BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Western Clarion Jul 30, 1910

Item Metadata


JSON: wclarion-1.0318809.json
JSON-LD: wclarion-1.0318809-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): wclarion-1.0318809-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: wclarion-1.0318809-rdf.json
Turtle: wclarion-1.0318809-turtle.txt
N-Triples: wclarion-1.0318809-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: wclarion-1.0318809-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 NO. 590.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, July 30, 1910.
srsir- Sl.ll
Attracts the Attention of the Capitalists When it Threatens
and to Deplete the Supply of Wage Slaves.
Some time ago Dr. Helen Mac
Murchy was Instructed to Investigate
and report upon Infantile Mortality.
The report is now printed by the order of the C. A. of Ontario. It con.
tains  matter   sufficiently   condemna.
itory of the capitalist system and Its
results. It Is curious, too, that the
investigation has caused a number of
recommendations, which when examined clears the air. It denotes what
was the Intention of Its Initiation. It
was for the purpose of ascertaining
how far lt was possible to apply Government control. It was for the purpose of giving the master class a
greater opportunity for obtaining
stronger   and   healthier slave labor.
I For does not the learned lady doctor
[say on page 3, paragraph 4:
"And one of tbe signs of that revo-
1 lution is our altered estimate of human values, and especially of the value of childhood. Obvious as the discovery Ib, we are only now discovering
tbat empires and states are built up
of babies. Cities are dependent for
their continuance on babies. Armies
can be recruited only if and when we
have cared for our babies."
So tbe real trouble is that the ill-
nourishment of the working class
children has a tendency to; decrease
tbe physical efficiency of our class. It
lowers their standard; it causes a
decrease in stature. It causes a decrease  in   stamina.    Strong   children
I means sturdy soldiers. And what are
the military kept for but the preserva-
1 tion anl protection of property. The
capitalists who own tbe products of
the working class, control the actions of the army. They, as a property-owning class, care much more for
their property than the protection of
, life. But if at any time the commodity, labor power, goes -down below
a  certain  necessary    standard,   that
<moment brings anxiety to the owners
of the worklny class. They are bent
and determined to better what haa
been, an inevitable growth from basic
causes. Note the following statement
quoted by the "scientific" investigator:
"The National Government of the
United States spends seven million
dollars ln plant and animal health every year, and hundreds of thousands
fighting beetles and bugs, but not one
cent to aid the 6,000,000 (six million)
> babies that will die under two years
of age during the next census period,
while mothers sit by and watch in
utter helplessness."
This ls from an anti-Socialist. This
is a report asked for by the capital'
1st class. Yet some individuals would
defend that class until they were blue
In the face, If that statement were to
be repeated on a public platform. To
spend millions on the property tbey
own is only natural. The competition
for getting jobs amongst the working
class and their struggle for existence
is not a consideration of the capital
1st class at all. It vitally is one of
much importance for the workers.
The strife between the latter, causes
the master, class no concern, no
anxiety, and consequently where the
supply of labor-power is suitable to
tbe owners of the means of production, they will do nothing to "assist"
that class.* If they can spend millions
on beetles and bugs which destroy
their property, how ls it that another
kind of property—the working class—
who are owned body and strol by the
capitalist class, is not attended to?
Why, because the latter cost much
less for reproduction. The propagation of the species of their own kind
1b an easy matter. It is the working
class who bear most children. It ls
they who provide the important factor in production of commodities.
Sympathetic attitude between slaves,
* the humdrum life, the miserable conditions tbey live under causes an exercise of certain passions resulting in
the flooding of the population into industrial centres and a consequent lowering of the real wage of the working
Infantile mortality results from no
Other reason tban tbe ta<;t thut bad
conditions, bad food, unhealthy quarters and surroundings exist. They'exist because the working class are exploited and robbed by the possessors
of the means of life. Were a condl
tlon existent where the producers
owned their products, the bountiful-
ness of nature would secure to all
members of society a sufficient qusn-
tity of tbe necessaries of life. It is
because there Is an absolute lack of
those means to-day that produces tbe
Infantile mortality so rampant to-day.
It is not by tinkering with legislative
enactments in the way ot "Feeding ot
Children," "State Maintenance," but
control of the whole means of Government that anything can be done,
The capitalist class first make Investigation then proceed to institute enactments to enable them to "force up"
the standard of physique. The effort
by the capitalist class of England te
lower the standard of height in order
to fill up the ranks of Its army. The
factory system has made far more
misery and more deaths than all
diseases that can be enumerated. The
industrial towns in all countries show
the massacre of the children. In On.
tario there was an increase in infantile mortality from 128.22 per 1000 in
1898, to 162.54 per 1000 in 1906. These
are from deaths of children under one
year of age. In Toronto the deat rate
was 196 per 1000, or nearly 20 per
cent. In Berlin Dr. Newman investigated 2700 deaths, of which 1792 died
in one-room dwellings. In the U. S. A.
the death rate of children was 161 per
1000 ln the cities and 109 in the coun.
try districts. In England, among
the aristocrats, the death rate
under the first year was 10 per cent.
In the middle class 21 per cent. In
the working class 32 per cent.
Taxing one of the tables In the re
port we find that (1) rural districts;
(2) five mining counties (3) three
large towns, the death rate per 1000
was as follows:
(1)        (2)       (3)
At birth   273        331       382
At 3 months  75        154       240
At  6  months     61        128       180
It ls evident that where the mother
can give any attention to her child
there is a greater healthiness resulting. But the mothers cannot give that
attention In large industrial centres
They have to work. That, because
they have to Increase the family wage.
It causes, too, a decrease in the men's
wages. Women's competition with men
men and boys and girls competing
with women, cause a fall ln the real
wage of the working class members.
That, then, necessitates the lessening
of the amount of the good things es-
ential to a healthy life. It produces
poverty. Poverty means starvation.
Starvation means death. And It Is
starvation Itself, clothed many times
In medical phrases, that causes infan.
tile mortality.
The capitalts class will see to it that
If these deaths among the children,
has a tendency to lower their profit,
they'll attend to it. They'll feed the
kids. They'll feed the women, they'll
feed everything and anything so long
as lt Is consistent with their interests. So be not deluded with the specious effort of the capitalist agents
It is not the reform of conditions that
concern the Socialist, that Is the work
of the capitalist who sees the necessity ot acting to side track any possl.
ble depletion of hlB profits. So they
cause an Investigation to be held. We
peruse it—and wonder how long the
workers are going to be fooled by the
Hereafter Address
Western Clarion
Dominion Ex.
B. C. Executive
instead of Box
For .those who believe in the Con-.
sumption-Robbery Theory, the circulation of commodities, in its normal
state, is an exchange of equivalents.
Hence, behind all the attempts to represent the circulation of commodl-s
ties as a source of surplus value, there
lurks a quid pro quo, a mlxing-up of
use-value and exchange-value. Marx;
Capital;   Vol. 1, page 177.
Carlyle says that a people can be'
known by their heroes. Roosevelt ls
a great hero. He sanctioned the Alton
Steal. He labeled Moyer, Haywood,
and Pettibone undesirable citizens
when their lives were hanging in the
balance, thus, to all intents and pur-;
poses, attempting to railroad them to
a sphere where they would be desirable—to him. He bawled out "liar" in
all directions, when hts motives and actions are questioned. And hie heroically shot a poor, lone devil of a Span,
lard in the back on San Juan Hill.
Roosevelt is a great Capitalist hero.
He ls rampant Capitalism incarnated.
We will leave you to draw your own
inference of Capitalism's "people."
A Russian politician says, "The people should be kept tn ignorance as a
safe-guard against revolution. Ignorance leads to obedience." How obedient are you?
The Bahal religion ls a Persian
movement for the religious unification
of the whole world, and has millions
of followers In India, Russia, Persia,
and America. Religion you see, isstill
Man must master his own'social environment, before he can hope to successfully grapple with the "Riddle of
the Universe." Capitalism wastes
too many colossal brains in self-aggrandisement.
The Socialist position Ib distinguished from all others by the Class Struggle.
The separation of "use-value" from
"exchange value," which begins with
barter, had to be an .accomplished
fact before Capitalism could enter the
breach;   but lt has the "breeches" on.
"Nature does not produce on the
one side owners of money or commo
dities; and on the other, men possessing "nothing but their own labor-
power." Marx. So don't blame nature for your trials, troubles and tribulations. Get off in a corner with
a copy of Marx "Capital," and try and
settle the muddy matter ln your upper
In Homer's opinion, man has a spirit
which survives death, and abides In
the meadows of Asphodil, and the halls
of Hades, among the strengthless
heads of the Dead. Now you know
what to expect when you shuffle off
this mortal coll. Of course, if you are
a Stwash, you will go to tbe Happy
Hunting Grounds. If a Christian, you
can sneak over the pearly gates when
Saint Peter Isn't looking. And if a
Scandinavian, you will get a show ln
Valhalla. Of course, these things depend on how you "Trust and obey, for
there Is no. other way."
The Capitalists are full of Incentive.
They vie with one another as to who
can dispense with the greatest number of their workmen and replace
them by machinery. Since the population of this earth ls increasing, and
the displacement of the workers by
machinery is also increasing, hence we
also have an increasing "unemployed
problem." What's your incentive, Mr.
Working Man?
The characters who appear upon the
economic stage are but the personifications of the economic relations that
exist between them. It ls useless, then,
to blame special individuals, or groups
of individuals, as the Anarchists do,
for your miserable condition. These
men are only products of their environments, natural and economic. Tbe
moral then ls: change the environment.
The hollow  leader but betrays the
hollow dupes who heed him;
The hollow critic vends his praise
to hollow fools who feed him;
The hollow friend who takes your
hand, ls but a summer swallow;
Whate'er I see  Is like this tree,—
all hollow, hollow, hoHow!
So quit  your  "hollering,"  and  get
down and dig.
L "City,'' but Blissfully Ignorant of the Fact That it Owes Us
Existence Solely to the Requirements of C.P.% 'Profit.
Comrade Slave,—It is my intention
to write you about this here town, telling you .my impressions. If I happened to be a Woodyard Kipling or someone else with a handle to their name
I would no doubt start off by telling
you of the beautiful scenery, of the
colossal mountains standing guard on
the horizon, venerable cloud peaked
monsters clad ln their coat of silvery
snow, reflecting the bright divine-given
sunlight down upon this prospering,
law abiding city of 4,000 souls. But
being only an ordinary "nut splitter"
(which is Greek for machinist) I will
start off in a different way altogether.
