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Western Clarion Nov 19, 1910

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Array "0. 606.
THE FRENCH
Some Observations of a Man on The Spot
Impressions of a man on the Spot.
The present unrest among the
French wage workers, as with tbe increasingly bitter struggle for more
wages in other countries, has been
quickened by Ihe. general increase in
the cost of living. In "Value Price
and Profit" the then prevailing Continental labor troubles were mentioned as being largely due to the depreciation of gold, and the endeavor of
wage-workers to increase their wages
in compensation for the reduced purchasing power of money. A similar
thing happening to-day, owing to labor-
saving devices on the South African
gold 'fields having rendered the ounce
of gold the equivalent of a smaller
amount of labor than formerly.
For a considerable time the railway
■workers, especially, have been in ferment. Many meetings have been held,
and innumerable resolutions passed.
The chief of their demands were (and
are) the establishment of a minimum
wage of 5 francs (barely 4s.) a day—
a large-number of them receive, In fact
5 frs. .75 (3s.) per day! The whole of
their modest demands, and their entire procedure, were distinctly pro-
■feBtnonail in character, despite the lying statements of the renegade Briand
that it is a political Insurrectional
movement. Many hundreds of arrests
have been made, nevertheless, and
terms of imprisonment have fairly
rained upon the unfortunate strikers.
As a somewhat amusing illustration of
the state of mind of the ruling class
1 quote the following incident from
the police news of the paper Le Journal (Oct. 18th).
"A prosecution was Instituted by the
prosecuting magistrates at the eighth
chambre correctionelle (police court)
against the unfortunate Paul Bolble,
for carrying prohibited arms. In this
case the prohibited weapon was—a
corkscrew.
" 'If it was not an arm, what wtu
the use of it to you?' asked Presiding
Judge Flory of tbe accused,
" 'Why, mon president,' replied the
latter, 'to uncork bottles'!"
The novelty of this use for a corkscrew apparently flabbergasted the
judge, for the accused was actually
acquitted. The great majority, however, were not so fortunate.
It is characteristic of thiB republic
of "LIberte Egallte. Fraternlte," that
every movement of the workers for
an Increase in wage or a reduction of
hours is declared insurrectionary in
order to provide excuse for brutal repression. This ls one of the reasons
that the General Labor Confederation
is given a revolutionary character that
it does not really possess. At the same
time, however, the purely economic
movement is led at last to attack the
minister (Briand in this case) who
is most active against it. No doubt
a very determined attempt will be made
when Parliament assembles to secure
the downfall of Briand and Millerand.
Another cause of misrepresentation,
especially among "Industrial Unionists," is the fact that ln France any
strike for purely economic demands
that embraces more than one section
or establishment is dignified by the
name of "General Strike," though lt
has nothing ln common with what Is
Implied hy the English term "The
General Strike."
In spite of the agitation among the
railway workers during the Bummer,
the Central Strike Committee which
was formed hesitated to give the signal to strike owing to the unreadiness
of the P. L. M. and eastern lines, and
to poor organization generally. But
the Northern company hastened matters by precipitating a strike at one
of Its depots (which the men deliberately abandoned in order to be ready
for the greater movement) and later
by dismissing Toffin, the president of
the Drivers' and Firemen's Federation.
A strike of the whole Northern system
was then declared and acted upon
without the order of the Central Committee. This was followed by the
strike of the Western (State) railway-
Men, and by the declaration of a "General Strike" by the committee. Unfortunately, however, the strike was
only partial on the remaining syBtems
and discouragement set in from the
start.
The Radical Government, in their
desire to serve their paymasters, add-
«il fuel to the conflagration by arbitrarily arresting ten of the men's officials. At the same time the Electricians of Paris came out, and were
Tapidly replaced '.by idetachments of
the Engineers' Corps. At the time of
writing most of the important generating stations around Paris are still
being worked -with the aid of soldiers.
A "General Strike" in the building
trade of Paris was also declared, but
on learning of the resumption of work
on the railways today the men in this
trade also decided to return to work.
In each of these cases the discontent
had gradually been coming to a climax.
All of them put forward definite economic demands, and none started with
any defined political motive, notwithstanding the absurdities published
by the press. It was simply considered that the strike on the railways
provided the opportune moment.
Despite the lies of subsidised journals the strike on the North and West
lines was no fiasco. It was to a very
large extent effective, though the work
of the railways ln difficulties was lightened by the reluctance of travellers
to avail themselves of the few "expresses" then running and between
three and twenty-four hours late. The
ordinary slow goods traffic, was completely at a standstill, and suburban
season ticket holders are clamoring
for compensation for their continued
losses In today's papers.
The trump card of the Government
has been the railway mobilization order, in imitation of the Italian example.
Nevertheless this did not give quite
the result the exploiters hoped,** probably because the French law had to be
broken In order to mobilise the railway men.
During the agitation this summer the
capitalist class were busy preparing
measures to crush the strike that was
threatened, and La Guerre Sociale, a
sensational "direct action" sheet, having guessed that some attempt to
mobilize the railway workers might be
tried, proceeded to turn a more or less
honest penny by reproducing an ordinary mobilisation call for 28 days,
filled out ready to be sent to a railway
worker, and which it claimed to have
obtained clandestinely from the Ministry of War. As I already knew that
railwayman were legally exempted
from the ordinary short term mobilisation calls except In time of war,
I suspected the enterprising Journal of
"trying its arm" once more. Indeed,
such an order would be useless to the
Government ln a railway strike, firstly
because railway workers are legally
and specially exempted; secondly because it allows a delay of 15 days
before submission; thirdly because it
instructs the men to join their corps
(usually at a great distance) at a time
when transport is unobtainable, and
when they are required, not with their
corps, but at their usual place on the
railway! Surely enough, on July 6th
a decree was issued by the Ministry to
provide for a special mobilisation in
case of need, under which the men
may be called upon to present themselves on the day following the issue
of the order at their usual place of
work to secure the running of the
normal traffic of their section. Very
different from the Guerre Soclale's
ridiculous version.
The railway workers have to a large
extent ignored the mobilisation order
on legal advice. It Is claimed to be
Illegal because it has not been passed
by Parliament, and because the law
allows 15 days to elapse before Insubordination occurs. Thousands of
torn mobilisation orders have been
addressed to the despicable Briand in
reply to his lie that practically all the
railway workers had responded to the
mobilisation order. Only the blacklegs of the first day reappeared the day
after with the mobilisation scarf on
their arms, reinforced, however, later,
by a number of half-hearted strikers
glad of such a plausible excuse.
Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that
the use of the BOldiery to guard and
run trains, together with the mobilisation order and the lies of the press,
considerably discouraged the strikers,
and the Central Strike Committee, realising the Impossibility of victory,
have decided on the day of writing, to
return to work ln good order. The
strike has been a splendid demonstration and will doubtless not be entirely
in vain. Few, in fact, expected the
movement to assume the proportions
it did; but weak organisation and lack
of resources told their sad tale in a
steady weakening of the strikers' position.
The French proletariat have had another lesson in the supreme need for
organization. An active minority cannot be depended upon to carry the
mass with it. Moreover, it is again
made evident that control of the political machinery and forces, and their
use (legally or not) by the capitalists,
is the enemy's strong position which
must be captured at all costs.
'The very prevalence of the propaganda of "sabotage" (the destruction
of machinery and the precipitation of
accidents) is evidence of the lack of
Bound organization. In the present
instance it has mainly the effect of
lightening the traffic and difficulties of
the companies, and strengthening their
hands, while it provides the great excuse for repressive measures. As a
means of securing a standstill upon
the railway systems it is obviously an
utterly ineffective substitute for sound
organization among railway workers.
In other countries of Western Europe,
indeed, the economic movement has
already passed through a similar
period of rudimentary organization and
tumult. Yet it is precisely countries
like France, where the organisation of
labor lags behind other countries, and
where primitive organization brings
with it the inevitable corollary of
"sabotage" and futile street fights, that
are taken as having the most advanced
forms of economic organization, models that the Rip Van Winkles of "In-
. dustrial Unionism" in Great Britain
try to imitate. Like the petty bour-
geosie, their ideals are behind them,
and they think they are advancing
when in reality they are walking backward.—F. C. W. in Socialist Standard.
U. S. ELECTIONS.
The workers of the United States
have arranged matters so that during
the next two years, when the congressional strings are pnlled, there will be
a democratic monkey-dance instead
of a Republican. The Ass, fitting symbol of the mental state of working
class voters, has been selected to wave
its long ears at Washington, D. C, vice
the Elephant's trunk.
Victor L. Berger has been returned
as Social-Democratic representative
for the fifth congressional district of
Wisconsin. The Social-Democrats
have elected twelve Assemblymen and
one state senator, besides sweeping
everything bfore them in Milwaukee
county. Whether this is a victory for
Socialism or not is an open question.
However, much as we may disagree
with the Social-Democrats in program
or tactics, the greatest admiration is
due them for the magnificent organization and unremitting effort which enabled them to accomplish such signal
success.
ORGANIZERS,   SPEAKER3,
ATTENTION!
The Comrades throughout the Okanagan have appointed the undersigned
District Secretary for the Okanagan
Valley, the object being at present
better, and eventually excellent organization.
We want organization which is machine like and we are going after it.
Organizers and speakers desiring
dates, please take note of this and apply for routing, etc., to
H.   GILDEMEESTER,
Mara, B. C.
P. S.—When arranging with me for
dates, please give lots of time for advertising.
Karl Marx and
Geo. Howell
We were reoently favored by our
old friend Robert Banner (who, we are
sorry to learn, is seriously ill) with
the following letter, from the pen of
Karl Marx. The Secular Chronicle,
in which it appeared, was at the time
edited by Mrs. Harriet Law, the only
woman who had been a member of the
old International.
Mr.   George   Howell's   History  of  the
International  Working Men's
Association.
By Karl Marx.
(From the Secular Chronicle, Vol. X.,
No. 5.   Sunday, AugUBt 4, 1878.)
I believe it worth while to Illustrate
by a few notes the most recent contribution—see the "Nineteenth Century" of July last—to the extensive
spurious literature on the International's history, because Its last expounder, Mr. George Howell, an ex-
workman and ex-member of the General Council of that association, may
erroneously be supposed to have
drawn his wisdom from sources not
generally accessible.
Mr. Howell sets about his "History"
by passing by the facts that, on September 28, 1864, I was present at the
foundation meeting of the International, was there chosen a member of
the provisional General Council, and
Boon after drew up the Inaugural address and the general statement of the
association, flrst Issued at London in
1864, then confirmed by the General
Congress of 1866.
So much Mr. Howell knew, but, for
purposes of his own, prefers to make
"a German doctor named Karl Marx"
flrst appear at the London congress,
opened on September 25, 1865. There
and then, he avers, the said "doctor"
had "sown the seeds of dlBCord and
decay by the Introduction of the Religious Idea."
In the first Instance, no "congress"
of the International took place In
September, 1865. A few delegates from
the main Continental branches of the
Association met In London for the sole
purpose of conferring with the General
Council on the programme of the "flrst
congress," which was to assemble at
Geneva, ln September, 1866. The real
I business of the Conference was transacted in private sittings, not at the
semi-public meetlnge In Adelphi Terrace, exclusively made mention of by
the exact historian, Mr. George Howell.
Like the other representatives of
the General Council, 1 had to secure
the acceptance by the Conference of
our own programme, on its publication
thus characterized, In a letter to the
"Siecle," by the French historian,
Henri Martin:
"The breadth of view and the high
moral, political and economical conceptions which have decided the choice
of questions composing the programme
of the International Congress of Working Men, which is to assemble next
year, wlll strike with a common sympathy all friends of progress, justice
and liberty In Europe."
