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Western Clarion Mar 9, 1912

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WW 11   ]Q]2    "<■
Subscription Price g\\ |A
McBride Puts the Kibosh on Minimum Wage Bill for
Miners and Other Labor Measures.
On Thursday, Feb. 22, Parker Williams introduced an Act respecting the
"Payment of Wages." It provides for
a fortnightly pay day.
On the same day Hawthornthwaite
moved the second reading of Act. Dr*n-
viding for a minimum wage or fS.So
per day for workers in coal mines.
He said that labor bills had so often
been presented and explained that it
seemed impossible to present any new
phase to the House, but the present
Bill did present a new phase. The
Socialist party took the position always that it was more advisable to
settle labor disputes by political action, through parliament, than by the
old methods of strike and boycott on
the part of the workers and the lockout and discrimination by the employers. The eight-hour Act for coal
miners had been opposed on the
ground that it was best for such matters to be settled on the industrial
field, but experience had shown that
it was better for the House to deal
with the matter by giving the measure of relief required. Since the enactment of the measure there had been
little trouble. He believed that eight
hours was too long to work in a coal
mine, but the miners seemed to be
satisfied for the present. The Bill before them dealt with wages and sought
to fix a minimum wage ln certain Industries; it dealt with coal miners
first, because they Buffered under certain disabilities others did not. On
the European continent the workers
were preparing to deal with a minimum wage, and in England they were
so fully organized that if they used the
weapon of the general strike the results would be disastrous. Tbe government was trying to reconcile the
• two parties and if the employers allowed them they might be successful,
if not, the dispute would have to be
settled by legislation ultimately. As
far as the question of wages was concerned a house of legislation was not
all-powerful.   Wages took three forms.
Real, Nominal and Relative Wage.
Their was their aspect of "real"
wages, 1. e., the amount of necessary
commodities the money the worker received would buy; the "nominal"
wage, which was expressed in dollars and cents; and the "relative"
wage, which was that portion of labor's product received by the laborer
compared to that received by the Capitalist class. The Bill only affected
the nominal wage, and did not affect
the real wage in any shape or form.
An increase cost of living meant that
the nominal wage did not buy as much
as it did before, owing to the fact that
the prices of commodities had risen
owing to the fall in the value of gold
compared with their value, thus causing the enhancement in prices and
wages being based on gold they did
not purchase as much as formerly.
The "relative" form of wages deserved consideration. In times past
the worker had received a large portion of the wealth he produced because
he did not produce much more than
wbb sufficient to reproduce his labor-
power, but in modern times be was ln
a very different condition indeed. In
every capltalistlcally developed country today the workers produced from
three to five times as much as they,
received in wages. But the Bill before
them did not affect the question of
"real" wages, nor interfere with matters of trade and commerce. Even
if it could be shown that it did affect
the powers of the Dominion government, they should go to the limit ln
passing it, because it meant so much
to the workers. Capitalism today had
greater power over the workers. The
latter had begun to organize against
capital and were becoming more powerful. If the coal miners and railroad
workers ln England came out on strike
Propaganda   Meeting
Sunday, Men. 9,8 p.m.
E. T. Kingsley,   Chairman
it would bring about anarchical and
disastrous conditions. He believed the
Bill would be a remedy and prevent
those conditions from coming in B. C
by providing a minimum wage for coal
miners. Many people thought that
those men were receiving from ?5 to
$7 a day, and if it were true there
would be no necessity for the Bill, but
many miners, working at the face, did
not receive more than $2.50 or $2.25
per day, and he had known of many
cases ln which men had received an
average of $1.75 per day or less for a
month's work. To those conditions
men would not submit, and it was only
a question of time when they would
take action In a brief and definite
form. By enacting a minimum wage
the House could anticipate that by
providing what was termed a "decent
living" for the workers under present
conditions. Many members of the
House were actuated by motives that
would induce them to vote for the
measure If the government did not
put its foot on it.
The argument that the legislation
proposal would drive capital away
would not hold good. Capital to an
amount previously undreamt of was
being invested in the Province, and
one capitalist, an owner of coal mines,
had told the speaker that he would
rejoice to see a minimum wage of
$4.50 per day enacted in the Province,
as that would place all capitalists on
an equal footing, and many of the
objectionable features of competition
under prevailing conditions would be
McBride Turns Down Minimum Wage
McBiide adjourned the debate. In
previous sessions he has adjourned all
the labor bills at the second reading,
and turned them down in a bunch on
the last day of the session. The
member who adjourns the debate has
the privilege of resuming it, and if he
is not "ready" to resume it he can continue to adjourn it, thus blocikng anyone else from speaking on the measure.
The member for Newcastle resumed
the adjourned debate on supply on
Satuiday, Feb. 24, at 10 a. m. He
explained that owing to the government departing from the usual practice of leaving the subject open from
Friday to Monday, and requiring that
the debate be immediately continued
he had not had time to consider it,
and would not have adjourned the
debate if he had known that was their
Intention. During the last few days the
government had kept the opposition
very busy by lhe Introduction of 8 or
10 important Bills, some of which weie
long ones. The government had made
it Impossible, by their basic, for the
opposition to perform its function.
That haste surely indicated that there
was something wrong in the business.
The opposition had endeavored to do
its best in the way of criticism, but
they were limited in numbers in the
performance of their duty, notwithstanding that fact, well known to the
government party, one of the three
of position had very often to follow
another, and the attitude of indifference of the Conservative party
amounted to discourtesy. When that
party with a membership of 39 out
of a House of 42 members, could not
find a man to take up the government's
pos'tion on any of its bills, there was
something badly lacking.
The Silent Majority.
To any criticism the ministers replied by pointing out the result of the
elections in the Province and Dominion, of noting it as a kind of Monroe
doctrine that justified and explained
all their actions. But the strength of
the government in the House bore no
relation to Its strength in the country.
The Dominion elections had no bearing on the House. The Conservative
party vote ln the last provincial elections had been about 53,000, as
against 47,000 for the opposition. On
that basis they (the Conservatives)
ought to have had 22 members in the
House, and their large majority was
only incidental to the scheme of political representation. That great silent
majority was supposed to be a sufficient answer to anything and everything,. It reminded the speaker of
Lord Cardigans Light Brigade.
"Thelr's not to reason why, "Thelr's
but to do and die," and that was ex-
(Continued on Page Four)
James J. Hill said the other day
that China could soon sell pig iron in
New York at $17 a ton.
"I believe lt," said a Vancouver man
today. "China," he added, "has enormous deposits of Iron ore, very much
higher in iron contents than the ore
we now use, running from 62 to 65 per
cent. This ore ls almost free from
sulphur, and is low in phosphorus.
They have an abundance of excellent
coking coal, which can be mined at
very low cost, because they have the
cheapest labor in the world. I believe it Is possible to produce pig iron
and finished steel more cheaply in
China than in any other country in
the world.
"China laborers, unskilled, receive
10c gold for a 12-hour day, and skilled
laborers, such as bricklayers, carpenters and machinists, 30c gold for 12
"The Chinese coal miner, he says,
is paid 7c and found a day for 12
hours. Coal at the pit's mouth in
China is sold at 25c a ton.
"This," he added, "is a yellow peril,
and a tariff Is needed to stop it."—
Vancouver World.
How does this strike some of you?
The tariff proposition is of course a
joke it will have as much effect on
Chinese commodities as the $500 head
tax did on the Chinese commodity peddles themselves.
Mankind has reached a point
where the means of satisfying its
needs are in excess of the needs
themselves. To impose, therefore, as
has hitherto been done, the curse ot
misery and degradation upon vast divisions of mankind in order to secure
well-being for the few, ls needed no
more; well-being can be secured for
all, without overwork for any.—
Rudolstadt, Germany.—The chamber
of t epresentatives of the principality
of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt has elected Socialists as speaker and deputy
speaker. This Ib the first German
state whose parliament is presided
over by a Socialist.. The chamber consists of nine Socialists, four Liberals
and three Conservatives.—Dally Socialist.
'jWhen humanity learned that it
could have a nation without a king
and a church without a pope, It had
taken a long step toward learning that
it can have a shop without a capitalist."—Lyman Abbott.
Martial law reigns at Lawrence,
The mass has risen against its oppressors.
The Lawrence strike is not the ordinary kind of a strike. It is a mass
It is a hunger strike. It is a protest
against starvation.
The men, women and children who
have quit their machines in the textile mills are not organized. The?
were not "called out." They just
walked out.
Lawrence is today the best illustration of the class character of government in thlB "the land of the free
and the home of the brave." Company after company of militia haa been
sent into the city to aid the wealthy
mill owners In compelling its slaves to
accept starvation conditions.
Women and children have been clubbed, bayonetted, shot and killed by
the uniformed hirelings of capital, the
All of this proves that after all the
law of force Is still supreme, all talk
of wise men to the contrary notwithstanding. j«8
And the strongest in the fierce war
between labor and capital will win.
Capital has all the forces of government to help down the workers.
Labor has only the control of its
labor power—to withhold it whenever
it will paralyze industry. And this
control, this power, it has only as it
learns to act ln unison.
Circumstances—grim circumstances
—nre forcing workingmen and women
When they have once learned the
lesson—woe unto capital and all Its
allied forces.—The Coaldigger, Wash-
Instead of Love, Kindness and Companionship, We
Have Hate, Cruelty and Bitter Strife.
And yet another opportunity. We struggle for liberty? Shall a few be
cannot complain that as a slave class compelled to carry the load of educa-
we have no opportunities to attack tion much longer, O ye slaves? No
that which enslaves us to a system of other page In history will reflect in
wage servitude we all must hate and our class  such well    deserved   con-
detest.   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
The field is clear.
