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Western Clarion May 29, 1909

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Array Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, May 29, 1909.
subscription Price
: m Tut
O'Brien Tells of Idyllic Conditions For Proletarians On the
Sunny and Fruitful Prairies.
Walter T. and Arthur H. Smart, formerly of Bermondsey, England, now
of Balgonle, Saskatchewan, have a
letter in one of their former home
papers replying to a letter In a February issue of the same paper, written
by A. J. C. of Toronto. I have not seen
A. J. C.'s letter, but judging it from
the criticism by the Smart boys, he
went considerably Into detail re the
labor market of Canada, and finally
came to the conclusion that for the
working class of Canada It was Socialism or starve.
They say A. J. C.'s letter Is a gross
libel on this country. I admit such
letters are detrimental to those who
own this and all other countries, but
such letters are not written to benefit
the present owners, but in the interest
of the working class who by force of
economic development are being compelled to reach out and take ownership or starve.
The Smart boys admit that there is
an industrial depression in the older
parts of Canada and that young men
with plenty of grit and willing to get
right down and rough it can do better
in the west than in the old country.
This is an admission that the more
the workers build up a country the
poorer they are.
The fact Is, from a working class
point of view, the same conditions apply not only all over Canada, but all
over the civilized world—namely, they
have to have access to property they
do not own. The small property holders, such as farmers, are In the same
fix. They, too, must have access to
capitalist property, elevators.rallroads,
etc., and like the property-less, in order to get access to capitalist property
they must surrender all they produce.
The more highly developed capitalist
property becomes the less chance for
the workers to get access to It.
The Smart boys say that a certain
class of single men would rather bum
and live on charity than to get right
down to hard work. That for a single
man to be idle In Canada is his own
fault. If this is true of the single
men, so much the better for the married men, whom the Smart boys are
so much in sympathy with. For if the
single men now unemployed resolved
to go to work, they could do so only
by underblding the married and others
that are now at work.
Can the Smart boys name one industry anywhere on top ot this earth
that is idle because men, women or
children cannot be had to operate it?
The fact is, large numbers are rustling
for lobs every hour in the day around
every industry that Is working. Some
twenty-eight thousand unemployed In
the city of Montreal during the past
* winter. The most ever know in the .j
history of the city, and every other
place in Canada was equally burdened
as compared with its population.
It is very little over a month since
workers fought like demons ln the
streets of Calgary for shovels. The
ones suocessful In securing a shovel
got sale for their labor powers at a
miserable price  (wages).
They question A. J. C.'s information
re the harvest fields. I wonder where
the Smart goys get their Information.
They are not on the subscription list
of the Western Clarion, until recently
the only working class paper published in Canada.
They who are so Ignorant of the Socialist movement as to think it is an
attempt to reform capitalism, are not
competent to deal intelligently with
the labor conditions of any country.
They who do not read and study Socialist papers, must depend on the capitalist for their information. It is absurd to expect the capitalist to expose
their own rule.
They say in 1907 few extra men
were needed. They might have added that some 1500 of those that were
needed in Saskatchewan made application to the attorney-general to col
lect their wages. I have yet to hear
of the first fellow who got his wages
through the attorney-general. No
doubt many were beaten out of their
wages who did not trouble the attorney-general, and 1907 was the last year
of one of the greatest periods of prosperity ever known in any country.
In what condition do we find the
working class at the end of that great
period of prosperity? In all the cities
and towns were unemployed demonstrations, charily soup kitchens. The
farmers were so poverty stricken that
the government had to come to their
rescue with seed grain, otherwise the
crop would have been small for 1908;
and the opposition proved to the government that the farmers of the east
were just as poor and as much In
need of relief as the farmers of the
The smart boys say in 1908 that
binders stood Idle because farmers
could not hire men. I have yet to hear
of one acre being left uncut that was
worth cutting. It is true, however,
about the 12th or 14th of August,
most of the crop of Saskatchewan and
part of Alberta was froze, and lots of
| it waB not worth what it cost to bar-
vest it.
In southern Alberta, that most prosperous part of the farming world.many
of the farmers live In shacks made of
tar-paper, mud and a few boards, with
curtains separating the cookstoves
from the beds. The hired help sleep
in the out-buildings or the straw stack.
There were far more men brought
west to harvest than there was jobs
for. In many communities they were
so numerous that they became a nuisance as well as expense, and the local
authorities raised such a protest that
finally the C. P. R. scattered many of
them along their road, in extra gangs
and construction work. I was in Field,
B. C, when three different bunches arrived In box-cars.
Tho Smart boys say $1.50 per day is
ihe lowest wages paid on railroad construction. This is not true, but as
some get more than $1.50 we will let
lt go at that. They say expenses are
not more than $5 per week. Not tme,
either. Usually board is $5.25 per
week and $1 per month or 25 cents per
week for doctor fees. If the fellow averages six days per week he has $11.50
surplus. If owing to ill health, bad
weather, waiting for material to work
with, or for any of the many reasons
known to construction men, he only
averages four, let's say five days per
week, then he has the magnificent sum
of $2 per week surplus.
I speak from experience, as I have
worked many weary months at railroad construction, both in eastern and
western Canada. But we will take the
figures furnished by the Smart boys.
If he Is young, has plenty of grit,
and is willing to rough it, during summer months he can get $20 tq $30 per
month and board. This does not include water, for In most places it is
as scarce as jobs, and good water is
as scarce as sure pay, and even the
prosperous ones (so called) among the
farmers cannot afford beer or cider,
and it's a safe bet none of them'ever
have champagne. The beautiful music
together with the constant memory-
joggers furnished by the mosquitoes
causes a fellow to constantly have in
mind his heavenly Father and to be
thankful for small mercies. We might
also add that chores are the only work
done with a lantern, as oil is dear.
They also show, if he can average
six days' work per week on railroad
construction, that he will have $4 surplus. They don't tell him that out of
the surplus, whether it be $4 or $2, he
has to furnish his own bed, towel.soap,
comb, doctor fees, etc., and for the
good of trade he must wear hob-nail
boots, overalls, jumpers and such other duds as are necessary to cover his
nakedness, for when the Doukhobors,
who do most of the construction work,
decided to practice economy,they were
arrested for Indecent exposure. It is
hardly necessary to mention that Klon-
dyke prices are charged for everything
along construction work. Then there
is the subscription list, raising funds
for those dependent on fellow-workers
who have been maimed, crippled, killed, sick or perhaps died from fever or
any of the other diseases that follow
in the wake of such poor accommodations and such cheap adulterated,
coarse food. Statistics, which only tell
a part of it, show that Canada is up
to date when it comes to killing,
maiming and crippling men on railroad construction. As a rule the hospitals are slaughter houses, where
cheap students practice on wage slaves
and though he be full of grit and determined to rough it, he is liable at
any moment to be the victim.
But suppose he is a fortunate fellow, and after he has paid his share
to his church, his dues to his union,
and his political party, and contributed to different athletic associations,
which all good Britishers are taught
to pride In, also to the sisters of charity and the Salvation Army to assist in
bringing out more young fellows full
of grit and willing to rough it, and
with a time cheque in his pocket for
the balance, which any good Christian
will only charge 10 per cent, to cash,
on some rainy day when he cannot
work, he walks to the nearest boom
town (It would not do to go on Sunday,
as no real or sham estate gentleman
would violate the Lord's Day Act),
and after buying a shave, massage,
hair cut, shampoo, bath and sufficient
duds to make his appearance such that
he can register at a decent hotel
where he can be free from vermin for
one night, he phones to the ieal estate man and as they sip the cham
pagne he purchases a lot and cottage,
and on Sunday he calls on the clergy
and asks for an Introduction to some
respectable girl, that he may become
a decent married man and have the
sympathy of the social reformers—
enuff! It is about time he was tramp-'
lug back to the camp.
Come right along, all you working
plugs, that are contented with the Information furnished you by the masters; take lots of it. The sooner you
go up against the real thing the better
for you and your class.
We all know that the unemployed
of England are so numerous and congregated in such small space as to be
a source of great danger to the capitalist class, who in defence of their
class interest are trying to remove the
danger by scattering them over Canada. So come right, along, if you're
full of grit and not afraid to rough it,
"you know."
The man with the job is legion. His
virtue is caution. He walks softly before the Lord. He has a neat shifty
side-step and can dodge the trouble
every time. Sometimes he is a bishop
and says nothing, in a deep, rotund
voice. Or he is a newspaper and his
news is edited from the counting
room. He sits in the Senate, and
doesn't forget the corporation that
puts him there. He may be a judge,
but he knows ihe political boss who
got him the nomination. He may be
called a governor, but his real business is keeping up his fences. He may
preach a platitudinous gospel fervently, and be strenuous in denouncing the
Turk or any one else who lives far
enough away.—Ex.
Whom the Gods Wish to Destroy They First Make Mad, or
Incite to Attack Socialism.
Fools have been renowned for manylsm has passed  away, and speaking
Rejected by Brantford Expositor
Editor Brantford  Expositor,—
Dear Sir: In your editorial columns
of Saturday's issue you deal with the
resolution passed by Brantford Socialists re the proposed grant of $400 to
the Brant Dragoons. You take excep-
ion to the statement that the principal function of present day military organizations is to protect and defend
the property rights of the capitalist
class. In your criticism you make the
statements that their function is lo
protect the property of all classes of
citizens in the event of disastrous fire
or flood.
In ihe first place I must say that it
looks strange lo me to equip a body of
men with swords and rifles to fight
fire and flood; would not life-lines,
lifeboats, and hook and ladder apparatus be more In keeping with their requirements?
