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Western Clarion May 15, 1909

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Array TBII H
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, May 15, 1909.
subscription price
Fib Vsai
The Workmen's Compensation Act
of 1907 has been, and probably will
be, a favorite subject for the lectures
of "reforming Socialists," In order to
show the Influence of "Socialism'' in
the measures passed by capitalist
Not long since one of these gentry
was lecturing upon 'what Socialism is,
and what it is not." After showing
that it is not "spoliation, confiscation,
and the dissolution of all social and
domestic ties," he proceeded to show
what it is by pointing to the "bits"
obtained by the moral and intellectual
pressure brought to bear upon the
Liberals by the "organized, disciplined
and determined Labor Party," and so
on ad nauseum.
These "bits" of Socialism were the
Trades Dispute Act, the Old Age Pensions Act, the Compensation Act, etc.
The audience were implored to recognize tho beneficence of Socialism by
recognizing the beneficence of these
samples (!) of the whole. Needless
to Bay, this position can be absolutely
smashed from a Socialist point of
On the face of it we must recog-
that (1) the Liberal government had a
majority powerful enough to withstand the pressure that the Labor
Party might have brought to bear,
(2) that they would not, being a capitalist party, pass any Act likely to
benefit the working class, (3) that
even If any measure were put upon
the Statute Book, ostensibly as a reform, the certainty is that with a little scientific investigation into its nature and experience of its working, the
truth would be evident that either it
was a political "red herring," or something really beneficial to the class that
passed it.
It is with tho Workmen's Compensation Act of 1907, passed by the Liberals, for which the Labor Party claim
the credit (save the mark), and which
Is hailed as a mighty instance of what
Socialism is, that this article deals.
Previous to the passing of this Act
the law relating to compensation to be
paid when workmen were killed or Injured, was regulated under two or
three Employers' Liability Acts, all
equally obscure in their meaning and
limited in their scope.
It is an accepted met that If any
accident occurred and the case for
compensation was fought In the
courts, the only persons who reaped
any benefit were the lawyers. The
employers and Insurance companies
had to pay out costs and compensation
if the case was decided against them;
the workman or those acting on his.
behalf had to pay costs If they lost.
The intricate meanings of the law
were so obscure that only one thing
was certain—the lawyer was always In
at the end.
Still lt was possible, particularly
during the few years previous to the
passing of the last Act, for a workman injured, or the relations of one
killed during employment, to obtain
a sum approaching substantial compensation for loss sustained.
But a change came over the face
ot affairs; a change that was hailed as
a veritable Godsend to the halt, the
lame, and the blind, to the widow and
the fatherless child.
On the face of things these appear
to be substantial gains, but a closer
examination from other standpoints,
reveals the fact that even if the capitalists have given a sprat, 1t Is only
for the purpose of catching a mackerel.
Let us take in detail the case of
each party affected by this Act. There
are three—the workman, the employer, the insurance company.
Firstly the workman. Previous to
the Act of 1907 the law regulating
compensation was a "mystery deep
and dark." So intricate, so contradictory, were its clauses, that it generally involved both parties in a fierce
contest at law, and the result, was, of
course, dependent tlpon the sharp practice of the opposing counsels. The
party that could' afford the sharpest
generally won. Yet the workmen often obtained substantial damages—
damages sufficient to cover the loss
sustained. At present, the law being
simplified, the necessity for fight'ng is
practically abolished. The workman
who is Injured can obtain compensation in the form of half-wages, and if
the Injury extends beyond six months
the employer can pay out a lump sum
of an amount that will bring in 75
per cent, of the half wages, and so
clear his liability.
This Is the maximum: the day of
real compensation Is gone. There, is
no need to fight now. Out of the generosity of his heart the capitalist gives
| half wages—half of what, in the majority of cases, is merely a bare sub-
In the event of a clear case or wilful
negligence on the employer's part, the
workman may still sue under the old
law, and supposing he gains the day,
even, the half wages is the maximum
compensation he will obtain.
The net gain to the worker is the
almost certain campensation (so far
as it goes) with no trouble to obtain
it by fighting in the courts. On tbe
other hand, the amount is never in any
case above half wages.
Secondly, the employer. In the old
days the employer was not under the
same necessity to insure, owing to (he
many avenues open to escape from
compensation. Today it is necessary
for him to insure In almost every case.
The cost of this Is comparatively
small, and having "hedged" the risk,
the employer becomes absolutely carefree as regards acldents to his employees. He knows that in the event
of such the Insurance company will
pay out the compensation, and it matters little to him whether tbe amount
be large or small. The result Is he is
more able to "speed up" production,
regardless of life or limb, for bis
financial responsibility ceases when
his insurance is paid.
From the employer's point of view,
then, although he is under the necessity of Insuring more, he is able to
reap a greater return, by the abolition
of the responsibility of working his
employees under conditions dangerous
to life and limb.
Thirdly, the insurance companies
Under the old law the number of policies was infinitely smaller than at
present, owing to the wider scope of
the last Act. This is one substantial
gain. Then the struggles in the courts
involved    a tremendous    outlay    of
himself of all liability by the payment
of a small sum, for the accidents resulting from the progressive "speeding
up" made more and more necessary by
the increasing competition of the industrial world to-day.
The workman gains the certainty of
compensation, although In much reduced amount. But he also "gains"
the considerably greater likelihood of
Injury or death, as the result of the
Increase of 'hustling" methods. The
Act has seriously diminished his op-^
portunitles of earning his daily bread
in the day when his energies flag, his
sight falls, his hair whitens. It Is a
fact that on every hand this Act has
been answerable for the discharge of
men who are rendered "unfit" by the
new conditions imposed. In the mine
and factory, on the railway, the building, and even on tbe sea, the difficulty
of obtaining employment by those who
are in any way handicapped physically, Is getting greater day by day. The
Insurance companies can, and probably do, bring pressure to bear upon
employers of labor so that they are
forced to refuse work to those who are
most likely to meet with accidents.
To sum up the whole matter, this
Act was passed by tbe Liberal government to serve the Insurance companies, the employers of labor, and, beyond all, to delude the workers,
through their so-called leaders, Into
the belief that they had given them
a great and glorious dispensation that
would help them ln life's bitter struggle.
Yet this thing, this delusion, this
snare, is pointed out by the reform-
mongeiing crew as one of the 'bits" of
Socialism One might almost paraphrase Madame Roland and say, "O
Socialism, what frauds are perpetrated In thy name!"
The members of the Socialist Party
of Great Britain, schooled as they are
ln the principles of class-conscious,
revolutionary Socialism, will always,
fortunately, be able to open out and
lay bare to the eyes of the workers
these fraudulent reforms—born of the
craft of the Liberal capitalists and the
ignorance and knavery of their henchmen, the labor leaders. There Is one
thing certain—the workers will inevitably be forced, by bitter experience If
by no other means to recognize that
their only hope lies in a revolutionary
Socialist Party such as the S P. G. B.
In The Socialist Standard.
Editor Clarion:
The minions of our masters having
decided after due deliberation, that
only those who preach the gospel of
contentment shall have the right to
utilize the street corners of Vancouver
for the purpose of giving expression
to their views, and that only the C. P.
R. and the G. N. R. may block "our"
public thoroughfares, lt Is about time
for thinking men and women to put
their thinking-caps on to see if we cannot devise some ways and means of
putting our own representatives into
the seats where such matters are settled, i
In the meantime I would suggest
that lt would not be a bad scheme to
call a mass meeting of all those Interested in the subject of free speech,
in the City Hall, for some date In the
immediate future. The opportunity is
in, ln my opinion, an excellent one
for propaganda purposes. The
"Crown" has returned its verdict. Let
us give the people of Canada an opportunity to render theirs.
The Labor Party had so Impressed' money by the companies.   Today the
the Liberals with their strength that
they had passed this Act to satisfy
their fierce hunger for reforms, and
to stave off that evil time when the
wolves of Labor, held ln leash by Henderson, MacDonald & Co., would devour the capitalists.
This Act, we were told, was all-embracing, and simplicity itself ln its
workings, and made it an absolute certainty that the workman would receive
compensation for injuries received.
This we admit Is true. There is no
denying the fact that the law practically covers, with but few exceptions, all trades, and tbe same may
be said of injuries and diseases.
There is also' no necessity for a long
light In the courts, with all its attendant worry and trouble.
necessity of fighting claims is practically abolished, and the resulting
economy is another substantial gain.
Further, although the number of
claims paid is, and will be, greater,
yet the amount of compensation fixed
by law is so small that companies
will save a large amount of money
in this direction also. From the point
of view of the insurance companies
this Act has come as a boon and a.
blessing—they stand to win, anyway.
To take the three positions, then, we
find the insurance companies gain all
along the line. In fact, one might say
the Act was passed Iby tbe companies
for the companies. The slight loss to
the employer ln one direction Is much
Three times within the last ten
years the republic of Mexico has simmered on the edge of a revolution,
and now the fires have again started
which threaten to blaze up In revolutionary uprisings from Soulhern Yucatan to Northern Chihuahua, It began
In December, 1908, with the revolt of
the Fifth Cavalry. The men had been
forced Into the service, treated like
dogs after their enlistment, and in
desperation, at last shot a number of
their officers. Then followed the desertion of a body of men from the Six-
teenth Infantry lo Mazatlan, groups
of the revolting soldiery taking their
arms and firing upon the officers and
troops which pursued them. In ihe
city of Chihuahua four officers of the
Eighteenth Batalllon were recently
tried and convicted of rebellion. The
Eighth Infantry, moving from Oaxaca
to Yucatan, lost onelhlrd of Us mm
by desertion at Ihe port of Vera Cruz,
the remainder having lo be shipped
by force. The colonel of this same
regiment was shot by his men on their
arrival In Yucatan and the deserters,
taking their arms, fraternized with
Ihe Mayas, three batallions in all disappearing into the jungle.
