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Western Clarion Sep 24, 1910

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 B.   U-
Vancouvcr, British Columbia, Saturday, Sept 24, 1910.
SnbKripUon Prtoe
fax Taaa
University Degrees not for 'Proletarians
"Educate, educate and educate."
That is the slogan of the working class
agitators. That must pecede all other
action. Organization must come after
education. That is, in the mass. It
is no use having people join tbe Socialist party unless they are educated.
If they were permitted to join before they understood our principles,
they would be a detriment to the
movement. They would take up the
tine ot the comrades to drag them
along. It must be seen, then, that if
the education Ib given prior to joining
the Socialist party, it helps to quicken
the work of organization.
But what do we mean by education? It is a necessary Implication
that one ls educated when they attend
a high school, grammar school or a
university. Not a bit of lt! Is education that which the teachers in capitalist schools so energetically impress
upon the minds of the children? Do
you understand that the teaching of
"Bible" hlstory(?) and the ridiculous
miracles of the various prophets (!)
in the Old and New Testaments; is
that education? None of these methods are of any Interest to the working
class.   But, why?
Principally because, as Marx and
Engels so clearly stated, that "the
ruling Ideas of any age are the Ideas
of the ruling class." If the ruling
class have interests opposed to the
v-brkers, they will try to "educate"
the wage slaves In such manner as
will retain their dominance ln society.
That is why, in spite of the slavish
Christian notions about the brotherhood of man, the Jews in England,
France, Russia and America are
taught to love "their own" country and
to antagonize their co-religionists of
other lands. It suits the capitalist
class to teach history without its economic interpretation. It suits the capitalists to foster the notions of the
Protestant Reformation. In Roman
Catholic schools there ts a totally different version given of that reformation. It pays the capitalist class to
do as they like ln "educating" the
Generally when a child goes to
school ln the morning (speaking of
good Christian England), the Lord's
prayer (which is not the Lord's
prayer) Is recited. The child is made
to believe that he is a transgressor
or that she is a sinner. "Give us this
day our dally bread" is said with gusts,
though In London the capitalist statisticians say there are 120,000 children
in school breakfastless. Did you ever
hear of such cant? Then, as If to
add insult to injury, the children will
sing ln a monotonous tone Psalm 23,
"The Lord Is my shepherd, I shall not.
want." Then comes the various portions of tbe carrlculum. In most
schools on both sides of the Atlantic, arithmetic ls the subject to which
more time Ib given than any other.
For what reason? Simply because the
capitalist system of finance demands
arithmetical juggling. In order to
secure clever control over finance, it
is necessary to have people well used
to figures. That Ib why the capitalist
class like the metric system. It is so
much easier. That ls why the metric
Bystem will soon be In vogue in Great
Britain. Already agitation grows
every year to secure its introduction
completely, On this continent both
the obsolete English system and new
methods are being taught. That Is
only because it enables the students
to eliminate waste of time in figuring. Still less time would be needed
if the English system were abolished.
Another few years and we will be
wondering what IS going to happen
to our pounds, shillings and pence.
But the capitalist class controlling
the political machinery in their Interest alone and against that of the
working class, also hold, as part of the
political administration, the function
of education. There is a board j)f
education in the capitalist government, or at least something corresponding to it. They see to it as the
nominees of the capitalist class that
their interests are the main ones considered. It in the process ot time a
great professor or educator speaks the
truth, which Ib always against the
capitalist class, he is without much
warning, retired, and put upon some
small pension.
Take the examples of Sir Ray Lan-
kaster, who said that if given a large
sum of money, medical and surgical
science could banish from our midst
many of the diseases notified and assumed to be incurable. He bad to
retire ln sensational fashion. Professor Marshall, one of the disciples
of Jevons, though much cleverer (and
goodness knows, it doesn't need much
to be as clever as Prof. Jevons), in
his "Principles of Political Economy"
pointed out that production was solved, all that was needed now was a
more equitable distribution. He went
on to say that there was sufficient
wealth produced to grant each member of society a happy existence. That
was in direct contradiction to the notions of the capitalist class. Professor Marshall "resigned." Someone
who won't be so foolish (to the idea
of the capitalists) is now Professor
of Political Economy at Cambridge
There is another man in England
who has had a good chance, but he,
too, may have to clear out if he is not
careful; that ls Professor Chapman at
Manchester University, who has now
taken up the Marxian position on the
reduction of hours, that is that lt does
not help the working class and they
have a need for greater leisure, because they become more fatigued by
the intensification of labor by machinery. Let anyone bring in a new argu:
ment against the capitalist class and
they will soon see what is done. The
master class see to lt that only such
Instruction as supports their position
in society is given in all government
schools or those places aided by the
finance of the capitalist class.
The education of the working class
is in the bitter school of experience,
in the mine, workshop, factory, on the
railroad, lumber camp and in the store.
He wonders why lt is that, though he
slaves from morn to night, he has
just sufficient to live upon. It is finally sounded and clearly expressed at
the Socialist meetings, where he is
informed of all that is necessary for
him to be an educated man. It does
not mean that because a man or a
woman have some kind of scholastic
degree that they are "educated." It
only shows that they satisfy the Inspectors who are appointed for the
reasons that the capitalist class are
satisfied that they can chloroform the
minds of the working class. The
granting of degrees is a farce. Many
men who haven't the brains of a bedbug have high sounding degrees. The
capitalist class are most 'anxious to
keep supreme control over the minds
of the working class. Even were an
administration of freaks like Seldel &
Co. elected ln Vancouver, Winnipeg or
the "Soo," were even the S. P. dominant in any town, they would have
to conform to the laws granted to lt
by charter from the legislature, they
from the Dominion and even they
from the "Imperial" government ln
The new method of education Includes now gymnastics and drill. More
important than either is technical education. Technology Ib being developed in order to fit the system with
more highly efficient wage slaves. I
have just read the annual report of
the Institution when I was educated,
and behold, that, too, says technical
education is to be .taught. The reason
for it is to make better producers.
The eftorts^of the master class can
be seen when you look at what is being done at the various schools of
technology throughout England. Many
pupils there are apprentices to large
firms of various kinds, and their fees
are being paid by those firms. Why?
They want their energies for profit-
making purposes. The master class
know It's an advantage to them to
appear to be philanthropic. It's an
advantage to them to extract a greater amount of energy ln the way of
knowledge from their employees.
They don't send boys to technical
schools for fun or for the sake of the
health of the boys; no, they send
them to make a good return for their
Technical education is being fostered by the master dags because it pays
them, and soon the majority of schools
will have some hours devoted to that
Gymnastics is a matter that has
occupied tbe minds of the capitalist
claBs, too. They have realized that
something ought to be done to put an
end to the physical deterioration of
the working class. Military drill ls
now adopted. Church ladys' brigades,
Jewish lads' brigades each instill the
military spirit in the young lads ot
our age. Now Boys' Scouts are ln
vogue. I remember seeing a number
of them looking up trees near Manchester (not in Manchester, tor tt ls
a hellish pace and no kind of botanical
life can live long, owing to the
stench); there I saw those courageous
sons of "our" empire looking up the
trees to see if there were any Germans ready to take "our" country
from us. I spoke to one of my friends
who was with me, and he said lt was
tragic. So it was. All that those
.boys had to defend' "their" country
could easily be put ln a small flower
pot.   But to resume.
Gymnastics makes the child more
agile. It makes them more subject to
discipline. Therein lies what capitalism stands for. Obey, obey, obey, and
again OBEY! It makes the children
fear their masters. It makes them
craven spirit in mind, but active ln
action. Carl Marx pointed out the
necessity of gymnastics and how the
capitalist class would "educate" the
workers along that line as he likewise did with technical education. In
Section 9 of "Machinery and Modern
Industry," he makes these two points,
though in different paragraphs, follow
one another. It is the last sentence
in paragraph 4 and the flrst in paragraph 5 of that section says Marx:
"From the factory system budded,
as Robert Owen has shown us in de
tail, the germ of the education of the
future, an education that will, in the
case of every child over a given age,
combine productive labor with instructions and gymnastics not only one
of tbe methods of adding to the efficiency of production, but as the on'te
method of producing fully developed
human beings."
Note that Marx stated this over 40
years ago, and have not events proved the truth of bis contention? It is
foolish for me to look upon Marx as
a prophet, but I must say that throughout the whole "Capital," I have tailed
to find any statement not justified ln
every way. He understood then what
the master class would have to do,
because of his remarkable knowledge
of past history and Its economic Interpretation. So with ui. Man indicated the lines upon which the education (the real education) of the working class would proceed. Degrees,
chairs ot philosophy, curacies, count
for nothing with us Socialists. We
call the man or woman educated who
is willing to stand by his or her class
for complete emancipation. That* ls
the only way. When the working class
hear that they are slaves and they are
the last class to be emancipated, they
will act in their own interests. Unless they stand out for economic and
Boclal freedom, they are but ignorant
of the true facts of history. It is up
to us to show the clear road to revolution, to point along what lines we
must be emancipated. To teach—or
illustrate, rather—that the working
class are the only factor of the population deserving our thoughts, tor us
to point out always, the supreme
necessity of striving as a class to get
hold of the political machinery, and
putting to waste those means whereby
we are oppressed. If you workers
know that that alone will help and
that the capitalist has no interest in
you except to keep you as a slave,
you are then at that point of intellect
we call educated.
'Progress of Events in the French Capital
Being fortunate enough to shake off
his harness for a few days the other
week, the writer took a short trip to
the shore of Lake Huron. In my travels I mixed up amongst all sorts and
conditions of men and some of their
opinions on things vital to the working
elass are no doubt of interest to readers of the Clarion.
In evary pV-s I tounl the farmer to
be "dead against" the labor union,
which they seem to regard as tbe root
of all evil. I asked one old moss-back
who was particularly keen ln his de
nunciation of any working class movement what was his solution ot the
labor problem He stuck his hands
deep down in his pockets, jingled a
handful of colnB so as to make a nolru
Uke a capitalist, and then delivered
himself of the following:
"Labor problem!" why, Its darned easy
to Bolve that! Look at here, young
man, Labor must be prevented from
flying at the throat of Capital" (more
jingling of the nickels). "Labor problem, indeed! Yes, sir, I'll tell you
how to solve the labor problem. If
the workingmen don't like the Job or
tbe wages, well, let them quit, and go
somewhere else and get a job that
suits them there!" Marvellous In its
simplicity, isn't it?
