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Western Clarion Dec 25, 1909

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Array P"—
■rnm 009.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, December 25, 1909.
HlSMrtplHlD prtot
m Vbab
ii 11 -
The Increased cost ot living is a
matter of some concern for many
minds. J. J. Hill particularly sounds a
note of warning on this subject ln the
Province of November 30th. This ls
not his first attempt; several times he
bas appeared in print upon this same
question, and from this, his latest effort, tt would appear that his economic
progress is, like the locomotive progress of a crab—backward or sideways, never forward- He offers some
statistics which, running as they do into seven figures, are Imposing enough
hut Which, quoted without relation to
other factors, are not very convincing
to any one with common horse sense.
For example, ln bis opinion the census of 1910 will show there are but 30
people employed in agriculture to
every 70 employed in tbe cities, and insists that these 70 get their living by
"manufacturing the raw products of
tbe farm into flnisned forms, performing professional services, or assisting
in the task of distributing the products
of the factories or farms." He points
out further that, "In l'ii-0 there were
96 men raising foodstuffs to every 4
in the cities who needed foodstuffs but
did not raise them.
This railroad magnate, with his
mighty brain, cannot see that an enormous portion of that labor used directly on the farm in 1790 is now used up
in producing machinery which in turn
transfers tbat labor to the farm; and
therefore while a machinist ln Chicago may never have seen a crop of
wheat, he may enter into the production of tbat wheat as actually as the
farmer who rides the self-binder which
was produced ln the factory where he
Extravagance, Bays Hill, Is the cause
of the high cost of living. Extravagance on the part of everyone, farmer
and city wage-earner. Asked how this
could be when the average wage was
-but |437 per year, be said that extravagance, like luxury, was relative. But
everybody spent too much.' This Is a
mighty easy way of surmounting a difficulty, but lt is not very convincing.
"Thrift and economy," said one Oracle J. J. Hill, "Bhould be practiced."
Thrift, old Shylock tells us, is a blessing. So also is abstinence. But there
is a point below which abstinence, upon which thrift is consequent, Is starv-
atlon, and, according to my muddy
think tank, $437 per year borders closely upon that point.
However, Mr.. Hill is of a different
opinion. He is interested in an academy, and in this Institution three good,
substantial meals can be bad for 27
cents. Just think of that; and I have
seen with my own eyes, common laborers In the city of Vancouver throw
away 25 cents on ONE meal—only 2
cents less than could purchase 3 "good,
substantial meals." Heaven help us!
Whither are we wending? But no;
Hill does not assume that every one
can get a meal for 9 cents. Says he:
"I understand that lt is possible to get
a substantial meal In New York for 18
cents." True! True! Oh, thou wizard, how dld'st tbou discover It! It
was possible I I. can swear to lt.
Some ten years ago I demonstrated
that beyond peradventure. Yes, 13
cents waa the price; 10 cents without
coffee, tea or milk. You will notice
Hill leaves out the adjective "good," in
speaking of this 13-cent meal. Hill ls
an honest enquirer after truth, and
does not exaggerate. The Father ot
Lies himself. would hesitate to call
this meal "good." It was NOT "good."
Neither to look at, to smell, nor to
eat. The flies were as plenteous as
promises snd whiskey at British Columbia elections. The soup was the
clearest thing In the house; the "red
horse" was.tough and strong; the potatoes were one, In a dish by themselves; the cabbage was more conspicuous to the nasal than to the ocular
sense; and the coffee more satisfactory
to the eye than to the palate; but the
pie, yes, the, pie! Ye gods! But how
did Jim Hill find It out? It took me
fonr days to do It, but I only had
three meals, s'welp me! The third
day after I found the Joint I "struck"
the mate of the Tallahasa, and "making the grade," departed without a
pang of regret, from my bench in the
Battery and , 13-cent meals forever.   I
have since eaten cheaper meals, but
for something unique and lasting,
"though lost to sight to memory dear,'
commend me to a New York 13-cent
However, Jim does drop across an
economic fact, and 'twould Indeed be
strange were he not to do so once in
a while, even by accident. Here lt is:
"The competition among the 70 In the
city to perform the services that are
required by the 30 on the farms will
keep the wages of the 70 low, while
the great demand created by tint 70 for
the products of the 30 will keep tbe
prices of farm products high/ Is that
not so?" You will observe he Is not
quite sure of himself. You will also
observe that Hill Is as reckless ln stating premises as he ie in reaching conclusions. But that does not matter;
we expect neither a strict adherence to
facts nor close and cogent reasoning
from an apologist for the capitalist
system. However Illy-stated his proposition is, one thing is obvious, the
competition brings down the wages of
the 70 propertyless wage-workers. Jim
Hill says so himself.
Now, suppose we take his other
statement quoted above, that "everybody spends too much," and compare it
with the statement that "competition
will keep the wages low," we are forced to conclude tbat If we spent less,
we Bhould be able to work for lower
wages and consequently our wages
would fall. Either that or the law of
competition would become Inoperative.
Anyone reading the three columns
in the Province in a critical frame of
mind will notice that Hill never once
mentions the capitalist class. I make
no doubt he does this advisedly; he
doubtless, notwithstanding hla Inchoate utterances that the' only beneficiaries of a further economy on the
part of workers would be the capitalists themselves. Their wages would
be lowered, ln consequence of the lessened consumption, and a corresponding cheapening of the farmers' produce
would result from the slackening of
demand, and to the owners ot the
slaves would acrue all the benefits as
But the most significant statement
by far in the entire three columns is
that the United States Is on the road
to disaster. He states that every nation which has taken the path now being trod by the United States has ended in the scrap-heap- "The fatal path
in each instance led along the precipice that Ib called high cost of living."
This ls stating a truth, but in a most
unintelligent manner. Like all bourgeois writers, thinkers, etc., time and
place, condition and circumstance,
have no relation to anything Jim Hill
Is discussing. So Oreece, Rome and
Spain, all fell from the same cause,
and the United States must follow.
But the high cost of living ls an ambiguous phrase and may mean anything or nothing; It Is moreover merely relative. What would be high cost
of living to a Russian peasant would
be dirt cheap to a B. C. miner. Regarding tbe fall of Greece, Rome,
Spain, etc., the "high cost of living"
may-have been a contributory cause.
Poverty at one end of the social scale
and luxury at the other with their attendant evil influences, may come under Jim Hill's phrase, "high cost of
living," but it Is most loose phraseology, too loose for effective reasoning.
Moreover, the actual forces making for
the overthrow of these ancient civilizations came from without, not from
within. Long years of battle, murder
and. sudden death had left them at the
mercy of more backward nations, not
vexed with these evils The flower of
their manhood was demanded at tbe
outposts of the empire. The weaklings
stayed at home and became tbe
fathers of the race. Tbe Spartans
realised this and ln war time took
care that their future citizens should
not be fathered by the weaklings of
the nation, albeit Lacedaemon boasted
of few such.
But enough of ancient civilizations,
how about America and Europe? "The
high cost of living" amounts to this:
That no matter how high wages go,
provisions seem to rise to a corresponding height; nay, seem to attain a
higher altitude. With the result that
society becomes less and less able to
feed all its members.
A member of modern society must
be able to dispose of wares of some
kind ere he can live. The propertl-
less worker has physical and mental
force to dispose off. The development
of science and invention make the disposal of these wares more and more
precarious. They cannot all sell.
They cannot all get jobs. Some must
But those who have jobb are per
plexed by the "high cost of living."
So is Jim Hill and many others. What
Is this bug-a-boo? What is the cause
of it? What its effects? TheS» are
questions sufficiently large to warrant
serious consideration and I shall take
them up next issue. Meanwhile Jim
Hill would do well to study a few
books on Socialism. He would then
either cease babbling or talk sense.
J. H.
The great revolution la now on, according to tbe Liberal press, and the
people are now face to face with the
situation, "Shall the Peers or the People rule?" Great party slogan, Is It
not; and It appears to be catching,
too, Judging by the way Liberal meetings are attended, and the Churchill-
Lloyd-George combination ls being received in the country. The Liberal
leaders have played their cards well
and look like succeeding.
The Daily News, Chronicle and other
Liberal papers Bet up a howl against
the sinfulness of dividing the Progressive forces (?) by labor fighting Liberalism. Had not they everything to
gain and nothing to lose, by uniting?
And united they are, at least ln deeds
and words, and we are told by the
aforesaid Liberal papers, how gratifying lt is to note the efforts to avoid
a split, seeing that after the Labor executive meeting a number of quiet
withdrawals are to be made.
. Now Labor M.P.'s are touring the
country, proclaiming the age of feudalism to be past, as though they
were the champions of the rising capitalist class "some 200 years ago. We
hear that staunch revolutionist P.
Snowden, saying tt would be Idiotic to
put forth candidates In opposition to
the party that was fighting the Labor
party's battle, and Mr. Henderson talking of the present emergency and the
Seed for an elastic constitution.
Find enclosed also Labor party manifesto; note, paragraph 4, how they
speak of our Industries, our towns,
etc.   Ye gods!
• There is one man at least in the I.
L. P. who is Independent. I speak of
Victor Grayson, who protested through
the Clarion against this "great apostasy,' 'and has also declined to run
again as candidate in his constituency,
though he may reconsider this decision. The Clarion also makes its protest against the betrayal.
There ls one consolation attaching
to this. The Liberals are not at all
likely, in spite of their promises, to
touch the Lords, and if the people can
be made to remember Liberal arguments against the landowners, and be
taught to apply the same arguments
against the manufacturing Interests
back of the Liberals, there will be an
awakening that will put the so-called
progressive forces where they belong,
and clear tbe way for the only issue,
Shall the workers or the shirkers
Until Socialists keep this clear in
mind to the exclusion ot all side Issues, the movement wlll be stagnant.
So looking forward for the day of
revolution, I am
Still in revolt,
F. S. F.
In tbe B. C. Mining Exchange for
November I happened on the following "information" concerning the "Extravagance of the Masses," (capital
letters and heavy type) by Secretary
Wilson of the United States Agricultural Department:
"The average laborer ls to-day living better than Queen Elizabeth did
In her time. You wlll find that they
eat meat three times a day, most of
them, and what ls more, they want the
best cuts. They can afford them."
And again, "The farmer is still handicapped by lack of labor. Too many
have gone from the farm to the sidewalk;" and deplores that the farmer
Is investing ln automobiles Instead of
in Eastern securities.
