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Western Clarion Dec 24, 1910

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 NO. 611.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Dec. 24, 1910.
Subscription pries •■ mm
FbiY-mi        SLIM
Workers Care For all Interests But Their Own.
When one looks around a bit and
i peruses even a small part of the slob-
All these things and very many more
are  but  side   shows—red  herrings—
1 ber that is handed out by the scores hung up and exhibited for the express
[ of so-called labor papers and journals
[he very largely ceases to wonder at
jthe'muddled mental condition of the
(wage slaves. Add to this the stuff
(emanating from the various peddlers
I of metaphysical rot in which so many
Vhave been born and bred to believe
rand the wonder ceases almost entirely
Indeed one experiences considerable
I mild wonder that the mixup is not
leven worse and is surprised to flnd
[even the few clear thinkers among
the mountains of confusion.
Everywhere we for a moment turn
lour attention there is  a side-show—
jwith wondrous promises set forth ih
| glowing language.   Here, we are told,
I the weary worker may for the lime lay
' down his burden and revel in the de- j
I lights of giving free rein to his imagin-
i ation in the matter of an after life—
a  continual  "spiritual"   existence   in
eternal bliss after this "vale of tears"
i is a thing of the past.   All that is necessary  is  a contented  spirit and a
] properly humble attitude in our deal-
! ings with God and  our "natural su-
| periors."
The hearer's Imagination and emb-
Uions are excited. Then, If he still
[ squirms, tell him that the prolific cause
purpose of keeping the workers in profound ignorance of the cause oi their
misery. These institutions are very
valuable to the master-class as a
means of preventing revolt among the
toilers. For it is easier to hire one
policeman with a club and teach the
slaves that around that "Bobby" the
Almighty has woven a halo of glory
for his protection than to hire enough
plug-uglies to guard the treasure by
brute force. To-day if the world's
workers were thoroughly aroused, the
standing armies, navies, militia, courts,
police and what-not would be as stubble before lire. With the workers
mesmerized as at present by the idea
that law is of Divine origin and that
the least bieach of the thing will be
avenged as "sin,'' by Divinity, while
courts and plug-uglies are the deputies
of such Divinity the thing is, or at
least lias been, easy.
Whether it will be so easy in the
futuie as it has been in the past to
mesmerize the toilers and keep them
interested is another matter. We
Socialists venture to predict that it
will not be and that there are stirring
times to be faced in the future by the
masters. They, as is usual with ruling classes in history, are to some ex-
Editor "Clarion,"
Comrade: —
Comrade Gribble spoke here last
night to one of the largest audiences
that Local Calgary has had for sometime. The speaker was applauded to
the echo, and repeatedly interrupti
with "that's right," "you bet."   Gribl***. itiaii'Te^-ifole-bodied  man who was
otinlfn     on     trVli-i     "CnnnnmlA     C,#,i,nJntl-il'l    w4tll«M W.K-'mssmw'Mlr   nVn-ii.1/1    nnl   nTHnlnumunt
spoke on the "Economic Foundatl
of Society" and for two hours delivttS
ed the Message of Marx in a manner**!*!
convincing and earnest that the audi-,
ence was loth to have him quit.       '!' ;
A large  display of Literature
the splendid discipline   of   the   '
rades in selling it and taking up Mb
collection was one of the featurejjp
the evening.   Gribble is to stay
us three nights this week and wiliu
deavor to  wake up the sluggish bl
of the unconscious proletaire.   AijH
lection of fifteen dollars was takei\;u||l;
the largest since the writer has bee%V
in Calgary.   Altogether a pleasant and!
educational evening was spent.   ' \ i j
Yours in revolt, ,..'..'
Bernard Shaw, Socialist author, play-
right and satirist, spoke on unemployment at a meeting held by the Independent Labor party in London not
"tot-g 'agOiJ'-j^ya the Coming Nation.
^''ajHt'tliere was an idea abroad
,of all misery and wrongdoing is booze.'ten| ,„ ignorance as t0 tne maBB ot
jHale him into the I. O. G. T. or the S. i r„ckc.ning   that   is   ,)Hing   un   in   the
of T. or botb ir need be.   He imiiiertia-1 future.   Still there are signs that they
1 tely sets out to remedy the evil and his are not altogether ignorant of the turn
affairs are taking as is evidenced by
their continuous  clamor for stronger
armies and navies; their gradual bre^k-
| chance  he  still  falters.    Very  well! ,lng down of international lines by the
Draw him into the L. O. L—if he be organizations of various "Peace Con-
ll a follower of the protesting Luther— I ferenceSi" etc.
jand   teach   him   that  the  one  thing j    Tne 0|d ,i,.awing cards:   metaphys-
} necessary to usher In the millenium is ics    false  interpretation    of    known,
j own slave condition is forgotten In
1 fiery declamations against the "stuff
Ithat made Milwaukee famous.*'    Fer-
} the complete  annihilation  of  Roman
Catholicism.   Lead him to believe that
1 he has nothing in common with R. C.
I workers  and   that  a  Roman  Catholic
ajid Protestant are "natural enemies."
If he.be a "wearer of the green," initiate him into the  mysteries of  the
| A. O. H. or the L. O. C. and teach him
I that every worker of any other creed
I under the sun is his  mortal enemy.
Marshall these workers on July 12th,
Sand March 17th, and after decorating
I them with fantastic devices in orange
lor green, lead them to make grimaces
1 at each other and  cavort like  their
facts in history, so called ameliorative
legislation, etc., are failing. Every
day sees a few more workers finding
the common ground upon which all can
work for a new earth—an earth free
from slavery either mental or physical.
To-day as never before perhaps in the
past, the workers are feeling a discontent with their lot. There are
probably more strikes, rioting, unemployment than ever before. And hand
in hand with these conditions and as a
necessary correlative part comes still
harder and harder conditions. All the
time our productiveness as slaves is
| ancestors   of   Balaam's   time,   to   the increasing, thanks to the wondeiful and
I satisfaction of their masters
If these things do not seem  suffl-
I ciently interesting to entirely detach
Ithe worker from thinking of his misery,
rget busy and hold before his enraptured gaze the glories of the A. O. M., the
I. O. O. F. or some other "fraternal"
I society In which he may be allowed to
1 call King  George  and  sundry  other
| gents  of  his  Ilk,  "Brother."    Surely
this is sufficient!    But if nol, we may
go on and expatiate upon the wrongs
we and our glorious empire have suffered at the hands of Kaiser Bill or
some other buck of his stripe.    And
so the tale goes onu    Any old  thing
that .will   keep  the  attention  of  the
workers riveted upon a red herring and
ao lead to apathy as to his -mslaved
condition is joyously hailed and loyally supported by those who profit by
bis slavery.   Any side issue or shell
) game tbat will serve to divert bim
(from the hard facts of his existence,
aa the mere tool of a master-class,
is acclaimed as the saviour of society.
These shell games and red herrings
are held up by church and state under
the supervision of King Capital. Is it
then to be considered wonderful that
the workers show such apathy when
their slavery Is spoken of?
When an old creed proves too prosy,
ancient or fantastic for general acceptance we flnd it rehabilitated in still
more flowery language that the dupes
may again make asses of themselves
as ln the past. When the factB (?)
of ancient Revelation are found to conflict too strongly with the facts as
evidenced by the world around us and
the researches of science, we hear the
metaphysical gentlemen purring gently about "figurative language," "allegorical utterances," etc., and the
creed la gently but firmly toned down
• bit.
intricate machinery and division of
labor attained in the productive process.
Our stipend, wage, salary or whatever
we may be pleased to call it is on the
other hand steadily falling, as we flnd
to our sorrow when we go to pay the
grocery bill on Saturday night. As
these conditions become more intolerable, the workers of the world must
and will join wllh us In an Intelligent
revolt, against our slavery.
In the midst of all these conflicting
creeds and doctrines, all advertised by
more or less interested presons of Ihe
"intellectual prostitute" type, our duty
or rather our road is clear. Ours it
is to lead the prevalent discontent
along intelligent channels. Ours to
steer absolutely clear of all side shows
and red herrings and to make our
goal the complete economic freedom
of our class. No compromise our mot.
ito, and the red flag our standard. Let
those who will, prate of brotherly love.
The facts of existence under capitalism will shortly expose to the workers
tbe hypocritical cant contained in
these effusions. Our work must be to
educate those of our class who are
Ignorant of their slavery to a full realization of it. Vote catching must not
enter into the question at all. Educate the workers—make Socialists and
the'Revolution will come even though
no ballots are cast.
It was all the outcome of a jbbt-ure
delivered by a "Christ ian ScienOTt."'"A
bunch' of slaves had heard the'lifleek,f
well-groomed lecturer declare thft «MfV
numerous ills were due to the "erre-ili:
eous conception of physical malt!^." *';)'.>
The argument waxed furious.    TnW
atomic theory of matter was jjmaam-
ed.    The atoms were split into Mecf\
Tons.   Electrons were merely a
testation  of  radio-activity,   wl
iiwH—wilB -mrci-*sj.      eorali^r did
ist. Wasn't it possible that^tjjie^S;
cialists were on the wrong trac^jpi
haps everything was  a  mere
and    Then the "Master'a tblca!'
closed the debate and the slaves tqo';
on their shackles.   . .  ,m
Moral—Erroneous   conceptiena • ni
withstanding, the "Belly-neflii" brtni
you down from the ethereal regibtta,
every time. <   . •!
.   Q--.B,I.
rk should get employment
itry of the country could
on by putting every man
re must always be avall-
, of unemployed to meet
iuribiev ethetgencies in industry, which
;ca|"|$ '■"^'".extra labor.    Our soldiers
3'tjif riot''*iothed and fed and lodged
&h;'aU*W»g war. They were kept
bt■ W'atajtjtjof efficiency during peace,
ao ^thai "they might be ready and fit
w-heWtlley' were require-1 to repel the
German Invasion which was coming
off neTttj Tuesday. (Laughter.)
,'M-jwas hot quite certain of the date,
but 'It would be found definitely fixed
Jn t*»e halfpenny evening papers.
(Laughter ) All industrial employment wajt in the nature of the work
of aohMejrs. Al en had to be kept idle
IfUtil tiej were needed to work. The
*j"bopli:eei>er had often to endure the
painful fight of his assistant standing ldlp for hours and even days when
no customers called. He retained them
J'i'hjjltiiaei'vice, nevertheless. In the
jjlrguajjitances of industry, therefore,
imj«npj-)yment was a necessary thing.
Quietus Given O'Brien's Proposed Measures
onday, the 26th Inst., in the
f Local No. 1, at 2237 Westmin-
enuej. all_ merry_bachelors wlll
je will disport themselves mid
ClOuda of smoke with song and other
•'-" TSate physical gymnastics will take
the-'ftlace of intellectual elasticity.
Witty the ventriloquist, the thought
reader, acrobats, and refreshments, a
free and easy time will be enjoyed.
f}6 charge for admission.   Welcome
all^E.   M.
In rising to Introduce a bill to amend
the Coal Mines Act, which, except for
a few alterations is the same bill that
he introduced last session but did not
succeed in getting before the House,
Comrade O'Brien addressed himself
to the speaker as follows:—
When I introduced this bill last session I spoke on it at some length but
this afternoon I am going to be brief.
