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Western Clarion Dec 18, 1909

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Array Vancouver, British Columbia. Saturday, December 18, 1909.
Pa* Via. SI .00
For a long time the tyrannical bureaucratic government of Russia has
been watching for an opportunity to
deprive Finland of the rights and liberties which she has been enjoying
since tbe general strike ln 1905. After she has stamped out and drowned
in blood in most brutal and barbarous
ways,' the revolutionary movement ln
her own country, the blood thirsty
bureaucrats now feel strong enough
and safe enough to attack Finland and
take her constitutional rights, home
rule and all freedom and liberty from
This is, not the first, time that Russia has attempted to "Russianize" Finland. We all have fresh in our memories the terror and despotic rule of
Finland during Bobrlkoff's governorship. Those who dared to object and
to protest against the brutality and injustice they were suffering were arrested, or kidnapped from their homes
and confined and tortured in the bas-
tlles of Russia, or were sent to the
shameful imprisonment of Siberia,
without any trial or any semblance of
justice. The papers which dared to
criticize any of Ihe actions of the government were stopped. A rigid censorship was established. A copy of
all the papers had to be presented to
the censors before any paper could be
published. The country was flooded
with police spies, gendarmes and
troops of Russian soldiers, who savagely attacked peaceful citizens, aud
broke up all meetings and gatherings
which were not in accordance with
the will of the governor-general. All
those who were under the least suspicion of possessing any radical ideas
were arrested and confined In bastiles,
and were held there for years without
any trial. The most outrageous conspiracies were worked up, and provocations of all kinds were put Into practice in order to work up some excuse
to attack the peaceful citizens.
Today Finland is facing the same
terrifying conditions. The reports we
receive from Finland indicate that
Russia is carefully preparing for the
final attack. The reports say that the
country is flooded with police spies,
gendarmes and Russian troops, even
more densely than during Bobrikoff's
regime. Troops of the barbarous Cossacks are stationed at nearly every
city and village. It looks as though
I Russia is intending to deluge the
country in blood If tbe people dare to
I rise ih defence of their freedom.
Tbe latest reports from Finland
(bring us tbe news that the Finnish
I Diet has again been dispersed because
lit refused to grant twenty million
[marks tb the Russian military fund,
[This is the third time the Diet hss
1 been dispersed since 1907. The Social
[Democrat party has been the strong-
lest party in the Diet, and they have
{been in opposition to the reactionary
[bourgeosle and; tbe bureaucrats. They
sith Other extreme radicals bave been
Itbe majority ln the Diet, and because
[they have not allowed the bills of tbe
[reactionary bourgeolse (in favor of tbe
■ bureaucrats) to pass through the Diet,
[the Diet has been dissolved time after
It Ib rumored that the chief organ
| of the Social Democrats, the Tyomles,
is going to he suppressed by the censor. If the rumor proves true, we
' may safely say that all other Socialist
papers in Finland will be subject to
the same fate.
The executive committee of tbe Social'Democrat party have Issued a circular urging the Locals all over the
country to hold mass meetings and
demonstrations. And to pass resolutions condemning, the actions ot the
bureaucratic government. Though
they may not have very much effect;
it Is a good' way to show their dissatisfaction.
The general strike in 1905 proved
itself to be an effective weapon at that-
time. The Finns then were able to resist the encroachments of Russia, and
to compel Russia to grant Finland
back her constitution, and not only
that, but Russia was compelled to
grant Finns adult, universal suffrage.
But the general strike at the present
time might not prove to be as effective
as It did' four years ago; because the
conditions are different   today than
they were then. Russia then was
weakened to her limits by the Russo-
Japanese war, and revolutionary outbreaks were occurring continuously all
over her own country, with a strong
revolutionary movement behind them.
But today she is stronger. She has
partly recovered from the. effects of
the war. And has succeeded, by using
the most barbarous methods that we
can Imagine, to check the revolutionary movement in her own country. Today there are troops of Russian soldiers stationed all over Finland for
"emergency" who would when ordered slaughter every Finn if necessary.
So a general strike, or an armed revolt, can hardly be used as a weapon at present by the Finns, who are
only a handful of unarmed people.
There is a movement afoot among
the Finns to give their case as wide
publicity as possible all over the civilized world, for the purpose of getting
their case understood and to appeal to
the sense of right, justice and peace
of the civilized world, and to get them
to use their Influence ln behalf of Finland. Of course we can't expect such
a inpve to accomplish very much. We
know that people of the present tlay|
are not ruled by conscience. They I
have subordinated conscience to prop- (
erty considerations. They have made
exchange values of sentiments.
The Social Democrats of Finland
are preparing to defend the rights of
their country, and It Is safe to say
that they will use more effective weapons than "sentiment." They are determined to use all possible means to
prevent Russia from succeeding in her
present aims. The Social Democrats
are not inspired by a national or a
patriotic sentiment; they thoroughly
realize that they have no country.
They know no national boundaries.
But what Inspires them and compels
them to rise to defend the rights of
Finland is their knowledge of what
thein fate will be If the bureaucrats
succeed in Russianizing Finland. They
know that their lot will be the same
as that of their comrades in Russia,
unless they are able to prevent it.
They know that if Russia is permitted
to carry through her alms their organization will be shattered and their propaganda stopped, and it will be made
impossible to spread the Gospel of
Socialism. They are aware that free
speech and free press will receive
their death blow. They have Been
how their comrades In Russia have
been arrested and confined ln bastiles
and tortured to death, Just because
they have dared to raise their voices
ln defense of the oppressed and have
dared to spread the spirit of freedom
and liberty.
The Social Democrats have not-only
to fight the Russian bureaucracy but
they have to fight the reactionary
bourgeolse of their own country also.
These have seen that the time Is opportune to strike a "blow" at the much
hated Social Democrats and wipe them
out of Finland If possible. So they
have joined the beaureaucrats to enable them to Bucceed In their task.
The future will tell whether they wlll
succeed or not.
It is the duty of the Socialists of
other countries to render their assistance to our Finnish Comrades. We
should all bear in mind that "their
struggle Is our struggle, their loss is
our loss, and thpir -victory is our victory."
—J. R.
The "Western Wage-Earner" comments that the, workers of Vancouver
still have the two Socialists in tbe
House to do their work when Bowser
and his hunch turn them- down. Why
should they? Surely the workers ot
Vancouver are numerous enough to
send their own representatives to Victoria without having to depend on the
farmers and miners of Nanaimo and
Newcastle to do lt for them. The
workers of Vancouver have elected
Bowser, so unto Bowser let them go.
If he answers them with a good swift
kick it is but what their cupidity deserves. Why try to save the codgers
from the results of their own actions?
* The great strike.
For nearly four months the gigantic
struggle continues. It will go down
in the history of the labor movement
as one of the-great battles in which
much was dared and from which much
was learned. But the news that has
come over from Sweden during the
past two weeks tells a tale of suffering and temporary defeat. Vorwaerts,
which has been from the beginning
very well informed on the Swedish
situation, recites the story in detail,
There are at present( Nov. 18) some
20,000 workers out of employment and
15,000 locked out. Ot the unemployed
by far the greater number have been
placed on the black-list by the Employers' Association. They have been
dscharged, each one with a letter
stating thai he is no longer wanted because of participation in the strike.
That means that for him there is no
work anywhere within the borders of
Sweden. Thousands hitherto employed
jn the steed Industry are being driven
from the company houses onto tbe
snow-covered streets. And most of
these took no part in the strike. This
is a "sympathetic" lock-out. The men
in one small concern went on strike,
and as a result their comrades in
forty-five other concerns are threatened
with starvation. But the most significant development is the fact that the
men who return to work are asked
to sign an agreement to leave their
unions. The Employers' Association
has got the upper hand and it is determined to smash the. union movement once for all.
For the present our Swedish comrades face bitter defeat. But they
have now more than ever, need of our
vigorous support. Unless hundreds of
thousands flow In from foreign countries their suffering will beggar description. Some few of them have emigrated to Brazil. But thirty or forty
thousand face the cold and hunger of
winter almost penniless. Unless they
are supported some will be forced to
work on terms dictated hy the victors;
the rest will starve. There will be
time enough, in the future to go over
the details of the struggle, to discuss
the tactics employed and draw lessons
for our guidance In battles yet to be
fought. Tbe demand now ls for immediate assistance. Our feeling of
solidarity should run strongest in moments of reverse. This ls one of the
times for the world's working class
to show its metal.—Int. Soc. Review.
"Straws show the way of the wind,"
and an acrobatic stunt lately performed by the Conservative organ in Victoria Ib the straw which shows that
the stagnant brains of the management of that capitalist sheet are being
stirred up to a recognition of the fact
that the Socialist movement Is a power
to be reckoned with.
Previous to the election, lt affected
great indignation at one of our
speakers applying the word "slaves"
to the working class, stigmatizing it
as a "lying epithet," and went so far
as to suggest that violence should be
used upon the speaker.
The elections took place, and It became evident, by the greatly Increased
Socialist vote, that the workers are
fast becoming more inclined to resent
the fact of slavery, rather than having
that fact pointed out to them. Being
forced to "sit up and take notice," the
paper in question volunteers the following sapient remarks: "Seeing that
Socialism was fast gaining a great
number of adherents throughout the
world, it was worth inquiring into,"
and follows this up with a leaderette
calculated to catch the "intellectual''
sucker, who Is too swell to join a
working class party.
The fact is, this henchman of the
class which rules and robs, ls Just
performing his dirty duty of helping
to Uold the workers down while the
capitalist class skins them. The Liberal Party is down and out in British
Columbia and the ruling class are already seeing that two parties are
necessary for their object and keeping
the workers fighting among themselves, and the action of this editor is
calculated to that effect. Sooner or
later we may expect to see a bogus
"Labor' 'party for this purpose. But
they are starting too late; the Socialist Party is too far ahead for any
such aggregation to even inconven-'
ience it.
During the past several months,
there bave appeared ln the daily journals of tbe country many articles concerning the "white slave" traffic. Verbal pictures have been drawn of the
commercialism in human flesh and the
depravity of the monsters who follow
tbe vocation of professional procurers.