This town is on the main line of the
C. P. R. and is of necessity populated
by 4,000 (not souls) but slaves.   I say
"What is a man, if his chief good
and market of his time be but to sleep
and feed? A beast, no more."—Hamlet.
Shakespeare did not add, and to
work. No doubt he thought that a
man that only slept and worked, was
lower than a beast; yet that Is what
the majority of the working class do,
that and nothing more. They are living worse than hogs, and the majority
are bo crushed by the hoggish way in
which they live that they have not
manhood enough to want a better life.
In what condition Is the wageworker,
even In this time of prosperity? How
does he eat and how does he sleep?
He cats not at the Royal Alexandra,
but at Alexander Avenue! Quite a
difference, I can assure you. At the
first named the cheapest meal is one
dollar, at the second the dearest is
fifteen cents. Fancy a man that
chews ln a fifteen cent dump, having
the gall to stride into a polling booth
and mark his ballot for his master.
Fifteen cents a meal! Just think of
it! The kind of truck one gets there
can be just first-class rubbish and
that's all. Prime "sow belly" for
pork. Tuberculosis cow for beef.
Aged sheep for mutton. Bakers'
spoils for bread. Asslnlbolne skimmings for butter, etc., etc. The British objects that line up on Alexander
Avenue at the noon hour are Indeed a
sorry, down at heel looking bunch.
And just think of it, this ragtail
bunch, brimful of "bow belly" and
sour beans. Think their interests
identlcakwlth, and vote the same ticket as, the well dressed dudes that pick
their teeth while on the marble steps
or under a palm tree ln the rotunda
of the Royal Alexandra?
Then their sleeping dumps—they
certainly are great joints. A one-
dollar a week room ln vermin Infested dens ln the centre of the city, or
a st!l| cheater rocr.i on 'h° outcklrt*'.,
or possibly outside of the city limits.
If living in the last named, he spends
a good part of his evening trying to
beat his way home on a street car,
so as to save the all important nickel.
Living in such conditions one would
naturally think the weakest would revolt. But no, we find thousands voting and shouting for their masters.
Truly they must be beaBts and nothing
If they live In such a way when in
the time of prosperity, how will they
live when the next crisis comes?
That's a problem they will have to
solve, and I hope they gel it good and
plenty before they arrive at the solution. Some say that theBe men wlll
think through their stomachs. Well,
I think that its time they did, for no
decent stomach would stand the trash
they eat and not revolt. Fancy a man
thinking through a stomach that wlll
contentedly absorb a fifteen cent meal
—It's Impossible. These men will
never think at. all. They wlll have to
die off so as not to hinder the progress
of Socialism. They are condemned to
death already. Poor creatures, condemned to death and they have not.
yet lived.
Winnipeg, Man.
Socialism is a conscious endeavor
to substitute organized co-operation
for existence in place of the present
anarchical competition for existence,
or the system of social organization
calculated to bring this about. This
definition, though it gives, perhaps,
adequate expression to the active and
practical side of Socialism, leaves out
of account altogether Its theoretical
baBls. From this point of view, Socialism is an attempt to lay the
foundation of a real science of sociology, which shall enable mankind, by
ihorongMy  urderptcndlng  their   pfl!»l
and present, to comprehend, and thus,
within limits, to control the movement
and development ot their own society
in the near future. Consequently Socialism in Its wide sense ls not, as is
still commonly thought, a mere aspiration for a-better state of society, still
less only a series of proposals to mitigate the evils arising from tbe present
social arrangements,
Modern scientific Socialism essays
to give an intelligible explanation of
the growth of human society, and to
show that as each step In the long
course of development from the institution of private property, through
chattel slavery, serfdom, and wage
dom, waa Inevitable, so the next step
from capitalism to Socialism is also
The object which Socialists have in
view is that this, the final transformation, should be made consciously by an
organized, educated, and Intelligent
people, Instead of unconsciously, and
therefore tempestuously, by groups of
discontented, embittered, and ignorant workers. Agitation against the
injustice of the present system of production, therefore, is only valuable
so far as it educates men and women
to appreciate the tendency of the
time, and leads them to organize for
the attainment of the definite end
which the evolution of economic
forms has made ready. Whether the
great change will be brought about
peaceably or forcibly has no bearing
upon Socialism In itself, but depends
upon the stage of development which
has been reached In each civilized
country, and the attitude which the
dominant class may adopt ln relation
to the demands which the economic
situation impels the producing class
to make.   .   .   .
With the establishment of national
and eventually of International Social.
Ism, mankind resumes the definite
control over the means and Instruments of production, and mastem
them henceforward for all time in.
stead of being mastered by them.   By Realise they cannot make the mite do!
of necessity because tbe C. P. R| requires more than coal and water at m
divisional point in order that the train*
may continue journeying on. They require labor power, and right here ts
where they keep a good supply. Of
course tbe citizens'of this burg dont
like to be called slaves. I know this
from experience. They like to tell yoa
of "their" city, which to destined to
become tbe center of a great fruit
country. Well, this might be true, but
I doubt it, although I haven't been here
long enough to give it tbe lie; but I
saw a fellow the other day working oa
hla farm and he wasn't raising fruit
either he was raising stumps, and although he waa using dynamite in the
process, it looked to me aa If he bad a
whole lot of savage amusement ahead
of bim.
Prosperity is conspicuous everywhere by its absence; there is not a
dozen buildings in town worthy of the
name of structures, the most of them,
especially the slaves sleeping quarters,
are nothing more than shacks; of,
course they vary in size, but conditions
in all are practically tbe same. It's a
toss up whether to live in a one-roomed
shack, with a bed ln one corner, a table in another, a stove In another and
in the fourth a framed verse ending
with "God Bless Our Home," or on
the other hand to rent a large structure and again re-rent It to roomers,
being compelled to live in the cellar
yourself. (Of course I always believe
a person when they tell me they do
this because they like company.
Like every other town, this place has
its quota of little business men, and
many of them like to boast of their independence, and glory in the fact that
they don't have to run when tt-ey hear
the shop whistle. But it tickles me to
death to note that their places of business are always open several hours
later on the days when the directly employed slaves get their monthly allowance.
A couple of months ago the pay
checks were delayed a few days which
was of course the cause of a lot of
grumbling, and right up in the front
row of the growlers was this little
bunch of independent business men.
Why they were making so many anxious inquiries, I perhaps can't tell, as
they claim to be so independent of the
C. P. R.
And, Oh my, but these little business men are a thorn In the side of
the directly employed slave who Is
continuously howling about how he Is
being robbed at the point of consumption by this so-called local capitalist
class. Of course this is a misconception of the true state of affairs as the
slaves have no more cause to worry over the price of their food, clothing and
shelter than a horse has over the price
of oats. But we find It so ull along
the line.    Everyone is raising a kick
such co-operative ;lndustry, whose
power over nature is Increased by
each fresh invention and discovery, a
carapace of repression is lifted from
the faculties of each individual, and
wealth being made as plentiful as
water by light, wholesome labor, all
freely contribute to Increase their own
happiness aa well an that of their fellows. Human nature assumes a new
and higher character in a society in
which the surroundings are such that
life is not, as to-day, a constant Btrug.
gle against the pressure of want and
the temptations of misery. Instead of
the personal, limitel Introspective, individual etblc is the social, altruistic
broad ethic in which the duty toward
society necessarily involves the highest duty toward a man's self. Woman, relieved of economic and social
subjugation, will assume her place as
the  social  equal of man.
So far, therefore, from Individual
initiative and personal freedom in the
highest sense being limited and stunted, human beings will have the opportunity for attaining to a level of physical, moral, and mental development
such as the world bas never seen.
The golden age of society ls, Indeed,
not ln the past, but In the future.—
II. il. Hyndn-nn.
ed out to them circumvent their wants.
The little retailer is being kicked by
the fellow under and he In his turn Is
kicking the wholesaler. Again tho
whilesaler pilnts the finger of accusa-
tilu at the railroads. Tbe local representatives of the rallroalB are accusing the city council and they in
their turn say it Is the mall order
houses. One and all are trying to find
a reason or excuse why prosperity does
not reign amongst the slaves.
There is a sucker born every minute
and he is disappointed if you don't
catch him, and how long the bunch in
this part of the country are M'ing to
be fooled by the writings and speeches
of the capitalist class and their hirelings, Gou alone knows, und his chief
asset Is silence. When wlll they per-
calve tbat the railroad which they seem
to now look upon as a benevolent Institution is nothing more than u limb
of the great octopus, capital, which
stretches Itself to the utmost parts of
the earth, sucking the suprlus vnlun
from the wealth-producers; that profit
is its only god, that human life Is ihe
cheapest thing it owns; and that it
looks upon this town, as It n ally is,
nothing more or less than a boarding
camp for C. P. R. Blaves.
SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1910.
Published crery Saturday hy the
Ssclali-it Party at Canada, at the OHlce
■at the Western Clarion, Flack Blsck
Basement, 156 Hastings Street, Vancou-
T«r, B. C.
4140 Per Yiar, SO costs far Biz Months,
SS orata for Three Months.
■tttotly la Advane*.
Bundles  of  S   or  more  copies,   for
Mftod" of not leim than three m.nthn, at
MM rate of one coat per copy per Issue.
Jt-hrertlsiac rates on application.
If yau receive  this  paper,  It ls  paid
la making remittance ky cheque, ex-
ahaac* must be added. Address all
aaaununlcatlons and make all money
ettart  payable to
Box 1SS8 Vanconver, B. C,
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1910.
During recent years the olfactories
"Of decent people have been frequently
assailed with the nauseating stench
arising from the stirring of the cesspool of capitalist civilization by the
""muck-rakers" in search of choice bits
-of sensationalism te make interesting
the columns of yellow journalism
Some of this "muck-raking" has undoubtedly been prompted by the worthy motive of attempting, by thorough
-exposure of capitalist rottenness, to
incorporate a higher ethical and moral
standard into the business life of this
glorious era of capitalist rapacity and
working-class servility.
The various exposures of rascality
and fraud as practised in the modern
business world has rudely shocked the
fine spun ethical and moral sense of
many among us. Insurance, railway,
amalgamated copper, beef trust, and
various government exposures and
scandals filled us with unholy horror,
at leaBt temporarily. But these were
soon forgotten. Even the shivers that.
