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Western Clarion Jun 29, 1912

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PUR YEAR        9I.IU
Worker*/ Hell on Earth
j*S iii-i   i   ■■■
Women Dre* § d as Men Toil in the Shops—Child
I"   Labor Prevalent.
The New York iT-rid, which has
been publishing a ■?* ,es of articles on
industrial condi' ,"? i ln this State,
printed a description of the bad conditions ln the mills and factories of
Syracuse. In part, the World's ar-
tivle was as follows:
Women ln overalls, and with their
hair done up under caps so tightly
that one has to look twice to determine, their sex, work in the machine
shops of Syracuse, running drill
presses, lathes, and doing other light
work. They get less for their labor
than men and work the same hours—
from 7 o'clock In the morning until 6'
o'clock In the afternoon,
An eighty-three-pound boy told
how he made 25 cents a week extra
mopping out the factory and cleaning up the retiring rooms every Saturday afternoon. This,' added to the
$3.50 weekly wage, he gave to his
mother, who mopped out stores at
night and did not return until after
11 o'clock. He didn't see anything
of her except Sunday, as she had to
sleep late in the ntorning. A small
sister prepared his supper. He had
live sisters and a brother, but none of
them worked, presumably because
they too young. The lad's father
worked for a butcher and on what
the three of them made the family
eked out a living.
This factory Is described, because
the description pretty closely fits
/nany others. Some' are better; few
worse. The rule of small wages and
long hourB Is universal. To meet
competition the owners get all they
can out of their help and force them
to "speed" from morning until night.
The inspection is about ou a par with
other up-State cities. It If a farce.
The inspector gets around once in six
months or a year and in some mysterious, way his coming Is known beforehand.' Thereupon all the children
under 14 years of age are sent out
of the building and told to return
next day. Now and then than inspector outwits a factory boss, but it Is
not often.
Because the children start working
so young they fall to get proper schooling. Some of them can barely read
and write or add two and seven and
make nine out of the sum. Those
coming from intelligent families do
well enough, but the trouble is there
are lots of unintelligent fathers and
mothers among the working people
of Syracuse. In justice to these parents it muat be said that in their
yot i ***» they did not have the benefits of
th< I 'free BChools this country affords.
The majority of them did not seem
to want their children to go Into the
shops so young. They told the reporter they were forced to take this course
by. the high cost of living. Food has
,'>>ne up In Syracuse as elsewhere and
,.,.ices for labor has remained down.
It is this combination which Is responsible for the sickly apearance of
little people and the grown-ups as
Rest and good food would do wonders for the laboring folks of this
city. Of fresh air they get plenty,
although the large number are forced
to live quite a distance from their
work to get it.
Undernourished working people are
In no condition to withstand the foui
conditions prevailing in some of the
factories. There is dust everywhere;
dirty floors everywhere; and filthy
toilets In 80 per cent of the shops.
The dust can be removed by forced
draft, but It Isn't, and the workers
breathe It ten hours a day.
They eat in squalor if the weather Is
too bad to get out of dors at noontime or if it is too cold. The winters
are long here and hundreds of the
workers have so little blood or such
poor blood that they continually feel
cold and sleep with their windows
This is the tlnishlng touch -<ind one
reason why there are 500 tuberculosis
men, women and children in a city of
140,000 inhabitants. These cases are
recorded. The health officer declares
there are 1,500 unrecorded cases,
bringing the total up to 2,000, or one-
seventieth of the population.
If any person harbors the thought
that he is going to get rich fronj the
labor of his own hands, that is, by
producing commodities himself, or
by working for a wage, It is an evidence of his youth and inexperience.
It will not require many years to dispel the illusian. In the legitimate
business world there is but one way
to amass a fortune make men work
for you and produce more than they
are paid for producing, that is, by exploiting labor. If ten men do this for
you, you will make some money; if
a thousand, you will get wealthy; If
many thousands, you may become a
multimillionaire. Of course, the term
"legitimate business world" excludes
the accident of mine location, Inheritance, successful gambling, either with
cards  or  stocks,  etc.
For Instance, we are told that the
steel trust employs 126,000 men and
declares annual dividends of $125,-
000,000. If so, that corporation nets
from the product of the labor of each
man annually $1,000. When the Standard Oil Company employs 12,199 men
■md declares dividends of $48,000,000,
the labor of each of its employes
must net the company $4,000. Of
course, great machinery and thorough
division of labor modern methods—
alone make possible such a labor product. But this is the way the vast
fortunes are accumulated. If I won
the machinery of production—the
means whereby men must live—if I, in
other words, own the jobs, I am
thereby vested with power to com]
laborers to divide up with me daily
the product of their labor. And if
they are in great numbers or if, by the
aid of machinery, their producing
power ls multiplied many times, my
share of the "divide" becomes a vast
fortune; and a fortune can not come
from the legitimate busines world ln
.any other .way.—N. A. Richardson.
Socialists of Vienna, Austria, have
at captured six seats in the municipal
elections and will contest eight more
on the second ballot. The "Christian
Socialist" party of that city, which ls
• the political expression of the Roman
Church, has been overwhelmingly defeated and has lost control of the mu
niclpality, only four of ItB previous
fourteen members being re-elected
Cardinal Gibbons in a late addreBB
expressed the hope that capitalists
anu workingmen would work in harmony and strive for an era of complete
Industrial peace.
The expression of such a hope will
not solve the greatest problem of the
age. The great mass of the people
cannot become seriously Interested in
any expression of hope that may come
from the lips of the cardinal.
The people have been living In hope
for centuries, but the people are discovering that hope sometimes supplanted with despair and the people
are realizing that the class that yearns
for life, liberty and happiness muBt
strike the blow. The class that reaps
untold millions of dividends from the
sweat of toll will concede no harmony
that threatens a shrinkage in profits.
The class that feels the weight of the
appressor's yoke would be far more
Interested if the cardinal would sun-
mlt the remedies that would usher in
the era of Industrial peace.
Peace has been preached from the
pulpits of Christianity for 1,900 years,
and yet there ls no peace, and the
cardinal should know that standing
armies ln every nation on earth and
machines of murder floating the waves
of every sea are not indicative of an
.era of peace. He should know thht
the system under which we like ls
propped by bayonets and that toll is
subjugated by Gatling gun and cannon.
He should know that economic
masters are the power behind every
government on earth, and that government as at present constituted is-
absolutely owned and controlled by
the capitalists,
There can be no industrial peace
until humanity owns the earth and
Its machines of production and distribution, and while the comparatively
few own the means of life, the Industrial war between maBter and slave
will go one, until conditions will force
the oppressed to rise in their Industrial and political strength and deBtroy
tho system that feeds upon profit.—
Miners' Magazine.
By John M. Work.
They say that we Socialists Indulge
in abuse of successful men.
The truth is that we never yet abused a successful man.
We try not to abuse anyone at all.
Frequently when we are charged with
abusing someone we are merely using
him as an illustration. Whenever we
do make the mistake of abusing anyone, we abuse the miserable failures.
Who are the miserable failures?
They are the men who have wasted
their lives getting rich.
There is no way in which a man can
make a more complete failure of life
than by spending his life in the accumulation of wealth. Such a life assassinates all the higher ideals and
causes him to grow downward towards
the brute.
And yet, preposterous as it ls, such
Ignoble failures are what some people
mean when they speak of "successful
Who are the really successful men?
They are the men who have risen
above mercenary motives. They aro
the men who have spent their lives
assisting the upward urge of the
human race In many ways. Some of
them have undergone persecution and
public Ignominy while serving the
race. All of them have made the mercenary their slightest motive.
To do good is the only real Buccess
there is in the world. All else is
sham, pretense and unreality. It does
not matter what money or position
one gains, unless the world is better
and humanity higher for his having
lived, be has been a flat failure.
Says Thomas Carlyle: "If the great
cause of man, and man's work ln God's
earth, got no furtherance from the
Arabian Calif, then no matter how
many sclmetars he drew, how many
gold piasters he pocketed, and what
uproar and blaring he made In this
world—he waB but a loud-sounding
Inanity and futility; at bottom he was
not at all."
True success and mercenary motives
cannot exist together. They are in
deadly hostility. When they approach
one another ln the same Individuality, they engage in mortal combat
and one of them dies.
No, we Socialists do not abuse the
successful men. When we abuse anybody we abuse the wretched failure.
But, we do not mean to abuse anyone at all.
No one knows quite so well as we
that the failures who spend their lives
getting rich are creatures of their environment. It is not a square deal to
blame them for their own undesirable
quantities or for the effects of the
capitalist system.
We fight the system, not themen.
San Francisco—Because both could
not live on one salary of $4 per week,
earned In a bakery, Tilley Calden is
itead and her companion, Catherine
Anderson, is recovering from an unsuccessful attempt to drown herself
In the bay. The two young girls arrived here recently from Finland with
but scanty savings. Miss Anderson
frankly admits that she and Miss
Calden had formed a suicide pact.
She declared that when their savings
were exhausted they tried desperately
for work and received several objectionable offers from unscrupulous men,
which they turned down. Finally Miss
Anderson got the bakery job, but $2
apiece was not enough to live on, and
when their room rent became due they
decided to drown themselves.
Of the 110 Socialist members of the
German Relchstag, 22 belong to the
Protestant Established Church, four
are Catholic, seven are Jews, ten belong to other dissenting religious
bodies, seven belong to free religious
bodies, 52 belong to no church, six
declare they have no religion whatever, and two refuse to tell wha:. theii
religious views are, on grounds ol
"When  will the Co-operative Com-ia thousand enemies with the jawbone
The municipal selections In the Canton of Neuchatel show Considerable
progress on the part of the Socialists
in the larger towns.
monwealth be brought into being?"
It's easy!
I'm surprised you ask such a question. WHEN THERE ARE ENOUGH
Not enough workers vaguely wishing
lor "better times."