Of course, I Immediately felt very
sore against the average laborer about
these "beBt cuts," as I felt sure some
one was appropriating my share, and
handing out the "Chicago chicken" and
mulligan" to me. In fact, I had Just
decided to throw them over, and quit
being a workingman any more, wben
ran up against the following In a
recent edition of the "Scottish Weekly
'Two distinct bodies of unemployed
workers have taken possession of two
pieces of land belonging to the corporation of Leicester. * * . * The
men are clean, industrious-looking ar-
tizans, and they are calling mass meetings of unemployed round their camp
fires every night. There are over 4,000
men unemployed and about 4,000
empty houses, which causes stagnation
in the building trade. The campers
have put up a notice: "This land belongs to all of us."
Now, can you reconcile these two
pictures? I've sweat and swore and
wasted much precious gray matter
over the problem; but the one refuses
absolutely to fit Into the others. Why
the workers, who are being fed on the
"best cuts" three times a day, should
so far forget themselves as to "violate the rights" of private property
and seize other people's land with the
object of tilling It to produce a llvlng
from, I can't for the life of me see at
all, at all. They are so fond of work
that they even go and steal It. Why,
the greed of the average laborer ls simply appalling. He wants the earth,
and won't be happy till he gets it.
Best cuts three time* a day, top.
Somebody must either be badly Informed, or lying badly. Though somewhat of a charitable disposition (which
the same is a secret) I rather incline
to the latter, as the average worker
of my acquaintance certainly don't
look like a "three-meat" man. More
like a "three-cent" man, judging by
proportions, "Willie" Taft being the
standard measure. It's no wonder the
poor farmer lookB so worried. I always used to think it was the mortgage that was worrying him; now I'm
convinced it'B the question of growing
sufficient "best cuts" to meet the enormous demand. The flrst thing we
know, he will be using these automobiles of his to skin out of the country.
And then, what?
Though truths, like the latter quotation, will now and then leak out
through the press—and then merely as
a stop-gap In Borne out-of-the-way corner—It ls simply damnable the "lies;
damned lies, and statistics" that are
dally peddled by "prominent" personages for the edification of the "salt of
the earth." And these same "salts"
(Epsom salts, I think) take It all In,
and believe all tbey have to do is to
quit drinking, get fat, sav up, and
they wlll Boon all be mllllonarles. I
wonder who will do the work then,
when the Local Optlonists and Sunday Observance Society have "changed
humanity," and brought about this
much-to-be-deslred mlllenlum? We
will leave tbis problem for the Salvation Army emigration scheme to solve
at 25 dollars per. They'll have an "Inspired" dream, or a fit, or something
like tbat, and work it off their chest.
In the meantime, you fellows with
the "choice cute" had better "divide
up," and be good Socialists, or you
will get the Rocky Mountain Rangers
after you. They are worse than the
"bogie man." While you are doing
this, there are a select buncb of undesirables going to drill Into the heads
of the other muts a tall story about
not only seizing the land, but tbe whole
means of wealth production, and using
It for the tnneflt of all; and thus ending the present anarchy In production.
- -A speclsl meeting is called for Monday Dec 27th, st 8 p.m.
What ls competition, can there be
any such thing as "Benevolent educative competition," has it any ethical
value, can lt yield any social benefits
to a community where it prevails? Our
Capitalistic oponents claim that the
present system is one of benevolent
educative competition. This I unconditionally refute as being either a deliberate He for the purpose of deluding the unthinking worker, or, as Ignorance on their own part, of the
fundamental construction of competition.
This I will try to make clear to you,
Tek horses are sent running around a
ring—the object of the promotors of
the race Is to ascertain which is the
swiftest horse. They run again the
next day, but they do not pass the
winning post ln the same order,
What have the promoters learned?
They have learnt that horse competl
tion ls a game of chance with appearances of certainty; and therefore a
fine thing to fool with. What have
the horses learned? They have learned to run fast. It is a good thing for
them to run fast? Ab the seamstress
at the sewing machine. Iu this example we have a case of pure compe-
tetlon, and the first thing to be noted
about It ls, that the horses race Involuntarily without initative. whilst the
race itself ls delusive as to Its results,
except to the gamblers who are really
only playing a game of arithmetic under the name of horses.
It used to be customary among men
to compete with each other in physical
strength. The stronger man killed
the weaker man. That kind of competition developed blood-thirstiness.
Consequently it was a good thing for
the human race when that custom passed  out of  existence.
It is now a custom among human
beings, forced upon them by the capitalist system, to compete with each
other for enough money to buy the
necessaries of life. The man who
possesses less of the qualities necessary to succeed in that competition
gets the money while the man who
possesses less of the ii mlities necs-
sary to succeed In that competition
either starves to death or at least develops greed, graft, dread, fear, Jealousy, pride, vanity, narrow-mindedness ignorance, pessimism, hopelessness, meanness, stinginess, cowardice,
craftiness, stealth and other kindred
properties. Thus, blindly we are forced into that curse to humanity—Com-
No competition could be endured for
an hour among rational creatures,
which ls not declared on the assurance that lt Is an effort to destroy
competition. The cause of a perpetual
c 'tnpetltlon was born ln the commercial mind, and even there it lives the
life of a lie, deceitfully, nourished and
fondled in public, but never permitted
to enter the home circle of those who
fondle It. Turn to what field for tbe
output of human energy we may, this
truth  commands attention.
Competition can exist only for the
conscious, earnest and speediest destruction of Itself that ls obtainable.
Competition, as Boon as we look upon
lt as a thing, a force, must have a togetherness—synthesis, or direct method of composition, by which we arrive at the conclusion, and this Is Its
synthesis—an effort at self-destruction, for instance the conflict between
capital and labor as to which shall control the state. The competition between two pugilists for the championship belt or purse of money can only
be real as long as they do not know
each other's reach or methods of fighting, after that is ls mere declet or
Now the ignorant "working classes"
who are bearing the burdens and pay-
lug for the culture of their aristocracy,
are asked to believe tbe lawyers, legislators, capitalists and the whole annual output of endowed colleges and
private tuitions are still sparring in
that blindfolded state of Ignorance
which preceeds the discovery of the
oponents reach and methods of fighting: that we tn America are still permitted to live in this ignorant and preliminary school of competition. We
know, however, that that stage has
long been passed.   We know that they
know our reach, our methods, and our
resources. If they continue to honor
us by putting on the gloves and suffering little defeats in public at our
hands, it Is only that the contest may
be kept in the present economic ring,
where they can afford to lose a little
to keep so very much, and where tbarm
Ib room only tor one at a time; rather
than let the contest go to the larger
field ot politics where there may de- .
velop room for all at a time, an J room
for thought, and also room tor character.
Assuming competition to be still the
actual arbiter between the classes of
labor and capital, what a wild-eyed
dream the call for reform or recognition of the trades and labor unions
must appear. "Reform, Recognition,
who calls for it?" One of the competitors." "From whom does he ask lt?"
"The other competitor." "What ls the,
truthful answer?" "This competition
of ours ls a business arrangement, lt
is a universal law. You'ask for more
justice, that Is less competition. You
ask us to let up on you a little. How
can you ask such a thing while you
are competing? Can we give you
more justice than we can do business
with? You ask us to recognize your
unions. How can you be so childish?
This Is competition. We cannot give
you such an advantage. You must
compete for It. You are cowards, we
know lt. You are afraid of hunger
and strikes: therefore, take that on
the right eye, to keep the1 left eye company. This is war. All that you ask us
for you have lost. You ask for the recognition of your unions. What! art)
they so vaporous that we cannot see
them, so unsubstantial that you must
solicit us to feel them? Are you so
childish as not to know that that Is
the only real detail In your slavery
whltth hns not been settled beyond the
chances of competition? Grant you
the right to organize and meet us In
the strength of united labor! Why, you
ask for our death. But are only asking for it, thank heaven, and, therefore,
you are as good as dead. Wben you
are united, no one will need to recognize a fact so tremendous, you will Increase your numbers, you will sharpen your wits, and conquer by the numerical power of your votes along with
your unions." \
It is a shame for the working men
of Canada to be asking, with bared,
bowed heads, for the recognition ot
tbe unions. Tbe weak people of the
world are dependent upon the Intellectual pity of their age for mercy, having no other source of strength. Before what tribunal shall the laborers
of Canada bring their wrong? Capitalism orders tbe doors of appeal to ba -
closed against them. What other
weapons of address or redresB shall
they seek? Considering themselves
and their opponents as competitors,
yet suitors and Judges, how shall they
A wide-awake, lighting, class consciousness Is the state of mind necessary to effective union, and non-competition In the class struggle, without
which class struggle tbe commercial
nations must In future history be populated and manned by races of hopelessly unmanned or emasculated
slaves. This ts a manhood evolution,
a mental movement from the first
dawn of class discontent up to that
last moment when tbe process shall
materialize In the seizure by wage
earners of all the functions necessary
to the true public life. Victor Hugo
has expressed this thought in a beautiful simile with which I wlll close.
"We are in Russia. The Neva is
frozen. Heavy carriages roll upon
Its surface. They improvise a city.
They lay out streets. They build
houses. They buy. They sell, They
laugh. They dance. They permit themselves anything. They even light fires
on this water become granite. There
Is winter, there Is ice and they shall
last forever. A gleam pale and wan
spreads over the sky and one would
say that the sun is dead. But no, thou
art not dead, Oh Liberty! At an hour
when they have most profoundly forgotten thee; at a moment when Ihey
least expect thee, thou shall arise, oh,
dazzling sight! Thou shalt shoot they
(Continued en Page 4) .   V-A--U  M
-r-t--r«M-Mr->Mii,-i|i||l||MM|llllll¥llllPlllliai' I "1
At Western Qui
MMlibed    arary    Saturday    ti* I the
■eeUllat Party of 0»nad», at the Oflloe
at tha Western Clarion, Plaek Blook
Mw.mant, 1SS »-.ating« Street, Taaoon-
tat, a O.
aXM) Tn Tear, SO oents for Six Months,
SI oents for Three Hostile,
Strletly Im Advaaoo
Bundles of i  or more oopiae,  for, a
irlod of not less thM' threo months, at
rate of one cent per copy per issue.
Advertising rates on  application.
If you receive thla paper. It ls paid
la making remittance by ctrkque. ex-
•feango must be added. Address all
communications and makl all money
orders payable to   .
Taaoonver, n. O.
Watch the laffel on your pa-
CCA per. If this number Is on it,
VUU yoar st-bscriptioa expires the
neat issue.
«e~^=  ■      Ml I s   —.
vWe don't care. We are the ones
■who are ruled. So what's Hie odds
who rules.
''Let the people rule"? That won't
go either: We are not "the people.
So much have we discovered through
considerable experience of rule both
'popular" and unpopular.' We are the
"working classes," the "great unwash
«d,'' the "mob." The masters are the
people and we will not let them rule
a minute longer than we can help.