Peasant revolts have followed those
of the soldiery. In the State of Chihuahua the tax collectors pressed so
hard upon the people that arms were
finally the reply of the harassed citizens who shot several of the officers
and even defied (the troops which
were sent to catch them. A group of
three hundred Chihuahua farmers and
citizens are now entrenched in the
mountains and their number is being
increased by many of the cowboys
of Terrazas. In this part of the country are a body of men known as the
"sharpshooters of Chihuahua" who two
years ago whipped an entire regiment
of infantry sent to capture them.
Seeking some relief from unbearable taxation, the people of the state
of Morelos recently attempted to elect
the popular young Patricio Levya to
the office of governor, but on the day
of election troops shot down the
voters who were supporting Levya,
and, after imprisoning the people's
candidate, declared the election of
Pablo Escandon, the chosen candidate
and aide-de-camp of President Diaz.
The last and most ominous massacre has just occurred in    a   little
more than    counterbalanced,   by his town  called  Velardeua,  close to the
gains in another.   He is able to rid'Sierra Madre mountains and not far
from Torreon, which, by the by, was
the center of the uprising of last June.
At Velardena the people were holding
a fiesta and marching in a procession
when the local police attempted to
disperse the orderly demonstration.
The people resisted; troops were-sent
for; shooting commenced; and the result was the imprisonment of forty
citizens, and the killing, without trial,
of twenty-live others. The whole town
fled to the mountains where two hundred and fifty desperate men are now
in arms defying the government of
It may be safely predicted that Mexico Is seeing the first days of a revolution that will never end until the
dictatorship of Mexico Is abolished,
What was done in Cuba will he repeated in Mexico—the mountains and
jungles will hide ever-growing groups
of rebels, who will finally emerge to
march upon  the  capital.
ln Ihe United States, fleeing Mexican patriots, who have sought ihe
protection of our right of asylum, are
finding that the Diaz' government can
jail them here almost as easily as It
can be done in Mexico. Certain powerful American capitalists, to whom
Diaz has granted immense Mexican
concessions, are prodding Ihe Washington officials to co-operate with Diaz
on the American side of the line, with
the result lhat political refugees like
Magon, Vlllarreal, Rivera and Araujo
are in jail upon flimsy charges of
breaking the neutrality laws. The defense of these men has been undertaken by the Political Refugee Defense League and the support ot the
league at this crisis depends entirely
uron voluntary contributions. The
case of Araujo, the young Mexican
editor, is about to come up for appeal
and money must be obtained for his
defense. Other Mexican prisoners are
in jail in this country In daily fear of
extradition. Give what you can, glvo
it quickly, this Is the practical way of
preserving liberty upon the American
Send in your name and address and
you will receive colncards with which
you may take up collections among
your friends for the cause of liberty.
Secy. Political Refugee Defence
180 Washington St., Chicago, 111.
The C. P. R. river flows through
Canada, drains it very nicely and
empties Into Europe. The gold goes
down stream and the suckers up.
This ever-increasing stream of gold Is
really the sweat and blood of the
workers and farmers who Inhabit the
country drained by this mighty river.
It is very unfortunate that these people do not own this stream, because
it would be a great blessing to them
if they did. And worse still, there are
thousands of smaller rivers rising
from the same source and composed
of the same stuff. You would think
the farmers and the wage-earners
could sense this, but most of them
cannot till it Is explained to them.
There is but one remedy for this state
of .things. It Is Socialism. That is
the cure and no man knows a better.
• »■ •
Say, but don't you really think that
we should be content to toil for the
capitalist class? You know what real
angels they are and how kind they
are to us. It is they who feed us, not
the farmer. It is they who c'othe
us, not the people who make the
clothes. It Is they who build our
houses. We could not do these things.
The capitalist class, of course, to do
this are kept so busy that they have
no time to invite us to their homes to
entertain us; therefore, by gosh, they
• • •
One thing the capitalist class Is forever throwing at the workers and
farmers Is the very thing we should
do and do thoroughly. They tell us
to practice economy. Alright, let us
practice economy. Don't stop to wash
your face. Just dig ln, Dirty Face,
and practice economy, but, for the
love of the dear little Dirty Faces, use
some intelligence. Let us see what
cur greatest expense is. Unfortunately we must conclude that the dear,
good capitalist class itself is not only
the most expensive but the most useless drain we know of.
• *   *
I will show In a few sentences why j
they are so cosily for us to keep. In
the first place they take the pick of
the produce of the farmer, and the
brain and brawn of the worker is
theirs when they have use for his
services. Then the capitalist class
needs policemen and jails and asylums
lu their way of taking care of us. Also
great navies are needed with Ihelr
squadrons of "flrst-clnss cruisers and
crews of first-class boozers." Armies
are necessary with handsome uniforms, amis, ammunition, bauds,
mules, muleteers, indifferent grub for
the private soldiers, good food for officers and horses. Of course, Ihe fnrm-
er does not feed them or the worker
provide for them. Then the capitalist
class requires thousands of spies, spotters, agents, lawyers, grafters, unemployed, dozens of stores ln place of
one, clerks and other help in proportion and can't stop the adulteration of
food, etc., etc. Dig In, Dirty Face, dig
in. Practice economy and then you
can wash your face. Put the whole of
the nations at work In work of a useful nature, and that's economy. Then
as a shareholder you will have your
• • •
"But," you ask, "will every one receive an equal share? People will not
be satisfied to have the same amount."
Well! Well! That Is quite true, but
you see when everyone Is engaged in
the work of the world there will be a
variety and an abundance for all who
assist. What you can consume is
yours when Socialism is in bloom.
But Just the same, there may be a few
hogs left over from capitalism, so 1
will no doubt be commissioned along
with Mackenzie King to take iare of
them. I shall be in my glory. I will
have a good husky staff to help me
and start work at six In the morning
by having rolled oats and other cereals rammed down the unsatisfied
ones' throats till 7 a.m. Then you
shall have twenty meals a day, we*
twenty swell overcoats add fifteen
pairs of socks.   I will pull out your
teeth and put ln diamonds and do all
ln my power to see you get enough.
When you die, we will bury you in a>
gold coffin or burn you to save trouble
down below. I am very anxious to ad*,
minister to your needs if they He la
this direction. But you do not want
this. You want life, with all it*
beauty instead of a mere brute existence. This is the right of every man,
and Socialism alone can give it So
dig In, Dirty Face, dig ln.
The May Day demonstration fullr
came up to the expectations of the
most enthusiastic. The parade consisted of approximately 2,000 persons,
of whom no inconsiderable number
were ladies, principally of the Jewish
branch, whose courage in this connection is a lasting reproach to thstr
Anglo-Saxon sisters.
Great credit Is due Comrade Cum-
mlng for the mottoes carried, which
represented a very considerable expenditure ot his labor power. The flags
of the German, Ruthenlan, Polish and
banner of the Jewish Locals are also
worthy of mention.
Tbe meeting ln Selkirk Hall waa a
great success, much enthusiasm being
displayed. Comrade Rlgg filled the
chair in a characteristically able manner, handing out some straight stuff
about the Y. W. C. A. tag business.
The English speakers were Comradea
Cumming, Cameron, Pickup and Hat-
thews. Comrades Cumming and
Pickup were on deck as usual with
the right kind of stuff. Comrade Cameron handled "Tag Day" to advantage,
leaving no room for doubt as to hla
opinions on that score. Comradea
Saltzman, Sollga, Richter and Raach-
lin spoke in their respective languages
and were well received. Comrade Sol-
iga especially rousing great enthusiasm among the Ruthenian comrades.
Comrade McKeith rendered the "International" very creditably, although
handicapped by the lack of accompaniment. Prof. Mobitis and Mr. Dixon, of
the Manitoba Single Tax association,
were also present and spoke on behalf
of the right of free speech in Winnipeg.
If the writer were a poet and knew
no barrier between his emotions and
his pen. it might be possible to fittingly describe the recitation contributed by little six-year-old Edith Asof-
ski. Full and clear, the childish voice
rang to all parts of the large hall, and
many an eye was dimmed to see that
tiny figure, standing with clenched
hands, calling, in (ones vibrant with
revolutionary spirit, upon ull working-
men to rise lend do their duty.
"Slaves, will ye never rise," in the
mouth of this bube, Comrade Desmond's lines became an Inspired denunciation of the craven spirit of those
slaves who will not strike for liberty,
but choose to place a girl of tender
years In the forefront of their battle,
while they wallow ln the slime of
fawning servility.
The distinguishing feature of this
year's demonstration is that it was
practically all Socialist, the enthusiasm manifested being of no transient
nature, but the expression of an invincible determination on the part ot
earnest men and women to conquer
in a great cause.-—Spes, in "The
Winnipeg, May 11.—It is rumored
here that an organized movement has
been ordered by the Czar of Russia
to extradite all Russian political
prisoners now in Western Canada.—
Press Dispatch.
In this connection it may be stated
that. Jan Bucholz has already been ar»
rested at Dighton, Manitoba. The Socialist Party is investigating- 'he can*
and if lt proves to be one of nur Rn}*
slan comrades, it will be up to ua M
Hie Western Clarion
VnbUslMd •v»rj> BAtnrdtr bj th*
Socialist Party of Canada, at tha Offlos
Sf the WesjUrn Clarion, Hack Blook
•ununt, 165 Bastings Btrest, Vanooa-
mr, ■ o.
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SATURDAY, MAY 15TH,  1909.
it really is absurd that people can-
sot argue a point without losing their
tempers and wanting to throw mud
and things. That proves nothing except their extreme poverty in logic,
a point which, as a rule, does not even
sail for so much proof. Let us try
to look at this matter in a cold-blooded
ani unsentimental way.