Ily the way, a paragraph of the programme which I had the honor to indite for the General Council runs thus:
'The necessity of annihilating the
Muscovite influence in Europe, by tbe
application of the principle of the right
of nations to dispose of themselves,
and the reconstruction of Poland upon
a democratic and Socialist basis."
Upon this text Henri Martin put the
gloss:
"We will take the liberty of remarking that the expression, 'democratic and Socialist basis' Ib a very
simple one as regards Poland, where
the social framework needs reconstruction quite as much as the political
framework, and where this basis has
been laid down by the decrees of the
anonymous government of 1863, and
accepted by all classes of the nation.
This, then, is the reply of true Social-
Ism, of social progress In harmony
with Justice and liberty, to the advances of the Communist despotism of
Muscovy, this secret of the people of
Paris now, therefore, becoming the
common secret of the people of
Europe."
Poverty, Sales and 'Political 'Pantomime
Spring, summer and fall our farm
slave has toiled. He has harrowed,
packed, drilled, harvested, shocked
and threshed. Now is the season of
harvest home and great rejoicing, the
papers are full of poetry and prose,
be thankful they cry and paint glowing pictures of the family gathering on
thanksgiving day. The royal turkey,
trimmed with strings of prosperous
sausages and chunks of rich mincemeat, the peanut butter, cranberry
sauce and "punkln" pie. Theoretically it is a time of harping and feasting, of broaching ot mighty ale and
sparkling mead, yet somehow the unreasonable beast seems to be anything
but thankful.
Around the mills and elevators a
bunch of savage and disguBted men
gather from day to day, "What's the
price of wheat to-day?" they cry, and
the grain buyer calmly states his
price, 56 cents. Only fifty-six they
groan in mass and make a rapid calculation which shows that at 56 cents
they have not enough grain to pay
their way. Of course says the buyer,
you don't need to sell to ub, take it
to some other joint The farm slave
(0 wise soul) acts upon this advice
and hauls "his" grain off to some other
of his masters' warehouses. Alas,
however, for our wisdom, the telephone
has been busy since he left the first
mill and when he humbly asks at the
second, "what the price of wheat?" 55
cents saith the buyer and I don't know
that I like to buy so poor a grade.
Therefore   be   thankful   farm   slave
Not more than others you deserve
Yet God has give you more
For  you   have   food,   while  others
starve
And beg from door to door.
And what more do yon want so long
as the Lord has a tab on yon, you're
right no doubt he wlll smite those
robber barons who run stores in town
and so everything will be O.K. Of
course you're not robbed at the point
ot production, we all know that. In
truth, however, our slave farmer Is
strictly up against it this fail, the
summer has been a failure, for weeks
Unfortunately the "people of Paris"
had kept their "secret" so well that,
quite unaware of it, two of the Paris
delegates to the Conference, Tolain,
now a Senator of the French Republic,
and Fribourg, now a simple renegade,
inveighed against the very proposition
which was to call forth the enthusiastic comment of the French historian.
The programme of the General
Council contained not one syllable on
"Religion," but at the Instance of the
Paris delegates Ihe forbidden dish got
Into the bill of fare in store for the
prospective Congress, in this dreBsing:
"Religious Ideas (not 'The Religious
Idea,' as Howell's spurious version
has it),—their influence on the social,
political and  Intellectual  movement."
The topic of discussion thus Introduced by the Paris delegates was left
in their keeping. In point of fact, they
dropped it at the Geneva Congress of
1866, and no one else picked it up.
The London "Congress" of 1865, the
"introduction" there by "a German
doctor named Karl Marx" of the "Religious Idea," and the fierce feud
thence rising within the International
—this, his triple myth, Mr. George
Howell caps by a legend.   He sayB:
"In the draft address to the American people with regard to the abolition of slavery, the sentence, 'God
made of one blood all nations of men,'
was struck out, etc. Now the General
Council issued an address, not to the
American people, but to its President,
Abraham Lincoln, which he gracefully
acknowledged. The address, written
by me, underwent no alteration whatever. As the words, 'God made of one
blood all nations of men' had never
figured In it, they could not be 'struck
out'."
The attitude of the General Council
in regard to the "Religious Idea" is
clearly shown by the following Incident: One of the Swiss branches of
the Alliance, founded by Michael
(Continued on Pag* I)
and weeks no rain fell and the hot
winds like tongues of unseen fire lie*a>
ed up the life out of the growing grail.
The coppery sky gave no hint of rais.
for long spells and although the G.
G. A. ls chipper than ever, even they
could not improve things. After har-
vest the rain fell and came a frost
which added to the general misery,
improving the grade quite a lot, as ont*
can readily understand.
Threashing told a dreary tale, crops
light and machine collectors thicker
than flies in, July, wherefor be thankful, for mortgage companies and banks
are driving a thriving trade. The effect of all this prosperity manifests Itself In a perfect drizzle of audio*
sales; "Auction sale to-day of valuable
chattels and effects at Copers' Barn,"
said the bills, "Punk & Blighter, auctioneers," Being a Socialist, therefore
tioneers." Being a Socialist, therefore
greedy, my soul was stirred by visions,
of bargains galore, so to Copers' Barn.
I wended my way. I wandered about
that barn for some time but no chattels or effects could I find*, true, I passed a heap which the refuse collector ■
had overlooked but gave It no tbonght.
So to the office ot Punk & Blighter tor
more definite Information. Yon all
know Punk; somewhat fat, oily and
very polite, a voice like bubbles bursting In coal oil and a pudgy face. You
all know these offices, little shacks
hung about with helpful mottoes* "The
door of prosperity never opens to (he
sound of a knocker," etc., and then,
with a vein of hidden sarcasm, "In the
cause of our clients our Interest never
flags."
Inside the offlce I ran into another
evidence of prosperity, behold a lady
ln tears and a swell hat, a he slave
with his hands dug deep into his trou-
ser pockets and a lost! lost!! lost!*!!
look upon his face, evidently the lady's
husband. Our Punk facing them and
holding a chattel mortgage (ah those
fatal pink papers) from which he was
reading, I retreated and presently
saw them come out, a dejected parr.
No pity was there in my heart for
tbem because I knew the man as a
violent and very Ignorant opponent of
Socialism, one of those who tear down
and spit upon our bills. Then I met
Punk. "Yes, there was an auction."
Yes and it was at Copers' Bam ln
half an hour and if I waited a few
minutes he would walk up with me. So
together to the barn and theii revelation, for he led me straight up to the
pile of trash I had passed before.
"There you are sir, all those splendid
chattels going for what they will
bring." I looked them over, dazed;
an old oil can, a strip of faded carpet,
a broken lamp, a. damaged homesteaders stove, a coffee pot, some straps, a
once bridle and a table with a drunken gait. Valuable chattels and effects;
"and which Is a chattel and which an
effect?" I asked at last and added, "In
any sane community such a collection
of trash would be dumped on tho rubbish pile." "Call em what you will,
sir, they will go like hot cakes" waa
all he said and alas It was too true.
The crowd who gathered to buy: they
were farmers, oozing prosperity, bum
old once sheep lined coats, near seal-
ette collars, imitation Bulgarian mountain cat hats, unshaven faces, moccasins and overalls, a wealthy looking
crowd all round. They bought feverishly, the bids ranging from 10 cents
to 15 1-2, later there was to be sold a
number of fine young geldings and
good brood mares, but as I had already
inspected said cattle and found them
wanting, I faded away, heartsick at
tbe mentality of my fellow men.
Later that afternon, this samo bunch
cluttered with tho rubbish heap they
had purchased, gnthored in the town
hall as Grain Growers to pass a resolution of censure upon the Government
for purchasing tho battleship "Nlobe"
and to debate the advisability of forcing them (the government) to reduce
the tariff upon manufactured goods,
prefacing their demand with the usual
petition, "which humbly showeth,' etc
and to denounce Socialism. A funny
bunch are they not?
A. BUDDEN. Two
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA
SATURDAY, NOV. 19th, 1910.
U/ye
WESTERN CLARION
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! 1888 Tanoonver, B. O.
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8ATURDAY, NOV. 19th, 1910.
THE  MODERN   FETISH.
To whose interest is it that such a
change be brought about? Go to the
swell cafe or opera house, observe the
evidences of comfortable and affluent
lives displayed by the well-groomed
frequenters of those places and make
a note that these are the members of
the owning class. Then go with us
down town to a lunch-counter where
no one eats, but where stomachs are
filled. Take a look at that line of anxious figures humped over ihe hoard
with about two-thirds the dignity of
hogs at a trough. They are not satisfying the inner man, but undergoing
a painful duty in the interests of their
employers. You will note with what
precision and despatch a given amount of—er—stuff is disposed of in a
given number of minutes. Long practice has enabled them to calculate the
time and space at their disposal with
the nicety of an expert stevedore.
Their countenances do not even
change when a model 1876 doughnut
is sent to Join the kidney stew that
went before.
These are the workers, the non-
owners, and this is part of the work.
A necessary part,' for were it not done,
they could not continue to produce
wealth for the consumption of the
gentry who dine elsewhere, at greater
leisure and amid more aesthetic surroundings. To the workers, then, is
Socialism addressed. They would be
the principal participators in the benefits of the proposed economic change
and it is up to them to act.
WATCH   VANCOUVER  GROW.
tot quite a considerable number of
years—at least, as far back as we can
reasonably be expected to believe the
ilStorlans—mankind has been addicted to the worship of something or
somebody. Whether it be idols of
Wood or stone, gods of which nothing
was visible but disciples, natural phenomena, medicine-men, sorcerers,
seers, kings, prophets or Gr**iat Men,
tbe human mind has always sought
a symbol of superiority to which it
Slight do homage. As fast as one Idol
■ Shattered another is created, man
always making himself small enough
to ensure the greatness of the object
of his devotion.
The inhabitants of America are wont
to pride themselves upon their great
freedom from the trammels of traditional institutions and superstition.
Pointing with scorn to the human pedestals for crowns with which Europe
IS more or less adorned, they congratulate themselves on their glorious constitutional rights of citizenship. No
kings for them! They will not tolerate even the vacant semblance of royal prerogative.
And yet, in no people is abject subservience to an absolute ruler more
apparent. America is singled out here
as being the country where modern
social contrasts are most sharply defined. The one great monarch before
whom all Americans, willingly servile,
bow is Capital. Is there a mine to be
opened, a canal to be dug, a railroad
to be built or a wilderness to be reclaimed, what all-conquering power
must be invoked?   None but Capital.
Before Capital, communities, courts
and governments must give way. They
do bo, not because they wish nor because they are "dishonest," but because they can do no else; for does
not society say that Capital is the one
force greater than all others? Without it, nothing can be done; this is
tibe decision of the mass, therefore It
must stand. Hut for how long? Let
as diagnose this monster's case and
find the answer.
What is capital? The average mind
thinks at once of money. True, capital invariably appears on the scene as
money. If, however, we examine the
various uses to which money is put,
we find that it merely functions as a
means whereby the values of commodities may be expressed and their exchange facilitated. Commodities en
masse comprise the wealth of society.
Therefore, capital Is wealth. All
wealth, however, is not capital.
Wealth, to be capital, must be used in
such a way as to constantly increase.
In other words, it must be profitably
invested. Everything having value is
the product of labor. Wealth, then,
to be capital, must employ labor. This
brings us to the conclusion that capital is merely a social character assumed by wealth where used in a particular way.
This character presuposes owners
of wealth to employ and non-owners
to be employed. The capitalists are
the owners, the workers the non-owners. The capitalist owns, not by reason of any inherent superiority in his
organic construction, but because the
collective voice declares that he shall.
He has, as It were, been socially appointed the custodian of society's
goods and chattels.
The Lord giveth, and the Lord tak-
eth away. The thing which is so devoutly worshipped by Americans, particularly American workingmen, exists because of their sanction, and by
no other right. Capital, having been
socially established, may be socially
disestablished. To do this it ls only
accessary that the means by the operation of which wealth is produoed be
owned by those who use them. Tliere
would then be no one to purchase human energy, and no one wishing to
sell.
