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Western Clarion Mar 30, 1912

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,'UMBER 661
Subscription Price Al  aA
I'Kk YlvAK       tDliVU
T! While many of the exhibits by or-
£ animations at the Woman's Industrial
"J* Ixhlbltlon at Grand Central Palace
j ire of a charitable nature, two, at
east, have a message of entirely different nature, namely, the necessity ot
eliminating the exploitation, blinding
and starving of the tenement house
child workers.
The National Child Labor Committee, which has an exhibit of photographs of the child slaves, and a table
full of the children's work, Is drawing
good crowds. The committee found
that of 1037 workers visited in six Industries 36 per cent, were under li
years old, 44.9 per cent, were between
14 and 16, and of all the workers 80.9
per cent, were children.
Many of the children work after
school hours, until all hours of the
night. It was found that the little
workers had to be whipped to keep
them awake, not because of any
brutality on the part of the parent,
but because the work had to be finished before morning. If the goods
were turned in after 9 a.m. they would
not be paid for.
One silent witness, a hairbrush, has
a gruesome history. There is only one
Arm in America which manufactures
the brushes, and is advertising extensively of the "American workers and
the sanitary conditions." As it was
found that the girls who Inserted the
bristles became hysterical and nervous wrecks, the manufacturer gave
out the work to the tenement workers. Here the hysterics of the parents and little children cannot be seen
when the factory is -being inspected.
The wages (?) paid for this work is
40 cents per dozen.
The exhibit of the National Consum.
ers' League which Is also well attended, is similar to that of the former.
It consists of work done by the tenement children and shows the deliberate starving process by means of tablets giving the retail price of the article and the pitiable pittance paid the
The members of the New York
State Woman Suffrage Association are
■cheerfully holding forth at their little booth, handing out literature and
arguments, and enrolling the male and
female recruits for the parade of the
organization on May 4.
An excellent exhibit, a rare ecclesiastical collection of the sixteenth
and seventeenth century, consists of
wall hangings, robes, miters and
church articles in which the scarlet
hue predominates.
A new phase in electioneering has
turned up and that is to deny the right
of free speech to Socialists where such
is possible. Corbin is a closed town
and every inch of ground and property
within a radius of two miles belongs
to the company. Consequently for the
purpose of addressing a meeting (*\
electors there the Socialist candidate
asked permission of the secretary for
the use of the hall, the only meeting
place In the camp. The request was
granted. Late In the afternoon, however, the secretary came along and
said that the superintendent had forbidden the use of the hall for any'
meeting to be addressed by Socialists.
Candidate Davidson then called upon
the superintendent and ln reply to the
question why he had given such Instructions was bluntly informed that
as Socialism had as its aim and object
the collective ownership of mines and
other property, he did not consider it
in the interests of his company to permit such teachings amongst his men.
Asked if the hall would be open to advance the candidature of the Conser.
vative party, he freely admitted that
there would be no objection whatsoever to that. The strange part of It
Is that the Corbin mines are owned
and controlled by American capitalists,
and that Gus. Smith, the superintendent referred to, is an American himself. At least we must surmise as
much, as his name is not on the
voters' list.—District Ledger.
Nearly a million coal minerB are
on strike in Great Britain. After six
centuries of the wage system—six
centuries of the moBt rapid and far.
reaching industrial development the
world has ever seen—the slaves of the
coal mines find their wage so low and
the conditions of employment so unbearable, that in sheer desperation
they throw down their tools and demand better conditions of employment.
So complicated is modern Industry,
however, that such an army of workingmen cannot lay down their tools
without throwing the entire Industrial
machinery of the nation out of Joint,
and if such stoppage of work be long
persisted in complete paralysis of industry must ensue.
Living as these coal miners do, even
when in steady employment, upon the
narrowest margin of existence, once
idle they soon come to feel the pangs
of actual want and starvation. As
other lines of industry are forced to
slow down owing to a shortage in the
coal supply, this wave of misery rapidly engulfs an ever widening circle
of workers, until eventually thousands
will be face to face with actual starva.
flon. Sooner or later starvation will
force these strikers to return to work
and the wheels of Industry will again
revolve In the monotonous process of
converting the flesh and blood of
Labor Into profit for Capital.
We note that a pretense ls being
made upon the part ot the British
government to bring the strike to an
end by the enactment of some sort of
minimum wage law. We also note
that these efforts are marked by what
appears to be a disposition to prolong
the consideration of such proposed
legislation until threatening starvation
has driven the men back to their
A more scathing condemnation of the
Capitalist system of production could
scarce be conceived than that expressed in the conditions and wage of labor
that has forced these workers to such
dire extremeties as to attempt the impossible task of wringing concessions
from their brutal taskmasters with
nothing more formidable than empty
stomachs as their weapons.
There can be but one result of this
strike: The men will be forced by
their necessities to return to work.
Perhaps some sops may be thrown
them in the way of concessions as to
wages or conditions of employment;
but nothing will be settled. The same
old forces that have pauperized the
British workmen in the past and
driven them in desperation to strike
against their unhappy lot, will continue to work in the same old way.
Their condition of slavish misery will
continue to grow worse and their
agony be made more acute and crushing. Sooner or later they will again
revolt, and, presumably in the same
old way. And so will the delightful
game go on until the thickheaded
working mule shall have learned ln
the school of his bitter experience
that so long as Capital rules there Is
no hope for he and his kind. Perhaps
he will then be Inclined to revolt intelligently, kick the master class from
his back, the chains of wage slavery,
from his limbs, and assume the mas_|
tery of industry ln his own behalf
Let us hope so, at any rate.
War to the Death On All Who Fight for Free Speech
in San Diego.
(By J. Edwftrd Morgan)
Propaganda   Meeting
Sunday, Men. 318 p.m.
R. P. Pettipiece
You don't see It ln the press, but It
Is so, and the coal strike has done it.
Last week every Territorial in the
land was asked for his gun, and when
the guns were handed In, the bolts
and bayonets were abstracted and
sent to the nearest military garrison
for safe keeping. There are whole
companies of Territorials composed of
miners, and the authorities are taking
no risks. The Citizen Army in theory
Is all very well—but—.—Glasgow Forward.
Competition is simply playing with
the workers' selfishness and necessity.
The purchaser goes where something
for nothing is offered. The woman
shopper goes from counter to counter
with the same fundamental motive
that the burglar and gambler has, and
the evil there ls in the struggle to
get money without earning it Ib by no
means limited to the illegitimate
burglar or gambler. Competition is
the parent of gambling and burglary,
and competition makes for personal
degeneration and for social decay.
Those superior people who preach
"dignity" of labor to the workers are
content to remain "undignified" all
their lives!
"Whom the gods would destroy they
flrst made mad."
The master brutes of San Diego and
California are mad and are riding
swift-footed to hell.
Deeper and deeper are they digging
the ditch into which they will eventually hurl themselves, beaten and
damned and shorn of their power to
curse the earth.
The fight for free speech in San
Diego has demonstrated that the masters of the bread intend to stop Socialist and Industrial Union agitation at
any cost.
City and county Jails are filled to
suffocation with hundreds of Socialists
and Industrial Unionists who have
dared big business criminals to drive
them from a street corner dedicated
to free speech by twenty years of agitation.
The show of solidarity by all workers of San Diego in the great parade
led by Union band playing the "Marseilles" and surrounding the Jails drove
the master class to desperation. Thirty-eight indictments followed by grand
Jury charging criminal conspiracy.
These were the flrst to go to Jail for
the right of free speech. Among the
number indicted are Rev. G. W. Wood-
boy, the noted colored lecturer and
writer on Socialism of national prominence; Harry McKee, of the National
Socialist Lecture Bureau; Kasper
Bauer, well known pioneer Socialist of
the old Socialist Labor Party actyvity
for years, speaking and writing for the
Socialist party; also E. E. Kirk, Socialist attorney of San Diego; Mrs.
Emerson, prominent Speaker ''or'the
I. W. W., and R. Gosden of Prince Rupert, B. C, I. W. W.     ,
For more than a month the free
speech fight has raged with every
phase of police brutality known to the
American cossacks. Man-handling,
third degree atrocities and slow starvation have made San Diego the Siberia
of America and the stench of the Pacific.
With the added brutalities the cry
went ever up: "Fill the Jails and the
stockades." The jails are filled. Hundreds are to be confined in the stockades now being built by scab labor, as
union carpenters turned down the
dirty Job.
Jails in other counties have been
filled by men arrested and jailed and
beaten in San Diego for exercising the
constitutional right of free speech—
freedom of voice.
Something drastic had to be done
to break the solid front displayed by
these martyrs to liberty. The street
meetings outside the restricted district
were attended by thousands. Public
opinion was slowly coming our way.
Its pressure was beating the enemy
into the dirt. The city was being covered with literature telling our side of
the story. Hundreds were coming
from all points to assist In the fight.
Victory was in sight. Suddenly the
authorities changed their tactics. They
determined to win out by sheer brute
While the usual Sunday morning
meeting was In progress before the
city jail, the fire department was called out and the hose turned upon the
crowd, and the speaker, Mrs. Wight-
man, a noted Evangelist who entered
the free speech fight was addressing
the great audience. The hose was
turned full in her face and she was
drenched brutally and finally forced
from the stand by the deluge forced
upon her.
For a full hour hundreds packed
themselves In a solid mass around
Mrs. Emerson as Bhe mounted and
stood upon the speakers' stand. Bending their bodies to the terrific torrent
that poured upon them, they held their
ground until swept from their feet by
the Irresistible flood.
Enraged at the show of solidarity of
the great throng, they pulled up the
hose to within a few feet of the speakers' stand and held the torrent full In
the face of the lady and drove her by
brute force before them.
By this time thousands had gathered
from all directions. Maddened to
frenzy by their failure to terrify tho
I. W. W.'s and their sympathizers, Socialists and trade unionists, they turn
ed the hose wantonly upon the crowd.
