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Western Clarion Nov 2, 1912

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Array WESTERN
k     OWNED Arto CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
i~
I
OAR
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS OF THE WORKING CLA
ll jjBER 692
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1912
Subscription Price ■>■ AA
PER YBSR       Ol.UU
n
IPS FOR THE PLUTOCRATS
How Relief From the Burdens of Wealth May Be
Obtained and Health and Physical Betterment Secured.
Some working people I have known
seem to be of the opinion that to be
wealthy necessarily involves happiness. To be free from the necessity
of toil; to be able to spend the hours
in any way we pleaBe; to have a home
replete with every luxury; to be ln a
position to provide every comfort for
our families; to follow up any hobby
we happen to have a taste for, from
writing poetry to backing racehorses;
to travel via automobile, Pullman car,
ocean liner or aeroplane to our heart's
content: ln short, to possess the
leisure and the means to gratify every
desire, natural or artificial, musi of
necessity imply that the lot of the
individual so situated. Is eminently desirable—so they imagine.
The writer, however, is a reader of
the newspapers, and finds that such
is not the case. We frequently encounter the assertion on the part of
the high and mighty that to be
wealthy Is not to be happy—that, the
burden and responsibility of great
wealth is cumbersome in the extreme,
and that the poor working-man ls to
be envied. We have sometimes approached theae great ones and offered
to relieve them of at least some portion of their heavy load In the true
spirit of the Scriptural Injunction,
"Bear ye one another's burdens," but
invariably there has been nothing doing. On the contrary, close scrutiny
of the careers of these burden-bearers
reveals the fact that by investment
and speculation they are striving to
increase the loads of wealth they must
carry through life; martyrs, no doubt,
ln their own estimation, to the com-
'6d, We seldom hear of a
irdeued Individual giving
awmy any considerable portion of his
I; and If by any chance a rich man
his. money, tie usually commitB
suicide; 10 that by these indications It
would appear that the complaints
about' tbe burdens and responsibilities
ot great wealth are all bull con No,
tt ia another aspect of their case the
'writer has in mind.
"We have noticed with regret that
the upper class, the captains of industry, the pillars of society, are prone to
various ills and complaints. Rockefeller, for Instance, is a sufferer from
acute Indigestion. His stomach is out
of whack. He has offered a large sum
of money for a new set of inside fixings, but so far has failed to secure
any offers. On one occasion we were
grieved to learn, from the "Daily
Mirror," that on the preceding day
King Edward had not smoked his
usual cigar because he was suffering
from an indisposition and his doctor
had advised him to refrain from
■smoking. We often read of society
leaders taking the "cure" nt various
European health resorts, where are
provided baths of all kinds: Turkish
hatha, electric baths, mud baths, sun
oaths, for treating gout and other
complaints brought on by too free indulgence in champagne, port, sherry,
pate de foie gras, truffles, turtle soup
and other viands difficult of nsaimlla
tlon, that comprise the bill of fare of
these unfortunate martyrs. We un
derstand the idea Is, by means of
these baths, to eliminate the poisons
which have been taken into the system so that the sufferers can return
to society with a good appetite and
take in a fresh supply.
Nervous prostration ls another trouble; the constant round of excitement,
motoring, attending receptions, at
homes, theatres, card parties and
dances, day after day and night after
night, all this is hard on the delicate
nervous system. Then there are
brain-storms and appendicitis and a
good many other complaints the
writer will not mention for various
reasons.
Now the reader who has Journeyed
thus far with us will begin to wonder
what In the deuce we are writing
about.     He  may  be  so  callous,  so
umns, a means of alleviating their
own ailments, and recuperating their
digestive organs and other defective
interior apperatas.
It is a popular idea that the nastier
the medicine the more certain and
speedy the cure resulting from its use.
The remedy 1 would propose is nasty
enough ln all conscience, and not at
all attractive to any cultured taste.
WORK is the label on the bottle. I
will merely indicate the treatment to
be followed. For indigestion, active
exercise in the open air, say with a
pick and shovel, for ten hours a day
will be found most beneficial. For
gout and similar complaints, a few
months' sojourn in a smelter or foundry, in close proximity to one of the
furnace!., will induce a splendid perspiration and prove even more efficacious than the electric hot mud bath
as provided at the Boilermout Baths,
Baden-Baden.
For insomnia or sleeplessness, we
recommend a job as hired man on a
ranch. Ten hours on the land, with
chores morning and evening while
you're resting, will result ln sound
slumber from the moment you hit the
blankets until the musical chimes of
the alarm clock, thoughtfully provided
by the kind employer, arouse you to
the delights and pastimes of another
day.
For nervouB prostration, the advantages of the lumber camp are not to
be overlooked. However, care must
be taken by the patient to keep as
far as possible from the foreman, as
the remarks of that individual are, at
times, very Irritating and not at all
soothing to the nerves. '
For eye-strain brought on by the
glitter and glare of the theatre and
the dance hall, the coal mine is undoubtedly the place. The darkness ts
restful to the optic nerves, and the
gentle exercise Involved In the mining
Industry tends to tone up the entire
Bystem.
For lame back, we suggest potato
digging and hoeing turnips: this will
undoubtedly strengthen the spinal
column.
Treatment along these lines for
other complaints will readily occur to
the Intelligent capitalist. A special
treatise on this subject has been compiled and will be forwarded to those
interested on the receipt of $2.50 (to
pay postage nnd packing only). Those
wishing to avail themselves of these
cures will do well to apply to Messrs.
Hirem and Flrem, employment agents,
who will advise as to destination.
Their fee Is merely nominal—one dollar1.
Unfortunately lt is only too probable that many of the sufferers will
despise such treatment as being too
"cheap," and worse than that, too
"common," However, it ia our pleasure to Inform such that, ln the near
future, they will take their turn at
useful work along with the rest of us,
and their health wlll be Immensely
benefited by the fresh air and invigorating physical exerclBe.
This may, and probably will, Involve
some Belt-sacrlflc on the part of us
workers—we shall perhaps not have
enough WORK to go round. At any
rate we shall not have as much WORK
as we have now—but we must not be
greedy. We must not. keep all the
good thingB for ourselves.
ALF. JOHNSON.
L'INTERNATIONALE.
Arise, ye prisoners of starvation,
Arise, ye wretched of the earth,
For justice thunders condemnation;
A better world's in birth.
No more tradition's claim shall bind
us,
Arise ye slaves! no more in thrall!
The earth shall rise on new foundations, ,
We have been naught, we shall be
all.
'Tis the final conflict,
Let each stand in his place.
The International Party
Shall be the human race:
'Tis the final conflict.
Let each stand in his place.'
The International Party
Shall be the human race.
We want no condescending saviors
To rule us from a judgment hall.
We workers ask not for their favors;
Let us conault for all.
To make the thief disgorge his booty,
To free the spirit from Its cell.
We must ouraelvea decide our duty;
We must decide and do it well.
The law oppresses us and tricks us,
Taxation drains the victim's blood;
The rich are free from obligations,
The laws the poor delude.
Too long we've languished in subjection;
Equality has other laws.
"No rights, says she,  "without their
duties;
No claims on equals without cause."
Behold them seated in their glory,
The kings of mine and rail and soil!
What have you read in all their story.
But how they plunder toll?
Fruits of the people's work are burled
In the strong coffers of a few;  .
In voting for their restitution
The men will only ask their due.
Toilers from shops and field unite,
The party we of all who work;
The earth belongs to ub, the people—
No room here for the shirk.
How many on our flesh have fattened!
But If the noisome birds of prey
Shall vanish from the sky one morning,
The blessed sunlight still will stay.
TEN   MEN   WORTH   $3,000,000,000.
Private fortunes in America sbo^
amazing growth. Some of them have
been notably increased by the great
rise that has taken place in Standard
Oil and American Tobacco subsidiaries and securities since those trusts
were dismembered by the courts. I
heard a man possessed of many state
secrets figure at $3,000,000,000 the
combined fortunes of ten American
multi-milllanalres who are known the
world- over. Think of it. Three billion dollars divided more or less fairly
among only ten persons! My Informant took pencil and pad and estimated,
very conservatively he claimed, these
great fortunes as follows: John D.
Rockefeller, $1,000,000,000; Andrew
Carnegie, $500,000,000; J. P. Morgan,
$300,000,000; William Rockefeller,
$250,000,000; George F. Baker, $250,
000,000; James B. Duke, $200,000,000;
James Stillman, $200,000,000; Hanry
C. Frlck, $150,000,000, and W. K. Van-
derbilt, $150,000,000. The Income of
$3,000,000,000 at 5 per cent, is $15,000,
000 a year. Its recipients do not
spend lt all. What Is the surplus income of the multi-millionaires of New
York? Only ten are named here. No
mention is. made of the Phippses, the
Morses, the Relds, the Goulds, the
Archbolds, and others whose fortunes
range anywhere from $50,000,000 to
$150,000,000. The grand aggregate, of
course, must be enormous. And the
percentage of It which goes Into securities for investment helps to account
for the absorption and concentration
of dividend- paying stocks.—Boston
News Bureau.
COMRADE C. M. O'BRIEN
Will speak at the following places:
New Westminster. Sunday. November
3; Gibson's Landing, Tuesday, November 5; East Collingwood, Thursday,
November 7; Newport, Friday, November 8; Salmon Arm, Tuesday, November 12.
THE TALE OF A "MAJORITY"
"Respectable Employees" of Coal Company Endeavor
to Rescue Misguided Strikers From Error
of Their Ways.
The material interests of the farmer Is Identical with that of the wage-
worker.
Unfortunately no one but yourself
can awaken you. No one can do your
work but you. Aa a child In school,
who depended on othera to do his pro
blems, would never know his lessons,
so you have never learned your pollti
cal leasons because you leave others
do your thinking, and have gulped
down their whole concoction without
even a grimace. If you are not the
dupe of others you muat atudy theae
CLINGING FAST TO ERROR
The athiesta who are not Socialists
accuse us of being Christians. The
Christiana who are not Socialists ac
cuse us of being athiests. The facts
are, as Socialists we are neither.
Apart from our Socialism we may be
either or neither. A great deal depends on what capitalism made us before Socialism found us.
Mathematics la a science. They who
understand mathematics are mathematicians, whether they are Christians,
or athiests, or neither. Socialism Ib
the science that, deals with the various
methods of producing wealth, and the
Social Institutions eminating therefrom. They who understand the sci-
enco called Socialism are Socialists,
whether they are athiests, or Christ-
Inns, or neither.
We Socialists maintain that the political, educational, fraternal, religious
and anti-religious institutions of any
people are but the superstructure expressing the Ideas derived from the
particular method by which said people obtain their living. We know that
people who have a different method
of producing wealth to what we have
also have different ideaa to ours, and
as the method of getting a living
changes, so ideas also change, and
the Social Institutions must change or
give away to new Institutions that ex-
presa the new Ideas. That which can
not change to conform to Its changing
environment must perish
A meeting was held here to-day,
under the auspices of (according to
the opening remarks of the chairman)
"two respectable employees of the
Canadian Colliery Co." Only those
who were employed by the company
at the time the present holiday was
declared were eligible for admittance
to the meeting. It is quite evident
that the motive of debarring any who
were not employed by the company
was to keep out the District officials
of the Miners' Union. These two "respectable employees" of the company
had at their beck and call the whole
police force of Cumberland, also the
imported thugs who stood guard at
the door to see that none but employees should gain admittance. This
is the first time ln the history of Cumberland that armed guards have been
necessary to conduct a meeting- of any
kind, and on this occasion the motive
aimed at was not attained. , By the
continual boring of the rebels who
had gained admission the two "respectables" and their poltroon, who acted
as chairman, decided to open the
meeting to all. So they politely told
the plate-lickers ot the Canadian Colliery Co., who were guarding the door,
to let everybody in that wanted to
come in.