OF COURSE THEY GOT IT.
While wending our way toward the
editorial sanctum, a few days ago, our
eagle eye was confronted with a large
wooden sign announcing that five hundred thousand dollars was required by
someone or some institution. We decided to investigate further, and accordingly crossed the road, where a
closer proximity to the afore mention-
led sign enabled us to perceive that
our esteemed friends, the Y. M. C.A.,
were in need of this modest sum.
We mention the fact not so much be.
cause of the novelty of any person or
persons being desirous of becoming
the recipients of large chunks of coin.
Money is a handy thing to have around
one's pants or in one's reticule—according to the sex of the individual—
and we are all desirous of getting it in
as bulky wads as possible.
The great difference between the
average reader of the Clarion and the
Y. M. C. A., is that the average reader
wouldn't get the dough If he asked for
it, and the Y. M. C. A. wlll get it any
' time they want It. For this, of course,
1 there is a reason. Most of the wealth
of the world is in the hands of the
capitalist class, and they, being wise
individuals, n.ever dig any up unless
they see a certainty of return that will
justify the outlay. Our average reader being an individual of no "standing" or "influence" in the community,
but simply one of the common or garden variety of wage animals it does
not pay the capitalist class to give him
anything except his wages—enough to
keep him in good working condition—
therefore, naturally enough, this is all
they do give him.
The Y. M. C. A., on the other hand,
being in a position to serve the ruling
class, the said ruling class quite
naturally subsidize them to do
so. The more Intelligent and contented the slaves, the better for capitalism. The Y. M. C. A. and other
similar institutions have in the past
proved their usefulness to the economic masters of society in educating the
slave class, both to produce wealth
more efficiently and to be satisfied to
give It up when they have produced It.
This is shown beyond doubt by the
fact that the largest donors to such
organizations are to be found among
the leading members of the plutocracy
—Including such shining lights as John
D., Strathcona, Andy of library fame
and others.
Personally, we do not give a whoop
about it anyway. Undoubtedly very
little of the dough has come direct
from our class—not, perhaps because
so far our class has been educated
sufficiently to understand the class
character and function of such organizations—but for the simple reason that
our class haven't got It to give anyhow—their muddled mentalities which
leads them to make asses of themselves on every possible occasion being in this case denied its natural expression by the emptiness of their
pockets.
We are game to bet our editorial
waste paper basket—the most precious possession we have and the one
we can least afford to dispense with—
that ninety per cent, of the cash has
come from employers of labor, big or
small. To think otherwise would be
to infer that the bosses didn't know
a paying proposition when they saw
one—which, from our personal observation, we are aware is not the case.
ATEIMTS
EM
fPTLY SECUREDl
w*e solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineer), and others who realize the advisability of baring their Patent business transacted
by Kxpeits. Preliminaryadvlce free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York Life Bldg,
Vonlrcal: rudWoahinifton, H.C., U.S.A.
Scarcely a city in the whole world
has such a broad and perfect foundation for manufacturing as Vancouver.
Just across a narrow sea channel
from this City, almost opposite its
great harbor, on Vancouver Island, are
some of the Greatest and Dest Iron
deposits on the globe.
Almost in close companionship are
Arast high-grade Coal Measures. Hoth
can be mined at a minimum of cost, in
fact, are near the shores of the sea.
On that splendid Island, and spread
over many thousand square miles on
mainland, are found more than thirty
species of Staple Timber, many of
them of the most noble forest growths,
and all of the highest grade of wood.
Now, then, all Vancouver has to do
to develop here as Cleveland, Pittsburg or Manchester, is to get busy and
use the most splendid opportunity for
the creation of a mighty centre of Industry that is in existence.
This Phenomenal combination of materials, so abundant and perfect and ln
such complete conformity to the principle that rules in commerce—economy
—is here in marvellous perfection.
Isn't it as plain and certain as any
proposition of cause and effect can be
that this unmatched association of materials alone possesses sufficient potentiality in wealth and progress to require that Vancouver shall become a
great city in a few years? <
Then, there are all the possible products of Timber (including paper); of
copper, silver, lead, granite, clay—to
unite with the Iron and coal and warrant an almost infinite line of industries—to produce wares and goods enough to supply the world."—News Advertiser.
Why, certainly. But right there is
where the trouble commences. It's a
cinch "to prouce wares and goods
enough to supply the world," and then
some. But there are a number of other quite large firms who are already
doing so in a most enthusiastic manner
and are even now preparing to cut one
another's throats for that privilege.
No trouble at all to produce the goods.
What's to be done with them when
they are produced?
Of course, "our morning contemporary," as "the World" calls it, is lying
a little about that "high-grade coal"
and "greatest and best iron deposits,"
but one must make allowances for the
perfectly natural optimism of the ad-
writer, it being almost his entire
means of wealth production. But, such
as it is, the coal and iron is there right
enough. Labor is reputed to be somewhat scarce, as it always is whenever
it isn't making an unemployed demonstration of itself. However, the Salvation Army is ready and willing to
remedy that scarcity for a slight con-_
sideratlon. Given these two factors,
raw materials and labor, there is no
limit to the productivity of the country. But what's to be done with it
when it's produced? Same old question.
Here we have them in the States,
buying pig-iron from China to make
into steel, beoause the heathen can already produce pig-iron cheap enough
to sell in the States, of all places. Pre- forsaken place.
bridge, the chief town of this Scottish
"Black country."
Some thirty years ago Coatbridge
was officially described as "the, largest and dirtiest village in Scotland."
By becoming a burgh the town has
lost the distinction of being the largest
village, and has now to be content with
eighth place among the Scottish towns.
In the matter of dirt, however, It is st I'I
pre-eminent.
Within tbe Burgh of Coatbridge are
situated the world-famous Gartsherrie
Iron Works, from the workers ln
which the Bnirds of Gartsherrie have
extracted untold wealth; the scarcely
less famous Sttmmerlee Iron Works,
and the Langloan Iron and Chemical
Works. These works produce pig iron,
and from their blast furnaces smoke,
flames and poisonous gases constantly
ascend. In addition to these there are
numerous smaller works engaged in
the production of malleable Iron, tubes
and other commodities of which Iron
Is the raw material. All these contribute their share to the clouds of
smoke which darken the air for miles
around.
But it is not so much of the place
and its appearance that I wish to
write (although too ^much could not
be written in condemnation of its dirt
and ugliness) as about the conditions
of life of its inhabitants, and I turn
for my facts to the annual reports of
the Medical Officer for Health and
the Sanitary Inspector, a summary of
which was published in The Coatbridge Leader for Saturday, April 30th,
1910. Prom these reports it appears
that the population of the burgh at
the end of 1909 was 44,472. Of this
population "fully a fifth (we quote The
Leader's report) of the entire population live in single-roomed houses,
the average being rather more than
four persons In each; more than one-
half stay in two-roomed houses, the
average being about 5% persons to
each house; a bare quarter stay in
houses of three to four apartments. At
Gartsherrie 83 out of 317 houses owned
by Messrs. Wm. Baird & Co. have been
modernized within the past three
years, having wood floors substituted
for brick or cement, and twelve of
them have been fitted with water supply and sinks. The Inspector understands the remainder of the property
is to be similarly overhauled; and, as
a whole, Dr. Hamilton thinks the
houses occupied by the laboring classes will compare favorably with Ihe
houses of the same class elsewhere,
though he notes with regret that the
tendency to erect single apartment
houses  is  still  prevalent."
The common lodging he-uses, the reports inform us, have a total accommodation for 1,226">& males, while the
number of registered houses let in
lodgings is 370, an increase of 42.
The fact that quite recently a large
ommon lodging house was erected by
a private company, and that only a
few years ago the corporation erected
one almost as large, points to the fact
that not only is there a tendency for
single apartment houses to be erected,
and for the number of houses let in
lodgings to increase, but the number
of inmates of common lodging houses
also  tends  to  increase  in  this  God-
■ ■ ■ ■ m me.itm.
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a curd under this
head.      $1,011   per   month.        Seereturie
please note.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
Socialist Party of C'unuda. Meeti
every alternute Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary, llox 1688, Vancouver,   B.  C.
BRITISH     COLUMBIA      PBOVINCIAL
l-'xeuutlve Committee. Socialist Part*,
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday, li. O. McKenzie, Secretary
Box  1688 Vancouver, U. C.
ALBERTA   PBOVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of C'unuda. Meets every alternate Monday ln
Labor Hail, Eighth Ave. Ea.H, opposite poMtofflce. Secretary wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province. P. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
Alta.
LOOAL MOYIE, B. C., NO. 30 MEETS
-second Sunday 7:31) p.m. in McGregor
Hall i.Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
Secretary,
LOCAL   LADYSMITH   NO.   10,   S.  T.   ot
C, liu.ilne.iei meetings every Saturday
i p.m. in lieudquurterM on Klrst Ave
B   Q    Burrough,  Box   31,   Ladysmlth,
LOCAL BOS8LAND, WO. tt, B. P. of C,
meets In Miners' Hull every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., p o
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets In ^inlanders' Hail, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
54 HoMsland.
sently  they will be doing the same
with steel.    Then  what about "our"
iron deposits?
Nevertheless, Vancouver will grow.
Let us  analyze the  above  figures.
The population is, in round numbers,
44,500.   If we take one ln five as the
proportion of adult males we get an
She has grown some while her two Eiult male population of, roughly, 9,000.
main industries have been real estate
and' house-building. This is the last
West, one of the few spots left into
Of that number 1,500, or one-sixth of
the entire adult male population, are
accommodated  In models or In  regi-
Which capital can expand.   There are stered lodging houses.   One-sixth is a
resources to be "developed,'' offering
golden opportunities to the company
promoter, as McKenzie & Mann are
demonstrating. But, when these companies turn to producing anything
more solid than prospectuses, something will drop.
Grow? Sure. But what does it concern the fool wage plug to be boosting for growth? If population and factory smoke Is to his well-being, let
him go to Chicago, Montreal, New
York, London, 'most any place east.
It must sure be Heaven there already,
without any waiting for Vancouver to
grow.
THE   HOUSING  OF THE  WORKING
CLASS IN SCOTLAND
Every year thousands of tourists
visit the West of Scotland, and, with
Glasgow as their headquarters, make
pilgrimages to the various beauty
spots, renowned in song and story,
that He within easy reach of that city.
Pew of these visitors travel east;
their travels usually take them north
or west. Were they to travel ten
miles east of Glasgow they would come
upon a strip of country which would
cause them to think they had been
transported from the land of mountain
and flood to the centre of the "Black
Country" of the English Midlands. Indeed lt is doubtful if anywhere in
England there is to be found a district
so desolate and unlovely as that
through which the traveler by the old
Bathgate route between Glasgow and
Edinburgh passes some ten miles east
of Glasgow. The station which gives
access to this insalubrious locality rejoices in the incongruous title of
'Sunnyslde," Sunnyside being the
north British railway station for Coat-
conservative estimate, for, of course
there must be a large number of men
living in lodgings which are not registered. Let those who are concerned
with the preservation of the home, the
family, and all the other blessings of
modern civilization carefully consider
the fact that In Christian Scotlund.
Sabbatarian, Covenanting, God-fearing
Scotland, there is a town, and that
town within ten miles of Glasgow, the
most progressive and up-to-date city
in the world, tt Is claimed, in which one
man out of every six is cut off from
home, family, friends, and all the refinements and decencies of life. Let
them also carefully consider the fact
that over 9,000 inhabitants, or fully a
fifth of the population, are herded together In single-roomed houses, the
average being rather more than four
to each house. And such houses!
