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Western Clarion Dec 4, 1909

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Array r,M  n^u>,iD vsmcrs} . eW?
•ronn g 36.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, December 4, 1909.
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WESTERN IMPRESSIONS
After two weary days' travel from
Toronto, I arrived at Winnipeg on the
3rd' November; was met by several
Comrades at the station, and received
flrst class treatment. I met a number
of Comrades during the afternoon, and
a big squad in the evening when we
had an out-door meeting. Comrade
Cassidy (which is an Irish name, if
anyone would like to know) and myself doing the spouting. An after-
meeting was held in the hall, at which
Comrade Stebblngs and others spoke
on Important phases ot Socialism. A
good collection was secured and turned over to the writer to be turned over
to tbe B. C. election fund, which was
duly done.
The English branch of Winnipeg Local is like that of Toronto, composed
of nearly all young men, and they
are not a bit behind those of Toronto,
either in ability or fighting spirit. Comrade Stebblngs, whom I had always
taken to be a middle-aged or elderly
.man, is the "old man" of the advanced
squad, and is still a young up-standing,
good-looking fellow. Best of all, he
can and does deliver the goods.
It was a treat to be with the Winnipeg boys; they're a tough bunch
from a capitalist point of view. I would
like to see them and the Toronto crowd
together Just once—what one lot didn't
know, the other does.
Starting for Pernie the next night,
amply provisioned for the journey by
Mrs. Stebblngs, I was escorted to the
station by a good number of Comrades and left for the West, looking
forward to being in Winnipeg agalp.
After two days' purgatory, during
which I suffered a severe attack of
the hump at the monotony of the prairies, I arrived at Pernie with a lovely
cough and sore throat, due to the bad
ventilation of the C. P. R.
Here the first .Comrade I met looking out for me was Comrade Hunt,
who waa a working mate ot myself
some years ago in Toronto, and had
his first lessons from me, and is now
an active member of Fernle Local.
("Cast thy bread upon the waters.")
. Comrade Harrington was also on the
platform, and I was very glad to see
htm, and the more I saw of him the
gladder I was to know him. He ls a
tall, good-looking young Scotchman
(now, girls, don't all rush away West).
I heard Harrington speak on several
occasions, and though he was the candidate, I noted not the slightest attempt to catch votes; it was Just
straight Socialism, take it or leave it,
and nothing else. Harrington is eloquent and logical, scientific and understandable ln his speaking, and personally an all-round good sort.
Speaking several times in Fernle
riding, I proceeded to Moyie, where
there ti a bunch ot reds who are a
danger to (capitalist) society. Com-
rade Fitch was the candidate here,
and filled the bill well. Big crowd of
good Comrades here, too numerous to
mention; hope to see them again.
Nelsofi was the next riding. Socialists thick as leaves ln autumn, here
too. Comrade Matheson, the candidate, and a good one. Had three flrst
class meetings ln Nelson and vicinity,
also several in Ymir riding, where Com'
rade A. M. Oliver carried the standard
of revolt in sturdy fashion; then on to
Orand Forks and Greenwood ridings,
where Comrades Mclnnis and Heatherton were the candidates, respectively.
Had a sparse meeting at Orand
Forks, where a state of terrorism exists, but One ones at both Greenwood
and Phoenix. The hardest fight of the
campaign wag ln Orand Forks, where
the seat was lost to the Party, though
our vote went up by forty. It took the
black list working full time and the
expenditure of thousands ot dollars
to effect this, but we'll get the seat
back again at the next election, and
big honest and able John Mclnnis,
against whom nobody, not even his opponents, have a word to say, will once
more fight for hie class in the legislature.
Comrade Heatherton came close to
capturing Greenwood, and that is another one we are going to get at the
next election.
Comrades Hawthornthwaite and Wll-
Hams retained their seats by lncreas-
ei Majorities. In the case of Nanalmo
the Socialist vote was nearly double
that of the capitalist, and the biggest
majority in the province.
Altogether-we have every reason to
congratulate ourselves on the outcome
of the election. The Socialist vote has
gone up from eight per cent, to twenty per cent., the Liberal party is practically wiped out, and the clear cut attitude of our Party is Justified by re,
suits—rholding our position,,nay, more,
advancing, against the storm ot Conservatism which swept the province,
whereas, the Liberals were swept nearly into oblivion and now hold no more-
seats in the legislature than ourselves.
It is'evident that more .than half of the
Socialists in B. C. are disfranchised,
which makes results more gratifying
still.
I met quite a number who had come
from a distance to vote, one as far as
seven hundred miles, coming at their
own expense to do their quiet duty for
their class, without hope of material
reward and certain of no applause.
Here in B. C. I have not met any
but revolutionists, and it is a picnic
and nothing less, to have to deal with
the Comrades here—to be able to serve
up the straight goods with a certainty
of not being told: "It's true, but you
shouldn't have said it."
Like all SOCIALIST agitators, I am
out to make Socialists, and not to
"please" or to get appreciation, yet
when a Comrade, and many Comrades," come to one and say: "That's
the stuff, Comrade; you have to come
round here again and give some more
of the same sort," or make similar remarks, being human, one cannot help
belsg gratified.
I will say this for the Comrades in
the West, they want proletarian agitators, and not money-making parsons,
posing as Socialists, playing the "sweet
evangel" game (for what there's ln it)
in the Socialist movement, allee same
Torrey and Alexander outside. I wish
this could be said of EVERY Local
In the East as it can, fortunately, be
said of most.
Since I have been in B. C. I am more
than ever convinced of the hopelessness of the position taken up by the
few- freaks, frauds, or traitors—they
can take their pick—who are retarding the movement In Ontario.
I am writing this in the small hours
in the Clarion office, at the "old
man's" desk, while Ma is grinding out
copy in his own corner, having to put
on a spurt to make up for time spent
on other matters during the election.
I know the boys will envy me the
privileges I am. enjoying ,'ln going
about and seeing all these'^good Comrades, and I can assure them I regard
it as such. Though an agitator's life
is a strenuous one and is very often
an unpleasant one in an Immediate
sense, especially when one Is being
pelted by peanuts, or, someone tries
to punch one in the nose, as happened to the writer in the Maritime, truly
it has Its compensations. Incidentally my nose wasn't punched on this
occasion. «
T ask the boys back East to keep
fighting an absolutely straight fight,
and to not get tired ot It; time and
results will Justify them. 1 also ask
them to keep in training, as the Party
Is growing and none of them know
how soon the call will come: "Comrade, you are wanted at the front."
Now a tip to the Eastern boys who
can: Send along your copy to the
Clarion; it will be useful sooner or
later. This hint ls not dropped to
economic phonographs or re-hashers;
they are "on to" and amused at them
ln the West, hut to those modest boys
ot real ability, who are afraid they
can't write well enough. Mc. tells me
this article ls long enough, so I am
closing it in order to start another.
WILFRED GRIBBLE.
NOT 8LAVES?
NOT WANTED  HERE.
An employment agent's advertisement in Vancouver reads as follows,
and needs no comment:
WANTED.—Four   laborers   to wheel
cement; steady Job ln city; S3 per
day, 9 hours.   No Old Country, men
need apply.    Central  Employment
Office,
Editor Western Clarion;—Just before the recent elections, there was a
howl of protest went up from some of
our masters because some one said
that the workingman was a slave.
This cry of protest was quickly taken
up by the more slavish of the slaves,
who howled in sympathy with the
master, and in indignation against
him, who dared to thus speak the
truth. For truth it is. A truth that
the lickspittles of the two old parties
cannot pass by, though they pretend
lt concerns them not.
Now, it some ot those creatures
who were so loud-mouthed on election day should care to find proof that
they are slaves, or rather CATTLE,
let them seek out a certain capitalistic concern in this city, that, according to their opinion, has so many free
citizens and workingmen who are not
slaves. Let these non-slaves apply to
this same employer of labor, for a
market for their wares (labor power)
and if their stomachs do not turn before the bargain is driven, it is because said stomach has long since
passed the human stage, and should
be part of the carcass of a turkey buzzard.
You, Mr. Wage Slave, don't tell us
that we are living in a country where
there are none of the methods that
employers of labor in other countries
> to humiliate their hands employed. The "card system" of Cripple Creek has been introduced into
Victoria, and from what I saw this
morning, is doing good work for those
whose interests lt ls Intended to further and protect.
Go you and apply for a situation
from the humble laborer, who wields
the 12-pound pick, to the skilled hand
who performs less vigorous Btunts, and
fill out the card of good qualities that
is handed you, and then look your
wife in the eye, and dare you call
yourself a man? Those who do fill
out said blank remind me of sundry
wares that grace the front of a sec
ond-hand store on Monday morning
Borne are in the last stages of wear
and decay. The down and outs.
Others will pass muster in a pinch,
when there is a temporary scarcity
Of labor, these get a chance. Then
comes the "better class" of wares, the
buttons all in place, and no sign of
rip or ravel. They are the "good
men" you hear the master speak, of,
but in no respectful tone. Oh, we
are Improving alright. Bring ln tbe
next.
JOHN PICKENSHOVEL.
AFTER THE BATTLE
ELECTION   RETURNS   COMPARED.
These figures are approximate and
incomplete:
1909.
Comox  194
Cranbreok    101
Fernle     813
Grand Forks .. 328
Greenwood    -.,-•■• 311
Nanaimo  782
Newcastle     379
Nelson     148
Okanagan     242
Revelstoke     207
Rossland     160
Skeena     137
Slocan    139
Victoria     691
Vancouver   (average) 1400
Ymir  152
1907.
285
323
176
455
259
96
92
94
98
119
404
620
PHOENIX, B. C.
Comrade,—
We had Comrade Wilfred Gribble
address an audience here in the Opera
House on the evening ot the twenty-
fourth. There were over three hundred people In the house, and I have
heard the majority express their opinion regarding the weight of Comrade
Gribble's arguments. The verdict is
that he carried conviction with his
words, and ranks second to none who
have mounted the platform In this
camp.
Yours for conviction,
JOHN O. ELLIS.
MAKERS OF HISTORY
True history is the record of
The workers;   ft is they
Who filled its page In every age—
They're making it today.
With tools of stone and wood and bone
They wrought ln ages sped;
Deep In the sands in many lands
Their story may be read.
When metal took the place of stone,
And class-rule came to be,
With idling knaves and tolling slaves
Condemned to drudgery.
It was the toll of countless slaves
Whicli built Society;
Not those who spoiled, but those who
'     tolled,-
Made all real history. "  **«*&-
They reared the lofty pyramids .
On Egypt's burning Bands;
On Chaldea's plains there yet remains
The labor of their hands.
Temples and statues of old Greece
Would rocks and stones be still,
And seven-hilled Rome had not been
knowh, ,
But tor their strength and .skill.
The conquerors of past dynasties—
Their history is but words,
Their ink a flood of human blood,
Their pens were gory swords.
The work of slaves of Caesar's time
Is standing still today;
But the crimson stain of Caesar's slain
Has long since passed away.
Old empires fell and new ones rose
Upon the toil ot slaves;
Spain's had its day—it passed away—
The "Mistress of the waves."
