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Western Clarion Nov 26, 1910

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 NO. 607.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Nov. 26, 1910.
htnu       •IsWV
ALBERTA LEGISLATURE
Slave 'Representative Getting to Work Again
After His Majesty fcSad vicariously
and perfunctorily gone through the
usual farce of opening the flood-gates
of legislative eloquence at Edmonton,
Charlie O'Brien gained the floor to
reply to that part of the speech from
the throne which had heen left out
and addressed himself to the speaker
as follows:
"Mr. Speaker, this is the first time
I have had the opportunity of addressing you since the close of the last
session, when I introduced a resolution of condolence to the widows and
orphans of the New Haven mine disaster. Now Mr. Speaker, we have heard
much from the Honorable member for
Sedgewick, and also, with great eloquence from the Leader of the Opposition and his colleague, the junior member for Calgary as to what liberty-loving people they were and how they
were fighting for democracy, and represented the people's party in the
house. It ls amusing to hear these
people talking about democracy and
representing the people's party. When
I gave them the opportunity for doing
something lust session they were the
loudest ln protest against it.
I am not here to convert the Assembly, Mr. Speaker, for lt is easily to be
eeen that it represents the interests
ot various corporations whose biding
it must do.
In a social system where there are
classes democracy cannot exist. We
are out for democracy and we realize
tbat democracy cannot be practiced
under capitalism. The difference between you and us is that you do not
undersand this and we do. The statements that the junior member for Calgary and the Premier made regarding
one another are, I agree, true. For instance, the former referred to the
premier's speech as the ranting talk
of an irresponsible school boy. A
statement in which I fully concur. If
your electors could have been here I
am sure It would have done the movement to which I belong much good.
Mr. Speaker, the speech from the
throne refers to furthering the interests of agriculture. While tt is true
that scientific farming is more produc-
• tlve than the old method, that is not
the real reason why the farmer Is
poor. The farmer, with the rest of
the working class, has great productive powers, but it is the man who
farms the farmer who gets the benefit.
We find that the average farmers do
not own the farms, for they are generally mortgaged and those who do hold
the title deeds are compelled to sell
their produce to the big corporations
and are thereby relieved of what little
there is in it. Now, I look at it in this
light; that if only through certain avenues can I get rid of my products
they who control these avenues control the products, and I am their slave.
The Parmer realizes that the scientific
method is the most productive but he
is too poor to adopt these methods for
his returns do not average those of
tbe skilled mechanic.
The leader of tho opposition spoke
ot the good homes of the farmers.
"Why, you can flnd homes within a
Bton'e throw of here, the homes of the
■working men, which cannot be called
good homes, and yet these are mansions compared with the homes of the
farmers. Reference was made to the
poor crops which could not be helped
as the Almighty had seen flt to send
bad weather. Yet we flnd that thesi
crop failures are not affecting those
who farm the farmer. Some of the
speakers wax quite eloquent on the
new settlers that you are trying to Induce to come to this country. The honorable member for calgary told us that
the corporation which he represents is
building houses and digging wells
ready tor the new settlers. Just fancy
the C. P. R. stockholders digging wells
(laughter). I agree it would be a
humorous spectacle. As a matter of
tact far the greater portion of them
have never seen these lands, but I
daresay lt was a good opportunity for
Mr. Bennett to advertise the corporation which he represents. These settlors are induced to come here under
various pretexts. They are told that
this land sells for two and thretr hun
dred dollars per acre. Again, on the
other hand, you publish it broadcast
that they bring enormous capital with
them. I deny this statement, for in
conversation with many of these people, who are chiefly Americans, I flnd
that they have from five hundred to
eight hundred dollars when they land,
and they are not long here before
some shark has relieved them of that.
Another reason why this "best class
of settlers" (the Americans) is wanted is because they produce more mil-
llonaries than tbe Italians, they are
the most willing of slaves and any
bunch of masters seeking slaves get
the very best they can buy. Why do
these farmers leave the States? The
majority have been getting very small
returns and they come to this country
thinking to get clear of the big corporations. However, they soon discover
that they cannot escape these. Though
this country is young, capitalism is
well developed.
Again, compare the position of the
farmer today with that of his predecessors under the feudal system. He
is not so well off. In many instances,
for example, they made their own
butter and they ate it themselves.
Their food on the whole was better
than the adulterated stuff the farmer
eats today. The farmer now makes
butter, not to eat but to sell. Again,
they had more leisure, they did not
work Sundays and they had numerous
holy days which were days of feasting
not of fasting, as are the holidays of
the slave class today.
I do not advocate going "back to the
land" for w» Socialists know that that
is impossible, but wish to show you
how the cencentration of capital Into
fewer hands affects the farmer. The
same holds gobd for the small manufacturer. For where stood woolen and
shingle mills in my boyhood days, now
stand gigantic workhouses, huge lumber mills and great weaving plants,
and we flnd the children of the former mill-owners serving as wage slaves
in these great workhouses. We are
pleased to see such developments taking place for we realize that the more
swiftly the system develops the sooner
will our class come into its own.
I had an Idea that the reason why
men  seemed  so  anxious  to  become
members of parliament was because of
that "large" salary, but I find that this
salary does not go so far after all, and,
comparing myself with  some of the
members here, I find out that it is not
the salary,   hen I thought lt was the
graft  they  could  get  out  of  it,  but
wben I flnd a few of the leading lights
trying to pull off a little, the watchdogs of the big corporations are there
to see that they do not get clear with
the booty.    No, sir.    These are not
capitalists, but the hired slaves of capitalists for I look around and do not
flnd Lord Strathcona or Rockefeller or
Mackenzie   sitting   here.     When   the
last Government was defeated on the
Great Waterways deal, it being against the interests of the big corporations
such as the C. P. R., we flnd the Dominion Government stepping in and
imposing on ub a new premier. Chief
Justice Sifton.   Men do not leave the
position of Chief Justice for the lowly
premiership of a province because of
patriotism or desire   to   serve   their
country. There are other reasons.   I
suppose the new premier will be able
to stave off the building of this Great
Waterways road until the C. P. R., has
built its road.   No doubt if he does
that he will have fulfilled his mission.
The honorable  member    for    Red
Deer has suggested that the Government become a loan company for poor
farmers.    But it matters not to the
farmers whether they  are    able    to
borrow their money at four per cent,
or at eight per cent.   As long as they
do not own the product of their toil
they will be in the same condition as
now.   All you will do, is make them
more highly productive  slaves.    Tell
me where  good  clothes  and shelter
are cheap and I will tell you where
wages   are   low.    Tho   only  truth  I
could discern in the speeches of the
memhers of this house yesterday was
when .the premier stated that this loan
business would be impracticable.
A TRANSPARENT FAKER.
The Rev. Charles Stelzle continues
to send out his weekly contributions
to the labor press and a number of
these so-called labor journals continue
to give space to the mental drivel of
the clerical gentleman, who established a "Labor Department in the Presbyterian church."
Under the caption: "The Dignity of
Labor," Stelzle slobbers as follows:
"Practically every American boy has,
at some time, been dominated by the
notion that he will become President
of the United States. Has he not
been told repeatedly that this is quite
within his rights? Many a boy has
realized, with something of a shock,
that this great office would undoubtedly be denied him. Fortunately, he
soon found some other occupation.
"There is something fine in the
thought that the greatest gift within
the power of the people may, in time,
be bestowed upon the humblest in the
land. But here, as in some other
things, it would be well to give the
young people of our country a clear
sense of proportion and an appreciation of true values. It is so manifestly
impossible for more than perhaps a
dozen men to become President during the average period of possibility
in a man's life, that it would be well
to centre the absolute certainty, if he
Is willing to pay the price of persistent
hard work. For, after all, this Is the
essence of genius. There are thousands of men in this country, unsuccessful products of our professional
schools, who really might have made
first-class mechanics. On the other
hand, there are large numbers of work-
ingmen who aspired to positions in
life for which they were utterly utj-
fitted and who have to-day degenerated Into bitter cynics. This class furnishes a large percentage of those who
are dominated by the spirit of social
unrest. They are the disappointed
visionaries among the artisan class—
the Idealist without a sense of proportion.
"It ls unfortunate that our system
of education—particularly in our public schools—is such that the vast
majority of children, even the sons
and daughters of the working class,
desire to become professional men and j
women because they have an idea such Magazine.
work is more genteel than that in the
trades; with the result that the professions are overcrowded with people
who are unfitted for the occupation
which they have selected as their life's
work. The next great task of our
educational institutions is so to dignify mechanical labor that it win appeal to the boys because of the possibilities in it for them. This will
raise the artisan class to a higher and
saner level, and will give the efficient
workingman the place in society to
which he is justly entitled. It will
take away the false conception, present even among workingmen themselves, that to toil with one's hands
is to accept a menial position."
If labor was "dignified" under the
present industrial system, It is somewhat singular that it requires so
many orators and journalists to plant
Icuch a conception of labor in the minds
of the people who do the work of
the world.
If labor is "dignified," it is likewise
singular that the very men who pay
such glowing tributes to the "dignity
of labor," have done everything in
their power to escape enjoying such
dignity."
Stelzle and all the hypocrites of his
ilk, know that to work for another is
to wear the yoke of wage slavery.
A million of Stelzles may use every
word in the English language to
shower upon the "dignity of labor"
the most flowery encomiums of praise,
but the fact will still stand out, that
the man or women who works for
wages is but a slave and must endure
servitude which is repugnant to
every man or woman whose heart
beats for economic freedom.
Ihe Rev.' Stelzle should know, that
labor can never "dignify" man, but
that man can "dignify" labor when the
earth and all of its machines of production become the common heritage
of all humanity.
The slave yielding implicit obedience to a master in order that he may
earn the means of a miserable existence, cannot stand upon his dignity
as a man.
If Stelzle believed in his statements,
then why did he leave the bench of
a machinist to become a preacher?
Stelzle is a skim-milk fakir.-— Minere'
CAUSE UF INTEMPERANCE
-
Too (Much 'Prohibition Now, More Freedom Needed
Political vs. Professional
Ethics
Scene  I.
Nomination .Day — Hon. .Ananias
Limberjaw, K.C., addressing his constituents:
And now, gentlemen, let me say a
few words in reply to the extraordinary—and I may say regretable—remarks of the Socialist candidate who
endeavors to set class against clasB,
and stir up sectional hatred by the
use of most incendiary language. He
openly says that If elected he will
act In the Interests of the Working
class  alone,  that is  to say  he  will
absolutely disregard and set. at naught Jtnd impartial manner
the vested rights and the legitimate     Judge—And  you  mean  to tell  me,
interests of capital.   I'm sure, gentle- sir, that you have been retained by
men, that you will effectually by your | both parties to this suit?
plaintiff?
Hon. A. Limberjaw, K.C.—I do, me
lud-judge—And who appears for the
defendant.
Hon. A. Limberjaw—I appear for
him, me lud.
Judge—Pardon mo, Mr. Limberjaw,
but I thought you said you were retained for Ihe plaintiff.
Hon. A. L.   Ah, yes, me lud. Fact Is
In order to perpetuate the system of
slavery, thievery and beggary under
the capitalist system, It becomes absolutely necessary to keep the workers
divided on religious and political questions for fear they wlll unite on
economic demands.
One of the false issues calculated
to excite the working man is prohibition. Now what interest has the working man in prohibition? You are
already prohibited from nine-tenths of
the good things of life. If you want
proper food you are prohibited. If you
want to live In a modern bouse, it's
prohibited as far as you are concerned.
If you want to send your children to
school Instead of the factory, you're
prohibited. You're prohibited from
nearly all of the good things of life.
About the only thing left within the
reach of the working man is a glass
of beer, and now they would prohibit
you from that.
For thirty years prohibitory laws
have been on the statute books of Kansas, yet it is an indisputable fact tbat
more alcoholic drink is consumed ln
rural Kansas than ln rural Missouri.
In riding through Kansas tbe passenger will see every depot platform piled
high with cases of beer and jugs of
whisky. Yet the only place in Kansas
where the demon alcohol has a legal
right is ln the churcn, for sacramental
purposes. Strange as it may seem,
"The soul destroying hell broth," as
Carrie Nation calls it, can only be
used in tbe worship of God. I have
seen pious priests and sanctimonious
ministers turn toward the altar and
drink wine in commemoration of the
death of Christ, and then turn toward
their congregation and preach prohibition.
The Prohibitionists take advantage of the prevailing distress among
the working class to give a false interpretation of the economic conditions
and spread their pernicious doctrines.
