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Western Clarion Aug 17, 1912

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Array iVNED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OP CANADA
feteH-A, *
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS OF THE WORKING CLASS ALONE
NUMBER 681
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1912
Subscription Price •■  ml,■
PKR Y1UR       •IslU
APHORISMS OF SOCIALISM
Being an Explanation of the Declaration of Principles
of the Socialist Party of Great
Britain.
APHORISM II.
In society there it an antagonism of
Interests, manifesting itself as a class
struggle, between those who possets
but do not produce, and thote who produce but do not possess.
We saw, in considering our first
aphorism, that society is divided into
two classes—a class of sellers of labor-
power and a class of buyers of labor-
power. This division was seen-to arise
from the class ownership of the means
of life—those who do not poBS*ess being
compelled to sell their labor-power to
those who do.
This sale and purchase of labor-
power resolves those Who possess Into
non-producers and those who do not
possess Into producers.
Hehce we have, in the terms of our
second aphorism, a class "who possess
but do not produce," and a class "who
produce but do not possess."
The proposition is that between
these two classes in society there is
an antagonism of Interests manifesting
Itself as a class struggle.
The very nature of selling and buying presupposes opposing interests.
While sales, ln the long run, are exchanges of equal values, Individually
they are not necessarily so. A given
class or grade of goods may at one
time be .selling above, and at another
below, ifs value. In these cases the
sales are not exchanges of-equal values. But eventually the high and the
low prices cancel each other, and so
the result is arrived at that sales, In
the long run, are exchanges of equal
values.
The reason, of course, of -this fluctuation of prices, is that their adjustment is left to the forces of competition.
It is clear that, since commodities,
as such, are insensate, and have no
will power to fight their own battles,
it is, in reality their owners who must
stand ln opposition to one another. It
ls they who resist the forces of competition when those forces are against
them, and use them to their utmost
capacity when they are In their favor.
It is only by this continual struggle
of buyers and sellers against one another—the former to buy as cheap as
they can, the latter to sell for the
highest possible figure—that prices
are determined. Without this struggle
we cannot imagine prices falling
when goods are plentiful by comparison with demand, and rising when the
reverse condition obtains.
This struggle, presupposed by the
competitive exchange of goods which
we call buying and selling, can only
arise out of opposing and conflicting
interests. Therefore the sale presupposes the struggle; the struggle presupposes antagonism of interests.
Without the last, then, we cannot
have the first, and where the flrst
(buying and selling) is discovered,
there the last (antagonism of inter-
eats) must Inevitably exist.
So when we show that society is
<llvlded into two classes, one of which
bas no means of livelihood other than
selling its labor-power to the other, we
"have no option but to conclude that
there Is an antagonism of interests be
tweeh those classes.
Let us look at it another way. The
■struggle is over the possession of the
product of the workers' toil. Whatever this product may amount to, and
•whatever form it may take, this fact
concerning it remains constant: the
more of lt that is taken by the producer, the less there remains for the
non-producer, and the larger the portion taken by the non-producer the
smaller must be the amount remaining
for the producer.
In such case neither side can prosecute its own interest without detriment
TO NEW READER8
If you get this paper sent
you, it is paid for.
All we wish you to do is to
study it, and if you find anything in it that you object
to, wr'te to the office of publication and let us know to
what you disagree.
This paper is published in
the interests of the working
class, therefore if you ase a
wage worker it is to your
interest to study it.
to the other, and hence again we find
that "in society there is an antagonism
of interests between those who possess
but do not produce and those who produce but do not possess."
In the case of buyers and sellers of
ordinary commodities, that is, the products of labor, this antagonism of interests cannot manifest Itself as a
class struggle, because there ls no
class distinction between buyers and
sellers as buyers and sellers. That
which draws the class line between
those who possess but do not produce
and those who produce but do not possess, ls not the fact that the one does
not produce and the other does, but that
the one buys labor-power and the other
sells it. It is the fact that the one
possesses and the other does not.
As a matter of fact buyers and sellers cannot be separated Into classes
as such, for every buyer becomes a
seller in his turn. So the antagonistic
interests, in the ordinary commodities
market, can only manifest themselves
in a series of struggles between Individuals or groupB of indlvduals.
On the other hand, ln the labor market, the buyers and sellers are only
such because of the class distinction.
There buyers and sellers are classes
apart. The buyer only becomes a buyer by becoming a possessor and so
passing into the other class, and the
buyer only becomes a seller by becoming dispossessed and bo being precipitated into the propertyless class. And
this changing about is comparatively
rare in the latter case and extremely
rare in the former.
In these circumstances, then, whatever may be the differences between
individual workers as competitors for
the sale of labor-power, and between
Individual non-producers as competitors in the purchase of labor power,
the two classes, aB long aB they exist
as such, must always be opposed to
each other as buyers and sellers,.
. The breach between the individuals
of the same class may to some extent
be closed, for ltiis largely a superficial
breach. It has been said that the
more one class takes of the product of
labor the less falls to the lot of the
other class. This means that class
interests must be antagonistic. Between individuals of the same class, no
such thing is true. One worker does
not necessarily get less because an
other gets more, nor does the Increased
share of one capitalist necessarily
leave less for another. The capitalist
does not increase his wealth by taking
away from his fellow capitalist, but by
subtracting from the worker.
The sectional interests, therefore
differ from the clasB interests in this
that though they are often antagonistic they are not fundamentally so. The
class interests, on the contrary, must
inevitably clash.
As further urging the point, it is recognized among both classes that the
conflicting Interests of sections may be
reconciled by substituting combination
for competition. Hence we have rings,
trusts, combines, mergers and assocl
ations on the masterB' side, and trade
unions on the workers' side.
The conflict of sectional Interests
then, since these interests are section
al, can only manifest Itself as sectional
struggles; but the antagonism of class
Interests must, from its class nature,
exhibit itself In the form of a struggle
between the classes.
This class struggle is not fought out
with the same degree of consciousness
at all tlmeB, for which reason it does
not at all times wear the same aspect.
In the earlier days of the present system its nature was masked. There
did not exist the same clear line of dis
tinction between the two classes. Men
were unoonseiouB of the secrets of capitalist production, and therefore could
not realize the irreconcilable antagonism of interests between the classes
in society.
The reasons for this are many, but
they all have one foot upon the same
stone: the stage of development of the
means and instruments of producing
wealth.
Thus these means and Instruments
had not then reached the giant proportions and stupendous costliness which
forbid the worker ever hoping to become a possessor of them and so lifting himself into the clasB above. Such
uprising on the part of Individual
workers was in the early days of capitalism so common an occurrance as to
WAGE SLAVERY.
A question has been asked as to
what is the difference between chattel slavery and wage slavery.
There is some difference between
the chattel slave of days gone by and
the wage slave of today.
The chattel slave had a place to
sleep, wat furnished food regularly,
was clothed, and, when taken ill, had
the services of a physician.
The wage slave when unemployed
is usually homeless, hungry, ragged,
and, when ill, is without medical attendance.
A' master has an INTEREST in a
chattel slave, but a master has no
INTEREST in a wage slave, for his
place can be filled so easily by the
victims of hunger and want. The
chattel slave was OWNED, but no exploited wants OWNERSHIP in a wage
slave.
The wage slave of today is a cheaper commodity than the chattel slave
of half a century ago.
HOW ABOUT IT?
"What did you tell that man just
now?"
"I told him to hurry."
"What right have you to tell him
to hurry?"
"I pay him to hurry."
"What do you pay him?"
"Two dollars a day."
"Where do you get the money with
which to pay him?"
"I sell bricks."
"Who makes the bricks?"
"He does."
"How many bricks does he make?"
"Twenty-four men can make 24,000
bricks a day."
"Then instead of your paying him,
he pays you $5 a day for standing
around and telling him to hurry?"
"Well, but I own the machinery."
"How did you get the machinery?"
"Sold bricks and bought."
"Who made the bricks?"
"Shut up, you'll make the fools wake
up, and then they'll make the bricks
for themselves."—Socialist News.
LOOKING FOR A JOB.
A jobless worker asks why at 6
o'clock in the evening he feels like a
race horse and nothing seemt impossible, why he can brace up and throw
out his chest and say to himself that
in the morning he will go right out
and find a boss and ask him for a
job, why he can boast that he is afraid
Qf no man on earth, and then wake up
in the morning and feel like a whipped cur that has not even been in
a light?
Why, man, it's because you are a
stranger on strange ground. You are
a wanderer in another man's country.
You trespass on another man's property and live by another man's grace.
Wby, man; you are in the grip of
another man's hand. You breathe by
virtue of another man's will. You eat
by permission of another man. You
find a shack to put your body in when
it is cold by the goodness of another
man. You work and you Idle at the
whimsical will of another nan. You
have a wife and children, according
to the liberty that the other man gives
you.
Why, man, you are a slave. You
have chains around your neck and
around your wrists, and about your
ankles. You have a losh over you
and a scourge beating upon your
back. You have a master squeezing
the life blood out of you. You have an
oppressor with an iron heel crushing
you into the ground.
Why, man, yeu are a fool.
You can own the earth In which
you sojourn. You can take the job
you are asking for. You can eat
bread without begging. You can cast
away your master. You can break
your chains. You can put down your
oppressor.
Why, man; you can be free and
hopeful and nappy and have £leiity.
You .can, If you wake up.
One of the latest fads of the New
York female parasites is the wearing
of stoolrings .made of 14 carat gold and
costing over $100 a pair.
LIKE SHADOWS OF THE NIGHT
You can see them as a reflex of our
economic system. You can notice
them wherever you go, lurking *from
behind the folds of darkness, like
shadows of the night, plying their disgusting  "trade."
Most of them are true at heart, as
honest as the bishop's wife, and as
good as their sisters, who in their innocent ignorance, sing sacred hymns
on the street corners.
They hail from the four corners of
the globe, but, bound together by their
disgrace, they all belong to one great
race, the race of the forlorn, the outcast.
They do not complain of their lot.
Their environment Bhrouds them in
■stupidity. They have become dull, immune to their miseries. They look
upon their disgusting livelihood as a
necessary vocation, as good and honorable as the rest. Nay, they find
Prostitution, once they are in ItB
throes, nicer and fairer than slavery
in sweatshops, laundries, mills, etc.
This way at least they can live and
forget and pass through a short delirium of incessant change, and although knowing how fast their end
muBt come, they prefer this life to long
years of worry and tolfl. Among
them we flnd "old young ones" and
"young old ones," but all of them are
learning to achieve the mastery of the
art of alluring men. Capitalism has
completely commercialized them, and
like furies they pounce on their prey.
Callous and business-like they speak
of their profession, and feel hard
times and good times like laborers,
( politicians and men of business.