However, should there be anyone wishing lo ask me any questions on it, I
will do my best to answer them. This
bill deals with the protection of the
lives and limbs of the men and boys
who work in the mines. The first
clause deals with the sinking ot more
than one shaft. Should an accident
occur while the men are in the bowels
of the earth there is very little chance
for escape if there ls only one shaft
used for egress and ingress. The air
would be cut oft* and the men would
die like rats in a trap.
Clause 2 deals with the screening of
the coal. This would remove a pressing grievance from which the miners
suffer. It provides that the coal shall
be screened before lt is weighed. For
miners are not paid for rock, shale
and dust although these are used by
the Company, and should men be found
putting rock in tbe coal they are fined
and if they persist they are fired. The
miner is therefore, compelled to separate these and receives nothing for this
Duality m. Unionism
And SJbiCialism
A capitalist mine owner who had not
visited his mines for several years,
went to see them, taking his five-year-
old boy with him.
"Who are those people?" the child
asked as he saw the miners for the
flrat time.
"They are not people, son—they are
miners," explained the father.—District Ledger.
Editor Clarion: One gratifying-Incident arising out of the St. Louie Convention of the A. F. of Li was the decision arrived at by a meeting of the
Socialist delegates in ' a'ttendaii'ce,
about eighty in all. After a thorough
discussion of the situation,' a review
of tactics, an analysis of! the funcMbn
of a trade organization, ind' theJ alms
and object of the Soclaftat PWty, the
delegates decided, let it be hoped once
and for all, that the International Socialist Party was now too big an organization to seek favors from the
American Federation of Labor or any
other combination of men organized
for any other purpose than the overthrow of capitalism.
No saner conclusion could have been
arrived at.
For years it has been the policy of
the Socialist Party ln Canada, and results justify such an attitude.
If the members of the trades union
or any other sort of union desire to
become affiliated With the Socialist
Party, let them do so as members of
the wage-working class, seeking the
overthrow of capital and all that that
Until that time their place is not
within the membership of the Socialist
It this be so, why should the Socialist Party or any member of it seek to
thrust itself or themselves upon the
favor of organizations organized for
an altogether different purpose?
The trades union movement is
founded upon and bullded within the
confines of the wage system; lt nowhere denies the ownership of jobs
by the corporations; were It to do so
it would cease to be a trades union.
The Socialist movement, on the contrary, Is organized for the express purpose of overthowlng the present form
of property ownership by restoring the
earth to those who do the work; to
all intents and purposes an outlaw organization, and certainly a movement
dotBlBe the limits of capitalism. In
«ilK«r'"lrords, there is nothing in common between the unionist and Social-
lati^exeeirt the fact that they are both
That's alii'1
<^*Tbe wage-worker, therefore, who is
both a SbdallBt and a trades or industrial Unionist ia a dual personage.
As a unionist he must at any and all
times endeavor to better the condition
of Us fellow unionists (the only way
he can help iilrrtself) within the limitations aad confines of capitalism, by
such means ac-are at hand and any
advantages over tbe unorganized he
can secure. The unionist ia justified
in taking thla action, because tt makes
no difference ito the unorganized how
much the organized' wage-worker se-
Clause 3 is as follows:
"The owner, agent or manager of
every mine shall keep posted at the
entrance of every mine and in the
office of every mine a correct plan of
said mine, having distinctly marked
all outlets and travelling roads leading thereto. Where for any reason
outlets or travelling roads are closed
or new outlets or travelling roads opened, such changes as soon as possible
shall be posted on said plans."
This is a very important provision
and would not entail much extra work
upon the shift bosses and would enable
the miners to easily discover where
there may be a road closed and where
any portion of the mine has become
unworkable it would save the miners
from having to go down for nothing.
Clause 4 provides that the air shall
sweep face of each working place. This
was provided for under the old Territorial Act and there is no reason why
it should noi hold gnod in these days
of big profits.
Clause 5 deals wiii. underground signals. At the present time there Is no
means of communication on the planes
between the stopping places and the
end. Definite signals are also called
for between the lower ends and the
entrance to the working places. This
will make It possible to establish a
means of communication between
every working place and the pit mouth
and will act as a safeguard against
such terrible disasters as that of
Cherry,  111.
At this point O'Brien gave a graphic
description  of the rescue  work  after
be provided separate travelling roads.
Clause 7 is a very important one. It
provides that the timbers and clay
-tamping shall be delivered where it ia
required. This is not done at present
and the men are compelled to carry
the timber and clay long distances
which has a great tendency to make
them careless and they use coal dust
instead of clay, thereby increasing tbe
danger of explosion.
Clause 8 deals with the selection
of persons for a commission of investigation on any violations that may occur. At present when miners are elected to represent the miners on such a
commission, should they bring in a report tbat is at all detrimental to the
Company they are liable to lose their
jobs this clause will have the effect
of remedying such petty tyrannies aa
In conclusion 1 may say that I fully
realize that such a bill will dig a big
hole into the dividends of the mine-
owners and will no doubt be likely to
make the small owners squeal. But I
have no special sympathy for these.
They are, in many cases, the most frequent violators of the regulations and
If any of them go down and out lt ia
no consideration of mine, I am here
representing my class and that Ib why
I Introduce this bill.
O'Brien at this stage tried to get the
bill Into committee of the whole but
-«i Boyle's lu«iien-il'-n-ns-TeluglfCail*'tO
the legal bills committee, where it will
probably meet the knife along with
another one of bis.
cures.    If  there  wasn't a union  on .
earth the condition of the unorganised ithe FerDle explosion in which he had
would remain the same, or worse, If,
however, the unionist can, by any manner of means, secure better temas and
conditions for the sale of his commodity labor-power, he is jnatUM dlw ao
doing. JU
On the other hand, there ta sotting
to prevent that same unionist,*^pJni'ia
consistent Socialist, because no man,
even if his physical necessities are* ln
a manner provided by his union.'can'
long be satisfied with such an animal
existence. His reasoning faculties
prevent him from accepting the present social system as final. He therefore becomes a Socialist, not because
of his membership or belief In unionism, but as a self-acknowledged wage-
slave, seeking to pool his Interests
with those bent upon the world-wido
task of removing King Capital from
the throne and placing human life
prior to property and profit.
The worker, then, who Insists upon
mixing his unionism and his Socialism
does not understand the function of
either, and owes to himself and those
upon whom he inflicts his vagaries a
thorough mental overhauling.
taken part; how he and others worked
jUhe whole day and night in rescue
»prk and then went right on shift as
though nothing had happened and how
one mine inspector who had made a
very,radical statement did not remain
mine .inspector long after tbe inquest.
These men he said, are not required
to bring ln any report detrimental to
the mine owners or tbey would lose
their jobs. Not that I have any kick
against, these men. I fully realize their
■position. On the whole tbey are very
competent men, yet ability ls not what
appears to be required of them.
Clause 6 provides that every underground plane which ls self-acting or
worked by an engine, windlass or gin
and every road where the product of
the mine is drawn by a horse or other
animal, nnd where there Is hot at least
three feet between the mine cars running on the plane or road, tbere shall
be provided manholes or places of refuge at Intervals of not more Ihan
twenty-five yards. It is further provided that where tbe product of the
mine is drawn by machinery or other
mechanical appliances at a speed exceeding four miles an hour there ahall
Workers of the World unite,
List to Nature's Clarion call,
Up, for nc;W the dawn is bright
Freedom stands for one and all.
Rally round the Crimson Flag,
Symbol of Fraternity.
Tho' the traitor knave may lag,
Progress we for liberty.
By our hosts of Martyred dead;
By our Thraldom's galling chains;
By the blood and tears now shed.
While the light of life remains '
Fight we will, yield we, never!
Victory salutes the brave
Pow'r for Toll, Peace for ever,
Or, the silence of the grave.
Think" upon the fields of Hell
Where black devastation reigns.
Where Ihe screaming shot und shell
Shows   what   sanctioned   "Murder-
Lords of Pow'r gloat o'er their spoil,
Heedless   they,     whnt     thousands
Mothers and the bairns o' Toll
Weep for those who ne'er return.
AgoB hast thy forebears drunk
Deep of Degradation's shame.
In the toll Tor bread they've sunk
To the grave without a name.
Nameless, landless, tho' their gore
Shed they free for others' cause—
Slaves Btand staunch, but not ns yore
For thyself and Nature's Laws.
Forward Nations to the strife.
Crush the common subtile foe,
Ne'er shall man taste joy of life
Till usurpers are laid low.
Kings and PrleBts have had their day,
"Common Herd" have had their pen.
Liberty proclaims ber day,
Nature crleB aloud for "Men."
By our hosts of Martyred dead;
By our "Thraldom's" galling chains;
By the blood and tears now shed,
While the light of life remains
Fight we wlll, yield we, Never!
Victory salutes the brave
Pow'r for Toll, Peace for ever—
Or, the silence or the grave.
—.1. 8. ROBERTSON.
Medicine Hat.
An optimist is a working nnlmal on
Saturday night with six-bllB to spend.
A pessimist is the same thing on Monday morning when he finds that tbe
job bas given out. Two
8ATURDAY,  DECEMBER  24th,  1910.
■Published every Saturday by the
Socialist Party of Canada, at the Oillce
ef the Western Clarion, Flack Block
Basement, 165 Hastings Street, Vancou-
tar, B. C.
Per Tear, 90 oenta for Six Months,
35 oents for Three Months.
Strictly In Advance.
Bundles   of   5   or   more   copies,   for  a
Verted of not less tl.-in three months, at
tbe rate of one cent per copy per Issue.
Advertising: rates on application.
.    If you receive  this  paper,  lt ls  paid
A report of the terrible mine disaster at Bellevue, Alta., in which 18
miners lost their lives, will, ere this,
have   reached   our   readers.     It   is   a
holds that the "government of the future  must  be  by  experts,"  with  the
The Socialist propaganda is often Fabians, of course, as the experts.
confronted with the assertion that the Those who read of the conditions of
establishment of a system of Socialism the people of Peru, prior to its con-
would involve the subjection of the quest by the Spaniards, will And there-
mark of the age that such slaughter individual to a hide-bound State, that jn many points of resemblance to the
excites but passing comment—so sated would eventually result in the enslave- proposed bureaucracy of the Fabians.
are newspaper readers with tales of ment of the people. The  Peruvian  State   was   not  cap-
death and calamity in industry. The Socialist, on  the  contrary, as- italism: goods being produced, not for
What does lt matter? A few wage- serts that the working elass are en- sa-e tm^ f01. consumption by the
slaves more or less, they are plenty, slaved to-day, and that only the es- people. Take the following from Pres-
A readjustment of figures in the office, j tabllshment   of  Socialism   can   effect con (p_ sg).
a job or twq for the attorney,  andjthelr emancipation. |   '"phe Peiuvian Government watched
society forgets. But property has The individualist attacks Socialism wnn unwearied solicitude over its sub-
been destroyed. "Ah! There's the from the standpoint that the proposed jects, provided foijtheir physical neces.
rub."    Offering human sacrlficees on change simply means Ihe continuation sities,  was  mindtul  of  their  morals,
Jm making remittance by cheque, ex-
aAftage must be added. Address all
•ttnmunicationa and make all money
us   payable   to
i 1688 Vancouver, B. O.
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue. 	
SATURDAY,   DECEMBER  24th,   1910.
This is a joyous season—for editors.