Now fills the place once filled by Spain
Are Britain's workers free?
So they may boast, but they're a host
Still bound In slavery.
They tell, ln garbled narratives,
How "great men" history wrought,
And we are told how barons bold
Each for his liege lord fought.
But we know history's Btream has been
The labor of the slave;
The . lords   and   kings  those  empty
things—
The bubbles on the wave.
As chattel slave, as feudal serf,
Our fathers bowed them down
In thraldom sore, to those who wore
The mitre and the crown.
For the most part their only hope—
A bliss beyond the sky.
Then reconciled, with aspect mild,
They lived submissively.
Not all submissive in the past
Were our industrial sires.
In ages dark some struck the spark
Of Freedom, fanned its fires.
And now those fires burn bright; we,
too,-
Will fan the generous flame;
We'll not forget, nor will we let
Their glory be our shame.
Strong and heroic Spartacus,
We honor well his name,
We know right well, and still we tell
Of Tyler's honest fame;
And of a nameless rebel host,
The earnest and the true,
Who did their best, and left the rest
For later ones to do.
These old-time rebels did right well—
They did the best they knew;
They went their way ere Freedom's
day,
And left TJS a work to do.
In greater knowledge, clearer light,
And eurer hope we tread;
But we honor still, and ever will,
The memory of OUR DEAD.
Makers of history still are we,
And we will make It well,
And leave behind to human-kind
A tale our' sons will tell
With pride;   when In a brighter light.
The storied past is read,
With tongue and pen, they'll honor
then—
The memory of THEIR dead,
—WILFRED GRIBBLE.
THE VANCOUVER VOTE.
  »
(Official Count.)
P. Garvle   1227
E  T. Kingsley   1888
W. M. MacKenzle 1281
M. McGregor  1218
R. P. Pettlplece 1428
On Thursday, Nov. 25th, the electors of British Columbia chose 42 men
to occupy seats in the Provincial
House.at Victoria for the ensuing parliamentary term. Now that the result
is known and the smoke of battle has
cleared away, the opportunity is afforded of sizing up that result and
drawing such lesons from it as may
serve to guide the various Interests involved, in their future efforts along
the lines of political warfare.
At the present writing it appears
that 38 Conservatives, 2 Liberals and
2 Socialists have been elected. This
places the Government of the Province absolutely In the hands of the
Conservatives. If it be .true, as declared by the spellbinders of that Party during the campaign, that "Government by thf Conservative Party
means good government," then the
people of this Province are, indeed,
fortunately provided for ln. this respect for the next few years, at least.
It might be well to note, however,
that the Conservatives have not been
returned to power by a majority vote.
There being three tickets In the field
ln 16 ridings made lt possible to return candidates on less than 50 per
cent, of the vote cast. This piece of
good fortune afforded by our present
election laws fell to the Conservatives
at the recent election.
The Conservative 'Party went into
the campaign upon an alleged "railway policy." Upon that "policy" Its
victory was won. There are but three
railway corporations that have as yet
cut any pronounced figure in British
Columbia politics. These are the Canadian Pacific, the Grand Trunk Pacific
and the Canadian Northern. The former has long operated an extensive
mileage of road ln the Province, the
second is now building within its borders, while the third has yet to enter
the Province with its proposed lines.
The "railway policy" of the Conservative Party at the present time ls supposed to relate more particularly to
the last named road, as the Provincial Government is to guarantee Its
bonds and thus aid it ln building its
projected lines throughout the Province. •   '   !
The three railway corporations m.en-
tioned represent the largest combination of capital operating in this Province, hence it is but reasonable to assume that big capital is firmly sealed
in the saddle for the next few years at
least, and that Its behests will be carried out by the 38 Conservative stirrup-
holders returned by an intelligent electorate on Nov. 25.
Some peculiar circumstances, however, thrust themselves forward for
consideration. Over in Alberta the
Provincial Government Ib as completely In the hands of the Liberal Party
as It is In the hands of the Conservatives ln British Columbia. Identically
the same three railway corporations
likewise as completely dominate there
as here. This rather tends to confirm
the allegedly rash statement of brazen Socialist agitators to the effect that
the only difference between the Liberal and Conservative Parties lies in
the fact that one ls out while the other is in. When they are both put out
by the Socialist Party even this slight
difference wlll be eradicated.
Another peculiar circumstance is
that the alleged "railway policy" of
the Conservative Party has met with
no hostility upon the part of the Canadian Pacific, although the projected
lines are to parallel that road for a
considerable distance and will upon
completion afford another eastern outlet for west coast business. In other
words, the Canadian Northern will be
a competitor of the Canadian Pacific
and the latter does not even emit a
squeal of protest. This looks decidedly suspicious, to say the least, but
may possibly be explained away by
the well-known fact that "birds of a
feather flock together." No one need
be surprised to learn later on that the
same capitalist interest that already
has it grip upon this Province through
the Canadian Pacific, Ib directing the
Canadian Northern scheme and Mackenzie k Mann, McBride, Bowser, et
al, are merely the puppets that pop
up for the delectation of the intelligent multitude when the power behind
the throne pulls the string.
At any. rate.the .dominant capitalist
interests are firmly entrenched at Victoria for tbe next four years. The
erstwhile "loyal opposition," that awkward squad of wanderers ln the political wilderness, of British Columbia te
search of the manna that always fell
somewhere else, has been practical!**
wiped out. Its Don Quixotic leader,
with his perpendicular- railway potter
up the Hope Mountains has gone bade
to the land. "Honest John" need not,
however, feel sore over his defeat.
There can be no Ignominy attached to
his defeat as leader of an opposlttes
that never existed other than as si
farce and that has been so completely
wiped out that there would be nothing;
to lead, even in case of victory. Report hath it that owing to the time
spent by the "honest" agricultural'
gent from Delta in wrestling with problems of state, be was obliged to hire a
Chink to dig his spuds. He can bow
dig them himself.
The Socialist Party has lost one
seat ln the Provincial House, John
Mclnnis of Orand Forks riding having
been defeated. The Socialist vote,
however, shows a heavy increase over
preceding elections, it being practically double that cast ln February, 19*7.
It Is significant to note that although
we have lost one seat in the House,
neither the Liberal nor Conservative
press is indulging in any chortling
over the "Socialist defeat." The heavy Increase ln vote is altogether too
suggestive of what Is yet to come to
admit of levity even among the dull-
witted political apologists of capitalist
rule. As dull as they are, they are not
so stupid as to be unable to read the
"handwriting on the wall." It is a
safe prediction that the Liberals bave
been placed hors de combat ln British
Columbia for good. Big capital is triumphant and between it and the working class, the proletariat, there is bo
feeding ground for a political party
whose stock in trade consists solely
of reform nostrums calculated to appeal most strongly to -the property-
hungry soul of the "small fry" business world. The small business and
property owning class In -this Province is too limited in numbers and la-
fliience to henceforth cut any prominent figure upon the political stage.-
The wiping out of tbe Liberal Party
clears the field for a struggle to the
death between the two extremes ot
capitalist society: Capital upon the
one hand, dominant, aggressive snd
brutal; upon the other, Labor, awakening from the lethargy of ages, snd
determined to conquer Its freedom
from class rule and class exploitation.
In this final struggle between these
two opposing forces there can be ao
doubt as to the outcome. Victory will
perch upon the banners of that side
whose program is ln line with progress'and the uplift of humanity to at
more decent civilisation.
The situation in British Columbia
Is, from a political standpoint, Intensely interesting. With the deck swept
clear of middle-class reform rubbish,.
tbe opportunity Is afforded the workers of this Province to mark time for
the revolutionary proletariat ot this.
western continent. There ls next to
nothing to longer obscure the issue between the master class and Its enslaved victims, the Men of Labor. Lot
the' fight continue and the slogan of
each combatant be "No quarter, aud
no surrender!" I<et victory go to the
strong and let it be absolute and complete. The capitalists will retain their
power as long as they can and will
not scruple as to the means employed.
Let the Workers be equally unscrupulous in regard to the means used to
gain this freedom from capitalist bondage.
—K..
COMOX.
Latest returns show that Comrade
Cartwright carries Cumberland easily
and only loses the riding by about a
score of votes.   Do it next time, Jim.
GRIBBLE'S  TOUR.
B. C. Locals Wishing Ostes for Organizer Gribble, en His Wsy East, Writs
■ox 838, Vancouver, NOW. m
fnTna**An*na      'laaial
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167
Watch the lapel on your paper. II this number ts on it,
yvtt siBacnptiQn eapues tha
next
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1909.
iu- ■     .  I  j   , . »J	
18 IT CLA38 STRUGGLE?
A correspondent from New York ls
-hind enough to drop us  a  postcard
taking  exceptipn  to  Comrade  G-rib-
. We'e statement that bargaining audi
, Wckering over the price of labor-power;
to no part of the class struggle, and'
suggests we shoot Gribble and then!
maybe  we will do some  "organizing,
tot Socialism."
This  is  particularly  good,  coming'
' *r»av New York where they have been;
•"organizing   for   Socialism"   by .our
■- correspondent's approved    method.of;
teaching that the wage disputes are a,
. part of the class struggle and ss forth,
and where the vote In the (ast election showed a falling Off to 10,000 from
the previous vote of 26,000.   So that
Cribble's teaching-, can surely be not
any worse .than that from the point
ot view of policy.   And it is from the
• viewpoint of policy that this correspondent takes exception to Gribble's
■ statement.   The truth or falsity of it
seems  to  be a minor  consideration!
which has altogether escaped his attention.
The Clarion and the organisers and
speakers   of  the   Socialist   Party, of I
Canada .have always taken  up that;
position, not from any considerations;
■oi' policy but because it: is the truth
. and that the truth is not such bad'
. .policy.'after all is fairly well shown
. |ry the result of the recent elections;
. Bore, in B. C, the home of, that Im
. politic policy, where we have doubled;
i. and, In some cases, treWed our vote
sail along the line In two years, despite!
ito*) advantage given the master class
.to revising the voters'. lists under the
JBowser Bill. .     .
•"The reason that-strikes,  lockouts,,
^boycotts and' ether incidents  in the,
strife over questions df wages, hours,,
.recognition of unions; and so. forth,'
. aire mistaken for a, class struggle is
. tverejy because this strife takes place;
: JiMween   members   of-  the   working
. tlass on the.qSO hand and:members dt
tbe capitalist class; of their hunch
then, on the other.    It is the  more;
.readily confused with the class strug-i
jfcle by  those who have  a  temperamental leaning towards currying favor with the trades unions by,a show
- of making common cause- with them,
in iherr struggles.    But class struggle* are" not :to be defined solely 'by;
whom  they  are  between i but  there,
. nruel also be taken Into consideration
what they are about.   Class struggles!
■ oust necessarily be struggles between
classes,    but art struggles    between
. classes are not necessarily class strug-
cTlea.
