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Western Clarion Feb 3, 1912

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Vancouver's Civic Administration Strips the Mask of
Hypocrisy From Democratic Government and
Discloses the "Iron Hand" of Class Rule.
The "iron hand" with which Jas.
Flndlay, newly-elected mayor of Vancouver, proposed to deal with the unemployed problem was last Sunday
jabbed Into unexpected quarters. It
struck that much' vaunted Brltis)
privilege of free speech a vicious blow
below the belt.
A peaceful, orderly and good-natureu
audience, composed of several thousand unemployed and more fortunate
citizens, assembled on the Powell
street grounds to hear a discussion
-of the Important Issues of the day,
was without warrant or provocation
violently attacked and rudely dispersed by armed policemen, mounted
and afoot.
The principal purpose of the meeting was to allow Comrade R. K Pettlplece, of the Trades and Labor Council, to deliver to the people of Vancouver the information he had received from Premier McBride as to
the government's attitude toward the
unemployed question. Representatives of the Socialist Party and the
I. W. W. were also to deliver addresses
on this matter and to protest against
the attitude of the city ln forbidding
street speaking. No trouble was anticipated and there was no feeling ol
defiance manifest, as the meeting was
held ln a public square, where there
was no danger of Impeding traffic o>
of .disturbing anyone.
A little after 2 p. m. the meetlnr
was opened by Wm, Coombs, of th<
I. W. W., who spoke briefly, the:
made way for Comrade Burgess,
whose remarks were also very brief.
Comrade Lestor then took the box
and spoke for a few minutes. After
he had finished, Comrade Pettlplece
got on the box and commenced his
address. He was Just about to tell of
his' Interview with the Premier when
the Chief of Police elbowed his way
to the box, followed by three officers.
"I must ask you to disperse," said
the Chief, Comrade Pettlplece said
he had been requested to address the
meeting and would do so. He Had
no power to disperse the crowd. In a
few seconds the crowd began to scatter ln all directions before tho clubs
of forty policemen. Although no resistance was offered and no one retaliated, the clubs descended right
and left. Old men who could not run
fast enough and those who were poorly dressed suffered the most. The fact
that no one resisted and that they
were licensed to attack law-abiding,
unarmed and unoffending citizens
seemed to carry the constables away
and they charged about, usint; their
clubs Uke mad men.
In the midst of the onslaught Comrade Pettlplece stuck to his guns
and attempted to continue his message
to the workers. He was Anally dragged from the box and taken to the
police station. Several I. W. W; men
attempted to speak, but were speedily
seized and hustled away to jail.
After the sluggers on foot had clear-
ed the square, fifteen mounted police
began driving' everyone from' the surrounding, streets. One of these rode
down the centre of a crowded sidewalk for a block, going at full gallop,
or as near full gallop as the human
impediments would allow. People
were knocked right and left by this
fiend, who acted like a man crazed
with drink. Comrade Watts, who was
forced to jump off the sidewalk to
save his life, called the over-officious
brute a "Cossack" and a few seconds
after was arrested.
While the excitement was at its
height, a number of the unemployed
marched up to the Hotel Vancouver,
They were Immediately followed by
the mounted police, who had now
worked themselves into a state of uncontrollable fury. They charged onto
the sidewalks and everywhere horses
would go, riding down anybody and
everybody, and slashing all thoy could
reach with their heavy leather whips,
which are loaded with lead. Comrade
Lestor was ln this crowd, but was
arreBted and taken away before the
mounteds arrived. This* saved him
from serious Injury-
One thung Is reported to have
struck an aged woman across the
face after telling" her to "get to hell
put of here." Two Minneapolis capitalists who were passing along Granville street, unaware that anything
unusual was transpiring, were crushed
by a horse against a brick wall and
severely injured besides being clubbed
over the head. The policeman did not
know they were capitalists or lt
.vouldn't have happened. He Was
jimply frenzied by the brief career
>f unbridled lawlessness the civic
tuthoritles had launched him upon.
i3arly ln the fracas great discrimination was practiced, only those who
were feeble or who looked very much
like workingmen were very viciously
attacked. But as blood began to flow
caution was thrown to the winds'
and everybody who got within range
of a Cossack's weapon got a broken
head. 4
When the police had withdrawn
from the original place of mooting
somewhat, some of the determined
spirits started another meeting. This
was the signal for the most horrible
outrages of the day. That no one
was killed outright was a marvel. As
lt was, scalps were laid open, faces
cut, teeth broken and several were
rendered unconscious.
The only rioters and disturbers of
the peace last Sunday were Vancouver
policemen. No more orderly or well-
behaved crowd ever gathered than
hat which assembled on the Powell
-.treet grounds to hear the speakers.
Everybody appeared to be ln a good-
latured mood and there was not the
lightest danger of trouble had the
Iron hand" been kept -where it be-
Altogether, about twenty-five were
arrested, including Comrades Pettlplece, Watts, Reed, FUher, Lestor,
Leal;, Hurst and McDowall of the
S. P. of C.
The Socialist Party, In a measure,
owes a debt of gratitude to Mayor
Flndlay tor the disorderly conduct of
his minions last Sunday. And that
in spite of the fact that many of Its
members were thrown Into the city's
lousy, filthy, insanitary, loathsome
dungeon, called by courtesy a jail.
We should be grateful, for the excellent propaganda done with the club
and tbe whip.
Many a bruised cranium bears aching testimony today to the bitter fact
of the class struggle, that unbruised
used to shout "Rule Britannia." More
workers will now listen to Socialism
than ever before. The Cossack treatment ts a good thing once ia a while
—it helpB some to think.
Comrade Henderson, familiarly
known as "Yorkle," was set upon
Monday last and severely beaten by
two policemen. No attempt was made
to arrest him and the motive for the
attack 1s unknown. Comrade Henderson had been near a free speech
meeting on Carrall street, but had
taken no part and was going about
his business when attacked. The oily possible reason for the assault is
that he is known to be a Socialist and
this is tbe method employed -by the
rulers to combat their opponents' political arguments.
Socialism ls for a free world.
Socialism ls for equal opportunity
for all.
Socialism is tor the emancipation of
Socialism Is for free access of all
people to a chance to work and make
a living.
Socialism ls for the realization of the
dream of the ages, for real honesty and
genuine morality.
Socialism Is for a system which will
enable people to live Instead of having
to devote all their time to making a
Socialism is for stopping the robbery
of the worker, and believes that this
being done, poverty will disappear
from earth.
Socialism is tor industrial democracy; for a rule by the people instead
of by the plutocrats, for property for
all instead of all for property.
Socialism is against peonage.
Socialism ls against tyranny ln all
Its forms.
Socialism ls against white slavery:
and 6hlld slavery.
Socialism is against the Incentive
which leads to selling Impure foods
for the sake of profits.
Socialism ls against the wicked idea,
which says that poverty must afflict
the'race of man.
Socialism is against the system
which  makes almshouses, jails    and
penitentiaries necessary to house its
Socialism is against the murder ot
the workers in war and against the use
of the people's money ln preparation
for this murder.
Socialism is against the system
which robs the worker of the fruit
of his toil and gives it to the owner
of the machine who does not work.
Socialism is against permitting a
few men to own the Jobs and having
lt In their power to keep the masses
irom work and a chance to live.—New
With the Far East Equipped With the Tools of Capitalist Production the Final Breakdown of Capitalism Will Come.
In ecrtaln circles there ts a period- ,bor and natural resources than the ef-
ic howl raised over the "arrogance of teto Occident. The slaves of clvlllsa-
'Labor."   Truly this ls amusing when *on ^ c"-*ted B0 enormously <>' all
we consider for a moment the Mlcaw-'
wares  that  the  masters  were  com-
YONKERS, N. Y., Jan. 31.—The unknown man who was found starving
and with both feet frozen at the city
garbage dump last night recovered
sufficiently ln St. Joseph's Hospital today, to tell Dr. Isadore Miller that he
was Malash Callaman, 42 years old,
of 444 Bast Tenth street, Manhattan.
He said he came to Yonkers several
days ago to find work, but failed to
get anything. He built a little hut out
of boards, pieces of tin and rags that
he found on the dump. He lived on
crusts of bread and other bits of food
that he picked from the garbage
heaps. It was while digging in a frozen pile that he was overcome.
It was said at the hospital tonight
that he would live.
pelled early In the game to find out-
ber-llke 'umbleness of the average l8ide market for the surplus. Theae
slave. "Day in, day out, from morn markets must be found outside ot civ-
'till nlghf'-he labors, producing an UUsatlon. as all "civilized" countrlea
I .     . . ,. , .were ln the same predicament, their
abundance, yet he never asks or won-1 " " u ""** "~" "V™*™ * ~~
t .warehouses piled high with goods that
ders why he hasn't something to do ^ workerB couWri.t buy because tho
with the control or disposal of the stipend or wage they received was
wealth he produces. Occasionally an merely sufficient to buy very limited
individual or group of Individuals of ,QnmtlUes of pork, beans and hard
Ithe genus wage slave, enraged by .tack* So the "clvlllstHl" "oaUons began
I a campaign of conquest of the heathen
t-elr apparent helplessness   and   In-|or -uncivlUzed.. portion of the globe.
ability to cope with the might of in- iThey are till engaged ln the pleasing
'tarnational capital, get upon their hind pastime as is shown by the pres; dls-
1-gB and for a few moments growl or 'patches regarding the indiscriminate
mayhap nip at the trousers legs of j shooting, hanging end torturing of
their masterB as did the McNamara hapless victims in Persia, Tripoli and
brothers   recently.    Immediately   the
["arrogance of labor" howl Is raised.
Apparently the henchmen and boot-
sundry other places. ,
The average wage In any community or country'depends upon the coat
lickers of the masters fear that these o{ the food   ci0thlng and Bhelter ne-
Having been appointed us Socialist Party organizer for Vancouver City and vicinity, I feel it is due to Socialist party members
and supporters to put the case plainly to them.
There has, until lately (beyond meetings- in halls and on the
street and the resultant sale of literature) not been any serious effort to systematically organize the city by the Socialists in the city.
By organization I mean the connecting upcof the efforts of
those who, recognizing a common cause, have a common purpose in
The details of organization would take up too much space to
go into here, but to give a general idea of the work to be done I
might say the first thing to be done is to find out the names and
addresses of Socialists in the city, next, to give those who are willing some work to do in the way of distributing literature and finding out other Socialists in order that they may, in their turn, be
given work to do.