■cavorted up and down our spines at
.the thought of having partaken of the
arotten products of the Packingtown
meat concern, as exposed in Sinclair's
""Jungle," have long since ceased to
^cavort, and we again consider pal-
-ateable the toothsome "bob-veal" and
■other .delicacies ranging from canned
•.floor sweepings, and dead rats to pastry shortened with lard made from a
happy combination of hogs that died
an route, and working plugs who care-
■essly though happily fell into the lard
cauldron at the opportune moment to
swell the output, thereby swelling the
j-roflt of the Industry.
But enough of this. The incidents
•disclosed by the "muck-rakers" so far
pale into insignificance as compared
to the danger that now looms upon
the capitalist horizon. That danger
"lies ln the very marked "racial deterioration," both moral and physical,
that is strongly in evidence in every
capitalist country on earth.-"The capitalist authorities of the various countries view with alarm the physical and
moral deterioration of their slaves, as
a class. On several occasions they
have been forced to lower the standard of military availability in order
tto secure the necessary quota of cutthroats (soldiers) to maintain the cap.
italist regime. And the worst is yet
ito come.
A recent writer in the Medical Record says: "Now our cities, congested
■with people, are producing a physical-
*.ly and mentally Inferior stock at so
rapid a rate that tbe average ability
and capability of the whole community are being lowered." He goes on to
"-say that the situation In Europe has
'.reached a very acute stage. The safety-valve of emigration that used to
.afford the means of getting rid of undesirables is no longer in proper work-
ting order, owing to the fact that neith-
%er the United States nor Canada will
"longer admit this human riff-raff that
JSJurope Ib bo anxious to get rid of.
The most alarming feature of the
■whole problem lies in the fact that
the "most prolific urban Inhabitants
care, generally speaking, wretchedly
.poor, and not infrequently vicious and
criminal." As our "better classes" are
snot prolific breeders, while the "low-
-2r classes," the physically and mentally degenerate, the vicious and criminal, breed prolifically, it would look
-as though our boasted civilization
•might be eventually destroyed by the
.•human rats lt has brought forth in
such overwhelming number.
The writer above referred to asks:
***What is to be done to stay this form
"it propagation of tho human species,
<•«■, perhaps, rather what steps shall
\it taken to uplift tho masses?"
The question ls by no means dim-
■jult to answer. Capitalism breeds in-
■/ertlle aristocrats and prolific plebt-
anB, both physical and moral degen-
-.orates.    Capitalism spells slavery for
the workers. Slavery is a crime
against all that is good and noble in
humankind, Being a crime, it can
only breed evil results. Tho. race will
perish if this fundamental crime of
human slavery continues. That the
race is perishing is proven by the
very fact of "face deterioration" so
loudly declaimed against by undisputed authorities today. If the human
race is to survive and lift itself to
higher civilization, the rule of capital must be broken and the working-
class come into its own; the absolute
mastery of Its own means of life.
All there is of good in present civilization lies in the working-class. No
matter how great the economic pressure brought to bear upon it by capitalist rule, that good will survive and
come out triumphant. The rule of cap.
Ital will be broken and a halt called
to that "racial deterioration" that is
now so alarming our ruling class.
That the working-class will survive
the ordeal of capitalist exploitation is
evidenced by the tendency to prolific
breeding referred to by the writer
mentioned. This is, in itself, an evidence of its fitness to survive, and
the law of the "survival of the fittest"
has the sanction of the capitalist class.
Roosevelt should have saved himself the trouble of advocating the rearing of large families. Nature looks
out for these things, regardless of the
advice or opinion of individuals. That
which is fit to survive will do so even
If it be necessary to Increase and multiply indefinitely.
Capitalism may well scent ■ danger
In the tendency to "racial deterioration" under its rule. It is a sign that
the end of that rule ls well within
sight. K.
ing of production below which smaller
capital cannot go. The smaller cap
Italists succumb in the competitive
struggle, and in the hands of the
large tliere mobilizes a corresponding
ly greater economic power. The huge
economic organizations of capitalists
therefore, represent the orderly, effl
dent and economical opeation of the
gigantic machinery of modern Indus
try, so lhat the owers may realize
tile best possible results from it,
The struggle for existence in the
field of production and distribution has
been as fierce among capitalists as
could be desired. The stronger have
survived, the weaker have been
crushed. Their relative strength has
been measured by their relative pow
to produce cheaply. The success of
any capitalist concern depends upon
its ability to place Its products upon
the market at a lower price than Its
competitors. Therein lies the power
of the economic organizations of capital.
While it is, perhaps, true that in
some instances the actions of .the
workers may have hastened the build
ing up of such economic organizations
of capitalists, and that agreements
have at times been made whereby capitalist concerns have stood together
for the purpose of withstanding the
demands of the workerB, as a general
rule these huge concerns have grown
up out of the straggle among capitalists for the control of economic power,
and quite independently of the working class, or Its action. That they
have been purposely created as a
huge conspiracy against labor is rather an erroneous idea, although such appears to be entertained by many well-
meaning persons.
If those who jump to the coclusion
that it is necessary for the workers,
who have no command of economic
power, to form economic organizations just because the capitalists do so, would only tell us how such
a performance is possible under the
circumstances, we would feel grateful
indeed. With no control of the factors of wealth production how are the
workers to effect economic rganlza-
tion? What is economic organization
if it be not organized wealth production? Is not wealth production so efficiently and powerfully organized today that the world's market is at all
times abundantly supplied with all
needful things?
If, perchance, the workers should
be able to set up an "economic organization in spite of the fact that they
have no control of economic power,
what are they to do with the thing
once they get it? Are they to follow
(Reproduced from the Western Clarion-of March 4, 1905, for the benefit
of "industrial" fanatics and other
mental dyspeptics.)
Make no mistake, the organiation of
the working class must be both economic and political. The capitalist
class is organied upon both lines. You
must attack itNon both.—Exchange.
It is sometimes safe to jump to a
conclusion and again it is not. If a
person's feet were suddenly knocked
from under him he might safely conclude that he would speedily hit the
ground in quite an unpleasant manner. In thus jumping to such a conclusion he could not be far out lu his
reckoning because the facts relative
to the phenomenon known as the law
of gravitation are so simple, so self-
evident, that no amount of reasoning,
however sophistical, could lead to any
other conclusion.      When    Columbus ln the -eoto-eps   of their    capitalist
proosed, by sailing out into the Western Ocean, to eventually arrive at the
eastern edge of the then known world,
upon the theory that the earth was
round, the wiseacres of his time jumped to the conclusion, that, even were
his theory correct, once he sailed down
the watery hill he would be unable
to sail up again. But there were
many things relating to the structure
and habits of terrestrial bodies unknown to the wiseacres, and though
they laughed him to scorn, the daring
brethren by using their organized eco.
nomic power to crush their competi
tors in the struggle for the sale of
the commodity labor power? Should
such economic' organization be used
for the purpose of reducing the cost of
production of labor power to the lowest possible limit and thus driving less
well-equipped producers out of business altogether? To be sure such a
proposition would cause a howl of protest from the camp of labor, but it is
an indisputable fact that it ls the only
navigator's  theory was proven to be method .,he caP-ttl'-8t-> were ever »Me
a truth.   In thus hastily jumping to a t0 dev,se tnat coultI -«>ccessfully cope
conclusion the wiseacres only succeeded in hopelessly floundering in
the quagmire of their own ignorance.
Too often is this the case with mortal
man, even unto this day, in dealing
with matters that appear at first
glance quite as simple and self-evident
as did the theory that the earth was
flat, to the people of Columbus' time.
It would be far better for all concerned were a little reasoning expended ln learning how to avoid a
quagmire, rather than to expend volumes of energy ln floundering in it.
Now as to the economic organization of the capitalist and the conclusion jumped to that a counter organization of workers must be set up for
the purpose of fighting lt. The eco.
nomic organization of the capitalist expresses Itself In the form of the modern corporations and which ln turn are
often bound together through agreements or by virtue of the fact that
ownership of a number of such concerns is vested largely in the same
individual capitalists. Tbe petty eco.
nomic power of the one-time Individual capitalist has been merged into
the combined economic power of a
group of capitalists. This concentration of capital has been made In obedl.
ence to the requirements of the ever-
increasing magnitude and power of
the machinery of production. As the
machine has become more gigantic,
complicated and powerful, It has
forced the massing of greaer capital
and the organization of a larger army
ot workers under one management, in
order that it might be economically
operated and the owners thus be enabled to obtain the greatest possible
benefits from its operation. It Is only
by such huge combinations of capital
that the gigantic machinery of production could be handled under the present system of ownership, and the own- j
ers be ln a position to withstand the
assaults of other capitalists. In the
struggle going on in the economic
field among capitalists, the victory
lies with thoBe who control the largest masses of capital. As gigantic capital Implies a large and efficiently organized army of laborers, lt still further implies a corresponding cheapen-
with the problem of fitting, a large
number of capitalists into a limited
number of jobs as labor skinners.
They have occasionally tried to solve
the problem by burning down or blowing up each others factories, but were
always compelled to fall back upon
the old, time-tried method of competing each other out of business.
Just how the workers are to fit a large
number of labor "sklnnees" Into a
limited number of places ln which to
be skinned—Jobs—by ay other process has not yet been adequately explained.
The massing of economic power under the control of gigantic corporations effects the desired purpose of
eliminating waste by sloughing superfluous capitalists into the ranks of
wage-earners, thus ending their capitalist career. But the same method
of procedure does not bring about the
same result when the attempt Ib made
by the woking people to adopt lt. Superfluous workers cannot so easily be
disposed of. Tbere ls no lower economic strata into which they can be
forced, and they quite stubbornly re.
fuse to be sloughed out of existence.
The marvelously effective industrial
power of capitalist concerns comes
into their hands as a logical result of
the growth and development of the
tools and methods of production, and
the more perfect organization of industry necessary. Capitalist Industries are
engaged in producing commodities, out
of the production and sale of which a
surplus value, or profit, may be realized. Hence when a sufficient volume
of economic power has been massed
under one management to enable It to
crush its competitors, the price of Its
commodities becomes normal and
steady, thus allowing the maximum
stream of revenue to flow Into its coffers. The aping of capitalist methods
in the matter of economic organization
by the workers must eventually lead
to disaster for several reasons. In the
first place they possess no command
of wealth production, therefore, have
nothing to organize along such lines,
that can be of any lasting effect
against the enormous economic power
of the capitalists.