Brick or cement floors; no water or
sinks in the house; no w. c.'s; no
nothing—simply "pigging it." And
while they are turning these facts
over in their minds let them not forget
that in the opinion of Dr. Hamilton,
Medical Officer for Health for tho
burgh (who ought tn know, you know),
these houses will compare favorably
with the houses of the same class else,
where. Truly the housing of the working class ln Scotland is in keeping
with their position in society. Slaves
they are, and like slaves are they
housed.—M. P. U., In The Socialist
(Edinburgh).
The triumph of the present age is
its achievements in labor-saving devices. The worker who votes for a
party that upholds the established system of property ownership thereby
renounces all claim to participation
ln the advantages that accrue from
such devices.
MANITOBA  PBOVINCIAL.  EXECU-
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Tuesdays In the month at 12 1-2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring information about the movement ln Manitoba, or who wishes to
join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebblngs,
Sec., 316 Good St., Winnipeg.
MARITIME      PBOVINCIAL       EXECU
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOOAL   VANCOUVEB,   B.  O.,  NO.  1—
Canada.      Business     meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
LOCAL  VANCOUVEB, B.  O.,  NO. 45—
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 2237
Westminster Avenue. Secretary, Wm,
Myntti.
LOCAL   NELSON,   B.  P.
of
0.,
MBBTS
every   Friday
evening
HI
8   1
Miners' Hall,
Nelson, E
. c
1
tin, Secy.
LOOAL TMIB, B. O., No. 31, 8. P. of O.
—Meets every third Saturday ln
month, at 7:30 p. m. E. Anderson,
Secretary; W. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer.
Unattached Comrades in the district
are earnestly requested to get ln touch
with Secretary, who wlll answer all
enquiries.
LOOAL CALGARY, ALTA., No. 4, B. P.
of C Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Heading Room. Labor Hall, T,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Maedonald,  Organizer,   Box   647.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9,
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome to call. H. 1.
Smith, Secy.
LOOAL  EDMONTON, ALTA.,  NO.  1,  B.
P. of C. Henrquarters 622 First St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Reading Room 19 open to the public free, front 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dolly.
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Bissett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, B. C, NO. 68—
LETTISH—Meets every second and
last Sunday tn the month, 2 p. tn.
E. J. Weinberg, 40 Ave., South Hill.
J. Schogart, Secretary, Box 1616,
Vancouver,  B.  C.
LOCAL VICTORIA, NO. 3,  .8. P. OP O.
Headquarters und Reading Room,
523 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m.- Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Tlieatre. R.
Thomas, Secretary.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,   NO.   8,  S.  P.   of   C.
meets every ulternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hull. Business meeting
ut 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box S26.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C.   HOLDS
educutlpnul meetings In the Miners'
Union Hail. Vletorlu Ave., Fernie, every Sunduy evening at 7:45. Business
meeting first Sunday In each month,
same place ->t 2:30 p, ni.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
LOCAL VEBNON, B. C, 38, 8. P. of C,
meets every second and last Friday in
each mouth. Chas. Chaney, Sec., Box
127   Vernon, B.  C.
LOCAL PBINCE RUPEBT, B. C, No. 63,
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday ln
hall in Empress Theater Block ut 2:00
p. m,   L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, NO. 18, 8. P. OP
C., meets every Sunday ln Ui-uhum's
Hull ut 10:30 u. m. Socialist speakers
are invited to call. V. Frodsliani, Secretary.
LOCAL MABA, B. C, NO. 34, S. P. Of C,
Meets first Sunduy In every month In
Spcinlist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Roscman,   Recording  Secretary.
LOCAL      BEVELBTOXE,      B.C.S.P.C.—
Propaganda and business meetings al
8 p. m. every Sunday evening in the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are invited to attend. B. F. Gayman, Se
cretary.
LOOAL LETHBRIDGE,, AXTA., NO. 13,
8. P. of O.—Meets 1st and 3M Sunday ln the month, at 4 p.m. in
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas.
Peacock, Box 1983.
LOCAL BBOINA NO. 6, SASKATCHEWAN.—Meets every Sunduy, 3 p.m.,
Trudes 1 Ia.ll, Scarth St. Secretary,
Alex. Watchman, General Delivery.
Socialist speakers will be greatly appreciated.
LOOAL WINNIPEG), 8. P. of C, HEAD-
qusrters, Kerr's Hull, 120 1-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite Roblln Hotel. Business meeting every Monday evening at
3 p in. Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.
Secretary, J. W. Milling, 270 Young
Street.
LOCAL TORONTO, ONT., NO. 114, 8. P.
OF C. Business meetings 2nd and
4th Wednesdays ln the month, at
the Lubor Temple, Church St. Outdoor propagundn meetings, Saturday,
8 p.m., City Hall; Sunduy afternoon,
3 p.m., ut University und Queen St.:
Sunday night, 8 p.m., at Slmter and
Vonge St. Speakers' Class every
Tliursduy, 8 p.m., at Headquarters,
79 Church St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOOAL BRANTFORD NO. 16, 8. P. OP
C.—Meets every Thursday ut 8 p.m.
at 252 Dulhousie St., for party business und economic class. Wage-workers invited. A. W, Baker, Secretary,
9 George St. W. Davenport, 141 Nelson St., Organizer. N.B.—No "leaders" wanted.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   P.   of  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday in
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Robert-
Allan hall, 78 Rldeau St. John Lyons,
Secretary, 43 Centre St.
LOCAL OLACE BAY NO. 1, OF N. 8	
Business und Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Mucdon-
uld's hull. Union Street. All ure welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretury, Gluce Hay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office in D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Street.
To Canadian  Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates wo are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review In Canada
J1.20 a year instead of 11.00. We
can. however, make the following
special offers:
For $3.00 we wlll mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mall len
copies of any one issue.
For 13.00 we will mail the Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
CHABLES H. KERB A COMPANY
134 West  Klnzie St., Chicago.
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Executive
Committee
"Slave of The Farm, "or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the publishing fund, $1.00
per 100, to others 26c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Profit," to subribers
to publishing fund $2 per 100, to others
30c per doz.
' 'Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"  to subscribers  to   publishing
fund $6 per 100, to others 75c por doz.
PRICE LI8T OF SUPPLIE8
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start  Local) $5.00
Membership Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application   blank
per 100  25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen        50
GREAT BOOKS BY
GREAT MEN
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    25c
The Rights of Man. Paine...   25c
The Story of Creation, Clodd 25c
Life of Jesus, Ronan    25c
Age of Reason, Paine     25c
Merrie England    20c
Ingersoll's Lectures, 1st, 2nd
and 3rd series  each 25c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust
Bldg.
JSi« THE CAFETERIA
305  Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
cooked.
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 PENDER
*®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®l SATURDAY, NOV. 19th, 1910.
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA,
Thraa
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
Tb'" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE.
14th,
Regular  meeting    November
1910.
Present Comrades Mengel (chairman), Karme, Morgan, Mathews, Peterson, Stebbing and the Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Manitoba Executive, Locals St. John,
N. B., Toronto, Sault Ste. Marie and
Nipigon, Ont., Brandon and Dauphin,
Man., Organizers Fillmore, Gribble
and O'Brien.
Receipts.
Maritime Executive $ 5.00
l^ocal   Nipigon         2.00
Local   South   Wellington,   Publishing Fund    -...    5.00
Geo. Toseland, Buttons     1.00
I Literature, South Wellington
$2.00; Fernie, $5.00; Brandon
$1.00       8.00
A. Waser, Fernie       1.00
C. Pelakais, Fernie       1.00
H. Slwert, Fernie 70
A.  Sallnek, Fernie 50
J. Adamson, Fernie 60
J. Fisher, Fernie 50
W. Stockholder, Fernle 50
,1. Pitruk, Fernle 50
R. Puckley, Fernie 25
J. Knowles, Fernle 50
D. Sheerer, Fernie        1.00
R. Phillips, Fernie       2.00
D. Paton, Fernie       5.00
H. Bentham, Fernie      2.00
A. McLaughlin, Fernie      2.00
T. Biggs, Fernie       1.00
FILLMORE REPORT3.
.otal    $21.00
Warrants authorized for Rent, $7.00;
[Light, 70c; Printing Envelopes, $4.25.
B.  C.   EXECUTIVE.
Regular   meeting   November   14th,
|1910.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealth with from
.''Locals Michel, Fernie, Sandon, Prince
i Rupert, Sointula, South Wellington,
I Victoria, New Westminster and from
| District Secretary Glldemeester.
Receipts.
Local Sointula  $20.00
Local South Wellington     5.00
Local Ladysmlth    10.00
Local Sandon        5.00
Local Prince Rupert, buttons...    1.00
Local Victoria, buttons     5.00
Local Michel       5.00
Local Vancouver      20.25
Total     $G8,25
FERNIE, B. C.
Comrade Editor—
Find enclosed money order of $9.50,
being amount due for card $3.00 and
bundle $6.50, as per bill.
Where did you get those figures of
the Nov. 1909 election for Fernie Riding, published In Clarion No. 604? They
are clean off the mark, the actual figures being: Ross 795, Harrington, 649,
Fisher, 405.
The official count on the present occasion has made quite a change on
the original figures.
On the first count Ross had 860;
Bennet 611.
The revised figures give Ross 828,
Bennett 603. This is due to the fact
that the entire vote at Crow's Nest
was thrown out, the Deputy Returning
Officer having failed to affix the official
mark on the ballot papers used.
At Corbin, the tendered ballot papers (ten in number) had been used
as ordinary ballot papers and were
discarded at the official count. Of
course the intention of the voters in
casting their ballot for each particular
candidate was plain enough, and the
original figures really give the voting
strength of the two parties.
Your censure of Fernle Comrades
for failing to send the figures giving
the election result is alright. I will
see that this is not overlooked in
future.
Yours in revolt,
D. PATON.
FINANCIAL   STATEMENT,   FERNIE
CAMPAIGN  FUND.
Moyie Local, S. P. of C $ 25.00
Hosmer   Local,    S.   P.  of   C,
Ukrainian       10.00
Michel Local, U. M. W. of A.... 150.00
Corbln Local, U. M. W. of A....    25.00
Nelson Local, S. P. of C     20.00
Vancouver   Local,   S. P. of C,
Finnish     11.00
Vancouver Local,   S. P. of C,
English  100 00
Corbin Local, S. P. ot C     16.00
Vancouver Local No. 2 S. P. of C.   10.00
Geo. Nlchels, Vancouver      2.00
Joe Lyon, Fernle 	
. Walter Clarkstone, Fernie ..