Up and down, to right and to left
hither and yon, tugging and pulling al
the hose and driving the people be
fore them, while they surged In ever-
Increasing numbers upon the scene
from other directions.
As fast as they drove them with the
torrent of water, they closed up from
behind by the hundreds, mocking, reviling and crying that the world would
hear of the infamy of the San Diego
"public servants."
So infuriated did they become at
their failure to subdue that they lost
their heads utterly. An old gray-haired woman was knocked down by direct force of the stream from the hose
and came near being trampled in the
mud by the police maniacs. A mother
was deluged with a babe in her arms.
A young lady was singled out for the
special vengeance of the brutes because she was selling Socialist literature. For fully five minutes the hose
was turned upon her. For daring the
hose and selling literature she was
given eight months in the detention
Little Ruth Wightman, daughter of
Mrs. Wightman, the Evangelist, was
swept from a chair where she stood,
pnder the protection (?) of "Old
I An awe-struck American patriot
' vrapped himself in the flag to test its
dlicacy against police outrage, but he
vas knocked down, kicked and jailed
ind fined thirty dollars ($30.00) for
insulting the national emblem.
', I eannot write it! I am to much
aroused by the horror of it all to put
pit on paper. I have just rushed to my
room to get to my typewriter to tell
the story to the labor press of the
vorld. For hours I mingled my body
and voice with the great throng. I
tried to shout the meaning of it all to
the wondering, bewildered thousands
who gathered and were alike drenched
by the maddened police fools.
Old and young, friend and foe, and
even babies and cripples were swept
down by the deluge. Onlookers were
drenched while standing in their own
doorways. Many pictures were taken
by I. W. W. and Socialist photographers.
Police raided street meeting Sunday
night with drawn clubs. Men and
women were knocked down and left
with bleeding heads, unconscious on
the pavement. All who tried to rescue the women were beaten down and
Still later:
Union man and Socialist kidnapped
by police, thrown into auto, whisked
many miles out of the city and told
never to return on pain of death. I
have been held for hours by the police
and threatened with being put out of
the way where I will do no more agitating. Also threatened with indictment because of my efforts in raising
funds for the defense of Moyer, Hay
"We have done our best, with perfect thoroughness and impartiality,
and it is with profound disappointment
that I have to confess to the House
that our labors have been unavailing."
Thus said Premier Asquith.
They have done their best. Sure,
they have done their best; but in
whose interests? Not in the interests
of the 1,000,000 miners, not in the interests of the 35,000,000 of people; but
in the interests of a thousand capitalists. What more could they have
done? some of you would ask. They
could have taken the control of the
mines away from the owners and
it in the hands of the people. Confiscate it? Sure! This government
would sooner see the millions of
workers go back to their thankless
task of grinding out profits for a
parasiticle class—suffering, sweating,
starving, to keep the coffers of the
parasitic class—suffering, sweating,
interests of those few hundred owners
of the means of    wealth production.
From pit boy to manager, every one
of them could have produced coal for
consumption without the aid of one
solitary capitalist. Every concession
of the miners could have been grant,
ed, and the suffering eliminated. But
no; they are only slaves. Why should
the government study the Interests of
a slave class? They would take the
hunting grounds of the Indian without
a second thought and use the land for
exploiting the workers, but they could
not take the mines away from the capitalists who are exploiting the workers. I am not advocating government
ownership. I am trying to show that
the interests of a thousand parasites
are looked after to the detriment of
millions of workers.
The resources of the earth are
unquestionably ample for the satisfac
tlon of human needs. The power of
man to produce wealth was never so
great as at present. Never was pov
erty more widespread; never was a
larger per cent, of the people contlu
ually ln want or perplexed by the fear
of want than now.
The present ruling class has,
especially during the past century, had
a free hand in the control of Industry
and the command of economic power.
During this period most marvelous
strides have been made in the development of machinery and the technical
processes of production. To such an
extent has this been carried that It Is
now a matter of small moment, so far
as the question of labor is concerned,
to keep the markets of the world
filled to overflowing with the material
things requisite to the existence and
comfort of humankind. These are
facts so pronounced that it is only the
most stupid and perverse person who
would care to dispute them.
Under the administration of Indus
try by the capitalist class human society can no longer feed, clothe and
shelter Itself. This is proven by the
cry of distress of the countless thou
sands who now find themselves with-
Frequently kind-hearted, sentimental souls are wont to lament "man's
inhumanity to man" which'* "makes
countless thousands mourn," aad
especially if that inhumanity ia practiced far off In some alien land. Ther
shudder with horror when a Russian
revolt is put down with rapine aad
slaughter and even, upon occasion,
they sadden at the contemplation ot
workers being half starved and overdriven, and the lives of children being
ground out of them in mills and factories. Our humanitarian friends are
apalled when confronted with such
conditions. Some of them seek to alleviate them. A few add their cupful
to the ocean of distress by writing
verse about it. With most of them
their hearts overflow in words of burning indignation and they let it go at
that, and attribute the mercilessness
of the oppressors to original sin, human depravity, lack of godliness or
such other cause.
The fact of the matter is that no
human attribute has anything to do
with it. It is property that ls the
guilty party. The capitalist grinds the
faces of the poor with absolute indifference to their sufferings, not out ot
any spirit of fiendish malevolence, but
merely at the behest of his property;
a behest that he must obey. Capitalists are not demons incarnate. Most
of them are reputed to be not at all
bad fellows, and we are not inclined
to altogether disbelieve it. Many of
them delight in good works (especially if well advertised). Some of them
have even been suspected ot doing
good by stealth. They are human beings and there ls no reason why many
of them should not be quite human.
And the human genus though perhaps
the most stupid, is by no means the
most brutal of animal species.
However, lt 1b quite another story
when they get down to "business."
They cease then to be human and become merely the "outward and visible
form of the inward and invisible
spirit" of their property. And property is cold, mechanical, unseeing,
merciless. Having no function but to
accumulate. Recking nothing of the
ruin and desolation It leaves in Its
track, it moves blindly, unswervingly
on to its own destruction, and
chained to Its wheels the human race
must move with It. For all are slaves
to property; the poor to another's, the
rich to their own.
wood and Pettibone.    Any charge to out   employment,   and    consequently
keep me locked up where they hope to | without sustenance, because capitalist
torture me into servility.   We are all production cannot afford them the one
on the job, comrades, who are not yet I or Insure them the other,
locked up. The capitalist class has been tried
We must have Immediate assistance, in the    crucible of time and    found |
This Is the greatest tight that the So-; wanting.   It Is Incapable of longer di.j
clallsts have ever encountered in the: reeling industry so as to admit of the]
London, England.—Frederick Crows-
ley, a Socialist and a locomotive fireman of Honeywood road, was tried
and sent back to Jail to await a new
trial on the charge of distributing the
following letter among the soldiers,
headed, "An Open Letter to British
"When we go on strike to better our
lot, which is the lot also of your
fathers, mothers, sisters and brothers,
you are called upon by your officers
to murder us. Don't do it. You know
how it happens. We stand out as long
as we can, then one of our and your
Irresponsible brothers, goaded by the
I sight of his loved ones suflering mis.
]ery and hunger, commits a crime on
property. Immediately you are ordered to murder us, as you did at Mlt-
chelstown, Featherstone and Belfast.
United States.   All California is threat-'satisfaction   ol*   the   normal   material
ened with a similar war of extermlna-1 needs of the race.
Boys, don't do it.
^^^^^^^^^^ Murder Is murder,
whether cotntnllled in the heat of anger or by pipeclayed Tommies with
rifles. Act tha man brother human
being. Property can be replaced. Human life never. They and their friends
own land and the means of life, and
when we kick they order you to murder us.   When you kick you get cells.
^  "Your fight ls our tight.    Don't dls.
hllosophy of necessity.   It knows no;      Ua, mu8t 1)fi b|.ol;en    Tne control|grace your parents and your class as
other god of right and wrong.  WhenJof |ndustn. m„st „e stri])|)ed from ^ being willing tools any longer of the
- 'master class.   You, like us, are of the
slave    class, and  when  we  rise you
tlon of tbe rebels.
Send all monies to
KASPER BAUER, Treasurer,
Free Speech League,
330 Union Uldg.,
San Diego, Cal.
Socialism   is    founded    upon    the
Because  of  the  plethora of  wealth
I lhat falls to the lot of tbe capitalists,
land   the   utter   Impossibility  of   Its
proper  distribution  among  the   workers, capitalist society rots at the top
and starves at the bottom.
That human society may be enabled
to provide for its needs,  the rule of
for the good of humanity, it becomes j irresponsible and incompetent capital
necessary for the working class to i jst pirates that now hold lt; and the
take possession of the farms and fish. I regources 0f the earth and instru-
erieB, the mines and factories, they j ments of production converted to
will do so ln the name of the god of j their proper use, the supplying of all
Necessity, and all the people, exceptjraemuers 0f human society with the
the robber class, will say, Amen. Thatlmater|a] requisites to their comfort
god of Necessity is drawing near to I an(] we|j )jeing. Capitalist production
his people. Those whose ears arejfor proflt mUBt g0. Social production
clear already hear the majestic tread j for use hy au members of society must
of his omnipotent oncoming. j take ilg piaCe.
Labor produces all wealth, and yet|    FREE SpEE-CH DEFENCE FUND,
those who work hardest generally getl
least. Only the workers are Interest-1 Pun<l3 are needed for the defence of
ed ln finding out why this is so, and the comradeB who are to be placed on
only the Socialists are able to trial In April for taking part In the
ation and free speech fight in Vancouver. You
have  seen  how  the   other   prisoners
 _ I came off.   Now It'B up to you to help
Leaflet No. 2, Plain Talks to Work- j tight the case for the rest. Send all
Ingmen, Is now ready. How many do monies to J. A. Maedonald. 1721 Al-
you want? Ibernl Btreet, Vancouver, B. C.
provide a satisfactory explana
rise; when we fall, even by your bullets, you call also. Comrades, have we
called In vain? Think things over,
and refuse any longer to murder your
kindred. Help to win back Britain
for the British and the world for the
Every Sanday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
SATURDAY, MARCH 30   1912.
