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Western Clarion Dec 23, 1911

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 WE STERN
*.
1 ^NED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY Of CANADA
V
uti* ay ian
Vlgy
7
J'ORlAi
CLARION
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS OF THE WORKING CLASS ALONE
NUML   < 648
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA- SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1911
Subscription Price
PER YEAR
Sl.00
A SIMPLE EDUCATION
IN SOCIALIST PRINCIPLES
This Is the First of a Series of Articles Setting Forth
the Principles of Socialism for Beginners.
Socialism as a Whole.
The above heading may appear too
ambitious.
Maybe it is.
The object of the writer is to endeavor ln this, the first of a series of
articles, to deal with different phases
of Socialism ln the simplest and most
interesting manner possible to him.
This article will be a brief exposition of Socialism as a whole, and the
reader is expected to realize that the
subject will not, because it cannot, be
dealt with thoroughly in this one article, and, further, that it is for him
(or her) to read and think over the
articles which will follow this and also
the books recommended for further
study.
Socialism is defined by a French
writer, Oabrial Devllle, as "The theoretical expression of the contemporaneous phase of the economic evolution of society."
That's so, all right, but let us Bee
if we can't boil lt down Into more
brief and everyday language, without
being hair-splittingly particular as to
whether we are absolutely technically
correct, or sufficiently verbose.
Socialism is an Explanation of Society
and Its Changes.
Socialism is not a plan of a future
state of society.
Socialism is not a state of society.
Socialism is not a conception of a
"higher order of things."
Socialism is of the present, not the
future.
Socialism is a means, not an end.
always ln existence, but how and why
is it in its present form?
The answer Ib: lt developed from an
earlier and cruder and less efficient
plough.
Before we had the steam plough with
its many shares we had (and still
have, largely) the gang plough, with
two shares; before that (and still have
in many cases) the walking plough,
with its single share. Before that
plough with its single steel share we
had the plough with a single iron
share. Before that the plough with
the single bronze share, copper share,
wooden share. And so on, right back
to the sharpened digging stick with
which the earliest agriculturists stirred up the sojl when they found that
by doing so they could make it yield
more abundantly.
Thus, as the digging stick has developed by stages into the steam
plough, the log used by the primitive
savage to float upon has developed
into the Atlantic liner, and so on all
along the line, and as the tools of
production have developed from simple
to complex, so society has developed
from simple to complex. Society has
had to change as the tool has developed. The tool is still developing, and
society is, and must, continue to
change with it.
We are part of the Bociety which is
subject to the changes last mentioned.
What affects that society affects us,
and for our own sake it behooves us
to understand the society of which
we are a part
The line ot reasoning set forth ln
The Socialist attitude is to look;»ti tms article is kn<*wn »b "The; Mater-
things as they are'and were, noT'Espa-Hst interpretation of History."
you think they "ought to be," or might
be. *       „.     .
There is good reason for this attitude.
It goes without Baying that we all
want more than we have, better than
we have, whether we are Socialists
or not.
No one, however, ever got what
they wanted because they wanted it.
Socialists are people who want
something better and have studied why
they have not got that "something
better" already.
They are dissatisfied, but not merely
dissatisfied; they have looked into
things as they are in order to understand the cause of the effects at which
they are dissatisfied; and have fur
ther looked at things as they were—
studied past history—in order to more
fully understand the present society
and how it came to be as lt is, in order
that, understanding what Is they may
work intelligently towards what they
want to be.
Socialists are those who (some more,
some less) understand those natural
laws, economically expressed, which
have caused society to develop, and
by virtue of understanding those laws
have become their intelligent instruments in the further development of
society.
Now what is the basic reason for
the changes in society that we know
have taken place in the past, and the
changes we see taking place ln our
own time?
It is the change In the tools of production used by the workerB who produce the wealth upon which all society
lives.
The actions of all members of society
are secondary to and caused by these
changes in the tools of production.
This, briefly put here, is the only
intelligent explanation why human beings, organically the same now as they
have been for many thousands of
years, have lived under several well
defined systems of society, and why
each system of society has varied within itself, grown from inception to full
development and decreptitude, and finally passed away and given place to
a new system.
For illustration, let us take Just one
of the tools of production ln existence
now, find out how lt came to be as it
is, and when we have briefly dealt
with Its development, apply the same
line of reasoning to all the tools ot
production, and finally connect the development of the tool to the consequent and inevitable change in society.
There is the steam plough, for instance. We did not always have lt.
Where did it come from as a plough?
It didn't drop down from heaven. The
matter of which it is composed was
This interpretation goes to show that
matter is primary and mind secondary; that all men get their ideas as
a result of their surroundings, their
experience.
It shows how the changes in society
were not brought about by tbe "great
men" we have read and been told so
much about, but that, on the contrary, these "great men" were themselves produced by the changes.
That is, briefly, what Socialism as
a whole is. For further study of the
matter, which is very necessary, read
"The Communist Manifesto," "Socialism, Utopian and Scientific," and the
"Manifesto of the Socialist Party of
Canada." When yon have read and
studied these, your own Judgment will
be good enough to guide you as to
further reading.
By the way, if your subscription to
the Clarion is near expiring, renew at
once; or If you have borrowed this
copy, subscribe yourself.
The next of this series will deal
with the worker's position in present-
day society as a seller of labor-power.
—WILFRID GRIBBLE.
SOC AL SM ALIVE
IN EDMONTON
O'Brien, Loses No Time in
Presenting the Workers'
Case in Legislature.
WHICH DO YOU PREFER ?
SASKATCHEWAN ELECTION.
For the first time a candidate of
the S. P. of C. is up in Saskatchewan
His name is H. Peters, and he is running in Moosejaw. Comrade Peters Is
a good Red.
Let us concentrate our attention on
Moosejaw. The comrades there are ln
need of funds and assistance. Send
your contribution to D. McMillan,
South Hill P. O., Sask., or to L. Budden,, Box 101, North Battleford, Sask.
Concentrate, is the word. By devoting our energies to that one spot
we can make a big dent ln the capitalist armor. All together, for a red-
whiskered Moosejaw!
The Alberta Legislative Assembly is
now in session. Comrade O'Brien,
Socialist member for Rocky Mountain,
has already made himself heard in
the interests of wage-workers.
He referred briefly to the cry that
has been raised about a railroad to
the north country, it having been
claimed that the Government should
build one. He said it would do bim
good to see the honorable members
building a railroad, and if it ever
happened, he would apply for the job
of boss.  (Laughter.)  -
Speaking of the power exercised by
the Assembly, O'Brien drew attention
to some instances where that power
had been used that had not been mentioned by the other speakers. The
following is a condensed report of his
speech:
"There has been a strike on in the
Crows Nest district for some seven
months. Detectives have been brought
in from the U. S. A. who have used
every possible method to try and
cause the Btrikers to riot. They are
allowed to carry weapons and brandish them in the faces of peaceful men
and women. The Attorney-General
knows this to be a violation of the
statutes of Alberta.
"A striker had, in one ' instance,
been brutally assaulted by a mine
manager, who had only been fined $10
as punishment. This reveals to us
the class nature of Government and
its laws. ■
"A delegation of G. T. P. strikers
waited on the Attorney-General, asking him to inform himself of the intimidating methods used by the special constables, who. .are also allowed
to carry guns.   Not a word has be-in
Bald about these'fltfngsln'tBe ■-"p'SSeb. r _
from the Throne, nor by the otherJ points;
speakers. Nor have we heard anything
about the mine disaster at Bellevue or
the action of the mine companies in
trying to freeze the miners into submission by refusing to allow them to
use the dead lumber which they had
been permitted to use at other times,
and by refusing to sell them coal.
"Governments can no longer escape,
however, from having these things
brought to their notice by the party
which I represent. This party, founded by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels,
and resting on the sock of science, has
grown ln a few years from an isolated
band of individuals to a world-wide
political party numbering its millions
of adherents."
O'Brien then went on to educate the
honorable members in the principles
oi the materialistic conception of history and industrial evolution. We regret that space forbids our giving
his address in full. To illustrate the
trend of things he referred to the miserable conditions prevailing ln many
parts of the United States, and said
that conditions on this side of the line
were fully as bad. Before he concluded he asked the member for La-
combe, who had accused him (O'Brien)
of being an irresponsible person and
always running down capital, for a
definition of capital.
The workers of Rocky Mountain
have mado no mistake, and If the
olher workers in Alberta are alivo to
their Interests, O'Brien will have company after next election.
Capitalism means that the worker
must divide up his hard-earned wealth
with the idler.
, Capitalism means the destruction
of the home. ,
Capitalism means industrial slavery
for the producers of wealth.
Capitalism means that Improved machinery brings greater misery to labor.
Capitalism means that the working
class must be kept ln ignorance.
Capitalism means too much work
for workers and too much wealth for
shirkers.
Capitalism means that those who
speak the truth are despised and liars
are  honored.
Capitalism means that the poor, inexpensive idler is jailed for vagrancy,
and the rich Idler, who costs society
a great deal, ls worshipped as a benefactor.
»   *   •
Socialism demands that the Idler
get nothing and the worker everything.
Socialism .demands that the shirkers
get to work or starve.
Socialism demands that improved
ma hinery be made to benefit all of
the race who are willing to help operate it
Socialism demands that only a small
part of anyone's time be given to working, the rest to recreation and pleasure.
Socialism demands that the working
class shall be taught the truth.
Socialism demands that the workers
take the homes their labor makes.
Socialist- knew that when workers
know the truth, C*Jdtalism WOn't last
a day.
WHY IS IT NECESSARY
FOR US TO WORK
Under the Present System the Time That Should Be
Devoted to Pleasure Is Spent in Surplus Toil.
MENTAL  MISFORTUNE.
Port Arthur, Dec. 11th, 1911.
Dear Sir:—
Will you please stop sending your
paper to my house, aB I don't think it
is a paper any person would wish in
their house; at least, I do not wish it
in my house. If any more are sent
I shall put the matter ln my lawyer's
hands. I have burnt up the others as
they have arrived. I looked over one
and would not let any one else In my
house see them.