Not even enough workers hoping for
the disappearance of capitalism.
Not simply by enough convinced that
Socialism is the means of emancipating the working class.
Not by—but why enumerate any
more nots—but by getting enough on
our side, organizing on our side, training to fight on our slde.fighting on our
side, for the one specific purpose of
changing class to social ownership,
forgetting minor differences, dropping
non-essentials and throwing their
whole power Into the effort too TAKE
AWAY the means of production from
the capitalist class.
Oh, it's simple,
crooked system of society.
It's so simple that at first It's puzzling to the minds of workers trained
to crooked indircet thinking "under a
But they soon get over that when
the thing ls put straight up to them.
It's like this:
The capitalist have it. We have to
take it.
That's simple, so far.
That's equally simple: By TAKING
When there's enough to DO so.
Look here!
Suppose me working at my trade as
a carpenter, and In the course of my
day's work having to handle a heavy
beam or joist, finding it beyond my
strength to lift, what do I do? Well,
you know, I was taught to pray, especially in case of need. Here Is a case
of need. Can you fancy me falling on
my knees beBlde that beam, shutting
my eyes, clasping my hands, and, turning my lace to the sky. getting of
something like this:
"Oh, Lord, all powerful and all gracious, I have need of Thee; behold
Thy servant hath not strength to lift
this beam; yet, ob Lord, the beam
must needs be lifted, and from
whence, oh Lord, can strength come
but from Thee? 1 pray Thee, O most
merciful Father, to give Thy servant
much strength; yea even the strength
of Samson, Thy servant of old, so
that, even aB he had the strength to
carry away the gates of Goth, to sluy
of an ass and to pull down the tem
pie of the heathen, I may be vouchsafed strength to rise this beam from
its place and to move It into the position whereto the main guy would
have lt moved."
You KNOW that wouldn't work. You
can fancy the boss coming around,
finding me on my kenes and saying,
"Here! What the hell are you doing
Then what would I do? Would I
go off the job, flnd a lawyer and ask
his advice?
You  know  I  wouldn't.
Then what would I do?
You  know what I'd do.
I'd sing out, "Here, Bill, give me a
hand with this beam," and, if Bill
and I were not enough, we'd sing out
for Jack, and if not enough then, we'd
sing out for Tom, Dick and Harry, until, at last, we had enough to do the
job, and then the Job would be done.
On exactly the same principle, having a job that we are not yet Btrong
enough to do, we are calling out to the
Bills and Jacks and Toms and Dicks
and Harrys and James and Marys of
the working class, "Here, give us a
hand to lift this weight of capitalism
off the backs of us all," and we are
giving them reason why it must be
Are we calling on them because
we think it "only just, and right"
that they should "have the privilege?"
Not a bit of it.
We are calling on them because we
have not yet enough strength, because
we shall never have enough strength
until we get enough of them to see as
we see, to organize as we organize, to
act as we act; when we have enough
and know we have enough, then we
will do the job, we wlll lift the
weight, we will consummate the revolution.
In the meantime there is only one
thing that we can do and that is to
everlastingly tell the workers what is
really the matter, getting our pleasure
out of the knowledge that we are educating our class, glutting our resentment at wage slavery  by   undermining lt all we can, hoping the end will
come in onr time, but determined, in
any case, to get our chief gratification
In life out of tho joy of the fight.
"Ah, well! the fight Is long and tough,
But by-and-by we'll get enough
Of such of these of whom I've writ,
And, when we've got them, good and
Why, 'tis the easiest thing to guesB—
We'll up and take the world, no less!
Aphorisms of Socialism
Being an Explanation of the Declaration of Principles
Society, as present constituted, Is
based upon the ownership of the
means of living (i.e., land, factories,
etc.) by the capitalist or master class,
and the consequent enslavement of the
working class, by whose labor alone
wealth  Is produced.
To declare that any one fact, ana
especially such a seemingly superficial
fact as tbe matter of the possession of
property, can be the basis of the social system, will doubtless fill many
people with astonishment. It seems
to be reversing the order of things.
It appears, to the ordinary untutored
eye, that the ownership of property
must arise out of and depend upon
the social system, and not that the
system arises out of and depends on
the form of ownership. Yet very few
words will suffice to make it clear that
the truth is revealed In our first ap
Society is a number of people living in community, having dealings and
relations with each other in the everyday affairs.
The sum total of all these relations
forms the system under which the people live,—the social system or the system of society.
It is quite clear, therefore, that the
form these dealings or relations assume will determine tbe form of the
social system, and that whatever fact
or facts shape the relations between
the units of society shape the whole
system of society—which is nothing
but the totality of those relations.
Now if you march Into a baker's
slit)]) and take possession of a loaf of
bread, you enter Into relations with
the baker.
These relations will vary, according
as you Have bought, begged, borrowed, or stolen the loaf. In the first
case the \ relations between yon aro
those between buyer and seller, ln
lhe second case those between giver
and recipient, in the third case those
between lender and borrower, in the
last case those between robbed and
But the significant fact is that,
though each of these relations Is different, owing to the different circumstances of your acquiring the loaf,
they all arise from the one constant
and unchanging factor that the loaf
is the property of the baker to start
with. If the loaf was not tho property of someone It could not be
bought or sold, begged or given, lent
or borrowed, or the subject of a theft.
In St. Paul's Churchyard many pigeons may be seen. They belong to
nobody. You cannot beg, borrow or
buy one ot them. If you take possession of one you have stolen nothing. You cannot enter on account ot
these pigeons, into any of the relations with those about you that characterized your taking possession of
the baker's loaf. Even the law cannot oblige you in this respect, for the
only charge that can be preferred
against you—and that Is only by an
obvious straining of the law to meet
an awkward situation—Is that of unlawful possession: the charge, not
that you have something belonging to
someone else, but that you have something that does not belong to you.
Now It Is beyond dispute that that
which makes the difference in the relations between you and your fellows
In the given Instances Is the fact that
the loaf ls the property of some person or personB while the pigeon Is not.
If we look around lo try to discover
what are thc Bocial relations that occupy the largest and most Important
place In the social scheme, we find
that theseare those relations which
arise out of the production and distribution of wealth.
The reason or this lies on the surface. It ls because every living per
son must be a wealth consumer as the
first essential condition of his or her
TheBe relations pervade the whole
of- society. None can escape them.
What form do these social relations
Wealth Is produced by the application of human energy to the material
provided by nature. All wealth, as
the term is understood in political
economy, Is produced thuB, and only
thus. Even the working-power of tbe
horse does not shake this statement,
for Hie horse itself is wealth, the product of human energy applied in horse
breeding and rearing. Ils energy,
therefore, takes no higher rank In lhe
production of wealth than that developed by a si earn engine,
The two things, then, which are
fundamentally necessary to the production of wealth are human labour-
power and nature given material.
But today, in addition to theBe, highly developed machinery and other
means of production and distribution
are necessary before wealth can be
produced and placed at the disposal
of the consumer, for, under the system, and in the broad sense, human
energy can only be applied to material through these means of pro-,
All normal people within certain
limits of age, possess one of these
essentials of wealth production—human labour-powr. But bfore it is possible for them to create objects of
value they must have access to the
normal material and.to the means of
Here, then, is the primary need ot
every person that draws breath, if that
person is to be self-supporting—access
to the nature-given material and the
productive machinery.
Now let us place these things, desired of all people, ln the circumstances ot the baker's loaf and the
Churchyard pigeon respectively, and
see what happens—what effect it has
upon the great mass of relations between man and man which go to make
up the social system.
In the first case, with material, machinery and the like the property of
individuals, two Bets of relationships
may arise, according as these things
are owned by those who use them or
by those who do not.
In the Middle Ages the means of
production largely belonged to those
who used them, and access to agricultural land was the common right.
As a consequence the relations between the social units were entirely
different to those obtaining today.
Men had the means of gaining their
livelihood in their own hands, and so
the wage-worker, the man who had no
source of substance other than the
sale of his labour-power, waB practically unknown.
But we are not concerned at the
moment with that property condition
which was the basis of the feudal social system. We know that today
the things necessary for wealth production are not, broadly speaking,
owned by those who use them. That
fact, at least, requires no demonstration.
In this case those who do not share
in the possession of the productive
wealth must get the sanction of thp
owners before they can apply their
labour-power In the creation of wealth.
On this fact the whole structure of
modern society is based. All the relations between the social units take
their shape from this, as we shall
presently see.
In the first place, those people who
are without property In the means of
production find others standing between them and the sources of life.
To make mere assertion of that which
ls too well known to need argument,
they have to sell their labour-power
to the owners of the means of living
In order to obtain subsistence. What
other meuns of living have Ihey?
Thus is set up that large and Important group of social relations and
social institutions which wo have before noted. First, Bociety Is divided
Into two classes—employers and employee! ; those who poiSSSS and those
who do not possess, So the very two-
class nature of society, with property
as the differentiating agent, ls shown
to be founded on the ownership ot the
means of living by the muster class.
Secondly, the wages system, with
the labour market—into which every
propertyless person is driven, to seek
his livelihood by the sale of his labour-
power—together with the whole range
of relationships between people on
the industrial field—the relations between employer and employed, foreman anil underling, and even those
arising  between  master  and    master
(Continued on page three)
Every Sanday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
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fist Part* of Canada: it tli*office .of
:   Western  Clarion; ' Laber   'TMnple,
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SATURDAY,   JUNE  29,   1912,
The word wages really measures
both heaven and hell to the working
man. If the wage be high, heaven
opens out before the delighted vision
of the wage animal and he enters with
hearty zest into the "green fields and
pastures new," and cavorts right nobly
in the enjoyment of the plenteous
bounties therein spread. But when
wages ate low and employment none
too certain, he is hurled over the battlements and into the depths of hell,
there to 'fry and sizzle and sweat blood
as he floats about upon the sea of
trouble endeavoring to ward off the
pangs of hunger and the stress of
poverty in general, with means that
are far too limited to accomplish the
task. When the job is lost and the
wages no longer forthcoming, his
misery is accentuated and increased
until he might swap situations with
some denizen of "Dante's Inferno"
without being seriously the loser.