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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lowed in order to put it to its proper sand  five  hundred   Social-Democratic
use is the uprise of the working class
to the control of the State and the
utilization of its powers for the purpose of transforming capitalist property in the means of production into
the collective property of the working
class. ,
That Is what must be done.
a\tyy—Watch tho label on your paper. If
ttast, this number ls on lt, your subscription   expires   the  next   issue.
SATURDAY, MARCH  30   1912.
It is scarcely necessary to trace the
development of industry from the
primitive and clumsy hand-tool of ancient times down to the powerful and
effective machinery of today. The fact
is this machinery is here, and the factories and workshops of the world are
veritable hives of activity and industry in consequence, The questions to
be considered are: First, Is human
society making the best possible use
of this gigantic machinery of production? Second, if not, what line of action is necessary in order to put it to
its proper use?
The modern machinery of production is essentially social in its character. It cannot be operated except by
the joint efforts of a vast army of
working men. The individuality of the
workman in production is lost in the
social process that is alone capable ot
operating it. Each individual workman, at best, can perform but an infinitesimal part of the making of
things, the finished articles being the
result of the combined labor of all.
To the owner of the means of production belongs the product of labor.
The huge machinery of production of
today is the property of a small section of human society known as the
Capitalist class. The workers, they
who operate this machinery, possess
no property rights In It. The products of labor consequently belong to
"the capitalists by virtue of their ownership of the machinery of production.
That Is why the workers are in a
chronic state of poverty in spite of
the fact that they perform all of the
labor necessary to the production of
The owners, the capitalists, hold
their title to the means of production
merely for the purpose of being able
to command the services of the workers and securing the product of their
labor. They will allow their property
to be used for no other purpose. The
means of production then become the
instrument   whereby  the  owners en-
We are living In an age of government by political parties. Whatever
material or economic Interest In human society has possession of the
machinery of government at any given
time is in a position to successfully
defend Itself against assault at the
hands of any opiioslng interest.
The Protectionists are now in control of the governments of Canada
and the United States, and are, therefore, in a position to enforce their
tariff schemes against all opposition.
The "Free Trade" interests in Great
Britain are in control of- government
and consequently able to determine as
to the fiscal policy of that country,
whether it may suit opposing interests or not.
Without the control of government,
neither Protectionists nor "Free
Traders" could defend their material
interests and enforce their economic
programme. This accounts for their
activity in the political struggle.
And what is this political struggle?
It is the struggle to obtain possession
of the coveted point of vantage (government) and the utilization of its
powers to enforce the particular
economic programme in question. So
long as the conquest of this point of
vantage is the object sought, any
activity, no matter how expressed,
comes within the category of political
action. The ballot is the weapon of
so-called civilized, political warfare;
but In case of its abrogation any
other means of accomplishing the desired purpose would likewise be political action in every sense of the word.
No economic interest in human society can be safeguarded except
through the organized powers of the
State. Without these powers at its
beck and call it cannot withstand the
assault of opposing economic interests
that perchance are backed by the powers of government. That is why the
economic interest of the working class
Is absolutely at the mercy of Capital
in the world-wide industrial shambles
of modern civilization. All the powers of government are at the disposal
of the capitalist interests, and consequently the working claBs goes down
to defeat ln every battle In the so-
called economic field.
Between conflicting economic interests there can be no compromise. It
is complete mastery or absolute defeat. Victory can perch only upon the
banners of the side that holds possession of the organized powers of the
State, i. e., government. In the face
of that power every adverse economic
demand must go down to defeat.
Political action then, upon the part
of the working class, Is a struggle for
the conquest of the citadel of government in order that its command of
industry may be turned to the advantage of the woikers and the beast ot
Capital driven ignominiously from the
books have already been sold at these
meetings and on the streets. While
our meetings are crowded to the roof,
the "non-partisan" meetings are poor
affairs. The non-partisan orators wave
the red flag, just aB they did two
years ago, and drag In every conceivable issue, even to the snub which
Mayor Seidel administered to the Invincible Teddy. All this fails to arouse
any public Interest. In fact, the nonpartisans did strike the keynote of
the campaign when in their platform
they truthfully declared that the Issue
was "Anti-Socialism vs. Socialism."
The Milwaukee Socialists gladly accept this issue and are rejoiced that
on this Held the big battle will be
The Milwaukee Federated Trades
Council is doing its usual good work
in sending a committee of twenty
trades unionists to visit the unions
and advise them to "strike at the ballot box" on April 2nd. To head off the
work of the Socialist unionists, the
"non-partisan" politicians thought to
bring a "pure-and-simpler" of national
reputation to .Milwaukee, and for this
purpose secured Bro. John Mitchell.
They hired the big arena of the Audi
torium—the largest hall in Milwaukee,
Beating 7,000 people. They advertised
the meeting magnificently, In the
papers, on the street cars, and in every
possible way, only unfortunately they
forgot to use the union label! Result
just 382 persons by actual count, attended this "monster" meeting. Many
of these were "non-partisan" politicians. The days of "pure and simple"
trade unionism have passed for Milwaukee.
Next Tuesday, March I9th, Milwaukee holds her primary election. After
that, the "non-partisans" who are now
lighting among themselves for the
offices, will present a solid front for
the capitalist interests. But the Milwaukee comrades are not In the least
disturbed by the fusion of the Republicans and Democrats. We are making a bigger and better campaign than
our campaign of two years ago, which
at that time was a record-breaker.
The line is sharply drawn—Socialism
or capitalism! On that issue we will
stand or—no, Socialists never fall!
Milwaukee, Wis., March 15, 1912.
E. H. THOMAS, State Secy.
(We have been informed by unimpeachable authority that the Milwaukee comrades cannot split hairs with
any degree of scientific accuracy. We
have yet to see, however, any such
Bhowing of real work like the above,
to be accredited to shin-warmers and
fireside philosophers, no mittter how
scientific—Editor Western Clarion.)
Go  to It.
There is no need to go to picture
shows these days, just go to the Brandon Trades and Labor Council. If
you can't attend the meetings, read
the accounts of their doings in the
local press. It's as good as a comic
There Is something amusing in the
fact that the "plugs" that attend these
meetings think that the Trades Council ls the "be all and end all" of the
workers'  efforts.
At a recent meeting of the city council a delegation of business men addressed the council and asked that the
city endeavor to buy out the Brandon
Electric Light Co.
Immediately an alderman moved a
previously written motion to the effect that a committee be appointed
to open negotiations with the company. The committee met the company two days after and a meeting of
the shareholders was advertised to be
held on the earliest possible date.
The Trades Council at once passed
a resolution endorsing the council's
action. Now, how in the name of all
that's great, can the action of the
council by jumping into this thing
benefit the worker? Are the working
class of Brandon interested in electric
I am ready to gamble that NOT
ONE of those that passed the resolu
tion used electricity for illuminating
purposes, let alone the many other
purposes for which it can be used.
They are hardly aware that such
things as electric cookstoves exist
That such stoves do away with two-
thirds of the housework ami cuts out
ill of the work in an overheated kitchen.
They know nothing of the nice little
electric toasting racks. The electric
hot plates lor warming food, etc. Of
electric irons, washers and wringers
they know hut little, and it is certain
thut they never have electric vacuum
cleaners in their (!) houses,
resolutions endorsing somebody else
owning and using electric light—what
humbug! Why don't they get busy
and own the plant THEMSELVES and
have the use of electricity in THEIR
Their actions on electric light is
something like their action on the
telephone. They passed a resolution
condemning the proposal of the government to raise the rate on the tele
Only one person in the hall had a
telephone, and he objected to the resolution. Always bothering their heads
about somebody else's business, but
then that is a working class failing.
When they start to mind their own
business the day of working class
exploitation will be over.
Another thing about this electric
light business that anyone hut a person with the "municipal bug" can see
is that it's a move on behalf of the
electric light company. This com
pany became rather notorious recently when it, through the now historic
bypass, acquired city water without
having it registered on their meter.
Of course, the city made a fuss. 1
don't know why they should 'have
made all that fuss about water. Now,
if it had been beer-
One of these "trades councillors''
aald that it was the duty of the S. P.
to make a row about that "acquired
water," but, however, we failed to
see how it mattered to the working
class. It yet remains to be proved
that the working class of Brandon
would have been better off if all that
water had gone through the meter.
Another thing. A lot of the power
ls derived from a power dam on the
Little Saskatchewan River ten miles
from Brandon. It's not the best kind
of dam going, and eight years ago it
burst and flooded the valley.    " 'Nuff
However, the Brandon Trades Council is going into politics, so we may
We  must  confess  that  we  almost ^^ BQme „fe here yet
feared the "splendid  character train- PERICLES
ing'  would be discontinued  when  the
boys began to ripen Into manhood, but     what  satlBfactlon   la  tnere  ln  tho
we are glad to note that lt will be de-,workere   vot)ng   the  w,nnlng   ticket
nieces   of   Socialist   literature vel°Ped   t0   even ,mor(;   scl"tllatlntg'unless that  ticket   stands  uncompro-
pe es   oi   H°«»»t .»>       .; heights.   We are also pleased to note
Socialist   r
arty  Directory ||
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second ami fourth Monday. Secretary,
te. T. Klngsley, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St.,   Vancouver,  B.  C.
Kxecutlve Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
nunsmuir St. 10. T. Klngsley, Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canadu, meets every ulternate Tuesday, nt 429 Klciitl-
Ave. Bast. Frank Danby, secretary,
Box 617, Calgary.
Committee: Notice—This card la Inserted for the ■ purpose of Retting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, .1. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St..  Winnipeg.
ecutlve Committee. Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every first and third
Saturday ln the month, 8:00 p.m., at
headquarters. Main Street, North Battleford. Secretary wlll answer any
communications regarding the movement ln thla Province. L. Budden,
Secy., Box 101, North Battleford, Sask.
