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Western Clarion Aug 7, 1909

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 TBis is  eng
mnslU 00 Oi
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, August 7, 1909.
subscription Prloe   «■ 11
rn TUB •I.IM
OVERWORKED THEORY OF
OVERWORKED STOMACHS
The cry goeth forth that we eat too
much; and a glance at the pews ot
some of our fashionable churches, or
the stalls of some of our first-class
theatres, might give credit to that
cry. The shapeless monstrosities
which in no small numbers frequent
these places would lead one to Infer
that If much learning had not made
them mad, much feeding had made
them fat. Caesar would adjudge himself in good company li In their
midst.
These men very often fall sick, and
then our wise M.D.'s point warningly
at their sad case and tell the worker
of the evils which arise from overfeeding. I have no desire to follow
in the steps of the worthy M.D.'s. 1
am free with the larder and care not
who knows it. If possible 1 eat when
I am hungry and care not of what
the meal consists. I can fare sumptuously on fish, flesh, fowl or good
red herring. I have lived on two
meals a day for protracted periods,
and have also consumed five "squares"
per day for months at a time. I hold
with the epicureans, "Eat, drink and
be merry, for tomorrow you may have
to buy your own booze."
But many wise people tell us we
eat too much. It therefore behooves
us to examine ourselves. McFadden
and Hubbard are amongst these wise
men, and many centuries ago 'twas
Bald that "wisdom cryeth out on the
streets and no man regardeth lt." So
If these men say truly, let us at least
regard them.
In the current Cosmopolitan, Woods
Hutchinson goes into this subject exhaustively and produces these facts:
"Of the forty-two principle causes of
death in the United States census of
1900, only three are found which are
in any way due or possibly related to
over-feeding — diseases of the stomach, of the liver, and diabetes. Two-
thirds of the deaths due to these diseases have nothing whatever to do
with over-feeding. Those diseases
most often ascribed to over-feeding,
such as gout, dyspepsia, apoplexy,
obesity, etc., are such inslgniflcent
factors in the death rate that they
do not appear at all In the list of
principle pauses. On the other hand,
those diseases which are either directly due to under-feeding or in which the
mortality is highest among those who
are abundantly fed—consumption,
pneumonia, diarrheal diseases, typhoid, and inanition (a polite official
term for starvation) account for a
death roll of 250,000 victims, or nearly
"   ty per cent, of all the deaths."
>ich a sweeping statement absolutely opposed to our philosophers
must give us pause, but when he tells
us that the wealthiest and best fed
clasB have the lowest death rate, the
middle and better fed class an intermediate death rate, and the lowest and
most sparingly fed class have the
highest death rate, we commence to
question the correctness, If not the
sincerity of our philosopher's essays,
He says that "lt is a real surprise
to our smug pseudo-phllathroplsts to
learn from the stern and unimpeachable evidence of the mortality and
morbidity records that the blameless
and frugal poor have the highest
death rate, the highest disease rate
and the lowest longevity rate of any
class ln the community. It is of
course just questionable if they are
surprised; but I have no doubt they
will be surprised to see the Cosmopolitan giving such facts away. Not that
the respectable magazine is telling
secrets out of school, but the comments which Woods Hutchinson is
pleased to make certainly are surprising, and, while warranted, are
also unexpected.
It has long been the rule of popular moralists to point to the appetite
with which frugality was blessed and
contrast it with the antipathy that accompanies prodigality. The country
plough-boy sits down to his bread and
cheese with a test that makes it a
(east and a pleasure, but, alas! the
poor millionaire surfeits before a hundred, dishes, concocted from ingred
ients drawn from the four ends of the
earth, finds eating a task, ay, sometimes even a penance; and even did
he feel inclined to eat, tempted by
the art of a French chef imported at
enormous expense, he finds the most
he can consume is a patent digestive
biscuit, moistened and softened by
meat broth, and, with a rising sigh,
almost amounting to a sob, he remembers the blessed day of his boyhood,
when he fattened on molasses and
corn dodger.
Blessed plough-boy! Wretched capitalist! What has the one done to
obtain such felicity, or the other
omitted doing to deserve such woe?
That may be well and good in song
and story, but It does not pan out
in the world of reality. Certainly a
man has but one stomach, but the
problem of keeping that filled is a
serious one for the plough-boy; and
for the millionaire his problem of
keeping his sufficiently empty to acquire an appetitie is a matter mightily easily solved.
But to return to Hutchinson. He
points out that epidemics .break out
after famines, and that there are a
dozen diseases known as famine
fevers, among which are typhus fever,
cholera and plague, and that "If any
epidemic or widespread disease has
ever resulted from over-feeding or followed on the heels of a too abundant
crop, It has entirely escaped the eye
of medical science." He states that
It is doubtful If growing children and
pregnant women "can be induced to
absorb more real sound wholesome
food than Is good for them. .
Two-thirds of the patients that come
to us as physicians, from whatever
walk of life, are under-fed Instead of
over-fed," is a statement which doesn't
harmonize with the over-feeding cry.
Mere physical ailments are not the
only result of under-feeding. As a
general rule, a healthy mind demands
a healthy body. True, many mighty
minds have inhabited the bodies of
chronic Invalids, Carlyle,-Pope, Johnston and Stevenson for example, but
mind being purely physical is, notwithstanding these and other noteworthy cases, greatly deteriorated by
ill-health and under-feeding.
Dr. L. Wltmer, professor of psychology of the University of Pennsylvania,
has been experimenting on supposed
idiotic children and finds that many
jare suffering from physical defects
which, being removed, alBo removes
the mental aberration. The idiots are
not idiots ln actuality. One case
which he examined of this character
was a little Russian named Fanny,
who had been two years In the first
grade of the public school. She was
pronounced dull, sullen, unable to answer questions, difficult to Interest,
and suffered a good deal from menial
confusion; she had made no progress
during her two years' schooling. Examined by Dr. Wltmer, slip was
found to have "highly defective eyesight, very bad adenoids, and was
deaf." Adenoids are cauliflower-like
growths ln the mouth, which Interfere
with Its proper development and consequently produce many complications. Fanny was fitted with glasses,
taken from home and sent to the
Polyclinic Hospital, where she had the
adenoids removed, and was also operated upon for enlarge tonsils, a result
of the adenoids.
Now let us take a look at the home
(?) Fanny was taken from. "One df
seven children living with their par-
JUSTICE IN VANCOUVER.
Every Eastern tourist who comes to
see the wonders of this great West of
ours should not fall to visit the Vancouver Police Court, and watch how
his Worship, Magistrate Williams, dispenses justice. I am sure they will
agree with me that they have seen
the greatest living wonder.
It Is still In our memory that he
sentenced two young lads for the serious crime of sleeping In a C. P. R.
horse-car, to six months' hard labor;
sent children for a doubtful offence
to the penitentiary for seven years;
a seventeen-year-old boy for taking 80
centB wages coining to him, out of
collected milk money, to nine months'
imprisonment; working men, who
thought they had the same privilege
lo use the streets as the Immigration
Army, to fines up to $100;  and one
marki, of long suffering and starvation,
that he could subsist' two or three
days on 85 cents. Magistrate Williams, in sentencing him to a term of
only two months ln jail with hard labor, commented:
"There Is no need for anybody,
young and able to work, to go around
Vancouver with only 85 cents in his
pockets. There is lotB of work for
everybody."
Who said, that poverty is not a
crime? I doubt If Mr. Williams ever
Investigated the condition of the labor market in Vancouver; if he did,
he wonld be careful not to make statements of this kind. Large numbers
of slaves standing in front of the offices of employment sharkB, eager to
buy a master at any price.
I would like to draw his attention
to a letter signed by a great number
of men sent to Vancouver absolutely
murderous attack on" an old man, to
jail for the long term of one month.
I was at a loss to explain how it
was possible that a monster of his
type could All the bench, even in Vancouver. I am convinced that he could
not hold his position in Russia, if I
interpret the spirit of the workers in
that country correctly.
Last Monday I gained an explanation by a decision handed down, in
which he showed plainly that he is a
valuable tool of the class that rules
and robs us, and they can ill-afford to
lose him. After disposing of a number
of drunks by sentencing them to fines
ranging from 12.50 to $5.00 (in this he
seemed to weigh justice by color-
Indians $5.00, whites $2.50), the case
that I wish to refer to was called. A
criminal about 22 years of age had to
defend himself against the charge or
being a vagrant and without visible
means of support.
"Not guilty, your honor," came the
low reply tn answer to the usual interrogation. "At the time of my arrest I was in possession of 85 cents,
and this amount is sufficient to keep
me for a day. I have work to go to,
and was working on the day of my
arrest."
I should judge by the appearance of
the    prisoner,    who showed  all the
ruffian (Imported) by the C. P. R. to, _^^^__
work during the strike, who made a''>enniles8 from  Dawson' wnere  sou»
kitchens are flourishing at this time
of the year to keep the unemployed
there alive, and wish to see that master who would like to have that culprit
in the dock, on Monday, wrecked in
the prime of his life, for a gift.
While the famous Magistrate, in his
recent decision, left a doubt as to the
amount of necessary cash protecting
slaves from his clutches, the advice
to come only armed with a well-filled
bankbook ls hardly out of place. The
Vancouver "World," a self-posed labor paper, which devotes a whole
page every week in the Interests of
wage-earners, commented editorially
on the fairness of (Judge) Williams
because he fined himself the enormous sum of five dollars for driving
his stink machine at a dangerous
speed in the limits of this city.
One cannot help feeling contempt
for a mental prostitute like the
"World's" editor and a working class
which supports sheets of that type
and makes it necessary to nourish
their own paper on charity.
Comrades, build up your own press
and help to hasten the day when a
system which produces millionaires,
tramps, and Williamses, will be put
out of commission.
Yours for the Dust Up,
H. NORMAN.
"SOCIALISM WOULD
DESTROY THE HOME"
"REVOLUTIONS ARE NOT MADE BY LAW
(Karl Marx, "Capital," Vol.    I.,    page 823.)
rooms up an alley. In the living-room
of the house stands a table covered
with black oil cloth, on which plates
of brown bread and glasses of tea are
exposed throughout the day to dirt
and flies. No meals are prepared.
When the children are hungry they
help themselves to what may happen
to he on the table." Taken from this
hell-hole called home, and placed
where she could get "nourishing food,
baths, massage, fresh air, exercise,
and friendly care," she rapidly learned
to read and write, and, while a second
operation wm performed, owing to the
The things we believe in and the
manner used to express our ideas are
to us the alpha and omega of everything. ;"Why!" Because all men are
egotists, and being egotists refuse to
relinquish their pet theories until
forced to do so by superior reasoning
or economic conditions.