For century after century, pulpits
bave rung with the eloquence of priest
and preacher in denunciation of that
degeneracy that debauches tne gentler
sex and robs womanhood of the priceless jewel of chastity. But with all
the power and Influence that have
been exercised by the religious creeds
of the world, the scarlet Bin flaunts its
brazen nakedness in every city of the
land and no condemnation from any
source seems to be able to check the
moral pestllece that is spreading, over
tbe earth. The Christian people of
America are becoming alarmed, as
tbey behold' in the spread of the
"white slave" traffic an evil of sueh
gigantic proportions as to threaten
tbe very foundations of the home.
Now that Christian civilization has
been unable to halt the International
evil, it is proposed that the law makers at Washington shall draft a bill
and enact, such bill into law, providing the severest penalties for the
criminals who are engaged ln the
nefarious business of coining virtue
into profit.
It is believed that a law can be enacted which will suppress the "white
slave" traffic, by empowering tbe government to exercise such a supervision over interstate and foreign commerce that procurers will find themselves baffled In carrying on the sale
of girls to satiate the passions of soulless libertines.
But when such a law Is enacted and
the procurer is prohibited by law to
bring the slaves from the Old World
or from one state to another, that law
will have but little to do with the les
sening or diminuion of the moral
leprosy that blackens our boasted civilization.
When the professional procurer Ib
prevented from bringing his female
plaves from a foreign shore or from
one state to another, the procurer will
confine bis infamous business to the
confines of the state In which he lives.
Legislation will not reach the cause
of the "white slave" traffic, but will
only Impose a penalty upon the effects
that grow out of a system that breeds
moral servitude. The "white slave"
traffic is born in poverty, and poverty
is the product of the capitalist system.
Tbe "red light" districts are populated
with girls and women who have been
the wage slaves of mills, factories, department stores and sweat shops.
The miserable wages paid by the
"pillars of society" to the girls and
women who are forced to work for another through necessity, bids for dishonor. The worn and weary victim
of long hours and meagre wages In
mill and factory is easily tempted to
leave "the straight and narrow path"
and venture forth on tbe broad road
to ruin,
It Is an easy matter for the smooth
and polished, hireling of a "white
slave" syndicate, to paint a picture
of, the "gay life" that will appeal to
the girl and woman who are physically
exhausted and who, looking into the
future, can see nothing but abject
poverty and ultimately the potter's
; The "white slave" traffic will never
end until tbe cause which gives birth
to slavery shall be abolished, and that
time will never come until man and
woman shall enjoy the heritage of Industrial liberty.—Miners' Magazine.
The Nova Scotia coal diggers will
now understand more clearly how
Dunsmulr made so many Socialists ln
British Columbia.
Toronto. Dec. 8th, '09.
There seems to be" an Increasing
tendency on the part of Socialists to
draw the line between the "proletarians" and the "Intellectuals" and I
don't like it a little bit I suppose as
I earn my living by my pen I am In
the latter category, though why I
should be supposed to be a less thoroughgoing Socialist or more inclined to
a policy of compromise on that account than any other wage slave, I
really don't know. I have yet to learn
that a "salary" will go any. farther
towards paying living expenses than
"wageB" of equal amount—and taking
the general run of intellectual in the
movement their incomes are certainly not much, if any, ln excess of those
of the wage workers. The distinction is hardly justifiable on the ground
that the Intellectuals are engaged in
superfluous and unnecessary work, the
demand for which will disappear with
the establishment 5f the co-operate
commonwealth. This will undoubtedly be the case as regards some classes,
such as lawyers, brokers, agents and
canvassers, but any conceivable civilized society of the future will still
have need of doctors, teachers, journalists, architects and members of
olher callings classed as intellectual.
There is no sense in the discrimination. Some of the so-called Intellectual occupations involve as much actual physical strain as those of some
wage workers. Take the newspaper
writer and the printer, for instance.
The latter is classed as a manual
worker, and nobody would think of
disputing his right to speak as one of
the working class. Yei. the working
journalist who is subjected to quite
as much bodily exertion as the man
who sets up his copy is by some looked at askance as not being a genuine
workingman. Another funny thing is
that if a man has once been a wage
worker and held a union card even
though he may afterwards engage in
some "intellectual'' occupation, he can
pass muster for the rest of his life as
a workingman all right, while the lifelong intellectual who seeks to identify himself with the working class is
regarded as trying to pose. The distinction is unfair from every point of
view. In addition to being a disparagement of the "intellectual," lt embodies a slur on the mechanic and the
artisan as though a skilled worker
didn't need any brains ln his work,
• •   •
Gompers and Mitchell are still out
of jail and not likely to go there, which
ln some respects ls to be regretted.
I wish no harm to either of them, but
a term in jail is really what is needed
to complete their education and take a
lot of patriotic, flag-worshipping nonsense out of them. It Is really difficult to get up any sympathy for men
who, however' valiantly they have
stood up for the right to boycott, continue to profess faith in the justice
of American courts and get off the
usual balderdash about their pride in
American citizenship and their readiness to obey the law. It is an amazing instance of the tenacity of conventional ideas and capitalist teachings
that, even after ail their experience,
the Federation leaders under the shadow of the jail, appear absolutely incapable of understanding that laws
and governments, institutions and constitutions are simply tbe instruments
in tbe hands of capitalism for keeping
labor in subjection. Possibly lt Is too
late to teach them anything, but the
carrying out of their sentence, if it
did not made Socialists out of them
personally, would at least open the
eyes of a number of their followers.
If they would escape, as now appears
likely, it wlll merely be because tbe
plutocrats know that they could not
play Into tbe bands of the Socialists
more effectively than by enforcing tbe
sentence. So they will probably call
off their dogs.
* «   *
Talking about injunctions, the fight
between the Whitney government and
the corporations over the Hydro-Electric scheme for supplying power by
the government is getting interesting.
The corporations are trying to use
the courts to block the scheme, but
injunctions don't work in this case—
the government cooly Ignores them.   !
know, of course, that the issue is simply one between the big capitalists
and the little fellows who fondlylma-
glne that cheap power wlll prolong
their existence, but all the same lt
Is pleasing to see that there 1% somebody In this country who can defy an
injunction and tell the Judge to go to
the devil.
* •   *
"In making a direct grant, however,
we contribute only money.- By organizing a Canadian navy we develop another legitimate function of nationality, give our own sons to tbe service
of the Empire, and evade the reproach that we are willing to pay, but
not willing to fight for the maintenance of British institutions."—Toronto News.
Whose "own sons," Mr. J. S. WiHf-
son? Your sons? Your boss, Millionaire Flavelle's, sons? Not on your
life! It'll be the sons of the working-
men who do the fighting, while you-
sit in a comfortable office and write
Inspiring war editorials, and your boss
takes profitable pork contracts.
* »   «
■It is extremely doubtful if more-
than a handful of Canadians, constituted as they are, care a rap whether
the country is run by patriots or buc-
anneers."—Winnipeg  Tribune.
True enough. And why should they
care? What difference does it make
to anyone outside of the rival gangs
of grafters?
* *    *
Here's another "give away" on the
parly system by a capitalist paper in
a momentary fit of honesty. Make
your own comments.
«   •   •
"Politics without issues ls an easy*
game wlr6n compared to the problem-
polities of Britain—yes, and of Europe,
There are preclouB few firm-fixed convictions In this country rooting either
party to any position. We did think,
that the tariff was such a question'
once, In spite of the efforts of the-
then Liberal leaders to reassure us'
on the point; but we have learned better since. The tariff is as much out of
politics here as if we had two tariff
commissions. Our "front benches"
show a nervous desire to get together
whenever a real issue looms on the-
horizon. The present division between tbe parties being entirely arbitrary, they both stand to lose by
the Invasion of the field by any new
and sincere question, and, reasoning
from past experience .with the partisans of tbe 'other party.' they are both
very sceptical as to whether they
could make any gains from the enemy. So both, regard a real issue as a.
cat does a strange dog."—Montreal
Dear Mc,—
Enclosed find a dollar for a chance
at the "Library of Original Sources."
There were some things I felt like
saying after the election, but the Old
Man and Gribble bave said them—so
I won't repeat.
We had Harrington In here for two
weeks In October and we laid down
scientific revolutionary Socialism to
the surrounding barbarians. Tbe poor
freaks around'here don't like Shatford
and his up-to-date capitalist methods,
but tbey trembled worse at the sound
of our revolutionary propaganda. Wo
were successful In driving a lot of
them into the dying Liberal patty,
where they belong, They were afraid
to organise Socialist Locals before the
elections for It might Interfere with
the antics of the ghost of the "grand-
old: Liberal party"; now that that
ghost has been laid, there Is nothing
between them and: Shatford; he'll nav
For myself, I must say that those
two weeks with Harrington were a
great pleasure to me. I was getting
lonesome up here among the unregen-
erate barbarlanB. Guess I must be
getting pretty well posted, as the "big:
guns" seem to see things about ther
same way as
Yours ln Revolt,
Olalla, B. C. TWO
SATURDAY, DECEMBER  18th,  1909.
There is no remedy but there is a
cure. Quit raising wheat for profit,
raise It for use. To do that you will
have to abolish those who reap the
NO. 97.
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gsnlsllst Party ot Canada, at ths OSlcs
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SATURDAY,  DECEMBER   18th,   1909.
Everywhere one hears a wail about
the increase in the cost of living, and
nobody seems to know what is to be
done about It. In fact nobody even
seems to think he or she knows. The
voice of the the trust-buster even is
heard no more in the land, or very
faintly. For the harried consumer we
have but one crumb of comfort, that
is, that the cost of living is not near
as high as it is going lo be.
We have before pointed to the accelerated production of gold and to
its accumulation and its consequent
"cheapening," as the prime factor in
the continued rise in prices of commodities ln the face of the rapid improvement in the means and methods
of production; but in the case of
bread, there are factors that will intensify this effect shortly to an enormous extent. That their effects have
not been more appreciably felt ls due
.to the bumper crops of recent years
which have kept the world's elevators
well filled. Let us have but one poor
harvest and the fat will be ln the fire.
The factors referred to are the decrease ln wheat acrea'ge and the
growth In the market for wheat. In
the Argentine wheat is rapidly giving
way to cattle. In the United States
wheat acreage is falling off rapidly
Wheat is the great pioneer crop on
the virgin lands of the west, but hand
in hand with the development of the
new country and the Increase of population, marches the growth of mixed
farming, and so, while there aie yet
large undeveloped tracts, wheat acreage will increase hut as soon as the
limit of these Is neared the tide turns.