It is remarkable, too, how this old
granger's views coincide with those
of our Brantford "Labor Leader," who
said ("Expositor," 4-17-09), writing of
industrial conditions id this city:
"Lastly, if the city does not reach the
standard desired, there are four railways ready to take people where they
can seek fresh fields and pastures
new, and one is just as free to go as
he was to come."   So, now you know.
Another point that I noticed with
the farmers was their open hostility
towards those of the working class
who had an easier time, or who got
more money than the farmers. They
were particularly sore on the striking
conductors of the G. T. R. "Why, they
don't do anything. They don't need
to know very much. They have a fine
time traveling about, and get more
money than do most of the farmers
who own land and stock and Implements, and who have men working for
Isn't it a shame! Poor farmers!
I'm very sorry for you, you Ignorant
old mutts. Don't you know that you
are only a working man ln spite of
your "ownership" of land and implements. One of the hardest worked
and lowest paid of workingmen, too,
you are, but you have allowed yourselves to be blinded by your vanity
and pride In your "ownership" of your
farm and Implements. Cannot you
see that the only difference between
the factory slave and yourself is the
fact that he sellB his labor power
direct to the capitalist, while you put
yours Into grain, cattle, fruit and
hogs, and sell them on the market
Instead. The net result Is the same;
you both get your cost of reproduction like your horBes and sheep get.
You are simply a cog ln the great
wheel of social production, but, ostrich like, put your bead in the sand
and fancy that you are "IT."
The condition of the factory workers, too, in the smaller industrial
towns is quite interesting. The doctrine of Identity of interests of employer and worker goes unchallenged.
The leading employer Is generally
mayor of the town or else its representative in the legislature. This goes
as a matter of course.
The Influence of the supernatural-
tst ls manifest on every hand. "Be
content," says he. "Your reward will
come hereafter." And so the workers all Bubmit very meekly to the conditions which a kind Providence has
thoughtfully prepared for them. Woe
betide the man who dares to make any
protest against the existing order in
these small communities. "23" for
Now, this "skidoo" stunt gets to be
somewhat of a bore after a little time,
so that gradually our rebel conforms
to his surroundings, never says any-,
thing about the good, kind capitalists
who "find us work," never reads a
Socialist paper, goes to church regularly to hear just how content be has
For a couple of months past the
threatened strike of the railwayman
has shared the honors of conversation
In French working class circles with
tbe triumph of the aeroplane and the
Increase in the cost of living. So far
the strike has remained—threatening,
but the busy season on the railroads
has been allowed to pass, and every
week lessens the probability of a
strike. The railway workers' demands
are certainly not extravagant; they
ask for a general minimum of five
francs a day!
The government, of course, is entirely on the side of the companies,
and Is making active preparations to
use the military ln order to ensure the
running of trains. The use of the
army of tbe republic ln the case of
strikes is so common that it scarcely
provokes comment. Only a week or
so ago the engineers were used to
open vaults ln the cemetery ot Pere
Lachaise; the cemetery workers having been locked out by the employers
because the men's union had black
listed one of the firms of marble
masons. Moreover, the provoking and
brutal activity* of the police in every
strike here is a significant commentary on the value of republican institutions and radical governments.
Most of the big guns of the French
"Unified Socialist" party are at Copenhagen at the time ot writing, taking
part in the congress. So far the news
consists chiefly of mutual congratulations on parliamentary successes and
ln details of processions and musical
festivals. The preparatory commissions have been discussing various reform topics, such as votes for
women (in which connection it is to
be noted that the limited suffrage
proposition of the English Labor party
has been handsomely defeated), and
the demands of several sections of
the "International" for the formation
of new national entities.
The question of militarism has also
been discussed in part, many ot the
speakers trying to conciliate a strong
national defence with projects of disarmament or general strike in case of
war!   The result is—words!
Another commission on social legislation is dealing with unemployment
insurance. The English Labor party
are asking for government insurance
to operate through the trade unions.
Here in France the state already
subsidizes unions who pay unemployed benefit, but only on condition
that the unions submit their accounts
to the prefecture and accept the control of the government in such matters. As such would be tbe case in
any other country on the passing of
a similar reform, it is evident that Its j
value ls just something less than
Other revolutionary matters discussed by tbe commissions are the
questions of night work and co-operation. Guesde represents the minority
of the French party on the latter commission. He maintains rightly that
co-operative societies are not Socialist
but capitalist, and Insists that tbe
only value of co-operative societies to
the movement lies in the cash they
may subscribe to party funds.
The congress has Recognized the
split In the Dutch party, and has
granted a vote to the revolutionary
section which has formed ln protest
against tbe reformism of the majority. De Gean has had the number of
votes (3) at his disposition reduced
to one. On the whole the delegates
appear to have had a pleasant time,
but one sighs for a definitely international Socialist congress.
to be, and what posthumous felicity
is to be his. He wouldn't think of
joining a Socialist Local, and as for
selling literature on the market square
at a Socialist meeting, why, the very
thought fills him with horror)
Taking everything into consideration, the battle must be fought, I am
satisfied, in the larger towns, where
the propagandist ls not so conspicuous a mark for those possessing economic power.
W. D.
Agitation In France.
Throughout Europe an agitation ls
being carried on against the rise la
the cost of living. He**e ln France
the campaign has assumed glgantla
proportions. Meetings of protest are
being held and strong measures are
urged against bakers, butchers, restaurant keepers, and (ln particular)
the speculators la wheat and cattle,
who are said to be chiefly responsible.
The Union des Syndicate de la Seine
has placarded the walla of Paris with
a manifesto, and the General Confederation of Labor as a whole ls organizing protest meetings ln many tlf
trlcts. The "Unified" group In parliament have met, and have agreed ta
force the matter on the attention of
the government when the chamber reassembles in October. Meanwhile reactionary journals are suavely reminding the discontented workers ot
the futility of their protests, as shown
by the powerlessness ot either government measures or popular Insurrections to control prices In the past.
In Austria also the government la
being urged to take action in order to
minimize the unprecedented rise Ie
prices. In Germany the Partelvor
stand of the Social-Democratic party
has issued a manifesto appealing fot
a monster protest of the people
against the policy of the Agrarians,
who are there held responsible for the
"Intolerable rise in the cost of living."
Almost everywhere the speculator la
being roundly cursed or threatened—
without effect, of course.
The speculator will seek to profit
equally by a fall as by a rise la
prices. It is the nature of the beast
to batten on popular misery. But la
not the present general rise in tha
cost of living too universal and per
slstent to be the result of mere speculation? The worldwide nature of tha
phenomenon shows that the real explanation ls not in local perturbations,
but in some fundamental economic?
factor, in which ease it becomes evident that it is a futile tinkering with
effects to simply howl at the local
butcher, baker or wheat speculator.
But what is this fundamental economic factor? The Marxian can put his
finger on lt Immediately. He knows
that commerce is at bottom an exchange of equivalent values (popular
prejudices to the contrary notwithstanding) and that profit is really
made in the factory by the exploitation
ot the workers. Commodities exchange on the basis of the amount of
social labor embodied in them, consequently the general rise in prices must
be explained by a change In the relations of commodities to each other in
respect to the amounts of necessary
labor embodied In them. And what
are prices? For our present purpose,
disregarding temporary market fluctuations, prices may be stated as the
expression in mouey (gold) of tho
values of commodities. Gold, owing to
Its convenience, happens to be the
money, gold is subject to the same
laws us other commodities. If tha
labor required to produce it decreases,
it is worth less, i.e., it will buy less
of other commodities whose labor-cost.
of production has not changed. And
this is what has happened. Year after year the production of gold has
increased. Each year for years past
the output of gold on the South
African Rand has beaten previous
records, only slightly checked during
tbe South African war. The new
stamping machinery, tbe development
of the sulpbocyanlde process, and improved organization, have lessened
tbe amount of labor required to produce an ounce of refined gold, aud
have enabled inferior quartz to be
profitably worked. Consequently, as
this mass of gold percolates through
society lt gradually establishes new
value relations with other commodities. Those goods whose labor-cost of
production has not decreased in the
same proportion as gold Buffer a proportionate rise ln price; more gold ls
required to buy them. And this ts
particularly the case with meat and
most necessaries of life In the production of which machinery and labor-
(Contlnued on Page 3) 9wo
a Va *,"'■' <5z
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its opponents, that embodies the spirit
of compromise in its very declaration
of principles, Instead of teaching revolt to the wage-workers, must inevitably find itself submerged in the
Btronger party to the compromise.
What the I. L. P. is to the Liberal
Party, the Socialist Party of America
is to the Insurgent movement; both
have become the mere shadows of
parties that, so far from fearing them,
have shown themselves to be "more
Socialist than Socialism."
From all of which we must learn to
be more unbending than ever, In our
attitude toward all that even hints at
a retention of Capitalism. Our message
must be clear and to the point. If it
bear any taint of resemblance to that
conveyed by other, and stronger,
parties than we, why should the work,
er accept lt? He Is there to be shown,
and all we have to show him is his
own strength.