J. C. Turner, Fernie 	
Donald Blair, Fernie	
John Strachan, Fernie 	
John Mackie, Fernie	
James Higham, Fernie	
1.00
1.00
1.00
2.00
.50
.50
t.no
H. Parsons, Fernie   1.00
James Galloway, Fernie  ,50
Wm. Watkins, Fernle  2.00
Mrs. J. Lyons, Fernle  1.00
D. Sneddon, Fernie 25
A. Lees, Fernie   50
Anonymous, Fernle   1.00
O. Erickson, Fernie  1.00
J. Lancaster, Fernie   10.00
A Friend, Fernie   5.00
T. Mott, Fernle  5.00
H. Haydock, Fernie  1.00
Joe Grafton, Fernle    20.00
J. Edgar, Fernie   1.00
T. H. Wray, Fernie  2.50
T. Roland, Fernle   1.00
R. Tuttill, Fernie 50,
B. Clarkson, Fernie 25
J. Gibbons, Fernle 25
B. Jones, Fernle  '.       .25
A Friend, Fernie 25
Ukrainian Comrades, Corbin per
A. Kirkowsky       5.00
Henry Lehts, Corbin 50
Isaac Daniel, Corbin       1.00
John Williams, Corbln       1.00
W. Warren, Corbln      1.00
E. Shrudwick, Corbin       1.00
A Allen, Corbin       2.00
R. Jones,  Corbin        1.00
Thos. Connell, Corbln      1.00
Phil. Leonard, Corbin 1.00
G. Luck, Corbin        5.00
Frank Galiger, Corbin        5.00
Nat Howells,  Corbln     5.00
.Tom Evans, Corbin       5.00
Anonymous, Corbin       1.00
R. Milne, Corbin      1.00
Jas. McCulloch, Corbin       1.00
Collection, Corbin       12.75
A. Lindley, Creston      1.00
Collected, Bellevue per   J.   Oll-
phant: —
J. H. Robertson, Bellevue      1.00
J. Woulla, Bellevue       2.00
C. Stubbs, Bellevue          5.00
R. Llvett, Bellevue        1.00
T.  Phillips,  Bellevue          1.00
I. Davidson, Bellevue        1.00
I. Cardie, Bellevue      1.00
J. Burke, Bellevue      1.00
V. Sula, Bellevue       1.00
F. Hensome, Bellevue          1.00
J. H. Brownrigg, Bellevue       1.00
A. Bovlo, Bellevue        1.00
S. Lund, Bellevue         1.00
L   E. Drake, Bellevue         1.00
T. Burnett, Bellevue        1.00
J. Ollphant, Bellevue .'       1.00
P. Paul, Bellevue 50
.1. Ulevine, Bellevue 50
J. Lindsay, Bellevue 50
Local    Brantford,'   per    W.    A.
Baker    '       2.00
Anonymous, Calgary       2.00
J. E. Anderson, Dewsbury, Alta 1.00
W. H. Anderson, Dewsbury, Alta 1.00
AlbeH Tonkin, Dewsbury, Alta 1.00
Thos. Wakelam, Coleman, Alta 1.00
3. Tadey, Paulson, Boundary... 3.00
J. Stsinton, Paulson, Boundary. 2.00
F. Batchelor, Paulson, Boundary 4.00
M. .McKenzie, Paulson, Boundary        10.00
J. II. Burrough, Ladysmith       3.00
Collection, Coal Creek Meeting.    11.60
Literature sold         2.60
J. E. Smith, Coal Creek       5.00
Collection, Hosmer meeting     10.80
Collection, Waldo meeting      2.50
W. Higgins, Frank, Alta       1.00
Thos. Chambers, Frank, Alta...        .50
Geo. Ross, Frank, Alta      t .50
H. Smith, Coleman, Alta       1.00
Total    $580,56
uear Mac:—
I have delayed so long In writing a
report of my recent tour of the Marl-
time provinces as a party organizer
that I am almost ashamed to do so
now. I believe I reported my work In
Cape Breton.
Well, on September 2nd, after attending the regular business and propaganda meeting of Glace Bay local,I
left for Springhill. The meeting at
Glace Bay was a good one—well attended and much spirited discussion
over several subjects. Upon arriving
in Springhill I found things much the
same. The workers and the Coal company are still locked in the commodity
struggle and the Indications are that
It will continue for some time to come.
There are many workers ln revolt ln
Springhill, but they need a great deal
of Instruction and study before that
revolt will become intelligent.   There
EXPENDITURE.
Voters' Lists   $.11.00
Printing  157.50
Literature      12.10
Speakers Expenses    51.90
Hall Rents    63.00
Scrutineers Exes   101.05
Candidates Exes  33.00
Agents Exes     22.80
Stationery & Postage   14.15
Telegrams & Telephones   7.25
Livery    4.00
Total    $477.75
Total Receipts    $580.55
Total Expenditure   477.75
Balance in Hand $102.80
D. PATON,
Secretary.
66 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
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Patents taken turomih Munn A Co. receive
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nil newsdt-iilcri.
MlVij.™*""*"' New York
•",,... f*n ,  a,   (*>aj<*iliiv-r>ti "t  1
are several good Comrades there who
are carrying on the propaganda however, and the men are awakening slowly to the fact that their fight for "higher wages" is merely the kick put up by
slaves for a little more hash and that
whichever way the strike turns out
they won't get the hash. They are beginning to discover that it is not because the Cumberland Railway & Coal
Company has a "bad" manager that
they are starved and oppressed by
their masters. They begin to see that
wage slavery is the cause. The enslavement of the toilers of industry
by the shirking owners of Industry and
they will, ere long, strike at the root
of their enslavement—the capitalist
system.
No meeting was arranged at Springhill but the writer expects to hold one
there within a week or two.
On Sept. 29th, I went to Halifax,
where I was met by several Comrades
at the depot and hustled to the Masonic Temple where a meeting had been
advertised. A goodly crowd attended
and we had a good meeting. At the
close a hot discussion was evoked in
which John I. Jay, the I. L. P. candidate, a sky pilot and several others
took part. The Herald and Evening
Mail of the next day favored us with
a two-column header and on the whole
their reports were very good.
On Oct. 3rd I arrived in St. John, N.
B., where I was met by Comrade Hyatt
the energetic organizer of St. John
local. I renewed old acquaintance
with him, having met him four years
ago during the "depression" ln Cat
gary, when he was a temperance
"crank" of considerable oratorical
powers. At that time he and the
writer raised a bit of a row with the
unemployed of Calgary. The evening
of the 3rd, a meeting was held at the
Socialist hall, 141 Mill street, Comrade
Taylor, an English Comrade took the
chair. At the close many questions
were asked. A meeting was announced for the evening of the 5th. This
meeting on the 5th was more largely
attended than the first. Comrades
Hyatt, Eastwood and myself spoke.
The subject was "Armies and their
uses in Modern Society." Short reports of the meetings were published
in several of the local dallies. St. John
local ls taking advantage of the local
press in every possible way which is,
I think, highly commendable. The local is now quite thoroughly alive and
wlll continue so I believe.
On Oct. 6th I entrained for Newcastle, the home of Comrade Stuart.
Here a meeting was advertised for the
evening of the 7th. The meeting was
poorly attended, not a single member
of the local appearing. Com. Stuart
was on hand, he being a member of
Fredericton local. A state of terrorism exists here, the population being
largely Roman Catholic 'and therefore greatly prejudiced against Socialism. Lots of straightforward literature Is needed In Newcastle and a'so,
in the opinion of the writer, the Socialists there must get over their fear
of giving the workers a real rude jolt
once In a while. The Jolt Is needed.!
There is such a thing as sugar-coating
a pill so effectively that its use Is stultified and I think this has happened In
Newcastle. Here In the East the big
problem is how to get at the Roman
Catholic worker and particularly Is
this true of Newcastle, where probably
seventy-five per cent, of the population
is under the thumb of the clergy.
On the 11th I returned home, having finished my organizing for the party
for the present. *On the whole I can
say that I have found a much better
movement in the Maritime Provinces
'than I had expected—particularly in
Cape Breton. Glace Bay local has the
best bunch of well-informed Socialists
that I have ever met, and the campaign
that they are carrying on at present
is absolutely free from vote-catching
tricks of any and all kinds. The campaign is purely educational and the
one issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. There has been no silly talk
about robbery ln consumption, high
prices, government ownership, municipal ownership or any other red herring. Comrade McKinnon, the candidate, Is a one time miner and he Is not
a "friend of the workers" but Is a
worker himself and a thoroughly class
conscious one at that.
In very many places In the East
Socialism Is as yet an unknown prob
lem. There is a tendency in many
more enlightened sections such as
British Columbia and Alberta to flnd a
lot of fault with those in the East. But
I venture to say that not a single organizer in the West has ever had to
go up against the raw, crude material
that every stray Socialist has had to
go up againBt here in the Conservative
East.' Its mighty true that there are
trimmers and step-at-a-tlme men in the
movement in the East. But is there a
larger percentage of them than there
ls West" Personally I want to say
that I am, so far as I know, a revolutionist. I am absolutely opposed to
every form of compromise, I hold labor
party politics worse than hell. In so
far as I know Marx I am a Marxist.
But I am not dependent upon a local
employer for my bread and butter. No
amount of antagonism aroused against
me in my tour can cut off my bread
supply. Place the writer or any of the
other howling "Reds" of the West in
a little conservative town in the East
where they are dependent upon the
bounty of a local 2x4 employer and
then watch him, and in spite ot his
honest purpose he will in time become
a trimmer. The environment will in
time have its inevitable effect.
The anti-religious campaign being
carried on by Comrade Barltz, Budden, et al., has aroused a protest ln
the East, not because there are no real
Socialists here as some Comrades Insinuate, but because these Eastern
Comrades are up against a different
sort of a worker—a priest-ridden work-
er. Their environment has had an
effect upon their Ideas as it must in
the long run. These Comrades have
not catered to the church—they have
simply ignored its insults and antagonism and have gone on their way pointing out the enslavement of the workers and the cure. Once interested the
workers quickly discover the role the
Church and meta-physlcians are playing and the church mighty soon loses
them.
In spite of the things that are from
time to time said of us we are doing
our best to spread the message and
the movement in the East is in the
main clear and active. I have just one
kick to put up and that is—there is a
deplorable lack of interest in pushing
the party paper and Comrades everywhere In the East, the writer among
them, should feel heartily ashamed
over it. I found it Impossible to obtain any subs, for the Clarion myself.
Other Comrades, however, gathered up
a few ln parts at the meetings. But I
must admit that so far the Party paper
Is concerned the tour was a failure. I
must also admit that I myself am a
failure as a sub-gatherer. Guess I'd
better ring off before I make any more
damaging admissions.
Qours in Revolt,
ROSCOE A. FILLMORE.
KARL   MARX   AND
GEORGE  HOWELL
(Continued from Page 1)
Bukunln, and calling Itself Section des
Athees Socialistes, requested its admission to the International from the
General Council, but got the reply.
'Already in the case of the Young
Men's Christian Association the Council has declared that it recognizes no
theological sections." (See page 13 of
"Les pretendues scissions dans l'lnter-
natlonale Clrculairc du Consell General," printed at Geneva.)
Even Mr. George Howell, at that
time not yet become a convert by
close study of the "Christian Reader,"
consummated his divorce from the
International, not at the call of the
'Religious Idea," but on grounds
altogether secular. At the foundation
of the "Commonwealth" as the "special organ" of the General Council, he
canvassed keenly the "proud position"
of editor. Having failed in his "ambitious" attempt, he waxed sulky, his
zeal grew less and Icsb, and soon after
he was no more heard of. During the
most eventful period of the International he was therefore an outsider.
Conscious of his utter Incompetence
to trace the history of the Association
but at the same time eager to spice
his article with strange revelations, he
catches at Ihe appearance, during Ihe
Fenian troubles, of General Cluseret
In London, where, we are told, at the
Black Horse, Rathbone Place, Oxford
street, the General met "a few men—
fortunately Englishmen," in order to
initiate Ihem into his "plan" of "a
general insurrection." I have some
reason to doubt the genuineness of
the anecdote, but suppose It to be
true, what else would It prove but
that Cluseret was not such a fool as
to intrude his person and his "plan"
upon the General Council, but kept
both of them wisely In reserve for
"a few Englishmen" of Mr. Howell's
acquaintance, unless the latter himself be one ot these stout fellows In
buckram who, by their "fortunate" Interference, contrived to save the British Empire and Europe from universal
convulsion?
Mr. George Howell has another dark
secret to disclose.
At the beginning of June, 1871, the
General Council put forth an "Address
on the Civil War In France," welcomed
on the part of the I/mdon press by
a chorus of execration. One weekly
fell foul of "the    Infamous    author,"
cowardly concealing his name behind
the screen of the General Council.
Thereupon I declared in the Daily
News that I was the author. This
stale secret Mr. George Howell reveals
in July, 1878, with all the consequentially of the man behind the curtain.
"The writer of that address was Dr.