Moreover, there is nothing to this
question of "Shall the Peers or the
People rule?" Shall the Peers or the
People pay the taxes, would be much
nearer the mark.
At this stage of the game there can
be no dispute as to who shall rule.
There Is no room at the top for any
but the capitalist class. There ls a
falling out between two sections of
this class in Britain as. to who shall
pay the Increased taxation for the
building of the Dreadnaughts so neces
sary for the defence of the Empire
and, incidentally, for the financial welfare of the shipyard and coal-pit owners.'
Despite their well-known and widely
advertised patriotism neither faction
is anxious to have this honor thrust
upon them. In fact neither is willing
to pay even its share if there be any
means devisable to avoid lt. Also
the Liberal party has to get back into
Hence the Budget. The Lords, toadied to socially in that land of snobs,
{politically are unpopular, so an attack
upon them is good campaign tactics.
And a rap at the liquor interests is
a grandstand play when the Nonconformist conscience is in the grandstand.
Let 'em all rule. We don't care.
Our first concern is somehow to get
nut of being ruled all the time. That's
our trouble. /
It's no use "'Qourock," "ye canna
tak the breeks off a hlelan'man." Before you can make the, worker pay
any taxes, you have got to give him
something to pay them with. And on
the average he doesn't get it.
a You can't even figure It that as he
produces all wealth, he must pay the
taxes. For, to be exact, he doesn't
-produce anything but labor-power
these days. He ls just an ambulatory,
self-contained, factory for converting
bis fodder Into physical energy, which
he peddles, when he can, for what It
will fetch In the market.
True, Labor, labor-power applied to
raw materials, creates all values, but
It Is not HIS labor-power any more
at that stage of the game. He has
sold it. He has gojl the job. To the
product he has not a vestige of title.
It ls his master's machinery, his master's raw material, his master's labor-
power, out of which the wealth is coined, therefore it is rightfully his master's wealth. And his masters alone
have the wherewithal to pay taxes.
However they may squirm and shuffle and dodge taxes, we are safe. We
can't pay them. We are a busted
All that is coming to U3 is the price
of our stall and fodder, and as little of
that as the law allows. If we get
more, the bloated plute has made a
bad bargain. He is in danger of being robbed as a consumer of labor-
power. (Untermann might look Into
Of course we have the proud privilege of seeming to pay a lot of taxes;
poll tax, and road tax, revenue taxes.
But take them off, and how much
cheaper we could work, and, by tbe
gods, we would, too, would we not?
They are JUBt paying taxes through
us. It makes them feel easier In
their pocket books to think we are doing It, and we should not mind.
Through a clipping from an old country paper some one has sent us we
learn that the unemployed problem
has been solved again, this time by a
gentleman by the name of Prank Fox.
However, the unemployment agitators need not worry; there la nothing
new about this solution. It's the same
old gag that the State should devise
ways and means of putting the unemployed to work, as if the State did not
already have troubles enough finding
jobs for poor relations and money for
Dreadnaughts. ■   $
Of course there Is the proviso that
the unemployed must not be put upon
work which would bring them into
"unfair competition with free labor."
Mr. Fox's chief hold ls the "Labor
Farm," "as they have It in Germany;
Switzerland and Australia-" Happy
countries, where there are no unemployed at large, we presume. He advocates the grading of the unemployed according to their willingness to
work, and tells of one in Germany
where there are three grades:
(1) The bone-idle, (2) the men who
are making an effort, (3) the men who
are doing well. Class 1 gets the barest subsistence of food; Class 2, better
rations; Class 3, excellent food; and—
ingenious cruelty—the savory dinners
of Class 3 are always paraded before
Class 1 so that their stomachs may
urge them on the upward path."
And when he reaches the dizzy summit of this upward path, what then?
Then "the regenerated man would
pass out into the current of British
industrialism." What for? To hunt, a
job, right where the lack of a job
drove him to the farm. However^per-
haps he is so "regenerated" by the
"excellent food" of the third class,
that he lfts become a more desirable
slave than those on the job, and he
may succeed In crowding somebody
out to take a holiday on that labor
farm and lay in a fresh stock of labor-
power. But we are none too sure of
that, for it is stipulated that these
"rescue" works should not "offer such
pleasant conditions as work for private employers." "Pleasant conditions" ls fine. Wonder how they can
make conditions more unpleasant than
on work for private employers.
Fortunately for society, the unemployed problem Is in no danger of sol-
uation, being insoluble while capital-
Ism endures. Which is also fortunate
for the scribes who turn an honest
penny fabricating newspaper solutions,
and for the Pharisees who dispense
"charities" ln a professional way.
Kelr Hardie, In the "Labor Leader
rehashes the International Socialist
Bureau's cheerful taradiddles about the
S. P. of C, and International afRlliatlon
and the Winnipeg "Voice" gleefully
seizes the golden opportunity of taking
a vicarious knock at the S. P. of C, by
republishing Kier Hardle's lucubrations. One can hardly blame Kier
Hardie. It ls perfectly natural that he
should be annoyed and there is an
element of doubt as to his acquaintance with the facts in the cose, so it
may be allowed that he is taking the
I. S. B's word for lt. But how about
the "Voice"? Editor Puttee knows
those statements are absolutely false,
so much so that he does not venture to
refer to them himself but must have
resource to tbe subterfuge of publishing them under Hardie's auspices.
Puttee once took exception to our
charitably assuming that his peculiar
lties were due to the fact that the
Lord had made him an ass. We take it
all back. We never knew an ass to
lie and even an ass is reputed to have
the rudiments of courage sufficiently
to do his own lying If he did.
In the I. W W. free speech fight
In Spokane, tbe powers that be are
going the limit. The "Industrial
Worker" has been confiscated on a
charge of libel. Some four hundred
men are In the jails, some of them being sentenced to six months for attempting to read out the constitution
on the soap box. Many women have
been arrested and are reported to
have been brutally treated. While the"
men are subjected to the various
forms of refined physical torture common to the American jails.
Recently Socialism waa the subject
under discussion ln the British House
of Lords, and the discussion was certainly Illuminative of the crass ignorance of that highly educated body.
The only one who said anything worth
noting was the Archbishop of York,
who consoled himself with the statement that "while Marxian Socialism
Is logical, the English people are not."
At the next meeting of the Dominion Executive, a date will be set for
the drawing to take place, so If you
want a chance at this Library of Original Sources, get busy now. This
work would be a valuable addition
to any Local's Library. Comrades
who have tickets to sell should return the stubs to this office'as soon
as possible.
Tickets $1.00 each.
Chas H. Kerr's latest publication ls
the "History of the Great American
Fortunes" by Gustavas Myers, and If
the first volume Is any criterion, lt is
one of the best things they have published. Comrade Myers has evidently
devoted a great deal of painstaking
care to the verification of his facts, and
he is most scrupulous in avoiding any
statements which he cannot support
by documentary evidence.
One of the chief merits of the book
is that not only does the author expose the devious aud unscrupulous methods by which these fortunes have*
been built up but shows up clearly the
economic and social conditions of
which these methods are tbe Inevitable
and proper consequence.
Com Meyers' errors are only of a
minor character. On the currency
question he Ib open to some crticlsm,
and he is sometimes ambiguous in (he
matter of taxation, but though he uses
rather too frequently such phrases as
"the people's land" and "the people's
money," his viewpoint is distinctly proletarian and his understanding of economics seems a good deal clearer than
ls the case with most of our economists with International reputations.
The first volume deals with Conditions in Settlement and Colonial Times
and with the Great Land Fortunes. The
second and third volumes are to deal
with the Great Railroad Fortunes and
are expected to be ready In January
and February. The price is $1.50 a
volume and Kerr & Co., are offering
the three volumes for $3.50 for advance
orders. We have no hesitation in recommending the book. Their address
is now 112 Kinzle Street, Chicago.
The theory of organic evolution has
been so firmly established, in the
light oft empirical science, as practically to compel the assent of every informed and open mind. High dignitaries of the church have been persuaded of its truth; and some of them
have made extraordinary attempts to
show that the Mosaic account of creation coincides in every main particular with the revelations of modern
science. These attempts have not
been very convincing. They nevertheless afford interesting evidence of the
decay of superstition, and the extent
of Its replacement by more rational
conception of the universe.
The evidence in support of the belief that the various forms of life upon the earth gradually evolved from
lower forms, ls very conclusive. Darwin supplied almost every link In the
chain of evidence required to establish
beyond cavil the fact of man's growth
or evolution from a lower stage in the
scale of life. Whatever gaps he left
have since been filled by later scientists. Man's kinship with the animal
world, and his Immediate descent from
the higher primates—the anthropoid
ape8—are no longer mattera of controversy among scientists. They command universal acceptation.
And just as man has descended (or
if you like, asended) from the higher
anthropoids, so they in their turn
may be traced through still lower
animal forms, until we arrive at the
lowest organism to be found upon the
earth,.- the "unicellular protist"
(Haeckel). It Is only fair to say, however, that here we meet with an obstacle. The origin of life upon this
planet has not yet been satisfactorily
explained. This is not to affirm, mark
you, that no explanation ls possible.
Only that so far as we have gone, our
knowledge will not solve us this riddle.
A necessary postulate of this theory
of man's ceaseless evolution from the
simple to the complex, and his eternal advancement towards yet higher
things, Ib his continued progress tn
the future towards the goal of perfection. But while we may believe in
the ultimate perfectibility of mankind,
we must not assume too hastily that
at any given moment mankind Is happier, nobler, wiser than mankind has
ever been before. Human progress
appears to consist more In a succession of waves, which flow on, then recede, to gather Impetus tor yet another forward surge of the tide, which
again draws back, to repeat the process indefinitely. Or If you prefer
It this way: Progress follows an undulating, ascending line (George), the
trend of which is ever upward, and
which always registers a mean gain,
yet the undulations carry us far below, as well as above the point of
mean advance.
Apparent contradictions to the
theory of continuous human progression disappear In the light of this
theory. We all know that there is
more misery In the world today than
there was two hundred years ago. The
Iron heel of capitalism grinds the
faces of the poor more cruelly than
did the heel of any previous despot-
Ism. Capitalism breeds poorer specimens of humanity than feudalism did.
Chattel slavery saw to It that the
unlit did not procreate too abundantly- But capital careB not for the
physique of Its slaves. A machine will
produce the wealth, granted only a
pair of hands to tend the machine.
So the capitalist cares not what kind
of a body accompanies those hands.