Writing on the subject of what
should be done with Boy Scouts when
they attain the age of 18 and over
and sever their connection with the
Association, a London police official
suggests that a way of solving the
problem would be to enlist them
straightaway into the Civilian Police
Force. This organization, which was
inaugurated last Trafalgar Day has approached Sir. R. S. Baden-Powell with
a view to the proposal being adopt
slave the workers   and   extort   from !industrial fle]d.   Any means to accom- ed.    The official states that it would
pllsh this "consummation so devoutly be a great advantage to have, in times
to be wished" is legitimate political of trouble, young men who have reaction, and therefore worthy of com. I ceived   such   a   "splendid   character
The Milwaukee comrades are by no
means Inclined to give up their house-
to-house distribution of Socialist literature now that they have a Socialist
daily paper of their own.    It is true
training as Scouts, and who, owing to
that training would he capable of
giving valuable assistance in carrying
on trade during a strike.
The above flicker of profound ingenuity emanates from a I>ondon police officer.
We have always thought that a
"splendid character" was one which
resisted the temptation to steal, refused to do a dirty trick, was upright In
that this paper is reaching a large pel:, g as |n sport| a(lopt(J(1
cent, of the homes ol Ml wake-  Bt aU|tmle t0 those who
the comrades are determined that our
exceed even this. Eighty-five thousand copies will then be put into the
hands of the people.
Nor is this all.   In addition to this,
were distributed at the factory gates
them the things they are able to bring
forth by their labor.   Under such circumstances the very means of   labor
become the meanB of the oppression
and robbery of labor.   This Is the use
to which the means of production are
being put at the present time.   This
is the use to which they must continue to be put so long as they remain
the property of the Capitalist class.
If "to the owners of the means of
production belong the products of labor," then It logically follows that If
the workers nre to become the owners
of the products of their own labor they
muBt flrst become owners of the means
of production, the Instruments of la- the comrades are ueiermmeu ium ">" | ^^   Mm   an(,   preBerved   u   kindly
bor.    They cannot singly own   these literature shall reach overy home.      I   -       ,Uon   w nig   enemle9.    Having
means, because they cannot singly op.      Therefore last Sunday  they aoc-om-. ^^ ^   ^ have alwayB considered
erate them.   They must own its they pllshed a monster distribution ol their '^ ^^ ^ pUM Q, a atr,k
are compelled to operate, that is, to-1 campaign leaflet, the Voice of the P*|>|      wftg a loathsome, malignant scab,
gether, or collectively.      Such   collec-|ple.     All   Milwaukee   was   thoroughly g(j )(J do not strlke w|thoHt
tlve, or common, ownership would give -covered.   Eighty thousand copies were, ^
them collective, or common ownership I left at the homes of Milwaukee's vot- g m_  ^J
of the things produced by their joint ers.    Next Sunday's distribution will
labor.    This would destroy the power
of the capitalists to command   their
labor and ma'co way with the product.
Such   a   transformation  of   property
rights would at the same time destroy
the purpose for which  production is were disinmueu at me '-»"«< b-~-i ^ th(J youthjJ wl„ g0 lnt0 the nollce
now carried on. that Is for profit, and .last week.   This week the mimber orl insteaa of the army because, whereas
substitute in its place production for I pieces will reach 50,000.   This number ^^ ^ ^ ^ .^ ^ remem))er
the use of those who did the labor.      will  be  equalled in each subse,'"entl anvthing    the   |)0iiCeman,'s   club,  (Belt Is needless to add  that such   a I week of the campaign.    As soon ^iscending'heavily upon the thlck skull
transformation of property rights can the weather permits, the factory gate
be effected    by the workers only by speaking will begin. 'though it inflicts a deep wound in the
capturing the powers of the State and      Even   this  is   not   whs ii sling    the  , ul_u  __„„„ ha^a lmi
using such powers to bring tt about.
It is the organized powers of the State
only that can. protect and preserve the
present, or Capitalist, system of prop.
erty.      It Is the same power that is
alone capable of overthrowing It.   But
the control of the State must first pass
into tho hands of the working class,
because this is the only part of human
society that la Interested In bringing
about, such a transformation.
The    conclusion   to   be   arrived  at,
after a careful survey of the situation,
is that, human society Is not at present
making the best possible use of  the
gigantic machinery of production, and
the line of action necessary lo he fob
maritime psoynreiAi, executive
Committee, Soctallnt Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace any,
N. S. Dan Cooaraae, Secretary, Rnx
491, Glace Bay, ST. 8.
S. P. of C, meats every Sunday evening at Miners1 Unlen Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Prlmerile, Secretary.
LOCAI.    FBBNXE,   8.   T.   of   C,    HO Id}
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., every Sunday evening at 7:10. Buslneas meeting flrst Sunday in each month, Miners' Hall at J:»0. W. L. Phillips, Secretary, Box 104.
ii -i  -j »i smasssmei	
local woBtLAmm, wo. as, ». t. ,t c,
meets tn Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. B. Campbell. Secretary, P.O.
Box 174. Roesland Finnish Branch
meets tn Flnlandcrs* Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Babble, Secretary, P.O
Box 64, Rosalaad.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnla, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Business meeting every Tuesday even-
Ing at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St.
"LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     BO.     I
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Bualness meetings on Thursday evening*
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.:
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box 13,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
information any day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W. Graham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,   ALTA.,  BO.  1,  ».
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, A. Farmilo, 622 First St.;
Organizer,  W,  Stephenson.
of C.-—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters. 4 28 Eighth Ave. East, between Third and Fourth streets. F.
Tipping, Secretary.
every Sunday, Trades Hall, t p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, ••
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretury. 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1046.
ot C. Headquarters. No. 10 Nation
Block. Hussar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday ut 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at t
p.m.; economic class, Friday at S p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
8. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays ln the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock,  Box  1983
LOCAL MICBSL, B. O., BO. 16, 8. T. '
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan'o Hall. A hearty invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs,'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. in the Bame hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
-.     —eis.  w ..
every Friday evening at 8 p.m.. In
Miners* Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin.  Secretary.
OT C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., In tne Trades Hall.
Kconomic Class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organizer,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
8. P. OP O.—Headquarters 628% Main
Street. Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic class
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary'*
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
In Dreamland Theatre. Main Street, at
8  o'clock.     Discussion   invited.
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday In
hall in Empress Theatre Block at 2:00
p.m.     L,  H. Gorham.  Secretary,
LOCAL   BETBLBTOKE,   B.   C,    BO.    7,
S. P. Of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B.- F. Gayman, Secre-
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  NO.  8,  S.  P.  of C—
Business met-tings the first Sunday In
the month nt 3 o'clock p.m. nt headquarters, Secretary, Sam Horwith.
Headquarters, .16 1-8 ltldenu Street.
Plume 277. Address. 322 Gladstone
LOCAL SABDOB, B. C, NO. 36, B. T. 07
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Miners' Unior Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon, B. C.
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Roem 2, over Colils-
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
LOCAL  TABCOVTBX,   B.    C,    BO.    46.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 2237
Main Street.    Secretary. Wm. Mynttl.
Looal Vanoouver, 8.  P. of C. No.  58—
Lettlch meets every first Sunday in
the month, at 512 Cordova St. B.
Secretary,  Ad.   Kreeka. 602
LOCAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters In Rukasln
Block. Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquurters every Thursday nt S p. in. Alfred Xasli, secretary,
Box 168; Harold G. Hoss, organiser,
Box r,o5.
Scotia.—Business    and
7,    Of
ganda meetings every  second  Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O.  B. T.  Hall back
of Town Hall,
tary. Box 344.
Wll'iam Allen, Secre-
■eXBAXNXAB SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, ls organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrnlnean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
I'krnnlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Kinlstlno Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write to J, Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
Even this Is not ».»—» .'"j nerve centres which never heals but
energy of the Mtlwaukee «■««"; 1 goeB on -estering unti, it gets the op-
Besides all  this work of the BU^I*,, ^ ^^
Brigade, in many wards the Social-
Democrats are making a house-to-
house canvass for new subscribers to
The Milwaukee Leader. They are
meeting with the most tremendous
success. In many districts fully one-
half the English reading families, In
reamng"7amlHes7are"'subscrlblng to [Several members refrained from vot-
The Leader, as the result of this ear-jln&-
nest and energetic canvass, which has) Plumbers and Steamfitters, No. 170,
been repeated two or even three times j endorsed principles of Socialism,
in some of the wards. ! thirty-one for, twenty-one against.
The Social-Democratic meetings con-1 Tile-layers' Union endorsed Soclal-
tlnue   their  enthusiasm.     Four  thou- ■ Ism, twenty.nlne for to twelve against.
Vancouver Building Trades Council
endorsed principles of Socialism by a
vote of eighteen for, two against.
.Painters and Paperhangers' Local 138
voted forty-five to two in favor of en-
''idockr'aTmosT'ai'rthe' English- Klorulng the   principles   of   Socialism.
misingly for their emancipation?
Would it not be more sensible to vote
for freedom than merely for a choice
of jailers?   Wake up, slave!
Word comes of the success of the
Socialists at Basil, Switzerland, where
the Socialist candidate for parliament beat his clerical opponent by a
vote of 7873 to 3659. In Zurich a Social-Democratic judge was elected by
2000 majority.
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) »5.00
Membership Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform   and   application   blank
per 100   25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto  in  Ukranian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the re-
' clutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The ec'-'ablishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of tho working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00 ■  f
25t*h, 1912.
Present, Mengel, Anderson, Karme,
and the secietary, Mengel, in the
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
An application tor a charter signed by ten workhigmen of Toronto,
Ont., was received. The charter was
ordered granted, tho local to be
known as Local Toronto No. 1,
Present, Mengel, Anderson, Karme,
and the secretary, Mengel, in the
Minutes of previous meeting xead
and approved.