How delightful lt would be to row
in the same boat    with    everybody,
reappearance of the adenoids, she is
now making the progress of a normal
child. She has not had to be sent
back home (?) because the Influences
there would undo most of the work accomplished."   Blessed are the poor.
Another case turned over to Dr.
Wltmer was a supposed mental and
moral degenerate, biting, scratching
and kicking everyone who came near
her at school upon small provocation.
Hubbard would doubtless have pronounced lt a case of too much bull
meat. Not so Dr. Wltmer; he gave
her a doll—"the little girl went almost
wild with delight—she had never had
a toy in her life." And this was all
the medicine she received, toys and
good treatment. In a few weeks she
was at school, making good progress,
and gives ample promise of showing
a fine efficient womanhood." Man
does not live by bread alone, nor children, either.
No, my dear old Mother Hubbard
ents and a dog in two nine by fourteen land all the rest of the noble army of
faddists, over-eating ls not the trouble,
nor yet bullmeat, but slurry, wage-
slavery, and the cure ls the social
revolution. I am Inclined to place you
all ln the same category as the1 poet
and priest. According to Dr. Hutchinson, "The much vaunted blessings of
poverty exist only In the imagination
of poets, if Indeed they have not been
Invented by both poet and priest for
the purpose of making tho less fortunate classes better satisfied with 'that
station ln life to which it ha* pleased
Cod to call them'.'
J. H.
Single Taxers, Populists, Christian
Scientists, Evolutionists, et al. What
a grand array it would make. A conglomerate mass of discontents, starting from nowhere and ending ln tbe
same place. Grounded on nothing except sentiment, Indulging in a superabundance of hot air that excuses the
lack of knowledge.
Old age pensions, eight-hour days,
compensation, land value taxation, or
any other taxation, are only reforms,
whether mothered by the Socialist
Party, or the capitalist parties. Any
legislator, of any party, of any country, who hoodwinks you with the Idea
that reforms can remedy the evils of
the present system, Is a greater enemy to the working class than one
who refuses absolutely to give them
anything.
A person can in a great many cases
hide the ravages of some malignant
disease. Likewise a system of robbery can be leformed to look like a
genuine undertaking, but la both
cases the Inevitable day arrives when
they both stand forth as they really
are, and your idols He shattered as
relics ot wasted effort.
This ls the era of revolution, the
dawn for the working class. The
night of reform has passed into oblivion to give place to bigger and
brighter things more In harmony with
the broad outlook of that new force,
the power of the working class.
The present capitalist system has
completed Its cycle, and, like the other
Bystema which preceded it, has procreated Its embryo, tbe instrument of
its own destruction and regeneration.
The feudal system gave birth to Industrial capital, thai giant octopus
whose lnsatlnele maw crushed the individuality out of humanity, made
them the creature of things, and forced their obedience to its demands.
Created from robbery, and fed upon
the same thing, it became the God of
respectable society, forcing every one
under penalty of death, to acknowl-
"Soclallsm would destroy the home."
Of course It would, repeats the non-
thinker, 'cos Mr. Wisehead says so.
Funny people there are on this
planet anyway—Try this as a mathematical puzzle.
If an individual works fifteen hours
for three pence (6c) an hour all the
year round with but the afternoon of
Christmas Day for a holiday, how long
would lt take him to furnish a four
roomed house' with decent furniture
allowing 50c a day for fixed expenses?
The best replies will receive as reward a copy of the issue of "Tit Bits"
of July 3rd as this journal Is responsible for the statement regarding the
above amount that is to-day paid to
many shop assistants.
Socialism would breed immorality
because its followers preach the doctrine of free love." Extract from Tit
Bits reads: "It is stated that there
are hundreds of young girls living (?)
(save the mark, it's mine) in London
on a salary of £8 (about $39.00) per
annum, and the problem of providing
dress and other necessities and getting recreation and amusement out of
sixpence (12c) a day is certainly one
not easy to solve" No, and there are
hundreds who will offer mawkish sympathy, who Inveigh against the efforts
of those that assert that the only way
to end this slavery is by the overthrow
of the present system. And many of
the unfortunate victims themselves
have become so supine that they will
shrink from those who urge them to
study the cause of their condition, preferring to creep or crawl rather than
stand upright.
All sing "Rule Britannia" particularly yelling the part "Britons never
shall be slaves" "Shop assistants
must live in, to which objection is
raised because It gives the employer
the right to dictate how at least half
the salary of his employee shall be
spent. It is also much easier to keep
people working overtime during busy
hours when they have no distance lo
go when work is over." Fra Elbertus
of Roycroft please note that these
people don't look at the clock, neither
do they get promotion, and if an employee dare to assert that he Is only
willing to give 16 oz. to the lb. of his
time or 12 inches to the foot of his services, he is very likely to learn something of the subtleties of business "respectability" when he applies for a
position  with some other institution.
"Furthermore the shop assistant
complains lhat it prevents him from
marrying ami forming a home of bis
own, for firms cannot afford to have
their rooms unoccupied, and when engaging assistants preference must always be given to the unmarried man
who consents (Ha! Ha! Ha!) to take
board and lodging as part of his salary." Socialism would mean paternal-
aism and the destruction of Individuality," and yet many of these same shop
assistants, iioor deluded starvation-
line hangers-on, consider themselves- a
few notches above the 'laboring classes." It were to laugh If the tragedy
attendant was not of daily occurrence.
"Socialism would destroy Incentive."
Let's hope it would forever relegate
to limbo all inceptive alluded to as
per the following:
"In multiple shops, that Is, shops
owned by one firm, lt is by no means
an uncommon thing for Inspectors to
be sent around to report direct any
breach of rules or bad work-which they
may witness, • * * and the work
of these spies will ln turn be spied
upon by others, but, In the words Ot
one window dresser,' 'It is shabby, Underhand work; but if I dld'nt do It I
should get the sack, as I also ant
watched by other men over me.'
Lovely, beneflclent system! And
yet they who suffer these Indignities
in many cases deserve all they get it
they will persistently refuse to look
into the bottom cause of lt all. The
poor deluded creatures, far worse oft
than chattel slaves actually treat
themselves to the luxury of "great In'
dlgnalion amongst shop assistants by
the practice of searching them when
they leave the place."
These extracts certainly prove that
it is high time that the shop assistants
took a tumble and, whilst lt would be
the height of folly to call themselves
Socialists without studying the philosophy, yet their stupidity ls parallel
if they refuse to investigate with a
view to getting knowledge of how to
effect their ireedom from the thraldom
of capitalism.
To summarize, there is no Intention
on the part of Ihe writer to point to
the workers of Great -Britain so that
Invidious comparisons may be made,
not at all. However, In face of these
articles printed In a weekly, which
cannot he considered as tinctured with
anything but capitalism, he who runs
may read, In large glaring type, that
the class struggle is no figment of the
imagination but a concrete fact.
"The Interest of the employer and
employee are Identical," hence the
former does not permit the latter to
marry, knowing that in all probability
progeny would result and, as he is opposed to child lubor, takes a kindly
(?) thought of the well being of pos-
edge Its sovereignity.    The private
ownership of the' means of production |
has outgrown  ils usefulness, antl   ln
conformity with nature'B laws must goi terltyi
down and out.    Collective ownership |    Workers of all lands open your eyes,
ls ihe heir-apparent to private proper- ]>ut on your thinking capB and fight
ty, and force is the midwife of this old | for the emancipation of your class.
Bociety pregnant with the new one.
Economic forces operate on "things,"'
N. TH. T.
recognize no law, either human or
divine, scatter the decrees of man like
the wind does the leaves; ask not the
right or the wrong, but demand the
Bit.
The education derived from having
members In our houses of legislation
is a sufficient excuse for their presence, but my sigh goes out to those
who, Intoxicated with dreams of a future, permit their judgment to admit
of the probability of society peacefully transforming itself by the aid of
laws. Those who believe in the power of law to emancipate the workers,
are not revolutionists, but reformers.
Revolutions are not peaceful things,
much as we might like to have them
so. The past is our only guide that
Informs us of stupendous changes,
and Its lessons do not spetl peace, but
war.
Let us admit the truth even if we
do lose votes, and not waste our time
and energy ln a vainglorious attempt
at leading the working class to believe
ln the ballot as the end of their trouble, sut only as a means of forcing
the hand of the master class.
—W. H. S.
GRIST  TO   HIS   MILL.
The following Is n faithful translation into Bngllsh of the language of
the Illinois "Slaats Zletung," a capitalist paper of European experience.
"We have always been of the opinion that it takes the devil to drive out
Beelzebub, With that, Socialism must
be fought with Anarchy. The same
as the corn louse and similar Insects
are driven out by Betting against thein
other insects that devour them and
their eggs, so Bbould tho state clutl-
vale and rear Anarchists In tho principal nests of Socialism and leave to
the Anarchists the work of destroying
Socialists. The Anarchists will do the
work more effectively than either
police or district attorneys."
World tours are now all tbe rage In
Labor's realm. Gompers has gone to
Europe. Henderson and Crookes are
to come to America. Ramsay Mac*
donald Is going to India. Hodge is to
go abroad for his health. Labor leading Is an occupation that seems to
bave its compensations. TWO
THE   WESTERN   CLARION.  VANCOUVER   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Hh festers Clarion
»nl>li«heil every Saturday by tha
Socialist Party of Canada, at the Offloe
tt the Waatern Clarion, Flack Blook
ISHmmit, IBS Haatlng-a Street, Vanoon-
rex, B O.
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TU  WMTIU  CLAXXOV,
Bos 836. Vanoouver, B. C.
640
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your wbecription expires ths
next issne.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 7TH, 1909.
THE   WHITE   MAN'S   BURDEN.
bony, famine-stricken corpses by the
wayside were the mute witnesses, not
that Nature was unkind or the soil unfruitful, nor that they had produced
too little, hut that "we" had taken too
much. The victims, not of the inscrutable will of an all-wise Allah,
but of inunjer most foul by an Insatiate merciless Mammon, whose
faithful, misguided tools we were; to
whom the "glory of Empire" is measured but in terms of profit and loss;
whose altars must be smeared with
reeking profits at all costs; profits, In
the production of which, peoples, both
backward and too forward, must be
.compelled to "co-operate," .even by
means of methods "neither peaceful
nor painless."