Watch the label on your pa
per. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
•ATURDAY, 8EPTEMBER 24th, 1910
When T. Roosevelt, the African
model for a moving picture company,
delivered himself some time ago, of a
tempestuous treatise upon Socialism,
a tremendous roar of protest and de-
aial went up from the Socialist Party
•f America. Teddy was vehemently
denounced as an ignoramus, a false-
4er and a defamer of character. Since
that time something, or somebody has
undergone a great change, for the
Creat American Advertiser is now
Seing hailed by "Socialists" leaders
across the line r as trembling on the
Terge of conversion to the very doctrine at which he barked so ferociously. Berger is reported to have said in
an interview. - - - "I believe, however, that he Is drifting our way and
that before a great while he will open.
ly advocate a modified form of Socialism." A despatch from Chicago says
that "Local Socialist leaders believe
that when Eugene V. Debs, former Socialist candidate for president, and
Mayor Seidel, of Milwaukee, arrive
lere to aid in the opening of the Socialist campaign they will take Col-
imel Roosevelt's Syracuse speech and
hold it, up as the very primer of Socialism, in an effort to show that the
-former president is literally 'stealing
abeir thunder!'" Also that "Roose
Tett's definition of his 'new nationalism' that the new nationalism means
nothing but 'an application of old and
fundamental moralities to new conditions,' Is but Socialism pure and
In whom has the change taken
jrface? Evidently not in Theodore, for
we still find him the great master of
the art of declamation as of yore, except that perhaps his jungle experiences have taught him more effective
Methods of roaring. It is more likely
that our "Socialist" friends have discovered the painful fact which we
have often been maligned for pointing
out, that the manner of their Social-
ism differed but slightly from the bom-
feast of any party which Bought to
lead the working claas into a political
Some of the measures advocated by
Mr. Roosevelt, and endorsed by the
insurgents are "graduated Income
snd inheritance taxes, the reform of
our financial system, such conservation of our natural resources as tends
to healthy development, comprehensive workmen's compensation acts regulation ot child labor and the work
•at women, direct primaries, publicity
et election expenses, and provision for
She removal of unfaithful or incompetent public servants."
What "evolutionary" party could object to such a splendid collection of
Immediate demands? It reads very
much like the minutes of the International Socialist Congress.
"Steal their thunder?" Not the Col-
enel; he Is simply showing the "something nowB" that when it comes to
thundering, their efforts to produce
that phenomenon are, alongside of Republican Insurgency, as the splutter ot
a damp match to the battle of the
Sea of Japan.
Any party that does not fearlessly
atate its object to be the possession by
She working clasB of what is now
Capitalist property, and does not insistently endeavor to educate and organize the workers for that purpose, is
no Socialist party. Hurling invectives
st "wealthy crooks" and Insisting on
"honesty In high places" only displays
a weak attempt to Imitate our masters
in. the game of politics, a game in
which they are adept from long experience.
No healthy animal could be talked
oat of abandoning prey which was
within its reach, nor ls there any argu
merit which would avail to balk the
-fesires of a working class, once arous.
•d and enlightened. Any body, however, that seeks to hide the reason for
Ss existence In an effort to conciliate
After hovering in the air for some
time, Mr. Scullin, the professional dove
of the "Industrial Peace Association "
lit on the platform in Vancouver last
Monday. It was a very fine meeting.
A department store keeper was chairman and Judge Grant opened the meeting by explaining that he (as usual)
had not come prepared to speak.
Other capitalists also, either made
speeches as much to the point as the
judge's, or else lent weight to the
meeting by their presence and generously charged no interest. A wage-
slave also unburdened himself while
every one wondered how he came to
be there. The Rev. Dr. Fraser, as
the representative of the "Prince of
Peace," was on hand and remarked
that he had come expecting to hear
some good speeches, in a tone that implied some disappointment. The consensus of opinion seemed to be that
industrial strife was all to the bad. To
all appearances none of the participants seemed to be so much concerned about themselves as they were for
the innocent bystanders. What worried them chiefly was the terrible
hardships inflicted by strikes, etc.,
upon the "middle class," and upon
non-combatants generally. The wage-
slave was almost in tears over the
impending coal strike in Wales as it
threatened to deprive "our" warships
of coal.
Oh, we nearly forgot that the Dove
outlined the airds and objects of his
Association, which appeared to be in
the direction of impressing upon capital and Labor the folly of industrial
warfare and the necessity for adjusting their differences in a peaceable
manner. He urged that Vancouver
should not be behind other cities in
this and should have a branch of the
Association and that funds should be
raised for this noble purpose. (No, he
didn't state what salary he would expect).
Up to this point things had gone
smoothly considering, but in a lull ln
the proceedings somebody called for
Fitz. Fitz got the platform and the
spirit of Peace took to the woods,
while he proceeded to hand out the
doctrine of the only real peace society
in town, the S. P. of C.
Yes, it was a very successful meeting and it was decided to make Industrial meetings a regular institution
and a committee was elected for the
purpose, which committee turned out
to consist of elements so harmonious
as to augur well for industrial peace
in Vancouver, being one capitalist, one
S. P. of C. man, one S. L. P. man, and
one I. W. W. man. As Yorkie interjected during the proceedings "Let
us all stand up and sing "Peace, perfect  peace."
Editor World.—Since leaving my
native home In the North-East coast of
England I have travelled through your
wonderful country and am now in San
Francisco, but as a true Britisher I
took particular note of the country on
my trip through Canada, with Its natural resources and all sorts of minerals. As I am famllar with coal conditions in England and Wales, naturally
I took a pride in inquiring Into the
coal conditions in the various cities
which I passed through in Canada,
and since my arrival here I understand that the most of the coal which
is used in San Francisco markets
comes from British Columbia. This
I am very proud of as a Britisher, but
when I was ln Vancouver I was told
there that the sale price of coal was
about $7.50 to $8.50, while the same
coal in San Francisco sold as low as
$8 and in some Instance $7.50 per ton.
This ls for screened coal; and on following up my inquiry I found that the
loss on these screenings was 50c per
ton. In prosecuting further inquiries
I understand that it costs in handling
Vancouver coal from the mines to San
Francisco about $3:50 per ton, which
ls arrived at as follows:
Freight,  per  ton $1.50
Duty    45
State  Tolls    05
Loss on Screenings 50
Expense ln San Francisco ot handling coal   1.00
A total of, per ton  3.50
What occurs to me is that the Brit
ish Columbia people are paying more
for their coal than they should, and
as it appears to me are not getting
fair treatment.
The only explanation that I can see
in regard to this state of affairs ls
that the coal trust in San Francisco,
who handle all the British Columbia
coal, is a foreign company, and the
shareholders, for the most part, I understand, are citizens of the United
States; therefore they have no interest in common with our home people,
and the company would appear to have
but one aim—and that ls reaching out
for the almighty dollar.
What surprises me most ls the fact
that the British Columbia parliament
or the Dominion government has not
"wakened up" to what would be considered a most unsatisfactory state of
affairs in Britain. Only a few years
ago the British government enacted
a law establishing an export tax on all
coal exported to foreign countries.
This tax has a double object In view;
first of all it was intended to prevent
so much of the very best coal which
England and Wales produces being exported, and the other was that the
prices within England and Wales
should be a little lower than the foreign people were able to get the very
best of coal.
You will pardon me for enforcing my
observations in your columns, but I
am strongly of the opinion that the
British Columbia people are not aware
ot how they are being treated in this
coal question, particularly when their
coal ls being sold about one thousand
miles away from them in a foreign
market and at a lower price than they
themselves have to pay. It seems to
me a most absurd state of affairs. It
is just possible that the British Columbia people are so much taken up
with the prosperity which I was happy
to notice during my sojourn in British Columbia, that they are not aware
of what ls going on in the coal situation. You will understand that my
only object in placing these facts before you, is to show that the so-called
coal trust in San Francisco measures
out a different treatment to their buyers in San Francisco from what they
do in British Columbia. Seeing that
the lattor have to pay quite as much,
if not more, than the people of San
Francisco, it occurs to me that the export tax Is the only way to deal with
such an unsatisfactory state of affairs.
*    *    *
The above is bo rich all the way
through that we have no excuse to
offer for its publication in full. The
idea of any one in this day and generation being proud of being a "true
Britisher" would be almost unbelievable were it not sufficiently absurd to
be highly probable. Proud of being a
member of a race whose whole history ls one of murder, nd rapine,
robbery with violence and by
stealth, a nation of hucksters and
slaves! Of course we are no worse
than any other civilized people but
that Is nothing to rush into print
This doughty traveller's explanation
of the peculiar phenomena ln coal
prices which he mentions ts quite on
a par with and equally as reasonable
as his patriotism. Of course "citizens
of the United States," being also patriotic, would naturally sell coal cheaper to their compatriots and make the
base Canadians pay the piper. Now
that Mackenzie & Mann, "true Britishers," have corralled the coal fields we
may expect the price of coal to go up
In Frisco and down in Vancouver
"Reaching out for the almighty dollar'
is of course never the aim of true Brit
lshers. What astonishes ub, however,
is that lt was necessary to put an export tax on coal ln Great Britain. Ib
it possible that the shareholders ln
those collieries were also citizens of
the United States or other such like
The remedy he proposes for this
lamentable extortion which is being
practiced upon our unfortunate con
Humors Ib so simple that it is curious
it lias never been thought of before.
It is unfortunate our traveler had not
blown along a little sooner, when Colliery-owner Dunsmulr was lieutenant-
governor of this Province. It is certain he would have had the matter attended to as soon as it was called to
his attention even if he lost money by
it. Being a true Britisher he was
quite above "reaching out for the al
mighty dollar."
Showing that Reforms do not Reform.
We hear a great deal of talk about
advocating reforms and bettering our
conditions by the "step at a time"
method, which method, by placing it
under a little unprejudiced scrutiny
can be clearly made out to be found
wanting, in-so-far as the workers are
concerned, in every shape and form.
We wlll grant that some of the advocates of reforms are sincere in their
efforts to gain an amelioration of the
wage slave's present condition, but it
is, at the same time, apparent to all
us "imposslbilfsts" that these "humanitarians," "reformers," "Christian Socialists," etc., have never bothered to
look Into the wage-slaves' present position In society.    Is it not plain that
a slave's portion of the world's goods
is his cost of production, namely
enough stall and fodder to keep him
and propagate his kind, and that just
so long as his labor power continues
in condition to create more wealth
to hold Its commodity nature, the position of the peddlers of this labor power must remain the same?
'The best illustration that can be
given to show the fallacy of reforms
is for us to take a look at the countries where reforms have been advocated, tested and tried, then we can
see beyond doubt tbat it is impossible
for any reforms to make for any good
for the workers. Now this being so,
It is apparent there must be some
reason. Tbe reason is this, that reforms deal solely with effects, leaving the cause intact.