Christian Socialists, as    they    call
ttemselves, appear to be    somewhat
wiotli because we do not accept them
at their own valuation.   We admit that
they have very good grounds for Delias wroth, but that doesn't prove to
•ar satisfaction that we    ought    to
change our views on the subject.   Contrariwise, we have very good reasons
tar looking askance  on    them.    We
cannot  estimate  them  by  their professions,   bnt  by their  performance;
and even they must admit that what
record  they have made is distinctly
lo the bad.   We have found them unreliable.   Merely to illustrate, and not
wuh  any  view of proving anything,
Jie   til   instance a case In point.   Here
M. Vuiicouicr we have the Rev. D. A.
HcRae, quite noted for his willingness
to' deliver  lectures  on  Socialism  at
the    slightest    provocation.    But he
flnds his "Socialistic" convictions by
■o means  prevent him attending    a
liberal convention and accepting the
Bonorable task of placing the candidate's name before this meeting.   The
tact that he, a "minister of the Gospel," nominated a candidate of so morally and  politically unsavory  a  repu-
talf"« as W. W. B. Mclnnes, Is none
»f   lur  funeral.    That  he  can   settle
with his congregation, his conscience,
Sis Maker or whatever party he is responsible to.   But that he, a professed
Socialist,   should   nominate   an   anti-
Socialist for office, does matter to us
to the extent that it. warns us to beware of him and his kind.    Does it
A number of similar instances could
to adduced, but wo have surely made
car meaning clear, and that, as we
stated, was our reason for adducing It.
Ife are well aware that an endless
succession of such instances would
nrove nothing to the advocates of
"Christian Socialism." Furthermore,
it would not prove that all "Christian
Socialists" are of the McRae brand,
not we contend that lt does prove
tho necessity of not placing any great
reliance upon any of them until they
lave made good, and so far none of
flieru have, to our knowledge, which,
wo admit, is not so extensive as It
might be.
We have been accused of going out
of our way to attack Christianity,
This statement, In our opinion, calls
tor verification. Our own Impression
of the affair is that we found Christianity right In the way and, more,
that It jumped out and attacked us
with a vigor, not to say virulence, truly
astonishing in a cult committed to a
policy of turning the other cheek to
flic smlter. Not being committed to
any such policy, we fail to see the
necessity of lying down and waiting
till It gets through kicking us. Be
it clearly understood that we have
eo fault to lind with it for attacking
«3, for the Socialist movement threatens the vented interests of its outward
and visible manifestation, the Church.
We merelj reserve tho right to give
Wow for blow and a little to boot.
Of course, it will at once be objected that the Church is not Christianity, but this is a quibble, nnd on
a level with that ot our own quibblcrs,
that we da not attack Christianity,
lot the Church. We can only ask, it
the Church Is not Christianity em-
lodied, so to speak, why do professing
Christians support lt?
It might be argued that we should
let' ".lie Church alone because, in certain sections of it, there has been a
ohav.ge in its attitude towards our
movement; but numbers of capital-
•f-CI.ARION. May 10th. ,.4..JJ
fctn, probably proportionately greater,
are, or proclaim themselves, Soclal-
' itts, yet that Is no reason for lolling
Capitalism alone.
Also it might be objected that It Is
fjttogleal to attack the Church because
it is due to perfectly natural causes.
Well, so is capitalism.
Some people Insist that tbe doctrine
taught by Christ is really Socialism.
If this is true, then we flatly deny ever
having attacked Christianity, in fact
are prepared to maintain that Christianity is what we are advocating, and
all our alleged slurs have been directed  against  anti-Christians.
But we do not think it is true.
Little of our respect as "the cloth" Is
entitled to, we are loth to believe that
ln so many centuries not one has appeared among them intelligent enough
to have grasped this truth, and upright enough to have proclaimed it,
had it been a truth. The statement
that Christ was a Socialist, If true,
so far from being a plea for the
Church, is the blackest indictment
that could be brought against lt.
However, it does not seem reasonable
that it Is true as, even for a faint
conception of the social ownership of
the means of production to be possible, means of production ln a form
capable of being socially owned and
operated would be necessary.
It Is urged that a more conciliatory
policy towards Christianity would
bring results, as it would not fall foul
of the prejudices of believers. We
admit that it would bring results, but
may we be permitted to enquire
whether they would not be disastrous
results? Are people who have to be
conciliated into identifying themselves
with the movement, likely to be an
acquisition or a peril to it? Would
such a policy produce Hawthorn-
thwaltes, Williamses, Mclnnlses, Davidsons, O'Briens, Grlbbles, Harringtons, to say nothing of the little
army, none the less worthy, though
less In the lime-light? Has it done
so anywhere, and, If so, where?
Not that all these men are atheists
or agnostics, but we feel certain any
one of them can testify that they
were not gathered In by any process
of conciliation, or even of consideration. It is true that such a policy
might attract the self-styled "respectable" element, but what have they
ever done that we should make any
bid for their support? In our opinion
the only elements in society at all
worthy of respect are the very ones
whom our respectable Christian
friend, Kingston, terms "dirty-faced
miners and navvies." They at least
have done something useful.
It does not seem to have occurred
o anyone, and, now that our "Chris-
lion Socialist" friends are making so
much fuss over themselves, it might
be pertinent to enquire:    Are  (here
any   Christian   Socialists?     We   have
true and tried comrades who  profess
Christianity, some are even  staunch
Catholics, which, to an outsider, seems
the  least  impracticable    method    of
professing Christianity.    But we  feel
confident that  every  one    of    these
would  repudiate Ihe term  "Christian-
Socialist," and, curiously enough, not
one of them has felt Impelled to denounce the Clarion for "slurring" his
religion.   So we are fain to repeat, In
all seriousness, are there any Christian-Socialists?   In the first place, are
there   any   Christians   extant?     We
have never met one.   We have never
even heard of one    In    all    history.
However, we are open to conviction.
Produce your Christian.   But it is not
to their Chrlstianlsm we take exception, but to their Socialism.    Having
verified the claimants Christianity by
the New Testament, it would yet be
necessary to verify his Socialism by
consulting some reliable work on that
subject.   If he stands both these tests,
we will take it all back, but till then
we are from Missouri.
In case of any misunderstanding, let
us state that it Is no part of the policy of the Socialist Party of Canada
lo go out of lis way to attack religion,
and we deny that It Is the practice of
the parly's organizers or of its organ.
That would bo assailing an effect, a j
proceeding which Is the characteristic
of the Anarchist and Reformist movements. But (hat by no means corn-
mils Ibis party to the converse policy
of refraining from attacking Christianity whenever necessary on the
same grounds and In the same manner as it would attack any other institution which It caught in tbe act
of upholding capitalism and misleading the worker.
The undue length of this screed may
call for an apology. We have none to
offer. The party owns this paper and
it is essential that the party should
know beyond any popsibliity of misunderstanding just what views its editor holds. If the views herein set
forth are at variance with those of the
majority of the membership, it Is time
Ihe Clarion had a new editor. These
are the lines we intend to hew to. To
these the Clarion lias hewed in the
post and made good.
Of course our "Christian-Socialist"
friends will hardly ho pleased. But
that will be nothing new. In the past
lho Clarion and the party's organizers
and representatives have been repeatedly assailed for their "Imposslbllsm,"
their "dogmatism," their "lack of
I act," "crude language," "hostility to
the Church and to tho unions," their
"eternal grind of economics," their refusal to attempt to catch votes by
peddling the merits of Ihe latest fancy
In palliatives and on various other
grounds.    However, In spite of those
of Canada has made a headway of
which it has no reason to be ashamed.
So much so, that, if there is, anywhere on earth, a Socialist Party that
can match records with ours ln proportion to the length of time it has
been organized, we want to know
where it is.
Certainly, if "the proof of the pudding Is in the eating," the S. P. of C.
has no reason to quarrel with its
cooks—and dishwashers.
8ATUROAY, MAY 15TH, 1909.
According to the Wolseley News,
one of Armour's hog-buyers is reported to have delivered himself of the
following: "On general principles, I
am opposed to woman suffrage, but
woman who can raise as good
droves of hogs as Mrs. Crowell,
Byron, III., is as much entitled to a
vote as I am." Possibly this Is why
some people desire giving the suffrage to only women of the capitalist
class, who, when they raise anything
but dogs, also raise pretty good hogs.
Like all good capitalist concerns,
the Salvation Army is expanding and
soon promises to rival John D., the
well-known Sunday school teacher, for
multiplicity of Interests. As Its latest
venture it has, In addition to its hell-
fire insurance department, gone into
the business of insuring its emigrants
against unemployment, provided, of
course, that they do not refuse the
jobs the army and the Lord provide.
Dear Comrade,—
I think it's about time you heard
from Brandon again. We are not dead
yet, though the hall question Is vexing.
We have not made a new member
since we were fired out of the old
Trades hall, and we have had some of
our members leave for other points,
so you will see we are going back.
We haven't the price to rent another
hall, so we have to make out without
a meeting place. Consequently sympathizers lose track of us. However,
we shall soon be starting our new
temple ami then we will make things
hum. At present we will have to
make use of the street.
Comrade Crlstall loaned us the use
of his store twice and we had two
good propaganda meetings, though we
had opposition. Our opponent enlight-1
ened the audleace with fhe assertion
that "labor did not produce all wealth,
as some men buy and sell building
lots and make money that way."
.Needless to say, the comrades appreciated the joke.
This week wc had three comrades
from Winnipeg with us and we had
two good street corner meetings. The
crowd was  Immensely interested and
Port Arthur, April 12.—Barrister, A.
E. Cole, accompanied by G. McNabb
and G. Heath, two woodsmen, called
on Magistrate Doble, with a view of
laying information on a charge of manslaughter against the foreman of the
Northern Construction Company's
camp, No. 3 at Kashabowie. They al-
ledged that the foreman was responsible for the death ot George S. Seville, laborer, by ordering him from the
camp while he was sick and ln a destitute condition, without medical attention. Seville was unable to walk and
was thrown on to a wagon and died en
route to the railway. Tbe magistrate
was not able to accept the information
because lt was out of his jurisdiction,
and there had been no coroner's inquest.
Barrister Cole has had considerable
experience with men from lumber
camps and railway camps, and he told
a reporter that the way men are robbed, abused and neglected Is worse
than the conditions of slavery, for under a condition of slavery the value
of a slave at $1,000 made an employer, careful, but a dead laborer can
easily be replaced by application to an
employment agency; while there Is
generally a good chance that the
friends of victims do not know of the
death and therefore never inquired
about any wages that may be due
Mr. Cole claims that there is collusion
between all contractors, from the
smallest sub-contractor up to the highest, so that it is impossible to get
legal machinery to work to give justice to the men, appeals to Ottawa being of as little avail as other efforts.—
Saskatoon Capital.