No skill nor strength is needed to
move a -shuttle back and forth; or to
take a lard can from beneath a spout,
and put another In Its place. " Neither
does the capitalist care how long his
slaves live. He does net want them
after they are forty, anyway, indeed
the position of the average working-
man may be contrasted unfavorably
with the position of any barbarian of
the wild. For the savage, having free
access to the bounties of nature,
knows that if he be hungry, he will
not be hungry long. Experience assures him that night will not fall
without bringing some deer or other
form of game within reach of his weapons. But the civilized wage-slave
may only eat so long as he has .a job.
Let him lose that, and he knows not
when he may eat again. Sometimes
he gets so few chances to eat, after
losing his job, that he gives up the
ghost in despair. Every jobless workingman knows that every meal he
misses renders the possibility of his
getting another job more remote. His
power to labor, that most perishable
of commodities, deteriorates. He becomes unemployable. Two million are
In this' position in Great Britain today. Do you realize what that means?
A mass of humanity, exceeding ln
number a third ot the population of
Canada, relies upon charity for sustenance from day to day. There is
no place for these people in the
scheme of thinga. oociety does not
want them, and would prefer that they
were dead.
It ls possibly true that this unemployed army ls formed of the least
efficient among the workers. That is
not the point. The point is that it
exists; and forms a picture of misery
In which there gleams no ray of hope.
But let us remember that the darkest hour Is just before the dawn. The
wave seems to have receded far this
time. Perhaps it is preparing for a
mighty surge ahead, that shall, in its
onward rush, sweep this misery with
Its accursed cause, capitalism, deep
into the blackest pit Of, oblivion. Let
us solace ourselves with the reflection
that surely we have touched the lowest point in our undulating line, and
when once the upward roll commences,
never again shall humanity sound the
depths of wretchedness It has sounded under the evil dominance of capitalism. When competition, with its
Inevitable fostering of the beast-like
qualities In men shall have pos8ed
away forever, mankind may progress
to heights as yet undreamed of.
The prospect is very fair. We call
lt Socialism.—A. Percy Chew, ln The
Socialist Directory
Every  Local  of  the  Socillist  PartT  of ' &OCAX  POST  MOODY
■ should  run • card under this head       ■•  T.  ot  O.—Business
Canada  si
11.00 pet month.
this  head
Secretaries please note.
DOMi-rio-f j-x-sct-Trv-- comm-tthb,
Socialist Party ot Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday, D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 838, Vancouver,
B. C.
bbitish   ooiitrmiA   nora-pxAx
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meeta every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary.
Box 836. Vancouver, B. C.
lUMti   rmOTt-sTOXAL   »«BCT-TIT»
Commlttee, Socialist Party ot Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement In the prov-
F.   Oxtoby,    Sec, Box     647      Calgary, Alta.
„   tj--t--> — *>., no. st.
o >- — "'—Business meetings fl-af
Sunday in each month. J V. Hu?l
Secretary. Port Moody. B. C.
LOCAL MOTX*-, B. O., VO. 30—«*IM
H.8ny ,iu.nday 7ri30 P'm IrTMoOregw
Secretafv""'1'   Pa,°'   Mrs'   ThornTe"
.vvmu auBBbUTB. Vo. as. a T or o
meets In Miners' Hall ewy sSdaf £?
7:30 p m. . E. Campbelr, B«sy7." V o
S» t.'ii' *-,R?s"!.and. Finnish * Branch
?3£5, 1™?iAla2<JeE? "If1"' Sundays at
m^ianti'c:1'- SeC,r" P' ° B<"
z-ooA-c, inuw, 1.1. 01 a, mum
every Friday evening at Tp!m~*n
Kfters 3""' Ne'»on" B. C. Fro!
Phillips, Organiser; I. A. Austin, Seoy
KutoosA    raoraroiAi.    inou-
tlve Committee. Meets first ana third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. Saltzman, Room IS, Harrison Block, Winnipeg, Man,
oxtabio noYnroxAXi -raouxirs
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St.. Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Mondays. Organizer, W. Gribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave. G. Colombo,
Italian Orennlzer. 224 Chestnut St.
tlve' Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKin-
non's, Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Box  13, Glace Bay,  N.  S.
Here is a definition of Socialism that
won flrst prize out of 534 competitors
In England recently. It Is by the Rev.
W. B. Graham, who lost his living
through preaching Socialism. He Ib
now on the list of Socialist speakers In
"A world-wide movement toward
universal order; co-operation and
brotherhoci, in place of the present
disorder, competition and selfish exclu-
slveness; which seeks to express itself
politically and industrially by substituting the principle of democratic public ownership for public welfare, in
place of private ownership for private
profit, in the industries and conduct of
the nations of the world."
The definition that secured second
prize Is as follows. It was by Norman
H. Gantyer, of Leeds, Eng.:
"Socialism is the death of supply
and demand, the burial of monopolies
and trusts, the resurrection of the
Sermon on the Mount, and the ascension of all those principles which found
expression ln the life of the Carpenter
of Nazareth."—The Lance.
This paper Is mailed to every subscriber every Friday morning. Once In
a blue moon, sometimes twice, we fall
down and are a day late. But If you
don't get It every week with reasonable regularity make sure your sub.
has not expired and then go and have
a session with you Postmaster. If that
brings no results try the P. O. Inspector, Vancouver. B. C.
If you want a bound volume of the
Clarion for 1909 you had better order
now. Only as many volumes as are
ordered will be bound. .Last year a
number of Comrades got left by not
ordering in time.
Price $2.50.
Jos   tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niln tilatkaa kohta.
Box I87, Port Arthur, Oil.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Mikiaa ilsMatui, $1-50 viMlkwtt
"VmiIiiIm" Mikua, $1.15
local vancotjveb, ho. i, a. p. or
Canada. Business meetings every
TueHay evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
looax me-unx, vo. s. a. r. o*r o.
meets eref*- Sunday at s:M p.", ft
MUtx nranaraix,  alta- mo. s—
SmS^'u h3n*" -.-.'!• "ecretarr's log
w"?Jc'«JIaJd"°,rabble„Rancn' " «>"••
West of Bowden. Business meetings
twice • month. Capitalism vs. Social-
JLm.co,ntlnu.a ljr oelD* debated by the
general public and members of tho
Local. . Sky pilots and flunkey poltl-
clans cordially Invited to call and par-
tlcipate In the sport   Secretary. S. W.
•MOAL OALOA-ST, ALTA, VO. 4, 8. **.
»» i_ HeeVnf" "UKY Sunday at 8
\n5l& Jhe "i,ab?r Ha"' Barber Block,
i-lgnth Ave. E. (near nns*ntn„At    r-i..k
*>    ..-■ —„tn«ar postofflce).    	
Reading Room,     Labor Hatl, D. A
Box 647,     ~
an<    _
McLean,     „.
donald, Organizer,
Box 647.
I. A.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
C, Stubbs, Secy.
LOOAL   VANCOUVEK,   B.   C,    VO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 161
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Matt Martina.
LOOAL VICTORIA,  VO. 3,  8.  P.  OP O.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening. 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre. Jas. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St.
LOCAL VAVAXHO, VO. 3, 8. P. of 0.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock]
Jack Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box  826.
LOOAL   PSBVXB,   8.   P.   of  O,   X0LB8
educational meetings tn the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting flrst Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec.  Box 164.
C., meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month     Geo   Hra'herton,  Organizer: R   J
Campbell, Secretary, Box 124.
LOOAL TBVVOV, B. O, VO. 38, 8. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
ln Timmins' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Kdgar Smith, Secretary, Vernon. B. CT
P.   of  O.     Propaganda   and   business
meetings at 8 p. m., the fourth Thurs
day of each month "in lodge 'room' over
old post offlce. near opera_house.    *'
  Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer
LOOAL     PBZVOB     BOP8BT,     B.     O,
meets every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various halls. J. B.
King, Secretary.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave
Parker. Williams. See, Ladysmith, B. C
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     VO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night in the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socla'lst
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
P. of C.    Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m.,6i>Firvt s-. Busness  nnd  propaganda •
meetings combined.    J.   R.  Huntbacn,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrle,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-3 Adelaide Street
opp.Roblin Hotel. Husinessmeetlngevery
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummfngs, Organizer. Secretary, Jas. Thomson, 664
Agnes St.
lish   Branch. Business    meetings
every second and fourth Thursdays In
each month, at Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide St. W. Speakers' Class meets
every Tuesday at 134 Hogarth Ave.
Will. R. Hubert, Recording Secretary,
42 Beverley St.
LOCAL  OTTAWA, VO.  8,  8.  P.  OP O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday tn
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Roberts-
Allan Hall, 78 Rideau St. A. J. Mc-
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
LOOAL   COBALT,   VO.   S,   8.   P.  OP   0.
Propaganda and business meeting*
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miner*'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley. Seoy., Box 441.
LOCAL   SBBLXV,   OVT.,   VO.   ♦,   8.   P.
of C, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 61
King St. B.. opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 61 Weber St. E.
LOCAL   HOSTSSAI,   QVB.,   VO.   1,   8.
P. of O—Meets in Labor Hall. St
Dominique street. Sunday* at 3 p. m
Headquarters No. 1 St Charles Bor-
romee St. Leo jacks . .Secretary, 75 i-f
St   Catherines W.
Business and Propaganda meeting
•very Thursday at 8 p.m. ln Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland, Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G.
Ross, Financial Secretary, office ln D.
N. Brodle Printing Co. building, Union
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Exeoutlve Board Member Wm. Davidson, 8andon
President    ,-•-.., Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Vice-President Thee. J. McKay, Greenwood
Secretary-Treasurer A. Shilland, Sanden
No.     Name            Meeting           Pre». Sec'y.               r.O.            Add.
_         Night -                                                    Box
Atlln   .;	
Camborne ...
Orand Fork*.
Greenwood  ..
8. U.
8 Phoenix
Rossland   ...
Sllverton  ....
Trail MAM.
■ |C. Qalrns	
Wm. Wlnslow James TObln	
Patrick'O'Connor |w. K. Hadden	
Charles Birce.....Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T.  H.   Rotherham.
Mike McAndr«ws.. H. T. Rainbow....
!oe Armstrong A. E. Carter.
'•red Mellette...
B. Lundln-	
Malcolm  McNeill.
R. MltcMc	
R. 811 verthorn....
J. A. McKinnon...
L. R. Mclnnls....
Robert Malroy....
Blair Carter	
O. B. Mcintosh...
Wm. Heaketh	
Chas.  Short..
J.  Hays  ....
latnea Roberts.
Hiuti     1. in.   nn»n
W*d IA. Burgesi..
F. Phillip*
W. A. Plckard...
A.  Shilland	
Fred Llebscher...
D. a O'Neal 11...
T. T. Rutherford..
F. D. Hardy.....
W.   B.   Molsaac.
Orand  Forks
Kaalo    .