They have a nice restful subject which
they can leave to the offlce boy to write
Oar chief difficulty is to explain
■what business it is of ours. This we
have overcome by concluding that it
isn't any, therefore it will be easy to
ileal with the matter exhaustively—
and no doubt exhaustingly.
At this time of the year a great
many people are very happy and are
filled with the noble spirit of Peace
on Earth, Goodwill toward Men—a
number of others become intoxicated
also. The original purpose of Christmas and the reason for its establishment are nowadays somewhat lost
sight of, it having become principally
an opportunity for celebration. Anything that gives slaves a cnance to
■knock off work and kick up their heels
doing the things that are wrong all the
Test of the year meets with our entire
approval. What we are celebrating,
most of us are too wise to trouble
Ot course, there are caustic individuals who persist in pointing out that
~"wn*"ii5r*part of lhei world siiuis aiour.U
priding itself on its philanthropy, affection, large-heartedness and general
pacific tendencies, another part toils
in sadness and misery, intensified by
"the approach of winter, to make all
pleasures possible. That the human,
an animal whose history is black with
the coagulated blood of his own species, is the only one we know with
such unmitigated effrontery as to coin
such terms as "love," "peace," "charity" etc. Other animals have not the
privilege of articulator speech! None
ot them want it, having listened to
But why dwell upon such unpleasantness. At Christmastime as is well
known, there is a very healthy competition to purchase gifts better than
those secured by the neighbors, also
a great rivalry as to who can swell
up the most with charity and kindliness towards the "unfortunates" who
are no doubt kept in cold storage all
year for this particular purpose. All
this is good for Trade, therefore very
Bverybody can be happy if they
wish. Even the young man who accosted us on the street the other evening. He was delighted to meet
"Scotty" again after all these years.
We gently remonstrated with him and
after considerable persuasive eloquence with much reference to data and
computation of time, succeeded In con-
Tinclng him we were not "Scotty."
This broke him all up but he succeeded in borrowing our two dimes anyhow. He was out of work, also of grub
■which was worse. Still, even for him
there is consolation at this gladsome
period. Let him convey his intestinal vacuum down to P. Burns & Co.'s
shop and gaze enraptured upon the ro-
bust swine there gaily bedecked in
holiday attire. Let him hover about,
and keep hovering, lest the police
catch him standing, and maybe he will
lie rewarded by a glimpse of actual
cash being paid for a real turkey. Then
he will surely cogitate on the bountiful
blessings showered upon the Lord's
However, we trust that such of our
■readers as can afford it will spend
Christmas to suit themselves. We
would wish you a Merry Christmas
tat we have our own ideas of merriment that refuse to be confined within the compass of any particular day
or days. Therefore we are dubious
about the value of the wish.
we wild- the btulneu of Manufacturer),
■BKBtnerni »nd ethers who realize the Bdviaabii-
n» o! hating their Patent business transacted
bvEnxrils. Prellralnaryndvicefrce. Cliarpn
jand-tab. Our InvenUir'i AdvUer wntuppn
rennrtt, Marina & Marlon, New Vorlcl.ife Bldg,
Vou-rcnl :    lid Wu>.hiu;:t-.<u. D.C, U.S.A.
altars of stone bas gone out of fashion.
But there are other altars. Gods have
come and gods have gone, but Property remains, and great Is Its toll
of victims.
We cannot at this time express an
opinion as to the cause of the Bellevue
occurrence, but it is known that other
mines in Alberta are sadly lacking in
proper safety equipment, one iu particular, at Taber, being so dangerously
full of gas that the miners recently
refused to enter it. Such, however,
must be the conditions to which workers in mines will be subject until
mines, with all other industries, are
run and managed for the use of those
who labor instead of for the profit
of idlers.
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under thin
head. $1.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 2237
■jW.Mmiiiai.r Aveuue, Secretary, Win.
Socialist   Party   _of   Canada.     ^Aleuts,     of  O.    Masts,  every   Tuesday,   8  p.   m.
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1688, Vancouver,   B.   C.
sharp,   at   L.   O.   L.
Chas.  Chancy,  Seer
Hull,   Tronson  St.
"Common persons" are those who
are so numerous as to be a nuisance
to themselves.   Wage slaves, in short.
* *   ♦
The ranks of strike-breaking street
railwaymen ln Winnipeg were largely
recruited from the membership of
theological colleges. The Holy Ghost
is evidently right up to date.
The twentieth century belongs to
the working class. So many false and
ancient scents have the workers followed that there are indications that
their olfactory keenness . has been
blunted and they will now have to do
a  little  figuring.
• *   •
The necessary conditions lor the
maintenance of capitalist society is
the freedom of the wealth producers
from ail forms of property. They
must have no other eommodity to sell
but their labor-power.
of the present wage-system of pro- an(- showed throughout the affectionate
duction, in which the whole of the concern of a parent for his children,
wealth of society shall be owned by wno were never able to act or think
a number of persons incorporated into jor themselves, but whose duty was
a State or bureaucracy, instead of comprehended in the obligation of im-
being, as at present, owned by private ,,nC|t obedience."
individuals. He maintaining that the And on page 26 We are told "Indus-
right of the individual is supreme, and try was publicly commended and stlni-
condemns any action on the part of a'U|atsd by lewards."
State or collection or individuals, that\ Compare this with the following
interferes with his desireB. |from  "Fabian  Essays"   (1908  edition)
Since correct understanding implies under the heading "Socialism and the
correct interpretation of terms used, state" (p. 163). "Out of the value of
and the point revolves Mag:, the mean- the communal produce must come,
ing of the term "slave," ^j*|l*^|)*;e^'rent   of   land   payable   to   the   local
Executive Committee, Socialist l'urty
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
Wages do not represent payment for
labor but for labor-power. When one
buys an electric motor the price is not
fixed  by the  various  uses  to  which
it    mlghl    ho    put.    nm-   ,liv    lh»    oyt-ont   tulrlim .tha  romatnAai- -IF
of the benefits which alight be derived While there may be a differ
from its operation; but by its ex- degree in those different fortm
change value in the market.    When Iploltation, the principle stillr>
my remarks with such ^9
A slave is one who is i
controlled by another; on)
pelled to labor to satisfy
The chattel slave origj
prisoner of war, whose li
disposal of his owuer.   Hoi
to live in order that he 111
more wealth, or greater
for his owner, than could
from his death; his owm
providing him with food,
shelter necessary to keep
Later on in the develop i^jdt<*j£j;,
ciety, we find the serf, whjLtyL' "
pelled to labor for a certaii
his lord, the remainder 0
being at his own disposal f
pose of providing himself ai
ily with the necessities of 1
To-day the worker, in ord
is  compelled  to  labor  for
period.    He receives, howe
portion of the wealth create*
the wealth he has produced h
(according to Mr. Chiozza M
estimates the    wealth    proi
£4 5s. per week per family
while   the   average  amount
by a working-class family ol
shown to be below 25s. per w
other   capitalists  statisticians
one-third.    That is to say th
produces goods to the value
he receives as a wage £1, his
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. Ka-il. opposite postofllce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement In the province. P. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
the purchase has been made the transaction is closed and bears no relation
to the subsequent utilization of the
article. What has been bought is
not wood-sawing, water-pumping, etc.,
but a particular commodity having a
given amount of value.
The under-dog is compelled ti
for the purpose of producing
thing to satisfy the wants of
who, holding the things necass
his life, thereby control him.
therefore, still a slave. ,  '"11
The principle would  remain It-vtae
working elass was compelled to Wo*t[ B,
for a State instead of for iindi
■■tliority,   rent   of   plai:.t   needed   for
irking the industries, wages advanc-
and fixed ln the usual way, taxes,
S~ jjaerve fund, accumulation fund, and
-jfi other  charges  necessary  for the
'allying on of the communal business,
these  deducted,    the    remaining
[ue  should   be  divided  among  the
munal workers as a bonus. .   .   .
''If  there  is  one  vice  more  than
ler that will be unpopular under
alism, it is laziness.
Peru,  we  are  told   (Prescott, p.
Er "Occupation   was   found   for  all,
the  child  of five  years  to the
ao-      fti matlon  not too Infirm to hold
'" j,tv^ftaff.    No one was allowed to eat
iff^jread of Idleness in Peru."
-'■'    "J!   may  working-men   who  have
1  the conditions of present-day
,lism resent the proposals of the
Socialist"  with   his  grand-mo-
legislative enactments.   Such a
as is proposed by him would
mean, slavery, and would throw
liertyless class still deeper in
e of social degradation,
overnment of the Incas was in
nly patriarchal since "the task
upon  him  was  always  pro-
I to   his   strength,   he   had
of rest and refreshment and
II protected   against   the  in-
of the weather," and "every
shown   for   his   personal
Yet the greater number of
Peru were slaves, ami slaves
'» type mat tne conditions ue
preferable  to  those  who,
g the evils of wage-slavery
ich they exist, are trying to
out.   True the people were
bjection by the superstition
'QM'Jnca was a supreme being, a
of the sun, and they blind-
ped  hlm    as    omnipotent.
prepared  to  toil  for  his
|d  for  the  benefit    of    his
Committee! Notice—This card Is
inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. H. Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, "Winnipeg.
So with wages.   A contractor does
not buy bricklaying, hodcarrying, car- [employers.   If the whole of the w]
pentering, etc., when he hires  men; 'and the means of production are
what he does buy is power in the form ed by a State and the worker re'ci
of an animate being.    The price he' a wage, then slavery is not abolii
pays is determined by the condition' but is intensified,
of  the  market  at  the  time  the  ex-1    The worker to-day, while comp-
change is made, and not by the man-'to work for a master, still has
ner in which he might use the power [ sort of a choice among those masta»*>,
or by what it produces. but with the State as  the only"
•   •   • Iployer  he  Is  compelled  to w^||
In the most simple acts of exchange [that employer and under thf*,,**-^
there are four factors—two sentient ployer's conditions, or take.vth<*. ogjg
beings and two commodities. But that'alternative and starve. Sl.**^ .CaaJjdfr
of which wages are a part is different, j ism woulu intensify slaver--,;*-*-**,,!^**
In it there are only three—one sen- Capitalism Is not Sociall-Mfl, .1|-<,jt
tient being and two commodities. That Our individualist oyiaomaad,. kt «'thU-
one of the commodities is possessed of'er, is subject to otharfc OtMra base
the power to automatically peddle!the power to say whSBihe ahfcll
Itself and to assimilate the other, does and when he shall flit— am,i imam Abe
not change the complexion of the 'shall work and mdm 1 tahat.tmOdnaars.
matter. His  life  and  aattaa a»r>v,d>t»r>a«iicd
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKlnnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOOAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C.   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle. every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business
meeting llrst Sunday in each month,
same place at 2:30 p. in.
David Paton, Secy.,  Box  101.
Headquarters and Heading Hoom,
523 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Tlieatre.
T. Gray, Secretary.
LOOAL YMXB, B. 0., No. 31, 8. T. Of O.
—Meet-i every third Saturday in
month, at 7:30 p. 111. E. Anderson,
Secretary; W. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer.
Unattuched Comrades In the district
are earnestly requested to get In touch
with Secretary, who will answer all
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Heading Hoom, Labor Hall, T,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Maedonald,   Organizer,   Box   647.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO     9.
