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Western Clarion Jul 6, 1912

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 mm
WESTERN
OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY Of CANADA
CLARIO
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS Of THE WORKING CUSS ALONE
NUMBER 675
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1912
Subscription Price Al  mg%
I'F.K YIUK        $I.UU
THE DELUSION OF LIBERTY
Liberty, Freedom and Democracy Are Wordy Clubs
Used to Keep Workers in Subjection.
(By R. B.
Liberty has ever been the hope of
the oppressed, and since oppression
has been universal this hope has been
•universal. The word rings down
through the ages—from the darkness
of the soul of the ancient Roman
slave, from the benighted serf of feudalism, from the multitudinous voices
of the modern "fourth estate," the proletariat.
Crimes innumerable have been committed in the name of liberty. Nations have been enslaved, empires devastated and races annihilated ln the
sacred name of liberty. No despot
has been so tyrannical, no slavedriver
so atrocious and no priest of puritanic
morality so servile but that their several and collective crimes against the
exploited were carried on under the
guise and protection of "liberty."
What is this much-glorified state,
this condition than which no other
is so much desired?
To the keeper of the sanctuary, liberty has been the privilege of sending the enemies of the mastr class
to perdition and the God-given right
to issue permits to paradise upon pay-
mentof the hard cash or receipt of
social prestige; to the slave-owner it
has been the right to exploit more
completely, more intensely and extensively; to the lord of the middle
ages it has been the liberty to exact
a larger portion of the product of the
serf; for the capitalist of today liberty
is the "sacred right of buying in the
cheapest - and selling in the dearest
market," the right to purchase the
labor power of babes and grind from
their bodies that Holy of Holies of
Capitalism—legitimate profits; the
right tor the sake of "good business"
to rob, to cheat, to perjure, to oppress,
to murder legally and lawfully and
morally, (with malice toward none
and charity toward all, conscientiously
denying the same blessed liberty to
any one but himself. To the poor,
the homeless, the outcast, the producers of all that is useful, liberty
has been the freedom of selling himself to the master at the master's
price, the right to starve or to commit BUlcide when his "liberties" have
become unbearable.
The working class cares nothing for
yoilr "liberty," your "equality" or your
"democracy." It desires and will
have the substance back of these hypnotizing catchwords. "Liberty" has
cast its spell over the working class
of all times because the owners of the
means of life, the exploiters, the enemies of the working class have themselves defined and set the bounds
of "liberty" and their intellectual and
spiritual advisers and lackeys have
told the workers that the word thus
defined and limited and emasculated
was good. The workers want liberty
of ItB own making; it will define the
word, call lt good, take the substance
and leave the shadow hovering over
the history of the past.
What ls liberty? The liberty of society, of a collective organism, of a nation is not measured by the amount of
freedom enjoyed by the several Individuals, but by the security and protection society enjoys against the
harmful acts of Its separate units—
the individuals; It is not individual
liberty that we deiBre—that has been
the possession of our masters for unnumbered centuries—it Is collective
liberty we will have, liberty measured
by th harmony subsisting between the
various complex parts of the social
organism. Our Individual liberties
may, by being exerted at cross purposes and at variance with the good
of the collectivity, cancel each other,
and chaos, anarchy and disruption of
society result. When this prevails
even the Individual liberties cease to
exist, become swallowed up in the
ceaseless struggle to manifest themselves.
Society is such only through the
suppression of the Individual, yet lt is
only through the expression of the
individual that society exists. This
contradiction has troubled reformers
and philosophers for centuries, but it
will be solved when the desires of the
Individual are one with the desires of
society, when classes cease to exist
when the exploiter and exploited are
merged into the same Individual, that
Is, when both cease to be. Liberty,
neither of individuals nor of masses,
has ever been attainable In a class society, and it will remain a delusion
until such time as both master and
INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION.
, Dooley.)
slave, the relation giving rise to the
contradiction, are abolished. When
the age long struggle for supremacy
through another man's enslavement is
ended, then* liberty will be no longer
a mockery, a drug to soothe without
curing the wrongs of the oppressed.
"Liberty," "freedom" and "democracy" are wordy clubs used to beat
into insensibility the minds of the
workers struggling for the substance
the words are supposed to represent.
Even as the welfare of society as
such depends ih part upon the suppression of the social acts of individuals, depends upon denying him his "individual liberty," so the attainment of
social emancipation cannot -come
through the expression of the "liberty
of the individual." Liberty is a social condition, and is never exclusively
Individual —it means responsibility to
others and to society as a whole,
hence negates in a measure the individual freedom. It exists when a
person's desires, acts and tendencies
to manifest himself are in line with
the progress, development, desires,
acts and tendencies of the collectivity,
consequently it must be obtained collectively, by co-operation or not at all.
This, however, does not mean the
elimination of individuality, which is
by no means the same as "lndlvdual-
ism."
In modern society freedom is found
only through organization. Freedom
of the working class means the organization of the workers, and organization with a much fuller and
deeper meaning than is generally intended when that word is used. And
the workers must not delude themselves by thinking that in this organization the old "individual liberty"
exists, for, If it did, that larger freedom, resulting from the unity of collective effort where the aim of each
is the aim of all, could not exist. Individual liberty within organization
(like the Socialst party, for Instance)
is enjoyed when the individual as
such, is suppressed, when his acts
and tendencies not in harmony with
the will of the collectivity are inhibited and his tendenies in line with the
collective desire are encouraged and
enlarged. Thus, through the elimination of "individualism" comes the
freedom of the individual—freedom,
because it is part and parcel with the
collective freedom.
Organizations (like the Socialist
party) suffer disruption, not from
weakness of their several desires bo
much as from individualists within
their own ranks. An individualist
has no place in an organization. Such
persons, however, are found ln every
group organized for collective action,
especially in those groups whose purpose ls the attainment of liberty or
freedom of any form, and they are
loudest In their effusive proclamations about "liberty," "freedom" and
"democracy." What they want is
liberty for the "Individual'," hence
they thwart the attempts of the collectivity to secure liberty for all.
The difference Is found to be fundamental. It Is the difference between
such ideas as "one versus all" and
"each for all and all for each"—lt is
the difference between "liberty" and
liberty, between freedom to exploit and
freedom from exploitation, between
liberty to act without referene to any
one else and the freedom to act ln
harmony with others.
An "individualist" is either an anarchist or a "democrat," which are
one and the same thing, as both convey the idea of freedom of Individuals
as against unity of mass action. "De-
moracy" meanB in the minds of many
(Socialists, for instance) freedom
from oppression of all kinds.
These "democrats" are in a continual revolt against their own organizations, because they do not know
what an organization is. They want
no "committees to have power over
them," they want "local autonomy"
and "home rule" and "rule by the
rank and file"—that is, by the separate
Individuals. But an organization being a co-operative collectivity can express itself only through lie constituted channels for expression, can
act only through the mediums it has
created and developed for that purpose. If the members act as individuals then the organization is
a delusion. Beware of one who is
ever harping about "democracy"—he
Ib an Individualist and hiB tendency is
(Agnes Thecla Fair.)
There Ib a strong undercurrent In all
unions In favor of industrial organization, not a dual organization built on
the shiftng sands of nexperience as
the new brand of so-called revolutionary unions,
The most intelligent workers in Industry refuse to support in any way
the seven kinds of industrial unionism or jingoism.
They largely subsist on free speech
funds, defense funds, etc. This is
proof positive that things are not as
they seem. To hear an "organizer"
of the dual unions speak to a body of
workers the average mind is carried
away by the glittering generalities
pictured, for all that has been done
to date Is drawing pictures.
How can they do anything but
"picture" the ideal organization when
all they know of industry is what they
read in two 10-cent pamphlets. The
gist of their talk Ib to slam every man
and woman in the labor movement
who has been on the firing line
twenty years before they started to
discuss the difference between garbage
and sabotage.
How they can have the nerve to lecture men who have been thirty-four
days on bread and water on the lack
of sense of humor in their dual unions
when what those men needed was the
big feed or somthing good to eat, is
an outrage to the unskilled worker
who flocks as sheep under their banners.
The labor movement is cursed with
stupid but well meaning "reformers"
who cannot show a single improvement in any industry or an attempt
even in any small way to educate the
workers. These dual organizations
leave all their affairs in the hands of
lawyers who have the money and the
dualists the experience
Any body of workers who sail blindly under any banner are apt to have
a sad awakening.
To have 20,000 workers in a hall today with a red, pink or blue card ln
their pocket and only twenty a week
from today is not organization,
McKee's Rocks, the lumber Industry
of Washington and Oregon and the
latest "victory" at Lawrence are proof
that it is not even a protest.
The workers find themselves after
a great Iobb of life in a worse condition than before,
They are following the flag of those
who have eyes that see not and ears
that hear not—The Liberator, Sedalla,
Missouri.   .
NEW READERS WOULD DO
WELL TO START IN AND READ
THE ARTICLE ON THE BACK
PAGE, ENTITLED "CAPITAL AND
LABOR." IT WILL GIVE THEM A
CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF THE
POSITION TAKEN BY THE SOCIALIST  PARTY.
SU8PEND 30,000 NAVY YARD MEN
Washington, June 26.—Acting Secretary of the Navy Winthrop today Ib
sued an order closing the government
navy yards, and throwing nearly 30,-
000 men out of work. The reason for
thlt action was that Congress has
failed to make an appropriation for
their maintenance.
ANTI-MILITARISM,
Rome, June 24.—The anti-militarism
propaganda of Italian Socialists has
been much advanced in the popular
mind by the government's indifference
to the fate of many discharged soldiers, back from the war in Tripoli.
Most of these men are now unemployed and are suffering greatly. Many
are near starvation.
At Neuchatel the Radicals have lost
their majority; at la Chaux-de-Fonds;
at Locie the Socialist victory is complete, they number 27 elected out of
40; it Is the first SwIbs town to have
a Socialist municipality.
What about those leaflets, two dollars a thousand, twenty cents a nun
dred.