Before proceeding further it might be
as well for us to investigate right here
what we mean when we use the term
'cause and effect," which we will do
by making a few illustrations. L would
like to ask our reformist friends what
action they would take when attacked
by toothache? Do they go after the
ache which is the effect or do they go
to the seat of trouble namely, the
tooth, which is the cause of the ache?
I think the latter, but we will let them
decide and pass on to another very
striking illustration. I once stayed at
a cheap boarding house, being In reduced financial straits (which is quite
a usual thing for us slaves). I was
shown to the bedroom and feeling
tired (another usual thing for slaves),
soon availed myself of the opportunity to sleep and gain the needed
strength for the following day's work.
After being in the land of dreams for
a short period I was awakened by a
troop of bed bugs who were evidently
admiring the taste of my flesh. Now,
having long finger nails I proceeded
at once to scratch the bitten portions,
and, not having intelligence enough
to know that I was dealing with the
effect of the bite, suffered quite a few
more bites until I was struck with the
Idea of going after the cause, the said
cause being eliminated by the ushering in of a bloody revolution (taking
the sheets for proof), a peaceful one
being impossible.
Now while this might be lowering to
our reformist friends to have to compare their great reforms with bed
bugs, there is, nevertheless, a good
moral to be drawn from the above
Illustrations, and that is to remove the
effects you must abolish the cause.
Tinkering with effects leaves the
cause intact, hence the inability of any
reform to benefit the working class to
any appreciable extent. Had I compromised with the bugs and continued
scratching myself, is it not apparent
that I should have been bolstering up
their system by making my flesh softer and juicier for them to bite at? Is
it not also apparent that by attempting to reform the present capitalist
system we are merely helping the capitalist class to run it, leaving ourselves
with the only thing possible after all
our attempts at reformation, and tbat
is a precarious existence.
Let us analyze one of the main reforms put forward and see where we
stand. We will take the eight hour
day. The only justification for this
reform ls that it might possibly be the
means of curtailing the productivity
of the workers for a short period.
Even the curtailing would depend upon what extent the capitalist class
were prepared to combat the shortening of the working day by the Initiation of the speeding-up process. It is
only logical to suppose that new ways
and devices would be inaugurated to
compel the workers to produce as
much ln eight hours, as previously In
ten. So that all we would have to
choose from in this great reform was
whether we would go home at nights
tired out by working ten hours slowly
or eight hours fast. This is certainly
a worthy condition for our reformers to fight for.
It ls also a common thing to hear
our sympathizers prate about the idea
that a shorter working day would
allow the workers to study their own
Interests and give them more time to
read our literature. This I must deny,
my answer being that they underate
the ability of the Capitalist class ln
their role of mind attractors. For the
perpetuation of this system compels
the ruling class to inculcate into the
minds of their slaves, that which ls of
no concern to the workers at all. Evidence bearing this out can be had by
noting the happenings talcing place
in different countries. Taking for example the present ruling clasB of
America, we find that they financed
the movement which had for Its object the sending of Roosevelt around
among the crowned heads of Europe,
with a view to promoting that "great
man" feeling and hero worship among
the workers. Again, in England, will
take place a coronation, which will
tend to revive patriotism and loyalty
to an ordinary human   being   whose
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under this
head. $1.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.
DomBiOB bxboutitb committee
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1688, Vancouver. B.  C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, Meets every alternate
Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1888 Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday ln
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province. 1''. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
tive Committee. Meets tlrst and third
Tuesdays ln the month at 12 1-2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring Information about the movement in Manitoba, or who wishes to
join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebblngs,
Sec, 316 Good St., Winnipeg.
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491, Olace Bay, N. S-
LOOAL   VAKOOUTBB,   B. O.,  BO.  1-
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 161 Hastings St. w.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
Propaganda and business meetings at
8 p. m. every Sunday evening ln the
, Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are Invited to attend. B. F. dayman, Secretary.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
i p.m. in headquarters on First Ave.
J. H. Burrougb, Box 31, Ladysmlth,
B, C.
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. In McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts.
looal solium, bo. as, s. r. ot c,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland' Finnish Branch
meets ln Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
765 Rossland.
every  Friday
8  p
Millers' HaU,
Nelson, £
, (1
tin, Secy.
ot C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Reading Room. Labor Hall, T,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Maedonald,  Organizer,  Box   647. '
P. of ti, meets every flrst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall,
J. OUphant, Secretary.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 161
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Wm.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     BO.     9,
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome to call. H. J.
Smith, Seey.
LETTISH—Meets every second and
last Sunday ln the month, 2 p. m.
E. J. Weinberg, 40 Ave., South Hill.
J. Schogart, Secretary, Box 1616,
Vancouver,   B.  C.
P. of C. Hearquarters 622 First St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Reading Room ls open to the public free, from 10 u.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
E23 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Orand Theatre. R.
Tliomus, Secretary.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.   8,   S.   T.   of  O.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clook sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box S26.
LOOAL   FEBNtE,   S.   P.   of   O.   HOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle, every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business
meeting first Sunday In each month,
same place ut 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
meets every Sunday In Miners' Union
Hull at 7:30 p. m. Business meetings,
1st and 3rd Sundays of each month.
George Heatherton, Organizer; R. J.
Campbell, Secretury, Box 124.
LOOAL VBBBON, B. C, 38, 8. T. ot C,
meets every second and last Friday In
each month. Chas. Chaney, Sec, Box
127  Vernon,  B.  C.
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hall In Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. in.   L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
we BDlIci-. the business of manuiacturers,
Bnrin-tent and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Expel ts. Preliminaryadvice free. Charges
modeiati. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marlon, New York Wfc Bldg,
Youtrcal: «nd Washington, D.C-, U.6-A.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C-, VO. 16, 8. P. OT
C., meets every Sunday In Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are invited to call. V. Frodsham. Secretary.
LOCAL 1U1A, B. O., NO. 34, 8. P. of C,
Meets flrst Sunday In every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Rosoman,   Recording   Secretary.
S. P. of C.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sunday in the month, at 4 p.m. In
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas.
Peacock, Box 1983.
quarters, Kerr's HaU, 120 1-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite Roblin Hotel. Business meeting every Moiidpy evening at
3p m. Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.
Secretary, J. W. Hilling, 270 Young
OP C. Business meetings 2nd and
4th Wednesdays in the month, at
the Labor Temple, Church St. Outdoor propaganda meetings, Saturday,
S p.m., City Hall; Sunday afternoon,
3 p.m., at University and Queen St.;
Sunday night, 8 p.m., at Shuter and
Yonge St. Speakers' Class every
Thursday, 8 p.m., at Headquarters,
79 Church St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOCAL   COBALT,   Xo.   9,   8.   P.   of   O.
Propaganda and business -meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
M.   J.    Gorman,    Box    446,    Financial
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   XO.   8.   8.   P.   of  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday In
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Robert-
Allan Hall, 78 Rideau St. The usual
weekly Inside propaganda meetings
discontinued during summer months.
Jjhn Lyon.s Secretary, 43 Centre St.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretory, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, offlce In D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
^f-ST   IN B.C. fK^B!J
nom de plume, is King George. This
will have a tendency to make the
wage slaves jubilant, thereby forgetting their own misery and degradation.
The present ruling class by turning
back the pages of history, can get a
pointer from the methods adopted by
the Roman ruling class, the Romans
being quick to notice any sign of discontentment among their slaves,
would attempt to dispel the same by
the formation of a gigantic carnival
and feast in which their slaves would
take part. A somewhat similar affair
is taking place ln Spain, the only difference being that it takes tbe form
ot a bull-fight, needless to say lt bas
the same effect upon the workers in
making them forget their own interests.
All this goes to prove that the present dominant class must keep complete control of their slaves' minds,
so that they can continue in their ownership of the means of life. It also
implies to us "imposslblliists" the
fact that the shortening of the working day will not aid us to any appreciable extent with our propaganda.
The Socialist Party of Canada stands
alone for Socialism, a complete change
In the ownership of the things necessary for us to create the necessities
of life: i.e. the mines, factories, railroads, etc. The effect of the Capitalist system upon the workers must be
the problem as we know it—misery
and want for the worker, abundant
wealth for the idler. We can lay
claim to being the only party in Canada which makes the achievement of
the Cooperative Commonwealth Its
immediate as well as ItB ultimate object. If It is possible for any alteration for the benefit of the workers to
take place under the capitalist system,
we are convinced it can only be as the
result of the fear of worse to come,
impelling the Capitalist class to make
the alteration. Therefore we say the
easiest way to produce that fear would
be to concentrate all our efforts on the
attainment of the whole hog. If ln
agreement with this, your place ls ln
the ranks of the Socialist Party of
Canada, fighting to remove your own
fetters, it on the contrary you think
otherwise, your place is at your master's heels, vote him into power at the
next election, and then take lyour
medicine without complaining.
Brantford. w
A. W. B.
The receipt of a copy of this paper
is an invitation to subscribe.
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday Sept. 25th.
Tb1' Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.    '•
Meeting held Sept. 4th. Comrades
Present—Chapman, McKinnon (chairman), Sutherland, Brodie and the Sec
i, retary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
f\and adopted.
Correspondence dealt with from Lo-
[cals Moncton, St. John, Fredericton.
Organizer Fillmore was present and
his Cape Breton tour arranged. Organizer Fillmore was heard re appealing tor funds for election purposes in
Cumberland Co., on motion the matter
was laid over till next meeting of the
executive committee for further dis-
[Local Halifax, due stamps $ 2.00
jLocal Fredericton, due stamps..   2,40
■Local St. John, due stamps    2.00
ftjocal Olace Bay, due stamps...   4.00
Total 110.40
Since last report I have had meet-
BjngB at Frank, Coleman (2), Blalr-
aore, Corbln, Michel, Fernle, Coal
PJCreek and Moyie. Literature sales
Jiave been good, O'Brien's speech in
Ithe House showing' UT> as the most
■popular. My meeting in Blairmore
|waB in the open air.and most of the
grown was there. The Michel crowd on
"Labor Day' was good and the boys
•there are doing good work, Fernie
[comrades are a little lazy and are not
[doing as much propaganda as they
[ought. In Moyie the local is live and
[contains good stuff, though their num-
(bers have been weakened by a re-
icent lay off in the mines there. At
J Corbln, a new camp on the Crow, I
Wtiad one of the best meetings up to
[date. The foreign comrades there
, helped me out by advertising the
) meeting, and one of them also spoke
l lor about ten minutes. Take it all
I round, the movement ln the Crow's
I Nest is alive and growing as fast as is
'healthy for a party that stands for
i straight revolution.