S. Smith, 95 Cumberland St.
(So long has the slave been In
mental darkness that, like the entombed, miner who, crazed by suffering,
runs from bis rescuers, he ls enraged
by the Truth, instead of welcoming it
as hlB deliverer.—Ed.)
A Bill (No. 17) to abolish the election deposit, to make the required
number oi names on the nomination
paper 25 instead of 100, and to make
the hours for voting between 8 a. m.
and 5 p. in., has passed its first reading in the House of Commons. This
bill also provides that workers shall
be allowed to absent themselves from
employment between 12 noon and 2
p. m. to vote, without loss of wages.
HE DOESN'T  UKE  IT.
THE GRATEFUL 80CIALI8TS.
Sometimes we are impelled to think
that the Increase of Socialism has its
basis In gratitude. It ls gratitude of
the poor toward the rich. For many
years the rich have been trying to
uplift the poor,.and though they have
been unsuccessful, the poor are so
grateful as now to wish to uplift, not
only themselves but the upllfters as
well.—Life.
;**Work!»Work! Work!" he remarked
Avith; venom, slamming a thick cup
into/- a thick saucer, as: MCtamatlon
all the dam time work.
Every night for eight months. Tried
to get week's holiday for three months.
Can't get it"
I was waiting for my waffles and
coffee, perched upon the high and
wobbly stool with which modern
science has supplied the working man
for the better enoyment of his nickel
refreshments, and had engaged the
gentlemanly waiter in conversation.
As my elbows reposed shyly among
the crumbs which my predecessor had
overlooked, the conversation came vigorously in my direction.
"I vote for Socialists all right. Don't
know anything about Socialism, but 1
know I gotta work all the time now.
Yes, I can read, but don't want to.
Maybe we get a chance to work four
hours a day if we vote Socialist. Can't
be any worse than grits and torles
anyway. Lookut this comin' in. Another bunch of 'coffeeands.' Country's
full of 'em.   'Coffee and' all the time."
My waffle came and I proceeded to
eat it, which was something of a feat.
Those who are unacquainted with the
coffee house waffle will not be able to
understand the grievous quandary
my stomach is still in. It ls a great
question whether this work, which Is
published In all up-to-date five cent
kitchens, is the result of a demand on
the part of the working class stomach
or whether It is engaged In tho mighty
task of educating that stomach to its
true needs.
The waffle finished, I wandered forth
cogitating over the remarks ot the
waiter. He was not very Intellectual,
[nor very well educated. That was apparent. Yet he knew something that
was worth a good deal of other kinds
of knowledge. He knew that he worked much longer than was necessary.
He knew that somebody else was living by his toil. Many a head that Is
fairly bursting with education does
not contain these very vital bits of
Information. He Is only a proletarian
waiter in a cheap coffee house, but he
possesses the knowledge which wlll
yet accomplish the Social Revolution.
—PROWLER.
Comrade Archibald Crawford, who
visited Vancouver last spring on his
way around the world, has returned
to South Africa. Johannesburg comrades arranged a big reception for
him.
Why do we work? A simple enough
question surely, with an obvious answer. We work to earn a living, we
work to procure undershirts and overalls, pork and beans, and various other
necessities of life. For expending our
physical or mental energies in a direction Indicated to us by an individual
known as a boss we receive wealth (?)
in moderate amounts, periodically, and
with this wealth we acquire by process of exchange the means of subsistence.
"We work to earn a living." This
will In ninety-nine cases out of a hundred be the answer to the above question. But is it correct? Let ub inquire
further Into the matter, for it is a subject of the greatest interest, theoretically, to the writer. It is pleasant to
swing the axe, to wield the sledgehammer, to handle the spade or hoe;
and it ls even pleasanter to watch
someone else thus pleasantly employed. But there is a reason for all
things, and we want to know why
things are as they are.
Let us suppose an Industrious worker from the sunny Okanagan transported suddenly to the city of Vancouver this winter. He finds himself
on Hastings. Street without a cent.
After a while he U hungry, he wants
his dinner. He has no friends *i the
city, he cannot invite himself to a
neighbor's tor dinner, as he might
have done back on the homestead. He
wants bis dinner: he can't get it without mane*-- ^e has ao sapney. Wfc-tt
does he do?   He looks for a Job.
A job—I thought a man worked-to
get money to buy what he needs. Why
can't Bill Skookum go right to work
and get his dinner? Well, he must
get a job first He must find some
one who will employ him. He must
flnd some one who can see his way
to making a profit from Bill's labor.
And I venture to say that in Vancouver
in the winter months a stranger will
have considerable difficulty in locating
a job.
So Bill can not work to earn his
living. What will become of him? 1
don't know—it's nobody's business,
It's up to Bill. The point is that be
must starve unless some one gives
him a job. H~
Of course the worker earns a living
when he is working. If he didn't bow
could he work? The workers as a
class always did get a living. They
always will, or else they must disappear from the face of the earth. A
thousand years ago, when machinery
was unknown, when the process of
production was tediously slow and laborious, the workers got a living. Nowadays, with the most wonderful labor-
saving appliances, with the army of
laborers organized and disciplined so
that the productivity of labor has
been increased a hundredfold, In some
cases a thousandfold, the worker still
gets a living*. No more? Certainly
not, what does he want with any more?
The wages vary in different countries,
according to the cost of living. In
England a pound or thirty shillings
a week; ln British Columbia from ten
to twenty dollars a week; In China
ton cents a day. Enough to live on
and to support a wife and small family.
Let us hark back a few years to the
old plantation days. Here are a hundred negroes working on their master's
land. They are earning their living
are they not? They cultivate the soil,
they hoe the young plants, they pick
the cotton;  they got food to eat and
clothes to wear.   But they were living    	
all  right back in Africa.    Wby then |       For week ending December 16.
were they transported to the land of ^Receipts  $53.35
bo did they; they didn't get what they
produced, neither do we. They were
bound to one particular boss; we can
change our boss from time to time.
That is the only real difference. But
we must work for the capitalist class,
we must produce surplus values, we
must live narrow, mean, toilsome lives
while this favored class revels in luxury and enjoy all the pleasures, sensual, physical, mental, intellectual,
that an advanced state of civilization
can provide.
We can not live on wild fruits and
roots and game as did those negroes
back in their native haunts. We live
in more or leas densely populated
countries. Nature ls not so lavish
In the temperate zone as in tbe tropics.
It is necessary for us to work te get
our food, clothing and shelter, and it
Is necessary for us to have access to
the means of production, the natural
resources, the mills, the mines, factories, railroads, steamships, etc., etc.
But we flnd that all these are owned
by a favored class—the capitalist class
—and that we must pay them a tribute.
We find that the favored class retains
all the wealth we, the workers, produce over and above a living. So that
when a man says he is working to
earn his living, he is not strictly accurate. For ln ten hours' work, on an
average, the product of two hours will
pay his wages, and for eight hours—
the greater part of the time—he is
producing wealth for some idler to
enjoy.
The natural, resources belong to us
alL They bane been taken hy a favored few. The mills and lu-torie's
and railroads, have been built and co>'--
| structed br tte'Worters—but are owned by the. idlers. Labor produces aU
wealth, and to the producers it should
belong. Workers, wake up! Some of
us have woke up, we have gotten wise
to the game. It is up to us members of
the Socialist Party of Canada, readers
of the Western Clarion, to get busy,
and to keep busy; to hammer away
at the density and ignorance and bigoted indifference of the workers as a
class. It is up to us to stir up discontent, to feed the fire of indignation,
to make the workers feel sick and disgusted at the scheme so long worked
on them by the capitalist class, backed up by a prostitute press and a timeserving church.
Agitate, educate, organize; so tbat
It will not be long before an educated
and enlightened working class shall
take over the natural resources and
the means of production and distribution, and shall operate them ln the interests of all. Then shall we no longer
live to work, as do most of us today;
we shall work to live, and every man
shall do his share.
Then, and not till then, shall we
realize the true joy of living; then
shall the earth resound with the shouts
of merry children and the laughter sf
happy men and women. Comrades,
It's a fine thing to take a stand in the
fight against the monster Capital. It's
up to me; It's up to you, not some one
else. Let each do his part, and the
mighty task shall be accomplished.
—ALF JOHNSON.
IN   MEMORIAM.
Many comrades will regret to hear
of the death of Com. Wilfred Rchaume,
who was killed ln Cobalt December 7,
1911. Tho deceased was an active
worker for the cause, and was a late
member of I .ocal No. 8, Ottawa, Ont.
CLARION FINANCIAL STATEMENT.
During the past year the increase
in tbe number of dependent families,
that is, families seeking charity, in
New York City was 13 per cent over
the year before.
There Is a greater rush of cast hound
steerage passengers from the Atlantic
seaboard sills Fall than in any year
since 1907, the panic year.
Altogether,  conditions  are  as  bad,
or worse, now as in 1907.    Business
men  say "another panic Is coming."
Good Lord!    What will things be like
(when  it comes?
Stars and Stripes? Why, of course, to
make money, to produce wealth for
some individual who owned certain
natural resources and farming implements and was able to give them their
food and clothing ln exchange for their
labor power, and to profit greatly by
tho exchange. They could live easily,
with very little work, with no cares
or worries back home among the bamboos and palm trees. In their new
surroundings they toll long hours day
after day; they get a living, as they
always did, but now they produce surplus values, profits, for a master.
In what respect are we better off
than the chattel Blaves. We get a
living, so did they; we produce wealth,
Deficit
{61.55
Expenses (61.55
LOCAL  VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Tlieatre 5H COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1911
THE WESTERN CLARION
Published every Sat unlay uy the Socialist Party of Cuna-ia, ot the Office of
the Western Clarion, Flack Block Caae-
rnent,   165   Hastings   Street,   Vancouver,   B.C.
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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1911
IN  CANADA.
There are in Canada 15,796 industrial establishments, with a total capital of $846,585,023. There are in these
establishments 356,034 wage-earners
whose reward of toil amounts to $134,-
375,925 annually. The total value of
the wealth produced in one year is
$718,352,603.
