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Western Clarion Apr 6, 1912

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Rome.—That Socialism is fast becoming a serious rival of the Catholic
church Is the admission practically
been made by the Vatican Itself.
The rapid spread of Socialism during the past four years has forced the
church to consider methods for pre
venting Socialism from encroaching on
its own field of influence.
The situation has really become so
serious that it has found its way into
the Catholic papers of Italy, and
"Roma," a semi-official paper of the
Vatican, goes into the subject
thoroughly. Because of its high
standing with the Vatican, the sentiments expressed by "Roma" may be
regarded as the actual sentiment at
the present time of the pope and the
church in general on the subject of
Socialism. The review of the situation
by "Roma" is in part as follows:
"Socialism is increasing steadily all
over the world; ln Germany and
France it has almost gained control of
the state; in Italy, under the new
franchise, lt will become the strongest
homogeneous party in the country; in
Austria and Hungary it is spreading
rapidly; in the United States and
England the masses of the working
classes are approaching more and
more closely to lt; in Belgium it Is
rapidly absorbing Liberalism. There
is no country, not even excepting
Turkey, which has not been affected
by it. Nor can we gauge its strength
from its forces in the various legislatures—many Socialists are indifferent
about parliaments; many hundreds of
thousands of them scattered here and
there in all countries have been unable
> to obtain legislative representation."
The steady and persistent growth of
the revolutionary movement of the
proletariat of the world is forcing the
ruling class of every country into a
state of terror at the rapid approach
of the day of reckoning, ln no country is their terror becoming more
manifest than in the United States.
Scarce an Issue of even the most commonplace capitalist sheet comes off
the press without containing some
sort of squawk or Bhrlek In evidence
of their terror. Apology mongers of
the professional type; faith fakirs 01
the sky-pilot cult; gold-brick artists of
the political pattern and the entire
job-lot of capitalist toadies lickspittles
and hangers-on, join in a vociferous
chorus of mournful wails and dire
prognostications in their paid efforts
to exorcise the terrible shape that
looms upon the horizon of capitalist
civilization and threatens to bring to
an end the long regime of ruling class
pillage, rapine and slaughter.
Well may the capitalist tyrants of
today tremble at the proBpect. Their
slaves by the million are becoming
awakened to an unedrstanding ot the
infamies so long practiced upon them,
and their power to bring the perpetration of such infamies to an end. They
are going to do so by a peaceful and
orderly process, If possible, but, ln any
event, they are going to do it, cost
what it may.
The increasing evidence of terror in
the camp of their capitalist masters
should be an inspiration to the workers and spur them on to renewed
efforts in the struggle to strip from
their limbs the shackles of wage-
bondage. Terror in the enemy's camp
is a good sign. It ls a rainbow of
Oakland, Cal., March 15.—Alarmed
at the growth of Socialist movement,
and, no doubt, spurred on by its masters—the allied employers of this city
and San Francisco, the Mott administration made the first move in a cam-
'paign to terrorize the Socialists of
Oakland into silence last Sunday evening, says the Oakland World.
Events culminated in a police attack on a peaceful meeting of the
Socialists in Hamilton Auditorium,
where the audience, who had been
quietly listening to the speaker, were
clubbed and driven from the hall and
the meeting dispersed.
For the third time indiscriminate
clubbing was resorted to. Many of the
audience inside the hall were quietly
seated and were thunderstruck when
they found the hall filled with striking
and cursing bluecoats.
The police seemd beside them
selves. Women were roughly pushed
and prodded to the doorway; men
were beaten to the floor and flung
bruised and bleeding down the stairs,
where they lay on the pavement un
conscious. County Organizer Frank
Strawn Hamilton, who was in the real
of the hall, was beaten over the head
by two policemen and, dazed and
streaming with blood, hurled to the
pavement below. Inside the hall po
licemen were striking with an aban
doned brutality. They ran men down
the aisle; they climbed over the
backs of seats after them. When men
fell under their blows, they beat and
clubbed them as they lay.
Comrade J. B. Chestnut, chairman of
the meeting, was dragged from the
platform, receiving a severe scalp
wound from a patrolman's stick. C A.
Bascom, a Berkeley Socialist was
beaten into insensibility, and flung
bodily to the sidewalk.
But the crowning infamy of all came
when a maddened patrolman attempt
ed to club Comrade H. C. Tuck, editor
of the World, who is nearly 60 years
of age and totally blind. The blows
would undoubtedly have fallen on his
head but that Comrade Mace stepped
In between and warded them off. No
attention was paid to the pleading of
his blind wife", who, clinging to him,
called pitifully to the frantic police
man not to strike her sightless bus
No excuse can possibly be offered
for this base and cowardly outrage.
Comrade Tuck's features are known to
every policeman in Oakland. He has
served a term in the city prison for
exposing the police brutalities which
ended in the death of Lizzie Wohl
gethan, and has for years been a well
known figure about the entire city.
This was the opportunity for the po
lice department, whose cruelty and in
humanity he has exposed with such
tenacious persistence.
Had not one sergeant of police,
with a little more command of his
reason and a little more political sa
gacity, prevented, there is little doubt
that the lion-hearted, blind old veteran
would have been stretched bleeding
and senseless on the floor. Sergeant
Bock, seeing the assault, ordered his
men not to touch Comrade Tuck.
It has been asserted by charlatans
that capital creates value as well as
labor—the test can easily be made.
The worshiper of capital may sweep
together in a heap his capital, he may
gather all the capital of the earth, and
after the space of a year there would
not have grown a penny more of value
from it .but indeed the worth of the
idle mass would be considerably decreased. Capital ls not merely the
child of labor; lt cannot grow and
continue without it. Capital has ln
relation to labor no rights, while labor
in relation to capital has the right of
ownership.—From "Socialism, What
It Is," by Wilhelm Liebknecht.
Propaganda   Meeting
Sunday, April 7, 8 p.m.
W. W. Lefeaux
These poor little souls are born,
amidst tears and suffering they gain
such love as they may, they learn to
feel and suffer, they struggle and cry
for food, for air, for the right to develop, and our civilization at present
has neither the courage to kill them
outright quickly, cleanly and painlessly, nor the heart and courage and ability to give them what they need. They
are overlooked and misused. They go
Bhort of food and air, they fight their
pitiful little battle for life against the
cruelest odds, and they are beaten.
Battered, emaciated, pitiful, they are
thrust out of life, borne out of our re.
gardless world, stiff little, life-soiled
sacrifices to the spirit of disorder,
against which It ls man's pre-eminent
duty to battle. There has been all the
pain in their lives—there has been the
radiated pain of their misery, there
has been the waste of their grudged
and insufficient food, and all the pain
and labor of their mothers, and all the
world is the sadder for them because
they have lived In vain.   G. WELLS.
In the Seattle election last week the
Socialists cast 24 000 out of the 54,000
votes. Last year the Socialists polled
only 4800, but no women voted at that
time, I believe. The vote in Seattle
this year ought to give plutocracy another shiver down the spine. Verily
you can already hear the tramp,
tramp, tramp of the Social-Democratic
commonwealth on the way!
Interesting Story
About Some Figures
$4.18    $5.60    $5.06    $5.60    $5.60
5.10      5.86      6.77      5.08      5.98
Ordinary figures? An account of
weekly expenditures for incidentals'?
The sums you and I spend for tobacco,
theatre tickets, drinks or carfare? The
data of a housewife who wants to
know the cost of gas, or coal, or war
ter, or Ice, or milk? No! None of
No ordinary dollars and fractions of
dollars these. These figures drip
blood—human blood—the blood of
men, women and children. They stand
for hunger and cold, for disease and
degradation, vice, lawlessness, shame!
No ordinary figures these! They
are the message of damnation blazing
across the dome of a banquet hall of
the modern Belshazzar, the scarlet letters of prostitution branded upon the
icy bosom of civilization: "Thou hast
sold out Christ!"
No ordinary story that which they
tell. That $4.18 Is history of the youth
of a sixteen-year-old girl. She worked
fifty-six hours per week. Rents high,
fuel high, food high, clothes almost
impossible! Before her eyes, lolling
on soft cushions, bedecked with jewels, protected by rich furs, rides a
daughter of Mammon, born to luxury,
who works not at all! The girl of that
$4.18, hungry, cold, hopeless, future-
less, has naught to save her body—
and she becomeB the prey of the rich
young fellow who later marries into
Mammon's "beBt" circles. Arrest her!
Pounce upon her with the police! Six
months, $200 fine, and a warning to
leave the city!
That $5.10 ls a boy without boyhood
—a lean, lank, boy, with lustreless eye,
empty heart, dwarfed soul, a child of
whom a man's work is demanded by
slave-drivers. He has worked, gone
cold and hungry, been lashed by the
fiend of profit-making for fifty-six
hours per week, that he might help
father feed the motherless children
back there in a hovel In the alley. At
fourteen years of age he Is sixty-four
years old. He steals. He throws
rocks at the officers. He hates the
law.   Bayonet the "undesirable!"
That $5.98 is a man, a full-grown
man. He has a wife and babes whom
he loves, "even aB you and I." Observe his slouching gait, his wrinkled,
leathery cheeks, his fierce, sullen eyes.
You may see the scars of fifty-six
hours of soul-killing toil, but you may
not look Into that heart and see the
raging fires, the seething hell of envy
and hunger for vengeance as well as
justice. Bread, fuel, rental, clothes,
medicine for five, for $5.98. Away
with him!    He's hopeless!
Blood, tears, suffering beyond description, shame to the lowest depths,
the ruin of children are all in these
figures, dear reader. Awful figures!
ihey cry out in terrible appeal that
you must sometime answer, though all
others be deaf. They Impeach the
virtue of our daughters in their comfortable homes. They proclaim that
the happy youth and bright prospects
of our boys are stolen from others.
They shriek across the centuries to
give the lie to our claim of progression from barbarism. They are the
foul blots upon the escutcheon of so-
called civilization from which drip vile
hypocrisy and dishonor. They brand
this age as the age of cannibalism of
the souls as well as the bodies ot helpless victims.