If you draw their attention to child
slavery, they will howl "rum.'' If
you speak of the crowded tenements
they answer "Rum." If you broach the
unemployed problem, their reply is
"Rum! Rum! Rum! Rum!" They
know nothing but rum; and they claim
not to even know the taste of that.
They point to the saloon ln the Blum |
district and they blame the saloon
for the slum. One would think that
the saloon was started and the slum
grew up around it. Ar a matter of
fact the saloon came to cater to the
devitalized inhabitants of the slum.
And the slum is the direct result of
the profit system.
In Kansas City the North End slums
are caused by the churches and palaces of the South Side. Big churches
and big residences result from big
profits, and big profits mean low wages
and long hours of labor.    Low wages
I appear for both.   It's a little unusual         .._„—
perhaps, but both parties have every and long hours means that tho work-
confidence  that  I   can   present their [ers must crowd together in tenements
they would receive the full product
of their toil.
Even as long hours and low wages
result fn intemperance, so short hours
and high wages tend to temperance.
Drunkenness can nut be cured by
putting a plaster ■ n it.
The Prohibitionists see the effect;
the Socialists would remove the cause.
For hundreds of years nurses and
doctors gave up their lives in the
struggle with the yellow fever ln Cuba,
but yellow fever remained until the
scientists searched out the cause of
the disease and exterminated the yellow fever mosquito by draining
swamps and filling in the places where
it breeded. And so with intemperance
It can never be cured by a constitutional amendment; and until the cause
which is the profit system, is removed,
we must expect poverty, misery, pauperism and , intemperance.—Kansas
City Socialist.
THE WAGE-SLAVE.
They shrink, they crouch and whine-
beneath the blow,
And prate of tyranny—the slavish,
breed—
Not lightened load but hardened grind,
I trow,
Would be their rightful meed.
I would not ease them of a single pain,
of want, or one of slavery's whips
that crack,
But, rather, were I able, I were fain
To heavier load the burdens on their
back.
'Tis  not  that  they   are  slaves  and
burdened sore—
I could forgive but tried they to be
free—
But these, unlike the ones who went
before,
Cling to their chains, and hug their
slavery.
These  are  not  men    indeed,    these
things which creep
To masters, and they claim no help
of mine;
Driven to the shambles, bleating, human sheep,
Timid as hares and  muddy-brained
as swine.
A craven mass and blind—class kin
to me,
There  yet  is  bppe—They  are  not
all asleep;
In many eyes, but half-lit yet, I see
The red light of rebellion burning
deep.
And  some  there  be  who, e'en now,
cast aside
The chains of supe-°tltlon and of
fear;
And  pass  tho   whispered  word,  and
'grimly bide
The day of reckoning which cometh
near.
0. D.
respective sides of the case In a fair
votes administer a crushing rebuke
to such narrow mlndedness, and that
actuated by a spirit of patriotism and
public spirit you will elect me as
your representative, It shall be my
proudest boast that if returned, as I
know I shall be, I shall represent fairly and Impartially the Interests of all
classes, rich and poor, employer and
employed. I am for the whole people,
without distinction of class. (Loud
applause).
Scene II.
In the Court Room.
Judge—Next   case—John  Doe    vs.
Richard   Roe—Who    represents   the
So long as the working class do
not own tho means of life they must
remain slaves but they are fast moving
up. We are driving the enemy into
one camp and it is becoming dally
clearer that there ls no difference between the Liberals and the Conservatives. In conclusion I may state my
position is unalterably opposed to
yours. My Interests are bound up with
the movement to which I belong,
yours with the corporations which
you represent. RUFUS.
Hon. A. L.   Yes, but—
Judge—Sit down, Bir! Not another
word! Why it's perfectly scandalous!
It's a most flagrant violation of professional ethics! I never heard of
such a thing. How can you possibly
represent the interests of conflicting
parties at the same time. I am amazed that a man of your standing and
experience should fancy for a moment
that this court would sanction such
a proceeding, and I hope the Law
Society will see to It that you no
longer disgrace an honorable profession.       PHILLIPS THOMPSON.
Unemployed   Raid   on   Potato  Fields.
Potato fields In the Sunderland
neighbourhood, it was said In the
course of a prosecution of seventeen
unemployed on Saturday, were dally
Infested by over a hundred men, who
took potatoes away. One farmer had
given the unemployed permission to
glean potatoes, but a police-sergeant
xplalned that 112 men entered another
field, completely sacking the place.
All the men charged were fined.—
Dally Mall, Oct., 1910.
and shacks, must live In cellars and
attics, must have insufficient food and
unsuitable clothing.
When men work from ten to fourteen hours per day their vitality Is
exhausted, they have not the proper
food to recuperate their worn bodies,
they breath the poisonous air of the
tenement, and failing to receive tbe
natural stimulant of sunshine, air and
food, they turn to the false stimulant
of drink.
Socialism offers the only cure for
the drink evil. Take the profit ont of
whisky and you take the hell out of it.
We would not hope to do away with
the slums by closing the saloon, but
wc would do away with the saloon by
closing the slums—by making It possible for every man to have a comfortable home and comfortable surroundings. Socialism would not close
breweries and distilleries and throw
thousands out of work and, leavo them
to struggle helplessly on the labor
market to bring down the wages of
those employed in other occupations.
On the contrary, liquors would bo
manufactured for consumption and
not for profit, and If the higher standard of living decreased the demand for
alcoholic beverage, tho laborers employed would merely bo transferred
to some  other  line of work where
8TUDY  FOR  YOUR8ELVE8.
We have been taught that our forefather!: were slaves, and therefore
could not have as much human dignity
as we free wage workerB. When we
familiarize ourselves with actual facts
we flnd our forefathers wore slaves
but, slavery not being as old then as
It Is now, they were less degraded than
we. Instead of having less they were
a great deal more fortunate. With
tho introduction of the wage system,
our forefathers still had sufficient human dignity to rebel against peddling
themselves on the labor market.
"Many Instances might be given to Bhow
how repulsive it was to them. By
a process of training, called education,
we not only tamely submit at present,
but think we could not live without
the wage system. Even now while it
is doomed and preparing to tumble
down we, unconsciously, aBslHt in
propping It up. I say we, meaning the
majority of the working class, the
Socialists, who are yet in the minority,
of course, endeavor by every act possible to speed its downfall. We propose, but the majority disposes. At
the rate we are growing, however, the
position wlll .soon be reversed. Those
of you who are now so boastful of
being with the majority had better
get busy and study Socialism.
C. M. O'B. THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. BRlTISh COLUMBIA
8ATURDAY,   NOVEMBER 26, 1910
536c
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and chains, the bankers who lend these
money, the great mlllowners whose
product they are finishing, an endless
chain.
And so is all the world.   One vast
AMERICA'S CONQUEST OF  CHINA.
"The educational conquest of China
is a fact, and the palm to her who
merits it," says Prof. W. E. Soothill,
factory belonging to   the   capitalists, .principal of Shansi University—"it is
wherein toil slaves innumerable, men
women and babies, Christian and heathen, docile and savage, white, black,
yellow and brown, by their united toil
heaping wares upon wares; receiving
therefor a bare subsistence, all over
and above which passes Into the hands
of the capitalist class to be distributed
among its members unto each according to the degree and extent of his
ownership.
608
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires tbe
next issue. 	
SATURDAY,   NOVEMBER  26,   1910
NO 8IDETRACKS FOR US.
THE MAN OF MANY MA8TER8.
One of the outstanding differences
between the system of chattel slavery
and the present wage system is that
whereas, under the former one master
had many slaves, under the latter one
slave has many masters.   Not only is
this so in the matter of corporations,
with  their  innumerable  stockholders
and bond holders, but in many other
less apparent ways also.    In fact, so
many are the masters of one slave and are not tne foundations of the capit-
so difficult is it to trace the intricacies allst  syBtem.    They  are  merely  by-
of his bondage, that one can only say ,)roducts  of  the  system  and,  while,
that he is a slave to the master class;  we -j-jg taem ab0Ut as much as we do
that class exploits class! j u,e   o^er   mal-odorous    by-products,
we refuse to waste our time or energy
fooling with them. The best way to
separate   the   individual   from   nieta-
The struggle between the classes ls
becoming ever more Intense. Day by
day, with the solidification and trustification of industry, the rapid elimination of the middle class, the class distinctions are being more closely drawn.
This being so, the necessity of hewing
to the line becomes more apparent.
We must always and ever refuse to
be led Into side-tracks. The S. P. of
C. Is the Socialist party. It is not to
be tied up with any fool idea of tbe
radical bourgeois—such as atheism.
We are not anti anything—except anti-
capitalist. The attacking of various
things upon which capitalism does
not depend for its maintenance primarily—but which, such as the religious Institutions of the day, on tbe
other hand, depend primarily on capitalism for their maintenance—is not
our funeral.
We are fully aware of the significance of the materialist conception,
and it is because of this realization
that we are so determined to mind
our own business—the education of
the proletaire as to their true position
in capitalist society. We strike at the
foundation.   .The modern institutions
This point is of Importance because
it Is in the attempt to think out economic problems in terms of Individual
masters and   individual    slaves   that J physical conceptions Is to teach him
or her class struggle and Marxian
economics. Then he or she comes
to materialistic philosophy as a natural evolution—and stays with it.
Metaphysical conceptions are going
down and out so fast, anyhow, that
we don't feel called upon to bother
with them—the doing so being to our
kicking    a    near
many students of economics become
inextricably befogged.
Just as production is a social process, so exploitation also is social. As
no worker produces anything but merely  embodies  his  quota  of  labor  into
whatever  article  passes  through  his
hands, among many others, in its process of production, so also the surplus m|n(i   much  like
values    he    creates    are      dispersed  corpse.
among numberless exploiters.   To say '
that the workers  in  any  factory,  no
matter how  large or  small, are  the
slaves of the owners of that factory is
neither correct nor true.    A landlord
may be drawing rent from the surplus
product of their  toil.    A  bank  may
bo approprlotlng a large proportion as
interest on loans and thereby its numerous shareholders bo participating in |
exploitation.    Interesl   on    mortgages'
may eat up  much  of tho  profit.    In I
same caseB the factory may be merely
,   ,, ,. ,    expect anything save slave tendencies
a marketing agency  lor some supply1,.     ... „ . ....
house  or   larger   manufacturing  con
America that has the right to hold it.'
It has been a short-sighted policy on
the part of foreign traders with China
to have neglected educating the people
for so long. Political economy teaches
that "the more highly educated a
people ls, the greater its needs and the
greater the power of purchasing."
"Nations reap according to their sow
Ing, and America deserves a plentiful
harvest." As markets follow the advance agent of Intelligence, this
writer argues, America's intellectual
victory is to be succeeded by a commercial conquest.
The province of Shansi, whose college is presided over by Principal
Soothill, is rich in coal, Iron, copper,
and Bait. It ls also a famous fruit district and is beginning to be exploited
by foreign capital. The college is
a great triumph of the movement toward the Europeanlzation of the industrial and scientific methods of tbe
Chinese.
In a brief sketch of the old and
new methods of teaching, In The
Contemporary Review (London) this
writer tells us that the change in
Chinese education has come suddenly,
for "the American has applied himself
to the root of China's pressing temporal need" and "spent a hundred
times as much money on education"
in China as any other nation, and that
within the last ten years. To quote
this writer:
"A decade ago the scholars of China
resented any suggestion that their
educational system stood In need of
reform. Theirs was the ideal of what
education should be. That 95 per cent.
of the people could not read, and 99
per cent, could not write, was as it
had been, as it should be, and as it
always would be.    Learning was for
the few, not for the many	
"Not only would the Chinese scholar
of a decade ago have scorned the need
of reform, but many European residents deemed the possibility of change
a fit subject for mirth—except, of
course, that handful of ever hopeful
men and women whose foolish faith
aims   at,  and  singularly  enough  sue
on these things, and even to lay ruthless hands on the clay gods and pull
them from their thrones, as has been
done in numbers of places in the interests of education, is a marvelous^
sign of the times. And it is the
Christian missionary who has been
quietly preparing the way for this by
loosening the popular hold upon the
vacant places of the gods, a thing
which mere secular education can
never do."
He blames the iukewarmness of English traders in the matter and contrasts
it with the activity of Germany and
America. He admits, however, that
Lord William Cecil with his scheme
for a great undenominational European
university in Peking is rousing the
attention of the British people. Dr.
Soothill says:
"The last person one would expect,
judging from past experience, to take
an Interest in the Chinese, would be a
member of the British aristocracy, yet
Lord William Cecil has recently put
himself to much trouble and expense
in order to bring England more into
line in this important question—important for England as well as for
China. What the response will be the
near future will show. Already there
are cavilers and objectors, whose
short-sightedness is about equal to
their generosity.