Eventually the meeting was called
to order. The chairman, who, Judging him by appearance and logic, is a
typical example of our pie-Adamite
anceators, talked for a while about
nothing, then summed up by Inviting
one of the two "respectables" to state
the motive of the meeting. "Respectable" number one said: He and many
more were under the Impression that
this holiday had been called by a
minority of the miners of this camp,
and that we had now been idle near a
month, and no headway had been
made by the U.M.W. of A. He was
without money and food. He thought
the majority of the men were willing
to call the strike off." After giving
the men some fatherly advice, telling
them "the best thing they could do
was to get back to work, he concluded his lecture on scabology by making a motion "that a committee be appointed to interview the management
platform to answer, amid great applause. The antediluvian again objected, on the grounds that only employees Bhould be allowed to speak.'
Pattlnson would have spoken bad lt
not been for the reflex of the economic conditions, who were still at tbe.
beck and call of the two "respectables," and who were still ln the hall,
and lt was only by calling the watchdogs of Capitalism Into action tbat
he was prevented from so doing.
Once more the truth of the axiom,
"Might Is Right," was made manifest
A town councillor took the platform, and made the statement that
"there was a thug and spy in the hall,
and that he (the spy) had advised the chief of police to arrest
some of the agitators. The speaker
advised the men to be orderly. At
this stage a form In the rear of the
hall was seen to sneak away with
his head down, like a whipped cur.
Finally, the motion was put to the
house, and the "majority who were
opposed to the strike in the flrst
place, and who were now eager to call
off the strike," put up their hands, all
four of them. Out of a hall full of
men, packed to the doors, four voted
to go back to work. The rest voted
to continue the strike. Seeing their
game was up, the "respectables" and
their man Friday, together with the
bluecoats, left the hall, and Pattlnson,
amid great applause took the platform, and gave a spiel on the preaent
commodity Btruggle, which was well
appreciated. The crowd then dispersed. SPIDER.
Cumberland, B.C.
P.S. The salaries of the District
officials have been cancelled until tbe
strike here is called off, making the
interests of all Identical. Writs have
been issued and served on flflfteen
members of the union to appear before the Supreme Court at Victoria
within eight days. The charge
against the men is inciting employees
of the coal company to break their
contract and quit work, although no
contract existed before the Btrike.
This is a preliminary move to railroading the agitators.
Apparently  the company  seems  to
more effective to hire and bribe members of our class to do their political
work; and, like the rest of our class,
they    usually work for nothing   and r -« • *,-    ... .    , , , ,,.„,,,
„ .  ..     „    ,  f, , ,„ ..     think the men here can t fight, without
board themselves.   Often they are so of the  Coal  Company to see  if  the'.    . . .....
men could go back to work."
"Respectable"  number  two  got up
and   said:   "He   knew  the   men   had
rued taking the action they did.  They
ill informed that It is easy to play
upon their prejudices. Not knowing
how to apply scientific research to
social    questions when    dealing with
Such questions, they have to smother i knew they were in the hole," and
any sense of manhood that they other-J finished by seconding the. motion,
wise possess.   That's why individuals, which was now open for discussion
honorable In other respects, will stoop
ao low In politics. After election they
will brag about the deceit they practiced on their fellow Christians and
brother members of fraternal societies. They lack the courage to oppose
the power that exploits them. They
crave the privilege of associating for
a short time before election with the
It may be noted that the chairman,
the mover and seconder of the motion
were all officials in the company's employ prior to the strike. The three
are pretty good impersonators of such
prominent people as Baden Powell,
Brlgham Young, Dr. Crlppen, John
Burns, and Harry Orchard. When
Joe Naylor took the platform he was
belter paid lackeys of the rule of capl-. Interrupted seeral times by the chair-
tal. They lick the hand that cuffs 1 man for evading the question at issue,
them. At election time they allow but the audience roared, and insisted
themselves to sink so low In the scale j that Joe should say what he liked
of being that they seek to get some without, being interrupted by anyone,
flunkey to bribe them. A miner when The chairman made many attempts to
asked why ho was at a Conservative'butt In, but he was cried down by the
rally, Bald tho Socialists have nothing audience on every occasion. Joe
to give mc. When asked If the Con-1 Naylor, who is the President of the
servatlvos gave him anything, he said,I Local Union, gave a clear explanation
"No, bnt I may get something," evi-'of the preaent crisis here. He said
dently Ignorant of the fact that thej he was doubtful whether Nanaimo
promise was his price to betray him-! would I>ut "P a fight against discrlm-
self and his class. Such are the ma-^nation or not, but he was "confldoni
jority of the anti-Socialists. Such .that they would put up a fight for u
were we before we became Socialists, i wage  or  working agreement  and  re
* | leaders. I can assure them that so
far as Cumberland Is concerned leaders are nothing. They (the men)
can fight just as well, If not better,
without them, and the leaders know
it.
Provincial police are being shipped
In by the Government to break the
strike. This is where the men get
left. The employera uae political
power, nnd that la something the workers have not yet learned.
(Since  reading  the  above,  we  feel
I sure  the   word   "Tale'1   in   the   title
i should  have  been  spelled  T-a-l-1.    As
the paper Is now off Ihe press, however, It Is too late to rectify the error.
—Editor Clarion.)
COMRADE  W. A. PRITCHARD
Wlll speak at the City Theatre. New
Westminster, Sunday, November 10.
Doors open ul 7:.10. Bring along that
friends of yours and get him wlaed
up.
THIRD   EDITION  OF   MANIFESTO
The third edition of the Manifesto
of the Socialist Party of Canada is
now ready for the Canadian slaves who
do not know their position In aociety.
A  new  cover    and  a  few  additional
When the science called astronomy j But to the extent that we understand, cognition of the union.     A scale of
discovered certain facts religious folks the economic laws governing the pro-] wages has been drawn up, and Is now	
made a great holler.      However, Te-|«l action of wealth under the rule   of! before the operators to api-trove °f_°* j features are in the makeup of the new
edition.
Prices ten cents a copy, seventy-five
cents a dozen and alx dollars a hundred, postpaid.
llgloua Institutions did not perish, but capital, to that extent do we learn to; not. The miners of Washington have
they did change their views regarding despiae and realst deceit. Slavery and; promised that, if the National WU
astronomy. If there were ieaa holler- deceit are inaeparable, particularly a give them consent to do ao, they will
Ing and more examining of the facts|slavery garbed  ln the cloak of free-'break their contract and come out in
dom.    Slaves who are not conscious, sympathy with the miners of Vancour-
dlacovered by Socialism, it would be
better for all concerned. Socialism
accounts for and explains the origin,
problems  for  yourself.   It  would  be
just aa fooliah for you to accept the!function, growth and decay of all In-
Soclallat party without understanding] stitutlons.     Those   Institutions   that
selfish, so unsympathetic that the suf- its fundamentals as lt haa been tori function as they profess will welcome
you ln accepting the fairy tales the exposure; but those Institutions that
old party heelers have been singing do not function as they profess, fear
Into your ears for generations., You | exposure.   Hence the holler.   And in
of their slavery cling to the cloak like! ver Island; and If they don't get con
a fiend to his dope. How I abused the: sent to strike, they will help us finan-
Socialists who pulled off the cloak] daily If necessary. It Is not the men
and revealed to me the facts.
ferlngs of the upper class do not appeal to him. This is very wrong. Do
not the capitalists cause to be built
hospitals, asylums and gaols, for the
benefit of the sufferers among the
workera? And shall we be leas solicitous concerning their welfare? By
bo meanB. Be lt understood that the
object of the writer of the lines Is to
point out to John D., Pierpont Morgan, Lord Strathcona and others of
that ilk when they peruse these col-
should have enough of knowledge that
none of the parties could make a dupe
of you.   Get wise.
Remember—always remember! All
the expenses of all wars ln all the
world ln all time have been paid with
the results of productive labor. Always—finally—the, working class pay
all the expenses ot all wars.
the name of that' which they profess
(not what they are) they will use all
the cowardly, dirty, low, mean, back-
stabbing trickery characteristic of
they who profess one thing and practice another, against they who bring
forth the facts. The real capitalists
seldom ever appear before the electors.   They flnd it much cheaper and
COST OF A  RICH  MAN.
At  the  smallest  average,  for   the
But] who are In the hole, but the company. | making of a single rich man we make
a thousand whose life long Is one flood
those who know the facts do not des-llf the two men who are respeonslble
pair because they are abused.    It is' for thla meeting are respectable, then
while the cloak is being pulled off that] I am not, and I don't think there are
we Bhow to what depths capitalism' many such respectables In the town,
has degraded its wage slaves. A few and it is my opinion that they who
slaves in the Rocky Mountain district] are responsible for this meeting are
of Alberta, who are holding to the re- hlrellnga of the company "
mainlng fragments of the cloak, struggling to stay with the old and resist
Joe was loudly applauded when he
finished.      Another    took    the    plat-
the new, are resorting to trickery that] form, and made a bad break by ask-
in the near future they will regret.     lng a question of Organizer Pattlnson
More again. the  speaker  defending  the  "respect-
C. M. O'BRIEN.
ables."  Pattlnson at. once got on the
of misery. The charnel houses of
poverty are ln tho shadow of the palace, and as one Ib splendid, so Is the
other dark, poisonous, degraded. How
can a man grow rich except In the
spoils of others' labor? His boasted
prudence and economy, what is lt but
the most skilful availing himself of
their necessities, most resolutely
closing up his heart against their cries
to him for help,—Froude. PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1912.
Published every Saturday by thc Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
POST OFFICE ADDRESS, LABOR
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THE WESTERN CLARION
Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St., Vancouver,
B. C.
g**,Q*"*— Watch the label on your paper. If
OjJ * this number ts on lt, your subscription   expires   the  next  issus.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1912.
SLOW STARVATION.
In another column will be found an
article clipped from one of the big
London newspapers dealing with the
awful conditions prevailing among a
large section of the working class
population of that city. According to
this authority v. multitude of wage-
workers and their dependents are actually perishing through Blow starvation.
We are living in an Empire which
we boastfully proclaim as the greatest
that ever happened. That great
achievements have been attained by
the British people along all lines that
are considered great by the bourgeois
world none can deny. By the exercise
of all the acts of diplomatic cunning,
hacked up whenever necessary by
openhanded brigandage the world
has been conquered and made subject
to British rule and rapacity and the
emblem of her trade and commerce
may be seen in every land and upon
every sea. Her "morning drumbeat
rolls round the earth.' The world pays
tribute to her power and greatnesa
and pays that tribute in an endless
stream of wealth poured Into the
British Isles from the harrasaed and
tortured victims of her consclencelesB
rule in other lands.
And by what token is this plunder of
the earth made possible? By what
magic can a world be made to pay
tribute in huge volume to the British
hies and a large proportion of the
population of those Isles be held in
subjection to slow starvation in the
very presence of that wealth?