Today ln British Columbia we face
our enemy the capitalist system
shorn of all befogging issues.
Not as in Europe. Not as ln the
United States.
Never before in history and ln no
other Province or Country was there
a class fight so well defined.
And the issue is? More capital with
its corollary more intense exploitation or making a noise like men we
will declare with  no uncertain sound
tempt as the history of these times.
Means of education, means of lib
ei ty, apportunlty to grasp all 'things
and we vote for our own slavery, we
lick our masters hands, we elect to
be ignorant, and like cattle to the
shambles we carry ourselves to our
masters shearing pens known as the
industries and unliae cattle we gather
up the proceeds ot the process our-
Iselves and lay It at our masters feet.
But it will not always he so. Slowly
the millstones of industrial evolution
are  grinding the   resentment  of  de-
that, as for ourselves, we will endorse !spair into numbers of workers and the
this accused system no longer. ! old guard on the firing line are cheer-
But the blood of the slave, the re- cd by the sight of recruits slowly but
jult of a hundred generations of slav-( surely filling up the all too big gaps.
ry, wanders sluggishly through the
■eins of the vast majority of our class
and we whine like curs at the tableB
of our masters tor a few more crumbs,
a little more straw in our kennels.
Not yet will we, the producers of
What do railroads mean to the prop-
ertylesB working class?
Granted the whole country were
covered with railroads, lumber camps,
mining camps, sweat shops, factories
and every other profit extracting de-
everythlng useful, arise and throw off vice of capitalism.   Then what?
our chains.    Only a comparative fewj    Do you fancy, O worker, that under
will answer the cad of freedom and' these circumstances you would flnd a
scorn to vote for the class who, by better market for  your labor power
virtue of their ownership of the means ! than you do now?
whereby  society  provides   for  itself, |    If you do, why not go back to Lon-
own us.
Rebels are some of us and wc ask
no favors.
We do not cringe and we ask no reforms.
We demand, and we demand not
too much. All that we have started
out to obtain Is all we produce and no
Yes, the Socialist Party of Canada
brand of Socialist is of a dangerous
type. He ls the handworklng on the
wall to the master class and from
their point of view should be ruthlessly exterminated. Praised be the gods.
Once more will the old guard line up.
Rather should one say 'will be In evidence for they are always on the
firing line. The Last Port has summoned a few. One by one they drop
away to their last rest and our turn
will come. How much longer, O!
slaves! How much longer shall we
be content with a mere pittance and
existence when the wealth of the
world is ours for the taking?
And the burden and the heat of the
don? Why not return East, ..est,
North, South, wherever you came
If these things constitute prosperity to you for heaven's sake go back
where they have them and lota of
In these thlngB we only discern ln-
tenser competition to sell our labor
power. We have In view the slums
of thickly populated countries and a
general state of affairs to escape
which we came WeBt. But escape
them we cannot. The railroads, the
camps, the factories are on the programme already. The slaves also are
diverting their ships hltherward ln
search of work-work-work. Right soon
will capitalist, prosperity overtake us
and then for the music.
But the old guard will light to the
last ditch and in the last ditch they
will flnd the masses of tho workers
who will then turn and capitalism wlll
be no more.
Are you waiting In the last ditch?
W. W. L.
We are here in a wonderful world
full of joy and delight. To move freely on the earth, to eat of its fruits,
drink its waters, and breathe Its pure
air, are things In themselves delightful
to healthy animals. Out ot the fulfillment of these needs comes the animal joy of life, intensified in the sensitive and highly developed human to
marvelous ecstacy.
Young things chiefly show it. Watch
the young animals to Bee the joy of
living spontaneously and beautifully
expressed; with each breath life so
nus them that tbe most extravagant
gambols can hardly give vent to the
joys they feel. And the young humans, If allowed something of that freedom in which the young of other Bpec-
ies develop, are the most delightful
witnesses to this universal joy ot life.
Strip healthy children, not only of
hampering clothes and wrappings, but
of hampering authority and governance, put them in healthy and beautl
ful places, and watch them tn their
free pleasures.
Later in life the joy is no less intense, though different in quality and
expression. The healthy man or woman of well developed body and mind
who goes out upon the earth as it is
in unspoiled places, and senses its
beauties and delights, is filled with a
rapture and fullness of life that none
can describe, which even the great artists can only faintly express. And with
It comes all that makes life worth liv
ing; love and kindness and companionship are Its fruits.
All this inexpressible joy of life is
ours. It is a part of our nature and
we feel the need for lt as we feel the
need for food and drink, an elemental
longing that burns and wastes us if It
is not satisfied. And here is the wide
world around us and all its wealth to
satisfy.   All this is ours!
And yet it is not ours. We have
nothing of it. Except in rare glimpses
we are hardly touched by its joy, and
at every turn our freedom to experiment Is balked. Instead of golden atmosphere, purity and satisfaction, we
have black darkness, filth, misery, and
an unquenched longing. Instead of
love, kindness and companionship we
have hate, cruelty, and bitter strife.
Human life Is terrible.
We take It as lt comes because we
are in the chains of habit; we take it
as lt is because we have grown amidst
Its horrors, and they have become
commonplace to us. But nevertheless
It Is terrible beyond words, and we
realize this still In moments of inspiration or of unusual bitterness.
Humans are horn healthy, strenuous
and self-assertive like other animals.
Under the conditions existing for the
majority those strenuous and sell-assertive human horn babies grow lo be
wretched slaves, leading lives of drear
discomfort, oppression and pain; under the best condlllons, existing for
a small nnd privileged minority only,
they grow to be callously cruel tyrants, directly or Indirectly practicing
tortures upon their kind, Incomparably
more horrible than anything else in
the whole animal world of passion and
the rage for food. In the past human
tyrants have tortured and killed the
best thinkers and most courageous ln
action of our race. In the past tyranny
hai tormented the tenderest human
bodies ami crushed out the joy of life
In blood and agony. This is trtie of
the past, but It is also true of the present. Tyrants of today are doing the
We live In the midst of this torture;
we grope about in the darkness and
dirt of cities and everywhere we see
and feel as if in endless panorama, the
same pain and despair. The torture
chambers of our modern tyrants are
the factories and mines and other IicIIh
in which their Blaves produce their
comfortable professors of history
write Indignantly of the tortures of
past times; they feel no shame and
anger, It seems, because of the tortures suffered ln every country today.
And yet theBe things are known to all.
In Russia, a brave girl, Marie Spiri-
donova, whose heart Is set aflame by
the sight of suffering, shoots one of the
worst torturers and is instantly set
drcn survive to enter it.
And we live In a wonderful world
offering us joy and delight.
A little labor, In combination with
our fellows according to experience,
upon by others and put through all
the diabolical torments which fiends
can invent. And not she alone, but
many. In Japan the revolutionary
Kotoku is executed because be attempted to give the means of free
thought to his countrymen that they
might free themselves. And not he
alone, but many, in Republican France,
the fearless Gustavo Herve, for four
lines of brave defiance, is condemned
to four years of prison—for each line
a year—and when he continues from
his prison to denounce the tyrants and
arouse the slaves, he is taken from
amongst the criminals to stop his
voice. And not he alone, but many.
In Spain, the gentle Ferrer ls condemned by a military tribunal without
the hearing of witnesses in his defense
and hastily shot before public opinion
can prevent the crime. And not he
alone, but many. In the British Empire, the torture of the Indian, Gulab
Bano, is concealed and condoned by
o'licials, and ls a thing so habitual to
British tyranny that when made
known at last it hardly evokes more
than a few shocked exclamations, immediate apologies, and denial of ita
horror as "exaggerated accounts." Yet
the woman died a lingering death after
it.   And not she alone, but many.
Not in one or two cases only, but in
Innumerable cases of untold suffering; not In one country only, but in
every country upon earth.
If mothers and fathers fully realized
the horrors of modern human life they
would scarcely dare to let their chil-
would Becure for each of ub everything
necessary to comfort and health. The
riches of earth are there for the taking, the joy of life ls for all. The
earth Is for us, and yet It Is not ours.
Between us and the joy of life stand
those few who own the earth and all
the means whereby our needs can be
satisfied. ■**
The earth is In their possession and
yot lt Is not theirs. That possession
does not bring to the individual possessors tbat which makes life worth
while Ib shown in the records of their
despicable lives, testified to in their
law courts, by their drink bills and
their doctor's bills, by their unwholesome bodies and stupid degraded
faces. These filthy people know nothing of the joy of life.
They are owners, and therefore they
can come between us ami our enjoyment; they can deprive us of earth's
delights, but they can not know themselves. They can enslave us and impose upon us tlie most miserable conditions ot slavery, and through the
power of ownership they can hold us
down by armies of police and soldiers;
they can torture us in body and mind
they can shut us out from the pleasant
wholesome places and force us to
live and labor in lhe hells of Industrial
cities. All this Ihey can do but they
can not themselves experience the
good they keep from us. The curse of
hatred and strife and disease which
they impose upon us they can uot escape themselves.
They hold the earth by tho power of
ownership, but it Is not theirs.
It ls ours when we make ourselves
strong to take It, when we break down
the property superstitions and powerB,
and the authority which supports
them. For this we have to use a
mightier power—the power of the producers who make human life possible,
and who can also make it impossible
for those who hold from them the
things necessary to their labor; who
can make human life Impossible except under conditions, fitting to humanity, of common ownership and opportunities for all.
The property owners hold the earth
as long as we submit to their dominance; but when we shall submit no
longer it is ours for the taking with
all Its beauty and delight.
The joy of life is for us.—Lily G.
Wilkinson, in Edinhurg Socialist.
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
Published every Saturday by tho Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
tho Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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B. C.