"Lancashire alone could easily satisfy Lord William Cecil's appeal, and
ought to do so, for she has fed and ls
feeding multitudes of her people on her
trade with China. Wealthy men who
do not feel It their duty to support
denominational mission colleges can
surely support an institution so broadly planned as that of Lord William
Cecil."—Literary Digest.
•   .   •
Thus the day of civilization begins
to dawn in the East. Too long have
the benighted Chinks wasted their
substance on "an Idle set of parasite-
breeding parasites, and on a round
of useless superstitions," when lt
might have been usefully spent on
American and European overalls, soap,
sausages and sox, with up-to-date superstitions, bound in calf, thrown in.
There ls a great future in store for
China. She is to be evangelized and
"educated" to become a market. Is
It any wonder that the American Board
Socialist Directory
Every local of tho Socialist Party
of Canada should run a curd under this
head. $1,011 per month. Secretaries
please note.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
Socialist Purty ot Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1888, Vancouver,  B.  C.
      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAI,      REVELSTOKE,      B.C.S.F.C—
Propaganda und business meetings at
8 p. m. every Sunday evening ln the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are Invited to attend. B. F. dayman, Secretary.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 85, B. P. of 0.,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:3U p.m. hi. Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Kossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
54 Rossland.
ALBBRTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday ln
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary . wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
Alta.
MANITOBA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE NOTICE—This card ls
inserted for the purpose of getting
'■YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are alwayH
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. H. Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, Winnipeg.
MARITIME       PROVINCIAL       EXECU
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 'Dl, Olace Bay, N. S.
PHILOSOPHY OF WAIL, WHINE
AND  WHIMPER.
The economic factor is the determining one in human society. The
whole superstructure—political, "ethical," "moral," artistic, etc., will reflect the economic fundamentals. With
Ihe present system of economic slavery
it Is. of course. Impossible for us to
ceeds in, moving mountains.   The Em- i0f Foreign Missions has been entrusted
peror's  proposals  for educational  re-■with over forty three million dollars
form in 1898 came as an astonishment ifor "evangelizing the world."
to all, both Chinese and Europeans.   A
high  European  official of world-wide
repute was the first who showed me GO WEST I
the   Imperial   edict   embodying   these
reforms, and it was with deep feeling ,    ,,    .
,._.  . ,   ,   „,   , , , .Dear Comrade Mack: —
that he remarked,   It is amazing.    I "
never expected to see such proposals i    ' w111 tr>- and Klve you a disc|,|"tion
as these.'   The poor Emperor lost his  of »*3' tlin to the west    T1"s ls my
first attempt at writing for publication/
if  you  think  it is  not  interesting to
your readers,    put    it in    the    waste
The poor Emperor lost his
throne, and indirectly his life, for his
boldness, but not four years passed
from the issue of his edict before his
plans were in large measure adopted
by the Empress Dowager, whose tragic
death, the day after his, remains one
of the enigmas of fate."
A  scheme  of  compulsory universal
education is being formulated and will
basket.
I started from Brantford, Ontario, on
the 30th of September. When I changed ears at Toronto, I met Comrade
Farmilo, who was coming west on
same   tiain.    There   was   nothing   of
LOOAL   VANCOUVER,   B.  O.,  NO.  1.—
Canada.       Business    meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, Viol
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
LOCAL  VANCOUVER, B.  C,  NO.  45.—
Finnish. Meets every second und
fourth Thursdays In the month at ^237
Westminster Avenue. Secretary, Wm.
Mynttl.
LOOAL   NELSON,   B.  P.   of  O.,
every Friday evening at 8 p. m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL YMIR, B. 0., No. 31, B. P. Of 0.
—Meets every third Saturday ln
month, at 7:30 p. m. E. Anderson,
Secretary: W. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer.
Unattached Comrades in the district
are earnestly requested to get In touch
with Secretary, who will answer all
enquiries.
LOOAL OALOART, ALTA., No. 4, B. P.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Heading Room. Labor Hah, T,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Maedonald,  Organizer,  Box  647.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO     9.
Miner's Hall und Opera House. Propaganda Meetings ut 8 p.m. on the 1st
und 3rd Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at 8
Organizer—T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.
Secretury, D. H. Hyslop, Box 63, Coleman Alta. Visitors may receive lnfor-
mutlon any day ut Miner's Hall from
Com. W. Graham, Secretary of U. M.
W. of A.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, B. C, NO. 58—
LETTISH—Meets every second and
last Sunday in the month, '2 p. in.
E. J. Weinberg. 40 Ave., Soutli Hill.
J. Schogart, Secretary, Box 1616,
Vancouver,   B.   C.
LOOAL VICTORIA, NO. 9,   .8. P. OP C.
Headquarters und Reading Room,
. 623 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunduy ut Grund Tlieatre. R.
Thomas, Secretury.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.   8,   S.  P.   of  C.
meets every ultei-uute Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
ut 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propugunda
meeting commences ut 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box 8:6.
LOCAL FERNIE, S. P. of C. HOLDS
educational meetings in the .Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Ferula, every Sunday evening at 7:15. Business
meeting llrst Sunday in each month,
same place ut 2:30 p, in.
Duvld  Futon,  Secy.,  Box  101.
LOCAL VERNON, E. C, 38, S. F. of C,
meets every second and lust Friday in
each month. Chas. Chuney, Sec, Box
U'7 Vernon, H. c.	
LOCAL   LADYSMITH  NO.   10,   8.  P.  oi
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters cm First Ave.
J.   H.   Burrough,   Box   31,   Ladysmith,
LOCAI, PRINCE RUPERT, B. C, No. 53,
B. P. el' 0.!—Meets every Sun.lay iii
hull in Empress Theater Block ut 2:00
p. in.    1.. 11. Oorliam, Secretary.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, NO. IS, S. F. OF
,.'., meets every Supday in Graham's
Hull at 10:30 a. 111.    Socialist speakers
are invited to call.   V. Frodsbam, Sec-
retary.
in all departments of human activity,
and   thought.    The   particular   reflex
of this slave si 1 lety of ours which has
particularly struck us just now is that
which is so apparenl lu the "ethical,1'
"moral"   and   -'religious"   beliefs  ami
Institutions of the day.
j    Each and every age and class has
for lliose who appro' .    , ., ..    ,       , .,        , ,
had its own particular philosophy and
cern, a branch dlstanl perhaps and apparently apart, wherein the larger
concern's products ire finished for the
market. And thus, in one way and another, the apparent employers of the
workers be actually no more than overmen ami agent
priate the profits.
:■*<■  tortuous  arid   Intricate  are  the i
ramifications nt the wage system that
an almosl absolutely safe rule for guidance in i!s study Is always in regard '
the ottvlously apparenl with suspicion,
lor neftrly eve   tl Ing is the very reverse of what at flrst plan-     :i    .    1
to be and what li Is usually accepted
as being.   And II Is    enerally 'un
to seek- to apply the underlying economic laws of '1 -   rstem to its   upei li-
ciai phenomena.
For Instance, tn taki II thai cominod-
it i - ls exi iii'i"    - ■ '    age ;■• their
value iipii to a -ii!: e tli  n from thai all
commodity  sellers   receive  the  value'
of (lie commodities ihey appear iii sell
will lead one a moi 17 dam e. Por ni my ,
of these, appearing to sell other com-!
soon be put into practise. Dr. Soothill: note until Wednesday afternoon, when
tells us that moral as well as Intellectual advancement is noticeablo as
the result of the enlightenment shed
abroad by American teaching. ICven
opium has been driven out In the
province where his university is situated.    Thus we read:
"A new scheme is already formulated, aud will some day be promulgated,
a   scheme   of   compulsory   education.
morality—from which ,the educated The proposal is a huge one, and at lirsl
observer, without any great acpuain- sighlj seems ridiculously premature;
lance with the facts could have ac- but the Chinese usually see further
curately and correctly diagnosed the'into tbeir national possibilities than
economic position of ihe said class do European residents, whose tenant! age. What are moral standards dency is to sit in the seat of the scorn-
anyhow? Shorn of thi flower; phrase- ful. Take, for instance, tho opium
ology and 1 13 : : eh the;   question.    Not even the most hopeful
are covered  up   the:   . del   missionary,   however  much   he  may
Ions   of  certain ' nt ilbuti       aiid have prayed for and longed to Bee it.
characteristics,    Probably al  no time had faith to believe that the Chine e
. iii ■ greai bulh ol the p ul lie
so thoroughly enslaved or so hugely
1 xploited as al the pre > nt, The dlf-
etween owners 1 nd nqp
ov nei s has 1,ever been 1 a great.
Never before has tho division of Lhe
producl boon so one sided,
would t'lse as ihey hava done agalnsl
lie- drug which was besotting them as
a nation. Yet in tills province of
Shansi, in cue year, opium cultivation
has miraculously ceased. One man. II.
E, Ting, himself an ex-opium smok-j.
lias so planned and worked that when
bis  Britannio  Majesty's  Minister,  Sir
As a natural consequence we would
expeci in flnd, at the present line, the John Jordan, recently sent a special
„i'i s, are actually engaged In mar-|m0Bt („„1|lM(, delnca|     ,„• ■ slave envoy to make a   month's   journey
;'■' in.-  that tho history of the world through   this   erstwhile   opium-ridden
has  ever  seen.    Nor  will   we  be  dig- region   in  search  of opium,  he  could
testing their labor-power under more
or less of a disguise. Thus it would
appear that tho chain workers of England, who work at home at their forges,
are making chains and selling them,
while in truth ihey are only making
chains at SO much per pound and are
bo other than wage slaves-on piece
worl-.. Moreover, they are not even
makinK chains; tbey are merely put-
tine iron a part way through lhe process of being made into chains, And
then, who exploits them? Immediately
ue can see the horde Of leeches upon
them—the owners of the hovels and
hearths, Ihe lords Of the land upon
which these stand, the brokers In Iron
appointed therein. The morality and
philosophy of this afje does indeed
give   to  the  observer  the   greatest,
not find a plant anywhere.
"So  lnregard  to    compulsory    education, the scornful may laugh, as they
fullest and most, complete endorsatlpn are ever ready to do at the day of smal
HEW   WESTMrTTSTEK   If.HD
DISTRICT.
DlBtrict of New Westminster.
TAKE notice thai Da/Hd Stewarl Ryan
of Vancouver,  ipalion miner, intends
to apply for permission to lease the following described land:
Commencing ul a pnnl planted near
im vnnamed island about rwo miles from
the south end of T n tda I iland on the
east side, thence west 10 chains, thence
south CO chains, thence east 10 chains
more or less 1,, the foreshore, thenco in
n northwesterly direotiop In point of
co-mm-ti'T'in, nt, containing 240 acres
more or less.
DAVID STEWART ItVAN.
Dated November 2ml, mi0.
of these things that has over appeared
in the history of the world. The
constantly recurring note throughout
it all is that of obedience and siib-
mlssloii—ln common language the
principle of the projection of the
nether regions to receive the swill
kick and the humble ntirt thankful
acceptance of the same when you pet
it. The idea of putting up a fight,
even in self defense, Is regarded as
"wrong" or "Immoral." On the whole
we are Inclined to think that, in
after years, when economic slavery
shall, haply, have passed away and
with it all ils undesirable and malo-
tblngs, as they did loudly at Japan
not twenty years ago; but the Chinese
know that education has hitherto been
debarred from the poor chiefly through
the impossibility of raising the very
meager sum required for the half-
starved teacher's fee, to say nothing of
the cost of the books required, absurdly cheap tho these were. Hy making
education compulsory, the local boards
of education will be compelled to look
around for means of providing it free."
These means are fortunately at
hand. As Henry VIII. obtained funds
for his own purposes "by spoiling
the  monks"   so   the  Chinese  Govern-
dorous   effects,   the   critical   observer ment is doing, as Dr. Soothill tells 11
looking back at this age will regard
il. among other things, ns that which
produced a morality and philosophy
which stands absolutely unrivalled as
the mlorsation, propagation and deification of a slnve philosophy of wall
whine and whimper.
in  tho  following  passage:
"There are temple lauds and temple
funds which, for ages past have been
wasted on an Idle set of parasite-
breeding parasites, and on a round of
useless superstitions. That the Chinese are already daring to lay bold hands
we got. fourteen in a smoker and bud
a nice meeting. Comrade Farmilo doing the bulk oi' the tnlking—-your
worthy servant passing papers. On
Thursday we held'another meeting In
same ear: on Friday still another; on
Saturday afternoon we a: rived at
Winnipeg. Comrade Farmilo left me
al Btation to hunt up the Comrades
(here and I have not found any comrades since. 1 am sorry to say, When
1 arrived at Estevan, 1 tried to locate
some, but when I wouid start to talk
on the subject thai Is uppermost in my
mind, they did   nol    know   anything
', ul  It.
