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Western Clarion Jan 27, 1912

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PUR YBAR       VlsVU
The Thing That Is Right Wins Standing Out Squarely and Alone.
The power of accumulated capital
Js a very great force in the world.
Conservation ls a great force—the disposition of many men to oppose progress, the contror of the world's press
by which every day millions of people are misinformed and misled ls a
great force. The two great political
parties are a great force, dividing t he
government between them, and diverting attention from feal issues by
means of fake contests and shows.
Militarism is a great force.
The control of the courts Ib a great
force—the power to interpret laws
and to evade  them.
The control of employment is a
great force—influencing the votes of
millions of men by the threat of dls-
The united railroads are a great
force, exerciBing their influence upon
their employees and upon the public.
The power of the united banks Is a
great force, compelling Iretall merchants to take such political action as
will pleaBe the men that control the
The universities and colleges are a
great force, discouraging new ideas
and educating young men to serve the
masters with gladness.
The Associated Press is a great
force, poisoning the news and directing the unconscious beliefs of the
Social' prestige is a great force,
ostracising all persons that do not
hold conventional views and sedulously upholding the established order.
The Church is a great force, condemning the workingman to patience
with his lot and working Industriously
as tbe handmaid qf capital.
Chauvinism ls a great force, constantly teaching that whatever ls
done in our country represents the
best possible achievement and blinding all eyes to the progress made
Prejudice ls a great force, closing
the ears against the arguments of any
movement that may have been misrepresented or lied about.
The power to create panics at will
is a great force, terrorizing small
business and workingmen with a constant threat of ruin unless affairs are
managed to the satisfaction of the
persons that hold the strings.
The control of the nation's money
supply Is a great force, insidiously
and secretly influencing the actions of
The control of political preferment
is a great force, showing young men
that only by doing the bidding of the
' masters can ambition be realized or
distinction attained.
The process of business consolidation and combination is a great force,
always reducing more men to the condition of servants subject to the whim
and caprice of the masters.
All these are great forces in the
But there ls one that ls far greater
than any of these and greater than
all of them combined.
It Is the power of a moral Idea.
The phrase Is misused so much and
bandied about by canting orators that
one hesitates to lay hold of it; and
yet lt ls perfectly good and represents
a tremendous truth.
What 1 mean Is that the greatest
power in the world, Incomparably the
greatest, bo much the greatest that
all the rest are but pigmies, is the
power of a protest against a fundamental wrong. 1 mean that but one
man, standing by himself and steadily
protesting, even if he protest unheard,
ls a greater force In the world than
money and armies, I mean that nothing can stand before such power. I
mean that it ls like the microscopic
jet of water, no bigger than the finest
needle, that works its way unseen
under the embankment and presently
neither great stoneB nor masonry mot
Iron can withstand it, and the whole
structure goes out
The Irrepressible Protest.
About seventy-five years ago two
or three obscure men ln this country
began to say that chattel slavery was
The very few that heard them
laughed aloud. Chattel slavery was
the established institution, rock-rooted
and eternally based. If anything
could be regarded as fixed and deter
mined forever lt was that chattel slav
ery was an inseparable part of the
American republic.
'The foundation of the republic is
slavery," said the ablest Southern
commentators, and no one, except the
two or three obscure mad men, ever
thought of disputing the doctrine.
All classes of men accepted slavery
as Inevitable and unchangeable even
when they did not think that it was
divinely ordained and anybody that
criticized it waB an impious and pro-
fance wretch.
AH the forces that I have enumerated diligently supported slavery and
served lt on the bended knee. Politicians, clergymen, educators, editors,
statesmen, professional men, students,
lawyers, judges, public officers, lead
ers of society, eminent persons in all
walks of life, engaged in contests to
see which could crawl the farthest
before slavery, the supreme. A man's
social rank and prestige was gauged
by the extent of his service and devotion to slavery's great cause. To
keep human beings in bondage was
regarded as the most laudable aim of
life, and any person not avid in Its
pursuit was looked upon as an undesirable citizen.
Against all this overwhelming tide,
two or three obscure men stood and
uttered protest. When they were not
to be silenced by scornful laughter,
the angered Blave power began to
shoot them, tar and feather them, and
drag them through the streets of Boston and other places, with ropes
around their necks.
They never ceased to protest.
Men called them pestilent agitators,
denounced them as vile disturbers of
the social order, broke up their meetings, chased them from one hiding
place to another, called upon all patriots to assist in ridding the country
of these public enemies. All the power of all the forces I have mentioned
was exerted against them year after
year. No respectable person would
so much as listen to them. In the
eyes of all right-thinking men they
were a blot upon the country and a
disgrace to its flag. But they never
ceased to protest.
They had no money, they had no
standing, they had no influence. They
did not belong to the dominant parties, nor stand well ln church. In the
great world of business they were
scoffed at and hated. A million men
of greater strength drowned their
feeble voices. And yet these few obscure ones steadily drove the entire
nation before them. With nothing
but their protests they forced the
country to think. Year after year
they went on, never accepting compromise, never yielding a point, always insisting that as slavery was
morally wrong thero could be with It
no terms of peace, always protesting.
The time came when one of them
cheerfully laid down his life on the
gallows for the sake of his faith.
Then the world began to see that
here was something vital, eternal, Indomitable, basic, not to be escaped;
that it must be settled and it could be
settled but ln one way, and that was
on the ground of the moral Usue lt
raised. For fifty years foolish persons have said foolish things to the
effect that tho guns of an army Bitot
slavery to death. Others have loaded
with praises tho memory of this military hero or that. These had nothing to do with lt. The power that
ended chattel slavery in America was
the power of the protest made by the
few obscure men that continued always to say without ceasing that
slavery was morally a great and hideous wrong.
Between eternal right and eternal
wrong there can be no truce. When
the Abolitionists had carried their
agitation to the point where in spite
of all the powers of darkness they
were being heard, doughfaced persons
wanted to compromise. "Let ub get
together for something that we can
win now," said these worldly-wise
ones. "Let ub stand for a law limiting the extension of slavery, because
we can win with that." And the Abolitionists replied that they recognized
nothing as a victory short of the total
extinction of the thing on which they
declared war. And never ceasing to
protest they went their way until at
(Continued on Page Four)
By B. R.
In the rich folk-lore of Andalusia
there ls a quaint saying that "ln the
land of the blind the one-eyed Ib
King." It ls to say that he who understands the clearest ls best fitted.
The Socialist's comprehension of
public affairs ls his armor and child.
He despises rainbows of promise and
the delusions of hope. He knows the
public press Is a journalistic bawd
whose abominations would shame the:
apocalyptic whore of Babylon. He
holds at naught the miserable moralities of the piety-peddlers and Is not
concerned about "a happy land far
He Interprets disturbances ln the
social order most accurately, because,
back of his philosophy Is the profound
learning and logic of all the exact sciences.
He analyses the doings of men in
the light of the doctrine that we follow that thing which we conceive to
promise us most substantial good.
Under a principle which he has discovered in the capitalist system of
production, known In the Socialist
books as the law or surplus values, he
can tell you why ever so often the
wheels of Industry must stop, the factories shut down when men do want
for the very means of comfort and
life, and why when the bosom of
bounteous mother earth is swollen
and taut with plenty, yet must the little bellies of children be pinched and
shrunken, and wolfish hunger stalk
the lives and smite with wretchedness
abject the laughing eyes of the innocents who dwell in the places of the
evil smells.
His notion of the. struggle for existence Is a true accounting for the
fact that the beauteous daughters of
toiling sires must be fed like the Maid
Andromeda into the Insatiable maw
of the world's chief monster, and the
scarlet door mark the beginning of
their joyless pourney down a tortuous and miasmatic path to the potter's
The Socialist is an Incessant reader
of books.
Open at least one eye!
This Woman Also Lost Father, Stepfather and Two Brothers in
TRINIDAD, Colo., Jan. 24.—Three
husbands, father, stepfather and two
brothers killed in Las Animas county
coal mines has been the terrible record of grief heaped upon Mrs. Julia
Oliver of Starkville, who was made a
widow for the fourth time when J.
W. Oliver was crushed to death by a
fall of rock ln the Rugby mine of the
Rapson Fuel Company, 30 miles north
of here.
With the exception of her flrst husband and a brother, both of whom
died of pneumonia contracted ln the
mines, all met violent deaths.
The long list of mine disasters ln
this county has already claimed its
toll of other families in this section,
but the tragic report of death that
has followed the Sipple family has
never been equalled in the history ot
western mines.'
|       FREE SPEECH      |
A big demonstration is to be held
SUNDAY, the 28th, on Powell Street
football grounds, at 2 o'clock, to protest against the city authorities for
putting a stop to speaking on the
streets. Come in your thousands, all
of you that uphold FREE SPEECH.
The Trades and Labor Council are
taking a hand In this also.
BERLIN, Jan. 23.—A call for the
Reichstag to convene Feb. 7 was Issued today, and from all indications
the Socialists will be ln control,.with
at least 110 members. The exact per-
sonnelaof the body cannot be determined until next Thursday, when there
will be re-balloting in 33 districts, in
which none of the contestants at the
general election of Jan. 12 received a
plurality of the votes cast.
The Conservatives today admit that
they fear that the Socialists, Liberals
and Leftists will combine in an effort
to control all legislation.
In the general election the Socialists
were within seven votes of capturing
Emperor William's home district.
"A united Socialist Party in Canada
is what we want." The aforementioned exclamation was uttered with
that direct finality which took for
granted that everybody was unanimous on Buch a course. "Well!" 1
remarked, "1 wasn't aware that there
were any Socialists in Canada that
needed uniting. Of course I was aware
that five men and a half hail met at
Port Arthur with the intention of
bringing together the Socialist Federation and the Socialist Democratic
Party, and furthermore was not surprised that they had succeeded, for
the simple reason that their action
and Its results were as much foreordained as the fit, style and general
design of Eve's wedding costume, to
say nothing of Adam's dress suit.