Miner's Hall and Opera House. Propa- .
ganda Meetings at  8 p.m. on the 1st J
and 3rd Sundays of the month.    Business   meetings  on  Thursday  evenings \
following   propaganda   meetings   at   S
Organizer—T. Steele, Coleman, Alta. i
Secretary, D. H. Hynlup, Box 63, Cole-1
man Alta. Visitors may receive lnfor-^
mation any day at Miner's Hall from J
Com. W. Graham, Secretary of U. M. 1
W. of A.
LOCAL   LADYSMITH   NO.   10,  8.  P.  ol
C. Business meetings every Saturdaj
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave
J. H. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmith,
B. C.
C, meets every Sunday in Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are Invited to call. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
LOCAL MABA, B. C, NO. 34, S. P. of C,
Meets first Sunday in every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Hoscman,  Recording  Secretary.
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. ln McGregol
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
LOOAL  NANAIMO,   NO.   8,   8.  P.  of  O.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box 826.
LOOAL   NELSON,   S.   P.   of   C,   MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p. m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson. B. C. 1. A. Austin,  Secy.
S.   P.   of  C—Meets   every  Sunday  in
11..11   In   BmiiiuiH   Theater   IJl.,.lv   ut   fllOO
p. m.   L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
Propaganda and business meetings at
8 p. m. every Sunday evening in the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are Invited to attend. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
largely by histtytwlmttmeMmtm; by
the extent ol-hiawatfc 'He Manot do
as he wouli-wUjh haaasjaa ft* Is bound
to the heam»:.Ot 4»\OtO.'OOmater. The
greater -*ta*t *»" hi* \\U lis occupied by
passed by the Japanese Government jlaborio*--* stall et Pm*f laisiness—toil
upon comrades Kotoku and Katayama and mmtgpaamV,atqlmtX<tin the Interest
At the Empress Theatre, Dec. 11th,
a resolution was endorsed by ,he large
audience assembled there, protesting
against  the  sentence    of    execution
and their twenty-four associates. A
collection was taken up to defray the
cost of cabling the resolution to the
Emperor of Japan.
On Monday last, a delegation co-°f
sisting of Comrades Morgan and
Leod, interviewed Mr. C. Yada, JaJHtst
ese  consul,  and  were  most  voMaggf ^ ^
received.   Mr. Yada expressed "a*~"'"J*
very guardedly on the mattenl
no   statements   other  than 'gamV-'mmm
Socialists' offence had  been «Pl
lnal rather than a political oneT**;*'*'
•    •    • ■■'!!
There is one advantage to be gall
from Charlie O'Brien's presence in tl
Alberta Legislature.    He has succeei
ed in making its class character visible
to all by placing the other members
on record as being absolutely opposed
to all working class interests.
of atMNUv--||#«ta'i»Ss*ed by the cap-
italMbjaaaplWWi mm* oppressed by the
,emrm ■****>•-■
lAl»»:'wlhtl,ISj*,ua* State?   Merely re-
tag- the  dominant  class;
OaaW-lmi'gOWer, whose interest lies
li » aillOirfti direction to the interest
:e is merely the force that
e ruling class to
Matrlot of New Westminster.
TAKE notice that David Stewart Ryan
of Vancouver, occupation miner, Intends
to apply for permission to lease the following described land:—
Commencing at a post planted near
an unnamed Island about two miles from
the south end of Texada Island on the
east side, thence west 40 chains, thence
south 60 chains, thence oast 40 chains
more or less to the foreshore, thence ln
a northwesterly direction to point of
-ommencemont, containing 240 acres
more or less.
Dated November and, 1910.
ing class.
bodies of drilled and armed
are  only  necessary   where  the
.ler number of the people are sub-
t to the few, and those civil and
llltary  forces  necessary  to  control
the oppressed and exploited class are
the "State."
The State grew up at a certain atage
of economic development with the
growth of tbe classes, and when the
classes are abolished the State will go
too.   Socialism means no State.
The propertyless have no "rights"
under capitalism—not even the right
to live. Far from being In any way
free they are the property, to all intents and purposes, of the propertied
class. Our opponents have been misled by the so-called friends of the worker—the munlcipal-cum-natlonallBer—
by the pet theory of the Fabian, who
Le superstition of the Fabian
wiorshlpper in any way preferable? To
\y worship the State and toll to
supposed experts in con-
(*or we are told, Fabian Essay,
thatjt is probable that the "cap.
*ot lniustry wlll be more highly
l-"the rank and file of the
atmy") is as great an error,
tH sup°if 'ition, as to wor-
a^l^M***, and Us supposed descen-
i4jo:.t ii
■<j&0MrO9a%yai must, be forced to realize
1m%*'tJtynrQipl bia emancipation he
ld4«card all superstition and must
•ri9 i)**i led ail(* bosaed by self-
■»*Nri ''mjMm l"-'>'sons." He must
mnaotnpmtifbfit In order to obtulu the
•TQSXi. t/j*1v|)tff necessary for life, with
the lojggtj aHfenilltiire of energy he
must organise, with his fellows.
Individual production is played out.
Without doubt the best results are to
be obtained by social production. All
the evil Is caused by that co-operation
ndimg with production, and the wealth,
socially produced, being owned by a
Bmall section of the community. We
cannot go back to individual production, nor is It desirable. What
must ultimately come Is fl. syBtem
wherein wealth shall be socially produced and collectively owned by the
producers, who shall say in what way
and In what quantity it shall be produced.
In brief, the means and instruments
for producing and distributing wealth
must be owned and controlled by the
whole working community.—Twell—In
Socialist Standard.
1911 EXECUTIVE    , , ,  ,  ,
Sec'y. Dom. Ex. Committee,
Dear Comrade: —
At a meeting of Local No. 1, held
December 13th, the following Comrades were elected to form the Executive Committee: D. O. McKenzie, E.
T, Kingsley, J. O. Morgan, H. N. Fitzgerald, W. W. Taylor, O. Mengel, J. A.
Local No. 1 desires to inform the
party membership that they repudiate
all public words and actions of Dr. W.
J. Curry, as he ls no longer a member
of the party; Dominion Executive notified to acquaint all Locals with this
Yours in revolt,
F. PERRY, Sec'y.
LOCAL B08BLAND, NO. 25, 8. P. Of C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell. Secy., P. O
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays al
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
54 Rossland. ,
LOCAL    VANCOUVEB,   B.   C,  NO.  1.—
Canada.       Business     meetings     every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
P. of C. Hearquartera 622 First St., I
Business and propaganda meetings \
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.i
Our Reading Room is open to the pub-J
He free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.e
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secro-11
tary. Treasurer, T. Bissett, 322 Fourth]
St., Organizer.
S. P. of C.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sun-f
day in the month, at 4 p.m. lnl
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. I
Peacock, Box 1983.
LOCAL BEOINA NO. 8, SASKATCHEWAN.—Meets every Sunday, 3 p.m., I
Trades Hall. Suarth St. Secretary,
Alex. Watchman, General Delivery.
Socialist speakers will be greatly appreciated.
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide |
Street, opposite Hoblln Hotel. Bualness meeting every Monday evening at J
3 p 111. Propaganda meeting Sunday J
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. 1
Secretary, J. W. Hilling, 270 Young j
OP  C.    Business   meetings   2nd   and'
4th   Wednesdays   In   the   month,   at j
the Labor Temple, Church St.    Out-J
door propaganda mcotlngs, Saturday,
8 p.m., City Hall; Sunday afternoon,
3 p.m., at University and Queen St: .
Sunday night, 8 p.m., at Snuter and I
Yonge   St.     Speakers'    Class   every I
Thursday,   8   p.m.,   at  Headouarten,
79    Church    Bt.    Secretary,    Arthur
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOCAL BBANTTOBD, No. 16, 8. P. of O.
Meets at headquarters, 13 George St.,
every Thursday und sunduy nlglita.
Business and Speakers' Class on Thursdays: Economic Class on Sundays.
Wage workers invited. A. W. Baker, I
Secretary, 9 George St. W. Davenport, Organizer,  141 Nelson St.
LOOAL   OfTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   P.   of  O. j
Business    meeting     1st    Sunday . Oil
month, and propaganda meetings fol-1
lowing  Sundays  at  8  p.m.  In   Robert-,
Allan  hall,  78  Hideau  St.    John Lyons,
Secretary, 43 Centre St.
Business     and   Propaganda     meeting I
every Thursday at 8 p.m.  In Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street.    All are welcome.    Alfred Nash, Corresponding Se- '
cretary,  Glace  Bay;    Win.  Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen:   H. G. Ross,
Financial   Secretary,   ofbee   In   D.   N.',
Brodie   Printing   Co.   building,   Union
To Canadian   Socialists
On account of increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International socialist Review in Canada
$1.20 a year Instead of S1.00. We
can, however, make the following
special offers:
For J3.00 we will mail three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mall ten
copies of any one Issue.
For J3.00 we wlll mall the Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
134  West Klnzle St., Chicago.
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Executive
"Slave 0/ The Farm," or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the publishing fund, $1.00
per 100, to others 25c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Profit," to subribers
to publishing fund $2 per 100, to others
30c per doz.
' 'Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"   to subscribers  to   publishing
fund (6 per 100, to others 75c per doz.
(To Locala.)
Charter    (with    neceaaary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership  Carda, each     .01
Duea Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application   blank
par 100'    .25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100. 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constltut.ons, per dozen, 50c.
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen       50
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    25c
The Rights of Man, Paine...   25c
The Story of Creation, Clodd 25c
Lite of Jesus, Ronan    25c
Age of Reason, Paine    25c
Merrie England    20c
Ingersoll'a Lectures, 1st, 2nd
and 3rd series  each 25c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
305 Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
Chas. Molcahey. Prop.
*®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®*®®®®®m nuniv   ncfcuncn .11.   lain.
si - • —\ «- ■*-« si -. • .,;. ms m, em.
SKJ-Ki* »*t-J*U**M-1 HY-TttrL *'. ii'S'.V
SATURDAY,  DECEMBER  i4th,  1910.
Tb'" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive  Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to.
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box   1688, Vancouver, B. C.
Comrade Mac:—
Being, in a measure responsible for
the exception to which Com. Watklnson takes exception, re Local Ottawa's
report of the Baritz meetings, in that
I asked the Local to include said exception in said report, I would like to
notice the Comrade's letter In a somewhat limited manner, asking all concerned to please remember that I
speak only for myself, and not in any
way lor the Local.
Iu passing, I might just say that
there was a small attendance at that
Special meeting, twelve or thirteen, I
think, and the minutes give the vote
as four to one, so that Comrade W.
has not been quite fair to the Local in
hiB criticism, although he no doubt
meant to be so. His reference to the
editor is hardly fair either, which he
should know, as I remember of—at
least two occasions on which the editor stated his position on this same
subject—and quite in harmony, I
think, with Local Ottawa's exception,
however, the editor is quite able to defend himself, so I'll pass on. .lust one
word more then I'll come down to the
' question at issue, and that word ls
that no matter how foolish or irrational Local Ottawa may have acted
ln taking exception to Comrade Baritz' statement, many will agree with
me that said action has been productive of good results.
The problem seems to be, "Can a
Socialist be a Christian, or a believer
in Christ or God?" I think we might
get nearer the solution by asking other
questions, quite as pertinent, maybe,
although, perhaps, not quite so complicated, such as "Can a Socialist love
hla wife?" "Can a wise man act the
fool?" "Can one be both rational and
irrational at the same time?" etc.