Like all other traders they have
their ups and downs, but as long as
they are young enough to attract those
animals called bachelors, "also foul
products of society," they can get
along. Once their charms fade, down
they sink deeper and deeper, till at
last to be namelessly burled In the potter's field.
Like all "decent" women, those unfortunates have their jealousies, vanities, ambitions, hatreds, griefs and
pains. Born out of the system, they
strike terror back to the latter, by
spreading disease and pollutlon-among
the many "respectable" families,
Hurled down to the abyss by the fathers, they take revenge by polluting
their sons and daughters.
Like a thousand headed hydra, prostitution grows greater and greater in
How Science Has Demolished the Theory of Free
Wilt and Is Arming the Slave Wit- the WOI
to Be Free.
very power that brought lt to life
Homeless, hopeless and shapeless, millions of women are forced by the ex
isting economic conditions to degrade
themselves, to cast virtue, honor and
pure woman's love in the foul gutter.
Those respectable women, wives of
small traders and petty capitalists,
who look upon their fallen sisters with
disdain and christian contempt, do not
realize that the same fate may at any
time overtake them, that the death of
or long Illness of their husbands and
bread-earners may at any period throw
them into the lowest pit of destitution,
whence as a last resort they must become harlots, or die THESE PAINTED, DISSIPATED LOOKING FEMALES HAVE ALSO ONCE HAD A
HOME, THE LOVE OF A MOTHER
AND FATHER. But things have
changed since their childhood days.
The thunderbolts of capitalism, in the
shape of unemployment, hunger, disease, destitution and other modern
curses struck them, and gradually
transformed them Into these depraved
and perverted characters, that accost
us on the street, with the offer of their
bodies.
It is ridiculous, under existing conditions, to talk of stamping their breed
out, absurd to dream of extinguishing
that ever growing evil. While one
woman may he saved there are a hundred to take her place. Prostitution
is not only the result, but. part and
parcel of our system. You will meet
with the same success holding a hurricane back as trying to prevent the further spread of prostitution. Society
needs a thorough spring cleaning.
The basis on which it rests, the capitalist ownership of the means of production, which enables a small portion
of the population of this world to enslave the rest, must be rent asunder
before evils like prostitution can be
exterminated. Only when every man
and woman living will have free access to the necessary means of production, to enable them to produce
everything for their physical comfort,
and spiritual welfare, only then can
that monster, prostitution, be subdued
and annihilated.    J. K, MEROLER.
(Continued on page four)
One thing about the English Insurance act It has been the making of
lots of jobs for the political hangers
on. A few more Lloyd George schemes
and every Liberal will have a political
in extent, bec6mlng a menace to the job.
During the past century science,
steadily bringing one Province of
Thought after another into the Realm
of Law, has wrecked the life-work of
many a learned divine and torn into
tatters the line fabric of many a
priceless piece of metaphysical reasoning. One hundred years ago theological thistles flourished in every field of
human activity; metaphysical cobwebs
darkened every avenue of human
thought. Today the Church ls declared
intellectually insolvent; God is confined to the Fourth Dimension, while
those Siamese twins, Fear and Ignorance, Theology and Metaphysics, are
far on in their descent into the nether-
gloom. These are but a few of the
mighty achievements of Science during
the last ten decades, and, speaking as a
Socialist to Socialists, I would fain
point out that we would indeed be seriously lacking in a sense of gratitude
were we not to hold in esteem the
names of the brave men who struck
such hefty blows at the understruc-
tures of priestly power and privilege
and thus prepared the way for.the advent of Socialism.
There are comrades who are—nol.
comrades. Comrades with a diplomatic squint who cannot think otherwise
than in terms of ballot boxes. Those
comrades tell us that, in the fight between Religion and Science, we, as Socialists should strive to maintain a
strictly neutral attitude.. But, choosing
my words deliberately and using them
dispassionately, let me say, here and
now, that every Socialist, who strives
to maintain a neutral attitude ln the
fight between Reason and Dogma,
writes "Moral Coward" across the face
of his reputation. There ls not a Socialist with a brain as big as a chicken's fist, who does not know that every
victory won by Science hastens the
day of working-class emancipation, and
whoever, knowing this fact, is alivtd
to speak' of it lest he should prejudice
tbe Bible-boozed wage-slave against Socialism and in consequence lose a vote,
deserves to be expelled from whatever
Socialist party he fancies himself a
member of. We Socialists are out, not
to win votes, but to make Socialists.
We do not ask anyone to vote for Socialism unless he knows what Socialism is. Our principles do not admit of
a neutral attitude In the fight between
Science and Religion, and to the would-
be malingerer our ranks must remain
forever closed. Further, If plain-speak-
ing and truth-telling can injure the Socialist movement, we Socialists ought
to be ashamed to look our fellow-worker ln the face.
You, who know something of the
History of Science, will remember how,
after the awful defeats sustained by
Christianity on the fields of Biology,
Astronomy, Geology and Physics, the
shattered remnants of the Legions of
the Lord rallied for a last stand on the
field of Psychology. Here, around the
precious soul of man was fought the
bloodiest battle in the whole sanguinary conflict. Indeed, strictly speaking,
lt was not a battle but a battue,
not a fight but a massacre. The well
worn weapons of theology and metaphysics doubtless up-to-date when man
was up a tree, were lamentably outclassed by the weighty philosophic und
cosmologlcal weapons fashioned In the
armory of Science.
One cannot refrain from indulging
in reminiscence of that wonderful encounter. Shades of Bishop Butler!
What an explosion of antiquated illusions! The theory of "Free Wlll," since
the downfall of Feudalism one of the
three basic principles of Christianity,
was shown to be but the mighty big
delusion of conceited man. The comparative psychologist demonstrated
that the soul of His Highness the
Pope differed from the soul of His
Highness the Pup only in Its greater
refinement (?) and complexity and
that between the will of the one and
the will of the other there was no difference in kind but only a difference!
In degree. Psychology thus confirmed !
the diction of all the other sciences!
fiat nowhere in the Universe was there'
room for any creature with absolute
liberty of will. Man's conceited dream
of his being one little centre of cosmic
disturbance was thereby forever dispelled.
As one reflects one begins to reali/n
how justly metaphysics has been termed the Science of Guessing, and Theology the Organized Knowledge ot the
*
Non-existent As • matttr of fact,
the Theory of Free-Wlll had to be neither proved nor disproved in order to
be rejected by all but the mentally
halt and lame. Its name stamped tt
from the first as unthinkable proposition. The word Free we know to- denote simply absence of impediment to
organic action. The worker of today
ls not free because, being compelled to
sell himself in order to live, he ts
thereby prevented from Increasing hla
faculties in a natural manner. We eaa
think of what Free means though, and
we know tbat, ln that state of society
toward which we are struggling, the
worker will be free. But the worker
is an organism, whereas the will is but
a state of consciousness. Obviously
then, whoever asserts Freedom for the
human will Ib outside the role of argument for the all-sufficient reason
that neither he nor anyone else can
possibly think of what he proposes to
argue about. Happy children of Tomorrow will knoW the Theology of
Free Will as the Pons* Asinorum of
Bishop Butler. They will speak in
sympathetic tones of the poor devils
who had to demonstrate that "the human will is a Free state of human
consciousness, situated somewhere in
the Fourth dimension, and possessing
no magnitude but position only."
Having been firmly lifted down a
few pegs the poor "paragon bf animals"
is naturally somewhat sulky. Seeing
that he can no longer pose as something more than an animal, he ls grimly determined to be something less. In
this, one can sympathize with him.
One can understand how It is that compelled to rellnqish the Idea of Free
Will he spitefully tries to throw overboard the moral responsibility with a
"see wot ye've done" for the Scientist.
'ji act just as I must act. Well and
good! Over all my actions, good and
bad, write ln tears a great |'Can't Helft
It." One Is disagreeably surprised/however, to find a good determinlst like
Robert Blatchford admitting the validity of this contention. Blatchford says
that "man is not responsible for his
actions," adding that "it is altogether
irrational either to praise or to blame,
to punish or to reward." It seems to
me that Blatchford here makes the
same mistake which he so strongly condemns in others, the mistake of not
exactly defining the terms used. Had
he stopped to think, he would have
discovered that praise and blame,
punishment and reward, are not false
sentiments but necessary facts In the
life of every one of the higher animals.
It is true that we cannot draw a hard
and fast line through the animal kingdom and say, "here moral responsibility begins," but it Is none the less
a scientific fact that it may be found
wherever animals live In communities
As old aB the communal Instinct, it Is
not tho orphan of any dead theory but
the child of Social Environment. It
depends not on the will being Free,,
but on the will being Influenced by Its
environment. The word Responsibility
literally means "a responding to." A
man Is morally responsible if he ls
living ln a community and ls judged
by the other members of that community to be capable of responding to
an Inquiry Into his conduct. In other
words, when we have reason to believe
thut praise or blame, punishment or
reward would have thc effect of procuring what we like or preventing what
we dislike, there we place moral responsibility. But where, as In the case
of the Idiot, or the born atavlst. Science is yet unable to furnish us with
a clear perception of any outdo of mental causation, there we do not place
moral responsibility. Had Blatchford's
contention of non-responsibility been
Intended to apply only to Idiots, ata-
| vists and the insane, the validity of lt
| would never have been challenged by
me, but applying lt as he evidently
j meant It to apply, to thc normal man
LOCAL  VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre 7
PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURdAY, AUG. 17, 1912.
he is™ clarion
Published every Saturday by tho Soelaliat Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St., Vancouver, B. C.
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SATURDAY, AUG. 17, 1912.
WAGES VS. HORSE FEED.
The average wage, expressed in
money, cannot rise above the average
cost of the necessaries of life requisite
to maintain a workingman and his
family, provided the labor market 1b
fully stocked with the commodity
labor-power. That is, if workers are
plentiful; if, in numbers they equal
or exceed, the number of jobs offered,
the average wage cannot rise above
the point referred to.
If the supply of labor-power exceeds the demand to any appreciable
extent, the surplus of labor In the
market will tend to force the wage
below the point mentioned, thus compelling the workingman to curtail his
living expenses, at no matter what
cost to the comfort and wellbeing of
himself and family. If matters become unduly aggravated—as is the
case with millions of the world's
workers—conditions of living are
forced down to such a low level as to
make life little, if any better, than a
matter of slow starvation.
The miseries attendant upon the
semi-starved existence of a vast multitude of the world's poorest paid
tollers can neither be imagined or described. Doubtless it must he lived
in order that these miseries may be
properly appreciated.
The physical and moral degeneration due to these conditions of wretchedness and squalor, however, may be
readily seen by any one who cares to
make a study of the slums and tenement districts of any large center of
Christian civilization.
