades Council, each delivered an address of weleome, both of
which were very unique and Interesting. (
Comrade E. H. Jarvis made the
presidential address, in which he reviewed the history of the movement in
Great Britain and gave an excellent
exposition of the Socialist Movement.
After the presidential sppeech, fraternal messages were received from
various bodies and others were received at a later stage. The rest of
the day was devoted to W. Gee's appeal against his expulsion from the
Party by the Executive Council. Mr.
Gee was one of the ablest speakers
of the Party and his expulsion created
no little stir amongst the membership,
hence the prolonged discussion ln regard to him. The action of the Executive Council (has, however, sustained
by a vote of 128 to 61, which ended a
rather long drawn out controversy.
Saturday, after the financial affairs
of the Party had been gone over, the
following message was sent to the Independent Labor Party assembled in
convention in Edinburgh, Scotland.
"This 29th annual conference of the
Social Democratic Party at Bristol,
sends fraternal greetings to the Independent Labor Party at Edinburgh,
trusting that deliberations of both
conferences will lead to the growth
and consolidation of the Socialist
forces in Great Britain and Ireland,
and the speedy consumatlon of the social revolution."
A lengthy discussion ensued in regard to S. D. P. members running as
Labor Party candidates, and the matter was allowed to stand as heretofore, that Is, S. D. P. members are allowed to run as Labor Party candidates.
This seems to be one of the weaknesses of the S. D. P. movement in
allowing its members to belong to and
be candidates for other political parties. This inconsistency, if allowed to
continue, will bring the S. D. P. on
the same level with the I. L. P.
Other business, the most important
of which was the Poor Law, Decentralization, Women and the Party, and
the relations between the Party and
its official organ, "Justice," was then
disposed of and ended the deliberations of the conference for the day.
On Sunday morning the first business to come up was that of the affiliation of the Social Democratic Party
with the Labor Party. After much discussion the vote was put and the motion to affiliate was lost by 125 to 2.
Certainly a safe majority. Messages
of greeting were sent to the Shop Assistants' Conference, the Telephone
Employees Convention and to the
French Telegraph and Postal Clerks,
who recently won their victory against
the French government. Fraternal
greetings were also sent to Comrade
Tom Mann, who, according to Comrade Ben Tillett, was on trial In Australia for sedition, riot, treason and
all the other virtues.
A resolution was next presented
calling upon Will Thorne, M. P., to
either resign from the Labor Party or
the S. D. P., and was hotly discussed
and defeated by a vote of 88 to 29.
Comrade Thorne was elected to Parliament as an Independent member tor
the Gas Workers Union, and subsequently signed the constitution of the
Labor Party. As he is a member of
the S. D. P., but not elected on the
ticket of that party, the 8. D. P. has
consequently no control over bim as
a member of Parliament, therefore,
both he and the S. D. P. are lit an
illogical position. This is a striking
example of the muddled condition of
the British Socialist movement at present.
Other business of minor Importance
was gone into and rapidly disposed of,
until a resolution was presented calling upon members of the S.fD. P. who
belong to Liberal, Radical or other
capitalistic political clubs to leave
such organizations or the S. D. P. A
long and at times heated discussion
followed until eventually the resolution was amended so as to read as
an appeal to the S. D. P. members to
sever all other political conventions.
• London was chosen as the place for
next year's conference against Coventry, Stoke-on-Trent.
Adult Suffrage, the Socialist Sunday
School Union and Minimum Fees for
Speakers were dealt with in order
named, after which the election of
the Executive Council took place. The
result was H. M. Hyndman, 161 votes;
Mrs. Montefiore, 131 votes; J. F. Green,
123 votes; J. Scurr, 92 votes; F. Knee,
86 votes; D. Carmichael, 79 votes. All
these comrades comprise the London
section of the Executive, while the
provincial section was elected as follows; E. R. Hartley, 151 votes; D.
Irving, 118 votes; J. G. Webster, 103
votes; F. Lewis, 96 votes; A. C. Ban-
nington, 94 votes; T. Kennedy, 83
votes. Comrades Scurr, Carmichael,
Lewis and Bannington are all new
members on the Executive.
Resolutions condemning the Territorial Army and the Half Time system
were adopted without dissent, and the
following resolution was passed unanimously, "Be it resolved that this 29th
conference of the Social Democratic
Party, in pursuance of its policy from
the date of its foundation in 1881 in
regard to India, sends its sincere greetings to the many races and people of
Hindustan and wishes them an early
emancipation from the despotic and
ruinous domination of Great Britain."
A few minor matters concluded the
business of the conference. The Bristol Socialist Society Choir sang "England Arise" and the assembled delegates joined heartily in the chorus.
