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Western Clarion Aug 20, 1910

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 NO. 693.
Vancouver, British Coiiwnbia, Saturday, Aug. 20, 1910.!
snar* ti.il
An exposure of Liberal Falsehood in Word and Deed
In the course of his Budget speech
Mr. Lloyd George dwelt upon the wonderful extent of industry and  trade.
He indulged in the usual  lies  about
working-class prosperity and foreshadowed "the better time coming," in the
following words:
"The commercial world everywhere
is in bitter heart. There Is more enterprise and everything makes the prospect  much  brighter.    I  am  told,  on
authority, I cannot doubt, that we shall
probably see a greater volume of trade
this year and next than has ever been
witnessed ln the history of this country.   .    ..   ..   All indications are that
. next year's trade wlll be better, that
the people wtll be prosperous and that
therefore the revenue will  show an
Will the people be prosperous?   If
by the "people" is meant the workers
we deny it and submit the following
lesson from the past (provided by the
Liberals  themselves)   as  evidence  In
support of our point of view.
In the leading article of the Daily
Chronicle (amongst other papers) for
June 6th, 1903, we were told:
"Opportunely   there   are   published
this  morning  two official  returns  of
great Interest and importance to British. ■ .   .   .   The figures tell a tale
both absolutely and relatively of great
prosperity..  .   ...   They, show that the
whole volume of British trade has increased from 764 millions sterling in
1898 to 877 in 1902 . . .we have
such evidence before us that we are doing very well as we are."
In the very same Issue appears a
report of the now famous speech delivered on the previous day in the City
Hall, Perth, by Sir Henry Campbell
Bannerman, who said:
"We know that there is about 30
per cent of our population underfed,
on the verge of hunger . . . The
condition of the people is serious enough under Free Trade; it is a question which haunts us, and surely the
fact that about 30 per cent, of the population ts living with the grip of perpetual poverty upon it, Is and ought
to be a sufficient answer to the Prime
It was also in that "boom" year that
Mr. Winston Churchill made his speech
at Edinburgh, during which he slad:
Our Splendid Civilization.
"I have often asked myself whether
our splendid civilization really conferred blessings on all classes. Is lt
true to say that the poorest man in
Scotland is not any happier than the
poorest Hottentot or the poorest Eskimo? I am inclined to think that he
ls not any happier but perhaps more
miserable. He is homeless ln the
heart of great cities; he is hungry
ln the midst of plenty such as was
never seen on earth before and he suffers the privations of the savage with
the nerves of civilized man.
"To compare the life and lot of the
African aboriginal—secure ln his abyss
of contented degradation , rich in that
he lacks everything and wants nothing
—with the long nightmare of worry
and privation, of dirt and gloom and
squalor, lit only by gleams of torturing knowledge and tantalizing hope,
which constitutes the lives of so many
poor people ln England and Scotland,
ls to feel the ground tremble underfoot"
Despite the widespread poverty, the
Liberal Party are very active Just
now, ln claiming that unemployment
is rapidly declining and that the conditions of life for all are Improving because of the advance of commerce. But
let the reader reflect on the facts given above showing the existence of terrible poverty at the Bame time as an
unequalled increase in the amount of
.-wealth produced and lt will then be
clearly seen that the claims of Liberalism are fradulent.
We are continually told that the recent legislation of the Liberals is beneficial to the workers. An examination
of the chief Items will show how
groundless is this statement.
A Fraudulent Claim Exposed.
The  Board  of Trade  Labour  Exchanges (opened February 1st, 1910)
have been hailed with delight ln many
quarters. Below we give the returns
published in the April, May and June
issues of the "Board of Trade Labor
Gazette." It should be understood that
the number of applicants practically
represents different persons, because
renewals are not again counted.
No. of appll- No. of va
cations for work     cancies filled
During Feby.
„      March
. 126,119
„      April
„     May
559,847 80,906
These figures show how the Liberals
have lied about unemployment and the
Influence of Labor Bureaux. What a
fraud! 80,906 jobs and 559,847 applications for them! No wonder the num
ber of applicants fell after the first
month, seeing how few jobs could be
had through them.
How greatly these Exchange; are
opposed to the interests of the working
class was indicated by recent instances
In which they provided strike-br-jakerB.
One or two of these cases only are
dealt with here, owing to this being an
article and not a pamphlet.
' Strike-Smashing Up to Date.
A London firm of cabinet makers recently refused to pay the union rate to
their workmen. The men were called
out by ..their, union,but the, masters
applied to the Labour Exchange
for "hands." (It Is' true that the regulations require all applicants to.be told
if a strike is on- at the firm applying.
But the regulations Only exist on paper.) The Exchange wrote the firm
asking whether a strike was proceeding as they bad been informed so by
the union. But the very morning that
the letter arrived, and before a reply
was sent, men arrived from the Labor
Exchange and were taken on.
In June a strike arose at Newport
Docks, and Messrs. Houlder Bros, had
the good fortune to be supplied with
strike smashers by both the Labor Exchange and Mr. Colllnson's Free Labor Association! Down at Napsbury
Pauper Lunatic Asylum, another wing
Is being built to accommodate the increasing number of workers whom the
present system mentally cripples. The
contractors for the work sought, in
true capitalist spirit, to wring more
unpaid labor out of the laborers, paying them 5%d. per hour. The tollers,
directly provoked by this starvation
rate, remonstrated on June 15th, and
were thereupon paid off. Before many
hours had passed strikebreakers arrived from a London Labor Exchange,
and supplanted the men on strike. According to their own account, no mention of there being a strike down at
Napsbury was made to the strikebreakers.
Another motive our Liberal capitalists had ln establishing these Labor
Exchanges. A quotation from Leaflet
No. 16 ("Rough on Rates") issued by
their Budget League, illustrates this:
"These Labor Exchanges will contain accurate lists of unemployed men
and women. By means of telephone
a man will be able to find out if there
is a job for him in a distant town without going on tramp to the town itself.
This means that casual wards maintained hy the ratepayers' money will
fall into disuse and large sums of public money will be saved."
Bearing in mind that lt Ib the property owners and not the workers who
pay the rates, we can see whose interests this measure protects.
The same reason causes them to favor unemployment Insurance, as the following from the pamphlet quoted
above tells us:
"'The principle of Insurance Ib that
you pay money when times are good and
receive lt back when times are bad (!)
This scheme means therefore that during periods of depression, money will
be put into circulation, thousands of
families kept off the rates," etc., etc.
A Hair of the Dog That Bit Him.
The Road Development Bill has been
produced to lessen unemployment, we
are Informed. The real position ls that
commercial progress accompanied by
the revolution in modes of transit from
the horse-drawn vehicle to the motor
makes necessary to the capitalists tbe
laying of roads more suitable for the
heavier traffic of commercial and pleasure cars of the idle rich.
The method is to have roads that
will not need the constant repairing
that the present ones do, and the alterations are brought under the control of the national executive of the
capitalist class to ensure more economic maintenance, and results In less
work being needed to keep the roads in
good condition. To quote again from
that Liberal bill: "Improvements will
then be effected at the charge of the
Treasury, which would otherwise necessarily add to the rates of certain
districts, and special attention will be
devoted to laying down a more durable
and lesB dusty surface to our highway,
This again will relieve local rates."
Here the old lesson is recalled, that
economies effected under capitalism increase unemployment.
After the report of the Royal Commission on Home Work, the Trade
Boards Act was passed, setting up minimum wages boards. Hence the cry
of the Liberals: "Look what we have
done for Labor!" They point out quite
jubilantly, that this Act has been welcomed by many of the largest employers!
What actually results from this measure ls the alteration of the methods
under which exploitation is carried on.
Large employers find it less profitable
to employ the home workers than before. They bring young and more energetic workers .into their factories, where
the latest labor-saving machinery and
"speeding up" methods are introduced
under carefully adjusted systems of division of labor. The small manufacturer is forced out because of [the advantage of the large factory with the
on every hand these measures prove
detrimental to our class owing to
wealth being produced under tbe new
methods with fewer workers than before. The larger output for less wages
means accentuation of poverty all along
the line. The Singer Sewing Machine
Co. issued to clothing manufacturers
in the North of England, a circular on
"The Wholesale Clothing Trade and
Labor-Saving Machinery," drawing attention to an exhibition at Leeds ot
many wonderful new machines. An extract from it runs:
"The display has already been visit
ed by large numbers of the clothing
manufacturers of Yorkshire and Lancashire and more distant parts and
readers Interested in the manufacture
of clothing may be recommended to
learn by a personal visit and inspection, what the new methods and these
machines may mean to them, especially
ln view of the new Trade Boards Act
which is now coming into operation."
The Housing and Town Planning Act
is also instanced by the Liberals as
beneficial legislation and it therefore
calls for a few words to show Its essentially capitalistic character.
The trend of commercial development is to need wider streets and
more luxurious surroundings tor the
emporiums of the capitalist class. Consequently under the above, as under
other housing acts, the workers are
driven further away from the main
thoroughfares, slums are abolished in
one place merely to arise elsewhere.
on the sites of the slums (to yield
greater profit to the property owners)
The rents of the buildings erected
are generally higher and the workers,
nnable to pay more rent, are forced to
•turn to other quarters, and thus slum-
big purse behind It.. The ol&ef-tffo'mVmn/ becomes intensified. In the model
t-rs, Who did manage to scrape mmOf. Idw-jlllngs erected by "ten per cent,
by taking work and slaving in •theirjphllaathropy'' associations and muni-
homes" instead of in the factory, now dpaltties, severe strictures are often
find it impossible to get work.   Thus | (Continued on Page 4)
But Wages Lag a Long Way Behind
There are many arguments against
Socialism. Dozens, hundreds, thousands of them. There are as many arguments against Socialism as there
are anti-Socialists. And good ones too.
But some way none of them seem to
get there. The anti-Socialist can talk
till he's black in the face, he can trot
out stale arguments like Rosevelt's
"revolting Immorality," or Mallock's
"reward of ability" or brand-new arguments fresh from the factory ln the
hollow head of any old college-professor sufficiently ignorant. But they all
have the same effect. Jlmmle Hlgglns
always shouts:
"What you goln' to do about it?"
And as Mr. Dooley says, "There y'are."
But Jimmie Hlgglns, or whoever else
might have said lt, has surely hit the
nail on the head. He has given the
only necessary answer to any capitalist argument against Socialism. It
Is like casting pearls before swine to
refute their charges, and no Socialist
can do so without coming down to his
opponent's level, a thing which he is
always reluctant to do. Let us take a
few special cases where non-Socialists
have tried to prove our theories unsound.
Sam Gomper's arguments are flrst
clasB, but nevertheless Sam's star is
waning, and a good prophet would probably name Max Hayes or some other
undesirable, as the President of the
A. F. of L. ln the near future. Judged
by the "Infallible criterion of results"
Sam has been wasting his time in
proving Socialism "morally wrong,
economically unsound, and Industrially
Impossible." If lie can't do something
to combat the spread of our pernicious
doctrines he might as well keep quiet.