Socialist Directory
g0f Every Local of the Socialist Party o<
Canada should run a card under this head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Exeoutlve Committee,  Socialist Party
of   Canada.      Meets   every   alternate
go? t,.; Va'nc^rc8' SeCret"ry'
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Are. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding* the movement in the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box 270, Calgary, Alta. 	
majtitoba psovnroiAL executive Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. w. James, 336 Hargrave St
Winnipeg,   Man.	
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Grlbble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto:
F. C. Young, Secretary, 13914 Bleecker
street, Toronto.
V. of O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m., the fourth Thursday of each month in lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Dayman,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organiser.
IOCAX, MXXSOV, ■. v. or o.
every   Friday   evening  at   8
p.m.,  la
      .,   •,„.<,„„,   a.   u.     Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
Miners'" Hall,   Nelson)   B.   C.
LOCAL nonm, ho. a, s. *». or c,
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p.m.. la
Miners' Hall. James Carson, Organizer; John Appleby, Secy.
-COOAX, CAX.OAXY, AI.TA., MO. «%■.».
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room, McTavlsh Block,
II817 Second St. E. 1 pposite Imperial Ho.el.
M. Hyatt, Secy.; K Hyatt, Organ-
zer,   Box   270,   Calgary    Alta.
On Tuesday night, April 27th, the
farmers In ths East Hill School district, twelve miles southeast of North
Battleford. Sask., listened to Comrade
O'Brien, who denned Socialism to his
audience at the above-mentioned
school house. Every seat in the commodious school room was occupied
with some three in a seat, and others
standing. There was a better attendance than has ever been gollen together at that school, than two Liberal and
Conservative meetings just before
election could or did get together,
which shows that farmers are wanting
to know more about Socialism. Let
the meeting he well advertised and
the crowd will come.
Well, Comrade O'Brien delivered the
goods straight from the shoulder as it
were, and his remarks were closely
followed, and judging from the re
peated  applause,  greatly  appreciated.
At the close of the lecture Comrade
local vAMCotnrn, *o. 1, s. p. op
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Kdgetts Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
Headquarters and Beading Room.
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
W, O. McCluskey, Secretary, Box 770,
LOCAL MAMAXMO, MO.  3,  S. P.  Of  O.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockl
*- '   " ~       Secy.,  Box  826.
X.OOAX, BMumruM, ALTA., xo. is, a.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy.
X.OOAX,     COX.BKAM,     ALTA.,     MO.     S.
Meets   every   Sunday   night    in    the
Miners'   Hall   and  Opera  House at  8
p.m.     Everybody   jyelcome.     Socialist
speakers  are  invited  to
Smith, Secy,
call.    H.  J.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m., ln Trades and Labor Hall,
Fourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
P. of C, meets every Sunday alter
Union meeting in Union Hall, Hillerest
Mines, Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
Jack  Place,   Rec."
X.OCAX,   TBUStE.   S.   P.   Of   O,   MOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Busl-
n»"   meeting   first    Sunday   in   each
...  same  place at  2:30  p  m.    J.
Lancaster, Sec, Box 164.
C, meets every Sunday fn Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. y. McKay, Secreturp Pro
C,  meets every  Friday night at 7:30
In Tlmmtns' Hall, our. of Seventh und
Business and propagan-
_      Geo. w. Peterson, Secretary. Vernon, B. C.
Tronson Sts.
d;i  combined.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
Parker Williams, Secy., Coburn Sidinif.
13    n
B.  C.
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:;10 p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., P. O.
Mux 674. Rossland Finnish Brunch
meets ln Philanders' Hull. Sundays at
7:.'!0 p. m. A. Subblo, Secy., P. O. Box
765 Uossland. II. C.
we had a job to persuade them to go:C. C, Davles. the chairman of the even-
home when midnight came. The po-jing, remarked tnat until that night he
lice did not bother us, but very nearly j had been under the Impression that
ran iu some opposition we had. he understood (socialism (from "Brit-
Dut the point I started to write to'ain for the Britisii" and similar litem-
you about is that we want Comrade ture), but he now altered his opinion
LOCAL   POST   MOODY,  B.   C,  HO.   41,
s. P. of c—Business meetings first
Sunday In each month. .1. V. Hull.
Secretary, Fort Moody, B. 0.
quarters Jubilee Hall, cor. King and
Alexander. Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummings, Organizer.
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 748 Victor
llsh Branch. Propaganda meetings
held every Sunday 8 p. m.. Labor
Temple Auditorium. Business meetings first and third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St. and
619 Crawford St. Woman s Study
Club every Monday night at 642 Gladstone Ave. Choir practices every second Thursday; enquiries to C. Bishop,
379 Church St. Speakers supplied en
shortest notice to Ontario Locals. Corresponding Secretary, R. Stroud, 619
Crawford St.
LOCAL  OTTAWA  MO.  8,  B.  P.  OP O.,
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 7S Rldean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:16 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
at 379 Wellington St. Charles Lestor,
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Bron-
son Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   MO.   9,   B.   P.   OP   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTKEAL,   QUE.,   HO.   1,   S.
P. of C.—Meets In Labor Hall, St.
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p, m.
Heaequnrters No. 1 St. Charles norromee St.
otto Jahii Secretf ay, s-jK Cbausse
Hawthornthwaite, M.P.P., to visit us.
Now. don't you think this could he
arranged? The members elected to
the Provincial Parliaments should be
our organizers. They carry more
weight than anyone, and besides they
are drawing a salary from the government, so are not so dependent on our
masters as the ordinary wage slave is.
Now, how much would it take over
ind above the collections to have Com-
and had to take a back seat, as far as
his knowledge of Socialism is cen-
cerneu. (Comrades of Canada, please
take notice of these remarks. C!e:
down to business, study scientific Socialism).
Wc are fortunate ln this district, insofar that we have comrades here
from Great Britain, ilolland and the
United States, and ut the close of
tho meeting the writer asked one of
rade Hawthornthwaite lecture all the i the    comrades     (converted    through
way to Winnipeg. I figure it at about
$200. If that Is all, I think it could be
easily raised. Surely there are 200
comrades between Winnipeg and the
coast that would give $1.00. I am
ready with mine (and more if necessary), as soon as you say you are
are willing to consider the scheme.
There are lots ot men that are conscious of something wrong with the
system, but do not know what's
wrong. If they could only see and
hear a Socialist M. P. P. they would
be easily convinced. There is no one
In Canada that can do the job better
than J. H. H., with his years of experience, and I hope that the Dominion Executive will consider this, and if
it is feasible, let us hear him. It's not
fair that you should keep all the best
men In British Columbia. The people
of Manitoba are just as Intelligent as
the people of the other provinces, and
the reason why we are backward in
the movement is the dearth of speak
Brandon, Man.
suicidal tactics," the Socialist Party zlne.
The majority of tho working people
mesmerized by capitalist literature,
look upon Socialism through the same
glasses as (he exploiter, whose tentacles are fastened upon labor. A vast
number of the workers smile in derision at the doctrines of Socialism,
simply because their mental grasp of
the Industrial problem has been contracted by the false philosophy of
press and pulpit. The workingman
should realize that as the great mass
of the working people become more
Impoverished, capitalism is being hastened to lis eternal death. An industrial system that impoverishes the
class whose labor produces the wealth
of the world, cannot live. The countless millions of unemployed upon the
face of the earth, are digging the
grave   ot  capitalism.—Miners'   Mngn-
"Merry England") what lie though! of
Ihe lecture, and the reply was tha* he
had heard some good speakers in the
old country, but none to touch Comrade O'Brien. It is safe to say that
most farmers around here will want
to hear Comrade O'Brien again, and
other Socialist lecturers as well. If
there Is only one comrade in any one
district who feels lonesome, as such,
Invite Comrade O'Brien to speak nnd
got up a meeting. The result will bo
On the previous evening Comrade
O'Brien addressed a large audience in
Empire Hall, North Battleford. Dr.
Morrison, the defeated candidate
(Conservative), was at that meeting,
nnd the only remark that that gentleman could think of to a friend of ours
was that Comrade O'Brien's grammar
was a little defective, but then we all
know that our universities pay a
great deal ot attention to the grammar of the students, who become doctors and lawyers and, later on, the
law-makers of the nation; but our.
law-makers and would-be law-makers,
while they may be "chock" full of
grammar, they don't have any remedies for the millions of empty stomachs. Comrade. O'Brien takes more
notice of the latter. Our advice to
Dr. Morrison Is to get down to business nnd do something for suffering
humanity by studying scientific Socialism, and then use his grammar.
THE  S.   P.   OF   C.   BUTTON.
Directory of Western Federation  of Miners in British
Executive Board
Member        ....       yVm. Davidson, Sandon
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Trios. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
r o.
Atlin    I	
Camborne   ...
Grand  Forks.
Greenwood   ..
Kimberly   ...
Marys vllle
..    M. & S. I.
"Rossland   ...
Sllverton   ....
Trail M & M.
 C. Galrns	
Wm. Wlnslow James Tobln ....
Patrick O'Connor  F. L. Crosson.
Charles BIrce Geo.   Heatherton.
C. Bennett "... T.  H.  Rotberliam
Mike McAndrews.. H, T. Rainbow...
Joe Armstrong A. B. Carter	
Fred Mellette Cbas.   Short	
D. Lundln   ....... [J.  Hays
Malcolm  McNeill.. Jatnei Roberts..
Paul   Phillips...
II.   Sllverthorn..
J. A. McKinnon.
I..  R.  Mclnnls..
Hobert Malroy..
IBIalr Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh.
Wm. It.sk, Hi	
'IA. Ilurgess	
. w.
A.  Plckard..
A. Shilland..,
Fred I.lebscber..
0. B. O'Noalll...
T. T. Rutherford..
F.   D.   Hardv	
W.   B.   Mclsaac,
(Grand   Forks
Slocan City
Van Anda
Price, each
To Locals five for $2.00.   Apply to your |
Provincial Secretary.