The average wage per individual is
therefore $377 and the average production $2,017, leaving out the fractions. Each man, woman and child is,
therefore, on the average, robbed of
$1,640 each year. It is no use to say
as an excuse that a large portion of
this goes toward the upkeep of machinery, raw material, taxes, etc., for
none of this belongs to the workers
at any stage; it is all used as means
of further exploitation, and must,
therefore, be counted in as robbery.
The value of constant capital, or machinery, and raw material is transferred to the finished product by labor.
This value must be replaced by the
capitalist out of the values realized
by the sale of the product. The machinery, raw material and the value
taken out of them and replaced, all
belong to the capitalist. The worker
gets no advantage out of this portion
of his labor, which is, therefore, sud-
plus labor. As Marx says, the degree
of exploitation is arrived at by comparing variable capital, or wages, with
the value of the output.
Thus we arrive at the conclusion
that t*!<: workers of Canada give away
.Approximately 80 per cent, of their
labor. In one sense they give it away,
and in another sense they are brutally robbed of it. . They give it away
when they voluntarily vote for and
support the capitalist system. But
when we consider that this action is
the result of generations of subtle
teaching, we must conclude that they
are robbed of their wealth by being
first robbed of the free use of their intellects.
RELATIVE  VIRTUE.
Theirs not to reason why,
Theirs but to do and die;
Into the valley of death
Rode the six hundred.
Which is worst: To KWr and be killed, without any motive whatever, or to
kill with an object in view, mistaken
though it be?
"Murder is murder," says Roosevelt.
"Killing is killing," say we.
CHRISTMAS.
. It is now in order for mouthy moral-
mongers to try and brighten their own
characters by deepening the blackness of the McNamaras. Mr. Roosevelt has the usual inability to restrain
that perpetually copious fountain pen
of his. Anything that gets unusually
large headlines in the newspapers acts
on Roosevelt like the rod of .Moses on
the rock. It brings forth ink sufficient
to bathe a multitude; only in this case
the multitude is not exactly famishing
(or that particular fluid. Here is part
of bis latest:
"The McNamara murders, although
committed nominally in the interest of
organized labor, differ not a whit in
moral culpability from those committed by the illack Hand, or any band of
mere cutthroats."
Or the slaughter of innocent Spaniards ln the interest of American dividends. Or the killing of a hundred
miners in tbe interest of cheap production. Or the murder of working
girls In lire-trap factories. Or the
Bhooting of striking workerB to advance the cause of low wages. Why
docs not Mr. Roosevelt continue?
Bah! The moral Indignation of these
professional "good" men has the true
ring of jugglers' coins. We hold no
'•rief for the McNamaras, nor have we
held any since tbe affair began, but
certanly they are worthy of admiration beside men who uphold killing
without reason on one hand, and denounce killing with a purpose on the
other.
Workingmen who go willingly Into
unsafe mines and factories full of
crazy machinery are informed by
gentlemen with more learning than
sense, who maintain a safe distance,
that they are "heroes"; when, In truth,
they are the poor deluded victims of an
insane passion for cheapness. And, ot
course, everybody knows what high
efficiency in a soldier is, I. e., accurate
Bhooting, with the consciousness and
reasoning power of a machine gun.
As Tennyson says:
Not tho' the soldiers knew
Some  one   had   blundered:
Theirs not to make reply,
We wrote this subject up a short
time ago, last year we believe. If
we have to keep this thing up every
year, something sinister is liable to
have itself said.
The principal characteristic of
Christmas is the regularity with
which it occurs. There hns not been
a year without Christmas for some
time. Not, in fact, since that memorable period known as B, C. Things
were unsettled then, anyway.
Formerly, It was the custom at the
glad Xmas season, to load up with
love, peace, goodwill, happiness, etc.;
gather about the Yule-log and have a
great time with the kids, grown-up
ones included. It is different nowadays. Wo do not join the sad chorus
which sings about the degeneracy of
the race. We don't say things are
worse.   But they are different.
In these days, the Christmas salutation is "Shop Early." This arises
out of the great charitableness that
exists at this time. Why, if you did
not shop early, there are a great
many things you would overlook buying, and, consequently, leave a great
deal of stock on the poor merchant's
hands. The earlier you shop, the
more you are likely to buy. This
prevents the good shop-keeper from
having a surplus of goods which he
may have to sell cheap. Always think
of others, dear friends, especially when
others are thinking of you and of how
much money you have to spend.
Then there's another reason why
you should shop early. A clerk can
only do so much work; there's a limit
to everything, even to the amount of
work we can escape doing. Consequently, If clerks have more work to
do than they are capable of, it causes
tho honest merchant to hire more
clerks, which is a great expense. By
shopping early you cause the work to
be so distributed that a smaller number of clerks, working to capacity, can
handle the business and the good
storekeeper is saved many honest dollars. Cbiiiiy, soft-hearted reader, is
the greatest of virtues. '
At Christmas everybody gives everybody else a lot of sympathy. As this
is merely an exchange of sympathies,
and does not alter the total stock of
sympathy on hand, it is not an important point. But the habit of giving
extends to presents of other kinds
which acts as a great annual stimulus
to business and is, therefore, worthy
of note. There is a movement on foot
for a "sane Christmas," by which is
meant a Christmas without gifts. This
is calculated to undermine trade, and
is, therefore, the work of baneful
agitators.
A great many people act tremendously charitable toward the poor at
Christmas. By this they hope to attract attention to their great virtue
and kindliness. But it is net a success, for it only enlarges by contrast
their meanness during the other 364
days in the year.
Workingmen are the only ones who
truly understand the art of giving,
for they practice it all the year round.
They give up all that they produce,
getting back an emaciated existence,
called a wage, a volume of advice on
good behavior, and a look of hauteur.
They get a holiday at Xmas, however,
for which they should be thankful,
seeing they gave other people a great
many holidays throughout the rest of
the year.
She was found sitting in an armchair
in the adoining room.
The woman who for so many years
shared the bitter and the sweet at
the side of this revolutionary lighter
would not step away now.
Larfargue was born in Cuba January
15, 1S12, of French parents. In his
youth he received his education at
Bordeaux, and afterwards studied
mericine at Paris. He finished his
medical studies at London, as somewhere round 1804, for political reasons,
he was refused accesB to all French
universities.
In London he was introduced to
.Marx, whose studies found ready acceptance by Lafargue. There the first
seeds were planted which made him
the great fighter in the struggle of the
revolutionary proletariat. Shortly afterwards he married Marx' youngest
daughter, Lama.
During his stay in London Lafargue
was already in the fighting line of the
old international. In 1871, in the
southwest of France, we find him doing propaganda work under direction
of the Commune; but it fell through
for good reasons, and he was compelled
to take refuge in Spain after the
bloody termination of the Commune.
At the congress of the old International in Tho Hague, he took his stand
in opposition to Bakunine. He did
not return to France till after the
amnesty. Till then he lived in London on the verge of want.
In 1878, together with Gabriel De-
ville and Jues Guesde, he started the
French Social Democratic party. Before and after he was a contributor
to several papers and journals. These
writings are read the world over,
amongst the most widely read of
which is is "Droit a la Paresse" (Right
to be Lazy). On his request was published Engel's Socialism, Utopian and
Scientific, which remains to this day
one of the tevt books of modern Socialism.
For a short time Lafargue was a
member of the French Chamber of
Deputies, 1S9M893, for Ryssel, the revolutionary north, where at present
the left wing of the French party,
amongst whom were Lafargue and
Guesde, still has great influence. The
only reason Lafargue lost his seat
was by the calculating election geometry of the government.
With Lafargue, another of the Old
Guard has left the scene of battle. He
was in the advance guard of .Modern
Socialism and revolutionary tactics
in France. He was in the heat of the
battle of classes in many lands; he
was one whose cry always was "Revolution."
Through his death he has set the
master gods and ghosts at defiance,
and forever gives the lie to these
crawling snakes in human form, the
priests and parsons, and the whole
backwash of retainers  and' flunkays.
Let our watchword ever bo, "Revolution."
A. GILDEMEESTER.
ies of the civilized world, is still in
full vogue in this city of the West.
"Here are some of the conditions in
Oklahoma City at present:
"Empty dwellings, about SOO.
"Empty store rooms, about 200.
"Empty office rooms in various
buildings, about 600.
"About 1,000 women and girls working for less than $6.00 per week.
"About 372 children working for
less than $3.50 per week.
"The Chink and Greek controls the
restaurant trade of the city to the
detriment of the American working-
man, who is on the tramp. The capitalist class makes this condition possible by patronizing them and eating
their slop.
"Twenty-five Chink laundries running full blast in which the smell of
opium can be detected at any hour, to
the detriment of the American working man.
"Working men of the world, to show
you some proof of the above statement of the condition of Oklahoma
City, thousands of people all over the
United States have been duped into
buying lots all over the city by
smooth-tongued real estate grafters,
on which lots they cannot realize 25
per cent, of the original investment.
Miles of these vacant lots surround
Oklahoma City in every direction.
These lots are absolutely worthless
and even unfit for cultivation.
"Business depression is appalling.
The wage paid here is small. And
this in the face of the fact that living
expenses are as high here as any
place in the United States."
SociaAist^^Party  Directory
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. H. I,
Matthewd Secretary, 5711 Homer-
i'ichnrds lane.   Vancouver, B. C.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PBOVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Cauada. Meets every alternate
Monday,   R.   I.   Matthews,   Secretary.
ALBEBTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
Meets every alternate Monday in Labor
Hall, Kighth Ave. East, opposite post-
office. Secretary will be pleased to
an.swcr any communications regarding
the movement ln the province. F.
Danby,   Secretary,   Box   (147,   Calgary,
LOOAL   PERNIE,   S.   P.   of   C,   HOLPS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Pernie,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting llrst Sunday In each
month, same place, at 2:30 p.m. David
Paton, Secretary,  ISox  101.
DRUNKENNESS.
GRIBBLE  APPRECIATED.
PAUL LAFARGUE.
Some days ago there appeared a
scanty notice in the capitalist press to
the effect that Paul Lafargue and his
wife had taken their own lives, no
reasons being found or given, as they
appeared to be in comfortable circumstances.
