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Western Clarion Oct 9, 1909

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548.
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, October 9, 1909.
aabseripttoB
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SI.0I
THE COST OF LIVING
The above is a subject that is being
generally discussed in every home,
one of paramount importance to the
working class under the existing system of society, yet, while it is generally agreed that the necessities ot life
have increased very appreciably in
price, very few of the workers have
attempted to acquire a knowledge of
the details, or of the cause of the increase.
The usual reply to queries regarding matters connected with the subject are met with the stereotyped replies so often used by the great financiers in explaining the necessity of
supporting one of the old political
parties if prosperity is to be restored.
The men are usually able to speak of
the cost of rooms or board, but definite' statistics can only be obtained
from those women who have' kept a
close account of the family expenditures for a number of years and are,
therefore, in a position to speak au-
, thorltatively on the increased cost of
| house rent, groceries, furniture and
I other staple articles necessary for the
I human family. A conservative estimate of the increase in this city,
would, in our opinion, show the cost
of living to have increased 40% during the past fifteen years. Attempts
have been made to compare conditions here with cities in the immediate vicinity, but a true comparison is
OUT OF THE DEPTH8.
Yukon) argued that the rate of wages
would allow the men to save a great
deal of money, but a reference to men
who actually received the rate of wages referred to, indicates that they
were in reality, on account of the
high cost of necessities, worse off than
if they had been working for the prevailing wage  in the  Coast cities.
Comparisons can only be made relatively, and when discussing the cost
of living the wages and cost of living;
must both be taken into consideration^
The term wages is seldom considered
except in a monotary sense, but the
money wage cannot be accepted as an
indication of the real remuneration re-Denin(]
ceived by the workers. The real wage
Is what is bought with the money
wage, the food, clothing, shelter, etc.,
of the worker. It Is what the workers actually receive for their labor
power. While the money wage, the
price of labor power, may rise, the
real wage may at the same time be
falling. The same authorities already
quoted concede that the money wage
has Increased 16%. Thus, we find wages have risen 15% and the cost of
living 4C%, but the real wage has fallen 25%, so instead of receiving 15%
more, the workers are actually receiving 25% less for their labor power.
A rise in prices, therefore, means tc?
the worker, not so much a rise in his
cost of living,  as  a fall   in the  ex-
Work! boys work! be humble, be industrious increase capital and the sum
total of the world's wealth; you know
what your share is.
Increase, be , fruitful, replenish the
earth,  jbbs  are  going  a  begging.
i almost impossible on  account of the  change value of his labor power, that
•local factors that must be taken Into
.consideration, but which can not be
intelligently used unless the statistician lives for a period In each city.
Passing from the local view, we
find approximately the same'changing
conditions throughout the whole of
Canada, and in fact all over the continent of America.
During the last twelve yearb the
cost of food1 for the average working-
man's family in the leading industrial
centers has increased over 26 per
cent. This is the report of the United
States Bureau of Labor. It is based
on an investigation ot £567 families
in the leading Industrial centers of
thirty-three States.
In 1896 these families expended an
average of $296.76 for food. In 1907
this same food cost them $374.75. To
be exact, the cost of food has increased since 1896 as follows:
1896 $296.76
1897  299,24
1898  306.70
1899  311.05
1900  314.16
L-,      1901  326.90
1902  344.61
1903  342.75
'   „     1904  347.10
1905  349.27
* ■•     1906  369,53
1»07  374.75
Ska.
The Investigation dealt only with
food,   It was found   that  42.64 per
cent. Ot the family Income was ex
pended for food, The remaining 57.46
per cent, was used for clothing, rent
and other expenses. In the large
cities rent has risen taster than any
other Item. In many localities lt had
doubled since 1896. Clothing has also
ncreased greatly ln price during the
tame period.
Finally, the report Stops with 1907,
and never have prices risen more rapidly than in the last few months.
Flour, meat, eggs, and everything else
that goes to make up the items in the
grocery bill, have gone skyward.
Taking all these things into consideration, a very low estimate of the
total increase in the cost of living
'since 1896 would be one of between
35 and 40 per cent.
.Dun's Review, the leading financial
journal, some time ago compared the
prices of 350 staple commodities in
July 1, 1897, and December 1, 1907,
and found that $1,013 in 1907 would
buy no more than $724 in 1897. Hence
If wages had remained apparently star
tlonary, they had actually declined.
The statistics quoted, having been
taken from all partB ot the country,
effectively dispose of the general argument that because the rate of wages may be higher in one locality than
another, the worker is better off, or;
lives better. _For instance, when wages were $15 per day ln Dawson City,
many workers (wo were net in the'
is, a reduction in his standard of living.
As the money wage has been referred to as the price of labor power, a
consideration of price itself would not
be out of place. Price ls Ihe approximate monetary expression of the exchange value of a commodity. Money
itself arises out of the inconveniences
attendant upon the direct exchange,
or barter, of one commodity for another. To overcome these inconveniences, one commodity Is chosen to
which all other commodities are compared, and their exchange values are
expressed in terms of this commodity.
The commodity chosen becomes in
time segregated from all others and
is looked upon as having a fixed value.
Nevertheless, it should be remembered that in reality it remains a commodity and is subject to such fluctuations In exchange value as other commodities.
At present gold is the chosen commodity. In terms of gold the exchange
values of other commodities are expressed. In the final analysis this is
equivalent to comparing the exchange
values of other commodities with that
of gold. The gold itself being the product of labor, its exchange value is determined by the labor it embodies.
The Improved methods of producing
gold and the enormous Increase In its
production, however, naturally enough
has decreased its value. Its relationship, therefore, vlth other commodities has changed, lb other words, It
takes more gold—or its equivalent—
to purchase or exchange tor a given
quantity bt food, clothing, housing,
etc,
The reduction in the 'exchange value of gold, together with the inability
of the workers to secure increases in
the money wage sufficient to offset the.
reduced value, is, therefore, responsible for the apparent Increase ln the I
cost ot living, or the reduction in the/
standard of living. The loss of power
on the part of the workers has been
brotsght about through the improved
machinery of production and the passing of the ownership ot the machinery into _the hands of large corporations, who, by virtue of their ownership of the machines, own the jobs of
the workers. In the days of the
small employer, when the machinery
of production was less perfectly developed than lt is today, it was possible for the mechanics, on account of
the large amount of band labor required, to temporarily affect the supply of labor power, thus affecting the
price, by strikes, but the "all around"
mechanic of a decade ago is rapidly
being brought to the level of a "hand"
or a machine tender, and the Improvement of machinery Is greatly increasing the number of unemployed, so it
is now almost impossible for the great
(Continued on Page 4)
Referring to that little fiction drummed so monotonously into us that any
"honest" "industrious" working plug
may be a Harrlman, Hill, or Carnegie,
if he so wills, this, dear Comrades, is
the purest piffle; years ago there
might uave been openings' for the
'right" man posessing foresight and a
constution like a Liverpool tug-boat to
battle down weaker opponents, but that
"glorious" epoch has now passed, the
march of evolution has left it behind
effectually as it has lef.fr the Stone Age
Our future as workers is before us
not behind, our goal is the whole of
our labor's fruit, which can be attained
only when we are sufficiently conscious of our position in Society to be
a unit in demanding the ownership of
our iron masters, the machines, electrical and steam labor-saving appliances.
Being as they are now the private
perquisites of a privileged few, the
man   with   nothing   but   muscle   and
brawn Is totally outclassed, that to betake himself to a secluded spot and
produce for Bale Ib the equivalent to
suicide by starvation,
e    e    e
If he lasts until he arrives at the
market with his produce; when he sees
the figure he must sell at in competition with the machine made article
the shock alone will fix him—he'll keel
right over there and then.
He must pocket his "manliness,"
his "precious independence" and go
upon his marrow-bones to beg for permission to place his brawn and nerves
at the disposal of that fellow creature
of his who has the mighty machines
of production for his own private benefit.
By the hour, by the day, by the week
he must sell his vital energies for
what he can just BUbsist on.
By the hour, by the day, by the week
must his wife and kiddies undergo the
same revolting slavery for the same
miserable pittance.
*   *   •
Yet by some mysterious dispensation
of providence he sheers away from
anyone who asks him to line up with
his own class to hit back at his brutal
ed his eyes in amazement. One of the
pels and even attacks him.
FO'C'S'TLB BARRISTER.
POINTED QUESTIONS
A CATECHISM FOR WORKERS.
0 RIGHTEOUS JUDGE!
0 LEARNED JUDGE!
Albert, N. B.
Dear Comrade:
Sometime ago I wrote you about
the arrest of Mr. Belyea for disturbing
a Socialist meeting in Moncton. The
case was brought, before Magistrate
Steeves Monday. September 20th, and,
at the request of the Chief of Police,
a number of Socialists appeared for
the prosecution.
Miss Mushkat, the first witness refused to kiss a book which lay on the
desk, at which the worthy judge opened his eyes in amazement. One of the
attorneys for the defense requested
that the trial be postponed for a week,
in order that the prosecution might
procure witnesses who had a proper
respect for the word of God. Here
Chief Rldeout intervened with "Neither does a Chinaman take the oath."
The audience thinking the chief's remarks were intended as a joke became
so hilarious that tbe venerable judge
was compelled to remind them that
their laughter was out of place. Court
adjourned for thirty minutes, so that
the wise judge might discover whether
the law would permit him to hang
those who refused to take the oath,
or if they should be merely electrocuted. He returned to the court-room
With a law book as bulky as a barrel
of flour, and tried to look as though
he understood lt. Then he graciously
permitted Comrade Mushkat to affirm,
the truth, the whole truth, etc., after
which he asked her what her views In
regard to future punishment were.
What do you think of a "magistrate"
who has such a low opinion Of the
human race that he thinks he must
threaten his witnesses With eternal
brimstone in order to make them tell
the truth t
After the witness had answered
the few questions put by the Chief,
she was compelled to reply to about
forty-eleven yards of queries regarding the different countries, cities,
towns and villages in which she had
lived. When satisfactory answers had
been given to these, she was asked by
lawyer McQueen what was the aim of
of the Socialist Party. She replied,
"To give to the workers the full product of their labor"," and the brilliant representative of the bar wanted
to know If the workers should get the
full product of what they don't earn.
Now will you tell me that man is not
descended from an ape?
When Comrade Mushkat informed
the grinning specimen of humanity
which passed tor a lawyer, that she
was proud to be a member of the So
cialist Party, the other Socialists applauded vigorously, and received another reprimand from "his honor."
I was then called and also declined
to take the oath. The flrst dozen
questions put to me pertained to the
scriptures. Having read most of the
advertisements in 'Cotton's Weekly" I
could answer them much better than
the presiding officer expected. Then
another dub lawyer wanted the definition of Socialism, and he got it.