Karl Marx. . . . Mr. George Odger
and Mr. Lucraft, both of whom were
members of the Council when it (sic !)
was adopted, repudiated It on Its publication." He forgets to add that the
other nineteen British members present acclaimed the "Address."
Since then, the statements of this
"Address" have been fully borne out
by the "Enquetes" of the French Rural
Assembly, the evidence taken before
the Versailles Courts-Martial, the trial
of Jules Favre, and the memoirs of
persons far from hostile to the victors.
It is in the natural order of things
that an English historian ot Mr, George
Howell's sound erudition should
haughtily Ignore French prints, whether official or not. But I confess to
a feeling of disgust when, on such occasions, for Instance as the Hodel and
Noblllng attempts, I behold great London papers fulminating the base calum.
nies which their own correspondents,
eye-witnesses, had been the first to
refute.
Mr. Howell reaches the climax o[
snobbery in his account of the exchequer of the General Council.
The Council, in its published "Report
to the Congress of Bale" (1869), ridicules the huge treasure with which
the busy tongue of the European police
and the wild imagination of the capitalist had endowed it. It says, "If these
people, though good Christians, had
happened to live at the time of nascent
Christianity, they would have hurried
to a Roman bank there to pry into St.
Paul's balance." M. Ernest Renan,
who, lt is true, falls somewhat short
of Mr. George Howell's standard of
orthodoxy, even fancies the state of
the primitive Roman Empire might be
best Illustrated by that of the International sections.
Mr. George Howell, as a writer, Is
what the crystallographer would call
a -f'pseudomorph," his outer form of
penmanship being but imitative of the
manner of thought and style "natural"
to the English moneyed man of sated
virtue and solvent morals. Although
he borrows his array of figures as to
the resources of the General Council
from his 'imitative" dignity by Btoop-
Ing to touch the obvious question:
How came It to pass that, Instead ot
taking comfort from the lean budgets
of the General Council, all the Governments of Continental Europe took
fright at "the powerful and formidable organization of the International
Working Men's Association, and the
rapid development it had attained iu
a few years?" (See "Circular of the
Spanish Foreign Minister to the
representatives of Spain in Foreign
Countries.") Instead of laying the
Spectre by the simple process of shaking In its face the sorry returns of the
General Council, why, in the name of
common sense, did the Pope and his
bishops exorcise the International, the
French Rural Assembly outlaw It, Bismarck at the Salzburg meeting of the
Emperors of Austria and Germany
threaten It with a Holy Alliance crusade, and the White Czar commend it
to his terrible "Third Division," then
presided over by the emotional
Schouvaloff?
Mr. George Howell condescends'to
admit: "Poverty ls no crime, but It
Is fearfully Inconvenient." I admit,
he speaks by book.   The prouder he
m*Vt
ere and Tfow
By Spes.
Bundles,   Etc.
Local  Brantford, per Baker...
ought to have felt of his former fel-   Local  New  Westminster,  per
Work is a peculiar form of human
activity performed only by slaves.
Rulers, gentlemen, and "best citizens"
do not work. They "devote their energies to securing" the most advantageous position at the festive board
where labor's cooked goose is to be
siloed.
.   .   •
"Money is the root of all evil." In
that case, ItB mission must be to
cleanse and purify the working class
by the absent treatment.
"Virtue is its own reward." On the
other hand a man's virtues are very
often determined by the size of his
"reward."
• •   •
If modern civilization and the right
of citizenship thereunder are based on
private property, then the workingman
possesses absolutely no "rights" In
that civilization for to him property,
private or otherwise, is unknown.
• • •
Howls about "thieving administrators" and for a "purer" government are
ln the Interests of the taxpayers.
Taxes have undergone thousands of
fluctuations but the relation of wages
to the life of the laborer has always
been the same. That wages represent
the bare means of subsistence of the
worker is not only an academic economic truth, but a self-evident, everyday
fact that wlll be verified by even the
best paid of the working class.
The attacks upon Americans in
Mexico will be construed by our puerile
peddlers of piety as being due to the
unregenerated minds of untutored
savages. There is about one billion
dollars of American capital invested ln
Mexico, in view of which one may be
pardoned for suggesting that Mexican possibly regret the lovely dividends on this tidy sum which radiate
across the border. The uprising ts
very probably due to Mexican business
men who resent American competition,
wishing to reserve to themselves the
right to rob their own countrymen
when and how they please. Many an.
individual who reaps profits from Investments in Mexico will hold up his
hands in holy horror at these "awful
atrocities" and tearfully "thank the
good Lord for the peace and prosperity
which He is pleased to bestow upon
this our glorious Dominion."
«   .   .
War may be hell, but It is more exciting than work, and, judging from
the portions of human beings to be
seen around every city who have been
carved up Industrially, It is not quite
so  dangerous.
•    •    *
The socialist objection to war is the
same as that, entertained toward work
—both the fighting and the work is
done in the interests of those who do
neither.
...
The following subs have been gathered this week:
A. F. Cobb, Laconie, Alta  5
Smith"     4
F. J. McNey, N'akusp, B. C  2
J. Harrington, Fernie    2
W. Pendleton, Toronto, Ont  2
A. F.. Higgins, Brandon, Man  2
A. M. Oliver, Nelson, B. C  2
bundle
lowshlp with a Working Men's Association, which won world-fame and a
place in the history of mankind, not
by length of purse, but by strength
of mind nnd unselfish energy.
However, from the lofty standpoint
of an insular "Philistine," Mr. George
Howell reveals to the "cultured people"
of the "Nineteenth Century" that the
International was a "failure,'' and has
faded away. In reality, the Social-'
Democratlc working nion'H parties, organized on more or less national
dimensions, in Germany, Switzerland,
Denmark, Portugal, Italy, Belgium,
Holland and the United States of America, form as many International
groups, no longer single sections thinly
scattered through different countries
and held together by an eccentric General Council, but the working masses
themselves In continuous, active, direct
intercouiBe, cemented by exchange of
thought, mutual services and common
aspiration.
After the fall of the Paris Commune,
all working-class organization In
France was of course temporarily
broken, but Is now in an Incipient
state of re-forming. On the other
hand, despite all political and social
obstacles, the Slavs, chiefly in Poland,
Bohemia and Russia, participate at
present In this international movement
to an extent not to be foreseen by the
most sanguine In 1872. Thus, instead
of dying out, the International did
but pass from Its fir3t period of incubation to a higher one whero its
already original tendencies have in
part become realities. In the course
of Ils progressive development, it will
yet have to undergo many a change
before the last chapter of its history
can be written.
Hogg  bundle
W. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta..bundle
Manitoba  Prov.  Ex card
...
Singles.
J. V. Hull, Port Moody, B. C;  Joe
DeMayer, Stewart, H.C.; J. C. Burgess,
Vancouver;   E.   Dlckman,  Vancouver;
A. Helmo, Appleton, Wis.; James
Roberts, Moyie, li. C.I George Howell,
Calgary, Alta.; W. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta.; J. I.. Thornley, Plncher
Creek, Alia.; Peter F. Olsen, Red Doer,
Alta.; W. II. S., Winnipeg; TIiob. E.
Mason, Montreal; Geo. Gilbert, Sault
Ste. Marie, Ont.; Geo. Penfold, Guelph,
Out.; C. Routcllffe, Toronto, Ont.; Wm.
Swanson, Edmonton; W. II. Vollans,
Calgary;   J. W.  Wlntersteen,  N'akusp,
B. C.| W. H. Moore, Nanalmo, B. C;
It. It. Kerr, Kelowna, B, C; J. E.
Johnson, Enderby,  B, C.
JUST THE COMMON PEOPLE.
After all its not the music
And the stirring Marshall song
Or the gaily flaunting banners,
Or the wildly cheering throng.
It's tne soldier In the Saddle
Or the Soldier on the trail,
Just the common soldier fighting
That In time will tell (ue tale,
He It Is who wins the conflict,
Though his name shall n'er go down
Through the endless ages ringing,
Coupled with the proud renown.
Yes, Its just the common people,.
At the plow or at the gun,
That must bear the nation onward,
Till our liberty is won.
—A Raymond. THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUV   ER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, NOV. 19th, 1910.
The Struggle
Existence
Introductory
For
In the small space which is at my disposal, It
is of course, impossible lo deal with this subject
in as comprehensive or detailed a manner as could
be desired. The most, Indeed, that can be done
is to sketch a broad outline. It will be our endeavor throughout to avoid, as far as possible,
technical terms and phraseology while, at the same
time, keeping as near as possible in line with the
known scientific facts of evolution.
Struggle for Existence.
The history of the human race may be consld
ered as the history of a struggle for existence. In
using the words "history of the human race, we
refer to what may be termed the real or fundamental history or the human race. The ' histories," or so-called histories, with which most of
us are more or less acquainted, by reason of our
school-book lessons, can not be seriously considered by a student. We find, therein, in fact, nothing or next to nothing of real importance. These
records of wars, great men, kings, queens, emperors, etc., do not in any sense make up the history
of humanity. They can, at best, be regarded as
affording us but momentary glances into the life
of society—interesting to a certain extent, perhaps,
but in reality of very little importance to us, as
workers.
What is it then, that gives us the real story of
the progress of the human, race? This real history,
as I before said is that of a struggle for existence—or, in other words, of a struggle to get
those things which would enable us to live. The
first thing necessary to support human life is food.
Man is an animal. He must eat to live. Cut him
off from a food supply and he dieB. The struggle
for existence was, and even, now is, therefore, primarily a struggle to get something to eat; although, in a larger sense, it may be said to have
been and to be a struggle to obtain as large a portion as possible of the whole of whatever is
produced.
It is not my intention- in this little work to go
very far back into the history of the human race,
to endeavor to trace the descent of man, or to
inquire into our relationship with the other members of the animal kingdom. Scientists, who
have studied the question, are, it appears, almost unanimously of opinion that the human animal is merely a highly developed type, very closely
related to other advanced types. An inquiry into
this, however, does not come within our province
at the present time.
The struggle for existence has been already presented as a struggle for the primary necessity of
life—for food. Now food does not come to man
without effort. We must go and find, procure or
produce our food before we can eat. The same
with clothing and shelter and all the many things
we human animals need. They, too, have to be
made or produced. The struggle for existence
ls therefore a struggle to produce—using the
word produce in a sense of get, or obtain. The
problem the human race have had to solve is,
lt follows, ln the first place a problem of production.
Now It wlll he readily acknowledged that today society, or, to be more correct, the working
class can and do produce ail that is required to
satisfy their material needs. This is possible, because of the vast and wonderful machinery of
production (for production, as you will readily
see, depends upon tools or machines) which we
have mow. To understand how the problem of
production haa been solved we must briefly review the history of human development.
Hunting Animals.
Our savage ancestors were primarily a hunting
people. They had no civilization, as we understand the word. Their mentality was limited.
Their tools were crude. They had no written language. They lived on fish and game, which they
procured with rude hunting weapons, and such
edible roots and berries as they could find. Their
dwellings were caves and tree tops. The most
important things to these hunting tribes were
their hunting weapons. The first thing necessary to improve their condition, to make them
more secure, to enable them to get a living easier, would be Improved hunting weapons. The
first inventions were probably along this line.
Indeed, we can go further. We can say with
certainty, on the evidences of primitive hunting
weapons belonging to these distant periods, that
the first improvement, or, if you refer to use the
word, inventions, were in connection with hunting weapons. Each of these Improvements being
something which enabled these primitive ancestors of ours to obtain more food, or a better living, was something gained, was a victory won for
them in their struggle for existence—was a step
taken bringing them nearer to a solution of the
problem of production.
Domestication of Animals.
Another great advance was made with the domestication of animals. It is hard to say exactly,
when or how the lesson was learned that it was
better or easier to keep animals in captivity, and
breed them for consumption, instead of allowing
them to run wild and hunting them.
Agriculture.