This news, like any other coming
through the capitalist press, was received with the necessary suspicion,
and now as ever we realize that this
class of parasites called the capitalists,
to whom we are taught to look up, in
this Instance, as in every other, shaped
this news to serve its own ends, for
It was very well known for what reasons our comrades voluntarily parted
with life; and the circumstances leading up to this deed deal a staggering
blow to religion and master-class morality.
The fact of the matter is this: Sunday, November 29th, the gardener of
the little country place at "Draveil,"
where Lafargue lived, discovered what
had happened. On the table in La-
fargue's bedroom laid a letter, wherein he communicated that long since
Jve had decided not to live older than
70 years of age, so as to escape the
physical and mental debility which inevitably accompanies old age. Therefore he had decided many years since
to take his life this autumn by injection of a powerful poison. II his wife
died  under the  same  circumstances.
Comrade Gribble's poem, "To a
Weary Comrade," published in the
Clarion of November 25, is far and
away the best thing he has done. I
am sure he will pardon me for saying
that not everything in rhyme which
he has contributed to the Clarion has
been wholly worthy of the name of
poetry. On the other hand, there has
been several really fine things, that
have solidly established their author's
title to be considered a poet. This
last poem, "To a Weary Comrade,"
outsoars them all. I prophesy that it
will not soon be forgotten.
The technique is perfect. The most
careful reading will not discover one
Jarring note, or ill-considered syllable.
Couched in words at once dignified and
simple, and arranged in a beautiful
meter, lt satisfies every demand of
critical analysis, and in addition, is
finely touched throughout with that
elusive something which always makes
real poetry. I hope Comrade Gribble
will give us many more such inspiring
poems. A. P. CHEW.
We are in receipt of the first issue
of "The Coal Digger," a seven-column
weekly, published at Wilkeson, WaBh.,
ln  the Interests  of the  coal  miners.
! A  strong  current    of    revolutionary
I thought   runs   through   its   columns.
Subscription price is $1.50 per year;
I 85 cents for six months.   Address, The
Coal Digger, Wilkeson, Wash.
I OKLAHOMA   CITY   TODAY.
The Trades and Labor Council of
Oklahoma City issues a bulletin showing the true state of affairs in that
city. We give below an Interesting
extract:
"Oklahoma City today is a reeking,
seething mass of unemployed human
beings, scrambling for a mere existence. The big boom is over; the reaction has set in. The bottom has
dropped out. There is no work for
one-half of the present population.
"Men, manacled with chains, can be
seen every day upon the principal
streets, pushing a pan, guarded by
armed officers. The shameful and
disgraceful sight of the chain gang,
long since relegated to oblivion, together with like heathenish and barbarous customs, by most modern cit-
Is Caused By Misery and Want.
That misery is the chief cause of
drunkenness among the workers is
evidenced by the fact that there Is less
of it among the better paid workers
than among the unskilled. Rae states
tbat Porter, In his "Progress of the
Nation," adduces some striking causes
of a steady rise of wages making a
manifest change for the better In the
habits of unskilled laborers.
Porter mentions, on the authority of
the man who had the chief direction of
the work, that "tho formation of a
canal in the North of Ireland for some
time afforded steady employment to a
portion of the peasantry, who before
that time were suffering all the evils
so common in that country which result from precariousness of employment. Such work as they could previously get came at uncertain inter-
cals, and was sought by so many competitors that the remuneration was of
the scantiest kind. In this condition
the men were improvident to recklessness. Their wages, insufficient for the
maintenance of their families, were
wasted in procuring for themselves a
temporary forgetfulness of their misery at the whisky shops, and the mon
appeared to be sunk into a state of
hopeless degradation.
"From the moment, however, that
work was offered to them which was
constant in its nature and certain in
its duration, and on which their weekly earningB would be sufficient to provide for their comfortable support,
men who had been idle and dissolute
became sober, hardworking men, and
proved themselves kind and careful
husbands and fathers; and it is stated
as a fact that, notwithstanding the increased distribution of several thousands of dollars weekly in wages, the
whole of which, by the unthinking,
would be considered as so much additional money placed in their hands,
the consumption of whisky was abso-
I'ltely and permanently diminished in
the district."
Long hours, hard work and insufficient food due to low wages are without question powerful causes that
make for drunkenness. Another fact,
generally overlooked, is that pieceworkers, even though they may make
apparently higher wages, are more intemperate than time workers; the reason being that they resort to stimulants for the purpose of keeping up
their physical strength exhausted by
working under high pressure.
The rum shopB of the land are
blamed as the producers of criminals.
While the Socialist has no love for
thu saloon, realizing that, great harm
grows out of the overindulgence in
intoxicating liquor, nevertheless he
looks at the facts as they are. These
facts show that the most hardened,
desperate and dangerous criminals are
not addicted to rum. Abolition of the
saloon entirely would not materially
lower the number of criminals.
Want and the fear of want, due to
the prevailing economic conditions, is
a far greater progenitor of crime than
liquor. The capitalist system ls the
producer of crime and the producer of
the misery that drives the workers to
drink.
It is a question if those capitalists
who have no interest In the making or
dispensing of liquor would willingly
see tbe manufacture and sale of it
prohibited. The glass is too easy a
way in which the workers can drown
their misery, for the capitalists to wish
for its abolition. Like the Church,
the saloon Is a handy Institution, with
which to benumb the intellects of the
exploited working class. — Weekly
People.
MANITOBA PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice-—Tills card Is Inserted for lhe purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
secretary. W. II. Stebblngs Address,
310 Good Street, Winnipeg.
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL Executive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every llrst and third
Saturday in the month, 8:00 p.m., al
headquarters. Main Street, North Battleford. Secretary will answer nny
communications regarding the movement ln this Province. L. Budden,
Secy., Box 101, North Battleford, Sask.
MARITIME PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton oillce of tbe
Party, Commercial Street, Glace nay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary,- Box
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   OREENWOOD,   B.   C,    NO.    9,
S. P. of C, meeta every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall. Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Pi'imerile, Secretary.
LOCAL SOUTH FORT OEOEGE, B.C.,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. In Public Library Hoom. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Organizer.
LOOAL  VANCOUVi.it,  B.   C,  NO.  1,  8.
P. of C. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening nt headquarters, 133
Water Street. F. Perry, Secretary, 618
Hornby St.
LOOAL  VANCOUVER,   B.    C,    NO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Tbursdnys in the month ai 2237
Mnln Street.    Secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
LOOAL  VERNON,   B.   0.,   DC.  38.  S.  P.
of C. Meets every Tuesday, 8:00 p.m
sharp, at L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St.
W*. n. Gllmoro, Secretary.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9. .
Miners' Hall and Opera Hou-ie.   Propa- \
ganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the first '
and third Sundays of the month.   Business   meetings  on  Thursday  evenings I
following   propaganda   meetings   nt   8.
Organizer,   T.   Steele,   Coieman,   Alia.;
Secretary,  Jas.  Glendenniug,   Box  63, .
Coleman,   Alta.    Visitors  may  receive 1
information  any  day  at Miners'  Hall (
from  Com.  W.  Graham,   Secretary  of ;
U. M. W. of A.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  NO.  1,  S.
P. of C. Headquurters 022 First St. I
Business und propaganda meetings}
every Tliursduy at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading mom Is open to tlie public freo, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
Secretary, A. Parmilo, 622 First St.;
Organizer, W.  Stephenson.
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., NO. 4, S. P. I
of C, Meetings every Sunday at e\
p. m. at Hoom 25, Macule d3lock,J
lOlghth avenue and Second street W.l
Club und reading room same addressjf
Prank  Tipping,  Secretary,   Box  647.
LOCAL REOXNA NO. 6, SASK., MEETSl
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.l
Business meeting, second Friday, 81
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secre-f
tary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1040.
LOCAL ROSSLAND   NO. 25, S. P. of C,
meets iu Miners' 1-,'all every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secretary. P.O.
Box 674. Hossland Finnish Branch
meets in Philanders' Hall, Sunduys ul
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O.
Box 54, Hossland.
LOCAL  MICHEL,   B.   C,  NO.   16,  S.   P.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
overy Sunday afternoon at 2:3(1 p.m. in
Orahan's Hull. A hearty Invitation is
extended to all wage slaves within
reacli of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held tile llrst
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 n.m, in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
Secretary.
LOCAL  MOYI3,  B.  C,  NO.  30,  MEETS
second Sunday, 7:30 p.m.. In McGregor
Hall (.Miners' Hull). Thos. Roberts,
Secretury.
LOCAL  NELSON,   S.   P.   of   C,   MEETS
everv Frlduy evening nt 8 p.m., iu
Miners' Hull. Nelson, B. O. 1. A. Austin, Secretury.
LOCAL PRINCE RUPERT, B. C, No. S3,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunduy in
hall in Empress Theatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    L. If. Gorlnim, Secretary.
LOOAL  REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
LOOAL SANDON, B. C., NO. 3B, S. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesduy at 7:30 p.m.
in the Sandon Miners' Union Hall
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K, Sandon, B, C.
LOCAL BRANDON, MAN., NO. 7, S.  Pi
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Natlonl
Block, I'ossar Ave. Propaganda meet-l
ing, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meet-l
ing, second and fourth Mondays al 8l
p.m.; economic class, p'rlday at 8 p.m.1
Secretary, T. Mellalieo, 'ii'i First St.J
Brandon, Man.
LOCAL LETHBRIDGE,  ALTA.,  NO.  13, i
S. T. of C.    Meets llrst and third Sundays  in   the  month,    at    4    p.m.,    in I
Minor-;'   Hall.     Secretary,   Chas.   Pea-f
cock,  Box  1983.
LOCAL MOOSEJAW, SASK., No. 1, S. P.|
OP   C.—Propaganda     meetings    uv
Sunduy. 7:30 p. m.. in tbe Trades Hnll.I
Kconoink* class everv Sundav,  3  p.m.
I).   .McMillan,   Sec.   Treas..   South   Hill |
P.   O..   Sask.;   A.   Stewart.   Organizer,
South Hill P. O., Sask.   All slaves wel-]
come.