What is this wage anyway? It is
merely the equivalent, to the human
animal, of a bone to a dog. If the
bone is not too old and dry, too utterly
devoid of juice and savor, the dog is
filled with delight of the canine brand.
He is, as it were, lifted to the beatitudes. He is transported to canine
heaven. If, perchance, some shreds of
meat interspersed with an occasional
bit of the toothsome gristle, are attached to the bone, his canine joblots
becomes literally beside himself with
joy. He fondles It, licks It, gloats
over it, guards it, and unsheathes his
fangs in its defence against olher canines who might sniff covetously in its
direction. But the dog with the dry
bone, or worse yet, ne bone at all, ls
quite another story. As hunger gnaws
at his vitals he is In canine hell and
subject to all the terrors that assail
his biped relative when minus a job
or holding one only at low wages.
ing. He renders unto "Caesar that
which is Caesar, and unto Ojd that
whidj^'is God's,'*; As there iff;^ot|iing
left.jlie accejjt^ it as his portion 'and
re*il'*£ls -coi*|i**et. _ To attempjBjto con-
tinu^>*^e„Jjtti|1ogy''hetween Sgf. slave
and the dog beyond the tear-mingllng
point would be to do violence to some
o*,the most worthy characteristics and
qualities of the dog. This we decline
to do.
WageB:    The price of grub for a
slave; syn., a bone thrown to a dog.
Webster defines apathy as "a calmness, Indolence, or state of Indifference, incapable of being ruffled or
roused to active interest or exertion
by pleasure, pain, or passion." In
other words, a sluggish indifference
that is extremely difficult to shake off
In order that something like life and
activity might take its place.
ThiB conditions is most pronounced
throughout the labor movement of
Canada at the present time. This is
especially true of that phase of the
movement expressed by Socialism.
Beyond mere talk, there is nothing do
ing. Scarce a district can be mentioned in the Dominion that is marked
by any activity either in propaganda
or organization that is worth mentioning. We might as well acknowledge
the facts. Just why this state of
apathy, which bids fair to become
chronic, is not easy of explanation. It
appears to be particularly confined to
Canada, however, which in itself is at
least a cheering sign. In the States
a continually increasing activity Is
shown, and the movement has already
assumed such proportions as to enlist
in its behalf some of the big and
widely circulated magazines and other
periodicals. Perchance the prosperity
prevailing on this side of the line is
of such a satisfying character to the
wage plug mind that in this may be
found the true explanation of his
apathetic and sluggish indifference to
the movement.
Occasionally some would-be saviour
of the situation pops up in the shape
of a "Social-Democrat" and attributes
the backward conditions of the Socialist movement to the baneful teachings
of the Socialist Party of Canada.
About the only inference to be drawn
from such criticism is that the Socialist Party, through Its speakers and
publications, has been too scientific.
It has been too dogmatic and emphatic
in Its analysis of conditions and the
causes therefor. This, according to
the self-appointed critics and would-
be saviours, has antagonized the honest workingman and kept him wandering in the wilderness of, capitalist
confusion instead of hastening to en-
sconse himself safely within the sheltering fold of the "brotherhood of
man." Unfortunately for the virtue
of the criticism of these worthy
"S.-D." critics, their own sloppy and
loose propaganda is even more barren
of results In the right direction than
that of the Socialist Party. As little
life and activity as there is in the S.
When one comes to think of it,
there ls little difference between the p in pana(ia, there is still less in the
status of the dog and that of the slave s0-cnlle<a "S.-D." If sound propaganda
in modern society. Wages are thrown falla to arouse the activity of enslaved
to the slave in much the same man- -abor t0 a struggle for deliverance
ner and for identically the same rea- from bonclage, W ls useless to expect
son that a bone is thrown to a dog. I any Detter reBUlt from the application
The size of the wage determines ita | of the 8lopl)y ref0rm twaddle peddled
Juiciness, therefore Its beatific, or con- out uy "Sodal-Dems."
trary, effect upon the recipient. Thej preaumabiy the sluggish in-Utter-
juiciness of the bone, or lack of it, ence now manifest throughout the
has' the same effect upon the canine. I ranka o( the WOrkers will, in time be
The slave without a master (job) is sioughed off. The grinding economic
a pitiful object indeed. He soon takes preBBUre of capitalist production will,
on a lean and hungry look. He slinks perhaI,g, in time become so intolerable
and sneaks as though in constant ex- as t0 compei both thought and action,
pectation of receiving a vigorous kick | ,n the raeantime we wlll have to exer-
upon such portions of his anatomy as clge pat|ence and keep the propaganda
would tend to expedite his locomotion. j golng as best we can. The apathy
The longer he is out of a job the more comp-a|ne,i 0r, however, hampers the
does he assume the appearance, char- actlvjties 0f those who would like to
acter and actions of a dog without a be u]) an(] doing. Even the most ener-
bone and no prospects of getting one. jgetlc   an(]  enthusiastic  cannot  move
On the other hand the dog with no. forwar(- ln advance of the upathetlc
bone, or means of getting one, Is in a an() |n(itffe,.ent miiBS.   However much
similar fix to Ihe slave without a job.
In either case It Ib a hone that ls
lacking. The dog during Ihe days ot
prosperity, when bones were plentiful
and easy to get, took on an air of
canine sleekness    and    Independence
they may chafe In spirit they must
console themselves with the reflection
that salvation from capitalist bondage
can be achieved only by mass nctlon
It eunnot he achieved by the efforts of
Individuals  who  may,  perchance,  be
well calculated to Inspire admiration ,n a(lvance of their teiiows in the un-
and respect. He was courteously ; derstand|ng ot the problem and Its so-
treated, even patted upon the head -utlon when the masg of the workers
and called "good doggie." But in the, move8 ,n the dlrectlon of the over-
days of adversity things were differ- thr()w Qf ca,)ltallBm thei.e will be something dong. But such move will not
occur while the labor movement is
weighed down by the sluggiBh Indifference that prevails among the workers at present.
ent. No bones obtainable, he soon |
assumes the lean and hungry appearance of the jobless slave. His sleekness and independence vanish. Instead of the gentle pat and the "good
doggie," he gets the swift kick and
"get out, you cur." He may well seek The
out his Jobless biped relative and they
could properly mingle their tears in
commiserating the sad fate that had
befallen them.
Sometimes the hungry dog will show
fight when the swift kick is delivered.
He has been known to sink his fangs
ln the kicker. He has even been
known to seize upon food to which
he had no legal title, in order to satisfy his hunger. Happily, however,
the biped slave never allows his meekness and docility to desert him. He
never resents the treatment accorded
him by the owners of bones (jobs).
He never strikes back when kicked.
He never seizes upon food to which
he has no legal title, no matter how
hungry. Even upon an empty belly
he does not forget his Christian train-
In the midst of industrial war and
turmoil,, of strikes and rumors of
strikes, we are once more hearing on
all Bides appeals for Industrial peace.
The employers In the Port of London,
we are told, are determined that something shall be done to prevent these
frequent Interruptions of the trade of
the port; while, on their side, the
leaders of the men are equally deslr-
oub of establishing some sort of machinery by which "permanent peace"
may be secured. On the other hand,
it Is said, that failing a mutual agreement between employers and employed for the establishment of a Conciliation Board, or some other means
of adjusting    differences and ensur
ing peace, the Government intend to
establish some . such •mar.h'ijj'ery by
Compulsory legislation.
"flite have had recently (n the daily
!>i^8s lengthy anil' welghti^-dlsqulsl-
ifjens by all sorts jm>4, conditions of
men on the "tiabor''^j^pt*.' and Its
causes; disquisiHon»).\l^inlB>«**n-i.t for
their profundity and the abstruseness
of their conclusion of the scientific
labors of the Pickwick Club. Most
of those who have taken part ln the
discussion have really done nothing
but darken counsel by their evident
horror of anything like a simple ex
planatlon of quite simple phenomena
and their desire to discover some
esorteric source or psychological moment for a discontent which ls easily
traceable to economic causes.
An ounce of fact is worth tons of
mere superficial hypotheses; and If
the series of strikes, now spoken of
as the 'Labor Unrest," through which
we have been passing, have taught
or proved anything, it is the soundness of Marx's theories—!, e., that
economic conditions are the prime
fundamental factor in social change
and movement; that economic development above all is directly traceable
to self-evident economic causes, and
not to some occult foreign source; and
that improving trade and a rising
market are almost invariably accompanied by industrial unrest due to a
demand by Labor for some share in
the improvement.
As Marx, In common with others,
has shown, the return to Labor la determined not by the value of the product but by the cost of subsistence
of the laborer*. But Marx more clearly explains this. The commodity
which hte workman has to sell—his
labor-power—exchanges, like all other
commodities, at Its cost of produotlon
In socially necessary human labor. As
with all other commodities, the price
of labor power (wages) Is affected by
supply and demand, and fluctuates
about—sometimes above, sometimes
below—its actual value. The tendency
of wages is always toward a hare subsistence In consequence of the compe-
tlon for employment. With a falling
market and the consequent Increase
of competition for employment wages
invariably fall below the normal sub*
sistence level. This fall in wages may
manifest itself in other ways than In
an actual reduction in the nominla
wages. Of this we have seen an Illustration in recent years, during which,
while nominal wages have In many
casea remained stationary and in some
have even Increased, there has been
actually a considerable fall In real
wages consequent upon the universal
rise in prices.
The workmen, as Marx says, are
powerless to resiat this reduction in
the price of their labor-power when
the market is against them; consequently they would be failing in their
duty if when the market had improved
and circumstances were favorable
they made no attempt to ralseB wages
up to ,or even above, the normal level.
