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Western Clarion Oct 26, 1912

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The Materialist Conception Affords the Impregnable
Basis Upon Which All Science Takes
Its Stand.
Materialism! Dread word! In most
places it ls taboo. To the average person what mental visions it instantly
brings of anti-religion, "worldliness"
a,nd grossness of all descriptions. Socialism is a paragon of respectability
by comparison. Nevertheless the
writer wishes to affirm with all the
force of which he is capable his unshaken conviction that materialism ls
the adamantine rock upon which Socialism takes Its impregnable stand.
Objection may be taken by squeamish comrades to a discussion of this
subject in a propaganda paper on the
ground that individual belief in regard
to materialism is a private matter—
which we grant—that the subject has
no relation to Socialism—which we
claim ls decidedly Incorrect—and that
therefore, articles of this nature should
be excluded.
.In order to discuss the matter Intelligently we must "begin at the be-
ning" by ascertaining which school of
Socialism—the Utopian or scientific—
presents the most intelligent grasp of
the real nature of Socialism. We
claim that the modern school known
as the scientific, or Marxian, is so far
in advance of the Utopian that the
former may now be said to have practically swept the latter out of existence, and tbe writer bases this article
on the claim that the members of the
scientific school are the only writers
who present anything definite on the
subject when it comes to a question
of analysis. If the soundness of this
contention be not here admitted the
reader may flnd himself outside of the
scope of this article.
At the outset attention may be
called to the fact that scientific Socialism is strictly modern and that its
three main tenets named in the order
of their sequence and importance are:
The Materialist Conception of History, the Labor Theory of Value, and
the Class Struggle. All the great
namr3 which iimmediately loom up
like i.tars ln the firmament when one
recalls the personalities of the modern school, Marx, Engels, Lassalle, De-
ville, Lafargue, Plechanoff, Labrlola,
Lorla, Ferrl, Kautsky, Bebel, Lewis,
Boudin, etc., etc., etc. are those of writers who built upon the truth of the materialist conception. We will here rest
the claim that materialism and Socialism are related, and again it might be
said that If the reader is not convinced
on this point he may get little out of
what follows.
Claiming that the foregoing has
proven the relationship we will now
proceed to show why we think the
jnatter should be taken up ln a Socialist paper.
It will hardly be disputed that a relatively small minority in the Socialist
Party, as In all other parties, dominates the whole. Now persons of this
type are worth very much more as recruits to the movement than the ordinary person, because when we finally get them we will also soon have
with them practically all whom they
Influence, which is many times their
own numbers, and we bave also found
from experience that so far as pushing the propaganda goes—and lt must
be vigorously pushed to accomplish
much—people of this kind are practically the only ones who are any use.
One of the great stumbling blocks to
their acceptance of Socialism is the
prejudice against materialism. Once
remove this Impediment and they become whirlwind propagandists for the
social revolution. In justifying the
special appeal to these people it is not
to be understood that ordinary propaganda is to be deprecated—far from
it—both are necessary.
Having given the reasons why materialism should be dealt with we will
now proceed to the main task.
The literature circulated by our organized system of propaganda iB saturated with materialism and our
speakers and writers continually insist upon the materialistic basis of
Socialism. The writer wishes to emphasize as strongly as possible the
correctness and importance of this
stand, holding that It shall not be departed from a hair's breadth, but that
we shall hew Inexorably to the line
of materialistic science.
But we must be sure we understand materialism and not vulgarize
the materialist conception, Material-
Ism practically explains everything
but the obvious disfavor ln which it
la held by many really excellent people ii largely Justified by 'the impres-
sion of the nature of materlalsllsm
which* they obtained mostly from the
early materialists, but from some of
the later ones as well, who vulgarized
There are two distinct conceptions
of materialism which for lack of better
terms we may call idealistic material-
Ism and gross materialism, or true and
false materialism, and they are as different as light and darkness, the reasons for the existence of w^iich are
easily explained.
The first notable rise of materialism
conlncided with and was caused by
the gradual transitions from hand
production to machine production. Ignorant theological conceptions of life
belong to and reflect the mental poverty of the handicraft age. With the
advent of machine production the most
intellectual workers were enabled to
see that- theological conceptions were
false. Now this was just previous to
the time when the revolutionary conception was formulated and established, and as a result these antl-
theolQglons could see far enough to
discern the falseness of the theological or dual conception, but they had
not advanced far enough to deduce
the true revolutionary or monistic
conception, consequently when they
threw over theology they had nothing
with which to replace It, and they thus
thrashed aimlessly around like beheaded chickens. Their former associates
cut them or persecuted them and although they were men of advanced
intellect, they had the apparently
cruel misfortune of living before their
time and while being great enough to
reject theology, were not able to find
the actual truth'to take Its. place, this
place was later taken by evolution,
As a result a few of them gave lifelong exhibitions of the most terrifically courageous moral stands the
world has ever witnessed. But for the
majority the strain was too great and
as a natural result they fell Into the
grosser form of materialism and went,'
ln many cases, to the extreme limit,
natural under the circumstances, of;
all sorts of excesses, but particularly J
of attacking ridiculing and vilifying;
religion and most other refining and i
humanizing influeces of the times.]
Thus materialism—and this gross form j
certainly deserved it—was generally
regarded with horror unspeakable and
this unfavorable impression prevails!
to a greater or less extent up to thej
present time.       '
However, "the darkeEt hour is just
before the dawn," and day broke with
the epoch-making rise of the sun of
evolutionary Bcien.ce on the great
planes of astronomy, physics, geology
and biology. Marx and Engels followed hard with the Illuminating exposition of the laws of sociology.
Lately the Held of pyschology has
been won and today the great orb of
science blazes high in the heavens
completely victorious over the forces
of darkness, ignorance and superstition. Theology is dead. The cosmos
has yielded up its secrets for want of
which our unfortunate early materialists suffered so much. Everythrlng ln
existence Is now Been to be material
and the victory of science over theology is complete.
As the writer believes in giving his
victims a sporting chance for their
lives he would here explain that the
particular brain-storm which was the
immediate cause of the attempt to Inflict this Identical piece of insanity
upon the gentle and unsuspecting
reader was the result of his recent
accidental contact with a new-fledged
comra.de for whose penetrative mental
powers he has considerable respect,
but to whom Socialism, as we regard
lt, would seem to be comparatively
unfamiliar. Said comrade is an evolutionist, but as nearly as we could
sense his attitude apparently objects
to materialism. If perchance these
lines should catch his critical eye we
hereby "humbly" (more or less) crave
bis forbearance on this rather personal reference to him, but would add
ln extenuation that we are mighty
careful not to disclose his identity because we know that he is soon going
to be so thoroughly ashamed of his
present anti-materialistic stand that
he will be very grateful for our-screen-
lng him while he ls sloughing the skin-
piece of his worn out rags of theological humbug preparatory to donning the new full dress of materialistic science.
Ye Sons of Toil, awake to glory,
Hark! Hark! What myriads bid you
Your children,  wives and grandsires
Behold   their   tears   and   hear   their
Behold   their   tears   and   hear   their
Shall hateful tyrants, mischief breeding,
With hireling hosts, a ruffian band,
Affright and desolate the land,
While peace and liberty lie bleeding?
To arms!    To arms, ye brave!   *
The avenging sword unsheathe.
March on,
March on,
All hearts resolved,
On victory or death.
With luxury and pride surrounding,
The vile and satiate despots dare,
Their thirst for gold and power unbounded,
To mete and vend the light and air,
To mete and vend the light and air,
Like beasts of burden would they load
Like gods   would   bid   their   slaves
But man  is  man,  and  who  would
Then shall they longer lash and goad
0 Liberty, can man resign thee.
Once   having   felt   thy   generous
Can dungeons, bolts and bars confine
Or whips thy noble spirit tame?
Or whips thy noble spirit tame?
Too long the world haB wept bewailing, -
The Socialist party Is of the working class, FOR the working class and
BY the working class and, therefore,
the Socialist Party in every country
the sun shines on is opposed to war between deluded and betrayed groups of
the working class for the benefit and
profit of the fat-pursed beneficiaries
of capitalism. Socialists strive to socialize society, and have faith In peace
as a condition of rapid progress • and,
therefore, they are consistently and
persistently against war. "NO MEN
slogan all around the world.
"All day you toil, and get but grub
Enough for one more day, you dub.
If you had brains you'd understand.
You have no brains.   You are a 'hand.'
"You have a vote. You have, you mutt.
You have a vote, but have no nut.
For if you had, you'd use your vote
To get the other fellow's goat."
Will speak at the Empress Theatre,
"Vancouver, Sunday, October 27th. He
will be at the following places during
the week: Victoria, Monday, October
28th; Ladysmith, October 29th; Nanalmo, October 30th; Cumberland, Friday, November 1st; New Westminster,
Sunday, November 3rd.
Comrade O'Brien has not been able
to fill all the dates that he was supposed to on account of the early opening of the Alberta Legislature.
Charlie will make a trip through the
Province some other time.
If He Would Escape the Ravages of Capital the
Farmer Must Combine With the City
Worker to Slay the Beast.
That    falsehood's    dagger    tyrants
But freedom is our sword and shield.
And their arts are unavailing.
(Continued on page two)
Some little time ago a convention
was held at Clarsholm, Alta., where
the farmers selected their "independent" candidate for next provincial
It was not the much-bragged-of
"Canadian prosperity" that( brought
the tillers of the soil together.
They did not assemble to discuss
ways' and means by which to spend
their surplus wealth, after this bumper crop lias been harvested.
I heard no talk of any Independent
farmer going to the Bermuda Islands
or taking a trip to the Mediterranean,
but several in their speeches mentioned ho* hard it had been for them
to get away—the great sacrifice they
had made in going to Clarsholm for
one day.
The feudal serf worked three days
in the week for himself and three
days for his master.
He used the most primitive tools,
and yet, in three days, produced a
week's existence for himself and family. The farmer of today, with his
modern machinery, Is able to produce
a hundred times as much as the man
with hoe and spade could, and yet,
how hard lt ls for him to take a full
day off.
The slaves on the farms know they
are only getting a small share of what
they produce, but, unfamiliar with Socialist Ideas, they don't see that the
exploitation takes place at the point
of production, and so they blame the
middleman and the corrupt politician.
The platform adopted at Clarsholm
contained all the sops they prayed for
at Ottawa, with a few extra ones
thrown In..