Superfluous workers cannot he competed out of existence by the stronger
ones without the latter at the same
time, practically destroying themselves j
hy losing all the advantages they had|
hoped to gain. And even could thei
superfluous labor be coijured out of
existence, that remaining would still
he lnsubjectlon to the total mass of
economic power controlled by the capitalists. The workers would still be
involuntarily producing a commodity
(labor power) over the production of
which they had no control, and which
they would still be forced to turn over
to the not over-tender mercies of the
labor market. They would still be
economic bound slaves of capital.
Government is the means used by
the masters of wealth production (eco-
nomice power) to hold the workers ln
wage-bondage. Its mission Is to justify with the stamp of legality the
right of Ihe capitalists to own the
means of wealth production, thus securing to them sole control of economic power. That the present system of property In the means of
wealth production should continue, all
capitalists are agreed, no matter how
fierce the struggle may be between
them for possession of points of van.
tage under it.
The economic organization of capitalists is a necessary part of the process
of bringing the Industrial efficiency of
labor to the highest standard, therefore making It possible to produce a
maximum of wealth with a minimum
of effort. It is, therefore, In line with
human progress and should, under no
circumstances, be fought. That the
working class to redeem Itself from
its present wage-bondage must flrst
obtain mastery over the means of
wealth production is beyond question.
That to obtain this entails successful
political warfare by the workers,
against their present economic rulers,
the capitalist class, for the purpose of
stripping that class of its power to
longer legalize and defend its control
of the means of wealth production, is
equally true.
The conquest of the public powers
by the working class ls a task demanding the undivided attention and most
earnest efforts of every member of
that class.
Energy expended In trying to convert impossible economic dreams
into available revolutionary as-
sts, or to batter down the walls
of capitalist Jericho by the blowing of
Imaginary economic "soap bubbles,"
Is wasted to labor's cause, and "only
tends to prolong the hour of Its agony'
by delaying the time of its deliverance
from the thraldom of capitalist exploitation.
By the exercise of our reasoning
faculties we should be able to avoid
floundering into quagmires, dreaming
impossible dreams, or blowing useless
Socialist Directory
Every locul of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a curd under this
head. $1.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.
Socialist Purty of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. I'. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box igss, Vancouver, n. c.
lOxeclltlve Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Sorfallst Party of Can-
uda. Meets every alternate Monday lu
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllce. Secretary wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement In the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 617 Calgary,
Propaganda and business meetings at
8 p. m. every Sunday evening In the
Edison Panor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are Invited to attend. B. F. Dayman, Secretary.
LOCAL   LADYSMITH   NO.   10,  8.  P.  of
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
J.   H.  Burrough,  Box   31,  Ladysmlth,
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. ln McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
LOCAL BOSSLAND, NO. 25, 8. P. Of C, ,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at 1
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O.l
Box 674. Rossland Finnish branch |
meets In Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at I
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box!
765 Rossland.
tlve Committee. Meets first and third
Tuesdays ln the month at 12 1-2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring Information about the movement in Manitoba, or who wishes to
join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebblngs,
Sec, 316 Good  St., Winnipeg.
tive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secr.e-
tary, Box 481, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOOAL   VANCOUVER,   E.   <*.,   No.   45,
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688. i
LOOAL   VANCOUVBB,   B.    C,    No.      1
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 151
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Wm.
LOOAL  NELSON,  8.  P.   of a,  MEETS!
every Friday evening at 8 p. m., Inl
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Aus-|
tin, Secy.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at SI
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block!
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). dull
and Reading Room. Labor Hall, f
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Mac-'
donald,   Organizer,   Box   647.
P. of C„ meets every tlrst and third]
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Halll
J. OUphant, Secretary.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     S|
Miners'   Hall  and   Opera  House at
p.m.    Everybody welcome to call. H. J|
Smith, Secy.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
523 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Orand Tlieatre. R.
Thomas, Secretary.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,   NO.  8,   8.  P.  Of  O.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box 826.
LOOAL   FEBNIE,   8.   P.   of   O.   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernie, every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business
meeting llrst Sunday in each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
meets every Sunday in Miners' Union
Hall at 7:30 p. m. Business meetings,
1st and 3rd Sundays of eacli month.
George Heatherton, Organizer; R. J.
Campbell, Secretary, Box 124.
LOCAL VEBNON, B. O, 38, 8. P. Of C,
meets every seoond and last Friday in
each month. Chas. Chaney, Sec, Box
127   Vernon,  B.   C.
S. P. of 0.—Meets every Sunday in
hall in Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m.   L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
C, meets every Sunday/ In Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. ni. Socialist speakers
are Invited to call, V. Frodsham, Secretary.
Editor Clarion.
Dear Comrade:—The Manitoba Elections are over, and though the fight
between the workers and the shirkers Ib still going on, we are resting
from the strife for a shprt while.
While resting we have time to review the events of the past few
months, and In the review of this little skirmish with the capitalists we
have good cause for rejoicing. Not
only did we poll a good vote, but we
dealt Puttee a good blow. Puttee
surely got it "ln the neck," as both
of his pals were beaten at the polls.
That weird aggregation known as
the "Labor Party" received its quietus
on the 11th of July and I guess we will
hear little of it in the future.
When the Single Tax Party married the old Labor Party we thought
that something was in the air. But
this child of theirs, the Manitoba Labor, Liberal Single Tax, any old crank
party, must be another case of the Immaculate conception; Puttee, political
pimp and spineless animal though he
Is, could not have gathered such an
Puttee, with the aid of his rag,
showed himself as a great contortionist, supporting the Conservative Party
ln North Winnipeg and denouncing
them as rogues in Centre Winnipeg.
He showed his true colors this election
all right. There was nothing too mean
or dirty for him where his masters'
interests were at stake. Talk about
prostitution, the most degraded woman
that ever prostituted her sex ls as
white as snow in comparison with this
Puttee claims Dixon's 1934 votes aa
a moral victory for Labor. One would
think from that that the Labor Party
polled all the votes and that the Liberal Party were in the woods on election day. If he were to deduct the
Liberal vote from the 1934 cattle that
voted for Dixon he would not And
many left for his crank friend. The
official Liberal in 1907 polled 113
more votes than Dixon in 1910. It ls
evident that the accession of the Single Tax Labor crowd to the Liberal
Party was not a very valuably one for
the Liberals. I doubt if the Liberal
Party will assist the Labor Party financially, or morally al the next election; In the face of events it doeB not
pay. /
The Labor crowd are sore because
we beat their man. They have no
cause to get sore, we are out for the
special   purpose  of  putting  all  such
LOOAL MABA, B. O., NO. 34, 8. P. Of C,
Meets flrst Sunday In every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Rosoman,  Recording Secretary.
P. of C. Hearquartera 622 First St.I
Business and propaganda meeting*
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp]
Our Reading Room ls open to the pub-1
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily!
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secre-^
tary. Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourth's
St., Organizer.
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide!
Street, opposite Roblln Hotel. Busl-r
ness meeting every Sunday morning]
11 a.m. propaganda meeting Sunday!
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.!
Secretary, J. W. Hilling, 270 Youngl
OP C.    Business   meetings  2nd  and I
4th   Wednesdavs   in   the   month,   all
the Labor Temple, Church St.    Out-|
door propaganda meetings, Saturduy,
S p.m.. City Hall; Sunday afternoon, I
3 p.m., at University and Queen St.:
Sunday night, 8 p.m., at Shuter and]
Yonge   St.     Speakers'    Class   every 1
Thursday,  8  p.m..  at Ht«dquart«n,
78    Church    Bt.    Secretary,    Arthur I
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOOAL   COBALT,   No.   S,   8.   P.   of   O. I
Propaganda    and    business    meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. in Miners'
Mall.     Everybody   invited   to   attend. I
M.   J.   Gorman,   Box   446,   Financial
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   P.   Of  O. j
Business    meeting     1st    Sunday    ln I
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8  p.m. ln Robert- l
Allan Hall, 78 Rldeau St.    The usual i
weekly    inside   propaganda    meetings I
discontinued   during  summer  months.
H.  S.  Oldham,   Secretary,   123  Drum-
mond St.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office ln D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. building. Union
BFST in B.C.-        cio/vBS-
fakes out of business. If they think
they would like to try their strength
again, let them do it at next election.
We will be in the ring, and everywhere
they nominate, we will put some one
too; and I guess whenever the cranks
get Into a battle with us they will have
their hands full. We don't anticipate
much more trouble from that crowd as
their sole object in running candidates
is to get a man elected, and they will
soon realize tbat wherever the Socialists are in the field that the cranks
will stand no chance of election, so
they wlll give it up as a bad Job.
Yours ln the scrap,
Winnipeg, Man.
On his way west through the Crows
Nest pass Organizer Desmond stayed
here for about 10 days and held several successful street meetings, circulated a good quantity of pamphlets and
Clarions, had the police butting ln a
couple of times (no blood split) on
small pretence because he had bigger
crowds than the Salvation Army, at
any rate when he was compelled to
move on it would about double his audience. Com. Desmond is a dandy on
the soap box in his brand new suit
(please note, you fellows that are looking for dates) and the way he deals
out dope for a couple of hours at the
time is not slow, and the questions usually lasted for an hour after meeting.
While here he succeeded in reorgan- '
izlng the local which has been edfunct
since last election. More power to his
elbow. Any camps between here and
the Coast whether organized or not will
profit by being on the lookout for him.
L N.
Comrade Editor,—I find my sub. has
run out so enclose one dollar for renewal.   Please send   back   numbers.
I had heard a lot of talk of Prosperity tn sunny Alta., but with wages
going down and cost of living going up,
it already looks as if some of the wage-
slaves will be up against lt this winter,
especially some of those who were
tlced by the emigration agencies to
come west and make a fortune. The
condition of life ln the camps can be
Judged, and also the labor market,
from the fact that the largest grading
outfit ln this country, some1 1400 men,
run three gangs, one working, one going, one coming. "Go get your time,"
rolls out and the slave mart hi Calgary does a thriving business.
Yours in revolt,
Gleichen, Alta.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o*Clock
Vancouver B. C.
J SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1910.
Tb'-* Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
*Mr. D. G. McKenzie,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrade.—Your communication to hand and contents noted, owing
to the forms for report being mislaid I
am enclosing you the semi-annual report of the auditing committee.