The defendant was the next wltnesB.
When "one calf kissed the Bkln of another" the look of pride and gratification on Judge Steeves face may be
better imagined than described. Bel-
yea swore as follows:
"I heard Mr. Gribble and this red-
necktie gent (pointing to Fillmore)
make Insulting remarks about my king
and my flag. I told them that I was
proud to live In a free country under
the Union Jack, in an empire governed by Edward the Seventh, and proud
to belong to a country ruled by such
an illustrous statesman as the Right
Honorable Sir Wilfred Laurier, (K. C.
N. 0„ C. O. D„ etc.,). I told him that
the Socialist M. P.s., Vervllle, Ralph
Smith and Putty could not be compared with our own liberal representatives" et cetera,
ln reply to a question from Czar
Rldeout, Chief Of Police, Belyea said,
'I have been arrested several times
for drunkenness, And for disturbing the
peace, also for attempted murder."
McQueen in defense said, "These
Socialists have been teaching a doctrine which we do not recognize ln
Canada, we do not know "
"May I suggest that you study lt"
said Fillmore.
The insignificant little magistrate
bounced out of his seat with surprise
and anger, and had he not been a good
Baptist Christian, every Socialist In
the province would have been sent up
for contempt of court.
The judge summed up the case os
follows:
"Belyea took the oath, the Socialists
did not, Belyea recognizes the authority of the court, the Socialists do not,
Belyea is a Liberal, the Socialists are
not, therefore his statements can be
relied upon as facts, and the Socialists, not believing in future punishment, would not be afraid ot lying,
case postponed seven days."
Monday evening our meeting was
broken up by the police. Tuesday
morning, Comrade Fillmore^ went to
the chief, told him we would hold a
meeting that night If hell cracked, and
defied the police to do their damndest.
The meeting was held.   All those
Fellow-workers:—
How are you going to vote at the
coming elections? That is the question.
How can you vote so as to further
your own interests?
Look around at tbe different political organizations that are putting forward candidates for your vote. Ask
yourselves, "What principles do these
political parties stand for, and what
do their candidates advocate?
Above all other parties in significance to you is the Socialist Party.
This is a remarkable organization. It
is run in tbe interests of tbe working
class alone.
That means your interests!
What does the Socialist Party propose to do or what do its candidates
advocate?
The Socialist Party holds, that, as
the working class produces all the
wealth which society has to-day, the
working class should enjoy all the
wealth which society has to-day. The
Socialist Party stands for the workers receiving the full products of their
labor.
What's that I hear you saying? You
get your wages? But you know what
the workers get as wages is only a
very small part of the product of labor—about one-fifth? What about the
other four-fifths? ( Why don't you get
that, too? Don't you want it?
Could'nt you use it if you had it?
Wouldn't you like to wear better
clothes, eat better food, live in n better house, work shorter hours under
better condilions than you do now?
Of course you would.
Now, who builds all the nice houses
which we see all around us? The
working class—and they themselves
live in shacks or tenements.
Who make all the fine garments and
themselves dress In shoddy rags?
Again the working class.
Who live on the cheapest and most
adulterated foods, whilst themselves
producing all the good things to eat?
Who build automobiles and then walk?
Once more the working class!
Why do you deliver up all these good
things to those who never produced
them?   Because you have to!
Why do you have to? Because you
work for wages, your labor-power that
you sell for wages being a commodity
like butter, eggs, cheese or potatoes,
its price is governed by the same laws
which govern the price of butter, eggs,
cheese and potatoes. Your labor-power is bought by your employer Just as
he buys coal, coke, lumber or any
other raw material.
With the aid of modern machinery,
the productive power of human labor
is wonderful. The workers produce
many times more than they can 'buy
back again and enjoy. Why cannot
they buy lt back again? They haven't
the means to buy It back!
Who have the means? The capitalist class!
Who are the capitalist class? The
people who own the earth! That economic class tn human society which
owns the land, railroads factories and
mines,
Then why can these people buy all
the good things that you produce?
By virtue of their ownership of the
things by which you make a living.
By virtue of their ownership of the
land, railroads, factories and mines.
By what right do the capitalist class
own these means of production? By
reason of their making and building
them? No. The workers make and
build them.
Because they manage and run them?
No. The capitalists pay men to manage and run  them—workingmen.
Why, then, do they own them? ' Because they have certain pieces of oa>
per which say that tbey own them,
Because they eontrol the powers ot
government, the parliaments, law"
courts, armies, navies and police Ut'
back them up when tbey say that the*"
own them.
And now, last question of all, why
do they control the powers ot govern*
ment? For the simple reason that yolf
say that they can do so by voting then?
Into power, and when you make tijr
your mind that they won't control tint
powers of government, well, they won't
control that power any- longer! For
as you know, parliaments are made by
votes, and, it bo happens, the working
class has the majority ot those votes.
And when you do this the capitalist
class wont- have any power behind!
them when they say that they own
the means of production whereby tbey
rob you of the fruits of your labor,
Then, the workers owning the mean*
of production, their labor power will
cease to be a commodity. The workers will enjoy the full product ot their
labor.
Do you think that you deserve the
full product of your labor? Of course
you do! Then' Vote for the Socialist
Party, which alone stands for it. ,■
But what about the other parties,
don't they. Interest you with their
platforms, programs and "Issues"?
Not a bit. What interests you is th*'
fact that you are being robbed a* * .
producer by the present system of cap*
itallsm. All political parties other
than the Socialist, are supporters of
capitalism. No matter whether they
label themselves Liberal, Tory of a*
in some cases in places where llifl
workers are getting conscious of theftf*
position—the co-called "Labor" porf¥i-
Make no mistake, the Socialist Vixtf
alone advocates Socialism and it only
will destroy capitalism in the interests
of the working class alone!
. ,     Wm, DAVENPORT.
Q RAWING*
who wore brass buttons discreetly
kept to the other side of the street
till our meeting was over. With the
exception of an interruption from the
short stumpy, well-dresRed hoodlum,
with the goatee, who sits in the editorial chair of Moncton's two by four
newspaper, the meeting was not disturbed. Another victory for Free
Speech.,
Yours In the Revolution,
CLARENCE V. HOAR.
The Committee has decided to rat-
fie a set of the "Library ot Original
Sources," the proceeds to go to the
Clarion Maintenance Fund. This work
is valued at $54.00. Tickets may be Obtained of the Dominion Secretary,
price $1.00.     '...,
Drawing to take place about Newt
Years.
To the man of limited opportunities
and scanty leisure, blessed or other' -
wise with an enquiring turn of mind
all short cuts or reliable resume's to
the accumulated experiences of tne
race must prove Invaluable.
The library of Original Sources tt
such a resume. It is a work ln 10 large
volumes giving the more important
or outstanding doctments that hare-
helped to influence mankind from the
age of the Babylonians and' Assyrians
to our own time.
The systems of thought as obtaining -
among these; tbe Egyptians, Joan,
Brahmins and Buddlsts, and the
Psalms of Zoroaster and the sayings Of
Confucius, are set forth in the fir. t volume.
In the next we meet with the frank
and fearless early Greek thinkers, seen
Pythagoras,    Heraclitus,  Socrates
and Demokritus; the giant   Aristotle
and tbe subtle Plato.
In the third volume we are intra.
duced to the - Reman world with its
complex legalities; and bo on down
through the middle ages to our owo
time.
Time and space forbid a more et-
tended review: suffice it to say that
all departments of human activity,
whether artistic, religious, philosophl-'
cal, political or economic are here seti-
forth and illuminated by the master".-
geniuses of tin- race:
To read these volumes ls to whet the
curiosity that Is the essence of living;
and increases the desire for a state?
of society where larger opportunities'
will be afforded for a closer Intitnaejf
with the arts and sciences.
A ticket in this drawing will' dot
only help to bring closer that era toy"
aiding in the upkeep of the cist-lee,,,
but will give the holder a chance" of
acquiring, In these volumes, something,
of a foretaste now. '. «.*wp
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9th, 1909
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9th, 1909
ECONOMIC ORGANIZATION.
The historic achievement of capitalism has been to organize the workers
Into the ordered ranks of a co-opera-
.. tire army of labor.   That alone is the
.   excuse for its evil presence upon the
,   earth.    That has been its appointed
task, the way having been  prepared
■   by lne systems of society which pre-
v   ceded  it.    By co-operative labor  the
i   productivity of the human race has
been multiplied to the point necessary
to make the race's final emancipation
possible.
The- tree  savage  or  the  barbarian
;. produced for himself alone. It Is true,
.. but, with limited means ot production
.  at his command and ever at the mercy
. ot tbe elements, his whole effort was
absorbed in the mere struggle for an
existence and his field for development
wee thereby restricted.
Chattel slavery gave at least a portion ef tbe race leisure for the acquisition of the knowledge essential for
..{Briber advancement, yet, ln that its
(lifter was enforced and not voluntary,
|t lacked that among other essentials
(o associated effort. ■
A Bare complete settlement ot the
countries and the consequent restric-
(ton of the avenues of escape tor the
.•laves made serfdom possible, wherein
(|he laborer was an attachment to the
mail;  tad the  monopolization  of the
■ |pp6 cleared the Way for the "freeing"
. ot the workers, which really meant the
.. freeing of the masters from the cares
. ami obligations of property in workers.
Freed from all hitherto existing res-
, treats and hindrances, the workers
i.Btjw, under the lash of hunger, could be
, eonpelled to group themselves about
, the newly devised machinery; to sub-
vjaSt to be drilled and disciplined into
.an obedient, reliable  army,  keeping
step with, the machinery of production; each seeking odt voluntarily his
task and performing it to the best of
hts ability, a unit In the economic or-
-  gsarisatlon, the working, class.
}tot only bas capitalism, through organisation, vastly enhanced the pro-
daetlvity of tbe workers, but, like the
systems which preceded it, lt
furnished the means for its own
action. It has 'artayed the work-
against Itself, and It has so per-
their organization that it, the
•fSBnfxer has become 'superfluous.
||s whole history has been one of
Strife And thereby it has trained
fhe workers not only to work together,
bat to fight together. Out of the very
defeats it has inflicted upon them, It
1MB taught-them valuable lessons. It
lias driven them from position after
yaaHJon on the Industrial field, and
iM the good work goes on.
heritably the 'scene of battle must
•kitt to the political field, and there
wtll take place a titanic struggle, be-
SMe whieb the previous conflicts will
appear but preliminary skirmishes,
the class struggle for the mastery el the earth; a struggle
quarter will neither be asked'
' given; a struggle from which the
with their numbers, with the
arjgsaliatlon with Which capitalism
In* endowed them, with all economic'
behind, them, caii but emerge
r~i'lsto'a imw dra wherein the
productivity of the economic organize
tasn ahall serve the producers and Man
shall at last be free to enjoy that which
throagb ages of slow and painful evo-
tatkm be has upbuilded and which he
has through, measureless tribulation Inherited-
"This Society, being founded on the
principle that war is contrary to true
religion, sound morality and the best
interests of humanity, shall have for
its object the promotion of universal
peace by means of arbitration and by
cultivating the spirit of peace and
goodwill   among  men."