I am sorry I do not know whether
Com. W. is married or not.   Still, many
Socialists must, I think, profess to love
their wives.   Does he think they can
consistently love them,   and   give   a
[I   scientific reason for doing so?    I re-
^i ier of course, to Love as it is common-
■^y understood.    Take a look at Love
from "the material or realistic point
of view," and what have you?    Will
Com. W. put lt in print?   He seems to
be an idealist, a very peculiar position
for    "a class-conscious, revolutionary
Socialist" to be in.
Of course, we know that the Ideal,
or perfect Socialist would not or could
not believe In God, love his wife, kiss
his baby, trust his friend (or even
trust himself for that matter), or do
any one of the thousands of things
that are done daily by Socialists, class-
conscious, revolutionary ones at that,
but the Ideal, or perfect mind has not
been developed yet, perhaps may never be, so thai we have to—ub someone
has Bald—-"accept the universe as it
is," Socialists Included, with their
many weaknesses nnd Inconsistencies,
besides, os the Clarion editor has bo
ably proven, "things arc as they ought
to be and ought to be as they are," so
that the Com. Ib acting very Irrationally ln kicking about them, not being
perfect though, he cannot help that.
His statemont of the Christian position, i.e., that "a great man made a
great earth G,000 years ago," etc., Is a
very crude wny of putting it, nnd manifestly unfair. However, the Christians are free to reply and restate
their position, so I'll let that pass.
We have a member In the Local
here who claims to be a "scientific Christian," what would Com. W.
that pass   We have a member in the
work with them. We have several
Christians in our Local here and, personally, I wish we had hundreds more
as good as they are. At the same time
I can sympathize with Comrade W. as
I am a bit of an idealist myself, and
hope to see more of his letters ln the
Clarion in the near future.
In closing, I must ask those Comrades who are educated to bear with
any faults of expression or misuse of
terms, as my schooldays ended ere
they were rightly begun, at the tender
age of eight, and also ask all Comrades to remember that even as I write
I am thinking of my four little babes
and wondering when I shall find work
—babies who would be crying for
food even now, were it not for their
dear, brave mother who is away
scrubbing or washing, as the case may
be, to procure them the necessaries
of life. Oh, Comrades; in theory be
as critical, aB clear-cut as you like, but
in practical, every-day life, be as tolerant, broad-minded, humane as possible. Let everyone who will help do
bo, and if some wish to help who do
not know how, be kind, patient teachers:
How sore the burden, strange the
How full of splendour, wonder, fear;
Life, atom of the Infinite space that
'Twixt the Here and there.
I am sure this must be too long for
your space, but you can cut it bhort
where you like. I believe this matter
is going to be brought up in our Local
here again, and no doubt more of the
comrades will express themselves
on It.
Yours in revolt,
To give one example: the theories
of organic and inorganic development
known as evolutionary, are accepted
by all men of science and also by most
of the professors of theology. Sixty
years ago, ind before Darwin's "Origin of Species" and Spencer's "First
Principles," Karl Marx outlined the
evolutionary theory as applied to society. And in 1905 Professor Darwin
stated that "applying the evolutionary
method to the state, we found that the
state would progress until lt reached the point when it could no longer
properly perform its functions; then a
revolution was necessary for that progress to go on and a new state to be
established."   I think that one example I sycophants, If not utterly devoid of a
the mouth of the mine, and ls approximately two and one-half miles from
the face of the entry."
We would call the attention of our
readers generally, and those versatile
pen artists of the press who feel lt incumbent upon them, regardless of their
ignorance of mining engineering, to
attribute the blame to the carelessness of the miner, as they pass judgment of an unthinking mind, that in
the explosion above referred to there
was nobody inside the mine at the
time, hence lt could not have been "the
several for $1.00, enough books to
keep you busy studying it up for
some time. Years ago I used to pity
the "poor misguided fellow who
thought he was doing me a kindness
by paying for the Clarion to be sent
6 months to me." Now I consider it
in the front rank, and will try to repay
his efforts doing my best when I can.
1( "They do not know that a- commodity Ib not produced till it la In the
onsumers' hands."
Reply.   Until goods are In the con-
umers hands there Is an uncertainty
Jlfere and 9/ow
recklessness of some foreigner Btrlk- as to whether they will ever get there
Ing a match to light his cigarette or |or not. An earthquake, or fire or
pipe."    These   corporation-hypnotized other disaster might destroy them be-
aclntilla of analytical acumen, are urged to examine tbe following FACTS,
which are a matter of record and not
surmise. ,»»■
An explosion takfl^Wlate on Thanksgiving Day, when mtmtnyWOiOt a single
human being v/itM**. «ha Hi*"
Now read oogmWrnt ■li'jiilf II lca-
tions   which p aae*4 MMjMlW-evue
should be enough to prove Karl Marx
a genius, and as his labors have been
of great benefit to the working class
he is entitled to our respect. I think
that Comrade Rosoman's article was
sufficient proof of the robbery of the
producing class.
In regard   to   the   "Appeal,"   why
should    we not criticise?    I am certain that it is not above criticism. As j and Edmontoi; bai* %Uwt,;»'*(* «'
for its "doing things." Proof, my friend 3«-J*l'i|ja»*j*ai etiia\ a
not assertion. If its mission is to educate, what has it done for Downie?
As for "man being a two-fold being*"'
and having a "spiritual part as well
as a physical." What medieval rubbish for a 20th century man to talk
about. Anyone with a smattering of
knowledge about biology knows that
the individual commences its existence when the male sperm meets theJM**|gi
female ovum and they coalesce into ■ E
J. F.
Editor Mac: —
With your permission I will throw
some light on that report from Ottawa
to which F. W. of Toronto rightly took
exception. In the first place the
epecial meeting referred to was not
called for the express purpose of censuring Moses Baritz—who, in ray estimation, easily proved the impregnability of his position and that of the
S.   P.  of  C,   insofar  aa   tho  niatorialls.
tic conception of history is concerned.
2nd. During the course of the Local's
regular order of business, Comrade
Barltz' work presents itself and caused a lengthy discussion, the essence
of which was his value as a propagandist, only a few members participated,
one suggested that the Secretary write
a report to the "Western Clarion," another suggested an amendment to the
effect that Local take exception to his
(Baritz) statement "That a Christian
could not be a Socialist." In order
that the Trinity should be perfect one
more suggestion was necessary and
that came in form of a negative that
the secretary do not send a report of
Barltz' meeting but let the whole tiling
drop. Now Mac, my powers of memorizing a lengthy discussion may be
limited, nevertheless the issue when in
the last lap appeared to me to be a
question of whether or not a report
minus that exception which had been
dropped, should be sent.
3rd. My position is lhat of Recording Secretary and I have recorded
in the Minutes the following motion:
October 10th, 1910. Moved by A. C.
Olennie, seconded by L. Gulbrendsen
that Secretary Lyons write the 'Western Clarion' a report of Barltz' meetings, keeping as near to facts as possible.   In favor of motion four, against
one. Moreover, mover of motion did
make out of him? Com. W. says, "it jnot vote imv|ng left the hall earner in
is essential that the party members lno eV(,n|ngi since then another busl-
Bhould be perfectly clear upon this L^g meeting na3 transpired. The
point." It would be nice if thoy were, | meml)el.s ut whlch approved the min-
I admit, but I am afraid he wlll have utBg or tho prevlous meeting, not one
to write one more letter at least, before they will be. I appreciate his
effort at any rate. He also snys,
"there is no connection between a
Christian and a Socialist." It both
were wage-slaves, I should think there
would be, surely. I hardly understand
why we are to confine our antagonism
to Christianity. Are not all religions
resting on the same base, looked at
from the material or realistic point
of view? Why, then, single out Christianity? The assertion that "we Socialists do not believe anything," ls
rather sweeping, I think. Surely belief has a resting place ln the make up
of any rational or normal mind! I do
not know that Com. W. existB, but I
believe he does, or at least that he
would like to were conditions more
suitable to his Idealistic nature, rower
Christian Socialists, etc. I also wonder why he has concentrated his efforts on Ottawa, and ignored the Marl-
time Comradea who also took exception to Com. Barttz' statement, I still
maintain that lt Is not necessary to
take up a course ln theology before becoming a member of the Socialist
Party of Canada. I think that so long
as Christians are willing to join our
party and work with us toward the
desired end, we should be willing to
(even the secretary) taking exception
of secretary's exception which now.
casts a serious reflection on the intelligence of Ottawa Comrades. Personally I appreciate Comrade WatklnBon's
sound reasoning but disapprove of his
criticism directed at Local No. 8. Finally I do not know why John Lyons
puta auch emphasla on that report (exception part), whether it was to provoke discussion among party members
or was used as a means to flnd out
what stand the larger portion (non-
present members), ot Local No. 8 took
on this very Important point, remains
to be seen.
Yours for revolution,
Editor Clarion:—
In number 609 you have an article
from one Downie. For cant, humbug
and willful display of Ignorance lt ls
the limit. He says "that we have
Karl Marx for God." As Socialists
recognize no god, tin or otherwise, hat
ls easily disposed of. We do, however
recognize that Karl Marx was a genius, because bis observations on, and
explanations of society have been
proved correct.
■■'tt-. -PMM^M* 3, 1910.
StitiaH, g*Mimtm .gfepector of
Eella-rua Minan' Vnttm desires the
preset*-**'*** ttm, Intneebw immediately.
Ani/u:^gBgam JitlES BURKE.
'.-I   memmiaXon, Dec. 3, 1910.
t*mm^>mwmt?%m\\'eyw, Alta.
Tot wM M«H> is Inspector requir-
Bi>ta>C-J Wire immediately.
single celled individual.   As there wo*"* |'i*rfi<i • afWHWiial Inspector of Mines
no spirits, bottled or ethereal, m*MO . '    Bellevue, Dec.3, 1910.
sperm and ovum, when and ho*-^J*i *£ -K-gtMil^, Provincial Inspector of
they get into the individual?   mmrgnt .utyfei '''"Mites, Edmonton, Alta.
friend Downie, it is time he <MlM*-*,\iajiiere'Aa' gas in considerable quanti-
lleving  the   medieval   superstWa*' --*• tie* ta the mine since explosion,
dead priests and started to tapBfWO'il    wuA-j-lF   (Signed) JAMES BURKE.
tiling of present day scieijiefci- , i,oA tt Edmonton, Dec. 4, 1910.
As for seeing articles i-aite-*-******* \Jmms% Burke, Bellevue.
from the "Appeal" and iLatr**t>ety,thW | .*§6ur wire reecived. Have instructed
"Clarion"  I  'can  prove  l****Hmir|*«^n'1' [M*fr*c*B>t ■' Heathcote to make investi-
have seen articles from tgm "<Bar*l***# jpftton at Bellevue immediately,
in the    "International!! -taeialitRnflUk   tttis m>-jsigned)  JOHN  STIRLING,
view," "The Weekly :Jte*ta,"-aMi«H|| .rt-Klv- .-*. ,   ,   .
ore ever they reached the consumer,
and thus, as far as the consumer was
oncerned, would no more be produced than a crop of cabbages might
be called produced before the seed
was in the ground. Again every act of
handing the goods to the consumer ls
part of the process of production.