There are a great many well-intentioned but mistaken persons within
Socialist circles who have visions of
a great big solid numerical Socialist
Party that will be able to strike terror In the hearts of all of the working
class's oppressors. This ideal, or
vision, is on a par with other Utopian
pipe dreams and deserves as much
consideration as Bellamy's lovely
Unity along certain lines is essential, especially when certain factionb
have been brought together and need
time for their proper organization,
but for one to say that all organizations are more efficient when brought
Into concentrated or compact bodies
might be correct theoretically, but is
at variance with facts.
Biologists are agreed that unicellar
bodies maintain their existence by division, i. e., that each cell splits, or,
rather, after it has attained a certain
development, its growth depends on
a part separating Itself and forming
an existence of its own. The same
thing applies to a certain degree to
animal groups, of which the human
ls one. Animal bodies or groups outside of the human instinctively per-
from the division of the troop, colony,
herd, etc., to conform with a new environment. Generally speaking, the
food supply, its scarcity or abundance,
ls the reason for herds to come togeth
er or separate again. In some cases
it means protection to divide Instead
of unite.
Human groups are no more immune
from the operation of universal law
than are mosquitos, although we can
to a certain degree foretell In advance
their direction. Why it is at certain
times that the human family finds it
more advantageous to live In Isolated
groups and at other s to amalgamate
is a matter that I cannot go into fully
at present. Aristotle recognized the
various divisions of classes and governments, and accounted for them ln
his "Politics." He remarked that
democracies, oligarchies and tyrannies, etc., were necessary in Greece,
and lt depended on the division of
classes which was most desirable.
The question ls, "Is unity always
and everywhere desirable?'' I say decidedly, No! It depends on the organization, Its virility, and the results.
The Socialist Party of Canada Is delivering certain education to the
"working class" along lines which lt
deems correct. It refuses to dabble
with reforms so far as Its propaganda
ls concerned, consequently how can lt
merge, compromise, or mix with a few
(half-educated in proletarian economics) so-called parties that never make
an appearance except at the usual
four-year voting competition.
This braggadocia talk about sixteen
and eighteen hundred members Ib simply a con game to catch success. It's
on a part with Cotton's 12,000 circulation.
If the Socialist Federation Is no
larger than the Social Democratic
Party it certainly was a shame to
spend the money on such a glorious
manifesto. The Social Democratic
Party has no existence outside of
Winnipeg, and you can judge of Its
Socialist propensities when it needs
a Liberal Slngle-Taxer by the name of
Trueman to deliver an address. "Why
the Roblin Government should resign?'' Why? Because they had not
lived up to their telephone policy.
Now, ,sn't that a fine subject for an
address under the auspices of the So-
Continued on page three
Mastership Consists of the Power to Make and Keep
Others in Slavery.
One often sees the term, "the working classes" used by capitalist speakers and in the capitalist press.
There are no working classes.
There Is a Working CLASS.
Why ls there a Working Class?
There is a Working Class because
there ls a Class which doesn't work,
for the most part, with which the
Working Class Is compared.
Why does not this Class work?
Because they have no need of working, because they are ln a position to
make the other class work for them.
They are in the position of owners
of the means of production, the means
of life.
ThiE gives them the power of forcing
those who DO NOT own the means of
production to beg the owners for the
opportunity to produce, and to get the
opportunity when it suits the owners
to let them have lt.
It suits the owners to employ those
who do not own when they can receive
profit from their labour.
The Class line can only be clearly
drawn between those who own and
those who do not. It can only be
drawn on property lines.
It can not be drawn on organic lines,
for all members of the human species
are organically the same.
It can not be drawn on lines of colour or -race as we have Anglo-Saxon
capitalists, German capitalists, Chinese
capitalists, and negro 'capitalists; we
have Anglo-Saxon workers, German
workers, Chinese workers and negro
There are capitalists of all races, and
workers of all races.
The Class line cannot even (though
we use the term "the working class'
popularly) between the Idle class and
the working class because there are a
number of the capitalist class who take
part In industry and there are always
a number of the non-owning class who
are forced to be Idle because the Jobs
will not go round.
Truly there are a number of those,
whom we may term petty capitalists,
ln society, little business man and the
like, those whom Kautsky speaks of
as "unclasslflable hybrids, belonging
wholly to neither class, and partly to
both," those whose lives are a continual worry, who are despalrably but
fruitlessly striving to maintain their
position, "hanging on by the hair of
their eyebrows," but as they aro bound
to be shook off Into the working claBs
before long, they are a negligable factor.
Having endeavored briefly to make
the matter clear, I shall now on use
the terms "working class" and "capitalist class," or "ruling class" for reasons of brevity and popular usage.
The owning class has always been
the ruling class, the dispossessed class
has always been the Blave class.
The owning class Ib the master class
Our class ls tho slave class now.
Owing to the Improvement In the
tools and method of production, the
fashions In mastership and slavery
have changed from time to time, but
though the FASHIONS have changed
the THING has always remained the
Mastership consists of the POWER
to make and keep others In slavery.
Slavery Is the condition of being
forced by any means, to work for others.
The first class of slaves were forced
to work by means of armed guards,
they were chattel slaves, who could be
bought and sold just the same as horses and cattle are now.
Sometimes they revolted (rend "The
Ancient Lowly," by Osborne Ward),
but were always put down In the end.
When this system of slavery passed
out of date, out of fashion, the slaves
were forced to work for their feudal
lords because these lords owned the
land; this was a modified form of ancient slavery; sometlmeB the slaves revolted under THIS syBtem, but were
always put down in the end, armed
force being used by the masters when
necessary, as It is now. (Read "Six
Centuries of Work and Wages" and
"The Economic Interpretation of History," by ThoraW Rogers, and "The
Industrial History of England," by
But, of course, we are free men now
under capitalist regime, especially we
who live under tbe sway of the glorious British Vampire, we are not
bought and sold at the block, they cannot treat us to a whipping now. (How
about the savage sentences of Magistrate Shaw, ln Vancouver, of ten and
fifteen years and twenty and thirty
lashes, awarded to wage slaves driven
by unemployment' to robbery at the
point of the pistol; did you ever see a
flogging and hear the screams? The
writer has).
Of course, all that our masters can
do now ls to force us to work by "economic pressure," that ls, they have the
goods and we have not.
So down we go Into the mines and
dig coal, iron, silver, lead, copper, etc.,
we go to the forests and cut logs, we
slave in the saw mills and turn the
logs into planks, boards and scantlings,
we work the land, we work on the sea
as seamen aud fishermen, we build the
houses, we cook the food, we take care
of the houses, we make the beds ot
our lords, we wait on them hand and
Let us take a typical capitalist, one
who spends all his life ln pleasure,
one who does nothing In production.
He gets up in the morning (or afternoon probably), after his breakfast has
been brought to him In bed; he has
his bath, which has been tilled by hla
valet; very likely his valet helps to
wipe him after he has had his bath.
His clothes, from hat to boots, have
been already laid out by the valet, who
assists to put them on.
He goes to his club, and ls waited
on hand and foot.
He has but to say the word and a
motor-car, produced by the working
class, driven by a member of the working clasB, is at h'is disposal Instantly.
Every place he goes is built by the
working class, every vehicle he rides
In ls driven by the working class, every
preasure be enjoys ls provided by the
working class.
He Is driven home ln the evening to
dinner (probably filled with champagne, also produced by the working
class), he Bits down to a mahogany
dining table, covered with snowy linen,
sparkling cut glass and silver, choice
food and flowers, all produced, from
source to table, by the working class.
A chair, produced by the working
class, is pushed under him, when he
gets into position, by a member of the
working class, he ls waited on by a
member of the working class, the table
is cleared, when he has finished his
meal by a member of the working
Eventually, he retires to rest, to a
luxurious apartment, to a bed made by
a slave-girl—a member of the working
Can you deny this? You know you
Briefly, the capitalist class ls the
class that Ib waited upon, hand and
The Working Class waits on the
Capitalist Class, hand and foot.
The function of the Capitalist Class
Is to receive presents.
The function of the Working Class is
to give presents.
The Capitalist ClaBS have their
stocking hung up all the time.
That good, kind Santa Claus, the
Working Class, is filling that stocking
all the time.
At times the stocking gets too full,
hence "tho unemployed problem,"
which will never be solved while capitalism lasts, but will, on the contrary,
become intensified.
Enough said: the only hope of the
working class Is to turn clasB property
Into collective property, by seizing
what stands in the way—the powers of .
government—and uBlng them on its
only behalf as long as necessary, and
then discarding them.
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Tlieatre PAGE TWO
Published every Saturday by tbe So-
claltst Party of Canada, at the Office of
tbe Western Clarion, Flack Block Basement,   165 Hastings Street,  Vancouver,  B.C
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bounties and abundance made possible
by the industrial development of the
The army of unemployed ia but an
evidence of the demand by our self-
appointed rulers of the workers' right
to live. Without employment, which
in the last analysis means without
access to the means of life, the worker
cannot live. He must perish from
want. And lt is upon this denial of
the right to live, except by permission
of our capitalist masters, that the entire structure of modern civilization
rests.   ThlB is the rule of capital.
CEO—Wa<ch the label on your paper. If
vJ* this number ls on lt, your subscription   expires .the  next  issue.
The last half century has witnessed
the rapid development of one of the
most striking characteristics of capitalist production, viz., chronic unemployment for an ever-increasing percentage of the working class. There
has been no period within the past
fifty years that an army of unemployed has not been in evidence. At frequently recurring periods the situation
has become more acute owing to the
impossibility of disposing of the surplus values accruing to the capitalists
in the shape of commodities' wrung
from the exploitation of the working
class. During the periods of "depression" large numbers of workers
are thrown out of employment owing
to the necessity of curtailing production until the market may take on a
more healthy activity—from a capitalist standpoint. The ranks of the unemployed are thus augmented and the
poverty and misery incidental to this
condition of lack of employment, be-
cofes so wide-spread and of such magnitude that lt ls forced upon the attention ot even those who are the
most reluctant to admit of Ub existence.