All the worl ers nut her 1 are -li latls-
lied with their lot but do nol know
Hie remedy, When 1 told t! em the remedy wn lociall m 1 nd • ■■ pi lined Its
workings, ti'--1' said II « mid be il Igl I
1,ni 11 would be a long time b ifore 1
would get It. 1 told them thai It they
wanted II they must do as 1 am doing
(spread the news), 1 have been dropping a fi w words .-very time 1 gel s
chance, but my chances are nol very
plentiful as this is a farpiing district
and I do nol see many to talk to. They
are all dissatisfied, bul Ihey thinl;
their remedy is in free trade and Government-owned elevators. I tell them
government, ownership will not help
them until we own the Government
and run it on a Socialist basis and
that they are wasting their lime fighting for one slice when they could get
the whole cheese for the same effort.
I had a little encouragement last
week in getting two subs, for the Clarion, which you will find enclosed along
with the necessary cost, hoping the
seed I have sown will grow a bountiful crop for the Day of Revolution.
Say, Mack, I thought we had slaves
in Brantford, but it is not, in it with
the west. Hero it. is like the clnws of
a cat, it is covered up until they want
to use It. The crops are very poor
here: 5 bushels of wheat to the acre
and 1 bushel of flax and the oats were
not worth cutting. Wheat selling at
from VO to 80 cents per bushel, and
Ihe farmers' hours of labor are from 5
a.m. till 10 p.m. If that is not slavery,
let me know what it is, us I have no
other name for it.
Yours in the fight to the finish,
J. W. F.
I.OCAL MARA, B
a, no.
34,
S. P
of C.
Mei
s first Sun
lay   in  (
ver
v mo
Illl    il
Soci
tllst  Hall,
Mara 2
:ni
Cyril
man,   Reco
ding  S
ere
t.-n-y.
LOCilI. TCOYIE, B. C,  NO.   30.—MEETS
second  Sunday  7:"u imh.  In MoClfepor
Hull   Ullners'   Hull).   Thos.   i; irts,
Secretary,
LOCAL EDMONTON, ALTA.,  NO.  1,  S.
P. of C. Hearquarters 622 First St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Heading Bourn is open to the public free, from lo a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Bissett, 322 Fourth
St., Orgunizer.
LOOAL LETHBRIDGE,, ALTA., NO. 13,
B. P. of C.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sunday in the month, at 4 p.m. ln
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas.
Peacock, Box 19S3.
LOCAL BEQINA NO. 6, SASKATCHEWAN.—Meets every Sunday, 3 p.m..
Trades Hall, Scarth St. Secretary,
Alex. Wutchmun. General Delivery.
Socialist speakers will be greatly appreciated.
LOCAL WINNIPEG), 8. P. of C, HEAD-
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite lioblln Hotel. Business meeting every Momluy evening at
3t> iu. Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.
Secretury, .1. W. Hilling, 270 Young
Street.
LOCAL TORONTO, ONT., NO. 34, S. P.
OP C. Business meetings 2nd and
-4tli Wednesdays In tho month, at
thu Labor Temple, Church St. Outdoor propaganda meetings, Saturday,
S ii.m., City Hull: Sunduv ufternoon,
3 p.m., nt University and Queen St;
Sunday night. X p.m., at Shuter and
Yonge St. Speakera' Class every
Thursday, S p.m., at Headquarters,
79 Church St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOCAL BRANTFOHD NO. 16, S. P. OP
C.—.Metis every Tliursduy at S p.m.
ut 252 Dalhousle SI., for party business und economic class, Wnge-work-
era Invited. A.-W. linker. Secretary,
. 0 George St. w, Davenport, Hi Nel-
aou si., Organizer. N.B.—.Vo "leaders" wunted.
LOCAL UHIAWA, NO. 8, S. P. of O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday in
month, und propaganda meetings following Sundays at S p.m. in Robert*
Alliin Hull, IS Kldeuu St. John Lynns,
t-epretnry, -,i Centre St.
LOCAL GZ.0.CT. BAY NO.  1, OP N. S.—
Business     and   Propaganda     i ting
every Thursday al 8 p.m. in Macdon-
nld's hall, Union Street All are welcome, Alfred N'ash, Corresponding Se*
< retury, Gla, e Day; Wm. Sutherland,
OrgnhliicY, \, w Aberdeen; li. u. Ituss,
Financial Seen tarj. offlce In U. N.
'r die Printing Co. building, Union
Street,
To Canadian   Socialists
un account ef increased postal
rates we are obliged tn make the
subscription prl f the International Socialist Review In Camilla
s: 20 e j ■ or Instead of (1.00, Vvo
can. however, make the following
special   offers:
For $8.00  we will    mpll    tbr™
' '  '■ -   Hevli w ti     ue
,,,,i'. " Id for one ) eur.
-    r   , ■ ■     ive   . Ill   mall   ten
copi   1 of nni   one Issue,
1 er $8.0.0 we I the Hi
view   - no   yi ar     nd   the   1 'hi .  ri
Dally :',,,-i.iii  1   n,i     1     year.
0HABLX8/R, XEBH a eo-vri'ANz
/.'■ .1.1 ihlcagb
chasx.es/b, ke«
mi   WeJ   kn-zii
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Exi putlve
Committee
"Slave nf The Farm," or
"Proletarian In Politics," Lo local   lub-
Bcril in" tu the publishing fund, $1.00
per 100, to others 25c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Trolil," to subribers
to publishing fund $2 por 10(l, to others
80c per doz.
"Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"   to  subscribers   to   publishing
fund $6 per 100, to others T^e per doz.
GREAT   BOOKS  BY
GREAT MEN
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel ."....   25c
The Rights of Man, Paine...   25c
The Storj of Creation, Clodd 25c
Life of Jesus, Konan    25c
Age of R aso .   '1 ii -■     25c
Merrie England     20c
[ngersoll*   I e    iresi 1st, 2nd
and 8rd 91 rl      each 25c
' Postage prepai I on books
The. People's Bock Sfonc
152 Cordova St. W.
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES
(To Locals.)
Charter     (with     necessary    supplies to  start  Local)., $5.00
Membership   Cards,   each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and    application    blank
per  1.00    25
Ditto In  Finnish, por 100 50
Ditto in Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions,  each    20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen         50
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust  Bldg.
pVcete, THE CAFETERIA
305   Cambie   Street
The best of everything properly
cooked.
Chas. Molcahcy, Prop.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 PENDER
$-$®-$-$-^-$-$-&$#*tl SATURDAY,   NOVEMBER 26,  1910
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Tim*
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
TV'* Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box   1688, Vancouver, B. C.
TECHNICAL  EDUCATION.
ALBERTA EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
Regular meeting held Nov. 20th,
11910.
Present: Comradea Howell, Klahr
1 (chairman), Mac Lean and Danby.
Minutes of previous meeting read
land adopted.
Communications   dealt   with   from
(Locals Edmonton, Meeting Creek, Red
Deer, Coleman (Finnish),   and   Lethbridge, Organizers  O'Brien and Gribble  and  Dominion   Executive    Committee.
The financial report was as follows:
Receipts.
|l.ocal   Edmonton,    stamps   and
buttons    $ 8.25
iLocal Meeting Creek, stamps....   3.00
K.ocal Coleman, stamps    5.00
|,ocal Lethbridge, stamps     3.00
seal Bellevue, stamps and cards   5.25
K-ocal Ersklne, stamps     1.00
Total    »25,50
Expenditures.
festern Clarion (Card) $ 3.00
im. Ex. Committee, on acct.... 25.00
Total    $28.00
I FRANK DANBY,
Secretary.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
On Sunday, Nov. 10, Organizer Des-
knond gave a lecture In the Crystal
(Theatre to an exceptionally large audience and was listened to with marked
SMention. After nearly two hour's
ipeaklng, the crowd seemed reluctant
to go.
It seems wben the working class gets
a taste of Socialist philosophy, it can
never get enough. Comrade Desmond
gave a review of the evolution of the
human race from savagery through
barbarism to civilization, comparing
the different systems, and showing
the worker conclusively that he receives less of the wealth he produces
I than In any system of the past. All
questions were satisfactorily answered.
Comrade Lefeaux will speak In the
Crystal Theatre next Sunday, Nov. 27.
Our headquarters are at C'!0 Columbia
street, Room ?,. Visiting Comrades
•will be made welcome.
Yours  for   the   revolution,
H. A. GILCHRIST,
Organizer.
STILL ON  THE  CORNER.
11 Dear Comrade:—Just a line to let
you know that we still have our head*;
above water in Brandon, Up to the
present wo have been able to hold
, regular outdoor meeting**," Soon, how-
ver, they will be somewhat Irregular.
Some of our  Eastern  friends  thai
Italic  aboul     the    frozen    Northwest
should take notice that, its November
and  we are  still holding    it    down.
^This cannot be such a cold country,
kl started "spelling" on the street In
jMaroh of this year nnd have held  it
_ down fairly regulai ever since.   1 have
"talked  on  the  street    in    Manitoba
every month In the year except Jami-
' ary and February, and 1 am.young y '
j.I expect to hold'It down in both of
tbem before I quit it,
We are holding tegular Indoor pro-
1 paganda in etlni    and >ve are 1
on:   Borne  *    ■:     .    titers,    Lasl   Sunday Comrade Butler ii ild ii down on
the   Evolution   ol   .Man.  and   mi •
good  bih 11,    Hi   fairly    I rou [hi    I hi
bouse <'-"■,   * i'- n   ■     aid:    "Revolu
tloharj   Id lall - , are ve ti bn I ■■■-. bul
Immediate demand irs are Invert! I ral
es; ihey have no backbone."
We have a good lending library now.
almost 200 volumes, Here the student
v,„. study Soclalli in ami Science In
its many phases. Here he can I
thai great trinity Darwin, Spencer,
Marx, and If he does not make go '1
m lie will know where lo put the blame,
Our Library Committee also handlos
the literature lor sale, and we have
got off a Rood chunk of it thla year,
About 2,000 pamphlets have been sold.
We carry in stock all standard pamphlets, all published by the S. P, of
C, all published by the S. P, of G. TI.,
most of the S. h. P. Stuff nnd the
best of Kerrs. We bave a speakers'
elaRK every Wednesday, and we hope
to drill enough so that wc can hold it
down around Western Manitoba good
next spring. We have an economic
class every week, and the boys are
getting their grounding ln economics
right here. We have singing classes
now so we will all be a bunch ot
canaries soon. There is one thing we
lack; that^ls, she comrades. Our
members are all of the male variety
and a proletarian bunch at that. Recently we fired out a couple of opportunists of the Winnipeg variety.
(Take notice "unpatriotic Irishman"
where the halfbaked Socialists come
from.) We have a regular joke at
our business meeting. Under the
heading Good of the Movement, someone jumps up and moves that we
form a resolution asking the Government to do away with capitalism
and establish Socialism. Revolutionary Socialists?   You bet not.
ED.  FULCHER.
GRIBBLE'S REPORT.
OVER 65 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Anvor
quioRly i
Inviir.tlon is pro
»  Th»de WinRiis
Designs
Cot'vniai-iTa &c.
li-li nnd ddnnrliitlmi n-.„v
 plulnii frt'O ivlmllior ■
lilviinl'lon Is |ir,,!m! IJ- patolltatiiq,   Commuillen.
tlonsstrloM->confldoni.lnJt. HANDBOOK on Patents
sent hot), miliar, naenc? forsocllntlftpoteilts.
I'nlint- tnUen tlirotiR-ll Muun Sc 'Jo. reiiulva
special notice, without cbiirRO, In tho
ATanV.o^y^lln-lr-.tMw'l.l--.    I*W« f*
ssS && -s;'';ii'S^' a »
Mau !!!Too.*6,Broa,,wav Hew fort
>-    „, '     "-"no,   ciip ■'  **r *i-sn"--x   if      i    i
Since my last report I have held a
number of meetings In Michel (which
has the liveliest bunch of Comrades I
have met in the Rockies on this trip),
and at Coleman, Hillcrest and Bellevue, two each at the latter places. Hillcrest put up good crowds each time but
those at Coleman and Bellevue were
woefully small. Organization is in
very • bad shape at present In these
parts, but things are beginning to stir
and I hope to be able to make a good
report of the movement here later, but
to be perfectly frank,' very few comrades are at all active, and beyond
those few among whom may be mentioned Comrades Jones and Paterson
of Hillcrest, H. and C. Stubbs and J.