But that Isn't what the Civic Federation pays him for.
And Goldwin Smith. He's dead now.
Like many others he was "the last
great writer of the Victorian era."
(The number of times that this last
great writer has died, resembles the
"last appearance" of the star in the
opera company.) And if Goldwin
Smith was a sample of the best that
the nineteenth century could produce,
how lucky lt is that they are all dead.
He was born before the Socialist movement, driven by it from England to
Canada, and lived to see it catch up
with him there and sow the seeds of
discontent in his own neighborhood.
Disappointing, wasn't lt, after he had
destroyed Socialism so many times?
At last he has gone to a land where
he will find many Smiths but no Socialists.
Bismarck. Now we come to a man
who disdained to use the futile written
and spoken arguments of more cowardly anti-Socialists. He products THE
argument—the argument with a capital
"A." With his Iron Heel he suppressed the movement of the working class,
he destroyed the weeds which threatened to choke the wheat (wage slavery), only to see the seeds fall Into
the ground of discontent, made fertile
by his oppression, and spring forth
more hardy than, before.
No, arguments are of no avail. We'll
admit you have good ones. That one
about "immorality' Is particularly good
and bo true. No one but a Socialist
ever committed bigamy, or broke the
bank at Monte Carlo, or stole a railroad, or shot a flying Spaniard In the
back, or corrupted the Senate, or issued an injunction to restrain workers
from living, or employed eight-year-old
children twelve hours a day, or sealed
up a mine with 350 living miners inside. And no one will ever do lt again
after the Socialists are all dead. Socialism is immoral without doubt.
But what are you going to do about it?
We're growing fast. Our movement
is today the biggest thing in the
world, despite the fact that your class
has used every means In Its power to
keep the wage-slaves in ignorance of
our real object. And here is the reascn
why we grow, and why your social reformers continually lose.
We offer the workers freedom, you
give them slavery; we offer them leisure, you give them toil; we offer them
participation in all the good things of
life, you give them adulterated food,
shabby clothing rotten tenements, and
force them to work ln diseased sweatshop
We are winning, our members are
swelling, our power is growing, our
ranks aie closing, and some morning in
the near future you'll awake to find
your power gone, your palaces inhabit-
Recently the governments of North
America have been terribly concerned
about the higher cost of living. Many
prominent men in both Canada and the
United States have been interviewed,
on the matter. They have given their
own views, which all seem to be, that
labor organization, thriftlessness, extravagance (!) of the working "classes" are causes of the high cost of living. Whether or no such is the case
hasn't quite satisfied the Dominion
Government and they have tabulated
the statistic ln a return entitled
"Wholesale Prices In Canada ln 1890-
1909." The report Is by R. H. Coats,
B.A. It furnishes voluminous evidence
to prove the Marxian dictum that conditions are bound to grow worse. It
gives too, added data to clearly support the Marxian position laid down
in the last paragraph of "Machinery
and Modern Production" in volume I.
of  "Capital.'
Canada is a new country as far as
colonization goes. It must first be developed. Its development can only
be forced by the Introduction of up-to-
date machinery upon new soil. The
whole continent is being populated in
order to provide a greater opportunity
for the capitalist to make profit out
of the working class. Naturally in a
new country, where there IS constant
influx of emigrants, housing accommodation is essential and Imperative and
in the building and allied trades there
will be more employment. It may not
be as constant or as regular as ln England or ln the Southern States of the
U. S. A. That Is due solely to an economic force—climatic conditions. Therefore the building trades would obtain
a greater Increase than the rest of
trades. It may even develop bo
far as to be a refutation of Marxism in
the way of getting a greater proportion of their "product" year by year.
But on examination it can well be understood. The reason of the Increase
in the wages of the builder's trades Is
not due to "economic" organization,
but solely to the fact that the demand
for houses has been so great that constant operations of erection deem it
necessary. The hours have been reduced, too, tor the same reason. Were
any person disposed to make diligent
inquiry they would discover that there
are fewer men necessary to tbe completion of a building now than there
were say ln 1890. Yet there are In
those exceptional trades, so "well"
organized, a large number of constant
unemployed. It is quite possible for
the capitalist class to raise the wages
of those working today, It Is possible
to grant a reduction In the hours of
labor and still make more unemployed ln a specified industry. An Instance
can be quoted In the case of the Steel
Trust at Pittsburg, Pa., who dismissed
a large number of men and raised the
wages of those remaining. The exceptional lnoease ln wages of the
bricklayers, carpenters, joiners and allied trades has not ben able to keep
up with the Increased cost of living.
With the Bulletin was sent a Press
Bulletin In which it states "Employers
will find a wealth of material bearing
on the cost of production." That was
what the object Is.
The number of commodities dealt
with in the inquiry amounts to 230. We
will just look Into the whole matter
and see what capitalism ls doing for
us. From the year 1890 to 1897 commodities went down from 110 to 93.
After 1897 all commodities rose every
year up to 1907 with the exception of
1900 when the price went down 2 per
cent, on the previous year
Up again went the prices landing 26
per cent, hlgner in 1907 than in the-
previous average years of 1890—1899.
In all, commodities were higher by 31
per cent, in 1907 than in the year 1897.
Meat has advanced in price by 50 per
cent, as- also grain and fodder. Dairy-
produce has advanced 33 per cent. Furs
have advanced . 200 per cent. Groceries, vegetables, fruit, etc. by "only seven per cent." Lumber has gone up
tremendously, pine being 70 per cent,
above the price of ten years ago. Meat
products have advanced 80 per cent,
from 1897 to 1909.
The years from 1890 to 1899 represent average price. Live lobsters have
advanced 80 per cent whilst canned
75 per cent.
In the following table the first column shows how much commodities are
higher in 19,09 than in lowest year, and
in tbe second column, than ln 1890-99.
.,,. per ct. per ct.
Bacon   71 46.00
Beet (dressed)   44	
Fowls 130 88.00
Turkeys ..'..   130 85.00
Hams (cured) ... 93 60.00
Pork  .198 57.00
Dressed Mutton .. 25	
Butter 331-3 to 50 i...
Cheese 45 -.24.4
Eggs -92 71.00
Milk  (Montreal  .. 27	
Lobsters  59	
Salmon .......... 76 f. ..40.00
Notice how the luxuries are gradually Increasing in price. It Is those
commodities that disappear first from
the tables of tbe working class. Take
now the common necessaries and see
where the price is going.
Gone up over the
average by        Over lowest by
per ct.
per ct.
...77.9 ....
Biscuits (Soda)
 21.7  ....
Maple Sugar  ..
... 8.00....
ed by carpenters and painters, your
jewels worn by miners, your valuable
clothes worn by tailors, your automobile ridden by mechanics, your Pullman cars loaded with engineers, firemen, brakemen, and conductors, your
graves filled with capitalists, your hospitals with soldiers and policemen,
your prisons with Members of Parliament, Senators and Judges, and your
insane asylums with preachers.
And what are you going to do about
Taking salt into consideration one
has to allow for greater adulteration
the result is that table salt has only
increased since 1895 from 60 to 81
cents per barrel, other salts sue**; aa
dairy and cheese salt have decliniH la
price. A special footnote tells us tmmt
sugar has advanced in price in *hU
grades. Tapioca is over 40 per OMt.
higher than the average years. Tea hM
gone up 34 per cent. Potatoes', are
higher by 42 per cent, over the; Mr-
erage year whilst 160 per cent. h inker
than 1896. So far as foods are «M-
cerned. Now to clothing. Woollens In
1906 were 28.99 higher than ln the **»•
erage years, cottons have gone up pat. '
ormously which Is due (so says the report) to higher price of Taw cotton.
The lowest price per yard of print waa
6.71 cents to 6.78 cents. It Is now 8.S4
cents. Woven colored cotton fabrics
were from 25-27 cento per Ib. In 1908
tbey were 33-36 cents. Boots and shoes
have advanced, those for working men
being 50 per cent, higher than the average year. Coal and lighting necessaries  have   gone  up.
The whole bulletin bristles with good
points for the propagandist to use. It
should be done often. It simply proclaims the inability of the master class
to control their capitalist concerns. It
gives a clew to the fact that capital
controls tbe capitalist. The latter ls
unable to cope with tbe gradually overpowering element in Society. The
working class will though. Before long
at that, too. It does not matter to us
what the worries ot the capitalist are.
He cannot stop the inevitable downgrade of conditions for the workers.
He may endeavor to bolster up some
kind of device. They must all fail.
They will all fall. The death knell of
capitalism is Bounding and resounding
throughout the universe. It needs
careful organization of tho working
class on the political field to do the
rest. You workers will be bled continuously until the Bystem is done away
with. No hope of any alleviation can
be fostered. Stand out and work for
the complete abolition of the class ownership (by the capitalists) of the
means whereby tbe workers producing
all are starving. "Socialism is the
only hope, all else Is Illusion."
*"■—m~*m ^^——^——»-—a»a«»»-»a—.»—.—
SATURDAY, AUGUST 20th, 1910.
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aUrt-rtlalag retaa an *-*-»Uoatl-m.
If j** r*M«T* tkU paper. It fs pais
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Vanoouvu, U. 0,
Watch the label on your paper. If. this number Is oa it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
SATURDAY, AUGU8T 20th, 1910.
"We have watched with some Interest
the progress of "Cotton's Weekly'
since it turned fro-n Radicalism to
Socialism after Its proprietor's defeat
■for Parliamentary honors. Regretably
tlie direction of its progress has been
arach as to call far a degree ot forbearance. However! .there is a point
beyond which forbearance becomes a
•tiee, and, to our thinking, that point
<°ls reached when Cotton's seeks to
Identify the G. T. P. strike with the
class struggle.    .        ,.,.,-
Of course due allpwance must be
made for the financial difficulties
-which beset any paper venturing to
be even socialistic, and the consequent
temptation to sacrifice truth upon the
altar of circulation, a temptation of
so insidious a character that; its constant pressure will eventually, and
Smperceptably to thel victim, pervert
the judgment by degrees to greater and
-greater modification of the truth to
salt the circulation, until circulation
from being a means, to, an end, becomes the end,,, to be attained, and
Socialism becomes the excuse,. in
place of the reason, , for. a paper's
■existence. A case Ip. point is the
-Aj-peal to Reason". .whose penchant
■Sor -making capital; opt of, nrery oc
'■4-asion, whether suitable or not, and
•even malting the, occasion when put to
alt, is In no small degree, responsible
for the otter confusion, in the movement across the line, which has called
forth from its puzzled leaders the
winery, "What's the matter with the
•Socialist Party?"