What are they? They are figures
taken from ten average pay envelopes
of employes of the textile mills at
Lawrence, Mass., where the great power of a great state and of a great nation stands ready to shoot and bayonet
our brothers who protest too much
against degradation and misery being
fastened upon them and their children
Ten poor, little, soiled envelopes
sent to the writer's desk. And, printed on their backs, is the superlative
sarcasm of a big bank: "Do not spend
all your income"—Society's, civilization's, favorite prescription for the
hellish wrong of lt all.—The Next
Results of the Election
Election returns show that the British Columbia House of Parliament will
consist of forty Conservatives and two
Socialists. The Socialists returned are
Parker Williams of Ladysmith and
Jack Place of Nanalmo.
The result shows very little gain on
our vote of 1909, and unless lots of
pick and shovel work is done from
now on we will not be a factor in the
next elections.
Returns for districts in which Socialists were running are as follows:
Parker Williams   (Soc),  388;   Dler
Dler (Con.), 373.    Soc. vote for 1900
was 379.
Jack     Place   (Soc),    621;    Planta
(Con.),   578;    Shephanl    (Lib.),   375
1909 vote for J. H. H„ 786.
W. W. Lefeaux (Soc), 388; Manson
(Con.), 634.   1909 vote for Cartwright,
W. Manson (Con.), 649; A. Manson
(Lib.), 432;   Montgomery  (Soc), 218;
Clayton (Ind. Con.), 83.   1909 vote for
T. Y. McKay, 163.
Hunter    (Con.),    174;    A.    Shilland
(Soc), 128.   1909 vote for W. Bennett,
McBride    (Con.),    3228;     Brewster
(Lib.), 2043;  V. Midgeley (Soc), 662;
Perry (Ind.), 620.   1909 vote for Geo.
Oliver, 691.
Highest Con., Bowser, 5077; highest
Lib., Ralph Smith, 3248; Green (Intl.),
918; J. A. Maedonald (Soc), 1272; W.
A. Pritchard, 1069; Wm. Bennett,'1160;
Jno. Reld, 1154; J. P. Lord, 1126.   1909
vote   for   E.   T.   Klngsley   (highest),
1883; M. McGregor (lowest), 1218.
Pooley (Con.), 398;  Ind. Con., I8H;
Lib., 156;  Ind. Con., 96;  Geo. Oliver
(Soc), 24.
W. R. Ross (Con.), 1112; Wm. Davidson  (Soc), 799.    1909  vote for J.
Harrington, 813.
J.   R.   Jackson   (Con.),   363;   Geo.
Heatherton (Soc), 103.   1909 vote for
G. H., 311.
McLean (Con.),   528;   Wright   (Ind.
Con.), 190; A. W. Harrod (Soc), 177.
1909 vote for J. H. M., 148.
P. Ellison (Con.), 968; Geo. Stirling
(Soc), 194.   1909 vote for J. F. G„ 188.
Campbell (Con.), 336; Taylor (Lib.),
168; G. B. Casey (Soc), 95.   1909 vote
for Casey, 160.
It is a fact known to every careful
observer of that most disgusting
attendant phenomenon of capitalism,
the social evil, that recruits for this
vile traffic are drawn largely from the
country districts. Thousands of girls
from the country are lured to the
cities by hopes of remunerative employment only to find themselves
engulfed in a perpetually overcrowded
slave market and eventually sunk in
the mires of prostitution from which
they cannot escape.
Capital has now become a veritable
scourge; a "whip of scorpions" laid
upon the backs of the workers of both
city and country. The sooner they
rise to the task of ridding themselves
of this scourge the better for the human race. To break the rule of capital
and sot free the means of production
to the use of human society as a
whole, ls no light task. It will require
the best efforts of tho working -class
and the more completely united become the farmer and the wage-slaves
with that object in view, the sooner
It will bo accomplished. And the inability of capital to refrain from driving its slaves, both rural and urban,
over the precipice of exploitation Into
the gulf of poverty, misery and starvation below, ls forcing the Issue.
A few copies of 1910 bound volumes
of Western Clarion left. $1.50 a volume.
The great unemployed army that is
rapidly growing larger in every Important city of the United States ls caus.
lng alarm, and the bloated exploiters
who revel ln fabulous dividends
annually are using every agency to
placate the victims of wrong and injustice. Among the organizations
launched to blind the vision of the
working class to brutalities of the
profit system is the "Men and Religion Forward Movement," financed
by capitalists, whose millions have
been wrung from the sweat and blood
of toiling humanity.
Ministers ot the gospel and "labor
leaders" have been secured whose
flights of oratory are intended to lift
the eyes of the hungry and impoverished victims of legalized robbery from
the material things of earth, and glue
their eyes upon the "invisible mansions in the skies," in order that
pirates of the twentieth century may
continue to reap that golden harvest
that puts the few In palaces and the
multitudes In hovels. The victims of
abject poverty and want must be made
to forget their wretchedness on earth
through the golden promises that are
held out by the tongues of hired hypocrites, who prostitute religion to Berve
mammon. They must be made to forget their rags and pangs of hunger,
by promises of harps and crowns ln
the "Kingdom Come," in order that
industrial monarchs and kings of
finance may be undisturbed in the revenues that are drawn from the veins
of labor.
"Blessed are the poor, for they BhalV
see God," is the stlmnlant that is administered to the pauper, ln order that
hope shall not die within his breast
and to quell the rebellion in his heart
against the heartless monsters whose
greed respects no right of the tolling
The "Men and Religion Movement,'
the "Militia of Christ" and "The National Civic Federation" are InBtltu
tlons that have been constructed by
the cunning ingenuity of conspirators
to halt that progressive Bplrit in the
labor movement that is slowly but
surely arousing the masses of the
people from their lethargy, to give battle to the wrongs of centuries. Capitalism is using every energy and securing every ally to uphold the hellish
system that gives costly funerals to
dogs and puts human beings ln the
potter's field.
But men and women are learning
lessons from misery and wretchedness
and cannot be fed upon the superstition of a past age. Men are beginning
to realize that an empty stomach demands something more substantial
than a reward beyond the grave. A
full larder in a comfortable home is
more conducive to righteousness and
good citizenship than promises of
eternal glory in the unknown realms
of Immortality.
Intelligence will conquer superstition and emancipate the race.—Miners
The Globe, not a Socialist news,
paper, recently printed the following:
"First one came, then ten, then
fifty, then 100, and finally 150, all
promptly and eagerly. These were Intelligent young men looking for a situation. Unfortunately there was only
one job to go around. It shows what
the pressure ls In New York
"A New York firm wished to secure
for their Chicago office the services of
a high-class man of good education,
pleasant address and previous experience In meeting business men. Their
requirements were not unuBUal, pr-
haps, but they were most particular as
to quality."
The Globe states the firm advertised
in its columns and this is what followed:
"The results were prompt and immediate. The point is that they would
have been satisfied with half a dozen
answers, pleased with a dozen, surprised at fifty, and dumfounded at 100. But
they were almost Incredulous when
the 150th applicant walked into their
office."—New York Call.
The Conservative Party, although
polling not more than one in four of
the voting strength of this province,
has been again returned to power. The
Liberal Party, dead for some time, has
been quietly burled because there is no
sense ln having two parties which
stand for the same thing. The Socialist Party weathered the storm owing
to the fact that the workers voted our
ticket in spite of all we could do or
left undone. The future of the working class party in this province depends on one word, ORGANIZATION.
(By the way, forming a Local ln a
riding is not "organizing"; it is but
the beginning.)
Every riding must be contested at
the next election. That means that
one hundred dollars must be provided
for every candidate. To do this every
riding must have its Local or Locals
take Bteps at once to collect the necessary funds, which can be deposited in
trust with the Provincial Executive, so
as to be ready for all emergencies.
Local Vancouver 69 has already made
a start towards a systematic distribution of literature, getting names on
the voters' lists, etc. If your Local
contains any "dead weights," they
must be shown that their room la
wanted by those who are prepared to
work. There must be no more child'!
play. We have the machinery here
ln Vancouver all ready and willing to
turn out millions of good pamphlet*
for distribution. 'Tis up to you to send
In your orders regularly for a supply
ot these pamphlets they are dirt
cheap. Nothing short ot an efficient
organization, with all the term em-
plies, wlll capture this slice of Canada
for the working class. Detailed information can be obtained from the Provincial Executive. Write for it. "Up,
boys, and at 'em." ORGANIZE OR
A society in which uniformed
ruffians are required to maintain any
semblance of order ls self-condemned
as one resting upon the enslavement
of labor. The conflict of interest between masters and slaves will produce
continuous turmoil and disorder.
Slaves will revolt. Masters wlll ply
the lash through the instrumentality
of their uniformed slaves. Slaves will
quarrel among themselves over their
jobs. Masters will fight with each
other over the plunder wrung from
their slaves. There will be a sort ot
continuous performance clearly demonstrating the practicability of a slave
civilization and the nicety with which
it will work out in the conservation
of human needs.
With unlimited natural resources
and the most powerful tools of wealth
production that the world ever saw,
the human race stands today unable
to feed, clothe and shelter itself. Two-
thirds of the silly animals that con.
stltute this aggregation ot folly are
practically paupers. An extremely
large percentage of them are actually
starving to death, and a lot moro ought
to do bo. A tew are clad in "purple
and fine linen" and sport a rotundity
of paunch that betokens good living.
These are the big fellows—the capitalists. Then there ls a bunch of
small-fry property owners who are between the devil of capital on the one
hand and the deep sen of wage-Blavery
and pauperism on the other. They lie
awake nights devising ways to borrow
enough to meet their obligations and
wear out their shoes during the daytime trying to collect their bills and
dodge their creditors. Getting each
day to wear a more hunted look, lt
requires no shrewd guess to determine
whether the devil eventually gets
them or they go to sea. In either case
it is equivalent to going to hell.