Jos  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 197, Port Arthur, Out.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomaiehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Maksaa ainoostaan, $1.50 vuosikerta
"Vakaleuka" Maksaa, $1.25
We solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Prelirainaryadvice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request, Marion & Marion, New York I^ife Bldg,
Montreal : and Washington, D.C, V.S.A-
Hand-Made Boots and   Shoes to order tn
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.     Stock  of staple  ready-made
Shoes always on hand,
2456 Weitmimtiir Ave.
Subscribe for tbe Clarion
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
Cameraphone Theatre
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Locala may obtain supplies from
their Provincial Executives at tbe following prices:
Charters, each  15.00
Constitution!, each  20
Dues stamps, each  10
Membership cards, each    .01
Platform and application blanks,
per 100  25
Platform and application blanks,
(Finnish) per 100 50
Platform and application blanks
(Ukrainian) per 100 50
Constitution in Finnish, per doz..   .50
Receipt books, each  $0.25
Warrant books, each 25
Meeting Monday, May 10th, 1909.
Present—Comrades PeterBon (chair-
Ban), English, Lambert, Morgan, Men-
gel, Karme and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Moose Jaw, Sask., stamps $ 1.10
Frederlcton, N. B., stamps     5.00
New Glasgow, N. S., stamps....    4.00
Cape Breton, N. S., stamps  10.00
Ontario  Executive     13.00
Clarion Maintenance Fund  11.00
Total $44.10
Correspondence dealt with from Ontario and Alberta executives, Locals
Amherst, Cape Breton and New Glasgow, N. S., Frededicton, N. B., Moose
Jaw, Sask., Eckville, Alta.; from Organizer O'Brien and L. E. Drake,
Bellerue, Alta.
Warrants authorized for Clarion deficit for April, $33.60; postage, telegram, etc., $2.50.
Meeting, Monday, May 10th, 1909.
Minutes of previous    meeting    approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Locals Sointula, Port Moody, Vancouver and Vernon, and from Organizer Harrington and Comrade Tordiffe,
and from Fred. Ogle offering services
as organizer, which were declined.
Vancouver Finnish, stamps $ 5.00
Vernon, stamps       3.00
Sointula, stamps        5.00
Port   Moody,  stamps,  literature
and assessment      10.75
Vancouver, assessment and buttons     35.40
A. M. Oliver organizing fund...    5.00
Buttons       1.00
Total    $05.15
Warrant   authorized   to   Organizer
Harrington,   $50.00.
Regular meeting, April 28th, 1909.
Present—Comrades Tredler, Lindal-
la, Collombo, Green and Secretary
Minutes of the last regular meeting
read and approved.
Communications read from the Dominion secretary, Comrade Lewis of
Chicago and Comrade Spencer ot
London, Ont., and Locals Brantford,
Berlin, Lindsay, Cobalt, Sault Ste.
Marie and Hamilton. On motion, delegates were requested to reply to
Brantford's questions as Individual
Eng. Br. Local Toronto reported
they would assume responsibility of
the Lewis meeting May 13th. On motion, the resignation ot Comrade
Tredler from Provincial Executive
was accepted and the secretary was
Instructed to notify the central committee of said action.
The  following  bills   were   ordered
Dominion Ex., due stamps $15.00
50c per year
Two for a dollar
Six months 25c.
Published at Cowansville, P.Q.
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone senilliiK nultotr-h and description nniy
LQlaRlr roniortiiln our opinion froo whether im
liivoiiiion is probably patentable, cnninnini'-n.
tlonnfltrtcllyeotilhleiillnl. HANDBOOK on I'nlciits
Bunt frco. Oldest agent*)' for fletnirlni' Imti'iiln.
I'litents taken t lirouuli Munn k Co. receive
tpteint noMir, wit limit, clinriio, lu tlio
Scientific American.
A handsomely Uluntrntort weekly. LnrKCBt circulation of ntiy jJolftfitlQa JmirnuJ. Tortim, fl! a
your; fmir tmmtbu.lM.  Bold byall Hewsd-culttf-i.
MUNN &Co.38,B'»»^' New Yore
Brnncb Oriloo. (36 V St., Washington, 1). C.
Dominion Ex., due cards    2.00
Secretary, April salary  10.00
Postage stamps      1.00
Clarion card for December, January, February and March...   4.00
Telegram to Cobalt 50
Total disbursements $32.50
Toronto Italian, due stamps....$ 3.00
Toronto Finnish, due stamps... 10.00
Sault Ste. Marie, due stamps...   5.00
Berlin, due stamps    2.00
Brantford, due  stamps    3.00
Total receipts   $23.00
For the first time in the existence
of the above Local we have been able
to go one step above the ordinary business or propaganda meeting.
On April 22nd we had a social evening, which was a great success ln
every sense of the word, even financially, for we had a balance to our
credit of $6.25.
I think this is the first time we have
had anything out of the ordinary business meeting whioh has been a financial success, therefore It is no wonder
that some of our older members have
asked (before entering on any new
scheme), where is the money to come
from? because it has repeatedly happened. This same bunch have had to
foot the bills, which, coming too often,
is not very encouraging.
We were fortunate in having on this
occasion Comrades C. M. O'Brien,
M.L.A., and R. P. Pettlplece with us,
who both gave very Interesting addresses, besides two Local speakers,
Comrades Volkoffslty and Rae, the latter being a lawyer who lately joined
the party and made his first speech on
this occasion in Ihe cause of freedom.
Various instrumental and vocal
items were contributed by Misses Ma-
girl and D. Jones, also by Comrade
Stephenson and Mr. Dunn and Mr. Mc-
When we got to the item of refreshments, we were at home, and in this
line of business we are unsurpassed,
justice being shown to the cakes,
sandwiches, tea, coffee, etc., nnd there
remained twelve baskets full of the
fragments, which were distributed
among the bachelors, who went home
with teaming faces, each carrying a
goodly stock  of  provisions.
Next week Comrade R. 1'. Pettipiece
will address a meeting of trade unionists of this city. The meeting will be
called  by the  Socialist.  Local.
So great a success was our social
that another will be called in about a
month. I hope in the near future to
see a large Increase In the attendance
nt our meetings, which of late have
been  constantly   increasing,  until   at
esent we fill the hall at every meeting. J. R. HTJNTBACH,
The "Standard" is the organ of Ihe
S. P. of G. B. and is the only exponent
of unexpurgated Socialism in Britain.
The clear-headedness of its contributors Is quite excuse enough for our
borrowing therefrom.
The Socialist Party held a conceit
and social on Saturday night In the
Labor hall, to demonstrate their feelings with regard to the upkeeplng of
May Day or International Labor Day.
There was a good attendance. The
ladies were very much in evidence.
About one hundred and fifty persons
were present ami all had a splendid
and enjoyable time. G. Howell acted
as chairman, and gave reasons for
May Day demonstrations. Light refreshments were served.
One of the richest things of the
present session of the Wisconsin
legislature has been the debate on
the bill for non-partisan city elections.
The whole debate turned on whether
it would or would not knock the Social-Democrats of Milwaukee. The
friends of the bill claimed that the
Social-Democrats could not elect their
ticket in a non-partisan election. The
enemies of the bill pointed to the fact
that the Social-Democrats elected two
school directors in the recent election.
The debate grew pretty warm, but it
turned exclusively on this one point.
The capitalist politicians arc beginning to realize that the most important issue for them is anti-Socialism.
Or as a speaker before the Republican Municipal League recently phrased it, "Tho Social-Democrat is the big
gray wolf—the common enemy."
Previously  acknowledged    ?12S.fi0
L. Lotzkar        1.00
S. Stettler        1.00
Editor Western Clarion,—
It might be ot Interest to some of
the readeis of the Clarion to know
that the Socialist Women's Study Club
here has discontinued meetings until
September, when the members expect
to be prepared to do even better work
than they have accomplished this
winter. The club has met every Monday evening since September 14th,
1908, and has been of great benefit to
those who attended well and did a certain amount of Individual study.
As the Btudy ot Socialism Is, to a
certain extent at least, the most important thing for Socialists, lt can be
encouraged by forming classes for the
purpose, and the lack of a leader does
not necessarily prevent comrades from
doing so. We could possibly have
worked to better advantage with an
experienced leader, but we think the
deficiency has been the means of more
individual expression of opinion.
We began studies with Engel's "Origin of the Family." It proved to be a
good book to start with, as showing
the growth of human societies out of
primitive forms by tracing the development of the family, due of course to
changes in the modes of production,
and also showing the origin and function of private property and the state.
Althought the book deals with a large
subject, it Is condensed and simplified
and we found It fairly easy to comprehend. It was especially helpful to
us ln reading other books later, and
with the knowledge of such facts as
shown in lt we could not fall to lack
incentive for further study. "Looking
Forward," by Rappaport, we read next
and found it interesting and instructive.
As many had expressed the wish to
study economics, we took up "Marxian Economics," by Untermann. It
required more study than the former
books, and as we had not sufficient
time tor it, the results were not as
Our receipts for the seven months
amounted to about twenty dollars, and
with the exception of five dollars,
which was voted toward propaganda
fund of English Branch, Toronto, the
money was used ln literature for distribution and in building up a library.
The library of eleven books consists
mostly of books too expensive for Individual members to purchase. We
have enrolled twenty memberB and
have had an average attendance of
Yours for the revolution,
Dear Comrade,—
Some three weeks ago I noticed in
the Clarion that ye editor had just
come hack from a trip to the Gabroli.
If you could have extended that trip a
lew miles further south and landed at
the north end of Salt Spring, you
would have encountered a few very
successful fanners. Their crop is
"raised" by Ihe working plug in the
old country and is harvested here in
the shape of interest, rent and profit.
This particular bunch of "farmers" is
making an awful noise just now. They
have come to the conclusion that this
kind of crop can't be harvested much
longer without the latest improved
harvesting machine called a "Dread-
naught," so they are after Laurier to
give them some right away. Of
course. It is not needed here, but over
there where the crop is "raised."
Here at the south end of the island
the climate is not favorable for growing the crop above mentioned, and I
have heard no one hankering after
Dreaduaughts. Here we have got to
get at the soil somehow, and the way
we generally do It Is to expend about
$250 worth of labor-power, stumping
powder and profane language (the last
item Is hard to estimate in value).