The United States with its growth in
population must very soon change its
position in the market, from that of
an exporter to that of an importer of
wheat, first of all as raw material for
its mills to fill their foreign markets
for flour, then to feed lis own industrial population. Of all the great granaries Canada alone remains, and Canada, vast as It is, cannot meet the
world's demand alone, more especially
as It is not very far removed from attaining to the same stage as the
United States.
On the other hand the market for
flour is widening. The greed of capital
works ever to its undoing. It has,
profit hungry, sent its agents Into the
Orient to create an appetite for bread.
They have done their work well and
now the Orient is clamoring for more.
So up goes the price of bread . If
the crops continue to yield heavily this
rise will be slow and gradual and will
be tempered by an Increase In wheat
production in Europe on the very
lands where lt had to lie abandoned
under tho pressure of American competition. But given one poor crop In
tho west und produclon will never
again approach the demand, at any
rate under capitalism;
Tho result? In the latter case it
will precipitate the Revolution, in the
former, there will bo a constant succession of strikes as the workers aro
driven lo attempt to adjust their income lo the standard of living to
which they have been accustomed.
Labor unions may loplc for no peace
In either case there will be a bitter
intensification of the sufferings, privation's, and misery which must be the
lot of our class while they remain enslaved.
Remedy there is none. No homilies from Jim Hill on the duty of
American farmer to stick lo his plough
and save the country will serve. No
"back to Ihe land" movements. No
agricultural colleges, or Roosevelt coin-
missions. The only way to keep down
the  price  of wheat  is;  to  raise  mt
Somebody, of whose Identity we
have suspicions, has been unkind enough to send us a Portland, Maine,
Socialist Party municipal campaign
leaflet. We assume he expects us to
say lt Is rotten, but lt isn't. It ts a
very gooil municipal campaign leaflet.
The front page Is luminously eloquent with a portrait of Percy F.
Morse, candidate for mayor. A thoroughly convincing portrait. Every
hair ln place, eye-glasses at the correct angle, a cute little bow tie surmounting an Immaculate shirt-front, cept.—The World.
Percy's ultra respectallblty Is self-evident. Nobody would ever suspect him
of using such naughty phrases as occasionally creep Into the Clarion despite the editor's vigilance, or of even
mentioning such unsavory mortals as
the working class. And he lives up to
hts looks.
True, he refers to Socialism In his
neatly worded letter of acceptance, but
he gives it the Websterlous definition
as "a theory of society that advocates
a more precise, orderly and harmoni
must pay for the raw products, wear
and tear of machinery, rent, interest
arid other incidentals of his business.
What is left over and above this are
his PROFITS, which, along with the
handsome salary he donates himself
for "organizing" the industry, constitute his Income .
(It is a dead cert that he receives
profits; otherwise he would cease to
be a capitalist, and we would leave
him In peace.)
He now has his Income. Along
comes the government—the class instrument which safeguards his ownership of the means of production—and
demands so much per cent, of this income as his contribution towards its
maintenance. He "digs up," cheerfully or otherwise, depending on his
economic knowledge. The other capitalists to whom he paid the rent, Interest, etc., also have to "dig up" their
The Vancouver World seems to share; and all the other members of
jump at the conclusion that just be- the gang according to the wealth they
When No. 9? on the C. P. R. was
coming in on Saturday she was brought
l0 a sudden stop just this side of Mission. The cause of the stop was an
arm-waving tramp ln the center of the
track. When Interrogated he said that
he had held up the train because there
was a broken rail a short distance further on. This was found to be the
case. The broken rail was fixed and
the train proceeded.
Passengers on the train seemed to
think that the tramp might have been
given a ride Into the city, but perhaps,
poor fellow, he had just been "kindly
advised" to leave here, and the offer
of a ride toward the sunset was a favor he was not in a position to ac-
Socialist Directory
gjgf Every Local of the Socialist Party of
Canada should run a card under this head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
^0A*   *?*n    K00Br' ■• C-i »TO. 41,
b. r. or o—Business meetings first
Sunday in each month. J. ? Hull
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
D0,MX,-f,1i0K EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,   LOCAT,  MOYIE   B   C    MO   90—   -_
Kenzle, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 838. Vancouver, B. C.
cause a man ls walking on the railway
tracks he must necessarily be a
"tramp." At least one would believe
so from the above excerpt from its
columns; but, as a matter of fact It
was one of the Vancouver Comrades
who gave the timely warning referred to, one of these terrible Socialists, who, our capitalist "friends" endeavor to show would destroy life, the
Comnilttee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday lu
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province.
F.    oxtoby,    Sec, Box     647      Calgary, Alta.
rangement of the social relations home  and  property,  and.  yet,  when
ous ar
of mankind than that which has hitherto prevailed." A definition at which
even the most Sensitive capitalist
could hardly take umbrage.
And at the worst this is the only indiscretion of the kind of which the
leaflet is guilty. The balance of it is
devoted to pointing out to the "citizens" the marked advantages of "municipal fuel yards, with sale of fuel
at cost."   "Municipal gas works, ditto, idea of gratitude.
THIS Socialist saw there was danger
to life and property when he could
have left them In danger by merely
neglecting to give warning, he not
only gave warning, but did it as a
matter of course and exhibited no
desire to be rewarded for his action.
He was subsequently punished by
the C. P. R. by being given a job at
$1.90 a day.    Such is  the  capitalist
ditto." "Eight-hour day on city work."
(Would this not increase the "cost"
of gas and fuel, and raise the citizens'
taxes?) "Preference to be given to
citizens of Portland when employing
men for city work." (Back to New
Brunswick, hated foreigner.) "Municipal hospital for tubercular patients,
etc., etc." (Be sure and get tuberculosis only, take no substitute.)
"Medical inspection of school children." (Look out, you tenement
dwellers.) "Equitable tax assessment."
In the preamble to this it is insisted
that no half-way measures will avail.
"Let the people own the trusts." But
this is only a slight Inconsistency, and
we re-affirm that lt Is a most excellent
campaign leaflet; but why does our
precise Percy persist in queering his
chances of election by calling himself a Socialist? That's what gets
The moral of which is, that If you
permit reforms to get on your platform, they won't be happy till they
get the centre of the stage. The spotlight for theirs every time, and to the
shady wings with the coarse, uncouth
proletarian class struggle.
The Clarion is reputed to be more
prone to heave a brick than to hand
out a bouquet, and it is furthermore
generally unsafe to write Iu praise of
anyone except it be on his tombstone,
Nevertheless, especially as he ls past
the stage when a little praise is likely to result in a large head,- we feel
impelled to admit that we do not altogether dislike Gribble personally,
while as a speaker he impresses us
with the idea that he is a natural-
born orator who refuses to orate,
seeming aware that Socialist propaganda, to be really effective, calls, not
for oratory, but for a clear and concise presentation of the hard facts of
working class enslavement, Its cause
and cure.
As an organizer his work in the
Maritime Provinces speaks for Itself;
but a closer acquaintance shows 'hat
he possesses a clear understanding
of the actual spade work of up-building an organization, which, though not
so spectacular as the speaker's function, Is far moro important, especially
after the framework ot the organization litis'reached large enough proportions.
In Ibis capacity, fiere Is no Province that needs him worse Ihan B. C,
where the Party has now attained to
the stage at which the detail work of
organization In each locality Is the
most pressing necessity. Wo hope,
therefore, thai steps will be taken to
raise sufficient funds In the Province
so that we may recall him after his
Dominion tour, and place iitin permanently lu the field in B. C, for, while
we have several able speakers, we
doubt If we have as capable an organizer,
He is now headed eastward again
with the Idea of hrtntlng a master
when he arrives in Toronto, but we
are of opinion that the Party will
make a mistake If it ever allows him
to drive another nail except In capitalism's coffin.
(Vancouver World, please copy.)
In the Clarion issue of the 27th of
November I notice an article by G.
W. W. (Wrigley, I suppose), ln which,
among other things, he takes Haywood
to task for "the too familiar economic
error of saying the workers pay for
the Dreadnoaghts." Now, who ln hell
does pay for them, If the workers
The building of the Dreadnaughts
is financed by means of taxes, direct
and indirect, levied on the nation at
large, to defray the expenses of government, and other public services;
and, so far as I have ever known, are
payable in coin of the realm—money,
Money Is a medium of exchange, a
central commodity in which all other
commodities express themselves, the
commodity labor-power Included.
Money itself is not wealth, but an expression of wealth, and ls only useful
insofar as its purchasing powers are
concerned. If Andrew Carnegie and
all his billions were marooned on some
uninhabited island in mid-ocean, of
what use would they be to him?
Wealth is all and only such objects
as have both utility and can be appropriated in exclusive possession, and
therefore exchanged.   Labor, and labor
—.~~.   *»«,**«.,  ja. v.,  flv.  au—-JuEBTB
every  Sunday  7:30 p.m.  in McGregor
Hall   (Miner's   Hall),   Mr*.   Thornley
LOOA-C aOHIAXB, Mo. as, a. ». or a.
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday a?
V30 Pi.m„A- McLeod. Secy.,""
Box. i7,*- Rossland Finnish Branch
meets ln Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. m A. Sebble. Seoy., P. o" Box
78", Rossland, B. C. ",-..-
alone, produces all wealth.
Your industrious capitalist, or blue-1 au\y pruned down under co-operation
have coralled, or to their ability to
misrepresent Its quantity.
You see, whether they like it or not,
they must "divide up" to ensure the
ownership of their possessions. (This
is their method of state insurance.)
The "aristocrats of labor," also, if
Dame Fortune should chance to smile
on them, will also have to contribute
a certain amount from their income.
Then again there are taxes on tobacco,
sugar, clothing, etc., poll taxes, and
so on, which are levied on worker ami
capitalist alike, and other levies too
numerous to mention. Of course,
there is no "robbery in consumption"
here, since allowance was made for
these taxes in the wages paid the
worker at the point of production;
otherwise, his wage would be below
the cost of maintenance and propagation.
This smooth trick of having the
worker contribute personally towards
the maintenance of the state, is the
choicest of the entire capitalistic arsenal, as it leads him into believing
he has a say in the running of the
state, and consequently keeps him
from seeing hiB real condition. He
thus produces all the wealth; the
major portion is taken by the industrial capitalist, who contributes a portion to the state; and out of the portion left the worker, he also contributes to the state.