The bills were laid over for consideration at our next meeting as it has
been understood that the' bundle and
ad- has been carried by the Miners'
The Local has unanimously endorsed
the proposition of holding referendum
on the legality of the proceedings of
the Ontario Convention held In Toronto May 24th.
There is no local more desirous of
maintaining its affiliation with and upholding the clearcut, uncompromising
program of the Socialist Party of Canada. But thre is a well grounded opinion that if we are going to be Socialists
at all we must stand for tbe fullest
measure of democracy within the party. The past and regrettable controversy has emphasized the fact that we
have no. time for such disputes and
we think that the call for a convention
and the selection of a new seat for the
Executive Board should offer sufficient
reason for the-party at large recognizing the autonomy ot this Province
in that,matter..      .    .
I am, yours for the Social Revolution
* W. N. WELSH,
Local No. 9.
(It may be of interest to recall that
Local Cobalt No. 9, S. P. of C.
moved for the abolition of the Ontario
Local Cobalt No. 9 Socialist Party of
Financial report for half year ending
June 30th, 1910.
Belance on hand Jan. 1st $7.97
Dues 45.00
Initiations  5.50
Literature  21.60
Donations 12.00
Miscellaneous  17.15
camel's back.    It   was    amusing   to
watch those hybrids squirm.
The Winnipeg English speaking
Local is as fine a bunch of Comrades
as I Know of. The way they drill each
other would , at first acquaintance,
appear to be extremely cruel. Even
the she comrades are not spared.
They have about sixteen speakers who
are eager to meet the enemy any time
and any place. I wish Calgary, Edmonton and some other Locals would drill
each other ln like manner.
During the last few years there has
been much written regarding the necessity or otherwise of old-age pensions, and the hard lot of the aged
worker has afforded subject matter
for innumerable speeches by Liberal
politicians. After utilizing this Issue
for  electioneering purposes  for  over
20  years,  the  Liberals  were  at  last
forced by their fear of the rising tide ,"s"d;ivmg the toilers "into the'ranks "of"
places of the younger men If they
should demand higher wages or better
Children are introduced into the
factories to do work which does not
require much skill because they' can
be had for the lower wages, being
partly supported by their parents.
And these children put to work at a
tender age, before their bodies have
formed and hardened, in their turn
become "too old" long before they have
reached the age of forty.
Bnt If the men of forty are too old
to work they are not too old to vote.
There ls no "too old" limit at the ballot
box. And the continual Impoverishment and Increasing unemployment
which accompany modern industrial
changes will only lead many men of
the working-clasB to cease to vote for
the Liberal and Conservative Parties,
and will cause them to vote for the
party of their class, to cast their ballots for the Socialist Party which
stands for the establishment of a social
system under which the means of production will be the collective property
of all the people.
The day when the workers of the
whole' world will have awakened to
the consciousness of their common
interests as opposed to the interests of
the Capitalists of all countries cannot
be far off; the development of international trusts and syndicates with
their brutal methods  of exploitation
Total  109.22
Stamps  $17.50
Literature   17.84
Donations  11.00
Miscellaneous  45.19
Total 91.03
Balance on hand $18.19
Stamps on hand June 30th 40
Stamps purchased luring half year. 175
Members in good standing June 30th 25
Invitations during half year 22
W. *•*!. WELSH,
Auditing Com
The Winnipeg comrades who are at
all times good propagandists were
very busy while the provincial elec-
tiona were on. The number of speeches and the amount of literature sold
and distributed must have started a
large number of slaves on the straight
and only direct path to freedom from
wage slavery and the rule of capital.
Our comrades have to contend with
the cheapest bunch of low, cunning
political tricksters that I know of. In
spite of tbe fact that this bunch has
been operating in Winnipeg for a number of years tbey still catch some
suckers. Twice they have been successful in electing a candidate fto
offlce; ln each case the elected has
shown himself to be an old party man
in disguise. The flrst case Is well
known. The second Ib now Alderman Shore. He was elected ln North
Winnipeg, a working class district
Knowing the history of Number One,
and many similar cases outside ol
Winnipeg, yet some professing Socialists were foolish enough to work hard
to get Shore elected. In the late provincial elections the Socialists were
the first to nominate a candidate ln
North Winnipeg. Did Shore support
him? Not on your life. He went Into
the Conservatives convention and
helped to nominate that candidate.
These tricksters who call themselves the Labor Party only nominated one candidate, that was in central
The Liberals did not oppose him
but used their press and other means
to support the "Labor" Candidate
which was proof tbat he was merely
a Liberal in disguise.
In Bpite of the fact that we were
exposing this Labor Party at all our
meetings, yet many still ..nought the
Labor and Socialist Parties must be
closely related, as the Labor Party did
**¥not have candidates in the districts
where the Socialists were running and
the Socialists did not have a candidate
in the districts where the Labor candidate was running. So our comrades
decided to go the limit by placing a
Socialist candidate in Central Winnipeg.   That Ib the act that broke the
of Socialism to Introduce their petti
fogging Act which only dealt with the
fringe of the question. The hypocrlcy
of Liberalism was made manifest in a
striking manner when Mr. Asqulth
claimed that the Old Age Pensions'
Act had palced "half a million old folks
entirely beyond the reach of pecuniary anxiety and care." Think of it!
Placed beyond the reach of pecuniary
anxiety on 5s. a week! ; Were the
Liberals really in sympathy with the
Just claims of the old folk of the working-class, they would certainly have
fixed the pension at a figure that
would enable them to pass the rest of
their days in security and comfort.
But for the bulk of the working-
class, with the age limit fixed at 70,
the question of old-age pensions must
be a matter of academic rather than
practical interest. Under the stress
and strain of modern industrial conditions most of the workers have gone
to their graves long before they have
reached that age. The Registrar-
General's Report of 1897 shows that
only 6 out of every 1,000 railway
engine drivers and stokers reach the
age of 65; the figures for a few other
classes of workers being:—Clerks, 15
per 1,000; coal miners, 18 per 1,000;
bakers, 32 per 1,000.
For most of the workers, the fear
by which they are immediately faced
is that they may be discharged at
about 40 years of age, after their employers have squeezed the best of
their active years into dividends, and
finding themselves in a crowded labor-
market, be met with the reply, when
endeavouring to secure employment,
"that they are too old at 40." Indeed,
In many industries a man has no
chance even before he has reached
that age. At the Great Eastern Railway
the right time.   It is hoped he will at
Works at Stratford and in many other tract the attention of the movement un
When the Socialist cause—has
triumphed, the workers will not bo
driven to premature old age for the
profits of Capitalists. Then the old
man who has given the labor of his
earlier years to society will be supported, respected and honoured by
society. Then work will be made so
easy and hours so short and good
health so universal, that the oldest
man wlll probably consider it a pleasure to the last to perform some share
of the nation's work.—The New World.
Mr. Tom Mann has just returned to
England from Australia after a sojourn of some eight and a half years
in the latter country. The Social De
mocratlc Party and the I. L. P. welcome him as'a Savior, for Tom is one
of the old brigade and he comes at an
opportune moment; all Is not well
with these organizations at tho present
time. The workers in the old countiy
are aware of the uselessness of the
Labor Party. They, the Labor Party,
stand convicted by open fac 3 of the
grossest treachery and all the fig
leaves that 'Viscount' Maedonald and
'Archbishop' Snowden can gather from
the dictionary cannot conceal their
nakedness any longer from their dupes.
The S. D. P. has committed suicide.
Hyndman, Quelch and others have
taught Marxian Economics but the policy of their party and themselves has
often been In open contradiction lo
their teaching, and the result ls that
the rank and file are ripe for revolt
and the leaders are at their wit's end
trying to devise ways and means to
avert, the storm.    Tom comes just ac
ficient, while most never get beyond
the capacity of a hatter;  but when the
head swells beyond the power of the
basket maker,  then the light of our
intellect must blaze forth.   Accordingly
Mr.  Mann  has  not returned  without
a plan.   It is to convert us to 'a kind
ot unionism' known as industrial unionism.   Now that is the best of knowing that the Thames is not made of inflammable material—who knows what
silly mistake he might have made but
.for this saving information.   But industrial unionism sounds rather familiar.   There was 'a kind of unionism,'
or midsummer madnesB,   came   over
from America a few years since.    It
seized upon  the  blind and halt and
unstable In the working class political
movement and swept them into the obscure asylum of Anarchism—which seldom relinquishes a victim.   Can it be
that the same malady is coming back
to us the other way round the world?
Say, Mr. Mann, have you the mystic
I. W. W. stdwed away in you baggage?
I'll think about Tariff Reform with a
vengeance if you have."
The Socialist Party of Great Britain
has been but six years in existence. It
has advanced steadily, fighting as
straight as a die every step of the
way. We in Canada can expect to see
a stampede into that organization In
the near future. Reports from every
part of the old country show that at
last the workers are rousing themselves. Mr. Tom Mann will find thousands of the rank and file better informed than himself. The teaching of the
lively little Standard is at last about to
bear fruit; from I. L. Plsm, S. D. Pism
and I. W. WIsm the class conscious
section of the proletariat of the old
country are turning to the policy advocated by the Socialist . Party of
Great Britain and Tom Mann's return
will help things along.
But that's not Tom's fault anyhow,
lt Is a sign however that things are
moving faster than we realise. A few
years ago when Tom used to talk about
what the Independent Labor, Party
would accomplish, those of us who had
not assimilated the gospel of economic
salvation gasped with horror at his revolutionary utterances and proposals
and now in this short time we look
back and realise that both he, his party and his policy are back numbers.
The army of the right has marched
so far beyond them as to leave them
for ever behind. LESTOrt.
shops throughout the country no man
ls taken on whose age is more than
Uuder the existing industrial system,
with the means of producing wealth
privately owned by the Capitalist
Class, and this class thereby having
the power to say whether the working-
til the stench that arose after the last
general election has blown away.
Tom Mann once fought the Colne
Velley constituency and it is said that
it was owing to Tom's earlier work
that Victor Grayson was enabled to
win that division in 1907. Tom bad
sown the seed and Victor reaped the
man shall be allowed to work or not, harvest.   Victor lost bis seat at the
and the power to dictate  the terms last election    because the people   of
Colne Valley a>-e not Socialists
upon which he is permitted to labor,
lt ls Just as natural and inevitable that
many workingmen have their youthful
energy worked out of tbem by the time
they are thirty-five, as it is natural
and inevitable that wben they are no
longer as profitable as younger men
they are cast out to starve or subsist
on charity.