Socialism In Germany has just received a cheer from far.away Siberia,
where the Russian exiles hod learned
of the great German victory and managed to get out of the country their
fervent joy at the news. It was sent
without signatures.
Today more than a hundred shoo
workers are needed to make a pair of
shoes. So it is with everything. We
make everything co-operatively, therefore we should own everything cooperatively, instead of Individually.
Like the seaweed builder, we will have
to revolutionize ourselves by getting
out of the sea of capitalism into the
pure air of social cooperation.—From
"Nature Talks on Economics," by
Caroline Nelson.
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
8ATURDAY, APRIL 6,  1912.
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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SATURDAY,  APRIL  6,  1912.
Some thousands of years have elapsed since human society emerged from
that period of its growth which historians term barbarism and donned
the habiliments of Civilization. During those thousands of years remarkable strides have been made in developing and perfecting the means and
processes of wealth production. The
volume of wealth produced by the
labor of man has been multiplied many
times in consequence of the gigantic
and powerful machinery of industry
that has been developed from the
clumsy and insignificant tools used by
our barbaric and savage ancestors.
The power of production has long
since reached the point where it is
no longer possible for human society
to suffer because of a shortage of food,
clothing and shelter, provided the industrial establishments of the world
are kept going at a rate even approximating to their full capacity, and
anything like a sane system of distributing the products be maintained.
But in the face of all this marvelous
development, and the stupendous
power of production that results
therefrom, never was poverty and
wretchedness more widespread or vice,
crime and degradation more rampant.
The older civilization becomes the
more pronounced and chronic becomes
this condition of poverty, misery, vice,
crime and degradation. It is high time
that careful enquiry into this matter
was made and the reason for these
distressing conditions laid  bare.
What is this precious thing known
as civilization? It is not a difficult
question to answer once we become
acquainted with the particular characteristic that distinguishes civilization from that of the Barbaric and
Savage periods immediately preceding
It. "Under Barbarism private property
in land was yet undreamed of. Barbarians were free men. Slavery was
as yet a thing unknown. As the implements of production—primitive and
awkward hand tools of that day—were
slowly but surely Improved and perfected, they In time so increased the
productive power of the user as to
make it possible for him to produce
wealth at a more rapid rate than was
actually necessary for his own sustenance. As he was thus enauied to produce a surplus the hour for the birth
of slavery had come. The death knell
of Barbarism was struck and Civilization announced its advent upon the
stage of events.
The birth of slavery was the birth
of civilization. The terms are synonymous. While the latter sounds less
harsh than the former, the fact still
remains that the only suitable insignia to be emblazoned upon the | ^*~^|"-' ^ ~^lo."-^ ttli
escutcheon of civilization ls a slave, m^6ntly than they do wlth the So.
In chains. | clallst movement.   The militant tactics
With the shackles once upon the ti,ey i,ave t|,us far employed In com-
Blave, the title to land upon which to luting Socialism are nearly all cal-
use the slave was next asserted by the (cuI(ite<I In their very nature to quicken
master, and step by step has unfolded socialism and Increase the power of
the landscape in all countries with
a delectable assortment of gaols, penitentiaries, prisons, workhouses, bull-
pens, bastiles, almshouses, insane asylums, brothels, prostitutes, policemen
soldiers, detectives and other similar
pest-houses and vermin, until the very
nostrils of decency must be offended
no matter in which direction they
If one is inclined to doubt the alleged rottenness of modern civilization, It is but necessary to peruse the
current literature of today to have all
doubt removed. The dally papers,
though of many pages, and the magazines, no matter how voluminous, are
either busy uncovering the corruption
and rascality of the times, or are
equally busy In trying to cover lt up.
In either case we find ample proof of
Its existence. If It did not exist, it
could neither be covered nor uncov
If civilization is not slavery, how
does It come about that all Uils poverty and misery exists under Its beneficent sway? Why is it that a million
miners are moved to quit their employment in Great Britain in order to^schools.
enforce a demand for better conditions?
How is it that 25,000 textile workers In Lawrence, Mass., do likewise?
How is it tbat these textile workers
are brutally assaulted by the militiamen and police and in many cases
mercilessly beaten and clubbed?
How is it that such brutality is
meted out to men, women and children indiscriminately?
How is it that unbridled ruffianism
is turned loose in San Diego, Cal., in
the shape of policemen and other
thugs, against the workers of that
city who are insisting upon the right
of free speech in the public streets?
How is it that similar treatment was
dealt out to workingmen in this city
but a few weeks since?
Are free men compelled to lay
down their tools and refuse to work
in order to obtain conditions of employment satisfactory to them?
Are free men compelled to ask permission to express their opinions,
either in the public streets or anywhere else?
Can free men be chased off the
streets, or compelled to move on, by
every hulking ignoramus who is so
devoid of manhood as to wear a uniform?
The fact is- that all of this phenomena is attributable to slavery. Civilization is now, as it always was, cor-
nerstoned upon the enslavement of
labor. Every institution of modern
society feeds upon the product of the
enslaved working class, therefore such
Institutions always rise to the defense of that slavery, If it be attacked.
All the Institutions of modern society
government, the press, the church,
the school—are but parts and parcel of
the machinery necessary to hold the
slaves in subjection and thus insure
the perpetuation of our glorious civilization.
Glorious, indeed!
italism as certain species of birds prey
upon carrion.
But because capitalism is in its dotage there is no occasion for alarm
or dismay. On the contrary this Is
but the condition precedent to social
resurrection. Society, which is forever renewing itself in the process
of evolution, ls to be born again.
The very decay and senility of cap
italism quicken the new life that ls
springing from the outgrown old shell.
Capitalism has had Its period of
growth and activity and now that lt
has served its historic time and completed Us allotted work, It is going
into decline and dc-Hderlng in Its do
tage to the open grave which its own
diggers are now preparing for it.
Vale, Capitalism: Hail, Socialism!
Sociology is a subject very few
study. It being a science, renders it
very hard for the ordinary working
plug to understand. Also the mastet
class is wise enough to see that it is
not one of the subjects taught ln the
In  some universities   it   is
(By Eugene V. Debs)
Tho   capital   exploiters   who
spent all their lives and devoted all
their energies to money-getting don't
know much about anything else. They
know how to cheat, lie, swindle; how
taught, but only from a master class
viewpoint. Then if you fellow slaves
would like to find out what there Is in
sociology for you, you' will have to
study it for yourselves.
Some of the workers are studying
it. Yes, an ever increasing number
are, and they have found that certain
things exist which are or benefit to
you if you will only listen and think
a little for yourself. They have learn
ed that society is based on class lines;
also that mighjt is right and that the
class that has the might is the class
that rules.
There are two classes In society
viz., the master class and the slave
class. If that be true, then there
should be two moral codes; two standard works on political economy, and
two political parties. Let us now look
into the matter and see what we can
The moral code which rules society
today is written by the master class.
The legislative halls, the churches, the
schools and all the avenues of educa.
tion are controlled by that class. Some
workers acting on the knowledge obtained by studying this question have
sent Socialists to the legislative halls
to try and get slave class morals written in the statute books.
What are you doing, reader (assuming that you are in the slave class)?
Are you fighting with your class, trying to send help to those already ln
the law factories? You who do not
study this subject, and vote blindly
for one of the old parties, are the ones
who give the power to this master
class. You slaves who number 99 to
one; you who could write the moral
code of the world are going along with
the tide too lazy to think or do anything to have justice reign supreme
for the slave, for It is he who pro.
duces the wealth of the world and
does all the useful service. What
for? A mere pittance. Just enough
(when he can get work)' to reproduce
expended labor power, and when lie
cannot get work, the direst poverty
and perhaps a dirty handout from
some soup kitchen, supported by
abominable charity. And let me say
right here, it is better than you deserve. You keep voting for a system
that gives the master class a RIGHT
spectable workers. They are promised
mansions in the sky. I cannot find a
name for them myself, I hold them In
such contempt.
There are several works on political
economy, some issued by upholders of
the master class, such as Henry
George, of single tax fame, and
others. 'Also there are works by Marx
and Engels which were written with
the idea of spreading the truth. So.
ciallsts who have studied both sides
have adopted these works of Marx and
Engles, and have based their platform
on their teachings. So if you wish to
go to the fountain-head you can buy
the three volumes of Capital by Karl
Marx for $2 a volume. There are two
parties in the political Held, viz., the
master class party and the slave class
party. Apparently the masters' party
are split Into Conservatives, Liberals
and Independents, but you can bet that
when It comes to making laws that
give the masters the right to rob the
slaves, they are united.
Tho slave class Is represented by
the Socialist Party. There will be
candidates In the field from now on,
so long as the club used is the ballot.
Now you slaves, who were clubbed by
the "Cossaoks" In Vancouver, and
those of you scattered all over the
country who ought to be clubbed, get
your think tanks to work and see
which is the best to vote for, your
masters or yourselves.
Socialist- Party  Dirgctory ||
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second and fourth Monday. Secretary,
B. T. Klngsley, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St. R T. Klngsley, Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, nt 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Frank Danby, secretary,
Box 647, Calgary.
Committee: Notice—This card la inserted for the purpose of getting
TOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
deHlrous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Infarmatlon, write the
feecretury, J, D. Houston, 493 Furby
St..  Winnipeg.
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL Executive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every flrst and third
Saturday in the month, 8:00 p.m., at
headquarters, Mam Street, North Battleford. Secretary will answer any
communications regarding the movement ln this Province. L.' Budden.
Secy., Box 101, North Battleford, Sask.
Committee. Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace any,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, «nx
491. Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   OBEEsrWOOD,   B.   C,    XO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets everv Sundav evening at Miners' Unl*« Hall. Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
... , to take all you produce and give you
to corrupt politicians, bribe preachers j^ a Bma„ and ft a]so gives
and  perjure themselves,  but  that is ^  -^ RIGHT tQ ^   (md
about  the extent of their  education
and accomplishments.