It is contended that in the wage dta
ftttes the workers ire attempting to
Obtain a greater share Of their prod-
acts, but the ftet of the: matter,is,
Under capitalism, anyway, tine-> work-'
ers never Jiad any share id their prod-
ticts to begin with. Having- sold their
power to labor, by the application of
Which to the raw materials wealth Is
produced, they hate* nd < claim upon
' ihe products of that applied labor-
power. Ttiey belodg, Sail rightly, to
the purchasers of that labor power,
tne capitalist owners of the 'meals
of production. What the workers - attempt to do is to obtain a greater
prl-ps for their labor power, Just the
same as the sellers of any.other commodity, whether shoes, sardines or
sealing-wax. But nobody Would dream
of referring to the constant bickering
between the buyers and sellers of
i these latter as parts of a class strug-
ale."
And ln very fact the resemblance of
the Wage struggle to a class struggle
Is barely a superficial one. Leaving
aside the personnel of the contestants,
the ode has no relation whatever to
Se other. For the class struggle is
It even a struggle over tbe .products
of labor. It ls purely a struggle for
rioter:- , ' :
Tile taplrallst class is dominant to-
* day because It holds the relna ot power, political power, which, simmered
down, means simply that It has at Its
command tbe physical force to compel the carrying out of Its mandates.
To enforce Its mandates the working
class must obtain possession, of that
power. That is all there ls to the
class struggle. The one class seeks to
retain power, the other to attain it.
Once the working class attains that
power it can enforce obedience to
whatever It may see i\ to di'irree Ex-
'intend- for the capltsrist claim becomes, then, impclslMei Ind a* there
is no lower cists Mr Ike working oIbbr
to, hold in subjection, the class strua-
gle ceuBes to bo a factor Ih history,
and, as order la established, the neces-
Blty for political power passes and
that power becomes In time s thing ut
the past.
m
WARM.
, The most prominent feature of society aa at present constituted Is that
it Is a world of wares. Everything
is for sale. Everyone a huckster.
Selling their own wares or another's.
Their own labors or the orystalized
sweat of another's. Not only vendors
of wares, but of human flesh and
blood and themselves vendible. Courtier and courtesan, artist and artisan,
all transformed by the alchemy of
gold to the common level of commodities. Man's "honor" and woman's
"virtue"; genius and thuggery; all
alike, "Every man has his price," and
also' everything the hand of man
fashions or the heart of; man desires.
Yet few bave ever stopped to enquire what determines the price, and
most ot the few have been content to
blame it on the trusts, the railways,
or Providence.
To go further seems simple enough
on the surface. We see the price of a
commodity rise when that commodity
is scarce, fall when it is plentiful,
hence we say that tne condition of
supply and demand governs the price.
Yet there ls more behind that, for,
with the money we receive in selling
a commodity, we buy other commodities, so that the sale and purchase
amount actually to a barter or exchange of commodities for one another, a trade. ,
Whence arises afresh the question,
what determines the exchange relation of commodities to one another?
On; what basis can they be compared'
in value? They are more varied than
the hues of the spectrum. -They are
of stone and steel, wood and wool,
of paper, of gold, of clay, pf all materials to he foiled upon the earth,
and. many of no material but purely
abstract. In. no xespect do they resemble one another, neither ln weight,
or form, color or consistency. Nothing common to ail anywhere meets
the eye.
Yet one thing hidden they all contain and one thing alone—human
labor. Without labor none of them
could have any beng. Tbe raw materials of. which' they are composed,
have, untouched, by labor, no value
and. no price. Wh.en labor has discovered and developed a new territory,, its natural resources become
saleable. A. demand arises for, them
as.potential means of production and;
of exploitation. As labor, delving into Nature's treasures, fashions the
raw materials to the uses of men,;
{they, too, become saleable, wares with!
a price, varying in accordance With:
their scarcity and plehtitude, but with;
a value determined by the labOri
necessary to produce them.
The laborer receives lb wages less:
than the Value his libor creates. The;
difference, the unpaid labor, ls the;
profit of the capitalists. *
With the same process taking place;
oh a national and international scale!
we have profits being taken ln various
fields of production whose average;
gives Us the average rate of profit.
When the price of any commodity,
rises above the prices of commodities,
of similar value, the profit ln the production of that commodity rises above
the average rate of profit, and so tends
td, attract capital, ever profit-hungry,
td that field of production. The great-.
er the rise ihe stronger the attraction.
the production of that brand ot com-,
modify is accelerated beyond the requirements of the market and the
price falls below the prices ot commodities df similar value, cancelling
the previous rise.
Thus the law of value asserts Itself
Indirectly and by" roundabout methods,
bringing commodities ih the long run
to exchange one with another at their
exchange values.
mjmm^^mmmym^:mm mm*.:
•A-TURDAY, DKCEMBKR 4, ito*.
too, and not sympathetic ones: Not]
tn one district has the campaign bejen
run on anything but the. pare quttl.,
Not one candidate has offered any iff
ducement to any non-Socialist to east
a vole for him, nor has put forth any
uxsus'e for his presence in the field
but that he stands for the Social Revolution, take It or leave it, and be
damned to you. l*ut that in your pipe
and smoke it, friend Immediate demander.
On the other hand, we have lost one
■eat and failed to win another which
we expected to wj-i; circumstances
'both capable of explanation were explanation necessary, but It Ts Ih the
electorate our salvation lies, not In the
elect, The election of representatives
makos more fireworks, but it Is the
'man with the spade who must, dig cap
Italism's grave.
In John Mclnnls of Orand Forks the
workers have lost, as a representative,
a man whose butter has yet to ate,. '"
■hoe-leather, but only as a represent a
tlve and for the time being. In the
battle he will and must continue, as
must all of us, till final victory perches
upon our banners or the "angel ot the
darker drink" proffers his cup.
1 The Conservatives are welcome to
their victory over the Liberals. We
know no defeat. The exterminate"
of the Liberal party will yet prove-u
be the most dearly bought victory the
Conservatives have ever won. The
field here Ib clear of false friends. Now
for our open foes.
Children of toll, let the prospect of
'the galling enslavement we have yet
to endure but steel our hearts to the
conflict. Let lt make us more bitter,
more ruthless, more implacable In our
hate, more determined that nothing
'less shall serve ns than the destruction of the capitalist system, body ind
bones.
Puny as our resources and mighty
as are the powers arrayed agnln-t ns.
our triumph ls but a question of tun .
Behind us is the accumulated weigh':
of the ages driving us forward, ,award,
unceasingly towards the world's grt~u
est victory, the triumph of Labor.
THE ROAD TO POWER.
Book reviewing ln the capitalist
press has long since degenerated to
the level of mere paid advertising. In
the Socialist press of this continent it
seems to be coming to pretty much
the same pass. As books are seldom
reviewed by others than those who
have some pecuniary interest ln them,
the reviews can hardly be expected to
be otherwise than favorable. H	
So it is just as well to make some! ~we* do that we are invlnclble.
allowances when one sees Kautsky's |
that, but it'aetoo It. .yow-to f«,im Ope.
The r- .lepenieiit LaOpr party 'ni #e
old i;uuh,i] is not alSocialisl oigin-.iza-
tio ij|.ttnd n* tor did anything for, Social*., or-made the condition of the
workers as a class toy- belter. Under
capitalism. pe condition of the workers is worse i''4h before tms treacher-
o>'= party eSdftfc'i. The English Labor
party 'iviligo down to posterity as the
most cowardly organization that ever
;ed the working chi-js '» i defeat.
Many of the f oml^des vhCwndedJ
through Vl i nidi' 'a fifteen columns
were able tt i. -let .ranil liow It hap-
pens that tb ■ " v< meut In the states
is in »uon . *ai-«>raMe i miltlon. rt tt
plainly \i be tea th . Ih u reflection of th iiarc or uilnd uf Untermann
and the i.sni uf intellectual humbugs
who prof V to »'> leading lights of Socialism Ii, hut > Dttiiti-y, Ir this genius
had beeii gi. d tiftc i more columns
he would no doubt In the process of
li J' g himself be able to prove that:
J > ctnltbjlat is robbed as a consumer
wnui fli .lys a fancy price for what
lie K-nscihi. •,. ir that when the worker.
lakes a.lvani i, of a bargain offered'
by a 11 eap :ack ir buys at a co-operative itore he rol i the capitalist—one
never knows.
TUe Comrade* t Canada have grasped thi. fundeu i tal fact. No man ex-
c ipt lie to w. i Socialism is a necessity Is of any use to the movement.
All a.hers ar> likely to have a mental
squint tha': I .ads them In a circle, and
they a.I ovontually find themselves—
Just wi    > the) started.
A Tbfi to iiu'rade writes protesting atTolnst r a being allowed to address meetings who are not clear. He
is rig''i. Stitt Wilson, tor Instance,
has throvu the movement hack all he
could iu England.
In i.ie uphill wbrk we have kept
straight, but now look out. We are
noarii. tbe top. BroUen down lawyers, pavuons and useless creatures
aeue ally \vlll come tumbling in, They
have ruined tho movement in many
other coun.rles, but from what I
know bf the Com 'ades of Canada they
will try hero in v.itu.
AII the so-called intellectuals knovv|
abaolutel> nothing until the workers
teach ,'hein that they don't know anything. That's Irish, but It's true. We
must develop ourselves from within.
All adi ions to our ranks from whatever q, arter thoy come are no good to
us until tt' v are recast in the mould.
of the knew ledge that our experience
has formc-d for us. Let us use the
Comrades that have evolved from our
organization s prop-f .idlsts —
O'Brien, Grl ' - .n   and
the young one-, who are comli.*, np.
gygr r.v-ry Um\ of ths SocUIlM fkrtr el
^^»s»«Wtr*n.s c»rd aiid(f Itus
"JgJWBff
"Road to Power" compared to the
Communist Manifesto. It is not quite
tn the same class as the Communist
Manifesto. It Is not even by. any
means as good as some of Kautsky's
earlier works. On the other hand
it is not quite as bad as some of his
later ones. It has the merit of handing out some unsugared pills to the
Revisionists.; also it has the demerit;
among others, of robbing us as taxpayers. (Yes, Kautsky, .too.) The
language also s as stilted as that of
a schoolboy, but we presume that)
may be laid at the taleiited trans,
lator's door.
Had- Kautsky'p name been left off
the title page, the book would prob*
ably have attracted little attention,
As, however, it Is by Kautsky It ls
hardly safe to criticise it.
Anyway, it.is a book for Socialists
and not for non-Socialists,, and'as Socialists are reputed to read books in
a critical, spirit, they might as well
read this one. It wlll produce no
alarming Increase ln Kautsky-worship
and it contains some useful data.
HEW TO THE LINE.
WHOSE   VICTORY ?
It was a glorious victory," alright,
but whose? On the-face of tt, a. victory for the Conservatives. True, so
far as the Liberal- party is concerned,
but what about us? As the smoke of
battle clears the showing indicates
anything but a dc->»t for the Socialist
Party. The returns, incomplete and
fragmentary as they ate, .show results that bode HI for the- Conservative party in the next election. Ih tbe
fourteen country - districts contested
by our candidates, indications are that
the Socialists have cast more than
twice as many votes as the Liberate,
which ls going, some. And mark you,
these are  mostly SOCIALIST votes,
The election is over, and we are
busy preparing for the next. The Conservatives, with every sail set and every flag flying, have been victorious;
but their victory has not been at our
expense. Our success Is so great, Our
progress so substantial, that the capitalist class are already tilled with
misgivings about tbelr future ln B. C.