Even then one of the delegates
thought It was not "comprehensive
enough." He said the "doctors
charged too much in cases of confinement" and wanted a maximum fee
fixed by law. Coming from a Mormon,
this demand for cheaper twins was
rather amusing.
But it was so typical. They all
wanted cheap things. These the
transplanted American expects to obtain by smashing the trusts and busting the combines,' while the "Sons of
Albion" talk eloquently of what miracles the co-operative system can perform.
When the writer arrived, there was
no doctor bill at all—a midwife, I am
told, got 80c. Everything was cheap
In Norway. But he had to leave that
country, for the same reason that
British patriots desert "the Mistress
of the Sea" in ships taking wage animals one way and steerB the other.
We Socialists are not against, but
for co-operation and every other reform, that is not reactionary.
The elimination of the middleman,
for instance, means less waste In distribution. It means cheaper living,
alright. But we realize that it also
means a lower cost in the production
of the only commodity we have to
sell, which ls labor-power, and, therefore, this splendid thing will do us
but little good.
If we received the equivalent of
what we produce, every labor-saving
invention would lighten our burden of
toil, and progress in civilization would
mean progress ln human happiness.
But as long as a few control the
machinery of production, It will be
used, not to satisfy the wants of the
many, but to give profits to the few.
And as long as this lasts the benefits
of every invention that multiplies our
productive power, and of all improvements In distribution, must of necessity flow to the owners.
The poor middleman is likely to be
the goat for a few years. Capitalist
papers point him out as the villain in
To hear of all the enormous profits
he is making, you would think he was
bursting with wealth.
We happen to know a few who
"busted" for the lack of lt.
Look at the saving affected at Panama, they say, when Uncle iSam took
over the business there and eliminated all go-betweens from the railroad
grafter to Hop Sing & Co.   ,
Well, we are glad to see the capitalists advocate state ownership, as
that will mark the culmination of
capitalist rule.
In the commodity struggle a few
sharpers have snatched wealth and
this start has sometimes enabled
them to step from tho proletarian into
the capitalist class.
Now, our master claBS being safe
on the roof, has no objection to kicking the ladders away. They have
their stocks and bonds, and when
their Investments become endangered
the waving of a piece of red calico and
some patriotic noise will bring the
wage animals below to collect all ac
counts free of charge.
But the world is moving and as Its
resources drift more and more Into the
hands of a class that has absolutely'
nothing to do with the production of |
the things we want, It dawns on the
proletariat that this class ls a parasite
class, and what lt needs Is not temporary relief measures, but the abolition of capitalist ownership ln the
means of wealth production.
Ab the proletariat becomes conscious of this, its enthusiasm for petty
reforms fades.
What we want is not a few Bops or a
little charity, but the world for the
In this year of our Lord 1912 we
have been launched upon the billows
of a troubled sea. Great labor struggles, free speech fights, starving, gaoling and clubbing innocent men, women and children is the order of the
day. On the other hand we have the
Ruler of the Universe pouring His
wrath down upon the land, great
clouds of darkness obscuring the heavens, mighty peals of thunder and
dazzling chains of lightning accompanied by heavy storms of hall dart
down upon the earth, laying waste
thousands of acres of cereal crops and
casting a gloom over many of our
little farm homes. Yet in the face
of this great devastation, Canada will
harvest the largest crop ever taken
off Canadian soil. In the midst of
plenty we have great privation and
poverty. The time is drawing nigh
when those poor unfortunates will be
called upon by the nation to offer
thanks to God in His wisdom for hailing them out and leaving tbem destitute. .
Long, long ago the land used to be
tilled by'slaves and as those slaves
represented a certain amount of capital it was to the interest of their masters to see that they were we'll cared
for and if God saw it necessary to
smite the crops with hail, frost,
drought, or excessive rains It made no
difference to the slaves. They got sufficient to keep body and soul together
and a place wherein to sleep. The
serf In the feudal ages with his rude
tools and crude methods of farming
had three days of the week wherein to
make his living, the other three he
worked and produced a surplus for his
lord. Now the modern serf or petty
farmer, lured back to the land by the
hope of that free and Independent life
and that fascinating title to a steady
job, with modern methods of farming
and Improved machinery, working
from tewlve to sixteen hours per day,
six days a week and sometimes seven,
produces grain by the carload, where
the feudal serf cold only produce it by
the wheelbarrowful.
Why, Mr. Farmer, are you not better off than the chattel Blave or the
serf of the feudal ages? Oh, you blind
fools! The owners of the railways,
the machine works, weaving factories,
mines, lands, elevators, banks, etc.,
hand you that title so that in conjunction with all other industrial workers,
you will produce your living and create a surplus for your masters.
Now, Mr. Farmer, you are no more
independent than any other wage
slave. You are only a cog in the
wheels of industry, you could not begin to farm without even a plow and
ln order to get this plow the combined
efforts of many workers would be Involved In Its production for which in
return you would feed and clothe such
All commodities exchange at their
value and as labor-power Ib a commodity Its value ls worked up ln the
amount of food, clothing, and shelter
required to keep up physical energy
and produce more slaves. The small
farmer exchanges his labor-power in
the form of wheat, cattle, hogs and
other farm produce, for its value ln
gold, another expression for wages.
After paying machine notes, bank interest and other minor expenses, there
Is just sufficient left to keep body and
soul together and a place wherein to
sleep. You say: "The high cost of
living, excessive freight rates, high Interest, high priced machinery and low
prices for grain, Is the cause of your
misery, but If Canada had embraced
reciprocity all such evila would have
been eliminated." In England wc
have free trade and the workers are
no better off there than here. Thousands of British farm slaves and other workers reach Canadian shores annually only to find the same conditions
prevalent. Wages too "low and the
cost of living too high.
Fifty years ago the production of
gold was a slow process, making it
very valuable, but today with up-to-
date modern machinery less labor ls
Involved in Its production, which, according to the law of value, naturally
reduces its worth. Twenty years ago
with ten dollars you could buy ten
dollars' worth of goods; today tho ten
dollars will only buy as much as five
dollars did then, as the result of the
shrinkage in thc value of gold. Money
wages have gone up but not In the
same proportion as the Increased cost
of living.   With the rapid development
of modern machinery gold within the
next ten years will increase 25 per
cent and our Wall Street financiers
have predicted that, owing to the increase ln the production of gold, living
will more than likely go up SO per cent
within the next ten years and no
power on earth wlll stop it.
Now, Mr. Farmer, what about reciprocity? Again you say, "If fanners
would combine, neither buy nor sell,
live exclusively on the products of
the farm the world would come to a
halt." What about clothing and fuel
and what about money to pay taxes?
The capitalist government would tax
your land so high that you would be
compelled to render your produce at
the prices quoted or forfeit the land.
Previous to the inception of slavery
we have no State, but when primitive
rogue discovered that his fellowman
could produce more than his living the
State sprang up almost ln a generation.
It required the State, Government, to
protect the interest of the slave owners and keep the workers at their
The modern-State and Government
are just prototypes of their ancestors, institutions required to protect
the material interests ot the owners of
the chief material means of production and distribution and keep the
workers at their task.
Individual efforts of tbe farmers are
useless, combination Is required. Primitive man was surrounded on all sides
by carnivorous animals and to rid himself of those troublesome creatures he
dropped down from the branches ot
his early habitat, rounded up his
neighbors and by combined efforts
swept the country of these pests.
By combining with the nation's
workers on the political Held and with
intellectual weapons, the farmers can
at the ballot box sweep the earth of
human carnlvora by seizing all the
means of production and running them
for the use of all. Instead of for the
proflt of a few ^
The Socialist message spreads over
the eastern world with a rapidity almost equal to Its advance In western
lands. China now has a Socialist daily
paper. Its editor Is Ma Su, who ls a
private secretary to Mr. Sun Yat Sen.
The China Republican—that ls Its
name—In an article, "To the Public,"
ln its  first Issue, Bays:
"At tbe outset we may at once state
that we propose shaping our policy on
tbe lines of 'defense, not defiance,' and
our guilding principle, so far as possible shall be constructive rather than
"There can be no two opinion regarding the need that undoubtedly exists for an organ which shall Interpret
current events from the Chinese viewpoint. That this need doeB exist we
have nn doubt wlll ho admitted on all
sides possessed of reason and sound
judgment, and In Issuing this, our flrst
copy, we hnve but ventured lo step In
and All the void thus created. Wo hope
to make the Kepulillrun Hie channel
through  Which lo ventllalo our views
in a calm, reasonable manner, with restraint, mid Judgment.
"That china him at lasi awakened
from the centuries of lethargy In
which she had been sunk Ik today a
potential fact which Is Irresistible in
Its practical and stern reality. Her
children have thrown off the heavy
yoke of medievalism and the irammels
of superstition as they would a cumbrous and useless mantle, and are now
alive with a keen desire to Include
themselves among the nations that
count. They have ambitions, aspirations and a desire to see the land of
their birth honorably lako her place
In the scheme of the world's nations.
Of these legitimate aspirations, of the
people's hopes and fears, it shall be our
proud duty and constant aim to treat
from time to time, and, if need be, explain. In these days of empty platitudes and appalling ignorance, lt Ib
essential that erroneous Impressions
should be forthwith removed and errors in general corrected."
Will speak at the City Theatre ln
New Westminster on Sunday, October
27th.   Bring along your neighbor.
\.'\i "."' . '* :;.r .   '■
• ■l»""""i«™
Published every Saturday by thc Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor T-.mple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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can produce the nominal rate of profit after their wages (hay, oats and
stable), have been deducted.
From Schwab's own statement, he
and his class and its hangers-on, are
an utterly useless clasB. They take
no part in production. If they do anything at all it ls in the line of stealing and secreting that which the workers make. That is the only deduction
to be made from Schwab's remarks,
and Schwab is correct. Whether he
spoke the truth because of loyalty to
its mandate or because the hinges of
his tongue had been well oiled with
Mumm's extra dry, we wot not.
"At a gorgeous dinner of manufacturers given in Philadelphia," said
a member of congress (Congressional
Record, page 1435), "Charles M.
Schwab is reported by the press to
bave said:
" 'Fifteen thousand wage earners depend for their bread and butter upon
the Bethlehem Steel Company. You
see there is really nothing that enters
into the cost of manufacture but labor.