There ls one outcome of this complex Boclal system of production which
keeps many from grasping Socialism;
and that Is the army of mental work-
era, the managers, foremen, clerks,
draughtsmen, engineers, etc., who are
not actual wealth producers, but are,
just the same, u necessary part ot the
machinery of production. Now, according to the SociallBt doctrine, they
are entitled to a portion of the wealth
produced equivalent to the socially
necessary labor which they perform.
This, and no more. There are no
PROFITS coming to them. It is these
profit prophets who own the earth (or
think they do) that we are after.
This competitive system keeps a large
unnecessary army on the payroll,
whose only function is to fight their
"master's" battle for a share in the
spoils;  and which would be consider
tlve Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary wlll be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. Saltzman, Room 16, Harrison Block, Winnipeg, Man.
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C.V Frank
Phillips. Organiser; I. A. Austin. Secy.
meets every Sunday at 8:81) p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Matt Hallday, Organ-
lzer.    H.  K. Maclnnls, Secretary.
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 1st nnd 3rd
Mondays. Organizer. W. Gribble, 131
Hogarth 'Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave. G. Colombo,
Italian Organizer. 224 Chestnut St.   .
tive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canaan.- Meets every second ami
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKln-
noii's, Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Box 13, Glace Bay. X. S.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. W.
I". Ferry, Secretary, Box 836.
LOOAX,    XVKlaFAXL,    ALTA.,   BO.   3—
Charter hangs ln secretary's log
shack, Hurdscrabblc Ranch, 12 miles
West of Bowden. Business meetings
twice a month. Capitalism vs. Socialism continually being debated by ths
Eeneral public and members of tha
local. Sky pilots and flunkey poltl-
clans cordially Invited to call and participate ln the sport. Secretary, S W
""S** 0AtO**T' ****-. *0. 4, a. T.
ot C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and  Reading Room,     Labor Hall, D. A.
McLean,     Box G47.    Secretary,   A.    Mac
doaald. Organizer,    Box 647
P of C. meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL  VANCOUVER,   B.   C,    BO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth (Thursdays in the month at 151
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Matt Martina.
blooded aristocrat, can plan and
scheme from now till doomsday, but
all he can produce is a violent headache—If he should happen to have
brains to produce even that.
Labor, then, produces the wealth;
but unless the laborer has access to
the means of wealth production—the
mills, mines and factories—he is helpless, and cannot bring his labor-power
Into action.
Under present conditions, the capitalist owns and controls the means of
wealth production; and to him the
laborer must apply for liberty to toll
so that he may produce enough wealth
to sustain himself and those dependant
on him—among whom are numbered
the capitalist and his camp followers.
He therefore applies—and let us suppose for charity's sake—that the capitalist sees an opportunity of squeezing
some profit out of him and sets him
to work. We will now do a little approximate figuring. Suppose the worker be hired to work ten hours, for
which he Is paid two dollars; thai is,
for two dollars he resigns ownership
of Ihe value he can produce in ten
hours' work. This two dollars is the
minimum wage, In thai locality, that
he can maintain himself (or herself,
tor that matter) and reproduce his
species, or raise a family on. (This
wage varies in varying localities, in accordance with the cost of living (here,
and perhaps other local conditions;
bul its average is just the cost of
subsistence nnd propagation, This, is
why the single individual, having no
family lo support, finds himself with, a
few odd dollars on ,hand which he.
usually blows in on "wine, women and
song" and then kicks himself for not
saving it and becoming a millionaire.)
Suppose again, that in two hours'
labor he can produce commodities
equal lo the value of this minimum
wage; there are then ten minus two,
or eight hours left, the product of
hlch the capitalist corrals by virtue
' his ownership of ihe moans of pro-
free   c
Also, the vast army of unemployed
would be put to work. It is this sys
tern of organized disorganization which
compels the workers to toll anywhere
from ten to twenty-four hours for a
bare living. Thus the state Is maintained from the wealth which the
workers alone produce; ami from this
wealth the Dreadnaughts are con
It all amounts to this:
Here Is the man with the horny hand,
Who makes the wealth,
Which the burgeols takes,
And keeps the state,
Which builds the ships,
And drills the army,
And fat policemen,
To keep the man with the horny hand
Making Ihe wealth,
Which     ....
Oh, hell;  cun't you see through It
At the next meeting of the Dominion Executive, a date wlll be set for
the drawing to take place, so If you
want a chance at this Library of Original Sources, get busy now. This
work wbuld be a valuable addition
to any Local's Library. Comrades
who have tickets to sell should return the stubs to this office as soon
as possible.
Tickets $1.00 each.
If you want a bound volume of the
i Clarion for 1909 you had better order I duel Ion,  nnd   by  tho  "free   contract"
wheat.    To  keep  down   the  price  of now.    Only as-many volumes as are | ol dm worker when ho undertook tho
wheat  is a proposition  that does not i ordered  will  be  bound.   .Last year a I job.
appeal to Ihe farmer, and tie  Is the  number of Comrades got left by not'    Out  of the  product  or  this    eight
man Hint raises the wheat.   So wlinl  ordering in time. hours, out of this surplus produ t, or
are you going to do about It. |.. Price $2.50. |  urplns value, the Industrial en   mllst
Job tahdotte jotakin tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismih edistyksesta Canadassa,
'      niin tilatkaa kohta.
Box 197, Port Arthur, Ont.
Se on Canadassa ainoa'Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokktin tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Maksaa alnoostaan, $1.50 vuosikerta
"Vakalcuka" Maksaa, $1.25
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Orand
Theatre. Jas. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night in the
Miners' Hall and Opera .House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m..62? Flr-t s . Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. iiuutbach,
Secy.. 161 First St. S.; It. MacQuarrie,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
qimrurs, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide Street
opp.Kobltn Hotel. Businessmeetlngevery
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. \V. Cummlngs, Organizer. Secretary, Jas. Thomson, 664
Agnes St.
LOOAL  NANAIHO, NO.  3,  I.  P.  Of  O.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockj
Jack  Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box  826.
LOCAL   FBRNIB,   8.   P.   of   O,   HOLD*
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Bualness meeting first Sunday ln each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec.. Box 164.
C, meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Bualness
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month     Geo   il,:i herlon.  organizer; R   J
Campbell, Secretary, Box 124.
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
In Timmlns' Hall, cor.'of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Edgar smith, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
P. of C. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m., the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman.
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer
LOCAL     PRINCE     RUPERT,     B.     C,
meets every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various hnlls. J. 13,
King,  Secretary.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave
Parker. Williams. See., Ladysmith, It. C
llsh    Branch. Business    meeting*
every second and fourth Thursdays In
each month, at Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide St. W. Speakers' Class meets
every Tuesday at 134 Hogarth Ave.
Will. R. Hllbert, Recording Secretary,
42 Beverley St.
Business meeting 1st Sunday tn
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Roberts-
Allan Hall, 78 Rldeau St. A. J. Mc-
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
LOOAL   COBALT,   NO.   S,  B.  P.  OP   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miner*'
Hall. Everybody Invited to' attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOOAL   BERLIN,   ONT.,   NO.- 4,   B.   P.
of C, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at S p.m., 65
King St. E„ opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 61 Weber St. E.
P. of O.—Meets In Labor Hall, St.
Dominique street. Sundays at 3 p. m.
Headquarters No. 1 St. Charles Bor-
romee St. I..-n Jacks .Secretary, 7^ 1-1
St. CatherinesW.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald'.s hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary. Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland, Organizer, New Aberdeen: H. G.
Ross. Financial Secretary, ulllce In 1).
N. Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Directory of Western Federation  of Miners in British
Executive Board Member ....       Wm, Davidson, Sandon
President Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Vice-President Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
Secretary-Treasurer .... -A. Shilland, Sandon
No.      Name Meeting Pre*. Sec'y. P.O. Add.
Night Box
Camborne ....
Grand Fork*..
Greenwood   ...
Kimberly   ....
M. & S. U.
8 Phoenix   	
Trail M & M..
86 Ymir
 C. Galrns	
Wm. Wlnalow 'James Tobtn	
Patrick O'Connor 'W. K. Haddeii	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett IT. H.  Rotherham.
Mike Mc Andrews.. H. T. Rainbow....
Joe Armstrong^. ;A.  E.  Carter......
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. Lundln  	
Malcolm  McNeill..
Paul   Phillips	
R. Silverthorn....
J. A. McKinnon...
L. R. Mclnnls....
Robert Malroy....
Blair Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh...
Wm. Ilesketh	
IA. Burgess	
J. Hays  	
James Koberts	
F. Phillips 	
W. A. Plckard...
Geo. Casey	
A.  Shilland	
Fred I.lebschcr..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.  B.  Mclsaac..
M Grand  Forks
Greenwood ■
Slocan City
Van Anda
Rand-Made  Roots nnd   Shoes 10 order in
nil styles.   Repairing promptly nnd neatly
ly done.     Stock  of fllnjjk-  rendy-iunde
Shoes Always on hand.
2456 Westminster Ave.
,/e solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers nnd others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business tronsacted
by Experts. Prelimiuaryadvice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York Life Bldg,
Montreal .* «ad Washington, D.C-, U-S-A-
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone sending a sketch and description hist
Liilcklr MOflrtain our opinion ffoo whoUior an
Invoutlon in probably patentable. Cotiimtinlon--
Uons strictly emitldontlal. HANDBOOK on Patents
sent freo. Oldest aitoncy for securing patents.
Patents taken ibrmnjb. Munn <fc Co. receive
•pedal notice, without ohnrne. In the
Scientific American.
A handsomely illustrated weekly. I-nrpent circulation of any scientific journal. Terms, $3 a
year: four months, IL Sold by all newsdealers.
MUNN &Co.3fl,B'°"-" New York
Branch Offlos. 836 r SU Washington. P. C.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
City Hall
Vancouver B. C.
  - SATURDAY,  DECEMBER  18th,  1909.
Tb1' Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies wlll be furnisher] Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)  $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each       .01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform  and   application  blank
per 100  25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100 60
Ditto in Italian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each  20
Ditto. Finnish, per dozen 50
Meeting Monday Dec. 13th. 1909.