It is because, as a member of the
-'«. P. of C.,we have no relish for the
prospect of being involved in a similar
'•confusion -that we consider lt worth
while to make these remarks. While
■"Cotton's Weekly" has not the official
•endorsatlon of the S. P.- of C, yet, being edited and published by members
-«jf this Party, it may be taken to be
-a, mouthpiece of the Party. And, as
its editor and manager are members
of the S. P. of C, they'should hew to
the line of the Platform to which they
bave pledged their adherence. Either
-that, If the Party's position is correct,
. or else repudiate it, if, In their opinion
it is incorrect.
... Certainly, no interpretation of that
platform would justify the heralding
of such incidents as the strike referred to as having anything whatever
to do with the class ' struggle. The
mere fact that the scrimmage was
-between members of the two classes
is not sufficient' to ' make it a class
struggle, or anything else but a sordid
scramble for a better price for merchandise. It was an attempted combination on the part of the sellers of
labor power to obtain a higher price,
and, as such, falls into exactly the
same category as a meat combine, a
retailers' association, or any similar
combination against which latter, in-
■ consistently enough, papers of the
Appeal type are so ready to take the
field. It is true that the G. T. R. used
the. law, and even the machinery of
law "unlawfully," to break up the
strike, but just so would the capitalists
*who are in power use the same means
to break up any of the other combina-
■tlons mentioned should .they interfere
"•with their interests.'
The class struggle is none of these
■things, as, for one reason, it Is esen-
tially a political struggle. Nor are all
political struggles class struggles,
•even if members of the working class
be one of the parties involved. For
instance, a political struggle for an
eight-hour day, a minimum wage, and
so forth, could not be termed a class
struggle. It would be the same old
struggle over the price of merchandise, and in no way to be differentiated from a struggle for a favorable
larlff or such like.
Sat to say that a olass struggle Is
-essentially a political struggle ls not
*ner->ssarily    saying  .anything   about
Voting. If there were not a ballot box
in all Canada lt would nevertheless be
as true that the class struggle is a
political struggle.
Necessarily,   a   class    struggle   ls
a. struggle    between    classes.    The
Iim.    of   demarkation    between    the
two     -lasses    is    the    line   of    exploitation.     That    is    to    say,    society is divided into .two classes    by
the 'tact that one part of spclety exploits the other..  The capitalist class
can exploit the working class because
It has the power.   The class struggle
is, the struggle of the working class,
on the one hand, to break the power'
of the capitalist, class, on the other'
hapd   the   struggle of the capitalist
class  to retain its  power.    It is  a
struggle for the mastery of the Earth
between masters and slaves.   It Is not
a struggle between buyers and sellers
of any commodity whatsoever.   That
is the position of the S. P. of C| as
set forth in. its Platform, and it is
therefore the position of every member of the S. P. of C. who has signed
its pledge in sincerity.
Of course, as we have said, ln the
case of "Cotton's," due allowance must
be made for the insidious influence of
financial considerations, but the fault
lies at other doors besides its publishers. We are of opinion that that
Influence could have been very largely
offset had members of the Party who
have the knowledge, and who have no
financial considerations to blind their
judgement, taken the trouble to contribute regularly to the columns of
that paper, Instead of confining themselves to mere disapproval of its contents.
der if they ever heard of Bismarck
and what a brilliant success his antl-
Sociallst legislation was.
The following police notice sent to
even a good capitalist paper will give
an idea of how the Socialist press Is
farfng.  .    .
Notification, from Police Regarding
the Publication of Certain News.
Buenos Aires, June 28th, 1910.
To the. Director of THE STANDARD.
By superior order, I may make known
to  you  that  the   prohibition,  raised
momentarily tor special reasons, of the
publication in your newspaper of news
or references relative to movements of
workmen  or of sectarian - classes of
any kind whatsoever, must be observed henceforth with all rigour, so long
as the law is in force which declares
the Territory of the Republic ln the
state of siege.
I salute you attentively,
Jose Oyuela.
"Step-at-a-tlme" reformers are fond
of dilating on evolution and decrying
revolution, under the impression that
evolution justifies their position as
reformers, which belief is characteristic of their loose methods of thinking,
tor, as a matter of fact, granting the
superior importance of evolution, evolution itself flatly refutes reform.
The theory of evolution has been an
inestimable boon to these people. For
instance, upon evolution, Ramsay Maedonald has built up an entire fabric
of "Modern Socialism" in which human
society is evolving aa a harmonious
wohle with class struggles, revolutions
and such like unpleasantness entirely
eliminated. All this is dope by a most
learned and plausible chain of reasoning from biological analogies, which
are none too safe to reason from at
any,.time. ,.
The mere. historical fact that the
harmonious evolution of society in the
past has been interrupted by class
struggles and revolutions seems not to
disturb Ramsay at all. He demonstrates to himself quite clearly that
class struggles and revolutions are no
part of social evolution. Society as, a
whole, parasites and all, is an organism which is progressing steadily
along evolutionary lines, and in course
of time, everything wlll be lovely for
Absurd as this may appear ln the
face of actual facts, it is not nearly
so absurd as Ramsay Macdonald's position, and the position »f reformers In
general, if his theory ls 'true. For,
if it is true that society is such an
organism, the logically correct position
for reformers who "lamor In the great
for reformers who "labor in the great
uplift," is to do all In their power
to expedite this evolution and not to
hinder it, so that it may the most
speedily arrive at Its consummation.
Exactly the opposite ls what they attempt.
They should study the process and
direction of the growth of their organism most carefully, and then devote themselves to devising means
whereby this growth may be hastened,
or, at any rate, to removing obstacles
in its way. Instead of that they are
constantly seeking to lop off Its members wherever they see an opportunity.
Their organism has grown thus far
altogether by the exploitation of wage
labor; tbat furnishes,lts life-sustaining blood. Yet that is what they attempt or propose to restrict, whereas
they should assist It. Every reform
which they devise and Immediately
demand would, If put into practice,
retard and stunt the growth of their
So while they call themselves progressives, yet, if their own evolutionary view of progress ls sound, they
are actually reactionaries, and those
whom they term reactionaries are the
only true progressives.
Which leaves us to solve the delightful dilemma that if their theory
is sound their practice Is absurd, or,
if their practice is sound, their theory
Is absurd; to which, to make lt a
trilemma, we might add the possibility of the absurdity of both their theory and practice.
The powers that be are more than
handing it out to the Socialists'In
Argentina. On the strength of an "Anarchist" bomb explosion in the Colon
theater, a "Social Order Law" was
passed in 48 hours. (Beats the devil
how swift lawgivers can jump when
property beckons.) This law prohibits public meetings, strikes, boycotts,
agitation, In fact, everything in sight
except work and exploitation. Y-'e won-
Niagara Falls, Ont., August 2.
Grand Trunk officials at Port Erie were
surprised today to learn that more
than half the men who composed the
detachment from the 44th regiment
were former employes of the road and
now on strike. It is a peculiar position for the strikers to be in, protecting the property of the company they
are warring on, while wearing the government's scarlet uniforms. The men
are behaving admirably, both officers
and sallway officials being well pleased with their actions. All is quiet here
(Clipped from the Saskatoon Phoenix.)
Sure, you blockheads, you voted for
it, take lots of lt. Why, it would stagger a mule, but you patriotic workers
are. behaving admirably and the railway officials are well pleased. Oh, you
two-legged mules! Will ever an idea
penetrate your cranlums, with the aid
of a chisel and an 8 lb. hammer?
It would seem, according to some
people, that a Platform may be likened unto the faith of Christians. If
you have faith you are saved, likewise
if you have a platform salvation is
yours. The foregoing suggested Itself to me by the readiness with which
all fanatics mouth the Platform of
their particular brand of fanaticism.
The cure for all evils is "read our
Platform." Now, personally, I do not
care what a Platform carries within its
bounds. The Platform of the C. G. T.
or the I. W. W., nor even the S. f,
ot C. does not turn the logical scale
by one poor scruple. It is what fs
taught that carries weight with me,
Platforms are degenerating from a
statement of principles to a catch-penny-proposition anyway; and methinks
not the worst that could happen would
be their quiet but firm dismissal with
thanks. Notwithstanding the various
Platforms of Industrial Unionism an
examination of their various publications will reveal a growing tendency
toward anarchy. Very rarely will you
find any really scientific Socialism
propounded in any of their sheets; and
very often will you find pronounced
anarchic tendencies; sometimes bold
and undisguised, more often timid and
The Industrial Worker, the official
Western organ of I. W. Wism has a
case in point, issue for June 11th,
but before dealing with this a few remarks on the class of dope dished up
by their'ink sllngers might be pertinent. From a casual perusal of their
sheet one would be tempted to classify
it as an auxiliary to some slave agents'
spit parlor. Between the slaves whining for more grub and the management howling for more subs, what
space remains is devoted to advertising various slave pens. The A. F. of
L. get theirs in the interstices, though
at times the editor himself turns loose
on them. It would seem that someone had dished up some I, W. W. dope
at the Spokane Socialist party's hall,
whereupon some of the Inmates objected. The editor of the Industrial
Unionist, who prints TRUTH In huge
type relieves himself as hereinafter,
ignorant and vastly commonplace individuals . . . narrow minded form
worshippers . . . miserable little
manikins .... 'chattering little
daws of men' (quotation) . . . harebrained questioners." Really delightful when we consider that Spokane
Local I. W. W. will not allow political
action to be mentioned within its sacred halls. Truth in capitals, which
"bears the searching light of reason"
In God's name TRUTH whether it be
"Anarchy, Industrialism, etc., If it be
TRUTH."   Thus ye editor.
Alas, Jean Jacques, methought it
was recorded that thou wert quietly
interred, but I must be mistaken; or
ls it but thy soul like John Brown's,
which now reviBlts the glimpses of
the morn with thy "searching light
of reason."
But enough of this revolutionary
organ, get one and read it, and if
you get any deeper information than
where to get the most slave fodder
and best stall, for the least expenditure of the slave juice, fillip me with
a three man beetle.
Now to our friend the anarchist.
Robin  Dunbar,   whom   Socialist   Re-
view readers will remember by an
idiotic "Oratory of Debs" article, unburdens himself on George Marx, "and
Proudhon. So abhorrent ls this article in Its loathsome insinuations that
I wrote to the editor of the Industrial
Worker asking the reason for its publication. I have not yet-received an
answer. However, I see in the latest
issue of the I. W., Dunbar tells of
having been asked by the editor to
contribute to it regularly, bo the editor
must like his dope. I put it up to
Gourock and all the Industrial Unionists, especially Stirton, Debs, Kerr and
Mrs. Marcy, do they hold with the
"Loss of liberty ls always accompanied by swift degeneration. Prisoners lose spirit, their fighting integument decomposes. Germany has
gone further along in State Socialism
than most States, consequently it has
lost the most of its liberties. The
result is a decadent citizenship. Oscar
Wilde ls becoming the German ideal
Prince Eulenberg with his circle of
royal degenerates is typical of the upper crust.
"The pot belly, the red nose, and
the diseased kidney are marks of German propsperity. The ballot and the
beer are the rallying cries of the proletariat The literature of the country
reeks with the unnatural crimes of sex.