When Rome conquered the then
known world this was made possible
because of the tireless skill and Industry of her working population.
Tbe Roman workingman was at that
time the most highly skilled and productive on earth. Upon his skill and
productive power Rome depended for
the equipping and maintaining of her
armies and that dependence was not in
vain, for her armies were made invincible and all-conquering by the skill
and industry of Roman workmen in
fashioning military equipment and
Other necessaries to successful conquest. But as Rome conquered the
world she poured into her home dominions the spoils of that conquest,
largely ln the shape of slaves, and the
fairly comfortable conditions that had
for long surrounded the Roman workmen were gradually broken down and
thousands of those workmen eventually perlshde by "slow starvation,"
or were ruthlessly slaughtered by the
soldiery when they had the temerity
to revolt ayalnst the awful conditions.
And now it Is Britain's turn. In
point of skill and Industry the British
workman needs take a back seat to no
other that ever lived. For the last
thousand years he haB been in the
forerront on the industrial field. With
a rapidity that is startlinp he has improved and perfected the tools of Industry and tremendously Increased hU
productive power thereby. So great
has been the volume of his production,
over and above the actual necessities
of his own being, that a large surplus
has been available to be shipped to
other lands. Goods bo shipped away
return In the shape of other goodB for
which they have been exchanged,
these in turn to be disposed of ln the
home market or to be worked up Into
other forms for still further shipment
abroad. Thus has British trade and
commerce heen builded up and by this
process Is it still building. By this
process ls Britain reaping the fruits of
her conquests.
The fruits of her conquests eventually react upon her own workmen
much as the fruits of Roman conquest did upon the Roman workman
in the days of old. So long as ample
markets could be found abroad to absorb the surplus accruing from British
Industry the workmen would he kept
fairly busy and their wages at least
sufficient to make conditions tolerable.
But when outside markets begin to
contract, or at least fall to expand In
the same ratio that production Increases, trouble begins. So long as
exports exceed Imports things move
along fairly well. This means that
at least a portion of the wealth exported remains in some foreign country, there to be fastened upon the peo
ple of that country, as capital.. This
tends to keep home industry going.
But when matters turn the other way
and Imports encroach upon exports,
the effect is soon felt by the workers.
If the volume of Imports should exceed
that of exports the capitalists might
find themselves in possession of an
increased mass of wealth, but Industry would tend to slacken off and
workers flnd their wages cut and employment curtailed.
It has long since become absolutely
Impossible for the capitalists ot Britain
or any other country to employ all of
the working force of the land. It Is
becoming each day more difficult to
dispose of what Is being produced by
that portion of the workers now employed. Every advance along-the line
of improvement in the mechanism and
technique of Industry still further aggravates the situation. More workers
are dispensed with and they are turned over to the tender mercies of "slow
starvation." This is the best that
capital can do for the workers. Even
the paper quoted from in another column offers no solution.
The token by which Britain and all
other capitalist nations attain to their
boasted greatness is the enslavement
of labor. The magic by which the
world's wealth Ib turned Into capitalist
pockets and a multitude of workers
held in submission to "slow starvation" ln the very presence of plenty,
is the Ignorance of the workerB as a
class. It is only an ignorant class
that can be held in shackles, either
spiritual or material. It is only a
densely ignorant class that can be
held in bondage when the enslaved
outnumber the masters an hundred to
one. Not only ls such a class densely
Ignorant but cowardly as well.
The conditions pictured ln London
demand earnest and careful consideration by every workingman wherever
he may be. Like conditions exist
everywhere, varying in degree only.
That which has brought so many
British workmen to such dire straits
will eventually land the rest of ub in
the same "slough of despond." The
same accursed rule of capital prevails
here ln Canada as in the British Isles
and by the same token and the same
magic will the Canadian worker be
forced to eventually tread the path of
starvation, either slow or otherwise.
Thousands of Canadian workmen are
not far from that path even now.
No palliative reform or patchwork
nostrum can solve this problem. Its
solution calls for action most drastic
and severe upon the part of the slave
class against the master class. The
rule of capital must be broken and
the lordahlp of labor over Its own
product asserted against all the world.
This calls for the earnest and best
efforts of every member of the working class and as enlightenment brushes
the cobwebs of ignorance from the
workers' mind those efforts will be
forthcoming and bear fruit. Millions
are already Beeing the light and there
are more to follow. If we would avoid
the "slow starvation" route let ua act
like men, by doing all ln our power
to arouse our class to Intelligent action in Its own behalf. Some of us
may meet death in the struggle, but
there are many ways of dying that are
preferable to "slow starvation," and
that is the culmination of all thst
capitalism can do for the working
class.
#
SLOW   STARVATION   IS   FATE  OF
MANY.
Many  Homes Have Already Sold
Everything and Families Are
Moving to Poorhouses.
"All ls quiet In the East end." True,
the streets are full of people, standing or strolling for the most part ln
silence. Even the groups of eagerly
anxious women who gathered on Sunday and Monday at the places where
bread and milk were being distributed, the bare-footed, ragged children
assembling at the feeding centres,
speak only now and again, and then
in low voices and few words. (Some
of the children's voices, indeed, have
grown so weak that one must stoop to
hear them.) Such quiet Ib awe Inspiring; it Is stillness of a folk made
dumb hy suffering and awaiting in a
sort of helpless hush further impending  catastrophe.
In Rotherhithe and Bermondsey, In
Bow, Poplar, and West Ham, the
scene repeats ItBelf—the pavement,
full of silent men, the women In the
stripped homes, accepting the situation without remark beyond an occasional, "It's cruel hard on the children."
There are so many children to feel
the hardship! Dockers marry young,
and have large families. In house
after house one finds a woman surrounded by Six, eight, nine children.
It is where there are several children
under school age that, the situation is
most desperate; the destitute rehool
child at least gets one meal a day five
days a week. I asked one small boy
whose face of wistful pain will be n
haunting memory—he might have sat
for a molel of one of Count Ugollno's
sons In the Hunger tower—how many
younger than himself there were at
home, and he anBWered "Three,"
showing me with hla hand how they
stood like little steps one below the
other.
Born to Trouble.
Like most of the boys under a certain age he was shoeless and stock-
ingless. This ls a common enough
sight in the East End; when times
are bad a boy runs barefooted without
exciting much comment. But it is
otherwise' with the girls ln ordinary
seasons. Now they, too, are without
shoes, and many of the smaller ones
have scarcely clothes to cover them.
As for the babies new come Into this
grim world, they would be ln a hopeless plight Indeed If it were not for
the charitable hands that have sent
garments to clothe them. From a
single centre on Saturday morning
there were sent out fourteen "maternity" parcels to homes where there
was not as much as a sheet to cover
the bed where the mother was lying,
nor a gown in which to wrap her newborn infant. I shall never forget the
look ln the eyes of a young fellow of
about three-and-twenty, waiting to
know if some such aid could be sent
to his wife, who had just given birth
to her first child. No provision had
been made for the confinement; none
could be, seeing that this was one of
2,000 households ln a single district of
Poplar Which for" a fortnight past
have sustained on 4s worth of food
tickets a week.
I have spoken of the houses as
"stripped." This is literally the case
ln many quarters ot Dockland; but in
some, inhabited by a more refined
class, the families of the "permanent"
men, a tremendous effort has been
made to avoid "breaking" up the
home," and their faces look even
more wan and pinched than among
the rougher sort who have sacrificed
all other kinds of well being to the
satisfaction of hunger. Payment of
rent and shop bills has stopped—
stopped, so completely that it will not
be much longer possible for the smaller
landlords and provision dealers to
maintain a waiting policy. Many of
them are. themselves at the end of
their credit, and on the verge of ruin.
Evictions have begun, and the Ditlful
sight may be seen of the last few poor
sticks" on the pavement, and of a
group of families, three or four at a
time, moving miserably to the workhouse.
What  "Neutrality"  Means.
Things are bad enough already. But
they are going to be much worse in
a few  days'  time, when  the schools
close—unless,    Indeed,    the    London
*
County, before these lines are in
print, rescinds Its refusal to continue
feeding the necessitous school children during the holidays. The Council
—or that portion of it which by a
narrow majority rejected the appeal
of the Progressives for the continuance of the feeding—might take courage and example from the neighboring council of West Ham, which has
school meals, but for weeks past has
given breakfasts as well as dinner to
destitute scholars. On purely economic grounds there is argument enough for the humane course. It is a
costly saving that Is effected at the
expense of constitutions undermined
and brains dulled by semi-starvation
of overflowing hospitals and poor law
schools. But If men and women who
argue In favor of Inaction ln this
strike as a whole—would go and see
for themselves what "neutrality" is
entailing on a population equal to that
of a great city, and above all on the
most helpless portion of it—the women and children—the economic argument would not be needed. Common humanity would speak too loud
to be gainsayed.—London Daily News.
the country, where the need of able-
bodied men is bo badly evident? "*
EMPLOYMENT   OF   CONVICT
LABOUR.
The following are a few excerpts
taken from a paper read by P. W.
Luce at the recent Canadian Highway
Convention In Winnipeg, and published In the Winnipeg Free Press.
The headings are ours.
Men who have studied the question
agree on one point: that the reformation of the convict is greatly helped
by honest toll. Workshops have been
established in practically all peniten-
taries, and the severest discipline
short of bodily punishment, that can
be imposed on a convict Is that of
solitary confinement, where the man
is left a prey to remorse and conscience.
To Work Out Their Own Salvation.
In our Canadian penitentiaries moat
of the work done by the convicts is
connected with the running of the institution in which they are confined.
Some of the Inmates carry on farming
operations on land attached to the
penal settlements, others are em
ployed in the bakery, the laundry, the
carpentry shops, etc. Others again
are set to work making bricks or
quarrying stones, this providing em
ployment for the majority of the able
bodied men. There is little doubt
that much of this work is not really
necessary, or rather that the need of
It is created for the purpose of providing employment to the convicts.
Would it not be much better If these
men, wards of the state at the public
oxpense, were made to work out their
own salvation on the public road8 of
Workers Not Antagonistic to the
Scheme.
As a matter of fact, the labor element Is not antagonistic to the employing of convicts on the highways
of the country. Any reasonable man
who cares to study the question must
agree that the employment of a ward
of the state on a work of public utility
is just and reasonable. In no way
does the use of the convict labor interfere with the earning power of the
laboring man; it simply facilitates the
more rapid building of roads in the
community, and is therefore a work
of benefit.
Only Working Class Jailed.
When we consider that convicts are
mainly of the laboring class we are
struck with the quantity of manual
power which ls practically going to
waste insidq the walls of our penitentiaries. Laborers lead the list in the
occupations given by convicts. This
class forms, roughly speaking, one-
third of the penitentiary population of
Canada. When we- add to these farmers, teamsters, painters, and other
men engaged in trades which require
considerable physical exertion, we
find that the percentage ot men in the
penitentiary who did 'not,-previous to
confinement, earn their living by hard
work is very small indeed. Not more
than ten per cent, of the convicts
could properly be described as belonging to the lighter occupations or professions.
Worked of Their Own Free Will?
The fact then that these men have
of their own free wll*l during their
years of liberty followed a life work
calling for muscle exercise proves
that they would make flrst class
road builders.
Saves $1.20 a Day to the State.
The total revenue of the aix pent
tentlarles of the Dominion is SE!2,017.