Yoke-fellows, take heed. This is no
stage revolution that approaches. The
walls of the modern Jericho will not
fall before the trumpet blast. The
new Society will be born, but with al!
the throes of child-birth. The beast
Capitalism is not to be appeased by
any sop of "compensation," nor cajoled Into self-immolation by granting
suicidal concessions in the way of
palliatives. He must be met and beaten with his own weapons, the strong
arm of the Law backed by the body
of Might. Let us never forget that
he alone who is best prepared for
conflict may count on going his way
in peace.
LONDON, July.27.-rnBig British busl-
..ness interests .arejii^ a ,panic today
,,orer the threatened,.boycott.of English
goods |n India, ..even., more than .they
..are over  the , antl-B,rit4sh  demonstra-
jtion planned 'throughput the  country
...Apgust 7.
, If the boycott could.be made permanently effective England might still be
. able to hold India, but. It is doubtful if
It would be worth holding.   The country has wonderful'resources.of Its own
and enterprising German, French and
; Chinese firms are keen to break the
-English monopoly .of trade there.
Native professors,of the leading Indian colleges are .publicly advocating
the anti-Hritish movement and . are
urging the people, to join the,boycott.
Ajit Singh, deported at the same time
as. the famous disturber, Lala Lajpat
Bai, and subsequently allowed to return, and Arabinde Chezo, , another
widely known anti-English agitator,
are. going through, tfie country preaching, passive but stubborn resistance to
British  authority.
Sedition continues to spread.   While
, ihe India office (n London was at first
disinclined (o take (the situation seriously, the veiled threat by Sir Norman
Baker, who recently told (he- Bengal
.council that, if the Indians did not cooperate with  the   government, .there
would still be a so|ut|on, but neither a
peaceful nor a painless one, has shown
the government officials that Englishmen on the ground do not regard It
' lightly.—Vancouver .-WJprjd.
•   *   •
We reprint the.a,bove In full,, as lt
contains some significant. Items. In
the first place, we,have here »,n Illustration of political actipn being taken
without any Parliament. The natives
Df India are reyoltlng against British
role. Governed by a bureaucracy, they
have no parliamentary method of expressing their will, they must there-
fort perforce express it )n some other
mannf. What they aim at is the
overthrow of British political supremacy. Hence their .line of action, however "direct" It may seem, Is none the
ten political action. Also, as Sir Norman Baker intimates, the British gov-
. eminent ls preparing to take political
action with Its armed forces to maln-
' tain Its sway.
However, the best, morsel of the despatch is the suggestion that "If the
.Boycott could  be made  permanently
'affective, England might still be,able
to: hold India, but It is doubtful If it
would be worth holding."
8o this is the '.'White Man's Bur-
•Jen?" Burdened not with spiritual
salvation, nor with material welfare,
tat with wares to Bell. Great Is Capitalism, and Idlopy.
Confession Is good for the soul, so
let us confess, (hat others may heed
and take warning.) After many years
ln India, after being visibly Impressed, sorrowful, wishful that we could
avert such happenings, at the sight of
conspicuously bony—more than semi-
nude— brown corpses . by the high
road, we, yet absolutely blind as to
causes, religiously held that "we"
(Heavens! "WE") were in India "for
the good of the natives." An .opinion
tn which we were encouraged by our
favorite authors and newspapers, clever, well versed, and intensely patriotic, and by the wild madness of the
Hindu versus Mahotnedan yearly riots
of the Mohurrum. Full of appreciation of "our" duty towards these helpless,' unfortunate heathen, and of admiration of "our" devotion to thai
duty^ "we," sweltering in  the  muggy
Jieat, fever-stricken and cholera-
threatened; baiid of heroic exiles from
the "tight little isle" we called home,
bearing nobly the White Man's Burden.
Later to learn, as the above despatch tells, that "we" were holding
India but to hold lt up. That "our"
anxiety lest the Russian invader
should conquer and oppress India, was
but the reflex of an anxiety lest they
and not "we" should exploit India's
Industrious multitude.   That that the
THE CAPITALIST.
Capitalists are those who own capital. That is all that makes them capitalists. Apart from their capital they
are just ordinary human beings and
do not particularly Interest us. As
capitalists they have no other attributes than their ownership of capital
and perform no other function but to
own capital.
Not all.seeming owners of capital
are capitalists, however. Small contractors, merchants, farmers, etc., may
hold title deeds to capitalist property,
But in nine cases out of ten they are
compelled to surrender what surplus
value flows into their hands to those
"higher up." They are merely proxies
for capitalists—stewards of the real
Owners.
, Capital Is property In the means of
wealth production when used to exploit labor. Capitalists are enabled to
exploit labor by compelling the workers to sell their labor-power to them
The workers are compelled to Bell
their labor-power as lt Is of no use to
them, they qwnlng no means of production, and having nothing else to
sell to obtain the necessities of life
The capitalists, therefore, owning or
controlling the means of production,
and having bought the labor-power
used in production, own the wealth
produced. Thus they own capital
merely in order to exploit the workers of the wealth they produce.
It becomes clear, therefore, that the
value of capitalist property to the cap
itallst lies merely In the fact that it
enables them to exploit the workers,
and each property is of greater or
less value according to the greater
or less degree of exploitation lt will
further earn. The land, the buildings, the machinery, are not themselves the valuable quantity, but only
their function as a means of exploitation. Their value lies in that they
endow the capitalists with the right
[o purchase at will the labor-power
Of every member of the working
class. As their labor-power ls their
physical energy this, virtually amounts
to,a right to purchase, fdfc.a shorter or
longer period, every member of the
working class, _
. If, therefore, the. workers are emancipated frpm this condition, capital at
pnee ceases to exist. The capitalists
are dead. Tbe individuals may still
contlnua to live, and lt may even be
necessary to provide against their
starving to death, if that be deemed
advisable. But certainly In no way
can they be compensated. To compensate them for their property at its
value as capital, that ls, to the extent
to which It enabled them to exploit
the workers, Is, clearly, merely to
change the form of the workers' enslavement, without in the least changing its substance.
■ There Is really no case for compensation, as ln the first place there Is
nothing to compensate'with, and then
there ls nothing to compensate for.
All that the capitalists have that ls of
any value to them is the right to purchase the workers. Are we, then, to
buy our freedom, after we have been
compelled first to win It?
THERE   ARE   OTHERS.
promoters from Foxyville, of whom
more later. Admission, four bits and
up.
, In Seattle there was a dancing contest. As to which was the best dancing set, was decided by vote, at so
much per vote. There was great rivalry between the "acknowledged
queen of Seattle Society" (capital S,
please), whose name we forget, and
a would-be queen who is alleged to
have been snubbed by the former.
Her name we remember, as her hubby is one of the younger Guggen-
heims. It is not recorded which of
the rival ladles' sets danced the better, nor even whether they danced
well, indifferently, or ill. The merits
of the dancing seem to have had nothing to do with the decision of the
question: Who danced the best? As
we said before, it was decided by
vote. Both sides polled well. Each
voted thousands of dollars. The Guggenheim forces had the more thousands and so, when the ballots were
counted, Mrs. Guggenheim's set were
acclaimed the best dancers! The former queen ls dethroned and disgraced. The new one has more money to
spend.
"Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign o'er us."
We are told that the whole affair
was a huge success for Charity. Well,
we don't know what were the rules
of the game In Seattle. In Vancouver,
we understand that the promoters got
fifty per cent, of the gross receipts.
Out of the other fifty per cent, the
expenses were paid and the Associated Charities got the overs.
Puzzle—Find the suckers.
ipulaies for its own benefit and its
own purposes all the sources of supply and which is even represented lu
the council's of the state itself. Oil
the other side there Is the needy and
the powerless multitude, broken
down and suffering, ever ready tor disturbance."
Here, indeed, we have a yery clear
pen picture of the class war„ Could
any Socialist wish for a better definition? And yet some of our class deny
its existence. Surely there are none
so blind us they who will^not see.
T. Al. T.
--'"' ■'   '•'
SATURDAY, AUGUST 7TH, 1909.
Kvrry Local of the Socialist Party ot
Canada should run a card under this bead
Sl.il'l per month.     Secretaries please note.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. 1>. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
POPE LEO XIII. AND THE WORK
1NG CLASS.
The accounts of Seattle's "klrmess"
have filled us with joy, for they have
further assured us that not quite all
the suckers are in the working class;
there are others.
No, the klrmess Is not a drink, nor
a cheese. It is an entertainment given
by the cream of society for sweet
charity's sake. We didn't take In, or
rather were not taken in by the Vancouver klrmess. We were hugely entertained, nevertheless. But the Seattle one was the best.
The klrmess is composed of choral
singing, co-operative dancing and
drills by amateurs from the West End
under  Ihe  direction  of    professleaal
Having received for pur perusal an
extract from an encyclical $f Leo XIII.
with the request to pronounce judgment on the soundness of the economic doctrines of same, we exerted
ourselves to the extent of obtaining
an authorized copy of the p.-.per In
question and found that it was dated
1891 .and entitled, "The Condition of
the Working Class."
We confess to being very much astonished at the generalities contained
therein, but still more are we aston
lsbed at the idea of an "infallible
Pontlfex Maximus" attempting to
square.a circle.   Listen!
"Ib it just that the fruit of a man's
own sweat and labor should be possessed by anyone else? As effects
follow their cause, so it is just and
right that the remits of labor should
belong to those wiio have bestowed
their labor."
No, my dear departed Pope, you are
slightly off the track. You forget ln
your ravings that "justice" is a variable quantity, and is only to be measured according to the conditions surrounding that quantity under discussion. The present social structure is
based upon robbery. Every man who
works for a master is obliged by economic law to surrender part of the proceeds of his labor-power; this you very-
well know, without drawing too heavily upon your fund of inspiration, and
consequently when you enunciate such
propositions as the above, you are
enunciating a lie, and what Is more,
you know, it. It Is just, absolutely
just, because society insists on its
righteousness. The force necessary
for the upholding of that Ideal is there
and strongly in evidence, and, strange
to relate, you are one of its most
prominent tools.
Again we find: "It may be truly
said that it is only by the labor of
workingmen  that  states  grow  rich."
Now, my dear Pope^how is lt that
states grow rich out of the labor of
workingmen? How Ib It that the
workingman remains poor, while
states grow rich? Surely, states must
be parasites In every sense of the
word. How about the Papal States In
which the apostolle wisdom of your
predecessors showed to such advantage. Did the workingmen grow rich?