Materials? Analyze materials. You
will find that material means nothing
but labor. Freight and supplies? Analyze them. They mean nothing basically but labor; just so much labor.' "—Free Press.
If our memory fails us not, we have
been dinning something like the above
into the ears of Clarion readers for
the past eight years. Whether our
wisdom has been of such penetrative
power as to work its way through
the thick cranium of any wage-
slaves, we do not pretend to
know, but when such wisdom is
promulgated by so prominent
a personage as Schwab, it should be
readily absorbed by the contumacious
ass who accepts truth not for itself
alone but because of the notoriety of
its promulgator. Schwab; being a
"great captain of industry," great because he has snatched millions from
the modern industrial stew-pot, which
is kept at boiling point at the expense
, of the fat of wage-slaves, is surely a
more reliable authority upon the
source of value than any one who is
slot worth a hundred dollars, let alone
. Billions.
v' As wisdom impresses itself upon the
average dub only as it is voiced by
persons of wealth and position, it
seems exceedingly meritorious upon
the part of Schwab in thus unbosoming himself.
All value, expressed in terms of exchange, springs from labor, and labor
only. Capital has nothing to do with
the production of such value, as
Schwab evidently well understands.
The values created by labor take on
and aBStime the function and character
of capital, only as they become a
means or Instrument, in the hands of
their possessor or possessors, whereby additional or new values may be
acquired from the producers thereof.
The function of labor under capitalism is to produce exchange values.
The function of capital is to appropriate such valueB. The former deals
only with production; the latter solely
with appropriation.
There is no such thing as raw material" In exchange. Resources of the
earth, as yet untouched, it Is true, are
bought and sold, but not because they
constitute raw materials, but because
they afford a means of convertng the
potential value of labor into actual value In exchange. Resources of the
earth, no matter how great the magnitude are without value either potential or actual. Such resources cannot
be transformed Into either use values
or values In exchange without labor,
therefore, labor alone carries all value,
either potential or actual.
The wealth of the world Is produced
solely by labor. Hy the wealth of the
world Is meant that which is mens
ured In terms of the market, In terms
of exchange. Of this huge volume of
wealth the workers own practically
nothing. They have no control over
tho things Ihey have creuted. All control devolves upon those like Schwab,
who, because of their position In the
Industrial game, are enabled to possess themselves of ownership and mas
tary of ull thc means of production and
the products of Industry.
Wth such ownership of the means
of production also goes an equally absolute ownership of the working class
Itself. All workers must apply to
these musters (capitalists) for per
mission to labor, and this is equiva
lent to permission to live. It ls a matter of lire and death with tho workers
and no ownership can go farther than
thut, none can he more absolute and
Thanks; Schwab, old boy, for telling us lhe truth. All there Is to It
is labor. The Bethlehem Steel Works
has heen builded solely by labor; It is
operated solely by labor; Its valuation Ih merely the valuation of the
Dumber of slaves necessary to operate
It; ItB capitalization Is the money term
expressing the market value of
thoBo slaves, a value upon whicli they
"Why they that produce the world's
wealth do not own any of the world's
wealth, and why the class that enjoy
all the wealth of the world's production do not produce anything," were
social problems discussed by C. M.
O'Brien, M.P.P. for the Rocky Mountain riding, Alberta, at a largely attended meeting In Miners' Union hall last
"In seeking to flnd out the causes,'
said Mr. O'Brien, "Reformers take up
the tariff question, which does not help
to solve tbe problem. In England, tbe
land of free trade, there was poverty
and social unrest, while in Germany,
the land of high protection, conditions
were not any better. Another strongly
debated subject was the drink question. But those who do not drink are
not any better off than those who do
drink. No matter which way the subject was viewed, it was clear that the
human animal slaves' had but a very
small percentage of the wealth they
produced. The noble axiom, 'Britains
never shall be slaves,' was a horrible
shock to those who took the trouble to
Investigate facts about workers."
The speaker quoted the Canadian
Pacific railway as an illustration. That
company represented the capitalist
class which controlled the product of
labor. In its employ there were 70,000
slaves. As a result of their toil the
company paid dividends of anywhere
between ¥14,000,000 to $40,000,000 in a
year. Some on the payroll were drawing high salaries, but the vast majority
had but a miserable wage. Wages the
world over were nicely adjusted to a
slave's portion. As the wealth wan
concentrated so the army of slaves
widened. Never before In the history
of tbe world were there so many unemployed in the great labor markets
of the world.
A representative of British capital,
the Duke of Connaught, had Just
passed through the west. In the speaker's opinion the duke had never performed a useful act in his life. He
performed no useful function except to
the class to which he belonged. Hypnotizing the slaves of labor, the duke
had passed through the country ln
luxury with 14 cars to carry his wife
and daughter, while immigrants from
the old country and harvesters from
eastern Canada had travelled under
worse conditions than cattle. There
was always room for one more human
animal, while the regulations prevented the overcrowding of cattle and
Politicians told the electors to pass
reciprocity because lt would lighten
the cost of living. "Reciprocity," declared Mr. O'Brien, "had nothing to do
with it whatever. Dick McBride and
all the other tricksters worked for the
capitalists and did nothing for the
workers." Lloyd George with his
minimum wage act was as bad. The
underground animal slaves in the old
country were getting desperate. But
there was no need to go so far away.
Take railway construction in this province. The conditions under which
the work was carried out were deplorable. The life force of the working
class was a merchandise, bought and
sold in the labor market.
Indications were that Laurier was
about to force the country into an election, and if Robert F. Green were appointed minister of mines there would
be a bye-election In the Kootenays.
There was going to be a Socialist in
the fight, and it was up to the workers
to see that they were represented. The
only solution to the labor market merchandise problem was to remove it.
It reform meant anything lt meant
more wages and a higher standard of
living. Workers must equip themselves with facts. To get away with
the present conditions they must do
away with the capitalists and ownership. Power of knowledge was necessary if they were to defeat the sleight-
of-hand politicians. Both Liberals and
Conservatives were working for the
capitalist class, but Socialists were the
only people to protect the wage slave
class against the International capitalist class. Statistics from , Ottawa
showed that the average worker ln
Canada produced an average of $3,000
a year, while the average wage was represented by about $400. The difference went to make the mlllianaires
and multi-millionaires.—Nelson News.
As members of the working class we
are ready to appreciate the efforts of
those of our number who always show
willingness to fight against the rule of
Capital; but at the same time it is a
matter of much concern to us to note
how our forces are continually meeting with rebuffs and In fact, always
seem to be getting the wrong end of
the stick.
If there Is anything that should
teach the workers a lesson it is the
struggles that the I. W. W. and kindred organizations are continually engaged in, "kicking against the pricks,"
but themselves being the ones who
come out of the conflict bleeding and
sore. We can all admire the dogged
determination of such men as Ettor,
Glovannitti and Emerson and could
really wish that their efforts might be
productive of more beneficial resultB
for the class they represent. But do
not the results up to date only go to
prove how futile and obsolete are the
old methods of attacking the anomalies of the capitalist order of things?
If we would defeat the present masters
of the situation, we can only do so by
robbing them of their weapons, and
using them in our own interests. Potentially, the workers are all powerful,
but they misdirect their energy.
Ownership of the means of production by the workers Is the economic
foundation of freedom. Any proposal
short of that ls a misnomer and a
The working class will always be a
subject class as long as it Ib content
to bargain with thoBe who at present
own the means of production.
A true understanding of the working, of economic law under the present
form of ownership will convince us
that there ls no escape from servitude
for the dispossessed as long as lt continues.
The conditions under which the
worker is allowed to produce Is that
he surrender the whole of the product
of his toil to the owning class and to
receive in return a token of value
which on the average is barely sufficient to purchase the necessities of
life for himself and those who are to
take his place when he is worn out.
There Is no getting away from the fact
that none of us would be allowed to
produce if it were not that profit could
be made out of our toll. The whole
industrial system moves around this
centre—surplus value. It is the pivot,
without which the present system Ib
unworkable; cut lt out and capital itself is no more; to do that ls the mission of the working class. Let us see
to lt that we each render our mite of
power. It is no use waiting for Social-
Ism to come. If we want Socialism we
must get in the movement and work.
Idle loQkers-on are worse than useleBS.
It is not the business of the working
clasB to cringe and seek favors, but it
is their business to manifest their uncompromising hostility to the system
based upon capitalist ownership.
An enlightened Working class will
calmly but firmly relegate the capitalist system to the scrap-heap. There
will be no need for sentiment. Mr.
Capitalist will have the opportunity of
becoming a useful member of society,
for that he might to be truly thankful,
because no one knows better than himself that at present he ls but a parasite.
Moose Jaw, Sask., Oct. 17, 1912.
(Continued From Page One.)
Don't wait till they are all gone before sending In for a bound volume of
the 1911 Clarions. First come flrst
served, at $2.50 a volume. Only a few
In your name on the voters' list?
So long as the nation's resources and
productive and distributive machinery
are the private property of a privileged class, the masses will be at their
mercy, poverty will be their lot, and
life will be shorn of all that raises it
above the brute level.
True Individualism will only arrive
when the laws which now bridle a
snide individualism will no longer be
necessary? The sweater, burglar, llght-
welghter, adulterator have to be shackled under Capitalism. Abolish Capitalism and these people won't exist.
Socialism will give to every child
equal opportunities for mental and
physical development; good food, good
clothes good housing bright schools,
situated among the flowers and the
fields, where the morning song of the
rising lark shall gently wake It from
slumbers InBtead of the horrible buzzer of the factory hell, where during
the school hours Its mind will not be
maimed, where it will learn to seek
truth Instead of fleeing in terror at
it approach, where it will learn that
it Is more Important to live well than
to die well, and at the day's close
wander amid the ripening corn or
watch the sun pass through the gateway of the golden west.
A great many people are making a
campaign against Socialism. Without
exception they are misrepresenting lt,
telling what they think Socialism
might be, or declaring what they imagine it to be, that it stands against the
nome and religion. It is only .fair, before you judge a matter, that you Investigate it. You would not want to
be condemned in court with only the
evidence against you submitted and
nothing In your favor. Be as fair relative to Socialism and study what it
really is before you condemn it.