As we get the names of Socialists we,have to ascertain if they
nre on the voters' list, and, if not, to see, at the proper t'me, that
they are placed on. This is but a little of the work to be done, but
it will give a general idea.
Splendid spoken propaganda has been carried on for a number
of years in this city and is still being carried on; it has been highly
appreciated, as has been shown by the large crowds and great enthusiasm at these meetings. Let us see what these large crowds
and great applause means, if it means that the applauders applaud
because they look upon a Socialist meeting as an entertainment, or
applaud because their heart is in the Socialist movement.
A number of young men are already working in small districts
in the vicinity of their homes, but we want and must have more.
Now we come to the point: All willing to do a little on the
lines already mentioned send in your names to the undersigned.
579 Homer-Richards Lane,
things portend an awakening and they
are searching the heavens and the
earth for means whereby < they may
appease the "arrogant" slaves for the
time being and thus postpone the Deluge.
The Montreal Weekly Witness recently, Jan. 9, '12, published an editorial of this nature and ln the course
of Its remarks reiterates a warning
which has been given a prominent
place, In Socialist [propaganda ever
since the time of Marx. It refers to
the commercial awakening and devel
opment ot China, Japan, India and
other Oriental countries and utters a
solemn warning to all "arrogant'
slaves to the effect that If they do not
at once evince the proper degree of
'umbleness, Mr. Yellow Man will get
their jobs. As the development of the
Orient and its hordes of cheap labor
is bound to win over the European
and American worker anyhow, we fall
to see how humbleness Is going to Improve our position much. Anyhow,
let us examine the "Witness" outbreak
and the cause for it. i
Before   Enquiry,  Louis  Brandeis  Declares Steel Trust Grinds Down
Washington, Feb. 1.—That 05 per
cent of' the employees of the United
States Steel Corporation in the Pittsburg district earn lesB than the actual
oost of subsistence of the average
American family in Pittsburg was a
calculation made at the steel trust
hearing today by Louis Brandeis.
"The Associated Charities of Pittsburg have computed the cost of bare
existence of a husband, a wife and
three children ln the city at $718 a
year," he said.
"By working twelve hours a day
365 days ln the year, 65 per cent, of
the steel workers there earn $150 less
than the amount actually required for
the bare cost of living."
Mr. Brandeis declared that ln ten
years the steel corporation had taken
from the American people $650,000,000
ln excess of a liberal profit on its Investments.
"This enormous profit," be said,
has been used to grind down its employees to the misery of their present
On Sunday, the 21st, an unemployed
demonstration that was taking ce
on a large public square was suited
by the police of Vancouver, so the Socialist party of Canada, the I. W. W.,
trades unionists and unemployed decided to test the right of free speech
the following Sunday, January 28. On
that date a crowd of between two and
three thousand persons assembled. Fellow Worker Coombs opened the meeting. Comrades Burgess, Reed and
Lestor spoke, then Comrade Pettipiece.
Whilst the latter was speaking the police arrived on the scene and read a
by-law that was enacted In 1910 which
stated that a meeting on any public
grounds, streets or parks was nn unlawful assembly. The sheriff then told
Comrade Pettipiece he would huve to
disperse the crowd. Comrade Pettipiece
appealed to the crowd to ln no way use
violence, but that the meeting would
go on, that only cowards would attack
a defenceless and peaceable crowd. A
few minutes later tho police, thirty or
forty strong, charged the cro.wa, and
with batons drawn hit out right and
left. Comrade Pettlplece and about
twenty others that attempted to speak
were thrown into Jail. The Cossacks
rode down the people on the sidewalks,
and with the foot police clubbing right
and left lt resembled a riot, but there
was no violence on the part of the
crowd, This went on for about an
hour, the police driving the crowd several blocks. The crowd then lined up
and marched to the Vancouver hotel
and back to the city hall, where Com
rade Lestor was arrested with several
ethers for inciting to riot. About twen
ty-five weer landed In jail that day, and
no ball was allowed. We were thrown
Ave and six in a cell 6x8 with but two
beds, and in most cases but one mattress and one blanket between the occupants.' The stench In the cells was
fearful. The jail Is the most insanitary
place In the city. A bucket is placed
In a cell for the use of the occupants
and emptied but once a day. No one
was allowed to the lavatory, so you
can judge for yourself the stench that
must exiBt ln that building 30x50 with
over eighty occupants tn steel cages.
The brutality of the police ln the prison ls even worse than that of those
outside. To knock, men senseless and
beat them up is delightful to such Inhuman Cossacks. The food, perhaps
relished by some jail birds, ls not relished by men who do not delight ln
being in jail.
On Monday ten more men were
thrown in jail and those the police did
not want to arrest were beaten up,
among the vctims being several old
men and cripples. Bail was obtained
Monday for several of us and the fight
still goes on. Hundreds could not obtain admission to our propaganda
meeting ln the Empress Thearte on
Sunday night. One hundred and four
dollars was collected, $54 of which
goes to fight the case. Anyone wishing
to send anything for the fund can semi
the same to the writer and lt will be
acknowledged lu The Clarion.
cessary to keep a slave in proper physical form for work; In the course ot
his campaign against heathendom the
capitalist has found that Oriental
workers can subsist upon considerably
less than the.European or American
slaves and he accordingly proceeds to
develop" these countries. Bald process being the erection of factories
and mills, the opening up of mines and
the herding of the slaves Into these
places to produce wares. When we
consider the fact tbat the Orient ls
the last portion of the globe to adopt
capitalist civilization and that once
this market ls satisfied there can be
no question of further extension,,!
markets unless a method is discovered
of shipping the surplus products to
Mars we can then understand just
what capitalism is up against.
The Witness says that production
will go to China and India as a result
of the textile strike. We know and
can easily prove that production will
go to the Orient anyhow, strike or no
strike, unless the workers of Europe
and America are prepared to live on a
^VT^Tt^T™}.^** !!°.tew pennyworth of rice per day and
wear no "shirts. It will go to China
and India because capital ls bound to
flow wherever lt can find a more profitable  field   for  exploitation.    It  is
.    . .,„„ ,.„. .physically Impossible for us to even
ators at once locked out about 300,000. \       tQ compete ^ ^ hundredg of
between masters and slaves ln the
textile districts of England. As usual
we find the slaves divided. The unionists refused to work with the so-called
"scabs" (non-unionists) and the oper-
These are now taking an enforced vacation.    As capitalist law and usage
millions of cheap slaves of these countries.   And anyhow It's none of our
declares that slaves were created foridamned ^^ „ ^ magter dagg
the sole purpose of working-all other. t move ,„ lndUBtrleB t0 Chlna.
habits and customs being merely lncl- \ &re g]aveg vhQ ge„ ourgelveg t0
dental, to this universal and very ne-l^ fora stlpend( hay and oat,, whUe
cessary hablt-and as dividends ant- need ug    Tomorrow they won-t
fer In consequence of any protracted n(jed ug ,onger ag they wU, ^
Idleness on their part, it Is very ne- found yel)ow men wnQ wl„ do th(J
cessary and natural again from the wQrk ag we„ and ,Qr ,egg pay Then
standolnt of master class law ethics) Ve chage ourge]veg off the earth
that every effort should  be made to ^       ^ are concerned
frighten  them   back   to   their  tasks.
Hence the  warning  from  the  "Wit-     Fll»»nK the M ">™ °< government
„ somewhat   cumbersome,  the  master
The Rev. Dr. Inge, Dean of St. cl"» h" engineered a revolution In
Paul's, has Issued a warning to the Cnl»*' The slaves of the country have
working people of London, whose In- .**** Pereuaded that they have every
terests he ha. at heart (?). He be- ">"« to -*■* *** nothing to lose by
lieves the transfer of Industrial wealth the oerthrow of the Manchus. It is a
'to eastern Asia wlll be a certain se- ,*».P*-i«cant fact that the new provl-
'quel to the European labor movement, ■«"■> president of the provisional re-
'and that a wor,e fate would probably P*"»'c <« * cMHMt C™»U™ •*»«••
befall Australia. Easy (!) conditions man who has traveled extens velyin
'of labor may survive as long as our Europe and  America and so Imbibed
all   the  virtues  of capitalist  govern-
There is no doubt but that, If
country Is exploiting an enormous na
tural  wealth, but at no very distant ments,
'date we will be tried by a standard ,«" Republic succeeds and the chances
not our own. The present cotton strike .«• very largely In '* J»™ »»_$•
l:i England will prove a boon to  the
Letter ln the Clarion Offlce addressed to E. Boxall and O. Rayner.
cotton mills that have been started in
India and southern China, as well as
to those started among the negroes of
the Southern States. It cannot but
firow Into the hands of these people
a trade that the English cotton operator has been fighting with his best
Ingenuity to hold. Once such trade
ls lost lt ls a question If lt can ever
be regained with the present conditions of labor. England might soon
be crying out for foreign cheap labor
to keep her mills going. Should the
strike last long It ls probable that
many struggling mills will find no
market for their output after the first
rush to supply the shortage created
by strike.
] That this Is true there can be no
question. International capital has
'discovered that China, India and Japan
jwlth their hordes of cheap workers
provide a more profitable field for investment and exploitation of both la-
time of writing, the new admlnlstra-
lon will be found to be thoroughly
afe and sane from a master-class
So then the position may be put
husly. Capitalism could not continue
o exist without foreign markets. The
laves produce about five times as
nuch as they can buy back with their
wages.    For the disposal of the four-
Continued on page three
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
Published every Saturday by tho Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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B. C.
•CtyA ■-Wa-tch the label on your paper. If
*9-ftr this number Is on It, your subscription   expire ji   the   next   Issue.
Vancouver's present civic administration came into power at the recent
elections through the efficient working
of the Conservative political machine
of the province, ably aided and abetted by the church, the liquor Interests,
the "red light" Influence and all the
other forces of moral and ethical uplift that constitute the stock-in-trade
of the "better element" of this and all
other modern municipalities. In this
happy combination for moral and ethical uplift should also be included the
real estate interests, unless one feels
inclined to igitore the importance of
Vancouver's leading industry and withhold credit from its zealous and disinterested promoters.
It is a well known fact that a surplus of labor in tbe market gives great
satisfaction to employers of labor.
With such a surplus to act as a sort
of check upon the avarice and greed
of the workingman, which is apt to
express itself in a demand for higher
wages, the price of labor power can
he kept within bounds quite satisfactory to the purchaser thereof. In
order to be at all times assured of the
presence of such a surplus It Ib quite
proper for the employing class to use
any artifice that ingenuity may suggest to* attract workers to any given
locality. Lying inducements may be
freely held out, and even though, they
be made more alluring by being made
through religious channels and voiced
by religions enthusiasts, no moral or
ethical code of the employing class
and Its retainers and hangers-on has
in any manner been violated. This
sort of thing has been going on in
this province, ns well as elsewhere,
until a large number of men have
gathered here, in excess of the number for whom there Is employment.