Slocan City
881 Van And*
Hand-Made Bopts and  Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly aud neatly
ly done.    Stock  of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
I486 Wtitnlaiter Avi.
We aolici- the business of Manufacturers*
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
byExocrts. Prellmlnaryadvlcefree. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
remiest Marion fit Marion, New York Life Btdg,
Uoutrcal:    n-i Washington, D.C, U.S.A-
60   YEARS'
Trade Maaks
Copyrights Ac-
Anyone lending m skeloh and description rqaj
cnicitly ascertain our opinion free^wnetliBr mi
tiiTeiittnn ts     """"	
UoiiB strictly
■tint freb. Oh
Patent* taken IftfOUL    ......
iptcial notici, without chars*, In tbe
Scientific American.
A handsomely lllnstrated weekly. T.nnrest elr-
"ultttinn ot any 4clei.tll)o Jourosl. Terms, $.1 a
ear -four months, $1. Sold by all newsdealers.
o.sbib,..,!-.,. New York
net. MS F SL. Wal'llnatun.D.C
Propaganda Meeting
'     Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
Gity Hall
Vancouver     l B. G. i '  ■
41»*4 «* '*#» • "• ■ lri-HM||B'l - JC, -...
Tb!" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies wlll be furnished Locals
ty Executive Committees at the Sol-
lowing prices:
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $6.00
Membership Cards, each    01
Cues Stamps, each '..... x .11
Platform  and  application  blank '
per 100     .15
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto in Ukrainian, per 100 60
Ditto in Italian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each ....... 20
Ditto, Finnish, per dosen 50
I ._«_
Dear Comrade,—As a close and Interested reader of our paper, 'The
Western Clarion," I have been both
amused and Interested at the various
■views expressed by my comrades as to
the best means of putting the Clarion
on a paying basis. When I look at
the "Socialist Directory" contained
therein and see the number of Locals
who subscribe to have their cards
printed weekly, and then compare that
with the number of Locals which exist. (I do not know how many Locals
there are ln the Dominion, but I should
think, as a conservative estimate, that
there are at least 100.) In the last
issue of the Clarion, December 11th, I
find that outside of the Dominion and
Provincii.I executive committees, that
there Is a grand (?) totaj of 27 Locals
who are willing to pay $1.00 per month
towards the upkeep of their paper.
This Is ajdisgrace to the S. P. of C.
Now, taking my estimate of 100 Locals,
subtract from that our actual subscribing number of 27, and we have a difference of 73, or, in other words, $73
per month. Some Locals perhaps do
not subscribe owing to the fact they
have no regular meeting place, but
this should not deter them, because
at any rate, the name and address of
their secretary and organizer should
be given, so that if a Clarion came
into the hands of any person in their
neighborhood who became interested,
by turning to the directory they could
see the address of those to whom they
could apply personally for further information. Then again it ls quite possible that a speaker may be In their
district who would be able and willing
to address a meeting for them but
would be unable to do so (that is,
under tbe auspices of the Local), because he may not be able to find the
officers of the Local, in fact he may
not know that a Local existed there.
Regarding other Locals who have
not even this frail excuse, I can only
surmise that lt must be for want of
thought, otherwise if our comrades
gave lt serious thought, they would inevitably discover that It would be the
best monthly investment from a party
point of view that they could make.
! Now then, comrades, what are you
going to do about, it? It is up to you.
Just think what a difference that $73
per month would make to our little
paper! I am pleased to Bee the subs,
keep rolling in, but I want to see
either an 8-page Clarion or else a biweekly, and It's' up to us. If we only
do our share, we can get lt.
I should like to see some other comrade express himself in the Clarion
on this matter, whether agreeable or
adverse. I want every comrade to
know the way I view this matter, and
I am hopeful of great results.
"  ' '"BY-—>	
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 25c, by mail
—Merrie England- Britain for the
British,. Blatchford. 20c. each by
mail,   Slid lor Citilogie.
tjr-:     ... . .    ' '
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Dauphin, Man.
Comrade Editor:—
We had Comrade Fulcher organizing
and educating this district for about
two weeks, the result was not bad
considering the weather. He lectured
three nights ln the town, once at Lis-
towel and_pnce at Valley River, where
a local of seven members was formed.
The rest of his time was spent in
educating us duffers in economics.
Sunday, Dec. 5th, four members Including the writer accompanied Com.
Fulcher to Llstowel school, a distance
of 10 miles. A blizzard had set In
the Wednesday before and still continued to blow, snow drifts six feet deep
dotted the trail and in some places
formed a bank half a mile long. The
Writer was teamster and had very
little snow wading to do. Com. Flucher
being lame also stayed ln the cutter,
but the other Comrades had to break
the trail through snow above their
walstB. By two o'clock we reached
the farm nearest the school and
learned that a skypllot had reached
this farm in the early morning intending to jireach at the school house,
but the blizzard had taken the grit
out of him so they got no preaching at
Llstowel that day.
It was our intention of forming a
Local in Llstowel and we should have
done so had the weather been good,
but we got about ten good listeners in
spite of the weather. As it was impossible to return home that night we
stayed with Comrade Hassard of the
Willow Dairy Farm. On Monday we
made tracks for Dauphin (they were
deep tracks too). The blizzard had
not let up, and the trail was in a worse
condition than on Sunday. There is
not one of us that will forget that
drive, before we reached town we had
broken a whiffletree and several bits
of harness, lamed one horse and I got
two fingers frozen slightly. Better
luck at Llstowel next time I hope, but
we'll get that Local if we have to
lame the other horse.
Friday Dec 10th. the writer accompanied Co. Fulcher to Valley River, we
caught the 16:20 train but remained
in Dauphin station till after 19 o'clock,
as the engine was frozen up. At the
Valley we had a two mile walk foi
the school house, but the results of
this meeting was ahead of any of the
others. Over twenty hard-headed Interested farmers listened intently to
Fulcher's lecture and asked many intelligent questions, by midnight a
local of seven members had been
formed which is likely to be the
strongest rural Local in .Manitoba. The
meeting shut down about 1 o'clock.
After a long walk Ed. and I sat down
to a well-earned supper between 2
and 3 a. m. tn the morning, but I
guess Ed. would go without his supper
every night if he could form a Local
by doing so.
Comrade Hester Beach, passed away
Dec 6th after twenty years work for
Socialism. Although only .being a
member of the S. P. of C. for a. short
time, her work In this district has not
been without fruits. Seventeen years
ago she lost the whole of her family
consisting of 5 children from 1 to 13
years old, they went for a boat ride
on the still waters of Lake Dauphin
and never returned. Her---widowed
husband Is also a member of this
Local, and although getting on In
years, he Is still ready to do for Socialism that which he did for Capital
Ism years ago up the Nile. Comrade
Beach also leaves two young daugh
Yours   for  the  Revoluton,
-     JA«S. LEE
Phone 6881 413 Prior Street
Vancouver, B.C.
(Olds District.)
To the slaves who voted on November 23rd for Socialism or for capitalism I desire to express my admiration and respect.
To any who voted for a political
job or to extend the life of one now
held, my scorn and contempt.
Tp any. who voted for LOVE or
HATE of the RESPECTIVE CANDIDATES, my pity and profound sympathy.
Your comrade slave in revolt,
Hardscrabble Ranch, Alta.,, December 18th, 1909.
I want to say a word on behalf of
Montreal Local No. 1, and incidentally
of the East. The Westerners have a
bad Impression of the movement here,
and I wish them to do the same for
us as they ask the unconverted to>lo
for Socialism; that Ib, give us a show.
Before a man can be awakened to
his position in the great labor movement, he must be attracted and educated. I believe that we are doing
that. Some comrades are unable to
understand which process we are
working on, and they deem the movement small and our tactics bad. To
such I would say that were they in
Montreal for a month, they would
abandon the cause as hopeless; yet
we bave men here who have been
ostracised by friends, tabooed hy
wives'and famines, batoned by police,
black-listed by bosses, excommunicated by the church and literally stoned
by Clarion correspondents. And, in
spite of this, they work, work, work for
the cause, often unable to explain to
each other, owing to the difference in
language. Their hearts go into the
warm handshake, and the word comrade. I know of one comrade here,
a nine years' wonder, believe me. If
he only had the same forces to meet
as are met ln some of the Western
towns, the Socialist cause would be
an accomplished fact.
Comrades, quit your sneering, get
your noses down and keep a stiff upper lip. The battle in the East is not
lost; our end will be kept up. The
flame of revolution is alight in the eyes
of a bunch of the bravest, boldest, most
intelligent Socialists that ever graced
the glorious cause. Our fight is somewhat different to yours. You rarely
see your bosses. Those of the capitalists who claim to be Canadians live
in Montreal. The suction pipes are
laid down in the West, and the mouthpiece is here. The surplus of your
labor product is drawn from you and
some of lt is consumed here. Consequently we have a great "menial
class," as Kautsky calls it; an abundance of lawyers, doctors, coachme'n,
servants, upholsterers, clerks, and
male ladies-costumiers. This is also
the dumping-ground for all nations.
We have an overdose of extremely
poor and extremely rich, and seventy-
four million dollars worth of churches,
with their complement of priests,
operating against us. One-half the
city (the French-speaking) dare not
listen to us for fear ot {he priest's
wrath. We have as many walking delegates fighting us as you have voters
in Nanaimo.
Now, boys, sum up. Very rich, very
poor, nomads and menials, the priest-
ridden and the labor fakirs. Tell me
how we can get a Socialist organization to survive such overwhelming ignorance. In spite of this, we have
five branches in four languages, a
headquarters and leases on two large
halls for every Sunday. Boys, don't
look at the local coloring and framing; look at the fact and take heart.
If we don't come up to your standard,
tell us so—don't sling mud- We can
stand the vinegar of the capitalists, the
slime of the church, the Ignorance of
the mass, but your intolerance sort of
knocks the sand out of us. We couldn't
help it raining when Gribble came, and
both Flgg and I promise not to "succeed in getting on the soap box" at
Toronto again. We have stitt wll-
that we'll sign the pledge against
clergymen and fakirs. I want to say,
comrades, that Stltt Wilson was O.K.