You don't perceive that boastful, crow
lng spirit that you perceived a short
time, ago. They don't put on their
placards "Defeat of the Socialist Par*
ty." No, there is a respectful silence
all round. They know what's coming.
The Liberal party were unable to coin
a lie thick enough to conceal their
nakedness or Justify, their existence,
and so, caught between the Revolutionary forces and the Conservative
party, they have fallen-—never to rise
again. The enemies of our class have
by this election been licked into one
camp and from now onward It's a
straight fight.
A study of the votes cast furnishes
much food for thought, and if the
Comrades take the trouble to calculate
the rate of progress they will perceive
that, if we stick to our guns as well
during the next four years as we have
during the past four, the Conservative
party will look as sick next election as
the Liberal party do this.
In the Vancouver World the green-
eyed monster appears In the shape of
letter, deploring the fact that we
haven't an organization like the Independent Labor party of Ilngland. All-
friends of the capitalist class deplore
The votes cast Tor straight revolu-
tlos%at the recent election prove that
our long way round is the shortest
way home.
The Socialist Party of Canada now
leads the movement in the British empire. I quest! . whether it can be,!
matched by- any other Socialist organ-'
ization in the world, but remember,
Comrades, Wf r-.-e where we are because we hav' hcvn straight to the
Platform. A sure and safe guide that
the more we understand*the more we
recognize the valu i of. We must keep
pegging away, ever remembering, that
a sub. for the: Clarion may .mean a
dozen new Comrades— until the time
comes when our clp' '■ ii strong enough
to seize the jiowei ti-.it will enable!
them tb end wage s every once and
forever.
^STOR.
Ike*rtt(rli» plintTewta,
Moira. Jfc o.. to.
very Sumfiiy fT»0~p.nY''ll* McQrMor
* II   (Mlnsr's   Hall),   Mrs.   Thornley.
rsitary.
fc.".R:
COLUMBIA
tlve Commltlm,
■nada.     Mm(n   *v*
.D. 0). Me*    "
Vaneeuvor, '
ill!
CommTii*«7^(JuilJt4,p1ti;-;r-SiZ I
inrrti
ftf.C
■on,   B.   c.
Nelson,   B.   c." Frank
nlaer; I. A. AusWSor!
Kan.
ada M**is nny «H-m(i- Mtiiulay lu
Labor Hall, Klghlh Av*. Bast. op.
Poult* poatornei. B*or*lary will b*
pleaned to answer any oommunloatlons
retarding th* moveimat In Ihe prov-
P'.    Oiloby,     8*0., BOS      Hi      Csl-
■ary, Alts. •
nmltle*.    Ma*t« Artt
live Commute*. Me*t« Ar*t add thl
Mondays of every rnuittH, Jubll** HL...
oorn*r of Kin* ind Alexander. The
Secretary wlll be pleased to furnish
cny Information and amiwor any correspondence relative to th~) movement.
Secretary, H. Saltsman, Room lt, Har-
rleon Blook. Winnipeg. Man.
ovtabio »0TnrqiA-i ixsotmri
Committee. Meets In Finnish Hall, 114
Adelaide St.. Toronto, oh 1st and Ird
Mondays. Organiser, W. Orlbble, 134
re., Toronto,   p^. c._ tt
Hogarth Ave.,'
oronto.    P^_ C/ Young,
 . , lorr"--
224 Chestnut St.
Secretary. 940 Pape Ave.   Q.. Colombo,'
Italian Organiser, '" "*  —
looax TA-fooora*, »t>- x, n. t. or
Canada. Busloese meetings every
Tuesday evening at headottartera, over
Edgett'* Store, 1(1 HaiUnn St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 8SI.
looax, TAirootrrm, n. oH *o. tt,
Finnish. Meets .every second and
fourth Thursdays tn the month at 161
Heatings St W.   Secretary, Matt Mar-
mkiax, rioToniA, mi *..t.
"Ttsrs    and   W
Eagle Build'
ment  St.    Buainen
Headquarter*
Room li	
and    „_„.
Bunding,
meeting
_    or o.
eadlna    Room.
1S1I Oovern-
every'
meet* *v*ry Huriday
MlnerC   Hall.    Matt  Hi
l«»r,    H, K, Maolnnl."'
S-OOA& rjr-rau-Ai-i, a»ta., mo. ,
0h-lri,r., *•*•■ .JP   jseietary-s-   log
■hack, Herdecrab1-1- »->--•-   '-1"-*-1
West of Bowden.
twice a month.   Ci
lam continually be
general   public   an
,ott*S®$W
ind frtiember* at the
it* and flunkey poltl-
  -ivlted to call ana participate ln the sport. Secretary, 8. W.
Welch.
,00*''   8J!y..B"°»« sad~'fiunkey~noiti:
SklW?tf li\» tasted to"os5l in/SS:
X-OOAX
or c.
p.m. '
Eighth
aM Si _„_
McLein,    Box (47
Jo.ield, Organiser,
_8ecr*tary,"
Box .647..
Use
x-ouAx. Bwutwrvm, ax,*a-, zfo. ia, a,
P of C„ meet*, e.very. Oral *n"
Sundky evetilrig*, Bellevue To*
C. Btiibbe, Secy.
x,\*g
!«<»•*■   •v*jrjr   Sundi
Miner*'  Hall  Snd
p.m.    Everybody
rJUSS-t ■•'• Invited
bmlth. Secy-
AiixA-   aro.   t,
as^eS'Si js &
-dy   welcome,     8odail*t
•    oalj.    H,  j.
to
Tuesday eveningV 8 p.m.    Propogahda
«*'
„,,„—    every    Sundsy    at     ^,_
Theatre.      Jaa.    Mclnuoe,    Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St.
Fourth St.    Buanea*  and pn
        a Hi Bfiinfl .
 , R. MacQuarrl*.
Organiser, 123 Second St
meetings  combined,    j,
Seoy., _m FlntJSt 8.
LOOAX VAITAXMO, WO. 3, *. *. Of 0„
meet* every alternate Sunday evening
In Forester* Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commence* at 1:00 o'clock|
Jack Place,  Rec.  Secy., Box  821.
looax, r-uuna, s. x». er o, vols*
educational meetings , In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave.. Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Bual-
neaa meeting first Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:10 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec.. Box 1«4.
looal onnn-nrooD no. »,■.-». ox-
C, meet* .every Sunday In Miner*'
Union Hall at 7:80 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month Geo H a ht-rtuu. Organiser; R J
Campbell, Secretary. Bo* 124.
looal vaxuroxf, a. 0., xro. as, a. t. of
C, meets every Friday nljtht at 7:30
ln Timmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson sts. Bualmwa and propaganda combined. Udgar *--E ^~»-
ret ary, Vernon, B. C
Smiuir' leo
IS
T. ot 0.    Pi-jpe^inSi
meetlnga at 8 p'm..
.. no. r, *,
,,     and   business
the tourth Thurs
day of each month in lodg* room over
old'post offlce, neu • opera house. Everybody welcorr B, F OayDMS,
Secretary; W. V       e(*Sux, Orgenlier.
LOOAL FOB* », OOt, a. O, MO. 41,
S. T. of O.—Bu:i-ieaa meeting* first
Sunday In each month J.' V. Hull.
Secretary. Port Moody. 11. C.     .
local   Mtxn-crli   moTJtnT,
meet* every. Sunday at:8 p.m..
street corners *nd various nail*.   J.
King. Secretary."
a.    C
on toe
" B.
BACK AGAIN
Comrade,-r
Have just returned f * ray pilgrim-i
age to the "land, of fi< . iin." To bej
truthful, there ls noth g encouraging!
to tell of the movemer t as I saw it ih:
Colorado. There may be certain spotsj
where, lt can be called "alive," but
those spots escaped me. I rriet some1
real live men, out the? ire lamentably
scarce. The- ayerai,; .••orKlhg - plug!
there ls a good deal l.ko lhat animal
here In Victoria, he delights In knocking the block off !.-■ f, ;'ow-8lave In!
the interests of hU mastt.. Tliere Isi
much work to be lope before they
can hope to carry a single seat, the;
way the common herd got up on Its:
hind legs and howled for "BUI" during Tubogutz Taft'B visit is proof
enough that the master class is safe
for some--time yet.
It is refreshing to get back to tbe
old battlefield, and Bee the Comrades
on the firing-line, with fight In their
eyes. It gives one heart to get among
the boys that know they are slaves;
and mean to be so no longer than
they can help. There ls no danger of
"Our Jim" getting his face slapped ..or
calling them by their proper uame,
though there are not many that cnioy
sailing under that mono' -am. there'
are still a few who have taken un ihe
cry of their masters, and profess fo
have been grossly insulted. Note lliis
fact: They do not come to neadquat
ters looking for satisfaction. Fancy
insulting anybody, or thing that will
willingly pimp for either of the old
parties!
Yours in Revolt,
A SLAVE.
^o^swv&s;
7 p.m. ln headquartem on Fi
Parker, William*. Sec., Lndykttlth,
_   ». OF
Saturday
First Ave.
looax, wianrmo. a. v. of 0, ^
quarters, Kerr's Hall, iso 1-3 Adelaide Stree t
o-jp.Robtiii Hotel. Bustriesameetlrigsvery
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening > p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummfngs, Organizer. Secretary, Jas. Thomson, 814
Agnes St.
looal Toaoaro, a. t. or 0 aao-
llah    Branch. Buainen*    meeting*
every second and fourth Thursdays in
. each, month, at Finnish Hall, 214 Ade
laide St.  W.    Speakers'  Claa*   meets
every Tuesday at 124 Hogarth    Ave.
Will. R. Hllbert, »—-*"-5 "—-
42 Beverley St.
Class
_    .    Jogarth    	
Recording Secretary,
LOOAL OTTAWA, ao. S, *. F. OF O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday ih
month, and propaganda meeting* following Sundays at 8 p.m. In Roberta-
Allan Hall, 78 Rtdeau St A. J. Mc-
Collum, 88 Slater St., Secretary.
LOOAL COBALT,  MO. t, B.  *.  OF a
Propaganda and bualneaa meatlnn
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Minis**'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy.. BOX. 418.
looal annua, oar., ao..«, a. a.
of C, meets every second and fourth
. Wednesday  evenings,   al   8- p.m.,    66
King St  E„  opposite Market  Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 81 Weber St. E.
LOOAL atOa-nUAL,  OOK, MO.
J. of O.—Meet*  ln Labor  Ha
Dominique atreet, Sundays at t
Headquarter* No.. 1 ***        *
romee St.   Leo jacks
St. Catherines W.
St. Charles  Bor-
.Secretary, ft i-»
LOOAL OLAO> BAT *0. 1. OF nT.'L
Bunlnes* and Propaganda meetl
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Maedi .
aid's hill, Union Street All are Welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Olace Bay; Wiri. Suther-
. land, Organiser; New Aberdeen;
y,   Olace   Bay;   Wni.   Suther-
 .  - lanlier. New Aberdeen; H. O.