Of the countless thousands who are
continually out of employment because of the chronically congested condition of the labor market, little need
be said. Not needed In the industrial
process they are without value, and,
consequently not entitled to any one's
consideration. Outside of the scraps
secured from garbage barrels and an
occasional meagre handout from the
philanthropically inclined, the Lord
alone knows how they manage to
exist and this knowledge he carefully
keeps to himself.
The wage-slave is a sorry looking
brute even at the best. Even while
enjoying-the very top wages, that is,
sufficient to insure moderate comfort
to himself and family, he wears the
habitual look of a scared jack rabbit—
doubtless Inspired by the fear of
losing his precious job. As we look
down the line from the best paid slave.
with his wage barely sufficient to
cover his actually necessary living expenses, to the jobless one who subsists chiefly upon the contents of the
garbage can and the hope of heaven,
we are forced to tho conclusion that
the slave Is an animal In a class hy
himself, and that all other animals
should studiously avoid fn 11 In^ Into
any of his customs, habits and absurdities.
The horse Is a noble animal. Ilred
for speed he Is often a marvel. Bred
for draft purposes his strength Is wonderful. In beauty of form and grace
of action he is frequently a picture to
delight the eye. He Is also remarkably Intelligent, so intelligent, in fact,
that he will not hitch himself to plow
or cart. He wlll not provide for himself habitation and creature comforts.
He will not stoop to the menial tasks
of valet and chambermaid. His employer is, therefore, compelled to employ a descendant of the monkey tribe
to perform these, and similar services,
for his equine "nibs."
The employer of the horse provides
him with feed. This term is here
used to imply not only hay, oats, etc.,
but stabling and the services of valet,
chambermaid, and such other requisites aB enter Into proper and up-to-
late horBe-Btable economy.
The quality of the horse feed la not
cut down because hay and oats advance in price. The allowance Is not
cut off because the horse's employer
has no work for him to do for the time
being. The services of valet and
chambermaid   are  continued  whether
there Is work or not and the employer
himself will even attend to these
offices if his hired monkey is not available.
With a steady situation, horse feed
in ample quantity asBured and a servant or servants provided for all
menial services, the horse may well
look with disdain upon the wage-slave
and his peripatetic and uncertain existence. Why, even when overtaken
by old age, when his joints are no
longer supple and his strength is on
the wane, he ls not turned adrift to
the tender mercies of Christian charity and garbage cans, but is allowed
to dream out his remaining days upon
succulent pasturage, or, perchance, is
mercifully and expeditiously ushered
J into horse heaven via the fertilizer
route leaving his mundane phosphates
to be incorporated Into luscious crops
of hay and oats for the comfort and
sustenance of his equine posterity.
What a happy fate from the cradle
to the grave In comparison to that of
the wage-slave. If we had our choice
of being a wage-slave we would rather
be a horse. The certainty of horse
feed in abundance would be infinitely
preferable to the uncertainty of wages,
scanty wages at that.
As Lafargue has said it is time we
ceased prating of the "Rights of Man'
and demanded the "Rights of the
Horse."
"We do not find the Bible to teach
the doctrine of a literal 'hell-fire' or
place of fire and brimstone for the
punishment of the wicked, but secular history of the formation of the
creeds of the Middle Ages reveals
the fact that for various reasons,
either wisely or unwisely, the doctrine
of'torment in 'hell-fire' was added to
the gospel as taught by JesuB and the
Twelve Apostles, necessitating many
ridiculous interpretations of the Lord's
parables."
Thus decided the International Bible Students' Association by unanimous vote at the convention recently
held at Washington, D. C.
It seems that the attention of these
Bible students haB been directed to a
proper understanding of this hell-fire
business by "Pastor" Russell, of
Brooklyn, New York. This worthy divine has discovered that the lake of
fire and brimstone'" that has done
such yeoman service for the last some
thousands of years, in bringing sinners to repentence and steering guileless milksops safely along the pathway of righteousness, is a hoax. In
vulgar parlance it has always been a
"bum steer," a "false alarm." According to this "pastor" the wicked will
not be tortured, but annihilated, and
who should know any more about lt
than he, who has, no doubt, given
the matter much serious thought.
Now that "hell-fire," which has sue-
dane, earthly, unholy, therefore profane and yet a godhead that commands more reverence, respect and
worship than any or all of the heavenly or sacred trinities ever hatched
fcessfully   withstood  the  assaults   of from the womb of time'
'. ... ... "fir"!--n f        la        t-it*/*tit---iPi-V?
HOAXED.
balm to our Christian soul through all
these trials and tribulations has been
the satisfaction of knowing that the
wicked ones who took advantage of
our. credulity in order to further their
own selfish and sinful ends would fry
on a brimstone griddle through all
eternity. And now that supreme satisfaction is ruthlessly destroyed by
the vote of "Pastor" Russell's Bible
students. And the only thing offered
in exchange is the assurance that the
wicked are annihilated Instead of
fried to a frazzle. We spurn this
cheap alternative. Annihilation will
by no means satiBfy the cravings of
our Christian soul for a suitable punishment for the Bins of others.
However, all is not yet lost. It
may be possible to either rescind the
motion or throw out the vote. The
following from "The Catholic Universe" (Cleveland, Ohio), encourages
us to hope for relief:
"Hell will not be abolished by the
resolution of these Bible students.
Nor will their futile attempt to destroy hell by resolution fill their meeting houses. It will only disgust those
outside them now and drive others
away, for without the fear of punishment and the hope of reward, there
is nothing in Christian doctrine, and,
if there be nothing left in Christian
doctrine, it is far easier to abandon
the pretense of religion.
"So far as they affect the situation,
the Bible students have not made the
slightest impression upon hell, but
they have pretty effectually abolished
themselves as far as a reputation for
anything but heresy, and all its kindred abominations, is concerned." '
And this from the Buffalo "Catholic
Union and Times," strengthens that
hope:
"The little crowd of creatures, assembled at Washington, might as well
attempt to eclipse the summer sun
with their hands as to destroy the
force of the great (iod who built black
hell for his enemies for the same reason that he reared heaven's glories
for his friends.'
If this tampering with our time-
honored religious stock-in-trade is allowed to continue unchecked the balance of it may in time become as uncertain as hell.
If we have been hoaxed in the one
case it is not improbable that we have
been hoaxed In others.
A PROFANE TRINITY.
"So prosperity, the slave and the
soldier, make this advent upon the
scene of events together, never to
leave It till they leave tt together—
when the slaves shall emancipate
themselves."—From manifesto of S. P.
of C.
Property, slave and soldier.   Three
in one.   One in three.   A trinity, mun-
What is property? What is a
slave? What is a soldier? Can either
be separated from the other without
.destroying the whole precious lot?
These are questions well worthy of
L
both heretics and time for thousands
of  years,   has   been  thus  summarily
abolished by vote, we sincerely hope
that our anarchist friends will be able
to considerably modify their opinions
in regard to the futility of the ballot. Ian answer. and the sooner the wage*
Surely   no    more    satisfying    result'slaves of the world are able so to do
could  have  been  attained,  from  the tne s_°°ner wiU the-*' De.ln,a .p0B^l0_n
sinners'"  standpoint, by  the exercise
of "direct action," than has been
reached by the exercise of the ballot,
leaving that aside, however, we are
not altogether satisfied with the action taken. If there Is no "hell-fire"
and everlasting torment, we feel that
we have been grievously hoaxed. We
to  effect    their    emancipation    from
bondage to capital.
They who hold titles to lands, mines,
factories, railways and other parts of
the means of wealth production are
spoken of as property owners, and the
law is especially designed to confirm
their titles to, and enjoyment of, such
have been cruellv swindled In more Property. The very essence of prop-
ways than one. Many a satisfying erty Is that it brings comfort and sus-
nocturnal excursion into fruitful orch
itenance to Its owner.   It Is this alone
ard might have been indulged In by
us had we not been held In the path
of righteousness by the fear of an
everlasting sizzle upon tbe hot waves
of a brimstone hell. Many an enjoyable Sunday fishing excursion would
have been gladly participated In had
it not been for the certainty of being
Impaled through all eternity, and then
some, upon the redhot prongs of Sa-
tan"s threo'tined fork, as a slight
punishment lor the sin. We hate to
think of having been flimflammed out
of any joy of life that we might have
realized had It not been for this infernal old hoax.
We have been still further wronged,
though In another way. We have
known a choice collection of sinners
and scalawags, of varying degrees of
cussedness and guilt, during our lifetime. Some ofi them have passed over
the divide and we presume, as well as
fondly hope, that the rest wlll follow
suit. As to their sinfulness we speak
advisedly. It has been demonstrated
to us in a most convincing manner.
Some of them skinned us out of our
hardearned slmoleons by feloniously
turning a jack from the bottom of
the deck before we had a chance to
do it legitimately and ln our own behalf. Others soaked us good and
plenty In "hoss" trades, unmindful of
the fact that our motive ln trading
horses   was  always  to  do  the  other
that gives lt value as. expressed in
the termB of exchange. If it brings
no revenue to Its owner it loses the
/virtue of property land becomes a
curse rather than a comfort. The
possessor of such non-frevenue producing property Is often referred to
as being "property poor; thnt Is, Im
poverished by his property.
If property Is then to furnish com
fort and sustenance to Its posseBBor it
must do so outside of his own labor,
otherwise it cannot function aB prop
erty, In the commercial acceptance
of the term. Robinson Crusoe held
undisputed possession of bis island
and yet it afforded him no comfort
and existence other than such as resulted from his own labor. After Fri
day came along, however, matters assumed a new aspect. By his control
of the situation—ownership of the
Island, which ownership was backed
up by the gun in Robinson's hand—
he was able to draw sustenance from
the island without necessity of expending his own energy In labor. The
labor of his slave, Friday, afforded
an excellent substitute. Robinson's
holdings took on the garb of real
property and, ln consequence, he became the foremost citizen of his locality.
Let it be noted that the island and
its resourves did not assume the character of property, ln the modern ac-
It must readily be seen that whatever value might be attached to Rob-
inson'B holdings, expressed in terms
of the market, rested solely upon the
presence of the slave, Friday. Without this no market term expressing
value could apply. So it ls with all
property. If It possesses value expressed In terms of the market lt does
so because of the fact that it is a
means of commanding the services of
slaves In wealth production. Whatever that value may be, lt is only the
value of the human chattels whose
services are thus commanded.
To make It short, the only property
possessing value expressed in terms
of exchange is the slave. All revenue
upon property is caused from the unpaid toil of Blaves. The world's
boasted trade and commerce Is nothing but a traffic in human flesh and
blood, thinly disguised because first
coined into marketable commodities.