Vancouver is just now experiencing
an unemployed agitation. To hear the
average bourgeois tin-horn refer to
the matter, either in person or through
the columns of the profit managed
press, one would be led to believe this
condition to be something entirely unknown in this mailiwick, heretofore.
The fact ls that It has always been
ln evidence during recent years, although, perhaps not quite so pronounced as at present.
While It ls undoubtedly true that
the conditions of employment have
not been so bad here ln the West as
ln the older and more densely populated districts of the east, it need not
be a matter of wonder that conditions
here are rapidly sinking to the level
of even the most congested portions
Vancouver, the city on which thousands of eyes have longed to look; the
noted single tax city; the real estate
shark's second New York; the city
which has been making history, is
again making history of another kind.
Thousands of unemployed roam the
street. Street parades and meetings
were held last week close on a thousand taking part in the parade, but
now the meetings and parades are
over. The police and detectives are
ready to ride down and club the first
attempt at a demonstration. Six men
were jailed for speaking on the street
and others arrested on other charges.
Every few years, as regular as the
seasons themselves, we have constantly recurring periods of depression in
many of our staple Industries, and
thousands of workpeople who can only
just keep their heads above water in
the busleBt times are left without
work. How they struggle through
these terrible times Is a mystery, for
although the labouring population have
little wealth a good number of them
seem to have been blessed with a double portion of English pride, and they
resent nothing stronger than even the
mere imputation of poverty. It is only
by some casual remark that one obtains an Insight Into the true state of
things during these desperate periods:
the constant state of semi-starvation;
the heroic self-sacrifice; the days of
bitter, blank despair; and then, often,
after all that human nature is capable
of, the breaking up of a once happy
and comfortable home.
The general reply when one asks the
cause of all this distress Is the seeming
paradox, "Overproduction."
Overproduction! Thousands upon
thousands of half-clad men, women and
children, ln the country, and yet there
iB "overproduction" of shirts, boots,
hats, and every other necessary and
unnecessary article of clothing.
The anomaly is not new, but has become  so  common  that  it  Is .looked
The jails are full.   Hold-ups and bur-
glarie's are as frequent as street cars upon as a matter of course and never
passing'by. Yes, Vancouver, whose questioned. Carlyle, in his day, seized
capitalist papers boasted of $17,000,000 upon lt and poured forth his stormy
in building permits for 1911; Vancou- indignation:	
ver, whose bank clearings reached ( ..But what will refiectlve readers
$450,000,000 in 1911; Vancouver, the Bay o{ a Governing Class such as ours,
working man's paradise; Vancouver, in addressing its workers with an indict-
whose steps several cities and towns ment ot overproduction! Overproduc-
in Canada ana the States, are going to tIon. runs It not g0? ye miscellaneous,
follow by Single Tax methods; yet ln ignoble manufacturing Individuals, ye
spite of all this we see an unemployed , nave produced too much! We accuse
army, thousands strong, looking foryou 0f making above two hundred thou-
worlc.   Oh, some pig-headed working gand snlrt8 -or the bare backs of man.
stiff will say, but they would not work
If you give them work. No, It'B only
fools that want to work under such a
system as this Call them what you
wlll, they are the products of the system and the quicker you realize that
no matter how big a city, how much
so-called prosperity ls there, how many
schemes of municipal government are
being worked, It will not better the
condition of the wage worker.
Here you have on the one hand a
class owning the machinery of wealth
production, whose slaves are Increasing the productivity of the machine,
thereby eliminating unnecessary labor
kind. Your trousers, too, which you
have made, of fustian, of cassimere, of
Scotch-plaid, of jane, nankeen, and
woolen broadcloth, are they not manifold? Of hats for the human head, of
shoes for the human foot, of stools to
sit on, spoons to eat with—Nay, what
say we hats or shoes? You produce
gold watches, jewelries, silver forks,
and epergnes, commodes, chiffoniers,
stuffed sofaB—Heavens, the Commercial Bazaar, and multitudinous Howel-
and-Jameses cannot contain you. You
have produced, produced—he that
seeks your Indictment, let him look
around.   Millions of shirts, and empty
power, and throwing upon the labor I pairs of breeches, hang there in judg-
markets countless thousands. Where
are these thousands to go? To the big
cities, to the little villages, anywhere
and everywhere, in search of a job or
a meal ticket. As vags they are
hauled up before the judge, sent to jail
or driven out of town. What a sensible
remedy. Bread and water, dark cells,
rock piles, lashes, chain gangs, will
these remedy the cause of crime and
poverty? No. Fill up your jails, drive
out your vags, lash your hold-up men,
It never has stopped it and never will
until .the present system is abolished.
ment against you. We accuse you of
overproducing; you are criminally
guilty of over producing shirts, breech-
es, hats, shoes and commodities, in a
frightful over-abundance. And now
there ls a glut, and your operatives
cannot be fed!"
We hear on every hand that people
are becoming mean, sordid, brutal, and
Belflsh, owing to the blind race for
wealth; this nobody attempts to deny;
and yet it is perfectly clear that the
more raw material we can take from
mother Earth and transform into articles of utility, the wealthier the com
. And who Is to blame for all this? No-
of the capitalist Industrial hell. This^^ b(]t th(j worklng man himself,' munity must be. But, alas! It is weal-
levelling down process has been ably| whQ Qn gee(ng an unemployed parade, j thler collectively and not individually,
expedited during recent years by a: ragge(] dlrty lo0king and although in and the creed of present day commer-
groBsly material capitalist institution some ^ageg unemployed Himself, will j clallsm Is "all for self and none for
say, "they don't want work."   O, you j commonwealth."
poor fools,  where is your  reasoning |    A stranger to our land, who did not
power?    Don't you ever stop to rea- know  our  social  laws  and  manifold
"lack of purchasing power" for overproduction, and we come to the actual,
bald fact. We, as a Christian nation,
made great sacrifice of blood and treasure to help to bring about the abolition
of slavery, and yet (although nothing
ia further from my thoughts than to
advocate slavery) the slave was ln
some respects better off than the numbers of strong and willing people who
are wandering about the country today
in a futile search for work. The slave
more often than not had a humane
master—lt was only a small minority
who were habitually llltreated—and
they would be well fed and kept in
good trim by their masters from mere
self-interest, for the owner could not
expect as much or as good work from
a half-starved creature as one who had
a sufficiency of wholesome food, Moreover, if the slave fell ill it was to his
master's interest to treat him well ana
get him in good health again as quickly as possible, that he might get back
to work.
Now look for a moment at the position of the Ordinary workman. He is
usually paid such wages aB will just
provide him and his family with absolute necessaries, and, ln some cases,
with a few inexpensive luxuries. If his
health should break down he Is left
to struggle along as best he may, and,
as his income is cut off, he probably
gets insufficient nourishment and attention, and often manages to hang a
millstone of debt round his neck,
which has to be paid off at a few shillings weekly when he recovers and recommences work—providing that his
situation has not been filled ln the
meantime. As he becomes aged, and
begins to lose vigor, a younger man
will probably take his place, and he
will be supported either by contributions from his children (who.themselves have in many cases households
to maintain) or he will be left to end
his days In the poorhouse. And then,
on the top of all this, forsooth, he must
be punished for working too hard and
producing too much! Truly the world
seems out of joint.
In the Socialist Review.
Socialist   Party  Directory
Socialist    Party    of    Canada.      Meets
every     alternate     Monday.
Matthews     Secretary,     679-
Richards lane.   Vancouver, B
B.     I.
larnii   coldiou   ndracuL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday,   R.   I.   Matthews,   Secretary.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada.
Meets every alternata Monday ln Labor
Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite post-
office. Secretary wlll be pleased to
answer any communications regarding
the movement In the province. F*
Danby,   Secretary,   Box   847,   Calgary,
Committee: Notice—This card ls Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested ln the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS ore always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. H. Stebblngs Address,
316 Good Street, Winnipeg.
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVTKCXAI. Executive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. _ Meets every first and third
Saturday ln the month, 8:00 p.m.. at
headquarters, Matn Street, North Battleford. Secretary will answer any
communications regarding the movement in this Province. L. Budden,
Secy., Box 101, North Battleford, Sask.
known as the Salvation Army, which
aided, abetted and bonused by the Dominion   and   Provincial   Governments
has shipped thousands of human bun- ^ sQn wha). would" t,ecome of those that' contradictions,   coming  here   for  the
dies of labor-power Into Canada from  haye the ]oan Qf ft j()b „ tnat bunch |   -lr8t   tlmei   W0Uld   say   to   himself:
the terribly congested districts of the
old country.   If any relief has been af-
who "don't want work" should  sud-, "Surely  I have discovered  the  most
There are mil-1 perfect of countries, and the happiest
atlon has not yet reached this office
From what we can learn labor con
dltlons were never worse ln the old
country than now.    What malees the
Mr. Lloyd George has discovered
Poverty and the Slums. For over three
years he has been Chancellor ot the
Exchequer, and has been marvelously
busy—but Poverty still reigns; and
Slums still exist. And so Mr. Lloyd
George talks about it and them. His
speech at Cardiff, where 1,500 clergymen and lay workers attended to hear
him, was so diverse and comprehensive that it might be said there was a
crumb of comfort for everybody in it.