That "peace and goodwill" proposition does seem to have a somewhat
familiar ring. Didn't somebody come
down from heaven with the express
purpose of promoting "peace on earth
and goodwill to men" close on two
thousand years ago? Didn't seem to
have made much of a hit, does he?
Not even with his own chosen min
iBters of grace, for not a few of them
are army chaplains. Well, maybe he
will do better when he comes again
In the meantime, no doubt, the
Peace and Arbitration Society will do
the best It can by more "practical"
methods. We have not the slightest
doubt that Its members are perfectly
sincere, ln this matter at any rate,
for, as their circular points out, war
"destroys commerce," and they belong
to the "commercial classes," and furthermore It Increases the burden of
taxation and they are taxpayers. So
why should they not be opposed to
war?
But as for us whose commerce is
confined to the sale of our life force,
for which we receive but the cost of
our subsistence, and who therefore
cannot be further burdened with taxation, what need we care whether our
masters go to war or dwell together
In peace and amity? True, it is members of our class who have to do the
fighting; but there is nothing to compel them to go, and If they go of their
own free will, there will be so much
the less for the over-worked fool-killer
to do at home. Those who come back
alive may bring with them some
knowledge that may prove useful in
future contingencies.
The peace propagandists point to
the enormous number of people who
are killed and crippled in war, but
that number dwindles into insignificance besides the annual slaughter
that takes place in the industrial field,
for "peace hath her victories, no less
than war."
The only war we are'lnterested In ls
the coming class war, the war between the workers and their masters,
the struggle for the ownership of the
earth. In that war arbitration will not
avail; there will be nothing to arbitrate; nothing to compromise on.
Either the workers must overthrow
their masters and be free or else continue to be slaves.
Ever they cry, "Peace, Peace," where
there is no peace, and no possibility
of peace; naught but hourly, and unceasing strife; where all humanity is
as Ishmael, every man with his band
turned against his fellow, ln the base,
sordid struggle for a scanty living or
for wealth to waste. Not until the
last gun is fired in the last class
struggle will Earth or her children
know peace. Then, with the passing
of trade and commerce, of robbery and
exploitation, will pass the incentive to
war, and "peace on earth and goodwill
to men" will become a possibility.
and could believe themselves to be acting ln the best interests of the community as a whole, labor included.
Under these circumstances there
seems to be but one course open to the
workers, that is to take a tip from
their masters and, if they want anything done for them, to get in and do
it themselves. While there are two
classes in society, one or the other
must rule the roost; it is clear that
they cannot both rule and lt ls a cinch
that the one that ls on top cannot be
expected to legislate in favor of the
other and against Its own Interests, no
matter how conscientious Its legislators may be.
If then it is up to the workers to
take action on their own behalf, It Is
essential that they should know what
action they may take to best conserve
their interests. In order that they
may better their conditions, they must
first have some understanding of what
their conditions actually are. This
understanding they can arrive at only
through an examination of the structure of the form of society in which
they live, in order that they may discover the cauBe and cure of their
afflictions.
Such an examination would show
them that society ls divided into two
classes one of which owns the means
whereby are produced all the things
whereon we live, and that there is a
spice of truth in the supposition of the
old party politician that the Interests
of society as a whole are wrapped up
in the interests of the ruling class;
that if they make it hot for the masters, they make It hotter than before
for themselves; that the structure of
society is such that any easement of
the burden is always compensated by
an increase elsewhere; in short, that
capitalist society holds within itself no
solution for the problems which confront us, and that only In the abolition
of that form ot society does there lie
any hope.
TRAMP8 TOILERS AND TOUTS.
As a fit subject for invective and
the butt of alleged jokes, the tramp
continues to hold as prominent a place
as ever, the one time danger of being
superseded by that other villan "the
criminal trust" having happily passed.
Denouncing the tramp as an enemy
of society Is frequently the pastime
of those other parasites on society
whose chief function Ib to live well on
the fruits of others' toll. These kind
people generally grow more vehement
against idleness as the distance between them and the necessity of ever
doing anything useful themselves In-]
written "Hands wanted" either in the
mills or elsewhere, gome of the more
fortunate ones dig up money enough
to pay their fares on the train, but 1
have never yet found out why it is
that most of them seek out the worst
car on the train to ride in; on the
boats too they generally know where
to find the dirtiest cabin with the hard
seats and bad smell.
There Is another feature about many
of the Washington mills that Is worth
noting, lt ls that equal wages are
paid for the same job no matter what
the color or nationality may be. Now
I dlstlncly remember that previous to
tbe last election In this province, this
very idea of equal payment was put
forward as one of the numerous solutions of the Asiatic problem, so I tried
to find out how it worked. It appeared
to me that the white worker in Wash
lngton didn't see the virtue of the action as I had thought he might. He
seemed to be Buffering from a loss of
dignity. Was there some thing in the
old scale that tended to prove the
white man's superiority to the extent
of at least 26 to 50 cents per day? AIbo
was there some satisfaction in having
a brick handy labelled "standard
lng" to hurl at the first Hindoo, Jap
or Chink that got too fresh?
It being no longer true that the
chap with pigment ln his skin was
cutting wages, they had to look around
for a new reason to base the Idea of
superiority on. I heard complaints
that these Asiatics didn't work as hard
as the white man, and I looked about
me to see If any winked or smiled, I
knew none laughed though I felt like
lt myself. No tbey were all serious,
so I thought I had better keep to my
self my opinion that If the Hindoo am
Jap worked less for bis 17 1-2 to 21
cents per hour than the white mat
did for the same wage, then, by al
the rules of logic, had the Hindoo and
Jap raised the relative wage to the
extent of the difference In his and
the white man's output and was there
by entitled to tell the white slave that
lt was he now who was cutting the
wage. Anyway I think the white workers might as welt quit talking of a
standard of living, this peculiar yard
stick that seldom ls three feet loAg
and which is always trying to get down
to one.
I made mention of the A.-Y.-P.,
awhile back, and after looking it
over, I didn't particularly know what
the Exposition had to do either with
Alaska or the Yukon. I suppose it
had to have a name and one excuse Is
as good as another. A mere show of
this description is a kind of reflection
of the real material Interest outside.
Socialist Directory
g/gf Every Local of the Socialist Party ol
Canada should run s card under this head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
DOKTBIOV XXBOUTIYB OOMMRTBE,
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver.
B. C.
       COLUMBIA	
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKenile, Secretary,
Box 836. Vancouver, B. C.
AX.BBBTA   VBOTTJI0XAX,   BI1IOBTIVB
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every slternste Moudsy In
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in th* province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box   647  Calgary, Alta.
Manitoba    PBorareaaz,    	
tlve Committee. Meeta first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to th*», movement
Secretary, J. w. Araer. 748 Victor stteet.
Winnipeg.   Man
OBTABIO    PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee. Meets in Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary. 940 P.ipe Ave.;
G. Colombo, Italian Org., 324 Clicstmit St.
LOCAL  VABCOTJVEB, HO. 1,  B. T. OX
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836,
LOCAL BOSSLABB, Wo. 36, 8. T. OT O.
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunda;
7:30
Box
m.
A.  McLeodr"secy'.'"i}r  o
Rossland    Finnish   Branch
766 Rossland,
Sebble,
B. C.
Secy., P. o. Box
LOCAL PRINCE ROPKRT, B C -Meetsevery
Sunday at 8 p. m., 011 the street corners snd
various halls. J B. Kiug, Sec.
LOOAL LADTSMXrm BO.  10, 8. T.  OP
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Av*.
Parker, Williams, Sec., Ladysmith, B. C
LOCAL BERLIN, ONT., NO. 4 S. P. OF C—
meets every second aud fourth Wednesday
evening, at 8 p.m., 55 Kiug St, east opposite
Market Hotel. H. Martin, Secy. 61 Weber St.
east.
LOOAL WBLSON, 8. T. OB C, MBBTB
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Seoy.
LOCAL VBOBBXE, BO. S, 8. T.
meets every Sunday at  8:30 p.
Miners'   Hall.    Matt Halliday,   Organizer
H. K. Macimiis, Secy.
or 0H
I*
LOOAL    INWIWrAIL,    ALTA.,   BO.   3—
Charter hangs in secretary's log
shack, Hardscrabble Knncli, 12 miles
West of Bowden. Business meetings
twice a month. Capitalism vs. Socialism continually being debated by the
Eeneral public and members of the
>ocal. Sky pilots and tlunkey polti-
clnns cordially Invited to call and participate in the sport. Secretary, S. W.
Welch.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, B.C.. NO. 45, FINNISH
—Meets every second and fourth Thursday in
the month at 151 Hastings St. W. Secretary,
Matt Martina
LOOAL OALOABT, ALTA., WO. 4, B. V.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
ana Reading Room, McTavlsh Block,
817 Second St. E. Opposite Imperial Ho.el
Freds Faulkner, Org., Box 647; J. Gibba
Secy., Box 647.
LOOAL VICTORIA, BO. 3,  8. T. Or O.I
Headquarters and Reading Room.
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.
'as  Mcliidoe. Secy.    Room 1, 1.119 Quveru
ment St
creases.   However we don't meet with
I That Interest being the necessity of a
HONESTY VERSUS IMPOSSIBILITY
•JOTHINQ TO ARBITRATE.
We are fn- receipt of a pressing Invitation to join the "Canadian Peace and
ejrBttration Society" and to do a little
laeating for It. Although we are not
1 so warlike an Individual as most
seem to be, judging from the
taBlrnie tone of their writings, rather
Qian from their records, yet we can
aardly say that we are exactly In sympathy with the alms and objects of the
above society.
Tbe object df the society, as set
forth in Its constitution Is that:—
The Toronto "Lance" has recently
been devoting eeveral columns to puncturing the hide ot Comrade Phillips
Thompson and ln the course of
Its remarks suggests that ln the mean-
time, there are things to be accomplished by tbe trades unionist and the
labor reformer, though it ls discreetly I
silent as to the methods whereby they
as It elsewhere expresses itself as
are to achelve their ends. However,
loth to believe that all old party politicians are as venal as Com. Thompson
represents, we may assume that something is to be hoped for from that direction, possibly something after the
fashion of Sammy Gompers' brilliantly
successful policy of "rewarding our
friends and belaboring our enemies."