LOCAL No. 1, WINNIPEG, MANITOBA, ]
S. P. OP C— Headquarters 628*14 Main
Street. Winnipeg* room 2, next Dream-'
land Theatre. Business meeting every ]
Sunday morning, ut 11: economic class j
We Itiesdays, ai s p. m. Secretary's ]
address, 270 Young Street. Propa-'
ganda meeting overy Sunday evening)
in Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, at
S o'clock.    Disoussion  Invited.
LOCAL OTTAWA, NO. 8, S. P. OP C-
itu loess meetings first Sunday ln
month In Labor Hall. II Bank St.
G. McCullum, Secretury, 140 Augusta
St.
LOCAL  GLACE BAT,  NO.   1,  OP  N.  8.
Business and propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's Hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland.
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, offlce in D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. Building, Union
Street.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, tha
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed fn its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
i.O 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00
ADVERTISE IN THE CLARION SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1911
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
PAGE THREE
LETTERS FROM  EVERYWHERE
Western Clarion,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrades:—
Please renew my subscription to the
Western Clarion for the year ending
December 31st, 1912. Remittance enclosed.
With wishes to you for a year of
growth to your paper and results to
your labors, I am,
Yours fraternally,
EUGENE V. DEBS.
»   »    «
Torre Haute, Ind., Dec. 12.
46 Uxbridge Avenue, Toronto,
Sunday, Dec. 10, 1911.
Comrade Editor:—
Please raise my bundle from ten
to twenty a week. Enclosed find two
dollars to pay for Clarions since new
weekly edition started. Wish you
every succesB in your new office, and
will you let me know what Comrade
Mackenzie is going to do? Note new
address, and here's wishing you and
all the bunch the best of things, I am,
Faithfully yours,
W. GREEN.
* ♦    »
Box 63, Coleman, Alta., Dec. 13, 1911.
Comrade Editor:—
I am enclosing postal order for $9.00,
which is due to the Clarion from Coleman Local No. 9 for bundles received,
and seeing that the Clar'ou is not getting the support which lt merits, we
have managed to scrape the few dollars together from our shattered funds.
I have been doing some individual
soliciting for subs, but, sorry to say,
without success so far. The comrades, j
I fee! sure, arc willing to subscribe, but
the strike has drained their finances.
The electoral district is $200.00 in1
debt through the recent campaign,
but if you can keep things going tf 11 j
February I will do my bo3t in the in- j
tercsts of tho Clarion in the meantime.
Yours in Revolt,
JAS. GLENDENNING,
Financial Secretary.
• »   *
345 22nd Street, Brandon,
December 6, 1911.
Comrade:—
Enclosed please find $5.00 bill. Send
me 21, more 3-month subscription
cards. Have disposed of 100 sent last
week. Way we did it: Got the comrades to take ten each and pay for
them, and ther. endeavor to sell to the
heathen. Plan works all right, aB
when the comrades have their money
at stake they hustle to get it back.
We will endeavor to sell more, and
when these 25 are gone I hope to be
able to place a larger order. It is not
so easy now, as we are sadly depleted
In numbers—only a dozen left. We
are suffering from nn acute attack of
prosperity. Many of the comrades
will spend Christmas in Old England,
watching the Yule-log burn brightly on
the ancestral hearth. However, it's
a long lane with no turn, and when
their stock of dollars is nearly gone
they will have to hie themselves back
and peddle their energy once more.
You did not send bill of what we owe
for Clarion bundle and card; please do
WANTED-At the Ymir General Hospital, a nurse, must be a
graduate of some well established
hospital. For Darticulars write
W. B. McISAAC,
Secretary.
lt at once, as we can't afford to owe
Clarion any money.
I am anxiously watching that sub
list. I should like to see some of
those big, EXTRA, revolutionary locals
get busy.
Your Comrade Slave,
ED. FULCHER.
*    *    *
Michel, B. C, Dec. 11, 1911.
R. J. Matthews, Secretary,
Dom. Ex. Com.
Comrade Slave: —
I am instructed by this Local to
write and inform you of our position
here in regard to your communication
re the Western Clarion. It's a fierce
proposition to think that our paper
is so near its last legs and we unable
to raise a hand to assist it. There has
not been a pay-day yet since the resumption of work here, and when it
does come it will be very small, as the
most of the men only had four or five
days work last month. The agreement
was not signed and the strike declared
off until a week or two after the press
reportB of a settlement were circulated. You will readily understand
when I say that it will take a man of
iron nerve to canvass for subs under
such conditions. You may rest assured though that the comrades of
Michel wll! exert every effort to put
the Clajion on a paying basis aud keep
It there.
I was instructed to express our regrets at the resignation of Comrade
McKenzie, feeling that the Party is
losing the active services of a valiant
and fighting Red. We also wish all
kinds of success to follow the work of
his  successor.
Yours in the scrap,
A. S. JULIAN,
Secretary Local No. 10.
HUNGER  POWER.
(By A. James.)
Steam may force steel giants across
the ocean. Electricity may transmit
man's messages througn space, but
still a force remains unquestioned in
It's supremacy, hunger, the Imperious demand for the renewal of life.
Through hunger the microscopic
amoeba absorbs a still tinier animalcule, the life and strength of which
becomes the life and strength of the
amoeba. Through hanger was evolved intelligence, the use of tools,
tribal wars, and hence social organization, slavery, feudalism, and capitalism, and through hunger will evolve
Socialism.
Shall capitalism which uses every
profitable force ln production, allow
hunger, the greatest of world powers,
to remain unorganized out of its
control? Capitalism has already answered, and the world's workers
awake to find the hunger force of
humanity harnessed in the service of
the oapitalist, for the exploitation of
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WAGE-SLAVES
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OPEN EVENINGS
the producer, and the degradation of
the human race. Under the protection of a police army which enrolled,
not because the men loved tyranny,
but because they feared hunger, and
a military army which too was hungry, and therefore enlisted, capitalism
lays hands on the bread and butter
of men, women and children, regardless of right, regardless of justice. N,
Down in the basement of society
the workers toil, they work all day,
every day, through long years, summer and winter working always
working. Every day the factory
throbs with motion; every day masses of wealth pasB out It's doors
Great quantities of the choicest and
the best, one needs but to use one's
eyes to tell how much, goes to the
homes of the wealthy, the squanderers, the idlers, the useless robbers of
Bociety. Another portion, the coarse
and cheap, goes to the proletariat,
those who have but their services to
give in return; who control no lands,
factories, or homes, but who are
themselves controlled. The portion
of the proletariat is again divided,
part goes to the army, police, and
other instruments of capitalist oppression, part to the Industrial army,
the toilers who provide for, all.
Right outside society's railings is
a third section of the proletariat. To
these*is sent no food,' despair, starvation, and misery Ib their lot. To
them comes disease, crime ,and vice.
They form the great unemployed
army, the vast reserve force of hunger power on which capitalist society
hinges. But for them, the uniformed flunkeys would not drill, nor
would the workers sweat. Remove
unemployment, and the fear of starvation goes. Remove the spectre of
want, and the soldier will not murder, tho policeman wlll not arrest,
and the worker will not be a slave.
Hunger makes cowards of us all.
The idols of capitalism are efficiency and cheapness. Efficiency
gains greater quantities of wealth;
cheapness lessens the portion of the
worker and increases that of the capitalist. The unemployed are hungry,
The man without a Job grows desperate. If by selling his labor more
cheaply than does the policeman, the
soldier or the worker, he can at least
get a crust, then a crust is better
than no bread. But the employed has only a crust, and to lose his
job would be to lose that crust, so he
outdoes the unemployed with "half
a crust is better than no crust." He
keeps hiB job at a still lower wage,
and the jobless man starves. Only
when the policeman Is too old and
weak to bludgeon, when the soldier
is no longer strong to murder, when
the worker becomes too slow or ill to
keep the pace, or when the capitalist
extends his lines and requires more
flunkeys and slaves, bave the unemployed a chance. The employed
are always the fittest, the unemployed the unfit. Capitalism makes the
flt, unfit; saps the strength of the
strong, and dashes brains to the
ground. Capitalism is a mill into
which enter the youth and hope of
humanity, and out of which wasted
and emasculated forms pass to the
grave.
The function of the army and
police is to protect the capitalist and
his property against slave revolts,
against robbery, strikes and insurrection; the power which drives them
is the fear of hunger. The function
of the unemployed is to prevent the
slaves of capitalism from attaining
to more than a moderately hungry
condition; the driving force Is starvation. The function of the worker
ls to sow, reap, make, and build, to
provide luxuries for the parasitic rich
to squander, and their fellow slaves.
The reason why they toil is the touch
of hunger. The productivity of labor
becomes greater with the years, and
the worker becomes poorer with the
increasing wealth. The worker can
absorb only as much as his wage will
provide, his wage is smaller as the hunger forces grow around him. The capitalist who knows no want, whose
chief hobby Ib engaging in giant gam
bles for lands, mines, factories, railways, and human lives, keeps all the
wealth the workers produce but cannot
buy.    In all  leading capitalist coun-
LITERATURE.
We need  money and we want to
make way for new pamphlets.   There-
tries there is a condition of chronic : fore* we make the following offer:
starvation and unemployment on the j Manifesto of S. P. of C 10c
one  hand  and  magnificence  and  ex- 'Socialism, Revolution and Interna
travagance on the other. When the
capitalist class was serving its apprenticeship there were disastrous
nriees caused by the production of
greater quantities of wealth than the
workers with their starvation wages
and the capitalists with their enormous profitB could not would buy.
Now It haB learned Its profession, affairs are so nicely regulated that there
is a state of under-consumption ln respect to the needs of the workers and
cvor-production as far as their buying
capacity ls concerned, and crises in
the main are limited to tangles in the
capitalistic gambling hells. Slow burning, chronic hunger, with constant ar
mles of unemployed, are the Instruments of capitalism for getting the
most for the least; for the most modern, effective, and scientific exploita
tion of the only useful people in the
world.
As far as wage slavery is, in Australia, these conditions are the rule.
Australia's day Is only dawning, as
yet she Is but an immense farm for
supplying distant markets with raw
material. When the harvests are
good wage-earners get the subsistence
wage. The farmer buys a machine
or increases his stock. The wealth
of Australia passes into the hands of
tlonalism  ..10c
Socialism and Unionism  5c
Slave of the Farm , . 5c
Struggle  for  Existence  5c
Proletarian In Politics  5c
The State and Government  5c
45c
THE  WHOLE  BUNCH   FOR  25c.