One small portion of It, lifted bodily
from Mr. Chlozzi-Money's writings on
the distribution of wealth, would not
be gainsaid, but rather welcomed, by
the Socialist. But, after all, the Chancellor's speech led merely Into the air
—where we presume It was Intended
to lead. He appealed to the Churches,
not to set themselves to any practical
task—that would never do; but to "create an atmosphere." It sounds almost
comic to appeal to the Churches, whose
patrons live on Profit, and a great deal
of whose revenues are derived from
Slums, to expose the Poverty and the
Slums; and to inculcate the spirit of
self-sacrifice in the well-to-do. We get
tidal waves of that kind of sentiment
now and again. We suppose Mr. Lloyd
George is after producing another. But
if the Chancellor and the members of
the Churches he was addressing are
minded to deal with Poverty or with
Slums (which are only a part of the
poverty problem), then there Is only
one way—bold communal effort. Even
Mr. Lloyd George ln one of his rapid
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace jbay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box
491, Olace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL    FERNIE,   B.   P.   of   C,    HOLD
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., every Sunday evening at 7:30. Business meeting flrst Sunday in each month, Miners' Hall at 2:30. W. L. Phillips, Secretary, Box 504.
LOCAI,   CMtE-ENWOOD,   B.   C,    VO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
i.ooix MMuni, no. as, a. r. at c,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:S0 p.m. E. Campbell, Secretary, P.O.
Box (74. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets In Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:80 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O.
Box 64. Rossland.
X-OOA-T-  SOUTH  TOUT   000*08,   B.C.,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. ln Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
"LOOAX  VANCOUVEB,,  B.  C,  NO.  1,  ■.
P. of C. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 138
Water Street. F. Perry, Secretary, 511
Hornby St.
LOOAL VANCOUVEB,   B.   O.,   BO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second ana
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 2287
Main Street.    Secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
LOCAL     COLMStAW,     AI.CA.,     BO.     f.
Miners' Hall and opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the tlrst
and third Sundays of tne month. Business meetings on Thursday eveatugs
following propaganda meetings at 8.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Ulendennlng, Box US,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
information any day at Miners' HaU
from Com. W. Graham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A.
P. of C. Headquarters 62*! First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading- room ls open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, A. Farmilo, (22 First St.;
Organiser, W. Stephenson
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening ut S o'clocx at the headquarters. 4211 HlghtU Ave. East, between Third and Fourth streets.
•very Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, 8
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1048.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at 8
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalieu, 144 Third St.„
Brandon, Man.
LOCAL mCKBL, B. C, NO. 10, 8. T.
ot C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. In
Crahan's Hall. A hearty invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the flrst
and third Sundays of each month at
10:80 a.m. In the same hall. Party
organisers take notice. A. S. Julian,
LOOAL KOTZ8,  B.  0., NO.  30,  MEETS
second Sunday, 7:30 p.m., in McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall). Thos. Roberts,
LOOAL  nUM,  8.  1
every   Friday   evening
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B.
tin, Secretary.
at tl p.m., in
C.    I. A. Aus-
8. P. of C, meets every Sunday In
hall ln Empress Theatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
LOOAL   BXVBZ.BTOXB,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary
LOOAL SANSON, B. O., NO. 36, 8. T. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Miners' Union Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
LOOAL VICTORIA BO. 9, 8. P. of ft—
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, over Collls-
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
LOOAL  VEBJTON,  B.   C,  BO.  38,  8.  P.
of C. Meets every Tuesday, 8:00 p.m
sharp, at L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St.
W. H. Gilmore, Secretary.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third Bun-
days in the month, at 4 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1983.
OP O.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. in., ln the Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organiser,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
8. P. OP O.—Headquarters 128M, Main
Street, Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic class
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address,   270   Young   Street.     Propa-
flands, meeting every Sunday evening
n Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion Invited,
LOOAL OTTAWA,  NO. 8, 8. P. of O.—
Headquarters, 36 1-2 Rideau Street.
Business meetings the flrst Sunday in
the month at 3 o'clock p.m. at headquarters. Secretary, Sam Horwith.
Phone 277. Address, 322 Gladstone
LOCAL  OLACE BAT, BO.  1,  OP  B.  8.
Business and propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's Hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organiser, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office ln D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. Building, Union
LOCAL'  SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    of
Nova Scotia.—Business nnd propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30  In the S. O.  B. T. Halfback
of Town  Hall.
tary, Box 344.
' William Allen, Seore-
tlon of the S. P. of C. Is organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrainian proletariat on the revolutionary class. The Federation ls the
autonomous part of the S. P. of C.
and affirms to the program and tactics
of the S. P. of C.
UIU   UUUIIH.*.       11   nnj    16UB1    lino   ..*..-<.   "■ . . .     . wnrlr9
forded to those congested districts by. ™ y J^ wn0 „ long as they can 10f peoples, for here there is plethora
this transferor workers such inform-j don,twantwork Work , J of everything, and every man has
  """    ""•■■■■" """              degrading as long as you have to beg! enough and to spare, for they have ac-
of some one else to allow you to work,  tually    produced    more   commodities
who  learnt you  to  say,  "they  don't  than they require."
.    ,,     ,    want work"? Why, the very men (your!    Perhaps If he went a little further
Salvation Army business of^wholesale , ^ ^ themlie-ve, •-nt0 the question and  found out for
shippers of human merchandise partlc- eaultallst to give up his hlmseif that the mass of our labouring ; chameleon changes admits this—prob
ularly obnoxious to those of us wl"^, _,„"_ ' '      ..... I  .. 	
arc religiously Inclined, Is that the ells-
plcable  traffic  Is  carried  on  In  the
name of Jesus.    As  we  feel  certain | v""~~v~"ana all ^blg cities will have he would open his eyeB ln wonder, and 'adopt the logic of a moro equitable dls
that Jesus has nothing to do with such unem.)Ioyed problem to face until. when he returned to his own country-! trlbutlon of wealth nor the need for
an Infamous trafflc-and this feeling; » ^^ ^ nbo]lgh th,g I men he w01,id tell them that he bad|stern communal  effort to stamp  out
of certainty arlBes from reading the Mavors and judges may use' actually seen a land where they penal-;Poverty and Its Slums.  We don't know
history of that gentle soul1 written by | a5;\™n 3;  they may" stop street '       *        * '   ' * ' *"
those who worked with him while In { they m&y keep the,r ,egal
the flesh-It appears to us that not; „,,„„ (i0l(Herl) under arms,
nnl-tr     la     /-tlri     "Hi-it i-i >i'a     ri n U* ft f*     r-ht n 111111 !r , •-.-.!.
but the working class can beat them
Try and get a capitalist to give up nisi uuuswi u»i mo '■■«=■> •».• -—  "i[ •'--" mmmmw »- -      »•■ —
I millions and go digging In a ditch and classes were only on half-rations and ! ahly as another catch at the unwary
seo what he'll Bay. ] suffering Indescribable hardships dur-1 Socialist. But neither Mr. Lloyd. George
I     From now on, summer and winter,' Ing   this   so-called   "Overproduction,"  nor his Churches will be prepared to
an  iron hand;  they may stop street | lsed their labouring classeB for work- wnat Mr. George Is up to now.   He may
only Is old Botoh's power obtaining
business under false pretenses, but
indulging ln most reprehensible blasphemy, aB well.
Be that as it may, howexer, the unemployed are with us, and as a permanent asset of capitalist rule. The
end ls not yet. This Army of unemployed working people must grow ever
larger as the machinery of production Is still further perfected and Improved. Human progress Is measured
by the development of the means and
methods by which the material needs
of the race are satisfied, I. e. by the
development of wealth production.
The Journey from primitive savagery
when individual man depended principally upon his teeth and claws for
his scanty BUBtenance, up to modern
civilization where collective man,
armed with gigantic and powerful
tools, brings forth untold volumes of
needful things, with but comparatively
slight expenditure of human energy,
has been a long and arduous one. But
we have arrived and our class is even
now thundering at the gates of priv-
The capitalist claBs and their pimps
can go so far but no farther. . Once
they goad the millions that aim at
changing the present system In a
peaceful manner by use of the ballot;
once they force them, 1 say, to use
other methods, look out, bullets, clubs
or bayonets will not stop them from
getting what they want. Ten years
ago you could taunt the workers, but
today they number millions and at a
moment's notice from all quarters the
workers will rally round the red flag
In spite of the cowardly millions who
still uphold the present system. Yes,
and we shall have In our ranks the
soldier, the policeman, and the fireman.   Beware!
A man who Is proud that he has
never been without employment, and
who sees nothing for labor to complain of, reminds one of the fellow
who had a place upon a life raft and
who watched  with  amused  eyes  the
struggles   of   others,   drowning   men,
liege and demanding entrance to the' who sought to reach It.
ing too hard and put a premium on
idleness. Such a pass as we are come
to ln a governed country is a blot on
nature. It is not logical—for can lt
be logical that the greater the waste
the better for the community?    And
be feeling his way for another impost
on the workers, say insuring against
Poverty by another poll tax of 4d a
week, or at securing a greater modicum of house room with lesB of In-
sanitatlon by putting another 3d. or 6d.
yet lt there were greater waste would 'a week on the rent.   What these Social
there not also be greater demand for
labour? It Ib not right—lt cannot be
right that an Idle class who tie up the
land for private parks, game, and such
like, should live In ease, while those
who create all the wealth, those who
are the bulwark, the sinews, nay the
very life of the nation, should be reduced to live ln such a state that death la
often hailed as a welcome releaBe.
In the face of all this, political economists calmly say that lt ls a necessary evil consequent upon the "law of
supply and demand." But why? The
supply Ib there—even to overproduction—and Heaven knows there is sut-
ficent demand. If this is the result
of what they call the law of supply
and demand, Is it not high time that
this law were thrown overboard and
another tried in its stead?