Naturally these men wlll foregather
In the larger cities and towns. A
large number are in this city at
present. Finding themselves here In
considerable numbers, quite naturally
they get together and endeavor to
find some way to relelve their pressing needs. Meetings .have been held
In' the public streets, and some hundreds have marched to the city hall
and requested the city administration
to consider their case, with a view
to affording some relief, if possible.
Those who have had experience with
these unemployed demonstrations,
' wherever they may have occurred—
and they have been of frequent oc
currence in many cities during recent
years—know that employment will Immediately satisfy the men. The moment they can provide for their needs
through employment, even though the
wage be Bmall and the employment
but temporary, they at once become
quiet and patiently await the turning
of the tide of their fortunes by the
coming of summer, which usually
marks somewhat of a betterment of
Industrial conditions as compared with
the winter season.
This precious civic administration
already referred to scented danger to
real estate and kindred interests if
unemployed men were to voice their
" needs too loudly. Were evidence of
rotten Industrial conditions to be
spread abroad, prospective Investors
in Vancouver real estate might be
frightened away and the financial lu
bricant so necessary to the industry
of selling town lots be no longer forthcoming. This awful prospect prompted decisive action and of sufficiently
drastic a charaoter to preserve thi?
"fair fame" of "our" city untarnished.
The edict goes forth that no more
street meetings are to be held. As
this has evidently applied to all organizations and bodies which have
been In the habit of using the streets
for "such purposes, there Is no reasonable ground for complaint. Street
meetings, of whatever character, have
always been a nuisance, and It Is
more than doubtful that enough good
ever accrued to any cause through
such meetings to at all compensate
for the energy expended. If the edict
clearing the streets of meetings ls
made permanent and enforced against
all  alike,  there   should  be  no  complaint from any one.
On Sunday last a large number
(several thousand) men gathered at
Powell street grounds ln response to
a call for a public meeting Issued by
the committee having the unemployed matter In charge. It has not yet
been shown that any of those who
gathered at this meeting had any intention to commit an overt act. They
were without arms. No threats, either
against life or property, had been
made. The speakers who were to address the gathering mostly belonged
ln Vancouver, some of them being officials of the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council and among the most!
widely known men in the labor movement of Canada. In spite of all this,
however, it was ordained by the powers that be that this gathering must
not be allowed,' no matter how peaceable and orderly it might be. Disorder, violence, brutality, riot and
ruffianism must be inaugurated, even
if it had to be done in the name of
the law.
No sooner was the meeting called
that the law, in the shape of the city
police, stepped in and converted a
peaceable assembly of quiet and orderly men, women and children into a
struggling mass of frightened humanity, fleeing for their lives from the
brutal assault of the police acting
under the Mayor's orders. Mounted
as well as unmounted'police were used
in the dastardly business. Some ,of
the speakers were arrested and the
balance, participants, spectators, bystanders and passersby, were driven,
lashed, beaten and ridden down with
a reckless brutality that has scarce
been equalled, even in the realms of
'ie Czar. Eye-witnesses who have
seen many affairs of like character assert that never did they witness
coarser brutality or more unbridled
ferocity than was exhibited upon this
occasion hy the "guardians of law and
order," the police of Vancouver.
Four arrests have been made since
Sunday, but, as in numerous cases,
men have been ruthlessly beaten up
by the police, it would appear that
"Cossack rule" Is henceforth to be the
order of the day. To arrest men and
go through with even the farce of a
trial involves at least some expense to
the virtuous taxpayer. To beat up
unemployed and empty-stomached men
on the street *ls cheaper—and probably quite as effective ln removing the
conditions of unemployment.
The workers of Vancouver may as
well be satisfied with "Cossack rule."
As none of the forces that busy themselves in the good work of moral and
ethical uplift, referred to above, have
even as much as protested against the
Cossack brutality of last Sunday lt is
safe to assume that such rule meets
with their approval. It ls therefore
up to the workers to gracefully submit, no matter how great tbe personal
discomfort arising from being beaten
up by two policemen, each twice his
It would be well for the mayor ano
his backers to know that the time has
gone by when people can be ruled
by the "Cossack" plan. It may be
successful for the moment, but these
acts of high-handed brutality must
eventually stir, up a spirit or resistance that will express itself in acts
of retaliatory violence that will be
no more conducive to peace, order and
decency than are the original acts of
brutality and violence upon the part of
the authorities themselves. There are
no problems pressing for solution that
cannot, and should not, be settled
by the reason and judgment of men.
No problems have ever been solved
by the brutality and ferocity of beasts.
Any man who ls yet so Ignorant as
to believe that human progress can
be held In check by the club and the
'Cossack," and who is so devoid of
human instinct as to resort to their
ise, is entirely unlit to sit In authority, because his every act becomes a
menace to peace, order, liberty, security and everything else that is
good and worthy In modern civilization.
The resort to "Cossack rule" ln Vancouver, however, --trips the mask of
hypocrisy from our "better element.'
It discloses the velvet paw ot the
property cat to be possessed of exceedingly sharp claws and a healthy
disposition to use them upon occasion.
In short, it discloses government in its
true light—the club, the gun and the
"Cossack." By watching these even
the dullest can learn what government
is for.
Vancouver's present administration
is entitled to a vote of thanks for
making things so plain that some of
its working clasB supporters at the
late elections will now be able to see
bands and big drums; they might have
hired a full orchestra of calliopes and
made corners of the welkin ring that
never rang before. The police would
have been tliere only to see that they
were not molested.
As lt was, they assembled to discuss
their own unemployment—a dangerous |
subject.   Not a shred of, evidence can
be produced that any of them even|
made faces at the police, or might do ,ot our Platform and aims.
bo.    But the police charged  through     The Convention of the B, C. Feder-
them afoot and on horseback, striking ation of Labor now In session at Vic-
rlght and left.
Milestones on the road to revolution
re being passed rapidly these days
r nd no man can say what will happen
next or how soon we as a party will
be face to face with the problem of
taking really active steps on the basis
||,        Socialist   Party   Directory
toria would be a shook to labor men
of ton years ago that they would nev-
Take notice that tho police had nol , (J  A, , ,,
. .   . , ,   " •"*■"■"■"■ "au "" er get over  could they  only  realize
lawful right to do this. That they were, i
in fact, breaking the first law of the |the chanee of attltuae now 888Umed
land in assaulting peaceable and or-^y  the  delegates  from    the  various
derly people.    The mayor did  abso- trades unions.
For a long time it has been commonly known that the foremost members of the Federation were almost to
lutely wrong In sending them to do
the job.
What are you going to do about it?
Did you get clubbed?   What will you ,
do?   Take civil action for damages? ,E man straight Socla!ists °n the P°":
Or make it a criminal case? It would
be too laugh. You are absolutely helpless.
teal field, but even their equanimity
cams to be suffering from the effects
of the first realization of the fact that
Had a big policeman come charging  nstead of a convention of Labor Fed-
down on you, dared you have even defended yourself? Had you shot the policeman you would be hanged in due
course, though the policeman was making an unprovoked assault with a dead-
eratlonists they had on hand a bunch
of RedB that were for turning the
convention into a meeting of revolutionary   Socialists   forthwith.     Some
ly weapon and you were acting in de- 0f us may take a pride—and rightly
fence of your life.
That crowd could have cleaned up
the police in short order if they had
been as bad as they were represented
to be. Then what? The militia were
right there. Behind them all the
militia in Canada. Behind them the
so—in the position taken by our-party
but the writer would gladly see introduced among us the methodical and
get-through the business style of our
friends now in convention at Victoria.
They turned up on time some eighty
cad with an air that meant serious de-
I islons.   And they came from all over
The State can Bend out police and   ne Provlnce.   There are coal minerB
nd waitresses, plumbers and  cooks,
militia—an army and a navy, if neces-
sary-against you when you are "in   elegl.aphers and plck and shovel ar.
the right."   Can   do  it "against   the
law."    Can put you "in the wrong.'
Can hang you for resisting.
What can you do?
Just one thing:   BE THE STATE.
In the New Year's Bulletin published
by the Winnipeg Industrial Commissioner are certain figures relating to
wealth production. It states that in
the factories of Winnipeg there are
15,000 hands (!) with a monthly pay-'   Q,8CUBslon Qn a uniform wage would
roll of $750,000, and that the output I- be ^ q. p,ace    Un8C,entlflc per.
ists, clerks and bricklayers, cement
workers and electrical workers, in
fact almost every conceivable useful
trade seems to have one or more delegates.
Some consciously, others unconsciously, but all quite evidently awake
to the fact that- closer union was an
absolute necessity and taking that position without one dissentient voice.
The statement was -made and not
disputed that machinery was putting
them all Into the unskilled camp, and
that ln the not very far distant future
-Looal, wnzsow, a. p. of c.
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
local TaxMCm nvriMT, n. c, no. ss,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday ln
hall ln Empress Theatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    h. H. Gorhani, Secretary.
LOCAL   mUrOLBTOKM,   n.  0.,    XO.    7,
8. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. dayman, Secretary.
for 1911 was $40,000,000!
haps, but an indication of awakening.
These figures will, no doubt, be!And several resolutions on the slate
passed over thoughtlessly by the aver- endorsing the Socialist Party of Can-
age wage slave, but in working them ana -n the political field! And these
out we find that these wage slaves got resolutions certain to pass In the or-
on the average $600 per year In wages, jdlnary way of business! But what
and further that they eacL produced a 'about several old and conservative,
fraction over $2,660 worth of goods, jalso numerically strong, unions that
They therefore abstained from over'already eye with suspicion and fear
$2,000  worth of this  world's  wealth bred of conservatism  and- ignorance
the  socialistic   leanings   of   the  yet
oung Federation?
What about the fact that Socialism
s not grasped by the majority or the
ank and file?
Is it an opportune moment to allow
uch drastic and revolutionary mo-
ions to go through and perchance be
the cause of a stampede that would
tn the year 1911. Now as capital ls the
reward of abstinence—so our teachers
say—these wage slaves must be well
on the way to become millionaire capitalists.
Let us suppose that these wage
slaves are able to have the use of their
present jobs for a period of five years,
and we wlll see what they have   ab-
Sunday's rioting by the Vancouver
police should drive its lessons home
Into some thick heads. They are plain
enough this time.