Like hell, they did. I have lively
recollection of reading about the condition of the working classes in that
God-ruled land. How was It that the
Papal States was easily the largest
blot on the face of European civilization? Surely, with all that amount of
Divine Inspiration, human sagacity
and apostolic pomposity your predecessors should have made a better job of
it than they did.
But we must not waste too much
time over such drivel as ls included
In this wonderful letter. One point
has Interested us more than any other,
though, and Is surely a lesson to the
weak-kneed in these days of would-hp
"reformers."
There are many people claiming lo
be Soclalisls who deny the existence
of a class war. Included in this category are such tun as Keir Hardle, Ram-
Bay Jlacdonald and ln fact nearly all
the English Labor men. To them In
particular and all such in general we
commei il the thoughtful study of the
following extract;
"On the one side there is the party
which holds power because it holds
wealth; which has in its grasp the
whole o- luser aud trade; which man-
THE  DEHUMANIZED TRUST.
The Amalgamated Association of
Steel Workers Is still fighting the
trust and since the strike was declared July 1st, organized labor In the
East has been taught some lessons.
Some five years ago when the storm
of battle raged ln Colorado, the labor
press of the Eastern states frequently
declared that the bull-pen and deportation would never gain a foothold as
in the West, but In the strike of the
steel workers, the officials of the Amalgamated Association have been mobbed by the hired thugs of the trust
and deported. The members of organized labor In the East are commencing to realize that capitalism in its
greed; for profit, will hesitate at no-
crime and that the most brutal methods will be utilized to drive the slaves
into absolute peonage. Last week a
Catholic priest gave an interview to
the press and his statements relative
to the monstrous infamy of the steel
oligarchy should arouse the men and
women of this country to proclaim
eternal death to private monopoly.
The following fs quoted from the
press:
"Pittsburg, Ba., July 20— The Rev.
Father A. F. Toner, pastor of St.
Mary's Roman Catholic church of
Pittsburg, Issued a startling statement
to-day regarding conditions of former
working, men of the Pressed Steel Car
Company plant, where almost 10,000
are now out on a strike.
"Father Toner has been at McKees
Rocks for nineteen years. He characterized the plant as "a slaughter
hous and a thousand tidies worse."
"Men are persecuted, robbed and
killed," he said, "and their wives are
abused In a.manner worse than death
—all to obtain or retain positions that
barely keep starvation from the door.
"The place is. a pit of Infamy where
men are driven lower than the degradation of slaves and compelled to sac
rlflce -their wives or daughters to the
villainous foremen and little bosses to
be allowed to work. I was allowed to
enter the plant at my will a few years
ago, but I saw too much of the mall
cious crime perpetrated daily, and the
gates are closed on me. It Is too horrible to discuss.
Dead Bodies Kicked Aside.
"It ls a disgrace to a civilized country. A man ls given leas consideration
than a dog and dead bodies are simply
kicked aside while the men are literally driven on to their death. Tho
grafting and stealing by the bosses
and other higher officials is not- par
alleled  to  my knowledge.
"For a few years after the plant was
■tfpened members of the company visited me at my bouse and we were on
most friendly terms. But men were
being killed dally. Their bodies simply disappeared,,and when I began to
make some comment I was denied admission to the grounds.
"I asked for a pass to go through
the plant, and It was promised me
a Bcore of times/but It never came.
I finally became disgusted and sought
to ascertain just what was going on
inside the board fence. These are
some of the things I discovered:
Scores Killed.
'.'Scores of men ..were being killed
and no record made of their death, or
any legitimate disposition made of
their bodies. It Is,my Impression that
they were ,never taken outside the
plant.
"The bosses compel the workmen to
send cases of beer and boxes of provisions to their homes every week to
hold  their positions.
"I made frequent attempts to get to
the company and offer the cemetery
of my church for free burial of men
whose families were unable to pay the
funeral expenses. I.was turned away
with abusive remarks and told that
there ls no need of my cemetery.
I know dt several Instances when
men have been killed like dpgs. Their
fellow workmen wanted to send the
body home, but the foreman merely
rolled it to one side and ordered the
men to go on with their work, trampling over the body for an entire day
before it was taken away. The company had the men so cowed down that
they had no spirit and were allowed
fewer rights than slaves."
Men may boast of the power and influence of a Christian civilization, but
where Is the influence of the church
when such soulless outrages of this
trust Is portrayed by a man who is endeavoring to preach the doctrines of a
Christ? We may boast of a "government of the people, by the people and
for the people," but such a boast Is
but a burlesque on a tragedy.—Miners'
Magazine.
• «.  illfinisjsl.
Socialist Directory
BBITI8R      COLUMBIA     FBOVIKCIAI,
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836. Vancouver. B. C.
ALBBBTA PBOVIHCIAX, EXBCUT1TB
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement In the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box   i|    Calgary, Alta.
MANITOBA      ntOTUrCIAX,      BZBCV-
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. w. James, 336 Hargrave st
Winnipeg,  Man.
OBTABIO   PBO-nVOXAL    BXECUTIVE
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Av«, Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary, wo Pape Ave.;
G. Colombo, Italian Org., 224 chestnut St.
LOCAL VAVCOVTSB, BO. 1, «. ». OF
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West
F. perry. Secretary, Box 83s.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, B. 0., NO. 45, FINNISH
—Sleets every second aud fourth Thursday in
the month at 151 Hustings St. W. Secretary,
Matt Manilla.
............ , Wi
-LOCAL BOSSLABO, No. 36, 8. P. OP C,
meet! ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:80 y. m. A. McLeod, Secy,, P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets ln Finlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
766 Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL  POST  MOODT,   B.   0.,  HO.  41,
■. T. of C—Business meetings first
Sunday In each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
LOCAL PK1NCH RUPERT, B C -Meets every
Snuday at 8 p. m., on the street corner*-and
various halls. J B. King, Sec.
LOCAL LADTSMITX BO. 10, ». T. OP
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Williams, Sec., Ladysmith, B. C
LOCAL IIKRLIN, ONT., NO 4 S. P. OF C-
meeta every second and fourth Wedmsday
evening, at 8 p.m., 55 King St, east opposite
Market Hotel H. Martin, Secyl»6: Weber St.
eiist.
LOCAL HBLBOB,  B. P. OP O., KBSVI
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Mlnera' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. -Austin, Secy.
LOCAL PHOBBIX, BO. 8, I. P. OP O.,
meets every Sunday at 8:31) p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Matt Hatliday, Organiser
H. K. Macinuis, Secy,
LOOAL CALOABT, ALTA., BO. 4, B. T.
ot C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room, McTavlsh Block,
817 Second St. E. Opposite Imperial Ho.el
Freds. Faulkner, Org., Bex 647; J. Bibbs
Secy., Bex 647;     -
LOOAL BBLLBYBH, ALTA., BO, W,,«.
P of C, meets every llrst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOOAL- TXCTOBXA, BO. 9, ■. P. OP 0.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Orand 1
Theatre.
'aa' Mclndoe, Secy.   Room  1, 1,119 Govern
meut St.
LOCAL HABAXXO, BO. 3, ■. P. of O.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock}
Jack Place, Rec. Secy.,  Box 826.
LOCAL   PBBBXB,   I.   P.   of   O,   HOLDS
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave.. Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business meeting llrst Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec. Box 164.
LOCAL OXBBBWOOD BO. 9, M. P. O*
C meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
Tem.
LOOAL TBBBOB, B. O, BO. 38, M. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
In Tlinmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Oeo. W. Paterson, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOCAL BEVBLITOXS, B. ©., BO. 7, I.
P. of O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m.. the fourth Thursday of each month in lodge room over
old post offlce, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Dayman,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organiser.
LOCAL     COLBXAB,     ALTA.,     BO.     t.
Meeta every Sunday night in the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOCAL EDMONTON, ALTA., BO. 1, A
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at? (
p.m., In Trades and Labor Hall,
Fourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
LOCAL WXBBXPBa, ■. P. OP C. XSAB-
quarters Kloudyke block, comer of Pacific
and Kiug Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummings, Organizer.
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 336 Maryland
street.
LOOAL TOBOBTO, ». P. OP C—BBO-
lish   Branch. Business    meetings
first and third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St
Speakers supplied or shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Cor responding Sec., A.
Lyon, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOOAL COBALT, BO. 9, «. P. OP a
Propaganda and business meeting*
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Minora'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley. Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL MONTHS AT,, QUI., BO. 1, Jfc
P. of O.-—Meets in Labor Hall. St
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Heaequarters No. 1 St. ( liarles liurroinee fit
Otto Jahn Secretsay, 528 Chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Columbia
Executive Board Member •/       •      Wm. Davidson, Sandon
DISTRICT ASSOCIATION   NO. 6.
President
Vice-Preiident
Secretary-Treasurer
Jne. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thoi. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
No,      Name
Meeting
Night
Sec'y.
P.O.
Box
Add.
At"n   	
Camborne ....
Orand Forks..
Greenwood  ...
Hedley    .'
Kaslo   	
Kimberly
Lardeau   	
Marysvllle
M. & 8. U.
Moyie	
Nelson   	
Phoenix	
Rossland
Sandon	
Sllverton   	
Slocan   	
Texada    [,
Trail M oc M..
tt Ymir
Wed
Wed
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Tat
lit
at
ton
Wed
 C. Oalrns	
Wm. Wlnslow James Tobln	
Patrick O'Connor IW. K. Hadden	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T.  H.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews.. H. T. Rainbow	
Joe Armstrong A. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B.  Lundln  	
Malcolm McNeill.
Paul   Phillips	
R. Sllverthorn...
J. A. McKinnon..
L. R. Mclnnls...
Robert Malroy...
Blair Carter	
O.  B. Mcintosh..
Wm.  Hesketli	
A. Burgess	
J. Hays 	
1 antes Roberts 
I\ Phillips	
W. A. Plckard...
Geo. Oasey	
A.   Shilland	
Fred Llebscher..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.  B. Mclsaac.
12
124
42
391
O
12
«S»»
Discovery
Camborne
M Grand  Forka
"' Greenwood
Hedley
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Mary* villa
Moyie
Nelson
Phoenix
■■land
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
Van Anda
Trail
Ymir
1 '
36
108
284
•a
86
90
888
377
606
NEW SOCIALIST GAME
"Tin Class Struggle" 08;^.,^t
sH,axte.'iJSitu,ioy.:'i'j>x,!a..imt.obi.„.,iii
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Jos  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puoluessta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"Tyokanja"
Bnx 197, Port Arthur, Ont.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Mikua alnoMtun, $1.50 vioiikerti
"Vittljuki" Maksaa, $1.25
Large Photos of Local Vancouver's Picnic at 75c, from Headquarters. H. Norman, P.O. Box 886.