The chairman delivered a few excellent closing remarks to which Comrade H. Burrows fittingly replied, and
with the singing of the "Red Flag,"
and ringing cheers for the social revolution, the 29th annual conference of
the Social Democratic Party came to
an end.
Yours for the Revolt,
ROBT. E. SCOTT.
London, April 18th, 1909.
TOUCHING   THE    GRAYSON    INCIDENT AND R. HUNTER'S
COMMENTS.
To an English-Canadian who took
as keen an interest in the "Grayson
incident" in the British Parliament as
is possible for a wage-worker with limited means of obtaining information
it would seem there is more venom
displayed against that comrade by his
"friends" than by his enemies. The
fact of Victor Grayson being suspended from Parliament—the building
where the executive committee of cap
itallsm holds its deliberations—is, in
the opinion of the present writer, who
has no particular use for hero worship, the highest possible certificate of
merit as to his obnoxiousness to the
enemy of the useful class. It is true,
Victor Grayson may have broken the
pre-arranged plans of the Labor party
perhaps allowing his own impetuous
nature to carry him away at the time.
But what of that; the more the bourgeoisie are disconcerted and astonished by unexpected, vicious attacks, the
more fear and respect will they have
for the toilers. But the glaring, outstanding fact of the whole incident
was that not one member of the so-
called Independent Labor Party was
sufficiently conscious of the class he
was supposed to belong to, to back
Grayson up, when he was bothering
the enemy not a little, which can hardly be overlooked even by the most Impartial—it was a magnificent opportunity to exhibit the class struggle going on. Suppose two, three or five, or
the whole lot of the Labor Party had
stood out and told the puppet sitting
in the chair, that they reiterated all
that Grayson had said, and anything
else they could think of that might
stir that gentleman out of his condition of smug self-satisfaction, could
they all have been suspended as well,
without attracting (in a most undesirable way to the Government) the
attention and rousing the suspicions
of the most conservative, and sheeplike individual of the working class to
the real Cause that divides society into two warring classes, giving wealth
to the idle and abject poverty and misery to the Industrious?   I trow not.
This condition of poverty of the
class these labor men are supposed
to represent is not a thing of yesterday, and the Grayson Incident was
not a sudden, unforeseen skirmish in
the class war. Therefore it is difficult
not to have to think these labor men
do not represent the proletariat in
general, but only the aristocracy of
labor, who can pay their weekly assessment to the trade union for supporting a Labor member, else they are
traitors and consciously or unconsciously are the tools of the exploiting
class.   What excuse had they for rest-
•V T  IN  R   i
.>    . r, a m i«;
VtVH\SH BLOSSOtAS
t'lrTVMfl"' ,);••!'    ;'i,..i:v,'   ,-it|
Me ,  ■
'tiMfe&ttti
ing upon their arms and watching,
without a single protest, their members being reduced by one? It appears
to me the enemy has got them tamed.
If the title of Socialist is so very
dear to them, let them use it. If a
parliamentary career is what these
men have mapped out for themselves,
then they represent no one but themselves; If they are true men (which
in some cases is very doubtful), submission to the bourgeois ideas of par
liamentary good manners will only
stultify ghem in the eyes of the desperate Toilers—almost without hope
and almost without courage, whose
condition cries out aloud, that the
whole law factory should be swept
aside, that the cause of poverty, which
has its genesis in the subjection of one
man to another' may be tackled In a
hostile manner, by men and women
whose mental vision is not too much
distorted by the ever-present ogre of
wage-labor and capital. Should Mr.
Robert Hunter read this, he may conclude this scribe is a "semi-anarchist,"
but I will assure him I seek no man's
blood, job-seeking and job-keeping
takes all my time.
About "brawny figures with bowler
hats and gnarled fists, pleading prettily for small palliatives," a man outside of the British Parliament is hardly In a position to judge without getting the parliamentary reports; but
when Comrade Grayson refers to
workingmen "blowing the froth off
their bad beer and arguing in millions
of pounds," he is quite right as to his
facts, especially about the "bad beer."
Also when he speaks of them as
"starved industrial degenerates, who
button ragged and shoddy coats over
skimpy chests, and splutter about the
mur'aklus excess of Imports over exports," he hits the nail right on top
of the head, Mr. Hunter, as everyone
knows who has ever mixed with the
English working class and gets his
ideas at first hand and not from middle-class Socialists, whoever they may
be. Writing in accordance with facts
does not necessarily express contempt
for one's own class.
To an onlooker who has spent twenty-five years of his life in England
among that class which creates wealth
and are recompensed with poverty,
Victor Grayson more nearly voices the
spirit of revolt against existing conditions by the workers than any other
parliamentary representative. It may
be true, he is merely a "college boy"
of only 26 summers and not an adept
in the tactics of the wily politician—
that's the very boy we working plugs
are looking for!