£ tQ —Wa-tch the label on your paper. If
Wj this number is on lt, your subscription   expires   the  next   Issue.
An election of members of the Legislative Assembly at Victoria, for the
ensuing term, is to be held in this
Province on March 28th. Nominations are to be made on March 14th.
It is safe to say that never since the
birth of the Socialist movement, as
an alleged organized force in this
Province, has It been so absolutely
unprepared to take part in an election, as now. It is time we were
candid with ourselves and acknowledged the humiliating fact.
The Socialist Party has been In existence in this Province about ten
years. It has been instrumental in
carrying on the propaganda of Socialism with such good effect that upon
several occasions its candidates have
been elected in certain districts, while
in others a large vote has been
polled. There are more Socialists in
B. C. now than ever before. It is safe
to assert that in some 8 or 9 districts
Socialist candidates could be easily
returned if anything like organized
effort was put forth. And yet, we are
confronted with the painful Bpectacle
of a campaign upon us and absolutely
no organized force in the field to take
part in lt on behalf of our class. We
have no organization and we might
as well admit it. In the two districts
(Nanaimo and Newcastle) which have
returned our candidates again and
again there is not even a Local of the
Party, and apparently no effort being
made to create one. In the other districts, throughout the Province the
Locals, as a rule, are either semi-defunct, or in a state of philosophic dry-
rot that is infinitely worse.
We might as well recognize the
plain truth even though to do so is,
for the moment painful, The fact
is\lhat something more than jawbone
philosophy is requisite to overturn the
rule of Capital and plant the standard
of Labor upon the ramparts commanding the field of Industry. Be the
ideas of Socialism ever so widely
spread and generally accepted, unless
this be crystallzed Into action tbe capitalist citadel will not fail. And such
action means organization. A confusion of gab may have brought the tower
of Babel to ruins but it will require
something mote drastic than gab philosophy to shatter Capitalism.
And what have we been doing all
these years other than merely indulge
our gab proclivities? Is there one
among us who does not know, that,
.we cannot attain the goal for which
we are striving except through the organized effort of our cluss? How can
such effort be expressed and realized
other than through thorough and disciplined organization?
And what Is meant by organization?
Does it necessarily Imply that every
workingman must hold a membership
card In the Party? The most careless
observer will note that such need not
be the case. It is scarce to be presumed that all workingmen wlll be
actual members. In Germany, for Instance, the Party membership numbers less than 1,000,000, and yet the
vote steadily Increases and has already paBsed the 4,000,000 mark. But
the work of organization has gone far
beyond the actual membership. The
Party members constitute the force
that goes Into a persistent and thorough canvasB of every district for the
purpose of locating every working-
man, residing therein and getting him
in touch with the Party propaganda
and other work. If he ls already a
Socialist he ls gotten Into line to assist in the task on hand. If he ls not
then the 'pressure is brought to bear
upon him that brings him to the pene-
tential bench.
There is not a political party In existence that elects Its candidates and
maintains Its hold upon the reins of
power that is not forced to depend upon just such a course in order to win.
The political parties of Capitalism
pay men to do the work that In the
case of our movement must be done
There Is not a district In 11. ('., out-
Blde of Vancouver that cannot be carried   within   a    comparatively   short
! time by 100 determined men who set
I themselves the task of thoroughly organizing their district. 500 men can
do the same thing with this city inside the next four years. And in no
case need it require more than a few
hours work per week.
A few gab-fiends can strut the platform and feed fat their vanity at the
expense of a few hundred suffering
listeners. After this has been repeated a few times it becomes a sort of
habit with both performer and sufferers. With all of his noise the gab-
llend reaches but an Insignificant percentage of the working people. An organized force of D00 men could put a
leaflet Into the hands of each one
of the 25,000 voters of Vancouver in
less than one hour. The cost of such
leaflets—and they could be made to
carry a far more effective message
than the average gab-fiend can get off
his chest in an hour and a half talk—
would fall far below the rent paid for
the Empress Theatre in this city for
'Sunday night meetings. What holds
true of Vancouver holds equally true
of the other districts, as well.
The work of organization should include every working man in the district. -His address, occupation, politics, whether on voters' list or not
and if not he should be put on, etc.
All of this information can be gathered with little labor and once obtained
it can be kept up to date with still
less. Sales of literature can always
be made either by the active workers!
direct or by the filling of orders sent
to headquarters. Also the circulation
of the Party paper can be increased
by the same token, Campaign funds
can be collected at the same time and
the small sums thus gathered would,
no doubt obviate the necessity of the
usual frantic appeals for help when
election time comes around.
Another striking evidence of our
lack of organization ls shown in the
fact that nearly all of the districts in
B. C, that contemplate putting up
Socialists are compelled to send elsewhere for candidates. Such requests
have already been made in a number
of cases.
As an excuse for such emergencies
it has been suggested that it ls due
to the fact that in many districts the
active Socialists have been driven out.
This may .be true, but even .so, it
speaks volumes for the lack ot spirit
upon the part of the rest. There are
men enough in any district, and in
neaily every mining camp, to keep an
active agitator on the job all the time ]
to keep things stirred up and also |
be a candidate when occasions requir- j
ed. The cost of keeping such a luxury
on hand would not exceed 25 cents
per man per month. We could name a
number of comrades who have been
driven from camps in the interior
through denial of employment who
ought to have been kept on the ground
by their comrades no matter what the
Be that as It may, however, we
have no organization. If we are to exist as a political force we will have
to get busy and build up an organization for the work in hand. Either
that or confess ourselves "philosophers only" and a d d cheap bunch
at that.
There is much going on these days
under the name of Socialism that will
scarcely pass muster under careful
scrutiny. We believe "Kaiser Bill"
has announced himself a . Socialist.
There is also much masquerading under the guise of Christianity that
would probably cause the Nazarene
to throw a flt If he should happen
along. The 8alvatlon Army monkey
business, for Instance.
Now they have a ditch digging machine over in the States that will dig
a ditch from 2 Inches up to 8 feet in
depth, and from 4 to 12 feet wide, finishing It as It proceeds. It will dig a
mile of ditch 6 feet deep nnd 12 feet
wide, In one day. Seven men are required to operate It. To do the same
amount of work would require 50
scraper shovels hauled by 100 mules
(quadruped), with a mule (biped) as
driver for each team. ThlB makes a
total of 150 mules. The four-legged
mules can now be sold and all but
seven of the two-legged kind chased
by the police. Will someone lead ln
A motor-driven trenching machine,
capable of cutting out in one day from
900 to 1200 lineal feet of asphalt and
concrete pavement, preparatory to
sinking ditches for sewers and water
pipes or electric conduits, waB recently demonstrated ln the streets of
Washington, D. C. It is claimed that
the machine, which can be operated
at a cost of $15 per day, can accomplish more cutting ln that time than
can 45 to 60 laborers, armed with
picks and crowbars.—Popular Mechanics.
Another lot of slaves ready for the
Flndlay treatment for nojoblcitls.
The contents of this pamphlet are
In every way the same as when de
llvered In lecture form at Fresno with
the exception of the quotation from
the address of Mr. Bristol, at. Sacramento, and the quotation from Uie
Cosmopolitan .Magazine, of July, 1909.
I consider religion to be a private
matter, but when it assumes a social
or political character it becomes subject to the same criticism as any other
social or political organization.
In any society, that movement which
succeeds in  prolonging its  existence
for any considerable length of time,
must have an economic basis.
When we look over the pages of
history we find that every great moral
crisis has always been preceded by a
change of economic conditions.
The Reformation, led In Germany
by Martin Luther, and In England by
Calvin, known in history as a great
moral wave, did not take place until
feudal society had begun to decay and
the trading and manufacturing class
was well advanced In the process of
its development. In the United States
the "Anti-Slavery" agitation before the
Civil War assumed the role of a great
moral movement; preceding thiB
movement, however, there had arisen
an economic problem.
In the Northern states slave labor
had been practically eliminated. Commerce and manufacturing had been
developed with wage labor as its
basis. The slave states had complete
possession of the general government.
Manufacturing, steam and machine
production could not have suiiieient
protection or be fully developed with
the government in the hands of an
agrarian, slave owning class. It was
this economic struggle of the manufacturing and trading interests that
made possible the Anti-Slavery movement and gave to it all its humanitarian and moral coloring.
In San Francisco has been going on
the "Graft Prosecution." Similar prosecutions have taken place in other
parts of the country. A prosecution
that makes strong appeal to the civic
virtues of the community. Leagues
of Justice are formed and a great
wave of ctvic morality sweeps over the
city. If, however, we analyze this
"Graft Prosecution" more closely,1 we
lmd underlying the moral wave, is an
economic consideration. The great
reformers and moralists who paid the
bills of the "Graft Prosecution" were
the unsuccessful rivals and competitors for the privilege and pelf of the
very man they prosecute.
We have today • in California and
throughout the country another great
moral movement, which has given
birth to such organizations as the
Anti-Saloon League and the Prohibition party. To properly understand
and Interpret these movements we
must discover their economic basis;
which as a matter of fact, is a contest
for revenue between the evangelical
churches and the saloon, as admitted
by the Rev. Mr. Bristol, district superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League,
in a public address delivered by him
in Sacramento, June 20, 1909. This
is further illustrated by certain compromises which have been proposed
and in some cases actually put. into
practice, in regard to the Sunday closing; the churches insisting that saloons should close on Sunday during
church hours, evidently with the idea
that if the people had no place else
to go, they might go to church, in
other words the church says to the saloon, "You have the people spending
money with you six days out of the
week, give us a chance to get at. them
on Sunday."