In the second place, the working
class have no property to protect anyhow! You aBk: "Who have protected
and will In the future protect Canadian
soil against foreign Invasion?" I
would like to ask: "Where is the foreign foe who is thinking of invading
Canada?" As you seem to know
something about it, perhaps you will
enlighten me. What would be the
motive which would lead a foreign
power to invade Canada, and what
would the Socialist working class in
that particular country be doing while
their masters were busy scraping together an invading force?
Even if we were invaded, what difference would It make to the working
class, anyhow what nation's flag floated from our flagpoles? The working
class only get a bare living out of the
deal, anywhere, no matter whether
they be living under the British.
French, German, American or any other flag.
But your closing sentence is a gem
of the first water. In Industrial troubles lt seems the military Is never
called out save by request of the civil
authorities, and only then for the protection of life and property. I have
dealt with the properly question—now
for the protection of life. Surely this
Is the funniest touch of all. I was always under the Impression that a military force was formed for the purpose of taking life, but. you correct me
here. So the rifles, swords and bayonets are to protect life with and not
to kill.   Thanks for the correction.
As to industrial troubles, now, we
are getting very  near  home.    Your,
readers will have vivid recollections
of the Hamilton street car strike a
few years ago. Perhaps that was an
occasion when the military protected
the life and property of ALL the citizens. Moreover as the civil authorities
are (thanks to the apathy of the working class) members of the capitalist
class, it is easily seen how they will
use their power—"To protect and defend the property rights of ihe capitalist class."
Those of your readers who are acquainted wilh modern history will
know that the Socialist position Is the
correct one. The wars of recent date
all prove this. The Franco-Prussian
war of '71 was Inaugurated In preference to having to face a popular uprising against Ihe French empire, and
when, after the surrender of Pails to
the Germans the working class revolted, and established the Commune of
Paris, the German leaders, on the 25th
of April, 1871, very obligingly released
some 60,000 French prisoners, and
armed them ln order that they might
help the French rulers in subduing the
French working class. This they were
successful In doing, but only when upwards of 30,000 of the workers had
been massacred, and more than 13,000
imprisoned and transported by the
French military organizations.
Those of your readers who are from
the old land will not need to be told
of the coal miners of Featherstone,
Yorkshire, who were fired upon and
killed some few years ago, by order
of the civil authorities. In every war
of recent years the same story Is told.
The army is one of the tools of the
aristocracy and capitalists in keeping
the workers in subjection.
In conclusion, let me say that If the
City Council of Brantford are really
concerned about the defence of' this
country, and have $4fiu to spare for
that purpose, I would suggest that the
money could be spent to better advantage than in buying fancy unlforjns
and tin and brass gee-gaws for a cavalry regiment. Spend the money in
ammunition and rifles and distribute
them amongst the workingmen of the
city! I'll take one, and Ihe rest of the
Socialists round here would, too. All
the lime keeping In mind Ihe watchword that is inspiring the working
class the world over: "Workers of the
world, unite! You have nothing to
lose but your chains--;.on have a world
to gain!"
years because of their propensity for
rushing into places which angels refused to frequent, but it would seem,
since scientific Socialism struck this
planet, that people generally reputed
to be sane persistently push their noses Into the general melee, which ever
ranges around that much mooted and
much maligned subject. Not infrequently they get their delicate noses
damaged, but they are hardy cusses,
and like the valiant Don Quixote, it
matters not to them whether ignorant
bystanders think they are fighting
sheep or windmills, they and their
faithful Sancho Panzas know better.
So there you are; where are you?
A Dr. Schaffle might lament this
"dangerous self-deception of attacking
mere windmills" and set out in the
painstaking manner peculiar to German professors to get a clear conception of Socialism ere attacking It, and
then set this conception forth so fairly that his book, "The Quintessence of
Socialism," was prohibited circulation
for a few days under the Bismarck Exceptional laws, and he Is quoted by
Comrades even today as a Socialist of
great authority. He may publish further, another book, "The Impossibility
of Social Democracy," after many
more years of study. Or a Bohm Ba-
werfte may turn the might of his giant
Intellect upon the labor theory of value, and publish massive tomes on
"The Close of Marxism." li avalleth
naught. Bui a Roosevelt, a "Bruce,"
or a Goldwln Smith can demolish the
entire ".Marxian system" in a two column editorial, and " all the world wonders."
Nay, that would be heaven, and we
might get a certain amount of satisfaction out of fact ihat their ignorant
tirades are clean bills of health, but
when a Harry Lauder chimes in with
his childish contributory nilte, one begins to wonder if Socialism bus not
been placed upou earth by some fiend
with malice aforethought, for the express purpose of marring otherwise
blameless lives. "Whom the gods
would destroy they first make mad,"
and if Ihey can't make them mud,they
Incite them lo attack Socialism. Lauder, who can doubtless sing a good
song, and cause many a merry laugh,
has been Induced by the Strand Magazine to write his "Reminiscences." He
was as a youth a driver In a coal mine.
He tells us thai there were Socialists
in the mine, who believed that the government should own the mines, etc.,
and he ventures the sage remark that
not one of them would In the event of
his coming into possession of a coal
mine, give It up to the government.
No two-column edltorlalB for Harry;
no, nor ponderous tomes, either. Harry is a humorist and can do It in less.
But the cream of the joke does not He
here. Further on Harry tells us that
he Is digging coal, Is married (kind
reader, laugh not yet, though 'tis certainly an aniusiu' situation), and Is
earning eighteen shillings a week; after some ups and downs he gels an
engagement with a concert company
at something lllte two pound ($10)
weekly, maybe less, I forget his exact wage; does not matter, anyway.
After this tour he comes home with
ten pound ($50). and falling another
permanent engagement, goes back to
the mine. His fellow miners sneer at
him, and he consoles himself with this
remark (now for the joke): "Never
mind, I have more I ban the whole
bunch of you pui together." Ye gods,
Ihe whole bunch did not have fifty dollars, and yet there were SOME Socialists among I hem.
In point of humor Harry Is somewhat ahead of Elbert Hubbard. Elbert conjures the wageslave from time
to time, In not too lengthy lectures, to
lie faithful to his employer, His latest
entitled "The Chesty Employee," appears In the 'Frisco Examiner for May
13.   In It he recogulzes that individual-
particularly to clerks and salesmen,
who by the way are not noted for their
"chestlness" as employees.he says "To
lose your identity ln tbe business la
one of the penalties of working for a
great institution. Don't protest—it Is
no new thing—all big concerns are
confronted by the same situation—get
in line. It is a necessity." Savvy, "Mr.
Chesty" clerk, you are not an individual, you are a part of a "great institx-
tion" just as much so as the show window or the brick walls or tho ledger,
or any other part, and you have about
as much individuality. He then shows
that individual businesses, which be
refers to somewhat contemptously aa
peanut stands," Bhould stay in the
country, and asserts that . wherever
they are they are unreliable anyway,
causing "vexatious delays, dire contusion and a great strain on vocabularies." He is highly incensed at the
thought that certain salesmen consider
"the customers of the house their personal property" and calls such salesmen "two by four men." The Idea ot
a "part" of a "great institution" supposing it had any personal property.
Pshaw! No wonder Elbert gets mad
and calls it names.
To the individual who has an idea
that he owns a job, I commend the
following: "The man who thinks he
owns his trade and threatens to walk
out and take other employees and customers with him is slated to have hla
dream come true. The manager gives
in—the individual then is sure he ia
right—the enlarged ego grows, and
some day the house simply takes his
word for it, and out he goes. The
down and outer heads oft his mail at
the post office and lor some weeks
embarrasses customers, delays trade,
and more or less confuses system, but
a month or two smoothes things out,
and he is forgotten absolutely. The
steamship ploughs tight along. The
Ijmi's interests are yours; if you think
otherwise you are already on tho
slide." i
All of which is so sane and true that
It somewhat staggers one to find the
continuity of the article broken, and
the following statement having no relation to the whole, tacked on to the
"The weak point in Marxian Social-
Ism is that it plans to divide benefits,
but does not say who shall take care
of the deficits. It relieves everybody
of ih•• responsibility of failure and defeat. And just, remember this—unless
somebody assumes the responsibility
of defeat there will be no benefits to
distribute. Also this—that the man
I who is big enough to be a somebody Is
also willing to be a nobody."
What a deal of ink has been abed
over such a trifle. Schaffle finds six or
seven weak spots, and it takes quite a
book to elaborate them. Bohm Ba-
werke, Diehl, Slouinski, Masaryk,
Daranowsky and all the mighty host
of Austrian, German, Russian, economists and philosophers, endeavored to
prove philosophically, economically,
psychologically and historically that
.Marx was off his base, and therefore
his conclusions were wrong. They
could see that, If his analysis of capi-
ialist production is correct;  If society
develops historically, as according to
Marx, in the event of lis further development it must have a Socialist result. In tho words of Lafarguo, "The
collective operation of the means of
production must inevitably, necessarily result In collective control of the
product of labor, of Ihe things the
workers make and wish to enjoy."
If   Elbert   Hubbard,   Lauder,   Itoo.ie-
m it. Bruce and many other people who
have a bone to pick Willi Socialism,
will only get those few words stamped upon their brain it will save the
world some Ink and themselves some
fame. Nor would It be a bad Idea for
many of our Parly members to leara
h Western Clarion
YabUahea (vary Saturday by tha
Socialist Party of Canada, at tha Offloa
•t tha W.stern Clarion, riack Blook
iMsmnt, 165 Basting* street, Vanoon-
»«, B C.
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SATURDAY,  MAY  29TH,  1909.
In another column is published
Spencer Perclval's letter on "Socialism, Christian and Otherwise." The
infliction of so long a letter and of this
editorial upon readers already satiated with the subject, calls for some
explanation. The letter is not published from any spirit of fairness, a
spirit in which we, together with all
other editors, are sadly lacking, as is
well known, and were its subject matter confined to the previous discussion
It would not be published here, but lt
carries the controversy into another
fieid.that of the comparative value of a
movement based on etbics and one
based on materialism, and it displays
a variety of misconceptions of the Socialist objective not at all uncommon.