It seems to us, however, that the
question of the probity of the politicians Is altogether beside the point.
Even were every politician as honest
as the man Diogenes waa looking for
with his stearlne search-light, it does
not appear that we would be very
much better off. They would be members or retainers ot the capitalist
class, and as such their actions would
be dominated by their class Interests,
consciously or unconsclouly. Their
claps interests being diametrically opposed to those of the working class,
they could hardly be expected to look
with much favor on the proposals of
well—trades unionists and labor reformers for the betterment of the conditions of the workers; to the contrary,
such proposals would naturally constitute In their eyes a menace to society,
for the best Interests of their own
class must neceessarlly appear to them
as the best interests of society as a
whole. A shorter work-day, a fatter
pay-envelope, and so forth, would represent a dlmlnultion of profit, which
would tend to "drive capital out of the
country," which again, would not only
be "bad for trade," but, as lt is "capital that gives labor employment,"
would be very tough on labor. Therefore our hypothetical honest politicians
would quite conscientiously resist the
demands of the workers for betterment lest worse should befall them,
many ot this degree.    It Is different
with the joker, he ls always around
and quite numerous oh the railways.
Just   recently   in   journeying  from
Vancouver   toward   the    "Evergreen
State"  someone on the train opened
up by remarking that the hoboes on
the track going south were bound to
take   in   the  A.-Y.-P.,   whilst  another
suggested   they   might   be   going  to
shake hands with President Taft, and
one or two others kept on with like
humor."   We were at this time 125
miles north of Seattle, not having yet
crossed  the  boundary  line—rather a
long hike—and I though they put an
extremely low estimate on the intelligence of the tramps, even as a joke.
This was before I bad seen the Exposition myself.   Afterwards, I was surej
of It, and also that there were bigger
fools on the train than off.   President
Taft I did not see, the fat stock show
not taking place till some days later.
Again, down around Olympia, a fel
low   travellor  said  something  about
there being a lot of thieves about, I
supposed he referred to the blanket
itlffs we had been passing for the last
.20 miles, so I replied that most people
paid so much attention to the little
thieves  that the big ones  invariably
escaped.   I was not aware at that very
moment the representatives of the big
thieves were there in session at the
State Capitol, so perhaps I was mistaken and my friend really meant the
State Republican convention.   Had lie
remained on the train I could have
assured him that there was no connection between the tramps I thought he
meant and the gang at Olympia.
In this city things looked pretty
brisk; the brewery out at Tumwater
was especially busy and the hotels and
rooming houses had removed for the
time being all their "for rent" signs.
The town was full and It looked as if
before long a large part of the inhabitants would be full too.
The lumbering Industry ls the chief
capitalist enterprise in the manufacturing line in Western Washington.
Anyone who knows much about this
business is aware that for long or
short periods, a large number of the
mills and camps etc., are shut down.
I believe more things can happen to
stop a mill running than In most any
other Industry. The consequence of
this is that lt Ib easily first In putting
men "on the bum." That working-
man's fetish, a steady job is—at least
In the country mills—practically unknown and strings of workers are constantly hiking along the track from
one mill to another ln search of a
purchaser of their labor power. After
this kind of thing occurs often enough
to become chronic, some of them cease i
to bog for jobs or to leek at signs j
swarm of business men in Seattle to
attract to that vicinity as large a nuni
ber as possible, of persons with a
surplus of cash, that these people
might rid themselves of it right there
instead of spreading lt over too large
an extent of territory, as they would
do without such an inducement.
If  there  Is   really  anything  to   be
learned of Alaska or the Yukon, It can
be gained quite as easily outside the
gates as within.   The vast difference
between that icy country when it first
sprang Into fame and at the present
time, speaks eloquently of the rapidity of capitalist  expansion.    Twelve
years ago when I saw the ships steam
away from tbe wharves for the North
it was to the land of gold, the poor
man's Eldorado, a   supposed   escape
from    wage   slavery.     Observe    the
change that   interval   of   time   has
wrought.   To-day Alaska and the Yukon Is tbe Und par excellence of Capital ; the great corporations have gathered it ln for the Investment of some
of the surplus wealth wrung from labor
elsewhere.   The wage slave Is there,
and as here, Ib exploited to the limit,
and with him has arisen that other
capitalist institution, the soup house. '
It is astonishing what a lot of people
take apparent.  Interest in gaping at
things they don't want or haven't the
money to buy.   I was Informed that
the Exposition    was    a   success.    II
really ought to be.   The exhibit of
Oall struck me as worth the four bits
to get In; the rest of the exhibits didn't matter.   A Comrade In a previous
number of the Clarion spoke of the
Iggorrotes, I didn't get that far down
the Pay Streak, the doleful singing of
"Beautiful   Eyes"   and   the   listless
shuffle of a bunch of counterfeit minstrels, drove me back towards the exit
glad to get away from the exposition
and escape from the town Itself, far
enough perhaps to where something approximating   beauty   still    remained
amidst the surrounding desert of artificiality.
O. RAYNER.
LOOAL  KAWAIMO, BO. 3,  8.  T.  ot C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall, Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock|
Jack Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box  US.
LOOAL   TBBBXB,   8.   T.   of   O,   BOLD8
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle.
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting flrst Sunday ln each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster.  Sec.   Box  164.
LOOAL OBBBBWOOD WO. S, 8. t. or
C, meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. T. McKay, Secretarp Pro
Tem.
LOOAL VSBBOB, B. O., BO. SS, 8. V. Of
C. meets every Friday night at 7:80
In Tlmmtns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Oeo. W. Paterson, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOOAL BBTBLSTOXB, B. 0., WO. 7, 8.
T. ot O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. ni.. the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room over
old post offlce, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Oayman,
Secretary: W, W. Lefeaur. Organiser.
LOOAL BBLLBVUB, ALTA., WO. IS, 8.
P of C, meets every flrst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOOAL    COLBMAW,     ALTA.,    WO.    8.
Meets every Sunday night ln the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. 1.
Smith, Secy.
LOOAL BDatOBTOB,  ALTA., WO. 1, 8.
P. of C. Meeta every Thursday at S
p.m., In Trades and Labor Hall.
Fourth St. Busnesa and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.: R. MacQuarrl*.
Organiser, 623 Second St
looal wiawzrao, a. v. or O. —
quarters Jtloudyke block, corner of Pacific
and Kiug Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cumming*, Organizer.
Jaa.   W.   Amer,
street.
Secretary, jj6 Maryland
LOOAL TOBOBTO, 8. T. OB O—BBO-
ltah   Branch. Business    meeting*
every second and fourth Thursday In each
month, st Finish Hall, 114 Adelaide Street W.
Speakers-' Class meets every Tuesday st 134
Hogarth Ave. Will. R. Hllbert, Rec. Sec., 4»
Beverley Street.
LOOAL  COBALT,   WO.   S,   8.   T.  Or  O.
Propaganda    and    bus'—
•very Wednesday at 8
Propaganda and business meeting*
•very Wednesday at 8 p.m. '-* "'' '
Hall.    Everybody   Invited
in. In Miner*'
 ,.       Jd   to   attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy.. Box. 446.
LOOAL I»OBT MOODT, B. O.,
8.  T.  ot C.—Business  meeting*
Sunday  tn  each   month.    1.   V.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
BO.  41.
flrst
Hull.
LOOAL   MOWTBBAL,   QWB.,   WO.   1,   B.
r.   of  0 Meets   ln   Labor   Hall.   St.
Dominique street, Sunday* at 3 p. m.
HeaequartersNo. 1 St. Charles Borromee St
Otto Jabn Secretaay, 538 Chausse.
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in j British
Columbia
Executive Board Member        ....      Wm. Dsvidson, Sanden
DISTRICT A8SOCIAi:ON   NO. 6.
President
Vice-President
Seeretsry-Treasurer
No,      Nsme Meeting
Night
Pre*.
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
The*. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sanden
Sec'y. P.O. Add.
Box
Atlln    	
.Camborne ..
grand Fork*
reenwood   .
Hedley   	
Kaslo   	
Kimberly ..
Lardeau ....
Marysvllle
7!lMoyl*' 	
»6 Nelson ....
SlPhoenlx
Rossland   ..
Sandon   ....
[Sllverton   ...
Slocan   .....
Texada   ....
Trail M * M
Vmlr   	
8. U.
Wed
Wad
Bat
Wad
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Bat
Wad
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Mon
W*u 1
Wm. Wtnslow....
Patrick O'Ceuuor	
Charles  Blre*....
|C. Bennett	
Mike McAndrews.
Joe Armstrong	
Fred Mellett*....
B. Lundln  	
Malcolm McNeill.
Paul Phillip*....
K. Silverthorn...
J. A. McKinnon..
L. R. Mclaaus...
Robert Malroy...
Blair Carter.....
O. B. Mcintosh..
Wm. Hesketh	
A. Burgess	
:C. Qalrns	
James Tobln 	
,W. K. Haddeu	
Ctoo.   Heat her ton.
T.   H.  Rotherham,
H. T. Rainbow	
A. E. Carter	
Chas.  Short	
J.  Hay*   '
James Roberts	
F. Phillip. 	
W. A. Plckard	
Geo. Casey	
A.   Shilland	
Fred Llabscher...
D. B. O'Neatll....
T. T. Rutherford..
F.   D,   Hardy	
W.   B.  McUaac...
12
M,
134
42
3»1
Ol
12
36
106
284
421,
K
861
80
888
877
506
Discovery
.Camborne
Grand  Forks
Greenwood
Kimberly
Ferguson
&'"•
Nelson
Phoenix
Rossland
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
van And*
Trail
Tmlr
Whtth Rsedon SneUntm
S; Oaarlss H. Esrr. Editor of lbs loUrosHoaal
SooMUst Heflsw. Hiatr bsaaHfaUr prints*
suss, wish man) portraits of soolsllst wrltsn,
laclsasa a sunpU. concise essuawel of ths Hta.
stales of socialism. Oaa cap/ fas* on rssasit.
» nulled tor 10c: 100 for 8I.W11«0 for 81*8*7
OHAM.U H. KIM st OO.
isa Ktmtim treat, Ohloaaa, III.
C. PETERS pr,cflal •##'
M.     rt.IK.nsJ   jjjaa^B.jta,
Hsnd-Made Boots and Shoe* to order In
all styles.   Repairing promptly aad neatly
ty done,    stock or staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand,
 MM WasMtaltr An.
ATEIMT S
HiE.TiBHia^»ws:o
we souci. ine Business of Manufacturers,
*>S<»«T«j"dotherswho realise the edvisabU-
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Tnaoc Marks
Dcsisns
_^^^^^^_   Copyrights 4c.
Anyone sending a akeloh and description roar
(.nlcklr ascertain our opinion free whether on
invention IS probably patentable. Cr
tlons strictly confidential. HANDBOOK
'ommunlca.