WAGE  SLAVERY  THE  WORST  OF
ALL.
Do you want to know how cheap
men are? Then hang out a sign, "Men
wanted," on any street in any city, and
see the swarm of ragged, hungry men
who will gather around it like jackals
to a feast, offering themselves to do
any work, no matter how vile, dangerous, or dishonest—only asking for
enough food to keep them from starving. Could any slave-owner have se- ,
cured services so cheap? Could he bourSeol8fe. »ut ln a similar way as
have put out such a sign and filled servants reS--r<» themselves as belong-
of the educated workers is today as
overcrowded as that of the manual
workers. And also the intellectual
workers have already their Reserve
Army—unemployment is as much
known in their ranks as in those of
the industrial workers. Those who
wish to obtain an appointment under
Government have to wait years, often
more than a decade, until they are
able to get one of the badly paid minor
posts. With the others over-work Ib
followed as much by unemployment
and vice-versa as with the hand-workers, and the forcing down of wages ls
practised upon them as upon the latter.
The class position of the educated
workers grows perceptibly worse; If
before one spoke of the aristocracy of
Intellect, one now speaks of the proletariat of intelligence; und very soon
these latter proletarians wlll distinguish themselves from the other
wage-workers by only one thing—
their conceit. The majority of them
will still think they are something
better than wage-workers; they still
consider themselves to belong to the
his cotton field? Did the black man
have to beg for masters? No! Able-
bodied slaves were sought and brought
a price besides the cost of house, food,
clothing, and care of family. Even
babies were estimated at $100 each,
and cost and care of raising. Is it
so today with white babies? Are they
cared for? Were ever slave babies
local or foreign capitalists. The j murdered because mothers could not
worker is robbed, the farmer is rob- keep them Oh, wage-earners of Amer-
bed, the truly International capital- j ica, can you not see that your con-
issts, who know no country," but own j dition is worse than chattel slavery,
all, take and divide the spoil. When j that there must be something wrong
the drought comes and the harvest! with the system that forces you to be
fails, the worker loses his job, the j woree than slaves? Learn even now
farmer loses his farm and stock, but; that your only hope lies in organlza-
the capitalist is still fat on what Aus- tion, agitation, and education.—P. L. S.
tralians   produced   and   should     be
eating.
An increasing population, military
and naval forces, and a strong police
army are necessary to successful capitalism. The Labor Party, placed In
power In the majority of Australian
Parliaments, are doing all that ls necessary for the advancement of capital-
of capitalism. That which is necessary for the advancement of capitalism. That which Is necessary for the
overthrowing of capitalism is left undone. Mr. Fisher has invited miners
from Wales to mine Australian coal
when Australian miners are workless.
Mr. Pearce has founded a national
army on a conscription basis to defend the capitalist from his enemies
at home and abroad. Mr. Holman and
his gang of strikebreakers gave the
police ample employment at Lithgow,
and proceeded to fine and jail the
workers who made the rails on which
the police travelled. Capitalism with
all its crimes advances upon Australia. The remedy ls in a revolutionary
organized working class, and not in
political scabbery.
Under capitalism there are two
classes: Slave Drivers and Slaves.
Under Socialism there will be one
class: the Working Class.—Interna
tlonal Socialist.
, Socialist Gain»—are made chiefly by the printed propaganda.
! If you have a-friend who Won't listen to your arguments, put his name
on this coupon and send it in with a $1, 50c or 25c.
Date	
Enclosed Find $..
Western Clarion to
..., 191	
for which send the
Address
THE WESTERN CLARION
Vancouver, B. C.
Holler
"If morality in business leads to
bankruptcy, it ceases to be morality."
—Newbolt.
This leads to the creation of the
following synonyms:
Morality—Solvency.
Immorality—Insolvency.
Or
Virtue—Affluence.
Evil—Poverty.
HOW THEY COME
Don't fail to read Comrade Gribble's
article in this issue on "Simplified Socialism." It Is a good one to give the
prospective convert. And don't miss
the rest of the series.
THE  PROLETARIAT
(By Karl Kautsky)
(Continued from last Issue)
at the RO.
ou do not
get your
CLARION
If that does
not work
Write Us
and we will
see that you
get it.
Two thousand new yearly subs, by
January 15th. That's a cinch for
Clarion rustlers. We need them and
you can get them. The Clarion Is going to have simple stuff for beginners
and solid stuff for students from now
on. Our squabbles have gone with the
squabblers. Get after the subs, und
we'll give you the goods.
See that your name Is down here
next week:
Fred. Teeple, Brandon, Man 8
E. Fulcher, Brandon, Man 7
Alex. McDonald, City 6
F. Danby, Calgary 2
H. T. Bastable, Brandon 2
R. G. Grey, Victoria 2
F. Fryer, London, Eng 2
F. J. Webb, London, Eng 2
It. W. Cook, City 2
E. Simpson, Victoria 2
Com. Kilgour,  City 2
Singles.—H. G. Hills, Victoria, B. C.I
E. V. Debs, Terre Haute, Ind.; D. A.
McLean, Calgary, Alta.; II. Simmons,
Regina, Sask.; R. B. Vogen, Watrous,
Sask.; Horace Collingwood, North Battleford, Sask.; T. B. Miles, Whiteman's
Creek, B. C.i Wm. Stafford, Princeton,
B. C.; Thomson I-amble, Edmonton,
Alta.; E. Kuhn, Brandon, Man.; T. II.
I.egge, Brandon, Man.; T. Mellalleu,
Brandon, Man.; Sam. Larson, lethbridge, Alta.; D. McMillan, South Hill,
Sask.; Com. Fisher, City.
Bundles.
F. Hyatt, St. John, N. B 100
John   Mclnnls,   So.   Fort   George,
B. C     5
C. W. Springford, Islay, Alta     5
W. Green, Toronto, Ont  10
Since then the spreading of higher school education—and here It Is
only a question of higher education—
has made gigantic strides. The number of educational establishments has
Immensely increased. The number of
scholars has grown to a still greater
extent. Petty enterprise In commerce
and industry no longer offers chances
of prosperity. The petty bourgeois is
unable to save his children from drifting Into tbe ranks of the proletariat
unless he can manage to give them a
university education, providing, of
course, lt is possible for him to rake
together sufficient means for this end.
And he must think of providing not
only for his sons but also for his
daughters; for the progress In the
division of labor gradually transforms,
as already mentioned, household work
into separate occupations, thus reducing more and more the work in the
home, so that a marriage in which the
wife ls only the housekeeper, and not
at least partly bread-winner, becomes
Increasingly a luxury. At the same
time, however, the petty bourgeoisie
falls Into greater poverty, as we have
seen, so that It loses the ability of
affording a luxury. The number of
celibates Increases, as does the number of families In which wife and
daughter have to work to augment the
income of the family. Thus female
labor Increases not only In the direction of the petty and large industry,
and of petty trading, but also in the
sphere of officialdom in Government
and private employment, as, for Instance, In the post and telegraph offices, railways, banks, art and science.
However loud tho protest on the
grounds of prejudice or personal Interest may be, female labor enters Increasingly Into tho various spheres of
Intellectual activity. It Is not conceit,
neither insolence nor upplshness, but
tho compulsion due to economic development, which forces women to
seek occupation in that particular
sphere bb elsewhere. While the men
in some Intellectual occupations, In
which craft organization still exlBtB,
have been successful in keeping out
female competition,  the women  have
Ing to the family of their masters.
They have ceased to be the intellectual leaders of the bourgeoisie and
have become their hired prize fighters.
The ambition to succeed develops
among them; not the cultivation, but
the turning to account of their intellectual gifts now becomes their first
consideration. Like the petty traders,
they, too, are deceived by a few big
prizes in the lottery of their life; they
overlook the numerous blankB which
are facing them and bargain away
body and soul for the mere prospect
of drawing such a big prize. The selling of their own convictions and a
marriage for money have become ln
tho estimation of the majority of our
"educated," two self-understood as
well as indispensable means for "making a fortune." And that is what the
capitalist production has made of Its
explorers, thinkers and dreamers.
But the supply increases too rapidly for it to be possible to make a great
deal out of education even if one sells
with it bis own personality. It cannot be prevented that masses of the
educated are driven into the ranks of
the proletariat.
It Is as yet uncertain whether this
development will lead to the educated
joining tho fighting proletariat en
masse rather than individually, as
until now, but one thing is certain—
with the proletarianlsing of the educated the last chance of the proletarian to rise by his own efforts Into a
higher class has been frustrated.
It is out of the question that tbe
wage-worker can become a capitalist,
at least in the ordinary course of
things.
A prize in a lottery or a wealthy
uncle abroad are not taken into account by sensible persons when considering the position of the working
eiasB. But under exceptionally favorable circumstances a better-pa**"*! worker may here and there succeed ln soring—owing to his more abstemious
way of living—sufficient to commence
a small concern as handicraftsman or
to open a shop, or to send his son for
a course of study in order to become
one of the "better" class. It has always been ridiculous to point to such
possibilities for the workers for improving their own position or that of
their children. In the ordinary course
of things a workman may be glad,
If he is at all able to save, to put by
so much in good times, as not to be
quite destitute when he falls out of
employment. But today it Is more
ridiculous than ever to attempt to console the workers with such prospects,
for the economic development not
only makes it less possible for the
worker to save, it also makes It Impossible even if he succeeds ln earning
sufficient to raise himself and his
children above the proletarian existence. To commence working on hlB
own account means for him to get
from one misfortune Into another, and
to return as a rule to his previous
mlBcry, recognizing I hat petty enter-
prlzo cannot be maintained, but only
results ln the Iobh of previous savings.
More difficult even limn commencing nn independent petty enterprise,
almost hopeless indeed, today Is the
attempt of the proletarian to send his
son to college. But supposing such
an   attempt   Iibh   been   successful,   of
what use Is his education to the son
been able to gain admission to callings I . tne proK,tarlan who cannot turn
unhampered  l,v craft organization, as, | t(J account „,„ acml,rementBi who has
no   protection,  especially  now   when
hundreds of lawyers, engineers, chem-
for Instance. Journalism, painting, and
music.