I can't help being a Socialist. My
father was one, snd my grandfather
was a chartist and for 12 years I've
read everything I could lay my hands
on concerning Socialism, from the
Clarion to Marx's "Capital." I have
lent more books ln Montreal than
would fill a decent library. I know
Socialism when I hear it, and Stltt
Wilson delivered the goods. I don't
think there's "much ln it" as regards
money. I know he got less from us
than Orlbble, Simpson, Haywood, Desmond and others that we have had
here. Comrades, next time you think
of us, ask yourself If It's fair to hurt
men who are speaking in the streets
of Montreal In mid-December, struggling against fearful odds, all for the
sake of Socialism. Think how hard it
is to keep faith when so many old
stagers are drifting away, to give up
hours and.hours every week and dollar after dollar. Some of us, like myself with wife and babies to keep
on an uncretaln 12 dollars per week,
but we are confident we shall win-
Leisure and pleasure shall be free,
hardship and hunger shall go. We
work and wait for the revolution. A
good word will help; abuse only hln
ders.    So, let's cut lt out!
On Sunday last the members of the
Vancouver local held their usual economic class and there was a large attendance. The subject under discussion was the last chapter of'Value,
Price and Profit and it provided much
controversy. .Some "of the members
maintaining with much show of reason
that the last paragraph of the book
contradicted much that the author
had before advanced.
After the economic class, Comrade
Steadman gave a paper on Heredity.
Steadman is an original thinker but
has the/ faculty of expressing himself
in an ambiguous manner. This Comrade provides more food for debate
than all the other members of the
local combined, because they disagree
as to his meaning and when he tries
to explsin he becomes more ambiguous
than ever and mental pandemonium
reigns amongst the boys. On Sunday,
however, Comrade Dreaver who occupied the chair, induced Steadman to
read his paper and express himself
much more clearly than usual. Stead-
man's argument was to the effect that
no such thing as heredity existed. He
accepted Haeckeis bio-genetic law but
maintained that the different stages
passed through in the womb were experienced in different environments
and if a female, while carrying young,
happened to pass through the same
environment as the embryo had experienced before, It would be reflected In the offspring. This was the cause
of so-called atavism and other things.
Next Sunday the flrst book of Capital
will be commenced.
Members and friends are requested
to be in attendance early.
Dear Comrade,—As things in this
little burg are, slow from a Socialist
point of view, I thought I would wake
things up a little, and as our ever-
ready comrade, C. M. O'Brien, is always on deck, we had him speak here
on the 14th to a good crowd, considering the size of the town, and also
never having had a Socialist speaker
here before.
Charley should have been in bed instead of speaking, as he was badly
used up with the grippe. However,
he furnished the goods in true red
Sold a few manifestos. Enclosed
find one dollar for a renewal of an
old subscriber who got woke out of
his sleep on the 14th.
Yours for the red,
Demand  Cigars  Bearing this Label
not Amafl-i
"Union-made Cigars. ,, •,, ^ ,
I   ^«mr-i--i-jMMittm^-^mvi--ii-«oinVc-j?fiW«i^        i
|..«s»C-»qlsi«sss^aii-^j_ilJ»«jajll.__-_j_t j
|      I J»*»l
-31 ml i|-»l»
' W GUk*K4. hrmkst,
Which Standi for a Living Wage
Vancouver Local 367.
Manifesto by the  Labor Party.
"The great question you are asked
to decide," says the Labor party's elec- \
tion manifesto, "is whether thevPeers
or the People are lo rule this country." ,
After referring to the mutilation or
destruction of Important measures by
the House of Lords, lt proceeds: "This
Irresponsible body, which represents
nothing but Its own class Interests,
now claims the right to decide what
taxes shall be paid, upon whom they
shall be levied, and for what purpose
they shall be spent. It also claims to
dictate the date at which Parliament
shall be dissolved. The time has
come to put an end to its power to
override the will of the Commons.
"The country has allowed landowners to pocket millions of pounds every
year in the shape of unearned increment, and yet they object to pay a
small tax u>on what In justice should
belong to the state. They wish at all
costs to preserve their power to plunder the people.
"The Labor party welcomes this opportunity to prove that the feudal age
ls past, and that the people are no
longer willing to live on the sufferance
of the Lords. The issues you have to
decide are simple. Our present system of lend ownership has devastated
our countryside, and Imposed heavy
burdens upon our Industries, has
cramped the development of out-
towns, and has crippled capital and im
poverlshed Labor. The Ixirds must
Having dealt with the Labor party's
pledges and how they have been carried out, the manifesto outlines Its
program, wnlch includes:—The right
to work, the poor law to be broken
up and pauperism abolished, old age
pensions to be extended and Increased
on their present non-contributory
basis, and restrictions on the franchise
including the sex bar to be swept
50c per year
Two for a dollar
,  Six months 26c.
Published et Cowansville, l'.<J.
The anniversary of the birth ' of
Christ ls drawing nigh, and the Christian people will assemble ln their respective houses of worship to listen
to the oratory ot eloquent ministers,
who will pay their tributes to the lowly Nazarene. Beautiful sentences will
drop from the lips of the preachers
and the members of churches will be
exhortedito follow ln the footsteps of
the perfect Man who was born in a
stable more than nineteen hundred
years ago. The most flowery encom-
ius of praise wlll he showered upon the
Han whom a ruling class persecuted
and ultimately condemned to die upon
a cross between two thieves. The
history of His thirty-three years' pilgrimage on earth will be told, in the
hope that the great mass of. the people will lift their eyes from the material things of life and focus their
vision on the mansions beyond the
The poverty of Christ will be painted, in the hope that men and women
who feel the grip of the skeleton fingers of want will bear their misery
with the fortitude and the resignation
of the Man who ls said to have suffered and died to redeem a world
from sin and hell.
But tn this day and age of graft and
greed, were it possible for this perfect
Man to again appear .upon the earth
and preach Che doctrines that He propagated nineteen centuries ago, the ruling .class of the twentieth century
would rise in its indignation and
wrath and demand tbat a judicial tribunal should send Him to a prison
or a scaffold.
"(Peace on earth, good will to men"
will be proclaimed from pulpits on
Christmas Day, but there can be no
peace" or good will" under the hellish
system that grinds human flesh into
"Peace on earth, good will to men"
must sound like a mockery when men
and women of intelligence comprehend that the world ls a standing
army, equipped with weapons of mur.
der to shed human blood ln support
of a system that puts profit above
humanity. Gatling guns, bristling
bayonets and cannon upon the land,
and iron monsters floating the waves,
wlll scarcely convince thinking men
and women that "peace on earth, good
will to men'' means anything in the
morning ot the twentieth century,
when MIGHT is RIGHT and GOLD Is
What does "peace on earth, good
will to men" mean to the widows and
orphans of Cherry, Illinois, whose
loved ones were sacrificed to glut the
appetite of heartless greed?
What does "peace on earth, good
will to men" mean to the hungry
armies ln the large cities of this country standing ln the bread lines at midnight, waiting for the crumbs that fall
from the hands of professional charity?
What does "peace on earth, good will
to men" mean to the two millions of
child-slaves imprisoned in mills and
factories, whose labor garbs in Bilk
and satin the "smart set," those "pillars of society," who, like kings, "can
do no wrong?"
What does "peace on earth, good
will to men" mean to the 500,000
women who are branded as social outcasts, and against whom the doors of
respectability and opportunity are
' What does "peace on earth, good
wlll to men" mean to the countless
thousands who are slowly starving to
death through an Industrial system
that puts one man In a palace and a
multitude ln hovels?
"Peace on earth, good wlll to men
will mean nothing to the human race
nutll  all mankind   shall   collectively
own the earth and its machines of production snd distribution.
When the doors of equal opportunity
are opened wide to every man, woman
and child that inhabits the earth, then
and not till then, will "peace on earth,
good will to men" prevail on this
planet.—Miners' Magazine.
Jlfore and Tfow
The fate of the "Labor'' candidate
at New Westminster at the late elections seems to bear out the assertion
that only to the straight revolutionary
dope will the proletariat rise.
Many complaints were made last
year because so much space was taken
up In the Clarion with reports of tbe
work of the Socialist M.P.P.'s at Victoria tbat often there was little room
left for anything else. The only way
to get over that difficulty ls for the
party to issue two editions each week
during the session- As before stated,
one issue An be used for the purpose
ot dealing with the products of the
law shop, the other to be published on
Saturday as now and containing the
regular Party news, etc.. It will not
be necessary to print reports in BOTH
papers, for all subscribers will be In
receipt of both copies wc-titl**.; To do
this,, however, will depend on the
amount of new subscriptions that-will
come In from now on. Bri»g this matter up to yonr Local at next meeting—
or call a special one—and form a plan
of campaign with the object of pushing the paper's circulation, and incidentally of showing the worker*.- .In -
your town and neighborhood what old.
party politicians do for labor and also
what fools the workers made ot/tkem-
selves when they neglected sending a
majority of their tribe to write the
law. Your vote next election will depend on what you do NOW!
• •' •
Comrade J. Harrington, Fernle, B.C.,   ,
pops in again with a pair.
»   *   •
Two yearlies from Revelstoke, B. C,
per Comrade H. N. Coursler.
«   •   •
Two renewals, his own and another,
were handed in by Comrade F. Perry,
Vancouver, B. C.
• .   »
Also two yearlles from Comrade
James Cartwright, South Wellington,
B. C.
«   *   *
A list of four and a promise of more
to hand from Comrade J. H. Bur-
rough, Ladysmith, B. C.
• •   «
Local Nelson pays upon card and
bundles per Comrade I. A. Austin and
complains of having lost some bundles,
owing to the class-conscious 'discrimination of their local postofflce. The'
future will probably show these petty
officials that it would bave been better had they carried out the precepts
of that old saw, "Do unto others," etc.
. •   • *
Confrade D. Galloway, Vancouver,
B. ft, drops in with two renewals and
a new yearly.
• •   *
Two yearlies and a request for a
rustler's sub. receipt book from Comrade J. B. King, Prince Rupert, B. C.
• •   •
Local Nanaimo pays up its Clarion
account and sends for 50 membership
cards per Comrade Jack Place.
• '   '.
Comrade Andrew White, Nanalmo,
B. C, encloses a new sub- with his
own renewal and orders a bundle for
himself of five a week    for    twenty
• •    *
A  pair  from  Winnipeg,  Man.,    arrives per Comrade R. P. Matthews.
•   •   *
Comrade J. S. Odegaard, Entwistle,
Alta.,  renews  hla  weekly  bundle of
«   .   .
Local Philadelphia, Pa., of the Socialist Party of U. S- A., orders a
bundle of six Clarions weekly per
Comrade George N. Cohen.
• •   *
The cost of the Clarion In small
bundles Is one cent per copy per Issue.
A bundle of live per week costing Ave
cents per week, and so on.
• •   •
Comrade Lestor, Vancouver, B. C,
hits the trail this wok with another
bunch of seven scalps.