The result will be about one acre of
cleared land. Repeat the performance
as often as you want number of acres,
and there you are.
The so-called farmhand is not very
popular here. He Is too greedy. He
has the cheek of asking $28 and even
up to $30 a month and grub just for
the fun of helping to clear land and
harvest crops. Of course, In the
morning he milks a few cows just to
give him an appetite, and again In the
evening, to pass away an hour or two.
I have heard some here declare that
If this farmhand could have his way
as to wages, he would have the farm
in no time, and the present owner
would he the farmhand. It did not
seem to occur to them that he could
play the same game and got the farm
back again. The most of us here are
getting the best ot this individual by
having the fun of doing the work all
to ourselves, besides putting away an
Immense pile that the hired man
would otherwise have got away with
(wo are just now looking for a good
Investment for our money).
Some of the farmers here did not
like your term of "simple-minded" as
applied to the Gabrioll, but anyone
that will swallow "Ralph's" honk,
baited with a 'phono or two, must
come very near to being simple-minded. The same bait was laid out here,
but there was no bite,
Yours for Socialism,
Beaver Point, B. C.    .    ..,
On the appeal ot Local Vancouver's
test case in regards to speaking on
the streets, Justice Clement has decided that the by-law Is valid and
further that the police have discretionary powers aa to who shall or
shall not be moved on, and that lt is
none ot the business of the Individual
who is told to move on, to enquire why
other individuals are not moved on.
That is to say that the police can consistently stop the Socialists from
holding a street meeting, and yet allow
the Salvation Army full swing.
We admit that this is very good
law and that we have no right to
speak on the Btreet corner if the police and the courts say we haven't.
Local Vancouver has decided, however, to make things so Interesting
tor the police and the courts that the
former will see their way to exercising in our behalf those descretionary
powers which the judge attributes to
The ball will open as soon as the
committee's plans are perfected, with
a protest meeting ln the City Hall,
and Comrade Hawthornthwaite has
been Invited to participate. After
which the usual program of arrests,
trials and Imprisonments will be methodically carried out until the powers
that be become tired of our company.
A sufficient number of our comrades
have already volunteered to go to jail
to furnish Magistrate Williams and his
myrmidons with an excuse for their
existence for some time to come, and
more will be forthcoming if required.
However, this scrap cannot be carried on without money and It Is up to
those who don't go to jail to contribute funds to meet the expense Involved. The following Bums have been
contributed to date. More are required so send In your contributions forthwith to Local Vancouver's treasurer,
Box 836.
Previously acknowledged  $27.85
Street collections      8.00
Donation      1.00
P. Pierson       1.00
Leeds    50
D. Forrest       3.00
Total $41.35
The Western ClaJion subscriptions in Albert Head, Beaumont,
Colwood, Esquimalt, East Sooke,
Gold8tream. Happy Valley, Mill-
stream, Metchosin, Otter Point,
Parson's Bridge, Port Renfrew,
Rocky Point, Shawnigan, Sooke,
Thoburn, Victoria West, which
were subscribed for by Local Victoria, expire with this issue. If
527 is on your address slip this is
the last copy you will get unless
Renew at Once
Dear Editor,—
I have read with much interest and
appreciation the letters from Comrades Peck, R. G. Grey and W. E.
French and think their sentiments
and moderation are worthy of commendation. However, II appears that
words of appeal, couched In moderate
language, have no effect on Comrade
O'Brien, so perhaps I may be permitted to use somewhat stronger language.
I am a Socialist in as much as I believe ln the abolition of the present
system of production (and distribution) for profit, and with lt the abolition of the present cruel, wasteful and
barbarous competitive system. I am
a Christian because I believe that
Christ laid down the principles which
should govern our relationship to the
Great Creator and our fellowmen, and
I believe that He will come again to
this earth and set up a righteous government and put down with a strong
hand wickedness, greed and tyranny.
Probably when He comes, what Socialists advocate will be put in force.
Blessed is he found doing the Master's
work when He comes. So go on,
brothers, Peck and Grey and the rest.
Now, Comrade Editor, if those Socialists who are also Christians were j
to spend their time and take up valu-1
able space In assailing those who do j
not believe in Christ, Comrade O'Brien
and others might not like us very
much, and we should have a divided
house. We might point out the folly
ot trying to set up an era of righteousness and peace on earth without recognizing and paying tribute to the
Prince of Peace. Selfishness and
greed nre at the bottom of all wordiy
troubles. The antidote is unselfishness, which Is the very essence of
Not to take up loo much space, I
will conclude by suggesting 'that it Is
"up to" the Sortnllst Party and the
Clarion to say whether Christian-Socialists and un-Chrlstian ditto are to
work In harmony against the common
foe. or are to spend their energies
against each olhor.
Yours for the common weal,
I,   Pender Island, M">  8th, 1909.
Dear Comrade,-—
As a member of the Socialist Party
of Canada, a party which is founded
on the principles of democracy, I beg
to protest against the Increasing oligarchy of the party and the methods
some unreasoning agitators in the
movement are pursuing to keep out
ot the party the sane, educated and
intelligent members ot the community
and to substitute for them ln the
party membership a lot ot dirty-faced
and Irrational coal miners and navvies.
We hear a lot ot rubbish these days
about "class-consciousness*." It Socialism Is a class movement, lt is a
He; If lt Is a race movement, lt is
truth undeniable. It Socialism Is a
class movement, lt Is oligarchy, the
attempt of a few to usurp control over
the all and those few a bunch of Illiterates who speedily become nonentities. The Clarion sneers at the Fabians because, while true Socialists,
they try to logically teach Socialism to
rational men. I don't blame them for
not pressing the average representative of the "navvy" class to their
bosoms. I used to be one and among
that latter class and I wouldn't.
Dirty, boozy, vicious and depraved, are
these fit masters for us?
The Socialist Party has a privilege
and a nopportunlty seldom vouchsafed any movement. But lt requires
brains to grasp it. The rank and file
are toiling faithfully, but the bunch
at the head are doing many Insane
and suicidal things.
After reading O'Brien's somewhat
puny attempt to answer Rev. Peck'B
article and knowing what I know of
his work in the past, I am surprised
that the members of the party allow
an Irresponsible agitator like O'Brien
to pose as organizer of the Socialist
Party in Canada. If O'Brien has no
interest in the cause he should quit
before he does further damage; If he
is interested in the cause he should
take a course of study in human nature, and the methods of winning.
He sneers at religion, but religion can
teach him a few badly needed lessons
along this line.
The "Western Clarion" and O'Brien
between them want to monopolize the
credit for the present position of Socialism In Canada. They deserve
mighty little of it. They get paid for
their work, and pretty poor work at
that. But we don't get any pay. We
are paying out, all the time, for the
support of these 't'eachers ot economics!" and literature for propaganda
and many other things. And It Is to
the quiet, unreeompensed worker that
the credit is due. Socialism »ust
have a lot of virility to succeed, in
spite of these organizers and soap-box
Mr. Peek, in his letter, points out
the weakness of the methods employed by O'Brien and his kind. They are
tactless, and common-sense takes a
back seat. Christianity is a demonstrated fact. But, even If It were
not, you don't win men by running
amuck of their prejudices. You don't
convert a man by calling him a fool.
And those who have been born with
these prejudices are not thus to be
persuaded to abandon the truth of
ages for the theories of a day. Socialism is true, but it Is hard to believe It,
after hearing O'Brien speak. O'Brien
and other of our speakers do go out of
their way to attack Christianity and
the preachers, though the latter can
lay claim to brains and education O'Brien never dreamed of.
Why does O'Brien discuss subjects
of which he is totally Ignorant? What
does he know of Christianity? It Is
very trying to a man's solemnity to
hear him try lo tell Bible stories.
We've heard him, but hope he'll
never try again until he accidentally
sees a Bible some I line.
After reading O'Brien's sidesplitting nnd fascinating loiter In answer
to Mr. Peck, we fear Mr. O'Brien's
heller in virtue unci honesty is a negative quantity. That is not surprising.
But let Mr. O'Brien beware how he
slings his dirty insinuations at us.
He may have "economic reasons" for
being a Socialist. We haven't. We're
getting no salary from it. We're losing money, friends and influence and
risking our jobs on Socialism. We
have everything to gain and nothing
to lose by abandoning it today. But
we follow it because we lovo truth.
We want Socialism to suceed and
hence our opposition to the barnacles
who Impede Its progress, whoever
they may be.
Yours for the social democracy,
B. J. L $ 2-00
G.   S  1-00
J,  H.  U  3-00
Geo. Nickels     B.OO
Total $11.00
What to Read on Socialism
Comrades, I wish especially to draw
your attention to the fact that laat
month recorded another deficit ln tha
rannlng expenses ot the Clarion. The
question of the hour la, are you willing to allow this state of affairs to
continue, or are you going to brae*
up and put the Clarion out of thla hole
and keep lt out? Oet ln the fighting
line    and Are your subs. In.
• •   •
Anyone sending. In $5.00 worth ot
subs, receives a party button free. It
is a real emblem ot the labor movement. You will be proud to wear It
—get one.
• •   •
Three yearlles picked up by Comrade W. O. De Rotate arrive from Victoria, B. C.
• • »
Comrade A. M. Oliver, Kaslo B. C,
forwards the sum ot $5.00 which he
asks to be applied to the organizers'
fund or to the Clarion If lt needs It
Comrade Oliver promises to let us
hear from him again soon when he
will send some subs.
• •   • .
Where Is that Winnipeg bunch that
polled 2000 votes at the laat election?
'Tls about time they woke up and put
themselves on the map again by rolling ln a few hundred subs, from that
vicinity. Get in the fight Don't let
W. H. S. do lt all.
• •   •
Vancouver's literary agent, Comrade
Hugh Hanna, Introduces another pair
to the cellar this week.
• • •
Comrade H. Husdon, Central Park,
B. O, renews his sub. and orders a
party button.
• • •
And Comrade Thomas Shaddlck ot
Cowlchan Station sends in a new sub.
from Cobble Hill and also orders a
S. P. of C. button.
• • •
Local Edmonton digs up $4.25 for
a bundle ot Clarions and card, and
sends lt ln by Comrade J. R. Huntbach.