Not  one  capitalist  ln  a  thousand
the delectable system of property
(capitalist) that now holds the working class of the world In chains and
has made of Industry a merciless
shambles ln which the bone, blood
and sinew of the workers is converted
into the sweet-smelling incense that
alone can mollify the nostrils of the
god, Capital.
The  history  of  civilization   Is   the
throw you on the road a tramp, a bum,
'and a vag, not flt for society to look
upon.   Are you going to stand for It?
knows what capital Is or can define If lt Bults you> g0 ahead. 1{ noti g0 t0
the term capitalist. He is a profit- a socialist that knows working class
gouger by instinct and ns such Is sharp economics and he will help you study
but not intelligent, cunning but not the situation. Socialism is growing
w'se- very fast now, because the slave class,
If capitalists as a rule were intelll-1 getting harder driven every day to
gent instead of ignorant, If they were'make a living, are beginning to think
not all  absorbed  In  their  frenzy  of j and ask questions. Then the Socialists
step in and do the rest. You know
him, I think, kind reader, that cursed
agitator, the boss told you ought to
be blown to hell with dynamite or
hung by the neck, hence the growl
which is beginning to be heard all
over the earth. That same agitator
is telling his fellows that they are being robbed of four-fifths of what they
produce. Those of us who have got
wise to the game have pledged our.
Belves to support a certain platform
the movement. Their servile courts,
their assinine kidnapers and their
bungling, disreputable J. Wesley Hills
et al, are all operating in unison to
arouse the Socialist sentiment that
is latent ln the people and hasten the
overthrow of their system.
It is only the impetus that capitalism received In the past, when the
forces  underlying  lt  were  operating
history of slavery.   Chattel slave, feu-1 to upbuild it,  that prevents it from
dal serf and wage slave have followed I collapsing and capitalist society from
ln logical sequence adown the thorny
pathway of civilization. Each has
been ruthlessly driven under the lash
and their lives coined into wealth for
the glory and aggrandizement of brutal
rulers. And the delightful game still
goes merrily on, greatly to the satisfaction of the Capitalist class and Its
army of apologists, boosters, lickspittles, dictagraphlsts, thugs, ruffians
and other Indiscriminate hangers-on,
whose moral and ethical status would
put a "white slaver" to the blush, and
alongside of whom Judas Iscariot
would appear as an honorable and
high-minded   gent   in   comparison.
Some thousands of years of civilization has not only resulted in engulfing
the earth with poverty, misery and
degradation, but it has also decorated
being swallowed up ln chaos and old
When we look abroad we cannot
but conclude that ln its present stage
capitalism has reached its dotage. Its
vital organs show all the signs of declining vigor and are ceasing gradually to function and to nourish the
capitalist organism.   ,
This is a name given to a certain
brand of boosters' optimism, manufac
tured solely in Seattle. It ls supposed
to have been the dominant factor in
the growth of Seattle from a sawmill
village to a centre of civilization.
Since 1907, the spirit has somewhat
decayed, and got into such bad repair
that a new scheme had to be concoct
ed to get rid of the gloomy feeling and
despondency prevailing everywhere.
So a number of prominent citizens
or parasites got their heads together,
and organized a huge parade, at the
head of which was a large hammer,
and after a drive around the principal
streets it was solemnly burned, as the
emblem of the knocker, amid the
cheers of a few hundred brave optimists near the fire, although the press
did mention cheering thousands, but
doubtless they were misinformed.
Then shortly following, a week of
high jinks was organized to further
invoke the return of the lost Bplrit.
Daily parades, much firing of crackers,
and banging of cowbells, was indulged
in, but of no avail.
Houses and stores continued empty;
all winter signs were displayed on
store after store, as "Forced to quit,"
"JIust sacrifice," etc. Daily holdups
and burglaries still continue as they
have continued to take place all winter. Unemployment is rampant. Only
this morning the writer watched about
a hundred poor women chase after a
mean little canvassing jor. Poor devils! And our purity squad Is busy
chasing Immoral women out of town.
What a waste of energy: manufactur
ing the prostitutes on one hand, and
electing a good man as mayor to help
stamp prostitution out by driving the
poor girls out of town.
Oh, you Seattle Spirit, you are gone
forever. The only spirit that will bi
manifested round here soon will be
the world-wide spirit of revolt, as attested by Germany's Socialist vote,
England's general strike, the hunger
revolt in Ijiwrence, and elsewhere—
all signs of a growing discontent. Here
In Seattle a class-conscious vote of
nearly 11,000 for a workingman foi
mayor, who talked the class struggle
throughout the campaign, shows the
new spirit that is permeating Seattle's
We rebels are making more rebelb
than ever before; the soapbox orators
are reaching the right class with their
message, the man and the woman In
the ditch, the basis of human society
We are teaching them to hate and despise the bourgeois teachings, and to
trust ln themselves; and despite would
be saviours within the party, the new
spirit will win out. Not the Seattle
Spirit, but the spirit of working class
No man ever created a single atom
of anything in nature; all he does ls
which can be' found in the Western > Iabor t0 make lt U9efu1'    For mil*
Clarion.   We wish to abolish this mas- UonB ot -**ears the llttIe  cell-builders
ter class, also this slave class, and
on the ruins build up a society based
on freedom and equal opportunities
for all, and make every member of society a useful one. Remember this. It
Is not the fault of the master class
that they are ln power. They are a"!
much slaves to the system as you are,
even if they wanted to abolish lt by
the ballot they have not enough votes
to do so, unless the workers help them.
I think we have hepled them enough,
and It Is high time we helped ourselves; and the only way to do that
Capitalism can no longer flnd em-jls by political action, for that Is the
ployment for the workers and as a only power we have. Talk about
consequence It can no longer fend economic power. How much have we
Itself. Its food supply ls being grad-jgot? We do not even own the right
ually cut off—by Itself. [to be out of a job.   If we are out of a
Millions there arc of workers this job we are hunted down and run In
winter who ought to be at work, pro-!for being vags.
during profit for capitalism, Its very [ The workers who are contenl with
life-blood, who are Idle, paralyzed, tbelr lot and go to church regularly
helpless, eking out an empty existence ,and do not go to those awful Socialist
somehow, preying upon decaying cap- meetings on  Sundays are called    re-
labored to store up coal and build up
forests and perfect plant lite, and
here the Rockefellers and Morgans
claim that it all belongs to them on
account of what they call their superior brains. Poor, silly Rockefeller
can't make a hair grow on his own
head, far less add anything to nature,
nor does he expend any labor power
to make anything useful.—From "Nature Talks on Economics," by Caroline
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform   and   application   blank
per  100   25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto in Ukranian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
LOCAL    FEBOTE,   8.   p.   of   C,    HOLD
eduoatlonal meetings in- the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., every Sunday evening at 7rt0. Buslnaas meeting flrst Sunday ia *ach month, Miners' Hall at 2:80. W. L. Phillips, Secretary, Box 104.
LOCAL ROBSLANt*, NO. 86, B. F. of C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:»0 p.m. te. Campbell, Secretary, P.O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets In Flnlaaders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O
Box 64, Rosslaad.
LOCAL MXCKSL, B. 0., NO. 16, B. T.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afterm-on at 2:30 p.m. in
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ts
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the flrsi'
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. in the same hall. Party
organisers take notice. A. S. Julian,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. ln Public Library Room. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 218 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     t.
, Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on th* flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Bualness meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.:
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box II,
Culeman, Alta. Visitors may recelv*
Information uny day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W. Oraham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A. '
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, A. Farmilo, 622 First St.;
Organiser,   w.   Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at S o'clock at the headquarters. 42S Eighth Ave. East, between Third and Fourth streets. F.
Tipping, Secretary.
every Sunday, Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, .second Friday, I
p.m., Trades Hall. It. Simmons, secretary. 1009 Garnet St.. P.O. Box 1046.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Hossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at I
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T, Mcllalieu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon. Man.
S. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays ln the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock,  Box  19S3
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, NelBoa, B. C. I. A. Austin,  Secretary.
S. P. of C„ meets every Sunday tn
hall In Empress Theatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    L.  H. Gorham.  Secretary.
LOOAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary
OP C.—Propaganda meetings tv.ry
Sunday, 7:30 p. in., ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. 0„ Sask.; A. Stewart, Organiser,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves w*l-
S. P. OP C— Headquarters »:8% Main
Street, Winnipeg, room 2. next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic claaa
Wednesdays, at S p. m, Secretary'*
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
In Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion  Invited.
LOCAL  OTTAWA, NO.  8,  S. P.  of C	
Business meetings the first Sunday ln
the month at 3 o'clock p.m. at headquarters. Secretary, Sam Horwlth.
Headquarters, 36 1-2 Rldeau Street.
Phone 277. Address, S22 Gladstone
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m
in the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon, B. C.
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 3, over Collis-
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday. S p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
LOCAL  VANCOUVER,   B.    C,    NO.    45,
Finnish. Meets everv second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 2237
Main Street.    Secretary, Wm. Mvntti.
Local Vanoouver, S. P. of C. No.  58—
Lettlch meets every tlrst Sunday in
the month, nt 512 Cordova St. E.
Secretary,   Ad.   Krceka. 602
LOCAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters In Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every .
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at R p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box lfiS; Harold G. Ross, organizer,
BOX 505.
LOCAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
» . . .     _   „. — ...	
for the purpose of educating the
Ukralnean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstino Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring information re tho Federation,
write to J. Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the re-
'clutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point ot production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working elass, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means' of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mitts,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.     ,
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by,
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system ia abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance'with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies  -   -   4.00 SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1*3*12.
We celebrated the "'Commune of
Paris" by a fine little meeting the
other Sunday afternoon. . Frank Martin of Toronto was down and gave us
a fine talk on "Lessons from the Commune." It Is a pity he is not more
busily engaged in propaganda work
than he is, as he ls a good, clear, and
earnest speaker, however much we
may differ from him as to the need of
Industrial organization.
The movement here continues to
have good Indoor meetings every Sunday afternoon. One worker was heard
to say the other day: "I like to pass
the afternoon away there."