What Is a "Fair Profit"?
While trust Investigations are utterly farcical in regard to the alleged objects for which they are conducted,
they do at times bring out many interesting and significant points on other
matters connected with the general
system of exploitation.
Though most people have forgotten
It, there ls, In fact, at this moment a
ducted. Whether it is the same one
Standard Oil investigation being con-
that brought about the "dissolution"
of that concern, or a new one altogether, we cannot precisely say, for,
like most other people, we are tired
of keeping tab, and it Isn't Important,
anyhow. But there is one being conducted here in New York.
And a day or two ago in this investigation Mr.'James A. Moftett, one
of the greater Standard Oil magnates,
testified that he had a Mr. Pierce removed as manager of the Waters-
Pierce Oil Company and another official named Stewart installed in his
place, Moffett declared that Pierce
wasn't managing the property efficiently.
On being asked if he didn't know
that under the Pierce management
the Standard Oil Company in one
year got $3,000,000 profits out of the
Waters-Pierce Company,  Mr.  Moffett
THE WORKERS IN HISTORY
The Real History of Society Is the History of How
Society Has Got Its Living.
to express himself, to assert his In
dividual freedom regardless of the
organization (the Socialist party, for
instance) of which is a member.
Analyze your own mind, and if you
are an individualist be honest enough
to say so; get out of your organization and be an anarchist and democrat. Individualism is not criminal
—lt is the hypocritical pretensions of
being a collectlvlst that produces the
harm.
Let no one hypnotize you with "liberty and democracy." Fix in your
mind the contradictions existing in
modern society, the contradiction between exploiter and exploited, the liberty to enslave and the liberty to
starve If you will not be a slave, between the liberty of the individual and
and the fuller liberty of harmonious
action with society. Know further
that these contradictions can end only
when economic relations between antagonistic classes end, and only
will liberty become a reality for the
working class, and for the individual
members of that class.
Down with "liberty," long live
liberty.
replied that he thaught the sum was
only $2,800,000, instead. This sum-
the investigator, Mr. Untermayer, declared, was 700 per cent on a capitalization of $400,000, and asked Moffett if he didn't consider it a fair
profit. Moffett didn't consder it a
fair proft. Moffett didn't answer, or
at least his answwer is hot recorded.
His action, however, in ousting
Pierce undoubtedly gives his real opinion that 700 per cent was not enough
when it was possible to get more.
That he considered the management
that returned only 700 per cent inefficient, and therefore fired the manager.
The inquisitor further asked if Moffett expected Stewart to compete with
Standard Oil—the Waters-Pierce Com
pany ls an "Independent" concern
now, since the "dissolution" — and
Moffett merely replied that he expected him to "conduct his business
for his stockholders." The answer,
while noncommittal, throws a curious
light on the nature of the "dissolution;" the stockholders evidently being
the same aB before it took place, and
evidently also expecting more than"
700 per cent, ln alleged "competition
with the Standard Oil."
This might seem an opportune time
to inveigh against the "greed and rapacity" of capitalists generally, and
their Insatiable lust for unlimited profits. But we refrain. It ls, after
all, "human nature," and can't be
changed while profit making remains
the incentive to production.
Fortunately, there is a corrective
for it that will ultimately abolish the
profft system altogether. That corrective Is found in what might, on
the other hand, be just as fairly described as the "greed and rapacity"
of the wage earning class, whose idea
of "fair wages" ls quite as unlimited
aB is the capitalist conception of what
constitutes a "fair profit." Out Of
the collision of these unlimited concepts grows the class struggle, which
will ultimately destroy capitalism.
By the bye, this little incident might,
n addition, nterest those who make
a speciality of fgurlng out the relative
share of labor and capital in production. If an investment of $400,000 ln
one year produces a profit of 700 per
cent, how much did labor create and
receive and how much was the con
tribution and share of capital? It Is
interesting, perhaps, but not so Important as the other consideration we
have discussed.—The Call.       ,
By Wilfred
Lecture Delivered at Portland, Oregon,
The name given to the basic prin
ciple of Socialism is "The Materialist
Interpretation of History."
Some of our squeamish comrades,
who do not like the world "materialist,"
soften this down to "Economic Determinism." That term, however, is not
sufficient. The social organism Ib governed by natural laws, which, since
man first associated, have expressed
themselves economically, but we must
remember that these same laws were
in existence, not only previous to organized society, but even before the
human race had come into existence.
To use the term "Economic Determinism" is to imply that a new natural law, a new force, came into existence as soon as the human race developed a gregacious instinct.
Now, J am not going to endeavour
to take you over the whole field of natural science, for many reasons, chief
of which is the fact that I have only
covered a little of lt myself.
I am just going to ask you, for a
start, to realize that all nature Is essentially selfish, that all forms of life
seek after that which seems best to
them, that which affords them the
most satisfaction.
To realize this simple fact, lt ls not
necessary to devote one's spare time
to the study of numerous ologies and
isms, but to keenly observe what is
taking place before' our very eyes.
Take a potato In a cellar, for instance. The potato is a form of life.
It is not aB highly organized as we
are. It cannot move itself from place
to place as wo can. Its powers are not
as great or varied as ours are, but it
has some power, it has a mind of its
own, in a rudimentary way; it has the
instinct of self-preservation and perpetuation as we have. We will presume that a ray of light penetrates
that cellar, the potato sprouts and
without fail the sprout points to, and
growB towards, the opening whence
comes the light.
THE POTATO NEVER MAKES A
MISTAKE!
It always gets the best that Is within
its power. The working class is like
the potato in that it reaches out for
the best It knows, but the working
class lives in such a complicated system of society, in which there is so
much deception, in which there are bo
many falBe lights Bhown, that up to
the present, the majority of the workers have not learnt the way out of the
cellar of slavery.
It is our function to hold up the light
of revolutionary knowledge ever higher and brighter to the eyes ot the
workers, till at last they will cease
to be attracted by the phosphorescent
glows of "remedial measures" and "Immediate demands."
But, let ub ourselves realize that,
before we can do this, we must ourselves know what Is really the matter; we must ourselves be qualified to
explain simply, and as Interestingly
as possible, what we huve learnt, and
not shrink from the fact that In order
to be able to do so, we must ourselves
study deeply and earnestly. I want
each one of you to roallzc that I am
talking to you, not to the one in the
seat beside you, but to YOU, and 1
want you In addition to realize that
there Ib little benefit ln your listening to me tonight unless you are Impelled by what you hear to study for
yourselves, to get socialist books and
read and re-read them, to interpret
them in the light of your own experience, to get others to read them, to get
others to take socialist papers, ln short
to do the best you know to spread the
knowledge of Socialism among the
working class, realizing that when
enough of this has been done the
workers will achieve their freedom.
Applied to society, the "Materialist
Interpretation of HiBtory" means that
the real history of society Is the history of how society has got Its living,
that the changes in society can only
he explained by the changes in the
tool and method of production, and
furthermore, that ALL changes In society, ALL modifications of ALL social
institutions and Ideas can be explained
on this baBls.
It teaches that none of us are free
will agents, even though we ar*j conscious agents, It teaches that our very
will, our very choice, Ib detrlmlned by
our environment; and do not forget
that heredity Ib included In environment, our Inherited dispositions mak-
Gribble.
ing some more, an others less, Inclined *
to realize new facts.
One hears people at times say,
"Things have always been as they are
and always will be," and often they are
the very people who pray, "Thy kingdom come, thy will be done," etc. But
lt is not true that things remain the
same. The only thing that doesn't
change ls change itself. Every one
of us In this hall Is changing right
now.
Cells In our bodies are dying every
moment and are being renewed by
new cells which are being produced by
Nature's alchemy out of the food we
have eaten today. But I am not here
to deliver a lecture on physiology. I
will just ask you to realize that ceaseless change is a law of nature, expressed both in the organic and the
social world.
Now to the real development of the
subject of the evening.
I will endeavor to first briefly and
simply put the main principle of the
argument before you and then produce
the evidence as to the correctness of
the argument.
To illustrate: We will take the motor-propelled plough which is largely
and increasingly being used today.
That plow grew out of, evolved from,
an earlier form of plough. Tbe plough
from which the motor plough evolved
was developed from a still earlier form
ot plough, that from a still earlier form
and so on right back to the most ancient digging instrument that has been
used by man.
There is no "missing link" in this
case; every tool in existence today,
no matter how perfect, can be traced
back to Its primitive beginning and
the ihaln is unbroken.
How do we know this? We know
it, not only by the ancient tools, still
in existence, which our primitive fathers used, and which can be seen in
any well-equipped museum, but also by
the study of races who are still In
stages of social evolution out of which
our particular variety of the human
species has long since passed.
In  Papua,  for  instance,  there  are
quite a number of tribes still ln the
stone  age,   and   the   wooden   shared
plough is still largely used in China.
(To be continued)
TO  NEW  READERS
If you get this paper sent
you, it is paid for.
All wc wish you to do is to
study it, and if you find anything in it that you object
to, write to the office of publication and let us know to
what you disagree.
This paper is published in
the interests of the working
class, therefore if you are a
wago worker it is to your
interest to study it.
Women and Babies Turned Out.
PltBburg, June 7.—Last Saturday
over 2,500 human beings were ruthlessly hurled from the miserable
chucks which are rented by the Great
Lakes Coal Co. at Kaylor, Pa., to the
miners in that vicinity. Their furniture was thrown into thc street. The
evictions were made with the aid of
the Pennsylvania state constabulary.
The evicted tenants were all ths
families of miners and were thrown
out because the miners refused to
sign a wage scale lower than the one
In force at present. Enraged at seeing their wives and babies turned out
with no immediate prospect of obtaining shelter, the miners several
times clashed with the "Cossacks,"
who did  the Company's  dirty  work.
Employes of the Western Allegheny
Railroad assisted the miners to carry
their belongings to the hills adjoining the town.
LOCAL VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
1 IH CLARION
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8ATURDAY,   JULY,  6,   1912.