Comrade W. Woodhouse, New York,
gives two victims in Manchester, Eng.,
a chance  to Btudy the    Clarion    for
twelve weeks, when It Is hoped they
will ask for more.
neighbors,  send  for..a bundle of
"Rofcotchyf Narod"
the organ of tha Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a yea,f
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
Edllor Western Clarion,—Am glad
to note that so many of your correspondents take the slralght side on
the exploitation point. When a united
working class fully understands that
the only point of exploitation of their
class Is at the point of production—
the hiring out as wage-earners—then
capitalism wlll not have a>eg to stand
The Clarion Is doing good work.
Only last week a fellow of the "better
class" with a black cigar in his mouth
called the Clarion a dirty sheet, and
me an Ignoramus, and I noticed an
extra flow cf blood went to his head.
This will exhilarate his brain to the
exercise of new thoughts, and after
awhile we will have a*hlghly cultivated   and   philosophical   "better  class."
When any one uses God, religion
nationalities or scurillous personalities
to brow-beat .an opponent, It Is a. pretty good sign that they are out "of |
other arguments, and we as economic
students do not need to be'alarmed;
Fraternally yours,
Are you still after that sub? If you
are, don't let up; lt Is necessary /or
your own good that you catch him.
Following did the needful since last
report: W- Green, Toronto, Ont,; A.
Shilland, Sandon, n. ft; *G. Stewart,
Toronto, Ont.; .lohn Johnson. Van- ■
couver, B. ft; P. Waram, Vancouver,
B. C; Wm. Maxwell, Cumberland, B.
ft; W. Stafford, South Wellington,
B. ft! C. J. Wataon, Winnipeg, Man.;
J. L. Thornley, Moyie. R. ft; K. Stas-
dln, Roblin, Man.; A. Farmilo. Toronto, Ont.; H. Colllngwood, North Battleford, Sask.; W. D. Kyle, Strome,
Alta.; ft H. Finley, Cowlchan Station,
B. ft; E. Upton, Read Island, B. ft;
A. Reid, Victoria, B. ft; J^t). Cameron,
Hamilton, Out.; Alex. Gondron, Vancouver, B. ft;  Frjank Phillips, Nelson,
>   •
One dollar received from some comrade for a sub., but no name, place or
address   given.     Letter    was    dated
[December 10th, 1909.   Was it Comrade
Thomas, Quesnel, B. ft? ■^■^■^■^^^
1 The capitalist system was conceived
in iniquity.' The capitalist class began
theiV System of exploitation With the
proceeds of piracy and the divorce of
the serf from-the soil. It commenced
' with _the_ sale of the ewe lamb of the
worker—the commodity labor-power,
..wijlch jjf was bound to sell when the
landilrwajj taken from under him in order to live, for labor-power Is a perishable ccrajmodity.
, ,'.'He,t)>at is being robbed misses not
that which he is robbed of.
I   i'iet him not know it and he's not
robbed at all."
'Su'shys Shakespeare, and it Is pretty"1 near ifHe mark.
- The'Slave was under the impression
that »*"w6rked altogether for nothing.
He re^hlVed good shelter and cloth-
ir&'^d'.'cdnsldered It nothing.
"-TUfe wage-slave gets just the same
fcndc,calls- It wages. The worker be-
HeWHe gets paid for his labor. He
(inly <gets 'paid for his labor-power.
'•SHlatt1 sfctith shows that the wage-
slfcW'nt'ln some respects worse off
fttsm rne-cfiattel slave. "The wear and
tek¥'<of''a free man is at his own ex-
pemHe-^The1 wear and tear of a slave
•was 'at'ttie' expense of his master." The
siaW-owner often took care of his
slave AtfecaUse lt cost money to buy
arMner, but the wage-slave will pay
the^mpfoyment shark a fee to enable
him to'sell himself,
"tailor flower ls the cheapest commodity on earth, and the owner of lt
has to sell it in accordance with an
economic law—the law that all commodities obey. He spends a portion
of. his time occasionally trying to
evade that law, but all his efforts
prove futile. The most powerful combinations of capital bow the knee to
the law of exchange. "You cannot
regulate a thing that regulates your
power" of regulation." It is decreed
that commodities shall, as a whole, exchange with each other In proportion
to the, amount of social necessary
labor required to reproduce them.
The exchange value of the labor-
power of tbe wage-slave therefore is
determined by the value of the amount
of .food,' clothing and shelter required
to reproduce tbe wage-slave.
If the glimmerings ot a possible
manhood has dawned in the mind of
the'worker who realizes this, he must
have a1 Strong objection to be bought
ariti'ferjla' like sugar and soap, and bis
wfibie- being, body, soul and all, subject to exactly tbe same manipulations
antf'movements as these lifeless products ot'Tits toll. Realize that we are
ahl'm'atefl pictures of merchandise and
not" men or women, but things, and
then you wlll get mad and set your
teethLttbr the class war, "the holy
ghost'of the revolution."
However, all our sentiment makes
no more difference to our position
than 'the rise and fall of the waves of
the''sea make to the sea's level. Cold,
hard, ''merciless facts, that which
human experience and scientific
knowledge has proved to be true, Is
the'drily thing that permanently helps,
and then only in proportion, as it is
accepted and understood by those who
beriefft'by the understanding thereof.
'We-'sfee on every hand that the industrial' capital is continually being
enfa¥ged—more machinery is installed,
more mills, factories, railways, etc.,
built. Where does the capital come
from for' these Increased operations?
It coflies'from the past exploitation of
our class. It is the rent, interest and
profit,1 "Btolen from the worker. It ls
trie restilf of the workers' labor over
and above what he was paid, for, I.e.,
his labor-power.
capfYkl Increases more rapidly than
fie productive plant of any pre-
system. Why? Well, tor one
thing, the wage-slave of today works
harder thsn ever slave did in previous
times.' tie fights his fellow slave for
a Job, and when be gets It, he knows
his* 'fellow slave outside can be depended on to take his place If he
slackens. The slave driver knows It,
too; be doesn't need a whip. He holds
over the slaves the lash of starvation
and they fear its sting. The unemployed slaye outside dying for a Job
is the only thing the worker needs to
have1 placed before him to speed him
up'to (he limit. The only thing required to'make him willing to do this
for just wages sufficient to enable him
to live, and to reproduce another slave
to ""fake his'place when he Is squeezed
dry*—about 40 years of age, generally.
Another thing that makes capital
increase rapidly is machinery, which
multiplies the productive power of
labor. "Competition amongst the capitalists compels them to reinvest, for
the "larger the capital ln any establishment '(tie lesB the cost of production,
because' of the use of better machinery, better organization, the less
waste,of power, materials, labor, etc.!
When one capitalist improves his
plant, the others, must follow suit or
drop out. Tbe one who' drops > out
loses his trade .to the others, and so
did fn!0*
on lt goes, rolling ahd growing like a
snowball- ":-  '•■■'■
As capital Increases the amount, of
commodities produced Increases. That
is reckoning the amount per worker.
With *.he aid of better and more powerful machinery, the worker turns out
mofe than before.- Wages never rise
so rapidly for .any length of time as
to cause the increase of total wages
to equal the Increase in the product.
If they did, capital would Btop growing, and If lt stopped expanding, more
men would be thrown out of employment, and down would come wages
The capitalist, of course, can, If he
choose, consume his Income, Sometimes they become philanthropists and
give away some of their income to religious institutions, etc. About $50,-
000,000 is spent ln charity in London
alone every year. This keeps down
the famished hordes of unemployed to
some extent, but In spite ot all.charity,
as Marx said, "Tbe forest of arms begging for employment becomes ever
denser and ever leaner."
Some capitalists are sincerely religious. That is to say, they are self-
hypnotized. It is almost impossible
for any individual to advocate a belief
for any length of time without coming
under the spell of Its Influence. Some
capitalists tell the same lie so often
and with such earnestness that they
believe lt themselves. They actually
believe that their faith ln God is responsible for their profits, and they
realize that it smoothes away many
difficulties to get the workers to believe this also. Hence they grow more
sincere in their devotions and more
liberal towards the support of the sky
pilots. The worker knows from hitter
experience that whatever luck he has
experienced has been in a wrong direction generally. He realizes that God
does not do anything for him unless
he makes God do it, and all the religious institutions in the world, sandwiched as many of them are by organized charity, fail ultimately in convincing him otherwise.
The capitalist reinvests what he
does not consume usually in the purchase of stocks and bonds. If he cannot find profitable Investment in his
own county he invests in enterprises
tn more backward countries. The capitalists of England and the States invest their surplUB ln Mexico, Canada,
South America, Russia, etc., In commercial, financial, railway, mining and
other undertakings. The McBride railway scheme is a case in point.
If the worker will ponder a little,
he will perceive that. the capitalist
class is of absolutely no use to society. It never was. The capitalist never functioned as anything but
an exploiter, a parasite. The capitalist class collectively own the means
of production since joint stock companies and similar organizations developed. The means of production
therefore are not private property but
class property. The worker ls bound
to have access to the means of production in order to live. The class
that owns them can therefore dictate
to the worker the terms upon which
he shall have access to them, I.e., the
terms upon which he is allowed to live.
What constitutes ownership? How
is It that you, the worker, don't own
anything—not even yourself? How is
it the capitalist class owns everything
and you nothing? The capitalist does
not do anything. He does not even
know how things are done. He Is no
more use to you or to society than the
bugs ln the bedstead.
The capitalist class owns that upon
which you depend for your life, by
virtue of the fact that they control
tbe machinery of the state. We want
the power to declare and make what
ls socially necessary to the existence
of the working class the property of
the working class. How shall we get
It? We shall vote ourselves Into possession of the state and vote capitalist property out of existence. The capitalist clasB wlll try all the can to
stop us. They might try means of
violence. If the) do, they must abide
by the result. If we register sufficient
numbers at the polls, we shall have
organized force enough to enforce our
claim behind those numbers. We shall
generate it ln the process of our political development. Nothing but the
ignorance of our class stands between
us and victory.
We have many comrades who understand. They must teach those who do
not. Every sub. we obtain for our
paper (OURS) ls a nail ln the coffin
of capitalism. We may be nearer the
end than we think. The harvest ls
here for the reaping. The tide ts com'
lng ln.
Hi! Mules—The whole damn family
get tbe kink out of your ears and drop
that dejected air.' We have kicked
and the kick got home alright, even
if the halter is on yet, and there won't
be any revolution this week, but there
is goed tiding of great joy coming
our way. You see it's like this—if we
are not set to work we are liable to
get mad and kick the barn down, we
are so impatient you know. ,
Well, justifying their claim to that
"unearned increment," our masters
have been busy lately, and, talking
wltb one of the "pets of the house
hold" through a knot-hole in the fence,
I learned that the great God, Labor
(who produces all wealth and keeps
none, so generous of him), has been
Invoked by the burning of Incense
and the sacrifice of lambs, and,
through the mystic medium of the ballot-box, has ln spite of "our" many
sins against him, graciously consented
to grant a "blessing" ln the shape of
a railroad, and, Oh, joy! we are to
have the work of building it, and hay
and oats galore, Yum, Yum..