Had the crowd been "gathered together in His Name," or for some such
liane reason, or want of It, everything
would have been lovely. They might
have shouted hell-fire and damnation
till their lungs split; they might have
1 rent the' air into wisps    with    brass
stained from by taking $600 a year shake the new and growing movement
for the trouble of producing $2,600.      ipossibly to pieces for a time?
With $2,000 the flrst year, a fifty-foot I W1*y ™eh "n affliction as this bunch
lot ln a good location could have beer. ot revolutionists at a convention of
purchased. The second year a good craft unions? Are the foremost and
all-modern flve-roomed cottage could beBt fltted t0 represent the various un-
have been built. The third year $2,000 lons a" Socialists?
could have been* spent in extra, furnish-1 Is the Socialist vote each election
ngs, buying all the little knicknacks, largely the vote of the best and most
labor-savers, etc., that go to make the Intelligent of the unionists? We can
•lomes-of the capitalists—comfort- Blve no other answer than, yes. It is
able. Half the fourth year's self-de- Perfectly evident. What does it por-
-lial money could be used for extra t<~nd when the terminology of the So*
lothes, warm fur coats, delightful furs, cla,lst becomes the common terms of
etc., that working-class wives love to the tradeB-unionists representatives?
have-the pleasure of looking at in Do such.terms as wage-slaves; labor-
store windows. The other half could power; capitalist system; commodity
be used for a nice trip visiting some of Pedlars; used by almost all at that
tbe beauty spots In British Columbia Convention, mean anything to the So-
nr Northern Ontario. With the sur- c'a"Bt movement? And here, let ub
plus value of the fifth year a nice little *«* ourselves of the Socialist Party of
automobile could be bought and a spin Canada if it would not bo well to take
could be. taken each summer night ,"**»<* and get out a rough balance
after the day's work was done. . Bneet of our preparedness to handle
You will easily be able, fellow slaves, tne situation and the position that the
to draw a mental picture of the nice- evolution of industry is forcing the
things you have abstained from by not worker into? He Ib rapidly finding out
taking that $10,000 In five years. Ypu ,that the industrial field and capitalist
will also know what your lot on $600 system hold no solution to his prob
a year means and whether by this ah-le***"-. He is ready to acknowledge that
stinence you have raised yourself to political action must be taken. Are
the position of capitalist. You know we ready t0 take the lead and show
full well that on $600 a year you they way? I am not usually called an
will have to save and save to make alarmist, but too much learning, too
ends meet; that your house will not omb philosophy, appear to have al-
be of the best; that your clothes wlll .most fitted us as a Party for the arm-
be second-rate shoddy, and that your ^hilr Instead of being ready to fill the
food will be poor; that after five such : function of a political machine for the
years instead of being a capitalist as revolutionary actions of th.e workers
the reward of abstinence you will be aro today realizing be Inevitable,
poor in health and poor in pocket; that "we cannot fill the bill of require-
all you will have really accomplished Is
five years nearer your grave!
(To Locals.)
i Charter    (with    necessary    sup-
I    plies to start Local) $5.00
[Membership  Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10 ' tlflc philosopher must be given notice
ments that economic evolution de
munds of us we must go down and out
and make room for an organization
that will.
It is useless to shut our eyes to the
fiicts dally placed before us, for the
times demand action and the hair-
splitter and the searcher after imagin-
dry traltorB must be given notice to
lit  forthwith;' also  the  ultra-scien-
Platform   and   application   blank
"per 100   25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto. In Ukranlan, per 100 60
iConstitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 60
i Stay hy his stove and not get In
tha way under penalty of being thrown
cj'it of the organization. Wake up S.
?. of C! There are storm clouds low-
jrlng and we are not ready!
W. W. L.
clallst Party of Canada, meets second
and fourth Monday. Secretary, B. T.
Klng-sley, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St.,
Vancouver, B. C. • ,
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets first and third Monday In month.
B.  T.  Klngsley,   Secretary.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada.
Meets every alternate Monday ln Labor
Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will We pleaded to
answer any communications regarding
the movement In the province. F".
DanV,   Secretary,   Bot   847,   Calgary,
.So. (il, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. ln Public Library ftoum. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Committee: Notice—This card is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, lit-! Furby St.,
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVXXCIAI. Executive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Sleets every first and third
Saturday ln the month, 8:00 p.m., at
headquarters. Main street, North Battleford. Secretary wlll answer any
communications regarding the movement ln this Province. L. Budden,
Secy., Box 101. North Battleford, Sask.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace aay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box
491, Olace Bay, N. S.
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Prlmerile, Secretary.
LOCAL    FEUNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,    SOLS
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., every Sunday evening at 7:30. Business meeting first Sunday ln each month, Miners' Hall at 2:30. W. L. Phillips, Secretary, Box 604.
-looax stoasivAMD no. as, a. p. .r c,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:10 p.m. E. Campbell. Secretary. P.O.
Box 474.« noun land Finnish Branch
meets ln Flnlandors' Hall, Sundays at
7:S0 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O
Box 64, Rossland.
looal vjjrcotnrB-a, b. c, aro. i, a.
P. of C. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 131
Water Street. P. Perry, Secretary, 618
Hornby St.	
tacxi.   COU11UH,   alta., 'so. ~T.
isint.iV Hull ami uperu Hou«e. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the first
aud third Sundays of the uumth. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda' meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman. Alta.;
Secretary, Jm. Glendennlng, Box S3,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W. Graham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A.
P. of C. Headquarters S2't First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:80 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, A. Farmilo, .22 First St.;
Organizer,  W.  Stephenson.
of C—Business meeting every Saturday evening at S o'clock at the headquarters. W9 Eighth Ave. East, between Third and Fourth streets.
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, eecond Friday, 8
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 104«.
ot C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Hussar Ave. Propaganda meeting', Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at I
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
S. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays ln the month, at 4 p.m., In
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 198S.
OP  O.—Propaganda    meetings   every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., ln the Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, I p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organiser,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
ot C., holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation Is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings ore held the firs'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:80 a.m. ln the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:80 p.m.
tn the Sandon Miners' Union Hall
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandnn. B. C.
LOCAL tTCTOXXA HO. 8, B. P. of O.—
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, over Colin
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
LOOAL TBaurON, B. C, XC. 38, B. T.
ot C. Meets every Tuesday, 8:00 p.m
sharp, at L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St
W. H. Gilmore, Secretary.	
LOOAL  ▼AXCO-OTBB,   X.    0.,   XO.    48,
Flanlsh. Meets every eecond ana
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 2237
Main Street.   Secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
8. P. OP C—Headquarters (28H Main
Street. Winnipeg, room 2. next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic class
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address,   270   Young   Street.     Propa-
f;anda meeting every Sunday evening
n Dreamland Theatre, Matn Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion Invited.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  XO.  8,  8. P. of C—
Business meetings the flrst Sunday ln
the month at 3 o'clock p.m. at headquarters. Secretary, Sam Horwlth.
Headquarters, 36 1-2 Kick-ail Street.
Phone 2*7. Address, 322 Gladstone
LOOAL  OLACE  BAT, XO.  1,  OP X.  8.
Business and propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdon-
ald's Hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office In D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. Building, Union
LOOAL    SIDNEY    BOXES    XO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia,—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
Ukrainian Socialist Federation of tha
8. P. of C, is organized for the purpose
of educating the Ukrainian proletariat
on the revolutionary class.
The Federation Is the autonsmoua part
of the S. P. of C. and affirms to the
program and tactics of the E*. P. of C.
The Urrnlnlan Socialist Federation
publish their own weekly organ—"Nova
Hromnda," (New Society) at Edmonton,"
Aita., 443 Klnlstlno Ave.
English comrades desiring to have Information re the Federation can write
to COM.  J.  SENUK,  Fin.  Sec,
or M. S. FERBY, Gen. Sec,
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the re-
< clutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of ths
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class.    The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of -profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in ths means qf wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under tha baansr
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering ths
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by.
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedilj as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall, always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of tho working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, tha
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
OF JANUARY 29. 191:
Present Mengel, Forrest, Karme,
Schagat and the Secretary. Forrest
In the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
(and approved.
Communications   from   Alberta   ex-
lecutive committee enclosing an application for charter, signed by 20 larmiers  of  Stettler,  Alta,   was  received.
The application  for   charter   having
been approved by the Alberta execu-
■ [tlve committee, it was granted.
The financial report was laid over
'until next meeting' in order to allow
I the secretary to get a new set of books
,of account and arrange  for a more
(complete separation of the funds of
the Provincial and Dominion committees and  the  Western  Clarion.
On account of the Illness of Com.
Jribble  his  article  on  simple  econ-
of us. About one-third of the camp
employed, and the majority of those
wish themselves back on the strike rations, as the conditions under which
they are working are fierce. It's making them set their thinking caps on,
and naturally they are following the
lines ot least resistance and clamoring
for Industrial unionism. The discussion on this question has been waxing
warm lately in our union meeting. This
speaks well for the advancement of
thought among the slaves of this camp.
Two years ago when 1 arrived here a
member dared not mention Socialism
ln union meetings. If he did he was
cried down, and I have known meetings to break up and disperse on a
comrade    starting to talk   Socialism.
make lt all right with you.'
tell anyone this.
A Chinese Socialist party has been
formed at Shanghai. The new yellow
i.erii is assuming a bright red.
* •   •
Three I. iV, W. men who were
charged with obstructing the police
vere thrown into jail for three months
for refusing to swear by the Bible.
They claimed to be materialists. This
is a new move by the city police.
* *   »
The Vancouver police are refusing to
arrest men for speaking on the s.reets.
They simyly resort to clubbing.
* *   *
Get a hustle on and circulate The
Clarion. We've got to get rid of this
damnable system.
The capitalist press Is very
busy these days warning the
people against impending danger of Socialism, and of late
some very interesting articles
have appeared under the above
heading. There is one sure
thing, and that is, wheti this
malady gets a good hold on one's
system there Is absolutely no
cure that can be administered
under the capitalist system of
Our masters, few In number,
own and control all natural resources such as timber, coal, oil,
etc., also the machinery which is
necessary In the transforming of
these resources into the necessities of life and, wishing to-keep
the prices of these commodities
up to as high a level as possible,
they take good care not to let us
We  cannot  express    the  outrages
committed by the police in V&ncouver
Last night an interesting debate, took. thlg weeji| but „ you voted one of the
place in Mute's hall on political versus | old party ticketB and got a crack wlth resources
industrial   action.    Comrade  T.    W ; a club you certainly got wnat y0H vo., machmery to fuI1 cap.