For years ministers have been complaining that the people have been
falling away from the church. Parks,
theatres, public concerts, sports of all*
kinds, and the saloon with its free
reading room, free music halls, free
lunch counters, and ln some instances
free lodgings for the penniless man,
apparently offer better attractions
than the chuich. In the light of modern science, theology is practically
dead. The church therefore finds itself compelled to Btruggle for Its existence; especially for revenue with
whicu to maintain Itself, and therefore
"the saloon must go," in the hope that
a large part of the money expended
In the saloons will find its way into
the coffers of the church.
The consideration of this question at
once brings up the question of the
power of the State over private property and the limitations of the State
in controlling the desires or regulating
the thought of the individual.
My worthy opponent, Mr. Chapin,
has used forty minutes ot his time in a
discourse of the dread disease of tuberculosis, and concludes with the statement that the government has power
to wipe out this disease, as it also has
the power to wipe out the terrible di
sease of alcholism. The passing of a
law by Congress, or by any State, to
the effect that on and after the flrst
day of January next, there shall be no
more tuberculosis, would not have the
slightest effect upon that disease,
Should the government desire to do
something effectual to prevent the
spreading of this disease it can do so,
only by removing the causeB which
'produce it. The general Improvements
of the conditions under which millions
of our people live; plenty of pure air;
better ventilation of the workshop,
mill and mine; better sanitation; bet
ter housing; a sufficiency of food and
clothing, would do more to reduce the
disease of tuberculosis than all the
prohibitory  laws  that could  ever be
passed. So also, the disease of alcholism can not be abolished by prohibitory legislation but only by removing
the causes which produce it. Sometimes a lack of self control results in
drunkenness, but in most cases it is a
desire to forget poverty and misery
through the medium of liquor.
The abolition of poverty and better
education for the masses, are the only
remedies for the disease of alcholism.
Alcoholism, however, is not as prev-
alent as Mr. Chapin or the usual advocate of prohibition would have you believe. United States reports for 1900
show the average number of deaths
attributed to alcoholism to be only
2,811; from scalds and burns 6,772;
from drowning 5,387; from poison
3,390; from suicide 5,498; while killed
and maimed on railroads we have a
total of about 18,000.
Certainly no one would advocate the
prohibition of water because 5,000 people annually get drowned; nor the
abolition of the railroads because 18,-
000 people are killed and maimed annually.
Religious fanaticism and holy wars
have destroyed upward of fifteen millions of human lives. And yet the religionists who have made the pages of
history red with human gore say to
us, "You shall not have a glass of beer,
it may injure your health."
The above article is from a 16-
page pamphlet by J. 11. Osborne, the
blind orator. This is a well got up
pamphlet and can be obtained at this
offlce at 10 cents each or $4 per hundred.
Socialist   Party  Directory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second and fourth Monday. Secretary.
E. T. Klngsley, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St.,   Vancouver, B.  C.
Executive Committee,., Socialist Party
of Cunuda, meets second and fourth
Mondays In month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St. E. T. Kingsley, Secretary.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada.
Meets every alternate Monday In Labor
Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite post-
office. Secretary will be pleased to
answer any communications regarding
the movement in the province. I1'.
Danby,   Secretary,   Box   647,   Calgary,
Committee: Notice—This card la Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous' of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 I'urby
St.. Winnipeg.
In looking at the sub list I must
say that I am disappointed. Before
the Clarion came back as a weekly
there were many that missed it and
wailed loud and long because of its
non-appearance on Monday morning.
Many said what they would do It only
we had the Clarion again. One would
think that they would have rolled up
subs in the thousands.
And Avhat do we find? Large locals
situated in populous centres away
down in the sub list. What is the
matter with them? Are they smitten with laziness? It is so easy to
sell sub cards. Our little local In this
tiny sleepy city has sold (200) two
hundred in three months. If we can
do that with hardly any effort surely
in the larger centers more can be
We must have a strong party paper,
It must pay for itself. The condition
of the paper shows the condition of
the party as a whole.
Do the comrades not realize that
they are giving the heathen a weekly
two hour lecture by making them subscribe to the Clarion.
Come come. Wake up you sleepy
comrades each do your bit take 10 sub
cards and go out amongst our heathen
friends and sell them its easy. Its nol
nearly so bad as asking for a job.
If every local throughout Canada
did as much in proportion as Local
Brandon the Clarion would have fifteen thousand subscribers.
Think of what that would mean and
what a paper we could have and what
a party. Don't you think it worth
while. Now, go ahead and beat ub
if you can.
A tip as to why we can beat you
other fellows. It is because we do
not waste our time getting subs for
sloppy so-called Socialist papers that
in the end bring up an element that
become a nuisance and a drag on the
..All our energies are expended ln
getting subs for the Clarion. And that
is why we can beat some of the
larger towns.
Our own economics teach us tbat
concentration, and subdivision of
labor increase production. Practice it
and we'll get there.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. 0., NO. 16, 8. T.
ot C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. In
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation Is
extended tu all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings aro held the firs*'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. In the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Juliun,
LOCAL   NELSON,   8.   T.   ot  C,   MEETS
every Friday evening, at 8 p.m., ln
Miners" Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin,  Secretary.
S. P. of C, meets every Sunduy In
hall In Empress Theatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    L.  H. Gorham,  Secretary.
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVINCIAL Executive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every flrst and third
Saturday in the month, 8:00 p.m., at
headquarters, Main Street, North Battleford. Secretary wlll answer any
communications regarding the movement In this Province. L. Budden,
Secy., Box 101, North Battleford, Sask.
Cammitteo, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace iiay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, »nx
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   CWEENWOOD,   B.   C,    NO.    B,
S. P. of C, meetH every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Primerllo, Secretary.
LOCAL    PERHIE,   8.   P.   of   C,    BOLD
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hail, Victoria Ave., every Sunday evening at 7:30. Business meeting first Sunday In each month, Miners' Hall nt 2:30. W. L. Phillips, Secretary, Box 604.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 25, 8. P. of C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secretary, P.O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets ln Flnlandors' Hall, Sundavs at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O
Box 64, Rossland.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. ln Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Business meeting every Tuesday evening nt Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Macdonuld, secretary, 172 +
Alberni St.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     I.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Husl-
ness meetings on Thursday evening!
following propaganda meetings ot I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alfa-
Secretary, Jas. Olendennlng, Box 63,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information any dav ut Miners' Hall
from Com. w. Graham, Secretary of
U. M. \V. of A.
P. of C, Heudquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public freo, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
Secretary, A. Farmilo. 622 First St.;
Organizer,  W.   Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening nt S o'clock nt the headquarters. 4211 Eighth Ave. East, between Third and Fourth streets. F.
Tipping, Secretary.
every Sunday . Trades Hall, S p.m.
Business meeting, .second Friday, 8
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secrt-
tary, 19U9 Garnet St.. P.O. Box 1046.
of C. Headquarter j. No. 10 Nation
Block, ftosaar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunduy at S p.m.; business meeting, second nnd fourth Mondays at I
p.m.; economic c!o.ss, Fvlduy at 8 p.m.
Secretary. T. Mellallou, III Third St.,
I'viindon,  Man.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third Sundays ln the month, ut 4 p.m., in
Miners' Hall. Secretary. Chas. Peacock,   Box   1983
LOCAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings ut Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
LOCAL SANDON, B, C, NO. 38, 8. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
in the Sandon Miners' Unior Hall.
Communications tn be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Hoom 2, over Collls-
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
LOCAL  VEBNON,  B.   0.,  NC.  38,  8.  P.
of C. Meets every Tuesday. 8:00 p.m
sharp, at L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St
W. H. Gllmore, Secretary.
LOCAL  VANCOUVEB,   B.    C,    NO.    48,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 2237
Main Street.    Secretar;*, Wm. Mynttl.
OP C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday. 7:30 p. m., tn tne Trades Hall.
Kconomlc Class every Sunday, 3 p.m.
I). McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. 0„ Sask.; A. Stewart, Organizer,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
8. P. OP C—Headquarters 628'A Main
Street, Winnipeg, room 2; next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11: economic claas
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary'^
address. 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
In Dr.-umlund Theatre. Muln Street, «t
8  o'clock.     Discussion   Invited.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  NO.  8,  8. P.  of C	
Business meetings the llrst Sunday in
the month nt 3 o'clock p.m. at headquarters. Secretary, Sam Horwith.
Headquarters, 36 1-2 llldenu Street.
Phono 277. Address. 322 Gladstone
Business and propaganda meeting
every Thursday nt 8 p.m. In Macdon-
ald's Hall. Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash. Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen: 11. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office In D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. Building, Union
LOCAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    ot
Nova Scotln.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 In the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretury,  llox 344.
UKRAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, is organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrnineun workers tn the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranlan Federation publish their own
wt-oklv organ. "Nova Hromada" (New
Soelctv). at 413 Klnlstlno Ave., Edmonton. Altn. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to .1. Scnuk, Fin. Secretary.
A press dispatch from Germany says
that the German government Is not
very much Inclined to Blgn an international peace agreement with Uncle
Sam. This is not a joke. Since the
Socialists captured 76 per cent, of the
Berlin voters, since the Berlin Hoch-
burg and government district was only
saved by seven votes, and since the
Kaiser's own residence city, Potsdam, fell into the hands of the Socialist anti-militarist, leader Dr. Karl
Llebknecht—what else can the Kaiser
do but promise to stop his martial
music and listen to the songs of international peace, sung by 500,000 men,
women and children in the Trep-tower
Pack of Berlin? Even Kaisers are
subject to the omnipotence of nature
and the lawB of social evolution.—
People's Voice.