Frank Wedeklnd and his school are
producing as drama nothing but the
pathological ravings of depraved sex
"There is no originality ln a bureaucrat. There is no appetite In a bloated paunch. There is no health ln depravity. The German has lost his
eagerness. He leaves the youth tired.
The State provides everything; why
should _ he bother himself about anything except little Socratlc diversions.'
Up with Sodomy, down with Science:
cries the German Philistine.
"Such are the conclusions to be derived from a rigid analysis of the doctrines of George and Marx, Illustrated
in actual application. This may not
be relished by preachers of the up-llft
—that is a foregone conclusion. But
to the readers of the Industrial Worker
they will appeal with powerful effect;
because they are Interested at this
time with the Spokane battle for free
In all the anti-Socialist literature I
have read, and it is considerable, I
have never met anything so manifestly
mischievous, so destitute of any semblance of honesty as the above. The
mad King Roosevelt's famous stricture
about Socialism and Its relation to
morality and the family ls, in comparison to the above, the utterance of a
misunderstanding angel compared to
that of a devil damned. Roosevelt, Is
paid and well paid for his dirty work
we all know, but can anyone tell us if
Dunbar is. Is he a Judas earning, his
thirty pieces of silver. Or ts he merely
one ot those base and Incomprehensible hirelings who seem to be peculiarly
the fruit of capitalism of the Ralph
Smith, Dixon, Snowden, McDonald
type, whose protests that they receive
no pay may be met with old Tom
Hardy's phrase, "If I had done the
dirty work I would have taken the
pay." Certainly nothing that has come
from the paid frothers" against Mary
has ever so exceeded the bounds of
common decency as has this Revolutionary I. W. Wite. Assuredly there
ls more malice than simplicity in such
Try to figure out what all that about
pot-bellies, red noses, etc., has to do
with Marxian Socialism, then try to
figure what any of the above quoted
text has to do with the free speech
fight at Spokane. Observe the strained effort to connect up, and notice how
flat It falls. "There is no health in
depravity," forsooth, neither Is there
any width in narrowness. I suppose
such commonplace platitudes go for
Socratlc wisdom. In Germany "the
State provides everything," truly "the
Gods must needs laugh, could such
things be, to see their little manikins
But let us look at this question
which Dunbar has placed before us.
What about economic determination,
which Is the guiding star of Industrial
Unionism. Depravity Is here attributed not.to industrial or economic conditions but to the writings of Karl
Marx, and to state (Mark that Gourock) interference. I wonder what
caused this same trouble ln Sodom and
Gomorrah? What caused It ln Lesbos, where it could be shamelessly
sung? Why was Sparta free from the
blight, as Japan ls today? What of
Athens and Rome?
Was Socrates a diseiple of Marx, or
was Aristotle versed in his works? Did
Sappho have knowledge of him? Presumably not. Then why did they advo-,
cate this very vice?
What was the reason of the Saints'
sexual abberations, according to Lecky.
The lives of the Saints paint with
appalling vividness the agonies of their
struggles. Multiplying with frantic
energy the maceration of the body,
beating their breasts with anguish, the
tears forever streaming from their
eyes, imagining themselves for ever
haunted by ever-changing forms of
deadly beauty which acquired greater
vividness from the very passion with
which they resisted them, their struggles not infrequently ending ln insanity and death." Nletzche remarks
that owing to these saints regarding
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under thla
head. 11.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.        .
Socialist Party ot Canada. Meet*
•very alternate Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1688, Vancouver,  B. C.
colvkbia    pbotixcial
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meeta every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1«88 Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Soolallat Party of Canada. Meeta every alternate Monday ln
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllce. Secretary will be
pleaaed to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
tlve Committee. Meets flrst and third
Tuesdays in the month at 12 1-2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring information about the movement in Manitoba, or who wishes to
join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebblngs,
Sec, 316 Good St., Winnipeg.
t-OOAL K1IA, ». O, VO. 34, B. T. Of 0,
Meeta flrat Sunday ln every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:80 p.m. Cyril
Rosoman,  Recording Secretary.
local UB-moii VO. 10, B. T. at
C.   Business meetings.every Saturday
1 p.tn. ln Headquarter* 'on Flrat-Ave i
J.  H.  Burrough,  Box  II,  Ladysmlth,
B. C.
-LOOAZ- MOT****, a. c, vo ...
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. in McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall), Tho*. Roberta,
LOCAL MltLU--, VO. SS, B. T. et a,
meet* In Miner*' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. Q.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meet* tn Flnlanders' Hall, Sundaya at
7:80 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
746 Rossland.
J'. I'll.1!'.'
LOOAL   VELIO*,  S.  P.   of  C,
every Friday evening at 8 P. m;, ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A Austin, Secy.
tive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets -every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon'*,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491, Glace Bay, N. S.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett'a Store, 1S1 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
LOOAL VUCOUVn, S.  O., VO.  45	
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays tn the month at 151
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Wm.
LOOAL YXCTOBXA, VO. 8, .■. T. 01" O.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
623 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Theatre. R.
Thomas; Secretary.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Roadlng Room. Labor Hall, T,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Maedonald,   Organizer,  Box  647.
P. of C,  meets every flrst and third i
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall,
J. Oliphant, Secretary.
LOOAL     COLBXAV,     ALTA.,     VO.     9,1
Miners'   Hall   and  Opera  House  at  81
p.m.   Everybody welcome to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy. '
P. of C.    Hearquartera 622 First St,
Business   and   propaganda     meetings ]
every   Thursday   at   7:80  p.m.   sharp.
Our Reading Room ls open to the pub-1
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally. I
F. Blake.  649 Athabasca Ave.,  Secretary. Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourth)
St., Organizer.
LOOAL VAVAXXO,  VO.  8,  S. P. ot O.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters HaU. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock Sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box 826.
LOOAL   PBBVXB,   S.   P.   of   O.   SOLOS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle, every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business
meeting first Sunday in each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Bok 101.
MP6J*t"i OBBBVWOOB VO. t, B. P. et O.
meeta every Sunday ln Miners' Union
Hall at 7:30 p. m. Business meetings,
1st and 3rd Sundays of each month.
George Heatherton, Organizer; R. "J.
Campbell, secretary, Box 124.
LOOAL TBBVOV. B. C. SS, S. P. of 0.,
meats every second and last Friday ln
each month. Chas. Chaney, Sec, Box
127 Vernon, B. C.
looal pbivcb aunkt, b. o., vo. as,
S. P. of C.—-Meets every Sunday In
hall In Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p; m.   L. H. Qorham, Secretary.
LOOAL -Wm, B, O, VO. M, B. T. DP
C, meet* every Sunday ln Oiaham'a
Hall at 10:30 a. m.    Socialist speakers
are Invited to call.   V. Frodsham, Secretary.
•Propaganda and business meetings at
8 p. m. every Sunday evening ln the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are invited to attend. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
S. P. ot C—Meets 1st and 3rd Sun-1
day    in    the    month,   at   4 p.m.   In I
Miners'     Hall.       Secretary,     Chaa.
Peacock, Box 1988.
LOOAL Wlmf-J-BO, B. T. at Oi, MBAB-,
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite Roblln Hotel. Business .meeting  every  Sunday  morning
..   .. ._      „_.    ..   ..  ~ nSe.
11 a.m.    Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening   8   p.m.    Everybody  welcome.
Secretary,   J. "  "
W.  Hilling,   270  Young
LOOAL TOBOVTO, OVT., VO. 84, ■.**•.
OP O. . Business meetings 2nd and
4th Wednesdays in the month, at I
the Labor Temple, Church St. Outdoor propaganda meeting*. Saturday,
8 p.m., City Hall: Sunday afternoon,
3 p.m., at University and Queen St.:
Sunday night, 8 p.m., at Shuter ana
Tonga St. speakers' Class every
Thursday, 8 p.m.. at M*ed<m*rt*r*, ,
TS Church St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor. 201 George St.        -
LOOAL COBALT, Vo. t, B. T. at O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
M.   J.    Gorman,   Box- 446,   Financial
Business meeting 1st Sunday In
month, and propaganda meeting* following Sundays at 8 p.m. ln Robert- I
Allan Hall, 78 Rldeau St. The usual
Weekly Inside propaganda meetings
discontinued during summer, month*.
John Lyon, Secretary, 4] Centre St.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdonald's hall. Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretary. Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, offlce In D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
"sexual desires as ln reality demons
that raged with them" they were quite
shameless ln their confessions and
consequently we get an Insight into
their minds, which is Impossible to
obtain today. Charles Kingsley says
of this period that Its records are
painful to any reader and advises the
young and innocent to leave them unread, he has however sufficient historical perception to attribute the excess to their proper cause—slavery.
Precisely what causes the vast majority of sexual crimes today. Those nations not cursed with slavery were
highly moral ln their sexual relation
then and are so today. Pure morals,
respect for women, honesty of word
and deed, freedom from cant, equality
in law- and perfect freedom of the individual, are invariably found in savage communities and only there.
Where the blight of slavery appears
all the vices follow of. necessity (yet
it is possible by attempting to dam
up the natural cravings of normally
constituted Individuals to cause sexual perversion of the most revolting
character. Munster, of Anabaptist
fame, and Geneva, the city of John
Calvin, are examples of what religion may accomplish in this respect.
The sex appetite inherent with life and
next to hunger and thirst most imperative, must be gratified.    Deny lt
this, and you forthwith let loose all
the devils of hell.
Under the present Social relatiops
It becomes more and more difficult to
live naturally in this respect; and he
who would attribute the inevitable'
consequence of these conditions to the
teachings of a political economist who
never mentioned the subject, should
be forever placed under suspicion and
watched accordingly. The Chinese on
the Rand, the school boys of Eton and
Harrow, White, Shaw, Ames, and those
pitiable creatures of the male sex who
may be met in any large city of the
United States know nothing of Marx,
and terrible as their mental state must
be, it Is questionable If it is one whit
worse than that of the man who would '
fasten.their vagaries upon the teaching
of Karl Marx.
I have dealt with the latter part of '
this Dunbar's article first. I shall take
up the flrst part next week, and while
he Is less disgusting ln the first part,
he ls not less malign, Insincere and
wholly erroneous. "Robin Dunbar,"
that ls the name, paste it in your hat,
and watch him, for he ls worth the
watching, and the paper which prints
his indecent Insinuations would also
pay well those who watch lt. Revolutionary? Yes, so were Bismark and
J. H.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening* 8 o'Clock
B. C.
i SATURDAY, AUGUST 20th, 1910.
■*»^*»**-*i*a*-g**j****»»--i*»iii I'I i. ii ii I
""''   '     ' ■'  ' ■ ' ■'   I    *!!   'U   I I       I i I   J l—^*^-*--P^^^^^ I. H ,i   n'l»     .  || J   )     i
Tb'* Pace Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Coaumittees, Locals
and General Party Hitters Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec.,. Box  H?88, VaacpuTer, B. C.