All those who admit tbe right of the
Capitalists to own the factories, railways and other means of production
for their own private profit, thereby
admit the right of the Capitalist to say
who shall have the privilege of working. Ownership and power inevitably
go together.
By the Intensification of labor which
has followed the Introduction of machinery, by the speeding up and bonus
systems which competition has developed, the workingman Is worn out
and run down before middle age; while
the Capitalist, unless he destroys himself by excessive luxury and fast liv-
lng.ls in well preserved physical and
mental prime to an advanced age;
thus there is no age limit for company
directors, for instance four, of the
directors of the Great Eastern Railway
are over 70 years of age.
By the use of machinery, by the concentration Of industry, and by the relative contractions ot the world
market, an immense army of unemployed workerB Ib created; always at
hand for the employer to choose his
wage-slaves from, so he picks out the
best, the youngest and strongest, those
who stand the hardest pace; and the
elder men, after giving the best part of
their lives to useful labor, and although still fully able to do more than
their fair share of the world's work
if it were Justly distributed, are cast
out on the human rubbish heap, of no
use to the Capitalist except as an industrial   reserve  eager   to   take   the
The Colne Valley Socialist League was
formed previous to the I. L. P. and as
it has recently severed its connection
with the latter body there are signs
that real educational work may soon
start in that locality, though lt ls to be
hoped that the Colne Valley comrades
will stick to William Gee rather than
to Tom Mann.
If recent reports are true Tom goes
back with less knowledge than when
he left. He has laid the law down to
the comrades ln South Africa in regular Rooseveltlan style and be is now
an Industrial Unionist.
The Socialist Standard for July refers to an article in the Manchester
Guardian in which Tom says that all
attempts at remedial legislation resorted to by the Australian Governments
are useless, and after pointing out tbat
the S. P. of Great Britain has always
pointed this out concludes: "We argue
for the general principle that labor-
power is a commodity subject to the
commodity laws, to the conclusion that, therefore, questions of
wages are beyond wages boards
and the like; Mr. Mann argues that
as in practice these institutions are
not any good we must be right. So the
same conclusion being reached by all
roads and methods, our contention that
these reforms at least are useles- to
the workers reaches the alti'ide of
scientific verity. Mr. Mann being still
a foo-Solomon of wisdom, is already
again attending the school of experience upon learning bent. Of course,
being so long In an inverted position,
it ls natural that the increased flow of
blood to his head should have resulted
in a considerable growth of that bulbl-
form vegetable. Such circumstances
make it unreasonable to expect him to
hide his light under a buBhel. For
some of ua of course a pill box is suf-
Dear Comrades.—I have been Instructed by above local to Inform you
that the following resolution was carried unanimously at our last meeting.
That we, the Comrades of the Winnipeg Local No. 1 S. P. of C. endorse the
action of the Dominion Executive in
the action taken with reference to the
Ontario trouble and furthermore that
we have full confidence in the Dominion Executive.
Comrades present, 27.
. To Gourock.
I am more than satisfied at your
reply to mine in 582. There are a few
curious statements and these must be
queried at once. You say In 586, "I
think you had better read, or re-read
the constitutions and platforms of the
C. G. T. and of the I. W. W."
Let me reply, that I made no reference whatever to the I. W. W. anent
political action in that paragraph.
Nor did I say that the I. W. W. were
anarchists in that specific article. In
order to try and gain a point you put
something (to suit your purposes) in
my mouth that I did not utter. Try
again and read carefully next time,
what I do write.
Assuming your statement is accurate, that as an organization they are
attached to no political party (meaning this time the C. G. T. of France).
'Individually they may and do." Therein lies one of the chief points against
that method of organization. The organization as an organization are opposed to political action, though any
unit of such organization may and do,
belong to some political body. You
see, whilst ln the "economic" organization you contrive to oppose the master class, you can (and are at liberty
to) vote for him on the political field.
It is well known that during the various conventions held by the I. W. W.,
many delegates who have repudiated all
politics say "We come here not as Liberal and Tory (or their U. S. A. equivalents) but as working men." A member of the Liberal and Tory parties, a
member of the I. L. P. and S. D. P.
can belong to the Industrial union."
Now, as to the C. G. T. of France
recognizing the French "Socialist"
party or vice versa as a "working
class party." It simply gives additional testimony to my previous contention. The French "Socialist" party are
merely mlddleclass and not revolutionary. Not being revolutionary they are
not and cannot be, a working class
party. The only feature about the C.
G. T. of France has been Its boasting and bragging. It licks the Yankees
ln that respect. Just a few years back
(1906 It was) there was the usual issuance of "revolutionary" proclamations. I saw Paris placarded from end
to end. The government sent In the
"Garde de Paris." They arrested the
leaders first.    The strike and  power
of the economic organization was
smashed. The number of strikes successful in that year was only 7 per
cent.; for the previous 10 years the
success was just double—14 per cent.
Tbe membership declined in every
Take for example the failure of the
last 3 or 4 years. Even the leaders of
the C. G. T. of France, have admitted
the futility of it all. Jouget Grlffeulkes
and Luke each in turn have lamented
over the position.   The latter said:
"What the proletariat wants IS results, i.e., real reforms. It has come
to the conclusion that for realization
and preservation of such leforms
strong organizations are necessary."
There's a revolutionary cuiturist if
you like! Is that the stuff that is going to do it? But I think' sufficient
has been said on that point.
Your second contention was about
my being tickled about you being with
your faction, Inside a factory with a
battery of artillery outside. You say
my ideas are too local." Are they,
really? Why, "Gourock?" Could you
be inside two factories at once? You
say 'suppose we held all factories."
Yes, a very nice supposition! What are
you going to do with them. Are you
going to eat wood and iron and coal
or what ? An army crawls oa its
stomach. Sure it does? You ask me
"How long would your army last without supplies?" If there were no supplies it would not last long, I admit.
But don't you know that ln England
there ls always sufficient provisions to
last both the army and navy 6 months.
The capitalist sees to that. Their
storehouses and warehouses are defended by force of arms. Really,
"Gourock," would the workers have
any, chance? One decent maxim gun
would mow down you and all your undoubtedly sincere but misguided supporters. Just you think the matter out.
Read the "Social General Strike" by
Arnold Roller. He is generally deemed the ablest exponent of "direct action."   He saysr
it Is evident in such a struggle the
ruling class would pay no sentimental
regard to law and would simply Bieze
the provisions of the proletariat for
themselves and their army."
The working class would not be able
to withstand lt for 3 days. Force of
arms would make them work, If not
the necessity of food.
Do you thina you have obliterated
the rays of your searchlight. I don't
believe in the infallibility of any one
not even Marx, yet in bo far that science and commonsense are on his side
I am prepared to stand by what he
indicates as truth. The point Is, however, that unless they (the workers)
follow on the lines he laid down they
will be led into an ambush by men like
I agree that Politics are a reflex of
the Industrial conditions. That does
not prove It accurate. The capitalist
class are dominant because they can
enforce their rule.
If "Economic" power has not always
been dominant. In order to obtain
full freedom the capitalist class invaded the "rights" of the landed aristocracy and obtained the political control. Economic dominance cannot be
obtained in its full sense until you
control the political machinery. The
control of the political machinery is
essential flrst, because it gives you the
chance of acting In your own interest.
The working class cannot, could not
and cannot hold out, without they had
the political power first. So "Gourock"
whilst I am always open to reason, I
fear you wlll never convert me until
you adduce stronger arguments than
these of your last contribution. Still,
I am glad you are striving to get information. I believe I have supplied
I. J.. Hlgglns.
I say, Ed., I am somewhat busy now.
But I want to say this. Will my above
satisfy you. I fear you have got into
a loose way lately. Do you remember
that day you met me In Philadelphia
when I flrst arrived from England at
'Xmas 1908? Do you forget that It was
I who was knocking you for remaining
ln the S. P. of the U. S. A. Did I not
bang at you constantly? Did I not get
you to leave the S. P.? Is It possible
I may have the same Influence upon
you If you think again? Remember I
made you send a sub. to the Clarion,
didn't I? Send one or two more, Ed.
It would be fine .for you to let some
of those chaps at 1305 Arch read this
paper. They would then use their
brains against you in a sensible talking
match instead of acting the brutes
when they hit you and young Fraina
last year. If those Philay S. P. chaps
have no better argument that tbe flrst,
I at least have a little hope for your
mental emancipation.
Listen, Ed, I think you are wrong
in being and acting as you do now.
But those freaks who so disgracefully
attacked you are objects of greater
pity. Never mind, Ed, I knocked the
silly reform dope out of you. I took
to you from the first minute I met you.
I could see you were a man. The other
lot, well they do get the Western Clarion. It may yet show them what a
curious position they are In. The disagreement will be continued by letters
which, if you are not satisfied, can be
published In the Clarion. Don't forget
that your subscription for the Socialist
Standard runs out next month.
eXere and Tfow
By Spes.
When blundering around from one
Local to another, there came to my
ears many objections to the Clarion,
some of which are as follows:
It ls too scientific and does not appeal to the working class.
It Is too coarse and appeals to the
laborer rather than tbe middle or educated classes.
It has too much personal abuse and
makes out tbe Capitalist to be a rogue,
Instead of attacking the system.
It should attack the Capitalist more
and show the workers what a scoundrel he really is.
It does not give enough news so that
the workers can tell what goes on In
the different parliaments. It gives too
much parliamentary dope.
It is too autocratic and does not allow enough free discussion.
There ls altogether too much argument for good propaganda, etc., etc.
These have been submitted to the
Editor who promises to remedy them
as soon as the excitement which is
to be expected around the Millennium,
has somewhat subsided.
e   •   •
The Vancouver Dally Province
(chiefly noted for being prblished
across from the Clarion office), was to
be heard whining this week about
the methods of the striking city employees, who had the temerity to go on
strike for an eight hour day at thirty-
five cents an hour, without consulting
any interest hut their own. The Province ls annoyed because these men
did not submit their demands ln the
regular way, and through proper channels. It calls them "Ignorant
foreigners who do not understand the sacred rights of am
employer." Perhaps the Province Is
right. The "Sacred rights" of an employer Is to get the greatest amount of
work done at the lowest cost, with consequently the largest profit to himself.