Part may be called distribution but
lt is all part of production: as goods
where you can't get them, are not
produced. Proof of production Is In
the consuming.
(2) "They do not know that commodities sell at cost of production."
What is cost of production? Do you
think it means cost to the capitalist?
No, it costs the capitalist nothing.
Profit means "something for nothing,"
and profit Is what the capitalist grows
fat on. Cost ot production means
what is costs the working-class In
sweat and time, to produoe goods; for
you must know goods are not produced by individuals of the working
class in these days of complex machinery and division of labor; but only
by the whole working class. Work
you or I might do would be no more
on an average than work anyone else
would do to produce any one commodity. A farmer does not produce
wheat or hogs or beef. He only does
a share of producing these, since he
is no longer a wild man, doing his
work with only his hands and feet, but
is living in a house, buying all sorts
"Grain Growers' OuW*." And ty mmm
all  the very artiti*, Doinil* aVtMttSa
was quoted iu nfuU::«n*l-.>an- «HtWia
article on it t*o:ln;«ie'"1W**Mr ***».
pie" of Nov. ljtt>-- : -*■-	
-I* mr,ti MUiif***;****!'   jftwi.rjic
v^B** fi**mS**cflrWffJmWi
lure  %$%**.
ioi societJHI
fights for iJfijjl
nearer   getting
fool   away      irae'
clpal dog tax.
her goal
or worn-
thing wJj
n   thojjj
On Saturday morning a repo
ed town of another of those
colliery  disasters  seemingly
ubly associated with the coal
dustry.   We use the word "se-
because,   although   realizing
e'iminate all accidents is not
we   do  know  that  it  is  undi
within human scop^i to decrei
sensibly  the  fearful toll [of
limb that is exacted lp the prj
of fuel on this continent,.'.'Thi
boast of newapaperdom,  echi
reactionary  and  grossly  mat|
thoughts of the dominant clasi
ent day society, screechingjy,
"Prosperity and Progress,"
interpretation thereof   is
narrow and sordid, and limited
very small percentage of the commiin-
ity in whom egoism has reached super-,
The vast difference between the mortality of the toilers under the earth, on
the European and on the American,
continent, has called forth comments.
that the mine is safe, yet,
8 hours an explosion occurs
len are hurled into eternity!
yman must be forced to the
n that gas does not recur spas-
nunlicafly at such short Intervals as
. ib**gy*|uoted, viz., Dec. 3, gas;  Dec.
'ttk, II* gas; Dec. 9th, EXPLOSION!—-
^ J^a***-*****, Ledger.
of goods, wearing all kinds of clothes,
"Sftcome of these telegrams was I to., ad finitum. Moreover profit is
Van December 7th, and concrete never made out of commodities, but
of this is posted at the mouth out of people, and the producers of the
an ine on a notice which read's 'goods being the only ones who create
values, the producers are the only ones
who can be robbed of these values
So profit could not be made out of the
goods or the consumers; but out of
he producers, and as these goods are
not produced till the last act of production is performed, and they are in
the consumers' hands; coBt of pro
duction goes on till that last act
in, done; and that explains why you
re~^^ piainanguagn; aira in;*(can—Bci.-B«"-*o"'°»»«»i"-" **■ ***r "*•■
th miners and officials of the
a, is  to  certify  that   I,   Elijah
e have examined No. 1 seam
d  the timbering, ventilation
ral condition to be good, and
Bind any gas present."
. ,110V -I*-! Dec. 7th, 1910.
•   •   •
k'ibove, given by a government
(who is supposed to be duly
jpnorals are determined by our
ent."   When the contributors
n sending in semi-legible pen-
|opy,   written   on   both  sides
near-white  paper,  ia  it  any
l**5( that  the  morals  of  the  edi-
^aff go on the hog?
ot get the Clarion for several
er it came owing to short days
ih work, but when I did get It
and BOyt 'the above heading I said to
myself: Alia! What's this? A bone
to pick wlthva parson, I suppose, and
read it anxiously through but happily
lt did not appear to be from a parson.
Before I answer It I might say that if
.any parsome or priests don't like what
from writers, but despite t^eir iterated B00-a-lgt8 say they should 8tudy books
and reiterated statements regarding 0n evolution and science and Socialist
the subject, there is no appreciable
change effected. To accomplish the
object desired will necessitate not only
the stirring into action of public opinion, enlightened through the medium
of the labor press, but a atrenuous determination on the part of those immediately involved to refuse absolutely to enter theae death trapa and
incur the riak of immolation of themselves and the consequent misery to
those dependent upon them for support.
Let ua cease from generalization,
and deal exclusively with the Bellevue
catastrophe, the worst up to date in
the annals of Alberta.
The following is an extract from
the report that appeared in our issue
of November 5th, under the caption of
"Fortunate Explosion—Nobody Hurt—
Material Damage Only."
"On Thanksgiving Day an explosion
occurred in No. 1 Mine. . . . The cause
of the explosion has not yet been ascertained, but it ls very significant
that the fan stopped over Sunday,
which would no doubt contribute to
the mischief. It has of late become,
quite a practice to allow the fan to remain idle over Sunday, and as there
is only one fan for No.l, the mine must
of necessity fill up with gas."
"It is interesting to note that there
are only two outlets to this mine, Nos.
45 and 81 chutes respectively. . . . The
distance from No. 1 to the face of the
entry is approximately 2,450 feet. The
fan, which ls of the 'Pusher' type, is
located some few hundred feet from
standard-works: as. their supposed arguments are no arguments at all to
a Socialist. When a parson declares
that he'preach'es nothing but the truth,
his is an idea of his owm, that lie calls
the truth or something he hns read
from somb book or the bible. Socialists want proof'not mere statements
without proof.' !'S6 I refuse to occupy
space by answering any of the usual
kind of parson-kickB.
Now, with regard to Mr. Downle's
letter, I am glad he has written it as
it is a sign that he is seeking knowledge on. the subject (or he would not
own that he reads the Clarion and Appeal to Reason). I might say that
each clause of his letter would make
a good subject to write upon; but as
as I have a wage-slave with me and
3 or 4 more coming along they will be
disturbing my thoughts so I will confine my answer to the two items charg;
ed up against me by our correspondent,
hoping that other comrades will take
up the other clauses and deal with
them (page 3, No. 608.)
With most readers of the Western
Clarion the subjects of production of
commodities and the selling at cost
are so familiar that it seems like
"vain repetition" to us. But let me
give the advice that has been my experience, aB I used to think similar
thoughts to our correspondent's at one
time. My advice is, get all the books
you can on Socialism (scientific) and
study them. There are some good
little books that the editor of Western
Clarion   can  send  you  a selection  of
like Eatons', than from the little store
in some town or village. At the
latter place, there has been added
more cost of production by tho extra
handling and of course a lot of this
ts wasteful so that the robbing of the
producer is greater when he has to
get the goods at the place where there
has been a great deal more cost incorporated into them. A man, as stat.
ed above, does not individually pro-
uce a commodity so we say he produces values, and it takes on an average one-fifth of these values he daily
produces to reproduce his labor power.
He surrenders four-fifths of his daily
production to the capitalist. This constitutes the main robbery of the producer at the point of production, the
petty robbery being his getting less
goods in exchange for his money
wages on account of extra cost of production sometimes, etc. This four-
fifths is not all profit to the capitalist,
but has to be divided Into a good many
items and the employing capitalist
only realizes part of it. But each unit
of the four-fifths Is of the same value
as the one-fifth which goes to reproduce labor power. So you see, on the
average, If five laborers each got paid
one-fifth, each of the five would be able
to buy back as much as the one who
produced the five-fifths and got one-
fifth as his wage. And as the one who
produced the five-fifths was paid the
full value of his labor-power based on
the cost of production, each ot the
others would be getting their one-
fifth based on cost of production,
Enough to reproduce labor-power Is
all on the average, that is paid to the
workers because the shirkers have it
arranged so as to keep 54 per cent of
the working class constantly out of
work and ready to compete against
those who are in work for a lower
wage if it were possible. One fifth of
the values produced by each worker on
the average constitute cost of production of his labor-power and the four-
fifths as shown above sells at the same
rate of cost of production. This four-
fifths being called "surplus value" all
profits being made out of surplus values sold at value or average cost of
production. Relative value which determines price is based on the average
cost of production of that commodity
called gold as compared with cost of
producing other commodities. Time
being the one factor common to all
kinds of commodities in production.
So you see that social average time of
production, would also prove in a short
way that goods sold on the average at
cost of production. Just to fill out this
sheet I will anBwer another statement.
Our correspondent sayB "Man Ib a
twofold being, there is a spiritual part
as well as a physical."   This is the an-
When the astronomer puts bis ey«
to tbe glass for the purpose ot studying the heavens, he has no preconceived
notions of what he shall find there,
but faithfully records in the book of
stcence what the stars reveal to him.
The geologist wandering over the earth
examining its crust, or the chemlat ln
his laboratory, reveal to us tbe nature
of the earth and the results of experiments in the laboratory. The capitalists encourage tbem and see that
they have all the necessary tools to
work with, because they need the
knowledge   thus gathered.
By watching the heavens the astronomer is able to inform the capitalist
when there is likely to be too much
or too little rain. Using this knowledge
he Ib -able to bull or bear the market.
The chemist, on the other hand, be,
uses for various purposes, such as discovering new methods of dyeing goods
or the adulterating ot food stuffs, and
so all along the line. Science in spite
of Itself is the mistress of capitalism.
But there is one branch ot science
which ls, perhaps, the most important
of all as tar as the working class ls
concerned, namely, political economy.
Here the scientist is handicapped.
Why? Because under no circumstances ls he permitted to teach the result
of his studies. If the economist sticks
to the ideas and ideals ot the ruling
class, teaching thrift, sobriety, etc., and
informing his students that by practicing these virtues they can beoome
capitalists, there ls no harm done,
and the rulers are satisfied. Let htm
show the existence of classes; or
teach the commodity nature of labor
power, or anything which would In
anyway endanger the rule of the capitalist and out he goes. Press, pulpit,
platform, and all the sycophants of
the ruling class unite in damning him.
Now, the reason I am writing this Is
because Gribble has been with us
since last Sunday and has held four
meetings, the like of which has never
been held in Calgary. The nature of
his talks has been so instructive along
economic lines, that he has revealed,
to me at least, the necessity of the
working class having such teacher*
that are able to wake the sluggish
mind of the proletalre, and compel him
to recognize hiB potential power, to
that the working class wlll use the
knowledge and science of the world
to make this old place a better world
to live in and a far far better place
to fulfil the destiny of man.
The holidays have not commenced
among the sub-hustlers as yet. Following is the result of their activities:
Angus Nicholson, Britannia Mine.. 10
Geo, Howell, Calgary  4
A. W. Baker, Brantford  4
M. Wayman, Ottawa   4
A. G. McCallum, Ottawa   3
Jos. Naylor, Cumberland B. C  3
Wm. Maxwell, Cumberland, B. C... 2
Lestor, Edmonton   2
C. BurgesB, City     2
G. Mcintosh, City  2
Singles—Alfred Ruls, Gibsons Landing, B. O.j Jack Place, Nanaimo, B. C;
M. Stafford, South Wellington, B. C;
Wm. M. Bennett, Sandon, B. C; W.