Brown stood for political action and  ted tor ' J
Comrade H. Elmer for industrial ac- •'  •■   » „ . .
.,        . „ .   .   ,,    ..     '    ,  . y.   I of   so  much  unemployment  in
tion.   A small, but attentive, and, I be-       Over nlnetv ner cent of the nennle ' ..u , . ,.        a
••„,,„ ir.io.^i*A -,„„„-, „- .i.„„ „■ I u e ninety Per cent ot the people , ttlese days of prosperity and now
lieve, interested, bunch of slaves at-, who engage ,n business -all and lose that tbere ls plenty of labor now-
tended.   As chairman of the meeting :,tneIr a„     Is tnat ft good argllraent | er on ^ ^^ Qur masterB
vmlcs does not appear ln this issue,-] 1 could not help but see that the ma-j £r"pe~etu ~mg the"capltalist"systemJ
ut he hopes to be well enough to get jority present were in favor of indus- • ^^^^^mmsmmm—s
ne in the next issue. I trial action.   Although this is not what |
————————————^^mm——^—^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_^^^^__      Junction, Colo., says:  "The city can
JLBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE BhowB an awakening and a new line of j afford to keep the criminal warm, feed
thought on the part of the workers
Regular meeting of Provincial Ex- j around here, and no doubt with a few
him, and supply him -with a bed. It ls
going to be my aim to catch tbat fel-
(putlve Committee. I more twists of the screws by the capi- j iow before he becomes a criminal and
; Present Comrades Mr. and Mrs. An- taliBt class and some vigorous propa- give him a chance ta least to   keep
Wson, Tipping, Creer,    Muskat   and Iganda on our part they'll soon swing away from the bread line and jail by
Correspondence read and dealt with
I'roni Locals Bellevue, Markeville, Med-
ll'ine Hat, Waskasoo, Linda, Eagle Hill,
l If Budden and Western Clarion.
into line. | earning enough money to keep  him
You'll flnd enclosed money and pos<-, supplied with the necessaries of life."
tal orders to the amount of $3.25 for | 	
three new yearly subscriptions and one
quarterly.    The names and addresses
The question of an Organizer was ' are on a separate slip.
Jlscussed, It was decided to notify Alf.     Wishing you all kinds of success in
[lUdden to be ready tb take the field your duties, believe me to be,
World-Wide Capital
and "Arrogant" Labor
Ijhe flrat of February.
penses  $10.00
algary Local, due stamps $5.00
j'edlclne Hat, due stamps  2.00
lipllevue, due stamps  3.00
tVaskasoo, Organizing Fund  5.00
M. O'Brien,    organizing    ex-
Going up? Yes, sir, still going up,
'•ut we want to send It faBter. AU ot
[ 'ou give this special riot edition to
Yours in the Scrap,
Secretary Local No. 16.
Continued from page one
fifths a foreign market is necessary.
As soon as a country Is opened up as
a market for surplus goods the capitalist discovers  here resources to be
 exploited profitably.   Very shortly the
one-time market becomes also a huge
It is all very well for the capitalist producer ot surpluBeB and other coun-
press in Vancouver to say "That the.trle8 mugt be openfid up AU th(J
unemployed who took part In the de- tlme DecaUBe of the rapld improve.
monstratlons last week are mostly ment m metnod8 of production the
transient and only stay in one place gurpIuB of each country grows n.
long enough to get known." But the j naUy tfce ,agt ^^ gtronghold of
fact remains that there are hundreds heathendom, the East, ls opened up,
of men among them who have not had and we are now prly-leged to wltneas
the opportunity to work ln order to fte last great act ,n tne drama of cap_
buy the necessaries of life. If a num- ltallam.g rigep g,efitMC growth ana de-
ber of transients have come In, how clme Por when tne far ^ ,g fln&,
about those who have gone out? Sure- ,y developed-«.-l*it wlll be so within
Somebody else, and then get him to -y ■- those who have come into Van- a decade Qr two_what then?   Then
mfaea.be, Jcouver recently had stayed away, and        wm  flave  ^  gpectacIe  o(  the
. Here are a bunch of the old guard, those who have left recently had stay- worI4piIed so nlgh wlth war^g that a
ealn Vancouver, the result would Wket „,, be found fQr them p^
have been the same. If you stay ductl(m mugt then ceage f(jr ft ,s car
around town you get hauled up as a ^ on on,y wh„e a proflt ,g rea]ized
vagrant, and It you move from place and ga,d profJt can 0Qly be rea]lzed
to place you are a hobo.   The truth ls by the marketing of the output Then
!ind a few new hustlers:
V. J. Warren, Cardston, Alta  6
•|V. Atkinson, Victoria, B. C  5
A Bonar, Moose Jaw, Sask  4
h C. Turner, Fernle, B. C  4
A. S. Julian, Michel, B. C  4
JL G. McPullum, Ottawa, Ont...'... i
|J\Vm. McQuord, Edmondton, Alta.. 3
that  the  present  system   drives  the
workers from town to town, and from
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_    country   to   country  to   peddle   their
f. Mclnnls, Fort George, B. C     3' labor-power in order to eke out an ex-
^. G^DeRousie, Victoria RC     2 lstence.   It Is the same old dodge of CYo^" wheTThaT toe comes.    We
,V. H. Bryce, Demolne, Sask     2 the  capitalist press trying tor diver t'      aJM SocMiBts ^      we
I. Harrington, city    /the workers   attention from the real i
have a splendid opportunity of
speeding us up, using as a stimulative the fact that there are
lots of other men who would be
only too glad to get our jobs.
For about three months in the
year a whole army of men are
required on the prairies and other agricultural districts in order
to handle the immense amount
of products which are being
raised with the aid of'scientific
machinery. When this work of
harvesting and cleaning up ls
over we are no longer of use to
our masters, and the consequence is that just after that period of activity the large cities
are crowded with men looking
for jobs who have mostly been
lured to this prosperous farming
country by the pamphelts Is-
Bued through various sources to
the people of other countries.
The rotten system of capitalist production under which we
are existing ls quite apparent,
especially   when   we   are   told
FREE to every
Every socialist in the world should get FREE
this thrilling story of the "Ball and Tyler Rebellion"'
—an uprising of the people against the nobles and
church in mediaeval England. Not one in a million has
ever seen this rare document which is merely one of
thousands of wonderful' 'original documents'' in the
Library of Original Sources
which ALL socialists can get on an easy, co-operative
plan. This marvelous library is an eye-opener—it gives
the TRUTH that for ages capitalist influence has Kept
from the people to keep tbem under subjection. Here yon.
see the gradual rise of the people thru 7,000 years, from
slavery, serfdom, feudalism on to capitalism, all of w'lich
shows you as plainly as a cross-roads guide board how the
Socialist Republic is developing out of the present system.
Shows How the Socialist Republic is Coming
Gives—for the first time—the real facts behind the ordinary
surface events which you read of in histories — the rock-bottom facts
red-hot from those daring men in all ages who had the courage to tell the
TRUTH even though they lost their lives for it —and you know how
many of them did.   This daring work is ^Lr^^^^^^^m
Published Expressly for Socialists
and other progressive people who do theirown thinking. AU socialist
f writers, editors and organizers use it and urge every Comrade to get it at
once. Socialists in the United States and Canada are using more of this
work than of all others combined.   No.other work gives more than
5% of this red-hot stuff.
The Socialist Victories
in Milwaukee, Schenectady, Berkeley, Pasadena and
other cities were won because the comrades there have been
studying all sides of economics and government —or to
put It in plain words—Socialism. * Then when the election fights were on they were able to show tbe rest of
the people just what Social-am is and the reason for
it. Men will vote right, you know, when they know
what right Is They have not been satisfied with
the government of g- *?ed, privilege and plunder—they have been merely kept in the dark,
but now when the comiv.des open their
eyes, they VOTE RIGHT.
Are You Prepared
To Do Your Part?
The old capitalist papers and
politician**- nre beginning to tnkn notice
—they are gettingBoared. tho hardest
licks must be struck NOW. Arevoupre-
Saredtohelp? Merger, Spin-go.Warren,
I mona. London, Way Innii, Gay lord, Untermann. Irvine, Lewis —ALL leadens
say the best preparation yon can make Is
to read the Library of Original Source*
--"greatest work extantforsoclalirt*."
If you want to help — and wo
—jo yon do—send today for the wonderful "Ball and Tyler" story ard find
ont how you can get a whole library of
the same kind on the easiest oo-opora-
tlve plan ia the world. BUT only the
introductory edition will be distributed
on this plan, so write today or yon may
be too late, aa the large edition Is going
like hot oakes.
millions of wage slaves wlll be out of
a job.   What will we do?
There is quite a bunch of us who
are agreed upon the proper thing to
|*. E. McKay, Merrltt, B. C
2,causes of the evils in present day so
li. Smart- Winnipeg     2
Ita. C. Landry, Winnipeg     2
IW. H. Stebbinga, Winnipeg     2
Singles—J.' Sidaway, city;  W. Sey-
J)rs, Strathcona;    W. C. Hardonburg, I open for the next two or three months
fled Deer; B. Simons, Regina; G. West-jm  the  large  industrial  cepters,  and
]as soon as we get crowd enough, to
step in and take the earth and every-
clety.    Comrade   Maedonald    pointed WgVco'ntails That"c*'n be" of'use
out man article of December ^Ui-ue^ ug and use these thmgg  ^ ^
that  thoBe  ear-marks of present-day
good of society. When the break down
civilization, Soup Kitchens, wouldI be jof 7apTtaHsm"comes,lnd come"'it mus"t
very shortly, we workers will flnd It
necessary to take tho Industrial plants
in. Wheat City, Alta.;    E. Hesketh,'i!0W far wrong was he? .    ■,    ,    „ it.
frail; F. Teeple, Brandon; T. Hlgglns,|    It must be quite plain to anyone who^ */ ?"C7( ***"***■
1         .   ,,  .   '               ,               ..   , lit will be either that or starvation
is studied the economic causes thatland whQ wm h   .
".ty, New York; A .Nask, Montreal; J. what is happening to the workers now i    n, ■    . „„  .         „   * . ,
.Cllgour, city; J. Schagat, city; D. M. „ only a traction 0f what Is In store I    ^"Lvl  n „   ll    ,'   f        «
'*     "-f ■  , .7. , „     I We  have  possessed  the  brains  and
for them in the near future and they1. „„,„ „„„ ,
'    *•• .       * .brawn necessary to carry on produc-
are mostly getting what they vote for. L,      ,     ..