Things have been moving In Bran-
' don lately.   We have now a permanent headquarters, with reading room
always open.   "We have doubled pur
membership    this    summer,  and  we
have an economic class in full swing.
Last month our receipts for literature
L sales    and  contributions    were  over
'sixty dollars.     Not too   bad for this
small city.   Of course this may all be
a spasm, but we will try to keep the
spasm up.
Last week we had Comrade Gribble
to assist us and we enjoyed his visit
i fine.   In spite of the Arctic weather,
snow, rain and frost, several meetings
were held.   On  Sunday the 4th we had
two  fine   meetings   outside  and  fln-
i ished up with a good one in the headquarters.   Monday being regular busi-
' ness meeting we held no propaganda
, meeting  but    Comrade    Gribble  addressed the local and gave the members some valuable pointers.
Tuesday    night    it rained to beat
heaven, so we had an indoor meeting
and a fine   scientific    address from
i Comrade Gribble.
Wednesday night Comrade Gribble
was allowed 15 minutes at the Bricklayers' Union and he spoke for one
hour and a quarter.
Thursday night was our regular
economic class, "Value, Price and
Profit" the textbook. Comrade Gribble put us through the mill on it.
Friday we had an indoor meeting,
Saturday a street meeting. At this
meeting Comrade Gribble got our
courage up to the pitch necessary to
sing the "Red Flag" on the street,
previous to this we had confined our
singing to indoor meetings.
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday
Comrade Gribble held noon hour meetings in the C. P. R. shops, jarring
looBe quite a few of the C. P. R. profit
Sunday the 11th we had two outdoor meetings (sang at both) and one
indoors, thus closing Comrade Gribble's vli't.
' Considering the bad weather, we
had good crowds (Sundays about 500)
and we made good literature sales,
about $5.00 each Sunday. The clerk
of the weather ls evidently an antl-So.
clalist as the weather was exceeding
ly bum during Comrade Gribble's
visit, but since his departure it has
turned fine and warm.
Comrade Gribble has departed further west, but he has left some inspiration with the rebels here, though
small as yet, we are true red and determined we will do something yet,
Dear Comrade Editor—
Baritz left here yesterday and although his visit was not sufficiently
long to enable some of the people to
hear him, he has at least succeeded
ln rousing "Local Steelton." He gave
us a good talk on Saturday night on
the main street of Sault Ste. Marie,
for the workers to hope tor anything
better unless they get down to business and do something for themselves.
Sunday afternoon was spent at the
Finnish Local headquarters, where, ln
the presence of the ex-mayor of Steelton, Bartiz showed up the utter futility of any kind of reform movement.
Although confined to his bed on Monday night he managed to give us some
good points for the studying of Economics.
As a Scientific Socialist Moses is
evidently second to none. As an organizer his work might be marred by
his impatience. He is a proper war
horse. Like a restive steed he scents
the battle from afar and wants to be
in the thick of the fight. At best,
though, an organizer can but prepare
the soil, it is up to us to sow the seed
and rest assured we will do our beBt.
Your for the revolution,
Secretary Local Steelton.
Thursday the 8th, we Held a meeting
in Glace Bay and Saturday night we
walked to Morrin and got a crowd of
about 75 into a hall. Comrade McKinnon and the writer spoke, and the
audience seemed much interested and
Tonight I am to invade Sydney with
a stack of literature and endeavour to
hold a couple of street meetings.
I have omitted to mention a meeting held by Comrade McKay and myself at New Glasgow on the evening
of Sept. 1st. We got a crowd of about
150 and had a very good meeting. Will
call there on my return trip.
The movement ls growing in Cape
Breton. The workers are refusing to
become enthusiastic over the time-
worn platitudes of professional politicians. A few days ago Mr. A. K. McLean, attorney-general, spoke tn the
Liberal Club rooms. He Is reported
as having said that he did not believe
in stirring up strife between capital
and labor (or political purposes and
this has furnished amusement for
scores of the workers since then. The
Red is growing here. More later,
Sing! comrades, sing! You've got
something to sing for, don't mind the
coldly superior who are above tt. The
Brandon Local had some thought ot
placing me in Rivers for a night, but
decided more good could he done ln
Brandon. I strongly suspect that the
Brandon Local has developed a spirit
ot generous rivalry towards Winnipeg
and it also looks to me that Winnipeg
will have to get a move on to retain
first place ln Manitoba.
Regretfully leaving Brandon, I arrived at Regina three days ago and
you possess all the qualities that
make for survival. You can buy and
sell, and you feel no pricks of conscience when you rob your fellowmen. Upon occasion, you can murder them without compunction. These
qualities are very desirable—under
Capitalism. Just here, however, a
little instruction is necessary. You
may not know—but it has been established as a law'of human societies,
that "each mode of production, each
economic epoch, contains within itself
the seed of its own destruction." Ap-
By Spes.
 L *	
have  held  meetings    each    evening!plying this to that system of produc-
since. Things not so rosy here, but
some first-class comrades, nevertheless, Comrades Cocks and Bruce doing
all in their power to help. Two more
nights at Regina and then Moose Jaw,
where 1 look forward to seeing that
Bturdy comrade A. Stuart, there is no
better Red going than that same
Scotchman. H
For some time past I have been wan.
dering over Nova Scotia, spreading,
as best I could, the gospel ot discontent. I have been in Springhill and
seen the striking miners turning towards Socialism as their only hope
And on August 10th, I saw the flrst
Red Flag carried in the streets of
In my absence from Glace Bay Mr.
R. L. Borden, the immaculate, the silvery tongued politician who is to lead
the hosts of Conservatives to vletory
at the palls ln the near future/ blew
ln to .town. Great preparations had
been made by the local politicians for
his reception. A parade was arranged
and this new Moses was billed to
speak to the wage mules at 3 p.m
When the train arrived a squeegee
band ot about six pieces attended by
less than a score of citizens who, no
doubt, received free beer for their attendance, fell in behind the orator
and attended him to the field. Here
the crowd had failed to materialize
and the hot air tournament was post
poned till evening. When darkness
fell, about 300 people were on band
to absorb the new'truths emanating
from the capacious maw of this representative of big business. Several
Comrades were on the field and plastered it with Socialist literature. The
next day the Post reported that 5000
people attended, while the Standard
went the backward Post one better
and made it 6000. The truth of the
matter is that the whole affair was a
decided frost. The actions of capitalist politicians during the recent strike
has certainly put the kibosh on the
hopes of a lot of would-be legislators
in this vicinity.
I had only been in Glace Bay a
couple of days when September 5th,
the masters' Labor Day, came around.
The men had made preparations for
the "great" day and a parade was arranged. About 1000 people marched
in the parade and upon arrival at tbe
field several spouters mounted a platform and proceeded to lay down
volumes of new truth a la Gompers et al. There was much
flag waving and shouting about
the "dear old Union Jack." However there was not one word said about
the way in which the men were used
while carrying the "dear old flag" last
summer In their parade when they
were met by machine guns and red
coated butchers who also carried the
Union Jack'. Of course the same old
chestnuts about "rights" and "justice"
and "fair wages" were flung at the
crowd by some ot the speakers. The
crowd, however, seemed hard to enthuse over such worn slogans and
there was little applause.
Comrades McLachlan and McLennan
who are members of the S. P. of C.
did very well although even their talk
was too much along the lines ot an
attack on individuals instead of the
system of wagedom. Some of the
brutality and animalism, that capitalism has hept alive and even developed in the workers was vented on a
company policeman who attended the
On Tuesday, the 6th, I went to Sydney MineB where we held a street
meeting and held an Interested crowd
of about 125 men. I was interrupted
a few times by a fellow who had imbibed too freely of the cup that cheers
and also befuddles the wages slave. An
effort was also made by a local politician to persuade the police to break
up the meeting but was unsuccessful.
Wednesday was very wet so we had to
cancel our meeting at Florence, but
I shall be back there the 16th inst.
Arriving at Winnipeg on the 25th
Aug., I remained there for nine days,
the Local being busy and keeping me
busy all the time. Meetings were held
nightly, and good sales of literature
and collections realized.
On one night the comrades sent me
to Elmwood, Comrades Brown and
another of the Winnipeg comrades—
together with Comrade Farmilo of
Toronto accompanying. We had a
small crowd here and after holding
a meeting of fair length, took the car
back to Winnipeg, arriving in time
to take part ln a meeting the comrades
were holding on the spuare.
On another night a number of us
went to Selkirk and started a meeting
there which resulted in the writer
being arrested for speaking and prosecuted for causing an obstruction
(which was'nt caused), and "convicted" on the perjured evidence of two
policemen and fined $2.00 and costs
or fourteen days. The comrades decided to pay the fine, which deprived
me of any chance of being a martyr.
I was vexed.
Winnipeg Local is doing well especially as they are restricted to the
square for open-air speaking. Being
so handicapped, they are unable to
secure anything like the crowds that
the Toronto Local does, and the collections and sales of literature are
much smaller. The square at Winnipeg is well away from the main streets
nd there are comparatively few people
passing at anv time from which to
recruit a crowd. It is up to the Winni
peg Local to make a special effort to
get the streets for propaganda. I've
no doubt they will do this in due time.
Leaving Winnipeg, I was accompanied as far as Portage la Prairie by
Comrade McDougall and we held a
successful meeting there, the best
feature of which was becoming acquainted with an exceptionally alert
young kicker of the name of Loord,
who bought some literature and took
a yearly sub. for the Clarion, herewith
Leaving Comrade McDougall to conduct another meeting at Portage la
Prairie the next day (Sunday), I departed at midnight for Brandon, and
was rejoiced to meet that Red (in
two senses) Farmilo on the train,
hiking for Calgary—Calgary will find
themselves strongly reinforced.