One would think the Independent
Labor Party deserved criticism in a
"sharp fashion," if, for the sake of political expediency they prefer not to
be known as Socialists and set themselves up in contradiction to the Social-Democratic Federation; if the I.
L P. Is Socialist, its members would
be proved to call themselves such, and
admit to the bourgeoisie their "guilt";
again, if Socialists they are, why not
say so in a straightforward manner
and carry on Socialist propaganda
without apologizing for it in the title
they give themselves. At present they
must be luring "desirables" into their
ranks whose ideas are those reflected
from the ruling class, with the inevitable result that the mass of them
must be leavened with effeminate
sentimentalists, whose aim is municipal ownership and state Socialism,
which mean nothing more for the
worker than wages—which he gets
now.
Far he it from me to criticize a
whole body of men whom I only know
through capitalistic newspaper reports, except in one or two instances;
but I can hardly refrain from changing Robt. Blatchford's remarks, "The
comparative failure of the Labor representatives in the House of Commons
is due to the fact that they are workingmen," by adding because they have
not made a study of the enemy's capabilities and limitations—capital conditions wage-labor and vice versa, being merely the opposite sides of the
same coin.
As for the proletariat "requiring one
or two natural aristocrats to lead
them," I would repudiate the idea
with Indignant contempt and fear. As
Comrade Louis Duchez remarks in his
excellent article in the April number
of the International Socialist Review',
"the registered impressions left upon
the brain cells by the stomach-necessities" is the guiding star, which will
keep us on our course; and he rings
true again when he says, "The proletarian must emancipate himself, if he
is ever to be emancipated, and the
leadership must come from proletarian brains."
Comparing Comrade Grayson's expressions with those of Bernard Shaw
is doing the former a grave injustice,
for he speaks undoubtedly from the
standpoint of the proletarian; while
the latter speaks from the viewpoint
of the middle-class Socialists—I know
not how many classes Comrade Robert Hunter divides society into.
Referring again to the quotation of
Comrade Hunter's from Robt. Blatch
ford, saying, "the comparative failure
of the Labor representatives ln  th"
Houso of Commons."    .    .    .    WW1'
ever is there to be expected from
capitalist government; Inbor-power. •
long as It Is a commodity to be bough
nnd sold upon the inarkeH like '•■'
or spittoons, will never fetch anything
more than its miarket price—wages.
Therefore it is the capitalist system
of production we have to fight and
fight to a finish. The most that can
be expected, as long as capitalism
lasts, Is to get as many pure proletarian members into Parliament as
possible, drawing pay from the capitalist clats'government, and becoming,
de facto, organizers of the Socialist
Party, as ln Canada, preaching up and
down the country the class war. In
a short time they will soon have all
the old political parties driven into
the same hole, and their opportunities
for flim-flamming the workers greatly
reduced, for the latter could then
make no mistake as to the hole to be
plugged. And even then the co-operative commonwealth dare not be inaugurated upon a majority vote; the
revolutionary proletarian membership
would need to be such as to make its
decisions indeed decisive.
The capitalist class will then be vie-
ing among themselves in offering "palliatives" upon condition that they are
permitted to retain the machinery of
production and distribution, and—we
want that, too! By the time the working class is educated to this pitch,
Houses of Lords and Licensing Bills
will, no longer be problems needing
solution.
THOMAS L. BRIGGS.
UNPRACTICAL SOCIALISTS.
The following "gems of purest ray
serene" are taken from that mine of
inestimable wisdom, "T. P.'s Weekly:"
"H. T. R. S. (Worcester) writes:
We have in Myner Collier's last letter a fair example of 'Socialistic Inflammation,' and the absurdity of such
questions as 'Why should we poor people be denied the right to proper
education at our own colleges and universities?' shows how unpractical he
is. If 'Socialism can only come when
the people are sufficiently enlightened
to embrace it,' and 'education of the
highest possible form' is to bring it,
why do not 'Myner Collier' and his
friends rely for the furtherance of
their cause upon the 'idle rich' who
are not denied this education, for surely they have the best chance to gain
this blessed light of Socialism? 'Myner Collier' asks: 'Is it right that I,
a miner, should work for other people," etc. I am pleased to be able to
answer him and, I hope, reassure him.
It is quite right. It is not his business
to bother about whether the landlord
and capitalist do any work or not. So
long as human nature exists there Is
bound to be a certain amount of misery, discontent, and cries for a better
state. The strong and healthy must
continue to exert their power, and the
weak must depend upon the good nature of their superiors for means to
exist."
Comment is superfluous.
WHAT    CAPITALISM     HAS    DONE
FOR THE WORKER.