Poor sucker! That's not the spirit
that is needed in the business—pass
the afternoon away, indeed! We are
not out to entertain or to amuse, but
to instruct and be instructed, that we
may he better fitted for the work of
telling our fellow.slaves the story we
have to tell. Someone once remarked
that the movement grew even in spite
of the Socialists themselves. He was
a wise guy. Here we have a brand
vUp only bloom round about election
times.* (I see you have some in B. C.
too—somebody wants to revive some
Local, and, probably, run a candidate.
I do hope he gets a whole lot of votes).
Also we have the ultra-lily-white' variety who, of course, is immaculate,
and joins no organizations, but says,
"Workers, unite!" Also the ambitious
ones—the office-seekers, and the weak,
kneed variety. It is indeed remarkable and unfortunate that a movement
that sets out to produce fighters should
hatch such a prolific bunch of quitters.
Anyway a few of us still keep pegging
away here and shall continue to do so
as long as the capitalist class grind
us into profits to feed their luxurious
desires. All other so-called Socialists
may continue to pose as per usual.
W. D.
Regular meeting held .March 20,
1912,   Comrade Tipping in the chair.
Present, Comrades Mr. and Mrs. Anderson, Tipping, Frame and secretary.
Correspondence read and dealt with
from Locals South Raven, Red Raven,
Content, Linda, Medicine Hat, Bellevue, Green Valley, Dewberry, Edmonton, Waskasoo, Markervllle and
Mound. Also from Organizer Budden,
who reported successful meetings and
a good sale of literature.
Local Calgary, due stamps and
supplies   $ 8.90
Local Raven, due stamps      2.90
Local   Red   Raven, charter  and
supplies       5.70
Ixical Linda, due stamps..........    2.70
Local Bellevue, due stamps     8.25
Local Waskasoo, due stamps....', 2.25
Local Morlcerville, due stamps.. '3.00
Local Edmonton, due stahips... .^ 5.00
Local Dewberry, due stamps and
supplies       5.00
Local Barrens, charter and supplies   	
Local Medicine'Hat, due stamps
Local Mound, Organizing fund..
Local Green  Valley,  Organizing
fund   .... •' ..,.:.
Local Calgary, Organizing fund..
• 5.00
The slaves of British Columbia have
voted for four more years of slavery.
The comrades who voted for freedom
have four years In which to put the
other slaves wise. This can best be
done by getting the Western Clarion
into their hands, and also the leaflets
now being sent to all locals.
Here are some reds undermining the
present system:
W. Atkinson, Victoria, B. C,  6
K. Johnson, Montreal, Que  5
Chas. Maedonald, Steam Mills, N. S. 4
W. Gribble, Cumberland, B. C  4
Dan McDougall, Winnipeg, Man  3
C. M. O'Brien, Organizer, Alta.  3
G. P. Warren, Victoria, B. C  3
Wm.  McQuold, Edmonton, Alta  2
A. E. Tipper, City   2
G. B. Anderson, Winnipeg, Man  2
M. Lightstone, Calgary, Alta  «
W. G. McCluskey, Calgary, Alta   2
b. A. MacLean, Calgary, Alta. ..:..  2
W. B. Mclsaae, Ymir; B. Cribb, City;
H. A. Ladd, City; Leeds, City; J. H.
Burrough, City; M. S., Vancouver island; T. Hughes, Beaver Mines, Alta.;
*■. F. Olsen, Copeville, Alta.; J. Led-
;erwood, Hydah, B. C; Mrs. W. Davidson, New Denver, B. (".; Geo. McKay, Marron Lake, B. C.i I. C. Turner,
fernie, B. C; R- Tune, Petone, New
Zealand; Australian Socialist Par,ty;
3. Kemp, Brantford,, Out.;' B. Hodge;'
Montreal, Que.; W. Reveley, New Toon to; B. O. Robinson, Toronto; W.
tees, North Vancouver.
lert Savage, Steelton, Ont 10
"Urns. Maedonald, Steam Mills, N. S..5
r. N. HInsta, Gibson's Landing 10
_ocal Nelson  20
iv. Green, Toronto 240
Total    $.70.70
To Item. Ex.  Co.,  due  stamps
and supplies    $21.00
To Calgary Local, rent      5.00
Total $26.00
Edmonton takes fourth place this
veek. Winnipeg takes fifth place. The
•est are climbing steadily on. Sub-list
[rowing steadily, and things generally
ire looking pretty healthy. Seventeen
housand leaflets disposed of this week
md material being prepared for other
Here's your position this week:
Vancouver,  B.  C  1
Victoria,   B.   C  2
palgary, Alta .'     3
Edmonton, Alta 4
Winnipeg, Man i 5
Brandon, Man  6
Toronto, Ont     7
Fernie, B. C  8
Moose Jaw, Sask 9
Montreal, Quebec  10
j>Jew Westminster, B. C  11
3umberland, B. C  12
Nelson, B. C  13
South Fort George, B. C 14
silverton, B. C IB
Ottawa, Ont 16
M. Battleford, Sask 17
Regina, Sask 18
Gllace Bay, N. S. . / 19
gouth Hill, Sask 20
i Send in for mailing list and rustle
lp the expiring subs.
The rush for political jobs has been
So great in Rock Island that a scrap
las taken place between Repub. and
progressives, resulting In one dead, one
lying, nine desperately wounded and
i score hurt.
Meeting held in headquarters, Commercial street, March 17. Comrades
present: A. McKinnon, chairman; A.
Nash, recording secretary; Brodie, M.
.Laughlin, W. M, Kinnon, Ross, and the
secretary. Minutes of previous meet
ing read, and approved of as read.
Correspondence read from Dom. Ex.
W. Watts, R. A. Fillmore (G. W. Keath,
Gusboro Co.), Local Sydney Mines and
Comrade McLeod, Amherst. On. mo
tion the secretary's action (of instructing Fillmore to proceed to Springhill
to try and organize the Local) was
endorsed by the committee. Comrade
McLaughlin reported having visited
Halifax and Springhill. The letter
read from Comrade Keath asking that
an organizer he sent down to Gusboro
Co. On motion it was left over until
the summer, when we might be able
to send an organizer into the field. On
motion the secretary was instructed to
send for the names of ten comrades
In Amherst and Springhill who are not
Headers of the Clarion and have a
three months' trial sent to them. Com
rade Chairman reported that Comrade
Ross was In the field selling and distributing literature, being supported
by Glace Bay local, and If the Executive wanted to use him in the Marl
time Provinces during the summer he
would be willing to do the work. The
secretary's financial report for February was received. On motion meeting
adjourned till the second Sunday in
April, unless a special meeting be
called before that date.
' Receipts for February.
Local St. John, 30 due stamps... $3.00
Local   Sydney  Mines,   20   due
stamps  .... i     2.00
Local Glace Bay, 40 due stamps 4.00
Local 7 half-yearly sub-cards.T.. 3.50
Local Sydney. M Ines Organlzatibii ■ 2.50
Dom. Executive, 100 due stamps. .$5.00
Postage, Jap., Feb      40
Balance for Feb.
If from a political point of view we
have not increased our representation
at the local law and regulation factory,
we have the satisfaction of knowing
that a lot of good seed has been sown,
and not all on barren ground.
That the Industrial fields of this province are ripe for systematic organization is amply proven by what has been
accomplished by the comrades at
Cumberland, assisted by Provincial Organizer Gribble.
Two months ago a Local was formed
there which now has about a hundred
active members.
Over four hundred dollars were collected for the campaign fund ln about
two weeks, and in the month of March
the whole of the constituency, extending about 175 miles north by about 100
miles from east to west, was fairly
well covered by literature, and meetings held at all the important points.
There is rather a large Conservative
ranching element in this district, and
every one on the voters' list. But the
coal miners of.Cumberland, organized
In the new Local there, wlll before
long completely overshadow them.
If I am not mistaken, this district
will make a showing in the next few
years that will be well worth following, for the comrades there are made
of the right stuff, and, starting in on
straight class conscious lines, will get
an education themselves and spread a
quantity of propaganda that cannot but
produce results.
Three of the comrades bought a
store on the main street for a headquarters for the Local, and a number
of them laid off a large number of
shifts to help In the campaign.
Academic knowledge and philosophy
are not Cumberland's strong points,
but ln the chief essential to good propaganda—work—they promise to be
second to none.
Keep an eye on Cumberland. It wlll
pay you.
It would not do any harm If some
other locals we know were to get
busy, too.
Comrade Gribble has been guaranteed at least a grub stake by these
comrades and is staying to assist in
the good work.
Their own headquarters, a good political campaign, a grub-staked organizer, and a hundred members all inside
of eight weeks is not too bad at all.
What about YOU and YOUR LOCAL? W. W. L.
A Boy Scout armed with a rifle shot
and killed a nine-year-old boy in New
York last week.
• *   »
We have been trying to tell the Liberals for the last four yearB that they
were dead. Now perhaps they will be
• *   *
Soldiers have been sent for to drive
the strikers out of Aberdeen, Wash.,
and surrounding districts. Who said
the ruling class had any brains?
• •   •
As far as can be gathered, nearly
170,000 workers are on strike in the
United   States, without  counting  tbe
miners who have just gone out.
..   ,   .    .
Moose Jaw is now the seat ot the
Saskatchewan Provincial Executive.
Send your communications to D. McMillan, South Hill P. O.. Moose Jaw,
• •   •
The late B. C. election shows conclusively that we must start right now
to organize every district. A candidate must be run in every constituency
at the next election.
• *   •
■ Every Local organizer should be a
commissioner for affidavits, thereby
being able to put men on the voters'
list. Send in your organizer's name to
Parker Williams and have him made
a commissioner.   Do it now.
• *   *
Locals who are distributing leaflets
should keep to one district for several
weeks. Cover the same ground week
after week. You will make better
headway than doing one district and
then leaving it for several weeks.