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform   and   application   blank
per 100   25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegicnce to and support of the principles and program of the re-
'tlutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of th*
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect, and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tha wag*
system, under which is cloaked th* robbery of the working clasi at th*
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates th* transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between th* capitalist and
th* worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of th*
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, th* worker to secur* lt by
political action.   This is th* class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with th* object of conquering th*
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing th* economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. Tha transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mill*,
railroads, etc) into th* collective property of th* working class.
2. Th* democratic organization and management of industry by
ths workers.
3. Th* «'«blishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
us* instead of production for profit.
Tbe Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until th* present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interest*
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party ia for it; if it will not, th*
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in ita hands in such n manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00 SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 1912.
Local Dewberry, Alta., Mo. 30 wishes
to call the attention of all reds to
the fact that we are- putting up a
candidate to contest the constituency
of Alexandra in the next provincial
elections and will be glad of any help
either in the way of money or speakers. Donations may be sent to the
undersigned und will be acknowledged
in tho Clarion.
We consider there is a good fighting chance here—had Com. A. Budden
for a series of seven meetings and
were delighted with his work to say
the least (would 'cut out praise If we
thought it might lend to swell-head
but think perhaps Alf. is proof against
it I. We surely can recommend him
to any locals wishing to spread effective revolutionary dope.   Also had
| the old war-horse Com. O'Brien for a
i couple of meetings.    More power to
I both  comrades!
Help will be much appreciated as
the opposition to us Is as strong as
capitalistic ignorance can make it, but
we are making a big dent in it and
election day will iind us ready. We
are spoiling (o send up a side-kicker
to help Charlie out in his single-
handed scrap with the Alberta "Executive Committee of the master class."
Submitted on behalf of  Local Dew-
Ottawa by the next Dominion elections. B. C. Locals can have this leaflet ready for this present campaign
if they buck up. Don't ask questions
about the leaflets as we will turn out
the right stuff fiom here. Now act.
South Fort George, B. C.
Feb. 24th, 1912.
[Secretary Provincial Executive,
Vancouver, B. C.
fDear Comrade:
We have held two propaganda meetings in Fort George during the past
month and the boys over there are
about to apply for a charter which we
think should be granted.
The two towns are four miles apart
' therefor as Fort George is the head-
i quarters for a large number of farmers
I and workingmen, a local at that point
I will prove convenient.   We have been
doing a p.reat deal of educational work
I in this section of Cariboo, which will
I prove useful in the future.
If things brighten up industrially
and the country settles up a bit Fort
George will be a strong Socialist center.
Yours In Revolt
An election has been sprung upon
us in B. C, are we ready for it? What
has been done since the Dominion
elections? Not 10 towns in B. C. have
held propaganda meetings and least of
all not one has done any organization
work. We as a Party are to blame.
We have let thingB slip by too easy.
A little energetic propaganda for
|. about a month before election is all
that  has  been  done.    We've  got to
(By Watts.)
A movement is on foot in Kansas
to  amalgamate  the  different  church
start  right  now.    Here  is  an" offer, (organizations, which if successful will
How many of you in Canada will ac-
Another poor attempt at sub hustling this week. This is the time of
year for spring cleaning, why not
try and get the cobweos off the brains
of a few thousand slaves?
.1. P. Kinnear, Toronto 20
A. Budden, OrganizingAlta.  8
F. Tipping, Calgary, Alta  0
IJ. McDougall, Winnipeg, Man  5
J. C. Turner, Fernie, B. C   7
Chas. A. Watts, Keewatin, Ont..!. 3
Ed. Fulcher, Brandon, Man  ii
Ashton Howe, Montreal, Quebec  3
C. M. O'Brien, Edmonton, Alta   2
W.  H. Mclsaae, Ymir, B. C   2
T. d. Mason,  .Montieal, Quebec... 2
C.   Carlson,   Brandon,   Man  2
A. E. Tipper, City   2
P. Bedford, Sunnydene, B. C  2
Angles—H. C. Besant, Red Deer; T.
Cassidy, Revelstoke; W. Byatt, City;
J. A. Tell, Spences Bridge; W. H. Anderson, Dewberry; T. Matthews, City
V. Burapstead, Victoria; R. I,
.A.atthews, City; .T. Watson, Winnipeg;
A. T. Higgins, Brandon; JI. Light-
stone, Calgary; W. L. Blrkett, Courtenay; J. Jlc.Marran. liedieine Hat; D.
Galloway City; J. Mclnnis, S. Fort
George', Thos. C. Jlakepeace, La-
eombe,   Alta.;   D.   JIcLellan,   Jlerritt,
B. C.
Toronto gets the best of Winnipeg.
New Westminster climbs a notch.
Nelson means to make Gribble go
some. Glace Bay and South Hill,
Sask., also come on the list. This is
how they stand:
Vancouver,   B.   C  1
Victoria,   B.   C  2
Brandon,  JIan   3
Edmonton, Alta   4
Calgary, Alta  ii
Toronto,  Ont.  6
Winnipeg, JIan  7
Fernle, B. C  8
Jloose Jaw, Sask  9
New Westminster, B. C 10
Montreal, Quebec  11
Nelson, B. C 12
Cumberland,  B.  C  13
South Fort George, B. C 14
sllverton, B.  C 15
Ottawa,  Ont 16
N, Battleford, Sask 17
Regina, Sask 18
Glace Bay, N. S 19
South Hill, Sask 20
1 cept lt.   From now on a 4 page leaflet
will  be  published  every  two  weeks
easily read, well printed, good sound
stuff, it will. make one of the  best
I means of propagating Socialism that
I bas been used In this country,   poi*
many, of you will help turn your local
[ into an organization for the dlstribu-
I tlon of these leaflets.   The first leaflet
f to be published will be Comrade Grlb-
Jble's article "What we want" that was
published In the July .Magazine number of the Western Clarion.
We want to be guaranteed an output
' of 10,000 copies per issue. 10 locals
ordering 1,000 each will guarantee it.
Get your Local Into shape or go out
of business.   This Is one of the best
mean about 500 sky pilots looking for
other Jobs.
The municiple campaign is on in
Milwaukee. The issue is already defined. Socialism versus anti-Socialism.
Milwaukee's Socialist administration
has made good and the chances of reelection looks good.
'*   • ■ *
A woman doctor says the "feebleminded should be segregated," Liberal
and Conservative voters please take
notice likewise you poor deluded mortals who support the Province, World,
Herald, Telegram, Truth and the rest
of the capitalist trash.
*   »   •
The Mexican rebels have again cap-
ways of getting to the workers, tjts tured Juarez and several other towns,
up to you to start in right now. You
cannot devolp speakers or It seems
that way as we flnd Locals all^ over
the Province, clamoring for speakers,
ou cannot even put your qwn members
into shape to become candidates,
you've got to send away for them.
What's the matter with you? We know
the bosses are severe on Socialist agitators but whats to prevent you from
getting up early Sunday morning
when your boss is abed and distributing a hundred or so, leaflets? What's
to prevent you Saturday afternoon or
evening getting out whilst your boss is
taking a trip to the country in his
stink-wagon? As I stated last week
there is no excuse. The revolution
will only be brought about by persistently doing something that will tell.
Here Is the offer, It means a lot of
work at this office for us, but we will
sit up all night, all the week and get
theBe out If you will only show us that
you mean business at your end of the
line. These leaflets will be issued at
11.50 per thousand If we get our guarantee, otherwise we might as well go
out of business. Send ln your orders
you can send the long green afterwards, let us see where the up to date
locals are. Let us see where that
little bunch ot comrades in some small
town that are sick of this rotten system are. Start In right now for a
determined capture of the House at
one of which places them ln control
of thesplants that supplies power and
light to the city of Mexico.
* •   •
The worst has happened. No, let
us say "the best," in England, 1,000,-
000 workers on strike, some people
says it always has been and always
will be, but this Btrike looks different.
* *   •
We have a few bound volumes of
1909 and 1910 Western Clarions left
we are offering them at $1.50 a volume for a quick sale.
Send In your orders for 1911 bound
volumes at once.
No, the Liberal party is not dead,
its ranks will be filled by the would be
reformers. The Liberal party's platform embraces everything from a new
dinner pail to the abolition of graft
and a little direct action thrown in.
tl was only a few weeks ago that
Vancouver held the record for Russian tyranny, now Its Lawrence, Mass.
Well, well, well. The Republicans
last hope Is brave Teddy. Of course,
you must bear in mind, J. P. Jlorgan
and the Wall street bunch want him
aB president.
Of the a men who asked for speedy
trial, charged with taking part in the
free speech fight here, 4 got 3 months
apiece and one discharged.
R. P. Pettipiece is calling for volunteers to ho'.d down his job whilst he
is in jail.
Local Victoria intends to distribute
500 Clarions a week during the campaign,  what about you?
"The fact that the Census Board has
ascertained that the average weekly
wage in Cleveland Is $12.01 does not
impress me as being bad at all when
viewed fiom an economic standpoint,"
said Professor Bailey. 'I think such
an average wage is really excellent.
It is moie than the strikers at Lawrence get. I do not see why any
economic readjustment is needed so
long as wages keep as high as that."
We fully agree with the Professor.
Wages do not want to be readjusted.
But 1 wonder what the Professor
would say to the abolition of wages.
10 of the members of the late B. C.
Government remind me of sympathisers, who come to the Socialist meetings saj'B Hear, Hear, and then goes
and works like hell for his boss the
rest of the week and forgets the class
Things look good around Brandon
Local these days, 200 sub cards purchased and sold In three months.
That's going some, eh?
Brandon Trades Council in its semimonthly vaudeville show, kicked because the city council bought some
land for (possibly) speculative purposes.