Meeting held Aug. 16th, 1910 Present Comrades Karme (chairman),
Mengel, Morgan,. Peterson,. Stabbllngs,
the secretary and Com. John Wood-
Minutes of previous meeting approved. Correspondence dealt with
from Maritime Manitoba, Alberta
Executives; from Locals Montreal,
Que., Menzles, Sask., Innisfali and
Calgary, Alta. Organizers Gribble;
Barltz and Fillmore and from the S.
P. of Argentina.
Decided that Com. R. I. Matthews be
engaged as assistant secretary, that a
separate office be taken for the
Secretaryship and Clarion, and that
the salary allowance from the two
Executives be doubled and $25.00 be
allowed for editing the Clarion in
order to provide funds for the above.
Alberta  Executive t 14.00
Ontario Executive (per Gribble)   99.16
Local Montreal Stamps      3.00
Local Neplgon, Ont., stamps... 3.00
Literature Sale, Vancouver,
$40.00; Edmonton, $3.00; Calgary, $3.00; Winnipeg, $8.00;
G. W. Kelly, $1.00; H. Peters,
25c      60.25
Whereas, some so-called 'Socialists
ln Manitoba have declared in favor
of reform tactics in place of the
straight revolutionary tactics 'of the
S. P. of C. and whereas,
We believe that no reform can benefit the working class, while the only
thing they have for sale, labor-power.
Is a commodity on the market; there-
lore be lt
Resolved: that we Local Brandon
reaffirm our allegiance to the platform
of the S. P. of C. and further, that we
consider that those who would lead
us Into the bog of Parliamentarism,
are but doing the work of the master
class by attempting to further contuse
us;   and further
That we consider the only salvation
bf the working class lies ln its emancipation from the rule of capital, and
as this can only be obtained by capturing the reins of government; we believe that our whole propaganda
should be devoted to that end. This,
and this alone, ls the only political
action that we care a curse about.
Carried unanimously.
H. T. BASTABLE, Secretary.
Total $168.40
Meeting held Aug. 15th, 1910.
Minutes 'of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Sointula, South Wellington, Vancouver Lettish, Nelson and Michel.
Local Sointula (stamps)  $20.00
Local Nelson (stamps)      5.00,
Local Michel (stamps)      3.00.
Total $28.00
• ■ '
Comrade Editor,—The Michel comrades held two yery successful outdoor meetings on Aug. 4 and 5, one
ln Old Michel and one in New Michel.
We had Comrade O'Brien, M.P. for.
the Rocky Mountain riding, and lie;
gave the soundest logic we have heard
for some time. He spoke on conditions as they exist at the present
The speaker expressed and explained his mission very clearly to the
slaves, and although it seems very
hard and against nature to be termed
a slave, he proved It conclusively and
made them take on a serious look,
which, with a little more education,
spells destruction to a system whereof
slaves are a product.
He showed the crowd very clearly
the causes of such conditions and then
dealt with the remedy, which proved
vo be too much for the plnheads and
political hangers-on of New Michel.
It made them take on a war-like
attitude. Saloon keepers, insurance
agents and J. P. went so far as to
show themselves disturbers of the
peace Instead of Justices of the peace.
One of them actually went so far as
to strike at O'Brien and accuse him
of things which they could not prove,
which showed them up as Ignorant
cowards. Their object was a premeditated one to try and stop the
meeting, but they reckoned without
considering the slaves, which proved
too much for them, and they slunk
back under the lash of a tongue
mightier than the sword.
■The working men of Old and New
Michel are made conversant with the
facts underlying the fracas brought
about by the political pimps of-New
Michel and hoping they will take the
tip and be wise in time, and when
they want to get doped be careful as
to which end of ths town they go.
J. D. Harrington will address two
meetings on Sunday next, the 14th
Inst., in Michel, one In Crahan's Hall,
and one in New Michel. I think Jack
will be able to stand the pressure of
New Michel, but any other speakers
coming through the pass kindly communicate with me and I will analyze
the atmosphere to see if New Michel
has become sane.
Oakland, May 30.—Held up by two
masked men who took $20, his revolver, his permit to carry a weapon, and
then stood on the coiner talking socialism to him for a half hour following the robbery, was the unusual experience of J. A. Tillmery, accordlnc
to the story he told to the police after
midnight this morning.
of capitalism in this country, and as
the men who pay Laurier. are opposed,
to your interests, you should just do
the opposite to what Laurier   tells.
That is, don't vote for either Liberal
or Tory.   Study Socialism.   Get literature and wade through, it.   You then
get wise.   Laurier ls out to mystify,
to confuse you.  We Socialists are here
to clear the political atmosphere. >
Dear Mac—Enclosed find M. O. for
$15.00 being the cost of* one hunderjl
three month subscriptions.    We are
determined to alter the opinion of the
wage plugs around here, and consider
this about' the beBt way.   It ls a fight
to the finish between us and all who
stand for the continuation of this system, regardless of. their various disguises.    It is amusing to watch the
look   of. wonderment    crossing    the
features of the authorities, reformers,
etc,, when they watch the active propaganda going on around them.   It is
safe to say they never had lt before
In, this town like they have had it
•this  summer,  and  there's  worse  to
come. . . ...    A. W. BAKER
After the visit of Organizer Barltz
to this place the other week end, one
of the local papers had a cat-fit.
"Police ought to supress these seditious meetings." "Unpatriotic utter-
ences," "disloyalty," "speaking disrespectfully | ot Royal George Number
Five." How could the loyaf and
patriotic city of Brantford stand for
the like of this.
So, as may be expected, when Frank
Watk|nsop came down, from Toronto
the week following he had quite a
sprinkling ot the "law and order"
gents in the-crowd. **•
Last Saturday, however, Barltz gave
Us another call.- He replied to tbe
local press wail in good shape, and
then after a lengthy address, found
himself .with more . trouble on his
hands, and from another quarter.
Labourists! Behold, had he not called
the British Labor Party a sham and,a
humbug? Had he not. accused, those
great "leaders" of labor of compromise
and double-dealing? Sure, he had, and
their, "followers" here in Brantford
waxed exceedingly wroth. The result
was a most interesting time for the
audience whilst Baritz and .the step-at-
a-time men were at it. One of these
misguided fellows took the soap-box
and attempted to prove how the British workers were getting back (in old-
age pensions) that which had been
taken off the wicked landlords by
means ot the Lloyd-George Budget.
But he was easy.
The writer ls inclined to deal just
a little more gently than is customary
with these "Labor Party" guys. He
remembers the time (not long ago)
when he was one too. So let us hope
that these apparently earnest men
may be brought to see Just where the
trouble is, and also the remedy.—W. D.
'Identify yourselves with one of the
great parties under the system of our
government. It were better that you
should become members of the wrong
party than of none at all."
That Is the statement of Sir Wilfred
Laurier. It was made before a large
audience at Yellowgrass. So that's
what Canada's premier advises! Why?
Laurier ls the Chief of the Executive
In this country. He Is the nominee of
the capitalist class. He is ln that position bfecause he suits the capitalist.
If Laurier thought there was any danger arising from the working class
just now he would not have told them
to join any section* of the "great parties." He. knows perfectly well that as
long as you vote Liberal, Tory or Labor, you are safe to support his masters. He knows perfectly well that
both parties stand for the slavery of
the working class. That's why he told
them to do it. Did you ever hear a
Socialist tell anyone to join the Liberal party? No! For what reason? Because he knows that It ls In direct opposition to working class aspirations.
He knows that too well. We have always stated that both capitalist' political are the same. Laurier gives lt
undeniable support.
The effort made by the Premier
ls one whicli should open the eyes of
the workers. Vote for Tweedledum or
Tweedledee it's all the same. So
says Sir Wilfred Laurier. But you
members of the working class don't
you see the point? Voting for Liberal
or Tory Is satisfactory to Laurier,
therefore as Laurier ls Ihe mouthpiece
Pamphlets Now Ready
Proletarian in Politici   The Slave of
The Farm
Piice 5c each
 i  ■
25c per dozen
Will Philip W. Lackey please
Write to his sisters, care of F.W.
Hogg, box 132, Lethbridge, Alta.
"That he is mad, 'tis true: 'tis true
tis pity, and pity 'tis 'tis true: a
foolish figure;"—Hamlet.
That Saltzman Is mad ls sure, but
whether its a pity or not, that's
another matter. A man, with political
ambitions the same as Saltzman has,
is surely commjtlng political suicide
when he throws in his lot vwlth a
motley bunch like the newly formed
Social -Democracy.
Our friend of labor and enemy of
the worker, Puttee, distorted the facts
somewhat in his paper of confusion,
when reporting the convention of the
North Winnipeg locals. He stated that
the  majority had  seceded, which ls
-varsity, surely he cannot have for.
gotten lt so soon. The foregoing may
sound bitter to Saltzman's ears, not
because lt is bitter in itself, but be-'
cause of Saltzman's bourgeois conscience. The cry Is not bitter in itself
but.it has a sensation ot bitterness to
the bourgeois minded Soltzman, and a
sensation just the reverse to an Intelligent proletarian.
. . When one .sees a nan calling him-:
self a Socialist and supporting the
foregoing theories, that, "Junius Brutus" derides, one wonders for what
purpose .did Engels write, ."Anti-Duhr-
ing," Labrlola write "Socialism.-and
Philosophical.   Studies,".   and    Dletz-
ophy?" None of these- men were;
members of the S, P. of C,. yet they
.wrote, books deriding the- very things
that Saltzman upholds. It seems a bit
tumorous that Staltzman should say
that the members of the S. P. of C.
"study, nothing".and at the same time
he advances theories that were explod.
ed by Dletzgen and Engels over thirty
years ago. Let every member of the
S. P. of C. obtain the foregoing books,
place them on his bookshelf and their
contents ln his brain, and he will quit
talking Socialism because it is
just, etc., etc.
It is somewhat strange, after Engels
had so effectually silenced Duhrlng,
that we should have another one
spring up spouting the same old paraphrases again. One would not have
been surprised if it had been an ignorant Englishman, but an enlightened "foreigner" from the continent of
Europe.   It's the limit.
This justiaje business, it's nearly
time it was played out. Are not the
workers getting justice now? You bet
they are, barrels of it, capitalist justice. They voted for it and they will
Continue to get it, till they, vote against
it. To say that Socialism means
justice is all tommy rot.
Labrlola calls "injustice a term of
Everythlng and nothing.. The straight
or the crooked. Neither or either, according to. whether I want It or not.
Dletzgen. sums lt all up in this way.
"Our Interests are,therefore innumerable. Inexpressibly great, and therefore every law is inadequate, because
it always considers,only some special
wellfare, some special interest And
for this reason no right is right, or all
of, them are. right, and, It, is as right,
to. Bay 'Thou shall not kill,' as it is
.to say.'Thou (halt kill.'"