, , ... ton for the benefit of masters who
..Bonar, Moose daw, Sask     l.^.T^'SJ^^^ISS 2*5 """t   xTT? 1^
i. Straggler, Rosthern, Sask    22'peot to get anything better a*, they ^™\™£ ^otTeanh.
[Joutts, city.
jf,i. C. Berling, Mound, Alta
length and therefore It Is not my in- sembly were not ln love with those-
that'tenti0n to go Into detail today; so my who peddle labor power around tbat
are unemployed In this city just now 'remnrks   will   be  short  and   to   the mines, as was proven ln former sot-
are unempoled ln this city Just now point. slons when you slaughtered my biHf to-
many more will flow in from varloub |   »The socialist movement that elect- amend' the   Mines  Act"    Buying  Ik
places.   Of course this little city can- ed me to this assembly ls based on merely exchanging commodities.   Th**-
not solve the unemployed question for the class struggle.   Karl Marx says, capitalist class owns all the most (-stair other countries, but nevertheless -The wealth of modern society pre- sentlal means dt life.   Those who a*****-^
If these demonstrations do no other ^BentB itself in a vast accumulation of not capitalists have to sell the on!*
good they will, be an object lesson to commodities."  We  Socialists   realize thing  they  have,  that ls,  their Ufe--
those woh are taking an Interest In that we are living under this commod- force known as the commodity, labor; -
the Socialist movement.                        I ity system, so apart from our Socialist power.    The   price  is  called   wages:-
As stated in^last week's issue of propaganda we must take part in the Almost every law on the statute booksK
The Clarion, Germany Is rapidly get- struggle in relation to the exchange of deals with the struggle between buy-
ting wise to the game which has been commodities, which is not the class ers and sellers. In selling commodity;
played with them for so long, and in struggle. Therefore this ls not a So- the shorter the Intervals Tie-
spite of all the cries which go up oiallst Bill, neither is It introduced tween the time one is paf-.
through some of the papers to "Save to bring political prestige to #the So- the greater the advantage in the;
the Fatherland" there is nothing that ciallst movement; in fact the S. P. market. This Bill asks that those
can stop the cork from being blown 0f C. does not want such political who have to sell the commodity labatr
but of the bottle now. We take no no- prestige. _ power be paid at intervals not exceeel-
tice of such terms as "Red Peril," "Our "The Trades Congress, a conoiodlt' ing fourteen days. I regret that I
Fatherland" and "Our Empire,", and organization, had a delegation wait on cannot make it apply to all who sell
seeing one after another come up as the first Minister of this Government labor power. There are a nuinbei-
headliners to our papers we are in- asking for certain laws that would as such as farmers and house wives who
clined to think that men are being sist them In their struggle in the ex- get their wages in an indirect man-
paid to invent them just the same as   change  of   their   commodity   (labor *ner."
the cartoonist Is paid ij> illustrate va- power) for other commodities. One of There was not a voice heard In snp^
rioUB current topics. the laws they ask for was that wages port of this bill from any of the other
The very best way for a person to be paid at Intervals of not more than members of the house.
Start ln and find out what Socialism one week. The government did not | The Bill received its second readfngc
really is is to take The Western Clari- promise anything. Now some persons and wbb committed to the committee-.-
on, get some of the pamphlets.which knowing that the Socialist Party of of the whole house. We are anxiously
are issued at five aud ten cents each Canada do not seek political prestige watching those who have stated again-
by the Socialist Party of Canada, and from the effort of its members in the In the Edmonton district and elsewhere
together with these and many propa- struggle over the exchange of com In the province which aide they win
ganda meetings they may be able to modifies tried to use The Trades Con "he up on, or will they leave tt to the-
attend It will not take long to get in- gress men to influence me to change same fate as they left It to last yearv
terested and give us a hand ln spread- this bill so lt would only apply to mln-'allow It one solitary supporter,
ing the "Red Peril." F. L.     ers.    But the Trades  Congress  men' Yours In revolt-,
knew  that the members in  this as-. A.  FARINI.O.
No man or woman can lay  claim
Subscription  Cards—David    Paton,'are getting now.   It makes no differ-1"'"""' ""*. ""JT"'™.:**"-*",,tt\ ""L™, I    iN0 man 0r WOman ca" iay  ''""ul
.,.„.„  ,,  r   91  three months. 12 sixL„„„ ™ww tw »r<. In r.rcnt ■Rrit,lCa.n W.6 n0t theD ?° a "ftle t0r 0Ur"! to intelligence on the affairs of today
7ernie, B. C, 21 three months, J 2 six
months, 8 yearly; W. H. Bryce, De-
inalne, Sask., 5 yearlles; J. Mclnnls,
South Ft. George, 5 quarterlies, 3 half-
yearlies, 3 yearlles.
f Edmonton comes forward again,
]l Moose  Jaw   goes   ahead,   Winnipeg
ence whether they are in Great Brit-!6e]veB? Y(jt we who do a]] the u6erul
ain where they can have their labor- \ ^ been content ^ ag
power insured, or ln the boosted L s,aves The wflge wfl receive_
single tax Vancouver, all they get Is L.helner ,t be ,u>0 or $1000 per day>
food, clothing, and shelter, and some-!,s but the pr,ce Qf B]avery    An|, we
times a few trimmings.
Fellow workers, the Clarion Call ls l
are slaves because the capitalist class
owns our means of life, the tools we
who has not read at least one book
on   Socialism  written  by a  Socialist.
Intelligent conversation demands It
•   *   »
The boy that was outraged by a "Vancouver Salvation Army captain a week
.Starts to make an effort to get ahead, determined to arouse you out of. your „Be |n       duc,      the th,       we « two since lies in the stinking lousy
Jbut you've all got to go a long way|hypnotic sleep. -, Arouse   ye   slaves, lmugt haye tQ „ve    In order tQ '■■*» <■-*■■ ■"* ""l""> ■**"■ vini«i-n-..
to get to Victoria, which ls striving to grouse!    A whole world awaits you. ia?oeg8 tQ tn(jBe ^ we must ^ our
[get    flrst place.    ThlB is  how they u only needs you to take it.    You
Btand: [are big enough and nnumerous enough
selves into slavery.   The cure is obvi-
IvTT™,,.,   n   n -rT-.TTr" ■""--^-—iOaB.   Let us take the tools of produc-
LVancouver, B. C  l'to abolish the wages system forever. I..     #       .,.._ ,
tin *   i     r,  n i-fl..       ^ * i,\. . .   j i«on from their present useless owners
^Victoria, B. C  2 This rotten system which forces trad- „„,, „„„,, „   _    .   . ,
, . _   ... ,1 ,    . .    *       . i   . i    and produce goods for ourselves. Then
dmonton, A1U 3 eB unionists to scab on non-unionists, I „. .,   •_ „   .  „       .       .„
i„     .      „, . , ■  . - ,our slavery and poverty wlll cease
IiBrandon, Man  4 which forces men and .women to be-' v       '     "
[, Calgary, Alta  5 j come  the meanest wretches Imagin
I Winnipeg, Man  6
I Toronto, Ont  7
| Moose Jaw, Sask  8
{Montreal, Que  9
|Silverton, B. C  10
RNelson, B. C  11
\ottawa, Ont ,  12
UN. Battleford, Sask.  13
IS. Fort George, B. C  14
SFernle, B. C  15
Reglna,  Sask  16
', Cumberland, B. C  17
SLadysmith, B. C  18
."Brantford, Ont  19
ii Britannia Mines, B. C  20
Send ln for the subscription list.
"Workers of the World, Unite!"
J. S.
(By Watts)
Don't call a patrolman who Ib riding
down citizens on the sidewalk a Cossack, or you'll get run ln.
•   »   •
Russians ln this city claim they nev-
cr saw such atrocities in Russia as
they have seen here in Vancouver.
.   .   .
Vancouver's unemployed procession
will be Bhown all over the world on
moving picture films.
for we will be able to enjoy our full
product instead of as today existing
on a small portion of what we produce.
It is the powers of government that
hold us down and compel us to respect the property of our masters.
Hence we must first capture the pow
jail surrounded by crime and violence.
A Christian country? Bah!
• ■». »
So long as the masses vote the
Bame tickets as the bankers, manufacturers and monopilists they will be
hewers of wood and drawers of water
for others. A man who don't know
what his ballot is for ls only fit for a
There was a little spirit interspersed
into tbe dull proceedings that is at-
ers of government.   We workers are tendant at all  law-making factories,
mighty at the polls If we but vote to- when after some weeks of laying over
gether for candidates from our own of the now famous  Fortnightly  Pay
class.    We have the power to over- [sill, introduced by C. M. O'Brien.
come their parliaments with our com- j   There was a look of expectation up-
rades and "quickly put an end to cap-Ion the faces of the members.    They
Italism if we will but use that power, .likely thought that O'Brien had some
When Industry is transplanted to Chi- thing unexpected to spring on them;
na and the process Is even now going again  the  modern  Solons  were  sur-
on, we will be compelled to kick and prised.   For O'Brien gave a short but
to take.hold of the country and pro-[explanatory  speech  showing the dlf-
duce a living for ourselves.   John Chi- ference between the struggle over the
naman will soon find himself In the price of commodities and the struggle
An old man after being knocked un-|same position.   Then we will have a the Socialists are waging.   His speech
conscious by a policeman's club went world in revolt against slavery. Speed is In short as follows:
to complain to the mayor.    Flndlay ^e (Jay! |   "Mr. Speaker:  Introducing the Bill
Let lis Purchase Land for You at
$5 Monthly Will Give You
Snug  Income  Every Year
A Co-operative Partnership
The Western Farming <Sb
Colonization Co.* Ltd.
Office 5 Winch Bldg. Vancouver, B. C.
Michel, B. C, Jan. '
I Editor Western Clarion.
Comrade Slave—Just a few lines to
' let you know that we are still in ex-
! lstence here in Michel, and that Is
about as much as can be said for any' saldi ..Don.t 8ay anything aw-  we.--|.      '
—FILLMORE,    'at  former sessions I spoke a,t some
Dear Sirs:
* Please send, free of cost lo mc, information re above land.