They did not think it "right" for
the city to engage in real estate business. "Oh, Pshucks"! not right, what
A delegate thought there was a
"Semblance of graft in it." What degree of wickedness a semblance of
graft Is I don't know, but I do know
that graft or no graft the workers get
skinned of all they p-oduce over and
above their keep. Gratt or no graft is
not a question for us to worry about,
but after the surplus value.
The silly season in Brandon Journalism is here. Some good reporter is
showing the plugs that he knows nothing about Socialism and does not
know enough to keep his mouth shut.
A "degradation" of the "Social and
Moral Reform League" waited upon
the Government asking them to take
a referendum on "Banish the Bar."
The aforesaid quacks wish to pull
down the rotten tree of Capitalism by
tearing off a decayed bag or two. The
minister for education told the "degradation" that the way to stop the
liquor traffic was to cut out the profit
on It. Guess he hit the nail on the
head pretty good. Wonder where he
learned it.
As he Ib the representative for
Brandon, maybe we had something to
do with It. Oh, well we're not claiming the credit.
The "Social and Moral Reformers"
don't wish to abolish the manufacture
and sale of liquor, so they say, but
only the bar and "treating." However,
they appeared before the license commissioners at Brandon and protested
against a new wholesale license being
granted ln this burg.
"A million for JIanitoba." How glorious, we won't need to eat then just
fill ourselves up with inspiration and
thanks, to think that we are citizens
of such a province.
A modern Klondyke at Minltonas,
I guess there's more gold ln exploiting wageslaves than in digging at
Minltonas. I guess the "free citizens
of Lawrence, JIaBS., now on strike
will soon be able to see that they
are really wage slaves. If not, that
little action of the police in not allowing them to send their children out
of town should show them.
Free men, yet not allowed to send
their children out of town to visit
their friends. Then hauled up ln court
for neglect of them. Who says that
the powers of Government are not
used by the masters to keep down
the workers.
Need for Political action you bet.
Why not get the full product of your
toil by voting the Socialist ticket.
There is enough of you ln B. C, to do
the trick, we will be supported by the
rest of the workers of the world.
There are 56 Mayors, 146 Aldermen,
160 Councilmen, IS State Representatives, 1 Congressman, and other elected officials numbering In all 1,039 in
the United StateB elected on the Socialist ticket.
I regard the rights of men and
women equal. In Love's fair realm,
husband and wife are king and queen,
sceptered and crowned alike and seated on the selfsame throne.
Western Clarion
B.C. Executive Com.
Dom. Executive Com.
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B.C.
Comrade Wright Bays in his article
!n 656 on Saving: That the reason
why the workers are poor and cannot
save in "The .Model Cily of Gary" ls
because they pay from 20 to 25 per
cent, more for their commodities and
receive 20 cents and 30 per cent, less
than in Chicago.
In other words to solve the Industrial problem, go to Chicago. Well
Comrade Wright like all other reforms and solutions when you've had
some you find that they are worthless. I've had some. I went to Chicago and the last stage was woise
than the flrst.
Such an Instance is only sporadic
and can not be cited as a rule. Why
the workers can not save Is because
competition for jobs causes them to
seil their energy, on the average, at
what it costs them to produce lt. So
they are just a part of the capitalist
mechanism and receive no more than
any other machine, that is just
enough for their needs.
By Frank B. Norman.
The object and meaning of Socialism is to abolish the wage system,
bag and baggage.
It means:
That man shall no longer be employed at wages by another.
That man shall have by right and
opportunity the privilege to employ
himself, that hiB daily output in full
shall be his remuneration or reward.
That the boss and owner and the
dividend leech shall step down and out,
and give up their usurped right to
compel other human beings to do their
will—for to allow them that privilege
wrong, and It is against all the law
of love and justice that one should be
subject to another's will.
That It shall be impossible that the
means of living, such as land, mills
and factories, the means of education,
transportation, etc., which are the tools
of production, shall be owned by one
set of people to be used for profit and
the exploitation of another set.
That we shall set up in the place of
that damnable system a new system of
producing the things needful for man,
where those things shall be produced
for man's use only as he has need of
That every man shall be an equal
owner In the tools of that production,
where every man will have an equal
right to the use of those tools without
the consent of another, and shall have
a right to their use as much or aB
little as it pleases himself only.
That Is the object and the meaning
of Socialism summed up in a nutshell
—that and nothing else.
Just think it over my fellow slave
and shopmate; think of the bitter lot
of ourselves and our own children;
think of our miserable shacks and our
filthy factories, the long hours of toll
subject to another's will, and the awful
uncertainty of the future; think what
fools we must be to raise one linger
to hinder the ushering in of that better system from which will flow life
and joy, culture, . education art and
luxury, and all the good and beautiful
things of life for all who care for
It is up to you, my fellow slave; the
tools are all at hand and lying Idle,
waiting for you to shake off your fear
and lethargy. You have nothing to
lose, and everything worth living for
to gain.—Weekly People.
Know Why
Socialism is Comings
Don't be a socialist unless you know why you are one. Know wrirtr
Socialism is coming. Trace the economic development of civilization,:
through from slavery to the present and know why socialism im;
Victor L. Berger says:
"A few soelaliat phraaaa ia not sufficient to make tn scientific
aocifiliat. In order to know WHY SOCIALISM IS COMING, &
socialist should have an idea of evolution, he must know history..
he must know something oi economic development.
We as socle-JUts are vite-lly Interested in the development of
civilization. History for us ia not a collection of sheJlow vlUatg*
ttvles, the story of coronations, weddings and burials of kings. For
us the true lesson of history is the story of progress of mankind bear
fre.d'jB.1 steps from brute.1 slavery to enlightenment, culture*
o.nd humanity. *
The manner In which one system has grown out of anothsrtv
feudalism out of slavery end ce.plte.lism out of feudalism is most
•uggestive of the manner by which the Socialist Republic will
gradually develop out of the present system.
To show how the Socialist Republic will gra.dua.Hy develop oat
of the present system, the Library of Original Sources he.* been
published.   It Is e. treasure mine."
The Library of Original Sources
(In the original documents—trantlated)
clears away the bigotry and superstition that has accumulated around religion. Uw,„
government, education, etc.—brings to light the naked truth and shows why socialism is coming.  This wonderful library gives the authoritative sources of knowledge
in all fields of thought—socialism philosophy, science, education, etc. The rock-bottosss:
facts which for centuries capitalist writers have deliberately kept from the people.
Thousands of the Comrades in ell parts of the United States and
Ce-.ne-.da he>ve secured this library on our co-.opere.tive plan, and
without a single exception are enthusiastic over it.   Letters
like these come pouring in with every mail:
John Spargo: "cTtfost helpful,
to be In every library."
Walter Lohrentz, Wash.: "A boon to
workingmen who have not time' nor
money to get a college education."
A.M.Simons: "Superiorto encyclopedias; will be read when novels are
C. E. Kline, Wash.: "I am urging all
my friends to secure your great
Geo. Pae, ^Alberta, Can.: "juet the
thins 53 bt;*o i-'i'n the wheels of
Fred Warren:  "Most important production;
Local could not make a better investment.
Arthur M. Lewis:   "The most valuable part
of my library."
C. R-Oyler, Editor Enterpriser: "The best       ,<
book investment I ever made." /
Jack London:     "c_A  library  boiled      /
down. I never could spare these ten       ff
volumes from my library." &
Ernest Untermann     "The vol-     c Extension i	
umes will be my most valuable     ;-*■*       Milwaukee.Wsa.
companions  this  winter,"
An "original document"  free
Telling of a popular uprising in mediaeval England,   /
and how the people got their rights.   A rare docu-   /'
ment   of  greatest   interest   and   importance   to   /
Socialists. '
FREE—Send in Vt-ched coupon TODAY    /    Addm
for free copy.
 ibrary (
Source, snd K.
tet s Ml on the c
live plan.
net his own father who, on strike, ia
struggling for a few cents more with
which to buy better food for the humble mother and hungry little brothers
and sisters—if the father on strike
doesn't keep quiet and remain docile
while the local .industrial musters
starve him back to his old job at his
old wages.
The capitalist holds the whip of hunger over the working class father's
back, and the working class son holds
a ride at his own father's breast. The
father must surrender.
Thus the young militiaman wrongs
his own class, outrages his own father,
helps humble his own little brothers
and sisters, and spits In his own mother's face.
The war is the class war.
The militiaman and policeman are
local soldiers ready for orders to shoot
their neighbors, friends and relatives
in the struggle for existence. In the
industrial civil war tho capitalist class
starve, seduce n\,A bribe the working
class to fight both side; of tho buttle.
The rulers ruie. They think—ami
win by thinkinc
Think It over, young man. Be loyal
to your own father and mother, and
your own brothers and sisters, and
your own class. Be class loyal.—Labor
Call, Australia.
The workers are meek and modest
and humble and docile, and are always
gulllbly ready to obediently do whatever their crafty political and industrial masters order them to do.
Whenever the capitalists want war
and the politlcans declare war, the
flim-flammed, bamboozled working
man straps on a knapsack, shoulders
a rifle (or lakes a policeman's club),
kisses hla wife and children good-bye,
and marches away to fight a war he
didn't want, a war he didn't declare, a
war that bellttleB and wrongs him by
injuring his class—and marches away
to butcher other working men whom
he doesn't know and against whom he
has no quarrel.
He yella, kills, and slaughters—because—simply because—because some
crafty crooks, called "prominent people" tell him to do so. He screams and
Is slain, he yells and is slaughtered
—simply because he does not understand the sly, devilish trick that is
thus being played upon him and his
Young working men are shrewdly
flattered into joining the militia and
the army, in order to help the capitalist class force the working class to
keep still and atarve; or accept cheap
food, cheap clothing, cheap shelter and
cheap furniture as all their share for
all their work for all their lives.