THE I. W. W.
From present indications it appears
that the B. C. contingent of the I. W.
W. is a fairly sane bunch of rebellious
slaves. The experience of a few
months since, when ruling class brutality dealt out to all and sundry a
taste of "direct action" at the hands
of police thugs and cossacks seems
to have had a beneficial effect in
curbing their disposition towards the
reckless folly of anarchistic delirium
and bombast. Possibly they have
profited by the experience to the extent of learning that the virtue of
"direct action" lies solely in the power
to wield the gun and club, and that
power is alone vested in the State.
If they have learned this they will
continue sane and no doubt afford able
assistance in conquering the State on
behalf of the working class bo that
"direct action" may be dealt out to
that precious ruling class that now
so efficiently utilizes lt to protect itself in its right to rule and rob.
The I. W. W. n B. C. has for some
time been conducting a strike in the
camps along the line of the C. N. R.
construction work. As far as we
have been able to learn the conduct of
the strike has been admirable. The
only expression of anarchy and lawlessness has been on the side of the
C. N. R., and has come through the
action of the police, detectives, constables, judges, and other similarly
sweet-scented dispensers of ruling
class "direct action." We are informed the tie-up of the work has
been fairly complete, and bids fair to
remain so. We hope the demands of
the men for more wages and other bet
terments will be won. Not that anything will have been settled thereby, or that any great problem will
have either been solved or brought
any nearer to solution, but, that even
a slight relief and a temporary one at
that, will afford at least some little
satisfaction to the workers immediately interested, and spur them on to
further, and, let us hope, more lntelll-
and their fellow slaves throughout
gent efforts on behalf of themselves
the world.
But however sane the B. C. contingent of the I. W. W. may be at present is no criterion by which to judge
that particular cult ln general. In
Southern California and elsewhere the
conduct of the I. W. W. Is so openly
anarchistic, and therefore reactionary,
as to clearly stamp lt as an enemy to
the peaceful and orderly progress of
the labor movement towards the overthrow of capital and the ending of
wage servitude.
This I. W, W. phantasm is not an
enemy to the Socialist movement because of any superior virtue, attached
at Its theories and conceptions, for It
possesses none that in any manner fit
In with modern Industrial development
and activity. But It is an enemy that
stabs In the back. While by practically pretending relationship It has the
knife unsheathed with which, if possible, to hamstring the political movement of labor against the capitalist oppressor. Whenever It gets Into trouble
as a result of Its oral recklessness, and
tbat is the nearest approach to "direct action" it ever indulges ln, It
frantically calls upon the Socialists,
the A. F. of L. Unions, and everybody,
else that is liable to be weak enough
to come through. As soon as the
skies dear the same old tactics of
vilification and misrepresentation are
■ resumed, the same' cowardly stabbing
in the back once more prevails.
Most of the I. W. W. leaders of any
prominence are a shade too cowardly
to openly proclaim themselves anarchists. They would be entitled to
far greater respect If they had the
courage of their convictions, or lack
of them, which would probably be
nearer the truth. To proclaim themselves anarchists, however, would be
to destroy their usefulness to the ruling class, for, whether (hey know It
or not, the very existence of capitalism
depends solely upon the workers being kept from united political action
along the lines of tbelr own class interests. So long as this I. W. W. oV
any other movement, can assist In
keeping any considerable number of
workers away   from   political   action
against the  master  class it will  re-' to  pay  the  cost  of  publication  and
main a valuable asset of capitalism
and in no danger of becoming outlawed.
It ls pure bombast to proclaim the
great victories alleged to have been
won by the intrepid I. W. W. It is
rot unadulterated to even pretend that
victories have been won at all. Some
slight concessions have been granted
here and there, but similar things
have happened thousands of times ln
the history of the labor movement before the I. W. W. was brought forth
from the crucible of mental indigestion. In spite of all these concessions whether granted to the I. W. W.
or to other organizations, nothing has
been settled. Nothing has been permanently gained. The victory at McKee's Rocks though loudly proclaimed
has been well nigh forgotten and its
fruits equally well-nigh lost. The
great victory at Lawrence, Mass., has
almost become ancient history, though
so loudly proclaimed but a few months
since. Some of the active participants on the side of labor are still in
prison and threatened with the gallows, while it is a Bate bet that the
fruits of the victory will have slipped
away before a twelve month has passed. The much hea-ralded victories in
Spokane, Fresno, and other places
where free speech was the allegd issue; the victories in the lumber regions of Washington and Oregon; the
victories to be won at San Diego and
a lot of other places on the map, and
some thousands more of the same kind
that are likely te follow have not, and
will not, and can not, alter the status
of labor one jot or tittle for the better, unless they shall have taught the
workers the utter folly of attempting to batter down the walls of capitalist Jericho with empty hands, empty
stomachs and empty heads.
Just as the more prominent spokesmen and defenders of the I. W. W.
phantasm are too cowardly to openly
proclaim their anarchist philosophy so
are the chief spokesmen and defenders
of the Soicalist party of the United
StateB too cowardly to strip them of
their mask of Socialist pretense so
that the boasted "new unionism"
which they so bombastically proclaim,
with its "anti-politics," its "sabotage"
and its "direct action" may be shown
in its true light as the very quintessence of reaction, the irreconcilable enemy of Socialism, and, sooner
or later, if not already, to be recognized as such by the ruling powers and
enouraged,   aided  and   abetted  as  a
editing. As stated in a recent issue
the cost of publication has never yet
been met. This cost must henceforth
be paid. If it cannot be paid and
such additional expense as may obtain be met, the paper must go out
of business.
At this end of the line there is but
one person who draws any money
from the Western Clarion other than
for the publication thereof. Comrade
Watts gets $10 per week for doing $25
worth of work. He looks after the
business end of the paper and prepares all copy except editorial. He
attends to mail list and mailing in
order to keep the expense to, the lowest possible limit. He cannot be x-
pectcd to do this for ever. Some day
he will have had enough and there will
be a vacancy for some other comrade
to fill for nothing or the next thing
to it. And yet all of this could be
easily arranged If you who read these
lines would put forth a little effort.
If you could be made to realize that
the paper is your property you would
perhaps make the effort. The paper
now has about 4500 subscribers. If
two-thirds of these would send in one
yearly each the paper would be on its
feet financially and in shape to do
much more effective and lasting work.
No paper can be made what it should
be when its editorial and business
management are left either entirely
or largly to volunteer effort.
There has been enough energy expended right here in-B. C. alone in the
boosting of the circulation of alleged
Socialist papers run absolutely by individuals, and over whom neither its
subscribers or the Socialist party have
any control, to have put our party
paper on a sound financial footing, if
it had been expended in pushing
circulation instead of the others. If
perchance the circulation had at any
time reached a figure where the revenue exceeded- the necessary expenditure the surplus could and would have
gone Into the general fund for carrying on the party work along other
lines. If a surplus ever reaches individual publishers it is not likely to
be used for party purposes.
Now then, what about it? Are
you going to make an effort to send
in at least one new subscriber? If
so are you going to remit the full
price or are you going to hold back
a commission by taking advantage of
the offer of sub cards at reduced
prices? So long as those at this
end of the line are compelled to work
MORE HINTS TO PARTY MEMBERS
bulwark and defense against the work- for nothing in order to keep down ex
ing class in ItB struggle for emancipation.
It is high time this I. W. W. was
classified and laid away upon the
shelf along with numerous similar
schemes that in the past have sougght
to bring the millenlum by turning
back the clock. Brought forth
through the cohabitation of the S. T.
and L. A., and the A. L. U., the child
inherits the constitutional weakness of
both parents. As they were senile
and in their dotage years before the
infant's birth it iB little short of a
miracle that it was born at all. It
has only been kept alive thus far by
being wet-nursed by the Socialist
movement. When that wet-nursing is
withdrawn it will soon be laid away
ln the mausoleum of the past along
with its equally puny progenitors.
That there are others who are making note of the characteristics of this
"Industrial" infant, clippings from a
couple of our exchanges in another
column wlll show.
In future leaflets will be published
every two weeks instead of weekly.
WHAT ABOUUT IT?
The Western Clarion has never put
up a hunger squawk a la "Cotton's
Weekly," nor recruited a Salvation
Army "a la Appeal to Reason." It
has never jigged up any "Christmas
Box" schemes or Indulged in any gold
brick swindles In order to obtain sustenance. This has, perhaps, been due
to the fact tbat the paper has never
possessed a staff of leeches and hangers-on to eat up the poor substance
that has come Its way through a subscription list that is remarkable for
but one-thing, and that Ib, its size.
It is so large that the office boy cannot carry it to the post office under
one arm.
If the Western Clarion belonged to
some Individual who was possessed of
a suitable sized opinion of his value
to the movement, and had the strength
of gall to bawl long, loud and persistent for the wherewith to enable him
to continue to devote his splendid talents and ability to the good cause
subs would come rolling in from every
quarter and would keep on coming so
long as the talented one's voice held
out. But as the paper does not belong to an Individual but to the Socialist party of Canada, and there is no
one about the premises with any talent that could even be given away,
much less sold, nor with gall enough
to even squawk for a drink of water
If they were choking to death from
thirst no sub will be forthcoming, no
increase of circulation and revenue
can be expected.
This paper needs about 1000 more
subscribers at $1.00 per year ln order
pense and so enable the paper to continue publication, dont you think about
the least thing you can do is to rustle
up one or more subscribers and remit
the full amount? Do you think you
would be doing more than your share
If you purchased a few dollars' worth
of sub cards at full price, paying cash
for same and disposing of them to
new subscribers as you could find opportunity? Dont you see if you
would do this that as soon as the next
issue of the Clarion came along other
readers would discover what you had
done and more than likely be encouraged to go and do likewise?
This office will be more than pleased
to publish the names of those who respond. This will be a sort of roll
of honor. As the funds come in lt
will no doubt be In order to lay in a
complete stock of Socialist literature
to be furnished from this office at the
same price as would be paid at point
of publication. As all of this could
be obtained at wholesale rates the
profit realized would materially aid in
the publication of the Clarion, and
such other party work as required.