This comrade, whom we hope will
soon delifeht our intellect with his
vigorous and original pen, remarked
to use something after this manner:
"Man is something more than a gizzard on stilts." Privately we confess
we were so flabbergasted by this totally unexepected, belated theological
thunderbolt that we nearly sank
through the floor, but having acquired
a measure of self-control as a result
of previous encounters and hairbreadth escapes, we managed by a
supremo effort to pull ourself together
and we hope presented a fairly tolerable counterfeit of the not totally annihilated being we were far from
feeling. But In the meantime our
theologian had marched away with the
laurels of victory. Hence this tale of
Now if any comrade can put us next
to a greater incongruity than a naturally Intelligent man who accepts biological evolution while balking at mate
rialism, the writer would be highly
pleased to hear of lt. But the explanation is easy. A single glance at
a case of this kind reveals the cloven-
hoof of theology protruding as big as a
house. This discredited imposter having been put to utter rout on the great
battlefields of astronomy, geology,
physicB, biology and sociology, makes
a last despairing charge on the plains
of psychology and finally breaks his
thick skull against the adamantine
wall ol materialistic science.
The truth of the matter is that our
hard pressed anti-materialist ls ransacking the cosmoB for an unexplored corner ln which to hide his mysterious and elusive gods, having
sensed the fact that science will exterminate them the moment he risks
these precious hallucinations ln ItB
sight. He wlll flnd, however, that science has now turned her blazing
searchlight on every nook and cranny
and aB a result the spooks have vanished with the darkness which was
their habitat.
The great La Place, ln answer to
Bonaparte's Inquiry as to where the
Creator functioned in his "Mechanlque
Celeste," (Nebular Theory), ls said
to have replied: "Sire, I have managed without that hypothesis," and
more recently Haeckel voiced the
truth by saying, "Science has wrested
the whole cosmologlcal domain from
theology. God has been conducted to
the cosmologlcal frontier and thanked
for His provisional services."
The militant anti-materialist Is flogging a dead horse. The only material-
Ism he knows is the gross, perverted,
restricted thing of the beginning of
the materialist period. The cause of
this form has already been shown.
The cause of Its death ls obvious. It
denied the existence of the soul and
of spirituality, both of which are now
known to exist, but they are but the
manifestations of material things.
Thus materialism is purged of its objectionable features and its foundation placed upon bedrock. The spiritual, which is chiefly manifested in
the human race by the thirst for cosmologlcal knowledge and an Intense
desire for a higher plane of living, is
a form Oi materialism which might be
termed the idealistic.
Everything In existence ls natural-
physical—materialistic. The supernatural—metaphysical — theological)
exist only ln the Imagination. Tho
truth of this ls proven by the simple
fact that when once anything is understood it is universally no longer
considered supernatural. The echo of
the human voice for instance was
supposed to be of supernatural origin
until Its cause was discovered. Science
with glacler-Hke progress has rolled
the cosmologlcal veil of mystery ever
backward with relentless hand. The
last citadel of metaphysical superstition has capitulated to its inexorable
advance. Anti-materialism is dead.
Everything that exists Is material.
The cosmos Is material. The laws
governing the movements of the planets are material. Man's mind as well
as his body is material. Consciousness, thought and religion are material
and all that the metaphysicians
claimed as being foreign to material-
Ism are demonstrated by science to be
the finer manifestations of material
things and there Is no Me apart from
matter. Idealistic, materialistic monism ls the most elevating and highest
form of thought which evolution has
yet produced In man. Yes, decidedly
man is now something more than a
"stomach on stilts"—thanks to evolution—the Btudy of which theology
combatted with all Its superstition
and Ignorant power aB long as it was
In addition to the anti-materialists
we also have materialists more or less
gross in the Socialist movement.
Those who think Marx was one may
be surprised to learn that those who
knew him intimately assure us that
the gross materialist filled him with
Infinite horror. He was a wonderful
example of that rara avis, the jjractl-
cal Idealist—a well-nigh perfect Idealistic materialist.
May we all strive to be such!
Socialist   Party   Di'rectory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second and fourth Tuesday.*1 Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, JJunsmuir
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Tuesdays In month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm. Watts, Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East.    Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
 tary, Box 647,  Calgary.	
ECUTIVE, B. T. ol C, Invites all com
rades residing In Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organlza
tlon matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West. Moose Jaw,
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
tlrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Room open to everybody at 512 Cor-
. dova Street East, 2' p. m. Secretary,
P.  Anderson,  Barnet, B. CL
LOCAL   VANCOUVEB,   B.    C,    MO.    4B,
Finnish. Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays in the month at 21S
Hastings St. East. Ovla Llnd, Secretary.
LOOAL VANCOUVEB No 1, 8. T. ot O.	
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East, H. Kahim, Secretary.
Committee: Notice—This card ls in
sorted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested ln the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Beoretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St..  Winnipeg.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada
meets every second nnd fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton office of the
Purty, Commercial Street, Glace tiav,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary; Rnx
491, Glace Bay. N. S,
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, No. 89, 8. P. of 6.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir street. Business meeting on flrst
of every month at S p.m. Secretary,
v. Lefeaux, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
LOCAL    FEBNIE,   8.  P.   of   C,    HOLD
holds educational meetings In the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
i:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
?las.?.,?vei*"*' Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wilmer, secretary, Box 380.
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
li?,?, p,m-    E- Campbell, Organizer.
Wlll Jones,  Secretary,  Box  126.
Finnish branch   meets ln   Flnlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
secretary, Box 54, Roasland, B.C
LOOAL   MICHEL,  B.  0.,  NO.   IS,   8.  P.
of C, holds propaganda, meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the flrs'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. ln the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. T. W. Brown,
LOOAL  NELSON,   8.   P.  Of  O.,
every Friday evening at 8 p,m., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Aus-
tin. Secretary.
LOOAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,    NOL    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings art Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary
LOCAL SANDON, B. C, NO. 36. 8. P. OF
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall
Communications to be- addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
Headquarters and reading room 576
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m., corner of
Yates and Langley.	
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. In Public Library Room. Johr
Mclnnls, Secretary: Andrew Allen
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post offlce. Financial Secretarv Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO. '   ».
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meeting* at 8 p.m. on the first
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alt*.:
Secretary. Jas. Glendennlng, Box IS
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any dav at Miners' Hall
Secretary, wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St
Business and propaganda meeting*
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.:
Organizer,  W.   Stephenson.
of C.—Business  meeting every Saturday evening nt S o'clock at the headquarters,   134  Ninth  Ave.   West.
S.   K,   Read,   Secretary.
every   Sunday.    Trades     Hall,   t p.m.
Business   meeting,   second    Friday,    t
Trades  Hall.    W.  B.  Bird, Gen.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third Sundays In the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. P»a-
cock, Box 1983
OF C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m„ In tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class everv Sunday, It a.m.
W. McAllister, Secretary, Box 587. A.
Stewart organizer.
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Buslnesa meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every
Sunday at 8 o'clock In the Dreamland
Theatre, Main St. Secretary, J.
O'Brien, Room 12, 630 Main St.
LOCAL  OTTAWA NO. 8,  8. V, of O.—
Business meetings flrst Sunday In
month In the Labor Hall, 219 Bank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary, Sam Hor-
wlth, "The Wblte Book Store," 144
Rldeau Street, Ottawa.
TIME—Headquarters In Rukasin
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 168; Harold G. Ross, organizer.
Box 605.
LOOAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:80 in the ,S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary. Box 344.
TION of the S. P. of C, is organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukralnean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New-
Society), at 443 Klnlstlno Ave., Edmonton, Altn. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to .T, Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
Cards Inserted $1.00 a Month
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party ot Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
I jibor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong.
The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership ot
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and* degredation.
The Interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at tbe
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property ln the meanB ot wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt
by political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when ln office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
interests of the working class and aid the workers ln their class struggle against capitalism? If tt will, the Socialist Party Is for it; If lt
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to lt
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed ln its hands ln such a manner
as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
Economic Blavery Is tne world's
greatest curse today. Poverty and
misery, prostitution, insanity and
crime are Its Inevitable results.
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00
"S OWN" 0.0ut«RS. 0P
ft|rST |N B.C. ClO^ 8ATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1912,.
West Rand Mines, Krugersdorp.    j    jugt a few done thelr ahare of the
Sept. 14th, 1912. work necessary  for the continuation
To the Editor Western Clarion:    k     „f   the Western   Clarion   this   week.
Dear  Comrade—Enclosed  you  wlll Here they are:
flnd a money order to the value ot q q  vennesland, Granum, Alta  13
10b„ which I forward as a yearly sub- D. m. Coutts, Vernon, B.C    4
scrlptlon for the Western Clarion. As c  M  O'Brien, Organizer    4
the subscription is only one dollar a q   Beagrie, Calgary, Alta    3
year, you might be so good as to utll- c  j  Johnson, Westbrldge, B.C    2
ize    the    surplus    ln    forwarding    a j  watBonj Winnipeg, Man    2
bunch of your literature, particularly '■ j  c  Turner, Victoria, B.C    2
four or five copies of the Manifesto , Si nodes
of the S. P. C. a few of Summary of I RayGadselSi ComapJIX| BfJ . Ed L
Marx' Capital," "Value, Price and Ruavk Harrison MlllB B c . j p Har.
Proflt," and "Struggle for Ex-.stence."  jper_ Hardy Bay> B c .' j T DempSter,
I have been a Socialist for a few Clayton, B. C; F. E. Bishop, Medicine
years now. I became one through read- Hat, Alta.; J. Stewart, Moosejaw,
ing Blatchford's Clarion and other Sask.; J. Heaton, Keewatln, Ont.; D.
Socialist literature and doing a little! Alexander, Brantford, Ont.; D. Thom-
thlnking for myself, but, Mr. Editor,'son, St. Catherines, Ont; C. Foster,
until introduced to your paper and j Sydney Mines, N. S.; Thos. E. Mason,
subsequently to Karl Marx I never got, Montreal, Que.; J. Sldaway, Vancou-
down to the baBe on which the real ver; Mrs. T. Mott, Vancouver; Thomas
Shooter, Transvaal, S. A.