"'stents
.ents.
reeelvs
-.- lotly^ ...„,„„.„ ....
sunt free. Oldest aaepoy for securing nati
Patents taken throuah Munn t Co. 1
special notlM, without chars*, In the
Scientific American.
A hfiiifliomely IllaitrtUfjd weekly, f .nrtreit circulation ot mnj iOltntlOo Journal, Term*. $8 a
renr; four months, #t Bold by all newnrtenleri.
Bruob Offloe, «S* F SU WWilOffton, D. C.
bySxptrta.^PreHraiM^adviceftee. Chargea
********* 0*r Inventor'. Adviser teat upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York Life Bid*.
NEW SOCIALIST GAME
*BAa&%siia's»n>n2£.
propaganda,
suillf cau pUj Ii.
• ■tt-ai, OhlCatO, HI
TYQLAISET CANADASSA
Jos   tahdotte jotakin   tietaa
tyovssn puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"Tyokansa"
Six 197, rVt Arttur, Ost.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, joke taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Makua 8li088lua, |I.S0 vaoslhtrta
"TsMsaka" Maksaa, |l.25
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
R. P. PETTIPIECE
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphons
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C —s———sa—aiqf
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9th, 1909
THE   WESTERN   CLARION
VANCOUVER.   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
THRU
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, 'Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
PRICE  LIST  OF   SUPPLIES.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)  $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each    01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform  and   application  blank
per 100   26
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto in Ukrainian, per 100 60
Ditto in Italian, per 100 60
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
DOMINION EXECUTIVE.
Meeting October 4th, 1909.
Present Comrades Mengel, (chairman) Morgan, Klngsley, Peterson and
the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved,    i
Correspondence dealt with from
Ontario, Manitoba, and Alberta Executives; from Locals Montreal, Que.,
Brandon, Man., Reglna, Sask., and from
Organizers O'Brien, Gribble and Fillmore.
Charters granted Locals Halifax and
Winnipeg (German).
Receipts.
Brandon, Stamps   % 2.00
Manitoba Exec. Supplies    10.00
B. C. Executive Supplies    25.00
Halifax   Charter   Fee     6.90
Clarion Maintenance Fund  51.85
Total .. 195.75
Warrants ordered drawn for printing $20.00; Clarion Card $1.00; Deficit
$59.40; Secretary's September salary,
$15.00; Postage and Express, $3.00.
Secretary Instructed to circularize
Locals regarding the formation of a
fund for the publishing of pamphlets.
B. C. PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Meeting October 4th, 1909.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Moyie, Phoenix, Revelstoke, Nanalmo, Victoria, Courtenay and Sointula. Com. S. Moen, admitted as member at large.
Receipts.
Local Courtenay, Stamps  $ 4.00
Local Victoria, Stamps     10.00
Local  Nanalmo,   Stamps      10.00
Local Revelstoke, Ass'mt & Supplies       8.75
Local   Phoenix (Finnish),' Supplies     7.00
Local Moyie,  Supplies       2.95
Member at Large, dues     1.00
Total $43.70
Warrants ordered drawn for Clarion Card, $1.00; Supplies from Dominion Executive, $25.00; Secretary's September salary, $15.00.
ONTARIO PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Regular meeting September 22nd,
1909.
Present Comrades, Lindala, Zalkind,
Watkinson and secretary. Com. Zalkind, chairman.
Minutes of last regular meeting
read and approved as read.
Communlcatlens from Locals Ottawa, Brantford, Toronto English, Wood-
Stock, Com. Beal, of Lindsay; C. Well-
man ot Sarnla Tunnel and Com. Low-
tblan, of Elk Lake, were dealt with.
On motion, a charter was granted
to Elk Lake Comrades to be known as
No. 23.
On motion, $10.00 was ordered sent
to Com. Fillmore to assist the eastern
Comrades.
On motion, the regular meeting
night was changed from the 2nd and
4th Wednesday to the 1st and 3rd Monday.
The following bills were allowed:
To Wllshlre Book Co  .$ 1,00
Duty      .26
Sec'y Salary for September— 10,00
Hambly Bros Printing    5.00
Eastern Organizing Fund   10.00
Total $28.26
Receipts.
Toronto Italian Br. Due Stamps $ 2.00
Toronto Jewish Br. Due Stamps    5.00
Toronto Finnish Br. Due Stamps  10.00
Toronto English Br. Convention
Assessment     12.75
Party Buttons     1.50
Port Arthur Lettish Due Stamps    4.00
Ottawa Assess $7.50; Due Stamps
$3.00;   Supplies  $2.02 12.52
Brockvllle Due Cards 45
Elk Lake Charter    6.00
Total $54.22
P. C. YOUNG,
Prov. Sec'y
CLARION  FINANCIAL STATEMENT
(September.)
Expenditures:
Printing Five Issues  $225.00
Mailing         9.75
Total Expenditures $234.75
Receipts:
Subs    $153.35
Advertisements and Cards...    22.00
Deficit        69.40
Total
$234.75
CLARION   MAINTENANCE  FUND.
(Quarterly Statement.)
Receipts:	
Previously acknoweldged  ...$142.00
Local Fernle       17.85
Local Toronto, English     10.00
Local Meeting Creek, Alta...     5.00
Local Bowden, Alta       5.00
Geo. Gunderson      5.00
Alex Susnar       5.00
J. McKenzie 1.00
F. Haigh       1.00
B. J. L       1.00
W. T. Farrell        1.00
July  Surplus         6.40
Total $200.25
Expenditures:
Deficit from last quarter $ 30.30
August Deflictt       64.35
September Deficit       59.40
Deficit for quarter
Balance on hand
$154.05
$ 46.20
VANCOUVER CAMPAIGN FUND.
Are you a worker for Socialism?
If your name is not on the voters'
list you will have to go away back and
sit down with your political equal
the Chink.
Previously Acknowledged    $160.75
Per. Finnish Local, Vancouver .. 12.50
A. Hall        1.00
Laurl  Sato         4.50
Wager    26
F. Huber      5.00
J. Ferguson        1.00
A. Law        1.00
T. Kennedy        1.00
J. McHardy        1.00
A. Tatzlaff       1.00
P. B. Pearson 25
Per. P. Garvey  10.00
P. McQueen        1.00
Total
$200.25
O.  MENGEL.
Treasurer.
LATEST NEWS OF SWEDISH
STRIKE.
CABLEGRAM.
Stockholm, Sept. 29th,  1909.
"Arbetaren, 28 City Hall Place,
Attempts to arbitrate stranded.   Em
ployers' terms unacceptable.   Struggle
continues with all the power the Swedish workingmen can command.   Only
hunger can compel our members to go
back.    We appeal for continued support.   Inform Tholln and Sondgren.
"LAND8SEKRETARIATET,
(Swedish Central Organization.)
"LINDQUI8T."
WHAT   IS  A  SOCIALIST?
The writer In his wanderings, when
trying to Insert another nail in the
coffin of capitalism, has often been
greeted with the question "Well how
do I know you are a Socialist, I have
listened to So-and-So, he calls himself
a Socialist, but his arguments are different from yours?"
Although to the "man in the street"
Socialists appear to be of various kinds
the right to use the name la found in
exactly the same way, as the rlsjit
of any lndlvidsal to use a name which
is Intended to convey an Idea as to
hla abilities In any profession or calling whatsoever.
Various male members of the human
species, at some time in their Uvea,
more especially when In the company
of some Individual Qf the opposite sex,
have conceived the Idea that they were
poets; but after various attempts to
prove It have been forced to give up
the attempt. Why? Because they could
not write poetry.
Other members have been thoroughly convinced that they were "cut
out" for editors but have been compelled to relinquish the idea because
of their inability tl "dish up the dope"
that would Interest their special brand
of readers. And the same holds good
all along the line, whether Doctors or
dishwashers, machinists or matchmakers; they muBt prove their right to the
name before it will be granted to them
by  the  community.
In the case of the Socialist whether
he be a "class-conscious clear-cut revolutionist" or only an honest well-
meaning Fabian, one thing holds good;
they are all working for the time
when the means of production, the
means of producing the necessities of
life, shall be owned by the community
as a whole.
As everyone who cares to investigate win find out, those things are today owned exclusively by the capitalist class. It might appear on the surface that some Individuals such as
farmers, could not be classed as
slaves, but lt will be found that In
such a case they are compelled to
surrender all of their wealth, over and
above a living, into the hands of thoBe
"higher up," so that in the final analysis they are ln the same class as the
workers. I mean farmers who own
and cultivate their land alone or with
the help of their families.
If in the future the "land and tools"
should pass out of the control of the
capitalist class Into that ot the community as a whole, It necessarily follows that in such a community the
workers will be overwhelmingly ln the
majority. Being in the majority and
as no man or woman ever willingly
supported another who was able to
earn his or her living, it natnrally follows that they will make it law that
every able bodied person shall do
something for the benefit of. the community. In other words they will all
be workers. Such a condition will
mean a complete change from "capitalist ownership" to "workers' ownership," and anyone who takes the
trouble to hunt a Webster's dictionary will find that a complete change
constitutes a "revolution." An individual therefore who calls himself a So
clalist but not a revolutionist proves
"right there" that he doesn't know
what he is talking about.
That, however, Is not all. Every
brand of Socialist attacks capitalism.
It logically follows therefore that to
be successful he must understand It.
A so-called Socialist therefor who cannot explain its "economic laws," who
cannot prove beyond a doubt that he
understands why the various articles
In. dally use exchange with each other,
or with gold, ln the way which they
do; the method by which wages are determined; the sources from which
"rent, Interest and profit" Sow, etc.;
cannot expect society to grant him the
right to use a name which his Ignorance proves he has never earned.
To sum up, a Socialist must be a
conscious revolutionist, must understand, to the satisfaction of the com-,
munlty, the economic laws of capitalism, and must work for its overthrow.
Fulfilling those conditions, whether
millionaire or pauper, he is entitled to
the name, and entitled to membership
in the greatest political movement the
world has ever seen.
CHECHACO.
IN   REPLY  TO  8TECHISIN.
Dear Comrade:—
Re an article from the pen of Myr
Stechlsin, and headed, "From a Foreigner's Point of View," In your Usue
of Sept. 25th, I would like to say a few
worda. In the first place I do not Intend going into a detailed reply to the
letter In question, as quite enough
valuable space has already been wasted; yes, wasted in the Clarion, without doing 'any more ink-spllltng or
space-wasting.
I could not, even though I tried, do
any more than cover the same ground
so carefully traversed by Rambler,
Gribble, Fulcher, etc., but I do want
to call Stechlsin "back from the
clouds" on a few points.
The letter In question Ib a tlrude
against the tactics of the S. P. of C.