You better think this matter over.
We are going to waste no time in urging you. We should be sorry to see
the papers go under, but we wont be
half as sorry as nine-tenths of Its
readers. "A word to the wise is sufficient." It is subs this office wants
and nothing else.
Not once In six months does this
office receive a kick or complaint as
to the contents of the paper or in regard to Its editorial policy. Once in
a blue moon we hear ln some round-about way that an Individual here or
tbere Is in dlsgrunted mood because
there has appeared in its columns
something clipped from other publications. Poor soul. Either of too
weak mentality    to write something
himself or two  -shiftless, he can
help along the good cause only by
complaining because others dp bo little, We sometimes wonder if such
an ats thinks for a moment that this
paper is run for the likes of him. If
he does he ls grievlously mistaken. It
Ib run for the average man of ordinary sense and he never kicks. He
reads good stuff no matter where lt
comes from, and if, perchance, he has
already read It he doubtless enjoys the
second reading even better than the
first. Whenever he runs across anything that Is good he is usually delighted to see lt as widely copied and
read as possible.
If there are any scribes who may
run afoul of theBe lines or any who
would attain to fame along literary
lines, via of the Socialist paper route
they are welcome to send in their
stuff. We will use it if we can.
Hut subs we will use anyway. Now,
what about It?
It should always be kept in mind
that a most effective way of doing
propaganda work is to rent a hall by
the month, then refuse to take part
in getting a crowd at the meetings,
and never be on hand when a "whip
round" is needed to pay the rent. Also
if you are lucky enough to have some
gold-filled teeth that you want to display—cultivate a Bunny smile, a la
Jack Johnson and get on the platform
at every opportunity. This Is good
propaganda.
Always remember that it is much
easier to get a crowd to attend a talk
in a hall if it is widely known that
the atmosphere Is stifling with
the fumes of wage-slave tobacco. Spitting on the floor and on the'stove, too,
is appreciated by most people who are
anxious to hear something about the
Socialist movement.
If the organizer of the local protests against paying high rent to a
capitalist as a bad way to use the
party funds, and suggests that the
money could be used to better advantage, quit the local and leave the rest
to pay the arrears in rent. This would
be a truly courageous action and in
keeping with a true revolutionist.
Should any "middle class' freak
come along just previous to election
time, join the local, and then run
for political offlce, raise heaven and
earth to get him elected. Even If he is
not run on the S. P. ticket It doesn't
matter; he is still a good Socialist.
Should anyone in the party kick
against such proceedings merely call
them impossibilists, tyrants, bosses.
This is an effectual argument.
Above all things, never condescend
to do any actual propaganda work-
that is what the organizer of the lo
local is for, you are merely to show up
at meetings (about an hour late for
preference), talk about your job, your
boss, your friendly society, and have
a good time geneially.
It canont be too strongly impressed—
(Oh!   Get  out—Editor  W.   C.)
W. D. BRANTFORD.
Over ninety per cent, of the people who engage in business fail and
lose their all. Is that a good argument for perpetuating the  capitalist
THE PURPOSE OF SOCIALISM.
The purpose of Socialism is to give
the workers all they produce. And
when Socialists say "workers" they do
not mean only those who wear overalls
and carry dinner pails. They mean
everybody who does useful labor. Socialists regard the general superintendent of a railroad as quite as much of
a worker as they do the man on the
section. But they do not regaid the
owners of railway stocks and bonds
as workers. They regard them as parasites who are living off the products
of labor by owning the locomotives,
cars and other equipment with which
the workers work. And since the ownership of machinery is the club with
which Socialists say capitalists commit their robberies, Socialists also declare that the only way to stop robberies ls to take away the club. It
would do no good to take away the
club from the men who now hold it
and give lt to the individual, because
with the principle of private ownership retained, ownership would soon
gravitate into a few hands and robbery would go on as ruthlessly as ever.
Socialists believe the only remedy ls
to destroy the club by vesting the
ownership of the great machinery of
production and distribution in the people, through the government.
Every citizen is entitled to a place
to work, and any society not organized on this theory is not worth saving
—at least not deserving the vote of
any who must work, or tramp, or beg,
Do you not have to ask (beg) or get
the permission of some owner for the
right to work and produce? What
kind of a thing are you, anyway?
Marriages of wealth are sales at
cost prices and the goods are worthless, at that.
We do not wish to rob the wealthy.
We wish to prevent them from robbing others.
Some men handle their votes as If
they were promissory notes, others as
though they were bricks.
If the working class wishes to be
relieved from the bondage of wage
slavery, they must use the same instrument as the capitalist—the ballot.
Politics controls industry, and to control. Industry the workera must control politics.
Several thousand wives, mother and
children of the striking dockmen and
transport workers paraded through the
streets from the East End to Trafalgar Square on a "hunger march." They
solicited funds along the route.
What's the matter with having the
Clarion sent to ten of your neighbors
for three months—ten cents.
PRICE  LIST OF. SUPPLIES.
Due Stamps, each 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 ... .25c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 50c
Duo Cards, per 100 $1.00
Constitutions, each  5c
Receipt Hooks, each 10c
Warrant Books, each 25c
Buttons, each  40c
SATURDAY,   JULY,   6,   1912.
' i
SociaAist   Party   Directory
•0?M*P^?O.,,=:B:!:i!0?'rITB   COMMITTEE   VANCOUVER LETTISH LOCAL Bo. 68
'*" "*■'   ' '"    *--         S-   P-   of  c—Business   meeting every
flrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
1'ree word for every body, at 612 Cordova street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
Ad Kreekis.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets seoond and fourth Monday. Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr
St., Vancouver, B.C.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays ln month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St.. Wm. Watts. Secretary,
ALBERTA   PROVINCIAL   BXECUTITE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary, Box 647, Calgary.
**£**£££*?*? M**OVINOIAL EXECUTIVE, B. T. ot 0„ Invites all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan lo
communicate with them on organlza-
oo°,nar"!tte''s Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw
Sask.
MANITOBA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVB
Committee: Notice—This card la in-
SvAt?.. ff. the. J*u**P°se of getting
"YOU" interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St.. Winnipeg.
MARITIME FROVINCIAI, EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cu^e Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Olace Hay,
.„•, s~, Da1. Cochrane, Secretary, Pox
491, Glace Bay, N. s.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, NO. 69, 8. P. of O
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every Friday ln the month at 8 pm
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on tile.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
LOOAL   OREENWOOD,   B.   C,    HO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Oreenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
LOCAL    I'BBNIE,   8.  P.   Of  C,   BOLD
holds educational meetings In the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.
LOOAL ROSSLAND, NO. 35, 8. P. of C.,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E. Campbell, Organizer.
Wlll Jones, Secretary, Box 125.
Finnish branch   meets in   Finlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.   A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 64, Rossland, B.C.
LOOAL MICHEL, B. O, NO. IS, B. T.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan'a Hall. A hearty invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach, of us to attend our meetings
Business meetings are held the firs:
and third Sundays of each month al
10:10 a.m. in the same hall. Party
organisers take notice. A. S. Julian,
Secretary.
LOOAL NELSON, B. T.
every Friday evening
Miners' Hall, Nelson, £
tin, Secretary.
of  O.,  MEETS
at   8   p.m.,   In
. C.   I. A. Aus-
LOOAL VERNON, HO. 38, B. P. OP C—
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m„ In
L. O. L. Hall, Tronson St. W. II. Gll-
mour. Secretary.
LOCAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary	
LOCAL SAHDOH, B. C, HO. 36, 8. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon, B. C.
LOCAL VICTORIA HO. 3, 8. P. of C	
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, over Collls
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
Theatre.
LOOAL SOUTH PORT OBOBOB, B.O.,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
I p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen,
Organizer.	
LOOAL   CUMBERLAND HO. 70 8. P. of O.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
MOAL  VAHCOUVER,   B.   0.,   N07~4fc.
JlnnlBh. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 2217
Main Struet.    Secretary, Wm. Myntti
LOCAL VAHCOUVER Ho 1, 8. P. of 0.—
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St,
LOOAL     COLBMAH,     ALTA.,     NO ~S
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the first
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evening*
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alt*.:
Secretary, Jas. Qlendennlng, Box II.
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may recelva
information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Gruliam, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
LOOAL  BDMONTOH,  ALTA.,  NO.  1,   S.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organizer, W. Stephenson.
LOOAL OALOART, ALTA., HO. 4,  8. P.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.   429  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between  Third and Fourth  streets.
A. S. Julian, Secretary
LOOAL REQINA HO. 8, BASK., MBBTB
every Sunday, Trades Hall, I p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, I
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Bor 1041.
LOOAL BRAHDON, MAN., NO. 7, B. P.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Hossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business masting, second and fourth Mondays at **-
p.m.; economic class, Friday at I p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellal(eu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
LOOAL LBTHBBIBOE,  ALTA., HO.  18,
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third Sundays in the month, at 4 p.m., ls>
Mlners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1983.
LOCAL MOOSEJAW, SASK , Ho. 1, 8. T.
OP C.—Propaganda meetings tvtry
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., in tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, I p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Organiser.
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves welcome.
LOOAL No. 1, WINHIPEO, XAHITOBA,
' 8. P. OP C—Headquarters I28U Main
Street, Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting tvtry
Sunday morning, at 11; economic claaa
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evenlns
In Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion Invited.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,  NO   8,   8.   P.   OP   O.
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeau Street. Business meetings,
first Sunday ln montti In the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwlth, 16
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
LOCAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OP MARI-
. TIME—Headquarters ln Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 158; Harold O. Ross, organizer.
Box 506.
LOOAL SIDNEY MINES HO. 7, Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O.  B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall,
tary, Box 344.