City or TTown	 ••PAGE FOUR
The   Merrber  fer   Newcastle's   Candid   Criticism
Land Settlement. creased 52 per cent, which was not
This question seemed to irritate keeping pace with the increase of pop-
McBride. He would admit that the ulation or other expenses of govern-
Premier looked like a statesman, tut ment.
would try to find out if he acted like j As to the present Bchool system, he
one, and consideration of this question could cite his own experience. Some
j would decide it. years ago he had to leave Nanaimo
I At present there are under con- and live In a rural centre. . His eldest
struction in the province the C. N. R, boy had been anxious to enter a high-
Nlcola Valley R. R., Kettle River Val- er school and had been studying tor
upporter of the Govern- -ey R. r., the G T. P-i and the crow's that purpose, and after attending the
Nest R. R. Where were the pre-emp- rural schools, was now, at IB years
tors In B. C. in the face of all this de- of age, farther away from the High
velopment? Where was the land avail school than ever, mainly as the effect
Maps looked good, but of many changes of teachers.   It was
;   ***On Wednesday  the  17th  Inst.  Par- one  not  a
faier Williams, In a speech that'Inste-J ment, In or out of the House, especial
nearly two hours, analysed the claims ly on such a matter.
ait  ihe   McBride   government  and   Its ' As to the Victoria Colonist.
S*rebs organs  to  thu  title that heads (    Before going further he wished  to able for them?
tehls article. Although suffering from lmy his respects to the Victoria Col- as a matter of fact, where was land possible for a boy of a certain type
sm'attack of the grip, his delivery was 0nist for the suggestive way ln which open within reach of transportation? to work his way through to the High
Brut little affected, and the vein of various remarks of tho Premier have Wherever the pre-emptor looked the school, but the system had to provide
isarcastic humor running through his ueen edited up to the present time, speculator was holding everything be- for the normal type and not the ab-
a-peech evoked frequent laughter and which editing would probably be con-: ore hlm. Only a few pre-emptors are normal. That instance was trne in
.-applause, tlnued.    He had no criticism to offer financially able to go ahead Into the' thousands  of  cases.    The  University
Opening his remarks with a refer- aB to the way In which the press gal- bush and wait for transportation. The]was the apex and the Primary school
«anee to the annual nature of the de- jery performed Its duty, but in the re- vast majority have to go In behind the foundation, and the contribution
aate in reply to the Speech from th-> ports of the Colonist all IndiBcreqt re- and find it all gobbled up by the spec- to the upkeep of the latter .has been
"iThrone, he said that he alwayB availed marks are carefully eliminated, and ulator. That condition obtained along comparatively diminished, and the
•Jhlmself of the opportunity, and found the "hand picking" process was work- the line of all these railroads. All' MtnisterB were travelling through the
Htlmself more anxious, as time went P(j to the limit. The revenue of the kinds of men would go on a quarter Province shouting about their system
cm, to more and more indulge in critl- j Colonial was to a very large extent de- section,  but  all  ls  ln  the  hands  of of education.
«3sm of the government and its meth-  rived   from   government   advertising, bands of speculators.   They cannot be J    Does  statesmanship manifest itself
>sias.   As far as the Speech from the | and its service extend to the Conser- compelled to sell, and no one knows in expensive Universities and impov-
* Throne was concerned, it would be a vatie papers all oer the province. The If it Ib to be settled ln two years or'erishment of Primary schools?
"Has* of  time  to  analyze the  matter [ Colonist laid- claim to every sanctlmo- twenty. | The Coronation.
-titereln  from   a   Socialist  standpoint, nlous Ideas of the ethics  of British I   That was the situation as lt stood,     T-je premier had made reference to
Sor his position in the House and the journalism and was never tired of ex- and McBride was proud of settling the the visit of himself and the Attorney
■principles  tor  which   he  stood  were pressing them in as many words as land!    The great-bulk of the popula- General to London.    If they had not
i Bbt.An .conformity  with the interests possible.   Yet its actions were of the tion   was   on   the   Fraser  peninsula. 'been   in   very  good   company   (their
■• '«-»*"nIeh-were represented in such pre- worst type of leechery and graft. What meaning McBride could attach | wives)  he  (the, speaker)  might have
- dominance.   Time would bring about j   $5,447 had been placed in the un- to his claim for credit for his land 'nad something to say about that. Mc-
• .taia-Qges  ln   the   composition  of  the scrupulous maw of this paper for ad- policy was hard to understand.   If the Bride had stated that the "Imperial-
,:House, and then he would be able to Vertlslng sundry government notices, land  was  available    100,000   settlers istlc Bentlment" (whatever that might
«ao so with effect.   All he could now That did not Include all, for the paper could he planted In the province as De) waB enhanced hy their presence.
t3o was to  criticise  from  the  stand- 'occurred very frequently in the public soon aB they could be told of it.   The!gucn men wouid see spooks in broad
aroint  of   the   present   condition   of | accounts   in   connection   with   other Bhortage was in land, not men. daylight.  (Laughter.)
■ tOslntt. ■ matters.   Year before last it had re-1 Land  Salsa. I Mine  inspection.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^    matters.   Year before last lt had re-
"In iview  of  the  paucity  of matter ceived about the same amount from
Bland  Sales.	
In 1902-3, when McBride came into |
Referring to the appointment of Mr.
contained in the Address he would the public treasury. It might be ne-'office, $64,000 was received for land Thomas Graham as Chief Inspector,
•congratulate the mover and seconder cessary to point out that Victoria had sales. In the last financial year that tne speaker Bald that the one thing
ml'.the address-in-reply (Watson, Van., another paper, the Times, a Liberal sum had risen to $2,431,000, an in-|tne government seemed tb have lost
sind Lucas, Yale), on the noble efforts organ, which received the sum of crease of 3000 per cent. In view of!Bight of was the mine inspection bus-
Jrthey had made to "make bricks with- $26.40. (Laughter.) As far as he was the recent census they had certain ]inesB, He had always insisted that
«DUt straw," (laughter), and could feel concerned there was nothing to proof that the increase was not due to'the mine Inspection, which originated
sympathy   for   them.     The   opening choose  between  the two  papers,  but settlement.   The policy of' peddling off' -n  the  old  country,  was  due to  the
•clauses of the speech were mere taf- the Colonist, a government organ, re- land to speculators as fast as tbey
ISj." Others stated that sundry reports ,ceived $5447, and they could at onco'coulld had been proved. Take The
vsrould be submitted that the govern- see that there was some other motive 'Week, with Ub British theories and
anient was compelled to submit—as if in the policy of that paper than to its Saskatchewan Indian morals, de-
-£bey were epected to give the gov- merely reach the people. It might be fending the proceBB of interesting
-eminent  credit  for  not  omitting   to to  give  the  keynote to   publications large capital ln the land, which the
• "Comply with the requirements of the throughout the province.
'government  could  not  settle  Up.    If
House! What the railroad policy was | In 1910 the Colonist endeavored to they could not do it, it was time they
-to he no one knew, but the mover of build up an evening paper In Victoria, 'were swept out and the whole prov-
:*he Address (Watson) was prepared He found ln the public account for ince handed over to the speculators.
\to endorse it (laughter). McBride, at those brief months that the firm drew I in "The Week," a personal organ of
■"Che last Conservative convention had $8,942. That was the amount Mc- the Premier's, ln an Issue of March,
given more information as to what Bride took out of the public treasury* |i9ll, appeared an account of "a brave
-Jhat policy was to be than waB con- and handed over to his party papers, little band of pioneers" who had gone
-Jalned in the Speech from the Throne, He (the speaker) had read the Con- 'out and claimed 602,000 acres. (Laugh-
Uljol then that convention was attend- ■ servatlve speeches at Ottawa con- ter.) In the Book of Judges tbey
«fl hy a lot of political job-hunters demning the spoils system, and had ' Would find an account of 12 spies sent
■whose support he needed to retain, been unable to find evidence of a rot- -nto other people's land, and their re-
~   '■■'•     The second member for tener spoils-/system than they had in p0rt was much akin to that one.
"Vancouver   (Watson)     had  eulogised
"JJcBrlde as a political Moses who had
rescued the province from a financial
Kgypt, and it was,amusing to watch
McBride's face on these occasions. It
■eemed  to indicate  a  consciousness
thai there was nothing for which he
«ould not claim credit.    The govern-
-ment  would  have  had  to  use  an
-amount  of  skill   that  they  had  not
--Manifested if they had wished to pre-
-°went the conditions  now  prevailing.
"The appreciation that the resources
of land, timber and minerals were not
Inexhaustible was the reason for the
"-■prevailing activity.   Just at the tlmej
-art-en  this   Moses  appeared  to   save
the province  from  financial   bank-
**n*ptcy that was realised not only ln
,IJ. C, but in every state ln America,
-jas& yet his supporters could stand up
-sad  say  it  was  something  McBride
wan responsible for!   (Laughter). The
conditions   prevailing   ln  'B.   C.   prevailed from Maine to California and
"JJew Brunswick to Vancouver Island,
yet such conditions reflected in B. C.
-were all credited to McBride, and he
took it without a smile!   (Laughter).
H It were tmp. a political Moses had
"bobbed   up   lu   ever;,   State   in   the
Taxation and Commissions.
The report of tbe commission on
■taxation was said to prove the solid
«nde of the government for the wel-
of the people. While the subject
of little concern to the working
of the province, he would deal
with it from the government's standpoint and not that of the workerB.
Ur. Watson had said that he hoped
wbe commission would not recommend
.» remission of direct taxation. The
Victoria Colonist had carefully eliminated that portion of his speech. The
xovernment was particularly fond of
appointing commissions, and the personnel of this one was suggestive. In
England these commissions were
formed of Opposition as well as Government supporters, but ln B. C. they
gave all these jobs to the Government's followers. Commission after
•commission is appointed to enquire
Into everything. The Government
■promises to do something for the tinker holders, a commission is appointed* and recommends that the Government do lt. "(Laughter.) Only one com
■jteslon had been appointed In nine
-year* in which be took an interest.
That was to interview coal miners
and nine owners aB to the working of
tbe Coal Miners' Regulation Act, and
he (the speaker) representing a coal
■Dining district and a practical miner,
could not get on that. It was not consistent with the "spoils system" to
-Recommend  the appointment of any-
B.C. How was it that that amount of: Sp0ke of the wonderful valley 200
advertising ceased at the time of that miles long and 10 miles wide as a
paper going out of business? He 'great discovery, but photos of it had
would draw no line between the mor-'been in the department 10 years beats of the government and a paper |fore they went up! (Laughter.) Later
which would accept patronage of that |on other "adventurous spirits" went
The speaker then proceeded to reject the accusation made by the mover of the Address (Watson), that some '
men were guilty of starting bush Ores
ln order to earn the high wages paid
for putting them out, characterizing
it as a slander and ridiculous in view
of the nature of the work. The administration of the Bush Fire Act was
criticised as working a hardship on
the farmer, and the Act Itself as no
good. If the enforcement was In the
hands of men who knew something
about the business and not men who
out, and 90,000 acres were taken up,
he believed, by 'Norton Griffins, a
member of the English House of Commons. Today no lees than 500,000
acres had been taken up in that district, and McBride must take the responsibility for it. This unscrupulous
steal was endorsed by his own personal organ. •
T. P. O'Connor had said that he had
inherited his qualities equally from
Catholic and Orange forefathers. He
(the speaker) would like to know from
what side of his house McBride had
great loss of life among the miners,
and for their protection. The B. C.