Saskatoon, Sask., this time! Two
yearlles from that vicinity are copped
by Comrade W. S. Buchanan.
• • •
Comrade John Cottam is another
hustler who responded to my appeal
for an extra effort to boost the Clarion on Labor Day. He rounds up a
healthy looking bunch of nine subs.
and fires them In from Frultland, Ont.
• •   •
Comrade R. Woodhouse, Toronto,
modestly asserts that he Is only acting
as agent for the Clarion and that the
four subs, he send in were handed to
him by Comrade Green and others.
• * •
Guelph, Ont., Is rapidly getting Into
line. Comrade Lome Cunningham
keeps up his weekly bundle of twenty-
five and gives us the following Interesting Information. He says: "Comrade Columbo of Toronto visited us
(Guelph) on Saturday and Sunday.
He addressed the Italian citizens ln
thjlr native tongue, the result being
the organization of an Italian branch
of Guelph Local, with fourteen members. The foreigners whom the white
workers despise have more grey matter In their heads than the white workers," comments Lome.
• •   •
Five very desirable "undesirables"
are to hand from Comrade W. H. Stebblngs, Winnipeg.
• •   *
How many readers are going to
brace up and send In a new render
this month? The following have arrived to date:
• • •
J. A. Telt, Spence's Bridge, B. C.j
T. L. Uriggs, Ladysmlth, II. C; Alfred
Clicesman, Toronto, Out.; Chas. Chancy, Vernon, II. ('.; Robert Taylor,
Knmloops, 11. C; W. Stephenson, Edmonton, Alta.; D. E. Carroll, Hazelton,
B. C; II. Strlethorst, Port Esslngton,
B. C; Ceo. Walton, Arrowhead, B. C,
and "Leeds."
• •   •
Workers will do well to remember
that to vote for capitalism Is now a
serious crime, punishable by poverty
with hard labor for life.
*   *   ♦
Before you can have tho opportunity of working for yourself, you must
first learn to vote for yourself.
• •   •
It is reported that the number of
Idle freight cars on the continent is
Increasing. Perhaps our capitalist
friends will tell us that they are Idle
because they don't want, to work.
Editor Warren of the Appeal has
been found guilty. We are quite sure
he Is guilty, too. And moreover will
be guilty of much more before lie Is
through, However the (use has been
llr Charles 11. Koir. Kdltnrnf tUe Int.-i,».-.' I
Socialist Itlivluw. KIKliU 1'O.UHIf.illlr lirlliu-ii
-miiea. with man) portraits of snclsdlrt writers.
I urlurlcH a simple, concise statement of the prln-
t'ti.li", of ,,"-lull.m. Om- copy tree on renocst.
li uialln-1 for IflOl 100 for tl Ml 1.IKKJ fortlO.HJ.
153 Klnzlo Street, Chicago, III.
At the Ymir General Hospital, I Matron, must be a gradnate Iron some well
established hospital  For particulars write
W. B. MclSSAC, Sec.
All eyes are now turned towards
May Day celebrations, and by the
looks of things the demonstration
throughout the United Kingdom will
be the biggest and best ever witnessed. Here In London the committees are busily engaged in preparing
for the big parade which will assemble at various points and march in a
complete body from Regent street to
Hyde Park promptly at two o'clock.
In all, some forty speakers have been
invited to address the meeting ln
Hyde Park, which promises to be a
busy place on that day. Of course,
not all the speakers will turn up, as
some of them are owned body and
soul by the Liberal party, and of
course that organization does not'believe in May Day celebrations. It
was thought best to invite some persons of that stamp, however, just to
show the workers that some of the so-
called friends of labor are sailing
under false colors.
The Poplar board of guardians,
which has several Socialists and
Trade Unionists in its make-up, has
decided to allow the holiday (with
lull pay) to all its officers and workmen where practical, and where not
so, another day will be substituted.
The Barking Town Urban District
council has arranged for a day off for
Its employes on the 1st of May and
similar action has been taken by various other municipal bodies, though
not without some dissent on the part
of their capitalist members.
After tbe parade and speechmak-
ing in Hyde Park, the comrades and
their families and friends will disport
themselves amidst the trees and flowers and make a genuine holiday of It.
In tbe evening Holborn town hall has
been engaged for speechmaklng and
dancing, and it will probably be along
ln the "wee sma' hours" of the morning before the "Red Flag" is sung as
a fitting finale to labor's international
Yesterday, Saturday, a great demonstration against the sweating system took place In Trafalgar Square,
and General Booth and his Salvation
Army sweating methods were exposed
to a large audience by the members of
the United Workers' Anti-Sweating
committee. Mr: .lames Macpherson
presided over the meeting and formulated charges against the Salvation
Army for sweating their employes ln
contravention of the Truck Act, and
the Hanbury street joinery works
were especially shown up as hot-beds
ot the vilest kind of sweating conducted by General Booth and his followers under the guise of benevolence.
Mr. Stennett of the Amalgamated
Society of Carpenters and Joiners presented a resolution condemning General Booth for Ignoring the demands of
the workers for a public examination
and inquiry into the methods used in
the Hanbury street "Elevator" for
turning out sweated goods, and when
the resolution was put at the end of
the meeting there was scarcely a dissenting vote in the entire vast throng.
Comrade JIcEntee of the Waltham-
stow branch of the S. D. P. was the
orator of the day, however, and made
a splendid speech, in which he cited
numerous instances of the cupidity of
the Salvation Army, one of which was
where the army collected six shillings
and six pence per head from the people who worked for them for an excursion to Chlngford that actually
cost the army less than two shillings
and  live pence for each.
Other speakers followed with even
more terrible Instances of greed and
cruelty practiced by the General and
his followers upon the helpless victims that came into their clutches, and
Mr. Dings of the I. L. P. put up a
rattling good speech, in which he
touched on the Canadian emigration
policy of the army, and he exposed
them good and proper.
'There is No Discipline bo Brutal as
That of the Sweater.'—Gen. Booth
in Darkest England."
It is conservatively estimated that
the Salvation Army has done at least
(J 14,000 worth of carpentry and joinery work this year for which it has
paid less than £500 to the people who
produced it. The Hanbury Street Elevator, valued at £250,000, was bequeathed to Gen. Booth. The self-
denial week netted the Salvation
Army £3,000 less this year owing to
the agitation of the anti-sweating committee.
The tempest In the teapot raised
by J. Kelr Hardie and his three colleagues resigning from the National
Administrative council of the Independent Labor party at the Edinburgh
conference a few weeks ago is slowly
subsiding though the "Labor Leader,"
the official organ of the I. L. P., is
still devoting columns upon columns
to the controversy. A referendum
vote is now being taken by the entire
membership for the members of a new
administrative council, and along
about May the result will be known,
and everything is then expected to be
lovely until the next general election,
when the Labor party must either affiliate with or detach itself from the
Liberal  party.
The Anti-Socialist Union is still doing business, though not at the same
old stand, as they have moved Into
new and commodious quarters in the
Queen Anne buildings on Victoria
street, Westminster. Even those workingmen who are indifferent to the
working class movement are not
tumbling over themselves in haste to
join this union, and most of the recruits it gets are members of the capitalist class, who can nearly always
be counted on as being anti-Socialistic,
whether they belong to the antl-So-
clallst Union or not.
Yours for the revolt,
Two other speakers followed talking on the same topics and It was not
until .5 o'clock that the resolution was
voted upon and carried and the meeting terminated.
The demonstration was a great success from start to finish and the public are beginning to realize that the
Salvation Army is nothing more than
a huge money making institution,
working under the guise of religion.
The red banner of the committee -attracted much attention as it stood unfurled against the huge column of Nelson in Trafalgar Square and the following inscription in large white letters could be plainly read from quite
a distance:
"United   Workers  Anti-Sweating  Co-
A Public Inquiry Into  the Condition
of Labor in the Hanbury Street
The economic side of Socialism is
coming to the front, and the idea of
it as something more than a mere
ethical aspiration for a better state of
things is becoming rooted in the
minds of the people.
We have dealt with Rent. The
next subject is Interest. Strange as
it may Beem to those who have not
thoroughly studied the subject, interest is many centuries older than rent.
Interest was at first a development of
exchange, and Is a direct consequence of the use of money. The
first usurers were merchants; but afterwards the land-owning class used
their accumulations in the same way.
The effect of interest was to still further break up the old communal life.
By degrees the money-lending class
got control of the law to such an extent that any debtor who was unable
to pay might be taken as a slave by
his creditor. We can easily understand how in a society based on production for use this interest became a
terrible thing. It was a direct trading upon necessity. A farmer or artificer who had borrowed for some temporary necessity had to go on paying
interest until it had the effect of first
depriving him of his property and afterwards enslaving him. At the present time there still prevails ln India a
similar state of things where the ryot
borrows from the usurer In order to
pay his taxes, or, on occasion In order thai he might have a jollification
if a daughter of his gets married.
Of course, the borrowers of antiquity were not all poor people.
Many borowed lo give costly entertainments, etc. Or If a statesman or
warrior wished to attain a higher
grade than he was in, he borrowed so
that he might distribute to the populace, and thus gain the position
where he might either pay his debts
by plundering the public or else repudiate those debts altogether. At
one time in his career, a little before
he became first Emperor of Rome,
Julius Caesar owed 15 million dollars.
Throughout the feudal period interest continued to be the same thing
that it had been during antiquity. A
knight would borrow ln order that
he might go to the Crusades, or that
he might attend a tournament, In
gorgeous panoply. Scott's hero, Ivan-
hoe, did this, as some who have read
the book will remember. And in the
lower grades of society people borrowed because they could not help it,
just as they had done in the ancient
Those economists who imagine that
the modem    idea    of interest    ran
BJ ST in B   : "
throughout the centuries, are wholly
ignorant of its history. At the time of
Its origin it was regarded as immoral
to take it, especially from a fellow
tribesman. This prejudice, if it can
be called a prejudice, has endured
almost to our own times. The writers of antiquity denounced it as infamous. The Fathers of the Church
were exceedingly bitter in their denunciation. They denounced the usurer In this life and promised him in
the next, quarters where his gold, if
he took it with him, would melt. Nor
was It only hard words the usurer had
to put up with. The law of that period
dealt harshly with the usurer. This
was still more the case in feudal
times. It became very dangerous to
lend money at usury. The money
lender risked losing not only his freedom but also parts of his person: e. g.,
his teeth might be extracted, and by
methods not so easy as those in use
to-day. In spite of all this, usury
went on. It could not be stopped by
such means. The debtor continued
to be ground throughout the centuries, and money thus used became
not only a most disastrous engine of
oppression but an agent to carry on
the economic development of society.