• *   *
Every local In B. C. has got to beware of the new members joining the
locals from now on.' Some of the old
Liberal politicians may get ln and
make themselves prominent. The only
way to try every member in your local
is to get them to distribute leaflets
and other work. Keep tbem at It AND
• *    *
Seventy-one    minerB    have    been
brought up dead from a mine in
Welch, West Virginia, in which an explosion took place. March 26. The
miners, who are unorganized, claim
that it could bave been avoided and
that they had warned tbe officials.
Two hundred orphans have been
made as tbe result of the explosion.
.    *    a
Winnipeg Single Taxers are trying
to show the phenomenal growth of
Vancouver and Victoria under single
tax. These cities are new compared
with Seattle and other American cities,
and anybody with any common sense
knows they must grow as their geographical position forces them to;
because they are growing does not
prove that the working class get better off. It acts just the opposite. Come
here and see.
• *   •
H. Rahlm, a prominent Hindoo who
voted and acted as scrutineer for the
Socialists ln Vancouver, has beeh arrested and the bail placed at $10,000.
He was put on the voters' list by the
Liberals last year, but a clause in the
Election Act states that Hindoos must
not vote. What queer laws we ha|e!
A British subject must not vote, but
a Russian can become a British subject, get a vote, and become a Russian again; but if the Hindoo goes
back to India he is still a British subject, but he gets no vote here.
***""~ •   •   •
Supply and demand will compel the
readjustment of the pay for agreeable
work downward and of the pay for disagreeable work upward, so that the
human energy consumed will be at
least as well compensated In one occupation as It would be ln other occupations. Nothing else is finally possible because nothing else Is right.—
From "Incentive Under Socialism," hy
Warren Atkinson.
Fellow Workers of British Columbia:—Again your masters' political
junk shop at Victoria has been dissolved and you are called upon to
elect "representatives" to the Pro-j
vincial House. It*s up to yon to do
some thinking and working, else the
Bame robber band that has clubbed;
you tn Vancouver and sundry other
places and robbed you of all that yeu
have produced over and above a bare
living when you worked will again
take the saddle and ride you for another term. If you want to be rid of
your«slavery, be up and doing, for
you must effect your own freedom,
neither Grit or Tory politicians nor
yet the gods will ever deliver you
from the slavery on the proceeds of
which both the old parties and their
masters revel in luxury.
You workers have had an opportunity for several years of testing the
relative beneficence of the two capitalist parties. A strong Tory government in British Columbia and an
equally strong Grit government ih
Alberta have existed side by side for
several years. And in what particular are you fellows who do the work
in both provinces any better off in
the one than in the other? Where is
there any difference in the two administrations. Have they not both
brutally and consistently opposed
every measure that might have been
of any slight benefit to you? Have
they not brazenly upheld the "law
and order" program of their masters,
regardless of the number of slaves'
heads they were compelled to crack
in doing so? It is easy to see even
at this distance tbat the only real
opposition existing in either of these
legislatures has been the few Socialist Party representatives who have
sat in them. You can see this if you
will, but throw off the influence that
the political party of your grandfather
still holds over you. Then why hesitate and in consideration of a bottle
of "red-eye" or a $2.00 note sell yourself Into a state of willing Blavery for
another period of years? Why not be
men? Even though you are compelled
to remain slaves for yet a few years
on account of the backwardness of
your class, you can at least kick like
hell against that slavery and thus
hasten the day of your deliverance.
Never mind the "good government"
slogan of those who would distract
you, and by side-tracking you cause
you to lose sight of the real issue at
stake in this as every other political
campaign—the question as to whether
we workers are to always remain
slaves. A good government has never
yet existed from our point of view.
For the good governments that we
read about In the papers are considered good only because they have succeeded ln preventing we slaves from
revolt and thus have safeguarded the
profits of our masters. In so far as
we slaves are concerned, no government has been or can be good.
Government came Into existence
along with and as the result of chattel
slavery. Of this there can be no
doubt. For it was not until the Inception of a system under which classes
were formed, a class to own and rule
and a class to work and be ruled, that
government was needed. And as the
FORMS of slavery have changed down
through the ages, so also have the
FORMS of government changed, until
today we have a democracy so-called,
a perfectly safe form of government
for the masters, while we slaves remain In Ignorance of our interests and
so hug the chains of our slavery. It
possesses the merit of appearing to
abolish the abuses of past systems
of government through that very democracy and thus hypnotizes a lot of
us and leaves us dreamily contemplating the beautiful theory of representative government and blaming sundry
"bad" Individuals for existing abuses.
Under the existing system you and
I are free—to starve, unless we can
find a master. If we attempt revolt
against our masters' brutal treatment
of ourselves and our families, government, that beautiful institution that Is
so eulogized by the press and pulpit.
Is called In and we are crushed. Witness Lawrence, Glace Bay, Fort William, Crows Nest, Springhill and
scores of other places where the slaves
have been cowed Into subjection by
the brutal use of machine guns, rifles,
bayonets and ball cartridge. In these
troubles we flnd every power of the
organized state on the side of our masters and prepared to commit any
atrocity that the exigencies of the
masters call for.
And you fellows can't run away
from this state of affairs, for it exists
all over the civilized world. Where-
ever you may go you flnd it necessary
to sell your labor power, your ability
to work, to someone for a living. You
must sell this to the owners of the
machines and means of production.
Every duy you sell yourselves Into
slavery and the price of that slavery
is, the world over, a bare subsistence
for the slave and his family. It matters not what sort of gocrnment Is In
power, so long as the tools and means
of production that you must gain access to are In the hands of others you
are the slaves of those owners of your
means of life. And while the capitalist class owns those tools, you are the
slaves  of  capital   whether   under  a
Liberal government as in Alberta, a
Tory as in British Columbia or a
Labor government as In Australia. All
are tools of capital, pledged to hold
you in subjection.
Do you enjoy your slavery? Do you
enjoy living on pork and beans while
your masters who do no useful work
live on the fat of the land, the very
luxuries tbat you have produced but
Cannot enjoy because of tbe existence
of that master class and its ownership
of your means of life? If so, you
know what to do—continue to vote
for McBride, Bowser, Brewster, et al.
They will see to It that you get plenty
of work while you can produce a profit for the masters. Wben "times are
dull," as at present, and you can't sell
your labor power because your masters can't make a profit out of its
use, they will see that you are kept In
a properly humble attitude and that
you starve with a spirit of meekness
by the judicious use of the cossacks
club as in Vancouver recently. How
do yon like it?
Under capitalism we are but slaves.
Our only excuse for being alive at all
is that we may be useful to a master.
We are furnished with the necessaries
of life while we work only In order
that we may be in a fit condition to
produce profit. We are furnished
with shacks in which to exist for the
same reason. And just as fast as the
installation of labor-saving machinery
stance in rye juice and other riotous
This is truly a gem of    the   flrsC
water  and   fully   worthy  the  source
from which it springs, the prostitute
press of the most slimy, cowardly aatb
ruthless master class that ever ••ma-
bered the earth.   It is unnecessary to
even deny the putrid libel.    The figures quoted are entirely wrong, and
the whole thing bears within itself tbe
ear-marks of the Annanlas club.   Jastt
read lt, you Vancouverltes who have
felt the whip of the cossacks recently, and bear ln mind that this slime
emanates from the prostitutes of the
bunch   Into  whose  hands   you   have
given  the power to club, shoot an*
enslave  yourselves  and   your   wives,
and children.    The hypocritical  cant
of this syphilitic bunch Is amusing to
those who have noted the fat round
belly of most of them  and  realized
that said appendage is the result of
freely Imbibing wines and liquors, one
bottle of which costs  more  than  the
labor-power of the average slave for
a month.   When we consider the enormous cost of the Imported liquid refreshments indulged in at such functions as the Borden banquet in Halifax,
and   the   scores   of   similar   affairs
throughout the country, it is not at
all difficult to account for the enormous sums that are spent in this way..
It Is not the schooner of beer of thes
slave that makes   the   "booze"   bill?.
is making it possible, the masters are mount so h|gh    ,t ,s the high.priced
dispensing   with   our   services   alto- 'refreshments   of   the   eminently
dispensing with our services altogether. And as soon as the masters
can dispense with our services we
may be prepared to get off the earth,
as we will no longer be useful to tbe
owners of it, and our only excuse for
existence will have vanished. There's
tbe proposition in a nutshell fellow
slave; and what are you going to do
about it?
Your slavery is caused by the cap.
italist ownership of your means of
life. Government exists but for the
perpetuation of this state of affairs.
If yon would abolish your slavery you
must get hold of the instrument that
1s all-powerful in holding you down;
you must go into politics and seize
upon the powers of the State. Then
we workers will be able to change the
title deeds on the strength of which
our masters appropriate our product,
and we will enjoy the full produce of
eur toil because we will own our
means of life and cannot be compelled
to hand over our product to a master.
Bear ln mind the brutal treatment you
and your fathers before you have received from these masters. Learn
that your interests are diametrically
opposed to those of your masters. The
writer is no philosopher, and frankly
admits that he hates this capitalist
class individually and collectively.
Nourish your hatred of these parasites
for that hatred will be but another
incentive to urge you on to do more
woik for your emancipation. Don't
try to concoct excuses for the existence of Socialism. It needs no excuse,
but it does need workers, well posted
workers, men who think it the only
thing worth a fiddler's damn. And
never mind asking questions about the
future. None of us are prophets.
When the workers get wise enough to
take hold of the State they will know
just how to go about the confiscation
of the means of production which they
want. Until then we are wasting no
time in idle surmise, but are doing
our best to show the workeis that they
are but slaves, and the reason;
respectable parasites of society, the-. ■
class that does no work but enjoys
all the good things of the earth anti-
then at the slightest Bign of discontent on our part hurries the cossacks-.
to the scene and clubs us into submission.