In general, and Winnipeg Local No.
1 in particular (although veiled In a
somewhat cowardly manner). Says
Myr, "The windy recitations of half-
digested extracts from Marx's writings and revolutionary exclamations
do not suffice to make the teachers of
Socialism.' Certainly not! my dear
Myr.   Who said they did?
The fact remains that although the
so-called Imposslblllsts of Local No. 1
have been handing out the doctrines
of Marx ever since I joined the Party,
and before—digested or half-digested
as the case may be—Myr Stechlain
has never taken Issue with one speak-
IF YOU HAVE
UKRAINIAN
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"Robtftchy} Narod-'
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Stands for a Living Wage)
Vancouver Local 357. ^^B
m
er, and he cannot back out with the
excuse that he ls not proficient ln the
English language, judging by the letter he writes.
Says Myr. again, "Whenever lt came
to deeds the English Revolutionists
were always conspicuous by their absence. (Where were the English revolutionists at the time ot the May Day
demonstration?)
Just consider a little Myr. I take
lt we believe in political action and
candidates for offlce are necessary
evils.
Who ran as candidate at the last
election and lost his "job" as a little business man over lt? Why an
English revolutionary. Who hustled
in the bulk of the money necessary
and Incidental to an election? Why,
ex-secretary—Comrade Thomson and
Tessler, and, with the money drawn
at the meetings conducted by the im-
posaibltsts, this constituted three-
fifths of the entire fund, and I can
prove lt by the accounts still preserved by Comrade Thomson. Who
went to prison recently for a period
of seven days ln the interests of free
speech rather than pay a one-dollar
fine? Why, Comrade Matthews, and
If Myr. wants to claim him as a reformer of an unreformable system,
then he has got some work ahead of
him.
When any labor fakir comes to
town, or a half-dead and rotting
'labor" party puts up a proposition
like the L, R. C. or I. L. P., who goes
to their meetings and knocks their little plans on the head? Why, the
English revolutionists.
As to the May Day parade, Myr.
knows what every Socialist ln Winnipeg knows: that the English Local
was represented equally as well as the
other Locals, and that fully seven-
eighths of the crowd was composed of
Anarchists, Zionists, and God knows
what not, with a bunch of so-called
sympathizers thrown In. Were the
English revolutionists a deficient
quantity at the meeting which followed? Eh, Myr? Did they not take a
good hand in organizing the parade
and meeting, advertising by means of
write-up, etc.?
You are on the wrong tack, Myr.,
and If you are possessed of a burning
desire to attack the English Local, try
some other charge than that of backsliding. The English Local has always been on deck, in calm and storm,
and intends to be on deck, more especially when reform Is blowing in the
breeze.
Myr. objects to a member of the legislature being entrusted with the interpretation of the clause in our platform, "If this Igelslation Is in the interests, etc." He tells us that "the
Party should express itself what kind
of legislation is, in its opinion, in the
Interests of the working class." They
have done so in other countries, Myr.,
and what has been the result? Why
the old parties have patted them on
the back, wined, dined and feted them
because they do not fear and have no
cause to, for a man who rides into the
law factory on the back of a platform
similar to their own. It has been
proved up to the hlit that the more
revolutionary and straight the platform on which a member or mombers
stand, the more eager is the ruling
class to pacify the voice ot revolution
with reform of all kinds. That is a
position which the immediate demanders have never assailed because lt Is
impregnable.
But, Myr., what have the three members of B. C. done to offend you? You
certainly have evaded that point. In
spite of the fact that every member
ot the Party, both revolutionary and
Immediate demanders, have been
watching like so many hawks for a
chance to criticise their conduct, that
chance 1. is never come their way.
Every party member Is ready to
watch the actions of O'Brien when he
crosses the threshold of the Alberta
legislature, and Myr., just you bet
your last dollar that If there Ib a picking to be had for the aBking, O'nrten
will get it, ami more. Send him, or
any other member, along with a bunch
of reforms sticking to their platform
like barnacles, and the capitalist politician wll pick them off, chew thorn.
and spit some of the stuff that slicks
In their molars back at the working
class. And worst of all, such a platform would only give our members an
Invitation to wade In and "pick" for
themselves; mix it with their masters to such an extent that very soon
we should not be able to distinguish
one from the other. That is how ihe
workerB are getting lt In the neck, and
that ls how they will get it here by
adopting any such platform.
In conclusion, Myr., let me express
the opinion that for a comrade who,
ln the main, has held aloof from the
English Local, you write an excellent
letter—an excellent letter, Myr. Mean
time the platform of the English Local ls always (an you know) open to
friend or foe, anil although I cannot
exactly claim you as a friend ln your
present guise, you will always be a
welcome foe, as far as I am concerned.
Let us fight It out al home, Myr., and
have more room for Unterman and
ye editor. They will need it.
Yours In revolt,
W. STEPHEN CUMMINGS.
Winnipeg.
FAIR WAGES.
(Written Specially for the St. John
Standard by Wilfred Gribble.)
Today Is Labor Day. One day in
tbe 365 set aside in honor of labor.
Just one day. To-day thousands of
men, ten of thousands, on this continent will parade the streets, hold
sports or celebrations ln honor ot
labor. Floods of oratory will be pour
ed forth by our "labor leaders" in
honor of labor, and tomorrow we will
get up and go to our dally drudgery,
If we have a job to go to, ln honor of
—capital; and we will spend another
year to Its glory, worship, and aggrandisement.
What has this to do with the subject Indicated by the title of this article? H|
Well, we will see: I have seen a
few Labor Day parades—big ones—
and as I have watched the workers
marching by ln thousands; averaging
fine specimens of manhood, intelligent
workingmen, I have thought invariably what latent power lay In them,
what they could do and would do lt
they only knew enough to use the
power they were exhibiting and to
use it in an effective way. After all
has been said, power is the keynote.
Orators may talk about the rights of
labor till they are black in the face
but unless labor has the power it will
never get its rights, and, having the
power, lt will never get Its rights unless it uses it power in the right
way. Power is right. If labor hasn't
the power, it hasn't the right. If
labor has rights that it hasn't the
power to enforce, what is the use ot
such rights to labor? I watt for a reply.
May  Be  Misquoted.
I make this statement well knowing
that It may be misquoted by being
taken away from its context—that labor has all It is entitled to right now.
When labor uses its power in an effective way and gets more rights lt
will be entitled to them for the simple
reason that It will have them. How
pitiable to hear a working man say,
"I've got rights, but I've been de
prived of them." One might as well
say. "I have a watch, but Its been
stolen from me." Men talk about
their rights to workmen that have
nothing of their own to work on, and
have to Bell their labor power to
those who do own. Thus their labor
power Is a commodity offered for sale
and subjected to tbe same laws of supply and demand as other commodities,
and when unsuccessful peddlers of
labor power talk about their right to
work they are claiming a right to sell
something that no one wants to buy.
A merchant's claim that he had the
right to sell his wares to those who
didn't want them would be just as
logical. Then we' talk—that Is, we
that are foolish enough—about fair
wages. Again risking misquotation, I
say deliberately, that the workers have
fair wages—they have the wages they
have the power to enforce, and, if they
use their power to raise wages then
those higher wages will be fair wages.
If, on the other hand, wages are forced
down because ot an increaselngiy overstocked labor power market, those
wages will be fair.
A Brutal Way.
Seems a brutal way ot looking at It,
doesn't lt? Perhaps some glib talker
about "fair wages" and "fair profits"
will be kind enough to tell us just
what he means by It. What does he
mean by "fair wages?" Does he mean
labor should get 20, 50, or 100 per
cent of Its product? If not, what does
he mean? What does he mean by
"fair profits?" What percentage of the
product Is a "fair profit?" Come now,
let's know just what you do mean. We
working men, we union men, are getting hungry to know. We are getting
tired of this everlasting talk about
tbe "rights of labor," "fair wages,"
'fair profits," and ao on.
We are getting Impatient. Abstract
terms will not supply ua and our wives
nnd children with good clothes, good
houses, good food, and other good
things. You "great" labor leaders
have these things t>ow on your comfortable salaries and we want them
too. We are beginning to see you are
misleaders. We are waking up to our
power to make what rights we choose.
And now let the writer give bis
definition of fair wages, a Socialist
definition: To the workers, the full
product of their associated labor—100
per cent, and of a fair profit, nothing
at all.
How Is this to be brought about?
By the workers using their political
power—mark the word, power— to
possess themselves of the means of
production, to socially own as they
socially use, and so Individually, enjoying what they socially produce.
That's the Socialist answer. Do you
like It?
JVere and Tfow
By "LEEDS"
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
50c per year
Two for a dollar
SPECIALLY FINE FOR PROPAGANDA  WORK.
Six months 25c,
Published at Cowansville, P.Q.
A local paper tries to show that
there ls really a difference between
Liberals and Conservatives. The
may be, but certainly not from a working class standpoint An election in
British Columbia Is drawing near and
if the Capitalist parties can succeed.
In again fooling the workingman with
the Idea that there Is a difference between them they will gain their object
and with it tha elections. Workingmen
of British Columbia keep away from
tbe rag-chewing matches of the two
old parties. Let them scrap' sway
among themselves—it does not concern you ln the least. Your duty ls
to mind your own business, get your
own men nominated, do your own
fighting and elect your own men. A
special campaign edition of the Clarion
will be printed. Every local that Intends to order a supply should lose
no time ln notifying the editor of the
number wanted and when to send
them. The deck Is cleared for action,
every man to his post and let your
motto be no compromise, no quarter
and no surrender until the chains
of wage slavery have been stricken
from the limbs of the last slave.
• a    •
Five yearlles to hand per Comrade
Alex. Susnar, Roslyn, Wash.
Watch carefully the number on the
label of your paper and do not let your
sub. expire.   Always renew on time.
• •   •
Three more wage-slaves tn Toronto
will have an opportunity of studying
their economic interests ln the Clarion. Comrade A. Farmilo was the boy
who put them right.
• a   •
Comrade John Rivers, Sointula, B.
C, can always be depended upon to
deliver the goods. Three yearlles Is
his latest.
• • •
Local Meeting Creek, Alta. donates
$6.00 to tbe Clarion Maintenance Fund
to be paid with new subs.
• »   •
Comrade Alex. McDonald, organiser
for Local Calgary, helps to keep the
the wheels moving with a pair.
• •   •
Three budding revolutionists were
piloted to the editor's desk this week
by Comrade J. O. Morgan, Vancouver,
B. C.
a    •
Comrade F. J. McNey, Gopher Head,
Alta., succeeds ln rustling two yearlles
for "good old reliable Clarion."