But enough of "overproduction." Let
us leave some ambiguous terms and
come to the truth at once.   Substitute
Reformers appear to be anxious to do
Is to make Poverty and Its Slums appear respectable. Poverty Is a horrible, -body-and-soul killing monster, and
howsoever she be clothed her teeth
and talons tear just the same; her
greedy lips drain the red blood from
man, woman and child. When we Socialists war on Poverty we aim at her
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    tup-
plies to Start  Local) $5-00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform   and   application   blank
per 100   25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
•Itto In Ukranian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the re-
"clutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long aa the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist snd
the worker is rapidly culminating ins struggle for possession ef the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up snd enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The trsnsformstion, ss rapidly ss possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workera.
S. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs plsced in its hsnds in such s manner
as to promote the interests of the working class slone.
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
,10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies - -   4.00 SATURDAY,  JANUARY  27TH,  1912
Jan. 16th, 1912.
Dear Comrade,—       '
Kindly send me at once 200 due
stamps. Our Local ls going ahead fine
now; decreased our debts $30, and our
ranks are increased by four class-conscious workers. We can also boast of
a paid-up membership of 30 members.
On the first of January we moved into
our new headquarters, 36% Rideau
street, where we are furnishing a
small Socialist library, and where
everybody is welcome.
Yours for the Revolution,
[ Comrade Editor,—
Some  more  plugs  want  enllghten-
[ ment.   Send them The Clarion for one
[year.   I get a Cotton's Weekly once ln
la while, but I find nothing of value In
lit.   There Is a bunch ln this town that
{subscribe for it, but they never help
us in our meetings.    All they do Is
[look at the sub. list.   Well, we don't
|want them, as our time ls fully occupied making Socialists and we don't
Iwant our heads filled with spicy articles from Cotton's. We want to change
this damned system, not monkey with
It.   I am just home from the slave pen
at 5 a. m. and It's about 40 below zero.
3ee,  It's  something  to  be  patriotic
about.   The Bame conditions exist here
as  everywhere.-   Seventeen  girls  applied for one job; some of them will
soon be forced on to the streets to
get a living.   Ye gods and little fishes!
yhen will the workers know enough
Jto stop patching up the system.   It ls
lup to us to make Socialists  and  to
strive only for the revolution and to
push the Clarion for all we know how,
fror where the Clarion goes there you
Kill flnd revolutionary Socialists.
Yours In Revolt,
J. Klein, City; D-. G. McKenzie, City;
N. Von, ■ City; J. Sidaway, City; J.
Fawcett, City.
BUNDLES—Tottenham Branch,. S.
P. G. B., 20; H. Salting, Naramaba, B.
C, IS; John Mclnnis, S. Fort George,
10; Silverton Miners' Union, 10; J. C.
Turner, Fernle, 5 yearly cards.
Brandon boys get one over Edmonton this week. Cumberland, B. C,
jumps in. Montreal takes another
leap. Ottawa climbs up. Fernie jumps
In, and Brantford takes a place.
Vancouver, B,  C     1
Victoria, B. C     2
Calgary, Alta     3
Brandon, Man     4
Edmonton, Alta     B
Winnipeg, Man     6
Toronto, Ont     7
Montreal,  Que     8
Moose  Jaw,  Sask     9
Silverton, B. C  10
Nelson, B. C  11
Ottawa, Ont   12
N. Battleford, Sask  13
S. Fort George, B. C   14
Fernie, B. C  16
Reglna,  Sask  16
Cumberland, B. C   17
Jan.  15,  1912.
|The Western Clarion,   ,
Vancouver, B. C:
3ear Comrades,—
The Appeal to Reason recommends
Ladysmith, B. C	
Brantford, Ont	
Britannia Mines, B. C,.
(By Watts.)
Comrade J. A. Austin of Nelson, B.
C, has been elected alderman at top
of polls in West Ward.
A committee has been formed in the
House at Ottawa to look into the advisability of giving old age pensions.
More political jobs.
• •   *
One hundred and fifty thousand men
are out of work In Chicago.
There are six* Turkish Socialists in
the Ottoman legislature.
• •   »
Calgary is having lots of trouble getting efficient police and judges these
days. It the workers were wise they
would not be necessary.
• •    •
Earl Grey ln a speech in the city of
London, said: "Canada, some day, ls
destined to be the controlling portion
of this great empire."   We Bay some
carrying the brand of goods I -*T this great empire will be controlled
seed to help carry on the agitation.
Il'lease  send  me  sample  copies  and
club rates, and I will try to help you
[wake up the movement in Canada.
Yours for Socialism,
SHOW     US    THE     GOODS,
Continued from page one
cialist Democratic Party of Winnipeg,
|ind this vote-catching bunch of rum-
nle8 had the nerve to ask the working
class for its vote on the occasion of
lhe last election.
I am of the opinion that a certain
type of animal requires a reform organization through whicli It can voice
|ts midget demands, and I will even
feo so far as to admit that some persons need a slow process of working
Was education of the usual sloppy
Variety, but to suggest, much less act,
Jipon the Idea of all forms of opinion
coming together under one organization or party is certainly confusion
yorse confounded.
We of the Socialist Party of Canada
have heard enough of uniting when
Lou have nothing to unite to. The
held for good sound education is open
to all. The Socialist Party of Canada
Is the only SoclaliBt Party in that particular Held at present, although there
ire grazers In other pastures, and until
tuch times us other organizations can
demonstrate their ability to deliver the
goods to the slaves lor tho slavea'
emancipation, I guoaa we can manage
|to trot along alone.
Yours ln Revolt,
You're doing fine, boys! If this Is
I continued we shall make the plutes
[sit up at the next Dominion elections
iThe following are using the pick and
1 shovel alright, alright:
tw. Atkinson, Victoria	
IP. J. Hunt, Mllden, Sask     6
IS. Horwlth, Ottawa, Ont     5
IT. E. Mason, Montreal, Que     4
1W. Davenport, Brantford    3
[ J. Pllklngton, Enderby,' B. C    3
|wm. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta—   3
[A  Stewart, Moose Jaw, Sask    2
[ W. K. Bryce, Demaine, Sask     2
[H. G. HUIb, Victoria, B. C     2
| G. Beagnc, Calgary, Alta    2
If. Teepie, Brandon, Man    2
| H. Hoet, Cardstone, Alta    2
If. Cobb, Youngstown, Alta——   2
nA. C. Tipper, city    2
SINGLES—E. Simpson, Victoria; G.
[Manke, Hamilton Lake, Alta.;  H. A.
Young, Eng.; A. C. Mills, Eng.; John
Hough, Nanalmo; J. Rolls, New West-
i minster; J. C. Turner, Fernle; D. A.
.Maclean, Calgary; W. A. Dods, Otter
f Point, B. O.-J A. Burke, Montreal; Maritime Ex.; Qeorge Rosslter, Toronto:
by the workera ot the world.
»   •   •
The Orangemen are protesting
against home rule for Ireland. These
superstitious slaves want to be ruled,
but not by Catholics.   What a joke!
• *   '•
A Russian, charged ln the police
court with swearing, said that in Russia he heard that Canada was a free
country, but found lt worse than Russia.
• •   •
The  miners in England  by a vote
of 445,801 against 115,921, decided to
strike iu March unless the operators
consent to their demands ot a minimum wage scale.
• • •
Scarcely has Rev. C. Rlckeson confessed to the betraying and killing of
his sweetheart than another minister
Ib charged with killing a young girl
ln the States.
• *   *
The Calgary Boy Scouts turned out
five strong ln a recent church parade,
but they turn out strong to the drill
hallB. What about the Boy Scout
• *   *
Five or more yearly sub. cards at
c each;   10 or more 6-month cards
at 40c each; 20 or more 3-month cards
at 20c each.
.   .   .
It Is reported that hundreds of thousands of people in the eastern provinces of RusBla have died through typhus and scurvy, while the lives of
20,000,000 are threatened by starvation through the failure of crops. The
"little father" ls not afflicted with the
ills of the common people, and such
being the cale, there is no necessity
for any cablegrams of condolence from
Washington to the royal parasite of
• •   •
It Is reported that there are now
6,000,000 people ln the United States
without employment. Prosperity for
1912 will look somewhat cloudy to
these people, who are anxious and
willing to work, but who are unable to
find a master. Some of the sages and
philoBophers who are continually yelling that "Socialism would destroy the
home," should propose a remedy for
the unemployed problem. It ls to be
hoped that they wlll not all speak at
• e   ♦
Without free "speech no search for
truth is possible; without free speech
no discovery of truth Is usoful; without freo speech progress ls checked
and the nations no longer march forward toward the nobler life which the
future holda for man. Better a thousandfold abuse of free speech than denial of free speech. The abuse dies In
a day, but the denial slays the life of
the people and entombs the hope of
the race.—CharleB Bradlaugh,
Lawrence, Mass., Jan. 15.—The
striking textile workers in this city
to-day were bayonetted and shot by
militia hastily summoned by Mayor
Scanlon at the behest of the mill owners.
Thirty thousand men, women and
children, ordinarily employed in the
mills are Idle. Half of them are on
strike, and the other half are Idle by
force of circumstances.
Not content with having brought
all the local militia into action, Governor Foss waa appealed to during
the course of the day, and Immediately ordered out five more companies of
militia, making eight in all in Lawrence, whose sole duty Is to shoot
men, women and children at the order of the officers under the name of
preserving law and order.
Soldiers Cause Fighting.
The fighting was precipitated to-day
by the appearance at the struck mills
of detachments from Companies F
and L, M. V. M., under the command
of Captains Donovan and Ranlest. The
use of the uniformed and armed men
In strike times always provokes disorder, and It accomplished its object
again to-day.
The police, the strikers declare, had
endeavored to interfere with pickets
at the Pacific Mills, and several unimportant scuffles had taken place.
The excitement caused by them, however, and the fact that they were In
progres attracted a large number of
other strikers, and the mills were surrounded by men bent upon maintaining the right to picket, despite the
fact that the city and the police are
run and owned by the mill owners.