, A consequence of this entire development is, that the number of the educated persons has Increased tremendously ln comparison with the past;
but the favorable consequences which
the Idealists expected to be derived
from a greater diffusion of education,
have not been realized. So long as
education remains a commodity, the
diffusion of education means an increased supply of the commodity,
hence a lowering of Its prices and consequently a worse position for the
ownor of tho commodity. The number of the educated lias grown to an
extent that more than satisfies the requirements of the capitalists and of
the capitalist state.   The labor market
ists, and commercial graduates are
walking about in search of employment?
Wheresoever the proletarian may
turn, everywhere he discovers proletarian conditions of life and work. Proletarian conditions nre Increasingly
forced upon Society; the masses of the
population in all civilized countries
have already sunk to the proletarian
position. As far as the Individual proletarian Ib concerned the Inst prospect has long vanished of rising by his
own effort and on his own account out
of tho morass Inlo whicli the present
system of production has thrown him.
lie can only rnlse himself by raising
the entire clasB to which ho belongs. PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1911
CHILDREN OF THE POOR
By Eugene V. Debs
No fledgling feeds the father bird!
No chicken feeds the hen!
No kitten mouses for the cat—
This glory ls for men.
We   are   the   Wisest,   Strongest
Race—
Loud may our praise be sung!
The only animal alive
That lives upon its young.
—Charlotte Perkins Gllman.
The wages of vast numbers of workingmen are so small that they and
their families are reduced to the barest existence. Life means nothing to
them but hopeless struggle, which
ends only with death. Poverty is their
lot and misery their heritage. Their
sad condition ls irrevocably fixed.
They toil, skimp, worry, suffer, despair
and die. There is not much else in
the "simple annals of the poor."
The children of these workingmen,
who are poverty-stricken only because
they are exploited of what they pro
duce, come into life in an environment and under conditions that almost
Inevitably predetermine their wretched fate. Poverty ls their sole inheritance. The cottage in which they are
born, unless lt chances to be a tenement or a hovel, is limited to the necessities of existence. The walls are
bare, the bedding scant, the furniture
cheap, the food coarse, and the clothing shoddy. The most rigid economy
is self-enforced. Life is hard and hopeless here ln poverty's breeding pen.
The father returns after his day's
exhausting toil to revitalize himself
for the next day's slavish task—that
is all that home means to him. The
mother—prisoner of poverty that she
is—knows nothing of the joys of home,
the ecstasies of motherhood. She is
not a mother at all in the sense in
which that term is breathed in reverence, but only "a female that gives
birth to young."
Love is not apt to dwell long In such
a lair, if it enter here at all. And this
ls the unhappy lot of -millions of laboring people who are foredoomed to
such a bleak and barren existence,
and from which there is no escape
this side of the grave.
This" condition of penury, want and
social debasement is fixed and permanent in the existing industrial system and no amount of maudlin sympathy or patronizing philanthropy can
materially alleviate its horrors, a fact
our dilettante charity-ball performers
unwittingly confess ln their favorite
and oft-repeated scriptural injunction,
'The poor ye have always with you."
It is under these harsh and gloomy
conditions that the children of the
poor come into life and are joined to
misery at its very threshold. Denied
all that makes home the haven of
love and the abode of joy, deprived of
all the sweet influences that fill childhood with rapture, and which the memory treasures in after years like a
vanished dream, these children of the
poor are at their very birth fated to
struggle and perish among "Les Miser-
ables," the world's disinherited millions, who, robbed of their birthright,
are despised for their Infirmities and
scourged as wantons to dishonored
graves.
From the wretched habitations of
the poor the children early seek escape instead of clinging fondly to their
birthplace like fledglings to the parental nest. Under the cruel lash of
poverty they are driven out Into the
world in their childhood. There is no
time for health-giving and body-building recreation and no means for education, for culture, for mental training and moral enlightenment. They
are but the children of the poor, fit
only for menial service, which awaits
them at the cradle and drags them
in its relentless fetters to their graves.
What words can fitly describe the
life tragedy of the children of the
poor! Born to poverty, they walk ln
the darkness of ignorance, and is it
strange that some go astray? Is lt not
a miracle that all do not become vicious and depraved?
Society's doors are all closed against
them. They are but outcasts when
they are "respectable." What a melancholy paradox! Those who rob
the poor despise them.
Tho pampered parasites hold In
loathing and horror the deflowered
victims whoso ruddy life-drops glisten
in their gaudy plumage.
TheBe children of the poor flnd their
way ln increasing numbers to the
haunts of vice and shame. The darkness of the hovel and the sweat-shop
is relieved by the red light of the
slums. The children of the poor are
food for misery and crime. The vile
groggery for the boys and the house
of horror for the girls. So do millions
of the children of the poor pass
through this "Vale of Tears.'
And so it will ever be while capital-
Ism Is Buffered to rob the children of
the poor of their inheritance. Deplore
lt as you may, these aro the conditions
as they are, and only a new social
system can change them. Child labor
laws, factory Inspection laws and other remedial legislation may ameliorate in some degree the wrongs suffered
by the children of the poor, but all
such palliatives are powerless to end
them. .As long as labor Ib merchandise and production Is carried on for
profit, child labor will have preference
and the children of the poor will be
ground into luxuries for the children
of the rich.
Socialism offers absolutely the only
means   for  rescuing  the  children  ot
have been trapped by the picture
painted of the so-called independent
life of the farmer in Western Canada.
The foxes have holes, the birds have
nests, and the innumerable beasts and
little insects are clothed against the
intricacies of a rigorous climate, but
that pre-eminent being, man, must
stand and shiver before the blast,
depending upon the inhuman conscience of the industrial captains—
men of his own image—for food clothing and shelter. ShingleleBS roofs,
honey-combed wall*,, with a finishing
of Mother Earth  (gumbo), comprises
the  poor, and  slowly  but  surely  society is being pushed by the underlying' tne  dwelling  of many  and  many  of
forces that move it into the acceptance I our   *enows   Hying   the   independent
of  its  philosophy.    The  abolition  of |i(e on the  -aj.m,    inexhaustible sup-
poverty is Socialism's insistent de
mand, and this demand proclaims the
end of private property in the means
bf life.
The earth spreads out before us,
rich in its resources beyond the power
of the imagination. The inventive
genius of man has captured the lightning, snatched the thunderbolts from
the hand of Jove, and grasped all the
forces of nature and converted them
into titanic toilers for the children of
men. The earth and its riotous abundance, and man with his miraculous
productive power, scout the idea that
poverty is to forever scourge the human race. The past, in the density
of its ignorance and the night of its
superstition, may be excused. But the
living present with all its myriad available agencies for producing food,
clothing, shelter, and for the education of the children and the diffusion
of light and intelligence among the
masses, can make no such plea.
There is absolutely no excuse for
the widespread poverty that now
scourges mankind. It is an affront
i to human intelligence and an impeachment of civilization. Child labor is
not only unnecessary in this age but
a crime against both the children and
society. Every child ought to have,
and in the triumph of Socialism will
have, time enough for physical growth,
for the joy of healthy childhood, for
education, and for everything else required in a truly enlightened age for
the scientific rearing of the children,
the progenitors of succeeding generations.
It Is for this very reason tbat the
poor and the children of the poor are
turning toward Socialism in increasing
numbers all over the world. It is their
movement, born of their travail and
consecrated to their emancipation.
Millions of them are already marching
beneath its international banner and
swelling with joyous strains the anthem of their coming deliverance. To
them Socialism is as a beacon lighting
the shipwrecked mariner to his destined port. It is their sunshine and
shower, their meat and drink, their
life and hope. It sheds its radiance
ln their dingy hovels and eases the
ache in their numb and weary flesh.
The disinherited of every race and
clime are here at home. They are in
truth the people and to them of right
belongs the earth.
Socialism is their gospel of economic
freedom and social salvation. In the
name of its commanding genius they
unite in greater and greater numbers,
thousands, tens of thousands, hundreds
of thousands, millions of them, keeping step to the same proletarian heartbeat, the heart-beat of the international social conscience, their radiant
faces turned forever toward the sunrise.
These are the children of the poor
who have made the earth rich and are
now moving toward tbelr eternal inheritance.
The love of comrades is In their
hearts, the passion for freedom and
the light of victory ln their eyes. The
trials that beset their struggle but flt
them for their coming freedom
and for tbe infinitely higher life
that lies beyond and holds out
to them its eager, outstretched hands.
They move steadily as gravitation in
one direction—toward the light, the
fulfilment of their historic destiny.
The storms may beat upon them and
the lightning smite them to the earth,
but they will rise again undismayed,
pressing on and on, with all the patience of fate and all the persistence
of truth and justice.
No disappointment, however bitter,
no defeat, however crushing, can
dampen the ardor of their spirit, or
quench the fire of their enthusiasm.
All the forces of evil must yield to
their unconquerable will. All the governments and all the armed forces of
the world must recede and finally disappear before the march of these
silent battalions — these intrepid
soldiers of International peace, who
bear not the arms of sanguinary conflict, but who, armored ln the righteousness of their cause, proclaim to all
the children of the poor the glad tidings of the coming Kingdom of Peace
and Plenty over all the Earth.
THE   INDEPENDENT  FARMER.
The autumn tinted foliage has once
more found its last resting place; the
hum of the reaper has died away in
the distance; the bountiful harvest,
severely smitten by nature's forceB,
has been gathered in. Now we are
confronted by that deadly white, accompanied   by   the   cold,   cold   blast,
plies of coal, limitless material for
human protection the inanimate world
contains, but the farmer will tacitly
submit to the accursed conditions that
surround him. He may be independent of a master, but he is not independent of the rule of capital.
The banking systems of all countries are essentially the same, says
the Chicago Daily Socialist; all governments have the sole exclusive right
to coin money and fix the value thereof in theory, but in practice they have
delegated this power to a class—the
bankers.
National government issues interest
bearing bonds, then allows national
banks to deposit these bonds in tbe
national treasury, issuing to the banker the face value of the bonds in
national bank notes. These notes the
government guarantees. Practically
national bonds are purchased by the
very notes (national bank notes)
which the government issues upon
Bald bonds.