• a    •
The following found the price for
a reader each this week:
• •   •
E. G. Hurtulis, Shawnlgan Falls,
Que., Harry Peters, Guelph, Ont., Alex
Lyon, Oakvllle, Ont., W. B. McNeill,
Regina, Bask., H. Colllngwood, Meota,
Sask., Harry Smith, Coleman, Alts.,
Tom Roberts, Ottawa, Ont., O. C. Rob-
son, Vancouver, B. C, Frank Phillips,
Nelson, B. C, J. O. Robertson, Enderby, B. C, Tom Brlggs, Ladysmlth, B.C.,
S. Moen, Kimberly, B. C, O. Mengle,
Vancouver, B. C„ Joe Minora, Vancouver, B. C, C. Condon, Hamilton, Ont.,
Joe Howard, Nepigon, Ont.
a a a
According to tbe Capitalist papers
(the kind supported so well by the
workers) there are only two Political
Parties in B. C—Liberal and Conservative. If the workingmen of the Province have good red blood ln their
veins, instead of dishwater, there will
be but one Party In B. C. after election day, and that wll be the Socialist
Party of Canada,
•   •   a
Electing a man with labor votes
does not make bim a labor representative. (A HCapltallsts are elected with
labor votes). To be a labor representative a man must understand where
and how the worker Is robbed of the
fruit of his labor, and how to stop the
robbery. If ho knows that, he Is a
Socialist, therefore no one can represent labor but a Socialist.
• •   *
Women can hardly be blamed for
not taking much interest in politics,
seeing she has no vote. Even as matters are however, she could become
a strong factor In politics by working
side by side wltb the brother slaves especially during election campaigns.
Don't wait to be coaxed sisters.
ENDORSEMENT.
That this, the Cowdenbeath Branch
of the Social Democratic Party, unanimously endorse the attitude of the
Dominion E. C. of the Socialist Party
of Canada re the Socialist Bureau, as
published In 'Justice,' September 4th,
and earnestly urges all Socialist organization to adopt a slmtliar policy,
with view of ultimately putting to an
end the various pseudo bodies, which
ln the meantime, In the name of Socialism, only mislead the proletariat and
obscure Its essential principles under
the somewhat ambiguous cloak of fake
Labor organizations, who, by discarding the class war, the basis on which
our propaganda ought to reBt, hinder
the Intellectual development of the
workers and prove themselves enemies
lo working-class solidarity.—Justice. FOUR
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
BUNCOMBE'S  TRIUMPH.
Truly, it was a sight for ye gods to
behold! Three thousand workingmen
in a capitalistic procession publicly
proclaiming their bondage. And all
this through the "red herring" budget
with which the plutocrats have played
with us so long. Surely the workers
love to be gulled!
Something was needed in Scotland
to arouse enthusiasm ln the hearts
and minds of a starving people and so
the masters got up a Budget demonstration on Saturday afternoon and Invited the workers to join in. And the
workers swallowed the bait, came in
by the thousands and spread themselves with shame. What a pitiful
sight it was to behold these horny-
handed sons of toll rubbing shoulders
with their exploiters. How the crowd
cheered as they saw the slaves march
lng behind their masters in brotherly
companionship!?) and yet, how sad.
Men with wages which ranged from
4 to 8 pence per hour were painfully
trying to look cheerful In their patched
and shoddy raiment. Women who had
perhaps never before ridden behind a
team of horses tried to look happy,
seated on top of the big brake, forgetting, or trying to forget their slum
homes for the time being. Children bedecked in gauzy finery and tinsel, waved flags and sang songs on floats that
were owned by the same masterB who
owned their fathers. And all these
insults to please the Liberal-Labor
combination with their fake cry,
"down with the landowners." This
combine, "the greatest aggregation
ever gotten under one tent," as P. T.
Barnum would have put it, gathered
together to advertise their affection.
There were trade unionists, independent laborites, co-operative societies,
fraternal bodies, liberal associations,
Fabians and in fact, every stray organization that could be coaxed or
cajoled into joining the motley throng.
First of all came the Glasgow Trade
Council marching behind a big brass
band, bearing a huge banner on which
was inscribed the legend, "Solidarity
of Labor." This piece of humor was
appreciated all along the line of march.
Then came the House and Ship Painters closely followed by the Bakers who
bore a large coffin labeled "Landlord
Ism." After these tramped the Young
Scots' Association, with bag pipes
playing and a motto which read, "Back
the Budget." A large co-operative society had a float on which sat a wage
slave attired in ducal robes bearing
the inscription "Tax the idler and not
the Worker." After this came the
Printers, the Carpenters and Joiners,
the United Irish League, a Masonic
Society, the Boot and Shoe workers,
Farmers, Municipal employees, Farriers, Tinplate & Sheet Metal workers,
who carried a bannerette reading, "We
Mean Business." Another big Co-operative Society was represented by a
half-dozen gaily bedecked wagons
which set forth its prosperity and
that ot its shareholders. This was followed by the Independent Labor Party
which carried a banner urging, "Workers of all lands to unite," and which
caused the aforesaid workers to either
blush or grin according to individual
temperament. Then came the Saw
Mill operatives, Upholsters, Slaters,
and Laborers, who were amongst those
who "also ran."
Interspersed between all this intelligence were brass bands and bag
pipers and last but not least, the Mast
ers and slave drivers who rode in carriages. Tbe various Liberal associations, some eminently respectable and
some otherwise, rode In big brakes
(which were be-plastered with such
buncombe as "The landlords fall, the
workers rise," and again "Free land,
free trade and free men." This last
one was however as wee bit raw and
did not get many cheers or much applause. Tbe Scottish Liberal Worn-
ans Association gave tbe ladles a ride
on top of a big bus which evidently
pleased the ladles as much as the new
"Worth gown" which they will get
after the Liberal Party gets its Budget In working order.
There was a big turnout from the
two large locomotive shops in Spring-
burn and these knights of the hammer
and sledge received a royal ovation
from the crowd. They carried little
working models Illustrating the various departments in which they spent
their dajys of slavery. The Loco
motive engineers and firemen also
did nobly as they almost Invariably do
on occasions like this. Then there
came more bag pipers, another brass
band and a few lesser organizations
and the parade was over.
They   marched   down   to   Glasgow
Green  where   the  orators  and  spell
binders filled them up with the great
things the Liberal Party will do for
them in days to come. How pathetic
it all seemed as they listened to the
dope that was handed out to them
and how much sadder will be the
awakening. It seems that the workers must ever learn through long and
bitter experience and truly this dose
will be a most bitter one once the
sugar coating wears off the quack pill
which the Liberal Labor coterie has
administered  to  them.
However, perhaps after the crisis
the recovery will be rapid and meanwhile, though the end is not yet in
sight the Red Flag files higher than
ever before.
Yours for the revolt.
ROBT. E. SCOTT.
Glasgow, Scotland. September 19, 1909.
FIFTY YEAR8 OF WAGEDOM.
GREAT BOOKS
-BY-
GREAT MEN
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 25c, by mail
—Merrie England; Britain for the
British, Blatchford. 20c. each by
mail,   Seed far Catalogae.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
It has been said that the searcher
after truth seeks a creed to suit his
reason while a sophist looks for reasons to support his creed. The Hon.
John Ilurns, as the recent Blue Book
"Public Health and Social Conditions"
shows, belongs to the latter category.
This interesting publication, received
with acclamation by I.L.P'ers, dedicated by its compilers to the successful
John in these words: "The accompanying series of statistical memoranda and charts to certain aspects of
existing social conditions have been
prepared in accordance with your in
structions." Thus Inspired it is an
optimistic work. One harmonious
pean and cry of exultation over the
improving working-class standard of
comfort. Take any factor of working-
class life—wages, prices, pauperism,
sanitation, death-rate, indeed, excepting unemployment, the tale is unified,
'/unanimous. Trade papers, political papers, servile sheets of all sorts, are welcoming this Blue Book as an armoury
of facts with which to smite the sceptical student of things social. It proves
a better standard of life! Compared
with when? Tell it not in Gath and
whisper it not in the streets of Asca-
lon, it is as compared with the year of
our Lord 1850! The inventive faculties of our workman Cabinet Minister
are not equal to his bombast, or he
surely would never have perpetrated
this hoary dodge. Those "hungry forties," how often have they served as
text for Liberal free importers and
"Labor," P.S.A.-preaching M. P.s.!
Bring the civet, good apothecary: it -is
a necessity. H	
We have all met the pleasant faced
old gentleman who pompously Informed us what the price of salt and sugar
and wheat was In those "hungry forties." Did he not tell us how In those
times he went to Sunday school in
clogs and fustian while the present
generation boasts genuine cloth, honest boots and three-inch collars? That
is the individual back of Burn's Blue
Book (this meaning publication dedi
cated to the "symbolical sunflower constantly turning toward Royalty," the
quondam honest John). But he is an obsequious silly fellow, and the hope of
Socialists Is that his sons and daughters will be able to take longer views,
and will possess a comparative faculty
more highly developed than he did.
These statistics are intended as
proof that wages to-day, as compared
with 1850, are as 182 is to 100. Let us
see what wages are, and how we may
compare wages and prices at varying
periods. A nominal wage Is the money
for which the laborer sells himself to
an employer. Real wages are the
amount of commodities which the laborer can purchase with that money,
wages as related to prices. We can
also compare wages with the amount
of the laborer's product. The worker
to-day receives a smaller proportion of
his applied labor-power as wages than
ever in the past. Let us term this a
relative wage. We grant that nominal
wages are higher than 1850. Then tire
gist of our enquiry must be: how about
the real and relative wage; what of
prices and the fertility of labor-power
as compared with that time?
Now it Is an excess of modesty to
compare wages with the year 1850.
Had wages continued at that level for
long there would have been few proletarians to exploit. Says Marx in his
Brussels discourse upon Free Trade,
"Thus the minimum price Is the natural price of labor. And what Is the
minimum wage? It is simply all that
Is necessary to accomplish the production of the objects indispensable for
the sustenance of the laborer so as to
put him in condition to nourish himself
however badly and to propagate feebly
his race. Let us not believe on that
account that the worker will have only
this minimum wage; nor must we believe that he will have this minimum
wage always.
"No, according to this law, the working class will sometimes be more fortunate, It will have at times more than
the minimum; but this surplus will be
only the supplement of that reduction
below the minimum it will be forced
to accept in times of industrial stagnation."
And if we examine the zig zag line
which may represent the movement of
wages since the fourteenth century, we
we see the truth in Marx's analysis.
The cunning manipulator of figures can
prove all things by skilfully choosing
his periods; he can prove the detorla-
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9th, 1909
tion of the working class standard of
life by comparing present conditions
with the years 1500 and 1750, and an
improvement by comparison between
the present time and 1840 and 1850.