In the recent and preaent "Labor
Unrest," therefore, we see the consequence of the discontent engendered
by past reductions In real wages and
an attempt to take advantage of an
improved market at least to recover
lost ground.
It should also teach us as well the
impossibility of industrial peace so
long as the wage-system lasts. That
system implies and involves and essential fundamental antagonism between the wage-paying and the wage-
receiving class, each in turn striving
to get the better of a falling or a rising market. This is a state of war,
however much it may be disguised
by social convention; and however
ardently both sides may desire and
sigh for peace, there can be no permanent peace while the conditions of
perpetual warfare rule.
For us Socialists, therefore, there Is
nothing either Inexplicable or disquieting in this "Labor Unrest." On the
contrary, it would be a mater for concern were there no unrest, because
that would show that the workers had
fallen to so low down a state of slavery as to be contented or hopeless In
conditions with which they huve no
right to be contented. On the one
hand, however, the big industrial capitalists desire Industrial peace, and
some ot them are seeking to establish It by meanB of copartnery. On
the other hand, "Labor leaders" wish
Industrial peace, and some hope to
attain It by conciliation and arbitration, while others appear to have a
vague and hazy Idea of galnglng it
through a series of strikes ln which
the surplus-value now taken by the
master class will gradually be transferred to the workers, and the trade
unions will ultimately control the various Industries.
But the Socialist sees that there is
no possibility of industrial peace in
either of these directions, because
both assume tbe perpetuation of existing fundamental economic conditions,
while lngnorlng the Inexorable laws
which those conditions engender. Both
conceptions are fallacious and Utopian because they leave out of account the fact that the wage system
assumes production for profit by the
exploitation of labor and the consequent creation of unemployment and
the tendency of wages to the cost of
Neither co-partnership nor Syndicalism takes any account of the uncm-
^part from the AsbesteologlstB with'
their doctrine, that if the soul Bins sufficiently it becomes fireproof, we- have,
met with no other serlo-comlo act In'
these days to compare with the Bap--
tists In England; the hydropathic
branch of the church, going Into the
fire Insurance business. We will admit at once, however, that there is no
other section of the church ln our
judgment better qualified to take up
the question of fire, and Are insurance^
than that section which has laid hold
qt the water rite.
Before us lies a copy of the "Baptist Tlmea and Freeman" of May 24,
1912, and on thc centre aheet amongst
the reading matter concerning the soul
business we have a full page advertisement of the insurance business which
this enterprising firm is now going
into on the side. The heading reads,
"The Baptist Fire Insurance Co., Ltd,"
surplus profits to be devoted to denominational funds and in the list of directors we note the name of Rev. J. H.
Shakespeare, M. A., and several other
ministers high up among the dipping
We would like to call the attention
of the Anti-Gambling League to this
new venture of the church, for although all business Is more or less a
speculation, we think that, next to
dabbling in stocks and shares, or putting money on a horse, this annual
premium sweepstake of the insurance
business ls the slickest gamble that
any preacher bookies could make a
haul out of.
We can remember in our unregen-
erate days before we became emancipated from the thraldom of creeds that
it was a custom when short of funds
to carry on the Lord's work, to have a
prayer meeting, in which we put the
books before the Lord, as it were, and
called for another instalment. Eape-
cially waa thla the case with the South
American Evangelical Mission ln its
Infancy. It scorned to ask anyone for
money but the Lord. Today it is sell-
ing'coffee and now the Baptists are in
the fire Insurance business.
We rejoice to see these signs of the
times, because we Socialists are constantly being accused of wishing to do
away with religion and Christianity,
whereas the former cannot be abolished and the later does not apparently exist. We have always contended
that there was but one Christian and
He perished on the cross. Since His
day and up to the present time what
has ben boosted by the church is not
Christianity at all, but Paullnlsm; not
what Jesus taught about conduct, but
what Paul taught about Jesus. We are
not, therefore, at all surprised to flnd
according to the statistics of the various denominations, that the worshippers are being driven out of the temple to make way for the money changers and mountebank insurance companies limited.
Further, as Socialists this matter
matter touches us ot another point.
Whenever the question of religion has
been raised at any Socialist convention, the majority have always been In
favor of deprecating such propaganda
as might unnecessarily antagonize the
churches on the grounds that religion
was purely a private matter. And bo
long as the churcheB were merely parasites of capitalism, giving their blessing and sanction to the present form
of slavery for a share of the proceeds,
we could -afford to Ignore them; but
when they openly and deliberately go
Into business, as ln the present Instance of the Baptists, and are no
longer parasites of capitalism, but be
come parasites of labor, they must ex
pect to come more frequently under
the lash of criticism.
ployed. During this "unrest" we have
heard very little of the unemployed,
and it has been left to the capitalist
press to champion thc "right to work."
That Is only another evidence that the
"unrest" Is largely due to Improvement in the market. But the unemployed, reduced to a minimum Just
now, perslstB and will peralBt. Unemployment ls an essential corollary of
the wage system, and either co-partnership or Syndicalism would but Increase unemployment, as either become more efficient ln the flleld of production.
While, therefore, the class Interests
of the capitalists demand industrial
peace, the function of "Labor leaders" is not that of peace-makers, but
of fighters, It ls their business not
to try to patch up peace, but to carry
on the war in such fashion as to win
the best conditions for their side that
the market will afford. That ls the
present function of trade unions and
trade union leaders—to get the best
but of existing circumstances—exercised with the consciousness that industrial peace is impossible ln the
midst of existing class antagonisms
und can only be realized by the abolition of classes; the sodtal ownership,
use and control of all the meanB of
production for the benefit of all, and
the complete destruction of the wage-
SATjlR  \Y,   JUNE  29,   1912.
ciaaist   Party   Di'rcctory■■ ■»,..■■
ri*~"~ .** T- — -!—       ._      —rfjf^^
Socialist JParty Of Canada,' meets  second   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm> .Watts,  Labor Temple, Dun.stti'iir
St., Vancouver, KC.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays   in   month   at   Labor  Temple,
 l)un<mtiir St., Wm. Watts, Secretary.	
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Kighth
Ave. East. Burt I<*. Anderson, Secre-
tary. Box HIT, Cal^ary^ _
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL^ EXECUTIVE, s. p. of 0.i Invites all comrades residing In Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address ]>. McMillan,
222 Studucona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice—TIiIb card Is inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J, D. Houston, 4»3 Furby
St..  Winnipeg. 	
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace nay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, nnx
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir Street. Business meeting
every Friday In the month at 8 pm
Heading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
LOOAL   OREENWOOD,   B.   O.,    NO.    9,
S. P. of c, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Oreenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
c1ii.sk every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wilmer, secretary, Box 380.
meets In Miners' Hull every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E.  Campbell,  Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretury, Box  126.
Finnish  branch   meets In   Finlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 51, Rossland, B.C.
LOOAL  BtXCXBL,  B.   C,   NO.   16,   B.   P.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afterm.on at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
- reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the flrst'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian
LOOAL  NELSON,   B.   P.   of  0.,  MEETS
evory Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
.Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m., in
L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St.    W. H. (311-
jiiour, Secretury.	
S. P. of C.    Business meetings ut Socialist  headquarters  fourth Thursdays
of euch month.    B. F. Gaymun, Secre-
_ tary	
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
in the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
Headquarters and reading- room, 1319
Government St.. Hoom 2. over Cotlis
ler's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. In Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary: Andrew Allen.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
n.m. Economic Class held twice each
Tliursduy, 10:30 n.m. (for afternoon
:-'hlrO, 8 p.m. tfor morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunduy 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretury,
Joseph Nnylor.
SJ  P.   of .C-—Business   meeting  every
ganda   me'otlhfc   every'  third ."Sunday.
Free .word for,every body, at 612 Cordova {6u:eet.,<"H*3t, 2 p.-ni.    Secretary,
■tt Sunday Of the month anfl* propa*-
tnjf   eve
Ad Kreekis.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER," B.    O.,    NO.    46,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays tn the month ai 2237
Main Street.    Secretary, Wm. Myntti.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquurters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A, Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.',     NO.     t.
Miners' Hall and Opera House., Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on tha flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evonlnga
following propugunda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Glcndennlng, Box It,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information uny day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday ul 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to the public free, from 10 u.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretory, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organizer,  W.  Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at  8 o'clock at  the headquarters.   429  Eighth   Ave.    East,  between  Third  and  Fourth streets.
A. S. Julian, Secretary
every Sunday, Trades Hall, t p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, t
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1046.
ot C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at t
p.m.; economic class, Friday at I p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
S. P. of C. Meeta first and third Sundays In the month, at 4 p.m.. In
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Pan-
cock,  Box  1983.
OP C.—Propaganda meetings .v.ry
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., tn tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, I p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart. Organlnr,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
8. P. OP O.—Headquarters (28U Main
Street, Winnipeg, room 2. next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting evary
Sunday morning, at 11; economic claaa
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
In Dr3amland Theatre, Main Street, at
8  o'clock.     Discussion   Invited.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO   8,   8.   P.   OP   O.
Open nlr meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Htdcuti Street. Business meetings,
flrst Sunday In month In the Lnbor
Hull, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary. Sam Sturgesa Horwlth,
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa,    Phone
LOCAL GLACE BAT, No. 1 OF MARITIME—Heado,un.rters ln Rukasin
Hlock, Commercial St. Open every
even Ins. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
llox   15S;   Harold   G.   Hoss,   organizer.
Box r>i)5
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 in the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. ^VllMam Allen, Secretury, Box 344.
Capitalism ls devouring her own
children. Poverty and want are -destroying the masses. Luxury and
'lehauchery the masters.
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrainean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
Weekly organ, 'Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at I4;i Kinistino' Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring information re the Federation.
write to .1.  Senuk,  Fin.  Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class »t the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working; claas.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the intereata
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00 SATURDAY,   JUN^C*,  1912,
.H *
Regular meeting June 24, 1912.