Present, Comrades Karme (chairman), Klngsley, Lambert, Mengel, Morgan, Peterson Stebblngs, and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Maritime, Ontario, Manitoba and Alberta Executive. From Locals, Glace
Bay, Sydney Mines, and Halifax N. S.,
Toronto, Ont. and from Organizer O'
Report from Organizer Gribble received.
Charter of Local Toronto, Ontario
No. 1 revoked, and its branches requested to make application for charter as separate Locals. Local No. 24
designated to fill vacancies on the executive in the meantime.
In the case of Comrade Koenlg,
ruled that, having become a resident
of Toronto for a considerable period,
he was not eligible as a delegate from
Brockville to the Ontario Provincial
Alberta Executive   18.00
Sidney Mines N. S„ stamps     2.00
Halifax, N. S„ Btamps     1.00
Buttons and  literature     2.00
B. C. Provincial Executive  50.00
Total    $73.00
Warrants Authorized to:
Orgontzer   O'Brien $50,00
Organizer Gribble    50.00
Printing     8.50
Total    $108.50
Meeting Monday Dec 13th, 1909.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Fernle, Moyie, Nelson, Grand
Forks, Phoenix, Sandon, Revelstoke,
Mara, Kamloops, Ladysmlth, Victoria,
and Prince Rupert, and Comrade
Local   Moyie,  stamps  and  supplies        3.75
Local       Phoenix       (Ukrainian,
stamps         5.00
Local Prince Rupert, stamps     5.00
Local Fernle, Stamps   10.00
Local  Nelson,  Stamps     5.00
Local Sandon, stamps      5.00
Local Kamloops, stamps      2.00
Local Vancouver, Posters      7.50
Organizer Fitzgerald', surplus... 10.00
Total    ....'..$63.25
Warrants authorized for postage,
$3.00; to Dominion Executive for supplies $50.00.
Report of Organizer Fitzgerald received.
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
Of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 25c, by mail
—Merrie England; Britain for the
British, Blatchford. 20c. each by
mail,   Send for Catalogue.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Meeting, December 6th.
Present—Penner (chairman), Saltzman, Voss, Fisher, Stechlckin; also
Stebblngs and Cummlngs, special delegates of English Winnipeg Local.
Minutes read and approved.
Communications from Organizer E.
Fulcher (three), Geo. Toseland, W. H.
Hoop, Dominion Executive Committee, Local Brandon (report), and
Ukranlan branch of Brandon.
Formation of an Ukranian branch
at Brandon approved of.
Provincial convention called on December 19th at 3 o'clock ln the afternoon at the Pastime Theatre, Winnipeg. Questions of grave importance
to be decided.
Warrant drawn to Organizer Fulcher, $12.47.
Ukranlan Branch, Brandon, Man.,
stamps  $2.60
English Local, Winnipeg, stamps
and due cards  5.10
Ukranian  Local,  Winnipeg,
stamps  1.00
Lettish Branch, Winnipeg, stamps 2.00
■.    •   Recording Secretary..
Regular fortnightly meeting of the
Maritime Provincial Executive Committee. Comrade McLeod elected
Communications were read from
Comrades McKenzie and Filmore.
The secretary was Instructed to
write the Locals of the Maritime and
find out the number of members in
good standing in the provinces. It
was also decided to carry a card in the
Clarion. >
Yours in revolt,
Box 13, Glace Bay, N. S.
Phone B331 413 Prior Street
Vancouver, B.C.
' Expenditure*.
Rent of halls $ 87.00
Printing    59.75
Advertising      19.00
Bill Posting    35.00
Campaign Clarions    40.00
Petty Expenses      9.40
Hay and oats for the scrutineers  20,00
Candidates' Deposits   500.00
H. Mclnnes, $1; J. Johnson, $1; F.
Haigh, $1; A. J. Wilson, $2; F. Hoover, $1.25; M. S. Nielson, $1; E. Bird,
$25;  M. Johnson, $1; Rene Gene, $1;
A. Green, $1; J. Lee, $5; V. R. Midg-
ley, $1; J. Donohue, $1; F. Bowman,
60c; O. Mengel, $2.50;  Mrs. Dalk, $1;
B. S. R., $2; E. Peel, $1; F. Dalk, $1;
J. Hislop, 50c; Nemo, 50c; J. A., $1;
G. L., $1; W. Foster, $2; W. G. Scott,
50c; J. E. Chambers, $1; C. Peters,
$3; F. Bowman, 50c; J. Donohue, $1;
Tracy, $1; J. C, Keefer "Station, $20;
Pr. V. Sleuter, $3.50; Collections at
meetings, $109.95.
Total    $935.55
Total Expenses  770.15
Balance  $166.40
Dec. 11th, 1909.
Examined and found correct,—
Dec. 11th, 1909.
•   •   •
The way the money has come in to
defray the expenses of the Provincial
campaign, just over, is a good sign,
and shows how the Socialist movement has advanced in this city since
the last election. The wage slave Is
slowly but steadily realizing that he
can only better his condition by his
own efforts, and the sooner he becomes convinced of this and takes up
the study of how he is robbed of what
he produces, he will understand the
reason for the poverty, misery and
degradation of his class, and will work
for the overthrow of the capitalist
system and his own emancipation.
The revolution is on, and will have
to be fought to a finish. There can
only be one outcome to the struggle,
and that is the rending of the chains
of slavery.
Heaslip has donated $2 for the next
campaign fund, a proof if any is necessary, that the end of our campaign is
but the beginning of the next.
Previously acknowledged, $303.60;
,T. A. Petersen. $6; H. S. Faulkner,
$5; J. H. McVety, $5; L. E. Seney, $2;
E. Lothian, $5; F. Godin, $2; S.
Brown, $2; J. Carson, $5; D. Galloway,
$3; A Friend. $5; D. Black, $1; R.
Black. $1; A. R. Stebbings, $25 j Lane,
25c; Eastman, $1; G. Worth, ?5; J. F.
Jamieson, $1; Mrs. M., $1; Lady Comrade. $2.50; Friend, $2; R. Schilling.
$5; E. Lothian. $1; P. M. S., $5; J.
Rolls, $2; W. P. Black, $1; W. Byatt,
$2; Friend, $1:50; J. P. L., 50c; Vancouver Trade Council, tug of war
team, $5; J. Delaney, lf5; Friend, $3;
J. Smith, 50c; H. Blake, $1.50; A
Slave, $10; B. J. L„ $5; R., P. Petti-
plece, $20'; Friend. $10; Friend, $1;
Friend, $2; Friend, $1; E. T. K„ $20;
J. Doe, $5; M. McJ., $10; J. Hird, $1;
E. W. Wright, $2.50; C. Fick, $2.50;
Pr. Mrs. H. Bone, $7.25; S, McKinnon,
$1; S. L., $1; H. S., $1; E. Welsby,
$2; L. O, $50; J. Klein, $5; B., $1; W.,
$2; M., $1; H. Grimes, $1; W. Mclnnes,
$2; F. Perry, $2; J. Rlntoul, $1; N.
Lambert, $2; W. A. Macklin, $5; J.
Parliament, $1; B. Parliament, 50c; J.
McKenzie, $10; E. Clough, 50c; D. Forrest, $5; R. Kurtzhals, $2.50; O. Kurtz-
hals, $2.50; J. V. Purvlance, $5;. L. T.
English, $2; Pr. English, $36.50; ,1.
Bradley, $2; F. Slater, $5; J, S., 50c;
II. S„ $1; H. B., $1; A. Tetzlass, $1;
C. Nock, $2; A. R. Black, $2; J. V. Kin-
near. $0; J. Harling, $2; Cigar Makers,
$8.75; Friend, ijl; Jas. H. M., $10; H.
Orr, $3; F. Holloway, $2; J. S.. $5;
Shilvock Bros., $5; J. L. P., $2; Jlc-
Genty, $2; M. Palura, 5Qc; M. Brigs,
50c; O. Mighton, 50c; J. Delamoie,
50c; G. Hawkrigg, 50c; It, Burton.
50c; J. Burke, 50c; J. Smith, $1; H.
Brown, $1; Mrs. B. Gale, $1; B. Gale,
$1; T. Cvompton, 25c; One Who Is
Afraid, $1; Friend, $10; H..-Koliham-
nier, $1; A. B. Clement, $1; A. Beas-
loy, $1; D. Thomas, $1; J. Robertson,
25c; A. Cawley, $1; A. B. Bacon, 50c;
Dear Comrade,—
Enclosed find official returns for
Fernle riding: Fisher, 405; Harrington, 649; Ross, 795.
The result is frankly a disappointment to us, Fernle City especially so.
There is no doubt that the polling was
unusually heavy, and our committee
only figured on fourteen or fifteen hundred votes being cast. We believe that
a very large number of dead ones
were rung In on us, ln fact we have
evidence of all ktnds of crooked work
on the part of the Conservatives, but
we cannot get sufneent witnesses to
take the stand and show the game
up in the courts.
Our total vote is fairly respectable,
although not what we expected. Fernle Local ls taking a new lease of life
since the election, and I believe the
work will be placed on a better organized basis, so that we will be able
to deliver the message to all parts
of the riding, several of the smaller
places in which Socialism was expounded for the first time by a student of the subject during the recent
Comrade Harrington made a brave
flghl on behalf of his class, his address
on the night of the 23rd, in a joint
meeting of the three parties, being a
credit to himself and an education to
his hearers. It was simply splendid
to see a coal digger get up on his feet
and show that audience that his two
opponents, although reputable I?)
lawyers, were not ln the same class—
educationallj—with their despised Socialist opponent.
Of course, Comrade Harrington had
a message to deliver, and left the question of practical politics—always a
dirty business, consisting of an exposure of the thieving propensities of
each other by the two old parties
to his opponents.
The fight was worth the money, and
our ultimate success is assured.
Yours in tne scrap,
a way that wlll surely hasten the overthrow of the present Industrial system.
We want more men like. Comrade
Haywood; aye, and women also,
strong-minded and true, who will take
their stand for justice and truth and
will protest against a system which
values profit before the lives of our
children, who will be true to their convictions, even though they suffer Imprisonment for them.
After the lecture, Comrade Williamson, who made an Ideal chairman,
asked If any of the audience wished
to put a question to the lecturer, but
our opponents were absent. Amongst
those on the platform were: H. A.