Wll'lam Allen, Secre-
BOCIALIST FEDERATION of the S. P. of C, ls organised
for the purpose of educating tha
Ukrainenn workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. Tha
i;'tranlan Federation publish their own
W( el-ly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnistlno Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to J. Scnuk, Fin. Secretary.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist elass. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
- The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of sitting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tbe wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working dais at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates tb* transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in* struggle for possession ef tha
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, tb* worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organise under the banner
of the Socialist Party* of Canada with the object of conquering •the
public powers for tha, purpose of setting up aad enforcing tbe economic
program of the working elass, as- follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly a*r possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth nredaetion (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, ate.) into tha collective property of tha working claaa,
2.. The democratic organisation' and management of industry by
tha workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance tha interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it wUl not, tha
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in ita hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working claas alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies -  -   4.00 SATURDAY,  JULY,  (5,   1912.
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
PAGE THREE
CORRESPONDENCE
-L
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Meeting of the executive held June
18, 1912; Comrades Anderson, Danby,
Haag and the secretary being present.
Nothing but routine business was
transacted, the committee dealing with
correspondence from Locals Barons,
Red Deer, Edmonton, Diamond City,
also Dominion executive, David Ryan,
AUx Patterson and Thos. Makepeace,
It was decided by the committee to
allow Local Taber to reorganize under
old charter, until Dominion Ex. Com.
was communicated with In regard to
the matter.
BURT E. ANDERSON,
Secretary Alberta Provincial Executive
Committee.
GETTING  EXPERIENCE
ALBERTA    ORGANIZATION     FUND
Previously acknowledged   $15.50
A. MacDonald, Calgary 25
D. A. McLean, Calgary    .50
F. G. Hegge, Calgary     1.00
H. E. Hornbeclc, Calgary 25
"Backwoods," Calgary       1.00
G. O. Vcnnesland, Barons     1.00
$19.50
TO   ALBERTA   COMRADES.
Remember we are having a special
Alberta edition of the Clarion the last
week In July and want to show the
Comrades in the other provinces what
we can do.
If you cannot write a two-column
P article,  write  a  half-column  one,  or
ieven less than that, but write something,  not  for  God's  sake  but  your
own.    Remember that you could not
i eat  a  porterhouse   steak   when   you
were a child—perhaps can't eat one
now, because you have not the price.
So also you can't write a two-column
article the first time but but make a
start anyhow and send it to me not
later than "July 15 at box 647 Calgary,
> Alta. S. K. READ.
> .
:
I
HOW THEY COME
A tornado of subs, has hit us.
Starting    from the    Atlantic, lt was
\ hardly noticeable until It struck Toronto. There it gathered up forty-five
packages of labor-power and started
them on the road to emancipation,
still   sweeping   on,   gathering   more
I force on its way, it Btruck Winnipeg,
picked up fifteen more packages and
started them on the way to real freedom. Saskatchewan increases the
forcce, Alberta doubles it, British Columbia trebles lt, and eventually it
strikes Vancouver. There it calms
down, and we are able to look back
at the damage It has done, and we see
that it has laid capitalism bare to the
eyes of hundreds of slaves, showing
them the barbarities of the system,
[ the rottenness and the hypocrisy of it,
and from now on those whose eyes
have opened will start to reconstruct
a system built on solid ground, a sane
system, a system that will give to the
producers the best that they can produce.
A tornado of this kind wlll not hurt
anybody, and we want to see the
forces gathered together again for a
like one every week. Here are the
forces that made the last one possible:
'J. P. Kinnear, Toronto, Ont  42
F. Foulston, Eyebrow, Sask  26
Alf. Budden, Organizer, Alta  13
J. A. Teit, Spences Bridge, B. C  10
O. Mengel, South Hill, B. C  10
W, H. Steen, Vancouver, B. C  10
N. D. Thachuk, Canmore, Alta     7
G. O. Vennesland, Granum, Alta...    7
R. I)., Winnipeg, Man    6
J. Watson, Winnipeg, Man    5
A. Common, Okotoks, Alta    5
C. McM. Smith, Brooklyn, N. Y....    B
J. Millar, Montreal, Que    3
N. H., Winnipeg, Man    3
A. G. McCallum, Ottawa, Ont......   3
A. H. Grewar, St. Catherines, Ont.   2
Local Toronto, Ont    2
L. B. Elliott, Parry Sound, Ont     2
S. K. Read, Calgary, Alta    2
A. E. Tipper, Vancouver, B. C     2
Singles.
J, Pilkington, Enderby, B. C; E. W.
'. Brewin, Chama Desks, B. C; John
Boychuk, Edmonton; C. E. Burge,
CrosBfleld, Alta.; J. Nelson, Markervllle, Alta.; S. E. Gage, Winnipeg,
Man.; A. Taylor, Toronto; R. Helling-
her, Montreal;  S. Lellman, Enderby,
B. C; J. Gibson, Melbourne, Aus.; F,
Huber; W. Getley; D. Anderson; J.
Rutherburg; Colin McDonald, city.
Bundles.
Chas. M. Lake, Stewart, B. C, 10;
Local Nelson,  10;    C. McM.  Smith,
Brooklyn, N. Y., 50;  Looal Calgary,
100.
The way of the "wage slave" is
fiard. After several months of glorious ease, that hard task-master "necessity, has compelled me to once
more don my trade-union-made overalls and labor in the masters' vineyard
—I mean woodyard. We- have indeed
fallen on evil times. Still the monotony is broken by sweet memories of
the voyage from the classic land of |
tramps and millionaires. Midst the
whirr of saws and the rattling of machinery I have visions of deep blue
seas, playful porpoises and innumerable flying-fish which startled by the
steamer, leap from the water and for
several hundred yards give a good imitation of flying; memories of Algiers
with its quaint mixture of the modern
and the mediaeval of Naples' sweeping bay and the towering, menacing
Vesuvius of a most picturesque passage down the Straits of Messina and
the interesting journey through the
Suez. Then Colombo with its palms
and beetlenut chewing coolies, its
rickshaws with their human motive-
power will ever be remembered. Of
course, I have other memories, too,
but it doesn't pay to think too much
of the 3rd class accommodation, etc.,
that one gets or doesn't get on an
emigrant ship, There is one thing
certain and that is a few more recruits
have been added to the ever-swelling
ranks of the Socialist Army.
And now what of Australia where
they've got Socialism in practice, don't
you know? If ever you hear any guy
say that they've got Socialism over
here just club him. Certainly there
is a Labor Party ln power and what a
curious, freakish sample they are, too.
Not the least signs of "class bias"
about these people. Any such accusation is vehemently repudiated and
they hasten to assure the world that
they mean to legislate for ALL classes.
Amongst their most notable achievements are the compulsory military
training and' compulsory arbitration
acts. The young Australians of the
tender age ot fourteen and upwards
have been turned into conscripts to
be trained to save this land of sand
and sunshine from the Japanese. The
latest act of the N. S. Wales government (Lab.) ls to make the strike
illegal. Anyone even agitating for a
strike ln future will have an injunction brought against them and if they
persist in agitating will be thrown into
gaol. This precious Lab. Party for-
blds any Indoor public meeting to take
place on a Sunday except the meeting
open up with a hymn and a prayer.
We hold meetings though to get over
the law every one of the auditors is
made a member of the club for that
particular night. This takes (away
its public character. Should any of
the boys be coming this way for a job
tell them to bring a stack of references. Even a pick and shovel stiff
must show in writing of what-he is
capable. I met a young Vancouverite
a few days ago and he told me he had
managed to get the loan of a general
laboring job after three interviews
with the premier. I applied for a Job
as a pattern-maker at the government
works, In reply I received a lengthy
form on which it was necessary to
state height, weight, date of birth,
who was my last employer, etc. After
returning this along with some homemade references, In a few weeks I
received an Intimation that my application had been filed and at the bottom of this communication it stated
that if I didn't get a Job before I was
40 it would be hopeless afterwards to
expect one, as 40 was the age limit.
For several years the revolutionary
movement has had a hard struggle
here owing to the chloroforming reform dope of the Labor Party but the
future Is distinctly bright for our party. The workers have had an illustration of the effects of this "woser-
cum-Petty Bourgeols-cum crafe-unlon
government" and many of them are
ready for the straight goods. May
the good work prosper.
Yours ever,
Tired (of Capitalism)
GORDON BROWN.
Sydney, Australia.
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JULY 16
ENGLAND'S    FAKIR DAILY.
Comrade S. K, Read of Calgary
makes an appeal for Clarion readers
jto try their hand at writing articles
for the Alberta Special. We would
also like to see readers elsewhere
try their hand at writing, as we are
ihavng a hell of a time getting copy
these days. Write on one side of
paper only, write plain and leave
plenty of space between the lines for
I alterations.
FRENCH NAVY USED TO BREK
STRIKE.
Passenger Liner With 280 Scab Bluejackets Arrives In Fort.
The French Government, ' through
the French Navy, has gone-beyond all
precedents In the History ofj-t*rlke-
breaklng. The La Pirovense, of the
French Line, came into port yesterday manned with a crew of 280 men
and two junior officers from the
French Navy.
They were delegated from nine different ships of war ot the French
Republic to man the Provence when
the seamen and other members of the
crew walked out at Havre.
In addition there were twelve petty
officers of the French Navy, Including
quartermasters, bo's'uns, mates and
chief firemen.' Of the rest 230 worked In the engine room and fifty on
deck. With their little monkey caps
and red pompons and their variegated
navy uniforms they made an unusual
sight for a merchantman.
The so-called "Labor Dally" has arrived. And what a hash! It reflects
as Is to be expected, puny ideas of
Labor leaders and would-be leaders.
Issue No. 4 (18-4-12) told the workers
that its (Daily Herald) advice in East
Nottingham election was—choose the
lesser of two evils by voting for the
Liberal. So, like the I.L.P., it believes that there really is a distinction between Liberal and Tory. Good
God—a Labor Daily! And for this,
small minds enthuse.