63. Assuming that 1,000 convicts
could be employed op road labor, it Ib
a saving to the state of $1.20 a day,
this being the difference between the
convict's present value and the wages
paid to an ordinary laborer. This
would mean that the state would
make a net proflt of $120,000 annually
on conviqt labor, or nearly three
times as much as Is made today by
the work of the entire penitentiary
population.
To Be Considered by You Also.
Bearing these facts in mind, this
would seem to be an opportune time
to carefully consider the urging upon
the Dominion government of the ad-
viaability of permitting convicts in
the different provinces to be employed on the building of roads, and
the resolution about to be presented
to you on this subject Is therefore
worthy of your very serious consideration. ,
Resolution Regarding the Employment of Convicts on Roads.
Whereas the building of flrst class
roads and highways in Canada has
been greatly handicapped because of
the many deserving calls made upon
the public purse,
And whereas a large proportion of
the penitentiary population of the Dominion ls at present engaged in work
which produces but small revenue to
the state,
And whereas hundreds of these convicts have but short terms to serve,
and are physically fit and presumably
willing to engage In work on the
highways of the country,
Be lt therefore resolved, that the
members of the Canadian Highway
association, in convention assembled,
do hereby petition the honorable the
minister of justice to take such steps
as may seem flt to Immediately look
into the advisability of placing convicts and other prisoners at work on
the public roads of Canada.
And be It further resolved that such
convicts as are engaged in road building be employed on the construction
of the proposed Canadian highway,
whenever the location of this road is
within reasonable distance of the
penitentiary where the men are confined. '
Be It also resolved that copies of
this resolution be forwarded to the
honorable the minister of justice, the
attorneys-general of the several pro/-
tnces, the lnspr?tor of penitentiaries,
and the warden of the penitentiaries
of Canada.
The question of cost must also be
considered. The lowest pay a day
laborer in Canada expects to receive
for road labor would be $1.50 per day;
convict labor is reckoned as being
worth 30 cents per day. This would
mean that for every convict employed in road work the country
would be a gainer to the extent of
$1.20 per day, surely a not Inconsiderate sum when this la spread over 300
days in the year and multiplied by
perhaps 1,000 convicts.
jjffi*'" W***- -#*»9* . ***trty   IMir-eafairy      ■   |'
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
•Socialist, Party of Canada,  meets sec-
■ ond" and  fourth  Tuesday.     Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr
St., Vancouver, B.C.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee,' Socialist Party
nf Canada, meets second and fourth
Tuesdays . in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm. Watts, Secretary,
ALBEETA   PBOVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary, Box 647, Calgary.
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE, 8. P. of C, Invites all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Sask.
VANCOUVEB LETTISH LOCAL Wo. 68.
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
first Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Hoom open' to everybody at 612 Cordova Street East, 2 p, m. Secretary,
P. Anderson, Barnet, B. C.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   S.    C,    SO.    4S,
Finnish, Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays ln the month at 218
Hastings St. East. Ovla Llnd, Secretary.
LOCAI VANCOUVEB No 1, B. T. Ot C—
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East, H, Halilm, Secretary.
MANITOBA PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St..   Wlnplpci,-..- ^■bbbbbbbbbI
MARITIME PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVB
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace aay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Wnx'
491, Olace Bay, M. S.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB; No. 69, 8. P. Of O.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr street. Business meeting on first
of every month at 8 p.m. ,. Secretary,
F. Lefeaux, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
B. C.
LOCAL    PEBNIE,   8.  P.   01*0.,    BOLD
holds educational meetings, iii the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.
LOCAL BOSSLAND, NO. SB, 8. P. of C,
meeta In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 126.
Finnish  branch   meets  in   Finlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 64, Rossland, B.C.
LOCAL   MICHEL,  B.   ft,  NO.   16,   8.   P.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:80 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Buslnesa meetings are held the firs/
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. ln the same hall. Party
prganlzers take notice. T. W. Brown,
Secretary.
LOCAL  NELSON,   S.   P.   of  C.,  MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
LOCAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month, li. F. Gayman, Secretary.	
LOCAL SANSON, B. ft, NO. 36, 8. P. Or
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Miners' Untor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
LOCAL VICTORIA NO. 3, S. P. of C—
Headquarters and reading room 575
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting Sunday,-.*! p. m. Empress Theatre.
LOCAL SOUTH FORT OEOROE, B.C.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Organizer.
LOCAL  CUMBERLAND NO. 70 8. P. of C.
Business meeting every Sunday. 10:30
a.m. Economic class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney. Corresponding Secretary.
Joseph Naylor.
Looal Gibsons Landing, No. 49, 8. P. of O.
meet first and third Sunday of tho
month in Socialist Hall. Secretary, J.
N. Hintsu, Gibsons Heights, B. C.
LOOAL COLEMAN, ALTA., NO. ».
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrst
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evealngo
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Olendenning, Box (I,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
LOOAL EDMONTON, ALTA., NO. 1, 8.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St,
Business and propaganda meeting*
every Wednesday at 7:80 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room ls open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. 8. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organiser, W.  Stephenson.
LOOAL CALOABT, ALTA., NO. 4, 8.1*.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday -avenlng at__8 o'clock at__the head
quarters,   134  Ninth  Ave,
S. K.  Read, Secretary.
LOOAL REOINA NO. S, BASK., .
every  Sunday,    Trades    Hall,   i p.m.
Business    meeting,   second   Friday.   I
Trades  Hall.    W.  B.  Bird,  Gen.
Secretary.
Bm.
el.,
LOCAL LETHBRIDGE,  ALTA., WO.  IB,
S. P. of C. Meets first and third tux-
days In the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock.  Box  198S
LOCAL MOOSEJAW, SASK., Ne. 1, 8. T.
OT C.—Propaganda meetings aver*
Sunday, 7:30 p. m„ In tne Trades Hall.
Kconomlc Class eVery Sunday, 8 p.m.
W. McAllister, Secretary, Box 687. A.
Stewart organizer.
LOOAL No. 1, WINNIPR0, MANITOBA,
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every
Sunday at 8 o'clock ln the Dreamland
Theatre. Main St. Secretary, J.
O'Brien,  Room  12,  530 Main  St.
LOOAL  OTTAWA  NO.  8,  8.  P.  Of  ft—
Business meetings flrst Sunday in
month In the Labor Hall, 219 Bank
Street, at 8 p.m. Secretary, Sam Hor-
wlth, "The White Book Store," 144
Rideau Street, Ottawa.
LOCAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OF
TIME—Headquarters in Rukasln
Block. Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 158; Harold G. .Ross, organizer.
Box 505.
LOOAL    SIDNET    MINES    NO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O. B: T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wil'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, is organized
for the purpose of educating tho
Ukralnenn workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranlan Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstlno Ave.. Edmonton. Alta. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write to J. Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
Socialism teaches tbat the ballot ls
more potent ln human affairs than
all the guns and munitions of war ever
manufactured ln the arsenals of capitalism. But the ballot ls only potent
for good when used with intelligence
in the hands of the politically Ignorant,
the ballot Ib as dangerous as dynamite
ln tlie hands of children.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It Bhould belong.
The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins
of government all the powers qf the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights iii the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker Is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it
by political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, aB rapidly as possible, of capitalist property In the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit. ,
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
interests of the working class and aid the workers ln their class struggle against capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for lt; If lt
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its hands ln such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00 .'.•:'  .'.   :  \i>t::> /OH .Vf.iTf...  i ■■
8ATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1912.
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER, BRITISH. COLUMBIA.
PAfife<TH*REl
HUNTERS   AND   HUNTING.
UNITED   STATES   ELECTIONS.
Local Lethbridge, No. 13.
Per O. Anderson $ 3.90
Per Chas. Brooks   1.00
Per Sam Larson  7.25
Per D. McNabb  2.00
Unattached—
G. Hughes, Stewart, B. C  2.*)0
C. H. Lake, Stewart, B. C  2.00
Local Vancouver 45, Finnish  2.00
Local Gibsons Landing No. 49.... 3.00
Comrade Koth, Beaverdell, B.C.... 2.00
Previously  acknowledged  204.70
$229.85
FROM   WAY   DOWN   EA8T.
Editor Clarion,
Dear Comrade,—I received the
small posters from Comrade Watts,
and we desire to thank you, as they
are just the right things.
Would say that the comades very
much appreciate your work with the
Clarion, but it seems almost Impossible to secure any subs, for the p?.per
ln this part of the world, so the comrades have hit upon a plan to send
sample copies for three months to
different people, believing that they
would feel Induced to subscribe for
the paper after reading, lt for a few
weeks.
Most of the hoys here of St. John
Local 6 have agreed to subscribe .ten
cents per week to carry on this work,
and the comrades would like to know
what your cheapest price would be
for three months. We purpose sending the first lot to all the barber
shops In the city, believing that the
paperB would be sure to get into the
hands of customers, and thereby have
the desired effect.
It has been hard work to keep
things going during the summer, as
you cannot get the people to attend
indoor meetings. People used to say
that if we rented a hall in a good part
of the city we should have crowded
meetings.   We have rented a hall ih
Nothing has appeared in the
Clarion" for some time in regard to
Socialist activity in cape Breton Island, so a short report would be ln
place. In one respect only can we
point to any progress being made, and
lhat is we have a permanent organizer who devotes all his time to the
work of selling literature, getting new
members into the Local, collecting
dues, and doing personal propaganda
among those who strike some phase
of the movement that wants explaining.
Comrade H. G. Ross began to do
this work in the last half of March,
although he had previously for several years spent his leisure time at it
when not selling his labor-power aB
an electrician.,
During part of March and the
month of April 'ten new members
Joined the Local, making the membership 59. Eighty-six Btamps were sold
and $37 worth of literature.
For the month of May eight new
members; dues atamps sold, 47; literature, $26.60.
For the month of June, twelve new
membera; stampB sold, 108 ($27);
literature, $39.
For the month of July, fourteen
new members, $53 literature. August,
eight new members, and $46 literature sales, and so on, monthly reportB
showing a steady Increase.
The organizer is supported in this
work by a few members of the Local,
who pay regularly the promised contribution and what "profit" he can!
make off literature sales (some individual monthly contributions are as
much as the comrades can atand being taxed). The type of literature
most sold is the International Socialist Review; Coming Nation; Subs, for
Western Clarion; New York Call;
Progressive Woman, and Kerr and Co.
bound volumes, and paper covered
small matter.' The field of activity
extends over the Sydney, Glace Bay
How pleasant to the tired ear does
the word  hunting sound.   There are
Before the next issue of the Clarion
reaches Its readers the workers In the
,    . ,., land  of  Uncle  Sam will  once  more
conjured up in the mind visions of the haVe exercised their sovereign right of
forest and of bear, moose, etc., voting their own enslavement. There
whilst one pictures oneself tramping are six parties in the field this time,
through the forest glades with a gun and a Slance at thelr platforms from
under one's arm and a basket of good
things   to   eat  on   one's   back,  and
dreams of the exciting adventures and
hairbreadth escapes and the bringing
of the bag home to a fair maid, the
pride of one's heart and the Joy of
one's life. But still, these are only
dreams, and do not come Into the
life of the workers except as hallucinations.