Justice," said Cicero, the old Roman orator, in his tenth, office, "ls the
height of roguery."   No wonder "Junl-
Brutus'* said .that It was a "mouth-
r H l.i. .■*■-•«*»■    ....... art,
gen, his "Positive Outcome of Phiioa- juiing phrase of the. bourgeois,", they
exactly contrary to the truth. He did
not say that any person at all wasJthe ldalogists," he also says: "whoever
allowed to vote, and that many anar-| is inclined to confine his whole soclal-
chists were In the hall and that they'ist confession of faith to the simplest
voted for. "Social Democracy," and
when attention was called to this fact
by a dues-paying member of the party,
he was told by Saltzman to mind his
own business and shut up. (Democracy?) Nor did he state that the
Lettish Branch left the hall in a body
refusing to have anything to do with
the S. D. P. .
According to the. "Voice" the seced-
ers are In a large majority In Wln
nlpeg. The German local had an
average of eleven members, the Jewish an average of six members, and,
the Rutbenian one member during
the last six months. I^ot a very large
body to start a new party. Any olo
lie seems good,enough for the "Voice,
The whole affair in Winnipeg, both,
before and since election savors too.
much of the political trickery indulged
in by tbe social democrats of Port
Arthur at the Ontario Provincial Elections, when Comrade English ran and.
the "foreign" social democrats made
a bargain with, and supported the
Liberal Candidate..
Saltzman was not behind hand ln
circulating the yarn that the S. P. was
financed by the Conservatives in Central Winnipeg. It's funny how they
are so ready to believe others take
money from our masters. The S. D.
in Port Arthur put up the same yarn
at the Ontario Elections; they must
have had some experience In getting
money themselves.
The fact that ln one district where
we had two scrutineers we only got
one vote has not yet been explained.
Nor the fact of the Liberal leaflets
found Inside copies of the "Courier,"
the organ of Jewish Social Democracy.
You can judge for yourselves how
much of a Socialist Saltzman is, by
the fact that he told me that If he
lived in Centre Winnipeg he would
vote for Dixon and not for Cumming.
Dixon attacks the Socialists at every
opportunity; says that Socialism is
bureaucracy and so on. Saltzman was
also closeted with A. W. Puttee,
several times before election, and as
Puttee published some startling lies
about the S. P., we an easily make an
inference. ,
The whole bunch of them ln North
Winnipeg were very scared lest a
revolutionary speaker should get on
the platform, and on one occasion
were successful in putting one off the
platform after be had received permission from the Chairman to speak.
Well, enough about these men, I
guess the bunch will be run by Stechishln, Saltzman and Sussman, the
three capital S's, and followed by a
bunch of damned asses. We will talk
for a few moments about the charges
they make against the S. P. of C.
Reforms, rights of labor, liberty,
equality, justice, are mouth filling
phraBes of the bourgeois, but we, the
S. P. of C. want none of these platitudes, what we are after is the whole
loaf.—Junius Brutus. This ls the bitter cry of our 9.- P. of C. always and
everywhere" (Saltzman In the Voice).
Of course it's wicked' of Junius
Brutus to say that because he ls a
member of the S. P. of C. But Engels
St Id exactly the same thing, and ho
was not a member of the S. P. of C.
How about him?
I wonder what Saltzman did with
the logic that he learned at the Unl-
inference from the recognized exploitation to the demand for the emancipation , of the exploited, which is
inevitable only because it is just, has
to. make another step on the slippery,
path of logic ln order to reduce the,
whole story of, the human race to a,
case of moral conscience .and consider
its successive development in social
lite as so many variations of a continued error of. calculation."
Lafargue says:—"Hpbbs and,, the
plllosophers who speak, of natural
right,, natural religion,, natural philosophy are lending to dame nature their
notions pf right, religion and philosophy, which are anything but natural.
What should we say of the mathema-
matlcian who should attribute to
nature. his concepts of the metric
system and should philosophize on
the natural meter and... millimeter?
Measures of length, laws, gods and
philosophical ideas are of human
manufacture; men have invented them
modified them and transformed them,
according to their private and social
needs." "The Homeric Greeks, had
no word for law, and It ls Impossible
to conceive of justice without laws."—
(Lafargue, "Social Studies.")
The Jewish historian, Josephus, was
also struck by the fact that ln the
'Iliad" the word "nomos" which later
was to signify law was used to signify
Hobbes maintained in his "Le Cive,"
that we must turn to the civil laws
to know what is just    and    unjust."
(Social Studies).
And the laws of the state are passed-by, and are wholly ln the interest
of the bourgeois.
"The state is nothing but the total
power of the possessing classes.
What the individual capitalists do not
want, that their state will also not
desire." (Engels ln the "Dwelling
House Question.")
That Dletzgen does not think the
laws of the capitalist class are based
on abstract Justice is evident by the
following passage taken from "The
Positive Outcome of Philosophy."
"It Ib just as far from the truth to
think that material things consist of,
or are by virtue of, abstract matter,
as it Ib to believe that the moral or
bourgeois laws were derived from the
idea of justice."
So much for what great Europeans
have said about justice. I could keep
on quoting for many more pages, but
everyone should read this subject up
for themselves. These men are not
members of the S. P. of C, so any
of our comrades that are filled with
an Intense hatred of the S. P. of C,
should not be prejudiced against them.
If our methods differ from the methods of European Socialists it may be
that the European Socialists have
departed from Marx and Engels and
not us.
This talk about absolute "Right
and Justice" betrays a great lack of
knowledge of logic and proletarian
philosophy. Can a man imagine a
law that Is absolutely right? Right
for everyone and at all times? No
absolute morality can teach a man
what Is good or bad, right or wrong.
That ls good that corresponds to our
needs, that Is bad that Is contrary to
them. "The actions of man are determined by his wants," Dietygen. Is
uere     anything     abiolutely     £ood?
are adepts at roguery, and Staltzman is
no far behind the times that he has
not yet found it out, or he is so-bourgeois that he haa a sensation ot bitterness when he hears them attacked.
I think, almost every Socialist, has
shed the last bourgeois notion of
equality, though Engels points out ln
Antl-Duhrlng that the French have a
fondness for it which almost amounts
to a mania
. Engels deals very sarcastically with
''eternal truths" ln . his Antl-Duhrlng,
to cite one Instance. "Thou shalt not
steal, i. Is this commandment, then,
an eternal commandment? By. no
means. In a society in which .tbe
motive for theft did not exist, stealing
would only, be a practice of the weak-
minded, ..and, the preacher of morals
who proclaimed 'Thou, shalt not steal'
as an, eternal < commandment would
only be laughed at for his pains.','
. On page* 39, Engela takes a very
sarcastic jab at absolute truth and justice. ."According, to the philosophers,
the ..bourgeois world as It,.exists- la
unreasonable and unjust, and. is destined, for the rubbish heap. The
reason that true justice and reason
have not dominated the world is because up to the present man has
not properly comprehended tbem-
That a -man of genius has appeared
«nd that the , truth. concerning these
things should have now been made
clear are not -results arising from a
combination of historical progress and
necessity, but, a, mere piece of luck.
He might just as .Well been born five
hundred years earlier and saved mankind, the mistakes, ..conflicts and sorrows of. Ave hundred years.,
"This is actually the Idea of, all
jBnglish and French Socialists and of
the,earlier German Socialists, Welth-
ling included. According to, this view,'
Socialism is .the expression of absolute truth, reason, . and-. Justice,, and
Only, has to. be perceived in order to
vanquish the, world, by . Its truth-
Hence, absolute truth, treason, {and.
Justice vary according-to each founder
of a school, and therefore with each
one, the variety of absolute truth,
reason and justice ls dependant, in
turn, upon the subjective temperament
of that founder, his conditions of life,
the extent of his knowledge and mental discipline, so that In this conflict
of absolute truths there is no possible
solution save that they rub each other
smooth by natural contact. Hence
nothing could result from it except
a sort of eclectic, average Socialism—
a mixture admitting of manifold
shades', economic teachings and pictures of a future state of society by
leaders ot different sects."
It Is In the economic and "actual material facts that the confidence ln
the victory of modern Socialism finds
its foundation and not in this or that
bookworms' notion of justice and
Rights of Labor." Surely one
would think that Saltzman had advanced sufficiently far to know that
Labor has no rights.. "The right to
strike, the right to boycott," what
humbug. A bunch of slaves talking
about their irights. Surely a man
that has made the Socialist analysis
should know better than that, The
capitalist class owns the whole of the
property on this earth worth owning,
and we who own nothing but our
power to labor have to apply to them
for the permission to live, and as their
factories, etc., must be manned by
laborers, It ls logical to say that lt ls
tne laborers who man the factories
that give them value. And as they
own the factories and we give the
factories their value, then it must
follow that they own us, and owning
us can't they do with us what they
will. They are our masters and we
are their slaves, and pray where do
our rights come In.
The drivelling rot of Saltzman and
the rest of the sentimental Socialists
finds no place ln tbe S. P. of C, nor
ln the writings of Engels and the other
great European writers. Says Engels,
page 40, A. D. "In order that a
science can be made out of Socialism
it Is first necessary that It be placed
a sound basis." This we have
done in Canada, and that Ib what
worries the sentimental crowd
As this Is somewhat long, I will
leave the "Reform" business till next
week, but in conclusion let me say
that Engels hod no use even for the
name Social Democracy. Speaking of
the name Social Democracy he says in
"Internationales aus deni Volksstaat,"
"Nevertheless It always will be IllfHt-
lng for a party whose ultimate aim
Ib to do away with all forms of state,
and therefore also 'democracy.'"
K. ' ■    CHER.
.    |      .11 -I; I. 'I    . ' ' ..I'      .    I     ,1 'JI      |l
No member of a- Socialist party,; Is
in a position to call a non-Socialist
.''Ignorant" if the Idea prevails In his
own mind that h« knows aid there,is
to.kpow about Socialism. , A, good method of preventing the dominaUpn -pt
leaders, is to know, as much as the
next man, you cannot then be led
into channels, that point away from
your Interests.
ay • * ' . •
While a certain Liberal politician
' Was speaking in Prince 'Albert, Sask.,
some Indians in the audience applauded vociferously, i They did not- know
What he said, but it was the one place
fn town where they could raise a racket without being arrested.
-.-    • -a. • i■
The- deficit is still with - us. Unless
you are doing your utmost to make
your paper self-sustaining, you. are
hardly entitled to speak of belonging
to the "Great" Socialist Party. The
Party funds, could be put to much better advantage than assisting to maintain what should be the Party's chief
• •   •
The question ls not so much, what
are we going to do .with the Capitalist,
as what are we going to do with, ourselves! Are the workers going .to
own property, or are they going to continue bolstering somebody else'a ownership. The fact that the workingman
has never owned anything, ia nowhere
so clearly proven as.ln his Inability to
grasp the idea that he, ghoul* own
the -machinery of production. Ths capitalist owns., only by and w|*h jthe
consent of the working class., We. (the
workers) could withdraw that..consent
and;,maintain ourselves ln ownership,
with much less effort and considerably
less expense.     •-    -   n
.. .,: r-^r: M •-;.■■,:-
The,.Grand Trunk Railway System
has recently been, engaged in clipping
pne of, our economic wings., It Is to
be feared, that by the time we feel
)ike flying, our efforts In. that direction
Will be somewhat lame.