Turning up issue No. 30 (18-5-12),
we found an article, the leading one,
by Mr. W. A. Appleton on "The Burden of Armaments." It was the usual
Keir Hardie piffle—spend less on Armaments and you'll have more for
social reforms. Said this fakir of
evolutionary and not revolutionary
union"  fame: —
"Could the governments be persuaded to settle national disputes by
reason instead of by brute force, the
many millions of money now being
wasted upon armaments would return to the ordinary channels of Industry and commerce. Wages would
rise, and social reform which now
seems beyond all hope of realisation
would at once come within the range
of practical politics."
Do wages depend on armaments?
What nonsense.
The Clarion, Labor Leader Justice
and other so-called Labor journals welcome this Labor dally, and advertise
It ln articles free (?) Seeing that it,
like them, preaches anything but Labor's hope, anything but education towards Revolution, this is fitting. Let
it go down here and now that the
Socialist does not welcome it, does
not like lt, and that we would rather
have the Liberal or Tory rag than this
wretched driveller of false sociology
and political economy. A Labor daily,
forsooth! The sooner the S. L. P.
places ln the field the first Socialist
vveekly the better. What with the
Harms worth and Cadbury-Ro wntrce
Furness press, and fakir-ridden Labor
dallies, the working class Is befogged
indeed. How much longer will It continue? That is the uestlon for the
militant S. L. P.ers and sympathisers
to answer now._Edlnburgh Socialist.
Will your Local guarantee two dollars a month towards keeping organizers in the field? Put this in the
form of a motion at your next business meeting, and Instruct the secretary to forward the Information to the
Dominion Secretary. Once we are
guaranteed enough to get the organizers started we expect the organizers
will make expenses so that ft will not
be necessary to call on the Locals for
any more than one payment.
The slave that refuses to work for
the emancipation of the working class,
though he calls himself a Socialist,
is a supporter of the present system. In the   capitalist   world.   But
At present the world of human beings is composed of classes. However
we may dispute as to the lines of de-
markation between members of these
classes, there ls no dispute that there
is a capitalist class and a working
class.
The capitalist lives by rent, interest
or dividends—that is, profits. The
working class lives by wages. The
welfare of these classes is antagonistic. The more the capitalist class gets
the less the working class gets. The
more the working class gets the less
the capitalist class gets. This ls self-
evident, since wages, rent, interest or
dividend (profits) are taken out of
the products of labor.
The Two Casses.
All men and women belong to one
or the other of these classes. To
which class you, whoever you are belong is not determined entirely by
whether you are a wage earner or
not. It is determined to' a great extent
by what you think; by your mental
attitude toward the world of human
beings; by your moral code, and,
specifically by how you vote.
If you are a wage-earner, and, a»
such, believe that you belong to an
inferior class; that you need to be
ruled by your betters; that you could
not support yourself without an employer;, that you shoould
ln the place where it has pleased God
to put you, or where you are by the
laws of nature; that if you are industrious, economical and faithful to your
employer you may some day arise
out of your class into the capitalist
class, and so cease to live by wages,
and live henceforth by rent. Interest
and profits—If you think these
thoughts, though you be a hod carrier,
ditch digger, sweatshop worker or
street sweeper, you belong to the capitalist class—you are theirs—for these
are capitalist thoughts, and "as a man
thinks so is he."
A Workingman Voting Himself Low
Wages.
If you have no thoughts on the subject of your place in life, but, when
election day comes around, you vote
the Republican or Democratic ticket,
you belong to the capitalist class, for
loth these are uipitalist parties. These
parties represent, the wage system.
They advocate child labor, wife labor
and man labor for the cheapest possible wage.
The Eaddest thing ln the world is
a workingman with a capitalist mind.
He is not to be blamed, for we are
all the creatures of circumstances, but
he Is to be pitied and saved, if possible.
One should shed an ocean of tears
at the tight of workingmen by millions voting themselroa low wages,
their wives into faccjries and their
children into mills, mint-3 nnd houses
of prostitution.
Let Those Who Are Workers Think as
Workers.
Socialists do not provoke class hatred. They invoke class consciousness. They ask workingmen to have
working class thoughts; to think that
they do not need capitalists, either to
rule them or employ them. They do
not ask them to vote for their candidates, but to vote for themselves.
THEY ASK THEM TO TRY TO UNDERSTAND THAT IF LAND AND
MACHINERY WERE COMMON
PROPERTY INSTEAD OF CAPITAL
IS T INDIVIDUAL PROPERTY,
WAGES, RENT, DIVIDENS, ALL
PROFITS, WOULD DISAPPEAR,
AND EACH WORKINGMAN WOULD
WOULD RECEIVE ALL THAT HE
PRODUCED AS A MEMBER OF A
CO-OPERATIVE COMMONWEALTH
OF SELF-RESPECTING, FREE PEOPLE, LIVING HUMAN LIVES INSTEAD OF ANIMAL-LIKE LIVES AS
AT PRESENT.
Peace Instead of War.
..iclallsm Is very simple, very easy
to understand by any one who has
not an animal mind or a capitalist
mind, or a mind Incapable of comprehending a co-operative and fraternal
civilization instead of a competitive or
fighting barbarism.
There ls no good reason wby a workingman should not be a Socialist.
There is every good reason why he
should be a Socialist.
Tbe appeal of Socialism ts so strong
tbat some capitalists have acquired
the minds of class-conscious working-
men. They have rennounced their
class, not literally, but in their minds
and hearts. They are thinking and acting as if they were workingmen. But
theBe cannot save the workingman
from wage-slavery. There are not
enough of them. Workingmen must
save themselves by thinking and voting for themselves and by casting
their ballots for the Socialist party
under the emblem of tbe torch on the
official ballot next election.
Workingmen, Free Yourselves.
Chattel slavery was easy to overthrow. That could be done and was
done by war. It is easy to liberate
men from prison. A mob can do this
by overpowering the keepers and
opening the dors. But workingmen
must free themselves, for they are enslaved by their own Ignorance. They
can only free themselves by ceasing
to think capitalist thoughts and thinking workmen's thoughts.
There ls a great opportunity open
to workingmen in the ballot box. It is
the only oportunity workingmen have
It   is
A   FEW WORD8   TO  THE   8LAVE8.
The best in the west by a damn
site! That is the slogan of this burg;
and If you interpret the meaning right,
it's the truth. For pimps and prostitutes, real estate sharks, would-be
prize-fighters and fake prize-fighters,
with a nice assortment of stool pigeons
and degenerate council men thrown in,
you will have it sized up about right.
Fakirs of every description on every
corner; but if a working man attempts
to address a crowd of his fellows the
council, not being prepared, permitted
it the flrst time, contenting themselves
by giving us an example of mental
prostitution, showing us how low some
men will sink if they think their material interest is at stake, and by publishing an article in the local paper
which had absolutely no truth to It
and was meant to prejudice the people
against the Socialist and Industrial
Workers.
And also by getting together- as
quick as possible and drafting a bylaw
prohibiting open-air meetings without
express permission of council, religipus
bodies of all kinds excepted.
Which special permission clause is
all a farce, as shown by the fact that
the other evening when a comrade attempted to speak—not on the street,
but on a vacant lot—he was stopped
By the guardians (?) of law and order
and master-class hirelings, the police;
and then when certain of the comrades
interviewed the acting mayor and certain council men, they were curtly told
that the application would have to be
put in writing before a regular -meeting of the council, which meets more
or less regularly every month. Also,
they were not averse to telling us that
they had no time for our class of talk.
This Dam town is situated In the
heart Of the C. P. R. irrigation district,
and consequently is surrounded by construction camps for a good many
miles, there being some fifteen to
exploit labor in one way or another,
and the contractors up and down the
line see the Red Peril looming up before them, and they realize that if the
workers are educated, and also If the
I. W. W. should succeed In organizing
the camps in this vicinity, their interest is very likely to suffer. It takes
an instance or two of this kind to show
the working class how little use the
masters have for them except as mere
human machines to create wealth for
them, and to what means they will
stoop, with the aid of their uniformed
hirelings and stool pigeons, to gain
their ends.
A word more: Fellow workers, don't
let them hand you any dope about
"lots of work and big wages" out here,
for what is true of any other section
is true of this section—wages, the
price of labor-power, fluctuates around
the cost of subslstance, and at present
this section is being flooded with
slaves shipped in from all parts of the
globe, so you can imagine what the
unemployed problem is that confronts
us. Might also say that a few days
ago, when special trains brought in
hundreds of people to witness a certain
prize-fight staged at this place, this
city was not adverse to issuing a 11-
BUTTON  MAKERS 8TARVED INTO.
SUBMISSION.
Muscatine, la., June 25.—Starved,
clubbed, jailed, slugged, their homes
broken up, families scattered, and the
savings of a lifetime swept away by
a 16 months' strike, the button workers of this city have given up the
struggle against the bosses and most
of them have gone back to work.
After the defeat of the Socialist
ticket last March by the combined
Democratic and Republican parties,
the workers fought on against hope
till the representatives of the American Federation of Labor advised that
the strike be called off.
The button Btrike was one of the
most memorable and hardly fought
strikes In the history of the American
labor movement. As a result Muscatine today Is but a ghost of its former
self, Its business centers deserted,
many ot its streets depopulated, one-
third of its merchants ruined and Its
chief business centers deserted, many
of Its streets depopulated, one-third
of its merchants ruined and its chief
business crippled beyond the power of
the next decade to repair.
Before the strike Muscatine, the
"beautiful little city of 18,000 people
on the banks of the Mississippi river,"
was known over two continents as the
home of the greatest pearl button industry in the world. Muscatine buttons were worn on articles of clothing
in all the large cities or the world.
Prosperity On Wane.
This unprecedented and sudden
prosperity was the goose that laid the
golden egg and the button manufacturers killed it by starting in to
reduce wages in order to Bqueeze out
more profits. It was not enough for
the bosses that little children, kept
out of school by the necessity ot
poverty, should toil all day for a
miserable pittance of 15 and 20 cents.