Therefore the letter may prove of
some Interest and a reply to It of perhaps as much value as an out-pouring
of editorial wisdom upon any other
To deal first with Mr. Perclval's
comments on our former editorial.
In the first place we may inform him
that he misunderstands us; we have
never been subjected to a personal
attack from Christians, as our personality, charming as it undoubtedly is,
has not yet attracted the attention it
merits. Such an attack, though amusing, would hardly be a Party matter.
But Christianity, through those who
are almost universally accepted as its
spokesmen, has, with a few notable exceptions, attacked, vilified and misrepresented the Socialist movement, in a
manner altogether "unchristian." And
it is doing so yet in an overwhelming
majority of cases. Witness the Pope's
recent encyclical and Cardinal Logue's
declarations, as more notable instances so far as that Church is concerned, and also the fact that the patrons of England's "Antl Socialisl
League" is composed almost exclusively of church dignatorles and aristocrats prominent. In religious circles.
True there is today, within the ministry a growing revolt, but we might
point out, for the benefit of our timid
friends, that this revolting element
within the church is in many cases far
more bitter in its criticism of the
church's attitude towards Socialism
than the Clarion ever was.
As to what would be Christ's attitude If he came on earth now, it appears to us that, if a correct estimate
ot his character is to be derived from
Biblical accounts, Cotton's Weekly and
the Clarion are about the only papers
In Canada that would venture to print
his candid opinion ot modern Christianity. It is certain that he would
not be allowed to hold forth on the
street corners with the same freedom
aa his alleged servants, the slave-dealing Salvation Army.
Further on Mr. Perclval produces
his Christian in the person of one of
our parliamentary representatives. As
we do not care to have his personality
or that of the others dragged into the
controversy without their consent, we
have taken the liberty to use the blue
pencil. However, we can settle that
matter by formally denying that, any
of them are Christians, which may be
taken as proved if none of them declare themselves to the contrary. His
definition of a Christian as one professing Christianity hardly jibes with
the rest of his  description of  what
'"Sermon on the Mount," for.lnstance.
Finally, while the Party'has not yet
pronounced Itself on this subject It
would appear that the clique Is quite
a large one. Nor Is It neeesary for
the Party to make any pronouncement on its attitude towards the
church, for the church has made Its
attitude towards the Party clear enough.
Before dealing with those parts of
Mr. Perclval's letter relating to the
question of ethics versus materialism,
though we do not care to obtrude our
personality Into these columns any
more than can be helped, we would
ask our Christian friends to disabuse
their minds of the idea that we are
actuated merely by unreasoning hate
of religion. We will admit that in our
pre-Socialist days being disgusted at
the prevalence of hypocrisy, for which
we were then unable to account, we
were somewhat active ln propagating
atheism. But a closer acquaintance
with Socialist philosophy has shown
us that such an attitude is rather the
.characteristic of bourgeois radicals
than of proletarian revolutionists, who
despite their reputation to the contrary, become, as they ripen, the most
tolerant of people towards one another's idiosyncracies, being bitter
only when anything threatens the
movement that spells for them emancipation. We are attempting to approach these questions with as little
bias as is humanly possible, and to
weigh these matters as matters of
fact and not of opinion, with no regard for the popularity of our views,
but every regard for their soundness.
One of the factors that lend invincibility to the Socialist movement Is
that it Is In accord with what is termed "human nature" and not contrary
to it. Were it contrary to human nature, there would be no course open
to us but to attempt to do, as religions
have been attempting to do, supposedly at any rate, for thousands of years.
We would have to regenerate humanity before we would stand any
chance of success. The Socialist
movement depends for its success on
humanity pretty much as it is now.
The very selfishness that Mr. Perclval
deplores Is destined to be the source
of salvation. The social ownership of
the means of life is to the material
interests of the workers. The vast
majority of the workers do not yet
realize that their material interests
lie along these lines, which is not so
surprising when we recall that ideas
calculated to blind them to this knowl-
— « ,.ml_ s-ssmsBM—'
and are largely accepted by those who
have no religion, in the theistic sense
of the term. ■ There is every reason to
believe that they were in actual practice, with and without divine sanction,
during the ninety-five thousand odd
years of primitive communism, and
they have been so found in practice
within recent times among the scattered survivals of that social order.
It would appear therefore that their
permancy Is due to the fact that they
are a codification of the Ideal rules of
conduct governing the mutual relations of Individuals living together.
Being thus parallel to the unwritten
and unspoken laws which govern the
mutual relations of other animals of
gregarious habits, numerous instances
of which are cited In Prince Kropot-
kln's "Mutual Aid." Founders of religions appear to have embodied such
of these principles as appeared good
to them in their religions, and have
accredited them with a divine origin,
if from no other motive, in order to
make them acceptable to peoples having a reverence for the divine.
Under present social conditions
these principles can receive hardly any
more than a theoretical acceptance,
their practice is largely impracticable.
To atempt to inculcate these principles into individuals living in an environment that places a premium upon
their infraction is manifestly a hopeless task, and to carry on Socialist
propaganda on such lines would mean
to indefinitely postpone the realization of our hopes and aims.
It Is, however, by no means Utopian
to infer that, under the co-operative
commonwealth, with the present almost inexorable incentive to money-
getting removed, such of these "fundamental principles" as are suited to
that social form will govern our mutual relations and gradually will receive wider and wider observance as
the evil effects of centuries of class
rule are bred out of the race. Man
is said to be vile by nature, but that
is hardly true. The normal human being finds pleasure In being kind to
others, and in a society where we can
be kind to one another without penalizing ourselves, it is surely reasonable
to suggest that that Is the course we
should take.
Mr. Perclval makes much to-do
anent the phrase "the worker Is entitled to all he produces." The phrase
Is hardly correct even applied to a col
leetlvlst society wherein the workers
would be entitled to all they produced.   Note the plural, which makes
edge are inculcated Into them, as chll- a vast difference. Modern production
dren at home, at school and at Sunday ] is a collective process and hardly a
school, and, later, from the pulpit and]worker (we might safely say none)
the press, etc. It is, indeed, rather j can lay his hand on anything and say
more surprising that so many do come jit is his product. By virtae of the
to a realization of their interests;   to j collective effort of sociely wealth will
say to themselves that we, the sweated workers of mine and mill, must
overthrow this system in our own interests.
Nevertheless, thanks to the development of capitalism, the improvement
of machinery throwing millions out of
their accustomed grooves and lowering the level of favored occupations,
the shifting of almost entire peoples
from continent to continent, tbe periodically recurring crises with their
consequent accentuation of misery and
unemployment, the workers are being
brought to that state of mind where
it needs but the clear exposition of
(he cause and cure of their Ills to enlist them ln the ranks of the army of
proletarian revolt.
Thus It is not we, but the fact that
the social ownership of the means of
life is to the material Interests of the
workers, that places the Socialist
movement on a materialist basis. We
have no option In the matter. Were
we directing our propaganda to the
capitalist class, It would truly be necessary to give It an ethical basis, for
In an ethical sense alone, it at all, is
the BOcial ownership of the means of
life to their Interest. Materially the
capitalist ownership of the means of
life Is, from the capitalist standpoint,
the best for the beneficiaries of that
form of ownership. True it is that
many of these, some of tnem our greatest thinkers and propagandists as En-
gels, for Instance, who was a capitalist, have been great enough to rise
above their class Interests, but Socialism has not appealed to them as an
ethical movement but as a material
one born and fostered of the capitalist
system itself, a movement with and
not against "human nature."
Mr. Perclval refers frequently to
fundamental Christian principles and
Christians should be, and he would ; their permanency. It is to be admit-
hardly care to acept it literally him-J ted that there are certain principles
self.   To take his own supposition, it in the teachings accredited to Christ,
Christ returned to earth would he accept as Christians all thoso who professed Christianity or even the most
notable of them?   Take Martin I.uth-
whlch exhibit symptoms of permanency, having endured, In theory at any
rate, for centuries. Not with any idea
of casting doubt on the alleged divine
er, for Instance, who gloried in the origin ot these principles, but merely
slaughter of some 100,000 peasants !lo arrive at some understanding of
v>ho demanded for themselves a little jthat which lends thom this character
economic freedom after having helped lot permanency,    we would point out
Luther obtain his "religious freedom,"
Lutheran peasants, too, they were.
(See his autobiography) Is he to bo
accepted as a Christian? "By their
fruits ye shall judge them," not by
their professions. So we feel quite
safe In questioning tho existence of
any real Christians, not because "man
Is vile," but simply because modern
social conditions will not permit of the
practice    of the    first    principles  ot
that these principles are by no means
peculiar to the Christian religion but
aro largely common to most religions,
some of them very much more ancient
than Christianity. They are to be
found In the polytheisms nnd pantheisms of the ancient world and probably nowhere are such enunciated
with greater clearness and In greater
number than in the ideological monism of Buddha.    They nre also to be
Christianity,  as    formulated    in  the found in the primitive nalure-religlons
be produced, when produced it will be
the collective property of society and
will be distributed In accordance with
the collective wisdom of society. So
much we can say and no more, as It
is not for us to dictate what that society shall and shall not do. There
is no need to worry about ihe farmer's
rent and improvements. With little
effort society can produce enough for
all if equitably distributed. To have
more than enough would be of advantage to none, where the surplus could
not be used for the exploitation of
As to the lazy. Many of us hate
work because conditions of work are
so hateful. In the new order It would
be of prime importance to make labor
as little Irksome as possible. Otherwise, mere laziness Is not a crime but
a disease or rather a symptom of disease, and would have to be so dealt
It Is hardly to be hoped that everything will go as merrily as a marriage
feast. But the social ownership of (he
means of life is the inevitable consequence of its present capitalist ownership. The problems that will nilse
through this change of ownership will
hove to be met and solved and the collective wisdom of society muy safely
be relied on to solve them, for It must.