Hunting seems to be the chief characteristic of all organic life. The
tree with its roots goes hunting for
the means of subsistence. It dives
deep Into the soft, nutritious soil, and
acquires the nutriment therein. The
wild beasts go prowling through the
forests and across plains in search of
prey, catching and eating same when
the opporunlty Occurs, and refraining
from eating when prey ls scarce,
The monkey Snd squirrel climb trees
and gather the nuts when nature supplies them in a sufficient quantity,
but have to seek fresh means of sustenance when the crop of nuts ls
Bhort.
In the early days the biped vertebrate known as man used to go hunting In a somewhat similar fashion to
the wild beasts and monkeys, but today he does not seem to hunt live
things very much. This biped vertebrate ls now even a more ardent
hunter, than before. The species will
go miles and miles on a hunting trip,
and these trips and the thing hunted'
are peculiar to this species of animal.
They do not go very often Into the
the standpoint of the producer will be
ln order just now.
TafVs Platform
Taft's platform, of course, is that of
the "standpatter."   Stripped of all Its
bull con, it stands for "The capitalist
ownership   of   the   earth—profits for
masters and wages for slaves.
Wilson's Platform.
Wilson's platform Is a direct Insult
to   the   intelligence of   even an   old
party voter.   After going over lt carefully, one fact stands out above all
others—it is a capitalist platform.   It
also upholds this system which means
"Profits  for masters  and  wages  for
slaves."
Prohibition Party,
The Prohibition Party has been
dead for some time, and will probably
be quietly buried next Tuesday. It is
merely a parasite on the other capitalist parties, and, like them; it upholds
the unclean doctrine of "Profits for
masters and wages for salves."
Socialist Labor Party.
The Socialist Labor Party is another dead one. Its press and speakers are so busy attacking the Socialist
Party that it has no time or energy
left to attacking capitalism. Its platform is a "stunner," and seems to uphold the theory that the Socialist
movement is a bird which must have
two wings, etc. It's programme Is
anti-Socialist Party, and therefore
purely negative. May it rest in
peace.
Progressive Party,
The   Progressive  Party' ia ■ another
beautiful   gladea   ot   the   forest,   nor capltallst party under a new name
meander along the rippling streams.!    -t ls more ..Radlcal.. ln appearance
but seem    to   prefer to hunt among than any of the flr8t three partles a,_
piles of brick and along hard concrete ready  mentioned.     In  fact,   in   this
streets.      These  hunters   are   called country we woul(1 call auch  a party
workingmen, and the thing that they |the     ..Soc|al     DemocratIc     Party„
hunt  is  called a Job.   These sports- |Hera are a few pIankB trom it8    ,at.
men very seldom bring in big bags, as'-orm by whlch ,t geekg to foo, „    rt
there are many hunters In the field, I of the people part ot the tlme „   ,t
the very best centre, but all through and surrounding colliery districts, and| and~_™__U"Ie_ ^m?'_Janid.'Van^.'*m."!stand*'   f°r   "effective   legislation   for
Louisburg, and by means  , . „  ..._
very scantily attended, "and we have few hundred workers «"• having theiri H, J**!-.?^---.!^*'   tha°  "* I °ccul,at-°nal   dlsea''e9-   overwork,
iub   very   uesi  centre,   out an  tnrougn     = —•    ■    pniurr.t eamn la sonntod  it  In snntxhail '   .   	
the summer our meetines have been  Louisburg, and by means of it some causnt game is scentea it is snatched the prevention of Industrial accidents
uie  auiuiiiei   uur  mil hum   ii,i\i.   uecn  .    .   I un   with    crrnatar   ferncltv   than   anv I ■-»•--, al     II •
j voluntary    unemployment,    minimum
Having  been  hunting  this  curious ga-ety  and  healtb  gtandttrdg  for the
kind  of  game   for  many   years,  the|varlouB    OCCI,pationg,    prohibltion   of
■ot been able to pay our way, but men^ apparatus revolutionised aga-
■ow the colder weather has set In we iinst the day when [t vln tel1 mightily
hope to do better.   Our expenses are : for the Proletarian victory over capit-
about twenty-five dollars a week, and
I can assure you that the few comrades that we have in the Local have
done well in so far that they have
had to dip into their pockets every
month to foot the bills.
I am enclosing ten cents in stamps.
Will you forward me one of the pamphlets on "Socialism and Religion."
Nearly all the subscrrlhers for the
Clarion here will aoon run out. I will
endeavor to get their renewals and
forward on to you. You might publish this or part of it, and it may
induce some other Locals to take up
our Idea to spread the Clarion, which
is the best Socialist paper in the
world.—Yours in the fight,
A. TAYLOR.
St. Johns, N.B., Oct. 15, 1912.
alism.
ALFRED NASH,
Secretary  Glace   Bay   Local.
Glace Bay, N. S„ Oct. 29, 1912.
huntsmen    have
consider-
HOW THEY COME
SPEAKS FOR  ITSELF.
Here's another bunch who have done
their best to keep the Western Clarion
going. We will have a surprise for
you one of these days, and—well you
will start to make a noise then, but lt
will be too late.
We have done our best, have you
("one vourjs!
J. S. Dower, Calgary, Alta  10
J. Watson, Winnipeg, Man     4
acquired    consmer-1 ch|ld  ,abor   ralnlmum wage gtandard
able skill in scenting and trailing the,tor worklng women abollti     oT nl ht
game.   They can trail a Job all the work for women> and an £ght hour
way across a continent, and can hear1^ for women and y(mng per
the echo of a situation thousands of one day>g regt ,n geven for al,
miles  away,  and  will  scramble  half BarnBP9   three  e]ght  h(mr  gh,ftg  for
way across the world in the hope of
trapping, or as they call it of getting
something.
men in continuous occupation, workmen's compensation and the protection of home life against the hazards
As above remarked, there are veryjor BfcknegSr irregular employment and
many hunters, and very little game,!old age> and goc|a| and indU8tria|
and as only one hunter can capture a JU8t|ce in every gtate of the  nat)on
job, many must go without.   When a
etc.   Looks nice, don't lt, but you will
61,
Weber St. East, Berlin, Ont.
Oct. 22nd 1912.
Comrade—Will    you    kindly    give
space to the enclosed In the Clarion?
That   letter   which   appeared   in   the
Clarion, several  weeks  ago,  boosting
Hicks,  and   signed  by  W.  J.  Carter,
was  written  by  Hicks,  and   Carter's
same forged.—Yours In the fight,
H. MARTIN,
Warning.
Socialists will do well to beware of
one Rev. William Madison Hicks, who
is touring the country posing as an
exponent of scientific Socialism.
Admitted to Local Berlin on Feb.
14th, by vote of 14 to 8, his conduct
has been such that called for an investigation .which the executive committee carried into effect at the request of Local Porcupine.*
His conduct as a Socialist was
again investigated at a joint meeting
held at Port William, of Port Arthur
and Fort William Locals.
The Executive Committee held that
they have been extremely lenient, in
the case of Hicks, being determined
to have the comrades at large convinced that he ls a fakir within the
Socialistic movement. Otherwise he
should have been expelled long ago,
Hicks has been charged with forgery, also forgery to the prejudice of
other persons, auch as false Signatures; borrowing monies from comrades and union men under false pretense; writing letters to the press
boosting himself over forged signatures; posing as the authorized organizer of the S.D.P. of C; and other
items too numerous to mention.
Hicks has been found guilty of
these charges, as" a crook of the first
water.
All Locals of the S.D.P. of C. will
Hereby take NOTICE that W. M.
Hicks has been expelled from the
party, and shall not be admitted Into
any Local until such bar of expulsion
has been raised.
The charter of Local Fort William
61 Is hereby revoked. Comrades of
Fort William   may  Join  Local  Port
C. M. O'Brien, Organizer     4,tne wolves might envy, to trap and
K. Johnson, Montreal, Que     3
David Thomson, St. Catherines, Ont. 2
W. K. Bryce, Collins. Sask     2
H. G. Ross, Glace Bay, N.S     2
Singles.
S. Lellman, Enderby; A. Manson
Nelson; W. Gribble, Tacoma, Wash.;
J. Mclnnls. South Fort George; H. G.
Melkle, Stovely; H. Slbble, Vancouver;
A. Llndsley, Creston; P. Krumln, Medicine Hat, Alta.; A. Forslnger, Medicine Hat; C, A. Watts, Calgary; W.
Howarth, Edmonton; G. O. Vennes-
land, Granum; J. Rootjes, Vancouver;
A. E. Faulkner, Conjuring Creek; Nels
Sorlie, Milden, Sask.; L. B. Elliotr,
Parry Sound. Ont.; F. Hyatt, St. John;
R, A. Fillmore, Albert, N. S.; Dr. F. N.
Steen, San Diego, Cal.; M. Llghtstone,
Montreal, Que.; Pugh, Victoria; G. T.
Warren, Victoria; W. H. Framptnn.
City.
hunter who haa captured a job hap- notlce that lt dea]g wltJl effectg Q
pens to die, the job IB turned loose. it doeg not attack  and therefore
Then you will see the hunters open hoIdg the capitaUgt ownerghlp of the
their eyes, prick up their ears, distend -ob     and really meang the game &g
their nostrils, and go off in packs that th6 plat-orm of the othe]. CapltaHgt
Comrade A. E. Faulkner of Conjuring Creek, Alta., sends In for a bunch
of literature and donates twenty-five
cents to the Clarion maintenance fund.
Comrade Geo. A. Faulkner Bends ln
one dollar to the Clarion maintenance
fund.   Who is next?
Along with the oft repeated statement that the high pricea of farm
product8 during recent years has enabled the horny handed agriculturist
to pay off his mortgage, comes confirmatory evidence of rural piosperity
in the Bhape of a United States census showing that the number of farm
mortgages has Increased 17,7 per
cent during the last decade, while
the number of unincumbered farms
has only Increased 4.4 per cent, during the same period. There seems to
something peculiar about the rural
prosperity business that is so industriously peddled about through the
capitalist presa.
Socialism won't make people good,
but it will give every chance to the
man who wants to be good. At present the perfectly truthful and honest
man cannot possibly succeed.
capture this loose job. Once In a
while a hunter will catch an overgrown job, called a permanent situation, or to use their vernacular, a
steady job, and to display his dexterity grows a brand new fir skin, called
a new suit, once in two or three years,
and this he wears with much pride
and circumspection.
These jobs are eccentric things. A
man cannot eat them, and they will
not let a man live by them unless he
can use them for another man's benefit. If he cannot use them to provide
a living-for another, these jobs will
die, and sometimes a serious epidemic
comes over these Jobs on this account, and they perish by the thousand. This sickness is known as a
panic, and Ib due to the Jobs having
become bloated so that the hunters
can no longer produce enough to keep
others properly. This ls the most Interesting time for the spectator to observe these sportsmen, for then they
will do most wonderful feats. They
wlll desert their partner and cubs,
teal rides on the tie rods of trains at
the risk of their lives, and all In the
hope of getting a job that someone
else may have lost. They will even
play dirty tricks on their own species
In order to get Into the guest chamber
of "His Majesty," who seems to be
their chief, where they work on the
rack pile and wear skins with big
apota on them.
Sometimes when chasing a Job they
do not eat for days, and sleep under
the heavens with the stars for their
lamps. They often die of a complaint
which these sports are very apt to
contract, and which ls known as starvation.
These sportsmen seem to have a
very  curious  vernacular.   Sometimes
Parties—"Profits    for    maaters    and
wages for slaves."