A third momentous event was the discovery (if
one mas use that term) of agriculture. How this
came about we can only assume. All we know is
that, whereas, at one period we find the human
race knowing apparently nothing of agriculture,
we find them at another, and slightly later period,
planting and in a rude way cultivating berry
bushes and patches of tuberous roots. With the
period in which the practice or knowledge of agriculture had become more or less common we find
ourselves in a position which enables us to speak
with greater accuracy and detail. The human race
is now in a much better condition. It has, as we
might say, got fairly started.
For a considerable period in history we have the
major part of the human family devoting themselves principally to agricultural and pastoral
pursuits. We find, as time goes on, larger areas
of land coming under cultivation and tremendous
numerical increases of the flocks and herds.
Wealth at a certain period was reckoned In terms
of so many cattle, sheep or goats, or so much
corn. There are still a few Interesting survivals
ot this era in existence in the shape of the nomadic tribes of Asia.
Commerce.
With the widening of human activity, the increasing of human desires—due to the greater
productivity of the race we find commerce growing up. Earlier exchanges were probably confined to what may be, for simplicity's sake, called
"natural" products. Certain countries, that is to
say, would be more favorably situated for the
growth of certain grains or the pasturing of certain animals. Others would be better suited for
other purposes. These facts would naturally lead
to an interchange of these articles between such
peoples, tribes, races or individuals.
Manufacture and Industry.
Manufacture and industry may be roughly considered as embracingatbe processes by which certain natural products of the earth (the therm "natural products" is perhaps not scientifically correct here yet we use it for lack of a better) which
in a crude or natural, shape and form are of no
use are converted or changed by human effort into other and useful forms and shapes—forms and
shapes, that is, rendering them suitable for human
consumption or fitting them to supply some human
need. Probably this can be best illustrated by a
concrete example.
Take one of the "natural" resources of the earth,
the mineral deposits. Iron ore in a crude state is
no use to us. But by the application of labor
power, that is to say, by "working it up"—it is
transformed into useful articles. With the discovery or realization of the use, potentialities of iron ore would come, naturally enoubh,
the desire to take advantage of these properties—
to materialize these use potentialities through a
certain process by the application of labor-power.
This would of necessity result in the coming into
existence of a certain section of the tribes, races
or peoples who would devote themselves to this,
and in the inauguration of what might be called
a primitive industry—a thing which actually did
happen. The same was true of other things, such
as the processes which had for their object the
turning of a "natural" product, wool into a manufactured article—a garment of some kind.
With the further development of human activity
thought and intelligence, and the opening up of
communication between different sections of the
world, we find corresponding increases in the de
mand for manufactured articles, and, therefore,
as a natural result, an increasing proportion of
the people engaged in manufacturing or industrial
pursuits.
The development of industry is a study of intense and engrossing interest. Let us examine industry for a few minutes. It appears that we can
take two factors into consideration in the manufacture of articles. Of course we are aware that
the great active factor in all production is the
labor-power of the workers, but It is not our
province to discuss this here. Apart from labor-
power and raw material we flnd two important
things, machinery and motive power. The history of the development of industry Is a history
of improvements to machinery and lessons learnt
tending toward and culminating in the discovery
and  utilization  of  more  powerful  motive  forces.
In the beginning of the industrial era we flnd
the machines or tools used In wealth production
to have been very primitive and crude. They
were. In fact, hand tools, operated or used by
individual units of the human race.
Improvements In  Machinery.
With the increasing demand for manufactured
goods, however, these crude Instruments or tools
of production were unable to do the work and
were superseded by others, capable of turning out
or producing a greater number of articles. These
later machines of production, being more complex, larger and heavier it naturally follows that
great difficulty was experienced in operating them
by hand. Various Interesting experiments and
devices to obtain a higher motive power than that
represented by the muscular strength of the
human unit were tried. We need only refer, in
passing, to the use of animals, the utilization of
running streams, and various instances of appliances on the same principle as our modern windmills.
Steam,  Electricity, etc.
Perhaps the most momentous event in the
history of production was the discovery of steam
and its utilization as a motive power. Hand
labor and individual production is now doomed,
and industrial machinery hereafter develops with
almost bewildering rapidity; a process still further accelerated by the discovery and utilization
of electric power. The more recent developments
are, in outline at least, known to all of us, and it is
needless to examine them in detail.
With the twentieth century the problem of
production may be said to be a problem no longer.
It has been solved. It has been solved by the
machine. We have reviewed the, history of our
race from its infancy. We have seen the battle
of life won so far as production is concerned.
Man, if we may say it so, has conquered nature.
And yet, for us of the working class, there can be
no ceasing in the struggle. We can claim no
victory. A second fight yet remains to be fought,
a second phase of the struggle for existence—a
struggle of master and man, of slave and slaveowner, the modern class struggle.
Man Against Man.
Just as individual struggle or warfare Implies
individuals fighting or struggling for supremacy,
so class struggles imply hostile and struggling
classes. To have a class struggle in the world
we must have a society divided along class lines.
In examining the early communal organizations
we find no class struggle. This was because they
knew no class divisions. Of tribal or clan war
they knew something, but this was all.
These primitive clans or tribes afford us a
glimpse of a crude social organization in which
practically the whole of the tribe or clan were
producers. With the possible exception of a kind
of priestly cult or craft we flnd each and every Individual capable of doing so taking part in hunting,
fishing and other tribal pursuits. The division of
the product was conducted, roughly speaking, on
the principle of distributing or giving to the various individuals composings the clan enough to
satisfy his or her needs.
Primitive Communism Unmarked by Slavery.
Primitive communism is, so far as we can
learn, unmarked by any form of class slavery or
servitude. This may be considered to be due to the
fact that hunting and fishing—the principle ways
of getting a living—were pursuits in which the
employment of slaves or captive workers would
have been, for obvious reasons, a matter of great
difficulty, if not of absolute impossibility. The
communal clans sometimes took prisoners In their
tribal wars, and, doubtless, if they could have
seen any way to make anything out of these captives they would have done so. As It was, however, no such way being open they, it appears,
generally served them (the prisoners) as the piece
de resistance at a cannibal banquet.
(Continued in  Next Issue)
THE BURNING OF BRANDON
ASYLUM.
Maybe you want convincing you are
master class? The hours you will
work per day, and the wages you must
Friday, Nov. 4th, there was a big have? No you don't. Why? You are
blaze at the home of the used-up wage' a peddler with only one commodity to
slaves. A continual stream of people sell, that is your labor-power. What
were going to witness the sight. Wage you receive from your master is the
plugs were shanking it as usual,1 my- market price of that commodity. When
self included, as it ls about two miles the market becomes glutted, that Is
from town. iwhen there are more sellers than buy-
On reaching there I was Informed by ] ers prices go down. Then what does
a wise wage plug that the padded room jthe master do? He looks wise, throws
prepared for members of Local Bran-! out his chest, and states his terms,
don was burned out too. What a good I The hours you must work and the wag-
thing that is; Local Brandon is Bwell- es you have to accept. He holds you
ing rapidly.   The next time they build up with the pistol of starvation.
they can extend the room for us.
Among the spectators were bricklayers, carpenters, concrete-workers
and several other grades of slaves,
some with smiling faces and none looking very dull. While passing through
the crowd I heard several scraps of
conversation such as "Looks like a
good year next," "A good job for
those that get on It," Sure to build a
fireproof building next time," "They
will extend it too," "They may not
build here again." This last remark
made some look downhearted.
Poor unfortunate slaves. Don't
know enough to release your bonds. Always looking forward to the worker's
prosperity (lots of work). That's
what it means, food and clothing of
the meanest and little better than a
hog-pen for shelter. When will you
get wise to this skin-game? When
will you quit building palaces, turning
them over to the capitalist parasites
that  are   sucking  your   life's   blood?
O, you mules! There is a saying
that experience makes fools wise. I
almost doubt it. Haven't you workers
had enough experience producing
wealth abundant for a class of shirkers to make you geniuses? Yet you
still remain asses. Always kicking,
you are, but never to a purpose.
Now, workers, get those long fingernails busy in your scalps and think a
little. While your labor-power remains
a commodity on the market governed
by supply and demand, your position
will be just as bad as, or worse, than
to-day. We must collectively own the
machinery of wealth production and
produce for use and not for profit. That
means no more of the so-called charity we have today for the workers
thrust down by this capitalist system.
No masters, no slaves. The worker
must live, not merely exist. The shirker must get busy or die.
D. FRANCE.
SNAP SALE OF COAST ACREAGE.
$800 down and balance 1200 a year,
with interest at 7 per cent., secures
twenty acres of land at Gibson's Landing, Howe Sound, within easy distance
of Vancouver. This land is opposite the
postofllce at Gibson's .Landing, and the
property adjoining has been sold ln 50-ft.
lots at 1200 and $300 a lot. It is uncleared cedar stumps. Owner forced to
sell at a sacrifice. Gibson's Landing is
a famous summer resort and shooting
ground; also an Ideal place for small
farming.
For particulars address
L. T. E„ Western Clarion.
Box 1688, Vancouver.
MANITOBA PROVINCIAL F.XECUTIVE
COMMITTEE NOTICE—This card Is
inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretury, W. H. Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, Winnipeg,
License to an Extra Provincial Company.
COMPANIES ACT.
(July 1st, 1910.)
Canada; Province of British Columbia.
No. 230A  (1910).
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Union-made Cigars.
t 'Jawaahma
IWtea «nn*maisre,
PM
*"•* smut
KZ
Which Stands for a Living Wt^t
Vancouver Local  S67.
BRP
This Is to certify that American Road
Machine Company of Canada, Limited,
is authorized and licensed to carry on
business within the Province of British
Columbia, and to carry out or effect all
or any of the objects of the Company to
which the legislative authority of the
Legislature of British Columbia extends.
The head office of the Company is situate at the Town of Goderich, County of
Huron,  Ontario, Canada.
The head office of the Company in this
Province is situate at Vancouver, and
Norman B. Mancll, Sales Agent, whose
address is Vnncouver aforesaid, is the
attorney for the Company.
The amount of the capital of the Com
pany is One Hundred Thousand Dollars,
divided into Two Thousand shares.
Given under my hand and Seal of Office at Victoria, Province of British Columbia,   this   seventh   day   of  November,
one thousand nine hundred and ten.
(L.S.)       D.  WHITESIDE,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
The objects for which this Company
has  been established and  licensed  are:
To manufacture, sell and operate all
kinds of road building machinery;
To manufacture and sell all kinds of
machinery or tools composed in whole or
in   part  of iron  or  steel  or  into  which
Given under my hand and Seal of Office at Victoria, Province of British Columbia,   this  seventh  day of November,
one thousand nine hundred and ten.