Russel, author of "Progress and Poll-
tics." Comrade Williamson, who lately arrived from Scotland, where he
took a prominent part ln the movement. He wlll be a valuable man ln
the branch, being a good worker and
fluent speaker.
One of our Local meetings was devoted to a debate on propaganda work,
and the suggestion was put forward
to start a Socialist Sunday school, so
we could Influence the children at the
most Impressionable age. We are
starting a class for the study of economics.
We are also tn need of speakers
and would like to hear from any comrade residing in or visiting Halifax.
Yours for revolt,
Secy.  Halifax Local.
Demand  Cigars Bearing this Label
MtfMUpnB union of fjStnel.
Union-made Cigars. , ,
|/S?CiK&V <B"f GfrUfifJ. MMOinMiMkUs-balMbwMt-sfct^ilM
ftnaUtmvSl   e*i*n«mK»mnwuain<m.mii* /*««•. utoutium dait-'t-ihad ■'
i-\   m^/7l    f»*»C^inteiSMBfcifmiMs-inn>j-wrti.
yX'T?%y Omni i -»»ite ubiggjatB <«»»•«-to im.
fmf, "Ksa&V" siant C cmv,fA**ia
Which Stands for a Living Wag'e
Vancouver Local 357.
Editor Western Clarion,—
Our Local was organized by Comrade Gribble about nine weeks a(-:o.
It lias been slow, up-hill work to try
and organize a branch when the plutas'
press does everything possible to bring
the  movement  Into  disrepute*
, We had Wm. D. Haywood to address a public meeting held in one
of the finest halls in the city. The
hull belonged to the principal Episcopal church. The plute press who evidently did not like the pertinent criticisms directed against the present system, commenting on the meeting said,
"that the hall might have been devoted
to a better purpose than sheltering a
man who abused the clergy and the
The audience  was a representative
one, trade unionists, clergymen, educationalists, etc.   Araongsl those present were Dr. McGill, professor/ or sociology in Dalhotisio University;  Rev.
j,    il.   Pennoyer   of   Unlv'ersallsts'
(■lunch.    Comrade   llnywood  was   lis-
j toned to with  great    attention,    the
audience becoming quite enthusiastic
I occasionally.   He turned the limelight
! on the dark places of the class war in
Mr. Untermann says that Karl Marx
has hinted that there are two ways in
which the workers are exploited as
consumers. In this letter we wiii
take up one of those ways and see
whether Mr. Untermann's interpretation of those hints are consistent with
the theory of value of Karl Marx.
But flrst we had better make sure that
we correctly understand what Marx'
theory of value really Is.
According to Marx, there are two
factors which go to determine the
value of anything: "Socially necessary labor time" and "the average degree of skill and intensity prevalent
at the time." The former has reference to the quantity of something, and
the latter has reference to the quality
of something. The value of a particular article is therefore determined by
the average social labor time, and the
average degree of skill prevalent at
the time, or, ln other words, we may
say that the value of an article is determined by the average productivity
of social labor-power. Now, that word
''average" means the medium, or mean
proportion between certain . given
quantities, or certain given qualities.
In making shoes, for instance, there
are a certain number of shoes of a
certain kind which were made in less
than the average labor time, and there
are an equal number of shoes which
consumed more than the average
labor time in making, but the value of
a particular pair of shoes is determined by the average labor time.
Those shoes which consumed more
than the average labor time in making, are counterbalanced by those
shoes which consumed less than the
average labor time in making. So
with the workers; there are as many
workmen whose skill as shoemakers
is above the average, as there are
whose skill is below the average, but
those workmen whose skill as shoemakers is below the average are
counterbalanced by those other workmen whose skill is above the average. It is the average productivity of
the workers who are necessarily employed, directly and Indirectly in making Bhoes that determines the value of
The same ls true regarding groups
of Workmen working in different Hues
of Industry. There are certain groups
of workmen whose average productivity is permanently above the social
average, and it is Just us certain that
there are other groups whose average
productivity is permanently below the
social average. That Is, the "collective power of masses" are different
with different groifps at different times
and places. Aud there are other
! groups which are sometimes above,
land at other limes below the social
average, according to circumstances.
j Looking at the Industrial class as a
whole, there are many different degrees of productivity within the class,
!but they counterbalance each other.
It ls the average productivity of the
working class as a whole that deter-
! mines value. We must not lose sight
of this process ot counterbalancing;
lt ls a factor that is at work In every
department of life.
Let us now return to Mr. Untermann's proposition in which he contends that the workers are exploited
as consumers: "Through an increase
of the value of other products, which
is not counterbalanced by an increase
in the relative value of his wages."
Mr. Untermann uddB that "other products" here ma) be "sold at their
actual labor values." 1 presume he
does not menu all »■' 31■ -1" products, but
only some Other products; and that
"his wages'' may mi an wages as
measured in labor values, and that -his
labor-power is sold al a relatively lower value Ihan the labor-power produc
ing "other products." We will consider the proposition by putting lt Into
other words thus:
When a rise takes place in the
labor value of A, which Is not counterbalanced by a relative rise in the
labor value of B, B will purchase less
of A than formerly; or, for a given
quantity of product A, more of B must
be given in exchange than formerly.
Therefore, says Mr. Untermann, that
extra Increment of labor values which
B must give in exchange for A are
exploited values which land ln the
pockets of the capitalists. It Is assumed, of course, that B wlll keep on
purchasing the same quantity ot A, as
he did before the rise, which ls contrary to practice.
Now, this ts looking at the exchange
process through a one-eyed monocle.
If Mr. Untermann will change his monocle over to the other eye and look
again, he will see that an Increase in
the value of "other products" will
purchase, not only more of product B,
but also more of C and D and E, which
will tend to Increase the demand for
those other products, and wlll result
ln a relative increase in the value of
"his wages." Or, with the mobility of
capital and labor, being attracted by a
rise ln the purchasing power of "other
products," will soon bring their values
down to their former level, and, which
Is often the case, below their former
Again, if "other products" are sold
at their actual labor values, the value
of the wages of the workers producing
them are correspondingly higher than
the value of "his wages." In that case,
the lower purchasing power of "his
wages" is not exploited in exchange
by the capitalists, but is absorbed by
the relatively higher purchasing power
of the wages of those workers producing "other products." The lower purchasing power of one is counterbalanced by the higher purchasing power
of the other, and taking the two together their mean average corresponds to
the social average.
Actual experience on the market
proves that while some products are
sold at their actual labor values, the
greater portion of them are not. Some
products are sold at much below their
labor values, while others are sold at
much above their labor values. Those
products which are sold by the capitalists at a price below their labor
values are counterbalanced by those
other products which are Bold at a
price above their labor values, and
taking those labor values as a whole,
they are exchanged on an average at
their actual labor values, and there
is no exploitation at the point of consumption. A decrease in the purchasing power ot a given group of
labor values ls always counterbal
anced by a relative increase ln the
purchasing power of other groups of
labor values.
Assuming that the workers can be
exploited at any stage in the exchange
of labor values, there are certain conditions necessary in order that this
proposition we are considering will
"work" in exploiting labor as consumers, and these are: (1) that "his
wages" will keep on exchanging for
the same quantity of "other products"
after the rise as it did before the rise;
(2) that there are no substitutes for
"other products" among the lower
priced products; (3) that the relative
decrease in the purchasing power of
"his wages" is not counterbalanced
by a relative increase in the purchasing power of other wages.
In concluding this letter, I ask, what
Joes the worker really exchange for
"other products," anyway? Mr. Untermann says, "The value of his
wages." That Is, a certain quantity of
labor values represented by money In
hand. Does Marx even hint that the
workers are exploited in the exchange
of labor values for labor values? I
think Marx has hinted pretty plainly
that labor is exploited In the PRODUC
TION of labor values, and not in their
exchange. The worker cannot be exploited In the exchange of labor
values until ho owns them. All he
owns Is a title to a portion of Ihe
labor values which are In the posses
sion of the capitalist class, and which
lie receives in exchange for the use
of Ills labor power. He passes the
title over the counter and receives Ils
face value in laboi values, lie wlll
tool Mr, Untermann and the capitalists by not Inlying any of the "other
products," bul will liny a substitute
from the lower priced products.
We will leave this proposition for
the present and take up Mr. Unter
maiin's proposition No. 2 In our next.
hector n. Mcdonald,
Jfere andTfow
Have you got your gun ready; 1
mean Is your inline on the voters' list,
li is the worker who falls to register
that keeps the rest back.
50c per year
Two for a dollar
Six months 25c,
Published at CoWansvllle, P.O.
Readers should watch carefully the
number that ls -printed on the address
label and renew before sub expires.
It is a serious drain on the finances
as well as on the circulation of the
Clarion when Socialists, who are
aware of the importance of having a
Party paper printed, neglect to keep
their subscriptions paid up.
• •   •
If the number 559 Is on the address
label your subscription expires with
the next Issue after this one. If the
number is anything less than 66S you
should get ready to renew. In order
to keep in touch with the labor movement In Canada and also to keep yourself up-to-date regarding the newest
phases of the movement It is necessary that you get your paper and carefully peruse It every week. By this
means you will also help to keep the
circulation Increasing as It should.
• •   «
Comrade Lestor, Vancouver, rustles
up a list of' seven new subs, and a
renewal this week.
• •   •
Comrade Geo. Armstrong, treasurer,
of the Literature Committee, of Local
Winnipeg, orders a dollar's worth of
Gabriel Devllle's "Socialism—Revolution and International," and writes
for a catalogue.
• •   *
Comrade W. E. Hadden, Grand
Forks, pays for campaign bundle and
sends in a yearly sub.
• •   •
A pair of yearlles arrive from New
Westminster, B. ti.', as the result of a
stunt by Comrade J. Rolls.
• •      Si
The "fair wage clause" (?) in the
Grand Trunk Pacific agreement ts
making lots of investigators. Comrade
T. Y. Mackay, Prince Rupert, dlscov-'
ers two slaves who are willing to find
out why, and sends them In for treatment.
• •   •
Comrade I. A. Austin, Nelson, B.C.
rustles up two new readers for the
Clarion and reports the spirit as
"moving" ln that "neck of the woods."
• •   • _
Ever at lt, Comrade H. Colllngwood,
North Battleford, Sask., comes along
again with two yearlles.