'     a .a   a.
M. W. Smith of Beaverdell, B. C,
catches two.      -   >    «
,   ' ' . . *, ..* (* ,     .,   ,   .
Joseph De Mayer, of Stewart, B. .C,
renews and adds another to the list.
». f   a     .-■■•,'.'..,.
hWi-K, Bryce of De Maine,, Sask,
wants the revolution, fostered ln Moose-
Jaw, so he sends two subs.
-■•-,■,.     ■ ■*■•:    •-,      -.-
Burgess of Calgary wants, something
now, that ls, he wants the sub. list
to grow.   He sends in two more.
• •   •
Brantford, Ont.,, Local ls very much
alive. They mean one hundred, slaves
to grasp the significance of working
class politics, and have sent in the
first batch of names.
• *   *
Three to the credit of F. T. Edwards,
Lund, B. C.
• •   •
The measure of your revolutionary
principles is the activity which you
display In spreading them. The most
revolutionary man is he who understands best the position of the workers
in society and tries hardest to make
them understand. Waving a red flag
and making a bjg demonstration may
look very fine, but noise can never
take the place of knowledge, nor know-:
ledge alone, make amends for Inactivity.
• •   •
"Bughouse,"   says "a  little   always
helps," as he drops a dollar ln the
maintenance find.
• • •
Sam Larson, Lethbridge, sends a sub.
and remarks: "Great preparations for
Labor (?) Day celebration here. Wonder how they would celebrate after
they have united on the political field
and voted to cancel the present ownership of the earth."
• •   •
We don't believe ln Individualism,
but we will take them one at a time.
Chas. J. Cox, New Westminster, B.
; Chas. Gtelg, Prince Rupert, B. C.j
A. J. Carter, Fernle, B. O.J Geo. Zim-
mer, Crawford Bay, B. C.i J. A. Peterson, Vancouver; C. M. O'Brien, Blair-
more, Alta.; Clarence V. Hoar, Portland, Me.; W. A. Gray. Oakland, Cal.;
B. Couch Whitehead, Sask,; Mark
W. Prlngle, Shellbrook, Sask.; G. B.
Anderson and Ell Waterson change
their lodgings. How sad, if they should
lose their "homes."
Traoi Marks
copyriqhts ac.
Anyone lending ■■s*lehandS*"*HpMon«*f
qnleklr aaoertaln onr opinion tree whether an
hiT.i.llnnliprrjhnbly-.»lej.ub1aJ----nrnni. -£
tlonn-lrlcll-'oonniKmtUil. HANDBOOK on Pati .1
■out free. OMa-t «a-«licy for 'OonrmgvUf'-j.
I'Monta takon tnrmmli MuiinA Co. taoall
special noM-a, without chnnjo, In In*
Scientific American.
a kaa&mmalr Una-ratal weekly. I*""* «*"■
filiation of any artintllla t°»"»'-„*■»*"• 'g,
Canada, t>>1> a Taai, pinaam prepaid, (old by
SATURDAY, AUGUST 20th, 1910.
Dear Comrade,—I am instructed by
the Resolution Committee of the North
Winnipeg locals, which separated from
the S. P. of C, to ask you to publish
ln the "Western Clarion" the enclosed
reasons for our separation. Trusting
that you will not refuse to give publicity to a eritisism of yourself and your
I remain yours for Socialism,
To the Socialist Party of Canada and
All Whom It May Concern.
At a meeting ot the Rutbenian,
German, Jewish and Lettish locals
on Saturday, July 24th, 1910, a resolution was submitted and adopted that
these same locals withdraw from the
Socialist Party of Canada.
This action is taken, not so much
because of difference of opinion regarding the fundamental basis of
Marxian doctrines, as on the ground
of different views taken respecting
their interpretation and application to
the International working class movement of to-day.
We believe that the tactics adopted
by the S. P. of C. are calculated to
retard rather than advance the inter-;
ests of the movement in Canada. That
this ls the result secured is evidenced
by the alienation of the working class
from the official party in this country,
and the bitter hostility which is manifesting itself in many quarters, not
against the principles of Socialism, but
against the primitive and dogmatizing
-presentation of these principles.
We are of the opinion that the best
interests of the movement to-day demand: 1. The adoption of at constructive policy, and 2, the democratic
management of affairs of the Party—
both of which features are lacking in
the S. P. of C.
The question of immediate demands
is one which has considerably agitated
the 8. P. of C, and the striking contradiction that exists in the Party in
' its different relations as an educator
and when its candidates are elected
to Houses of Legislature appears to
us to be utterly illogical. In its propaganda the party vehemently denounces every attempt to embody Immediate demands ln Its platform and repudiates the idea that any legislation
short of the abolition ot the wage
system can do other than further
enslave the working class, while at
the same time when its candidates
are elected to the Legislature their
whole energy is devoted to securing
legislation of a remedial character in
the interests of the workerB.
Further, we do not agree with the
S. P. of C. in its relations to the
Trades-Unions. No political party has
any just claim'to be considered as the
political expressions of the working
class which holds itself aloof from
working men's organizations that
fight on the Industrial field, much less,
when it adopts a decided attitude of
antagonism toward them. Organized
Labor in Canada is rapidly coming to
the conclusion that it must fight with
the political arm as well as the industrial. While this ls to be welcomed
as a more desirable tendency, it also
carries with it the danger that such
political activity may be based upon
false principles, and drift into an
attitude of compromising with the
political parties of the master class.
Such result can only be regarded as
extremely disastrous to the working
class, and we believe that If right and
sympathetic relations were maintained
between the Socialist Party and Organized Labor that such danger would
be minimized to tha lowest degree.
We also disagree with the S. P. of
C. in its official relation to municipal
affairs. We believe that the Interest
of the working class ls bound up, not
merely with the Provincial and Dominion Governments, but also with the
administration of municipal matters,
This field affords excellent opportunities of doing effective propaganda
work, and we are of the opinion that
the Socialist movement ln Canada, as
ln older countries, should officially
declare for. action within this sphere.
We are at variance with the S. P. of
C. in the attitude it has assumed
toward the International Socialist
Bureau, and the Socialist Parties of
other countries. In this respect it has
become a narrow, sectarian and national party. While continually emphasizing the international character
of Socialism, it has most inconsistently held itself aloof from the I. S. B„
which is representative of Socialist
parties the world over, and has spared
itBelf no effort to discredit the movement elsewhere, while the executive
committee of the S. P. of C. has
always heaped dirt and contempt upon
other Socialist parties, stigmatizing
them as mere reform, compromizing
These constitute a few of the principal grounds of disagreement with
the S. P. of C. which we hold. The
existence of these differences, however, would not of themselves lead us
to separate from the party. The
principal reason for such separation
exists In the fact that we despair of
ever securing a fair hearing under the
present administration. Instead of being democratic, it bas proved Itself
to be arbitrarily despotic, and has
effectively strangled every effort that
has been made to secure a fair estimate of the majority opinion within
the Party on these questions. Since
justice is denied, and since also it
appears hopeless to expect justice, we
take this course, and hereby announce
to all whom it may concern that we
sever our relations with the S. P. of
C, and that we will endeavor to
organize a new party to be known as
the Social-Democratic Party of Canada, bases upon Marxian principles,;
favoring a practical constructive policy, and managed according to democratic ideals.
We take the liberty of appending
hereto a quotation . culled from the
pages of the "Class Struggle," a book
written by Karl Kautsky, the leader
of the revolutionary wing of the
Social-Democratic Party of Germany, a
faithful disciple of Marx, and one of
the most able exponents of Marxian
principles. ,
The worse the condition of the
masses, thought these primitive Socialists, the nearer must be the moment
when their misery would become un-.
endurable, and they would rise and
topple over the social Btructure which
oppressed them. A struggle for the
gradual elevation of the working class
seemed not only hopeless but harmful.
Por any slight improvement that
might be achieved would only tend to
postpone the moment of their uprising,
and, therefore, the moment of permanent release from misery. Every form
of the class struggle which' was not
aimed at the immediate overthrow
of the existing order, that IS, every
serious, efficient sort of effort, seemed
to the early Socialists as 'nothing
more nor less than a betrayal of
humanity. It is now more than fifty
years since this way of looking at
things first made its appearance.
Even to-day it has not died out. It
appears in every land where the proletariat becomes for the first time
conscious of its degraded condition,
and imbued with Socialistic notions,
without at the same time having
reached a clear insight into social
laws and gained confidence in its
ability to carry on.a protracted struggle. It is a children's disease which
threatens every young Socialist movement which has not 'got beyond
utopianism." (Page 197, Charles Kerr's
To those who are closely familiar
with the S. P. of C. this quotation wlll
appear self-interpretative, and comment upon it superfluous.
Secretary: R. A. RIGG
tured a man of straw, a bogey, and
having done so, called upon all good
men concerned for the true advancement of the poor to scream with affright. And to this day honest and
dishonest reformers and palliators
have screamed and fled before the miserable straw stuffed effigy they themselves created.
Small wonder, therefore, that the
workers, fed so long on the diluted
wash that answered for mental food
with propagators of procrastination,
[■should regard with suspicion the real
and satisfying viands (to persist with
the food simile) the Socialist offers
them. ,    .
Had lt been otherwise, had the real
causes of, Snd only remedy for, working class poverty been preached clearly and consistently by those who knew
the truth, we should have a far different tale to tell today. Our tale
would have been of a rapidly growing
and solidly welded working class party
such as few, if any, countries could excel.
I repeat, that the normal mind clear
of the confusion that the dissemination
of futilities has carefully caused, can
easily understand the simple proposition that poverty and misery within
their dally experience is due to the
fact that the wealth they create is not
theirs; that it is not theirs becaube
the land and machinery, by the aid
of which they have been enabled to
produce and distribute wealth, are ln
the private possession of a comparatively few people; that the non-possession of these means of life (by and
through which alone they., can produce
the things necessary to their existence) reduces them to the necessity
of selling the only thing they have
—their power to work—to those who
do possess, the means of life; that
therefore they are themselves nothing
but commodities because they cannot
dissociate themselves from the labor-
power they sell, and are bought and
sold; that just as the price of other
articles ls determined by the supply
of and demand for those articles, so
is the price of labor-power determined;
just as competition causes the price
of other articles to revolve about ^he
cost of their manufacture, so does
competition cause the price df labor-
power to revolve about the cost of Its
manufacture (which is, of course, the
cost of the worker and his family);
that, therefore, the existence, of the
unemployed is necessary to. capitalist
interests, because while the worker
ls flooded with labor competition for
work will keep the price of that labor
(wages) low, and because If labor was
An Indictment of Reform.