At Brandon Fulcher and Hlgglns
were on the platform (3 a.m.), and
escorted me to the home of the former,
which reminds me that I wanted to
say that as a matter of personal preference I would sooner stay at a comrade's house than any hotel. At Winnipeg I stayed with Comrade Hill-
house and at Brandon with Comrade
Fulcher, and nothing could exceed the
kindly treatment I received from all
concerned. Home comforts for me
every time! As to Brandon I tell
you there's a bunch ot scrappers there.
They were good the last time but there
Is no comparison to what they are
now. We had bad and chilly weather,
and were only able to hold five outdoor meetings during the eight days I
spent at Brandon, but they were good
ones, and the biggest was bigger than
any I have seen in the square in
Winnipeg. The boys are not allowed
to take a collection or sell literature
on Sunday, but they got over that by
passing round the hat filled with literature, and invite any one who likes to
drop in a dime or so. This answers
well. Nice headquarters at Brandon
and it was crammed every night we
were there, after the out-door meeting,
For speakers, Brandon has the well-
known Fulcher, and Cliff Butler can
do a fair stunt, while Tommy Legge
is practicing hard every chance he gets
in the headquarters, pausing ever and
anon to say "Oh, this is awful, what
shall I say next." But what pleases
me best is to see the fine organization
of Brandon Local, the punctuality at
meetings, the bright and alert way in
which all the comrades move In a
bunch from the headquarters to the
vacant lot (being denied the streets)
and form a compact ring around the
box without any coaxing or urging,
and they have got down to singing
too, If they go on they will shortly be
up to Toronto's Local in this reBpect.
In the Clarion of September 3rd,
Comrade Desmond sounded a note
that cannot, in my opinion, be sounded too strongly or too often. We, the
working-class, he says (in effect), occupy the position of underdog in capitalist society because it is the only
position we are fitted to occupy; because, in short, it is our place. This
will be for many of us, a bitter pill.
But as it is plainly compounded of
truth, we shall do well to swallow and
digest it with as pleasant a face as
may be. There Is nothing to be gained by refusing to face facts, or to admit conclusions legitimately derivable
from facts. If it be true, therefore,
that the facts of nature, as scientifically observed, indicate unmistakably
a constant struggle for existence
amongst all forms of organic life, resulting ln a merciless extermination
of the unfit, we are obliged to concede
that the present condition of the
working class is an accurate and a
sufficient intimation of their relative
fitness to survive.
I know hat many attempts have
been made to show that under this
system of capitalism, the best and the
worthiest do not "survive." Genius
is pictured in a miserable garret,
composing elegies to days gone by,
when fields were not so brown, and
minstrels had the private ear of kings.
The business man who goes bankrupt
because he Is too "honest," ls also a
familiar figure with those who would
have us believe that this "system" of
ours is nothing but a monstrous perversion of the natural order of things,
But these misguided sentimentalists
should remember that it is not the
"best"—measured by any standard of
ethics, or even of cerebal superiority
—but the fittest, who succeed in the
struggle for existence, be the qualities that determine fitness what they
may. It is true, of course, that different characteristics make for survival in varying environments. Thus,
in the stone age the thickest head and
the strongest arm doubtless took ail
the prizes of life. Later, brute force
succumbed to sagacity. The intelligent plug will multiply the illustrations indefinitely.
What I am trying to get at (doubtless with but indifferent success), is
the eternal principle that: A given
environment favors the survival of
such forms of life as are best adapted
to that environment, and reversely,
crushes out all such as will not conform. I know this observation is
somewhat trite. But I think it will be
labor not utterly wasted, If I can persuade even one member of the party
who may be clinging to the old shibboleths of justice and fair play, that he
ls clinging to ideas which have absolutely no scientific justification. If
the capitalist class give us the heavy
end of the stick, it is not because they
are "sinful" creatures who have abjured the teachings of the Master, but
because lt la ours to suffer until we
can—by proving our fitness to survive in this environment, or by demolishing this, and fashioning a new
one to which we shall be better
adapted—deplve them of their right
to rob and murder us by taking away
their power.
I am glad, therefore, that Comrade
Desmond has called attention to this
phase of our problem, because it Is a
phase that has often been misinterpreted in a manner favorable to the
interests of the ruling class. The
hirelings of the bourgeoisie have said
that the facts of organic evolution con.
spire to establish beyond a rational
doubt, that the capitalist class rules
because of its proven fitness to rule.
As Desmond says, hey are right thus
far; the principles of biology do support their assertion. But it Is when
they attempt to draw the Inference that
it is the destiny of the capitalist class
to rule eternally, that we can logically step in and say, "We do not dispute your premise. You rule because
you are able, and therefore fit, to rule.
But lt ls no logical deduction from
that premise that you will always be
able to do so. Indeed, all the facts of
organic nature go to prove the contrary. With changing environments,
organisms require new qualities—
sometimes even a new physical structure—to assist them In the struggle.
Now, in an environment of capitalism,
tion known as capitalism, we arrive at
the logical result that lt must go as
did its predecessors. With its decay
will perish those organisms which are
adapted only to that, environment.
You are adapted "only to that environment." Therefore, "quol erat
Finally, lt may be said that as no
one doubts that man reacts upon his
environment, to some extent he may
fashion it as he will. We know that
the working class are not fit to survive in an environment of capitalism,
but it is quite conceivable that they
may combine to destroy capitalism
and make a new environment in
which they can survive. Speed the
When the deputation from the
Trades and Labor Council of Victoria
appeared before Sir Wilfrid Laurier,
on the occasion of his last visit to the
coast, it was generally supposed that
any delegation of the "working class"
was sufficiently aware of Laurier's position, to know that the powers that
roost at Ottawa were antagonistic to
any interference with their supply of
Oriental labor. Laurier was all smiles
and smooth promises done up ln neat
packages were delivered wholesale.
His baits were many and variegated,
but, nevertheless, even considering
that everything in Victoria Is smug
bourgeois, and also that representatives from Trades Councils are as a
rule seldom overburdened with grey
matter, no one would have suspected
that their prayer was such a conglomeration of idiocy and docility, presented in such a tolerant and respectful manner that even the dogs must
have grinned at the spectacle. What
did they expect to gain by their humble attitude to one who has not, nor
could not consider their Interests in
the slightest. Did they imagine, when
basking in his glorious presence, that
his diplomatic smile meant anything
for their class? Does Laurier serve
the propertied or propertyless section
of society? Have not the deeds of Liberals and Conservatives proved beyond the shadow of a doubt their direct hostility to those who alone are
useful and necessary to society, as
far as production is concerned?
There is no negation to the question
from the standpoint of those who belong to the working class.
On second thought, probably, Victoria Trades and Labor Council are no
worse than other bodies of a like nature (I don't know whether my quasl-
apology is a compliment or not), but,
at any rate, the Trades Congress of
Canada shows its true nature by submitting to a welcome from Mayor
Pelletier, of Fort William. Memory
is very elastic, but surely the delegates remembered an Instance during
the recent strike in Fort William,
when the mayor, true to his class and
their needs, called out the militia for
the purpose of shooting files off troublesome workers, who were demanding
more oats and a little cleaner stall.
It Is not that I am seriously concerned about what actions are correct, or the reverse as far as Trades
Councils are concerned. They can
slobber all over their tin gods if they
desire, but when one thinks of the
silly accusations thrown at the S. P.
of C. by the supposed flower (skunk
cabbage) of Trades Unionism, we
manifest a desire to gently point out
to our friends their docility to their
masters and their acquired habit of
forgetting their states as workers,
when entertaining or being entertained by the flunkeys of capitalist society.
When the mayor of Fort William
mado the statement "that the Labor
Party would soon be the dominant
political party of Canada," he had
visions of an organization that has Insidiously crept into the arena of politics as a "Labor Party," supported by
Liberal spell-binders, from professional labor leaders to ministerial pimps,
and financed by the most unscrupulous bunch of political tricksters that
ever electioneered.
Whether it be Laurier or Pelletier
as Greeks bearing gifts, we know their
ilk by their scent, consequently their
smooth phrases and oily manner are
tips for us to beware of our masters'
minions. Suspicion might be a
mighty bad virtue in the eyes of capital's morallstB, but we have tested Its
worth and found It very adaptable to
our needs, hence our serious objection to co-operating with unified bodies of labor peddlers who have by
their actions on occasions too numerous to mention, Justlfiod our suspicion
that they, as yet, are no better, If as
good as their masters.     W.  H. S.
A Russian by the name ot Federenko
is being held ln Winnipeg by the authorities, pending his return to the loving embrace ot the Little Father. Ho
ls. charged with having committed
some terrible crime in Russia two
years ago, whereas he has been in thla
country four years, which ls very
coarse work on the part ot the Czar's
thugs. A strenuous effort la being
made by %\e Refugees' Defense League ot Winnipeg, to stay the extradition proceedings, an effort ln which
every one who would balk the bloodthirsty rulers ot Russia ot their prey,
should assist.
There can be no doubt that Federenko is wanted for political reasons, and
it ls up to the members of his class
In this country to save him. As usual,
it ls a question of cash, our divinely
appointed rulers in every country being quite willing to take money ln preference to blood. Subscriptions ara
now in order, and it ls hoped that
lack of a few dollars will not add another victim to Nick's catalogue of atrocities.
• •   •
It has been generally supposed that
the earth was pretty well in the possession of corporate Interests. Judging from the great movements now In
progress for conservation ot "our" natural resources, a considerable area
must have been overlooked.
• •   •
Blessed are the meek tor they shall
inherit the earth. The more meek
they are the more gunpowder Is required to protect them.
• •   •
The International Socialist Congress
at Copenhagen had a swell time. A
phenomenon that, not uncommonly
marks an assemblage ot swelled heads.
• '"«■' <•
Land, Labor and Capital have been
said to be the three necessary factors
ln the production of wealth. Some
genius now steps forward and announces that there Is yet another. Brains,
he says, constitutes a very important
Item. Being an admission that Capitalists don't need any brains, this may
be taken as an effort on the part of
the enemy to compromise. What a relief lt will be to all these gentlemen
when Labor settles their controversies by using its brains to organize
in its own Interests as well as to produce wealth.