The basis of it all is the human chattel, the wage-slave, held In bondage
and ruthlessly robbed under the much
reverenced laws of property.
It has been said that "property is
robbery." It might, with equal truth,
be said that "property is slavery."
Property and slavery are synonymous
terms. They are but two names for
the same thing, the two parts of a
trinity. Now as to the third part, the
soldier.
The soldier is recruited from the
slave camp. His purpose is to hold
his fellow-slaves, as well as himself,
in subjection to the master class as
property. Where the great mass are
slaves and the few are masters it
often becomes necessary to resort to
drastic measures to hold the enslaved
in subjection. The use of clubs, guns,
"bayonets and other instruments of
brutality and butchery must often be
resorted to in order to quell those
insurrections that will persist in recurring so long as the spirit of manhood still survives In the breaBt of the
slave. The masters are not only too
few, but too cowardly and careful of
their own precious lives to personally
conduct the brutality and butchery required. They must needs recruit their
assassins from the ranks of the slaves.
Fortunately for them, the creator has
made a goodly number of slaves so
utterly devoid of manhood, bo low,
mean and vile, so ignorant and brutal,
so lost to shame and so devoid of
common decency as to be capable of
being used for so base a purpose as
murdering their fellow-men and even
their own kith and kin, at the command of some pfnheaded officer, in
order to preserve the property rights
of their rulers and masters. And the
property of their rulers and masters
consists solely of themselves and their
fellows of the tribe of slaves, known
in modern parlance as "wage earners."
Labor produces all wealth that Ib
expressed in terms of exchange,
therefore the workers constitute the
only form of property that can express
Itself in similar terms. They are the
sole wealth producing factor in modern society. They constitute the only
revenue-producing force and therefore the value of all so-called property
is determined by the productive power
of the working class. It Is that class
alone that is bought and sold in the
world's market, although the transactions appear under the guise of the
transfer of lands, tenements, stocks,
bonds, goods and merchandise. Eliminate the working class and all values
disappear, all property vanishes.
Property, slave and soldier are one.
They came into existence as one and
they will go out as one. And when
this trinity goes out it will take with
it a lot of junk, both sacred and profane, that has well played ItB part ln
maintaining the shackles upon the
limbs of slaves down through theBe
glorious centuries of our Christian
civilization, and some equally stench-
ful periods that preceded it.
Property, slave and soldier. The
profane trinity. That Is, we hope It ls
profane, In the sense that it Is not
sacred. But then who can tell?
Property is held sacred by some. The
soldier la not to be scoffed at • even
If he goes around clad In a ridiculously short ballet skirt made from a
gaudy-colored and striped horse blanket, and without pants. And the slave.
Well, we have heard lt said that
"Britons never, never," etc., ad nau-
seum.
It's a precious trinity whether sacred or profane.
Socialist   Party  Directory
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE VANCOUVER LETTISH LOCAL No. 68,
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
tlrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Room open to everybody at 612 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
Ad Kreekis.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr
St.,' Vancouver, B.C.
BRITISH     COLUMBIA     PBOTDTOIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays In month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm. Watts, Secretary.
ITA   -PBOTDTOIAL   H»OVTXTE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary,  Box 647,  Calgary.
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAl EXECUTIVE, B. T. ol C, Invites all comrades residing in Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Addres« D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West. Moose Jaw,
Sask.
MANITOBA PSOTINOIAL BXEOVTXTB
Committee: Notice—This card ls inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested ln the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, writ* the
Secretury, J. D. Houston, 493 Fulby
St., Winnipeg.
MARITIME PBOVIMCIAL EXECUTIVB
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Kay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Max
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, NO. 69, B. P. of O.
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple.
Dunsmuir Street. Business meeting
every Friday in the month at 8 pm
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
LOOAL   OREENWOOD,   B.   C,    NO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood,
visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
LOCAL    FERNIE, ' g.   P.   of   C,    HOLD
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:10.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.
LOOAX, BOBBLANS, NO. SB, B. P. NT •.
meeta in Miners' Hall every Buater at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Organiser.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 126.
Finnish branch meets in Finland**-*'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m. A. SebM*,
Secretary, Box 64, Rossland, B.C.
LOCAL  VANCOUVER,   B.    O.,    NO.    49,
I' InnlBh. Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays In the month at 218
Hastings St. East. Ovla Llnd, Secretary.
LOOAL VANCOUVER No 1. S. P. of O	
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East, H. Rahlm, Secretary.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     AXTA.,     NO.     9.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on th* first
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.:
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box II,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
LOOAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA., NO.  1,  S.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organiser, W.  Stephenson.
LOOAL CALGARY, ALTA., NO. 4,  S.P.
Of C.—Business  meeting  every  Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.  429  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between   Third   and   Fourth  streets.
S.   K.   Read,   Secretary.
LOOAL REGINA WO. 6, SABK., MBBTB
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday. I
p.m. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, Gen.
Del., Secretary.
LOOAL BRANDON, MAN., NO. 7, B.  T.
ot C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, -Hossar Ave. Propaganda m**t-
Ing, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at •
p.m.; economic class, Friday at I p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon,  Man.
LOOAL MIC—BL, B. C, NO. IB, B. T.
ot C, holds propaganda m**tUa-
ev*ry Sunday afternoon at 2:10 p.m. Ts
Crahan's Hall. A hearty invltatlss 1*
extended to all wag* slaves wltliis
reach of us to attend our masting*.
Bu*ln*ss meetings are held ths Ireland third Sundays of each mosth al
10:10 a.m. In ths same hall. Party
organisers take notice. A. S. Julias,
Secretary.
LOOAL  NELSON,   S.   P.  of  C,
every Friday evening at 8 p.m.,
Miners' Hall, Nelson, \3. C. I. A. Ai
tin, Secretary.
ln
LOOAL VERNON, NO. 38, 8. P. OP O.—
Meets  every  Tuesday at  8  p.   m.,   ln
L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St.    W. H. Gll-
mour, Secretary
LOOAL   BBTBLBTO—i,   B.   O.,    NO.    7,
8. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary^	
LOOAL SANDON, B. O., NO. KJ, B. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:80 o.m,
in ths Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to bs addressed
Drawer K, Sandon, B. C.
LOCAL VICTORIA NO. 9, S. P. of O	
Headquarters and reading room 576
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m., corner of
Yates  and  Langley.	
LOCAL BOUT- PORT SBORSB, W.V~
No. ei, meets every Friday night at
I p.m. In Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allan,
Organiser.
LOOAL   CUMBERLAND NO. 70 S. P. of O.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class hold twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
LOOAL LBTHBRIDOB, ALTA., NO. 19,
S. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays ln the month, at 4 p.m., Ib
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Psa-
cock, Box 1983.
LOCAL MOOSBJAW, BASK., Ns. 1, S. P.
OP C.—Propaganda meetings »v»ry
Sunday, 7:30 p. m„ ln tne Trade* Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organiser,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slave* welcome.
LOOAL NO. 1
P. OP C.
WINNIPUS-, MANITOBA,
Headquarters J28% Mala
Street, Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic class
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday «y**I*g
In Drtamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion invited.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO   8,   S.   P.   OP   O.
Open nlr meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeau Street. Business meetings,
first Sunday ln month in the. Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwlth, 1*
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
LOCAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters In Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 168; Harold G. Ross, organiser,
Box 606.
LOOAL    SIDNEY    BONES    NO.    7,    of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the 8. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344. 	
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST
TION of the S. P. of C, ls organised
for the purpose of educating ths
Ukralnean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. Ths
Ukranlan Federation publish their owa
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstino Ave., Edmonton. Alta. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write to .1. Scnuk, Fin. Secretary.
fellow good.   In divers ways we have ceP*<*n<'-i °( the term, until the advent
of Friday—the slave.   Prior to that it
been gold-bricked, flimflammed and
hocuspocused. We have been reviled,
jeered  and  scoffed  at,  and  the  only
UttRS    OR
a*:si 4N B.C. ci<«^B^'
afforded an opportunity for its possessor to live by his own effortB alone.
After that auspicious event it afforded
Its owner the opportunity to live,
either wholly or ln part, from the labor of a Blave. It thus became revenue-producing property, that is bringing sustenance to Its owner for nothing.
If No. 682 Is on the address label
of your paper your subscription expires next Issue.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
LABOR TEMPLE.
A Good Place to Eat at
Mulcahy's
Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession ot the reins
of government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights ln the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
Btroam of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it
by political action.   This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to this question Ub guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
interests of the working class and aid the workerB in their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will, the Socialist Party ls for it; if lt
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed ln Its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5 . Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies - -   4.00 SATURDAY, AUG. 17, 1912.
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
PAGE THREE
Special
Offei-
WE HAVE IN
stock a quantity of 5c and 1.0c
pamphlets of our
own publication.
They should be put
in circulation, as
they contain matter
of value to the student of economic
conditions. They are
especially valuable
to put in the hands
of those not yet
familiar with the Socialist position and
argument. In order
to get them into the
hands of readers and
and at the same time
push the circulation
of the Western Clarion, we make the
following offer:
For each subscription
to the Western Clarion
for one year received
on or after August 15,
1912, and until further
notice, we will forward
to the subscriber the
following list of book-
lets  postpaid.
Manifesto of 8. P. of C  10c
What Is Socialism?  10c
Socialism and Unionism  5c
Slave of the Farm  5c
The State and Government.. 5c
Value, Price and Profit  5c
Struggle for Existence  5c
Summary of Marx' "Capital" 5c
<J This applies to all, whether
new subs or renewals.
*$ If you are not already on
our list take advantage of this
offer by getting on.
ij   If already   a  subscriber,
take advantage of this tiy renewing your sub.
♦3 Get your neighbor to subscribe,    and    thus    become
acquainted with the literature
of the movement.
IJ In all cases read these little
booklets   carefully   and then
pass them along for the good
they may do.
WESTERN
CLARION
LABOR TEMPLE
Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL  INNISFAIL  NO. 3.
Bear Comrade:
The movement ls progressing at a
steady pace, although there are times
when we get discouraged with everything, but why shirk or leave it to the
other fellow. Just becausce we think
he likes it? That is not the way to
get our freedom, and if we are contented with things as they are we
should belong to the old parties and
[not be in the Socialist movement as
drones. Wake up." Put your shoulder to the wheel and help the good
work along or we will need a few
John Browns.
Yours in revolt,
VIOLA WOOD,
CORRESPONDENCE
HOW THEY COME
LOCAL  RED  DEER, ALTA.  NO. 11
To the Editor The eWstern Clarion:
Dear Comrade—Things are cer
tainly going ahead ln "our" Red Deer.