Much more might be said but already we feel guilty and If we have
Imposed upon the patience of our readers, an intimation to that effect would
be taken in good part.
Nothing doing. Comrade English's
refusal either to move on or to give
his name seems to have confronted
the police department with a problem,
tho solution of which promises to try
their phenomenal intellects to the
limit. The press informs us that the
chief of police does not know whether
there is any other legal method of
finding out Comrade English's name
except by asking him, and without legally finding out his name, how can
he be served with a summons?
Verily, the Law "moves in a mysterious way its wonders to perform."
The Czar dissolved the Finnish Diet
at what his ministers considered an
opportune time to inflict a defeat to
the Socialists. However, they bobbed
up serenely with 84 members Instead
of 8li as before.
•   a   »
In Fiance there have been 21 bye-
elections this year of which the Socialist have won 11, Increasing there
representation to 98 deputies.
Dear Comrade Editor: —
Will you kindly allow me to put the
following questions to those who favor religion being attacked ln the
Party press and from the Party plat
(1) Is the Socialist Party organized
to overthrow religion or to overthrow
capitalism? Is It the church or capitalist control of the church, religion, or
capitalist use of religion, against
which we should turn our guns?
(2) Does the pledge, platform or
Constitution of the S. P. of C. require
the abandonment of religious Ideas by
those seeking membership therein? If
not, then why should we Insist that
those outside the party should discard
theology before we recognize them as
brother Socialists?
(3) Does the program of the Social
1st Party of Canada or any other Socialist Party In the world, Indicate
that this organization, when In power, will suppress the churches and
dictate to citizens what they shall and
shall not believe concerning God, Immortality, Christ and matters of similar character? If not, then why drag
these questions into propaganda discussions?
(4) Does the Socialist Party hire
halls and publish papers in order to
afford an opportunity to Christians to
preach the gospel of the Nazarene, to
free-lovers to advocate sex reform, to
mental healers to teach psycho-thera-
puetics? No. Then why allow an
atheistic propaganda to be carried on
under our auspices?
(5) Is it not true that many agnostics are anti-socialists and many Christians collectlvlsts? It so does this not
(a) That making a man an atheist does not make him a
Socialist; and
(b) That religion can be used
as a lever to move people
our way?
(6) Are revolutions made by philosophers or by subject classes fighting
for political and economic emancipation? Are the masses moved by Ideas
or by their material interests? If by
the latter, then why not confine ourselves to the economic issue and leave
theology to take care of itself? This
making of Socialism a universal
philosophy and insisting that tt be accepted In all its parts is a colossal
mistake. Rather should we stick to
our platform, which requires merely
that the three principles of collective
ownership, parliamentary action and
the class struggle he accepted, and all
excursions into the domains of history,
science, religion and ethics should be
merely to tap them for arguments in
support of our objects and our methods.
The present writer is willing to be
convinced that attacks upon religion
are necessary for the success of our
movement. At present he is persuaded that such attacks do our cause an
incnlcuable amount of harm, and until he has reason to think contrary-
wise, he will oppose the employment
of speakers and organizers by the
Party who are so lacking in judgment
as to provoke the theological prejudices of their audiences.
Fraternally yours,
Toronto, Canada.
*    a    a
In the first place, anyone writing to
the Clarion merely with a view to attacking religion, is not likely to see
his attack ln print.
Question (1). Answer: Against
capitalism and any of Its defenders.
We "don't like Mrs. 'Arris nor we
don't like nobody as likes Mrs, 'Arris."
(2) Certainly.    Why should we?
(3) Who dragged them In?
(4) An "atheistic propaganda"
would be a propaganda aiming to disprove the existence ot a God. Not
guilty. Also, Why allow a Christian
propaganda to be carried on under
"our" auspices.
(5) Conversely stated: Is It not
true that many Christians are anti-
Socialists and many agnostics colldc-
tivists? If so, does this not demonstrate (a) that making a man a Christian does not make him a Socialist;
and (b) that irrellgion can be used as
a lever to move people our way. The
one proposition no more absurd than
the other.
(6) Exactly.
Now where are you at?
Comrade Shier seems to have assumed that the Clarion and the Party's
organizers are antl-Chrlstlan. We are
not. We are anti-capitalist, and as
soon as the church ceases to support
capitalism and devotes itself to religion, the wicked Clarion will cease
from troubling. We care little what
God ye worship, provided ye worship
not Mammon.
THE  S.  P.  OF  C.  BUTTON.
Socialist Directory    I
* Every  Local  of the  Socialist  Party  ol ILOCAT,  POST  MOODT,  B.  C,   HO.
Canada  should  run a  card under  this  head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
8.  P.  of
Colombia   rmovnroxAx,
Exeoutive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzte, Secretary.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
c°mmlttee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite ^postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the prov-
gary 'AlFa""™'"8' Se°" B°*   ^  Cal"
tlve Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement
Secretary, H. w. Juines, 326 Hargrave St '
Winnipeg,  Man.
C.—Business  meetings   flrs{
Sunday  in  each   month.    J.   V,   Hull,
^^ecretary, Port Moody, B. C.
~ ?f °- Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m„ the fourth Thursday of each month in lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman.
Secretary; w. W. Lefeaux, Organizer
100A1, »umo*, a. ». op 0, mum
•very .Friday evening at 8 p.m.. In
pmiiR Sa"' .Nelson, -B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A Austin, Secy.
Committee. Meets in Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Oribble
134    Hogarth    Ave.,    Toronto;
ft,?'.*^8' .Secretary' 1S9* Bleecker
street, Toronto.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, MO. 1, 8. ». n*
Canada. Business meetings everv
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
hdgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
«>?** victoria, mo. a, a. ». op o.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings    every    Sunday    at    Grand
W. G. McCluskey, Secretary, Box 770.
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p,nv. in
Miners' Hall. James Carson. Organizer; John Appleby, Secy.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
6,',mL.',? Jhe Lab°r Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room, McTavish Block.
817 Second   St.   E. Opposite Imperial Ho el.
M.   Hyatt,   Secy.;   K
zer,   Box 647,   Calgary.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Halt
C. Stubbs, Secy.
**&*?     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     MO.     I.
Meets every Sunday night ln the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J
Smith, Secy.
__ot 9' M,eet? ever>' Thursday at 8
p.m., in Trades and Labor Hall,
rourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Hunfbach,
Secy. 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrt*
Organizer, 623 Second St.
P. of C, meets every Sunday after
Union meeting in Union Hall, Hillcrest
Mines, Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
**£*?" WA*A»<>. *0. 3, 8. P. of O,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
'1 1,„ore.atera Hal1- Business meeting
™„J,:I)0 oclock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockl
Jack Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box  826
LOCAL   PEBNEB,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle.
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting first Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p in. J
Lancaster, Sec, Box 164.
C., meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall nt 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month.    T.  Y.  McKay,  Secretnrp  Pro
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. P. OP
P" ™not>t'! every Friday night nt 7:30
in Timmins' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business nnd propaganda combined. Geo. w. Putersou, Secretary, Vernon. B. C.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave
Parker Williams, Secy., Coburn Siding,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. MoLeod, Secy., P. O.
Box 074. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in FInlartders' Hnll. Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
705 Rossland. B. C.
quarters Kloudyke block, corner of Pacific
and King Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummlngs, Organizer.
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 748 victor
Ilsh   Branch. Business    meetings
first and third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St.
Speakers supplied on shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
Lyon, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL  OTTAWA  NO.  8,  8.  P.   OP  O..
BU8INE88 MEETING 1st Sunday In
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 78 Ridean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:15 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
nt 379 Wellington St. Charles Lestor.
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Bron-
eon Ave.
LOCAL  COBALT,   NO.   9,   8.   P.   OP   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   8.
P. of C.—Meets in Labor Hall, St.
Dominique street. Sundays nt 3 p. m.
Heaeqttarters No. 1 St. Charles Dorrptuee St.
Otto Jalm Secretaay, 5JS Cliansse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sandon
Jo.      Name Meeting
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Camborne ....
Grand Forks..
Greenwood  ...
Kimberly   ....
M. & 3. U.
38 Rossland   ....
Trail M & M..
 jC. Galrns	
Wm. Winslow James Tobin	
Patrick O'Connor ;F. L. Crosson	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T. H.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews.. H. T. Rainbow....
Joe Armstrong jA.  E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. Lundln   	
Malcolm  McNeill.
Paul   Phillips	
R. Sllverthorn...
J. A. McKinnon..
L. R. Mclnnls...
Robert Malroy...
Blair Carter	
Q. B. Mcintosh..
Win. Hesketh	
[A. Burgess	
J. Hays   	
iBlues Roberts 
P. Phillips 	
W. A. Plckard	
A.  Shilland	
Fred   Llebscher.,.
D.   B.   O'Nealll	
T. T. Rutherford..
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.  B.  Mclaaac...
Grand   Fork!
Moyie 1
Slocan City
Van Anda
Trail     •
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Jos   tahdotte jotakin   tietaa
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ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 197. Port AHhar, Ont.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
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Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
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■ •SATURDAY, MAY^ 29TH, 1909.
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—'Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Locals may obtain supplies from
their Provincial Executives at the following prices:
Oharters, each   15.00
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■Regular meeting May 12th.
Present — Comrades Watklnson,
Creen, Lindalla, Colombo and Secretary Young.
Minutes of last regular meeting read
Jind approved as read;
Communications read from Montreal
re Gribble meeting; L. Wilkle, of
"Windsor, Dominion Secretary, and Locals Cobalt, Hamilton West, Fort Wil-
iiams, Sault Ste. Marie, and Guelph.