Not satisfied that young girls were
forced to live on wages too small to
live honestly and honorably, the manufacturers gave the crank another
twist to wring out more of the profits of the girls' toil.
In February, 1911, the workers with
unanimous resistance born of intolerable oppression, rose up as one person
and demanded redress. Unable to
see the abyss over which they were
hanging, the bosses foolishly drove
the workers on, and the result was a
walk-out at all of the factories one
day late ln February.
In August the bosses submitted after an ordinarily hard struggle and
signed up an agreement giving the
strikers practically everything that
they asked for. The men, girls and
children returned to work and for a
few days It appeared that the trouble
was over permamently.
Within a few weeks, however, the
bosses let lt be known that they had
no intention of living up to the agreement. Union men and women were
discriminated against in every way.
Officials of the union were fired on
trumped up excuses or for no reason whatever other than that they
were leaders of the workers.     It took
the workers only a few days to learn
cense for a fee of from $3 to $10, to I that the company had given up only
fakirs and operators of all kinds   of  to  adopt  a   shrewder,   if  more  dis-
skin games, whereby the people were
robbed of hundreds ot dollars in a few
hours right before the eyes of the police. But then that is a different matter, and it ls time that the working
class realize that there are two kinds
of justice in this free (?) and glorious
(?) country of ours. But then you are
getting what you voted for, so what is
the use te complain?
THOS.  HOOKER.
Not a move made anywhere this
week. Winnipeg intends to give Toronto a hard chase. Cumberland had
an easy time getting theBe books, but
if the other Locals had only known
lhat there, were few people not getting the Clarion in Cumberland, they
would have made a better effort to
beat them.
This ls how they stand:-—
Vancouver, B. C    1
Winnipeg, Man. .:    2
Toronto, Ontario  3
Calgary, Alberta  4
Edmonton, Alberta   5
Victoria, B. C 6
Cumberland, B. C    7
Moose Jaw, Sask    8
Fernle, B, O     9
Montreal, Que  10
Brandon, Man  11
New Westminster, B. C  12
Nelson, B. C 13
Sllverton, B. C _....14
South Fort George, B. C 16
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia lt
St. Catherines, Ont  17
Ottawa, Ont  18
South Hill, Sask  19
Lethbridge, Alta 20
Only a short time now till the 16th.
If you intend to take a hand in the
fight you'd better get busy right away.
Can you suggest anything barbarous, rotten, or outrageous, that Isn't
In existence at present?
enough. And now that Socialism has
entered the political field and offers
the ballot box to the worker, It wlll be
sadder than death if he does not use lt
for himselfj his wife and children-
Brooklyn Socialist.
honest, way of breaking up the union.
Late in September the workers
again left the work and then the
strike quickly developed Into one of
the bitterest Industrial struggles ever
known in the country. Thugs were
imported from Chicago and other big
cities and given commissions as policemen to work their will on the strikers,
Ihe defenseless women and children.
Strikers alone In the street were
swooped down on by policemen and
thugs, arrested, taken to jail and
held often for several days without
ball. The accidental shooting of a
policeman friendly to the strikers late
In November the merchants seized
upon as an excuse to begin a reign
of terror under the cloak of law and
order.
Work of Ruffians.
Gangs of ruffianB attacked women,
slugged men and committed depredations on the property of the strikers.
Of the 3,000 strikers about 1,500 had
left Muscatine for other cities when
early last winter the American Federation of Labor, and the Woman's
Trade Union League of Chicago took
an active part In the struggle by sending Emmett Flood and Miss Emma
Stehagen to Muscatine to take charge
of the fight.
Backed by the power of the Muscatine Importers' Association, the Iowa
Manufacturers' Association, and the
National Manufacturers' Association,
the bosses braced up for a fight to
completely destroy every vestige of
unionism among the button workers.
Threats were made that unless Flood
and Miss Stehagen got out of the
city they would be found some morning at the bottom of the Mississippi.
When the merchants threw their
lot in with the bosses, the button
workers established commissaries and
had their foodstuffs and clothing sent
In from Davenport, la. This refusal
to patronize the local merchants ruined many and exasperated all. Only
financial assistance from the National
Manufacturers' Association enabled
some of the manufacturers to keep
from complete, bankruptcy..—Chicago
World. PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY,   JULY,   6,   1912.
CAPITAL AND LABOR
The essential characteristic of wealth production under the
present system is that of profit. This is merely another form
of getting something for nothing. It is self-evident that something cannot be obtained for nothing without some one getting
ihe worst of the deal. Capitalist production will be speeded up
to the utmost limit, so long as a profit can be realized. The
motive lying behind it is not the production of use value, but
of exchange value. No matter how urgent the need of any
given tiling, its production under capitalism must cease when
profit can no longer be obtained through its production and
sale. The matter of sale is, of course, incidental to the process
©f profit-getting.
Fully devloped capitalism implies the capitalization of the
mans of wealth production, and production for profit.
CAPITAL.
If a clear understanding of what the real meaning of capital is were first obtained, much confusion might be avoided
in dealing with the problems that are continually arising under
its rule.
Capital is a term applied to the means of wealth production
tinder certain circumstances only. A mill, mine, factory, land,
etc., may or may not be capital. Operated exclusively by the
labor of the owners these things would not be capital. They
ivould be merely things for use, owned and operated by the
same persons. No profit would accrue to the owners from such
operation. As the articles produced would contain only their
own labor, it is clear that they could not obtain something
for nothing. If, however, these mills, mines, etc., be owned by
ene man or set of men and operated by another man or set of
men whose labor power is purchased as a commodity in the
market, they, take on the character of capital, and so function
as long as the goods or wares produced realize a price in
excess of the sum paid for the labor power purchased. With
full-fledged capital the labor of the owner is no longer expended in the matter of wealth production. This is entirely
tarried on by hired labor. Capital then becomes merely a
means of exploiting or making a profit out of labor. It is
needless to say that this labor is not furnished by the owners
ef capital.
Capital feeds upon wage labor. The labor market is its
legitimate feeding ground As capital develops and becomes
more completely concentrated in the hands of the few giant
corporations, the greater becomes, the number of those who are
forced to sell their labor power to prolong their existence. The
more fully stocked with labor the market becomes, the more
satisfactory the situation from the standpoint of capital. The
opportunity is thereby furnished to feed its appetite with those
choice selections that render the largest stream of the juicy
and succulent profit.
It should always be kept in mind that Capital is any form
of property used for the purpose of making a profit out of labor.
LABOR.
The resources of the earth cannot be converted into form
usable by man except by labor The conversion of the resources
of the earth into things usable by man is termed wealth production. Labor then produces all wealth That portion of
human society which performs the labor required to produce
the things necessary to the life of the race and the .prolongation
•f its existence is the only useful part of it It is the working
elass alone that makes even the miserable civilization of today
possible, as it is the working class that carries the burden
of its support upon its back The working class is the only
part of human society that society cannot get along without.
The position of Labor under the present system of capitalist property is not an enviable one to be occupied by so
important a factor. Labor power, or the power to labor is
merely an article of merchandise, a ware, a commodity to be
(ought and sold in the market like sausage, tripe, spittoons or
«oon skins. Possessing no ownership or control of the means
•f produc**on, access to which he must have in order to live,
the worker must sell his commodity to some employer. The
more ( ymplete tho development of Capital, the more glutted
the condition of the labor market. The more pronounced this
condition, the keener and fiercer becomes the competition for
jobs among the workers. As a result the price of labor power
(wages) is inevitably forced down closer and closer to the
lare cost of subsistence. In the face of these adverse conditions
of the market, the wage cannot be forced up.
The farmer with his small holdings, tools, horses, etc., does
■ot work for wages, but the circumstances under which he
labors furnish but a flimsy disguise for what amounts to practically the same thing. He works—wife, children and himself
—for a bare existence, as a rule. His hours are longer than
thos- of the worker of the factory, mill or railway. The only
advantage he has over his compatriot, the out and out wage
•lave, is that his job is "steady."
Millions of small farmers pour their products into the vortex of the world's market in such stupendous volume that the
price is held down to a sum which will only allow the farmer
to obtain what the wage slave gets—a bare existence.
SUMMARY.
Speaking from the standpoint of race usefulness, there is
but one usoful class in human society. That is the working
class. This is not only true now, but was always so. They
who feed, clotho and shelter human society alone make its
existence possible. Upon their backs is borne the burden of
civilization.
Por centuries the working class has been an enslaved class.
Boaring upon its back the burden of civilization, it has been
•Ilowod but a meagre participation in civilization's benefits.
The workers have fashioned the resources of the earth into
the finished product, not for their own comfort and well being,
but for the glory, aggrandizement and power of a ruling class.
Though their power to produce wealth is today greater than
over before, their lives are but a continued round of toil, drud-
•jery, poverty and misery. The more wealth they produce,
the deeper they sink in the quagmire of poverty, and the more
■uncertain becomes their tenure upon the means of sustenance.
That we are approaching an era of stupendous change and
upheaval in regard to social and industrial institutions, no
careful student of current events will dare dispute. The con-
tiniMiIly increasing pressure brought to bear upon the workers
tltrough the high development and enormous concentration of
capital, is creating such an ocean of unrest and discontent
among them that its volume must in the near future express
itself in a flood tide of revolution that will sweep from its
foundations the structure of capitalist society and make way
for the next stage of human progress. What tu8t. stage must
be is indicated by the present or capitalist mode of wealth
production itself.
By the very nature of wealth production and the character
of the tools and implements used in carrying it on, it is purely
i-social or collective process. That is, men produce the wealth
necessary to satisfy their needs by working together, jointly
•r collectively, each individual doing his small part or share
m the great process of making all things. This collective or
social production is more absolutely such as the tools or machineries of production become more highly developed, complicated and powerful. To such a stage, has this already been
carried that the labor of the individual is completely merged
into that of the whole. The labor of one can no longer be
separated from that of all. The result of the labor of all is
the sum total of the wealth produced. It is the social or
collective product of social or collective labor.