,mi.   i in   . J''i.i.
Practkil BMt
aid Shot Miktr
Hand-Made Bqpta and  Shoes to order In
all atyles.  Repairing promptly and neatly
ly dene.    Stock  of staple  ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
1451 «MtMli8ttr ftvt.
ATENTS
.. e solieu tne ouslness or Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York X,tfe Bldg,
Montreal: "nd Washington, D.C, U.S.A-
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'ClocK
Chas. Lestor
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphone
58 HASTINGS-ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C. SATURDAY, AUGUST 7TH, 1WKL
THE  WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   CCXLIJMBIA.
TOffi
This Page Is Devoted-to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  836, Vancouver, B. C.
PRICE LIST  OF SUPPLIES.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices: /
Charter (with/necessary   supplies to start Local)    ..$5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues Stamps,  each 10
Platform and application blank
per 100 25
Ditto ln Finnish, per 100 B0
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto in Italian, per 100 , SOe
CLARION  MAINTENANCE  FUND.
(April 1st to June 30th, 1909.
April   deficit    $23.60
May  deficit        85.60
June deficit   ,.    43.05
Total  deficit    $152.45
Balance on hand  Apr.  1st $ 84.65
April donations        16.00
May donations         7.50
June donations;
       s
B.   J.   L	
J. Harnett  ....
S. B. Clement
Carson 	
J.   H.   B	
J. H. McVety ..
R. Richards ...
1.00
50
50
Organizer Harrington    with financial
statement.
Warrants drawn for — Organizer
Harrington, $58.00; Clarion, July card,
$1.00; secretary's July salary, $15.00;
Dominion Executive, for supplies,
$73.00.
Receipts.
Port Moody, stamps  $2.00
Phoenix (Finnish br.), stamps..    5.00
Phoenix, stamps       5.00
Sandon, stamps       5.00
Vancouver, stamps   .±. v 10.00
Victoria, stamps and supplies.. 10.25
Vernon, assessment and supplies 10.25
Prince Rupert, charter     9.00
Battens    60
Total     $57.00
ONTARIO    PROVINCIAL    EXECUTIVE.
Regular meeting, July 28, 1909.
Present, Comrades Stroud, Green,
Zalkind, Colombo and Secretary
Young.
Comrade Green elected chairman.
Minutes of last regular meeting read
and approved.
Communications were dealt with
from Dom. Secretary, Com. Wilkle of
\^\Windsor, Locals Port Arthur (Finnish),
5.00
5.00
1.00
Total Receipts    $122.15
- Deficit on fund     30.00'
$152.45
DOMINIC^    EXECUTIVE.
(Receipts, Jan. 1st to June 30th, 1909.)
Balance on hand Jan. 1st $106.00
Receipts  to June  30th  775.05
Total  Receipts    $881.25
(Expenditure*..)
Organizing   $175.00
Clarion Deficit     197.00
Printing     68.?5
Secretary's  Salary        90.00
Literature,    Buttons,    Postage
etc   165.70
Total   Expenditure    $695.95
Balance on Hand    185.30
$881.25
B C.  PROVINCIAL   EVECUTIVE.
(Receipts,  Jan 1st to June 30th, 1909.)
Balance on Hand Jan. 1st $ 50.30
Receipts to June 30th..   613.60
Total    $663.90
(Expenditures.)
Organizing   $194.90
Supplies  from  Dom.  Ex  240.00
Printing       5.00
Secretary's Salary  ,„     90.00
Miscellaneous        63.95
- Total Expenditures   $593.45
Balance on Hand        70.45
$663.90
Audited and found correct
JAS. H. McVETY,
WM. M. MACKENZIE.
Auditing Committee
.DOMINION    EXECUTIVE.
Business meeting Aug. 2nd, 1909.
Present— Comrades Lambert (chairman), .Karme, Klngsley, Peterson and
tjhe secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Charters granted Locals—Sydney,
N. S.; Shelburne, Alta.; and Prince
Rupert, B. C.
Correspondence dealt with—From
Ontario Executive, Locals Dominion
No. .6, N. S., ,Fr.eder,|ctpn and Albert,
N. ,B„ Montreal and Lachine, Quebec,
Toronto, Ont., Winnipeg, Man., North
Battleford, Sask., Edmonton, Alta.;
from ; Organizers Dribble and O'Brien,
and Comrade Deo, Aylmer, Ont.
Warrants drawn for — Organiser
Gribble, $50.00; printing, $3.00; literature, $2.50; postage and expressage,
$4.00; secretary's July salary, $15.00;
Clarion July card, $1.00.
Receipts.
Ontario Executive, on account. .$27.50
British Columbia Executive, supplies      73.00
Newcastle,  N.  B„  stamps 70
Fredericton, N."B„ stamps 5.40
Sydney, N. S., charter     6.10
Montreal, Que.,  stamps     5.00
Literature and buttons     4.26
Clarion, maintalnance fund  105.00
Clarion, July surplus     6.40
Cobalt, Berlin and Lindsay were dealt
with.
On motion, charter was granted to
Windsor, Ont., to be known as Local
No.' 19.
On motion, secretary was instructed
to call the attention of the different
Locals and Branches in the province
to the call for referendum.
Expenditures.
Dom. Executive due stamps $25.00
Dom. Executive, due cards     2.00
Dom. Executive, platforms     1.75
Dom. Executive, charters     2.00
Secretary, July salary   10.00
U. S. Party, books for Windsor
Local     3.50
Letter file and postage      1.25
Total    $44.50
Receipts-
Port    Arthur -  (Finnish)     Due
stamps    $20.00
Berlin,   due   stamps,   $5.00;   due
cards 25c     5.25
Com. F. Green, constitution 25
Cobalt, Eng. due stamps     5.00
Guelph, Italian due stamps     3.00
Total receipts  $33.50
R.  C. YOUNGS
Secretary.
INTERNATIONAL AFFILIATION.
(Toronto Resolution.)
Dear Comrade,—
At a meeting of Local Toronto, the
following was carried and ordered to
be forwarded to the Western Clarion:
Whereas, according to a letter dated May 21, 1909, received from the
international Socialist Bureau, Caniille
Henysmans, secretary, "The following
may be affiliated to the Bureau:
"(a) All associations which adhere
to the socialization of the means of
production and exchange, international
union and action of the workers, conquest of the political .powers by the
proletariat organized as a class party.
"(b) All labor orgapizatlons which
accept the principle of class struggle
and recognize the necessity of political action (parliamentary and legislative) and do not participate directly
in political action."
Whereas, the S. P. of C. is based on
these .principles;
Whereas, the Dominion Executive
has for Its duty to establish and maintain .proper relations and communications   with    the   Socialist  parties  of
Dear Comrade Editor,—We are still
alive at this point, though working under difficulties, but then our movement flourishes with that kind of help.
Comrade O'Brien, M.P.P., stayed with
us one night on his way west again. I
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ called on the mayor (before his wor-
| other countries   (Article  IV,  Sec.  C„Uhtp was out of bed), and begged his
I,Constitution of S. P. of C.)
Whereas, practically every Socialist
Party of the world Is affiliated with
the International Bureau, with but one
or two exceptions;
It is hereby resolved by Local Toronto, S. P. of C. (at a meeting duly
called and held) that the Socialist
Party of Canada take steps to become
affiliated with the International Socialist Bureau.
Also find enclosed $5 voted by Local
Toronto towards the Clarion maintalnance fund.
I  remain,  yours in  revolt,
J. STEWART,
Secretary Central Committee, Toronto
Local.
• July 15, 1909.
+    *   *
EXECUTIVE'S   RESOLUTION.
ticularly tbe British Labor Party;
And whereas, such parties are not
only ignorant of the principles of Socialism, but practice openly the most
shameless policy of fusion and compromise with capitalist parties, advocating at most a number of petty, and
in many .cases* reactionary reforms;
And whereas, such endorsation by
the I. S. B. can only result In the en
couragement aad fostering.of "fake"
Labor and pseudo-Socialist parties to
the detriment of the Socialist Party
proper, and the misleading and betrayal of the working class;'
And such action also affords encouragement and justification for that
element, existing to a greater or less
extent in all Socialist Parties, which
is in favor of opportunistic methods
and compromise;
And whereas, this committee considers that the Party funds can be
expended more usefully for purpose of
propaganda and organization than ln
a way which has little more than sentimental value, if any;
For these reasons, this committee
declines to consider any affiliation
which entails the slightest suspicion
of fusion or compromise. Such action
would, moreover, be a direct violation of the Constitution of the Party,
which expressly forbids any such action.
This resolution, in the above terms,
to be forwarded to the International
Socialist Bureau, to the affiliated Socialist Parties, and to the Provincial
Executive Committees. In point of
fact, to be given the widest possible
publicity.
Passed in regular meeting, Aug. 2,
1909.
Dominion Executive Committee,
DAUPHIN, MAN.
MONCTON,   N.   B.
On July 19th I visited Moncton and
looked up three Comrades there. They
are Miss Fanny Levy, Miss Mushkat,
and Wm. Mushkat. We held a good
street meeting that evening. About
300 were present. Miss Mushkat
spoke about twenty minutes and the
writer held down the box for about
an hour and a quarter.
These Moncton Comrades are hustlers and will certainly make an impression on conservative Moncton ere
long. They expect to get a Local
started when Organizer Gribble arrives.
They are well posted and the lady
Comrades can talk plain, straight Socialism without ever once mentioning
ice cream, bon-bons, directolre gowns
or -peach-basket hats. Take note of
this, lady Comrades of the S. P. of C.
Miss Levy hustled for the six subs, enclosed.
Yours In Revolt,
ROSCOE A. FILLMORE.
Albert, N. S.
•    •   •
MARITIME ORGANIZING FUND.
Previously acknowledged     $37.30
Com. W. K. Bryce, Barnard, Sask.   .50
Crow's Nest comrades, per Jack
Oliphant $50.(50
Editor Western Clarion: —
Comrade Editor,—We had Comrade
O'Brien on the soap box last night,
] knocking a little sense into the heads
of a mixed crowd of working mules,
and he sure did deliver the goods in
great shape. In spite of a sore throat
he spoke for nearly three hours.
This is the first lecture on Socialism
in Dauphin. He mounted the box
about 8 o'clock, being good enough to
wait until the Salvation Army had
offered up thanks for the contents of
the tambour and shouldered their red
flag. He opened up with the remark
that he was not there to amuse the
people with a story about a life after
death, but to tell them of a lite worth
living on earth before death. A crowd
soon collected and the attention was
great. About half an hour later the
town fire bell rang but this dirty trick
only increased the number if listeners.