Roa*.. Financial. Secretary, offlce in p.
NI Brtdle Printing
Street.
of Miners in Brrtisii
Exact.tve Board Member       e ftm. Psvldwh, Uiidln
*    u„, pirrWcT ASSOCIATION f>0.«. .   „ ' "
PrssldWt       •    •• • ,mo. A. McKinnon, Rbsslind
Vlci    ^^^^^
6^i-Marj-.Tr»s»i-re»>
No.     Nam*' Mee.tlag
- N»ht
Tho*. i. MeKsy, CH4«nv»swi
A Shilland, '
Seily. r,fl. Add.
. rW,	
its
^.Jolatnry.'.'M
^d*i{.
'D»Gfa •::::::
IlSaadon
Vn	
■
Wfnj.-"vM5u,io»y.v.::
Sat
iff
lelUV.I
IA: Burge-r.. >....
■
H. T. Rainbow,...
A. B. C«rt*r...
Short...
(J. Hay* ........
Jamea Roberta	
F Pnllfin*	
A. Hckard...
A.  SMnikndl/.;..
1(j«:^r::
I
,gr«* *>!*»
i
IFeris^
a"B
Some people's Ideas of the S. P. of
C, must have originated at pink tea
discussions.
'"■i!Lll_.L L'"'"!'. "i'jiiii«.
ft rttEkTSSJS
Shoes always on haad.
•■■r,,»flB%l#lll,ll „■
ATEfM'FS
moderate.  Out Mvtaut't AttHrnt a-itupS
TYOLAISfT CANADASSA
Jo* tahdotte jotakln tietaa
tyovaen puoraeesta ja sosidl-
ismin edtstyksleita Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohto.
"TroK&naa"
i*li»7,rF»»r1fir,t*t.
MtkUisiMNTsM, HJOMMiiiirit
Sunday Evening, S o'Clock
National Theatre
rornierlj- tha Camertphon*
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, E Ot - aATURDAY, DECKMiM 4, 1*>*.
f*M*^,*M^***^^*T^^^?ioTult»r?ij.ji i lli wis .1 .    lis 11 miss i im li----«aa-»»«-»-«a«w-«->
THE SOCIALIST
OF
Tb'* Page Ia Devoted td Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters--Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE. •
Meeting November 89th, 1909.
Present, Comrades Mengsl (char-
man ), Karme, Kingsley, Morgan,
Peterson, Stebblngs and tbe Secretary.
Minutes ot previous meeting approved. .
Correspondence dealt with from Alberta Executive, Locals Montreal,
Que.; Dominion No. 6, N. S.; Toronto,
OnLj Winnipeg, Man.; BdthOhtbh;
Alta. Organisers O'Brien and Gribble, Com. Wayman, Montreal, and from
General Secretary S.. P. O. B.
Receipts.    '
New Flnnland, Sask., stamps..* 2.00
Mensies,   Sask.,  stamps;.......   8,00
Clarion, November surplus 19.60
Clarion  Maintenance Fund,  H.
Judd and J. White    2.00
!*'   Total    ...........;»2IJ.50
Warrants autbf-rlzed, for Clarion November card, $100; Printing, *i5-60:
assistant secretary, 130.00; postage,
»3.00; secretary's November -salary,
.8)15.001 ,
B. C. PROVINCIAL  EXECUTIVE.
Meeting November 29, l£o».
Mlnutee of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locate Sointula, Nana!in6, and Nahalnio
Finnish, Victoria, Port Moody, Mats-
qul, kathlOops, Vernon, Revelstoke,
Sandon, Nelson, Phoenix, Grand Forks,
Ymir, find Ferule, B. C.j dlace Bay,
N. S., and Winnipeg, Man., and front a
number of Comrades.
Receipts.
Local SOlhtula, stamps....-.-..'.*5:00
Local Naaatmo Finnish, stamps. 5.00
Local Matsqui, stamps  2.00
Local Port Moody, stamps.  2.00
Literature and buttons 3.00
DonatlbhB—
Local Glace Bay, N. S	
Local   Winnipeg,   Man	
tt;-; 0. - Grey  	
I *■ •-, -:-
ii. Stead  ........
k. G. Way.. •••••-
■J T. Prather  .^'....
Spartacus    j....:
5.00
13.00
2.76
1.50
1.00
2.00
LOO
5.00
Total    -.'.,•*>•'■ aXv.-l $48.25
Warrants <avtnoV{t<jer for Cltfrlon,
November card, $1.00'; postage, $8.00;
printing posters, etc., $31.50; R. P.
Pettlplece, speaking at Revelstoke,
$20.60; secretary's November salary,
ll&.OO.
CLARION NOVEMBER ST ATEMErlT;
Receipt*.
Subs, and bundles	
Cards and advertisements...
..$187.40
..   66.00
„   Total receipts' .........
Expenditure*,
printing four issues......
tailing     	
...$243.40
$t«0.00
13.46
\       4.00
due on campaign Issue   26,50
$223.90
ns     lM»
Printing extras
MsMt*  	
AM.-
$213.40
...» 95.00
...    26.00
Receipts to date	
Balance outstanding
VICTORIA, B. C.
Editor "Western Clarion,"—
Two days later, The big thing has
been done, and the jubilant working!
plug is patiently waiting for "our"
country to begin prospering. He tell*
lis ln Impressive tones, and with Irrefutable logic, hbW the trick was done',
How the Conservatives and McBride's
railway policy were sustained "bet
cause the workingmen of B. C. done
tbelr duty." There are a few Liberals
to be found; but they are.as they ought
to be, very scarce. May they continue1
to disappear from now on, the' lees'
of them the better. Let the real fight
commence as soon as possible.
All day long on election day a determined lot of slaves (who knew It)1
kept tab oh the voting, and on the)
count after'the voting. In addition td
the usual1 watch-dogs for the two old
parties, every booth had Its Socialist
scrutineer! and their presence and vigilance had, wlthodt doubt, a great deal
tb do with the piling lib of a good
number of votes for our Comrade and
candidate. The' Comrades are fairly'
satisfied with the showing made; for in*
addition to the 691 votes cast for
George Oliver, there is a small
army of voters chasing the elusive job
In other parts of "our" province, who
have'at some time or other been mem'
bers of Victoria Local, and they can be'
depended upon to do their duty in
whatove'r part of the country they may
happen In. Provided they get the
chapce.
_,The discordant squawk that comes
from the Liberals, and their dazed and
disgusted followers, is certainly a pitiful one; it would bring tears to the
eyes of an ox, tb hear them condoling
with one another, and trying to explain how this landslide happened.
The Socialist sword has been sharpened by this last catastrophe to the middle class party, and, make no mistake,
it is being used to the best advantage.
One Comrade has already made a good
start on one of the pair of Liberals
that will disgrace the coming parliament with his presence. As yet we
are in doubt us to the result in Comox
and Grand Forks, but should it come
our way, that "first chair on the
Speaker's left" ts oUrs, and that is a
good score for the S. P. of C. May we
hold on to that'chair for time to come
or until we are ready and able to take
the one oh the right. Meantime let us
build up an Opposition that will shake
the rule of capital until it crumbles.
Come on, Comrades! Let us be
FRBiE!
Yours for the net, election,
A SLAVE.
CRESTON, B. C.
the
ed
.$ 26.50
BY
Or*#n'of $r^I& Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; RiddleoftiV
Unhsrse, Haeckel..8*, by mail
4.*terrle England; Britain for tide
British, Blatehford. 20c. each by
mail,   l*jntf*rCitts»it.
The People's Book Store
^Cordova St. W.
Comrade,—   ,
We held a campaign meeting here
on Saturday evening, the 20th Inst,
When Comrades Oliver (candidate for
finir riding) and 'Gribble held down
a large and appreciative' audience for
a^ut two and a half hours.
Oliver as a speaker dlS better than
e boys here anticipated, and If elect
_ w* shall have an effective support
'et. ami fighter for' the Cause In the law
factory at Victoria.
Gribble, in the Clafiqn, is certainly
different -to dribble on the stump.
His clean, clear-but and merciless attack upon the .powers that be leaves
no room for doubt whatever in the
minds of hie hearers for what he
stands and for whit he ls against. No
wonder the pillars of society in the
Maritime Provinces hate this man.
Many were the lessons he taught to
jus Comrades and for one I hope the
] Provincial Executivewiii trj> and re
tain Comrade Gribble's services for
B; c; for a few months, as an organizer
of* Local's on a sound educational basis
'J,,'don't think we have one more car
pable.
A friend gave me $10.00; $5.00 was
used for hall and I gave $6.00 to Gribble for the Provincial propaganda
roM'
t remain, one in tho fight,
A. LINDLEY
J AS. fc£E
Phone 6381 413 Prior Street
Vancouver, B.C.
->• ,'..,.
ThE  WORi.b'8   RECORD.
Malcolm Island gave 28 votes for
Socialism and none for Conservative,
Independent Conservative or Liberal,
Can you beat that?
-i'.fni
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which' St*rS*4* for • I,itWnB W-tf.    "'
Vanconver Local 357. ...'.''.  566
SOINTULA, B. C,
Dear Mac,—
We had Comrade Cartwright with
us yesterday. We held two meetings,
one ftt Sointula and one at Suqsash.
Both meetings were well attended,
Comrade Cartwright delivered the
goods in the straightest form. He was
ln good shape. He spoke for an hour
at each meeting. He said with other
things that he ls not seeking for votes,
but his mission la to educate, the masses to. see their material Interest. He
said he is npt asking people to vote
for htm, but he is asking them to vote
for the principle he stands on. He
Bald that they might as well vote for
Dunsmulr or any other capitalist as
well as him If he stood on same principles as Dunsmulr and other capitalists do. The men do not count, but it
ls the principle that they uphold which
counted.
Comrade Carwrlght says that the
situation Is looking promising—that
there is a possibility of him bAng
elected. He ssys that if we are defeated, it is because the workers have
not registered. He said that nearly
all whom he has spoken to throughout
this riding, are in sympathy with Socialism, But the drawback that we
have is that only about, one-third of
the workers, have registered. But If
we had had. a man in the field two
months ago, so we could have got the
workers to get their names on the voters' list, we would carry this riding
with such majority that it would surprise the whole community. But it we
are defeated, it is a lesson to Us. We
will know enough to prepare ourselves
better for the next contest.
Yours ln Revolt,
—J. R.
OUR8 TILL THE REVOLUTION.
Dear Mac,—
Here are  the correct    figures for
Newcastle district In the election just
passed:
P. Williams Stewart Thomas
(Soc.)
(Con.)
(Lib.)
Ladysmlth ...225
211
47
S.  Cedar    23
17
4
S. Wellington^ 34
4
8 ..