Socialist Party.
The platform of the Socialist Party
is an offspring of the cracked brains
of editors, lawyers, doctors and bum
parsons. Away In an obscure corner
of It, however, we find a declaration
for the social ownership of the means
of production, which means the aboil
tlon of Capitalist Property—no more
masters and no more Blaves.
Ab the Capitalist preBS does not
give the Socialist vote except In some
cases, we will be obliged to wait for
the slow freight before we know how
the Socialist vote has gone.   ■
If the total vote In all the states
reach 16,000,000, the Socialist vote
will have to be not much less than
1,000,000 ln order to hold Its own. If,
however, the total vote Is the same aa
four years ago the parly ought to poll
1,800,000.
The presence of the Progressive
Party In the field leaves no excuse for
anyone to vote the Socialist ticket unless he knows what he Ib doing.
From such a conglomeration as the
above let us hope that the Socialist
Party wlll come out stronger and
more revolutionary, and prepared to
go ahead with greater determination
than ever towards the conquest of the
world for the workers. LEEDS.
they will  get tired of hunting jobs, -—
The organ of the Western Federation of Miners calls attention to the
fact that while certain wild-eyed simpletons in this country, calling themselves organized workers, are talking
about smashing the ballot box with
an axe, the same workers of Belgium,
filled with the real spirit of labor
solidarity, are planning a general
strike to secure for themselves the
right to use the ballot.
Arthur 43 on such conditions as.pro-
vided by the constitution. ***
M. MARTIN, Secretary, D.E.C.
On behalf of the Exec. Committee.
and will stop, and then they call It a'these have horns on their TieadB and
fire where their eyeB should be, and
a roar louder than a lion, but we do
not know It this Is true. However,
we do know that these socialist parties are getting stronger, and It Is
rumoured that one day thoy wlll become strong enough to do away with
the system of Job hunting altogether,
and will find some other way of being
sportsmen.
A Latter Day Nlmrod.
Btrike. It Is not. fighting nor hitting,
but just sitting down and waiting to
see what will happen to the Jobs, and
then when they are wearied with sitting down they will once more go
hunting jobs just the same, and seem
to forget that the Jobs have become
more scarce. Another curious habit
some of them have Ib to get together
ln what is called socialist parties. It
is officially stated that those who join
SOUND KNOWLEDGE NEEDED.
■ ■ -^TZ/   \     Ti   '"
In Homer's Iliad we have the following:
"To combat for mankind,
111 suits the wisdom of celestial mind:
For   what is   man?   Calamitous   by
birth.
They owe their life and nourishment
to earth;
Like  yearly  leaves,  that  now  with
beauty crowned,
.Smile on the sun; now wither on the
ground;
To their own bands commit the frantic
scene.
Nor mix immortals with a cause so
mean."
These words suffice something that
I wish to convey in the following article.
Some slaves when asked what their
ideas are in regard to the social problem, make such silly replies that we
sometimes get out of patience with
them, and if lt were not for the fact
that we can recollect what darned
itlots we had been ourselves, and our
understanding of the forces that contribute towards making the craziest
"free born citizens" recognize their
slavery, their position ln society and
their atomic part of the universe, we
would despair.
In his or her ignorance the Blaves
look on life as if they were the hinge
on which the universe revolves. But
with the increase in knowledge of nature and her laws, each individual
grows smaller and smaller. In fact, so
small a part of this great universe do
they recognize themselves, that they
eventually count theme jives as practically nothing. This is the case with
many Socialists that I know. They are
wised up to the skin game, but so far
as propaganda work Ib concerned,
they are philoshoplcal. The "Walt and
see" and "To hell with them" attitude
has got a firm hold of them. Consequently no progress can be made and
much harm is being done. You cannot get a raw wage plug and expect
one sitting sufficient to make him fit
in with a cut and dried pattern. It
cannot be done and a Socialist who
attempts if is a bonehead. It must
be a gradual process. You cannot destroy twenty or thirty years capitalist
teaching in two or three minutes and
a Socialist who thinks so could believe
in the Biblical myths. Further I would
advise Socialists to beware of the ten-
minute convert. He has "learned" too
easy, and he may be after something
else beBide science.
Another point Is that however
small a part of society we are, it does
not mean that we are of no use. We
are of use because we are part and
parcel of the whole and that every
word, action or deed having Its effect
on society is no dream, but a stern,
solid, scientific fact. Every drop of
water is needed to make up the ocean
aa it is at present and every slave is
so much matter and energy, which is
a part of the universe. A pin dropped
on the floor may not be noticed, but
nevertheless it has its effect and every
word that is spoken, every article
written, every piece of literature read,
means something to the working
class.
So much for the philoshoplcal self-
righteous critics, who do nothing for
Socialism, but criticize those who are
working tor lt, be it ever so little.
On the other hand, It Is up to the
class conscious slaves to Bee that the
right dope Is given out. The writer
and others have come across slaves
who supposing themselves to be Socialists, found, out that they were just
Socialistic, with a big tic. In other
words, they were capitalistic, with a
changed name. To palliate, and pander is to be swallowed up by the capitalist parties, and that is what haB
happened In Great Britain and the
United States recently. Socialistic
parties are just like a shop window,
where goods are displayed. The capitalist now and again in his own interest, takes some of these goods, by outbidding the "Tic" parties. Thus the
latter's Impotence is proved.
To the "Tic" parties I would say that
If they want reform, then they should
ask those who have power to give
them. These are the capitalists and
no other. They arc forced to give reforms now and again, to save worse
trouble to themselves. They serve
their material Interests every time.
The good things of the earth are
measured by the amount of satlafac-
tlon that ia given. One of the beat is
wealth, because enough of lt means
liberty and happiness. Therefore the
wealthy always preserve their wealth
by every means in their power. They
will fire a Socialist from his work,
and try to hound him out of town.
They pass laws to protect their property. They pay parsons to teach that
Jesus was a Socialist, and they pay
schoolmasters to teach bourgeois morality. All these things are in their
material interests, because they give
them power.
Of course some people may disagree
as to whether material Interests always dominate. The reason is because tbey think that material Interests are measured in dollars and cents.
This is not correct, for money is of
no use in the centre of the Sahara
deBert Food ls no use (except for
exchange) when you have had your
IIII. A house Ib no use when you have
one better. Is It? No. The only
reason why we want many houses Is
beoaijse pnt,t gear get Anv return ..Iflsi
their|co-*fcui*j$tftn| will g\t% ntcettabm'7
satisfaction.   Now we take a Salvation
Army  lassie.    She may give all hettf*
goods to ffe'ed the poor.   Is she serving-
material'  interests? ■> tXes.      Whyr*
Simply because she gets more BatisA
faction from It.' Xove 'tor her fellow,
slave being a reflectlb*' ot self-pity.,
as it is, satisfies her and so she serve*,
her material interests. .,
Truly, satisfaction is the real guide
to material interests, and brotherly
love Is not the guiding principle in
Socialists. We may have the "mutual
aid" principle very well'developed, but:
It ls because we recognize that co-operation Is better than Individualism.
Individualism at this stage of the game-
is anarchy. Co-Operation is a basic
principle of Socialist organization.
When Karl Marx said: "Workers of
the world unite!" he meant general',
things.    He meant that the workers,
were held in bondage.   He knew the -
struggle to be international.   He also*
knew that the emancipation of wage-
labor depended on tbe slaves alone;
and not on an immortal, or any bunch
of capitalists.    Finally, he said the-
battle must be fought out on clam-,
lines, which implies mutual aid among:
the workers. >;
The present class struggle ls a clashing of material interests, which manifests itself between the slaves and
capitalist class. It manifests itself in
a clashing of two moralities—the bourgeois, and the proletarian—and further ln the superstitious world, between ignorance and prejudice, versus
knowledge and understanding. Right
and Justice are relative things. They
are determined by the material interests that are most powerful, and always will be. ;..
Fellow slaves, why  cannot we be-
powerful?    We   have   the   numbers.   -.
Why not the power?
Think it over.
T. MELLALIEU.
.50'-
.60/
BOOKS   FOR   THE  WINTER   EVENINGS.
We can supply you with the books
mentioned below from the office of the
Western Clarion, postpaid, at the following prices:
Boelsche's The Evolution of Man .60
Boelsche's The Triumph of Life.. .60
Dletzgen's Philosophical Essays.. 1.00
Dletzgen's   Positive  Outcome   of
Philosophy    1.00
Engels'   Socialism,   Utopian   and
Scientific 60
Engels'  Feuerbach    60
Engels'   landmarks  of  Scientific
Socialism     1.00
Engels' Origin of the Family 50
Ferri's  The  Positive  School   of
Criminology  50_'
Ferri's    Socialism   and'   Modern
Science     1.00*»
Fitch's   Physical   Basis  of  Mind
and Morals  1.00 *«
France's Germs of Mind1 in Plants   .60-•
Kautsky's The Class Straggle..
Kautsky's The Social Revolution
Kautsky's Ethics and Materialist
Conception of History 50
Labriola's   Materialistic   Conception of History  1.00-
Labriola's Socialism nnd Philosophy  1.00>
Lafargue's The Evolution' of Property    , 5*ffe
Lafargue's The Right to Be I.azy
and Other Studies 50 %
Lafargue's Social and Philosophical   Studies    60 I
I .a   Monte'B   Socialism,   Positive
and Negative 60
Lewis'   (Arthur  M.)  Tho Art of
Lecturing    50
Lewis: (Arthur M.) Evolution, Social and Organic..-. 60
LewlB' (Arthur M.) Marx vb. Tolstoy   (Darrow   Debate) 60
Lewis'   (Arthur  M.)    Ton   Blind
Leaders   	
Levis'   (Arthur  M.)   Vital   Prob
lems in Social Evolution	
Lewis' IA us! in) Tho Militant Pro
letariat   	
Llebknecht's   Memoirs   of   Karl
Marx    60
Marx's Capital, Vol. 1  2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. II  2.00
Marx's Capital, Vol. Ill   2.00
Marx's Critique of Political Economy     1.00
Marx'B   The   Poverty   of  Philosophy      1.00
Marx's   Revolution  and  Counter-
Revolution    60
.Marx's Value, Price and Profit.. .50
.Marx and Engels' The Communist
Manifesto    60
Morgan's Ancient Society  1.60
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol. 1  1.50
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol.  II  1.60-
Myers' Great American Fortunes,
Vol. Ill  1.50-
Plechanoff'B Socialism and Anarchism    60"
Teichmann's Life and Death 50'
Ward's The Ancient IxyWIy, Vol. I. 2.00-
Ward's The Ancient Lowly, Vol.11. 2.00-
War, What For? Kirkpatrick.... 1.20
.50
.50
.50
When cpaitallsm has conquered the
globe, it can do nn more. It will then
be ripe for reaping. It'has sown the
wind and it will reap tke whirlwind.
It will break down from ekl age, from
senile decay, and from Inability to go
further. Then labor, like a giant refreshed by slumber, will awake lo a
knowledge of lis power aad take over
the machinery of production to uae It
for all to its uttermost. PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CF ARION. VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
8ATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1012.
THE POT OF GOLD
By Wilfrid Gribble.
(Continued from last week)
CHAP.   III.
Long into the night sat Ned and
George talking over things after the
ethers had retired.