Haggart, Union Bay, B. O.j Wm. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta.; Thos. Frame,
McLeod, Alta.; John Lyons, Ottawa,
Out.; Geo. Gunderson, Port Arthur,
Out.; H. Biistabje, Brandon, Man.;
Dan. McDonald, Minneapolis, Minn.;
C. Yada, Japanese Consul; F. Allen,
Spiirtaeiis, "Smith," City; C. McMahon
Smith, Brooklyn, N. Y.
thropolatric Idea and It lias no proof,
is only an Idea. A statement lu cusy
to make but when you look into facts
you cun there only llnd proof of anything. What you call spiritual lu merely a part of the function of the brain
and as Boon as the brain nets injured
this disappears. When Ihe brain is
(Hseased one is liable to do all sorts
of things of an Irrational nature. When
the brain is normal Ihe being is rational. Evolution which you muBt be-
live in as you see it every day, explains the evolution of mind as well
as anything else and we can trace the
Hist crude efforts of mind from the
first thing which had to get Its own
living, even Increasing as the evolution progressed towards man. If you
don't believe ln evolution you would
not believe a child developed to an
adult or an egg turned into a chick or
a seed to a plant. A churchman told
me that hiB parson had told bim that
Darwin's theory of evolution was exploded, and no one believed it now,
but I found that the Bame man
thought he would evolve into an angel
after he died. I told him If he disbelieved In evolution angels would
have to be separately created, if at
all, to be logical. Perhaps, however,
he had a special kind of evolution to
suit himself; but nature cares no more
for you or mo than it doeB for a mosquito and no sensible man would think
things were done specially for him.
SATURDAY,   DECEMBER  24th,   1910.
There is one kind of Socialist, and
many kinds of so-called Socialists, but
of these latter there are two principal
kinds—the purely metaphysical reason-
er and the part scientific and part
metaphysical reasoner. The scientific
Socialist is the real Socialist because
he reasons upon purely scientific lines
only and therefore has basic proof for
everything he says. Trut'i and proof going with all his arguments no one can
assail him successfully in a logical
way. With him the proof of the pudding is in the eating and not in the premeditated eating of it. And what IS,
ls; not only what some think ought to
be. With our scientific Socialist the
God that Moses Bartiz talked about Ib
the specimen dished up to us by the
aky-pllots every and each day (the
ACTUAL eating, you see of the pudding has the proof) and not the beautiful picture-painted God that some metaphysical dreamer thinks Moses Baritz
should kow-tow down to. When some
of these metaphysical kickers get more
scientific they will come to reason
things out straighter and will, many of
them, see the truth of what the scientific Socialists preach.
Of the so-called Socialists the purely
metaphysical reasoner is the only one
who can spto us a charming and complete yarn sometimes of great interest, as a good novel sometimes is. This
kind is generally verbose and can tell
Socialist fairy tales, build co-operative
castles ln the air and usually talk a
lot about "eternal justice," "the spirit.
ual side of a question, etc." They are,
however, a little lacking in reasoning
powers and generally sickly emotional
and sensational. Their yarns appeal to
passion rather than to reason. They
are generally very good at catching on
with the ignorant crowd, who are used
to reading fiction and also hearing it
preached from the pulpit and whose
minds therefore have been fed on, and
grown up on, this kind of food. However, I don't know how these metaphysical specimens can truthfully say
they are preaching the truth when
they talk about things of which they
can know nothing. Having never encompassed the cycle of eternity, how
can they talk about "eternal justice."
The only justice the real Socialist
knows is the kind of justice meted out
dally, viz., ruling-class justice.
The other so-called Socialist—the
one who mixes scientific and metaphysical Indiscriminately is the kind that
gives me a dull pain in the neck. How
does he catch you comrades eh? His
arguments describe a series of cycles
* auu'you'unft'uiui"iDTei--iroiiiiue vst-i. tu
the same old mlxed-up spot. He distorts and lies, falsifies and everything
else, and all the time thinks he is
arguing fairly. Here Is a sample of
this kind of mind. I asked my-frlend
if he believed in science and he said he
did, so I asked him If ln all his experience of forty years he had ever found
by any kind of mental juggling that
two and two make more than four. He
said "certainly not, how could we determine any sum or calculation or
measurement if two and two made
more than four. No he bellved it to be
a scientific law and therefore immutable." So I said, do you believe in
what Is called the super-natural such
as miracles? "Why of course I do;
who could not believe in miracles, do
you think that the one who could make
a world out of nothing, could not do
anything else he pleased?" Do you
believe in the miracle of the loaves
and fishes?" I said. "Certainly," he
"There you are" said I, "on the one
hand you say two and two only make
four and an. the other hand you in so
many words say that two and two can
make as many as lt might at any
time please the almighty to make them
total up." Comrades, you see plainly
that science and metaphysics, like oil
and water, won't m,x so make your
reasoning sound and pure and true and
it will then be on the scientific side,
Comrade "Taque" who dwells
amongst us here and to whose endeavors on behalf of Socialism in our
district we are indebted in the way of
thanks and appreciation, in delivering
a lecture, once told the people a few of
the tricks of the paint trade (he fs
a painter and decorator, artist, Socialist and an all-round good man in our
ranks, and knows what he is talking
about). He said that oil and water
pure will not mix so the trick in order
to mix them is to make them impure,
when they mix easy. The same with
Socialism—the two lines of reasoning
namely, the scientific and the metaphysical purely, will not mix, so those
who mix the two have to make each
impure—they throw in so many side-
issues and non-essentials* that the aver,
age ignorant listener or reader gets
brain-fag and lands up nowhere in the
finiBh. "A whole lot of talk and nothing said" is the usual verdict in cases
of this last named kind of guy-Socialist. Give 'em the pure dope every time
and let the religion ignoramus squirm.
The truth never comes to us sugars
coated but is a HARD HITTER, ir
we want the truth which will "set us
free" we must stand the blow.
Of course, strictly speaking, Socialists do not thank one another for their
work and efforts on behalf of Socialism. Each Socialist works for Socialism for his own benefit. We do not
thank a man when he eats his own
breakfast, because he eats it for his
own good, and so it is with the Socialist, he is scientifically selfish, knowing
that Socialism stands for the producing
class getting the full value of their
product, he cannot get all the values
he produces until all the workers get
the full benefit of their production. So
he preaches Socialism to hasten the
day when he will be free, as well as
all his clasa, from the exploitation of
the Capitalist class. Selfishness of a
scientific nature therefore might be
counted more aB a natural virtue than
otherwise because it is the agency that
is going to free all mankind from
Another fellow I got talking to, who
had read Kant & Haeckel, et al, said:
"Ach! you are one of those Socialists
too? I tell you it will never come.
You can't alter human nature, never."
I said, "Socialists are not such fools,
we know we can't alter human nature,
nor change the leopard's spots, but
we can alter human institutions. Evo-
lution alone alters any part of nature
not man; or has man any kick against
human .nature!" He said if I read
Kaut I would know that Socialism was
impossible. I told him that Socialists had dealt' with Kaut. We could
prove our position and claims by irrefutable argument. Whereupon my
friend in a scornful tone of voice—
"You can prove anything by argument,
why, by Jove! I can easily and logically
prove that I am not really standing
here." "Go ahead," said I, "and when
you have finished your proof allow me
to empty the chambers of a revolver
in the direction the proof came from
He said "Well—er—hardly." "Why
not?' said I, "If you have proven that
you are not there the bullets could
not nurt you; but perhaps, I suppose,
you might be afraid they might kill
your argument! This man, howeve-,
was. a sample of the.usual "intellec-
ual" opponent of Socialism. With the
same mixed reasoning. Comrades,
keep strictly to the scientific or basic
fact of reasoning and you wlll easily
beat then every time.
P. S.—After writing above and on
account of delay ln posting it on, I got
Clarion No. 608, December 3rd, and on
Page 4 I read the letter by Frank Wat-
kinson of Toronto. Comrades that
letter ought to be published by the S.
P. of C. in pamphlet form for the education of the workers and the clarifying of the minds of our Comrades who
are not yet scientific. Allusion is made
to Comrade Baritz and religion. Who
but an abject, ignorant slave of the
belly-crawling type would In these days
pray to an idol of imaginary form
for thine is the kingdom,, the power
and the glory, for ever and ever." It
ls that kind of dope pumped into children by their fond but ignorant parents
before the children are weaned; and
continued through after years by the
priests and clergy for the sole purpose
of keeping the people tame and easily
robbed that makes it so hard for Socialists to get the working-lass to reason things out correctly. We cannot
make good Socialists of them till we
knock out this accursed religion, this
belly-crawli*ng, master and slave, religion.
"I heard a man say, pa, that Bill's
wife had died of a broken heart, and
two of the girls had turned out bad,
and that it was more than likely all
the others would, as no one would
hire them because their father was a
thief. He said, too, that Bill would
come out of prison a regular criminal."
"You see, my son, the way of the
transgressor is uard; and the sins of
the parents are visited on the children."
"If ma was sick, and me and the
rest was starving, and you had no
money, and couldn't get work, and had
a chance to steal a loaf of bread, and
couldn't get it any other way, what
would you do, pa?"
"I'd    Why do you ask such
foolish questions?"
"Because I think you'd be too mean
to live if you didn't steal it, pa.   And
had been oni(tl»e jury, Bill wouldn't
be ln JaiL;1aKd-rWt!igirls wouldn't be
gone  barttif;', y-|j-j-ttt,.
"Brtrtfttej-IM** WaiM* be put down,
my apgtf fl-,j*, „>;,.) fw. wli .
"Then it's really and truly stealing
if a man takes ten' shillings worth of
goods and, *mly pays for five shillings
worth, is i*fe taiT.-iEVef i$l*fje. does it
to keep his wife and- family frotji starving?" .-..-■,
"To  be  sure,".. ., ''<&&
"Say, pa, is 8»m toes-working i»
your brickyard noytf'hi.i
"Yes, and he's a-ipretty l?od,man;
about as good as I've-©*."  U\- . -■ '?
"How much do you pay hint, pa?"'--as you'd like them to do to you?"
"Say, pa, I heard the minister telling you that Sam and his wife are
real Christians; are they?"
"I believe they are."
"He said though they were very poor,
and had no carpets and pictures, and
no furniture to speak of, and hardly
enough to eat, they were content and
piously thankful to God. Do you believe that, pa?"
"Why, of course, my son."
"Are you piously thankful, too, pa?"
"I hope so."
"Well, you ought to be, pa. If Sam
is thankful for five shillings when he
works for fifteen, you ought to be
pretty thankful for ten when you don't
work for any."
'Run away now, and play. Here's
sixpence to go to the Zoo and see the
"I don't want to see the monkeys;
I'd rather stay and ask you questions,
pa. The minister said it was the devil
that tempted Bill Fisher to take the
things from the grocery; was it he
that put you up to making that bargain
with Sam, pa:
«Oh, don't bother me; you're talking
nonsense now, boy."
"Say, pa, will Sam Jones go to
"Likely; he's a good Christian."
"Will you go, too, pa?"
"I hope so, my son."
"What will you say if he asks you
about that ten shillings a day, and
begins to talk about doing unto others
"Five shillings a day." ■:■:,■
"How much do you payi tbe other
"Just the same: five shillings atdny-"
"Well, I heard you tell ma.that Sum
did more work than three men, , I*"#b
he,   pa?" -\ .:):,
"Yes, my son; he's a first-class
"Why does he work for the same
as the men who don't do as much
work? Why don't he leave, Bft?"*,j'«j,!"i!