Suppose the working man has a son
In the local militia company, and suppose Mr. Workingman goes out on
strike for two or three more nickels
per day with which to buy belter food
for the young militiaman's own mother
and his little brothers and sisters.
This young man in tho militia company can be ordered to shoot or bayo-
By William R. Shier.
Do you want to surrender your personal liberties, to forego the pleasures
of civilian life, to have your freedom
arbitrarily   restricted?
No?   Then do not j< in the arm".
Ho you want to lore your self-respect, to throw your manhood into the
gutter, to become a machine responsive to another's will, to belong to a
murderous Institution that insists upon
unquestioning obedience?
N'o?   Then do not join the army.
Do you want to cringe before men
who may be no better than yourself,
to submit without protest to snobbery
and  graft, to be subjected to Ihe insults and extortions of a clique of petty officers, to be denied the rights ot*
citizenship,  to  expose yourself to affi
the moial  rottenness of barrack  lifc^.
to run the risk of contracting loathsome diseases?
No?   Then do not join the army.
Do you want to become a professional murderer, to kill men with whom
you have no quarrel, to make cripples
and widows and orphans of those wl»r>
have done you no harm, to turn yourself into a fiend who chief business ills to spread misery and death at the
.behest of a master class?
I    No?   Then do not join the army.
I    Do you want to die of fever in dfs-
. tant lands, to sacrifice your life upon
jthe altar of trade, to become the dupe
| of self-seeking capitalists, to help club
. foreign peoples Into buying tho surplus
| products of American  manufacturer?*,
ito  engage  in   bloody  was  that  financiers may float huge government loans.
I to endure indescribable hardships for
tbe enrichment of money-lenders, arm?
contractors     and    unscrupulous   politicians?
No?   Then do net join the army,
lo you want to shoot honest work-
in:.' people who are striking for better
conditions, to help reactionary governments keep the oppressed and disinherited masses in subjection, to stand
in the way of social progress and itu-'-
mnn upllfe?
No?   Then do not join the army. .
■    Do you  want to see men's  braiiuf
| spattered upn the ground, their header
shot off by cannon balls, their anns-
iand legs crushed to pulp, their bellies
j ripped open by vicious bayonets, their
I bodies writing In terrible agony, their
i lives blighted   by   the   brutalities   ot.
! war?
|    No?   Then do not join the army.
.'rmies aro made un of working people If working people should refuse*
: o enlist there would be no armies. IF
there were na armies there would be-
no warB. So atay away from the ro-
icrultltlg offices anil urge others lo do
tho same.
The   textile   workers   of   Lawrence,
Mass., are being civilized by the same
I methods  that  will  be  used  to  Chris- -
, tianlze  the  Chinese.
Hardy Bay
Farm Lands and Building Lots
to supply the world from their mills, mines and factories; the captain*
of industry all over the World huve spent millions to help wake up the
Orient; the name men indirectly mused the buildiiiK of the Panama
Canni to handle the slow freight and resources of tho Orient for the
markets of Europe.
The same captains of industry are to make Hardy May the terminal
for all the passenger service, mail and fast freight, are now speint-
\dk fortunes on  preliminary work  In  Ihe district
.JAPAN ON THE PAIP1C COAST, which will connect lhe three great
trunk railroads with  the Oriental and Ala.skan  fleet.
PACIFIC TO THE ORIENT. Mammoth coal anil Iron deposit-* have
been discovered near the harbor- Wetl-Known (inanclera are contemplating building one of the largest Steel plants fn tin*' world. They also
Intend to build a Pulp Mill that wll be second to none on the continent.
Hardy  Bay wll  also capture the Ala«kan  trade, and  is  (he only  natural
gateway of the Pacific Coast—and is destined to become the Metropolis
of the North.
40-Acre Farms City Building Lots
Western Farming and Colonization
Office: 5 Winch Bldg. Vancouver, B. C. PAGE FOUR
The writer was ome lokl by a well
Iknown member of the Socialist Party
filial he had the "Revolutionary itch.'
fie did not resent this because it was
Crue, and long before and ever since
She has been scratching, so to speak,
Ss wake possible and visible on the
outside, the dreams of tbe NEW IN-
EJUSTRIAL order that has taken pos-
tsession within.
He has watched the growth of this
taiovement from a mere handful of
.!i*srnest men and women to a mighty
army of protest. During that wonderful campaign of 189G, when a great
sgsychologlcal wave was generated on
•the idea of "free silver," he stood to
-cone side and smiled as it went by, for
at that time he was a Socialist and
■.-understood there could be no lasting
ssood come from such a movement,
-sven though it were victorious. He
"araa even glad when it failed and the
""GOLD STANDARD" fastened Its sli-
any coils around the American people,
.tor beyond the darkness he saw the
iight, not in the "patching up of the
-mid garment, but in the building of a
aew industrial order founded on NEW
."PRINCIPLES and administered with
ni new purpose.
These years of service, before and
since,  the  present' organization   was
'^K-ni constitute no valid claim to leadership In  a movement   that  springs
I iroin the great principle that society
'should be governed by the PEOPLE.
Tbe  writer is today only a humble
■iaie-nber of Ihe RANK and File, and
-.as -.such  only  does he desire  to  be
': aeajjl, but the "urge" to speak comes
'.■"rran  his desire to keep this  move-
i snout, for which he has spent many
• at the best years of his life, clear and
- .InHt now, In his judgment, the
■movement is in the most critical time
of its existence. It is approaching
■ptiasei, and power is dangerous unless
.properly directed.
The essence of the Socialist move-
unent is not in its numbers, but in
"its principles. As long as principles
are "kept clear, numbers are desire-
"With victory in sight, however,
"eternal vigilance is the price of lib-
oil y and capture everything in sight
on u program of compromise and hftlf-
tvay measures,
My ears may be large enough, but,
my working-class brother, lend me
yours for a tew moments. After you
have captured a CAPITALISTIC OFFICE for, usually, some "leader," but
we will say now a member of your
own class, what do you expect him
j to do with it ? The very best he can
Ill admit that this will be a new experiment and perhaps worth while,
and the capture of the office, if PROPERLY captured, will be helpful to the
propaganda, and all that.   It may even actly why they were there—just to
some minor advantages to wa-k up and vote ln SUpport ot the
Open   your  mouth  and   shut  your
We'll   give   you   something   that's
mere sin'mise.
"We are spending more than $<IC0-
000,000 for militarism and the effects
of militarism, and only $200,000,000 fo.
the entire public school system. We
shall get," said the speaker, "just what
we are preparing for. It is useless for
certain men to cry 'peace, peace,' as
long as we are voting tremendous
sums for the support of a standing
army."—Victor Berger in House at
Continued from page one
result in
the working class in the great class
struggle now on.
But with the wage system still in
power, as it WILL BE, so very little
government and nothing else, was the
function of that great majority.
Twenty of the Conservatives majority
had not contributed one lone idea to
good will come from this experiment j legislation In the last   three   years.
in actual alleviation of the woes of
the working class that, UNLESS THIS
Injury to the real movement for industrial emancipation.
The fellow with the "office itch"
will stick for a program of "great
promise" to the "dear pepul," he always has—It's a part of his very nature*. It's up to the rank and file to
see to it that the real program is
RED —and these other measures are
given out truly for what they are
worth as merely tentative reforms.
And now the Ass is edged to one
side, and the Prophet says, "Let me
speak a word:
"I see In the near future a great
scramble for office. I see the old citadels of the master class besieged by
the new movement of the working
clats, a movement full of life and
vigor, a movement that brings forth
heroes and martyrs from the common
people, a movement full of HOPE. I
see the country swept by this movement and city after city captured. I
see the hopes of the people raised to
a HIGH DEGREE of expectation. I
see the new officers taking their seats
and I listen to the shouts of "Hosan-
na" from a million voices. I see them
swing off   with   firm  purpose  to  do
■ isrty." The master class are not to be
-easily dethroned. They well know they I something worthy of the cause they
■are powerless to  meet the  Socialist  represent. I see them butt their heads
'.movement in an open fight, and not' against the wage system to little or
being   able   to   stop   this   irresistible | no  avail.    I  see  their "constituents"
"force they will sooner or later attempt I watching them with almost baled
VTO DIRECT IT IN SOME WAY SO j breath. I see a look of dlsappoint-
"THAT'lT  WILL  MISS  ITS   MARK,  ment coming over their faces, I catch
amd that mark is their beautiful wage j a murmur of disapproval.    I see the
eystem of exploitation.
•*"  The master class has never feared
'"retotm."   You can "tinker up" their
old system all you please so long as
.Ton don't disturb their skin game at
* Its Iountain head.    In fact they are
I at a  point now  where  they  rather
* welcome any attempt to make their
* rotten old regime seem less barbarous
■- and inhuman.
• 'Campaigns for municipal ownership
1 -of the "garbage plant" and such like
measures will make them smile benevolently—and wink their other eye.
The one thing that makes a cold
abiver run down their fat backs is the
demand for "Unconditional ;Surren-
ster," the mighty voice of protest
aea'mst the SYSTEM itself, the meth-
v od nt exploitation.
■Now listen:   The only  power that
master class using every possible
means to thwart the purposes of the
peoples representatives. I hear the
murmur of discontent and disapproval
growing day by day as the same old
grind continues for those who toll.