Oliphant of Bellevue, T. Steele, Hislop
(a new member), Boyle, and Graham
of Coleman and a very few others, It
seems impossible to wake the others
up. Whatever the explanation, there is
the fact. It may be that the inactive
comrades have overdone things in the
past and a reaction has set in.
I frankly own, that for the flrst time
since I have been In the movement, I
got a severe attack of the hump, and
happening to get my chest and throat
on the hog about the same time, threw
up the sponge for a few days and mimed—myself, and cursed—tbe delinquents.
This report may seem strange in
view of the fact that a Socialist is JI.
P. P. tor this riding, whicli fact is, of
course, very annoying to the master
class, who will be thoroughly prepared
whenever the next election comes, and
fully determined to re-capture the seat.
The question is—will the Socialists in
this riding be organized to retain it.
for it is absolutely certain they are not.
now. The hirelings of the master class
are employing their old methods assiduously. Unable to unset, the logic of
Socialism, unable to flnd ;i man to face
O'Brien  in  public  with the slightest
I e nt' success, they nre playing the
dirty game of attacking him personally.
Everywhere 1 go 1 hear what a bad
man O'Brien is, I hear lies nboul hire
made out of whole cloth. I hear words
put into his mouth which 1 know he
never said.
li io itli   . olii ■ liars, have    ntei ed
In i \ •■. • ion with me   and   said
how    meli they admire Ihe i
of Socialism, "bul oh!  thai  - I'Srlon**
-  I     i, of the   plUg-ugly   type,   have
kly al ii ted Social! ni, O'Brien    nd
myself,   Those are m n ly raj [. o ■■
i ■  of  lhe sul   irrai oi    nlza-
- i of the   i ni-ii'v.   which,   kuo
iln-iu as we do. knowing the fund i ihe*
posse     fn in which   o paj their dii ty
slaves to -1" their dirty work, we may
conclude is very comi let?.
Expressing my disguosl al nol even
those who call themselves Socialists
attending meetings, l have been told,
"You just, wall for an election and see
the crowds," but that Is too late; Fertile is the proof of this, though there is
no parallel to be drawn between here
and Fernie. for ln Fernie Riding Ihe
Comrades have been active in every
respect but that of fully seeing to getting our men on the voters' list. If the
comrades of this riding don't wake up,
after next election (lay they will be repining in much the same manner as
the Fernle Comrades did a short time
ago and with yery much more reason
for self reproach. Most of the work
I have done has been personal in character, in which I have been greatly
helped by Comrade Steele, who is the
most active and energetic comrade I
have met In this part of the Pass, ln
spite of tho fact that he has had both
hands blown off at the wrists, one eye
blown out nnd the olher rendered
nearly sightless by a mine explosion, i
nm endeavoring to arrange for propaganda trips one way as far as Edmonton and the other way as Tar as Nelson,
in the meantime continuing to work
this part and after making tiips returning hero for further work. Very
little success in Clarion subs, as you
will see by enclosed list.
WILFRER GRIBBLE.
Seeing that Local New Westminster take exception to Local Toronto's
resolution on technical education, and
also contend that the resolution contained false doctrines; as an individual I submit my opinions on the
matter. The resolution in brief, states
that technical education would be a
means of increasing exploitation, and
the benefits accruing from lt would be
reaped by the capitalists. I maintain
that is correct. It wlll be admitted (it
lt ls not then I shall Insist) that the
value of a commodity Is determined by
the amount of labor which Society will
necessarily have to expend for its reproduction. This applies to all commodities, Including that peculiar commodity upon which the whole capitalist system Is based, and rests—labor-
power. The amount or proportion of
surplus value (unpaid labor) depends
not only on the length of the working
day, but also on the productivity of the'
worker.
Labor-power being a commodity, its
price or value Is determined, not by
what it produces, hut by what lt costs
to produce that labor-power. Therefore any means used to Increase the
productivity of labor-power has to do
solely with the owners of that labor-
power at the time of production, name,
ly the capitalist class, who receives tho
benefits of increased production. The
benefits will accrue to the capitalists
so New Westminster assert that we
should assist them in exploiting us,
we should assist them in making our
condition of existence more precarious.
To quote Marx: "We saw in part IV..
when analyzing the production of relative surplus value: within the capitalist system all methods for raising the
social productiveness of labor are
brought about at the cost of the individual laborer; all means for the development of production transform
themselves Into means of domination
over, and exploitation of, the producers; they mutilate the laborer into a
fragment of a man, degrade him to
the level of an appendage to a machine, destroy every remnant of charm
in his work and turn it into hated toil;
they estrange from him the intellectual potentialities of the labor process
n the same proportion as science is incorporated in it as an independent
power; they distort the conditions un-
ler which he works, subject him during the labor-process to a despotism
(he more hateful for its meanness;
they transform his life time into work-
ng time, and drag his wife and child
beneath the wheels of the Juggernaut
of Capital . .* . Accumulation of
wealth at one pole is, therefore, at the
same time, accumulation of misery,
agony of toil, slavery, ignorance, bru-
ality. mental degradation, at the opposite pole, that is, on the side of the
ilass that pioduce? its own product
n the form of capital."
ire thtn we see, tha/. according to
Xew Westminster, wo as Socialists
should aid the capitalists lo bring
about the accumulation of misery,
agony, slavery, etc., because "the hope
Of the working elass lies In the speedy
development of capitalism." Very
good, then we will take another view
of the matter. Is net this jingoism
known as Imperialism one of the great-
si factors in bringing about the
i, y development of capitalism. Is
it not a means of opening up new markets and developing capitalism In other
countries. Then we must come to the I
a! -ii. 11 conclusion that foreign markets
are beneficial to the workers, because
of the speedy development, etc,
we. i nisi take up the position of i
I,     .  P.  :-i   England and support
To enlighten our fellow slaves ts
our mission, to do this we must keep
up an unrelenting and bitter hostility
to the master class on every occasion.
We must expose the fallacy of every
reform they make, we must clearly
show that the reforms are instituted
for the benefit of the rulers, to patch
up their fast falling system. By supporting or assisting in any way we
are aiding them; befogging the issue
and acting as misleaders of the working class.
Then as to the reaction. Does New
Westminster know of such a thing
as party discipline? Shall our "leaders" tell us what they are going to
do, shall they tell us what to do, or
shall the majority tell the "leader"
what he has got to do If'he wishes to
remain a member of the party? The
capitalists to-day are the ruling class.
So long as they rule all the powers
of the State will be used to protect
and defend their property rights In
the means of wealth production and
their control of the products of labor.
If that is true lt ls foolish for us to
butt ln. This matter ls none of our
business to Interfere and assist, that
ls their business alone. It ls up to
us to show the rottenness existing
within the system, to do all ln our
power to prevent the workers from
getting such an apathetic belief in the
possibilities of capitalism that it Ib
left to fall of Its own rottenness, and
society is thrown into fatal chaos.
So in conclusion I maintain that our
business Is to expose reform of any
kind, to do all we can in spreading
the light, to leave technical education
etc., to those who will benefit by lt,
in fact to let the capitalists and their
reforms go to hell. While they control the political power we can't stop
them If they want to go.
,1. Stewart.
Toronto, Ont.
VANCOUVER ECONOMIC CLASS.
Presented In this Issue is the flrst
instalment of the flrst chapter of
"Capital," Vol. 1  (Karl Mar**).
We anticipated the publication of
notes on "Value, Price and Profit,"
but, reconsidering the matter later,
we thought they might better be left
until the class commenced the study
of "Capital," in hopes that thereby
the notes of class discussions might
be more Interesting to classes elsewhere, as the knowledge gleaned from
studying "Value. Price and Profit,"
may be applied in the study of
"Capital."
Next week we shall have a further
instalment of "Capital," with notes
of discussion in the class on that part
appearing here. We hope to be able to
continue in this way throughout the
session, and to have each week In
these columns a part of "Capital"
together with notes on that of the
preceding  week.
We ask for the co-operation of
classes elsewhere, believing that the
results of our combined efforts may
be helpful mutually.
For the Press Committee,
EWEN MacLEOD.
(Next meeting of the elass on Sunday, Nov., 27th, 2:30 p.m., in the
O'Brien Hall (top floor). All interested  in the study of Political Economy
are invited to attend).
•    ■■•«    *
CAPITAL.
By Karl Marx.
the magnet possesses of attracting
iron, became of use only after by
means of that property the polarity
of the magnet had been discovered).
So also ls the establishment of
socially recognized standards of measure for the quantities of these useful
objects. The diversity of these measures has Its origin partly in the diverse
nature of the objects to be measured,
partly ln connection. The utility of
a thing makes it a use-value. "The
natural worth of anything consists in
Its fitness to supply the necessities,
or serve the conveniences of human
life." (John Locke, "Some considerations on the consequences of the lowering of Interest, 1691," in Works Edit.,
London, 1777, Vol. 2, p. 28). In English writers of the 17th century we
frequently flnd "worth" ln the sense
of value in use, and "value" in the
sense of exchange value. This Is quite
ln accordance with the spirit of a
language that likes to use a Teutonic
word for the actual thing, and a
Romance word for its reflection).
But this utility is not a thing of
[-air. Being limited by the physical properties of the commodity It has no
existence apart from that commodity.
A commodity such as iron, corn, or a
diamond, ls therefore, so far as lt ls a
material thing, a use value, something
useful. This property of a commodity
ls independent of the amount of labor
required to appropriate Its useful
qualities. When treating of use-value,
we always assume to be dealing with
definite quantities, such as dozens of
watches, yards of linen, or tonB of
iron. The use-values of commodities
furnish the material for a special
study, that of the commercial knowledge of commodities. (In bourgeois
societies the economical Actio juris
prevails, that every one as a buyer,
possesses an encyclopaedic knowledge
of commodities).
Use-values became a reality only
by use or consumption; they also constitute the substance of all wealth,
whatever may be the social form of
that wealth.
In the form of society we are about
to consider, they are, in addition, the
material depositories of exchange
value.
tXere and 9fow
By 8pes.
Book 1.   Capitalist Production.
Pari I,   Commodities and Money.
Chapter I.   Commodities,
Section 1. The two factors of a
Commodity: r- e > Im a id Value
(The   Bubstance   ot   value   and   the
.-;,'.    ,       hi - i oi hing ,,i do with
''    '■'            !       like Llcyd Geori ■ '- magnitude of value).
I :ie t, bi cause ii alms to aboil h un Tho  weallh  of  those ,e icletlea   In
enl    and    bj    givini -.- iiu-ii  the capital'! I  mode of , ro hie
  •■■   .-   *ails,4pr< ■ nti   Itsel   as "an
tbe si       - il   ■ im iiidi.   ri.. wc ;.,,„,, nBe accumulation   of     ommodl-
loin "      I    id let our i . -.-■    (Karl  Morx.    "A  contribution
"tenth ra be imp rlnlial . ai I gel llki ,„ th(, critique of Political Economy,"
ey   Vii Donald,    support     Di   id ,--.,   > ,,„;,/„, u,  ,-,,   ;,    lini,  being a
  ■"■'■ '<" ""-' l-nglis'i porlittn ■ i ,,,,,.  ,., minodity,     '   ■
at the  Interrfatlonal  "Soclalisl ', C >n ■„  ,,,„ ;il,,   p)acei  ;,„  „,,;,,,   .,
■      s  vine  tor  disarmament   becai Be .     a   lhlng   ,,,.„   ,,v   [ta   ,„, ,..,,
,[l" workers In il Ifferenl countries sallgnea bumai] wanta o( BOmo Bor, ,„-
'. i o quarrel with each other. another
Local   Westminster     seem   to   In- The natUre of such wants, whether,
terpret the materialist conception Into for  il!Sl.in,.,.i  ,ll(.v  Bprlng  ,-,,„„   n„,
an   automatic  conception  of  history. Ltomach   fll.  -rom   rancV|  ,„.lkc(,.   „„
Without   uny   metaphysical   leaning di-ference,   ("Desire implies want, it
whatever, we must,    adinil     that    the ,g   ,„.,   appetlte  ,„-   „,„  mlnd)   .,,„,   aB
ideas prevailing In any given society natura,  aB hunger to  the body.    Tin-
have a powerful Influence over that so-|gi.eategt  numhel.    (ol-    Ulings)   nave
clety, The ideas of our present society will be in harmony with those of
the ruling elass, it doesn't matter
whether Ihey are moral, religious or
political; and they influence the actions of men today. The power of
the capitalist class is due not only to
its control of our moans of life, but
also to its persuasive power, In other
words their domination is due to the
Ignorance and ibnservatism of the
workers.