It is safe to say that this Bocial or collective power to
produce wealth is sufficient to make it easily possible to produce
enough to satisfy the reasonable wants of every individual,
without the hours of labor being excessively long. That such
a happy result is not obtained at the present time is due to
one fact alone. There is but one obstacle in the way of sucli
a consummation devoutly to be wished." That obstacle is
capitalist property in the means of wealth production.
Capitalist property is not private property. Neither is
it collective property, using the term to include all of the people. It is class property, a stage of property between individual and collective. Capitalist property belongs-to the economic class in human society known as the capitalist class. The-
benefit arising from property must of necessity accrue to its
owners. With the ownership of the means of wealth production
in thc hands of the capitalists who number but a small proportion of the whole people, it stands to reason that all of the
benefits arising go to them as the owners. Owning this prop-
* erty it logically follows that they must perforce own the things
porduced by its operation.) This is exactly what occurs under
the present property regime, and there lies the reason for
working class poverty alongside of enormous wealth production. The workers have no control over the things they produce, because the means of production (resources of the earth
and machinery) are not their property. The things they socially or collectively use, and must so uso or starve, held as class
property, become the means of their enslavement.
The gigantic machinery of production of today instead of
being an aid to tho comfort and welfare of menkind, is, under
capitalist class ownership, merely a huge lever whereby that
class squeezes an enormous stream of profits from the flesh,
bone, blood and marrow of the only useful portion of human
society—the working class.
Such is class ownership of social things.   Such is Capital.
By sophistry, pious declamation and specious argument,
does the press, pulpit and professor attempt to apologize for
capitalist property, justify its existence and give it divine
sanction. Without the state to establish its legality, proteel
and defend it, it would fall to the ground instantly. Government is the instrument of capitalist property today, as it was
one time the instrument of feudal or chattel slave property;
its purpose in each case that of holding the slaves in economic
bondage to the masters.
The wage slaves of today have the franchise in at least
some countries. They are beginning to intelligently tug at
their chains. They are getting to understand that their bondage is due to tho fact of class ownership of the things upon
which they depend for a living, and that this class ownership
is maintained solely by the power of government, or the state.
Awakening to tho fact of possessing political power, they are
coming to see that by the use of that power they may deliver
themselves from economic bondage by using- it to legally strike
down capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production,
and legalize in its stead the social or collective ownership
thereof, thus making the ownership conform to the method of
production.
That is why the Socialist Party of Canada springs into
existence. Under its banners the workers of the Dominion
intend to peacefully and legally brush aside the obstacle of
capitalist property and make of Canada the home of a free
people. A people free because they till the soil, weave, forge
and spin for themselves to enjoy, and not for the luxury, pomp,
splendor and profit of a useless class. That is the mission and
purpose of the Socialist Party of Canada. That is why this
little leaflet is published. It is hoped that it will at least act
as a starter to the reader along the line of acquiring a sufficiently clear understanding of the labor problem to insure
intelligent and correct action when the hour for its solution
strikes.
THE    MA8KED    ENEMY     OF   THE
LABOR   MOVEMENT.
The Los Angeles Citizen, published
at Los Angeles, California, had the following editorial on the I. W. W.:
"Were lt not for the humiliation and
danger brought to the cause of labor
by amusing, indeed, to watch the antics of the conspirators against organized labor and The Citizen ln their
secret campaign to discredit The Citizen and deliver organized labor Into
the hands of its worst enemies—the
law, flag and decency haters.
"Men—no, creatures—drawing salaries for the work of organizing the
unorganized workers and to help the
workers Improve conditions of labor
and living, skunking from group to
group, spreading the seeds of discredit
to The Citizen and treason to the
American Federation of Labor.
"Creatures pledged to the principles
of organized labor and living off its
bounty, utilizing their offices as generators of theories utterly antagonistic
to the principles they are pledged to
defend and promote.
"Has It come to pass In the labor
movement of California where to stand
against collusion with elements opposed to everything sacred to labor
and humauity, means that one Is unfit to hold the confidence of organized
labor?     It seems so.
"The editor ot The Citizen has listened with his own ears* to the verbal
assaults of representatives of the I.
W. W. on the flag. Socialism and
particularly the American Federation
of Labor—designated by them the
'American Separation of Labor.'
"Representatives of The Citizen
have listened to boasts by tbe same
agitators that 'in six months the Labor Temple will be ours' and that
certain labor leaders would 'wake up
next morning and say, 'Good morning,
Jesus."
"As long as these individuals confined their activities to wasting their
threats on street-orner air, The Citizen did not concern itself, but when
they attempted to involve organized
labor In a scheme designed for its
destruction, then this paper resolved
to frustrate such an attempt.
"When The Citizen saw members
of the I. W. W. Insinuate themselves
Into the councils of labor, making
exaggerated and untruthful appeals
to the organized workerB and then go
out and mock and revile and threaten
the very organizations that responded to their hypocritical appeals, it
resolved to absolve itself fro mall collusion with such persons and methods.
"When it saw the labor movement
for the upbuilding    of Which lt has
struggled incessantly and with widely-
known success becoming the prey of
incompetent shysters, wife-deBerters,
flag-desecraters, anarchists and revolutionists, it raised its voice in warning and inaugurated a campagn of investigation that will result in showing
up those who would use the American
Federation of Labor and the Socialist
party as shields and clubs with which
to advance their despicable tactics.
"If this is grounds for condemnation as 'unfit to hold the confidence
of organized labor,' then the editor of
The Citizen will continue to occupy
the position of unfitness.
"The time is 'ripe and rotten ripe'
for a complete showing up of the traitors who are exploiting the struggling workers and undermining the
institutions erected at Infinite sacrifice for their protection and advance-
ment."_MIner's Magazine.
No. We don't want sympathy; we
want subs.
* *   *
Have you found out when your sub.
expires?
tea
The present system has got to be
abolished, but we need your help to
do It.
• *   •
If the workers want to obtain real
freedom , they will have to get lt
themselves; the capitalist class won't
give It them. *
• •   *
Have you ordered that bunch of
sub-cards yet? We have plenty on
hand. Oet busy right now as our
offer closes ln a short time.
* *   a
Six organizers to be put in the field
this winter. If you will guarantee the
expense of starting them, once they
are started out, we think they will be
able to make their own expenses.
.   .   .
We want some capable organizers
to take the field about September. If
you think you can fill the job write
the Dominion Secretary and give your
experience.
♦ *   *
Any Locals wishing to continue
their weekly distribution of leaflets
can get some of the back numbers;
we cannot guarantee them every
week so we have got to publish them
every two weeks.
ATENTS
In all Countries. Ask for our In'
ventor's Adviser. Marlon ft Marlon,
364 University Street, corner St. Catherine Street, Montreal, and Washington, D. C, U. 8. A.
F, PERRY
TAILOR
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
LABOR TEMPLE.
A Good Place to Eat at
Mulcahy's
Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
THE SOLUTION OF THE
SALOON PROBLEM
Geo. North  Taylor, Streator, 111.
Men work side by side In the factory,
mill and mine. Scarcely a word passes from one to the other all day.
Muscles tense, eyes strained, attention
riveted, identity lost, personality gone,
man the machine has come. Work,
sweat, rush, bloow, speed up, trre out,
but produce, produce, produce.
The maimed, broken down, to the
scrap heap. Ever the system calls for
recruits. They must be the young,
the healthy. Don't talk, don't miss
a stroke, don't stop the machine.
But what of the soul inside the machine? How about the fine nervous
organization? Shall the mind starve?
Is not man a social being? Where
will the "afteir hours" be spent?
Here In a city of twenty thousand
people, mostly workers. Here
are twenty churches open one day a
week. That one day devoted to the
hereafter; not the living, practical
now. Here are thirty-six saloons open
seven days a week. Warmth, light,
comradeship, life. Sixty-six hearths
dedicated to the here, the now. Where
will the man go?
We desire not fancies but facts.
We observe not theories, but conditions. The saloon exists in our town
because it supplies a want, a need. It
offers a common meeting place. It
dispenses good cheer. It ministers to
the craving for fellowship. To the exhausted, worn-out body, to the strained
nerves—the relaxation brings rest.
Here are the natural stimulants and
also the artificial ones for sale.
Why then the outcry against the
saloon which is so often heard? There
are two chief reasons. One Ib the
abuse.of the Instrument by the user,
the other is the abuse of power by the
owner of the instrument.
The case of a man who deliberately
starts out to accumulate a jag is rare.
It happens sometimes. One of the
chief reasons is the treating habit.
Observe a half dozen men enter a
saloon together. It's six chances to
one that each man will want to buy
drinks for all. Probably each man
wants only one drink but the absurd
custom of one man buying for all and
then the others reciprocating forces
six drinks down the throat of every
man in the party. Such a custom not
only wastes money but makes drunkards.
Another evil is the use of the saloon as a sort of political headquarters.
It ls an attempt to buy votes with
booze and to make the voter support
the candidate who is "a good fellow"
and buys the cigars and drinks. Just
a small, petty plan of bribery.
The abuses from behind the bars are
no less flagrant. Open violation of law
is a common occurrence. The time for
closing Ib not observed. Sunday laws
are broken. Gambling is encouraged
in many places and Bales of liquor are
made to minors and those under the
influence of drink.
What, then, is the relief? It lies
ln common sense from the customer
and ln enforcement of law. Open the
churches, school houses and other
available places for helpful lectures,
clean amusements and delightful recreations. These will develop common
sense and decrease anarchy.
What is the remedy? Work, under
healthful, comfortable conditions;
short hours; the return to the producer of what he produces or its
equivalent. That wlll bring him time
and means to waken to a larger life.
It will make it possible for him to.
have a home fit to live in, to have
clubs and entertainments suitable for
a human being. It will exalt manhood,
it will dignify labor. It will empty
the saloon: It will put the army of
men, now engaged in the production
and sale of liquor, into useful occupations. Then, and not until then, will
the saloon cease to be a problem.
E. T. KINGSLEY
<flPrinter
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