• •   •
Reports from all over the country indicate that the propaganda Is being energetically pushed with good substantial results. When it is considered
that the Socialist Party of Canada entered the field but a few years ago, in
the midst of a piebald collection ot
"Labor" parties, the progress made
should encourage every true revolutionist to redoubled effort that the end
may soon heave In sight. We are
pleased to report a formidable array .
of rustlers this trip.
Man. Ex. Com., 70; Barltz, Soo., Ont.,
11, and S5 for Clarion Maintenance
Gribble, enroute, g; Jos. Naylor, Cumberland, B. O, 4 and SI for Maintenance Fund. F. S. Faulkner, Great Falls
Mont., 3; T. J. Wallador, Glentanna, B.
O, 3; Local Steelton, Ont. bundle ot
50; Ell Waterson, Salmon Arm, B. C,
1 sub, bundle and literature.
Singles—Richard Llghtfoot, Nanalmo, B. C.i Alf Johnson, Silver Creek,
B. C; John Lyons, Ottawa, Ont.; W.
H. Stebblngs, Winnipeg; J. V. Hull,
Port Moody, B. C; H. Jones, Seattle;
Clarance V. Hoar, Portland Me.; J. D.
Houston, Minnedosa, Man.; H. Colling-
wood, North Battleford, Sask.; C. Tabor, Jordan River, B. C; Andrew Eric-
son, Golden, B. C; John N. Penoff,
Brandon, Man.; J. Mac Donald, Port
Essington, B. C. "Smith." F. Perry, W.
W. Lefeaux, G. Lane, R. L. Johnston,
Vancouver, B. C.
(Continued from Page 1)
saving processes have not entered to
quite the same extent as with many
other commodities, including gold.
Therefore the worker's wages, reckoned ln gold, represent a smaller value than formerly, they embody less
exchange with a smaler quantity of
the necessaries of life. The robbery
has taken place ln the factory, and
the decrease In the labor required to
produced the standard metal has intensified this robbery.
Doubtless this Is why in the country In which I am living there Is quite
an epidemic of small strikes, and
threats of bigger ones. It Is an endeavor to restore real wages to their
former level. It shows at the same
time the futility of the outcry against
the shopkeeper, and the necessity of
I putting an end to the robbery of the
workers by abolishing wage-slavery;
and this means Socialism. Indeed, the
disturbances of prices due to speculation and the jugglery of commerce
are insignificant compared with the
Importance of the robbery of the
worker In the process of production,
and tho persistence of operation of
fundamental economic laws.
L 9wo
aTaTa'ama' ' '-fra-A& A ui\ii     -^JLarVTCt
^,,,   .,-J-,-gggWlggf^FWI»WBt«^BBBWIIWPP
A perusal of the following, the data
for which have been culled from a
"Statement exhibiting the Moral and
Material Progress and Condition of
India during the Year 1908-9," issued
by order of the House of Commons,
should, it is hoped, do something towards enlightening our readers as to
working-class conditions obtaining in
British India.
Between the Lines.
Reading between the lines of this
official document, it ls apparent that
the India Offlce is chiefly concerned in
endeavoring to hide away in Its dusty
archives the facts relating to the real
position of the native agricultural and
industrial workers. Seemingly, however, the truth will out even ln a
Government publication, and the
truth, in this instance, will be found
far from palatable, at any rate to
those whose minds have been cleared
of racial prejudice and the bastard
patriotism so prevalent to-day.
The following Is taken from page 56
of the Report, "Inspection of Mines" :
"The number of mines of all kinds
coming under the Act (The Indian
Mines Act, 1901) in 1908 was 1,062
. . . They gave employment to an
average daily number of 164,301 per
sons (an increase of 8 per cent, in the
year), of whom 103,322 were men,
64,518 women, and 6,461 children under twelve years old; 102,451 persons
worked underground."
"There were 136 fatal accidents,
causing 194 deaths, during the year
1908, an increase of 72 over the
deaths in 1907. The Increase is chiefly due to the expansion and activity of
the coal industry and to the increasingly difficult and dangerous conditions of mining work. Of the fatal accidents, 166 occurred ln coal mines.
Accidents in coal mining would probably be more numerous than now
(1.S7 per 1,000 workers) but for the
lavt that the workings are generally
free from gas, very shallow, and not
Suffer Little Children.
In the section "Factory Inspection"
It ls to be noticed that one of the laws
passed decreed the raising of the
minimum age for child laborers from
7 to 9 years, and another the forbidding of the working of children more
than 7 hours per day. What benevolence on the part of the factory legislators! Only 7 hours work per day
for children of nine years of age! As
the next paragraph shows, however,
the laws relating to the working of
children are broken with impunity. Is
this why they are passed? On page
114 with regard to plague in India we
"It is now generally agreed: (1)
That bubonic plague is spread by infected rats; (2) that the vehicle of
contagion between rat and rat and
between rat and man is the rat flea."
In India it has presumably been ordained by a dispensation of capitalistic Providence that rats and men
shall dwell harmoniously together,
sharing the same rat-flea between
them— a state of affairs which even
the working class in Britain, who do
not usually cavil very much at their
housing accommodation would possibly object to.
In the light of the foregoing, lt ls
Interesting to notice that "income
tax receipts have Increased with the
Increase in profits and salaries resulting from commercial and industrial activity" to £1,553,419 in 1908-9,
as compared with £1,504,113 in
Perhaps the most significant section of the "statement" from a Socialist standpoint Is that devoted to
"Crime and Police." The Socialist
contends that the material conditions
in which an individual lives and by
which he ls surrounded determine the
predominant features of his individual character, and that therefore a
bad and degrading social environment
must inevitably engender bad and degraded social units. This contention
is certainly upheld by the Report under notice.   We read:
Poverty Breeds Crime.
"Madras. The season was generally
unfavorably, and scarcity prevailed
almost throughout the Madras Presidency. The prices of food grains, excessive at the end of 1907, rose still
higher ln 1908; and, In consequence,
there was a marked increase in crime.
The total number of true cases of
cognizable crime (cognizable offences
are those for which the police can
arrest without a warrant) rose from
47,500 to 50,047. Property lost during
the year was valued at £110,533, of
which 27.3 per cent, was recovered."
"Bombay. In Bombay the total number of cognisable cases reported during the yoar rose to 33,646, there being increases under all heads of offences, except cattle theft. The value
of property stolen during the year, in
connection with cognisable crime was
estimated at £113,362, a large increase for the figures during 1907."
"Bengal. As regards ordinary crime,
there was an Increase of 8 per cent, ln
the number of cognizable offences.
The whole of this Increase occurred
under the heads of burglary and theft,
and is to be attributed principally to
tbe high price of food."
"United Provinces. The famine,
which lasted during the greater part
of the year under review, naturally affected the returns of crimes in the
United Provinces. The volumes of
reported offences increased by 5.5 per
cent, on the corresponding figure for
1907. and amounted to 195,697 cases,
there were increases in the number of
robberies, burglaries, ordinary thefts,
and cattle thefts."
"Punjab. Burglaries increased from
12,087 to 73,700; and cases of cattle
theft by 299."
In Eastern Bengal and Assam ordinary crime is reported to have remained about stationary.
"Central Provinces and Berar. In
the Central Provinces and Berar there
was an increase ln the total volume of
crime, which may be attributed ln
part to the failure of the crops in the
north of the Provinces, and the subsequent general high range of prices."
"Burma. The outstanding fact of
the year under review in Burma was
a substantial increase of crime."
North-West Frontier Province. The
year under review ln the North-West
Frontier Province showed a great increase In violent crime, to be attributed to the unsettled state of the border and to the higher prices which
ruled throughout the year."
In Coorg the number of offences
were reported as being normal.
In all the above-named provinces
(except Coorg) where not actually
stated that high prices and scarcity of
food conduced to the increase ln crime
lt ls shown by a perusal of other sections of the Report that such high
prices and scarcity did actually prevail, generally to a very large extent.
The conclusion may be drawn, therefore, from the facts supplied by the
Government of India, that a decrease
ln the standard ot living brings with
it an increase ln criminal offences,
and that such offences as robbery,
burglary and theft are the outcome
of the fierce and ever-intensified struggle for existence prevailing in present-day society.
This conclusion is, of course, quite
ln accord with the views which have
been constantly and consistently put
before readers in the "Socialist Standard" during the past six years.
The foregoing are the most salient
features of "a statement prepared
from detailed reports from each presidency and District in India, in such
form as shall best exhibit the moral
and material progress and condition of
India in each such presidency." (So
it is naively described in the preface.)
The Logical Conclusion.
The India offlce has apparently come
to the conclusion that the best form
in which the "Moral and Material
Progress of India" can be exhibited
is by the compilation of facts showing the moral and material deterioration of the native working class. It
would seem, indeed, that from the
India offlce standpoint, moral and material conditions progress, like the
crab, by going backwards. Truly, the
bourgeois method of reasoning passes
the wit and understanding of an ordinary mortal.—F. J. WEBB in the
Socialist Standard.
Dedicated to the Diety of Truthfulness
(By M. Bargo)
It was four o'clock upon a wild December day; the mellow light of about
that time struggled valiantly between
the flysplts upon the dingy window
panes of Old Hans Gutter's little hotel
on 4404 street, New York. It fell (the
sunlight) upon the bald head of the
busy Hans, it fell upon the bottled red
eye and boxed brown paper yclept flor
de stinkadores. It glowed yellow upon the up-turned and pimply face of
the young Comrade Mopemoff, as he
gazed with an almost reverential
squint upon a faded photo hung just
behind the bar parlor door.
"Tell me about him, Hans," he Bald.
Tell me about him."
"Ach," replied Hans (your German
characters must always say ach), he
was a great man, perhaps the greatest man who ever lived, our Karl."
"So they say, but you have seen
him, Hans?"
"Hlmmel! as though it yesterday
was, yes. Many a time hat he herein
come and Bay, 'Hans, my boy, great
tings, Tbe government have passed
the washerwoman's relief bill and will
yet make law of the home for distressed cats; our work is going on!
Donner and Blitzen, how kind he was.