Communications from several interior points relating to election matters were received and filed. Also a
letter from Comrade Simpson of Victoria regarding alleged loose work In
connection with ithe nomination of
Comrade Midgeley as a candidate for
the Provincial House. After some -discussion .the further consideration of
the matter was laid over until the nest
meeting of the committee.
I Calgary captures third place this
I week. "Winnipeg gets ahead of Toronto again. How many of you are helping to -distribute those leaflets in your
burg? Go to the Socialist headquarters and get a hunch of leaflets to distribute, and make your town a hotbed
of Sooialism.
Vancouver,  B.   C  1
Victoria,   B.   C...  2
Calgary,  Alta.     3
Brandon    Man     4
Edmonton,  Alta     5
Winnipeg, Man     6
Toronto, Ont     7
Fernle, B. C  S
Moose Jaw,  Sask  9
Montreal, Que*bec  10
New Westminster, B. C   11
Cumberland, B. C   12
| Nelson, B. C   13
ISoutn Fort George, B. C ...14
ibllverton, B.  C-.... 15
| Ottawa,  Ont 16
i N. Battleford, Bask 17
! Reglna, Sask .- .18
■Glace Bay, N. S 19
i South Hill, Sask 20
|    Send In for -mailing list and rustle
up the expiring subs.
29 Fullum Street,
Montreal, Que., March 14, 1912.   i
Editor Western Clarion,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrade,—1 have been requested by the Liberty Co-operative Club
of Montreal to ask you to publish the'
Sometime ago a series of meetings
of the different Socialist bodies of
Montreal were held to discuss the
question of amalgamating, and out of
these conventions ithe decision was
reached that our greatest need was a
Socialist home, which should be the
headqmarters of all Montreal Socialists. To build this home the Uberay
Co-operative Club was formed, with
representations from each Socialist
local in Montreal.
Shares to 'the value of $5.00 each
were issned, tt-euns .$l'.«i) down :and
ten cents ;a month, till the full amount
is paid. Money is urgently needed
and all 'onmralles -who can, are requested to help us bulla a Socialist
home, ana lielp :to make Montreal a
Socialist city. For further information, write -me at above address.
Fraternally yours,
The Western Clarion has taken a
new lease of .Life—i11,000 Cliirions,
111,000 leaflets, anil a fairly goofl sub-
list for last week.    We can do better
I If every ■oae of you .makes .» de-.
termined -effort to capture the world
for the worjters by the next Dominion
. elections.    Here are the mubihustfcrs
:for the week:
!}!•.t-lghtstoue, Calgaiy, Attn  34
.J. Watson, Winnipeg, ilan    tfi
.Alf. Budden. Organizer., Alta-     «
Dan. McDougall, Winnipeg, Man...    *
.J. N-: Hintsa, Gib-suns Landing	
C. SM. O'llrlen, Organizer, Alta, ...
F. Tipping, Calgary, Alta	
W. W. Lefeaux, Cumberland, B. C.
E. Simpson,  Victoria,  B.  ('	
Sam Jlorwlth. Hull, Que	
K. AOtKy, Evarts, Alta	
G. M., Brumlon, Man	
A. E. Tipper, Vancouver 	
A. W. Baker, Brandlord, Ont	
J. Naylor Cumberland, B. ('	
A S. Julian,  Michel, II. C	
J. W. S. l.ogle, Summerland, II. C.
Dan McLellan, .Merrltt, II. 0	
Wm. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta	
A. Stewart, Moose Jaw; W
Bryce, Demaine, SasK.; W. Gribble,
Cumberland, B. C; P. Anderson, Bar-
net, B. C; Frank Ewai-1, Hound Hill,
Alta.; Thos. Frame, City; J. Sldaway,
City; Mrs. M. Petzold, City; Chas. B.
Morton, City; H. C, Halpenny Victoria; T. Mellalleu, Brandon; Henry
Myers, Carlyle, Sask.; G. F. Stirling,
Salmon Arm, B. C; J. Pllklngtpfl, Enderby, B. O.i Wm. Minton, Fernie, B.
C; H. Fulcher, Brandon; W..L. Phil,
lips, Fernie; H. Norman, New Westminster; Viola Wood, Mountain
House, Alta.
..4 different views on Powell Street
groundB, Jan. 28, 5 cents each.
6 views of later dates.
Huge crowd on Powell St. grounds.
Scenes In Stanley Park.
Speaking through 8 feet megaphone
from boat.
Watching the light from roofs and
The Cossacks.
Finnish bank playing In motor boat,
Reproduced photographs, 3 for 25
Address;   Western Clarion.
"Editor Western Clarion.
Dear Comrade,—Your editorial of
last week re the non-existence of an
organization, to me, hit the nail on
the head. Too long we had editorials
that have been surcharged -with "we
are doing fine," "we coUUl not have
done any better," and to prove it
would be added, "because we have
done what we have done." What
would you call that? Science or dry
rot. Sometimes I imagine that the
leaders in a Local are scared of What
Is known as the political machine, and
When a comrade suggests that it
ought to be examined and see what lt
really Is, he is met with derisive
laughter. They will allow you to pass
a motion to take names for the voters'
list, but When you mention that it ls
-necessary to distribute literature and
then canvass for subs, and get names
for the said voters' list they will at
once dUb you as a "schemer," a "vote
catcher,' 'or a "politician." At the
last Dominion election the campaign
committee had "leaflets printed for distribution! "I saw one comrade putting
them in -stores along one of the principal streets. He might -as well have
put them in the garbage can and
would have saved him that much
energy. When any distributor of
dodgers makes his appearance the
clerk nearest him tells him to "lose"
It. Shoilld there be no customer in
the store at the time, each clerk has
a different suggestion to offer him.
Literature should not be placed in
stores. It should be delivered to
A weekly leaflet Should be delivered
at the same time every week. After
the flrst three months the most of
those who received them would have
urrlved at the conclusion that the Socialists were really crazy after all.
The second three months quite a number would -say, "I like to read -some
of their crazy stuff anyway." A great
many will 'be arguing the point the
third three months, while the fourth
three months wotllU be the time 'to
gather in tbe mlbs. The opinions of
the whole lot -who received the leaflets
wotlld have changed -considerably. In
i'Ward V. of this city another -comrade
and myself distributed 1,000 pamphlets
'Hi three nights at one 'hour and one-
naif pei' night. 1 figured It ont that
24 men -could cover this ward In one
hour and fifteen minutes anytime they
wanted 'to. Platform Socialists shout
about the vower of the preas. I agree
with them. It Is aTl a -matter of
psychology. Impress on a-ny given
individual for a certain time any given
Idea and lie will be compelled to accept it or run away from you. No
workingman can run very far away
from a Socialist today without running into another one. Some one will
perhaps say you will require to give
them sloppy dope before you get results. I cannot see lt. In fact I
would refuse to carry sloppy literature. In conclusion I claim there is
a science in making Socialists and seeing that they vote on election day.
The old adage of when a man becomes
a Socialist he will see to it that he Is
on the voters' list and will vote on
election day Is, to me, so much piffle.
I know the working animal better.
Yours ln revolt,
Vancouver, B. C, March 13th, 1912.
that the small business men In the
mining districts are nearly bankrupt.
One week of strike and the small business man that thinks he belongs to
the capitalist class is nearly bankrupt!
There is much privation and suffering amongst the working class
thrust out of work by the strike. One
week of strike and the workers are
starving. How true ls the Socialist
contention that the workers just get
their stall and fodder.
Already the government Is discussing the advisability of making more
warships to be driven by oil power.
The German coal owners are also
struggling to obtain the markets previously held by tho British.
It Is also certain that the railroads
will increase their oil-driven engineB
before they would sacrifice their profits again by being short of coal. No
doubt, too, the furnace and foundry
people wlll be using more oil and less
And it is extremely probable that
many of the towns that are deriving
their electric power from the use of
steam, will be looking about for ways
and means of getting water power for
their electric power plants.
This strike will do the same for the
working class as must all strikes, that
is, cause the capitalist Class to find
ways and means of doing without as
muehas possible of the workers' labor
power and so even is the workers nu
power and so even is the workers are
"Victorious" they will find "victory"
dearer than would be defeat.
Above all, this strike has shown the
necessity of the workers owning the
government. The Overseas Daily
.Mail says that all the forces of the
crown must be used to keep law and
order. The Daily Chronicle says that
the government shoiffU pass legislation to enable them to confiscate the
miners' funds, therefore causing them
to return to work.
Soldiers are also ordered to Wales,
and It is possible that many regiments
will be sent to the parts affected.
Everything shows that the working
class must have the power before
they can do much. Current events
prove the accuracy of the attitude of
the S. P. of C, based upon Marx's
"It (the working class) must, first
of all, definitely wrest from its class
adversaries the political power."
(By Watts.)
There are quite a few lessons to be
learned from the great miners' strike
In England.
At the time of writing, the strike
has been on Just a week and England
Is bordering on chaos. This shows
how necessary is the working claBS.
A fraction of the working class takes
a week's holiday and trains cannot be
run, ships cannot run and business Is
at a standstill. Had all the capitalist
class taken a week's holiday there
would have been no one the wiser.
The "Winnipeg Free Press" states
A good start. has been made by the
Socialists now in control of the government of the province of Alsace-
Loraine, Germany. They have cut off
Kaiser Bill's yearly allowance of $25 -
000 and ailso the yearly allowance of
$25,000 wKChwas used for the upkeep
of secret police and for political purposes. The amount saved will be used
to better the conditions of State employes.
* *    •
The second batch of free speech
fighters to come up for trial in Vancouver received the following sentences: Two, six months from date
ot* sentence; two., ithree months from
date of sentence; one, three months,
tomtart from date iof,arrest; and one
discharged.    A 5ury itrial of the rest
comes off next month.
* .*  ...