Regularly moved and seconded that
secretary write Hamilton re their demand for itemized statement of expense and date of Comrade Grlbble's
organizing trip to that city, telling
them their resolution was duly presented to the Executive, and same
would receive further consideration at
the next regular meeting.   Carried.
On motion, secretary was Instructed
to ask all Locals and branches to vote
•on the following: Are you ln favor of
holding a Provincial Convention this
Where do you desire same to be
He was further instructed to embody in that notification that the Provincial Executive as an Executive
deemed it inexpedient to hold a Provincial Convention this year, as lt Is
expected the Dominion Executive will
soon call for a vote on the holding of
a Dominion Convention ln 1910.
Guelph due stamps    $3.00
Ottawa due stamps       3.00
Cobalt financial due stamps aud
cards      1.00
•Cobalt,   Eng.   due   stamps   and
cards        5.25
Port Arthur, Let. due stamps ..    4.00
Toronto Italian, due stamps ...    3.00
Total    $19.25
Provincial Secretary.
540 Pape avenue.
Bear Comrade,—
Enclosed find order for usual two
Weeks' bundles of Clarions.
. I have just received word from Comrade Glaspell, of Gait, informing me
that Comrade McQueen of that town
died suddenly on Saturday afternoon.
In the loss of Comrade McQueen Gait
looses an enthusiastic worker. Although a man past middle age, he was
an example which would be a credit to
the younger members of the Local,
also other Locals throughout Ontario.
.Comrade Peters and myself are still
hammering away on the street, but the
weather Is backward and we cannot
get but every week.
Yours ln revolt,
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Dear Editor:—
Your article in the Issue of May 15,
under the heading of Christian Socialism, requires some comment, from
those, who In this age of growing unbelief, are not ashamed to be known
as Christians. Such comment had better appear In the Clarion, where the
controversy originated, ln common
fairness to both sides.
You appear to take exception to tho
term "Christian Socialist." Personally, I don't think that there should be
any necessity for the use of the term,
but when Socialists are said to be
Identifying themselves with a party of
agnostics and atheists, there Is very
good reason for those Christians who
are Socialists to let it clearly be
known that a man can be a Socialist
without being an agnostic.
If there is any justification for the
charge that Socialists are anti-Christian, it can be found In the columns of
the Clarion, which I suppose is the
official organ of the Socialist Party of
The statement that you found Christianity right in the way and that it attacked you with virulence, etc., can
hardly he In accordance with the facts.
The dictionary defines Christianity as
"the religion taught by Christ." The
religion taught by Christ teaches love
to God and love to our fellow-men. It
calls for charity and unselfishness. It
Is the only foundation upon which Socialism can be defended or successfully maintained. This I shall endeavor
to show further on. If a section of
Vancouver Christians have opposed
you personally, they may, for aught
we know, have been right or may
have been wrong. If the latter It
would not .prove your case, as the
Christians as a body, are not responsible for isolated cases of wrongdoing.
We know some agnostics who are, ardent admirers of capitalism, competition, individualism and apologists for
political rascals.
Christ's teachings will live forever
in spite of Pharisees, ancient and modern. They will apply to all stages of
economic progress. You doubt that
Christ was a Socialist, because as you
say: "Even for a. faint conception of
tlie social ownership of Ihe means of
production to be possible, means of
production in a form callable of being
socially owned and operated must be
deaf and blind, for there are thousands
of them extant. If this definition is
not correct is the Clarion prepared to
furnish any other authority. He says,
'produce your Christian." He does
not need producing, he Is already here,
and I will mention one, whom even
the Incredulous editor will perhaps recognize as such.   *   *   *
Is there any other foundation for a
Socialist society than a Christian one?
The Clarion and perhaps many other
Socialists would answer yes; there Is
a materialistic and an economic basis.
What Is it? "The .worker is entitled to
nil he produces."
Let us examine this proposition. If
the word all Is omitted there is no
sense to lt, as under the present conditions he gets a portion of and sometimes more than he produces. If the
word "all" Is Included, wo Socialists
are propounding .something unattainable under Socialism or any other
system. The weak and Incapable, the
people who can only do a little, the
Idle who will not work at all must be
supported by those who will and can
work. It Is a matter of common knowledge that de do not all produce alike.
Not only do some not want to produce
their own living but there'are others
who are Incapable ot doing so. If under a Socialist system all the necessaries and many of the "luxuries" can
be produced by a uniform workday of
four hours, then some of the workers
would he producing more than they
could consume themselves ln order to
make up for the deficiency of those
who are lazy, shiftless, Improvident
and Incapable. The "economic basis
does not warrant this state of affairs,
but the Christian teaching of charity
Let me give some illustration. Some
years ago I had a self-binder for harvesting grain. The grain wheel used
to squeak abominably, although plenty of oil was put ln the oil hole. Finally I discovered that the oil hole did
not go right through the hub and the
only way to oil the axle was to partially remove the wheel. Some shiftless,
lazy or careless working men reduced
my powers of production or Increased
my hourB of labor. Later I had a new
binder that would not tie. Several experts wasted several days trying to
make it tie. Some of my wheat got
frozen by reason of lost time over the
faulty machine. One of the head experts from the United States came
along and discovered that the holes
bored In the wooden table to secure
a casting were In the wrong place and
interfered with the proper tightening
of the cord. The careless workmen
responsible for this would bave been
better employed discussing the question of "The worker is entitled to all
he produces" than making parts of
Lest it be said that these men were
working for capitalist exploiters and
so might be justified in being careless, let me point out that you can gc
anywhere ln B. C. and find men being
paid by the government to build roads
they themselves want to travel on,
and you will find some working as
hard for their $2 or $2.50 per day as
they would for a contractor; they are
earning all they get but others you
will find, some of them, big, strong fellows, too, loaf all the time they can.
They get far more than they produce,
even the best of them. The road Is
all they produce; they get that and
wages to boot.
Continued on page four)
Dear Comrade,—
I am loath to take up space ln the
Clarion, but I think K. Kingston ought
to have a reply from a proteasing
Christian in order that he may know-
that he does not represent the thought
of all Socialists who profess the Christian faith. I do not wonder that you
feel called upon to ask In your own
article, "Are there any Christians extant?"
Your critics do not seem to have
learned that the One whom they profess to follow, "when He was reviled,
reviled not again." K. Kingston's letter shows so little of the Character of
Christ that I am surprised you scored
him so lightly in your article. It almost seems that the dirt he says he
once had on his face slid down onto
his tongue, but just here I am tempted
to say things and I will refrain.
I don't know him, but I know (Rev.)
Peck, and I am sure he (Rev. P.) will
not be proud of his champion. I want
to say I have always had a deep respect for a coal miner. Just at present I am sitting by my comfortable
coal fire. My wife and children are
comfortable and we have just had a
meal of well cooked food as a result
of the toll of these coal miners. Hats
off to the coal miners and to all miners, for, though necessity often compels it, the discomfort and danger endured by these men make them worthy
our respect.
Re O'Brien's desire to monopolize
credit, I will say, he organized the Local ln this town. After the organization was accomplished he asked me
to write Ihe ('Union about it and sign
my name to the article, as he did not
desire the credit for Ihe organization.
In my innocence al that time I thought
perhaps O'Brien could not write an
article tor the paper, and so did not
wish to attempt it. Since then I have
read some of his writings in the Clarion and am forced to the conclusion
that he could even have written Ihe
report of that organization meeting.
K. Kingston says: "You cannot convert a man by calling him a fool." It
is plain to see that he has no hope of
converting O'Brien.
Xow, in regard to his statement that
"O'Brien and other speakers do go out
of their way to attack Christianity and
the preachers," I say as long as
O'Brien, etc., can find professed Christianity, and the preachers of it, standing with the oppressor and against, the
oppressed on the side of exploitation
and against the exploited, let them
continue their attack. Christianity has
never suffered from Its critics, but it
has always suffered from Its thin-
skinned professors who have not had
sense enough to learn from its critics.
K. Kingston says he is losing money
and friends and risking his job on account of Socialism. Well, I don't
know whether he has gained any money through being a Socialist to replace
what he loses, but If he hadn't written
that fool letter, he could have counted
that he had gained the friendship of
a host of Comrades to replace the
friends he Is losing. All I can say is,
If I have any "friends" who will cut
me because I stand with the only Party in the world that stands for justlci
to all mankind, there is plenty of room
on the other side of the street for
them, and I won't kick because the
road Is between us.
I would commend to K. K.'s reading
the final words of E. V. Debs' reply
to Roosevelt. I would give him an
idea of the attitude a "man" ought to
take to our coal miners and all useful
Yours for justice,
(REV.)  A. F.  COBB.
Such Is the head on a press statement of the conditions In the construction camps on "our" new transcontinental railway. While we can testify
from experience to the vlleness of conditions in railroad construction camps,
yet we are unable to see wherein they
are any blot on civilization. To make
a blot on capitalist civilization would
be as easy as making a black mark on
an Ethiopian.
Dear Comrade Editor,—
As one of the dirty faced navvies
I cannot help writing a few words of
protest against the above named Mr.
Kingston. I say Mister because I cannot bring myself to call him Comrade,
and surely he does not want to be called Comrade by a dirty face.
Is this Mr. Kingston a member of
the S. P. of C. and has he not realized
yet that Socialism Is a class movement? Take your constitution, Mr.
Kingston, and get busy. If you don't
agree get out of the Party. You have
nothing In common, anyway, with
these dirty faced toilers, the producers
of all wealth.
Of course, Mr. Kingston, we know It
takes brains to grasp Socialism, but
the brains we want to grasp Social-
Ism FIRST happen to be the brains of
these same dirty faced and Irrational
coal miners and navvies. The workers
who produce all wealth are the men
we are after. If we get all them, we
will have Socialism. Then it will he
time enough to look after the soft-
handed, clean-faced men of the Mc-
Rae-Kingston style.