I judge this to be our Christmas
present; so shout, Wage Mules! I mean
bray (of course). ■ Hapg up your
stockings (all four of them), on
Christmas Eve, with the implicit faith
and trusting confidence of innocent
children, for Santa Claus "Capitalism"
has a store of good things for us. Real
railroads for us to play with, and hay
and oats sugarcoated.
After the celebration, when a petrified bunch of human respectability
comes along, bearing a union card setting forth the fact that they are fit
and proper masters to lead you into
the wilderness of work, don't get intoxicated with joy, go out with dignity, build the road, take a photograph
of it, and hit the ties for town and
booze, remembering, we are workers,
not fighters.
Don't wait for me, I may be late,
besides I'm busy now—taking vocal
lessons ln rythm and inflection, and
the legitimate use of cuss words, in
mule language. |
ity.     (Nothl-ig; abbut   n*a«ures   off
-- "*■-"—rlValue in that statement.)   Weil, there
Western comrades will regret to hear
that Comrade W. Dreaver, formerly of
Local Calgary, died at Vancouver, of
Tieart failure, about la. m., Thursday,
December 28, 1909.
•*>•*•**»«•*#«*#* ®®®*m»*®®®®®®*®>
l«°^^^iS ^h«H BLOSSOM'
"^ r"'"T  IN B C CVOF\^.
1  I   !
Editor Western Clarion:—
Sir,—Taking in the Clarion has compelled me to study a theory of value.
If we are lo judge by the disagreement of the enquiring, the S. P. of C.
have a theory of value which ls exceedingly difficult to comprehend.
Marx Is the Pope of Socialism ln Canada, and his theory is the 'Infallible
It seems Incredible that Untermann
should write a book on Marxian economics, and yet be guilty of confusing
"Price and Value." If such confusion
exists, his book won't have exchange
value with any commodity I possess.
Hector McDonald is on Untermann's
trail, and judging by his article In the
Western Clarion of December 11th, he
has a thorough grasp of economics.
I read with much interest an article
by Lestor, "Economics, False and
True." There is no doubt, as a celebrated economist well says: "In a
state of society in which the industrial system ls entirely founded on
purchase and Bale, each individual, for
the most part living not on the things
ln the production of which he himself
bears a part, but on things obtained
by a double exchange, a sale followed by a purchase—THE QUESTION
Lestor says Bohm Bawerke never
understood Marx. I don't either, because I haven't studied his theory of
value. I never took any Interest in
the theories of value till the Clarion
aroused my Interest a few days sgo.
Is Lestor quite certain he understands the Jevon's theory? Lestor
says the theory of value which Jevons
propounded was really tbe old theory
that the value was dete mined by the
ratio of supply and demand." Well,
tbe temporary or market value Is determined by demand and supply. The
temporary or market value of a thing
depends on the demand and supply,
rising as the demand rises and falling
as the supply rises. The demand, however, varies with the value, being generally greater when the thing Ib cheap
than when it Is dear, and the value
always adjusts Itself in such a manner that the demand is equal to the
To get an intelligent Idea of the
theory of value, we. have to consider
demand and Supply in their relation
to value, just as much as the cost of
production in its relation to value.
Both are necessary to clearness of
Lestor evidently thinks he has annihilated Jevons by quoting what Ricardo said about utility as a measure of
value. A measure of value Ib a different subject altogether. It never ought I
to have been Introduced. Lestor
creates contusion hy introducing It.
Lestor Bays Jevons held the opinion
that value depended entirely on util-
ls no doubt utility is a necessary condition. "That a thing may have any
value ln exchange, It must be of some
use, conduce to some purpose, satisfy
some desire." If bad whiskey is an
article of disutility, good whiskey must
be an article of utility. Now, Lestor,
suppose good whiskey to be drunk in
excess. Is it a utility or a disutility?
A drunkard might drink whiskey,
knowing it to be absolutely bad, yet
he considers it of use to him to satisfy his desire; bo to him lt possesses
utility. Bad whiskey, adultedated
food, shoddy clothing is no argument
against exchange value, depending on
utility. The economist Is not concerned with the ignorance of the buyers or the deceit of the sellers; tbe
buyer thinks or imagines the article
possesses utility. For Instance, the
Chicago canned meat, of which some
was absolutely rotten. As regards
shoddy clothing, the difference is only
in degree of utility. *
As regards Jevons idea that supply
follows demand, it the speculators
thought therei was going to be no demand, there would *be no supply. It
Is demand that governs the speculator's thoughts and actions, not supply.
So I don't consider you have floored
Jevons there, Lestor!
I must charge Lestor with inconsistency. He Bays a follower of Marx
should not predict what the world will
be like in the next order of society,
and then immediately proceeds to predict lt will be a world without religion. It seems to me so long as
there is a mystery pressing for interpretation, so long as human beings have to ask themselves whence
and whither, so long will there be
scope for religious feelings.
In-what way can the marriage system change? Will the whole world
become monogamlc? Will only a limited number be allowed to breed so that
the balance Is maintained between the
food supply and the population? Will
lt be polygamy, polyandry or communal marriage? Is that the desirable state of existence where they
wtll be all husbands and wives to
each other on an affinity baBis? Are
we downhearted?   No!
Yours truly,
(Continued from Page 1)
bright and burning rays, thy heat, thy
life, on all this mass of ice become
hideous and dead. Dou you hear that
dull thud, that crackling, deep and
beautiful? 'Tis the Neva tearing loose
Ybu said it was granite. See, it splits
like glass. 'Tis the breaking of the
ice, I tell you. 'Tis the water alive,
joyous and terrible. Progress recommences. 'Tis humanity again begin
ning its march. Tis the river which
retakes its course, uproots, mangles,
strikes together, crushes and drowns
In Its waves not only the empire of up
start Czar Nicholas, but all of the relics of ancient and modern despotism
That trestle work floating away! It
is the throne, Tbat other trestle? It
is the scoffold. That old book, half
sunk? It ls the old code of capitalist
laws and morals in which slaves lived
See these all pass by; passing never
to return; and for this Immense en
gulfing, for this supreme victory of life
over death, wbat has been the power
necessary? One of thy looks, Oh, Sun!
One stroke of thy strong arm, Oh,
A. F.  Cobb
Merchant Tailor
OKotoK*.   Albert*
For every suit sold through
this  advertisement I  will give
$2.00  to the  circulation of the
Western Clarion.
1. Write me for samples of
2. Mention the price you want
lo pay for suit.
3. Compare my sample with
the price.
4. If. suitable, send me deposit of $6.00.
5. I will guarantee to deliver
suit to fit within six weeks.
6. Clarion will acknowledge
receipt of $2.00 from me when
suit ls paid for.
Suits to measure from $15.00
to $30.00.
MS balls It- Vistiiw
The Best of Everything
Properly Cooked
A school teacher for Gibson's Landing  school,   male
preferred.     Duties  to commence  after Christmas holidays.   Apply stating qualifications ana expetience to
J»». Fletcher,
sec. school board
Gibson's Landing, B.C.
Teacher Wanted
For   SqOamish school.    Salary $60
per month.   Apply to
H. JUDD, Sec.
Brackendale, B. C.
L- ■'-' *'*■ ■-■ " • '•■-■■-- ■ ■'■■
Socialist Pa*ty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to tbe capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore
master; the worker a slave.
Bo long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the
reins ot government all tbe powers ot the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights In the means ot wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream ot profits, and to tbe worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the Working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tbe wage
system, under which is cloaked tbe robbery of the working-class
at the point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates the
. transformation of capitalist property ln the means ot wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and tbe worker Is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of .the power of government—the capitalist to hold, tbe worker to
secure lt by political action. This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with tbe object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, ma follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, ot capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into tbe collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry
by the workers.
8. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production, for profit
The Socialist Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system is abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule ot conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will tbe Socialist
Party Is for It; If lt will not, the Socialist Party ls absolutely
opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
Among Socialists and other Independent thinkers, thla great library Is
superseding encyclopedias, histories and all such second-hand Information. It
digs deep Into the real history ot civilization, reveals the naked truth and
shows why ■oclaUsm ia lnsvltaMe. It annihilates the arguments of Capitalistic writers who deliberately misrepresent for the purpose of keeping the
shackles on the producers. Economics, Evolution, Education, Philosophy, .Sociology, Scince, Psychology, Religion and all fields of thought, the Ideas that
have Influenced civilisation In the original words of the master thinkers and
Investigators from Thales, Plato, Aristotle, Socrates through to Darwin,
Spencer, Huxley, Marx, Engels, Haeckel, etc., Ten large de luxe volumes
printed on pure white deckle edge paper, one full hundred page photogravures, gold title and tops bound ln rich seal brown Art Vellum.
Says Freeman Knowles, Editor of "The Lantern" (Socialist). Victor L.
Berger says ln this Issue of the "Social Democratic Herald.." No Socialist
can afford to be without this great library." All leading Socialist writers,
editors and lecturers use and conmmend this great library—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Arthur M. Lewis, A. H. Simons, and literally thousands
uf the comradeB, farmers, miners, ranchmen mechanics and business and professional men.
Locals could not make a better Investment than a set of these books."
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Local,
Hackbrry, Kan.): "I owe you my
thanks: the greatest addition I ever
made to my library."
WALTER LOHRENTZ (See. Longshoremen's Union, Seattle, Wash.):
"A boon to the working class who
have neither time nor money to secure a university education."
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist lecturer): "I have longingly desired such
a work for years. A service to civilisation."
WM. A. KEAQLE (Hudson, Mich.,
Local): "I am a poor man, yet my
money goes cheerfully for what I
consider the greatest acquisition of
my life."
Scientific Socialism): "I regard It as
the most valuable part of my
IO FORD (Sec. Am. Assn. of Masters, Mates and Pilots, Paducah,
Ky.): "Am enjoying a continuous Intellectual feast."
University Research Etenslon,
Mllwakee, U. S. A.
Please send me review articles by Simons, Berger and others, and tall
me how I can get the ten volumes library on a co-operative basis.   No obligation Involved by this request.
a '    i
(J If you would like to spend less time in yonr kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a mat-
to measure yonr premises and give you an estimate ol cost of
installing the gac pipes,
ancouver Gas Company, Limited.
\        -. : ■ ' j■ ••     A hi..-*-■*.*'. j,,i i
.    }■■>-■:■


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