• • •
"Every new reader for the Clarion
is a blow aimed at the heart of capital," writes Comrade G. Bloomfleld,
South Hill, B. C, and adds two more
to the list.
• •   •
Comrade F. Blake, Edmonton, Alta,,
has been keeping up a running fight
after undesirables for some time, and
a bunch of five this week is evidence
that he is "catching 'em."
• •   '•
Two subs from Comrade John Harrington, Fernie, show that Jack has
some fight left In him yet.
• •   •
Three subs, and a renewal to hand
per Comrade W. Moore, Toronto, Ont.,
and 50c. to Clarion Maintenance Fund
from Comrade J. Stewart, same place.
• •   •
New subs and renewals from the
following this week. Are you helping?:
• •   •
C. J. Weaver, Minneapolis, Minn.,
U. S. A.; C. M. O'Brien, M.P.P., Sterling, Alta; H. N. McDonald, Toronto,
Ont; Mrs. J. G. Morgan, Vancouver,
B. C; W. K. Bryce, Bernard, Sask.;
Wm. Craig, Riondel, B. C; H. S. W.,
Hillcrest, B C.j "Rebel-at-Large" Car-
macks, Y. T.; A. F. Cobb, Okotoks,
Alta.; A. Cooper, Toronto, Ont.; A.
Shlllann, Sandon, B. C.
• •   •
Comrade A. T. Bllton, Elkhorn.Man.,
encloses 60 ccntB for a Party Button.
• •   •
Wlll comrades ln the United States
please note that U. S. stamps are not
legal tender In Canada. A postal noto
or order Is the real goods.
• *   *
$15.00 pays for 100 subs for three
months,    Send W ymir orders.
• *    *
A poor unfortunate caught begging
got six months hard labor for being
hungry, Magistrate Williams passed
aente. e on him, and when he did so,
he as carrying out the wishes of the
workingmen of Vancouver us expressed al the ballot box on November
2r.ili, so there is no kick coming,
• »    *
There is going to be an election
In B. C; within the next four years.
The Conservative campaign cry will
be "Let McBride finish bis work."
(The Canadian Northern may be halt
built by that time) Lei the Soelnllst
Party finish its work then, and in order lo finish then, let's begin NOW.
ik vou
neighbors, send
for a bundle of
"Rofeotchy} Narod"
the organ of the
Ukrainian' com-
rades in Canada.
50 cents
a year
135 Stephen St.
Winnipeg, M-n. •■OUR
SATURDAY,  DECEMBER  18th,   1909,
At the present rate of Capitalist development, society will, in the near
future, be one vast mass of combustible  matter.
It is for us to supply the spark that
will explode the present system and
blow Capitalism nnd all belonging to
it—to the  devil.
Dick McBride and his gang have been
hoisted upon the box of the political
chariot. Dick got the reins and the
workers of this province cordially Invited him to ride rough Bhod over them
and theirs. "For what you are about
to receive may the Lord make you
truly thankful."
Magistrate Williams will still Inflict
the wishes of the Capitalist Class upon our class preceded by the usual
mummeries and the best legal gibberish. Mines will still give up their
ghastly testimony to the parasite's
greed and the carefully chosen Jury's
be recommended to receive payment
for their services, when these useful
creatures sit upon the murdered bod
ies and return verdicts In beautiful
harmony with the wishes of those
whose llckspltles they are. The wage
slave will haunt tbe slave market In
the winter's cold and In summer heat
and feel, often ln vain, tbe wherewithal to buy a job.
What a glorious outlook! How
beautiful the prospect. This ls what
the wage plug has voted for. There
is a consolation to the rebel ln the
fact that he Is sure to get. it. It will
be a source of grim satisfaction to us
to watch the fresh air of starvation
blow the cobwebs out of his cocoanut.
We must endeavor to assist him to
find out what he Is sure to learn, If he
lives long enough. *•-
We can now expect events to come
quick and thick. The immediate fu.
ture promises to provide some start'
ling changes. The old institutions
and the old constitutions are going to
be torn up by the roots. The harvest of misery, filth and degradation
sown in the process of Capitalist development Is about to be gathered in
and the seed of the next order of society to be scattered over the earth.
Capitalism is about to begin its death
dance and sing its swan song.
It is the nature of a devil to tear
and rend the body of its victim before
is cast out. The devil of Capital-
will be no exception to the rule,
tt is apparent that the war preparations indulged in at the present time
by the great nations of the world are
bq costly that It would be cheaper for
them to go to war than to remain
at peace. We can expect a period of
mitltary and naval activity immediate
ly. Nothing can prevent that, and, as
Wiltshlres points out, the Roman
Catholic Church is fully alive to the
situation and is preparing to take advantage of tbe tumult tbat must arise
to re-establish her power In those
countries where it has been recently
The situation in England is peculiar.
The agitation against the House of
Lords is a mere bogey. Had the Liberal Party possessed the slightest in
tentlon of abolishing that august assembly; .they would when the Lords
violated the constitution by interfering
with finance in deflnance of all preced-
dent bave left the Lords to appeal to
the country, by themselves declaring
the Budget the law of the land.
The English Capitalists are the
most cunning of all ruling classes.
While' the workers are busily engaged
in a desperate political struggle among
themselves about something of no con-
sequence to them the powers that be
can afford to chuckle. The I. L. P.,
S. D. P. and the the L. R. C. are all
caught ln the net. Socialist leaders
will now be addressing crowds of unemployed, side by' side with Capitalist M. Ps., telling them that If tbat
precious Budget Is passed everything
in the" garden will' be lovely.
The Budget' dr the Lords don't mat-,
ter a Damn to the Workers. Will the
Lords be abolished? No! The Liberal Party will need them again shortly
They cover a multitude of sins.
The Capitalist class in that country
have some desperate game In view,
for which this sham battle Is preparing the Way. Capitalism Is entering
upon that period of delirium predicted
by the founders of the Socialist philosophy.
Although the Socialists may scarcely realize lt the Capitalists regard
themselves as absolutely lhdtspenslble
to the community. This has been a
feature ot all ruling clases ln the past
After the French Revolution the remnants of the aristocracy of that country retired tb Ccblentz to await their
recall' by the people. They believed
the-people could not exist without
We can expect a period of war arid
tumult ln the World, but although we
here ln British Columbia, are bound
to be affected' to some extent by these
international complications, yet we do
not expect them to affect the political,
situation in a manner likely to throw
us backward, rather the reverse. As
the class lines get tighter drawn the
conflict will develop a fierceness that
we at present have little conception
of. The numbers polled at the recent
election Indicate that we shall be
about the first to unmask the batter
les of the enemy.
Some of us are impatient and want
to move faster than we do but we
can only advance as the goad of econ
omic necessity moves our class to action. Is there a short cut anywhere
that the wit of man can discover, that
wlll lead us to the Socialist Republic
It Is just as far off as the intelligence
of the wage slave.
The Capitalists believe they rule
us for our good and the worst of lt Is
that many of our class believe it too.
To my mind the Socialist Party to be
true to its principles, should attack
every organization that has not for
Its whole and sole object, the abolition
of wage slavery. Working class solid
arity Is delayed by the existence of any
party, whether an avowed political
party or not, that is engaged in attempting to make conditions better under Capitalism.
We in Canada are particularly fortunate. We are on a sound foundation.
There is scarcely a Local ln the Dominion but what has, thanks to the
Clarion, members who thoroughly understand the proposition. The movement here ls built upon the everlasting rocks of truth and fact and not
upon the shifting sands of sentiment
and day-dreams.
No man expects that we shall win
by the ballot. "Force is the midwife
of every old Society pregnant' with a
new one and is in Itself, an economic
Where are we to obtain the power
to back up the verdict of the polls?
Parker Williams says, "The midwife
always arrives before the birth." It
is time the Comrades started trying
to discover her whereabouts.
The writer has been too long ln the
Socialist movement to lay down any
dogmas. He ventures to point out,
however, that although some of the
Comrades work like horses and all
must be given credit for doing their
best, still there is a lack of discipline
a lack of organization, which, if remedied, would very much improve things.
It is possible, nay it is necessary
that he should have a political machine as perfect in its way as the military system of a certain European
power. And this will be accomplished
with no increase of labor and with no
additional expenditure of cash, because
it will be both easier and cheaper,
when we develop a systematic method
of working than it ii at the present
What is' political organization? It
is class organization. This movement
of ours is to disclplne and drill the
working class until Jhey possess power sufficient to overthrow the enemy.
Individually, we are nothing, but together we are a mighty force, .and we
draw our strength from each other.
Our ranks are swelling bo rapidly that
our business meetings generally en
tall so much routine work that we ex
perlence great difficulty in introducing
new methods of either propaganda or
organization. It ls not too much to
say that we have in Vancouver sufficient force, If utilized to tbe best advantage, to place in the hands of
every person in the city a Socialist
leaflet In the short space of an hour.
But not without discipline, however
willing we may be, can we do anything.
We became Socialists sooner than
we otherwise should have done 1
cause we came ln contact with those
who could explain things which were
beckoning or compelling our investigation. Thousands more are willing,
nay anxious, for' our help in dispelling
the gloom in which their ignorance
envelopes them, if we get our heads
together as we should do, we can with
our present force create such a power
that at the next election we can overthrow capitalism ih British Columbia,
clean and completely.
We are In many Ways fortunately
situated. The geographical position Of
this province, as well as the absence
of slums, make lt fitted more than any
other to lead the way ln the mightiest
upheaval tbe world has ever known.
Editor Clarion,—
Dear Sir:—In the Clarion, Saturday,
November 27th. I read a letter by Ed.
Fulcher, entitled "Below Cost." He
endeavored to prove that the individual laborer himself received less than
his cost to produce him. I do not
think he has succeeded, his reasoning
being neither clear nor plain: His
definition of Labor Power and deductions from the same are also vague
and ambiguous.
We will deal With the last first.
Here Ib the definition:   "Labor power,
ir^Q®®®®®®®®®®®®®*®®®®®®®®®® ®®®RH
t«S      OM
the commodity that the laborer must
sell to remain alive, the only commodity that ln consumption gives out a
greater value Is the labor power of the
working class as a whole. Here let
it be noted, the first part of the definition defines labor power as an Individual commodity. In the second
part it Is a social commodity.