Again, are you a member of the S.
P. of C, Mr. Kingston, and do not
know the Socialist Party is the only
Party in which "THE BUNCH AT
THE HEAD" does exactly as lt is told
by the rank and file, no more, no Hss?
The only Party in which the rank and
file has control over "THE BUNCH AT
THE HEAD." The very fact of men
like O'Brien and others being at the
ead of the Party yet proves that their
actions, etc., are in accordance with
what the rank and file think Is right.
And I guess the Comrades think that
O'Brien is doing O. K. as organizer.
Besides this, I think that in spite of
all what Mr. Kingston has to say
about him.O'Biien can teach this same
Mr. K. quite a few lessons, not only
in human nature, but chiefly in Socialism. And Mr. K. needs them
Christianity is a demonstrated fact,
says Mr. K. I think this will be news ]
to a lot of dirty faces, who, like myself, have gone to the trouble of studying it seriously, comparing It with the
facts science has supplied us with.
Compare the Bible with the DEMONSTRATED FACTS of science, and
where is your Christianity? Did not
a prominent minister in Winnipeg not
long ago openly state from the pulpit
that he did not hold the belief that the
Bible was INFALLIBLE. Where Is
your demonstrated fact, Mr. K.? I am
from Missouri.
Of course O'Brien has not got the
brains and education of a preacher.
You must realize, Mr. K., that It takes
lots of brains and education nowadays
to successfully hold the demurring
masses down to the interests of the
master class. Very little brains and
no ten years' education are required
to grasp Socialism, that's where the
beauty of Socialism comes in; it is so
simple that it surprises me that Mr.
K. has not even got the fundamentals
in his think box. He Is no credit to
his Local. Are they all boozy, dirty
faced navvies?
He says you don't convert a man
by calling him a fool. Now you know
I am stuck for a way to convert him,
although I'd like it very much. But
he says that way Is no use.
You say, Mr. K., that you are losing
money, friends, Influence and are risking your job on Socialism. Now you
don't mean that seriously, do you? No
doubt you people of the McRae style
don't risk much and as a rule VOTE
RIGHT, which reduces the risk to
Now, with the permission of Comrade Editor, I will endeavor to give
Mr. K. some advice: H~~
First—Study your constitution. Get
your think box going. If you cannot
grasp lt, no doubt some practical dirty
face will help you out.
Second—Practice the Christianity
that you profess. I cannot read your
vicious letter of attack and Imagine
you a Christian, Whatever Is in you,
does not agree with I Corinthians, 3:
16.   Savy?
Third—This I'll whisper: If ever
you feel tempted to write again "in
A CHRISTIAN SPIRIT," take my advice: DON'T. And, above all, don't
get contaminated by these dirty faces.
At the end of Mr. K.'s epistle, he
states very truly that we want Social-
Ism to succeed and hence our opposition to the barnacles who Impede Its
progress. I must close in the hope
that the McRae-Kingston barnacles
will soon shine through their absence,
,and that the S. P. of C, released of
these barnacles, will enter upon a new
period ot unparalcllcd success. We
dirty faces want Socialism, and want
lt badly.
I am, Comrade Editor, yours In Revolt, H. OlMiEMEESTER.
In reference to the letter under the
signature of K. Kingston, I must say
that it is a direct Insult to the workers
In the movement. From experience I
find that the best Socialists are found
amongst "the dirty-faced and irrational coal miners and navvies." It Is no
crime to have a black face, caused by
hard toll, and I would prefer companionship amongst these despised workers than the Christians a la Kingston
We know O'Brien and the Editor of
the Clarion, too, and neither ot them
will make a fortune. C. M. O'Brien,
M. L. A., has often been during the
time he has been an organizer, up
against it, and didn't know where the
next meal would come from. His salary exists ln Kingston's Imagination;
and as the Editor gets no salary for
editing this sheet, I am sure our
friend Kingston Is off his base. He
should not discuss anything he Is absolutely ignorant of.
F. HYATT, Organizer.
One morning last week I was looking over the Edmonton Journal and
my eyes fell on this paragraph, which
to a certain extent shows what the
workingmen of today have come to
and what justice they get.
"Thirty days at Fort Saskatchewan
for the theft of three bananas from a
dray, yesterday, was the sentence
handed by Magistrate Cowan to a foreigner named John Paulyk. The driver of a delivery wagon of Oscar
Brown & Company had stopped in
front of Hallier and Aldridge's with
a tempting load of fruit. Paulyk
watched the driver enter the store and
then crept up and grabbed the three
bananas. The watchful eye of a constable had, however, detected him,
and in a few seconds he was hustled
away to the station. This morning he
pleaded guilty and received the sentence of $5.00 and costs or thirty days.
Having no money he took the term
of imprisonment."
What I want to know Is, is this
justice? I say It is not. Take the
ease of a man who stole four thousand
dollars a short time ago and only was
sentenced to three years. Take this
man's case who stole the three bananas and was sentenced for thirty
days. Look at the contrast! Have
the workingmen today any justice?
No. They will not have justice until
they wake up to the fact that they are
asleep, also that they vote in their
For instance, I overheard I wo men
talking about the two parties thai
now are flourishing. One said, "Who
aie you voting for?" "Why, I am voting the Liberal ticket; always have
done so, as my father did and his
father before him, and I do not like
to change." I think it is about time
men began to think for themselves
and not be children any longer.
Yours in revolt,
Interior B. C. Locals that have not
already applied tor dates for Com.
Lestor and wife had better get busy
quick. Write Chas. Lestor, Box 617,
Calgary, Alta. They will come by
way of the Crow's Nest Pass. Cqast
Locals wishing dates, write this offlce.
Socialists Say It is Up to Capitalists
to Fight Their Own  Battles.
The following resolution was adopted by the Socialist Party of Calgary:
"Whereas strenuous efforts are being made to Induce the working class
organizations to participate In a movement having for its objective the
strengthening of the British navy In
order that the empire may be safeguarded from dangers which are alleged to threaten It from without; and
"Whereas, the real enemies of the
working people of this empire are not
without the empire but within it; and
"Whereas, the working people of
this empire can have no possible quarrel with the working people of other
nations, but on the other hand have
a real quarrel with the class who today have the government ot the empire In their hands, and who aie
directly responsible for the condition
of want and dependency of the workers ln the midst of plenty their labor
has created; and
"Whereas the augmenting of the
means ot murder, such as navies and
armies, must be a standing menace to
the peace and welfare of working people, not only without the empire, but
of those of us who dwell within It;
Therefore, be It resolved, that we,
the Calgary Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada, refuse to countenance the jingoistic campaign which
seeks (o enlist the workers' support
for increased naval and military es- i
tablislimonts of any kind whatsoever, I
and we look forward to the day when
labor will have asserted its rights to
the fruits of Its toll and thereby abolish tho fundamental cause of war,
viz.: a struggle for possession ot the
wealth which labor creates;
"And be lt further resolved, that
we call upon all workers to refuse to
countenance or support in any way
the schemes of those jingoes who.
under the cover of patriotism, seek
to embroil our class In war, and we
Insist that, as capitalists create war,
I capitalists should do the fighting."
We publish, by request ot some of
our readers, the addresses of "The Socialist Standard," 22 Great James SL,
London, W. C. Monthly, one penny,
and of "Justice," 37(a) Clerkenwell
Green, London, E. C. Six shillings
and sixpence a year.
• • •
"Two more tor the fold," says Comrade Mathews of the 'Peg.' "Will do
what I can to help W. H. S. with the
2,000. In the meantime what about
the 1300 Vancouver faithful?" Vancouver has Winnipeg beaten four to
one, Comrade.
• •   •
Says Comrade Martin, as he fires ln
$4.50 in payment of Local Berlin's
bundle: "Keep at lt, comrades. The
Clarion is the best paper on the continent." That may or may not be true,
but true or not the Clarion will keep
at lt so long as there is anything to
keep at.
• •   •
In his annual appeal for funds, General Booth anounces that a gift of £10
will take an emigrant to Canada, This
may be true, in a sense. But as the
the Salvation Army merely lends the
money to the emigrant, it is a gift, not
to the emigrant, but to the Army.
Moreover, the Army receives out of
the £10 a commission from shlpplag
and railway companies, and, in addition, a sum ot £1 from the Canadian
Government. In common honesty
these statements should accompany
the appeal for funds. But Salvation
Army methods are nothing lt they are
not "slim."—Freethinker.
• •   •
From Toronto comes Com. Lyon
with another bunch of three.
• •   •
And also three for Phoenix, B. O,
from the member for   Grand   Forks
with his usual regularity.
•   •   •
"Get a button ready for me, I'm coming with $5.00 worth of subs.," Com.
Davenport, of Brantford, warns us.
• •   •
His own and another Is the way
Comrade Kjoe, of Vancouver, does lt.
• •   •
Comrade R. G. Grey, of Saturna Island, B. C, just to show that the Christianity discussion hasn't made him
very mad at Mc, drops in with $2i50
for Clarion maintenance and an equal
amount for free speech.
• • •
Comrade Thomas, of Victoria, orders n button and sends a scalp along
while he is at it.
• *   *
In big headlines we are informed
thant the Hon. Charles Lister, son and
heir of Lord Ribblesdale, has become
m avowed Socialists. But why the
headlines for him and none when any
Honest John Pickenshovel becomes an
avowed Socialist, which Is quite as Important an event, especially as the latter is likely to prove the more useful
to the movement?
• • •
One hit apiece Is scored up to Comrades Johan Jackson, Vancouver; Geo.