Present: Comrades Mengel, McVety, Kingsley, Karme, Anderson and
the secretary.
Minutes ot previous read and approved.
Communications from Local Montreal re due stamps that had been destroyed. Secretary was Instructed to
write Local Montreal and have the
matter squared up. -—
Communication from local Victoria
was read and secretary instructed to
give the local Information required.
Communication from local St. .lohn
Re, the distribution of leaflets and the
condition of the town also asking for
100 leaflets a week.
Moved and seconded that a committee be formed to find ways and
means of putting organizers in the
several provinces this winter.   Carried.
Comrades Watts, Mengel, McVety
and Kingsley appointed to Bame.
The committee suggests that all locals be requested to pay up their accounts with Clarion and executive
committee as soon as possible so as to
give up plenty of funds to start In on
organization work.
Adjournment. WM. WATTS,
Council Takes Drastic Action  Prohibiting Open Air Meetings Without
Regular meeting June 24, 1912.
Present: Comrades Mengel, McVety, Kingsley, Karme, Anderson and
the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
The following correspondence was
read and secretary instructed to reply.
From local Kamloops No. 50 a resolution to the effect that the Socialist
local directory printed in the Western
Clarion, is for the good of the movement and that as the cost falls heavily
on small locals, therefore, be lt resolved that in the opinion of local
Kamloops No. 50, the names of all
locals should be published in Socialist
party directory,—the burden of costs
resting on locals in proportion of membership. The secretary was instructed
to inform local Kamloops that the Socialist directory only costs one dollar a
month, the same being used for the
upkeep of the Clarion and every local
should be in the directory and should
not expect anything In the way of
charity from other locals or from the
Communication from local Victoria
referred to Dom Executive.
Adjournment. WM. WATTS,
A good start has been made this
week and we hope you will keep It up.
We no doubt gave you quite a scare
about the Clarion going out of business, but I guess you can rest assured
that the Clarion wll last a few more
, moons yet. We were pushed for funds
when we made that appeal to you, but
as we have said, there were $300 or
more owing us and since stirring up
the locals we have had a little come-in.
We want to see the rest of the locals
send ln what is owing and it will
help us start out some organizers. The
Clarion has 2,000 more subscribers
than it had this last year and by taking advantage of the special offer you
can double it.
Here are the boys that responded to
the call for help:
Jas. Cuthbertson, Greenwood, B. C. 11
H. Judd, Brackendale, R C   10
D. G. McNair, Victoria, B. C  r*0
A. Patterson, Winnipeg, Man    10
J. J. McNey, Vancouver, B. C     0
J. Sldaway, Vancouver, B, C     0
Sam Bowman, Winnipeg, Man     I
A. H. Grewar, St. Catherines, Ont.   5
Alf. Budden, Organizer     5
A. G. McCullum, Ottawa, Ont     4
J. Rintoul, Coquitlam, B.C     4
Mrs. J. Li, Allan, West Fernle, B.C.   4
A. H. Browning, Medicine Hat, Alta   2
A Bonar, Moose Jaw, Sask     2
W. B. Birch, Regina, Sask     2
M. Lightstone, Montreal, Que     2
W. Green, Toronto, Ont..,	
A. Nash, Glace Bay, N. S	
J. Casey, Campbell River, B. C...-.
Jas. Naylor, Cumberland, B. C     2
J. W. Semeniuk, Edmunton, Alta...    2
Wm. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta     2
Thos. Hooher, Bassano, Alta     2
Singles—Chas. Wood, Mountain
House, Alta; A. A. McNeil, Ersklne,
Alta; W. K. Bryce, Demalne, Sask.;
S. Gage, Winnipeg; R. G. McCuthe-
son, Winnipeg; J. Watson, Winnipeg;
P. Faughman, Montreal; W. Davenport, Brantford, Ont.; C. McM Smith,
Brooklyne, N. Y.; M. W. Smith, Bever-
dell, B. C.,; J. J. Robinson, Ladysmith;
A, E. Tipper, city; J. Carson, Dawson,
Y. T.; Miss E. Sleep, Edmonton; Miss
S. Mushkat, Calgary.
Bundles-t-Jas. Rintoul, Coquitlam, B.
0., 5; Local Moose Jaw, Sask., 25.
Bassano suffered a visit from Agita-
Burge, of the I.W.W., generally known
aB the "I wont works," and following
a typical redrag speech he made on
the street Sunday, forty men quit work
at Dam, when Contractor McKlnnej<
refused a sudden demand by the la
borers for an increase of three dollars
per week, while council at the regular
session on Monday, shut down tight
on open meetings without permission
of council.
Burge is the "mosquito" representative of the Industrial Workers of the
World, who has been stirring up trouble In Vancouver, and who was refused permission to address open air
meetings ln Calgary,
The general impression prevails that
Burge is out to do nothing else but
cause unrest among the workmen,
and municipalities have taken strong
measures on this account,
He came down to Bassano Saturday
night, and Sunday addressed hundreds
of workmen from construction camps
in the vicinity on the evils of the
Incited by this speech, it ls alleged
that forty laborers at'the Dam Monday demanded all-round Increases
Convinced that he was paying a fair
wage, however, Mr. McKinney refused their demands, and they quit in
a body. Delay on the dam work is
feared in consequence, as construction
men are scarce this year.
It 'was brought to the attention of
the council at Monday night's meeting, and resulted in a resolution to the
effect that a bylaw be drafted prohibiting open air meeting on the public streets without express permission
of the council. The resolution was
put by Councillor Hames, was seconded by Councillor Shoop, and was
carried unanimously.
The above is a cutting from the
Bassane News published in the town
where a local of the S. P. of C. was
formed a few weeks back and this is
the strife that our baby Is causing.
Apparently the editor and the councillors are having an awful time with
these I. W. W.'s. who do not exist
there.' Comrade Burge was. appointed by the Alberta executive to go to
Bassano and help start the local, and
no doubt his speech affect the real
estate sharks and the petty business
men. They have been foolish enough
to put a stop to the street speaking.
It looks as though Bassane will pull
off a bigger fight than the one they
were expecting, and we wish to than*
the cochroach editor and the "mosquito" councillors for advertising Local Bassane No. 50 of the S. P. of C.
s Till July 16
Western Clarion
will be sent to any
address in  Canada,  •
Great Britain or New
Zealand for
Three Months
Ten Cents
Five Yearlies
Three Dollars
Ten Six Month
Three Dollars
Ten Three Month
One Dollar Fifty
Sub. Cards Good After
The sub cards that we are offering
at a special price can be used after
the 16th ot July. We need the money.
Send for a bunch.
Montreal gets ahead of Brandon this
week and St. Gatherlnes gets on the
list again. Local Cumberland gets the
prize of two volumes of Ancient Lowly,
We have no other prizes to offer at
present, but we would like to see an
energetic effort made for the grand
prize—The Co-Operatlve Commonwealth.
This is how they stand:—
Vancouver, B. C     1
Winnipeg, Man     2
Toronto, Ontario  3
Calgary,  Alberta   4
Edmonton, Alberta   5
Victoria, B. C	
Cumberland, B. C     7
Moose Jaw, Sask	
Fernle, B. C     9
Montreal, Que  10
Brandon, Man.,   11
New Westminster, B. C  12
Nelson, B.  C 13
Silverton, B. C 14
South Fort George, B. C 15
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia ...., 16
St. Catherines, Ont  17
Ottawa,  Ont   18
South Hill, Sask  19
Lethbridge, Alta  20
They    Are    Not   Organized    and    at
By Clyde J. Wright.
Watching and overlooking.
Watching the goal, overlooking the
Eyes for the object, blind to the
road,—stumbling upon the highway,
blundering pitfalls, struggling in
the ditches, missing the stepping
stones, sightless to dangers.
Dreams of where he wants to be,
a mental paralytic about the route;
he is mad on the way without knowing the way—without knowing there
Is a way he sleep-walks upon it. The
way is under his feet and he has no
wings. If he* had wings, the place
where ha wants to light is only a
place and if he lighted In it there
would be only himself and a place
because the nest ls yet to be built.
The dreamer who wants to annihilate space, live an hour in a minute,
measure a mile with an inch, to be
here and there at the same time, to
make hot cold, to make high low, to
make In out, to make up down.
He wants to dream of the co-operative commonwealth and then wake
up ln it. "Capture the power of government"—but why?
Why—why, to bring about the cooperative commonwealth.
With eyes like a gimlet burled in a
hole arched by his eyebrows, shadowed by a forehead with wrinkles
that form with muscles that are
strained, he looks overland without
seeing the land.
"Bring,"—bring what? Why, bring
the co-operative commonwealth.
"Bring"—that don't sound like
bridging a space or spanning a chasm,
If the co-operative commonwealth
is to be brought," then there is a
distance to be traveled, something to
be "brought," things to be done,
"powers" to be "captured."
One gang,—two gangs. One gam,
to ride, another to be ridden; one
gang to dream, another to live; one
gang to talk, another to work; one
gang to complain, another to construct; one gang to hope, another to
help; one gang to pay, another to]
prate; one gang to know-, another to
"knock;" one gang to disintegrate,
another to legislate.
The fellow who don't kriow how
wonders if anybody else does; the
fellow who does not see lhe point
wonders If there is a point; the fellow who does not understand politics
wants to Ignore it; the fellow who
does not understand legislation wants
to neglect It. He Is a philosopher
without a philosophy. He wants to
argue without an argument. He
wants to write, but haB no thoughts,
—truly a man without a country, a
politician without a party, a lost pll
grim U\ the desert of Indecision, mi*
information, malconformation, dls
trust and discouragement.
He Ib tbe optimistic pessimist, who
believes ln a miraculous dawn of time,
woh believes every constructive effort
tears down, who does not comprehend how to build up.