He gave us the goods and hammered
them in, speaking to the laborer, farmer and small merchants, workers in
general. After answering many questions to great satisfaction, he was ordered on by our local policeman, who
by the way is an ex-Bar'ist Minister,
The town has just presented him with
a new hat and this was a good chance
to show it. Comrade O'Brien was not
obstructing the traffic in any way, and
the local Comrades helped to keep, the
sidewalk clear. This act on the part
of the policeman showed the workers
exactly where they stood in society,
(thanks to Mr. Policeman the tool of
Capitalism.)
Comrade O'Brien quit with tlje remark that our forefathers fought for
this country and died that their children might enjoy its freedom and this
ls what' we get, and if It was not necessary for him to be in Brandon the
next day he would speak longerand go
to jail for the right of free speech in
Dauphin. Good luck to Comrade
O'Brien, the Cream of Socialists, may
the seeds of his sowing be cultivated
and multiplied by the few scattered
Socialists ln this district.
' Yours for the Revolution,
GEORGE  TOSELAND.
Total  $87.80
CLARION  FINANCIAL STATEMENT
(July,  1909.)
Subs	
Cards   	
Advertisements
$158.80
47.00
36.00
Total receipts   $241.80
Expenditures.
Printing five issues  $225.00
Mailing     10.40
Surplus     6.40
$241.80
BRANDON, MAN.
Total    $233.3E
B. C. PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE.
Business meeting August 2, 1909.
Minutes' of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with—From
Pert Moody, Victoria, Ladysmlth, Ver-
nen, Sandon, and Phoenix, and from
In view of the fact that a demand
has been made ln various quarters
that this committee take steps to affiliate with the International Socialist
Bureau, it has now become necessary
that the committee define its position
on this question.
" Whereas, the I. S. B. has seen fit to
adniit to membership and representation certain non-Socialist bodies, par-
TALE OF A TOUR.
A BOOST FOR NELSON.
Editor Clarion:—
Enclosed Mind clipping from Nelson
Dally News of this date showing
names and amount donated to advertise some of the many advantages of
the Glorious Kootenays. Those names
are nearly all of business men of Nelson. I just wish to point out one of
the advantages which they wish to advertise.
A short time ago it was advertised
quite extensively that there was to be
a large jam factory built here. Well
the factory was built. Then along
comes the honorable Richard McBride,
Premier, and Trios Taylor, J. H. Scho-
field; Wm. Hunter, and this same
bunch of business men that are so
anxious to boom the Kootenays, joined
them in a great pow-wow over opening the Kootenay Jam Factory, The
Hon. Premier opening the valve to
start the machinery. The name of the
company is the Kootenay Jam Co. Ltd.,
and the girls who are employed there
find that it ls sure Ltd.; at least their
wages are limited to $25.00 per month.
Think of that for a wage in a locality
where a girl cannot get. her board and
room for her monthly wage. This
same bunch of business men almost go
into fits if the Working Plugs have
the gall to send to Eatons for goods.
Another, a lumber company, paid
such miserable wages that the Hindoos they had employed went on strike
and quit the job. Sure, workingmen
and girls, when you,see the ad of this
booster outfit, come to Nelson, where
you can get a wage to partly pay your
board, and if you can't raise the balance some way, you are not considered a hustler and are not likely to make
a success ln the west
Yours,
ONE THAT GETS PARTLY PAID.
TRUE   LIBERAL  GALL.
permission for the use of a corner on
Main street. As there was a special
meeting of the city council that morn
lng, he referred me to It. I went, and
after two hours succeeded In getting
the  main corner for one night only
They don't object to us speaking on
street corners here so long as we gel
on a back street where nobody comes,
and the sympathy, they hand out (they
are very Interested in our party, would
very much like to see us make good
progress, you know. We believe in
Socialism; It must come—in about two
thousand years).   It makes me tired.
Still we had a good meellng and
we are doing nicely, all things considered. Having no headquarters,
etc., we don't mind nieeiing ln the
park, but J. Pluvius might hold off
once in a while so that we could have
fairly decent business meetings.
However, I think we will be ln thi
ring for the Provincial elections nnd
no doubt give a good account of ourselves. We are a small number, but
real revolutionary, ami anybody half-
baked around here stands a good
chance of being burnt.
Yours in revolt,
EDMUND FULCHER,
Orgaaizei- Lacal No. 7.
One hundred and eighteen working
men have been landed penniless ln
Vancouver after working for the government in the Yukon, "at four dol
lars and board. The agreement was
that they should be shipped out at the
lowest rate. Instead ot which they
were charged the highest fare. Even
then they figured that they had an
average of $17.00 each coming. Evan
their modest demand tor this sum wm
turned down, they being told that the
money was expended in buying them
tents'and tools!
I had the pleasure of meeting Com-
Simpson of Toronto in Glace Bay, he
being there to report the strike for
his paper. We had a fine meeting the
last night I was there, the hall was
packed, aisles filled up, the platform
and ail acound was crowded and a
lot had to go away.
It was a splendid crowd in every
sense and enthusiastic to a degree; it
was a treat to talk to them.
After I had finished, Simpson tackled me with some questions, and kept
me husy tor a time, tt looked like a
duel between him and me, they were
answered apparently to the satisfaction of the audience. (Jimmy had played into my hands in fine style,) and
then on invitation from the platform
Simpson came forward and delivered
the dope in good shape. It ^as evidently a surprise to a number who had
taken him for an opponent. I never
saw him in better form and that is saying a good deal.' Here's honing he is
still in Glace Bay, so he may be avail-'|
able for giving more.
That last night in Glace Bay was
glorious, I was sorry to leave It and
some of the comrades asked me,—
"Cant you stay a bit longer" but I
cpuldp't as I had to leave that night
direct from the meeting in order to
keep arrangement to be at Stellarton.
the next night. I was escorted to the
car by a big bunch singing "For He's
a jolly good fellow."
I nevr felt sp much like a hero since
I made my first try at Rugby football
and never felt so proud except when
the girls started to call me "Mr.."
They are a fine warm-hearted bunch at
Glace Bay and they did do things.
Now I am at- Stellarton where there
is a sturdy- bunch who will probably
join the New Glasgow local, which is
weak; and bring it up to strength.
It was a pleasure to meet Comrade
Grant again and- find- that he and
others had been making preparations
for my return from the East.
I have had five meetings here, and
at Westvllle already, with first class
crowds every time. A new local was
formed at Westvllle last night. Still
they come I want to say again and
again that Nova Scotia Is the best
stamping ground for the agitator that I
know of. It stands to reason it must
be. Consider the results, and compare
them with results in Ontario for the
same amount ot work by the same
agitator. Realise that the writer is
the first propagandist to make a regular tour of the Maritime and then
think what the future holds In store.
The results are due to conditions primarily and to the quiet work of comrades for years past. I want to tell
the new Maritime Executive where-
ever lt Is situated, that the new locals
must be looked after for a bit. Most
locals are composed of Inexperienced
comrades whom lt will be necessary
to encourage from time to time by
sending them a speaker, by frequent
communications and in other ways
that will occur to them. I have no
doubt this will be done. An organizer should be kept going most or all
of the time if possible and I think it
is possible. Comrade Shier, notwithstanding. Speakers have their uses,
that is revolutionary speakers, and
$3.00 a day Is not a huge sum after
all especially considering the employment is intermittant.
I have known a Socialist speaker
get $35.00. a meeting for a series and
none raised a howl. Of course he paid
his own railway and hotel expenses,
but he didn't do so bad at that. Of
course he was "prominent." Montreal
Local sometime ago asked a "prominent" New York speaker his terms
to come to Montreal to address a
meeting. He wanted a hundred dollars,
Montreal did without "His prominence." Don't worry, there is no such
exorbitant sum as three a day about
this job.
I have to thank the Glace Bay comrades for a handsome present In the
shape of a new suit, good enough to
get married In.    More graft!
Well here's looking forward lo to see
the comrades I have not yet seen, and
to see those I have already seen once
more.—Wilfred   Gribble  in   Cottons.
Jtiere and 7fow
By "LEEDS"
TOO  HOPEFUL.
Samuel Gompers felt somewhat nervous in France. The progressive thinkers and aggressive men of the labor
movement put some questions to our
dearly beloved Samuel, which caused
the Napoleon of ihe American Federation of Labor to do some sparring and
side-stepping. Samuel may come hack
to the "land of liberty" with a few new
ideas in his menial garret.—Miners'
Magazine.
Politicians beg from workmen one
day in tho vear, and workmen beg
from   politicians   Ihe  other  3«4.
CLARION    MAINTAINANCE    FUND.
(July Donations.)
Bennett         $100
R.  E. Anwyl	
J. Stelner 	
D.  Legler  	
B. J. L	
Jas. Allison  	
Jas.  Cartwright   	
Wm.  Voss   	
Local Vancouver/ (Finnish)
Local Port .Moody 	
Local Sandon 	
Local Vancouver 	
Local Nelson    	
Loral Victoria    	
Local Brantford   	
Loral Berlltl;  	
[local Toronto   	
Local Montreal   :	
Local Phoenix   	
Local Edmonton-  	
Local Nanalmo   	
Local Ladysmlth   	
Local Coleman  	
1.00
5.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
3.00
1.00
- 5.00
5.00
10.00
15.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
$105.00
Many copies of this paper are distributer! free each week by Socialist
organizations. If it Bhould bo your
good fortune to be given a copy for
the fft-at time, let it be an Invitation
for you to become a reader. The subscription is only one dolar for a whole
year and If you carefully read and
study it, by the time your sub. expires you will be possessed of information of untold value to you. Try
It.
• e     •
Comrade A. C. Glennie, Ottawa, remembers the sturdy little Clarion "thla
week with a list of two subs.
• »   •■
Also Comrade I. A. Austin hits out
a two-bagger from Nelson, B. C.
• •   •
Comrade J. S. Odegaard, Entwlgtle,
Alta., lives about 60 miles from the
P. O. ("we" need more railways) and
gets his mail about once a month.
He sometimes misses his bundle of
Clarions' but hopes that they are doing good work as "stolen fruit is
sweet," so he renews his bundle order
with a dollar.
• •   •
Another bunch of three investigators
arrive from the 'Peg, per Comrade ft.