But taking long views and examining
the oscillations and permutations of
different periods it is proven that so
long as the wage worker hawks his
labor-power as a commodity he receives a subsistence wage.
Wages are the price pf labor-power.
If a capitalist be the lucky possessor of
ten thousand_ he can buy openly on
the market coals, wheat, cottons or so
much labor-power. Labor-power ls a
commodity, subject to the same economic laws as other commodities. Now
how are the values of commodities de-
temlned? By their cost of production, or more particularly, by the average amount of socially necessary
labor embodied in them. And
wages—the prices or money value of
labor-power, are determined by the
cost of production of the laborer plus
a certain amount necessary to rear a
young race of wage workers to perpetuate the misery of the race. This
commodity characteristic of labor- pow;
er is the barrier to all sentimental efforts to lift up humanity.
This Blue Book also tells us that
while, since the year 1872 the wages
of the working class have risen as from
170 to 183, in the same period the produce of a penny Income Tax rate has
increased as 100 is to 168. Accepting
them for the nonce, the figures are suggestive enough.   Not so?
And these forty years have been
years of ethical movements, Fabian
minimums, extensive religious organization, Christian "Socialism," paternal
factory legislation, co-operation, profit
sharing, death duties, super taxes on
incomes, and other "ethical" attacks
on capitalism for the benefit of the
working class. And even yet there
are posltiylst quidnuncs who speak of
the "moralisation of capital"! The
movement of wages since 1870 is an
effectual reply to the rotund phrases of
the "greatest Intellectual asset to English Socialism" and to all and sundry
who affect the belief that capitalism
can be temporarily repaired. The mills
of capitalism grind on in spite of the
wishes of emotional I.L.P'ers.
It has  been  well  said  that "along
with the constantly diminishing number of the magnates of capital, who
usurp and  monopolise all advantages
of this    process    of   transformation,
grows the mass of misery, oppression,
slavery,     degradation,     exploitation."
Every word of this Indictment is terribly true.   MISERY; pain of body and
mind,  wretchedness.    No increase of
money wages under present conditions
can be any equivalent for the calm and
healthy  lives  of our forbears  before
the birth of the machine regime.   The
spectre of unemployment, the insecurity of existence, the enormous number
of industrial eccidents, the awful lonll-
ness of the poor amidst crowded towns
and cities. OPPRESSION; loading with
heavy burdens, treating unjustly; torture or  imprisonment,  or  starvation,
as fashion dictates in different countries.    SLAVERY; dependence on the
will of another individual  or section
for material  existence, being  wholly
under the will of another or others,
drudgery.   The workers are slaves economically, for the most part, and mentally.    Economically, for they are allowed a worker's livelihood only when
some privileged person believes that
profit  can  be  made  from  their  toil.
Mentally, because the master class are
able to force their ideas and morality
upon the workers, through tne Press,
pulpit,  etc.,  getting these to  believe
that after all there ls no class war and
that  ln  religion lies their salvation.
DEGRADATION; condition Of Inferiority; perveted, sneered at by tricky Mai-
locks as receiving more than  a Just
share of the wealth created by them.
EXPLOITATION;   the obtaining of a
value for which no equivalent Is rendered.   Robbery when applied to men.
Employment   and   fleecing   by   Joint
Stock Companies and professional philanthropists.    The sponging up of Labor by Capital. "With sufficient incentive  capital  is  very bold.    Two  and
a half per cent, certain will ensure its
employment; anywhere; five per cent.
will produce eagerness, ten per cent,
positive audacity.   For fifty per cent,
there is not a risk it will not run, for
one hundred per cent it ls ready to
trample upon all human laws."
And that is our reply to Burns; human misery, oppression, slavery, degradation exploitation, ls the workers'
experience of capitalism. We believe
with Engels that "the greater industry
has created the modern proletariat, a
class which for the flrst time in history
can set about the abolition not of this
particular class organization or that
particular class privilege, but of classes In general, and it is in the position
that it must carry out this line of ac-
tion.on the penalty of sinking to the
Chinese coolie 'level' "—John A Dawson, in "The Socialist Standard."
VERNON,   B.  C.
Dear Comrade:—
On Tuesday night, September 28th,
Comrade Harrington spoke to a full
house at Local Vernon's hall. I believe the presence of so many on such
a rainy evening, gave the organizer
the idea that he ought to exert himself to fhe limit, for he walked into
his speech for fair. That part of his
address that applied to tbe position
of the farmers under capitalism was a
masterpiece and it was all the audience could do to smother their amusement. Only pity, and sympathy for
our fellow workers on the farms was
present as it should be, for Comrade
Harrington pointed out that it will require their support and aslstance to
bring about the. social revolution.
A collection of $5.95 was taken and
handed to the organizer to help on the
good work. Owing to our systematic
way of running the Local we were
able to take good care of our organizer and render him such assistance as
he needed. This report to the Clarion
is a part of our regular work and
should be copied by every secretary In
the Party.
Just now we are engaged in carrying on the preliminary work of the expected provincial election and in a
quiet way our fund has already reached the fifty dollar mark. The Okanagan will be hard to win for the Party
but once done, lt will be lor keeps.
Yours for Socialism.
GEO. W. PATERSON,
Secretary Local 38.
BOWDEN, ALTA.
Editor Western Clarion:
Comrade Slave Wm. Haywood spoke
for two hours at McCue's hall, Bowden,
on the evening of September 28th, to
a good bouse, and on the 29th departed for Edmonton, where he was billed
to speak in the evening.
He spoke here on the "Class Struggle," and was well received by all except possibly two or three millionaires, who are sojourning here in disguise, likely studying the habits of the
so-called salts, quite likely preparatory to writing a book proving the divine right of kings, queens and jacks.
The brain brigade of the village was
conspicuous by its absence, for which
we slaves were thankful, the hall being
comfortably full as it was. I mean, of
course, the parsons, teachers, country editors, heavy business men and
scabs. From the tap of the bell to
the finish, Bill was there with the
goods. We could not detect any passing on the sly of "bokays" by Bill to
his friends or enemies. He wasted no
time, dealt with facts, barred fiction
snd left with us all wishing him God
speed on his manly mission of Revolt.
S. W. WELCH,
Secretary No. 3.
Earl Grey has recently announced
definitely that war is inevitable between Britain and Germany. As he is
the duly authorized agent of King Capital in this country, It Is to be assumed
that he knows whereof he speaks. The
question is, does he speak whereof he
knows or is he, acting under instructions, merely boosting for more Dread-
naughts In the interests of shipbuilders
and coal-owners?
LESTOR    ROOMS
623 Alexander St.
Furnished and unfurnished rooms
Rates $1.50 per week up.
MRS. MINNS Muigtresi
5-50
THE C08T OF  LIVING.
(Continued from page one)|
body of workers to dictate conditions
of employment or the money wage to
be paid for their services..
The workerB of today, powerless to
produce for themselves  because   the
ownership of the tools, the machine,
has passed from their control, unable
to force   an Increase  in   the money
wage on account of tbe large number
of their own class who are out of employment  and  compelled  te compete
against one another for jobs, are gradually but  surely being brought to a
very low level.   At times, driven   to
desperation by the meagre wage and
cruel  treatment, efforts are made to
Improve conditions by strikes, either
sectional  or  general,  but,  as  if  tbe
odds against the workers were not already sufficiently great,  the government, the executive committee of the
employers, proceeds to use the powers of the  state ln  the Interests of
their class, and the workers are enjoined by the courts, clubbed by the
police and bayoneted by the militia,
until, recognizing the hopelessness of
winning the strikes, they openly  revolt, but are again beaten into submission by the armed forces of the state.
The   control of   the machinery of
government is, therefore, the keynote
to the situation, and the workerB can
secure a bloodless victory by properly
using their franchise privileges. Three
political parties are in the field, two
of which adopt the same bloody means |
of repressing the working class, while
the third, composed almost exclusively of working men, 60% of whom are
trade unionists, stands for our class
and our class alone.   Let every worker
take Into consideration the records of
the different parties, ask himself   If
members of his own class are not sufficiently Intelligent to represent his
interests, and at the flrst opportunity
■ut the tenacles binding him to old
political  affiliations.    The  world  be-
ongs to the workers;   let them take
it by a proper use of their sole remain-
infg privilege—the ballot
... -The   Wag*-
Earner.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of tbe revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong. The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long aa the capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights ln the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation. .
The Interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
' system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation ol capitalist property ln the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capltaiut
and the worker ls rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This ls the' class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, aa follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property of the
working class.
2. Tbe democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers In
their class struggle against capitalism? If tt will the Socialist
Party Is for lt; If It will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
THE LIBRARY OF
ORIGINAL SOURCES
Among all independent and progressive thinkers this great worJc is rapidly superseding encyclopaedias, histories, etc., whicli are only second hand
information. Here are the sources to which the encyclopaedia and other
writers have to go for their information. These rare "original source" documents sweep away bigotry and superstition nnd show why Socialism is coming. It is absolutely authoritative and unbiased. It is filled with the words
of men who have made history. Economics, Kvoluton, Education, Philosophy,
Sociology, Science, Psychology, Religion and all fields of thought are fully
covered, presenting the ideas that have influenced civilization in the original
words of the master thinkers and investigators, from Thales, Plato, Aristotle
and Socrates to Darwin, Spencer, Huxley, Welsmann, Marx. Engles and
Haeckel. A history—not of mere events—but of human thought and institutions.    Indlspenslbli* *** »«-— &—*-»*-*     *  *--  —
Lecturer:    "A service to civilization
Clifford,  Socialist
KNOW WHY
SOCIALISM IS  COMING
You know how capitalistic writers and speakers deliberately misrepresent history. Here at last ls a work that digs deep into real history of civilization and reveals the naked truth. It traces the economic development of
ideas and institutions and shows why Socialism is Inevitable. Freeman
Knowles, the grand old man, who has the bravery to speak the truth and
go to jail for lt, says: "It ls the greatest work extant." All the leading
Socialist writers, editors, lecturers and thinkers use and commend the library
—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Victor L.. Berger, A. M. Lewis, A. w.
Simons, and thousands of the comrades—farmers, miners, ranchmen,
mechanics, blacksmiths and cobblers. You should see the enthusiastic letters they write, unsolicited—for Instance, A. L. Livingston, ranchman, secretary Local, Hack berry, Kan.:  "Greatest addition I ever made to my library.*'
IMPORTANT
Thousands of Socialists are pleaBed owners of this work. Gel yours now
on the co-operative basis before the sale closes. Only a few hundred sets
lft. Writ* to-day—to-morrow may be too late. A postal oard (mentioning
the Clarion) will brina table of contents, description and details of our
liberal co-operative offer. University Research Extension, Milwaukee, Wis.,
V. S. A.
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installing the gae pipes,
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