The police of San "Diego have discovered a "dynamite plot" in connection
with ithe free speech (fight there, and
ssix men have been arrested. It's
fOurioue how the authorities are connecting dynamite with every labor
jttivouble ithese days.
* *
San Francisco' has SfliBUt) inemiiloy-
ea, and ait) the charity institutions are
crowded; yet the chamber of com-
maroe are circulating hundreds of
thousands of postcards all ever the
world Inducing  workers to ,iome  to
that land of idleness.
* *   *
Vict-sria's -Central labor body voted
twenty for and eight against a resolution endorsing political action and the
principles and programme of the So.
clalist Party of Canada.
* *   *
Annie Cooper, a seventeen-year.old
girl, has been sentenced to fifteen day«
in the workhouse for picketing a shop
ln the recent shirtwaist strike In New
* *   *
Out of 116 miners who were working in a mine at McCurtain, Okla,, just
before an explosion, only eleven have
been reported as found alive.
* *   »
Vancouver's Trades and Labor
Council voted fifty-three ln favor of
and eight against (two not voting), for
the principles of Socialism.
* *   *
The Socialists of Centreville Station,
New York, elected their three candidates on    the board of    trustees on
March 19.
* *   *
The Arizona State Federation of La.
bor has endorsed Socialism. Every
little movement bas a meaning all Its
* *   *
The Socialists of Haledon, New Jersey, made a clean sweep of the ticket
for school commissioners on March 19.
El Paso, Tex., March 20.—Declaring
that intervention by the United States
would be far better than' that General
Pasqual Orozco, recently an ore wagon
driver, should win in the revolution he
has started In Mexico against the administration of Francisco I. Madero,
Jr., General Benjamin F. Vlljoen, a
hero of the Boer war and a fighter In
Mexico under the banner of Madero,
today gave to the United Press his
view of the situation in the revolt-
ridden republic as follows.
"It is not to be denied that the situation in Mexico today is very grave.
Pasqual Orozco is heading toward
Mexico City. He has progressed along
the main railway a distance of some
400 miles, taking each town as he
reached it. Where he will be stopped
is a question. Madero has no more
soldiers than Diaz has—some 14,000.
How many of these are loyal Is a
If Madero has enough loyal men to
stop Orozco's advance all will be well.
If he has not, then American Intervention will be better than what would
"Orozco was an ore wagon driver at
the beginning of the Madero revolution. He read about Madero'B attempt
to remove Diaz, and he was brave
enough to start a revolution of his
own in his neighborhood even before
Madero's fight was begun. To Orozco
belongs the distinction of having
struck the first blow by arms of the
Madero revolution.
Success Means Chaos.
'But today Orozco with all his skill,
cannot find a man to act as president
of Mexico if his revolution succeeds.
Vasquez Gomez cannot be Orozco's
president; General Trevino has declined Orozco"s offer of the presi.
'There the situation stands, serious
and sinister.
'.Madero is unbelievably brave. By
some personal strike he may win back
the confidence of the Mexican people.
"If the Americans intervene they
will not have an easy conquest It
would cost many lives and take many
months of fighting for them to pacify
the country.
Would Fight Americans.
"The factional strife, I believe,
would cease in Mexico, and all sides
would join to face the invaders. But
if the Americans should come 1 think
their plan will be to enter Mexico at
three points—iLaredo, EI Paso and
No gales.
"The next isetp would 'be to eend
warships and land marines at Vera
Cruz on the GUlf of Mexico and also
on the Pacific .coast. Then they could
gradually close in on Mexico City.
"Many people in Mexico feel that
should the United States once gain a
foothold in that republic it would not
mean an intervention to stop bloodshed among Mexicans, but it would be
a conquest of territory which the
United States would he unwilling to
surrender."—Chicago   Daily   Socialist
Some months ago the Ass wrote an
article on the above subject, but lt
read so "drastic like" that he never
tried to put it over. Having recently
read the fine article in "Big Business
and the Bench" by C. P. Connolly, in
Everybody's Magazine," (by all
means don't miss this) the Abb now
has courage to present for print what
he formerly wrote. In fact he bas
come to the conclusion that neither
Ass language or human language is
adequate to overdraw the real situation.
"A   New  Student   in   Economics."
The other day the Ass was stopped
on the street and interrogated thusly:
I want to have a little talk with you.
I am very much interested in this
Labor Problem and want to get some
books to read on the subject. Of
course I don't want my friends to
know this, but I really want to study
up on the proposition."
This man .was a lawyer, not one
of the highly paid "corporation variety", but just a little "dinky" lawyer
who has tried to make a living by his
wits instead of doing honest work. Not
having many "wits" he has not been
able to prove his usefulness to the
master class and has eked out an existence as a small fry pettifogger. He
might have done better as an ordinary
wage earner—for even  among  these
War, What For?
It is a sincere, well-founded fear of
■bankruptcy (it is not conscience) that
chiefly induces many capitalist rstates-
•men to co-operate at present so loudly
(and piously) with international peace
isodleties. "Now, consider ithe fact that
in twenty-one countries, namely, those
rot -Europe, Japan, and the United
States, militarism costs more than
£l,600;000,000 every twelve months
£l(eo0|000|000 \Whllst ithe human race
festers in ignorance. £1;«00,000,000 rto
"blind and blindfold the multitude with
itheir own blood and rags, whilst their
lives are robbed and ravaged by the
criminals and respectable profit-glutton parasites of mankind.
-gl.600,000,000 in times of peace.
Yell, fool, yell: Hurrah for'hell! For
| war!
War!   -War!   War!
The cost the working Class pay for
being meek, docile, obedient, ready to
slaughter tht-mselvcs, ready to but-
|cher  their  brothers  or    the  working
Hell of the Battlefield.
"The dismal horror of it (the battle)
can best be observed when the actual
struggle is over. Countless corpses
covered with blood lie flat on the
grass and between stones. Some were
crushed In bead and face, their bruins
mixed with dust and earth; the intestines were torn out, and blood trickling from them. The bodies of brave
men built hill upon !iiJJ, their blood
made streams in the valley. Logs,
arts, and heads were scattered about."
("Human Bullets a Tale of the Russo-
Japanese War.") "In what unequalled
contempt do the masters of the world
hold the tollers when they send them
out Into such blood-wastlngs hells.
Shakespeare has expressed the mas.
ter's scorn for the common flesh and
blood of the soldier thus: 'Tut! tut!
good enough to toss food for powder;
they'll fit a pit as well as a better.'"
"LAW"—that It iB a great fabrication
of contradictions and a cunningly woven net of deceit, still it Is a very "exact science"—there is no guesswork,
about lt—it's just a question of who?
has the price to pay for it. And still,
the people Bleep!
Recently on the vaudeville stage the
Ass saw an old-time public school reproduced. It was really funny. Some*
time, he hopes ln the not distant future, he will see the Capitalistic Court:
in Vaudeville. It will be a howling;
farce. Perhaps some day our present:
lawyers and judges will in this way be-,
able to make an honest living.
When that glorious time comes, we
will make a huge bonfire of all their
old rubbish of precedents and perverted justice, clean the slate, and put
real JUSTICE on the throne, AND
EITHER. If the fool people ever get
sense enough to do this, the Ass will
take all the responsibility.
Thirty-two men are dead in San.
Antonio aB the result of an explosion
of a locomotive caused by the carelessness or inexperience of working-
men employed by the Southern Pacific
The   Southern   Pacific   railway did. I
not need to hire an Inexperienced man.
 It could have obtained workmen who>
small fry lawyers competition is fierce Jnave sPent man'' ye*»rB at the trade of
and many of the little fellows know repairing locomotives if it were wil-
what it is to eat liver.
Now I have about as much love
for a lawyer as I have for a polecat,
they are both all right until they get
to doing business.
In every case that comes up, one
side is bound to be wrong—and frequently, now-a-days BOTH sides are
wrong, but a "lawyer" will fight as
valiantly for the WRONG as for the
right—it is part of his training—he
does what he is PAID TO DO, regardless of such trivial things as honesty, ethics or JUSTICE. If his client
is guilty he tells him to plead "NOT
GUILTY", and then he squirms and
twists and schemes and prevaricates
to prove a man not guilty, when he
absolutely knows that he is GUILTY.
A few years of. this sort of bUBineBB
he usually becomes lost to all sense
of ethical discrimination—like a man
who lives near a glue factory and
loses his sense of smell.
There may occasionally he a lawyer
here and there who will accept only
the cases where he is convinced that
his client is right, but they are very
ecarce—about as scarce as hen's
teeth The average lawyer takes
every case that comes to him—and
takes everything else he can get his
hands on—and keep outside the clutches of the other lawyers. From the
standpoint of exhalted manhood he
registers about zero—for all that the
Ass has something to say in his behalf.
In what preceded the Ass said
some pretty severe things about the
lawyers. But there Is nothing to be
gained by blaming them, tho It may
he well to understand their nature and
training. As men they are potentially
as good as any of us—whatever that
means. It is however, a sad commentary on thiB so-called "Christian" age
that a great army of men are required
to PREVERT JUSTICE by their legal
"quibbling" about "precedent" anil
technicalities "
So called "Justice" as dished out by
ithe capitalistic courts Ib certainly a
farce.   If you have money enough to
ling to pay even just a little more
wages and to grant such men the right
to stand together as men and transact
their business with the company as-
one body.
The Southern Pacific is not willing;
to do that. It says: "If we allow our
men to talk to us collectively they wilt
be able to make a better bargain for
themselves with us."
The shopmen of the Southern Pacific went out on strike with the rest,
of the Harrlman lines last October,,
and the company, rather than grant
their moderate demands, hired green
men fiom all over the country, men
who had little or no experience in the
repairing of cars and engines.
Of course, the company knew that
some of these men might blow up an
engine and kill a lot of their fellow
workmen, but what difference would
that make to the company, as It would
mean no financial loss to it except tho.
price of the old engine?