Northfleld   ... 70
17
4
Extension'   ... 27
25
4
Totals  .....379 274, 67    ,
This gives a Socialist majority over
the Conservatives of 106, over the Liberal candidate of 312, and over both
combined of 38. There was only one
ballot rejected and that was not mark;
ed. The total number of votes cast
was 720, as against 555 in 1907, when
we polled 46% per cent, of the total,
This time we polled over 52% per
cent. For the purposes of comparison
I have worked out the following percentages of the total vote cast In the
last three elections, fractions eliminated; I
Soc.   Lib.   Con.        -
1907 46       36       18       100
1908 (Dom.elec.)52      24       24       100
1»09  63    .10       37       100
In 1907 the Liberal was tbe official
candidate of his party and got the Liberal vote, This year the Liberal par'
ty refused to nominate, and the same
candidate, Thomas, ran as an Independent. He has (or had) the parliamentary Itch. He did not get tbe support of his party, and the returns show
that the gain In the Conservative vote
of 19 percent, over their poll in 1907
was drawn from the Liberal party, 7
per cent going to the Socialist candidate.   Here is the#proof:
Lib5, per Cent.   Con. per cent.
1907   36 li
1909   10 Vt
Loss  ..26      Gain 19
This gives a loss to the Liberals of
26 per cent: and a gain to the Conservatives of 19 per cent., the balance,
7 per cent., going to the Socialist candidate, as shown below:      -.
Soc. per cent.
1907   46
1909   5$
Gain per cent    7
These calculations dp not take any
account of. the hew names added to the
list, which I have assumed to have
gone to the different parties in the
same proportion as outlined above:
Enough has been written to prove
that the issue ln the Newcastle district
has clarified. The Liberal party is no
longer,a force to be seriously considered, the majority joining the Conservative ranks, and the minority throwing in their lot with the Socialists.
The most instructive and encouraging
feature of the result is that the miners of Ladysmith have given a majority for the Socialist candidate. In
the Dominion election of 1908, lt ls
true, they gave a much larger vote
for the Socialist candidate, but for
reasons lt Is not necessary to analyse
now, I do not think It wsb Buch a good
vote, from a Socialist stundpblht, as
i' i .issji-n.il )?"—fringing
this last one. They did this in spite
Of persistent canvassing and long continued work on the part of the Conservative candidate and his committee, in spite of all their efforts to get
the voters to poll by conveying them
ln hired rigs and carriages, which
were scouring the town from the opening to the closing of the polls. "You
can take a horse to the water, but you
can't make him drink." The Socialists of Ladysmith, after years of endeavor, can now look the Socialists of
Nanalmo in the face, and claim.the'
same distinction of having captured
their home town for the Socialist Party, and, aa lt was admitted to.the writer by a prominent Conservative, have
captured lt for keeps.
The last meeting, ot the campaign
was held the night, before the polling
day in the Ladysmith Opera House.
It was a crowded.house, largely due
to the free advertising given us by
McBride, who had been trotted out by
the Conservatives the previous night.
He aroused the curiosity of the people by accusing our representatives of
introducing, trick measures into the
House, with the object of gaining
kudos for themselves snd throwing obloquy on the government. P. W. was
present, but, of course (in keeping
with the Conservative tactics throughout the campaign), was denied access
to the platform.
At the Socialist meeting the following night P. W. took up McBride's
railway policy and his strictures on the
Socialist members! tore the first to
shreds and convinced the audience
that the second had no foundation in
tact, quoting from the records of the'
House to prove lt. A portion of tne
Liberal element present, Who showed
a disposition to annoy the speaker by
constant interruptions, were effectually convinced, by the outspoken disapproval ot the Socialists present, that It
would be a wiser policy to keep
quiet.
The same "don't care a damn" Spirit
was manifest all over the_ town after
the result of the poll was announced,
a rousing yell going up when the figures were posted up, and similar manifestations took place all over the town
until midnight. Such a spirit Ib entirely new to Ladysmlth, and bodes
well for the future. It was by far the
best meeting the Socialist Party has
ever held here
ever did before, but by the Eternal!
we will do better next time.
—J, H. B
THE BUDGET LEAGUE'8 EWE
LAMB.
However. I'm forgetting the B. L.
He had not time to talk of the others
because ln fact he hadn't the others to
talk' about. But he had Old Age Pen
slons—"the scheme for making the
last years of the worker and the poor
brighter and by which the brand of
pauperism shall be swept away." The
dear man;, only the more dear because
he saved me the trouble ot doing
what better writers In the Socialist
Standard, have done better than I can
do—riddle Its ridiculously inflated importance. For my B, L. Bet .himself
presently to defend the Liberal Party
against the charge of . extravagance
and unbuslnesB-llke method, urged by
Tory job-hunters And in doing lt the
B, L. cuts his own throat in a ghastly
way.
This old age pension-scheme,' quoth
he, Ib not all expenditure—not by any
means. Why, at the present time it
cost 4s. lid. per head per week for
tbe keep of inmates of the- union and
6s. Id. per head for administration,
or twice as much as the maximum old
age pension. Extravagance? Why,
Mr. Lloyd George expected to save
£1,600,000 per annum on the deal in
this particular connection!
Bo there you have It. Instead of the
peOple going Into the workhouse to
cost 10s'., they will stay outside' and
cost wily 6sif Is that not a veritable
triumph of statesmanship? Is It not
also a desperate swindle—a typical
Liberal fraud?
I can only add to that at the risk of
spoiling it: let It rest so. And presently we may return' tb our B. L., perhaps after many days, to see how
much more truth he has managed to
wind lip from the depths of his well
Meanwhile I cast him as bread upon
the waters. And I hope for my fellows of the working class there will
be enough ln the foregoing to cause
them to at least rub their eyes and
turn out the disused thinking cap.—
James Alexander In Socialist Standard.
IP YOU HAVE
UKRAINIAN
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"ftofcutchyl Na/Off»
the organ of the Ukrainian comrade's in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg. Man-
Dear Comrade,—
As there Is a boat calling at
place tonight on the way to Vancouver,
I thought I would let you know the re-)
turns for Read Island, as I think this
will reach you before the hews arrives in the ordinary way from'these
outlying portions of Comox district.
They were as follows: Manson, 12;
Forrest, 4! Cartwright, 2. This result
looks discouraging for tne Socialists,
tnlt Cartwrlght's vote Is one better
than I myself expected, as I thought
to have the honors all tb myself!, As
a matter of fact, nobody here knew of
the Socialist ticket until last Friday,
and many of the voters did not hear ot
it until election day, so thit our chances of polling any proportion Of the
vote's was bound to be small.
j am very glad, Indeed; that the
Party has made a break Into Comox
district, andl hope you will not be discouraged at all lf'the results this tithe
ire/ not good.; This Is a promising
lbcailty, and by its very nature and
the character of its people, belongs
to socialism. Thb population consists
almost wholly ot wage-eairhbrs (miners and loggers), and small ranchers
ot the very smallest variety. The main
portion of the district (Comox proper)
Is also in close touch with tlte Socialist divisions of Newcastle and Napal-
nio on the south, whilst the loggers of
the more northerly outlying islands of
Sayward district ate impregnated with
our ideas, which they catch on to on
their flying sprees in Vancouver and
other towns. ' \   '"
1 presume some effort wiii now, be
made to carry the everlasting' campaign, of propaganda Into this bunch' of
camps between now and next election
It Is a work which could be carried, on
at very little expense in actual cash
by Comrades equipped with; a .small
boat and camping outfit, and for the
right parties and at a favorable season of the year Would be more in the
nature of a holiday. My experience
of this part bf the country tells me'
that it Is the only feasible way of
reaching the loggers, bf whom there
are altogether many hundreds, and lt
Is a really good way and offers the
Inducement of success.
I have known many individuals of
the peddlar type who make the round
Ih a rowboat or motor launch and who
depend almost wholly on the hospltail-
Ladysmlth has done better thin she" ty of the logging camps or ot haihd-
"' *" "       "         "   lowers and ranchers' for their board
and lodging. I feel sure thai, scattered round ln these bays and inlete,
there are also. Socialist Comrades and
sympathizers who would welcome Party agents and be willing to lend a helping hand to the work.
If at any time you know of any Com
rade who Is thinking of penetrating
this country as agent for the move
meht, you might let him know that
there ls a Comrade ln Evans Bay.
Wishing the Party good success as
a result of the election,
Yours fraternally,
E.  UPTON.
Very short and unsatisfactory were
tne reports of Socialist meetings,
etc., that were dished out in the capitalist press during the late campaign
Th'e necessity for a daily, or at least
a semi-weekly, working class paper
was never more apparent. The House
will soon be meeting again at Victoria, arid "His Majesty's opposition"
will once more take up the cudgels on
behalf of the working class. The Clarion should be printed twice a week
during the session, one Issue to contain the regular Party news, etc., and
the other an account of the doing of
the Socialist representatives on behalf
of labor. This can easily be done if
sufficient support ln the shape ot new
subscriptions are forthcoming. The
next six weeks will decide the matter,
so if the most is to be made of this
opportunity no time should be lost ln
getting to Work. The' Socialist cam
paign is always on and If one-half the
energy which was put Into the tight
during the last month was continued
for the next three years, Liberals In
B. C. would be as scarce as snakes tn
Ireland.   What do you say?
LOCAL VANCOUVER, ATTENTION!
At th* meeting of Tuesday, December 7th, the Provincial Executive Com
mlttie will be elected.
PRICE LIST OF  8UPPLIE8.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices'.
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)  $6.00
Membership Cards,  each    01
Dues Stamps, each    .10
Platform  and   application  blank
per 100  •.   .26
Ditto ln Finnish, per 100 ,.   .60
Ditto in Ukrainian, per 100  ....    .60
Ditto In Italian, per 100    ,50
Constitutions, each     .10
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen      .p0
'.     1
THE 8. P. OF C. BUTTON.
Price, each    Mc
To Locals five for $2.00.   Apply to your
Provincial Secretary.
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
60c per year
Two for a dollar
SPECIALLY FINE FOR PROPAGANDA WORK.
Six months 26c.
Published at Cowsnsvllle, P.tj.
Comrade Lestor, Vancouver, who has
been recently In Seattle, Victoria, etc.
Is back with ns again. A batch of
twenty-three more Is included In ills
round up*.
• •' ■■*-
Comrade H. Norman, while In Victoria, must needs keep pegging away,
and the arrival of three yearlles shows
that hats meeting with tin usual success.  '
• •  •
One dollar for a new sub', and on*
dollar for a chance In the drawing tor
the "Library of Original Swrcesw" In
aid of the Clarion maintenance fund,
to hand from Comrade W. Green, Torf
onto, Ont. '
• •■•'•
Comrade George F. Sterling, Vernon,
B. C, performs the "doubling up"
trick by rehewlhg his sub. and seiid-
tng in a new one with it.
• •   »
Comrade Claude F. Orchard beitbveS
in doing twb or three things at once
It possible. For instance,he se'v
tw6 ybarliea, orders a Party
and a bundle ot Clarions.
Although
so, far away as, ^ro
& ,Y',', Cbinr'aae b; ^McMahoV
tatp, £6 he ncreases his weekly bun-
le from id tb 15.
"IIU
'ff.:?T«r-f mopber would, send. In a
bundle ll)-e, thlj once In a, while we
would either, have the Clarion maintaining Itself or the,, Social Revolutions," comments Comrade J. H. Robertson, Bellevue, Alta. (enclosing a
bunch of sevep), not with .any idea of
blowing his own horn, hut as merely
stating a matter of fact.