The sixty-fourth report of the British Commissioners on Lunacy shov
that while alcoholism iB responsible -
for about 16 per cent, of the insanity -
in Great Britain, UNEMPLOYMENT,.
on the other hand, is responsible fot-
about TWENTY PER CENT., thus.-,
giving the lie to sundry temperance-
fanatics who would have us .believe,
that tbe passage of a prohibitory law-
would at once do away with the necessity for asylums, jails, etc. One ot
the Commissioners is reported to have-
Bald that lunacy will be largely lessen...
ed directly some method Ib found ot"
increasing the general prosperity ot*
Great Britain. Alcoholism ls very-
largely due to the Intolerable conditions under which the slaves labor.
So add to the admitted TWENTY PER.
the sixteen per cent, due to alcoholism;
and we have a total of THIRTY-SIX:
TO CAPITAILSM. This, bear in
mind, is admitted by a capitalist commission. It's a hell of a fine system.
Isn't it, eh?
Scenting a general provincial election the Conservatives of Alberta have
recently drawn up a prospective platform.
We are overwhelmed with gratitude-
at their generosity to labor interests.
Their list of proposed legislation fills;
a newspaper column three feet long
by two inches wide. Among this mass,
"labor legislation" has a very prominent position at the end column and
occupies Ihe extensive tpace of two.
one-eighth   Inches   long   hy   two.
and I and
when those slaves are wise enough to j inches wide. The magnanimity of out-
revolt against slavery they will know j patrons transcends all possible con-
what to do.
ception  and  we  himbly  present  our
thanks for their beneliclent thoughts
What have we done to deserve such
SYS- gracious consideration.   It is true that
under the skillful  guidance of their
paid  managers,  engineers,  architects.
The following clipping was sent me etc., we have scrambled through the
some time ago by an unknown friend .construction of the  railroads, faetor-
and  ls  truly Interesting as showing lies, elevators, street cars, automobiles
the depths of slime to which our
friends the enemy will stoop in order
to create a prejudice against the Socialist movement. I don't know the
publication In which the slimy Bluff
waB published, as my friend did not
enlighten me on this point.
"If the working people of this country want to know why they have hard
times  every  few  years,  we can  tell
and the like, but in return have we not
received our wages and are not our
wages occasionally sufficient to buy ub
three meals a day.
We note that our friends Bay thai
labor legislation will he enacted AIM.
ING AT a higher Standard of connort
and living for the workers. We hope
that the words "aiming at" are not
used in the same sense as when a
man levels a gun at another; in other
them.    It is  not overproduction  or words that they are going to aim at
underconsumption, as  those  phraseB our three meals  a day   (sometimes)
are commonly employed. If they had
kept the $1,000,000,000 they spend
every year for strong drink, in their
pockets for the past five years of
hard times, the recent lull in manufacturing and business activity would
find many of them able to bear it
without being pinched for the necessaries of life. It Is the over-consumption of whisky that makes the underconsumption of food and clothing in
this land of liberty and liquor. The
annual bill for bread, meat, cotton
and woolen goods of this great American people foots up a total of over
$1,250,000,000. But Its annual bill for
whisky, and taxeB thereon, Is $1,400,-
000,000. In other wordB, It unnecessarily drinks $ I .ri0,000,000 worth more
than It necessarily eats and wears.
And the people who commit this folly
aro amazed lhat once In a few years
they are hard up, and some of them
want to hoist the communistic red
flag, and destroy everybody else's
.property because they have wasted
their own share of the national sub
und blow
them    Into    a    bottomless
Terre Haute, Ind. March 15.—I'll,
vate detective agencies were unanimously condemned by the Indiana coal
miners in session here, and any man
in the employ of any detective agency
will hereafter he debarred from membership in any local within the jurisdiction of the District No. 11, Uniled
Mine Workers of America. On recommendation of the committee on constitution, members of the Indiana
miners' unions were almost iiiiiini.
mously prohibited from supporting In
any way the "Hoy Scout" movement,
and from joining the National Civic
Federation, any member who violates
this provision to be Immediately expelled from the organization.
Rugby, North Dakota, Socialists have
succeeded in electing a mayor and two
aldermen to that city's government PAGE FOUR
8ATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1912.
(By T.  Edwin Smith, Late Traveling
Investigator, U. S. Bureau of
Labor, Washington, D.C.
We hear a great deal lately about
the noticoable increase in the cost of
living. All parties are seeking some
one on whom to saddle the blame and
as the small retail merchant is the
immediate agent in collecting the ad-
-litlonal cost he comes in for more
t-han his share of condemnation. We
are told that the average cost of liv
ing In Canada has gone up one-third
and the government reports show an
increase of that amount within the
last twelve years. Every man knows
that he can not buy as much with a
■dollar now as he could ten years ago
-and he immediately jumps at the conclusion that he is being treated badly.
He blames one thing or another for
this state of affairs according to his
various beliefs. For instance the tariff reformer blames it on the tariff and
lately one man has written a large
hook to prove this. The disciple of
Henry George blames it on our system
of land taxation and tells us that If
•we would adopt the Single Tax we
■would bring prices down to a reasonable level again. The ordinary reader of tho muck raking magazines believes the Trusts are to blame and
wishes to curb their power and In
that way reduce living to its old level.
The Department of Labor has recently issued a report on the whole-
isale prices in Canada that shows the
xipward tendency during the last
twenty years without, however, making any attempt to explain the phenomenon. All the reasons that have
been advanced for the great increase
miss the mark. Almost without exception the Inquirers present reasons
for the fluctuations above and below
the average price instead of for the
■general rise.
None of the agents that have been
blamed are to blame. No one ls to
blame for the great increase in the
-cost of living. It has gone up because
we have to pay more than we used
to for the things we need to live.
No man or no corporation ls to blame,
for prices are beyond human control.
Price is but a monetary expression
■of value and while prices may vary
above and below the value of an article such variation is but temporary.
Aa sure as the price of an article is
raised arbitrarily above its value it
automatically goes down below It
shortly afterwards. The value of an
article Is determined by the amount of
socially necessary labor that enters
Into its production, and the price of
that article is nothing more nor less
than the measure of that labor expressed in terms of some third commodity in common, usually gold.
Most of the civilized countries use
The gold standard. That is, they consider all commodities in terms of gold.
In Canada the unit of measurement is
.the gold dollar. This is merely a certain definite amount of gold of a definite standard of purity. We decided
several years ago to let twenty-eight
or twenty-nine grains of gold be a dollar, and we have kept that measurement ever since.
Now gold Is a commodity, that is,
It ls the product of a number of men's
labor and it has more than a local
use. The value of any commodity is
■ determined by the amount of necessary labor in its production. Therefore the value of twenty-nine grains
of gold Is the amount of labor necessary to produce lt under average con-
■ ditlons the world over. This being
the case, the value of a gold dollar ts
dependent upon the degree of development ln the gold mining and producing Industries.
All Industries have shown a great
. advance in development. A man's pro-
- ductive power today is so much greater than It was twenty years ago that
in many cases he can produce on an
average twice as much ln the same
The average production of a working man for all Canada and for all in-
- iustries has been as follows:
1881 1891 1901 1906
11215 $1278 $1535 $2018
You see by these figures that a man
can produce goods to nearly twice the
value that he could thirty years ago.
With regard to the mining industry
the same thing is noticeable. During
the same years the average production per man per year has been:
1881 1891 1901 1906
$1127 $1477 $2090 $2481
' It is hard to find out exactly the
-. amount of gold a man can produce be-
< imuse  tho  production   of  gold   Ib  bo
closely connected with the production
of other melals that tho figures overlap and lose much of their value. The
annual production of gold has almost
doubled Blnce 1895 but the number of
men has not kept pace with it. Where
• '65,000 men in 1905 could produce gold
'.to  the  value  of  nearly  $200,000,000,
about 100,000 men in 1908 could produce  more  than   $500,000,000.    These
aro not tho exact figures, but they are
In tho proper proportions. These show
that one man can now get one-third to
one-half more gold ln a year than he
could formerly.    Naturally, therefore,
the value of gold as a commodity has
gone down.
To show how this increase has been
brought about, let me cite a few specific examples that have come under
my own observation. The Bunker
Hill and Sullivan mine at Wardner,
Idaho, produces Lead, Silver and Gold.
The lead was easy of extraction, and
the silver was not difficult, but the
gold was combined so closely that it
was not profitable to extract it and
the tailings which were rich in gold
were dumped Into the river bed to
accumulate until the spring freshets
carried them away. By constant experimenting at last a method was discovered by which the gold could be
profitably taken out, too. Immediately a large mill was erected and machinery was Installed right out in the
river bed above the great heap of
tailings to put it into use. By the use
of their new mill, new machinery and
new methods this company was enabled almost to double their gold output off the same amount of ore.
There is a mine in Idaho near Moscow that is located on a mountain of
almost solid ore but so difficult is it of
separation that eight men could not
get enough to pay their own wages.
The State laboratory was experimenting pretty steadily for years, and finally a process was evolved that would
cut the cost of extraction in half. A
company was formed, machinery was
purchased and the new method was
introduced and within two months the
mine was on a paying basis. Ten men
then could get out nearly three times
as much gold in a day as the eight
could before.
Examples of this sort could be multiplied indefinitely but these will suffice to show tbat gold is not so.valu
able as it was a few years ago and
therefore twenty-nine grains of gold
will not buy as much clothing, groceries and such like as it would formerly.
Some economists place tbe blame
for the high prices ruling for most
the articles fn common use in our
homes upon the great supply of gold,
but they are wrong. The increase in
gold supply is a result merely, and
not a cause of anything. The Increase
In our supply of gold Is' the effect of
man's greater productive power instead of a cause.
All thingB used in our complex modern civilization are made for sale
rather than for use. When they are
offered for sale, a price is put on them
in terms of so much gold and the
two commodities, gold and the one
offered for sale are economically
equal. That is, there is the same
amount of human labor Hed up in the
one, sugar for Instance, as there Is ln
the gold. Both are crystallizations of
the same amount of human energy,
flesh, bones and skin. They may vary
at times but only for a time. One man
raises wheat. He pats his whole working days in to the production of that
one commodity and naturally enough
he produces a great deal more of It
than he can consume himself so he
sells it in a raw state and buys the
other things that he needs. He trades
this wheat in the world's market for
what it is worth. The farmer does
not get what the wheat Is worth but
the consumer buys lt for that. If lt
were not for the middlemen he would
get for his wheat an amount of gold
equal to the amount of the wheat in
the terms of hours of labor. It has
taken an equal length of time to grow
the wheat that it has taken to dig
and refine the gold.