Men of the same quiet, steadfast
natures, slow pf thought, slow to
change, but when thev "changed Hieir
minds," changing for good, well-
tthought-over reasons, and staying
-changed. Ned and George "took to
•each other" from the first. Ned, an
older man. was a stage, or, several
stages, ahead of George in montal evolution, a fact which the sensible
George recognized, tn consequence let-
ling Ned do most of the talking.
It was in the small hours when Ned
•remarked, "Wo*nl have to go to bed,
lad, if we're going on shift in t' morning," and they went.
George was thinking hard all the
time he was in the mine the next day.
He did not clearly see the reason for
all the discontent he had noticed.
Things were so much better in his
-case than they had been in the old
country, and he knew they must be,
on the average, better in the case of
other men who had come from the
old land. What ne did not realize was
the fact that the men expressing the
■ discontent and preparing for a struggle against its cause, had been in
Canada much longer than he; had accumulated experience—the only thing
'that teaches—In Canada,' and had discovered that the masters in Canada
had the same idea as the masterB in
Europe—to force the workers to ac-
-•cept a lower standard of living.
Having come to Canada for "a better
living," and having got it, the minerB
• of Glassy Sound now saw the danger
of being gradually reduced to the same
standard they had in the various countries they come from in Europe, and
were combining to make a concerted
■ effort to prevent the reduotlon.
They did not understand the "laws
of the market" All they understood
was the fact that the bosses wanted
to reduce their standard of living, and
it was "up to them" to stand together
in the struggle against the bosses.
Though his mental vision was still
much obscured over the Issue, and he
was heartily sorry that there was a
great chance of a strike and consequent    stoppage     of    wage-earning,
'George made up his mind to"stay with
t' men," and, on the first opportunity,
took out a card ot membership ln the
International Miners' Union. Weeks
passed, to George's relief, and still he
..was drawing wages.
He drew his first pay, and though
'-somewhat upset on settling his accounts to flnd that things were so
much dearer than ln the old country,
-he was enabled to. send "two pound
ten ' to "t\ old mother" and a tasty
■"little brooch made in the shape of a
maule leaf, to "t* girl."
It was not an expensive brooch, but
it meant as much, and George made
-up his mind to send something better
later on.   He felt happy as he mailed
'the letter and package the very evening  he received-   hla  first  wages  in
-Canada. He had less than a dollar
left, but had paid his board and other
accounts and tomorrow would be
making more wages and his expenses
- would not be so great In the next two
weeks as they had been in the past
two. George strolled slowly back
home from' -the postofllce, with hiB
hands in his pocket, with a clear,
though mental vision of the reception
of the money and the preeent when
they arrived th'England.
The girl was "In service," and.
though that fact galled him, though he
abhorred the Idea of the girl he thought
most nf bein** at anyone's beck and
-call, he also recognized the fact that
she was, for the present, economically
secure—though If one had used the
phrase "economically secure" to
George then he would not have known
what wus meant. He pictured her
opening the little cardboard box and
her delight at the neat little brooch,
her eagnerness for her next "night
out," and her prinking herself with lt
on before the looking glaBB (George
had Bisters). He pictured his mother's
eager opening of the letter and her
double delight at the letter and the
money order.
"Two pound ten" would go so far ln
Lancashire; It would buy a good many
things more than In Canada,
and George pictured the spending   of   that,   sum—Its careful though
•delightful apendlng. He had told
his mother In the letter that Bhe
must not endeavour to save any of it.
that she must apend all of it on anything she wanted. George was most
emphatic on this point; ho was almost dictatorial, for he knew if he
wasn't his mother, accustomed for so
many years to pinch and skimp,
would continue to do so, no matter
that she had that large sum of "two
pound ten" all at once. George was
quite insistent, quite stern, about the
matter; he Implied that he should be
very much annoyed if he found out-
that she had endeavoured to "put
anything by" eut of that "two pound
ten." He emphasised the fact that
he waf making big wages, that   he
would be able to send as big or a bigger sum every time he received his
pay, and she would be able to save,
if she cared to, from what he would
send In future; but that this time, to
please him, he wanted her to get
some nice, real nice, things to eat,
any any other things she fancied so
far as the whole amount would go.
Yes, .George .pictured how his
mother and the girl would look and
act on receiving his missives; but at
the distance of thousands of miles
pictures are dim. Had he the opportunity of observing his mother when
she eagerly answered the postman's
knock, he would have seen her take
It from the postman with eager aud
trembling hands; he would have seen
her open the envelope aud gaze will
delight at the letter and the order;
'he would have seen that she didn't
read the better at once, because she
couldn't, tor she had to have a "good
cry" flrst, to shed some happy tears,
then to wipe her eyes, and read the
letter over and over again. Then 3he
had to visit the nelghoburs, and to
invite her special friends ln to have
a "cup o' tea" and to talk proudly
over her boy in,Canada.
And the younger brother, when he
came home, how glad the mother
was to tell him how well George waa
"getting on" in Canada, and how glad
he was to hear it, and how he went to
see the married brother that evening
to tell him the news. And the girl, if
he could only have seen what brightness that tender letter and dainty gift
imparted to the drab life of that little
"slavey," and how she went about
her work singing and smiling, till her
mistress asked her what she waa so
happy about, to be answered only by
a blush—If he could only have seen
it all, perhaps it would have been too
much for George.
THE 80CIALIST POSITION.
The letter following ls one inserted
in the "Rotherham Guardian" by a
Socialist in reply to some person who
was advocating that the Labor Party
put up a. candidate. It certainly
states the Socialist position in a brief
and clear manner.
All over England young men are
coming on, showing the same desire
to parade the only solution to the
workers. Of course, this Fabian-
esque method is good ln its way, but
far better is the open air propaganda.
The letter goes as follows:—
To the Editor,—Let me take this
opportunity of refuting the misrepresentation of the Socialist position
which has appeared ln the correspondence re Labor representation of Rotherham. It will be obvious to anyone who is conversant with Socialist
science that the correspondents are
ignorant of, or intentionally Ignore
the basic principles of Socialism,
which emanate from the sociology
and economics of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. To say that the w.hole
absurdity of the Socialist position is
exposed by the showing up of a few
Labor fakirs, by saying that progress
must be made slowly, and by saying
that Liberals and Tories are not
synonymous, appears to me the quintessence of superficial argument. As
to Liberals and Tories not being
synonymous, the Liberal, Tory, and
Labor Party are all ln the same category, inasmuch as they all conform
to the policy of social reform. Therefore, there is no fundamental difference. They all advocate their pet
reforms. The Tories, Tariff Reform;
Liberals, Insurance Bills, Land Taxation, etc.; laborites, Right to Work
Bills, Nationalisation of Mines, etc.
We revolutionists know that all
these reforms are detrimental to the
interests of the proletariat Inasmuch
as they perpetuate Capitalism and
wage slavery.     I heartily agree with
I Mr. Eaglestone In his denunciation
of the Labor parliamentarians. They
are, as he points out, the most Inconsistent  and  unprincipled   political
| party in existence. ThlB does not
alter the fact, however, that the Socialist position ls the only true position, and that Socialism is the only
hope for the workers. All else Is Illusion.
The corner stone of Socialist science
ls the materialistic conception of history discovered by Marx and Engela.
They discovered the fundamental
causes of all social evolution. By
studying history by the light of this
conception we flnd that the whole of
history haa been a Berles of class
struggles, freeman against slave, patrician against .plebian, feudal llrd
rlctan feudal serf, master craftsman
against journeyman, and, later, capitalist against wage-slave. All these
class wars have conforced to a struggle of diverse economic interests.
Thus we find the propelling power of
all historic evolution is the evolution
In the economic methods of production. All political, philosophical, legal, religious, and ldealoglcal institutions, form the superstructure of society which is but the psychological
reflection of the economic basis. As
the economic methods of production'
change bo must the Institutions
change. For when an advance ls
made ln the material productive forces
by the evolution of the tool the institutions of the old conditions of
production become antiquated and aro
not compatible with the economic
basis. These antique Institutions however, are not eradicated without a
struggle. They have been built up
by a class whose Interest lt ls to
perpetuate them. For with the
downfall of their instltutons they are
supplanted by a new class in society.
They have to give way, after a Btruggle to the new rising class, who are
foimlng insitutlons which are compatible with the advance of the economic basis. We Socialists call this
the struggle of the classes or the
class struggle. We have seen this
theory exemplified ln the decay of
feudalism and the rise of capitalism.
When the domestic system of manufacture gave way to the evolution
in methods of production, such as the
Innovation of machinery, steam, etc., I
the institutlona which preserved the
property relations of the feudal landlords had to give way to capitalist Institutions. The system of capitalism
was innovated by the advance of machinery, but we Socialists contend
that Capitalism is now inadequate to
cope with economic development, and
must break down to Socialiam. In
ahort, the anperstructure of Capitalism is incompatible with the socialised
methods of production. ,
This ia the only logical position to
defend, and thla ia the touchstone all
parties who are ostensibly out for the
emancipation of the workers will have
to conform. If their policy Is not
built on the class struggle they are
illogical. It is to the Interest of the
, capitalist class to preserve their decrepit institutions, and the working
J class must fulfil their historic mission by subversising the system of
capitalism and inaugurating the industrial commonwealth.
| Recognizing the Inadequacy of their
I institutlona to preserve the damnable
system of exploitation, the capitalist
! class will go to any lengths to obviate
the increasing difficulty of perpetuat-
iing their omnipotence. Every advance
| In capitalism is making the conditions
'of the workers more intolerable. Every
day the workers are more and more
having their eyes opened to their true
status in society. The capitalist class
can see that in order to preserve their
position they must patch up some of
the worst rents, by making superficial
modifications here and there. Thus
we have reforms. The more revolutionary the workers become, the more
the capitalist class will throw sops to
them. The more the workers organize to eradicate the internal principles
of capitalist society, the more the cap-
italist will modify external conditions.
Thus reforms only bolster up capitalism, and by their apparent alleviation
of the sordid conditions of the workers, vitiate the positive aggression of
the revolutionary working class organizations. This shows the absurdity of a worker supporting reforms.
In short, a working man who supports
reforms is working against his own
interests and against the Interests of
his class, Inasmuch as the materialistic conception of history teaches us
that Socialism is the only hope for
the worker, and reforms perpetuate
capitalism and positively retard the
progress of the working claaa. The
cause of all working-class poverty and
insecurity ia the exploitation of his
labor by the capitalist class. The
capitalist owns the means of wealth
production, the worker owns nothing
only his power to labor. This he haa
to sell to the capitalist in exchange
for food, house, clothing, etc., so that
he can live. The capitalist just gives
him enough to perpetuate himself on
the labor market. Just his cost of
production. Thus labor power ls a
commodity like butter or cheese and
its value ls determined by Its cost of
production. Socialists call this the
commodity status of labor power, and
while the worker remains a commodity no reform can alter his position In
society. If we want to get rid of the
effects we must remove the cause. We
must stick to the fundamental point,
viz., the exploitation of one class by
the other.
The capitalist deals with the effects
to perpetuate the cause, the reformer
deals with the effects to remove the
cause. It Is obvious that ln the final
analysis these two methods must be
one and the Bame. In contradistinction to the capitalist and his colleague
the reformer, the revolutionist gets
the fundamental cause to remove the
effects. When the workers organize
on scientific lines in the workshop,
mine, and factory, to construct the
requisite organization to form the embryo of the industrial commonwealth,
when they throw the reflex of their
Industrial organization on the political
field, to destroy the Institutions of the
capitalist class, then, with the dawn
of Socialism capitalist exploitation
wlll fade away, the potentialities of
the workers will be given a chance,
the god of capital will be overthrown,
and the Interests of the individual will
I be synonymous with humanity at
|large. Then we shall have peace and
Ithe apotheosis of equality.