Since Friday last feeling has been
growing in bitterness against the conduct of the police. The strikers are
striking, not merely against a reduction In their pay following a reduction
of' the working hours in accordance
with an act passed by the MasBachus-
setts Legislature. They are fighting
for mere life.
Fight for Life.
The strike Is a hunger strike.
Paid starvation wages at the best
of times, overworked and exploited
by greedy and unscrupulous mill owners, subjected to every indignity that
poverty entails, and feeling that the
entire city ls run In the Interests of
the bosses and that the workers' Interests are never considered, the people here have ben drlvn Into revolt.
They struck against a wage reduction, when wages were already too
low to enable them to secure the elementary decencies of life. They struck
against a system that has broken up
home Hie, for all the family must
work if tho family Is to live. They
struck against a system that speeds
women up until, exhausted, they are
turned out upon the streets and driven
to prostitution. They struck against a
system that wrecks the lives of little
children, leaving them old before their
time, stunted and twisted In body and
Against these things these people
have struck. They are fighting for
life, and they are fighting unscrupulous men whose sole Interest and con-
cers ls the extraction of ever Increaa-
Ing profits.
Order Is Restored.
Before such desperate people appeared the armed forces of the State,
ready at a word to shoot, stab and
bayonet. Immediately on arriving at
the mills, the word was given to clear
the streets. Ab the militia advanced
at the word they were met by a shower of stones, and the flrst ranks were
engaged in a hand to hand fight.
The officers then ordered the soldiers to fire, and several fell wounded.
The order to Are was followed by the
order to charge, and with fixed bayonets hired assassins rushed upon defenceless men, women and children,
bayoneting many of them.
How serious are the wounds Ib not
yet known.
In the meantime pickets had taken
refuge in the mill yards, and as soon
as the bloody work had been done outside, the order was given to clear out
all pickets. Other strikers had taken
refuge ln the yards, and all were ejected by the military at the bayonet's
As they came out at the various
gates the police fell upon them with
batons, clubbing right and left without discrimination as to age or sex.
Order was reatored, and the troops
and police rcBted upon their bloody
In this maBsacre between fifty and
one hundred were wounded.  Whether
any are killed is not yet made public.
Quick-firing   guns   were  placed   in
Quick-firing   guns   were   placed   in
position at the street corners, where
they were  able  to  mow  down  thou
sands of the people at a moment's notice, and the city   Is tonight   under
martial law In all but name.
Mayor Is Responsible.
It waB by Mayor Scanlon's own order that the militia was called out today.    Under   Massachusetts   law the
Governor's    action    Ib    unnecessary,
Mayors  having    authority to act by
precept.—Chicago Socialist.
The jobless man. This ts one of the
burning issues of the day. It Is more
than an issue; It Ib a problem. It Ib
a problem that refusea to lay down of
Its own accord. It iB one that keeps'
the place of politicians ln constant
jeopardy. The jarring rattle and clatter of the empty dinner pall is proving a haunting nightmare to their political dreams. The problem is fundamental. Its solution will Incidentally
solves many others.
The discrepancy seems to be that
there are more jobless men than men-
less jobs, and the end sought iB to
strike a balance. But the embarrassing fact, that one column gets longer
and the other shorter, still brazenly
stares us in the face. All this ln
spite of our so-called unparalleled, unexampled, unprecedented . Canadian
But the job continues to be an elusive thing. It Ib an uncertain thing;
as uncertain as death and taxes are
certa|n. It is a hard thing to capture.
Millions of men, women, boys, girls
and children ln this and other countries are continually on the search
for Jobs—jobs which haven't persons
attached to them—jobs that are not in
use. If perchance one of the searchers captures a job, someone else ia
thereby put on the search for another,
because there are not enough jobs to
go around. The increased use of the
labor-saving machinery and the division of labor assures that the problem
will get worse instead of better.
A man throws out his chest and in
a spirit of pride says, "I've got a good
job." O, delusion of delusions! He
thinks he has a job, but has he? ls
he sure that ha will have lt on the
morrow? Is his tenure of that job
subject to his own will or the will ot
another? Is it not a fact that he holds
that Job by suffrance of another? Is
It not a fact that another OWNS the
job? Ib lt not a fact that a whim ot
the owner of the Job may put the user
of the job ln the jobless column at
any time?    The answers are patent,'for  yourself.
you ma** be able to combat it You
cannot be a proponent nor an opponent of It If you are Ignorant of IL
In this'day of knowledge and enlightenment you cannot afford to remain
In darknes on so vital a question.
Socialism proposes to Increase the
number of Jobs, thus giving all a
chance to have a Job. This lt will do
by making the worker the only owner
—the only employer, In other words,
the owner of all the means of production, distribution and communication
and by operating all Industries at their
full capacity and giving to all the full
product of their labor, leas lhe coat of
maintenance. To be more explicit, lt
will eliminate all profit now made on
the necessities of life occasioned by
private ownership of public utilities.
Everything used ln common wlll be
owned ln common; democratically
owned and democratically managed.
Further, it will-increase the number
of jobs by shortening the hours of
labor, lt will likewise eliminate waste
by putting the middleman, the parasite the non-producing worker, at productive labor. v
It will make a further saving by
dispensing with competition, duplication, advertising and other modern
methods of extravagance. It maintains that the wealth of the world belongs to those who produce it. It
further proposes that they shall have
What other political party proposes
such a program? From what other
source can you expect relief? What
other party can lay so just a claim
to your support? Socialism demands
that you inform yourself aB to your
self-interest. That you use your
brains and your ballot ln your own
Interest. You have let the politicians
do your think long enough. They
think for you and you vote for them.
We ask you to think for yourself and
vote for yourself. Ib there anything
unfair, unreasonable, unpatriotic or
anarchistic ln such demands? You
gain nothing by voting for the other
fellow. You lose nothing by voting
You  have  nothing  to
It seems that no matter how badly
the workers are treated, there are always some of their number prepared
to take sides with the masters against
them. As a case in point, a "mass
meeting" of Huntley and Palmer's em
ployees was held Inside the factory or.
Saturday to "protest against the un
founded statements relative to conditions of labour at the factory." Ol
course, the meeting expressed its sym
pathy with, and confidence in, the di
rectors of the company—that was what
the meeting waa called for. We have
little doubt that theae aentiments wll
be reciprocated by the directors; bul
other work-people will only feel contempt and disgust for wage-slaves whe
could thus hug their chains, and sc
make the struggle for better conditions so much more difficult.—Justice
St. John, New Brunswick, is the clt; ,
of Loyalists, people who were loyal
to the grand old flag of Britain, anc
who In pursuit of freedom to worshii
the British master-class, also an opportunity to escape the deadly bullets
of American "patriots,'1—who were
likewise worshippers of another master class,—fled from the scene of war
In 1776 and founded homes in the new
country. These "Loyalists," whatever
motives may have animated  them,-
The man who uses the job ls abso-' -0se—but your chains—you have a
lutely at the mercy of the man who wor*d t0 galn Th-nk! Act!—act In
OWNS the job, and he Is usually a your own interest—O. M. J,
man of little or no mercy. What
workingman is there who does not live
In that awful dread that the morrow
will flnd him added to the jobless column? What workingman Is there who
does not know that it requires eevry
ounce of his energy and every atom
of his effort to retain the possession of
the job he is using? What assurance
has he when he feels his energy,
strength and vitality slipping away,
that he wlll be protected and cared for
In sickness or old age? What are hla
proapecta for a job when he la no
longer able to produce for the owner
of the job the very maximum of
These observation only complicate
the problem. They offer no consolation or hope to the Jobless man, the
man with a job or the man who tries,
by ordinary methods, to solve the
A solution would be to decrease the
number of jobless men. This can be
done by war. That is one of the chief
functions of war. It calls Into action
many of our surplus men and consumes them ln its every hungry maw.
It likewise detracts attention from local real Ills and directs lt to foreign
imaginary ones. This affords, however, only temporary relief. But wars
are not practical. Wars are expensive and impair the credit of nations.
Nations are loath to enter Into them.
Besides it Is getting to be against
public sentiment. This was demonstrated in Germany recently. People
are not as easily fooled by the affected cry of patriotism as they once
were. They have learned that wars
are for commercial purposes and not
from patriotic motives.
A real solution, or rather THE real
solution, would be to increase! the number of jobs. Having done this, then
make the userB of tho Jobs OWNERS
of them. Make lt so that a man can
have a job, suited to his qualifications,
as long as he can fill it capably and
If 'his a new idea to you, Air. Workingman? Is It news to you, Mr. Jobless-man? If it is it is clear that u
very important part of your education
has been aorely neglected. You aie
ignorant of that which is to your beBt
interest. The sins of ignorance are
very far-reaching Indeed. They will
be visited upon your children for generations and generations.
If this is a new idea to you, it Is
clear that you have not studied the
philosophy of Socialism.
Now, don't let that word frighten
you. Such a course will please only
the owner of your job. Socialism will
not harm you. It cannot harm you.
It Is not directed against any person;
It is directed against a system—a system that has proved your undoing and
that prevents you from owning a Job.
When once you have learned Social-
lam it will be the sweetest word In
your vocabulary. It Is to your present and future Interest and to the Interest of generations as yet unborn,
that you should atudy lt. Whether it
ls good or bad you should study lt.
If lt ls good you should study it that
you may know how to work for it
If it is bad you should study it that
whether the love of oppression or the
hatred of bullets,—have left an armor
ot descendants to overrun the country
to the North. Wherever, you meet ss.
descendant of a "Loyalist," you ine***:
a snob, allee samee as the descendants*
of the Puritans, who have made Ham-
ton a by-word.
All of which Is merely preliminary.