SNAP SAT,E OF COAST ACREAGE.
SBOO  down   nnd  balance  $?00
——————^—Jour   cent.,   s.-i-uii-i
acres nf land at Gitmen's Land-
with   interest
twenty ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
in;:, il,,w,- Sound, within easy distance
of Vancouver. This land i* opposite the
postofheu at Gibson's Landing, and tbe
property adjoining has been sold In 50-ft.
I,.- al (200 and $300 a lot. I: is un-
oli i, I , ■ ; -[• stumps. Owner forced to
sell at a sacrifice. Gibson's Landing Is
a famous summer resort and shooting
ground; alao an ideal pjaoe fin- small
farming.
For particulars address
L. T. I-:.. Western Clarion,
Uox 16S8, Vancouver.
their value from supplying the wants
of the mind." Nicholas llarhon: "A
Discourse on coining the new money
lighter, in answer to Mr. Locke's considerations," etc. London, I COG, p.
2-3).
Neither are we here concerned tn
know how the object satisfies thesi.
wants, whether dlreptly as means ol
subsistence, or indirectly as means ol
production.
Evi ry useful tliiii,t-, as iron, paper,
etc., may be looked at from the two
points of view of quality and quantity.
It is an assemblage of many properties
and may therefore be of use In
various way.-.
To discover the various U8eS of
things is the work of history. "Things
have an intrinsic virtue" (this is Bar-
den's special term for value In use)
"which in all places have the same
virtue; as the loadstone to attract
iron" (1. c, p. 6). Tho properly which
FROM   LEIPSIZ.
Editor,
I.	
Foreign preponderance ln Argentine*
Republic shows there is no Monroe
Doctrine for European capital.—Wall
street journal.
Nor any other kind of doctrine except: "The workingman who works
the hardest and eats the least makes
the easiest mark and the biggest profit."
•   •   •
We are Inclined to measure human
progress by comparing the events ot
centuries ago with those ot the present, whereaB the fifteen-year-old child
today can recall great changes that
have taken place in his own experience. It Is comparatively a very
short time since the automobile crept
Into the advertising pages of the magazines; now It has grown to such importance as "to produce a taxlcab
strike of quite respectable proportions.
Then, there's the aeroplane. Three
or four years ago, It could scarcely
leave the ground. Today, the altitude
record is 9,714 feet, the death list already large, schools of aviation are
starting up and aeroplane manufacture
comfortably started. How long before we will be regaled with something
like this:
Aviators strike for higher pay and
shorter flights.
Police called in to repel rieters over
Singer building.
Statue of Liberty knocked off by incompetent aeronaut.
Clash between strikers and scabs
northeast of Ursa Major results ln
number of casualties among spectators—below.
Roofs of police stations have been
put on hinges to accommodate the
arrests.
Both sides confident, although there
is said to be considerable falling of
hopes.
•   •   »
The question was recently asked:
What would happen if the working-
men were all to die off?" Tne capitalists would probably all die ln an
attempt to make each other work, and
the monkeys would then have another
chance.
Dear Comrade:—
I would like to commend your article of Oct. 1st on "Socialism and Religion." It is neither biased or neutral.
With the teaching of economics, religion need only be attacked and mutilated wben it is made marketable value
such as we have In the Salvation army,
etc. True, with economic understanding the various sects will of necessity
fall to the ground. These bring their
own ruin like Capital and its effects.
It seems to me that the study and
knowledge of economies is another result towards and equipment of a class
immediately interested who must Institute a better condition for the whole
of humanity. ^^^
Mysticism, genius like Intuition and j The follow!
art, belong absolutely to the Individ- to the geBert
ual,   For our instruction bb to the facts j A.  Stuart. "Moosejaw, Sas:
The workingman Is the only animal
that is content in poverty when all
that is necessary to obtain wealth is
the taking thereof.
•   *   *
A Socialist speaker in Owen Sound,
Ont., was suppressed by the police.
The Weekly Porous Plaster, or some
such versatile sheet, said he should
have been clubbed. Perhaps he
should. Wasn't he telling slaves they
were a lot of dough-heads for not
dumping their masters into the maelstrom of work? And isn't, that High
Treason'.' Besides, he rudely disturbed tne holy calm which hangs over all
.churchyards and Ontario towns.
The  following  workers   have  added
belong absolutely to the imllvid-;to  the general discontent this week:
of life we need neither expediency nor
repulsion. It is a matter tor wonder
and congratulation that our "Western
Clarion" lias so far Bteered clear of all
the red herrings and secondary Issues
that have loomed across ils path. Let
Its clear cut policy go on. It baa a
tremendous task but the goal is in
sight.
W. MILLS:
l.i lpzig,.s*3ei many.
ONE  WAY  OUT.
Alia.
.   i
In New York, a Blfoii tii
young j:irl attempted suicldi
the following letter to her ui ither.
"Nevei i •• oach ) om sell I -
whal I am aboul lo ,i T
of fate iias proven too lions
me to copi «iih. and II has driven mc agalnsl th ■ wall, and being
defeni eless I rosoi I to ill11 i oward-
ll act. Then, too, l ha! thi li
sincerity, Bordldni ss and dlalllu-
llonmeni ot life, Thai la all l mel
with fai i in face In the last two
years, and now I seek the un-
kin)-,-, n. I can hear you . ay, dear, [I
is very wrong for one to take one's
own life, whatever the motive
be' and I reply that it is really deplorable that a girl (annul gel
along honorably In Now York, In
some things I mlghi have succeeded had I com i ded to the wishes of
men. Cultured'.' Yes, usually
moneyed? Yes. but never moral,
l could never submit to such
things. Heath is preferable, II!-
fortune has followed mo since my
father's death."
This letter    certainly    shows    the
hea,uy uf the aystem.   Would < •■ •'■
troy It? Yes, and its cause, profit, I'm
ever.
G.  Howell, C'algtM
A. Taylor, Toronto  .1
.1. Watson, Toronto  '•'•
\\". Oribble, en route  :i
O.  Waples, Steelton, Ont  2
(.'has. Chain"-, Vernon, B. <  2
ll.   Collingwood,   North   aBttleford,
Sask  2
Maintenance Fund.
B. I.. J., Vancouver |1,00
Singles.
P. li. Ball, Edmonti       '. i     s   Victoria, B. C.i  W. ! Imonton;
. igi e Browi           lard    Uta.i
V. Shilland. Si                       B   O, ["lob-
h   on, Toi onto     - North
ford,   I            The   Ui   atrlotle
■ ■        I1, , I'M       I-
ton, i
Landing, B. i .              n, Vic-
in- la,  B. C     I. I li            i •'■    ■
Prattle. H   C;   r BI                 Mon;
Pred, Hoover, M. Huadon, I . T. Eng-
p. Pi mil, W   ft.
Squii a . 3, c.  in ■■.' ■         i.   Baum,
< ouver.
THE  RIGHT TO  LIVE.
ATEMT^S
I mtlm,,''*mmmaWemm^m\lMKMsmKir.'t   ,m
[JrlROMPTLYjECURIFl
we aoUcl   the busini '     tfiictureri
BngiDi eru and other* who rcflllze the ftdvtaabil
Uy ',! hnvlag thelf r ttent l", Incss Uunsacted
byBxpetU.   Preliminaryad*dcefree.   I
modulate.   Our Invcntor'o AdvUcr neat upon
request. Marion & Marlon, New Yoik i.ifeliMi*-
Uunlrcal I    iKl*.Va-'iiin,-tot;. Jj.C, U.S..A-
Rocently, acordlng to the Winnipeg
"Fn ■■ Pi i b," a Labor Li ader by I he
name of Wlggs,'whether of Cabbage
Patch fame 1 know not, delivered n
"spell" before a i hurch congregation,
In tho course of hla "Bpeil" he said
lhat "what Ih - working class is yearning for to-day Is tha rtghi to live.
Wouldn'l thai Jar you? Apari from
thi fad tbi t it the woi king class had
nol the "right to live," that they
would be di-iid. why are thi
[aboul H? if the working class wore in
ih> minority ihey mlghl have can , • ,
n,   Or il   ome al -   rson
had miiii- I or the "rlghl      live" they
mlghl yearn.   ! lul lhe ■-- oi I Ins -
are   in   -i   big  majority,
they can  i
ii ibi y luiv'- no! taken
now |i la bi i ni v th j hi .-• iiui v ant-
- -i It,
•i hi   i" ■   '■-        :-   :       - ■ -i,,1-iu,. -
of woi ktns da     ml       ■        ■■-.■■•
In    or the right to live" Oh, P hue   '
Yours In Un  bci ap,
IDLER. THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCQUV   ER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
The Struggle
Existence
For
First Class Struggle.
Class struggles commenced with the introdu-
duction of slavery. Slavery came as soon as it
could—with the discovery and practice of agriculture and the breeding and domestication of animals. Then it was possible for captives to be
profitably employed—that is to say for them, if
made to work for the captors, to produce more than
they consumed, or than it took to keep them alive.
The flrst slaves were undoubtedly captives taken
in war and employed in the cultivation of the soil
and in the tending of their conquerors' flocks and
herds. Indeed, It may be remarked that for quite
a considerable time we find no mention or record
ot individuals being the slaves of other lndividu-
als belonging to the same clan. The members of
these closely-knit organizations did not endeavor
the slave produced. The amount of the wealth
produced by the slaves, less the amount deducted to keep them alive and in good Working
condition, approximated to the profit of the
modern capitalist. The amount of food it took to
keep the slave may be said, loosely speaking, to
approximate to the modern worker's "wage." Of
course we are aware that the form of payment—
In the one case in food, etc., and in the other in
their monetary equivalent—is different, yet we
maintain that in essence or substance the thing
ls the same.
Serfdom.
Later on we find chattel slavery giving way to
feudal serfdom.   This change was made, in our
opinion, partly because, owing to the widespread
dissatisfaction  among  a  certain   portion   >f  the
at flrst, to enslave their clan  brothers and ex-    Biave class, lt became necessary to make appar-
plolt him—unlike the modern captain of industry
who, as we are well aware, is always ready to
employ and exploit his compatriots, granted, of
course, that they can be procured as cheaply as
those of some other nationality.
With the coming of slavery and the keeping of
slaves, however, the 'old tribal organizations
could not long stand. The keeping of slaves
necessitated the creation of slave guards. Before
this time the whole of the able-bodied members
of the tribe took part in warfare, on the necessity arising, as they did in hunting and fishing.
Buch a thing as a Btanding army, or permanent
ghting force, was unknown—there was no necessity for it. Permanent or standing armed forces,
then, came into being with slavery. The function of such forces was primarily to keep the
slaves in subjection and protect the interest of
the slave-owning section. Slavery, as we have
before said, spelled the death knell of the old communities. The benefits to be gained by a master
through the ntllizatlon of slave labor were too
ent concessions, but, primarily, because feudal
slavery, or feudalism, was a better (more profitable) form of exploitation than chattel slavery.
Under the feudal system we see that the master
no longer has resting upon him the onus of bothering with the feeding of the slave. At this time
the workers were bound to the land. A certain
section of arable land was the property of feudal
lords. A part (in all cases the richest and most
productive soil) he retained for his own use, and
it was cultivated by his serfs for a certain period,
generally three days out of six. The resultant
product went to the feudal lord. Other sections
of land were set aside for cultivation by the serfs.
Whatever they produced thereon was their own.
It may be said, ln passing, however, that in
actual practice what they produced, supposedly
for themselves they did not always enjoy. The
feudal serfs were always the prey to various "side
grafts." Particularly is this true with our old
friends of the priestly craft. They were allowed
by the feudal lord to exact a heavy toll on the
apparent to be long overlooked.    Soon we find    already scanty and meagre product of the serf.
individuals not only holding as slaves aliens
captured In war hut, also, members of their own
tribe or clan. Before this further step could be
taken, however, something was necessary.
Private Property in the Land and Tools of -
) Production.