Yours truly,
A REVOLUTIONIST.
It Ib well worthy of a reprint for
circulation.
The Chinese loan business has proven quite a hard nut to crack for the
great Powers' diplomatists. The
money has been found, but whether
the subscribers will be able to get It
redeemed is for time to tell. Personally I don't think the six PowerB
will asBist them to get it, and if
China can repudiate it, it would be a
lesson to the financiers. But you can
bet odds on this, that the six Powers
have not yet flnlBhed. I feel sure
they, the big thieves, will come out
on top.
MOSES BARITZ.
WISCONSIN  NOTES.
The remarkable quiet and apathy of
the present campaign waa broken last
Monday by the cowardly attack made
upon Col. Roosevelt in Milwaukee. Investigation shows that the assailant
was a Democrat, a Roman Catholic
and a New York saloonkeeper. He
was a reader of the New York World
and New York Herald exclusively, and
was an anti-third term crank. Yet all
these facts did not prevent certain
capitalistic papers ln Minnesota and
other Btates from coming out with
flaming headlines, "Milwaukee Socialist Shoots Roosevelt!" Verily, the
capitalist press are storing up a reputation for untruth which will be very
much to their disadvantage one of
these days, when the falr-play-loving
American people finally wake up.
While the Milwaukee Social-Democratic meetings In this campaign are
large and enthusiastic, the so-called
"non-partisan" meetings are flat failures. At one of these, the audience
literally consisted of one man—and he
was a Socialist party member, attracted by curiosity. The "non-partisans"
did not wish to repeat this humiliating
experience. So they went to the expense of Bending out poatal cards,
inviting the public to their meeting
last night. This had some result—
for the audience accordingly waB
awelled to the significant number of
thirteen by actual count. Such are
the woes of the antl-Soclallats.
The non-partisans have put out
window hangera with the portraits of
their county candidates, and bearing
this big headline, "To Defeat Social-
Ism." While we hate to be personal,
we must say that the faces below are
just about the sort of physiognomies
which ought to belong to men who
hope to sweep back the thunder of
the rising tide with the poor little
broom of "non-partisanship."
Meanwhile, the Wisconsin campaign'
is progressing on the usual line of
tactics with the usual auccess. Still
the Bundle Brigade marches and the
factory gates every noon swarm with
eager listeners to the Socialist message. "To defeat Socialism," the
enemies have started too late in the
day. They should have begun before
the first factory wheel spun or the
first clasa-consclous worker felt the
sting of wage slavery and the hope of
the   great   new   day   which   now   is
brightly dawning. E. H. THOMAS,
Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 17, 1912
Break your chains-
AND GO BACK TO THE LAND
160 ACRES
HOMESTEADS
and Pre-umptions
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
WE HELP YOU TO LOCATE
Western Farming & Colonization Company, Limited
5 WINCH BUILDING
VANCOUVER. B. C.
The expansion of capitalism means
the division of mankind, irrespective
of race, creed, color, or sex, Into two
classes: the capitalist and the working class. The capitalist system
means a world-wide slavery, followed
by a world-wide revolt, and a universal victory for the working class. This
Is Inevitable from the very magnitude
of the issues—the extinction or survival of the race. Today capitalism
ls reaching Its zenith ln Europe and
America. It ls developing rapidly in
other parts of the world. In Australia,
New Zealand, Canada, South Africa,
and South America lt ls expanding hy
leaps and bounds. In China and Japan lt has taken root, and Is being
watered by the blood of martyrdom
and revolution.
FIVE   CENT  PAMPHLETS
EIGHTY  CENTS  HUNDRED
We will send the following pam-
phletB to any address In bundles of a
hundred for eighty cents, postpaid: —
Socialism and Unionism.
Slave of the Farm.
Struggle for Existence.
State and Government.
Value, Price and Proflt.
A  RESULT OF IGNORANCE.
By John "M. Work.
Anyone who sees an old tumbledown shanty, or a filthy congected
tenement, guiltless of every convenience, can tell at once that lt is occupied by working people.
No need to exhibit the inmates.
No need of making an affidavit to It.
Nobody ever heard of a hovel or a
tenement being occupied by any one
but workingmen and their families. It
would be nonsense to go out of one's
way to prove lt.
Why ls it that all the Inferior dwelling placea are occupied by working-
men?
Because the workingmen, by their
votes, permit the capitalists to own
the exploiting Industries. This enables the capitalists to compel the
workers to yield up to them the
lion's share of their earnings In return for the opportunity to earn a bare
living.
The only way the workingmen can
release themBelves from this situation
is by voting the Socialist ticket and
making these Industries collective
property, so that the workers will receive the full value of their labor.
Local Organized in Jail.
The saw-mill operators of the south
have jailed a large number of unionists and Socialists under the plea that
they engaged In . a riot when they
were merely attacked while peaceably
speaking. These men, confined in
Lake Charles, La., jail, have put one
over on the operators by organizing a
branch local with forty-flve members,
including all but six of the men confined there. One thing about lt all
the meetings are largely attended.
The surplus values stolen from
America and European workers is being used to industralize the countries
of the world. When Asia, Africa, and
all other countries are Industralized,
where can the capitalists turn for
markets for the enormous amount of
surplus products produced by labor?
How can the capitalist get rid of the
products which he Intends to stcfl
from the workers of the new countries he Is developing? That is the
capitalists' problem. That Is the problem which capitalism cannot solve.
That ls the problem which Socialism
will solve.
LOlAL  VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre
ae years'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone lending »lk«t nh and description dist
qulclilT ascertain our opinion free wlietlicr em
Invention Is probnbly patentsbls. Communlcs-
tlouiatrlctlTcoullilcntlsl. HANDBOOK on Patents
euit free. Oldest aitencr forseourlncntantm,
Patent* tolicn tSronirh Mann * Co. recslrs
IP\'"'notice, withoutobsrzs, Into*
$m\mt Httierican.
A handK '.ie. 'Uartrsted weekly. I*rjei* circulation or any -nie-Ulno Journsl. Terms for
Canada, g:u& a year, postage prepaid.   Bold by
al^ uewadeuicri^
n 3B1Broid»iy, iwij
'et, t» t V. •VmmKimS
The best and cheapest
WORKINGMAN'S HOME
Cordova Boarding House
512 Cordova Street East
British Coumbia
Federationist
Published every Saturday, owned
by the B. C. Federation of Labor
and Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council,   at  -fl   per  year—and—
G/te Western
Clarion
Weekly official organ of the Socialist
Party, |1 a year—
Both for $1.50 Per Year
AddrtiB   Labor   Ttmple,   Vancouv-tr,
for ■ampU copies.
E. T. KINGSLEY
^Printer
Publisher
High-Grade
Catalogue
Book and
Commercial
NEW LABOR TEMPLE
VANCOUVEB.   B.   0.
GREAT BOOKS
BY GREAT MEN
Eight. Lectures, Ingersoll 25c
Riddle ot the Universe, Hae«kel ..25c
Not Guilty, IHatchford   25c
Age ot Reason, Paine 25c
Origin of Species, Darwin 25c
Evolution  of  the  Idea  of  God,
Grant Allen  25
All books postage paid,
People's Bookstore
152 Cordova St. W.    1
Brackendale - Cheakamus
MOTOR STAGE
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
THE BUM OH THE RODS AND
THE BUM OH THE FLUSH
One rides on the rods beneath the car
And  one on  a cushioned  chair;
The one ls clad In poverty's rags,
The other doth  broadcloth  wear.
One eats  a back-door  charity  lunch,
For lack of the price to pay,
The other is served by a waiter skilled
In  an   up-to-date  cafe.
The  one  sneaks   Into   a concert  dive
Por an hour's cheap fun and laughter,
The other a box at  the opera has,
With wine and women after;
One sleeps ln the hay, or as best one may
Who lias no place to dwell,
The other  has  a  suite  of rooms
In  the city's bast hotel.
The bum on the rods Is hunted down
As  un  enemy of  mankind,
The other is driven  around  to the club
."ml  feted  and  wined  und dined.
And  those who curse  the bum on  the
rods
As  the essence of ull  that's bad,
Meet the bum on the plush with a sycophant's smile,
And extend the hand so glad.
The bum on the rods Is a social Ilea
That  gets an  occusional  bite,
The bum on the plush ls u social leech,
Blood-sucking by day  und night;
The bum on the rods ls u loud so light
Thut his weight we scurcely feel;
But It takes the labor of dozens of men
To  furnish  the other a meal.
So long us you sanction the bum on the
plush,
The other will always he there;
But rid yourself of the bum on the plush
And the other will disappear.
Then muke an Intelligent, organized kick,
And throw off the weights that crush;
Don't worry about thc bum on the rods,
Qet rid of the bum on the plush.
—Miners'   Magazine.
The New Conscience.
The hope of human progress without violent revolution lies in the
growth of a new conscience on the
part of the masses.
There was a time when the victor
slaughtered the prisoners he took fn
war. Hut a new conscience came to
him. He discovered that it was wrong
to kill human beings, so he enslaved
them and let them live.
Then the conscience expanded again.
Men came to see that slavery was
wrong.   They emancipated the Blaves.
After, another interval of time, another new conscience grew up In men's
minds. They say that it was not
enough to emancipate their fellows,
but that they must enfranchise them—
allow them to have a part In making
the laws under which they lived.
Today a new and nobler conscience
is taking possession of the people.
They are beginning to realize that precisely aB it Is wrong to permit the
physical bully to knock down and rob
his fellow men, so lt Is wrong to permit the Intellectual, the financial, or
the economic bully to exploit his fellow men by taking advantage of their
necessities.
The big Idea of this new twentieth
century conscience Ib to establish economic justice for all those who labor;
to give to tollers the full social value
of their products and to end the private ownership of jobs.
The new conscience will emancipate
the race. The new conscience is Socialism.—Chicago World.
50 &0rialt0t 00tt0*0
with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
labor mass meetings, the home,
etc Propaganda on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps or coin.
Address, Socialist Literature Co,
"Dept. P" 15 Spruce St.,
New York City
Party   Lapel
BUTTONS
Price: 50c each
or 5 for $2.00
Dominion Executive Committee
Labor Temple
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
301 Dominion Trust Building
Vancouver, B.C.
[PROMPTLY SECURED!
In all countries. Ask for our INVENTOR'S
ADVISED, which will be sent free.
J    MARION & MAIUON,
36*Unfver-it*'S!.Cor St Catherine SI.Montn .1.
LITERATURE.
We need money and we want    to
make way for new pamphlets.  Therefore we make the following offer:
Manifesto of S. P. of C   lOo
Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism     10c
Socialism and Unionism      Bo
Slave of the Farm      5c
Struggle for Existence      Bo
Summary of Marx' "Capital" So
The State and Government    Be
Value, Price and Profit    Be
60c
THE WHOLE BUNCH  FOR 25c.
A Good Place to Eat at
Mulcahy's
Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
F. PERRY
TAILOR
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
LABOR TEMPLE.

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