And finally I see a reaction. The "system" either subsidizes the people's
representatives or else makes them
a laughing stock to be replaced by Its
own men, tried and true to the rule
of graft. Men and women lose heart
again. But I see deeper than this. I
see the REAL REVOLUTION gaining
headway on the failure of reform, I
see a new hope come again for the
workers and a new determination to
he or not to be; I see this new movement gather its forces Into a mighty
voice of protest, I see new lines being
formed   of   the   rank   and   file   with
can  save  our  movement  from   going  REVOLUTIONARY    PRINCIPLES   at
through  a wasteful  period  of "office-  Hie bead.    I see them pass up all re-1 down on
seeking for the sake of office" is tho form, all compromise, all subterfuge, ■ Boole"
■ enlightened RANK and  FILE. | all  policy, and march straight at the
Thecr are many so-called leaders in heart of the capitalist system of ex-
the Socialist movement today who. plollation, the wage system. I heaf
"have the "offlce itch." and have it bad.i their shouts of victory, and the world
They are willing to sacrifice the great is flooded with light, my eyes are full
principles ot the revolution for the of tears, I can see no more—I am sat-
Bake of capturing something ln sight,; Isfled."
After the "Prophet" has gotten all
| that out of his hide there doesn't Beem
j to be much  use of the Ass adding
Think It over.—The Prophet and the
Ass (a Red monthly magazine editted
by G. H. Lockwood, Kalamazoo, Mich.,
50 cents a year).
That was a crime to the best Interests
of the people who sent them there.
(The Speaker here called him to order. He must not speak disrespectfully of members of the House). When
those 20 members withdrew after the
session they would leave no trace behind them but their signature in the
financial department. (The Speaker
again objected). The member for
Newcastle then took up the understanding between Brewster and himself as to the moving of resolutions.
The former had appealed to the Premier to suspend the rules for his benefit and had been refused.
He (the Speaker) thought the best
way was to give Brewster all the
rope he needed, on the principle that
he would be hung when he had finished, and so he had agreed to second
anything he needed. If the Premier
had consented to suspend the rules
in that particular he would not have
been under the necessity of doing so,
and because he did so he brought the
Premier down on his head. The Premier's manner sometimes gave the impression that he desired to throttle
all discussion or investigation, and
on the first occasion that offered had
endeavored to place him (the speaker)
in as false a position as possible, as
if he stood for Brewster's fake ideas.
In the nature of things it was necessary that what the Premier said
would reach farther than what he (the
speaker) said, and the report was
passed on that the member for Newcastle was endorsing Brewster's
views and changing his own. When
he (','cBride) did that his action was
altogether too small for the important
position lit' occupied. He (McBride)
had endeavored to read him out of the
Socialist Party, but that party was
not in the keeping of any one man,
and there were not enough men in B.
C. to read him out of it. When the
Attorney General answered criticism
he went straight for it and then dodged round it as gracefully as a lady in
a ball room, but the Premier used different methods. He built up a position
of his own as being that occupied by
his opponent and then proceeded to
demolish it. That was the process
used In endeavoring to read him (the
speaker) out of the Socialist party for
having supported Laurier. It was
needless to say that there was no
justification for that statement by the
The man who shifted his neighbors
landmarks had    many  things   called
his  head  In  the   "good   old
and their efforts to switch tho movement from its primary purpose—the
destruction of the wago system—to a
program of "patching up the wage
teynvem," will be aided and abetted
try the cunning agents of the master class itself.
Tills Ib no dream, comrades.    The
■ -master class is hard pressed right
' nt-w and knows that It must do something—and is getting busy. Not the
spirit of unrest, of dissatisfaction.
Tbe system totters, and lt must be
saved at any price—and that means
The ass is willing to capture every
> •offloe in sight. IF such capture can
I bee effected on a revolutionary pro-
l cram that ls straihtforward In its
••' statement of principles and offers Its
■ 'Immodlato demands as merely pallia-
*Ure BMaaures, and states frankly that
■«sry little can be done to relieve the
misery Ot the working class as long
.mm the "WAGE SYSTEM lasts. But
-when the  movement  BWlngs   into  a
campaign with "practical politics" as
.Ita motto and  "Immediate demands"
at the mast head, beware!—the reac-
- Uon will Inevitably come, for as long
i 13 the wage system lasts you CAN'T
Better, far better, to get 100 clean,
- iJaSB-counHclous,   Intelligent   Socialist
•rattys on an uncompromising platform
■■.at PRINCIPLES, than to sweep the rows,
I seem to see through the mists of
the present the clear, bright radiance
of the years which are yet to come.
Gone, then, are the antagonisms of
sex and of class—gone are the unmeaning conventionalities which now
cramp and hinder the free development of the human soul. In the place
of Prejudice, Justice—In the place
of Ignorance, Wisdom—ln the place
of Selfishness, unbounded Love. I see
woman co-equal with man in all that
makes for her true womanhood. I
see man co-equal with woman In all
that makes for his true manhood. I
see these twain waking hand-ln-hand
down the paths of Time, their eager
faces ever turned to see round them
troops of little children, of youths and
maidens, whose lives are one long
long song of human joy, nnd that
song, Its chorus swelling from every
nation, ls the grand future anthem of
free and emancipated woman, of noble
and regenerated man.—Herbert Bur
ns long as anything iu line with
common action with Brewster was
concerned he would take it as long as
he did not compromise himself with
the Socialist party.
The new Forest Act was in committee again at the evening session on
Monday, Feb. ID.
Parker Williams endeavored to
amend the Act ln the following
Clause 126. To amend by striking
out the words "other than a fire set
under permit under the provisions of
this Act." Under the clause at lt stood
If a fire occurred ou leech land, which
had been started with a permit, the
owner was Bolely responsible for controlling It, but, if by design or accident lt started without a permit the
government would, If certain conditions were complied with, pay half the
cost of subduclng it. His amendment
would place the person with a permit
on the same good footing as the man
who had none.
Ross refused to accept the amendment.
Williams pointed out that every Inducement was offered to start fires
without a permit, and his amendment
would make It more profitable to burn
with a permit but Ross refused to Its-
ten and the amendment was lost.
To amend Sec. 130, by restricting
the power of officials to arrest without
warrant" any person 'found" violating
the act, by inserting the words "persisting in" after the word "found."
Ross refused this also and it met the
same fate.
To amend the same clause hy including "farmers engaged ln harvesting
operations" among those liable to be
pressed Into service to fight bush fires.
The same amendment had been introduced by Williams the previous week,
and Ross had requested him to reintroduce it In altered form, as "harvesting operations" was too vague.
Williams said on this occasion that he
had been unable to Improve it. A
randier might be cr.ppled by being
taken away from getting In his crops
to protect the property of a timber
baron five miles away. As far as he
could see It would have to be left In
the hands of the fire-warden as to
what constituted "harvesting operations."
Ross said that his heart went out
to the farmer In that position, but although he had tried himself he had
been unable to draft an amendment
to suit the case. He hoped that the
administration of the Act would fall
into the hands of men of wise discretion.
Williams said that he was not too
confident that in the majority of instances the agents would be any wiser
than anybody In the House, but it the
Minister would give the assurance
that the fire-wardens appointed would
be men ot ordinary good judgment he
was willing to let it go at that. The
amendment was defeated.
Section 130, line 11—To amend the
section by striking out all the words
after the word "Are" ln the eleventh
line, and Insert ln lieu thereof the following words: "and the compensation
for such compulsory assistance shall
be not less than fifty per centum
higher than the sum determined upon
by the Lieutenant-Governor In Council as remuneration for voluntary
service In the same capacity."
This amendment refers to those who
are to be compelled to give their assistance in bush fire fighting and not
to the regular staff.
Ross refused to accept it, saying
that it must have been introduced with
an eye to the coming election, and for
newspaper reports.
Williams retorted that he was never
more serious, notwithstanding the fact
that he was trying to make the Act
less distasteful to the average man,
he was getting very little success.
Ross raised the point that the
amendment entailed an expenditure of
revenue, and was therefor out of order.
Williams said it was not a private
member had no right to introduce a
Bill entailing an expenditure of public money, but when such a Bill was
Introduced by the government a private member had power to amend It.
Ross stuck to his point and appealed
to the Chairman. Williams said that
if the President of the Council (McPhillips) would give his opinion in
favor of Ross' contention, lie would
wlthdiaw the amendment. McPhillips said that he was not prepared to
say that it was out of order. He rather
thought that it was in order. The
chairman of committee (Thatford)
then ruled the amendment in order
and Ross appealed to the Speaker,
who was called in and gave his decision in favor of the Minister.
Williams then moved to insert the
following as a new section.
"131. Any farmer or settler clearing land adjoining or contiguous to
land held as 'wild land' or as 'coal
land' under the 'Assessment Act,' or
as timber lease or licenses, shall, upon
satisfying the Government Agent, Fire
Warden, or other competent authority,
that his operation would be facilitated
thereby, obtain an order directing the
owner or lessee of any such above-
described contiguous lands to assist
the said settler controlling any fires
when set out, or, tn lieu of this, to
clear a satisfactory fire-guard around
or partly around such 'wild land,' 'coal
land,' timber license, or leasehold:
Provided that the costs of any work
ordered by this section may be apportioned by the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council."
Ross raised the same point of order
against this amendment. Williams offered to cut out the last two lines to
meet the objection. Ross replied that
the Act as it stood provided for certain classes of burning. The amendment would add another and Increase
the Import entailed.
Williams said that the Bill ignored
the necessity of using fire for land
clearing and this would be the only
section dealing with farmers clearing
land. When a settler went into the
bush he was hampered ln every direction. He could not expect to get a
permit to start a fire if the adjoining
wild land was not being cleared, and
If the owner of the wild land sold out
to one who would clear lt, the latter's
operations would be aided by the form:
er's, and he should bear Bome portion
of the cost of the operations of the
Ross refused to accept it, and the
amendment was lost.
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