A few weeks ago there was a by-etac*-
tlon ln St. John (and all elections nm*
"buy-electlons" ln N. B. as ln Mains*}-..-
Honorable J. D. Hazen,—capitalist doB-
iticlans are all honorable men,—was to>
be elected to the Dominion'House- «-***<
Commons. He was nominated by the-
Conservattves, and the Liberals, as HS'
to demonstrate the truth of the SoctaJP-
lst contention that there is no fundamental difference between the old parties, decided not to nominate any candidate. Mf. Hazen was to go to Ot-,
tawa as the representative of a unite*:
However, there was a fly In the
soup. The Socialist party had been*
organized in St. John for two years,
and they proceeded to get busy. They
nominated Fred Hyatt, a man whose:
election would have occasioned sonic,
consternation in business Circles.
A Canadian law, passed to keep Socialist candidates out of the fieldt.
makes It necessary tor all candidates-
to deposit $200 before being allowed?,
on the ballot. This money ts returned!
If returned if the candidate secures;
two-thirds as many votes as his successful opponent. The money was sea-
cured with great difficulty, as no cos.'
poration seemed inclined to help thos
St. John comrades.
The Socialists appeared at the coueQ*-
house   where   nominations   must   ltt*.
filed,   but   were   refused  admittance.*-
Finally  they  entered  the back  doc-Band reached the proper officers. Thcr
nomlnation was refused, the deposits-
returned, and the Socialist candidal*?
arbltrarlly  shut  off  the  ballot.    Mr
Hazen was elected unanimously, au-J-
goes to take his place on the Borden,
cabinet, where he will continue to talk.
platitudes and preach "the gospel oC-
good politics."
All of this goes to show that capitalism la the same the world over, thas.
the franchise is more or lesB of a joke.
and that the capitalist class, wben it-
becomes necessary, will not hesitate
to take from the workers those fe«K
"rightB" which they think they haves.
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last   they   carried   the   conscience   ot
'Hie nation with them.
An Assured Result.
It has been exactly so in every instance where there was a moral idea
protesting against a fundamental
wrong. Always the established order
bas received with scorn aud contempt
the suggestion of a change. All the
powers and forces have united to
suppress and destroy agitation. In
the end the moral Idea has over
whelmed all opposition and gone tri
rj-nphantly to Its goal.
Consequently we have nothing to
tear. We have undertaken a caiiBe
that will free the world from all surviving slavery, abolish poverty, war
and the slums, bring light in the place
of darkness, and for the first time
give mankind a chance to live and be
decent. We make war against evil,
All the forces I have enumerated here
-are opposed to us as they were op
posed to the men that protested
against chattel slavery. The opposition tt ub ls as futile as was the opposition to them, for nothing can stop
the advance of such a cause.
And does anyone ask concerning the
--means by which we shall win?   Then
. I turn to the words that are the text
tor this little discourse and Its in
spira tlon.
•"Olve me fifty thousand men In
earnest, who can agree on all vital
questions, who will plant their shoulders together and swear by all that is
true and just, that for the long years
to come they will put their great Idea
before the country, and those fifty
thousand men will govern the nation."
So  said Wendell  Phillips, greatest
.ot Americans and one of the flrst
American champions of our cause.
And you will find these words of his
• In a lecture on "The Labor Question"
that he delivered iu 1872 before an
organization of shoemakers to whom
with eloquence and logic he presented
.the faith that is in us to-day.
It Is only the thing that ls wrong
-that needs the assistance of bargain
and compromise. Ttie thing that ls
right wins standing out squarely and
alone, and so standing is as certain
to win as the sun to shin.—Coming i
By Winnie E. Branstetter.
Several years ago I attended my
first Socialist convention In one of the
■Western territories. Everything had
been discussed and resoluted upon
from the evolution of man to the marriage of Alice Roosevelt.
Naturally I felt a little strange and
tilled with awesomeness, especially
.when I heard a particularly revolution-
: ary pharse bur-r-r from the tongue of
an aspiring speaker. You all know
how revolutionary phrases affect one,
bow the pleasing, shivery little tremulous sensations chase each other up
one's spine, flooding the brain with
-clamorous, unintelligent approbation.
I made several attempts to speak,
but each time my knees refused to
support my eighty-seven pounds and
proceeded to do a ragtime stunt under
the protecting folds of my skirts,
those blessed petticoats without whose
rippling clinglngness I should never
have been able to stand erect! A silence fell upon the convention as my
palpitating tongue aud trembling lips
framed the following memorable motion:
"Comrade Chairman, I move that the
remainder of this session be given to
a discussion of the attitude of the Socialist party toward woman suffrage."
My motion received an Immediate second.
Our dignified chairman, looking at
me with kindly, but condescending, understanding of my lack of political
knowledge, remarked: "Comrade, it
seems to me that your motion is uncalled for. Our platform and constitution have always stood for woman suffrage. Tliere are three of you here In
this convention. Certainly this Is sufficient and any discussion would be a
waste of time. However, seeing as
you are a lady, I will proceed to put
the question." So again my petticoats
saved the day, anil my motion carried
unanimously with great and prolonged
A cowboy preacher, recently converted to Socialism through the Christian Socialist, was the first speaker on
hiB feet to defend womanhood.
"Ladles and gents,'1 he said, "I have
always been for the ladles, even If 1
ain't married. My mother wbb a woman. God bless 'em all, and I have
done been saved by the grace of God
and Socialism." Turning toward the
woman delegates and visitors, he
heaped praises upon them, his grey-
haired mother, and women in general,
'for making him what he was. I looked
to see what lt was for which we were
so praised, and saw top boots, corduroy trousers, a soiled flannel shirt and
a flushed, unintelligent male person
paying tribute to persons of the opposite sex. Glancing through the window Into the yard next door, I saw a
foolish red rooster strutting about a
group of admiring, industrious hens.
The next speaker had been a prohibition lecturer. He wore a red tie,
carefully groomed hair and mustache.
He did not tell us he was for the
ladies, but his smirking smile as he
looked our way, proclaimed the fact.
He launched out into bitter denunciation of brute man, bestiallzed and degraded by alcohol, mentioned serpents
several times, wept over the widows
and orphans of drunkards, and closed
his remarks by repeating a very touching poem about a woman, a reformed
drunkard, and a pair of baby shoes in
an old trunk. His exit was attended
by vociferous weepingness.
As our prohibitionist left the platform, a tall, lank lawyer, ln conventional county-seat garb, took his place.
He was perfectly at ease, and spoke at
length and with great eloquence to his
spell-bound audience. He mouthed
phrases about the ignorant chivalry of
man to woman, said something about
a weaker vessel, and the duty of a
mighty oak to protect the clinging
vine. Drawing a spotless handkerchief from the inside pocket of his
frock coat with highly dramatic effect
he stated that his mother also was a
woman, and cited other touching Incidents in history which proved beyond
a doubt that the mothers of the great
men of all ages had been women.
Folding his arms across his breast, and
resting his body upon his right foot, he
struck the renowned pose of the conquering Napoleon—although in reality
he looked like a vaudeville impersonator of Lincom. He ended his speech
by saying he was willing to die, If need
be, to save Mayer, Haywood and Pettl-
bone from the gallows.
A village preacher followed the lawyer. He was delighted to address the
convention upon a subject—upon a subject—upon a subject which lay so near
his heart. He advised us women to go
right ahead as we had been doing, distributing "Appeals and giving ice
cream socials," working always within
woman's sphere. He assured us that
in 1912 we would have the fatherhood
of God and the brotherhood of man,
and then woman—blessed womanhood
and sacred motherhood—would come
into her own. He said that he would
give his life if the wife of his bosom
understood Socialism like Sister Jones,
and that she would have been right
there by his side if peaches had not
been ripe for canning. He closed his
remarks by offering up the last drop
of blood In his body to save helpless
women and little children from the demon rum.
A cranky old fellow, and an active
member of the Farmers' Co-operative
Association, was opposed to reforms or
remedies of any kind. He had read
"Patching the Old Garment" and was
for our sticking to the class struggle
and emancipating the working class
from wage-slavery. Anyhow, he had
read tbat Mrs. Belmont was for woman suffrage and he was opposed to the
Socialist Party having anything to do
with anything that Mrs. Belmont was
mixed up in. He "llowed as how'1 he
would quit the Farmers' Union or the
Woodmen of the World if that woman
should join them. By way of closing,
he said, "I jest want to go on record
as objectin' to our speakers sellln' sech
books as Bebel's 'Woman' and the
'Communist Manifesto,' which ain't
teachin' Socialism at all." He subsided Into his seat, expectorating an incredible amount of tobacco juice Into
a cuspidor, and continued to build the
co-operative commonwealth by whittling toothpicks and matches.
I had been sitting very quietly during the session toying with a bottle of
red Ink, and loathing myself for having brought tt all upon the defenceless
heads of my women comrades. Weighed down by the hopelessness of the
situation, and the dark, malignant
glances of those women who had been
my friends and comrades, I was trying
to decide between an exit by way of
the window or the .red Ink route, when
a mighty oak towered aloft In the rear
of the room. His twinkling eyes looked with understanding Into my fearful,
appealing face, as he said with quiet
dignity, "Comrade chairman, I insist
upon your confining tho remarks of the
next speaker to the question before the
convention, 'What shall be the attitude
of the Socialist Party toward woman
This all happened several years ago
ln a western territory. Times have
changed somewhat since then, but the
woman question is still shrouded In
the nauseous sentimentality of a past
age. Even our Socialist speakers and
representatives seem unable to strip
from this issue the foolish chivalry of
the Round Table. Many of our strongest men are content to mouth, with
masculine bigotry, a mass of meaningless phrases.
Our recent experience ln California
and Wisconsin forces us to recognize
the dual character of the woman question. It is not alone a sex Issue, but tt
Is also one of the most vital class Issues, and as' such the Socialist Party,
ln its championship of the working
class, can no longer evade lt.