Government took the position that the
Inspector was to. look after the mine
owner. It might have been expected
that the Department would find out
from bim (the speaker) or from the
miners of his district what their ideas
were, but that was not done. The only
intimation he received of the appointment was through the press, and he
had immediately protested against it.
He felt tempted to frame the reply he
received, together with another, seven
years old, when the Premier had a notion that he (Williams) had a right to
a say-so In these appointments. On
I this last occasion the note he received
was so brief that he could use it as
a model when he wanted to tell other
people to mind their own business.
(Laughter.)       >
When Mr. Stockett was a new manager ln the Nanaimo collieries, this
appointee was his little man Friday,
and did not then possess a certificate
as a coal mine manager. He was appointed superintendent by Stockett,
and later on got a manager's certificate. If a man had been a friend to
him (the speaker) he would conceive
of himself being placed in a position
where he would have to either do as
his friend wished him to do, or injure
him. Graham was not the man to appoint as Chief Inspector ot B. C. coal
mines. There was another Stockett
In the Crow's Nest mining district,
and another Graham ln the Nicola
mining district. There were the elements of obligation and blood relationship conflicting with duty. At any
rate, he was there, and the speaker
hoped that he would prove to be a dlf-
Removed to 518 Hornby Street
from 824 Pel der Vancouver
Tfudk MArms'
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^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ got his love of landlordism? He was
tuned their actions to the government jthe one gentleman who had planted
machine, and the Impossible rules cut its poisonous seeds In B. C, and he
out,    something    would    be    accom- 'would be remembered by that. What-
plished. 'ever else the Irish might do or be,     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Wages, they hated landlords, yet le remained' ferent man than he took him to be. A
The Labor Gazette stated that the for. one of that race to plant tho seeds man for that position Bhould be Be-
cost  of living had  Increased  37   per of landlordism In B. C. cured with as  few ties with owners
cent, in the Jast 10 years, chiefly ln I The Premier had said that he had !anQ managers as possible. There were
the articles of working class con-1 hown no favors to any, and that more lany number of that kind, qualified for
sumption.   That was, roughly, the pe- land had been taken up by Liberals i^ position.
rlod in which the McBride adminlstra- and Socialists than by Conservatives, j sight years ago the House had
tlon had blest the province.   How had If any one Intended to stake land, he passed the Eight Hours Act for coal
Ing the last ten years, and It was time Vancouver Island—25 cents per m
for the government to justify their po- and $5.25 per week, with bunk-hoi
sition by pointing to results. Their 'accommodation."
range of vision was neVer farther than
what was required to keep their party
machine in good running order.
On Thursday, Jan. 18, Jardine (Es-
qulmault) resumed the debate, and
after endeavoring to outdo all previous
speakers in admiration of McBride's \
administration, gravely reproved the
member for Newcastle for the harsh
and disrespectful manner of his criticism of the Premier and his policy.
Referring to the question of wages being paid on the C. N. R. construction
work, he said he had visited camps in
his constituency and ascertained that
the lowest wage paid was $2.50 per
day, and not $2.25, as asserted by the
previous speaker. In answer to questions from the latter he said that he pany for advertising during each y
believed that nine hours constituted a from July 1st, 1910, to March 3i
day, and the men  were getting paid, 1911 ?   $23,476.
Mr. Williams asked the Hon. tl
Minister of Finance the followlj
questions: —
1. What was the total coat of
Hon. the Premier's visit to the Cor
at ion?
2. What was the total cost ot
Hon. the Attorney General's visit
the Coronation?
The Hon. the  Minister of Fina
replied as follows:
"1.   $11,000.
"2.    $3,500."
Mr.  Williams asked   the   Hon
Minister  of  Finance    the   follow!
1.   What  sum  has   been   paid
Colonist Printing and Publishing C>
miners, and he had done his best to
put that through, ln spite of the expressed wish of the Nanalmo mine
owners that he should not do so. When
wageB fared ln comparison? 15 years had to advertise ln some newspaper,
ago he (the speaker) had worked on 'arid he would naturally go to one of
railroads for $2.50 a day.   Today the his political faith.    Then how could
C. N. R. was paying $2.25.   Coal mln- they account for the fact that three ,    ,.
ers' wages had Increased 10 per cent, out of every four applications are ad-'ne went back home Stockett promptly
ln the last 10 years. On the public vertlsed in Conservative papers? Did an<l emphatically placed him "on the
works ln the Newcastle district they Liberals and Socialists from whom the {road" for his activity ln connection
had to Btrike to get a 10 per cent. In- majority of applications were said tow-th that Bill, and the Intimation was
crease. In view of these facts the or-'come, do lt, if they could help It? It r0nvcyed to htm through Graham, and
dinary laborer on the south end of'was too thin. If McBride was right, this latter gentleman was now ap-
Vancouver Island was worse off now that their applications were In the pointed Chief Inspector of coal mines
than 10 years ago, when McBride came | majority, what could be their motive |n b. C.
into power. In doing so, but the belief that theyl   The  necessity  of the  government
"No Man Can Be as Wise as McBride'would  be  more   successful,   In  other |PaBBlng an Auditing Act    was    then
l_ooka,i jwords, receive more favor from the dwelt upon by the speaker, in order
McBride had looked very ill-natured    DeparDtment.    Neither   explanation ! to do away with the anomalous condi-
when the member for Alberni (Brew-.was favorable to the Department.       Jtlon now prevailing, by which a mln-
^^\ Education. lister's accounts have to be audited by
McBride  had  said  that  the  Point,a subordinate official ln the govern-
Bter)   had  questioned  the  wisdom  of
the administration.   He (the speaker)
had known McBride long enough to [Grey University would be tho equal,ment service.
understand his moods.   The Premier's 'of Oxford or Cambridge, but the Col-
surroundings had an ill effect on him,
spoiling the good nature for which he
was so well known tn the province.
(Laughter.) That had made him—his
good nature and memory for faces.
(Laughter.) McBride would have the
people believe that because his picture
stood behind it, all was well and above
criticism. He (the speaker) could appreciate the wisdom of the newspaper
man who Bald that "No man can be so
wise as McBride looks." (Laughter)
He had known McBride as friend and
foe for nine years, and whatever attitude he (the speaker) took regard-
onlBt handplcktng process was exercised and he was made to mention McGill or Toronto, He (the speaker)
was Interested In the matter, for he
kept In mind the treatment of the public schools ln B. O, ln view of the very
generous treatment of the University.
The 8urplus.
In regard to the boasted surplus, he
recommended that a portion of lt be
devoted to starting a fund for old age
So' far as being a statesman was
concerned, McBride might look the
part; but the speaker could not see
any justification of the assumption.
In 1902-3 the public school attend ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
ance was 16,357, In 1910-11, 28,094, an JAt the present time the government of
Increase of 70 per cent. In the same n, c. cost about $23 per head, the next
period provincial revenue had lncreas- province ln point of expenditure be-
ed 400 per cent, and expenditures 300 lng Manitoba, with $10 per head. What
per cent. The cost of education in had B. C. to show for that expendl-
1902-3 was $400,000, In 1D10-U $612,-ture? Absolutely nothing. The ex-
.000. Between these two periods the pendlture bad Increased 300 fer cent
lng him was based on that experience, payments for primary education    In- and the population 100 per cent dur-
$2.50 for a day of that duration. An
| Interesting time ls to be expected
when the member for Newcastle returns to the subject later on tn the
During the week the member for
Newcastle obtained the answers to
the following questions, as under Wednesday, Jan, 17:
Mr, WilllamB asked the Hon. the
Minister of Railways the following
1. What number of workmen are
employed on construction of the Canadian Northern Railway: (a) On
Mainland of British Columbia? (b)
On Vancouver Island?
2. What rate of wages are paid on
each section respectively?
3. What. rates are charged for
board on the said work?
The Hon. Mr. Taylor replied as follows:
"1. (a) 5,644, average during month
of December, 1911; (b) 351, average
during month of December.
"2. On Mainland—Foreman, $4 to $0
per day; blacksmiths, $90 per month
and board; carpenters, $3.50 to $4.50
per day; shovel engineers, $160 per
month and board; firemen, $75 per
month and board; cranesmen, $100
per month and board; brldgemen, $4
per day; axemen, $2.75 per day; labourers, $2.76 per day. On Vancouver
Island—Foremen on grades, $3.25 to
$5 per day; axemen, $2.76 to $3 per
day; rock drillers, $2.75 per day; labourers, $2.60 per day; bridge foremen, $150 per month and board; bridge
carpenters, $3 to $4.50 per day; team
and teamster, $7 per day; teamsters,
$36 to $60 per month and board; blacksmiths, $75 to $90 per month.
"3.   On Mainland—$6 per week. On
2. What sum has been paid the I
Corporation during the same per)
for all other services?    $51,607.
3. What sum was paid the Coloij
Printing and Publishing Company [
advertising  In   The  Post  during
year 1910?   $8,942.
I am sick of theBe cries for "law t
order" whenever a hungry and
raged workman breaks    a    wind!
while the law and order are grou
under the heels of our whole capl^
1st society.   I am sick of hearlngl
the "rights of the public"  whene-J
there Is a conflict between capital i
labor.   There can be no rights unlj
there are responsibilities also.   A pi
lie that can Bit supinely In irrespl
Bive silence while Its own laws areT
lng violated by commercial banditti!
public that assumes no responsblf
for and takes no Interest ln the li|
of the men wno dig its coal and
die Its meat and run Its rallroadsl
cowardly public,    which whines
spite against those who serve lt,
licks the feet of those who rob l|
Buch a public has no rights that
one ls bound to respect.—Franklin,
The Prussian government has
mitted to the Diet a bill providin,
penalty for those who will not w<
If that bill becomes a law, and II
enforced,   the   Prussian   governm
will  be  ln tbe  novel  position o
penalizing power which is the clot the crimes which it punishes,
ing forced to make work for Its
grants, lt can learn why they have I
worked before.


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