Weinberg. Winnipeg; R. Winterhalter,
Kamloops; W. J. Moore, Toronto; F.
Hyatt, Calgary; D. J. Devane, Hedley;
Tom Brlggs, Ladysmlth, and K. Jarvl,
Astoria, Ore.
The Russian refugee you wrote
about preferred to go back to Russia,
confident that they had no case against
him. He was homesick and was
anxious to return. The Russian comrades wire satisfied he was being
made a political scapegoat, and had
he not been so determined to go back,
I am satisfied any show of resistance
would have enabled us to clear him.
In view of the activity of the Czar's
pirates and their declared intention of
arresting some well-known comrades
In the movement here, I have been
authorized to call on Fullarton you
mentioued, with the purpose of enlisting his services ln the event of trouble.
I am sorry the way I am bound
down with such long hours. My duties
to the movement are only Intermittent; In fact, If I find I cannot give tho
time necessary, I shall be reluctantly
compelled to relinquish what would
have been to me under ordinary circumstances a pleasant and congenial
task. But people say wo are not
Yours for the Revolution,
Manitoba Provincial Secretary.
What lo Read on Socialism
IlyCbarlos H. Kerr, Editor nf the International
Socialist Kevlew. hltfbty beautifully printed
pases, Willi many portraits of aociHlint writers.
Included a simple, cone 1 so statement of the principles of socialism. One copy free on request,
in mailed for 10c: 1(» for 11.00; 1,000 fm fio.uu.
153 KlruTg Street, Chicago, III.
At the Ymir General Hospital, I Matron, must be a gradnate Iron some wall
established hospital. For particulars write
W. B. MclSSAC, Sec.
Ymir, B. C.
Since the successful May Day demonstration, Socialists in London have
taken on a new lease in life and are
working with renewed vigor for the
attainment of the Co-operative Commonwealth. The fine May weather has
been the signal for the "soapbox" and
the street corner orator to emerge
from the winter's Indoor lectures and
take up the more difficult task of dealing with indifferent or antagonistic
audiences. However nothing daunts
the true Comrade ln the advocating of
the principles of Socialism, and one
seldom has to walk very far on Sundays or in the evenings on week days
before one will find a crowd gathered
listening to some Comrade speaking
on Socialism. While Hyde Park is
still a popular place for open air meetings, there are many other parks in
which just as large and even better
meetings are now being held.while the
gates to the many large dockyards are
also great propaganda spots.
Last Tuesday Mr. J. Pointer, a member of the Patternmakers' Union and
of the Independent Labor Party, contested a parliamentary seat at the At-
tercllffe division of Sheffield, and won
out ln a four-cornered fight, in which
two Conservatives and one Liberal
candidates took part. His election to
Parliament is a great source of satisfaction to the Labor Party, and a disappointment to the two old parties,
who, however, console themselves by
saying that they are glad, at least.that
Mr. Pointer Is an I. L. P. member and
not a "dangerous" Social Democrat.
During the past week some delegates representing a small section of
trade unions in Germany were in London on a fraternal visit, and were
largely In company with the prominent parliamentary member of the Labor Party during their stay here. The
capitalist press stated that the German delegates belonged to the non-
Socialistic trade unions in Germany,
and I guess the capitalist press told
the truth for once.
Samuel Gompers is expected over
here next July, and he has promised
to stay until September and be present at the Trades Union Congress,
which is to be held in Ipswich. The
Labor Party M. P.'s are going to entertain Sam with a big swell banquet on
his arrival ln London and give him the
time of his life. It's strange how
eagerly the Labor Party snaps up ev
ery stray derelict of the labor movement It can find and wines and dines
It until Its cranium becomes larger
than its body.
The tailors In the West End of London went on a strike during the past
week, and some 500 of the members
of the Tailors' Union who responded
to the call have pretty well tied up the
smart tailoring establishments of the
West End. They are demanding an
alteration in the number of hours
worked per day, a re-arrangement of
payment for overtime, and overtime
payment for all bank holidays. On
Saturday the Master Tailors' Association, which is negotiating on behalf of
the firms concerned, placed before
their employees the recommendations
that they, the Master- Tailors, had
agreed upon. The Tailors' Union considered the proposals at a mass meeting and promptly rejected thein.which
action grieved the Master Tailors
sorely. It Is expected, however, that
some terms will be agreed upon during the coming week, but meanwhile
the useless swells and snobs In the
West End are much concerned about
tbe strike, not for fear that any of the
necessary." With this proposition 1
agree and possibly because during
Christ's sojourn on oanh In the flesh,
the means of production wc e not capable of being socially ovnci' and operated accounts for the fact that we
have no records of his preaching Socialistic economy. I will not presume
to say what kind of political economy
Christ would teach supposing he took
earthly form again, but can we doubt
that He who drove the money changers from the temple, who denounced j
the devourers of widows' houses and
the Pharisees of His time, who taught
unselfishness and love to our fellowmen, would take ^he side of the worker against the exploiter of the worker?',
The Platform and Constitution of
the S. P. of C.'i page 4, intimates that
changes in the methods of production
and distribution must lie met by
changes in the social structure. This
Is quite reasonable, but if those
changes are not made in accordance
with the fundamental principles of
Christ's teachings, they will inevitably bring disaster to the human race.
In Ihe history of mankind we have no
record of an ideal human government
nor even of a particularly good one for
any period. We have now a democratic form of government, In spite of
which evils of all kinds exlHt, which
goes to prove that men are not fit
either to govern themselves or others.
Why denounce the ruling classes?
Who put them where they are? If
they are not as good as the people who
elected them, whose fault is it? If
the mass of the people are unselfish
and charitable, how does It come that
they regularly elect to their executive
and legislatures men whom many denounce as pirate and colleagues of
pirates? Are we not as well governed as we deserve to be; or are we
such Idiots that we are continually
electing men to office of less virtue
than ourselves by some excusable ignorance? What is the character of
any government but a reflex of the
character of the people who elect
It and tolerate it. If we people are, In the mass, utterly selfish
and anti-Christian in practice, what
can we expect but that the executive
will be the same. When the Socialists
take over the reins of government will
their executive heads be more virtuous than the people who put them
there, or will they be a reflex of the
rest of the human race? If self-interest Is to be the mainspring of action
(the dominant factor governing men's
actions) how can we expect the Socialist regime to be anything but a period
of petty tyranny and injustice. There
will be a scramble for the posts of
honor and for the easy job. By what
power are you going to transform
human nature into the divine? To-wit,
by scoffing at most things which many
people believe contain divine teachings? Are you going to Inculcate unselfishness by trying to destroy men's
faith In the greatest exponent of unselfishness the world has known? If
you say that under Socialism the
temptation to selfishness will be removed by the elimination of the profit system, that Is only true of some of
the forms of selfishness now manifested; other forms will surely be developed under different conditions.
With the advent of Socialism we
shall have shorter work hours, we
shall have longer hours for recreation
and amusement, what Is to prevent
selfish men and women from taking
their amusement and pleasure at the
expense of their fellows whenever possible? If we are to have laws to prevent such abuse of personal liberty,
who is to frame and enforce them?
The people who want to transgress
them or the Divine Law Giver? Are
they to be framed on what Christians
know as divine laws and teachings?
If they are, why should we not pay
tribute to the author of those laws and
acknowledge Him as our King? If you
say that human nature is capable of
framing its own laws and enforcing
them after Its own conception of the
fitness of things, then I would say for
your answer, read the reports in the
newspapers, including Socialist papers
of the gross tyranny, spoliation and immorality practiced both within and
without the law. Human nature practices and allows such atrocities contrary to Divine teaching. If disobedience lo Divine Injunctions brings disaster on the race as It always has
done In the past, so It will in the future. The forms and manners of the
evils may change but others as bad
will remain, unless we all strive continually to obey Christ's teachings In
every day life.
Human governments having all been
failures we need a Divine one, and
that we shall get one after a period of
great trouble is my firm belief. When
Ihe greatest period of trouble the
earth has ever known has been endured, according to Bible prophesy, we
shall be in a fit frame of mind to welcome the Saviour of the world as our
King and obey him. It will hurt the
feelings of egotists to be told that we
are incapable of governing ourselves
or others wisely, but In ages past egotists who misruled would have felt
just as bad to have been told the same
thing. The ancient egotist thought
that he knew how people should be
governed under conditions then prevailing; the modern egotist thinks today that he Is quite capable of framing
the code of laws and regulations that
will put society In an ideal condition.
No doubt In days to come there will
be others just as egotistical who will
laugh at the efforts and results of the
present day dogmatists.
You ask if there are any Christians
extant, antl say that you have never
met one. What Is a Christian? The
dictionary s'.iys: "One who professes
faith in Chrlit or his teaching; one
who believes in Christ or his teaching." If ilils definition is correct, then
the editor of the riniion must be bolh
workers may become hungry, hut because their own clolhing may not have
the latest style or fit.
About 2000 members of the Motor
Cab Drivers' Protection Association
are on the verge of striking, owing to
the increased petrol tax caused by
Mr. Lloyd George's "great democratic
budget." On Thursday morning the
motor car drivers in the employ of the
Quick Motor Cab Co. came out on
strike in consequence of the company
demanding that they should pay the
extra 1%d. per gallon tax which has
been put upon petrol used for commercial purposes. The average consumption of petrol being about five gallons per day, this menus that the men
will be called upon to pay something
like 3s. 9d. a week extra towards building more Dreadnaughts.
The men refused to pay to such an
extent out of their already starvation
wage and are firm in their refusal to
pay the extra l%d. per gallon on petrol, for, ln addition to the estimate of
3s. 9d. per week, they often have to
purchase petrol when they run short
and this will mean that on a two gallon can they will have to pay the full
3d. per gallon duty as well as a penny
per gallon for the emergency, thns
bringing the cost up to 8d. per can.