B. Taylor, Sydney Mines, N. S.,
Socialist doctrine is built.   I wbb always confused  in  my thoughts  and
easily cornered in an argument.   This
used to annoy me greatly, as I was
firmly   convinced   that   the  Socialist
doctrine was right, yet here was I unable to defend or even properly define j '
it.   But one day I met a comrade from I    We have Deen compelled *° wlth-
Brltlsh  Columbia and  he  introduced |draw  the Premiums  that have  been
me to your paper and to Karl Marx joftered  to  the  comrades  sending  in
and  Paul Lafargue, and he lent me the P^atest amount in   subs   during
a copy of Manifesto of S. P. C, and
then I began to see the light, and get
down to the economic base of socclety
and the materialistic conception of history and now no more confusion for
On Monday, Oct. 7th, the case was
tried and of all the fool and lying evidence ever given by a policeman, Fin-
nlgan gave it. Gordon Henderson, K.
C, who acted for the prisoner, along
with comrades and' other witnesses,
had no trouble In proving that Ottawa
had at least one stalwart who was
both a fool and a brute. The case was
This is the third time in four weeks
that the "right of free speech and
peaceful assembly" has been assailed
by the very ones whose duty should
be to protect and assist same. Three
times have the police made law abiding citizens play the role of criminals,
detnining them overnight on charges
of obstruction, assault and previous
bad record, and this with not a veB-
tige of evidence in sight, other than
that they were Socialists. The press
In relating any interview with the authorities, states that street speaking
is a contravention of By-law No. 3387,
which will in future be rigidly enforced. Whether this applies to the
Salvation Army or other expressions
of economic depravity, remains to be
seen. One thing is sure, the comrades
here are not set back by the recent
samples of "immaculate justice." They
have learned to look upon such manifestations of might philosophically,
knowing full well the treatment thai
has been doled out to the members of
their class elsewhere, when they had
the courage to express their opinions
regarding existing conditions in this
our (?) free country. It has more
than convinced some that the cartoon
which appeared in February 17 issue
was a stern reality, not only in Vancouver, but everywhere under the rule
of capital, and that we must look for
these reflections of the "ass in the
(Continued from last week)
the month on account of the lack of
enthusiasm ln that direction. When
we made that offer we expected to get
a fairly decent bunch of subs, but we
have received less than before, so we llon's skIn'" tm the workers rise as a
cannot go to the expense of getting the class and a8sert their ml-5ht t0 tUe
'And now. Mr. Editor, wishing "the Premiums.    Those comrades who did °nl V'f* .T? ^"f' °am°11y* tne
h.  .nly Clarion" that deals out the right m*^ <*"  effort will  be remembered    P™duc   of their toll      To this end
stuff for the workers  every success when we make the offer at some other 'et UB a11 play our part and speed the
time, if we live through the present    ay
•nd the same to the S. P. C, I remain,
Yours for the Revolution,
Thomas Shooter.
West Rand Con. Mines, Krugersdorp.
Transvaal, South Africa.
We can supply you with the books
mentioned below from tbe office of the
Western Clarion, postpaid, at the following prices:
Boelsche's The Evolution of Man .50
Boelsche's The Triumph of Life.. .50
Dletzgen's Philosophical Essays.. 1.00
Dletzgen's  Positive Outcome   of
Philosophy  1.00
Engels'   Socialism,   Utopian   and
Scientific    50
Engels'  Feuerbach    50
Engels'  Landmarks of  Scientific
Socialism     1.00
Engels' Origin of the Family 50
Ferrl's  The  Positive  School   of
Criminology   50
Ferrl's    Socialism   and    Modern
Science  1.00
Fitch's   Physical   Basis  of  Mind
and Morals  1.00
France's Germs of Mind in Plants .50
Kautsky's The Class Struggle... .50
Kautsky's The Social Revolution. .50
Kautsky's Ethics and Materialist
Conception  of History 50
Labriola's   Materialistic   Conception of History....-  1.00
Labriola's Socialism and Philosophy    1.00
Lafargue's The Evolution of Property    60
Lafargue's The Right to Be Lazy
and Other Studies 60
Lafargue's Social and Philosophical  Studies    • 50
La   Monte's   Socialism,   Positive
and Negative 50
Lewis'* (Arthur  M.)   The Art  of
Lecturing 50
Lewis' (Arthur M-> Evolution, Social and Organic	
Lewis' (Arthur M.) Marx vs. Tolstoy   (Darrow Debate)	
Lewis'   (Arthur  M.)   Teh   Blind
Leaders    *....	
Lewis'   (Arthur M.)  Vital  Problems in Social Evolution	
Lewis' (Austin) The Militant Proletariat   	
Llebknecht's   Memoirs   ot   Karl
Marx   50
Marx's Capital, Vol. 1  2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. II  2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. Ill  2.00
Marx's Critique of Political Economy     1.00
Marx's  The Poverty of Philosophy   1.00
Marx's Revolution and Counter-
Revolutlon   60
Marx's Value, Price and Profit.. .50
Marx and Engels' The Communist
Manifesto   60
Morgan's Ancient Society  1.60
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol. 1 1.60
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol. II  1-60
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol. Ill  1.50
Plechanoff's Socialism and Anarchism    50
Telchmann'B Life and Death 50
Ward'B The Ancient Lowly, Vol. I. 2.00
Ward's The Ancient Lowly, Vol.H. 2.00
War, What For? Klrkpatrlck 1.20
Local Edmonton No. 1—       ,
Per Wm. Stevenson $   3.60
Per J. R. Knight    13.00
Per H. Geary      1.761
Per Christ Pederson      1.00
Per Wm. McQuold 50
Local Barons No. 47—
Per Elvlrl Antljuntti      1.25
Local St. John No. 6— |
Per D. Bassen t. 65
Local Montreal No. 1—
Per K. Johnson      3.10
Local Ottawa No. 8—
Per E. S. Oldham      3.00
Per A. Bennenson      1.25
Per S. Horwlth 35
Per R. Burns 45
Previously acknowledged  174.85
The appeal of the Socialist Party
ls to all the useful people of the nation, all who work with brain and
muscle to produce the nation's wealth
and who promote its progress and conserve Its civilization.
The police, not content with their
recent vain attempt on Sept. 7 to stop
Socialist propaganda, again showed
their claws on Saturday October 5.
On the night ln question Local No.
8 held Its regular open meeting, but
this time at the corner ot Bank and
Sparks Streets, after the Salvation
Army and its crowd had dispersed,
Comrades Roberts McCallum and
Burns taking turns at speaking. After
the second speaker had finished he
was accosted by a policeman "on the
outside of the audience," and asked lt
he had a permit from the chief to
speak? Upon being Informed that no
permits were issued for such and that
anyone could exercise the right of free
speech, providing they did not cause
an obstruction, the policeman ordered
those around him to move on. Comrade A. Leckie who was standing near,
chanced to remark "Why did you not
move the Salvation Army who were
here half an hour ago? Their audience was three times as large as this
Policeman: That ls none of your
business." When Leckie again remarked that he was a ratepayer and
approved of lecturing on the street,
the policeman clutched his interrogator by the throat, doubling him to his
knees. Leckie In this position caught
hold of the law by the legs bringing
him to the ground thereby saving himself from strangulation.
While the struggle was at its height
the spectators were for mobbing the
Suppose we admit all of this, is not
our case still strong? Capital does all
the harm to the worker's family that
the drink does and more. Capital deprives a man of all but the barest necessities of life and in cases where the
man has met with some accident even
of these. Capital crowds the worker's
family Into the noisome tenement,
ten to a room and keeps them herded
together like sheep ln a pen where
there is every Invitation for all the
diseases that plague civilization. Mr.
Lee Welling Squler in his book, "Old
Age Dependency in the United States,"
shows that a least 6 per cent, of the
workers In America receive less than
a living wage. In other words more
than half of the people are deprived
of sufficient food and adequate shelter. When we co'nsider that these people are allowed to starve when the
v/arehouses and stores are bursting
with plenty, the enormity of the offence is all the more amazing. Yet
Capital does this. Capital poisons the
very food they are allowed to have,
Capital adulterates the medicines they
take to cure the chill brought on by
the cold and damp Imposed by the
conditions unnder which they live and
work. Capital mixes the wool In
their garments with shoddy. Capital
fills the soles of their shoes with paper. Capital drives the mothers out
into the shops to work for bread while
the baby waits. Capital drives their
children into the crime of the streets.
Capital drives their daughters into the
brothels. Capital does all this and
there is none who can resist. There
ls nowhere ln thjs world that we
can flee to be free. Bond slaves from
the day we are born, tied to the whel
all our lives, and at last broken in the
masters' service.
But is the charge they make
against drink wholly true? Drink is
npt the whole cause of the addled
brains and dullness as well as the
weakness. Dr. Thompson of the Royal
College of Science ln Dublin made
the statement publicly that the chlet
cause of laziness ln workingmen is
lack of nutriment. The Chicago
School Board found that by giving the
children one good wholesome meal a
day the standard of scholarship was
appreciably raised and the number ot
defectives was reduced greatly, thus
demonstrating conclusively that lack
of decent food is one of the causeB of
backward children and the great and
increasing number of juvenile delinquents.
Capital denies us good food although
there Is food in abundance for us all
and more than that we made the food
ourselves. This is a greater harm
than drink ever does. The reformer
should fight Capital.
Prohibition of selling liquor Is absolutely impossible under our present
system of society. It might be possible to get tht most Btringent prohibition act ever devised by man push-
(Mgr. Giovanni Bonzano, New Romanj ed through the legislature, but we are
Catholic Apostolic Delegate to the
United States.)
Socialism is Irreligious. Socialists
say they are attempting to establish a
paradise on earth. They are not interested in the life that is to come.
Scoffing at things of the spirit; they
dwell wholly in the present. They are
P. S.—The police and the preBs of
late have given us lots of publicity, in
fa t they have done more real propaganda than ever we hoped to do ourselves. For this they ought to be
Enderby Oct 20th
Dear sirrs
As your paper the western Clarion
haB been coming to my adress in Enderby unsolicitated by me and owing
to the fact that I am not in synpathy
with your atheist teachings and Ideas.
So please have my name scored from
your list and discontinue to to send
your trashy reading to me
Yours Sincerely
a labour slave.
anti-Christian, and In Europe practice
the hideous doctrine of free love, thus
striking at the home and at the very
foundation of civilization,. Socialism
Is coarsely materialistic. It destroys
human character. Moreover, Socialism
attacks property—not alone the mills
and factories of the rich, but the cottages of tire poor, which were raised
up by thrift, industry and self-sacrifice.
not done with the matter then. The
prohlbltionlstB have the idea that all
that Is necessary to put an end to
their pet abomination is to pass a law
forbidding It. They forget that a
law Ib of no value unless It is enforced.. Our statutes are crowded
with  laws  forbidding this  and  that.  value no matter how long it Ts"left!
duction or even analyze any one step
completely we may flnd something
that will help us out later. We are
now considering only those people who
make the booze. No one will deny
that the main spring of their action
ls the profit made out of the manufacture.