For instance, cotton in the world's
markets exchanges for gold In equal
amounts with respect to labor. AH
trade is nothing but barter. One man
trades wheat for gold and then trades
tbe gold for whatever else he needs.
Gold is used as a medium because lt
ls so compact and so hard that a great
value in It can be put ln a small space
and It Is not perceptibly destroyed by
There ls a settlement of homesteaders not far from here with whom I
am acquainted. The winter evenings
are too dull to endure quietly so they
play poker to pass the time away.
When they first began this form of
dissipation they used real money and
bet their dimes and five cent pieces.
Soon they found that lt was often
hard to make change so they took to
using matches. Sometimes they were
short of cash and then they decided
that a match was to represent one
cent. In this way they could get a
lot of playing and no one would lose
very much money. At other times
they would have a lot of spare change
and then to make the game more exciting they would let each match equal
five cents. When they did this their
respective positions were exactly the
same but they would win or lose five
times as fast. In the long run, however, they would be In pretty nearly
the same position that they were in
when they started.
Gold coins are to trade what the
matches were to this poker game—
merely counters. Men can understand poker but very often they can
not see through the forms of trade.
The size of the dollar has not changed
during  the  last  fifty years,  but  its
value has. A gold coin differs from a
match in a poker game in that it has
not an arbitrary significance but has
a value definitely determined by the
amount of labor necessary to its production.
This is the true explanation of the
increased cost of living. Gold ls less
valuable than ever before and all other things are higher—wages, farm
produce and supplies. As a consequence, our money is going around the
ring faster. Wages are higher; so Is
rent, food and clothing. The farmer
gets more for his wheat and hay but
he has to pay more for his machinery
and. his harness. We all earn and
spend much faster than we used to but
in the long run we are In just about
the same relative position.
The reason why the working man
finds it harder to make both ends
meet is because he wants the benefit
of all the modern inventions. He finds
that overalls with rivets to support
the pockets will last him longer than
the old style. He learns that improved
suspenders are easier on his back
than the old strap that his father wore.
His work today requires better and
more accurate tools. He clothes his
children better than he himself was
clothed. His wife has more and better things than his mother even
dreamed of.
Many of the necessities of today
were luxuries in his father's time.
Running water is piped to his house
and he has a sewer connection. Numbers of working men use electric lights
in their houses where kerosene lamps
did their fathers.
These thingB are necessities to him.
The health authorities would not permit him to use an open well and the
outdoor privy that was sufficient for
his parents. He can not do the work
demanded by modern conditions with
the old tools.
If he could live exactly as his father
did be would find that his wage would
buy as much food and clothing as it
used to and it would be of a better
quality. ■ He does not have to work
harder today in order to earn a sack
of flour. In fact he does not have to
work as hard, but as a sack of flour
costs more dollars be thinks lt takes
more labor.
The actual cost of living today is
lower than ever before but Its money
value is greater. We have simply
speeded up our money circulation
through the people but that Is all. The
much talked of increase Is merely an
optical illusion.
They intend to take our farms from
us. Lord! how 1 raved when I found
it out. Just to think I had been in
the ranks of the Socialist party for
four or five years, studying a little in
my spare moments, too; and yet a
fellow who never read a Socialist
pamphlet or paper in his life had
found it out ahead of me.
Yes; and now, after all the books
I have tried to master dealing with
the Socialist philosophy, and yet this
fellow can tell me without a minute
wasted in studying the question, what
I never could have found out by studying.
Surely some of tbe human family
must have superhuman powers of
penetration, while others, like myself,
are deplorably dense.
The worst is not yet told, for I am
only one out of tens of thousands of
farmers who belong to tbe Socialist
party throughout the world, each of
whom must be equally blind and foolish, otherwise they would not belong
to a party that aimed to take away
their farms which they had worked so
hard to obtain.
What I had fancied, from a more or
less careful study of the work of
those who had spent their lives analyzing the present system, and from
observation on my own part, was
merely that what the average working farmer received in return for his
share ln producing food- stuffs, just
about averaged up with the wage he
had to pay his hired help.
When his machinery was all paid
for It was usually worn out and he
purchased new, and the same thing
was repeated over again indefinitely;
so all the difference there was between tbe farmer and his hired man
was the fact that the former had a
lifelong Job (how precious!) at $2.00
per day wage, to keep himself and
family on, pay doctor bills, etc., etc.,
while the hired man had a more or
lesB unsteady job with plenty of idle
days to lament over his misfortune in
not being a farmer with a steady Job
and lots of work.
What a precious piece of property!
DAY wage for working it, and board
himself! No wonder the Socialist
wants his farm.
The U. S. Government has told
that the amount of wealth produced
per day amounted to about $10.00 for
each man, woman and child that took
part in producing it, and that the
share that went to the workers was
less than $2.00 per day, the owners
of capitalist property ln the means ot
wealth production, Buch as railways,
factories, mlneB, etc., getting the rest.
Now it looked to me as though It
would be a good proposition if the
workers were to take over for their
own use this property that the capitalist now owns (seeing that they, the
workerB, produced it) and kept thlB
$10.00 worth of wealth that they each
produce In a day, among themselves.
The farmer being a worker, it appeared to me he might do well to
take a hand In this too, even though
he might have to give the rest of the
workers a share In his property,
which now pays him $2.00 per day, In
return for a share in all the capitalist
property that pays $10.00 per day.
Farming being necessary under this
new system also, and as tho farmerB
ln common with the reBt of the workers, owning all the machinery of production, would naturally use the best
farm machinery possible to produce,
and they being farmers would, If they
bo desired, stay on their farms and
farm, the necessary help required being easily obtainable, seeing that
helpers received equal value for their
labor measured by time.
Let ub see how this would work
Under this Bystem of private own
ership we have seen that the farmer
got about $2.00 per day for, say, 350
days of the year, $700.00. He had
three men during the busy season at
-,2.0*0 per day of, Bay, 60 days, $360;
$700.00 for the farmer, $360.00 for the
men,  $1060.00  for  them  all.
Under Social ownership (which is
Socialism), the farmer receiving the
full value of his labor would receive
$10.00 per day for 360 days, $3600.00,
his help getting $10.00 per day each
for three men for the same period of
60 days would receive among them
$1800.00; total for farmer and help,
Looked like a good business proposition to me. But, dear me, I would
have to give up an interest in my
"fawm, ye know," in return for an
interest in all the rest of the Pro
But this other fellow also says it
never could be managed by the workers. Well, It's managed by the workers at present In the interest of an
idle class wlio> couldn't manage a
mouse trap. So I am fool enough to
think they might make a bluff at managing it for themselves.
But they would graft? Sure they
would. Seeing that they held everything in common, and got all they
produced in common to individually
enjoy; and: unless they produced
they would get nothing, thus eliminating all possible chance of making a
profit out of anyone, they would have
to graft, and graft like thunder—in
their dreams of the past.
But you haven't told me yet just
how every detail is going to be worked out? No, I forgot So did they
who were working to make ready for
the capitalist system, while they were
yet under the feudal system; they
forgot to explain the details of capitalism, for the allrsufflclent reason
that they couldn't cross a bridge before they came to It. But they crossed it when they reached it, and so
will we.
We want something right now,
though, says the Conservative or Liberal workingman. So do I, if I can
get it. That is why I am a Socialist.
I don't want to wait till I get to heaven.
But you Socialists bave no eight-
hour planks in your platform; no
government Insurance or other such
good things to offer the workers this
election, like the old parties.
No, we haven't much In our platform for the workers, just the whole
thing, that's all.
The old parties never offered you
their crumbs in the way of eight-hour
bills until they found that you fellow
workerB were after the whole loaf—
Socialism. Then, and then only, did
they try to coax you over with an
eight-hour day for a baft They are
alive to their interests and keep on
with bigger baits until you bite, and
then they wlll land you like they
would land any other suckers, skin
you for a feast.
I ain't the man who led the way
A ridln' proud and stately;
I walked for miles in the display:
The same fatigued me greatly.
I wasn't of the choBen few.
Silk hatted and high collared;
I did jes' what they told me to—
I am: ttie man who hollered.
They told me I was needed there;
Sech doin's always has 'em—
The folks who forwards the affair
With their enthusiasm.
I never tried to make a speech.
Not bein' any scollard;
I merely jlned the general screech—
I am: die man who hollered.
I've had to meet with Borne expense
That couldn't be neglected.
My achin' head,, it feels Immense,
I'm weary and dejected.
Not one of 'em could tell my name—
Those leaders what I follered.
A patriot all unknown to fame—
I: sin: the- man who holleed.
(Isn't he a beaut?)
R. A. F.
Under- the monopoly of our industries and- the private ownership of our
natural1 resources, that "equal chance"
has Been lost which our fathers enjoyed! through the freedom to all ot
forest and farm and undeveloped Industrial opportunity. What we Social.
ists want Is collective ownership by
the people of the things which are
necessary to their collective industries
to make tbem independent of private
control. This is the only basis upon
which it ls possible to establish an
efficient administration of Industry
and equality of opportunity for the
people who are to do the work.—From
"Incentive Under Socialism," by Warren Atkinson.
There can be no question that the
avenues of personal development in
the United States are fast becoming
closed and that henceforth the American working man will have to rely
more upon his efforts as a member of
his class than upon his own personal
efforts for his individual success.
Henceforth his lot lu life becomes to
an ever increasing degree dependent
upon the conditions of otherB like himself. He cannot rise out of the work.
ing class. He Ib inevitably and
irremediably confined to Uie class to
which he belongs, and his economic
position becomes more and more determined by the economic position of
the class. Hence his whole salvation
depends upon class action.—From
"The Militant Proletariat," by Austin
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