Many times haf I seen him weep when
he thought of the thinness of the
froth upon the poor-house beer. Great
shudders of grief have through him
swept when he read that dogs must be
muzzled tbree weeks earlier that year.
And the beautiful Jenny! What
teeth, what eyes, what hair! Ach,
how they yet lived while Karl wrote
Capital, I know not."
Mopemoff was now reduced to
tears, for Jenny, or Karl, the writer
does not know. Said he, sobbing:
"But Hans, did Marx write those
books? I cannot think so, for they
are revolutionary."
"Herr Gott! Yes, that Ib what the
earlier Socialists thought, but to-day
we better know, yes. His next of
kin, Ernest Untermann Marx, says
that although Marx, in thoughtless
moments,   did   say   something about
the revolution social, yet he wished
us to understand he did not. Der ten-
ful, how he loved the labor unions and
although when he a boy was, he some,
thing said the commodity nature of
labor about, yet wisdom comes with
age and he told J. Spargo, his best
pal, that it all poppy cock was, so!
Engels and J. Stett Wilson used to
come here in with Karl sometime, but
Engels I like never. He was all for
revolution and bought his beer over
the street at the Anarchist Green
baums; Greenbaum would say
"Vorkers of the World, Unite," but
Karl used to go over and stop him by
saying he a impossiblist was; yes!"
"Did you see Stett Wilson, too,
Hans?" said the young comrade.
"Yes, many times; Karl and him
would sit within and write the 'Message of Socialism to the Church,' together. It was Stett who showed
Karl how foolish the books Das Kap-
ltal was. Karl wanted to burn them,
too, but Stett said, 'Give them to a
museum for the next generation to
laugh over.' Ach! how Karl loved
our Teddy Rosenfelt. He said many
times when he was sitting the chair
you are within (the young comrade
rose hastily), 'Remember, Hans, that
I says that man ls for us, he will
help the working class all' the time;
and you see it is true. Karl used to
come In and say bad words about the
B. C. bunch and the Western Clarion.
How they are distorting him and
wrecking the movement, but he always thought the Appeal to Reason
was worth more than two kicks the
guts within, so! And then he died
just before be finished his last great
work, 'Critic of the Modern Method
of Applying Corn Plasters,' ln which
he is said to undo all he wrote in
"Did you ever se*e the books, Hans?"
"No, but those I have met who nearly
saw the printer who lost his job just
before it was published."
To think hat he is dead," said Mopemoff, as he wiped a tear upon his
greasy sleeve; "to think he will never
more write for the movement gives
me a pain," and he suddenly looked
"Hans," said he, "did Marx teach
you about the robbery of consumers?"
He did so, Comrade, he was always
great on that, and i learned it well."
By the thickness of the bottom of
this schooner, I should think so," and
the young comrade went softly out
into the night. The light from an arc
light now is still struggling through the
For the rest of this entertaining
novel the reader is referred to the
Marx he knew, by Spargo. The discerning reader will, no doubt, And
serious flaws in our German adjectival phrases, but we would say that
our German is almost forgotten and—
put it down to the printer.
You workers who know nothing
about Socialism and care less—You
who vote for the interests of your
boss, instead of voting for your own
interests—do you ever stop to ask
yourselves how many more years you
will be "employed" by the kind hearted boss who does not swear at you
more than a dozen times a day and
who only takes from you ALL the
wealth you create each day by the
sweat of your brow and graciously
allows you enough stabling and coarse
fodder to enable him to rob you completely the next day, and so on?—Do
you ever ask yourselves what you are
going to do when your boss finds he
can skin a bunch of younger fry than
yourselves to more profit and so turns
you out, or kicks you out, fires you,
or shall we draw it mild and say "lays
you off" and you find yourselves "free
men" instead of wage-slaves? Do you
ever think of the approach of that
time when you will be "free" to
starve because you have been such
good servants to your master and voted in his Interest and worked dllli-
gently for him and made him rich.
Of course, you had no use for Socialists; you had a good job, and were
going to Bupport the interests of your
bosB so as to Insure your job. Socialists never put any grub in your stomachs; Oh, no! it was all done by your
kind-hearted boss, and in a miraculous way (for he never did a tap of
work in his life, never created any
values, and yet has been able to
"employ" you). The Lord must be on
his side for he lives in a mansion and
eats the best; his wife dresses in silks
and satins and his children are educated at universities. He rides in an
auto, and comes to his offlce once now
and then, all because you vote in his
IntereBtB. While you create all tho
values that make him rich, you are
down to the knuckle-bone. You work
long hours, live in hovels, your food ls
like hog-swill, your poor wife is dressed in cotton print for best and rags
for second best and there ls always a
row in the house because the miserable wages won't go the rounds and the
children go hungry to school. You
have to practice "race suicide" to keep
down the family Increases, and ruin
your own and your wife's nerves by
doing so; and last but not least, you
are steadily and rapidly approaching
that year when your services will no
longer be required (45 ls the average
age men are cast adrift at).
Do you see in all this state of things
the cause of your bosses wealth on
the one hand and your poverty on the
other? Well If you don't, let me tell
you it is all in the way you voted. If
you and all workers voted in your own
interests instead of your bosses you
would have been the ones to be living
on easy street during your declining
years or after you have passed the
meridian of your manhood; your wives
and families would be the well fed,
well clothed and well educated ones;
and your idle boss who never did a tap
in his life would disappear from the
reckonings as he would of necessity
have to change his tactics and work
like you and enjoy the full net value
of his work the same as you or else he
would be "free to starve," Instead of
you.   See the point?
Socialism stands for insuring to
every worker, male or female, the full
net value of his or her product, and
this will become law as soon as you
workers as a class recognize your
class-interests and vote for Socialism.
All other kinds of voting make the
bosses rich and the workers poor.
So learn the lesson and teach it to
your fellow workers NOW.
An Irishman at last Provincial election said that Socialism was no good
lt had been a failure wherever it had
been tried.
A comrade told him he must have
obtained his information from a capitalist newspaper or magazine as these
call anything and everything Socialism
and always make it come out a "failure," and Socialism had never yet been
So the Irishman asked him what
this Socialism is if it has never been
tried yet The comrade told him it
was as yet but a theory and was going
to explain the theory but was cut short
by the Irishman who said: D'you think
thut any mun in his sinses is going
to be such a dumnfuil as to vote for
a theory."
By the way his eye brightened up
he thought he had got a good one in
on the comrade but the comrade informed bim we have the theory now
and the voting is for the Practice—of
Will some economist please analyse
"buying" ad "selling" so that we can
see where that bunch of highway robbers the Capitalists "buy" ous labor-
power. When a highwayman meets
you on the road and puts a gun to
your head and takes your watch and
chain and charm, if be were to hand
you back the charm and say "here is
the charm, this Is your wages for producing the watch, chain and charm,
this will pay for your labor-power for
the time it took you to produce the
watch, chain and charm, or one-fifth of
its real value, I suppose you would
say you were properly paid, according
to the way economists seem to put it.
myself hate to give a capitalist
credit for what he does not do, you
know yourselves that you produce all
the values and therefore pay yourselves and riot only do you do this but
you pay the capitalist 5 times more
than you pay yourselves, ln values for
daily produce merely for the privilege
of being allowed to work on the means
of wealth production or those natural
resources which are privately owned
by the capitalist. The capitalist holds
these natural resources by virtue of
crooked laws made in his interest by I
the liberals, conservatives, labor fakirs and any and all kinds of elected
politicians except Socialists. You
workers give these fakirs the power
by your vote and of course they write
the law—not in your interest but your
masters; and you get lt ln the neck
to the tune of dlvvytng-up all you make
to them. I say ALL you make because the one-fifth you keep for your
wages gives you the strength to work
for your masters the next day, so
you see he gets It all, and if you work
50 years steady for him the day you
quit you are about 1 meal in your
belly ahead of him—he has got all the
rest of your production out of you.
Your daily wages are like the shingles
on the roof, they Just carry you
through by a sort of over-lapping from
one day to another but in the end the
boss gets the lot, and you get the
scrap-pile for ydurs. Socialism Intends
to write the law so that everyone will
enjoy the privilege of using the natural resources of the earth without having to pay a boss four-fifths of the
daily product. That four-fifths wlll be
retained by the worker himself and no
one will be able to. prevent him from
living. Is lt not worth your while
striving for.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to aud support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
T.nbor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tho wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt by
political action.  This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly aa possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working claas.
2. The democratic organisation and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when In offlce shall always and everywhere
until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle agalnat
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; If it wlll not, the
Socialist Party ls absolutely opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
Books of all Kinds
Paine's Age of Reason 25c
Six Ingersoll Lectures  tit
"The Descent of Man" Darwin
The Origin of Species, Darwin ISc
"Tokology" or the Science of
Sex and Life t.tl
"Nana" by Zola  75c
Merry Tales of the Monks 75c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
162 Cordova St. W.
NOTICE Is hereby given that I,
Alfred Wyngaert, Gibson Landing, 13. C,
Rancher, Intend to apply to the Commissioner, under Part V. of the "Water
Act, 1909," for licence to divert one-
quarter cubic foot of water from St
Vanes Creek, at the back of D. L. 1667,
New Westminster District, for domestic
and irrigation purposes; and that notice hereof was posted on the 16th day
of August,  1910.
Gibson's Landing, B. C.
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and    application    blank
per 100   25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen       ■SO
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
To Canadian Socialists
On account of increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review ln Canada
$1.20 a year Instead of $1.00. We
can, however, make the following
special offers:
For $3.00 we wlll mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mall ten
copies of any one issue.
For $3.00 we will mall the Review one year and the Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
cwamlbb w. xswrn at compact
134 West Klnzie St., Chicago.
305 Cambie Street
The best of everything properly,
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
-Which Stand* for a Living* Wage
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^^^^^_^^_ Copvriohts Ac.
Anyone tending a sketch and description may
quickly nioertiiln our opinion free whether an
Invention li prohnbly piuenuble. Conimmilcn-
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•ont free. Oldest affency for securing potent*.
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nil nomdealeis.
(J If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to onr office and we will aend a man
to measure yonr premises and give yon an estimate of cost of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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