6—CLARION .   h\
"He's hired by the year, my aon, and
his time is up in the slack time, when
he couldn't get another job. Then, be
has a lot of children, and his'w/jfa la
mostly sick, so he can't risk'losing
his job."
"My! you got him in a firf, ilWn't
you, pa?"
"Oh, well, you see business men haVe
to make the most of their opportunl-
"I guess ri.il Fisher thought h* was
making the most of his chanceV *when
the grocer wasn't looking, don't you,
"What do you mean?"
Oh, don't chatter so; you make
jmy head ache."
>"srfAnd suppose they ask you about
pefng on the jury, pa, and about Bill
jpisheriand his girls?"
Stop talking, I say, you young monkey!" liT-j .
<Say, pa, have they got dictionaries
j!n heavenf,
j i "What a Question! What would they
■**> with dictionaries ?"
Ob,'* I   Just   thought   it   would   be
fitoky -for  you  if  they  had,  or  they
ilghtnt know the difference between
legitimate irtteaHbfe and the other kind,
*?."■   j jittJ  ' .ahtet
'Be Silent, now! Not another word,
jar I'll aend you i rtgM home."—International Socialist  (Sydney,  N. S.W.).
It cannot be denied that tn* attitude
oi the Socialist-minded union delegates
ati'tha-St. Louis Convention'.'otnhe A.
Fi, of ti. has "aroused' wide; afSonish-
rt/ent and d!sconUiit''lri.^i*-rty,i circles,
fl-'wa* iiot thought-that' mere calling
o?"h«»*s or oratorical 'pugilism should
Men expected ffom them, but an
Socialist Party of Canada
Trade Mark*
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone sending a sltcl rli nnd description mny
flufnklr fisi'erlriln our .., im..n Oreo whether an
Intention Is prnhnblr imlt'iilnhllkOommiililfn.
lions strict lyrolillilontlnl. HANDBOOK onl'nlents
Oh,   nothing;   only  I   was  th«HB|Tjl|^'-e,iill accord wltb ni-Wlploa u.i.l
.-._......      .........     ......   ■   in.i.l'      tlSrWiir It ~V    . ...
UntOTrlfled decisiveness in Ihe most
iportant  votes.   The  declaration of
rjnqnuades that no kind of Social-
resolutions should be laid upon
oijnventlon  was  approved of,  but
rYetusal to participate in ihe elec-
of'ijie executive, in the discussion
wuetner  tuere  \va»  inucl.' <iHa»eirco
between you and Bill Fisher.
more thingB from the grocer
paid   for;   and  you  tane   moi*
Sam Jones than you pay for.   is taking
more work than you pay for stealing,
pa?" ' vm     „,„„..	
"No, stupW!    What I make ^'^ffljo^h^'^port'of'Samuel ^Gompers' ac
is profit; It is per.ectly legitimfct*."    It--fe 'Siade   the   most   painful   im
"What's legitimate, pa?" '   •'*. Lr^B|
"Legitimate is legal—sanctioned by'
law.   Anything the law allows is legitimate, you know"
"Oh, I see.    Taking a man's woi
without paying for it is profit, because
it's legitimate; taking a man's grop
les without paying for them i* St
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins of
government ail the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property  rights in the means of wealth production and .
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The Interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformatjon, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party ls for lt; If it will not, tbe
Socialist Parly is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in Us hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
ing, because it isn't   That's the #j
is it, pa?"
Oh,   don't   bother,   you   mak
tired, boy."
Say, pa, what's law?   Wha^
anything law?"
"Why, the votera; that is, t
have votes elect men to R
and then Parliament says Tdm
the law.   Do you understand-py^Y?,
"Have you a vote, pa?;'^ { '   „       n
sunt free. OMost esono.y lor scouring patents,
Patents taken tiirousti Munn A Co. —-'
special notice, without charge, lu the
Scientific American.
A handsomely Ulnstratsd weekly.    Lamest clr.
eolation ot anf  ■dantlfla  Journal.    Terms  lor
Sjiada, tin a year, postage prepaid.   Sold by
III-..-.I- "~i*»^, 17, t-„   ™-.,h*..,*'„   '    T
    By   Spokeshave	
"Say, pa, what is that big place over
there?" asked the inquisitive boy, as
he was taking a walk out on Sunday
"That is the central prison, my
"What is it for, pa?"
"Oh, for putting bad people in;
thieves and such."
"What are thieves,  pa?"
"A thief is a man who takes things
that belong to other people."
"Oh, yes, I know now. When Bill
Fisher went Into Mr. Shortweight's
grocery store and bought some things,
and then when Mr. Shortweight was
not looking, put a whole lot of things
in his basket, they said he was a thief.
He waa sent to prison, wasn't he pa?"
'Yes, my son. Everybody said it
served him right, too."
'No, not everybody, pa. I heard
one man aay that the judge ahould
have considered that Bill's wife waa
sick, and he hadn't any money except
what he had just paid the grocer, and
had no work, and that the things he
stole were just what his wife and
baby needed. He said the Jury should
be strung up. You was on the jury,
wasn't you, pa?"
"That man was a Socialist, or something. It would not do to allow sentiment to  Interfere  with justice."
"Yes, of course I ha-*^ ,„
"Has Sam a vote, toeyJgOS-'-   ■
"Yes, he has."       «f.*w    -
"Does he vote for «* ai-me-*-** ****
you do?" &*. -J,m f"'«'8!o*/»'<**
"Well, I expea*lj^:^.'\|rtjfeBnd
lhat he didn't, I Hd^ilt'dif^arMlnliii."
not deceive ourselves;
jger, M anion Barnes and
(6, to  the  eyes  of the
"'  lists  first  of all
Their    actions,
always be regarded
fcr-'jSfeclalist movement as
emselves, as much as
pfnistration, perhaps, try
st it.   So if to-day at the
the A. F. of L. they come
nipers,  or   at    least    not
m,  If they  give  him  their
so allow his re-election to
unanimous, if they help along
-fii'''ifost bitter and dangerous enemy
ottme Socialist movement in this coun-
|Bo a vote of confidence which al-
|is him  to appear before  the eyes
eff the public opinion of the world as
UdJAe trusted  delegate of all American
organized labor, by this    (act)    they
strike in the face the politics of the
party of which they are the  chosen
representatives,   the    officials;     they
for them. But it is just from the
tactical standpoint that this tender
consideration, seems to us out of place.
For the Socialist Party is not a
political party alone; elections are for
It  nol  an  end  in  themselves,  but  a
moano  to  an   end.     itfl  chief task  ia  to
produce Socialists who are capable of
winning power for the working classes
and to keep it for them. Who would
assert that a single one of the conservative-minded unionists who voted
for the candidates for the Socialist
Party at the last elections would be
moved by the putting up of a Socialist
candidate against Gompers to |turn
back to the capitalistic parties?
Or if this were the case, if there
were Socialistic voters who allowed
themselves to be influenced through
this, would that be a loss or a gain
for the party? Above all we meed
clearness and no lazy compromise.
Only when we show through our actions that we are not afraid of Gompers, but, as small as we may be in
numbers and weak in influence, make
a stand against him—on, the political
as well as on the economic field of
battle— only then/will Gomperism be
conquered.—New  York Volk  Zeitung.
,  t,—,,.,'t      :;V:,'        ;disavow   on   the   labor    union     field
I reckon niag, rn^o jatk.})ke Sam „,hat they ,)reach daily on the political
have not mudy* any he p-*)** laws, |field.
have they, jjpju^ ,;,,.,*_,,   .„   ■ ,   And we have the feellng that these
"Well, imm tmWOijtmtm »otes, but comrades themselves feel the gaping
lntelligen*»-*pp^m**f»i--****-nerally fix contradiction. Why, otherwise, would
things  so thef -*t#i1|«4*,'l*iucli harm. tney aiwayB be seeking new apologies
Last election our sMtoMminated Mr.
Straddle and the other side put up
Mr. Jumper, and so, whichever was
elected, we knew that the laws would
be all right anyhow."
"I guess If Sam and his set had the
making of the laws, pa, they would
for their conduct at the conventions
of the A. F. of L.? Three years ago
it was the vulgar attacks of Brandenburg-Parry against Gompers, two
years ago the ""damocles sword" of
imprisonment (which we dared to
prophesy would never fall), but this
send men to prison for the legitimate time, according to Max Hayes' "Cleve-
stealing just the same as the other land Citizen," lt ls the rapid progress
kind. How would you like to be sent 'of the party among the unionists as
to jail, and have ma die and your 'well as the threatened danger of a
children go bad, like Bill Fisher, and "Labor Party."
when you couldn't say that you stole I jt ^as always been /tactical con>
Sam Jones's work to keep your sick '8ideratlons which have caused Social-
wife and children from starving, latB at the conventions to bury, as
either?" |deeply  as   possible,   the   war-hatchet
"Tut, tut, boy; don't be so silly." which   Gompers   always   holds   ready
Dear Mac—I have had forwarded
me from a comrade in Toronto, a
small hand bill which reads: "Socialist Party of Canada, Socialist Hall, 10
and 12 Alice Street. Popular Scientific
Lectures every Monday evening, by
arrangement with the University of
.Toronto. Dec. 5th, Professor Kylle,
on 'Menace of Socialism;" Dec. 12th,
jProfessor Lloyd, 'National Economic
Waste;' Dec. 19th, Professor Abbott,
i'Mind and Body." Further Series to
be announced. Admission free. Buy
the Socialist Standard, 50c. per year.
Now, Mac., I want to know is this
a bit of our party, or those renegades
you chucked out the other day? It
surely can't be the faithful S. P. of
C„ for they make no remark of "Western Clarion," the only true and holy
life-giving, "body-saving" dope giver.
Haven't they got speakers enough
that would keep a few wage-plugs
interested in pure economics without
calling the professional 'Bourgeoisie
University fakir to their aid? Do they
suppose that's a step in the right
I think Its a step ^backward! The
same method is practised in this city
of New York. The Socialist Party
rather than worry their brain box
on a discussion, of economics, call to
their aid the henchmen of the master
class, the professional college men
who talk and talk everything but the
right thing. Round they go, "National
Economic Waste," "Mind and Body,"
etc. Ask any of them to talk quite
straight on the subject of the enslavement of the masses, the condition of
the wage slaves under capitalism.
See if they'll lei you advertise them
to speaK under these headings.
In England the Church has taught
us in her catechism to "reverence our
spiritual pastors and masters, all those
that are put in authority over us." In
authority, materially and mentally,
but down here in the States, this professional class has become so numerous, being produced by the colleges
annually in such quantities, that the
old awe of them has somewhat worn
off, especially so in this city, since
when a few weeks back it was discovered that, the city of New York
College had been issuing fake diplomas in great numbers, through the graft
of their under Registrar, a poor wage-
plug, for sums varying from 30 to 100
dollars a piece.
So beware, Toronto, who you are
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sundar. Dec. 25
Bring your dull razors to
Clarendon Pool Room, opposite
car buns
Westminster Avenue
Vancouver, B.C.
q If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to our office and we will aend a man
to measure your premises and give yon an estimate ol coat of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Sas Company, Limited.


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