Some modern writers regard interest as having originated in a mutual
obligation. Bastiat teaches that a
beautiful harmony existed between
the interests of debtor and creditor,
and Henry George holds forth eloquently on the subject of how, If a
man had a superior implement to till
the land, or a superior machine or
other agent of Industry, how natural
It was he should lend It to another,
taking a fair return for his abstinence
in thus lending what he might have
used continuously himself. As a fact,
nothing of this kind ever took place
In antiquity, any more than the com
munal hunter And fisher caught his
fish or shot his deer with the view of
disposing of it according to modern
principles of exchange. In those ancient transactions they had no idea
of lending a superior instrument of
production. Interest then was simply
trading upon necessity, the necessity
of the rich man who wanted money
for purposes of luxury or pow-3r, or
of the poor man who wanted money to
tide over a difficulty.
Such was the interest of antiquity,
and such It continued throughout the
Middle Ages. But the interest of today is a different thing. To-day we
have a large class divorced from the
means of labor who cannot live except
by the sale of the labor-power inherent in their bodies. A capitalist who
sees Ihe opportunity of exhorting
these people by some enterprise which
he hopes will bring him in a considerable return, but who has not sufficient money of his own for the purpose, will go Into the open market
and borrow. On a loan he can pay
tbe current rate of interest according
to the security he has to offer. The
man who lends the money is in effect a sleeping partner of the active
capitalist, and the interest is really a
participation in profits. The money so
lent might be derived from commerce
or from the draining of India, but
most often nowadays it is surplus
value accumulated In the shape of
profit, which the owner is not able to
use at the time in his own business.
In the balance sheet of any company
you will find a reserve fund. This Is
an accumulation of profit placed in the
bank. The bank lends this money to
other people who want to open or extend businesses.
Interest is sometimes called the reward of abstinence, but mere abstinence from consuming wealth will not
increase the amount of it. Suppose
a man puts money in railroad debentures at 4 per cent, and simply refrains from drawing the interest and
allows it to accumulate at the bank.
In 25 years he would have accumulated a sum equal to what he had originally advanced. Not only so but the
railroad having increased in value
with the increase of population for
every $100 he had invested he would
probably get $120. If he had not
merely let the Interest accumulate but
drawn lt out and lent lt to get more
interest, the original capital would
probably be increased three or four
times over. If any political economist
can show how this is brought about
otherwise than by appropriating the
results of other people's labor, It will
be vastly interesting to those who
provide the means of abstinence for
other people.
The fact that the rate of interest
is falling is regarded by some as an
indication that the return to capital
is getting smaller, and that the work
ers are getting a proportionately larger share of the wealth of the com
munlty. But 2 per cent, on $1,000,000
Is twice as much as 10 per cent, on
$100,000. The wealth of the Investing class increases faster than the
rate of interest falls, and the work
ers get not a larger but an ever smaller share of the wealtluthey produce.
Regarding profit it is necessary to
employ Marx's analysis when dealing
with this subject. The capital employed in industry consists of fixed capital,
the value of which goes into the product by slow degrees; constant capital, raw materials and the like, the
whole value of which goes into the
product unchanged; and variable cap
ital which is the amount spent in
wages. As society advances there is
seen in every department of industry a tendency for the constant and
fixed capital to increase at the expense of the variable: i.e., more
and more is spent on machinery and
raw materials, and less and less in
wages. This is the explanation of
the fact that although the capitalist
might be getting an ever-smaller percentage of profit upon his enterprise
as a whole, he is nevertheless getting
the same percentage of the workers'
As a fact the falling rate of Interest of to-day coincides with an ever-
rising rate of surplus value; and
really means that capital is becoming
more and more dominant, and the
wage-earner playing a relatively less
Important part.
In their annual May Days demonstration, the Socialists of Montreal on
Saturday night came into violent contact with the police authorities, while
holding an open-air meeting on Duf-
ferin Square on Saturday evening.
During the ffacas, which at one time
threatened to become a regular riot,
several policemen are said to have
used their batons very freely on several of the Socialist leaders, the result
being that there are some cracked
heads amongst the local followers of
Kark Marx today.
Dufferln Square was packed, notwithstanding the unfavorable weather
conditions, with an interested crowd'.
Mr. George E. FIgg acted as chairman and the principal speaker was
Mr. Wilfrid Gribble 6f Toronto, general organizer of the Socialist Party,
who delivered an address strongly
urging his hearers to work for Socialist representation in Parliament. He
told of the great strides which the Socialist cause had made in Europe generally, more especially In Great Britain, where they now had a strong
and efficient representation ln Parliament. He urged the workingmen of
Montreal to associate themselves with
the local Socialist societies.
Mr. Albert St. Martin, the well-
known leader of the Montreal Socialists, then addressed the gathering.
He referred to the growth of the Socialist movement in Montreal and
gave a review of the work accomplished in Montreal during the last twelve
Sang Revolutionary Songs.
At 8 o'clock it commenced to rain
heavily and it was decided to adjourn
to the Labor Temple, St. Dominique
street. The procession was formed
on the square and the red banner of
the Socialist movement—the same
which was seized by the police last
May Day—was hoisted aloft, and the
march was made to the ball without
incident. The men and women were
singing revolutionary songs.
Policemen Used Clnbs.
Just as the procession disbanded at
(he Labor Temple door, three policemen ln uniform attacked several of
the leaders and used their batons, but
it was said afterwards at the meeting that no attempt was mnde to seize
the red flag or tear the bannerettes,
such as took place last year opposite
St. Joseph's Hall, East St. Catherine
street, when several persons were
roughly handled.
It was stated at the meeting that
police constable No. 403 was the man
who led the attack on the Socialists
on Saturday night. It was alleged
that he swung his baton in all directions, but made no attempt to arrest
any person.
Socialist Lawyer Hustled to Jail,
The sensation of the evening came
later. The Labor Temple being
crowded, the heat was almost stifling,
and to get a breath of fresh air Mr.
W. U. Cotton, advocate, nnd Socialist
agitator, went to the door. While he
was standing on the steps a policeman
came along and ordered him to "move
on." Mr. Cotton did not pay any attention to the policeman's remarks,
and when be turned to go back into
the Labor Temple, he was seized by
the arm and Informed that he was
under arrest. He was marched to police headquarters and was later taken
down to jail, where he remained until
Sunday noon, when he was liberated
on bail.
Tells of "Classes" in Jail.
At the Labor Temple on Sunday afternoon, when Mr. Cotton arrived, he
was given an ovation by the Socialists. He mounted the platform and
after relating his experience with the
policeman—who he claimed had acted
illegally and without authority—gave
a humorous description of life in the
Montreal jail. He declared that even
in prison there were classes. Being a
lawyer he was given first-class quarters. A drunken clergyman, who had
been arrested on Saturday night, was
also given a good room. The poor
habitual drunks were, however, housed like so many cattle, whilst clerks
and others, who had been sent down
on charges of theft, were given more
comfortable quarters.—Star.
Tin Glass Stnnrjt" tb*Jtm SAfSKX
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. Tbe present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as tbe capitalist class remains in possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
ot misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working-clasa
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure lt by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party ot Canada with the object ot conquering the public powers (or the purpose ot setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, aa rapidly as possible, ot capitalist
property in the means ot wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property ot the
working class.
2. Tbe democratic organization and' management ot Industry
by the workers.
8. The establishment, as speedily as possible, ot production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will the Socialist
Party is for it; if lt will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
unless you know WHY you are one. The cause of Socialism has beet*
tremendously injured and retarded by tbe ignorance of those who>
talk and write about it without a proper understanding of its principles. The foolish notion of "dividing up" and tbe story of the
"Irishman's two pigs" come from this source. The capitalist writer
and the speakers deliberately misrepresent our principles, but if every
comrade thoroughly understands Socialism, it will hasten the coming
of liberty for all.
"The Library Of Original Sources"
(In the Original Documents—Translated)
sweeps away the bigotry and superstition that has accumulated around
Religion, Government, Law, Social Science, etc.—brings to light the
naked truth and shows why Socialism is coming. The "Documents"'
cover as well the entire field of thought.
Prominent Socialists Say:
A. M. SIMONS: "Will be read
when novels are forgotten—easy
to grow enthusiastic over, difficult to find fault with."
VICTOR L. BERGER: "Of greatest value to Socialist students—
a treasure mine of information."
ERNEST UNTERMANN (Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"Your kindness is most appreciated and I enclose check.
The Documents will be my most
valued companions this winter."
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist Lecturer): "That which I have
longingly desired for years, and
which I must confess I despaired
of ever enjoying—'The Library
of Original Sources'—a service
to civilization."
Locals of the Socialist Party
could not make a better investment than a set of these hooka."
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Local,
Hackberry, Kas.): "I owe you
my thanks—greatest addition I
ever made to my library."
Longshoreman's Union, Seattle,
Wash.: "A boom to the working
class who have neither time nor
money to secure a university
(Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"I regard it as the most valuable
part of my library."
stands like a pyramid ln a
Not for "Scholars" but for Thinkers
Thl toilers, Ihe "produceri" who art beglmlug to bi •liiMhralled and think lor Iheautlveo.
 a , „
University Research Extension, Milwaukee, Wis.
GENTLEMEN:—Please send review articles by Simons and Berger and
tell me how I can get the 10 volumes and a 20 year membership on a co-operative basis.   No obfigution involved by this request.
IJIf you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate ot cost of
installing the gas pipes,


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