On the evening of July 31st we had
Charley O'Brien up speaking in the
open air on the Town Hall Square.
We had widely advertised his coming,
so there was a good crowd, and Charley certainly took advantage of it. He
handed out one of the straightest,
clearest and most effective talks that
I have ever heard. The crowd was
evidently in need of just the line of
dope that Charley gave them, for three
wage-slaves applied at once for mem
bership.
On the following Sunday we had
Comrade Mushkat from Calgary. This
also was well advertised, with the result that the Socialist Hall was
packed. Comrade Mushkat held them
deeply interested for over an hour
and a half, and even then they did
not seem to want to go. It was a very
successful meeting, the collection being by far the best we have had as
yet. Comrade Mushkat is really good.
We find that the meeting must be
advertised in advance for several days
ln order to get the best success. It
muBt be kept before the wage-plugs,
so that they will, firstly, want to come,
and, secondly, will not forget it after
they have decided to come.
W. B. HARDENBURG.
Socialism is the burning question
today. Workers are beginning to take
notice  of  it.    They  hear  the  word
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE|nearly every day now and ln consequence of this they will read anything
Meeting of August 12, 1912.
Present—Comrades   Karme,  Kings-
ley, McVety, Kavanagh and the Secretary.
Comrade A. Karme in the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Communication from Local Vancou
ver 58 Lettish and Secretary instructed to give the local the desired
information.
Quarterly report cards received
from the following locals: Nelson,
tVawford Bay, "Vancouver 45, Vancouver 09, Langley, Silver Creek, Kam-
Ioopb, Cumberland, Revelstoke, Gibson's Landing and Enderby.
.Financial report as follows:
Balance on hand July 1 **
Local  South  Ft.    George    Sup
plies   	
Local    Enderby,    Buttons    and
Literature      2.20
Local Vancouver 45, Stamps and
Supplies     12.25
Local Langley, Stamps and Supplies   	
Local Enderby, Organizing Fund
Local Silver Creek, Stamps	
Local Vancouver No. 1, Supplies
Local Crawford Bay, Stamps and
Supplies    2.00
Local Vancouver  69,  Stamps...    5.60
83.60
1.50
3.15
2.00
2.00
.50
TO ALBERTA COMRADES.
I
You have by this time seen the fructification of the much vaunted Alberta
edition of the Clarion and the appreciation of our efforts by that paper.
Are we going to let that boost degenerate into mere empty flattery and become ourselves degraded to the category of "garrulous philosophers "
Comrades the road before us is
rugged and heavy, as those who do the
work of this movement know only too
well, and it is only by persistent plodding that we can reach the top of
the hill. It ls of little use to take a
step onward and then recline upon
our sitting apparatus, imagining that
we are weary and the road long.
We have to be up and doing and
co-operate with the other comrades in
pushing forward Socialist ideas and
because of this the Calgary Local has
instructed me to organize the Alberta
forces for another Alberta edition.
On the previous occasion we succeeded ln gathering enough copy to
fill more than two Issues and we want
to do at least as well this time. Up to
the time of writing no definite date has
been fixed for the next Alberta special, but we hope to have lt ready to
send to the publishers by the middle
of September. That gives us nearly
six weeks in which to get ready, but I
would warn the comrades not to delay
but to send their contributions at the
earliest possible date. By so doing
they will save the comrades who run
the Clarion considerable trouble as the
copy will then be prepared for publication in Calgary, thus relieving the
Vancouver folks of a little of their
burden.
A word of suggestion p..d encour-
ment to the timorous ones and beginners. On the last occasion you did
well and only a few minor alterations
had to be made. However, in most
cases the writing was too close together and some of the words were
not well chosen. Leave about an Inch
between each line and be careful not
to use words or phrases that do not
look well In print.
Do not imagine that you cannot
write or that your contribution will
not be appreciated by others. Remember that you are a factor In this movement and are produced by natural
causes. In nature there Is no waste and
your words and writings will appeal to
those who may be said to be complementary to you. In other words, each
one of you is a little magnet which
can and must attract some piece of
steel in some little corner of the
earth. No other magnet can attract
them but you, no other writer will appeal to them so forcibly and it is up
to you to come through with the goods.
Little drops of water, little grains of
Band
Make the mighty ocean and the beauteous land.
And little bits of writing make Socialists, so get your copy ready as
goon as you can and we will have
another boost from Vancouver before
long.
Don't forget so send copy to me at
Box 647, ^algary, Alta., and remember
that no special invitations will be sent
this time, as you are all old enough
and bold enough to respond to this.
Yours in Revolt,
S. K. READ.
$116.80
Warrants drawn for supplies from
Dominion   Executive,   (516.57.     Secretary's salary,  $7.50.   Adjourned.
WM. WATTS,
Secretary.
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE
Meeting of August 12, 1912.
Present—Comrades Karme, Kings-
ley, McVety, Kavanagh and the Secretary.
A. Karme ln the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Correspondence from Locals St.
Catherines, Ont.; St. John, N. B.;
Montreal, Que.; Sydney Mines, N. S.;
Winnipeg, Man., and Wilfred Gribble.
Quarterly report received from the
following locals: Markervllle, Alta.;
Toronto, Ont.; St. Catherines, Ont.;
Sydney Mines, N. S.
Local St. Catherines brought to
the notice of the committee a plan
that It has of getting funds for organizing purposes. The committee in-
tenls to adopt some Buch scheme and
on Socialism that comes their way.
This ls where our three months'
trial subs come in all right. Several
locals and comrades subscribed out
of their own funds so that some horny
handed son of toll could have the
chance to ...vestlgate our proposition.
Out of the thousand or more trial
subs sent ln only about four have refused to have the paper sent to them.
That means that the rest will read
our paper even if they don't agree
with us at present Eventually they
may eccept our principles and become
soldiers in the ever increasing army
of the revolution.
Now, comrades, put your shoulders
to the wheel and stay right with it,
taking advantage of every Bource of
education that will enable you to
strike a blow for the freeing of yourself and your class from wage slavery.
Here are the Clarion sub hustlers
for the week
H. G. Ross, Glace Bay, N. S  11
Steve Lellman, Enderby, B. C  10
T. Edwin Smith, Yetwood, Alta.. 10
John Casey, Campbell River, B. C.   7
A. G. McCallum, Ottawa, Ont     7
Wm  McQuold, Edmonton, Alta     5
W. E. Hardenburg, Red Deer, Alta.   5
G.  O.  Vennesland,  Granum,  Alta.   5
Local Toronto, Ont     4
H.  Fulcher, Brandon, Man...
J. A. Menzles, Merrltt, B. C     3
W. K. Bryce, Demaine, SaBk     2
W. Davenport, Brantford, Ont     2
McMahon Smith, Brooklyn, N. Y..
C.   M.   O'Brien,   Organizer	
M.  Lightstone, Montreal,  Que	
H. C. Beasant, Red Deer, Alta	
Robert B. Hunter, Calgary, Alta..
A. B. Drygas, Moose Jaw, Sask..
Singles.
Jos. Nayior, Cumberland, B. C.
N. Coursler, Revelstoke; A. Anderson,
Fort     George;    O.    J.    Giarde,
Aldermere,   B.   0.;    H.   R.   Siemon,
Gabriola,  B.   C;   A.  Stewart,  Moose
Jaw; G. M. Brandon, Man.; A. S. Julian, Calgary;  D. Thomson, St. Catherines, Ont.; W. Buchanan, Echo Bay,
Ont.; Geo. E. Karley, Hanover, Ont.;
J. C .Turner, Victoria; A. Gildermees-
ter. City.
Bundles.
Local   Edmonton,   100;    McMahon
Smith, Brooklyn, Brooklyn, N. Y., 60.
THE   WORKERS   IN    HISTORY.
(By Wilfred Gribble.)
H.
Enderby ls the only one on the list
to move this week. Why not give
your burg a boost by hustling up a
few of the slaveB around you and
getting them to read one of the few
instructed the Secretary to have cards j Papers published in the interests of
printed and  distributed  for the pur-1the working class ?
pose of collecting funds. Winnipeg, Man     \
Financial report as follows:
Balance on hand July 1 $ 57,80
B. C. Executive Stamps and Sup-
Piles      16.57
Alberta Executive Stamps  20.00
Local St. Catherines Stamps     2.00
Local  Montreal  Stamps    5.00
Local Winnipeg Organizing Fund   2.00
Local Glace* Bay Supplies 50
Literature and Buttons     15.45
$119.32
Warrants drawn  for  the following
expenses:   Literature, $2.05;  printing,
$5; supplies, $1.10; Clarion deficit for
Vancouver, B. C     2
Toronto, Ontario   3
Calgary,  Alberta    4
Victoria,  B.  C      5
Edmonton, Alta       6
Cumberland, B. C.
Moose Jaw, Sask.
Reglna, Sask
SEVENTH INSTALLMENT.
Rome, as has been mentioned before,
fell greatly because of the excessive
luxury and consequent effeminacy of
its rulers, a luxury possible because
of the Increased numbers and productiveness of its slaves.
Another factor, also mentioned previously, was the Influx of more or less
barbarous nations. . A third factor
was that the very arts taught by the
Romans themselves to conquered people were eventually used against the
conquerors. All material factors. You
can explain history only on a 'material basis. "Rome was not built in a
day"; neither was the empire of Rome
destroyed in a day. It is not possible
to fix the exact date of the final de
struction of the Roman empire, nor
is it necessary.
It may be briefly mentioned that the
most shrewd of the ruling class of
Rome adopted every expedient to prevent or retard the breakdown of its
empire, 'lncludiing that of changing
its capital from Rome to Constantinople, but infinite details can not be
gone into tonight.
If you want great detail you must
carefully study history yourselves.
With the decline of the Roman
power, manifesting itself flrst in inability to effectively defend Its conquered dominions, notably Gaul, other
races seized the opportunity to themselves prey upon the countries upon
which the grip of Rome was weakening. The inhabitants of Gaul who
had, as a whole, been more effectually
subjugated by the Romans than the
inhabitants of any other part of continental Europe, and were, in consequence, more tame and less warlike
than others who had not been subdued to Buch an extent, now found
themselves the prey of all and sundry
who found themselves strong enough
to prey. The Franks, a German race,
stand forth most prominently ln the
history of this period as invaders of
Gaul, and the Saxons, another German
race, as invaders of Britain. Later
the Normans, or Northmen, took their
turn at invading Gaul, as still later
they did Britain. In short, every race
that felt itself strong enough to rob
any other race, to rob those who had
robbed before them, or to rob among
themselves, did so.