If No. 674 is on the address label
of your paper, yoUr subscription has
expired; if it Is anywhere in the seventies, you had better renew at once
bo aB not to miss any copies.
V, hose little horso are you? Somebody has got the reins pulled over you.
all right. Never mind; when you get
too old to work you will be turned out
for lhe rest of your life lo browse—
along Jie highways.
A parasite hates to be abolished.
Hence the hatred of the plute parasites to the working class doctrine of
Capital is a means of exploiting the
working class. Identity of Interest between capital and labor is impossible.
Efficiency ls another name for machine capacity. Arj you a machine
with the hand of capitalism interestedly fingering the lever?
We have- totitid that wealth
does not consist of monc'.',
stocks, bonds, railroads, factories or miheB.1 That with all these
the people might still be in'wajr-.
We have found that wealth
consists of good and abundai.
food, good and suitable clothln;,
good and comfortable home'
clear and intelligent mind:,
freedom to enjoy and develo;.
Now let's see who makes '
possible to have these things th •'
things that constitute wealth.
Labor creates food.
The    possessors    ot    money
stocks and bonds, the owners c
the earth, only    consume foot'
but do not create It.
Labor goes forth and tills th
Boll, reaps the grain,, grinds I
into flour, bakes lt Into brea'
Labor herds the cattle and
sheep, slaughters the beef an
cooks the meals.
Labor plants the trees, grow
the fruit, ships it out and serve
It at the table.
Can you point to one thing In.
the process of  obtaining    foe'
under present conditions that I
not accomplished by the   brain
and muscle of labor?
Labor creates clothing.
The   owners   of   the   cottor.
plantations and  sheep   ranches
and Bilk worms do not create
anything.     The  owners of tb'"
cotton gin, the textile mills an'
the tailoring establishments d
not work in them.    Stocks an
bonds and money cannot rai?r
a. Blngle pod of cotton, a poun'
of wool or produce a yard of silk
Labor  raises  and  shears  th;
sheep, raises and spins the cot
ton, gathers and weaves the sill
Labor cuts and uewB, fits anl
presses, distributes and furnisl
es   every   garment,   from    th
overalls that labor itself wear
to the costly wardrobes of tt
millionaire spendthrifts.
Labor creates the  hats    ar
the    shoes,    the    broadcloth—
everything used for the body of)
man, woman and child, while on
Mother Earth and when dead, from the
baby's long dresses to the shroud of
our loved ones when they are laid in
the sleep of death.
Money cannot build as much as a
wigwam. It cannot chop down a
tree nor turn over a stone.
Labor goes Into the forest, fells the
timber, saws it into boards, laths and
shingles, mouldings and finishing
Labor draws the plans and prepares
the foundation, lays the stone and
brick, makes the steel and iron
framework, cuts and polishes the
granite, laths and plasters, paints and
Labor makes the furniture and the
instruments  of  music, curtains    and
carpets stoves and furnaces. .^
Ten million dollars could not build
a corn crib without labor.
Labor  makes  possible  intelligence.
Dollars and checks    cannot   write
books or build libraries.    Stocks and
bonds   cannot   teach  school   or  run
Labor brings about experience and
writes books, delves into science and
the arts, probes into the mysteries of
Labor prints and preserves our literature, builds our libraries and
school houses, teaches our children
and developes the young folks.
With labor there would not be one
single school, not one newspaper or
magazine, not a chemistry or biology,
not a doctor nor an architect, not a
painter nor a sculptor.
Labor makes it possible for freedom.
The time required to get the material necessities of life Is the period ot
our enslavement.
Labor, by its inventive genius and
its ability to harness nature and make
her do most of our work, Iiub virtually
become the giver of liberty.
l<abor can In two or three hours
each day provide the material necessities for the whole race. Our period of
enslavement can be reduced still
further, and will finally be eliminated
Labor thus makcB it possible for the
race to be free from anxiety and worry, and to square such mental, moral
and social qualities as only union men
can picture.—The Advocate.
FREE to every
Every socialist in the world should get FREE
this thrilling story of the "Ball and Tyler Rebellion"
—an uprising of the people against the nqbles and
church in mediaeval England. Not one in a million has
ever seen this rare document which is merely one of
thousands of wonderful "original documents" in the
Library of Original Sources
which ALL socialists can get on an easy, co-operative
plan. This marvelous library is an eye-opener—it gives
the TRUTH that for ages capitalist Influence has kept
from the people to keep them under subjection. Here you
see the gradual rise of the people thru 7,000 years, from
slavery, serfdom, feudalism on to capitalism, all of which
shows you as plainly as a cross-roads guide board how the
Socialist Republic is developing out of the present system.
Shows How the Socialist Republic is Coming
Gives—for the first time—the real facts behind the ordinary
surface events which you read of in histories — the rock-bottom facts
red-hot from those daring men in all ages who had the courage to tell the
TRUTH even though they lost their uvea for it —and you know how
many of them did.   This daring work Is -        ■-     ■-
Published Expressly for Socialists
tiff. AU socialist
and other progressive people wlio do their own thinking- *-.-■;--■-.,«-.-■:
writers, editors and organizers use it and urge every Comrade to get it at
once. Socialists in the United States and Canada are using more of this
work than of all others combined.   No.other work gives more than
5* of.|hi9 red-hot stuff-
The Socialist Victories
In Milwaukee, Schenectady, Berkeley, Pasadena and
other cities were won because the comrades there have been
studying all sides of economics and government-—or
put It in plain worda— Socialism.   Then when the election fights were on they were able to show the rest of
the people just what Social'Y-m is and the reason for
it. Men will vote right, you know, when they know
what right is They have not been satisfied with
the government of greed, privilege and plunder—they have been merely kept in the dark,
but now when the comrades open their
eyea, they VOTE RIGHT.
Are You Prepared
To Do Your Part?
1 The* old capitalist papers and
politicians are baginnlngtotako notice
—they are getting soared^ The hardest
lioksmustbestruck NOW. Arevoupre-
Bared to help? Merger. Spargo, Warren.
Intons.LondoL Wuylanil.Unylonl, Untermann. Irvine. Lewis—ALL leaden
say the best preparation you can make Is
to read the Library of Original Source*
—"greatest work extant for socialists."
If you want to help —and we
know you do—send today lor the won-
ilorfiil "Wall and Tyler" story and Snd
out how you ean get a whole library of
the Kamo kind on tbe easiest co-operative plan In the world. BUT only the
Introductory edition will be distributed
on this plan, so write today or you may
!>■- too late, as the large edition Is going
like hot cakes.
A British Columbia comrade asks if.
there is a law to compel state militia
of the U. S. A. to serve in more than
one state and if so under what conditions. We do not know whether
there Is a law to that effect or not, but
we know that if one state was badly
in need of some of those ruffians they
would find ways and means of getting
them out of another state. There is
also the Dick Military Law that com-
pells every able-bodied man to serve
in the militia at any time the authorities need them. This law would be
very useful to the State in case of a
general strike, as they would be able
to call out the men, not to shoot down
the strikers but to take the place of
glutted. Then production is strangled.
There ls no demand and no prospect
of sale for further products. The Incentive to create wealth has ceased.
The machines are Btopped, the factories partially or wholly shut down,
the workers thrown out of employment, and all the miseries of famine
stalk the land because too much
wealth exists.
If the means of living were in the
case of the pigeons in St. Paul's
Churchyard an entirely different social system would of necessity result.
But first, lt must be noted, the real
position of the pigeon is different to
its nominal position. The effect of the
straining of the law is to make the
the  strikers, anyone  refusing  to  do j pigeon the property of the community,
so would be liable to imprisonment
Comrades Budden and O'Brien are
still hitting It up good and strong In
Alberta, and they won't be happy till
Alberta is all red.
Have you sent in that bunch of ten
subs and a dollar yet?
(Continued from page one)
competing against one another for labour power at the lowest price, and
between worker and worker competing for jobs—all these relations and
institutions are set up by the possession of the means of living by a class.
One other great and striking characteristic of the present social system
arises ont of this basic property condition, but one to whicli we are so accustomed that we are surprised to (Ind
that the feature Is peculiar to the
present system. It ls that all the
wealth of society Is produced as commodities, that Is, as articles for sule
Instead of for the use of lhe producer. I
This Is a very important distinction.!
It takes nwuy from mankind the Bane, I
logical purpose of productive effort,
and replaces It with an Incentive more
mad even than tl)c inmnles of Bedlam, j
Bread  ls no longer produced  to  feed\
but the capitalist law is always shamefaced when acting on behalf of the
community—it cannot understand anything other than private property.
Were the means and instruments of
production the property of no individuals, but of the community as a community, the wages system could not
exist. Each one having equal right ot
access to the means of living, none
would be compelled to sell his labour-
power to another person In order to
live. In addition, none would purchase labour-power, firstly because
none would have opportunity to do so,
and secondly, because, even If any
could, since no Individuals would possess the means of production, none
would be able to exploit labour-power.
So society could not be composed of
two or more classes—could know no
class distinction at all, in fact. It
could not contain masters and men
and could not be founded on the labour- of a section of the community.
No able-bodied member of the com
miinlty would be exempted from rendering his due quota of useful service
to the community, in return for the
material wealth which society placed
at Ills disposal, for In the absence of
private ownership tliere would be nolh-
Ing on Which to base sucli privileges.
And In a social system founded up-
people,   but   because   profit   may   be|on  common  ownership  in  Uie  means
made from Its production and sale.
And the remark applies to all other
Where goods are produced  for use
the  Incentive to  produce  remains as
long as a human need is unsatisfied.
But   when   production   Is  for  sale,  It
ceases when goods cannot   be    sold,
though the children of a nation are
crying   for   bread   and   perishing   for
want of clothing and shelter.