Before the next convention, it Is to
be hoped that the feminist, and the
masculine egotist will both have disappeared from our midst, and that we
may discuss this important question ln
Its social, economic and political phases with understanding and sincerity.
Hundreds Housed In Old Church and
Their Hunger Satisfied with "Mulligan"—Are Genuine Working Men...
Up at the city hall to-day the civic
employment bureau is crowded with
would-be workers. Occasionally
somebody rings in for a man to do
something about his house, but for
every job there are a dozen men eager
to take it. The same thing ls true of
the employment agencies.
Last night a hundred men crowded
into a little old , fashioned church,
which once housed the Seventh Day
Adventists. It stands on the southwest corner of Gore and Keefer, aud
last night, it bulged with the crowds
who lay sprawled about the floor or
stood In the corners to snatch sleep
or keep warm.
Congealed misery was marked on
the faceB of those who turned up toward the lamp which a reporter used
to light his way over their prostrate
forms. They are hungry and cold and
some of them are angry at the defiant "iron hand" message that the
mayor sent them.
In a little room at the back of the
church, where once the minister donned hiB surplice, a great cookstove
stood on four bricks and sent Its
ames roaring up the chimney.
Around about lay half empty sacks of
potatoes and in between a half dozen
men sat or lay prone.
They were the helpers..
Yesterday they served three hundred men with food. Common, but
wholesome, was the food handed out
to a long line of hungry men. At noon
they served a mulligan, a delectable
compound of meat and vegetables and
much loved by hungry men. Bread
and cheese and weak tea eked out the
supply when it dwindled. And after
that there was nothing.
The men who served are poor. Not
one of them has as much as a dollar.
They went out yesterday and got what
they could for the others.
The Royal Bank of Canada collected
$75.80.' That for 300 men, but still
there are more and still more, and as
the cold damp days begin and end
their hunger grows greater and greater.
Energetic committees, hustling
around all day long found employment
for fifty of them. Six hundred and fifty are left. Where wlll they go? What
wlll they do?
This morning one great hairy chested fellow rolled over on the cold, hard
floor, stretched himself and got up.
He felt his pocket and Instantly his
brow clouded. To J. W. Hudson, who
is helping, he stated that he had been
"I had ten cents and it's gone, that's
all I know," said the men.
To-day a committee Is at work securing additional quarters. Last night
they turned away a hundred or more
who sought rest. They want the use
of an old building or a new one. They
want blankets If they can get them
and mattresses and something anything, to eat. But most of all they
want work and they will take it when
they can get lt.
They are honest men, the most of
them Britishers, or at least the sons
of Britishers, predominate. They ask
for work.—Vancouver World.
Mounted   Policemen  Charge the   Rioters—Many   Persons  Are
By John M. Work.
A metropolitan paper is authority
for the statement that we are enjoying a season of groat prosperity.
Is lt really true that the times are
Let's look at the matter very briefly
from several different angles.
If tho times are prosperous, no one
ate a charity Christmas dinner.
If the times are prosperous, there
is not a single beggar on the streets.
If the tlmeB are prosperous, there ls
not a worker out of a job.
It the times are prosperous, the
charity organizations have gone out of
If the times are propsperous, prostitution is unknown.
If the times are prosperous, child
labor has ceased.
If the tlmeB are prosperous, poverty
has become extinct.
If the times are prosperous, there
are no tramps.
If the times are prosperous, crime
has become a rarity.
If the times are prosperous, suicide,
insanity, drunkennesB and disease are
seldom heard of.
Now, answer the question yourself.
Sentences ranging from one to six
months were dealt out by Police Mar-
istrate South this morning to a number of men who had been arrested on
the charge of vagrancy. No less than
thirty vags toed the line, and the majority of them had the usual excuse to
offer of no work, but could give no
satisfactory account of themselves.
Though the Provincial Jail Is crowded
at present, Hla Worship said he would
continue to Impose heavy penalties In
this class of cases until the city was
cleared of undesirables. Several men
will be sent south of the line tonight.
—Vancouver World.
Paris, Jan. 11.—A series of violent
riots broke out in the vicinity of the
Palace of Justice yesterday and resulted ln a large number of rioters and
several policemen being injured.
The demonstration waB brought
about by the trial of several trade unionists in the correctional court of the
Seine on a charge of distributing circulars of a revolutionary character
to the soldiers serving with their regiments.
When it was announced that trade
unionists were to be tyrought before
the court yesterday the General Federation of Labor called a four-hour strike
in sympathy. Thousands of masons,
builders and laborers now unemployed
owing to the bad weather, gathered ln
the streets leading to the court of justice. The authorities fearing that they
might penetrate into the Palace of
Justice, ordered out a large body ot
\ police and a squadron of mounted municipal guards. The policemen and
troops endeavored to keep the demonstrators moving, but at several places
met with resistance, violent collisions
occurring on the Place Du'Chatelet at
the northern end of the Notre Dame
A mass of men atacked the police
with stocks and canes. The foot police were unable to drive them off and
three policemen were Injured ln the
mlx-up. Municipal guards were then
ordered to charge, which they did,
eventually clearing the streets. A
number of the rioters were wounded
and numerous arests were made.
These unemployed members of the
working class have no rights in capitalist society. By virtue of being
without employment they are openly
violating British law. If they receive some of the medicine we understand Vancouver's newly-elected
mayor has promised them—they are
to be arrested, driven out of town,
etc.—they may solace themselves
with the no doubt satisfactory reflection that they are merely getting a
dose of "BrltlBh justice," than which
no finer brand is manufactured by
any country on earth.
It has often been pointed out by
Socialist writers and speakers that a
plentiful supply of labor-power ln the
market was at all times a requisite to
the successful conduct of capitalist
production. With a Burplus always at
hand from which to draw any needed
supply lt were next to Impossible for
the workers to maintain wages at all
satisfactory to themselves. With thiB
surplus available, tbe employers of
labor are at all times possessed of an
advantage over the workmen, and are
thus enabled to hold the wage at the
lowest possible point, thereby Insuring the most rapid expansion of capital possible. But lt ls possible to have
too much of a good thing. It looks as
though the surplus labor-power ln the
market ls becoming too great for the
safety of the ruling class. So long as
the army of the unemployed was
small ln numbers lt could not constitute any serious menace to capitalist
rule. But when it runs up into the
thousands, and even hundreds of
thousands, in a single city, it becomes
a menace to capitalist security that
cannot be ignored by our precious
rulers, it is easily to be understood
how a few men may be awed <into
submission to actual starvation in the
midst of plenty, but it Ib utterly Inconceivable that such could be the
case when the number becomes great.
Sometime the army of unemployed
will become so large that it wlll tax
the repressive powers of our Great
Empires and Grand Republics to the
limit In order to prevent these outlawed ones from helping themselves
to that which they and their fellow-
slaves have produced.
It were well to observe that tho
Mayor of Vancouver, who, we learn,
has promesed to use Borne drastic
measures towards the local contingent
of the army of unemployed, was elected to offlce a few weeks since by
working class votes. Repressive
measures are the only medicine that
capitalist governments, either municipal, provincial or federal, can use In
treatment of the unemployed malady.
To remove the conditions of unemployment from modern society necessitates the transformation of the control of wealth production from the
capitalist claBS—as at present—to the
working class. In other words, it
means that the working class must
flrst gain control of the state and then
use Its powers to strike down the
present capitalist control of industry
and place that control ln the hands of
the people as a whole.
But this cannot be done so long as
the working class ls yet sufficiently ignorant to elect even a capitalist
mayor In Vancouver.
Removed to 5! 8 Hornby Street
from 824 Pender Vancouver
Trade Marks
Anyone lending a skol r*h and description o»»7
quickly i  - *-      -'  **' ■
jitrlctlf o	
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lfakly ascertain our twluim. free whotlicr eu
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137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
Jan. 7, 1912.
Find enclosed $2.00, for which send
The Clarion to the following. Glad
Gribble is giving us a series in A, B,
C's. It is sorely needed, and he sure
can give it.
Yours In Revolt,
i F. COBB.
We need money and we want to
make way for new pamphlets. Therefore we make the following offer:
Manifesto of S. P. of C  10c
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Socialism and Unionism   Be
Slave of the Farm   5c
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One hundred 10 cent pamphlets for
Book and
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of these booKi selling
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    25c
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God and My Neighbor,
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^ST in B.C." cl«"./V»-&;
The West, not yot having reached the stage of intensive capitalist development, ftfiora.. for the time being
opportunities for a few to escape out of wage servitude
by judicious investment, particularly in land values,
which increase as development advanc*. .
Judicious investments call for knowle Ige and experience, which not everyone is in a position to acquire.
The benefit of knowledge and experience already acquired along these lines can be had through
Know Why
Socialism is Coming
Don't be a socialist unless you know why you are one.   Know wl
Socialism is coming.   Trace the economic development of civilizatii
through from slavery to the present and know why socialism
Victor L. Berger says
"A few eoclaliat phrase* la not eufftclent to make a. •dentil
eoole.llet.   In order to know   WHY  SOCIALISM IS COMING.
socialist ahould have an idea of evolution, he muat know hlatoi
he muat know aomethlng of economic development.
We aa aooiavllata are vitally intereated in the development
civilization. Hlatory for ue le not m collection of aha. I low villa.
taJoa, the etory of ooronatione, weddings and burlala of kings. F
ua the true leaaon of hlatory ia the atory of progreaa of mankind I
grevduaJ atepe from brute.1 slavery to enlightenment, cultu
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The manner In which one eyatem haa grown out of anothi
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auggeative of the manner by whioh the Soelaliat Republic w
gradually develop out of the preaent ayatem.
To ahow how the Soelaliat Republic will gradually develop o
of the preaent eyatem, the Library of Original Sourcea haa bo
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The Library of Original Source
(In the original documents—translated)
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The vol-
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