The company could afford to risk
the lives of human beings, both of
those they persuaded to take the
places of the strikers and of the passengers on the trains, and it has done
so for the last five months, just for
the sake of the dollars lt can make by
so doing.
It is unfortunate that these men-
who went into the shops and took the
places of the strikers did not understand the principles Ihey were violating or the risks they were taking in
working together as a group of inexperienced men.
But whatever their faults In this respect, it Is a shame that should make
every American blush when thirty-two
human beings are blown to atoms to
satisfy the greed of a lallroad corporation.
A trusted labor leader named Olc-
son was killed In a railroad wreck in
Ontario, and death came so swiftly
that he did not have time to destroy
papers that he carried that showed
him to have been a life-long spy in the
ranks of tho Western Federation of
It is joy to be alive. History records
no time more resplendent with hope
than right now. To see the faces of
the workers as they flock to the Socialist meetings, all lit up with a strange
light   thinking of the happy homes of
grease the machinery of trickery the ^ worker8i nomc8 of the|r own_ fuIl
lawyers Will pull you through without Qf  ^   t,)e  ^  th|nf,B   the  workers.
injuring a hair of our head-they don't  ,hemselve8   „ave   made    ,mt    greater
want your hair-if they did you would     ,„ |Q gee w,fe am,  bab,M  wUh aU
be bald headed when you got through. \ reaBonab|e  m.P(!a   8u|,I)llp(,   Bnd ,
If you are poor, however, you «• a|101l,h l,(t om to enjoy-one o( life'l
pretty apt to get soaked, even when -,„„„-•■, ln travel ilml entertainments
you  are absolutely  guiltless. L^ ,|fe wor(h Mag
No one but an idiot, or someone l „ (| a w(!„ ^^ m(i(I|(.al fact that
connected with the law-making and L^ „lJllrer| ami sick of a victorious,
LAW BREAKING machinery, will ;army Bllow „„„.„ RI.P,,,(.,. vitllli,.v ,hilI1
have the audacity to maintain thatU, llljl|r(Ml am| „,,.„ „f the ,|ef(,ate(1
"x-Ama at. the bar" are settled on tho|8l(lp Mpn . , „,„„. |iain .,„„ B,(.k.
basis of "Right anil Wrong;" though'
this is always a pretext, it Is just another part of the sliutii.
"Cases nt the liar" aie settled In accordance with the'"Law," hence the
business of the lawyer- and LAW IS
and precedents und previous rulings
and interpretations, anil chicanery and
trickery and- most anything but JUSTICE.
Once a HAD precedent becomes es
tablisbed H Is henceforth GOOD law-
just as good as any other precedent—
and a darn sight better for the purpose of the tricksters and shysters
who twist and distort and make black
'appear white and green yellow.
Even the jury system is a farce.
Sometimes months are spent in finding 12 men who DON'T KNOW ANYTHING—and after they havo been
found they haven't any right to use
what little knowledge Ihey do possesB
—that haB escaped being discovered
when they were "cross-examined." For,
or on their own judgement of the right
and the wrong ln the matter, hut on
the LAW—as Instructed by the Judge.
Oh, I tell you, brethren, this law-making machinery Is great—for the master
In Bplte of the fact that neither the
lawyers nor the judges unOerBtnnd the
ness In the hour of victory and life
becomes a glorious reality, *•
Socialists are on the winning side.
Almost every paper makes record of
tome new Socialist victory, of a greut
increase In Sociallsl strength, of some
stronghold taken, something to make
the blood tingle with victory. These
help lo bear life's burdens, We look
forward to a complete triumph of right
over might.
For forty-five years, since the count'
of the first Socialist vole of 30,000 In
Germany, the advance has been steady
and resistless, gathering sirenglb and
numbers at each election until It has
rolled around tho world uniting the
workerB of all countries, rolors and
creeds, Into a common brotherhood.
Wo could easily count Ihe ripening
fruit. First one, then two or three Socialist officers were elected. Soon
they were elected by the dozen, or
score, but now by the hundred!, Already wo have over twelve hundred
of lhe llfty-flve hundred In tho national bodies of the world, literally
thousands all told.
Tho Socialists of Burro, Vermont,
have succeeded In electing an alderman at tho election just past. The
election of tho alderman is looked
upon as a result of Ihe national Sq-
clallst lyecum course.
__^mwmgatmgaamnjmyBesWayamBmit PAGE FOUR
War to the death has been declared,
the tomahawk has been dug up, the
pipe of peace laid aside and a gallant
band of heroes has started out on the
war path to save the citizens of Calgary from destruction.
The pertubatlon arises out of the
action of the Council of the City ot
Calgary, sitting us a court of revision,
in rating certain property within the
City limits as agricultural land with
an assesement of $f>0.00 per acre instead of rating it us city property at
a much higher asseasemnt.
Our gallant band of heroes Is the
local branch of Single Tax Association,
a body composed of lawyers, real estate agents, merchants and the like,
and is middle class both in composition and aim. To see these heroes marshalling their forces and preparing too
flght to the death from a purely altruistic motive makes our blood tingle
with emotion and surge with eagerness
to join in the conflict.
Unhappily, we are possessed ot
minds that seek reasons for action
and Insist on penetrating through the
outward manifestations of our champions activities and endeavouring to
flnd the motive that forces them to action. Our minds too, have a singular
und unfortunate habit of making comparisons and in this particular case Im-
' pel us to ask why the S. T. A. starts
out on the war path on this occasion
and yet remained quiet when the same
council saw fit to hand over half of the
profits from the street railway for the
relief of the rates. Let it be remembered that the sum in the latter case
only fell short of the former hy a paltry
thousand or so.
Who are the users of the street railway Not the members of the S. T. A.
as a body for they have their automobiles and will soon have their aeroplanes, that is, if capitalism leaves them in
existence, which is doubtful, judging
from the trend of events. Neither the
millionaires who are to be benefited by
the rating at $50.00 per acre mentioned above. NO! you and I my fellow
workers are the only persons as a claBS
who use the street railway.
On the other hand, who is likely to
benefit by the handing over of these
profits to the relief of the rates? Our
8. T. friends will say the workers, but
our minds inquire how? Do many of
the workers of Calgary own any property? Very few compared to the number who use the street railway, and
even supposing that the number equalled the users of the street railway, are
they not, from the S. T. standpoint
holding up land for unearned increment
and is it not, therefore just—whatever
that may mean—that they should pay
taxes on that land. Besides, will not
the millionaires too benefit by this
relief of the rates and in far greater
proportion to that derived by the workers.
Truly this question ot action on the
one hand and inaction on the other is
a problem very perplexing. But, ah!
we had nearly forgotten an important
point. The S. T. A. is composed of
middle class people and these as before stated do not use the street railway very much, so that if the profits
had been placed towards lowering the
fares tbe middle class would not have
felt the benefit. On the other hand the
middle class own quite a few choice
lots in Calgary and the placing of these
profits towards relieving the rates puts
a few cents into their pockets, though
they cannot prevent some of It from
going into the millionaires capacious
and hungry maws. But as this property Ib practically all classed as City
property and assessed accordingly.
And as, moreover, they wlll have
to make good the difference between
the rates which would be derived from
a higher assessment of the land above
mentioned and the lower assessment,
they are out to Btop this depredation.
But Mr. Workingman, they are telling you that you pay taxes. Is this
Let us take two thingB, butter and
overalls. Do they pay taxeB? You
laugh at the question and call it silly,
but wait and see. Butter and overalls are commodities because they are
produced under the division of labor,
not for use but to place on the market
for sale so that a profit may be realized
from that sale. Now we know that
the individual who buys these things
does so because they are of use to him,
. because they have a use value. But
he does not buy them at their use
-value but at their VALUE, that Is, he
;pays for them according to the amount
TIME whicli they contain.
Now all things which are produced
hy the division of labor and for the
purpose of placing on the market for
sale are commodities and will exchange
according to the laws of the exchange
of commodities which is as before mentioned in the ratio of the socially necessary labor time that they contain.
Now let us look at the thing we have
to Bell, our LABOR POWER. We
know that if we are to live ami be in
good condition to work we must consume a certain amount of necessaries
of life in the shape of food, clothing
and shelter.    But these things  today
ure produced under the division of labor, so we say that as our labor power
depends upon the consumption of these
articles, it is produced by them. Therefore it stands to reason that labor
power is produced under the division
of labor. Again in order to live we
must, In these days, sell something. We
have no land or manufactured product
to sell or we would not be a working
class. Therefore we must sell the only
thing we have, namely our labor power.
We see now that labor power satisfies our definition of a commodity and
will therefore, exchange according to
the laws of exchange for commodities
or, in other words at Its VALUE.
We have said above lhat value ls the
amount of socially necessary labor
time embodied in an article and also
that commodities will exchange at
their value. For example, if it takes
six hours ot social labor to make a pair
of overalls, the owner ot these articles
will get for each pair, If he Ib exchanging for butter, just as much butter as
could be socially produced in six hours.
If this is not the case, then one party
or the other must be a loser. That,
however, Ib only possible in an individual case for obviously we could not all
be losers, but we must all exchange
In order to live.
Now, If it is conceded that commodities exchange at value, it of necessity
follows that the commodity "labor power" must, on the average, exchange at
its value, which as we have seen is
according to the amount of socially
necessary labor time which was absorb,
ed in producing it, or according to the
cost, in labor time of the commodities
consumed to produce it.
This.'however, is not strictly correct
for if, when the labor power or any
other commodity is sold, the cost of
production of anything entering into
its composition has gone down, then
the amount of social labor time ne
cessary for producing the commodity,
at the time of sale is diminished. To
be strictly accurate, therefore, -we
say that commodities exchange in proportion to the SOCIALLY NECESSARY LABOR TIME that it would
take to reproduce them.
Now it is understood that the commodity labor power exchanges at VALUE, it is easily seen that the worker
has nothing, on the average, from
which he could pay taxes, but as there
are many who do not accept the principles and deductions mentioned
above, I will get at the same thing
from another standpoint.