How ts the proflt made?
By selling the article at a price
higher than lt has cost to produce
it.   No one will deny tills, either.
What are the elements of production.
Barley, hops, etc., the plant and
the human labor power. All of these
elements give value to the finished
article. The profit can be made only
in one of two ways. Either by buying
the elements at less than their value
or by some of the elements giving values to the article greater than they
have cost. Mark well these two possibilities.   There are no other.
Let us consider the barley, for Instance. It might be possible at different periods of time for the owner of
the brewery to buy barley at less than
its value but he could not depend
upon doing so. As surely as he were
able to buy it for less than ItB value at
one time at another he would be
compelled to buy it for more and ln
this case the extra profit made on the
former transactions would be swallowed up by the latter. As a rule the
price of the barley will be almost exactly Its true value now fluctuating
above and again below. The buyer
must make provision for buying his
barley at its true value.
This same thing applies to the hops
and other materials he uses. So we
can not assume that the profit ls going to be made by purchasing hfs materials at lesB than their values.
Our next point to examine Is can
these raw materials give to the finished article values greater than
themselves? They can not. By the
brewing and malting the brevier
changes the form of the materials and
whatever value they had before Is
transferred to the new substances. It
has taken added value, but not from
the material. We see that the proflt is
not made off the materials the brewer
Let us examine the factory through
which the material passes while taking on new form. The plant is so
much crystallized labor. This labor
is used up ln the process of manufacturer and the value of lt ls given
to the material. However, as the plant
can be used over and over again tbe
value is not all transferred at once
but the transfer takes place gradually through a period extending over a
number of years. If the plant ls so
built that on the average it will last
and be useful for ten years it will
have transferred all its value to the
products going through it in ten years'
time. If we can find out tho number
of gallcns of beer that passes through
that plant In ten years we can find
out the value the plant gives to eacli
gallon of beer. We know that the
plant can give no more than this because it is only so much material ln
another form.
If we lay a stick of wood out of
doors It will never increase in form,
shape or usefulnes to humanity.
Therefore  It  will   never  increase  In
"Well, George," said the president
of the company to old George, "how
goes lt?"
"Fair to mlddlin', sir," George answered. And he continued to currycomb a bay horse. "Me an' this here
hoss," George said suddenly, "hss
worked for your firm sixteen years
"Well, well," said the president,
thinking a little guiltily of George's
seven-dollar salary. "And I suppose
you are both pretty highly valued
George, eh?"
From cover to cover they are
crammed with acts that if carried out
in the spirit with which they were
passed would make this world a paradise, yet this poor old world goes on
getting worse and worse every year.
No law can ever be enforced until
there is a majority at least who want
It enforced. And as a general rule a
bare majority will not suffice, but an
overwhelmingly majority. In North
Dakota there is a good working majority of the people who want prohibition and they have got It, yet that
law does not prohibit. The bare majority is not able to force their ideas
but on the contrary it will begin to
rot and gradually lose form, substance
Table A.
Wines and Liquors-
No. of establishments!  183!
Capital    :'..;.... .$20,467,38»f
Wage earners    3,208-
Wages and salaries      1,270,772^
Product    ..,      9,191,700''
Drepciatlon at 5 per cent..      450,585
Materials ;     3,192;696* -
Table B. Formulas.
Products minus materials    plus    depreciation equal product of labor.
19,191.100 — ($3,192,696 + $459,585)*=
Product of Labor minus Wages equals
If we examine this table we will
see that after all expenses are paid
and a reasonable allowance for wear
and tear of the plant is made, there
is left $5,539,419. We maintain that
this has been produced by tho men
catually engaged in the plant itself.
We include every man who takes part
in the operation and. not merely the
manual. laborers. But these men did
not get all of this. They were compelled to accept $1,2.70,722 and give
the rest to the shareholders of the
plant, who probably never saw lt, or
cared about it only as a dividend producer. The men who actually did the
work were allowed to keep 21.1 per
cent of what they made and give the
rest, 78.9 per cent, to the masters.
It is the possibility of taking this
wealth from their employees that
urges men to go into the brewing
business and to do all in their power
to increase the drinking capacity ot
other workers in order that there may
be a greater field for the exploitation
of their own workers.
The workers divided up what they
had made with others who had done
nothing. Now these workers did not
divide up because they had more than
they could use themselves. They only
received on average $396 per year, or
about $1.30 per day, and that is not
enough to support life decently ln most
parts of this country. They did not divide up because they were charitable.
They do not know the masters even
by name and not knowing them they
could have no interest In them. They
did not give It up because they wanted to. They do not want to. They
all have unions for the purpose of increasing the portion the masters allow them to keep. They gave this up
because the master compelled them
to or he would not allow them to
work at all. They were obliged to be
content with that amount or they
must keep away from the factory, and
the police, the courts and the militia
are ready to back the masters up
when they say "Keep off!" The fac*
tory owners use their possession of;
that factory as a. club to make them,
divide up. The fact that they could.
use the factory so. Is their only reason for putting it up at all. They do
not manufacture beer or any other
kind of intoxicating liquor because
they want to, but because the making
of it gives them the power to exploit,
men to their own benefit.
Booze Is the product of our sys<-
tern of production for profit. If we
had production for use only we would
have very little booze of any kind at
all and that only for proper use. If
we were to do away with production
for profit we would do away with one
group of people who stand In the way
of temperance.
From time to time we receive letters
from Clarion readers asking Informa-
and usefulness, consequently its value j Uon on BubJects of general interest,
will depart. It is the same with every IThe sreat ""-ai0'"1*-"-* of these we have
olher commodity, but one. The ma- been oD»s*ed to leave unanswered be-
terials and the plant can not give to cause other ami more Pressing mat-
the beer any values greuter than them- ,terB in connection with editing and
selves. The manufacturer buys tbem setting out the ™arlon have taken up
at their value so that there ls no prof- ,an mlr time'and attention. However,
It made on these things. iu  comrade has volunteered    his Ber-
There ls one other element In the vlces for tnls particular work and can
production of beer tbat we have not;be relled "P°n to &vo every question
touched yet; that ls the human labor :,he consideration and attention its Im-
power applied to the various machln- j Portance may warrant,
ery in order to change the form of the j Questions must be written on paper
materials and make them more valu-i separate from other   correspondence,
H'm," said George, "the both of us
policeman, but were held In check by I was took sick last week, and they got
the comrades who are ever watchful to a doctor for the hoss, but they just
maintain order. Leckie did not resist
going to the lockup with his assaulter
when the latter had recovered from
his frenzied "frothing fit,"
Upon arriving at the station several
comrades and sympathizers attempted
to interview the sergeant ln charge
regarding his bail and all were received, the tame aa the writer, with
a snarl like that emanating from a
wild beast, as follows: "I don't care
who you are, you're not wanted here;
GET OUT!" A blind comrade, who
was ejected from the station, was determined to flnd out why he should be
thus treated, when desiring to transact legitimate business, went to see
the magistrate at his home and there
learned that the prisoner was charged
with assault and had been up before
on a similar charge, which was a d—d
dooked   my
pay."—Woman's   Home
Proud and pompous, the doctor was
strolling down the street, when he was
accosted by a poor woman.
"Good morning, sir," remarked the
"Good morning, madam," replied the
"I expect you're making a good thing
out\of attending to that rich Smith
boy?" suggested the lady.
"Oh, yes, a fairly good foe," replied
the doctor, angrily.
"Well," whispered the lady "I hope
you won't forget that lt waB my Willie
who threw the brick that hit him."—
upon the reBt of the people, though | able to uan.   Human labor power Is a !wl,h  tne questioner's    name    signed
commodity bought and sold on the j thereto. In answering questions in-
world's markets exactly like wheat, ltlals only wl" De UBeo-
wood or coal, but it differs from all | R- °-. Comapllx, B.C., askB our ad-
these other things in that It can give Ivlce llB *° Joining a certain "fraternal"
back values greater than Itself. The society. We cannot advise you to join
price of human labor power ls the cost|'nttt society or any other. If you al-
of living. ' The amount of food, cloth- ready belong to ono and a thorough
ing and shelter that ls necessary to | student of Socialism you may be able
keep the man In Bhape to work the t0 (1° K°0(I educational work when op-
they may write their wishes upon thu
statute books. With regard to prohi
bltlon there are two groups of people who do not want the selling of
booze curtailed. Those who manufacture the stuff and those who drink
It. These two groups make up far
more than one-half of the total population and, therefore, as long as they
are ln the same position and as long
as they have the Ideas that they have
today, prohibition Is Impossible.
Most of the drinking In this world
ls forced upon men by circumstances
beyond their control. Most of lt by
men who have a financial interest in
their drinking. These men are they
who make a profit off the production
of liquor. By the term produbtlon we
mean the complete process of making
the article and getting It to the people who want to use It. Production,
speaking literally, ls not complete until the article ln question is brought
to the point of ultimate consumption.
The production of intoxicating liquor
next day. By the use of modern machinery the productive power of a
man has been so Increased tbat today
one man can produce more than sufficient to keep him fit for work. As a
rule his powers are sufficient to maintain about five men.
He Is ablo to support himself
and family and, on the average, one
other man and his family. However
ho Kels barely enough to keep himself alive and the owner of the factory
gets the rest. Here ls where the profit
comes In. The owner of the factory
makes the prollt by exploiting men and
making tbem divide up.
I  have Btatcd the theory, now let
then takes ln not only the brewers I UB examine tho actual conditions to
and distillers, but the wholesalers and! see If our theory works out. I have
the retail sellers, whether sold ln ho-1 taken the following figures from tho
tels, saloons or blind pigs.
The reason these men want other
men to drink to excess and to their
own detriment is that they are able
The bosses' open shop >s the unions''t0 make a proflt oft the Production.   It
open grave. • we examine all the Bteps In the pro-
Canada year book of 1901. I used
them for that year because In that
year figures were published that havo
not since been available.