The Romans had robbed the whole
of them to Btart with, though perhaps
that is not going back far enough,
but one has to start somewhere; now
the Franks rob the Gauls; along come
the Normans and rob the Franks and
Gauls both. The Jutes, the Danes,
the Saxons and other varieties of the
human species all took their turn In
the fre-for-all as opportunity occurred.
It was a happy-go-lucky period. In
the end the system of slavery which
had been in existence for ages had
practically disappeared and a new
one, a more convenient one, had taken
its place. It was no longer necessary
for the slaves to be    locked    up at
BRUSHING AWAY COBWEBS
(Continued from Page 1.)
and woman, tben I could not remain
a good Sqcialist without discounting;
it as a pestilential error.
Some comrades tell us that it to not
a square deal to blame the capitalist
for the evils existing ln present day
society. I freely grant that. It to
not a square deal, not simply because
the actions of the capitalist are but
the evil effects of the present economic system, for so are also the actions
of the worker; nor Is it not a square
deal merely because he cannot help,
acting as he does, for neither can the •
worker. It Ib not a Bquare deal because •
his conduct is unalterable. In such a«
case blame would indeed be irrational..
The capitalist is not morally responsible. He cannot cease battening on the1
blood of the workers. He cannot be
caused to act otherwise than he acts.'
He can only be caused to cease to act
He can cease to be.
No. The capitalist stands exonerated*
from all culpability in the matter. But
the responsibility must rest somewhere; and unless we locate that
"where," the evils of which we Complain must continue.
Why, a man with a wooden leg can
see that it is the worker who is responsible.   The wage-plug is the great
criminal.   Of course he is.   A slave by
consent, he wears his fetters because
he will not throw them off.    He has.
the power to instantly end for all tlme-
thls damnable affair, wage-slavery. Instead, he goes ever on in the old sweet
way baking bread and starving, weaving cloth and freezing to death, building palaces  and    living in  the Jail,
which, by the way, Is the only one of
all the houses he has built, that he ls
permitted  to keep  for his  own 'use.   1
Sometimes when he has   been over-
energetic and baked more bread thaa
his master can eat, glutten though he
be, fashioned  more clothes than hto
master can possibly wear, and built
more houses than his master can us**,
he finds    himself cold,    hungry and
homeless, and possibly he wonders in
his dull bovine way why this to so.
Occasionally he becomes possessed of
the idea of talking the matter
with other animated relics of hui
ity.   Religious to the last, be chi
Sunday as the day on which to put Btg
idea into execution, and mindful
in his misery of the master's rlggM
rest on the "Sawbath," he choosw
a meeting place some out of the;
apology for a public park.   Whc_|
gets there the first thing that st*i|||-^**; K
4
1
him Is—a club on the top of his haao.
He crawls away, blindly groping for:"
an explanation  of the why and   theV-&><
wherefore,  and   the  only answer helS
ever seems to get ls—why? ';
What think you, comrades     Why is flf
this thus?    Victims to 'hat dire dU- H
ease, ethical dysentery, will say that MlffiM''
It is because men do not love enough.
The worker ought to love the capitalist as a very twin brother.   In a simi-
night or have an armed  guard over
7 them all the time, as now all Europe
° being settled, there was no place for
Pernie  b"*cT 10 slaves to escaPe to. If they ran from one
New Westmtoster" b" 6. Z! Z.  11 feudaI ,ord's estate, 'hey ran  to an-1 P°verty, misery, degradation and want
St. Catherines, Ont. ........:..... 12 other, and merely changed    masters, j wou'd forever fade from the face of
Montreal,  Que  13 j The feudal  barons had their castles the S'obe like dew kissed by the itcfef-
lar manner the capitalist ought to love     _\ ■ a*SB
the worker.    Then, when each Iovejt-^^P^
the other as a veritable twin brother,
Glace Bay, N. S 14 built at the best strategic points;  they
  15 j were
of the morning sun. And sj on, ad
libitum! Stop! 8top! Stop! Stop!
How it nauseates! I may be wrong,
but I am of the opinion that the sentimental slobberer, peddling the Chrtot-
Enderby, B. C  15 were   surrounded    by   their   men-at-
Amherst, N. S  16 arms,  bowmen   and  other  retainers;
Brandon, Man  17'they Bpent their HveB in wringing all
July, $75.52; secretary's salary, $7.50.; Big Valley, Alta  18 j they could   from  the  labor  of  their
Adjourned.                                           | Kentvllle, N. S  19!serfs,  ami  amusing,   themselves    by 1 cum-f'apltal ethic, ls doing the move-
Nelson, B. C  20 J fighting each other for the plunder.     mcnt incalculable mischief.    Love, on
  I    The priests and bishops of the ln-'tlle bloodiest battle-field this sad old
LITERATURE  PROPAGANDA Istitutional  church of that day, as lniearth haB ever toiown?  Nay, I will ad-
LEAGUE, MONTREAL all ages, played their part by prench-lm"   tnat   somewhere,  sometime,   bro-
WM. WATTS,
Secretary.
ALBERTA     PROVINCIAL      EXECU-
TIVE  COMMITTEE.
I
lng  submlsslveness  and  contentment
The Montreal local, as you have ob- to the slave.   It often happened that
Berved, Is getting busy, nnd  it    hasjtt baron  was also a bishop;   such a
Every day brings news of some invention or discovery that should benefit humanity as a whole, instead of
that these discoveries will be used to
benefit a few parasites and will continue to do so until the working class
get wise to the fact that the Capitalist
class as a class are no longer necessary in the production of wealth.
Socialists should not demand anything, they should take lt, that's the
only way they'll get anything.
heuTplaT^L,!   ^tSFT*   *^™~*Z*-?« ^"mure"« one  we may.   describe    as a  double-
having been' no n™  I   ,'h    ,ere °,,en a'r m0e"n8S ,0 U,e ab°Ve ,ea«<le'I barrelled robber.   But again, I cannot
having been no quorum  on  the two which, ln addition, Is getting to work „ lnt0 -eat detail
preceding regular meetings nighls. "
The following members of the committee were present: Burge, Read,
Haag and the Secretary.
Correspondence from tho following
locals and Individuals were read by
the Secretary and ordered filed: Bassano (2), Red Deer (2), Sam Welch,
re sending an organizer to Bowden,
Content, Medicine Hat (2), Ersklne,
Meeting Creek, Edmonton, Linda,
Eagle, Donalda, Blackflelds, Dominion
Executive, C. E. Scharff, Millet, Alta.
Organizer Budden reported for the
month of June as follows: "Held
meetings ln Calgary, Blalremore, Hillcrest, Coleman, Coal Creek and Fernle. Meetings not very well attended, fishing and football absorbing
most of the slaves' time. Sale of
books good.
Collections  during month $59.00
Expenses    43,00
On  hand    $16.00
(Signed) ALF BUDDEN.
There  beiife *no   further 'business
before the committee, the final report
was read and adopted.
Financial Report.
Receipts from all sources since
April   19th $91.33
Expenditures   during   same  period     68.05
at house to house distribution nn<»
every other method of propaganda by
literature which may be open to It.
From now on, we intend to subject
the comatose wage wights of .Montreal
to a systematic soaking with socialist
literature.
So send thirty Clarions weekly to
my address, as well as the ten being
sent to Hayes and the ten being sent
to Heilingher, both of Local No. 1,
Montreal. These comrades will send
you a card to authorize this.
For the bundle I enclose the $4.0o.
T do not know If this is the exact
figure. If not, send as many as it will
pay for.
The bills for Western Clarion sent
to Com. Hayes have been turned in to
us and will be quickly paid off.
Your paper is full of good stuff and
gets the Intelligent worker where he
ought to be scratching his head.
Personally I think you can work side
by side with "Cotton's" just aB well as
head on, and accomplish more.
Yours for revolution,
A. E. FAY.
To briefly mention the Norman
again: It is commonly supposed that
William, Duke of Normandy, introduced serfdom Into England; this Is
not so; he found It there already, but
brought it up to date; the Norman
baron supplanted the Saxon thane
and the serf took tbe place of the
thrall.
Now I will try to give you an idea
of the every-day life of the workers
of tbe feudal period.
(To Be Continued)
it  make a wood  war-chest, and    J.
eadlng of moral homilies to not   J
to destroy the citadel of prlv!*■'|'•
*i
Balance on hand   $22.05
The Committee then adjourned.
BURT E. ANDERSON,
Secretary,
Some curious discoveries have been
made by scientists lately such as the
manufacture of saltpetre from the
forced combination of electric flame
and air. The manufacture of rubber
from substances of an alcoholic nature
haB also been discovered and the
latest that has been sprung on us is
the malting of electricity from the
rays of the sun.
ALBERTA ORGANIZING FUND.
Previously  acknowledged $25.65
Otto Balmer, Calgary     1.00
W. G. McClusky, Calgary.
Sclnta, Calgary   	
H. Rosenberg, Calgary   ..
Stewart,   Calgary   	
Dickson,   Calgary   	
Porteous, Calgary  	
. .25
. .25
. .25
. .50
. .25
. .80
Ole Oleson,  Calgary     1.00
R. Kremer, Calgary     3.00
Ada   Berry,   Calgary     2.00
Collection at meeting, Calgary. 1.25
C. E. Scharff, Millet, Alta  1.00
John  Beckman, Meeting Creek,
Alta  1.00
(Up to July 20,  1912.)
$58.10
Comrade Alex Patterson of North
Battleford contributes one dollar to
tho Organizers' fund and (promises
the same monthly till the end of year.
Next?
therly love may be all right. To speak
of  It,  here  and   now,  however,  ls  to
niter words of treason.   Tear cheques
do not
the reo
Kolng
lege any  more  Ihan  the  winding of
rams' horns battered down the walls /
of Jericho.   We wain In ihe movement/
fewer good men wllh soft hearts and)
more  brave  men  with    clear  heads]
fewer men who nre prepared to try t*j
practice  Ihe  Golden   Rule and   more'\
men who are prepared to break every \ .
moral  rule  and  shatter every  moral "''"
code ln  existence    rather  than  that
they and  their children, their sweethearts and  their  wives,  should   continue in a state of slavery
Love? Yes.   But. first let us put an
end to the cause of all this hatred.
And until that is done we Socialists £
must continue to "blame" the dignified ''
son  of toll   for  his  foolishness  and
cowardice until our "blame" has the   **
effect of making his eminently practical mind cotton onto the idea that
he and  he alone  is  responsible  for
capitalism and all its attendant horrors, and that he and he alone has the
power to sweep s'avery from off the
face of this earth forever. u--"**•
Science took the theory of free will
from man with one hand, and with the
other presenlsd him with the will to
be free. When the wage-slave becomes
possessed of the wlll to he free, his
fetters will fall from him of their own
accord, and he will instantly stand up
—a free man.