II. Stebblngs. He thinks that the editorial of two weeks ago entitled "Tbe
Small Business Man" would make a
good art|cie for propaganda. Wonder
If he wants the dodger to chase the
small try away with.
e '•    •
Local Ladysmlth contributes $5.00 in
subs, and money towards the Clarion
maintenance fund, per secretary T. L.
Biggs.
• •    *
Comrade Wm.  Steven, Victoria, B.
C, rustles up three yearlles and sends
them along.   The Clarion will fix 'em.
And Comrade W. Green, of Toronto,
also captures a bunch of three.
• •   •
A five spot from   Local   Coleman,
Alta., towards the Clarion maintenance fund arrives per Secretary
Henry Smith.
•    •    e
Comrade  C.  Routcliffe  renews hla
own sub. and doubles up with a new
one from Toronto.
• •   •
Comrade Harrington drops in with
a couple.
'» • •
In a certain district ln B. C. during
an election some years ago it was
stated that there were enough of workingmen not on the voters' list to have
elected their candidate over all the
others.   Were you one of them.
Maybe you have never helped to
spread the truth with a new reader.
Perhaffs you tried but did not succeed.
Well, try again, and let your name be
added to the list of those who send ln
a new sub. The following comrades
did the trick this week:
• •   •
R. Jamison. Vancouver, B. O.J C. M.
O'Brien, M.P.P., on the warpath; Robt.
Walker, Roselsle Man. Charles Oskley,
Cutler, Ont.; B. Frere, Westminster
Junctlen, B. C; L. E. Drake, Bellevue, Alta.; P. C. Young, Toronto, Ont,
Frank Blake, Edmonton, Alta.; F.
Hampson. Extension, B. C; A. Stewart, Moose Jaw, Sask.; E. E. Geer,
Olelchen, Alta.
• •   •
L. E. D.—H. H. Herrin's name la on
the Clarion mailing list so It la being
sent to him. He should see his postmaster, as evidently It has been "overlooked."
e • e
Socialists of B. C. you arc requested
to write and serfd to the Clarion for
publication what you consider would
be the proper kind of a manifesto to
to be used at tha coming provincial
election. The best one Deceived will
be used In the next campaign. Try
your hand.
• *    •
The Vancouver World says that New
Zealand Is in financial difficulties owing to Socialism. This is a new one,
but If financial difficulties ls an evidence of Socialism then Vancouver's
city council must be composed of revolutionists of the deepest dye. Live and
learn. Hut the fact ls New Zealand Is
from a Socialist standpoint one of the
most backward countries In the world.
• • »
The working class of Spain are evidently geltlng even lo some extent in
their oppression for the wrongs of the
pasl. While they do not seem to have
any definite aim, yet Ihe fact that
they are destroying the churches and
monasteries is evidence of an awakening Intelligence.
• *    *
Read Comrade Davenport's article
In last week's Clarion on "Spread (he
Gospel," page three.
• *    •
A circular advertising Vancouver
and British Columblii. offers "unlimited opportunities of robbing labor. Th*
question is how much longer Is labor
going to stand fer It, FOUR
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER.   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 7TH, 1909.
OUR LONDON LETTER
Another big victory for Labor! The
Labor Party scores again! Another
working man elected! So doth the
Capitalistic Press whoop and howl.
How lt ramps and roars over the supposed victories of Labor. Surely there
was never a truer saying than "those
whom the gods wish to destroy, they
first make mad."
To the outsiders, those not intimately acquainted with the position of the
British Labor Party, the questions
naturally arise, how does it manage
to be successful at the polls so frequently? Will it not soon become a
menace to the old parties? And why
is lt lauded by pulpit, press and politician? The answer to all these questions can be summed up In a sentence, viz., the Labor Party exists In
name only, It does not menace Capitalism, and its purposes are identical
with those of all other Capitalist parties, i. e., the exploitation of the working class.
To explain: On July 15th, J. G.
Hancock, business agent for the Notts
Miners' Federation, member of the
Territorial Forces Association, local
preacher, and Labor Party candidate
in the Mid-Derbyshire bye-election,
■was elevated to the rank of Member
of Parliament by the action of some
6,735 horny handed sons of toll. These
aforesaid sons lined up at the polls
last Thursday and elected Hancock
over his Tariff Reform opponent with
a majority of 2,343 votes. The Labor
and Capitalistic Press, or at least a
portion of it, went into ecstacies of joy
over this supposedly great victory for
Labor, and columns were devoted to
glowing accounts of the valuable acquisition the Labor Party had obtained ln the House of Commons. Yet
tbe entire affair was a bare-faced
fraud, a swindle intended to pull the
wool over the unthinking workers'
eyes. This newly elected member ls
nothing else than a Capitalist tool
masquerading in the name of Labor;
a wolf in sheep's clothing; a traitor
to his class.
A sort of an entente has long existed between the Liberal and Labor parties, and the affairs between the two
are rapidly beginning to develop an
outrageous stench. The week previous
to the Mid-Derbyshire affair, a bye-
election was held in the Cleveland
Parliamentary Division, and curiously
enough the Labor Party ran no candidate there, though lt offered no excuse for not doing so. Presumably
in return for this favor for not opposing it in the Cleveland bye-election,
the Government put up no candidate
in the Mid-Derbyshire bye-election,
and Liberal politicians vied with those
of the Labor Party in securing the
election of another Labor member.
Were lt not for the serious results
which always accrue from the betrayal ot Labor, it would have been* amusing to watch J. Kelr Hardie and other
"prominent Labor (?) leaders" ' appearing with the Capitalists and their
henchmen on a common platform in
order to secure the election of a Capitalistic tool labeled "Labor candidate."
But as a grave wrong was being perpetrated on the Workers the situation was far from being laughable,
and too much condemnation can not
be put upon all such proceedings.
If Hancock would not be useful to
the Liberal Party, if he were a true
representative of the Working Class,
he would have received opposition and
not aid from the Capitalist Class. If
he had been a true representative of
bis class, instead of a professional
llcker of Capitalist boots, all the venom and hatred of a prostitute press
would have been directed against his
candidacy. 'But no, on the other hand,
be was pampered and petted by a
parasitic class which lauded his
treachery to the skies, while a prime
minister even went so far out of his
way as to send this fakir a message
wishing him success at the polls. This
came from Aaqulth, he who while
Home Secretary some years ago, ordered out the troops which shot down
the Fealherstone miners.
This Liberal-Labor alliance smells
worse man the sty of an unclean
beast, and nothing but a complete
overthrow of this nauseating crew
can purify the political atmosphere.
The Labor Party, which at its best,
was never more than a sickly reform
party, has in these latter years lost
all excuse for Its existence, having
gone boots and breeches into the Capitalist camp. Its name will probably
continue to survive for some time to
come, for It offers attractive bait with
which the Capitalists can capture the
vote of the unthinking workers. As a
independent or opposition party, it
has ceased to exist, as its "leaders"
bave long ago "delivered the goods."
A person like Hancock Ib a most
valuable asset to the Capitalists for
the continuation and perpetuation of
their rule, for, as a local preacher, he
can be used to persuade the workers
to be content with their lot; as a member of the Territorial Forces Association, he will be able to aid in forcing
the workers into subjection when the
preaching business falls; and as a Labor M. P., he is useful to perform all
the low, sneaking, dirty tricks which
the out and out Capitalist politician
does not like to sully his hands with
if he can find soma one lower and
meaner than himself to do them.
With but few exceptions, the finances of the Labor Party undoubtedly
come out of the pockets of working
men and women, who implicitly hope
and trust it will do something to ameliorate the condition pf the workers.
This makes the Labor Party M. P.'s
all the more a damnable set of rogues
for, knowing that their independence
is but a myth, that they are but Capitalistic understrappers, and that outside of a few sops the Workers will
get nothing through them, they still
keep up the disception in order to enjoy their empty Importance of having
a seat in the House of Commons. It
is a hypocritical position for every
one of the thirty odd Labor M. P.'s to
be in, and from Keir Hardie down to
Hancock, every mother's son of them
ls responsible for the greatest fake of
modern times—the British Labor
Party.
One can have some respect for a
Liberal, a Conservative, or even an
anti-Socialist, who stands up and openly defends the parasitic class he. may
represent, but one cannot help but
scorn fake Labor M. P.'s who under
the guise of Trade Unionists, or Labor men, seek to puff up their own
importance through treachery and deception to the Workers whom they
are supposed to represent.
The Labor Party is a regular cinch
for the Plutes, and they will only be
too glad to welcome all its future successes, and perhaps even reward one
of the "leaders" in the near future,
with a fat offlce, so that there may be
another traitor to keep John Burns
company. The British Labor Party,
through fraud and deception, has done
more to retard the progress of the
British Workers than both Liberal and
Conservative Parties combined.
ROBT. E. SCOTT.
London, July 17th, 1909.
A NEW PRECEDENT IN SPAIN.
The employing class in Spain Is
just at this time furnishing precedents which may be quoted, 1' necessary, by the working class at some
near-future date.
When the social conditions in Spain
became unbearable the workers set
about to overthrow the whole slavish
system of monarchy and rulers. Naturally there were some men more active In the campaign than others.
These are termed—with Jesus—agitators. And what the ruling class call
"leaders" aie being "court-martialled
and shot." Two hundred revolters
were summarily tried, convicted by
court-martial and executed by the military authorities in one day last week.
The men executed were captured at
various times throughout the past few-
days, and held as prisoners until Saturday; then they were lined up
against a wall and shot.
A revolution is only right and a
good thing when the revolutionists
win. Only then is the "klng-by-the-
grace-of-God"  benediction in order.
The moral for the working class Is:
Always win. Then If there is any
lining up and shooting to be done, of
course Ihe victors do It. And In the
above we have ample Illustration of
how to do It. The mistake of the
Paris Commune should not be repeated at Barcelona. The workers of
Spain should finish the job—and finish lt up right. It costs dearly in human blood, misery and suffering, but
history teaches that such Is the price
of human  progress  and liberty.
i ue ruling class can never repay or
compensate the working class for the
torture and Infamies It has heaped
upon lt. The debt cannot be liquidated on the basis of an eye for an eye
and a tooth for a tooth—because
"monarchs" number so few compared
to our class. But the self-placed value
on the carcass of a member of the
ruling class will sort of balance the
scale, If the revolutionists of Spain
make a good clean job of lt before
they get through and follow out carefully the precedent established for
them last Saturday.
On with the real world-wide revolution!
—R.  P. l-rJTTIPIEOE.
WINDSOR'S BAPTISM OF FIRE.