Taxes are levies made by governments to meet those expenses which
the government in any particular country shall deem necessary at a given
A government is that particular set
of individuals put into power by own
ers or masters to govern subjects.
"Oh!" someone will say, "but governments in these days are democratic
and owned by the subjects or people.'
In the first place a person or combination of persons cannot at the same
time be subject to and master of the
same person or set of persons, ln
other words the subjects cannot possibly be the owners of the government to which they are subject. It ls
therefore necessary to show that governments are the masters of the people, or to be more accurate the instrument of the masters of the people.
If, aB our supposed Interpolater says,
the people do own the government,
then how ls It that in a strike the
troops are turned out to Are upon
the workers. "Well?" says our friend,
"it is necessary to protect properly."
"True," I reply, "but the working class
has only one form of property—their
labor power—to protect and If the government ls owned by the people, how
Is tt that the people do not first see
that their own property ls safeguarded.
As another Instance let us look at
the efforts of the Moral Reform League. They have for some time been
on the war path against segregated
districts, and the police, the agents
of the government, have raided, on
many occasions, the houses of Ill-fame
which some of the workers frequent.
But who ever heard of the houses of
prostitution that the rich go to being raided by the police. It would b
as much, or rather more than their
jobs are worth.
Further, a mine, owned and controlled by capitalists, blows up through
the neglect of the owners, and hundreds of men are killed or permanently Injured. Are the owners of that
mine arraigned by the government for
manslaughter? Yet If the government
is owned by the people it is to their—
the government's Interest to see that
the lives and property—labor power—
of their masters are looked after or
they will lose their pobs.
It is safe to Bay that, as a general
rule, every one acts according to hla
interests, subject always to his plane
of education. As that ls so we do not
have very far to look to ascertain why
It is that labor legislation Is so Infrequent and when it is put on the statute book, Is so Ineffective. It is because the governments of the world
talists, and therefore look after the
interests of their masters because
their own interests would be impaired
if they did otherwise.
Now to get back to the taxes. It
you do not pay the levy, your government, through its agents, the police,
bailiff, and courts, will seize hold ot
your goods in place of a money payment. If you have no goods worth
taking, they will out of sheer spite,
cast you Into a loathsome prison as
an  example  to other  subjects.
Because of this, It is not hard to
deduce that in handing over certain
money to the government, we are
really putting Into their hands something which already belongs to them
but ls in our hands for a while to
serve a purpose. The purpose is to
delude us into the idea that we have
an interest in the State, that we own
the government and pay taxeB voluntarily as a people or nation and see
that the other fellow pays his also.
If the economic principles laid down
in the early part of this article are
read carefully and in conjunction with
the latter part it will not be a difficult task to see that the worker as a
worker not only pays no taxes, but has
no Interest in the governments of the
world, which belong to and work in
the interests of the capitalist class. All
that the worker does in regard to taxes is to hand over to a government
official something which does not belong to him—the worker—he doeB not
pay taxes in the sense of handing over
some of his own property.    SCAR.
"The Marxian Socialists are not
scientific, and, furthermore, I do not
consider that Karl Marx was a first-
rate economist, his theory of value
being unsound."
While seated in a hall, which was
used for the purpose of discussing
current economic problems, the above
quoted words fell upon my ears, causing my knees to shake together, and
my face to assume a livid hue. At
last an individual had been found
who was about to take from us the
bedrock of the Socialist philosophy
by proving it entirely false.
I hardly dared to stay and hear the
worst, but being encouraged by the
idea that the speaker was possibly
mistaken, I lingered on and listened.
My hopes were dashed to the
ground, however, by the speaker
belching forth the following, with his
stentorian voice:
"I have read the works of Karl
Marx, in which he contends that the
value of a commodity is determined
by the amount of labor power embodied in it."
"I will now give an illustration to
prove the falsity of the claim."
"Let us suppose I engage some men
to dig a hole, in search for gold.
After digging for quite a while they
flnd no gold; labor power has been
expended on the whole. Can Marx
tell me the value of the hole? Would
any of my audience care to purchase
the hole?"
Cheers rent the air for the next
few minutes. Those dreaded Socialists bad been exposed. The speaker
then continued by riddling the "Law
of Surplus Value," and sum and sub
stance of which was the following:
"According to Marx, surplus value
was that part of the wealth produced
over and above his (the worker's)
cost of subsistence. It was nothing
of the sort. Surplus value waa value
produced by the machine, railroads,
etc., of which the owners of the
same were entitled to.
"The worker entered into a bargain
with the employer and received the
market price for his labor power.
Consequently he (the worker) was
getting all he was worth, which would
allow for no surplus value to accumulate.
"The next htlng that Is credited to
Marx Is his 'Material Conception of
History,' which la excusable when we
realize that Karl Marx lived at u
time when materialism was nt its
height. But now thingB were changed,
no flrat-rate thinker would substantiate Marx in his contention. So by
this I am forced to conclude thut
while Karl Marx tried to hit on tbe
right track, and had he lived longer
he might possibly have succeeded, lt
was nevertheless a fact that the principles which he expounded would not
stand the test of close reasoning."
By this time I had recovered suffi
ciently to partake In the ensuing discussion. Questions were asked, and
replied to by the speaker, after which
the meeting was thrown open for
discussion, and, taking advantage of
the opportunity of the platform, it
was my bounden duty to assail the
previous speaker from a logical
standpoint. I will admit that his condescension ln crediting Karl Marx
with attempting to hit the right track
somewhat overcame my modesty, so
much so that I hated to pull tho bottom from his argument. But I
thought of that old adage, "That there
can be no sentiment in business," and
I also know that there can be no room
for sentiment ln class war, that we,
as  Socialists,  are engaged in.
For that reason I challenged the
speaker to produce the book, or pamphlet, wherein Marx contended that
the labor power embodied in any ar
ticle determined its value.   Following
are owned and controlled by the capl-thls  presumption out to Its    logical
conclusion, we would arrive at the
following ridiculous position, that the
slower the individual worked upon
any article, the more valuable It
would become. Let us for illustration
take a case of two workmen mailing
chairs, one is able to make a chair in
one day, while the other takes two
days to make his. According to the
speaker's version of Karl Marx, the
one chair is more valuable because it
took longer to make, a theory which
would be proven fallacious when
those chairs were placed on the market for sale. Now let us see what
Marx really did say, which was:
"That the value of a commodity
determined by the amount of socially
necessary labor power embodied in
it." There we see the vital point
overlooked by the speaker. That theory of value applies to our present
system of wealth production, and has
stood the test of criticism from the
professors of economics of the present
capitalist era. Some have even ruined their reputations ln attempting to
combat the same.
We say, for Instance, that it takes
as much labor power to produce a
suit of clothes as would produce a
watch. One is equal in value to the
other ,and, generally speaking, will
exchange with each other on that
basis. But now suppose that some
machine was invented, and suits of
clothes could be produced with only
one-half the labor time expended on
them, while the production of
watches remained stationary. The result would be that the value of suits
in exchange with watches would fall
one-half. Thereby proving that the
determining factor is labor power.
The picture presented by the speaker
in attempting to discover the origin
of surplus wealth Is pitiable in the
extreme. Unable to reason from any
firm premise, being a stranger to consistency, he early falls a prey to
myths, delusions, etc., conjured up by
his own disordered imagination. Let
us ask ourselves a question: "Where
does wealth come from?"
We have listened patiently to the
erratic utterances of various Indivld-
"Nature," "Providence," "Direct Ability," etc. But we refuse to be beguil-
uals, claiming that wealth came from
ed into such hallucinations. We will
take no statements unless you can
back It up with facts. On the other
hand we maintain that "labor produces all wealth." The raw material
of nature is here, possessing a potential value; but in order for that raw
material to be shaped and adapted to
the needs of society, labor power
must be employed, the last named giving it its exchange value, thereby
proving that labor is the source of all
that the tools of production are owned by the capitalist claas, which accounts for the workers' ability to
hang onto the wealth he creates. He
merely receiving enough in the form
of wages to continue with the toil,
and perpetuate his kind. The speaker's statement that the machine, railroads, etc., produce surplus value, Is
distinctly refreshing, but can be
taken as an indication of childishness
on his part, when it is applied to
present day facts. I would like to assure the speaker that the capitalists
are in business essentially for profits,
which ls another name for surplus
value, and not to find us work, as he
fondly imagines, and that consequently if the machine could produce surplus wealth the worker would become
superfluous, and could end their unfortunate existence by being fed to
the pet dogs of the female portion of
the smart set. I feel bound to compliment the speaker on coming back
to mother earth, after his dreamland
flight, and stumbling upon the following truth: "That the worker enters
into a bargain with his employer and
gets the market price for his labor
power." It could not have been more
ably put by a Socialist. The difference being that the speaker apparently approves of such slavish bargaining, while we as Socialists are opposed to lt. The latter part of the
sentence I am forced to deny, wherein
he says the worker gets all he ls
worth. If that is so, will you please
account for the luxurious manner in
which the idle rich live? And judging by the general rotundity of their
lower regions, won't you concede that
there Is possibly a little that the
worker is worth, but does not get?
The speaker again resorts to the airship method of reasoning when dealing with the materialist conception of
history as discovered by Marx, and
which is, "That the way in which society gets its living is the dominant
factor in that society, and that, accordingly, the economic structure of
society at any time prevalent constitutes the foundation, and explains the
whole superstructure of political, judicial and educational institutions.
The discovery of this conception
made it possible to explain tho consciousness of man by his existence,
instead of, as until then, his existence
by his unconsciousness. This conception, contrary to the speaker's opinion, is, and has been, defended by the
greatest thinkers of this era, of whom
I might name such men as Lewis H.
Morgan, Haeckel, Thorold Rogers,
Spencer, Lorla and Professor Selig-
mann. Others could be mentioned
who subscribed to the materialist conception.     In closing, I would recom-
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