(L.S.) D. WHITESIDE,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
The objects for whicli this Company
has been established and licensed ure:
To enter into and carry into effect
either with or without modifications and
Agreement which has already been prepared and is expressed to be made between John Forbes Maguire of the one
part and the Comjiany of the other-
part, a copy whereof has for the purpose of Identification been endorsed with
the signature of Sydney John Henry
Knight, a Solicitor of the Supreme
Court. The basis on whicli the Company
i- established is that the Company
shall acquire the premises comprised in
the said Agreement on the terms therein
set forth, subject to modifications (If
any) as aforesaid, and that the said
John Forbes Maguire and other persons
or some of them in the said Agreement
named are to be first Directors of the
Company, and accordingly it shall be
no objection to the Agreement that the
said John Forbes Maguire and or such
other person or persons as Vendors,
Promoters, and Directors stand In a
fiduciary position towards the Company,
or that tliere Is not in the circumstances constituted an independent
Board, and every member of the Company, present and future, is to be deemed to join the Company on this basis:
To undertake and carry on in Great
Britain, abroad and the colonies, any
business transaction or operation commonly undertaken or carried on by financiers, promoters of companies, underwriters, concessionaires, capitalists, merchants or agents:
. To purchase, or otherwise acquire, use,
exercise, develop, or otherwise turn to account, any interests In any trade marks,
designs, patents, brevet'sd invention, licenses, concessions and the like, conferring an exclusive or non-exclusive or
non-exclusive or limited right to use, or
any secret or other information as to any
Invention or article which may seem to
the Directors, capable of being profitably dealt with:
To institute, enter into, carry on, assist or participate In financial, commercial, mercantile. Industrial, manufacturing, mining, and other businesses, works,
contracts and undertakings, and financial
operations of all kinds:
To purchase or otherwise acquire, hold,
sell, exchange, turn to account, dispose of
and deal ln real and personal property of
all kinds, and ln particular British, for-
.elgn, and colonial lands, buildings, hereditaments, business concerns, and undertakings, mortgages, charges, annuities,
patents, patent rfghts, copyrights, licenses, securities, grants, charters, concessions, leases, contracts, policies, hook
debts and claims, and any interest in real
or personal property, and any claims
against such property or against any
persons or property, and to finance anil
carry on any business concern or undertaking so acquired:
To subscribe, form, buy, otherwise acquire, hold, sell exchange, dispose of and
operate in any manner whatsoever. In
shares, stocks, bonds, debenture stocks or
obligations, or any kind or form or security of any nature of this Company, so far
as the same is permitted or may be hereafter permitted by law, or of any other
Company, whether British colonial, or
foreign, or of any authority supreme,
municipal, local or otherwise:
To guarantee the payment of money secured by or payable under or in respect
of bonds, debentures, debenture stock,
contracts, mortgages, charges, obligations and securities of any company,
whether British, colonial, or foreign, or
of any authority, supreme, municipal, local or otherwise, or of any persons
whomsoever, whether corporate or unln-
corporate:
To furnish and provide deposits and
guarantee funds required in relation to
any tender or application for any contract, concession, decree, enactment,
property or privilege, or in the relation
to the carrying out of any contract, concession,  decree,  or enactment:
To lend money to any persons and on
any terms, to draw, accept, endorse, discount, issue, buy, sell and deal. In bills
of exchange, promissory notes, drafts,
bills of lading, coupons, warrants, and
other negotiable instruments, and buy,
sell, and deal In bullion, specie and coin:
To borrow or raise money for the purposes of the Company in such manner
and upon such terms as may seem expedient and to secure the repayment thereof by redeemable or irredemable bonds,
debentures or debenture stock (such
bonds, debentures, debenture stock being
made payable to bearer or otherwise,
and Issuable or payable either at par
or at a premium or discount) or by mortgages, scrip certflcates, bills of exchange
or promissory notes, or by any other instrument, or in such manner as may be
determined, and for such purposes to
charge all or any part of the property of
he Company, both present and future. Including its uncalled capital:
To make donat ions to such persons
and in such cases, and either of cash or
other assets, as may he thought directly
or Indirectly conducive to any of the
Company's objects, or otherwise expedient, and to subscribe or guarantee
money for charitable or benevolent objects, or for any exhibition, or for any
public general or other object:
To enter Into any arrangement with
any government or authorities, supreme,
municipal, local or otherwise, and to obtain from any such government or authority any rights, concessions, charters,
and privileges which may be thought
conducive to the Company's objects or
any of them:
To purchase or acquire and otherwise
undertake all or any part of the business, property or goodwill and liabilities
of any company, corporation, society,
partnership or persons carrying on or
about to carry on, any business which
this Company Is authorized to carry on,
or which is in any respect similar to
the objects of this Company, or which is
capable of being conducted so as directly
or indirectly to benefit the Company or
other
*s   of  uny  L-uni-
may  in<  alter
ing money thereto upon debentures, securities, property oi- otherwise, and
rurther to pay out of the funds of the
Company all expenses of and incident
to the formation, registration, advertising nnd establishment of am- other company, and to the issue and subscription
., ,,„ K'""'<* ,or loan capital, including
brokerage nnd commissions for obtaining applications, for, or placing, or guaranteeing the placing „f the shares, or
any debentures, debenture stock, or other
securities of this or any other company,
J llsS ""  the expenses attending the
.Hni'i "f '"iy olrou-ar "'• no«ce, or the
printing,   stamping   and   circulating   of
Proxies or forms to be filled up by the
Members of this, or connected with any
other   company,   and   to   undertake   th'«-
management   and   secretarial
Work,   duties   and   liuslne
pany  on such  terms  as
mined:
To obtain or in any way assist In obtaining any Provisional Order or Act of
Parliament or other necessary authority
for enabling this or any other company
to carry any of Its objects Into effect
or for effecting any modification of this
or uny other company's constitution: to-
procure this or any other company to be
legalised, registered or Incorporated, If
necessary In accordance with the laws of
any country or state In which It may or
inuy propose to carry on operations
To distribute any of the properly or
assets of the Company among the mem-
Sfr?',in.fPecle 0|- other-vise, and on any
distribution or surplus assets, to divide
the same among the members otherwise
than In accordance with their strict legal
To do all or any of the above things
in any part of the globe, either as principals, agents, contractors, trustees, or
Otherwise, und either alone or In conjunction with others, and either bv or
through agents, sub-contractors, trustees or otherwise; with power to appoint
a trustee or trustees, personal or corporate to hold any property on behalf
or the Company, and to allow uny property to remain outstanding in such
trustee or trustees:
To give options or calls on shares or
.securities of the Company, or which may
from time to time form any part of the
assets of this Company, to any persons-
upon any terms:
To do all such other things as are
Incidental or may bo thought conducive;
to the attainment of the above objects-1
or any of them, und so that the word
Company" in this Memorandum, when1
applied otherwise than this Company,
shall be deemed to Include uny partnership or other body or persons, whether'
corporate or unincorporate and whether'
domiciled In the United Kingdom or)
elsewhere, and the objects specified In
each of the paragraphs of this Memorandum shall he regarded as Independent
objects, and accordingly shall be In nowise limited or restricted (except where
otherwise expressed in such paragraph)
by reference to the objects Indicated In
any other or the same paragraph or
name of the company,  but may be
the
curried out in as full and ample a man
per, and construed In as wide a sense, as
If each of Ihe said objects were the object or objects of a separate, distinct
and Independent company.
License to an Extra Provincial Company.
COMPANIES ACT.
(July 1st, 1910.)
Canada: Province of British Columbia.
No. ^17A (1910).
This is to certify that Kingsbury Footwear Company, Limited, is authorized
and licensed to carry on business within
the Province of British Columbia, and to
carry out or effect all or any of the objects of the Company to which the legislative authority of the Legislature of
British Columbia extends.
The head office of the Company ls sit-,
unto at Maisonneuve, Quebec, Canada
The head office of the Company in this
Province Ib situate at 619 Granville
Street, Vancouver, and Joseph Edward
Bird, Barrtster-at-Law, whose address is
Vancouver aforesaid, is the attorney for
the Company.
The amount of the capital of the Company is Three Hundred Thousand Dollars, divided into Three Thousand shares.
Given under my hand and Seal of Offlce at Victoria, Province of British Columbia,  this seventh day of November,
one thousand nine hundred and ten.
(L.S.) D. WHITESIDE,
Heglstrnr of Joint Stock Companies.
The objects for which this Company
bus been established and licensed are:
To make, manufacture, purchase, sell,
job In und otherwise deal ln boots, shoes
and all things Incidental to footwear;
To manufacture, tan and treat, and to
purchase, sell and otherwise deal ln
leather of all kinds;
To muke, manufacture and deal ln
lasts, shoe counters, cartoons, wood
cases, shoe dressing, and other parts and
findings connected with the manufacture
of footwear;
To purchase, sell, job ln and otherwise
deal ln rubber footwear of all kinds;
To manufacture and produce steam,
gas and electricity for beat, light and
power for the purposes of the Company,
and to dispose of and sell any surplus
thereof;
To purchase, acquire and continue the
business heretofore carried on by the
Kingsbury Footwear Company, and to
pay for the same In and paid up stock
of this Company;
iron or steel enters as one of the chief possessed ©fVoperty deemed suitable f«
components thereof used by contractors, ■*■ '*...-...
or builders, or manufacturers;
To manufacture and sell all kinds of
agricultural machinery, Including threshing machinery;
To manufacture and sell all kinds of
saw mills, whether portable or stationary;
To own, hold, operate and sell timber
limits and mines, with all the rights and
privileges incidental thereto; and
To purchase and hold and sub-contract
for the building of roads, bridges and
dams.
Licence to an Extra Provincial Company.
COMPANIES ACT.
(July 1st, 1910.)
Canada: Province of British Columbia,
No. 218A (1910).
This Is to certify that The Anglo-
British Columbian Agency, Limited, Is
authorized and licensed to carry on
business within the Province of British
Columbia, and to carry1 out or effect all
or any of the objects of the Company
to which the legislative authority of
the Legislature of British Columbia
extends.
The head offlce of the Company Is situate at 14 and 15 Cockspur Street,
London, S. W., England.
The head offlce of the Company ln this
Province ls situate at 605 Mercantile
Building, Homer Street, Vancouver, and
John Forbes Maguire, whose address ls
Vancouver aforesaid, ls the attorney
for the Company,
The amount of the capital of the Company Is Five Thousand Pounds, divided
Into Four Thousand Ordinary and Four
Thousand Deferred shares.
~—''———***********************m■*
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday Nov. 20
H. N. FITZGERALD
the purposes of this Company, and to
enter into partnership or into any arrangement with respect to the sharing
of profits, union of Interests, or amalgamation, reciprocal, concession or co-operation, either In whole or in part, with
any such company, corporation, society,
partnership or persons:
To dispose of by sale, lease, underlease,
exchange, surrender, mortgage or otherwise, absolutely, conditionally, or for any
limited interest, nil or any part of the
undertaking, property, rights or privileges of the Company as a going concern
or otherwise, to any public body, company, society or association, or to any
person or persons, for such consideration as the Company may think fit, and
In particular for any stock, shares, debentures securities or property of any
other  Company:
To promote or form, or assist In the
promotion of formation of. any other
company or companies, either for the purpose of acquiring, working, or otherwise
dealing with all or any part of the
property, rights, or liabilities of this
Company, or any property ln which this
Company is interested, or for any other
purpose, with powers to assist such company or companies by paying or contributing towards the preliminary expenses
thereof, or providing the whole or part
of the capital, or by taking or subscribing for shares therein, or by lend-
To acquire, hold, mortgage, sell, con
vey or lease any real estate, lands an<_
buildings requisite for the carrying on
of all and any of the aforesaid undertakings and to pay for the same by paid
up stock of the Company;
To promote, assist ln promoting and
become a shareholder In any subsidiary,
allied or other company carrying on
wholly or in part business of a similar
character, and to sell to or otherwise
deal with the same;
To purchase andV acquire any business
or business of a similar nature, and to
purchase and acquire any Interest or control ln any business of a similar nature
and to pay for the same In paid up stock
of this Company;
To lot or sublet any property of the
_j>mpany, to sell or otherwise dispose of
the business, property or undertaking or
any part thereof, for such consideration
as the Company may deem flt, and ln
particular for shares, debentures or securities of any other company having
objects altogether or in part similar to
those of this Company, to amalgamate
with any other company having objects
wholly or ln part similar to those of this
Company;
To do all and everything necessary,
suitable, convenient or proper for the accomplishment of any of the purposes, or
attainment of any one or more of the objects hereinbefore enumerated or incidental to the powers herein named or
which shall or may at any time appear
to be conducive to or expedient of the
protection or benefit of the Company,
either as holders of, or Interested In any
property or otherwise.
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
q If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and -woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to onr office and we will lend > nun
to measure your premises and give yon an estimate of coat of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Sas Company, Limited.) ]

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