••e*&«tt**®9&®****&®®&***®*ftft***
Dear Comrade McKenzie:
Just a few lines from this neck o'
the woods to show that even away off
here the iron heel of capitalism is not
attached to a paralytic limb.
Monday night I received a card from
Comrade Kummerfield of Detroit stating that Comrade Saunders of Texas
was going to give us a call and to prepare for an open-air meeting. Fortunately we were holding a meeting
the same evening that Ihe card came,
and all promised to be on deck.
We assembled in front of the P. O.
and erected a temporary platform disguised as a soap-box.
When Comrade Saunders began to
belch forth venomous utterances about
the present system, showing the wage-
slaves who had sojourned that way
(attracted, no doubt, by such unfamiliar sounds) how and where they were
being robbed at the point of produc-,
tion, and was explaining previous existing societies and was just beginning to show how the middle class
were fast being eliminated and forced
into the ranks of the proletarian,
when, lo, to our great astonishment,
who appeared upon the scene but two
of "our own" policemen, and in a
commanding tone informed the speaker he would have to discontinue. We
gasped in bewilderment at such an
uncourtly Interruption. Were we not
British subjects who have boasted
loud and long about our inalienable
right of free speech? Surely a mistake
had been made and I took it upon myself to ascertain if such was not the
case. Being solemnly informed that'|
the Czar, or Chief, as he is commonly designated, had issued the command
and orders must be obeyed.
Well, as Comrade Saunders descended, I ascended, Informing the Cossacks
that I had a few explanatory remarks
to make and proceeded to do so, Intending to carry it on, thinking my
citizenship guaranteed me that privilege. Anyhow, when, by jingo, they
grabbed me and executed orders in
precisely the same manner as on my
predecessor. If I insisted upon continuing the address I could consider
myself under arrest. Well, I Insisted
and down I came. This was appalling,
even humiliating—we would see.
Well, we started for the guard house
with about 150 or 200 following close
in the rear, when about half way to the
pen orders came up from the rear to
halt!
The tide has changed.
Orders No. 1,—Release prisoners
upon terms that If allowed freedom
to abandon hope to regain lost position.
A short consultation of war was
held and every comrade of Windsor
Local No. 1'9 unanimously said, "No!
a thousand times, No!
Orders No. 2.—Then if prisoners,
after being allowed freedom, do regain
position, to put them to rout.
Anyhow, we insisted upon finishing
the meeting and back we went, and
lo, their hearts softened after discovering we weren't quite as easy as they
imagined.
The meeting was continued until 11
p.m., a good many taking part in the
discussion, even to a fossil remains of
Middle Ages, a sky-pilot.
This is a brief account of Local
Windsor's first open-air meeting since
organized, and may they all prove as
educational and as successful.
Leave such matters to this bunch of
comrades as Windsor Local has got
and I can safely say we will be there
at the finish.
Yours in revolt,
LORNE WILKIE,
Windsor.
stop nor a single necessary industrial
function be thrown out of gear. Rather it would be a fine thing for the
toiling masses, if all these social
fungi were to drop out of existence.
The mothers would be relieved of the
burden of their suport.
They would be free to devote their
energies to creating use-valves.' People go hungry because there is no
wheat for them to eat. Those who
mlghl have been engaged in raising
foodsi uffs were making cradles for
lapdogs, shaving poodles, forming
body-guards for concience-strlcken plutocrats, preparing milord's milk
bath, etc., etc., wasting energy that
might have been expended in genuinely useful service to humanity.
Even after satiating themselves
with every imaginable beast-like sen
suality, the rich still have upon their
hands an enormous surplus that they
cannot consume.
Necessity forces them to unload
this surplus, and whenever they find
a profitable investment, an opportunity further to skin labor, they put up
a prodigiuos holler to the effect that
In furnishing a new avenue of employment, they are the benefactors of
humanity.
They do not reflect that in almost
every case where a new region has
been developed by Burplus wealth, the
original inhabitants of that region
have been forcibly dispossessed, nor
that although the operations of capital are to-day wider-spread than ever
they have been, wherever capital has
gone, poverty,- prostitution, and crime
have quickly followed.
Peaceful, industrious communities
where poverty ls unknown, and where
the needs of each are fully satisfied,
are brought under the "Iron heel" of
capitalism, the essential prerequisite
of which, is a reserve army of poverty-stricken, unemployed.
Misery reigns where heretofore hap-
pinness and peace existed, and the perpetrator of this atrocity, claps himself on the back and exclaims, "Behold in me a benefactor of humanity."
A. Percy Chew, in The Voice.
AN  INDIAN'S DEFENCE.
BENEFACTORS OF HUMANITY.
+*>*. •- ^**«*»e*****«*#*w«<MgMMM#
It is often advanced in defence of
the present system, that the extravagance and luxury of the rich indirectly benefit the working class by
stimulating production and providing
employment.
I shall try to show the fallacy of
this contention.
In the first place It is necessary for
us to disabuse ourselves of the notion
that all work, so long as wages are
paid for lt, is beneficial to humanity.
It is not. No amount of labor embodied in a useless article can render
that article valuable. Secondly, in
order that humanity may continue to
exist, a certain amount of food, clothing and shelter—i.e. wealth—must be
produced continually.
Now If you take away a portion of
the available supply of true wealth
producing labor, and cause that portion to engage ln utterly useless, unproductive tasks, the duty of supplying the whole of humanity with the
necesarieB of life, consequently devolves upon the remainder.
The luxury and extravagance of the
rich are made possible by tbe labor
power of an Immense army drawn
from the ranks of productive labor.
TheBe recruits from the only useful
portion of mankind, perform no useful service to society. They are parasites.
They increase the burden, (already
almost ins lpportable), on tbe shoulders of those who do work, and were
they and their masters to cease to
exist tome -row, not   a   wheel   would
One of the most remarkable documents ever read ln an English law
court was the statement which Madar
Lai Dhlngra, the Indian engineering
student who murdered Sir William
Curzon Wyllie and Dr. Lalcaca at the
Imperial Institute, read at the preliminary hearing before the, Westminster
magistrate. Speaking In a clear and
steady voice, and only halting now
and again to enable the clerk to make
a record of his words, the prisoner,
after he had been cautioned by the
magistrate, said, in part:
"I don't want to say anything ln defence of myself, but simply to prove
the justice of my deed. As for myself,
no English law court has got any authority to arrest and detain me In prison or pass sentence of death on me.
That is the reason I did not have any
counsel to defend me. And I maintain
that If it is patriotic in an Englishman to fight against the Germans if
they were to occupy this country, lt ls
much more justifiable and patriotic in
my case to fight against the English.
I hold the English people responsible
for the murder of eighty millions of
Indian people In the last fifty years,
and they are also responsible for taking away 100,000,000 pounds every
year from India to this country. I also
hold them responsible for the hanging
and deportation of my patriotic countrymen, who did just the same as the
English people here are advising their
countrymen to do. And the Englishman who goes out to India and gets,
say, 100 pounds a month, that simply
means that he passes a sentence of
death on a thousand of my poor countrymen, because these thousand people could easily live on this 100 pounds
which tbe Englishman spends, mostly
on his frivolities and pleasures. Just
as the Germans have no right to occupy this country, so the English people have no right to occupy India, and
it Is perfectly justifiable on our part
to kill the Englishman who is polluting our sacred land."—World.
DROWNING ACCIDENT.
Comrades will regret to hear that
our Comrade Coursier, of Revelstoke,
has lost a son by drowning, in the
Columbia river.
Peace reigns in Barcelona. Two
thousand killed and twenty-five thousand wounded. The confidence of
bankers in the Spanish government
will now be re-established. It has
made good.
Patriotism Defined.
What a weird and mystic emotion ls
patriotism. It can make a man who
never owned anything ln his life holler about "his" country until his throat
Is sore. It has tbe power to transform
an every-day, easy-going citizen with a
gentle disposition, into a raging demon, burning with thirst for the blood
of his fellow-creatures. It Is tenacious
only when contracted by workingmen.
The capitalist ls Only patriotic on occasions which call for the presence of
newspaper reporters—never when figuring up dividends from "foreign"
countries where labor ia "cheap."—R.
P. P.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to tbe capitalist class. Tbe capitalist ia therefore
master; tbe worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of V the
reins of government all the powers of tbe State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights in tbe means of wealth
production and their control of tbe product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
Tbe Irrepressible conflict of interests between tbe capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to bold, the worker to
secure It by political action. This is tbe class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party ot Canada with tbe object of conquering tbe public powers for tbe purpose of setting up and enforcing tbe economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. Tbe transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into tbe collective property of the
working class.
2. Tbe democratic organization and management of Industry
by tbe workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
ubs instead of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party, wben ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
tbls question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers In
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will the Socialist
Party ls for it; if It will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle tbe Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its bands ln such
a manner as to promote tbe Interests of the working class alone.
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
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Six months 25c.
Published at Cowansville, P.O.
IP YOU HAVE
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neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"Rofetrtchyj Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
The works of Spencer, Inger-
soll, Huxley, Darwin, Blatchford,
Paine, Haeckel, Laing and other
great writers. By mail for IS and
SO cents.   Send for catalogue to
The People's Book Store
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THE 8. P. OF C.  BUTTON.
Price,*each    SOc
To Locals five for $2.00.   Apply to your
Provincial Secretary.
WANTED. Every Socialist and
Unionist to take Shares Brandon
Labor Temple Co. Capital $15,-
000 in $1.00 shares, payable in 4
monthly instalments. Write for
prospectus. E. Fulcher, Box 673,
Brandon, Man.
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
WANTED—Miners lo keep »w*y
irom the  Nicola Valley,  as the
strike is still on.
d. k. Mcdonald,
President.
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(.nlckly tmcertnln our opinion free whether an
Invention Is protmhlr patentable. Communications strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patent*
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Patents taken llirmieti Munn & Co. receive
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A haniliome.y (Huntrated weekly. Lurseit circulation of iiny sjclentlfla journal. Terma. |3 •
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Branch Office, 63a IT St, Washington. D. C.
What to Read on Socialism
Br Charles H. Kerr, Editor of Ihe International
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page*, with many portraits of socialist writer*.
Includes a simple, concise statement o! the principle* of socialism. On* copy free on request,
10 mailed for 10c; 100 tor 11.00; 1,000 for 110.00.
CHARLES H. KERR * CO.
IBS Klnile Street, Chloaao, III.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which   Stands for a* Living Wage
Vancouver Local 357.
566
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
(J If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
iastallin,' the ear. pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.
 ,—i,—i	

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