At an early period the land and the primitive
tools of production were to all intents and purposes held in common. Private ownership was
unknown. We are informed that the word "my,'
or Its equivalent, was not used in describing
ownership, but the word "our."    Under such a
Under feudalism we have society divided roughly
into two classes—feudal lords and serfs. We
flnd ln this period the strengthening of the armed
forces going on apace,
Some of us have, perhaps, in our boyhood
days, read enthralling romances dealing with the
"good old times" of the bold baron and his retainers. Probably such accounts are more or less
exaggerated. Still, there Is no doubt that the
feudal nobility lived exceedingly well, and had
a good time—at the serfs' expense. The hlatory
of feudalism is marked by many bloody encounters
system with  free access to the  means of life,    revolt and rebellions.   Time and time again the
great difficulty was experienced, by primitive cap-    ■*•*••■■*   A™°"  ■" <*»—>'"-»   »«•"■"'"»' - <-"  •*>
tains of industry, in enslaving the people. This
was overcome by the seizure of the land and tools
by a few powerful Individuals, and the parcelling
of It out amongst them. Thus, at an early date,
we flnd the great mass of the people enslaved and
a class society in existence; composed on the one
hand of the dispossesaed majority and on the
other of those who had aeized the meana of life
and eatablished themselves thereby ln a position
oi owner or overlordshlp. TbU was done by the
aid of the newly established armed forces on the
one hand and the priestly craft on the other. The
rulers, we flnd, succeeded In attaching these two
sections to their side by according to them varl-
serfs, driven to desperation, throwing caution to
the winds, struck back at the feudal lords. As a
general rule there was little intelligence behind
these insurrections, although it ls interesting to
note that in some cases they seemed to have had
an inkling of what they wanted—free access to
the means of life. In moat cases the serfs, ill-
armed, ill-clad, undisciplined, Ignorant, got the
worst ot, UMM encounters from the start. At
times they erfWud a little success and many a
lordly icastle went up in flames while its inmates
died in various unpleasant ways.
A New System.
Feudalism, however, ran its course, and a new
system sprang up.   A new class forced its way
ous gifts and prlvilegea—paid out of the gooda to the front and made a bold bid for supremacy,
produced by the slaves of course.   In return for This was the trading or bourgeois class.    The
these favors the armed forces upheld the over- history of this class is practically a history of
lordship at the point of the sword, while the prieBt modern Industrial development,
craft performed  an  equally  Important function, The   -^n,,,,,,,,.  ot  the   present  rullng  and
playing upon the people s superstitions and in- owning class were the smaU traders of free cities.
cUlcating into the minds of the newly enslaved These acqu,red wealth by ^^ operations, and
various   servile   principles—meekneBs^hummty, grasped at power_   WUh the growth ot industrial
contentment, resignation, self-denial—which they
expounded with fervor but which, then as now,
they showed no particularly noticeable tendency
to practise. All this, of course, was not accomplished In a day nor without violent upheavals,
rebellions and disturbances. Some interesting
survivals are yet with us, particularly In Asiatic
Russia, of peoples who have hardly emerged from
communism.
Chattel Slavery,
life and manufacture they eventually became the
dominant factor. With the decay of feudalism
the feudal serfs were forced from the land and into,
tbe rising commercial centres of modern civilization. The power of the nobility decayed. This
new system of slavery which we have with us
to-day brought no, great amelioration or bettering of the condition of the great mass of the
people— the "freed serfs."   To them it was but an
exchange  of  masters.    The  tools  of production
The flrst form or slavery was that which we speedily became so costly, with the development
call chattel slavery.   Briefly stated we mean that of capitalism, that their acquisition by the work-
the workers were the absolute property of the ers  was  practically impossible.    The ownership
_aBters chattels—to be bought, sold, exchanged, concentrated into fewer and fewer hands.   Under
etc    This  of course, meant that the master had capitalism the tools of production may be said to    end
to feed  clothe and shelter the slave out of what take the place of the land under feudalism—to
represent the things to which the workers must
have access to live. These tools of production being at present in the handB of a small class in
society the modern "free" workers are forced to
depend upon thiB class for access to them. The
power thus placed in the hands of the owners
enable them to exploit the workers. The average
worker must toil for wages and be exploited—or
quit work and starve.
Wage-Slavery.
Let us say, however, that this particular system—wage-slavery—is a more dangerous, subtle
and misleading form than any other that has
preceded it. The peculiarity of this system is that
the modern worker Is apparently not a slave.
This is due to the much-vaunted freedom of contract of which we hear so much. Freedom of
contract means that the modern wage-worker Is
not by law bound to any particular unit or section
of tne present owning class. However, since the
whole of the means of life at the present time
(natural resources, machinery, etc.), are In the
hands of the capitalist class, it appears to us that
this much-vaunted freedom of contract mUst be
regarded merely as a joke—a somewhat grim and
unpleasant one for the work:r, Indeed—and cannot
be taken seriously. The modern wage worker is in
substantially the same position as the slave workers which have preceded him—divorced from Ihe
means of life—with the exception of that, whereas,
the chattel slave was bound to a definite master
and the feudal serfs tied to a certain piece of land,
we have no fixed owner, but are given the doubtful
privilege of, at times, changing our masters, lt
may be said, in objection to this position, that the
modern worker receives wages, and Is therefore
"free." This, however, Is beside the case. The
chattel slave received wages also (using the term
roughly) in the shape of his keep, and, upon analysis, we find that the money wage of to-day is
merely the monetary expression of our "keep."
Indeed, the position of the modern worker Is
worse than that of the chattel slave, in that the
wage of the modern worker represents, on the
average, a much less proportion of the wealth he
produces than the goods handed to the chattel
slave for consumption represented the wealth
produced by that slave. The relative or comparative reward of the wage worker is therefore less
than that of the chattel slave. Capitalism is
essentially a system of slavery because of the
ownership of the tools of production by the capitalist class and the exploitation of the workers.
The Struggle Must Continue.
With the working class of to-day dispossessed,
enslaved and exploited we cannot say that for us
the struggle for exlatence is at an end. The problem of production is undoubtedly solved. The existence of a vast and complex industrial machinery
which can, and does, produce a sufficiency to
satisfy the needs of all does not help us much
unless we get the goods. The fact that the workers produce these goods, do the work, tend the
machines, is a negative kind of satisfaction if
they do not receive a reward equivalent to the
resultant product. The problem of distribution
yet remains to be solved. We freely admit that
so far as the ruling class of to-day is concerned
this problem may already be considered as "solved" ln a very satisfactory manner. They, numerically a small part of the whole, get the great bulk
of the wealth produced—and, at that, generally,
without taking any part in the production of the
wealth. This solution, while alright for the owners
however, cannot be regarded as at all satisfactory
to the workers. The problem of distribution is not
to us, a question of distribution of the goods anywhere or anyhow but of distributing them so that
we get approximately value returned for what we
do.
Any such distribution of the wealth produced
ls, of course, utterly Impossible to slaves. No
class or section of slave workers have ever received what they produced—or ever will. They
get, on the whole, enough to keep them going and
no more. If the working class desire to get what
they produce they must abolish slavery. This they
can only do by abolishing the class ownership of
the means of production. Such a step means
political revolution, the overthrow of the present
runng class, the collective ownership of the means
of life and their democratic management by the
workers. For these things the Socialist Party of
Canada stands and for that alone. Its programme
is that of the revolutionary working class. We
call upon the workers to educate themselves to
their true position and organize with us for the
overthrow of capitalism by the capture of the
powers of the State—upon which the capitalist
ownership depends—in order that we may take
over the machinery of production and that economic servitude and exploitation may come to an
GERALD DESMOND.
TO THE WORKERS.
Wage slavery ls a term to which
most people object, especially in such
"prosperous" times as these. It is asserted by preachers, politicians and
other upholders of the present capitalist system, that slavery does not exist—the very Idea Is absurd.
They are right when they state that
chattel slavery has been abolished, but
there is another form of slavery which
is called wage slavery. Under chattel
slavery, the master owned the slave.
He bought him at a price. He made
him work, and In return provided him
with sufficient food, clothing and shelter to keep hlm In a sound condition.
But those condltlona were not satis-
factory to the master. When chattel
slavery was abolished, the Blave waa
not freed from supporting the master
class. The master class still owned
the job and the slave could only get
work on the terms laid down to him by
the master. Here, however, was the
change. Instead of the master providing the slave with food, clothing,
and shelter, he paid him a wage, from
which he had to provide these three
things himself, and ln return work for
his master to the best of his ability.
So you see that slavery was not abolished. Only the form of slavery was
changed.
The conditions of Bondage still exist, and the master still takes the surplus value produced by the slaves.
Generally the wage slave will tell you
that he is a free man. Ho Is free to
this extent, he can choose between two
evils—working or   starving.     If    he
should choose the latter he ls arrested
and jailed as a vag. The reason for
this state of things ls that the capitalist class own the means of production
or In other words own your job. When
you wage plugs here get this into your
skulls, you wlll waken up and do something towards owning your own Job
and freeing yourselves from slavery
once and for all. Not so much for the
love of humanity or because you want
to do something for your fellow workers but because you need it youraelvea.
A. T. HIGGINS.
WHY NOT ?
Fellow Worker,—
Why la It that you are not a Socialist? Ia It because your wants are not
the same as the wants of the Socialist? Of course it ls not; you want exactly the same as the Socialists want.
You want to enjoy life, to enjov wealth
and happiness, and the Social .Tt wants
exactly the same things, too.
You want to get these things as
easily as Is possible, and ao does the
Socialist.
You have to work to get them, and
so does the Socialist.
You don't work because you like it.
If you did you would not drop your
hammer or trowel so quickly and
hike" when the whistle blows.
You work because you want to en-
Joy the wealth you produce, but before you can enjoy any of the wealth
you produce, you must work for someone else to enjoy the wealth that you
produce.
You work for yourself and someone
else too.   The Socialists don't like this
and no more do you.
You work hard and do not enjoy a
great part of the wealth produced.
Somebody else enjoys the wealth and
does not work at all.
The Socialists have a simple way by
which you can enjoy the wealth you
produce and not have to work so hard
for it either.
As this is exactly what you want,
why in the dickens don't you go ln
for it?
Simply because your masters have
filled you up with the idea lhat It's
against your interest. Jt is not. It ls
exactly what you want. Call around
at the Socialist headquarters and hear
more about lt.
ED. FULCHER.
SATURDAY,  NOVEMBER  26,  M10
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
»/ NJUOtltyor IM emi Mauls' inum-uwui mum or rmeocs.
Union-made Cigars.
<2hc< Unhurt. ii«i-.c-sn»»«i"i».*»k«>»»-«.*».ti»lto*nBl
,aat-*o> i* SusiwKi-iiiu-uiiosu mat <—s, j- ?****•"<'' '2*!L
«-o. t* Siawna-istiMiiiwi mm, una. u «-*«i»J«--i« i
.m-iM.III.WM'UlllWrtl-mimMMIIWMMOUIT    I*** ml
Cm*1.0veem,lsomamlt*'imM.
jam em m. Ciiwn mm Msata aim
..J!£. WW6Ufa*<4.Ftmm*t,
«3CK3C3C:iO(PQJOOC3
Which Stands for a LWtntf Wage
Vancouver Local  367.
55*
Licenss to an Extra Provincial Company.
COMPANIES  ACT.
(July 1st, 1910.)
Canada: Province of British Columbia.
No. 230A (1910).
Thla ls to certify that American Road
Machine Company of Canada, Limited,
Is authorized and licensed to carry on
business within the Province of British
Columbia, and to carry out or effect all
or any of the objects of tho Company to
which the legislative authority of the
Legislature of British Columbia extends.
Tho head offlce of the Company is Hit-
uate at the Town of Goderlch, County of
Huron, Ontario, Canada.
The head offlce of the Company In this
Province Is situate at Vancouver, and
Norman   B.  Mancll,  Sales  Agent,  whose
Given under my hand and Seal of Office at Victoria, Province of British Columbia,  this seventh  day of November,
one thousand nine hundred and ten.