The loans made by the banks to
the people of the United States were
on September 1st $9,994,000,000. Six
times more than all the money ln
existence. Lawson several years ago
startled the world of high finance. He
coined the term "made dollars"; about
four out of every five dollars handled
by the bankers are made, 1. e., have
no existence except in the mind of
a gullible, ignorant public.
It is evident that the bulk of the
people borrowing from the banks are
farmers. The farmer must have farm
implements in order to till the soil,
and as his credit at the banks is generally entered on the wrong side of
tbe ledger, he is compelled to pay interest on machine notes deposited in
the banks. Practically the farmer payB
Interest upon money that is based Upon thin air. In many cases loans have
to be extended until grain is marketed.
It has been pointed out to the prospective farmer an example of a successful man having threshed* 10,000
bushels of wheat, having been just
so many years in the country; but the
duties to be performed by this enviable chap to get his grain to market
are hidden behind the scenes. In order to get to market this 10,000 bushels
of wheat, this independent man with
four horses taxed to their uttermost
can only handle 30 hundredweight in
a load, and being 35 miles from a railway, three days will ke required to
complete the double journey. This
so-called capitalist independent farmer,
fastened to his post like a pillar of
salt, facing wind and snow, and in
many cases a thermometer registering
30 and 40 degrees bedow zero, must
take a trip to Glasgow, Scotland, then
over to Edinburgh, thence across to
Hamburg, Germany, and south to Venice, Italy; thence to Paris, France;
then slip across to Liverpool, and back
to Athabasca Landing, in order to
get his grain to market With good
luck this poor, enviable fellow will
have his grain marketed by the month
ending May 31st, 1913.
While performing this inevitable
feat from the 1st October, 1911, until
May 31st, 1913, interest upon those
imaginary dollars must be paid. Better clothing, better shelter and better
railway facilities the multitude of
farmers Isolated from the world,
forced into the backwoods, require to
enable them to enjoy life.
Europe has six million soldiers
standing hitched ready to murder and
be murdered; added to this is the
huge army of unemployed, then there
are the capitalists themselves, that
claim work to be a living hymn ot
praise. They say: "Take away all
need for hard up-hill toll and give
a man a flowery field of ease, and
you've spoiled true manhood." Then
I the mighty host of auxiliaries hired to
protect and upholtr a system that gives
ease to the few at the expense of the
many.
Farmers to save themselves from
the iron grip must unite with their
fellow wage workers; unite their many
wills into one great common will; get
hold of the chief material means of
production, then put the above army
to work, educate them to the use of
modern tools and modern production,
make work a living hymn of praise.
When performing UBeful labor the
above will create an unlimited supply
of good clothing and shelter for everybody, build railways and arrange farming at a reasonable distance from civilization; abolish rent and interest,
eradicate the whole profit system and
place society on a proper basis.
—GEO. PATON.
ANOTHER KIND OF UNEMPLOYED
DEMONSTRATION!
Delhi, India, Dec. 12.—India's vassalage to Great Britain was again formally proclaimed to the world today
when, in the presence of 100,000 persona, representing some 300,000,000
subjects, 150 native rulers knelt in
homage to King George.
Amid scenes of barbaric pomp and
magnificence, unequalled ln the history of India, in the great arena where
Queen Victoria was proclaimed empress by Viceroy Lord Lytton In 1877,
and where King Edward was proclaimed by Viceroy Lord Curzon in 1903,
King George V, the flrst reigning British sovereign to visit the Far East,
announced his own accession to the
imperial throne.
The Oriental setting, the glitter of
the royal crowns, the gorgeous robes
and jewels of the Indian princes, the
thousands of brilliantly uniformed and
superbly disciplined troops and tbe
varl-clad host of people of hundreds
of races and creeds, combined to make
a series of tableaux of surpassing
splendor.
In order that the momentous ceremony, known as the Durbar, might be
conducted with safety, Delhi was turned Into an armed camp and from early
morning the streets of the ancient
capital of the Mogul emperors resounded with the tramp of soldiers
marching to take up their positions
along the procession route from the
royal encampment. Fifty thousand
British and native troops, under the
personal direction of General Sir
O'Moore Creagh, commander-in-chief
in India, effectively prevented any possible disorder.—Daily World.
Know Why
Socialism is Coming
Don't be a socialist unless you know why you are one. Know why
Socialism is coming. Trace the economic development of civilization
through from slavery to the present and know why socialism ia
inevitable.
Victor L. Berger says:
"A few socialist phrases is not sufficient to make f*. scientific
socialist. In order to know WHY SOCIALISM IS COMING. **-.
socialist should have an idea of evolution, he must know history,
he must know something of economic development.
We as socieUists are vlteJly Interested in the development of
civilization. History for us Is not m collection of shallow village
tales, the story of coronations, weddings and burials of kings. For
us the true lesson of history is the story of progress of mankind by
gradual steps from brutal slavery to enlightenment, culture
and humanity. •
The manner In which one system has grown out of another,
feudalism out of slavery end capitalism out of feudalism Is most
suggestive of the manner by which the Socialist Republic will
gradually develop out of the present system.
To show how the Socialist Republic will gradually develop out
of the preeent system, the Library of Original Sources has been
published.   It is a treasure mine."
The Library of Original Sources
(In the original documents—translated)
clears away the bigotry and superstition that has accumulated around religion, lawH
government- education- etc.—brings to light the naked truth and shows why socialism ia coming. This wonderful library gives the authoritative sources of knowledge
in all fields of thought—socialism philosophy, science, education, etc. The rock-bottom ,
facts which for centuries capitalist writers have deliberately kept from the people.
Thousand* of the Comrades In e-.ll parts of the United States t*r\d
Ce-.ne-.da ha.v© secured this library on our co-opere,tlve ple-.n. and
-without a single exception *xrm> enthusie-.stio over it* Letters
like these come pouring in with every mall.
Ought
John Spargo: "cTHoat helpful,
to be In every library."
Waiter Lohrentx, Wash.: "A boon to
-workingmen who have not time nor
money to get a college education."
A. M. Simonsi "Superior to encyclopedias; will be read when novels are
forgotten."
C. E. Kline, Wash.: "I am urging all
my friends to secure your great
work."
Geo. Pae, cAlberta, Can.: "just the
thing tm btJp Vir« the wheels of
progress.
Fred Warren:  "Most Important production;
Local could not make a better Investment
Arthur M. Lewis :
of my library."
The most valuable part
C. R.Oyler. Editor Enterpriser: "The best
book investment I ever made."
Jack London: "^4. library boiled J
down. I never could spare these ten jf*
volumes from my library."
Ernest Untermann "The volumes will be my most valuable
companions  this  winter-"
tf
PRICE  LIST OF  SUPPLIES.
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
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Platform   and   application   blank        ,
per 100   251
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50 (
Ditto in  Ukranian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
An "original document"  free
Telling of a popular uprising in mediaeval England,   /
and how the people got their rights.   A rare docu-  /'
ment   of greatest   interest  and  importance   to   /
Socialists. /
FREE—Send in attached coupon TODAY   /    Add----.
for free copy. '
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LITERATURE FOR SALE BY LOCAL
VANCOUVER  NO. 1.
Address J. Brightwell, 133 Water St.
Capital, by Karl Marx, 3 vols.,
each    $2.00
The Ancient Lowly, Ward, 2
vols., each     2.00
Great American Fortunes, Myers, 3 vols., each    1.50
Woman and Socialism, Bebel  1.50
Ancient Society, Morgan    1.50
Critique of Political Economy,
Marx     1.00
Principles of Scientific Socialism, Vail     1.00
Philosophical Essays, Joseph
Dletzgen  1.00
Materialistic Conception of History,  Labrlola     1.00
Love's Coming-of-Age, Edward
Carpenter    1.00
Looking Forward, Philip Rappa-
port    1.00
Positive Outcome of Philosophy,
Dietzgen     1.00
Socialism and Philosophy, Labrlola    1.00
Rise of the American Proletarian, Austin Lewis   1.00
Landmarks of Scientific Socialism,   Engels     1.00
The Republic, N. P. Anderson... 1.00
Socialism and Modern Science,
Enrico   Ferrl     1.00
The Poverty of Philosophy, Karl
Marx    1.00
Memoirs of Karl Marx, Lleb-
knecht    50
The Class Struggle, Kautsky 60
The American Farmer, A. M.
Simons    60
Origin of the Family, Engels 50
The Social Revolution, Karl
Kautsky    60
Socialism Utopian and Scientific, Engels   60
Feuerbach, Frederick Engels 60
Communist Manifesto and No
Compromise    50
The  Positive  School  of   Crimin
ology, Ferrl  	
Tho World's Revolutions, Untermann   	
Social and Philosophical Studies,  Lafargue   	
Class Struggles in America, A.
M.  Simons   ,N...	
Socialism Positive and Negative,
LaMonte 	
The Right to be Lazy and other
Studies, Lafargue  	
Revolution and Counter Revolution, Marx  	
Anarchism and Socialism, Ple-
chanoff 	
Evolution, Social and Organic,
Lewis   	
Goethe's Faust, a study, Marcus
Hitch	
Ten Blind Leaders of the Blind,
Lewis 	
Socialism, Morris and Bax  	
Vital Problems in Social Evolution, Lewis   	
The Evolution of Property, Lafargue   	
The Evolution of Man, Boelsche.
Germs of Mind in Plants, R. H.
Franee 	
The End- of the World, Meyer..
Science and Revolution, Untermann   	
The Triumph of Life, Boelsche..
Life and Death, Teichmann	
The Making of the World, Meyer
Human, All Too Human, Nietzsche   	
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Working   class   education   will   do
away  with  dynamiting as  a  method
fastening its fangs on its victims that'of class warfare.
REAL ESTATE
The West, not yet having reached the stage of intensive capitalist development. afJrr'x for the time being
opportunities for a few to escape out of wage servitude
by judicious investment, particularly in land values,
which increase as development advanct .
Judicious investments call for knowle Ige and experience, which not everyone is in a position to acquira
The benefit of knowledge and experience already acquired along these lines can be had through
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E. T. KINGSLEY
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