* *   *
Another pair from- Comrade. T. E,
Drake from Baynes, B. C. A like amount from Comrade W. W. Lefeaux,
Arrowhead, B. C, and "ditto" from
Comrade Alex. McDonald,. .Calgary,
Alta,, shows how. the "doubling up"
process ts gaining ground.
• • •
Comrade William Watts can be depended upon to do the best Work possible with his bundle of eight Clarions
a week which he orders sent to Kee-
watin, Ont. v.
* ■ •   *.
Comrade F: Perry, Vancouver, Is the
joker who sticks the little stamp on
your card when' you hand ln the necessary for next month's good standing. For some reason or other he fore
himself loose from his usual haunts
(Crown Mountain, or the secretary's
chair) last week' and rounded up a list
ot four subs, and hands them in with
one of those I-told-ypu-so smiles.
•''••'
Three yearlles arrive from Comrade
Ed, Fulcher, Brandon,. Man. Ed. Is doing a little drumming up just now
around Dauphin for the Manitoba, Provincial Executive.
• •   •
One dollar for his sub. and one dollar towards the Vancouver election
expenses Is Comrade J. T. Prather's
donation to tbe Cause... He is helping
to "develop the country" somewhere
about 14 miles south ot Peutlcton, B.
C. (He wishes to be remembered to
Comrade Parker Williams.)
*,; *,-,•
Comrade C. ROutollffe, Toronto, Ont.,
sends in-three new readers from the
same place.
• «   •
S. Moeri, Kimberley, B. C, ls another
Comrade who believes In giving everything Socialist a little boost. He
thinks that Comrade Martin's suggestion for every member to take a bundle of Clarions ls a good ohe, and so
encloses' a dollar tor a bundle of five
a week to himself tor twenty week*.
He also takes a tickc In the drawing,
purchases a Party button arid ends up
by requesting the literature catalogue.
Just look at these and see If you are
among those who helped with a sub.:
C. W. Anderson, Nelson, B". C; John
Allan, Malakwa, B. C; Charles Bull,
Krbston'e, Alta.; Max Lasman, Victoria, B.C; L. Site, Vancouver, B. C;
W. B: Mclsaac, Ymir, B. ft; W. 8.
Lamming, Duncans, B. ft; T. Holllng-
rake, Eburne, B. C.; F. A. Hoover, Vancouver, B. C; W. M. McKenzie, Vancouver, B. C.J N. McLeod, Notch Hill,
B. C; Lee Wilson, Barons, Alta.; W.
M. Robinson, Pbplar, Ont.; T. M.
Brown. White Bluffs, Burton county,
Wash., U. S. A.; J. R. Lawson, Calgary, Alta.; M. Raczuk, Smoky Lake,
Alta.; Simon Freestone, Stavely, Alta.;
F. B. Keene, Bowden, Alta.; T. J. Wilcox, Kamloops, B. C.J W. D. Kyle,
Strome, Alta.; J. H. Nickerson, Vancouver, B.C., and Chas. Yeomans, Hammond, B. C.
•'■»••
While "rubbing lt In" or kicl;l*#.V
dead dog may be wasted-'energy, still
would like to haVe a full-sized photo of
the working man who "saved" his vote
by marking it for the Liberal party.. FOUR.
THE   WESTER^, CLARION,.; VANCOUVER. .BRITISH .COLUMBIA,
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4,-1*09.
THE POWER OF THE BALLOT
Judging from the number of workers who did not vote ln this ejection,
and the way in which those who did
vote marked their ballots, It is evident
that there are yet a great many who
have no idea of the significance of
dropping a piece of paper with a few
crosses on it into a box.      ,
Man is a social animal.    In order
to exist at all he is dependent on the
assistance of his fellows.   In this western country it is sometimes contended
that any man who so wishes can take
a gun and go and shoot his own food,
if lt comes to a pinch, and so be Independent. It must be remembered, however, that    his gun, his   knife, his
clothes, and even his matches, are the
product of discoveries made by an almost countless number of individuals.
Vere he to start out armed only with
weapons which he had obtained direct
from nature he would be the most help-
j less animal in the bush.    The only
' thing which might help him would be
'    his superior knowledge, but that also
* he Obtained almost entirely from the
writings and teachings of others. Even
his brain itself has been developed by
the complicated process whereby he
obtains the  wherewithal    to fill his
stomach and cover his back.
For a man, therefore, to contend
that he has succeeded by his own efforts, Is not only to admit that he is a
"conceited prig," but that he is trying
to appropriate to his own credit benefits which he. has obtained almost entirely from others.
If man, however, as an individual,
is helpless, as one of the tribe he is ln
a very different position. With the
assistance of bis fellows he has not
only subdued all of the lower animals
and in many cases compelled them to
assist blm in his "struggle for exist-
, ence," but he has also compelled the
forces of nature to do his bidding to
an enormous extent. In order to utilize the power of the lower animals or
the powers of nature itself man has
had to do lt in such a way that by
very little exertion on his part he
could exert immense force. By merely pressing a button or pushing a lever
he can call to his assistance hundreds
and often thousands of times the energy which he could exert by himself.
Not only has he learned to so control the forces of nature that by a
simple operation on his own part he
can exert immense power, but he has
also learned to convey an immense
amount of meaning by a very simple
act or symbol. Before the days of telegraphic communication, It was often
necessary for one nation to rapidly
give warning of the approach of an
enemy. For this purpose beacons were
placed ln prominent positions, which
on being lit. Instantly gave warning to
thousands.
It often happened that the approaching enemy, realizing that warning had
been given, would retreat. Had anyone not aware of the significance of
the beacon^ Been those men retreat, he
would naturally bave jumped to the
conclusion that those flashes of fire
had frightened the enemy off. The
real solution was simply the fact that
the Invaders, the minute they saw
those fires, knew that every man and
every weapon at the disposal of the
Invaded would be used to repel an attack.
On the 25th of November a large
number of the men In B. C. went to
certain specified places, put a few
. crosses, or one, as the case might be,
on a piece of paper, and dropped lt Into
a box. At night those pieces of paper
were counted and examined, and ln a
very few minutes thousands of men
knew that opposite certain names
there had been placed a certain number of crosses. Had those men been
utterly Ignorant, it would have been
necessary to explain a hundred and
one things as to the meaning of those
names and the figures opposite them.
That those names represented candidates, and he figures votes, that candidates were men who aspired to become
members of parliament, that members
of parliament made laws, that by the
figures would lt be decided whether
they were to be elected or not, etc.,
etc,
That much the electorate already
know, but to a student of political
economy, whether Socialist or antl-So-
cialiBt, those names and figures have
a far greater significance. Over eighty
of the candidates running ln this campaign stand for the ownership of the
"means of subsistence" by the capitalist class. Twenty of the candidates
stand for the ownership of those things
by the men who produce everything—
the workers. Those names and figures
which will be printed as a result of the
poll will be symbols as to how many
of the people of British Columbia have
decided to leave things as they are,
and how many of them have decided
to change or "Revolutionize" the ownership.
As nine-tenths of the Inhabitants of
B. „ C. are workers and consequently
have no access to the "means of life"
under capitalist ownership, those
names and figures will signify how
many of the workers have decided to
vote for dependence on the capitalist
class, or how many have decided to
vote for dependence on their own
class, how many have decided to vote
for slavery or how many have decided
to vote for freedom.
The point is, have the workers any
power to back up their mandate, or
will power be necessary? We know
from a study of history that the men
who control the world today were not
always in power. That at one time
the men who owned the land alone,
were absolute masters of the earth.
We also know that they did not relinquish power willingly. It has been
contended by some that because of
the fact that the capitalists had wealth
they were enabled to oust the feudal
lords, but the very fact that the feudal
lords were ln power put them in such
a position that had they so desired
they could have appropriated all the
wealth. The only logical reason is
simply that society had reached a
stage when the feudal barons could
no longer supply the wants of society,
and it demanded that they must let
go. In countries such as. France,
where they resisted, they were put out
of power by bloodshed, thereby teaching the others a lesson, and in most
of the other countries, much against
their will, they let go peaceably. Mankind had reached a stage where only
the owner of the machine could supply man's wants, and necessity .compelled him to put the machine owner
in power.
Contrary to the desire of those who
wish to prove that revolutions are
at an end, society today is beginning
to realize that the machine owner ls
In as bad a fix as was the feudal lord
a few years ago. Instead of machinery being used for the benefit of ail,
lt Ib used by the owners for the purpose of making profits. When no profits are ln sight, they shut down, and
in spite of the fact that man never
had such powerful assistance from
nature, he is, in the majority of cases,
in a worse plight than he was under
feudalism.
Society ls beginning to realize.that
just as feudalism went, so capitalism
must go.
I said beginning, but it has already
begun on a gigantic scale. The workers, the only men fit to bring ln a new
system that will under the present
method of production supply the wants
of society, have the largest political
movement that ever existed.
The strength of that movement they
gauge by the way ln whloh the workers use their ballot.
At the same time let the present
ruling class but think for a minute
that the workers are Unconscious of
their power, and that ballot will not
be worth the paper it is printed on,
in fact they would not even be allowed to use lt. The fact that the
franchise' was threatened in B. C. at
the last session, and the fact that the
threat was not carried out, is proof
that the.-capitalist class in B. C. at
least are aware that the workers are
beginning to use that ballot ln their
own interest, and If lt ls taken from
them, are prepared to regain lt by
force.
CHECHACO.
SLAVE ETHIC8.
Ethics has been defined as the
science of right conduct, which in turn
may be stated as conduct which ls ln
conformity with the well being of all
humanity. In a community ot economic equals, then, the prevailing and
accepted moral code would find exact
expression within the terms of our definition, for the immediate self-interest of the Individual would operate to
restrain him from action calculated
to Injure others, as he could not expect from others consideration he himself was unwilling to extend; furthermore, acts of malice would provoke
prompt reprisal, which his economic
equality would prevent his escaping.
Thus where the powers of the state do
not serve as a shield for evil doers,
every unsocial act immedltely rebounds upon the perpetrator. Conversely, conduct beneficial to all is
equally beneficial to each, and the
material welfare of every member of
the society Is best' secured by the
closest approximation to the ethical
ideal.
But as the history "of society thus
far Is the history of class strife," we
need not expect to find ln our examination of past social conditions any
indication of such ideal human relations. Where classes exist, class rule
exists; and where class rule exists the
Interests of the dominant class   are
first considered. The subservient-class
is forced into a line of action directly opposed to its real egoism, and
permanently injurious to itself.
Now this society in which we live
is a society based on class rule. They
who own the earth and the social machine, own us, for they own our
means of life. We, the working class
of the world, are the lineal descendants of the chattel slaves of old.
There never has been a real emancipation. It is not now necessary for
the master class to own us as chattels, as It was when, owing to the
abundance of free natural resources,
the laborer had to be forcibly persuaded to toll In another's behalf. It
ls easily seen that no man is willing
to be a slave when he may be free,
and fare, just as well. But now, If
we wish to live, there ls but one
thing we can do. We can labor to the
limit of our capacity, and yield up
all we produce, bar what is absolutely necessary to keep us alive and
toiling. Our masters do not need the
brazen collar, nor the leg chains to
bind us to their service. Man without land (which means the earth and
all its contents) is like a fish without
water. A fish, if he could speak,
would doubtless promise great things
to whosoever would lift him from the
bank on which he lay, gasping, out
his life, and put him back Into the
water. And it this being had the power to take that fish out of the water
whenever Its actions did not please
him, frantic would be the efforts of
our finny friend to merit continued
approbation. We are like that fish.