Anything that tends to increase his
expenses is a sacrilege. Particularly
is this so when that increase, ls in the
price of labor power. It ls, however,
posible for workmen to make ^"demands" without bumping their heads
against the sacred privilege, providing
it is done through the "proper channels." That ls, through the ponderous
machinery of Trades Unionism. This
is quite respectable because lt gives
the employer lots of time to get plenty
of labor power on hand ready for the
"ignorance" of any ordinary purveyor
of commodities by endeavoring to take
advantage of a favorable market, without warning and waiting for the purchaser to get his supply from some
place else. When ail workers realize
that a "sacred right" is merely the
right to gain from their sweat, they
will cease selling their labor power,
and will use it for themselves. It ls
the business of the Province to keep
them from so doing.
Wm. Lees, Strathcona, Alta, changes
his address, and sends the names of
four candidates for a mental changing.
• •   •
F. Hyatt, St. Johns, N. B., sends for
three doses as a sure cure for opportunist itch.
»   •   •
If you don't take tbe Clarion ln
Calgary, you are behind the times.
Burgess is responsible, he gets four
this time.
• •   •
Gribble says he rose from the dead.
He brought five along with him from
Toronto who will get over being dead
when the Clarion gets through.
• •   •
C. Routcliffe also digs up two in
• • •
Fo'c'stle  Barrister sends  a  list of
four, who, he says, "thirst for economic knowledge, and don't mind paying
a dollar each."
• •   •
The Ontario list grows faster than
ever.   Three by Herbert A. Fogal.
• •  e
Jas. Rintoul, Websters Corners, renews and tallies one besides.
• •   •
The sub. list ls a barometer of the
whereabouts of the O'Brien whirlwind.
He sends in three and a bundle order.
• •   •
The salmon are running but not like
the singles.
F. S. Faulkner, La Moile, Oil. E.
E. Geer, Gelchen, Alta.; Kansas City
Socialist; Geo. W. Roberts, Western
Ont.; A. Dohble, Leduc, Alta.; Miss
Ada Trisker, Edmonton, Alta.; .1. Stewart, Toronto, Ont.; Robert Gardiner,
North Battlefield, Sask.; J. Lyons, Ottawa, Ont.; T. Machln, Calgary, Alta.;
Jack Place, Nanaimo; Paul Schulte,
and Jno. Jackson, Vancouver.
Com. J. B. Osborne "regrets to report" that his troubles with the Immigration department are over, and
that he has free admission to any part
of Canada. He ls now bound fo>- Frisco
but will lie back this way In September
and would like some dates to speak
British Columbia. Locals wishing
dates should write this office now. tour
SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1910.
The Gilt is off
the Gingerbread
For two months now a vast flood of
Immigration has taken place to this
country. The press owned by the
master-claBB has been singing one long
song of praise about It So loud a
noise have they made, that every
worker has heard it, and the different
opinions, and remarks on the subject
are most peculiar and funny.
I have read before of the "thousands
that are coming to these shores," but
I have never really had the fact thrust
upon me bo much as just lately.
When right alongside you men are
started from all over Europe, you begin to watch the effects of wage- slavery upon the new-comers in their new
When In the union to which you belong you meet men who have been
driven from tbe land they like the
best, with a keen Interest you watch
them, just to see, if what you went
through, will effect them likewise.
Filled with high hopes, with a desire
to gain a place In this new country,
where the troubles that beset them in
the old land will fail to reach them,
they buckle to tbe task of work with
a zeal and energy, that the press tells
no lie, when it says, "The. class of
Immigrant now coming In is a good
Just; now trade being brisk and that
awful, but so necessary thing,
work, being pretty plentiful, tbe new-
arival sees visions, ot himself the proud
possessor of hundreds of dollars, going
home to the old land again, "just to
tell them how it is done you know." I
have met so many now like that, and
when I suggest it wlll be a cattle-boat
for them, they don't seem to like it,
but it is wonderful what a change time
It takes quite a little while for some
of tbe delusions of the newly arrived
to be rudely scattered far and wide.
Everything being strange to him, if
he does not settle down to things pretty swift, he soon finds that even in
Canada the master is not so eager for
his brain and brawn as he imagined.
One other thing comes home to him
somewhat forcibly, when out of work.
In the land he has come from, some
relation or other, or some friend was
usually to be found who would help
bim out, but not so here ln the place
he boards, or rooms, all goes well if
the dollars are coming, but trouble is
the only thing he usually gets, if no
master can be found, or even if he
wants to loaf a bit.
The wages he receives, before he got
them seemed just great. Before that
pay-envelope comes along, he has reckoned how much he will get in the
old form of coinage he has been used
to. He reckons it all out so much for
board, so much for spending in enjoying himself, bo much for the bank.
About one pay, and he begins to
doubt about being able to bank much,
and as he finds out the different
prices he has to pay to make up
the ordinary standard of living, his
face begins to lengthen, and when
maybe he talks on the subject, his language is rather forcible.
Hearing that he can get more wages
elsewhere he quits the job, and after
spending what he has saved, he finds
another one. By this time, he tells himself he will have to look after himself,
and work good and steady.
The fact is, that the gilt is ofT the
gingerbread, he realizes the. fact that
he will be fortunate If he Is allowed
to work, and as time goes on he finds
that this Eldorado he has come to,
means heart-breaking and back-break]
Ing toll, and In recompense for this,
Just enough on the average to keep him
in health and strength.
Sometimes the experience is a tougher one, but it is never much smoother.
This Ib actual fact I am about to
give you, a skilled mechanic, out of
work in Toronto wrote in answer to
advertisement for men of his trade to
an employer in the province of Ontario,
this was the answer he received:
This is an actual fact I am about to
give you of a skilled mechanic out of
work In Toronto who wrote ln answer
to an advertisement for men of his
trade to am employer in the province
of Ontario. This was the answer he
Dear Sir:—Your favor of the 5th to
hand.   I have said 1 would not hire any
tempting oifer, what generosity, what
consideration, what gall, and mark you
all of the capitalists are the same, but
they do not show their hand bo plain,
this particular one is no worse and no
better than tbe rest.
In society to-day there are two classes, you Immigrant, belong to one, the
working class, and the benefactor?
ln the. above letter belongs to another
the master-class or capitalist class.
This master-class own the tools you
must use in order to produce wealth,
for you have no tools of your own, so
you have to sell them your skill of
hand and brain, in other words you sell
yourself, and deliver up to tbem all
enough to keep you In fit working condition, you are a slave, and your class
Is a slave class.
Don't get hot over the above letter
any more, slaves are treated with contempt, and they are very plentiful, and
very cheap to-day.
Don't let that "Englishmen and Canadian" bluff worrry you. Your nationality does not count for much. Any
slave willing to be satisfied with the
above terms can work; and be robbed.
(Let us all sing "Tbe Maple Leaf Forever." In this British colony you
thought you bad some special privileges, forget lt, you have none, and
you surely expected to be welcomed
with open arms. So you will be it
you accept the terms. Be contented,
work hard, dive on as little and as
cheap as you can, and you will be
the best kind of immigrant who ever
trod on Canadian soil or any other.
But if you have got any real grit
in you, when you hear a Socialist talk.
Ing, find out what he means. It wlll
be kind of strange, but you will be
getting used to strange things by this
time. Get some Socialist literature,
study it, and then take a hand in 'the
movement that means for your class
I have met lots of new arrivals, who
only want telling what ls the matter.
Big, strong, discontented slaves will
make fine comrades, and tbey are. listening, when the system gets its work
in, these men are ours. Some stay
East, and many go West, but go where
they will, their masters await them.
Wherever they are there must we be
also, so let us bend our energies to
capture the newly arrived, and so carry ourselves nearer to the end of
Yours lii revolt,
more Englishmen, and prefer Canadians, however, I am willing that you
should take a place here, If lt satisfies
you. I have found they are too fond
of roving, not content to stay in one
place. We pay from $1.50 (one dollar
fifty) to $2.00 (two dollars) a day, and
can offer steady work to the right men.
160 here In this village is equal to
$2.00 or better In a city, and $2.00 Ib as
good as $2.75. Living here is much
lower. If you care to come, come at
once, and let me know by return of
Yours truly,	
•   •   •
Now, then, as the Socialist sees it.
Say  1s that not  beautiful?    What  a
The capitalist class to-day have control of the education of the worker's
children. Our youngsters have placed
over them a set of more or less "educated" Individuals, who, trained to the
idea that capitalism is all that is good
and noble, too often succeed in drilling
into their charges' minds the same
fallacious notion. So our children
leave school obsessed with the idea
that capitalism is a system in which
the good and virtuous youth is sure to
find wealth, happiness and honorable
place, If virtue be combined with industry and meekness.
The discerning young worker who
is compelled to obtain a livelihood ln
the factory or workshop. Boon finds
that the capitalist system is not what
it is made to appear. He finds himself
in a world of constant warfare—not
only between class and class, but
between his fellow worker and himself; a warfare in which he Is compelled to engage ln order to get and
keep a job.
He has been told of the dignity of
labor and the certainty of rising to an
honorable place If only he applies himself Btudiously to his work. He finds,
however, instead of a field-marshal's
baton ln his knapsack, a key to the
workhouse, and instead of welcome ln
the field of labor, he Is received with
indifference by the employers and with
jealousy by his fellow employees.
And he further finds that In the
factory, as in all other stations of life,
the reward of virtue is too often the
workhouse or the gutter.
The orthodox anti-Socialist talks
much of the "reward of ability" under
capitalism, and of the absence of Incentive that would result from the
abolition  of   poverty.
In the factory and workshop the
worker Ib faced with the knowledge
that the more he produces the worse
il is for him and his class, that should
he Introduce methods Increasing the
productivity of his own and his fellows' labor, Increased unemployment
must result.
Who reaps the reward of the inventive genius of the worker? Is it the
working class or the.class that own
the means of wealth production?
Professor Thorold Rogers says:
"In 1495 the peasant could provision
his family for twelve months by 15
weeks of ordinary work while an ar-
tlzan could achieve the same result
in ten weeks.      In 1533 :he ivtce of
wheat was, relatively speaking, high,
and in this case the farm laborer
would have to give nearly double to
make a provision as his ancestor did
in 1495, while the artizan would have
to give between 14 and 15 weeks work
for a similar store. The flrst year is
an exceedingly cheap one, the latter,
the less advantageous to the laborer,
is one in which he still might be able
to maintain his family and lay by a
considerable margin from the charges
of his household, from a quarter to a
half of bis earnings."