(Continued from Page 1)
boats to their destination, and from
that moment were doomed to slavery.
Sometimes regular traffickers would
take the place of the manufacturers,
and transfer a number of children to
a factory district, and there keep
them, generally in some dark cellaf,
until they could hand them over to
some mill-owner in want of hands, who
would come and examine their height,
strength, and bodily capacities, exactly as did the slave dealers In the
American markets. After that the
children were simply at the mercy of
.their owners, nominally as apprentices, but in reality as mere slaves,-
who got no wages, and whom it was
not worth while even to feed and
clothe properly, because they were bo
cheap and their places could be so
easily supplied. It was often arranged
by parish authorities, in order to get
rid of Imbeciles, that one Idiot should
be taken with twenty other children.
The fate of these unhappy idiots was
even worse than that of the others.
The secret of their final end has never
been disclosed, but we can form some
idea of their awful sufferings from
the hardships of the other victims to
capitalist greed and cruelty. Their
treatment was most inhuman. The
hours of their labor were only limited
by exhaustion after many modes of
torture had been unavailingly applied
to enforce continued work. Children
were often worked 16 hours a day, by
day and by night. Even Sunday was
used as a convenient time to clean
the machinery."
It was not until 1802 that the first
Factory Act was passed prohibiting
the employment of children for more
than 12 hours a day, and when in
1847 an Act was passed reducing the
hours of women, and of young person's
between the age of 13 and 16, lt was
denounced by John Bright, "the people's friend," as "one of the worst
measures ever passed ln the shape of
an act of legislation."
Thus was capitalism built up, and
H cannot be shown that at any period
'tiring its reign hnve the workers en-
ivcd such a good social position, or
eeured  such   ■        ;o  percentage of
h? wealth prodi o>      is they did from
"50 until the'   "<  e of the fifteenth
v.   i'  .' ■ r. in the "Social
ist Standard."
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of tbe revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
•  So long as 'the capitalist class remains ln possession   of    the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
,   protect and defend their property rights ln the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows: i
1. The transformation, as .rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
8. The establishment, as apeedily as possible, of production for
nie Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and everywhere until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will thla legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If It will the Socialist
Party Is for It; if it will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
DON'T BE A SOCIALIST
unless you know WHY you are one. The cause of Socialism has been
tremendously injured and retarded by the ignorance of those who
talk and write about it without a proper understanding of its principles. The foolish notion of "dividing ^lp" and the story of the
"Irishman's two pigs" come from this source. The capitalist writer
and the speakers deliberately misrepresent our principles, but if every
comrade thoroughly understands Socialism, it will hasten the coming
of liberty for all.
"The Library Of Original Sources"
(In the Original Documents-Translated)
sweeps away the bigotry and snperstition that has accumulated around
Religion, Government, Law, Social Science, etc.—brings to light the
naked truth and shows why Socialism is coming. The "Documents"
cover as well the entire field of thought.
Prominent Socialists Say:
A. M. SIMONS: "Will be read
when novels are forgotten—easy
to grow enthusiastic over, difficult to find fault with."
VICTOR L. BERGER: "Of greatest value to Socialist students—
a treasure mine of information."
ERNEST UNTERMANN (Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"Your kindness is most appreciated and I enclose check.
The Documents will be my most
valued companions this winter."
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist Lecturer): "That which I have
longingly desired for years, and
which I must confess I despaired
of ever enjoying—'The Library
of Original Sources'—a service
to civilization."
Not for "Scholars"
Tip tillm, thi "prilKiri" fill art bifHsiii
MAILTHJS
APPEAL TO REASON:  "Active.
Locals of the   Socialist   Parjj
could not make a better lnvea
ment than a set of these book!
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Locf
Hackberry, Kas.):    "I owe
my thanks—greatest addition
ever made to my library."
WALTER     LOHRENTZ     (Sec*
Longshoreman's Union, Seattle,^
Wash.:   "A boom to the working
class who have neither tin* nor
money  to  secure  a university
education."
ARTHUR MORROW LEWIS
(Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"I regard it as the most valuable
part of my library."
SEYMOUR STEDMAN: "It
stands like a pyramid ln •
desert."
hut for Thinkers
to si ilMithnllid mitfciiiliriktMUvit.
TODAY
University Research Extension, Milwaukee, Wis.
GENTLEMEN:—Please send review articles by Simons and Berger and
tell me how I can get the 10 volumes and a 20 year membership on a co-operative basis.   No obligation involved by this reqnest.
Same ...
Addren. ■
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
Ifllfyou would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi coat of
installing the gar. pipes,
Vancouver Gas Comply, Limited.
V«M-.. ....?••*'• .'■.<« ii J1-'"'""

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