"Incur our displeasure" say those
lords of creation, the capitalists,
"and we will deny you your indispensable condition; access to the
earth. We will take away your job."
Sometimes they do take away our
job, and then we lie, gasping out our
life, on the burning sands of unemployment.
This state of affairs, you say, is inconsistent with our ethical ideal. Ah!
you forget that such an Ideal ls approachable only ln a society of economic equals, I.e., In a society where
the avenues of production are free to
all; where one man's gain ls not
necessarily another man's loss; and
where class rule Is never known. Under class domination, morality degenerates Into class morality; ethical (?)
conduct becomes conduct consistent
with the well being of the ruling
class. The discontent of the oppressed, voicing itself ln the demands of
'agitators," ls viewed With alarm,
and under cloak of religion, class
morality ls actively propagated.
"Blessed are the meek, for they shall
inherit the earth." Sounds beautiful.
Doesn't seem to work out very well
ln practice, though. The meek are
trodden underfoot and die; to the
arrogant and avaricious go all the
spoils of the social war. The joys of
hypothetical hereafter stand, so
we are told, ln inverse ratio to the
miseries that afflict us here below. It
must be a source of infinite satisfaction to Borne wretched creature, toiling In the sweat dens, to hear how
that a camel finds lt an easier task
to pass through the eye of a needle,
than the rich man will find lt to enter heaven. This is how the workers
are persuaded that acts which are in
reality absolutely opposed to their
true interests, are calculated to do
them good. But these doctrines are
tor slaves. They are meant to keep
slaves ln slavery; and certainly they
have well justified their use. But with
the more general spread of education,
and the gradual decay of the old theological superstitions, a brighter day
ls dawning for the working class.
Large numbers of them in all parts
of the world have seen the folly of reelecting their masters to rule and rob
them. More see it every day. The
historic mission of the working class
is to capture the powers of government, so that at the psychologic moment they may transform capitalist
property in tbe means of life into
the collective property of all humanity. This is the last class struggle.
Workers, fall In! Though you may
still be compelled to toil as slaves,
cease at least to think as slaves.
Your mind at all events is yours. Use
It, and fight your own battles, as
men.
A. PERCY CHEW,
In the Voice.
*MI«««0«»O««H»9«0ft««0«tt«T«O»*«T»*««
CONGRATULATION AND APPEAL.
,Hi^S
BEST  IN B   C.
L,I\^S
The Clarion showed a surplus last
month and ls showing one this month.
This is good and must be kept up.
There is no reason why lt Bhould ever
show a deficit again until the need of
having Socialist papers ls no more.
After all, the matter ls a very simple
one—fifty or more new yearly subs
or renewals a week would settle the
matter.
"Evil is wrought from want of
thought." I find all B. C. Locals I
have come in contact with take bun-
dies of Clarions. Bundles are supplied at one cent a copy. Members
have ln many cases got ln the habit
of getting their copy from the bundle
instead of taking It as individuals.
This makes a difference of one cent
a week in each such cases to the in
come of the Clarion.
these Comrades'do not" do this to
save the cent, not a bit of it. I make
it my business-to find out things, and
I know a number of comrades who get
their Clarion this way who have gone
down in their pockets for the campaign fund till it must have' hurt.
Take Cranbrook riding, for instance,
where a little bunch had subscribed
four hundred dollars when I was there
and were still putting up, and other
ridings have not been a bit behind in
this respect.
Now, the way I see it, bundles
should be looked upon as ammunition
to be expended on the unregenerates,
and comrades should renew their own
stock of ammunition week by week by
individual subscription.
At the same time all comrades with
time and energy to spare should get
into that state of mind that they
find a pride and pleasure in adding to
the number of subscribers. Let a
sufficient number do this and by the
next election we shall be In a position
to prevent the Liberal party ever being in the position of being the second
party in the houBe again. The Socialist Party has an equal number of
members to them now and by aggregate majorities is the second party
and mast at least remain such. Better still, If there Is sufficient effort
put forth In a systematic manner, we
can be the first party at the next
election. Wlll we put it forth—I have
great hopes,
I liked the spirit shown by the boys
at Phoenix. When they found the
seat was lost, that very night they
started to lay plans to re-capture lt
at the flrst chance, and I put it up to
them and to all others, that the best,
easiest, and least expensive way
is to spread the circulation of the
Clarion.
I know this, know lt' beyond the
shadow of a doubt, though I have not
the space for lengthy argument in
proof—you must take it or leave it.
Thousands of dollars have been put
up by the comrades in B. C. for this
election. .Allowing for the higher
scale of wages ruling in the West, the
way the comrades have put up makes
lis Eastern fellows look cheap, and I
know these same comrades, when they
realize the need of putting their paper
ln a secure position will not be wanting.
For the purpose of- impressing the
comrades with the need of this, this
letter is written.
I am not conducting a "Boosters'
Column;" I am one comrade appealing to other comrades, as one slave to
other slaves struggling to be free, and
pointing out one of the most effective
ways of attaining that end. It's a
purely selfish proposition—I came into
(he world a little slave, I want to die
a free man (after living as long as
possible as such), and for me to be
free you have to be so too.
I'm fighting now to be free now—
not to-morrow, next week, next election day or ln a few years' time. I
am not fighting for my children, having none, I am doing what everyone
is doing—in the last analysis—fighting
for myself. Selfishness expresses itself in various ways. I want all the
freedom I can get; I am not greedy,
but I like a lot.
This is how I look upon lt from a
personal point of view. .1 came out
of the dark a few years ago. Endless ages of darkness had passed and
I was not, then I, the Individual,
emerged to exist for a little flicker
of light that ls called Lite, and then
to pass out into the darkness again,
That little flicker of light is probably more than half elapsed ln my
case. I shall not see as many days
as I have seen, nor draw as many
breaths, as I bave drawn, and then, as
far as I am concerned, the world wlll
be at an end. Is all the rest of my
life to be spent in slavery as all the
past has been? If so, I am going to
get as much happiness as I can (and
It Is a great deal), even under capitalism, by raising as much hell as I
can for the capitalists and their henchmen, the labor fakirs, bogus Socialists, and all the rest ot the loathsome
products of a loathsome system; and
the beBt way I can see to do that ls
by spreading the Clarion far and
wide, the Clarion, an outspoken really
revolutionary paper which has no
squeamishness at exposing false
friends as well as attacking open enemies.
. Comrades, I put it up to you; go
can do what you like, but I am going
to do in the future as I have done in
the past since I saw the need, spread
the good news ot a here-and-now .salvation by extending the circulation of
the Clarion.
WILFRID GRIBBLE.
READY   FOR   ANOTHER.
It being rumored that one of the
"Solid Five" ls to be elevated to the
McBride cabinet, necessitating a bye-
election ln Vancouver, Local Vancouver has decided to place Comrade
Klngsley in nomination if the bye-
election should occur.
Teacher Wanted
For   Squamish school.    Salary $60
per month.   Apply to
H. JUDD, See.
Brackendale, B. C.
Socialist Patty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong. Tbe present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
tabor belong to the capitalist das*. Th* capitalist is therefor*
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of th*
rains of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property right* ln the means of wealth
production and their control ot the product Ot labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
Tho Interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wag*
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of tbe working-class
at the point et production. To accomplish this necessitates th*
transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict ot Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under th*
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for th* purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, ot capitalist
property ln the mean* ot wealth production (natural resource*,
factories, mills, railroads *tc.,) into the collective property of th*
working class.
3. Th* democratic organlzatlc r. and management of Industry
by th* workers.
8.   The establishment, aa speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Wlll this legislation advance the Interests of th* working class and aid the worker* ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If It will the Socialist
Party Is for It; If It will, not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all th* public affairs placed in its hand* In such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
"THE LIBRARY OF
ORIGINAL SOURCES"
n.r.J^!'* Socialists and other Independent thinkers, this great library ia
AlEi? S~!,n? encyclopedia*, histories and all auch second-hand Information It
sfc^»W«°J.,w.rer! ."'^Sryv.0' civilisation, reveals the naked truth and
i*^J$?Trf?2£U*J*,£ ta»TM»M». » annihilate* the arguments of Capltal-
ih.Siril. t1frs.,wno deliberately mlarepreaent for the purpose of keeping the
SKS0.™",?" the Producers. Economics, Evolution, Education, Philosophy, So-
£.32*2.'#iSc,nce- Peypbology, Religion and all fields of thought, the Idea* that
h,J«.HLl?enoeS oMNjaton in the original words of the master thinker* and
Si**..-!*"*-0-"* froni Thalea, Plato. Aristotle, Socrates through to Darwin,
SKJJ°Sr' Hux'ey. Marx. Engela, Haeckel, etc., Ten large de luxe volumes
printed on pure white deckle edge paper, one full hundred page photogravure*, gold title and tops bound In rich seal brown Art Vellum.
GREATEST WORK EXTANT
FOR SOCIALISTS
Say* Freeman Knowles, Editor of "The Lantern" (Socialist). Victor Ii.
Berger says In thla issue of the "Social Democratic Herald.," No Socialist
can afford to be without thl* great library." All leading Socialist writers,
editors and lecturers use and conmmend thla great library—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Arthur M. Lewis, A. H. Simons, and literally thousands
or the comrades, farmers, miners, ranchmen mechanics and business and pro
fessional men.
READ WHAT THE COMRADES SAY
, APPEAL TO REA80N: "Active
Looals could not make a better Investment than a Bet of these book*."
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Local,
Hackbrry, Kas.): "I owe you my
thank*; the greatest addition I ever
made to my library."
WALTER LOHRENTZ (Sec. Long-'
shoremen's   Union,   Seattle,   Wash.):
A boon  to the working class who I
nave neither time nor money to secure a university education.'
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist lecturer): "I have longingly desired such
ft work for years. A service to civilisation."
WM. A. KEAGLE (Hudson, Mich.,
Local): "I am a poor man, yet my
money goes cheerfully for what I
consider the greatest acquisition of
my life."
ARTHUR    M.    _
Scientific Socialism):   "I regard it as
valuable    	
the    moat
library."
LEWIS   (Lecturer
jard
part   of
IO FORD (Sec. Am. Assn. of Masters, Mates and Pilots, Paduoah,
Ky.): "Am enjoying a continuous In-
tell   *    - "
illectual feast.'
I"
NOT FOR SCHOLARS—FOR THINKER!
MAIL TmTTM TO-SAT.
University Research EtenslonT^
Mllwakee, U, S. A.
 Please send me review articles by Simons, Berger and others, and tell
me now I can get the ten volumes library on a co-operative basla.   No obligation Involved by this request.
Name	
Address
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
4] If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Oas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi cost of
Installing the gas pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.

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