_     .       (L.S.) D. WHITESIDE,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
The objects for which this Company
has been established and licensed are:
To enter into and carry into effect
either with or without modifications and
Agreement which has already been prepared and Is expressed to be made between John Forbes Maguire of the one
part and the Company of the other
part, a copy whereof has for tho purpose of identification been endorsed with
the signature of Sydney John Henry
Knight, a Solicitor of the Supreme
Court. The basis on which the Company
Is established Is that the Company
shall acquire the premises comprised in
the said Agreement on the terms therein
set forth, subject to modifications (if
any) as aforesaid, and that the said
John Forbes Maguire and other persons
or some of them in tho said Agreement
named are to be first Directors of the
Company, and accordingly it shall be
no objection to the Agreement that the
said John Forbes Maguire and or such
other person or persons as Vendors,
Promoters, and Directors stand in a
fiduciary position towards the Company,
or that tliere Is not In the circumstances constituted an independent
Board, and every member of the Company, present and future, is to be deemed to join the Company on this basis:
To undertake and carry on In Great
Britain, abroad und the colonies, anv
business transaction" or operation commonly undertaken or carried on by financiers, promoters of companies, underwriters, concessionaires, capitalists, merchants or agents:
To purchase, or otherwise acquire, use,
exercise, develop, or otherwise turn to account, any Interests in any trade marks,
designs, patents, brevefsd invention, licenses, concessions nnd the like, conferring an exclusive or non-exclusive or
non-exclusive or limited right to use, or
any secret or other information as to any
invention or article which mav seem td
the Directors, capable of being profitably dealt with:
To institute, enter into, carrv on, assist or participate In finnnctal," commercial, mercantile, Industrial, manufacturing, mining, and other businesses, works,
contracts and undertakings, and financial
operations of all kinds:
To purchase or otherwise acquire, hold,
sell, exchange, turn to account, dispose of
and deal In real and personal property of
all kinds, and in particular British, 'foreign, and colonial lands, buildings, hereditaments, business concerns, and undertakings, mortgages, charges, annuities,
patents, patent rights, copyrights, licenses, securities, grants, charters, concessions, leases, contracts, policies, book
debts and claims, nnd any interest in real
or personal property, and any claims
against such property or against any
persons or property, and to finance and
carry on any business concern or undertaking so acquired:
To subscribe, form, buy, otherwise acquire, hold, sell exchange, dispose of and
operate In any manner whatsoever, In
shares, stocks, bonds, debenture stocks or
obligations, or any kind or form or security of any nature of this Company, so far
as the same is permitted or may be hereafter permitted by law, or of any other
Company, whether British colonial, or
foreign, or of any authority .-supreme,
municipal, local or otherwise:
To guarantee the payment of money secured by or payable under or in respect
of bonds, debentures, debenture stock,
contracts, mortgages, charges, obligations and securities of any company,
whether British, colonial, or foreign, or
of any authority, supreme, municipal, local or otherwise, or of any persons
whomsoever, whether corporate or unin-
corporate:
To furnish and provide deposits and
guarantee funds required in relation to
any tender or application for any contract, concession, decree, enactment,
property or privilege, or ln the relation
to tho carrying out of any contract, concession, decree,  or enactment:
To lend money to any persons and on
any terms, to draw, accept, endorse, discount, issue, buy, sell and deal, in bills
of exchange, promissory notes, drafts,
bills of lading, coupons, warrants, and
other negotiable Instruments, and buy,
aell, and deal tn bullion, specie and coin:
To borrow or raise money for the purposes of the Company In such manner
and upon such terms as may seem expedient and to secure the repayment thereof by redeemable or irredemable bonds,
debentures or debenture stock (such
bonds, debentures, debenture stock being
made payable to bearer or otherwise,
and Issuable or payable either at par
or at a premium or discount) or by mortgages, scrip certficates, bills of exchange
or promissory notes, or by any other instrument, or in such manner as may be
determined, and for such purposes to
charge all or any part of the property of
he Company, both present nnd future, Including its uncalled capital:
To make donations to such persons
and in such cases, and either of cash or
other assets, as may he thought directly
or Indirectly conducive to any of the
Company's objects, or otherwise expedient, and to subscribe or guarantee
money for charitable or benevolent objects, or for any exhibition, or for any
public general or other object:
To enter Into any arrangement with
any government or authorities, supreme,
municipal, local or otherwise, and to obtain from any such government or authority any rights, concessions, charters,
and privileges which may be thought
conducive to the Company's objects or
any of them:
To purchase or acquire and otherwise
undertake all or any part of the business, property or goodwill and liabilities
of any company, corporation, society,
partnership or persons carrying on or
about to carry on, any business which
this Company Is authorized to carry on,
or which Is ln any respect similar to
the objects of this Company, or which Is
capable of being conducted so as directly
or indirectly to benefit tHe Company or
pany Is One Hundred Thousand Dollars,
divided into Two Thousand shares,
Given under my hand and Seal of Offlce at Victoria, Province of British Columbia,   this   seventh   day   of   November,
one thousand nine hundred and ten.
(L.S.)       D.   WHITESIDE,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
The objects for which this Company
has  been established  and  licensed are:
To manufacture, sell and operate all
kinds of road building machinery;
To manufacture and sell all kinds of
machinery or tools composed ln whole or
in part of Iron or steel or into which
Iron or steel enters u-i one of the chief
components thereof used by contractors, pMMmdToYproperty deemed"sulTahle for
or builders, or manufacturers; ,the  purp0ses   of   this   Company,   and   to
To manufacture and sel all kinds of enter Into partnership or into any ar-
agrlcultiira) machinery, including thresh- rangement with respect to the sharing
lng machinery; • 0f profits, union of interests, or amalga-
To manufacture and sell all kinds of mation, reciprocal, concession or co-op-
saw mills, whether portable or station-  eratlon, either in whole or in part, with
ary;
To own, hold, operate and sell timber
limits and mines, with all the rights and
privileges Incidental thereto; and
To purchase und hold and sub-contract
for the building of roads, bridges and
dams.
address   is   Vancouver  aforesaid,   ls   the
Tho amount of the "capital of tho Com
attorney for the Company
.License to an Extra Provincial Company.
COMPANIES ACT.
(July 1st, 1910.)
Canada: Province of British Columbia
No. 218A (1910).
This Is to certify that The Anglo-
Brftlsh Columbian Agency, Limited, is
authorized and licensed to carry on
business within the Province of British
Columbia, and to carry out or effect all
or any of the objects of the Company
to which the legislative authority of
the Legislature of British Columbia
extends.
The head offlce of the Company is situate at 14 and 15 Cockspur Street,
London, S. W., England.
The head offlce of the Company ln this
Province ls situate at 505 Mercantile
Building, Homer Street, Vancouver, and
John Forbes Maguire, whose address ls
Vancouver aforesaid, ls the attorney
for the Company.
The amount of the capital of the Com-
Fiany is Five Thousand Pounds, divided
nto Four Thousand Ordinary and Four
Thousand Deferred shares.'
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday Nov. 27
GERALD DESMOND
any such company, corporation, society
partnership or persons:
To dispose of by sale, lease, underlease,
exchange, surrender, mortgage or otherwise, absolutely, conditionally, or for any
limited Interest, all or any part of the
undertaking, property, rights or privileges of the Company as a going concern
or otherwise, to any public body, company, society or association, or to any
person or persons, for such consideration as the Company may think fit, and
In particular for any stock, shares, debentures securities or property of any
other Company:
To promote or form, or assist In the
promotion of formation of, any other
company or companies, either for the purpose of acquiring, working, or otherwise
dealing with all or any part of the
property, rights, or liabilities of this
Company, or any property in which this
Company ls interested, or for any other
purpose, with powers to assist such company or companies by paying or contributing towards the preliminary expenses
thereof, or providing the whole or part
of the capital, or by taking or subscribing for shares therein, or by lend
ing money thereto upon debentures, securities, property or otherwise, and
further to pay out of the funds of the
Company ail expenses of and incident
to the formation, registration, advertising and establishment of any other company, and to the issue and subscription
of the share or loan capital, including
brokerage and commissions for obtaining applications for, or placing, or guaranteeing the placing of the shares, or
any debentures, debenture stock, or other
securities of this or any other company,
and also all the expenses attending the
issue of any circular or notice, or the
printing, stamping and circulating of
proxies or forms to be filled up by the '
Members of this, or connected with anv
other company, and to undertake the
management and secretarial or other
work, duties and business of any company on such terms as may be determined:
To obtain or in any way assist in ob- ,
coining any Provisional Order or Act of
Parliament or other necessary authority
for enabling this or any other company
to carry  any  of Its  objects   into effect
or for effecting any modification ef this j
or any other company's constitution; to]
procure this or any other company to bel
legalised,   registered   or   incorporated,  if]
necessary in accordance with the laws of]
any country or state in whicli it may or I
may propose to carry on operations:        J
To distribute any of the property orl
assets of the Company among the niem-1
bers, In specie or otherwise, and on any J
distribution or surplus assets, to divide!
the same among the members otherwise!
than in accordance with their strict legal!
rights: 1
To do all or any of the above things!
In any part of the globe, either as prln-l
cipals, agents, contractors, trustees, orl
otherwise, and either alone or in eon-]
junction with others, and either by orl
through agents, sub-contractors, trus-f
tees or otherwise; with power to appoint!
a trustee or trustees, personal or oorp-l
orate to hold any property on behalf]
of the Company, and to allow any prop-f
erty to remain outstanding in suchr
trustee or trustees: I
To give options or calls on shares on
securities of the Company, or which majj
from time to time form any part of thJ
assets of this Company, to any person!
upon any terms: I
To do all such other things as ara
incidental or may be thought conducivf
to the attainment of the above object!
or any of them, and so that the won]
"Company" in this Memorandum, when
applied otherwise than this Company]
shall be deemed to include any partner]
ship or other body or persons, whethef
corporate or unincorporate and whethaiL
domiciled in the United Kingdom oil
elsewhere, and the objects specified iJ
each of the paragraphs of this Memorl
andum shall be regarded as independent!
objects, and accordingly shall be In no!
wise limited or restricted (except when!
otherwise expressed in such paragraph!
by reference to the Objects'!ndfeatea In
any other or the same paragraph
the name of the company, but may
carried out ln as full and ample a man-]
nor, and construed in as wide a sense, i\A
if each of the said objects were the obJ
ject or objects of a separate, -listinet|
and independent company.
IticonM to an Extra Provincial Company,
COMPANIES ACT. '
(July 1st, 1910.)
Canada: Province of British Columbia,!
No. 217A (1910).
This is to certify that KingBbury Footi.
wear Company, Limited, is authorUed|
and licensed to carry on business within!
the Province of British Columbia, and to|
carry out or effect all or any of tho ob-]
jects of the Company to which the legis-]
lative authority of the Legislature af|
British Columbia extends.
The head offlce of the Company ls ■it-'
uate at Maisonneuve, Quebec, Canada
Tiie head offlce of the Company in this!
Province is situate at 619 Granville]
Street, Vancouver, and Joseph Edward!
Bird, Barrtster-at-Law, whose address ls|
Vancouver aforesaid, Is the attorney for
the Company.
The amount of the capital of the Com-!
pany is Three Hundred Thousand Dol-1
lars, divided Into Three Thousand shares.!
Given under my hand and Seal of Of-]
flee at Victoria, Province of British Oo-I
lumbla,  this seventh day of November.!
one thousand nine hundred and ten.
(L.S.) D. WHITESIDE,
Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.
The objects for which this Company]
has been established and licensed are:    I
To make, manufacture, purchase, selljL
job ln and otherwise deal in boots, shoes!
and all things Incidental to footwear;
To manufacture, tan and treat, and l_
purchase, sell and otherwise deal in
leather of all kinds;
To   make,   manufacture    and   deal   in_
lasts,    shoe    counters,    cartoons,    wood]
cases, shoe dressing, and other parts and
findings connected with the manufactun
of footwear;
To purchase, sell, job in and otherwise
deal in rubber footwear of all kinds;
To manufacture and produce steam!
gas and electricity for heat, light and]
power for the purposes of the Company!
and to dispose of and sell any surplus!
thereof; J
To purchase, acquire and continue the]
business heretofore carried on by tne]
Kingsbury Footwear Company, and to]
pay for the same in and paid up stock]
of this Company; ]
To acquire, hold, mortgage, sell, con-]
vey or lease any real estate, lands and]
buildings requisite for the carrying On]
of all and any of the aforesaid under-"
takings and to pay for the same by paid
up stock of the Company;
To promote,  assist In  promoting and]
become a shareholder ln any subsidiary,]
allied   or   other   company   carrying   oi
wholly or in part business of a slmlla
character,  and  to  sell   to  or otherwise]
deal with the same; ]
To purchase and acquire any business]
or business of a similar nature, and to]
purchase and acquire any Interest or con-l
trol In any business of a similar natural
and to pay for the same in paid up stoclcr
of this Company;
To let or sublet any property of the!
Company, to sell or otherwise dispose ofl
the business, property or undertaking orl
any part thereof, for such consideration!
as the Company may deem flt, and In!
particular for shares, debentures or se-1
purities of any other company having!
objects altogether or In part similar to I
those of this Company, to amalgamate]
with any other company having objects!
■wholly or ln part similar to those of this J
Company; j
To do nil  and   everything   necessary.J
suitable, convenient or proper for the ac-1
comnlishment of any of the purposes, or 1
attainment of any one or more of the ob- 1
jects   hereinbefore  enumerated  or incidental  to  the powers   herein  named or J
which shall or may at any time appear I
to be conducive to or expedient of the
protection  or benefit of   the   Company, j
either as holders of. or interested in any
property or otherwise.
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
q If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your'premises and give you an estimate o' cost of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company* Lmiited.

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