SAM ANDERSON.
r
Speaking of brains: If capitalists
were unable to purchase nny thoy
would Btarve from lack of knowledge
of how to procure a living. PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, AUG. 17, 1912.
VANCOUVER   CAMPAIGN    FUND.
jjohn Elpe  1-00
Hill   1-00
j C. Howe  25
Below Is the list of contributors to'a. Howe    -25
•_te Vancouver election fund.   This list j Mr*Huf ™.r.„™7C;""—~tZ'TZ" -.'.oo
«3onld not be published before owing
tab the police officials having confls-
••■"ated some of the books belonging to
Local Vancouver No. 1.
•■.5. Hurnett   $  .26
W. Howell  2o
-A. Friend  50
- las. M. Jenkins   1.00
Mar.   Kook   50
A.   Henry    50
' T. M.  Beamish    5.00'
N. Ktelner   1.00
PTf>l>.  "KiikIIhIi  Kitchen  ItCHt."   1.00
Fl  Williams  25
-J. N. Mnr.Mlllan  ...   1.00
-1.   C.   Hurgews
R   Hums   	
W. .1. Curry .
- J. Pawcett ....
- I. Walton  	
H.   Vat-nidge
- I.  l.anlsan   ....
•John   llamlll
Butler   2.00
Lain Boss  B0
J. Stone  26
J. Elpe  60
J. Rudney  25
L. Falk  26
B. Seglln  26
C. Markle  60
A. Porter
GO
1.00 I
.50
.60'
1.00'
1.00
1.00
1.00
10.00:
M. SI. Mcintosh  26;
' T.  Q,   Stetler   60
-3.  Hbnlg  2.00'
■ •*".  Cormier    1.00'
\t.   McBcath   5.00'
-C Howe  1.00 I
"T. Connor    1.00!
Wm. Wallace   1.00
Wm. Gilbert   1.00.
runt  50 ■
'IVMllum    25
Mann  60
McKey   1.00
Itilck   1.00
■own   1.00
Janlson   1.00
Donaldson  50
I). P-fumnif-nd o0
S, Sharp  »0
II. Turnlmll  ~»
H. Honlnmn  25
Siunwriters  25
Stonecutters  10
Mr. Leckle  60
Geo. Snell »!
Harrv Neelands  50
Klttrertije  60
B, D, Heekle  60
W*. R. Hnnewell  60
H. Rayner 	
L. Bus^on	
J, Hepburn	
L. H. Burnham
W, MacDonald
"Ravnor" 	
H. Rahlm  1°-j;
C. G. Stronberg   J.OO
P.. T.othlan  1-00
Bi D. Seeney  4.00
Joe Mlnore  °0
1.00
.25
.25
.r.o
2.00
t.no
1. Hornett  •'•  }-00
M. Thorns   1-00
John Sllnore  -«:  '.00
B  J. L  6-00
E. G. Bishop   2.50
I R. Mcl.achlan  2.00
J. E. Slasson      •»*{
Shearme   ' ™
T. D 25
Beard  •-• 25
H. Simmers    •»»
Jckman    2-00 I vi™r*'sin<rh      4.00
fauhart   2.00  ^^ T?enis      2.00
ly'S'*."■" lHn\J-shirily -77r.         1.00
MKMoonev   1.00
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hingn   5.uo 1 «  Q,n„tn|-   1.00
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JfcKlnnon  r'°   Sumners      ••       2&
H. Mills  »2
J.  Daly   ll
Smlthson   .-26
A. Karme   J.OO
J. l.ansbury   '•*'»
A. Horne     -25
J. W. SlcG ,   2.00
Blrdman  25
Wm. I—    .60
.-non   2.00
H. H. Mclnnes  •    .25
M. Cameron  25
F. Curzon  25
P. L. Llnde 60
L. Tewelon 25
A. Crisis  25
Cronade  25
W.  Henly     1.00
•friend     l.oo
,„„,, „   friend     1.00
WtP    50   Ge0   Dunbc
■"• -5°   O.   Brown     1.00
G. H. "Hut-rough  50
H. Cono'nnd 60
J.  McT.ennan     2.00
Jas.   Rintoul     2.00
commune Banquet  IS.00
maid
bury ..
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L.   Telford    er.	
Rahan Singh  	
•i2   SI.  O'Brien  	
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■6°,   .1.   Kilgur  	
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■ ■">. Larson  50
'^nS. AVoodburn    25
X T3rown 50
_ Brumley 50
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•26   JTi-Donald 60
•60   McN'ae    60
'•00! J. Jones  50
1.00| Mnnrlns    60
White   1.00
Booker   60
Partv  1.00
H.   Rol-on   25
Garrlck    50
■ 50   Caswell    25
Party      25
Anon  15
SIcDonald    25
Friend    ,  6.00
E. J.  Riley   1.00
J. Ewnn   1.00
F. Calleton  :  1.00
T.  Fvans  25
A.   H   1.00
R.   Burctt      1.00
C.  Tickle     1.00
J. Brockway  :. 1.00
C. Bntt    50
..G.   I.ane    50
J.  Xorrls    1.00
W.    Wright    : 26
A.  Bush   ?6
M.   N'lohnlson   50
F. Woodman   60
J. t ntt  ?6
J. JIocDonald   1.00
W.   Penman     1.00
Comrade    50
H.   Harris     1.00
W.  Henin   50
c.   Manneg   1.00
W.   Wright   1.00
A.  Poyaney 50
J. W. Gllllen   2.00
G. Orcliard   1.60
D. Morgan   1.00
Jack Wilson  10 00
coil, nt O-Rrien's Hall  18.90
Coll. nt Rmnress Theatre  17.00
■n**.   Rold    50
T. H   Fwan   1.00
W.   Hullo  50
J. P .Door   1.00
D.  Page  I  *> 00
T.   Wblldo         .50
in.. H. Herron   l.oo
,T. Jensen   50
R.   Boniface         00
"?• M gay       i.oo
J. ^ a\*ten   i go
G.   Honeybnll  l.oo
Extra donation from Commune Supper  76
H.   Hlscock   50
H. Oyerend   i'oo
Geo. Annard       so
.T.   Rarlow     .Ho
J.   JlcKee     i'oo
W. E. Young  i'oo
Li.   Armstrong       50
A. Blackburn  :     '50
John Nlssen  .'   '50
Pnrls Commune Suppor  ...,       100
J,  Rnhson   50
J.   Gibson   _  50
,T, Crossklll   '" '     ] 00
D. Webster   '50
**.*. Hurley     :Bo
«■ Lord       50
W.   Byers   	
Jas.  Williamson
T. Whiting 	
Wm.   Hlgglnson
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J. Sldnwny 	
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"*••*,;     .60
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Stebblngs          moo
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rolson     ,25
6ndy     '     '50
[Ollles     '.25
fcT.cnn  25
Inley  15
^rom       25
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(feOnrvin   1.00
Tbea. coll 22.00
. Pritchard   2.00
fenley     1.00
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lepl"   5.00
jiare   1.00
Blsopp 60
"Johnson   1.00
Black  2.00
|wls   5.00
..10.00
..    .50
.20.00
A RADICAL CHANGE.
Total Income    $r,so.66
Copy of Election Act   %     10
O'Brien's Hall (rent)    jsoo
1 doz. copies of voters' list     3 00
Election  deposits  50o!oo
Manifestos   iB,og
Signs anil carrying   4 50
Carrying signs for O'Brien Haii ....    2^60
Luncheons   I* 50
Apples     o'o5
Henderson's car fare  ......'.'.'.     '.26
Bags for apples    15
Crockery       !co
te. T. Kingsley (cards and'sTips).'.'.'.".'.' is!00
Painting sign for O'Brien's Hall .... 2 70
Sign and rig   il^O
50 1 Paste and gum  Z....    'j5
60
t,  .  ,. J690.20
Wodclt    -    i, 0h
W. A. PRITCHARD,
„,     ,   , ,      .       Treas. Campaign Fund.
Checked by Jno.  Reid.
Calgary Is said to be the fastest
growing city on the American continent, vide Calgary Press. Yes, and I
notice the doss houses are on the increase; alBO the second-hand stores.
The jail Is more than full and the
baton wlelders threatened to go on
strike the other day for a larger meal
tlcj-et. We are building three new
police stations, and on the whole
everything in the garden ls lovely—so
come on In and share in the general
prosperity.
Canadian influence ls being felt in
the proposed change of the Constitution, action and function of the Privy
Council. It is to be a radical change.
The Privy Council has hardly changed
since its initiation at the beginning
of the fifteenth century. It has its offshoots such as "the Cabinet" Judicial
Committee and the Boards of Trade,
Education, Works, Local Government
and Agriculture.
About 1833 the Judicial Committee
of the Privy Council was formed, and
consists of all Privy Councillors who
have held high judicial office, including the Lord Justices of Appeal. During 1895 certain Colonial Judges were
added. The Judicial Committee of the
Privy Council is the last appeal for
the various Dominions, Colonies and
also India. A decision given in a
magisterial court in Canada can be
appealed to the High Court in the
Province, in event of dissatisfaction
to the Appeal Court (ln the Province),
then to the Supreme Court in Canada.
If still unsuccessful, permission can
be given to appeal to the last court—
the Judicial Committee of the Privy
Council. The decisions of the latter
are not given by a majority vote, nor
can any dissenting from the verdict
give reasons for being a dissentient.
The proposed change has been greatly helped on by the dissatisfaction of
appellants (or vice versa) from Canada. For 500 years the P. C. has been
a close corporation. Now Colonials
are allowed on. Sir Wilfred Laurier,
when he challenged this country,
knew how to get representation. He
said: "If you want our aid, call us to
your councils." Colonials were called
all right.
At the last Imperial conference a
proposition was tabled to combine the
two bodies—the House of Lords
(which Is the last appeal for the
United Kingdom, and where a decision can be and is given by a majority vote) and the Judicial Committee,
This met with opposition of an extreme type and the bill submitted for
that purpose was hurriedly withdrawn.
The members of the House of Lords
had their way. Now another bill is
to be introduced here in England to
regulate the legal procedure of "your"
country, Canada, in conjunction with
the other self-governing (?) colonies
and dominions. The Judicial Committee will not be changed, but assessors
are to be appointed to assist in the
final decisions of the Committee, such
assessors having a special knowledge
of the Bubject of the cases that come
up for consideration. Owing to pressure from the Dominion Governments,
and in accordance with their expressed
wishes, any dissentient judge may be
free to give his reasons, providing, of
course, that His Britannic Majesty,
George V, will consent to the change.