Read, What ls Socialism.   10 cents.
portunity offers. As you are evidently
a beginner In the study sf Socialism,
by i.ll means stay out If you Intend to
continue your studies, for to join will
subject you to disappointment and to
your leaving It In disgust eventually.
This Is especially true of the society
you mention, which fosters religious
differences and Ib really, In so far as
I have been connected with it, merely
a political club. If you feel you ought
to do something and there Ib not a
Socialist Local ln your riding, become
a member at large by forwarding your
application to the secretary (W.
Watts) of the Provincial Executive
Committee, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
B. C. You can alBO order, say, a bundle of ten Clarions per week and distribute them around to those whom
you think would bo Interested. You
wlll thereby become an active member
In the greatest movement the world
has ever known, beside which those
so-called fraternal societies fade Into
absolute nothingness. PAGE FOUR
By Wilfrid  Gribble.
(Continued from last week)
I fear I am putting my hero ln bad
tor the start, but you, reader, have
got to take him as I had, as you find
And so the day passed and that flrst
■evening at sea, and at last George
went to his berth to be lulled to sleep
by the gentle vibration caused by the
beat of the engines, to awaken in the
.morning to the brief wonder and a
■quick realization of where he waB.
The hearty meals (it was calm weather and George wasn't seasick), the
deck games, the new acquaintances,
' 'the exchange of experiences, all helped to pass the time away, day by day.
The sorrow of leaving the old lana
*was rapidly giving place to the anticipation of arriving at the new, but, for
all that, the tin trunk was often opened
and a look taken at the photograph of
bis mother and of his dead father and
of one other, which George did not
Msb, for George Was a sensible chap,
■who realized that a bit of pasteboard
could not appreciate a kiss, and who
knew that, though the photo pleased
his eyes, it could never satisfy his
When the shores of Canada came
In view his letters were all written
ready for mailing home, full of his
experiences on the voyage and full of
iope for the future, and once more he
leaned over the liner's rail, looking
ahead   this   time   instead of astern,
watching  the   shore  becoming  more
clearly defined Instead of more dim,
and with a swelling heart and eager
■eyes rather than an aching throat and
misty vision, for this was the prom-
Used land that he was nearing;  this
-was ;the   country   whetfe   there   was
room   and   work  for  everyone.    He
would be able to "make money" here;
be would be able to send money home;
he would be able to bring his mother
out and see that she did not slave to
make both ends meet, as he had always known her to do in the old land,
and, in due course, he would write and
ask "the girl" to join him, for though
there had yet been no expressed understanding between them, he knew
she but waited 'the word to share his
* 'Jot in the new country. • It would not
take long, the "big money" he would
be able to make, would enable him to
,  accomplish his object within a year.
Perhaps he would- go home himself
and fetch them out; .perhaps lt would
-   be better to  save his own passage
-money home and, back and send the
.    money to bring them, Instead of going
{'himself.      Anyhow there was plenty
-of time to think of and arrange for
that.   The first thing to do. now was
./to  get ashore,  find  work and  save
In this spirit George stepped ashore
as many others have stepped ashore
In Canada, as many others will step
-ashore, to learn that there is no more
security ln employment, no more certainty of a decent living on this side
of the Atlantic than on the other;
that, at best, "the soup is possibly a
little thicker" here, but, as this is
early in the story we will, for the present, leave George Lowden as he was
' tben, not as he is now, ashore in Halifax, with his little English tin trunk
containing his clothes, his keepsakes
and his photographs; with eyes eager
-with anticipation, spirit strong with
determination' and a heart filled with
hope for the future.
Everything happened according to
■ the schedule of George's anticipations
when he struck the mining town of,
Glassy Sound. He hoped to strike
work at once, and he did—he was,
given a place, in one of the mines as
soon as he asked for it. As he wasn't
to start work till the following morning
lie spent the rest of the day in "looking
around," getting acqualuted, and renewing acquaintances with some who
bad come from the same town as hlm-
- self ln the old country. His mates
who had come on the same ship had
heen, mostly, as fortunate as himself,
and were also "looking around," noting and remarking the points of resemblance and of difference between
this mining tpwn and a mining town
In "fold" country. The chief dlffere-
ence they noticed was the number of
"foreigners" here, with their various
types and languages. They had been
used to hearing nothing but the English language, or that dialect of it
known as "Lancky"—short for Lancashire—but here were Italians, Bel-
. gians, Germans, and a number of
other "forelgii" nationalities, together
with Scotch, English, WelBh, native-
born Canadians, and a few Americans.
-Another point of difference was thej
■Bust that scarcely any ot the buildings, even of the "better class," were
of brick or stone, but of wood, whereas in the old country, wooden buildings are practically unknown. Someone proposed a drink, and here they
discovered another strong point of
.difference from a mining town In
•"fold" country—there wasn't a drink
to be bought ln all the town, nor in
all he country round, for Glassy
Sound waa a Godly community, which
had been voted "dry."
They were to discover later, however, that there were waya and means
-of getting   liquor, and tueh   liquor,
even In Glassy Sound,' when one became "known."
The Impossibility of getting a "drop
o' beer" seemed to this group of exiles
the only thing to grumble at, and they
did grumble at It. The very fact that
they couldn't get it made them wish
for it the more. Here was everything
else wanted, but no beer. However, as
the day passed tbey became aware
that everyone else was "on the
grumble" too, but not about the fact
that there was no beer—the burden
of complaint was the "Comp'ny."
Conditions were bad, wages were too
low, too big deductions were made for
stone, and so on.
George and hiB chums, however, did
not take much notice of these com-
plaintB. They had been used to hearing them constantly at home.
So the day passed, and George went
home to his "lodgings" a cheerful
man, got his "pit clothes" out of his
trunk, and turned in to get a good
night's rest in preparation for going
on the "morning shift," which was to
be his introduction to the underground
industry of Glassy Sound.
Never did George, or any other man,
rise in a more cheerful mood to go to
a day's work than he did the next
Never did any man work the day
through in a more cheerful mood than
did George that day.
George was especially cheerful, for
he had been given a "good place" In
the mine—here it may be explained,
though mining technicalities will be
avoided wherever possible in this
story, that a "good place" is a part of
the mine where a good many tons of
coal can be dug in a day, and as coal
diggers are paid by the ton or yard, a
good place means wages above the
average—and, as George and his mate
had been well supplied with cars to
take the coal away, they had been enabled to do a "big day's work," and
had made a "big day's wages."
The- sun was shining bright when
George came out of the pit when his
shift was over, all the brighter because of the gloom from which he had
emerged, and still brighter because of
"big money" he had made. Briskly
he walked home, his dinner pail and
the can in which he carried his cold
tea to the mine, gently knocking together, keeping 'time to the sound of
his Lancashire clogs, and altogether
making a cheerful tattoo.
George had "got lodgings" with a
family of the name of Stalkley.
There was Ned Stalkley, a quiet, deliberate fellow; his wife, a neat and
plucky little bantam of a woman and
a good cook; the baby, which Ned, a
stay-at-home sort of fellow, always
nursed while "fmissus" washed the
dishes, and Ned's two brothers, Tom
and Matt.
They were all from Lancashire, except the baby—he was a little Canadian. Tom was the exact opposite of
his quiet brother ln temperament.
Always talking, full of fun, and impulsive to thp last degree, if Tom had
anything to say, he'd say it, no matter
what it was, or to whom.
Many things were talked about that
evening as the men sat resting after
the day's work, and the little woman,
whose work was never done, washed
the dishes. Ned didn't have much to
say, but nursed the baby on one arm
and held a book—"God and my Neighbour"—with the other hand, which he
read assiduously.
George, Matt and Tom did the talking. Matt was "betwixt and between"
Ned and Tom ln temperament—not as
quiet and serious as Ned, nor as talkative and impulsive as Tom.
The first subject under discussion
after supper, as they sat smoking
their pipes was football. What waB
the standing of this, that, and the
other team of tbe league, which team
waB likely to win the English cup,
and so on. Hot but good-tempered
was the argument as each gave his
reasons for his opinions on the
chances of this or that team winning.
At last the chances of the teams had
been thoroughly thrashed out, minor
subjects had been dealt with, and the
conversation settled down to a discussion of the local situation.
There was, and had been for some
time, great discontent among the miners of Glassy Sound and vicinity.
Matt and Tom shared this discontent.
George couldn't understand it at all.
Things were much better here than
at home, here was "plenty of work"—
he had got work at once—wageB were
good—he had made a big day's wages
that day—and here everybody was
grumbling. George felt somewhat out
patience with it all, and at last made
the observation, "Some people will
never be satisfied." You see, dear
reader, George was ln that stage when
he thought such a remark was wise
and original, when he thought lt was
more or less of a crushing arugment;
he did not realize that a remark ot
this nature, made as a wise one, was
but an exhibition of ignorance. Tom,
in his turn, became out of patience at
George's remark, and broke loose
with, "Tha makes me tired. Tha's bin
here five minutes, and tha's talking
about what tha knows nowt about.
Tha needn't think because tha's got a
good place In f mine tbat everybody
else has. Dos't think thee'rt the only
one? Some o' t' poor beggars ain't
making their sawt. What f hell's f
men to do but strike if they can't get
t rights? What f hell! Tha makes
me tired!"
At this point Ned came to the rescue of poor George, overwhelmed by
Tom's vehemence, and as the complacent George's complacency had
evaporated aB a result of Tom's verbal
onslaught, Ned had an attentive listener as lie quietly explained the reason for the dissatisfaction so rife in
the vicinity.
It appeared that for some time past
the Company had been "putting the
screws on"; excessive deductions had
Have you ever been "buttonholed"
by a sweet lady with a charming personality, a delightful smile, and with
a beautifully fitting gown?  One whose
cheeks were aB rosy as the "roses" she
had for sale; one whose brilliance of
make-up   made   the   drab,   cheerless
buildings on the street emit something j
like radiance.   The sombreness of the j
lawyers' offices, the Incessant noise of i
lorries,   the   monotonous    sound    of i
bundles of cloth being thrown through
a shoot in a packer's warehouse, the j
wearisomeness  of  a  dull   September
morning; all that was changed by the
been made 'for■"stone" amowThe coVl! !a,,y In_*luestlon, askingme If I would
sent up from the mine (here It may be
explained that there la always some
rock among the coal sent up, which
escapes the notice of the coal diggers
owing to the poor light ln which they
work), prices had gone up steadily
while wages had remained stationary;
there was an increasing tendency to
"mark" or victimise men who had
dared to protest in any way—some of
them had been given such bad places
in the mine that they couldn't average
more than fifty cents h day; others,
when they had worked out their particular place in the mine, had been
quietly put off from day to day when
asking for another place;   some few
have a flower.   Automatically my hand
dived Into my pockets to get out some
small  change  in  order   to  obtain  a
flower—but the lady Impetuously Bald,
"I knew you'd support the Lifeboat." I
But   I   didn't,  despite  the   Beductlve
glances of the lady.   The reason brief-1
ly waB this:   Today, Sept. 14, 1912, is j
"Lifeboat Saturday."   A procession is I
organized, and people march through,
the streets of Manchester garbed in all'
kinds of silly costumes ln order to
show the gaping crowds how funny
life is, particularly on "Lifeboat" day.