How many laborers ln 1910, with all
the 'labor saving" machinery, with all
the modern improvements in agriculture and manufacture, can lay by from
a quarter to a half of their wages after meeting the expenses of the household? How many in the best of a
modern "good times" can maintain
themselves and their families with ten
weeks work a year?
Charles Booth tells us that 30 per
cent, of the population of London are
continually on or below the poverty
line, while Thorold Rogers says tbat in
the 13th and 14th centuries there was
demand for labor winter and summer
on the above quoted conditions, that
the laborer ln harvest time received
the same wages as the artizan, and
that the wages of the women workers
were only a little less than those of
the men.
Today, with all the increased productivity of labor, the working class—
the producers of all the wealth of
society—are in such a condition of
poverty and wretchedness that they
are compelled to apply to the charity
of the shirkers for doles, for the crust
of bread and the basin of soup by the
aid of which to eke out a miserable
How does this compare with the
time mentioned by Thorold Rogers?
Arb the conditions of the workers-
lives altered for the better? Those
who know aught of their conditions
then and now, know that they are
immeasurably worse ln the present
Miss Jones, who according to the
Dally News (2.4.10) Is "a well known
Yorkshire Factory inspector," reports:
"Married women in West Riding of
Yorkshire, ln addition to bearing tbe
children and caring for the home, are
often compelled partly and sometimes
wholly to support their family. In a
number of cases which came under our
notice the wives work all day in the
mill and on their return, tidy the home,
baking and washing for the family.
Many do not retire till midnight, rising
again early ln order to provide for a
mid-day meal before going to work.
In the dinner hour they quickly return, prepare the meal, serve the husband and children, swallowing their
food far too hurriedly and again hasten
back to work. Their lives often appear to be little better than those of
Elaves, and many at 45 are broken-
down women and prematurely aged.
If a community is to be judged by the
status of its women, here certainly
the condition of the working women
reminds one of coolie women in India,
or those of many of the African tribes
where women are more or less beasts
of burden."
In face of the above, which could
be backed by dozens of other reports
from all over the country, you are
told of tbe enormous Increase of
wealth under this, "our" free trade
Every Improvement in the capitalist
machine adds to the wealth of the Idle
class, and adds also the the misery
of the toilers.
And those who have been instrumental in inventing the means whereby
the capitalist class have obtained this
enormous wealth—how have they
Those who, according to tbe auti-So-
clalist, are entitled to the reward of
their ability; who have devoted their
lives to the perfection of the ■-•apltal-
ist profit-grinding machine, are they
revelling In luxury or end ng their
days in poverty?
The capitalist concern Is not run on
the principle of love and honor, neither does the conscious worker toil for
the love of work or the benefit of society. "The real and effectual discipline which Is exerclnsed over a
workman," says Adam Smith, "is not
that of his corporation, but of his
customers. It is the fear of losing
his employment which restrains his
frauds and corrects his negligence."
He is compelled to work by fear of
starvation, and to work hard by the
fear of the sack.
Take, as an example of the reward
given to the men of ability, the case
of those who have produced the finest
works of art under conditions that
would have driven mad the sweating
bully who today we are told is the
captain of Industry; the possessor of
that mystic power, "directive ability."
Look through the lives of Milton, Dry-
den, Steele, Goldsmith, Fielding, Savage, Chatterton, Spencer, Marx, Cervantes, and scores of others who have
enriched society with their art and
learning and you will see how private
enterprise has rewarded them.
Today the inventor is robbed of the
fruits of his labor just as tbe laborer
Is robbed of the wealth he produces.
While the present system of society
ls allowed to last and a few Individuals are permitted to monopolise the
wealth of society and hold the tools of
production .j the •.'etrimt-nt or those
who use them and produce that
wealth; while the workers are content
that a few shall dominate them, so
long will the workers vegetate amid
sordid and unhealthy conditions. So
long as they are willing to leave their
destiny, their lives, at the disposal
of a master class, so long will they
be compelled to toll that others may
enjoy; so long will they use their
overworked brain and muscle that
others may lie in the lap of luxury and
When the workers recognise their
true position as wage-slaves, when
they recognise, as we do, that they
must organize to fight the capitalist
class; when, by forcing their tired
brains to study the history of their
class, they learn the true nature of the
problems that surround them, they
will welcome Socialists and organize
to overturn this system of society
which allows a class of Idle parasites
to live upon their product.
Then and only then shall the good
things of life, the results of labor, of
genius and of ability, be enjoyed by
those who assist in any way In their
T. W. L.
In the Socialist Standard.
The poor Ignorant savage ventured
to put a few questions to the pious
missionary who wished to save him
from his benighted condition, and to
confer upon him the benefits of civilization.
"You say that I should work?"
"Yes, certainly, my good brother.
Satan finds evil for idle hands to do!"
"Who is Satan, sir?"
"He ls the devil."
"Does he live In your country, then?"
"Alas, my sinful friend, he lives everywhere," said the Good Man.
Well, he's never done me any
harm," said the savage, "so I think I'd
better stay as I am."
"No, no," cried the Good Man, "Your
life of idleness Is wicked."
"Do all the people work ln your country?" asked the savage.
"Work hard?"
"Um, er, most of them."
"And are all of those who work hard
quite happy?"
"Er, no," replied the missionary hesitatingly.
'Why is that?"
'Well, you see, there is a great
deal of poverty," the Good Man explained.
What! among those who work
hard?" asked the poor savage in surprise.
Yes, it is Indeed so," admitted the
Good Man.
'Then I suppose those  who do no
work at all bave an awfully bad time?"
Well, no.   As a matter of fact they
are so rich that they need not work."
The savage mused in silence tor a
time, "What do you mean by poverty?"
he asked.
Not having enough to eat nor good
houses to live In," the missionary explained.
"Why is that? Is there a scarcity of
food in your land?
"N o," said the Good Man slowly;
there Is plenty of food, but don't you
understand, they are poor, and have
little money, so, of course, cannot
buy much food, nor afford nice houses."
"But I think you said they worked'
very hard," said the poor savage patience at the other's stupidity.
"Yes, that is so?"
"Why do they work so hard?"
"To get money to buy food," replied
the missionary with a touch of impatience at other's stupidity.
"Well, why don't they buy the food?"
said the savage, "Do they like being
"Of course not, but they don't earn
"And yet they work as hard as they
can, I suppose?"
The savage pondered belore be
spoke again. "On this Island," he
said, "I do not have to work to any
extent, and when I'm hungry I take
my food from the trees or the sea.
By the way,, what do you call your
Civilization," replied the Good Man,
blushing slightly.
I don't think It would be good for
me If your customs were Introduced
here," said tbe poor savage thoughtfully. "You will pardon me, sir, if I
say that I think that your country is a
fool of a place. Good afternoon. Mind
the snake."
G. ELB, in the "Adelaide Herald."
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled, affirm
onr allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means ef production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
Ue capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect aad
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream ef profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free frem capitalist exploitation by. the abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
paint ef production. To accomplish this necessitates the transforms-
tlen ef capitalist property In the means of wealth production into collective er werking-elBss property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist and
tbe worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—tbe capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   Thla is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working elass, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property la the meaas of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
i. The democratic organisation and management of Industry by
tbe workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production tor
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In offlce shall always and everywhere
until the preaent system Is abolished, make tbe answer to this question
IU guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance Ue interests
of Ue working class and aid Ue workers in Ueir class struggle against
capitalism? If lt will, the Socialist Party ls for it; If it wlll not, Ue
Socialist Party ls absolutely opposed to lt
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all Ue public affairs placed In Its bands in such a manner
aa to promote the Interests of Ue working class alone.
Books of all Kinds
Paine's Age of Reason ISc
God and my Neighbor, 	
Blatchford lie
Ingersoll-Gladstone Contro-
mu  \ersy 4le
The Marvelous Story of Man 1.S0
Ingersoll's 44 Lectures 1-25
The Riddle of the Universe,
HaecKel ISc
Six Ingersoll Lectures  35c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
1B2 Cordova St. W.
___       Y SECURED!
we aoticl. the business of Manufacturers,
. ji»*er.i snd others who realize the advisability at hsrisg; their Patent business transected
by Kaput*. Prelmi'naryadvice free. Charges
mmtetat,. Onr hives-tor's Ad-riser sent upon
Kane**. Marion ft Marian, New Torn Life Bldt
Montreal: -nd Waahlnfton. D.C, U.S.A.
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Duea Stamps, each      .10
Platform and   application   blank
per 100      25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen       lo
Room 501
Dominion Trust
To Canadian Socialists
On account of Increased nostal
EStS? we..Br*» ebUtat to make the
subscription price of th* Intra*,
tlonal Socialist Review in Canada
11.80 a year Instead of |l.o». We
can, however, make th* following;
special offers: -••wi.™*-
For 13.00  ws will    mail    thre*
dlan address for one year
For 70 cents we wlll mall te*
copies of any one Issue
For $3.00 we wlll mall th* Review   one   year   and   the   Chic*--*
Dally Socialist f.r one year
1S4 West Klnsl* St., ChlcaJoV
305 Catmbie Street
The best of everything properly
Chas. Malcahey, Prop.
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"Robotcky, Narod"
the organ of Ue Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Wjonbtg, Man.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Stands for st Li-sing -Wage
Vancouver Local 867. 666,
Tradc Mark*
CopvmoHTa Aa
Anyons sending * sketnh snd deierlptlon mar
quickly aicert-'n onr opinion free^wnotlior an
lurontlon la probablr
* —lai. HANOI
cy for sac. _
  .__  —lush Munn Al
medal soMm, without on arse, la th*
lorn mnnles*
 ... on Patent*
enoy for sseurincpstents,
llonsatrlollyeolinuentlal. I
aent free, oldest ncaticy forascurliispsten
I'nt.ut- tsksn thronsh Munn A in. reeelT*
Scientific Jtoericait
a -iis-lans-alT UlsstraM weakly. Ia***** f>
eslstien ef e*T s-sssMSs loans'. Twjjis1 f*f
Vsmaa.Jk.ni rem. testa** null*,   Sold br
4] If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr addicts to onr office and we will aend a man
to measure yonr premises and give you an estimate of eost of
installing the gas pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items