There is your free country. It's not
governed by and at Ottawa, but at
Westminster, England. The change
proposed simply gives the corporations and trusts of Canada a greater
power than ever and makes your magistrates and judges look like little kids
with toys. The change, however,
speaks volumes for the Socialist. It
indicates how the feudal influences
are declining and how soon the capi
tallst will have the highest judicial
bench in his complete grasp. It Is
also a proof of the economic Interpre
tation of history. "A form of society
never breaks down until all the pro
ductive forces are developed for which
it affords room."
So said Marx. The founding of the
Judiciary in accordance with industrial development, Instead of the an
cient and effete feudal constitution, is
evidence in support of the Marxian
position. As the landlords had to be
defeated bo that the capitalists should
make laws legalizing robbery, so now
the capitalist must crush all life which
in any way impedes his progress. The
Privy Council is gradually becoming
the nominee of tho capitalist. For
hundreds of years it was the King,
his satellites and the landlords who
monopolized it. Today the manufacturers and financiers are being appointed to the Council. Proportionately with the wane of Influence of
the aristocrats, increases the power
of the capitalists. Just as powerful
as the capitalist class become, so do
they become weak. For the growh of
the Bystem will eventually overwhelm
them, and arising from their inability
to continue to make a profit the working class will assume control of the
political machinery, and proceed to
organize a system that will be as
bright as today is dismal, as happy
as today is miserable, and as elevating
as today is degrading.
MOSES BARITZ.
8ECRECY OF THE BALLOT.
The Eull Moose craze Is on in the
States, and we expect to hear of Fatty
Taft being supported by the cry of,
"Let Tal*. finish his work of busting the
Trusts." Laurler's last cry was something similar, but it's a loBlng game,
one by one the old political parties
are crying to the people for help to
bolster up the syBtem and one by one
their schemes fall. Eventually the slave
portion of society will cease supporting the parties who are out to reform
the system and wlll support the party
that stands for the complete abolition
of this system of robbery and exploitation.
As Observed in the North Battleford
District at the Recent Elections.
Circumstances as under.
We three farmers with others were
employed on a Government road under
construction 14 miles east of North
Battleford. Everything went well until election day, when all men working
on the road, entitled to a vote, were
driven over to the polls.
We three farmers had always understood that the ballot was secret,
and judge our surprise when, ln less
than half an hour after the polls were
closed, we were told by our very excited overseer to take our time. As
I the road was not nearly completed we
asked the overseer (who. Is a nelgh-
for) If we were dismissed for not
voting for the Liberal candidate, and
received the answer that such waB
the case. At receiving notice to take
our time we were also told that we
would not be able to get a job on
the Denholm rbad, which is another
road being constructed under the Government.
We asked the overseer how he
knew how we voted, whereon he remarked, "Never you mind, you have
got your time, and you will never get
another job under me."
We asked him where he got his
authority to dismiss us. He replied:
"From the Government." When asked
if the Government was at the school
house he had Just left, he looked quite
stupid. When asked- who and where
the Government was, he looked still
more stupid, bpt stated he got his
authority "from the law." When
asked what law, he lost control over
himself altogether, and when a man
does that, why, you can't get sense
or reason out of him. Anyhow, we
three farmers submit to the readers
that a man does not require any mental -qualifications to be a Liberal either
as a voter.or M. P., for the voter does
not understand what he is voting for
and the M. P. only has to do what
the Liberal bosses dictate.
In conclusion, I will remark as before, the overseer was a neighbor,
and showed in no unmistakable manner that he was our master. Moreover, he is professedly a good church
going Christian, and he showed us his
Christian spirit. Very Christian like,
indeed. Especially so, as he knew we
were in need of work. I mean money.
This will illustrate how some of
our masters, who own thousands of
slaves, virtually Bay, "Vote for my Interests or look for another master."
And still we sing "Britons Never Will
Be Slaves." It makes me smile out
loud. But Bpeed the day when slavery is abolished, and Socialism ushered in.
Yours in revolt,
J. CROW.
N. B.—The other two farmers referred to are Comrades G. Paul and
J. H. Timmer.
APHORISMS OF SOCIALISM.
(Continued from page one)
THE NEW CRUSADE.
To rescue from the foe the  Sacred
Shrine,
What fervor filled the western lands
of old!
What tides of armed valor eastward
rolled
From  Thames and  Tiber,  and  from
Loire and Rhine.
Then, as force failed, men sought an
higher sign—      r
"The pure alone can vanquish," and
behold
A company of guileless babes enrolled,
Unarmed and weak, to conquer Palestine.
To arms! To arms! it is the New Crusade
To save the whole wide world, our
Holy Land;
Bitter and  long the bloodless war
may be.
March on,  my  comrades,  my  brave
hearts!
Arrayed ln steel of courage like the
knightly band,
And In resistless might of purity.
JOHN ANDER80N STEWART.
When writing a subscriber's name
and address just spill the ink bottle
over the paper and mall to us. We
have an expert here who can make a
name out of anything.
An editorial ln the Calgary Herald
stated that Premier Borden was in
the enemy's camp when he was in the
National Liberal Club and headquart
ers of the Labor Members ln London,
Eng.' We claim that Premier Borden
just went in to have a good laugh with
the Libertl and Labor skates over the
way they are getting the workers • to
follow their red herring schemes.
Liberals, Conservatives and Labor politicians are enemies only on paper,
they all represent the Interests of
Capital and as long as they represent
those interests they are enemies of the
working claBs only.
ATENTS
[_i_I_____E_3IQI3i
In all Countries. Ask for bur Inventor's Adviser. Marlon £ Marlon,
364 University Street, corner St. Catherine Street, Montreal, and Washington. D. C, U. S. A.
largely obscure the fact of the existence of a class struggle, and lt is quite
conceivable that men could not discern
a class barrier which was so easily surmounted, or regard as a elass apart
that circle which waB every day being
Invaded by members of their own
class.
Again, there were not such extremes
of riches and poverty to impress the incongruity of the wealth distribution on
the minds of the victims of a vicious
system. The productivity of labor was
comparatively low, and for that reason
;the share taken by the producer and
the non-producer respectively was not
so glaringly disproportionate as to
compel thought.
And still again, the development of
the system had not yet reached/that
level at which It sets the owner of the
productive wealth free from any participation In their operation. The rise
and development of joint stock companies have had the effect of banishing the owners of the means of production from the arena of production.
Their personal command over their
productive wealth has given place to
personal command over their shares.
They are so far removed from production that they cannot possibly be supposed to have a hand in it. But the
earli«r capitalists, from their closer
connection with industrial operations,
never appeared to stand in the position
of superfluities. Their co-operation
seemed to be a necessary part of the
productive operation, and therefore the
share they took of the product did not
appear as surplus value plundered from
the workers, but as wealth which the
masters had assisted in producing.
These things prevented the working
class from realizing that they alone
were the producers of all wealth, that
the capitalist class were entirely parasitic, existing upon the robbery of the
workers, and that there was an Irreconcilable antagonism of interest between the two classes and therefore a
class struggle. So the struggle was
fought out without any great conscious
direction.
But the development of the means
and instruments of production, and the
consequent and attendant development
of the methods of production, have
stripped the capitalist system of moBt
of its secrets. Men cannot let go unchallenged forever a system which accompanies an astounding increase In
the productivity of human energy with
an appalling Increase In the poverty
of those who carry on production. Men
cannot observe without thinking the
growing detachment from industry, the
heaping wealth and luxury, the increasing idleness and uselessness, of
those who own the means whereby
they live. Men cannot witness without
rising knowledge of the class division,
the strengthening of the barrier which
shuts them ever more completely out
Trom the.circle of luxury and leisure
and comfort which, increasingly mock
their poverty and insecurity and the
hopeless futility of all their weary labor. Men cannot see the forces of
competition hurrying all into combinations and organizations, but always,
always, organizations and combinations of masters and men apart, of
masters and men opposed—men can
not see this without a dawning of light,
a conception of the class struggle, a
strengthening of class feeling, a creation of class hatred, and the birth and
uprising of a new consciousness and
principle to guide and direct the class
struggle. In other words, the development of the capitalist system Itself
gathers up all the scattered, inarticulate forces lighting a ragged battle
which they only half understand
against what they know not, and welds
them Into a solid army prosecuting ordered warfare for a clear and definite
purpose—the industrial development,
in short, makes the Socialist and the
Socialist movement.
So the class struggle, as time goes
on, assumes a different aspect, in strict
correspondence with the changing vis
age of capitalism. When the capitalist
class stood as revolutionaries before
the capitalist system, their victory was
essential to further progress, and therefore was good for the race in the long
run. But immediately they had overthrown the reactionary system of the
period and established a new system,
that system, In Its turn, and the class
who ruled under It, became reactionary.
And as this reactionary character
has become more pronounced, as the
system and the class have become a
geater clog to progress and more fruitful of social Injury, so the character of
the class struggle has become more
revolutionary. While the fight for the
possession of the wealth produced under the system is not less bitterly
maintained, the class struggle finds its
highest expression in the movement for
revolution, for the overthrow of the
capitalist system of society, with Its antagonism of Interests, and the emancipation of the working class from thraldom.
This, then, Is the true meaning Of our
Btatement that there exlBts a class
Btruggle in society. It ls a struggle to
malnain and abolish a social system.
A. B. JACOMB. IN
SOCIALIST  STANDARD
E. T. KINGSLEY
•^Printer
Publisher
High-Grade
Catalogue
Book and
Commercial
NEW LABOR TEMPLE
VANCOUVER,   B.   0.
GREAT BOOKS
BY CREAT MEN
Age of Reason, Paine 25c
Origin of Species, Darwin 25c
Eight Lectures and Essays, Inger-
soll    25c
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The White Slave Traffic  (cloth),
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Ingersoll's 44 Lectures; $1.25
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66 YEARS-
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Anyone sending e sketch and description msy
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sent free. Oldest auency for socuniir patents.
I'ntonU taken through Munn A Co. reoelTS
special notice, without ehnrse, in tbe
Scientific American.
k li-andtomei HlnrtntM weekly. I&rg«* circulation ot nny S'llaiittflo joonul. Twirii for
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all new*ii*_iM_
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W. W. Lefeaux
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and at
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Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
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with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
labor mass meetings, the home,
etc. Propaganda on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps ot coin.
Address, Socialist Literature Co,
"Dept. P" 15 Spruce St.,
New York City
LITERATURE.
We need money and we want to
make way for new pamphlets. Therefore we make the following offer:
Manifesto of S. P. of C  10c
Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism   10c
Socialism and Unionism     Eo
Slave of the Farm     Be
Struggle for Existence      Be
Summary of Marx' "Capital" So
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BOc
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