It Is  called "Lifeboat  Saturday"  because  collections  are  made   for  the
maintenance of the Lifeboat service
around the British coasts.   Mind you,
Break your chains -
and Pre-emptions
Western Farming & Colonization Company, Limited
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre
had been frankly discharged.^^^^__^_^_^^^^^^_, , ,    .  .  _^^_
,,.    ..   _   „„    ,. „ „   „   „   „„   the lifeboats are maintained to save
Worse   than   all,  there  was   a  so- i ■ I
called   Union,   by  the   name  of  the
"Workmen's   Protective   Association,"
which was bossed^ by creatures and
pets of the Company.
John Stofflt, the secretary of this
"Union," was practically its boss; he
was a man of considerable ability as
a mlsleader, and, together "with a
I number of others of low cunning who
were acting under his direction, had
been a very usefuj tool to the Company.
The majority of the men Jn the
mines had, however, "got onto the
igame." The greater number of those
who had belonged to the "Workman's
Protective Association" had withdrawn, and local unions of the powerful "International Miners' Union,"
with its hundreds of thousands of
members, had been formed.
It had been the custom of the Company to deduct the dueB of the members of the "Workman's Protective Association" from their wages and turn
them over to the secretary.
They continued to deduct these dues
from the wages of the men who had
withdrawn from this "Union," and
there was a flght over that too.
These, and many other grievances,
Ned explained to the chastened
George, who realized vaguely, at last,
that there was some cause for the
dissaisfaction he had noticed expressed on all sides.
George, though slow to think, was a
manly fellow, and he made up his
mind, before going to bed that night,
that he would turn In the card which
he held from the old country miners'
union and take out a card in the Local
lives in or near the coasts during
stress of stormy weather. No'r is it to
be understood that the lives lost
around the coasts due to the negligence of ships' captains or an "act of
God" are really great. It is rare indeed that lifeboats are called for assistance; yet why this procession? Why
the begging of funds for ttieir upkeep?
If It is necessary to save lives around
the coasts, why does not the British
government attend to it? There are
lighthouses, and their upkeep ls maintained by the National Treasury. In
plain words, the Lighthouse system in
the British Isles ls nationalised. Why
then the discrimination between Lighthouses and Lifeboats?
To be frank, the answer is that the
capitalist class don't care a damn for
life, and are not anxious about it. They
are primarily concerned with saving
property. Life , as we all know (or
should, rather), is merely a secondary
We know that the world's commerce
depends upon oceanic transportation.
It may be to China, Japan or Canada.
It may be to U.S.A. or Russia, India,
Australia, or Africa. It is "shipping."
The tonnage carried is immaterial.
The main purpose of ships today is to
carry cargo. That is to take goods
from one country to another. The
interchange of commodities render it
necessary. The desire of the capitalists Is to realise their proflt in exchange. They may be sending tripe
from Chicago to Oldham or Rochester,
or "Scotch" Haddock to New York. It
may be that claims are sent from Del-
Tradc Marks
Copyrights Ae.
Anyone sending t sketch snd description tnsy
nulclcly ascertain our opinion fres whether sn
 unn AC
tp.-.i*' notice, without charge, In the
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Lions fltricilrconfldentTal.	
lout free. Oldest spenoy for securing paU	
Patents taken through Munn A Co. recelTS
Scientific HMer.ca.t
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The best and cheapest
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Published every Satin-day, owned
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Both for $1.50 Per Year
Addreii   Labor   Temple,   Vancouver,
for sample  coplei.
Book and
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H. JUDD, Prop.
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"iT """;'""' "■"• V",'/** '",";:"~7,* I what it is, shipping is utilised for pro- j latter occasions far nlore acute con-
of the "International Miners  Unlon^  I   t  ^^  ^^     The  ^   tne | cern and long drawn out agony.
By  the  time   wea   naa    e y , ^^ ^ tran8portatlon tne greater the ;    The present hellish system makes
I profit.   The greater the saving of mer-'the capitalist fiendish and callous in
his regard for human lives.     Sooner
would he see the sinking of 1,000 lives
than lose $1,000 on any venture.   This
things Matt and Tom had become engaged in an animated discussion over' P*u*"~    *"" !■-»» «.D =»....6 ~. —=.
«*„„■>,<,■•■   ...mln       The   ronversation I chandise the more the profit.      It is
thus incumbent upon the capitalist
class internationally to so order their
system as to obtain a minimum loss of
goods carried by ships.
Have you ever been up their River
between Ned and George changed
from ' a discussion of the local situation to things more confidential and
Ned was one of theBe quietly strong
fellows with a sympathetic nature that i
seems to Invite confidence, and George j eacn B,ae-'    ____^___^_^^^_
opened his heart to Ned. present themselves!      Have you en-
He told hlm about his hopes of' tered the Hudson River or oven the
bringing "tf old mother" out to Can- Bay of Fundy. Have you ever been
ada; he told him of the girl. Ned was UP tne Manchester Ship Canal, or the
o   .™rathetic   listener,   for   he  had, English  CHannel?   If you  have, you
may seem an exaggeration, but why is
it that there is such a difference between the two services I have men-
a sympathetic listener, tor he had
hopes once as George had now, and
his hopes had been—so far—fulfilled.
Ned had come, with his brothers, to
Canada some time before, had returned home, married the girl, and,
with the help of his brothers, had
brought his mother out to the new
and promised land, hoping to Bee her
live many years in quietness and ease.
But lt was not to be. An affection,
brought on by overwork and Insufficient care in critical periods when she
was younger, had forced the mother
to undergo an operation ln the local
hospital, and the end was a few
months after arriving in Canada: a
worn-out woman of the working class,
old before her time, lying In a casket
strewn with flowers, with her three
strong sons, who bad hoped so much,
and made up their minds so strongly
that "V old mother" should be compensated for the years of struggle she
had made for them by years ot comfort in her old age, standing looking
down with tear-dimmed eyes at the
body of their ever-unconscious
mother. Ah! "the short and simple
annals of the poor." Ned clasped his
baby a little tighter, and looked at his
busy wife.a little more fondly, as he
reached the climax of his story, and
vaguely wondered of the tuture In
store for them. Ned has more babies
now, and Ned knows better now how
to flght to bring about a better time
for them in the future than he or his
parents had in the past. His brothers
are in the same flght, more and more
are getting Into the flght, and by-and-
bye there will be enough to end that
(To be continued.)
Comrade N. Sherwood of Massett,
B.C., sends ln a renewal and one dollar for the Clarion Maintenance Fond.
St. Lawrence and noted the lights on j tloned. One would have thought the
How magnificently they first, desire of any civilised government would be to secure life. But the
lifeboat system in England has to depend upon the caprice of charitably
disposed people, not the government.
When life has any value to the Capitalist class, then and then only will
they stretch forth their hands In an
endeavor to protect it. But as it is
today, they feel that "let life be endangered as It may, let misery prevail and thousands die, so long as we
can make orr profit.
No'.v the procession is to pass, and
the sight 1 have so often seen, wherever men .women, and children disport themselves for the amusement of
the onlookers, ls to be re-enacted. For
some piece of tinsel they will vie one
with another to obtain the greater
subscription. - Were they to understand, and work with the same zeal
for the overthrowal of the system, a
happy time would soon be our lot. As
it is we must go on doing our utmost
to convince them of the blemishes of
the system. To point out that, so
long as lives have to be saved it devolves upon the community to see to
it. The poor souls with their faces
"rouged" and blacked, with their foolish tableaux, are unknowingly suffering because of their ignorance.
Underneath their gay costumes are
hearts torn with sorrow. They smile
to the crowd, but when Monday comes
back to their monotonous tasks they
go to eke out an existence.
Poor foolB, were they to know that
they are producers of wealth, and that
the capitalist class filch It from them,
they would give some kick. I live in
hopes, even yet, of seeing them converted to our cause and displaying the
zeal and enthusiasm that they now
display for the maintenance of capitalism to bring about a new system
wherein none will ever want.
will have noticed lights in abundance.
Some at a distance and easily dlscer-
nable, others dull and not easily seen.
The lights are kept up by the governments, and, mind you, the officials are
"rarely changed, no matter what color
of government ls in. Those lights are
sustained to prevent tho ships from
going aground or dashing on rocks. It
is the loss of merchandise that compels the capitalist to make ever more
stringent regulations. Lighthouses
are often quite a distance from land,
as ln the case of Eddystone, Tuscan
Rock, and Nantucket. (Others can be
mentioned.) The point, however, is
that lightships and lighthouses blaze
forth information to prevent wrecks
Note too that if fog abounds and lights
are not discernable, foghorns let loose
their shrill and sometimes terrifying
sounds. What cannot be seen can be
The capitalist class realise that to
save souls ls somewhat of a nuisance
now. They can't be bothered. The
Lifeboats on the other hand do not go
far from the shore. They are on the
coasts "ln case of wreckB." That Lifeboats do not yet come within their purview is admitted. The reason the government do not support the Lifeboat
system Is because they don't care a
damn about it. As I have repeatedly
stated, the capitalist has a greater regard for property than for the lives of
the working class. Producers of property are plenteous, but the sinking of
property Is usually a loss. Not always
however, for we have heard of oases
where a deliberate sinking of cargo
has been advantageous. What is a
cargo of human souls compared to a
boatload of merchandise? The loss of
the former will be made much of by
the press and pulpit for a few days,
while to tbe capitalist the loss ot the'p^g^
It just simply had to come! Roosevelt's attempted assassin has been adjudged a "socialist" by the Associated
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