And,    strange    as    it  may appear,
with   the  productive  Instru-
I ments  belonging  to   those   who   use
them, there may be famine as the re-
  suit of scarcity, with the Instruments
Local Toronto reports good progress \ belonging to those who do not use
of propaganda work and owing to Ithpm lhere m,18t be faraine on "*><-'°unt
growth of local they have got to move \ °r the ver>r Plenitude of wealth.
The  reason  for  this  Is  not  far to
Comrade W. K. Bryce donates one
dollar towards the Saskatchewan organizers fund. The provincial secre
taryhas sent out appeals to comrades
In Saskatchewan and if you bave not
answered yours yet, I appeal to'you to,
dig down now and help swell the list,'
and remember that "He who would be
free himself must strike the blow.
Into  bigger  headquarters.
Local Ottawa Is going some these
days having a good bunch of workers
with a determination to do something.
They look forward to some good results In the near future.
Any suggestions regarding organization work will be greatly appreciated
at this office.
seek. The wealth the wage worker
produces must, In order to satisfy the
employer, exceed the amount of his
wages, and therefore must exceed the
amount he Is able to buy back and
consume. Thin surplus of commodities, far In excesr, of the requirements
of the masters themselves, accumulates In the warehouses until the
mass Is so vast that the markets are
of living, goods could not possibly be
produced for sule. As now tho machinery and factories—the masterB, so
then the product of labour would belong to the owners of the means of
production—the community. The community could not sell the goods to
Itself, and there would be no party
outside the community to whom to
sell. Hence goods could only be produced for use, and production would
continue as long as there were social
needB to be satisfied.
What has been said shows how the
social system of today Is "based upon
the ownership of the means of living
by the capitalist or master class," and
also how this class ownership results
In the enslavement of tho working
class, who are doomed to a life of
drudgery and want because every
avenue of life Is closed to them save
that of tho wage-labour market. But
while It has been shown that the
basis of society determines the form of
the social structure, no attempt has
been made to explain what determines
the basis of society. This point will
arise In another connection.
A. E. Jacomb in Socialist Standard. PAGE FOUR
SATUlAAf JUNE  29,  1912.
ii f
Why Not Enjoy
What You Produce?
Leaflet Number Thirteen.
Wouldn't you like to wear better clothes, eat better food,
live in a. bettor house, work shorter hours under better condition than you do now?    Of course you would.
Now, who builds all the nice houses which we see all
around us? The working elass—and they themselves live in
shacks or tenements.
Who make all the fine garments and themselves dress in
shoddy rags?   Again the working class.
Who live on the cheapest and most adulterated foods,
whilst themselves producing all the good things to eat? Who
build automobiles and then walk? Once more the working
Why do you deliver up all these good things to those who
never produced them? Because you have to!
Why do you have to? Because you work for wages, your
labor-power that you sell for wages being a commodity like
butter, eggs, cheese or potatoes, its price is governed by the
same laws which govern the price of butter, eggs, cheese and
potatoes. Your labor-power is bought by your employer just
as he buys coal, coke, lumber or any other raw material.
With the aid of modern machinery, the productive power
of human labor is wonderful. The workers produce many
times more than they can buy back again and enjoy. Why
cannot they buy it back again? They haven't the means to
buy it back!
.  Who have thc means?   The capitalist class!
Who are the capitalist class? The people who own the
earth! That economic elass in human society which owns the
land, railroads factories and mines.
Then why can these people buy all the good things that
you produce? By virtue of their ownership of the things by
which you make a living. By virtue of their ownership of the
land, railroads, factories and mines.
■ By what right do the capitalist class own these means'of
production? By reason of their making and building them?
.No.   The workers make and' build them.
Because they manage andj'tin them? No; The capitalists
pay men to manage and run them—workingmen.
Why, then, do they own them? Because they have certain pieces of paper which say that they own them. Because
they control the powers of government, the parliaments, law,
courts, armies, navies and police to back them up when they
say that they own them.
And now, last question if all, why do they control the
powers of government? For the simple reason that you say
that they can do so by voting them into power, and when you
make up your mind that they won't control the powers of government, well, they won't control that power any longer!
For as you know, parliaments are made by votes, and, it so
happens, the working class has the majority of those votes.
And when you do this the capitalist class won't have any
power behind them when they say that they own the means
of production whereby they rob you of the fruits of your
labor. Do you think that you deserve the full product of
your labor? Of course you do! Then vote for the Socialist
Party, which stands for it. i
But what about the other parties, don't they interest you
with their platforms, programs and "issues"? Not a bit.
What interests you is the fact-that you are being robbed as a
producer by the present system of capitalism. All political
parties other than the Socialist, are supporters of capitalism.
No matter whether they label themselves Liberal, Tory or as
in some cases in places where the workers are getting conscious of their position—the so-called "Labor" party. Make
no mistake, the Socialist Party alone advocates Socialism and
it only will destroy capitalism in the interests of the working
class alone!
The present system of property iu the means of wealth
production is based upon the production of things for the
profit that may be obtained from the process. The fact that
people require the things that are produced, in order to consume them in the satisfaction of their wants is merely incidental to.the real purpose of production. When there is no
longer a profit to be obtained by the production and disposal
of any commodity, its production will cease no matter what
suffering may be entailed upon humankind because of such
cessation of production. Once the capitalist motive is lacking
—that is, the ability to obtain a profit by the process—industry must cease, no matter how many persons may actually
starve to death in consequence.
With the production for profit as the prime motive of industry there flows from it, as a perfectly logical consequence,
all of the abnormalities, paradoxes and pestiferous phenomena
that beset and afflict human society today, and reduces its
members to the level of brute beasts engeged in savage warfare
among themselves, each one consumed with the purpose of saving his own hide at no matter what cost to the rest. Arrogant
and vulgar wealth upon one hand and servile and equally
vulgar poverty upon the other, greets thc observer whichever
way he may turn. Almast within the shadow of the mansion
of wealth is found the rabbit hutch of poverty. Gaunt hunger
slinks along streets that are lined with warehauses filled to
the roof with everything requisite for human comfort. Ships,
rich-laden with thc products of industry, go abroad to dump
their contents upon people who do not want them, while the
plundered victims of capitalist robbery starve and die because
of that robbery. Vice, crime, corruption and degradation
flourish like a green bay tree, though moral precepts atid lofty
ethical conceptions are voiced by an army of hirelings and
devotees of capital who receive payment for their vocal en-
cubrations out of the rich swag wrung from an enslaved
working class by the conscienceless masters of modern industry.
As thc merry game goes on spreading physical and moral
degeneration in its wake, from out the unrest and discontent,
that production for profit engenders in human society, comes
many a well-meaning one who purposes to inaugurate some
reform that will, in his estimation, wipe out some particular
evil that has attracted his attention. Not realizing that all
the evils afflicting society spring directly from the economic
basis upon which social institutions rest, our reformer sees
visions of conditions most felicitous, once his pet reform has
been applied. He overlooks the fact that although his special
nostrum as incorporated into the law of the land, the fundamental basis of modern production would not have been altered, and, therefore, the ill-effects flowing therefrom would
not be abolished. In other words, the reiormer is deluded
with the belief that the evils of which he complains flow from
the wrongful acts of men instead of being the logical expression of the economic principle underlying the social and industrial life of his time.
Production for profit—capitalist production—can bring
forth only those conditions and phenomena with which we are
surrounded upon every hand. He who would preserve this
system of production and at the same, time cry out against
its effects, and attempt to prevent the latter without first
abolishing the former, is about as wise as he, who, acknowledging the potency of law of gravitation, should attempt to
prevent, by legal enactment, the man who fell from the top
of a four-story building, from gettin a severe jolt when he
struck the ground.
Reform is a delightfully amusing plaything by means of
which surface-skimmers may while away an idle hour without
danger of brain fag. But all reforms are as futile as Mother
Partington's effort to sweep back the tide with her broom.-
The Socialist is no reformer. He insists that production
for profit must be abolished and production for use become
the fundamental principle underlying social institutions. As
production for use cannot imply the enslavement of labor, the
evil results that flow from the present system, which is based
entirely upon the wage servitude of the workers and production for profit, must vanish. Under production for use labor
would be free, because no longer exploited by a profit-monger-
ing class, as at present. The fundamental basis, the groundwork from which the evils afflicting present day iwciety
spring, i. e., capitalist production, or production for profit,
having given way to a new economic principle,—production
for use,—those evils would of necessity die along witli the
economic principle that brought them forth. The enslavement
of labor being brought to an end, the vices,, crimes, corruption and degradation incidental to slavery must inevitably
Reform is a fallacy unworthy of acceptance by any one
not in his dotage. Happily, this is being recognized by an
ever increasing number of people, hence, the Army of the
Revolution gains in strength and numbers..—Editorial.
The science of Sociology has now be-
modern philosophers are digging into
come an international study, learned
old historical records with an unbiased
mind are bringing before the world
authenticated facts that have been
kept hidden from the masses for centuries. Prom the effort of the modern
researcher we now learn that every
sphere of labor under the sun was organized for economic purposes under
the Solonic and Numlan law one
thousand years before Christ. The
very rag pickers, washer women and
street artist came under the ban of
the law framed exclusively for workers. Solon recognized the economic
necessity for workers to organize to
protect themselves from the clutches
of greedy money-grabbers. To comply
with the law of compulsion each Union
must have a Lord and a burial attachment. The elected Lords, acting
in the capacity of presidents, made
contracts with the ancient government
on behalf of their respective Unions
and with the monthly contributions of
organized members. The Lords also
purchased goods first cost, the same
being prepared and served at the common table by deacons. Christ and
his disciples were nothing more than
presidents elected by those ancient
Unions spreading the gospel of organized labor. Christ maintained it was
easier for a rich man to pass through
the eye of a needle than become a
member of an ancient Union. The
growth of organized labor, their peaceful methods of living and the use of
the ballot, although disfranchised as
far as the government was concerned,
created a fear among the rullers.