(The secession ot those reformers
in Manitoba in order to start a Social-
Democratic Party with a series of "immediate demands" upon their platform
impels me to bring the following before the readers of the "Clarion." It
ls now over 5 years since it was flrBt
published. It appeared in the Socialist Standard for August 1905. It Ib
just as sound now as then.—Moses
•   •   •
We hold and can produce evidence
ad nauseam to show that to focus the
working mind upon two or three or a
dozen palliative proposals, simply
plays the game and saves the face of
the capitalist. Every palliative measure (when they are such) can be conceded to a working class so concentrated, without endangering the central
position. Because, except the workers
are class conscious, they will, and do,
treat such concessions as evidences of
the friendliness and concern ot capitalism for labor. The class position ls,
for a time at any rate, abandoned. The
class struggle ls obscured. That Is
the lesson that the history ot reform
movements teaches. That is the reason
and the only justification for the existence of parties claiming to be Socialist. Moreover, and this point merits
all the emphasis that can be applied to
it, many of these palliatives are directly advantageous to capitalist interest.
In such cases the workers are at the
double disadvantage of being seduced
from their class position and being
the more easily manipulated as instruments of profit production.
On the other hand, with workers educated and organized on the basis of
their class position and alive to the
perennial Irreconcilable antagonism
of interest existing between them and
their exploiters, any palliative measure
secured would mean the strengthening
of their position and the facilitation
of their advance.
To the object that the working
class are not prepared to assimilate
the whole Socialist philosophy, and
must be brought along on the milk of
reform before they can be fed on the
strong meats of revolution, the answer
ls that the comprehension of the simple facts of Socialism involves no
great mental exertion. Indeed, the absorption would have been an exceedingly simple process for the normal
person had not the army of half loaf
politicians and reformers with the
baseless fear of the inability of the
average mind to understand more than
their pottering and pathetic little futilities spread their wares like the peddlers they were ln their hearts, before the untutored gaze of the workers.
Honestly or other wire they manuf Sc
ot the workers Is worse than here.   So
much for their "blessed" reforms.
We still hear the Liberals repeating
the old lie—Free Trade means security for the worker. We have shown
from the returns of their own Labor
Exchanges how prevalent unemployment ls under capitalism. Yet this unemployment exists ln spite of the fact
that more people emigrated from and
fewer Immigrated Into Great Britain
last year than for many years past.
The figures ln the June Issue of the
"Board of Trade Labor Gazette" relating to emigration from Great Britain
and immigration Into Great Britain to
and from countries beyond Europe are:
1909 ,1908
Emigration 474,374       386,411
Immigration 261,325 342,922
The brutal conditions imposed upon
the workers by. the employing class,
Liberal and Tory alike, force them to
leave the land of their birth, to scour
the world in search of a job. They
leave Great Britain, where unemployment, insecurity of life, and poverty
press upon them, to face the same old
'problem" thousands of miles away.
It's the old vain hope of expecting to
do better in a strange land. More than
half the emigrants went to America.
The poverty of the workers there was
depicted in the May issue of the Socialist Standard.
The Liberal papers have been filling
pages with glowing accounts of the fine
opportunities supposed to be awaiting
the workers in the colonies with special reference to Canada, where the
workers (they say) are welcomed with
open arms. Earl Gray, on his recent
visit to this country, has been telling
the same tale. How fraudulent this
emigration campaign is may be appreciated by noticing the fact that on
March 19th, 1910, the Canadian Government issued a new notice making
entry Into the country more difficult
than ever. The new rules, while making more strict the medical and civil
examination, demand that emigrants
should be possessed of from 25 to 50
dollars per head ("their absolute property") according to the time of the
year. Surely If they were really pining
for more wage.-Blaves in Canada they
would not Impose these onerous conditions. Since the new regulations were
made scores of British workers have
been sent back to this country. The
great miners' strike at Glace Bay and
Spring Hill should show how real the
class struggle is In Canada.
Concerning Australia, we have the
testimony of social reformers (Mr. Ben
Tillett and Mr. Tom Mann, for example) who on returning, from there, told
of the fierce struggle to live out there
fore the capitalists whatever their professions, will do naught to materially
affect the unemployed problem. And
finally, and because of all this, the'
only remedy for working class poverty
and the unhapplnesB arising from lt, la
the destruction of the system of the*
private ownership in the means of life
upon which the whole evil rests, and
the substitution of common ownership
and control, that Is ownership and control by the whole people of those
This, we claim, is simple enough for
the wayfaring man though a fool, when
his mind has been cleared of the stumbling blocks assiduously created by
the agents of the capitalist class, acting in that capacity unconsciously or
deliberately. Among these agents we
include of necessity reformers and half
loafers and all others who by act or
word contribute to working class confusion, because they, in so doing, are
butressing the capitalist system which
depends upon working class ignorance.
And that is briefly the explanation
of the clause ln our Declaration of
Principles (at which so many cavil)
whicn gays we are in opposition to all
other political parties, whether averred
capitalist or alleged labor, because, all
as we shew—as we have shown—(see
the manifesto of the Socialist Party
of Great Britain) contribute ln act or
word or both to working class farcical
anti-House of Lords agitation and the
We preach the Class War. We show
that the capitalist as such can never
|have interests in harmony with the
workers as such. We hold up Socialism as the only hope of the workers.
We urge the futility of palliatives (except to the class conscious worker)'
while the central fact remains, unaffected. We refuse to be scared by
the wretched bogey which reformers
have created. We are out to keep
the issues clear as a pike. We preach
Socialism—we of the Socialist party of
Great Britain.
Socialist Standard, Aug. 1905.
scarce Its price would rise, to'tha de-Jv, ^ „„.^„ ov.„00>v „„ ..,„ „r.	
triment of course of profits; that there-1-„ jpite  of  I^abor  Ministries; wages
Socialist Party of Canada
We, tha Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled, affirm '
onr allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong.
Tha present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of tha
meaas ot production, consequently all the products of labor belong ta
the capitalist class. Ths capitalist Is therefore muter; tha warber a
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of tha reins it
government all tha powers of the Stat* wlll be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production aad
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream af profits, snd to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The Interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free frem capitalist exploitation by the abolition ot the ■*. -1 •
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
paint af productlsn. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker ls rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt by
political action.   This is the elsss struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working ...
2. The democratic organization and management of ir .ustry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production tor
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and every mrc
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
ef the working class and aid the workers ln their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the SoclaUst Party is for it; If It will not, tha
Socialist Party ls absolutely opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its hands in such a manner
aa to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
(Continued from Page 1)
made as to the number of persons and
children per room. This leads the
evicted of the Blums to resort to worse
tenements on account of their lack of
resources and therefore the workers
are made more uncomfortable than ever. This ls the logical result of housing reform under capitalism. Most of
the reforms touched upon ln this article exist ln Germany. Labor Bureaux, Unemployment and Invalidity
Insurance, Housing Reforms—all have
flourished for some time past over
there, yet the Libera) Press snd politicians are telling us that the condition
boards, compulsory arbitration, and
many other reforms that misled workers are advocating here. Thfe strike
of miners at Newcastle and Broken
Hill,, of the State employed Sydney
tramway men (to mention only a few)
serve to Illustrate the fact that the
worker who emigrates merely exchanges misery In one place for misery
elsewhere. The May No. of the "Board
of Trade Gazette" states that unemployment ls rife in many leading industries "down under." "United South
Africa" offers little prospect for the
worker. There the black slave has supplanted the yellow one, and the white
slave ls not required because the colored Is cheaper.
The policy of the Liberal Party is
made up of measures all quite as fraudulent as those we have criticized.
Throughout their history they have
been the consistent enemies of the
working class, just as much as the
Tory party. Today both parties are
[eying "reform." This eagerness of the
capitalist class to pass reforms sheds
light upon the real nature of reform
under capitalism. Reforms are favored
by the ruling class for two reasons:
firstly, because their immediate material interests are thereby served, and
secondly, because they can be used to
deceive working men and Induce them
to support capitalist parties. "The
Repeal of the Corn Laws" was passed
for capitalist ends, yet lt was used
to rally to the side of the Liberal
Party, millions of workingmen. Richard Cobden said: "Tbe great capitalist
clasB formed an excellent basis for the
Free Trade Movement, for they had
[liexhaustlble purses which they opened
freely ln a contest where not only their
pecuniary Interests, but their pride as
an order was at stake. (Morley's "Life
of Cobden.")
The evolution of the present system
proceeds faster than the enacting of reform, and even any slight benefit going
to the workers is soon more than cancelled by the operations of capitalist
development. The working class must
learn the simple lesson that while one
class own the means of producing the
necessaries of life, the rest of society
ls enslaved to that class. The Liberal
and Tory parties alike stand for the
maintenance of capitalism, and must
therefore be opposed to us. The members of the working class must join
the proletariat army fighting for political control: the power required in
order that those things necessary for
producing wealth may become the common heritage ot all—be owned In common and administered In the Interest of
ALL. They must come Into the firing
line and usher in a bright and joyful
future for themselves and the race that
Is to be.
In the Socialist Standard
Books of all Kinds
Paine's Age of Reason  ISc
Six Ingersoll Lectures  lie
God and my Neighbor,  1..
Blatchford J, Mc
The Orign of Species, Darwin 15c
"Tokology" or the science of
Sex and Life  1.15
"Nana" by Zola  7le
Merry Tales of the Monks...:.. 71c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
^^RT**IIcI. tie ChUmm of aUaufeetartra.
Bammmta *■• Matt* wh* Ra lixe the adTiaabH-
\iy at havimf Hula- Fat-nt barfs*** trauactcd
t>y*fe**at*a. PnH*-**ary«4vioe Inc. Charge*
"»s. Oat hnrntaft Atrttm scatapen
* - aadWaahiawU-B. D.C, V.SJU
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) 16.00
Membership Cards, each    .01
Duea Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application   blank
par 100    26
Ditto in Finnish, par 100 60
Dltte In Ukranlan, per 100    .50
Constitution*, each      .20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen      60
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
To Canadian Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates we are obliged to make tho
subscription price of the International Socialist Review ln Canada
•1.20 a year instead of 11.01. W*
can, however, male* th* following
special offers:
For 13.00 we will mail three
copies of the Review to on* Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cent* we will mall tea
copies of any on* Issue.
For 13.00 we wlll mall th* Review   one  year  and   the   Chica-f*
Dally Socialist for ono year.
OUBLII a-**. ataWB ft OOXVaUtX
114 West Klnrle St., Chloaco.
305 Cambie Straet
The best of everything properly
Chas. M-t-flcahey, Prop.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Stands for at Llwing
Vancouver Local 867.
*1] If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look iato the question of
doing; your cooking; with a Gas Range.
Telephone yoar address to oar ofiee aad we will sead a man
to mtarare yonr pieaaiats and give yoa aa estimate ai coat of
iautaUiag the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited


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