Other companies are now on the verge
of having their men come out and a
general strike of the Motor Cab Drivers can be expected any moment. For
some time past there has been a
strong feeling amongst the Motor Cab
Drivers that in view of the fact that
they only receive one-fourth of the
earnings they should be provided with
petrol free, and if a general strike
takes place demands in this direction
will be one of the leading Issues. A
mass meeting under the auspices of
the Motor Car Drivers' Protective Association will be held Monday at midnight, in St. George's Hall, Westminster, to consider the advisability of
taking some drastic action at once.
Yours for the Revolt,
London, May 9th, 1909.
(Continued from page three)
There Is surely no need to recall
all the Instances that could be given
showing that there are numbers who
would rather take what others produce than produce themselves. How,
then, can Socialism rest on a foundation so palpably weak as "every worker Is entitled to all he produces."
If you give as a reason for Socialism
the Christian foundation of love—love
to our fellow-men and to God—you are
on solid ground. For the sake of
those sweated toilers in factory, shop,
mine or field we will overthrow the
present individualistic system of "a
man is entitled to all he can get" by
substituting "the workers will will produce socially for the common good
and the strong shall bear the burdens
of the weak."
Some of us are prepared to surrender our farms to the commonwealth,
when established, and labor with the
rest of mankind for the common good.
Some, under present conditions, could
sell their farms for sufficient sums to
enable them to live lives of ease and
comfort and indulge In hobbies longed
for but hitherto denied. They are
benefactors to their race and entitled
to a rest; they have caused not one,
but millions of blades of grass to grow
where none grew before. These farms
will help sustain the workers of the
world with comparatively little further work, and on the materialistic
economic ground of "a worker is entitled to all he produces," the farmer
is entitled to a rent based not on the
increased land values, but on his improvements. But the Socialists who
take the economic base as the only
one, would inconsistently deny him
rent or his share of the annual yield,
and thus the fabric reared by the Socialist on the "economic base" comes
tumbling down because Its foundation
was rotten.
I may be told by the editor to study
some work dealing with rent and interest and retract my fallacies. I may
be told that tbe land cleared and Improved by this farmer would not give
him a complete living without the rest
of society to act as his customers to
produce his tools, clothing, etc., therefore he is not entitled to rent; but
listen a little further. Farmer A went
on to 200 acres of wild land years ago.
He bought it for $1.00 per acre with
his savings as a "wage slave." AI-
the sameera hrdl mfwy hrdl mfwy hrd
most any other worker could have
done the same (and can, perhaps,
now). He cleared the forest, drained
Ihe swamp and fenced the whole. He
worked early and late, lived frugally
He did not get all he produced, society
got most of it. However, he Improved
It. so that Ihe land will now support
about 200 sheep and their 200 lambs.
If he gave up 130 of the lambs or sheep
to society each year in return for
other food and clothing, he would be
fully doing his duty to society; whal
will he tin with his other 150 sheep or
Iambs. They are the product of his
years of work. Society wants them
too, because It does not gel too much
mutton. The farmer would like to exchange the other 150 with sociely, In
yearly payments, for an automobile, a
new piano, a ticket good for a voyage
around the wqrld or as many works
of art as possible. Under the present
conditions of "as worker Is entitled to
a portion of what he produces" he
could got some or all these pleasures
by selling or renting his farm, but on.
the proposed economic basis of "a
worker is entitled to all he produces"
he would be denied them. The Socialist who' loudly proclaims this economic
basis would take the rest of the sheep
and give him nothing for them. If the
economic Socialist says, Oh! yes, we
would, he should have those pleasures
he has earned and craved, then are
they not in principle acknowledging
the justice of rent on value of Improvements?
Farmer B. took up 200 acres of land
about the same time as Farmer A., but
he took life more easily and refused
to clear land to give society 200 sheep
annually. He cleared enough to grow
a garden and keep about 15 sheep. On
the economic basis of "a worker Is
entitled to all he produces," his share
of the good things of life would be
meagre compared with Farmer A.'s
share. Are the rich and the poor to
be always with us? or are the strong
to bear the burdens of the weak?
There are thousands of farmers in
Canada like Farmer A.: industrious
and frugal, whose Improvements will
help to sustain society after they are
dead and gone, and they will hardly
be converted to Socialism by the
"economic base," but some at least
may be won over by a- sense of Christian duty. As for Farmer B., his type
are ln the minority and they are not
all Socialists either; some of them are
looking for government favours and
are not free and independent In political issues.
I have been asked by a Comrade tin
Gabrlola Island If I would allow myself
to lie proposed as a member at large
of Vancouver Local, S. P. of C. If the
Clarion represents the views of the
Party, then it would be useless for me
to join, even if permitted to do so, as
we apparently are not of like opinions.
The Clarion rather pats itself on
the back as being a great propagandist
paper, and was lately lecturing our
Comrades in the United States re their
platform and methods, but if I may be
allowed to offer an opinion, papers
like the "Appeal to Reason" made
more Socialists than the Clarion, probably ever will. I notice that Socialist
workers still continue to distribute j
the "Appeal" in addition too or in preference to the Clarion. In the issue of
May 16th, the Clarion asks aboul that
bunch of 2,000 at Winnipeg who voted
the Socialist ticket, and says It is
about time they woke up and sent In
some subscriptions. If those 2,000
were converted by the Clarion, It is
very cruel of them not to try and
spread the Clarion's gospel: either
they do not take much stock ln the
Clarion, or they are too selfish to exert themselves.    Which  Is  lt?
In conclusion, I would say many of
us do not want the Clarion to try to
conciliate the Christians by pandering
to their prejudices. We only want
fair play. If the Party Is to be a Party
of agnostics, then go ahead and pander to the prejudices of those people.
If the Party is to consist of all shades
of religions beliefs and unbelief, then
then kindly oblige by refraining from
writings offensive to a section of the
Party. The Party as yet has not pronounced on this question, perhaps it
never will. Is It in conformity with
the spirit of Democracy for a clique to
dictate the policy of the Party on such
an Important matter?
Yours for the common weal,
(Continued from Page 1)
that little sentence and understand Its
meaning. We would then not only be
free from Hubbard's and Lauder's
stupid blunders, but from considerable
Christian Socialism, evolutionary Socialism, practical Socialism, broad-
minded Socialism, and other like examples of well meaning ignorance.
They would then know that they could
with equal justice apply all these adjectives to astronomy or mathematics,
provided they were willing to be considered unfit to talk upon them. And
Hubbard would know that Marxian Socialism does not plan anything, any
more than algebra does. He and others would know that the Utopian speculations of pre-Marxlan bourgeois philosophers, although they were called
Socialists, have nothing to do with
Marxism, any more than Lamarck's
hypothesis that the giraffe had acquired Its long neck through continually
stretching it, or the serpent its long
body from squeezing through narrow
places, has to do with Darwin's theory
of biological evolution. The sins of
the fathers are visited upon the children not to satisfy the whim of an angry diety, but because of certain physi-
loglcal laws; a system of thought
therefor, having no congenital connections with preceeding systems, must
be held not guilty of the errors found
In them, however much it may be Indebted to those systems for the basic
principles of its own.
"I don't object to the King. King
Edward VII Is a very good worker in
the State, and probably the first thing
Socialists would do would be to raise
his salary."—Rev. R. J. Campbell.        |
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and .support of the principles and programme ot the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong. The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
matter; the worker a slave.
So long aa the capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers ot the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights ln the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation ot capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into collective or .working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, tbe worker to
secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, aa follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
nae instead of production for profit.
' The Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will thla legislation ad-,
vance the interests of the working class and aid the worker* ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party Is for lt; If lt will not, the Socialist Party la absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledge!
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed ln its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
unless you know WHY you are one. The cause of Socialism has been
tremendously injured and retarded by the ignorance of those who
talk and write about it without a proper understanding of its principles. Tbe foolish notion of "dividing up" and tbe story of the
"Irishman's two pigs" come from this source. The capitalist writer
and the speakers deliberately misrepresent our principles, but if every
comrade thoroughly understands Socialism, it will hasten the coming
of liberty for aH-
"The Library Of Original Sources"
(In the Original Documents-Translated)
sweeps away the bigotry and snperstition that has accumulated around
Religion, Government, Law, Social Science, etc.—brings to light the
naked truth and shows why Socialism is coming. The "Documents"
cover as well the entire field of thought.
Prominent Socialists Say:
A. M. SIMONS: "Will be read
when novels are forgotten—easy
to grow enthusiastic over, difficult to find fault with."
VICTOR L. BERQER: "Of greatest value to Socialist students—
a treasure mine of information."
ERNEST UNTERMANN (Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"Your kindness Is most appreciated and I enclose check.
The Documents will be my most
valued companions this winter."
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist Lecturer): "That which I have
longingly desired for years, and
which I must confess I despaired
of ever enjoying—'The Library
of Original Sources'—a service
to civilization."
Locals of the Socialist Party
could not make a better investment than a set of these books."
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Local,
Hackberry, Kas.): "I owe you
my thanks—greatest addition I
ever made to my library."
Longshoreman's Union, Seattle,
Wash.: "A boom to the working
class who have neither time nor
money to secure a university
(Lecturer Scientific Socialism):!
"I regard It aa the moat valuable
part of my library."
stands like a pyramid ln •
Not for "Scholars" hut for Thinkers
Tki lillin, ths "arodiiciri" was in ■•■laiiif t« M dsMtlntlttf ajf think lir tkikitlm.
University Research Extension, Milwaukee, Wis.
GENTLEMEN:—Please send review articles by Simons and Berger and
tell me how I can get the 10 volumes and a 20 year membership on a co-operative basis.   No obligation involved by this request.
Name ..
A ddreea .
•Jlf you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
installing the gse pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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