Jealousy and hatred Infused within
the human breast and in the interest
of the best best citizens and other
rulers the great Claudia cunningly induced the Unions to manufacture
weapons of war. Reeking with ven-
gence and a blood-thirsty appetite,
those ancient bullies with their armies
of hired aesaslns, armed to the hill,
scoured the country, driving fleeing
fugitives from every hole and crevice.
Hundreds of thousands of innocent
men, women and children fell by the
very sword they themselves were induced to make. The open jaws of unsophisticated greed and epicurism
opened up a veritable hell of torture,
suffering and death, devouring the last
remnant of ancient organized labor.
Surrounded on all sides by hard and
Imperious masters, watched by spies
of the law, Intimidated, robbed and
crushed by oppression the ancient
workers looked forward to the coming
of a great Messiah to relieve their
acute suffering. The smouldering
ashes of the ancient Unions smoked
through many years, the little light began to flicker with the dawn of Capitalism, developing into a great flame,
bursting forth like a volcano, gathering momentum and spreading throughout the length and breadth of, the world,
The transfigured Messiah at last peeped through the silver lining of fearful
darkness, casting its rays upon modern unionism, illuminating the way
to liberty. Its sparkling brilliancy
makes the rich turn pale, it shines
upon the poor man's table, its dazzling splendors makes the old grow
younger, lt opens the gates for the
escape of white slaves. The sound
of the trump of freedom re-echos with
indescribable joy, it gladdens the heart
of the weary and tired toiler. At last!
At last! The Messiah (the great cooperative commonwealth), steps upon
the stage of human duty and chains
that fiend "Capitalism," not only for
a thousand years, but for all time to
come. GEO. PATON.
Don't Btand with you hands In your
pockets and your mouth open, In the
expectation that the other fellow will
come along and do what YOU MUST
soil surrounding your grey matter and
butt in with your fellows to do some
fighting, right now.
By Hector Macpherson.
Pleasure seeking ts said to be characteristic of the present age. Certainly Epicurus has no lack of followers;
in the temple of pleasure there are no
lack of worshippers. But it is well to
remember that the modern mind is not
entirely given over to pleasure seeking. There is such a phenomenon as
knowledge seeking. The increased
facilities for amusement have certainly
tended to weaken the intellectual appetite of the public, but notwithstanding this there is abroad, a genuine
and widespread interest in the serious side of life, showing itself in a
desire for serious reading. Among
the higher classes, those of wealth
and leisure, Intellectual pursuits are
not so popular as they once were.
Booksellers, whom I have consulted,
Inform me that in the old leisurely
days they had large numbers of regular customers belonging to the higher, classes, but a change has taken
place with the advent of the motor and
the week-end holiday. When we turn
to the working classes we discover a
great improvement in this respect.
Reading with them—or at least large
sections of them—is no mere amusement of the fleeting hour. Life to
them Is too often a grim struggle for
existence, and they wish to know why
it is so, and whether nothing con be
done to bridge the yawning gulf between the luxuries of the favored
few and the grinding toil of the hapless many. Naturally the reading of
the workers takes the direction of
economic problems. The authors
most popular among working clasB
readers are those who deal with
economic subjects from the Socialistic, semi-Socialistic, and Democratic
standpoints. But the greater fields of.
knowledge are by no means neglected.
Man does not live by economics alone.
He desires to know something of the
world in which he lives, of the history of civilization, and of the products of humanity's thinking as embodied in literature, etc. There is,
however, a difficulty. The field of
knowledge is so vast, the deluge of
books on all kinds of subjects so great,
that the earnest student is sorely perplexed as to what to read and how to
No Progress Without Method.
Publishers come to the rescue with
small books on great subjects, at
prices which are within the reach of
all. When now we get at the price
of Gd. considerations and expositions
of educative literature in all branches
of knowledge, science, philosophy,
poetry, blrgraphy, etc., surely we have
reached the time predicted by the prophet of old when knowledge would
flow down the streets like livers of
water. Still In the midst of this
marvelous flood of books one thing ls
lacking. Intellectual confusion wlll result unless into his reading the student Introduces method. The butterfly habit of flitting from subject to
subject is fatal to genuine intellectual
progress. Of course readers will have
their denominating tastes. Some will
stick to literature in the strict sense
of the term; some wlll specialize in
hlBtory; while others may find themselves at home In the severer branches
of science. The reader who desires
to have an all-round culture in so far
as books contribute to that end had
better adopt a wider method. In my
own case I have found it an excellent
method to be guided In my reading by
the doctrine of evolution. To understand one thing properly you must
study ItB origin. If a reader is fond
of science he will do well to start
with astronomy, especially that branch
of it that deals with the evolution of
the planetary and stellar systems
from the primitive nebulae. When he
has a clear view of astronomy he will
then be In a position Intelligently to
study geology, which leads naturally
to the fascinating subject of biology,
in the study of which the reader will
find the key to some of the vital pro-
Removedfrom 58 Hornby Si. to
A Good Place to Eat at
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
blems which today-are troubling us In
the region of sociology.
The Line of Evolution.
How essential it is for the student
to pursue his studies along the lines
of evolution is seen in the fact that he
who seeks to understand social and
economic questions without a knowledge of biology will find himself severely handicapped. In dealing with
history, the student who has at command the light thrown upon civilization by biology and sociology will find
himself master of a mass of knowledge
which will guide him in dealing with
the practical problems of life. In regard to the lighter side of knowledge
—literature, poetry, the drama, etc—
these, to be understood intelligently,
should be studied in tne order of their
historical evolution. The scheme
which I have outlined is quite within
the reach of working men. In these
days of free libraries and cheap books,
the best literature in all departments
of knowledge is now within reach of
the humblest in the land, but these
opportunities will avail little if reading is pursued on unsystematic IlueB.
Those who indulge in irregular dyspepsia; the more they read the less
intellectual nutriment they derive from
it. From the standpoint of citizenship, as well as personal culture, methodical reading is of the highest value.
Today grave social problems are demanding solution; and now that Democracy is a dominating factor in public affairs it behoves all classes, especially working men, to come to the
study of these problems with fully
equipped mind and alert intelligence.
—Reynolds' Weekly.
Book and
VANCOUVEB,   B.   0.
Voltaire's Lectures and Essays...
Modern     Science     and    Modern
The Teachings of Huxley	
Paine's Political Writings	
Problems of the Future—Laing...
The Confession of Faith ot a Man
of Science—Haeckel	
All books postage paid.
People's Bookstore
152 Cordova St. W.
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ae.
quickly nscortAln our opinion free whether .a
Invention Is probnbly piuentubla. Communications «trlotly oonlldomliil. |'""'
sent froe. OldQBt nconcy for semiring jMleiiU.
Patents taken through Munn Ar
special notice, without coarse, In tho
k Co.no
Scientific Himricam
k hkUMUotntt. Hlwtnted weekly. Urge* -dr-
culatlon of n-ny totaatUk JimrraU. Twmi for
C-uuuU, $--.75 » year. potUge prepftkL Sold bf
all nawtdtitUeri.
Bi»nur of***, Sit. V x%i Wmhtvseren.
"What shall the harvest be?" Simply what we sow for, with our votes.
If we can make conditions just a
little better, that will help some; but
we can make them a whole lot better,
and thst will help still more. Socialists do not expect to make a perfect
world; there is no such thing, although
it can be more perfect. We are eternally struggling toward perfection, but
never getting there.
One reason why we hear of so many
men who will not work is that some
puny child or woman has captured the
jobs the men might have got, simply
because women and children can be
hired for less wages. What good,
kind people we are to let parasites
fatten from the toil of adolescent children, while strong men wander the
streets hoping for employ! The child
gets the job, the saloon gets the
child's father, and the mother gets
left to become a prostitute, if she
wishes. Yes; we are good, kind people.
Times were never so good In the
world—for the rich.
Socialism will, when it comes, be an
inheritance of opportunity which every
man can leave to all his children, and
it will be better than all the money he
could possibly leave them.
Vancouver City
and Suburban
Real Estate
B.C. Acreage and Fruit Lands
W. W. Lefeaux
Labor Temple, Vancouver
and at
West Vancouver & Revelstoke
Last week Judge Mclnnes quashed
the convictions of three men who had
been sentenced to the ' Vancouver
chain-gang in May by the police magistrate. The men were arrested during the early part of the strike on
the C. N. R.. and were handed out a
sentence of six months.
Now, after serving nearly a month
at grubbing out stumps on food that
a dog would reject, it Ib discovered
that they have done nothing to warrant such treatment and are set at
liberty to meditate on the advantages
of living under the British flag, where
an accused person always Is given
the benefit of the doubt and a policeman's word ls never accepted as final.
It would be productive of very interesting Jesuits if all the convictions
In the local police court since tho revival of the chain-gang were submitted to a like scrutiny.
The men were released without
speeches on either Bide, the judge deciding that the evidence on which
they were convicted was not sufficient
to warrant thetr conviction.
The best and cheapest
Cordova Boarding House
612 Cordova Street East
In all Countries. Ask for our Inventor's Adviser. Marion & Marion,
364 University Street, corner St. Catherine Street, Montreal, and Washington. D. 0„ U. S. A.
Brackendale -Cheakamus
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
50 ^urtaltat &0ti0a
with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
labor mass meetings, the home,
etc. Propaganda on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps or coin.
Address, Socialist Literature Co.,
•'Dept. P» 15 Spruce St.,
New York City
We need money and we want    to
make way for new pamphlets.  Therefore we make the following offer:
Manifesto of S. P. of C   10c
Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism    10c
Socialism and Unionism     6c
Slave of the Farm      5c
Struggle for Existence     6c
Summary of Marx' "Capital" 5c
The State and Government    6c
Value, Price and Profit 5c
Party   Lapel
Price: 50c each
or 5 for $2.00
Dominion Executive Committee
Labor Temple
301 Dominion Trust Building
Vancouver, B.C.


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