Mr. Fulcher goes on to say: "This
powei cannot be sold at less than cost
without destroying the whole working
class," but lt is defined as an indlv
idual commodity, so. it ls quite pos
sible for lt to be sold at less than
cost by Individuals. They may perish,
but not the whole working class. So
lt ls made plain that labor power can
be sold at less than cost without that
calamity predicted by Mr. Fulcher, oc
Labor power ls an Individual commodity." no two laborers having the
same amount or quantity. What steam
is to the engine, labor power Is to the
laborer. A balance has to be maintained between waste and repair.
Labor power ls inherent in the individual. No laborer, no labor power. If
the laborer is sold at less than cost
of production, the labor power must
be also. Tbe growth and .development
of tbe laborer is also the growth and
development of labor power.
I cannot accept the definition of the
cost of production pt a laborer. Mr.
Fulcher divides it Into two parts:
"First, the amount of clothing, food
and shelter necessary to keep him
alive and in fit condition to work from
day to day." This flrst part Bhould
be classified as COST OF MAINTENANCE, which is vastly different to
cost ot production. The cost of production ceases' as soon as the laborer
becomes self-supporting and produces
for himself. This cancels one-half of
Mr. Fulcher's estimate, which' Is a
very considerable reduction; and as
the remaining part of the letter Is
built upon tbe estimate, the whole
creation groaneth.
Mr. Fulcher says the average age of
the worker ls 33, and the marrying
age rapidly nearlng that. What a
glorious state of affairs lt will be
when we all get married at 33, and
this earthly tabernacle dissolves at
33! When Teddy's letter Is analysed,
absurdities are disclosed. What is
the average age of the non-worker?
That part of Mr. Fulcher's letter
to which he is Indebted to Hackel, is
very illuminating. I refer to those
pungent paragraphs on reproduction
He says the Individual is subordinate
to the race. That sounds Socialistic
I say the race is subordinate to the
individual. The first one splits into
two complete individuals, and so on
ad infinitum. 1 suppose when the first
split occurred, one was a Socialist
and the other one of those spineless
mules who wouldn't be a Socialist, for
that is what they are called in your
paper. The Socialists' contempt for
the rabble equals that of the capital-
lets, or Shakespeare's; but, however
let me tell the Socialists there are
more things in heaven and earth than
are dreamt of In your philosophy
Hackel may throw light on growth
and develdpment and reproduction
but in its ultimate essence nothing
can be known, not even Karl Marx's
"Capital." Who do you think is go
lng to read that voluminous profundity? Marx Ib buried beneath tbe ruins
and rubbish of his own structure. Of
course, the revolution must come In
the way predicted by Karl Marx, qulen
Whom do you Socialists mean by
the workers? You evidently seem to
be under the delusion that the wages
receiving portion of the community
constitute exclusively the* workers. If
a man has got the ability to make
money, he will make It. I go with
Untermann in that letter headed; "A
Word to the Wise.'*" He makes himself understood. I shall not vote for a
Socialist candidate If he does not vote
for reforms. While they are in a
minority they cannot bring their own
principles into action. I am not going to vote for a man to sit still and
draw his salary. As a matter Of fact,
the Socialist M.P.'s do vote' for reform.    See the B.  C.  program.
Socialists believe machlavelllanlsm
ls rampant ln the commercial world,
and' the tacts go to prove lt; but Socialists think all human acttbn ls governed' by low motives. Capitalists
don't believe Ih Jesus Christ. Socialism doesn't believe in a god. Why
do the heathen rage and the people
imagine a vain thing? And Teddy
Fulcher tells me under Socialism
there wouldn't be any government.
That beats the immaculate conception. The Socialists say, "Let's have
pure reason"; and When debating with
one of tnem on the existence of a God,
he said, "God' damn It, there ain't."
0, sancta slmpllcltus! The Socialists
Have no faith In their felldwman, and
when discussing Socialism With non-
Socialists, I find they have no faith
in Socialists. So Nemesis is on your
Yours truly,
315 Ciablitt. iMINW
The Best of Everythingv
Properly Cooked
Late accounts of tue mining disaster in Illinois show us what many
of us have known for some time, viz.,
that workers are not considered of
equal value with raw material or the
lower animals by the capitalist class.
These accounts also show us thai
Western Canada miners can expect
to be ground between the millstones
when they are found standing between
the capitalist and his profits.
Late election returns show us what
can be done by the workingmen when
they are united and persistent. Four
more years of persistent and united
endeavor ought to put the workers into
possession of the government benches
of  the  BritiBh   Columbia  legislature.
It looks to an onlooker from Alberta
that several things go to make up the
successful propaganda of the British
Columbia Socialists.
First, there ls the fact that most
Socialists In British Columbia must
be propagandists. In my. life as a
preacher I always found that If I
could get the church members to use
their influence on other people to get
them interested in the church, our
church was bound to go ahead. It
seems to me the like result must be
brought about where one Socialist
goes after his fellow worker and
urges upon him the one hope of workingmen, namely, Socialism.
Secondly, I have been told that certain Influences that retard people In
their acceptance of the program ot
Socialism In other provinces are not
as strong ln British Columbia, such as
church influences and the Idea that
to be religious one must shun the
company of people who do not worship their church or denomination, for
I can assure you that few church people worship any God. Denomination is
more than God to nine-tenths of them.
But, thirdly, I should say that the
Western Clarion is the most potent
factor in British Columbia for making
revolutionary Socialists. Now, If this
is true, the great question would seem
to be: How can we get the workers
in British Columbia reading the Clarion. I believe a man will much more
readily read a paper for which he himself is paying than one that is sent
to him and paid for by some one else.
1 believe the best place to get subs,
for a Socialist paper is in a Socialist
meeting, yet it seems to me only halfhearted efforts are put forth at these
meetings to get subs, for the paper.
How would it do to have it understood
that at all propaganda meetings the
main effort should be to get subs, for
the papers?
Let slips be printed thus:
"I wish to subscribe for the
1. Western Clarion, or
2. Cotton's   Weekly.
"Name "
Let the speaker urge the audience
to sign these slips and put them on
the plate when the collection is being
taken. Then let Local workers go
around and collect the coin and addresses of the signers. Every Local
holding propaganda meetings could be
supplied with printed slips, and lt
ought to boost the list.
Now, I have been planning for some
time how I could put an ad. in the
Clarion and have discovered a possible
way. I enclose advertisement. If it
is acceptable, publish lt; if is not,
turn it down, but let us think up some
way of getting the paper read, for it
seems to me the best thing in print to
make Western workers revolutionary
Socialists. ^H^
A. F.  Cobb
Merchant Tailor
OKotoK*,    Albert*
For every suit sold  through
this  advertisement I  will give
$2.00 to the circulation of the
Western Clarion.
1. Write me for samples of
2. Mention the price you want
lo pay for suit.
3. Compare my sample with
the price.
4. If suitable, Bend me deposit of $5.00.
5. I will guarantee to deliver
suit to fit within six weeks.
6. Clarion wlll acknowledge
receipt of $2.00 from me when
suit is paid for.
Suits to measure from (16.00
to |SO.O0i
A school teacher for Gibson's Landing school, male
preferred. Duties to commence after Christmas Holidays. Apply stating qualifications and expetience to
Jm. Fletcher,
sec, school board
Gibson's Landing, B.C.
Teacher Wanted
Salary $60
„    Squamish  school:
month.   Apply bo
H. JUDD, Sec.
Brackendale, B. <C.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong. Tbe present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all tbe products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist ts * therefore
master; the worker a slave.
Bo long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights In the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates th*
transformation of capitalist property ln tha means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
•nd the worker ls rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker te
••cure lt by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of th* working- class, as' follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as "possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads- etc.,) into the collective property of th*
working class.
S. The democratic organization and management of Industry
by the1 workers.
8.   The' establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production f6r profit.
The Socialist Party; when in office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party is for it; If It will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands In such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone'.
Among Socialists nnd other independent thinkers, this great library la
superseding encyclopedias, histories and all such second-hand Information. It
digs deep into the real history of civilization, reveals the naked truth and
■how* why SocialUm la inevitable. It annihilates the arguments of Capitalistic writers who deliberately misrepresent for the purpose of keeping the
shackles on the producers. Economics, Evolution, Education, Philosophy, Sociology, Sclnce, Psychology, Religion and all fields of thought, the Ideas that
have influenced civilization in the original words of the master thinkers and
investigators from Thales, Plato, Aristotle, Socrates through to Darwin,
Spencer, Huxley, Marx, Engels, Haeckel, etc., Ten large de luxe volumes
printed on pure white deckle edge paper, one full hundred page photogravures,  gold title and tops bound ln rich  seal  brown  Art  Vellum.
Sayg Freeman Knowles, Editor of "The Lantern" (Socialist). Victor L.
Berger says in this issue of the "Social Democratic Herald.," No Socialist
can afford to be without this great library." All leading Socialist writers,
editors and lecturers use and conmmend this great library—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Arthur M. Lewis, A. H. Simons, and literally thousands
of the comrades, farmers, miners, ranchmen mechanics and business and professional men,
Locals could not make a better Investment than a Bet of these books."
A. H. LIVINGSTON (Sea Local,
Hackbrry, Km.): "I owe you my
thanks; the greatest addition I ever
made to my library."
WALTER LOHRENTZ (Sec. Longshoremen's Union, Seattle, Wash.):
"A boon to the working class who
have neither time nor money to secure a university education.'
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist lectur-
er): "I have longingly desired such
a work for years. A service to civilisation."
WM. A. KEAQLE (Hudson, Mich.,
Local): "I am a poor man, yet mr
money goes cheerfully for what I.
consider the greatest acquisition' of
my life."
Scientific Socialism): "I regard lt as
the' most valuable part of my
IO FORD (Sec. Am. Assn. of Masters, Mates and Pilots, Paducah,
Ky.):   "Am enjoying a continuous In
tellectual feast
max*, nan ro-vAt. f.
I University Research Btenslon,
Mllwakee   U   S   A.
Please send1 me review articles by Simons, Berger and others, and tell
me how I can get the ten volumes library on a co-operative basis.   No obligation Involved by this request.
•'     i i'
qIf you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into, the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we Will tend a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi coat of
installing the gae pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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